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Annual Salmon, Steelhead

And Char Report:


WRIA 10
Puyallup/White River Watershed

Report Prepared by:


Eric Marks
Blake Smith
Russ Ladley
Terry Sebastian
Puyallup Tribal Fisheries
Table of Contents
Boise Creek…………………………………………………………………......……….......... 1 - 5
Buckley USACE Fish Trap…………………..……………………………………….......…. 6 - 8
Canyon Creek……………………..…………………………………………………….....…... 9 - 10
Canyon falls Creek………………………………………………………..…………........…. 11 - 13
Carbon River……………………………………………………......……………….……...…. 14 - 19
Clarks Creek……………………………………………………......………….………….……. 20 - 24
Clear Creek…………………………………………………………......……………….….…... 25 - 28
Clearwater River……………………………………………………......…………………..…. 29 - 33
Cripple Creek………………………………………………………......…………..………..… 34 - 36
Deer Creek……………………………………………………………......………………….…. 37 - 38
Diru Creek Hatchery (PTF facility)………………………………........……………..…. 39 - 44
Dollar Creek………………………………………..……..………......……………………..... 45 - 46
Electron Fish By-pass Facility...………………………………......………….…………. 47 - 49
Fennel Creek………………………………………………………………….….......…..……. 50 - 54
Fiske Creek……………………………………………………………………......…..…..…... 55 - 56
Fox Creek……………………………………………………….…..………......…………..….. 57 - 58
Greenwater River……………………………………………………………........…………... 59 - 62
Huckleberry Creek…………………………………………………………........……………. 63 - 65
Hylebos Creek………………………………………………………………......……………... 66 - 67
Ipsut Creek………………………………………………………………….........……..…..... 68
Kapowsin Creek…………………………………………………………......………..……….. 69 - 72
Kellog Creek…………………………………………………………………………….......….. 73 - 74
Klickitat Creek………………………………………………………………………......….…. 75 - 76
LeDout Creek……………………………………………………………………......…….…... 77 - 79
Meadow Creek………………………………………………………………….......………..... 80
Mowich River………………………………………..…………………………......……....…. 81 - 82
Niesson Creek………………………………………………………………….........………... 83 - 85
Ohop Creek…………………………………………………………………….......………...... 86 - 87
Pinochle Creek……………………………………………………………......……………..… 88 - 89
Puyallup River………………………………………………………….......……………..…... 90 - 91
Puyallup River: Electron Fish Ladder Trap………………………......…………..…… 92
Ranger Creek…………………………………………………………......………..…………… 93

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
I
Table of Contents
Rody Creek…………………………………………………………………….…..…......….… 94 - 95
Rushingwater Creek…………………….....…………………………….………......…..… 96 - 97
Salmon Creek………………………………………………………………………….........… 98 - 100
Salmon Tributary………………………………………………………….……….............. 101 - 102
Silver Springs Creek……………………………………………...………..……......…..…. 103 - 104
South Prairie Creek……………………………………………..…….………..….........…. 105 - 109
Squally Creek………………………………………………………………………......…...… 110 - 111
Swan Creek……………………………………………………………….……......……….….. 112 - 114
Swift Creek…………………………………………………..………………….......……...…. 115 - 116
Voights Creek……………………………………………………………………......………... 117 - 118
White River……………………………………………...…………………..…......……...…. 119 - 123
Wilkeson Creek……………………………………………………………...…......………... 124 - 129
Wrong Creek…………………………………..……………………………..……............… 130 - 131
Appendix A: Watersheds Season Comparisons….......................................... 132 - 135

Appendix B: Survey Areas and Spawning Distribution................................. 136

Appendix C: Chinook and Steelhead Redd locations (GPS)........................... 141

Cover photo: West face of Mt. Rainier from the north fork of the Puyallup river.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
II
2003 INTRODUCTION 2004

The Puyallup Tribe of Indians Fisheries Division began conducting extensive


supplemental salmon and steelhead surveys in the Puyallup watershed during the
1991/1992 salmon spawning season. This report summarizes the data gathered
from the fall of 2003, through the spring of 2004. Surveys began on August 25, 2003
and concluded June 25, 2004. This report includes information and data collected
from other Puyallup tribal fisheries projects including; the U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers (USACE) fish trap on the White river located in Buckley, the Electron fish
bypass facility and fish ladder, and the Puyallup tribal fish hatchery on Diru creek. In
addition to salmon and steelhead, information and data collected on char from the
USACE trap, Klickitat creek and Silver Springs creek are included and will be a part
of future reports.

