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Windows Server 2008

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1: ..................................................... 4
1: ............................................... 5
2: ............................... 11
3: ................................ 17
4: .............................................................. 24
5: ........................................................................... 31
: .......................... 39
2 ...................................................................................................... 42
1: TCP/IP .............................................. 43
2: TCP/IP ............................................................... 49
3: ......................................................................... 55
4: IP ........................................... 62
5: TCP/IPv4 ......................................................................... 69
: TCP/IPv4 .......... 75
3: .......................................... 80
1: ................................................................ 81
2: ............................................................ 86
4: IPv4 ........................................................ 93
1: IP v4 ................................................. 94
2: .......................................................... 100
3: ............................................................. 105
: IPv4 ....................... 110
5: IPv6................................................................. 114
1: IPv6 .......................................................................... 115
2: (Unicast) IPv6 ........................ 123
3: IPv6 ........................................................................... 129
: IPv6 ..................................................... 135

Windows Server 2008

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.
16
Windows Server 2008.
Windows Server 2008

.
.

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Windows.
Windows
Server 2008.

:
.
.
TCP/IPv4: , .
IPv4.

Windows Server 2008


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1:

Windows Server 2008

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1:


Windows Server 2008.
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.
.

Windows Server 2008

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(OSI)
, .
OSI
, ,
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.
:
OSI
( Microsoft Word)?

Windows Server 2008

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OSI
.
OSI
. , OSI
.
: OSI?

Windows Server 2008

_____________________________________________________________________________

,
. .

.
:
Ethernet (802.3)
TCP/IP
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
: ?

Windows Server 2008


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.
,

.
:
TCP/IP

,
(IPX)
NetBIOS (NetBEUI)
(SMTP)


Ethernet
:
?

Windows Server 2008

10

_____________________________________________________________________________

. ,
Microsoft , .
:

IETF( ) RFC (
), ( TCP/IP)

W3C ( )
(HTML, HTTP)

IEEE ( )
Ethernet (802.3), Wi-Fi (802.11)

ITU ( ) H.323
( ), (V.92)
:
?

Windows Server 2008

11

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2:

.

.
,
.

Windows Server 2008


_____________________________________________________________________________

: ?

12

Windows Server 2008

13

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.
.
Ethernet 100.
-
.
.

,
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40 10 / Ethernet.

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:
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Windows Server 2008

14

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OSI, ,

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Windows Server 2008

15

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Windows Server 2008

16

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Windows Server 2008

17

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3:


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Windows Server 2008

18

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Windows Server 2008

19

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(WAN)
, , . , WAN
, . ,
T1 WAN 1,5
/, 100 /
.
: WAN ?

Windows Server 2008

20

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,
.
: .

Windows Server 2008


_____________________________________________________________________________

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21

Windows Server 2008

22

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Windows Server 2008

23

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Windows Server 2008

24

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4: (AD DS)

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Windows Server 2008

25

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Windows Server 2008


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26

Windows Server 2008

27

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Windows Server 2008

28

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Windows Server 2008

29

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: ?

Windows Server 2008


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30

Windows Server 2008

31

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5:

Windows Server 2008


.
.
Windows Server 2008,
.

Windows Server 2008

32

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Windows Server 2008
.
x86, x64 Itanium.

Windows Server 2008

33

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-
Windows Server 2008 .
,
, .
,
.

Windows Server 2008

34

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Windows

Windows Server 2008


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Windows
.

35

Windows Server 2008


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Active Directory .

36

Windows Server 2008


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37

Windows Server 2008

38

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Server Core Windows Server
2008.
.
.

Windows Server 2008


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VGTU .
20 , :
Microsoft Office



-

-

39

Windows Server 2008


_____________________________________________________________________________

1:
: ,

VGTU.
:




-,



VPN

2:
:
, .
:


WAN

40

Windows Server 2008

41

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1. ,
Windows Server 2008 ?
2. ?
3.
?
4. ?
5. OSI ?

Windows Server 2008


_____________________________________________________________________________

TCP/IPv4
.
Windows , TCP/IPv4
.

42

Windows Server 2008


_____________________________________________________________________________

1: TCP/IP

, TCP / IP
, ,
. ,
.

43

Windows Server 2008

44

_____________________________________________________________________________


TCP / IP
. TCP / IP,
,
TCP / IP.
: TCP/IP?

Windows Server 2008

45

_____________________________________________________________________________


OSI , ,
. TCP / IP
.
: ,
TCP/IP OSI?

Windows Server 2008


_____________________________________________________________________________


TCP / IP
TCP UDP.
: TCP
UDP?

46

Windows Server 2008

47

_____________________________________________________________________________

.

.
:

Windows Server 2008

48

_____________________________________________________________________________


TCP / IP ,
(RFC).
: RFC?

