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 (038)-111-161.

1
 81.2 -4

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ISBN 978-5-699-56298-5
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 (038)-111-161.1
 81.2 -4

ISBN 978-5-699-56298-5

 - , 2013


  , 2013


 - . .
.
, , , . ,

.
XIXXX ,
.
300 , , ,
. ,
, .
,
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.
,
.

.


.
.
() ,
, :
aback [bk] adv , , ; taken ; ,
abound [band] v ; ; to in courage ; museum s with old pic
tures

(. ). , , :
abdomen [bdmn] n 1. . ; ; 2. . ()
, (n , v , adj . .):
abashment [bmnt] n
abase [beis] v ; ( . .)
abiding [baidi] adj
,
, :
abscission [bsi ()n] n , ;
absquatulate [bskwtleit] v . , ,
able [eib()l] adj 1. , , 2. ;

, , :
abbreviation [ br viei()n] n 1. ; 2.
acanthus [kns] n (pl ses, thi) 1. . , ; 2. . ()
, :
banking1 [bki] n
banking2 [bki] n . ,

, :
adept [dept] I adj ; II n 1. , ; 2. . ;
alarm [l m] I n 1. , ; blast , ; clock ; false
; to take ; 2. , ; II v 1. ; 2. ,

, ,
, :
aclinic [klinik] adj: line
Bessemer [besim] adj: process .
, , , :
activist [ktivist] n () : ,

agronomic(al) [ grqnmik()l] adj : agronomic, agronomical


, :
admission [dmi()n] n 1. ; ; fee ; ; by ticket
; 2. ; 3. . ; 4. . ; (, ); space

 ,
, :
advanced [dvnst] adj 1. ; guard ; 2. 3. ( ); studies ;  in years
.
, :
amulet [mjlt] n ,


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adj
adv
attr.
conj
etc.
imp.
inf.
int
n
num
o.s.
p. p.
pass.
past

adjective
adverb
attributive
( )
conjunction

imperative
infinitive
interjection
noun
numeral
oneself
past participle

passive
past tense

pl
pref
pres. p.
pron
prep
refl.
syn.
smb.
smth.
s.o.
v
vi
vt

plural
prefix
present participle

pronoun
preposition
reflexive

synonym
somebody 
something 
someone 
verb
verb intransitive

verb transitive


i
e







,

,
,
, ( . . )


( . . u)





,
;
,
,
( . .  )
;

ei


ai
a

( . . ou)

( . . au)

i
i
e




( . . )
( . . u)

p
b
m
w

f
v

s
z
t




, ,
,



( ) ,

( ) ,



,

d
n
l
r


t
d
k
g

h
j

,
,
,

;







,

Aa
Bb
Cc
Dd
Ee
Ff
Gg
Hh
Ii

Jj
Kk
Ll
Mm
Nn
Oo
Pp
Qq
Rr

Ss
Tt
Uu
Vv
Ww
Xx
Yy
Zz

abductor

A
A, a1 [ei] n 1. . ; from A to Z , ; 2. .
;
straight A "
a2 [ei, ] 1. .
(a ,
h , an h; .: a horse, an hour);
2. . ,
little, few, good ( great)
many a dozen ; a few
days ; a great ma
ny ; 3. ; it costs a
penny ; 4. , ( all of,
many of); all of a size
); 5. twice a day

a [-] pref : abed; alive;
afoot; ashore . . : to go abegging ; to go ahunting

abaciscus [ bsisks] n
aback [bk] adv , , ; taken ; ,
abacterial [ bktiril] adj
abaculus [bkjls] n

abacus [bks] n (pl es, ci)


1. , ; 2. . (),

abaft [bft] I adv . ,
, ; II prp
. , ; the beam

abandon [bndn] I v 1. ; 2. , ;

syn. depart from, desert, forsake, give


up, leave, leave behind, quit, resign,
renounce, surrender, vacate, withdraw
from; 3.: to oneself to the idea
; II n
abandoned [bndnd] adj 1. , ; syn. deserted, desolate, empty, forlorn,
forsaken, neglected, uninhibited, unoccupied, vacated; 2. ;

abandonee [ bndn ] n ,

abandonment [bndnmnt] n
1. ; 2. ; ; 3.
abase [beis] v ;
( . .); syn. belittle, degrade, discredit, disgrace, dishonour,
demean, disparage, humble, humiliate, lower
abasement [beismnt] n ;
abash [b] v , , ;
abashment [bmnt] n
abatable [beitb()l] adj
abate [beit] v 1. , , ; ;
syn. decline, decrease, diminish,
ease, fade, lessen, moderate, reduce,
relieve, low, subside, weaken; 2. (, . .);
3. ; ; ( , . .);
4. . , ,
; 5. (); (); 6. .
()
abatement [beitmnt] n 1. ; ; ;
2. ; ; 3. . ,
abater [beit(r)] n

abatis [btis] n (pl abatis) .


,

abattage [ bt ] n

abattoir [b tw(r)] n


abbacy [bsi] n
abbess [bes] n

abbey [bi] n ;
abbot [bt] n
abbreviate [br v(r)eit] v
abbreviation [ br viei()n] n
1. ; syn. abridgement,
abstract, digest, reduction, resume,
shortening, summary; 2.
abbreviature [br viei] n
ABC [ eib s ] n 1. , ;
2. , ; of chemistry
; 3. ()
abdicate [bdikeit] v ;
(  . .); syn. abandon, give up,
quit, relinquish, renounce, resign
abdication [ bdikei()n] n ( );

abdomen [bdmn] n 1. .
; ; 2. .
()
abdominal
[bdmin()l]
adj
1. ; cavity ; 2. ( )

abdominoscopy [b dminskpi]


n

abducent [bdjsnt] a . ( )

abduct [bdkt] v , (.
, ); syn. abduce,
appropriate, carry off, kidnap, seize,
snatch
abduction [bdk()n] n 1. (, ); 2. .
, ()
abductor [bdkt] n 1. ; 2. . ,

11

abecedarian
abecedarian [ eib s derin] adj
1. ; 2. ,
abecedarium [ eib s derim] n

abecedary [ eib s dri] n


abed [bed] adv .
abele [b l] n
abelmosk [eiblmsk] n

aberrancy [bernsi] n 1. ; 2. .

aberrant [bernt] adj 1. ; 2. .
aberration [ brei()n] n 1. , ; 2.
; 3. ., . ;
aberrational [ breinl] adj
aberrationist [ breinist] n
abet [bet] v ; ; (
)
abetment [betmnt] n , (
)
abettal [betl] n
abettor [bet(r)] n ;
,
abeyance [beins] n 1.
, ;
2. ; (, ); in
, ; ( , );
( )
abeyancy [beinsi] n

abeyant [beint] adj


abhor [bh(r)] v ; ; syn. abominate, despise, detest, dislike, hate,
loathe
12

abnormal
abhorrence [bhrns] n 1. ; syn. abomination, aversion,
disgust, distaste, hate, loathing, repugnance, revulsion; 2. ,
abhorrent [bhrnt] adj 1. , ; ;
,  (to); 2. (from)
abidance [baidns] n
; by the rules
abide [baid] v (abode, . abid
ed) 1. , ; 2. , 
; to by
; 3. ; 4. ,
; syn. accept, bear, endure,
put up with, stand, stomach, suffer,
tolerate
abiding [baidi] adj ; syn. constant, continual,
continuing, firm, lasting, permanent,
persistent, stable, unchanging, unending
abietene [bit n] n
ability [bilti] n 1. ;
; ; ; to
the best of one's abilities
; syn.
aptitude, capability, capacity, competence, expertise, expertness, gift,
power, proficiency, qualification, skill,
talent; 2. ;
3. .
abintestate [ bintestit] n
abiotic [ eibaitik] adj
abject [bekt] adj 1. ,
; ; fear ; 2. , ; in poverty

abjection [bek()n] n 1. ; 2. ,
abjective [bektiv] adj

abjuration [ brei()n] n

abjure [b] v 1. ;
2. ; to a claim
,

abjurer [br] n
ablare [ble] adj
ablation [blei()n] n 1. . ; 2. . , ;

ablative [bltiv] n .

ablaze [bleiz] I adv , ; II adj 1. ;


syn. alight, blazing, burning, flashing,
glaring, illuminated, lighted, on
fire, sparkling; 2. ;
with anger
able [eib()l] adj 1. ,
; syn. capable, clever, competent, efficient, experienced, gifted,
intelligent, proficient, qualified,
skilled, talented; 2. ; ; to be , , ; to be to swim

ablebodied [ eib()lbdid] adj , ; (
); syn. fit, hardy, healthy, powerful, robust, stout, strong, sturdy,
tough, vigorous
ablegate [bligeit] n
ablepsia [blepsi] n
abloom [blm] adv
abluent [blnt] n
ablush [bl] adj ,
ably [eibli] adv
abnegate [bnigeit] v 1. ; 2. ;

abnegation [ bnigei()n] n
abnormal [bnm()l] adj ; , ; psychology ; syn. anomalous, curious,
eccentric, extraordinary, odd, peculiar,

abnormalcy
queer, strange, uncommon, unnatural,
unusual
abnormalcy [bn(r)m()lsi] n
abnormality [ bnmlti] n
1. , ; ; 2.
abnormity [bnmti] = abnor
mality
aboard [bd] adv, prep 1. , ; ; 2.
, ; ; to go
a ship ; all !

, . .; to fall
( );
. (with, of);
3. ; to keep the land

abode1 [bd] n , ; to take up one's

abode2 [bd] past p. p.


abide
abolish [bli] v , , (, ); syn. annul, cancel, destroy,
eliminate, end, nullify, obliterate, put
an end to, terminate
abolition [ bli()n] n ,
(. ); of wageslavery ;
syn. annulment, cancellation, elimination, ending, extermination, invalidation, nullification, obliteration,
termination
abolitionism [ bli()niz()m] n
(
)
abolitionist [ bli()nist] n
abominable [bminb()l] adj
, ; syn.
appalling,
contemptible,
detestable, disgusting, hateful, horrible, loathsome, repellent, repulsive
abominate [bmineit] v
,

abovesaid
abomination [ bminei()n] n
1. ; to hold a thing in
;
syn. abhorrence, aversion, detestation, disgrace, disgust, hate, hostility, loathing, repugnance, revulsion;
2.  ;
aboriginal [ brin()l] I adj
, , ;
II n ;
Aborigine [ brin ] n
abort [bt] v 1. ,

; 2. . ; 3. . ; 4.
abortion [b()n] n 1. , , ; 2. ;
3. . ; 4. .
abortionist [b(r)()nist] n
abortive [btiv] adj 1. ( ); 2. , ; an scheme
; to render
( . .);
3.
abound [band] v ;
; to in courage
; museum s with old
pictures ; syn. be plentiful, flourish, overflow, proliferate, superabound, teem
about1 [bat] I adv 1. ,
, ; to look ; rumours are ; 2. . ;
a mile ;
3. , , ;
you are right ;
it is two o'clock
; 4. ; to face ;
face! . . !; turn!
. !;  and .
; ; to be

 ;
( ); a long way
, ; II prep
1. , ; syn. all over,
around, round, throughout; 2. ;
to walk the room
; 3. , ; ; I'll see
it ; he went
his business ; syn. as regards, concerning, referring to, regarding, relating
to, with reference to; 4. ,
; ; the forests Perm
; I had all the docu
ments me
, ,
; 5. ( );
nightfall ; 6. inf.: to
be to go (to speak)
();  one
about2 [bat] v . ,

above [bv] I adv 1. ; as
stated ; syn.
aloft, on high, overhead; 2. ;
a staircase leading
() ; from ;
II prep 1. ; my head
; 2. , ;
suspicion ; it is
;
measure ; syn. beyond, exceeding, higher than, more
than, on top of, over, superior to,
upon; 3. ; ; all , ;
III adj , , ; the
facts
aboveboard [ bvb(r)d] I adv
, ; II adj , , ; syn.
candid, fair, frank, honest, open,
straight, straightforward, true, truthful, upright
aboveground [bvgrand] adv

abovesaid [ bvsed] adj


13

abracadabra
abracadabra [ brkdbr] n
1. ; 2. ,

abrade [breid] v 1. ; ; syn. erase, erode,


grind, rub off, wear away, wear down;
2. (); 3. .
abranchiate [brkit] = abran
chial
abrasion [brei ()n] n 1. ;
2. . ;
; 3. . ; , ; test
ing
abrasive [breisiv] I adj , ; II n
abraxas [brkss] n
abreast [brest] adv 1. , , ; four
; 2. . ;
3. , ; to keep
with the times

abri [br ] n
abridge [bri] v ; syn.
abbreviate, condense, contract, cut
down, decrease, digest, lessen, reduce,
shorten, summarise
abridgement [brimnt] n 1. ; syn. abstract, digest,
diminishing, outline, reduction,
restriction, resume, shortening, summary; 2.
; , ; 3. ()
abrim [brim] adj
abristle [bris()l] adj
abroach [br] adv

abroad [brd] adv ;


syn. far and wide, in foreign parts, out
of the country, overseas
abrogate [brgeit] v ,
( . .)
abrogation [ brgei()n] n , ( . .)
abrupt [brpt] adj 1. ,
; 2. ; discharge
14

absorb
. ; 3. ( , ); ( ); syn. brief, curt,
hasty, irregular, jerky, quick, rapid,
rude, sharp, snappy, sudden, swift,
uneven
abruption [brp()n] n 1. ,
; ; 2. . ()
abruptness [brptns] n 1. , ; 2. ;
3. ; 4.
()
abscess [bses] n 1. , , ; 2. .
( )
absciss [bsis] n
abscissa [bsis] n (pl sas, sae)
.
abscission [bsi()n] n ,
;
abscond [bsknd] v
(. ); , , (
); syn. bolt, disappear, escape,
flee, fly, make off, quit, run off
absence [bs()ns] n ;
syn.
defect, deficiency,
lack, need, non-attendance, non-existence, omission, unavailability, vacancy, want
absent [bs()nt] I adj 1. ; syn. away, gone, lacking,
missing, not present, out, unavailable; 2. ; syn. absentminded, day-dreaming, distracted,
dreamy, inattentive, unaware; II v: to
oneself from 
absentation [ bsntei()n] n
absentee [ bsnt ] adj
absenteeism [ bsnt iz()m] n (
. .)
absently [bsntli] adv

absentminded [bs()ntmaindid]
adj ; syn. absent, abstracted,
distracted,
dreaming,

dreamy, forgetful, impractical, inattentive, unthinking

absentmindedness [ bs()ntmaindidns] n
absinth(e) [bsin] n 1. ;
2. ,
absinthial [bsinil] adj
absinthism [bsiniz()m] n

absinthium [bsinim] n
absolute [bslt] adj 1. , , ; ; syn. categorical,
certain, complete, definite, entire,
final, pure, sure, total, unquestionable; 2. , ;
alcohol
absolutely
[bsltli]
adv
1. ; syn. categorically,
certainly, completely, definitely,
entirely, naturally, positively, surely, totally, truly, unquestionably;
2. , ;
3.
absoluteness [bsltns] n .
absolution [ bsl()n] n ,
absolutism [bsltiz()m] n .

absolutist [bsltist] n
absolutory [bslutri] adj
absolve [bzlv] v 1. ; to
of sins . ; syn.
acquit, deliver, discharge, excuse,
forgive, free, let off, liberate, loose,
pardon, release; 2. (
,
. .; from)
absonant [bsnnt] adj
absorb [bzb] v , ; ; (); ;ed in
thoughts ;
syn. assimilate, consume, digest, immerse, involve, occupy, soak up, suck
up, take in

absorbency
absorbency [bzbnsi] n

absorbent [bzbnt] I adj ; cotton wool ; carbon ; II n


,
absorber [bzb(r)] n . , ;
absorbing [bzbi] adj 1. , ; capa
city ;
2. , ; syn. amusing, captivating, engrossing, entertaining, fascinating, interesting, intriguing
absorption [bzp()n] n 1. , ; ;
; factor
; 2.
( . .)
absorptive [bzptiv] adj , ;
absquatulate [bskwuleit] v .
, ,
abstain [bstein] v
(from); to from force ; to
from drinking
; syn. avoid, cease, deny,
forbear, forgo, give up, keep from,
refrain, refuse
abstainer [bstein()r] n ( total )
abstemious [bst mjs] adj , (.
, );
abstention [bsten()n] n ; syn. abstaining, nonindulgence, refraining, restraint,
self-control, self-discipline, self-restraint
abstergent [bst:nt] I adj
; II n

abstersion [bst:()n] n ,
abstersive [bst:siv] adj

academese
abstinence [bstinns] n 1.
(from);
;
2. (. total )
abstinency [bstinnsi] n
abstinent [bstinnt] adj 1. , ; 2. ,
abstract [bstrkt] I adj , ; syn. conceptual, general, generalised, hypothetical,
theoretical, unpractical; II n 1. ; ; in
the , ;
2. , ,
( . .); III v 1. ; 2. ; ; 3. ;
abstracted [bstrktid] adj 1. ; ; 2. ,
abstractedly [bstrktidli] adv

abstractedness [bstrktidns] n

abstraction [bstrk()n] n 1. ; ; syn. concept, generalisation, hypothesis, idea,


notion, theory, thought; 2. ; 3. . ; ; of
heat

abstractionism [bstrkniz()m]
n

abstractionist [bstrknist] n

abstractive [bstrktiv] adj

abstriction [bstrik()n] n

abstruse [bstrs] adj 1.

2. .
abstrusity [bstrsti] n
absurd [bs:d] adj ,
, , ;
syn. foolish, humorous, illogical,
laughable, ridiculous, senseless, silly,
unreasonable
absurdist [bs:dist] n

absurdity [bs:diti] n ,

abubble [bb()l] adj ,

abundance [bndns] n ,

abundant [bndnt] adj , ; ; syn.


ample, bountiful, generous, in plenty,
lavish, overflowing, plentiful, profuse,
rich, teeming
abusage [bjsi] n

abuse [bjs] I v 1. ;
2. , ; ,
; syn. harm, hurt,
ill-treat, injure, insult, misapply, misuse, take advantage of, violate;
3. ( ,
); 4. . ( pass.)
; II n 1. ; 2.
; 3. ;

abusive [bjsiv] adj , ; language ;


syn. censorious, derogatory, hurtful,
injurious, insulting, offensive, rude,
scolding
abut [bt] I v , ; II n . ; ; ,
abutment [btmnt] n
abutter [bt] n
abuzz [bz] adj
abysm [biz()m] n . ,
;
abysmal [bizm()l] adj ;
abyss [bis] n 1. ;
2. ;
abyssal [bisl] adj . , ; ;
depth

abyssobenthos [ bisbens] n

acacia [kei] n
academese [ kdm z] n
15

academia

accidence

academia [ kd mi] n


academic [ kdemik] I adj 1. -

accelerative [kselrtiv] adj -

;
;
2. ; II n 1. ;
2. pl , . .
academical [kdemik()l] I adj
; ;
II n pl
academicals [ kdemiklz] n
academician [ kdmi()n] n

academicism [kdmisiz()m] n
,
academist [kdmist] n
academy [kdmi] n ,
; ( ); military ; syn. college, institute, school,
university
academyfigure [kdmi fig] n
.
acajou [k ] n
acarus [krs] n
acataleptic [ ktleptik] adj
acaudal [kdl] adj
acaulescent [ klesnt] adj
accede [ks d] v 1.
( , , ); 2. , ; to to an alliance , ;
3.
accedence [ks dns] n
accelerant [kselrnt] n . ;
accelerate [kselreit] v (); syn. advance, expedite,
forward, hasten, hurry, quicken, speed,
speed up, stimulate
accelerating [kselreiti] adj
; force
acceleration [k selrei()n] n
; of gravity

accelerator [ksel reit] n -

16

accelerogram [kselrgrm] n

accelerometer [k selrmit] n

accent I [ks()nt] n 1. ; syn. accentuation, emphasis,


force, intensity, intonation, pronunciation, pulse, rhythm, stress, tone;
2. , ; 3. pl
. , ; II [ksent] v
1. , ;
2. ; 3. .
accentual [ksenul] adj , ;
prosody
accentuate [ksenu eit] v 1. ; 2. .
accentuation [k senuei()n] n
1. ; 2. .
; 3.
accentuator [ksenueit] n
accept [ksept] v 1. ; to
an offer ;
syn. acquire, get, gain, obtain,
receive, take; 2. ; ; ; I the cor
rectness of your statement ; syn. acknowledge, admit,
agree to, approve, believe, consent to,
put up with, recognise; 3.
; 4. .
();  to the fact
acceptability [k septbilti] n

acceptable [kseptb()l] adj


1. ; syn. adequate,
admissible, all right, moderate, passable, satisfactory, suitable, tolerable;
2. ,

acceptance [kseptns] n ,

acceptation [ kseptei()n] n

accepted [kseptid] adj , ; the


rules of the game ; syn. acknowledged, admitted, common, customary, established, received, recognised, standard,
traditional, usual
acceptive [kseptiv] adj
acceptor [ksept] n .
access [kses] n 1. ; easy of
; syn. admission, admittance, door, entering, entrance,
entry; 2. ; ; syn.
path, road; 3. (, ); 4.: time
;

accessary [ksesri] I n 1. ; 2. ; ; II adj , ; (. acces


sory)
accessibility [k sesbilti] n
accessible [ksesb()l] adj 1. ;
;
syn.
achievable, approachable, near, obtainable, reachable, ready; 2. ; ; to
bribery
accession [kse()n] n
( )
accessorial [ kssril] adj
accessory [ksesri] I adj 1. ; ; ; 2. . ;
3. ; II n
1. . ; 2. pl the s
;
accidence [ksidns] n 1. .
; 2. ,
 ; 3.

accident
accident [ksid()nt] n ; syn. casualty, crash,
disaster, fate, misadventure, mischance, misfortune
accidental
[ ksident()l] adj
1. ; syn. casual, chance,
haphazard, incidental, uncalculated,
unexpected, unforeseen, unintentional, unplanned, unpremeditated;
2.

accidentalism [ ksidentliz()m]
n
accidentally [ ksident()li] adv

accidie [ksidi] n
accipiter [ksipit] n
accipitral [ksipitrl] adj
acclaim [kleim] I v 1. ,
;
; syn.
applaud, celebrate, cheer, clap, exalt,
hail, honour, praise, salute, welcome;
2. ; II n .
acclamation [ klmei()n] n
; carried (
voted) by

acclamatory [klmtri] adj
acclimatation [ klaimtei()n] n

acclimate [klimeit] = acclima


tize
acclimation [ klimei()n] = ac
climatization

acclimatization [ klaimtaizei()n]
n .

acclimatize [klaim taiz] v . ; .


acclivity [klivti] n , ,
acclivous [klaivs] adj ;

accommodate
[km deit] v
1. ; 2. ; to

accoucheur
one with a loan  ; 3. ; (); ; syn. board,
house, lodge, put up, shelter; 4. ; (); ; syn. compose, harmonise,
modify, reconcile, settle
accommodating [km deiti] adj

accommodation [ kmdei()n] n
1. ; 2. ;
3. , ; ;
; ; syn. bed and
breakfast, dwelling, house, housing,
lodgings, residence

accommodationladder [kmdei()n ld] n .

accommodationtrain [ kmdei()ntrein] n .

accommodative [km deitiv] adj

accompaniment [kmp()nimnt]
n 1. ; syn. background, backup, complement, support; 2. .
accompanist [kmpnist] n
accompany [kmp()ni] v 1. , ; 2. .

accompanyist [kmpniist] n
accomplice [kmplis] n (); syn. accessory,
assistant,
collaborator,
conspirator, helper, participator, partner
accompliceship [kmplisip] n
accomplish [kmpli] v , ; syn. achieve,
carry out, complete, conclude, do,
execute, fulfil, perform, produce,
realise
accomplished [kmplit] adj
1. , ; an
fact ; vi

olinist ;
2. , ;
accomplishment [kmplimnt] n
; , ; syn. achievement, carrying
out, completion, conclusion, doing,
execution, finishing, fulfilment, production, realisation
accord [kd] I n 1. ; ; of one's own ; with one ; of its
own ; 2. ;
3. . , ; II v
1. , ,
; 2. ,
; to a hearty welcome

accordance [kd()ns] n ; in with ,

accordant [kdnt] adj


according [kdi] adv
(to); ,
(as); to him ; to
Reuter

accordingly [kdili] adv , ;


; syn. as a result, consequently, correspondingly, in accordance, in consequence, so, suitably,
therefore, thus
according to [kdi t] prp
( )
accordion [kdin] n . ;
accordionist [kdinist] n
accost [kst] I n ; II v
1. ;
; ;
2.  (.
); 3. .
accouchement [kmnt] . n
,
accoucheur [ k:] . n
17

accoucheuse
accoucheuse [ k:z] . n

account [kant] I n 1. , ; for of (


); on
; current ;
joint ; to keep s
. ; to settle, to
square s ;
; syn. balance, bill, charge,
check, computation, inventory, invoice, reckoning, register, score, tab;
2. ; ; to give
an of ; to give a
good of oneself
; 3. ; ; by all s ;
4. , ; to leave out
of ;
not to hold of much ; to take into
, ;
5. , ; on of
, ; on no
; 6. , ; of no , of small . , ; 7. ,
; to turn to , ; to turn a
thing to 
;  to call to
,
; on one's own
; to hand in
one's . ; on some
one's ; II v ; I myself happy ; to for
, ; ;
this s for his behaviour

accountability [ kantbilti] n

accountable [kantb()l] adj


accountancy [kantnsi] n
accountant [kantnt] n 1. ; general ; 2. .
18

accuser
accountantship [kantnip] n

accounting [kanti] n . ;

accoutre [kt] v , ,

accoutrement [ktrmnt] n

accoutrements [ktrmn] n pl
. (. .
)
accredit [kredit] v 1. ; ( ); 2. (to, with); 3. ,
()
accreditation [ kreditei()n] n

accredited [kreditid] adj , ;


syn. approved, authorised, certified, commissioned, guaranteed,
licensed, official, recognised, sanctioned
accrementition [ kriminti()n] n

accrescence [kresns] n
accrescency [kresnsi] n
accrescent [kresnt] adj
accrete [kr t] I v 1. ;
2. ; II adj .
accretion [kr ()n] n
accretive [kr tiv] adj
accrual [krl] n
accrue [kr] v 1. ,
; ; d inter
est ; 2.  (to);
3. (from)
acculturation [ klrei()n] n

accumulate [kjmju leit] v 1. , ; ; ; syn. amass,
assemble, collect, gather, hoard,

multiply, pile up, store; 2. a


accumulation [ kjmjlei()n] n
; syn. assembly, buildup,
collection, gathering, growth, heap,
hoard, increase, mass, pile, stockpile,
store
accumulative [kjmjltiv] adj
1. a; forma
tions . ; 2. = cumulative
accumulator [kjmjleit] n .

accuracy [kjrsi] n ,
; ; of
fire . ,
; syn. carefulness, correctness, exactness, faithfulness, precision, tightness, truth, validity
accurate [kjrt] adj ;
to 3 places of decimals ; syn. correct, exact, factual, just, precise, regular, right, strict, truthful, well-judged,
word-perfect
accurateness [kjrtns] n
accursed [k:sid] adj 1. ; 2. ,
accusal [kjzl] n
accusant [kjznt] n
accusation [ kjzei()n] n 1. ; syn. allegation, blame,
charge, complaint, denouncement,
impeachment, incrimination; 2. .

accusative [kjztiv] adj (n) ()
accusatorial [ kjztril] adj
.
accusatory [kjztri] = ac
cusatorial
accuse [kjz] v ; syn.
allege, blame, censure, charge,
denounce, impeach, incriminate,
inculpate, indict, inform against,
recriminate
accused [kjzd] n
accuser [kjz] n

accusing
accusing [kjzi] adj

accustom [kstm] v ; to
oneself to ,

accustomed
[kstmd]
adj
1. , ; syn.
acquainted, adapted, established,
fixed, used; 2. , ; syn. customary, everyday, familiar, habitual, ordinary, usual
ace [eis] n 1. ; 2. . ;
3. , ";
. .;
4. ; ; with
in an of ,
acedia [ sdi] n ,
acellular [eiseljl] adj
acentric [sentrik] adj
acequia [seiki] n

acerate [sreit] adj


acerb [s:b] adj
acerbity [s:bti] n 1. ;
2. ,
acerdese [s:d s] n
acerose [srs] adj
acervate [s:veit] adj
acescense [sesns] n
acescent [sesnt] adj
acetabular [ sitbjl] adj
acetabulum [ sitbjlm] n
acetaldehyde [ sitldihaid] n

acetanilid(e) [ sitnilaid] n
acetate [steit] n . ,
acetic [s tik] adj ;
acid
acetification [ s tifikei()n] n

acetify [setifai] v . ();


acetimeter [ sitimit] n

acknowledgement
acetone [sitn] n
acetose [sits] adj
acetous [sits] adj ;

acetum [sitm] n
acetyl [sitil] n
acetylene [setl n] n ;
welding

acetylide [setilaid] n

ache [eik] I n (. -, ); syn. hurt,


pain, pang, soreness, sorrow, suffering;
II v 1. ; my head s ; syn. be sore,
hurt, itch, pain, sorrow, suffer;
2. ,

acheless [eikls] adj
achene [k n] n
achievability [  vbiliti] n
achievable [ vb()l] adj
achieve [ v] v ; ; to one's pur
pose, one's aim ;
syn. accomplish, acquire, attain, carry
out, complete, fulfil, gain, get, manage, obtain, reach, win
achievement [ vmnt] n ,
achordate [kdeit] adj
achromate [krmeit] n
achromatic [ krmtik] adj
1. , ,
; 2. .
achromaticity [ krmtisti] n

achromatism [krmtiz()m] n
,
achromic [krmik] adj
achy [eiki] adj
acicula [sikjl] n (.)

acicular [sikjl] adj (.)

acid [sid] I n 1. ; test


; .
; value ; 2. .
; II adj 1. ;
looks ; syn. acerbic,
biting, bitter, harsh, sharp, sour, stinging, vinegary; 2. . ,
; radical
acidic [sidik] adj
acidification [ sidifikei()n] n

acidify [sidi fai] v . 1. ; 2. ()


acidimeter [ sidimit] n
acidity [sidti] n . 1. ; 2.
acidulant [sidjlnt] n
acidulated [sidjleitid] adj 1. ; 2. . ,

acidulous [sidjls] adj ,


acinaciform [sinsifm] adj
acinar [sin] adj
acinose [sins] adj
acknowledge [knli] v 1. ; , ; syn.
accept, admit, allow, concede,
confess, declare, grant, recognise;
2. ; to the receipt
; syn. answer, confirm, reply to, respond to;
3. ( 
); ( )

acknowledgement [knlimnt]
n 1. ; syn. acceptance,
admission, confession, recognition;

2. ;
; 3. ; ; syn. affirmation, appreciation, gratitude, reaction, thanks,
tribute; 4. ;
5.
19

acme

acroterium

acme [kmi] n 
; ;
of perfection
acne [kni] n .
acock [kk] adv
acockbill [kkbil] adv
acolyte [klait] n 1. . , ; 2. .
,
aconite [knait] n
acorn [eikn] n
acosmic [kzmik] adj
acosmism [kzmiz()m] n
acoumeter [kmit] n
acoustextile [ kstekstail] n
acoustic [kstik] adj ,
acoustician [ ksti()n] n
acoustics [kstiks] n

acoustochemistry [ kstkemistri]
n

acoustooptics [ kstptiks] n

acoustoscopy

[ kstskpi]

acquaint [kweint] v 1. ;
to oneself with
; to be ed with ; 2. ,
acquaintance
[kweintns] n
1. ; make an of ; speaking , ; ;
syn. associate, association, companionship, experience, familiarity,
friend, knowledge, relationship, understanding; 2.

acquaintanceship [kweintnsip]
n

acquainted [kweintid] adj ( , )

acquest [kwest] n
acquiesce [ kwies] v


acquiescence [ kwiesns] n ,
20

;
syn. acceptance,
agreement, approval, consent, giving in, obedience, submission,
yielding
acquiescent [ kwies()nt] adj ,
acquire [kwai] v 1. ; syn. achieve, appropriate, attain, earn, gain, gather, get, obtain,
pick up, receive, win; 2. ;
(
. .)
acquirement
[kwaimnt] n
1. ; 2. ;
3. pl , ( )
acquisition [ kwizi()n] n (
); syn. achievement, appropriation, attainment, buy, gain,
possession
acquisitive [kwiztiv] adj 1. ; 2.
acquisitiveness [kwizitivns] n

acquit [kwit] v 1.
( ; of); 2.
( .; of,
from); syn. absolve, clear, deliver,
discharge, dismiss, free, fulfil, liberate, release; 3. (, );
; to oneself of a promi
se ; to one
self well (ill)
()
acquittal [kwit()l] n 1. .
; 2. (
); 3. ( . .)
acquittance [kwitns] n 1. , ;
; 2.
. .
acre [eik] n ( 0,4 );
broad s ;
God's
acreage [eikri] n

acrid [krid] adj 1. ,


( , ); ;
2. ( );
acridity [kridti] n .
acrimonious [ krimnis] adj
1. ( ); , ; syn.
abusive, biting, bitter, cutting,
ill-tempered, sharp, virulent; 2.
acrimony [krimni] n 1. ,
; 2.
acrobat [kr bt] n
acrobatic [ krbtik] adj
acrobatics [ krbtiks] n pl
(. sing) ; aer
ial . ;
acrography [krgrfi] n

acrolect [krlekt] n
acrolein [krliin] n
acrolith [krli] n
acronym [krnim] n
acrophobe [krfb] n
acrophobia [krfbi] n
acrophony [krfni] n
acropolis [krplis] n (pl ses,
leis)
acrospire [krspai] n

across [krs] I adv 1. ;
; 2. , ; with arms ;
II prp , ; country
; ; lots . ; to
come, to run ;
() ; to get a
person ; to
put . (
); to put it (a per
son) ;
;
acrostic [krstik] n
acroterium [ krterim] n

acrotism
acrotism [krtiz()m] n

acrylic [krilik] I n ; II adj

act [kt] I n 1. , ; of
God . ;
caught in the (very) of commit
ting a crime
; syn. accomplishment, achievement, action, deed,
doing, exploit, feat, operation, step,
undertaking; 2. , (, ); syn.
bill, decree, edict, law, resolution; 3. , ; and deed
, ; 4. ( );
syn. performance, sketch, turn; II v
1. , ;
; to up to a promise ; the brake refused
to ; syn.
carry out, do, execute, function,
make, work; 2. ; 3. .
; to the part of Othello
; to a part
, ; syn.
enact, imitate, perform, play, portray,
pretend, represent
actable [ktb()l] adj
actigraph [ktigrf] n

acting [kti] I adj


; manager ; II n . 1. ; 2.
actinia [ktini] n
actinium [ktinim] n .
actinolite [ktinlait] n
actinometer [ ktinmit] n

actinomycosis [ ktinmaiksis]
n

actinotherapy [ ktinerpi] n

actinouranium [ ktinjreinim] n
action [k()n] n 1. , ; . ; ;

acupressure
to take prompt ; s speak louder than
words . ,
; syn. accomplishment,
act, activity, deed, endeavour, functioning, operation, performance,
process, work; 2. ; of
the heart ;
a man of ;
3. , ; ; 4. ; in
actionable [k()nb()l] adj

actionist [k()nist]

activate [kti veit] v .
activated [ktiveitid] adj
activation [ ktivei()n] n
activator [ktiveit] n
active [ktiv] adj 1. ;
, , ;
to become ;
2. ; 3. ; forces ;
service ; .
;
voice . ; 4. . ,
actively [ktivli] adv
activist [ktivist] n () ,
activity [ktivti] n ;
; : in the
world market ; syn. action, business, bustle, exertion, hustle, labour,
life, liveliness, mobility, motion,
movement
actograph [ktgrf] n
actor [kt] n ; a bad .
.
actorish [ktri] adj
actress [ktrs] n

actressy [ktrisi] adj


actual [kul] adj 1.
; ;
; speed
, ; .
; capital ; syn. confirmed,
current, existent, factual, live, living,
present, present-day, real, true, verified; 2. , ; the
position , ()
actualism [kuliz()m] n
actualist [kulist] n
actuality [ kulti] n 1. ; 2. ;
( ); syn. fact, factuality,
reality, realness, substantiality, truth,
verity
actualization [ kulaizei()n] n

actualize [kulaiz] v 1. ; ;
2.
( )
actually [ktuli] adv 1. , ; syn. as a matter of fact, as it happens, indeed, in
fact, in reality, in truth, really, truly;
2.
actuary [kturi] n
,
actuate [kueit] v

actuation [ kei()n] n
acuate [kjit] adj
acuity [kjti] n 1. ; 2. ()
aculeate [kjliit] adj
acumen [kjmen] n , ; syn. astuteness, insight, intuition, keenness,
penetration, perception, shrewdness,
wisdom, wit
acuminate [kjmint] adj .

acupressure [kj pre] n



21

acupunctural
acupunctural

[kj pk()rl]

adj

acupuncture [ kjpk] n

acupuncturist [ kjpkrist] n

acutance [kjtns] n
acute [kjt] adj (, ,
), ; syn.
cutting, extreme, grave, intense, serious, severe, sharp, violent, astute, judicious, keen, penetrating, perceptive,
shrewd
acyclic [saiklik] adj
adage [di] n () ,
adamant [dmnt] I n 1. ;
2. . , ; will of ;
3. adj ; to en
treaties ; syn. determined, firm, fixed,
immovable, inflexible, stubborn,
unbending, uncompromising, unshakeable
adamantine [ dmntain] I adj
1. ;
; 2. :
II n .
( )
adamsite [dmsait] n
adangle [dgl] adj
adapt [dpt] v 1. , , (to,
for); to oneself , ; syn. adjust, alter,
change, fashion, fit, harmonise, modify, remodel, shape, suit; 2. ; to a novel

adaptability [ dptbilti] n ;
adaptable [dptb()l] adj

adaptation [ dptei()n] n , ; syn.


adjustment, alteration, change, modification, refitting, remodelling, transformation
22

adduction
adaptative [dpttiv] adj

adapter [dpt(r)] n 1. . ; ;
; ,
; 2. . 
adaption [dp()n] n
adaptive [dptiv] adj
adaptor [dpt(r)] n
add [d] v 1. , ; this s to the expense
; to fuel to
the fire, to the flame . ; syn. affix,
annex, attach, join, reckon, sum up,
tot up, total; 2. . ;
in ; to ,
; together, up
,
addend [dend] n
addenda [dend] n l
addendum [dendm] n (pl da)
, ( )
adder [d] n 1. ; 2. . ;
flying ; 's tongue
addict [dikt] I v: to oneself to
; he is
much ed to drink
; II n ; cocaine
addicted [diktid] adj
(. , )
addiction [dik()n] n
,
addictive [diktiv] adj ( , . .)
additament [ditmnt] n
addition [di()n] n 1. , ; in to , , ,
; syn. accession, adding,
enlargement, extension, increase, supplement; 2. . ; 3. .

additional [di()nl] adj ,


;
charges ;
syn. added, appended, extra, further,
more, new, other, spare, supplementary
additive [dtiv] n
additivity [ ditivti] n
additory [ditri] adj
addle [d()l] I adj 1. , ( ); egg
; 2. . , ;
brained , ; ; head, pate
;
; II v 1. ,
( ); 2. . , ; to one's head, one's brain
, ( 
)
address [dres] I n 1. ;
; syn. speech, talk; 2. ;
syn. direction, home, house, inscription, location, place; 3. , ; 4. pl ; to pay
one's es to a lady
; II v 1. ; ; 2. ,
; to a meeting ; to
oneself to ;
; syn. approach, greet, hail, lecture, salute,
speak to, talk to; 3.

addressable [dresb()l] adj
addressee [ dres ] n
addresser [dres(r)] n
addressless [dresls] adj
adduce [djs] v ( )
adducent [djsnt] adj
adduction [dk()n] n 1. (, );
2. . ()

adductor
adductor [dkt] n .

ademption [demp()n] n
adenine [dn n] n
adenitis [ dnaitis] n
adenoid [dnid] adj

adenoidectomy [ dnidektmi]
n

adenoids [dinids] n pl .

adenology [ dnli] n

adenoma [ dnm] n
adenovirus [ dnvairs] n

adephagia [ dfei] n

adept [dept] I adj ; II n


1. , ; syn. able,
accomplished, experienced, expert,
practised, proficient, skilled; 2. .
;
adequacy [dikwsi] n , , ,

adequate [dikwt] adj 1. , ; defini


tion ; syn.
acceptable, enough, fit, presentable,
respectable, satisfactory, sufficient,
suitable, tolerable; 2. ;
3. ,

adequation [ dikwei()n] n
adequative [dik wtiv] adj
adhere [dhi] v 1. ,
; syn. attach, fasten,
fix, glue, join, link, stick; 2. ,
();
( . .); syn. abide
by, agree, follow, keep, obey, observe,
respect, stand by; 3. . ; to to a wish
adherence [dhirns] n 1. ; ; to specifi

adjuster
cation
; 2. .
adherent [dhirnt] I adj ,
; ;
II n ; syn. admirer, advocate, devotee, fan, follower, satellite,
supporter, upholder
adhesion [dh n] n
adhesive [dh siv] adj ,
; ; power
..
adhesiveness
[dh sivns]
n
1. , ; 2. .

adiaphorism [ difrizm] n
adiaphorist [ difrist] n
adiathermancy [ di:mnsi] n

adieu [dj] . I int ();


II n ; to make, to take
one's
adipoma [ dipm] n
adipose [dips] I adj ., .
; , ; II n

adiposis [ dipsis] n
adiposity [ dipsti] n ,

adipsy [dipsi] n

adit [dit] n 1. , ;
2. ; 3. . ,

adither [di] adj


adjacence [eisns] n
adjacency [eis()nsi] n 1. ; ; 2. pl
adjacent [eis()nt] adj , , (to);
villages ;
angle .
adjectival [ iktaiv()l] adj .

adjective [iktiv] I n ; II adj
adjoin [in] v 1. ,
, ; syn. add,

annex, attach, border, connect, join,


link, touch, unite; 2. . ,
adjoining [ini] adj , ,
adjoint [int] adj
adjourn [:n] v
adjournment [:nmnt] n ;
adjudge [] v 1.
; to one guilty

;
2. ()
adjudg(e)ment [mnt] n ; ;
adjudicate [dikeit] v ;
(upon);
adjudication [ dikei()n] n

adjudicator [dikeit] n
adjudicatory [diktri] adj

adjunct [kt] n ,

adjunction [k()n] n
adjunctive [ktiv] adj
adjuration
[ rei()n]
n
1. , ; 2.
adjure [] v 1. , ; 2.
adjust [st] v
; syn. accommodate, adapt,
balance, fit, fix, regulate, settle,
suit
adjustability [ stbilti] n
adjustable [stb()l] adj , ;
bookshelf
; syn. adaptable, alterable, flexible, modifiable,
movable
adjuster [st] n . 1. , ; 2. ;
3. ; bolt

23

adjusting
adjusting [sti] adj . ; ; de
vice ,
; shop ; ;
tool
adjustment [s(t)mnt] n 1. ; 2. . ,
; , ;
syn. adaptation, fitting, fixing, modification, regulation, settlement;
3. . ; in di
rection ; in range
; of sight .
adjustor [st] n
adjutancy [tnsi] n ,

adjutant [tnt] n 1. ;
2. .
adjuvancy [vnsi] n
adjuvant [vnt] n
adman [dmn] n

admass [dms] n

admeasure [dme ] v ,
,
admeasurement [dme mnt] n

adminicle [dminikl] n
adminicular [ dminikjl] adj

administer [dminist(r)] v , ; syn. control,


head, lead, manage, organise, regulate, rule, supervise
administerial [d ministiril] adj

administrant [dministrnt] adj

administrate [dministreit] v .
;

administration [d ministrei()n]
n 1. , ; syn. direction, directorship,
governing, governing body, govern24

admixture
ment, management, organisation,
ruling; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5. ,

administrative [dministrtiv] adj


1. ; ; troops
.  ; 2.
( )
administrator [dministreit] n
1. , ;
,
( . .); 2. .

administratrix [dministreitriks] n
(pl es, ices) 
admirable [dm()rb()l] adj
,
,
; syn. excellent, exquisite, praiseworthy, superior, wonderful
admiral [dm()rl] n 1. ;
Admiral of the Fleet, . Admi
ral of the Navy ,
; RearAdmiral
; ViceAdmiral ; 2.
Admiralty [dm()rlti] n ; (); First Lord of
the ();
mile
(= 1853,248 )
admiration
[ dmrei()n] n
1. , ; note
of ;
syn.
amazement, appreciation,
astonishment, delight, pleasure,
surprise, wonder; 2.
admire [dmai(r)] v 1. , (. .); syn.
adore, appreciate, approve, esteem,
praise, respect, value, worship; 2. .
( );
I should to know

admirer [dmair(r)] n , ; syn. adherent,


enthusiast, fan, follower, lover, supporter
admissibility [d misbilti] n
admissible [dmisb()l] adj , ; syn.
acceptable, allowed, justifiable, legitimate, passable, permissible, permitted
admission [dmi()n] n 1. ;
; fee ;
; by ticket
; syn. access, admittance,
entrance, entry; 2. ; syn.
acceptance, affirmation, allowance,
introduction, revelation; 3. . ; 4. . ;
(, ); space
admissive [dmisiv] adj
admit [dmit] v 1. ;
; to be ted to the
bar
; syn. accept,
acknowledge, allow, allow to enter,
give access, introduce, let in, receive,
recognise, reveal; 2. (of);
the question s of no delay
; 3. ( );
4. , ; this,
I , is true ,

admittable [dmitb()l] adj


admittance [dmit()ns] n 1. , ; ;
no ! !; syn.
acceptance, access, admitting, allowing, entrance, entry, reception; 2. .

admittedly [dmitidli] adv ,
admix [dmiks] v (); ()
admixture [dmiks(r)] n ,

admonish
admonish [dmni] v

admonishment [dmnimnt] n
1. ; ;
2. ,
admonition [ dmni()n] = ad
monishment

admonitive [dmnitiv] adj

admonitory [dmnitri] adj ;

adnation [dnei()n] n
adnexa [dneks] n
ado [d] n 1. , ;
much about nothing ; without more (
further) ; 2. ; with much

adobe [dbi] n 1. , , ;
2. ,
adolescence
[ dles()ns]
n
; syn. boyhood, childishness,
girlhood, immaturity, teens, youth,
youthfulness
adolescent [ dles()nt] I adj
; ; river .
; II n ; ;
adopt [dpt] v 1. ;
2. ; ; to an
other course of action ; to the atti
tude ; syn. accept,
assume, choose, maintain, ratify,
select, support, take care of, take
in; 3. (
)
adoptability [ dptbilti] n
adoptable [dptb()l] adj
adoptee [ dpt ] . n
adopter [dpt] n
adoption [dp()n] n 1. ; 2. , ; -

adunc
; 3. . (
)
adoptive [dptiv] adj 1. , ; 2. ,
adorable [drb()l] adj ; ,
adoral [drl] adj
adoration [ drei()n] n ; ; syn. admiration,
devotion, doting, honour, love, reverence, veneration, worship
adore [d(r)] v ; ;
syn. admire, cherish,
exalt, extol, glorify, hold dear, honour, idolise, love, revere, venerate,
worship
adorer [dr] n ,
adorn [dn] v
adornment [dnmnt] n
adorno [dn] n
adoze [dz] adj
adperson [d p:sn] n

adrenal [dr n()l] I adj ; II n
adrenalectomy [ dr nlektmi] n

adrenalin [drenlin] n
adrenolytic [ dr nlitik] adj
adrift [drift] adv ;
; to cut ; he cut himself from his
relatives ; to go ; to turn
; ;
adroit [drit] adj , ,
adroitness [dritns] n
adroop [drp] adj
adscititious [ dsitis] adj , ; evi
dence

adscription [dskrip()n] n

adulation [ djlei()n] n ,

adulator [djleit] n
adulatory [djleitri] adj

adult [dlt] adj (n) , , (); syn. developed, fully grown,


grown-up, mature, of age, ripe
adulterant [dltrnt] n
adulterate [dltreit] I v ; ; d
milk ; II adj
1. ; 2. ; 3. ,
adulteration [ dltrei()n] n
, ;
adulterer [dltr] n

adulteress [dltrs] n . .
adulterer
adulterine [dltrain] adj
adultery [dlt()ri] n ,
,

adulthood [dlt hd] n

adumbral [dmbrl] adj


adumbrant [dmbrnt] adj
adumbrate [dmbreit] v 1.
; ; 2. , ; 3. ,

adumbration [ dmbrei()n] n
1. , ; 2.
; 3.
adumbrative [dmbrtiv] adj
adunation [ djnei()n] n
adunc [dk] adj
25

adust
adust [dst] adj . 1. , ; 2. ; 3. ;
advance [dvns] I v 1. ; ;2.
, ; syn. flourish,
go ahead, go forward, improve, move
on, proceed, progress; 3. (); () ( , ); the bank has d
the rate of discount to 5%
% ; 4. (, ); syn. bring forward, offer,
present, provide, submit, suggest;
5. ; ; II n 1. ; ; syn. breakthrough, development, headway, improvement,
increase, progress; 2. ; ; ; 3. ; ;
notes . ;
syn. credit, deposit, loan, prepayment, profit; 4. (
, . .); 5. ; 6. . ,
;  copy .
; in , ; in of ,
; to make s , ; 

advanced [dvnst] adj 1. ; guard ;


2. ; syn. ahead, forward,
forward-looking, leading, original,
progressive; 3. ( ); studies
;  in years

advancement [dvnsmnt] n
, , ;
syn. advance, development, forward movement, gain, headway,
improvement, progress, promotion,
rise
advantage [dvnti] I n , , ; to gain
an over 
; to have the of 26

advice
; to
take of ; to
take of a person , ; to take a
person at 
; to , ;
syn. benefit, gain, good, help, profit, superiority, upper hand, use,
usefulness; II v , ; ,
; ,

advantageous [ dvnteis] adj


, , ; syn. beneficial, favourable,
gainful, profitable, rewarding, worthwhile
advent [dvnt] n 1. (Advent) .
; 2. , ;
3. (Advent) .

adventist [dventist] n
adventitious [ dvntis] adj
1. ; 2. ;
adventive [dventiv] adj
adventure [dven] n ; story ; syn. chance, hazard, incident,
occurrence, risk, venture
adventurer [dven()r(r)] n ,
adventuress [dvenrs] n ,
adventurism [dvenriz()m] n

adventurist [dvenrist] adj

adventurous [dvenrs] adj


1. , ; ; 2. ,
adverb [dv:b] n
adverbial [dv:bil] adj
adverbiality [d v:bilti] n
adversaria [ dvseri] n

adversary [dvs()ri] n , ; syn. antagonist, attacker, competitor, contestant, enemy,


opponent, rival
adversative [dv:stiv] adj 1.

( , ), 2. . ()
adverse [dv:s] adj ; syn. antagonistic, disadvantageous, hostile, hurtful, opposing,
opposite, unfavourable, unfriendly,
unlucky
adversity [dv:sti] n ,
, ; syn. affliction, bad luck, catastrophe, hardship,
ill-fortune, ill-luck, misfortune, sorrow, suffering, trouble
advert [dv:t] v ; , ; to
to other matters

advertence, advertency [dv:tns, -si] n

advertent [dv:tnt] adj

advertise [dv taiz] v ,


; ;
; to for
; syn. announce, broadcast, declare, inform,
make known, notify, promote, publicise, publish
advertisement [dv:tismnt] n
; ; ; syn.
ad, advert, announcement, commercial, handout, notice, promotion,
propaganda, publicity
advertiser [dvtaiz] n 1. ,
; 2. ; 3.
advertising [dvtaizi] n ,
advertize [dvtaiz] = advertise
advice [dvais] n 1. ; syn.
help, information, notice, opinion, recommendation, suggestion,
warning; 2. (,

advisability
); 3. ; 4.
advisability [d vaizbilti] n
advisable [dvaizb()l] adj ; ;
advise [dvaiz] v 1. ;
syn. caution, commend, counsel, forewarn, guide, instruct, recommend, suggest, tell, warn;
2. ; 3. ,
; to with
 (  ; on,
about)
advised [dvaizd] adj 1. ; 2. , ; well ; ill

advisedly [dvaizidli] adv 1. ; 2.


advisement [dvaizmnt] n
adviser [dvaiz] n , ; legal ;
medical ; syn. aide, consultant, counsellor, guide, helper, instructor
advisor [dvaiz] n
advisory [dvaiz()ri] adj
advocacy [dvksi] n 1. ;
2. ( ,
. .)
advocate I [dvkeit] n 1. , ( .);
syn. defender, promoter, speaker,
spokesman, supporter, upholder;
2. (. );
Lord Advocate . ; syn. attorney, barrister, counsel, counsellor, lawyer;
II [dvkt] v ; ( ,
. .); syn. argue for,
campaign for, defend, favour, promote, support
advocation [ dvkei()n] n

aeromodeller
advocatory [dvkeitri] adj

adwoman [dwmn] n

adyta [dit] n

adytum [ditm] n
aedicule [edikjl] n

aegean [  n] adj
aegis [ is] n ,
aegrotat [aigrtt] n
(. , )
aelurophobe [eilrfb] n
Aeolian [ilin] : harp

aeon [ n] n 1. ; 2. .

aeonian [ nin] adj


aerate [ereit] v 1. ,
; 2. ; d
water
aeration [erei()n] n 1. ,
; of the soil
; 2.
aerator [ereit] n

aerial [eril] I adj 1. ,


; mapping ; survey
; wire ; 2. . ; II n
aerialist [erilist] n

aeriality [ erilti] n
aerie [iri] n 1.
(. . ); 2. (
)
aerification [ erifikei()n] n
aeriform [erifm] adj 1. , ; body ; 2. .
aerify [erifai] v 1.
; 2.

aerobatics [ erbtiks] n (.
sing) ,
aerobe [erb] n
aerobic [erbik] adj ( )
aerobics [erbiks] n
aerobiology [ erbaili] n

aerobiosis [ erbaisis] n
aerobiotic [ erbaitik] adj

aerobomb [erbm] n
aerobus [erbs] n
aerocamera [ erkmr] n

aerocar [erk] n

aerodrome [erd rm] n
aerodynamic [ erdainmik] adj

aerodynamics [ erdainmiks] n

aeroengine [ erenin] n ,
aerogel [erel] n
aerogenic [ erenik] adj
aerogram [ergrm] n
aerograph [ergrf] n
aerography [ergrfi] n
aerojet [eret] adj 

aerolite [erlait] n ,
aerolith [erli] n
aerologic [ erlik] adj
aerology [erli] n
aeromechanic [ ermiknik] n

aeromechanics [ ermikniks] n

aerometer [ermit] n
aerometry [ermitri] n
aeromodeller [ ermdl] n

27

aeronaut
aeronaut [ernt] n ;

aeronautic [erntik] adj

aeronautics [ erntiks] n

aeronavigation [er nvigei()n]


n

aeronavigator [ ernvigeit] n


aerophobe [erfb] n
aerophobia [ erfbi] n

aerophone [erfn] n 1. ; 2. ;


aerophysics [ erfiziks] n

aeroplane [er plein] n ,


; shed
aerosiderite [ ersaidrait] n
aerosiderolite [ ersaidrlait] n

aerosol [era sl] n
aerosoloscope [ erslskp] n

aerospace [er speis] n


aerosphere [ersfi] n
aerostat [erstt] n ;

aerostatic [ ersttik] adj
aerostatics [ ersttiks] n 1. ; 2.
aerostation [ erstei()n] n
aerotechnics [ ertekniks] n

aerothermodynamics [er :mdainmiks] n

aerotrain [ertrein] n

aery [iri] = aerie


aesthete [ s t] n
aesthetic [ setik] adj

aesthetician [ stin] n
28

affirmation
aestheticism [ setisizm] n

aesthetics [ setiks] n
aether [ ] n
aethereal [ iril] adj
aethrioscope [ riskp] n

aetiologic [ tilik] adj

aetiology [ ti li] n ,


(. )
afar [f] adv (.
off); , (.
from )
affability [ fbilti] n ; ;
affable [fb()l] adj ; ;
affair [fe] n 1. ; it is an of
a few days
; mind your own s .
; of hon
our , ; syn. activity,
business, concern; 2. pl , ; a man of s ;
3. ,
affect1 I n [fekt] . ;
II v [fekt] 1. ( 
); , ;
2. ( ); ed by
cold
affect2 [fekt] v ,
; to ignorance
,
affectation [ fektei()n] n 1. ;
2. , , (, )
affected [fektid] adj 1. ;
; 2. , ,
affection [fek()n] n 1. (towards; pl);
the object of his s
; syn. devotion, feeling,
fondness, inclination, liking, love,
partiality,
passion,
tenderness;

2. ; mental
affectional [fek()nl] adj
affectionate [fek()nt] adj ; ; an farewell
; syn. amiable,
caring, doting, fond, loving, tender,
warm-hearted
affective [fektiv] adj
affiance [fains] I n . 1. (  in, on); 2. ; II v
( );
they were d
affiant [faint] n

affidavit [ fideivit] n . .
; to swear, to make an
, take
an (. . )

affiliable [filib()l] adj


affiliate [filieit] v
affiliation [ filiei()n] n 1. 
; 2. .;
3. fee
affinage [fini] n
affinal [fainl] n
affinitive [finitiv] adj
affinity [finti] n 1. ;
2. , , (with, between);
3. ; 4. ; 5. .
affirm [f:m] v 1. ;
2. ; syn. assert, confirm, corroborate, declare, maintain,
swear, testify, witness
affirmance [f:mns] n
affirmant [f:mnt] adj
affirmation
[ fmei()n]
n
1. ; 2. ;
syn. assertion, confirmation, corroboration, ratification, statement, witness

affirmative

after

affirmative [f:mtiv] I adj -

afforestation [ fristei()n] n -

afraid [freid] adj ; to

; syn. agreeing, approving, confirming, corroborative,


positive; II n: to answer in the

affirmatory
[f:mtri]
adj

affix [fiks] I v 1. (to,


on, upon); syn. add, attach, bind,
connect, fasten, glue, join, stick, tag;
2. ; 3.
affixation [ fiksei()n] n
afflation [flei()n] n
afflatus [fleits] n 1. ; 2.
afflict [flikt] v ; to be
ed with the gout
affliction [flik()n] n ,
, ; syn. adversity,
grief, hardship, misfortune, pain, sorrow, suffering, trouble
afflictive [fliktiv] adj
affluence [flns] n 1. ; syn. abundance, plenty, profusion, prosperity, riches,
wealth; 2. , ; 3.
affluent [flnt] I adj , ; II n 1. (); 2. . ()
afflux [flks] n 1. , ; 2. . ()
affluxion [flkn] n
afford [fd] v 1. , ( . .); to
ground for ;
syn. give, grant, offer, provide,
supply; 2. (
can); people often spend
more than they can
; I cannot
the time ; syn. allow,
have enough for, manage, spare,
sustain
affordable [fdb()l] adj ( )
afforest [frist] v ;

,
affranchise [frnaiz] v ( , . .)
affranchisement [frnizmnt] n

affray [frei] I n , ,
; II v .
affreighter [freit] n
affront [frnt] I v ; to
death ; II n (. ); to put
an upon, to offer an
(. )
affronter [frnt] n
affusion [fj ()n] n
Afghan [fgn] n ,
aficionado [ fiind] n
afield [f ld] adv ; ;
; ; far
afire [fai] adv ; to set

aflame [fleim] adv


afloat [flt] adv 1. (. aground); ; 2.
(. ashore); 3.
; 4. , (); various rumours were

aflower [fla] adv
aflutter [flt] adj
afoam [fm] adv
afoot [ft] adv ,
afore [f] prp, adv ., . =
before
aforehand [fhnd] adv
aforesaid [fsed] adj
aforethought [ft] adj
aforetime [ftaim] adv ,

afoul [fal] adv

be of ; I am to wake
him, I am of waking him
; I am that I
shall wake him ,

Aframerican [ frmerikn] n
afreet [fr t] n
afresh [fre] adv ,
African [frikn] I n ;
II adj
africanist [friknist] n

africanization [ friknaizei()n]
n

frikaans [ frikns] n

Afrikander [ friknd] n
(. )
Afrikaner [ frikn] n
afrit [frit] n
afroism [friz()m] n
aft [ft] adv . ; , ; ; fore and
(),
after [ft] I prp 1. , ; ,
; day day ;
three months 3 ;
all ; syn. as a
result of, behind, below, following,
in consequence of, later, subsequent
to; 2. , ; the sa
me pattern ;
an etching Gainsborough ; 3.
; all my trouble he has learnt
nothing
;
 a date . (
); one's heart ; sight .
(); what is he ?
?; II adv , ;
; soon , ; I have never seen him
29

afterbody
; III cj ;
IV adj 1. ; in
years ; 2. ; the
part of the ship

afterbody [ft bdi] n



afterbrain [ftbrein] n

afterburner [ft b:n] n


afterdamp [ftdmp] n

afterdinner [ft din] adj


aftereffects [ft rifek] n pl ,
aftergame [ftgeim] n

aftergrass [ftgrs] n ,
aftergrowth [ftgr] n
afterheat [fth t] n

afterlife [ft laif] n

afterlight [ft lait] n


aftermost [ftmst] adj
afternoon [ftnn] n ; in the ; good ; in the
of one's life ;
farmer , ; syn.
after lunch, siesta, tea-time
afterpart [ftpt] n

afterpayment [ft peimnt] n
afters [ft(r)z] n
aftersales [ftseilz] adj
aftersensation [ftsen sei()n] n

aftershave [fteiv] n

aftershock [ftk] n
aftersound [ftsand] n
30

age
afterstrain [ftstrein] n

afterswarm [ftswm] adj

aftertaste [ftteist] n

afterthought [ft t] n ,



afterwards [ftw] I adv , , ; II n
1. ; 2. ,
afterword [ftw:d] n
afterwork [ftw:k] n
afterworld [ftw:ld] n
afteryears [ftjiz] n pl

again [gen] adv 1. , ;


and , ;
syn. another time, besides, furthermore, in addition, moreover, once
more; 2. ; ;
3. , ;
 as much ; to
be oneself ; now and ; time
and ,
against [genst] prp 1. ;
a dark background
; the hair ; syn. across, close
up to, confronting, facing, fronting,
in contact with, in contrast to, in
opposition to, in the face of, opposed
to, opposing, opposite to; 2. ( over ); 3.
:
, ; the end of the week
; a rainy day
; 4.
:
, ; to run a rock ; to run (up)
someone
; a ladder standing the
wall ,

;  to talk time
(. a)
agamic [gmik] a .
agamogenesis [ gmensis] n

agamogenetic [ gmnetik] n
e
agamy [gmi] n
agapanthus [ gpns] n
agape [geip] adj
agaphite [gfait] n
agar [eig] n
agaric [grik] n . (.
)
agate [gt] n
agateware [gtwe] n
agathodemon [ gd mn] n

agave [geivi] n . ,
agaze [geiz] adv
age [ei] I n 1. ; this wine
lacks ; of consent
; of discretion
(14 ), ; of stand .
; to be of ; to be, to act
one's . ,
; to be un
der ;
to come of ; full (21 ); middle
; syn. elderliness, maturity,
old age, senility, seniority; 2. ; 3. , ; ; the
Age of Reason ;
Ice Age ;
Middle Ages C ; syn.
date, days, epoch, era, generation,
period, time, years; 4. .
; I have not seen you for s
;
5. ; the infirmities of

aged
; II v 1. ; 2.
aged [eid] a 1. ; 2. () ; ten

ageism [eiiz()m] n
ageless [eils] adj
agency [ei()nsi] n ,
agenda [end] n pl 1. (
. sing) ;
2.
agenesia [ ein zi] n
agent [ei()nt] n 1.
, ; chemical , ; physical
; 2. , , , ; forwarding ; station . ; ticket .
; road . .
; syn. delegate,
deputy, doer, go-between, intermediary, negotiator, performer, representative; 3. pl
agentry [eintri] n

agentship [einip] n
ageusia [gsi] n
agglomerate [glmrit] I v (); () ( );
II n .
agglomeration [ glmrei()n] n
1. ; ;
2. .
agglomerative [glmrtiv] adj

agglutinant [gltinnt] adj


agglutinate [gltineit] I v 1. ; 2. () ;
II adj 1. ; 2. . ()
agglutination [ gltinei()n] n
1. ; 2. .
agglutinative [gltintiv] adj
1. ; 2. . ()

aglow
agglutinin [gltinin] n 

aggrandize [grndaiz] v 

aggrandizement [grndizmnt] n
, ,
aggravate [gr veit] v 1. , , ; syn.
exaggerate, heighten, increase,
intensify, worsen; 2. .
aggravating [gr veiti] adj . (. aggravate);
circumstances

aggravation [ grvei()n] n . (. aggravate)


aggravator [grveit] n
aggregate [gri git] I v 1. ; ;
2. ( ; to);
3. . ,
(); II adj
; ; ; member
ship ; the
forces ; III n
1. ; capacity .
; in the ; 2.
aggregation [ grigei()n] n 1. ; 2. ; ; 3.

aggregative [grigeitiv] adj


aggression [gren] n ,
; syn. antagonism, assault,
attack, hostility, intrusion, invasion,
offence, offensive
aggressive [gresiv] adj 1. ; ; 2. . ,
aggressiveness [gresivns] n ;

aggressivity [ grsiviti] n
aggressor [gres] n , ;

aggrieve [gr v] v , , (. pass.)

aggro [gr] n
aghast [gst] adj ,

agile [ail] adj , , ; syn. active, acute,


alert, brisk, fleet, lively, nimble,
prompt, quick, sharp, swift
agility [ilti] n ,
, ,
agio [i] n . 1. ;
2. ; 3.
agiotage [ti] n ;

agitable [itb()l] adj
agitate [i teit] v 1. ;
; 2. (
. .); 3. ; 4. ;
,
agitated [i teitid] adj ,
agitation [ itei()n] n 1. , ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. . ;
agitational [ itei()nl] adj

agitato [ itt] adv


agitator [i teit] n 1. ;
2. .
aglare [gle] adj
agleam [gl m] adj
aglee [gl ] adv
aglet [glit] n 1. ; 2. ;
3. . (, ,
)
aglint [glint] adj
aglisten [glisn] adj
aglitter [glit] adj
aglossal [eiglsl] adj
aglow [gl] adv, adj 1. ;
; 2. .
; all with delight
(exercise) (, )
31

aglutition
aglutition [ glti()n] n

agminate [gminit] adj

agnail [gneil] n
agnate [gneit] I n

; II adj
agnation [gnei()n] n

agnomen [gnmen] n
agnominal [gnminl] adj
agnomination [gnminei()n] n

agnostic [gnstik] I n ;
II adj
agnosticism [gnstisiz()m] n
ago [g] adv ; long

agog [gg] adv ,


; to be (on, upon,
about, with) ; , ; to
set one's curiosity

agoing [gi] adv ;
to set
agon [gn] n
agonal [gnl] adj
agonic [gnik] adj ( ); line

agonist [gnist] n
agonistic [ gnistik] adj 1. ; 2.
agonistics [ gnistiks] n
agonize [g naiz] v 1. , (); agoniz
ing suspense ; 2.
(after)
agonizing [g naizi] adj ,
agonothete [gn t]
32

agrochemicals
agony [gni] n 1.
; of death, mortal ; syn. pain;
2. ( ); column .

. .; syn.
affliction, anguish, distress, misery,
pain, suffering; 3. .

agora [ gr] n
agoraphobe [grfb] n
agoraphobia [ grfbi] n .
,
agoraphobic [ grfbik] n
agraffe [grf] n
agrammatism [grmtiz()m] n

agraphia [grfi] n
agrarian [grerin] I adj 1. ; laws ;
2. . ; II n
agrarianism [greriniz()m] n

agravic [grvik] adj
agree [gr ] v 1.
(with, to); 
(on, upon); d! !,
!; we to differ
; syn. accede, admit, allow,
comply, consent, yield; 2. , , ; syn. accord, concur, conform,
correspond, fit, match, suit; 3. , (to
gether, with); they well
; 4. . ; 5. ; wine doesn't with me
; 6. , (
. .)
agreeability [ gr bilti] n
agreeable [gr b()l] adj ; syn. acceptable, attractive, de-

lightful, enjoyable, gratifying, likeable,


pleasant, satisfying
agreeably [gr bli] adv 1. ; surprised (); 2.
agreed [gr d] adj
agreement [gr mnt] n 1. ; of opinion ;
syn. acceptance, affinity, compliance,
conformity, unanimity, union; 2. , ; to come to an
; by piece
; syn. arran-gement, contract, deal, pact, settlement,
treaty; 3. .
agrestal [grestl] adj
agrestic [grestik] adj
agribusiness [gri bizns] n
agricultural [ grikl()rl] adj
, ; engineering ; chemistry
agriculturalist [ griklrlist] =
agriculturist
agriculture [gri kl] n
; ; ; Board of Agriculture (); syn.
cultivation, culture, farming
agriculturist [ griklrist] n ;
agrimony [grimni] n .
agrin [grin] adv
agriology [ grili] n

agriproduct [gri prdkt] n
agrobiologic [gr bailik] adj

agrobiology [ grbaili] n
agrobusiness [gr bizns] n

agrobusinessman [gr biznsmn] n


agrochemicals [ grkemik()lz]
n

agrochemistry
agrochemistry [gr kemistri] n

agrocity [gr siti] n


agrocoenosis [ grs nsis] n

agrologic [ grlik] adj

agrologist [grlist] n
agrology [grli] n

agromania [ grnieini] n

agronome [grnm] n
agronomic(al) [ grnmik()l]
adj

agronomics [ grnmiks] n

agronomist [gr nmist] n


agronomy [grnmi] n ;
,

agrophysics [ grfiziks] n

agrotechnician [ grtekni()n]
n

agrotechnologist [ grteknlist] n
agrotechnology [ grteknli]
n

agrotown [grtan] n
aground [grand] I adv 1. .
; to go , to run
; 2. . ;
II adj 1. . ;
2. .
ague [eigj] n ,

aguish [eigji] adj 1. ;
; 2.
agush [g] adv
ah [] int !, !
aha [h] int !
ahead [hed] adv , ;
to be, to get of ; full
speed ! () !; to
go ; syn. advanced, along, at an advantage, at the
head, before, forward, in advance, in
front, leading

airbed
ahimsa [hims] n

ahistoric [ histrik] adj

ahorse [hs] adv


ahoy [hi] int .: ship ! ! ! ()

ahull [hl] adv


ahum [hm] adj
aid [eid] I v ; syn. assist,
encourage, facilitate, favour, help,
promote, serve, subsidise, support;
II n 1. ; first station
; syn. assistance, benefit, contribution, favour,
help, helper, sponsorship, subsidy,
support, supporter; 2. ;
man . ; 3. pl .
, ; 4. pl . ;  s and appli
ances ,
aide [eid] n
aidedecamp [ eid d kmp] n (pl
aides decamp)
aidememoire [ eidmemw] n
aider [eid] adj
aidless [eidlis] adj
aidman [eidmn] n
AIDS [ei] (abber. of acquired
immune deficiency syndrome)
(
)
aiguille [eigw l] n 1. ,
; 2.
aiguillette [ eigwilet] n
aikido [eik d] n
ail [eil] v , ; ; what s you?
?
ailing [eili] adj , ; syn. diseased, ill, indisposed,
invalid, sick, sickly, suffering, unwell,
weak
ailment [eilmnt] n
aim [eim] I v 1. () (at);
syn. aspire to, design, direct, focus,
intend, mean, plan, point, position,

seek, sight, target, want, wish; 2. (), () (at);


3. ;
; to high ; II n 1. , ; syn.
ambition, design, desire, direction, end, goal, intention, mark,
object, objective, plan, purpose,
target, wish; 2. ; ; ; to take
aimer [eim] n
aimless [eimls] adj ;
syn. drifting, objectless, pointless,
purposeless, random, undirected, unguided
air [e] I n 1. , ; to
take the ; rumours
are in the ; to
melt, to vanish into thin
; on the () ; syn. atmosphere,
oxygen, sky; 2. , ; syn. breath, breeze, draught,
wind; 3. ;
; with a triumphant ; syn. appearance, aura, bearing, impression, look,
manner; 4. , ; to give oneself s, to put on
s , ; 5. , ; ;
 to beat the ; to give a person the .
. ; hot
. , ; to
take ; to tread,
to walk upon , ; II v 1. ; syn. aerate, freshen,
ventilate; 2. (); 3. ; ;
III adj 1. ; 2.
airballoon [ebln] n ,
air barrage [e br ] n ()
airbase [ebeis] n
airbed [ebed] n
33

airbladder
airbladder [e bld] n

airborne [e bn] adj 1. ; 2. . ; 3.


; ;
to become ;
all planes are

airbrake [ebreik] n

airbrasive [ebreisiv] n
airbrick [ebrik] n e

airbrush [ebr] n

airburst [eb:st] n
airbus [ebs] n
aircell [esel] n .

airchamber [e eimb] n 1. ; 2. .


airconditioning [e kndi()ni]
n
aircooled [ekld] adj
aircraft [e krft] n 1.
(. . );
2. (. . )
aircrew [ekr] n
aircrewman [ekrmn] n

aircushion [e k()n] n 1. ; 2. .


airdefence [edifens] n ,
airedale [edeil] n
airer [er] n
airfare [e fe] n
airfast [efst] adj
airfield [e f ld] n
air fleet [e fl t] n
airflow [e fl] n
airfoil [e fil] = aerofoil
air force [efs] n 1.  ; ; 2. 34

airtow
;

airframe [efreim] n
airfree [efr ] adj
airfreight [efreit] n
airfreighter [e freit] n

air gap [egp] n 1. , ; 2. .


airgas [egs] n ,
airgauge [egei] n
airglow [egl] n
airgun [egn] n 1. ;
2. .
airhammer [e hm] n
air hole [ehl] n 1. ;
2. ( ); 3. .
airhole [e hl] n
e
air hostess [e hstis] n ,
airhouse [e has] n
airily [erili] adv 1. , , ; 2. ,

airiness [erins] n
airing [eri] n 1. ,
; ; 2.
airjacket [e kit] n

airjig [eig] n
airlane [ei lein] n
airless [elis] adj 1. ;
; 2.
airline [e lain] n
airliner [e lain] n ,
airload [eld] n
airlock [elk] n .
;
airman [emn] n , ;
syn. ace, aviator, flyer, pilot
airmanship [emnip] n

airminded [e maindid] adj

airmobile [embail] adj

airometer [ermit] n
airpark [epk] n
airplan [epln] n

airplane [e plein] n ,

airplay [e plei] n


airpocket [e pkit] n 1. . ; 2. . ,
; 3.
;

airport [e pt] n


airpost [epst] n
airpowered [e pad] adj

airproof [eprf] =airtight


airraid [ereid] n ; alarm, alert
; shelter
airroute [ert] n ,
airscape [eskeip] n
airscrew [eskr] n
,
airshaft [eft] n

airship [eip] n ;
airsick [e sik] adj

airsickness [e siknis] n

airsock [esk] n
airspace [e speis] n

airstream [e str m] n

airt [et] n
airtight [e tait] I adj , ;
II n
airtillery [etilri] n

airtow [et] n

airtraveller
airtraveller [e trvl] n

airunit [e jnit] n


airwash [e w] n e

airwave [eweiv] n
airway [ewei] n 1. , , ; 2. . , ,

airwoman [e wmn] n 

airworthiness [e w:ins] n


airworthy [e w:i] adj
( )
airy [eri] adj 1. ; ; ; 2. ;
3. ,
aisle [ail] n 1. () ; ; 2. .
( , . .)
ait [eit] n (. )
aitchbone [eibn] n 1. ; 2.
aitt [eit] n
ajangle [l] adj
ajar [] adj
ajingle [igl] adv
ajog [g] adv
ajoint [int] adv
ajutage [ti] n
akene [k n] n
aker [eik] n
akimbo [kimb] adv ,
akin [kin] adv, adj ; , ,
akinesia [ kin si] n
akroter [krt] n
aktograph [ktgrf] n
akvavit [kvvit] n
alabaster [lbst] n ,

alabastrine [ lbstrain] adj


alabastrum [ lbstrm] n

alectryomancy
alacrity [lkrti] n , ;

alamode [lmd] n e "


aland [lnd] adv
alar [eil] adj ;

alarm [lm] I n 1. , ; blast


, ; clock ; false ;
to take ; syn.
alarm-bell, alert, bell, danger signal,
warning; 2. , ; syn.
distress, fear, fright, horror, panic,
scare, terror, uneasiness; II v 1. ; 2. ,
; syn. agitate, distress,
frighten, panic, scare, startle, terrify,
unnerve
alarming [lmi] adj
alarmist [lmist] n
alarum [lrm] n 1. . .
alarm; 2. ; 3. ; ;  s and excursions ,
alary [eilri] adj
alas [ls] int !
alaster [lst] n
alate [eleit] adj
alation [elein] n

alb [lb] n .
albanian [lbeinin] adj
albatross [lb trs] n
albeit [lb it] conj ; he tried,
without success ,

albert [lbt] n

albescent [lbes()nt] adj ,


albication [ lbikei()n] n
albiness [lb ns] n
albinism [lbi niz()m] n ,
albino [lb n] n

albite [lbait] n
albugo [lbjg] n
album [lbm] n
albumen [lbjmin] n ; .

albumin [lbjmin] n . ; test

albuminoid [lbjminid] I adj


; II n pl

albuminoidal [lbjminidl] adj

alcaide [lkaidi] n
alcazar [lkz] n
alchemic(al) [lkemik()l] adj

alchemist [lkmist] n
alchemistic [ lkmistik] adj

alchemy [lkmi] n
alcohol [lk hl] n ,
; syn. hard stuff, intoxicant,
liquor, spirits
alcoholic [ lkhlik] I adj ; ; II n ; syn. drunk, drunkard, hard
drinker, tippler
alcoholicity [ lkhlisti] n
alcoholism [lkh liz()m] n

alcoholization [ lkhlaizei()n]
n

alcoholometer [ lkhlmit] n

alcoholometry [ lkhlmitri] n

alcornoque [ lknk] n
alcove [lkv] n , ;

aldehyde [ldihaid] n
alder [ld] n
aldern [ldn] adj
ale [eil] n ,
aleatoric [ litrik] adj

aleatory [ lieitri] adj


aleconner [eil kn] n
alecost [eilkst] n
alectryomancy [lektri mnsi] n

35

alee

aliment

alee [l ] adv 1. ; 2.

algebraist [ libreiist] n -


alegar [lig] n
alehouse [eilhas] n
alembic [lembik] n . ; through the of fancy
.
alert [l:t] n ; give the
; syn. active, agile,
attentive, careful, lively, nimble,
observant, on the lookout, quick,
watchful
alertness [l:tns] n
alette [let] n
aleuromancy [ljr mnsi] n
aleurometer [ ljrmit] n
aleuronat [ljrnt] n
aleurone [ljrn] n
Aleutian [ljin] n
alevin [livin] n
alewife [eilwaif] n
Alexandrine [ ligzndrain] adj,
n ()
alexandrite [ ligzndrait] n
alexine [leksin] n
alezan [ lzn] n
alfa [lf] n
alfalfa [lflf] n .
alfresco [lfresk] adv
alga [lg] n (pl ae)
algaecide [l said] n
algaeologist [ l list] n
algaeology [ l li] n
algal [lgl] adj
algaroba [ lgrb] n
algatron [lgtrn] n

algebra [libr] n
algebraic [ libreiik] adj

,
algedonic [ lidnik] adj
lgerian [lirin] n
algesia [l zi] n

algesis [l sis] n
algetic [letik] adj
algid [lid] adj
algidity [liditi] n
algoid [lgid] adj
algolagnia [ lglgni] n
algologist [lglist] n
algometer [lgmit] n
algonquian [lgkwin] n
algophilia [ lgfili] n
algophobia [ lgfbi] n
algor [lg] n
algorism [lgriz()m] n
algorithm [lg rim] n
algorithmic [ lgrimik] adj
alhagi [lheiai] n
alhambresque [ lhmbresk] adj

alias [eilis] I n ;
II adv (); Lewis
Smith ,
alibi [libai] n . ; syn.
cover-up, defence, excuse, explanation, justification, reason, story
alibility [ lbilti] n
alible [lb()l] adj
alicyclic [ lisaiklik] adj
alien [eilin] I adj 1. ;
2. , ,
(to, from); it's to my
thoughts ; II n ; ; -

36


; III v .,
.
alienability [ eilinbilti] n
alienable [eilinb()l] adj
alienage [eilini] n
alienate [eili neit] v
alienation [ eiljnei()n] n
alienator [eilineit] n ,
alienism [eiliniz()m] n 1. ;
2.
alienist [eilinist] n
aliform [eilifm] adj
alight [lait] adj
alight1 [lait] v 1. , (out of, from); ; 2. , ( , ; on,
upon); 3. . ; ing
gear
alight2 [lait] adj 1. ;
; 2. ; syn.
bright, burning, flaring, illuminated, lighted, lit, on fire, radiant,
shining
align [lain] v ; o.s.
with s.o. 

aligning [laini] =alignment


alignment [lainmnt] n 1. , , ;
of forces ;
2. . ; 3. . ,
, 4. ;
alike [laik] I adj ; , ; II adv
, ,
aliment [limnt] n 1. ;
2. (; . al
imony)

alimental
alimental [ liment()l] adj

alimentary [ limentri] adj , ; canal,


tract
alimentation [ limentei()n] n
1. , ; 2. ()
alimentative [ limen ttiv] adj

alimony [limni] n
aline [lain] = align
alineation [ liniei()n] n
alinement [lainmnt] n
aliquant [likwnt] adj .
aliquation [ likwei()n] n
aliquot [likwt] adj .
alit [lit] adj
alium [lim] n
alive [laiv] adj 1. , ; 2. ; 3. 
, ; to be fully to
; 4. (with);
the river was with boats
; 5. .
() ;
6. , ,
;  and kicking
; ; to keep
(,
. .); look ! !
alizarin [lizrin] n
alkahest [lkhest] n
alkalescence [ lkles()ns] n .

alkalescent [ lkles()nt] adj
.
alkali [lklai] n (pl s, es)
1. .; soils ;
2. . ,

alkalimeter [ lklimit] n

All Fools' Day


alkaline [lk lain] adj .

alkalinity [ lkliniti] n

alkalization [ lklaizei()n] n

alki [lki] adv


alkoran [ lkrn] n
alky [lki] n
all [l] I adj 1. , , ; ;
day ; with speed
; 2. , ; beyond doubt
; II adv 1. , ; 2. .

: allpowerful
, allhonoured ( ) ; III n 1. ; 2. ; they lost their in the
fire
;  but ;
; the go ; over ; ; over the world
; over with: it is
over with him ; right , ;
around , ;
the same ; there
. ; not quite there
; after ; at ; I go there to
morrow, if I go at
, ; not at
, ; once for

allay [lei] v 1. (, , ); 2. ,
allegation [ legei()n] n 1. (. , ); 2.
allege [le] v 1. ( , ); to
illness ;
2. (. ); 3. ; delays d
to be due to... ,
...

allegiance [l ()ns] n ,

allegiancy [l nsi] n

allegiant [l nt] adj


allegoric(al) [ ligrik()l] adj ,

allegorize [ligraiz] v , ,

allegory [lig()ri] n ;

allegretto [ ligret] adv


allegro [leigr] adv
allelomimetic [ l lmimetik] adj

allelomorph [l lmf] n


alleluia [ llj] int
alleluia=halleluiah
allergen [ln] n
allergenic [ lenik] adj
allergic [l:ik] adj
allergologist [ lglist] n 

allergology [ lgli] n
allergy [li] n
alleviant [l vi nt] n
alleviate [l vi eit] v (, ); syn. deaden, diminish, dull, ease, lessen,
moderate, reduce, relieve, soften,
soothe
alleviation [ l viei()n] n
alleviative [l vi eitiv] adj
alleviator [l vi eit] n
alleviatory [l vitri] adj
alley [li] n ,
alleyway [liwei] n
All Fools' Day [ lflzdei] n .
fool
37

allheal

almost

allheal [lh l] n
alliance [lains] n ; syn.
agreement, association, coalition,
connection, federation, partnership,
union
allied [laid] adj 1. ,
; sciences ; 2.
alligator [ligeit] n 1. . ; 2. .
allineation [ liniei()n] n
alliteral [litrl] adj
alliteration [ litrei()n] n
alliterative [lit rtiv] adj
allmetal [ lmet()l] adj
allmouth [lma] n
allness [lns] n
allocate [l keit] v 1. ,
, (to); ; . ,
(,
. .); syn. allot, apportion,
budget, designate, disperse, distribute, ration, share out; 2.
allocation [ lkei()n] n 1. , ; syn.
allotment, apportionment, budget,
lot, portion, ration, share; 2.

allochromatic

[ lkrmtik]

adj

allocution [ lkj()n] n ,
( );
allopelagic [ lpelik] adj
allot [lt] v 1.
; 2. , , ; ;
3. . ;

allotment [ltmnt] n 1. ; ; 2. ,
; 3. ; 38

; 4. . ,

allottee [ lt ] n ,
allout [ lat] I adj 1. ; ;
; 2. ;
; attack ; II adv 1.
; ; to go
; 2. ,
allow [la] v 1. , ; smoking is not ed
; syn. approve, authorise, enable, let, permit, sanction,
tolerate; 2. , ;
3. , , ,
 (for); 4. , ; 5.
allowable [lab()l] adj
allowance [lans] n
,
allowedly [ladli] adv 1. ; ,
; 2.
alloy [li] I n 1. , ; 2. ; syn. amalgam,
blend, combination, composite,
fusion, mixture; 3. ( ); 4. . ( ); happiness without
; II v
1. (); 2.
all right [ lrait] I adj 1. ; ;
2. ,
(); II adv ;

allround [ lrand] adj ,


allseed [ls d] n .

allude [ld] v 1. ;
2.  (to)
allure [lj(r)] v , ; syn. attract, captivate,
charm, enchant, entrance, fascinate,
interest, tempt, win over
allurement [ljmnt] n 1. ; 2.
allurer [ljr] n
alluring [ljri] adj , ; pro
spects
allusion [l ()n] n 1. ;
2. ;
alluvia [lvi] pl alluvium
alluvial [lvil] adj . , ; deposit
. ; gold .
alluvion [lvin] n 1. , , ; 2. =allu
vium
alluvium [lvim] n (pl via) . , ;
ally [lai] I v ; to one
self ,
(, ; to, with); to
be allied to , ; English
is nearly allied to Dutch ;
II n (pl allies)
almanac [lm nk] n ,

almighty [lmaiti] I adj 1. ; syn. absolute, all-powerful, great, invincible, omnipotent,


supreme; 2. . ; II adv
. ; glad
almond [mnd] I n 1.
( ); 2. . ; II adj
almoner [mn] n 1. c; 2.
almost [lmst] adv ;
; syn. about, all but, approximately, close to, just about, nearing,
nearly, not far from, not quite, virtually

alms
alms [mz] n
almsman [mzmn] n
aloe [l] n 1. . ; Ameri
can ; 2. pl ()

aloft [lft] adv ; ;


to go .

alone [ln] adj, adv ; are


you ? ?; be with
; syn. abandoned, by itself,
isolated, lonely, on one's own, only,
separate, single, sole
along [l] I adv 1. ;
2. ; (. with);
come (); he brought
his instruments ;  of .
, ; all ;
, (I knew it
all ; it
happened all your carelessness
); II prep , ; the
river ; the road

alongshore [ l] adv


aloof [lf] adj ,
aloofness [lfns] n
alopecia [ lp ] n
aloud [lad] adv ; syn. audibly, distinctly, loudly, noisily, resoundingly, vociferously
alow [l] adv
alp [lp] n 1. ;
2. ;
the Alps
alpeen [lp n] n
alpha [lf] n 1. ; Alpha and
Omega ,
; 2. .

alphabet [lf bet] n ,


alphabetarian [ lfbeterin] n

alphabetic(al) [ lfbetik()l] adj
,
alphabetically [ lfbetikli] adv

alternion
alphabetization [ lfbetaizei()n]
n
alphameric [ lfmerik] adj 
alphanumeric [ lfnjmerik] adj

alphascope [lfskp] n
alphenic [lfenik] n

Alpine [lpain] adj


alpinism [lpi niz()m] n
Alpinist [lpinist] n
already [lredi] adv ; syn. at
present, before now, beforehand,
by now, by that time, by then, by this
time
alright [lrait] = all right
Alsatian [lsei()n] n 1. ;
2.
also [ls] adv , ; ran
.
; syn. additionally, and,
as well, as well as, besides, further,
furthermore, in addition, including,
moreover, too
alt [lt] n ; in
; .
altar [lt] n
altarcloth [ltkl] n .
altazimuth [ltzim] n
alter [lt] v (); to
one's mind , ; syn. adapt, adjust, change,
diversify, modify, reform, remodel,
reshape, revise, transform
alterability [ ltrbilti] n
alterable [ltrb()l] adj
alterant [ltrnt] n

alteration [ ltrei()n] n 1. ; ; ();

syn. adjustment, change, difference, modification, reformation, reshaping, revision, transformation; 2. ; 3. .


