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Language

Innovations in
, Manuscripts
Attributed to
Cyprian the
* Metropolitan
Tatiana I. Afanasyeva

.- St. Petersburg State University

Viacheslav V. Kozak
Institute for Linguistic Studies of
the Russian Academy of Sciences
(.-) (St. Petersburg)

Georgii A. Molkov
Institute for Linguistic Studies of
the Russian Academy of Sciences
(.-) (St. Petersburg)

Evgenii G. Sokolov

.- St. Petersburg State University

Miliausha G. Sharikhina
Institute for Linguistic Studies of
the Russian Academy of Sciences
1 (.-) (St. Petersburg)

* , 140400150.

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative


Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International 2015 1 Slovne
Language Innovations in Manuscripts Attributed to
14 | Cyprian the Metropolitan


,
XIV ., ,
(1406): (, 152),
(, 142) (, 144).
.
, .
:
, .
144 :
.
.
,
,
XIV . .

. XIV .,
, .
..
XIVXV .


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XIV .

Abstract
This article deals with the language innovations characteristic of translations of
the 14th century as represented in manuscripts regarded by scholars as emanating
from the literary activities of Metropolitan Cyprian (1406): the Ladder of Divine
Ascent, the Psalter, and the works of St.Dionysius the Areopagite. The number of
innovations is different for each of the texts listed above, the Psalter being the least
innovative and the Ladder the most innovative text. Nevertheless the distribution of
corrections in the Ladder seems to be irregular, with the initial part containing more
innovations than the end of the codex. The works of St.Dionysius the Areopagite
represented in MDA144 (Russian State Library, Moscow) have nothing to do with
Cyprians literary activities, for this manuscript is a copy of a translation made by
Isaiah, a monk at the St.Panteleimonos Monastery on Mount Athos. The number
of innovations in this translation lies between those seen in the Psalter and in the
Ladder. Thus, a text attributed to the same person may differ significantly in terms of
translation technique, which leads to the conclusion that the so-called attributional
criterion is unreliable for a description of the written language of the 14th century.
Along the same lines, such notions as the Athos norm and the Tarnovo norm are
quite fluid and do not have any strictly defined borders. Therefore we suggest that
these 14th-century translations have to be examined in the context of the degree
to which they illustrate language innovations in a particular text. This criterion
has been already successfully applied by M.G.Galchenko for a description of the
orthographic features of the Second South Slavic Influence in Russian manuscripts
of the 14th15th centuries.

Slovne 2015 1
Tatiana I. Afanasyeva, Viacheslav V. Kozak,
Georgii A. Molkov, Evgenii G. Sokolov, Miliausha G. Sharikhina | 15

Keywords
translation technique, Cyprians translations, problems of the description of 14th-
century Church Slavonic

, ,
: XIXI.
.
, .
()
[152], [144]
[142].
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[142], [144],
[152].


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1980]. , ,
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, 152 ()
, ,
6895 (1387) :
.280. c
.
,
.

2015 1 Slovne
Language Innovations in Manuscripts Attributed to
16 | Cyprian the Metropolitan

, 142 144,
,
,


[.601] (. : [
2004: 116119; 2009: 193229]). ,
,
: ,
,
[231],
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: 1)

[1982: 92; 2004: 9495]; 2)

(coniunctivus prohibitivus),

[2004: 6263]; 3)
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2009: 146148]; 4)

[2004: 194; 2009: 333337; 2009:
144146]; 5)
, ,
,
, , [2004: 97100];
6) 2- .
2- .
[1989: 177179]; 7)
[2004: 104105;
2009: 155158].

,
[2009]. ,

Slovne 2015 1
Tatiana I. Afanasyeva, Viacheslav V. Kozak,
Georgii A. Molkov, Evgenii G. Sokolov, Miliausha G. Sharikhina | 17


,
.

1. [152]
, 1387.
, , ,
[1991: 73].

.48 . XI.,
[2010: 142143].
,
, [.110; 6677; 103129.],
.

.
.-. [Migne1864: 6231164].

1.1.
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[152:
.66] ,
( ,
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[.76.] ;
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[.66.], . 48;
[.77] ; [.104.]
; [.110.] ;
[.100.] ;
[.113.] .
152, .48,
( ):
[.66.67]

2015 1 Slovne
Language Innovations in Manuscripts Attributed to
18 | Cyprian the Metropolitan

.
, ,
: [.70.]
.

1.2. , ,

,
, : [.6] ;
[.8] [...] ;
[.9] ;
[.67]
;
[.73]
; [.104] ...
.
,
, , :
[.67.]
; [.68.]
;
[.69.] ;
[.2.] ;
[.68.]
.
:
, [.68.]
.

