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, 2000.

41, 4

517.512


. . , . . , . .
: . E, F - , [E, F ]
kk = kkE,F . [Lp , Lq ] . . 9.

1. [0, 1] 00 (t) 1,
n/2
(k 1)2n < t < (k 1/2)2n ,

2 ,
kn (t) = 2n/2 , (k 1/2)2n < t < k2n ,

0
t [0, 1],
1 k 2n , n = 0, 1, . . . . (n, k),
, .
. m = 2n + k
.
= (1 , 2 , . . . ) ,
:
X
 X
cn n =

n cn n .
n1

n1

[1, 2.c.5]
kxkLp cp kxkLp
x Lp , 1 < p < |n | 1 n = 1, 2, . . . .
cp = max(p, p0 ) 1, 1/p + 1/p0 = 1, . [2].
[36] .
.
Lp Lq Lp,q .
2. . E [0, 1] -
(r.i.) ,
1) |x(t)| |y(t)| y E x E kxkE kykE ;
2) x(t) y(t) y E x E kxkE = kykE .
, E .
e (t) e [0, 1]. r.i. E ke kE
e, E (s) [0, 1],
ke kE = E (s),
c 2000 . ., . ., . .

759

s = mes e . E (t)
E.
> 0
 t
x( ), 0 t min(, 1),
x(t) =
0,
min(, 1) < t 1,
r.i. E k kE max(1, ).
E = lim

ln k kE
,
ln

E = lim

ln k kE
ln

E. 0 E E 1.
k(0,1) kE = 1.
E r.i. , E 0
[0, 1] ,
Z1
x(t)y(t) dt < .

kxkE 0 = sup
kykE 1

, E 0 r.i. . E , E 0
E . E
, E E 00 .
Lp,q r.i. .
1 < p < , 1 q , Lp,q
,
1
1/q
Z
q
dt
kxkLp,q =
(x (t)t1/p )q
< ,
p
t
0

x (t) |x(t)| . q > p,


k kLp,q , . 1 q < r ,
Lp,q Lp,r , . , Lp,p Lp .
. r.i. E , E.
Sn x n x L1 .
kSn xk kxkE
(1)
r.i. E, x E, n. x, y, xy L1 ,

Z1
Z1
x(t)y(t) dt = lim
x(t)Sn y(t) dt.
(2)
n

(1) ,
r.i. .
E, , 0 < E E < 1.
{n } {n } 1c n n cn c > 0 n = 1, 2, . . . ,
{n } {n }.

760

. . , . . , . .

r.i. [1, 5],


[1, 68].
3. x, y ,
Z1

Z1
x(t)y(t) dt =

x(t)y(t) dt.

(3)

. E, F r.i. E F , = F E .
, kkE,F = kkF ,E . .
E F , F 0 E 0
kkE,F = kkF 0 ,E 0 .

(4)

, (2)
Z1
kkE,F =

sup

Z1
x(t)y(t) dt =

kxkE 1
kyk 0 1
F

sup

lim

kxkE 1
kyk 0 1
F

x(t)Sn y(t) dt

n
0

Z1
=

sup
kxkE 1
kyk 0 1
F

lim

Z1
Sn x(t)Sn y(t) dt =

sup

x(t)y(t) dt,

kxkE 1
kyk 0 1, x,yP
F

(5)

Sn P
. ,
Z1

Z1
kkF 0 ,E 0 =

x(t)y(t) dt =

sup
kxk 00 1
E
kyk 0 1, x,yP
F

x(t)y(t) dt.

sup
kyk

kxkE 1
1,x,yP
F0

(3) (4). (5) ,


kkE,F = kkE0 ,F

(6)

r.i. E 6= L , E0 P E.
r.i. (E, F ) [E, F ]
kk[E,F ] = kkE,F = sup kxkF .
kxkE 1

, [L2 , L2 ] ` .
1. 1 < p < q < .
Lp Lq , Lp,r Lq,r 1 r . ,
Lp Lq,p .
. =

1
p

1q . [3] [6, 12.1]

kkLp ,Lq sup |n,k |2n .


n,k

(7)