;
alterative [ltritiv] I adj ,
; II n . ,

altercate [ltkeit] v ,

altercation [ ltkei()n] n ,
alterity [lterti] n
alternant [lt:nnt] adj
alternat [ lt:n] n
alternate [lt:nt] I adj , , ; angles
; design
, ; on
days ; syn. alternating,
another, every other, every second, interchanging, second; II v (); syn. alter, change, fluctuate, follow one another, interchange,
substitute, take turns; III n
alternating [ltneiti] adj , ; cur
rent . ; mo
tion . 
alternation [ lt:nei()n] n ; of day and night

alternative [lt:ntiv] I n , ; there is no other
but... ...; syn. choice, option, selection,
substitute; II adj ,
alternatively [lt:(r)ntivli] adv

alternator [ltneit] n

alternion [lt:nin] n
39

althorn

ambassadorial

althorn [lthn] n
although [l] conj ;

aluminum [lminm] . = alu

; , ;
syn. admitting that, conceding
that, even if, even though, granted
that, notwithstanding, though,
while
altichamber [lti eimb] n
altigraph [ltigrf] n
altiloquence [ltilkwens] n
altimeter [ltim t] n ,

altimetry [ltimtri] n
altiscope [ltiskp] n

altisonant [ltisnnt] adj


altitude [lti tjd] n ; syn.
elevation, height, loftiness, stature,
tallness
altitudinal [ ltitjdinl] adj
alto [lt] n . 1. (
); 2.
altogether [ ltge] adv ,
, ; for
altorelievo [ ltril v] n
altostratus [ ltstreits] n .
altricial [ltril] n
altruism [ltr iz()m] n
altruist [ltrist] n
altruistic [ ltristik] adj
alula [ljl] n
alum [lm] n
alumina [lmin] n ,
aluminium [ ljminim] n
aluminography [ ljmingrfi] n

aluminous [lmins] adj ;

alumna [lmn] . (pl nae)

40

minium
. . alumnus

alumnae [lmn ] n
alumni [lmnai] n
alumnus [lmns] . n (pl ni)
c,

alumroot [lmrt] n

alunite [ljnait] n
alunogen [ljnin] n
alure [lje] n
alveary [lviri] n
alveolar [ lvil(r)] adj .,
. ; abscess
.
alveolate [lvileit] adj ( )
alveole [lvil] n
always [lweiz] adv
alyssum [lism] n
am [m] 1 . . .
. to be
amadeus [ md s] n
amalgam [mlgm] n 1. 2.
amalgamate [mlg meit] v 1. () ; ; 2. . , (); ()
amalgamated [mlgmeitid] adj
,
amalgamation [ mlgmei()n] n
1. , ; 2. ; 3. ,
(, , . .)
amalgamative [mlg meitiv] adj

amalgamator [mlgmeit] n

amandin [mndin] n
amanita [ mnait] n
amant [mnt] adj
amante [mnt] n
amaranth [mrn] n 1. .
, ; 2.

amaranthine [ mrnain] adj


1. ; 2.
amass [ms] v , ,

amassment [msmnt] n

amateur [mt(r)] n ;
syn. dilettante, fancier, layman, nonprofessional
amateurish [mtri] adj ,
amateurism [mriz()m] n
amative [mtiv] adj
amatol [mtl] n ( )
amatorial [ nitril] adj
amatory [mtri] adj
amaze [meiz] I v , ; II n . = amaze
ment; syn. astonish, astound, bewilder, shock, startle, stun, stupefy,
surprise
amazement [meizmnt] n , ; syn. admiration,
astonishment, bewilderment, confusion, shock, surprise, wonder
amazing [meizi] adj ,
Amazon [mzn] n
Amazonian [ mznin] adj
1. ;
2.
amazonite [mznait] n
ambages [mbei z] n pl , ; ,
ambassador [mbsd] n 1. ; extraordinary and pleni
potentiary ; at large
,
; syn. agent,
consul, deputy, diplomat, emissary,
minister, representative; 2. ,

ambassadorial
adj

[m bsdril]

ambassadorship
ambassadorship [mbsdip] n

ambassadress [mbsdrs] n
1. ; 2. ;
3. ,
amber [mb] n
ambergris [mbgr s] n

amberoid [mbrid] n

ambiance [mbins] n
ambidexter [ mbidekst] adj

ambidexterity [ mbideksterti] n

ambidextral [ mbidekstrl] adj

ambience [mbins] n ;

ambient [mbint] adj ,

ambiguity [ mbigjiti] n ; ,
; syn. ambivalence,
confusion, doubt, obscurity, puzzle,
uncertainty, unclearness, vagueness
ambiguous [mbigjs] adj 1. ;
2.
; syn. confusing, doubtful,
indefinite, obscure, puzzling; 3. ; syn. uncertain, unclear,
vague
ambiguousness [mbigjsns] n

ambilateral [ mbiltrl] adj


ambit [mbit] n
ambition [mbi()n] n 1. , ; syn. aim, design,
desire, dream, hope, ideal, intent, object, purpose, target, wish; 2. , , ; it
is his to become a writer

ambitionist [mbinist] n
ambitious [mbis] adj 1. ; of power ; syn. energetic, enterprising,

amends
go-ahead, purposeful, pushy, strenuous; 2. ; syn. pretentious
ambitus [mbits] n

ambivalenc [mbivlns] n
ambivalent [mbivlnt] adj

ambivert [mbiv:t] n
amble [mb()l] I v 1. ; ; 2.
( ); II n 1. ;
2.
ambler [mbl] n
amblosis [mblsis] n
amblyopia [ mblipi] n
ambroid [mbrid] n
ambrosia [mbrzi] n ., . ;
ambrosial [mbrzil] adj
ambry [mbri] n
ambulance [mbjlns] n

ambulanceman [mbjlnsmn] n

ambulant [mbjlnt] adj


ambulator [mbjleit] n
ambulatory [ mbjleitri] I adj
1. ; 2. ; ; 3.
( ); II n ;

ambuscade [ mbskeid] I n ; II v 1. , ; 2.
ambuscader [ mbskeid] n
ambush [mb] I n ; to
make, to lay an ; to lie in ; II v
1. = ambuscade; 2.

ameba [m b] n
amebic [m bik] adj e
ameer [m ] n
ameerate [mirt] n
ameliorable [m lirb()l] adj

ameliorant [m lirnt] n

ameliorate [m ljreit] v ()

amelioration [ m ljrei()n] n
1. ; 2.
ameliorative [m lireitiv] adj
1. ; 2. ()

ameliorator [m lireit] n

ameliotory [m litri] adj

amen [ aimen] int


amenability [ m nbilti] n 1. ; ; 2. ; 3. ;
4. ()
amenable [m nb()l] adj , ; to reason

amend [mend] v 1. (),
(); 2. ( , . .)
amendable [mendb()l] adj
amendatory [mendtri] adj
amende [mend] n
amendment [mendmnt] n 1. (); ( . .);
syn. addition, adjustment, alteration,
change, correction, improvement,
reform, revision; 2. ( , ); 3. ( )
amends [mendz] n ,
; to make for , ;
syn.
compensation, indemnity,
recompense, reparation, restitution,
satisfaction
41

amene
amene [m n] adj
amenity [m nti] n
amenorrhea [ menri] n

amental [mentl] adj e

amentia [eimen] n
amentum [mentm] n
amerasian [ mrei()n] n 
amerce [m:s] v 1. ;
2. ( with)
amercement [m:smnt] n 1. (. ); 2. ; 3.
amerciament [m:simnt] n
American [merikn] I adj ; II n (.
)
americanese [ merikn z] n
Americanism [merik niz()m] n
1. ; 2.

americanist [meriknist] n

americanization [ meriknaizei()n] n
Americanize [merik naiz] v
1. ; 2.

americanocracy [ meriknkrsi]
n

americanologist [ meriknld ist] n


amerindic [ mrindik] adj

amertoy [mti] n

ametabolic [ metblik] adj

amethyst [mist] n
amethystine [ mistain] adj

ametropia [ mitrpi] n

amiability [ eimibilti] n ; ;
42

amorous
amiable [eimib()l] adj 1. ; , ; syn.
charming, companionable, friendly,
genial, kind, likable, obliging, pleasing; 2. ; syn. goodnatured
amianthus [ mins] n

amiantus [ mints] n
amic [mik] adj
amicability [ mikbilti] n
amicable [mikb()l] adj 1. ; 2.
amice [mis] n
amid [mid] prp , ,

amide [maid] n
amidmost [mid mst] adv
amidopyrine [ m dpair n] n

amidship [mid ip] adv


amidst [midst] = amid
amigo [m g] n
amination [ minei()n] n
aminoplast [m n plst] n
aminopyrine [ m npair n] n

amir [mi] = ameer


amirate [mirt] n
amiss [mis] adv 1. ; to do,
to deal ; . ; not ;
to take
; ; there is
something with him
 ; what's ?
?; 2. ;
amitosis [ mitsis] n
amity [miti] n

ammeter [m t] n .
ammo [m] n
ammonal [mnl] n
( )

ammonia [mni] n 1. . ; 2. .
(. liquid )

ammoniac [mnik] adj .

ammoniation [ mniei()n] n

ammonium [mnim] n . ; chloride ,


ammonolysis [ mnlaisis] n
ammophos [mfs] n
ammunition [ mjni()n] I n
; , ;
; .
; box ;
;
(., ) ; factory
; ; hoist
. , ; leg ,
; II v

amnesia [mn zi] n


amnesiac [mn zi k] n
amnesic [mn zik] n

amnesty [mnsti] I n ;
II v
amoeba [m b] n (pl ae, as) .
amoebaean [ m bin] adj e
mong, amongst [m, -st] prp
1. , ; they quarrelled
themselves

; one a thousand
; syn. amid, amidst, between,
in the middle of, surrounded by,
together with, with; 2. ;
the ancient Greeks

amoral [mrl] adj


amorce [ms] n
amorist [murist] n
amorous [mrs] adj

amorousness
amorousness [mrsns] n ;

amorphisation [ mfizei()n] n

amorphous [mfs] adj , ;


amort [mt] adj
amortisseur [ mtis:] n
amortizable [mtaizb()l] adj

amortization [ mtaizei()n] n
;
amortize [mtaiz] v 1.
(); ; 2.
amortizement [mtaizmnt] n

amotivational [ei mtivei()nl]


adj
amount [mant] I v 1.
(); ; the bill s to
40$
40 ; 2. ,
; this s to a re
fusal ;
to to very little, not to to
much ,
; II n
1. , ; what is the of
this? ?;
2. ; a large of work
; syn. entirety, mass,
number, quantity, sum, total, volume,
whole
amour [m] n ;
,
amourette [ mret] n
amourpropre [ mprpr] . n

amp [mp] n . (. ampere)


,

amperage [mpri] n .
( )
ampere [mpe] n . ;
meter ; turn 

amusement park
amperometer [ mprmit] n

ampersand [mpsnd] n &


(= and)

amphetamine [mfetm n] n

amphiarthrosis [ mfirsis] n

Amphibia [mfibi] n pl . ;

amphibian [mfibin] n
amphibiotic [ mfibaitik] adj

amphibious [mfibis] adj ; operation ()


amphibole [mfibl] n
amphibolic [ mfiblik] adj
amphibology [ mfibli] n
amphibrach [mfibrk]
amphigory [mfigri] n
amphimorphic [ mfimfik] adj

amphitheatre [mfi it] n


amphitheatric [ mfiitrik] adj

amphithecium [ mfi sim]

amphogenic [ mfenik] adj


amphora [mfr] n (pl rae)
amphoral [mfrl] adj
amphoric [mfrik] adj
amphoteric [ mfterik] adj
amphtrac [mftrk] n

ample [mp()l] adj ;
syn. abundant, broad, extensive, large, plentiful, rich, roomy, spacious

amplexifoliate [m pleksifliit]


adj

ampliated [mplitid] adj

ampliation [ mpliei()n] n

amplidyne [mplidin] n
amplification [ mplifikei()n] n
,

amplificatory [mplifi keitri] adj

amplifier [mplifai] n 1. ., .
; 2. .

amplify [mplifai] v ;
a theme

amplitude [mplitjd] n ,
, ; syn. breadth,
capacity, extent, fullness, magnitude,
profusion, range, reach, size, volume,
width
amply [mpli] adv .

ampoule, ampule [mpl, mpjl]


n

ampullary [mplri] adj


amputate [mpj teit] v ,

amputation [ mpjtei()n] n
1. ; 2. .
( . .)

amputee [ mpjt ] n
ampyx [mpiks] n
amreeta [mr t] n
amtrack [mtrk] n
e

amuck [mk] adv: to run

amulet [mjlt] n ,
amuse [mjz] v ; ; you me
; syn. charm, cheer (up),
delight, enliven, entertain, interest,
please, recreate, relax
amusement [mjzmnt] n , ; syn. delight, enjoyment, entertainment,
fun, hobby, interest, joke, pastime,
pleasure
amusement park [mjzmnt pk]
n
43

amusing
amusing [mjzi] adj ,
, ; syn.
charming, comical, enjoyable, entertaining, funny, humorous, interesting,
laughable
amusive [mjsiv] adj
amygdala [migdl] n
amygdalate [migdleit] adj
amygdalin [migdlin] n
amygdalitis [ migdlaitis] n
amygdaloid [migdlid] n
amyl [mil] n
amylase [mileiz] n
amylene [mil n] n
amyloid [milid] I adj , ; II n
amyloidosis [ milidsis] n
amyloplast [mil plst] n
amylose [milz] n
amylum [milm] n
amyotonia [ei maitni] n
amyotrophic [ei maitrfik] adj

amyotrophy [ eimitrfi] n
an [n] .
ana [n] n 1. ,
, ; 2. pl
, 

anabaptism [ nbptizm] n
anabaptist [ nbptist] n
anabatic [ nbtik] adj
anabiotic [ nbaitik] adj
anableps [nblps] n e
anabolic [ nblik] n
44

analysand
anabolism [nb liz()m] n

anabranch [nbrn] n
anachorete [nkret] n
anachronic [ nkrnik] adj

anachronism [nkr niz()m] n

anacidity [nsidti] n

anaclasis [nklsis] n
anaclastic [ nklstik] adj

anaclastics [ nklstiks] n

anaclinal [ nklainl] adj

anaconda [ nknd] n
anacreontic [ nkrintik] a .

anadiplosis [ ndiplsis] n

anadromy [ndrmi] n
anaemia [n mi] n . ,

anaemic [n mik] adj


anaerobe [nerb] n
anaerobic [ nrbik] adj

anaerobiosis [ nerbaisis] n

anaerobium [ nerbim] n

anaerophyte [nerfait] n

anaesthesia [ ns zi] n ,

anaesthesiologist [ nis zileist] n


anaesthesiology [ nis zili]
n

anaesthesis [ nis sis] n

anaesthetic [ nsetik] I adj -

; II n ,
anaesthetist [n stist] n
anaesthetize [n s taiz] v ,

anagalactic

[ nglktik] adj

anagenesis [ nensis] n

anagnorisis [ ngnrisis] n

anagoge [ngi] n

anagram [n grm] n


anagrammatic [ ngrmtik] adj

anagrammatism [ ngrmtiz()m]
n

anagrammatist [ ngrmtist] n

anal [ein()l] adj .

analepsy [nlepsi] n

analeptic [ nleptik] n
analgesia [ nl zi] n

analgesic [ nl zik] adj

analgetic [ nletik] n

anallobar [nlb] n

analogic [ nlik] adj

analogical [ nlik()l] adj


1. ,
; 2. ,

analogism [nliz()m] n

analogous [nlgs] adj ; ; syn. agreeing,


alike, corresponding, equivalent, like,
parallel, related, similar
analogue [n lg] n
analogy [nli] n ;
; by , on the ; syn. agreement, correlation,
correspondence, equivalence, likeness, parallel, similarity
analphabet [ nlfbet] adj
analysand [nlisnd] n

analyse
analyse

[n laiz] v ; syn. consider, enquire


into, evaluate, examine, interpret,
investigate, judge, review, study,
test
analyser [nlaiz] n
analysis [nlsis] n , ; syn. examination, explanation, interpretation, investigation,
judgement, opinion, reasoning, review, study, test
analyst [nlist] n ;

analytic(al) [ nlitik()l] adj

analytics [ nlitiks] n
analyzable [ nlaizb()l] n
anamnesis [ nmn sis] n 1. ; 2. .
anamorphism [ nmfiz()m] n

anamorphosis [ nmfsis] n
1. , ; 2. . ,
anapest [npest] n
anaphase [nfeiz] n
anaphora [nfr] n
anaphrodisia [ nfrdizi] n
anaphrodisiac [ nfrdizik] n

anaphylactic [ nfilktik] adj

anaphylaxis [ nfilksis] n
anaplasia [ npleizi] n
anaplasmosis [ nplzmsis] n

anaplastic [ nplstik] adj


anaplasty [nplsti] n
anaplerosis [ nplirsis] n
anaplerotic [ nplirtik] adj

and
anaptotic [ npttik] adj

anaptyxis [ nptiksis] n

anarch [nk] n
anarchic(al) [nkik()l]

adj

anarchism [nkiz()m] n

anarchist [nkist] n
anarchistic [ nkistik] adj

anarchy [nki] n
anarthria [nri] n

anaseismic [ nsaizmik] n

anastomosis

[nstmsis]

anastrophe

[nstrfi]

anathema [nm] n 1. , ; 2.

anathematic [ nimtik] adj

anathematization [ nimtaizei()n] n
anathematize [nmtaiz] v
;

anatomic(al) [ ntmik()l] adj

anatomism [ntmiz()m] n

anatomist [ntmist] n 1. ;
2. .
anatomization [ ntmaizei()n]
n

anatomize [ntmaiz] v 1. ; 2. ;

anatomy [ntmi] n 1. ; 2. ; syn.


constitution, construction, structure;
3. . ; 4. .
"
anatripsis [ ntripsis] n
anaxagorean [ nksgr n] adj

anbury [nbri] n

ancestor [nsest] n , ; syn. antecedent, forefather, forerunner, predecessor, progenitor


ancestorial [ nsestril] adj
ancestral [nsestrl] adj , ; syn. familial, genealogical, genetic, hereditary, lineal,
parental
ancestress [nsstrs] n
ancestry [nsestri] n ; ; syn. ancestors, antecedents, family, genealogy, line,
lineage, origin, parentage, roots
anchor [k] n ; drop

anchorage [kri] n

anchoress [kris] n ,

anchoret, anchorite [krt, -rait]


n , ,

anchoretic [ kretik] adj

anchorite [krait] n
anchorless [klis] adv
anchorman [k mn] adj

anchovy [nvi] n ()
anchusa [kjs] n
anchylose [kails] n
ancient [ein()nt] I adj ,

; II n the Ancients
ancientry [einntri] n
ancilla [nsil] n

ancillarity [ nsilrti] n
ancillary [nsilri] adj , ,
ancipital [nsipitl] adj
ancistroid [nsistrid] adj
ancon [kn] n
and [nd] conj 1. ; try do it ; come
45

andesite

anglification

see ; 2. ,
; I shall go you stay here
,
andesite [ndzait] n
andiron [ndain] n
androcentric [ ndrsentrik] adj

androcracy [ndrkrsi] n
androcratic [ ndrkrtik] adj

androgen [ndrn] n
androgyne [ndrin] n
android [ndrid] n
andrology [ndrli] n
andron [ndrn] n
androphore [ndrf] n
androspore [ndrsp] n
androsterone [ndrstrn] n

anear [ni] adv


anecdotage [ nikdti] n
anecdotal [ nikdtl] adj
anecdote [nik dt] n
anecdotic [ nikdtik] adj
anecdotist [ nikdtist] n
anelectric [ nilektrik] adj
anelectrode [ nilektrd] n
anemia [n mi] n
anemic [n mik] adj
anemology [ nimli] n
anemometer [ nimmit] n .

anemometric [ nimmetrik] adj

anemoscope [nemskp] n -

anemometrograph [ nimmetrgrf] n
anemometry [ nimmitri] n -

angiocardiogram [ nikdigrm] n
angiocardiography [ ni kdigrfi] n
angiogram [nigrm] n -

anemone [nemni] n 1. . ; 2. .
46

aneroid [nrid] n 

anesthesia [ nis zi] n

anesthesiologist [ nis zilist]


n

anesthesiology [ nis zili] n

anesthesis [ nis sis] n


anesthetic [ nisetik] n

anesthetist [n stist] n

anetic [netik] adj


aneurism [njriz()m] n .
,

anew [nj] adv , ;




anfractuose [nfrktjs] adj

anfractuosity [n frktjsti] n

anfractuous [nfrktjs] adj


1. ; ; ; 2. ,
angary [gri] n . ,
( )

angel [ein()l] n ; syn.


archangel, darling, divine messenger,
guardian spirit, ideal, saint, supporter,
treasure
angelet [einlet] n
angelic [nelik] adj
angelolatry [ einlltri] n
anger [g] I n ; II v ; ,
angina [nain] n ; pec
toris

angiography [ nigrfi] n

angiology [ nili] n

angioma [ nim] n
angiotomy [ nitmi] n

angle1 [g()l] I n 1. ; of bank


; ; of dip
, ; of dive .
; of elevation .
; of roll .,
. ; of view
; solid ; syn. bend, corner,
crook, edge, hook, nook, slant, turn;
2. ; to look at the
question from all s
; to
get, to use a new on something
.
; 3. ; II v ()
angle2 [g()l] I n
; II v ; .
; to for a
compliment

angler [gl] n 1. ; 2. .
anglerfish [glfi] n

anglesmith [glsmi] n
angleworm [glw:m] n
Anglican [glikn] I adj 1. ; 2. . ; II n

anglicanism [glikniz()m] n

anglicism [glisiz()m] n 1. ; 2. ,
. .
anglicist [glisist] n
anglicize [glisaiz] v
anglification [ glifikei()n] n

angling

annex

angling [gli] n
()

AngloSaxon

[ glsk()n]

I adj ; II n 1. -

; 2. ,

ngola [gl] n
ngolan [gln] adj
angor [g] n
angora [gr] 1. cat ; 2. goat
; 3.
angrily [grili] adv ,
angriness [grins] n
angry [gri] adj 1. ,
, ; to be
with someone 
; to make one
; 2. ( , . .)
angst [st] n
anguiform [gwifm] adj
anguine [gwin] adj
anguish [gwi] n
, ; of body
and mind
; syn. agony, distress,
grief, heartache, pain, pang, sorrow,
suffering
angular [gjl] adj 1. ,
; point ;
2. , ; 3. ,
; 4. ; 5.
angularity [ gjlrti] n
angulate [gjlit] adj

angulation [ gjlei()n] n
angulometer [ gjlmit] n
anhedonia [ nhidni] n

anhedral [nh drl] adj

anhelation [ nhilei()n] n
anhidrosis [ nhidrsis] n

anhidrotic [ nhidrtik] n ,

anhydrous [nhaidrs] adj .

anhypnosis [ nhipnsis] n

anil [nil] n (
)

anile [einail] adj 1. ;


2. .
aniline [nilain] n .
anility [nilti] n 1. ,
; 2. .

animadversion [ nimdv:()n]
n ,

animadvert [ nimdv:t] v ,

animal [nim()l] I n ; syn.


beast, brute, creature, mammal,
monster, pig, savage; II adj , ; spirits , ; black
; bones
(); husbandry ; traction
;
animalhood [nimlhd] n
animalism [nimliz()m] n ;
animality [ nimlti] n
animalization [ nimlaizei()n] n

animate [nimt] I v ,
; syn. activate, arouse,
encourage, invigorate, move, quicken,
revive, stimulate; II adj ,
(); ;
syn. alive, breathing, conscious, live,
living
animated [nimeitid] adj 1. ; ; an
discussion ;
syn. active, alive, enthusiastic, excited, lively, quick, spirited, vital, vivid;

2. ; car
toon
animation [ nimei()n] n (); ;
animative [nimeitiv] adj
animator [nimeit] n
animism [nimiz()m] n
animist [nimist] n
animistic [ nimistik] adj
animosity [ nimsti] n , ; syn. antagonism,
enmity, hate, hatred, hostility, malevolence, malice
animus [nims] . n 1. ; ; 2. .
,
anion [n ain] n
anise [nis] n
anisette [ nizet] n
anisic [nisik] adj
anker [k] n ( = 31 )
ankerite [krait] n
ankle [k()l] n
anklet [klt] n 1. ; 2. pl ,
ankor [k] n
anlace [nls] n
annal [nl] n

annalist [nlist] n 1. ;
2.
annalistic [ nlistik] adj
annals [nlz] n pl ,
anneal [n l] v 1. . ;
, ; 2. (, ); 3. .
annectent [nektnt] adj
annex [neks] I v 1. ;
; syn. acquire, add,
appropriate, attach, connect, join,
seize; 2. ; II n 1. 47

annexation
, , ;
2. , ,
annexation [ neksei()n] n
annexationist [ neksei()nist] n

annexion [nek()n] n ;

annihilate [nai leit] v , ; syn. abolish,


destroy, eliminate, eradicate, exterminate, extinguish, liquidate, wipe
out
annihilation [ nailei()n] n

annihilative [naileitiv] adj


annihilator [naileit] n
anniversary [ niv:sri] I n ; II a ,
Anno Domini [ ndminai] .
. AD I adv ; II n
. . ; is the
trouble
annonce [nns] n
annotate [nteit] v ;
annotation [ ntei()n] n ; syn. comment, commentary,
explanation, footnote, note
annotative [nteitiv] adj
annotator [nteit] n
announce [nans] v ,
, ;
;
;

( , ); syn. advertise, broadcast, declare, make


known, notify, publicise, publish
announcement [nansmnt] n
, ; syn. advertisement, broadcast, declaration,
disclosure, notification, publication,
report, statement
announcer [nans] n ., .

annoy [ni] I v ; ; ; how ing


48

anopheles
; syn. anger, bother, displease, disturb, irritate, plague, tease,
trouble, vex; II n ,
annoyance [nins] n ,
, ; syn.
anger, displeasure, headache, irritation, provocation, trouble, vexation
annoyed [nid] adj ,
annual [njl] I adj ;
; income ;
zone ( ); II n 1. ();
2.
annualization [ njlaizei()n] n
e
annually [njli] adv
annuary [njri] n
annuitant [njitnt] n
annuity [njiti] n ; life
annul [nl] v ; , ; syn. abolish,
cancel, invalidate, nullify, recall, reverse, suspend
annular [njl] adj ,
annulary [njlri] n

annulate [njleit] adj


annulation [ njlei()n] n
annulet [njlt] n 1. ;
2. .
annullable [njlb()l] adj
annulment [nlmnt] n ;
annuloid [njlid] adj
annulose [njls] adj
annulus [njls] n
annunciate [nnsieit] v .
annunciation [ nnsiei()n] n
1. ; 2. (Annunciation)
.

annunciator [nnsieit] n

anociassociation [ nsi ssiei()n] n

anode [nd] n .
anodic [ndik] adj
anodization [ ndaizei()n] n

anodyne [ndain] I adj -

, ; II n ,
anoesia [ n zi] n
anoesis [ n sis] n

anoia [ni] n
anoint [nint] v 1. ,
(); 2. .
anointment [nintmnt] n 1. (); 2. .
anolyte [nlait] n
anomalism [nmliz()m] n
anomalistic [ nmlistik] adj
.
anomalous [nmls] adj , ,
anomaly [nmli] n ;
syn. abnormality, divergence, exception, irregularity, oddity, peculiarity,
rarity
anon [nn] adv . ; ever
and
anonym [nnim] n ;
anonymity [ nnimti] n
anonymon [nnimn] n
anonymous [nnims] adj , ; syn. faceless,
impersonal,
incognito,
nameless, unknown, unnamed, unsigned
anonymuncule [ nnimkjl] n

anopheles [nfl z] n ,

anophyte
anophyte [nfait] n
anorak [n rk] n
anorectic [ nrektik] n
anorexia [ nreksi] n .
anorexiant [ nreksint] n
anorexic [ nreksik] adj
anorganic [ ngnik] adj
another [n] adj, pron 1. ;
glass of milk ; 2. ; that's quite mat
ter ;  one
; one way or

anourous [nrs] adj .
anoxia [nksi] n
anoxic [nksik] adj
anserine [nsrain] adj 1. ; 2. .
answer [ns] I v 1. ; ; to back . , ; to the bell, to
the door
; to a call
; to the helm . ; syn. come back to,
react, reply, respond, retaliate, retort;
2. ; ;
to the description (purpose)
(); syn. agree, conform, correlate, correspond, fit, match, satisfy,
suffice, suit, work; 3. ;
; 4.  (for); 5. (
; to); 6. ,
; 7. ; II n 1. ; syn. explanation, outcome,
reaction, rejoinder, reply, response,
retort, solution; 2. ;
3. . (); 4. .

antheral
answerable [nsrb()l] adj

answerableness [nsrb()lns] n

answering machine [nsri m n]


n

ant [nt] n ; white


antacid [ntsid] n

antagonism [ntg niz()m] n


1. (to, against);
2. ,
antagonist [ntgnist] n , ; syn. adversary,
competitor, contestant, enemy, opponent, opposer, rival
antagonistic [n tgnistik] adj
, ,
antagonize [ntgnaiz] v
antalgic [ntlik] adj
antalkaline [ntlklain] adj e
antarctic [ntktik] I adj , ; Antarc
tic Circle
antbear [ntbe] n
ante meridiem [ ntimridim]
adv (. a. m.)
anteater [nt t] = antbear
antebellum [ ntibelm] adj
1. ; 2. . .

antecedency [ ntis dnsi] n
antecedent [ ntis d()nt] I adj
1. ,
(to); 2. ; II n 1. ; of ratio . ; 2. pl
, ; his s

antecessor [ ntises] n
antechamber [nti eimb] n , ,
antedate [ ntideit] v

antediluvial [ ntidilvil] adj

antediluvian [ ntidiluvin] adj

antehall [ntihl] n

antelope [nti lp] n


antelucan [ ntiljkn] adj

antemeridian [ ntimridin] adj


,

antenatal [ ntineit()l] adj ,

antenati [ ntineiti] n

antenna [nten] n (pl nae)
1. ., . ; 2. .
,
antennule [ntenjl] n
antenuptial [ ntinpl] adj
anteprandial [ ntiprndil] adj

anterior [ntiri] adj 1. ; 2.


anteriority [n tirirti] n ,
anteriorly [ntirili] adv
anteroom [nti rm] n ,
()
antescript [ntiskript] n

antetype [ntitaip] n
anteversion [ ntiv:n] n e
antheap [nth p] = anthill
anthelion [nth lin] n
anthelmintic [ nthelmintik] n

anthem [nm] I n 1. . , ; 2. ;
; national
; syn. chant,
chorale, hymn, psalm, song; II v
.
anther [n] n .
antheral [nrl] adj
49

anthesis
anthesis [n sis] n

anthill [nt hil] n


anthologist [nlist] n

anthology [nli] n ; syn. collection, compendium, compilation, digest, selection,


treasury
anthracene [nrs n] n
anthracite [nrsait] n
anthrax [nrks] n . 1. ; 2.
anthropic [nrpik] adj
anthropocentric [ nrpsentrik] adj
anthropocentrism [ nrpsentrizm] n
anthropogenesis [ nrpensis] n
anthropogenetic [ nrpinetik] adj

anthropogenic [ nrpenik]
adj

anthropography [ nrpgrfi] n

anthropoid [nrpid] I adj -

; II n ,

anthropoidal [ nrpidl] adj
anthropolatry [ nrpltri] n

anthropologist [ nrplist] n

anthropology [ nrpli] n
anthropometry [ nrpmitri] n

anthropomorphism [ nrpmfiz()m] n

anthropomorphology [ nrpmfli] n
anthropophagi [ nrpfgai] n
pl

anthropophagism [ nrpfiz()m] n
anthropophagite [ nrpfait]
n
50

antidote
anthropophagy [ nrpfi] n

anthroposophy [ nrpsfi] n

anthroposphere [ nrpsfi] n

anthropotechnics [ nrptekniks]
n

anthropotomy [ nrptmi] n

anthropozoology [ nrpzli] n
anti [nti] n antiaircraft [ ntiekrft] adj
,

antiallergen [ ntilen] n

antiallergenic

[nti lenik]

adj

antiallergic [ ntil:ik] adj

antianxiety [ ntizaiti] adj

antiarmour [ ntim] adj

antiauthority [ ntirti] adj

antibacterial [ ntibktiril] adj

antibiosis [ ntibaisis] n
antibiotic [ ntibaitik] n

antiblackism [ ntiblkiz()m] n

antibody [nti bdi] n .

antibrachium [ ntibrkim] n

antic [ntik] I adj ,


; II n 1. ; 2. .
, ; 3. pl ,

anticatalyst [nti ktlist] n

ntichrist [ntikraist] n
anticipant [ntisi pnt] adj, n
,

anticipate [ntisi peit] v 1. , , ,


; 2. -

, ; to one's
wishes 
; 3. ,  ; . ; to
payment .
; 4. ,

anticipation [n tisipei()n] n


, , ; by ; ; in
of ;
thanking you in
anticipative [ntisipitiv] adj

anticipatory [ntisiptri] adj


1. (an ac
count); 2.
anticlockwise [ ntiklkwaiz] adv

anticolonialism [ ntiklniliz()m] n
anticonstitutional [nti knstitj()nl] adj
anticontamination [ntikn tminei()n] adj

anticonvulsive [ ntiknvlsiv] adj

antics [ntiks] n pl ,
anticyclone [ ntisaikln] n
antidazzle [ ntidz()l] adj
antidemocrat [ ntidemkrt] n

antidemocratic [ nti demkrtik]


adj

antidepressant [ ntidipres()nt] n

antidiscrimination [ntidis kriminei()n] n

antidotal [ntidtl] adj ; treatment .


antidote [nti dt] n ; syn. counter-agent, counter-

antidromic

antiquities

measure, cure, neutraliser, preventive,


remedy
antidromic [ ntidrmik] adj
antidrug [ ntidrg] adv

antifat [ ntift] adj


antifebrific [ ntifibrifik] adj
antifebrile [ ntif brail] adj
antifederalist [ ntifedrlist] n

antifeminism [ ntifeminiz()m] n

antimetabole [ ntimetbli] n

antiferromagnetic [nti fermgnetik] adj


antifertility [ ntif:tilti] adj

antineoplastic [nti n lstik]

antifreeze [nti fr z] n
antigen [nti()n] n .,
.

antigravity [nti grvti] n

antihaemorrhagic [nti hemrik] adj


antihumanism [ ntihjmniz()m]
n

antihypnotic [ ntihipntik] adj


antilitter [ ntilit] adj

antilogarithm [ ntilgrim] n

antilogy [ntili] n

antimagnetic [ ntimgnetik] adj

antimalarial [ ntimleril] adj

antimask [nti msk] n

antimatter [nti mt] n

antimech [ ntimek] n

antimensium [ntimensim] n

antimetathesis [ ntimetsis] n

antimicrobial [ ntimaikrbil] n

antimicrobic [ ntimaikrbik] adj

antimilitarism [ ntimilitrizm] n

antimilitarist [ ntimilitrist] adj

antimony [ntimni] n .
antimutagen [nti mjtn] n

antimycotic [ ntimaiktik] adj

adj

antineuralgics [nti njrliks]


n

antineutron [nti njtrn] n


antinoise [ ntiniz] adj
antinomic [ ntinmik] adj
antinomy [ntinmi] n 1. , , ; 2.
antinuclear [ ntinjkli] adj
antinucleon [nti njklin] n

antiodontalgic [nti dntlik]


adj

antipapal [ ntipeipl] adj

antipapist [ ntipeipist] n

antiparasitic [nti prsitik] adj

antiparliamentary [nti plmentri] adj


antiparticle [ ntiptik()l] n

antipathetic [ ntipetik] adj ,

antipathy [ntipi] n , ; syn. abhorrence,


animosity, antagonism, disgust, dislike, distaste, hate, opposition, repulsion
antiperspirant [ ntip:spirnt] n

antiphlogistic [ ntiflistik] adj

antipodal [ntipd()l] adj ;


antipode [n tipd] n
antipodean [n tipd n] adj
antipodes [ntip d z] n 1. ; 2. .
antipole [ntipl] 1. ; 2.
antipollution [ ntipl()n]


antipoverty [ ntipvti] adj
antipruritic [ ntiprritik] adj

antipsychotic [ ntisaiktik] adj

antipyretic [ ntipairetik] I adj


; II n
antipyrotic [ ntipairtik] n
antiquarian [ ntikwerin] I adj
1. ; 2. ; II n 1. ; 2. , ;
antiquarium [ ntikwerim] n
antiquated [ntikweitid] adj 1. ; syn. ancient, antique, archaic, dated, obsolete, old, outdated;
2.
antique [nt k] n
antiquitarian [n tikwiterin] n

antiquities [ntikwitiz] n
51

antiquity

any

antiquity [ntikwti] n 1. , ; 2.

antistat [ntistt] adj -

, ; the na
tions of ; 3. pl

antirattler [ ntirtl] n
antirheumatics [ ntirmtiks] n

antirrhinum [ ntirainm] n .

antirust [ ntirst] adj
antiscience [ ntisains] adv
antiscientific [nti saintifik] adj

antiscorbutic [ ntiskbjtik] adj


I ; II n
antiSemite [ ntis mait] n
antiSemitic [ ntismitik] adj

antistatic [ ntisttik] adj -

antiSemitism [ ntisemtiz()m]
n

antisepsis [ ntisepsis] n

antiseptic [ ntiseptik] I adj , ;


II n ; syn.
cleanser, disinfectant, purifier
antisexist [ ntiseksist] n

antisexual [ ntisekl] adj


antiship [ ntiip] adv
antiskid [ ntiskid] adj
antismog [ ntismg] adj
antisocial [ntis()l] adj 1. ; 2.

antispasmodic [ ntispzmdik]
adj
antisplash [ ntispl] adj
52

antistrophon [ntistrfn] n ,

antisubmarine [ ntisbmr n] adj

antisudorific [nti sjdrifik] adj



antisymmetry [ ntisimtri] n
antitank [ ntitk] adj
antitechnology [ ntiteknli] n

antiterrorist [ ntiterrist] n
antitheism [ nti iz()m] n
antitheist [ nti ist] n
antithesis [ ntisis] n (pl eses)
1. , ;
2. ,
antithetic [ ntietik] adj

antitoxic [ ntitksik] adj


antitoxin [ ntitksin] n

antitransformation [nti trnsfmei()n] n

antitrust [ ntitrst] adj

antitussive [ ntitsiv] n

antitypal [nti taipl] n

antiunion [ ntijnin] adj

antivermicular [ ntiv:mikjl] adj

antiviral [ ntivairl] adj

antiwar [ ntiw] adj


antizymic [ ntizaimik] adj

antizymotic [ ntizaimtik] adj


antonym [ntnim] n
antonymy [ntnimi] n
antre [nt] n
antrorse [ntrs] adj
e

antrum [ntrm] n
antsy [ntsi] adj
anuclear [njkli] adj

anuran [njrn] n
anury [njri] n
anus [eins] . n .

anvil [nvil] n ; cho


rus . , , ; on
( upon) the . ,
; ,
anxiety [zaiti] n ; syn.
apprehension, care, concern, foreboding, impatience, restlessness, uneasiness, worry
anxiolytic [ zailitik] n
anxious [ks] adj 1. , (for,
about); to be, to feel about
; 2. ,
( , );
3. (for, to); to
be for success ; I am to see him

any [eni] I pron 1. 
 ( . . .); can you find ex
cuse? 
, ?;
have you money?
?; 2. , ( . .); you can get it in
shop
; in case
; at time ;
II adv 1. ;  ( );
they are not the worse for it

anybody
; 2. . ; ;
anybody [enibdi] n, pron ; ; I haven't seen
; is he ?  (
) ?
anyhow [eni ha] adv 1.
; ; I could not get in
; 2. ;
; you won't be
late ,
; 3. ; ;
to feel
anyone [eni wn] n, pron 1. 
; 2. ,
anyplace [eni pleis] adv
anything [eni i] n, pron 1. 
( . . .);
have you lost ? 
?; he hasn't found
; 2. ,
( . .); take you
like , ; but ; he ran like

anytime [eni taim] adv

anyway [eni wei] adv


;
anywhere [eni we] adv 1. ,  ( . . .); I don't want to go
; 2.
, , ( . .); you can get it

anywise [eniwaiz] adv

aorta [eit] n .
aortic [eitik] adj
apace [peis] adv ; ill news
comes .

apagoge [ pgi] n

apart [pt] adv 1. , ; to set ; to

apocryphal
stand , ; joking ; syn.
alone, away, by oneself, independently, individually, on one's own,
separate, singly; 2. , ;
; 3. ,
apartheid [pt heit] n
apartment [ptmnt] n 1. ; ; syn. accommodation,
flat, living quarters, lodgings, room,
rooms; 2. . ; house

apartness [ptns] n
apatetic [ ptetik] adj
apathetic [ petik] adj , , ; syn. cold, cool, emotionless, impassive, indifferent,
passive, unconcerned, unfeeling,
uninterested
apathy [pi] n , ; syn. coldness, coolness,
impassivity, indifference, inertia, passiveness
apatite [ptait] n .
ape [eip] I n 1. (. ); 2. . ,
; to act, to play the
, ;
II v , ;
syn. caricature, copy, imitate, mirror,
parody, parrot, take off
apeak [p k] adv . , ,
aper [eip] n
aperient [pirint] I adj , ; II n .

aperitif [ pert f] n
aperture [ptj] n
apery [eipri] n
apex [eipeks] n
aphid [eifid] n (pl aphides)
aphorism [friz()m] n ,

aphorist [frist] n

aphoristic [ fristik] adj

aphotic [ftik] adj

aphrodisiac [ frdizik] n

aphtha [f] n . 1.
( ); 2. (
)

aphthong [f] n
apian [eipin] I adj ; II

apiarist [eipirist] n
apiary [eipiri] n
apical [pik()l] adj 1. . ; 2. ,

apices [eipis z] pl apex


apiculate [pikjlit] adj

apiculture [eipikl] n

apiece [p s] adv ;


, , they had five
roubles

apis [eipis] n
apish [eipi] adj 1. ;
2. ; 3.
apisination [ eipisinei()n] n

apitoxin [ eipitksin] n
aplacental [ plsentl] adj

aplasia [eiplei ] n
aplenty [plenti] adv . , ,
aplomb [plm] n
apneusis [pnjsis] n
Apocalypse [pk lips] n
apocalyptic [ pkliptik] adj

apocalypticism [ pkliptisiz()m]
n C
apocopic [ pkpik] adj
apocryphal [pkrf()l] adj ;
53

apodyterium

appeal

apodyterium [ pditirim] n

apostatize [psttaiz] v -


apogean [ p n] adj
apogee [p  ] n
apograph [pgrf] n
apolaustic [ plstik] adj
apologetic [ pletik] adj , ; syn.
conscience-stricken, regretful, remorseful, repentant, rueful, sorry
apologetics [ pletiks] n
apologia [ pli] n
apologist [pl ist] n
apologize [pl aiz] v (  for, 
to)
apologue [plg] n
apology [pli] n ;
syn. acknowledgement, confession,
defence, excuse, explanation, justification, plea
apomecometry [ pmikmtri] n
e
aponeurosis [ pnjrsis] n
apophasis [pfsis] n

apophthegm [pem] n

apoplectic [ pplektik] adj ()


apoplexy [ppleksi] n ,
aporose [ prs] adj
aport [pt] adv

apostasy [pstsi] n ( . .);


(, )
apostate [psteit] I n ; ; II adj
apostatic [ psttik] adj

( . .)
apostil [pstil] n
apostle [ps()l] n 1. ;
2. .
apostleship [pslip] n
apostolate [pstlit] n
apostolic [ pstlik] adj ,
apostrophe [pstrfi] n 1. .
, ( ,
. .); 2.
apostrophic [ pstrfik] adj
apostrophize
[pstrfaiz]
v
1. . 
 ( , .
.); 2.
apothecary [pkri] n 1. .
. ; 2. .
apothegm [pem] = apoph
thegm
apotheosis [ pisis] n
apotropaic [ ptrpeiik]
appal [pl] v ; ;
syn. alarm, dismay, frighten, horrify,
intimidate, scare, shock, terrify
appalling [pli] adj ;
syn. alarming, awful, frightening,
frightful, horrible, intimidating,
shocking, terrible
appallingly [plili] adv ,

appanage [pni] n 1. ; 2. ; ; 3. . , ,
apparat [prt] n
apparatus [ preits] n ,
; , ;
; syn. appliance, device,
equipment, gadget, gear, machine,
mechanism
apparel [prl] I n 1. ,
; 2. . ;
3. . ;
II v 1. ; ; 2. .

54

apparency [prnsi] n

apparent [prnt] adj 1. ; to the naked eye ; to


become , ; 2. ; , ; noon .
; time .
; syn. clear, distinct, evident, noticeable, obvious,
open, unmistakable, visible; 3.
apparently [prntli] adv ; ; syn. clearly, it
appears, obviously, outwardly, plainly,
seemingly
apparition [ pri()n] n ,

apparitional [ prinl] adj


appassionato [ psjnt] adv

appeal [p l] I v 1. ,
, , ;
to to the fact
; to to reason ; to to
arms ; to to
the country
;
syn. address, apply, ask, call, call
upon, implore, refer, request; 2. , ; ;
these pictures do not to me
, ;
syn. allure, attract, charm, interest,
tempt; 3. . ;  to from
Philip drunk to Philip sober
; II n 1.
( ; to), ( 
; for); for pardon
; 2. . ; ; Court of
; syn. application, entreaty, imploration, petition, plea, request, suit; 3. .

appealable
; ; to make an to , ( ); syn.
attraction, attractiveness, beauty,
charm
appealable [p lb()l] adj
appealingness [p lins] n
appear [pi] v 1. ;
; syn. arise, come into
view, emerge, occur, seem, show
(up), turn out; 2. (, ); to for the
defendant
;
3. ; 4. , ;
( ); syn. be published;
5. ; strange as it may
; you
to forget , ,
appearance [pirns] n 1. ; to put in an ,
; syn. appearing, arrival,
coming, emergence; 2. ()
; syn. expression, face, figure,
form, front, image, look, looks; 3. ; ; to keep up
an ; all ; ; 4. , ; 5.
appeasable [p zb()l] adj ,
appease [p z] v
appeasement [p zmnt] n .
appeaser [p z] n
appellant [pelnt] I adj 1. , ; 2. .
; II n
appellate [pelt] adj ; court .

appellation [ pelei()n] n ,

appellative [peltiv] I adj ; II n 1. (-

applied
) ; 2. ,

appellee [ pel ] n ,
appellor [pel] n
append [pend] v 1. ,
; 
( , . .); 2.
appendage [pendi] n ;

appendant [pendnt] n
appendectomy [ pindektmi] n

appendices [pendis z] pl ap
pendix
appendicitis [ pendisaitis] n .

appendicle [pendikl] n
appendicular [ pndikjl] adj

appendix [pendiks] n 1. ; syn. addition, appendage,


epilogue, postscript, supplement;
2. ( ); 3. .
,
apperception [ p:sep()n] n
appertain [ ptein] v ; 
appetence [pitns] n
(. )
appetency [pitnsi] n
appetent [pitnt] adj

appetite [p tait] n 1. ;


2. , ( ,
. .); sexual ; 3. , ; an
for reading
appetitive [pi taitiv] adj
appetizer [p taiz] n
appetizing [p taizi] adj , ;
;

applaud [pld] v 1. ;
syn. clap; 2. ; syn. acclaim, approve, compliment, congratulate, praise
applause [plz] n 1. ; syn. cheers, ovation; 2. ; syn. acclaim, approval,
congratulation, praise
applausive [plsiv] n
apple [p()l] n ;  of
discord ; of the
eye ; .
applecart [plkt] n
;  to upset one's

appledumpling [pl dmpli] n
,
applejack [plk] n .
appleknocker [pl nk] n
applesauce [plss] n

appliance [plains] n ; syn. apparatus, device,


instrument, machine, mechanism,
tool
applicability [ plikbilti] n
applicable [plikb()l] adj , , ; syn. appropriate, fit, proper,
relevant, suitable, suited, useful
applicant [pliknt] n ;
, ;
application [ plikei()n] n 1. ; ; form ;
syn. appeal, claim, enquiry, request;
2. ; ;
syn. function, purpose, relevance;
3. ; (); 4. ,

applicative [pliktiv] adj


applicator [plikeit] n
applicatory [pliktri] adj
applied [plaid] adj
55

apply

approachable

apply [plai] v 1. (

appositive [pzitiv] adj -

dull of ;

, , , . .); 2. ;
; ; ( ); to brakes
; to the undertakings
; to
oneself to ,

; 3. , ,
; this role applies to
all
appoint [pint] v ; syn.
assign, delegate, designate, direct, fix,
name, nominate
appointee [ pint ] n
appointive [pintiv] adj . ,
( )
appointment [pintmnt] n 1. , ( ); syn. choice, choosing,
commissioning, election, naming,
nomination; 2. , ;
he holds no
; 3. ,
; we made
an for tomorrow - ; to
keep (to break) an
( ) , ; syn. arrangement, date,
engagement, interview, meeting;
4. pl ; ,

apportion [p()n] v , , (, ); to one's


time
apportionment [p()nment] n

apposer [pz] n
apposite [pzit] adj ;
;
apposition [ pzi()n] n 1. , ; of
seal ; 2. .

appositional [ pzi()nl] adj


appraisable [preizb()l] adj
appraisal [preizl] n ;
syn. appreciation, estimate, estimation, evaluation, examination,
judgement, pricing, sizing up, valuation
appraise [preiz] v ,
appraisement [preizmnt] n
appraiser [preiz] n ,

appreciable [pr b()l] adj ,


appreciate [pr i eit] v 1. , () ; ; ; to
the necessity , ; syn. acknowledge, admire,
like, respect, treasure, value; 2. ; ; to colours
; 3. ()

appreciation [ pr iei()n] n
1. , ,
; 2. , ; 3. ; of
capital
appreciative [pr itiv] adj ,
appreciatory [pr tri] adj
apprehend [ prihend] v 1. , , ;
2. ; 3.
( ), (), ; to danger

3.
,
;
4. . ; 5. ;

56

apprehensibility [pri hensibilti]


n

apprehensible

[ prihensib()l]

adj ,

apprehension [ prihen()n] n
1. , ; 2. ; ;
quick of ;

; to be un
der of one's life
; syn. alarm, anxiety,
concern, fear, foreboding, misgiving,
suspicion
apprehensive [ prihensiv] adj
1. , ;
2. , ; 3. ,

apprentice [prentis] I n 1. ,
; 2. . ;
II v
apprenticement [prentismnt] n

apprenticeship [prentisip] n
1. , ; 2.
; articles of
appression [pre()n] n
apprise1 [praiz] v ,
apprise2, apprize [praiz] v .
,
appro [pr] . (. on
approbation, on approval)
( )
approach [pr] I v 1. , ; syn. advance,
approximate, be like, come close,
come near to, near, reach; 2.
, ; I ed him on the matter ;
II n 1. ; syn. advance,
arrival; 2. , ; road
. , ;
3. . ; syn. attitude,
manner, method, procedure, style,
technique
approachability [ prbilti] n

approachable [prb()l] adj


1. ; ; syn.
accessible, easy, friendly, open, reach-

approachless
able; 2.
( . .)
approachless [prls] adj
approbate [prbeit] v . ;
approbation [ prbei()n] n
1. ; on = appro;
2. , ; by
approbative [prbeitiv] adj
approbatory [ prbeitri] adj

approof [prf] n
appropriate [prprit] I adj
, ;
syn. applicable, fit, proper, relevant, right, suitable; II v 1. ; syn. assign, assume, misappropriate, pocket, seize, steal, take;
2. ; 3. .
appropriation [ prpriei()n] n
1. ; 2.
( ); Appropri
ation Bill
approvable [prvb()l] adj
approval [prv()l] n 1. , ; on = appro;
syn. acclaim, acclamation, appreciation, authorisation, green light, licence, ratification, recommendation,
validation; 2. ; to sub
mit for ,
approve [prv] v ; syn.
advocate, authorise, confirm, consent
to, favour, permit, recommend, regard, validate
approvement [prvmnt] n
approver [prv] n

approvingly [prvili] adv
approximal [prksiml] adj

arachis
approximate [prksimit] I adj
, ; val
ue . ;
II v 1. (); ; 2.

approximately [prksimtli] adv


, ,

approximation [ prksimei()n] n
1. ; 2. , . .
approximative [prksimitiv] adj

appurtenance [p:tinns] n (.
pl) ,
appurtenant [p:tinnt] I adj
; ;
II n ,
apricot [eipri kt] n
(, )
April [eiprl] n ;  fool
, 1
a priori [ eiprairai] . adv
apron [eiprn] n
apropos [prp] . I adv
1. , ; 2. , ; of this
; II a ,

apt [pt] adj , ; syn. applicable, appropriate,


fit, fitting, likely, proper, relevant, suitable
apterous [ptrs] adj .
apteryx [ptriks] n
aptitude [pti tjd] n ;
; syn. ability, bent, capability, gift, proficiency, quickness,
talent, tendency
aptness [ptns] n
aqua [kw] n
aquaboard [kwbd] n
aquacade [kwkeid] n

aquafarm [kwfm] n

aquafortis [ kwftis] n

aqualung [kw l] n


aquamarine [ kwmr n] n

aquanaut [kwnt] n
aquanautics [ kwntiks] n

aquaplane [kw plein] n

aquarelle [ kwrel] n
aquarellist [ kwrelist] n

aquarium [kwerim] n
Aquarius [kweris] n

aquatic [kwtik] I adj ;


; II n

aquatics [kwtiks] n

aquatint [kwtint] n .

aqueous [eikwis] adj 1. ;


; chamber .
; humour .
; 2. .
aquiculture [kwikl] n
aquifer [kwif] adj

aquilon [kwiln] n
aquose [eikws] adj
Arab [rb] n 1. ; 2.
;  street
araba [rb] n
arabesque [ rbesk] I adj 1. ; 2. ,
; II n
Arabian [reibin] I adj ;
 Nights' Entertainments "; II n

Arabic [rbik] I adj ;


; II n
arabism [rbiz()m] n
arabist [rbist] n
arable [rbl] I adj ; II n

arachis [rkis] n
57

arachnid
arachnid [rknid] n

arachnoid [rknid] I adj .


; II n . ()
arachnology [ rknli] n
aragonite [rgnait] n
aramaean [ rm n] n
Aramaic [ rmeiik] n

araneid [rein id] n


araneidal [ rn idl] adj
arbalest [blist] n ,
arbalester [blist] n

arbalist [blist] n
arbalister [blist] n

arbiter [bit] n ,
arbitrable [bitrb()l] adj
arbitrage [bitr ] n 1. ,
; 2.
arbitral [bitrl] adj
arbitrament [bitrmnt] n 1. ; 2. ,
arbitrariness [bitrrins] n
arbitrary [bitrri] adj
arbitrate [bitreit] v 1.
; ; 2.

arbitration [ bitrei()n] n ,
arbitrator [bitreit] n
;
arbitrement [bitrmnt] n
arblast [blst] n
arbor1 [b] n ; Arbor Day
.
58

archery
arbor2 [b] n . , ,

arboraceous [ breis] adj ;

arboral [brl] adj


arborary [brri] adj
arboreous [bris] adj 1. ; 2.
arboret [brt] n
arboreta [ br t] n

arboretum [ br tm] n (pl ta)


arboriculture [bri kl] n ,

arboriculturist [ briklrist] n

arboriform [brifm] adj

arborist [brist] n
arborization [ brizei()n] n
1. .
,

;
2. .
arbour [b] n 1. ( ); 2. . ; ; ;

arbuscle [bsl] n

arbute [bjt] n
arbutus [bjts] n

arc [k] n
arcade [keid] n 1. . ;
; 2.
Arcadian [keidin] I adj ; ; II n

arcane [kein] adj
arcanum [keinm] n (pl na)
arch [-] pref ; archbishop
; archliar ;
archrogue
arch1 [] I n 1. ; ; ;
; ; 2. . ; II v
1. . ; -

; 2. ()
arch2 [] adj ,

archaeoastronomy [ kistrnmi] n
archaeography [ kigrfi] n

archaeologian [ kilin] n

archaeologic [ kilik] adj

archaeological

[ kilik()l]

adj

archaeologist [ kilist] n

archaeology [ kili] n

archaeomagnetism [ kimgnitiz()m] n
archaeometry [ kimitri] n

archaeopteryx [ kiptriks] n

archaeozoic [ kizik] adj

archaic [keiik] adj ,


; syn. ancient, antiquated,
antique, obsolete, old, outdated, outof-date, primitive
archaism [keiiz()m] n ,

archaistic [ keiistik] adj
archangel [k ein()l] n 1. ; 2. .
archbishop [ bip] n
archbishopric [biprik] n
arched [t] adj ; ; ; ;
girder . ,
archegonium [ kignim] n
archenemy [ enmi] n

archer [] n 1. ;
2. Archer

archery [ri] n

archetypal
archetypal [ki taip()l] adj

archetype [kitaip] n ;
syn. classic, idea, model, original,
pattern, prototype, standard, type
archfiend [ f nd] n
archfoe [ f] n
archibald [ibld] n . .

archimandrite [ kimndrait] n

Archimedean [ kim din] adj


archipelago [ kipel g] n (pl
os, oes) 1. ;
; 2. Archipelago
architect [ki tekt] n 1. , ; civil
; naval
; syn. artist, author, constructor, creator, designer, master
builder, planner; 2. . ,
;  of his own for
tunes
architectonic [ kitektnik] adj
1. , ; 2.
architectonics [ kitektniks] n

architectural [ kitekrl] adj


architecturalist [ kitekrlist] n

architecture [ki tek] n , ; . ; syn. building, construction, design, make-up, planning, structure,
style
archival [kaiv()l] adj
archive [kaiv] n ; syn. annal, chronicle, document
archivist [kivist] n ,

archivistics [ kivistiks] n
archly [li] adv
archness [ns] n ;

argument
arciform [sifm] adj

arctation [ktei()n] n
arctic [ktik] I adj ,
, ; Arctic
Circle ;
fox ; II n Arctic
arctics [ktiks] n e
arcual [kjl] adj
arcuate [kjt] adj , ;
arcuation [ kjei()n] n
arcus [ks] n
ardea [di] n
ardency [dnsi] n 1. ; 2. . ,
ardent [d()nt] adj 1. ;
; heat ; spirits
; syn. dedicated,
devoted, enthusiastic, fierce, impassioned, intense, keen, warm; 2. ; ,
ardently [(r)dn()tli] adv ,

ardometer [dmit] n
ardour [d] n , ,
arduous [djus] adj 1. ;
2. ; ;
3. ,
are [] . . .
to be
area [eri] n 1. , ; syn. district, domain,
extent, locality, neighbourhood,
part, region, scope, sector, stretch,
territory, tract, zone; 2. . ; of a triangle
; 3. ; ;
; ; 4. , ;
wide of thought
areal [eril] adj
arena [r n] n 1. ; 2.
; ; 3.
arenaceous [ rineis] adj ;

arenaria [ rineri] n
arenation [ rinei()n] n

aren't [nt] . = are not


areocentric [ risentrik]

adj

areographic

[ rigrfik]

adj

areography [ rigrfi] n

areology [ rili] n
areometer [ rimit] n
areometry [ rimitri] n

Areopagus [ ripgs] .. n


,

argali [gli] n
rgentina [ntin]
Argentinian [ ntinin] n

argil [il] n

argon [gn] n .
Argonaut [gnt] n 1. . ; 2. (argonaut) . ; 3. (argonaut) . ()

argot [g] n ,
argotic [gtik] adj
arguable [gjub()l] adj
argue [(r)gju] v 1. ;
2. (into, out of); to a
man out of an opinion
; 3. ; it s
him (to be) an honest man
, ; 4. ; ;
to against ; to
in favour of
; syn. claim, debate, disagree, discuss, dispute, indicate, maintain, persuade, prove, quarrel, question, reason, show
argufy [gjfai] v .

argument [gjmnt] n 1. ,
; syn. assertion, claim,
defence, logic, reason, reasoning;
2. ; , ;
a matter of ;
59

argumentation

armourclad

syn. conflict, disagreement; dispute,


fight, quarrel, row, wrangle

arithmograph [rimgrf] n -

argumentation [ gjmentei()n]
n 1. ; 2.
argumentative [ gjmenttiv] adj
1. ; 2. -

arithmometer [ rimmit] n -

arguseyed [gsaid] adj ;

argute [gjt] adj 1. , ; 2.


( )

aria [ri] n
arid [rid] adj 1. , , ,
( ); . ; region
;
; 2. . ,
aridity [ridti] n ;
Aries [er z] n .
aright [rait] adv
ariose [ris] adj
arioso [ riz] n
arise [raiz] v 1. , ; syn. appear, begin,
emerge, grow, happen, issue, occur,
originate, result, rise, spring, start;
2. , (from); 3. .
( ); 4. . ;

aristo [rist] n
aristocracy [ ristkrsi] n
aristocrat [rist krt] n
aristocratic [ ristkrtik] adj

aristocraticism
[ ristkrtisiz()m] n
arithmetic [ rimtik] n ;

arithmetical [ rimetik()l] adj


; mean

arithmetician [ rimti()n] n

60

armbar [mb] n
armchair [m e] n
armdrag [mdrg] n

ark [k] n 1. , ; Ark of

armed [md] adj ;

the Covenant . ;
Noah's (.
); 2. . ; .
arkose [ks] n
arles [lz] n
arm1 [m] n 1. (
); to fold in one's s ; to keep at 's
length
; to walk in
; syn. bough, branch,
department, division, limb, section,
upper limb; 2. (); 3. ; of a river
; 4. ,
()
arm2 [m] I n 1. pl ; small
arms ; in arms
; to arms! !; 2. . pl ; 3. ; 4. pl ,
; II v 1. (); to be armed with
information ; syn. ammunition, equip, fortify, outfit, prepare, reinforce, steel, strengthen;
2. ,
armada [md] n ( ); the Invincible
Armada . " (1588 .)
armadillo [ mdil] n ,

armalcolite [mlklait] n
armament [mmnt] n 1. ; 2.
armarian [merin] n

armarium [merim] n
armature [m tj] n
armband [m bnd] n

, ; syn.
armoured, equipped, fortified, guarded, protected, steeled, strengthened
Armenian [m nin] I adj ; II n 1. ; 2.
armful [mfl] n
armhole [mhl] n
armiger [mi] n
armillaria [ mileri]

armillary [milri] adj


arming [mi] n ;
armipotence [miptns] n
armipotent [miptnt] adj
armistice [mistis] n
;
armless1 [mls] adj 1. ;
2.
armless2 [mls] adj
armlet [mlit] n
armlock [mlk] n
armoire [mw] n
armorer [mr] n
armorial [mril] I adj , ; II n
armorist [mrist] n
armory [mri] n ;
armour [m] I n 1. ,
, , ; 2.
(, . .); 3. ; 4. ();
5. attr. , ; II v
armourbearer [ mber] n .

armourclad [mkld] I adj ; ; II n

armoured
armoured

[md] adj ; ; car


, ;
concrete ; forces
; train ;
troops
armourer [mr] n
;
armourplate [ mpleit] n ,
armourplated [ mpleitid] adj
,
armoury [mri] n 1. , ; 2. .

armozine [ mz n] n
armpad [m pd] n
armpit [mpit] n
armrack [m rk] n

armrest [m rest] n


arms [mz] n
army [mi] n ; . ; join the
; Salvation Army
; syn. armed force, land
forces, legions, military, militia, soldiers, troops
arnica [nik] n ., .
aroar [r] adv
aroba [rb] n
aroma [rm] n ,
aromatic [ rmtik] adj , ; com
pound .
aromatization [ rmtaizei()n]
n

arose [rz] past arise


around [rand] I adv 1. ,
; syn. all over, close,
everywhere, here and there, in
all directions, near, on all sides;
2. . ; ;
II prp 1. ; 2. . ; ;
; syn. about, approximately, circa, enclosing, more or less,
on every side of, roughly, surrounding

arrestive
arousal [raz()l] n
arouse [raz] v ; .

arras [rs] n ; ,

, ; my sus
picions were d
; syn. agitate, awaken,
excite, inflame, provoke, stimulate,
wake, waken
arow [r] adv
arquebusier [ kwibsi] n e
arrack [rk] n ( )
arraign [rein] v , ; to before the bar
of public opinion

arraignment [reinmnt] n ,
arrange [rein] v 1.
; (); syn.
adjust, fix, order, organise, plan,
regulate, settle; 2. ,
; syn. classify,
systematise; 3.
,
,
;
everything was d beforehand
;
4. ();
; 5.
(., ); 6. .

arrangement
[reinmnt] n
1. ; ; 2. , ; syn. disposition, order, organisation, plan, structure, system;
3. ; ;
to make s (with someone)
( ); ( ),
; syn. agreement, contract, settlement; 4. pl
, ; ;
5. ( . .);
6. .
arranger [rein] n
arrant [rnt] adj , ; ; nonsense

array [rei] I v 1. ; 2. . (against); 3.

, (in); to
oneself in all one's finery
; 4. .
; II n 1. ;
2. ; 3. .
; , ; 4. ,
, ;
5. .
arrayal [reil] n
arrears [ri] n , , ; to be in
; (.
); s of rent ( of
wages) (); s of work
arrearage [riri] n
arrect [rekt] adj
arrest [rest] I v 1. ,
; syn. halt, hold,
obstruct, restrain, slow, stop; 2. ; 3. (,
); syn. absorb, catch, grip,
occupy; 4. (,
); ; II n 1. , ; of judgement
; 2. , ; ,
; under ,
; 3. . ,
arrestee [rest ] adj
arrester [rest] n 1. . ;
lightning ; 2. .

arresting [resti] adj 1. ; ; de
vice . ; 2. ;
arrestive [restiv] adj
61

arrestment
arrestment [restmnt] n

arrhythmia [rimi] n
arrhythmic [rimik] adj

arris [ris] n 1. ; ;
; 2. .
arrisways [risweiz] adv
arrival [raiv()l] n 1. ;
syn. advent, appearance, approach,
coming, entrance; 2. ; 3. . .
arrive [raiv] v 1. ; syn.
appear, come, enter, occur, reach,
turn up; 2. ; to at a
conclusion ; 3. ( ,
)
arrivisme [ r v z()m] n
arriviste [ r v st] n
arrogance [rgns] n ,
arrogant [rgnt] adj , ; syn. contemptuous, haughty, imperious,
presumptuous, proud, supercilious
arrogate [rgeit] v
arrogation [ rgei()n] n
arrondissement [ rnd smnt] n

arrow [r] n ;
(, )
arrowhead [rhed] n 1. , ; 2. .

arrowheaded [rhedid] adj ;
arrowy [ri] adj 1. ; 2. . ,
arse [s] n
arsenal [sn()l] n 1. ;
; 2. . ,
arsenate [snt] n
arsenic [snik] n .
arsenic(al) [senik()l] adj
62

artillery
arsis [sis] n
arson [s()n] n
arsonist [snist] n
art [t] n 1. ; the Fine
Arts ; syn. artwork, craft, craftsmanship, drawing,
painting, sculpture; 2. ;
syn. aptitude, dexterity; 3. ; 4. ; industrial
(mechanical useful) s ; 5. , ; syn.
knowledge, mastery, profession, skill;
 to have, to be and part in
, ; black

artefact [ti fkt] n


artefactual [ tifkl] adj
arterial [tiril] adj 1. ; 2. ; drai
nage ; road , ; traffic

arteriole [tiril] n
arteriology [ tirili] n
arteritis [ traitis] n
artery [tri] n
artesian [t zin] adj
artful [tfl] adj , ;
syn. crafty, cunning, dexterous, foxy,
shrewd, skilful, sly, tricky
artfulness [tflns] n ,
;
arthritis [raitis] n .
( )
arthropathy [rpi] n
arthropoda [rpd] n
arthrosis [rsis] n
arthrotomy [rtmi] n
arthrotropic [ rtrpik] adj

artichoke [tik] n

article [tik()l] n 1. ; syn.


commentary, essay, report, review,
story; 2. , ; the
Articles
of
War

( ); the Thirty
nine Articles 39 ; to be
under s ; syn. paragraph, section;
3. (); s of daily
necessity ; syn. item object, piece,
thing, unit; 4. . , ;
5. in the of death

articulable [tikjlb()l] adj


articulacy [tikjlsi] n

articular [tikjl] adj


articulate [tikj lt] I adj 1. ; 2. , ; 3. , ;
; II v
articulation
[ tikjlei()n]
n
1. . ; syn. diction,
pronunciation, speaking, utterance,
verbalisation, voicing; 2. . ; 3. . ,
;
()
articulationist [ tikjleinist] n

articulatory [tikj ltri] adj


artifactual [ tifkl] adj
artifice [tifis] n , ;
artificial [ tifi()l] adj ;
artificiality [ tifiilti] n
artillerist [tilrist] n
artillery [tilri] n ;
board ,
; emplacement . ; engagement ; mount -

artilleryman
; range ; accompa
nying . ,

artilleryman [tilrimn] n
artiodactyl [ tidktil] n
artisan [ tizn] n ,

artist [tist] n 1. ; syn.


craftsman, master, painter, portraitpainter, sculptor; 2.
artiste [t st] n ()
artistic [tistik] adj
artistry [tistri] n
artless [tls] adj 1. , ; 2. ;
3.
artware [twe] n
artwork [tw:k] n

Aryan [erin] I adj ; II n

as [z] adv, conj, pron 1. ; do


as you are told , ()
; as per order . ; 2. ; some
animals, as the fox and the
wolf... ,
, ...; 3. ; to appear as
Hamlet ;
4. , (. just
as); he came in as I was speaking
, ; just as
I reached the door
; 5. ;
I could not stay, as it was late
,
; syn. because, in
the character of, in the manner of,
in the role of, like, since, such as,
that; 6. ; I was glad of his
help, slight as it was
, ; 7. inf. be so good
as to come -

ashbin
;  as...as ... (he is
as tall as you are , ); as far as ; (as far as I know
; I will go
as far as the station with you
); as for
,
asbestine [sbestin] adj ;
asbestos [sbests] n .
asbestosis [ sbestsis] n
ascariasis [ skraisis] n
ascarid [skrid] n
ascend [send] v (,
); ; the throne
; in ing order of magni
tude ; syn. climb, fly up, go up,
mount, move up, rise, tower
ascendancy [sendnsi] n ,
(over),

ascendant [sendnt] I adj 1. ; 2. ; II n


1. , , ;
2.
ascendent [sendnt] = ascendant
ascension [sen()n] n 1. , ; balloon .
; 2. .
; to power ;  Ascension Day . ; Ascension tide

ascensional [sen()nl] adj
1. ; ventilation .
; 2. ; power .
; rate .
,
ascensive [sensiv] adj
ascent [sent] n 1. ,
; syn. ascending, climb, elevation, escalation, hill, mounting, rise;
2.
ascertain [ stein] v ;

ascertainment [ steinment] n

ascetic [setik] I adj -

; ; II n ,
asceticism [seti siz()m] n ; syn. abstinence, celibacy,
moderation, self-control, self-discipline
ascientific [ eisaintifik] adj
ascites [sait z] n
ascorbic [skbik] adj
ascribable [skraibb()l] adj
ascribe [skraib] v ;
syn. accredit, assign, attribute,
charge, credit, put down
ascription [skrip()n] n
asdic [zdik] n
asea [s ] adv ;
aseismatic [ eisaizmtik] adj

aseismic [saizmik] adj


asepsis [eisepsis] n
aseptic [septik] I adj , ; ; II n

asexual [eisekl] adj


ash1 [] n 1. (. pl) , ; to burn to s ;
to turn to dust and es ( ); 2. pl
()
ash2 [] n ; mountain ,
wild
ashake [eik] adj
ashamed [eimd] adj ; to be (of) ;
I felt for her
; syn. abashed, confused,
conscience-stricken, embarrassed, humiliated, self-conscious, sorry
ashberry [beri] n
ashbin [bin] n 1. = ashcan;
2. .
63

ashbox
ashbox [bks] n . ;

ashcake [keik] n

ashcan [kn] n . ,

ashen [()n] adj


ashery [ri] n
ashes [iz] n
ashine [ain] adj
ashipboard [ipbd] adv

ashiver [iv] adj


ashkey [k ] n
ashore [] adv , ; to come, to go
; to run , to be driven
ashpan [pn] n
ashpit [pit] n
ashplant [ plnt] n
ashtray [trei] n 1. ;
2. .
AshWednesday [ wenzdi] n

ashy [i] adj 1. ;


2.
sian [ei()n] n
Asiatic [ eiitik] I adj ;
II n
aside [said] I adv ;
from . ; to
speak (
); to take (a person) () ; to
turn for a moment
; II n ,

asinine [si nain] adj ,
asininity [ sininti] n
ask [sk] v 1. , (about, after a thing);
to a question ;
to after a person's health  ;
syn. appeal, beg, claim, demand, enquire, interrogate, question, quiz, re64

aspirator
quest, require; 2. ();
to a favour (for help) ( );
3. (. . to
out); 4. ; it s (for)
attention ;
 me another! . .
, () !; to
for it .
; to
(a horse) the question
( )
( )
askance [skns] adv ,
; he looked at me
,
askant [sknt] = askance
askew [skj] adv , ,
; to hang a picture ; to look at

aslant [slnt] I adv , ; II prp
asleep [sl p] adj 1. ; to
be ; to fall ;
syn. dozing, fast asleep, resting,
sleeping, sound asleep; 2. . , ; 3. ( ,
)
aslope [slp] adv , ;
;
asmear [smi] adj
asmoke [smk] adv
asocial [eis()l] adj
asociality [ei silti] n
asp [sp] n . ;
asparagine [spr n] n
asparagus [sprgs] n
asparkle [spk()l] adj
aspect [spekt] n 1. ; my house
has a southern
; 2. ; ;
3. , ; to consider a
question in all its s ;

economic s
aspectual [spekl] adj
aspen [spn] I n ; II adj
; to tremble like an
leaf ,
aspergillum [ spilm] n
asperity [sperti] n ,
; ; he spo
ke with
aspermia [sp:mi] n
asperse [sp:s] v 1. ;
; 2. , ,

aspersion [sp:()n] n 1. ; 2. ; to cast s on


a person 
asphalt [sflt] I n ; ; works . ; II v ,

asphaltic [sfltik] adj


asphericity [ eisfiristi] n
asphyxia [sfiksi] n . ,
asphyxiant [sfiksint] n
asphyxiate [sfiksi eit] v
, ;
asphyxiator [sfiksi eit] n
asphyxy [sfiksi] n
aspic [spik] n ()
aspirant [spairnt] I adj , ; II n ;
aspirate [sprt] I n 1. ; 2. ; II v
aspiration
[ spirei()n]
n
1. ; ;
syn. aim, ambition, desire, dream,
hope, object, purpose, wish; 2. .

aspirator [spreit] n 1. ; 2. () ;

aspire
aspire [spai] v 1. , ; syn. aim, desire, dream,
hope, intend, purpose, pursue, seek,
wish; 2. ., . ,

aspirin [sprin] n
asportation [ sptei()n] n

asquint [skwint] adv
ass [s] n ; to make an of
oneself
; ; syn.
donkey, jackass, jenny, mule
assail [seil] v ., . ; ; I was ed by
doubts ;
with questions ,
assailable [seilb()l] adj ,
assailant [seilnt] n ,

assassin [ssin] n ; syn.
cut-throat, executioner, killer, murderer, slayer
assassinate [ssi neit] v ;
syn. eliminate, kit, liquidate, murder,
slay
assassination [ ssinei()n] n

assault [slt] I n 1. ,
; , ; gun .
; to take, to car
ry a fortress by
, ; syn. attack,
incursion, offensive, raid, storm,
strike; 2. . ; and battery . ; 3. ; 4. attr.
. ; II v 1. ;
( , ); 2. ; ; ; syn. attack, hit, invade, set upon, strike; 3. .

assaulter [slt] n 1. ,
; ; 2. .

assibilation
assaultive [sltiv] adj

assay [sei] I n 1. ; ; ; ( );
balance ; mark
of ; 2. ; 3. . ;
II v 1. ,
( ); 2. ,
assayer [sei] n 
assemblage [sembli] n 1. ; ; of curves . ; 2. ;
; ; 3. . , ,
assemble [semb()l] v ,
; . ; syn.
accumulate, bring together, collect,
compose, gather, group, meet, put together, summon
assembly [sembli] n 1. ,
; ; ; Unit
ed Nations General Assembly
; syn. assemblage, collection, company, council,
gathering, group, meeting; 2. (As
sembly) ; ( ); 3. .
(); ; shop ;
4. . ; ,

assent [sent] v 1.
 ; ; 2. . ,
; II n ;
, ; Royal As
sent ( )
assentation [ sentei()n] n
assert [s:t] v 1. ; ; syn. affirm, allege, claim,
declare, defend, maintain, pronounce, state, testify to; 2. ,
, (

. .); to oneself
; ,
assertative [s:ttiv] adj
assertion [s:()n] n 1. ; a mere
; syn. affirmation,
allegation, claim, declaration, statement, word; 2. (
. .)
assertive [s:tiv] adj 1. ; ; 2. , ,
;
assertor [s:t] n
assess [ss] v 1.
, . .; 2. ; ; 3.
; syn. compute, consider, estimate, evaluate, judge, rate, size up,
value
assessable [sesb()l] adj
assesseur [ ses:] n 1. , ; 2. ( )
assessment [sesmnt] n 1. ; ; 2. ; syn. appraisal, calculation,
determination, estimation, evaluation,
judgement, valuation
assessor [ses] n 1. (); 2.
asset [set] n 1. pl . ;
; s and liabilities
; 2. ( )
; 3. pl . ,
; 4. ; 5. ; good health is a
great 
asshead [shed] n
assibilation [ sibilei()n] n
65

assiduity
assiduity [ sidjiti] n ,

assiduous [sidjs] adj ;

assiduousness

[sidjsns] n
,
assign [sain] I v 1. ,
(, ); syn.
accredit, appoint, attribute, designate,
determine, distribute, grant, nominate, set; 2. ,
() () ; 3. ; ; 4. ();
; 5. ; II n
.
assignable [sainb()l] adj
assignat [ signt] n
assignation [ signei()n] n 1. ; 2. , ; 3.
assignee [ sain ] n 1. ; ; 2. .
; in bankruptcy


assignment [sainmnt] n 1. ; ; syn. appointment, commission, delegation,
designation,
duty,
nomination;
2. ; 3.
, ; clause
(, );
4. .
assimilability [ similbilti] n

assimilable [simi lb()l] adj


assimilate [sim leit] v 1. , ; 2. ;
3. (); 4. , ; syn. absorb, accustom, adapt, adjust, digest, incorporate,
integrate, merge, take in
assimilation [ simlei()n] n
1. ; 2. ;
3.
66

assumpsit
assimilationism [ similei()niz()m] n

assimilative [similtiv] adj

assist [sist] v 1. ; ; syn. aid, back, collaborate,


cooperate, facilitate, help, relieve,
serve, support; 2.
( )
assistance [sist()ns] n ,
; to render
; syn. aid, backing, comfort,
co-operation, help, reinforcement,
support
assistant [sist()nt] n ;
; syn. aide, associate,
auxiliary, colleague, helper, partner,
subordinate, supporter
assistantship [sistnip] n

assistless [sistls] adj


assize [saiz] n 1. ; 2. pl
; 3. .
, . .
associable [sib()l] adj
associate [ss eit] I v 1. (), (),
; 2. ; to
oneself with
,
; II adj ; ; ; societies
; editor .
; professor . ; III n 1. ,
; syn. assistant, collaborator, colleague, companion, coworker, friend, partner; 2. ,

association [ ssiei()n] n 1. ; 2. , , ; articles of


; syn. alliance, combination, company, corporation, group,

organisation, relation, society, union;


3. ; ();
4. , , ;
5. . ,

associative [si tiv] adj 1. ; 2.


assonance [snns] n ;
( ),

assonant [snnt] adj


assort [st] v 1. ,
, ; ; 2. ( ); 3. , ; (with)
assortment [stmnt] n 1. ,
; syn. choice, diversity,
miscellany, mixture, selection, variety;
2.
assuage [swei] v 1. ,
(, ); 2.
()
assuagement [sweimnt] n
1. , ; 2.
assuasive [sweisiv] adj
assume [sjm] v 1.
; , to re
sponsibility ; to the offensive ; an d name
; 2. ;
his illness d a very grave char
acter
; 3.
; , ;
to airs , ; syn. pretend to,
put on, simulate; 4. ,
; syn. accept, believe,
presume, suppose, surmise, think;
5. ; ,
assuming [sjmi] adj ,
assumpsit [smpsit] n

assumption
assumption [smp()n] n 1. , ; of
power ; of
friendliness ; 2. ; syn. belief,
guess, hypothesis, idea, presumption,
supposition, surmise, theory; 3. ; 4. . The Assump
tion
assumptive [smptiv] adj 1. ,
;
2. ,
assurance [rns] n 1. ;
syn. affirmation, assertion, guarantee,
promise, vow; 2. , ; 3. ;
4. (); to make
double sure .

assure [] v 1. ; syn.
affirm, comfort, confirm, ensure,
guarantee, promise, reassure, secure,
swear, warrant; 2.
, ; 3. ;
to one's life with a company

; 4. to oneself
assured [d] adj 1. ;
syn. audacious, bold, certain, confident, guaranteed, secure, self-assured,
self-confident, sure; 2. ; success is ; 3. ; ;
4.
assuredly [ridli] adv ,

assuredness [dns] n 1. ; 2. ;
assurer [r] n ;

assurgent [s:nt] n
assuror [r] n
assy [si] n
assyriology [ siri li] n
astable [eisteib()l] adj

astrodome
astart [stt] adv
astasia [stei ] n
astatic [sttik] adj . -

astonishing [stnii] adj -

; needle
asteism [stiiz()m] n
aster [st] n
astereognosis [ sterignsis] n

asteria [stiri] n
asterisk [st()risk] n 1. ;
2. . ,
asterism [striz()m] n
astern [st:n] adv . 1. ; ; ; 2. ;
full speed ()
asternal [st:nl] adj
asteroid [st rid] I n 1. . , ; 2. .
, II adj
asteroidal [ strid()l] adj
asthenia [s ni] n . ,

asthenic [senik] adj


asthenosphere [s nsfi] n
asthma [sm] n ,
asthmatic [smtik] I adj ; II n
astigmatic [ stigmtik] adj
astigmatism [stigm tiz()m] n
., .
astigmatizer [stigm taiz] n
astir [st:] adj 1.
; 2. ;
3.
astonish [stni] v ,
; syn. amaze, astound, bewilder, confound, shock, startle, stun,
surprise
astonished [stnit] adj ,

, ; syn. amazement,
bewilderment, confusion, shock, surprise, wonder
astound
[stand]
v
,; syn. amaze, astonish, baffle, bewilder, shake, shock,
stagger, stun, stupefy
astounding [standi] adj
astraddle [strd()l] adv
;
astrain [strein] adv
astrakhan [ strkn] n
astral [strl] adj ,
astrand [strnd] adv
astraphobia [ strfbi] n
astration [strei()n] n e
astray [strei] adv: to go ; to lead
astriction [strik()n] n
astrictive [striktiv] adj
astride [straid] I adv 1. ;
2. ; II prep
;
astringency [strinnsi] n
astringent [strinnt] I adj ; II n
astro [str] adj
astroasthenia [ strs ni] n

astrobiology [ strbaili] n

astrobleme [strbl m] n
astrobotany [ strbtni] n
astrochemistry [ strkemistri] n

astrocompass [ strkmps] n

astrodome [strdm] n

astonishment [stnimnt] n -

67

astrodynamics
astrodynamics [ strdainmiks]
n

astrogation [ strgei()n] n

astrogeography [ strigrfi] n

astrogeology [ strili] n

astrognosy [strgnsi] n

astrograph [strgrf] n
astrohatch [strh] n
astroid [strid] n .
astrologer [strl] n ,

astrologic [ strlik] adj

astrology [strli] n
astromancy [strmnsi] n

astromedicine [ strmeds()n] n

astrometry [strmitri] n

astronaut [str nt] n


astronautics [ strntiks] n

astronavigation [ strnvigei()n] n
astronette [ strnet] n 

astronomer [strnm] n
astronomic(al) [ strnmik()l]
adj

astronomy [strnmi] n

astrophotometer [ strftmit] n

astrophysicist [ strfizisist] n

astrophysics [ strfiziks] n

astroscope [strskp] n

astrosphere [strsfi] n

astrovehicle [ strv ik()l] n c

astute [stjt] adj ,


68

athirst
astuteness [stjtns] n

asunder [snd] adv 1. ,


; ; to
rush ; 2. , , ; torn
aswarm [swm] adj
asway [swei] adv
aswim [swim] adv
aswirl [sw:l] adj
aswoon [swn] adv
asylum [sailm] n 1. , ; syn. refuge, retreat, safety,
sanctuary, shelter; 2. (. lunatic )
asymmetric [ eisimetrik] adj
asymmetry [simtri] n , ;
syn. disproportion, irregularity, unevenness
asymptote [simtt] n
asynchronism [eisikrniz()m] n

asynchronous [eisikrns] adj


,

asyndetic [ sindetik] adj .


( )
asyndeton [sinditn] n .

asynergy [eisini] n
asyntactic [ sintktik] adj
asystole [sistl] n
at [t] prep 1. :
, , , ; home ; a
meeting ; table
; 2. :
two o'clock ; din
nertime , ; 3. : , ; peace ;
anchor ; 4.
, : ; breakfast
; work ;
what are you now? ?; 5. -

: , , ; he
looks him ;
he aims perfection , he threw a
stone me
; 6. :
; to get information the foun
tainhead
; 7.
: ; three shillings a
pound 3 ;
8. : a
loss ; a ran ;
 all ; ; all
events ; best
; ease ,
; first ;
hand ; last ;
least ; most
; no time
; once ; ; one ; that
; times
atabal [t bl] n
ataghan [tgn] n
ataman [tmn] n
ataraxia [ trksi] n
ataraxic [ trksik] n
ataraxy [trksi] n
atavism [t viz()m] n
atavistic [ tvistik] adj
ate [et] past eat
atelier [teliei] n
atemporal [temprl] adj o
atheism [eii iz()m] n ,
; syn. disbelief, godlessness,
irreligion, non-belief, rationalism, unbelief
atheist [eiiist] n ,

atheistic(al) [ eiiistik()l] adj

Athenian [ nin] I adj ; II n


athirst [:st] adj

athlete
athlete [l t] n 1. ; 2. ; syn. competitor, gymnast, runner, sportsman, sportswoman
athletic [letik] adj ; field ,

athletics [letiks] n
athome [thm] n ,
athwart [wt] adv
athwartships [wips] adv
atilt [tilt] adv
atingle [tigl] adj
Atlantic [tlntik] adj
atlas [tls] n
ATM [ ei t em] n (. an ato
mated teller machine)
atman [tmn] n
atmometer [tmmit] n
atmosphere [tmsfi] n .,
. ; . ,
; syn. aerospace, air, climate, heavens, sky
atmospheric [ tmsferik] adj ,
;
condensation

atmospherics [ tmsferiks] n
atoll [tl] n ,

atom [tm] n ; split the


; bomb

atomic [tmik] adj . ;


bomb ; energy
; weight
atomicity [ tmisti] n ,
atomics [tmiks] n
atomism [t mizm] n ,

atomist [tmist] n
atomistic [ tmistik] adj

attainable
atomize [tmaiz] v ;

atomizer [tmaiz] n ;
,

atonal [eitnl] adj


atonality [ eitnliti] n

atone [tn] v (),


,

atonement [tnmnt] n ,

atonic [eitnik] adj 1. . ; 2. .


atony [tni] n .
atop [tp] I adv , ; II prep ,

at par [tp] adv

atraumatic [ eitrmtik] adj

atremble [tremb()l] adj

atrip [trip] adv .: to be (


)
atrium [eirim] n
atrocious [ts] adj ,
;
atrocity [trsti] n 1. ,
; syn. abomination, brutality, cruelty, outrage, savagery, wickedness; 2. ; 3. . ,
atrophic [trfik] adj
atrophied [trfid] adj 1. . ; 2. ,

atrophy [trfi] I n ; ; ; II v ();


atropine [trpin] n
atropism [trpiz()m] n
attach [t] v 1. ,
, ; to
a seal to a document
; to a stamp
; the responsi
bility that es to that position
,

; syn. add, affix, annex,


associate, attribute, belong, bind, connect, fasten, fix, join, link, stick, tie;
2. ; to a
teacher to a class ; 3. , ; to one
self ; 4. ; ; to importance
(to) ,
; 5. . , ;
attached [tt] adj 1. ; ;
2. ; 3.
attachment [tmnt] n 1. ; ; syn.
affection,
attraction,
devotion,
fondness, link, love, tie; 2. ; 3. .
; 4. ,
attack [tk] I v 1. ;
; syn. assail, assault, criticise, denounce, invade, raid, storm,
strike; 2. ( );
3. , ; acid s
metals ; 4. ; ( ); II n 1. ,
;

, ; aviation
. . ;
syn. aggression, assault, incursion,
invasion, offensive, onslaught, raid;
2. pl . ; syn. criticism; 3. ,
attackable [tkb()l] adj
attacker [tk] adj
attain [tein] v , ; syn. accomplish, achieve,
acquire, arrive at, fulfil, gain, get, obtain, reach, win
attainability [ teinbilti] n
attainable [teinb()l] adj ; syn. accessible, achievable,
69

attainment
obtainable, probable, reachable, within reach
attainment [teinmnt] n 1. , ; syn. accomplishment, achievement, facility, fulfilment, proficiency; 2. pl , ; a man of varied s ; syn. ability, capability, skill
attaint [teint] I v 1.