This report is organized alphabetically by stream of facility. It includes river miles


surveyed, Water Resource Inventory Area (WRIA) designation, survey dates, access to
survey reaches, brief qualitative habitat descriptions. Following the general informa-
tion on each stream, much of the survey data is graphically represented by species.
In the case of streams that are not surveyed with any regularity or where few fish
were observed, no graphs are presented. Some graphs were generated using data
collected by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife and the Muckleshoot
Indian Tribe.

The fall and winter seasons are often marked by extremely low flows early in the
season due to drought conditions which persist well into late fall and early winter.
Early in the chinook run, many of the tributaries contained low enough flows to pre-
vent access to fish. The resulting focus by chinook on mainstem spawning is very
difficult to document due to extremely turbid conditions in the Puyallup, Carbon and
White rivers.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
III
BOISE CREEK
WRIA 10.0057— WHITE RIVER WATERSHED 2003 -2004
WRIA: 10.0057 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004

Pink salmon
spawning
(2003) just
below the
268th street
bridge cross-
ing in
Enumclaw.
Nearly 4,400
pink salmon
were counted
in Boise Cr.
in 2003.

DESCRIPTION
There is a bedrock falls at RM 4.5 that is the
River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 4.5
Dates surveyed: 9/2/03 to 6/7/04 upper extent of adult migration. Below this Boise creek
Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, flows through a step-pool channel within dense second
Pink,Steelhead growth forest for approximately 0.2 miles. The next 0.5
Access miles is a lower gradient stream flowing within a golf
Mile 4.5: Hwy 410 East of
course. The
Enumclaw golf course to Boise trail.
Mile 2.2: 268th St. (Blake St.) in riparian zone
Enumclaw (halfway) crosses Boise here is very
south of town. sparse, many
sections are
merely rip rap
bordered by maintained grass. There is a short
section below this with an intact hardwood
riparian zone before Boise creek begins to flow
through agricultural land (right), primarily
maintaining cattle. This reach extends from
approximately RM 3.7 to 0.3 and much of the
stream is incised to depths of 20 feet or more.
Spawning activity for all species present occurs Surrounding agricultural land use
throughout the entire 4.5 miles. The gradient continues to impact channel conditions in
increases in the lower 0.3 miles with a Boise Creek. Tremendous improvements
corresponding reduction in spawning to riparian conditions are possible but
require willing land owners, technical
opportunities. There is a recurring logjam at expertise and funding. Despite its many
RM 0.1 that appears to be an impediment but habitat related shortcomings, Boise Creek
not a total blockage to chinook at the lower flows continues to support a healthy and stable
common during late summer. population of wild steelhead - a remarkable
fact in light of the basin-wide declines.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
1
2003 BOISE CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS

250
LIVE

DEAD

200 REDDS
NUMBER OBSERVED

150

100

50

0
9/2/03 9/15/03 9/24/03 10/6/03 10/20/03 10/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

BOISE CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS


(1994 - 2003)
400 LIVE
351

DEAD

344
350
315

REDDS
300
NUMBER OBSERVED

229

250
215

200
170

160
155

153
150

147

150
100

100
89

100
81

75

70
67
63

58
46
44

41

50
35

30
28

27
24

11
10

0
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
2
2003 BOISE CREEK COHO COUNTS

450
LIVE
400

DEAD
350
NUMBER OBSERVED

300

250

200

150

100

50

0
9/24/03 10/6/03 10/20/03 10/29/03 11/12/03 11/26/03
DATE SURVEYED

BOISE CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS


(1993 - 2003)

2500
LIVE
2155
DEAD
2000 REDDS
NUMBER OBSERVED

1500
1083

1000
697

608
558
483

394

366

500
347

335
327

282

270

263
230
222
208

174

158
152
112

108
99

97
90

59
51

43

40

30
20

21
12

0
1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
3
2003 BOISE CREEK PINK COUNTS

2500
LIVE

DEAD
2000
NUMBER OBSERVED

1500

1000

500

0
9/2/03 9/15/03 9/24/03 10/6/03 10/20/03 10/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
4
2004 BOISE CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
20

LIVE
18
DEAD

REDDS
16

14
NUMBER OBSERVED

12

10

0
3/29/04 4/9/04 4/19/04 5/3/04 5/19/04 6/7/04
DATE SURVEYED

BOISE CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS


(1993 - 2004)

90 REDDS
79
80
74

70
63
NUMBER OBSERVED

60 56

50

40
32
30
30 27

18 18
20 16

10

0
1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
5
BUCKLEY: USACE FISH TRAP
WRIA: 10.0031 - BUCKLEY FISH TRAP -WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004