761

p, q. 1r 1s = , 1 <
r < s < , Lr Ls . , r (1, 1/)
Lr Ls , 1s = 1r .
(Lr , Ls ), 1 < r < 1 , 2.6.1
[5]. r.i. E r.i.
E ,
kxkE = kx (t)t kE ,
< E E < 1. , Lp,r (Lp,r ) . [5,
2.6.15] (Lp,r ) Lq,r .
r = p, , Lp Lq,p . 
r.i. (E, F ), , r.i.
F1 F , F1 6= F , [E, F ] [E, F1 ] . [E, F1 ] [E, F ], (E, F ) ,
.
.
Q = {x}, kkE,F 1, kxkE 1. ,
F . (E, F ) r.i.
, (E, F ) Q (E, F ) r.i. . (E, F )
(E, F ) = F .
2. 1 < p, q < . (Lp , Lq )
, , p q.
. p < q, Lq,p Lq ,
[1, 2.b.9]. 1 , [Lp , Lq ] [Lp , Lq,p ].
[Lp , Lq ] [Lp , Lq,p ] . , [Lp , Lq ]
[Lp , Lq,p ] . , (7)
kk[Lp ,Lq ] kk[Lp ,Lq,p ] sup |n,k |2n( p q ) .
1

(n,k)

.
(Lp , Lp ) .
, q < p.
y(t) =

yn (2n ,2n+1 ) (t),

(8)

ynq 2n = 1.

(9)

n=1

0 y1 y2 . . .

X
n=1


x(t) =

ynq/p 2n (t)

n=1


(
n,k =

1
r

1
q

q/r

yn , k = 2,
0,

k 6= 2,

p1 . , x Lp kxkLp = 1.
(t) = sup |n,k 2n/2 kn (t)| = y q/r (t)
n,k

(10)

762

. . , . . , . .

Lr , kkLr = 1. [6, 12.2] ,


(10), Lp Lq .

X
X


q/r q/p n/2 2
|x(t)| =
yn y n 2
n (t) =
yn |2n/2 2n (t)| = y(t).


n=1

n=1

, Lq (8) kykLq = 1
x Lp , Lp Lq , x = y.
z Lq

u(t) =

z (2n )(2n ,2n+1 ) (t).

n=1

u(t) (8),
u(t) z (t) 1/2 u.

(11)

kukLq kzkLq 21/q kukLq . ,


z Lq x Lp , Lp
Lq , , x = y. 
2 (Lp , Lq )
, (Lp , Lq ) .
3. 1 < p < q < ,
(Lp , Lq ) = Lq,p .
. (Lp , Lq ) Lq,p
1. . y Lq,p .
,
Z1
1
dt
(12)
(y (t)t q )p < .
t
0

, x(t) = y (t)t
Lp . , =

X
x (2n )(2n ,2n+1 ) (t)

1
p

1q . (12)

n=1

Lp . ,
v(t) =

y (2n )2n 2n/2 2n (t)

n=1

Lp .
,
 n
2
, k = 2,
n,k =
0,
k 6= 2.
1 [6, 12.1 ] Lp Lq,p .

X
X


n n n n/2 2
2
y (2 )2 2
n (t) =
y (2n )(2n ,2n+1 ) (t) y (t),
|v(t)| =


n=1

y (Lp , Lq ). 

n=1

763

1. 1 < p < q < , 1 r .


kk[Lp ,Lq,r ] sup |n,k |2n(1/p1/q) ,
n,k

, r p.
.
kkn kLq,r
= sup |n,k |2n(1/p1/q)
k
(n,k) kn kLp
(n,k)

kk[Lp ,Lq,r ] sup

r [1, ].
Lq,r Lq,p , [Lp , Lq,r ] [Lp , Lq,p ]. 1

kk[Lp ,Lq,r ] c1 kk[Lp .Lq,p ] c2 sup |n,k |2n(1/p1/q)


(n,k)

r p.
r < p, c3 > 0
kk[Lp ,Lq,r ] c3 sup |n,k |2n(1/p1/q) ,
(n,k)

, (Lp , Lq ) Lq,r . 3 Lq,p Lq,r .


. 
, [5, 2.6.6], . 2 3 ,
.
, [6, . 12] [Lp , Lq ].
[E, F ], E, F r.i. , .
.
Lp, Lp,1 kkp .
, n,k k,
n,k = n .