; 2. ,
; 3. . , ( ); II n ,
attar [t] n (
); of roses
attempt [tempt] I v 1. ,
;
;
; syn. experiment, seek, tackle, try, undertake, venture; 2. ; II n 1. ; ;
; syn. attack, effort, experiment, move, shot, trial, try; 2.
attend [tend] v 1. ; (
); you are not ing
; 2. ;
 (to); ; to to the education of
one's children ; your orders
will be ed to ,
; syn. accompany, follow; 3. , ( ); the patient was
ed by Dr X X; syn. help, look after, nurse,
take care of, tend; 4. ;
(on, upon); 5. ; I will you to the the
atre ;
6. , (
, . .); I have
to a meeting
; syn. be present, frequent,
go to
attendant [tendnt] I adj 1. ,
; syn. accompanying, attached,
70

attribute
consequent, related, subsequent;
2. ; II n ,
; ;
, ; 's place ; syn. aide, assistant,
companion, helper, page, servant,
usher
attent [tent] adj
attention [ten()n] n 1. ; ; to attract,
to call (
) ; to pay ; ! . !; to stand at .
; syn. care, concern, consideration, mindfulness, observation,
regard, thought; 2. , ; 3. (
. .); 4. pl ; 5.
attentive [tentiv] adj 1. ; syn. accommodating, careful, considerate, kind,
obliging, polite, thoughtful; 2. ; 3. ,
attenuant [tenjnt] n
attenuate [tenjt] I v 1. ; 2. ; ;
3. ; II adj 1. ; 2.
attenuation [ tenjei()n] n ;
attest [test] v ; ; ed copy ; to
attestant [testnt] adj
attestation [ testei()n] n 1. , ; 2. (); 3.
attestator [ testeit] n
attestor [tes] n .
attic [tik] n ,
attire [tai] I v , ;
simply d ; II n
1. , ; ;
2. .

attitude [ti tjd] n 1. ;


; of mind ;
syn. approach, disposition, manner, opinion, outlook, point of view,
position, view; 2. ; to strike
an ()
; 3. .

attitudinize [ titjdinaiz] v
attorney [t:ni] n ;
and counselloratlaw . ; Attorney General
;

( ); district , circuit .
; letter (
warrant) of ; power
of ; by , ( )
attract [trkt] v 1. ,
; syn. allure, captivate,
induce, interest, tempt; 2. ,
; syn. charm, enchant,
fascinate
attractable [trktb()l] adj
attraction [trk()n] n 1. , ; 2. ; ; syn. captivation, charm, draw, inducement,
interest, magnetism, pull, temptation;
3. ;
attractive [trktiv] adj , ,
; force ; syn. appealing, beautiful, charming, good-looking, gorgeous, handsome, magnetic, pretty,
tempting
attrahent [trhnt] adj
attributable [tribjtb()l] adj
attribute [tribjt] I v ; ; syn.
accredit, ascribe, assign, charge,
put down, refer; II n 1. ;
, ;
syn. aspect, characteristic, feature,
mark, note, peculiarity, quality, sign,

attribution
trait; 2. .

attribution
[ tribj()n]
n
1. ; 2. ,
attributive [tribjtiv] I adj (. . .
., ,
.: the old man, the village
school; .
, .: the man is
old); II n
attrition [tri()n] n , ; . ,
attritional [trin()l] adj
auberge [be ] n
aubergine [b n] . n .

auburn [bn] adj


; syn. chestnut, copper, red,
russet, rust, tawny
auction [k()n] I n , ; to put up to (. at) , to sell
by (. at) ; II v
auctioneer [ kni] I n ; II v ,

audacious [deis] adj 1. ; 2. , ; syn.


adventurous, bold, cheeky, fearless,
forward, insolent, rash, shameless, unabashed
audacity [dsti] n 1. ;
2. , ; syn. boldness, bravery, cheek, courage, fearlessness, forwardness, impertinence, insolence, rashness
audibility [ dbilti] n ,
audible [db()l] adj ,

audibly [dbli] adv , ,


audience [dins] n 1. ,
, ; syn. assembly,
crowd, fans, listeners, public, spectators, viewers; 2. (
); 3. ;

aural
to give  ,
audient [dint] adj
audile [dail] adj
audio [di] adj
audiogram [digrm] n
audiolingual [ diligwl] adj

audiologist [ dilist] n
audiology [ dili] n
audiometer [ dimit] n
audiophile [difail] n

audiotactile [ ditktail] adj

audiotape [diteip] n
audiotypist [ ditaipist] n
audiovisual [ divi ul] adj

audiovisuals [ divi lz] n



audit [dit] I n ,
,
; syn. analysis, check, examination, inspection, review; II v

audition [di()n] n 1. ,
; 2. ,
; 3. . ;
auditive [ditiv] adj
auditor [dit] n 1. , () , ;
2. .
auditorial [ ditril] adj ,
auditorium [ ditrim] n ; ()
auditory [ditri] I adj ;
II n . ,
Augean [ n] n: stables
augend [nd] n
auger [g] n ; ;

aught [t] I n , ;

II pron , , ; III adv  ;

for I know
augment [gmnt] I v 1. (), (); 2. .
; II n .
,
augmentation [ gmentei()n] n
, ,
augmentative [gmenttiv] adj
1. ; 2. . ( )
augmentor [gment] n
augur [g] I n , ;
II v ; ;
; to well ; I ill
of his success
augural [gjrl] adj ;
augury [gjri] n ;

august [gst] adj


August [gst] n
Augustan [gstn] a: age
() ; .
auk [k] n ( )
aunt [nt] n ;
Aunt Sally [ntsli] n 1.
, , ; 2. .
,
auntie [nti] n .
aunty [nti] n
au pair [per] n
(, ,
)
aura [r] n ;
aural [rl] adj ; impres
sion ; sur
geon
71

aurally
aurally [rli] adv ,
aurata [reit] n

aureate [rieit] adj ,

aurelius [r lis] n


aureola [r l] n , ,

aureole [ril] n
auric [rik] adj 1. ; 2. .
auricle [rik()l] n 1.
; ; 2. .

auricular [rikjl] adj 1. ,


; 2. ;
; 3. .

auriculate [rikjlit] adj

auriferous [rifrs] adj ,

aurifex [rifeks] n

aurification [ rifikei()n] n

auriform [rifm] adj


Auriga [raig] n .
()

auriphrygiate [ rifriiit] adj

auriscope [riskp] n
aurist [rist] n
aurochs [rks] n .
aurora [rr] n . , ; australis ; borealis
auroral [rrl] adj 1. ;
; ; 2.

aurulent [rlnt] adj
aurum [rm] n
auscultation [ skltei()n] n (, )
auspice [spis] n 1. ; 2. pl ; under the s of
72

autobahn
auspices [spisiz] n

auspicial [spi()l] adj

auspicious [spis] adj

austenite [stinait] n
auster [st] n
austere [sti] adj ., .
,

austerity [sterti] n 1. ,
, ; 2.
austral [strl] adj
Australian [streilin] I adj ; II n

australianism [streiliniz()m] n

australoid [strlid] n
australopithecus [ strlpiks]
n

Austrian [strin] I adj ; II n

austringer [strin] n
autarch [tk] n
autarchy [tki] n
autecology [ tikli] n

autel [tel] n
auteur [t:] n e
auteurism [t:riz()m] n

authentic [entik] adj , ; ;


syn. actual, factual, faithful, honest,
original, real, true, trustworthy
authentically [entikli] adv ;
authenticate [entikeit] v ,
authentication [ entikei()n] n

authenticity [ entisti] n ; ; syn.
correctness, faithfulness, honesty, reality, truth
author [] n , ;
syn. architect, creator, designer,
founder, initiator, inventor, maker,
originator, producer, writer

authoress [res] n
authorial [ril] adj
authoritarian [ riterin] I adj

; II n
authoritative [rittiv] adj
1. ; syn. authorised,
confident, faithful, official, reliable,
true, truthful, valid, veritable, power,
rule; 2. ,

authoritativeness [rittivns]
n

authority [rti] n 1. ,
; ;
the of Parliament ; a man set in , ; syn. administration, control, influence; 2. the au
thorities ; to apply to the
authorities ;
3. , , , ; 4. ,
; 5. () (, ); 6. ; ; ; on the of the
press ,
authorization [ raizei()n] n
,
authorize [ raiz] v 1. ; 2. , ; d translation ; 3. ;
his conduct was d by the situa
tion

authorless [ls] adj


authorship [ip] n ;
a book of doubtful ,

autism [tiz()m] n
autist [tist] n
auto [t-] pref , 
autoanalyser [ tnlaiz] n
autoanalysis [ tnlisis] n
autobahn [tbn] n

autobike
autobike [tbaik] n
autobiographer [ tbaigrf] n

autobiographic [ tbaigrfik]
adj

autobiographist [ tbaigrfist]
n

autobiography [ tbaigrfi] n

autobody [t bdi] n

autobus [tbs] n
autocar [tk] n
autochanger [t ein] n

autochthon [tkn] n
,

autocide [tsaid] n

autoclastic [ tklstik] adj

autoclave [tkleiv] n
autocorrelation [ t krilei()n]
n

autocracy [tkrsi] n ,

autocrat [tkrt] n 1. , ; 2.

autocratic [ tkrtik] adj 1. ; 2. ,

autocriticism [ tkritisiz()m] n

autocross [tkrs] n
autocue [tkj] n
autodidact [ tdaidkt] n

autodrome [tdrm] n

autoette [ tet] n 

autoformer [t fm] n

autogamous [tgms] adj .

autogamy [tgmi] n

autogenesis [ tenisis] n ,

autotransfusion
autogenic [ tenik] adj

autogenous [tins] adj ; welding

autogeny [tni] n

autograph [t grf] n ;


autographic [ tgrfik] adj

autography [tgrfi] n

autoinfection [ tinfek()n] n

autointoxication [ tintksikei()n] n .

autoland [tlnd] n

autolysis [tlisis] n ,

automaker [t meik] n

automarket [t mkit] n 


automat [tmt] n
automatic [ tmtik] I adj 1. ; pilot . ; rifle ; syn. involuntary, mechani
cal, robot, selfregulating, uncon
scious; 2. ; II n
1. ; ; 2. ;
3. .
automatical [ tmtik()l] = au
tomatic
automatics [ tmtiks] n
automation [ tmei()n] n
automatism [tm tiz()m] n ,
automaton [tmtn] n (pl ta,
tons)
automobile [tm b l] I n ; II adj ; , transportation ; wagon
,

automorphism [ tmfiz()m] n

automotive [ tmtiv] adj 1. ; 2. ; industry

autonavigator [ tnvigeit] n

autonomic [ tnmik] adj


autonomics [ tnmiks] n

autonomist [tnmist] n ,
autonomous [tnms] adj ;
autonomy [tnmi] n ,

autonym [tnim] n

autopilot [t pailt] n


autoplasty [t plsti] n
autopollution [ tpl()n] n
autopolo [t pl] n
autopsist [tpsist] n
autopsy [tpsi] n .
()
autoradiograph [ treidigrf] n

autoradiography [ t reidigrfi]


n

autoregulation [ t regjlei()n]


n

autorifle [t raifl] n .

autoroute [trt] n
autosome [tsm] n
autostop [tstp] n
autosuggestion [ tses()n]
n

autotherapy [ terpi] n

autotransformer [ ttrnsfm]
n

autotransfusion [ ttrns ()n]


n
73

autotransplant
autotransplant [ ttrnsplnt] n

autotransplantation [ t trnsplntei()n] n


autotroph [ttrf] n
autotrophic [ ttrfik] adj

autotruck [ttrk] n
autotype [ttaip] I n ;

; II v
c
autumn [tm] I n ; II adj

autumnal [tmn()l] adj 1. ; 2.

auxanometer [ ksnmit] n
auxiliary [gziliri] I adj ; ; ; syn. aiding, assisting,
helping, reserve, subsidiary, sup
plementary, supporting; II n 1. ; syn. accessory, accom
plice, assistant, companion, helper,
partner, supporter; 2. . ; 3. pl ,
auxin [ksin] n
avail [veil] I v ,
; ; his efforts
did not him ; to oneself of, . to
of , (., , );
II n , ; of no ;
availability [ veilbilti] n 
,
available [veilb()l] adj 1. ; syn. accessible, at hand,
free, obtainable, ready, vacant,
within reach; 2.
, ; sur
face ; by
all means
; all funds ; this book is not
; 3. , ; tickets
74

aviette
for one day only ,
avalanche [v ln] n ., .
avalanchine [vlnain] adj
avantcorps [ vk] . n .

avarice [vris] n ,
avaricious [ vris] adj ,
; syn. acquisitive, cov
etous, grasping, greedy, mean
avast [vst] int . !, !
avatar [vt] . n .
avaunt [vnt] adv
avellan [veln] n
avener [vin]
avenge [ven] v ; to
oneself ,

avengeful [venfl] adj


avenger [ven] n
avens [vinz]
aventail [vnteil] n
avenue [v nj] n 1. ,
( , .
.); 2. , ; 3. . , ; 4. . , ; an
to wealth (to fame) ( )
aver [v:] v 1. ; 2. .

average [v()ri] I n 1.
; at (on upon) an
; to strike an
; below (above) the
() ; 2. .
; II adj
1. ; output ; rate of profit ..
; syn.
mean, medium, midpoint, norm,
standard; 2. , ,

; height ,
; III v 1. ; 2.

averment [v:mnt] n 1. ; 2.
avernal [v:nl] n
e
averruncator [ vrkeit] n
averse [v:s] adj , , ; not to a
good dinner
aversion [v:()n] n ,
; have an to
; syn. animosity,
disgust, dislike, distaste, hate,
loathing, repugnance
aversive [v:siv] adj

avert [v:t] v 1. ; to a
blow ; 2. ; to danger

avertible [v:tb()l] adj


avgas [vgs] n

avian [eivin] adj


aviarist [eivirist] n
aviary [eivjri] n
aviate [eivieit] v ;
aviation [ eiviei()n] n 1. ;
2. attr. ; engine

aviator [eivieit] n , ,
aviatress [eivieitris] n
avicide [eivisaid] n

aviculture [eivikl] n
avid [vid] adj ,
avidity [vidti] n ,
aviette [ eiviet] n

avifauna
avifauna [eivi fn] n .
( )
avigation [ vigei()n] n
avigraph [eivigrf] n
avionic [ eivinik] n

avionics [ eiviniks] n

avirulence [eivirjlns] n
avirulent [eivirjlnt] adj
aviso [vaiz] n
avital [vait()l] adj
avitaminosis [ei vitminsis] n

avocado [ vkd] n
avocation
[ vkei()n]
n
1. , ;
2. (. pl) ; ,
avocational [ vkei()nl] adj

avoid [vid] v 1. , ; ; syn. abstain


from, bypass, circumvent, elude,
escape, evade, sidestep; 2. .
,
avoidable [vidb()l] adj ,
avoidance [vid()ns] n 1. ; syn. circumvention, elu
sion, escape, evasion, refraining;
2. , , ;
3.

()
avoidant [vidnt] n

avoidless [vidls] adj


avoirdupois [ vdpiz] n 1. (
, , ; 1 = 453,59 ;
. weight); 2. . ,
;
avolitional [ vli()nl] adj

awfully
avoset [vset] n
avouch [va] v . ;
; ,
avouchment [vamnt] n
avow [va] v ;
to oneself
avowal [val] n
avowant [vant] n
avowed [vad] adj ; syn. acknowledged, admitted, declared, professed
avowedly [vaidli] adv ,

avulsion [vl()n] n 1. , ; 2. .

avuncular [vkjl] adj ;
relation .
await [weit] v ,
awake [weik] I v (awoke; awoke,
awaked) 1. ; . (, ); to one
to a sense of duty
 ; syn.
arouse, awaken, rouse, wake, wake up;
2. ; .
; to to one's dangers ; II adj 1. ; syn. alert, alive, aroused,
attentive, conscious, observant,
watchful, wide-awake; 2. . , ; to be
to
awaken [weikn] = awake 1, .
(,
. .)
award [wd] I v 
; ; syn.
assign, bestow, distribute, endow, gift,
give, grant, present; II n 1.
(, ); 2.
; syn. bestowal,
decoration, grant, prize, trophy
awardee [wd ] n e
aware [we] adj ; , ; to be of

( that) , , ;
he is of danger ( he is that
there is danger) ; syn. acquainted, attentive,
conscious, familiar, informed, knowing, sensible
awareness [wenis] n
awash [w] adj 1.
; 2.
; 3.
away [wei] adv 1. :
. .; from home ; far ; he is
; off . ; 2. , : ;
to go ; to run ;
to throw ; with
you! ! 3. , : to
boil ; to make with
;
awe [] I n () ,
, ; to stand in
of
; to strike with
, ; syn. admiration, dread, fear,
reverence, veneration; II v
,
aweary [wiri] adj . ,

aweather [we] adv


aweigh [wei] adv
aweless [ls] adj
awesome [s()m] adj
awestruck [strk] adj , ,

awful [f()l] adj 1.
; 2. ; ; 3. .
; syn. alarming, fearful, foul,
ghastly, hideous, horrible, nasty, serious,
shocking, terrible, ugly, unpleasant
awfully [f()li] adv 1. ; 2. . , ; good
75

awhile
of you
awhile [wail] adv
, ; wait
awhirl [w:l] adj
awkward [kwd] adj 1. , ( , . .); an gait
; the age ; .
, ; syn.
clumsy, graceless, inelegant, troublesome, ungraceful; 2. ;
, ; an
situation ,
; syn. embarrassed, uncomfortable; 3. , ; 4. .
awkwardness [kwdns] n ,
awl [l] n
awn [n] n ()
awnchaff [nf] n
awning [ni] n ;
awnless [nls] adj
awny [ni] adj
awoke [wk] past . .
awake
awry [rai] I adv 1. , ; to
look ; 2. , ; to take ; things
went ; II adj
1. ; 2. ; a face
with pain , ; 3.
ax(e) [ks] I n 1. ; ;
2. (); 3. (the ) . , ;
4. . ;  to fit, to put the in (
on) the helve ; ;
; to hang up one's
; to have an to
grind, to grind one's own ;
; II v 1. ; 2. .
(); ()
76

babbitry
axeman [ksmn] n
axes [ksiz] 1. pl axe; 2. pl
axis

axial [ksil] adj ; ; angle


axiality [ ksiliti] n
axiform [ksifm] adj
axifugal [ ksifjgl] adj
axillae [ksil ] n

axillary [ksilri] adj 1. .


; 2. .
axiology [ ksili] n
axiom [ksim] n ; syn.
aphorism, byword, dictum, principle,
truth
axiomatic [ ksimtik] adj
axiomatics [ ksimtiks] n
axis [ksis] n (pl axes)
axisymmetric [ ksisimetrik] adj

axle [ks()l] n . ; grease


,
axled [ksld] adj
axlepin [kslpin] n .
axletree [ksl tr ] n
axman [ksmn] n
axminster [ksminst ] n
axoidean [ksidin] adj
axon [ksn] n
axonometry [ ksnmitri] n
axstone [ksstn] n
aye [ai] I int ; , ! . !;
II n ; the s have it ( )
ayre [e] n
ayurveda [ jveid] n
azalea [zeili] n
azan [zn] n
azeotrope [z trp] n

azilian [zilin] adj


azimuth [zim] I n ;

II adj ; finder .

azimuthal [ ziml] adj

azobenzene [ eizbenz n] n

azoic [etzik] adj


azonal [zn()l] adj

azoospermia [ zsp:mi] n

azote [zt] n
azoth [z] n
azotic [ztik] adj , ; acid

azotobacterin [ ztbktrin] n

ztec [ztek] n
azuline [zjlain] n 

azure [ ] I adj , ; stone ; II n

1. ; 2.
azurine [ rain] adj 

azurmalachite [  mlkait] n

azury [ ri] adj

B
B, b [b ] n 1. 2 . ; 2. . ;  not to
know B from a bull's foot
; B flat (.
bug) .
baa [b] I n ; II v
baalish [bli] adj
baalism [bliz()m] n
baalist [blist] n
babbitry [bbitri] n

babble
babble [bb()l] I v 1. ; , ; 2. ;
) 3. ; II n
1. ; ; 2.
babblement [bblmnt] n
babbler [bbl] n
babe [beib] n . ; .

babel [beib()l] n ; ; ; the tower of Babel



babelism [beibliz()m] n
baboo [bb] n . 1. ( ); 2. , ; 3. . ,
Baboo English ()
baboon [bbn] n
baboonish [bbni] adj
babuina [ bbjain] n
babul [bbl] n
babushka [bbk] n

baby [beibi] n 1. ,
(. : elephant
); syn. babe, child,
infant, suckling, tiny, toddler;
2. .: a regular ( ); 3. attr. , ; grand (piano)
. ;  to carry
the , to hold the ; to plead
the act ,
babyfarmer [beibi fm] n , ( )

babyhood [beibihd] n
babyish [beibii] adj
babysit [beibi sit] v .

back
babysitter [beibi sit] n 

bacca [bk] n
baccalaureate [bklrit] n

baccarat [bkr] n
Bacchanal [ bknl] I adj -

; ; II n ,

Bacchanalia [ bkneili] n ; ( .

)
bacchant [bknt] n
bacchante [bknti] n
bacchic [bkik] adj
bacciform [bksifm] adj
baccy [bki] n
bachelor [bl] n 1. ;
girl ,
;
2.

( )
bachelorette [ blret] n
bachelorhood [blhd] n 1. ; 2.
bachelorism [blriz()m] n
bachelor's [blz] n
bachelorship [blip] n

back1 [bk] n
back2 [bk] I n 1. ; to turn
one's upon a person , 
; syn. backside, end, hind part,
posterior, rear, reverse, tail, tail end;
2. (); 3.
(, ); 4. , , ; of the hand ; of a ship
; at the of one's mind ; 5. ();
6. ; 7. ., .
(); (),
();  to put one's

into ; to
get, to put, to set one's up (); ; II adv
1. , ; and forth
; of . , ;
(. from); 2. ;
3. , ; from the
road ; III v
1. ; ;
syn. advocate, assist, countersign,
encourage, favour, finance, sanction,
sponsor, subsidise, support, underwrite; 2. , ;
3. ,
; 4. . .
; 5. ()
, (), ; ; ; to oars, to water
, ; 6. (); 7. ;
( ); to the
wrong horse . .
; 8.
(); 9. , (on, upon); 10.
; () ; ; .
.: down ()
; out of ,
; up
(. ); IV adj 1. ;
; areas . ,
; country dis
trict .
; entrance ;
street , ;
to take a seat . ; vowel .
; elevation ., .
, ; filling .
, ; syn. end, hind,
posterior, rear, reverse, tail; 2. , ( ); number
(, ); . ; ; pay .
(
)
77

backache
backache [bkeik] n ,

backbalance [bk blns] n

backband [bkbnd] n

backbeat [bkb t] n

backbench [ bkben] n

backbencher [ bkben] n ,
backbend [bkbend] n

backbite [bkbait] v (backbit;


backbitten) ,
backblocks [bkblks] n pl . . ,

backblow [bkbl] n
backboard [bkbd] n 1. ( );
2. .

backbone [bkbn] n 1.
, ; syn. basis,
core, spine, vertebral column;
2. . ; syn.
courage, determination, nerve, power,
resolve, strength, toughness; 3. .
; , ; to
the ,
backcast [bkkst] n

backcloth [bkkl] n 1. .
; 2. ( , . .)
backcross [bkkrs] n

backdigger [bk dig] n

backdown [bkdan] n
backdrop [bk drp] n
backer [bk] n
backet [bkit] n
backfall [ bkfl] n . ( )
78

backward
backfire [ bkfai] n 1. . ,
;
2.

backfit [bkfit] n

backflow [bkfl] n
backformation [bkf mei()n] n
.
backfriend [bkfrend] n
backfurrow [bk fr] n
backgammon [bkgmn] n ()
background [bkgrand] n 1. , ; to keep in the
. ; syn. circumstances, culture, education, environment, experience, grounding,
surroundings; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5. , ; 6.
backgrounder [bk grand] n 
backhand [bk hnd] n 1.
( , ); 2.
backhanded [bkhndid] adj
; . ,
backhander [bkhnd] n ,
backhaul [bkhl] n

backhouse [bkhas] n

backing [bki] n 1.
.; syn. advocacy, aid, assis
tance, encouragement, funds,
moral support, patronage, sub
sidy, support; 2. . ,
; 3. ; 4. ();  and filling . ,
backlash [bk l] n .

backlist [bklist] n
backmost [bkmst] adj

backpacker [bk pk] n


backset [bkset] n
back settlement [ bksetlmnt] n

backsheesh [bk ] n
backside [bk said] n 1. ; , ; 2. . ,

backsight [bk sait] n .

backslang [bksl] n ,

(. gip
. pig)
backslant [bkslnt] n

backspacer [ bkspeis] n
backspin [bkspin] n
backspinner [bk spin] n
backsplice [bksplais] n
backstage [ bkstei] I adj ; ; II adv
backstairs [ bkstez] adj .
,
backstay [bkstei] n (. pl)
.
backster [bkst] n

backstrap [bkstrp] n

backstreet [bkstr t] adj


backstroke [bkstrk] n

backsword [bksd] n .
back talk [bktk] n .
,
backtoback [bk t bk] adj,
adv
backtrack [bk trk] n
backup [bkp] n
()
backveld [bkvelt] n
backward [bkwd] I adv 1. ,
; 2. , -

backwardness
; ;
3. ; II adj 1.
( ); syn. behind, hesitant,
late, slow, stupid, subnormal, underdeveloped; 2. ; children
; 3. ; .
; 4. ; ; 5. ,
backwardness [bkwdns] n .
backwards [bkwdz] = backward
backwash [bkw] n 1.
; 2. ; 3.

backwater [bk wt] n


backwoods [bk w] n

backwoodsman [bkwmn] n
1. ;
2.
backwound [bkwand] n
backwrap [bkrp] n
backyard [ bkjd] n
backyarder [ bkjd] n

bacon [beikn] n
, ; and eggs ;  to save one's
. ; ; to bring home one's
. ( )
bacony [beikni] adj
bacteremia [ bktr mi] n
bacteria [bktiri] pl bacteri
um
bacterial [bktiril] adj
bactericide [bktirisaid] n

bacteriological [bk tirilik()l]


adj

bacteriologist [bk tirilist] n

bag
bacteriology

[bk tirili] n

bacteriolysis

[bk tirilisis] n

bacteriophage [bktirifei] n

bacterioscopy [bk tiriskpi] n

bacteriosis [bk tirisis] n

bacteriostat [bktiristt] n

bacterium [bktirim] n (pl ria)

baculiform [bkjlifm] adj

baculine [bkjlain] adj


baculus [bkjls] n
bad [bd] adj (worse; worst)
1. , , ;
earth . ;
syn. adverse, damaging, grave, harmful, harsh, injurious, serious, undesirable, unpleasant; 2. ;
to go ; ; syn.
contaminated, decayed, rotten, sour,
spoilt; 3. , ; syn. corrupt, evil,
immoral, sinful, wicked; 4. ; beer is for you
; 5. ; leg ; 6. ( , . .); ( );
 debt ;
coin ; egg, hat .
; , ; fairy ;
man . ,
; name (for)
; from to worse
; ;
to be taken ; to the
, ; to go to the
,
badass [bds] n
baddish [bdi] adj
bad(e) [bd, beid] past bid
badge [b] n 1. ; ;
syn. brand, device, emblem, logo,

mark,

sign,

stamp,

trademark;

2. ; ;
badgeless [bls] adj

badger [b] I n 1. ;
2. ;
3. (Badger) . .

; II v ,

badigeon [bdi()n] n

badinage [bdin ] . n
badly [bdli] adv 1. , ;
syn. imperfectly, inadequately, incorrectly, poorly, unfairly, unsatisfactorily,
wrong, wrongly; 2. ;
wounded ; I want
it ;  to
be off , ; syn.
acutely, exceedingly, extremely, intensely
badman [bdmn] n
badminton [bdmintn] n 1. (); 2.
,

badness [bdns] n .
badtempered [ bdtempd] adj
, ; syn.
cross, impatient, irritable, petulant,
snappy
baffle [bf()l] v ;

baffler [bfl] n . 1. ; ; 2.
bag [bg] I n 1. , ;
and baggage ; of bones .
; syn. carrier, case, handbag,
bolder, pack, rucksack, sack, suitcase;
2.
;

(); 3. ; 4.
( ); 5. (
); 6. ; 7. ;
8. ;  to
set one's (for) .
 (. ); II v
1. ; 2. ();
79

bagasse
3. (); 4.
( . .); 5. ;
bagasse [bgs] n ,
(
)
bagatelle [ bgtel] n
bagel [beig()l] n
bagful [bgful] n ()
()
baggage [bgi] n 1. . ;
syn. bags, belongings, equipment,
luggage, suitcases, things; 2. .
, ; ani
mal ; train
; 3. ;
impudent ; 4. .
,
baggage car [bgi k] n .
baggagecheck [bgiek] n .

baggageman [bgimn] n .

baggage room [bgirm] n .


()
bagged [bgd] adj 1.
() ; ; 2.
baggie [bgi] n
baggy [bgi] adj (
); skin below the eyes
; syn. bulging,
droopy, floppy, ill-fitting, loose,
roomy, sagging
bagheera [bgir] n
bagman [bgmn] n
bagpipe [bgpaip] n
bagpiper [bgpaip] n
baguette [bget] n
bagwash [bgw] n
bagwork [bgw:k] n
bah [b] int ! ( )
baignoire [beinw] n .
bail1 [beil] I n 1. , ; to save, to surrender to
80

balance
one's ( ); to forfeit one's
; syn. bond, guarantee, pledge, security, surety, warranty; 2. ; to admit, to
hold, to let to
; to give ; to go, to be, to become
for ; ; to take leg
. ; II v 
( out); out .
. ,

bail2 [beil] n 1. ( ); 2.
( )
bail3 [beil] v (
)
bail4 [beil] n ( )
bailable [beilb()l] adj 1. ; 2. ( )
bailage [beili] n

bailer [beil] n 1. ; 2. ,

bailey [beili] n . ;
Old Bailey ( )
bailiff [beilif] n 1. ; syn. agent, constable, deputy,
factor, magistrate, office, sheriff;
2.
bailiwick [beiliwik] n 1. .

;
2. .
bailment [beilmnt] n 1. ; 2. , ( )
bailor [ beil] n , ,

bailsman [beilzmn] n
bait [beit] I n 1. ; ; syn. allurement, attraction, incentive, inducement, lure, temptation;

2. . ; 3.
; II v
1.
. .; 2. . , ; 3. (, .
); 4. ( ); 5.
( ); 6. (); 7. , , ;
syn. annoy, harass, irritate, persecute,
provoke, tease, torment
baiter [beit] n
baize [beiz] n ; ;
green
bajree [br ] n
bake [beik] v 1. (); only half
d . ; baking
sun ; 2.
; (); 3. ; ; 4.

bakehouse [beikhas] n
bakelite [beiklait] n

bakemeat [beikm td] n

baker [beik] n ,
bakery [beikri] n ,
bakeware [beikwe] n
baking powder [beiki pad] n
,
baksheesh [ bk ] n ,
,
bal [bl] n
Balaam [beilm] n 1. . ;
2. ; 3.
balaamite [beilmait ] n
balance [blns] I n 1. ;
2. ; of power ( ); of trade
( ); to lose
one's ; ; syn. equality, equity,
equivalence, evenness, stability, sym-

balance beam
metry; 3. (Balance) ( ); 4. ; 5. ; (, ); 6. .
, ; . ; of
payments ;  it
trembles in the ; II v 1. ;

; ; syn.
counterbalance, equate, level, neutralise, stabilise; 2.
( ); (with,
against); syn. compare, consider,
estimate, weigh; 3. (be
tween); 4. . ;
to one's accounts ; the accounts don't

balance beam [blnsb m] n ()


balance bridge [blns bri] n

balanced [blnst] ; ; ; syn. calm, even-handed,
fair, impartial, just, self-possessed,
sensible
balancer [blns] n 1. , ; 2. . ,
balance step [blns step] n .

balance wheel [blns w l] n ( )
balanoid [blnid] adj
balas [bls] n
balaustine [blstin] n
balbriggan [blbrign] n
balbutient [blbjnt] n
balbuties [blbji z] n
balconet [blknet] n
balconette [blknet] n
balconied [blknid] adv ,

balladeer
balcony [blkni] n 1. ;
syn. gallery, terrace, upper circle, veranda; 2. .

bald [bld] adj 1. ; ; syn. bald-headed, hairless, uncovered; 2. ;


, , ;
3. ( );
4. , ,
; syn. direct, forthright,
straight, straightforward; 5. ,
(., )
balderdash [bldd] n ,
baldheaded [ bldhedid] I adj
1. ; ; 2.
( );
II adv: to go into ( for)  ;

baldly [bldli] adv . 1. , ; 2. ; to put it
,
baldness [bldns] n .
baldric [bldrik] n (
, )
baldy [bldie] adj
bale [beil] n
bale1 [beil] I n 1. (),
; syn. bundle, pack, package,
parcel, truss; 2. pl ; II v

bale2 [beil] n ., . ,

bale3 [beil] = bail


baleen [bl n] n
balefire [beil fai] n 1.
; 2.
baleful [beilf()l] adj
baleless [beills] adj
balk [bk] I n 1.
, ; ; 2. pl (the s)
; 3. ; to make a
of good ground .
; 4. ;
; 5. . ; II v
1. , , ; syn. baffle, bar, check, hesi-

tate, hinder, make difficulties, obstruct, prevent, resist; 2. (); he was ed of his
desires ; 3. , ;
, ; 4. (
. .); 5. ( ); 6. ();
7. ; ; the
horse ed at a leap
Balkan [blkn] adj
balkline [blklain] n
balky [blki] adj
ball1 [bl] I n 1. ; (); 2. ; ();
a good ; syn. bullet, drop, globe, globule, orb, pellet,
pill, sphere; 3. ; . ;
4. . ;  and socket
; of the eye
; of fortune
; of the knee
; to have the at one's
feet ;
; to catch,
to take the before the bound
;
II v () ; (); up . .
;
ball2 [bl] n , ; to open the ;
. ,
; syn. assembly,
carnival, dance, dinner-dance, masquerade, party
ballad [bld] n .
(
, .
. . ); syn.
carol, composition, folk-song, poem,
song
ballade [bld] n .
( , . , )
balladeer [ bldi] n

81

balladist
balladist [bldist] n

ballad monger [bld mg] n


1. . ;
2. .
balladry [bldri] n

ballast [blst] I n ; the


ship is in ; mental . , (); II v 1. ;
2. .. ;
3. .
ballastage [blsti] n

ball bearing [ bl beri] n .

ballerina [ blr n] n
ballet [blei] n
ballet dancer [blei dns] n ()
ballet master [blei mst] n
ballistic [blistik] adj
ballistics [blistiks] n
ballistite [blistait] n

ballistocardiograph [b listkdigrf] n
ballistocardiography [b list kdigrfi] n
balloon [bln] I n
; ; tri
al . ; II v
1. ; 2.
ballooncar [blnk] n

balloon fabric [bln fbrik] n


( )
balloonist [blnist] n ,

balloon tire [bln tai] n


()
ballot [blt] I n 1. ; ; 2. ; (. ); syn. election,
plebiscite, poll, polling, referendum,
82

bandana
vote, voting; 3. ; 4. ; II v
1. ; 2.
ballot box [blt bks] n ,

ballot paper [blt peip] n


ballottement [bltmnt] n
ballpark [blpk] adj
ballplayer [bl plei] n
ballpoint [ blpint] n

ballroom [blrm] n 1. ; 2. attr.


ballsy [blsi] adj
bally [bli] adj, adv . , , : stung by a
wasp ; too
tired
ballyhoo [ blih] n 1. ;
2.
ballyrag [blirg] v 1. ; 2.
balm [bm] n 1. , ; 2.
balmy [bmi] adj 1. ;
2. ( ),
( ); 3. ,
;

4. .
balneum [blnim] n
balneary [blniri] n
balneography [ blnigrfi] n

balneology [ blnili] n
balneotherapy [ blnierpi] n

baloney [blni] n
balsa [bls] n
balsam [blsm] n 1. ;
2. . ; fir

balsamation [ blsmei()n] n

balsamic [blsmik] = balmy

balsamine [blsmin] n
Baltic [bltik] adj
baluchi [bli] adj
baluster [blst] n 1. ;
2. pl
balustrade [ blstreid] n

bamboo [ bmb] n (pl boos)


1. ; 2. attr.
bamboozle [bmbzl] v . , ; to
out of 

bamboozler [bmbzl] n
ban [bn] I v ;
syn. banish, bar, exclude, forbid, outlaw, prohibit, restrict, suppress; II n
; under a ; syn. boycott, censorship,
condemnation, embargo, prohibition,
restriction, stoppage, taboo
banal [bnl] adj
banality [bnlti] n
banana [bnn] n
banc [bk] n
band1 [bnd] I n 1. , ;
, ; ; ;
syn. bandage, belt, binding, chain,
cord, ribbon, shackle, strap, strip,
tape; 2. , ; faggot
; 3. . ; 4. attr. ; con
veyer ; II v
1. ; 2. .
band2 [bnd] I n 1. ,
; ; syn. association,
body, company, crew, gang, group,
party, society; 2. ; string
; syn. orchestra;
II v (); ;
syn. amalgamate, consolidate, gather,
group, join, unite
bandage [bndi] I n 1. ;
; ; 2. (
); syn. compress, dressing,
plaster, swathe; II v ,
; syn. bind, cover, dress,
swaddle, swathe
bandana [ bndn] = bandanna

bandanna
bandanna [ bndn] n

bandbox [bndbks] n
( , . .);  to
look as if one had just come out
of a
bandeau [bnd] n

bandelet [bndilit] n
bander [bnd] n
banderillero [ bndr ljer] n

banderol(e) [bndrl] n 1. ; 2. . ( );
3. .

bandhouse [bndhas] n
bandicoot [bndikt] n .
bandit [bndit] n (pl its 
itti) , ; a bandit
ti ; syn. brigand, gangster, gunman, outlaw, pirate,
robber, thief
bandleader [bnd l d] n 
bandmaster [bnd mst] n
bandog [bndg] n 1. ; 2. ;
bandoleer [ bndli] n .
bandolero [ bndlir] n
bandolier [ bndli] n

bandore [bnd] n
band saw [bnds] n

bandsman [bnmn] n
bandstand [bndstnd] n

bandster [bndst] n

bandwagon [bnd wgn] n


bandwidth [bnd wid] n

bandy [bndi] adj

bank
bandylegged

[ bndilegd] adj

bane [bein] n 1. . ; 2. . . ; the of


one's life 

baneberry [beinbri] n
baneful [beinf()l] adj ,

banewort [beinw:t] n 1. . ; 2. .

bang1 [b] I v 1. ();


(); syn. boom, bump,
burst, clang, crash, explode, knock,
slam, stamp, strike, thump; 2. , (
); 3. , ; the
gun ed ; to
off () (); 4. . , ; II n
, , ,
. .; to shut the door with a
; syn.
blow, boom, bump, clang, clash, crash,
explosion, hit, knock, shot, stroke,
thump; III adv . ; ,
; the ball hit him in the
eye ;
IV int !
bang2 [b] I n ; II v
bangboard [bbd] n

banger [b] n 1. ;
2.
Bangladeshi [ bgldei] n
bangle [bg()l] n ,
bangtail [bteil] n
bangup [ bp] adj . .
,
banian [bnin] n 1. ; 2. ; , ; 3. ,
; ;  days . ; hospital

baniantree [bnintr ] n

banish [bni] v 1. , ; syn. deport, discard, dismiss, eject, eradicate, exclude, exile,
expel, get rid of, remove, transport;
2. ; 3. .
()
banishment [bnimnt] n , ; syn. deportation,
eviction, exile, expulsion, transportation
banister [bnist] n 1. = baluster;
2. pl ()
banjo [bn] n (pl os, oes)
1. . ; 2. . ,
,
bank1 [bk] I n 1. , ;
syn. earthwork, edge, embankment,
heap, mound, rampart, ridge, shore,
slope; 2. (. ); 3. , ; 4. ; ; of
snow , ; of
clouds ; 5. . ;
6. . (, ); 7. .
(, .
.); II v 1. ; ( , );
( ), ;
; 2. ;
3. . ,
bank2 [bk] I n 1. ; of issue
; to open an
account in a
; syn. accumulation, depository, fund, repository, savings, treasury;
2. , ;
blood
; syn. reservoir, stock, stockpile, store; 3. attr.
, ; account
; II v 1. () ; ; syn. accumulate, deposit, keep, save, stockpile, store; 2.
bank3 [bk] n 1. , ;
of keys ; 2. ;
3. . ( ); 4. .
( )
83

bankable
bankable [bkb()l] adj .
,

bankbill [bkbil] n 1. ,
; 2. .
bankbook [bkbk] n . ,
bank draft [bkdrft] n ,

banker [bk] n ; .

banket [bket] n . ( )
banking1 [bki] n

banking2 [bki] n . ,
banknote [bk nt] n
,
bank rate [bkreit] n

bankrupt [bkrpt] I n ;
. ;
to go ; syn.
debtor, insolvent, pauper, bankruptcy;
II
adj
;
in reputation
; syn. beggared, depleted, failed, impoverished, insolvent,
lacking, ruined, spent; III v

bankruptcy [bkrptsi] n ; ; Court of
Bankruptcy ;
bankseat [bks t] n

banksman [bksmn] n . , , ()

banner [bn] I n 1. ; ;
; to join the (of)
; to unfurl one's .
; syn.
colours, ensign, flag, pennant, standard, streamer; 2. .
84

bar
; II adj
. (); ;

bannerbearer [bn ber] n


bannerette [ bnret] n
bannerman [bnmn] n
bannerol [ bnrl] n
bannister [bnist] n
bannock [bnk] n
banns [bnz] n pl
;
to ask, to call to publish the

; to forbid the

banquet [bkwit] I n ; ;
. () ; syn. dinner, feast, meal, treat; II v
;
banqueter [bkwit] n

banquette [ bket] n 1. ;
2. . ;
banshee [bni] n ., .,
. ,
bantam [bntm] n ( ); weight ( )
banter [bnt] I v
, ; II n
; syn.
chaffing, derision, jesting, joking, kidding, mockery, ridicule, word play
banting [bnti] n
bantling [bntli] n . , ( )
banyan [bnjn] = banian
baobab [beibb] n ()
bap [bp] n
baptism [bptiz()m] n ;
of blood ; of fire
; syn. beginning,

christening, debut, immersion, initiation, launch, launching


baptismal [bptizm()l] adj ; name ,

Baptist [bptist] n
baptistery [bptistri] n 1. ; 2. ( )
baptize [bptaiz] v ;
bar1 [b] I n 1. ();
; of gold ;
of chocolate ;
of soap ; syn. block,
chunk, lump, slab, wedge; 2. , , ; 3. (.
crowbar); 4. ; ; behind
bolt and ; 5. ; 6. pl ;
7. . , ; to
let down the s , ;
syn. barrier, check, cross-piece,
deterrent, hindrance, impediment,
obstacle, obstruction; 8. ,
( ); ,
; 9.
; 10. . ;
; 11. (, );
II v 1. ; 2. ; all exits are red
; syn. ban, bolt,
forbid, hinder, lock, obstruct, prevent,
prohibit, restrain; 3. ; ; ; 4. .
 ,
; . .:
in ; ; out
; III prep ,
; none
bar2 [b] n 1. , ;
syn. counter, dive, inn, lounge, pub,
public house, saloon, tavern; 2. ,
, ;
bar3 [b] n . 1. , ; prison
er at the
; 2. (the
Bar); to be called, to go to the

bar
Bar
; to be at the Bar
; 3. . (,
)
bar4 [b] n . ( )
baragouin [ brgwin] n
barathrum [brrm] n
barb [bb] I n 1. . ; 2. .
( ); ;
syn. bristle, point, spike, stab, thorn;
3. ( ); 4. , (, , ); 5. . ;
II v . .
barbaralia [ bbreili] n
barbaresque [ bbresk] adj
barbarian [bberin] I n ;
syn. brute, hooligan, ruffian, savage,
vandal; II adj
barbaric [bbrik] adj , ; ;
syn. barbarous, brutal, cruel, fierce,
inhuman, rude, savage, uncivilised,
wild
barbarism [bbriz()m] n 1. ; 2. , ;
3. .
barbarity [bbrti] n 1. ; ; ;
2. (, )
barbarize [bbraiz] v 1. () ; 2.
barbarous [bbrs] adj 1. , ; syn. barbarian, brutal,
inhuman, ruthless, savage, uncivilised,
wild; 2. , ; syn.
cruel, heartless, rude
barbate [bbeit] adj 1. . ; 2. . ,
barbecue [bbi kj] I n 1.
,
; 2.
; 3. -

bargain
; II v ()

barbed [bbd] adj ; ; wire


; syn. caustic, cutting,
hooked, hurtful, jagged, pointed,
prickly, spiked, spiny, thorny
barbel [bbl] n 1. . ;
2. ( )
barbell [b bel] n
barbellate [bbleit] adj
barberry [bbri] n .
barbershop [bbp] n
barbican [bbikn] n . .
,
barbital [bbitl] n
barbiton [bbitn] n
barbiturate [bbirit] n
barbotage [bbti] n
barcarole [ bkrl] n
barchan [bkn] n
bar code [bkd] n

bard [bd] n ,
bardic [bdik] adj . ; poetry

bardlet [bdlit] n
bardocucullus [ bdkjkjls] n

bardship [bdip] n
bardy [bdi] adj
bare [be] I adj 1. , ; . ; feet
; in one's skin ; to lay , ; syn. denuded, exposed, naked,
nude, unclothed, undressed; 2. ;  (of);
; 3. ; 4. , ; 5.
; a majority

;
at the mention of
; to believe some
thing on someone's word -

; II v ;
bareback [bebk] I adj ; II adv

barebacked [bebkt] = bareback


barebone [bebn] n
barefaced [befeist] v 1. ( ,
); 2. ; syn.
blatant, bold, brash, brazen, impudent, insolent, naked, shameless,
unabashed
barefacedness [ befeistnis] n
barefoot [beft] I adj ;
II adv
barefooted [ beftid] adj ,

bareheaded [ behedid] adj


bareknuckle [be nkl] adv
barelegged [ belegd] adv
barely [beli] adv 1. , ; 2. , ; 3. . ,

barenecked [ benekt] adj ;


bareness [bens] n 1. , ; 2. ,
baresark [besk] n
baresthesia [ brs ] n
bargain [bgin] I n 1. ()
; to make, to strike a ; ; a good ; to drive a hard ; ; to make the
best of a bad
; syn. agreement, arrangement,
contract, transaction, treaty, understanding; 2. ;
; a adv
, ; into the
, ; II v ; for , 85

bargainee
; this is more than I ed
for ,
bargainee [ bgin ] n
bargainer [bgin] n
bargainsale [bginseil] n
barge [b] I n 1. ; ;
syn. canal boat, flat-boat, houseboat, lighter, narrow-boat; 2. . ; 3. ; 4. .
, ;
II v .: to about
; to
into
bargee [b ] n 1. ;
2.
bargeman [bmn] = bargee
bargemaster [b mst] n
bargepole [bpl] n
; not fit to be
touched with a (,
. .),

barghest [bgist] n
bariatrics [ britriks] n

baric [brik] adj
baring [beri] n .

baritone [bri tn] n
barium [berim] n .
bark1 [bk] I n 1. ();
grafting . ;
a man with the on . ; 2. ; 3. .
; II v 1. , (); 2. .
; 3.
bark2 [bk] I n 1. ; syn. bawl,
bay, growl, shout, snap, snarl, woof,
yell, yelp; 2. ; 3. .
; II v 1. ; 2. . ; 3. .
bark3 [bk] n ( )
barkeeper [b k p] n .
;
86

barrel
barkery [bkri] n

barking1 [bki] n 1. ;
2.
barking2 [bki] I n ; II adj ; iron .
barky [bki] adj
barley [bli] n ; to cry

barleycorn [blikn] n 1. ; John Barleycorn
. ; 2. .

barm [bm] n () ;

barmaid [bmeid] n
,
barman [bmn] n
barmaster [b mst] n
barmecidal [ bmisaid()l] adj
barmy [bmi] adj 1. ;
; 2. . ;
to go
barn [bn] n , ;
barnacle1 [bnk()l] n pl .

barnacle2 [bnk()l] n 1.
(); 2. . ; 3. .

barndoor [bn d] n ; as big as a


; not to be able to hit a
;
fowl
barn owl [bnal] n ()
barnstormer [bnstm] n .
barnyard [bnjd] n
barococo [brkk] adj

barocyclonometer [ br saiklnmit] n


barognosis [ brgnsis] n

barograph [brgrf] n ,

barometer [brmit] n
barometric(al) [ brmetrik()l]
adj

barometry [brmitri] n

baron [brn] n 1. ; 2. ; of beef

baronage [brni] n 1. ,
;
2.
baroness [brns] n
baronet [brnt] I n () II v
baronetcy [brntsi] n
baronial [brnil] adj
barony [brni] n ();
baroque [brk] I n . ;
II adj
barouche [br] n ,
barrable [brb()l] adj
barrack [brk] I n 1. ; 2. pl
; II v ,
barracoon [ brkn] n
barracuda [ brkjd] n
barrage [br ] n 1. ;
2. ; ; 3. . , ;
4. ., .
barranca [brk] n

barrator [brt] n 1. , 2. ., .
, (. barra
try)
barratry [brtri] n 1. , ; 2. ., .
(
,
)
barrel [brl] I n 1. , ; head ; house,
shop . . , ;
; syn. butt, cask, keg, tun,

barrelhouse
water-butt; 2. .  ; 3. ( );
4. (); 5. . , , ; 6.
(, ); 7. . (); II v
barrelhouse [brlhas] n
barrel organ [brl gn] n
barrel roll [brlrl] n .
barren [brn] I adj 1.
( ); 2. . ;3. ;
( ); 4. . ; , ;
of interest (of ideas) (); II n
(. pl) ,
barrenness [brnns] n .
barrenwort [brnw:t] n
barret [brt] n
barrette [bret] n
barricade [ brikeid] I n 1. ; syn. barrier, blockade, fence,
obstruction, protection, rampart;
2. ; II v ;
syn. bar, block, defend, fortify, obstruct, protect
barrier [bri] n 1. ; ;
; syn. bar, barricade,
boundary, fence, fortification, wall;
2. , , ;
syn. difficulty, drawback, handicap,
hindrance, impediment, obstacle, obstruction
barring1 [bri] prep
barring2 [bri] n 1. .
; 2. .

barrister [brist] n ( atlaw); revising


. ,
barrow1 [br] n ,

basically
barrow2 [br] n 1. ;
; syn. hand-barrow, wheelbarrow; 2.
barspoon [bspn] n
barstool [bstl] n
bartender [b tend] n ;
syn. barkeeper, barmaid, barman
barter [bt] I v , , ;
; away (, . .) 
; syn. bargain,
deal, exchange, haggle, negotiate, sell,
trade, traffic; II n ,
bartizan [btizn] n .
barycentre [bri sent] n
baryon [brin] n
baryonium [ brinim] n
barytes [brait z] n
barythymia [ briaimi] n
barytone [britn] = baritone
basal [beisl] adj ,

basalt [bslt] n .
basaltic [bsltik] adj .
basan [bzn] n
bascule [bskjl] n

();
bridge
base1 [beis] I n 1. , ; ; syn. basis, bottom,
essence, essential, foot, foundation,
groundwork, origin, pedestal, post,
principal, root, support; 2. ;
; 3. . ; 4. (); 5. .
, ; ;
6. . ; 7. .
( ); II v 1. , ; syn. build,
construct, establish, found, ground,
locate; 2. ; 3. ;
()

base2 [beis] adj 1. , , ; 2. ,


, ( )
baseball [beisbl] n .
baseband [beisbnd] n

baseboard [beisbd] n .
basecourse [beisks] n
base frequency [ beisfr kwnsi] n
.
baseless [beisls] adj ; syn. groundless, unconfirmed, unfounded, unjustified,
unsubstantiated, unsupported
basely [beisli] adv ,
basement [beismnt] n 1. , ; 2. ; ()

baseness [beisns] n
bases [beisiz] pl basis
bash [b] v 1. ; ; to one's head against a
tree ;
2. .

basha [b] n
bashaw [b] n 1. ; 2. .
, "
basher [b] n . .
bashful [bf()l] adj ,
; syn. abashed, confused, coy,
embarrassed, modest, reserved, selfconscious, shamefaced, shy, timid
bashkir [bki] adj
basic1 [beisik] adj ; in
dustry ;
slag  ();
syn. central, elementary, essential,
fundamental, key, necessary, primary,
root
basic2 [beisik] n , (. beginners
allpurpose symbolic instruction
code)
basically [beisikli] adv
; , ;
87

Basic English
syn. at bottom, at heart, essentially,
fundamentally, primarily, principally
Basic English [ beisikigli] n
(. British American Sci
entific International Commer
cial) .
850
basicity [beisisti] n . ,
basics [beisiks] n pl
basil1 [bzl] n .
basil2 [bzl] n
basil3 [bzl] I n ,
; II v ;
basilar [bsil] adj
basilect [beisilekt] n
basilic [bzilik] adj
basilica [bzilik] n
basilicon [bzilikn] n

basilisk [bzlisk] n
basin [beis()n] n 1. , ,
; syn. bowl, cavity, depression, dip, dish, sink; 2. ,
; ; 3.
; 4. (; )
basinet [bsint] n
basinful [beisnfl] n
basis [beisis] n (pl bases) 1. , ; on this
; on a good and neighbourly
; syn. base, bottom, essential,
footing, foundation, fundamental,
ground, heart, principle; 2.
; 3.
bask [bsk] v 1. ( ,
; in); 2. (, ; in)
basket [bskit] n , ; syn. bassinet, creel, hamper, pannier
basketball [bskitbl] n .

basketful [bskitfl] n

basketry [bskitri] n 1.
; 2.
88

bath
basketwork [bskitw:k] = bas
ketry

Basque [bsk] I n 1. ; 2. ; II adj

basque [bsk] n ( )
basrelief [ bril f] n
bass1 [bs] n
bass2 [bs] n 1.
(. basswood); 2. = bast
bass3 [bs] I n ; II adj ,
; clef ; syn.
deep, grave, low, low-toned, resonant
basset1 [bsit] n ()
basset2 [bsit] n .
basset3 [bsit] n ,
"
bassinet(te) [ bsinet] n

bassist [beisist] n
basso [bs] n (pl os) .
bassoon [bsn] n
bassrelief [bsri l f] = basrelief
bass viol [beis vail] n
bast [bst] n , ; ;
; ; mat
,
bastard [bstd] I n 1. ,
; 2. . ; 3. .. , , ; 4. ( ); II adj 1. , ; 2. ;
; good nature ; 3.
; ; ; French
bastardize [bstdaiz] v 1. ; 2. ,
bastardy [bstdi] n
baste1 [beist] v
,
baste2 [beist] v
() ( )
baste3 [beist] v 1. , ;
2. . -

, ,

baster [beist] n
bastide [bst d] n
bastille [bst l] n , ; the Bastille .
bastion [bstin] n 1. . ; 2. , ; syn.
citadel, defence, fortress, mainstay,
pillar, rock, stronghold, support
bat1 [bt] n ; to have
s in one's belfry . ; blind as a
bat2 [bt] I n 1. (
); ; 2. . batsman;
a good ;
3. ; 4. . ; 5. .
, ; II v ,
batata [btt] n . ,
batch [b] I n 1. , ; 2. ,
; 3. . ;
4. , ;  of the sa
me ; II v .
,
batcher [b] n
batchy [bi] adj
bate1 [beit] v (. abate)
1. , ; 2. ; 3.
bate2 [beit] n . , ,
; to get in a
bateau [bt] n
batfowl [btfal] v
,
bath [b] I n 1. ; syn. cleansing, douche, scrubbing, shower, soak,
tub, wash; 2. ( ); to
take, to have a ;
3. ; ;
swimming s ; Order of the Bath ; 4. . , ; II v ,
; syn. bathe, clean, shower,
soak, wash

Bath brick

battleseasoned

Bath brick [bbrik] n

battalion [btljn] n ;

battle [bt()l] I n 1. , -


bathe [bei] I v 1. (); (); to one's hands in
blood ;
2. , (), (); 3. ()
( , ); 4. ( ); II n ; to have a ; ; syn. dip,
rinse, soak, swim, wash
bather [bei] n ;
bathhouse [b has] n
bathinette [ bnet] n

bathing [beii] n
bathing machine [beiim n] n
( )
bathmism [bmiz()m] n
bathometer [bmit] n
bathophobia [ bfbi] n
bathos [beis] n 1. ; ; the of stupidity ; 2. .
bathrobe [b rb] n

bathroom [b rm] n


()
bathygram [bigrm] n
bathymetry [bimtri] n , ()
bathyseism [bisaiz()m] n
batic [bt k] n
bating [beiti] prep .
baton [btn] n 1. ; 2. ; 3.

batonist [btnist] n
batsman [bmn] n , ( )
battalia [bteili] n

. . ; syn. army, brigade, company,


contingent, division, force, legion,
platoon, regiment, squadron
battels [btlz] n
battement [ btmnt] n
batten1 [btn] I n (
7 ); ; ; wall
; II v 1. () ; (down); 2. .

batten2 [btn] v 1.
; 2.

batter1 [bt] I v 1. ,
, ; ; syn.
assault, beat, crush, demolish, destroy,
pelt, pound, ruin, smash, thrash;
2. ();
(); 3. ; (
); 4. ; ; II n 1. ; 2. ;
; 3. . ;

batter2 [bt] I . n ,
(); II v
batter3 [bt] n
( )
battercake [btkeik] n
battered [btd] adj 1. ,
; syn. beaten, bruised,
crumbling, crushed, damaged, dilapidated; 2. , ; 3.
battering ram [btrirm] n
. ,
battery [bt()ri] n 1. . ; ; .
; 2. . , ;
; 3. .
, ;
 cooking ; to
turn a man's against himself

batting [bti] n

, ; a drawn ; syn. campaign,


clash, combat, conflict, dispute,
fight, row, struggle, war, warfare;
2. . ;  royal
, ;
; half the ,
; II v , ; syn. campaign, clamour, combat, contend, contest, fight, struggle,
war
battlearray [btl rei] n

battleaxe [bt()l ks] n 1. .


; ; 2.
battlecraft [btlkrft] n

battle cruiser [bt()l krz] n



battle cry [bt()lkrai] n 1.
; 2.
battledore [bt()ld] n 1. ;
; 2. ( );
and shuttlecock ,

battledress [bt()l dres] n .



battlefield [bt()l f ld] n
,
battlefleet [bt()lfl t] n
battleground [bt()l grand] n
1. , ; ; 2. .

battlement [bt()lmnt] n 1. ; (, );
2. .
battleorder [bt()l d] n .
1. ; 2. ; 3.
battlepiece [bt()lp s] n .

battleplane [bt()lplein] n

battleseasoned [bt()l s z()nd]


adj ; ,
89

battleship
battleship [bt()lip] n
,

beagle
bayman [beimn] n

battletried [bt()ltraid] adj -

bayonet [beinit] I n ; to

;
battlewagon [bt()l wgn] n
. . .
battue [bt] n ;
batture [btj] n

batty [bti] adj


bauble [bb()l] n 1. , ; ; syn. plaything,
tinsel, toy, trifle, trinket; 2. fool's
( )
baulk [bk] n
bauson [bsn] n
bauxite [bksait] n . ,

bawbee [ bb ] n . . ,
bawcock [bkk] n
bawd [bd] n

bawdry [bdri] n ,

bawdy [bdi] I adj ;


II n
bawl [bl] I v , (
at); to and squall
; out , ; to out (a person)
; ( ); to out
abuse ; II n
bay1 [bei] n , , ; syn.
arm, bight, cove, gulf, inlet
bay2 [bei] n 1. ; ; 2. .
( );
; 3. ,
bay3 [bei] I n ; at ; to hold smb. at
 ; II v
1. ; syn. bark, bawl, bell, bellow, cry, holler, howl, roar; 2. , ; ()
bay4 [bei] I adj ; II n

bay5 [bei] n 1. , ; 2. pl ,

charge with the


; II v
bayou [bai] n , ( )
bay salt [ beislt] n

bay window [ beiwind] n .
,
baza(a)r [bz] n 1. , ; 2. ;
Christmas ; 3.

bazoo [bz] n .
bazooka [bzk] n .
(

)
be [b ] v 1. ; I was home
; I will home
; he is ill ; she is
not here ; an order is an or
der ; if nothing
is done ; syn. arise, breathe, come to
pass, develop, dwell, exist, happen,
live, occur, reside, stay, take place;
2. ; ; ;  that as it may
; it was not to
 ; so it
;
beach [b ] I n
, , , ;
; to be on the .
; II v

; syn. coast, sand,
sands, seashore, seaside, shore, strand,
water's edge
beachcomber [b  km] n 1. ,
; 2. .
, , ; 3. .

90

; ;
beachfront [b  frnt] n

beachhead [b  hed] n . ( )


beachlamar [ b lm] n .

beachwear [b  we] n

beacon [b kn] n


; ; ; syn. bonfire,
flare, lighthouse, rocket, sign, signal,
watch-fire
beaconage [b kni] n

bead [b d] I n 1. , ;
; , ; ; to
tell one's s ( ); syn. blob, bubble,
droplet, glob, globule, pearl, pellet;
2. ; syn. drop; 3.
(); ; 4. . ;
to draw a on ;
5. , , ,
; 6. . ( ); II v 1. ; the houses are
ed along the river
(. )
; 2. ;
; 3.
beaded [b did] adj 1.
( ); 2. ,
,
beadledom [b dldm] n 1. ; 2. ;
beadroll [b drl] n 1. , ; 2. . ; 3. ; 4.
beadwork [b dw:k] n

beady [b di] adj ,


(.
)
beagle [b g()l] n

beak

beat

beak [b k] n 1. ; syn. bill, bow,

bear1 [be] I n 1. ; 2. -

beargarden [be gdn] n .

nose, nozzle, projection, snout;


2.  :
, ,
( ); 3. .
; 4. . ;
(); 5. .
beaked [b kt] adj ,

beaker [b k] n 1.
; ; 2. . ,

beaky [b ki] adv


beam [b m] I n 1. , ; ; syn. bar, board, boom,
plank, rafter, support, timber;
2. . ; (); 3. . ; (); on the ; sea
; 4. , ; syn. gleam, glimmer, glint, glow,
ray, shaft; 5. . , ;
II v 1. ; ; syn. glare,
glimmer, glitter, glow, radiate, shine,
smile, transmit; 2. 
beaming [b mi] adj
beam splitter [b m split] n
beamy [b mi] adj
bean [b n] n 1. ; kidney ,
French ; horse ; 2. . (.
); not to have a
;  to give one s
. ; ;
a hill of s . ; it gave
me s ;
old . , ",

beanbag [b nbg] n


beanery [b nri] n
beanfeast [b nf st] n ,

beano [b n] n (pl os) . .


beanfeast
beanpod [b npd] n

beany [b ni] n

, ;
3. .: Great (Little) Bear
()
bear2 [be] v (bore; borne); 1. ; ; syn. bring, carry,
convey, move, take, transport; 2. (p.
p. born) , ; to
children ; to
fruit ; syn. develop, generate, give birth to, produce;
3. ; ,
; syn. hold, shoulder,
support, sustain, uphold; 4. ,
; I can't him
; 5. , ;
6. ; 7. ,

bearable [berb()l] adj , ; syn. acceptable,


endurable, manageable, sustainable,
tolerable
bearbaiting [be beiti] n

bearberry [bebri] n
bearbine [bebain] n
bearcat [bekt] n
beard [bid] I n 1. ; to laugh
in one's ;
to speak in one's ;
syn. goatee, moustache, sideburns,
whiskers; 2. (); 3. ; 4. ,
; II v 1.
; 2. ; to a lion ( a
man) in his den

bearded [bidid] I p. p. beard;
II adj 1. ; syn. bristly,
bushy, hairy, shaggy, unshaven,
whiskered; 2. .
beardless [bidls] adj ; .
bearer [ber] n 1. ; ; 2. . ; ;
3. , ; cheque
payable to

,

bearing [beri] I n 1. ;
; ; syn.
air, behaviour, carriage, manner, posture; 2. ; this has no
on the question
; syn.
connection, reference, relation,
relevance, significance; 3. ;
the precise of the word
; 4. ;
5. ; 6. , ; 7. ;
8. . ; ;
9. . ; II adj 1. ; 2. ,
bearish [beri] adj ,
bearleader [be l d] n 1.
(); 2. . . ,

bearskin [be skin] n 1.
; 2. ; 3. ( ),
bearwood [bewd] n
beast [b st] n , ;
; of burden ; of prey ;
syn. animal, ape, barbarian, brute,
creature, monster, savage, swine
beastliness [b stlins] n 1. , ; 2.
beastly [b stli] I adj 1. ,
; ; 2. .
; ; II adv .
, ; it is wet
,
beat [b t] I v 1. (beat; beat, beat
en) , , ; syn.
bang, hammer, hit, knock, pound,
strike, whip; 2. ( . .):
( ); (); (,
); ();
( ); (,
91

beaten
, . .); 3.
( ); (
); (
); syn. palpitate, pulsate, pulse,
quiver, tremble, vibrate; 4. ,
; the team was en at
soccer ; syn. best, conquer, defeat, overcome, overwhelm,
subdue; 5. ; it s
everything I ever heard 
; 6. . ; ; (. ); 7. . ();
8. . ,
, ;
. .: to about the
bush . , ; tell me
straight what you want without
ing about the bush
, , ; back , ;
down (); (.
); into , ; off = back; out ; ; to out the
meaning ; to
be en out . ; up ( . .);
(); . ; ; .
, ;  to it
. ; it! . !, !;
to the air ; ; II n
1. ; syn. blow, hit, shake, slap,
strike; 2. , , ;
syn. accent, metre, palpitation, pulsation, pulse, rhythm, stress
beaten [b t()n] I p. p. beat;
II adj 1. , ,
; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5. ;
beater [b t] n 1. , ;
2. , ; ,
92

bed
, ( ); 3. .. , ( ); 4. .
beatific(al) [ b tifik()l] adj ;
beatification [bi tifikei()n] n
,

beatify [bitifai] v .
beating [b ti] n 1. , ;
syn. belting, conquest, corporal punishment, defeat, downfall, slapping,
thrashing, whipping; 2. ;
3. ()
beatitude [bititjd] n
beatnik [b tnik] n
beau [b] . n , 

beautician [bjti()n] n ;
beautiful [bjtf()l] adj 1. , ; syn. appealing,
attractive, charming, fair, fine, goodlooking, graceful, handsome, lovely;
2.
beautifully [bjtf()li] adv ,
beautify [bjtifai] v ;
syn. adorn, decorate, embellish, garnish, gild, grace, ornament
beauty [bjti] n 1. ; syn. attractiveness, charm, elegance, excellence, fairness, grace, loveliness;
2. ; syn. belle, charmer,
good-looker; 3.
beauty sleep [bjtisl p] n
( )
beauty spot [bjtispt] n 1.
( ); 2.
beaver1 [b v] n 1. ; 2. ; 3.
beaver2 [b v] v
beaver3 [b v] n 1. . ;
2.
becalm [bikm] v 1.
( ); 2.
became [bikeim] past become

because [bikz] conj 1. ;


; syn. as, by reason of, for, in
that, inasmuch as, on account of, owing to, since, thanks to; 2. of ,

beck1 [bek] n ,
;  to be at a person's
and call 

beck2 [bek] n
becket [bekit] n
beckon [bekn] v , ;
(, ); syn.
attract, call, gesticulate, gesture, invite, motion, nod, signal
becloud [biklad] v ; ; (,
)
become [bikm] v 1. , ; (of); what
has of him? ?;
syn. change into, get, grow, turn;
2. , ; syn. befit,
grace, harmonise, ornament, set off,
suit; 3. ; this dress s
you well

becoming [bikmi] I adj 1. ; 2. ,


( ); II n .
bed [bed] n 1. , ;
of straw ;
of roses . ,
; of thorns . , ; to
make a ; to go
to ; to take to
one's ; to be
brought to (of a boy) ,
(); to keep to one's ;
; to leave one's
, ; syn.
berth, cot, couch, divan, mattress;
2. ; ; ; 3.
(, ); syn. base, bottom,
foundation, groundwork, layer, plot;
4. . ; 5. . , ;
; 6. ..
; ; 7. .

bedabble

beetroot

bedabble [bidb()l] v ;
bedaub [bidb] v ;

bedbug [bedbg] n
bedchamber
[bed eimb]

beefalo [b fl] n

bedraggle [bidrgl] v ,

beefburger [b f b:g] n


beefcake [b fkeik] n -

bedpost

[bedpst]

()

bedclothes [bedkl] n ; syn. bedding, bed-linen,


blankets, pillows, quilts, sheets
bedcover [bed kv] n
beddable [bedb()l] adj
bedding [bedi] n 1.
; 2.
; 3. , ; ; 4. . , ;
bedeck [bidek] v
bedegar [bedig] n
bedel(l) [bedel] = beadle
bedevil [bidev()l] v ;

bedew [bidj] v 1. ; ; 2. .
bedfast [bedfst] adj . ()
bedfellow [bed fel] n 1. ; ; 2. ( ) ; 3.
bedgown [bedgan] n
bedhead [bedhed] n
bedight [bidait] adj
bedim [bidim] v . ;

bedizen [bidaiz()n] v . ,
,
bedlam [bedlm] n 1. ; 2. . ,
bedlamite [bedlmait] . I n (); II adj
bedmaker [bed meik] n
Bedouin [bedin] n
bedouinism [bedinizm] n
bedplate [bedpleit] n

bedrail [bedreil] n
bedral [bedrl] n

bedrid [bedrid] adj


bedrid(den) [bed rid()n] adj
1. ; 2. ; a argument

bedridden [bed rid()n] n

bedrock [bedrk] n 1. . ,
;
(); 2. . ; to get down to

bedroll [bedrl] n
bedroom [bedrm] n ; sin
gle (double)
() ()
bedside [bedsaid] n: to keep books
at one's ; to sit, to watch at ( by) a
person's ;
to have a good manner
( )
bedsit [bedsit] n
( )
bedspread [bedspred] n
bedstead [bedsted] n
bedstraw [bedstr] n
bedtime [bedtaim] n
bedwarmer [bed wmr] n
bee [b] n 1. ; 2. ",
; 3. .
,

beebread [b bred] n
beech [b ] I n , ; II adj
beechnut [b nt] n
beechy [b i] adj
beef [b f] n 1. ; horse
; 2.

beefeater [b f t] n 1.
; 2.  ( )

beefer [b f] n
beefsteak [b fsteik] n
beefy [b fi] adj ; ,

beehive [b haiv] n


beehouse [b has] n
beekeeper [b k p] n
beeline [b lain] n ,

been [b n bin ] p. p. be
beep [b p] n
beeper [b pr] n
beer [bi] n 1. ; and skittles
; to be in
; small
; . ; to think no
small of oneself
; 2. .
()
beerhouse [bihas] n
beeriness [birins] n
beery [biri] adj 1. ;
2. ;
beeswax [b zwks] I n (.
bee's wax); II v
beet [b t] n ; white
beetle1 [b t()l] n ; blind as a

beetle2 [b t()l] I v ; ; beetling cliffs (brows)
(); II adj

beetlebrowed [b t()l brad] adv,


adj 1. ;
2. ,
beetlecrusher [b t()l kr] n
. 1. ; 2.
beetlehead [b t()l hed] n
beetroot [b trt] n
93

beeves

behaviour

beeves [b vz] pl beef


befall [bifl] v (befell; befallen)

befoul [bfal] v . ;

, , ; a strange fate befell him



befallen [bifln] p. p. befall
befell [bifel] past befall
befit [bifit] v
befog [bifg] v
befool [bifl] v ,
before [bf] I prep 1. ; he
stood us ;
2. , ;
to appear the Court
; 3. ; the day
yesterday ; Chaucer
lived Shakespeare
; 4. ; your
whole life is you
; 5. ; ; to be others in class
( ) ; I love him myself
; II adv 1. , ; he
ran on ;
2. , , ; I have
heard it ;
long , ; long ; now ,
; syn. ahead, earlier, formerly, in
advance, in front, previously, sooner;
III conj 1. ; he arrived
I expected him
, ; 2.
; I would die rather I told
him ,

beforehand [bifhnd] adv 1. , ; ;


to be with , ; syn. already, before, earlier, in advance, preliminarily,
previously, sooner; 2. ( . .);
you are rather in your conclu
sions
beforetime [biftaim] adv

befriend [bifrend] v

94

; ; syn. aid, assist, back, encourage, help, support,


sustain, uphold, welcome
beg [beg] v 1. , ; to
leave ; to
pardon , ; syn. beseech, desire, entreat,
implore, petition, plead, request,
require; 2. ; 3. ,
( );  to the question

; I to differ

began [bign] past begin
beget [biget] v (begot; begotten)
1. , ; 2. .

begetter [biget] n 1. . ;
2. ; ;
beggar [beg] I n 1. ; syn.
down-and-out, sponger, supplicant,
tramp, vagrant; 2. . . fellow;
insolent ; poor ;
little s ( ); II v ,
; to oneself ;
it s all description
beggarhood [beghd] n
beggarliness [beglins] n
beggarly [begli] I adj ;
; ; hovel ; II adv 1. ;
2.
beggary [begri] n ;

begging [begi] I n ;
II adj
begin [bigin] I v (began; begun)
(); she began weeping
( to weep) ; to
at the beginning ; syn. activate, appear,
arise, commence, emerge, initiate, in-

troduce, originate, set about, set in,


start; II adv to with , 
beginner [bigin] n 1. , ; 2. ; ;
syn. amateur, apprentice, learner,
novice, recruit, starter, student
beginning [bigini] n ; ; make a ; syn.
birth, fountainhead, initiation, introduction, opening, origin, preface,
root, source, start
begone [bign] int !,
!
begonia [bigni] n
begot [bigt] past beget
begotten [bigtn] p. p. beget
begrime [bigraim] v , , ; d with
dust
begrudge [bigr] v 1. ; ; ; 2.
beguile [bigail] v 1. ;
to a man into doing something
() 
; syn. cheat, deceive, distract, divert, dupe, entice,
fool, mislead, trick; 2. ,
; to the time

beguin [beig] n
begun [bign] p. p. begin
behalf [bihf] n: in of , ,
; in my (his, her) (, ) ; on of my
friends ; on
my
behave [biheiv] v ,
; to oneself
; yourself!
!; syn. act, conduct, function, operate, perform, work
behaviour [biheivj] n ,
; to be on one's best
; to put someone on
his good 
; syn. actions, conduct, do-

behavioural
ings, manners, reaction, response,
ways
behavioural [biheivjrl] adj
behead [bihed] v ; syn. decapitate, execute, guillotine
beheading [bihedi] n

beheld [biheld] past p. p. be


hold
behemoth [bih m] n . ; .
behest [bihest] n . , ;
behind [bihaind] I prep, adv
1. , , ; ; the
house , ;
she has left two children her
; the back ,
; the scenes .
; time ;
the times ; ;
to be ; to fall
; there is more it
 ; syn. after,
backing, following, later than;
2. ( . .);
he is other boys of his class

( , ); II n .

behindhand [bihaindhnd] I adj


, ; ; ; to be with one's
rent
;
II adv: he is wise ,
"
behold [bihld] I v (beheld) , ; II int !, !
beholden [bihldn] adj , (
to,  for); syn. bound,
grateful, indebted, obliged, owing,
thankful
beholder [bihld] n ;

bell
behoof [bihf] n , ,
(. .:
in, on for my, your, his )
behoove, behove [bihv] v , ; it s you to go

behooveful [bihvfl] adj
beige [bei ] I n ; II adj ; syn. camel, coffee, cream,
khaki, neutral, sand, tan
bein [b n] adj
being [b i] I n 1. , , ; in ; to
call into , ; syn. actuality, existence, life,
living, reality, substance; 2. , ; human s ; syn.
body, creature, human being, individual, mortal; 3. ,
; to the very roots of one's
; II pres. p. ; that ; III adj , ; for the time
;

belabour [bileib] v , ;
belated [bileitid] adj 1. , ; syn. behind-hand,
delayed, late, overdue; 2. ,
belay [bilei] I v (belayed, belaid)
. ; II int .
!, !
belch [bel] I v 1. ; 2. (); 3. (); (,
); II n 1. ; 2.
(, )
belcher [bel] n
beldam(e) [beldm] n .
,
beleaguer [bil g] v
belfry [belfri] n ;
Belgian [beln] I n ;
II adj
Belgium [belm] n
belie [bilai] v 1. , ; -

; 2. ,
; ; his
looks his words ; 3. ()
belief [bil f] n 1. ;
(in); syn. assurance, confidence,
dogma, faith, ideology, intuition,
opinion, principle, sureness, theory;
2. , ; to the best
of my ;
3.
believability [bi l vbilti] n
believable [bil vb()l] adj ; syn. conceivable,
credible, likely, plausible, probable,
trustworthy
believe [bil v] v 1. ; syn. assume, consider, credit, guess, imagine,
rely on, speculate, suppose, think,
trust, wear; 2. ; I believe
you , ; I be
lieve in you ; 3. ; I
in early rising
; 4. , ; I so , ; ( ); I not , ;

believer [bil v] n ; true
; syn. adherent, convert, devotee, disciple, supporter
belittle [bilit()l] v . 1. ,
, ; syn.
deprecate, diminish, lessen, minimise,
underestimate, underrate, undervalue;
2.
bell1 [bel] I n 1. , ; 2. ; ; 3. .
( );
4. . (); ;
to strike the s ;
5. . , ;
6. (); 7. , ; to bear the , ;  to
bear, to carry away the ; to bear
the cap and s
95

belladonna
; II v ,
; to the cat .

belladonna [ beldn] n
bellboy [bel bi] n ,
( )
belle [bel] n ; the of
the ball
belleslettres [ belletr] . n pl
,
bellflower [belfla] n .
bellicose [beliks] adj 1. ; 2. ;
bellicosity [ beliksti] n 1. ; 2. ;
belligerence [bilirns] n
belligerency [bilirnsi] n
belligerent [blirnt] I n ; II adj
; Powers
bellman [belmn] n .
bellow [bel] I v 1. ; ; ; syn. cry, howl, roar,
shout, shriek, yell; 2. ; ; ; II n 1. ;
2. (, )
bellows [belz] n pl , ; a pair
of
belly [beli] I n 1. , ; pot
; syn. abdomen,
bowels, paunch, pot, stomach, tummy; 2. ; 3.
; 4. .
;
; 5. . " ; II v
1. (); sails out
; 2. ;
bellyache [beli eik] I n . ; II v . ,
,
96

beneath
belly button [beli bt()n] n .

bellyful [belifl] n 1.
, ; 2. . 
; ; to get a of a
thing 
belong [bil] v to ; ; it s to me to
decide ; I here ; syn. attach to, be connected with, be part of, be relevant to,
be tied to, relate to, tie up with
belongings [biliz] n 1. , , ;
syn. effects, goods, possessions,
stuff, things, traps; 2. ,

beloved [bilvid] n ,
; syn. admired, adored,
cherished, darling, dear, favourite,
loved, sweet, treasured
below [bil] I adv , ;
as it will be said
; syn. beneath, down,
lower, lower down, under, underneath; II prp 1. , ; zero
; syn. under, underneath;
2. ( ,
. .); the average

belt [belt] I n 1. , , ; 2. , ; 3. . ; 4. .
; 5. ; 6. . ;  of fire . ; to hit, to strike, to tackle
below the .
; . ; II v 1. , ; 2.

Beltane [beltein] n .
(1
)
belted [beltid] I p. p. belt;
II adj 1. ; 2.

beltline [beltlain] n .
, . .

beluga [bilg] n
bemoan [bimn] v
bemuse [bimjz] v ;

bemused [bimjzd] adj ; syn. bewildered, confused, distracted, muddled, perplexed, stunned,
stupefied
ben [ben] n .

bench [ben] n 1. ; syn.
board, counter, seat, settle, stall;
2. ( ); 3.
(); ; . ; to be
raised to the , ; syn. court,
courtroom, judge, judiciary, tribunal;
4. , ; 5. . ,
benchboard [benbd] n
bencher [ben] n 1.
; 2. .
;
benchmark [benmk] n 1. ; ; 2.
bend [bend] I v 1. ()
(), (); trees
before the wind
; syn. bow, contort, curve,
diverge, flex, lean, stoop, turn, twist;
2. (,
. .; to); 3. (,
. .); 4. ();
syn. influence, Shape, subdue, sway;
5. . , (,
); to one's brows
;  to the knee ; ; to one's
neck ; II n 1. ; ; syn. angle, bow, crook, curve,
elbow, hook, turn, twist, zigzag; 2. ; ; 3. .
; pl ; 4. . ;
bendy [bendi] adj
beneath [bin ] I prp , ;
our (very) eyes () ; criticism

benediction
; to be notice (con
tempt)
( ); to marry one
; syn.
below, lower than, subject to, subordinate to, under, underneath; II adv
; syn. below, lower, lower
down, under, underneath
benediction [ benidik()n] n
benedictory [ benidiktri] adj
benefaction [ benifk()n] n 1. ; 2. ,
benefactor [benifkt] n 1. ; 2. ; syn. angel, backer, donor, friend, helper,
sponsor, supporter, well-wisher
benefactress
[benifktrs]
n
1. ; 2.
beneficence [bnefisns] n 1. ; 2.
beneficent [bnefisnt] adj ;
beneficial [ benifi()l] adj
beneficiary [ benifiri] n 1. .
;
2. ,
benefit [benifit] I n 1. ;
; ; to be denied the
s ; for your special ;
to give one the of the doubt
 ; syn. advantage,
aid, assistance, favour, gain, interest,
profit, use; 2. . ;
3. ; society
() ;
II v 1. , ; syn. advance, advantage, aid, assist, better, enhance, further, improve,
profit, promote; 2. , 
benevolence [binevlns] n

berserk(er)
benevolent [binevlnt] adj ; , ; syn. altruistic, caring,
compassionate, considerate, goodwill, humane, humanitarian
Bengalee [begli] I n 1. ; 2. ; II adj
Bengali [begli] I n 1. ;
; 2. ;
II adj
benighted [binaitid] adj 1. ; 2. . ( . .)
benign [binain] adj ( );
( ); ( ); . ; syn.
curable, harmless
benignant [bnignnt] = benign
benignity [bnignti] n
benne [beni] n
bent1 [bent] I n 1. . ;
; 2. , ; to follow one's , ;
to the top of one's ; ; syn. ability, aptitude, faculty,
inclination, leaning, preference,
talent, tendency; 3. .
; II adj ; lever
; syn. angled,
bowed, curved, folded, hunched,
stooped, twisted
bent2 [bent] n 1. .
(. grass);
2. (. wood); to flee,
to go, to take to the

bent3 [bent] past p. p. bend
Benthamism [benmiz()m] n
,
Benthamite [benmait] n
benthic [benik] adj
benthos [bens] n (
)
benumb [binm] v 1.
; ; 2. ()

benumbed [binmd] adj 1. ; 2. . ,

benzene [benz n] n
benzine [benz n] I n ; II v

benzol [benzl] n
benzyl [benzil] n .
bequeath [bikw ] v 1.
(); syn. assign, bestow,
entrust, gift, give, grant, hand down, pass
on, will; 2.
bequest [bikwest] n 1. ;
; syn. bestowal, donation, estate, gift, heritage, inheritance, legacy, trust; 2.

berate [bireit] v ,
Berber [b:b] I n ; II adj

bereave [bir v] v (bereaved,


bereft) , (of); an
accident bereft the father of his
child
; syn. afflict, deprive, dispossess, orphan, rob
bereaved [bir vd] adj

bereavement [bir vmnt] n ; syn. death, deprivation,
dispossession, loss
bereft [bireft] past p. p. be
reave; syn. deprived, destitute, devoid, lacking, robbed, wanting
berenice [ berinais ] n
berg [b:g] n ,
bergamot [b:gmt] n
berhyme [biraim] v .

berime [biraim] = berhyme
Berlin [b:lin] n ()
berm [b:m] n
bernardine [b:nd n] n
berry [beri] I n 1. ; 2. , ; II v 1. ; 2.
berserk(er) [bz:k] n 1. .
, ; 2. .

97

berth
berth [b:] I n 1. . ; ..
; syn. bed, billet,
bunk, hammock; 2. ; ; building .
; covered . ;
3. , ; a good ; to give a wide
to , ;
II v 1. () ;
syn. anchor, dock, drop anchor, land,
moor, tie up; 2.
, ; 3. ,
bertha [b:] n ,

beryl [berl] n .
beseech [bis ] v (besought) , ,
beset [biset] v , ;
syn. assail, attack, besiege, hem in,
pester, plague, surround
beside [bisaid] prp 1. ;
, ; the river ;
syn. adjacent, bordering on, close to,
near, neighbouring, next to; 2. .
, ; 3.
; 4. ; the mark, the
question , ,
; oneself ;
; the purpose
besides [bisai] I adv ,
; syn. additionally, also, as
well, further, furthermore, in addition,
moreover, otherwise, too; II prp
; syn. apart from, in addition
to, other than, over and above
besiege [bis ] v 1. . ; , ; syn. assail, beset, blockade, confine, encircle,
surround; 2. (,
)
besieger [bis ] n

besmear [bismi] v 1. , ; ; 2.
besmirch [bism:] v 1. ;
2. , ;
besom [b zm] I n , ;
II v (away, out)
98

bestridden
besot [bist] v 1. , ; 2. ,

besought [bist] past p. p.


beseech

bespangle [bispg()l] v
; the d sky

bespatter [bispt] v 1. ; 2. ,
bespeak [bisp k] v 1.
; ;
2. (); 3. , ; 4. ,
bespectacled [bispektk()ld] adj,
adv ,
bespoke [bispk] I past p. p.
bespeak; II adj .

bespoken [bispkn] p. p. be


speak
bespread [bispred] v (bespread)
,
besprent [bisprent] adj .
1. ; 2.
besprinkle [bisprik()l] v , ;
best [best] I adj (. .
good) 1. ; syn. advantageous, excellent, finest, first, firstclass, first-rate, greatest, outstanding,
perfect, supreme; 2. ; the
part of the week
; 3. : liar
; thrashing ;
 girl . ; ; looker . .
; man ; seller
; .
; II n 
, ;
Sunday ; at
; bad is the ; to
be at one's ;
; to do, to try one's (
one's level )
;

; to get, to have the


of it , ( . .); to give
 ,
; to have the of
the bargain
; to make
the best of it ; to make the of one's way
, ;
to the of one's ability
, ; to the
of my belief ; III adv ,
; you had con
fess ;
syn. excellently, exceptionally, extremely, greatly; IV v
; ,
bestead1 [bisted] v (besteaded;
bested; bestead)
bestead2 [bisted] adj . ; by enemies (with dan
gers) (); ill (well)
()
bestial [bestil] adj , ;
bestiality [ bestilti] n
bestiary [bestiri]
bestir [bist:] v: to oneself ; your
self! !
best man [ bestmn] n
bestow [bist] v 1. , ; 2. . ; 3. ,
, (on, upon);
to honours ;
syn. apportion, award, donate, entrust, give, grant, present
bestowal [bistl] n ; ;
bestrew [bistr] v (bestrewed; be
strewed, bestrewn) 1. ;
2.
bestrewn [bistrn] p. p. be
strew
bestridden [bistrid()n] p. p.
bestride

bestride
bestride [bistraid] v ;

bestrode [bistrd] past be


stride

bestseller [ bestsel] n
;

bet [bet] I n 1. ; an even ; syn. bid,


gamble, pledge, risk, speculation,
stake, venture; 2. ; II v , ; to
on (against)
(); you ! . . !; !; syn. gamble,
lay, pledge, punt, risk, speculate, stake,
venture
betake [biteik] v (betook; betak
en): to oneself to
; ; to oneself to one's heels

betaken [biteikn] p. p. betake


betel [b t()l] n .
bethel [bel] n ( )
bethink [biik] v (bethought): to
oneself , ;
(to)
bethought [bit] past p. p.
bethink
betide [bitaid] v (betid) ,
(. . . 3 .);
whatever ; woe him who... ,
...
betimes [bitaimz] adv .
1. ; 2.
betoken [bitkn] v 1. ;
2.
betray [bitrei] v 1. ,
; syn. abandon, desert,
disclose, double-cross, expose, give
away, inform, on reveal, tell; 2. .
; his voice ed him
; 3. ,
betrayal [bitreil] n ,
; syn. deception, doubledealing, treachery, treason, unfaithfulness

bewilder
betrayer [bitrei] n , -

between [bitw n] adv, prp -

; syn. conspirator, deceiver,


double-crosser, informer, traitor
betroth [bitr] v ,
betrothal [bitrl] n ,
betrothed [bitrd] I p. p. be
troth; II adj ,
better1 [bet] n
better2 [bet] (. .
good, well) I adj ;
; I am
, ;  the part
; sort . ; to be off ; to be than one's word ; for for
worse ; ; the hand , , ;
to get the of ,
, ; I know
; no than a fool
; to think of ..., ;
syn. bigger, finer, greater, on the
mend, stronger, superior; II adv ; ; all the , so much
the ; you had go
; you'd be
lieve it . .
; twice as long and
;
III n: one's , "; IV v (); (); (); to
oneself (
); ing house ; syn. correct, forward, further, improve, outdo, overtake, raise,
reform
betterment [betmnt] n , ; syn. advance
ment, enhancement, furtherance,
improvement
betting [beti] I pres. p. bet;
II n

; the cup and the lip a morsel


may slip .
; the devil and the deep
sea ;
hay and grass ;
ourselves , ; whiles ; wind and water .
; visits
are far ; syn.
amidst, among, amongst
betweentimes [bitw ntaimz] adv

betwixt [bitwikst] ., . .
between; and between

bevel [bev()l] I n . ;
- ;
;
;
gear
; pinion
- ; II adj
; ; III v
1. ; ; ; 2. ,
beverage [bevri] n ;
syn. draught, drink, liquid, liquor,
poison
bevy [bevi] n 1. (. ); (); syn. band, bunch, collection,
company, crowd, gathering, group,
pack; 2. , (. )
bewail [biweil] v ,
; syn. bemoan, cry over, deplore, lament, moan, mourn, regret,
sorrow over
beware [biwe] v , ( imp. inf.
of); of dogs!
!; lest you provoke him
; syn.
avoid, look out, mind, take heed,
watch out
bewilder [biwild] v , ; ;
syn. baffle, confound, confuse, mystify, perplex, puzzle
99

bewildered
bewildered [biwildd] adj , ; syn.
baffled, confused, muddled, perplexed, puzzled, surprised
bewilderment [biwildmnt] n
1. ; ; ; syn. confusion, mystification, perplexity, puzzlement, surprise;
2.
bewitch [biwi] v 1. ; 2. ; syn. allure,
attract, charm, entrance, fascinate,
obsess, possess
bewitchment
[biwimnt]
n
1. ; 2. ,

bey [bei] n ()
beyond [bijnd] I prp 1. ; ; syn. above, across, away
from, further than, out of reach of,
over, past, remote from; 2. ;
the appointed hour
; 3. ; ,
; belief ;
compare ; ex
pression ; hope ; measure ;
one's depth ; it
is me ; II adv , ;
III n (the ) ;
 the back of
bezant [bez()nt] n 1.
( );
2. .
biannual [bainjl] adj ;
bias [bais] I n 1. , ,
, ; 2.
; 3. ( ; against); ( ; in favour
of, towards); ;
syn. angle, bent, leaning, partiality,
prejudice, slant, turn, unfairness; II v
; ; to
be sed against one ; syn.
influence, predispose, prejudice, slant,
100

bidding
twist, weight; III adv ,
biased [baist] adj
biathlon [bailn] n
bib [bib] n ;
 best and tucker
bibb [bib] n ; , ,
bibber [bib] n
bibelot [bibl] n
Bible [baib()l] n
biblical [biblik()l] adj
bibliographer [ bibligrf] n

bibliographic(al) [ bibligrfik()l]
adj

bibliography [ bibligrfi] n

bibliomania [ biblimeini] n

bibliomaniac [ biblimeinik] n

bibliophile [bibli fail] n ,

bibliotheca [ bibli k] n

bibulous [bibjls] adj

bicameral [baikmrl] adj

bicarbonate [baikbnt] adj .

bice [bais] n 


bicentenary [ baisent nri] I adj

200; II n 200
bicentennial [ baisentenil] I adj
;
200 ; II n ,
bicephalous [baisefls] adj
biceps [baiseps] n . ,

bichloride [ baiklraid] n .
; of
mercury

bichromate [baikrmeit] n .

bicker [bik] I v 1. , ; syn. argue, disagree, dispute,


quarrel, row, squabble; 2. ; 3. ( );
( ); 4. ( ); II n 1. ; 2.
biconcave [baikkeiv] adj .

biconvex [baiknveks] adj .

bicuspid [ baikspid] . I adj


(); II n 
bicycle [baisik()l] I n ;
syn. bike, cycle, push-bike, tandem,
two-wheeler; II v
bicycler [baisikl] . = bicyclist
bicycling [baisikli] I pres. p.
bicycle; II n
bicyclist [baisiklist] n
bid [bid] I v 1. . ;
2. ; do as you are
den (), ;
syn. charge, command, direct, instruct, proclaim, propose, require;
3. (for); against,
up ; to fair ,
(to); to farewell, to
goodbye ; to welcome
; II n 1.
(. );
( ); syn. advance, amount,
offer, price, proposal, submission,
sum, tender; 2. ;
3. . . ; 4.
bidden [bid()n] past bid
bidder [bid] n 1.
; ; the highest,
the best ,
( );
2.
bidding [bidi] n 1.
; ; 2. ;
3.

bide












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

billet

bide [baid] v (bode, bided) . =

bigamy [bigmi] n ; -

abide; to one's time


bidet [b dei] n
bidirectional [ baidirek()nl] adj

biennial [baienil] I adj , ;


; II n
bier [bi] n
biff [bif] n
bifid [baifid] adj ;
bifocal [ baifk()l] I adj , ; II n pl

bifocals [baifklz] n
bifold [baifld] adj
bifurcate [ baif:keit] I adj ; II v (), ()
bifurcation [ baifkei()n] n , ;
big [big] adj 1. , ;
, ; repair ; game (, , ); Big
Ben
; bug .
, "; gun .
; noise
; . ; . .
, ; syn. considerable,
enormous, great, huge, immense,
large, massive, sizable; 2. ;
3. (. with
child); with news . ; 4. , ; head . ,
; to look
; syn. important, influential, main, significant; 5. ; mouth . ; to talk ; 6. . ,
( heart); syn. generous, unselfish
bigamist [bigmist] n ;

;
bigfoot [bigft] n
biggie [bigi] n
biggin [bigin] n
biggish [bigi] adj
bighead [bighed] n
bigheaded [ bighedid] adj ,
bighorn [bighn] n
bight [bait] n
bigness [bigns] n , .
bigot [bigt] n ; ; ; syn.
dogmatist, fanatic, racist, religionist,
sectarian
bigoted [bigtid] adj ; ; syn. biased,
dogmatic, intolerant, narrow-minded,
opinionated, prejudiced
bigotry [bigtri] n (-);
big tree [bigtr ] n . .
bigwig [bigwig] n
bijou [b ] . I adj
; II n (pl oux) ; ;
bijouterie [bi tri] n
bike [baik] . . bicycle

biker [baikr] n ,
bikeway [baikwei] n

bikini [bik ni] n


bilateral [bailtrl] adj
bilberry [bilbri] n
bilbo [bilb] n 1. (pl os) . ; 2. (pl oes)
bile [bail] n 1. ; 2. ; ; syn. anger,
bitterness, ill-humour, irritability,
peevishness
bilge [bil] I n 1. ();
2. ; 3. . ,
; II v

biliary [biljri] adj 1.


; 2. = bilious
bilingual [bailigwl] adj 1. ; 2.

bilious [bilis] adj 1. ;


2. ;
3.
biliousness [bilisns] n

bilk [bilk] I v ; ( ); II n = bilker

bilker [bilk] n ,
bill1 [bil] I n 1. ; 2. ;
3. (); 4.