DESCRIPTION
Salmon returning to the upper White
River enter the USACE trap located at RM
24.3 near Buckley, WA. (left photo). During
the months that salmon return to the White
River, the USACE
empties the trap Wanding spring chinook
daily (the trap is for coded-wire tags.
hoisted to a tank
truck, and fish are
released from the
trap into the truck,
lower left photo).
Fish are then
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’
(USACE) Fish trap
transported above
River mile: 24.3 Mud Mountain
Species Surveyed: Spring Chinook, Coho, Dam and released
Steelhead, Char, Pink, Sockeye back into the White river at RM 33.6, four
miles above the dam and about one mile
below the confluence with the Clearwater
River.
Loading fish
from USACE
Puyallup Tribe fisheries staff sample the
trap into contents of the trap once a week throughout the
truck for entire year. During the spring chinook run, the
transport trap is sample 3 to 5 days per week . Spring
above Mud chinook are dip-netted into a bin and
Mountain
Dam. The
anesthetized. All fish are examined for fin–clips
fish will be and wanded for coded-wire tags with a metal
released detector. The City of Tacoma pipeline crossing
back into was removed in the summer of 2003 (see page
the White
river at RM
120). The site
was a suspected
source of injury
to migrating
fish. Species of salmonids captured in the trap
include chinook, coho, pink, sockeye, steelhead and
char. Several char (right photo) and steelhead are
caught by dip-net and sampled by Puyallup Tribe
fisheries staff. DNA and scale samples are collected
from both species, a small amount of the anal fin was
removed and preserved for DNA analysis. In addition
to DNA and scale samples, char are floy tagged and transported above Mud Mountain
dam. Wild steelhead are transported above Mud Mountain dam, while hatchery
steelhead are returned back into the White River below the USACE trap as per
agreement with the Muckleshoot Indian Tribe and the State of Washington.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
6
NUMBER OF COHO NUMBER OF CHINOOK

1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000

0
10000
15000
20000
25000

5000
1941 1101
1941 14
5431
18
1943 4603
1943 1467
717 3736
1003 1945 2584
1945
3692
3811
1947 4992 1947 1470
1469 1841
6739 1949 1370
1949
1849
12484
1951 3623 1951 719
7500 842
9698 1953 931
1953
5671 633
1955 1961 1955 1893
3403 794

1957 2094 1957 374


2031 245
1959 3448 1959 261
1398 528

1961 1098 1961 505


1992 164
1963 1429 1963 447
4090 658
1965 1810 1965 969
3756 639
1967 2506 1967 684
1639 465
1969 1537 1969 534
1688 557
1971 1818 1971 393
2972 392

YEAR

YEAR
1973 796 1973 137
1081 388
1975 546 1975 488
833 229
1977 1090 1977 66

(1941 - 2003)
(1941 - 2003)

493 140
1979 320 1979 72
335 61
1981 1237 1981 175

USACE Trap Counts


USACE Trap Counts

522 20
1983 408 1983 26
403 10
1985 1349 1985 27
599 6
1987 1746 1987 117
3231 127
1989 820 1989 111
5840 221
1991 4558 1991 277
1264 406
1993 1379 1993 409
6503 392
1995 2733 1995 605
927 702

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
Coho Transported Above Mud Mountain Dam

1997 7988 1997 422


1782 402
Chinook Transported Above Mud Mountain Dam

1999 1065 1999 1292


21591 1546

7
2001 6022 2001 2002
6370 803
2003 16476 2003 1551
USACE Trap Counts
Steelehead Transported Above Mud Mountain Dam
(1941 - 2004)
2500
2166

1971
1902

2000
1662
NUMBER OF STEELHEAD

1500
1381
1364

1304
1298

1234
1211
1155

1122
1031
1021

960
1000

912
906

896
828
822

726

691
683

683
638

624
535

524
482
476

477

460
458

447
437

435
433
500

405
381

373
368

367

369
347

351

328
326
286
280

279

274
260
264

249

253
228

220
205

203

192

183
156
162

162
0
1941

1943

1945

1947

1949

1951

1953

1955

1957

1959

1961

1963

1965

1967

1969

1971

1973

1975

1977

1979

1981

1983

1985

1987

1989

1991

1993

1995

1997

1999

2001

2003
YEAR

USACE Trap Counts


Char Captured, Tagged, and Transported above Mud Mountain Dam
(1999 - 2003)
30

28
1999

2000

25 2001
23 2002

2003

20
NUMBER OF CHAR

16
15 15
15
14

12

10
10
9 9

6
5 5
5
4 4
3 3
2 2 2
1 1 1

0
MARCH APRIL MAY JUNE JULY AUGUST SEPTEMBER OCTOBER NOVEMBER

MONTH SAMPLED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
8
CANYON CREEK
WRIA: 10.**** - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

