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11
: .
10-11 . . /
.. , .. , ..
.;
. .. , 12- .
.: , 2002 .

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III.
7.
26.
326. ) F(x) = x5 f(x) = 5x4 R;
) F(x) = x-3 f(x) = -3x-4 (0;);
1
7

) F(x) = x7 f(x) = x6 R;
) F(x) =

1 -6
x f(x) = x-7 (0;).
6

327. ) F(x) = cosx cosx, F(x) = 3 sinx R;


) F(x) = (5 x4) = 4x3 xR,
F(x) = 5 x4 f(x) = -4x3 R;
) F(x) = (cosx 4) = -sinx xR,
F(x) = cosx 4 f(x) = -sinx R;
) F(x) = (x-2 + 2) =

2
x3

x(0;),

F(x) = x2 + 2 f(x) =

1
2 x3

(0;).

328. ) F(x) = 3,5x + 10, .. F(x) = f(x) xR;


) F(x) = sinx + 3, .. F(x) = f(x) xR;
) F(x) = x2 + 2, .. F(x) = f(x) xR;
) F(x) = 8, .. F(x) = f(x) xR.
329. ) F(x) = cosx + 4, .. F`(x) = f(x) xR;
1
2

StudyPort.ru
) F(x) = 3 x2, .. F(x) = f(x) xR;

) F(x) = 4(5 x), .. F(x) = f(x) xR;


) F(x) = 1 sinx, .. F(x) = f(x) xR.
330. ) F(x) = (sin2x) = 2sinxcosx = sin2x xR,
1
2

1
2

) F(x) = (cos2x) = (-2)sin2x = -sin2x xR,


) F(x) = (sin3x) = 3cos3x xR;

x
2

) F(x) = 3 + tg =

1
2 cos 2

x
2

x
2

x(-;).
1
2

331. ) F(x) = 2 x + cos = 2 sin

x
= f ( x ) xR;
2

4 x2

) F(x) = 4 x 2 =

= f ( x) x(-2;2);

2
1
= 3 x(0;);

2
x
x

3 1
2
) F(x) = 4 x x = 4 x = 4 x 2 = 6 x = f ( x) x(0;).
2

) F(x) =

( )

332. ) F(x) = 1 x2 + 2x + 8, .. F(x) = f(x) xR;


2

x
2

x
2

) F(x) = x + cos x + 2, .. f(x) = sin cos = 1 sin x R

F(x)=1 sinx xR;


) F(x) = x 12, .. f(x) = sin2x + cos2x = 1 R F(x) = f(x) xR;
) F(x) = x3 + x = 5, .. F(x) = f(x) xR.
333. ) F1(x)=x2+7 F2(x)=x2+13 f(x)=2x R;
) F1(x) = x + cosx + 12 F2(x) = x + cosx 1
f(x) = 1 sinx R;
1
3

1
3

) F1(x) = x3 +3 F2(x) = x3 + 4 f(x)=x2 R;


) F1(x) = sinx + 2x + 2 F2(x) = sinx + 2x 7
f(x) = cosx + 2 R.

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334. ) g(x) =
f(x) =

) f(x) =

x3

1
1
f(x) = 2 (-;0) (0;),
x
x

= h(x);

x2
cosx h(x) = x + sinx R,
2

h(x) = 1 + cosx = g(x);


) h(x) =

x2
+ 2 x g(x)=x + 2 R, g(x)=1=f(x);
2

) g(x) = 3x + 2cosx f(x) = 3 2sinx R,


f(x) = 2cosx = h(x).

27.
335. a) f(x) = 2 x4;

) f(x) = x + cosx;

1
F(x) = 2x x 5 + C ;
5

F(x) = x 2 + sin x + C ;

1
2

) f(x) = 4x; F(x) = 2x2 + C;

) f(x) = -3; F(x) = -3x + C.

1
336. ) f(x) = x6; F(x) = x7 + C ; ) f(x) =

) f(x)=1

337. ) f(x) =
F(x) =
) f(x) =

F(x)=x +
1
x2

7
1

3x

, F(x) =

1
x

2 ; F(x) =

+ C ; ) f(x) = x ; F(x) =

1
2x2

2x + C ;

1 6
x +C .
6

1
1
+ C; F = 2 + C = 12, C = 10;
x
2

1
10 ;
x

1
cos 2 x

, F ( x) = tgx + C ; F = 1 + C = 0, C = 1; F(x) = tgx 1;


4

1
3
x4
1
3
+ C ; F (1) = + C = 2, C = 1 ; F( x ) = x 4 + 1 ;
4
4
4
4
4

) f(x) = x3, F(x) =

) f(x) = sinx, F(x) = -cosx + C; F(-) = 1 + C, C = -2;


F(x) = -cos-2 f(x) = sinx; F(-) = -1.
338. ) F(x) = (sinx) - (xcosx) = cosx cosx + xsinx = f(x);
F(x) = sinx xcosx + C ;

) F(x) = x 2 + 1 =

) ( )
1

1 2
x + 1 2 x2 =
2

x
2

x +1

= f ( x);

StudyPort.ru
F(x) = x 2 + 1 + C ;
) F(x) = (cosx) + (xsinx) = -sinx + sinx + xcosx = xcosx = f(x);
F(x) = cosx + xsinx + C ;

1
x

) F(x) = x = 1 +

x2

1 + x2
x2

= f ( x);

1
+ C - .
x

339. ) f(x) = 2cosx, F(x) = 2sinx + C; F = 2 + C = 1, C = 3;
2
F ( x) = x

F(x) = 2sinx + 3 ;
) f(x) = 1 x2, F(x) = x

F(x) = x
4

1 3
x +3
3

1 3
x + C;
3

F(-3) = 3 + 9+=6 + C = 9, C = 3;

2
= cos + C = 1 + C = 1, C = 2;
3

) f(x)=sin x + , F(x) = cos x + + C; F

F(x) = -cos x + 2 ;
3

) f(x) =

x
1

F(x) =

3x

, F ( x) =
+5

8
2
1
+ C ; F = + C = 3, C = 5 ;
3
3
3x
2
1

2
.
3

340. ) f(x) = 2 sinx, F1(x) = 2x + cosx F2(x) = 2x + cosx + C;


F2(x) F1(x) = C = 4; F1(x) = 2x + cosx F2(x) = 2x + cosx + 4
;
) f(x)=1+tg2x =

1
cos 2 x

, F1 ( x) = tgx + C F2 ( x) = tgx; F1(x)F2(x)=C=1;

F1(x) = tgx + 1 F2 = tgx ;


x
x
cos 2 = cos x, F1 ( x ) = sin x F2(x) = -sinx + C;
2
2
1
F2(x) F1(x) = C = ;
2

) f(x) = sin 2

F1(x) = -sinx F2(x) = -sinx + 0,5 ;


1

) f(x) =

F1(x) = 2

, F1 ( x) = 2 x F2 ( x ) = 2 x + C ; F2(x) F1(x) = C = 2;

F2 ( x) = 2 x + 2 .

341. ) a(t) = -2t, v(t) = -t2 + C1, x(t) =

t3
+ C1t + C2 ;
3

StudyPort.ru
v(1) = -1 + C1 = 2, C1 = 3; x(t) =
1
3

1
3

t3
+ 3t + C2 ,
3

x(1) = + 3 + C2 = 4, C2 = 1 ; x(t) =

t3
4
+ 3t + ;
3
3

) a(t) = sint, v(t) = -cost + C1, x(t) = -sint + C1t + C2; v = C1 = 1;

x(t) = -sint + t+C2, x = 1 +

+ C2 = 2, C2 = 3 ; x(t)=sint+t+3 ;
2
2
2

) a(t) = 6t, v(t) = 3t2 + C1, x(t) = t3 + C1t + C2; v(0) = C1 = 1;


x(t) = t3 + t + C2, x(0) = C2 = 3; x(t) = t3 + t + 3;
) a(t) = cost, v(t) = sint + C1, x(t) = -cost + C1t + C2; v() = C1 = 0;
x(t) = -cost + C2, x() = 1 + C2 = 1, C2 = 0; x(t) = -cost.
5

28.
342. ) f(x) = 2 x3 +

1
x3

x4
1

+ C f(x);
4 2 x2
2
) f(x) = x 5 + cos x;
x

F(x) = 2x

x2
1
+
+ sin x + C f(x);
2 2x4
1
) f(x) = 2 sin x;
x
1
F(x) = + cos x + C f(x);
x

F(x) =

) f(x) = 5x2 1;
5
3

F(x) = x3 x + C f(x).
1 1
6 2

343. ) f(x) = (2x 3)5; F(x) = (2 x 3)6 + C =

1
(2 x 3)6 + C 12

f(x);
1
2

) f(x) = 3sin2x; F(x) = (3) cos 2x + C = 1,5 cos 2x + C


f(x);
1 1
5 8

) f(x) = (4 5x)7; F(x) = (4 5x)8 + C =

1
(4 5x)8 + C
40

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f(x);
1
3

x
3

1
3

x
3

x
3

) f(x) = cos ; F(x) = 3 sin + C = sin + C

f(x).
344. ) f(x) =

( 4 15 x)

; F(x) =

1
1
1
+C =

+C
3

15 (4 15x)
15(4 15x)3

f(x);
) f(x) =

2
;

cos 2 x
3

F(x) = -2tg x + C f(x);


6

) f(x) =

4
(3 x 1) 2

; F(x) =

f(x);

1
4
4
+C =
+ C

3 (3 x 1)
3(3x 1)

2
1
;
+
x5 cos2 (3 x 1)
1
1
F(x)= 4 + tg (3x 1) + C f(x).
3
2x
1
1
345. ) f(x) = 4x + 2 ; F(x) = 2x2 + C ;
x
x
1
2
F(-1)=2+1+C = 4, C = 1; F(x) = 2x + 1 ;
x

) f(x) =

) f(x) = x3 + 2; F(x)= x

+ 2x + C

F(2) = 4+4+C=15, C = 7; F(x) = x

+ 2x + 7

) f(x) = 1 2x; F(x) = x x2 + C ;


F(3) = 39+C = 2, C = 8; F(x) = x x2 + 8 ;
) f(x) =

1
x3

10 x 4 + 3; F(x)

1
2x2

2x5 + 3x + C ;

1
1
2 + 3 + C = 5; = 4 ;
2
2
1
5
F(x) = 2 2 x + 3x + 4,5 .
2x

346. ) f(x) = 1 cos3x + 2sin x ;


3

F(x) = x sin 3x + 2 cos x + C ;


3
3

1
1
2
) f(x) = 2 +
3x ;
sin 4 x
2x
1
F(x) = ctg 4 x 2 2 x x 3 + C ;
4
2
3 sin( 4 x) + 2 x;
) f(x) =
2
cos (3 x + 1)
2
F(x) = tg (3 x + 1) 3 cos(4 x) + x 2 + C ;
3
1
3

+
2 cos x ;
) f(x) =
(3 2 x ) 3
5x 2
4

F(1) =

StudyPort.ru
F(x) =

1
4(3 2 x )

5 x 2 + 2 sin x + C .
5
4

347. ) f(x) = 2x + 1; F(x) = x2 + x + C ;


F(0) = 0: C = 0; F(x) = x2 + x ;
) f(x) = 3x2 2x; F(x) = x3 x2 + C
F(1)=4:11 + C = 4, C = 4; F(x) = x3 x2 + 4 ;
1
2

) f(x) = x + 2; F(x) = x2 + 2x + C ;
1
2

1
2

1
1
;
2
2
1
3
) f(x) = -x2 + 3x; F(x) = x3 + x 2 + C ;
3
2
1
3
1
8
1
F(2)=1: + 6 + C = 1, C = 4 ; F(x)= x3 + x 2 4
3
2
3
3
3

F(1)=3: +2+C=3, C= ; F(x)= x 2 + 2 x +

.
348. v(t) = t2 + 2t 1, .. v(t) x(t),
t3
t3
+ t 2 t + C ; x(0)=0:C=0; x(t) = + t 2 t .
3
3
t
t
349. v(t) = 2cos ; x(t) = 4sin + C ;
2
2

x = 4 : 4 sin + C = 4, 2 + = 4, C = 2; x(t) = 4sin + 2 .


2
6
3

x(t) =

350. a(t) = 12t2 + 4; .. (t) = v(t), v(t) = 4t3 + 4t + C1;


v(1) = 10:4+4+C1=10; 1 = 2; v(t) = 4t3 + 4t + 2; x(t) = t4 + 2t2 + 2t + C2;
x(1)=12:1+2+2+C2=12, C2=7; x(t)=t4 + 2t2 + 2t + 7 .
351. ) F = ma, .. a(t) =

F (t ) 6 9t
3
=
= 2 3t; v(t) = 2t t 2 + C1;
2
m
3

StudyPort.ru
3
2

v(1) = 2 +C1 = 4; C1=3,5; x(t)=t2

t3
+ 3,5t + C2 ; x(1)=510,5+3,5+
2

t3
+ 3,5t 9 ;
2
F (t ) 14 sin t
) F = ma, .. a(t) =
=
= 2 sin t ; v(t) = -2cost + C1;
m
7

+C2 = -5, C2 = -9; x(t) = t2

V() = 2 + C1 = 2,C1 = 0; v(t) = -2cost; x(t) = -2sint + C2; x() = C2 = 3;


x(t) = -2sint + 3 ;
F (t ) 25 cos t
=
= 5 cos t ;
m
5

v(t) = 5sint + C1; v = 5 + C1 = 2, C1 = 3;


2

) F= ma, .. a(t) =

v(t) = 5sint 3; x(t) = -5cost 3t + C2; x =

3
3
+ C2 = 4, C2 = 4 +
;
2
2

3
;
2
F (t ) 8t + 8
) F = ma, .. a(t)=
=
= 2t + 2;
m
4

x(t) = -5cost 3t + 4 +

v(t)= t2 + 2t + C1; v(2) = 4 + 4 + C1 = 9, C1= 1;

v(t) = t2 + 2t + 1 = (t + 1)2; x(t) =


x(t) =

(t + 1)

(t + 1)3 + C ; x(2) = 9 + C = 7, C = -2;


2
2
2
3

2 .

352. ) f(x) = 3x2 2x + 4; F(x) = x3 x2 + 4x + C F1(-1) = 1: -1 1 4 + C1 = 1, C1 = 7;


F1(x) = x3 x2 + 4x + 7 ;
F2(0) = 3: C2 = 3; F2(x) = x3 x2 + 4x + 3 ,
F1(x) F2(x) = 4 F1(x)
F2(x);
) f(x)=4x 6x2 + 1; F(x) = 2x2 2x3 + x + C
F1(0) = 2: C1 = 2; F1(x) = 2x2 2x3 + x + 2 ,
F2(1) = 3: 2 2 + 1 + C2 = 3, C2 = 2;
F2(x) = 2x2 2x3 + x + 2 ..
F2(x)F1(x)=0 , F1(x) F2(x) ;
) f(x) = 4x x3; F(x) = 2x2

x4
+ C ;
4

StudyPort.ru
F1(2)=1:244+C1=1, C1=3; F1(x)=2x2

x4
3 ;
4

F2(-2) = 3: 24 4 + C2 = 3, C2 = 1;

F2(x) = 2x2

x4
1 ;
4

F1(x) F2(x) = -2 F1(x)


F2(x);
) f(x) = (2x + 1)2; F(x) =

(2 x + 1)3 + C ;

6
125
5
F1(-3) = -1:
+ C1 = 1, C1 = 19 ;
6
6

F1(x) =

(2 x + 1)3
5
+ 19 ;
6
6

1 27
1
5
+ C2 = 6 , C2 = 1 ;
3 6
3
6

F2(1) = 6 :
F2(x) =

( 2 x + 1)3
5
+ 1 ;
6
6

F1(x) F2(x) = 18 , F1(x)


F2(x).

8.
29.
x3
33
; S = Y(3) Y(0) = = 9;
3
3

) y = cosx; Y =sinx; S = Y Y (0) = sin sin 0 = 1;


2
2

353. ) y(x) = x2; Y(x) =

) y = sinx; Y(x) = cosx; S = Y() Y(0) = 1 + 1 = 2;


1
1
y = 2 ;
x
x
1
1
S = y(2) y(1) = (1) = .
2
2

) y(x) =

354. ) Y(x) =

x4
+ x - y = x3 + 1;
4

S = Y(2) Y(0) =

24
+ 2 = 6;
4

StudyPort.ru
) Y(x) = x 2cosx y = 1 + 2sinx;

S = Y Y (0) =

) Y(x) = 4x

2 cos + 2 cos 0 = + 2;
2
2
2

x3
y = 4 x2;
3

y = 0 x = 2, S = Y(2) Y(-2) = 2 4 2
1
2

23
2
= 10 ;

3
3

) Y(x) = x + sin x y = 1 + 1 cos x;


2

S = Y Y = 2 + sin = 1 + .
2
2
2
2
2

355. ) Y(x) =
10

( x + 2)3
y = (x + 2)2;
3

y=0 x=2; x = 2 y = 4, S =Y(0) Y(-2) =


) Y(x) =

23 8
2
= =2 ;
3
3 3

1
1
+ x y =
+ 1;
x +1
( x + 1) 2

S = Y(2) Y(0) =

1
2
+ 2 +1= 2 ;
2 +1
3

x3
y = 2x x2;
3
8
1
y = 0 x = 0, x = 2, S = Y(2) Y(0) = 4 = 1 ;
3
3

) Y(x) = x2

) Y(x) =

( x 1) 4
y = -(x 1)3;
4

[0;1] S = Y(1) Y(0) =

( 1) 4 1
= .
4
4

3
3

;
; ) Y(x) = -3cos x +
4
4

3
3
3
S = Y Y = 3 cos + 3 cos 0 = 3; y = 2cos2x; ) y(x) = sin2;
2
4
4

356. y = 3sin x +


1
1
sin = 2; y = sin x ; )y(x) = -cosx x ;
2
2
2
2

5 5

S = y y = cos
+ cos +
= 3 ; y = 1 cosx;
6 12
6 12
3
6
6



) y(x) = x sinx; S = y y = sin + + sin = 2.
2 2
2
2 2
2

S = y y = sin

StudyPort.ru
30.

357.

x5 2

32

33

| =
+ =
=6 ;
) x 4 dx =
5
5 1 5 5 5
1
3

) x3dx =
1

x 4 3 81 1 80
|=
=
= 20;
4 1 4 4 4

) cos xdx = sin x | = sin sin 0 =


= 1 0 = 1;

dx

0 cos

= tgx | = tg
0

tg 0 =
4

= 1 0 = 1.
2

358. )

dx

1 ( 2 x + 1)

2 1
1
1
1
|=
= ;
2( 2 x + 1) 1 6 10 15

11

x
2

) 3 cos dx = 6 sin
0
10

dx
x

| = 6 sin 6 sin 0 = 6 0 = 6;
20
2

1 10
1
| = + 1 = 0,9;
10
x1

2
1
1
1
1
) sin 2 xdx = cos 2 x | = cos cos = ( 1) = .
2
2
2
2
2

1
1

359. ) 2 = tgx | = tg = 1; dx = x | = 1; .. 1 = 1,
4
0
0
0 cos x
0

dx

) sin xdx = cos x | = cos + cos 0 = 1


0

1
4

1
16

1
4

16

) cos xdx = sin x | = sin


0

sin 0 = 1;
2
3

dx

0 cos

= dx;
0

1 1
= ;
2 2

1 1
1
1
1 1
=2 x | =2
2
= 1 = ; .. = ,
4
16
2 2
2 2
1
x

dx

x 2 dx =

x3
3

1
4

1
16

sin xdx =

dx
x

= 1 0 = 1;

.. 1 = 1, cos xdx = x 2dx;


0

StudyPort.ru
1

) (2 x + 1)dx = x 2 + x | = 2; ( x3 1)dx =
0

2
x4
x | = 4 2 = 2; .. 2 = 2,
4
0

3
(2 x + 1)dx = ( x 1)dx.

360. ) SACODE = SACO + SOED = 2SOED


.. y = x4 ;
1

SACODE = 2 x 4 dx = 2
0

x5 1 2
|= ;
5 0 5

) SAFEO = SACDE SACOED = 2

12

2 8
3
= =1 ;
5
5 5

1
3

) SAOCD = ( x 2 4 x + 5)dx = x3 2 x 2 + 5 x | =
0

1
3

64
28
1
32 + 20 =
=9 ;
3
3
3

32
2
= 10 .
3
3

) SAED = SAOCD SAOCDE = 20 9 =


361.
1

) SABO = (1 x3 )dx = x
0

x4 1
1 3
| =1 = ;
4 0
4 4
1
4

1
4

) SABC=SADECSBDEC=2 + 2 = 4 2 =
= (2 x3 )dx 2 1 =2 x

x4 1
| 2 = 2;
4 1

x3

) S ABCD = ( x 2 4 x)dx = 2 x 2 | =
3
3
3
1

1
= 2 + (9 + 18) = 7 ;
3

StudyPort.ru
) S ABCDE = S ANMDE S BNMC =

1
1
1
= ( x 2 4 x)dx 2 = 7 2 = 5 ;
3
3
3

x 2

362. ) sin dx = 3 cos | = 3 cos cos = 6 cos = 6 = 3;


3
3
3
3
2
3

dx

2x + 5

dx

x+3

dx

cos 2

= 2 x + 5 | = 9 1 = 2; )

x
9

= 9tg

x 3

| = 9tg = 9 3 ;
9 0
3

= 2 x + 3 | = 2( 9 1) = 4.
2

13

2
3

363. )

x
x
sin + cos dx =
4
4

2
3

x
x 3

1 + sin dx = x 2 cos | =
2
2

2
2

2
1+ 2 =
+ 1;
=
2 cos + 2 cos 0 =
3
3
3
3
2

) (1 + 2 x)3 dx =
0

12

(1 + 2 x) 4 2 54 1 624
|=
=
= 78;
8
8 8
8
0

1
1

12 1
) (1 + cos 2 x)dx = x + sin 2 x | = + sin = + ;
2
12
2
6 12 4

0
0
4

x
x

) x +

2
4
dx = x + 2 x | = 16 + 2 4 1 2 = 19 = 9 1 .

2
1 2
2
2
2

364.
) S AED = S BECD S ABCD =
2

= 1 8 x 3dx = 8
1

x4 2
3
1
| =83 =4 ;
4 1
4
4

) S AED = S ABCDE S ABCD =

3
2
2
2
= 2 cos xdx 1
= 2 sin x |
= 2 3
;
3
3
3

3
2

)x 2x+4=3, x 2x+1=0, (x1)2=0, x=1;

StudyPort.ru
1

S ABE = S ACDE SBCDE = ( x 2 2 x + 4)dx 2 3 =


1

x3
1
2
2
= x2 + 4x | 6 = 8 6 = 2 ;
3
1
3
3

5
6

1 5
=
2 6 6

) S ADE = S ABCDE S ABCD = sinxdx

5
6

= cos x |

14

= cos cos
= = 3 .
3
3
6
6
3

365.
) 4x x2 = 4 x; x25x+4=0; x=4; x= 1;
S ADC = S ABCD S ABC =

3 3 2 x3 4 9
= 2x
| =
2
3 1 2
1
9 9
1 9
64

= 32
2 = 9 = ;
2 2
3 2
3

= (4 x x 2 )dx

16
x2

= 2 x ; x = 8; x = 2;

SOADC = SOAB + S ABCD =


=4

16 4
| = 4 4 + 8 = 8;
x 2

S ADE = SOEC SOADC =

) x2 = 2x x = 0; 2.
SOAB = SOAC SOBAC =

=4

2 4 4 16dx
+ 2 =
2
2 x

4 8
8 = 8;
2

24 2 2
x dx =
2
0

x3 2
8 4
1
| = 4 = =1 ;
3 0
3 3
3

) 6 + x x2 = 6 2x;
x2 3x = 0; x = 0; x = 3.

StudyPort.ru
3

S ABC = SOABC S AOC = (6 + x x 2 )dx


0

x
x
3 6
9
9
= 6x + | 9 = 18 + 9 9 = .
2
2 3 0
2
2
2

3 3

366.
) x2 4x + 4 = 4 x2;
2x2 4x = 0; x2 2x = 0; x = 2; x = 0;
2

S ACBD = S AOBD S AOBC = (4 x 2 )dx


0

2
2

2 x3 2
( x2 4 x + 4)dx = (4 x 2 x2 )dx = 2 x2
|=

3 0
0
0

15

=8

16 8
2
= =2 .
3
3 3

) x2 2x + 2 = 2 + 6x x2
2x2 8x = 0; x2 4x = 0; x = 0; x = 4.
S ABCE = SOABCD SOAECD =

2 x3 4
= (8 x 2 x 2 )dx = 4 x 2
|=

3 0

128 64
1
= 4 16
=
= 21 .
3
3
3

) x2 = 2x x2; x2 x = 0; x = 0; x = 1;
S OAB = SOABD S OBD =
1

= (2 x 2 x 2 )dx = x 2
0

2 x3 1
2 1
| = 1 = .
3 0
3 3

) x2 = x3; x2(1 x) = 0; x = 0; x = 1;
1

SOAB = SOAC SOCAB = x 2 dx x3dx =


x3 x 4 1 1 1 1
| = = .
= ( x 2 x 3 )dx =

3
4 0 3 4 12
0

StudyPort.ru
367.

y = 8x 2x2; x =

8
= 2 ; y = 16 8 = 8.
2

(2;8); y(x) = 8 4x, y(2) = 0;


y=y(2)+y(2)(x2)=8 ;
2

SODA = SODAC SOAC = 2 8 (8 x 2 x 2 )dx =


0

2 x3 2
28
1
| = 16 16 +
= 16 4 x 2
=5 .

0
3
3
3

368. f(x) = 8 0,5x2; f(x) = -x, f(-2) = 2; f(2) = 6;


y(x)=f(-2)+2(x+2)=2x+10 ; y(1)=21+10 = 12;
16

SCDE = S FCDB S FCEB = 3 6 +


8
6

1
6

36 1
0,5 x 3 1
(8 0,5 x 2 )dx = 27 8 x
| =

2
3 2
2

= 27 8 + 16 + = 28,5 24 = 4,5.

369. ) f ( x)dx = F (b) F (a) g ( x)dx = G (b) G (a),


F(x) G(x) [a;b] f(x) g(x) ;
b

( f ( x) + g ( x))dx = (F ( x) + G ( x) ) | = F (b) + G (b) F (a) G (a) =


b

= [ F (b) F (a )] + [G (b) G (a )] = f ( x)dx + g ( x)dx;


b

) k f ( x )dx = k[F(b) F(a )], F(x) f(x) [a;b];


a

StudyPort.ru
b

kf ( x)dx = [kf ( x)] | = k[ F (b) F (a)] = k f ( x)dx, k const.


31.

x5 2 x3
1
+
+ x | =
5
0
3

370. ) V ( x) = ( x 2 + 1) 2 dx = ( x 4 + 2 x 2 + 1)dx =
13
1 2
= + + 1 = 1 ;
15
5 3
4

) V ( x) = ( x ) 2 dx =
1

) V ( x) = ( x ) 2 dx =
0

x2 4
1
1

| = 8 = 7 ;
2 1
2
2

x2 1
| = ; ) y = 1 x2 = 0; x2 = 1; x = 1;
2 0 2

17

1
1

2 x3 x5 1
+
V ( x) = (1 x 2 ) 2 dx = (1 2 x 2 + x 4 ) dx = x
| =

3
5 1
1
1

8 16
1
= 2
=
= 1 .
15
15 15

371. ) V = V V0,
1
3

1
3

V = r 2 h = , .. r = h = 1.
1

V0 = x 4 dx =
0

x5 1 1
1
1
2
| = x; V = = ;
3
5
15
5 0 5

) V = ( x + 3) 2 dx (2 x) 2 dx = ( x 2 + 6 x + 9)dx 4 x 2 dx =
0

= (6 x + 9 3 x 2 )dx = (3x 2 + 9 x x3 ) | = (3 1 + 9 1) = 11;

) V = ( x + 2) 2 dx dx = ( x 2 + 4 x + 4)dx x | =
x3
2
2

8
=
+ 2 x 2 + 4 x | 2 = + 8 + 8 2 = 16 .
3
0
3
3

StudyPort.ru
1

x2

x3 1

) V = ( x ) 2 dx x 2 dx = | | = = .
2 0
3 0 2 3 6
0
0

18

372.
) |OB| = x, S(x) = y2 = (R2 x2),
S(x) , x [R H; R].

V=

x3

2
2
2
( R x )dx = R x | 3
RH
RH

= R 2 H

RH

= R 2 H

3
R ( R H )3 =
3

H 3
3HR 2 3RH 2 + H 3 = RH 2
.
3
3

) |OD| = x, S(x) ,
HR r
.
R

x 0;

S ( x) = y 2 =

R2

H2
H (R r)
0x
.
R

.., V =

H (Rr)
R

( H x) 2 . x

H (Rr)
R

R2
H

( H x) dx =

H (Rr)
R

R 2 2
2

x
x
dx
RH
R
r
H
H2

373. F = kx, k =

R dx

H (Rr)
R

R2

H 2
( R + Rr + r 2 ).
3
F

H (Rr)
R

R 2 x3
+ 2
H 3

; F = 2H, x = 0,01 k =

2R 2
xdx +
H
H (Rr)
R

2
= 200;
0,01

StudyPort.ru
A=

0,04

200 xdx = 100 x

0,04

| = 0,16 .

374. k =
A=

F
4
= 50;
; F = 4H, x = 0,08 k =
0,08
x

0,08

50 xdx = 25 x

375.
b

F=

q
r2

0,08

| = 0,16 .

( ). .. A = F (r )dr ,
a

1 1
ab
A = 2 dr = q = q
;
b
a

ab
a r
( a b) q
=
(b a ) > 0;
) a < b, q < 0; A = q
ab
ab

19

) b < a, q > 0: A = q

( a b)
> 0.
ab

376. x x.
P = gxyx. .. ABF NBM,
AF

NM

FB
MB
h

x
ab
h

=
, y = b + (a b) 1 ,
y b h x
h

bx 2

.. P = gx b + (a b )1 dx = g
+
h

x3 h
( a b) x 2
(a b ) | =
2
3h 0

h 2 a h 2 a h 2b gh 2 (a + 2b)
= g

+
.
=
3
3
6
2

377. x =

h
, x
n

. ,
, = gVx = gr2xx.
n

A = gr 2 xx. n , A = gr 2 xdx = gr 2

x 2 h gr 2 h 2
|=
.
2 0
2

StudyPort.ru
378. n x =

2R
n

, x .
x = gVx. |OB| = a, y2 = R2 a2 = R2
(x R)2 V y2x = R 2 ( x R ) 2 x = x(2R x)x,

2R
2 x3 R x 4 2 R
2
16 R 4 3
4
A = gx 2 ( 2 R x)dx = g
| = g 8 R 4
= gR .
3
4
3
4
4
0
0

20

379. n ,
x =
E = mv

1
.
n

x + x

m = V = Sx , v =

.
v x. .. E Sx

x
x

0,

l
2 x 2
2 x 2 S2 x 3 l S2l 3
E = Sdx
|=
.
=
2
2 3 0
6
2
0

380. (), V,
x ,
V y2x. ABO ANE;

x y
r
r2
= , y = x; V 2 x 2 x.
h r
h
h

xdV

x`= 0
h

dV

r 2
h

0
h

x 3dx

h2

3
x dx

dx

0
h

2
x dx

x4 h
|
4 0
x3 h
3

3
h.
4

StudyPort.ru
IV.

9.

32. n-

381. ) 4 16 = 2, 24 = 16 2 > 0; ) 7 1 = 1, (-1)7 = -1;


) 10 1024 = 2, 210 = 1024 2 > 0; ) 5 243 = 3, (-3)5 = -243.
382. ) 17 1 = 1, 117 = 1; ) 3 343 = 7, (-7)3 = -343;
) 6 64

= 2,

26 = 64 2 > 0; ) 19 0 = 0, 019 = 0.
21

383. ) 3 27

= 3 (3) 3 = 3;

) 4 81 = 4 34 = 3;

) 5 32 = 5 (2) 5 = 2; ) 3 64 = 3 4 3 = 4.
4

5
81 4 3
3
384. ) 5 1 = 5 1 = 1 ; ) 4
= = ;

32

) 3

625

27 3 3
3
81 4 3
3
= = ; ) 4
= = .
8
2
256
4
2
4

385. ) x3 + 4 = 0; x = 3 4 = 3 4 ; ) x6 = 5; x = 6 5 ;
) x3 = 4; x = 3 4 ; ) x4 = 10; x = 4 10 .
386. ) x10 15 = 0; x10 = 15; x = 10 15 ;
) x7 + 128 = 0; x7 = -128; x = 7 128 = 2;
) x6 64 = 0; x6 = 64; x = 2; ) x5 = 3; x = 5 3 .
387.
) 16x4 1 = 0; x4 =
x = 4

1
;
16

) 0,01x3 + 10 = 0; x3 = -1000;
x = 3 1000 = 10;

1
1
= ;
16
2

) 0,02x6 1,28 = 0; x6 = 64;


x = 6 64 = 2 ;

3
4

3
4

) 12 x 2 = 0; x2 = 17;
x = 17 .

388.

StudyPort.ru
) 3 x = 0,6;
x = -0,216;

(3 x )3 = ( 0,6)3 ;

) 4 x = 3;

(4 x )4 = 34 ; x = 81;

7
( x )2 = 52 ; x = 25;
) 7 x = 1; (7 x ) = ( 1)7 ; x = -1.
5
5
4
4
389. ) ( 4 11 ) = ( 1)4 (4 11 ) = 11 ) (25 2 ) = ( 2)5 (5 2 ) = 32 2 = 64;
6
6
3
) (3 7 ) = 3 7 3 = 7; ) ( 6 2 ) = ( 1)6 (6 2 ) = 2.

) x = 5;

390.
) 4 16 625 = 4 16 4 625 = 2 5 = 10;
) 3 8 343 = 3 8 3 343 = 2 7 = 14;

) 5 32 243 = 5 32 5 243 = 2 3 = 6;
) 4 0,0001 16 = 4 0,0001 4 16 = 0,1 2 = 0,2.

391. ) 5 160 625 = 5 32 5 55 = 2 5 = 10;


) 3 24 9 = 3 8 27 = 3 8 3 27 = 2 3 = 6;
22

) 4 48 27 = 4 16 81 = 4 16 4 81 = 2 3 = 6;
) 3 75 45 = 3 125 27 = 3 125 3 27 = 5 3 = 15.
392.
) 3 9 6 9 = 3 9 3 3 = 3 27 = 3; ) 7 16 7 8 = 7 128 = 2;
) 5 27 5 9 = 5 243 = 3; ) 3 25 6 25 = 3 25 3 5 = 3 125 = 5.
393. )
)

625
3

= 3 125 = 5; )

128
4

=4

128 4
= 16 = 2;
8

6
243 3
128 6 128 6
=3
= 27 = 3; ) 6
=
= 64 = 2.
9
2
9
2

243

394.
6
4
64
1
19
64
625 3 100
: 3
4 39 : 3 3
=6

=
4
100000000
16
27
100000000
16
27
2
5
3
15
15
=3
3
=3
=
= 0,15;
2
100
100
1000000
10000

) 6

) 5 1

11
4,5
16

) 5

288

=5

243 3
17
4
=
1024
27
3
8

1
2

) 4 3 1 +

4
4

80

=4

27 9 5 1

=
16 2
32

243

1024

125
3

27

5
5

243
32

1 3 1
= = 1;
2 2 2

3 ( 5) 5
1

= =1 ;
4
3
4
4

4
27 3 4 5
81 4 1
3 1
+
=
+
= + = 2;
82
80 4 16
16 2 2

395.
) 1 < 4 2 < 2, .. 14 < 2 < 24; 1,1 < 4 2 < 1,2, .. 1,14 < 2 < 1,24;
1,18 < 4 2 < 1,19, .. 1,184 < 2 < 1,194; 4 2 = 1,18...;
) 1 < 3 5 < 2, .. 13 < 5 < 23; 1,7 < 3 5 < 1,8, .. 1,73 < 5 < 1,83;
3
3
1,70 < 3 5 < 1,71, .. 1,7 < 5 < 1,71 ; 3 5 = 1,70...;
2
2
) 2 < 7 < 3, .. 2 < 7 < 3 ; 2,6 < 7 < 2,7, .. 2,62 < 7 < 2,72;
2
2
2,64 < 7 < 2,65, .. 2,64 < 7 < 2,65 ; 7 = 2,64...;
3
3
) 1 < 3 3 < 2, .. 1 < 3 < 2 ; 1,4 < 3 3 < 1,5, .. 1,43 < 3 < 1,53;
3
3
1,44 < 3 3 < 1,45, .. 1,44 < 3 < 1,45 ; 3 3 = 1,44....

StudyPort.ru
396.
) 3 10,17 2,17;

) 71 8,43;

) 13,21 3,63;

) 3 11 2,22.

397.
) 9 13,7 1,34;

) 6 10 1,47;

) 4 2,8 1,29;

) 8 13 1,38.
23

398.
5
24 25 5
, .. 0,4 =
<
= ;
12
60 60 12

) 5 0,2 > 0, .. 0,2>0 5 0 = 0;

) 12 0,4 < 12

) 7 1,8 > 1, .. 1,8 > 1 7 1 = 1;

) 8 0,2 < 8 0,3 , .. 0,2 < 0,3.


2

399. )
) 18

1
1 1
1
13
2 = 3 3 2 = 3 ; 6 = 3 ;
2
4 2
8
2

1
1 31
1
< , .. 3 2 < 6 ;
2
4
2
2

3 300 301
3 18
< 0,43 , .. =
<
= 0,43;
7
7 700 700

) 5 2 < 5 3 , .. 2 < 3; ) 8 0,8 < 1, .. 0,8 < 1 1 = 8 1.


400. ) 0,3 = 10 0,35 = 10 0,00243 ; 5 0,05 = 10 0,052 = 10 0,0025 ;
10 0,0025

> 10 0,00243 , ..

0,3 < 5 0,05 ;

) 3 4 = 15 4 5 = 15 1024 ; 5 8 = 15 83 = 15 512 ; 15 1024 > 15 512 , .. 3 4 > 5 8 ;


) 3 7 = 6 7 2 = 6 49 ;

49 > 6 40 , ..

7 > 6 40 ;

) 5 = 8 54 = 8 625 ; 8 625 > 8 500 , ..

5 > 8 500 .

401.
) 3 0,4 = 15 0,45 = 15 0,01024 ;
15 0,01024

0,3 = 15 0,33 = 15 0,009 ;

< 15 0,009 ,15 0,01024 > 15 0,009 ; ..

) 5 5 = 5 5 = 15 53 = 15 125 ;

0,4 > 5 0,3 ;

15

3 = 3 3 = 35 = 15 243 ;

StudyPort.ru
15 125 > 15 243 , ..

5 > 3 3;

) 3 2 = 3 2 > 3 4 = 3 4 ;
) 3 5 = 15 55 = 15 3125 ;
15

15

3 = 33 = 15 27 ;

3125 > 15 27 , 15 3125 < 15 27 ,

5 < 5 3.

402.

) 6 64a8b11 = 6 (2ab) 6 6 a 2b5 = 2ab6 a 2b5 ;


) 5 128a 7 = 5 (2a)5 5 4a 2 = 2a5 4a 2 ;
) 4 6a12b6 = 4 (a3b)4 4 6b 2 = a3b 4 6b 2 ;

) 3 54a10 = 3 (3a 3 )3 3 2a = 3a 3 3 2a .

24

403. ) b 4 3 = 4 b 4 4 3 = 4 3b 4 ; ) ab8

5b3

5b3

= a8b8 8

a7

a7

= 5ab11 ;

) ab3 4 = 3 a 3b3 3 4 = 3 4a 3b3 .

) a 4 7 = 4 a 4 4 7 = 4 7a 4 ;
404.

) a2 = a , a = a 0, ..

a 2 = a 0;

) 3 a 3 = a ;
) 5 a 5 = a, a = a 0, ..

) 4 a 4 = a , a = a 0, ..

a 5 = a 0;
4

a 4 = a 0.

405.
) 3 a 3 = a , = - = 0, 3 a 3 = a = 0;
) 6 a 6 = a , a = a 0, 6 a 6 = a 0;
) 4 a 4 = a ; ) 7 a 7 = a .
3

406. )
)

7 5

a 2

( 7 ) ( 5)

a 2 ( 2 )2

(a 2 ) 2

a+ 2

3( 7 + 5 )

3( 7 + 5 )
;
2

a2 2 2 + 2
a2 2

5 2

5+ 2

( 5) ( 2)

5 2
;
3

StudyPort.ru
6 +1

6 1

407. ) 3

x4 4

3
12

( 6 + 1) 2 6 + 1 + 2 6 7 + 2 6
=
=
.
5
5
5
3

a 22
3

23

4 43
4

x 4

408. ) 3
) 4

2 42
3

43

35 5

2 x

5 54
5 5

3 5

2 4 34

x 1
;
2

625
.
3

13
6
6 32 53
6
16 ; ) 5
=
= 5 9 125 ;
5
5
5
5
2
15
27 25
3 5
5

x ( x 1)

3 2 2 33
4

a3 2
x x
; )
=
2
2 x

64 2 2
=
;
x
x

10 10 2 2 10 5
1
34
4 27 = 4 108 ; ) 5 =
=
4 = 55 4 .
5 5
6
2
2
8
2

25

409.
) 12 253 = 12 56 = 5 ; ) 3

14
2 =3
2

1 4 1 14 3
=
=
2 = 0,54 8 ;
8
2 2

) 8

163 8 212 34 2 8 4 4 2
=
=
2 3 =
6;
81
3
3
38

) 4

1 12
1
13
5
1 12
12
5 = 12 3 =
5 49 =
5 26 212 = 12 320 .
4
4
4
2
4

410.
) 3 x 56 x + 6 = 0; 6 x = t; t 0;
t2 5t + 6 = 0; t1 = 2, t2 = 3;
6 x = 2, x = 26 = 64;
6 x = 3, x = 36 = 729;
) x 34 x + 2 = 0; 4 x = t; t 0;
t2 3t + 2 = 0; t1 = 1, t2 = 2;
4 x = 1, x = 1; 4 x = 2, x = 24 = 16;
411.
)

43

) x + 2 x = 2; 4 x = t; t 0;
t2 + t 2 = 0; t1 = -2, t2 = 1;
4 x = 2 - ;
4 x = 1, x = 1;
) 3 x 56 x = 6; 6 x = t; t 0;
t2 5t 6 = 0; t1 = -1, t2 = 6;
6 x = 1 - ;
6 x = 6, x = 66 = 46656.

+
11 7

x4 < 3; x1 = 4 3 , x2 = 4 3 .
: 4 3 ; 4 3 . .
)
+

x11 7; x = 11 7 ;
: 11 7 ; .
)

43

StudyPort.ru
10 2

10 2

x10 > 2; x1 = 10 2 , x2 = 10 2 .

:
412.
)

+
-343
3 x < 7; x = (-7)3 = -343;
: (-;-343).
)

+
8
3 x > 2; x = 8; : (8;).

26

x3 5; x = 3 5 .
: ;3 5 .

( ;10 2 ) (10 2 ; ).

35

6 x 2;

x = 64.
: [64; ).
)

+
0
81
4 x 3; x = 81. : [0; 81].

