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2 (28), 2012

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2012, 2 (28)


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: , MD 2001, . , . . , 24, .
1 . .
.: (+373 22) 28-75-59, : 27-15-15. E-mail: journalrusyn@rambler.ru
Editor's address: Association Rus'. M. Kogalniceanu Street, 24, ap. 1A, Kishinev, MD 2001,
Moldova.
Tel.: (+373 22) 28-75-59, fax 27-15-15. E-mail: journalrusyn@rambler.ru
, 2005-2012
Association Rus', 2005-2012

/ CONTENTS
200- /
On the 200th Anniversary of the Annexation of Bessarabia to Russia

- 1806-1812 ................ . 5-16
Aleksandr Prigarin
The Russo-Turkish War 1806-1812 and the Fate of the Nekrasov Followers

- -
XVIII - XIX . ................................................................. 17-22
Aleksandr Kozholianko
The Trade-Economic Development of Northern Bessarabia - Khotin Area at the
end of the 18 C - beginning 19 C

1918 .,
...................................................... 23-34
Stepan Vidnianskii
The Processes of National Self-Determination in Bukovina in 1918, Its
Annexation into the Structure of the Rumanian Kingdom and the Rumanization
of the Indigenous Population of the Land
,
, 1919 . ........................ 35-48
Igor Barinov, Ivan Strelkov
The future of Bukovina in the Russian, Ukrainian and Romanian projects during
the Paris Peace Conference of 1919

,
1918-1920 . .............................................................................. 49-54
Vincent Bule
The Image of the Rumanian Administration and the Attitude of the Populace
of Bessarabia as Reflected in the French Diplomatic and Reconnaissance Accounts
of 1918-1920
,
(19181940 .):
....................................................................... 55-66
Vladimir Makarchuk, Nazarij Rudyi
The Eastern Borders of Inter-War Rumania (1918-1940): Aspects of
International Right

, 1940 .:
.................................................................................... 67-76
Dyoni Gabor
Hungary, the USSR and the Territorial Losses of Great Rumania in 1940:
Lessons of History

2012, 1 (27)


? .......77-94
Petr Shornikov.
Did the Punishment of Rumanian War Criminals Occur?
,
-
(xviii
.) ................................................................................................ 95- 107
Bohdan Bodnariuk, Mykhaylo Chuchko
Spiritual and religious education and upbringing in the northern counties of the
moldavia and the province of bukovina (in the eighteenth early twentieth century)
/ RUSIN BIBLIOGRAPHY

.108-114
Maksim Zhikh
The Discovery of the Berlin Register of the First Chronicle of Novgorod
/ ARCHIVES
. , 18/30 1856 . .......................... 115-123
Treaty of Paris. Paris, 18/30 March 1856
... 123-128
Documents regarding the abolition of several articles of the Treaty of Paris
2 1940 ......................................... 129-134
The Statute of August 2, 1940 regarding the Formation of the United Moldavian
Soviet Socialist Republic
,
, - - , 1947 . .................... 135-166
The Paris Peace Treaty between the allied nations, including the USSR on one
side and the Rumanian on the other, 1947
References Transliterated from Cyrilic into Latin Alphabet ............. 167-180
................................................................... 181-184
Information about the Authors
Summary ..................................................................................... 185-187
........................................... 188
Rules of Publication in the Journal Rusin
.. 189-190
Subscription to the International Historical Journal Rusin
..................................................................................... 191
Information

200-

- 1806-1812 .

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2012, 2 (28)

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2012, 2 (28)


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1. Hofbauer H. Bukowina. Bessarabien. Moldawien: vergessenes Land


zwischen Westeuropa, Russland und der Trkei. Wien, 1993. S. 2526.
2. . i i - i
(1772-1880 .). i, 1916. . 46.
3. Hofbauer H. Op. cit. S. 32.
4. Kaindl R. Unser Heimatland Bukowina. Wien, 1916. S. 1213.
5. Ibid. S. 46.
6. Die Ukraine unter Fremdherrschaft. Berlin, 1928. S. 4344.
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8. Stnescu M.C. Armata romn i unirea Basarabiei i Bucovinei cu
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9. Economu R. Unirea Bukovinei 1918. Bucureti, 1994. P. 157158.
10. : . . . URL: http://ava.
md/01-politika/01354-ruminiya-protiv-ukraini.html ( :
11.05.2012).
11. ( - ). .
-200. .1. . 362. . 10.
12. . . -200. . 1. . 601. . 3.
13. . . -5834. . 1. . 1. . 96.
14. . . 96.
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16. . ,
. . VIII. . :
Korduba M. Bukovina. Praha, 1919. S. 910.
17. . . 97.
18. .
19. . . -5834. . 1. . 1. . 2.
20. . . -200. . 1. . 601. . 3.