Canyon creek looking downstream along


Canyon road. This is the reach where
most of the spawning occurs

River miles surveyed: 1.0 to 1.2


Dates surveyed: 11/24/03 to 1/21/04
Species surveyed: Chum
Access
Mile 0.5: Intersection of Canyon and Pioneer.
DESCRIPTION
The only suitable spawning habitat in Canyon
creek is just above Pioneer Ave. Below this point,
the channel substrate consists of fine sand and
extremely compacted small gravel. The gradient
increases above Pioneer, but there are only
several short stretches of gravel between Pioneer
Ave. and the culvert crossing under Canyon Rd.
This culvert appears to be at least an impediment
to chum, as no fish were observed above the
culvert during the peak of the run when several
fish were actively spawning directly below. There
Cayon creek culvert looking upstream. were reports of coho sightings in the same reach,
The gradient increases sharply past the but no surveys were conducted by the Puyallup
culvert. Tribe until the beginning of the chum run.
The channel above the culvert has been
engineered with the placement of log weirs to
retain gravel. They appear to be only moderately effective because the amount of fines in
the entire reach is excessive.
This stream has not been surveyed consistently in recent years; therefore only 3 years
of seasonal comparisons are available.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
9
2003/2004 CANYON CREEK CHUM COUNTS
140
LIVE

120 DEAD

100
NUMBER OBSERVED

80

60

40

20

0
11/24/03 12/4/03 12/16/03 12/29/03 1/9/04 1/21/04
DATE SURVEYED

CANYON CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS


(2001 - 2003)
350 LIVE

292 DEAD
300

250
NUMBER OBSERVED

200
172

150

100
66
43 46
50
21

0
2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
10
CANYONFALLS CREEK
WRIA: 10.0410 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

Short reach
along
McCutcheon
road providing
excellent spawn-
ing opportuni-
ties.

DESCRIPTION
Above the culvert on McCutcheon Rd. at
RM 0.5 the gradient quickly increases but
River miles surveyed: 0.3 to 0.6 there is a short reach of usable spawning
Dates surveyed: 8/26/03 to 5/24/04 gravel. Downstream of the road the substrate
Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Chum,
is a combination of sand and gravel within a
Steelhead (none observed)
low gradient pool-rifle channel. The riparian
Access area is primarily alder and salmonberry. The
Mile 0.5: Follow Highway 162 into McMillin vegetation along the right bank is limited due
and turn east onto 128th Street. The first to the extremely close proximity of
stream crossing after the Puyallup River bridge
McCutcheon Rd.
is Canyon falls.
Canyonfalls is primarily a spring
fed stream and flows with relative
Upper survey reach on Canyonfalls Creek. clarity and consistency, even in late
summer. However, the reach directly
below the road does contain a large
amount of fine sediment. In the
summer of 2002, 220 yards of gravel
was deposited directly downstream of
the McCutcheon road culvert, in the
upper reach of canyonfalls. The
gravel was deposited as a result of a
settlement agreement between the
Puyallup tribe and Fennel Resources.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
11
2003 CANYONFALLS CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
10 LIVE

9 DEAD

8 REDDS

7
NUMBER OBSERVED

0
8/26/03 9/9/03 9/18/03 9/29/03 10/8/03 10/20/03
DATE SURVEYED

2003 CANYONFALLS CREEK COHO COUNTS

20
LIVE
18
DEAD
16

14
NUMBER OBSERVED

12

10

0
9/18/03 10/8/03 10/20/03 10/29/03 11/13/03 12/9/03 12/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
12
2003 CANYONFALLS CREEK PINK COUNTS

60
LIVE

DEAD
50
NUMBER OBSERVED

40

30

20

10

0
9/9/03 9/18/03 9/29/03 10/8/03 10/20/03 10/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

2003/2004 CANYONFALLS CREEK CHUM COUNTS

90
LIVE
80
DEAD
70
NUMBER OBSERVED

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
11/13/03 12/9/03 12/29/03 1/9/04 1/20/04
DATE SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
13
CARBON RIVER
WRIA: 10.0413 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