Windows Server 2008

49

_____________________________________________________________________________

2: TCP/IP

IP-
. IP-
:
.

Windows Server 2008

50

_____________________________________________________________________________

.
IP ,
. IP .
ARP IP MAC . (MAC)
.
: IPv4?

Windows Server 2008

51

_____________________________________________________________________________

.
IP ,
. , IP
.
: IP 172.31.99.220
255.255.0.0, ?

Windows Server 2008

52

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- , ,
TCP / IP (Internetwork) IP
. (Internetwork) ,
.
: ,
?

Windows Server 2008


_____________________________________________________________________________


(DNS) ,
IP .

53

Windows Server 2008

54

_____________________________________________________________________________

: IP
?

Windows Server 2008

55

_____________________________________________________________________________

3:


, ,
, IP .
IP . ,
IP .

Windows Server 2008


_____________________________________________________________________________


,
.
Windows
Windows Sockets, Winsock Kernel NetBIOS.
: NetBIOS?

56

Windows Server 2008


_____________________________________________________________________________


DNS,
DNS-.
:
?

57

Windows Server 2008


_____________________________________________________________________________


DNS ,
DNS , .
: ?

58

Windows Server 2008

59

_____________________________________________________________________________


Windows Sockets, ,
TCP/IP DNS DNS
.

Windows Server 2008

60

_____________________________________________________________________________

:
DNS?

Windows Server 2008


_____________________________________________________________________________


WINS NetBIOS,
NetBIOS IP .
: WINS ?

61

Windows Server 2008

62

_____________________________________________________________________________

4: IP


, ,
IP . ,
.
IP-.
.

Windows Server 2008

63

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DHCP - ,
IP
. DHCP IP-
.
: ,
, DHCP?

Windows Server 2008

64

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IP
,
IP-.
: IP ,
, ?

Windows Server 2008

65

_____________________________________________________________________________


Windows Server 2008 DHCP ,
IP .
: DHCP ,
, DNS-?

Windows Server 2008


_____________________________________________________________________________



IPv4 , DHCP .
: ?

66

Windows Server 2008

67

_____________________________________________________________________________


APIPA IPv4- 169.254.0.0,
DHCP,
.
: APIPA
?

Windows Server 2008


_____________________________________________________________________________

: APIPA,
?

68

Windows Server 2008


_____________________________________________________________________________

5: TCP/IPv4

Windows Server 2008


IPv4.
: Ipconfig, NETSTAT NBTSTAT Netsh.

IPv4 Windows Server 2008.

69

Windows Server 2008

70

_____________________________________________________________________________


IPConfig IPv4
IPv6, DNS.
:
IPConfig?

Windows Server 2008

71

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NETStat
,
TCP/IP.
: NetStat?

Windows Server 2008


_____________________________________________________________________________


NBTSTAT - ,
NetBIOS .
NetBIOS
.
:
?

72

Windows Server 2008

73

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Netsh - ,
.
.
: Netsh Windows Server 2008
Server Core?

Windows Server 2008


_____________________________________________________________________________

: TCP/IPv4?

74

Windows Server 2008

75

_____________________________________________________________________________

:
TCP/IPv4

VGTU.
,
. ,
,
.

Windows Server 2008

76

_____________________________________________________________________________

1: IP-
,
IP-.

IP .
1:
1. VRN - DC1.
2. VRN - CL1.
3. VRN - WEB.
4. VRN - DC1 Pa$$w0rd.
5. VRN - CL1 Pa$$w0rd.
6. VRN - WEB Pa$$w0rd.
2: DHCP
1. VRN - DC1 Pa$$w0rd.
2. DHCP.
3. .
4. :


3: IP
1. VRN - CL1 Pa$$w0rd.
2. .
3.
4.
5. 4 (TCP / IP 4).
6. :
IP-
DNS-
4:
1. VRN-CL1, .
2. IPCONFIG/ALL IP .
3. Ping :
IP- : 10.10.0.10
4. , VRN-DC1 .

Windows Server 2008

77

_____________________________________________________________________________

2: IP-
,
IP .
.
IP
.
1: IP
1. VRN-CL1,
.
2. 4 (TCP / IP 4).
3. IP , :
IP-: 10.10.0.50
: 255.255.255.0
10.10.0.1
DNS-: 10.10.0.10
2:
1. VRN-CL1, .
2. IPCONFIG/ALL IP .
3. Ping :
IP- : 10.10.0.10
4. , VRN-DC1 .