413.
) 6 a 6

= a = a ,

) 4 4

= a = a ,

) 5 5

0;

= a;

0;

414. ) 3 a 3 a 2 = a a = a + a = 2a, 0;
) 4 a 4 + 27 a 7 = a + 2a = a + 2a = 3a, 0;
) 5 a 5 6 a 6 = a a = a a = 0, 0;
) 3 a 3 + 38 a8 = a + 3 a = a 3a = 2a, 0.
415. ) 3 10 + 73 3 10 73 = 3 10 2 ( 73 ) 2 = 3 27 = 3;
)

(4 + 17 ) 2
3

4 17

+ 17 =

( 4 + 17 )3

3
3

4 2 ( 17 ) 2

+ 17 = 4 + 17 + 17 = 4;

) 4 9 65 4 9 + 65 = 4 9 2 ( 65 ) 2 = 4 16 = 2;
) 3 5 3 + 5 = 32 ( 5 ) 2 = 4 = 2.
416. )

1
3

2 33

2 2 + 3 2 3 + 32
= 3 4 3 6 3 9 ;
3 2
3 3 2
3
2 3 2 + 23 + 3

3
3

2 a 2 + a3 b + b 2
2 a 2 + a 3 b + b 2

)
=
=
3
3 2
3 2
3
a3b
a

b
a b a + a b + b

StudyPort.ru
3

3
2 52 3 5 7 + 7 2

) 3
=
=
3 2
3
3 3 2
3
5 +37
5 + 7 5 57 + 7

3a

a ab + b

25 3 35 + 3 49
;
6

)
(

3a 3 a + 3 b
3a 3 a + 3 b
=
.
3 23
a+b
3 2 3
3

+
+
a
ab
b
a
b

33.
417.
) x 4 + 19 = 10 x4 + 19 = 100 x4 = 81 x 3;
) 3 x 2 28 = 2 x2 28 = 8 x2 = 36 x = 6;
27

2
) 61 x 2 = 5 61 x2 0, x 2 61, x = 6;

61 x = 25;

x = 36

) 3 x 9 = 3 x 9 = 27 x = 18.
418.
x + 1 = ( x 5) 2 ,
x = 3,
x 2 11x + 24 = 0,

x = 8; x = 8 ;
) x + 1 = x 5 x 5 0,
x 5,

x + 1 0;
x 5;
x 1;

2
2 x + 3 = (6 x)2 , x 14x + 33 = 0, x = 3,

x 6,
x = 11; x = 3 ;

) x + 2x + 3 = 6 6 x 0,
3
x 6;
2x + 3 0;

x ;

2
2
2 x 1 = ( x 2) 2 , x 6 x + 5 = 0, x = 1,

x 2;

x = 5; x = 5 ;
) 2 x 1 = x 2 x 2 0;
1
2 x 1 0

x 2;
x
2

x 2 9 x + 8 = 0,
3 x + 1 = ( x 3) 2 ,
x = 1,

x 3,
) 3 + 3x + 1 = x x 3 0,

x = 8; x = 8 .
1
3x + 1 0;

x 3;
x ;

419.
2

2
) 2 x + 1 = x 2 2 x + 4 2 x + 1 = x 2 x + 4, x 4 x + 3 = 0,

2 x + 1 0;

x 0,5;

x = 1,
x = 1,

x = 3; 1
.
x
2 = 3;
x 0,5;

StudyPort.ru

x = x2 x 3, x2 2x 3 = 0, x = 1,
x = 3;

) x = x x 3 x 0,
x =3;

1 + 13
;
x 1 + 13 ;
x2 x 3 0; x
2

2
x + 2 = 2 x 3,
x = 5,

) x + 2 = 2 x 3 x + 2 0,
x=5;
x
1,5;
2 x 3 0;
2

x = 1,
9 x 2 = 9 + x,
x = 0;
x( x + 1) = 0,

x = 1,

) 9 x 2 = x + 9 9 x 2 0, x 3, x 3, 1
x2 = 0;
x + 9 0;
x 3;
x 3;

28

420.
x1 = 2,
x
2 = 4;

) x = 3 x3 + x 2 6 x + 8 x3 + x 2 6 x + 8 = x3 x 2 6 x + 8 = 0
) x 2 = 3 x 2 8 ( x 2)3 = x 2 8 x3 6 x 2 + 12 x 8 = x 2 8
x1 = 0,
x( x 2 7 x + 12) = 0 x2 = 3,
x = 4;
3

x1 = 10,
x2 = 2;

) x = 3 x3 x2 8x + 20 x3 = x3 x2 8x + 20 x2 + 8x 20 = 0

) x + 1 = 3 x 3 + 2 x 2 + x ( x + 1)3 = x3 + 2 x 2 + 2 x 3 + 3x 2 + 3x + 1 =
= x3 + 2 x 2 + x x 2 + 2 x + 1 = 0 x = 1.

421.
3 x + 23 y = 1,
3 x + 23 y = 1,
3 x + 23 y = 1, 3 y = 1 (1 3 x ),
3

3
2
3
3
3 x 3 y = 10; 6 x 23 y = 20; 7 x = 21;

x = 3;
3 y = 1,
y = 1
3

;
x = 27
x = 3;

124 x 34 y = 6 2 ,
44 x 4 y = 2 2 ,
4 y = 44 x 2 2 ,

4
4
144 x = 14 2 ;
2 x + 34 y = 8 2 ; 2 x + 34 y = 8 2 ;
4 y = 44 x 2 2 ,
y = 64

;
4
x=4

x = 2;

84 x 44 y = 28,
24 x + 4 y = 7,
4 y = 7 24 x ,

4
4
114 x = 22;
44 y 3 x = 6; 3 x + 44 y = 6;

StudyPort.ru
)

4 y = 7 2 2,
y = 81

;
x = 16
4 x = 2;

x = 5 5 3 y ,
2 x + 6 y = 10 5 ,
x + 3 y = 5 5 ,

11 y = 11 5 ;
5 y 2 x = 5 ; 2 x + 5 y = 5 ;
x = 5 5 3 5 ,
x = 20

.
y = 5;

y=5

422.
x = 10,
( x + 1)(x + 6) = 36, 2

x + 7 x 30 = 0, x = 3; x = 3 ;
x + 1 0,

x 1;

x 1;
x + 6 0;

) x + 1 x + 6 = 6

29

( x 1) (2 x 1) = x + 1, ( x 1)(2 x 1) = ( x + 1)2 ,

)
= x +1

x 1 0,

x 1 0,
2x 1

2 x 1 > 0;
2 x 1 > 0;

x +1

2 x 2 3 x + 1 = x 2 + 2 x + 1,

x 1,

x > 0,5;

x 2 5 x = 0,

x 1;

x1 = 0,

x2 = 5; x = 5 ;
x 1;

3x + 2 x 2 = x + 6, (3x + 2)(x 2) = ( x + 6)2 ,

= 3x + 2
3x + 2 0,

x 2 > 0;
x2

x 2 > 0;
3x + 2 0

x+6

x1 = 2,
2
2
2

3x 4 x 4 = x + 12x + 36, 2 x 16x 40 = 0, x2 = 10; x = 10 ;


x
2
;
x
2
;
>
>

x > 2;
x( 2 x) = 4 x 2 , 2 x x 2 = 4 x 2 ,

x 0,
x 0,

2 x 0;
x 2;

) x 2 x = 2 x

x1 = 0,
5 x( x 0,4) = 0, x2 = 0,4;
x = 0,

x 0, 1
x 0,
x2 = 0,4;

x 2;
x 2;

423. ) 5 + 3 x + 3 = 3, 5 + 3 x + 3 = 9, x + 3 = 64, x = 61.


: 5 + 3 61 + 3 = 3. : x = 61.

StudyPort.ru
) x 2 16 + x = 2,
-8x + 32 = 0, x = 4.
:

x 2 16 + x = 4, x216=(4x)2, x216 = x2 8x + 16,

4 2 16 + 4 = 2. : x = 4.

) 18 3 x + 10 = 4, 18 3 x + 10 = 16, x + 10 = 8, x = -2.

: 18 3 2 + 10 = 4. : x = -2.

) x x 2 5 = 1, x x 2 5 = 1, x2 5 = (x 1)2, 2x 6 = 0, x = 3.
: 3 32 5 = 1. : x = 3.
424. ) x 3 = 1 + x 4 , x 3 = 1 + 2 x 4 + x 4,
: 4 3 = 1 + 4 4 . : x = 4.
30

x 4 = 0, x = 4.

) x + 2 x 6 = 2, x + 2 = 4 + 4 x 6 + x 6,

x 6 = 1, x = 7.

: 7 + 2 7 6 = 2. : x = 7.
) 2 + 10 x = 22 x , 4 + 4 10 x + 10 x = 22 x, 10 x = 2, x = 6.
: 2 + 10 6 = 22 6 . : x = 6.
) 1 2 x 3 = 16 + x , 1 2 x 6 1 2 x + 9 = 16 + x, 6 1 2 x = 6 + 3x.
x = 0,
x = 12.

1 2x = 0,25x2 + x + 1, x(x + 12) = 0,

: 1 2 0 3 16 + 0 ; x = -12: 1 + 2 12 3 = 16 12 .
: x = -12.
425.
) x 3 6 = 4 x 3 ; 4 x 3 = t; t2 t 6 = 0; t1 = -2, t2 = 3;
t= -2: 4 x 3 = 2 - ; t = 3: 4 x 3 = 3;
x 3 = 81; x = 84. : = 84.
) 3 x + 1 + 26 x + 1 = 3; 6 x + 1 = t; t2 + 2t 3 = 0; t1 = -3; t2 = 1;
t = -3: 6 x + 1 = 3 - ;
t = 1: 6 x + 1 = 1; x + 1 = 1; x = 0. : = 0.
) 4 x 5 = 30 x 5 ;

x 5 = t ; t2 + t 30 = 0; t1 = -6, t2 = 5;

t = -6: 4 x 5 = 6 - ; t = 5: 4 x 5 = 5;
x 5 = 625; x = 630. : = 630.
) 310 x 2 3 + 5 x 2 3 = 4; 10 x 2 3 = t ;
t2 + 3t 4 = 0; t1 = -4, t2 = 1;

StudyPort.ru
t = -4: 10 x 2 3 = 4 - ;
t = 1: 10 x 2 3 = 1; x2 3 = 1; x=2.
: = 2.
426.

2 x y = 5,
y = 2 x 5,

y = 2 x 5,

2
x
y

=
3
;

x
x
x
(
2

5
)
=
3
;
2
(
)
5 x 3 = 0;

y = 6,

y = 2 x 5,
x = 1 ;
1
x = 9,

2
x =2,

y = 1.

y = 1,
x = 3;

x = 3;

31

6 + x 3 3 y + 4 = 10,
5 6 + x 15 3 y + 4 = 50,

4 3 y + 4 5 6 + x = 6;
5 6 + x + 4 3 y + 4 = 6;
6 + x = 10 + 3 3 y + 4 ,
6 + x = 2,
x = 2,

3 y + 4 = 4; y = 4.
3 y + 4 = 4;

x + 3 y = 10
x = 10 3 y ,

x = 10 3 y ,

2
x y = 8;
y (10 3 y ) = 8;
3( y ) 10 y + 8 = 0;

x = 6,
x = 36,
x = 10 3 y ,

y= ;
y =1 ;
4

3
y = ,
9
3


x = 16,
4
,

x
=

y = 2;
y = 4.
y = 2;

2 x 2 + 5 y + 1 = 8,
4 x 2 + 2 5 y + 1 = 16,

3 x 2 2 5 y + 1 = 2; 3 x 2 2 5 y + 1 = 2;

5 y + 1 = 4,
y = 3,

x = 6.
x 2 = 2;

427.

) x + y = 8,
x y = 16;

x+

x + y = 8,

y ) = 16; x y = 2;

y = 8,

( x y )( x +

x = 5,
x = 25,

y = 3;
y = 9.

StudyPort.ru
3 y = 5 3 x , 3 y = 5 3 x ,

3
3
) x + y = 5,
3

3
3
3
xy = 216;

( xy ) = 6 ;

3
3
y = 5 3 x,

3 x = 2,
3
3

x = 3;
3

) x y = 4,
x y = 32;

x 5 x = 6;

y = 5 3 x,

x2 53 x + 6 = 0;

y = 3,

y = 27,
x = 8;

y = 8,
y = 2,
x = 27.
x = 3;

x = 2;

x y = 4,

y = 32; x + y = 8;

x y = 4,

x y

x = 6,
x = 36,

y = 2;
y = 4.

32

)(

x+

3 x = 2 + 3 y , 3 x = 2 + 3 y ,

3
3
) x y = 2,

xy = 27;

( xy ) = 3 ;

3 y 2 + 3 y = 3;

x = 2 + 3 y,

2
3 y + 23 y 3 = 0;

3 x = 1,
x = 1,
3
x = 2 + 3 y,
y = 27;
y = 3;

3 y = 3,

3

x = 27,
x = 3,
3 y = 1;
y = 1;
3 y = 1.

34.
428.
6
= 35

1, 2

) 3

5 6

= 3 = 729 ;

) 5

) 41,25 = 4 4 = 4 45 = 4 1024 ;

) 6

2
3

= 5 2 = 3

1
2

=6

1
;
25

3
2

= 63 =

1
.
216

429.
) 3 a 2 = a

2
3;

) 13 b 7 = b

3b = (3b) 7 ;

7
13 ;

) 8 45 = 4 8 .

430.
0, 4

) 243

( )

5 0, 4

= 3

644
) 8
3

= 3 = 9;

1
8

8 8
=
3

1
8

8
=
3

3
;
8

StudyPort.ru
5
) 16 4

( )

5
24 4

= 25 = 32;

431. ) 8 2 : 8 6 9 2 = 8 2 8

( )

273 9 3 9 9 3 2
9
) 6 = 2 = =
.
125
625
25

1
6

3
2

= 83 9

3
2

2
;
27
4

1
4
) 3 100 2 3 3 = 3 22 52 2 3 5 3 = 2 3 2 3 5 3 5 3 = 22 51 = ;

1
2
) 8 3

7
0,75
: 81
= 83

) 1 11
25

0,5

3
: 814

17
4
27

1
3

= 27 33 =
6 2
=
5

128
20
=4 ;
27
27

0,5

5 3

3

1
3

5 3 1
= .
6 5 2

33

1 1

1 1

= 32 32

1
) 3 + 3 2

1 1

+ 1;

1
) (3x) 2

1
(5 x) 2

1 1

1 1

) a a 2 = a 2 a 2 1;

432. ) (ax) 3 + (ay ) 3 = a 3 x 3 + y 3 ;


=

1 1

x 2 32

1
52

433. ) x 3 y 3 x 3 y 3 + 1 = x 3 y 3 1 y 3 1 = y 3 1 x 3 1;

1
) c 2

1
+ c4

1 1

= c4 c4

+ 1;

1 2

1 1

) 4 4 3 = 4 3 4 3 = 4 3 4 3 1 = 4 3 4 3 1 4 3 + 1;

1
1
1 1
1 1
1 1
1

1
1
) a + b 2 + a 2 + a 2 b 2 = a 2 a 2 + 1 + b 2 a 2 + 1 = a 2 + 1 a 2 + b 2 .

434. )

a b
1
a2

1
b2

1 1
1
1
2
2 a 2 + b 2

a
b

1
1

= a2 + b2;
=
1
1

1
3
z

a2 b2
1
2

2 z + 2 z 3 + 4
1

= z 3 2;
2
1

StudyPort.ru
)

z 8

z 3 + 2z 3 + 4

34

1
x2

z 3 + 2z 3 + 4

1
x2

1
4
4
;
=
= 1
x 16 1
1

2
2
x2 + 4
x 4 x + 4

a+b
2
a3

1 1

a 3b 3 + b 3

1 2
1 1
2
1
3
3 a 3 a 3 b 3 + b 3
a
b
+

1
1

= a3 + b3.

=
2
1 1
2

a 3 a 3b 3 + b 3

435.

x y

3
x4

1 1
x2 y4

1 1
x2 y4

1
x2

1 1
x4 y2
1

+ y2

1 1
1
1 1 1
1
1
2
2
4 4 4
2
2
4
x y x + y x y x + y

=
=
1 1
1 1
1

x2x2 + y2 x4 + y4

1 1
1

y4x2 y2

;
=
1

x4

1
2

+1

+1 a

3
2

a 1
a+a

= a2

1
2

:
2

1 +

1
2a 2

+ 2a 2

=a

1
a 2 (a

1
1

2
a 1 a + a + 1
1

+ 2a 2 =
1

a + a2 +1
1
2a 2

+1+

1
2a 2

a2 +1

= a + 1;

1
1
1
1

a3 b3
a2 b2 + a2 + b2
a 3 b3
2
=

=
1
a + ab + b 2
a 2 + ab + b 2
2
a ( a b)

1
1
)
+
1 1
1 1

a + a 2b 2 a a 2b 2

2a 2

1
1

2
2

a 1 a + 1


=
1

(a b) a 2 + ab + b 2

) = 2a(a b) = 2;
a ( a b)

a 2 + ab + b 2

StudyPort.ru
)
=

b)

x +1

x x +x+

( x 1)( x + 1) + x ( x 1)
x + x +1
3

x +1

x (x +

x + 1)

( x 1)( x + x + 1)
x + x +1

x ( x x 1) x 2 x + x x 1
=
=
1
x + x +1

= x 1.

19

436. ) 7 33 = 3 7 < 3 8 , .. 3 < 19 ; 3 > 1;


7

) 0,4

2,7

5
=
2
5

2,7

189
5 70

=
2
50

15
5 7

>
2

150

189 150
5 70
>
;
= , ..
70
70
2

5
>1;
2

51

) 3 65 = 6 3 = 6 30 < 61,7 = 6 30 , .. 50 < 51 ; a 6 > 1;


30

5
1 3

35
1 21

) =

<7

5
1 7

15
1 21

1
= =
32 2
2

30

, ..

1
35 15
, a <1.
>
2
21 21

35

( )

( ) ( )

3
1

0,75

1
26
437. ) 810,75 + 1 3 1 5 = 34
3 = 2 ;
+ 5 3 3 2 5 5 =

125

) 0,001 3

2
(2) 2 64 3

16

0,75

) 27 3 +
) (0,5)
2

(3 )

3
2

625

( )

2 2

1
1
8 3

0, 25

3
2

4
1

103 3 2 2 2 4 (23 ) 3

( ) + (2 )

250,5 = 33
1
2
4

1
2

27

( ) =( )

+ 90
1
15
+1= 7
=6 .
16
16

= 10 2 2 2 4
2

32

2
3

( )

4 0,75

52

0,5

+1 =

= 32 + 23 5 = 12;

( ) ( )
4

0, 25

+ 19( 3)3 = 21 54

19 33 = 24 5 3 3 23

27

19
8 19
= 11

= 11 1 = 10.
27
27 27

438.
)

a 1
3
a4

1
a2

a +4a
a +1

1
a4

( a 1)( a + 1) a
+1=
3
a4

1
a2

3
4

+ a2
a +1

+1= a 1+1= a;

)
1

4 3 4

2
1 2 x x + 1 x x x + 2 x + x 2
x x 1 + x
=
=
1

+
+

1 x 4 x
1 x
x
x x
x x

2 2

StudyPort.ru
=x

x+2 x

+1 2

x +1

1
x2

1
2

x +1

1 1
1 2
1 1
2

a 3 a 3 3b 3 a 3 + 3a 3 b 3 + 9b 3

1 33 b 3 a 2 =
) 2
:
1 1
2
2
1 1
2
a

a 3 + 3a 3 b 3 + 9b 3
a 3 + 3a 3 b 3 + 9b 3
4
a3

1
27a 3 b

a3

1
1

a 3 3b 3

36

1 1
1
1

a 3 a 3 3b 3 a 3

2
2
2

3 = a 3 a 3 = 0;
3 a2 =

a
1
1

3 3b 3
a


m2 + 4
1
3
m+ 2 m +2 2

2
2

m
1 + 1 = m m 2 + 2 m 4

2
m
2
m + 2 m m 2 + 2

)(

)(

m 2m + 2
= 2 m+ 2 m m 2 +2 = 2.

2
2m
m
m + 2 m 2 m 2 + 2 2m

439. )

)(

5
23 2 7

17 5 3
2 ax =
8
2

1
a7

3
x7

2 1 3
2
2 7 a7 x7 ;
3

19

) 3 a 2 4 a = a 3 a 12 = a 4 ; ) 7 b3 4 b = b 7 b 4 = b 28 ;
3

1
) 4 273 x = 31 3 4 x 12 = 3 4 x 12 .
3

440. ) 3 5
) 2b

2
3

3
5

= 8 b

( )

441. ) 3

5
6

=3

( )

) 3600 = 36

100

=3

= 35 2 3 = 5

8
b

1 2
) b 3 c 7

5
12 , 3 31 4

15

243 5 3
a15
= 30 ; ) a 4 : b 5 = a 20 b 20 = 20 8 ;
8
8
b

7
21
b

6
21
c

=
5

1
= 3 3 3 12 = 3 12 ;
3

( )

= 729100 , 5400 = 54

100

21 7 6

b c .

( 3)

5
6

= 3 31 4

1
;
3

= 625100 ;

729100 > 625100 , .. 3600 > 5400 ;


1
)
2

5
7

5
27 ,

3
2 14

5
= 27 ;

1

2

5
7

= 2 214 ;

StudyPort.ru
2

( )

( )

10

10

) 730 = 73 = 34310 , 440 = 44 = 25610 ; 34310 > 25610 , .. 730 > 440.
442. ) , .. a < 0;

) ( 2) 4 =
2
) 5 3

( 2)

1
;
16

= 53 = 125 ;

) , .. x < 0.

443. ) x + 1 > 0 x > -1, D y = (x + 1) x = ( 1; );

3
) x 5

x 0, D y = x 5 = [0; );
37

) x

3
4

x > 0, D y = x

3
4

= (0; );

) x 5 0 x 5, D y = (x 5) 3 = [5; ).

444.
6

1

) a 6 = a 0;

( )

) a8

1
8

= a =

1
= 1;
a

( )

) a 4

1
4

= a = a 0;
10

( )

3
1
a 0, 7 7

7 7

= a 10 = a = a

= 0.

10.
35.
445.
) y = 4x; D(y) = R, E(y) = (0;), y(x) R;
y(0) = 1, y(1) = 4;

StudyPort.ru
) y = 0,2x; D(y) = R, E(y) = (0;), y(x) R; y(-1)=5, y(0)= 1;

) y = 0,7x; D(y) = R, E(y) = (0;), y(x) R;


y(0) = 1, y(1) = 0,7;
38

) y = 2,5x; D(y) = R, E(y) = (0;), y(x) R;


y(0) = 1, y(1) = 2,5.

446. ) -2x < 0 x R: E(y = -2x) = (-;0);


1

) + 1 > 1 x R: E y = + 1 = (1; );

3
3

1
1
) < 0 x R: E y = = (;0);

4
4

) 5x 2 > -2 x R: E(y = 5x 2) = (-2;).


4
447. )
7

5
2

7
=
4

5
2

5
7
> 0 >1 ;
2
4

StudyPort.ru
) 3

12

) 2,5
) 0,3

5
6

1
=
3

12

= 0,4

1
<
3

> 1 ..

2,8

1
, .. 12 > 2,8 < 1 ;
3

< 1, .. 2 > 0 0,4 < 1 ;

< 0,3 3 = 0,3 6 , .. 5 > 2 0,3 < 1.

448.

( )

) 2

) 8

: 23

( 2 ) = 2;

= 23

: 23

) 31 2
= 1;

91+

) 3

= 31 2
4

=3

32

32 + 2

= 33 = 27;

= 32 = 9.

39

449. ) a

) a

450.
)

a2

2a

b2

1 a 2

a4

3 3

+a

+ 1 a 3

2 5
3

y1,3 : 3 y 3

) y

) x 4 x 2 : x 4 = x x

= a;

+b

2 +1,3 2

=y

+1= a

2 4
4

= y1,3.

+b

+a

+ 1 a 2 3 + a

3 3 3
a a
1

= x2;

a2

+1=

a1

=a

= a5 ;

2 1

1

a

+ a3

1
=a

5
7
3 b 3

+a

+b

2 7
3

1 a

+ 1
=

+ 1;

5
3

7
3

2 5
3
+a
a

2 5
3

+a

5
7
3 b 3

5
7
3 b 3

+b

+b

2 7
3

2 7
3

StudyPort.ru
=a

5
3

7
3

4 xy = x 2 + 2 x y + y 2 4 x y =

(x

x 2 2 x y + y 2 =

+y

(x

451.
) 101,41 25,7; 101,42 26,3;
) 102,23 169,8; 102,24 173,8;
452. 1 < 2 < 2 10 < 10

= x y .

) 101,414 25,9; 101,415 26,0;


) 102,236 172,2; 102,237 172,6.

< 102 ;

1,41 < 2 < 1,42 101, 41 < 10

40

< 101, 42 ; 101, 41 25,7 101, 42 26,3;

1,414 < 2 < 1,415 101, 414 < 10


10

< 101, 415 ; 101,414 25,9 101, 415 26,0;

25,9 ; 2 < 5 < 3 10 2 < 10

2,23 < 5 < 2,24 10 2,23 < 10

< 103 ;

< 10 2,24 ; 102,23 169,8 102, 24 173,8;

2,236 < 5 < 2,237 10 2, 236 < 10


102, 237 172,6; 10

< 10 2, 237 ; 102, 236 172,2

172,4 .

453.

( )x

) 2 > 1 y = 2 R; 0 <

1
R;
< 1 y =

2
2

) 0 < 5 2 < 1 y = 5 2 R;
1
5 2

>1 y =

( 5 2)

R;

3
> 1 y = R; 0 < < 1 y = R;
3

) 0 < 3 7 < 1 y = 3 7 R;
1
3 7

>1 y =

(3 7 )

R.

454. ) 3x +1 3 = 3(3x 1), 3x > 0 x R 3(3x 1) > -3 x R;


x
E(y = 3x+1 3) = (-3;); ) y = 2 x 2 = 2 2x , x 1, y(1) = 0.
2 2 , x < 1.

StudyPort.ru
y(x) [1;) (-;1]; E(y = |2x 2|) = [0;);
1
2

x 1

1 x 1
1

+ 2 = 21 + , > 0 x R 21 + x > 2 x R;
2 2
2

4 x , x 0,
x +1

1
x

E y=
y(0) = 1. y(x) + 2 = (2; ); ) y = 4 = 1 x

2

, x < 0;

[0;) (-;0]; E y = 4 x = [1; ).

sin x

1
1
; -1 sinx 1,
2
2
1
min y ( x) = , max y ( x) = 2;
R
R
2

455. ) y =

sin x

1
; 2 ;
2

41

) y = 5 + 3 cos x ; 0 cos x 1 1 3 cos x 3 6 5 + 3 cos x 8;


min y ( x) = 6, max y ( x) = 8;
R

) y = 4

cosx

) y =

;-1cosx1

sin x

2;

1
1
4cos x 4 min y ( x) = , max y ( x) = 4;
R
4
4 R
1
3

1
3

0 |sinx| 1

sin x

2 1
1 1
3 3

sin x

2 1;

2
min y( x ) = 1 , max y( x ) = 1.
3 R
R

1
6

1
6

456. ) .. y = y(x)>1 x < 0 = 10 x < 0;


) .. y = 0,3x y(x) < 1 x > 0 0,3x = 0,1 x > 0;
) .. y = 10x y(x) > 1 x > 0 10x = 4 x > 0;
) y = 0,7x R y(x) > 1 x < 0 0,7x = 5 x < 0.
457.
) y = 3x R, y = 4 x R
. , (1;3)
x = 1.
1
2

) y = R,

StudyPort.ru
y = x + 3 R,

. ,
(-1;2), x = -1.
1
3

) y = R, y = x + 1 -

R,
.
(0;1), x = 0.
) y = 4x R, y = 5 x R,
.
D(1;4), x = 1 4x = 5 x.
42

458.
) y = 31-x R, y = 2x 1 R,
.
(1;1), x = 1.
) y = 4x + 1 R, y = 6 x
R, . (1;5), x = 1.

) y = 2x 2 R, y = 1 x
R, . B(1;0), x = 1.
) x (-;0) 3-x > 0,
, y =
3-x>0,

3
x

3
>0
x

y = 3-x

; x (0;)

3
< 0; ,
x
3
y = 3-x y =
x

StudyPort.ru

(-;0).
(-1;3), x = -1.

459.
) ; ) ; ) ; ) .

43

36.
1
3

460. ) 4x = 64 4x = 43 x = 3; ) = 27 3 x = 33 x = 3;
1
2

2
3

9
8

461. ) =

27
3
3
= x = 3;
64
4
4
3

) 8 x 3 = 3 42 x ; 2 2
13x = 35;

1
1 1
= x = 6.
64
2 2

) 3x = 81 3x = 34 x = 4; ) =

( x 3)

= 23

(2 x)

; 9 x 27 = 8 4 x ;

35
9
x=
=2 ;
13
13
x

) 2 x 3x = 36 6 x = 36 6 2 = 62 x = 4;
3
7

3 x +1

7
=
3

5 x 3

7

3

3 x 1

7
=
3

5 x 3

1
3 x 1 = 5 x 3 x = .
4

462. ) 36-x = 33x-2 6-x=3x 2 x = 2;


1
)
7

2 x 2 + x 0,5

7
1
=

7
7
x

) 3x = 9 3 2 = 32

2 x 2 + x 0,5

1 2
x = 1,
= 2x2 + x 0,5 = 0,5 1
7
x2 = 0,5;

x
= 2 x = 4;
2

StudyPort.ru
) 2 x

+ 2 x 0, 5

= 4 2 2x

+ 2 x 0, 5

x = 3,
= 22,5 x 2 + 2 x 0,5 = 2,5
x = 1.

463. ) 7x+2 + 47x+1 = 539 117x+1 = 539 7x+1 = 72 x = 1.


) 23x+1 3x = 15 63x 3x = 15 3x = 3 x = 1.
) 4x+1 + 4x = 320 54x = 320 4x = 43 x = 3.
) 35x+3+ 25x+1= 77 755x+1+ 25x+1= 77 5x+1= 50 x = -1.
464. ) 9x 83x 9 = 0 32x 83x 9 = 0 t2 8t 9 = 0
t = 1, 3x = 1 ,
3x = 9 x = 2;

x
t
=
9
;
3
=
9
;
2

(t = 3x) t > 0 1

) 100x 1110x+ 10 = 0 102x 1110x+ 10 = 0 t2 11t + 10 = 0


x
(t = 10x) t > 0 t1 = 1, 10x = 1, x1 = 0,
t2 = 10;

44

10 = 10;

x2 = 1.

) 36x 46x 12 = 0 62x 46x 12 = 0 t2 4t 12 = 0


6 x = 2 ,
t = 2,

6 x = 6 x = 1;
6 x = 6;
t2 = 6;

(t = 6x) t > 0 1

) 49x 87x + 7 = 0 72x 87x + 7 = 0 t2 8t + 7 = 0


t1 = 1,

t2 = 7;

(t = 7x) t > 0

7 x = 1,
x = 0,
1
x
7
7
;
=
x2 = 1.

2
x+ y
x+ y
x + y = 2,
x = 2 y, x = 3,
465. ) 4x + 2 y =1 16, x4+ 2 y 1= 4 ,0

= 1;

x + 2 y = 1;

=4 ;

y = 1;

y = 1.

63x y = 6 ,
63x y = 60,5 ,

3x y = 0,5,
y = 3x 0,5, x = 0,

) y 2x 1 y 2x 0,5

y
2
x
0
,
5
;
=
2
=
2
2
;

x = 0;
y = 0,5.

2 yx 1
32 y x = 3 4 ,
3
= ,
2 y x = 4,
y = 3,
x = 2,
)

81 x y + 2
3

+
=
=
+
x
y
2
3
;
x
y
1
;
3
3
;
=

y = 3.
x

y
+
2
3
= 27;
1 4 x y

) 5

= 25,

9x y
= 7;
7

1
3

5 y 4 x = 52 ,
y 4 x = 2,
5 x = 2,5,
x = 0,5,

9x y
0 ,5
9
x
y
0
,
5
;
y
4
x
2
;

=
=
+
7
7
;
=

y = 4.

466. ) 27 3 x 33 x 3 x 3;

( )

) 6

1
x
6 2 6 2 2 x 4;
36
2

StudyPort.ru
) 0,2 x

1
1
1
x 2;
25
5
5

) (1,5)x < 2,25 (1,5)x < 1,52 x < 2.

467. ) 45-2x 0,25 45-2x 4-1 5 2x -1 x 3;


) 0,37+4x > 0,027 0,37+4x > 0,33 7 + 4x < 3 x < -1;
) 0,42x+1>0,16 0,42x+1 > 0,42 2x + 1 < 2 x < 0,5;
) 32-x < 27 32-x < 33 2 x < 3 x > -1.
468.
) 3x+1 23x-2 = 75 33x 2 3x = 75
9

1
5

x1

1

5

x+1

7 x
3 = 75
9
x

3x = 27 x = 3;
x

4
1 1 1
1
1
= 4,8 5 = 4,8 4 = 4,8 = 1 x = 0;
5
5
5
5
5



5

45

1
2

x 3

) 5

1
+
2

x +1

1
1
1
= 162 40 + 0,5 = 162 40,5 = 162
2
2
2

1
= 4 x = 2;
2

) 5 9 x + 9 x 2 = 406 5 9 x +

1
1 x
9 = 406 9 x 5 = 406 9 x = 81 x = 2.
81
81

469. .. >0, .
2
3

) 2 x 2 = 3x 2
1
3

x 1

1 x

1
=
4

x 2

= 1 x 2 = 0 x = 2;

1

3

8
5

) 5 x +1 = 8 x +1

x 1

= 4 x 1 12 x 1 = 1 x = 1;

x +1

= 1 x = 1;

) 7 x 2 = 42 x (28)x 2 = 1 x 2 = 0 x = 2.
470. ) 3 x + 33 x = 12 3 x + 27 3 x = 12 t 2 12t + 27 = 0
t = 3,

t = 9;

) 4

x 2

t = 2

3 x = 3,

x
3 = 9;

x1 = 1,
x2 = 2 .

+ 16 = 10 2 x 2 2 2 x 2 10 2 x 2 + 16 = 0 t 2 10t + 16 = 0

x2

t = 2, 2

t
8
;
=

x2
x2

x 2 = 1,
x = 3,

x
2
3
;

=
x = 11.
= 8;

= 2,

StudyPort.ru
1 x

1
5

1
1
= 4,96 0,2
5

5

1
= 4,96
5

x
2
1 x
t = t > 0 t 2 + 4,96t 0,2 = 0 t = 5 , 1 = 1 x = 2.

5
t = 0,04

5 5

) 4 x 0,25 x 2 = 15 4 x 16 4 x = 15t t = 4 x

t>0

t = 1 ,
t 2 15t 16 = 0
4 x = 42 x = 2.
t = 16;

471.
5 x + y = 125,

x + y = 3,

y = 3 x,

) (x y )2 1
2
2
4
= 1; ( x y ) 1 = 0; (2 x 3) 1 = 0;

46

y = 3 x,

y = 3 x,

x1 = 1,
2 x 3 = 1;
x2 = 2;

x1 = 1,
y = 2;
1
x2 = 2,
y2 = 1.

y = 5 x,
x + y = 5,
y = 5 x,

x
y
5 x
= 80; 42 x 80 4 x + 1024 = 0;
4 + 4 = 80; 4 + 4

y = 5 x,

4 x = 64,
4 x = 16;

y = 5 x,

x1 = 3,
x2 = 2;

x1 = 3,
y = 2;
1
x2 = 2,
y2 = 3.

3 x + 3 y = 12,
y = 3 x,
x

x
x+ y
= 216;
3 + 27 3 = 12;
6

y = 3 x,
2x

x
3 12 3 + 27 = 0;

y = 3 x,
x
3 = 3,
3x = 9;

y = 3 x,

x1 = 1,
x2 = 2;

x1 = 1,
y = 2;
1
x2 = 2,
y2 = 1.

4 x + y = 128,
2( x + y ) = 27 , 2 x + 2 y = 7, 2 x + 2 y = 7, x = 2,
2

3 x 2 y 3
5
3x 2 y = 3;
5 x = 10;
y = 1,5.
= 1; 3x 2 y = 3;

1
2

472. ) 2 x >

2 x 3

2
x < 3,
2 x > 23 2 x x 2 + 2 x 3 > 0
x > 1.

: (; 3) (1;).

( 5)

x 2 + 3,75
5 2

StudyPort.ru
1
)
25

2x

<

x 2 + 3,75

4 x

<

4 x <

x 2 + 3,75

x 2 + 8 x + 3,75 > 0 . x (-; -7,5) (-0,5; +).

: [3; 1].
x2
1 2

) 34 x +3
9

10 x

1
4

< 64

2
x 3,
34 x + 3 3 x x 2 + 4 x + 3 0
x 1.

2
2 x2
3

410 x > 483 x 3 x 2 10 x 8 > 0

x< ,

: ; (4; ).
x > 4. 3
3

47

473.
2
3

2
3

x 1

2
2
> 2,5 2,5 > 2,5 > 1 x < 0;
3
3
7
) 22 x 1 + 22 x 2 + 22 x 3 < 448 22 x < 448 4 x < 64 8 4 x < 44,5 x < 4,5.
8

) +

4
3

x +1

)
) 3 x + 2

3
14
3
9
4
4
4 4
> > > >
3
16
3
3
16
3
16



3 3
28
+ 3 x 1 < 28
3 x < 28 3 x < 3 x < 1.
3

X > 2.

474. ) x 2 x 0 x (1 x ) 0 , .. > 0
x 0,

x 1 x 0;
x
1

0
;

1
3

2 x 1

1
10 3 x + 3 < 0 3
3

1 x 1
> ,
3
3

x
1
3 < 3;

2x

1
10 + 3 < 0
3

x < 1,
x > 1; (1; 1);

2 x > 4,
x > 2.
x
2 < 2;

) 4 x 2 x +1 8 > 0 2 2 x 2 2 x 8 > 0

2x

1 x
1,
1
6
5 6 0 x

6
1
6 6;

x

StudyPort.ru
1
1
5 6 x 6 0
36
6

1 1

6 6

x 1.

475.
) 2x 3 x; .. y = 2x , y = 3 x , ,
(1;2), 2x 3 x x 1;

48

1
3

) 2 x + 5; ..

1
y=
3

, y=2x+5 ,
1
3

(-1;3), 2 x + 5 x -1;

1
4

1
4

) 2 x + 1; .. y = , y=2x+1 ,
1
4

(0;1), 2x + 1 x0;

) 3x 4 x; .. y = 3x , y = 4 x ,
D(1;3), 3x 4 x x 1.

StudyPort.ru
37.

476.

) log3 9 = 2;

1
8

) log2 = -3;

) log4 16 = 2;

) log7 1 = 0;

) log32 2 =

) log5

1
25

= -2.

477.
) log9 3 =

1
;
2

1
;
5

1
3

) log3 = -1.

478.
) log27 9 =

2
;
3

) log32 8 =

3
;
5

) log81 27 =

3
;
4

) log12525 =

2
.
3

49

479.
) log3

1
81

= -4, 3-4 =

) log16 1 = 0, 160 = 1;

1
;
81

) log4 16 = 2, 42 = 16;
480.
) log5 0,04 = -2, 5-2 = 0,04;
) lg 0,01 = -2, 10-2 = 0,01;

) log5 125 = 3, 53 = 125.


) log7 343 = 3, 73 = 343;
) log3

1
243

= -5, 3-5 =

1
.
243

481.
) log

8 = 6,

( 2 ) = 8;
6

1
) log 1 9 = 2,

1
3

27 = 6,

= 27;

= 9;

) log

) log0,5 4 = -2, 0,5-2 = 4.


14

482. ) log 2

( )

14
, 2 2
3

128 =

14
3

33

= 2 2 = 128;

) log0,2 0,008 = 3, 0,23 = 0,008;


) log

0,2 = 2,

( 5)

= 0,2;

) log0,2 125 = -3, 0,2-3 = 53 = 125.

483.
1
8

1
1
5
2
1
1
) log216=4, log 2 = 2, log 2 2 = ;
4
2
1
1
) log3 27=3, log3 = 2, log3 3 = .
9
2

1
3

) log5 25 = 2, log5 = 1, log5 5 = ; ) log8 64 = 2, log8 = 1, log8 2 = ;

StudyPort.ru
484.

) log3 x = -1, x = 3-1 = 1 ;


3

) log5 x = 2, x = 5 = 125;

) log 1 x = 3, x = 1 = 63 = 216;
6

) log 7 x = 2, x = 7 2 =

485.
) log 4 x = 3, x = 43 =

1
;
64

) log 1 x = 1, x = 1 = 1 ;
7

50

) log

x = 0, x =

1
.
49

( 5 ) = 1;
0

) log 1 x = 3, x = 1 = 8.
2

486. ) logx 81 = 4, x4 = 34, x = 3;


) log x 1 = 2,
4

x 2 = 2 2 ,

) log x

2
1
1
1
= 2, x 2 = , x = ;
4
16
4

) logx 27 = 3, x3 = 33, x = 3.

x = 2;

1
2

1
2

487. ) log4 x=2, x=42 =16; log4 16 = 2; log4 x = , x = 4 2 = 2 : log 4 2 = ;


log4 x = 1, x = 41 = 4; log4 4 = 1; log4 x = 0, x = 40 = 1: log4 1 = 0;
1
3

1
3

) log3 x = 3, x = 33 = 27; log3 27 = 3; log3 x = -1, x = 3-1 = : log3 = 1;


1
log3 x = -3, x = 3-3 = 1 ; log3 = 3; log3 x = 1, x = 31 = 3; log3 3 = 1;
27

27

1
2

1
2

) log2 x = 3, x = 2 = 8; log2 8 = 3; log2 x = , x = 2 ; log 2 2 = ;


1
2

log2 x = 0, x = 20 = 1; log2 1 = 0; log2 x = -1, x = 2-1 = ; log 2 1 = 1;


2

1
1
) log5x = 1, x = 51 = 5; log5 5 = 1; log5 x = -2, x = 5-2 = ; log5 = 2;
25
25

log5 x = 0, x = 50 = 1: log5 1 = 0; log5 x = 3, x = 53 = 125: log5 125 = 3.


488.
log 11
) log 5, 2 = 5,2; ) 2log 2 5 = 5;
) 1,7log1, 7 2 = 2;
) 3,8 3,8 = 11.
489.
) 51+ log 5 3 = 5 5log 5 3 = 5 3 = 15;

) 101 lg 2 =

10
10lg 2

10
= 5;
2

StudyPort.ru
1+ log 1 2

1
7

1 1

7 7

log 1 2
7

1
2
2 = ;
7
7

) 32 log 3 18 =

log 3 18

9
1
= .
18 2

490.
) 4

2 log 4 3

1
)
2

= 4

4 log 1 3
2

log 4 3 2

1
=
2

= 3 = 9;

log 1 34
2

= 34 = 81;

) 5

3 log 5

1
2

1
log 5
5 2
2

1
=
2

) 6 2 log 6 5 = 6log 6 5 = 5 2 =

= 8;

1
.
25

2
2
2
2 2
2
2
5 3 3
491. ) log3 a b = log3 a 5 b15 = log3 a 5 + log3 b15 = log3 a + log3 b =
5
15

2
log3 b
= log3 a +
;
5
3

51

a10
) log3
6 5
b

0, 2

1
1

1
2 6
2
= log3 a b = log3 a + log3 b 6 = 2 log3 a + log3 b;
6

1
5

) log3 9a 4 5 b = log3 9 + log3 a 4 + log3 b 5 = 2 + 4 log3 a + log3 b;


) log3

b2

= log3 b 2 log3 27 log3 a 7 = 2 log3 b 3 7 log3 a.

27 a 7

1
2

3
2

1
2

492. ) lg100 ab3c = lg100 + lg a 2 + lg b 2 + lg c 2 = 2 + lg a + lg b + lg c =

=2+

1
3
lg(ac) + lg b ;
2
2
1

a5
= lg a 5 lg 0,1 lg c 2 lg b 2 = 5 lg a + 1 2 lg c 1 lg b;
0,1c 2 b
2

) lg

) lg 3 10 a 3 b 4c

1
2

1
1
1

3 + lg a 3 + lg b 4 + lg c 2 = 1 + 1 lg a + 4 lg b 1 lg c;
lg
10
=

3 3
2

) lg

0,01c 3
1
a 2 b3

= lg 0,01 + lg c 3 lg a 2 lg b3 = 2 +

2
1
lg c lg a 3 lg b.
3
2

493. ) lg103 a 4b 2 c3 = lg103 + lg a 4 + lg b 2 + lg c3 = 3 + 4 lg a + lg b 3 lg c;

1
2

StudyPort.ru
2

) lg

b3

5 6 5

10 a c

= lg b 3 lg105 lg a 6 lg c 5 =

2
lg b 5 6 lg a 5 lg c;
3

2
2

) lg10 4 a 2b5c 3 = lg10 4 + lg a 2 + lg b5 + lg c 3 = 4 + 2 lg a + 5 lg b + lg c;


3

2
7

4
c
= lg c 4 lg107 lg a 3 lg b8 = 7 lg c 7 2 lg a 8 lg b.

) lg
2

3
4
107 a 3 b8

494. ) log5 72 = log5 8 + log5 9 = 3 log5 2 + 2log5 3 = 3a + 2b;


) log5 15 = log5 5 + log5 3 = 1 + b;
) log5 12 = log5 22 + log5 3 = 2log5 2 + log5 3 = 2a + b;
) log5 30 = log5 2 + log5 3 + log5 5 = a + b + 1.
52

495. ) lg8+lg 125=lg(8125) = lg 103 = 3; ) log 2 7 log 2

7
= log 2 2 4 = 4;
16

) log12 4 + log12 36 = log12 122 = 2; ) lg13 lg 130 = lg 10-1 = -1.


496. )

lg 8 + lg 18 lg 144 2 lg 12
=
=
= 2;
2 lg 2 + lg 3 lg 12
lg 12

) log 3 16 = 2 log 3 4 = 2;
log 3 4

log 3 4

1
) log 2 11 log 2 44 = log 2 = 2;
4
9
) log0,3 9 2 log0,3 10 = log0,3
= log0,3 0,32 = 2.
100

497. ) 3 log6 2 + 0,5 log6 25 2 log6 3 = log6 8 + log6 5 log6 9 = log6


log6 x = log6

40
;
9

40
4
,x = 4 ;
9
9

2 c4
a
1
(
5
)
3
4
) lg 5a 3 lg b + 4 lg c = lg(5a) 2 lg b + lg c = lg

2
b3

1
1

4
2 c4
2
(
5
)
a
(5 a ) c
;
x=
lg x = lg
,

b3
b3

2
1
5 3

1
m
n
2
) 5 lg m + lg n lg p = lg m 5 + lg n 3 lg p 4 = lg
1

4
3
p4

StudyPort.ru
2

5 3
m
n
lg x = lg 1

p4

1
4

m5 n 3
, x =
;
1

p4

log4 216 2log4 10 + 4log4 3 = log4 6 log4 100 + log4 81 =


6 81
= log 4 4,86; log4 x = log4 4,86, x = 4,86.
100

= log 4
498.