DESCRIPTION
The Carbon
river provides
excellent
spawning and
rearing
opportunities for
salmon and
steelhead. In the
past, steelhead
have been
documented as
high as the Mt.
Rainier National
Park boundary.
However, the
majority of the
spawning for all
species occurs in
the lower 11
Carbon River: ——— South Prairie Creek:———— Voights Creek:———– miles. The lower
River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 11.5 3 miles of the
Dates surveyed: 12/11/03 to 5/17/04 Carbon River are
Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Pink, Chum, Steelhead
constrained by
Access
R.M. 8.5: Take Hwy. 162 through Orting. Turn on 177th St, follow earthen dikes.
approximately 2 miles to end. Put-in suitable for raft only. The channel
varies
considerably in
width, but averages approximately 300 ft. The resulting channel is only moderately
diverse with a pool riffle character. Spawning gravel exists in limited quantities and is
utilized by all species
of salmonids present, A number of side
although not in the channels are utilized
numbers observed in heavily by chum salmon
along the carbon river.
the upper reaches. Most of the chum
From the mouth of spawning occurs below
South Prairie creek at South Prairie creek.
RM 6.0, downstream There is a side channel
to RM 3.0, the river is just below the mouth of
Voights creek at RM
only leveed along the 4.0 that often supports
South Side. There are nearly half of the entire
large natural bluffs to chum run in the Car-
the north and the river bon river.
is able to migrate over

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
14
a channel of up to 0.5 miles wide.
This reach contains multiple
channels and many woody debris
jams throughout its length. The
spawning and rearing habitat is
excellent here and the highest
spawning densities of all species
are observed along this stretch of
river. There is an intermittent side
channel just below the mouth of
Voights creek at RM 4.0 that
supported almost half of the entire
1999 chum run in the Carbon river
The reach above South Prairie
creek from RM 6.0 to 8.5 is again
constrained by both dikes and
bluffs on the North side. This
reach has a slightly higher gradient Upper Carbon river by boarder of Mt. Rainier National
than the lower river and as a result Park RM 23 (to the right of bridge). This picture shows
contains less spawning habitat. the large active, braided channel of the upper river.
There are portions that are utilized
by chinook and steelhead but, not
in the densities observed in the reach above Voights creek.
Above RM 8.5 the Carbon River flows through a narrow canyon for several miles
before becoming unconstrained below the Mt. Rainier National Park boundary. This
canyon reach supports both chinook and steelhead spawning. Chum and pink salmon
have not been observed above RM 8.0
The Mt. Rainier National Park boundary is located at RM 23. Up to approximately
RM 26 the gradient remains low enough to provide some spawning opportunities in
channel margins and pool tailouts. Several small and moderate debris jams occur
throughout this reach.
Above this the gradient gradually increases to the terminus of the Carbon glacier.
There is less braiding in this section and the substrate is considerably larger providing
few if any spawning
opportunities.

The lower reach of


the carbon river at
approximatly RM 3
looking upstream
towards Mt. Rainier.
The lower river
channel is confined
by a levee that runs
along the right
side of the photo.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
15
2003 CARBON RIVER CHINOOK COUNTS

Due to the River conditions in 2003 the


Carbon river was unsurveyable for chinook.

CARBON RIVER CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS


(1994 - 2003)
140 LIVE
126
DEAD
120
REDDS
107

100 92
NUMBER OBSERVED

U
81 N
80 S
64 U
R
60
V
47
41
45 E
40 35 Y
31
27 30 A
B
1818 18 17 17 18 L
20 13 12
6 8 8 8 10
6
9 E
3 3
0
0
1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
16
2003 CARBON RIVER COHO COUNTS

Due to the River conditions in 2003 the


Carbon river was unsurveyable for coho.

CARBON RIVER COHO SEASON COMPARISONS


(1993 - 2003)
600
LIVE

550 DEAD
500 REDDS

U
NUMBER OBSERVED

400
N
S
300
U
R
V
E
200
Y
132

A
128
117

B
88

87

L
79

100
68
67

65
51

E
47
45

36
29

19

18
16

10
8
3
1

2
2

2
0

0
1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
17
CARBON RIVER CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS
(1991 - 2003)

3289
3500

3225
LIVE

2865
3000 DEAD

2707
2625

2509
2498
2500

2226
2149

2123
NUMBER OBSERVED

2000

1503
1500
1234
1124
1091

1044

944
899
849

855
1000

811
660

599
565
541

500

260
217
0
1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
18
2004 CARBON RIVER STEELHEAD COUNTS
10

LIVE
9
DEAD
REDDS
8

7
NUMBER OBSERVED

0
3/24/04 4/7/04 4/20/04 5/17/04
DATE SURVEYED

CARBON RIVER STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS


(1994 - 2004)
60

54 REDDS

49
50

40
NUMBER OBSERVED

30 29

21
20

10 8
7
6
5
4

0
1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
19
CLARKS CREEK
WRIA: 10.0027 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

Lower extent of
the Clarks creek
survey. The
remaining
stream below
the survey
reach contains
little gravel and
the substrate
consists of fine
sand and mud.
No spawning
has been
observed in this
reach.