; II v
( )
bill2 [bil] I n 1. ,
; to pass (to throw out)
the () ; syn. legislation, measure,
proposal; 2. . ; to find a true
; to ignore
the ; 3. ;
; 4. ; syn. account,
charges, invoice, reckoning, score;
5. , ; 6. ; ; ; syn. advertisement,
broadsheet, handbill, handout, leaflet,
list, note, notice, placard, poster;
7. . ; a five dollar
;  of
costs ( ) ;
of credit ; of en
try ; to
fill the .
; ; to foot the ;
II v 1. ; ; 2. . ,
billabong [bilb] n
billboard [bilbd] n .
, ;

billet1 [bilit] I n 1. ; 2. ; pl
; ; 3. , ,
101











:
()


(r)











:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

billet












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

; II v
()
billet2 [bilit] n 1. , ;
; 2. ; 3. .
billfold [bilfld] n
billhead [bilhed] n , . .
billiard [bilid] adj ;
cue ; room
billiardmarker [biljd mk] n

billiards [bilidz] n ; to
play
billingsgate [bilizgeit] n (Billingsgate ); to
talk ,

billion [biljn] n ,
billionaire [ biljne] n
billon [biln] n ,
billow [bil] I n 1. ,
; 2. ; 3. . ; II v
,
billowy [bili] n 1. ( ); 2. , ( )
billposter [bil pst] n
billsticker [bil stik] = billposter
billy [bili] n 1. () ; 2. . , ;
3. .

billy goat [biligt] n .


biltong [bilt] n . ,
bimbo [bimb] n
bimetallic [ baimtlik] adj
bimetallism [ baimetliz()m] n .

bimodal [baimd()l] adj


bimonthly [ baimnli] I adj ; II adv
102

biocontrol
; III n , ,

bin [bin] n 1. , ;
2. ; 3.

binary [bainri] adj ,
; ; digit
. ( )
binational [bain()nl] adj
binaural [ bainrl] adj
bind [baind] I v 1. ; ; (), ;
syn. attach, fasten, seal, secure, stick,
strap, tie; 2. ; 3. (); 4. ; to
oneself ; to be bound to take an action
; to
be bound to be defeated ; 5. ( , ,
. .); ; to the loose
sand ; 6. ; II n .
binder [baind] n 1. ;
2. (, . n); 3.
bindery [baindri] n

binding [baindi] I n 1. ;
syn. bandage, covering, tape, trimming, wrapping; 2.
;
; ; 3. .
( ); II adj ;
.; power ; in a form
; syn. compulsory, mandatory, necessary, obligatory, strict
bindle [bind()l] n
bindweed [baindw d] n .
bine [bain] n . ;
(. )
bineutron [bainjtrn] n

binge [bin] n . , - 


bingo [big] n

binit [binit] n

binnacle [bink()l] n . 
( )

binocular [binkjl] I adj -



; II n ( pl)
binomial [bainmjl] n . - 

, ; Binomial theorem



binominal [ bainmin()l] adj - :
; system ., . - ()

bioaccumulation [bai kjmjlei-
(r)
()n] n
bioacoustics [ baikstiks] n


bioactive [ baiktiv] adj -





bioactivity [ baiktiviti] n - 


bioavailability [bai veilbiliti]

n
bioblast [baiblst] n



biocatalyst [ baiktlist] n 


biocentric [ baisentrik] adj - :

()
bioceramic [ baisrmik] n - 

(r)
biochemistry [ baikemistri] n


biochip [baiip] n

biocidal [ baisaid()l] adj 


biocide [baisaid] n

bioclimatology [bai klaimtl- 

i] n
biocompatibility [baikm pt-
bilti] n -



biocompatible [ baikmptb()l] 
adj

biocontent [ baikntent] n :
()
biocontrol [ baikntrl] n - 

(r)

bioconversion












:
()


(r)

bioconversion [ baiknv:()n]
n

biocybernetics [bai saibnetiks]


n

biodegradation [bai degrdei()n] n


biodyne [baidain] n
bioelectricity [baii lektrisiti] n

bioelectrogenesis [baii lektrensis] n

bioelectronics [baii lektrniks] n

bioenergy [ baieni] n

bioengineer [bai enini] n 











:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

bioenvironmental [baiin vairnment()l] adj


bioethics [ baieiks]

biofeedback [ baif dbk] n
biofuel [ baifjl] n
biogenesis [ baiensis] n
biogenetic [ baiinetik] adj

biogeocenology [bai  s nli] n


biogeocenose [bai  s ns]
n

biogeochemistry [bai  kemistri] n


biogeosphere [ bai sfi] n

biographee [bai grf ] n


biographer [baigrf] n
biographic(al) [ baigrfik()l]
adj

biography [baigrfi] n ; syn. account, autobiography, curriculum vitae, life story, memoirs, record
biohazard [ baihzd] n
bioindustry [ baiindstri] n

bipartition
bioinorganic [bai ingnik] adj

bioinstrumentation [bai instrmntei()n]


biological [ bailik()l] adj ; warfare


biologist [bailist] n
biology [baili] n
bioluminescence [bai lminesns] n
biolysis [bailisis] n
biolytic [ bailitik] n
biomagnification [bai mgnifikei()n] n
biomass [baims] n
biomaterial [ baimtiril] n

biomathematics [bai mimtiks] n


biomedicine [ baimedsn] n biometer [baimit] n -

biosemiotics [bai semitiks] n

biosensor [ baisens] n
bioshield [bai ld] n

[ baimlikjl]

biosystematics [bai sistimtiks]

bionavigation [bai nvigei()n]


n

bionic [bainik] adj


bionicist [bainisist] n
bionics [bainiks] n
bionomics [ bainmiks] n
bioorganics [ baigniks] n

biopack [baipk] n

biophilic [ baifilik] adj

biophysics [ baifiziks] n

biopic [baipik] n

bioplasm, bioplast [baiplz()m,


baiplst] n ,

bioplast [baiplst] n

bioscopy [baiskpi] n -

biospeleology [bai sp lili] n

biomolecule

biopolymer [ baiplim] n - 

biopreparation [bai preprei()n] 



n

bioproductivity [bai prdktiviti] 
n

biopsy [baipsi] n

bioregulator [ bairegjleit] n


biorhythm [bai ri()m] n - 





bios [bais] n - :

()
biosatellite [ baistilait] n - 

bioscience [ baisains] n - (r)

biota [bait] n
biotaxy [baitksi] n

biotechnologist [ baiteknlist]
n

biotherapy [ baierpi] n
biotic [baitik] adj
biotics [baitiks] n

biotransformation [bai trnsfmei()n] n


biotron [baitrn] n
biotype [baitaip] n
biowaste [baiweist] n

biparental [ baiprent()l] adj

bipartite [baiptait] adj 1. .


; 2.
( treaty)

bipartition [ baipti()n] n
103











:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

biped












:
()


(r)

bitbrace

biped [baiped] n ; II
bipedal)

adj

(.

biplanar [ baiplein] adj

biplane [bai plein] n


bipolar [ baipl] adj .

birch [b:] I n 1. ; 2. ;

II v

birchbark [b:bk] n

birchen [b:n] adj ;


birchwood [b:wd] n











:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

bird [b:d] n ;
birdcage [b:d kei] n (
)

birdcall [b:dkl] n 1. , ; 2. .
bird dog [b:ddg] n .

birdfancier [b:d fnsi] n ,

birdhouse [b:dhas] n
birdie [b:di] n (. bird)
. ,

birdlime [b:dlaim] n
birdman [b:dmn] n

bird of prey [ b:dvprei] n

birdscarer [b:d sker] n

bird seed [b:ds d] n


bird'seye [b:ai] n . ()

bird'seye view [b:ai vj] n


bird'snest [b:nest] n 1.
; 2. ( )

birdy [b:di] adj


Biro [bair] n
( )

birotation [ bairtei()n] n

birth [b:] n 1. ; an
artist by 104

; syn. background, beginning,


childbirth, line, origin, parentage,
source; 2. ; two at a ; 3. , ; 4.
birth control [b:kn trl] n
1. ;
2.
birthday [b:dei] n ; adj: cake
; party
; syn. anniversary, day
of birth
birthless [b:lis] adj
birthmark [b: mk] n ,

birthplace [b: pleis] n
, ; syn. native
country, native town, place of origin,
roots, source
birthrate [b:reit] n ;

birthright [b:rait] n 1.
; 2.

birthstone [b:tn] n ,

bis [bis] n
biscuit [biskit] n 1. ;
ship's ; syn. cake, cookie,
cracker, rusk, wafer; 2. ()
biscutate [baiskjteit] adj
bisect [baisekt] v ,
; syn. divide, halve, intersect, separate, split
bisection [baisek()n] n

bisector [baisekt] n .
bisectrix [baisektriks] (pl trices)
= bisector
biseptate [baisepteit] adj
biserrate [baisereit] adj
bisexual [ baisekl] adj
bishop [bip] n 1. ; the
has played the cook . (

); syn. archbishop, patriarch, prelate; 2. . ;


3. ()
bishopric [biprik] n ;
bisk [bisk ] n
bismuth [bizm] n .
bison [bais()n] n
bisonant [baisnnt] adj
bisque1 [bisk] = biscuit
bisque2 [bisk] n
bissextile [bisekstail] I adj ; the day 29 ;
II n
bistable [ baisteib()l] adj
bistatic [ baisttik] adj
bistort [bistt] n .
bistoury [bistri] n ( )
bistre [bist] n ( )
bistro [b str] n
bisymmetry [ baisimtri] n
bit1 [bit] n 1. ; , ; a ;
by ; wait a ; he is a of a cow
ard ; every ; not a ; to give a
person a of one's mind , ; syn. crumb, fragment,
grain, jot, part, piece, segment, speck;
2. ; to do one's
; ,
bit2 [bit] I n 1. ; ;
2. ;
; 3. ; ; ;
4. (); II v 1. ; 2. ,
bit3 [bit] n .
bitangent [ baitn()nt] n
bitbrace [bitbreis] n .











:
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:
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(r)












:
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(r)

bitch












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

bitch [bi] n 1. ();


wolf ; 2. .
bitchiness [biins] n
bitchy [bii] adj
bite [bait] I v 1. (); ;
( ); 2. , (); syn. chew, crunch,
gnaw, nibble, pierce, pinch, sting, tingle, wound; 3. ( , . .); 4. ;
( ); 5. ,
( ); 6. , ;
7. ,
(); 8. ,
; 9. . ; the wheels will not ;  off ; to off more than one can
chew . ; to the dust, the
ground, the sand ;
;
, ; II n
1. ; ; ();
syn. nip, smarting, sting, wound;
2. ; without or sup , ; 3. ,
biter [bait] n , ; ; the bit .
= ,
biting [baiti] adj 1. , ; 2. ,
bitsy [bii] adj
bitten [bit()n] p. p. bite
bitter [bit] I adj 1.
( ); salt ;
syn.
acid, harsh, sharp, sour,
unsweetened; 2. . , ; 3. ( ,
); 4. ; ene
my ; to the end
; syn. biting,
cruel, fierce, intense, painful, severe;
II adv , , ;
III n 1. ; 2.

bitter end [ bitrend] n .: to


the ,
bitterish [bitri] adj
bitterly [bitli] adv .

blackletter
bittern1 [bitn] n ()
bittern2 [bitn] n ( )

bitterness [bitns] n .
bitters [bitz] n pl 1. ; 2.
bittersweet [ bitsw t] adj 

bittock [bitk] n
bitty [biti] adj
bitumen [bitjmin] n
bivalent [ baiveilnt] adj
bivalve [baivlv] I adj ; II n .

bivinyl [ baivinil] n
bivouac [bivk] I n ; II v
,
bizarre [biz] adj , , ; syn.
abnormal, curious, eccentric, extraordinary, ludicrous, peculiar, queer,
ridiculous, strange, unusual
blab [blb] v , ,

blabber [blb] n ; ;
syn. babble, chatter, gab, jabber, prattle
black [blk] I adj ; turn
; paint the door
; syn. coalblack, dark, ebony, inky, jet, jet-black;
II n 1. ; dressed in
; 2. ; ;
3. . ; wins

blackamoor [blkm] n .
1. ; 2. ;
blackball [blk bl] I n
( ); II v
blackband [blkbnd] n

blackbeetle [blk b t()l] n


blackberry [blkbri] n
blackbird [blkb:d] n

blackboard [blkbd] n

blackbutt [blkbt] n

blackcap [blkkp] n 
, -



blackchalk [blkk] n .

blackcock [blkkk] n

blackcurrant [ blkkrnt] n -

Black Death [ blkde] n .


" ( 

13481349 .)

black earth [ blk:] n 
blacken [blkn] v 1. ; :
; syn. cloud, darken, dirty, ()

smudge, soil; 2. ;
black eye [ blkai] n
(r)

blackfellow [blk fel] adj

blackfish [blkfi] n

black friar [ blkfrai] n ()

blackguard [blgd] I n ,

; II adj ; III v
blackguardism [blgdiz()m] n
1. ; 2.
blackhead [blkhed] n 1.
( ); 2.

blackheart [blkht] n

blacking [blki] I pres. p.


black; II n
blackingout [blki at] n 1. =
blackout; 2. ()
blackish [blki] adj
blackjack [blkk] I n 1. .
. , ; 2. .

; II v . .
,
black lead [ blkled] n .
blackleg [blkleg] n 1. ; 2. ,
blackletter [ blklet] ;
book
105











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(r)












:
()


(r)

blacklist












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

blacklist [blk list] I n

; II v

blackmail [blkmeil] I n ;
; syn. blood-sucking, extortion, hush money, intimidation; II v ;
; syn. bribe, compel, demand,
force, squeeze, threaten
blackmailer [blkmeil] n
black market [ blkmkit] n
black marketeer [ blkmkiti] n
,
blackness [blkns] n ;
;
blacknull [blknl] n 

blackout [blkat] I n 1. .

; 2.
( ); 3.
( . .); 4. .
, ; syn.
coma, faint, unconsciousness; 5. ; syn. censorship,
concealment, cover-up, secrecy;
6. , , ;
II v .
; III adj

black pudding [ blkpdi] n


blacksmith [blksmi] n
blacksnake [blksneik] n

blackstrap [blkstrp] n
,

blackthorn [blkn] n . ,
blacktown [blktan] n
blackvein [blkvein] n
blacky [blki] I adj ;
II n . ,
106

blankly
bladder [bld] n 1. (.

blandishment

); football
; 2.
bladdery [bldri] adj 1. ; 2. ,
blade [bleid] n 1. , ;
2. , ; 3. ;
; syn. dagger, edge, knife,
scalpel, sword; 4. (); ()
blague [blg] n ,
blah [bl] n . ,
blame [bleim] I v ;
; he is to for it
; syn. accuse,
censure, charge, chide, condemn,
criticise, disapprove, reprimand,
reproach; II n 1. , ;
syn. accusation, charge, condemnation, criticism, fault, guilt, reprimand, reproach, responsibility;
2. ; ; to bear
the ; to
lay the (up)on a person, to lay
the at a person's door 
blameful [bleimfl] adj
blameless [bleimls] adj ; syn. clear, faultless, guiltless,
innocent, perfect, sinless, virtuous
blameworthy [bleim w:i] adj ; syn. at
fault, disreputable, guilty
blanch [bln] v 1. , ; syn. bleach, fade, pale, whiten;
2. ( . .);
3. ,
(); 4. ; 5. () ; 6. ()
blancher [bln] n
blancmange [blmn] n
bland [blnd] adj ;
blandish [blndi] v 1. , , ;
2.

,
blank [blk] I adj 1. , ; ( );
( , ); ( );
cartridge ; to
give a cheque . ;
; syn. bare, clean, clear,
empty, plain, unfilled; 2.
; syn. apathetic, expressionless, glazed, impassive, staring, vacant; 3. , ;
to look ;
4. ; ; silence
; despair
; II n 1. ,
; syn. break, emptiness, gap, space, vacuum; 2.
( ); 3. .
; 4.
; 5. ; ; 6. ; . (); my
mind is a complete
; 7. . ; ; III v . ; "
blanket [blkit] I n
; syn. carpet, cloak, cover,
covering, wrapper, wrapping; born on
the wrong side of the , ; to put a wet on, to throw
a wet over . ; ; II v
1. (); syn. cloak,
coat, conceal, cover, hide, mask, obscure; 2. ;
3. , ;
4. . ; 5.
(); ();
; III adj , , , ; ; syn. all-embracing, all-inclusive, comprehensive,
inclusive, overall
blankly [blkli] adv 1. , ; 2. ,

[blndimnt]

n 











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(r)












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(r)

blanquette












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(r)












:
()


(r)

blanquette [blket] n

blare [ble] I v ; II n
;

blarney [blni] I n ; syn.


eloquence, flattery, persuasiveness,
smooth talk, soft soap, sweet talk; II v
;
blaspheme [blsf m] v ;

blasphemous [blsfms] adj


blasphemy [blsfmi] n ; syn. cursing, defilement, impiety, irreverence, profanity, sacrilege,
swearing
blast [blst] I n 1.
; syn. bluster, draught, gale,
gust, squall, storm, tempest; 2.
; 3. ;
; to be in full
; to be out of
; ( );
4. . ; 5. ( ); 6. ; ( ); syn. bang, burst,
crash, detonation, discharge, explo
sion, outburst; 7. ; 8. , (); II v 1. ();
2. (, );
3. ; syn. assail, attack, blow
up, burst, demolish, destroy, explode,
ruin; 4. , ; 5. .

blasted [blstid] I p. p. blast;


II adj 1. ; 2.
blaster [blst] n
blast furnace [blst f:nis] n ,
blasting [blsti] I adj 1. ; 2. , ; cartridge
; oil
( ); II n
1. , ; 2.
; 3.
blastoderm [blstd:m] n

bleeder
blastoff [blstf] n (); ( )

blastogenic [ blstenik] adj

blastolation [ blstlei()n] n

blastproof [blstprf] adj

blastula [blstjl] n
blasty [blsti] adj
blatancy [bleitnsi] n ,

blatant [bleit()nt] adj ;


syn. barefaced, conspicuous, flagrant,
loud, naked, obvious, ostentatious,
prominent
blate [bleit] adj
blather [bl] = blether
blatherskite [blskait] n .

blaze1 [bleiz] I n 1. ; in a
; syn. flame, flames, glare,
gleam, glitter, glow; 2.
; of publicity
; syn. brilliance, flash,
light, radiance; 3. , ; 4. (, );
5. pl .: go to s!
!; II v 1. ; syn. burn, fire, flame, glare,
gleam, glow; 2. , ;
syn. beam, flash, shine; away
.
; up (. . . .)
blaze2 [bleiz] I n 1.
( ); 2. ,
( ); II v
( ); ( ) ; to a trail ,
; .

blaze3 [bleiz] v
blazer [bleiz] n
blazing [bleizi] adj 1. ; ; 2. , ; scent .

blazon [bleiz()n] n 1. ; 2. - 
; II v -
; to abroad 



blazonry [bleiz()nri] n 1. ; 
2.

bleach [bl ] v 1. , -
(); syn. fade, lighten, pale,

whiten; 2.
bleacher [bl ] n 1. ; 

2. ; 3. . . 

:
bleak1 [bl k] adj 1. , ()
; - 
; ( ); 2. -
; ; (r)
syn. bare, barren, chilly, cold, colourless, depressing, gloomy, joyless,
unsheltered, windy; 3.
( ); 4. ,
bleak2 [bl k] n ()
bleakness [bl kns] n
(); ; 

blear [bli] adj


bleat [bl t] I v ; II n ;
()
bleb [bleb] n 1. ; 2. ( , ); ( )
blebby [blebi] adj
bled [bled] past p. p. bleed
bleed [bl d] v 1. ;
; my heart s
; to
white ; . , ; syn. drain, flow, gush, ooze,
run, sap, seep, squeeze, trickle,
weep; 2. ; 3. ( ); 4.
; 5. ;
( ), (.,
); 6. . ;
7. .
bleeder [bl d] n 1. , ; . ; 2.
107











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(r)

bleeding












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:
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(r)

bleeding [bl di] I n 1. ; 2. ; II adj ,

blemish [blemi] I v 1. ,
; syn. blot, blur, damage, disfigure, flaw, mark, spoil, spot, stain,
taint; 2. ; ; II n
1. ; 2. ,
blench1 [blen] v 1. ,
; 2. 
blench2 [blen] v ,
blend [blend] I v 1. ();
; oil and water
will never
; syn. amalgamate,
combine, compound, fuse, harmonise,
merge, mingle, mix, unite; 2. , ; 3.
( ); (
); II n 1. ;
; syn. combination, compound, fusion, mix, mixture, union;
2.
blender [blend] n
Blenheim [blenim] n 1.
; 2.: Orange ,

blent [blent] past p. p. blend
blepharoplasty [blefr plsti] n

bless [bles] v . ;
me! , !; (God)
you! ;
!; o.s. ;
I my stars that... , ...; syn. approve, dedicate, exalt, favour, glorify,
grace, magnify, praise, thank
blessed [blesid] adj ,
;
blessedness [blesidns] n ,
; a state of single
.
blessing [blesi] n 1. ; syn. benediction, benefit,
favour, gain, gift, godsend, grace,
thanksgiving; 2. , ;
108

bloated
3. , ; 4.
( ); a in disguise
,
blether [ble] I v ,
; II n ,
blew [bl] past blow
blewits [bli] n
blight [blait] I n 1.
( ); 2. 
; 3.
; 4. ,
,
. .; 5. , ;
6. , ; II v
1. ();
2. ( . .);
(); syn.
crush, destroy, frustrate, injure, ruin,
spoil, wreck
blighter [blait] n
blimey [blaimi] int .
!, !
blind [blaind] I adj 1. ; to be
to smth.
; syn. eyeless, purblind, sightless, unseeing, visionless;
2. ; ;
hand ; 3. ,
( , ); 4. , ( . .); 5. .
; to the world
; II n 1. (the ) pl .
; 2. ; ; ; 3. , ; 4. .
, ; III v 1. ; ; 2. ; ; 3. . ; 4. .

blindfold [blain(d) fld] I adj 1.


(. adv);
2. ; to know
one's way ,
, ; II v
blinding [blaindi] adj
blindly [blain(d)li] adv , ; syn. carelessly, heedlessly,

impulsively, madly, recklessly, thought- 

lessly

blind man's buff [ blaindmnzbf] 



n

blindness [blaindns] n 1. ; 
2. ;

blink [blik] I v 1. ; -
; 2. ; syn. flash, flicker,
gleam, glimmer, shine, sparkle, twin- 

kle, wink; 3. 

; II n 1. ; 2. ; 
3. ( ); on :
the . . - ()
, ; 

(r)
blinkers [blikz] n pl
bliss [blis] n , ;
syn. blessedness, blissfulness, ecstasy,
gladness, happiness, paradise
blissful [blisf()l] adj ,

blissout [blisat] n
blister [blist] I n 1. , ; 2. .
; ; II v 1.
; 2. ,
blister beetle [blist b tl] = blis
terfly
blisterfly [blistflai] n

blistery [blistri] n
blithe [blai] adj (. .)
1. , ;
2.
blither [bli] . = blether
blithesome [blais()m] = blithe
blitz [bli] . . I n  ; ; II v ,

blizzard [blizd] n ,
; syn. snowstorm, squall,
storm, tempest
bloat [blt] v ,
bloated [bltid] adj ,
, ; syn. blown
up, enlarged, expanded, inflated,
swollen











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(r)

bloater












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(r)

bloop

bloater [blt] n
blob [blb] n ; ; -

blockwork [blk w:k] n

; syn. ball, bobble, bubble, drop,


droplet, globule, pearl, pill, spot
bloc [blk] n , ;
syn. alliance, cartel, clique, coalition,
faction, group, league
block [blk] I n 1. , ;
2. . ; 3. ();
( ); 4. (); ; 5. , ;
in , ; 6. . ;
7. ; the ;
8. ;
printing ; 9. ,
( ); 10. . ,
; 11. ; (); syn. bar, barrier, blockage, delay,
hindrance, impediment, jam, obstacle,
obstruction; 12. .. ;
; ; 13. .
, ; II v 1. ; ;
(up); to the access ; syn. arrest, bar, check, close,
deter, hinder, impede, obstruct, stop;
2. . (
); 3.
(in, out)
blockade [blkeid] I n 1. ;
to raise a ; syn.
barricade, barrier, obstruction, siege,
stoppage; 2. . ();
II v
blockage [blki] n ;

blockbuster [blk bst] n .


1. ( );
2.
block capitals [ blk kpitlz] n

blockhead [blk hed] n
blockish [blki] adj
block letter [blk let] n
block signal [blk sign()l] n ..

blockwatchers [blk wz] n

bloke [blk] n . ,
blond(e) [blnd] I adj ,

; syn. bleached, fair,


fair-skinned, golden-haired, lightcoloured; II n ()
blood [bld] n ; hands cov
ered with ; sweat
; bank
; clot ;
donor ; feud
; group ;
sports ; test ; transfusion
; in cold ;
blue
bloodbath [bld b] n ,

bloodcurdling [bld k:dli] adj


; ;
syn. chilling, dreadful, fearful, frightening, horrible, horrifying, scaring,
terrifying
blooded [bldid] adj 1. ( ); 2. .
,

bloodguilty [bld gilti] adj .




blood heat [bldh t] n

bloodhound
[bld hand]
n
1. (); 2. .
bloodiness [bldins] n
bloodless [bldls] adj ; ; syn. cold,
colourless, lifeless, pale, pallid, sallow,
sickly, spiritless, unfeeling
bloodletting [bld leti] n 1. ; 2. .
bloodline [bldlain] n
blood orange [bld rin] n ( )
blood poisoning [bld pizni] n

blood

pudding

[bld pdi] = 

bloodshed [blded] n - 

; syn. bloodletting, killing, mas
sacre, murder, slaughter, slaying

bloodshot [bldt] adj
( )

bloodstain [bldstein] n


bloodstained [bld steind] adj 



1. ; 2. .

, :

()
bloodstock [bldstk] n - 


bloodstream [bld str m] n - (r)
black pudding

bloodsucker [bld sk] n 1. 


; 2. . ,
;

bloodthirsty [bld :sti] adj - 
; syn. barbarous, brutal, 
cruel, ferocious, ruthless, savage, vi- 

cious
blood vessel [bld ves()l] n -



bloodwood [bldwd] n 


bloody [bldi] I adj 1. - 
; ; syn. bleeding, :
bloodstained; 2. ; ()

; syn. brutal, cruel,

fierce, murderous, savage; 3. . (r)


; II adv . 
, ; III v

bloodyminded

[ bldimaindid]

adj .

bloom [blm] I n 1. , ;
; in
; syn. blossom, blush, flourishing, flower, health, heyday, prime,
vigour; 2. ; 3. ; II v
1. ; syn. blossom, develop,
flourish, grow, prosper, succeed; 2. .
bloomer [blm] n .
;
blooming [blmi] adj ;
a fool
bloop [blp] n
109











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blooper [blp] n
blossom [blsm] I n 1. , (. ); syn. bloom, bud, flower; 2. ; II v ; ;
; syn. bloom, develop,
flourish, flower, grow, mature, progress, prosper
blossomy [blsmi] adj
blot [blt] I n 1. ; syn. blemish,
fault, mark, smear, smudge, speck,
spot, stain, taint; 2. , ; II v 1. ; ; syn.
blur, disfigure, disgrace, smudge, spoil,
spot, stain, sully, taint; 2.
blotch [bl] I n 1. ; 2. ,
; 3. . =blottingpaper;
II v ,
blotchy [bli] adj ,
blotter [blt] n 1. ; 2. ; 3. . .
;
blotting paper [blti peip] n

blouse [blaz] n ();
,
blow1 [bl] I v (blew; blown)
1. , ; syn. blast, breathe,
exhale, fling, flow, pipe, puff, stream,
trumpet, waft, wind; 2.
(, ); ( ); (
. .); 3. ; ; 4. ( ); ( );
5. , ; 6. ( ); 7. (. up);
8. . ; 9. . (); 10. . ; I'll be ed if I know
, ;
. .: about,
abroad (,
); in ,
; () ; ; to off steam
; . ; ;
out ;
110

bluebottle
; to out one's brains ; over ,
( , . .);
up ; ;
; . , ;
upon , ; ; ;
 high, low , ; to
hot and cold , ; to one's
nose ; to one's own
trumpet ; ; II n 1. ; to get
a ;
syn. blast, draught, gale, gust, puff,
wind; 2. . ; 3.
blow2 [bl] n 1. ; at a ; ; to come to s
, ; to strike
a for (against) (); syn. bang, clap,
knock, rap, stroke, thump; 2. .
(), ; syn. affliction, catastrophe, disaster, misfortune, shock, upset
blowball [blbl] n
blowdown [bldan] n
blowdry [bldrai] v

blower [bl] n 1. , ;
( . .); ;
2. . ; 3. . ; ; 4. .
( ); 5. ,

blowgun [blgn] n
blowing engine [bli enin] n

blowing machine [bli m n] =
blowing engine
blowing up [ bli p] n 1. ;
2. .
blowlamp [bl lmp] n

blown1 [bln] p. p. blow


blown2 [bln] adj ,
(too
to speak)

blowout [blat] n 1.
(., ); 2. (, . .); 3. . ,
; 4. .
;

blowpipe [bl paip] n

blowtorch [blt] = blowlamp


blowup [blp] n 1. = blowout;
2. ; 3. ,
blowy [bli] adj ( ); syn. breezy, draughty, fresh,
gusty, squally, stormy, windy
blub [blb] . . . = blub
ber
blubber1 [blb] n
blubber2 [blb] adj , ( )
blubbery [blbri] adj
bludge [bl] n
bludgeon [bl()n] I n ;
syn. baton, club, cosh, truncheon;
II v
blue [bl] I adj 1. , ;
syn. aquamarine, cobalt, indigo,
sapphire, ultramarine; 2. ;
; syn. depressed,
dispirited, down-hearted, gloomy,
miserable, sad, unhappy; II n
; ; III v ;
 appear out of the ; from out of the
; once in a moon

Bluebeard [blbid] n 1.
( );
2.
bluebell [bl bel] n .
blueberry [blbri] n
bluebook [blbk] n 1.
( .
. ); 2. ,
;
3. .
bluebottle [bl bt()l] n 1. .
(); 2. .











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bluecoat [blkt] n
bluecollar [ bl klr] adj ( . .)

bluefin [blfin] n
blueing [bli] n 1.
(); 2.
bbluepencil [ blpens()l] v ; , ; syn. censor, clean up, correct,
edit, purge
Blue Peter [ blp t] n .

blueprint [blprint] n 1. , "; 2. . , ,


blue ribbon [ blribn] n 1. ; ; 2. (. )
blues [blz] n .
bluestocking [bl stki] n .
, ";

bluff1 [blf] I adj 1. , ; ; 2. , ; ; II n


; ,
bluff2 [blf] I n , , ; to call the ; syn. boast,
bravado, deceit, fake, fraud, lie, pretence, show; II v , , ,
; syn. deceive, defraud, delude, fake, hoodwink, lie,
mislead, pretend
bluffy [blfi] adj 1. , ; 2. , ,

bluish [bli] adj ,


blunder [blnd] I n ; syn. bloomer, error, fault, inaccuracy, mistake, oversight, slip; II v
1. ; ; 2. ; 3.
; ; ; to away one's
chance ; out , -

boast
; upon 
blunderbuss [blndbs] n .
,
blundering [blndri] adj 1. , ; 2.
blunt [blnt] I adj 1. ; angle
; ; syn.
dull, pointless, rounded, stubbed,
unsharpened; 2. , ; 3. , ; 4. , ; II v ; syn. alleviate, dull, numb,
soften; III n

blur [bl:] I n 1. , ; syn.


blot, dimness, fog, obscurity, smear,
smudge; 2. ;
; 3. , ; II v 1. , ;
; syn. stain; 2. ; ; ( . .); syn. becloud, blemish, cloud, darken, mask,
obscure; 3. ();
out
blurb [bl:b] n ; ; 

blurred [bl:d] adj ,


blurt [bl:t] v ,
(. out); syn. babble, disclose, divulge, leak, reveal, utter
blush [bl] I v ; syn. colour, flush,
glow, redden; II n 1. ,
; 2. ; at (the) first
,

blushful [blfl] adj 1. ; ; 2. ,

blushing [bli] adj = blushful


bluster [blst] I v 1. ; ( ); 2. ; ; 3. (at); II n
1. ; 2. ; 3.
;


blusterer [blstr] n
blustery [blst()ri] adj ,



bo [b] int: can't say bo to a

goose =

boa [b] n 1. . ; ;
2. ,

boar [b] n ; wild ,




board [bd] I n 1. ; syn. clap- 



board, panel, plank, sheet, timber;

2. , , ; and :
lodging ; syn. ()
food, meals, provisions, rations; 
3. . ; 4. ; 5. pl -
, ; 6. ; - (r)
; ; ; ; syn. advisers, chamber,
committee, council, directorate;
7. (); on ,
, ; to go by
the ; .
; 8. .
; to make s ; II v
1. ; ; 2. ; . .
, , ; 3. . ;
4. .
boarder [bd] n
boarding house [bdihas] n
;

boarding school [bdiskl] n
1. , ; 2. 
boardroom [bdrm] n
boardwages
[bd weiiz]
n
1. , ();
2. ,
boardwalk [bdwk] n .
boardy [bdi] adj
boast [bst] I n 1. ; syn. brag, claim, joy, pride, treasure, vaunt; 2. ;
to make of () 
; II v 1. () (of,
111











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about, that); not much to of


(); syn. brag,
claim, exaggerate, show off, talk big;
2.
boaster [bst] n
boastful [bstf()l] adj ; syn. bragging, proud, puffedup, swollen-headed, vain
boat [bt] I n ; ; ; ; ;
to take ; to be
in the same . ,
; to sail in the same
. ; II v
;
; syn. canoe, gondola, rowingboat, speed-boat, water-craft
boatable [btb()l] adj
boatage [bti] n
boatbill [btbil] n
boatel [btel] n
boater [bt(r)] n

boatful [btf()l] n 1.
; 2. ,
boathook [bthk] n
boathouse [bt has] n ,
boating [bti] n
;
boatman [btmn] n ;
syn. ferryman, gondolier, rower,
sailor, yachtsman
boatplane [btplein] n
boat race [btreis] n

boatswain [bs()n] n
bob1 [bb] I n 1.
(); ; ; ; 2. .
; 3. ();
;
( ); 4. ; to
bear a ; 5. , ; to
112

boffinry
give one the ;
, ; II v 1. ; syn. bounce, hop, jerk, jolt,
jump, leap, quiver, shake, skip, spring;
2. ,
(up and down); to up like a
cork . ;
3. (); 4. ; 5.
bob2 [bb] n .
bobbed [bbd] adj ( )
bobber [bb] n
bobbery [bbri] n , ;
 pack
( )
bobbish [bbi] adj ., .
, (. pret
ty )
bobble [bbl] n
bobsled [bbsled] = bobsleigh
bobsleigh [bbslei] n 1.
( );
2. ,
bobtail [bbteil] n 1.
; 2.
bobwig [bbwig] n
bocage [bk ] n
bocasin [bksin] n
bocca [bk] n
bock [bk] n (
)
bode1 [bd] v 1. ; ; 2.
bode2 [bd] past p. p. bide
bodeful [bdfl] adj ,
;
bodega [bd g] n
bodement [bdmnt] n
bodgie [bi] n
bodkin [bdkin] n
Bodleian [bdl n] adj ; library -

( )
body [bdi] I n 1. ; to keep
and soul together
; syn. build, figure, torso,
trunk; 2. . ; a poor
; (. somebody, nobody
.); 3. ; 4. ;
5. , 
; , , ; ( );
(); (); ( ); (. of a
dress); of a book
( , . .); of the order
; syn. carcass, corpse;
6. . ; 7. , 
( ); of
electors ; 8. . ; of cavalry ; 9. ;
; politic ; diplomatic ; legislative ; learned
; in a
; 10. ; ;
a great of facts ;
11. ,
(); II v , (.
forth)
body building [bdi bildi] n
bodycheck [bdiek] n
bodycolour [bdi kl] n .
;
bodyguard [bdi gd] n 1.
; ; 2. ;
syn. minder, protector
bodysnatcher [bdi sn] n
bodysuit [bdisjt] n
bodywork [bdi w:k] n
Boer [b] n . (
)
boffin [bfin] n
boffinry [bfinri] n











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bog












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(r)

bog [bg] I n , ; syn.


marsh, marshland, moss, swamp,
swampland, wetlands; II v: to be
ged
bogberry [bg beri] n
bogey [bgi] = bogie
bogeyman [bgi mn] n
boggle [bg()l] v ,

boggy [bgi] adj ; syn.


marshy, miry, muddy, swampy, waterlogged
boghead [bghed] n

bogtrotter [bg trt] n 1. ; 2. .


bogus [bgs] adj
Bohemia [bh mi] n .
bohemian [bh min] I n 1. ; 2. ;
II adj 1. ; 2.
bohunk [bhk]
boil1 [bil] I v 1. (), (); 2. ; ; to
make one's blood ; 3. ; ;
 away ; down ,
,
;
. , ; to
down to ; over , ; .
-; II n , ; to bring to
the
boil2 [bil] n ,
boiled [bild] adj , ; dinner . ,
,
; , 
( )
boiler [bil] n 1. () ; 2. ;
; 3. ,

boilerhouse [bilhas] n
boilermaker [bil meik] n

bomber
boilerplate [bil pleit] n ;

boiler suit [bilsjt] n

boiling [bili] I n 1. ;

heat

2. ; II adj
boiling point [bilipint] n
(. .)

boisterous [bist()rs] adj 1. ; 2. ,


bolar [bl] adj
bold [bld] adj 1. ; I make
to say ;
2. , ; as as
brass , ; to make
(with) ; 3. ; 4. (, ); , ; 5. , ; 6. .
()
boldfaced [ bldfeist] adj 1. ( ); 2.
boldly [bldli] adv 1. ;
2.
bole1 [bl] n ;
bole2 [bl] n , ,
bolero [bler] n 1. , ; 2.
boletus [bl ts] n
olivian [blivin] adj
boll [bl] n .
bollard [bld] n . ,
(
)
bollworm [blw:m] n
bolster [blst] I n 1.
; 2. ; 3. ,
; II v 1.
() ; 2. . ;
bolt1 [blt] I n 1. ; 2. ; ; a from the
blue ,
; 3. ; -

; (); (); 4. ;
5. . ; to make a , ; 6.
(); (, ); II v 1.
; 2. ;
3. , ; ; 4. ( );
5. ; III adv
upright ,
bolt2 [blt] v
;
bolter [blt] n ,
bolthead [blthed] n

bolthole [blthl] n ,

bolting1 [blti] n 1.
; 2.
bolting2 [blti] n ,

bolus [bls] n 1. ; 2.
bomb [bm] I n ; (); ; II v , ;
up . ()
bombard [bmb(r)d] v 1. ; 2. . ();
bombardier [ bmbdi] n 1. ; 2. . .
bombardment [bmbdmnt] n
; preliminary
bombardon [bmbdn] n ( )
bombasine [bmbs n] n .
( , .
)
bombast [bmbst] n ( , )
bombastic [bmbstik] adj
bomber [bm] n 1. ; ; 2. . 
113











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bombing [bmi] n ;
;

bomblet [bmlit] n

bombproof [bmprf] . I adj


; II n ,
bombshell [bm el] n
bombsight [bm sait] n
bombsite [bmsait] n
bona fides [ bnfaid z] n

bbonapartist [bn ptist] n


bonbon [bnbn] n
bonce [bns] n
bond [bnd] I n 1. , ; 2. pl
; . ; in s ; 3. ; ( );
4. ; 5.
; 6. . ;
; 7. ;
II v 1. . ;
( ); 2.
; ; 3.
bondage [bndi] n ,
bonder [bnd] = bondstone
bondholder [bnd hld] n
bondsman [bnmn] n 1. =
bondman; 2.
bondstone [bndstn] n . ,
bone [bn] I n 1. ; to the
; drenched (frozen) to
the ( ); 2. pl ;
; 3. . ; ; 4.  : () , ; the of contention
; to have a to pick with
one . ; II v 1. ;
114

booklet
2.
bone black [bnblk] n

bonecoal [bnkl] n

boned [bnd] adj 1.


() ; large ; 2.
bonedry [ bndrai] adj
bonedust [bndst] n
()
bonehead [bnhed] n . ,

boneless [bnlis] adj


bonemeal [bnm l] n

boner [bn] n
bonfire [bn fai] n
bonhomie [bnmi] n
bonhomme [ bnm]
bonk [bk] n
bonkers [bkz] adj
bonnet [bnit] n 1.
( ), ; ; ; 2. . (,
); , ();
; 3. . ( , .)
bonny [bni] adj
bonus [bns] n 1. ; 2. dj:
job
bony [bni] adj 1. ;
2.
bonze [bnz] n
boo [b] I int ; II v ; to a dog
out
boob1 [bb] n
boob2 [bb] n . (. pl)

booby [bbi] n ,
boodle [bd()l] n .
book [bk] I n 1. ; the Book
; 2. ; (

. .);  to be on the s ; to be in the


good (bad black) s
 ()
; to bring to ; to suit one's
 , ;
to take a leaf out of another's
 ,
; II v 1. ; ;
2. ,
; (, ); all the
seats are ed up ; 3. ;
(, ); I shall you
for Friday evening (
)
bookbinder [bk baind] n
bookbindery [bk baindri] n
bookbinding [bk baindi] n
bookcase [bk keis] n
; ;
booked [bkt] I p. p. book;
II adj 1. ; 2.
bookfair [bkfe] n
bookingclerk [bkiklk] n ,
bookingoffice [bki fis] n 1. (,
); 2. ()
bookish [bki] adj ; ;
bookkeeper [bk k p] n ;
bookkeeping [bk k pi] n ;
booklearning [bk l:ni] n ; ,
;
bookless [bkls] adj 1. ; 2.
booklet [bklt] n ,











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bookmaker












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bookmaker [bk meik] n


bookman [bkmn] n ,











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(r)

bookstand [bk stnd] n

bookmark(er) [bkmk] n ( )

bookseller [bk sel] n


; secondhand

bookselling [bk seli] n

bookshelf [bkelf] n

bookshop [bkp] n

bookstack [bkstk] n

bookstall [bk stl] n











:
()


(r)

bookstore [bk st] n

bookwork [bkw:k] n

bookworm [bk w:m] n


, ,

boom [bm] I n 1. (,
. .); 2. (
); 3. ,
; II v 1. ;
; ; 2.
, ; ; 3. ( ,
); 4. , ( ,
. .)
boomer [bm] n

boomerang [bmr] n
boominess [bminis] n
boon1 [bn] n , ;
,
boon2 [bn] adj 1. ; 2. .
, ( . .)
boor [b] n ,
boorish [bri] adj
boost [bst] I . v 1. ,
; 2.
; 3. .

borderland
; 4. ();
5. . , (); II n 1. ; 2. . ; 3.
booster [bst] n 1. ;
2. . ;
boot1 [bt] I n 1. ; high
(. riding ); and sad
dle !" ( );
. !"; the is on the
other leg . ; ; ; to die
in one's s .
; ;
to get the (order of the)
; to have one's heart
in one's s , "; syn. galosh, overshoe,
ridingboot, rubber, Wellington;
2. ; II v 1. ; 2. ;
3. . ; to out, to
round
boot2 [bt] n , ; to

bootblack [btblk] n (.
.);
bootee [bt ] n 1. (. ) ;
2. ()
booth [b] n ; ; ; ; ( );
syn. kiosk, stall, stand, tickedof
fice
bootjack [btk] n 1. ;
2. .
bootlace [btleis] n

bootleg [btleg] I n 1. ;
2. . ; 3. . ; II v . .

bootlegger [btleg] n .

bootless [btls] adj 1. - 


; effort ;
2. , ; - 



bootlicker [btlik] n . - 

bootmaker [btmeik] n
boots [b] n ,

( )

boottop [bttp] n

boottree [bttr ] n - 

:
booty [bti] n - ()
, ; to play 
,
; - (r)

booze [bz] I n 1. ; 2. -

; II v .
boozer [bz] n
boozy [bzi] adj . 1. ;
2.
bop [bp] n
bopper [bp] n
boracic acid [b rsiksid] n
borage [bri] n .

borax [brks] n . ; soap



Bordeaux [bd] n 1. .
. ; 2. ()
border [bd] I n 1. ; the
Border
; syn. borderline,
boundary, brim, brink, edge,
fringe, frontier, limit, margin, pe
riphery, rim, skirt, surround,
verge; 2. , ; ;
; II v 1. (on,
upon); 2. . ,
( . .);
3. ,
bordereau [ bdr] n
borderer [bdr] n
borderland [bdlnd] n 1. ; 2. . ;

115











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(r)

borderline [bdlain] n
bore1 [b] I v 1. , ; ; ; syn. bur
row, drill, mine, penetrate,
pierce, undermine; 2. . ; 3. .
; he s me to death
; II n
1. , ;
hole , ;
2. . . ;
3. ; 4.

bore2 [b] n
( )
boreal [bril] adj
Boreas [bris] n . ,
bored [bd] adj ; I am

boredom [bdm] n ; syn.
apathy, dullness, monotony, te
diousness, weariness
borehole [bhl] n
borer [br] n 1. , ; ; 2. ; ;
3. .
borescope [bskp] n
boresome [bsm] adj
boric [brik] adj .
boring [bri] adj , ; syn. commonplace, dull,
monotonous, routine, tedious, un
interesting
born [bn] adj , ; in all one's days
; a poet
borne [bn] p. p. bear
borne p. p. bear2 (born
. (): born in
1919, born of a sickly mother,
borne by a sickly mother; she
has never borne children)
bornite [bnait] n
boron [brn] n .
borough [br] n ; municipal ,
; Parliamentary
116

bottleholder
,
borrow [br] v 1. , (of,
from); 2.
Borstal [bst()l] adj: system
,
borzoi [bzi] n ( )
boscage [bski] n . ;
;
bosh1 [b] I n, int . , ; II v . .
bosh2 [b] n . 1. ,
;
2.
boskage [bski] = boscage
bosky [bski] adj

bosom [bz()m] I n 1. ; ; 2. ; ; of the sea
; 3. ;
friend ; II v
1. ; 2. .
; a house ed in trees
,
boss1 [bs] I . n 1. ;
; syn. adminis
trator, chief, director, employer,
executive, governor, head, leader,
manager, master, owner, supervi
sor; 2. .
; 3. ; 4. . ; II v
; ;
to the show
boss2 [bs] I n 1. , ; 2. . , , , ; ; 3. .
, ; 4. .
; 5. ; II v
1. ;
2. ; 3. . ,
bossy [bsi] adj
bot [bt] n
botanic [btnik] adj

botanical [btnik()l] adj - 


botanist [btnist] n

botany [btni] n

botch [b] I n 1. ; 2. 
; II v 1.
; 2.

botcher [b] n

botchery [bri] n
botchy [bi] adj 

botfly [btflai] n

both [b] I pron, adj ; they :
are doctors, of them are doc ()
tors ; II adv, conj: 
... and... ... ...; ...
...; he speaks English and (r)
French , 
bother [b] I n ,
; ; syn. annoyance,
difficulty, fuss, inconvenience, ir
ritation, nuisance, problem, trou
ble, worry; II v ; ; ; (it)!
!; syn. alarm, annoy, bore,
concern, dismay, disturb, harass,
inconvenience, irritate, trouble,
upset, worry
botheration [ brei()n] I n ; II int !
bothersome [bs()m] adj , ;
bottle [bt()l] I n 1. , ; ; neck
; syn. carafe, flagon, flask;
2. ( );
3. ; to be fond of the ; over a
(); II v 1.
(off); 2. , (up)
bottled [bt()ld] adj
bottle glass [bt()lgls] n
bottle green [bt()lgr n] n 
,
bottleholder [bt()l hld] n
1. (
); 2. . ,











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(r)

bottleneck [bt()l nek] n ; . ,

bottom [btm] I n 1. , ;
, ; syn.
base, basis, bed, depths, floor, foot,
foundation, ground, sole, support,
underneath; 2. (,
.n.); to go to the ;
to touch ; 3. ;
; ;
4. , ; 5. , ; 6. ; 7. ;
8. ; 9. attr.
; ; ; ; price ;  one's
dollar ; to be at
the of , ; from the of the
heart ; to stand on
one's own ;
; II v 1. , ; 2. . ; 3. ; 4. ; ; 5. ;
bottomland [btmlnd] n .
;
bottomless [btmlis] adj ; pit ; syn.
boundless, deep, infinite, inexhaus
tible, limitless, measureless, pro
found
bouffant [bf] n
bough [ba] n
bought [bt] past p. p. buy
bougie [b ] n 1. . , ; 2.
bouillabaisse [ bjbes] n
bouilli [bj ] n
bouillon [bjn] n
boulder [bld] n 1. ;
2.
bouldery [bldri] adj
boule [bl] n
boulevard [blv] n 1. ;
syn. avenue, promenade, prospect,
street, terrace; 2. . ,
bounce [bans] I v 1. , ; to into (out

bovine
of) the room
( ); syn.
bound, jump, leap, spring; 2. ; 3. . . ; II n
1. , ;
2. ; with a ; syn. animation, bound, elas
ticity, energy, go, liveliness,
spring, vitality, vivacity; 3. ; ; 4. . ; 5. . . ;
III adv ; !
bouncer [bans] n
bouncing [bansi] I adj , , , ;

bouncy [bansi] adj ,


bound1 [band] I n , ; ; to put, to set
s ; II v 1. ; 2. . ; 3.
bound2 [band] I n 1. , ; 2. (); II v 1. , ; ; syn.
bounce, jump, leap, pounce, skip,
spring, vault; 2.
( . .)
bound3 [band] adj 1. ;
up with smb.
; syn. bandaged,
chained, constrained, fastened,
held, restricted, secured, tied(up);
2. ; ; syn.
certain, committed, compelled,
destined, fated, forced, obliged,
required; 3. , ; he is to succeed

bound4 [band] adj (.
);
boundary [bandri] n 1. ,
; syn. barrier, border, bor
derline, brink, edge, extremity,
fringe, frontier, limits, line, mar
gin, verge; 2. adj ;
lights .
()
boundless [bandls] adj , ; syn.

endless, infinite, interminable, li


mitless, measureless, unbounded,
unconfined, unending, unlimited
bound to [band t] adj ;
bounteous [bantis] adj 1. ( ); 2. ,
( )
bountiful [bantif()l] = bounteous
bounty [banti] n ; syn.
assistance, beneficence, bonus, do
nation, generosity, gift, grant gra
tuity, kindness, premium, present,
reward
bouquet [bkei] n ( ,
); , ; syn. aro
ma, bunch, fragrance, odour, per
fume, savour, scent, smell, spray
bourbon [b:bn] n . 1. ; 2. (
; . whisky)
bourdon [bdn] n ;

bourgeois [b w] . I n ; II adj
bourgeoisie [ b wz ] n
bourn1 [bn] n
bourn2 [bn] n 1. ; 2. ;
3. . ,
bourne [bn] n
bourride [br d] n
bourse [bs] n
bourtree [btr ] n
bouse [baz] n
bout [bat] n 1. , ; ;

, ; this
; 2. ( ); with
the gloves ; 3. (, ); 4.
boutique [bt k] n
boutiquier [ btikjei] n

bovarism [bvrizm] n
bovine [bvain] adj 1. . , ; 2. . , ;
117











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bow












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bracing

bow1 [ba] I v 1. , ;
syn. bend; 2. ; syn.

bowline [blin] n . ;

curtsey; to one's thanks


; 3. ; syn. capitulate, comply,
conquer, consent, give in, incline,
nod, subdue, submit, surrender,
yield; 4. ; II n
; syn. acknowledgement,
bending, inclination, nod, salu
tation
bow2 [b] n 1. ; 2. , ; 3. ; 4. ; 5. ;
6. . ; 7. .
bow3 [ba] n ()
bowdrill [bdril] n

bowel [bal] n 1. . ;
2. ; 3. ; 4. ; to have no s

bower1 [ba] n 1. ; 2. . ; 3. .
bower2 [ba] n .
(. anchor); best
(); small
()
bower3 [ba] n
( . ); left

boweranchor [ba k] = bower2
bowery [bari] adj
, ;
bowie knife [binaif] n .
bowl1 [bl] n 1. , ; the
, ; syn. basin, dish,
vessel; 2. ; 3. ( ); 4. .
bowl2 [bl] I n 1. ; 2. . , ; 3. pl ; II v
1. ; ing alley ; 2. (, );
; along , ; off ; out

bowlegged [ blegid] adj
bowler [bl] n ()
bowlful [blfl] n

bowling [bli] n ,

118

bowling alley [bli li] n 1. =


bowling green; 2.
bowling green [bligr n] n

bowman1 [bmn] n (
),

bowman2 [bmn] n . ( )

bowser [baz] n
bowshot [bt] n

bowstring [bstri] n
bow tie [ btai] n 
bow window [bawinda] n .
,

box1 [bks] I n 1. , ,
; syn. carton, case, chest,
coffer, container, pack, package,
trunk; 2. . ; 3.
(. ); 4. . ;
; ();
II v 1. ,
; syn. case, encase, pack,
package; 2. ()
; off ; up ,

box2 [bks] I n 1. ; on the ear


; syn. blow, cuff, punch,
slap, stroke, thump, wham; 2. ;
II v 1. ; 2.
boxcar [bks k] n .

boxer [bks] n 1. . ;
2. ( )
boxful [bksfl] n
boxhead [bks hed] n

boxholder [bks hld] n


boxing [bksi] n ; syn.
fisticuffs, prizefighting, pugilism
Boxingday [bksi dei] n
(
, . )

boxkeeper [bks k p] n - 


boxman [bksmn] n 

box office [bks fis] n (
)

box pleat [bks pl t] n
,


boxroom [bksrm] n
box seat [bks s t] n 1. 

; 2.

boxy [bksi] adj

boy [bi] n 1. ; ; :
; ; ; ()
my , old , ; syn. 
fellow, junior, kid, lad, stripling,
youngster, youth; 2. ( (r)
); 3. . ;
4. (the ) .
boycott [bi kt] I v ; II n
boyfriend [bi frend] n
boyhood [bihd] n
boyish [bii] adj ;
;
boyishness [biins] n
boysenberry [biznbri] n ( )
bra [br] n .
brabble [brb()l] I v ,
 ; II n ,
brace [breis] I n 1. ; ,
,
;
;
2. (. ); they are
a ; 3. ; 4. . ;
5. pl ; 6. . ; 7. . ; II v 1. ,
; , ; ; 2.
(); to one's energies
; up
bracelet [breislt] n
bracer [breis] n 1. ,
, ; 2. ; 3.
bracing [breisi] I adj ,
( air); syn. brisk,
energetic, exhilarating, fresh, re











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freshing, reviving, stimulating,


strengthening, tonic; II n , ; ; ;
brack1 [brk] n
brack2 [brk] . I n ,
(); II v ,
bracken [brkn] n 

bracket [brkit] I n 1. ;
2. , ; ,
3. . ( ); II v
1. ; 2. , ,
; don't me with him

brackish [brki] adj 1. ( ); 2. (
)
brad [brd] n ,

bradawl [brdl] n
brae [brei] n . ;
brag [brg] I v ; II n
1. ; 2. ; III adj
1. . , , ; 2. . ; 3. .
,

braggadocio [ brgdi] n
1. ; 2.
braggart [brgt] I n ;
II adj
braggery [brgri] n
bragget [brgit] n
brahmin [brmin] n
braid [breid] I v 1. ; syn. in
terlace, interweave, plait, twist,
weave, wind; 2. , ; 3. (); ;
4. . , (); II n 1. ; ; ; 2. ()
braille [breil] n 1.
( ); 2.
( )

brand
brain [brein] n 1. ; disease of
the ; syn. cere
brum; 2. ; ; syn. intel
lect, mind; pl .
; to beat one's s ; to
turn one's 

brainchild [brein aild] n


brainfag [breinfg] n
brainfever [brein f v] n 1. ; 2. ,
brainless [breinls] adj ,

brainpan [breinpn] n . ,
brainpower [brein pa] n
brainsick [breinsik] adj ,
brainstorm [breinstm] n .
. ;

brainstormer [brein stm] n


braintunic [brein tjnik] n
brainwash [breinw] v .
brainwave [breinweiv] n
brainwork [breinw:k] n
brainy [breini] adj ,
, ; ;
syn. bright, clever, intelligent,
smart
braird [bred] I n ,
; II v ( , )
braise [breiz] I v ,
(); II n
brake1 [breik] I n (. .); syn. constraint, drag, re
straint, restriction; II v ;
syn. check, drag, halt, pull up,
slow, stop
brake2 [breik] I n ;
II v ()


brake3 [breik] n ,
brakeband [breikbnd] n . -



brake light [breiklait] n



brake(s)man [breiksmn] n 1. -
; 2. . -

brake van [breikvn] n 



braky [breiki] adj 

:
braless [brlis] adv - ()


bramble [brmb()l] n .
(r)
bran [brn] n
brancard [brkd] n

branch [brn] I n 1. ; ;
timber , ; syn. arm,
bough, offshoot, wing; 2. ;
. ; 3. , ; office ; syn.
department, division, section,
subdivision; 4. ();
5. (); ; 6.
( ); 7. (); 8. . , ;
pipe ; II v
; ; ,
branchless [brnls] adv 1.
; 2. ( , . .)
branchy [brni] adj 1. ;
2.
brand [brnd] I n 1. ; ; 2. ;
3. ; ; , ; 4. . , ; 5. , ; of the best
; syn. brand
name, emblem, kind, label, make,
quality, sign, sort, stamp, sym
bol, trademark, type; II v 1. ; it is ed on my
memory ; 2. . , ; syn. burn, censure, de
119











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brander












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:
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(r)

nounce, discredit, label, mark, stain,


stamp
brander [brnd] n
brandish [brndi] v , (, )
brandnew [ brndnj] adj ; "; syn.
fire-new, fresh
brandy [brndi] n ,
brankursine [brk:sin] n
brash [br] adj , ; syn. audacious, bold, forward,
hasty, impertinent, impudent, impulsive, insolent, rash, rude
brashy [bri] adj
braslip [brslip] n
brasque [brsk] n
brass [brs] n 1. ,
; red ; 2.
, "; 3.
; 4. . ; 5. . ; 6. . ;  I don't care a far
thing , ;
to come ( get down) to (the)
tacks ;
to part tags (with) . .

brassbound [brsband] adj


brasserie [brsri] n

brass hat [ brsht] n . .
;
brassie [brsi] n

brassiere [brzi] n ,

brassware [brswe] n

brass works [brrsw:ks] n


brassy [brsi] I adj 1. ,
; 2. ( ); 3. ; II n
( )
brat [brt] n . ; ;
120

breadknife
brattice [brtis] n . , ;
( );

brattle [brt()l] . . I n
; ; II v ;
bratty [brti] adj
bravado [brwd] n (pl oes,
os) , , ; syn. boast, boasting,
pretence, show, showing off
brave [breiv] I adj 1. ,
; syn. bold, courageous, daring, fearless, heroic, indomitable,
intrepid, resolute, valiant; 2. , ; 3. ; II v 1.
( . .); syn. challenge, confront, encounter, face, stand
up to, suffer, withstand; 2. ; ; to it out

bravery [breivri] n , ; syn. boldness, courage, fearlessness, guts, heroism, resolution,
spirit, valour
bravo [brv] int !
bravura [brvjr] n
brawl [brl] I n 1. ;
; syn. argument,
battle, clash, disorder, dispute, quarrel, row, squabble; 2. ; II v
1. , ; syn. argue,
dispute, quarrel, row, squabble, tussle;
2.
brawler [brl] n ;

brawn [brn] n 1. ; ; 2.

brawny [brni] adj , ; syn. athletic, bulky, fleshy,


hardy, hefty, muscular, powerful, solid,
strong, sturdy, vigorous, well-built
bray1 [brei] v
bray2 [brei] I n 1. ; 2. , ; II v
1. ( ); 2.

braze1 [breiz] v 1. 
; 2. -



braze2 [breiz] v

brazen [breiz()n] I adj 1. - 
, ; 2. ;
syn.
barefaced, bold, forward,
immodest, impudent, insolent,
shameless, unashamed; II v - 



(out)

brazenfaced [breiznfeist] adj - :
,
()

brazier1 [breizi] n

brazier2 [breizi] n
Brazilian [brzilin] I adj - (r)
; II n

brazil nut [brzilnt] n - 

( )

brazing [breizi] n



breach [br ] I n 1. , - 
; ; syn. break,
cleft, crack, crevice, gap, hole, open-
ing; 2. (); syn.
disagreement, parting, separation, 

split; 3. (, 
); of faith ; 
of the peace - :
; of promise ()
(. - 
); of justice -
(r)
; syn. infringement,
trespass, violation; 4. ;
without a of continuity ; II v ,

breachy [br i] adj


bread [bred] n ; loaf of , ; daily ., .
; be on and wa
ter ; and
circuses ; syn. diet,
food, necessities, nourishment, nutriment, provisions
breadbasket [bred bskit] n
bread bin [bredbin] n
breadknife [brednaif] n











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breadline [bred lain] n 1.



; 2.
breadstuff [bredstf] n
breadstuffs [bredstfs] n pl 1. ; 2.
breadth [bred] n 1. ; to a
hair's , ; syn.
amplitude, area, broadness, extensiveness, extent, latitude, range, scale,
scope, size, spread, vastness, wideness,
width; 2. ; 3.
,
breadthways [bredweiz] adv

breadthwise [bredwaiz] = breadth


ways
breadwinner [bred win] n 1. (); 2.
break [breik] I v (broke; broken)
1. (), ();
(); ; syn.
crack, demolish, destroy, fracture,
ruin, separate, smash, splinter; 2. (); syn. breach, disobey, violate; 3.
(); (,
); 4. ();
5. (, , . .); 6. . , (); 7. (); 8. ( 
); 9. ();
();
10.
;
11. ( ); 12. ; 13. ();
14. . , ; . .: down (); ( );
; ;
, ( ); ( ); , , ;
forth ; ; to
forth into tears ;
in ; ; (); ;
(); into ; (, -

breast
); loose ; off ; ,
; to off ac
tion (combat, the fight) .
; out ;
( , ,
. .); through ; up ( );
( ); ; ;
( ); with 
;  to the back of, to
the neck of ; to ground
, ; .
; to jail ;
to a lance with .
" ; to the news
() ; to someone of
something , (  ); II n 1. ; ;
syn. breach, crack, gap, fracture,
opening, split, tear; 2. ;
3. ; ; syn. holiday, intermission, interruption, interval,
pause; 4. ; by the of day
; 5. . ; 6. . . ; 7. . ; ; to make a bad
, ;
; 8. .
; 9. . ;
10. . 
breakable [breikb()l] I adj , ; syn. delicate, flimsy,
fragile, frail; II n pl ( . .)
breakables [breikb()lz] n
breakage [breiki] n 1. ; ; ; 2.
; 3. . (, ); ()
breakaway [breikwei] n

breakdown [breikdan] n 1. - 
, ; nerv
ous ; 

2. , ; 3. . 
, ; ; 
gang ; syn.
collapse, disintegration, failure, stop-
page; 4. . ; 5. ,
; 6. 

( ), ; 
; ;

; 7. ; 8. - :
; 9. . ()
breaker [breik] n ; - 

;
(r)
breakfast [brekfst] n
breakin [breik in] n (
)

breaking [breiki] n 1. , ; 2. ; 3. . ; 4. ; 5. .
; 6. . ;
7. . ; 8.
;  capacity . ; of Septem
ber ; test

breakneck [breiknek] adj ; at pace
breakover [breik v] n
break point [breikpint] n
breakthrough
[breikr]
n
1. , ;
 ;
2. . ; syn. advance, development, gain, headway, improvement, progress
breakup [breikp] n 1. ; ; ; syn. breakdown, disintegration, parting, separation; 2. ( )
breakwater [breik wt] n ,
bream1 [br m] n
bream2 [br m] v
breast [brest] I n 1. ; syn. bosom, bust, chest; 2. ;
121











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brew

3. . , ; to make

breather [br ] n ; -

a clean of it
; II v
;
breastbone [brest bn] n
;
breastpin [brestpin] n

breastplate [brest pleit] n 1. ; ; 2.


breastwork [brestw:k] n 1. .
; 2. .
breath [bre] n , ;
draw ; lose one's ; take ;
take a deep
; take s.o.'s away ; with
bated ; get a
of air ; syn. air, aroma, breathing,
breeze, energy, existence, gasp, inhalation, life, odour, respiration, sigh,
smell, spirit
breathability [ br bilti] n
breathable [br b()l] adj
breathalyser [brelaiz] n 
breathe [br ] v 1. ; to
again, to freely ; to one's last
, ; syn.
exhale, express, inhale, respire;
2. , ; syn. live;
a better fellow does not
; 3. ,
; 4. ;
5. ;
6. ( ); 7. (); syn. articulate; not to
a word ; to
new life into
( , );
to upon ; to
a vein

; it's time for a


breathing [br i] n 1. ;
mask ; 2. ; 3. .
breathing space [br ispeis] n

breathless [brels] adj 1. .


; attention ; 2. ; ; syn.
exhausted; 3.
;
( ,
. .)
breathy [brei] adj
bred [bred] I past p. p. breed;
II adj ; , ; in the bone
; country

breech [br ] n 1. .
(; . end); 2. pl
, ; breeches part
, ; to wear the breeches .
( );

breechblock [br blk] n .


breechcloth [br kl] n
breeches [br iz] n
breechsight [br sait] n .

breed [br d] I v 1. ; ; syn. bring up, create,


foster, multiply, nourish, nurture,
produce, raise, reproduce; 2. ( ); 3. ; ; syn. educate,
train; 4. ; ;
5. . ; ; to
true ; II n , ;
syn. family, kind, line, lineage, pedigree, race, species, type
breeder [br d] n 1. ; cattle ; 2. .

122



breeding [br di] n 1.
(); syn. raising, reproduction, upbringing; 2. , ; syn. background, culture, education, manners,
politeness; 3. .

breen [br n] n e
breeze1 [br z] I n 1. , ; . ; 2. .
, , ; 3. .
; ; II v 1. . ; 2. , ; syn.
air, breath, waft, wind
breeze2 [br z] n ,
breeze3 [br z] n
;
breezeway [br zwei] n
breezy [br zi] adj 1. , ; syn. airy, blowing, fresh,
windy; 2. , ; syn.
bright, carefree, cheerful, easygoing,
lively, vivacious
brethren [brern] n (pl broth
er) . ;
Breton [bretn] n
breve [br v] n

brevet [brevit] I n 1. ;
; 2. .
; 3. .
; II v


breviary [br viri] n 1. . ; 2. ;
,
brevier [brvi] n .
brevity [brevti] n ; syn.
abruptness, briefness, conciseness,
curtness, shortness
brew [br] v 1. (); syn.
contrive, cook, develop, devise,
ferment; 2. , -











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(r)

(); ();
syn. mix; 3. (
. .); syn. develop, devise,
plan, plot, prepare, project, scheme,
stew; 4. , ;
a storm is ing
brewage [bri] n
brewer [br] n
brewery [brri] n

brewing [bri] n
bribability [ braibbilti] n
bribable [braibb()l] adj ,
bribe [braib] I n , ;
syn. hush money, incentive, protection money; II v ; ,
; syn. buy off, buy
over, corrupt
bribeless [braiblis] adj
briber [braib] n , ,
bribery [braibri] n ; syn. corruption, palm-greasing,
protection
bribetaker [braib teik] n ;
bricabrac [brikbrk] n ;
brick [brik] I n 1. ; ;
2. ( . .); box of
s ; 3. . , ; to drop a
; II v
; ,
; to in (
up)

;
III adj ; to run one's
head against a wall . ,

brickbat [brik bt] n 1.


; 2. ;
bricken [brikn] adj
bricket [brikit] n
brickfield [brikf ld] n

brigade
brickfielder [brik f ld] n

brickkiln [brikkiln] n

bricklaying [brik leii] n

brickwork [brikw:k] n

bricky [briki] n
brickyard [brikjd] n

bricole [brikl] n

bridal [braid()l] I adj ;

II n ,

bride [braid] n ; ; the Bride of the Sea ",


bridecake [braidkeik] n

bridegroom [braidgrm] n ;

bridesmaid [braimeid] n
bridesman [braimn] n
( )
bridge1 [bri] I n 1. ; ;
; gold ( silver)
. ; syn. bond, connection,
link, overpass, pontoon bridge, tie;
2. . ; 3. ;
4. (,
. .); 5. . , ; II v 1.
; ,
; ; to a gap , ; syn. connect, cross, join, link, unite; 2. .
, ; to over
the difficulties
bridge2 [bri] n (
)
bridgeboard [bribd] n
bridgebuilder [bri bild] n
bridgehead [brihed] n .
() ; -

;
bridle [braid()l] I n , ;
to give a horse the ; .
; II v 1. ;
2. , ; up
; syn. control, curb,
moderate, restrain, subdue
bridlerein [braid()lrein] n
brief [br f] I adj , , ; in ,
;
syn. abrupt,
compressed, concise, curt, laconic,
limited, momentary, passing, quick,
short, swift; II n 1. , ;
syn. advice, briefing, case, directions,
orders, outline, summary; 2. . ,
; to have plenty of
s ( ); to take a
; to throw
down one's ; III v 1. ,
; 2. ()
; 3. (
); syn. advise, direct, explain,
inform, instruct
briefcase [br f keis] n
briefless [br fls] adj
( )
briefly [br fli] adv ,
briefness [br fns] n ,

briefs [br fs] n


brier1 [brai] n 1. ; 2. ,
brier2 [brai] n
briery [brairi] adj
brig [brig] n 1. ,
; 2. .
brigade [brigeid] n ; fire
; syn. band,
company, corps, crew, group, team
123











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brigadier












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:
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(r)

brigadier [ brigdi] n . 1. ; 2.
brigand [brignd] n ,

brigandage [brigndi] n ,

bright [brait] I adj 1. , ; colours ; syn.


gleaming, glistening, glorious, shining;
2. ; 3. ( );
4. ; ( ); 5. ; 6. , , , ; syn. acute, brainy, intelligent, quick-witted, smart; 7. ;
to look on the side ; syn.
cheerful, happy, joyful, lively, merry,
vivacious; II adv ,
brighten [brait()n] v 1. ;
(. ); ; syn. burnish, clear up,
gladden, glow, lighten, polish, shine;
2. ; 3.
( . .)
brightness [braitns] n
. .
Bright's disease [ braidiz z] n ,
brightwork [braitw:k] n

brilliance, brilliancy [briljns, -si]


n 1. , ; syn. brightness; 2. , ; syn.
magnificence, splendour

brilliant [briljnt] I adj 1. , ; syn. blazing,


bright, glorious, lustre, magnificent,
radiance, shining, sparkling, splendid;
2. , ; II n
1. ; 2. (
4 )
brilliantine [brilint n] n
brim [brim] I n 1. ; syn. border,
brink, edge, margin, rim, verge; 2. (); II v ()
; to over (. .)
124

broad
brimful [ brimfl] adj

brimmer [brim] n ,

brimmy [brimi] adj


brimstone [brimstn] n .
brindled [brind()ld] adj ,
,

brine [brain] n
bring [bri] v (brought) 1. ; , , ; syn. accompany, bear, carry,
deliver, fetch, lead, take, transfer,
transport; 2. , ; (to); to to a
fixed proportion ; 3. , ; . .:
about ; ;
back ; .
; down (); (); (); ; to down
fire . ,
; to down the house ; forth , ;
forward (); ; in ;
(); (); to in guilty
; int
to into action ; to
into being ; to
into play ;
to into step ;
off ;
brinish [braini] adj
brink [brik] n 1. (,
); on the of the grave
(of ruin) ( ); syn. border, boundary, brim, edge, extremity, limit, rim,
verge; 2. (. , )
brinkman [brikmn] n
brinkmanship [brikmnip] n

briny [braini] adj


brio [br ] n
brioche [br ] n
briquette [briket] n
brisance [brizns] n

brisk [brisk] adj ( ); ( ); syn. bracing, bright, fresh, refreshing


brisket [briskit] n
bristle [bris()l] I n ; to set
up one's s , (); syn. hair, whisker; II v
1. , ; 2. ; ; to
with difficulties

bristly [brisli] adj ;


; ; syn. bearded,
hairy, rough, thorny, unshaven,
whiskered
Bristol board [bristlbd] n
brit [brit] n
Britain [brit()n] n , 
, Great
Britannic [britnik] adj (
: His Majesty)
britches [briiz] n
briticism [briti siz()m] n ; , ,

British [briti] I adj ,


; warm ; II n (the )
(. pl)
Briton [britn] n , ; North
brittle [brit()l] adj , ; syn. breakable, crisp, crum
bling, delicate, fragile, frail
brittleness [brit()lns] n
broach [br] v , ;
a subject
broad [brd] adj 1. ; syn.
comprehensive, extensive, general,
large, roomy, spacious, universal, un-











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broadarrow












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(r)

limited, vast, wide, widespread; 2. ; 3. , ,


; 4. (); in
daylight ; hint
; 5. ,
; 6. ,
broadarrow [ brdr] n
broadaxe [brdks] n
broadbill [brdbil] n
broadbrim [brdbrim] n
broadbrow [brdbra] n

broadcast [brdkst] I n 1. ; TV , ; 2. ; ; II adj


; III v 1. ; ; ; 2. ; syn. cable, circulate,
show, televise; 3. ;
syn. circulate, publish; 4. ( . .)
broadcaster [brdkst] n
broadcasting [brdksti] n , ;
broadcloth [brdkl] n ;

broaden [brd()n] v (); syn. branch out, develop,


enlarge, expand, extend, increase,
spread, widen
broadgauge
[brdgei] adj
1. .. ; 2. ;
broadleaf [brdl f] n
broadly [brdli] adv .;
speaking ;
broadminded [ brdmaindid] adj
, ; ; ; syn. flexible, freethinking,
liberal, open-minded, unprejudiced
broadness [brdnis] n

bronze
broadsheet [brd t] n

; ;
broadside [brd said] n . ()
broadsword [brdsd] n
Broadway [brd wei] n
( -)
broadways [brdweiz] adv ,
,
broadwise [brdwaiz] = broad
ways
brocade [brkeid] n
brocaded [brkeidid] adj
brocard [brkd] n

brocatelle [ brktel] n
broccoli [brkli] n
brochure [br] n
brock [brk] n
brodkin [brdkin] n
brogue [brg] n
brogue1 [brg] n
brogue2 [brg] n , .
broidery [bridri] . = embroi
dery
broil [bril] I n 1. ; 2.
; II v 1. () ;
2. . ; 3. ,
broiler1 [bril] n ,

broiler2 [bril] n

brokage [brki] n
broke [brk] I past break;
II . p. p. break; III adj .
; ; syn.
bankrupt, impoverished, insolvent, ruined
broken [brkn] I p. p. break;
II adj 1. ; stone ; spirits ; syn. defective, demolished, destroyed, fractured,
out of order; 2. ; 3. , ; 4. ( ); 5.

( , ); bread, meat
, ; syn. disconnected, disjointed, erratic, fragmentary, interrupted, stammering
brokendown [ brkndan] adj
1. ( , ); 2. ; 3. ; syn. collapsed, dilapidated,
ruined
brokenhearted [ brknhtid] adj
;
brokenly [brknli] adv 1. ; 2. ;
broker [brk] n 1. ,
; 2. ; 3. ;
4. ,

brokerage [brkri] n 1. ; 2.

bromide [brmaid] n 1. . , ; 2. pl
; 3. , ; 4. , ,
bromidic [brmidik] adj
bromine [brm n] n .
bromism [brmiz()m] n
bromoil [brmil] n











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:
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(r)

bronchi, bronchia [brkai,brki] 

n pl .

bronchial [brkil] adj - 


bronchiectasis [ brkiektsis] n 


bronchitis [brkaitis] n

broncho [brk] = bronco

bronco [brk] n (pl os) .



brontograph [brntgrf] n - 

:
brontology [brntli] n - ()


bronze [brnz] I n 1. ; 2. -
(r)
; II adj -

125

bronzen












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:
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(r)

; syn. copper, reddish-brown,


tan; III v 1. ; 2.
bronzen [brnzn] adv
bronzy [brnzi] adj
broo [br] n
brooch [br] n ; syn.
badge, clip, pin
brood [brd] I n 1. ; . ; ; 2. , ;
II v 1. ; 2. (. ); ( , ); 3.
( , . .); 4. ( )
brooder [brd] n 1. ,
(. ); 2. ( , )
broodhen [brdhen] n ,

broodmare [brdme] n ,
broody [brdi] I n , ;
II adj 1.
( ); 2. ;
brook1 [brk] v ,
( . ); the mat
ter s no delay ; syn. channel, rivulet,
stream
brook2 [brk] n
brooklet [brklit] n
brooklime [brklaim] n . 
broom [brm] I n 1. . ;
2. , ; syn. brush, sweeper; II v
broomstick [brmstik] n
broth [br] n , , , ; a of a boy
. ,
brothel [br()l] n
,
brother [br] n 1. ; german
; s uterine ; half
126

brush
; syn. relation, relative; 2. , ; ; in arms
; syn. associate,
colleague, companion, fellow, friend,
partner
brotherhood [brhd] n ; ,
brotherinlaw [brrin l] n (pl
brothersinlaw) , ,
,
brotherly [brli] I adj ;
II adv 
brotherwort [brw:t] n
brougham [brm] n 1. ,
; 2. . (
)
brought [brt] past p. p.
bring
brow [bra] n 1. ; to knit the
s
,
;
2. . , ; 3. . ; 4. ( . .);
5. (); ,

browbeat [brab t] v ,
; syn. awe, domineer,
hound, intimidate, oppress, threaten,
tyrannise
brown [bran] I adj 1. ;
; bread ; coal ,
; paper
; powder
; study () , ; sugar ,
; ware
; syn. browned,
brunette, chestnut, chocolate, coffee,
dark, hazel, sunburnt, tan, tanned,
toasted; 2. , ;
3. . , ;
II n 1. ; 2. .
; III v 1. () ,
; ; 2. ()
brownie1 [brani] n
brownie2 [brani] n
browning [brani] n

brownish [brani] adj - 

brownout [branat] n 



brownshirt [bran:t] n

brownstone [branstn] n -

brownware [branwe] n
browny [brani] adj 
browse [braz] v ; 



browser [braz] n . , :

()

bruchid [brkid] n
bruise [brz] I n , -
; ; ; syn. blemish, (r)
contusion, injury, mark, swelling; II v

1. ; , 
; 2. ;  to along



bruiser [brz] n 1. - 
, ; 2. 

bruit [brt] I n , ; II v
; it is ed about
( abroad) that... , 

...

brumal [brml] adj

brumby [brmbi] n :

()
brume [brm] n . , 

; ;
(r)
brumous [brms] adj ,

brunch [brn] n
brunette [brnet] n
brunt [brnt] n 1. ,
; to bear the
(); 2.
brush [br] I n 1. ; clothes
; syn. broom,
sweeper; 2. ; .
;
3. (.
); 4. ; 5. ; II v 1. ; syn.
burnish, clean, polish, rub, sweep;
2. (); away
; ; by











:
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(r)

brushstroke












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(r)

brushstroke [brstrk] n
brushup [brp] n
brushwood [brwd] n 1. ,
; 2. ,
brushy1 [bri] adj 1.
; 2.
brushy2 [bri] adj ,

brusque [brsk] I adj , -

; II v 

brussels sprout [ brslz sprat] n



brut [brt] adj
brutal [brt()l] adj ,
brutality [brtlti] n ,

brutalize [brtlaiz] v 1.
; 2.
brute [brt] I adj 1. ; ; 2. ; 3. ; II n 1. ; 2. ,
; "; 3. (the ) .
brutish [brti] adj 1. ;
; ; 2.
bryony [braini] n
BSc [ b es s ] n (. Bachelor
of Science)
bub [bb] n
bubal [bjbl] n
bubble [bb()l] I n 1. ;
2.
( );
( ); glass . ;
II v 1. ; ;
; he d over with fun
; 2. .

bubblegum [bb()l gm] n


bubbler [bbl] n

bubbly [bbli] adj 1.


( ); 2. ( )
bubby [bbi] n

buff
bubonic [bjbnik] adj .

buccaneer [ bkni] I n ; II v

buccinator [bksineit] n

buck [bk] I n 1. (, , , ); 2. ; 3. . . ; to pass


the . ; II v
;
buckberry [bkbri] n

bucket [bkit] I n 1. ; ;
2. , (
. .); ; 3.
, ; to give the
; to kick the
. , ;
II v 1. ; 2.

bucketeer [ bkiti] n

bucketshop [bkip] n
,
buckeye [bkai] n 1. ; 2. . .

buckhorn [bkhn] n
()
buckie [bki] n
buckish [bki] adj ,

buckle [bk()l] I n 1. ;
2. . , , ;
3. , ();
II v 1. ; 2. .
; 3. ; (to;
down to); 4. () ( ); , ; up
buckler [bkl] I n 1. ; 2. ; 3. . , ; II v ;
bucko [bk] n
buckram [bkrm] I n 1. ;
; men in "

(Shakespeare) (
. .) ; 2. . ; II adj ,
"
buckshee [ bk ] adj
buckshot [bkt] n ,

buckskin [bkskin] n 1. ; 2. pl
buckstay [bkstei] n
buckthorn [bkn] n .
bucktooth [ bkt] n

buckwheat [bkw t] n
bucolic [bjklik] I adj 1. ; 2. . ; II n
1. ; 2. ; 3. .
bud [bd] I n 1. ; in ; to nip in the
. ,
; 2. ; 3. . ; II v 1.
, ; 2. .
; 3. . ; ding hopes
; 4. .
Buddhism [bdiz()m] n
Buddhist [bdist] n
buddhistic [bdistik] adj
buddle [bd()l] n
buddy [bdi] n . . ,
; seat
budge1 [b] v ,

budge2 [b] n
budgerigar [bri g] n
budget [bit] n ; of
news
budgetary [bitri] adj
budworm [bdw:m] n 
buff [bf] I n 1. ;
; 2. .
127











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buffer












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(r)

; in ,
"; to strip to the
; 3. ; II v 1.
( ); 2.
,
buffer [bf] n .. ; state
.
buffet1 [bfeit] I n (, .
.); I v 1. ; ; 2. (. )
buffet2 [bfeit] n 1. ( ); ( , ); 2. , ;
car ; luncheon
; syn. cafe, cafeteria,
snack-bar
bufflehead [bflhed] n
buffoon [bfn] I n , ; II adj ; III v ,
buffoonery [bfnri] n ;
buffwheel [bfw l] n
bug [bg] n 1. ; 2. . .
; ; 3. . ; 4. . .
, ; big , "; to go s .
.
bugaboo [bgb] n ,
bugbear [bgbe] = bugaboo
bugger [bg] I n 1. . ,
; 2. (.
. )
buggery [bgri] n .
buggy [bgi] n 1. ; 2. ; 3.
bughouse [bghas] . . I n
; II adj ;
bugle1 [bjg()l] I n
; ; ; call
; II v
bugle2 [bjg()l] n ;
bugle3 [bjg()l] n .

bugler [bjgl] n . ,

128

bull
buhl [bl] n "
( , . .)
buhr [b:] n
buhrstone [b:stn] n

build [bild] I v 1. , ; syn. base, constitute,


construct, fabricate, make, raise;
2. ; syn. establish, form,
found, originate; 3. ();
4. , (on);
into ,
; up ; , ; (); (, );
; ();
II n 1. ; ; ;
2.
builder [bild] n 1. ;
2. ; 3. ;
building [bildi] n 1. , ; , ;
syn. construction, edifice, house,
structure; 2. pl , ; 3. ;
lease
; society, .
and loan association 

built [bilt] past p. p. build;
I am not that way

builtin [ biltin] adj 1. ;


; wardrobe
; 2. , ();
bulb [blb] I n 1. ., . ; 2. ();
, ; 3. ; ; 4. ; 5. ;
II v ; up (
)
bulbaceous [blbeis] adj 1. ; ; 2. ;

bulbous [blbs] adj 1. - 


; ; 2. -



Bulgarian [blgerin] I n 1. 
; 2. ; II adj 

bulge [bl] I n 1. ; of
a curve ; syn. bump,
increase, lump, protuberance, rise, 
swelling; 2. . (); 

3. (. the) . . 
; to have the on :
; ()
4. . ; II v 1. - 
; ; -
; syn. bulb, enlarge, expand, (r)
protrude, swell; 2. (,
)
bulging [bli] adj 1. ,
; eyes ;
2. ,
bulimia [bjlimi] n
bulimy [bjlimi] n
bulk [blk] I n 1. ; ; ; syn.
amplitude, bigness, extent, immensity,
largeness, size, volume; 2. ;
; ;
syn.
mass, plurality,
weight; 3. (., );
4. ; (); to break
; to load in
; to sell in
; II v 1.
, ; 2. (); 3. , ;
bulker [blk] n
bulkhead [blk hed] n 1.
( ); ( );
2. ; ;
bulky [blki] adj 1. , ; 2. ,
bull1 [bl] I n 1. , (.
, ,
. ); a in a











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bull












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:
()


(r)

china shop ; 2. ,
;
3. (Bull) . (
); II v 1.
; 2. ; 3. . , , ; III adj .
bull2 [bl] n
bullace [blis] n
bullcalf [blkf] n 1. ;
2.
bulldog [bl dg] n ;
tenacity
bulldoze [bl dz] v 1.
; 2. . . ; ;
bulldozer [bl dz] n 1. ; 2.
bullet [blit] n ; syn. ball, missile, pellet, shot
bullethead [ blithed] n 1. ; 2. .

bulletin [bltin] n , ; syn. announcement, message,


report, statement
bulletin board [bltin bd] n -
bulletproof [blit prf] adj
bullfighter [bl fait] n
bullfinch [bl fin] n
bullfrog [bl frg] n 
bullhead [blhed] n
bullion [blin] n 1.
; 2.

bullionism [bljnizm] n

bullish [bli] adj
bullock [blk] n
bullpen [blpen] n
bull'seye [blzai] n 1.
() ); 2. ; 3. -

bunder
; 4. . ; 5.
bullshot [blt] n

bulltrout [bltrat] n . ,

bully1 [bli] I n 1. , ;
; 2. ; 3. ;
II v ; (.
)
bully2 [bli] adj . ,
bully3 [bli] n
bully boy [blibi] n
bullyrag [blirg] v . 1. ; 2. ,
bulrush [blr] n .
();
bulwark [blwk] n ,
bum [bm] I n 1. . ;
2. , , ;
II v , ;
bumbailiff [bmbeilif] n

bumblebee [bmb()lb ] n
bumbledom [bmb()ldm] n .
,

(
")
bumblepuppy [bmb()l ppi] n
( , )
bumboat [bmbt] n ,
bumf [bmf] n
bummaree [ bmr ] n
bummer [bm] n
bump [bmp] I n 1. ;
; syn. blow, collision,
crash, hit, impact, knock, thump;
2. ; ; syn. bulge,
lump, protuberance, swelling; 3. , ; II v 1. (); syn. bang, collide (with),
crash, hit, knock, move, remove,
shake, strike; 2. . . . ; off ., .  ; ;

III adv , ; to come 


on the floor

bumper [bmp] n 1. , ; 2. . .. ;


; 3. attr. ; harvest

bumpkin [bmpkin] n
,

bumptious [bmps] adj , ; ;


syn. arrogant, boastful, egotistic, impudent, over-confident, pompous,
self-important, showy
bumpy [bmpi] adj ,
( ); syn. bouncy,
jerky, rough, uneven
bun [bn] n 1.
; 2. , ()
buna [bjn] n
bunce [bns] n
bunch [bn] I n 1. , , ( );
; of keys ;
of grapes , ; of fives . , ;
syn. bouquet, bundle, cluster, collection, heap, mass, parcel, pile;
2. . , ; ;
3. . ; 4. .
(); II v 1. , ; syn. bundle;
2. () ; syn. assemble, collect, crowd, group, mass,
pack
bunchy [bni] adj 1. ;
2. ; 3.
; 4. .
bunco [bk] I n
; II v 1. ; 2.
buncombe [bkm] = bunkum
buncosteerer [bk stir] n .
. ,
bund [bnd] I n 1.
( ); 2. ;
( ); II v
,
bunder [hnd] n
129











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bundle












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:
()


(r)

bundle [bnd()l] I n 1. , ; ; syn. bunch, collection,


group, heap; 2. ; syn. bag, box,
packet, parcel; 3. . ; syn. pile; II v 1.
; ( ); syn. bind, fasten, tie; 2. , ; I d him off
, ;
3.
bunfight [bnfait] n
bung [b] I n 1. , ;
2. ; 3. ;
4. . , ; II v 1. (up); ; ed up
nose ( ); 2. ( )
bungalow [bgl] n , ,

bunghole [bhl] n

bungle [bg()l] I v , ; 
; II n 1. ;
2. ;
bungler [bgl] n , ";
bunion [bnjn] n

bunk1 [bk] I n ; II v . ;
bunk2 [bk] I n . ; II v
. , (. to do
a )
bunk3 [bk] . . = bunkum
bunk bed [bk bed] n
bunker [bk] n ( );
bunkerage [bkri] n
bunkie [bki] n
bunkum [bkm] n ; ; all that
talk is ; to talk
bunny [bni] = bun
bunt1 [bnt] n 1. . (); 2. ()
130

burgomaster
bunt2 [bnt] I v ; ;

; II n (, );
,
bunt3 [bnt] n . ( )
bunting1 [bnti] n 1.
; 2. . ; 3. .

bunting2 [bnti] n .
buoy [bi] I n , , ; ; II v 1. ; 2. ; 3. .
; 4. (,
. .); he was ed up by the news

buoyage [bii] n

buoyancy [binsi] n 1. ;
; 2. ,
; he lacks for
; 3. ( )
buoyant [bint] adj 1. ;
; syn. floatable, floating,
light; 2. , ; syn. bright, carefree, cheerful,
happy, joyful, lively; 3. .
bur [b:] n 1. , (); 2. , ; to stick
like a . ; 3. .

burberry [b:bri] n (")


burbot [b:bt] n
burden1 [b:d()n] I n 1. , ; ; syn. cargo, load,
weight; 2. ; syn. care, grievance, obligation, responsibility, sorrow, stress, trouble, worry; 3. .
(); 4. ; II v 1. ; syn. load,
overload; 2. ; syn. bother, oppress, strain, worry
burden2 [b:d()n] n 1. ;
2. ;

burdensome [b:d()ns()m] adj 

,
burdock [b:dk] n . 



bureau [bjr] n 1. , - 
; . ; syn. desk;
2. (. -
); , , ;
syn. agency, branch, departmen, 

office

bureaucracy [bjrkrsi] n 1. .

; 2.
:
bureaucrat [bjrkrt] n - ()


bureaucratese [bj rkrt z] n
(r)

bureaucratic [ bjrkrtik] adj

bureaux [bjrz] pl bureau


burette [bjret] n .
burgage [b:gi] n
burgee [b: ] n .

burgeon [b:()n] . I n -

; ; ; II v
, ;
burger [b:g]
burgess [b:is] n 1. ,
; 2. .

burgh [br] n . .

burgher [b:g] n . ,

burglar [b:gl] n ;
; syn. housebreaker, robber, thief
burglarious [bgleris] adj ,
burglarize [b:glraiz] v .
burglarproof [b:glprf] n
burglary [b:glri] n
; syn. breakin, robbery
burgle [b:gl] = burglarize
burgomaster [b:g mst] n
1. ( , -











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burgonet












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(r)

);
2. . ( )
burgonet [b:gnet] n

burgoo [b:g] n . .

Burgundian [b:gndin] n
burgundy [b:gndi] n

burial [beril] n ; syn.
burying, funeral
burialground [berilgrand] n

burialservice [beril s:vis] n


burin [bjrin] n ,

burl [b:l] n .
burlap [b:lp] n
burlesque [b:lesk] I n , ; . ; II v ; III adj
burletta [b:let] n

burly [b:li] adj 1. ,


; syn. athletic, big, heavy,
hefty, muscular, powerful, stocky,
stout, strong, well-built; 2.

Burmese [ b:m z] I adj ; II n 1. ;
2.
burn1 [b:n] n
burn2 [b:n] I v (burnt) 1. ,
; ; 2.
(); 3. . ;
4. ; 5. , ; 6. ( ); 7. ( ); 8. . ,
; to with fever
; . .:
away ; ; the sun
s away the mist ; down ;
; into ; the
spectacle of injustice burnt into
his soul -

bury
;
out ; ; up
; ;  to .
, ; to the candle at both ends
, ; to daylight ;
; to the midnight oil ; to
one's boats "; to one's fingers
; to the water ; to the wind, the
earth, ; his
money s a hole in his pocket
;
II n 1. ; 2. ; 3. ,

burner [b:n] n
burnet [b:nit] n
burning [b:ni] I n 1. ;
2. , ; ; 3. . ; II adj ;
; Burning bush . ; oil ;
; question
; scent .
; shame ; syn.
acute, ardent, eager, fervent, flaming,
flashing, gleaming, glowing, hot, significant
burningglass [b:nigls] n
burnish [b:ni] I v 1. , ();
(); 2. ; II n ,
burnisher [b:ni] n 1. ; 2.
burnous(e) [b:ns] n
burnout [b:nat] n
burnt [b:nt] I past p. p. burn;
II adj , , , ; gas ; offering .
; child dreads the

fire . =

burp [b:p] n
burr1 [b:] n , (
. .)
burr2 [b:] n 1. ; (
); 2. ;
3. ; 4. ,

burrito [br t] n e
burrow [br] I n 1. ; syn.
den, hole, lair, shelter, tunnel;
2. . , ;
; II v 1. , ;
; 2. ( , )
burry [b:ri] adj
bursar [b:s] n 1. (.
); 2.
( . )
bursary [b:sri] n 1.