(13)

4. 1 < p < , (13) |0 |


|1 | . . . . Lp, Lp,1 ,
`1 . ,
kkp kk`1 .
p.
.
xm (t) =

m
X

2n/p 2n/2 2n (t)

n=1

Lp, , |xm (t)| 21/p t1/p t1/p Lp, ,


p
.
kt1/p kLp, = p1
m

m
X
X


|xm (t)| =
n 2n/p 2n/2 2n (t) =
n 2n/p (2n ,2n+1 ) (t).


n=1

n=1

764

. . , . . , . .

[9] cp > 0,
kxm kLp,1 cp

m
X

kn 2n/p (2n ,2n+1 ) kLp,1 cp

n=1

m
X

|m |.

n=1

kkp cp

m
X


|n |

n=1

p
p1

1

cp (p 1) X
kkp
|n |.
p
n=1

m , m = (0 , 1 , . . . , m , 0, 0, . . . ),
m . (2)
kkE,F = sup km kE,F
m1

r.i. E, F . ,
kkp = sup km kp .

(14)

[1, 2.c.6],
Lp,1 Lp, . , 0 1 0

n = 1.

n=0

m . Qm = (0 , 1 , . . . ), k = 0
k > m.


1
Qm = conv
(1, 1, . . . , 1, 0, . . . , 0), 0 j m
j + 1 | {z }
j+1

sup kkp = max kMj kp ,


Qm

j =

1
1, . . . , 1, 0, 0, . . . , 0)
j+1 (1,
| {z }

0jm

(15)

Mj ,

j+1

1
j . , kMj kp j+1
kS2j+1 kLp, ,Lp,1 ,
j+1
S2j+1 2 .
x Lp, , kxkLp, 1. Sn
r.i. E [1, 2.c.1], y = S2j+1
2j+1 kykLp, 1. [5, 2.5.3] y (t) t1/p
t (0, 1]. y (t) (0, 2j1 ).
,
y (t) min(2(j+1)/p , t1/p ).

765

kykLp,1

1
=
p

Z1

y (t)t

1/p1

1
dt
p

j1
2Z

j+1
p

1/p1

1
dt +
p

Z1

dt
t

2j1

=2

j+1
p

j+1
p

ln 2
1
(j + 1)
+ ln 2j+1 = 1 +
p
p

1
ln 2
+
2.
j+1
p
, kkp 2 Qm .
(14), (15)
kkp 2Cp kk`1
kMj kp

`1 , |k | 0, Cp
L0p, .
Lp, Lp,1 p.
4
2. (13) |0 | |1 | . . . .
Lp, Lp,1 p (1, ),
Lp, Lp,1 p (1, ).
|k | 4 .
, Tn ,
en = (0, 0, . . . , 0, 1 , 0, . . . ),
n

n 0. , ken k`1 = 1.
2n  n 1/p
X
2
n
xn (t) = 2 2
kn (t)
k
k=1

:
1) Tn xn = xn ;
2) (2t)1/p xn (t) t [2n , 1];
3) xn (t) t1/p t (0, 1].
2 3,
kxn kLp,1

1
=
p

Z1

1
xn (t)t p 1

1
dt
p

Z1

1/p 1/p1

(2t)

21/p
dt =
p

kxn kLp, kt1/p kLp, =

dt
21/p ln 2
=
n
t
p

2n

Z1

p
.
p1

kxn kLp,1
(p 1) ln 2

n,
(16)
kxn kLp,
21/p p2
.
, (16) :
cp > 0,
kTn kp cp n
kTn kp

n.

766

. . , . . , . .

1. Lindenstrauss L., Tzafriri L. Classical Banach spaces. Functional spaces. Berlin: Springer
Verl., 1979.
2. Burkholder D. L. A nonlinear partial differential equation and unconditional constant of the
Haar system in Lp // Bull. Amer. Math. Soc.. 1982. N 7. P. 591595.

3. Yano S. On a lemma of Marcinkiewicz and its applications to Fourier series // Tohoku


Math.
J.. 1959. N 11. P. 191215.
4. . . p // . . 1978. . 5,
23. . 685695.
5. . ., . . . . . .:
, 1978.
6. Novikov I., Semenov E. Haar series and linear operators. Dordrecht: Kluwer Acad. Publ.,
1997.
7. . . // . .: ,
1971. . 109146. ( ).
8. . ., . . . .: , 1984.
9. . . // . . .. 1983. . 24, 2. . 193196.
14 1999 .
-, ;
.
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