DESCRIPTION
Clarks creek is a low gradient spring-fed
stream with a pool-riffle character.
Salmonberry, maple and alder dominate the
River miles surveyed: 3.4 to 3.7 riparian zone, along with a few firs.
Dates surveyed: 9/9/03 to 5/24/04 Upstream fish migration is blocked by a dam
Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Chum,
Steelhead (none observed)
at RM 3.7. Gravel was introduced into the
Access channel from RM 3.5 to 3.7 in the fall of 1997
Mile 3.4: From W. Pioneer Avenue, turn south and again in the summer of 1999. This
on 14th St. S.W. Drive to a sharp right turn in greatly enhancing the spawning potential for
the road and there is a WDFW hatchery on your
right. Turn right on 15th Avenue just past the
chinook, coho and chum salmon. Several log
hatchery and park at the gate. Be sure to let weirs have been placed above the
the hatchery staff know you intend to walk the interpretive bridge to aid in gravel retention.
creek. The remaining stream below the
survey reach contains little gravel and
the substrate consists of fine sand
and mud. No spawning has been
observed in this reach.

Chum carcasses litter the survey reach


during late December and January.
The gravel deposited in 1997 and 1999
supports a large number of chinook
and chum spawners.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
20
2003 CLARKS CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS

50 LIVE

45 DEAD
REDDS
40

35
NUMBER OBSERVED

30

25

20

15

10

0
9/9/03 9/18/03 9/25/03 10/8/03 10/15/03 10/24/03 11/3/03 11/13/03
DATE SURVEYED

CLARKS CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS


(1994 - 2003)
350

319
LIVE

DEAD
289
300
REDDS

250
NUMBER OBSERVED

191

200
145
131

150
116
103

103
101
100

96
93
87

100
78

78
74

63
59
58

50
46
38

50
35
34

30
16

12
10
10

10

0
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
21
2003 CLARKS CREEK COHO COUNTS
10

LIVE
9

8 DEAD

7
NUMBER OBSERVED

0
10/8/03 10/15/03 10/24/03 11/3/03 11/13/03 12/4/03 12/16/03
DATE SURVEYED

CLARKS CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS


(1993 - 2003)
120 LIVE
107

DEAD
100
REDDS
82
NUMBER OBSERVED

80

60
46
43
39

40
27
27
26

24

24
22

19

16

20
15
14

11
9

8
7

5
4
4

4
3
2

2
2

2
1

0
1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
22
2003 CLARKS CREEK PINK COUNTS
18
LIVE
16
DEAD
14
NUMBER OBSERVED

12

10

0
9/9/03 9/18/03 10/8/03 10/15/03
DATE SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
23
2003 CLARKS CREEK CHUM COUNTS

450
LIVE

400
DEAD
350
NUMBER OBSERVED

300

250

200

150

100

50

0
11/24/03 12/4/03 12/16/03 12/29/03 1/9/04 1/20/04 1/5/04
DATE SURVEYED

CLARKS CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS


(1991 - 2003)
3000
LIVE

2500 2433 DEAD


NUMBER OBSERVED

2000

1500
936
866

1000
794
675
633

628
531

528
479
411

403

390
374
352

352

500
311

255

254
246

237
215

198
163

136
97

0
1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
24
CLEAR CREEK
WRIA: 10.0022 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

Anadromous blockage in the form of a cement


dam at RM 1.9 that ensures pathogen free
water for the trout farm.
DESCRIPTION
Clear creek flows as a moderate gradient
pool-riffle stream above Pioneer Way before
paralleling the road for several hundred feet.
River miles surveyed: 1.7 to 1.9 The upper reach has excellent spawning gravel
Dates surveyed: 8/26/03 to 1/20/04 from RM 1.7 to 1.9. Although the riparian area
Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Chum,
is not intact, there are undercut banks and
Access moderate amounts of in-stream cover. There
Mile 1.7: Clear creek crosses Pioneer Way at is an anadromous blockage in the form of a
theTroutlodge facility, a private trout farm . The cement dam at RM 1.9 that ensures pathogen
survey begins where the stream curves to the
free water for the trout farm. The reach above
North away from the road and ends at an
artificial dam. Ed Mcleary, of Trout lodge,
the dam has not been surveyed.
has requested that surveyors remain in the
stream channel and contact him prior to
visiting the site. He can be reached at 253-
922-0667.