1
1

log3 + 2 log3 + 1
log3 3
1
1
2
2

) log 1 3 + log3 + 2 =
=
+ log3 + 2 =
1
1
2
2
log3
log3
2
2
2

53

log3 + 1
2
< 0 , log 3 + log 1 < 2;
=
1
3
2
log3 2

) 4

log 5 7

log 5 4 log 5 7

= 5

= 5

) log3 7 + log7 3 2 = log3 7 +


=

(log3 7 1)2
log3 7

log 5 7 log 5 4

= 7log 5 4 ;

log3 3
(log3 7 )2 2 log3 7 + 1 =
2=
log3 7
log3 7

> 0 , log 3 7 + log 7 3 > 2;

) 3log 2 5 = 2log 2 3

log 2 5

= 2log 2 5

log 2 3

= 5log 2 3.

38.
499. ) 10 5x > 0 x < 2; D(y) = (-;2);
x > 3,
D(y) = (-3;3);
x < 3;

) 9 x2 > 0

) x 4 > 0 x > 4; D(y) = (4;);


x > 4,
D(y) = (-;-4)(4;).
x < 4;

) x2 16 > 0
500.

x > 2,
D(y) = (-2; 3);
x < 3;

) 6 + x x2 > 0
)

StudyPort.ru
-2,5

2x + 5
> 0; D(y ) = (-;-2,5)(1;);
x 1

2,5

2 + 3x
2 + 3x
2

>0
< 0; D( y ) = ;2,5 . ;
5 2x
2x 5
3

) x2 2x 3 > 0 x < 1, D( y ) = (-;-1)(3;).


x > 3.

501.) log2 3,8 < log2 4,7, .. 3,8 < 4,7 2 > 1;
) log 1 0,15 > log 1 0,2, .. 0,15 < 0,2
3

1
<1;
3

) log3 5,1 > log3 4,9, .. 5,1 > 4,9 3 > 1;


) log0,2 1,8 > log0,2 2,1, .. 1,8 < 2,1 0,2 < 1.
54

502. ) log
) log

3 > 1 = log

1,9 > log

.. 3 >

2,5, .. 1,9 < 2,5

1
3

2 >1;
1
3

< 1;

) log 2,9 < 1 = log , .. 2,9 < > 1;


) log0,7 2 < log0,7 0,3, .. 2 > 0,3 0,7 < 1.
503. ) log2 10 > log2 8 = 3, log5 30 < log5 125 = 3 log2 10 > log5 30;
1
1
, log 5 3 > log 5 5 = log 0,3 2 < log 5 3;
2
2
) log3 5 > log3 3 = 1, log7 4 < log7 7 = 1 log3 5 > log7 4;
) log3 10 > log3 9 = 2, log8 57 < log8 64 = 2 log3 10 > log8 57.

) log0,3 2 < log0,3

0,3 =

504. ) y = log3 x; D(y) = (0;), E(y) = R, y(x) (0;);


y(1) = 0, y(3) = 1, y(9) = 2;

) y = log 1

x; D(y)

= (0;), E(y) = R, y(x) (0;);

1
y = 1, y(1)
2

= 0, y(2) = -1;

StudyPort.ru
) y = log4 x; D(y) = (0;), E(y) = R, y(x) (0;);
y(1) = 0, y(4) = 1, y(16) = 2;

) y = log 1 x; D(y) = (0;), E(y) = R, y(x) (0;);


3

1
y = 1, y(1)
3

= 0, y(3) = -1, y(9) = -2.

55

505. ) sinx>0 2k<x< + 2k, k Z; D(y) = (2k; + 2k/k Z);


) 2x 1 > 0 2x > 20 x > 0; D(y) = (0;);
) cos x > 0 + 2n < x <
2

+ 2n ,
2

n Z;

D( y ) = + 2n; + 2n nZ ;
2
2

) 1 3x > 0 3x < 30 x < 0; D(y) = (-;0).


506. ) log 2 2 sin
)

;
+ log 2 cos = log 2 sin
15
15
15

3
log4 3 7 2 3 + log4 3 49 + 3 21 + 3 9 = log4 3 7 3 3 72 + 3 7 3 + 3 3 =

= log 4 4 = 1;

) lg tg4 + lg ctg4 = lg (tg4ctg4) = lg 1 = 0;


) log 5 + 2 6 + log 5 2 6 = log (25 24 ) = log 1 = 0;

507. ) y = log3(x 2);

) y = log 1 x;
2

StudyPort.ru
) y = log2 (x + 1);

) y = log 1 x + 2.
3

56

508. ) log3 x=2log9 6 log9 12 log3 x = log9 3 log3 x =


) log 1 x = log0,2 35 2 log0,2 25 7 log 1 x = log0,2
2

x = 3;

35

625 7

1
log 1 x = log0, 2 0,008 log 1 x = 3 x = ;
8
2

)
1
log3 144 + log3 0,75 log5 x = log3 (12 0,75) log5 x = 2 x = 25;
2
64 25
1
1
log x = 2 x = 2 .
) log x = 3 log0,1 4 + 2 log0,11 log x = log0,1
16
2

log5 x =

509. ,
,
.
) lg x = 1 x; y = lgx y = 1 x
.(1;0), .. x = 1.

) log 1 x = x 4; y = x 4 y = log 1 x
3

.(3,-1), .. x = 3.

StudyPort.ru
) log 1 x = x 6;
5

y=x6 y = log 1 x .(5,-1), .. x=5.


5

57

) log2 x = 3 x; y = log2 x y = 3 x
.D(2;1), .. x = 2.

510. ) ; ) ; ) ; ) .
511.

D(f),
) f ( x) = log 1 x

max f ( x) = f (1) = 0,
[1; 4]

min f ( x) = f (4) = 1;
[1;4]

) f(x) = log9 x D(f)


1
min f ( x) = f = 1, max f ( x) = f (9) = 1;
1
1
9
;9
9

;9
9

) f(x) = log5 x D(f)


1
min f ( x) = f = 1, max f ( x ) = f ( x ) = 0;
1
5
;1

1
;1
5

) f(x) = log 1 x D(f)


2

1
max f ( x ) = f = 1, min f ( x) = f (4) = 2.
1
2
;4

1
;4
2

StudyPort.ru
2

39.

512. ) 9x = 0,7 log9 9x = log9 0,7 x = log9 0,7;


) (0,3)x = 7 log0,3 (0,3)x = log0,3 7 x = log0,3 7;
) 2x = 10 log2 2x = log2 10 x = log2 10;
) 10x = lg10x = lg x = lg.

513. ) log5 x=2x=52x = 25; ) log0,4 x = -1 x=(0,4)-1 x = 2,5;


1
2

) log9 x = x = 9

1
2

1
2
x = . ; ) lgx = 2 x = 10 x = 100.
3

1
2

514. ) log 1 (2 x 4) = 2 2 x 4 =
2

58

2 x 4 = 4 x = 4;

x = 3,
x = 1.

) log (x2+2x+3)=log6x2 + 2x + 3 = 6 x2 + 2x 3 = 0
) log0,3(5 + 2x) = 1 5 + 2x = 0,3 x = -2,35.
) log2(3 x) = 0 3 x = 1 x = 2.
515. ) (0,2)4-x = 3 4 x = log0,2 3 x = 4 log0,2 3.
2

) 5 x = 7 x 2 = log5 7 x = log5 7 .
1
3

) 32 3 x = 8 2 3 x = log 3 8 x = (2 log3 8).


1
2

) 7 2 x = 4 2 x = log 7 4 x = log 7 4.
516. ) log3 x > 2 log3 x > log3 9 x > 9.
x < 25,
: (0;25).
x > 0.

) log0,5 x > -2 log0,5 x > log0,5 25

) log0,7 x < 1 log0,7 x < log0,7 0,7 x > 0,7.


x < 6,25,
: (0;6,25).
x > 0.

) log2,5 x < 2 log2,5 x < log2,5 6,25

x 2 < 16, x < 18,

x 2 > 0;
x > 2.
) log 1 (3 2 x) > 1 ; log 1 (3 2 x) > log 1 3 3 2 x < 3 x > 0.

517. ) log4(x 2) < 2log4(x 2) < log416


3

) log5(3x + 1) > 2 log5(3x + 1) > log5 25 3x + 1 > 25 x > 8.


) log 1 (4 x + 1) < 2 log 1 (4 x + 1) < log 1 49 4 x + 1 > 49 x > 12.
7

StudyPort.ru
518. ) logax=2loga 3+loga 5 logax=loga45 x = 45 a > 0 a 1.
) lg(x 9) + lg(2x 1) = 2

( x 9)(2x 1) = 100, 2x2 19x 91 = 0, x = 3,5 ,

x > 9,
x = 13;
x = 13.
x 9 > 0,
2x 1 > 0;
x > 0,5;
x > 9.

) loga x = loga 10 loga 2 loga x = loga 5 x = 5 a > 0 a 1.


) log3(x + 1) + log3(x + 3) = 1
( x + 1)(x + 3) = 3, x2 + 4x + 3 = 3,

x( x + 4) = 0;
x > 1,

x + 1 > 0,
x > 1;
x + 3 > 0;
x > 3;

x = 4 ,

x = 0;
x = 0.
x > 1.

59

519. )

1
1
log 2 ( x 4) + log 2 (2 x 1) = log 2 3
2
2

x = 0,5 ,
( x 4)(2 x 1) = 9, 2

x 4 > 0,
2 x 9 x 5 = 0, x = 5;
x=5.
x > 4;
2 x 1 > 0;
x > 4;

) lg(3x2 + 12x + 19) lg(3x + 4) = 1


3 x 2 + 12 x + 19
= 10,

3 x 2 + 12 x + 19 = 30 x + 40,
3 x 2 18 x 21 = 0,
3x + 4

2
3 x + 12 x + 19 > 0,

4
4

;
x
x> ;
>

3 x + 4 > 0;

3
3

x = 7,
x = 1;
x = 7,


x = 1.
x > 4 ;

) lg(x2 + 2x 7) lg(x 1) = 0
x 2 + x 6 = 0,
x 2 + 2 x 7 = x 1,

x = 3,

x < 1 2 2 ,

x 2 + 2 x 7 > 0,

x = 2;
x = 2.
x 1 > 0;
x > 1 + 2 2 ;
x > 1 + 2 2 ;

x > 1;

) log5(x2 + 8) log5(x + 1) = 3log5 2


x2 + 8
x = 0,
2

x = 0,
x + 1 = 8, x 8 x = 0, x = 8;
x = 8.
x > 1;
x + 1 > 0;
x > 1;

StudyPort.ru
520.

) log24 x + log4 x 1,5 = 0 log24 x + 0,5 log4 x 1,5 = 0 log4 x = 1,5, x = 8 ,


log4 x = 1;

x = 4.

) lg2 xlg x2+1=0lg2 x2lg x+1=0(lg x1)2=0lg x=1, x = 10.

) log52 x log5 x = 2 log52 x log5 x 2 = 0 log5 x = 1, x = 5 ,


log5 x = 2;

) log32 x 2 log3 x 3 = 0 log3 x = 1, x = 3 ,


log 3 x = 3;

x = 27.

521.
) x + y = 7,

lg x + lg y = 1;

60

y = 7 x,

lg x + lg(7 x) = lg 10;

x = 25.

y = 7 x,
x(7 x) = 10,

x > 0,
7 x > 0;

y = 7 x,
x 2 7 x + 10 = 0,

x > 0,
x < 7;

y = 7 x,

x1 = 2,
x2 = 5;

x1 = 2,
y = 5;
1
x2 = 5,
y2 = 2;

log 4 ( x + y ) = log 4 16,


x + y = 16,
log3 ( xy ) = log3 63,
xy = 63,
+
=
log
(
)
2
,
x
y

4
)

+
=
+
log
log
2
log
7
;
x
y
>
0
,
x
3
3
3

x > 0,
y > 0;
y > 0;
y = 16 x,
x1 = 7,
y = 16 x,
y = 16 x,
x = 7,
y = 9;

2
1
x(16 x) = 63,
x 16 x + 63 = 0,

x2 = 9; 1
x2 = 9,
x > 0,
x > 0,
x > 0,
y2 = 7.
y > 0;
y > 0;
y > 0;

y = 34 x,
y = 34 x,
log ( x)(34 x) = log 2 64,
log 2 xy = log 2 64,
x
y
+
=
34
,

log 2 x + log 2 y = 6;
x > 0,
x > 0,
y > 0;
y > 0;
y = 34 x,
y = 34 x,
x 2 34 x + 64 = 0,
x = 2,

x > 0,
x2 = 32;
x > 0, y > 0;
y > 0;

x1 = 2,
y = 32;
1
x2 = 32,
y2 = 2.

x = y,
y = x,
log4 x log4 y = 0, 2

2
2
5
4
0
,

+
=

x
y

4 4 x = 0,
2
2
x 5 y + 4 = 0;
x > 0, y > 0;
x > 0, y > 0;

y = x,

x = 1,
x1 = 1 ,
y = 1.
x2 = 1;
x > 0, y > 0;

StudyPort.ru
522. )

1
6
lg x + 5 + 6 lg x + 6 (lg x + 1)(lg x + 5)
+
=1
=0
lg x + 1 lg x + 5
(lg x + 1)(lg x + 5)

lg x = 2,
2
lg x = 3;

x
x
lg

lg

6
=
0
,

lg 2 x lg x 6
x = 0,01,

= 0 lg x 1,
lg x 1, 1
(lg x + 1)(lg x + 5)
x2 = 1000.
lg x 5;
lg x 5;

15
x
15
) log 2 =

log 2 x 2 =
log 2 x 4
4 log x 1
2
8

61

(log 2 x 2)(log 2 x 4) 15 = 0 log 22 x 6 log 2 x 7 = 0


log 2 x 4

log 2 x 4

2
log 2 x 6 log2 x 7 = 0,
log 2 x 4;

log 2 x = 1,

log 2 x = 7;
log 2 x 4;

x1 = 0,5,
x2 = 128.

2 lg x lg(5 x 4)
2 lg x
=0
=1
lg(5 x 4)
lg(5 x 4)

x2

x2
= 1,

= 0,
lg
x 2 5 x + 4 = 0,
5x 4
5x 4

lg(5 x 4) 0, x > 0,8;


x > 0,8;

x > 0,
5 x 4 1;
x 1;

5 x 4 > 0;

x1 = 1 ,
x = 4;
2
x > 0,8,
x = 4;
x 1;

1
5
lg x + 2 + 5 lg x 30 (lg x 6 )(lg x + 2)
)
+
=1
=0
(lg x 6)(lg x + 2)
lg x 6 lg x + 2
lg x = 2,
lg2 x 10 lg x + 16 = 0, lg x = 8;

lg x 10 lg x + 16

= 0 lg x 6,
lg x 6,
(lg x 6)(lg x + 2)
lg x 2;
lg x 2;

x1 = 100,

8
x2 = 10 .

StudyPort.ru
523.
) log a x = log

2 + log 1 3 log a x = log a 4 log a 3 ;


a

4
4
log a x = log a x = a > 0, a 1;
3
3

3 6 log24 x + 7 log4 x
7
log4 2
log4 x + = 0,
7

= 0,

) logx 2 log4 x + = 0 log4 x

6
6 log4 x
6
x 1, x > 0;
x 1, x > 0;

1
log 4 x = ,
3
2

6 log 4 x 7 log 4 x 3 = 0,
3
x 1, x > 0;
log 4 x = 2 ;
x 1, x > 0;

62

x1 = 3 ,
4

x2 = 8;

) log3 x 2 log 1 x = 6 log3 x 2 log3 x = 6 ; log3 x = 2 x = 9;


3

) log 25 x + log5 x = log 1 8 log5 x + 2 log5 x + 2 log5 8 ;


5

1
1
log5 x = log5 x = .
2
2

524. ) log2(9 2x) = 3 x 23-x = 9 2x 2x + 82-x 9 = 0


x
22x 92x + 8 = 0 2 x = 1, x = 0,
x = 3;
2 = 8;

) log2(25

x+3

1)=2+log2(5x+3+1) log2(52x 56 1) = log2(45x+3 + 4)

15625 52 x = 500 5 x + 5,

15625 52 x > 1;

3125 52 x 100 5 x 1 = 0,

x
25 > 253 ;

5 x = 0,008 ,

x = 2;
5 x = 0,04;

x > 3;

x2

) log4(24x-21) =2x4 2 4 x 2 1 = 4
2 4

2x4

1 > 0;

1
1
42 x 4 x + 1 = 0,
256

8
2( x 2 )
> 21;
2

2
2
x
x
4 16 = 0, 4 = 4 , x = 2.
2 x 4 > 1;
x > 1,5;

) log2(4x+4)=log2 2x+log2(2x+1 3) log2(4x + 4) = log2(24x 32x)


2 2 x 3 2 x 4 = 0,
4 x + 4 = 2 4 x 3 2 x ,

x +1
x 3

2
3 > 0;
2 > 2 ;

StudyPort.ru
2 x = 1 ,
x

2 = 4;
2 x = 4 x = 2.
3
x
2 > 2 ;

525.

2 x 3 > x + 1,

) lg(2x 3) > lg(x + 1) 2 x 3 > 0,


x + 1 > 0;

x > 4,

x > 1,5, : (4;).


x > 1;

2 x 4 < x + 1,

) log0,3(2x 4) > log0,3(x + 1) 2 x 4 > 0,


x + 1 > 0;

x < 5,

x > 2,
x > 1.

: (2;5).
63

x > 2 3 ,
1
3 x 7 > 0,

x > 2 ,

) lg(3x 7) lg(x + 1) x + 1 > 0,


x > 1,
2
x 4.
3 x 7 x + 1;
x 4;

x > 3,
4 x 7 > x + 2,
3

) log0,5(4x 7) < log0,5(x + 2) 4 x 7 > 0,


x > 1 , x > 3.
4

x + 2 > 0;
x > 2;

526. ) log0,5 x > log2(3 2x) log 2 1 > log 2 (3 2 x )


x

1 3x + 2 x 2
0 < x < 0,5,
2( x 0,5)( x 1)
1
> 0, x > 1;
> 0,
x > 3 2 x,
x
x

x > 0,
x > 0,

x > 0,
x > 0,
x < 1,5;
x < 1,5;
x < 1,5;
3 2 x > 0;

0 < x < 0,5,

1 < x < 1,5.

: (0;0,5)(1;1,5).

) log(x + 1) + log x < log 2


log x( x + 1) < log 2, x 2 + x 2 < 0, x > 2,

x < 1, : (0;1).
x + 1 > 0,
x > 1,
x < 1,
x > 0.
x > 0;
x > 0;
x > 0;

lg x( x 1) < lg 6,

) lg x + lg(x 1) < lg6 x > 0,

x 1 > 0;

x 2 x 6 < 0,

x > 0,

x > 1;

StudyPort.ru
x > 2,

x < 3,
x < 3,
x > 1.
x > 1;

: (1;3).

x2 x 12 < 8,

x2 x 12 > 0;

) log2(x2 x 12) < 3 log2(x2 x 12) < log2 8


x > 4,
x 2 x 20 < 0,
x < 5;

4 < x < 3,
x < 3,

3
,
<

4 < x < 5.
x > 4;

x > 4;

: (-4;-3)(4;5).

527. ) log 22 x log 2 x 6 log 22 x log 2 x 6 0


1

1
log x 2, x ,
2

4 : ;8.
log 2 x 3;
4
x 8.

64

1
log 1 x > 2,
log 1 x > log 1 9 , x < ,

2
3
9
3
) log 1 x 4 > 0

3
log 1 x < 2; log x < log 9;
x
>
9
;

1
1
3

x
>
0
.
3

3
3

: 0;

1
(9; ).
9

x > 10,
lg x > 1,

x < 0,001;
lg x < 3; x > 0.

) lg2 x + 2 lg x > 3 lg2 x +2lg x 3 > 0


: (0;0,001)(10;).

x 27,
log3 x log3 27,

1
log3 x 3,
x90

,
1 x
;
log3 x log3
27
log3 x 3;
27

x > 0.
1

: ;27.
27

) log32

x 1
sin < ,
1
x
x

528. ) log 2 sin < 1 log 2 sin < log 2 2 2


2
2
2

sin x > 0;
2
x

2n; + 2n
+ 2n; + 2n ;
2
6
6

x 4n; + 4n
+ 4n; 2 + 4n ;
3
3

StudyPort.ru
3 log 2 x < 2,

3 log 2 x > 2;

) 3 log 2 x < 2

log 2 x > log 2 2,


log x < log 32;
2
2

x > 2,
x < 32.

: (2;32).

) log 1 cos 2 x > 1 log 1 cos 2 x > log 1


2

1
cos 2 x < ,

2
2
cos 2 x > 0;



2 + 2k < 2 x < 3 + 2k , 4 + k < x < 6 + k ,

+ 2k < 2 x < + 2k , k Z ; + k < x < + k , k Z .


4
2
6
3

+ k ; + k + k ; + k , k Z .
4
6
4
6

65

x < 10,

1
lg x < 1,

) 3 lg x 1 < 2 3 lg x 1 < 2,
1 x > 10 3 ,
3 lg x 1 > 2; lg x > ; x > 0.
3

;10 .

10
1

: 3
529.

1
2x = 9 ,

x+ y= ,
9
log 1 ( x + y) = 2, log ( x + y) = log 1 ,

9
1
8

1
) 3
9 x y = 9, 2 y = 8 ,

3
3
9

log3 ( x y) = 2;
log ( x y) = log 9;
x + y > 0,
3
3
x + y > 0,
x y > 0;

x y > 0;

x=4 ,

4
y = 4 ;

x1 = 6,
lg( x 2 + y 2 ) = lg100,
x 2 + y 2 = 100,
y = 8;

log 48 xy = log 48 48, xy = 48,


1
x2 = 8,
log 48 x + log 48 y = 1; x > 0, y > 0;
x > 0, y > 0;
y2 = 6.

log 1 x + log 1 y = 2,
log 1 x = 3,
1

x =
,
3
) 3
3

27
x
y
y
log

log
=
4
;
log
=

1
;
1
1
1
y = 3;
3
3
3

2
2
) lg( x + y ) = 2,

lg( x 2 + y 2 ) = lg 130,
x 2 + y 2 = 130,
x+ y
2
2

) lg( x + y ) = 1 + lg 13,
x + y = 8 x 8 y,
= lg 8,
lg
+
=

+
x
y
x
y
lg(
)
lg(
)
lg
8
;
x
y

x + y > 0,
x y > 0;
x + y > 0, x y > 0;

StudyPort.ru
2 49 2
x 2 = 81,
x + 81 x = 130,
x1 = 9,

7
y = 7 ;

y = 9 x, 1
y = x,
9
x2 = 9,
x + y > 0,

y2 = 7.

x + y > 0,
x y > 0;
x y > 0;

530.

y = 4 2x,
2x + y = 4,
32x+ y = 34 ,
3y 9x = 81,

2
2
2
(
x
y
)
9
x
,

+
=
(4 x) = 9x,

(x + y)
lg(x + y)2 lg x = 2 lg3; lg
= lg9; x > 0;
x > 0;
x

y = 4 2 x,

x 2 17 x + 16 = 0,
x > 0;

66

y = 4 2 x,

x1 = 1,
x2 = 16;

x1 = 1,
y = 2;
1
x2 = 16,
y2 = 28.

x + y = 5,
x + y = 5,
lg( x 2 y 2 ) = lg 20,
2
2
101+ lg( x + y ) = 50,
)

x y = 20,
lg( x + y ) + lg( x y ) = 2 lg 5;
x + y > 0,
x + y > 0,
x y > 0;
x y > 0;
2 x = 9,
x + y = 5,
2 y = 1,
x y = 4,
x = 4,5,

+
>
+
>
x
y
0
,
x
y
0
,
y = 0,5;

x y > 0;
x y > 0;
3 x 2 y = 576,
3 x 2 y = 576,
)

log 2 ( y x) = 4; log 2 ( y x) = log

x x + 4 = 576,
3 2

y = 4 + x;

6 x = 36,

y = 4 + x;

3 x 2 y = 576,

y x = 4,

4
;
2
y x > 0;

x = 2,
y = 6;

3
x
2x 3y = 0,
13x = 117,
lg y = lg 2 ,
3x + 2 y = 39, 13y = 78,
lg x lg y = lg15 1,
x = 9,
3x + 2 y = 39;

) lg(3x+2 y)
>
>
x
0
,
x
0
,
= 39;
y = 6.
10
x > 0, y > 0;

>
>
y
0
;
y
0
;

40.
531. ) f(x) = 2x + 1; D(f) = E(f) = R; y = 2x + 1, x =
g ( x) =

y 1
;
2

x 1
f(x); D(g) = E(g) = R;
2

StudyPort.ru
1
2

1
2

) f(x) = x - 1; D(f) = E(f) = R; y = x 1, x = 2y + 2;

g(x) = 2x + 2 f(x); D(g) = E(g) = R;


) f(x) = -2x + 1; D(f) = E(f) = R; y = -2x + 1, x =

g(x) =

1 x
2

) f(x) =

1 y
;
2

f(x); D(g) = E(g) = R;

1
x 1; D(f)
2

= E(f) = R; y =

1
x 1, x
2

= -2y 2;

g(x) = -2x 2 f(x); D(g) = E(g) = R.


532. ) f ( x ) =
g(x)

1
=
x

1
; D(f)
x

= E(f) = (-;0)(0;); y = 1 , x = 1 ;
x

f(x); D(g) = E(g) = (-;0)(0;);

) f(x) = 2x2(x 0); D(f) = E(f) = [0;); y = 2x2, x = y ;


2

67

x
f(x); D(g) = E(g) = [0;);
2
2
x
) f ( x) =
=1
; D(f) = (-;-2)(-2;), E(f) = (-;1)(1;);
x+2
x+2

g(x) =

y=

x
2y
,x =
; g(x)
x+2
1 y

2x
1 x

f(x);

D(g) = E(f) = (-;1)(1;), E(g) = D(f) = (-;-2)(-2;);


) f(x) = x + 1; D(f) = [-1;), E(f) = [0;); y = x + 1, x = y2 1;
g(x) = x2 1 f(x); D(g)=E(f)=[0;), E(g)=D(f) = [-1;).
533.
) f(x) = 2x3 + 1; y = 2x3 + 1, x = 3
g ( x) = 3

y 1
;
2

x 1
f(x);
2

) f(x) = (x + 1)2, x (-;-1]; y = (x + 1)2, x = -1 y ;


g(x) = -1

f(x);

) f(x) = -2x3 + 1; y = -2x3 + 1,


x=3

1 y
;
2

StudyPort.ru
g(x) = 3

1 x
f(x);
2

) f(x) = (x 1)2, x [1;); y = (x 1)2, x = 1 +

g(x) = 1 +

68

f(x).

y;

534.
) g(-2)= -4, g(1) = 0,5, g(3) = 1,5;
D(g) = [-2;8], E(g) = [-4;4];

) g(-2) = 1, g(1) = -1, g(3) = -3;


D(g) = [-6;4], E(g) = [-4;3];

) g(-2) = -2, g(1) = -0,5, g(3) = 1;


D(g) = [-6;7], E(g) = [-4;5];

) g(-2) = 4, g(1) = 0, g(3) = -1;


D(g) = [-3;7], E(g) = [-3;5].

535. ) f(x) = x2 + 1, x 0; .. f(x) (-;0], (-; 0]


g(x), f(x); y = x2 + 1, x = y 1;
g ( x ) = x 1 , D(g)

= [1;), E(g) = (-;0];

StudyPort.ru
) f(x) = 2x, (-;); .. f(x) R, R g(x),
f(x); y = 2x, x =

1
y;
2

1
2

g(x) = x, D(g) = E(g) = R;

69

) f(x) = 4 x , x 0; .. f(x) [0;), [0; +)


g(x), f(x); y = 4 x , x = y 4 ;
g(x) = x4, D(g) = [0,), E(g) = [0;);

) f(x) = x3 + 1, (-;); .. f(x) R, R


g(x), f(x); y = x3 + 1, x = 3 y 1; g(x) = 3 x 1, D(g) = E(g) = R.

536.

) f(x) = sinx, x ; ; .. f(x) ; ,


2 2
2 2

2 ; 2 g(x), f(x);

y = sin x, x = arcsin y; g(x) = arcsin x, D(g) = [-1;1], E(g) = ; ;


2 2

StudyPort.ru


2 2


2 2

) f(x) = tgx, x ; ; .. f(x) ; ,


2 2

x ; g(x), f(x);

70


2 2

y = tg x, x = arctg y; g(x) = arctg x, D(g) = R, E(g) = ; ;

) f(x) = cos x; .. f(x) x [0;], [0;]


g(x), f(x);
y = cos x, x = arccos y; g(x) = arccos x, D(g) = [-1;1], E(g) = [0;];

) f(x) = ctgx, x (0;);


.. f(x) (0;), (0;) g(x), f(x);
y = ctg x, x = arcctg y; g(x) = arcctg x, D(g) = R, E(g) = (0;).

StudyPort.ru
11.

41.

537. ) ln3 1,0986, ln5,6 1,7228, ln1,7 0,5306;


) ln8 2,0794, ln17 2,8332, ln1,3 0,2624;
) ln2 0,6931, ln35 3,3551, ln1,4 0,3365;
) ln7 1,9459, ln23 3,1355, ln1,5 0,4055.
538.

) y`= 4e x + 5 = 4e x ;

) y`= (2 x + 3e x ) = 2 3e x ;
71

1
2

1
2

) y`= (5e x x 2 ) = 5e x 2 x.

) y`= 3 e x = e x ;

539. ) y`= (e x cos x) = e x (cos x sin x); ) y`= (3e x + 2 x ) = 3e x + 2 x ln 2;


) y`= (3x 3x 2 ) = 3x ln 3 6 x; ) y`= ( x 2e x ) = xe x (2 + x).
540. ) f`(x) = (e-x)`= -e-x, f(0) = 1, f`(0) = -1; y = 1 x;
) f`(x) = (3x)` = 3xln3, f(1) = 3, f`(1) = 3ln3;
y = 3 + 3ln3(x 1) = 3ln3x + 3(1 ln3);
) f`(x) = (ex)` = ex, f(0) = 1, f`(0) = 1; y = 1 + x;
) f`(x) = (2-x)` = -2-xln2, f(1) =
y=

1
, f`(1)
2

ln 2
;
2

1 1
1
1
ln 2( x 1) = ln 2 x + (1 + ln 2) .
2 2
2
2

541.
) f(x) = 23x, F(x) = 2

) f(x) = 5ex, F(x) = 5ex + C;


) f(x) = 4x, F(x) =
1

542. ) 0,5 x dx =
0

4x
+ C;
ln 4

1
2

3x
+ C;
ln 3
1
2

) f ( x) = e x + 1, F ( x) = e x + x + C.

0,5 x 1
0,5
1
0,5
1
|=

=
=
;
ln 0,5 0 ln 0,5 ln 0,5
ln 0,5 2 ln 2
1

x 1

) e 2 x dx = e 2 x | = e 2 = ; ) 2 x dx = 2 | = 2 1 = 7 ;
2
2 2
ln 2 2 ln 2 4 ln 2 4 ln 2
0 2
2
0
x 2
2
) 3 x dx = 3 | = 9

9 3 1

StudyPort.ru
ln 3

543.

ln 3

3 ln 3

( )

3 ln 3

2
2
2
2

x
x
x x
x 1 2
x
) y`= e x sin = e x sin x 2 + e x cos = 2 xe x sin + e x cos =

2 2

x 1
x

= e x 2 x sin + cos ;
2
2
2

x
x
x

) y`= 7 2 tg 3x = 7 2 ln 7 x tg 3x + 7 2 12 (3x ) =

cos 3x
2

ln 7 2
3
3
ln 7
7 tg 3x +
7 2 = 7 2
tg 3 x +
;
2
cos 2 3 x
cos 2 3 x
2

72

) y`= e

cos 2 x = e

cos 2 x

2 x

2e

cos 2 x

( x ) e

sin 2 x (2 x ) =

x cos 2 x

sin 2 x = e

2 x 2e

sin 2 x ;

x
=
x 3
3
3

sin 2
3

x
x
2 x
1
x
x
.
= 2 ln 2ctg
= 2 ln 2ctg

3 3 sin 2 x
3 3 sin 2 x

3
3

x 6 6 x5 4 x + 5 x 6 4 x ln 4 4 x x 5 (6 x ln 4 ) + 30 x5
=
=
544. ) y`= x
;
2
2
4 +5

4x + 5
4x + 5

e x e x x 2 + 2 e x 2 x e x x 2 + 2 x + 2
=
) y`= 2
=
;
2
2
x + 2

x2 + 2
x2 + 2

3 x 3 x ln 3 2 x + 5 x 3 x (2 x ln 2 + 5 x ln 5)

) y`= x x =
=
2
2 +5

2x + 5x

) y`= 2 x ctg x = 2 x ln 2ctg x ( x ) 2 x

(
(

+ 5x

3 2 (ln 3 ln 2) + 3 5 (ln 3 ln 5)

(2

(
(

3 x (2 x ln 1,5 + 5 x ln 0,6)
(2 x + 5 x ) 2

)
)

1
0,3 x ln 0,3 x + 0,5 0,3 x
0,3 x
x
2
=
) y`=
.
2
x + 0,5

x + 0,5

StudyPort.ru
545. ) f(x) = xe5x; D(f) = R; f`(x) = e5x + 5xe5x = 5e5x(x+0,2);
f`(x) = 0 x = -0,2, f`(x) < 0 x (-;-0,2), f(x) > 0
x (-0,2;); f(x) (-;-0,2], f(x) [-0,2;),
min f ( x ) = f (0,2) =
R

1
;
5e

) f(x) = x22-x; D(f) = R; f`(x) = 2x2-x + x2ln2(-x)`=2-xx(2 xln2);


f`(x) = 0 x = 0;

2
;
ln 2

+
0

2
ln 2

73

f(x) (-;0]

2
; , f(x) 0;
;
ln
2

ln 2

x = 0 min f(x), f(0) = 0;


x=

2
ln 2

max f(x), f

2
4
= 2 2 ln 2 ;
ln
2

ln 2

) f(x) = xe-x; D(f) = R; f`(x) = e-x xe-x = e-x(1 x); f`(x) = 0 x = 1,


f(x) (-;1], f(x) [1;),
x = 1 max f ( x ) = f (1) = 1 ;
e

) f(x) = x 0,5 ; D(f) = R; f`(x) = 4x30,5x+x40,5xln0,5=0,5xx3(4 xln2);


f(x) = 0 x = 0;

4
;
ln 2

+
0

4
ln 2

f(x) (-;0]

x = 0 min f(x), f(0) = 0; x =

4
4 256
0,5 ln 2 .
max f(x); f
=
ln 2
ln 2 ln 4 2

ln 2

; , f(x)

0;

4
;
ln 2
4

546. ) f(x) = e3-2x, F(x) =

1 3 2x
e
+ C;
2

) f(x) = 20,9x 5,6-x, F(x) =

2 0,9 x 5,6 x
+
+ C;
ln 0,9
ln 5,6

2 10 x
+ C;
ln 2

StudyPort.ru
) f(x) = 2-10x, F(x) = 0,1

1
3

) f(x)=e3x +2,31+x =e3x +2,32,3x, F(x)= e3x + 2,3


1

2,3x
1
2,31+x
+ C = e3x +
+ C.
ln2,3
3
ln2,3

547. ) S = e x dx = e x | = e 1;
1

9x
3x 1 9
3
1
1
8
2
2

+
=
|=

=
;
ln 9 ln 3 0 ln 9 ln 3 ln 9 ln 3 2 ln 3 ln 3 ln 3

) S = 9x dx 3x dx =

74

) S = 2 x dx =

2x 2
4
1
7
| =

=
;
ln 2 1 ln 2 2 ln 2 2 ln 2

1
1

1
2

1
2

) S = e 2 x dx e x dx = e 2 x e x | = e 2 e
0

1
1 3

1
e
1
+ 1 = e 1 + .
2
2 2

548. ) S ADE = S ABCE S ABCD = 2 3 dx = 6 +


=6

3 x 1
1
3

=
| =6+
ln 3 1
3 ln 3 ln 3

8
;
3 ln 3

) SADE = SABCE SABOD SDOCK = SABCE 2SDOCK = 2e 2 e x dx =


0

StudyPort.ru
= 2e 2e x | = 2e 2e + 2 = 2;
0

2 x

) S ABE = S ACDE S BCDE = dx 2 1 =


| 2=
+
2=
ln 2 2
ln 2 ln 2
2 2
=

3
2;
ln 2

75

2 x

) S AED = S ABCD S ABOE SOCDE = 3 4 dx 4 x dx = 12 +


|
ln 2 2
2 2
0

4x 1
1
4
4
1
3
3
9
| = 12 +

+
= 12

= 12
.
ln 4 0
ln 2 ln 2 ln 4 ln 4
ln 2 2 ln 2
ln 2

42.
1
3
( 2 + 3x)`=
;
2 + 3x
2 + 3x
1
+ cos x;
) y`= (log0,3 x + sin x)`=
x ln 0,3
1
5
) y`= (ln(1 + 5 x))`=
(1 + 5 x )`=
;
1 + 5x
1 + 5x
1
) y`= (lg x cos x)`=
+ sin x.
x ln 10

549. ) y`= ((ln(2 + 3x))`=

StudyPort.ru
550. ) y`= ( x 2 log 2 x)`=

1
1
x
(2 ln x + 1);
2 x ln x + x 2 =
ln 2
x ln 2

x ln x x`
1 ln x
ln x
;
=
) y`=
= x
2
x
x
x2

1
) y`= ( x ln x)`= ln x + x = ln x + 1;
x

551. ) f ( x) =
76

1
ln x x
x
x = ln x 1 .
) y`=
=
ln 2 x
ln 2 x
ln x

3
3
1
, F ( x) = ln 7 x + 1 + C , x ;
7
7x + 1
7

1
2

, F( x ) = ln x 2 ln x + 5 + C , x -5, x 0;
x x+5
1
4
) f ( x) =
, F( x ) = ln x + 2 + C , x -2; ) f ( x) = , F( x ) = 4 ln x + C , x 0.
x+2
x

) f ( x) =

1
, f(0) = ln1 = 0, f(0) = 1; y = x;
x +1
1
1
) f `( x) = (lg x + 2)`=
, f(1) = lg1 + 2 = 2, f `(1) =
;
x ln 10
ln 10
1
1
x
;
( x 1) =
+2
y=2+
ln 10
ln 10
ln 10
2
2
2
) f `(x ) = (2 ln x )`= 2 , f(e) = 2 lne = 2, f `(e) = ; y = 2 + ( x e) = x ;
x
e
e
e
1
1
) f `( x) = (log 2 ( x 1))`=
;
, f ( 2) = log 2 1 = 0, f 1(2) =
ln 2
ln 2( x 1)

552. ) f `( x) =

y=

x
1
2
.
( x 2) =

ln 2
ln 2 ln 2
7

dx

553. ) 2dx = 2 ln x | = 2 ln 7 2 ln1 = 2 ln 7; )


= ln 3 2 x | = ln 5;
2
1 2
1
13 2 x
1 x
e

e
dx
= ln x | = ln e ln 1 = 1;
1
1 x

3 1
dx
1
1
1
= ln 3 x + 1 | = ln 10 ln 1 = ln 10.
x
+
3
3
3
3
1
3
0
0

554.
1

( x2 + 1) 3 ln(5 + 3x) 2x
3 x2 + 1 2x(5 + 3x) ln(5 + 3x)
ln(5 + 3x) 5 + 3x
) y`= 2
=
;
=
2
2
x +1
x2 + 1
x2 + 1 (5 + 3x)

)
( )

StudyPort.ru

x ln 10
x
=
=
) y`=
lg(1 2 x ) ln (1 2 x )

ln 10((1 2 x ) ln (1 2 x ) + 4 x )
;
=
2 x (1 2 x ) ln 2 (1 2 x )

ln 10 ln (1 2 x )

2 ln 10 x
+
1 2x
2 x
=
2
ln (1 2 x )

2 1
x 2 2 x ln 5 x x 5 x 5 x(2 ln 5 x 1)

) y`=
;
=
=
ln 5 x
ln 2 5 x
ln 2 5 x

(x + 1) ln x 2 x(1 ln x ) + 1
log3 x 2 2 ln x
2
=
) y`=
=
=

.
x

x + 1 (ln 3)(x + 1) ln 3
ln 3
(x + 1)2
x(x + 1)2

77

x ln x + 2
ln x
+
=
, D(f`)=(0;);
x
2 x
2 x
1

1
1
f `( x ) = 0 x =
, f(x) 0; 2 , f(x) 2 ; ,
e2
e

555. ) f(x)=

x=

1
e2

x ln x;

D(f)=(0;); f `( x) =

2
1
min f(x) f 2 = ;
e
e

ln x
) f ( x ) =
; D(f)
x

1
x ln x
1 ln x
= (0;); f `( x) = x 2
, D(f`) = (0;);
=
x
x2

f`(x)=0 x=e, f(x) (0;e], f(x) [e;); x = e


max f(x) f (e) =

ln e 1
= ;
e
e

) y=2xlnx; D(f)=(0;); f `( x) = 2

1 2( x 0,5)
=
, D(f`) = (-;0)(0;);
x
x

f`(x)=0 x = 0,5; f(x) (0;0,5], f(x) [0,5;),


. x = 0,5 min f(x) f(0,5) = 1 + ln2;
) f(x) = xln x; D(f) = (0;); f `(x ) = ln x + x
f`(x) = 0 x =
1
x=
e

min f(x)

1
,
e

1
= ln x + 1; D(f`)
x

= (0;);

f(x) 0; 1 , f(x) 1 ; ,
e

1
1
f = .
e
e

556. ) f(x) = xln2x; D(f) = (0;); f `(x ) = ln 2 x + 2x ln x

1
= ln x (ln x + 2);
x

StudyPort.ru
f`(x) = 0 x = 1 x =

e2

1
1
[1;), f(x) 2 ;1;
2
e
e
1 4
1
x = 2 max f(x) f 2 = 2 , x = 1 min f(x) f(1) = 0;
e
e e

2x
2x
ln x 1
= 2 ln 10
) f ( x) =
; D(f) = (0;1)(1;); f `( x) =
,
x
lg x
lg
ln 2 x

f(x) 0;

D(f)=(0;1)(1;); f`(x) = 0 x = e; f(x) (0,1) (1;e],


f(x) [e;), x = e min f(x) f(e) = 2eln10;
) f ( x ) =
78

ln x
x

D(f) = (0;); f `(x) =

1
1
x
ln x
x
2 x

( x)

1
=

2 x

(2 ln x)
x

2 ln x
2 x3

D(f`) = (0;);f`(x) = 0 x = e2;


f(x) (0;e2], f(x) [e2;), x = e2min f(x) f(e2) =
) f ( x ) =

1
1 x 1
1
+ ln x; D(f)=(0;); f `( x) =
+ = 2 , D(f`)
x
x2 x
x

2
;
e

= (-;0)(0;);

f`(x) = 0 x = 1;
f(x) (0;1], f(x) [1;), x=1min f(x) f(1) = 1.
557.
6

) S ABCD = 2 + dx = (2 x + 4 ln x ) | = 12 + 4 ln 6 4 4 ln 2 = 8 + 4 ln 3;
x

) S ABCD = dx = 2 ln x | = 2(ln1 ln 4) = 4 ln 2;
4
4 x

StudyPort.ru
2

) S = dx = ln x | = ln 2 ln = ln 2;
2
2
4 2
1
1 2x
4
3

) S = 3 dx = (3x ln( x) ) | = 9 ln 3 + 18 + ln 6 = 9 + ln 2.
x

43.

558. ) f ( x) =

x 2 ; D(f)

3
= (0;); f `( x) = x 2 ;
2

79

) f ( x) = x 3 ; D(f) = [0;); f `( x) = 3 x

2
3

3 1

) f ( x) = x 3 ; D(f) = [0;); f `( x) = x 3 ;

) f ( x) = x 5 ; D(f) = (0;); f `( x) = 5 x

5 1

559.
) f(x) = x-e; D(f) = (0;); f`(x) = -ex-e-1;

StudyPort.ru
) f ( x ) =

lg 5

; D(f)

= (0;); f `(x ) =

1
x
lg 5
3
3

) f(x) = x; D(f) = [0;); f`(x) = x-1;

80

lg 5 1

) f(x) = (2x)ln3; D(f) = [0;); f`(x) = 2ln3(2x)ln3-1.

560.