(
);
2. ( . )
burse [b:s] n 1. . ; 2.
burst [b:st] I v 1. ; , ( ,
); (., , ); ; I am
simply ing to tell you

;
2. , , ; ; ;
syn. blow up, break, crack, erupt, explode, split, tear; II n 1. ; of
; syn. bang,
blast, blow-out, blow-up, break, eruption, explosion, outbreak, outburst,
split; 2. (); ; 3. (,
. .); 4. ; 5.
burster [b:st] n
bursting [b:sti] I n , ; ; charge =
burster; II adj
bury [beri] v 1. ,
; syn. entomb; to have
131











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buried one's relatives ,


; 2. ;
to one's face in one's hands ; to one's
hands in one's pockets
; to oneself in
books ; syn. conceal, cove, hide, lay to rest
bus [bs] (. omnibus au
tobus) I n 1. ; ;
2. . ;
; to miss the ; ( ); II v
,
busby [bzbi] n ,
( )
bush1 [b] I n 1. , ;
syn. brush, plant, shrub, thicket;
2. ,
( ); 3. ; 4. ; II v
1. ; 2. ; 3.

bush2 [b] I n 1. . , ; , ; 2. . ; II v
bushel1 [bl] n ( = 36,3 ); to hide
one's light under a . ;

bushel2 [bl] v . ,
busher [b] n
bushido [b d] n ( )
bushiness [bins] adj
Bushman [bmn] n 1.
( ); 2. ( )
bushranger [b rein] n . ,
bushwhacker [bwk] n 1. .
; 2. .
132

busy
( ); 3.
bushy [bi] adj 1. ; 2. ( ,
. .); ( . )
business1 [bizns] n 1. , ; the of the day, of the
meeting ; the
end , ; hours
; everybody's
is nobody's =

; on ; out of ; man of ;
, ; to mean
; 
; mind your own !
!; to send one about
his , ; what is
your here? ?;
syn. affair, issue, matter, problem,
question, subject; 2. ;
3. ;
syn. commerce, dealings, industry, merchandising, trade, trading;
4. , ;
to set up in
; syn. company, corporation, enterprise, firm, organisation;
5. () ; 6. ; ; to make it one's
; you
had no to do it
, ;
7. . , ; I am
sick of the whole
; 8. . , , , (
);  to do one's for one

business2 [bizns] n ;
businesslike [biznslaik] adj , ; air
businessman [biznismn] n

business manager [bizns mni] 


n ; -
, 



businesswoman [bizns wmn] n 

busk1 [bsk] v


busk2 [bsk] v 1. ; 

2. ; 3. , 


busker [bsk] n - :

()
buskin [bskin] n 1. ; 2. - 
. ; a to put on the s
(r)

busload [bsld] n

busman [bsmn] n

buss [bs] n
bus stop [bs stp] n

bust1 [bst] n 1. ; syn. bosom,


breast, chest, statue, statuette; 2.

bust2 [bst] I . n 1. ,
; 2. ;
3. ; II v 1. ;
2. ; ; 3. ,
bustard [bstd] n .
buster [bst] n . . 1.
; 2. ,

bustle [bs()l] I v 1. ();


to through a crowd ; 2. ; syn.
fuss, hasten, hurry, rush; II n , ; syn. activity, commotion,
excitement, fuss, haste, hurry, tumult;
III int !
bustling [bs()li] I adj , ; II n ,
bustup [bstp] n
busy [bizi] I adj 1. ; (at, in, with); syn. active,
employed, energetic, engaged, full, industrious, occupied, restless, stirring,











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tireless, working; 2. ; the


line is ( , ); 3. ;
4. , ;
idleness ; II v 1.  ; to one's brains
; syn. employ, engage; 2. ; syn. bother, concern
busybody [bizi bdi] n

busyness [bizinis] = business


but1 [bt] I adv , ; I saw
him a moment
; she is nine years old
9 ; just
; II prp , ; all one passenger were
drowned , ; the last one
; III conj 1. , ,
, ; fire is very
useful, it is dangerous
, ; 2.
() ; ; ; what
could he do confess?
, ?; he
would have fallen that I caught
him ,
; he would have fallen
for me ,
; IV pron ; there is no
one knows it ,
; there are few
men would risk all for such a
prize ,
;  then ; ; all ;
(he all died of his wound ); any
thing ,
(he is anything a coward
, );
I cannot ... ... (I can
not agree with you
)
but2 [bt] n, v .:
me no buts ",

buy
butch [b] n
butcher [b] I n 1. ;
2. , ; II v 1.
(); 2. ; 3.
butcherbird [bb:d] n .

butcherly [bli] adj ,


;

butchery [bri] n 1. ;
2. , ; 3. ( attr.: business)

butt1 [bt] n (
, )

butt2 [bt] n 1. ;
2. pl , ;
3. ,
butt3 [bt] n 1. 
; ; 2. . ;
3. .
butt4 [bt] I n 1. (, ); 2. , (); II v
1. ; 2. ;
3.
butter [bt] I n 1. ; 2. .
; II v 1. ;
he knows on which side his
bread is ed ;
2. ( up); fine (kind
soft) words no parsnips
. =

butterbean [btb n] n
butterbox [btbks] n
butterbur [btb:] n
buttercup [btkp] n .
butterdish [btdi] n
butterfat [btft] n

butterfingers [bt figz] n .

butterfly [btflai] n
butterfly screw [btflaiskr] n
. 
buttermilk [btmilk] n
butternut [btnt] n
( )
butterscotch [btsk] n
butterwort [btw:t] n

buttery [btri] I adj ; 


II n (

)

butteryhatch
[ btrih]
n

, 

butting [bti] n ,
butt joint [btint] n . ,



buttock [btk] n

button [bt()n] I n 1. ; 
2. ; switch :
; to press the - ()
; 3. ( 
); 4. ; II v
1. ; 2. - (r)
; to up one's
mouth .
buttonball [bt()nbl] n
buttonholder [bt()n hld] n

buttonhole [bt()nhl] I n 1. ; 2. ; ; II v 1. ;
2. ,

buttonhook [bt()nhk] n
,
buttress [btrs] I n 1. . ; , ; ;
2. . , ; II v
, ;
to up by argument

butty [bti] n 1. . ;
2. , ;
( )
butyric [bjtirik] adj .
buxom [bksm] adj ;
, ,
(. . ),
buy [bai] I v (bought) 1. ;
; syn. acquire, get,
obtain, purchase; 2. ;
.: in ;
( ); off ; out ; over
,
133











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; to over one's head 


; up ;
to a white horse . ; II n . ;
syn. bribe, corrupt
buyer [bai] n
buzz1 [bz] I v 1. ; ;
2. , ; 3. , ;
about , ; off
, ; II n 1. ; ; 2. .
buzz2 [bz] v ,
(, )
buzzard [bzd] n .
buzzer [bz] n .
by [bai] I prep 1. , , ;
; a house the river
; a path the river
; syn. along,
beside, near, next to, over, past,
through, via; 2. , ;
air mail ;
cousins blood ;
to know experience
; 3.
. . ; , :
a book written a famous author
,
; a comedy Shake
speare

;
4. : (
); ; tomorrow
; 5.
: ; metres ;
6. , ; your leave
;  chute,
gravity ; no means
; then
; the way ,
; II adv 1. ,
(the post is close ); syn. aside,
at hand, away, close, near; 2. ;
she passed me
;  and ;
and large . ,
; the by(e)

134

cabbalism
bybidder [bai bid] n

byblow [baibl] n 1.
; . ; 2.
bye [bai] n: to draw (to have) the
.
byebye1 [baibai] n . ;

byebye2 [baibai] . = good


bye
byelection [baii lek()n] n
Byelorussian [bi elr()n] I n
1. ; 2. ;
II adj
bygone [baign] I adj ;
II n pl ; ;
let bygones be bygones . =
,
bylaw [bail] n


byname [baineim] n
bypass [baips] I n 1. ; syn.
detour, ring road; 2. .
; 3. ; 4. .
; II v 1. ; syn. avoid,
ignore, neglect; 2. , ; 3. ; ; ;
4. . (
)
bypast [baipst] adj
bypath [baip] n
byplay [baiplei] n (
) ; ( )
byplot [baiplt] n

byproduct [bai prdkt] n ; syn. after-effect, consequence, result, side-effect
byroad [baird] = byway
bystander [bai stnd] n ; ; syn. eye-witness, looker-on, observer, passer-by,
watcher, witness
bystreet [baistr t] n ,


byte [bait] n
byway [baiwei] n ,



byword [bai w:d] n 1. ;

syn. catchword, motto, proverb, say- 
ing, slogan; 2. ;
( );
for iniquity -


bywork [baiw:k] n - 



Byzantine [bizntain] I adj - :
; II n
()
Byzantinesque [bi zntinesk] adj 

( )
(r)

C
C, c [si] n 1. 3 . ; 2. . ; 3. attr.: C3
, ( , ); .
; 3. abbr.: of Cel
sius [selsis]
Caaba [kb] . n K
cab [kb] (. cabriolet) n
; to take a ;

cabal [kbl] n
cabala [kbl] = cabbala
caballero [ kbljer] n
cabana [kbn] n
cabaret [kbrei] n 1.
; 2.
cabas [kb] n
cabbage [kbi] n

cabbage butterfly [ kbibtflai] n .


cabbagehead [kbihed] n 1. ; 2. .
cabbagerose [kbirz] n .
,
cabbala [kbl] n ()
cabbalism [kblizm] n











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cabbalistic [ kblistik]
adj
(); ,
cabby [kbi] n . 1. ;
2.
caber [keib] n
cabernet [ kbrnei] n
cabezone [kbzn] n
cabin [kbin] I n 1. ; syn.
cottage, hut, lodge, shack, shed;
2. , ; 3. ; ;
4. .. ; II v

cabin boy [kbinbi] n
cabined [kbind] I p. p. cabin;
II adj ,
cabinet [kbint] I n 1. ;
2. ; inner
; 3. , ,
; 4. ();
II adj ; council
; crisis ; Minister

cabinetmaker [kbint meik] n
1. -; 2. .
-
cabinetwork [kbintw:k] n
cable [keib()l] I n 1. ; syn.
chain, cord, line; 2. ,
; ; way ,
; to slip the . ; 3. (= 183 ,
. = 219; . 's length); 4. ; 5. . ;
II v 1.
; 2.
, ;
3.
cablecaster [keibl kst] n
cablegram [keiblgrm] = cable
cablese [ keibl z] n

cable television [ keibltelivi ()n]


n

cableway [keiblwei] n

Caesarean
cabling [keibli] n 1. ; 2. , (.,
); 3. .

cabman [kbmn] n
cabob [kbb] n
caboodle [kbd()l] n . .:
the whole ,
; ()

caboose [kbs] n 1. . ;
2. . ; ;

3. .
cabriolet [kbrilei] n

cabstand [kb stnd] n


,

cacao [kka] n 1. ;
2. ( )
cachaca [ks] n

cachalot [klt] n
cache [k] I n 1. , ;
3. , -

; II v
(
)
cachectic [kkektik] adj ,
cachet [kei] n 1. ; ; 2. .
cachexy [kkeksi] n . ,
,
cachinnation [ kkinei()n] n
cackle [kkl] n
cackler [kkl] n
cacography [kkgrfi] n
cacolet [ kklet] n
cacology [kkli] n

cacophony [kkfni] n
cactaceous [kkteis] adj .
;
cactus [kkts] n (pl es, cacti)

cad [kd] n , ,

cadastral [kdstrl] adj - 


cadastre [kdest] n

cadaver [kdivr] n

cadaverous
[kdvrs]
adj 
1. ; 2.

caddis1 [kdis] n 1. ; 2. -


caddis2 [kdis] n . 



caddis fly [kdisflai] n , :

()
caddish [kdi] adj , - 

1
caddy [kdi] n , (r)

caddy2 [kdi] n
cade1 [keid] n .
cade2 [keid] n
cadence [keidns] n 1. ; .
; 2. ;
; 3. . ;
cadency [keid()nsi] n 1.
( ); 2. .
cadge [k] v ;

cadgy [ki] adj
cadi [kdi] n (
, )
cadmium [kdmim] n .
cadre [kd] n (),

caduceus [kdjsis] n
caducity [kdjsti] n 1. ; 2.
caducous [kdjks] adj .
( )
caecum [s km] n (pl caeca)
.
Caesar [s z] n 1. . ;
2. ;
caesarean [sizerin] n
Caesarean [sizerin] adj .
section
135











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caesarism












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:
()


(r)

caesarism [s zriz()m] n

caesaropapism [ s zrpeipiz()m]
n

caesura [sizjr] n .
cafard [kfr] n
cafe [kfei] n 1. ; 2. .
cafeteria [ kftiri] n ,

caff [kf] n
caffeine [kf n] n .
caffre [kf] n
caftan [kftn] n 1. ;
2.
cage [kei] I n 1. ; syn.
aviary, coop, enclosure, pen; 2. ; . ;
3. . ( ); 4. ,
; 5. . (); II v , ;
syn. confine, imprison, lock up, shut up
cagey [keii] adj ,

cagoule [kgl] n
cahoot [kht] n
cailliach [kljk] n
caiman [keimn] = cayman
cainozoe [ keinzi] n
cairn [ken] n
(,  ); to add a stone
to one's 

cairngorm [ kengm] n . , 

caisson [ksn] n 1. . ;
2. . ; 3. .

cajole [kl] v , ;
cajolement
[klmnt]
n
1. ; 2. ,
( )
cajoler [kl] n
cajolery [klri] = cajolement
cake [keik] I n 1. , , ; ; s and ale ;
136

calender
to have one's baked , ; my is dough
, ; to take
the . ,
; ;
that takes the
; syn. loaf, pie, roll; 2. .
, (
); 3. ; , ; ; of soap
; II v , ; syn. congeal, dry, harden,
solidify, thicken
cakewalk [keikwk] n ()
calabar [ klb] = calaber
calabash [klb] n 1.
( ); 2.

calaber [ klb] n

calaboose [klbs] n . ,

calamitous [klmits] adj 1. ; syn. catastrophic, deadly,


disastrous, dreadful, fatal, ruinous,
tragic; 2.
calamity [klmti] n ;
howler ,  ;
; ; syn. adversity, catastrophe, disaster, distress, mischance,
misfortune, mishap, ruin, tragedy
calcareous [klkeris] adj ,
calceolaria [ klsileri] n .
,
calcic [klsik] adj
calcification [ klsifikei()n] n
1. ; 2. ,
;
calcify [klsifai] v ()
;
calcimine [klsimain] n ( )
calcinate [klsineit] = calcine
calcination [ klsinei()n] n .
; ,
,

calcine [klsain] v 1. ,
; 2.
; 3.
calciner [klsain] n

calcite [klsait] n
calcitrant [klsitrnt] adj

calcium [klsim] n .
calculable [klkj lb()l] adj
1. , ; 2.
calculate [klkj leit] v 1. ; ; ; syn. aim, compute, count, enumerate, estimate, figure, judge, plan,
rate, reckon, value; 2. ;
3. . . ,
calculated [klkj leitid] adj 1. ; 2. ; (for); 3.
calculating [klkjleiti] adj
1. ; 2.
calculation [ klkjlei()n] n
1. ; ; syn.
computation, estimate, result, sum;
2. ; 3.
calculative [klkjltiv] adj
calculator [klkjleit] n 1. , ; 2.
()
calculus [klkjls] n .
caldron [kldrn] = cauldron
calendar [klind] I n 1. ; ; 2. ;
3. ; ; ; ; 4. . , ; 5. .
; II v 1. , ; 2. ,
calendarian [ klinderin] n
calender1 [klind] I n . , , ;
II v , , ,
calender2 [klind] n











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(r)

calends [klendz] n pl ,
(
); on ( at) the greek
.
calendula [klendjl] n
calescent [klesnt] adj
calf1 [kf] n 1. (. , , , . .); golden
: 2. ,
(. calfskin); 3.
; (. .
. ); 4.
calf2 [kf] n ()
calfish [kfi] adj
calfknee [kfn ] n .

calfless [kfls] adj


calflove [kflv] n ;
calf's teeth [kfst ] n pl
caliber [klb] . = calibre
calibrate [klibreit] v ,
calibration [ klbrei()n] n ; ;

calibre [klib] n 1. , ; syn. diameter, measure, size;
2. . , , ; syn. ability, capacity, gifts,
quality, scope, stature, talent, worth
caliche [kl i] n
caliciform [klisifm] adj
calico [klik] n (pl os, oes)
1. , ; 2. .
calid [klid] adj
caliduct [klidkt] n
californian [ klifnin] n
calinda [klind] n
caliph [keilif] n ,
caliphate [klifeit] n
call [kl] I v 1. , ;
ing signal ();

callus
syn. cry, exclaim, shout; 2. ; , ; ; syn. christen, label, name,
term; 3. ; 4. ; ; 5. ; I this a good
house , ; . .: at ; ; away ; back ;
: down ;
; . ,
; , ;
for ;
(the situation ed for drastic
measures
; let
ters to be ed for ); forth ;
in ();
(
); ;
; to in question
; into: to
into being (existence play)
, ;
off ; (); on, upon , ; , ; (the chair
man ed on the next speaker

); out ; to out for training ; over
; to: to to
account ; ; to to atten
tion . ; to to mind (memory
remembrance) ; II n
1. , ; syn. cry, exclamation,
shout; 2. ; ; ;
; syn. announcement, appeal, claim, summons;
3. ; 4. ;
(,
. .); 5. ; ; ; 6. ,
; you have no
to blush ;

7. , ; 8. , 
; ()
, () - 

; to pay a ;

9. (, ); 
10. , ();
 at , ; on
, ; within


callable [klb()l] adj - 



callback [klbk] n
:
call box [klbks] n ()


callboy [klbi] n 1. -
; 2. . - (r)
,

callee [kl ] adj


caller1 [kl] n ;
calligraphy [kligrfi] n 1. ; ; 2.
calling [kli] n 1. ; ; syn. business, career, job,
mission, occupation, profession, vocation, work; 2.
callipers [klipz] n
callisthenic [ klisenik] adj
callisthenics [ kliseniks] n pl
, ; ,
callosity [klsti] n 1.
( ); ; 2. = callous
ness
callous [kls] adj 1. ,
; 2. . ; syn. cold, hardened, heartless,
insensitive, uncaring, unfeeling, unsympathetic
callousness [klsns] n ,

callow [kl] adj 1. ; 2. ( );


youth
callowness [klns] n
callus [kls] n 1. . (.
. ); 2. .
137











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calm [km] I adj 1. ; 2. ; ; ; syn. composed, cool, placid,


quiet, relaxed, self-possessed, unemotional, unmoved, unperturbed; II n
1. , ; 2. ,
; III v ;
; down (); syn. compose, pacify, relax,
soothe
calmative [klmtiv] I adj ; II n

calmness [kmns] n 1. ,
; 2. ,

calomel [klmel] n . ,
caloric [klrik] I n ; II adj

caloricity [ klrisiti] n
calorie [klri] n
calorific [ klrifik] adj ,
; capacity ; effect ( value)

calorification [k lrifikei()n] n

calorifics [ klrifiks] n pl
calorifier [klrifai] n
calorimeter [ klrimit] n .

calory [klri] = calorie


calumet [kljmet] n
( )
calumniate [klmnieit] v ; ;
calumniation [k lmniei()n] n
;
calumniator [klmnieit] n
calumniatory [klmnitri] adj

calumnious [klmnis] = calum


niatory
calumny [klmni] n ,
calurea [kljr ] n
138

campaign
calvados [klvds] n
Calvary [klvri] n 1. . ; 2. (calvary)

calve [kv] v
calver [kv] n
Calvinism [klv nizm] n

calvish [kvi] adj 1. ;


2.
calx [klks] n ,
calyces [keilis z] pl calyx
calypsonian [ klipsnin] n
"
calyx [keiliks] n (pl es, calyces)
1. .

();
2. .
cam [km] I n 1. . , ,
, ; ;

2. ; II v .
, ()

camalig [kmlig] n

camber [kmb] I n 1. ,
, ; 2. .
( ); 3. . (); of arch , ,
; II v ;

cambist [kmbist] n .
( )
cambium [kmbim] n .
ambodian [ kmbdin] I n ; II adj
cambrel [kmbrl] n
( )
Cambria [kmbri] n .
Cambrian [kmbrin] I adj 1. . ; 2. . ; II n
cambric [keimbrik] n
camcorder [km kd] n
came [keim] past come
camel [km()l] n ; Arabi
an , -

; Bactrian ,
camelback [kmlbk] n

camelcade [kmlkeid] n
cameleer [ kmili] n

cameline [kmlin] n

camellia [km li] n
camelry [kmlri] n .

cameo [kmi] n (pl os)


camera [km()r] n 1. ; 2. ;
3. . ; 4. .
; eye
.
cameraman [km()r mn] n
1. ; 2. ,
camerawork [kmrw:k] n
camerlengo [ kmleg] n
camisole [kmisl] n 1. ,
; 2. .
camlet [kmlt] n .
cammock [kmk] n
camomile [kmmail] n 1. ; 2. a: tea
camouflage [km fl ] . I n
1. . ; 2. . ; II v ,
. .
camp [kmp] I n 1. ; ;
; , ;
of instruction . ; 2. . , ( );
to take into ; II v 1. ; 2. 
;
out

campagnol [kmpnjl] n
campaign [kmpein] I n ;
; biography . , .
, -











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:
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(r)

campaigner












:
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:
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(r)

; syn. attack, battle, expedition,


movement, offensive, operation; II v
;
; syn. fight, promote, push
campaigner [kmpein] n
campaniform [kmpnifm] adj

campanile [ kmpn li] n . ( )


campanology [ kmpnli] n

campanula [kmpnjl] n .

camp bed [ kmpbed] n



camp chair [ kmpe] n

campcraft [kmpkrft] n

campcrafter [kmp krft] n


camper [kmp] n
campfever [kmp fv] n
campfire [kmp fai] n

camp follower [kmp fl] n


,
campground [kmpgrand] n
camphor [kmf] n
camphorated [kmfreitid] adj
; oil

camphoric [kmfrik] adj
camping [kmpi] n
campion [kmpin] n .
campo [kmp] n
camporee [ kmpr ] n
campsite [kmpsait] n ,
campus [kmps] n , ,
(, . .)
campy [kmpi] adj

candleend
camshaft [kmft] n . ,
camstone [kmstn] n
camwood [kmwd] n .
;
can1 [kn] v (could) 1. ; I can
; I will do all I can , ; I cannot but...
...; 2. ,
; you go ,
can2 [kn] I n 1. ; 2. ; syn. canister, container, jar, pail, tin; II v
1. (, ,
); 2. . .
( ), ; . .
; . . ()
Canaan [keinn] n . ,

Canadian [kneidin] I adj ; II n
canal [knl] n 1. (); 2. . ,
canaliculate [ knlikjleit] n

canalization [ knlaizei()n] n
: ;

canalize [knlaiz] v
;
canard [knd] n
canary [kneri] I n
(. bird); II adj 
canaster [knst] n (
)
cancan [knkn] n ()
cancel [kns()l] I v 1. ; 2. ; ;
to debts ; to
leave ; syn.
abolish, countermand, delete, eliminate, erase, nullify, revoke; 3. (); 4. .

; 5. ; II n 1. .
( ); 2. .

(); ;
3.
cancellated [knsleitid] adj ,
cancellation [ knslei()n] n ,
cancer [kns] n ., .
canceration [ knsrei()n] n
cancerology [ knsrli] n
cancerous [knsrs] adj .
cancroid [kkrid] I adj .,
. ; II n
cand [knd] n
candelabrum [ kndlbrm] n (pl
ra)
candent [kndnt] adj
candescence [kndesns] n
,
candescent [kndesnt] adj ; ,
candid [kndid] adj 1. ;
; ; syn.
blunt, clear, fair, forthright, frank, just,
open, outspoken, sincere, straightforward, truthful; 2.
candidacy [kndidsi] n
candidate [kndideit] n ;
syn. applicant, claimant, competitor,
nominee, pretender, suitor
candidature [kndid] = candi
dacy
candidness [kndidns] n
candied [kndid] adj 1. ; ; fruits,
peel ; 2. ,

candle [knd()l] n ; the


game is not worth the

candleend [knd()lend] n ; to save s
139











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(r)












:
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(r)

candlelight












:
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(r)












:
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(r)












:
()


(r)

candlelight [knd()l lait] n 1. ; 2.

candlepower [knd()l pa] n


. ( ); a burner
of 25
25
candlestick [knd()l stik] n
candlewick
[knd()lwik] n
1. ; 2. .
candock [kndk] n .

candour [knd] n 1. ,
; syn. directness, fairness,
frankness, honesty, openness, sincerity, straightforwardness, truthfulness;
2.
candy [kndi] I n ; .
, ; II v ; ()
candyfloss [kndi fls] n

cane [kein] I n 1. . ; ; 2. ; ; of wax


; 3. (. sugar); II v
1. ; 2.

canebrake [keinbreik] n

cane chair [keine] n

canescent [knesnt] adj
cane sugar [kein g] n ,
canicular [knikjl] adj: days
( )
canine [kei nain] I adj ;
appetite, hunger ; madness , ; II n (. tooth)
canister [knist] n ,
canker [kk] n .
cankerous [kkrs] adj 1. ; 2.
cankerworm [kkw:m] n .

140

cant
canna [kn] n
cannabis [knbis] n
cannabism [knbiz()m] n

canned [knd] adj ( ); goods ; music) . . ,



; up .
cannelloni [ knlni] n

cannery [knri] n
cannibal [knib()l] n ,

cannibalic [ kniblik] adj


cannibalish [knibli] adj
cannibalism [knib liz()m] n

cannibalistic [ kniblistik] adj

cannikin [knikin] n 1. ;
2.
canniness [knins] n
cannon1 [knn] n 1. , ; fodder . ; 2.
cannon2 [knn] I n
( ); II v 1.
(into, against, with); 2.

cannon bone [knnbn] n ( )


cannoneer [ knni] n ,

cannonry [knnri] n
cannonshot [knnt] n 1. ; ;
2.
cannot [knt]: I ; I
away with this

cannula [knjl] n
canny [kni] adj , ; syn. acute, artful, astute,
careful, clever, knowing, prudent,
shrewd, skilful, sly

canoe [kn] I n ; ; 
; to paddle one's own
; - 

; II v



canoeing [kni] n


canoeist [knist] n
canon [knn] n 1. ; - 

; syn. criterion, principle, reg
ulation, rule, standard; 2. 
; law :
; 3. . ; 4. ()
, - 

; 5. - (r)
; 6. . (
48 ); 7.
canoness [knnis] n
canonic [knnik] adj
canonical [knnik()l] I adj ; II n pl
canonicity [ knnisiti] n
canonist [knnist] n
( )
canonization [ knnaizei()n] n
;

canonize [knnaiz] v
canoodle [knd()l] v . ,
can opener [kn p()n] n
canopy [knpi] I n ; , ; ; (); of heaven .
; under the ; what
under the does he want?
?; II v
,
canorous [knrs] adj
cant1 [knt] I n 1. ; 2. , ; 3. ; ; -











:
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:
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(r)

cant












:
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:
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:
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(r)

; ;
4. . , ;
5. , ; II v 1. ;
2. ; 3. (); ;
,
cant2 [knt] I n 1. ; 2. (); 3. , ; II v 1.
; 2.
( ); ; 3. ; 4. , ;

Cantab [kntb] . Cantab


rigian
Cantabrigian [ kntbriin] I adj
; II n
cantaloup [knt lp] n

cantankerous [kntk()rs] adj


,
cantata [kntt] n
cantatrice [knttr s] n
canteen [knt n] n 1.
; dry (wet) ( )
; 2. . ; 3.
;
canter1 [knt] n 1.
; 2.
canter2 [knt] I n ;
II v
canterbury [kntbri] n
( , ,
. .)
canthus [kns] n

canticle [kntik()l] n 1. ,
; 2. pl (Canticles) .

cantilever [kntil v] n . ,
;
;
; wing .
cantillation [ kntilei()n] n

capacity
cantle [knt()l] n
canto [knt] n (pl os) 1.
( ); 2. . ;

canton [kntn] I n , ;

II v ()

cantonal [kntn()l] adj

cantonment
[kntnmnt]
n
1. ();
2. ; winter

cantor [knt] n
cantrip [kntrip] n . 1. ; 2. ;
cantus [knts] n
canty [knti] adj .
Canuck [knk] n . . (. )
canutism [knjtiz()m] n
canvas [knvs] n 1. , ; ; 2. . ;
3. ; 4. ; under .
; 5. .
canvass [knvs] I n
; II v ,
canvasser [knvs] n
cany [keini] adj .
canyon [knjn] n , ; syn. gorge, gully, ravine
canzone [kntsuni] n
caoutchouc [kak] n
cap [kp] I n 1. ; ; ; ; syn. beret, bonnet,
hat; 2. (); 3. , ; 4. . ; ;
;
;
5. , ; .
(); 6. ; in hand ; , ; II v 1.
; 2.
, (
. ); 3. , ; 4. ,
, ; 5. , -

; to the climax , ,
( , ); to a quotation ; 6. ; to the misery
a fast rain began

capability [ keipbilti] n 1. ; syn. ability, capacity, competence, faculty, potential,
qualification, skill, talent; 2. pl ( )
capable [keipb()l] adj 1. ; ; ; syn. efficient, gifted, intelligent, qualified,
skilful, talented; 2. ,
; of im
provement , ; of
explanation ; 3. (  ); he is
of every wickedness
capacious [kpeis] adj 1. , , ; 2. ; mind ,
capacitance [kpsitns] n . ;
capacitate [kpsiteit] v 1.
; 2. .
capacity [kpsti] n 1. ,
, ; measure of
; house ; syn. extent, room,
scope, size, space, volume; 2. ; . ; a mind of great
; syn. ability, capability, competence, efficiency, faculty;
3. . , ; ; carrying ; 4. , ; in the of an
engineer ;
5. . ; 6. .
141











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capapie












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:
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(r)

; reac
tance
capapie [ kpp ] adv
; armed

caparison [kprisn] I n 1. , ; 2. ; ;
II v 1. , ; 2.
cape1 [keip] n 1. ( ); ; 2. ; syn.
cloak, coat, shawl, wrap
cape2 [keip] n ; the (of Good
Hope) ;
syn. headland, peninsula, point
capelin [kplin] n
capeline [kplin] n
caper1 [keip] n 1.
; 2. pl
caper2 [keip] I n 1. ;
2. , ; II v (. to
cut a to cut s) 1.
, ;
2. ,
caperer [keipr] n
capful [kpfl] n
;  of wind

capias [keipis] . n .

capillarity [ kpilrti] n . ,
capillary [kpilri] I adj ,
; II n
capital1 [kpit()l] I adj 1. , , ;
goods ;
letter ; stock
; syn. finance,
funds, means, money, property, resources, wealth; 2. ;
3. . ; ; offence, crime
; sentence ; punishment
,
; II n 1. ; 2. ; 3. ; ; to make .

142

captain
capital2 [kpit()l] n .
capitalism [kpit liz()m] n

capitalist [kpit()list] I n ; II adj ;

class ,

capitalistic [ kpitlistik] adj

capitalization [ kpitlaizei()n] n
;
capitalize [kpit laiz] v ,
capitally [kpitli] adv 1. , ; 2.

capital punishment [kpit()pnimnt] n

capitate(d)
[kpiteitid]
adj
1. ;
2. .
capitation [ kpitei()n] n , ";
tax ; grant
,
Capitol [kpit()l] n 1. ..
; 2. ; . 

capitular [kpitjl] n
capitulate [kpitj leit] v , ; syn. give in,
submit, succumb, surrender, yield
capitulation [k pitjlei()n] n
capitulum [kpitjlm] n
capnomancy [kpnmnsi] n
capo [kp] n
capon [keipn] n 1. ; 2. .
caponata [ kpnt] n

caponier [ kpni] n .

caporal [ kprl] n 


capot [kpt] n

capote [kpt] n 1. 
; 2. ; 3. - 
; 4. -
; 5. ;

6.

capper [kp] n

cappie [kpi] n

cappuccino [ kp n] n 
, :
capric [kprik] adj
()
capriccio [kprii] n 
caprice [kpr s] n 1. ; -
; syn. fancy, freak, impulse, in- (r)
constancy, whim; 2. ;

capricious [kpris] adj ;


Capricorn [kpri kn] n . ;
tropic of
caprifoil [kprifil] n
caprine [kprain] adj
capriole [kpril] I n
( ); ; II v
capsa [kps] n
capsicum [kpsikm] n
capsize [kpsaiz] v () ( , ,
. .)
capstan [kpstn] n , ; .
capsule [kpsjl] n 1. ;
2. . , ;
3. . ;
4. . ,
captain [kptin] I n 1. . ; of the day ; syn. boss, chief, commander,
head, leader, officer; 2. .
1 ; ; ;
3. ; 4. ;
5. , ; 6. .
; II v ,











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(r)

captaincy












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(r)












:
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(r)

captaincy [kptnsi] n

captainship [kptinip] n 1. = cap


taincy; 2.
captation [kptei()n] n 1. ; 2. . ()
caption [kp()n] n 1. . ;
2. . (, );
3. ,
captious [kps] adj ;

captivate [kptiveit] v ,
, ; syn. attract, charm, dazzle, enchant, fascinate, hypnotise, win
captivating [kpti veiti] adj ,
captivation [ kptivei()n] n
captive [kptiv] I n ;
; syn. convict, detainee,
hostage, prisoner; II adj
; to hold ;
balloon
captivity [kptivti] n ; ; ; syn. bondage,
confinement, custody, imprisonment,
incarceration, restraint
captor [kpt] n 1.
; 2. . , ,
capture [kp] I n 1. ; ; syn. arrest, catch, imprisonment, seizure, trapping; 2. ;
3. . ; II v ; ; d material
, ;
syn. arrest, catch, seize
Capuchin [kpjin] n 1.
(); 2. . ; 3. (capuchin)
()
car [k] n 1. (, .
. ); fare
. ;
2. ; ; 3. , (. motor);
4. ; 5. . ; 6. .
carabine [krbin] = carbine

carcinomatosis
caracal [krkl] n . ,

carafe [krf] n
carambole [krmbl] n

caramel [krmel] n 1. ;
2. ( )

carat [krt] n (
= 0,2 )

caravan [kr vn] n


caravaneer [ krvni] n

caravanner [krvn] n

caravel [krvel] = carvel


caraway [krwei] n
carbamide [kbmaid] n
carbarn [kbn] n .

carbide [kbaid] n .
carbine [kbain] n
carbineer [ kbini] = carabineer
carbo [kb] n
carbohydrate [ kbhaidreit] n
.

carbolic [kblik] I adj -

; II n . , (. acid)
carbon [kbn] n 1. . ;
black ; dioxide ; ; oil ; steel ;
2. . , ;
3.
carbonaceous [ kbneis] adj
, ,
carbonado [ kbneid] n

carbonari [ kbnri] . n . .
carbonate [kbneit] n ,
; ,

carbonation [ kbnei()n] n

carbon dioxide [kb()n daiksaid] n ,

carbonic [kbnik] adj , 


, ; acid
; oxide - 



carboniferous [ kbnifrs] adj 
;

(, , ); li
mestone -


carbonization [ kbnaizei()n] n 

1. ; ;

2. ; :
carbonize [kbnaiz] v - ()
; ; ; 

carbonnade [ kbneid] n (r)


carbon paper [kbn peip] n ,


carbonyl [kbnil] n

carborundum

[ kbrndm]

carbuncle [kbk()l] n .,
.

carburation [ kbjrei()n] n

carburet [kbjret] v . ,

carburetter, carburett(o)r [ kbret] n .


carcajou [kk] n .

carcase [kks] = carcass


carcass [kks] n 1. ; 2. ,











:
()


(r)











:
()

carcinomatosis [ ksinmtsis]
(r)
, (.
. ); to save
one's ;
3. , ; ; ;
4. . , ;
5. ,
carcinogen [ksin()n] n
carcinogenic [ ksinenik] adj

carcinology [ ksinli] n

carcinoma [ ksinm] n . ,
n

143

card












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:
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(r)












:
()


(r)

card1 [kd] n 1. ();


pl ; ; 2. ; calling ;
3. ; member ; invitation
; 4. ();
5. . , ; to speak by the ; to throw up one's
s (); ,

card2 [kd] I . n , ; II v , ,
cardamom [kdmm] n
cardan [kdn] n . ;
joint ,
cardboard [kdbd] n
carder [kd] n . 1. ; ; ;
; 2.
cardholder [kd hld] n
cardiac [kdi ak] I adj . ; II n ,
cardiant [kdint] n

cardigan [kdign] n

cardinal [kdin()l] adj ,
, ; point
; ;
winds , ,
; numbers
cardinalate [kdnleit] n

cardioacceleration [kdik selrei()n] n

cardioactive [ kdiktiv] adj

cardiogenic [ kdienik] adj

cardiograph [kdigrf] n

cardiology [ kdili] n .

144

caricature
cardiopathy [ kdipi] n

cardiopulmonary [ kdiplmnri] adj 


cardiovascular [ kdivskjl]
adj 
cardioversion [ kdiv:()n] n

care [ke] I n 1. ; ,
; in of ; Mr
White c/o ( care of)
Mr Jones   ( ); under
the of a physician ; killed the cat .
, ; syn.
carefulness, concern, consideration,
custody, interest, protection; 2. , ; syn. attention, caution, watchfulness; to take
of somebody 
; take ! !; II v
1. (for, of, about); the
children are well d for
; 2. , (for);
(to); to for music
; not to for meat ; I don't to go
; I don't ; I don't if I do .
; I don't a straw
(a damn, a button, a brass far
thing, a fig, a feather) ,
careen [kr n] I v . 1. , ; 2. ; II n
, ; on the
;
career [kri] I n 1. ; in full ; 2. ; ; syn. employment,
job, life-work, occupation, progress,
pursuit, vocation; 3. .
; man ; 4. attr. .
; II v
; ; syn. dash,
gallop, hurtle, race, run, rush, speed
careerist [kririst] n

carefree [ke fr ] adj 


careful [kef()l] adj 1. -
; , ; 

; examination of

a question - 
, ; syn.
attentive, cautious, mindful, watchful;
2. , ; syn. ac-
curate, detailed, meticulous, particu- 

lar, precise, scrupulous, thorough;

3.

carefulness [keflns] n - :

()
careless [kels] adj - 
, ; -
; a mistake - (r)
; syn. inconsiderate,
irresponsible, thoughtless, uncaring,
unconcerned, unthinking
carelessness [kelsnis] n
caress [kres] I n ; syn. embrace, hug, kiss, stroke; II v ,
; syn. embrace, fondle, hug,
kiss, stroke, touch
caret [krit] n
caretaker [ke teik] n ;
government
careworn [kewn] adj
carfare [kfe] n
carfax [kfks] n ;
carfuffle [kff()l] n
cargador [ kgd] n
cargo [kg] n (pl oes) ;
ship, boat ,
; syn. baggage, consignment
contents, freight, goods, load, merchandise, shipment, ware
cargotainer [kg tein] n
cariboo, caribou [krb] n ( )
caricature [ kriktj] I n ; syn. cartoon, farce, mockery,
parody, representation, satire; II v











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(r)

caricaturist












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(r)












:
()


(r)

caricaturist [krikrist] n

caries [keriz] n
carillon [kriljn] . n 1.
; 2. ()

caring [keri] adj ,

cariosity [ kristi] n .

carious [keris] adj . , ; ( )


carload [kld] n
Carmagnole [kmnjl] . n

carman [kmn] n .
Carmelite [kmlait] n
()
carminative [kmintiv] . I adj
; II n

carmine [kmain] I n ;
II adj
carnage [kni] n ,

carnal [kn()l] adj 1. ,


; 2. ; know
ledge
carnality [knlti] n ,
carnapper [knp] n

carnation [knei()n] I n 1. .
; 2. .
, ; 3. ; II adj

carnet [knei] n
carnival [kniv()l] n 1. ;
syn. celebration, fair, festival, fiesta,
gala, holiday, jamboree; 2.
( )
carnivore [kni v] n 1. . ; 2. .
carnivorous [kniv()rs] adj

carrier
carol [krl] I n ;
(. );
syn. chorus, hymn, noel, song; II v
;
carolinian [ krlinin] n
carom [krm] . I n
( ); II v
carotene [krt n] = carotin
carotid [krtid] n .

carotin [krtin] n
carousal [kraz()l] n ,

carouse [kraz] I n = carousal;


II v ;
carousel [ krsel] n
carp1 [kp] n
carp2 [kp] v , , ;
ing tongue
carpal [kpl] adj . ,

car park [k pk] n


carpenter [kpint] I n ;
's bench ; II v
carpenterant [kpintrnt] n 
carpentry [kpintri] n
;
carper [kp] n
carpet [kpit] I n 1. ; 2. . (, );
3. . (); on the
( ); to
walk the ; II v
1. , ;
2. . ();
3. , , "
carpetbag [kpitbg] n
( ); gov
ernment . .

carpetknight [kpitnait] n 1. , ;
2. ; 3. . ,
, ,

carpetsweeper [kpit sw p] n 


carpology [kpli] n - 



carport [kpt] n 
carpus [kps] n (pl pi) . -


carrack [krk] n
carragh(e)en [krg n] n - 

(
)

carrefour [ krf] n :
carrel [krl] n
()
carriage [kri] n 1. ; 
and pair ,

;
syn. coach, (r)
vehicle, wagon; 2. .. ; 3. ; 4. ( , );
; 5. ; ; ; 6. ,
(); 7. , ;
paid ;
syn. carrying, delivery, transportation; 8. , ; 9. ; (, ); 10. ;

carriageable [krib()l] adj


, ( )
carriage dog [kridg] n
carriagefree [ krifr ] n ; 

carriageway [kri wei] n


carrier [kri] n 1. ;
; ; ;
syn. bearer, courier, delivery-man,
messenger, porter; 2. . ; 3. ; 4. .
; 5. . ; 6. ; ,
; , ; ; 7. ; 8.
;

145











:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

carrier bag












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

carrier bag [kribg] n

carrierborne [ kribn] adj:


aircraft ,
; attack
; squadron

carrier pigeon [ kripi()n] n

carrierplane [kriplein] n
carrion [krin] I n 1. ;
2. , ; II adj ;
carrion crow [ krinkr] n
carrot [krt] n 1. ; 2. pl
. ; (o e)
carroty [krti] adj
; ,
carrousel [ krsel] n
carry1 [kri] v 1. , ; to hay (corn) (); 2. , ; 3. ; ; 4. ; to oneself
with dignity ; 5. ; 6. (, ); 7. ; to to extreme
; 8.
( . .); 9. ,
; he carried his audience
with him ; 10. ; to one's
point ; ; 11. ; ; the bill was carried ; 12. ; 13. ; to the
conclusion ;
14. ; , ; ( , );
; 15. ,
; 16. . , ; ; the greengrocer
carries fruits also 146

cartridge
; the book
carries many tables ; . .:
away ; ; to
one back 
; forward
(); . = over; off ; ; ;
(); ;
; though frighte
ned he carried it off very well
, , ; on
; (); .
(with); to on hos
tile acts
; out ; , ; (); over ; .
, , ; through
; , ;
 to all before one ;
; to conviction
, ;
to into effect
; to too far ; to the
war into the enemy's country
; . ; to
weight
( ); .
,
carry2 [kri] n 1. . ();
(); 2. .
"; 3. . ()
carryall [kril] n ,
carryingson [ kriizn] n pl
. ,

carryingtrade [ kriitreid] n ,

carrytale [kriteil] n

carse [ks] n 

cart [kt] I n ; ; 

house ; to put

the before the horse . - 
 ;
in the .
; syn. truck, wagon,
wheel-barrow; II v 1. , 

; 2. .

( )

cartage [kti] n 1. - :
; 2. - ()


Cartesian [kt zin] I adj -
, ; II n - (r)

cartful [ktfl] n ( ) 
Carthaginian [ kinin] I n

; II adj 
;

Carthusian [kjzin] n - 
()

cartilage [ktli] n
cartilaginous [ ktlins] adj
; fish . 

cartload [ktld] = cartful

cartogram [ktgrm] n - 

:
cartographer [ktgrf] n - ()


cartographic(al) [ ktgrfik()l]
(r)
adj

cartography [ktgrfi] n ,

cartomancy [kt mnsi] n

carton [kt()n] n 1. ;
2. , 3.

cartoon [ktn] n ;
,

cartoonews [ktnjz] n

cartoonist [ktnist] n 1. ; 2. 
cartridge [ktri] n , ; blank ;
syn. capsule, cassette, container,
magazine, shell











:
()


(r)

cartridge belt












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

cartridge belt [ktribelt] n


1. ; 2.
cartridgebox [ktribks] n

cartridgecase [ktrikeis] n

cartridge clip [ktriklip] n

cartridgepaper [ktri peip] n


(
)
cartridgepouch [ktripa] n

cartune [ktjn] n

carve [kv] v ; ;
syn. chisel, cut, engrave, form, grave,
sculpt
carver [kv] n 1. ( ); ; 2.
( )
carving [kvi] n 1. ; 2. ; chisel

casaba [ksb] n
cascabel [kskbel] n

cascade [kskeid] I n 1. ; 2. . ; II v
.
case1 [keis] n 1. , ; ; ; as the
stands
; in ; in any
; in that
; it is not the ;
to put (the) that ,
...; syn. circumstances, condition, event, occasion, occurrence,
point, situation, state; 2. . , ; . ;
3. . ;
; ;
, , ; pl
; to state one's
; the for
the defendant , ; to make
out one's ; syn. cause, dispute, lawsuit,

cast
process, suit, trial; 4. . , ; 5. .
case2 [keis] I n 1. , ;
; ; syn. box, cabinet, chest, container; 2. ; ; syn. suitcase; 3. , ; syn. folder, holder, jacket, shell;
4. . ; 5. , ; II v 1. , ; 2.
; 3. ,
caseharden
[keis hd()n] v
1. . ();
2. .
casehardened [keis hd()nd] adj
1. ; ;
2. . ;
casehardening [keis hdni] n
. ,

case law [keisl] n .


casemate [keismeit] n . ;
casement [keismnt] n

caseous [keisis] adj ;

casern(e) [kz:n] n (. pl)


;
caseworm [keisw:m] n . ,
cash [k] n ; on a ba
sis ; petty
; register ; syn. banknotes, change, coinage,
currency, money, notes, ready money
cashable [kb()l] adj
cash deck [k dek] n
cash dispenser [k dispens] n

cashew [k] n
cashier1 [ki] n ; syn. accountant, banker, clerk
cashier2 [ki] v 1.
; 2.
cashmere [k mi] n 1. ;
2.

cashpoint [k pint] n = cash dis 

penser
cash register [k reist] n - 



casing [keisi] n 1. ; - 
, ; ; 2. -
; ; ; 3. ;
; 4. . ;
joint , 

casings [keisi] n

casino [ks n] n (pl os) , 

:
cask [ksk] n ,
()
casket [kskit] n 1. ; syn. 

box, case, jewel-box; 2. .


caspian [kspin] adj (r)
casquet [kskit] n
cassata [kst] n

cassation [ksei()n] n .


cassette recorder [kset rikd] n 



cassia [ksi] n .

cassinette [ ksinet] n

cassis [ks s] n

cassiterite [ksitrait] n - 


cassock [ksk] n 1. ; ; 

2. . ,
cassone [ksnei] n - :
()


cassoulet [kslei] n

(r)
cast [kst] I v 1. , ,
, ; to anchor 

; syn. diffuse, direct,



emit, fling, hurl, scatter, spread, throw, 
toss; 2. (); (- 
); (); 
(); to the coat
( ); 3. , -
( -

); 4. ; 5. 
(); 6. (- 
. .); II n 1. ; the 
last ; 2. - :
, ; (- ()
, , ); 3. , 

(r)
; 4. ; to stake on a 147

castalian












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

, ;
5. ; 6. ; 7. ; 8. .
; ( );
syn. actors, characters, company, performers, players, troupe; 9. ;
10. ,
castalian [ksteilin] adj
castanets [ kstne] n pl
castaway [kst wei] I n 1. ; 2. ;
; II adj
castellated [kstleitid] adj ,
castellation [ kstilei()n] n
castellet [kstlit] n

castigate [kstigeit] v ;

castigation [ kstigei()n] n 1. ; ; 2. ;
3. ; 4. (. )
castigator [kstigeit] n
castigatory [kstigeitri] adj
casting [ksti] n 1. . ,
( ); bed
; box ;
form ; 2.
(); 3. ; 4. .
;

castingvote [ kstivt] n ,

castiron [ kstain] adj 1. ; 2. . ,
; discipline

castle [ks()l] I n 1. ; ; s in the air (in the sky


in Spain) ;
syn. citadel, fortress, palace, tower;
2. ; ; 3. .
; II v .
148

catalyze
castlebuilder

[ks()l bild]

castor1 [kst] n 1. ; 2. .
; 3. .

castor2 [kst] n 1. , ( ); 2. ;

castoroil [ kstril] n
; plant . ,

castrametation [ kstrmtei()n]
n

castrate [kstreit] I n ; II v
,

castration [kstrei()n] n

casual [k ul] adj 1. ;


syn. accidental, chance, incidental,
unexpected; 2. ;
syn. unintentional, unpremeditated;
3. ; 4. , ; syn. irregular, occasional; worker .

casuals [k ulz] n

casualty [k ulti] n 1. ; ; 2. . ; ; 3. .


; 4. pl ( )
casualtylist [ k ultilist] n ,
( )
casuistic(al) [ kzjistik()l] adj

casuistry [kzjistri] n ;
;
casus belli [ kssbel ] . n ,

cat [kt] I n 1. ; ; 2. .
; 3. .
; 4. . ;
 anddog life
;
(. ); to let
the out of the bag . ; to see which way
the jumps, to wait for the to

jump . ,
; II v 1. .
; 2. ; 3. . ;
catabasis [ktbsis] n
catabatic [ ktbtik] n
cataclasmic [ ktklzmik] adj

cataclysm [kt kliz()m] n 1. ; 2. ,


cataclysmic [ ktklizmik] adj
catacomb [ktkm] n ( pl)
; ; the Cata
combs ; syn.
tomb, vault
catadioptrics [ ktdaiptriks] n

catafalque [ktflk] n 1. , ;
2. ,
Catalan [ktln] I n 1. ;
2. ; II adj
catalectic [ ktlektik] adj
catalepsy [ktlepsi] n . ; ;
cataleptic [ ktleptik] adj .

catalogue [ktlg] I n ;
syn. directory, index, list, register;
II v ; syn. alphabetise, classify, file, index, inventory,
list, record, register
cataloguer [ktlg] n ,
cataloguist [ktlgist] n
catalysis [ktlsis] n .
catalyst [ktlist] n .
catalytic [ ktlitik] adj
catalyze [ktlaiz] n











:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

catalyzer












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

catalyzer [ktlaiz] = catalyst


catamaran [ ktmrn] n 1. , , ; 2. .
( ); 3. .

catamount [ktmant] n

catamountain [ ktmantin] n

catapult [kt plt] n I n 1. .


., . ; launching
; 2. ; II v

cataract [kt rkt] n 1. ;
2. ; 3. . ( ); 4. . , ,
catarrh [kt] n ;
catastasis [ktstsis] n
catastrophe [ktstrfi] n ; natural ; syn. adversity, cataclysm,
devastation, disaster, failure, fiasco,
mischance, misfortune, ruin, tragedy
catastrophic [ ktstrfik] n
catastrophism [ktstrfiz()m] n

catatonia [ kttni] n
catbird [kt b:d] n
catcall [ktkl] I n , ; ; II v
catch [k] I v (caught) 1. ;
; ; to hold of
; syn. arrest,
captivate, capture, charm, fascinate,
get hold of, grab, grasp, grip, seize,
take; 2. ; to a person's
meaning ,  ; to the eye
; to the Speaker's eye
. ; to a likeness
( ) ; 3. ;
; to (a) cold -

catenation
; to measles
; 4. , ; to
the train ; to
a person in the act
; to be caught
in the rain ;
5. ; 6. (); ; ; ; to
one's finger in a door
; the boat was
caught in the reeds ; 7. ;
8. ; ; I caught him
one in the eye
; 9. ,
;
10.
; the pond es ;
. .: at ; ; away ; off
. . ; on
; . ; over
, ;
up ; (.
., ., ); ; ; .
( );
 to fire ; to it
. ; me
doing that! ?
!; to one's foot ; to sight of , ; II n 1. ; ;
2. ; ; 3. ; ; that is not
much of a ;
4. ; ; 5. . , ; , ,
; ;
; syn. bolt, clasp, clip, fastener,
hasp, hook, latch; 6. . ,
, ; ; 7. (, )
catcher [k] n
catching [ki] adj
( ); syn. contagious, infectious
catchphrase [k freiz] n

catchpole [kpl] n 

catchpoll [kpl] n 

,

catchup [kp] = ketchup

catchword [kw:d] n 1.
( . .);
2. . ; 3. . -
; 4. (- 

)

catchy [ki] adj - 
; ( )
:
catechism [kt kis()m] n 1. . ()
; 2. - 

;
catechist [ktkist] n - (r)

catechize [ktkaiz] v 1.











:
categoricalness [ ktgriklns] ()

n

categorization [ ktigraizei()n] (r)


;
2. ; 3. .
catechumen [ ktkjmen] n
1. . ; 2. ,
categorial [ ktigril] adj
categorical [ ktgrik()l] adj ; syn. absolute, direct,
downright, emphatic, express, unconditional

categorize [ktigraiz] v - 



category [ktg()ri] n ; 
; ; syn. class, division, 
grade, section, sort, type

catena [kt n] n (pl nae) ,

,
catenarian [ ktinerin] adj

catenary [kt nri] I n 
; II adj ; suspension 
( 
:
)
catenate [ktineit] v ; ()

;

catenation [ ktinei()n] n (r)

149

cater












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

causer

cater1 [keit] v 1.

catlap [ktlp] n .

(for); syn. provide,


provision, supply; 2.
( . .);
3. , , (to, for)
cater2 [keit] n ( , )
catercousin [keit kzn] n 1. ; 2.

caterer [keitr] n 1.
; 2. ,
. .
caterpillar [kt pil] n 1. . ; 2. . ;
catgut [ktgt] n 1. (
. );
2. .
catharsis [ksis] n 1. .,
. ; 2. .
cathartic [ktik] I adj ; II n ()
cathedra [k dr] n
( )
cathedral [k drl] I n ; II adj
catheter [kit] n .
cathetus [kits] n
cathode [kd] n .
catholic [klik] I adj 1. , ; 2. .
, ; 3. (. Roman );
II Catholic n
Catholicism [kl siz()m] n ,
catholicity [ klisti] n 1. ; ; ;
2. (Catholicity)
catholicize [klisaiz] v

cathouse [kthas] n
catice [ktais] n
catkin [ktkin] n ( )

;
catlike [ktlaik] adj
catling [ktli] n 1. . ;
2. . ; 3.
catonian [keitnin] adj
catsleep [kl p] n
cat'spaw [kp] n ,
;  to make a of a
person 

catsup [kp] = ketchup


cattabu [ktbj] n
cattish [kti] adj
cattle [kt()l] n 1. ; syn. beasts, cows,
livestock, stock; 2. . ;
3. . ( )
cattledealer [kt()l d l] n ,
cattlefeeder [kt()l f d] n
cattleman [kt()lmn] n 1. ; ; 2. .
cattlepen [kt()lpen] n

cattleranch [kt()lrn] n ,
cattletruck [kt()ltrk] n ..

catty1 [kti] =cattish
catty2 [kti] n ,
= 604,8
Caucasian [kkeizin] I n ; II adj
caucus [kks] n 1. . .


; 2. ( .) , . .
caudal [kd()l] adj . ; appendage

150

caudate [kdeit] adj , 



caudex [kdeks] n

caught [kt] past p. p. catch

cauk [kk] n

caul [kl] n 1. ; 2. . -
( );

3. .
cauldron [kldrn] n 1. ; - 
; 2. . 



caulescent [klesnt] adj . :
( ()
)

caulicle [klik()l] n -
(r)

caulicole [klikl] n
cauliflower [kli fla] n 


cauline [klin] adj

caulis [klis] n - 


caulk [kk] v 1. -
; 2. , (-

); 3. =calk
causal [kz()l] adj . - 

;

causality [kzlti] n . - 
,
:
causation [kzei()n] n 1. - ()

; 2. = causality
causative [kztiv] adj 1. -
(r)
; 2. .
cause [kz] I n 1. ; syn. basis, consideration, grounds, impulse, 

incentive, mainspring, motivation,



motive, purpose, reason, stimulus; 
2. ; , (for); 
3. ; 4. . , ; II v 
1. , ,
; syn. bring about, effect,
generate, give rise to, induce, provoke,

result in; 2. ; to a

thing to be done  


causeless [kzls] adj - :
()
;
cause list [kzlist] n . 


(r)
causer [kz] n

causerie












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

causerie [kzri] n
causeway [kz wei] I n 1. ; ; 2. , ;
; II v 1. ; ; 2.
caustic [kstik] I adj 1. . ;
; lime ; silver ; soda
; syn. acid, cutting, keen, sarcastic, stinging; 2. . , , ; tongue
; II n ; ; lunar
causticity [kstisti] n 1. ;
2.
cauterant [ktrnt] n
cauterization [ ktraizei()n] n
.
cauterize [ktraiz] v .
cautery [ktri] n . 1. ; 2. ;
3. ( )
caution [k()n] I n 1. ; ; syn. admonition, alertness, care, carefulness,
forethought, watchfulness; 2. ; syn. advice, warning;
board (
) ; 3. .
(
); II v ;
syn. admonish, advise, warn
cautionary [k()nri] adj ,
caution money [k()nmni] n
(, ., )
cautious [ks] adj ;
; syn. alert,
careful, discreet, prudent, tentative,
watchful
cavalier [ kvli] I n 1. ;
; syn. equestrian, horseman, knight; 2. . ; II adj
1. ; 2. ;
3. ;

celebrated
cavalry [kvlri] n ,

cavalryman [kvlrimn] n

cave [keiv] I n 1. ; syn. cavity, grotto; 2. , ;


3. . ; 4. . ; 5. . ; II v
1. ; 2. , (in); 3. .
; 4. . . ,
, (in)
caveat [kvi t] n 1. , ; 2. .
; to enter, to put
in a
caveman [keivmn] n ,
(. .)
caver [keiv] n
cavern [kvn] n
cavernous [kvns] adj 1. ; ;
2. .
caviar(e) [kvi] n ( )
cavil [kv()l] I n ; II v
,
caviller [kv()l] n
,
cavity [kvti] n , ; ( ); syn. gap, hole,
hollow
cavort [kvt] n
cavy [keivi] n
caw [k] I n ; II v
cawk [kk] n
cay [k ] n 1. ;
2.
cayenne [keien] n
cayman [keimn] n .
CD [ s d ] n . compact disc
-
CD player [ s d plei] n .
compact disc player -

cease [s s] I v , - 
(); (-
: to talking 

); to payment 
, ; 
syn. conclude, discontinue, end, fail,
finish, halt, stay, stop, terminate;

II n: without
ceasefire [s s fai] n 



ceaseless [s sls] adj 
, ; syn. constant, :
continual, continuous, endless, eter- ()
nal, non-stop, persistent

cecils [ses()lz] n pl -
(r)

cecity [s sti] n


cedar [s d] n

cedarwood [s dwd] n


cede [s d] v 1. (- 
); , (- 
, ); syn. abandon, give up, 
resign, surrender; 2. ( )
cedilla [sdil] n (-

)

cedrate [s drit] n

ceil [s l] v 1. . , - 
; , 
; 2. . - :
()


ceiling [s li] n ., .
; . ; . (r)

ceilometer [s lmit] n - 



celadon [seldn] n - 
 - 


celandine [selndain] n . -


celation [silei()n] n

celebrate [selbreit] v 1. ()
; syn. commemorate, exalt, 
glorify, honour, perform, praise, pro- 
claim, solemnise, toast; 2. - :
; 3. ()


celebrated [sel breitid] I p. p.


(r)
celebrate; II adj ;

151

celebration












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

; syn. distinguished,
famous, glorious, notable, outstanding, popular, prominent, well-known
celebration [ selibrei()n] n 1. ; ; 2. ; 3.
celebratory [selibrti] adj
celebrity [slbrti] n 1. ; ; 2.
celerity [slerti] n .
celery [selri] n
celesta [silest] n
celestial [silestil] I adj 1. ; map ;
pole . ; 2. , ; II n

celestine [selistain] n
celibacy [selbsi] n 1. ,
; 2.
celibatarian [ selbterin] I adj
; II n
celibate [selbt] I adj ;
; II n
cell [sel] I n 1. ;
condemned ;
2. ; 3.
( ); 4. .
; 5. ; 6. . ,
; syn. compartment, group,
nucleus, unit; 7. . ; con
nector ; II v 1. ; 2.
; 3.
( )
cellar [sel] I n 1. ; syn.
basement, store-room, vault; 2. ; to keep a good
; II v
,
cellarage [selri] n 1. ,
; 2. ;
3.
cellarer [selr] n (
)
cellaress [selris] n 
152

centesimal
cellist [elist] n (. violon
cellist)
cello [el] n (. violoncel
lo)
celloid [selid] adj
cellophane [selfein] n ;
wrapped in ,
cellular [seljl] adj ;
tissue .
cellulate [seljleit] adj
;
cellulitis [ seljlaitis] n
celluloid [selj lid] n
cellulose [selj ls] n 1. ; ; 2. a: nitrate
celotomy [siltmi] n
Celsius [selsis] n ;
Celt [kelt] n
celt [selt] n .

Celtic [keltik] I adj ; II n

celticism [kelti siz()m] n 1. ; 2. .
;
celtologist [keltlist] n
cement [sment] I n 1. ;
syn. concrete, plaster; 2.
, ; ;
3. . , ; II v () ; ; syn. attach, bind, fix together, glue, join, plaster, seal, stick,
unite
cementation [ s mentei()n] n ; ; ()
emetery [semt()ri] n ;
syn. burialground, graveyard
cenotaph [sentf] n
( ); the Cenotaph
",
( )

cense [sens] v . 
censer [sens] n ; -



censor [sens] I n 1. ; 2. 
, - 

( ); II v ,
; syn. amend,

cut, edit
censorate [sensreit] n 



censorial [sensril] adj - :
;
()
censorious [sensris] adj - 
; ; re
(r)
marks
censoriousness [sensrisns] n

censorship [sensip] n
censurable [senrb()l] adj

censure [sen] n
censurer [senr] n
census [senss] n ; popu
lation
cent [sent] n 1. ( .: per (%)); ten per
; 2. (0,01 )
cental [sent()l] n
( ,
100 . 45,36 )
centaur [sent] n 1. . ;
2. (Centaur)
centenarian [ sent nrin] I adj
; II n ( )
centenary [sent nri] I adj ; II n 1. ; 2.
; 3.

centennial [sentenil] I adj ; ;
II n = centenary
center [sent] . = centre
centering [sentri] n 1. . ; 2. . ,
centesimal [sentesm()l] adj ; ;
; balance











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(r)

centigrade












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:
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(r)

centigrade [senti greid] adj , ; thermometer


,
centigram(me) [senti grm] n

centime [snt m] n
(0,01 )
centimeter [senti m t] . = cen
timetre
centimetre [senti m t] n
centimo [sentim] n
centipedal [sentipidl] adj
centipede [sentip d] n . ,
centisecond [senti seknd] n

centner [sentn] n ( = 100 45,36 );
metric , double
(= 100 220,46 .
)
cento [sent] n

central [sentrl] I adj ; ; ; idea


; Asia
; syn. chief, essential, fundamental, important, key, main, primary,
principal; II n .
central heating [sentr()l h ti] n

centralism [sentrliz()m] n
centralist [sentrlist] n
centrality [sentrliti] n
centralization [ sentrlaizei()n] n
;
centralize [sentr laiz] v
centre [sent] I n 1. ; ; ; of at
traction ,
; 2. . , ; II v 1. () -

ceromancy
; ; (); to one's hopes on
someone ; the interest s in
; 2. .
;
centreing [sentri] = centering
centreless [sentlis] adj
centremost [sentmst] adj
centrepiece [sentp s] n ,
. .
( )
centresection [sent sek()n] n
.
centric(al) [sentrik()l] adj
centricity [sentristi] n
centrifugal [sentrifjgl] I adj ; machine ; II n
centrifuge [sentrifj] n
centripetal [sentripit()l] adj
centripetency [sentripitnsi] n

centroid [sentrid] n
centuple [sentjp()l] I adj ; II v
;
centuplicate [sentjplikt] I v =
centuple; II adj = centuple; III n
; in 100
centurial [sentjril] adj
century [senri] n ,
century plant [senriplnt] n .
,
cep [sep] n
cephalalgic [ sefllik] n
cephalic [sflik] adj .
cephalitis [ seflaitis] n . ,
cephalometer [ seflmit] n

cephalopoda [seflpd] n pl . 

cephalotomy [ sefltmi] n - 



ceramic [srmik] adj - 

ceramics [sirmiks] n ;



ceramist [sermist] n
cerate [sirit] n 

( )

cereal [siril] I n 1. (. pl) :
; 2. . (. ()
), 
, . ,
. .; II adj (r)
,

cerebellum [ serbelm] n .

cerebral [serbrl] adj


cerebration [ serbrei()n] n ,

cerebrifugal [ serbrifjgl] adj


cerebrology [ serbrli] n

cerebropathy [ serbrpi] n

cerebroscopy [ serbrskpi] n

cerebrum [sr brm] n .

ceremonial [ sermnil] I adj











:
()


(r)

, ; II n 
,

ceremonialism [ serimniliz()m]
n

ceremonialist [ sermnilist] n

ceremonious [ sermnis] adj

ceremony [sermni] n , ; wedding ;


without
cerise [sr z] I adj ; II n


cermet [s:mit] n
cerography [sirgrfi] n
ceromancy [sirmnsi] n

153











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(r)

ceromel












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:
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(r)












:
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(r)

ceromel [sirmel] n

ceroplastics [ sirplstiks] n pl

(
)
cert [s:t] n . certificate

certain [s:t()n] adj 1. ;


to feel ; not to
know for ; to
make of ; 2. ; I have no abode ;
3. , , ; I felt a
joy
; there was a Mr Ford
; under
conditions ,
; 4. ,
, ; the fact is

certainly [s:t()nli] adv ,
; ; he is
better today , , ; May I visit him?
Yes, ? ,

certainty [s:t()nti] n 1. ; I know for a


; 2. ;
with
certificate [stifikt] I n 1. ; ; ; birth ; ;
of health ; 2. .
; ; II v
;
certification [ s:tifikei()n] n
1. ; 2.
certifier [s:tifai] n

certify [s:ti fai] v ,

certiorate [ s:tireit] v
154

chairoplane
certitude [s:titjd] n ,

ceruse [sirs] n 1. ()
; 2. ()
cervelat [s:vil] n
cervical [svaik()l] adj . , ; vertebrae

cervix [s:viks] n (pl vices, es)


. ; uteri
cespitose [sespits] adj
cess [ses] n 1. . ;
2. . ;
 bad to you! .
!

cessation [ssei()n] n 1. ; 2. ; ; of
arms, of hostilities
,

cession [se()n] n , ; of rights


cesspipe [sespaip] n
cesspit [sespit] n ;

cesspool [sespl] ;

cestoid

[sestid] n

cestus [sests] n
cetacean [sitei()n] I adj -

; II n

cetaceous [siteis] adj


cete [s t] n
cetologist [sitlist] n
chafe [eif] I v 1. , ;
2. ; 3. 
( ); 4. , , ;
5. , ; II n 1. ;
2. ; in a
chafer [eif] n
chaff [f] n 1. ; a grain of
wheat in a bushel of ,
; 2. , ; bed -

; 3. ;
4. , ;
chaffcutter [f kt] n ..
chaffer [f] I v , ; II n (
)
chaffy [fi] adj 1. ; 2. ,
chafingdish [eifidi] n 1. ; 2.
chagrin [grin] I n ; ; II v ; (. pass.); to feel ed
(at, by)
chain [ein] I n 1. ; ;
cable ; 2. , ; 3. ; 4. attr.
; stores .
; II v
1. ; 2. ;
; to up a dog ; 3. .
; ed to the desk

chainless [einls] adj


chain stitch [einsti] n

chair [e] I n 1. ; to take a


; days ; 2. ; ; 3. ; .
(); to address the ;
!, ! !; to leave the
; to take the
; 4. .
; II v

chairborne [e bn] adj


chaircar [ek] n .. 

chairman [emn] n
chairmanship [emnip] n
chairoplane [erplein] n











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chairperson












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(r)

chancellor

chairperson [e p:sn] n

chair warmer [ewm] n .


. ,

chalcographer [klkgrf] n

chalcography [klkgrfi] n

chalcopyrite

[ klkpairait]

Chaldean [kld n] I adj ; ; II n

1. ; 2. . ; ; 3.
chaldron [ldrn] n
(= 1,66 3)

chalet [lei] n 1.
; ; 2.
; 3.

chalice [lis] n
chalk [k] I n 1. ; 2.
( , ); 3. ,
; 4. ( ); 5. .
; ; as like as and
cheese ; II v 1. ,
; 2. ; out
; ( ); ()
chalkpit [kpit] n
chalky [ki] adj 1. ; ; syn. pale, powdery,
white; 2. .
challenge [lin] I n 1. (
, . .); syn.
confrontation, defiance, provocation,
trial, ultimatum; 2. (); 3. . (); 4. . ();
peremptory
( );
5. ; II v 1. ,
; syn. accost, brave,
confront, defy, demand, dispute,
provoke, query, question, stimulate, summon; 2. ( ); , ; 3. . ; 4. ;

; to the
accuracy of a statement ;
5. . ();
6. . (, . .)
challengeable [linb()l] adj

challenger [lin] n
challenging [lind i] adj
chalybeate [klibit] adj ( )
chamade [md] adj

chamber [eimb] I n 1. ,
. . ; 2. pl ; ; practice
; 3. ; of Commerce
; 4. . ;
5. . ; ;
6. . ; II adj ; III v 1. ;
2. , ;
3. .
chamberlain [eimblin] n
chambermaid [eimb meid] n ; . .

chambertin [ mbet] n
chambray [mbrei] n
"
chameleon [km lin] n
chameleonic [k m linik] adj
chamfer [mf] I n 1. ;
; hollow ; 2. ; ; II v
1. , ;
2. ,
(, . .)
chamois [mw] I n 1. . ; 2. [mi] ; II v
champ [mp] I v 1. , ; 2. ; II n

champagne [ mpein] n - 

champerty [mpti] n (- 

)

, - 
(champer
tor)
-


champignon [mpinj] n - 



champion [mpin] n 1. , :
; syn. conqueror, defend- ()
er, protector, victor, winner; 2. - 

,
championship [mpinip] n - (r)
; . ,

chance [ns] I n 1. , 
; by ; 2.
; ; games of 
; syn. destiny, fortune, risk; 
3. , ; syn. luck; 
4. ; ; 
; theory of s .

; give me a !

!; to have an 
eye to the main 
(. ) ; 
to stand a good - 
; to take one's ( a) :
of ; - ()

; syn. occasion, opportunity,

possibility, probability, II v 1. - (r)


; I d to be at home
; syn. gamble, 

occur, risk, venture; 2. ;



let's it ; upon - 
, ; III adj - 


chanceful [nsf()l] adj -


chancel [ns()l] n

chancellery [ns()lri] n - 
(, )

chancellor [nsl] n 1. ; 
of the Exchequer - :
( - ()
); 2. - 

; 3.
(r)

155

chancellorship












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chancellorship

[nslip]

char
n

chancellory [ns()lri] = chan


cellery

chancemedley [ns medli] n .


,
chancre [k] n .
, (. indurated )
chancroid [krid] n .
chancy [nsi] adj . ; syn. dangerous, hazardous,
risky, tricky, uncertain
chandelier [ ndli] n ;

chandler [ndl] n 1. , ; 2. , ; ship



change [ein] I n 1. ;
; . (, ); gear . ; of
air ; .
; of life . ; syn. alteration, break,
difference, exchange, interchange,
transition, transposition, variation;
2. ; for a ; syn. modification, transformation; 3. ; (, ); 4. ,
; ; 5. 'Change (
Exchange) ;
6. ( ,
); no for Oxford ; 7.
, ; 8. , ;  to get no
out of a person .
; to ring the
s (on) .
; to take the out of a per
son . ;
II v 1. ; ;
2. (), ; , ; times
; to colour, to coun
tenance ; to
156

one's note, one's tune , ; to


one's mind ; to
hands ;
;
to horses in the midstream
;
syn. alter, alternate, diversify, exchange, interchange, modify, remove,
reorganise, replace, substitute, transform; 3. ; 4. ( , . .)
changeability [ einbilti] n , ;
changeable [einb()l] adj
1. , ;
; syn. inconstant, irregular, mobile, shifting, uncertain,
unstable, unsteady, variable; 2.
changeful [einf()l] adj 1. ; 2. = changeable
changeless [einls] adj ,
changeover [ein v] n 1. ; ; 2. ;
changepocket [ein pkit] n
changer [ein] n
channel [n()l] I n 1. ; ; ; ; ; the
; syn. canal, communication, conduit, main, passage,
path, route, sound, start, strait, watercourse, waterway; 2. ;
; 3. . ; ;
, ; ; 4. .
; ; the information
was received through the usual
s
; II v 1.
; ;
; 2. .

chanoyu [ nj] n

chant [nt] I n 1. . ;
2. . ;
; II v 1. . ;
(. to the praises
of); 2.

chantage [nti ] . n
chanter [nt] n 1. ; 2. ,
; 3. ; 4.
( )

chanterelle [ ntrel] n
()

chanteuse [nt:z] n
chaos [keis] n ; ; syn. anarchy, confusion,
disorder, disorganisation, tumult
chaotic [keitik] adj ;
syn. anarchic, confused, disordered,
disorganised, purposeless, uncontrolled
chap1 [p] n . , ;
merry ; nice
; old , ;
syn. fellow, guy, person, sort, type
chap2 [p] I n , ; II v
1. ; 2. (. )
chap3 [p] n 1. (.
); 2.
chaparajos [ preius] n

chapel [p()l] n ;
chapelgoer [p()l g] n
chapfallen [p fln] adj 1.
; 2. . ,
chaplet [plit] n ; ,

chappals [p()lz] n
chappie [pi] n
chappy [pi] adj
chapter [pt] n (); to
the end of the .
; syn. clause, division, episode,
part, phase, section, topic
char1 [] I n ; II v











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char












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:
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(r)

(. ); , ()
char2 [] I v ; (); II n 1.  ; 2. .
char3 [] n 1. , (
. ); 2. .
,
charabanc [rb] . n
( )
character [krikt] I n 1. ;
a man of ,
; a man of no
, ; syn. constitution, individuality,
nature, peculiarity, personality, reputation, strength, temper, temperament;
2. ; 3. , ; 4. , ; a public ; syn. individual,
person, role, sort, type; 5. . , ; 6. , ( , ); ac
tor ;
7. . ;
8. , ; in the of
a friend ; 9. ; ; ; ;
; ; Chinese s
; Runic
; to be in
(with) ; to be out
of ; II v 1. ; 2. .
characterful [kriktf()l] adj
characteristic [ kriktristik] I adj
, ; syn.
distinctive, individual, peculiar,
specific, symbolic, symptomatic, typical; II n 1. ; 2. .
()

characterization [ kriktraizei()n]
n

characterize [krikt raiz] v 1. , ; 2. -

charity
;

characterless [krktls] adj ,


charactery [kriktri] n

charactonym [kriktnim] n
charade [rd] n
charbon [bn] n
charbroil [bril] v
charcoal [kl] I n 1.
; 2. , ; 3. ; II v
,
charcoalburner [kl b:n] n

charcuterie [ kjtr ] n

charge [] I v 1. ; ; 2. ; ;
();
( ); 3. , ; to one with an
important mission 
; to
oneself with , ;
4. ; ; I
you to obey ,
; 5. ;
; they d us ten dollars for
it
; what do you for it?
?; syn. ask, demand, price; 6. ;
7. ; to with murder ; syn. accuse,
blame, impeach, indict; 8. . ( );
9. . , ; II n
1. ; 2. , ;
3. , , ;
children in of a nurse , ; a nurse in of
children ,
; I am in of this
department
; -

; to be in . , ; to give a per
son in 
; 4. ; ; ; 5. ; pl
; ; at his own
; s forward
; free of ; syn. cost,
expenditure, expense, fee, price, rate;
6. ; 7. ;
8. ; to lay to one's
; syn. accusation, allegation; 9. .
; 10. .
; 11. ,
; ; to return to
the (. . , ); 12. .

chargeable [b()l] adj 1. ; 2.


charge d'affaires [  eidfe] .
n (pl charges d'affaires)
chargeless [ls] adj
charger [] n
chargesheet [ t] n .
chariness [erins] n ; ;
charisma [krizm] n
charismatic [ krizmtik] adj
charitable [ritb()l] adj 1. ; 2. ;
; syn. benevolent, compassionate, forgiving, generous, gracious,
kind, sympathetic, tolerant, understanding
charity [rti] n 1. ;
Sister of
,
. .; begins at
home .
; syn. alms-giving, assistance,
benevolence, compassion, endowment, generosity, gift, goodness, humanity; 2. ,
157











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charityschool












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:
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(r)

; 3.

charityschool [rtiskl] n (
)
charlatan [ltn] n ,
; ; syn. cheat,
phoney, pretender, swindler
charlatanic [ ltnik] adj
charlatanry [ltnri] n
Charles's Wain [ lzizwein] n
()
Charleston [lstn] I n
(); II v
charley, charlie [li] n .
1. ; 2.
charlock [lk] n .
charlotte [lt] n ( )
charm [m] I n 1. , ,
; to act like a , ( );
syn. attraction, fascination, magnetism; 2. ; 3. ; II v
1. , ; ; ; to a secret
out of ; syn. attract, captivate, delight, enchant;
2. (); 3. () ()
charmer [m] n 1. . ,
(. ); , ; 2. ;
charmeuse [mjz] n
charmful [mf()l] adj
charming [mi] I pres. p.
charm; II adj ,
; syn. appealing, attractive, delightful, lovely, pleasant, sweet
charmless [mls] adj
charmlike [mlaik] adj
158

chat show
charnel house [nlhas] n
charry [ri] adj
chart [t] I n 1. ;
room . ;
syn. map; 2. ;
; 3. , , , ; barometric ; syn. diagram, plan, table; II v
; ; syn. draft,
draw, graph, map out
chartbuster [t bst] n
charter [t] I n 1. , ; ; ; syn. prerogative, privilege; 2. ; mem
ber .  ; syn. authorisation, contract, document; II v
1. ; 2. (); 3. . ,
; syn. employ, engage, hire,
rent
charterage [tri] n
chartered [(r)t(r)d] adj ;
charterer [tr] n 1. ; 2. (, )
charter flight [t flait] n ()
charterhouse [thas] n
chartreuse [tr:z] n 1.
; 2. .

chartroom [trm] n
chary [eri] adj 1. ;
2. ( . .; of); to
be of giving offence

chase [eiz] I n 1. ; ; ; syn. hunt,
hunting, pursuit, race, run; 2. , ; . ,
; to give , ; in of ; II v
1. ; syn. follow, hunt, hurry, pursue, track; 2. ; -

; 3. ; . , ; to all fear
; go
yourself! . !
chaser1 [eis] n 1. ;
2. . ; 3. . ; 4. .

chaser2 [eis] n 1. ( ); ; 2. . ;
; 3. .
chasing1 [eisi] n ,

chasing2 [eisi] n
chasm [kzm] n ,
chasmal [kzml] adj
chasseur [s:] n
chassis [si] n (pl chassis) .
; ;
chaste [eist] adj 1. ; syn. immaculate, innocent,
modest, moral, pure, restrained, virginal; 2. , ( );
chasten [eis()n] v 1. ;
2. , ;
3.
chastise [staiz] v 1.
(. );
2.
chastisement [staizmnt] n ;
chastity [stti] n 1. ; 2. , ; 3. , ()
chasuble [zjb()l] n .
chat [t] I n ;
; ; syn. chatter,
gossip, talk; II v

chateau [t] n (pl chateaux)


,
chatelaine [tlein] n
chatoyant [etint] . adj
chat show [] n











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chattel












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:
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(r)

chattel [t()l] n (. pl)


(. s
personal); s real
; goods and s

chatter [t] I v 1. ; (); 2. ,


(. );
3. ; 4. ; 5. (); 6. , ; II n 1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4.
chatterer [tr] n ();
syn. big mouth, chatterbox, loudmouth
chattiness [tinis] n
chatty [ti] adj ,
chauffeur [f] n
chausses [asiz] n
chauvinism [v niz()m] n
chauvinist [vnist] n
chauvinistic [ vinistik] adj
chaw [] v . ; ;
up . .
(, )
cheap [ p] I adj 1. ; ( ); syn. cutprice, economical, inexpensive, reasonable; 2. ; syn. common,
inferior, low, poor, second-rate, vulgar,
worthless; II adv ; to get
off ; to hold
something ; to make oneself
,

cheapen [ pn] v 1. ;
2. ; 3.
cheaply [ pli] adv 1. ;
2.
cheapskate [ pskeit] n
cheat [ t] I n 1. ;
; syn. artifice, deceit, deception, trickery; 2. , ;
syn. charlatan, cheater, deceiver,
fraud, rogue, swindler, trickster; II v

heeky
1. , ; syn. deceive, defraud, double-cross, dupe,
fool, mislead, trick; 2. ; to time ; to the journey

cheatable [ tb()l] adj
cheatee [ t ] n
cheater [ t] n
check [ek] I n 1. . ;
2. ; ; ; syn. constraint, control,
curb, impediment, limitation, restraint, setback, stoppage; 3. .
; 4. , ; syn. examination,
inspection, investigation, test; 5. ; (); ; ;
; (,
); to cash,
to hand, to pass in one's s
. . ; . ; 6. . ; syn. bill, token;
7. ; ( ); II v 1. .
; 2. 
; 3. (), ; ; syn. arrest, bar, halt, hinder,
limit, pause, restrain, stop; 4. , ; syn. examine, inspect, investigate, probe, research, study, test, verify; 5. .
; 6. . ;  in ; out . ;
;
up ; with ,
; III adj 1. ; experiment ; 2.
checkable [ekb()l] adj
checkage [eki] n
checkback [ekbk] n

checkbook [ekbk] n

checked [ekt] adj 



checker [ek] adj

checkerboard [ekbd] n .



checkered [ek(r)d] = chequered
checkerwork [ekw:k] n -

checkery [ekri] n 



checkingroom [ekirm] = 
checkroom
:
checkless [eklis] adj - ()


checklist [ek list] n -


(r)

checkmate [ekmeit] I n 1.
(. int); 2. 
; II v 1. ; 2.
; 
;


checkout [ekat] n
checkpoint [ekpint] n - 

checkroom [ekrm] n 1.
, ; 2. - 




:
()


checkweigh [ekwei] v (r)


checktaker [ek teik] n 1. .
; 2. ..
checkup [ekp] n ;
, ; committee

Cheddar [ed] n ( ) 

cheek [ k] I n 1. ; 2. . 
, ; to have 
the to say - 
; brings success . - 
; syn. disrespect,
impertinence, impudence, insolence,

nerve;  by jowl ,

; to one's own .

; with one's tongue in 
one's ; II v - 
:
,
()
cheekbone [ k bn] n
heeky [ ki] adj . ; 

syn. disrespectful, forward, imperti(r)


nent, insolent, insulting, pert

159

cheep












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:
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(r)

cheep [ p] I n (, -

); II v
cheeper [ p] n 1. (.
); 2. ,
cheepy [ pi] adj
cheer [i] I n 1.
; !; three s for
our visitors!
!; 2. ; , ;
words of ;
syn. acclamation, applause, bravo,
ovation; 3. ; to be of
good ; 4. ; 5. ; to make good ,
; II v ; ;
; up () (); up! ()!;
syn. acclaim, applaud, clap, elate, encourage, exhilarate, incite, uplift,
warm
cheerful [if()l] adj 1. ,
; syn. cheery, glad, happy,
jolly, joyful, joyous, merry, optimistic;
2. , ( ); syn.
bright
cheerio [ iri] int .
!
cheerleader [i l d] n

cheerless [ils] adj ,


,
cheers [iz] int !
cheery [iri] adj , ; ; syn. bright, carefree, cheerful, happy, jovial, livery,
merry
cheese [ z] n ; a

cheeseboard [ z bd] n

cheeseburger [ z b:g] n


cheesecake [ z keik] n

cheesecloth [ zkl] n


160

chestofdrawers
cheeseparing [ z peri] I n
1. ; 2. . ;

II adj

cheesy [ zi] adj


cheetah [ t] n .
chef [ef] n ,

chefd'oeuvre [ eid:vr] . n (pl


chefsd'oeuvre) ,
cheiromancy [kair mnsi] =
chiromancy
chekhovian [kvin] adj
chela [k l] n (pl lae) .
chemic [kemik] adj

chemical [kemik()l] I adj ; fertilizers


; war gases
; II n pl ; ;
syn. element, substance

chemicalization [ kemiklaizei()n]
n

chemist [kemist] n 1. ; 2. ; 's shop


chemistry [kemistri] n ;
agricultural ; applied

chemolysis [kimlsis] n

chemosensor [ kemsens] n

chemosphere [kemsfi] n

cheque [ek] I n ; to
cash a :
to draw a ; II v: to
out
chequebook [ekbk] n

chequer [ek] I v 1.
; 2.
; 3. , ; ed fortune ; ed light and shade ; II n 1. pl
( ); 2.

chequers [ekz] n 
chequerwise [ekwaiz] adv



cherish [eri] v 1. (
, ); syn. comfort, 
foster, nourish, nurse, shelter, ten-
der, treasure; 2. ( -
); 3.
(); 4. (- 

)

cheroot [rt] n - 

:
cherry [eri] n , ; ()

orchard
cherryade [erieid] n
(r)

cherrypie [eripai] n 1.

; 2.
cherrystone [eristn] n -



chert [:t] n . , - 
,

cherub [erb] n (pl s, bim) -

cherubim [erbim] pl cherub



chervil [:vl] n .

chess1 [es] n

chess2 [es] n

chessboard [esbd] n :

()
chessman [es mn] n 

(r)
chest [est] n 1. ; ; of
drawers ; syn. box, case,
trunk; 2. , ;
; 3. ; weak

chesterfield [est f ld] n 1. ; 2.

chestful [estf()l] n
chestnote [estnt] n

chestnut [es nt] I n 1.
(. Spanish Sweet );
2. . ; 3. . ; II adj 1. ; 2.
chestofdrawers [est v drz] n











:
()


(r)

chestvoice












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

chestvoice [estvis] n ,

chesty [esti] adj .


chevelure [ vl] n
chevron [evrn] n 1. ;
2. .
chevronwise [evrnwaiz] adv

chevy [evi] I n 1. ; ;
2.
; 3. ; II v
1. ; 2. ; 3.

chew [] I v 1. ; syn. gnaw,


grind, munch; 2. (
on, .); to the cud
; . ; ; II n 1. ;
2.
chewer [] n
chewing gum [i gm] n
chewy [i] adj
chic [ k] . I adj ,
, ; II n
chichi [ ] n
chick [ik] n 1. , ;
2.
chickabiddy [ik bidi] n .
,
chickabidy [ik bidi] n
chickadee [ikd ] n .
( )
chickaree [ikr ] n
chicken [ikin] n 1. ,
; . . , ;
don't count your s before they
are hatched .
; Mother Gary's
. ; 2. . ; she is no

chickenliver [ikin liv] n


chickenpox [ikin pks] n . ,
chickery [ikri] n
chicklet [iklit] n
chickpea [ik p ] n . ,

chill
chickweed [ikw d] n . ;

chicle [ik()l] n ( )

chicory [ikri] n 1. ; 2. a:
salad
chid [id] past p. p. chide
chidden [id()n] p. p. chide
chide [aid] v (chid; chid, chid
den) 1. , ; ; 2. , ( )
chief [ f] I n 1. , ; ; ; ;
of police ;
(the) Commander, Comman
derinChief ;
syn. boss, commander, director, governor, head, leader, manager, principal; 2. (, );
II adj , ;
; good ;
Justice ;
problem ;
wall ; syn.
central, essential, key, leading, main,
major, primary, prime, principal, superior, supreme
chiefly [ fli] I adv , ; syn. especially, for
the most part, generally, mainly, mostly, primarily; II adj ,
chieftain [ ftn] n ;
chieftainry [ ftnri] n
chield [ ld] n
chiffon [ifn] n
chiffonier [ ifni] n ()
chifforobe [ifrb] n
chignon [ nj] n
chilblain [ilblein] n 1. ; 2.
child [aild] n (pl children) 1. ; ; ; , ;
welfare ,
; 's play ; ; the unborn
; to be with
; to throw out

the along with the bath .


; syn. babe, baby, infant, kid, minor, offspring, toddler,
youngster; 2. ; ; fancy's ;
3. .
childbearing [aild beri] n ,
childbed [aildbed] n .
childbirth [aild b:] n 1. ;
2.
childcare [aild ke] n

Childermas [ildms] n .
(28 )
childhood [aild hd] n ; to
be in second ;
syn. adolescence, babyhood, infancy,
youth
childie [aildi] n
childish [aildi] adj 1. ;
sports , ;
syn. young; 2. , ; syn. foolish, frivolous, immature, infantile, silly
childless [ail(d)ls] adj
childlike [aild laik] adj ,
, ,
children [ildrn] pl child
Chilean [ilin] I n ; II adj

chili [ili] n
chiliad [kilid] n 1. ; 2.
Chilian [ilin] = Chilean
chill [il] I n 1. ; to take the
off ; syn. cold, coldness,
coolness, crispness, frigidity; 2. , ; ; s and fever
; to catch a ; 3. ( ); to
cast a ; 4. . ; 5. . ; II adj
1. ; 2. .
; 3. ;
III v 1. ; ; ed to
161











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(r)












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(r)

chilliness












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(r)












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(r)

the bone ;
syn. cool, freeze, refrigerate; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; syn. depress, discourage, dishearten, dismay; 5. .
; ;
6. . ()
chilliness [ilinis] n
chillness [ilnis] n
chillsome [ilsm] adj
chilly1 [ili] I . n .

chilly2 [ili] I adj 1. ;
syn. blowy, brisk, cold, draughty,
fresh; 2. ; I adv 1. ,
; 2. .
chime [aim] I n 1. ; 2. ( pl)
; 3. ; (); 4. ,
; in
; ; II v 1. (, ); 2.
; 3. , (in, with); 4. () (
over);  to in

chimer [im] n
chimera [kaimir] n , ,
chimeric [kaimerik] adj
chimerical [kaimerik()l] adj ,
chimney [imni] n ,
chimneycap [imnikp] n

chimney corner [imni kn] n

chimneypiece [imnip s] n
;
chimney pot [imnipt] n = chim
neycap; . ()
chimneypot [imnipt] n
chimneystack [imnistk] n
;
chimneystalk [imnistk] n ;
162

chiropodist
chimpanzee [ impnz ] n

chin [in] I n ; up to
the . = ; take
things on the ,
; II v 1. . .
, ; 2. to
oneself up .