, : [.4] , [.4.]
, [.6]
, [.9] .

: , [.116.]
, .
, , ,
,
,
( )
.

Slovne 2015 1
Tatiana I. Afanasyeva, Viacheslav V. Kozak,
Georgii A. Molkov, Evgenii G. Sokolov, Miliausha G. Sharikhina | 19

1.3. ,

: [.1.]
; [.2]
,
[.2.] .
,
:
[.66.] ;
[.66.] , , ;
[.75] , ;
[.75] .
,
, ,

, . ,
.

1.4.Coniunctivus prohibitivus
, ,

+ : [.1.]
;
[.69] ,
; [.110]
; [.110]
. , .48
, : ,
[.63.].
+
152 ,
: :
[.65] , ; [.110]
; [.121] ; [.121]
; [.127] .
, 120 .

1.5. 2 sg. aoristi


(
)
: [.1.] .

2015 1 Slovne
Language Innovations in Manuscripts Attributed to
20 | Cyprian the Metropolitan

, ,
.
( ),
:
[.75.] ;
[.76]
;
[.73.] ,
.
(
):
, ; ; ,
[.73.]
, ; , ; ,
; , .

1.6.
152 ,
, ,
:
[.67.]; [.67.];
[.68]; [.71]; [.107]
; [.108]
, .
, :

[.114.]
. :
[.110]
.

1.7. . . * -

*-, -
. . : [.6.]
; [.7.]
; [.112] ;
[.114] ;
[.115] ;
[.117.] , ,
. -
.

Slovne 2015 1
Tatiana I. Afanasyeva, Viacheslav V. Kozak,
Georgii A. Molkov, Evgenii G. Sokolov, Miliausha G. Sharikhina | 21

1.8.

. ,
+ inf.
+ : [.1]
; [.106]
; [.106.]
; [.108]
;
[.73]
.
+ inf. + .:
[.117]
.
+ inf. - + .:
[.23] ;
[.136.] ;
[...] [.57.] .
+ inf. + .:
[.24.] ; ,
[.79] .
, 152
, ,
, .
: ; , ,
;
;
;

;
- *-
, .
: ;
; 2 sg. aor.
, ; .

2. [142]
, ..
( ) ,
, , :
, ,

2015 1 Slovne
Language Innovations in Manuscripts Attributed to
22 | Cyprian the Metropolitan

, [1901:
35], .
,

,
.

[1901: 3435]. ..
,
( )
. ,
, ,
( [.76.] [.113b]).
, ..

,
:
, .

+ inf. [.73]. .. ,
,
: ,
,
[1901: 36].
,
.., ,
.

(,
). ,
, ,
[1982: 80].
,
,
(1397.) , ,
[ ]. ..

, ,
.
,
: 1)

Slovne 2015 1
Tatiana I. Afanasyeva, Viacheslav V. Kozak,
Georgii A. Molkov, Evgenii G. Sokolov, Miliausha G. Sharikhina | 23

, : [.21] ; 2)
, : [.21];
3) + inf.
, :
[.23] ; 4)
, : [.28.]
; [.28.] ;
5) ,
: [.47] ;
6)
, : [.34] .
.. ,
, ,
,
[1982: 8692].
,
,
[.510., 17.18, 20.21., 27.28., 3032.,
6872, 91.92., 101102., 107.115.],
.


( )
.

2.1.

. ,
, ,
: [.6.],
[.21], [.21].
.

2.2., ,
,
, . ,

: [.32]
, [.102] , [.69]
, [.32.]
.

2015 1 Slovne
Language Innovations in Manuscripts Attributed to
24 | Cyprian the Metropolitan

[.8., 21, 31, 70, 92,


110], [.110].
.

2.3. ,
,
: [.5] ,
[.17.] , [.27.]
, [.102.] .

2.4.Coniunctivus prohibitivus
coniunctivus prohibitivus 2- .
( ),
+ :
. [...] [.6.] ,
[...] .
+
.

2.5. 2 sg. aoristi


2- .
: [...] [.55.]
[...] ; [.109]
; [.6] ; [.17.]
.
1.

2.6.
,
,
: [.7], [.9],
[.102.], [.113], [.115], :
[.10],
[.55.].

2.7. . . * -

. *-
1
,

[ 1989: 69].

Slovne 2015 1
Tatiana I. Afanasyeva, Viacheslav V. Kozak,
Georgii A. Molkov, Evgenii G. Sokolov, Miliausha G. Sharikhina | 25

( *u-) -: [.25.]
;
[.29.] ;
[.40] .