1
) 24 3

= (27

1
3) 3

1 3
1 3 26
8

= 3 1 31
= 2 2,89;
=
9
9

3
27
9

) 4 625 3 = 54 3 = 5 4 1,34 + 0,14 5 1,3 1 +

0,14 1
6,5 1,01 6,57;
2,85 4

0,25
) 3 81 = 33 3 = 33 1,43 + 0,25 3 1,4 1 +
4,2 1,03 4,33;
3 1,43

) 4 48 = 24 3 = 2 4 1,34 + 0,14 2 1,31 +

0,14
2,6 1,01 2,63.
2,85 4

1
9

561. ) 3 30 = 3 27 + 3 = 3 27 3 1 + 3 1 +

) 4 90 = 4 81 + 9 = 4 81 4 1 +
) 9,02 = 9 1 +

1
3,11;
39

1
1

3 1 +
3,08;
9
49

2
1

3 1 +
3,003;
900
900

StudyPort.ru
) 5 33 = 5 32 + 1 = 5 32 5 1 +

1
1

2 1 +
2,01.
32
5 32

562.

) .. f ( x ) = x 5 R,

) ..

f (x) = x 3

min f ( x ) = f (1) = 1, max f ( x ) = f (32) = 4;

[1;32]

[1;32]

R,

1
1
max f ( x) = f = 16, min f ( x) = f ( 27) = ;
81
1
8
; 27

1
8 ; 27

1
2

) .. f(x)=x-4 R, max f ( x) = f = 16, min f ( x) = f (1) = 1;


1
2 ; 2

1
2 ;1

81

) ..

f (x) = x 4

R,

1 1
min f ( x) = f = , max f ( x) = f (81) = 27.

1
16 8 1 ;81
;81
16

16

1
2

563. ) f ( x) = x
) f ( x ) = x 2

, F ( x) =

, F ( x) =
3 +1

x2

2 +1

2 2 +1

+C=

x1

2(1 2 )

) f(x) = 3x-1, F(x) = 3ln|x| + C; ) f ( x ) = x e , F ( x) =


7

4 5

4dx

2
1
x3

= 4

2
+1
8
3

+ C;

+ C;

2 3 +1

564. ) x 2 dx = 2 x 2 | = 2 2

7
2

x e +1
+ C.
e +1

7
2
2
1 2 = 27 1 = 36 ;
7
7

| = 12 3 8 3 1 = 12;
2
+11
3

e2

e2

) 2 x 1dx = 2 ln x | = 2 ln e 2 ln e = 2;
1
5 x 4 dx

81

16

+1
5
5
4
x 4 81 4 4
= 5
| = 4 3 2 4 = 4 211 = 844.
1

+ 1 16

StudyPort.ru
1

565. ) S = x 2 dx =
0

2 +1 1

|=

2 +10
1

2 +1

3+

| =
) S ABE = S ACDE S BCDE = dx x 3 dx = ln x
1
x
+
3
1
1
1

82

1
3 +1

ln

3 1

3 1

1 2
2
1
+
=
+ ln 2;
2
3 +1
3 +1

32
0,8 +1 32
32
) S = x 0,8dx = x
| = 55 x | = 5 5 32 1 = 5;
1
5

) S =

566.
2) 2

0,8 + 1 1

5
1
dx = ln x | = ln 5 ln 3.
x
3

1,4142, 3 3 1,4422,

2,5 1,5811, 4 2 1,1892

3 1,7321, 4 2,5 1,2574, 3 2,5 1,3572, 4 3 1,3161,

3) 2 = 1,42 + 0,04 = 1,42 1 +


3

0.04
0,04
1,4143;
1,41 +
1,96
2 1,96

0,256
0,256
1,4435;
1,41 +
2,744
3 2,744

3 = 3 1,43 + 0,256 = 3 1,43 3 1 +

3 = 1,34 + 0,1439 = 1,34 1 +

0,1439
0,1439
1,7326;
1,691 +
2,8561
2 2,8561

15 4
15
15
1,2575;
= 1,254 4 1 +
1,251 +
256
256 2,4414
4 256 2,4414

2,5 = 4 1,254 +

2,5 = 3 1,33 + 0,303 = 3 1,33 3 1 +

0,303
0,303
1,3598;
1,31 +
2,197
3 2,197

3 = 4 1,34 + 0,1439 = 4 1,34 4 1 +

0,1439
0,1439
1,3164;
1,31 +
2,8561
4 2,8561

2,5 = 1,6 2 0,06 = 1,6 2 1

0,06
0,06
1,5813;
1,61
2,56
2
2,56

StudyPort.ru
4

2 = 4 1,2 4 0,0736 = 4 1,2 4 4 1

0,0736
0,0736
1,1787.
1,21
2,0736
2,0736
2

567. ) ; ) ; ) ; ) , .. x 0 min f ( x) = f (0) = 0


x0

44.

568. ) y`(t) = -6sin(2t + ), y``(t) = -12cos(2t + );


-12cos(2t + ) = -12cos(2t + );
1
2

1
2

) y`(t ) = 2 cos t , y``(t ) = sin t ;

1
1
1
sin t = 4 sin t ;
3
3
4
2
2

83

) y`(t) = -8sin4t, y``(t) = -32cos4t; 32cos4t + 32cos4t = 0;


) y`( t ) =

1
1
cos(0,1t + 1), y ``(t ) =
sin(0,1t + 1);
30
300

1 1
1
sin(0,1t + 1) +
sin(0,1t + 1) = 0 .
100 3
300

569. y`(x) = 15e3x, 15e3x = 353x.


570. y`(x) = -14e-2x, -14e-2x = -27e-2x.
571. y`(x) = -21e-7x, -21e-7x = -73e-7x.
572. ) , y = Asinkx ;
y`(x) = Akcoskx, y``(x) = -Ak2sinkx;
y`` + 25y = 0 -Ak2sinkx + 25Asinkx = 0, sinkx(25 k2) = 0; k = 5;
y(x) = Asin5x, const;
) , y = Asinkx ;
1
A
2
y``+4 y = 0 k 2 sin kx + 4A sin kx = 0, sin kx(36 k ) = 0, k = 6;
9
9

y(x) = Asin6x, const;


) , y = Asinkx ;
4y`` + 16y = 0 -4Ak2sinkx + 16Asinkx = 0, sinkx(4 k2) = 0, k = 2;
y(x) = Asin2x; const;
) , y = Asinkx ;
y``=

1
1
1

1
y Ak 2 sin kx + A sin kx = 0, sin kx k 2 = 0, k = ;
2
4
4
4

y( x ) = A sin

kx
2

; A const.

StudyPort.ru
573. ) x` = -4sin(2t 1), x`` = -8cos(2y 1);
-8cos(2t 1) + 42cos(2t 1) = 0 x`` + 4x = 0;

) x`= 0,64 sin 0,1t + , x``= 0,064 cos 0,1t + ;

0,064 cos 0,1t + + 0,01 6,4 cos 0,1t + = 0


7
7

x`` + 0,01x = 0;

) x = 4 sin 3t ; x = 12 cos 3t ;

x``= 36 sin 3t ; 36 sin 3t + 9 4 sin 3t = 0


4
4
4

x`` + 9x = 0;
) x` = 0,213cos(0,3t 0,7), x`` = -0,0639sin(0,3t 0,7);
-0,0639sin(0,3t 0,7) + 0,090,071sin(0,3t 0,7)=0 x`` + 0,09x = 0.
84

574.
) x(t) = x1(t) + x2(t) = A1cos(1t + 1) + A2cos(2t + 2)
.
x(t + T) = A1cos(1t + 1T +1) + A2cos(2t + 2T + 2) =
=A1cos(1t + 1) + A2cos(2t + 2) = x(t).
t ,
1 k
1T = 2k,
2T = 2n, n k Z; = r = r n k Z.

575. : m(t) = m0e-kt.


1
m
= kt , k = (ln m ln n);
n
t
m
: = me kT ,
2
r ln 2
ln 2
ln 2
=
T =
.
T=
1
k
m
ln n
ln
(ln m ln n)
t

n = me-kt, ln

576. m1 = m0e kt t = 1 ln m0 ;
k

m1

k=

m
T
1
3
ln 2
, t=
ln
= 9 .
ln 0 =
T
0,125
ln 2 m1 ln 2

1
577. m1 = m0e kt , t = T ln m0 ; m0 = 10, = 1 .: t =
ln 10 = 3,3 .;
m1

ln 2

m1
=
m0

ln 2
t

e T ,

ln 2

m1

1000

ln 2
t = 100 = 1500 , m1 = e 1500 0,64.

m0

578.
T = k(T T1), T1 = 0.
T(t) = T0e-kt, k > 0 const.
T (1) ( t ) = T0(1) e k1t , T (1) ( t ) = T0(1) e k 2 t ;

StudyPort.ru
t1 1 T1(1) , 2 T1( 2) :
T1(1) = T0(1)e k1t1 , k1t1 = ln

T0(1)
T1(1)

, k1 =

( 2)
(1)
1 T
1 T0
( 2)
( 2) k t
ln (1) : T1 = T0 e 2 1 , k 2 = ln 0( 2) ;
t1 T1
t1 T1

t, ,

T (1) (t ) = T ( 2) (t ) : T0(1)e

(1)
t T0
ln
t1 T1(1)

= T0( 2)e

( 2)
t T0
ln
t1 T1( 2 )

T0(1)

T0( 2)

( 2)
T (1)
t T
ln 0( 2 ) ln 0(1)
t1 T1
T1
e
,

85

T ( 2)
= ln 0(1)
T0

T ( 2) T (1)
t
ln 0(1) 1( 2)
t1
T0 T1

t1 = 10 , T0(1)

ln

, t = t1
ln

T0(1)

T0( 2)T1(1)
T0(1)T1( 2)

( 2)

= 200C, T0

T0( 2)

( 2)

= 100C, T1

(1)

= 80C, T1

= 100C ;

1
ln 2
2
= 10
14,75 .
t = 10
ln 1,6
1 10
ln
2 8
ln

579.
. 578.
T (1) (t ) = T0(1)e

(1)
t T0
ln (1)
t1 T1

T ( 2) (t ) = T0( 2)e

T = T (1) (t ) T ( 2) (t ) = e

T0(1)

T = 25C ,
25

(1)
t T
ln T0(1) ln 0(1)
t1 T1

= T0( 2)

= 100C ,

( 2)
t T0
ln ( 2 )
t1 T1

ln T0( 2 )

T1(1)

t 10
ln
10
8
= 100e
2t
10

(0,8)

;
( 2)
t T0
ln
t1 T1( 2 )

= 80C ,

T1( 2)

;
= 64C ; t1 = 10 ;

t 100
ln
t
t
10
64 ; 25 = 100 0,8
100e
10 100 0,64 10 ;
2
t
t
t

= 0,5;

10 + 0,25 = 0, 0,8 10 0,5 = 0; 0,8 10

( )

(0,8)

( )

( )

t
ln 0,5
31,08 .
= log 0,8 0,5; t = 10 log 0,8 0,5 = 10
ln 0,8
10

StudyPort.ru
580.

5
3

.. v(t ) = kv(t ) = v(t ) , v(0) = v0,


v(t ) = v0e

5
t
3 ; v
0

5
t
v(3) = 500 e 3

86

= 30

, t = 3 ;

= 500e 5 3,4


1.
1.
1. ) ; ) ; ) ; )
2.
: ; + 1; + 2.
: ++1++2=3+3 ,
. (+1)( +2).
, , ,
.
3. ) 52365; ) 52344.
4.
1056 1 , ,
3, 9. 11 . , 11
,
99 99...........9 |
14
4244
3

99

99
..........

55

11
9
909
...909
142
4
3 11
54

99
99
09

StudyPort.ru
5. 35.
6.

ab
d, d ab,
a+b
, a d, b
d. a d, a + b ,
a
, b , ,
1,
b
. , b d,
.
7.

a, 0,
) |a| =

, < 0;

a, a < 0,
| a |=
, | a |=| a | ;
, 0;

87

, 0,
) |x| =

, < 0;

|x| = x, < 0 < |x|;


2 , 0,
2 = ( ) 2 ; , | x | 2 = x 2 .
( )2 , < 0;

) |x|2 =
8.

5 10 5 3 + 10 2
1
1
2,5 + 3
+
35
6
3
3
)
;
=
= 2 3 =
=
53 + 4 2
5 4
1
4
23
2,5 0,4(3 )
2,5 +
+
6
2 3
3
3
2,75 : 1,1 + 3

1
7
10
7 7
1 1
5
3 : 10 + 0,175 :
: 10 +
:
+
20
1
3
2
3
20
3
40
20
=
=
= 6 =
=3 ;
)
3 11 51
7 28 51
7 3
1
6
3
1 1

4 17 56
4 17 56
4 2
4
1
4

) (1,4 3,5 : 1 ) : 2,4 + 3,4 : 2


7
5

1
7 7 4 12 17 8
=
=
+
:
8
5 2 5 5 5 17

14 12 8
7 5 8 7 5 + 8 12 96 35 61
1
+ =
=
=
=1 ;
: + =
5 5 5
5 12 5
5 12
60
60
60

1 1

1+ 2
3
2 0,25
=
= = 0,75 .
)
46
46 4
6
6
1 + 2,2 10
23
1+

StudyPort.ru
9.

0,52 0,5

0,4 + 0,1 + 2 0,4 0,1

0,5(0,5 1)

(0,4 + 0,1)

(0,5) 0,5
0,52

= 1 ;

1,22 1,82
(1,2 + 1,8)(1,2 1,8)
3 (0,6)
3 5
=
= 2,5 ;
=
=
1,2 0,2 1,2 0,8
1,2(0,2 0,8)
1,2 (0,6)
6

0,62 + 0,12 2 0,6 0,1

1,5 1,52
3
5

5
8

5
8

(0,6 0,1) 2
0,52
0,5
1
=
=
= ;
1,5(1 1,5) 1,5 (0,5)
1,5
3
8
5

5
8

2 8
5 5

88
55

5
8

) 1 4 2,4 : = 4 2 = 4 +
=
88

8
5 8 5
4 4 = = 1 .
5
8 5 8

12
=
5

10.
) 3,82 0,1 3 8;
) 1,980 104 0,001 104 1 9;
) 7,891 0,1 7, 9 1;
) 2,8 104 0,3 104 .
11.
) 1,0025 = (1 + 0,002)5 1 + 5 0,002 = 1 + 0,01 = 1,01;
) 0,9974 = (1 0,003)4 1 4 0,003 = 1 0,012 = 0,988;
) 2,0043 = 8(1 + 0,002)3 8(1 + 0,006) = 8,048;

) 3,015 = 35 1 +

12.
13.

0,01
1
1

= 243 1 +
243 1 + = 247,05.
3
60
300

) 15,3; ) 30,7; ) 43,7; ) 3,0.


1
3

) 2,(3) = 2 ;

) 0,(66) =

2
;
3

) 1,0(8) = 1

8
;
90

1
3

) 1,(33) = 1 .

14.
)

5=

p
p
, p Z, q N,
;
q
q

p
p2
>0, p q . 5= 2 , 2=5q2,
q
q

StudyPort.ru
, 2. , 5, =5k.
= 5k 2 = 5q2, 25k2 = 5q2, q2=5k2.
p
, q 5. ,

q
, 5 .
) 2 7

, 7 .
m
m
m
7 = , m Z, n N,
;
> 0,
n
n
n

, m n . 7=

,
n2
m2=7n2, , m2, , m 7,
m=7k. m=7k m2=7n2, 49k2=7n2, n2=7k2.
89

m
7.
n
, 2 7 .

, n 7.

5 + 1 = r( r ),

,
7 1
=
7 , ..
3
3

5 = r 1

5.

7 .

15. ) a + b a b .
) a + b ( a = b), a b
, . (:
2 7 = 14 , 2 2 ).
) a + b , a b .
16. )
)

3+

2+

5
1,42 + 0,55 = 1,97; )
9

5
1,72 + 0,83 = 2,55;
9

2
2,24 0,29 = 1,95 ;
7
1
2,45 0,09 = 2,36.
6
11
5

17. ) 2 , 1,7 ,

,
3

3 ;

) 5 , 1 ,

5
,
6

StudyPort.ru
log23 ;

7
5
, 0,(2) , ;
6
2

) 1,(6) , lg100 , ,
10 .

18. ) 4 < 7 lg

1
4
7
>
< 0,
;
1
1
2
lg
lg
10

5 + 2 >0,

17 > 0;

) ( 5 + 2) = 5 + 4 5 + 4 = 9 + 4 5 > 17, ( 17 )2 = 17, ,


5 + 2 > 17 ;

) log37 > 1, log73 =


90

1
1
< 1, , log37 >
; log37 > log73;
log 3 7
log 7 3

) ( 7 + 3)2 = 7 + 6 7 + 9 = 16 + 6 7 > 31. ( 31 )2 = 31, ,


7 + 3 > 31.

7 + 3 > 31.

19.

) 15log3 10 = 15log15 10
) ( 2 +
( 30
( 2 +

1
log15 3

= 10log3 15 , , 15log 3 10 = 10log 3 5 ;

3 )2 = 2 + 2 6 + 3 = 5 + 2 6 < 10,
3 )2 = 30 2 90 + 3 = 33 2 90 > 13, ,
3 ) < ( 30

3 );

) 7,98 2 7,98 6,28 1,70;

< 2,1 < ,


< 1,7 < ;
2
2

; sinx , sin2,1 < sin7,98;


2
) ( 8 +

2
5 ) = 8 + 2 40 + 5 = 13 + 4 10 , ( 3 +

= 3 + 2 30 + 10 = 13 + 2 30 , , 8 +

2
10 ) =

5 >

3 +

10 .

20.

3+ 2
3 2

2 6 =

( 3 + 2 )2
2 6 = 3+ 2 6 + 2 2 6 = 5 ;
3 2

) ( 2 + 1)2 + (1 2)2 ( 7 + 1)( 7 1) = 2 + 2 2 + 1 + 1 2 2 + 2 7 + 1 = 0 ;


7+ 5

( 7 + 5 )2
35 = 6 + 35 35 = 6 ;
2

StudyPort.ru
)

7 5

35 =

) (3 18 + 2 8 + 4 50 ) : 2 = (9 2 + 4 2 + 20 2 ) : 2 = 9+4+20 = 33.

2. .

21.

320 2,5
=8;
100
100 75
= 3000 ;
) 2,5%75, 100%; =
2,5
2,8 100
1
) 84100%, 2,8; =
= 3 %;
84
3
35 140
) 35100%, 140%; =
= 49 .
100

) 320100%, 2,5%; =

91

22.
1987 104%,
8% 1 .
8,32%+4%=12,32%, ,

12,32%:2 = 6,16%.
23.
I 5, II 3, III 20 IV 200,15=3.
5 + 20 + 3 3 = 375, = 15; I 75; II 45;
III 300, IV 45.
24.
-
1, 1,25
.

1,25100%, 1%; =

1 100
= 80% . ,
1,25

20%.
25. ) 12 :

1
12 5 1
5
40
5 1
=: , =
, = , =
;
8
6 8
6
8
3
3

) : (0,3) = 0,15 : 1,5, : (0,3)= 0,1, = (0,3) 0,1, = 0,03;


)

0,13 26
13 10
1
1
=
, 26 =
, =
;
=
1

100

3
3

10
60
3
3

StudyPort.ru
)

2,5(6,2)
2,5 6,2
31
1

6,2
, =
, = = 1 .
=
=
2,5
15
15
15
30
30

26. )

2 6
= , ( 2) = 15, 2 2 15 = 0, 1 = 5, 2 = 3; (3; 5);
2,5

4,8
, = 4 + 20, 3 = 20, = 6 ;
=
+ 5 1,2
3

3 6,5
, ( 3)3 = ( 2)13, 10 = 17, = 1,7;
=
2 1,5

4
5
=
, (4 )( + 3) = 6, 2 + + 12 = 6,
1,2
+3

2 6 = 0, 1 = 2, 2 = 3;

92

(2; 3).

27.
) ,

, = 22,5 18 = 4,5,
=

22,5 15
4,5 15
=
, =
= 3,
4,5

22,5

= 15 3 = 12;

) k =
k2 =

7,5
7,5
= 3,
=
=
7,5 5 2,5

S ABC
72
= 9,
= 9, SBEK = 8, S = 72 8 = 64.
S BEK
S BEK

3.
a1 + a 20
20 , a 7 = a1 + 6 d , 20 = 2 + 6d, d = 3,
2
2 + 59
= a1 + 19d = 2 + 57 = 59, S 20 =
20 , S 20 = 61 10 = 610.
2

28. S 20 =
a 20

29. 1 = 4, 6 = 40,
6 = 1 + 5d, 40 4 = 5d, d = 7,2;
2 = 11,2, 3 = 18,4, 4 = 25,6, 5 = 32,8.
1
= log23,
log 3 2

30.

1
= log26 = log23 + log22 = log23 + 1,
log 6 2

1
= log212 = log23 + log24 = log23 + 2. , log23;
log12 2

StudyPort.ru
log23 + 1; log23 +2 .
+ = 26, + + 4d = 26,

= 13 2d ,

1
1
1
31. 1 5
2

2
2 4 = 160; (a1 + d )(1 + 3d ) = 160; 1 + 41d + 3d = 160;

1 = 13 2d ,

2
2
(13 2d ) + 4 (13 2d ) d + 3d = 160;

169 52d + 4d2 + 52d 8d2 + 3d2 160 = 0, d2 + 9 = 0, d1 = 3, d2 = 3,


a1 = 7, a1 = 19. a6 = 7 + 15 = 22 a6 = 19 15 = 4.
S6 =

7 + 22
19 + 4
6 = 29 3 = 87 S6 =
6 = 23 3 = 69 .
2
2

32. a =b1, b = b1 q, c = b1 q2, d = b1 q3.


2
2 2
(b1 b1q2)2 + (b1q b1q2)2 + (b1q b1q3)2 (b1 b1q3)2 = b1 2b1 q +
+ b12 q 4 + b12 q 2 2b12 q 3 + b12 q 4 + b12 q 2 2b12 q 4 + b12 q 6 b12 + 2b12 q 3 b12 q 6 = 0

93

33.

2 2

2 +1
2 1

2 1

( 2 2 )( 2 + 1)

2 1
2 ( 2 1)( 2 + 1)

1
2+ 2

1
2+ 2

1
1
1

= .
2 2 2+ 2 2

.
.
3
b b = 24, b1 q b1 q = 24, b1 q (q 2 1) = 24,

2
b1 q + b1 q = 6; b1 q (1 + q ) = 6;

34. 4 2
b2 + b3 = 6;

6(q 1) = 24 , q 1 = 4 , q = 5, 5b1 =

35. b1 = 3, b2 = 12, bn = 3072; q =

6
, 5b1 = 1 ,
1+ 5

b1 =

1
.
5

b2
= 4, bn = b1 q n 1 ,
b1

3072 = 3 4n-1, 4n-1 = 1024; n 1 = 5, n = 6.


36. b4 =

1
1
1 1
1
3
, q = , b4 = b1 q , b1 = b4 : q3 =
:
= ,
54 27 2
54
3

1
1
1
1
1 121 4
b1 (1 qn ) 121 2 3n 121 3
= 3 n , 1 n =
=
,
,
,
Sn =
1
162
4
1 q
162
3 162 3
3
1
3

1
1
121 4
=

=
1 ,
, n = 5.
3 n 243
3 n 162 3
1

StudyPort.ru
37. b1, b2, b3, b4.
b2 + b3 = 12,
b + b = 14, b4 = b3 + (b3 b2).
1 4
b1 q + b1 q 2 = 12,

b1 + b3 + (b3 b2 ) = 14;

b1 =

14

1 + 2q q

b1 q(1 + q ) = 12,
b + 2b b = 14;
3
2
1

b1 q (1 + q ) = 12,

2
b1 (1 + 2q q = 14;

12
, 14q + 14q 2 = 12 + 24q 2 12q ,
q (1 + q )

10q 2 26q + 12 = 0 , 5q 2 13q + 6 = 0 ,

q1 = 2, q2 = 0,6, b1 = 2 b1 = 12,5, b2 = 4, b2 = 7,5, b3 = 8,


b3 = 4,5, b4 = 12, b4 = 1,5.

: 2; 4; 8; 12 12,5; 7,5; 4,5; 1,5.


94

38. q =
S=

2
3 +1

b1
,
1 q

: 3=
3

3
11+
3

2
( 3 + 1) 3

2
3+ 3

= 3 . : 1

2(3 3 ) 3 3
3
;
=
= 1
93
3
3

3
; 3.
3

b1 (1 q3 )
= 10,5,

b1 (1 + q + q2 ) = 10,5,

39. 1 q
12(1 q)(1 + q + q2) = 10,5,

=
12
(
1

);
b
q
b
1
1 = 12;
1 q
1
12(1 q3) = 10,5, 1 q3 = 10,5 : 12, q3 = ,
8
1
1
1
q = ; b1 = 12 (1 ) = 6. : b1 = 6; q = .
2
2
2

40.
b > 0, b 1 an, an+k, an+2k , logban,
logban + k = logban + logba2k, logban + 2k = logban + logbak = logban + 2logbak;
, logban; logban + logbak; logban + 2logbak
.

2.
4.
2
2
2
2
2
41. a) a + b + 2a 2b 2ab = a 2ab + b + 2(a b) = (a b) + 2(a b) =

= (a b)(a b + 2);

StudyPort.ru
) x3 + ( y 1) x + y = x3 + xy x + y = x( x 2 1) + y ( x + 1) =
= ( x + 1)( x 2 x + y );

) a6 8 = (a2 )3 23 = (a2 2)(a4 + 2a2 + 4) = (a + 2)(a 2 )(a4 + 2a2 + 4);


) x4 x2 ( y 2 + 1) + y2 = x4 x2 y 2 x2 + y2 = x2 ( x2 1) y2 ( x2 1) =
= ( x2 1)(x2 y2 ) = ( x + 1)(x 1)(x + y)(x y).

42.

a) n 4 + 2n 3 n 2 2n = n 2 (n 2 1) + 2n(n 2 1) = (n 2 1)(n 2 + 2n) =


= (n 2 1) n (n + 2) = (n 1) n( n + 1)(n + 2)


2, 3, 4, , 24 n = 2, 3, ...;
) (n 2 + 4n + 3)(n 2 + 6n + 8) = ( n + 3)(n + 1)(n + 2)(n + 4) =
= (n + 1)(n + 2)(n + 3)(n + 4)

,
2, 3, 4, , 24;
95

n 3 n = n( n 2 1) = ( n 1)n(n + 1)

, 2
3, , 6 n = 2, 3, ...;
) n 3 4n = n(n 2 4) = n(n 2)(n + 2) = (n 2)n (n + 2) . n = 2k,
k N, (n 2)n(n + 2) = (2k 2)2n(2k + 2) = 2(k 1)2n 2(k + 1) =
= 8 ( k 1) k ( k + 1) 8, 3, 2,
, 48.
a 3 + a 2 a 1

43. )

a 2 + 2a + 1

x 2 + x 12

x 2 + 8 x + 16

a 2 (a + 1) (a + 1)
(a + 1) 2

( x 3)( x 4)
( x + 4) 2

(a + 1)(a 2 1)
( a + 1) 2

= a 1 ;

x3
;
x+4

2 a 2 5a + 2
(a 2)(2a 1)
(a 2)(2a 1) 2a 1
;
=
=
=
ab 2b 3a + 6 a (b 3) 2(b 3)
(a 2)(b 3)
b3

x 3 27

x y + 3 xy + 9 y

44. a) m + n

( x 3)( x 2 + 3x + 9)
2

y ( x + 3 x + 9)

x3
.
y

4mn m
2mn
n

:
m + n m + n n m m 2 n 2

nm m 2 mn n 2 2mn
m2 n2

(m + n) 2 4mn
=
:
m+n

( m n) 2 ( m + n) 2
=
:
m+n
m2 n2

StudyPort.ru
=

( m n) 2 ( m 2 n 2 )
(m + n)(m + n)

( m n )3

( m + n) 2

2b
ab
a 2 ab + b 2 2b(a b)
a3 + b3

=
+

: (a 2 b 2 ) +
a+b
a + b a2 b2
a2 b2
a2 b2

ab

a b

a 2 ab + b 2 + 2ab 2b 2 ab
2

a b

a2 b2
a2 b2

= 1;

8 x2 2x x + 8 ( x2 8x + 16) x( x 2) x + 8
x
) 2
2
+
=

+
=

4 x
x+2
x+2
x( x2 4)
x 4 x + 2x 4 x
=

96

( x 4)2 ( x 2)
( x 2 4)(4 x)

12
x+8 4 x x+8
;
=
+
=
x+2 x+2 x+2 x+2

1
2c
1

( 3)2 + 12
) 2
+ 2
+ 2
=

2
c + 3c + 2 c + 4c + 3 c + 5c + 6
2

2 6 + 9 + 12
1
2
1

=
+
+
=
2
( + 1)( + 2) ( + 1)( + 3) ( + 2)( + 3)
2

+ 3 + 2 ( + 2) + + 1 ( + 3) 2

=
=
2
( + 1)( + 2)( + 3)
2

2( + 1)( + 2) ( + 3) 2 4 ( + 3) 2

=
=
= 2.
2
( + 3) 2 2
( + 1)( + 2)( + 3)
6x + 3 y 4x + 2 y
3
2
1
4 y2
1
:
:
=

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
5
2
5 y

y
x
+
y
x

y
x
4x y

4x y

45. a)

2x + 5 y
1
4 y2
4 x 2 25 y 2 4 x 2 + y 2
= 2

: 2
:
=
2
2

2x 5 y 4x y
4x y
(4 x 2 y 2 )(2 x 5 y)
4x y
4 y2

4y2
2

4x y

24 y 2 (4 x 2 y 2 )
2

(4 x y )(2 x 5 y )4 y

6
6
=
;
2x 5 y 5 y 2x

4
2a 3
a 12
3
+ 2
+
=
:

3(3 a)
a 3 a 5a + 6 a 2 2a +1

)
=

3a 6 + 4 + 2a 2 6a 2a + 1 a 12
2a 2 3a 2 2a + 1 a 12
:

=
:

=
(a 2)(a 3)
3
3(3 a) (a 2)(a 3)
3
3(3 a)

(a 2)(2a + 1)3
3
1
a 12
a 12 9 + a 12
a 3
= ;
=
=
=
+

(a 2)(a 3)(2a + 1) 3(3 a) a 3 3(a 3) 3(a 3) 3(a 3) 3

StudyPort.ru
=

x3 8
x 1
1
x 1
)
= ( x2 + 2x + 4 + 2 x)

=
+ 2x (4 x2 )1
2 2 x

x2
x
2

4 x

( x + 2) 2
4 x

3
x 1 x + 2 x 1
;
=

=
2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x

9 k 2 27 + k 3
k
+
2
3 + k k 3k
3 k

k 2 k 2 (3 k ) 27 + k 3
: 3 +
:
=

+
3 k 3 k (k 3)
3 k

3
9 3k + k 2
= k + ( 27 + k )(3 k ) = k + 3 + k = 3.
:
2
3 k
k 3k + 9

97

5. ,

2

46. )

3+ 5
3

5 2
2

15

2( 3 5)
=
35

6 10
10 6
=
;
2
2

3( 5 + 2 )
15 + 6
=
;
52
3

2 15
; )
15

3
7+ 2

3( 7 2 ) 3( 7 2 )
.
=
72
5

47. ) ( 5 2,5)2 3 (1,5 5)3 1 =| 5 2,5| (1,5 5) = 2,5 5 1,5 + 5 =1 ;


)

(5 3 + 50)(5 24
( 75 5 2 )
=

(5 3 + 5 2 )2 (5 2 6 )
=
75 50

(5 3 + 5 2 ) 2 (5 2 6 )
= (5 + 2 6 )(5 2 6 ) = 25 24 = 1;
25

) ( ( 2 1,5)2 3 (1 2)3 )2 + 0,75= (1,5 2 1+ 2)2 + 0,75= 0,52 + 0,75=1 ;


2 6 20

2 5 + 24

(11+ 2 30) =

( 6 5)2
(11+ 2 30) =
65

= (6 2 30 + 5)(11 + 2 30 ) = 121 120 = 1.

48.

a+2
a
a
2 a 2 a + 2
2

)
=

a( a 2)
2a + 2 a 2a a + 2 2a
2( a + 2)
2a
a 2 (a + 2)(a 2) a( a 2) a + 2 2( a + 2) a 2
=
=

a+2
a+2
2a(a 2)
a2 4 a2 + a 2a + 2 2a + 4 a 2 a 2a + 2 2a a 2
=

=
a+2
a+2
2a(a 2)
2a(a 2)

StudyPort.ru
=

a+2 a 2
a 2
;
=

a2 a+2
a2

a a +b b
a + b

= (a ab + b ab ) a + b =
ab
)
a+ b
a b
a b

98

( a b )2 ( a + b )2
( a b) 2

( a b) 2
( a b) 2

= 1;

x +1

1+ x + x x x
2


1
)
2 2

1+ x + x
2

1 + 1 1

+ 1 1 2

( 1)2 (2 (2))2

( x + 1) x ( x x 1)

4( 1)

= x ( x 1) ;

( 1)2 ( + 1)2

16
= 4.
4

4 3
4 3

4 4 2 4
k +1
k + k
k( k + k)
1
4
(
1
)
49. ) k 4
=
k
k
k

k +1
k 1
k 1

k (4 k + 1)

k 1

k 1

1 k
4

k 1

k 1
4

k 1

= 4 k 1;

( a + b )2 (2 b )2
a b 32b b
)

:
=

a b
a + b a + b

( a + b 2 b )( a + b + 2 b ) ( a b ) 2 32b b
=
:
ab
a+ b

=
=

( a b )( a + 3 b a + b )( a + b )
( a b) 32b b

4 b
32b b

1
;
8b

4 3 4 3

x y
x ( x 4 y )( x + 4 xy + y 4
(4 x 4 y ) 4 + 1 =
)
( x + 4 y
4
4

x y
y ( x 4 y )( x 4 y )

StudyPort.ru
4

x +4 y
4

x + 4 xy + y x 24 xy y

x +4 y

3 + ab2 a2b b3

4 5

4 4

4 5

b + a b ab a

(a + b)( a b )
4

(a + b)( b a )

50. a)

(x

x 1
1
x + x2

0,5

+1

x +4 y
4

a (a + b) b(a + b)

b(a + b) 4 a(a + b)

(4 a 4 b )(4 a + 4 b )

x0,5 + 1
1,5

a 4 b

2
x

0,5

4 xy (4 x + 4 y )
(4 x + 4 y )4 y

= 4 x ;

= ( 4 a + 4 b ).

( x0,5 1)( x0,5 + 1)( x1,5 + 1)


( x + x0,5 + 1)( x0,5 + 1)

+ 2 x0,5 =

1)( x0,5 1)
+ 2 x0,5 = ( x0,5 1) 2 + 2 x0,5 = x + 1;
1

99

1
1
1
1 1
1 1

4 4

(ab) 4 b 2 1 1
4)
ab
(
ab
b
a

b
:
:
) a 2 b 2
= a2 b2 1 1
=
1 1
1

a b
a b

a + a 2b 2
a 2 (a 2 + b 2 )

1 1

1 1

(a 2 b 2 (a 2 + b 2 ) a 2 b)(a b)

1
(a 2

1 1 1
+ b 2 )b 4 (a 4

1 1

a 2 b 2 a 2 (a 2 b 2 )
1

1
b4 )

a 2 b 2 (a 2 + b 2 b 2 )(a 2 b 2 )(a 2 + b 2 )
1
(a 2

1 1 1
+ b 2 )b 4 (a 4

1
b4 )

ab 2 ( a 4 + b 4 )
=
= ab 2 (a 4 + b 4 );
1

a 4 b 4
1
3

2 y2
x
x
y

1 1
1 1


x x2 y2 x2 +y2
1 1
1
1

2 y2 + y
2 y2
x
x
x
3x
+
= 1

1
1
1
1
x 2 (2x 2 + y 2 )
x2

1 1

2 y2
+
2
x
x
)

3x

x + x2 y2 + y x + x2 y2
1

3x
=

1
1
1

x 2 (2x 2 + y 2 )

3x

x 2 ( 2x 2 + y 2 )

x2

y 2 ( 2x 2 + y 2 )

= 3y 2 ;

x2

StudyPort.ru
1
1
1

c
2 1

2
2
2
2
2
1 c
2c
2
c c
c 2 c + c
)
2 +
1 + 2 =
1
1
1
1

1 1
c2
c
c

c
c

c 2 c 2
2
2
c
c
c c

c2 + 2
2
c

c
c2

100

(c 2 1) c 2 c (1 c3 ) c
= 2
2 + 2
c (c 1)
c
c (c 1)

(c + 1 2 (1 + c + c 2 ))
7

51. a)

5 2

c4
(c 2 + 2)2

a 3 2a 3 b 3 + ab 3
5 4 1
2
2
a 3 a 3 b 3 ab 3 + a 3 b

1
3

c2 c
c2 + 2
4

c2
=

c2 + 2

.
2 2

a ( a 3 2a 3 b 3 + b 3
1
5
2
4 1 2
a 3 (( a 3 ab 3 ) ( a 3 b 3 a 3 b))

a(a 3 b 3 ) 2

2 1

a 3 ( a 3 b 3 )(a a 3 b 3 )

a(a 3 b 3 )
1

= a3 + b3;

a(a 3 b 3 )

1
1
1 1 1
1

4 y4)
4 )x 2 y 2
2
(
2
(
x
y

x
x

y
)
=
x y
x y :
1 1
1
1
1 1

1 1

x 2 y 4 x 4 y 2
x 2 y 2
4
4
y

y2 x2

1 1

( y x) x 2 y 2
1

c 1
3
c4

1
+ c2

1
3(ab) 2

3b
+
a b

1 1

1
c4

1 1
1

+1 =

+1
1
(a 2

c 1
1 1
c 2 (c 4

1
3
b 2 )3 + 2a 2
3
a2

3
a2

1
2

1
2;

1
c2

+1 =

1
c2

1 +1 =

1
c2;

+1

1 1
3b 2 (a 2
1
(a 2

1
c4

b2 )

1
1
2
b )(a 2

1
+ b2 )

3
+ b2

c 4 (c 4 + 1)

+ 1)

3
+ b2

3
+ b2

= y

x2 y2

a 2 3ab 2 + 3a 2 b b 2 + 2a 2 + b 2

(x 2 + y 2 )

( y 2 + x 2 )x 2 y 2

c2 + c4
1
c2

(2 x 2 y 2 x y )

StudyPort.ru
=

3b 2

1
a2

1
+b2

1
+ 3a 2

a a 2b2 +b2
3
a2

3
+b2

3b 2 + 3a 2
1
a2

1
+b2

= 3.

6.

52. a) tg 2 sin 2 tg 2 sin 2 =


=
)

sin 2 sin 2 cos 2 sin 4


cos 2

sin 2
2

cos

sin 2

sin 4

cos 2

sin 2 (1 cos 2 sin 2 )


cos 2

sin 2 0
cos 2

= 0;

sin 2 (sin + cos ) cos2 (cos + sin )


+
=
sin
cos

= sin (sin + cos ) + cos (cos + sin ) =

(sin + cos ) 2 =| sin + cos |;

101

) (3 sin + 2 cos ) 2 + (2 sin 3 cos ) 2 = 9 sin 2 + 12 sin cos +


+ 4 cos 2 + 4 sin 2 12 sin cos + 9 cos 2 = 9(sin 2 + cos 2 ) +
+ 4(sin 2 + cos 2 ) = 13;
)

cos tg
sin 2

ctg cos =

1
cos 2
1 cos2 sin 2
= sin .
=
=

sin sin
sin
sin

53. ) 2tg tg( ) + ctg(


sin( )
)

sin( )

3
) = 2tg tg + tg = 2tg;
2

tg
2

+
ctg

cos
= 1 1 + 1 = 1 ;

sin +
2

tg ( ) cos( ) tg

2
=
)

sin ctg + tg
+

( tg ) ( cos ) ctg
cos
=
=1;
( 1) cos ( tg ) ctg cos

3
16
13
3

cos
tg + sin sin
2
2
9
18

=
)
5
11
cos 2
ctg( ) cos sin
18

2
5
2
5

ctg ( ) sin 2
cos
( 1)( 1) sin
cos

9
18
9
18

=
=
= 1.
5
2
5
2
ctg cos
sin +
sin
cos
1

18
9
18
9

StudyPort.ru
54. )

tg ( + ) tg tg
= tg ;
tg tg( + )

tg ( + ) tg tg
=
tg tg ( + )
tg + tg tg + tg 2 tg tg + tg tg 2
1 tg tg
=
=
tg ( tg + tg )
1 tg tg
tg + tg tg + tg 2 tg tg + tg tg 2
=
=
tg ( tg + tg )
tg tg ( tg + tg )
= tg .
=
tg ( tg + tg )

, .
102

1 cos 2 + sin 2
= tg ;
1 + cos 2 + sin 2

1 cos 2 + sin 2 2 sin2 + 2 sin cos sin


=
=
= tg.
1 + cos 2 + sin 2 2 cos2 + 2 sin cos cos
.
cos( + ) + cos( )
= ctg ;
)
sin( + ) + sin( )

cos cos sin sin + cos cos + sin sin 2 cos cos
=
= ctg .
sin cos + cos sin + sin cos cos sin 2sin cos

.
)

sin sin 3
= ctg 2 ;
cos cos 3
sin (sin cos 2 + cos sin 2 )
sin sin 3
=
=
cos cos 3
cos (cos cos 2 sin sin 2 )
sin (sin (1 2 sin 2 ) + cos 2 sin cos )
=
=
cos (cos (1 2 sin 2 ) sin 2 sin cos )
sin sin + 2 sin 3 2 sin cos 2
=
=
cos cos + 2 cos sin 2 + 2 sin 2 cos
sin (sin 2 cos 2 )
cos 2 sin 2
cos 2
=
=
=
= ctg 2 .
2
2 sin cos
sin 2
2 sin cos

.
1 1

2 2

55. )

1 1

< < 2.
+ cos = cos
2 2
4

StudyPort.ru
< < 2,
1 1 1

(1 + cos ) =
2 2 2

1 1

+ cos =
2 2
2

= cos

,
4

< < cos < 0 .


2
2 2

1 1 1

2 cos2
=
2 2 2
2

1 1

cos =
2 2
2

(1 + cos ) = cos 2
= cos =
2
2
4
4

< < , cos > 0,


4 4 2
4

cos

= cos .
4
4

103

1 1

cos 2 = 2 cos
2 2
4 2

< <

<<

3
.
2

3
, sin < 0, | sin|= sin.
2

2
cos 2
=
1 sin = 1 + sin = sin + sin = 2 sin
2
2
2


= 2 sin + cos = 2 cos cos =
4
2
4
2

4 2 4 2
2



= 2 cos 2 = 2 cos ,
4
2

4 2


< < , < < , cos > 0.
4 4 2
2 4 2
4
4 2

.
1 1
+
2 2

1 1

+ cos 2 = cos
< < 2,
2 2
2
2

3
< < .
4
2

,
1 1 1 1
+
+ cos 2 =
2 2 2 2
1
=
(1 + cos ) = cos 2
2

1 1
cos 2 =
+
2 2

= cos .
2
2

1 1
+ cos =
2 2

StudyPort.ru
) 1 +

1 1
3

cos = 2 cos
< < 2,
2 2
2
4 2

3
< <.
4
2

1 1

cos = 1 + sin2 = 1 + sin = sin + sin =


2 2
2
2
2
2


+



= 2sin 2 2 cos 2 2 = 2 sin cos =
2
2
2
4
4

4 4

1+



= 2 cos2 = 2 cos .
4
4
4 4


< < 2, < < , cos > 0 .

4 4 4
8
2
4 4

.
104

56. ) cos cos


- cos

4
5
4
2

4
2

cos = cos cos cos = cos cos cos ;


7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7

4
1

2
cos
sin = sin ;
cos
7
7
7
7 8
7

:
1

2
4
1
2
2
4
2sin cos cos cos = 2 sin cos cos =
2
7
7
7
7
2
7
7
7
8
4
1
4
1 4
2
2
1
= 2sin cos cos = sin cos = sin =
7
7
8
7
7
4
7
7
4
1
1

= sin + = sin ;
8
7 8
7

,
.
sin 20o

cos 20o

1
4 sin 20o sin 50o = sin 20o
4 sin 50o =

cos 20o

1 2(sin 30 o + sin 70 o )
=
= sin 20 o

cos 20 o

o
o
1 1 2 sin 70o

= 2 sin 20o sin(90 20 ) =


= sin 20o
o
o

cos 20
cos 20

cos 20 o
= 2 sin 20 o
cos 20 o

= 2 sin 20 o . .