China [ain] I n .
china [ain] I n , ; to break .
, ; syn. ceramic, porcelain, pottery; II adj ; shop

china clay [ainklei] n ,
chinacloset [ain klzit] n
chinagraph [aingrf] n
Chinaman [ainmn] n 1. ;
2. ,

Chinatown [ain tan] n ( )


chinaware [ainwe] n
chinchilla [inil] n 1. . ; 2.
chinchin [ inin] n . 1. ; 2.
chine1 [ain] n 1. ; ; 2.

chine2 [ain] n
Chinese [ ain z] I n 1. , ; 2. ; II adj
; white
chink1 [ik] I n 1. ,
(, ); 2.
(); 3. . ,
; II v ,
chink2 [ik] n , ,
,
chink3 [ik] n
chinky [iki] n
chino [ n] n

chinologist [ainlist] n - 

chinos [ nz] n 





chinquapin [ikpin] adj 

chinrest [inrest] n
chinstrap [instrp] n -


chintz [ints] n () 

chintzy [intsi] adj

chinwag [in wg] n
:
chip [ip] I n 1. , , ()
; syn. flake, flaw, fragment, 
scrap, scratch; 2. ();
3. (); - (r)
(); ; 4.
, 
; ; 5. -

, ( ); to hand, to

pass in one's s . . - 
; . ; 6. pl ; 
; 7. ,
; 8. pl ; a of the old
block ; to
buy s , - 

; II v 1. , ; 
; 2. ( 
. .); 3. , - :
; ; 4. - ()
( ); 5. - 


(r)
chip basket [ipbaiskit] n
( ,
)
chipboard [ip bd] n 

chipmuck, chipmunk [ip mk,


ip mk] n .
Chippendale [ipndeil] n ( . XVIII .)

chipper [ip] n
chirk [:k] . . I v -

; (up); II adj
,
chirl [:l] v
chirm [:m] n ();
chiropodist [kirpdist] n ,











:
()


(r)

chiropody












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

chiropody [kirpdi] n ;

chirp [:p] I n ; -

II v , ;
III adj . = chirpy
chirper [:p] n
chirpy [:pi] adj . ,
chirr [:] I v 1. ,
( , ); 2. ( ); II n
,
chirrup [irp] I n , ; II v 1. ; 2. . ( )
chisel [iz()l] I n . ; , , ; ; full
. . ; II v 1. ; ( .
.); 2. , ,
, ; 3. . ,
chiselled [iz()ld] adj ;
; features

chiseller [izl] n
chit1 [it] n , ; a
of a girl
chit2 [it] I n ; II v

chitchat [itt] n 1. ;
2.
chitchatty [it ti] adj
chitter [it] v
chive [aiv] n 1. (. pl) , ; 2. ;
chivied [ivid] adj

chivy [ivi] = chevy
chlamys [klmis] n
chloral [klrl] n .
chlorate [klreit] n . ,

chlorella [klrel] n
chloric [klrik] adj . ; acid
chloride [klraid] . I n ,
-

chop
; sodium ;
II adj
chlorine [klr n] I n . ;
II adj 
chloroform [klrfm] I n ; II v
chloroplast [klr plst] n
chlorosis [klrsis] n 1. . , ; 2. . , ()
chlorous [klrs] adj . ; acid
chock [k] I n 1. ; 2. ;
;
;
3. ( );
; 4. . , ; II v ; ; up ,
,
chocolate [klt] I n 1. ;
2. pl ; II adj

chocolaty [kliti] adj
choice [is] I n 1. , ;
; a wide
; take your ;
I have no but ;
syn. alternative, choosing, dilemma,
election, option, selection, variety;
2. ; here is the
of the whole garden ,
; II adj 1. , ; syn. best, excellent,
exclusive, fine, precious, rare, select,
valuable; 2. . ,
; to be of one's
company
choiceful [isf()l] adj
choir [kwai] n
choirboy [kwai bi] adj
choirman [kwaimn] adj
choirmaster [kwai mst] n
chokage [ki] n
choke [k] I v 1. ; syn.
constrict, strangle, suffocate, suppress,

throttle; 2. ( );
( , );
3. . ; ;
4. , ; .
.:  down (); (, . .); in
. . , ; off
; up ;
( ); ; ; II n 1. ;
2. . ; ; 3. . ;
4. ()
chokecherry [k eri] n
chokedamp [kdmp] n
chokefull [kfl] adj
,
choker [k] n
choky1 [ki] adj 1. (. ); 2.
choky2 [ki] n . 1. ; 2. .

choler [kl] n
cholera [klr] n ; Asiatic
, malignant ;
summer
choleraic [ klreiik] adj
choleric [klrik] adj , ;
cholerine [klrin] n
choose [z] v , ; there is little to between
them ; syn. desire, elect, opt for, prefer, select, settle
on, vote for
choose(y) [zi] adj . ,
chop1 [p] I v 1. ; syn. cut,
divide, hew, sever, slice; 2. ;
; 3. ();
4. ; ;  about
; down ; off
; up , ;
II n 1. () ; 2. ; 3. ()
163











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(r)












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(r)

chop












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(r)












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(r)

chop2 [p] n
chop3 [p] I n 1. ; ; 2. ; 3. , ( ); 4. .
; II v 1. , ;
2. ( ); 3. ; 4. ;
to logic ,

chophouse [phas] n , ,
chopin [pin] n
choplogic [p lik] n
chopper [p] n 1. ();
; 2. ; 3. . ; 4. . ; switch

choppy [pi] adj ( );


( )
chopstick [p stik] n ,

chopsuey [ psi] n

choragus [kreigs] n
choral [krl] adj ;
speaking
choral(e) [krl] n
choralist [krlist] adj
chord1 [kd] n 1. ; to strike,
to touch the right ; 2. . (.
cord) ; vocal s
; spinal ; 3.
.
chord2 [kd] n 1. ; 2.

chorda [kd] n (pl dae) .


1. = chord; 2. ,

chordal [kdl] adj


chordate [kdeit] n
chore [] = char
chorea [kri] n .
choree [kr ] n . ,
choreographer [ krigrf] n
164

chromodynamics
choreographic [ krigrfik] adj

choreography [ krigrfi] n

choriamb [krimb] n .

choric [krik] adj


chorine [kr n] n
chorister [krist] n 1. ; ; 2. . ()
chorography [krgrfi] n

chorology [krli] n
chortle [t()l] v ; ;
,
chorus [krs] I n 1. ; in ; syn. choir, ensemble, singers;
2. ; 3. ; II v ,
chose [z] past choose
chosen [z()n] I p. p.
choose; II adj
chou [] n
choucroute [ krt] n
chough [f] n ()
choultry [altri] . n 1. ; 2.
chouse [as] I n . ; II v ;
chow [a] n 1. . ; 2. -
( )
chowchow [aa] n 1. ;
2. ; 3.

chowderhead [adhed] n
chowtime [ataim] n
chrestomathy [krestmi] n
chrisom [krizm] n
Christ [kraist] n ;
christen [krisn] v ;
, ; the ship was
ed Aurora"
"
Christendom [krisndm] n

christening [krisni] I pres. p. 

christen; II n

christer [kraist] n

Christian [krisn] I adj 
; name ( 
); II n , -

Christianity [ kristinti] n -


christianize [krisnaiz] v - 



christless [kraistls] adj - :

()
Christmas [krisms] n 
(. . Xmas); Father -
; box - (r)
; "; syn. Noel, Xmas, Yule 
Christmas Eve [krisms v] n -



Christmas stocking [krisms st- 
ki] n 

christmassy [krismsi] adj -


Christmastide [krismstaid] n 



christmastime [krismstaim] n 

:
Christmas tree [krismstr ] n - ()


chromate [krmeit] n
chromatic [krmtik] adj 1. - (r)
; printing ;
2. . ; scale 



chromaticism [krmtisiz()m] n 


chromatism [krmtiz()m] n 

chromatron [krmtrn] n -


chrome [krm] n 1. = chromium;

2. ;

chromic [krmik] adj . - 
:
; acid
()
chromite [krmait] n
chromium [krmim] n . 

chromodynamics [ krmdain(r)
miks] n

chromolithograph












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

chromolithograph [ krmligrf] n
chromolithography [ krmligrfi] n
chromosome [krm sm] n

chronic [krnik] adj 1. ; ( ); syn.


confirmed, deep-rooted, habitual,
incurable, persistent; 2. ;
; doubts ; 3. . ; some
thing
chronicity [krnisti] n
chronicle [krnik()l] I n ,
; II v 1. ( , ); to small beer
, ; 2.
( );
chronicler [krnikl] n 1. ; 2.
chronographic [ krngrfik] adj

chronography [krngrfi] n
chronologer [krnl] n

chronological

[ krnlik()l]

adj ; syn. historical, ordered, progressive, sequential


chronology [krnli] n 1. ; 2.
chronometer [krnmit] n
chronometry [krnmitri] n
chronopher [krnf] n

chronoscopic [ krnskpik] adj

chrysalis [krislis] n (pl es, ides)


. ()
chrysanthemum [krsnimm] n

chrysostomic [ krisstmik] adj

chub [b] n ()

chutist
chubby [bi] adj ,
; syn. flabby, fleshy,
plump, round, stout
chuck1 [k] I n 1. , ;
2. . , ; jaw .
; II v . ,
chuck2 [k] I n 1.
; 2.: the .
; II v 1. . ,
; 2. . (
. .)
chuck3 [k] I n 1. ;
2. ; II v 1. ;
2. ; III int:
chuck!, chuck! !
chuck4 [k] n . . , ;
hard .
chucker [k] adj
chuckfarthing [k fi] n

chuckhole [khl] n
chuckle1 [k()l] I v 1. ; syn. exult, giggle, laugh;
2. . ; he is chuck
ling at ( over) his success
; II n ;
chuckle2 [k()l] adj ;

chucklehead [k()lhed] n
chucklesome [klsm] adj
chuckstone [kstn] n
chufa [f] n
chuff [f] n
chuffy [fi] adj
chug [g] v ( . .)
chum [m] . I n 1. ;
; 2. (
; .
); new . ; II v 1. (together,
with); 2. ; in, up
(with) 
chummage [mi] n 1.

( , ); 2. ,


chummy [mi] adj .
chump [mp] n
chumpish [mpi] adj
chunk [k] n
chunking [ki] I adj ,
; piece of beef ; II n ;

chunky [ki] adj ;

chunter [nt] v
church [:] n ; of Eng
land, Anglican
; to go to ; syn. abbey, cathedral, chapel,
house of God, house of prayer
churchdom [:dm] n

churchlet [:lit] n
churchman [:mn] n
churchowl [:al] = barn owl
churchtext [:tekst] n .

churchy [:i] adj .


",
churchyard [: jd] n 1. , ; 2. .
churl [:l] n , ,
churlish [:li] adj ;

churn [:n] I n 1. ;
2. ; 3. .
; II v 1. ();
2. ; ; the
wind ed the river to foam

chute [t] n 1. ; ; ; 2. . ;
, ; 3. ; 4. .
chutist [tist] n (. para
chutist) . .
165











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(r)

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(r)












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()


(r)












:
()


(r)

chyle [kail] n . ,

chyme [kaim] n .
,

circularization
cinemaddict [sinm dikt] n

cinemagnate [sin mgneit] n

ciborium [sibrim] n
cicada [sikd] n
cicatrice [siktris] n ,
cicatricule [siktrikjl] n
cicatrix [siktriks] n
cicatrization [ siktraizei()n] n

cinemascope [sinmskp] n -

,
cicerone [ irni] n ,

cider [said] n ,
cigar [sig] n
cigarette [ sigret] n
cigarettecase [ sigretkeis] n

cigaretteholder [ sigrethld] n

cigarholder [sig hld] n


cigarillo [ sigril] n
cigary [sigri] adj
cinch [sin] I n 1. . , ; 2.
; 3. ; ; 4. .
; II v 1. .
; 2. .
( )
cinchona [sikn] n 1.
; ; 2.
cinder [sind] I n 1. , ; 2. ;
; ; to burn to a
; (); II v
,
cinderbox [sindbks] n .

Cinderella [ sindrel] n
cinderpath [sindp] n .

cindery [sindri] adj
cinecamera [sini kmr] n
cinema [sinm] n 1. , , ; syn.
filmhouse, flicks, movies, picturehouse; 2. ; 3.

cinematics [ sinmtiks] n .

166

cinemateque [sinmtek] n

cinematic [ sinmtik] adj

cinematograph [ sinmtgrf] n

cinematographic [ sinmtgrfik] adj


cinematography [ sinmtgrfi] n

cinephile [sinfail] n
cinerama [ sinirm] n
cinerarium [ sinrerim] n (pl
ria)

cinerary [sinrri] adj ;


urn
cinereous [siniris] adj

cinnabar [sinb] n
cinnamon [sinmn] n 1. ;
2. 
cipher [saif] I n 1. ; in ; syn. code; 2. ; a number of three s
; 3. ; 4. ; 5. ; syn.
monogram, symbol; II v 1. , (out); 2.

cipherer [saifer] n
ciphertext [saiftekst] n

ciphony [saifni] n

cipolin [siplin] n
circa [s:k] . prp ,

Circassian [sksin] I adj ; II n 1. ; ;


2.
circle [s:k()l] I n 1. ; ; syn. circuit, circumference,

coil, cycle, disc, globe, orbit, ring,


round, sphere; 2. . ;
( . .); 3. ; of the seasons ; 4. ;
5. . ; 6. ();
syn. band, company, fellowship,
group, society; 7. , ;
8. . ; 9. ; II v
1. ; ;
the Earth s the Sun
; syn.
enclose, encompass, revolve, ring, rotate, surround; 2.
circlet [s:klt] n 1. ;
2. , ; of flowers

circlip [s:klip] n

circuit [s:kit] I n 1. ;
2. ; 3. ,
; 4. (); .
(. court); 5. ,
; 6. , ; 7. . ,
; broken ( open) ; II v
; ;
circuition [ s:kji()n] n
circuitous [s:kjits] adj , ()
circuity [s:kjiti] n

circular [s:kjl] I adj 1. ;


saw
; syn. disc-shaped, ring-shaped,
round; 2. ; motion
; railway
; arc
; 3. ; letter
, ;
II n 1. ; 2. ;
circularity [ s:kjlrti] n











:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)











:
()


circularization [ s:kjlraizei()n]
(r)
n

circularize












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

circularize [s:kjlraiz] v ,

citation
circumferentor [skmf rent] n

circulate [s:kjleit] v 1. -

circumflex [s:km fleks] n -

; ; 2. ();
3. ; 4.
( ); 5. ( ); 6. . =
circularize
circulating [s:kjleiti] I pres. p.
circulate; II adj ; capital ;
decimal ( fraction) ; library ; medi
um .
circulation [ s:kjlei()n] n
circulative [s:kjltiv] adj
circulator [s:kjleit] n ; of infection
circulatory [ s:kjleitri] adj
circum [ s:km-] : ,


( .. ;
)
circumfuse [ s:kmfjz] v
circumfusion [ s:kmfj ()n] n

circumambiency [ s:kmmbinsi]

circumnavigation [ s:kmnvigei()n] n
circumnavigatory [ s:kmnvigeitri] adj
circumnuclear [ s:kmnjkli] adj

circumambient [ s:kmmbint]
adj ( , );

circumambulate [ s:kmmbleit]
v 1. , ; 2. .
(, )

circumambulation [ s:km mbjlei()n] n


circumaviate [ s:kmeivieit] v: to
the earth

circumcise [s:km saiz] v .


circumcision [ s:kmsi n] n .

circumduction [ s:kmdk()n] n

circumference [skmf()rns] n
1. . ; ;
2.

circumgyration [ s:kmairei()n]
n ( );

circumlittoral [ s:kmlitrl] adj

circumlocution [ s:kmlkj()n]
n

circumlocutional
[ s:kmlkj()nl] adj 1. ;
2.
circumlocutory [ s:kmlkjtri]
adj ; ,

circumnavigate [ s:kmnvigeit] v:
to the globe, the earth, the world

circumnutate [ s:kmnjteit] v

circumrotation [ s:kmrtei()n]
n

circumrotatory [ s:kmrteitri]
adj

circumscribe [s:kmskraib] v
1. ; ; to one's power of action

2. .
circumscript [s:kmskript] adj

circumscription [ s:kmskrip()n]
n ,

circumscriptive [ s:kmskriptiv]
adj

circumspection [ s:kmspek()n] 
n , -

;

circumspective [ s:kmspektiv]

adj 1. = circumspect; 2. - 
()
circumstance [s:kmstns] n
1. , ; the
that , ; 2. pl - 

, ; under ( in)

no s , 
; 3. ; ; to :
omit no essential ()
; 
4. pl ; in
easy s (r)
; 5.
circumstantially [ s:kmstn()li]

adv ,

circumvallate [ s:kmvleit] adj 




circumvallation [ s:kmvlei()n] 

n
circumvent [ s:kmvent] v 1. -

, , ; 2.
, ()

circumvention [ s:kmven()n] n 
,

circus [s:ks] n ; . 
circussy [s:ksi] adj :
cirrhosis [srsis] n . ()


cirsoid [s:sid] adj


(r)
cisalpine [sislpain] adj 

cist [sist] n

cistern [sistn] n 1. , ; 
; 2.

cisternal [sist:nl] n 

cistus [sists] n

cit [sit] n

citable [saitb()l] adj 


citadel [sitd()l] n 1. , 
; 2. . ; - :
()
;
citation [saitei()n] n 1. , 

, ; syn. mention,
(r)
passage, quotation, quote, reference;

167

cite












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(r)

2. ; of facts ; 3. . (
); 4. . .
(); to get a

cite [sait] v 1. ; ;
syn. mention, name, quote; 2. ( , . )

cithara [sir] n
cither [si] n
citizen [sitiz()n] n ,
; private ; syn. city-dweller, inhabitant,
resident
citizenhood [sitiz()nhd] n
citizenship [sitiz()nip] n
citole [sitl] n
citrate [saitreit] n

citric [sitrik] adj


citriculture [sitri kl] n
citrine [sitrin] I adj
; II n . ,
citron [sitrn] n ,
( ); colour

citronella [ sitrnel] n
city [siti] n ; centre
; council ; syn. metropolis, municipality,
town
cityscape [siti skeip] n

cityward [siti wd] adv


citywide [siti waid] adj
civic [sivik] adj ; con
sciousness
civicism [sivisiz()m] n
civics [siviks] n ;
civil [siv()l] adj 1. ;
2. (. );
engineer ;
service 168

clammy
; 3. . ; case ;
Law ; list
( );
4. ; ; to
keep a tongue (in one's head)
,
; syn. civilised, courteous,
courtly, obliging, polite, political,
refined, temporal, well-bred, wellmannered
civilian [sivilin] adj ;
population
civility [svilti] n ,
; to exchange civili
ties ;
syn. amiability, attention, courteousness, courtesy, politeness, tact
civilization [ sivlaizei()n] n
1. ; 2.

civilizational

[ sivlaizei()nl]

adj
civilize [sivlaiz] v
civilized [sivlaizd] 1. ; 2. ,
civil rights [siv()l rai] n
civil servant [siv()l s:v()nt] n

,
civil service [siv()l s:vis] n
civil war [siv()l w] n
civism [siviz()m] n
civvies [siviz] n

civ(v)y [sivi] n . 1.
; 2. .
clabber [klb] n
clack [klk] I n 1. , ;
2. ; ; 3. ; II v 1. ; ; , ; 2.
clacker [klk] n

clack valve [klk vlv] n . - 


clad [kld] past p. p. clothe 

cladogenesis [ kldenisis] n



cladogram [kldgrm] n -


claik [kleik] n
claim [kleim] I v 1. ; to 
attention - 

; syn. affirm, challenge, demand,

maintain, request, require, state; :
2. , - ()
,  
; to the victory
; 3. . - (r)
, ; 4. .
; II n 
1. ; syn. affirmation,

call, demand, pretension, request, re
quirement, right; 2. ; ; 
to lay to, to put in a - 


claimant [kleimnt] n 1. -
; ; 2. -

; syn. applicant, petitioner

clairvoyance [klevins] n 1. 
; 2. ; 

:
clairvoyant [klevint] adj - ()
; syn. fortune-teller, oracle, 

prophet, visionary
clam [klm] I n . . 1. - (r)
; 2. .
, ; II v 1. ;
2. , ; 3. .
. ,
;
clamber [klmb] I v ,
( up); ing plant
; II n
clamberer [klmbr] n

clamminess [klmins] n ,
clammy [klmi] adj 1. ,
; 2.
( )











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clamorous












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clamorous [klmrs] adj 1. , ; 2. ,

clamour [klm] I n 1. , ; 2. ; II v

;
;
against ,
; down ()
clamp1 [klmp] I n 1. . ;
, ; ; ; ; 2. (, );
(,
); ( );
II v 1. , ; ; 2.
clamp2 [klmp] I v ;
II n
clampdown [klmp dan] n
clamshell [klmel] n

clan [kln] n , ( ); syn. band, clique, family, fraternity, group, house, sect
clandestine [klndestin] adj , ;
clandestinity [ klndstinti] n
clang [kl] I n , ,
; II v
; to
glasses together ,
; syn. clank, clash, ring
clanger [kl] n
clangor [kl] v
clank [klk] I n , (,
), ; II v
();
clannish [klni] adj 1. ;
2. ,
; 3. . ,
, ( , . .)
clanship [klnip] n 1.
, ; 2. ,
clap [klp] I v 1. , ; syn. acclaim, applaud, cheer,

classable
pat, slap; 2. (, . .); to one on the
back 
; to a hat on one's head
; to one in
prison , ;
to eyes on . , ; II n 1. ;
; 2. ()
clapboard [klpbd] n 1.
();
; 2. .
clapper [klp] n ();

claptrap [klp trp] I n



; II adj ,

claque [klk] n ,
claqueur [klk] n
clarendon [klrndn] n .

claret [klrt] n ;
clarification [ klrfikei()n] n
,
clarifier [klrifai] n
clarify [klarifai] v () ( , ),
( , . .);
; to the disputes
; syn. define, explain, illuminate, purify, throw light on
clarinet [ klrnet] n .
clarinettist [ klrnetist] n
clarion [klrin] n ,
clarionet [ klrinet] = clarinet
clarity [klrti] n 1. , ; 2. ; syn. clearness, comprehensibility, definition,
explicitness, precision, simplicity,
transparency
clart [klt] v
clary [kleri] n .
clash [kl] I v 1. ,
,

(. );
, , ; syn. bang, clang,
crash, jangle, rattle; 2.
( ); 3.
( ); syn. conflict, fight,
quarrel, war; 4. ;
5. ; our lec
tures ;
II n 1. (); (); syn. clatter, collision, conflict,
fight, jangle, noise; 2. ;
of interests ; 3.
clasp [klsp] I n 1. , ; syn. buckle, clip, embrace,
fastener, grasp, grip, hook, hug,
pin; 2. ; ; syn.
embrace, grasp, hug, press, squeeze;
3. . ; II v 1. ; syn. attach, connect, fasten;
2. , ; to in
one's arms ;
to another's hand ; to (one's own)
hands ;
3. ( )
clasp knife [klspnaif] n

clasppin [klsppin] n 1. () ; 2.
class [kls] I n 1.
; the working
; 2. . ; 3. ;
; ; of problems
; 4. ( );
the top of the (
); 5. (); .
(  ); syn. course, lecture; 6. ,
; in a by itself ; it is no . ; II adj ;
III v 1. ; 2. .
( ); 3.
,
classable [klsb()l] adj
169











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class consciousness












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class consciousness [ klsknsns]


n

clear
claudication [ kldikei()n] n

classfellow [kls fel] n -

clause [klz] n 1. , ;

,
classic [klsik] I adj , ; syn. best,
characteristic, established, excellent,
finest, first-rate, ideal, immortal,
lasting, model, standard, typical;
II n 1. ; 2.
; 3. ; 4. pl
classical [klsik()l] adj ; scholar = classic
classicism [klsisiz()m] n 1. ;
; 2. ; ; 3. .

classicist [klsisist] n
classification [ klsifikei()n] n
; syn. arrangement,
categorisation, codification, grading,
sorting
classified [klsi faid] adj .
classifier [klsifai] n
classify [klsi fai] v ; syn. arrange, categorise,
distribute, file, grade, sort, systematise
classless [klsls] adj
classmate [klsmeit] = classfellow
classroom [kls rm] n

classwork [kls w:k] n ,


( )
classy [klsi] adj . , ;
clatter [klt] I n 1. ; (); 2. (); 3. ,
; (); 4. ;
II v 1. ; ; 2. ;
to along ; ( ); to down " ( )

( ); syn. article,
chapter, condition, item, part,
passage, point, section; 2. .
; principal

claustrophilia [ klstrfili] n
claustrophobia [ klstrfbi] n

claustrophobic [ klstrfbik] adj



clavate [kleiveit] adj
clavichord [klvikd] n .
clavicle [klvikl] n .
clavicular [klvikjl] adj .

clavilux [klvilks] n
clavis [kleivis] n
claw [kl] I n 1. ; syn.
nail, tentacle; 2. ;
3. ; 4. . , ,
, ; ; ; II v
1. , , ;
2. (); to hold of
; to off the land .

clay [klei] n ; soil ; pipe
claybank [kleibk] n

clayey [kleii] adj ;


soil
claypan [kleipn] adj

clean [kl n] I adj 1. , ; room ;


syn. immaculate, perfect, pure, purified, spotless, sterilised, unpolluted,
unspotted, unstained, washed; 2. ; 3. , , ; 4. , ; stroke ; to
have hands in the matter

; II v 1. ; syn. cleanse,

170

disinfect, dust, purify, wash, wipe;


2. ; ; ; (); (); III adv 1. , ; I forgot to
ask ;
2. ; 3. ; to hit in
the eye
cleancut [ kl nkt] adj 1.
; features ; 2. , , (a scheme)
cleaner [kl n] n
cleanfingered [ kl nfigd] adj

cleanhanded [ kl nhndid] adj


,
cleaning [kl ni] n , ;

cleanliness [klenlins] n ;
;
cleanly [klenli] I adj ; II adv ;
cleanness [kl nns] n
cleanoff [ kl nf] n
cleansable [klenzb()l] n
cleanse [klenz] v
cleanser [klenz] n
cleanshaven [ kl neiv()n] adj

cleanup [kl np] n . ;

clear [kli] I adj 1. , ;


sky ; syn.
bright, cloudless, light, sunny; 2. ; syn. transparent, unclouded; 3. (. , , .); 4. ;
all ; . ; (
); from suspicion
; of debts ; line .. ( ); 5. ,
; a month ;
6. ,
( , ); 7. ,











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(r)

, ; syn.
apparent, comprehensible, distinct,
evident, lucid, obvious; 8.
( );  to get away ; in
; . ; keep of
pickpockets! !; to see one's way
; II v 1. ();
; ; ( );
2. (, ); 3. , ;
, ; 4. (); great reductions in
order to ; 5.
; 6.
,
; this horse can 5 feet
5 ;
. .: away ; (); ( ,
); off
; ( );
just off at once! !; out ; .
; , ; up
, ; ;
();
( );  to the decks (for
action) .
(. ); to the air
;
; to the
dishes ; to
an obstacle ; to the table
; to the way . ; III adv 1. ;
2. , ( . away, off, through);
three feet 3 ;
bowled
clearance [klirns] n 1. ;
2. ();
; 3. . ; 4. ; 5. (.

cliche
); syn. authorisation, goahead, permission, sanction, the green
light; 6. . ; ; 7. (, ); sale

clearcut [ klikt] adj ; , ; syn. clear,


definite, distinct, precise, specific,
well-defined
clearing [kliri] n 1.
.; of signal ;
2. (),
; 3. .
(
); off
, ; 4.
()
clearinghouse [klirihas] n .

clearly [klili] adv ; ;
; ( )
clearness [klins] n
clearsighted [ klisaitid] adj ,
clearstarch [klist] v
clearway [kli wei] n
cleat [kl t] n , ;
cleavable [kl vb()l] adj
cleavage [kl vi] n 1. ; ; 2. . , ; in regard to
views ;
of society into classes ; 3. .,
. , ;
cleave [kl v] v 1. ();
2. , ( ); 3.
cleaver [kl v] n 1.
; 2.
clef [klef] n . ; treble
; bass

cleft1 [kleft] n ,
cleft2 [kleft] past p. p. cleave
cleg [kleg] n ,

clem [klem] v . 1. ; 

2.
clematis [klemtis] n . - 

,

clemency [klemnsi] n 1. - 
, ; 2. -
( )

clement [klemnt] adj 1. -


, ; 2. 

( )

clench [klen] v: one's fist 

:
clergy [kl:i] n 1. ; ()
syn. clergymen, priesthood, the 
church; 2. = pl clergyman;
twenty were present - (r)
20

cleric [klerik] n ,

clerical [klerik()l] I n . ; II adj 1. ;


2. ; work , ; er
ror ,

clericalism [klerikliz()m] n
clericalist [kleriklist] = clerical
clerk [klk] I n 1. , ; syn. assistant,
official, receptionist; 2. ;
; Chief
,
; II v . ,

clerkship [klkip] n 1.
; 2.

clever [klev] adj , ; ; he is with


his fingers ;
syn. able, brainy, bright, capable,
gifted, ingenious, intelligent, keen,
quick, quick-witted, witty
cleverness [klevns] n 1. ; 2. ; ,

cliche [kl ei] n 1. . ;


2. . ; ;
syn. banality, stereotype, truism
171











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click












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click [klik] n 1. (,
); 2. .
( ); 3. .
( ); 4. . , ; , ; II v
1. ; to the door ; to one's
tongue ; to
one's heels together
; 2. . ;
click beetle [klik b t()l] n .

clicker [klik] n 1. ( ); 2. ()
client [klaint] n 1. ; syn.
buyer, consumer, customer, shopper; 2. ,

clientage [klainti] n ,

clientele [ kl ntel] n
,
cliff [klif] n 1. ; ;
2.
cliffy [klifi] adj
climacteric [klaimktrik] I adj
; ,
; II n , ;

climatal [klaimtl] adj


climate [klaimt] n ; syn.
atmosphere, feeling, mood, temper,
temperature, weather
climatic [klaimtik] adj
climatology [ klaimtli] n
climax [klaimks] I n , ; II v
,
climb [klaim] I v 1. ,
, ; to to pow
er ; syn. ascend, clamber, mount, rise, scale, soar,
top; 2. . ; 3. 172

clock
; 4. ( ); II n
1. , ; 2. .
climbdown [klaimdan] n
climber [klaim] n ,
climbing [klaimi] n ,

clinch [klin] I v 1. , ; 2.
, ; to a
bargain ,
; II n 1. ; ; ; 2. , ;
3. ( )
cling [kli] v ();
(); a ing person ; syn. clasp, fasten,
grasp, hug, stick
clingy [klii] adj ,
clinic [klinik] n ,
clinical [klinik()l] adj ; record
clink1 [klik] I n 1. (
, ); 2. . ; II v , ;
to glasses ,
; to one's money in
one's pocket
; (clink
, clank)
clink2 [klik] n .
clinker [klik] n 1. ,
; 2. ;
3. ; 4.
clinking [kliki] . adj 1. ; 2. . ,

clinkstone [klikstn] n . , ,
clinquant [kliknt] n
clip1 [klip] I n .
; ; ;
; , ; of
cartridges ; II v
, , ;

clip2 [klip] I n 1. ; 2. . 
; 3. ; 4. pl
. ( 

); II v 1. (. );

2. ; ; ; 
; syn. crop, cut, shear,
shorten, trim; 3. .


clipboard [klip bd] n
clipper1 [klip] n 1. , - 

; 2. pl ; 3. . 

:
clipper2 [klip] n 1. (- ()
); 2. - 


clippers [klipz] n , - (r)

clipping [klipi] n 1. ; 2. ; ,
; room ;  to come in time

clique [kl k] n ; syn. circle,


clan, faction, group

cliquey [kl ki] adj 1. ; 2.


clitoris [klitris] n . ,

clivers [klivs] = cleavers


cloaca [kleik] n
cloak [klk] I n 1. ; ;
syn.

coat, cover, mantle, mask;

2. ; of snow
; 3. ; ; under
the of loyalty
; II v 1. ; 2. , ,
; syn. conceal, cover,
disguise, hide, mask
cloakroom [klkrm] n 1. , ; 2. ..
; 3. . .
cloche [kl] n

clock [klk] I n 1. (,
, ); what o'
is it? ?; 2.
; II v
(in)
(out)











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clockcase












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(r)

clockcase [klkkeis] n

clockface [klkfeis] n
clockglass [klkgls] n

clocking [klki] n: hen ,

clocklike [klklaik] adj


clockwise [klk waiz] I adj -

; II adv

clockwork [klk w:k] I n
; like
; II adj 1. ; 2. ; toys
clod [kld] n ,
cloddy [kldi] adj
clodhopper [kld hp] n , ,
clodpoll [kldpl] = clod
clog [klg] I n 1. ; 2. ; II v
(), ()
cloggy [klgi] adj 1. ; 2. ; ; 3. ,
cloghead [klghed] n
cloisonne [klwznei] . n ,
cloister [klist] I n 1. ;
2. . : vault .
; II v 1. ; 2.
( oneself)
cloistered [klistd] adj 1. ; 2. ; 3.
cloisterer [klistr] n
cloistral [klistr()l] adj 1. ; 2. ;
cloistress [klistrs] n
clomp [klmp] v
clonal [klnl] adj
clone [kln] I n . ; II v
.
clop [klp] n

closure
close1 [kls] adj 1. ;
2. , ; 3. ; ; ;
; to keep, to lie
; to keep oneself ; to keep a thing
 ;
4. ; arrest
; 5. ( ); ; contact
; at quarters
(. ); to come to
quarters
; ; to get to
quarters ,
; attack .
; col
umn ; order
; defence .
; syn. adjacent, at
hand, near, neighbouring; 6. .
; friend ;
7. ( );
; ; investi
gation ;
translation ;
reading , ; 8. ( ,
); print ;
9. ; ;
10. ; texture
; 11. ( ); 12. ( );
13. ; he is with his money
; 14. (
);  call .
; contest (
); district . ,
; cropped
-; sea
son ,
; vote
; by a
shave ;
close2 [klz] I v 1. , (, ); -

(); (
. .); to one's days ; syn.
bar, block, cork, lock, shut, complete,
conclude, finish, stop, end; 2. ; 3. . ();
. .: about ; ; down
; in ;
; on ; syn. fuse, join; II n 1. , ; syn. completion,
conclusion, end, ending, finish, stop,
termination; 2. ,
close3 [kls] n
( )
closed [klzd] adj 1. , ; ; circuit
. ; sea ( );
syllable . ;
2. .
close down [klzdan] n
. .
closefisted [ klsfistid] adj
closely [klsli] adv 1. , ;
2. ; to look at smth.

closeness [klsns] n 1. ;
2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5.
closeout [klzat] n
closet [klzit] I n 1. ;
2. () ; 3. ;
bed ; 4. , (. watercloset);
II v
closeup [klsp] n 1. , .
; 2. .
; 3. , ;
4. ; ; 5. ; 6. .
closing [klzi] n 1. ,
; 2. ; ;
3. ; 4. . ;
speech
closure [kl ] I n 1. ;
; 2. .
; II v
173











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clot [klt] I n 1. , ;
2. . (); 3. ; 4. . ;
II v 1. , (
); 2. ; ( )
cloth [kl] n 1. (. ); ; ;
; of gold (silver) () ; syn. fabric,
material, tissue; 2. pl ,
(. ); 3. pl ; , ;
4. ; 5.
; gentlemen of the
clothe [kl] v ; o.s.
; syn. dress, outfit, put
on, wear
clothed [kld] adj
clothes [klz] n pl 1. ,
; syn. clothing, dress, wear;
2. ()
clothes basket [klz bskit] n

clothes horse [klzhs] n

clothes line [klzlain] n

clothes peg [klz peg] n
clothespress [klzpres] n 1. ; 2.

clothier [kli] n 1.
; 2. ;
3.
clothing [kli] n
clotted [kltid] adj ,
; ; cream
;  nonsense

clotty [klti] n
cloud [klad] I n 1. , ;
syn. darkness, fog, gloom, haze;
2. pl ; to drop from the s
. ; 3. , (, . .);
4. ; (.,
); 5. ; under of
174

clumsy
night ; 6. ; II v 1. ()
, ; 2. (); ; ; syn.
darken, dim, overcast, shade, shadow
cloudberry [kladbri] n .
cloudburst [klad b:st] n
cloudcapped [ kladkpt] adj , ( )
clouddrift [kladdrift] n
cloudiness [kladinis] n
cloudland [kladlnd] n
,
cloudless [kladls] adj ,
cloudlet [kladlt] n ,

cloudscape [kladskeip] n
cloudy [kladi] adj ;
(. ); . ( ); syn.
confused, dark, dim, indistinct, obscure, opaque
clough [klf] n
clout [klat] I n 1. , ;
2. . ; 3. . ;
(); II v 1. ; 2. .

clove1 [klv] n (); tree ;
oil of s
clove2 [klv] n

clove3 [klv] past cleave

clovegillyflower [klvili fla]


n .

cloven [klvn] adj


cloven p. p. cleave
clover [klv] n ;  to be,
to live in
clown [klan] I n 1. ; syn. comedian; 2. ; syn. fool, joker;
II v
clownery [klanri] n

clownish [klani] adj 1. ; 2. ;


cloy [kli] v ; too many
sweets the palate

club [klb] I n 1. ; .
; ; syn. bat, stick, truncheon; 2. pl . ;
3. ; syn. association, circle,
company, group, league, society,
union; II v 1. (,
); syn. beat, clout, hit,
strike; 2. , (together, with);
3. .
clubbable [klbb()l] adj ;
clubber [klb] n
clubfoot [ klbft] n ;

clubhouse [klb has] n

clubman [klbmn] n 1. ; 2. . ;
clubwoman [klb wmn] n
cluck [klk] I n , ; II v , ; ing
hen ,
clue [kl] n ; ()
; syn. evidence, hint, idea, indication, sign, suggestion, trace
clump [klmp] I n 1. , ;
; 2. () (); 3. ; 4. ; 5. (); II v
1. ; 2.
; 3.
clumpy [klmpi] adj
clumsiness [klmzins] n
clumsy [klmzi] adj 1. ,
; ; ; syn. awkward, rough,
shapeless, uncouth, ungraceful,











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(r)

clung












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:
()


(r)

unskilful; 2. , ;
3.
clung [kl] past p. p. cling
clunky [klki] adj
cluster [klst] I n 1. , ,
; ; of grapes
; syn. bunch, collection,
knot; 2. ; of specta
tors ; switch
. ; syn.
group; 3. (); 4. , ; II v 1.
, ; syn. bunch;
2. , ; syn. assemble, collect, gather,
group
clutch1 [kl] I v ; ;
to at a straw .
; syn. catch, clasp,
embrace, grab, grasp, seize; II n
1. ; ; 2. pl ; ; 3. . ; ; ; ; ;
to throw in (out) the
() ; disc
clutch2 [kl] I n 1. , ; 2. ;
II v ()
clutter [klt] I n 1. ; syn.
confusion, jumble; 2. ;
; syn. disorder, mess, untidiness;
3. , ; II v 1.
; 2.
co [ k-] pref
, , . .,
.: coordinate ; coauthor
Co [k] . company
coach1 [k] n
coach2 [k] I n 1. ;
2. ; ; syn. instructor, teacher, trainer; II v 1.
; 2. ; 3. , ; syn. drill,
instruct, prepare, train

coastal
coadjuvant [kvnt] adj

coagulant [kgjlnt] n .
,
[kgjlit] v (), ();
coagulation [k gjlei()n] n
,
coak [kk] n
coal [kl] I n ;
; to call, to haul a per
son over the s ;
; to carry s to
Newcastle  ; to heap s of fire on
one's head . 
, ; II v
1. () ; 2.
coalbed [klbed] n

coal black [kl blk] adj



coalcutter [kl kt] n

coaler [kl] n 1. (); 2.


coalesce [ kles] v 1. ;
2. ( )
coalescence [ kles()ns] n ,
coalescent [ klesnt] n
coalface [kl feis] adj
coalfield [kl f ld] n , ;
coalflap [klflp] n

coal gas [klgs] n ,
coalheaver [kl h v] n

coalhole [klhl] n 1.
; 2.

coaling [kli] I pres. p. coal;
II n ,

coagulate

coaling station [kli stei()n] n 

,
coalition [ kli()n] n ; 

(); syn. alliance,

association, bloc, confederation, fed- 
eration, league, union

coalman [klmn] n 1. ;

2. ()
coalmeasures [kl me z] n pl 
. 

; 

:
coalmine [klmain] n ()
,


coalminer [kl main] n


(r)
coalpit [klpit] = coalmine
coalscuttle [kl skt()l] n

coal tar [klt] n ,


coaly [kli] adj 1. , ; 2.

coaptation [ kptei()n] n
coarse [ks] adj ( ); ( , );
manners ; a
skin ; syn. crude, impolite, indelicate, offensive, rough,
rude, uneven, unpolished, unrefined,
vulgar
coarsegrained [ ksgreind] adj
; wood
coarsen [ks()n] v 1. ; 2. ; syn. dull, harden,
roughen
coast [kst] I n 1. ,
; the is clear .
, ;
syn. coastline, seaboard, seaside,
shore; 2. .
; II v 1. ; 2. .
coastal [kst()l] I adj ;
traffic ;
II n
175











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:
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(r)

coaster












:
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:
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:
()


(r)

coaster [kst] n 1.
; 2.
( )

coastguard [kstgd] n ; .
coasting [ksti] n
; trade

coastline [kstlain] n

coastwaiter [kst weit] n ,



coast warning [kst wni] n
.
coastwise [kstwaiz] I adj ; II adv
coat [kt] I n 1. ; 2. ;
and skirt ; syn.
cloak, mackintosh, raincoat; 3. ,
; (); 4. 
; of snow
; of paint
; 5. . , ;
6. . , ; II v
(. ); ; syn. apply, cover, paint,
plaster, spread
coatee [kt ] n
coat hanger [kt h] n
coating [kti] n
coauthor [ k] n
coax [kks] I v 1. , , ; he was ed
into coming here
; 2. ; to
something out of 
(, , );
II n , ,
coaxal [ kksl] adj ,
coaxial [ kksil] = coaxal
cob [kb] I n 1. , ;
2. ( ); ;
3. ; 4. , 176

cockfight
; 5. ; 6. . (.
corn); 7. ; II v
1. , ; 2. ;
3. .
cobalt [kblt] n 1. . ;
2.
cobber [kb] n . .

cobble1 [kb()l] I n 1. ;
2. pl ; II v
()
cobble2 [kb()l] I v ,
(); II n
cobbler [kbl] n
cobblestone [kb()lstn] = cob
ble
cobby [kbi] adj ,
coble [kb()l] n

cobnut [kbnt] n
,
cobra [kbr] n ,

cobswan [kbswn] n 
cobweb [kb web] n ;

coca [kk] n . ( )
cocaine [kkein] n
cocainize [kkeinaiz] v
coccus [kks] n (pl cocci) .

coccyx [kksiks] n .
cochineal [ kin l] n
()
cochlea [kkli] n (pl leae) .
()
cochleare [ kklier ] n .
( ;
. cochle)
cock1 [kk] I n 1. ; of the
wood , ; 2. ( ); we sat till
the second ; 3. ; 4. ;

5. ; 6. (); 
( ); 7. .
; II v ; to (up) 

one's ears ; to

one's eyes y - 
, ; to one's
hat :

to one's nose
cock2 [kk] I n ; II v - 



cockade [kkeid] n

cockadoodledoo [ kkddld] :
n 1. ; 2. , ()

()
cockahoop [ kkhp] adj 1. -
; 2. , - (r)
 (. )

cockalorum [ kklrm] n . 
"", -



cockatiel [ kkt l] n - 


cockatoo [ kkt] n 1. (-
); 2. . .

cockboat [kkbt] n 



cockchafer [kk eif] n . - 
,
:
cockcrow [kkkr] n , ()

,
cocked hat [kktht] n 1. -
(r)
; 2. ,

cocker1 [kk] v , 

(); up , 
; (  in) 
cocker2 [kk] n  
( )

cockerel [kk()rl] n 1. ;

2. ,
cockeye [ kkai] I n .

; II adj ; the pictures 
are hung all 


cockeyed [ kkaid] adj . 1. - :
; 2. ; 3. ; ()

4. ,

cockfight [kk fait] adj (r)


cockhorse












:
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(r)












:
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(r)












:
()


(r)

cockhorse [ kkhs] n 
( )

cockle1 [kk()l] n .

cockle2 [kk()l] I n , ( , ); II v

1. ; 2.
( )

cockloft [kklft] n 1. ;
2.
cockney [kkni] n 1. , (.
); 2. . .

cockpit [kk pit] n ; .


cockroach [kkr] n
cockshot [kkt] n
cock sparrow [kk spr] n 1. ; 2. ,
cocksure [ kk] adj 1. ; I was of ( abo
ut) his horse ,
; 2. ; 3. ( )
cocktail [kkteil] n
( )
cocky [kki] adj ;
;
cockyleeky [ kkil ki] n .
,

coco [kk] n
cocoa [kk] n ; bean

coconut [kknt] n ; fi
bre ; milk

coconut tree [kknt tr ] n
cocoon [kkn] n
coco palm [kkplm] n
cod1 [kd] n (pl .,
cods) (. fish)
cod2 [kd] v . ,
cod3 [kd] n 1. .
; 2. ;

cog
coddle1 [kd()l] I v 1.
( ); ; ; 2. ; II n
coddle2 [kd()l] v 1.
, ;
2. . ()
code [kd] I n 1. . ,
; civil
; criminal
; 2. ; Morse ,
; 3. ,
; II v ,

coder [kd] n
codex [kdeks] n (pl codices) ;

codfish [kdfi] = cod
codger [k] n . ;
codicil [kdisil] n . ( )
codification [ kdifikei()n] n

codify [kdifai] v
codling [kdli] n
codliver oil [ kdlivril] n

coeditor [kedit] n
coeducation [ kedjkei()n] n

coefficient [ kifint] I n 1. ; of efficiency , ;


2. ; II adj

coenobite [s n bait] n , (.


anchoret)
coenoby [s nbi] n
coerce [k:s] v
coercible [k:sb()l] adj 1. , ; 2. ( )
coercion [k:n] n , ; Act, Bill

coercive [k:siv] adj - 


; force . -



coercivity [ k:siviti] n 


coeval [k v()l] I n ;
; II adj -

;
coexist [ kigzist] v - 



coexistence [ kigzistns] n 
; - :

()
coexistent [ kigzistnt] adj - 

coffee [kfi] n ; white (r)


coffee bean [kfib n] n

coffeeberry [kfi beri] = coffee


bean

coffeecup [kfikp] n
()

coffeegrounds [kfigran] n pl

coffee house [kfihas] n


coffeemill [kfimil] n ,

coffeepot [kfi pt] n


coffeeroom [kfirm] n ,

coffee table [kfi teib()l] n











:
()


(r)

coffer [kf] I n 1. ; 2. pl ; 3. - 

. (); 4. .,

. ; ; ; - 
; II v 


cofferdam [kfdm] n , -
, -
; ; -



coffin [kfin] I n 1. ; 2. - 
; II v 
coffin bone [kfinbn] n - :
()


coffle [kfl] n
cog [kg] n 1. ; -
(r)
;2. .
177

cogency












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:
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(r)

cogency [knsi] n

cogeneration [k enrei()n] n

coldshoulder
cognomen [kgnmen] n 1. ; 2.
cognominal [kgnminl] adj

cogent [knt] adj -

cognovit [kgnvit] . n .

; ;
cogitable [kitb()l] adj ,
cogitate [kiteit] v ;

cogitation [ kitei()n] n ;
cogitative [kittiv] adj 1. ; 2. ,
cognac [knjk] n
cognate [kgneit] I adj ; ; ; ;
words ; II n
1. . . ( ); 2. pl ;

cognation [kgnei()n] n 1. .
. ( );
2. .
cognisance [kgniz()ns] n 1. ; to have of 
; to take of ;
2. ; within one's
 ; 3. ; 4. ; ;
cognition [kgni()n] n 1. ;
; 2.
cognitive [kgntiv] adj
cognizance [kgnizns] n 1. ; to have of ; to take of ; 2. ; within one's
 ; 3. ; 4. ; ;
cognizant [kgniznt] adj , 
(of); ,
cognize [kgnaiz] v 1. ,
; 2. .


cogwheel [kgw l] n .

cohabit [khbit] v
cohabitant [khbitnt] n ,
cohabitation [k hbitei()n] n

cohere [khi] v ; .

178

coherence, coherency [khirns,


-si] n 1. , ; ;
2.
;
3.
coherent [khirnt] adj ;

cohesion [kh ()n] n 1. ; ; ;


2.
coign [kin] n .
(); of vantage
,
coil [kil] I v 1. , ; ; 2. , ; II n 1. , ;
( , . .); ; ();
2. .
coin [kin] I n 1. ; .
; to pay a man back in his
own ,
; slot
; 2. . ; II v 1. ();
(); ,
; 2. ,
coinage [kini] n 1. ; 2. ; 3. , ;
word of modem

coincide [ kinsaid] v 1. ; 2. ;
coincidence [kinsid()ns] n
1. ; 2.

coincident [kinsidnt] adj 1. ; 2.


coiner [kin] n 1. (); 2.
coir [ki] n ,

coition [ki()n] n ,

coke [kk] I n ; oven ; II v

cola [kl] n 1. (
, colaseed
colanut ); 2.
colander [klnd] n
cold [kld] I adj 1. ;
colours (, ); snap
; to be ,
; in blood , ; 2. ,
; music leaves him
; 3. ;
comfort ; II n
1. ; 2. ; in the
head ; to catch,
coldblooded [ kldbldid] adj
1. ; , ; 2. .
coldhearted [ kldhtid] adj
,
coldish [kldi] adj ;
coldlivered [ kldlivd] adj ,
coldness [kldns] n 1. ;
2.
coldshort [ kldt] adj ( )
coldshoulder [ kldld] I n ; II v
(. to give
one the )











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:
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(r)

cold storage












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:
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(r)

cold storage [ kldstri] n


cole [kl] n ()
coleopterous [ kliptrs] adj ( )
coleseed [kls d] n .
colic [klik] n ,
Coliseum [ kls m] n
( )
colitis [klaitis] n .
collaborate [klbreit] v 1. ; 2. ( )
collaboration [k lbrei()n] n
; ; to work in with
...
collaborative [klbrtiv] adj

collaborator [klbreit] n
collage [kl ] n
collapsable [klpsb()l] = col
lapsible
collapse [klps] I n 1. , ; ; 2. .
, ; 3. ; 4. . ; ; ; ;
; II v 1. , ; 2. ; , ;
3. ; 4.
( , . .);
5. ;
collapsible [klpsb()l] adj
1. ; ; 2.
collar [kl] I n 1. ; ; eton
; 2. ; 3. ; to slip the ; 4. ; 5. . ,
; ; ; ;
; ; against the
; to work
up to the ,
; II v 1. (.);
2. ; 3. . -

collusion
; ; 4.
( . .)
collarbone [klbn] n .

collaret(te) [ klret] n

collate [kleit] v ,
collateral [kltrl] adj ,
collation [klei()n] n 1. , ; 2. ;
colleague [kl g] n ,

collect [klekt] I v 1. ;
; 2. , ; 3.
; ; to
one's thoughts ; 4. , ;
II n ( )
collected [klektid] adj ;
collection [klek()n] n ;
collective [klektiv] I adj ; ; agree
ment ;
noun .
; opinion
; syn. combined, common,
cooperative, corporate, cumulative,
joint, shared, united; II n ;
syn. corporation, gathering, group
collective farm [k lektivfm] n

collectivism [klekti viz()m] n

collectivity [ klektivti] n
collector [klekt] n ;
();
college [kli] n 1. ;
; 2. ; 3. . ; 4. (,
. .); 5.
; 6. .

colleger [kli] = collegian


collegian [kl in] n 1. ; 2. ( ) ; 3. .
( )

collegiate [kl it] I adj 1. ;


;
2. ; II n

collegium [kl im] n


collet [klit] n
collide [klaid] v 1. ;
syn. bump, clash, crash; 2.
; syn. confront
collie [kli] n ,

collier [kli] n
colliery [kljri] n
colligate [kligeit] v ,
()
collision [kli ()n] n 1. ; 2. ,
()
collocate [klkeit] v ;

collocation [ klkei()n] n 1. ; ; 2. .

collocutor [klkjt] n
collodion [kldin] n
colloid [klid] I n ; II adj

colloidal [klid()l] adj


collop [klp] n ,

colloquial [klkwil] adj ; ( ,


, ); syn. everyday, familiar, idiomatic, informal, non-technical
colloquialism [klkwi liz()m] n
, ,
colloquium [klkwim] n
colloquy [klkwi] I n ,
; II v . ( )
collusion [kl ()n] n ,

179











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collywobbles












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:
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(r)



collywobbles [kli wblz] n pl
.
cologne [kln] n
colon1 [kln] n
colon2 [kln] n .

colonel [k:n()l] n ; .
. ; comman
dant ; ColonelinChief

colonelcy [k:n()lsi] n ,
colonial [klnil] I adj ; Colonial Office . ; architec
ture (furniture) .
() ,
(1776 .); II n 1. ;
2. .

colonialism [klniliz()m] n
colonialist [klnilist] n
colonic [klnik] adj
colonise [klnaiz] v , ( );
(); syn. people, populate,
settle
colonist [klnist] n ,
colonization [ klnaizei()n] n

colonizer [klnaiz] n 1. ; 2. ; 3. . .
,

colonnade [ klneid] n 1. ; 2. ()
colony [klni] n ; syn.
dependency, possession, settlement
colophon [klfn] n .
1. ; 2. ( )
180

columnist
colophony [klfni] n
color [kl] . = colour
coloration [ klrei()n] n 1. ; 2. , ,

colorific [ klrifik] adj 1. ; 2. ; 3.


( )

colossal [kls()l] adj 1. , , ; syn. enormous, gigantic,


huge, immense, massive, vast; 2. .

colossus [klss] n (pl colossi)

colour [kl] I n 1. ; ;
primary s ; sec
ondary s ; in
one's true ;
syn. coloration, complexion, dye,
shade, tint, tone; 2. ; , ; ;
to paint in bright s ; to paint in true
s ; syn.
paint, water-colour; 3. ; to
change ; ;
4. ; local ; 5. ; under of
; 6. ,
; 7. ; II v
1. , ; syn.
dye, paint, stain, tint; 2. ; ; the facts were
improperly ed ; 3. ,
; 4. ,
( , )
colourable [klrb()l] adj ; ; imi
tation
colourant [klrnt] n
colouration [ klrei()n] = col
oration
colourblind [kl blaind] adj
;

colourblindness [kl blaindns] n


,

colourbox [klbks] n 

coloured [kld] adj ; 



pencil ;

people

colourful [klf()l] adj
colouring [klri] n 1.
; 2. ; ;
3. (), 
() - 

; 4. (, . .)

colourless [klls] adj - :
, (. .); syn. ()
dreary, dull, faded, neutral, pale, plain, 

washed out
colourprinting [kl printi] n (r)
,
colportage [kl pti] n

colt [klt] I n 1. ; .
, ; 2. .
; 3. . ; II v
coltish [klti] adj ,

coltsfoot [klft] n . 

columbarium [ klmberim] n
1. (
); 2.
columbine
[klmbain] I
n
1. (Columbine) ; 2. .
; II adj
column [klm] n 1. ., . ; syn. pillar, post; 2. ;
of smoke ; ;
3. (. ); ;
newspaper ; in
our s ;
4. . , ,
( )
columnar [klmn] adj 1. ; 2. . ;
3. ;
4. ;
5.
columned [klmd] = columnar
columnist [klmnist] n . ; syn. critic, editor, reviewer











:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

colza












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

colza [klz] n . 1. ; 2.

colzaoil [klz il] n

coma1 [km] n . ( )

coma2 [km] n .

comatose [kmts] adj .

comb [km] n 1. ;
2.
combat [kmbt] I n , ; arm ; company
. ; ; liaison ; single ; ; suit . .
; syn. action, battle,
clash, conflict, contest, fight, struggle,
war, warfare; II v ,  (
against, with); 
(for); syn. battle, contend,
contest, fight, oppose, strive, struggle
combatant [kmbtnt] I adj ; ; forces
; ; officer
; value ; II n 1. ; 2.
; 3.
combative [kmbtiv] adj ;
;
combativity [ kmbtivti] n
comber [km] n 1. . ; 2. ; 3.
combinability [ kmbinbilti] n

combination [ kmbinei()n] n
1. , ; ; lock ;
of forces . ;
in , ; syn. blend, combine, composition, connection, mix, mixture, union;
2. pl (); 3. ; 4. ,
(, . .); laws

come
, ( )
combinative [kmbintiv] adj
;
; sound change

combine [kmbain] I v 1. (); syn. bind, blend, bond,
compound, connect, incorporate,
join, link, mix, unite; 2. , ; ();
II n 1. .. ; 2. ;
; 3. .
(. )
combustibility [km bstbilti] n
,
combustible [kmbstb()l] I adj
, ; II n
;
combustion [kmbs()n] n ; ; internal
engine
combustor [kmbst] n

come [km] v (came; come)


1. , ; , ; syn. advance,
appear, approach, arrive, draw near,
enter, move, reach; 2. ,
, ; how did
it that...? ,
...?; what may ; 3. , (.
become); butter will not
; things will
right ,
; 4. , ;
; the bill s to
500 roubles
500 ; 5. , ; 6.
; he s the great man
;
7. imp. ,
,
; , tell me all you know
about it , ,
; , , be not so

hasty! , , ; . . abo
ut , ;
( ); across
() , ; after ; again
; . .
; along ; ( along! !); ; asunder
; at ; , ; just
let me at him
; away ;
; the handle came
away in my hand
; back
; ,
; ; . ; . ,
; by
; , ; . ; down ; ;
; , ;
( );
( ); .
. ; down upon (); ; down
with: down with your money!
!; for
; ; forward
; ; ; from ,
; ;
that s from your carelessness
;
in ; ;
( ); ;
; . ; ; to in useful ; ; where do I in?
. ?; ?;
into: to into one's own ; to into force
; to into notice
; to into
play ; to into
position . ; to
181











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(r)

comeandgo












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:
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(r)












:
()


(r)

into sight ; of ; what will of him?


?; off ; (. );
; ; ; . ; all came
off satisfactorily ; to off with honour
; he came off a
loser ;
on ( ); ;
; ; , ; , ; ( );
( ); on!
!, !, !
(. ); out
; ( ,
, ); ; ( ,
); ; out with
( , ); ; over , ;
; ; , ; a fear
came over me
; round ; ( , ); ; , ; a friend came
round last night
; I hope things will
round , ;
short ;
; ;
to ; , ; to to bat . . , ; to to blows
; to easy
to ; to
to hand ( ); to to harm ;
to to a head ;
; to to life ; ; to to light ; to to nothing
, 182

coming
; to to oneself ; to to stay , (it has come
to stay ); to to the
wrong shop .
; it came to my knowl
edge ; true ;
up ; ;
(.
, , ,
); ; to up for dis
cussion ; up to ;
, ; up with
; upon ,
;
; 
;  to natural
; to (.
which is to ) ; ,
; in days to ; pleasure to
comeandgo [ kmng] n
comeatable [ kmtbl] adj .

comeback [km bk] n 1. .


( , . .); 2. . ;
3.
;
4.
come by chance [km bai ns] n
. ;
; "
comedian [km din] n 1.
; 2. ; low

comedienne [k m dien] n
comedietta [k m diet] n
comedo [kmid] n (pl ones, os)
.
comedown [kmdan] n 1. ; 2. ; 3.
comedy [kmdi] n 1. ;
syn. farce, fun, hilarity, humour, jok-

ing, witticisms; 2. ,
comeliness [kmlins] n
comely [kmli] adj ;

comeoff [kmf] n 1.
; 2. , ,

comer [km] n ; first


; against all
s ; for
all s
comet [kmit] n
comfort [kmft] I n 1. ,
; 2. ; ;
syn. cheer, consolation, encouragement, help, relief, satisfaction,
support; 3. , ; II v , ; syn. cheer,
console, ease, encourage, hearten,
relieve, soothe
comfortable [kmftb()l] adj
, ; he makes a
living ;
syn. agreeable, convenient, cosy, easy,
pleasant, relaxing
comforter [kmft] n 1. ; 2. ;
; 3.
comfortless [kmftls] adj 1. , ; 2.
comic [kmik] I adj 1. ;
; ; syn.
funny, humorous, joking; 2. ; II n 1. ;
2. . .=comedian; 3.
comical [kmik()l] adj ,
, ; ;
syn. amusing, comic, funny, humorous, laughable
comicality [ kmiklti] n 1. ; ; 2. 

comic strip [kmik strip] n


coming [kmi] I n , , ; syn. advent, approach, arrival; II adj ,











:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

comingin












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

comminution

; a author ; syn. approaching, future, imminent, near, next, rising


comingin [ kmiin] n ()
comingout [ kmiat] n
()
comity [kmiti] n ; of
nations

comma [km] n ; inverted
s
command [kmnd] I v 1. ; 2. , ; to oneself ;
syn. control, direct, govern, head,
instruct, lead, manage, order, rule,
supervise; 3. ; to
the seas ; 4. . ; 5. (to respect);
6. ,
; to the services
of ; yours
to ; 7. ;
, ; II n 1. -,
; syn. commandment, decree,
direction, instruction, order; 2. ; under of
; at ;
3. , (
) ; ; Fighter
; 4. ; ;
syn. authority, control, leadership,
mastery, power
commandant [kmndnt] n 1. (. );
2.
commandeer [ kmndi] v
commander [kmnd] n ,

commando [kmnd] n .
1.  ;
2. 

commandinchief [k mndin f]

commensuration [k menrei()n]

commanding [kmndi] adj ; officer ;


a tone
commandment [kmndmnt] n
1. ; 2.

commemorable [kmemrb()l]
adj

commemorate [kmemreit] v ;

commemoration [k memrei()n]
n 1. (); Commemoration
(Day) ,

.; 2. .

commemorative [kmem()rtiv]
adj ,
[kmens] v (); syn. begin, initiate, open,
start
commencement [kmensmnt] n
1. ; 2.
, ;
( . )
commend [kmend] v 1. ;
; 2. ,

commendable [kmendb()l] adj


,
commendation [ kmendei()n] n
1. ; . .
; 2.
commendatory [kmendtri] adj

commence

commensurability [k menrbilti]
n

commensurable [kmenrb()l]
adj 1. ; 2.

commensurate [kmenrt] adj


;
n

comment [kment] I n 1. , ; syn. annotation,


commentary; 2. , ; syn. explanation, footnote, note, remark; II v

; ; syn. annotate, explain, interpret, note,


observe, remark, say
commentary [kmntri] n ; syn. analysis, critique,
description, notes, review
commentate [kmnteit] v
commentation [ kmntei()n] n
1. ;
(); 2.
commentator
[kmnteit] n
1. (); syn. annotator, critic, reporter; 2.
commerce [km:s] n 1. ()
, ; home
; syn. business, dealing(s), merchandising, trade;
2. ; to have no with
...
commercial [km:()l] I adj , ; aviation
; law
; traveller ; treaty ; syn. business, monetary,
profitable, profit-making, saleable,
trading; II n
commercialism [km: liz()m] n

commerciality [k m:ilti] n











:
()


(r)











:
()


[k m:lai- (r)

commercialization
zei()n] n
commercialize [km:laiz] v - 

;



commercialized [km:laizd] adj 


comminate [kmineit] v
commination [ kminei()n] n


comminatory [kmintri] adj 


comminute [kminjt] v 1. , 
; 2. - :
, ()

()

comminution [ kminj()n] n
(r)
,

183

comminutor












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

comminutor [kminjt] n

commiserate [kmizreit] v ,
commiseration [k mizrei()n] n
;
commissar [ kmis] n
commissariat [ kmiserit] n
1. ; 2. ;
3.
commissary [kmisri] n 1. ; ; 2. ; 3. .
commission [kmi()n] I n 1. ; ; I cannot
go beyond my ; 2. ; syn. board, committee,
delegation; 3. ; 4. ;
; 5.
 ( . ); the of murder
; II v 1.
; 2. ;
3. ; (. )
commissionaire [k mine] n

commissioned [kmi()nd] adj


1. , ; 2. ; officer
,
( )
( ); 3. ( )
commissioner [kmin] n 1.
; 2. , ; High Commission
er
commit [kmit] v 1. , ; 2. (
); 3. ; to to
flames ; to one
for trial  ;
to to prison 184

commune
; 4. ( ); to suicide

commitment [kmitmnt] n ; to a cause ; syn. duty, engagement,
guarantee, liability, obligation, pledge,
promise, responsibility, vow, word
committal [kmitl] n 1. = commit
ment; 2.
committed [kmitid] adj
committee [kmiti] n 1. ;
; syn. advisory group,
board, commission, council, jury;
2. .
commode [kmd] n 1. ;
2. ( )
commodious [kmdis] adj
1. ; 2. .
commodity [kmdti] n ,
; produc
tion ; value
of
commodore [kmd] n . ,
common [kmn] adj 1. ;
by consent ;
in ; factor .
; multiple .
; syn. daily,
everyday, general, plain, simple;
2. ; ;
syn. public; 3. , ; syn. standard, usual, widespread; the man
; soldier . ;
a man of no abilities
; out
of the ,
; 4. ,
; ; syn.
coarse, ill-bred, low; 5. ,
;
6.
; syn. vulgar; manners

commoner [kmn] n 1.
(. );
2. ; 3.

commonly [kmnli] adv , 


; held view -



commonness
[kmnns]
n

1. , ; 2. - 
( ,
vulgarity)

commonplace [kmnpleis] I n
, ; II adj 

; syn. common, custom
ary, everyday, ordinary, uninteresting,

wide-spread, worn out
:
commonplace book [kmnpleis ()
bk] n , 

commonroom [kmnrm] n - (r)


( ; . senior ); junior

commons [kmns] n pl 1. (the
Commons) (.
House of Commons); 2.
; 3. , ; short

common sense [kmn sens] n

commonweal [kmnw l] n 1. ; 2. . = common
wealth
commonwealth [kmnwel] n , ; , ; for the good of the
; the Common
wealth of England . (16491660 .)
commotion [km()n] n , ; civil ;
syn. agitation, bustle, disorder, disturbance, ferment, fuss, riot, toss, turmoil
communal [kmjn()l] adj ; , , ; kitchen
; 
; syn. collective, common,
general, public, shared
communality [ kmjnlti] n
commune [kmjn] I n 1. ;
2. ; II v ,











:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

communicant












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

compare

communicant [kmjniknt] I n
1. ; 2. .

; II adj .
communicate [kmjnikeit] v
1. ; (to); syn.
announce, contact, convey, correspond, declare, inform, report;
2. (with);
(by); (
. .)

communication [k mjnikei()n]
n 1. ; ;
; to be in with someone
; syn.
connection, contact, conversation,
correspondence, information, message; 2. ( , ,
. .); service ; pl
;

communicative

[kmjniktiv]

adj , ;
syn. chatty, friendly, informative, sociable, talkative, unreserved, voluble
communicator [kmjnikeit] n
1. . , ; 2. .
communion [kmjnin] n 1. ; ; 2.
; 3. (Communion) .

communique [kmjnikei] n ;
communism [kmj niz()m] n

communist [kmjnist] I n ; II adj


communistic [ kmjnistik] adj

communitarian [ kmjniterin]
n

community [kmjnti] n 1. , ; 2. , ; 3. ; of goods


; 4. ;

5. (the ) ; syn. association, company, fellowship, fraternity,


people, population, public, residents,
society, state
commutable [kmjtb()l] adj
commutation [ kmjtei()n] n
1. ; 2. .
commutative [kmjttiv] adj

commutativity [ kmjttivti] n

commutator [kmjteit] n 1. .
; ;
; 2. .

commute [kmjt] v ; .
()
commuter [kmjt] n . ,
comp [kmp] n
compact1 [kmpkt] n ,
compact2 [kmpkt] I adj ; ; (.
); , ;
II v , ; syn.
brief, close, compressed, concise, condensed, dense, firm, thick; III n
compact disc [kmpkt disk] n


compact disc player [kmpkt


disk plei] n 

compaction

[kmpk()n]

compactness [kmpktns] n

companion [kmpnjn] I n 1. ; syn. accomplice; 2. ; (


. .); 3. , ; syn. aide, assistant, associate,
colleague, fellow, friend, mate,
partner; in crime
; 4. ;
a poor -

; 5. (
); 6. , ; portrait
; II v ;
,

companionable [kmpnjnb()l]
adj ; syn. amiable,
approachable, conversable, friendly,
gregarious, informal, outgoing, sociable
companionate [kmpninit] adj

companionladder [kmpnjn ld] n .


companionship [kmpnjnip] n
1. , , ; 2.
,











:
()


(r)

companionway [kmpnjnwei] =
companionladder

company [kmpni] n 1. ;
; to bear, to keep
, ; . ; to part
(with) , () syn. assembly, community,
crew, crowd, ensemble, gathering,
group, party; 2. . , ; syn. association,
business, concern, corporation, firm,
partnership; 3. ; to receive a
great deal of
; 4. ; he is poor
(good) () ; 5. ,
; 6.
(); 7. .
comparable [kmp()rb()l] adj
1. ; syn. alike, analogous, correspondent, equivalent, similar; 2. ; syn. corresponding, parallel, related
comparative [kmprtiv] I adj
; ;
II n .
comparatively [kmprtivli] adv
;
compare [kmpe] I v 1. , (with); syn. contrast,
correlate, equate, juxtapose; 2. 185











:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

comparison












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

, ; ; syn. match, parallel, resemble; 3. (to); 4. .


;
 to notes , ; II n ; beyond , past , without

comparison [kmpris()n] n
1. ; beyond
; in with ; to bear, to stand
with ;
there is no between ;
2.
compartment [kmptmnt] n
1. ; ; watertight
. ;
to live in watertight s .

; syn. booth, box, carriage,
cell, chamber, cubicle, department,
division, section, subdivision; 2. ; ceiling .

compartmentalization [ kmpt mentlaizei()n] n


compass [kmps] I n 1. ; : window . ; 2. , ;
; voice of great
; 3. ; (); within the
of a lifetime ; to keep one's
desires within
; 4. ; ;
5. pl ; II adj ;
; III v 1. , (to one's
purpose); 2. (  )
compassable [kmpsb()l] adj

compassion [kmp()n] n , ; to have, to


take (up) on ;
; syn. commiseration, concern, condolence, humanity,
186

compilation
mercy, sympathy, tenderness, understanding
compassionate [kmpnit] I adj
, ;
discharge on grounds .
; II v
compatibility [km ptbilti] n

compatible [kmptb()l] adj


(with); syn. adaptable, agreeable, conformable, congruous, harmonious, like-minded,
suitable
compatriot [kmptrit] n
compeer [kmpi] n ;
compel [kmpel] v 1. ,
; to silence ; syn. coerce, enforce, force, impel, make, oblige,
pressurise, urge; 2. ; to
attention
compelling [kmpeli] adj , ; force

compendious [kmpendis] adj
,
compendium [kmpendim] n
,
(); ,
compensable [kmpensb()l] adj

compensate [kmpenseit] v ; syn. counterbalance,


recompense, redeem, refund, reimburse, remunerate, repay, restore,
reward, satisfy
compensation [ kmpensei()n] n
; . ,
; pay
; syn. amends, consolation, payment, recompense, refund,
reimbursement, remuneration, repayment, restoration, return, reward, satisfaction

compensational [ kmpnseinl]
adj

compensative [kmpenstiv] adj 


, ,
, 

compensator [kmpnseit] n 


compere [kmpe] n
compete [kmp t] v ,
;

(  with,  
for); syn. challenge, contend, con- 

test, fight, oppose, rival, struggle

competence, competency [kmpi- :
tns, -si] n 1. , - ()
,  
; 2. ,
; 3. . (r)
,
;
4.
competent [kmpitnt] adj 1. ; syn. able, adequate,
clever, efficient, fit, masterly,
proficient, qualified, satisfactory,
trained, well-qualified; 2. . ; ; ; 3. ; 4. ; ; majo
rity
competition [ kmpti()n] n
1. ; syn. challenge,
competitiveness, opposition, rivalry,
struggle; 2. ; chess
; 3. ; syn. championship, contest,
event, tournament; 4. ;
competitioner [ kmpti()n] n
1. ; 2. ,

competitive [kmpettiv] adj
competitiveness [kmpetitivns] n

competitor [kmpetit] n ; ; syn. antagonist,


challenger, contestant, entrant, opponent, opposition
compilation [ kmpilei()n] n
;
;
syn. accumulation, anthology, collec-











:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

compile












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

tion, composition, selection, thesaurus, work


compile [kmpail] v , ; ; a vol
ume ; syn. accumulate, amass, assemble, collect, compose, gather
compiler [kmpail] n 1. ; 2.
complacency [kmpleis()nsi] n
1. ; ;
syn. content, pride, satisfaction, selfcontent, self-satisfaction; 2.
complacent [kmpleis()nt] adj
1. , ; 2.
complain [kmplein] v 1.
; 2. (
); syn. deplore, fuss, groan,
growl, grumble, moan, whine; 3.
complainant [kmpleinnt] n
complaint [kmpleint] n ; make a ;
syn. accusation, annoyance, criticism, dissatisfaction, grievance, grumble, moan
complaisance [kmpleiz()ns] n
; ; ;
complaisant [kmpleiz()nt] adj
; ; ;
compleat [kmpl t] adj
complement [kmplimnt] I n
1. (. .); of
an angle . ; 2. ; 3.
;
; II v
,
;

complementarity [ kmplimentriti] n
complementary [ kmplimentri]
adj , ;
angles . ,
90

compo
complete [kmpl t] I adj ;
; he is a failure
; works
; syn.
absolute, all, entire, full, perfect,
thorough, total, accomplished, concluded, done, finished,unabbreviated, unabridged, undivided, unedited,
whole; II v , ;
; to an agreement
; syn. accomplish, achieve, close, conclude, end,
finish, fulfil, realise, terminate
completely [kmpl tli] adv , , ,

completeness [kmpl tns] n ; ,


completion [kmpl ()n] n 1. , ; ; 2. ,
completive [kmpl tiv] adj ,
complex [kmpleks] I adj 1. , , ;
machinery ;
number . ; sentence .
; syn. complicated,
composite, compound, elaborate,
intricate, mixed, multiple; 2. , ; ; II n
; syn. establishment,
network, organisation, structure,
synthesis, system
complexation [ kmpleksei()n] n

complexify [kmpleksifai] v
complexion [kmplek()n] n
1. ( .
); 2. ; ; to put a dif
ferent on the matter
complexity
[kmpleksti]
n
1. ; ; syn.
complication, diversity, elaboration,
intricacy, multiplicity, variation, variety; 2.

compliance [kmplains] n - 

,
compliant [kmplaint] adj 1. - 

, ; 2. 


complicacy [kmpliksi] = com
plexity

complicate [kmplikeit] v 1. -
; to matters 
; syn. confuse, elaborate, entan- 

gle, mix up, muddle; 2.

complicated [kmplikeitid] adj :
1. ; 2.
()
complication [ kmplikei()n] n 
1. , ; syn.
complexity, confusion, difficulty, elab- (r)
oration, mixture, obstacle, problem,
web; 2. .
complicit [kmplisit] adj
complicity [kmplisti] n ( . .)
compliment [kmplimnt] I n
1. , ; ; to pay a ; 2. pl ; ,
; s of the season , ( );
give him my s
( ); with s ( ); II v
1. , ;
2. 

complimentary [ kmplimentri]
adj 1. ; 2. ; to be about a person's
work 
;  ticket ( . .)
compline [kmplin] n (. pl)
( )
complot [kmplt] n
comply [kmplai] v 1. ;
; syn. accede, agree,
assent, consent, fulfil, oblige, perform, respect, satisfy; 2. (); 3.

compo [kmp] n
187











:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

component












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

component [kmpnnt] I n
1. ; , ; syn. constituent,
element, ingredient, item, part, unit;
2. . , ; II adj ; ,
comport [kmpt] v
(with );
comportment [kmptmnt] n ,
compose [kmpz] v 1. ; ; ;
; to a picture ;
syn. create, invent, make, produce,
write; 2. (); 3. ; to oneself ; to one's thoughts
; syn. calm, quiet, soothe,
still; 4. .
composed [kmpzd] I p. p.
compose; II adj , ; syn. calm, complacent,
confident, cool, placid, relaxed, selfpossessed, unworried
composer [kmpz] n ; syn. author, creator, songwriter
composing [kmpzi] adj ;
.; medicine

composite [kmpzit] I adj 1. ; ; carriage


.. ; style .
; syn. blended,
combined, complex, compound,
mixed, patchwork, synthesised; 2. .
; II n 1. ; 
; 2. .

composition [ kmpzi()n] n
1. ; 2. ,
( ); 3. ; 4. ;
5. ();
; , , ;
of forces . ;
6. , ; 7. 188

compromise
; ; ,

compositionmetal [kmpzi()n met()l] n ;

compositive [kmpzitiv] adj

compositor [kmpzit] n

compos mentis [ kmpsmentis]


adj . .
;
compossible [kmpsb()l] adj

compost [kmpst] I n ,
; II v
,
composure [kmp ] n ; ; ;
syn. assurance, calm, confidence,
coolness, dignity, placidity, self-assurance, self-possession
compote [kmpt] n
compound1 [kmpand] I adj
1. ; ; .
; addition
(subtraction) () ; inter
est ; syn. complex, complicated, composite, mixed;
2. . ; engine ;  householder
, ,
; wound ;
II n 1. ; , ;
syn. blend, combination, composition, mixture, synthesis; 2.
; III v 1. , ; ; syn. blend,
combine, compose, mingle, mix, synthesise, unite; 2. ();
( ); ; to a felony

compound2 [kmpand] n , -


(. ) , ,
comprehend
[ kmprihend] v
1. , ; syn. comprise, conceive, embrace, perceive, realise, see, understand; 2. ,

comprehensibility [ kmprihensbilti] n
comprehensible [ kmprihensb()l] adj , ;
syn. clear, coherent, intelligible,
plain, simple, straightforward, understandable

comprehension [ kmprihen()n]











:
()


(r)

n ,

comprehensive
[ kmprihensiv] 
adj 1. ; ;

, ;

syn. all-embracing, all-inclusive, 
broad, complete, exhaustive, exten- 
sive, full, general, inclusive, thorough,

wide; 2.
comprehensive school [ kmpri-
hensiv skl] n - 



compress [kmpres] I v ; 
, II n
:
compressed [kmprest] I p. p. ()

compress; II adj
compression [kmpre()n] n -
(r)
, ; .
compressor [kmpres] n .

comprise [kmpraiz] v ,
; , , ; this dictionary
s about 60 000 words
60 ; syn.
consist of, contain, embody, encompass, include, incorporate
compromise [kmprmaiz] I n
; syn. accord, agreement, bargain, concession, cooperation; II v 1. ; syn. agree, bargain, concede,
make concessions, negotiate, retreat;
2. ;











:
()


(r)

compromiser












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

,
. .)

compromiser

concept
(

[kmprmaiz]

comptometer

[ kmptmit]

comptroller [kntrl] = con


troller

compulsion [kmpl()n] n ; under ( upon)

compulsive [kmplsiv] adj

compulsory [kmplsri] adj ; ; ed


ucation ;
measures ; (military) service
; syn. binding, forced,
imperative, obligatory, required
compunction [kmpk()n] n ; ;
compunctious [kmpks] adj
1. ; 2.
()
computable [kmpjtb()l] adj

computation [ kmpjtei()n] n
, ;

computational [ kmpjtei()nl]
adj

compute [kmpjt] I v ,
, ,
; II n . ;
beyond
computer [kmpjt] n ; syn. adding machine, calculator, data processor, digital computer, processor, word processor,
notebook
computer game [kmpjt geim] n

computerization [km pjtraizei()n] n


computerlike [kmpjtlaik] adj

computer programmer [km pjt


prgrm] n
comrade [kmreid] n

comradeinarms [ kmreidinmz]
, ,

comradeship [kmreidip] n
con1 [kn] v ;

con2 [kn] v ,
con3 [kn] n (. . con
tra): the pros and s

concatenate [knktneit] v ,
concatenation [kn ktnei()n] n
1. (, );
(); of
circumstances ; 2. . ; ,
concave [knkeiv] adj
concavity [ knkvti] n
,

concavoconvex [kn keivknveks]


adj 

conceal [kns l] v 1. ;
, ; 2. ; ; syn. cloak, cover, disguise, hide, keep dark, mask, shelter,
veil
concealment
[kns lmnt]
n
1. , , ; ; 2.

concede [kns d] v 1. ;
2.

(,
); 3.
conceit [kns t] n ; ; ; to be
full of
; to be out of with
; syn.
arrogance, complacency, pride, selfconceit, self-importance, self-satisfaction, vanity
conceited [kns tid] adj ;
conceivable [kns vb()l] adj
, ; -

; syn. believable, credible, imaginable, likely, possible, probable,


thinkable
conceivably [kns vb()li] adv

conceive [kns v] v 1. ,
; ; syn.
apprehend, believe, comprehend,
grasp, imagine, realise, think, understand, visualise; 2. ;
a well d scheme ; syn. create, design,
form, formulate, invent; 3. ; ; to an affec
tion (for) ; 4.
concentrate [kns()ntreit] I v
1. (), () (on, upon); syn.
absorb, accumulate, attract, centre,
condense, congregate, converge,
crowd, draw, engross, focus, gather,
intensify; 2. . ; ; 3. . ; II n
,
concentrated [kns()ntreitid] adj
1. ; ; 2. .

concentration [ kns()ntrei()n]
n 1. ; ; ; ; camp
; syn. absorption, accumulation, centralisation, collection, combination, compression, focusing,
grouping, intensity; 2. ;
syn. denseness, mass; 3.

concentrator [knsntreit] n
concentre [knsent] v (); ,

concentric [knsentrik] adj
concept [knsept] n , ;
; ;
syn. abstraction, conception, idea,
image, impression, invention, plan,
theory, view
189











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conception [knsep()n] n 1. ; ; ;
syn. concept, idea, knowledge,
thought, apprehension, image, perception, understanding; 2. ;
3. ;
conceptual [knsepul] adj

conceptualization [kn sepulaizei()n] n


concern [kns:n] I v 1. ,
; as s ; his life is ed
; syn. interest,
involve, refer to, regard, relate to;
2. ; to oneself with
public work , ;
3. , ; to be
ed about the future ; syn. affect, bother,
trouble, worry; II n 1. , , ; 2. , ; 3. , ;
to have a in business
 ; syn. attention, consideration,
thought; 4. , ;
; with deep ; syn. anxiety,
care, distress, worry; 5. ,
; a matter of great

concerned [kns:nd] adj 1. (); ( 
); parties
; 2. ; air
; syn. anxious,
bothered, caring, disturbed, troubled,
uneasy, worried
concerning [kns:ni] I pres. p.
concern; II prep , ; syn. about, as regards, regarding, relating to, with reference to
concernment [kns:nmnt] n
1. ; a matter of
; 2. ; ; 3.
concert [knst] I n 1. , ; to act in
190

concord
; 2. ; grand
; II v ,
concerted [kns:tid] adj
concertina [ knst n] n . ( )
concerto [knet] n (pl os, ti)
( )
concession [knse()n] n
concessionaire [kn sene] n

concessioner [knsen] . =
concessionaire
concessive [knsesiv] adj 1. ; ; 2. .

conch [kk] n 1. ; 2. .
,
concha [kk] n (pl chae) .

conchy [ki] n . = conscien
tious objector
concierge [knsie ] n
conciliate [knsilieit] v 1. ; syn. appease, disarm, placate,
satisfy, soften, soothe; 2.
, ,
conciliation [kn siliei()n] n ; ; court of
; syn.
appeasement, indulgence, pacification, peacemaking, reconciliation,
satisfaction
conciliator [knsilieit] n 1. ; 2. ;
3. .
conciliatory [knsilitri] adj
concinnity [knsiniti] n
concise [knsais] adj ;
; ;
syn. abbreviated, abridged, brief,
compressed,
condensed,
short,
summary
conciseness [knsaisns] n 1. , ; 2.

concision [knsi ()n] = concise 

ness
conclamation [ kklmei()n] n 



conclave [kkleiv] n 1. . - 
; 2. -
; to sit in


conclude [knkld] v 1. - 

, (); syn. accom
plish, close, complete, end, finish,

terminate; 2. , :
; syn. assume, deduce, ()

judge, reckon; 3.
conclusion
[knkl ()n]
n
1. , ; in (r)
; to bring to a , ; syn. close, 
completion, end, finale, finish, termi-

nation; 2. , ; syn.

outcome, result; 3. , 
; to draw the - 
; to jump at a -
; syn. assumption,
decision, deduction, judgement, opin-

ion, resolution

conclusive [knklsiv] adj 
, ; syn. 
definite, final, incontrovertible, :
indisputable, ultimate, unarguable, ()

undeniable
conclusiveness [knklsivns] n
(r)

concoct [knkkt] v 1. ;
2. . (); 

( . .);

3. ; 4. . - 
,

concoction [knkk()n] n 1. - 
; ; 2. . -
. .; 3. -

; 4. . ;



concomitance [knkmitns] n - 


concomitant [knkmitnt] I adj :
; II n ( pl) ()


concord [kkd] n , (r)

concordance












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concordance [knkd()ns] n
1. ; ; 2. ,
, 
( )
 (Shakespeare)
concordant [knkdnt] adj 1. ; (with);
2.
concordat [knkdt] n ,
concourse [kks] n 1. , ; 2.
(); 3. ,
; 4. .

concrement [kkrimnt] n
concrete [kkr t] I n ; II adj
1. ; in the ,
; 2. ; III v
1. ; 2. (),
; ,
concretion [knkr ()n] n 1. ; 2. , ,
, ; 3.
; . ;
4. . ,
concubinage [knkjbini] n
concubine [kkjbain] n .
concur [knk:] v 1. ;
2. ; ; 3.
concurrence [knkrns] n , ();

concurrent [knkrnt] I adj


1. ; syn. coincident,
coinciding, uniting; 2.
; syn.
co-existing, simultaneous, synchronous; II n
concuss [knks] v 1. ,
; 2. . (); 3. ;  (into)

conduct
concussion [knk()n] n ; ; ; of the
brain

condemn [kndem] v ,
; syn. blame, censure, damn, denounce, disapprove, reproach, upbraid
condemnation [ kndemnei()n] n
1. , ; syn.
blame, censure, conviction, judgement, reproach, sentence; 2. ,
condemnatory [kndemntri] adj
;
condensable [kndensb()l] adj
1.
; 2. ( )
condensation [ kndensei()n] n
1. , , ; ( ) ;
2. . (); syn.
abridgement, compression, concentration, crystallisation, curtailment,
digest, reduction
condense [kndens] v 1. (); ; d
milk ; 2.
(); syn. abbreviate,
abridge, compress, concentrate,
crystallise, curtail, reduce, shorten,
summarise
condenser [kndens] n .
condescending [ kndisendi] adj

condescension [ kndisen()n] n
1. ; syn. affability,
deference, disdain, haughtiness, superiority; 2.
condign [kndain] adj ( )
condiment [kndimnt] n
condition [kndi()n] I n 1. ; on ; syn. limitation, proviso, requirement, restriction,
terms; 2. , ; in
(. ); in good -

( ); syn. case, circumstances, position, situation, state;


3. pl ; under such s
; 4. ; 5. . ; II v 1. ; 2. ; choice is
ed by supply
; 3. ()
conditional [kndi()nl] I adj
; syn. dependent, limited,
provisional, restricted, tied; II n .
;
conditioned [kndi()nd] adj
1. ; reflexes
; 2. ()
conditioner [kndi()n] n
conditioning [kndi()ni] I n
1.
; physical
; 2.
 ;
3. ();
II a
condole [kndl] v ,

condolence [kndlns] n
condom [kndm] n
condominium [ kndminim] n

condonable [kndnb()l] adj

condonation [ kndnei()n] n
condone [kndn] v ,

condor [knd] n . 1. ; 2.
conduce [kndjs] v , ( )
conducive [kndjsiv] adj ;
conduct [kndkt] I v 1. ;
syn. accompany, act, administer, at191











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conductance












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tend, carry, control, direct, govern,


guide, lead, manage, regulate, supervise; 2. ; ; 3. ();
( , ); 4. . ; ; II n 1. ; syn. actions, behaviour,
manners; 2. ; ;
syn.
administration, direction,
leadership, management, organisation
conductance [kndktns] n .

conduction [kndk()n] n
conductive [kndktiv] adj .

conductivity [ kndktivti] n .,
. ; ;
conductor [kndkt] n 1. ; ; ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. .
; 5. . ; ;
6.
conductress [kndktrs] n 1. ; 2.
conduit [kndit] n
cone [kn] n 1. . ; of
rays . ; 2. .

coney [kni] = cony


confabulate [knfbjleit] v , ,
confabulation [kn fbjlei()n] n
,
confabulator [knfbjleit] n
confection [knfek()n] n 1. ; 2.
confectioner [knfek()n] n
confectionery [knfek()nri] n
1. ; 2.

confederacy
[knfedrsi]
n
1. ; ; ; 2.
192

confirm
confederate [knfedrt] I adj , ; the
States of America
,
18601861 .

1865 .; II n 1. , ; 2. , (); 3. , ( 18601865 .; . );
III v () ,
confederation [kn fedrei()n] n
, ,
confer [knf:] v 1. ; to
a degree
; to a title ; 2. ,
(together, with); 3. , ( imp.);
remark on the next page

conference [knfrns] n , ; syn. congress,


consultation, convention, meeting,
seminar
conferment [knf:mnt] n
confess [knfes] v 1. (); ; syn. acknowledge, admit, affirm, concede,
confide, disclose, profess, recognise,
reveal; 2. ()
confession [knfe()n] n 1. ; syn. acknowledgement, admission, disclosure, revelation, unburdening; 2. ; 3.
confessional [knfe()nl] I n ; II adj ,
confessor [knfes] n ;

confidant [knfidnt] n
confidante [knfidnt] n ;
confide [knfaid] v 1. ;
(in); 2. ; -

(to); 3. ; (to)
confidence [knfid()ns] n 1. ; to enjoy one's  ; in strict
; 2. ; syn.
communication, disclosure, secret;
3. ; syn. assurance,
faith, reliance, self-confidence, selfpossession, trust; 4. ,
confident [knfidnt] adj 1. ( . .); 2. ,
confidential [ knfiden()l] adj
; a tone ; syn. classified,
closed, private, secret, faithful, trust
ed, trustworthy
confidentially [ knfiden()li] adv
, ;
syn. in confidence, in private, in secret, personally, privately
configurate [knfigjreit] n
configuration [kn figjrei()n] n
; ;
configure [knfig] n
confine [knfain] v 1. ; to oneself strictly to the
subject ; syn. bound, cage, constrain, enclose, restrain, restrict; 2.
; syn. imprison
confined [knfaind] adj 1. ; 2. ; 3. ( ); 4. . ; 5. to be
confinement [knfainmnt] n
1. ; syn. constraint, detention, house-arrest; 2.
; syn. imprisonment;
3. ; syn. birth, childbirth
confines [knfainz] n pl ;
; syn. border, boundaries,
bounds, edge, frontier, limits
confirm [knf:m] v 1. ; syn. approve, assure, back,
evidence, fortify, prove, settle, sub-











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stantiate, support, validate, verify, witness to; 2. ; to a


treaty ;
3. , ;
4. .
confirmation [ knfmei()n] n
; syn. approval,
backing, corroboration, evidence,
proof, support, testimony, validation,
verification, witness

confirmative, confirmatory [knf:mtiv, -tri] adj ;

confirmed [knf:md] adj 1. ; syn. chronic, established,


habitual, hardened, incurable, longestablished; 2. , ; syn. committed, rooted
confiscate [knfiskeit] v , ; syn. appropriate, remove, seize, sequester
confiscation [ knfiskei()n] n

confiscatory [knfiskeitri] adj


confiture [knfi] n
conflagrant [knfleigrnt] adj
conflagration [ knflgrei()n] n
1. ; ; 2.
conflate [knfleit] n
conflation [knflei()n] n
conflict [knflikt] I n 1. ;
; of laws . ; ; syn. antagonism, collision, confrontation, disagreement,
dispute, encounter, fight, opposition,
quarrel; 2. ; II v
1. ; syn. battle,
collide, contend, contradict, disagree,
fight, interfere, oppose; 2. (with)
confluence [knfluns] n 1.
(); ();
; 2. ,
confluent [knflunt] I adj ; II n ;

congested
conflux [knflks] = confluence
conform [knfm] v (); syn. accommodate, accord, adapt, adjust, agree, correspond,
harmonise, match, suit
conformability [kn fmbilti] n

conformable [knfmb()l] adj


1. ; 2. ,
conformal [knfml] adj
conformance [knfmns] n
conformation [ knfmei()n] n
1. , ; ;
2. ,

conformism [knfmiz()m] n

conformist [knfmist] n
conformity [knfmti] n ; syn. agreement, compliance,
correspondence, harmony, likeness,
resemblance, similarity
confound [knfand] v 1. , ; 2. , ; 3.
(, );  it!; !; !
confounded [knfandid] adj
1. ; 2. ;
3. . ; ;
he is a bore
confoundedly [knfandidli] adv
. , ,
confraternity [ knfrt:nti] n

confront [knfrnt] v 1. ; .
(, ); syn. address,
challenge, defy, encounter, face, front,
oppose; 2. 
; 3. ,
confrontation [ knfrntei()n] n
1. ; 2. ; 3. ,
Confucianism [knfjn iz()m] n

confuse [knfjz] v 1. , 
; syn. baffle, confound,
disorientate, embarrass, jumble, mix 

up, muddle, perplex, puzzle, upset;

2. ; to be 
come d ,

confused [knfjzd] adj -


; mass -
; tale ; 

answer

confusing [knfjzi] adj

confusion [knfj ()n] n - :
, ; ; ()
syn. bewilderment, perplexity, puz- 

zlement
(r)
confute [knfjt] v
cong [k] . . congress
congeal [kn l] v ;

; ();

congelation [ knilei()n] n - 
; , - 
; point of , - 


congener [kn n] n 1. ,

; 2.

congeneric(al) [ kninerik()l] 
adj

congenerous [knenrs] adj 
; ; 
:
( )
congenial [kn njl] adj 1. - ()

; ;

2. ; ; (r)
3. ,
congeniality [kn  nilti] n 

, , 
,

congenital [knenit()l] adj - 
, ; syn. 
constitutional, hereditary, inborn,

inherited, innate, natural


conger [kg] n .