2.8.
+ inf.
+ .: [.8.]
, [.10]
, [.32.]
.
.
+ inf.
+ : [.5.]
, ,
[.108]
.
: [.9.]
. + .
+ inf. .
+
inf. : .
. [.31.]
, ,
. , [.102]
,
, [.109]
.
. (
)
+ .: [.32.] ,
[.32.]
, [...] [.28]
[...] .
,
, ,
,
.
, ( )
. ,
, .

2015 1 Slovne
Language Innovations in Manuscripts Attributed to
26 | Cyprian the Metropolitan

,
,
,
, , .

3. [144]
.. 144
,
5060-. XI. [1988: 491492].

[.46]. 144 .46
,
, ..
... , 144,
,
, , [, 1980: 284].
144 ,
,
,
,
. .

...
,

( )
[2005: 53].
144
1- 2-
[.822].

, [.23262]
[.422424].
[Migne1857: 119145].

3.1.
+ Gen. .
:
[.11.] ; [.21.]
, [.21.] ;
[.26] ; [.47]

Slovne 2015 1
Tatiana I. Afanasyeva, Viacheslav V. Kozak,
Georgii A. Molkov, Evgenii G. Sokolov, Miliausha G. Sharikhina | 27

; .
[.14.], [.23] [.21].
+ Gen.
.: [.14]
; [.14.]
; [.15.]
; [.29]
; [.62] ,
[.62.]
; : [.31.,
57., 59., 60.] ; [.61] .
+ Acc.,
, + Gen.
,
+ Acc.: ,
[.18]
; [.51.]
; [...]
[.61] [...] ;
[...] [.88.]
[...] ; [.144]
; [.145.]
. .88. , ,
.
Acc.
. : [.128.] ; :
[.73] ; :
[.31., 70] ; [.46.47]
; [.72] ;
[.74.] .

3.2., ,

3-
. .

, , :
[.8] . .822
25 .

, .:

2015 1 Slovne
Language Innovations in Manuscripts Attributed to
28 | Cyprian the Metropolitan

[.423.]
. .
.822
, , , : [.19]
.
.

3.3. ,

.
:
[.51.] ; [.101.]
; [.424]
.

3.4.Coniunctivus prohibitivus
coniunctivus prohibitivus
.
:
, , .
[.48.]
, , ,
, (. 9:56).
.

3.5. 2 sg. aoristi


2 ..
.
: ,

[.51.] , , ,
.

3.6.


.
-
: [] ,
[.390.]
, ,
;

Slovne 2015 1
Tatiana I. Afanasyeva, Viacheslav V. Kozak,
Georgii A. Molkov, Evgenii G. Sokolov, Miliausha G. Sharikhina | 29

[ ] [.390.]
.

, , .
. ( , ).

( ),
:
[.48] .

3.7. . . * -
-()
. :
[.8.]; [.9]; ,
[.11.]; [.14] ..
:
.
.
: [.50.] .

3.8.

+ .: [...] ,
[.63.] [...] ,
[.63.] ;
[.85, 190, 192, 192., 195 bis] ;
[.114.] ;
[.192.] .
: ,
, [.135.]
; [.195.] ;
[.200.] ; [.195,
195.] ; : [.195] .

-:
+ inf.: [.26] ;
[.80]
;
+ inf.: ,
[.27] ;
+ inf.: [.54]

2015 1 Slovne
Language Innovations in Manuscripts Attributed to
30 | Cyprian the Metropolitan

;
[.61] ;
[...] [.88.] [...] ;
[.105.]
; [.145.]
; , [.216]
;
+ inf.: [.253]
; : ,
, , [.262.]
.
-
.

,
.

.
Gen.
,
+ inf.,
[2009: 116].
,
,
.

( );
Acc.
.

4. XIV.

, , ,
.
.
, ,
,
. ,
.
, , ,
, .

Slovne 2015 1
Tatiana I. Afanasyeva, Viacheslav V. Kozak,
Georgii A. Molkov, Evgenii G. Sokolov, Miliausha G. Sharikhina | 31

,

.
,
. ,
,
. ,
XI., ,
.
, XI., ,
,
.
,
.
,
.46,
.
, . ,
,
, , ,
, ,
.
, ,
90- XI. [ 2015],
.
,
,
. ,
,

[1987]. , ,
, -
,
XI. 142 : .
XI., ,
,
. , ,
,
, ,
.
, XI.,

2015 1 Slovne
Language Innovations in Manuscripts Attributed to
32 | Cyprian the Metropolitan


, XI. . ,
. -/-

XIXII. *-
: , , , , ,
, [2009: 303304]. XI.

, .
, , ,
,
-/-.

, [ 1954:
513].
,
[2004: 97100].
,
. , ,
, ,
, ,
,
.
:
+ Acc.,
(Acc. Gen.).