48

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21. . . -200. . 1. . 357. . 2.


22. .
23. // . 1919, 9.
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25. . . -200. . 1. . 357. . 3.
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27. Grigorovia M. Din istoria colonizrii Bucovinei. Bucureti, 1996. P. 21.
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29. Ibid.
30. Grigorovia M. Op. cit. P. 31.
31. The Ukrainian problems. 1919. 5. P. 18.
32. .. . (1900-1918). , 1949.
. 10.
33. . . 492k,
.1. . 12. . 135136.
34. LUkraine commente par la presse roumaine. Bucarest, 1919. P. 1314.
35. Economu R. Op. cit. P. 96.
36. La Bukovine. Paris, 1919. P. 6.
37. A Collection of notes and memoirs etc. London, [1919]. P. 15.
38. The Bukowina // The Ukrainian problems. 1919, 3. P. 13.
39. Korduba M. Op. cit. S. 8.
40. Notes prsentes par la Dlgation de la Rpublique Ukrainienne
la Confrence de la paix Paris. Paris, 1919. P. 15, 22.
41. A Collection of notes and memoirs etc. P. 32.
42. The Ukraine. Handbook prepared under the Direction of the Historical
Section of the Foreign Office. London, 1920. P. 37.
43. Memorandum to the Government of the United States on the recognition of the Ukrainian Peoples Republic. Washington, 1920. P. 3,5.
44. Ibid. P. 17.
45. . , 1932. C.
149151.
46. The Ukraine. P. 57.
47. . . ., 2007. . 59.
48. ., , . ,
1918. . 38.
49. La Bukovine. P. 6.
50. Documents on British foreign policy. V. 1. S.1. London, 1947. P. 277.
51. Documents...V. 2. P. 936.
52. Documents...V. 1. P. 277.
53. Ibid.

200-

49


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3. . Z Russie 652. . 38.
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5. . 20 1918 .
6. . Z Russie 652. . 132.
15 1919 .
7. . Z Russie 653. . 14.
8. . Z Russie 652. . 74.
1919 .
9. Michel Roucaud. Le dossier du gnral Victor Ptin // Revue historique
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11. . Z Russie 653. . 67.
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1. .
: [ ]. ., 2005.
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. 216217.
3. Frana pentru unirea tutor romnelor // Glasul Bukovinei. 1918. 24
noiembrie.( 10).
4. . . ., 2006. C. 11.
5. . . I. . 89.
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10. . . (, , ). 1989-1992 . . , 2000. . 7881.
11. .. . . . 81.
12. ,
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., 1929. . 69.
13.Cobban A. The National State and National Self-Determination. NewYork: Thomas J. Crowell, 1969. . 92.
14. . . I. 1 1920 . 18
1921 . .: , 1959. . 312.
15. . .I. .: , 1957. . 6667, 90, 241-242, 248-249; . II. .,
1958. . 66, 148-151, 171-172; . . III. ,
1960. . 488-492 .
16. . ., . . - : 1929
1934 . . ., 1970. . 43.
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66

2012, 2 (28)

. 1. . ., 1928.
. 354.
18. . . . .; ., 1945. . 53.
19. . . , 19171982. 2- ., . .,
1982. . 354.
20., / . . , . ,
. . ; ; , 1956. . 321; MicuS.Istoria
romnilor. Bucureti, 1995. Vol. I. . 2930.
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. ., 2005. . 555.
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24. . . . , 1930. . 130.
25. . .. . . 130.
26.- - . . / .: . . . , 1969. . 104105.

200-

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1. Erdly trtnete. Msodik ktet. 1606-tl 1830-ig. Harmadik kiads. Bp.