StudyPort.ru
1

sin 10

4 sin 70 o =

1 + 2 cos 80 o 2
sin 10 o

1 4 sin 10 o sin 70 o
sin 10

1 + 2 (cos 80 o cos 60 o )
sin 10 o

1
o
o
o
2 = 2 cos( 90 10 ) = 2 sin 10 = 2 .
o
sin 10
sin 10 o

) cos 20 o + 2 sin 2 55 o 2 sin 65 o = cos 20 o + 1 cos 110 o


2 sin 45 o sin 65 o = cos 20 o + 1 cos 110 o + cos 110 o cos 20 o = 1.
.

105

57. ) .

tgx + ctgx 2 = tgx +

tg 2 x + 1 2 tgx ( tgx 1) 2
1
2=
=
0,
tgx
tgx
tgx

(tgx 1)2 0; tgx > 0 x (0;

).
2

.
) , ,

sin +
3

=

sin + sin +
12 4 2 12 4


2 sin +
2 sin + 4 sin + cos +
3
3

6 2 6 2 =
=
=
=



2 sin + cos + sin +
sin +
12 4 12 4
6 2
6 2

3

= 4 cos + = 4
cos 4 sin =
2
2
2
6 2
5
= + :
12 4 2 12 4

= 2 3 cos
2 3 cos

2 sin .
2
2

2 sin + 2 sin 2 3 2 3 cos 2 3 ,


2
2
2
2

.
)
, :

StudyPort.ru
(1 + sin + cos)(sin + cos 1)(1 + (cos sin))
(1 (cos sin)) = ((sin + cos)2 1)(1 (cos sin)2) =
= (sin2 + cos2 + 2sincos 1) (1 cos2 sin2 + 2sincos) =
=2sincos 2sincos = sin22 1.
.
) :
2sin4sin2 + cos6 = cos2 cos6 + cos6 = cos2 1.
.
4

58. ) cos + sin , sin2=

2
. cos4+sin4=cos4+2sin2
3

cos2+ sin4 2sin2 cos2 = (cos2 + sin2)2

106

1 2
1
sin 2 = 1 sin22;
2
2

sin2 =

1 2
1 4
2 7
2
, 1 = 1 = 1 = .
2 3
2 9
9 9
3

2 , tg = m.
)
1 + sin
2

1 2 sin 2
cos 2 + sin 2 2 sin 2
cos 2 sin 2
2 =
2
2
2
2
2 =
=

2
1 + sin
2
2
sin
(cos + sin )
+ cos
+ 2 sin cos
2
2
2
2
2
2

cos
sin
2
2

cos sin
cos
cos
1 tg
2
2 =
2
2 =
2 ;
=

cos + sin
cos
sin
1 + tg
2
2
2 +
2
2

cos
cos
2
2

1 tg

2 = 1 m .
tg = m,
1+ m
2
1 + tg
2
1 2 sin 2

) sintg =

sin 2 1
1
,
= , 2cos2 + cos 2 = 0,
2
cos
2

1 17
1 17
1 17
,
< 1, cos=
.
4
4
4

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cos=

) tg

1 cos
1 1 sin 2
, 2 =
,
=
2
sin
sin

2 sin 1 = 1 sin 2 , 1 + 2 2 sin 2 + 2 sin 2 = 1 sin 2 ,

3 sin 2 + 2 2 sin = 0, (3 sin + 2 2 ) sin = 0 , sin 0,

sin =
cos2
cos

2 2
8
7
. cos2 = 1 2sin2 = 1 2 = ;
3
9
9

1
1 1 2
8
1
1
= (1 + cos) = (1 + 1 sin2 ) = (1 + 1 ) = + = ,
2 6 3
9
2
2
2 2

3
2
2
=
,
, cos =
.
< <
2
3
2
3
2 2
2

107

59. ) lgtg1 + lgtg2 + + lgtg89 tg1 = tg89,


tg1 = tg(90 89) = ctg89, tg2 = ctg88.
lgtg1 + lgtg2 + + lgtg89 = lg (tg1 tg2 tg89) =
= lg (ctg89 ctg88 tg45 tg88 tg89) = lg1 = 0.
) lgtg1 lgtg2 lgtg89 = lgtg1 lgtg2 lgtg45 lgtg89 = 0.
60. ) lgsin32 lgcos7 lgtg40 lgctg20.
; ctg20 1,
10 0;
,

, , lgsin32 lgcos7 lgtg40 lgctg20 < 0.
) lgtg2+ lgtg4+ lgctg2+ lgctg4= lg (tg2 tg4 ctg2 ctg4) = lg1 = 0.
61. tg

tg

1 cos
=
.
2
1 + cos

y
x
z 1 cos x 1 cos y 1 cos z
+ tg 2 + tg 2 =
+
+
=
2
2
2 1 + cos x 1 + cos y 1 + cos z

a
a
1
b
c
b
c = b+ca + c+ab + a+bc =
+
+
+
+
a
a
a+b+c a+b+c a+b+c
1+
1+
b+c
b+c

a
b+c +
a
1+
b+c
1

b+c a +c + a b+ a +bc a +b+c


=
= 1.
a+b+c
a+b+c

7. ,

StudyPort.ru
62. ) 3400 4300; 3400 = (34)100 = 81100, 4300 = (43)100 = 64100,
81 > 64, 81100 > 64100, , 3400 > 4300;

) log5
7

log 3 1

1
5

=7

log 3 1

log 3 1

; log5

1
1
= log5
5
5

= log55 = 1,

= 7 = 1, , log5

1
log 1
=7 3 ;
5

) 5200 2500; 5200 = 25100, 2500 = 32100,


32 > 25, 25100 < 32100, , 5200 < 2500;
) log4 2 log3
log3
108

1
; log4 2 = log2
81

( 2)

1
2

= log2 2 4 =

1
1
= log3(3)4 = 4; , log4 2 > log3 .
81
81

1
,
4

63. ) log32 + log37 = log3 (2 7) = log314; log3 (2 + 7) = log39 = 2;


y = log3t , 3 > 1, , log314 > log39,
, log32 + log37 > log3 (2 + 7);
5
) log45 log43 = log4 , log4 (5 3) = log42; y = log4t ,
3
5
4 > 1, , log42 > log4 , , log45log43<log4 (53);
3
) 3log72=log78>0, log7 (32)=log71=0, , 3log72>log7 (3 2);
) log31,5 + log32 = log3 (1,5 2) = log33 = 1, log31,52 = log32,25,
= log3t 3 > 2,25, log32,25 < log33, ,
log31,5 + log32 > log31,52.
1 1
log 9 4
2

64. ) 81 4

1
log 5 8
+ (5 3
)2

) 2

4 log 4 a

+ 25 log125 8 = 81 4 : 81log9

1
3 : 4 + (8 3 ) 2

1
log
52

+ 25log125 8 = 4 81 : (9 log9

4 2

) +

3 3 2 3
3
+ 8 = +4= 4 ;
4
4
4
2

a 0 = 2 2 log 2 a 5 log5 a 1 = 2 log 2 a 5 log5 a 1 =

= a 2 a 1.

65. ) 491log7 2 + 5 =
1

) 36 2

log 6 5

49
(7 log 7 2 ) 2

+ 2log 2 10 =

+5 =

36
(6log 6 5 ) 2

49
1
+ 5 = 12 + 5 = 17,25 ;
4
4
1

2log 2 10

6
1
24 + 10
+
=
= 0,34 .
25 10
100

lg 8 + lg 18 lg 144 lg 12 2 2 lg 12
=
=
=
=2;
2 lg 2 + lg 3 lg 12
lg 12
lg 12

StudyPort.ru
66. )

) 2log0,33 2log0,310 = log0,39 log0,3100 = log0,3 9

100

= log0,3(0,3)

= 2;

3 lg 2 + 3 lg 5 lg 8 + lg 125 lg 1000
3
=
=
=
= 3 ;
1
lg 13 lg 130
lg 0,1
lg 0,1

) (2log122 + log123)(2log126 log123) = log1212 log1212 = 1.


67. ) 25b3 4 7 = 5;

log525 + log5b3 + log5 4 7 = 2 + 3 log5b +


)

0,0016b 4
7

c c2

7
log5c;
4

= 0,2, b > 0, c > 0;


109

log0,20,0016 + 4 log0,2b log0,2


68. a) log4x = 2log410 +
x=

10 2 813
3

125

1
2

2
7

= 4 + 4 log0,2b 1

3
2
log481
log4125;
4
3

) log 1 x = log 1 16 log 1 8 + log 1 28 ;


3

69. a)

7,832 4 12,98
5,256

102,3 2
92,14 6,341

2
log0,2c.
7

100 27
= 108 ;
25

x=

16 28
= 4.
8

7,832 1,8981
0,5381 ;
27,6256

10465,3
365,94 .
4,5101 6,341

70. log32 log43 log54 log65 log109 =

lg 2 lg 3 lg 4 lg 5 lg 6 lg 7 lg 8 lg 9
lg 2

=
= lg 2 0,3010 .
lg 3 lg 4 lg 5 lg 6 lg 7 lg 8 lg 9 lg 10 lg 10
( 3 1)( 3 + 1)

3 1
2
,
=
=
3 +1
3 +1
3 +1
( 6 + 2)( 6 2)
64
2
,
=
=
6 +2 =
6 2
6 2
6 2
2
2
+ log 2
=
log 2 ( 3 1) + log 2 ( 6 + 2) = log 2
3 +1
6 2
= log 2 2 log 2 ( 3 + 1) + log 2 2 log 2 ( 6 2) = 2 A.

71.

3 1 =

StudyPort.ru
3.

8.

72. ) =C=DC=x,

CF==
S=

BC + AD
BE ;
2

S ( x) =

110

, =DF=
.
2
2

x+x+

x 3
2
x
2x + x 3
2
=
2
2
4

).

) = x, = = CD = 2x = EF,
:

= x 3 .

(t) = 2x + 2x + 2x + 2x + 2 3 x = 2x (4 + 3 ).
73.

a) = , = = 1 = ,
x 3
. :
2
1
V = S AA1; S = BC AD.
2

AD =

V(x) =

x 3
x3 3
1
x
x=
.
2
2
4

) , =
S = P 1; = 3
S() = 3

4
3

4
3

4
3

= 33

, 1 = =

4
3

4
3

16 2
16 2
. : S() = 3 3
.
3
3

74. 1) x = sin t + x0 ; 2) = x(t ) = cos t .


75.
) I 6 30 , II 7 ;
) I 4 + 1,5 = 5,5 , II 2,5 + 2 = 4,5 ;
) I 4 , II 2 30 ;
) I 1 , II 2,5 ;
20
) I =
= 5 (/),
4
20
1
=
= 13 (/);
1,5
3

StudyPort.ru
111

II

20
= 10 (/);
2

20
= 8 (/),
2,5

) =
=

40
3
= 7 (/),
5,5
11

40
8
= 8 (/).
4
9

76.
) 1) (; 3][2; 1,5)

2) [3; 2](1,5; );
3) max = 3, (3) = 2,5, min = 2, (2) = 0,5;
4) max = 3,5 = 1,5, min = 0,5 = 2;
5) = 1,5, (1,5) = 3,5; 6) (; 1,5) (1,5; );
7) , .
) 1) ;

StudyPort.ru
2) ; 3) ; 4) max , min = 0, = 2, 0, 2;
5) 2; 0; 2; 4; 6; 8; 0;
6) (4; 2), (2; 0), (2; 4), (4; 6), (6; 8);
7) , .
) 1) (; 3][1; 0)(0; 1][3; );

2) [3; 1](1; 3];


3) max = 3, (3) = 1,5, max = 1, (1) = 2,
min = 1, (1) = 2, min = 3, (3) = 1,5;
4) max = 2 = 1, min = 2 = 1;
112

5) = 0, ;
6) (; 0)(0; ); 7) .
1) (; 2,5](0; 2,5];

2) [2,5; 0) [2,5; );
3) max = 2,5, (2,5) = 2,5, max = 2,5, (2,5) = 2,5,
min = 0, (0) = 0,5;
4) max = 2 = 2 = 2, min = 0,5 = 0;
6) ; 7) .
77. ) D(y) : x2 + 2x 8 0, x 4, x 2,
D(y) : x (; 4)(4, 2)(2; +);
) 4 1 0, (2 1)(2 + 1) 0, 1, 1,
D(y) : (; 1)(1; 1)(1; );

) 4 92 + 20 0, 5 , 5 , 2, 2,
D(y) : (; 5 )( 5 ; 2)(2; 2)(2; 5 )( 5 ; );
) 32 5 + 4 0, D < 0, D(y) : (;).
78. ) 3 0, (2 1) 0, 0, 1, 1;
(; 1)(1; 0)(0; 1)(1; );
) 1 0, 1; (; 1)(1; );
) 0. (; 0)(0; );
) 33 22 + 5 = 0, ( + 1)(32 5 + 5) = 0,
=1, 325+50 .. D<0, (;1)(1;).
79.
) () = ()3 3() = 3 + 3 = (3 3) = ()
;

StudyPort.ru
) () =

5( ) 3

1 ( ) 2

5 3

1 2

5 3

1 2

= ( ) ;

) () = ( ) 4 (( ) 2 + 2) = 4 ( 2 + 2) = ( ) ;
) () =

| x | +2
( x)

| x | +2
( x) 2

= y ( x) .

80.

x 1
> 0 , ( x 1)3x > 0 ,
3x

113

1
y ( ) < 0,
2

(3) > 0,

y (2) > 0;

y > 0 x (; 0) (1; ) ,

y < 0 (0; 1);


2 4 5

9 2

> 0,

( x 5)( x + 1)
> 0 , y (8) < 0, y ( 4) > 0, y (4) < 0 ,
(3 x)(3 + x)

y (0) < 0, y ( 2) > 0;


y > 0 x (3; 1) (3; 5),

y < 0 x (; 3) ( 1; 3) (5; ) ;
2 3
> 0,
5
5 x 2x + 3
>0,
5 x
8 3x
> 0, y (9) > 0, y (4) < 0, y (0) > 0; y > 0
5 x
2
2
x (; 2 ) (5; ), y < 0 x (2 ; 5) ;
3
3

) 1

) y = 2 x 2 5 x + 2, 2 x 2 5 x + 2 > 0,
1
2( x )( x 2) > 0, y > 0
2
1
1
x (; ) (2; ), y < 0 x ( ; 2) .
2
2

81.

StudyPort.ru
) = 42 + 3 1. : = 8 + 3 .
3
8

: 8 +3 = 0, 8 = 3, = ,
y (0) > 0, y (1) < 0,

3
;
8
3
3
[ ; ) , (; ] .
8
8

, =

) = 1

2
2
. : y = 2 .

= 0.
y (2) > 0,

y (3) > 0;

D().
114

) = ( 1)4 2. : y = 4( x 1) 3 .
= 1.
y (3) > 0, y (0) < 0;
= 1 ;

[1; ), (; 1].
) =

+1
2
= 1+
1
x 1

:
( 1) ( + 1)
( 1)

1 1
( 1)

2
( 1) 2

= 1. (3) < 0, y (0) < 0;


D(y).
82.
) = 3 5;
D ( x) : x (; ) ; E ( y ) : y ( ; ) ;
2
3

: 3 5 = 0, x = 1 ;

:
2
3

2
3

> 0 x (1 ; ) , < 0 x (; 1 ) ;

StudyPort.ru
, = 3 = const, D.

) = 22 7 + 3; D( x) : x (; ) ;
8
7
1
= , y 0 = 3 ,
2a
4
8
1
E ( y ) : y ( 3 ; ) ;
8
x0 =

1
2

: 22 7 + 3 = 0, x1 = , x 2 = 3 ;

115

1
2

1
2

> 0 x (; ) (3; ) ,
= 4 7, 4 7 = 0, = 1

< 0 x ( ; 3) ;

3
,
4

3
1
= (1 ) = 3 ;
4
8

(2) > 0, (0) <0,


3
4

[1 ; ) ,
1
; D ( x) : x (; ),
4
1
: 2 = 0,
4

) = 2

3
4

(; 1 ] .
E ( y ) : y (; ) ;

x=8;

> 0 x < 8, y < 0 x > 8; =


) = 12 4 2;
D(x): x ( ; ) ; x0 = 2; y0 = 16;

1
D(y);
4

E ( y ) : y ( ; 16) ; : 12 4 2 = 0,

2 + 4 12 = 0, 1 = 6,
2 = 2, > 0 (6; 2) ,
< 0 ( ; 6) ( 2; ) ;

StudyPort.ru
= 4 2, 4 2 = 0,
= 2, (0) < 0, (6) > 0, = 2 ,
(2) = 16; (; 2], [2; ).
3
,
+1
D(x): x (; 1) (1; ) ;

83. ) = 2

E ( y ) : y (; 2) ( 2; ) ;
2 + 2 3
3
= 0,
=0,
+1
+1
1
2 1 = 0, = ;
2

: 2

116

2 1
> 0 , (2 1)( + 1) > 0, (2) > 0,
+1

y(0) < 0,
1
2

1
2

y(2) > 0, y > 0 (; 1) ( ; ) , < 0 (1; ) ;


=

3
( + 1) 2

(2) > 0, y(0) > 0,



= 1; ; (; 1)(1; ).
) = ( 2)3 1; D(x): x (; ); E(y): y (; ); :
( 2)3 1 = 0, ( 2 1)(2 4 + 4 + 2 + 1) = 0,
( 3)(2 3 + 3) = 0, = 3 2 3 + 3 = 0
;

:
y(4) > 0, y(2) < 0, y > 0
(3; ), < 0
(;3);
= 3( 2)2,
3( 2)2 = 0, = 2,

StudyPort.ru
(4) > 0, (0) > 0,
;
D(y).

) =

4 +1

= 1+

1
x4

D(y): x (; 0)(0; );
E(y): y (1; ); ;
y > 0 D(x);
= 0 ;
(1) < 0, (1) > 0,
117

(; 0),
(0; ).

) = 4 ( + 2)4;
D(x): x (; );
E(y): y (; 4];
: 4 ( + 2)4 = 0,
( + 2)4 = 4, 1 + 2 =
1 =

2,

2 2,

2 2

22

2 = 2 2;
:

2 2

2 2

(2) > 0, y(3) < 0,


y(10) < 0;
y = 4(x + 2)3,
4(x + 2)3 = 0,
(x + 2)3 = 0, x = 2,
y(0) < 0, y(3) > 0, x = 2 , (2) = 4;
(; 2), (2; ).
84.
)
)

StudyPort.ru
118

85.
) 0 = 3 + ,
= 4, < 0
= 2;

) 2 + 2 = 0,
2 + 2 = 0,
1 = 2, 2 = 1,
[2; 1]
= 2 + 2,
(; 2)(1; )
= 2 + 2;

StudyPort.ru
) > 3
= 2 + 3,
= + 3,
< 3
= 2 ( + 3),
= 3 3;

) > 0
= 2 4 + 3,
< 0
= 2 + 4 + 3.

119

86.
) > 0 =

+1
,

< 0 = 1

) =

1
2

1
;

+2;

) > 0
2
2
=
, = 1 ,

< 0
2
2
=
, = 1 ;

) =

2 3 1

StudyPort.ru
3

87. ) 2 = + 6, 2 6 = 0, 1 = 3, 2 = 2. : .
3
)
= 4( + 1), 0, 3 = 4( + 1) , 3 = 4 2 + 4 ,

4 + 4 3 = 0,

: .
120

D = 16 + 48 = 64 , x1 =

4 8
1
1
= 1 , x2 = .
8
2
2

) x = 2 x + 1, x 2 x 1 = 0 .
D = 4 + 4 = 8, x2 = 1 + 2 , x2 = 1 2 ,
2 = 1 2 .
: .
)

= 2 2, 0, 1 = 4 2 2 , 4 2 2 1 = 0 . = ,

D = 4 + 4 = 8, x2 = 1 + 2 , x2 = 1 2 ,
2 = 1 + 2 , 2 = 1 2 . : .
88. ) = 3 6 + 2 [0; 1]. (0)=00+2>0,
(1) = 1 6 + 2 = 3 < 0. , .. 0.
2
9

7
9

) (1)=13+ = 1 <0,

2
9

2
9

(2)=1612+ = 4 >0,

[1; 2].
) (1) = 1 + 3 5 = 1 < 0 () = 5 + 3 5 I;
(2) = 32 + 6 5 = 33 > 0, [1; 2].
) = 4 + 23 5 I; (1) = 4 2 + 1 = 3 > 0,
(2) = 4 + 16 32 < 0, [1; 2].
89.
) 1 = 4 3 2 = + 2.
) 1 = 2 2 2 = .

StudyPort.ru
: [0,5; ).

: 0; 1.

1
) 1 = 2 = 4.

) 1 = 2 + 2 + 2 2 = + 1.

: 0,5; 0,5.

: (; ).
121

90.

) 1 = 3 2 =

8
.
1

) y1 = |1| 2 = 2||

: 2 1,5.

: 0,5; 1,5.

1
) 1 = 2 = .

) y1 = | 1| 2 = 3 ||

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: 1; 1.

: 1; 2.

91.
b.
1 = 2a + b,
10 = 5a + b,

3a = 9, a = 3, b = 5

: = 3, b = 5.
122

92.
)

) > 0, ;
b
<0;
2a

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b > 0, , x 0 =

c < 0, ;
D > 0, ;

) ) : < 0, b < 0, c < 0, D = 0;

) > 0, b < 0, c > 0, D < 0; ) < 0, b < 0, c = 0, D > 0;


) < 0, b < 0, c < 0, D < 0; ) > 0, b > 0, c > 0, D = 0;
93. ) , : = 2, =c;
) , = a; ) .
94. ) y =

) y =

1
x
; ) y = (3) + ( x 3 x | x |) ;
+
|x| |x|

x2
x4 1

x3 x
x4 1

; ) y = ( x 4 + 8) + (2 x5 3x) .
123

95. ) y ( x) = 5 ( x) 6 2( x) 2 3 = 5 x 6 2 x 2 3 = y ( x) ;

) y( x) = 4( x) 5 2( x) 3 + ( x) = 4 x 5 + 2 x 3 x = y( x) ;
) y ( x) =

= y ( x) ;
( x) + 1 x + 1
2
2
) y ( x) =
=
= y ( x) .
3
x3
( x)
2

9.
96. ) cos2x 0, x

+ n, n Z ;
2

) 1 + 2 sin 2 x 0, sin 2 x
x ( 1) k +1

k
+
,
12 2

3
3 cosx 0,
2

1

, 2 x (1) k + k , k Z ,
2
6

kZ ;

3
3
3

3 cosx , cosx
, cosx
, x + 2n, nZ ;
2
2
6
2 3

x
x
x
x
0, sin 0 cos 0 ,
2
2
2
2
x k

+ n, k Z , x = k , k Z .
2
2

) sin cos

sin x 0,
97. ) sin x cos x 0,

sin x 0,

cos x 0

cos x 0.

StudyPort.ru
: x [ n;

+ n],
2

nZ .

x 0,

)
n .

x + n.

) sin 2 x cos 2 x 0, cos 2 x 0,


124

3
+ 2n 2 x
+ 2n ,
2
2


3
+ n x
+ n, n Z .
4
4

3
: x [ + n;
+ n], n Z .
4
4
n Z,

sin x 0,
)

cos x 0.

: x [2n;

+ n; ], n Z .
2

98. ) E ( y ) : y [2; 4];


) E ( y ) : y [1; 5];

) E ( y ) : y (2; 2);
) E ( y ) : y [1; 1] .

1
2

99. ) E ( y ) : y [ ; + );

) y = 1 cos 4 x , 1 cos4x 0, 0 < y 2 , E ( y ) : y [0; 2 ];


) y =

3
3
=
=
cos x 1 1 cos x

3
, E ( y ) : y [; ];
x
2
2 sin
2
1
a + 2 , E ( y ) : y ( ; 2] U [ 2; + ) .
a
2

) y = tgx + ctgx = tgx +

1
,
tgx

100. ) > 0


+ 2n < x + < + 2n,
2
4 2

nZ ,

StudyPort.ru
3

+ 2n < x < + 2n, n Z ;


4
4

3
y < 0
+ 2n < x + <
+ 2n, n Z ,
2
4
2

5
+ 2n < x <
+ 2n, n Z .
4
4
3

: y > 0 x ( + 2n; + 2n), n Z ;


4
4

5
y < 0 x ( + 2n;
+ 2n), n Z .
4
4

) y < 0, 1 tg3x < 0, tg3x >1 + n < 3x < + 2n, n Z ,


4
2
n
n
+
<x< +
, n Z ; y > 0 , 1 tg3x > 0,
12 3
6 3

125

n
5 n

5
+ n < 3x < + n, n Z , + < x < + , nZ .
2
4
6 3
12 3
n n
: y < 0 x + ; + , n Z ;
12 3 6 3

tg3x < 1

y > 0 x +

n 5 n
;
+ , n Z .
3 12 3

x
2
,
<
2
2
x 5

+ 2n; + 2n , x
+ 4n;
+ 4n ;
2 4
4
2

) y > 0, sin

y < 0, sin

3
x
2

, x + 4k;
+ 4k , k , n Z .
>
2
2
2
2

) > 0, 1 + 2 cos 2 x > 0, 2 cos 2 x > 1, cos 2 x >


2
2
+ 2n < 2 x <
+ 2n, n Z ,
3
3

1
,
2

+ n < x < + n, n Z ;
3
3
1
< 0, 1 + 2 cos 2 x < 0, 2 cos 2 x < 1, cos 2 x < ,
2
2
4

2
+ 2n < 2 x <
+ 2n, n Z ,
+ n < x <
+ 2n, n Z .
3
3
3
3

: > 0 x ( + n; + n), n Z , y < 0


3
3

2
x ( + n; + n), nZ .
3
3

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x
2

x
2

101. ) y ( x) = tg (3x) ctg( ) = tg 3x + ctg = y( x) ;

) y ( x) =

sin( x) cos 2 ( x) sin x cos 2 x


= y ( x) ;
=
( x)
x
( x)3 ( x)
3

= sin x + x = sin x x =
( x)2 1
x2 1
x2 1

) y(x) = sin

= sin

x3 x

= y ( x) ;
x 2 1
sin( x)
sin x
sin x
cos( x) =
cos x =
cos x = y( x) .
) y( x) =
x
x
x

126

102. ) c T =

2
; ) ;
5

) , T = 2 ;
2

) y = sin x + 2 sin x cos x + cos x = 1 + sin 2x , , T = .


103.

) : cos( x ) = y


cos( x ) = 0 , x = + n,
6
6 2
2
x=
+ n, n Z .
3

y > 0 (

+ 2n;
3

nZ ,

2
+ 2n),
3

n Z , ,

2
5
+ 2n;
+ 2n), n Z , , 3
3
2
. x =
+ 2n, n Z ,
3
5
+ , ; x = + 2n, n Z , 3

y<0 (

+, , .

2
+ 2n], n Z ;
3
5
2

+ 2n; + 2n, n Z ;
3
3

2
5
x max =
+ 2n, n Z , x min =
+ 2n, n Z .
3
3
x
cos
2(sin x)
2
, y = 0.
=
) y =
(1 cos x) 2 2 sin 3 x

: [ + 2n;

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x
cos = 0,
2

x = + 2n, x 2k ,

k, n Z ;

y > 0 x ( + 2n; 2 + 2n), n Z


y < 0 x (2n; + 2n), n Z. ,
x [ + 2n; 2 + 2n), x [2k; + 2k), , x = + 2n
+, , , , .. x 2k .
127

) y = 0,5( sin( 2 x)) (2) = sin( 2 x) = sin( 2 x ) ,

sin(2 x ) = 0,
3

2 x = n, n Z ,
3

2 x = + n, n Z ,
3
n
x= +
, n Z . () > 0
6 2
7
2
7
2

+ n
( + n;
+ n) , n Z, , x + n;
6
3
6
3

2
, < 0 ( + n;
+ n), n Z , ,
6
3
2

+ n ;
x + n;
6
3

5
x max = + n, n Z ; x min =
+ n, n Z .
6
3

) y =

1
2

(2 sin x cos x) =

2 1 sin x

n;

sin 2 x
.
2 | cos x |

+ n; + n , n Z ,

+ n , n Z , max = n, n Z; .
2

StudyPort.ru
104. a) y = cos2x sin2x + sin2x, y = cos2x, ymax = 1, ymin = 0;
) ymin = 3, ymax = 5; ) ymin = 2 , ymax = 2 ;
) ymin = 1, ymax .
105. ) y = 2sin2

128

x
= 1 cosx;
2

) y = 1 cos 2 x =| sin x | ;

) y = 1+ 2 cos 2 x ;

) y = sin x 2 .

106.

) y =

| x | sin x
,
x

>0 = sinx,
< 0 = sinx;
)
y = (sin x cos x) 2 = 1 sin 2 x ;

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+ 2n;
+ 2n), n Z ,
2
2

3
y = 2 cos x ; x ( + 2n;
+ 2n), n Z , = 0;
2
2

) y = cos x + | cos x | , x (

129

) y = sinx ctgx = sin x

cos x
= cos x, x n, n Z .
sin x

107.

a) y =

1 1

+ sin x . 1) D ( y ) : x (; ) . 2) E ( y ) : y ; 1 .
2
6
2 2

1
1

+ sin x = 0, sin x = ,
2
6
6
2

x = (1) k + k , k Z , x = (1) k +1 + + k , k Z .
6
6 6
6

3) :

4) :

7
+ 2m < x <
+ 2m, m Z ,
6
6
6
4
5

2m < x <
+ 2m, m Z ; y < 0, + 2m < x < + 2m, m Z ,
3
6
6
6

+ 2m < x < + 2m, m Z .


3
6
y > 0,

5) , .

6) y = cos( x ), cos x = 0 ,

StudyPort.ru
x

x=


= + n, n Z ,
6 2

+ n,
3

n Z ; + 2n;
+ 2n, nZ ,
3
3

+ 2n;
+ 2n, n Z ,
3

3
130

5
2
+ 2n, n Z , xmin =
+ 2n,
3
3

max =

nZ .

7) 2.
1
2

x
2

) y = tg .
1) D( y) :

x
+ m, m Z ,
2 3 2

x 5
5

+ m, m Z , x
+ 2m, m Z ,
2 6
3

2) (): (; ).
3) :

x
x
= k , k Z ,
tg = 0,
2 3
2 3
2
x=
+ 2k , k Z .
3

1 x
tg = 0,
2 2 3

x
= + k , k Z ,
2 3

4) :
2
5
+ 2n;
+ 2n), n Z ,
3
3

2
< 0, x ( + 2n;
+ 2n), n Z ,
6
3

> 0, x (

5) , .
1
2

6) y =

1
1
1
=
>0
2
x

x
cos 2
4 cos 2
2 3
2 3

D(y), , .
7) , 2.

StudyPort.ru
131

1
2

1
2

) = 1 + cos( x) = 1 + cos( x ) .
1) D(y): x (; ).
1

2) E(y): y ; 1 .
2
2
3) .
4) > 0 D(y).
5) , .
6) , 2.
7)

sin x , sin x = 0 ,
2
4
4

x = n, n Z . x = + n, n Z ,
4
4

+ 2n; + 2n ,
4
4

y =

n Z, + 2n;
+ 2n, n Z ,
4

StudyPort.ru
x max =

5
+ 2n, x min =
+ 2n .
4
4

) = 1 tg2x.

1) D ( y ) : 2 x

k
+ k , k Z , x +
, kZ
2
4 2

2) (): (; ).

3) : tg2x = 1, 2 x =

m
+ m, m Z , x = +
, mZ .
4
8
2

4) :

+ n < 2 x <
4

n
n
+ n, n Z , +
< x < + , nZ ,
4
4 2
8 2

n
n
+ n, n Z ,
+
< x < + , nZ .
2
8 2
4 2

> 0, + n < 2x <


< 0,

5) , .
132

6)
7) y =

2
cos 2 2 x

.
2

<0

D(y),
.

108. y1 = sin

x
2 = 3 ,
10

1(0) = 1(0) 2(0) = 2(0); , 1(0) = 2(0),


.. x0 .
1
1

1
3 1 1
= 2 sin( + ) = 2 sin( + ), <
4
4
3 1
1
, 2 sin( + ) > 0, sin( + )
4

1
) 3 < 2 < 3 ,
4

1
1

cos( + ) sin =

4
4

3 1
,
+ < ,
4 4
1
> cos( + ) ;

109. ) sin( + ) cos( + ) = 2 (sin( + ) cos

, tg2 < 1,
ctg2 > 1,
tg2 < ctg2;

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3

) tg2 < 1, ctg2 > 1, , tg2 < ctg2;


) sin1 >

2
2
, cos1 <
, , sin1 > cos1.
2
2

110.

) sin + cos > 1, 0 < <

; sin + cos > 1, sin + 1 sin2 > 1,


2

1 sin2 > 1 sin; :

133

1 sin2 > (1 sin)2, 1 sin2 > 1 2sin + sin2,


sin2 > 2sin + sin2, sin2 > sin (sin 2),

sin > sin 2, 1 > sin, (0; );


2
) |sin| 1 <

, cos(sin) > 0.
2

111.
a) 1 = sinx 2 = .

: 0.
) 1 = tgx; y2 =

2 cosx,

.
< x < . :
2
2
4

) 1 = tgx; y2 = x.
: 0.

StudyPort.ru
)
1 = cosx
y2 = 1 x2.
: 0.

134

10. ,

112. a) 16x x3 0, x(16 x2 ) 0, x(4 x)(4 + x) 0 .

: (; 4] [0; 4].
) 3 + 8 > 0, 3 > 8, > 2.

: (2; ).
) 5

5x x 2 4
4
0,
0,
x

(2 + 5 4) 0,

(2 + 5 4) 0, x( 1)( 4) 0.

: (; 0) U [1; 4].
) 2 + 20 > 0, ( 4)( + 5) > 0.

: (; 5) U (4; ).
1
3

StudyPort.ru
113. ) 2 3 3 1 0, 3 x ( x 2 ) 0, 3 x ( x

3 > 0 , x
: (;

]U [

3
1

)( x +

) 0,

; ).

) 2sin x 1 0, 2sin x 2o , y = 2 x , sinx 0.


: [2n; + 2n], n Z.
) 4 3 + 2 > 0, 2 3 + 4 > 0, D < 0.
: : (; ).

) sinx > 0.
: : (2n; + 2n), n Z.
135

114.
x 2 5 x + 6 0,

) lg( x + 10) 0,
( x + 10) 2 > 0;

x 2, x 3,

x + 10 1,
x 10.

: x (; 10) U (10; 9) U (9; 2] U [3; ) .


log cos x 0,
cos x 1,
) 5
y = log 5 t ,

cos x > 0;

cos x > 0;

cosx = 1, x = 2n, n Z.
3x 2 > 0,
3 x > 2,
x 2, x 1;
2
x
x

2
0
;

x > ,

3
x 2, x 1.

2
3

: x ( ; 2) U (2; ).

lg 3 x 2 2 x 0,
2
= lgt , 3x 2 x 1,
2
x(3 x 2) > 0;
3 x 2 x > 0;

1
3x 2 x 1 0, x 1 x ;
3
2

x < 0 x > 3 ,

x 1 x 1 .

1
3

: x (; ] U [1; ).
x

1
x +1 0, E( y) : y [0; ) ; ) y = 25 1, E( y) : y (1; ) ;
5
E
(
y
)
:
y

)
E
(
y
)
:
y

(
0
;
+

)
)
; )
.

StudyPort.ru
115. )

1
2

116. ) E ( y ) : y [ ; 2] ;

) E ( y ) : y (; 2] ;

) E ( y ) : y [1; ) ;

) E ( y ) : y [1; ) .

1
2

117. ) 4 > 0, 2 x > 2 2 , y = 2 t , > 2, < 2.

: y > 0 x ( ; 2), y < 0 x ( 2; ) .


log ( x + 3) > 0,
x + 3 > 1,
) 4
= logt ,
x + 3 > 0;

x > 2,
x > 2.

x + 3 > 0; x > 3;

: y > 0 x ( 2; ), y < 0 x ( 3; 2) .
136

) 2 3 x > 0, 3 x > 2, 3 x < 2, y = 3 t , x < log32.


: y > 0 x (; log 3 2), y < 0 x (log 3 2; ) .

) x 4 > 0,
x 0;

x > 4, x > 16 .

: y > 0 x (16; ), y < 0 x [0; 16) .


118. ) 4 x + 2 4 x > 0, 16 4 x 4 x > 0, 15 4 x > 0, .
: > 0 .
lg( x 2) 1 > 0,
)
lg( x 2) > 1, y = lg t ,
x 2 > 0;

x 2 > 10,
x > 2;

lg( x 2) > lg 10,


x > 2;

x > 12,
x > 2.

: y > 0 x (12; ), y < 0 x ( 2; 12) .

) x + 3 > 0, x > 3, x 0.
x 0;

x 0;

: y>0 x [0; ) .
) 2 3 x > 0, 3 x < 2, x < 8 .
: y > 0 x (8; ), y < 0 x (; 8) .
119. ) () = 5 + 5() = 5 + 5 = () ;
) () = lg(1 (x)2) = lg(1 x2) = () ;
1 ( 2 x )
= 2 2 x , ;
) y ( x ) =
2
) y ( x) = x 3 ( x) = x 3 x .

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2

120. ) y ( x) = ( x) 3 = x 3 = y ( x) ;

) y ( x) = 3 x 3( x) = 3 x 3x = (3x 3 x ) = y ( x) ;

) y ( x) = 2cos( x ) = 2cos x = y ( x) ;

) y ( x) = 5 ( x) 4 + 1 = 5 x 4 + 1 = y ( x) .
121.
) 1) D(y): x [0; );
2) E(y): y [1; );

3) : 2 1 = 0,
2 = 1,

1
1
= ,x= ;
2
4

1
1
4

137

4) y > 0 x >
5) y =

1
x

1
1
, y < 0 x [0; );
4
4

, y > 0 , , ;

6) , .
) 1) D(y): x (; );
2) E(y): y (2; );
3) : 41 = 2, 222 = 21,
2 2 = 1, 2 = 3, = 1,5;
4) 41 2 > 0, 222 > 21,
= 2t , 2 2 > 1,

1,5

2 > 3, > 1,5, > 0 x (1,5; ), < 0 x (; 1,5);


5) y = 4x1ln4, 4x1ln4>0, , D(y);
6) , , .
) 1) D(y): x > 1;
2) E(y): y (; );
3) : log2(x + 1) = 0,
x + 1 = 1, x = 0;
4) log2(x + 1) > 0,
y = log2t ,
x + 1 > 1, x > 0; y > 0 x > 0,
y < 0 (1; 0);
1
1
1
=
0,
5) y =
2 ( x + 1) ln 2 2( x + 1) ln 2

StudyPort.ru
, x > 1 > 0 , ;
6) , , .

1) D(y): x (; );
2) E(y): y (; );

3) : 3 x 2 + 1 = 0 ,
2 = 1, = 1;
4) > 0 x (1; ),
< 0 x (; 1);

5) y =

1
3 ( x 2) 2
3

> 0 , , , ;

6) , , .
138

122.
) =

2 + 1;

) = 2

+1 ;

1
3

) =

) = 1 + log2(x + 2).

123.
) x>1, y = x 1, = 5 log 2 ( x 1) ;

) = log 1 x 1;
2

StudyPort.ru
) = 2|x|;

2 log2 x x > 0,
) = log2x2=

2 log2 ( x) x < 0.

139

124. ) = 0 = 6 = 6, = 6 = 0;
) = 1 = 0, = 7 = 2;
) = 3 =

1
+ 2k , k Z , = = + 2k, k Z ;
2
2
3

) = 4 = 1, = 0 = 1.

125.
) 1 = log 1 x 2 = 3.
2

: 2.

) 1 =

x 2 2 =

3
.
x

: 3.

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5

) 1 = log2x 2 = 2 .

) 1 = 2|x| y2 = 11 |x|.

: 4.

: 3; 3.

140

126.
) 1 = log 1 x 2 = 3.

) 1 =

x 2 2 =

: = (0; 2).
) 1 = 2|x| y2 = 2 + 1.

3
.
x

: [2; 3]
) 1 = log 1 x 2 = 2 7.
3

StudyPort.ru
: 0.

: (0; 3).

127.

= (log23)sinx, y = (log32)cosx.
log23 > 1, , log23
sinx = 1; log32 < 1,
cosx = 1

1
1
. log 2 3 =
.
log 3 2
log3 2

141

4 x + 1 > 0,
2
1 x 0;

128. ) D( y ) :
1
4x + 1

1 x 2 = 0,

1
x > ,
x ( ; 1] ;

4
4
1 x 1;
1
4x + 1

= 1 x2 ,

1
=1 x2 ,
4x + 1

(4 + 1)(1 2) = 1, 4 43 + 1 2 = 1,
43 2 + 4 = 0, (42 + 4) = 0, 1 = 0, 42 + 4 = 0,
D = 65, 2 =

1 65
65 1
, 3 =
D(y);
8
8

x + 15 > 0,
) D( f ) :
x > 0; 2 = lg x( x + 15), x 2 + 15 x = 100 ,
2

x > 0;

+ 15 100 = 0, 1 = 20 D(f), 2 = 5.
129. ) 1 > 2 R,
1
3

(1) (2) =

1 +1

1

3

2 +1

1 1

3 3

1
3

(1)< (2). , =

1

3

<0,

+1

R;

) 1 > 2 (0; ). f(1) f(2) = =log23x1 log23x2 = log2


log2t

1
> 0 (..
2

1
> 1), , , f() = log23x (0; ).
2

StudyPort.ru
4. , ,

11.

130.
) 3( 2) 5 = 4 (5 1), 3 6 5 = 4 5 + 1, 8 = 16, = 2;
) |2x 3| = 5, 2x 3 =5 2x 3 = 5, 2x = 8 2x = 2, 1 = 4
2 = 1. : 1; 4.
) 7 2(3 ) = 4( 1) + 5, 7 6 + 2 = 4 4 + 5, 2 = 0, = 0;

) |4 3x| = 2, 4 3x = 2 4 3x = 2, 3x = 2 3x = 6,
1 =
142

2
2 = 2.
3

2
; 2.
3

131. )

4( 3)
3 + 1
=2
, 3(3 + 1) = 30 4( 3), 9 + 3 = 30 4 + 12 ,
5
15

13 = 39, = 3. : 3.
)

3
3
3
+ 5 = 4,
+ 5 = 4
+ 5 = 4 , 3 + 10 = 8
2
2
2

3 + 10 = 8, = 1, = 15. : 1; 15.
3(5 2 )
3
=
, 14 7( 3) = 14 6(5 2 ) ,
2
7
65
32
14 7 + 21 = 14 30 + 12, 33 = 65, =
, = 1 ;
33
33
+2
+2
+2
) 1
= 5, 1
= 5 1
= 5 , 1 = 15
3
3
3

) 1

1 = 15, 1 = 14 = 16, 2 = 16. : 16; 14.


132. ) 2 = 3( 1), 2 3 = 3, ( 5) = 3; 5
; = 5 ;
) (1 ) + 2 = 3 , + 2 3 + = 0, 3 = + 2,
3 = + 2; ;
) (2 ) = 5 + , 2 = 5, = 5; 0
; = 0 ;
) 5+3(+3)=9+5, 3 - 9 9, 3 = 0; .
1
+ < 1,5x + 3,5, x 1 + 2 x < 3x + 7, 0 x < 8 . : (; ).
2
5x 2 3 x
)

> 1, 2(5 x 2) (3 x)3 > 6, 10 x 4 9 + 3 x > 6 ,


3
2
6
6
13x > 19, x > 1 .
: ( 1 ; ).
13
13

133. )

StudyPort.ru
1
3

) 4(3 ) 2 + 7, 12 + 4 2 7, 3 19, 6 .
: [ 6

) 3 +

1
; ).
3

3
3
2 3x
. : [ 1 ; ).
2 x, 14 3 x 8 x, 11x 14 , x 1
4
11
11

134. ) |4x3|<5, 5<4x3<5, 2<4x<8,


2 x + 5 1,
) |2x + 5| 1,

2 x + 5 1;

1
1
<x<2. : ( ; 2).
2
2

x 2,
x 3. : x ( ; 3] U [2; ) .

143

| x 7|
2, | x 7 | 6, 6 x 7 6, 1 x 13 .
3

) 4|2 x| 12, |2 x| 3, 3 2 x 3, 5 1, 1 5.
3
| 2x 3 |
> 0, x > 0 , |2x 3| 0; 2x 3 0, x .
x
2
3
3
: x (0; ) ( ; ) .
2
2
x+2
0, x + 2 0, x 2 , |x + 4| 0, 4.
)
| x + 4|

135. )

: (; 4) (4, 2].
) ( 4)|5 3x| < 0, x 4 < 0, x < 4, |5 3x| 0; 5 3x 0.
2
3

1 .

2
3

2
3

: x ( ; 1 ) (1 ; 4) .

) |2x + 7|(3 x) 0, 3 x 0, x 3, |2x + 7| 0 = 3,5.


