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dxi

f i ( x1 ,..., xd ),
1 i d
dt
,
(1)
fi
d

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x(0) ( x1 (0),..., xd (0))
,

(1)

x(t ) ( x1 (t ),..., xd (t ))

xi(0) x1 (0) xi (0)

t , t

,
.
x(0) ( x1(0),..., xd (0))

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x(0) ( x1 (0),..., xd (0))

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x(t )
x (t )


x(t ) x(t ) O(1)

x(t ) x (t )

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t
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x(0) 0
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t ln x (0)



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x(t ) e t x(0)
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x(0)

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t

x (0)

( ).

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( ).
x(0)
R d R1 ( x(0) E (u ) ( x(0)) E ( s ) ( x (0)))

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R1 ( x(0)
-

f ( x(0)) ( f1 ( x(0)),..., f d ( x(0)))

,
E (u )

E (s)

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.
x(0)
. (1) ,
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.
dim E ( u ) ( x(0)) k dim E (s) ( x(0)) l
x(0) C 1

,

. ( u ) ( x)

x x(0)

dim ( u ) ( x) k

(u ) ( x)
,

( u ) ( x) y : dist( x(t ), y(t )) 0, t


. ,

(s) ( x)

E (u ) ( x)

C1

( s ) ( x)

-
dim (s) ( x ) l

x x(0)

,
E ( s ) ( x)

( s ) ( x ) y : dist( x(t ), y (t )) 0, t
.

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.

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( x(0))d ( x(0)) ( x(t ))d ( x(0))
.

( ),
d ( x ) p( x )dx1 ... dxd
.
3.