Large numbers of chum spawn ( right


photo) each year in the 0.2 miles of
available habitat below the man made
dam at RM 1.9. Nearly 800 live chum
were observed this season, making it
the highest return since surveys
began in 1994.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
25
2003 CLEAR CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS

10 LIVE

9 DEAD

REDDS
8

7
NUMBER OBSERVED

0
8/26/03 9/10/03 9/18/03 10/2/03 10/24/03
DATE SURVEYED

CLEAR CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS


(1999 - 2003)
30
LIVE
26
DEAD
25
REDDS
21
NUMBER OBSERVED

20
17

15 14

10
10
8 8
7
5
5
3
1 1

0
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
26
2003 CLEAR CREEK COHO COUNTS

10
LIVE
9
DEAD
8

7
NUMBER OBSERVED

0
9/10/03 10/24/03 11/13/03 11/24/03 12/4/03 12/16/03
DATE SURVEYED

CLEAR CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS


(1999 - 2003)
10
LIVE
9
DEAD
8
REDDS
7
NUMBER OBSERVED

5
4
4
3 3 3
3
2 2 2 2 2
2
1 1 1 1
1

0
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
27
2003/2004 CLEAR CREEK CHUM COUNTS

450
LIVE

400
DEAD

350
NUMBER OBSERVED

300

250

200

150

100

50

0
11/24/03 12/4/03 12/16/03 12/29/03 1/9/04 1/20/03
DATE SURVEYED

CLEAR CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS


(1994 - 2003)
900
LIVE

788
800
DEAD
700
642
NUMBER OBSERVED

600
478
460

500

400
340
303

260

300
233
201
196
163

200
131
122

114
110
83

100
50
29
4
0

0
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
28
CLEARWATER RIVER
WRIA 10.0057— WHITE RIVER WATERSHED 2003 -2004
WRIA: 10.0080 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004

The 3.8
mile
survey
reach of
the
Clearwater
river
contains
several
deep
pools.

DESCRIPTION
The Clearwater river is a large tributary to the
Upper White river. The substrate consists of cobbles
with smaller gravel in the many riffles and tailouts.
The riparian area is
primarily second
River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 3.8
growth conifer
Dates surveyed: 8/27/03 to 6/20/04 forest in the lower
Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, river with recent
Pink, Steelhead clear cutting
Access
Mile 3.8: Continue on 6000 road to
evident along
Clearwater bridge near 6015 road. portions of the
Mile 2.2: Follow 6000 road to 6050 upper survey
road. reach. There is
Mile 1.0: Take Hwy. 410 and turn
limited amounts of
right on Bridge Camp Road about ten
miles east of Enumclaw. Turn right on LWD in the
The photo above shows part of
6000 road and cross the White River. channel and much the nearly 300 pink salmon that
Turn right on 6013 road to 90 degree of what is present is were holding in this pool.
bend approximately 0.3 miles. Follow undersized or
trail to river.
hardwood in origin.
There are a series of cascades at approximately RM
4.5 above Lyle creek that may block further upstream
migration. Much of the spawning takes place in the
lower 2 miles of the river although many redds are
documented in
the upper reaches
Clearwater acclimation pond.
Approximately 200,000 plus
later in the
Spring chinook from the season. Surveys
Muckleshoot White River hatch- for coho were
ery are transported to the conducted for the
Clearwater pond in early Spring.
first time in 2002.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
29
2003 CLEARWATER RIVER CHINOOK COUNTS

80
LIVE

DEAD
70
REDDS
60
NUMBER OBSERVED

50

40

30

20

10

0
8/27/03 9/8/03 9/17/03 9/29/03 10/8/03 10/22/03
DATE SURVEYED

CLEARWATER RIVER CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS


(1995 - 2003)
300 LIVE
278
272

DEAD
250 REDDS
NUMBER OBSERVED

200
145
140

150
99

100
87

80
78

78
76

73
72
70

50
33
31

30
29

29
27

26
25
20

18

18
17
7

0
1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
30
2003 CLEARWATER RIVER COHO COUNTS