: x {3,5}U [3; + ) .
136. ) x 2 + 2 x 15 = 0, x1 = 5, x2 = 3 .
5
7

) 7 x 2 + 5x = 0, x(7 x + 5) = 0, x1 = 0 7 + 5 = 0, x2 = .
) ( 3)( 2) = 6( 3), ( 3)( 8) = 0, 1 = 3, 2 = 8.
) x 2

11x 1
11 + 7
,
+ = 0, 6 x 2 11x + 3 = 0, D = 121 72 = 49, x1 =
6
2
12

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x2 =

11 7
1
, x1 = 1,5, x 2 = .
12
3

137. ) , 2=2 3, = 3,

.
3
1

: 2
= 0, 2 1
= 0, 1 = 0 4 = 0, 2 = 4.
3
3

3 = , (3 ) = , =

1 = 0 2 = 4.

: 0; 4.

) 2(1)3 = 4 2 (4 + 3) + 9, 3 2 (4 + 3) + ( 1) + 12 = 0,
3 2 + 12 = (4 + + 1), 3 + 4 =
:
144

3 2 + 12 3 2 4 + 12
=
.

3 2 4 + 12
3 = 0 , 2 1 3 2 4 + 12 + 3 = 0 ,
2

3 2 3 2 + 4 12 + 3 9 = 0, 7 21 = 0,
=

=3.

3 9 3 4 + 12
=3.
33

) 2 + + 8 = 2 + + , ( 1) = 8, =

8
.
1

,
2 +

8
+ 8 = 0, 2( 1) + ( 8) + 8( 1) = 0 ,
1

3 2 + 2 8 + 8 8 = 0,

3 = 8,

28
= 6 .
2 1

= 2 . = 2

: 6.

) 22 + (3 1) 3 = 62 (2 3) 1,
42 (2 3) (3 1) + 2 = 0,
(5 4) = 42 + 2,
4 2 + 2
4 2 + 4 + 2
, =
.

5 4 =

; 2 2 + 3
2 2 +

4 2 + 4 + 2
1 3 = 0 ,

3 2
4 + 4 + 2 3 = 0 , 10 2 + 12 2 + 12 + 6 5 15 = 0 ,
5

StudyPort.ru
7 841
7 29
, 2 =
,
44
44
1
1
4 + 4 + 2
1+ 2 + 2
9
1
2
=
= 2
1 =
2 =
. 1 = 4
1
1
2
11
5
5
2
2
222 + 7 9 = 0, D = 49 + 9 88 = 841, 1 =

2 =

81
9
81
4 + 2 4
4 9 + 22
4 81 14 11
121
11
121
=
=
=
9
59
5 9 11
5
11

2
2 85
34
.
(77 2 81) =
=
5 99
5 99
99

: 2,

34
.
99

145

138. ) D = (k + 4) 2 4(k + 7)(k 1) = 3k 2 16k + 44, 3k 2 16k + 44 = 0 ,


1
3

k1 = 2, k 2 = 7 ; k = 1 .
: k = 2, k = 7

1
k = 1.
3

) 9 x 2 2 x + k 6 + kx = 0, 9 x 2 + (k 2) x + k 6 = 0,
D = (k 2) 2 4( k 6) 9 = k 2 40k + 220 ,
k 2 40k + 220 = 0, D1 = 1600 880 = 720, k1 =

k1 = 20 + 6 5 , k 2 =

40 + 720
,
2

40 720
, k 2 = 20 + 6 5 .
2

: k = 20 + 6 5 k = 20 6 5 .

) D = (2(k 1))2 4 3 (2k 5) = 4k 2 8k + 4 24k + 60 = 4k 2 32k + 64 ,


k 2 8k + 16 = 0, k = 4 ; k=4; k=2,5 = 1 .

: k = 4 k = 2,5.
) D = 36 4(k 2) 3k = 36 12k 2 + 24k , 12k 2 + 24k + 36 = 0 ,
k 2 2 k 3 = 0, k1 = 3, k 2 = 1 ; k = 0 .

: k = 1, k = 3 k = 0.
139. ) 1 + 2 =

5
2
; ) 1 2 = ;
3
3

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2

5
2 2 25 4 37
1
) 12 + 22 = ( 1 + 2 ) 2 21 2 = +
=
+ =
=4 ;
3

) 13 + 23 = ( 1 + 2 )( 12 1 2 + 22 ) = ( 1 + 2 )( 12 + 22 1 2 ) =
=

5 1 2 5 37 + 6 5 43 215
4 + =
=
.
=
3 9 3 3 9 3 9
27

140. )

6 2 6 2 3

= 1, 1, 6 2 6 2 + 3 + 1 = 0 ,
1
1

2 + 3 2 = 0, 2 3 + 2 = 0, 1 = 2, 2 = 1 .

)
146

2 + 1
4
1
+
= 5, 0, , (2 + 1) 2 + 4 2 5 (2 + 1) = 0 ,
2 + 1

4 2 + 4 + 1 + 4 2 10 2 5 = 0,

1
.
2

1 = 1, 2 =
)

2 2 + 1 = 0 ,

: 0,5; 1.

2
3
5
+
=
,
2 + 5 2 10 2 25
4( 5) + 3( + 5) 30
=0,
2 ( 2 25)

0,

5,

5 ,

4
1 = , 2 = 5
3
4
: .
3

4 20 + 3 2 + 15 30 = 0, 3 2 11 20 = 0,

2 .
)

14
2

4 (2 )

5
2

( + 2)

, 2, 2,

14
2

3
2

4 ( 2)

5
( + 2)2

=0,

14( + 2)( 2) + 3( + 2) 2 5( 2) 2 = 0,
14 2 56 + 3 2 + 12 + 12 5 2 + 20 20 = 0;

3 2 + 8 16 = 0,

141. )

1
1 = 4, 2 = 1 .
3

4
5
+
= 2, 4(2 + 5) + 5(2 + 4) 2(2 + 4)(2 + 5) = 0 ,
2 + 4 2 + 5

4 2 + 20 + 5 2 + 20 2 4 18 2 40 = 0, 2 4 9 2 = 0 , = 0 ;

StudyPort.ru
) 24 52 + 2 = 0.

2 = 2 2 =

1
, 1 =
2

2 , 2 = 2 , 3 =

2
2
, 4 =
;
2
2

1
1
1
= ,
3
+ 2 = 0, 0 .

1
1
2 3 +2 = 0, 1 = 2, 2 = 1, 1
= 2, 2
= 1 , 1 1 21 = 0,
1
2

1 = 1; 2 1 = 2 ;
)

2 + 1

2 +1
+
= 2,5, 0 .
= , 0,

2 + 1
1 5
1
+ = 0, 2 2 5 + 2 = 0, 1 = 2, 2 = ,
2
2

147

12 + 1
2 +1 1
= 2, 2
= , 12 2 1 + 1 = 0, 1 = 1 ;
2
1
2

2 22 2 + 2 = 0 .

: 1.

142. ) 2 2 + 6 + 17 > 0, 2 2 + 6 x + 17 = 0, D < 0 ,

= 2 > 0 D < 0, 2 2 + 6 + 7 > 0 . : (; ).


) 2 3,2 < 0, 2 3,2 = 0, ( 3,2) = 0, 1 = 0, 2 = 3,2; 2 3,2 < 0
0 < x < 3,2;
) (3 2)2 4(2 3) 0, 92 12 + 4 82 +12 0, 2 + 4 0
: (; ).

.
2

) (6 1)(1 + 6) + 14 < 7(2 + 5), 36 1 + 14 14 352 < 0,

214+13<0; 214+13=0, 1=1, 2=13; 214+13<0 1< x < 13.


143.
)

( 1)( 2)
1
0 ; y(2) < 0, y > 0,
( 3)
2
5
2

y < 0, y(4) > 0.


: [1; 2] U (3; ).
)

2 + 2 3

0;

( 1)( + 3)

0,

2 2 + 8 > 0 ,

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2

2 + 8

( 2 2 + 8)

( x 1)( x + 3) 0, 3 x 1 .

: [3; 1].

x2
< 0 ; ( 2)( 3)( 5) < 0 .
( x 3)( x 5)

: (; 2) U (3; 5).

2 + 5 + 4
2 5 6

>0;

( x + 1)( x + 4)
> 0, ( x + 1) 2 ( x + 4)( x 6) > 0 .
( x 6)( x + 1)

: (; 4) U (6; ).
148

144.
) ( 1)( + 2)( 3)( 4) 0.
: [2; 1] U [3; 4].

) 4 3 2 + 2 0 ; 4 3 2 + 2 = 0 ,

1 = 1, 2 = 1, 3 =
( + 1)( 1)( +
)

4
1
,
>
5 1 x

2 , 4 = 2 ;

2 )(

2 ) 0. [ 2 ; 1] U [1;

2 ].

( 4 x)(1 x) ( x 5)
>0,
( x 5)(1 x)

4 5x + x 2 x + 5
> 0,
( x 5)(1 x)

( x 3) 2
>0,
( x 5)(1 x)

x 2 6x + 9
> 0,
( x 5)(1 x)

( x 3) 2 > 0 3, ( x 5)(1 x ) > 0 1 < x < 5.

: (1; 3) U (3; 5).


) 1 +

12

x 2 + 12 7x

7
< , x 0,
x

( x 3)( x 4)
x2

< 0,

x 2 7x + 12
x2

< 0, ( x 3)( x 4) x 2 < 0,

<0,

x 2 > 0 0.

: (3; 4).
145.

StudyPort.ru
) m +

4
m 2 4m + 4 (m 2) 2
, m>0 ;
4=
=
m
m
m

2m

1=

2m 1 m 2

(m 1) 2

a b
a 2 2ab + b 2 (a b) 2
+ 2=
=
,
b a
ab
ab

> 0 b > 0

1 + m2

1 + m2

1 + m2
2m
, ,
1 ;
1 + m2

, ,

a b
+ 2;
b a

a a + c ab + ac ab bc c(a b)
. a > 0,
=
=

b b+c
b(b + c)
b(b + c)
a a+c
b > 0, c > 0 a < b . <
.
b b+c

149

12.
146. )

2 + 2 + 10 = 2 1;

2 1 0,

2 + 2 + 10 > 0 D < 0;

1
; 2 + 2 +10 = (2 1)2, 2 + 2 +10 42 + 4 1 = 0 ,
2

3 2 6 9 = 0, 2 2 3 = 0, 1 = 3, 2 = 1

1
= .
2

: 3.

2 16 0,
2 16 = 2 22; 2
22 0;

4,

22 ;

2 16 = ( 2 22)2, 2 16 = 4 44 2 + 484, 4 45 2 + 500 = 0,


2 = 25 2 = 20, 1 = 5, 2 = 5, 3 = 2 5 , 4 = 2 5 ;

3, x4 ||

22 .

+ 1 0,
2
3 + 2 + 17 0;

) 17 + 2 3 2 = + 1;

17 + 2 32 = 2 + 2 + 1, 4 2 16 = 0, = 2, = 2
.
2 + 9 = 2 11; 2 11 0, 11 11 ;

2 + 9 = 4 22 2 +121, 4 23 2 +112 = 0, 1 = 4, 2 = 4, 3 = 7 ,

4 = 7 , 3, 4 .

StudyPort.ru
147. )

+ 17 0,
+ 17 7 = 4;
7 0;

7;

+ 17 2 ( + 17)( 7) + 7 = 16, 2 6 2 ( + 17)( 7) = 0 ,


( + 17)( 7) = 3, ( + 17)( 7) = 2 6 + 9,

2 7 + 17 119 9 + 6 2 = 0, 16 = 128, = 8. : 8.

) 2 1 + 4 1 = 3; 1 0, 1 .
22 + 3 = 0, 1 = 1, 2 =
=

)
150

3
;
2

1 = ,

1 = 1, 1 = 1, = 2;

3
.
2

+ 7 0,
+ 7 + 2 = 9;
+ 7 + 2 ( + 7)( 2) + 2 = 81 ,
2 0;

1 =

2 + 5 + 2 ( + 7)( 2) = 81, 2 ( + 7)( 2) = 76 2 ,

( + 7)( 2) = 38 , < 38, ( + 7)( 2) = 1444 76 + 2,


2 2 + 7 14 = 1444 76 + 2, 81 = 1458, = 18. : 18.
) 23 + 1 6 + 1 = 6; + 1 0, 1 . 6 + 1 = ,
1
2

22 6 = 0, 1 = 1 , 2 = 2;

. + 1 = 64, = 63.
148. )

4
2+

1

2

: 63.

2
.
3

1 = 2, 2 = 1;
+5

+1 = 1

(2 + ) = 2 , 2, 8 + 2 = 4 4 + 2 ,

+ 4 2 = 0; 0 .

0,
+ 2 + = 0;
0;
2 + 0;

(2 + ) 4 + 2 + = 0,
6 = 4, =

+ 1 = 2

+ +5

= , 2 + 2 = 0,

1 = 2 .

2 = 1, 2 = 1;

1
; + 5 0, 5; 7 7 + 5 = + + 5 ,
7

6 = 8 + 5 , 362 = 64( + 5), 362 = 64 + 320, 92 16 80 = 0,


20
2
2
, 2 = 2 . : 4; 2 .
9
9
9
1
) 3 3 + 1 3 + 1 = 0; 3 + 1 0, ; 6 (3 + 1) 2 6 (3 + 1) 3 = 0 ;
3

1 = 4, 2 =

StudyPort.ru
6

(3 + 1) 2 1 6 3 + 1 = 0,

3 + 1 = 0,

3 + 1 = 0 1 6 3 + 1 = 0,

3 + 1 = 1, =

1
1
; 3 + 1 = 1, = 0. : ; 0.
3
3

149. ) 225 + 2 = 2 47; 2 47 0, 2 47, 47 47 ;


225 + 2 = 4 942 + 2209, 4 952 + 1984 = 0. 2 = ,
2 95 + 1984 = 0, 1 = 64, 2 = 31; 2 = 64 2 = 31,
1 = 8, 2 = 8, 3 = 31 , 4 = 31
.
: 8; 8.

2 3 ( 2) 3 = 0,

2 = 2,

2 = 0 1 3 ( 2) 2 = 0, 1 = 2,

2 = 1, 2 = 3, 3 = 1.

2 1 3 ( 2) 2 = 0 . ;

( 2) 2 = 1,

: 2; 3; 1.
151

2 + 36 = 2 54; 2 54 0, < 54 >

54 ,
109 + 2880 = 0. = , 109 + 2880 = 0,
1 = 64, 2 = 45; 2 = 64 2 = 45, 1 = 8, 2 = 8,
4

3 = 3 5 4 = 3 5 .
)

3 5 2 + 16 5 = 2, 5 2 + 16 5 = 3 6 2 + 12 8 ,

2 + 4 + 3 = 0, 1 = 1, 2 = 3 .

150. )

2 5 2, 2 5 4, 2 9, 5 3 3 .

: (; 3] U [3; ) .
( x 2)(1 2 ) > 1,

( 2)(1 2 ) 0, ( 2)(1 2 ) 0 ,

: [0,5; 2] .

[0,5; 2] .

x 2 16 1, x 2 16 1, x 2 16, 17

17 .

: ( ; 17 ] U [ 17 ; ) .
) ( 3)( 2 + 1) > 0, 2 + 1 > 0 ,

3 > 0,

: (9; ).

> 3 , > 9.

151. )

2 6 + 9 > 3,

3 > 0,

( 3) 2 > 3, | x 3 |> 3, x 3 > 3

: x ( ; 0) U (6; ) .

3 < 3, > 6, < 0.

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2 2 + 3

2 2 + +1

0, 2 2 + +1 > 0 ;

(D < 0),

2 2 + 3 0, D < 0 , .

2 2 + 3 0,

: (; ).

25 20 + 4 2 0, (5 2 ) 2 0,
25 20 + 4 2 1,

25 20 + 4 2 1; (5 2 ) 2 1;

-1 5 - 2 1, 2 3 .
2 2 + 15 (3 + 2 4) 0,

: [2; 3].
2 2 + 15 ( 2 + 3 4) 0 ,

2 + 3 4 < 0; (D < 0), 2 2 + 15 0, 2 + 2 + 15 0 ,


2 2 15 = 0, 1 = 5, 2 = 3, [3; 5].
: [3; 5].
152

13.
152. ) cos x + 2 cos 2 x = 1,
2 cos 2 x + cos x 2 (1 cos 2 x) 1 = 0,
2 cos 2 x + cos x 2 + 2 cos 2 x 1 = 0, 4 cos 2 x + cos x 3 = 0.
3
; cosx1 = 1,
4
3
3
cosx2 = , x1 = + 2n, n Z, x2 = arccos + 2k, k Z.
4
4
3
: + 2n, n Z; arccos + 2k, k Z.
4

) 4 sin 2x 3sin(2x ) = 5, 4 sin 2x + 3 sin( 2x) = 5, 4 sin 2x + 3 cos2x = 5 ,


2
2

cos = y, 42 + 3 = 0, 1 = 1, 2 =

8 sin x cos x + 3 cos 2 x 3 sin 2 x 5 sin 2 x 5 cos 2 x = 0, cos 0,

8tg 2 x8 tgx + 2 = 0 , tgx = y, 82 8 + 2 = 0,

42 4 + 1 = 0, (2 1)2 = 0, 2 = 1, =
: arctg

1
1
; x = arctg + n, n Z.
2
2

1
+ n, n Z.
2

) 2 cos 2 x + 4 cos x = 3 sin 2 x, 2 cos 2 x + 4 cos x 3 (1 cos 2 x) = 0 ,


2 cos 2 x + 3 cos 2 x + 4 cos x 3 = 0, 5 cos 2 x + 4 cos x 3 = 0 . cosx = y,

52 + 4 3 = 0, D = 16 + 60 = 76, 1 =

2 + 19
,
5

StudyPort.ru
2 =

2 + 19
2 19
2 + 19
+ 2n, n Z ;
, cos =
; = arccos

5
5
5

cos =

2 19
< 1 .
5
2 + 19
+ 2n, n Z .

: arccos

) cos 2 x + 4 sin 2 x = 2 sin 2 x , cos 2 x + 4 sin 2 x 4 sin x cos x = 0 ,


cos x 0, 1 + 4 tg 2 x 4 tgx = 0, 4tg 2 x 4 tgx + 1 = 0, (2 tgx 1) 2 = 0,
2 tgx 1 = 0, 2tgx = 0, tgx =

1
1
, x = arctg + n, n Z .
2
2

1
2

: arctg + n, n Z .
153

sin 2x
, (sin x cos x)(sin2 x + sin x cos x + cos2 x) =
2
= 1 + sin x cos x, (sin x cos x)(1 + sin x cos x) (1 + sin x cos x) = 0 ,

153. ) sin3 x cos3 x = 1 +

(1 + sin x cos x) (sin x cos x 1) = 0,


sin x cos x 1 = 0,

1
sin 2 x = 1,
2

1 + sin x cos x = 0

sin x cos x = 1, sin 2 x = 2

; sin x = 1 + cos x sin 2 x + cos 2 x 2 sin x cos x = 1 ,


2 sin x cos x = 0, sinx = 0 cosx = 0, sinx 0, cosx 0,

= + 2n, x = + 2n, n Z . : = + 2n, x = + 2n, n Z .


2
2

) cos( + x) + cos( x) = 1, ,

2
2 cos( ) cos x = 1, 2 cos x = 1, cos x =
,
4
2





cos x 0, sin 2 x + cos2 x + 2 sin x cos x = 1 ,
4
4
4
4

x=

+ 2n, n Z ;
4

) cos 4 x sin 4 x =

3
3
,
, (cos 2 x + sin 2 x)(cos 2 x sin 2 x) =
2
2

3
3

+ n, n Z ;
, cos 2x =
, 2x = + 2n, n Z , x =
12
2
2
6

+x +x
+x+ x

6
6
6
6
) sin ( + x) sin ( x) = 1, 2 sin
cos
=1,
2
2
6
6
cos2 x sin 2 x =

StudyPort.ru
2 sin x cos

3
= 1, 2 sin x
= 1,
2
6

3 sin x = 1 , x = (1)k arcsin

+ k, k Z .

154. ) cos 4 x + 2 cos 2 x = 1, cos 2 2 x sin 2 2 x + 1 + cos 2 x = 1 ,


2 cos 2 2 x 1 + 2 x + cos 2 x = 0 ; cos 2 x = ,

1
1
; cos 2 x = 1 cos 2 x = ,
2
2

2 x = + 2n, n Z , 2 x = + 2k , k Z , x = + n, n Z ;
3
2

x = + k , k Z .
:
+ n, n Z ; + k , k Z .
6
2
6

2 y 2 + y 1 = 0, y1 = 1, y 2 =

154

x
x
x
x
x
cos , 4 2 cos 2 3 sin 2 cos = 0 ,
2
2
2
2
2
x
x
x
x
x
cos (8 cos 3 sin 2 ) = 0 . cos = 0, = + k , k Z , x1 = + 2k , k Z ;
2
2
2
2
2 2
x
x
2 x
8 cos 3 + 3 cos
= 0 ; cos
= ,
2
2
2
1
x
3 y 2 + 8 y 3 = 0, y1 = 3, y 2 = ; cos = 3 ;
3
2
x 1
x
1
1
cos = ;
= arccos + 2n, x = 2 arccos + 4n, n Z .
2 3
2
3
3
1
: + 2k , k Z ; 2 arccos + 4n, n Z .
3
1
) cos 3 x + sin x sin 2 x = 0, cos 3 x + (cos x cos 3 x) = 0 ,
2
1
1
1
1
1
cos3x + cos x cos3x = 0, cos3x + cos x = 0, (cos3x + cos x) = 0 ,
2
2
2
2
2

1
2 cos 2 x cos x = 0, cos 2 x = 0 cosx = 0, 2 x = + n, n Z ,
2
2
n

n
, n Z ; + k , k Z .
x = + k , k Z , x = +
, n Z . : +
4
2
2
2
4 2
x
x
x
x
x
) 4(1 cos x) = 3 sin cos 2 , 4 2 sin 2 3 sin cos 2 = 0 ,
2
2
2
2
2
x
x
x
sin (8 sin 3 cos 2 ) = 0 .
2
2
2
x
x
1) sin = 0, = n, n Z , x = 2n, n Z ;
2
2
x
x
x
x
2) 8 sin 3 cos 2 = 0, 8 sin 3 + 3 sin 2 = 0 ;
2
2
2
2
x
1
x
sin = , 3 y 2 + 8 y 3 = 0, y1 = 3, y 2 = ; sin = 3 ;
2
3
2
x 1 x
1
1
k
sin = , = (1) arcsin + k , k Z , x = 2 (1) k arcsin + 2k , k Z .
2 3 2
3
3
1
k
: 2n, n Z ; 2 (1) arcsin + 2k , k Z .
3

) 4(1 + cos x) = 3 sin 2

StudyPort.ru
8x
4 x
= 0, 2 sin 2 x sin 4 x = 0 ,
sin
2
2

155. ) cos 2 x cos 6 x = 0, 2 sin

sin 2 x = 0 sin 4 x = 0, 2 x = k , 4 x = n, x =

k
n
, k Z , x =
, nZ ;
2
4

155

4x
cos x + sin 2 x = 0 ,
2
2 sin 2 x cos x + sin 2 x = 0, sin 2 x(2 cos x + 1) = 0, sin 2 x = 0

) sin x + sin 2 x + sin 3x = 0, 2 sin

1
k
2
2 cosx + 1 = 0, 2x = k, cosx = , x = , k Z ; x = + 2n, n Z .
2
2
3
k
2
:
, k Z ; + 2n, n Z .
2
3
) sin x + sin 3x = 0, 2 sin 2 x cos x = 0, sin 2 x = 0 cos x = 0 ,
2 x = n, n Z , x =

n
+ k , k Z , , x =
, nZ ;
2
2

2
sin x sin 5 x 2 cos 3x = 0, 2 sin 2 x cos 3 x 2 cos 3 x = 0,

) cos( + 5 x) + sin x = 2 cos 3x, sin 5 x + sin x 2 cos 3x = 0 ,

2 cos 3x(sin 2 x + 1) = 0, cos 3 x = 0 sin 2 x = 1, 3 x =


n Z , 2x =

156. )

+ n ,
2

+ 2k , k Z , x = + , n Z ; x = + k , k Z .
2
6 3
4

6
x n, n Z ,
= 3 ctgx;
6 = 3ctgx ctg 2 x + 6 2ctgx ,
ctgx + 2
x arcctg(2) + n;

ctg 2 x ctg x = 0 , ctg x ( ctg x 1) = 0 , ctg x = 0 ctgx 1 = 0,

+ k , k Z ; ctgx = 1, x = + n, n Z .
2
4

:
+ k , k Z ; + n, n Z .
2
4
) 1 + 2 cos 3 x cos x cos 2 x = 0, 1 + cos 2 x + cos 4 x cos 2 x = 0 ,
x=

StudyPort.ru
cos 4 x = 1, 4 x = + 2n, n Z , x =

:
)

n
+
, nZ .
4
2

n
+
, nZ .
4
2

15
= 11 2 sin x; sin x 1, x + 2n, n Z ;
sin x + 1
2

15 = 11 sin x + 11 2 sin 2 x 2 sin x ; sinx = y,


1
2 y 2 9 y + 4 = 0, y1 = 4, y 2 = ; sin x = 4 ;
2
1

sin x = , x = (1) k + k , k Z . : (1) k + k , k Z .


2
6
6

156

) ctgx +

sin x
= 2;
1 + cos x

x + n,

2
cos x 1;

x + n,

2
x + 2n, n Z ;

cos x
sin x
+
2 = 0, cos x + cos 2 x + sin 2 2 sin x(1 + cos x) = 0 ,
sin x 1 + cos x
cos x + 1 2 sin x 2 sin x cos x = 0, (cos x + 1) 2 sin x(1 + cos x) = 0 ,
(cos x + 1)(1 2 sin x) = 0, cos x = 1

1
2

2 sin x = 1, x = + 2n, n Z

; sin x = , x = (1) k

+ k , k Z .
6

3 x 2 + n, n Z , x 6 + 3 , n Z ,
157. ) tg3x tgx = 0;

x + n, n Z ; x + n, n Z ;

2
2
n
sin 2 x
n
. : x =
, nZ .
= 0, sin 2 x = 0, 2 x = n, n Z , x =
2
cos 3x cos x
2

) tgx sin x = 2 sin 2

sin x
; x + n, n Z ;
sin x = 1 cos x ,
2
2
cos x

sin x cos x sin x cos x + cos 2 x = 0,


sin x(1 cos x) cos x(1 cos x) = 0, (1 cos x)(sin x cos x) = 0,

1 cosx = 0 sin x cosx = 0, cosx = 1, x = 2n, n Z ; cos x 0,

+ k, k Z . : 2n, n Z ; + k, k Z .
4
4

) sin x tgx = cos x + tgx; x + n, n Z ; sin x tgx cos x tgx = 0 ;


2
tgx 1 = 0, tgx = 1, x =

StudyPort.ru
sin x
sin2 x
cos x
= 0, sin2 x cos2 x sinx = 0, sin2 x 1+ sin2 x sinx = 0 .
cos x
cos x
1
sinx = y, 2 y 2 y 1 = 0, y1 = 1, y 2 = ; sin x = 1
2
1

sin x = ; x = + k , k Z ;
2
2

= (1) k + k , k Z .
6

) sin x + sin 2 x = tgx, x

sin x
,
+ n, n Z ; sin x + 2 sin x cos x =
2
cos x

sin x cos x + 2 sin x cos 2 x sin x = 0, sin x(cos x + 2 cos 2 x 1) = 0 ,

sinx = 0, x = k, k Z;
157

2cos2x + cosx 1 = 0; y = cosx, 2y2 + y 1 = 0, D = 9,


1
2

x2 = + 2k, k Z . : x = + 2k , k Z ; x = + 2k, k Z .
3
3
1
2

y1 = 1, y2 = , cos x = 1, x1 = + 2k , k Z , cos x = ,

2
1
1 + 2 x 2
1 + 2x
1
= ,
=
, cos
= ,
3
2
3
3
3
2
1
5
2 + 4 = 3, = , = 1 .
4
4

158. ) arccos

) arctg(2 x 1) =


, tg = 1 , 21=1, 2 = 0, = 0;
4
4

3
x+2
3
x+2


,
,
=
= , sin =
4
3
2
4
2
3

) arcsin

2 + 4 = 4 3 , 2 = 4 3 4, = 2 3 2;
) arctg(2 3 x) =

3
4

3
; .
4 2 2

159.

) sin(

2
2
3
, cos
,
x)
2
2
2
2
.
2

StudyPort.ru
cos

: x [

3 tg (

3
3
+ 2n;
+ 2n], n Z .
4
4

;
x) 1 , tg ( x)
3
4
4

+ n x < + n ,
6
4
2

5
n < x
n, n Z .
4
12

: ( n;
158

5
n], n Z .
12

x
x 1
x
1
cos 2 x cos > , cos(2 x + ) > ,
2
2 2
2
2
1
1
cos(2,5 x) > , cos 2,5 x < .
2
2

) sin 2 x sin

4
2
+ 2n < 2,5 x <
+ 2n, n Z ,
3
3
4 4n
8 4n
+
<x<
+
, nZ ;
15
5
15
5

) sin 3x cos x + sin x cos 3x


sin 4 x

3
,
2

3
.
2

+ 2n 4 x + 2n, n Z ,
3
3

n
n
+
x
+
, nZ .
3
2
12
2

160. ) 2 sin 2 x 1, sin 2 x

1
,
2

2
2
.
sin x
2
2

StudyPort.ru

+ n x + n, n Z ;
4
4

) 3tg 2 2 x 1, tg 2 2 x

1
,
3

3
3
tg 2 2 x
;
3
3

+ n 2 x + n ,
6
6

n
n
;
+
x
+
12
2
12
2

159

) 4 cos 2 x 3, cos 2 x

3
,
4

3
3
;
cos x
2
2

5
+ n x
+ n, n Z .
6
6
x
x
1 0, tg 2 1, tgx 1
2
2

x
tgx 1. + n < + n, n Z ,
4
2 2

) tg 2

+ 2n x < + 2n, n Z ;
2

x 3
+ n <
+ n, n Z ,
2
2 4
+ 2n < x

3
+ 2n, n Z .
2

: x [ + 2n; + 2n) U ( + 2n;

3
+ 2n], n Z .
2

161.
1
2

1
2

) |cosx 1| 0,5, cosx 1 ,


0,5 cosx 1,5, 0,5 cosx 1;

StudyPort.ru

+ 2n x + 2n, n Z ;
3
3

) sinx < cosx, sinx cosx < 0,

2 sin( x ) < 0, sin( x ) < 0 ;


4
4

+ 2n < x < 2n, n Z ,


4
3

+ 2n < x < + 2n, n Z ;


4
4

160

1
2

1
2

) | sin 2 x + | ,

1
1 1
sin 2 x + ,
2
2 2

1 sin2x 0, + 2n 2x 2n, n Z ,

+ n x n, n Z .
2

: x [ + n; n], n Z .
2

) tgx + ctgx > 0, tgx +


tgx > 0, < x <

tg 2 x + 1
1
> 0,
> 0, tg2x + 1 > 0 ;
tgx
tgx

+ n, n Z .
2

162. ) sin x 3 cos x > 3 ,

: x ( n;

+ n), n Z .
2

1
3
3
sin x
cos x >
,
2
2
2

3
cos( + x) >
, cos( + x) >
;
6
2
6
2
5

7
+ 2n < + x <
+ 2n, n Z ,
6
6
6
2
+ 2n < x < + 2n, n Z ;
3

) log 0,5 sin x > 1, log 0,5 sin x > log 0,5 0,5;

y = log 0,5 t , sinx < 0,5.

StudyPort.ru
: x (

7
+ 2n; + 2n), n Z .
6
6

) sinx + cosx < 1,

2
2
2
sin x +
cos x <
,
2
2
2

2
;
cos( x ) <
4
2

7
+ 2n < x <
+ 2n, n Z ,
4
4
4

+ 2n < x < 2 + 2n, n Z . : x ( + 2n; 2 + 2n), n Z .


2
2

161

)
log

cos x > 1, log

= log

cos x > log

2
.
2

t , cos x >

: x ( + 2n; + 2n), n Z .

14.
163. ) (0,2)

16 37,5

= 5 5 , 5

+16 + 37,5

= 5 5,

+ 16 + 37,5 = 1,5, 16 36 = 0, 1 = 18,

) 2

10

) 2

= 0,01 (10 1 ) 3 , 10

2 = 2 ;

= 10 2 10 3 3 ,

= 10 2+3 3 , 2 3 = 3 5, 2 3 + 2 = 0, 1 = 2, 2 = 1;

6 + 0,5

1
16 2

, 2

6 + 0,5

= 2 4,5 , 2 6 + 0,5 = 4,5 ,

2 6 + 5 = 0, 1 = 1, 2 = 5;
)

15

3 15
12 12

, 6 612 12 = 2 15 3 15 , 6

12 +12

2
6
2 12 + 12 = 15, 2 12 + 27 = 0, 1 = 3, 2 = 9 .
2
5

164. ) 53 2 531 3 532 = 60, 5 3 5 3

= 6 15 ,

3 3
5 = 60 ,
25

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5 3 (1

2 3
12
) = 60, 5 3
= 60, 5 3 = 125 , 5 3 = 5 3 , 3 = 3, = 1;
5 25
25

) 4 3 0,5 = 3 0,5 2 2 1 , 4

= 3 3

4
,
2

3
3
2 3 4 2 3 = 2 3 3 4 3 , 2 3 2 = 6 3 ,
4
4

3
3
3
8 = 3 3, =
4
4
4

1,5

) 2 5 1 + 2 5 2 + 2 5 3 = 896,
2 5 =

162

, = 1,5 ;
2 5 2 5 2 5
7
+
+
= 896, 2 5 = 896 ,
2
4
8
8

896 8
, 2 5 = 1024, 2 5 = 210 , = 2 ;
7

52
+ 2 2 = 52 4 2 2 ,
5

) 5 2 1 + 2 2 = 5 2 2 2 + 2 ,

5
5 2 + 5 2 2 = 5 5 2 20 2 2 ,
2
5
4
2

5
= 25,
2

5
+ 5 = 5
2

20,

5
= , =1.
2
2

165. ) 9
2

36 3

+ 3 = 0,

9
36 2

9 + 3 = 0 ,
9
27
2

3 9 36 3 + 81 = 0 . 3 = , 3 2 36 + 81 = 0 ,
2

2 12 + 27 = 0, 1 = 3, 2 = 9; 3 = 3 3 = 3 2 , 2 = 1,
2 = 2, 1 = 1, 2 = 1; 3 = 2 , 4 = 2 ;
) 5 3 +1 + 34 5 2 = 7 5 , 5 5 3 + 34 5 2 7 5 = 0 . 5 = ,
53 + 342 7 = 0, (52 + 34 7) = 0, = 0
1
5

52 + 34 7 = 0, = 7 = ; 5 3 = 0 ;
1
3

5 3 = 7 ; 5 3 = 5 1 , 3 = 1, = ;

) 16 50 22 = 896, 42 50 4 896 = 0 ; 4 = ,
250896=0, 1=64, 2 =14; 4 =64 4 2 =14 ; =3.

StudyPort.ru
) 7 4

87

+ 7 = 0, 7 4

872

8 + 7 = 0, 1 = 7, 2 = 1; 7
2 = 1, 2 = 0, 1 =

+ 7 = 0 . 72

= 7 7

1
; 2 = 0.
4

= ,

= 1,

: 0; 0,25.

166. ) 3 4 + 2 9 = 5 6 , 3 2 2 + 2 3 2 = 5 6 ,
2
3

3
2

6 0, 3 + 2 = 5 .

2
2
2
5 = 0, 32 5 + 2 = 0, 1 = 1, 2 = ;
= , 3 +

3
3

2
2
2
= 1 = , 1 = 0; 2 = 1;
3
3
3

163

8
18
2
+ = 2,
27
27


3

) 8 + 18 = 2 27 ,

2
+ 2 = 0.
3

2
3
3
= , + 2 = 0, 1 + 1 = 0,
3
( 1)( 2 + + 1) + ( 1) = 0, ( 1)( 2 + + 1 + 1) = 0 ,

2
( 1)( 2 + + 2) = 0, = 1 2 + + 2 = 0 ; =1, =0;
3

) 2 25 5 10 + 2 4 = 0, 2 5 2 5 2 5 + 2 2 2 = 0 ,

5
5
2 5 + 2 = 0 ;
2
2
5
2

1
1
, = log 5 2 1 = log 5 , 2 = log 5 2 ;
2
2
2

3
+ 2
2

) 3 16 + 2 81 = 5 36 , 3 2
2
3
3

1 5
5
= , 2 2 5 + 2 = 0, 1 = ; = 2
2 2
2

+ 23

2
5 = 0 .
3

32 5 + 2 = 0, 1 = 1, 2 =

= 5 2

= , 3 +

2 2
,
3 3

2
5 = 0,

2
3

= 1

2
3

= ,

2 = 0, = 0; 2 = 1, = 0,5.

StudyPort.ru
167. ) 3 2
32

) 5 sin

+ 32

2
= 11, 3 2
9

= 11, 3 2

11 9
, 32
11

25 cos x = 0, 5 sin

32 32

= 11, 3 2
3
9

= 3 2 , 2 = 2,

1 1
1 + = 11 ,
3 9

= 1, = 1 ;

= 5 2 cos x , sin 2 x = 2 cos x ,

1 cos 2 x 2 cos x = 0 ; cosx = y, y 2 + 2 y 1 = 0 ,

1 = 1

2 , 2 = 1 +

2 ; cosx = 1

cosx = 1 + 2 , = arccos(1 +
) 2 sin
y+

+ 2 cos

= 3, 2 sin

+ 21sin

2 ;

2 ) + 2n, n Z;
x

= 3. ; 2 sin

2
3 = 0, y 2 3 y + 2 = 0, y1 = 1, y 2 = 2; 2 sin
y

= ,
= 1, 2 sin

=2,

sin2x = 0, sin2x = 1, x1 = k, k Z; sinx = 1 sinx = 1,


164

+ 2n, n Z ; x3 = + 2l , l Z .
2
2

+ 2n, n Z ; + 2l , l Z .
: k, k Z;
2
2
2 =

) 3 9 x + 6 x = 2 4 x , 3 3 x + 3 x 2 x 2 2 x = 0 ,
1

2
3x
2x
3x
3 + 2 = 0 . = , 3 y + 1 = 0 ,
y
2
2
3
1

2 3x
3 y + y 2 = 0, y1 = 1, y 2 = ; = 1 ;
3 2
2

1
3x 3
= 1, x = 1.
= ,
x
2
2

168. )

1

32 2

16

3+

24
5
22

2 3 , 21,5 2 3 ; = 2 t ,

1,5 3 , 3 1,5, 4,5.


) 3

2 +

< 10

lg 9

, 3

2 +

< 9, 3

2 +

: [4,5; ;).
2

< 3 ; y = 3 t ,

x 2 + x < 2, x 2 + x 2 < 0, ( x 1)( x + 2) < 0, x (2; 1) ;

2 3 x

) 3
3

<

( 2 3 x )
11+ x
1
2 < 3 2 , 31,5 x < 3 2 ;
, 33 2
< 3 2 , 3
9

StudyPort.ru
4
3

y = 3t , 1,5x < 2, x < ;


) 4

+ 11

> 5log 5 4 , 4

+ 11

> 4;

y = 4t ,

x2 + x 11 > 1, x2 + x 12 > 0, ( x + 4)(x 3) > 0, x (; 4) U (3; ) .

169. ) 0,04 26 0,2 + 25 0, (0,2) 2 26 0,2 + 25 0 ;

0,2 = , 2 26 + 25 0, ( 25)( 1) 0, 1 25 ;

1 0,2 25, 5 o 5 5 2 ;

= 5 t , 0 2.

: [2; 0].
1
3

1
3

) 9 84 3 2 + > 0, 3 2 x 84 3 2 x + > 0 . 3 2 x = ,
y

84 1
+ > 0,
y 3

y > 0, 3 y 2 + y 252 > 0,

165

3( y +

28
)( y 9) > 0
3

y<

28
28
y > 9, 32 <
;
3
3

32 > 9, 32 > 32; = 3t , 2x > 2, x > 1;

) 4 10 2 + 16 < 0 . 2 = , y > 0, y2 10y + 16 < 0,


(y 2)(y 8) < 0, 2 < y < 8, 2 < 2x < 8, 21 < 2x < 23 ; y = 2t
, 1 < x < 3;
1
2

) 22 +1 +
y+

2 +1

1 5
0,
y 2

5
0 . 2 2 +1 = , y > 0,
2

1
2 y 2 5 y + 2 0, ( y 2)( y ) 0,
2

1
22x+1 2, 22x+1 21; y = 2t ,
2
2 x + 1 1, 2 x 2, x 1; 2 x + 1 1, 2 x 0, x 0 .
y 2, 22 x +1

: x (; 1] U [0; ) .
170. ) x 2 3 x 3 x +1 0, 3 x ( x 2 3) 0, 3 x > 0 , ,

x 2 3 0, 3 x 3 .

) 3,7

x + 2 x 15
x4

: 3 ; 3 .

> 1; y = 3,7 t ,

x 2 + 2 x 15
>0,
x4

( x + 5)(x 3)
> 0, ( x + 5)(x 3)(x 4) > 0 . : x (5; 3) U ( 4; ) .
x4

) x 2 5 x 5 2+ x < 0, 5 x ( x 2 25) < 0, 5 x > 0 , ,


2 25 < 0, 5 < x < 5;

StudyPort.ru
) 2 x + 2 2 x +3 2 x + 4 > 5 x +1 , 4 2 x 8 2 x 16 2 x > 5 5 x 25 5 x ,

25 5 x , 20 2 x > 20 5 x , 2 x < 5 x ,

2
5

2
5

5 x > 0. < 1; y = , x 0.

15.
171. ) log 32 x = 4 3 log 3 x, x > 0 ; log 3 x = ,

2 + 3 4 = 0, 1 = 4, 2 = 1; log 3 x = 4 log 3 x = 1;
1 =
166

1
, 2 = 3;
81

1
2 x 1 > 0,
lg(2 x 1) = 1 lg x 9 ;
2
x 9 > 0;

x > ,

2 x > 9;
x > 9;

1
1
1
lg(2x 1) + lg(x 9) = 1, lg(2x 1)(x 9) = 1, lg(2x 10)(x 9) = 2 ,
2
2
2

(2 x 10)( x 9) = 100 , 2 x 2 18 x 10 x + 90 100 = 0 ,


2 x 2 28 x 10 = 0 ,

x 2 14 x 5 = 0 ,

x1 = 7 + 3 6 , x 2 = 7 3 6

: 7 + 3 6 .

x 5 > 0,
x>5;
) log 3 x 5 + log 3 2 x 3 = 1;
2
x 3 > 0;
1
1
1
log3 ( x 5) + log3 (2 x 3) = 1, log3 ( x 5)(2 x 3) = 1 ,
2
2
2
log 3 ( x 5)(2 x 3) = 2, ( x 5)(2 x 3) = 9 , 2x2 3x 10x + 15 9 = 0 ,
2 x 2 13 x + 6 = 0, x1 = 6, x 2 =

1
.
2

) 3 lg 2 ( x 1) 10 lg( x 1) + 3 = 0; x > 1 . lg( x 1) = ,


32 10 + 3 = 0, 1 = 3, 2 =

1
1
; lg( x 1) =3 lg( x 1) = ,
3
3

1 = 1000, = 1001; 1 = 3 10 , = 1 + 3 10 .
: 1 + 3 10 ; 1001.
172. ) 2 log 5 (lg x) = log 5 (10 9 lg x), x > 0, lg x > 0, 10 9 lg x > 0 , ..
10
; log5 (lg x) 2 = log5 (10 9 lg x ), (lg x) 2 = 10 9 lg x .
9

StudyPort.ru
x > 1, lg x <

lgx = y, 2 + 9 10 = 0, = 10 = 1; lgx = 10, x = 1010


; lgx = 1, x = 10.
) lg(3 x + x 17) = x lg 30 x , lg(3 x + x 17) = lg 30 x x ,
lg(3x + x 17) lg 30 x = x , lg

3 x + x 17
30

1
10 x

3 x + x 17
30 x

= lg 10 x ,

, 3 x + x 17 = 3 x , x 17 = 0 , = 17.

lg x > 0,

) 2 lg(lg x) = lg(3 2 lg x) ; 3 2 lg x > 0,


x > 0;

x > 1,

x > 0,

3
lg x < ;
2

167

lg(lg x) 2 = lg(3 2 lg x), (lg x)2 = 3 2 lg x . lgx = 3

lgx = 1, 1 = 0,001 ; 2 = 10.


) x x lg 5 = lg(2 x + x 3), x lg 5 x = lg(2 x + x 3),
x = lg(2 x + x 3) + lg 5 x , lg 10 x = lg((2 x + x 3) 5 x ) ,

10= (2 x +x 3) 5, 10=10+535, 535=0, 5(3)=0, 5>0, = 3.


173. ) log2 x +

4
= 5, 1, x > 0, log 2 x + 4 log 2 x = 5, 5 log 2 x = 5 ,
log x 2

log 2 x = 1, = 2.