Windows Server 2008


_____________________________________________________________________________

3: DNS
-
VGTU.
FQDN finance.vgtu.msft ,
DNS IP- 10.10.0.10.
1: DNS
1. VRN-CL1, .
2. Ping :
: finance.vgtu.msft
.
3. Ping :
Server IP Address: 10.10.0.10
.
2: DNS-
1. VRN-DC1, DNS.
2. vgtu.msft.
finance.vgtu.msft .
3. finance. vgtu.msft:
: finance
IP-: 10.10.0.10
3: DNS
1. NYC-CL1, .
2. Ping .
: finance. vgtu.msft
.
3. .
4. IPConfig DNS:
IPCONFIG/FLUSHDNS
5. Ping :
: finance. vgtu.msft
.
6. Nslookup :
Nslookup finance. vgtu.msft
IP 10.10.0.10

78

Windows Server 2008

79

_____________________________________________________________________________


1. TCP
80, UDP- 80?
2. TCP/IP , IP
?
3. Hosts ?
4. TCP/IP
TCP/IP?
5.
DHCP?

Windows Server 2008

80

_____________________________________________________________________________

3:

,
.

Windows Server 2008

Windows Server 2008

81

_____________________________________________________________________________

1:

,
.
.

Windows Server 2008

82

_____________________________________________________________________________


,
. ,
.
.
: - ?

Windows Server 2008

83

_____________________________________________________________________________


,
, .

. -.
:
?

Windows Server 2008

84

_____________________________________________________________________________


,
.
,
, .
. Windows Server 2008
Microsoft Windows Media Services .
:
?

WORD

Windows Server 2008

85

_____________________________________________________________________________

: ,
?

Windows Server 2008

86

_____________________________________________________________________________

2:


.
.

Windows Server 2008

87

_____________________________________________________________________________



.
.
:
?

Windows Server 2008

88

_____________________________________________________________________________



. IP-
IP
.

IP-

, ,
IP-.
: ,
255.255.255.255 ?

Windows Server 2008

89

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IP- .
:

DHCP

Windows Server 2008

90

_____________________________________________________________________________



. ,
.

.
:
?

Windows Server 2008

91

_____________________________________________________________________________



. ,
,
.
: -
Windows Media ?

Windows Server 2008

92

_____________________________________________________________________________

:
?

Windows Server 2008

93

_____________________________________________________________________________

4: IPv4


IPv4,
.
, IPv4
,
.

Windows Server 2008

94

_____________________________________________________________________________

1: IP v4

IPv4 ,
, .

.
IP IPv4,

IPv4.

Windows Server 2008

95

_____________________________________________________________________________


IP- .
- (ISP). -
.
.
: IPv4?

Windows Server 2008

96

_____________________________________________________________________________


ARP
. ARP IP- MAC . ARP
ARP.
: ARP ARP?

Windows Server 2008

97

_____________________________________________________________________________



.
IP- MAC- .
:
?

Windows Server 2008

98

_____________________________________________________________________________


.
.
,
.
:
?

Windows Server 2008

99

_____________________________________________________________________________

: ping
ARP.

Windows Server 2008

100

_____________________________________________________________________________

2:

255
0. ,
.
,
.

Windows Server 2008

101

_____________________________________________________________________________


IP-,
,
. , ,
IP-. , ,
IP-.
: IP?

Windows Server 2008

102

_____________________________________________________________________________


,
.
A, B C,
. .
:
?

Windows Server 2008

103

_____________________________________________________________________________


,
,
.
.
:
?

Windows Server 2008

104

_____________________________________________________________________________


IP- ,
, IP-
. , IP-
, , IP-.
:
?

Windows Server 2008

105

_____________________________________________________________________________

3:

, ,
,
. ,
, .
,
.

Windows Server 2008

106

_____________________________________________________________________________


IP-
, ,
.
.
: B?

Windows Server 2008

107

_____________________________________________________________________________


,
.
2n-2, n . n
2n-2,
.
: ,
, ?

Windows Server 2008

108

_____________________________________________________________________________



.
.
.

:
?

Windows Server 2008

109

_____________________________________________________________________________

,
. 172.30.0.0
, 3000 .

Windows Server 2008

110

_____________________________________________________________________________

: IPv4

,
IPv4.
.

Windows Server 2008

111

_____________________________________________________________________________

1: .

, B (172.23.0.0).
IP-
,
.
.
.

10101100.00010111.00000000.00000000 172.23.0.0

11111111.11111111.00000000.00000000 255.255.0.0

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Windows Server 2008

112

_____________________________________________________________________________

2:
.

(supernetting). ,

.
,
.

11000000.10101000.11001100.00000000

192.168.204.0

11000000.10101000.11001100.00000000

192.168.205.0

11000000.10101000.11001100.00000000

192.168.206.0

11000000.10101000.11001100.00000000

192.168.207.0

11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000

255.255.255.0

11000000.10101000.11001100.00000000

192.168.204.0

11111111.11111111.11111100.00000000

255.255.252.0

Windows Server 2008

113

_____________________________________________________________________________


1. ?
2. IP ,
IP- ?
3. ,
, ?