1988. 978; Recensmntul general al populaiei Romniei 1930. Vol. II. Neam,
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Lajos). Bp. 1997. 312.
3. Seres Attila. Magyar-szovjet tikos trgyalsok Genovban 1922-ben.
Bnffy Mikls magyar klgyminiszter feljegyzsei // Fons 2001/3. 401-404.
4. Seres Attila. Magyar-szovjet gazdasgi kapcsolatok 1920-1941. Bp. 2010.
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5. Kztes-Eurpa 17631993. Trkpgyjtemny (sszelltotta Pndi
Lajos). Bp., 1997. 486.
6. : 1939 1941. . ., 2008. . 31.
8. . . 33, 35.
9. . . 35.

76

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10. . : , , . , 2010.
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13. 1938-1939. ., 1990. . 603; . : , , . . 76.
14. : 1939 1941. . 217;
. : , , . . 323.
15. . . 208, 213.
16. . . 226.
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18. Horthy Mikls. Emlkirataim. Bp., 2011. 244.
19. : 1939 1941. . 292;
. : , , . . 323.
20. . : , , . . 324-325.
21. . -
. . 1940-1946. ., 2000. . 44.
22. Horthy Mikls: Emlkirataim. Bp., 2011. 244.
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, ,

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.
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Iz istorii izuchenija Novgorodskoj Pervoj letopisi // Novgorodika-2008.
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183

I nformation ABOUT THE AUTHORS

Igor Barinov - graduate student of historical faculty of Moscow State University.


e-mail: barinovnoble@gmail.com
Bohdan Bodnariuk - Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of the
faculty of Ethnology at the of the Fedkovich Natiional University of Chernovtsy.
e-mail: jurnalrusyn@rambler.ru
Vincent Bule - PhD, Professor (Sorbonne).
e-mail: jurnalrusyn@rambler.ru
Dyoni Gabor - Co-worker at the Center of Russian Studies in Budapest, Chief
Editor of the site: oroszvilag.hu
e-mail: jurnalrusyn@rambler.ru
Stepan Vidnianskii - Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, The head of the
Department of World History and International Relations of the Institute of History
of the Ukraine at the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences
e-mail: jurnalrusyn@rambler.ru
Maksim Zhikh - graduate student of historical fculty of St. Petersburg State
University
e-mail: jurnalrusyn@rambler.ru
Aleksandr Kozholianko - candidate of Historical Sciences, assistant of the
faculty of Ethnology at the of the Fedkovich Natiional University of Chernovtsy.
e-mail: alexkozholianko@gmail
Vladimir Makarchuk - Doctor of Juridical Sciences, Professor of the National
Lvov Polytechnic.
e-mail: jurnalrusyn@rambler.ru

184

2012, 2 (28)

Aleksandr Prigarin - Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of


Odessa National Mechnickov University.
e-mail: prigarin_alexand@mail.ru
Nazarij Rudyi - Candidate of Juridical Sciences, Lviv National University of
Internal Affairs.
e-mail: jurnalrusyn@rambler.ru
Ivan Strelkov - graduate student of historical faculty of Moscow State University.
e-mail: mathist@mail.ru
Mykhail Chuchko - Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Faculty
of Ethnology, Antiquity and Medieval History at the of the Fedkovich Natiional
University of Chernovtsy, The Director of the Research Center for the Study of
Bukovina at the National University of Chernovtsy.
e-mail: jurnalrusyn@rambler.ru
Petr Shornikov - Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of the
Faculty of Domestic History of the Institute of History, Statehood and Law at the
State University of T. Shevchenko of Pridnestrovye.
e-mail: p_shornikov@km.ru