) log3 x + log

x log 1 x = 6, 1, x > 0, log3 x + 2 + log3 x = 6 ,


3

2 log 3 x = 4, log 3 x = 2, = 9.
) 2 log

x + log x

1
1
= 3, 1, x > 0, 4 log3 x +
= 3,
3
log 1 x
3

1
1
= 3 . log 3 x = , 4 y 3 = 0 ,
4 log 3 x
log 3 x
y

42 3 1 = 0, 1 = 1, 2 =

= 3; = 3

1
4

, =

1
4

1
1
; log 3 x = 1 log 3 x = ,
4
4

: 3;

1
4

StudyPort.ru
1
x + 4 log x 2 x + log 8 x = 16, 2 log 2 x + 2 + log 2 x = 16 , 1,
3
1
14 3
> 0, 2 log 2 x = 14, log 2 x =
, log 2 x = 6, x = 2 6 , = 64.
3
7

) log

174. ) x log 2 x 2 = 8, x > 0, x 1 .


2: (log 2 x 2) log 2 x = log 2 8 ,
2
log 22 x 2 log 2 x = 3 . log 2 x = , 2 3 = 0,

1 = 3, 2 = 1; log 2 x = 3 log 3 x = 1, = 8; =

1
.
3

) x log 5 x = 125 x 2 , x > 0, x 1 . log 5 x log 5 x = log 5 125 + 2 log 5 x ,


log52 x 2 log5 x log5 125 = 0 . log 5 x = , 2 2 3 = 0, 1 = 3,

2 = 1; log 5 x = 3 log 5 x = 1, = 125; =


168

1
.
5

) lgx = 10000, x > 0;


lgxlgx = lg10000, lg2x = 4, lgx = 2 lgx = 2, 1 = 100, 2 =
1
9

1
;
100

1
9

) x log3 x 3 = , x > 0, x 1 . (log3 x 3) log3 x = log3 ; log32 x 3 log3 x = 2 .


log 3 x = 1 log 3 x = 2, 1 = 3; 2 = 9.
175. ) 3 log 22 sin x + log 2 (1 cos 2 x) = 2; 3 log 22 sin x + log 2 (2 sin 2 x) = 2 ,
3 log 22 sin x + log 2 2 + 2 log 2 sin x = 2 ; log 2 sin x = ,

1
1
, log 2 sin x = 1 log 2 sin x = ,
3
3
1
k
3
sinx = , sinx = 2 ; x = (1)
+ k , k Z ;
2
6
) log 0,1 sin 2 x + lg cos x = lg 7; lg sin 2 x + lg cos x = lg 7 ,

32 + 2 1 = 0, 1 = 1, 2 =

cos x
= 7, cosx 7sin2x = 0, cosx(1 14sinx) = 0,
sin 2 x
1
cosx = 0 , sinx =
,
14
1
1
x = (1)narcsin
+ n, n Z.
: (1)narcsin
+ n, n Z.
14
14
lg

cos x
= lg 7,
sin 2 x

) log 7 5
log 7 5

x+2

x+2

x + 2 0, x 2,
= ( x 4) log 7 5;

x 4 0; x 4;

= log 7 5 x 4 , 5

x+2

= 5 x4 ,

x4;

x + 2 = x 4,

StudyPort.ru
2

+ 2 = 8 + 16, 9 + 14 = 0, 1 = 2
, 2 = 7;
) lg(3 5 x + 24 20 x ) = x + lg18 , lg(3 5 x + 24 20 x ) = lg10 x 18 ,
3 5 x + 24 20 x 10 x 18 = 0 , 5 x (3 + 24 4 x 18 2 x ) = 0 . 5 x 0,

2 x = , 242 18 + 3 = 0,

24 2 2 x 18 2 x + 3 = 0 .

1
2

1
4

82 6 + 1 = 0, 1 = ; 2 = ; 2 =

1
1
2 = , 1 = 1; 2 = 2.
2
4

176. ) log 2 ( x 2 x 4) < 3; x 2 x 4 > 0, x <

1 17
2

x >

1+ 17
;
2

log 2 ( 2 4) < log 2 8 ; y = log 2 t , 2 4 < 8,

212<0, (4)(+3)<0, 3<x<4. : x (3;

1 17
1 + 17
)U(
; 4) .
2
2

169

) log

31

y = log

31

(5 2) > 2; 52>0, <2,5; log

31

(52)> log

( 3 1)2;

31

t , 5 2 < ( 3 1)2,

52<32 3 +1, 2<12 3 , x>0,5+ 3 . : (0,5+ 3 ; 2,5).


) lg(x2 x + 8) 1; 2 + 8 > 0 ;
lg(x2 x + 8) lg10; y = lgt , x2 x + 8 10,
( 2)( + 1) 0, 1 2. : (; 1] U [2; ).
) log 7 1 (3 2x) < 2; 3 2x > 0; x < 1,5; log 7 1 (3 2x) <
< log

( 7 1) ; y = log
2

7 1

7 1

, 3 2x <

( 7 1)

3 2x < 7 2 7 + 1, 2 < 8 2 7 3, 2 > 2 7 5,


x>

: ( 7 2,5; 1,5).

7 2,5.

x > 0,
177. ) 2log2x<2+log2(x + 3);

x + 3 > 0;

x > 0 ; 2log2x<log24+log2(x+3),

log2x2 < log24 (x + 3); y = log2t ; 2 < 4x + 12,


(x 6)(x + 2) < 0, 2 < x < 6. : (2; 6).
10 x > 0, x < 10,
) log 1 (10 x ) + log 1 ( x 3) 1 ;

x > 3;

x 3 > 0;

3 < x < 10; log 1 (10 x)( x 3) log 1 6 ; y = log 1 t ,


6

(10 )( 3) 6, 10 30 2 + 3 6 0, 2 + 13 36 0,
( 9)( 4) 0, 4 9. : x (3; 4] U [9; 10) .
) log 1 ( 2) + log 1 (12 ) 2;

StudyPort.ru
3

x > 2,
x < 12; 2 < x < 12 ;

log 1 ( 2)( 12 ) log 1 9; = log 1 t ,


3

( 2)(12 ) 9, 12 2 24 + 2 9 0, 2 14 + 33 0,
( 3)( 11) 0, 3 11.
: x ( 2; 3] U [11; 12) .
) log0,5(4 x) log0,52 log0,5(x 1);
4 x > 0,
x 1 > 0; 1 < x < 4 ;

170

log 0,5 ( 4 x) + log 0,5 ( x 1) log 0,5 ( 4 x)( x 1) log 0,5 2 ;


y = log 0,5 t , ( 4 x)( x 1) 2 , 4 4 2 + 2 0,
2 + 5 6 0, ( 3)( 2) 0, 2 3.
: (1; 2] U [3; 4) .
178. ) lg(x2 + x 6) lg(x + 3) lg3;
2 + 6 > 0,

x + 3 > 0;

lg

x < 3,
x > 3;

> 2,

x > 2;

( x 2 + x 6)
lg 3 ;
x+3

y = lgt ;
2

x + x6
x 2 + x 6 3 9
x 2 2 x 15
3,
0,
0,
x+3
x+3
x+3
( x 5)( x + 3)
0 , ( x 5)( x + 3) 2 0 , 3, x 5. : (2; 5].
x+3
3x 1
3x 1
1
3x 1
3x 1
< 2,
) log2
<1 ;
< log2 2 ;
> 0 , < x < 2 ; log2
2 x
2 x
2 x
3
2 x
3 1 4 + 2
5x 5
<0,
< 0 , 5( 1)(2 ) < 0, x < 1 > 2.
2
2 x
1
: ( ; 1) .
3

) ln(x2 + 3x 10) ln(x 2) ln4;


x2 + 3x 10> 0, (x 2)(x + 5) > 0,
x >2;

x > 2;

x 2 > 0;

StudyPort.ru
y = lnt ,

x 2 + 3 x 10
x 2 + 3 x 10 4 + 8
x2 x 2
4,
0,
0,
( x 2)
( x 2)
x2

( x + 1)( x 2)
0,
( x 2)

( + 1)( 2)2 0,

2,

x > 1,

x2.

: (2; ).

3x 5
3x 5
5
1;
> 0 , (3x 5)(x + 1) > 0, x (; 1) U ( ; ) ;
3
x +1
x +1
3x 5
3x 5 3 3
3x 5
log 3 3 ;
log 3
3,
0 , + 1 > 0, x > 1.
x +1
x +1
x +1
5
: x ( ; ) .
3

) log 3

171

179. ) log 2 (4 x 5 2 x + 8) > 2; 4 x 5 2 x + 8 > 0 ;


log 2 (4 x 5 2 x + 8) > log 2 4 ; 4 x 5 2 x + 8 > 4, 4 x 5 2 x + 4 > 0 . 2 x = ,

2 5 + 4 > 0, (y 1)(y 4) > 0, y < 1 y > 4, 2x < 1, 2x > 4,


x < 0; x > 2. : (; 0) U ( 2; ) .
) log 02,5 x + 6 5 log 0,5 x, x > 0 . log 0,5 x = ,
2 5 + 6 0, ( 2)( 3) 0, 2 3; log 0,5 x 2
log 0,5 x 3; = log 0,5 t , 0,25, 0,125.

: x (0; 0,125] U [0,25; ) .


) lg2x lgx + 2, x > 0. lgx = , 2 2 0, ( + 1)( 2) 0,
1 2; lgx 1 lgx 2;
) log

(6 x +1 36 x ) 2; 6 x +1 36 x > 0,

1
,
10

100 .

x <1;

log

(6 x +1 36 x ) log

1
5

6 x +1 36 x
5

5 ; = log

t ,

, 6 x +1 36 x 5,

6 2x + 6 6 x 5 0 .

StudyPort.ru
6 = , 2 6 + 5 0, ( 5)( 1) 0, 1

5; 6 1 6 5, 0, log65.

: (; 0] U [log 6 5; 1) .

16.

2x + 3 y = 1, 8x 12y = 4,
180. )
7 x = 7, x = 1 ; 2 + 3 y = 1, y = 1 .

5x + 4 y = 1;

15x + 12y = 3;

x 3 y = 4,
x 3 y = 4.
x
y
4

12
=
16
;

3x 9 y = 12,
)

, .
172

2 x 4 y = 14
2 x 3 y = 5;

x + 2 y = 7,
)

2 x 3 y = 5;
3
x=4 .
7
5 x 8 y = 0,
)
x 1,6 y = 1;

9
18
; x+
=7,
7
7
3
2
: (4 ; 1 ) .
7
7

7 y = 9, y =

5(1 + 1,6 y ) 8 y = 0,
5 + 8 y 8 y = 0, 5 0 .
x = 1 + 1,6 y;

5 y 13
y
+
= ,

y
6
5 y
x = 5 y,

y x 13
+ = ,
y 6
x + y = 5;

181. ) x

x 0, y 0 ,

6 y 2 + (5 y ) 2 6 13 y (5 y )
25 y 2 125 y + 150
= 0,
=0,
y (5 y ) 6
y (5 y )
y 2 5 y + 6 = 0, y 0, y 5;
. : (3; 2); (2; 3).
y (5 y ) 0;
y1 = 2; y 2 = 3; x1 = 3; x 2 = 2
x y = 1,
3
3
x y = 7;

x y = 1,

2
2
( x y )( x + xy + y ) = 7;

x y = 1,
2
2
x + xy + y = 7;

x = 1 + y,
1+ 2y + y 2 + y + y 2 + y 2 7 = 0 ,

2
2
(1 + y ) + (1 + y ) y + y = 7;
y 2 + y 2 = 0, ( y 1)( y + 2) = 0, y1 = 1, y 2 = 2 ;

1 = 2, 2 = 1.

: (2; 1); (1; 2).

y
= 2,

) x

( x 1) 2 + y 2 = 1;

x 0,

y = 2 x,

2
2
( x 1) + 4 x = 1;

StudyPort.ru
x2 2 x + 1 + 4 x2 1 = 0, 5x2 2 x = 0, x(5x 2) = 0, ;
x1 = 0 , x2 = 0,4

= 0,8.

: (0,4; 0,8).

) x + y = 35,
3

5( x 2 xy + y 2 ) = 35,

x 2 xy + y 2 = 7,

x = 5 y;

x + y = 5;
(5 y ) 2 (5 y ) y + y 2 = 7, 25 10 y + y 2 5 y + y 2 + y 2 = 7 ,

3 y 2 15 y + 18 = 0, y 2 5 y + 6 = 0, y1 = 2, y 2 = 3 ; x1 = 3, x2 = 2.

: (3; 2); (2; 3).

2
2

( x y )( x y )( x + y ) = 45,
182. ) ( x y ) x y = 45,
x + y = 5;
x
y
+
=
5
;

5( x y ) 2 = 45, ( x y ) 2 = 9,

x y = 3,
x y = 3,
x + y = 5 x + y = 5;

2 = 8, 1 = 4, 1 = 1; 2 = 2, 2 = 1, 2 = 4.

: (4; 1); (1; 4).


173

x 2 y 3 + x 3 y 2 = 12,
x 2 y 3 x 3 y 2 = 4;

x 2 y 2 ( y + x) = 12,
0 0.
2 2
x y ( y x) = 4;
y+x
.
= 3, y + x = 3 y 3x, y = 2 x;
yx

x 2 8 x3 + x3 4 x 2 = 12, 8 x5 + 4 x5 = 12, 12 x5 = 12, x = 1, y = 2 .

x 2 y 3 = 16,
x 3 y 2 = 2;

x 0, y 0 .

y
1
1
, x= , y=4.
= 8, y = 8 x; x 2 (8 x) 3 = 16, 2 9 x 5 = 2 4 , x 5 =
32
x
2
x 2 xy = 28,
( x y ) 2 = 16, x y = 4 = 4,
) 2
y xy = 12;
= 4 + = 4 + , (4 + y ) 2 (4 + y ) y = 28
(4 + y ) 2 (4 + y ) y = 28, 16 + 8 y + y 2 4 y y 2 = 28, 4 y = 12 ,
y = 3, x = 7; 4 y = 12, y = 3, x = 7 . : (7; 3); (7; 3).
x 3 + y 3 = 7, x 3 = 7 y 3 ,
7y3 y6 + 8 = 0 ,

3
3
3 3
x y = 8; 7 y y = 8;
y 6 7 y 3 8 = 0 . 3 = z, z 2 7 z 8 = 0 ,

183. )

z1 = 8, z2 = 1; y3 = 8 3 = 1, 1 = 2, 2 = 1;
x13 = 7 8, x23 = 7 + 1, x1 = 1; x2 = 2 .
: (1; 2); (2; 1).
4
4
4 + y = 5,
y

x 2 + y 4 = 5,
2
4
) 2
4 + y8 5 y 4 = 0 . y = z,
x = 2 ,
xy = 2;
y

y 0;

2
z 5 z + 4 = 0, z1 = 4, z 2 = 1; y 4 = 4, y 4 = 1, y1 = 2 ,

StudyPort.ru
y 2 = 2 , y 3 = 1, y 4 = 1; x1 = 1, x 2 = 1, x 3 = 2, x 4 = 2 .

: (1;

2 ); (1;

2 ); (2; 1); (2; 1).

8
3
3 + y = 9,
y
x 3 + y 3 = 9,
2
8 + y 6 9 y 3 = 0 . 3 = z,
)
x = ,
xy
=
2
;
y

y 0;

174

z 2 9 z + 8 = 0, z1 = 8, z 2 = 1; y13 = 8, y 23 = 1, y1 = 2, y 2 = 1 ;

1 = 1, 2 = 2.

: (1; 2); (2; 1).

1
1
x = 5 y ,
1 1

2
x + y = 5,
1
1
10 1
1

5 +
+
= 13 ,
) 1
= 13, 25 +

1
2
2
y
y
y
y
y2

+
= 13;
x 2 y 2
x 0, y 0;

2 10
1
+ 12 = 0 ;
=z,
2
y
y
y
z 2 5 z + 6 = 0, z1 = 2, z 2 = 3; y1 =

1
1
1
1
, y 2 = , x1 = , x 2 = .
3
3
2
2

1 1 1 1
3 2 2 3

: ; ; ; .
x 5 y = 7,
5ax + 5 y = 15;
3
;
ax

y
=

x 5 y = 7,
184. )

x 5ax = 22, x(1 5a ) = 22 ;

1
1
1 ; a = ;
5
5

x + 2 y = a,
)

2 x + 4 y = 5;

= 2,5 ;

2,5 ;
3 x 3ay = 6,
3ay 2 y = 0, y (3a + 2) = 12 ;

3 x 2 y = 6; 3 x 2 y = 6;
2
2
= ;
3
3
x + ay = 2,
)

StudyPort.ru
;

x y = 2,
)

= 2 ;

2 x 2 y = 2a;
1
.
2

185.
13x 2

2 x > 3 11 ,
22 x > 33 13 x + 2,
)
3 x + 12( x 7) < 2(3x 20);

2
3
20
x
x
+ ( x 7) <
;
6 3
9

175

x > 1,
35 x > 35,
9 x < 44; x < 44 .

9
8
: x (1; 4 ) .
9

x +1

x+4

x 1

12 x 6( x + 1) 4( x + 4) 3( x 1) 24,

) x 2 3 4 2,
1,5 x x < 2,5;

1,5 x 2,5 < x;


12 x 6 x 6 4 x 16 3 x 3 24, x 5, x 5,
x < 5.
x < 5;
0,5 x < 2,5;

: .
x +1

x 1

6( x + 1) 4 x 3( x 1) 12 x 24,

) 2 3 4 x 2,
0,5 x + x < 2;

0,5 x < 2 x;
6 x + 6 4 x 3x 3 12 x 24,
1,5 x < 2;

11x 33,

x < 20 ;

15

x 3,

x < 4 .

3
1
: x [3; 1 ) .
3

2(3 x 1) < 3(4 x + 1) + 16, 6 x 2 < 12 x + 3 + 16, 6 x < 21,


)

8 + 4 x < 3x + 8;
4(2 + x) < 3 x + 8;
x > 3,5,
: (3,5; 0).
x < 0.

x < 0;

StudyPort.ru
17.
2 x + 2 y = 8,
5 y = 10,

2 x + 3 y = 18.

x y = 4,
2 x + 3 y = 18;

186. )

x 2 = 4,

y = 2, = 4,

x = 6, = 36. : (36; 4).

x + y = 8, x = 8 y ,
8 y y 15 = 0 .

x y = 15; 8 y y = 15;
2
y = z, z 8z + 15 = 0, z1 = 3, z2 = 5,

y1 = 3,

y 2 = 5, y1 = 9, y2 = 25,
x1 = 25, x2 = 9.

176

x1 = 8 3,

x 2 = 8 5,

: (25; 9); (9; 25).

3 x y = 8,

6 x 2 y = 16,
7

x + 2 y = 19; x + 2 y = 19.

5 + 2 = 19, 2 =14,

= 7, = 49.

12

,
x=
y

12

+ y 7 = 0.
y

xy = 12,
)
x + y = 7;

x = 35, = 25,

y = z,

12
+ z 7 = 0, 12 + z 2 7 z = 0, z1 = 3, z 2 = 4,
z

1 = 9, 2=16,

x1 = 7 3,

187.
x y + y x = 30,
x + y = 5;

x=

6
y

y 0,

x 2 = 7 4,

y1 = 3,

x1 = 4,

y1 = 2,

y 2 = 4,

x 2 = 3, x1 = 16 , 2 = 9.

xy x + y = 30,
xy 5 = 30,

x + y = 5;
6
y+
5 = 0 .
y = z,
y

z 2 5 z + 6 = 0, z1 = 2, z 2 = 3,
x1 = 5 2, x1 = 9,

: (25; 49).

xy = 6,

y 2 = 3, y1 = 4, y 2 = 9 ,

x 2 = 5 3, x 2 = 4 . : (4; 9), (9; 4).

x + y xy = 7 x + y = 7 + 3,

) x + y xy = 7,

xy = 9;

xy = 9;

xy = 3;

StudyPort.ru
y1 = 9, y 2 = 1,
x = 10 y,
2
(10 y ) y 9 = 0; y 10 y + 9 = 0, x = 1; x = 9.

1
2

x + y = 6,

) x + y = 6,
x y = 12;

x y

x y = 2,
2 x = 8,

x + y = 6;

)(

x y 6 = 12,

x + y = 12; x + y = 6;

x = 4, x = 16, 4 + y = 6,

y = 2, y = 4 .

xy = 64,
xy = 8,
(12 + y ) y = 64,
)

x y + xy = 20; x y + 8 = 20; x = 12 + y;
12 y + y 2 64 = 0,

y1 = 4,
x = 16;
1

y 2 = 16,
x = 4.
2

177

x + y = 26,
x + 4 y = 6.

188. ) 4

(6 v) 2 + v 2 = 26,

u = 6 v;

y1 = 1,

y 2 = 5,

v2 = 5,
u = 1;
2

y1 = 1,

3
3
) x y = 3 4 ,

xy = 1;

x = ,

2
2
y =v, u + v = 26,

u + v = 6;

36 12v + v 2 + v 2 = 26 ,

v = 1,
v2 6v + 5 = 0, 1
u1 = 5;
4

x1 = 5,

y 2 = 625 .

x2 = 1, x1 = 625, x2 = 1 ,

: (625; 1), (1; 625).

15
1 3
3 y 4 = 0,
y

1
x = ,
y

y 0.

y = z,

1
1
15
z = 0, 4z 2 15z + 4 = 0, z1 = 4, z2 = ,
z
4
4
y1 = 64,

x = 1 ;
1
64

y2 =
,

64
x 2 = 64.

: (

x y = 5, (4 x 4 y )(4 x + 4 y ) = 5,

x 4 y = 1; 4 x 4 y = 1;

y1 = 4,

y2 =

1
1
; 64), ( ; 64).
64
64

4 x + 4 y = 5,
4
x 4 y = 1;

) 4

1
,
4

x = ,

StudyPort.ru
4

a + b = 5,
y = b;
a = 3, b = 2.
a b = 1;

x = 3, = 81;

y =2, = 16.

: (81; 16).

3 x + 3 y = 3,
3
3
) x + y = 3, 3

3
xy = 8;

a + b = 3,
ab = 2.

x y = 2.

y = 1, y = ( 1) 3 , y = 1,

y = 2, = 8,

178

x = ,

y = b;

b 2 3b 2 = 0,
b 2 + 3b + 2 = 0,

a = b 3,
(b 3)b = 2;

x = 2, = (2)3, = 8;

x = 1, = 1. : (8; 1), (1; 8).

18.
sin x cos y = 0,25,
189. )

sin y cos x = 0,75.

, :
sin x cos y + cos x sin y = 1,

sin x cos y cos x sin y = 1 ;

x + y = 2 + 2n, n Z ,


x y = ( 1) k + k , k Z ;
6

sin( x + y ) = 1,

sin( x y ) = 1 ;

2
2x =

+ 2n + ( 1) k + k , k Z , n Z ,
2
6

k
+ n + (1) k
+
, k Z, n Z ,
4
12 2

2 y = + 2n ( 1) k k , k Z , n Z ,
2
6

k
k
y = + n (1)

, k Z, n Z .
4
12 2
k
k

: + n + (1)k + ; + n + (1)k +1 + , k Z, n Z .
4
12
2
4
12
2

x=

x y = ,
3
cos 2 (x) cos 2 (y ) = 0;

x y = ,

3
(cos x cos y )(cos x + cos y ) = 0;

StudyPort.ru
2 sin

x + y
x y
x + y
x y
sin
2 cos
cos
=0,
2
2
2
2

sin(x + y)sin(x y) = 0,
sin

x + y
x y
x + y
= 0 , sin
= 0, cos
= 0,
2
2
2

cos

x y
x + y
x y
= 0;
= m, m Z,
= k, k Z,
2
2
2

x + y
x y
= + l , l Z ,
= + n, n Z .
2
2
2
2
x + y = 2 m, m Z ,
1
1
1

2 x = 2m , x = m , y = m + , m Z ;
1)
1
x
y

;
3
6
6

179

x y = 2k , k Z ,

2)
1
x y = ;

x + y = 1 + 2l , l Z ,

3)
1
x y = ;

k=

1
, ;
6

2x =

2
1
2
+ 2l , x = + l , y = + l , l Z ;
3
3
3

y
=
1
+
2 n, n Z ,

4)
n = , .
1
;
x

y
=

3
2
1
1 1

: m ; m + , + l ; + l , l Z ; m Z .
3
6
6 3

3
3

sin x sin y = ,
4 sin x sin y = 3,
4
4
= 3,
)
sin x sin y
cos x cos y
tgx tgy = 3;

= 3;
cos x cos y
3

sin x sin y = ,
1
4 sin x sin y + cos x cos y = 1, cos(x y) = 1 ,
cos x cos y = ,
4 cos x cos y = 1 ;
4

1
1
sin x sin y cos x cos y = , cos( x + y ) = ,
2
2
x y = 2n, n Z ,
1
2

cos( x + y ) = , x + y =
+ 2k , k Z ;
2
2
3
x + y = 3 + 2k , k Z ;
2

2x =
+ 2n + 2k , k Z , n Z , x = + n + k , k Z , n Z ,
3
3

y = + n + k 2n, k Z , n Z , y = + k n, k Z , n Z .
3
3

: ( + k + n; + k n), ( + k + n; + k n), k Z, nZ .
3
3
3
3
sin 2 x = cos x cos y ,
1 = cos x cos y + sin x sin y, cos( x y ) = 1 ,
) 2
cos x = sin x sin y;

StudyPort.ru
x y = 2n, n Z ,

x = 2n + y , n Z ; sin 2 (2n + y ) =

= cos( 2n + y ) cos y, n Z , sin 2 y = cos 2 y , sin 2 y cos 2 y = 0,

4
4

: ( + k + 2n; + k ), ( + k + 2n; + k ), k Z , n Z .
4
4
4
4

tg2y =1, cosy 0, y = + k, k Z , tgy = 1, x = 2n + k , k Z .

180

tgx + tgy = 2,

190. )
1
cos x cos y = 2 ;

sin( x + y )
cos x cos y = 2,

cos x cos y = 1 .
2

, :
sin( x + y ) = 1,

cos x cos y = 1 ; x + y = + 2n, n Z ,

2
2
1

x = + 2n y , n Z , cos( + 2n y ) cos y = , n Z ,
2
2
2

1
1
cos( y ) cos y = , sin y cos y = ,
2
2
2

sin 2 y = 1, 2 y = + 2k , k Z , y = + k , k Z ,
2
4

x = + 2n k , k Z , n Z .
4
5

x = 2 y,
x + y =
,
)
5
2

sin x + cos 2 y = 1; sin


y + cos 2 y = 1;

cos y + cos 2 y = 1, cos y + 2 cos2 y 1 = 1, 2 cos2 y + cos y = 0 ,


cos y (2 cos y + 1) = 0, cos y = 0 cos y =

1
,
2

2
2
+ n, n Z , y 2 =
+ 2k , k Z , y 3 =
+ 2k , k Z ;
3
3
2
5
x1 =
n, n Z , x1 = n, n Z ,
2 2
11
19
x2 =
2k , k Z , x 3 =
2k , k Z .
6
6
2
19
2

11
: (n; + n), ( 2k; + 2k ), ( 2k; + 2k), k Z , n Z .
2
6
3
6
3
1

) sin x sin y = 4 , :
ctgx ctgy = 3.
1

sin x sin y = 4 ,
sin x sin y + cosx cosy = 1, cos( x-y) = 1 ,

cosx cosy = 3 ;

4
y1 =

StudyPort.ru
181

x y = 2n, n Z , x = 2n + y, n Z ,
1
1
1
, n Z , sin y sin y = , sin 2 y = ,
4
4
4

y = ( 1) k + k , k Z ,
6

sin(2n + y ) sin y =

sin y =

1
,
2


x = 2n + (1) k + k , k Z , n Z .
6

: ((1) k + k + 2n; (1) k + k ), ((1) k +1 + k + 2n;


6
6
6

(1) k +1 + k ) k Z , n Z .
6
cos 2 y + cos x = 1,

x + y = 2 ;

cos 2 y + cos y = 1,
2

x = y;
2

cos 2 y + sin y = 1, 1 2 sin2 y + sin y = 1 ,


2 sin 2 y + sin y = 0, sin y ( 2 sin y + 1) = 0, sin y = 0 siny =

y1 = n, n Z,

y 2 = (1) k

1
,
2

+ n, k Z ; x1 = n, n Z ,
6
2

(1) k + k , k Z .
2
6

: ( n; n), ( (1)k + k ; (1)k + k ), n Z , k Z .


2
2
6
6
x2 =

StudyPort.ru
19.

9 x + y = 729,
3x y 1 = 1;

191. )

9 x + y = 93 ,
x + y = 3,
2 = 4, = 2, = 1.
x y 1

3
= 30 ; x y 1 = 0;

y
x
9 y 2 y = 16,
) 2 2 = 16, 2

x + y = 9;

2 = z,

x = 9 y;

29

2 y 16 = 0.

2
512
2
z 16 = 0, 512 z 16 z = 0 ,
z

z 2 + 16 z 512 = 0, z1 = 16, z2 = 32 ; 2 y1 = 16, 2 y2 = 32 .

= 4, = 5;
182

: (5; 4).

( )

= 25, 5
) 5

6 y x 1
x y

x y
2

= 52
6
y

1
6
= 60 ;

= 1;

5 = 5, = 1, = 5.
y
x
) 3 + 3 = 28,
x y = 3;

x y

x y = 4,
= 2,
2

6 y x 1 = 0; x + 6 y = 1;

: (5; 1).

3 3+ y + 3 y = 28,
27 3 y + 3 y = 28, 28 3 y = 28 ,

x = 3 + y;

= 0, = 3.

: (3; 0).

4 log 4 2 x y = 1 2 x y = 1,
y = 2 x + 1,
1
x
x
2 x y
x
5
+ 5 = 5,2; 5 + 5 = 5,2; 5 = 5;

192. )

2 x + 3 y = 17
2 x + 2 + 3 y +1 = 5;

y = 3,
x = 1.

2 x + 3 y = 17,
2 = , 3 = v,

4 2 x 3 3 y = 5.

4u 4v = 68,
u + v = 17,
7v = 63, v = 9, u = 8; 2 x = 8,
4u 3v = 5; 4u 3v = 5;

3 y = 9; x = 3, y = 2.

3log3 ( y + x) = 2, y + x = 2, x + y = 2,
2 x + y = 4; 2 x + y = 4; x = 2, y = 0.
2 x+ y

= 16;
2

log 2 ( y x ) = 4,
3 x + 2 3 4 + x 2 = 171,

x
y 2
= 171; y = 4 + x;
3 + 2 3

3x + 2 34+ x 2 = 171, 3x + 18 3x = 171, 19 3x = 171, 3x = 9, x = 2, y = 6 .


3 x 7 y = 63,
x
y
3 + 7 = 16.

193. )

3 x = ; 7 = v,

u v = 63,
u + v = 16;

StudyPort.ru
(16 v)v = 63,
16v v 2 63 = 0, v 2 16v + 63 = 0, v1 = 7, v 2 = 9 ;
u = 16 v;

u1 = 9, u2 = 7; 3x = 9, 3x = 7; x1 = 2, x2 = log3 7; 7 y = 7, 7 y = 9;

1 = 1, 2 = log 7 9 .

: (2; 1); ( log 3 7 ; log 7 9 ).

x
3 x 2 2 y = 77,

x
3 2 = , 2 = v,

3 x 2 y = 7; 3 2 2 y = 7.

3 x 2 2 y = 77,

u 2 v 2 = 77, 7(u + v) = 77, u + v = 11,

u v = 7;
u v = 7; u = 9, v = 2;

u v = 7;
x

3 2 = 9,

x
= 2, x = 4, 2 y = 2; y = 1.
2

: (4; 1).
183

4 x 4 y = 64,
4 x 4 y = 63.

u v = 64,
4 = , 4 = v,

u v = 63;

(63 + v)v = 64, 2


v + 63v 64 = 0, v1 = 64, v2 = 1; u1 = 1, u2 = 64 ;
u = 63 + v;

4 = 64 ; 4 = 1, = 0;
4 = 1 ; 4 = 64, = 3.
x

x
y
) 2 3 = 7, 2 2 2 x = 2, 2 x 2 2 2 = 0. 2 2 = z,
x
y
2 3 = 5;

z 2 z 2 = 0, z1 = 2, z 2 = 1; 2 2 = 2, 2 2 = 1

x
= 1, = 2; 22 3 = 5, 3 = 9, = 2.
2

lg x lg y = 1,
lgx = u, lgy = v,
2
2
lg x + lg y = 5.

194. )

u v = 1,
2
2
u + v = 5;

u = 1 + v,
1 + 2v + v 2 + v 2 = 5, 2v 2 + 2v 4 = 0 ,

2
2
(1 + v) + v = 5;
v 2 + v 2 = 0, v1 = 2, v2 = 1; u1 = 1, u2 = 2; lg x = 1, lg x = 2,
x1 0,1, x 2 = 100; lg y = 2, lg y = 1, y = 0,01, y = 10.

: (0,1; 0,001); (100; 10).


x > 0, y > 0,
x > 0, y > 0,
log 2 ( x 2 + y 2 ) = 5,
2
2
2
2
)
log 2 ( x + y ) = log 2 32, x + y = 32,
+
=
2
log
log
4
;
x
y
4
2

log 2 x + log 2 y = log 2 16; xy = 16;

16 256
2
4
2
2
x= ,
+ y = 32, y 32 y + 256 = 0, ( y 16) 2 = 0,
y
y2
y1 = 4, y2 = 4 x > 0; x1 = 4 . : (4; 4).

StudyPort.ru
lg x lg y = 7, x > 0,
)
2 lg x = 12, lg x = 6, x = 10 6 ; 6 + lg y = 5,

lg x + lg y = 5; y > 0;
1
lg y = 1, y = .
10

log 2 ( x + 1) = log 2 y + ,

)
1

log x 2 log y = 0;
2
2
2

184

: (106; 0,1).

x > 0,
x + 1 > 0,

1
y + > 0,
4

y 1 > 0;
2

x > 0,
x > 1,

1
y > ,
4

y > 1 ;
2

x > 0,

y > 1 ;

x + 1 = y + 4 ,

x = y 1 ;
2

y2 y +

2
x y = 4 ,
1
3

y y = ,
2

2
4

x = y ;
2

1
3
y + = 0, y 2 2 y + 1 = 0, ( y 1) 2 = 0, y = 1, x = 0,25.
4
4

y log3 x = 1,
y = 1+ log3 x,
y = 1+ log3 x,
x > 0, x 1.
(1+ log x) log x = 12.
y
12
y
x
log
=
12
log
3
;
x
=
3
;
3
3
3
3

195. )

log 3 = z, (1 + z)z = 12, z2 + z 12 = 0, z1 = 4, z2 = 3;


log 3 x1 = 4, log 3 x2 = 3; x1 =

y2 = 1+ 3 , y2 = 4.

1
, x2 = 21; y1 = 1 4, y1 = 3,
81
1
: ( ; 3); (27; 4).
81

x 2 + y 2 0,
2
2
x y 0,
x > y;

1+ log 3 ( x 2 + y 2 ) = 15,
) 3
log 3 ( x 2 y 2 ) log 3 ( x y ) = 0;

3 3 log3 ( x 2 + y 2 ) = 15,

x2 y2
= 1;

x y

3 x 2 + y 2 = 15,

( x + y ) = 1;

3(1 y ) 2 + 3 y 2 = 15,

x = 1 y;

3 6 + 32 + 32 15 = 0, 62 6 12 = 0, 2 2 = 0,
1 = 2, 2 = 1; 1 = 1, 2 = 2; (1; 2) .
log x + 3 log3 y = 7, log 5 x + y = 7,
y = 7 log 5 x,
5
y log x = 12 log 5; y (log x) = 12;
12
y
5
5
5

x = 5 ;

StudyPort.ru
)

(7 log 5 x ) log 5 x = 12. log 5 = z, (7 z)z = 12,

7 z z 2 12 = 0, z 2 7 z + 12 = 0, z1 = 3, z2 = 4; log5 x1 = 3,

1 = 125, 1 = 4; log 5 x 2 = 4 , 2 = 625, 2 = 3.


: (125; 4); (625; 3).

5 x 2 y 2 = 25,
51+ log 5 ( x 2 y 2 ) = 25,
2
)
x y2
= 1;
log 5 x 2 y 2 = log 5 ( x + y );
x+ y

x + y = 5,
x y = 1;

x = 3, y = 2.

x 2 y 2 = 5,

x y = 1;

: (3; 2).

185

log 4 x 2 log 4 y = 0,
log 4 x log 2 y = 0, 2
2
196. ) 2
x 2 y = 8;
2
x 2 y = 8;
x > 0, y > 0;

= 2, 4 22 8 = 0, = 2 = 2
; = 2, = 4. : (4; 2).

2 x y
= 81,
) 3
lg xy = 1 + lg 3;

2 x y
= 34 ,
3
lg xy = lg 10 3,
x > 0, y > 0;

x > 0, y > 0,

2 x y = 4,
x y = 30.

x = ,

x > 0, y > 0,

2 x y = 4,
xy = 30;

2u v = 4,
y = v,
u v = 30;

v = 2u 4,
2
2
u (2u 4) = 30; 2u 4u 30 = 0, u 2u 15 = 0, u1 = 5, u2 = 3 ;

v1 = 6, v 2 = 10;
x = 25,

y = 6,

x = 5,

y = 10 ; = 36.

log 9 x log 3 y = 0,
2
2
x 5 y + 4 = 0;

x = 3 ;

x > 0, y > 0,

2
x = y ,
x 2 5 y 2 + 4 = 0;

y 4 5y 2 + 4 = 0 ,

= 2, = 4; = 2 ;
= 1, = 1; = 1 .
: (4; 2), (1; 1).

StudyPort.ru
2 log 2 x 3 y = 15,
y
y +1
3 log 2 x = 2 log 2 x + 3 .

2u v = 15,

log 2 = , 3 = v,
v u = 2u + 3v;
v = 2u 15,
(2u 15)u = 2u + 3(2u 15);

2u 2 15u 2u 6u + 45 = 0 ,

2u 2 23u + 45 = 0, u1 = 9, u 2 = 2,5; v1 = 3, v 2 = 10; log 2 x1 = 9 ,


log 2 x 2 = 2,5; x1 = 512, x 2 = 2 2,5 ; 3 y = 3, y1 = 1, 3 y = 10

. : (512; 1).
186

20.

197. / ,
( + 10) / ; t
; (t

2
)
3

. :
325

x = t ,

xt 2 x + 10t 20 = xt;

3
3
325
2 + 30t 20 = 0,
+ 15t 10 = 0, 3t 2 2t 65 = 0, t1 = 5,
t
26
;
t2 =
6
x t = 325,

(x + 10 ) t 2 = 325;

= 325 : 5 = 65 (/); + 10 = 65 + 10 = 75 (/).


: 65 /,
75 /.
198. /, (15 ) /
( + 15) / .
.
1
1
139
418
418
3 +
3 = 20,
+
= 20, x 15, x 15;
3( x + 15) 3(15 x)
x + 15 15 x

139

StudyPort.ru
418(15)+418(+15)=60(1522), 418(15 + + 15) = 30(152 2),
209 30 = 30 (15 2 x 2 ), 209 = 15 2 x 2 , x 2 = 16, x1 = 4
: 2 = 4. : 4 /.
199. / ; t ,
1
6

t = 220; ( + 5) / , (t 2 ) ,
1
6

, 2 + ( + 5)(t 2 ) = t.
:
220
x t = 220,
t=
,

x
2 x + ( x + 5) t 2 1 = xt;

2 x + xt + 5t 2 1 x 65 = xt;
6

6
6

187

220

t=
,

5t 1 x 65 = 0;

6
6
x 2 + 65 x 6600 = 0,

5 220 x 65

= 0, 6600 x 2 65 x = 0,
x
6 6
x1 = 55,

x2 = 120 .

: 55 /.
200. / I , (x + 6) /
. .. :
(2 x) 2 + ( 2( x + 6)) 2 = 602 , 4 x 2 + 4( x + 6) 2 = 60 2 ,
4 x 2 + 4 x 2 + 48 x + 144 = 3600, x 2 + 6 x 432 = 0, x1 = 18, x2 = 24

. + 6 = 18 + 6 = 24 (/). : 18 /, 24 /.
201. t ; (t 5)
. :
t

12 + 6(t 1)
= 6t + 3t 2 3t = 3t 2 + 3t .
2

: 12(t 5). 3t 2 + 3t + 12t 60 = 390 ,


t 2 + 5t 150 = 0, t1 = 10, t2 = 15 , ..
.
: 10 .
202. ;
2160 2320 3n
=
+ 4, 2160n + 80 2160 = 2320n 3n 2 + 4n 2 + 320n ,
n
n + 80
n 2 + 480n 172800 = 0, n1 = 240, n 2 = 700

StudyPort.ru
.

: 240 3.

203. , I , + 6
, . :
1
1
1
+
= , x2 + 6 x 8x + 24 = 0, x 2 2 x 24 = 0, x1 = 6, x2 = 4
x x+6 4

; + 6 =12

: 6 , 12 .

204. ;
60

. :
x
60
60
0,5 =
, 120( x + 4) ( x + 4) x = 120 x, x 2 + 4 x 480 = 0 ,
x
x+4

1 = 20, 2 = 24 .
: 20 .
188

205. % , ( + 15)%
. :
5 100 4 100
+
= 30, 50 x + 750 + 40 x = 3 x 2 + 45 x, x 2 15 x 250 = 0 ,
x
x + 15

1 = 25, 2 = 10 .

: 25%
40

206. ;

; + 200
40

+ 200
40
40
. :

= 0,1
+ 200

40 + 8000 40 = 0,1(2 + 200), 2 + 200 8000 = 0, 1 = 200,


2 = 400 .
40
100% = 20%, 200 40 = 160 ().
200

: 20%, 160 .

207. ; t
. :
1

xt = 40 2 + 40t ,
3
x t + = 50 2 + 50t;
2
100 + 50t

20 + 40t

,
x =
t

xt + 3 x = 100 + 50t ;

3
3
20 + 40t 3
x = 20 + 40t , 80 + 10t = x, 80 + 10t =
,
2
2
t

StudyPort.ru
160t + 20t 2 = 60 + 120t , t 2 + 2t 3 = 0, t1 = 1, t2 = 3

; = 20 + 40 = 60 (/).

: 60 /.

208. V / ; S . S = 7V,
V =

378 + 7V
,
25

25V = 378 + 7V , 18V = 378, V = 21 (/);

S = 7 21 = 147 ().
: V = 21 /, S = 147 .
209. V1 / ;
V2 / . : 5(V1 + V2) = 50,
5V1
50 V1

= 2,
V2 + 1 V1 1
5V1 (V1 1) (50 5V1 )(V2 + 1) = 2(V2 + 1)(V1 1);

V1 + V2 = 10, V2 = 10 V1;
V 2 = 10 V1 ,

189

5V1 (V1 1) (50 5V1 )(10 V1 + 1) = 2(10 V1 + 1)(V1 1) ,


V12 + 38V1 264 = 0, V1 = 6 /, V 2 = 4 /.

: 6 /, 4 /.
210. .
2 x + 3 y = 130, x = 80 2 y,
:

x + 2 y = 80;

160 4 y + 3 y = 130;

y = 30, x = 20.

: 20 , 30 .
211. ,
25 . , 1:
1
1
1
=
+
; x(25 x) = 6(25 x) + 6 x, 25x x2 = 150 6 x + 6 x ,
12 2 x 2(25 x)
x 2 25 x + 150 = 0, x1 = 15, x2 = 10. 10

15 .
: 15 10 .
212. , II 60 .

,
1,2

60
,
1,6

60
+
,
1,6
1,2

60 x
288
60 4,8
288
=
. 8
= ,
60 :
+
=
1,6 4 x + 3(60 x) x + 180
x + 180
1,2

2 + 180 2304 = 0, = 12 = 192


.
, = 12

288
,
x + 180

StudyPort.ru
1,5 /3; 12 , 48 .

: 12 , 48 , 1,5 /3.

213. , + 3
90%, + 3; ,
9
(m + 3) = x + 3 . + 2 84%;
10

84
9
( + 2) = + . :
100
5

190

9
9
= ,
10
5

+
5

9
( + 3) = + 3,
10
84
9

( + 2) = + ;
100
5

9( + 3) = 10( + 3),

9 + 27 = 10 + 30,
21( + 2) = 25( + 9 );21m + 42 = 25 x + 45;

10 x + 3

m=
,
7
9m = 10 x + 3,
9
(10 x + 3) = 25 x + 3 ,
21m = 25 x + 3; 10 x + 3

21
= 25 x + 3; 3

9
12
10 2,4 + 3
27
70 + 21 = 75 + 9, 5 = 21 9, =
, = 2,4, m =
, m= ,
5
9
9
2,4
= 3. 2,4% %, 3 100%, a =
100 = 80% .
3

: 3 , 80%.
214. , ( + 5)
60
60
. 1 .
,
+5

60
60

= 1, 60(+5)= ( + 5),

+5

2 + 5 300 = 0, = 20 ( ) = 15. ,
15 , 20 .
4 /, 3 /. : 4 /, 3 /.
215. , b. 10 + b.
2
2
2
2
a2 + b2 = 13; 10a + b 9 = 10b + a. + b = 13, + b = 13,

9a 9b = 9;

a b = 1;

StudyPort.ru
(b + 1) 2 + b 2 = 13, b 2 + 2b + 1 + b 2 = 13, 2b 2 + 2b 12 = 0, b 2 + b 6 = 0 ,

b = 2 b = 3 . b > 0, b = 2, = 3
32.
: 32.
216.
a 2 b 2 = 55,
a, b N . (a b)(a + b) = 55,
a b ,
a+b
. 55 = 55 1= 5 11,
a b = 1,
a + b = 55,

a b = 5,

a + b = 11.