[ 2009: 339340],
. +
inf.
,
+ .. [2009: 116, 156157],
.
-,

. ,
XI.
,
.
XI. , ,

Slovne 2015 1
Tatiana I. Afanasyeva, Viacheslav V. Kozak,
Georgii A. Molkov, Evgenii G. Sokolov, Miliausha G. Sharikhina | 33

,
.. [2001: 376382]
XIX.: ,
, .
,
XI.,
.
, ,
, ,
XI ,
.

.
.
. ,
, .
: , ,
,
, . . -,
.
2- .
.

. : ,
. . . -, ,
.

. ,
, 2- . + inf.
+ .

. ,
.
. , XI.,
. ,
,
XI.
.
, , ,
2-
.

2015 1 Slovne
Language Innovations in Manuscripts Attributed to
34 | Cyprian the Metropolitan

,
,
.
XI.
,
2 .
, XI . XI.
,
.
( ,
), , ,

(
).

. XI.
,
,
, .



.46
(.-), ..,
46, , XI., . [,
2010].
.48
(.-), ..,
48, , . XI., ; . [XI.: 527528].
231
. (), 231,
, . XI.
289
. (), 289,
, XI.
675
. (), 675,
, XI.

2
,
, ,
XI .,
, .

Slovne 2015 1
Tatiana I. Afanasyeva, Viacheslav V. Kozak,
Georgii A. Molkov, Evgenii G. Sokolov, Miliausha G. Sharikhina | 35
.601
(), , 601,
, XI.; . [, 1869: 1120].


, 2010
., .., .,
(XI ) =Das Corpus des Dionysios Areiopagites in der slavischen bersetzung von Starec Isaija
(14. Jahrhundert), Freiburg i.Br., 2010.
142
(),
(; .173.I), 142, , X.;
. - : http://old.stsl.ru/manuscripts/.
144
(),
(; .173.I), 144, , X.;
. - : http://old.stsl.ru/manuscripts/.
152
(),
(; .173.I), 152,
( ), 1387., ;
. - : http://old.stsl.ru/manuscripts/; .
[XI.: 541542]..

., ., . XI, , 1922.

.., .., .., .., .., .,
., -., . ., .
XI , 2, , 1989.

, . , ., .
, . ,
, 1892.
Migne1857
MigneJ.-P., ed., Patrologiae cursus completus. Series graeca prior, 3: S.Dionysius Areopagita,
Petit-Montrouge, 1857.
Migne1864
MigneJ.-P., ed., Patrologiae cursus completus. Series graeca prior, 88: Cosmas Indicopleustes et
all. Parisii, 1864.

2004
.., . ,
.-, 2004.
2015
..,
XIX., :
: ,
, , 2015 ( ).

2015 1 Slovne
Language Innovations in Manuscripts Attributed to
36 | Cyprian the Metropolitan

2001
.., . . .
, , .-, 2001.
, 1869
, ., ..,
, 3: , 1, , 1869.
1954
..,
, , 1954.
1989
., -
, : - , 6, , 1989, 130245.
, 1980
.., ..,
, :
. , , 2023 1976,
, 1980, 282292.
1987
.., X., : -
, , , , 1987, 410.
1971
., -
XI., : . , 1,
, 1971, 369402.
1991
., ,
=Palaeobulgarica, 15/3, 1991, 7090.
2009
..,
XIX.: (. [...] . . ,
, 2009).
2009
..,
XIIIXI.:
(. [...] - . , , 2009).
2009
.., .
, , 2009.
2009
.., , in: Bibel,
Liturgie und Frmmigkeit in der Slavia Byzantina. Festgabe fr Hans Rothe zum 80. Geburtstag,
Mnchen, Berlin, 2009, 297308.
1901
.., , : , 1:
, 3, , 1901.
2010
.., ,
, 2010.

Slovne 2015 1
Tatiana I. Afanasyeva, Viacheslav V. Kozak,
Georgii A. Molkov, Evgenii G. Sokolov, Miliausha G. Sharikhina | 37
1988
.., , : .., . .,
, 2: XIXI./ 1: ,
, 1988.
XI.
.., . ., - ,
, . XI., 1: ,
, 2002.
2005
..,
(. [...] . . , , 2005).
1982
..,
, : .., .., .-, .,
., , , 1982, 6093.

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2015 1 Slovne
Language Innovations in Manuscripts Attributed to
38 | Cyprian the Metropolitan

. , .

palaeoslavistica@gmail.com
,

pan_liwerij@mail.ru
,

justmilya@yandex.ru

.-
199034 .-, ., 11
/Russia

, ,
waclawk@mail.ru
, . .

georgiymolkov@gmail.com

199053 .-, ., 9
/Russia

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