Windows Server 2008

114

_____________________________________________________________________________

5: IPv6

IPv6 - TCP/IP.

. Windows Server 2008
IPv6 .

Windows Server 2008


_____________________________________________________________________________

1: IPv6

IPv6
IPv4. IPv6

.

115

Windows Server 2008

116

_____________________________________________________________________________


IPv4 1981
RFC 791 .
,
.
: IPv4 ?

Windows Server 2008

117

_____________________________________________________________________________


IPv6, IP-Next Generation (IPng),
IPv4.
:
?

Windows Server 2008


_____________________________________________________________________________

: IPv6?

118

Windows Server 2008

119

_____________________________________________________________________________


IPv6 128 , 32 IPv4.
IPv4.
, IPv6
.
.
: 64
?

Windows Server 2008

120

_____________________________________________________________________________


IPv6
, IPv4.

IPv6


.
.
:
?

Windows Server 2008

121

_____________________________________________________________________________


IPv6 IPv4,
.

Windows Server 2008

122

_____________________________________________________________________________


(ND)
IPv6 ICMPv6,
(
). ARP
ICMPv4 ( (Router
Discovery) (Redirect messages))
.
: ND

ARP?

Windows Server 2008

123

_____________________________________________________________________________

2: (Unicast) IPv6

IPv4

. IPv6 ,
, .
, ,
.

Windows Server 2008

124

_____________________________________________________________________________


64 IPv6 .
IPv4. IPv6
,
IPv6, MAC ,
.
:

Windows Server 2008

125

_____________________________________________________________________________



IPv4.
, IPv6.
IPv4
, ,
IPv6
.
: ?

Windows Server 2008

126

_____________________________________________________________________________



(, IPv6 ).

IPv6

APIPA
(169.254.0.0/16) IPv4, RFC 3927.
:
IPv6?

Windows Server 2008

127

_____________________________________________________________________________


(Unique Local)
IPv4 , 10.0.0.0/8.
fd00::/8 (
). 40
.
:
(Unique Local),
(Global Unicast).

Windows Server 2008

128

_____________________________________________________________________________


IPv6 ,
:
(0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0 ::).
IPv4- 0.0.0.0.
, .
,
, .
(0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 ::1).
IPv4- 127.0.0.1.
IPv6.
: -
:: ?

Windows Server 2008

129

_____________________________________________________________________________

3: IPv6

IPv6 IPv6. .
, .
DHCPv6 , IPv6
.

Windows Server 2008

130

_____________________________________________________________________________


IPv6
.
:
?

Windows Server 2008

131

_____________________________________________________________________________

: IPv6 , IPv4 ,
?

Windows Server 2008

132

_____________________________________________________________________________


-
IPv6.
(Stateful) (Stateless). (Stateful)
DHCPv6.
(Stateless)

(router advertisements).
: IPv6
?

Windows Server 2008

133

_____________________________________________________________________________



,
.
.
, .
: ?

Windows Server 2008

134

_____________________________________________________________________________


DHCPv6 - , (Stateful)
IPv6.
IPv6, IPv6- ,
DNS. DHCPv6 DHCPv4 IPv4.
: DHCPv6
?

Windows Server 2008

135

_____________________________________________________________________________

: IPv6

10
100 . IPv6
.

Windows Server 2008

136

_____________________________________________________________________________

1: IPv6
, IPv6
(Unique Local).
10 .
.
1: IPv6
.
1. (Unique
Local):

8



2. 40- :
4
10 ,
,
3. :

16- ,
.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Windows Server 2008

137

_____________________________________________________________________________

2: IPv6-

. DNS
IPv6, ,
. DNS
::5 ::1.
1:
1. VRN - DC1.
2. VRN - DC1 Pa$$w0rd.
2: IPv6-
1. VRN - DC1 Pa$$w0rd.
2. .
3. IPCONFIG/ALL .
4. :
(Link-Local) IPv6: ___________________

Windows Server 2008

138

_____________________________________________________________________________

3: IPv6
1. VRN-DC1, .
2. Internet Protocol Version 6 (TCP/IPv6), :
IPv6 : FD55: 5555:5555:1::5
: 64
: FD55: 5555:5555:1::1
DNS-:::1
4: IPv6
1. VRN-DC1, .
2. IPCONFIG/ALL .
3. Ping IPv6.
5:
1. , ,
Action Close.
2. Tunrn off and delete changes,
.

Windows Server 2008

139

_____________________________________________________________________________


1. IPv4 IPv6?
2. IPv6,
IPv4?
3. ?