(. eel)

congeries [knir z] n (pl - 
.) ; ;

congest [knest] v 1. - :
; ; 2. , ()


congested [knestid] adj 1. -


(r)
,

syn.

193

congestion












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connection

crammed, full, jammed, overcrowded,


packed, stuffed; 2. . ( )
congestion [knes()n] n ; syn. fullness, jam,
mass, overcrowding, traffic-jam
conglomerate [knglmrt] I n
1. ; 2. . ; II v ();

conglomeration [kn glmrei()n]


n ;
;

congratulate [kngrleit] v (on, upon); syn. compliment, wish well

congratulation [kn grlei()n]


n (. pl)

congratulatory [kn grleitri]


adj

congregate [kgrigeit] v (); , ;


syn. accumulate, assemble, collect,
crowd, gather, mass, meet
congregation [ kgrigei()n] n
1. . ;
; 2. . ; ( ); ;
3. (Congregation)
congregative [kgrigeitiv] adj

congress [kgres] n ,
; syn. assembly, conference, convention, council, meeting, parliament

congressional

[kngre()n()l]

adj ;
Congressional district .

Congressman [kgresmn] n .
,
congresswoman [kgris wmn] n

congruence [kgrns] n 1. ; 2. ; 3.
congruent [kgrnt] adj 1. =
congruous; 2. . ,
194

congruity [kngriti] n

congruous [kgrs] adj 1. ; ;


2. ; 3. . ,
conic(al) [knik()l] adj ; ,
conifer [knif] n
coniferous [knif()rs] adj ,
coniform [knifm] = conic(al)
conjectural [knekrl] adj

conjecture [knek] I n 1. , ; syn. assumption, estimate, guess, notion,


speculation, supposition, theory;
2. . ; II v 1. , ; syn. assume, estimate, guess, imagine, speculate, suppose, surmise, suspect; 2.
,
conjoin [knin] v (); ()
conjoint [knint] adj ; ; action
conjugal [kng()l] adj ;
conjugality [ knglti] n ,
conjugate [kngeit] I v 1. .
; 2. . ;
II adj ; ;
angles .
conjugation [ kngei()n] n

conjunct [knkt] adj ; ;


conjunction [knk()n] n
1. , ; in ,
; syn. association, coincidence, combination, concurrence,
union; 2. ; ;
; 3. ,
; 4. . ; 5.
conjunctive [knktiv] I adj
; tissue .

; II n .
(.
mood)
conjuncture [knk] n ;
conjuration [ knrei()n] n ;
conjure [kn] v 1.
; ; 2. , (); .
; a name to with
, ; 3. ; 4.
conjurer, conjuror [knr] n
1. ; 2. ;  he
is no =
conk [kk] I n .
(, );
II v (. to out) 1. , (. );
2.
conman [knmn] n
connate [kneit] adj 1. ; 2. ; 3. ; ; 4. .
connatural [knrl] adj 1. ; 2.
connect [knekt] v ; ; syn. associate, cohere, combine, fasten, join, link, unite
connected [knektid] adj 1. ; 2.
() ; 3. ;
4.
connecter [knekt] n
connectinglink [knektilik] n
. ,
connectingrod [knektird] n
. ,
connection [knek()n] n 1. ;
; ; in
this ; 2. ; 3. , (, ); 4. ; ; ; ; 5. , ;
6. ; ; to form
a ; 7.











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connective [knektiv] adj ; ; tissue


.
connexion [knek()n] = connec
tion
conniption [knip()n] n . .
;
connivance [knaivns] n ; ,

connivancy [knaivnsi] n
connive [knaiv] v ;

connoisseur [ kns:] n
connotation [ kntei()n] n 1. ; 2. .

connotative [knteitiv] adj


connote [knt] v
connubial [knjbil] adj ,
connumerate [knjmreit] n
conoid [knid] I n . ;
; II adj
conoidal [knid()l] adj
conquer [kk] v 1. , ; ; syn.
acquire, master, occupy, overpower, overthrow, subdue, succeed,
surmount; 2. ; ; syn. beat, crush, defeat,
win
conqueror [kkr] n 1. ; ; William the
. . ;
syn. champion, defeater, hero, master, victor, winner; 2. .
conquest [kkwest] n ,
; syn. captivation, invasion,
occupation, overthrow, subjection,
victory
consanguine [knsgwin] adj

consequence
consanguinity [ knsgwinti] n
,

conscience [knns] n ;
money (. ),
, ; for sake
; to make
a matter of ; to have on one's
, ; to have the (, 
); in all , ;
syn. morals, principles, scruples
conscientious [ kniens] adj
1. ; syn. high-principled, honest; 2. ;
 objector ,

; syn. careful,
hard-working, particular, responsible,
scrupulous
conscionable [knnb()l] adj

conscious [kns] adj 1. ; he was to the last


;
syn. alive, awake, aware, self-conscious; 2. ; syn.
intentional, premeditated, rational,
reasoning, responsible; to be of
; with su
periority ; 3. ; of
pain (cold)
(); syn. sensible
consciousness [knsns] n 1. ; to lose ; to recover, to regain
; syn. awareness,
realisation, recognition, sensibility,
sentience; 2.
conscript [knskript] I adj ;
 fathers .. ; II v

conscription [knskrip()n] n - 
; ; of
wealth ( - 


)

consecrate [knsi kreit] I v 1. -
; 2. ; II adj
1. ; 2.
consecration [ knsikrei()n] n 

1. ; 2.

consecution [ knsikj()n] n 
1. ; of tenses :
. ; ()

2. ( . .)
consecutive [knsekjtiv] adj -
; clause . (r)
; reac
tion . ; syn. continuous,
following, succeeding, successive,
uninterrupted
consenescence [ knsinesns] n

consensual [knsensjl] adj


consensus [knsenss] n ,

consent [knsent] I v ,
; syn. accede, admit, agree,
allow, assent, concede, permit, yield;
II n ; by common , with
one ; silence
gives .
; to carry the of
; syn. agreement,
assent, concession, go-ahead, green
light, permission, sanction
consentaneity [kn sentn iti] n

consentant [knsentnt] n
consentient [knsennt] adj ; (to);

consequence
[knsikwns]
n
1. (); in of ; ; to take the s
of ,
; syn. effect, outcome, side effect; 2. , 195











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; syn. end,result; 3. ,
; person of ,
; syn. concern,
importance, significance, value, weight
consequent [knsikwnt] adj ();
( ); syn.
following, resultant, sequential, subsequent, successive

consequential
[ knsikwen()l]
adj 1. ;
2. ; 3. ,

consequently [knsikwntli] adv


; ;
conservancy [kns:v()nsi] n
()
conservation [ kns:vei()n] n
, ; area ; syn. keeping, maintenance,
preservation, protection, safe-keeping,
saving

conservationist [ knsvei()nist]
n

conservatism [kns:v tiz()m] n

conservative [kns:vtiv] I adj


1. ; 2. ; 3. ; estimate
; syn. cautious,
moderate, traditional; II n
conservatoire [kns:vtw] n

conservator [kns:vt] n 1. ; ; 2.
( . .); 3.

conservatory [kns:vt()ri] n
1. , ; 2. . =
conservatoire
conserve [kns:v] I v 1. ,
;
syn. guard, keep,
maintain, preserve, protect, save;
2. ; II n pl ;
,
consider [knsid] v 1. , ; ; syn.
196

consonantal
contemplate, deliberate, discuss, examine, meditate, muse, regard, study,
think, weigh; 2. , ;
he is ed a rich man
; syn. believe; 3. , ; all
things ed ; 4. ;
;
to others
considerable [knsid()rb()l] I adj
; ; ;
syn. abundant, big, distinguished,
great, important, influential, large,
marked, noticeable, significant,
substantial; II n . .
considerate [knsidrt] adj ; ,
; syn. attentive, kind,
mindful, obliging, patient, tactful,
thoughtful
consideration [kn sidrei()n] n
1. ; ; to
give a problem one's careful
; syn.
analysis, contemplation, examination,
regard, review; 2. ; in
of ; on
( under) no
; to take into ; 3. ,
; for a ; 4. , ;
considering [knsid()ri] prep
,
consign [knsain] v 1. ;
; 2. ();
3. (); 4. . , (, ); 5. .

consignation [ knsainei()n] n
1. ; 2.

consignee [ knsain ] n
consigner [knsain] = consignor

consignment [knsainmnt] n 
1. ; ; syn. car-
go, delivery, distribution, goods, 

load, shipment; 2. 
; 3. , - 

consilient [knsilint] adj -



,
consist [knsist] v 1. 
(of); (in); 2. - 

, (with)

consistence [knsistns] n 1. - :
; 2. ; ()
,

consistency [knsistnsi] n 1. .
consistence; 2. - (r)
, ; 3. 
; 4.
consistent [knsistnt] adj 1. -

, ; 2. 
, ; 3. , 
; it is not with 
what you said before -


consolation [ knslei()n] n -
; race ( , 

)

consolatory [knsltri] adj - 

:
console1 [knsl] v ; syn. ()

calm, cheer, encourage, hearten
console2 [knsl] n ., .
(r)

consolidate [knslideit] v (), ();


syn. condense, harden, join, reinforce, solidify, strengthen, unite
consolidated [knslideitid] adj
1. ; 2.
consolidation [kn slidei()n] n
1. ; ;
2.
consonance [knsnns] n
consonant [knsnnt] I adj 1. ; (to,
with); 2. ; II n .

consonantal [ knsnnt()l] adj
.











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(r)

constructive

consort [knst] I n 1. ()
(. ); 2. .

constellate [knstileit] v -

,
; II v 1. ; 2. ,
consortium [knstim] n .

conspicuity [ knspikjiti] n
conspicuous [knspikjs] adj
, ,
; by his absence
; to make oneself

conspiracy [knspirsi] n ;
; syn. fix, frame-up,
intrigue, machination, plot, scheme
conspirator [knspirt] n ; syn. conspirer, intriguer,
plotter
conspire [knspai] v
, ; (against); all things
to please him ; syn.
devise, intrigue, plot, scheme
constable [knstb()l] n , (); ; Chief Constable
( , )
constabulary [knstbjlri] I n
, ;
mounted ; II adj
( force)
constancy [knstnsi] n 1. ; 2. ;
constant [knstnt] I adj 1. ; syn. changeless, continuous, endless, habitual, interminable,
nonstop,
permanent,
unchangeable, unvarying; 2. ; ( . .); ; syn. dependable, devoted, faithful, loyal, true; II n .,
. (); ; of friction

constantly [knstntli] adv 1. ; 2. ,

constellation [ knstlei()n] n


. (. .)

consternation [ knstnei()n] n
; ; (
); syn. alarm, distress, dread,
fear, horror, panic, shock, terror, trepidation
constipate [knstipeit] v .
constipated [knstipeitid] adj .

constipation [ knstipei()n] n
.
constituency [knstitjnsi] n
constituent [knstitjnt] I adj
1. ;
2. ; assembly ; II n 1. ; syn. component,
element, ingredient, part, unit;
2. ; 3. .
constitute [knstitjt] v
constitution [ knstitj()n] n
1. ,

;
2. , , : 3. , ; ; the of one's
mind ; strong
; 4. ; 5. . (. .)

constitutional [ knstitj()n()l]
I adj 1. ; gov
ernment
; 2. . ,
; II n .
,

constitutionalism [ knstitj()n()liz()m] n 1. ; 2.

constitutionality [ knsti tjnlti] n


constitutive [knstitjtiv] adj

constitutor [knstitjt] n ,

constrain [knstrein] v 1. - 
, ; 2. ;
; ; 3. 



constrained [knstreind] adj 1. - 
, ; 2. -
, , ;
3. ; ( -
); 4. . 



constrainedly [knstreindli] adv 
1. , ; :
2. , ; ()

3.
constraint [knstreint] n -
(r)
,
constrict [knstrikt] v ,
, , ; syn.
compact, compress, limit, pinch, restrict, shrink, tighten
constriction [knstrik()n] n , , ,

constrictor [knstrikt] n 1. .
; 2. .
, ()
constringency [knstrinnsi] n

constringent [knstrinnt] adj


. ;
construct [knstrkt] v ; (. ., .); syn. build, compose, create,
design, erect, establish, form, frame,
make, manufacture, model
construction [knstrk()n] n
1. , ; engi
neering ;
plant ; tim
ber ;
2. , ; 3. ; 4. . ; 5. .

constructional [knstrk()n()l]
adj , ;

constructionism
[knstrkniz()m] n .
constructive [knstrktiv] adj ; a denial 197











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(r)

constructivist












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(r)

; syn. helpful, positive,


practical, productive, valuable
constructivist [knstrktivist] n

constructor [knstrkt] n 1. ; ; 2. .
construe [knstr] v
consuetude [knswitjd] n 1. ; , ;
2.

consuetudinary [ knswitjdinri]
I adj ; law . ; II n .

consul [kns()l] n
consular [knsjl] adj

consulate [knsjlt] n (. .)

consulship [kns()lip] n

consult [knslt] v 1.
(to a doctor); syn. ask, consider,
interrogate, question; 2. ;
3. ; to a dictionary
,
; 4. ; I shall
your interests
consultant [knsltnt] n ; syn. adviser, expert, specialist
consultation [ knsltei()n] n
1. ; syn. appointment,
council, discussion, examination,
hearing; 2. ; 3. ()
consultative [knslttiv] adj ;
consulting [knslti] adj ; physician 
; hours
(); room

consultive [knsltiv] adj


consultor [knslt] n
consumable [knsjmb()l] adj

198

contemporaneity
consume [knsjm] v 1. ; ; syn. absorb,
expend, spend, use (up), waste;
2. ; ; syn. drink,
eat, swallow; 3. (
); 4. (,
); 5.
consumer [knsjm] n ; syn. buyer, customer, purchaser, shopper
consumerism [knsjmriz()m] n

consummate [knsmt] I adj , ; a


master of his craft ; II v ,
consummation [ knsmei()n] n
,
consumption [knsmp()n] n
1. ; ; syn. consuming, expenditure, use, waste;
2. .
consumptive [knsmptiv] I adj
1. , ;
2. ; II n
contact [kntkt] I n 1. ; ; to come
into , ;
to make (to break) .
() ; breaker
. ; syn. connection,
junction, meeting, touch, union;
2.
,
;
3. . ; 4. ,
; II v 1. ; 2.
contact lens [kntkt lenz] n
contactor [kntkt] n . ,
contagion [kntei()n] n ,

contagious [knteis] adj 1. , ; syn.


catching, epidemic, infectious, transmissible; 2. .

contain [kntein] v 1. 
, ; syn. accommodate,
embody, enclose, hold, include; 

2. (;

); to oneself - 
; syn. check, control, limit,
restrain; 3. .
; forty s eight -


container [kntein] n 1. - 

; 2. ,

; syn. :
holder, vessel; 3. ; ()
containment [knteinmnt] n 

contaminant [kntminnt] n - (r)

contaminate [kntmineit] v - 
, ; syn. infect, pol-

lute, soil, stain

contamination [kn tminei()n] 
n ,

contaminative [kntmintiv] adj

contango [kntg] n (pl oes)


. , - 



; day , :
; ()
- 


(r)
conte [knt] n
contemplable [kntemplb()l] adj

contemplate [kntmpleit] v 1. ; 2. , ; ; syn. consider,


deliberate, meditate, observe, reflect
on, regard, view; 3. ;
4. ; I do not any oppo
sition from him

contemplation [ kntemplei()n] n
,
contemplative [kntempltiv] adj
1. ; 2.

contemporaneity [kn temprn ti]


n ; , ( )











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(r)

contemporaneous












:
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(r)












:
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(r)












:
()


(r)

contemporaneous [kn tempreinis] adj 1. ; 2.

contemporary [kntemprri] I adj


1. ; syn. current,
latest, modern, present, recent,
ultramodern, up-to-date; 2. ; II n 1. ;
2.
contemporize [kntempraiz] v
1. ;
2. ;

contempt [kntempt] n 1. ( for); to fall into ; to have,
to hold in ; in of , ; syn. disdain,
disgrace, dishonour, disregard, disrespect, neglect, slight; 2. . ;
contemptible [kntemptb()l] adj
;
syn.
degenerate,
detestable, low, mean, shameful,
worthless
contemptuous [kntemptjs] adj
; ;
contend [kntend] v 1. ;
syn. allege, assert, struggle; 2. , ; syn. compete, contest; 3. ; syn. argue,
debate, dispute; 4.
(that)
contender [kntend] n 1. ( ); 2. ; ( )
content1 [kntent] n 1. ; the s of a book
; table of s ;
2. ; , ;
3. ; 4. ; the of a
proposition ;
syn. essence, matter, meaning, size,
subject matter, substance
content2 [kntent] I n 1. ;

;
2. , ; "; II adj 1. -

continuation
(with); 2. ; ( );
III v
contented [kntentid] adj , ; syn.
cheerful, content, happy, pleased,
satisfied, thankful
contention [knten()n] n ,
; syn. affirmation, allegation,
assertion, claim, competition, contest,
declaration, hostility, idea, rivalry, view
contentious
[kntens]
adj
1. ; ; ; 2.
contentment [kntentmnt] n
, ;
syn. comfort, complacency, gladness,
peace, peacefulness, pleasure, satisfaction
conterminal [knt:minl] adj
, , (to, with)
conterminant [knt:minnt] adj

conterminous [knt:mins] adj


1. = conterminal; 2.
contest [kntest] I v 1. ,
; syn. argue against,
challenge, debate, dispute, doubt,
question; 2. (;
. .); ( );
ed election ,
;
. , ; 3.
(); to every inch of
ground
; II n 1. ; syn. conflict,
controversy, debate, dispute, fight;
2. ; ;
syn. competition, tournament
contestant [kntestnt] n , ; ; syn.
candidate, competitor, participant
contestation [ kntestei()n] n
context [kntekst] n ; syn.
associations, background, circumstances, relation, situation

contextual [kntekstjl] adj - 


,



contexture [knteks] n 1. 
; ; 2. , - 
(. -
)

contiguity [ kntigjti] n 1. -
; ; 2. - 



contiguous [kntigjs] n - 
, , - :
;
()
continence [kntinns] n 1. - 
; 2. (.
(r)
)
continent1 [kntinnt] adj 1. ; 2. ;

continent2 [kntinnt] n 1. , ; 2. (the Conti


nent)

continental

[ kntinent()l] adj

contingence [kntin()ns] n

contingency

[kntin()nsi] n
, ,
contingent [kntin()nt] I adj
; , , ; ; fee on
cure ;
II n 1. ; 2. . ,

continual [kntinjl] adj 1. ; ; syn. constant, interminable; 2. ; ;


syn. frequent, recurrent, regular,
repeated;
continuance [kntinjns] n
continuant [kntinjnt] n .

continuation [kn tinjei()n] n
,
;
199











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(r)

continue












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:
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(r)

syn. development, extension, prolongation, resumption, supplement


continue [kntinj] v 1. (); ; ;
to someone in office
 ; syn. carry
on, extend, go on, last, lengthen,
persist, proceed, pursue, remain, rest,
resume; 2. , ;
3. ; to be
d
continued [kntinjd] adj ; ; frac
tion
continuer [kntinj] n
continuity [ kntinjti] n ,
continuous [kntinjs] adj , ; syn.
ceaseless, connected, constant, continued, endless, non-stop, unbroken,
undivided, uninterrupted
contort [kntt] v 1. ;
2.
contortion [knt()n] n ;
contortionist [knt()nist] n
1. , "; 2. . ,

contour [knt] I n 1. ,
; ; syn. curve, figure, form, outline, profile, shape;
2. . ; map
, ; 3. . , ;
II v ;

contra [kntr] I prep ;
II adv , ; III n

contraband [kntrbnd] I n ; II adj ;
syn. black-market, forbidden, illegal,
smuggled, unlawful
contrabandist [kntrbndist] n

contrabass [ kntrbeis] n .

200

contrariety
contraception [ kntrsep()n] n

;
contraceptive [ kntrseptiv] n

contraclockwise [ kntrklkwaiz]
adv

contract [kntrkt] I v 1. (); (); syn. abbreviate, abridge, compress, curtail,


diminish, lessen, reduce, shorten;
2. . ; . ; to expenses (efforts)
(
); 3. ; ;
4. (, );
;
5. ( , ); 6. (); (); 7. ();
8. (); 9.
(); 10. . ;
II n , ; ; price ; syn.
agreement, bond, commitment, convention, deal, settlement, stipulation,
transaction, treaty
contracted [kntrktid] adj 1. ; 2. ; ; 3. , ( ); ;
4.
contractile [kntrktail] adj ();
contraction
[kntrk()n] n
1. ; ; ,
; ; , ; syn. abbreviation, compression, diminution, reduction, shortening; 2. . (
); 3. (
. .); 4. (; . ); 5.
contractor [kntrkt] n 1. ; builder and 
; 2. .

contractual [kntrktl] adj

contracture [kntrk] n - 

contradict [ kntrdikt] v 1. - 

; ; syn. chal
lenge, contravene, counteract, deny, 
dispute, oppose; 2. ,

contradiction [ kntrdik()n] n
,
; 

spirit of

contradictious [ kntrdiks] adj 
1. ; 2. :
,
()
contradictor [ kntrdikt] n 1. - 

; ; 2.
contradictory
[ kntrdikt()ri] (r)

I adj ; ; ;
syn.
antagonistic,
conflicting,
contrary, incompatible, inconsistent,
opposed; II n ,
contradistinct [ kntrdistikt] adj

contradistinction [ kntrdistik()n] n 1. ;
2. ; in to
( from)

contradistinguish [ kntrdistigwi] v ;

contraindicate [ kntrindikeit] v











:
()


(r)

contraindication [ kntrindikei
()n] n .

contralto [kntrlt] n (pl os)



.

contrapose [ kntrpz] v - 


contraposition [ kntrpzi()n] n

,
contraption [kntrp()n] n .

. , - 


contrapuntal [ kntrpnt()l] adj 
:
.
contrariety [ kntrraiti] n 1. - ()
, , - 

; 2. , (r)

contrariness












:
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(r)












:
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(r)












:
()


(r)

contrariness [kntrerinis] n

contrariwise [kntrriwaiz] adv


1. ; ; 2.

contrary [kntrri] adj . , ; syn. adverse, counter, opposed, opposite


contrast [kntrst] I n 1. ; ; syn. difference, dissimilarity, divergence,
opposition; 2. ;
3. ; II v 1. ; ; syn. compare,
differentiate, distinguish, oppose;
2. ; ; these two colours
very well
contrastive [kntrstiv] adj
contravene [ kntrv n] v 1. , ( .
.); 2. ,
contravention [ kntrven()n] n
( . .)
contretemps [kntr t] n
contribute [kntribjt] v 1. , ; syn.
add, afford, bestow, donate, give, help,
provide, supply; 2.
(); ( );
3. (); 4. ( , )
contribution [ kntribj()n] n
, ; syn. addition, bestowal, donation, gift, grant, gratuity
contributor [kntribjt] n
contributory [kntribjtri] adj
; ;
, ;
negligence (),
contrite [kntrait] adj ,
contrition [kntri()n] n

convenient
contrivance [kntraiv()ns] n
1. , ; ; 2. ; ()
contrive [kntraiv] v ;

contriver [kntraiv] n ; good , ,


control [kntrl] I n 1. , ; syn. authority,
charge, direction, government, management, rule, supervision; 2. ;
3. ; , ; , ;
to be in , have over ,
; syn. check, regulation; 4. ; 5. pl . ; II v 1. ;
; 2. ,
, ; ; 3. (,
)
controlgear [kntrlgi] n .
;

controllable [kntrlb()l] adj


1. , ;
, ;
2.
controller [kntrl] n 1. ; ; ; 2. .
;
control tower [kntrl ta] n
controversial [ kntrv:l] adj
, ; syn.
debatable, disputable, doubtful, questionable
controversy [kntrv:si] n ,
, ; without
( beyond) , ; syn. argument, contention,
debate, disagreement, dispute, quarrel
controvert [kntrv:t] v , ; ;

contumacious [ kntjmeis] adj

contumacy [kntjmsi] n 1. - 
; ; 2. .
; 



contumelious [ kntjm lis] adj 
;

contumely [kntjm()li] n 1. -
; ; 2.
contuse [kntjz] v ; 



contusion [kntj ()n] n - 
;
:
conundrum [knndrm] n ()
(. ; . . 

);
conurbation [ kn:bei()n] n (r)

convalesce [ knvles] v

convalescence [ knvles()ns] n
;

convalescent [ knvles()nt] I n
;
;

II
adj
-

convection [knvek()n] n .

convenable [knv nb()l] adj

convene [knv n] v (),

convener [knv n] n (, ),
convenience
[knv nins]
n
1. ; at your ; to await, to suit a
person's 
; syn. accommodation,
advantage, availability, benefit, comfort, facility, fitness, help, satisfaction,
service, usefulness; 2. ,
; a house with modern s
() ; 3.
convenient [knv nint] adj , ; ;
syn. accessible, appropriate, available, fit, helpful, nearby, opportune,
suitable, suited, useful, well-timed
201











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(r)

convent [knvnt] n
(. )

convention [knven()n] n 1. , ; . ;
syn. assembly, conference, council,
meeting; 2. , , ; 3. ;
; syn. code, custom, etiquette, formality, tradition; 4.
conventional [knven()n()l] adj
, ; sign
; syn. accepted,
common, customary, normal, ordinary, regular, standard, stereotyped,
traditional, usual

conventionality [kn vennlti]


n ; the conventionali
ties
conventual [knventjl] I adj ; II n (Conventual)

converge [knv:] v ;
. ; syn.
approach, coincide, concentrate,
focus, join, meet
convergence [knv:()ns] n
1. ;
2. . ,
( ); 3. ., .

convergency [knv:()nsi] n

convergent [knv:nt] adj ; angle


.
converging [knv:i] I adj
; ;

; fire . ; II n .
conversable [knv:sb()l] adj
1. ; ;
2.
conversance [knv:s()ns] n (with)
conversancy [knv:snsi] n
202

conviction
conversant [knv:s()nt] adj
1. ; 2.
conversation [ knvsei()n] n
, ; s ;
piece ; syn.
chat, communication, dialogue, discussion, exchange, talk

conversational [ knvsei()n()l]
adj 1. ; 2.

converse1 [knv:s] I v 1. , ; 2. . ,
; II n 1. , ; 2.
converse2 [knv:s] I adj ; ; II n
,
conversion [knv:()n] n 1. (to, into);
(), of a solid into a liq
uid
; syn. alteration, change,
modification, reformation, reorganisation, transformation; 2. .
(  ); ( ); 3. . ; 4. ,
; 5. . ( );
6. ( );

convert [knv:t] I v 1. ; 2. ( ; . .); 3. .


; 4. . , ; II n
;

converter [knv:t] n 1. . , ;
2. . , ; 3. .

convertibility [kn v:tbiliti] n

convertible [knv:tb()l] adj


1. ; ; ; heat is
into electricity

;
2.
converting [knv:ti] I pres. p.
convert; II n 1. ;
; ; 2. .
convex [ knveks] adj
convexity [knveksti] n
convey [knvei] v 1. ,
(, ); ; syn. bring,
carry, deliver, guide, move, transport;
2. . ();
3. (, , ); syn. send, transfer, transmit;
4. (); syn. com
municate, tell; 5. (
. .); it does not anything
to my mind

conveyance [knveins] n 1. ; ; 2.
; ; 3. .
();
( )
conveyancer [knveins] n .
,
conveyancing [knveinsi] n .


conveyer [knvei] n . ; ; screw , ,
convict [knvikt] I v 1. . ; 
; syn. condemn, imprison, sentence; 2. (, . .);
II n , ; ; syn. criminal, prisoner
conviction [knvik()n] n 1. .
, ;
2.  , ; 3.
(that, of); to carry ,
; syn. assurance, belief, certainty, confidence,











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(r)

convictive












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()


(r)

faith, persuasion, principle, reliance;


4. .
convictive [knviktiv] adj
convince [knvins] v 1. ;
syn. assure, confirm, persuade; 2. (, . .)
convinced [knvinst] I p. p. con
vince; II adj ( of)
convincible [knvinsb()l] adj

convincing [knvinsi] I pres. p.
convince; II adj
convivial [knvivil] adj 1. ; 2. ,
conviviality [kn vivilti] n ; .
convocation [ knvkei()n] n ,
convoke [knvk] v , (, )
convoluted
[knvltid]
adj
1. ;
; 2. ,
( . .)
convolution [ knvl()n] n
convolve [knvlv] v (); (); ()
convolvulus [knvlvjls] n .

convoy [knvi] I v ; . ., . ; II n 1. ;
syn. attendance, attendant, guard,
protection; 2. . , ;
. (
); 3.
convulse [knvls] v ,
convulsion [knvl()n] n ; . ; ., .
, ; syn. commotion, disturbance, outburst, shaking,
turbulence, upheaval

cooptation
convulsive [knvlsiv] adj

cony [kni] n 1. ; 2. ( )
coo [k] I n ; II v
cook [kk] I v , ; (); (); syn. bake, boil, fry, grill,
prepare, roast, stew, toast; II n , ; . ; too many s
spoil the broth .

cookbook [kk bk] n

cooker [kk] n
cookery [kkri] n ;

cookgalley [kk gli] n .


cookhouse [kk has] n

cookie [kki] n ., . ;
cooking [kki] n

cookout [kk at] n


cookroom [kkrm] n ; .

cookshop [kkp] n ;

cookstove [kkstv] n

cookware [kk we] n

cool [kl] I adj 1. , ; syn. breezy, chilly, fresh; 2. . , ;


;
syn.
calm,
composed, quiet, relaxed, reserved,
self-possessed; 3. ,
; 4. , , ; a hand
; a
cheek ; 5. . ( ); a
thousand dollars
1000 ; II n
1. ; 2. ; III v

(); ; syn.
abate, calm, chill, freeze, moderate,
quiet
cooler [kl] n . ,
coolheaded [ klhedid] adj ,
coolie [kli] n ( , )
coolish [kli] adj
coolness [klns] n 1. ;
; 2. ; 3. . , ( )
coomb [km] n , ;
,
coop [kp] I n 1. ;
; 2. ; II v
, ; in, up ;
(. . .)
coop [k p] n (. cooper
ative) ,
; on the
coop
cooper [kp] I n , ;
II v
cooperage [kpri] n 1. ; 2. ; 3.
cooperate [kpreit] v , ; syn. aid,
assist, collaborate, co-ordinate, help,
work together
cooperation [k prei()n] n
, ; ; syn. assistance, collaboration, participation, teamwork
cooperative [kprtiv] I adj
1. , ,
; in a
spirit ;
2. ; II n .
cooperator [kpreit] n 1. ; 2.
coopt [kpt] v
cooptation [ kptei()n] n
203











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(r)

coordinate [kdint] I adj


1. , ;
2. , , ; 3. .
( ); II n 1. 
; 2. pl . ; ; III v
[kdineit] 1. ,
; syn. arrange, correlate,
match, regulate, relate, synchronise;
2.
coordination [k dinei()n] n
1. ; ;
2. .
coordinator [kdineit] n
coot [kt] n 1. (); as
bald as a , ;
2. .
cootie [kti] n . .
cop1 [kp] . I n 1. ; ; 2. ; a fair
;
II v , ( ; at); to it
. ; ,
; ; you will
it . .
cop2 [kp] n 1. (
); 2. ();
3. .
coparcenary [ kpsinri] n ,
coparcener [ kpsin] n .

copartner [ kptn] n ;
copartnership [kptnip] n
cope1 [kp] v , ; syn. carry on, get by, manage
cope2 [kp] I n 1. . ;
2. .: the of heaven ; the of night
: 3. . , ,
; 4. ; ; ;
II v 1. , ; 2. 204

corbel
, ; 3. ,

copeck [kpek] n
copier [kpi] n

copilot [k pailt] n


copious [kpis] adj ;
; writer
; vocabulary

copiousness [kpisnis] n
coplanar [kplein] adj
copper1 [kp] I n 1. ; 2.

;
3. ; 4. ; II v

copper2 [kp] n . ,
copperas [kprs] n ()

copperplate [kppleit] I n 1. ; 2. ; II adj ( )


coppersmith [kpsmi] n ;
coppery [kpri] adj 1. ;
2.
coppice [kpis] n 1. ; ; 2. ( )
copra [kpr] n ,
copse [kps] = coppice
copula [kpjl] n ., .

copulate [kpjleit] v .
copulation [ kpjlei()n] n 1. .
; ; ;
2.
copulative [kpjltiv] adj .

copy [kpi] I n 1. ; fair ,


clean ; rough , foul ,
; 2. ; 3. -

; 4. ,
; this makes good ( );
5. ; syn. carbon copy, duplicate, facsimile, photocopy, reproduction, transcription; 6. ;
II v 1. ; ; ;
; syn. duplicate, facsimile,
photocopy, reproduce; 2.
, ; syn.
echo, follow, imitate, repeat
copybook [kpi bk] n 1. ;
; maxims
; morality
; 2.
,

copycat [kpi kt] n
copyhold [kpi hld] n . .
,

;

copyholder [kpi hld] n 1. .
. ,
; 2. 
; 3. .
copyist [kpiist] n 1. ;
2. ; 3. ,
copyreader [kpi r d] n . 1. =
copyholder; 2. ()
copyright [kpi rait] I n
; reserved
; II v
coquet [kket] v
coquetry [kkitri] n
coquette [kket] n
coral [krl] I n ; II adj
1. ; 2.

coralline [krlain] I adj ; II n


corbeil [kbel] n
corbel [kb)l] I n 1. . ; , ; ;
2. . ;
; II v -











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corbie












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;
corbie [kbi] n .
corbiesteps [kbisteps] n pl .

cord [kd] I n 1. ,
(); syn. bond, rope, tie;
2. ; syn. string;
3. . ; vocal s ; spinal
; II v
cordage [kdi] n ; ,
cordate [kdeit] adj .
corded [kdid] adj 1. ; 2. ( )
cordial [kdil] I adj ,
; dislike
; II n ()
cordiality [ kdilti] n ,
cordially [kdili] adv 1. ; 2. . (
)
cordiform [kdifm] adj
cordite [kdait] n ( )
cordless [kdls] adj
cordon [kd()n] I n ; II v

corduroy [kdri] n
cordwain [kdwein] n
e
core [k] I n 1. ; ; ; to the ;
syn. centre, germ, heart, nucleus;
2. ; syn. essence, gist; the very
of the subject ;
3. . ; ;
4. . ; II v

cored [kd] I p. p. core; II adj

coreopsis [ kripsis] n .

cornet
corespondent [ krispndnt] n
. (
)
corf [kf] n 1. ; (
); 2.
coriaceous [ krieis] adj ; ,
coriander [ krind] n
cork [kk] I n 1. ;
; jacket ; 2. ; 3. ; II v 1.
; 2. ; 3. . (); ,
corked [kkt] adj 1. ; 2.
; 3.
( )
corker [kk] n . ,

: , . .
corking [kki] I pres. p. cork;
II adj . ,
corkscrew [kkskr] I n ;
II adj , ; III v ()

corktree [kktr ] n .

corkwood [kk wd] n

corky [kki] adj 1. ;


2. . , , ;
cormorant [kmrnt] n 1. .
; 2. . ;

corn1 [kn] I n 1. . ,
; 2. . . ,
); 3. ; ; 4. , ; II v 1. ,
(); 2.
; 3. . ,
corn2 [kn] n (.
)

corncob [kn kb] n 


corn cockle [kn kkl] n . - 



corncrake [knkreik] n 
()

corn dodger [knd] = dodger


cornea [kni] n .



corneal [knil] adj

1
corned
[knd] adj ; 
beef
:
corned2 [knd] p. p. corn
()
cornelian [kn lin] n . - 

corneous [knis] adj ; (r)

corner [kn] I n 1. , ;

to cut off a ,

; done in a - 
, ; to drive 
into a . , 
; the four s 
of the earth ;

round the ; to turn



the ; . 
; 

(); syn. angle, bend; 2. ; 
3. - :
; II v 1. ()

, ; ;

2. - (r)

cornerback [knbk] n 



cornerboy [knbi] . = cor 
nerman

cornerman [knmn] n 1. - 
-
; 2.
; 3. ()



cornerstone [kn stn] n 1. . 
; 2. . - 
:

cornet [knit] n 1. . ; ()
2. ; 3. ( ); 

; 4. . .
(r)

205

cornexchange












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cornexchange [ kniksein] n

cornflakes [knfleiks] n ,

cornfloor [knfl] n ;
cornflour [knfla] n , ( )
cornflower [knfla] n
()
cornhusker [knhsk] n
cornice [knis] n 1. . ;
; 2. ()
corniche [kn ] n
cornicle [knik()l] n
(); ()
Cornish [kni] I adj ; II n
cornopean [knpin] = cornet
cornstalk [knstk] n 1. . ; 2. .
cornstarch [knst] n
cornucopia [ knjkpi] n

corny1 [kni] adj ,


corny2 [kni] adj 1. ;
2. . ;
corolla [krl] n .
corollary [krlri] n . ;
; ,
corona [krn] n .
coronach [krnk] n
, ( );
, ( )
coronal [krnl] I n . 1. , ; 2. ; II adj
; suture .
coronate [krneit] v
coronation [ krnei()n] n 1. , ; 2. ()
coroner [krn] n ,

206

correspond
coronet [krnit] n 1. (); 2. ; 3. . ;
4. ( )
corporal1 [kp()rl] adj
corporal2 [kp()rl] n .

corporal3 [kp()rl] n
corporality [ kprliti] n

corporate [kp()rt] adj , ; body ; responsi


bility
; town ,
; syn.
allied, collective, communal, joint,
shared, united
corporation
[ kprei()n] n
1. ; the Corporation,
municipal ; syn.
association, council, society; 2. .
; banking

corporeal [kpril] adj 1. ; 2. ,
corporeality [k prilti] n ,
corporeity [ kpr ti] = corpore
ality
corps [k(r)] . n (pl corps) .
; syn. band, brigade, crew, detachment, division, regiment, squad
corps de ballet [ kdblei] . n

corpse [kps] n ; syn. body, remains, skeleton


corpulent [kpjlnt] adj , , ,
corpus [kps] n 1. , ; delicti . ; juris ; 2.
corpuscle [kps()l] n 1. ,
; ; red (white)
s . () ; 2. . ,
corpuscular [kpskjl] adj .
;

corral [krl] I n 1. ( - 
); 2. , -
( ); 

II v 1. ; 2. 
; 3. . 

correct [krekt] I adj 1. -


, , ; the card
. - 

; ;

syn. accurate, exact, faultless, flaw
less, precise, regular, right, true; :
2. ; II v 1. , ()
;
syn.
amend, 
improve, rectify, regulate; 2.
, ; ; (r)
3. ( ); ; 4.
correction [krek()n] n 1. , ; 2. . ; 3. .
corrective [krektiv] I adj 1. ; 2.
( ); II n 1. ;
2. .
correctness [krektnis] n
corrector [krekt] n ; ; of the
press
correlate [krleit] v
, ; syn. associate, compare,
coordinate, correspond, parallel,
relate
correlation [ krlei()n] n , ; ;
correlative [kreltiv] I adj ; II n 1. ;
2. . , ,
.: soas, eitheror
correlator [krleit] n
correspond [ krispnd] v 1. (with, to); ,
;
(to); syn. agree, coincide, complement, conform, correlate, harmonise,
match; 2.











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correspondence [ krispndns] n
1. , ;
; syn. analogy, comparison,
conformity, equivalence, similarity;
2. , ;
; column ; cours
es ; syn. communication, mail, post
correspondent [ krispndnt]

corresponding [ krispndi] I pres.


p. correspond; II adj 1. ; 2.
corridor [krid] n ;
train , , ;
syn. hallway, lobby, passage
corrigendum [ kriendm] n
corrigible [krib()l] adj ,
corroborate [krbreit] v ; (
. .); syn. confirm, document,
endorse, prove, support, validate
corroboration [k rbrei()n] n

corroborative [krbrtiv] I adj


, ;
II n .
corroboratory [krbrtri] =
corroborative
corrode [krd] v ; (); ;
;
syn. erode, oxidise, rust
corrodent [krdnt] n
corrosion [kr ()n] n ;
; ;
corrosive [krsiv] I adj ,
; ; su
blimate ; II n ,
corrugate [krgeit] v 1. (); 2. . , , ;
d iron

cost
corrugation
[ krgei()n]
n
1. , ( );
2. . ; ;
; 3. ()
corrupt [krpt] I adj 1. , (
. .); 2. , (); 3. ; ; 4. . ; syn. bribed, dishonest, unethical, unprincipled, untrustworthy;
practices , ; II v 1. ,
; 2. , ;
3. (); 4. (), (); 5. ; 6. .
corruptibility [k rptbilti] n
1. , ;
2.
corruptible [krptb()l] adj
1. ; 2.
corruption [krp()n] n 1. ; ; of the body ; 2. ; (, ); 3. ; 4. , ; syn. bribing, depravity, falsification, fraud, unscrupulousness, vice
corruptive [krptiv] adj
corsage [ks ] n
corsair [kse] n . 1.
(); 2. ,
corse [ks] n . . corpse
corset [ksit] n 1. ; 2. ( pl) ;
Corsican [ksikn] n
cortege [ktei ] n ,
Cortes [ktes] n pl ( , )
cortex [kteks] n (pl tices)
1. . ; 2. .
coruscant [krsknt] adj
coruscate [krskeit] v ;

coruscation [ krskei()n] n - 

,
cosaque [kzk] n 



cosecant [ ks knt] n . - 

coseismal [ksaizml] n -
, (.

line, curve)

cosh [k] n

3
cosher [k] v . , - 

:
cosignatory [ ksigntri] n . ()
, 


(r)
cosily [kzili] adv
cosinage [kzni] n


cosine [ksain] n .

cosiness [kzins] n , - 


cosmetic [kzmetik] I adj - 
; II n , - 

cosmetics [kzmetiks] n
; ; syn. 
grease paint, make-up

cosmetology [ kzmtli] n - 


cosmic [kzmik] adj :


cosmogony [kzmgni] n - ()


cosmography [kzmgrfi] n - (r)

cosmology [kzmli] n - 


cosmopolitan [ kzmplit()n] 
I adj ; II n - 


cosmopolitanism [ kzmplitni-

z()m] n
cosmopolite [kzmplait] = cos

mopolitan

cosmos [kzms] n 1. , - 
; 2. 
Cossack [ksk] n 1. ; :
()
2. attr.
cosset [ksit] v , 

cost [kst] I v 1. ; 2. . (r)


, (-

207

costive












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(r)

); II n 1. . , ;
accounting ;
; at any
; at the of
; at one's 
; to count the
; to know to one's
; syn.
charge, expenditure, expense, figure,
payment, price, worth; 2. pl
costive [kstiv] adj 1.
; 2. . ;

costless [kstls] adj ,


costly [kstli] adj 1. , ; syn. dear, expensive, highlypriced, precious, priceless, valuable;
2. , ; syn. excessive, lavish, rich, splendid
costume [kstjm] n , , ; piece . ; syn. clothing,
dress, outfit, vestment
costumier [kstjmi] n ;

cosy [kzi] I adj ; syn.
comfortable, homely, intimate, sheltered, warm; II n ( ; . tea)
cot [kt] n 1. ;
2.
cotangent [ ktnnt] n .

cotenant [ktennt] n
coterie [ktri] n 1. (, . .);
2. ,
cotidal [ktaid()l] a: line (
)
cotillion [ktilin] n
()
cottage [kti] n ; ; industry
; syn. bungalow,
cabin, hut, lodge, shack
208

count
cottager [kti] n 1.
, ; 2. .
cottier [kti] = cottar
cotton [kt()n] n 1. ; ; 2. ; 3. ; a needle and
; 4. ; II v
1.
;

(with); 2. ,
(together, with); to up (to)
; I don't to him at
all ;
III adj 1. ; 2.
cottoncake [kt()nkeik] n
cotton gin [kt()nin] n .

cotton grass [kt()ngrs] n .

cottonmachine [kt()nm n] n

cotton mill [kt()nmil] n
cottonplant [kt()nplnt] n

cottonspinner [kt()n spin] n


1. ; 2.

cottontail [kt()nteil] n
cotton waste [ kt()nweist] n
. 1. ;
2.
cotton weed [kt()nw d] = cud
weed
cottonwood [kt()nwd] adj
cotton wool [kt()nwl] n 1. ; 2.
cottony [kt()ni] adj 1. ; 2. ,
cotton yarn [kt()njn] n
cotyledon [ ktil d()n] n .
couch [ka] I n 1. . ;
2. ; syn. bed, chaise-longue,
divan, sofa; 3. , ;
II v 1. , ( -

); 2. . ; 3. , , ;
the refusal was ed in polite
terms
couchette [ket] n
cougar [kg] n . ,
cough [kf] I n ; II v ; down
(); out ; up ;
, 
cough drop [kfdrp] n

could [kd] past can
couldn't [kdnt] . could
not
coulee [kli] n 1. ; 2. . ;

coulisse [kl s] n ., .
couloir [klw] n
coulomb [klm] n .
coulter [klt] n ,
council [kans()l] n ; town
; of war
; syn. board, committee, conference, congress, parliament
councillor [kans()l] n ;
councilman [kans()lmn] n .
(. )
counsel [kans()l] I n 1. , ; to take ; 2. ; to keep one's
; 
; 3. ; syn. advocate,
attorney, barrister, lawyer, solicitor;
II v ; ;
syn. advise, advocate, direct, instruct,
recommend, suggest, warn
counselling [kansli] n
counsellor [kans()l] n 1. ; syn. adviser, attorney, councillor; 2. ., .
count [kant] I v 1. , , ; syn.
add, calculate, compute, enumerate,











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countability












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estimate, score, total; 2. ,


; syn. consider, judge, reckon, regard; 3. ;
every little s
; for: to for
much (little)
() ; to for nothing
;
; in ; on,
upon ;
out . 
; ,
, ; .
; syn. matter,
signify, tell; II n 1. , ;
; to lose ; of yarn .
; syn. addition, calculation,
computation, enumeration, total;
2.
countability [ kantbilti] n
countable [kantb()l] adj ,
countdown [kantdan] n

countenance [kantnns] I n
1. , ; to
change one's ; to keep one's
; ; to
lose ; to
put one out of ; 2. ; , ;
to lend one's ; ; II v
1. ; 2. ,
counter1 [kant] n 1. ;
; to serve behind the ; 2. . ;
,
counter2 [kant] n 1. ,
( );
2. ( )
counter3 [kant] I n 1. , ; 2. ();

counteroffer
3. . ; ,

( ); as a to . ; 4.
( ); 5. .
; II adj ; ; syn. adverse,
against, conflicting, contradictory,
contrary, opposed, opposing; III adv
; syn. against, in opposition;
IV v 1. , ;
2. ; ;
syn. answer, resist, respond, retort
counter4 [kant] pref ,

counteract [ kantrkt] v 1. ; syn. act against,
contravene, counterbalance, defeat,
negate, oppose, resist; 2.
counteraction [ kantrk()n] n

counteractive [ kantrktiv] I adj


; ; II n 

counterargument [kant gjmnt] n


counterattack [kantr tk] I n
,
;
II v

counterattraction [ kantrtrk()n] n 1. ;
2.
counterbalance [kantblns] I n

; II v ,

counterblast [kantblst] n
counterblow [kantbl] n ,
countercharge [kant] I v
1. ; 2. . ;
; II n
countercheck [kantek] n ;

counterclaim [kantkleim] I n 
, ;

II v

counterclockwise [ kantklk
waiz] adv () - 

counterespionage [ kantrespin ]

n
counterfeit [kantfit] I adj 
1. , ; syn. 

copied, faked, false, forged, pre
tend(ed), pseudo; 2. ; :
II n 1. ; 2. ; ()
III v 1. ; ; 
2. ; syn. copy, fabri-
cate, fake, forge, imitate, simulate; (r)
3. ;
counterfeiter [kantfit] n

counterfoil [kantfil] n
, , . .

counterfort [kantft] n .
,

counterirritant [ kantriritnt] n
. ( . .)

counterjumper

[ kantmp]

. . . counterman
counterman [kantmn] n ,
countermand [ kantmnd] I n
;
; II v 1.
() ; 2. (, )
countermarch [kantm] I n . ; II v

countermark [kantmk] n
countermeasure [kant me ] n

countermine [kant main] I n


; II v 1.
; 2. .












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n .

counteroffer
[kant rf]
n
(r)

209

counterpane












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(r)

counterpane [kantpein] n ( )
counterpart [kantpt] n 1. ; ; syn. complement,
copy, duplicate, equivalent, supplement; 2. ; 3.
, ; 4. .
( )
counterplan
[kantpln]
n

counterplot [kantplt] I n ; II v
counterpoint [kantpint] n .

counterpoise [kantpiz] I n
1. ; 2. ; II v

counterreaction [ kantrik()n]
n

counterrevolutionary [ kantrevlnri] I adj ; II n

counterscarp [kantskp] n .

countershaft [kantft] n .
,

countersign [kant sain] n 1. ; 2. ; ;

II v ( )

countersink [kantsik] I v .

; II n . ,
counterspy [kantspai] n
counterstand [kantstnd] n
countervail [kantveil] v 1. ; 2. ;
; ing duty
counterweigh [ kantwei] v
counterweight [kantweit] n ,
counterwork [kantw:k] I n ; II v ; ()
countess [kantis] n
210

court
countinghouse [kantihas] n

countingroom [kantirm] .
= countinghouse

countless [kantls] adj , , ; syn. endless, incalculable, innumerable, limitless


countrified [kntrifaid] adj
country [kntri] n 1. ; syn.
nation, people, society, state; 2. , ; to leave the ; 3. ; , ; in the
; ; ;
in the open ;
syn. countryside, farmland, rovinces,
wilds; 4. ; 5. . ; ; this subject is quite
unknown to me

country cousin [ kntriikz()n] n
, ,

countrydance [ kntridns] n
()
country house [ kntrihas] n
1. ; 2.
,
countryman [kntrimn] n 1. , ; 2. ,
country music [kntri mjzik] n
"
countryside
[kntri said]
n
1. () ; ;
2. ()
countrywide [kntri waid] adv

countrywoman [kntri wmn] n
1. , ;
2. ;
county [kanti] n ; syn.
area, district, province, region, shire
coup [k] n ;

coup d'etat [ kdeit] . n

coupe [kpei] n - 

couple [kp()l] I n 1. ; 2. - 



; 3. (; 
; ); 4. .
; 5. . ; II v 1.
; 2. ; 3. ..
; 4. ; 5. - 

,

coupling [kp()li] n .. 
, ; .
:
coupon [kpn] n
()
courage [kri] n , - 
, , ; to
muster up , to pluck up - (r)
; syn. boldness, bravery, fearlessness, fortitude, resolution, spirit
courageous [kreis] adj , ,
courant [krnt] n
courier [kri] n 1. ; 2. , , ; syn.
bearer, carrier, envoy, guide, messenger
course [ks] I n 1. ; ; ; syn. direction, path,
road, route, track, way; 2. ; ; of events ; in
the of a year ; in
due ; a matter
of ; of ; syn. advance,
current, flow, movement, progress;
3. ; , ; in , ; 4. , ;
5. (, , ); syn. classes, lectures, lessons,
studies; 6. ; 7.
; 8. .
; II v 1.
( ); ;
2. , ; 3.
coursebook [ks bk] n
courser [ks] n 1. ; 2. .
()
court [kt] I n 1. ; syn. cloister,
courtyard, square, yard; 2. ( . .); 3. ; . .











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court card












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, ; Supreme ; of Appeal
; syn. law-court, session,
trial, tribunal; 4. .
(); 5.
; 6. ; to make
to ; II v , , ;
court card [ktkd] n

courteous [k:tis] adj ,
,
courtesan [ ktizn] n
courtesy [k:tsi] n ,
; ,
; by (the) of
; title , ,
(., honourable); of the port

; syn. attention, civility, consideration, gallantry, manners, politeness
courtezan [ ktizn] = courtesan
courthouse [kthas] n

courtier [kti] n 1. ;
2.
courtliness [ktlins] n
courtly [ktli] adj 1. ;
; 2.
courtmartial [ ktm()l] I n , ; II v

court plaster [kt plst] n
courtroom [kt rm] n

courtship [kip] n
courtyard [ktjd] n

cousin [kz()n] n ; ; ;

couture [ktj] n

covariance [kverins] n

cowardly
cove [kv] I n 1. ; ; 2. . ; ; II v .

covenant [kvnnt] I n 1. ; . ,
; 2. . ;
the books of the Old and the
New
; land of the "; II v
covenanted [kvnntid] I p. p.
covenant; II adj
cover [kv] I v 1. ; ; ; ;
the loan was ed many times
over ;
to one's tracks
; pray be ed ,
; to remain ed
; syn. clothe, coat,
dress, spread, wrap; 2. . ; ; 3. , , ; 4. ; syn. conceal,
disguise, hide, mask, screen, veil;
5. (); 6.
( ); 7. (
. .); 8. . .
( ); in ; (); up , ;  choice of the
end s choice of the means
; II n
1. (); ; ;
; , , ; ; ;
from to
( ); under the same
; syn. bedspread, clothing, coating, dress, top, veil, wrapper;
2. , ; ;
to take ; syn. guard,
protection, refuge, shelter, shield;
3. ; 4. ; 5. ;
under of darkness ; 6. . ; 7. ();
8. = coverpoint


coverage [kvri] n
coverall(s) [kvrlz] n (pl) -

,

covering [kvri] I n 1. 
, ; ; ; 
2. ; ; 3. ,
; 4. ; II a: letter
; party

.
coverlet [kvlt] n ; 



coverpoint [ kvpint] n . :
1. ( ); ()
2. ( 

)
covert [kvt] adj 1. . - (r)
; 2. , ,
; glance ;

coat

coverture [kvtj] n 1. , 
; 2. . - 


coverup [kv(r)p] n 1. - 

; 2.
covet [kvt] v , -

(, )

covetous [kvts] adj , 
;

covetousness [kvtsnis] n - 
:

covey [kvi] n 1. , ()

(. ); to spring a

; 2. (. (r)
, )

cow1 [ka] n 1. ; 2. 

, , . .; 3. pl



cow2 [ka] n 1. ; ; 
2. . , , 

( )
3
cow [ka] v , -

;

coward [kad] I n ; syn. faint
heart, scaredy-cat, sneak; II adj - 
. ;

cowardice [kadis] n 1. ; :
syn. faintheartedness, fear; 2. - ()

;
cowardly [kadli] I adj -
(r)
; II adv

211

cowbell
cowbell [kabel] n

cowberry [kabri] n
cowbird [ka b:d] n
cowboy [ka bi] n .
cower [ka] v ; -











:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

; ( ,
)
cowfish [ka fi] n 1. ; 2.
cowgirl [ka g:l] n
cowheel [kah l] n ( )
cowherd [kah:d] n
cowhide [kahaid] I n 1.
; 2. ;
II v
cowhouse [kahas] n
cowl1 [kal] n 1. , ; ; 2.
;
3. ();
4. .
cowl2 [kal] n ,

cowling [kali] n . ,
cowman [kamn] n 1.
; 2. .
coworker [ kw:k] n
cowpox [kapks] n .

cowshed [kaed] n ,
cowslip [ka slip] n . ,
; .
cox [kks] . . coxswain
coxcomb [kks km] n ,
coxcombical [kks kmik()l] adj
,
coxcombry [kks kmri] n ,
coxswain [kks()n] n 1. ;
2.
coxy [kksi] = cocksy
coy [ki] adj 1. ,
; syn. bashful, coquettish,
diffident, modest, reserved, retiring,
212

craftsman
shy, timid; 2. () ( )
coyness [kins] n
coyote [kit] n .
,
cozen [kz()n] v ,
cozenage [kzni] n ,
cozener [kzn] n
cozy [kzi] = cosy
crab1 [krb] n 1. ;
2.
crab2 [krb] I n 1. . ;
2. (Crab) ( ); 3. . , ;
II v 1. (
); 2. . ,
crabbed [krbid] adj 1. , ; 2.
; 3.
( . .)
crabby [krbi] adj
crablike [krblaik] adj
crabstick [krbstik] n
crack [krk] I n 1. ; 2. , ; ; ; syn.
breach, crevice, fracture, gap, rift,
split; 3. ; syn. blow, burst, clap,
explosion, slap; 4.  
; 5. ( ); 6. .
; 7. . , ; ; II v 1. ,
, ; syn. burst, clap,
crackle, crash, explode, snap; 2. , ; (); , ;
syn. break, burst, chop, fracture,
split; 3. ( );
4. . () ; up . ;
; ;
( );  to a bottle
(); to a
joke ; his brains

are ed ; III adj


;
crackbrained [krk breind] adj
1. , ;
2. ,
( , )
crackdown [krk dan] n
cracked [krkt] adj 1. ;
2. ; 3. ( , );
4. ; ( )
cracker [krk] n 1.
; 2. . ; 3. ; ; 4.
cracking [krki] I pres. p.
crack; II n .
crackle [krk()l] I n ; II v
crackling [krkli] n 1. ,
; 2. ; 3.
cracknel [krkn()l] n
crackpot [krk pt] n
cracksman [krksmn] n
cracky [krki] adj 1. ;
2.
cradle [kreid()l] I n 1. ,
; syn. bed, cot, crib; 2. . , ; syn.
beginning, birthplace, origin, source,
spring; 3. . , , ; 4. . ();
II v 1. ; ; 2. . (
)
craft [krft] n ; syn. ability,
aptitude, art, dexterity, handicraft,
mastery, skill, vocation, work
craftbrother [krft br] n
craftily [krftili] adv 1. ;
2.
craftiness [krftins] n
craftsman [krfmn] n 1. , ; syn. mak-











:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

craftsmanship












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

er, master, smith; 2. ,


craftsmanship [krfmnip] n

craftwork [krftw:k] n
crafty [krfti] adj , ; syn. artful, canny, cunning, deceitful, designing, shrewd, sly
crag [krg] n ,
craggy [krgi] adj 1. , ; 2. ,
cragsman [krgzmn] n
crake [kreik] n . ,

cram [krm] I v 1. ,
; ; syn.
crush, jam, pack, press, squeeze,
stuff; 2. , ;
; 3. ;
, ; (up);
4. . ; II n 1. , ; 2. ;

crammer [krm] n ,
cramp [krmp] I n 1. ,
; 2. . , ; II v
1. , ;
2. (); ,
(), ;
3. .
cramped [krmpt] adj 1. ; 2. ,
( );
3. ( );
4. ( );
5. (
)
crampfish [krmpfi] n .
crampiron [krmp ain] = cram
pon
crampon [krmpn] n 1. . ; 2. pl
crampy [krmpi] adj
cranberry [krnbri] n

craven
crane [krein] I n 1. ; 2. .
() ; ;
3. ; II v 1. ,
(out,
over, down); 2. ; 3. ., . , 
cranial [kreinil] adj
craniometry [ kreinimtri] n ,
cranium [kreinim] n (pl nia)

crank1 [krk] I n . ;
; ; , ; II v 1. ; 2.
crank2 [krk] n 1. ; 2. ,
crankcase [krkkeis] n
cranked [krkt] I p. p. crank;
II adj ,
crankery [krkri] n
crankshaft [krkft] n .
crankweb [krkweb] n .
cranky [krki] adj 1. , ( );
2. . ( );
3. , ; 4. ; ; 5. ,

crannied [krnid] adj


cranny1 [krni] n ;
cranny2 [krni] n . ,

crap [krp] n .
crape [kreip] n 1. ; . ; 2. ,

craped [kreipt] adj 1. ; 2.
crappy [krpi] adj
craps [krps] n .
; ! !
crapulence [krpjlns] n 1. ; 2.


crapy [kreipi] adj
crash [kr] I n 1. ; ;
syn. bang, boom, clang, clash, clatter; 

2. ,

; 3. , - 
, ; syn. accident,
bump, collision, smash, wreck;
4. , ; syn. bank-
ruptcy, collapse, failure, ruin; II adv 
, ; III v 1. - 

, , 
( through, down); :
; to into smth. - ()
 ; to a 
plane ; 2.
, ; (r)
; 3. ; 4. .
. ",
; to
a party ;
to the gate (
. .) ; in

crash course [kr ks] n


crash helmet [kr helmit] n (, , )
crashland [krlnd] v . ()

crass [krs] adj


crassitude [krsitjd] n
,
cratch [kr] n
crate [kreit] I n 1. ;
; 2. . . ; II v ,

crater [kreit] n ;
( )
cravat [krvt] n ;
crave [kreiv] v 1. ;
(for); 2. , ; 3. ( )
craven [kreiv()n] I adj ; ; II n
213











:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

craving












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

craving [kreivi] I pres. p.

crave; II n ,
(for)
craw [kr] n ( )
crawfish [krfi] I n = crayfish;
II v . .
crawl [krl] I v 1. , ;
to about
( ); syn. creep, inch, wriggle, writhe; 2. ; 3. (); 4.
; 5. . . ; II n 1. ,
; 2. ; 3. . (
)
crawler [krl] I n 1. ; 2. ; 3.
; 4. . ;
II adj .
crayfish [kreifi] n 1. ;
2. ,

crayon [krein] n 1. ; ; ;
2. ,

craze [kreiz] I v 1. ; 2.
; II n 1. ; ; syn.
mania, mode, obsession, passion;
2. . , (for); to be the
, ; syn.
fashion, trend, vogue; 3.

crazy [kreizi] adj 1.


; ;
syn. devoted, fanatical, mad, passionate; 2. ; syn.
absurd, foolish, idiotic, imprudent, insane, ludicrous, mad, nonsensical,
senseless, silly; 3. ,
creak [kr k] I n ; II v ; syn. grind, rasp, scrape,
squeak, squeal
creaky [kr ki] adj
214

creditable
cream [kr m] I n 1. ; ;
freezer ; 2. .
,  ,
; the of society
"; syn. best, elite, prime;
3. ( );
syn. cosmetic, emulsion, lotion, oil,
paste; 4. ; 5. attr.
; II v 1. ; 2. ; 3.
cream cheese [ kr m z] n
creamcoloured [kr m kld] adj

creamer [kr m] n
creamery [kr mri] n 1. ; ; 2.
creamware [kr mwe] n

creamwove paper [ kr mwvpeip]


n

creamy [kr mi] adj 1. ;


; 2. ; syn.
cream-coloured, creamed

crease [kr s] I n 1. ; ;
; ;
syn. crumple, fold, line, wrinkle;
2. (); 3.
; 4. , ( ); II v 1. ;
2. (); this material s easi
ly ;
3. ,
creasy [kr si] adj , ;
create [kr eit] v , ; syn. coin, compose, constitute,
design, develop, devise, form, found,
generate, make, produce
creation [kriei()n] n
creationism [krieiniz()m] n
creative [krieitiv] adj ,
; syn. artistic, clever,
gifted, imaginative, ingenious, inventive, talented, visionary
creativity [ kr eitivti] n
creator [krieit] n 1. ; ; ; 2. (the Creator)

creature [kr ] n 1. , - 
; 2. ; syn.
being, body, character, individual, 

mortal, person, soul; 3. ;

4. , ; 5. . 
", ; com
forts ; .


( . .)

creche [kre] n

credence [kr dns] n 1. , - 
; to give to :
; letter of - ()
; 2. 

( ; . table)
credentials [krdenlz] n pl (r)
1. ; ; ; committee 
; syn. card,

certificate, letters of credence,

passport, recommendation, reference, 
testament, testimonial; 2. - 
()

credibility [ krdbilti] n -
, ; syn. plausi-
bility, probability, reliability, trustwor- 

thiness

credible [kredb()l] adj - 
; ; syn. :
believable, possible, probable, reason- ()

able, reliable, sincere, trustworthy
credit [kredit] I n 1. ; ;
(r)
2. ; 3. ;
;

(of,

for);

4. , ; to one's 

 ; to do one

; syn. 
distinction, glory, honour, praise, 
recognition, reputation; 5. . - 
; ; ,
; -

; on ; ;

II v 1. ; ; 2. - 
; 3. ; 
to one with good intentions 
 :
()

creditable [kreditb()l] adj - 

, (
(r)
)

credit card












:
()


(r)

credit card [kredit kd] n -











:
()


(r)

; ; syn. brook, rivulet,


stream, tributary
creel [kr l] n 1. ;
2. .
creep [kr p] I v 1. , ; 2.
( ); 3. . ;
( );
4. , (in,
into, up); to about on tiptoe
; 5. ; ;
it makes my flesh
; 6. .
; 7. . ; II n 1. pl . ; ; 2. . ; ; 3. . , ; 4. .
, ; 5. .

creeper [kr p] n 1. ; 2. ; 3. ; ; 4. pl

creepy [kr pi] adj 1. ,
; 2. ; 3.
cremate [krmeit] v
cremation [krmei()n] n
crematorium [ kremtrim] n (pl
s, ria)











:
()


(r)

creditor [kredit] n 1. ;
2.

credo [kreid] n (pl os) 1. , ; 2. (Credo) .


credulity [krdjlti] n ,

credulous [kredjls] adj ,

creed [kr d] n 1. , ;
2. (. the Creed) ;

creek [kr k] n 1. , ;
; 2. . ;

crime
crematory [kremtri] = cremato
rium

crenellated [krenleitid] adj

crenelle [krinel] n .
Creole [kr l] n 1. , ;
2. , 
creosote [kr st] n .
crepe [kreip] n (); de
Chine

crepitate [krepiteit] v 1. ,
; 2.
crepitation
[ krepitei()n]
n
1. , ; 2.
( )

crept [krept] past p. p. creep


crepuscular [kripskjl] adj 1. ; ; 2. .

crescendo [kriend] adv

crescent [krez()nt] I n 1. ; 2. ;  Crescent

City . ; II adj
1.
,
;
2. ,

cress [kres] n ()
crest [krest] I n 1. (); (); 2. ;
; 3. ; ;
4. (, , );
on the of the wave .
; 5. . (); 6. (); II v
1. ; ;
2. ; 3. .
( )
crested [krestid] I p. p. crest;
II adj ,
,
crestfallen [krest fln] adj .
, ,
; syn. depressed,
disappointed, discouraged, downcast,
downhearted
cretaceous [kriteis] adj .
Cretan [kr tn] I adj ; II n


cretin [kretin] n
cretinism [kretiniz()m] n -



cretonne [kretn] n .

crevasse [krvs] n 

crevice [krevis] n 1. , -
; syn. cleft, crack, fracture, gap,
hole, slit, split; 2. . , - 



crew [kr] n 1. ; 
(); syn. assemblage, :
band, company, crowd, gang, pack, ()
set, team; 2. . 
; 3.
; 4. . - (r)
,

crewel [krl] n 1.

( ); 2.


crewman [krmn] n 
crewmate [krmeit] n - 


crib [krib] I n 1. , ,

; 2. (
); 3. ; 
; II v 1. - 
, - 
; 2. . ; 
:
3.
cribbage [kribi] n (- ()

)

cribble [krib()l] n , , (r)

crick [krik] I n ; 

II v

1
cricket [krikit] n ;  live 
ly (merry) as a 
cricket2 [krikit] n . ; 
not . ; -

3
cricket [krikit] n

;

cricketer [krikit] n - 


:
cried [kraid] past p. p. cry
()
crier [krai] n
crime [kraim] I n , 

; syn. fault, law-breaking,


(r)
misconduct, offence, trespass, wrong215

Crimean












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

doing; II v .
Crimean [kraimin] I n
; II adj
criminal [krimin()l] I adj ; , ; action (law)
(); syn. corrupt, crooked, illegal,
immoral, lawless, unlawful, wrong;
II n ; syn. convict, crook,
delinquent, law-breaker, offender
criminality [ kriminlti] n ;

criminalization [ kriminlaizei()n]
n

criminate [krimineit] v 1.
; ; 2. ,
crimination [ kriminei()n] n
1. ;
2.
criminative [krimintiv] adj ,
criminatory [krimintri] adj ,
criminology [ kriminli] n
crimp [krimp] I n 1. pl ; 2. ; 3. , ; to put a in
( ); II adj 1. ( ); 2.
( ); 3. , ; III v 1. ; ; 2.

crimper [krimp] n 1. (
); 2. .

crimpy1 [krimpi] adj ;


;
crimpy2 [krimpi] adj .

crimson [krimz()n] I adj 


, ; II n 1. ; 2. ; III v
1. ()
; 2.
cringe [krin] I v 1. ; 2.
216

crocus
; ( );
II n
cringer [krin] n
cringle [krigl] n . ;

crinkle [krik()l] I n 1. , ; syn. curl, fold, twist, wrinkle; 2. , ; II v


1. ; 2. ();
3. ()
crinoline [krinlin] n 1.
; 2. ;
3. .
cripple [kripl] I n 1. , ; 2. ()
; II v 1. , ;
; syn.
cramp, damage, destroy, disable, incapacitate, injure, paralyse, ruin, spoil,
weaken; 2. ,
,
crisis [kraisis] n (pl crises) ;
(); syn. catastrophe, difficulty, disaster, emergency,
trouble
crisp [krisp] I adj 1. , ; 2. , ;
syn. brittle, crumbly, crunchy; 3. , ,
( ); syn. bracing, brisk, fresh,
refreshing; 4. , ( ); 5. ,
(, , );
6. , (.
limp II); 7. ; II v
1. (); 2. ; ; 3. ; 4. .
crispy [krispi] adj
crisscross [kris krs] I adj ; II adv 1. 
; 2. ; III n 1.
( );
2. ; IV v

criterion [kraitirin] n (pl ia)


,
critic [kritik] n 1. ; 2.

critical [kritik()l] adj 1. - 


; syn. crucial, decisive, momen-
tous, serious, urgent, vital; 2. - 

; 3. . ; 
; ; 
4. . ;
criticality [ kritiklti] n -

criticism [kriti siz()m] n 1. - 


; syn. blame, censure, disapproval, 

fault-finding; 2. 
,
:
criticize [kritisaiz] v 1. ; ()
2.

critique [krit k] n 1. ;
(r)
; 2.
croak [krk] I n ; ; II v 1. ; ; 
2. , ; 3. -

, ; 4. .

; 5. .

croaker [krk] n 1. , 
; 2. ; -



croaky [krki] adj

Croat [krt] n

Croatian [krei()n] adj 


crochet [krei] I n 1. :
, ()
; 2. ; 

II v
(r)
crock [krk] n
crock1 [krk] n 1. ; 2.
crock2 [krk] I . n
; II v 1. ();
2. ,
( ); 3. ,
( )

crockery [krkri] n (, )

crocky [krki] adj


crocodile [krkdail] n ;
tears
crocodilian [ krkdilin] adj

crocus [krks] n 1. . ;
; 2. . (
)











:
()


(r)

croissant












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

croissant [krws] n
crone [krn] n ,

crony [krni] n ,

crosslight
cross [krs] I n 1. ; ;
2. (the Cross) ;
3. , ;
4. . , ; 5. , t, f;

cronyism [krni iz()m] n


crook [krk] I n 1. ; 2. ;
3. , , (.,
, ); a in the back (in

6. . ,
(); II adj 1. ; -

the nose) (
); 4. . , ;
on the . ;
syn. cheat, rogue, shark, villain; II v
(); , ;
();
crookback(ed) [krkbkt] adj

crooked [krkid] adj 1. ,


; nail . ; syn.
angled, bent, bowed, curved, hooked,
twisted, zigzag; 2. ;
; 3. . ; ; ;
syn. crafty, deceitful, dishonest,
unlawful; 4.
; 5. ,

crookedness [krkidns] n
croon [krn] I n ,
; II v
crooner [krn] n
crop [krp] I n 1. , ;
; ; a heavy
; syn. fruits, harvest,
produce; 2. ( ); 3. ; 4.
; 5. ; ; 6. ; II v 1. , ; ;
2. , ; 3. , ( . .)
cropland [krplnd] n

cropper [krp] n ,
croquet [krki] I n ; II v

croquette [krket] . n
( , , )

;
;
3. , , ;
he is with you
; as as two sticks
; ; III v 1. (. , );
2. . (); 3. ; 4. ;
(); ; . .
. ; to the Chan
nel ,
; to the floor of the
House .
; to one's path
;
 ; syn.
bridge, go across, traverse; 5. ; ( ,
); 6. ,
; off, out ; over , , , ;  to one's mind
( )
crossarm [krsm] n . ,
crossbar [krs b] n 1. . , ; 2. .
( );
(
. .)
crossbeam [krsb m] n . ,
cross bench [krsben] n

crossbill [kr sbil] n ()
crossbred [krs bred] adj ,
crossbreed [krs br d] I n ,
; II v

2. ( ); -

crosscheck [ krsek] n 

crosscountry [krskntri] adj 



, 
;
;
race 
. ,
; flight

crosscut [krskt] I n 

; II adj

crossexamination [ krsigzm
nei()n] n . :
-
()
crossexamine [ krsigzmin] v 
.
; syn. interrogate, question, (r)
quiz

crosseyed [ krsaid] adj ,

crossfertilize [ krsf:tlaiz] v
1. .
; 2.
. .

cross fire [krs fai] n 1. . ; 2.


;
crossgrained [ krsgreind] adj
1. ( ); 2. ,
crosshatch [krsh] v
crosshead [krshed] n .
1. , ; 2.
crossheading [krs hedi] n ( )
crossing [krsi] n 1. ;
; ; 2. ; ( );
3. , ;
4. . ; 5. .. ; ; 6. . ;
7. .
crosslegged [krslegid] adj ,
"
crosslight [krslait] n 1. ; 2. .
217











:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

crossly












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)


crossly [krsli] adv ,
;
crossover [krsv] n
crosspatch [krsp] n .
crosspiece [krsp s] n 1. ; . ; 2. .

cross purpose [krspps] n ,


; to be at cross pur
poses

cross question [ krskwes()n] n
. ,

crossreference [ krsref()rns] n

crossroad [krsrd] n
, ; at the cross
roads
cross section [krssek()n] n ,
,
crossstitch [krssti] n
;
crosstrees [krstr z] n pl .
crosswise [krswaiz] adv ; 
crossword [krs w:d] n
crotch [kr] n (); .
crotchet [krit] n 1. ;
; 2. .
crotcheteer [ krti] n ,

crotchety [krti] adj ;
crouch [kra] v 1. , ; to one's
back ( );
2. , (
)
croup1 [krp] n ()
218

cruciform
croup2, croupe [krp] n ,
()

croupier [krpi] n 1. , ; 2.

crouse [krs] adj e


crow1 [kr] I n 1. ; as the
flies in a line
; 2. ; 3. (); 4. .
crowbar;  to eat (boiled)
. . 
; , ; to have
a to pick ( to pluck) with
one ; II v
(crowed, crew; crowed) 1.
; 2.
( ); ; over

crow2 [kr] n ; ;
crowbar [krb] n . , ,

crowbill [krbil] n
crowd [krad] I n 1. ; he
might pass in the
; syn. assembly, flock, herd,
mass, masses, multitude, pack, people,
public; 2. . , ;
3. ; ; 4. , ; 5. of sail
. ; II v
1. , ,
(); () ;
syn. congest, gather, mass, pack,
pile, press, push, squeeze; 2. .
, ;
3. . , ; 4. .
; ,
(to a man for
payment); into, through , ; out

crowded [kradid] adj 1. , ;


streets ,
; 2. , ; life with great events

, ;
3. . ,
crown [kran] I n 1. , ;
syn. coronet, diadem, garland;
2. (Crown) , ;
, , ; to succeed to the ; syn. monarch,
monarchy, royalty, sovereign, sovereignty; 3. (Crown) ; ( );
4. (); 5. , ; 6. ,
; syn. apex, crest, summit,
top; 7. , , ;
8. (); II v 1. ;
; syn. dignify, honour,
reward; 2. ; 3. ; 4. , ; ; 5.
( )
Crown Colony [ kranklni] n
,

crown glass [ krangls] n ( )


Crown prince [ kranprins] n , ,
crow'snest [krznest] n 1. ; 2. . ( )
croze [krz] n ( )
crucial [kr()l] adj 1.
( experiment);
( period); syn. critical, decisive,
key, momentous, pressing, urgent,
vital; 2. .
crucian [krn] n
cruciate [krieit] adj ., .

crucible [krsb()l] n ; .
cruciferous [krsifrs] adj .

crucifix [krsifiks] n
crucifixion [ krsifik()n] n ( )
cruciform [krsifm] adj











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crucify [krsifai] v
crud [krd] n
crude [krd] adj 1. , ; syn. natural, raw, rough, unpolished, unprocessed; 2. ; 3. ; ; 4. ; syn. coarse,
indecent, rude, vulgar; 5. ;
; 6. ( ); 7. ( )
crudity [krdti] n , .
cruel [krl] adj 1. ; syn.
bitter, brutal, callous, ferocious, fierce,
heartless, inhuman, merciless, pitiless,
ruthless, severe, unkind; 2. ; 3.
cruelly [krli] adv 1. ;
; 2.
cruelty [krlti] n ; , ; syn.
barbarity, brutality, callousness, ferocity, hard-heartedness, harshness, ruthlessness, savagery
cruet [krit] n 1. , ;
2. .
cruetstand [kritnd] n
( )
cruise [krz] I v . ; ; cruising
speed

;
cruising submarine . ; II n
; ,
cruiser [krz] n . ;
carrier . ;
 weight

crumb [krm] I n 1. (.
); brush ;
2. (); 3. pl .
, ; s of informa
tion ; II v
1. ; 2. ; ; 3. ( )
crumble [krmb()l] v 1. ; ; ;

cry
2. , ,
( ); syn. break up, crush,
decay, fragment, grind, powder;
3. , ,
crumbly [krmbli] adj , ,
crumby [krmbi] adj 1.
; 2. ( ); 3. . ; 4.
crummy [krmi] adj = crumby
crump [krmp] I v 1.
; 2. . . ,
; II n 1.
; ; 2. .
. ;

crumpet [krmpit] n 1. ;
2. . ; barmy on the
,
crumple [krmp()l] v 1. ();
(); ; ; 2. , ;
3. .
crunch [krn] v 1. ; ; 2. ; ; II n ; ;
crunchy [krni] adj
cruor [kr] n
crural [krrl] adj .
crusade [krseid] I n 1. . ; 2. . , ; temper
ance ;
II v ;

crush [kr] I v 1. ; to
a bottle of wine , " (); 2. , (); 3. , , ; syn.
break, crumble, crumple, pound,
press, smash, squash, squeeze; 4. ; 5. (); 6. .
, , ; down ; ;
. ; II n 1. ; ; 2. ; ; 3. .

; 4. . , ; 5.
crusher [kr] n 1. , ; 2. . ;
; ; 3. .
crushproof [krprf] adj
crust [krst] I n 1. ();
. ; to
earn one's ; 2. . ,
:
, ,
( ) . .; syn.
coat, coating, covering, layer, shell,
skin, surface; 3. . ;
; 4. ( );
II v () ,
crusted [krstid] adj 1.
; 2.
( ); 3. . ;
crustily [krstili] adv ;

crustiness [krstins] n ;
crusty [krsti] adj 1. , ; 2. . ;
; ; syn.
brusque, curt, irritable, prickly, shorttempered, touchy
crutch [kr] n 1. ; ; ; 2.
( . .); 3. .
, ; 4. . ;
crux [krks] n , .

cry [krai] I v (cried) 1. ,


, ; syn. call,
exclaim, scream, shout, shriek;
2. ; there's no use to
( crying) over spilt milk .
; syn.
sob, wail, weep, whimper; 3. ; ; . .: down ; ;
219











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; ; for ,
; to for the moon
; off ,
. ., ; out
, ; to one's heart out
; up ,
;  to halves ; to shame upon
, ; to stinking
fish ;
; to wolf
; II n (pl cries)
1. ; much and little wool =
; 2. ;
3. ; 4. (
); 5. ; 6.
; 7. (London cries); 8. ; on
the ; 9. ;
. ; the popular
, ";  far
; ; in full
crybaby [krai beibi] n ,
crying [kraii] adj 1. ,
; 2. ,
cryobiology [ kraibaili] n

cryochemistry [ kraikemistri] n

cryogen [krain] n
cryogenic [ kraienik] adj
cryogenics [ kraieniks] n

cryopreservation [ krai prezvei()n] n


crypt [kript] n 1. ,
; 2. . ; 3. ,

cryptic [kriptik] adj 1. ,


; ; syn.
ambiguous, bizarre, dark, enigmatic,
mysterious, strange; 2. ., .
,
220

culdesac
cryptogram [kriptgrm] n , ;
cryptographer [kriptgrf] n
cryptographic [ kriptgrfik] adj

cryptography [kriptgrfi] n
cryptology [kriptli] n
crystal [krist()l] I n 1. ;
; 2. ;
3. (. .
, , , ); 4.
; II adj
1. ; 2. ; 3. , ,

crystalgazing [krist()l geizi] n



"
crystalline [kristlain] = crystal;
lens . ()
crystallinity [ kristlinti] n
crystallite [kristlait] n
crystallize [kristlaiz] v 1. (); 2. . ;
3. ()
crystallography [ kristlgrfi] n

crystalloid [kristlid] I adj ; II n


cub [kb] I n 1. . ;
2. ., . ,
; II v 1. ; 2.
cube [kjb] I n 1. . ; the
of 4 is 64 4 64;
2. ( ); II v
1. . ; 2. , ;
3.
cubic(al) [kjbik()l] adj
cubicle [kjbik()l] n ;
cubiform [kjbifm] adj

cubism [kjbiz()m] n . 

cubist [kjbist] n
cubit [kjbit] n . ( 

= 45 )

cuboid [kjbid] I adj 
; II n 1. .
( );

2. .
cuckold [kkld] I n - 
, ; II v - 



cuckoo [kk] I n 1. ; :
2. . , ; II adj ()
. , - 

; III int !
cuckoo clock [kkklk] n (r)

cuckooflower [kkfla] n . 
1. ; 2. ,



cucumber [kjkmb] n ; 
 as cool as a , 
,

cud [kd] n ; to chew the


; . -

;

cuddle [kd()l] v ()

cudgel [kl] I n ; to take 
up the s for  :
; ; II v ()
; to one's brains - 


cudweed [kdw d] n . - (r)

cue1 [kj] n 1. . ; 

syn. hint, incentive, key, sign, signal,



stimulus; 2. ; to give one the 
, ; 3. . 
,


cue2 [kj] n
1
cuff [kf] n ; ; syn.
bat, beat, box, clap, knock, slap,

strike, thump

cuff2 [kf] I n ; II v - 


cuisine [kwiz n] n , :
(; ); ()

French

culdesac [kldsk] n . (r)


.

culinary












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(r)

culinary [klinri] adj 1. , ; 2.


( )
cull [kl] I v 1. ();
2. ; ; II n pl
( ; . .
)
cullender [klnd] = colander
culminate [klmineit] v 1. ;
2. .
culmination [ klminei()n] n
1.

;
2. . ;
culpability [ klpbilti] n .
culpable [klpb()l] adj ; ,

culprit [klprit] n 1. ;
syn. criminal, delinquent, Jawbreaker, offender; 2. ;

cult [klt] n ,
cultic [kltik] adj
cultivar [kltiv] n

cultivate [kltiveit] v
(); cultivated area
; one's mind
; syn. farm, fertilise, plant, develop, encourage, polish, prepare, support, work on
cultivated [klti veitid] adj 1. ;
;
area ; 2. . , ;
cultivation [ kltivei()n] n 1. (); ,
(, .
.); 2. ( ),
cultivator [kltiveit] n 1. ,
; 2. ; 3. (..
)
cultural [klrl] adj 1. ; syn. artistic, arty, civilising,
educational, humanising, liberal;

curable
2. .. ;

culture [kl] n 1. ; syn.


civilisation, lifestyle, society, the arts;
2. ;
, ; of
wine
; syn. agriculture, farming,
tending; 3. . , ; 4.

culver [klv] n
culvert [klvt] n 1. ; ; 2. .
cumber [kmb] I v ,
; II n ,
cumbersome [kmbs()m] adj
1. ; ; 2.
Cumbrian [kmbrin] I adj ; II n
cumbrous [kmbrs] = cumber
some
cumin [kmin] n
cummerbund [kmbnd] n
cummin [kmin] = cumin
cumulate [kjmjleit] n
cumulation [ kjmjlei()n] n ;
cumulative [kjmjltiv] adj , ; ; evidence . ; voting .
,

, ,

; syn. accumulative, additive,
collective

cumulonimbus [ kjmjlnimbs]
n 

cumulus [kjmjls] n (pl li)


1. ; 2. ,

cuneal [kjnil] adj - 

cuneiform [kjnifm] I adj - 



; II n

( )

cunning [kni] I n 1. . -
; 2. , ;
II adj 1. . , -
, ; 2. , - 

; syn. artful, canny, crafty,

dexterous, ingenious, skilful, tricky;

3. . . , - :
, , ; ()


cup [kp] I n 1. (); ; to


be in one's ; a (r)
bitter ; s that
cheer, but not inebriate" ;
2. . (); 3. .
(); 4. . , ; 5. . = cupping
glass; II v 1. . ; 2. .
;
cupboard [kbd] n , ;
syn. cabinet, closet, locker, wardrobe
cupcake [kpkeik] n
cupel [kjpel] I n ; II v ( )
cupful [kpfl] n
()
cupid [kjpid] n
cupidity [kjpidti] n ,
;
cupola [kjpl] n
cupriferous [kjprifrs] adj
cuprite [kjprait] n ,
cuprous [kjprs] adj .: chlo
ride ; oxide
cur [k:] n 1. (. ,
); 2. ,
curability [ kjrbilti] n
curable [kjrb()l] adj
221











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curacao [kjrs] n

curacy [kjrsi] n 1. ; 2. ()
curare [kjrri] n
curate [kjrt] n ,

curative [kjrtiv] I adj -

, ; II n

curator [kjreit] n
(. )
curb [k:b] I n 1. . ; ; 2. . ;
; II v 1. ; syn.
constrain, moderate, repress, restrain,
restrict, subdue, suppress; 2. ,

curbstone [k:bstn] = kerb


stone; broker . ,

curcuma [k:kjm] = turmeric
curd [k:d] n 1. ; 2. (. pl)
curdle [k:d()l] v (), ; the
blood . ; syn.
condense, ferment, sour, thicken
curdy [k:di] adj ,

cure1 [kj] I n 1. ; ; syn. healing, medicine, remedy,


treatment; 2. ; 3. .
( ); ;
II v 1. , ; syn.
correct, heal, help, relieve, remedy,
restore; 2. , ; syn. dry, pickle, preserve,
salt
cure2 [kj] n .
cureall [kjrl] n , ,

cureless [kjls] adj
curette [kjret] . I n ,
; II v

curfew [k:fj] n
; .
222

cursedly
curio [kjri] n (pl os) ,

curiosa [ kjriz] n
curiosity [ kjristi] n 1. ; syn. interest, nosiness,
prying; 2. ; 3. , ; shop , ";
syn. curio, novelty, rarity
curious [kjris] adj 1. ; syn. enquiring, puzzling, questioning; 2. , ;
syn. bizarre, exotic, extraordinary,
funny, odd, peculiar, queer, rare,
unique, unusual
curiously [kjrisli] adv ;

curl [k:l] I v 1. ();


() ( ); ; to
one's lip
; 2. , ( ,
); 3. ( ); II n 1. ; ; pl
; 2. ; , (); 3. ( ); 4. ,

curler [k:l] n
curlew [k:lj] n ()
curling [k:li] pres. p., adj .
curling irons [k:li ainz] n pl

curling tongs [k:litz] = curl
ing irons
curlpaper [k:l peip] n
curly [k:li] adj 1. ; : ; ;
2. ; grain , ( )
curmudgeon [k:m()n] n .
1. ; 2. ,
curn [k:n] n
currant [krnt] n 1. ;
2.
currency [krnsi] n 1.
; 2. , ;
syn. bills, coins, money, notes;
3. , -

; this word is in common



; to give to
current [krnt] I adj 1. ;
; coin
; . ; syn.
accepted, circulating, common,
contemporary, popular, present,
prevalent, up-to-date, widespread;
2. ; 3.
(); II n 1. ; ; syn.
atmosphere, draught, drift, flow, jet,
stream; 2. ; (
. .); 3. . ; 4. . ,
curricle [krik()l] n .

curricular [krikjl] adj
curriculum [krikjlm] n (pl la)
,
(, , )
curried [krid] adj
currier [kri] n
currish [k:ri] adj ; ;
curry1 [kri] I n a (
); ,
; II v
a
curry2 [kri] v 1. ; 2. ;  to
favour
currycomb [krikm] n ( )
curse [k:s] I n 1. ; ; don't care a ; syn. obscenity, swearing, swearword; 2. . , ; II v
1. ; ; syn. blaspheme, swear; 2. ;
3. .
cursed [k:sid] I adj 1. ,
; 2. ;
II adv ,
cursedly [k:sidli] adv ;
,











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cursive [k:siv] I n , -

; II adj ;
cursor [k:s] n 1. . ,
, ( );
2. .
cursorial [k:sril] adj
( )
cursory [k:sri] adj ,
curst [k:st] = cursed
curt [k:t] adj 1. ;
( ); 2. 
( )
curtail [k:teil] v , , ; syn. abbreviate, abridge, cut, lessen, reduce,
shorten, trim
curtailment [k:teilmnt] n ,
curtain [k:t()n] I n 1. ;
; falls ;
; to lift
the ; . ( ); be
hind the . ,
; syn. drapery, hanging,
tapestry, wall-hanging; 2. . ; II v ; to off

curtainfire [k:tn fai] n .
curtainraiser [k:tn reiz] n ,
curtilage [k:tli] n . ,

curtsey [k:tsi] I n , ; II v
curtsy [k:tsi] I n , ; to drop a ,
; II v ,

curvature [k:v] n 1. ,
; 2. , ,

curve [k:v] I n 1. ();


; syn. bend, trajectory, turn;
2. , , ;
piece . ; 3. ;

cut
II v , , ();
syn. bend, bow, turn, twist, wind

curved [k:vd] adj


curvilinear [ k:vilini] adj

cushion [k()n] I n 1. ()
; syn. buffer, pad, pillow;
2. (); 3.
( ); 4. .
, ; II v 1. ;
; 2. , ; 3.
()
cushiony [k()ni] adj
; ,
cushy [ki] adj 1. .
; a job
"; 2.
( )
cusp [ksp] n 1. ; 2. ; ; ; 3.
; 4.
( )
cuspid [kspid] n .
cuspidal [kspid()l] adj
cuspidate(d) [kspideitid] adj

cuss [ks] . . I n 1. ; not to care a


; 2. ; 3. , ""; II v

custard [kstd] n
custodian [kstdin] n ;
; ; syn. caretaker,
guardian, keeper, protector, warden,
watchman
custody [kstdi] n 1. , ; , ; syn.
care, charge, guardianship, protection,
safe-keeping; 2. , ; to take into ,
; syn. arrest, confinement, detention, imprisonment
custom [kstm] I n 1. ;
; syn. formality, habit, manner, practice, ritual, routine, tradition,
usage, use; 2. ; -

; 3. ; 4. pl
; II adj . ; clothes ,

customable [kstmb()l] adj

customary [kstmri] adj , ;
, ; law
; syn. accepted, common, confirmed, conventional, established,
every-day, normal, ordinary, regular,
traditional, usual
custombuilt [ kstmbilt] adj .

customer [kstm] n ;
, ; ram , queer
, ; syn.
buyer, client, consumer, purchaser,
shopper
customhouse [kstmhas] n
custommade [ kstmmeid] = cus
tombuilt
cut [kt] I v (cut) 1. , ,
, ; syn. carve,
chop, clip, part, pierce, slice, split,
trim; 2. , ; ; (); 3. ,
(); 4. ; the coat
according to the cloth =
; 5. , ( , ); , ; ; , ( ); 6.
(); 7. , (, ); syn. abbreviate, abridge, curtail, reduce, shorten;
8. (, ); 9. () ( , );
10. ,
, ;
to one dead ; 11. , ; to
a lecture ;
12. . ; 13. . ; to for partners
223











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; 14. , ;
. .: at
(, .);
away ; . ;
down (); (); ( ,
; pass.); in ; . ; loose , ; to oneself
loose from one's family
; off , ;
;
; ();
(, ); out ;
; . ; . ; . ; . ; to
be out for ...; over .
; to: to to the heart, to
the quick (
); to to pieces
. ; ; under ( );
up , ; ; ; II n
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5. ,
cut2 [kt] n 1. , ; ;
, ; 2. ; a
from the joint ();
3. ; 4. ( ,
); 5. (, ); 6. ;
7. ();
8. . ();
9. ; ; 10. . , ; 11. , ;
()
cut3 [kt] adj: flowers
; glass
; horse
; sugar ;
and dried ; ,
cutaway [ktwei] n
cutback [ktbk] n
224

cyclotron
cutdown [ktdan] n
cute [kjt] adj (. acute)
,

cutesy [kji] adj


cutie [kjti] n
cutlet [ktlt] n
cutoff [ktf] n 1. .
; 2. .  ( );
3.
; 4. . , ( )
cutout [ktat] n 1. . ; ; ; ;
2. , , ,

cutprice [ kt prais] adj


cutter [kt] n 1. ; ; 2. ( ,
); 3.
; ; ; ;
4. . ; 5. .

cutthroat [ktrt] n ,
; competition ,
cutting [kti] I n 1. ;
; ; ; ; 2. ; 3.
(, ); 4. , , ; 5. ;
II adj 1. , ; ; syn. biting, keen, malicious,
pointed, sarcastic, sharp; 2. ; syn. chill
cutting edge [kti e] n

cuttle1 [ktl] n . ;
(. fish)
cuttle2 [ktl] n
cuttlefish [ktlfi] n .
cutwater [kt wt] n 1. . ; ; 2. .
()
cutworm [ktw:m] n .


cuvette [kjvet] n .
CV [ s v ] n (. curriculum

vitae)

cyanic [sainik] adj . 
; acid

cyanide [sainaid] n . -
; of potassium


cyanogen [sainn] n . 
cyanosis [ sainsis] n . - 

,

cyberculture [saib kl] n - :

()
cybernation [ saibnei()n] n - 

cybernetic [ saibnetik] adj - (r)

cyberspace [ saibspeis] n - 


cyborg [saibg] n

cyclamen [siklmn] n . - 


cyclase [saikleis] n

cycle [saik()l] I n 1. ; ;
syn. circle, period, rotation, round;
2. . (. bicycle) - 

; 3. . () ,

; II v 1. , 
; 2.
:
cyclic(al) [siklik()l] adj - ()


cycling [saikli] I pres. p. cy


(r)
cle; II n

cyclist [saiklist] n
cyclo [saikl] n ee 


cycloid [saiklid] n . 
cyclometer [saiklmit] n - 
()

cyclone [saikln] adj -

cyclopaedia [ saiklp di] n (.



encyclopaedia)

cyclopaedic [ saiklp dik] adj 
(. encyclopaedic) - 
:

Cyclopean [ saiklp n] adj - ()


; , 

cyclotron [saikltrn] n . (r)

cygnet












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(r)

cygnet [signt] n
cylinder [silind] n 1. . ; 2. . ; ,
; ; head
; 3. () ;
4.
cylindrical [slindrik()l] adj -

daiquiri
czar [z] n
czarevitch [zrivi] n
czarist [zrist] adj
Czech [ek] I n 1. ; 2.
; II adj

cymbal [simb()l] n 1. . ; 2. pl .
cymograph [saimgrf] n

cynic [sinik] n
cynical [sinik()l] adj ; ; syn. contemptuous, ironic, pessimistic, sarcastic,
sceptical
cynicism [sini siz()m] n ;
syn. disbelief, pessimism, sarcasm
cynosure [sainsj] n 1.
; 2.
; 3. . ;
Cynthia [sini] n . ,

cypher [saif] = cipher


cypress [saiprs] n .
cyprian [siprin] adj
Cyprian [siprin] I adj 1. ;
2. ; II n 1.
; 2.
Cypriot [siprit] n ,
Cyrillic [srilik] adj: alphabet
( )
cyrus [sairs] n
cyst [sist] n 1. . ; .
; 2. .
cysteine [sisti n] n
cystic [sistik] adj .
cystitis [sistaitis] n . ,
cytology [saitli] n
,
cytoplasm [sait plz()m] n . ,

cytostatic [ saitsttik] n

D, d [d ] n 1. 4 . ; 2. . ; 3. . , D; 4. attr.