Summary

185
SUMMARY

Aleksandr Prigarin
The Russo-Turkish War 1806-1812 and the Fate of the Nekrasov Followers.
The Nekrasov Followers - one of the original groups of the Russian Cossacks,
Old Believers, the source of their formation goes back to the Don Cossacks participants in the insurrection of KondratBulavin (1707-1709)
Right at the start of the Russo-Turkish Wars in 1806 the Nekrasov Followers Old Believers were widely spread at the mouth of the Danube. After the coming
of the Russian forces to the region, the Nekrasov Followers and Lippovaners
found themselves on both sides of the front. In 1807 the residents of Vilkov
and Old Kilia had already given help to the forces of M.I. Kutuzov. A good part
of the Nekrasov Followers acted negatively to the Russian forces and continued
to serve their Ottoman protectors. In 1811 several of them immigrated from
Dobruga to Izmail. Social and economic privileges attracted the Great Russian
Old Believers from the Russian provinces. Their numbers reached 1500.
Aleksandr Kozholianko
The Trade-Economic Development of Northern Bessarabia - Khotin Area at
the end of the 18 C - beginning 19 C.
The question of socio-economic development of northlands Bessarabia Khotinschin is studied In the article , influence on economic development
of regina of military-political events in the end XVIII - beginning I ages.
Stepan Vidnianskii
The Processes of National Self-Determination in Bukovina in 1918, Its
Annexation into the Structure of the Rumanian Kingdom and the Rumanization
of the Indigenous Population of the Land.
The regime of the Rumanian occupation in Bukovina was the severest of
the regimes which were established in the occupied Western Ukrainian lands
by neighboring states after WWI, in particular the Polish in Galicia, and more
so, the Czecholovak in Transcarpathia. All former autonomy in Bukovina was
abolished, the land was transformed into a province of Rumania. The policies
of Rumanization of the Rusin-Ukrainian population was implemented.

186

2012, 2 (28)

Igor Barinov, Ivan Strelkov


The future of Bukovina in the Russian, Ukrainian and Romanian projects
during the Paris Peace Conference of 1919.
The article deals with the problem of the future of Bukovina in the context
of the Paris Peace Conference in 1918-1919. The authors analyze the attitude
of Romania, Ukraine, White Russian governments and the Allies towards this
issue. The case of Bukovina is regarded as the question of the post-war status
of a territory complicated from the ethnic point of view. The authors based
their research both on published and archive sources.
Vincent Bule
The Image of the Rumanian Administration and the Attitude of the Populace
of Bessarabia as Reflected in the French Diplomatic and Reconnaissance
Accounts of 1918-20.
The opinion of French diplomacy concerning the question of the annexation
of Bessarabia to Rumania is well studied on the basis of the communication
between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of France and the French diplomatic
core in Rumania and the military mission of France. The explanation for this by
France regarding Bessarabia was that Bessarabia was only a pawn in the global
geopolitical game, the goal of which was to distance itself from Soviet Russia.
Vladimir Makarchuk, Nazarij Rudyi
The Eastern Borders of Inter-War Rumania (1918-1940): Aspects of
International Right.
Under study in the article are the historical conditions of the circumstances
regarding the territorial expansion to the East by the Rumanian Kingdom, which
Bucharest realized as the result of WWI and also in accordance with Rumanian
political activity within the norms of international rights at that time.
Dyoni Gabor
Hungary, the USSR and the Territorial Losses of Great Rumania in 1940:
Lessons of History
An interesting example for historians of Russia, who are interested in RussoHungarian relations, is the cooperation which developed between our countries
against Rumania at the beginning of WWII in 1940.

Summary

187

Petr Shornikov
Did the Punishment of Rumanian War Criminals Occur?
In Moldavia those who collaborated with the occupation forces underwent
punishment. In many ways the punishment of war criminals in Rumania was
of an immitation character. Not one state ministry, which took part in the entry
into the war, was not recognised as a criminal organization. Accountability was
only of a narrow circle of participants who carried out political aggression and
genocide. The Rumanian judiciary judged a wider circle of guilty Hungarians,
who carried out abuses against the Rumanian population of Northern
Transylvania, rather than against those guilty of abuses in the territories of
Moldavia and the Ukraine. The verdicts against the war criminals were not
adequate with regard to the committed crimes. The majority of the convicted
Rumanian war criminals were absolved ahead of time. The chance to denazify
Rumanian society by their own resources was only partially employed.
bohdan bodnariuk, mykhaylo chuchko
spiritual and religious education and upbringing in the northern counties
of the moldavia and the province of bukovina (in the eighteenth early
twentieth century)
In this article are examined the realities and peculiarities, associated
with the origins, formation and distribution of traditional spiritual education
in Bukovina, details of which have survived since the eighteenth century.
Authors have paid particular attention to the higher theological education
and questions of the catechetic issues in schools of our county during the
nineteenth early twentieth century, using as examples statistics, memoirs
and other written sources.

188

2012, 2 (28)

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