2b = 54, b = 27 = 28;
2 = 16, = 8 b = 3.
: 27 28; 3 8.

191

5. , ,

21.
217. ) f = f ( x 0 + x) f ( x 0 ),
1
1
1
1
f 0,105
f = (1,1)2 12 = (1,12 12 ) = 0,21 = 0,105,
=
= 1,05 ;
2
2
2
2
x
0,1
f
0,1 10
) f = 2,21 1 2 1 = 1,1 1 = 0,1 ,
;
=
=
x 0,21 21
f
0,4
) f = 3 2( 2,2) (3 2 2) = 3 4,4 3 + 4 = 0,4,
=
= 2 ;
x
0,2
1
1 1
10
11
=
1 =
1 =
) f =
,
1,1 + 1 1 2,1
21
21
11

f
11 10
110
5
= 21 =
=
= 5
.
x
0,1
21
21
21

218.
) f ( x) = lim

x 0 x

lim

x0

f ( x + x) f ( x)
1 4( x + x) (1 4 x)
= lim
=
x
x
x0

1 4 x 4x 1 + 4 x
4x
= 4 ;
= lim
x
x 0
x 0 x

lim

1,5( x + x)2 1,5x2


1,5x2 + 3xx + 1,52 x 1,5x2
= lim
=
x
x
x0
x0

) f ( x) = lim

StudyPort.ru
=

lim

x0

x(3x 1,5x)
= lim (3x + 1,5x) = 3x; 0 = 2 f (x0) = 6;
x
x0

3( x + x) + 2 3x 2
3 x + 3x + 2 3 x 2
=
= lim
x
x
x 0
x 0

) f ( x) = lim
=

3x

=3;
lim
x 0 x

) f ( x) = lim =
x 0

lim

x 0

192

( x + x) 3 + 1 x 3 1
=
x

x + 3x 2 x + 3x2 x + 3 x + 1 x 3 1
=
x

x(3x 2 + 3 xx + 2 x)
=
x
x 0

lim

2
2
2
lim (3x 3xx + x) = 3x ; 0 = 1 f ( x 0 ) = 3 .

x 0

1 4 1 3 1 2
x x + x x + 5, f ( x) = x 3 x 2 + x 1 ;
4
3
2
) f ( x) = (4 x 2 ) sin x, f ( x) = (4 x 2 ) sin x + (4 x 2 )(sin x) =

219. ) f ( x) =

= 2 x sin x + ( 4 x 2 ) cos x ;

) f ( x) = ( x2 + 5)(x3 2 x + 2), f ( x) = 2x( x3 2 x + 2) ( x2 + 5)(3x2 2) =


= 2 x 4 4 x 2 + 4 x 3x 4 + 2 x 2 15 x 2 + 10 = x 4 17 x 2 + 4 x + 10 ;
cos x
,
) f ( x) =
2 x3
sin x(2 x 3 ) cos x (3x 2 ) 2 sin x + x 3 sin x + 3x 2 cos x
.
f ( x) =
=
2
2
2 x3
2 x3

220. ) f ( x) =

3
x3

5 x +

1
= 3 x 3 x 5

5
3

+ 5 x 3

1 5
9
1
5
1 1
x + 5 x 3 =

;
5
3
x 4 55 x 4 33 x 4

1
2 x
tgx +
;
) f ( x) = (2 x ) tgx , f ( x) =

cos 2 x
2 x
x 3 3x
) f ( x) =
,
1 2x

f ( x) = 3 ( 3 x 4 )

(3x2 3)(1 2x) (x3 3x)(2) 3x2 6x3 3+ 6x + 2x3 6x 4x3 + 3x2 3
;
=
=
(1 2x)2
(1 2x)2
(1 2x)2
sin x
cos x 2
cos x(1 2 cos x) sin x 2 sin x
) f ( x) =
, f ( x) =
=
.
1 2 cos x
(1 2 cos x) 2
(1 2 cos x) 2
f (x) =

StudyPort.ru
1
;
x ln 10
4
2
) f ( x) = e 3 x + 2 log 3 2 x, f ( x) = 3e 3 x +
;
= 3e 3 x +
2 x ln 3
x ln 3
) f ( x) = x 2 52 x , f ( x) = 2 x 52 x + x 2 2 52 x ln 5 = 2 52 x x(1 + x ln 5) ;

221. ) f ( x) = 2 x + lg x, f ( x) = 2 x ln 2 +

) f ( x) =

ln x
e x + e x

1 x
(e + e x ) ln x(e x e x )
x
f ( x) =
.
(e x + e x ) 2

222.
) f ( x) = sin 3 x + cos 5 x,
) f ( x) = 4 1 + x 2 +

f ( x) = 3 cos 3 x 5 sin 5 x ;

1
(2 x 1) 3

f ( x) =
4

2x

4 1+ x

2 3

6
(2 x 1) 4

;
193

) f ( x) = (3 2 x3 )5 ,

f ( x) = 5(3 2 x3 ) 4 ( 6 x 2 ) = 30 x 2 (3 2 x3 ) 4 ;

) f ( x) = lg(3 x) + 3tg (2 x ) ,
f ( x) =

3
+
3x ln 10

3 2
1
6
.
=
+
x ln 10

cos 2 2 x
cos 2 2 x
4
4

223.
) f ( x) = 4 x3 4 x, 4 x3 4 x = 0, 4 x( x2 1) = 0, x1 = 0, x2 = 1, x3 = 1 ;
) f ( x) = 3 cos 2 x 5 cos x 1, 3 cos 2 x 5 cos x 1 = 0,
6 cos2 x 3 5 cos x 1 = 0 . cosx = , 62 5 4 = 0,
1
1
1
y1 = 1 , y 2 = ; cos x = 1 ;
12
2
12
1
2
cos x = , x =
+ 2n, n Z ;
2
3
) f ( x) = x 4 + 10 x 2 9, x 4 + 10 x 2 9 = 0, x 4 10 x 2 + 9 = 0 ;

2 = , 2 10 + 9 = 0, 1 = 9, 2 = 1; 2 = 9, 2 = 1;
1 = 3, 2 = 3, 3 = 1, 4 = 1;
1
2

) f ( x) = 1 2sin 2x, 1 2sin 2x = 0, sin 2x = , 2x = (1)k + k, k Z ,


x = (1) k

k
+
, kZ .
12 2

224.
) 1)
) f ( x) > 0 3;

) f ( x) < 0 1, 5;
) f (x) = 0 2 4.
2) ) f (x) > 0 (2; 4);
) f (x) < 0 (; 2)(4; b);
) f (x) = 0 2 4.
3)
(a; b).
) 1)
) f (x) > 0 1 8;
) f (x) < 0 6;
) f (x) = 0 2, 3, 4, 5, 7.
2) ) f (x) > 0 (; 2) U (7; b);
) f (x) < 0 (5; 7);
) f (x) = 0 (2; 5) 7.
3)
2, 5.

StudyPort.ru
194

) 1)
)
)
2) )
)

) f (x) > 0 1 4;
f (x) < 0 3, 6;
f (x) = 0 2, 5.
f (x) > 0 (; 2) U (0; 5);

f ( x ) < 0 (2; 0) U (5; b);


) f ( x ) = 0 2 5.
3) 0.
) 1)
) f (x) > 0 3;
) f (x) < 0 1, 5, 6;
) f (x) = 0 4.
2) ) f (x) > 0 (2; 4) ;
) f (x) < 0 (; 2) U (4; b);
) f (x) = 0 4.
3) 2.
225.
) y ( x1 ) > y ( x 2 ) ;
) y ( x1 ) > y ( x 3 ) ;
) y ( x 2 ) = y ( x 4 ) ;
) y ( x 3 ) < y ( x 5 ) .

226.
) y ( x1 ) < y ( x 2 ) ;
) y ( x 3 ) > y ( x 5 ) ;
) y( x4 ) = y( x5 ) ;
) y ( x 2 ) > y ( x 4 ) .

StudyPort.ru
227.

(uvw) = (u (vw)) = u(vw) + u(vw) = uvw + u(vw + vw) = uvw + uvw + uvw ,

22.

228. f ( x) ( x 0 ) + f ( x 0 )x ; ) f ( x) =
f ( x1 ) f (2) + f (2) 0,0057 =

1 3
x x,
3

f ( x) = x 2 1 ,

8
2
2 + 3 0,0057 = + 0,0171 =
3
3

= 0,6667 + 00171 = 0,6838 ;

195

f (x2 ) f (2) f (2) 0,021 0,6667 0,063 0,6037 0,604;

) f ( x) = 2 + 4 x x 2 +

1 4
x ,
4

f ( x) = 4 2 x + x 3 ;

f ( x1 ) f (3) + 0,005 f (3) = 2 + 12 9 +

x1 = 3 + 0,005 ,

1
81 + 0,005(4 6 + 27) =
4

1
0,005 25 = 5 + 20,25 + 0,125 = 25,375; x 2 = 2 0,02 ,
4
1
f ( x 2 ) f ( 2) 0,02 f (2) = 2 + 8 4 + 16 0,02( 4 4 + 8) =
4
= 10 0,02 8 = 10 0,16 = 9,84 .

= 5 + 20

1
2

229. ) 9,009 = 9(1 + 0,001) = 3 1 + 0,001 31 + 0,001 = 3 + 0,0005= 3,0005;

15

15

) 1,0001 = (1 + 0,0001) = 1 + 15 0,0001 = 1,0015 ;


) 0,9995 = (1 0,001)5 1 0,001 (5) = 1,005 ;
)

2
1

8,008 = 3 8(1,001) = 23 1 + 0,001 21 + 0,001 2 + 0,001


3
3

2 + 0,666 0,001 = 2,006 .


3

230.
1
3

) f ( x) = x3 + 4 x2 7 x + 18, D( f ) = (; ), f ( x) = x2 + 8x 7 .
:

StudyPort.ru
f ( x) = 0, x 2 + 8 x 7 = 0, x 2 8 x + 7 = 0, x1 = 7, x2 = 1 ;

f (0) < 0, f (2) > 0, f (8) < 0;

f (x) [1; 7], (; 1] [7; );


min = 1, xmax = 7.

) f ( x) =

f ( x) =

2x 2
, D( f ) = (; 3) U (3; ) ,
3 x
4 x(3 x) + 2 x 2
(3 x) 2

4 x 2 + 12 x + 2 x 2
(3 x) 2

2 x 2 + 12 x
(3 x) 2

2 x 2 + 12 x
(3 x) 2

2 x 2 + 12 x = 0, x (2 x 12) = 0, x1 = 0, x2 = 6 ;

196

f (1) < 0, f (1) > 0, f (4) > 0, f (7) < 0 ;

f (x) [0;3) (3;6], (;0] [6;);


min = 0, xmax = 6;
) f ( x) =
f ( x) =

x( x 3 4) 1 4
= ( x 4 x), D( f ) = (; ) ,
2
2

1
(4 x 3 4) = 2 x 3 2; f ( x) = 0, 2 x3 2 = 0,
2

2( x3 1) = 0, x3 = 1, x = 1.
f ( x) [1; ),

f (0) < 0, f (2) > 0;

(; 1]; xmin =1;


x
, D( f ) = (; 4) U ( 4; ) ,
4 x
4 x x(1) 4 x + x
4
; 4
f ( x) =
=
=
(4 x) 2
(4 x ) 2 (4 x) 2

) f ( x) =

> 0,

D(f), .
231. ) f ( x) = cos 2 x 2 cos x, D( f ) = (; ) ,
f ( x) = 2 sin 2 x + 2 sin x; 4 sin x cos x + 2 sin x = 0,
2 sin x (2 cos x 1) = 0, sin x = 0
1

, x = + 2n, n Z ;
2
3

+ 2n; 0 + 2n
3

cos x =

2 cos x = 1, x = n, n Z

f (x)

StudyPort.ru

+ 2n; + 2n , n Z,

+ 2n 2n; + 2n , n Z,
3
3

x min = + 2n, x min = + 2n, x max = 0 + 2n. ;


3
3
x
1
x
1
x
) f ( x) = 2 sin , D( f ) = (; ), f ( x) = cos ; cos = 0,
2
2
2
2
2
x
x
cos = 0,
= + n, n Z , x = + 2n, n Z ;
2
2 2

+ 2n;

197

f < 0, f > 0;
2
2

[ + 4n; 3 + 4n], n Z,
[ + 4n; + 4n], n Z, xmin = + 4n, n Z,
xmax = 3 + 4n, n Z;
) f ( x) = 2 sin x + 2 cos 2 x, D( f ) = (; ), f ( x) = 2 cos x 2 sin 2 x;
2 cos x 2 sin 2 x = 0,
2 cos x 4 sin x cos x = 0,
2 cos x(1 2 sin x ) = 0, cos x = 0 sin x =

1
,
2

+ n, x = (1) k + k , k Z ;
2
6
5

+ 2n; + 2n + 2n;
+ 2n , n Z ,
6
6
2

x=

5
3

+ 2n ; + 2n ) (
+ 2n ;
+ 2n ), x max = + 2n ;
6
6
6
6
2

x max =

+ 2n , x min = + 2n, n Z .
2
6

) f ( x) = 3 x cos 3 x, D( f ) = (; ), f ( x) = 3 + 3 sin 3 x;
3 3 sin 3 x = 0, sin 3 x = 1, 3x =

+ 2n, n Z .
2

StudyPort.ru
2n
+
, nZ ,
6
3

f (0) > 0, f > 0; (; ).


4

x=

232. ) f ( x) = x 2 ( x 2) 2 = x 4 4 x3 + 4 x 2 ;
1) D( f ) : x (; ); 2) E ( f ) : y (; 0);

3) : x 2 ( x 2)2 = 0,
1 = 0, 2 = 2;
4) :

f (2) > 0 ; f (5) > 0; f (1) > 0, y 0 ;


198

5) f ( x) = ( x)2 ( x 2)2 = x 2 ( x 2)2 f ( x) f ( x),


, ;
6) f ( x) = 4 x3 12 x 2 + 8 x; :
4 x 3 12 x 2 + 8 x = 0, 4 x ( x 2 3x + 2) = 0, x1 = 2, x 2 = 1, x 3 = 0,


[0; 1] [2; ],
(; 0]
[1; 2], x min = 0, x min = 2, x max == 1,

f (3) > 0, f (0) = 0,

f (1) = 1, f (2) = 0;

8 x 16 + x 2
+ =
;
x 2
2x
1) D( f ) : x (; 0) U (0; ); 2) E ( f ) : y (; 4) U (4; );

) f ( x) =

3) ;
4) :
y > 0 x > 0, y < 0 x < 0;
5) f ( x) =

16 + ( x) 2
16 + x 2
=
= f ( x)
2( x)
2x

;
6) f ( x) =

2 x 2 x 16 + x 2 2
4x

StudyPort.ru
=

4 x 2 32 2 x 2
4x 2

2 x 2 32
4x 2

x 2 16
2x 2

7) :

x 2 16

= 0, 1 = 4, 2 = 4;

2x 2
f (5) > 0, f (1) < 0, f (1) < 0, f (5) > 0;

x max = 4,

f (4) = 4, xmin = 4,
f (4) = 4,
(; 4] [4; ),
[4; 0) (0; 4];
199

) f ( x) = x3 3x 2 9 x;
1) D( f ) : x (; );
2) E ( f ) : y (; );
3) : x3 3x 9 x = 0,
x( x3 3x 9) = 0,

1 = 0,
2 =

3+3 5
33 5
, 3 =
;
2
2

4) : f (20) > 0;

5) f ( x) = ( x)3 3( x 2 ) 9( x) = x3 3x 2 + 9 x f ( x) f ( x)
, ;
6) f ( x) = 3x 2 6 x 9; :
32 6 9 = 0,
2 2 3 = 0,
1 = 3, 2 = 1;
(; 1] [3; ), [1; 3],
xmax = 1, xmin = 3, f (1) = 5, f (3) = 27;

StudyPort.ru
x
;
4 x2
1) D( f ) : x (; 2) U (2; 2) U (2; );

) f ( x) =

2) E ( f ) : y (; );
3) :

4 x2

= 0, x = 0,

4) :

f (3) < 0, f (1) > 0, f (1) < 0, f (3) > 0;


5) f ( x) =
200

x
4 ( x)

x
4 x2

6) f ( x) =

4 x 2 x(2 x)
(4 x 2 ) 2

4 x 2 + 2x 2

(4 x 2 ) 2

x2 + 4
(4 x 2 ) 2

= 2 ;

(; 2) (2; 2) (2; ), f (5) > 0,


f (0) > 0,

f ( 5) > 0, .

233.
) f ( x) = 1 2 sin 2 x;
1) D( f ) : x (; );
2) E ( f ) : y [1; 3];
3) : 1 2sin2x = 0,
1
, 2x =
2

= (1) k + k , k Z ,
6

x = (1) k + k , k Z ,
6

sin 2 x =

4) :
f ( x) = 1 2 sin(2 x) = 1 + 2 sin 2 x f ( x) f ( x) ,

5)

StudyPort.ru
6) f ( x) = 4 cos 2 x;

: 4cos2x = 0, 2 x =

n
,
+ n, n Z , x = +
2
4 2

n Z;

+ n; + n, n Z ,
4
4

+ n;

+ n, nZ ,
4

xmax = + n, n Z , xmin = + n, n Z, f ( + n) = 3, n Z ,
4
4
4

f ( + n) = 1, n Z ;
4

201

7) = ;
) f ( x) = cos2 x cos x ;
1) D( f ) : x (; ) ;
1
4

2) E ( f ) : y [ ; 2] ;
3) : cos2x cosx = 0,
cosx(cosx 1) = 0,
cosx1 = 0 cosx2 1 = 0, x1 =

+ n, n Z ,
2

cosx2 = 1, x2 = 2k, k Z;
4) :

5) f ( x) = cos2 ( x) cos( x) = cos2 x cos x ;


6) f ( x) = 2 cos x sin x + sin x = sin x(1 2 cos x) ;
: sin x(1 2 cos x) = 0, sinx1 = 0
1 2 cos x = 0,

x1 = n, n Z , cos x =

1
,
2

x2 =

+ 2k , k Z ,
3

+ 2k , k Z ,
3
= n, n Z ,

x3 =
x max

+ 2k , x min = + 2k , k Z ;
3
3
1
1


f = , f (0) = 0, f = , f () = 2 ;
3
4
3
2

x min =

StudyPort.ru

+ 2n; 0 + 2n] [ + 2n; + 2n], n Z ,


3
3

5
[2n; + 2n] [ + 2n;
+ 2n; ], n Z ;
3
3

7) = 2;

) f ( x) = 3 cos

202

x
;
2

1) D ( f ) : x ( ; ) ; 2) E ( f ) : y [ 2; 4] ;
x
x
= 0, cos = 3 , ;
2
2
4) y > 0 D(f);
x
x
5) f ( x) = 3 cos( ) = 3 cos ;
2
2

3) : 3 cos

6) f ( x) =

1
x
sin ;
2
2

1
x
x
sin = 0,
= n, x = 2n, n Z ;
2
2
2

[0 + 2n; 2 + 2n], n Z ,
[2 + 2n; 4 + 2n], n Z ; xmax = 2 + 4n, n Z ,
f ( 2) = 4, xmin = 4n, n Z , f (0) = 2 .
7) = 4;
) f ( x ) = sin 2 x sin x ;
1) D( f ) : x (; ) ;
1
4

2) E ( f ) : y [ ; 2] ;
3) :
sin2x sinx = 0, sinx(sinx 1) = 0,
sin x1 = 0 sin x 2 = 1, x1 = n, n Z , x 2 =

+ 2k , k Z ;
2

StudyPort.ru
4) :

5) f ( x) = sin 2 ( x) sin( x) = sin 2 x + sin x f ( x) f ( x)


, ;

6) f ( x) = 2 sin x cos x cos x ;


: 2 sin x cos x cos x = 0 ,
cos x(2 sin x 1) = 0, cos x = 0, x =

x = (1) k

1
+ n, n Z , sin x = ,
2
2

+ k , k Z ,
6

203

+ 2n; + 2n U + 2n;
+ 2n,
2
2
6
6

+ 2k , n Z , k Z ,
+ 2k ; + 2k U + 2k ;
6
6
2
2

+ n, n Z , x min = (1) k + k , k Z ;
6
2
1
5
3

f = 0, f = ; f = 2 .
4
2
6
2

x max =

7) 0 = 2.
234.
) f ( x) = x ln x ; 1) D( f ) : x (0; ) ;

; ;
e

2) E ( f ) : y

x ln x = 0, x1 = 0 ,

3) :

x 2 = 1; 0 D ( f ) ;

4) :
5) , ;
6) y ( x) =

1
2 x

ln x + x

1 ln x
x
=
+
;
x 2 x
x

:
ln x
2 x

x
x ln x + 2 x
= 0,
= 0 , x ln x + 2 x = 0, x (ln x + 2) = 0 ,
x
2x x

StudyPort.ru
x1 = 0, ln x2 = 2, 0 D( f ), x2 = e2 ; x > e-2,

(0; -2]; xmin = e 2 ,

2
1
f 2 = .
e
e

7) .

ex
; 1) D ( f ) : x ( ; 0) U (0; ) ;
x
2) E ( f ) : y (; 0) U [e; ) ;

) f ( x) =

3) ;
4) :

204

y > 0 x > 0, y < 0 x < 0;


5) f ( x) =

e x
1
=
f ( x) f ( x) , ;
x
xe x

6) f (x) = :
exx ex

e x ( x 1)

=0,

= 0, x = 1 ,
x2
x (; 0) (0; 1],
x2

x [1; );

x min = 1,

f (1) = e ;

7) ;
2

) f ( x) = 2 x 4 x ;
1) D ( f ) : x (; ) ;
2) E ( f ) : y [

1
; ) ;
16

3) ;
4) y > 0 D(f);
f ( x) = 2 ( x)

5)

4( x )

= 2x

+4 x

f ( x) f ( x)

;
6) f ( x) = 2 x
2x

4 x

ln 2 (2 x 4) ;

4 x

ln 2 (2 x 4) =0,
x [2; ) , x (; 2] ,
x min = 2, f (2) =

1
;
16

StudyPort.ru
7) ;
) f ( x) = x ln x ;
1) D( f ) : x (0; ) ; 2) E ( f ) : y [1; ) ; 3) ;
4) y > 0 ;
5) , ;
6) f ( x) = 1

1 x 1
;
=
x
x

:
x 1
= 0, = 1,
x

(0; 1],
[1; ),
x min = 1, f (1) = 1 ;
7) .
205

235. ) :
f (1) = 18 1 + 8 1 3 1 = 18 + 8 3 = 23 , f (3) = 18 9 + 8 27 3 81 = 135 .
:
f ( x) = 36 x + 24 x 2 12 x3 , 36 x + 24 x 2 12 x3 = 0 ,
3x + 2 x 2 x3 , x(3 + 2 x x 2 ) = 0, x1 = 0 ,
x 2 2 x 3 = 0, x2 = 3, x3 = 1, 1 [1; 3] .

: f (0) = 0.
: 135, 0.
) f (0) = 2 cos 0 cos 0 = 2 1 = 1, f () = 2 cos cos 2 = 2 1 = 3 ,
f ( x) = 2 sin x + 2 sin 2 x, 2 sin x + 2 sin 2 x = 0, 2 sin x + 4 sin x cos x = 0 ,
2 sin x(1 2 cos x) = 0, sin x = 0, cos x =

, x = , x = ,
2
3

1
f () = 3, f ( ) == 2 cos cos = 1 .
2
3
3
3
2
1
) f ( x) = + x 2 , [ ; 1] ,
x
2
2

1
1
2
2
1 2 1
f = + = 4 + = 4 , f (1) = + 1 = 3, f ( x) =
+ 2x ,
1
4
4
1
2
2
x2
2
2
f ( x) = 0,
+ 2 x = 0, 2 + 2 x 3 = 0, x 3 = 1, x = 1, f (1) = 3 .
x2
) f ( x) = sin x x, [ ; ], f ( ) = sin( ) ( ) = ,


f () = sin = , f (x) = cosx 1, cosx 1 = 0, cosx = 1, x = , f ( ) = .
2
2
2

StudyPort.ru
: , .

236. , 10 .
= 3 + (10 )3 [0; 10],
) ; ) .
f (0) = 1000, f (10) = 1000, f (x) = 60x 300, 60x 300 = 0, x = 5;
f (5) = 125 + 125 = 250.
237. , 20 .

S ( x) =

1
x(20 x) , ,
2

D(S).
S(x)=10x, S(15)<0, S(5)>0,
10 .
: I, II 10 .
206

238. , 12 .
.
P ( x) = x 2 + (12 x) 2 D(P).
P( x) = 4 x 24, 4 x 24 = 0, x = 6,

= 6 , , S (6) = 72 .
: 72 2.
239.

, .

D,
. t.
DC = 2 40t, EC = 3 50t,
DE = (2 40t ) 2 + (3 50t ) 2 .

S (t ) = (2 40t ) 2 + (3 50t ) 2

(S).
8200t 460

S (t ) =

2 (2 40t ) + (3 50t )

, 8200t 460 = 0, t =

23
,
410

(2 40t )2 + (3 50t )2 = 4 160t + 1600t 2 + 9 300t + 2500t 2 = 4100t 2 460t ,


23
23
, , S
.
410
410

StudyPort.ru
240.

.;
= , :
tgEOB = tg(EOA BOA) =
3,2 1,8

x = 1,4 x ,
= x
3,2 1,8 x 2 + 5,76
1+

x x

f(x) =

1,4 x
2

x + 5,76

0 < EOB <

(0; ) ; tg
2
2

, , f(x)
(0; ).
207

f ( x) =

( x 2 + 5,76) x 2 x
2

( x + 5,76)

1,4 =

1,4(5,76 x 2 )
( x 2 + 5,76)2

(2,4; ) f ( x ) < 0 ,

f ( x) = 0 = 2,4.

(2,4; )

f ( x ) < f ( 2,4).

, f ( x ) < f ( 2,4) (0; 2,4). , fmax = f(2, 4).


241.

.
= , = 4 .
tgAOB = tg (AOC BOC ) =
8 4

4x
= x x =
= f ( x).
8 4 x 2 + 32
1+
x x



AOB 0; , 0; tg .
2
2

f ( x) =

4( x 2 + 32) 4 x 2 x
( x 2 + 32) 2

128 4 x 2
( x 2 + 32) 2

4(32 x 2 )
( x 2 + 32) 2

f = 0 x = 32 = 4 2 . fmax = f( 4 2 ).

;
: 4 2 .

242. R2 = l 2 h2, R2 = 400 h2 , l ;


R ; h . :
V =

1
1
3
R 2 h = ( 400h h 3 ) ( ).
3
3

StudyPort.ru
f (h) = 400h h 3 [0; 20].
f (h) = 400h h3 ,

f ( h) = 0 h =

20

. f (0) = f (20) = 0,

20

20

f > 0, f (h) h =
.
3
3
243.
:
AOB : AB 2 = AO 2 BO 2 , ..
r2 = R2

h2
,
4

; h ;
V = r 2 h = ( R 2 h

208

h3
).
4

h3
) [0; 2R].
4
2R
3
2
2
.
V ( h) = ( R 2 h 2 ), V (h) = 0 3h = 4R , .. h =
4
3
2R
.. V(0) = V(2R) = 0, V = Vmax , V(h)
3
2R
2R
. :
.
h =
3
3

V (h) = (R 2 h

244. h ,
,
h=

(R r )H
.
R

r
h OB AB
+
=
+
=1.
R H OA OA

:
r(R r)H

S (r ) = 2r 2 + 2rh = 2 r 2 +
=
R

r 2 ( R H ) + rRH
= 2
R

S(r) V (0; R). S


R H ,
,
r0 .
r0 =

RH
RH
< R , .. < 2(H R),
, : 1) R H < 0 2)
2( R H
2( R H

StudyPort.ru
R <

H
. R = H , S(r) = 2rH,
2

(0; R). : R = H.
245. h r , ,
H R . :
r
h OB AB
+
=
+
= 1 ,
R H OA OA

H =

R 2 h
1
Rh
.
, V ( R ) = R 2 H =
3( R r )
3
R2

V(R) (2; ).
V ( R ) =

h( 2 R 3 3R 2 r )
3( R r ) 2

;
209

V ( R ) = 0 2 R 3 = 3R 2 r , R = 1,5r. , V (1,5r ) = Vmin


(r; ), V (r; 1,5r) [1,5; ).
246.
.
OEA BEC .

:
R
=
H R

OA BC
, ..
=
EO EB

x
H 2 + x2

, ,

R 2 H 2 + R 2 x 2 = ( H R) 2 x 2 ,

x2 =

R2

(H R ) 2

x2
H 2 + x2

x 2 (( H R) 2 R 2 ) = R 2 H 2 ,

1
1 R 2 H 2
R2H
. , V = x 2 H =
.
3
3 H 2R
H 2R

V (H) (2l; ).
V ( H ) =

R 2 ( H 2 4 RH )
3( H 2 R) 2

V ( H ) =0 =4R. V

(2R; 4R) (4R; ), V(4R) = Vmin


(2R; ).
: 4R.
247. . , :
x2
H 2 + x2
V (H ) =

R
H 2R2
, x 2 = 2
;
H
H R2

1 2
1
H3
;
x H = R 2
2
3
3
H R2

StudyPort.ru
1 2 2 2
R ((H R )3H 2 H3 2H )
3
V (H ) =
=
(H 2 R2 )
R2 (H 4 3H 2R2 )
=
.
3(H 2 R2 )2

V ( H ) = 0 H = R 3 , : = R.

248. h 2 = D 2 b 2 . R
R=kbh2. R(b) = kb( D 2 b 2 ) = kb(1600 b 2 ) .
R(b) [0; 40].
R (b ) = k (1600 3b 2 ) R (b) = 0 b =

210

40
3

40
> 0,
R(0) = R(40) = 0, R

b =

40
3

, h = 40

2
.
3

249.
.
1
1
S ( R) = 2R ( P 2R R) + R2 =
2
2
1

= PR 2R2 R2 + R2 = PR 2 + R2 .
2
2

S(R) 0 < 0,
, :

S ( R ) = P 2 + 2 R = P (4 + ) R, S ( R) = 0
2

P
R =
.
4+
1
P
1
2+
1
4+2
P = P
( P ( 2 + ) R ) = ( P

,
=
2
2
4+
2
4+
4+

..

.
250.
2, . S = xy. ,
2 = , x 2 = y (2 R y ) S 2 = x2 y2 = y3(2R y) .
f ( y ) = y 3 (2 R y ) [0; 2R].

StudyPort.ru
f ( y ) = 4 y 3 + 6 Ry 2 , f ( y ) = 0 = 0

= 1,5R. f (0) = f (2R) = 0,

f (1,5 R ) =

27 4
R .
16

,
,
1,5R .
: 1,5R .
251.
2b, 2,
r = OH = HC tg = btg . b S

S = 0,5 AC BH = b btg , , b 2 =

S
.
tg2

:
211

Stg 2
S (1 tg 2 ) tg 2
.
=
2 tg
2tg

r 2 = b 2 tg 2 =

1 tg 2

tg tg3 ().

() [0; ] .
4
u (a) =

1
2

cos

3tg 2
2

cos

u ( a ) = 0 tg =

1 3tg 2
cos 2

, .. = k , k Z . x 0 =

,
6

3
2

0 0, . : (0)= ( ) =0 =
. umax() = u .
4
4
6
3 3
6

4 = .
3

252.

:
2

r(x) = (2 x)2 + x2 .
2

f ( x) = r 2 ( x) ; r(x) > 0 ,

.
1

f (x) = 2(2 x)(1) + 2 x2 2x = 4 + 2x + 4x 2x = 4x3 4 = 4(x3 1) , f (x) = 0


2

= 1, x < 1 f (x) <0, x>1 f (x) > 0,

StudyPort.ru
= 1 f (x) ,
, r(x).

: (1; 1).

x2 3
,
4

253. ,

4V
hx 2 3
( h ), h = 2
.
4
x 3

S(x)

(0; ). S ( x) = x 3

3 = 4V. S(x) (0;

( )

4V 3
x2

. S ( x ) = 0

4V ) ( 3 4V ; ),

S 3 4V S (0; ). :
212

4V .

23.
2
3

254. ) x1 (t ) = 2 t 3 , x 2 (t ) = 2t 3 ;
x1(t ) = 8t 2 , x2 (t ) = 2, v1(t ) < v2 (t )
8t 2 < 2, 4t 2 < 1, t 2 <

x1 (t ) = 9t 2 + 1,

1
1
1
, <t < .
4
4
4

x 2 (t ) = t 3 . v1 (t ) = 18t , v 2 (t ) = 3t 2 , v1 (t ) < v 2 (t )

18t < t 2 , t 2 18t > 0, t (t 18) > 0, t > 0 t > 18 .

255. (t ) = 0,1t 2 0,5t + 0,2; (t ) = (t ) = 0,2t 0,5;



(20) = 0,2 20 0,5 = 3,5
.

256.
r (t ) = 0,01(/), S (t ) = r 2 (t ), S (t ) = 2r (t )r (t ); r = 2

S = 2 2 0,01 = 0,04 2 / .

257.
s1 (t ) = 5t , s 2 (t ) = 2t 2 t .


s 2 (t ) = s12 (t ) + s 22 (t )
2s1 (t ) s 2 (t ) cos 60 o =
= s12 (t ) + s 22 (t ) s1 (t ) s 2 (t ) ,

StudyPort.ru
s (t ) = s12 (t ) + s 22 (t ) s1 (t ) s 2 (t ) = 25t 2 + ( 2t 2 t ) 2 5t (2t 2 t ) =

= 25t 2 + 4t 4 4t 3 +t 2 10t 3 + 5t 2 = 4t 4 14t 3 + 31t 2 ;

:
1

1
2(8t 3 21t 2 + 31t )
=
s(t ) = (4t 4 14t 3 + 31t 2 ) 2 (16t 3 42t 2 + 62t ) =
2
2 4t 4 14t 3 + 31t 2

t (8t 2 21t + 31)

8t 2 21t + 31

. t = 3:

t 4t 2 14t + 31
4t 2 14t + 31
8 9 21 3 + 31
72 63 + 31
40
=
= 8 (/).
=
s(3) =
4 9 14 3 + 31
36 42 + 31
25

213

258.
,
x(t) = 2t ();

y(t ) = 25 x2 (t ) = 25 4t 2 .

:
y(t ) =

8t
2 25 4t

4t

25 4t 2

, = 3 (), t =
4

3
, y =
2

3
2

25 4

9
4

3
(c),
2

6
25 9

6
3
= .
4
2

259. x(t) = 2t

y = 25 x 2 ,

y (t ) = 25 4t 2 ;

1
(25 4t 2 ) 2 (8t ) =
2
8t
4t
=
;
=
2 25 4t 2
25 4t 2

y (t ) =

StudyPort.ru
-

4t

25 4t 2

; :
4t

4 25 4t 2 4t

y(t ) =

25 4t

4t
25 4t

25 4t 2

4(25 4t 2 + 4t 2 )
2

(25 4t ) 25 4t

100
(25 4t 2 ) 3

260. m( x) = kx 2 ; m(2) = 10 , 10 = k 4, k = 2,5.


1) m(12) = 2,5 144 = 360; () = () = 5.
2) (0) = 0; (12) = 60.
: 1) 360 ; 5 /; 2) 0 /; 60 /.
214

100

(25 4t 2 )3

261. (t ) = kt 2 ; t = 8 (t ) = 2, 2 = k 64, k =

.
32

:
(t ) = (t ) =

2t =
t ; ( 48) = 48 = 3 .
32
16
16

262. x(t ) =

g 2
2
t + v 0 t + x 0 , v 0 = 40 (/), 0 = 10 , g = 10 / ;
2

x(t ) = 5t 2 + 40t + 10 .

) (5) = 5 25 + 40 5 + 10 = 210 125 = 85 ().


) v(t) = 0,

v(t ) = x(t ) = 10t + 40, 10t + 40 = 0, t = 4c;

(4) = 5 16 + 40 4 + 10 = 80 + 160 + 10 = 90 ().


263. f (x0) = tg.
= 45, tg = 1, 0,
) f (x0) = 1 ) f (x0) = 1.
f (x0) = . ) = 1, = 1, f (1) = 1,5; ) = 1, = 1, f (1) = 1,5.
: ) 0 = 1, ) 0 = 1, 1 (1; 1,5); 2 (2; 1,5).
264. tg135 = 1.
1
3

f ( x) = 3 x 2 + x 1, 3x 2 + x 1 = 1, 3 x 2 + x = 0, x1 = 0, x2 = .

265. f ( x) = 3x 2 + x 1, 3 x 2 + x + 1 = 0, D < 0 , ;
,
, .

StudyPort.ru
266. f ( x) = 5 x 4 + 2 ; f (x )
,
,
, .

267. (x+2)2 =2x2, x2 +4x+4=2x2, 2x2 +4x+2=0, x2 + 2x +1= 0, (x +1)2 = 0, x = 1;


x = 1 f (x) = g (x), , 0 = 1
.
, 1.
y = f ( x 0 )( x x 0 ) + y 0 .
f ( x) = 2x + 4, f (1) = 2, f (1) = 1, y1 = 2( x + 1) + 2 = 2x + 2 + 1 = 2x + 3 ;
g( x) = 2x, g(1) = 2, g (1) = 1, y2 = 2( x + 1) + 1 = 2x + 3

1 = 2 + 3 2 = 2 + 3. .
215

24.
x 3 x 4 x 3+ 3

+
+c ;
3
4
3+ 3
) F ( x) = 2 x + 3 ln | x 1 | +c ; ) F ( x) = tg2x - ctg3x + c .
1
3

268. ) F ( x) = 4 cos x + sin 3 x + c ; ) F ( x) =

269. .
1
e

) F ( x) = 2 ln | x | +c, 2 = 2 ln + c, 2 = 2 + c, c = 4 ; F ( x) = 2 ln | x | + 4 ;
1
x

) F ( x) = + sin x + c,
2
1

2
2
1
= + sin + c, = + 1 + c, c = 1 ; F ( x) = + sin x 1 ;

x
2
1
1
23
1
23
) F ( x) = 3 + c, 3 = + c, c = 2 ; F ( x) = 3 2 ;
24
24
24
3x
3x
1
1
1
) F ( x) = cos 2 x + c, 1 = cos 0 + c, 1 = + c, c = 1,5 ;
2
2
2
1
F ( x) = cos 2 x + 1,5 .
2

270. f(x)=2x3, f ( x) = x 2 3x + c . : f (2) = 2, = 4.


: f ( x) = x 2 3x + 4 .
271. F(x) = x3 + C, = 2 = 3. 3 = 23 + ,
= 5; = 3 5.

StudyPort.ru
1
2

1
4

272. x(t ) = sin t cos t = sin 2t , x(t ) = cos 2t + c .

3 = 0,25cos

+ c, = 3; x(t ) = 0,25 cos 2t + 3 .


2

25.

3
2

273. )

cos(1,5 + 0,5 x) dx = 2 sin(1,5 + 0,5 x)

= 2 sin(1,5 +

216

3
2
) 2 sin(1,5 + ) = 2 cos 2 sin 2 = 2
0 = 2 ;
4
2
4
2

1
x

) ( x 2 + x 2 )dx = +

3
2

x3
3

2
= 1 + 8 + 1 1 = 17 = 2 5 ;
1
2 3
3 6
6

1
1
6
) (cos 3 x sin 2 x)dx = sin 3 x + cos 2 x =
2
3

12

12

1 3 1
1 3 1
2 1 1
2 1 3
7
2
3
= sin + cos sin cos = +

=
;
3
6 2
3 3 12 2
12 3 4 6 2 2
12 6
4
2

x3 2
8
125
) (5 6x x2 )dx = 5x 3x2 = 10 12 + (25 75 + ) =

3
3
3
5

22 +

8
125
+ 100
= 78 39 = 39 .
3
3

274. ) cos dx = 2 sin


2
2
0

= 2 sin

a
a
2 sin 0 = 2 sin ;
2
2

1) : 2 = + 4n 2,
2) : 2 = + 4n 2.
a+

0
=

cos 2 xdx =

a+
1
1

sin 2 x 2 = (sin 2(a + ) sin 2 0) =


2
2
2
0

1
1
sin( + 2a) = sin 2a ;
2
2

StudyPort.ru
1

; = + n;
2
4
1

2) : ; = + n.
2
4

1) :

275. )

:
0,5 x 2 2 x + 3 = 7 x , 0,5x2 2x + 3 + x 7 = 0 , x 2 2 x 8 = 0 , 1=2, 2=4;
217

x2 4 x3

S=
(7 x)dx (0,5x2 2x + 3) = 7x x2 + 3x =

2 6
2

2
2
64
8
= 28 8 + 14 + 2 ( 16 + 12 + 4 + 6) = 10 ;
6
6

) S = 4 x
= 8

2
x3 2 x3

2 x2 + 4 x =
0

3 0 3

8 8
16
2

8 + 8 = 8
=2 ;
3
3
3 3

) :

x 2 3x + 4 = x + 1,

x 2 4 x + 3 = 0,

x1 = 3,

x2 = 1 ;

x2
3 x3

3
x2
S = ( x + 1)dx ( x 2 3x + 4)dx = + x 3 + 4 x =

2
1 3

1
1

StudyPort.ru
=

1
9
1
27
1 3
2

+ 3 1 9
+ 12 + 4 = 6 4 = 1 ;
2
2
2
3 2
3
3

) :

x2 2 x + 2 = 2 + 4 x x2 , 2 x2 6 x = 0, 2 x( x 3) = 0, x1 = 0, x2 = 3 ;

218

3
2
x3 3 x3
2

S = (2 + 4x x )dx (x 2x + 2)dx= 2x + 2x2 x2 + 2x =

0 3
0

0
0
= 6 + 18 9 (9 9 + 6) = 15 6 = 9 .
: S = 9.

276.

S 1 = 8dx ( x + 4) dx = 8 x

2
4

4
4

x2

+ 4x
2

4
2

= 32 + 32 (8 + 16 2 + 8) = 64 30 = 34 ;
4

x3 4
1 2
64 8
S2 = (x + 4)dx
x dx = 30 = 30 + = 3012=18;
6 2
2

6 6

2
2
2

1 2
x3
S3 =
x dx =
6
4 2

2
4

8 64 56
1
= +
=
=9 ;
6 6
6
3

1
2
SI = 34 9 = 24 , SII = 18.
3
3

StudyPort.ru
277. :
y = 2 x,
y(3) = 1,

y (3) = 4,

y = 1( x 3) + 4 = x + 7.

219

x2
3

+ 7x
S=
( x + 7)dx (2,5 + 2 x 0,5x 2 )dx =
2
1

x3 3 9
1
9
1

2,5 x + x 2 + 21 + + 7 7,5 + 9 + 2,5 1 =

1 2
6
2
2
6

= 24 13

5
1
= 10 (..).
6
6

278. :

y( x) = 2 x 4, y(1) = 2, y (1) = 2, y1 = 2( x 1) + 2 = 2 x + 2 + 2 = 2 + 4;

2
3

x3
3
2

S = ( x 4x + 5)dx (2x + 4)dx (2x 4)dx = 2x2 + 5x


3
1

1
1
2
3
1
( x2 + 4x) ( x2 + 4x) = 9 18 + 15 + 2 5 (4 + 8 + 1 4)
3
1
2

StudyPort.ru
2
2
(9 12 4 + 8) = 2 1 1 = .
3
3

279.
,

(0; 0),
y = kx2,

k=

4
;
a

y=

4 x2
;
a

a2

4
8 x3
S1 = 2 x 2 dx =
a 3
a

a2
0

a2
8 a3

=
;
a 83
3

S2 = a2

220

a2
;
3

S1 a 2 3
1
=

= .
3 2a 2 2
S2

280.

x3
2

+ 2 x 2 + ax 4 =
S = ( x 2 + 4 x + a) dx S OABC =
3
0

0
8
20
20
8
, , 2a +
=12, = .
= + 8 + 2a 4 = 2a +
3
3
3
3

281.
f ( x) = a cos x ;
2

a
a
a
2
(a sin x + b)dx = cosx + bx = 1 + 2b + = 2b.

0
0

f (2) = 2, 2 = cos2, 2 = a, =

2
.

f ( x)dx = 4,

2
, b = 2.

StudyPort.ru
2b = 4, b = 2.

: =

221