350
LIVE

300 DEAD

250
NUMBER OBSERVED

200

150

100

50

0
9/17/03 9/29/03 10/8/03 10/22/03 11/3/03 11/13/03 11/25/03
DATE SURVEYED

CLEARWATER RIVER COHO SEASON COMPARISONS


(2002 - 2003)
1200 LIVE
1079
DEAD
1000 REDDS
NUMBER OBSERVED

800

600

400

188
200
90 84 65
4
0
2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
31
2003 CLEARWATER RIVER PINK COUNTS
3000

2719
LIVE

2589
DEAD

2500

2102

2000
NUMBER OBSERVED

1500

915

874
1000

500
153

38 13
1 0

0
0
9/8/03 9/17/03 9/29/03 10/8/03 10/22/03 11/3/03
DATE SURVEYED

CLEARWATER RIVER SPRING CHINOOK


ACCLIMATION POND PLANTS
(1995 - 2004)
250,000
237,900 237,800
Spring Chinook
226,500

198,800 199,000
200,000
NUMBER OF FISH RELEASED

149,980
150,000

100,000

72,600

50,000
32,300

0
1995 1996 1997 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
YEAR PLANTED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
32
2004 CLEARWATER RIVER STEELHEAD COUNTS
30
LIVE

DEAD

REDDS
25

20
NUMBER OBSERVED

15

10

0
4/13/04 4/22/04 4/29/04 5/7/04 5/17/04 5/26/04 6/3/04 6/10/04
DATE SURVEYED

2004 Clearwater River steelhead graphs were generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

CLEARWATER RIVER STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS


(1999 - 2004)
120

REDDS
105

100

89

80 77
NUMBER OBSERVED

60 58
56

40

20
12

0
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
33
CRIPPLE CREEK
WRIA 10.0057— WHITE RIVER WATERSHED 2003 -2004
WRIA: 10.0086 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004
Cripple creek look-
ing upstream to-
wards the Forest
Service bridge. The
acclimation pond is
just out of the
picture to the left.

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.3


Dates surveyed: 8/25/03 to 11/25/04
Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho
DESCRIPTION
Access
Mile 0.3: Follow Forest Service road 74
The surveyed reach of Cripple creek flows in the
Off of Hwy 410 until the bridge over the West Fork White River flood plain and joins Pinochle
West Fork White river is reached. A short creek approximately 0.5 miles above its confluence
distance further is the Wrong creek with the West Fork. It flows through a low gradient
bridge. Approximately 100 yards East of
pool riffle channel with generally thick, brushy
the Wrong creek bridge Cripple creek
flows through a culvert under the road.
riparian cover. A large beaver dam often blocks the
culvert under the Forest service bridge. The blockage
has been removed several times, only to be rebuilt
by the beaver. Coho are observed spawning right
Winter stream conditions during a up to the blocked culvert. The substrate contains
cripple creek coho survey. a large amount of fine material but does contain
some small patches of good spawning gravel.
There is an acclimation pond located at RM
0.3 where White River Spring chinook have been
reared and released for several years.
Approximately 50,000 plus Spring chinook from
the Muckleshoot White River hatchery are
transported to the Cripple creek acclimation
pond in early Spring, and released in late Spring.
Returns to this small stream as well as Pinochle
and Wrong creeks are likely the result of these
plantings. One pink salmon was observed in the
creek during the 2003 survey season.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
34
2003 CRIPPLE CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS

10 LIVE

9 DEAD

8 REDDS

7
NUMBER OBSERVED

0
8/25/03 9/8/03 9/17/03 9/25/03 10/6/03
DATE SURVEYED

2003 CRIPPLE CREEK COHO COUNTS

30
LIVE

DEAD
25
NUMBER OBSERVED

20

15

10

0
10/6/03 10/28/03 11/13/03 11/25/03
DATE SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
35
CRIPPLE CREEK SPRING CHINOOK
ACCLIMATION POND PLANTS
(1994 - 2004)
200,000
185,798

180,000 Spring Chinook Plants

160,000
NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED

140,000 135,990

120,000
104,760
99,800
100,000
86,950

80,000
68,000
55,750
60,000

40,000

20,000

0
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

YEAR PLANTED

Approximately 50,000 plus Spring chinook from the Muckleshoot White River hatchery
are transported to the Cripple creek acclimation pond in early Spring, and released in late
Spring. All fish are mass marked with left or right ventral fin clips. Odd brood years are
marked with left ventral clips, and even years with right ventral clips. These fish can later
be identified when caught at the USACE fish trap in Buckley and passed above the Mud
Mountain dam to spawn.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.
36