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4.

.
:
( ) G= /;
T1= 2= ;
=903 /3;
e=0,6; 293 875 / 3;
293 =950 / 3;
( .%) 4 90,84; 26 5,55; 38 0,54; -410 0,35;
2 0,84; N2 1,88.
4.1. .

:
1. 4 + 22 = 2 + 22
2. 226 + 72 = 42 + 22
3. 38 + 52 = 32 + 42
4. 2-410 + 192 = 82 + 102

L0 ( ),
1 ( ).
:
:
m1(O2) = 3,83
m2(O2) = 0,02
m3(O2) = 0,019
m4(O2) = 0,013
3,882 , ,
16,6 .
:
L = L0
L = 16,61,05=17,46

(4.1)

(=1,031,07
).


.
.
.
.
. .
.

..
..

04.00.
.

3120604,2005

( ),
1 . mi (/
), , 2 ,
( ):
:
m1(O2) = 0,023
m2(O2) = 0,024
m3(O2) = 0,0253
m4(O2) = 0,0254
:
m1(2) = 2,156
m2(2) = 0,009
m3(2) = 0,008
m4(2) = 0,005
, , :
m(2) = 2,178
m(O2) = 0,096
m(O2) = 3,882
m(N2) = 0,188+12,7=12,91
:
m(O2) = 17,4612,913,882 = 0,668
% .
:
n(2) = 11,43 %
n(2) = 0,5 %
n(N2) = 67,7 %
n(O2) = 20,36 %
% .,
:
Vi = mi22.4/Mi

(4.2)

Vi i , 3/ ;
Mi i , /.
:
V(2) = 2,7 3,
V(2) = 0,048 3
V(N2) = 12,04 3
V(O2) = 2,71 3
V = 17,858 3
% . :
n(2) = 15 %
n(2) = 0,2 %

n(N2) = 67 %
n(O2) = 15,17 %
q =f() (
).
( /), 1 , 300, 500,
700, 1100, 1500 1900 :
q = (273)mici

(4.3)

i ( /).
1

, , i

:
q300 = (300273)(0,91693,882+1,030812,91+0,82860,096+1,86322,178)
q300 = 564,5 /
, :
q500 = 4804 /
q700 = 9250 /
q1100 = 18450 /
q1500 = 28932 /
q1900 = 39601 /
.
( /):
Q = xiQi

(4.4)

xi i ;
Qi i , ( /);
:
Qi = 204472noi/Mi

(4.5)

ni ,
i ;
Mi i , /.
:
Q(4) = 2044724/16=51118 /
Q(26) = 95420 /
Q(38) = 46470 /
Q(-410) = 133964 /
:
Qcu = 511180.9584+954200.0055+464700.0054+1339640.0035
Qcu = 50236 /.

2. ... , .
... :
= 1(q/Q + q/Q)

(4.6)

q/Q ,
;
q/Q ,
;
q/Q=0,06; q q=f(), =,

120 , :
= 1+120

(4.7)

( /) :
Q = G[q 2+(1e)q2 q 1]

(4.8)

G , /;
q 2, q2
2, /;

q 1 1, /, (
,
);
Q (/) :
Q = Q /

(4.9)

( /):
= Q / Q

(4.10)

4.3.
():
( 2) :
= Q / q

(4.11)

Q , , ;
q , /2 (
q=67 /2).
,
:
Q = (Q q)

(4.12)

=0,96 ;
q ,
/ ( = 1023 q
q=f().
. ,
,
, q
:
Q = G[q 2+(1 e)q2 q K]

(4.13)

.
d=127*8 l=9.5 (
10 ).
(
):
N = H / dl

(4.14)

,
,
.
S=0.25 .
:
S1 = S3 / 2

(4.15)

=1 .
():
h = (N 1)S +0.5S+2l

(4.16)

N=N / 2 ;
l=0,25
.
:
b = 2a + S1

(4.17)

:
V = bhl
:
Qv = Q / V

(4.18)
(4.19)



2 q =69,78 .
(
):
N = Q / q

(4.20)

0,5*0,5 ,
:
HSR = 0.25N

(4.21)

.1.
4. .


. :
= (1/ [108 / CSHS(Q Q) + 4] )1/ 4

(4.22)

CS = 5,73 /(2) ;
HS , 2;

Q , ,
;
, ;
, HSR/HS ;
HSR , 2.

:
= ( + 2)/2 + q[1/2 + /

(4.23)]

2 = 940 /2
;
, 2;
= 45,4 / .
HSR/HS

1 ; 2 - ; 3 .
. 2.
( /2)
:
= 2,1( )1/ 4

(4.24)

, ,
:
Q = ( )
(4.25)
= 0,9 ,
, .
S.
.
HR
(

,
):
HR = HR/ d

(4.26)

HR = 72,2 2 1
.
VR
.
.

, .
:
F = 4h + 2(hl HSR/2)

(4.27)

, :
R = 1,2T

(4.28)

( ) :
TV = T + (QRK + QR) / mici

(4.29)

QR , ;
mici 1
( + 150).
, ,
:
QR = QT (1 T)

(4.30)

:
= 1 / (V) + A2 / (TR)

(4.31)

:
A1 = 1 ( 1 + HV)

(4.31)

A2 = (1 1) R (HR + 2)
(TV) = (T4 4) / T4V 4

(4.32)
(4.33)

(TR) = (T4 4) / T4R 4

(4.34)

1 ;
,R = 0,9 ;
1, 2 HP / F (.2)

V = 1
V (.2)

(4.36)

I ; 2 , ; 3 ,
.
. 3.
2

:
S = HP
(4.37)


(, 10) , ,
.
5. .
:

R = QK / k1T
(4.38)
QK , ,
;
k1 , /( 2 );
T , ;
, :
QK = Q Q

(4.39)


:
k1 = 1.1 (1 )

(4.40)

1 ,
/( );
, /
( 2);
1 :
1 = / d Re0.6Pr0.33

(4.41)

C , 0.33;
, (,
10, = 1;
, /().
Re (4.41)
= 0,5( + );
.
.
l1 = 9.5 ,
d = 102 6 .
.
(. 1) S = 172
.

. , :
f = (b n1d)l = [ (n1 1)S + 3d n1d]l (4.42)
n1 = 4 ;

:

Vi
m 3600 f 273

(4.42)

m = 2 ( ).
Re
, ,
.
:

xi i
i

(4.43)

, ;
Mj ;
i
;
xt .
:

22 4

273

(4.44)

(4.45)

:
xi i

(4.46)

- (. 4).
4
.

:
ci x
i

(4.47)

:
Re

Re

(4.48)

(4.49)

:
= 2 2

(4.50)

2 2 2 2,
,
.
,
.
:
L = 3,49S 4.1d

(4.51)

2 2 ( ):
(pl)CO2 = xCO2 l
(pl)H2O = xH2O l

(4.52)
(4.53)

35
:

1
2

35

(4.54)

ln

(4.55)

1

d
l



:
ln

d l

(4.56)

(
):
m

2n

(4.57)

, ,

h ( m 1) S

S
1

S 3
2

:
(4.58)


= 1 .

I* . VI.

= 1 *:
j - if - NO; 3, J HGl; 5 ; Na; 7 so2; CH;
HtO\

.; iiCH,; ,; J* C,H#; M , + Na; i , |N..; /a


;
17 1.
: lcll-i JO"'Ila-o.
* ^
ixaeiur
I1UJIX 1/