'd [d ] . . had, should,


would I, you .; he'd go

dab1 [db] I n ; II v
dab2 [db] n . ,
dabble [db()l] v: at . ; ; syn. paddle,
splash, sprinkle, wet
dabbler [dbl] n . ,
dabby [dbi] adj
dabster [dbst] n 1. (. .) , ; 2. .

dace [deis] n (pl dace) ();

dachshund [dks()nd] n
( )
dacron [dkrn] n
dactyl [dktil] n 1. ;
2. . ()
dactylic [dktilik] I adj ; II n (. pl)
dactylogram [dktilgrm] n
dactylography [ dktilgrfi] n

dactylology [ dktilli] n ,
dad, daddy [dd, ddi] n . ,

daddy long legs [ ddillegz] n 


1. (); 2. -



dado [deid] I n (pl oes) .

1. ; ; 2. 
(); II v 1.
; 2. .

,
daedal [d dl] adj . 1. - 

; 2. ,

daemonic [dimnik] = demonic

daffodil [dfdil] n 1. .  :
; 2. - ()



daffodilly [dfdili] = daffodil


(r)
daffy [dfi] = daft
daft [dft] adj . 1. ; ; to go 
, ; 2.


dagger [dg] I n 1. ; to 
be at s drawn ; 
to look (to speak) s 
(); -

(); 2. .

; II v 1. 
; 2. . - 



dahlia [deili] n .
Dail Eireann [ dilern] . n :
- ()


daily [deili] I adv ; (r)

II adj ; ; it
is of occurrence
; bread
; duty ; syn. common, customary, everyday, normal,
ordinary, regular; III n

daintiness [deintins] n ,
dainty [deinti] I adj 1. ; , ; syn.
charming,
delicate,
exquisite,
fine, graceful, neat, pretty, refined;
2. ; syn. delicious; 3. ( ); II n ,
daiquiri [daikri] n
225











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dairy












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(r)

dairy [deri] n 1. ; ; 2. ; 3. . dairy


farm; produce

dairy farm [derifm] n

dairying [derii] n ,

dairymaid [derimeid] n
;
dairyman [derimn] n 1.
;
2.
dais [deiis] n ,
(.
)
daisy [deizi] n 1. ;
2. . ();
3. .  , ; to turn up one's toes
to the daisies .
dale [deil] n . ,
(. . , .,
Clydesdale); up hill and down
,
dalesman [deilzmn] n ( )
dalle [dl] n
dalliance [dlins] n 1.
; 2. ; 3.
; 4.
,
dally [dli] v 1. ; ; to with an
idea (
); 2. ,
; off
; 

Dalmatian [dlmei()n] I adj


; II n
dalmatic [dlmtik] n . (
)
daltonism [dltniz()m] n .

dam1 [dm] n , ( )
226

dampen
dam2 [dm] I n 1. , ,
, ; ; ;
2. ; II v (up); out
()
damage [dmi] I n 1. ; ; syn. destruction, harm,
hurt, injury, loss, mischief, suffering;
2. ; ; 3. pl . , ; to
bring an action of s against
; 4. .
; what's the ?
?; I will stand the
; II v 1. , ; syn. deface, harm, hurt, injure,
ruin, spoil, wreck; 2.
, ; 3. . ;
4. ,
damageable [dmib()l] adj

daman [deimn] n .
damascene1 [dms n] n

damascene2 [dms n] v
; ()
damask [dmsk] I n 1. ,
(
); 2.
( ); 3. .
; ; 4.
; II adj 1. ; 2. .
,
; 3. ; III v

dame [deim] n . , ;
Dame
Nature
;
Dame Fortune
dammar [dm] n ,
damme [dmi] int (. damn
me) !
damn [dm] I v 1. ; I'll
be ed if , ;
syn. abuse, blaspheme, censure, condemn, criticise, curse, denounce,
swear; 2. ; to a play , ;

3. ; II n 1. ; 
2. ; 3.
; not to care a - 

, 
"

damnable [dmnb()l] adj 1. -
; 2. .

,
damnably [dmnbli] adj 1. - 
; 2. . , - 



damnation [dmnei()n] I n 1. - :
; may take him! ()
!; syn. anathema, condem- 
nation, denunciation; 2. . -
( ); 3. - (r)
, ;
(); II int !
damnatory
[dmntri]
adj
1. ; 2. .
( )
damned [dmd] adj 1. , ; 2. (
); none
of your nonsense! !; it is hot
damnific [dmnifik] adj
damnification [ dmnifikei()n] n
. ,
damnify [dmnifai] v
,
damning [dmi]
; .
damp [dmp] I n 1. , ; syn. dampness, dew, drizzle,
fog, humidity, mist, moisture, vapour,
wet; 2. ; 3. , ;
4. ., ; II adj ,
; III v 1. , ; 2. ,
(); 3. , ; 4. .
;
(); 5. . ,
dampen [dmpn] v 1. = damp;
2. , ; syn. moisten, spray, wet











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(r)

damper












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:
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(r)

damper [dmp] n 1. . ; ; ;
2. ( ); ; 3. .  ; to put a on
,
damping [dmpi] n 1. ; ; ; 2. . ; 3. ,
dampish [dmpi] adj ,

dampness [dmpnis] n
dampproof [dmpprf] adj ,
dampy [dmpi] adj 1. ;
2. . ,
damsel [dmz()l] n ., .

damson [dmz()n] n ,

damson cheese [dmz()n z] n

damsoncoloured [dmz()n kld] adj  (


)

dan1 [dn] n ., . ,
(Dan Chaucer, Cupid)
dan2 [dn] n .
dance [dns] I v 1. , ; to to one's tune, to one's
whistle one's piping
; to attendance
(upon) 
; to to another
tune "; to upon
nothing . ; syn. caper, gambol, hop, jig,
rock, skip, spin, sway, swing, whirl;
2. , ; 3.
( ); ( );
( ); 4.
(); II n 1. ; St Vitus
. ; syn. ball, hop, social; 2. , ;
3. ( ); 4.
;  to lead a person a
(pretty) 
, "

dare
dancer [dns] n ; , , ; at shows
, ; merry s
; syn. ballerina,
ballet dancer, prima ballerina, tapdancer
dancing [dnsi] n , ;
master ; party

dandelion [dndi lain] n
dander1 [dnd] n . , ; to get one's up (), ,

dander2 [dnd] . = dandruff


dandify [dndifai] v ; dandified appearance ,
dandle [dnd()l] v 1.
();
2. ;
dandruff [dndrf] n
dandy [dndi] I n 1. , ; 2. .  (the ); 3. .
;
4. . ; 5. .
; II adj 1. ; syn. excellent, fine, firstrate, great, splendid; 2. . ,
dandy brush [dndibr] n , (
)
dandyish [dndii] adj
Dane [dein] n 1. ; ; 2. (. Great )
Danelagh [deinl] = Danelaw
Danelaw [deinl] n . 1. (
.. ); 2. ,

danger [dein] n 1. ;
arrow ,
(
); syn. endangerment, hazard, insecurity, jeopardy,

peril, risk,
2.

threat,

vulnerability; 

dangerous [deinrs] adj - 



; to look 
; syn. critical, haz- 
ardous, insecure, precarious, risky,
threatening

dangersignal [dein sign()l] n


1. ; 2. .. - 

"

dangle [dg()l] v 1.

, ; syn. droop, :
flap, hang, sway, swing, trail, wave; ()
2. ; 3. . , 
, ; about,
around , ; (r)
after ,

dangler [dgl] n 1. ;
2.
Danish [deini] I adj ;
balance ; II n
dank [dk] adj () ; ;
danseuse [dns:z] n
dap [dp] I v 1. (
); 2. () ( ); II n
1. (); 2. ;
daphne [dfni] n .
daphnia [dfni] n
dapper [dp] adj 1.
; 2.
(. )
dapple [dp()l] I v
; II adj ,
dare [de] v (dared, dared; 3 . .
. dares
dare) 1. , ; he
won't to deny it ; I swear
; syn. adventure,
challenge, endanger, hazard, provoke,
risk, venture; 2. 
(to); I you to jump the
227











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daredevil












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:
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(r)

stream ,  !; 3.
, ; to the
perils of arctic travel

daredevil [de dev()l] I adj
; II n ,
daring [deri] I adj 1. , ; 2. ( robbery);
II n , ,
dark [dk] I adj 1. ; it is
getting , ; syn. black, cloudy, dim,
dusky, overcast, shadowy, unlit;
2. ; ; com
plexion ;
3. . , , ; the ages ; 4. , ;
; to keep ; horse "
(. . ); syn. cryptic, hidden, mysterious, obscure,
secret; 5. , ( ); 6. , ;
, ; days
; II n 1. ,
; after
; at ; the
lights and s of a picture
; syn. darkness, dimness, dusk, evening, night, nightfall,
night-time, twilight; 2. ;
; to keep a person in
the  ;  

darken [dkn] v ;
counsel ; syn.
blacken, dim, obscure, overshadow,
shadow
darkey [dki] = darky
darkish [dki] adj
darkle [dk()l] v . 1. , ; 2.
darkling [dkli] I adv ,
; II adj ; ,
228

date
darkly [dkli] adv 1. ;
; 2. ;
darkness [dkns] n ,
.

darky [dki] n . ,

darling [dli] I n , ; the of fortune


; my ! ! "!; syn. love, sweetheart;

II adj 1. ; syn. adored,


beloved, dear, dearest, favourite;
2. ( )
darn1 [dn] I v ; ;
II n ;
darn2 [dn] v . ,

darnel [dn()l] n .
darner [dn] n 1. , 
; 2. " (
)
darning [dni] n 1. ,
; 2. ,

darning needle [dni n d()l] n


1. ; 2. .
dart [dt] I n 1.
; , ; 2. ;
3. , ; 4. . , , ; II v
1. (; . .);
his eyes ed flashes of anger
; 2. ; downwards
; .
darter [dt] n 1. ; 2. ( )
dartre [dt] n .
Darwinian [dwinin] I adj , ; II n

dash [d] I v 1. , ; syn. crash, fling, hurl, throw;


2. , , ,
; syn. bolt, dart, fly, hurry,
race, run, rush, sprint; 3. ; 4. , ; to off
; 5. ,
; ; 6. -

, ; 7. ;
II n 1. ;
, ; to make a
against the enemy
; 2. , ; 3.
; ; there is a
romantic about it
 ; 4.
; ; , ;
; ; 5. ; to cut
a ; ,  ; 6. .

dashboard [dbd] n
dasher [d] n 1. , ; 2. ,
( ); 3. . ()
dashing [di] adj ,
dashpot [dpt] n . ,
dastard [dstd] n ; ,

dastardly [dstdli] adj ;
data [deit] n (pl datum)
1. ; syn. details, documents,
facts, figures, information, materials,
statistics; 2. . ,
datable [deitb()l] adj
date1 [deit] I n 1. , (); 2. , ; of birth
; out of ; up to
; ; syn. age, epoch, era, period,
point in time, time; 3. . . ; blind . .
; to ha
ve (got), to make a . .
; syn. appointment, engagement, meeting,
rendezvous; II v 1. ;
2. (),
( ); this manu











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date












:
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:
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:
()


(r)

script s from the XlVth century


XIV
date2 [deit] n 1. ; 2.
dateless [deitls] adj 1. .
; 2. . , ; 3. . .
,

dateline [deitlain] n 1. ., .

; 2. .

datepalm [deitpm] n

dative [deitiv] I adj 1. . ; 2. ( ,


., ); II n
datum [deitm] n (pl data)
,
datumlevel [ deitmlev()l] n ,
( ),

datum line [deitmlain] n


; ,
datura [dtjr] n .
daub [db] I v 1. , (, . .);
2. ; 3. ; 4. .
; II n 1.
, ; 2. ;
; 3.
dauber [db] n 1. , ; 2. , (. )
daubery [dbri] n
daubster [dbst] = dauber
dauby [dbi] adj 1. ( ); 2.
daughter [dt] n 1. ; 2. attr.
;
daughterinlaw [dtrinl] n (pl
daughtersinlaw) , ,
daughterly [dtli] adj
daunt [dnt] v 1. ;
2. , ; 3. -

dayschool
; nothing ed ,
daunted [dntid] adj
daunting [dnti] adj
dauntless [dntls] adj ; ; syn. bold,
brave, courageous, fearless, heroic,
resolute, valiant
dauphin [dfin] n .
davenport [dv()npt] n 1.
; 2. .
daw [d] n
dawdle [dd()l] v , ( away)
dawdler [ddl] n 1. ;
2.
dawn [dn] I v 1. ();
2. , ( .n.); ; a glad
time ed ; it has just ed upon me
; ; syn. appear, begin, develop, originate, rise; II n 1. ,
; at ;
syn. dawning, daybreak, morning,
sunrise; 2. . , ,
; the of brighter days
; syn. beginning, birth, origin, start
day [dei] n 1. , ;
clear as () ;
all ; before ; by ; by the ;
syn. date, daylight, daytime, period,
time; 2. ; astronomical ,
nautical
(. 12 . ); civil ,
mean solar
(. 12 . ); about ; the after tomorrow ; the before ;
the before yesterday
, ; in, out
, ; off ; s of grace . ( );
every ; every other

; 3. ; 
, ; to carry, to
win the ; to 

lose the ;

4. , ; - 
; in the s of old , -
; in s to come -
; one ; the other
; some ; 

men of the

(); 5. ; ;

he has had his :
; 6. . ; ()
, - 
;  to call it a .
, - (r)
; May Day 1 ; to name the

; (to be)

on one's ()

dayboarder [dei bd] n - 


( )

daybook [deibk] n 1. ; 

2. .

daybreak [dei breik] n

daydream [dei dr m] n ,
; ; syn. castles in the air, 
dream, fantasy, imagining, vision, wish 
daydreamer [dei dr m] n - 

;
daylabour [dei leib] n :
()


daylabourer [dei leibr] n

(r)
daylight [dei lait] n: in broad
; let in some on 

the subject .



daylightsaving [ deilaitseivi] n 


day lily [dei lili] n . ,

daylong [deil] I adj



; II adv ; III n

. , 


day nursery [dei n:sri] n (- :
()
)

day off [dei f] n

dayschool [deiskl] n 1.
(r)
,

229

day shift












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:
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(r)

; 2.
day shift [deiift] n
daysman [deizmn] n
,
daytime [dei taim] n ;
; in the
daytoday [ deitdei] adj
daywork [deiw:k] n

daze [deiz] I v ; ,
; syn. astonish, bewilder,
confuse, dumbfound, shock, stagger,
startle, surprise; II n 1. ;
2. .
dazed [deizd] adj
dazedly [deizidli] adv ;

dazzle [dz()l] I v 1.
, ; ,
; syn. amaze, astonish,
blind, confuse, daze, impress, stupefy;
2. .
(); II n 1. ; 2. ; paint . ( ),

dazzlement [dz()lmnt] n
de facto [deifkt] . adv
, ,  (. de jure)
deacon [d kn] n
deaconess [ d knes] n 1. ; 2.
deactivation [d ktivei()n] n

dead [ded] I adj 1. , ; ; syn. breathless, deceased, gone, inanimate, lifeless;


2. , ; volcano ; wire .
; 3. ,
( , );
4. , ;
5. , ; my
fingers are
; 6. , ;
230

deadwood
7. , ; 8. ( , ); 9. ; 10. , ;
certainty ;
failure ; loss
; to come to a
stop , ; 11. . ; 12. ( ); 13. .
;
 frost , ; and gone ;
gold ; hours
; to be with
cold ; to
be with hunger
; II adv , ; drunk ;
tired ; III n
1. (the ) , ;
2.: the of night
dead centre [ dedsent] n

dead earth [ded :] n .

deaden [ded()n] v ,
deadend [ dedend] n (.
.)
deadfall [dedfl] n . 1. ,
; 2. ,
dead hand [dedhnd] = mortmain
deadhead [dedhed] n 1. ; ; 2.
, , ; "
dead letter [ dedlet] n 1.
, ; 2. ,


dead level [ded lev()l] n 1. ; 2. .
dead lift [ded lift] n 1.
( );
2.

deadlight [dedlait] n . 

;
deadline [dedlain] n 

dead load [ dedld] n 1.

, ; 
; 2. .

deadlock [dedlk] n . -
; ;


deadly [dedli] adj , 



; poison 
; sin ; :
syn. dangerous, destructive, fatal, ()

lethal, mortal, murderous
deadly nightshade [ dedlinaieid]
n . , (r)
dead march [dedm] n

deadness [dednis] n
deadnettle [dednet()l] n .

dead point [ dedpint] = dead


centre

dead reckoning [ dedrekni] n


., . ()
dead set [dedset] n 1. . ; 2. ; he is to go to
Moscow

dead short [dedt] n .

dead shot [dedt] n
deadspot [ dedspt] n .

dead wall [ dedwl] n .

deadwater [ded wt] n 1.


; 2. .
deadweight [ dedweit] n . (); ;

deadwind [ dedwind] n

dead window [ dedwind] n .
,
deadwood [dedwd] n
; ;











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(r)

deaf












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(r)

debacle

deaf [def] adj 1. ; , ; as an adder

dealership [d lip] n -

( as a post) = ";
of an ear ;
syn. hard of hearing, stone-deaf;
2. . ,
; to turn a ear to
, ;
syn. indifferent, unmindful, unmoved
deafanddumb [ defndm] adj

deafen [def()n] v 1. ;
2. ; 3.
deafening [def()ni] I adj 1. ; syn. booming, resounding, ringing, roaring, thunderous;
2. ; II n
deafmute [ defmjt] n
deafness [defns] n
deal [d l] I v 1. , ; syn. assign, bargain, distribute,
divide, give, share, traffic; 2. (); ();
3. ; syn. sell, stock, trade;
4. , ; 5. ,
,
(with); to with a problem ; to with an at
tack ; 6. , ; 7. ; ; to
with fires ;
II n 1. ; there is a of
truth in it
; syn. amount, extent, quantity, share; 2. ; ;
to do, to make a with ; syn. agreement,
bargain, contract; 3. ,
; 4.

dealer [d l] n 1. ; retail


; in old
clothes ; syn. marketer,
merchant, trader, tradesman, wholesaler; 2. . ;
3. ,

dealing [d li] n 1. ;


2. pl ;
3. ; to have s with

someone 
dealt [delt] past p. p. deal
dean [d n] n (. .)
deanery [d nri] n 1. ;
2. ; 3. ; 4.
( )
dear [di] I adj 1. , ;
syn. beloved, cherished, darling,
favourite, loved, valued; 2. ,
; 3.
: my Jones , ; 4. ,
; syn. costly, expensive, high-priced; II n 1. , ; 2. .
; what s they are!
!; III adv ;
IV int . , , , , , : me! is it so?
?
dearly [dili] adv ;
(. .)
dearness [dinis] n
dearth [d:] n ; of workmen ; in time of

deary [diri] adj . ,


death [de] n 1. ; civil
; ; natu
ral ; tired
to ; to put
to , ; wounded
to ; war to
the ; syn.
cessation, decease, downfall, dying,
end, expiration, extinction, passing,
ruin; 2. ; the of one's ho
pes  ;

3. , ; Black XIV .
deathadder [de d] n .
deathagony [de gni] n
deathbed [de bed] n

deathbell [debel] n

deathblow [debl] n
death cup [dekp] n ()
deathdamp [dedmp] n ( )
deathfeud [defjd] n
deathless [dels] adj
deathlike [delaik] adj
,
deathly [deli] I adj
, , ;
silence ;
II adv ; syn. deadly,
deathlike, fatal, ghastly, mortal, pale,
terrible
death mask [demsk]
death penalty [de pen()lti]
death rate [dereit] ;

death'shead [dehed] n 1.
( ); to look
like a on a mopstick ; 2.
()
deathstruggle [de strg()l] n

death trap [detrp] n . ,


deathwarrant [de wrnt] n
1.
;
2. . 
(. )
debacle [deibk()l] n
231











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(r)

debar












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()


(r)

debar [dib] v , , ; ; to a person from voting


(from holding public offices)

( )
debark [dibk] v ();
() ( )
debarkation [ dibkei()n] n (); ()
debarment [dibmnt] n
debase [dibeis] v 1. , ; 2.
debasement [dibeismnt] n 1. , ; 2.
debatable [dibeitb()l] adj 1. , ( question);
syn. arguable, controversial, disputable, doubtful, problematical,
questionable, undecided; 2. ; ground ,
; .
debate [dibeit] I v 1. ,
(); 2. ; ; syn. argue, contend, discuss, dispute; 3. ; to a matter in one's mind
, , ; 4. . ,
( ); II n 1. ,
, ; 2. pl (the s)
; 3. , ; beyond
debater [dibeit] n , ; skilful

debatingsociety [di beitissaiti]


n

debauch [dib] I v 1. ,
; (); 2. , (,
); 3. . ; II n 1. , ; 2. ; 3.
232

decant
debauchee [ deb ] n ,

debauchery [dibri] n ,

debenture [diben] n

debilitate [dibiliteit] v . , ;

debilitation [di bilitei()n] n .


, ;

debilitative [dibilittiv] adj

debility [dibilti] n 1. ,
; 2. ,

debit [debit] I n . ; to put


to the of a person

; II v . ,
debonair [ debne] adj 1. , ; 2. ,

debouch [diba] v 1.

( ); 2. .
debouchment [dibamnt] n
1. ; 2. ;
3. . ,

debris [debr ] n , ;
syn. bits, fragments, litter, remains,
rubbish, ruins, trash, wreckage
debt [det] n ; floating ; funded ; National
; service
; to be in one's s
 ; to con
tract s ; to incur
a to get, to run into
; to pay the of
( to) nature ; syn.
arrears, bill, claim, commitment, due,
duty, obligation
debtee [det ] n
debtless [detlis] adj

debtor [det] n 1. , ; 's prison ;

syn. bankrupt, borrower, insolvent;


2. . ,
debunk [ d bk] v . 1. ; 2. ,
debus [d bs] v (),
() , ; sing point
debut [deibj] n ; to make
one's ; syn. appearance, beginning, introduction,
premiere, presentation
debutante [debjtnt] n
deca [dek-] pref , 
decadal [dekdl] adj 1. ; 2. (
. .)
decade [dekeid] n 1. ;
2. ,

decadence, decadency [dekdns,


-si] n 1. , ; 2. , ( )
decadent [dekdnt] I adj , ; II n
decaffeinated [d kfineitid] adj

decagon [dekgn] n
decagonal [dekgnl] adj
decagram(me) [dekgrm] n
decahedral [ dekh drl] adj
decalcify [d klsifai] v
,
decalitre [dek l t] n
decalogue [deklg] n .

decametre [dek m t] n
decangular [dikgjl] adj
decant [diknt] v 1. ,
; ; ; 2. ()











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(r)

decantation












:
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:
()


(r)

decision
n

deceive [dis v] v ; ; to oneself

decanter [diknt] n
decapitate [dikpiteit] v -

; syn. abuse, betray,


cheat, dupe, fool, mislead, swindle,
take in, trick
deceiver [dis v] n
decelerate [ d selreit] v , , ()
deceleration [d selrei()n] n
December [disemb] n 1. ;
2. attr.
decenary [disenri] = decennary
decency [d s()nsi] n ,
; observe the
decencies ;
syn. civility, courtesy, etiquette, manners, respectability
decennary [disenri] n
decenniad [disenid] = decennary
decennial [disenil] adj ;
decent [d s()nt] adj 1. ; ; syn. acceptable, adequate, fair, fit, modest,
polite, satisfactory, suitable, tolerable;
2. ; 3. ,
decently [d s()ntli] adv 1. , , ; 2. .
; 3. ,

decantation

[ d kntei()n]

decapitation [di kpitei()n] n

decapod [dekpd] I n 1. . ; 2. ..

(5 ); II a .

decarbonate, decarbonize [d kbneit, -naiz] v 1. . ; 2. ,

decasyllabic [ deksilbik] I adj

; II n
decay [dikei] I v 1. , ; 2. ;
( ); syn. corrode, decline,
decompose, degenerate, deteriorate,
rot; 3. ; ( , );
4. ( ); II n
1. ; 2. (); 3. ();
4. . , , ; to fall into
; ; 5. .

decease [dis s] I n , ; syn. death, departure, dissolution, dying, passing; II v


deceased [dis st] I adj .
, ; syn. dead,
extinct, gone, late, lost; II n (the )
. , ,

deceit [dis t] n , ;
syn. abuse, cheating, craftiness,
cunning, deception, fraud, slyness,
swindle, trickery
deceitful [dis tf()l] adj 1. ; ; 2.
; ( )
deceitfulness [dis tflns] n

decentralization [d sentrlaizei()n] n
decentralize [d sentrlaiz] v

deception [disep()n] n ,
; ; ; to
practise
deceptive [diseptiv] adj , ; ap
pearances are often
; gas . ; syn. ambiguous,
dishonest, fake, false, unreliable
deci [desi-] pref  . , .

decide [disaid] v (), ; to against (in

favour of) someone ( ) ; syn. choose, determine, fix, reach


a decision, resolve, settle
decided [disaidid] adj 1. ; syn. absolute, categorical,
decisive,
definite,
determined,
indisputable, resolute, undisputed;
2. , ;
superiority
decidedly [disaididli] adv 1. , , ; 2.
decider [disaid] n

deciduous [disidjs] adj


decigram(me) [desigrm] n
decilitre [desi l t] n
decimal [desm()l] I adj ; coinage ; fraction ; notation ; nu
meration
; point ,
; II n .

decimalize [desimlaiz] v 1. ; 2.
decimate [desmeit] v
; . , "; cholera d
the population
decimation [ desimei()n] n

decimetre [desi m t] n
decimosexto [ desimsekst] n
. 1/16
decipher [disaif] v 1. ; 2. . ( )
decision [disi ()n] n 1. ;
to arrive at a ;
syn. conclusion, decisiveness, determination, judgement, resolve, result,
233











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(r)

settlement; 2. . , ; 3. , ; a man of
; to lack
decisive [disaisiv] adj 1. , ; 2. , ( ; )
deck [dek] I n 1. ; on
; to clear the s (for ac
tion) . ;
. ;
2.
; 3. ; 4. .
(); II v , (, )
deckcabin [dek kbin] n

deckcargo [dek kg] n


decker [dek] n ;
one
(two)

()
deckhand [dek hnd] n

deckhouse [dek has] n .


deck landing [dek lndi] n .
.
deckle [dek()l] n , (
)
deckleedged [ dek()led] adj
( )
decklight [deklait] n .
declaim [dikleim] v ,
declamation [ delklmei()n] n
;
declamatory [diklmtri] adj
1. ; ;
2.
declarant [diklernt] n . , ,
declaration [ deklrei()n] n 1. , ; syn. announcement, edict, notification,
pronouncement, statement; 2. .
234

decoloration
, (
); 3. .
,

; 4. ; of the poll

declarative [diklrtiv] adj 1. ; 2. . ( )
declaratory
[diklrtri] adj
1. ; 2. ,
declare [dikle] v 1. ;
to war on (upon)
(, . ); to one's love
; he was d an invalid
; syn.
affirm, announce, certify, claim,
proclaim, state, testify; 2. ,
, ; to off ( ,
); to oneself
; ; 3. , (for,
against); 4. ,
( )
declared [dikled] adj 1. -, ; 2. , ; value (),

declasse [deiklsei] . = de
classed
declassed [ d klst] adj
declension [diklen()n] n 1. , ; 2. (
); 3. . ;

declinable [diklainb()l] adj .

declination [ deklinei()n] n 1. ; ; 2. ; ;
3. ; 4. . ; 5. . ,

declinatory [diklaintri] adj 


1. (); 2. -

()

declinature [diklain] n 


decline [diklain] I v 1. ,
; declining years -
; 2.
; ( ); 
3. , ; 

syn. decrease, diminish, fall, lessen;

4. ( ); 5. - :
( . .); ()
(); syn. avoid, deny, 
refuse, reject; 6. . ,
; to one's head on (r)
one's breast
; 7. . ; II n
1. , ; on the
; ,
; 2. ();
3. (); 4. ,
; (, ); 5. .

declivitous [diklivts] adj ( )
declivity [diklivti] n ,
, , ;
()
declivous [diklaivs] adj ;

declutch [d kl] v .
decoct [dikkt] v a
; ;
decoction [dikk()n] n 1. ; 2. () ,

decode [d kd] v ; ; syn. decipher,


interpret, translate, transliterate
decoder [ d kd] n
decohere [ d khi] v .
decollete [deikltei] . adj (.
tee)
decolorant [d klrnt] n
decoloration [d klrei()n] n











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(r)

decolour












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(r)

decolour [d kl] = decolourize


decolourize [d klraiz] v

decompensation [d kmpensei()n] n .
decompose [ d kmpz] v ()

decomposite [d kmpzit] I adj


(
. .), ;
II n
()
decomposition [d kmp zi()n] n
1. ., . ; 2. ,
decompound [ d kmpand] I adj
,
; leaf .
; II v
decompress [ d kmpres] v
decompression [ d kmpre()n] n

deconsecrate [ d knsikreit] v ( ,
)
decontaminate [ d kntmineit] v
; ; syn.
clean, disinfect, fumigate, purge, purify

decontamination [dikn tminei()n] n


decontrol [ d kntrl] I v ; II n

decorate [dekreit] v 1. ,
; (,
); syn. adorn, beautify,
colour, embellish, grace, paint, renovate, trim; 2.

decorated [dekreitid] adj 1. , ; style


XIV ;
2.
decoration [ dekrei()n] n 1. ; ; syn. adornment,
garnish, ornament, ornamentation,
trimming; 2. . -

deduce
;
3. pl , ; 4. , ; syn.
award, badge, emblem, medal, order,
star
decorative [dekrtiv] adj
decorator [dekreit] n 1. ,
;
2. ,
decorous [dekrs] adj ,
decorticate [ diktikeit] v
(, . .),

decorum [dikrm] n (pl s, ra)


1. , ;
2.
decoy [d ki] I n 1. , ; 2. ,
( );
3. , ; II v , ;

decoyduck [dikidk] n 1.

; 2. .
decrease [d kr s] I v (), ; syn. abate, diminish, lessen, lower, reduce, shrink,
slim; II n , ,
;
decree [dikr ] I n 1. , ,
; syn. act, command, edict,
law, order, proclamation, regulation,
ruling; 2. ,
(); of nature ; 3.
; II v ,
decrement [dekrimnt] n 1. , ; 2. . ; 3. . ,
decrepit [dikrepit] adj 1.
( ); 2. ,
( )
decrepitate [dikrepiteit] v 1. .
-

(. ); 2.
decrepitation [di krepitei()n] n
1. . ; 2.
decrepitude
[dikrepitjd]
n
1. ; 2.
decrescent [dikrez()nt] adj
decretal [dikr t()l] n 1. . , ; 2. pl .

decretive [dikr tiv] adj


decretory [dikr tri] = decretive
decry [dikrai] v ,
decuman [dekjmn] adj ,
( ); wave "
decumbent [dikmbnt] adj 1. ; 2. .
( )
decuple [dekjpl] I adj ; II n ;
III v
decussate [dikseit] I v () ; II adj
1.
; 2. .

dedicate [dedikeit] v 1. ; syn. address, assign, commit, devote, inscribe, present,


sacrifice; 2. ();
3. . . ()
dedicated [dedikeitid] adj ; (,
); syn. committed, devoted,
purposeful, whole-hearted
dedication [ dedikei()n] n 1. ; syn. address, inscription,
presentation; 2. , ; syn. adherence, attachment, commitment, devotion,
loyalty
dedicatory [dediktri] adj ;
deduce [didjs] v 1. (, , );
syn. conclude, derive, draw, reason,
235











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(r)

understand; 2. 

deduct [didkt] v , ; ; ; syn.


reduce by, remove, subtract, take away,
withdraw
deduction [didk()n] n 1. , ; ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. , ; .
deductive [didktiv] a .
deed [d d] I n 1. , ,
; ; in word and
; in and not in
name ,
(); syn. achievement, act, action, exploit, performance; 2. ;
3. . , ; to draw up
a ; II v .

deedful [d dfl] adj
deedless [d dlis] adj
deed poll [d dpl] n .
deem [d m] v , ,
; syn. account, consider, estimate, imagine, judge, suppose, think
deep [d p] I adj 1. ; wa
ter ; in
water(s) ; ; an
kle in mud ; in debt ; syn.
bottom less, immersed, profound;
2. . , ; knowledge ,
; in a book (in
a map) ,
( ); syn. extreme, intense, serious;
3. ,
( sorrow, gratitude); 4. ,
;
5. . ; he is a one
; 6. ,
, ( , );
brown
;
7. ( );
 to draw up five (six) .
236

defeasance
() 5 (6) ; to go
off the end ; . ; . ; II n 1. ; 2. .
, ; 3. , ;
III adv ; to dig .
, ; to
read into the night ; still waters
run .

deepdrawn [d p drn] adj 1. ();


2. .
deepen [d pn] v 1. ();
2. (); syn. increase,
intensify,
reinforce,
strengthen;
3. () ; ()
( , ); 4. () ( , )
deepfreeze [ d pfr z] n
deeplaid [ d pleid] adj 1.
; 2. .

()
deeply [d pli] adv (.
.); he is in debt

deepmouthed [ d pmad] adj

deepness [d pns] n .
deeprooted [ d prtid] adj
deepsea [ dps] adj ; fishing
deepseated
[ dpstid]
adj
1. ; ; abscess (disease) ( );
2. ( ); 3. ( )
deer [di] n (. . . .
. . .)
; ; ; red ; to run like
,

deerforest [di frist] n - 

deerhound [dihand] n - 



deerpark [dipk] = deerforest 
deerskin [diskin] n ,
;

deerstalker [di stk] n 1. -


; 2. 
deerstalking [di stki] n 



deface [difeis] v , - :
; syn. blemish, damage, deform, ()
disfigure, obliterate, spoil

defacement [difeismnt] n 1. -
, ; 2. ; 3. , (r)

defalcate [d flkeit] v - 



defamation [ defmei()n] n 
;

defamatory [difmtri] adj - 
, , -

defame [difeim] v , -
, ; ; syn. 

blacken, discredit, disgrace, dishon
our, slander

default [diflt] I v 1. - :
, - ()
; ; 
2. ;
3. (r)
( ); 4. .
; 

II n 1.

(. . ); 2. 
; judgement by - 
(- 

);
3. . ;
4. , 

; in of

(, ); syn. ab- 
sence, defect, deficiency, failure, 
:
fault, lack
defaulter [diflt] n - ()


defeasance [dif z()ns] n 1. (r)


, ; 2. . -

defeasible












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(r)












:
()


(r)

( )
defeasible [dif zb()l] adj ,
defeat [dif t] I v 1. ;
2. . ,
(, . .); (); syn. beat,
confound, frustrate, overpower, ruin,
subdue; 3. . , ; II n 1. ; syn. conquest, failure, reverse, rout, setback;
2. . ();
(); 3. .
defeatism [dif t iz()m] n
defeatist [dif tist] n ,

defecate [defkeit] v 1. . (); ,


(); 2. .
defecation [ defkei()n] n 1. ; 2. , ()
defect [d fekt] n 1. , , , ; , ; syn. blemish, deficiency, error, failing, fault, imperfection,
lack, shortcoming; 2. ; 3.
defection [difek()n] n
(, ); ; ; (from)
defective [difektiv] I adj 1. ;
;
; syn. abnormal, deficient, flawed, imperfect, subnormal;
2. , ,
; ( );
syn. broken, faulty; 3. , ;
4. . ();
II n
defector [difekt] n
defence [difens] n 1. ; ; syn. fortification, guard, immunity, protection, shelter, shield;
2. pl . , -

defile
; 3. .
( ), , ; the counsel for the ; syn. alibi, argument, case, explanation, justification,
testimony; 4. . , ; 5.
( )
defenceless [difensls] adj 1. ; 2. ,
; 3.
defend [difend] v 1. (),
(); syn. assert, fortify,
guard, protect, secure, shelter, shield;
2. , (); ( . .);
3. . , ; to the case
( )
defendant [difendnt] n . ; ,
defender [difend] n 1. ;
2. . ,

defense [difens] . = defence
defensible
[difensb()l]
adj
1. . ;
; 2.

defensive [difensiv] I adj ; ; II n 1. , ; 2.


; to act, to be, to
stand on the ,

defensor [difens] n

defer1 [dif:] v 1. , ; ; red annuity

; 2.

defer2 [dif:] v 
; ,
; to to one's experience

deference [defrns] n ,
; to pay,
to show to -

; in ( out of) to
; with all due to
...; syn. civility,
consideration, courtesy, politeness,
regard, respect, reverence, thoughtfulness
deferent [def()rnt] adj 1. , ( ,
); ( );
2. .
deferential [ defren()l] adj
deferment [dif:mnt] n ;

defiance [difains] n 1. (
, ); syn. challenge, confrontation, contempt, disobedience,
opposition, provocation; 2.
; ; to bid to, to set at , ;
; in of ;
defiant [difaint] adj ; ,

defibrillation [d faibrilei()n] n

deficiency [difi()nsi] n , ; ; syn. absence, defect, deficit,


fault, insufficiency, lack, shortage,
want
deficient [difint] adj 1. , , ;
2. ,  (in); mentally
deficit [defsit] n ; ; ; to meet a

defilade [ defileid] I n . , ; II v .
(
)
defile1 [difail] v 1. , ; syn. abuse, contaminate, pollute, profane, soil, stain, taint, tarnish;
2. , ;

237











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defile2 [difail] I n , ;

; II v , ( )
defilement [difailmnt] n 1. ; 2. , ;
definable [difainb()l] adj ,
define [difain] v ; ; a well d im
age ; syn.
characterise, determine, explain, interpret, limit, outline, specify
definite [defnt] adj , , ; for a peri
od ; article
. the";
syn. certain, decided, determined,
exact, explicit, particular, precise
definiteness [definitnis] n
definition [ defni()n] n ,
; syn. clarity, clearness, distinctness, precision
definitive [difintiv] adj 1. ; syn. absolute, complete,
decisive, final, perfect, ultimate;
2. .
deflagrable [deflgrb()l] adj
deflagrate [deflgreit] v 1.
; 2.
deflagration [ deflgrei()n] n ,
deflate [ d fleit] v 1. ,
(, ); 2. . ;
3. . ; 4. ( . .)
deflation [ d flei()n] n 1. , (, );
2. .
deflationary [diflei()n()ri] adj

deflator [difleit] n
deflect [diflekt] v 1. ()
; 2. ()
238

degradation
deflection [diflek()n] n

deflective [diflektiv] adj

deflector [diflekt] n 1. . , ; 2. . ; 3. .
()

deflexion [diflek()n] = deflec


tion

deflexure [diflek] n
defloration [ dflrei()n] n 1. ; 2.

[d flieit] I v ; II adj

defoliation [d fliei()n] n
1. ; ;
2.
deforest [ d frist] v ; ()
deforestation [d frstei()n] n

deform [difm] v ; , ; syn. disfigure, distort, ruin, spoil, twist
deformable [difmb()l] adj
deformation [ d fmei()n] n
1. ; 2. ;
3. .
deformed [difmd] adj , .
deformity [difmiti] n ; (
); syn. abnormality,
defect, irregularity, malformation,
ugliness
defraud [difrd] v 1. ;
syn. cheat, deceive, dupe, outwit,
swindle, trick; 2.
;
defraudation [ d frdei()n] n

defray [difrei] v ; to
the expenses of...
...
defrayable [difreib()l] adj
defoliate

defrayal [difreil] n (- 

)
defrayment [difreimnt] = defrayal 

defrock [ d frk] v 


defroster [d frst] n -

deft [deft] adj , ;


; syn. able, adept, agile, 

expert, handy, nimble, proficient,

skilful

deftness [deftnis] n
:
defy [difai] v 1. . ( ()
, ); I you to do it 
, !; 2.
; - (r)
, ; syn. challenge, confront, dare, provoke, resist,
withstand; to the law ; to public opin
ion
; 3. , ; it defies description

degas [digs] v
degeneracy [dienrsi] n 1. , ; 2.
degenerate [dienrit] I v ; syn. decay, decline,
decrease, deteriorate, regress, rot,
sink, worsen; II adj ; III n ,
degeneration [di enrei()n] n
1. ; ;
2. .
degenerative [dienrtiv] adj
;

degenerescence [dienres()ns]
n

degradation [ degrdei()n] n
1. ; ;
syn. abasement, degeneration, deterioration, disgrace, dishonour,
humiliation; 2. ; ; 3. . ; 4. .
, ;
; 5. .
; 6.











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(r)

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(r)

degrade [digreid] v 1. ,
,
; 2. ;
3. ; 4. , ,
(,
.n.); 5. . ;
degraded [digreidid] adj 1. ; 2. ;
3. . ; 4. .
; ; 5. .
( )
degree [digr ] n 1. ;
; by degrees ; syn. extent, level, measure,
range, stage; 2. ; 3. ,
; syn. class, grade,
position
degression [digre()n] n
degressive [digresiv] adj , ( )
dehisce [dihis] v ,
( )
dehiscent [dihisnt] adj . , ( )
dehorn [ d hn] v
dehumanize [d hjmnaiz] v ;
,
dehumidifier [ d hjmidifai] n

dehydrated [ d haidreitid] adj

dehydration [ d haidrei()n] n

dehydrogenize [ d haidrinaiz] v
.
deicer [ d ais] n .
deictic [daiktik] adj .
deific [d ifik] adj
deification [ deiifikei()n] n
deify [d ifai] v 1. ;
2. ;

delicacy
deign [dein] v ; ; ;

deism [d iz()m] n


deist [d ist] n
deity [deiti] n 1. ; 2.

deject [diekt] v ,

dejection [diek()n] n 1. ; syn. depression, despair, despondency, gloom,


low spirits, sadness, sorrow, unhappiness; 2. . ; 3. .
, ( .
)
de jure [deirei] . adv
,  (. de
facto)
delate [dileit] v . 1. ;
; 2. ,
delation [dilei()n] n
delator [dileit] n
delay [dilei] I v 1. ;
syn. check, defer, detain, halt, hinder,
impede, linger, stop, suspend; 2. ; 3. ; ;
4. . ,
(); II n 1. , ; 2. , ;
3. , ; ; action
, ; without
dele [d l ] . I v . ( ); II n ,

delectable [dilektb()l] adj .
,
delectation [ d lektei()n] n .
,
delegate [deligt] I v ;
; ; II n 1. , ; syn. agent, ambassador,
commissioner, deputy, representative;
2. . (
)

delegation [ deligei()n] n 1. - 
, ; syn. commis-
sion, contingent, deputation, embassy, 

legation, mission; 2. 


delegatory [deligtri] adj -

delenda [dilend] n ,


delete [dil t] v , - 

; syn. blot out, cancel, erase,

obliterate, remove, rub out
:
deleterious [ delitiris] adj - ()

,
deletion [dil ()n] n 1. -
, ; 2. , - (r)
, ;

delft [delft] n ()

deliberate [dilibreit] I adj 1.
, , - 
; lie ; syn. 
calculated, conscious, considered, 
intentional, planned, prearranged; 
2. , ;

3. ( ,

); II v 1. , - 
; syn. consider, consult, de- 
bate, ponder, reflect, think, weigh; 
2. , ; syn. 
:
discuss
deliberately [dilib()rtli] adv ()

1. , ; 2.

(r)
deliberateness [dilibritnis] n


deliberation [di librei()n] n



1. , 
; 2. , ; 
3. , 
deliberative [dilibrtiv] adj -
, ; bo

dy

delicacy [deliksi] n 1. 
, ; syn. subtle- 
ty, tact; 2. , ; 
syn. elegance, exquisiteness, finesse, :
luxury, refinement; 3. ()
(, ); 4. - 

(); 5. ,
(r)
; 6. 239

delicate












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

(); 7. , ; syn. dainty, taste, treat


delicate [delikt] adj 1. , ; 2. ,
, ( , ); syn. dainty, fine, fragile,
graceful; 3. , ( ); 4. , ( ); 5. , ( );
6. ( );
7. , ,
( ); syn. faint, frail, weak
delicatessen [ deliktes()n] n
delicious [dilis] adj 1.
, ; 2. , ; syn. charming, delightful, enjoyable, exquisite,
pleasant
delict [d likt] n . ,
delight [dilait] I v ();
; ; to in music
; (I am) ed to meet you
;
syn. enjoyment, gladness, happiness,
joy, pleasure; II n , , ; to take a in
,

delighted [dilaitid] adj
delightful [dilaitf()l] adj ,
delimit [d limit] v ;
delimitate [dilimiteit] = delimit
delimitation [di limitei()n] n
delimitative [dilimittiv] adj
delimiter [dilimit] n
delineation [di liniei()n] n ,
delinquency [dilikwnsi] n ; ; ;
; syn. crime, criminality, law-breaking, offence
240

de luxe
delinquent [dilikwnt] I n , ; syn.
criminal, lawbreaker, offender, wrongdoer; II adj 1. ; 2. .
( . .)
deliquesce [ delikwes] v .
deliquescence [ delikwes()ns] n
.  ,
;
delirious [diliris] adv ;

deliriousness [diliris()nis] n

delirium [dilirim] n 1. . ,
; 2. ; tremens
delitescence [ delites()ns] n .
,
( )
delitescent [ delites()nt] adj .
, (
)
deliver [diliv] v 1. ,
(from); 2. ,
(, ); to
the goods . ; syn.
bring, carry, convey, distribute, give;
3. ; ; to an order ; syn. commit, grant, hand over,
present; 4. (, ); to oneself up
( . .); 5. ; to a lecture ; to oneself of a speech
; 6. . (); to be ed of a
child , ; 7. (); to an
attack . ; to
a battle ; to fire .
; 8. , ;
; 9. , ; ( );
10. ( )
deliverance [dilivrns] n ,

delivery [dilivri] n 1. ; 
; (, );
the early - 

(); 2. .

(); 
; 3. ; ;
4. , -
; a good ;
5. ; 6. , 

(, ); ();

7. . ; - 
; pipe . :
; ; 8. . - ()

,
dell [del] n ,
Delphian [delfin] adj 1. - (r)
; 2. . , 

Delphic [delfik] = Delphian



delphinium [delfinim] n .

, , 
delta [delt] n ; ray  

deltoid [deltid] I adj -


; ; II n .



delude [dild] v 
, ; syn. cheat, de- 
ceive, fool, take in, trick
:
deluge [delj] I n 1. ; the ()
Deluge . ; 
syn. cataclysm, flood, inundation;
(r)
2. (. s of rain); syn.
downpour, rush, torrent; 3. .
(); (); II v 

, ; to with in

vitations 
delusion [dilj n] n ; 
be under a ; of 
grandeur ; syn.
deception, error, illusion, mirage, mis-

conception

delusive, delusory [dilsiv, -sri] 
adj , , 


delusiveness [dilsivnis] n - :
()

de luxe [dlks] adj ; 

de luxe suite ( (r)


)

delve












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

delve [delv] I v . 1. ,
; 2. . ;
( );
( ); II n ;

demagnetization [ d mgntaizei()n] n
demagnetize [d mgntaiz] v

demagogic [ demggik] adj

demagogue [demgg] n
demagogy [demggi] n
demand [dimnd] I v 1. ;
; syn. ask,
call for, claim, order, request; 2. ; syn. necessitate, need,
require; 3. ,
; II n 1. , ;
; I have many s
on my purse ; payable on ; syn. claim,
desire, necessity, need, order, question, request; 2. . ; to be
in great ; supply and

demarcate [dmkeit] v 1. ;
2.
demarcation [ d mkei()n] n

demarcative [d mktiv] adj


demarche [deim] . n .
demean1 [dim n] v .: to one
self
demean2 [dim n] v ; to
oneself ;

demeanour [dim n] n ,
; syn. air, bearing, behaviour, conduct
dement [diment] v .

dementation [ d mentei()n] n

demented [dimentid] adj ; to be , to become

demonstrate
; it will drive me
.
dementi [ deimt ] . n .
( . .)
dementia [dimen] n .
demerit [d merit] n ,
,
demesne [dimein] n ,
demi [demi-] pref  ,

demigod [demi gd] n 1. ;


2. . ,
demijohn [demin] n

demilitarize [d militraiz] v
demimonde [ demimnd] . n
1. ; 2.
demirep [demirep] n .
demise [dimaiz] n
demission [dimi()n] n
demit [dimit] v . ;
demiurge [demi:] n 1.
( );
2. , ( )
demo [dem] n
demob [d mb] . demobi
lize
demobee [ d mb ] n .

demobilization [di mblaizei()n]


n

demobilize [dimblaiz] v

democracy [dimkrsi] n ; syn. autonomy, commonwealth,


republic, self-government
democrat [demkrt] n 1. ; 2. (Democrat) .
democratic [ demkrtik] adj ;

democratize [dimkrtaiz] v - 

demographer [d mgrf] n - 



demographic [ d mgrfik] adj 

demographics [ demgrfiks] n -

demography [dimgrfi] n - 
( , - 

)

demolish [dimli] v 1. ; :
; syn. destroy, dismantle, ()
flatten, level, overthrow, ruin, wreck; 
2. . ,
(r)
(, ); 3. .
demolition [ demli()n] n 1. ; , ; bomb

. ; work
; 2. . , 


demon [d mn] n 1. , , 
; a regular 
. ; syn. devil,

evil spirit, fiend; 2.



(. daemon); 3.

; he is a for work . 
,

demonetize [d mnitaiz] v 1. - 
- :
; 2. () - ()


demoniac, demoniacal [dimnik, (r)


d mnaik()l] adj 1. , ; 2. , 



demonic [dimnik] adj 1. - 
, ; 2. - 
- 

demonstrable [dimnstrb()l] adj


; syn. arguable, certain,

clear, evident, provable, self-evident,

verifiable

demonstrate [demnstreit] v 1. - 
, - :
; syn. display, exhibit, illus- ()
trate, show; 2. ; syn. 

explain, prove, substantiate, testify to;


(r)
3. . 241

demonstration












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

; 4. .
demonstration [ demnstrei()n] n
1.
; 2. ;
3. . ; 4. .

demonstrationist [ demnstrei()nist] = demonstrator


demonstrative [dimnstrtiv] I adj
1. , ,
; 2. ,
; syn. affectionate,
emotional, expansive, expressive, loving, open; 3. . ; II n

demonstrativeness [dimnstrtivnis] n
demonstrator [demnstreit] n
1. ; ; 2. ,

demoralization [di mrlaizei()n]


n

demoralize [dimrlaiz] v 1. ; 2. ,

demoralized [dimrlaizd] adj

demoralizing [di mrlaizi] adj

demote [ d mt] v .
,

demotion [dim()n] n -

denominator
demureness [dimjnis] n

demurrage [dimri] n 1. ; (, ); 2.

demurrer1 [dimr] n .
,

; to put
in a , to enter a

demurrer2 [dimr] n , .
den [den] n 1. , , ; syn. haunt, hole, lair, retreat,
sanctuary, shelter; 2.
; 3. . ; 4. ;
5.
denary [d nri] adj

denationalization [d n()nlaizei()n] n


denationalize [d n()nlaiz] v
1. ;
2.
,

denaturalization [d nrlaizei()n] n


denaturalize [d nrlaiz] v

demount [dimant] n -

denaturation [d neirei()n] n

demountable [dimantb()l] adj


,

demulcent [dimlsnt] adj (n) .

denature [d nei] v ; ()

denazification [d nifikei()n]

demur [dim:] I v 1. , ; 2.
; 3. = to put in a
demurrer; II n 1. :
2. ; without -

denazify [d nsifai] v -

,
( )

demure [dimj] adj ,


;
242

dendrite [dendrait] n
dendrochronology [ dendrkrnli] n
dendrology [dendrli] n

dene1 [d n] n

dene2 [d n] n , 

dengue [degi] n - 



deniable [dinaib()l] adj 
denial [dinail] n 1. ;
; to issue a flat


; syn. dismissal, nega- 

tion, prohibition, refusal, rejection,

veto; 2. ; to take no


:
denigrate [denigreit] v . - ()

, ,
denigration [ denigrei()n] n -
(r)

denigrator [denigreit] n

denim [denim] n 1. ( ,
. .); 2. pl .
,
denitrify [d naitrifai] v . ;
denizen [denizn] I n 1. ,
; 2.
; 3. ; II v
1. ;
2. . ; 3.
denominate [dinmineit] v ;
denomination [di nminei()n] n
1. ; 2. ;
3. ; coins of small s
; 4. ;

denominational [di nminei()n()l] adj 1.  ; 2.

denominative [dinmintiv] I adj


1. ; 2. . ;
II n . ,

denominator [dinmineit] n .
; to reduce to a com











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(r)












:
()


(r)

denotation












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

mon
denotation [ d ntei()n] n
denotative [dinttiv] adj 1. ; 2. ( of)
denote [dint] v 1.
(), ; syn. indicate; 2. , , ; syn. designate, mark, mean,
signify, symbolise, typify
denotement [dintmnt] n 1. ; 2.
denouement [deinm] . n
1. ( , );
2. ,
denounce [dinans] v 1. ,
; ; syn. accuse,
censure, condemn, decry, fulminate;
2. ; 3. (); to a truce .

denouncement [dinansmnt] =
denunciation
dense [dens] adj 1. , ; ; ; tex
ture ; syn. close,
compact, condensed, impenetrable,
packed, solid, substantial; 2. .
, ; ignorance
densimeter [densimit] n , , (
)
density [densiti] n , ; of population
dent1 [dent] I n , ,
;
II v , ,

dent2 [dent] I n . , ; , ; ; II v ,
dental [dent()l] adj 1. ;
2.
dentate [denteit] adj .

departmentalism
dentation [dentei()n] n .

denticle [dentik()l] n .
denticular [dentikjl] = denticu
late

denticulate, denticulated [dentikjlt, -id] adj 1. ;


2. .
dentiform [dentifm] adj

dentifrice [dentifris] n

dentine [dent n] n
dentist [dentist] n ,

dentistry [dentistri] n

dentition [denti()n] n 1. ; 2.

denture [den] n (. )

denuclearization [d njkliraizei()n] n ,

denudate [dinjdit] adj


denudation [ d njdei()n] n
1. , ; 2. .

denudative [dinjdtiv] adj ,

denude [dinjd] v 1. ,
; syn. bare, deforest, expose,
strip, uncover; 2. ; ;
3. .
denunciant [dinnsint] adj
denunciation [di nnsiei()n] n
1. , ; ; syn. accusation,
censure, condemnation, criticism, denouncement; 2. ; 3. ()
denunciative [dinnsitiv] adj ;
denunciator [dinnsieit] n 1. ; 2.
deny [dinai] v 1. ; to the
charge ; syn.
disagree with, disclaim, forbid, op-

pose; 2. ; syn. refuse, reject; 3. ; to oneself


every luxury
; syn. renounce, veto; 4.
(); she denied herself
to visitors ;
he was denied admission
; 5. ; 6. ; to one's signature

deodorant [didrnt] I n ; syn. air-freshener, antiperspirant, deodoriser, disinfectant; II adj
,
deodorize [didraiz] v , ()
deodorizer [didraiz] n
deontology [ d ntli] n ( )
deoxidate [ d ksideit] = deoxidize
deoxidize [ d ksidaiz] v . ,
depart [dipt] v 1. ; ; , ;
syn. disappear, escape, exit, go, leave,
remove, retreat, withdraw; 2. ; 3. , ,
(from); syn. deviate,
diverge
departed [diptid] I p. p.
depart; II adj , , ; joys

department [diptmnt] n 1. ; syn. district, division, office,


sector, unit; 2. ,
(, ); syn. branch; 3. ; ; 4. .
; State Department
(

); 5. ; 6. ,

departmental [ d ptment()l] adj











:
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(r)











:
()


(r)











:
()

departmentalism [ d ptmentli-
(r)
z()m] n
243

department store












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

department store [diptmnt st]


n ,
departure [dip] n 1. , ; ; ; to
take one's ; syn. exit, going, leave-taking, removal, retirement,
withdrawal; 2. , ; a new
,
( . .); syn. deviation, digression, shift
depasture [d ps] v 1. ();
2. ()
depauperate [d ppreit] v ;
depend [dipend] v 1. ;
2. ; to
on one's parents
; 3. , ; you may
on him ; on it ;
4.
,
dependability [di pendbiliti] n
dependable [dipendb()l] adj
dependant [dipendnt] = dependent
dependence [dipendns] n 1. (upon); ; to live in ( 
);

(); 2. ; to place
; 3.
dependency [dipendnsi] n 1. ; ;
2. ,
dependent [dipendnt] I adj
1. , ;
2. ; ; 3. .
( ); II n
1. ; 2.
dephosphorize [d fsfraiz] v .
,
depict [dipikt] v 1. , ; syn. illustrate, picture, re244

depot
produce; 2. ; syn. characterise, describe, detail
depiction [dipik()n] n
depictive [dipiktiv] adj
depicture [dipik] v 1. = depict;
2.
depilate [depileit] v
depilation [ depilei()n] n
depilatory [dipiltri] n

deplane [d plein] v ()

deplenish [dipleni] v ,

deplete [dipl t] v ,
depletion [dipl ()n] n 1. ; 2. ; 3. . ;
4.
depletive [dipl tiv] I adj ; II n
depletory [dipl tri] = depletive
deplorable
[diplrb()l]
adj
1. ; a meal ; 2. ,
deploration [ d prei()n] n
deplore [dipl] v 1. ,
; syn. bemoan, condemn,
grieve for, lament, mourn, regret;
2.
deploy [dipli] v
deployment [diplimnt] n .

deplume [diplm] v
; . (,
. .)
depolarize [d plraiz] v 1. .
; 2. . , ( . .)
depone [dipn] v .
deponent [dipnnt] I n 1. .
,
; 2. .

( . . );
II adj .
depopulate [dippjleit] v 1. ;
2. . ( )
depopulation [d ppjlei()n] n

deport1 [dipt] v , ; syn. banish, exile, expatriate,


expel, extradite, oust
deport2 [dipt] v .: to one
self
deportation [ d ptei()n] n , , ;
deportee [ d pt ] n ,
;
deportment [diptmnt] n 1. , , ; 2. .
depose [dipz] v 1. ;
( ); 2. . ,

deposit [dipzit] I v 1. ,
, ; 2. ; ; syn.
bank, entrust, lodge, save, store;
3. , ; II n
1. ; ; , ; 2. ; to place
money on
; 3. ; 4. , ;
; 5. . , ,

depositary [dipzitri] n 1. ,
, ; 2. = depository
deposition [ depzi()n] n ,
depositor [dipzit] n ;
;
depository [dipzitri] n ,
; he is a of learning

depot [depo] n 1. .. ;
2. ; , ; 3. .
; 4. ,











:
()


(r)












:
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(r)












:
()


(r)

depravation












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

. .;
5. . .. ; 6. attr.
depravation [ deprvei()n] n
1. , ;
2. ,
deprave [dipreiv] v 1. ;
; syn. corrupt, debase, degrade, demoralise, seduce; 2. ,
depravity [diprvti] n 1. ; ; 2. .

deprecate [deprikeit] v , ,
; to hasty action
; syn. condemn, deplore,
disapprove of, object to, reject
deprecation [ deprkei()n] n ;
deprecative [deprkeitiv] adj
1. ; 2. = depre
catory
deprecatory [deprkeitri] adj
1. 
; 2.
depreciate [dipr ieit] v 1. (), ; 2. , , ;
syn. devalue, lessen, lower, reduce,
underestimate, undervalue
depreciatingly [dipr ieitili] adv
,
depreciation [di pr iei()n] n
;
depreciatory [dipr itri] adj
1. ; 2.
depredation [ depridei()n] n
1. , ; 2. pl
;

depredator [deprdeit] n .
1. ; 2.
depredatory [dipredtri] adj
depress [dipres] v 1. ,
, ;
syn. discourage, dishearten, lower,

derision
oppress, press, sadden, upset, weary;
2. ; ; the trade
is ed ; syn.
bring down, devalue, lower; 3. ; to the eyes
depressant [dipres()nt] I adj .
 ; II n .
depressed [diprest] adj 1. , ; 2.
depressible [dipresb()l] adj
depressing [dipresi] adj ;
depression [dipre()n] n 1. ; of trade
; syn. dejection, despair,
gloominess, low spirits, melancholy,
sadness; 2. , , ; in the ground ;
3. . ,
depressive [dipresiv] adj
depressor [dipres] n . ( ;
. muscle)
deprivation [ deprivei()n] n
1. , ; syn. hardship,
need, want; 2. ,
(. . ); syn. destitution, dispossession,
withholding
deprive [dipraiv] v 1. ; syn.
deny, dispossess, divest, expropriate,
rob, strip; 2. . .

deprived [dipraivd] adj


depth [dep] n ; in .
; of despair ; of winter ;
syn. abyss, exhaustiveness, intensity,
penetration, profoundness, thoroughness, wisdom
depth bomb [depbm] n
depthgauge [depgei] n , ; ,

depthward [depwd] adv 


depuration [ depjrei()n] n -



deputation [ depjtei()n] n 1. 
, ; syn. ap- 
pointment, delegation, embassy,
legation, representatives; 2. -

depute [dipjt] v 1. ; 

2.

deputize [depjtaiz] v: for s.o. 

:
deputy [depjti] n 1. , - ()
; ; syn. agent, 
ambassador, assistant, delegate, repre-
sentative; 2. , - (r)
(  );
syn. subordinate, substitute
deputysheriff [ depjtierif] n .
,

derail [d reil] v 1. (); 2.


derailment [d reilmnt] n
;
derange [direin] v
derangement [direinmnt] n
1. ; 2.

Derby [dbi] n 1. ; day


,
(
); 2. (derby) .
( )
deregulation [di regjlei()n] n
derelict [derilikt] adj , ; syn. abandoned, deserted, desolate, forsaken,
neglected, ruined
dereliction [ derilik()n] n ,
deride [diraid] v ,
derisible [dirizb()l] adj
derision [diri ()n] n , ; to be the of, to
be in ; to
hold in
245











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(r)

derisive












:
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(r)












:
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(r)












:
()


(r)

deserve

derisive [diraisiv] adj 1. , ; 2. ; attempts -

derrick [derik] n
derringer [derin] n . -

( )
derisory [diraisri] adj ,
derivable [diraivb()l] adj
derivation [ derivei()n] n ; syn. basis, beginning,
descent, genealogy, origin, root,
source
derivative [dirivtiv] I adj ; II n 1. .
; 2. .
();
derive [diraiv] v 1. ;
syn. arise, descend, draw, extract,
grow, originate, proceed, spring,
stem; 2. ; ; ;
to religion from myths
; 3. , ;
to an income ;
4. ; he s his cha
racter from his father ; 5. (); 6. . ,

derm(a) [d:m] n .
dermal [d:m()l] adj .
dermatic [d:mtik] = dermal
dermatitis [ d:mtaitis] n .
,
dermatology [ d:mtli] n
derogate [dergeit] v 1.
(, ); ;
to from one's reputation  ; 2. ,
derogation [ dergei()n] n (, , );
; on of his character

derogatory [dirgtri] adj 1. ; (
. .); 2.

desalination [d slinei()n] n -

246

desalt [ d slt] v
descant [desknt] I v 1. , ; 2. , (upon); II n 1. , , ; 2. ;
; 3.
descend [disend] v 1. ,
; syn. slope; 2. ,
; syn. drop, fall, plunge,
sink, subside; 3. ; to
from a peasant family ; syn.
originate, proceed, spring, stem;
4. ; ; to from father to son
;
5. ; ();
; 6. ; ; 7. ( )
descendant [disendnt] n
descendible [disendb()l] adj .

descensive [disensiv] adj
descent [disent] n 1. ; ; syn. decline, drop, incline;
2. , ; syn. slant, slope;
3. (,
. .); 4.
(. ); ; 5. ; 6. ; 7.
, (, )
describe [diskraib] v 1. ,
; to one's purpose
; syn. characterise, depict, detail, explain, express, illustrate, report, sketch;
2. (, );
3. .
description [diskrip()n] n 1. ; ; no one an
swering to that ,
; syn. account, characteri-

sation, explanation, narration, outline, presentation, report; 2. ,


, ; books of every
descriptive [diskriptiv] adj ; ; ; geometry ; style ,
; syn. colourful, detailed, explanatory, expressive,
vivid
descry [diskrai] v 1. ,
(. ); 2. .

desecrate [desikreit] v 1. ;

();
2. .
desecration [ desikrei()n] n ,

desensitization [di sensitaizei()n]


n

desert1 I n [dezt] 1. ;
;
syn. wasteland, wilderness, wilds;
2. . ; II adj [dezt]
; island
; syn. arid, bare, barren,
desolate, dry, infertile, wild; III v
[diz:t] 1. , ;
syn. abandon, abscond, forsake,
leave, quit, resign; 2. .
desert2 [diz:t] n 1. ; 2. (
); to treat people accord
ing to their s
deserted [diz:tid] adj
deserter [diz:t] n ; ; syn. betrayer, delinquent,
escapee, fugitive, runaway, truant
desertion [diz:()n] n
desert island [dezt ailnd] n
deserve [diz:v] v ,
; to
well (ill) of
(); to well of one's
country











:
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(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

deservedly












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

; syn. ask for, earn,


justify, merit, win
deservedly [diz:vidli] adv , ,
deserving [diz:vi] I pres. p.
deserve; II adj ;

desiccant [desiknt] n
desiccate [desikeit] v 1. ; 2. , ; d milk
desiccation [ desikei()n] n
desiccator [desikeit] n , ;
desideratum [di zidrtm] . n
(pl ta) 1.  ,
, ; 2. pl
design [dizain] I v 1. ; this room is ed as a study

; 2. ; , ; 3.
; ; ; syn. create, devise, draft, form,
intend, plan, project, purpose,
scheme, sketch; 4. , , ; II n 1. ; syn. aim, draft, drawing,
intention, meaning, model, object,
objective, outline, plan, project,
purpose, sketch; 2. ; ;
; , ;
3. , ; ; 4. ; by ;
5. () ; to have s on
( against) a person 
designate [dezignt] I v 1. ,
;
;
2. ;
; II adj ,

designation [ dezignei()n] n ;
designative [dezigneitiv] adj
designator [dezigneit] n

desperation
designedly [dizainidli] adv ,

designee [ dezign ] n

designer [dizain] n ;
. ; syn. author, creator, fashioner, inventor, maker, originator, stylist
designful [dizainfl] adj
designing [dizaini] I adj 1. ; 2. . ;
II n 1. , ; 2. .
desirability [di zairbilti] n
desirable [dizairb()l] adj , ; syn. advantageous, advisable, pleasing, preferable,
tempting, worthwhile
desire [dizai] I n 1. () ; ; at your , ; syn.
appetite, aspiration, longing, need,
request, want, wish; 2. , ; 3. ;
; II v 1. ; syn. ask,
hunger for, long for, need, request,
want, wish for; 2. ; ; I you to go at once

desirous [dizairs] adj , ()
desist [dizist] v , ; to from attempts ; syn. break
off, cease, discontinue, end, pause,
refrain, stop, suspend
desk [desk] n 1. ; syn. bureau, lectern, secretaire; 2. ; he is at his , ; syn. writing-table;
3. . ; 4. . ; ; . (. .); 5. .
; 6. . ()
desk book [deskbk] n
;
desktop [desktp] n
desman [desmn] n .

desolate [deslt] I adj 1. - 


, ; 2. -
, , ; 

syn. abandoned, dejected, depressed,

deserted, forlorn, forsaken, gloomy, 
lonely, solitary, uninhabited, wild;
3. , ; -
; II v 1. ; -
, (to a coun 

try); syn. destroy, devastate, ruin,

spoil, waste; 2. ;


:
desolateness [desltnis] n - ()


desolation [ deslei()n] n 1. -
, ; ; (r)
2. , ;
3.

despair [dispe] I v ,
; syn. give in, give 
up, lose heart, lose hope; II n 1. - 
; ; to be in the 
depth(s) of - 
; syn. desperation, gloom,

hopelessness, misery, sorrow; 2.


; he is the of his 
mother 


despairingly [disperili] adv 
:
;
()
despatch [disp] = dispatch

desperado [ desprd] n (pl

oes) ; ; (r)
;

desperate [desprt] adj 1. - 

, ; a condition

; syn. risky; 
2. ; 
; daring 
; ; syn.
audacious, determined, foolhardy,
frenzied, reckless, violent, wild;

3. ;

desperateness [despritnis] n - 


desperation [ desprei()n] n :
1. ; 2. ; to ()
drive a person to . 

 , (r)

247

despicable












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

despicable [dispikb()l] adj ; syn. contemptible, detestable, disgraceful, disreputable,


mean, shameful
despise [dispaiz] v ; syn.
condemn, deplore, detest, dislike, ignore, loathe, scorn, slight
despite [dispait] prp ;
our efforts

despoil [dispil] v . ,
; (of )
despoilment
[dispilmnt]
n
. ; ;
despoliation [di spliei()n] n

despond [dispnd] v ,
,
despondence [dispndns] n
despondency [dispndnsi] n , , ; syn.
despair, hopelessness, inconsolability,
misery, sadness, sorrow
despondent [dispndnt] adj ,
despot [despt] n
despotic [disptik] adj
despotism [desp tiz()m] n 1. ; syn. absolutism, autocracy,
dictatorship, oppression, totalitarianism, tyranny; 2.
desquamate [deskwmeit] v .
,
dessert [diz:t] n ,
(); syn. afters, pudding, sweet

destabilization [di stbilaizei()n]


n

destination
[ destinei()n]
n
1. , ;
syn. aspiration, end, intention,
objective, purpose, target; 2.
(. place of );
(,
. .); syn. journey's end, station,
stop, terminus
destine [destin] v , ;
248

detail
destined [destind] I p. p.

destine; II adj ; syn. designed, fated, inescapable, inevitable, predetermined,


unavoidable
destiny [destni] n , ;
syn. doom, fate, fortune, lot, portion
destitute [destitjt] I adj 1.  (of); syn.
bankrupt,
deficient,
deprived,
devoid of, impoverished, lacking,
needy, poor; 2. ; to be left
; II n (the ) ,
destitution [ destitj()n] n ; ;
destroy [distri] v ; ; ; syn. break,
crush, demolish, eliminate, eradicate,
extinguish, nullify, overthrow, ruin,
smash, wreck
destroyable [distrib()l] adj
destroyer [distri] n 1. ; 2. .
, ; 3. .
destructibility [dis trktibiliti] n

destructible [distrktb()l] adj

destruction [distrk()n] n 1. ;
;
syn.
crushing, devastation, elimination,
extermination, liquidation, rum, ruination, wreckage; 2. ;
3. ;
overconfidence was his

destructive [distrktiv] adj , ; criti


cism ; to
health ;
syn. catastrophic, disastrous, disruptive, harmful, vicious
destructiveness [distrktivns] n

destructor [distrkt] n 1. . 
; 2. -



desulphurize [d slfraiz] v .

, - 
,

desultory [desltri] adj -


, ; -
; reading - 
; fighting . 

; fire .


:
detach [dit] v 1. (); ()
; ; - 
;


(from); syn. cut off, disconnect, dis- (r)
join, divide, free, remove, separate,
unfasten; 2. ., . ,
(, )
detachable
[ditb()l] adj
1. ; 2. ;
detached [ditt] adj 1. , ; ; house ; piece
. ; syn. disconnected, divided, free, separate;
2. ; ; opinion ; syn. disinterested, independent,
neutral, objective; 3. . (); duty
detachment [ditmnt] n 1. ; 2. ., .
; 3. ,
; 4. . (); 5.
detail [d teil] I n 1. ;
; pl , ; , ; to go in
to s ;
in ; drawing
; syn. aspect,
component, element, fact, factor, feature, ingredient, item, particular,
point; 2. . ; ;
3. . (.
. .); II v 1. -











:
()


(r)












:
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(r)

detailed












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

, ;
2. . ; ,
detailed [d teild] adj ,
; syn. complicated, descriptive, exact, particular, specific,
thorough
detain [ditein] v 1. ;
syn. arrest, delay, hold (up), keep,
prevent, restrain, stay, stop; 2. (); 3.
; 4. ;
(. )
detainee [ d tein ] n
detainer [ditein] n 1.
; 2.
(
)
detank [d tk] v . ()
detect [ditekt] v ;
; ; syn.
disclose, discover, distinguish, notice,
observe, uncover, unmask
detectable [ditektb()l] adj
detection [ditek()n] n 1. , ; 2. .
detective [ditektiv] I adj ,
; novel ; II n
, ; syn. constable,
cop, investigator, private investigator,
thief-catcher
detector [ditekt] n .
detent [ditent] n . , , ; , ;

detente [deitnt] . n
( )
detention [diten()n] n ;
, ; pend
ing trial ; syn. confinement, constraint,
custody, delay, hindrance, imprisonment, restraint
deter [dit:] v (from
); (from);

detract
syn. check, disincline, hinder, prevent, prohibit, put off, restrain, stop
detergent [dit:nt] I adj ; II n
; syn. cleaner, cleanser, soap
deteriorate [ditirireit] v (); syn. decay, decline, degenerate, disintegrate, weaken, worsen
deterioration [di tirirei()n] n
1. ; ; 2. ,
deteriorative [ditirireitiv] adj

determinable [dit:minb()l] adj

determinant [dit:minnt] I adj


, ; ; II n 1.
; 2. . ,
determinate [dit:minit] adj ,
determination [di t:minei()n] n
1. ; ; ; 2. ; ; syn. conviction, decision,
insistence, intention, persistence,
resolution, steadfastness, will
determinative [dit:mintiv] I adj
; ; ; II n 1.
; 2. .

determine [dit:min] v 1. ; ; syn. ascertain, choose, detect, direct, establish, fix, regulate, rule; 2. ();
3. , ; 4. .
(); ; 5. .
;
determined [dit:mind] adj ; ;
character
determiner [dit:min(r)] n .

determinism [dit:mi niz()m] n


.
deterministic [di t:ministik] adj

deterrence [diterns] n - 

deterrent [diternt] I adj - 



, ; 
; II n

detersive [dit:siv] = detergent

detest [ditest] v , -
; syn. abhor, de-

plore, despise, dislike, hate, loathe
detestable [ditestb()l] adj - 

; ; act 

:
detestation
[ d testei()n]
n ()
1. ; 2. - 
, ,
(r)

dethrone [dirn] v 1.
; syn. oust, topple, un
crown, unseat; 2.

dethronement [dirnmnt] n 


detinue [detinj] n . - 
; 
action of . -


detonate [detneit] v - 
, (); syn. blast, blow 
up, discharge, explode, ignite, kindle 
detonating [detneiti] adj - :
; fuse ()

; ; ;

gas
(r)
detonation [ detnei()n] n 1. , ; 2. 


detonator [detneit] n 1. - 
; ; 2. ..

detour [deit] n , 
, ; to make a -
; syn. bypass, byroad; by-

way, deviation, diversion

detox [d tks] n 


detoxication [d tksikei()n] n 

:
detract [ditrkt] v 1. ; ()
; that does not from 

his merit (r)


; syn. belittle, diminish,
249

detraction












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

lessen, lower, reduce; 2. ,

detraction [ditrk()n] n 1. ; , ;
2. ;
detractive [ditrktiv] adj 1. ; 2.
detractor [ditrkt] n
detrain [d train] v 1. () ; 2. ,
()
detriment [detrimnt] n ,
; I know nothing to his
; syn. damage, disadvantage, evil, harm, hurt, injury, loss,
mischief
detrimental [ detriment()l] I adj
1. ; ;
2. ; II n . ,
detrital [ditrait()l] adj
detrition [ditri()n] n (.
.); ,

detritus [ditraits] n .
detruck [d trk] v . 1. () ; 2.
detune [d tjn] v .
deuce1 [djs] n 1. , ;
2. , ( )
deuce2 [djs] n, int ( , ); (the)
take it! !; (the) a
bit! !; (the) a man!
!; to play the with ; where the
did I put the book?
, ?
deuced [djst] I adj . ; ; I'm in a hurry
; II adv ,

deuterium [djtirim] n
Deuteronomy [ djtrnmi] n
.
250

devil's bones
devastate [devsteit] v 1. , ; syn. demolish, destroy, lay waste, level, plunder, ruin,
spoil, waste; 2. ,

devastated [devsteitid] adj , ; areas

devastating [devsteiti] adj
1. , ; 2.
devastation [ devstei()n] n
1. , ; syn.
demolition, desolation, destruction,
plunder, ruin, wreckage; 2. .
devastative [devsteitiv] adj
develop [divelp] v 1. (); an argument which has
ed out of these events ,

; syn. advance, branch out,
expand, progress, prosper;; syn. create, generate, invent; 2. ,
(, );
. , ; 3. .
; 4. ;
5. ;
developer [divelp] n ,

developing country [divelpi


kntri] n
development [divelpmnt] n
1. ; ; ; ; syn. advance, change,
evolution, expansion, extension,
growth, improvement, progress,
spread; 2. ; 3. ; 4. . ;
5. , (); 6. ; ; 7. . , ;
8. ;
9.

developmental [di velpment()l]


adj

deverbative [d v:btiv] adj

deviance [d vins] n 


deviant [d vint] adj -



deviate [dvieit] v ;

; syn. depart, differ, di- 
gress, diverge, part, turn (aside), vary,
wander

deviation [ d viei()n] n -

,
device [divais] n 1. ; ; 

; syn. plan, plot, scheme,

strategy; 2. ; 3. , :
;
syn. badge, design, ()
emblem, insignia, logo, symbol; 
4. . ; -
; ; , - (r)
; to leave one to his own
s
; syn. apparatus, appliance,
instrument, machine, utensil
devil [dev()l] I n (. the Dev
il) , , ; . int
: what the do
you mean? , ? a bit of mon
ey did he give! ,
!; to work like a
; syn. brute, demon, Evil
One, fiend, man of sin, ogre, Satan
devildom [dev()ldm] n ,
devilfish [dev()lfi] n . 1.
 ; 2. ;
3.
devilish [dev()li] I adj , ; syn. accursed,
damnable, diabolical, hellish, infernal,
satanic; II adv . ,

devilmaycare

[ dev()lmeike]

adj ; a attitude
devilment [dev()lmnt] = devilry
devilry [dev()lri] n ,
;
devil's advocate [dev()lzdvkeit]
n . ,

devil's bones [dev()lzbnz] n pl
.











:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

devil's books












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

devil's books [dev()lzbks] n pl


.

devil's darningneedle [ dev()lzdnin dl] n


deviltry [dev()ltri] = devilry
devious [d vis] adj 1. ; ; paths ;
2. . ; ;
syn. cunning, deceitful, dishonest,
evasive, indirect, insincere, tricky
devise [divaiz] I v 1. ;
; syn. arrange, compose,
design, form, invent, plan, plot,
project, scheme; 2. .
(); II n 1. . ;
(); 2.
devisee [ deviz ] n .
( )
deviser [divaiz] n 1. ;
2. . ()
devitalize [d vaitlaiz] v
;
devitrification [d vitrifikei()n] n
., .
devocalize [d vklaiz] v . ,
devoid [divid] adj ; 
(of); of sense ; of substance
; syn. barren, deficient,
destitute, lacking, vacant, void,
wanting
devoir [devw] n , ; pl ; to pay
one's s to
 ;

devolution [ d vl()n] n
devolve [divlv] v 1.
(, . .);
2.
( ); 3.
( ); 4. , ( );

diabetic
Devonian [devnin] I n 1. : 2. . ;
; II adj 1. ; 2. .
devote [divt] v 1.
() ; syn. commit,
dedicate, give oneself, pledge, reserve,
surrender; 2. 
devoted [divtid] adj 1. ; 2. ;
3. , ; syn. ardent, attentive, caring, concerned,
dedicated, faithful, loving, true; 4.
devotedly [divtidli] adv
devotee [ devt ] n 1. ,

; ; 2. ;
devotion [div()n] n 1. ; ;
; syn.
adherence, affection, attachment,
commitment, dedication, faith,
faithfulness, fondness, love, regard;
2. ; 3. pl
,
devotional [div()n()l] adj , ,
devour [diva] v 1. ,
; syn. absorb, consume,
destroy, eat, engulf, gorge, gulp,
spend, stuff, swallow; 2. .: ed
by curiosity ; he s novel after novel
;
to the way , ; he ed
every word ; 3. . ;

devouringly [divarili] adv ; to gaze at


devout [divat] adj 1. ; , ; 2. ;
( wishes); syn. ardent, constant,

devoted, faithful, serious, sincere,


whole-hearted
devoutness [divatns] n
dew [dj] I n 1. ; 2. . ; the of youth
; 3. , ;
II v 1. , ; ; 2. . ;
it s
dewar [dj] n
dewberry [djbri] n
dewclaw [djkl] n
( )
dewdrop [djdrp] n ,

dewfall [djfl] n 1.
; 2. ,

dewiness [djins] n
dewlap [djlp] n 1.
( ); 2.
( )
dewpoint [djpint] n . ; ,
dewy [dji] adj 1. ;
; 2. , ; 3. . ;
dexterity [deksterti] n 1. , ; syn.
ability, aptitude, cleverness, deftness,
ingenuity, skilfulness, skill; 2.
dexterous [dekstrs] adj ,
; syn. able, active, agile,
deft, handy, masterly, nimble, quick,
skilful
dextrin(e) [dekstrin] n .
dextrous [dekstrs] = dexterous
di [dai-] pref 1. = dis; diatomic
; 2. = dia
dia [dai-] pref , 
diabase [daibeis] n .
diabetes [ daib t z] n . ,

diabetic [ daibetik] I adj ; II n
251











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:
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(r)












:
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(r)

diablerie












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(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

dibhole

diablerie [diblri] n ,

diabolic [ daiblik] adj 1. ; 2. . , (. diabolical)

diabolical

[ da(i)blik()l] adj

diabolism [daibliz()m] n

diachylon, diachylum [daikiln,


-lm] n .
diacritic [ daikritik] . I n

; II adj (. diacritical)
diadem [daidem] n ; ,
diagnose [daignz] v ; syn. analyse, determine, distinguish, interpret, investigate
diagnosis [ daignsis] n 1. ; syn. analysis, conclusion,
examination, explanation, opinion,
verdict; 2. ,

diagnostic [ daignstik] . I adj


; II n 1.
(); 2. pl
diagnostician [ daignsti()n] n

diagnostics [ daignstiks] n
diagonal [daign()l] I adj ,

;
cloth , ; II n
diagram [daigrm] n ,
; syn. chart, drawing, graph,
illustration, outline, plan, schema,
sketch

diagrammatic(al) [ daigrmtik()l] adj


diagrammatize [ daigrmtaiz] v
, ,
dial [dail] I n 1. ;
2. ; ; miner's
; syn. circle, clock,
control, meter; 3. ,
; 4. . ,
; II v 1. 252

; 2. ( ); syn. call (up), phone, ring


dialect [dailekt] n . 1. , ; ; 2. attr.
dialectal [ dailekt()l] adj .

dialectic [ dailektik] adj


dialectical [ dailektik()l] adj . ; material
ism
dialectician [ dailekti()n] n .
dialectics [ dailektiks] n
dialectology [ dailektli] n
dialling code [da(i)likd] n (
. .)
dialogic [ dailik] adj
dialogue [dailg] n , ; syn. communication, conversation, debate, discussion, interchange,
talk
dialysis [dailsis] n .
diameter [daimit] n
diametral [daimitrl] adj ;
diametric(al) [ daimetrik()l] adj

diametrically [ daimetrikli] adv

diamine [daimain] n
diamond [daimnd] I n 1. ;
; black
; rough ; . , ,
; 2. ;
3. . ; 4. . ; II adj
1. , ;
the State . ;
2. ; III v

diapason [ daipeizn] n

diaper [daip] n - 

diaphanous [daifns] adj - 



,

diaphoretic [ daifretik] I adj 
; II n -

diaphragm [daifrm] n 1. -
; ; 2. - 

; 3. ., .

diaphragmatic [ daifrgmtik]

adj
:
diarchy [daiki] n
()
diarist [dairist] n , - 


diarize [dairaiz] v ; (r)


diarrhea [ dairi] n

diarrhoea [ dairi] n .

diary [dairi] n 1. ; 2. 
; syn. 
appointment book, day-book, engage- 
ment book, year-book

diaspora [daispr] n
diastole [daistli] n . -



diathermancy [ dai:mnsi] n

. , - 

:
diathermic [ dai:mik] adj . ()
; - 

diathermy [dai:mi] n . - (r)

diathesis [daisis] n . 

diatom [daitm] n . 
()

diatomic [ daitmik] adj - 


diatonic [ daitnik] n . -

diatribe [daitraib] n . -

,

dibasic [daibeisik] . I adj - 
; II n - 
:

dibble [dib()l] .. I n ()


; II v , 


(r)
dibhole [dibhl] n .

dice












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

diet

dice [dais] I n 1. pl die; 2.


; II v 1. ; to
away ;
2.
( ); 3.

dicotyledonous [ daiktil dns]


dicebox [daisbks] n ,

dicer [dais] n
dicey [daisi] adj
dichogamy [daikgmi] n . ,
dichotomy [daiktmi] n ,
dichroic [daikrik] adj
dichromatic [ daikrmtik] adj
1. , ;
2. = dichromic
dichromic [daikrmik] adj .


dick1 [dik] n . .
dick2 [dik] n .: to take one's
, ; up to
dickens [dikinz] n . ; what
the do you want? ,
, ?
dicker [dik] . I n 1. . ( , . ,
); 2. ; 3.
,
; II v

dickey, dicky [diki] I n 1. .


; 2. . , ;
3. ; 4.
; 5.

; 6. ;
; II adj .
1. , ;
; 2. ( . .)
dicotyledon [ daiktil d()n] n
.

dictaphone [diktfn] n
dictate [dikteit] I v 1.

adj .

dicta [dikt] pl dictum


dictagraph [diktgrf] = dicto
graph

( . .); syn. say, speak;


2. ; syn. command,
decree, direct, instruct, order, rule;
II n 1. (. pl) ,
; the s of reason (of con
science) (); 2. . ,

dictation [diktei()n] n 1. , ; 2. ;
to do something at another's
 
; 3. .
dictator [dikteit] n ; syn.
autocrat, despot, supremo, tyrant
dictatorate [dikteitrit] n
dictatorial [ dikttril] adj 1. , ( );
2. , ( . .)
dictatorship [dikteitip] n ; syn. absolutism, despotism, totalitarianism, tyranny
diction [dik()n] n 1.
; ; poetic ;
2.
dictionary [dikn()ri] n 1. ; syn. encyclopaedia, glossary, lexicon, thesaurus, vocabulary;
2. ,

dictograph [diktgrf] n
dictum [diktm] n ,
did [did] past do
didactic [didktik] I adj , ; syn.
educational, instructive, moral,
pedagogic, prescriptive; II n pl

didacticism [daidktisiz()m] n 
; -



diddle [did()l] 1. . 
, ; to a person out 
of his money -
; 2.

didn't [did()nt] . did not


dido [daid] n (pl oes) . . 

,

didst [didst] . 2 . . . 
. to do
:
die1 [dai] n 1. ; the ()
is cast, thrown , 
; 2. , -
; ; 3. . ; (r)
4. . (); 5. .
;

die2 [dai] v 1. ; to in one's


bed ; syn. decease, perish; 2. , ; syn. disappear,
end, expire, finish, sink, stop, subside;
3. ( ); 4. ( ); 5.
( ); 6. .
; I am dying for a glass
of water

diehard [daihd] n .
dielectric [ daiilektrik] I n . , ; II adj
dies [ d eiz] . n ; non
; ,

Diesel [d z()l] n .
, (. engine,
motor)
diesinker [dai sik] n
diesis [daisis] n (pl eses) 1. .
; 2. .
diestock [daistk] n .
diet [dait] I n 1. , ;
a simple ; syn. dietary, food, foodstuffs, nutrition, rations; 2. ; II v 
253











:
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(r)












:
()


(r)

dietetic












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)












:
()


(r)

; to oneself ; syn. abstain, lose


weight, reduce, slim
dietetic [ daitetik] adj
dietitian [ daiti()n] n ;

dif [dif-] = dis


differ [dif] v 1. , ( from); syn. contradict