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ISSN 2306-4099

2 2012
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77-49339 10 2012 .

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E-mail: arch.pov@mail.ru
http://www.tataroved.ru
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...............230
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25.12.2012 . 70108 1/16
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POVOLSKA ARHEOLOGI. 2 2012


(THE VOLGA RIVER REGION ARCHAEOLOGY)
CONTENTS
Galimova M.Sh. The mesolithic eneolithic flint assemblages
from the north part Ik-Belaya interfluent area .....................................................6
Afanasev G.E. Buldings materials and metrology
of khazar-alans Don basin forts ........................................................................29
Borisov B.D. Archaeological evidences for proto-bulgarian presence
on territory of the South Bulgaria ......................................................................50
Izmailov I.L. Mortuary and funeral ceremonialism and a amours complex
of the ancient and medieval population (to problem statement) ........................66
Danich A.V. Blade weapons of the Permien Ural ...................................................86
Gaynullin I.I., Ermolaev O.P., Sitdikov A.G., Usmanov B.M.
Complex research of destroyed archaeological monuments on a district
of coastline of the Kuibyshev reservoir near Izmry village
(the Spassky region of the Republic of Tatarstan) ...........................................107
Rudenko K.A. Some results of researches of the Ostolopovo settlement
in area Alekseevskoe of the Republic of Tatarstan ..........................................123
Nikitina T.B., Efremova D.Yu. The funeral rite of complexes with moulded
tooles from medieval sepulchers of IXXII centuries
of the Vetluga-Vyatka interfluve ......................................................................146
Dubrovin G.E. A fire of the Trade side of Novgorod in 1508 ...............................166

Publications
Narozhnyi V.E., Narozhnyi E.I. Entombment 67 of Keliyskiy burial
(Mountainous Ingushetia) ................................................................................173
Shakirov Z.G., Valiev R.R., Sitdikov A.G. About building of the suburbian
part of Sviyazhsk (on materials of excavations of 2008) .................................184

Notes
Chizhevsky A.A. Ceramics with bast prints from excavation
on the site of ancient settlement Lbishche in 2003 ..........................................211
Kochkina A.F. Stone casting molds from the Muromsky towm
on Samarskaya Luka ........................................................................................218
Gubaydullin A.M. Researches on the Old-Kuibyshev
site of ancient settlement ..................................................................................223

POVOLSKA ARHEOLOGI. 2 2012


(THE VOLGA RIVER REGION ARCHAEOLOGY)

Chronicle
Stavitsky V.V. III All-Russian scientific conference Volga Region finns
and their neighbours during Antiquity and Middle Ages ...............................230
Sitdikov A.G., Khuzin F.Sh., Shakirov Z.G. II International congress
of medieval archeology of the Eurasian steppes ..............................................233
Kuzminykh S.V., Chizhevsky A.A. All-Russian scientific conference
Ananyinsky world: sources, development, communications,
historical destinies .........................................................................................242
List of abbreviations .............................................................................................248
Rules for authors ...................................................................................................250

2012

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, 2000.
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. , 1982.
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1978.

2 2012

.. - // ( . . 2.
). , 1978.
.. III - // . , 1981.
.. 19651981 . //
. , 1982.
.. VIII
. , 2003.
.. ( -) // . . 15, . I. ., 2007.
.. -
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// : .
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- // . . 7.
, 2009.
.., ..
- // . 2012. . 227.
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1978. 2.
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. ., 2005.
.. . , 2011.
.. , -, . ( 4) // . ., 1996.
.. . // .
. I. ., 1972.
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// . ,
1981.
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- ( . . 2. ). , 1978.
.. // . , 2002.
.. 3 . , 2011.
.., .. . , 2008.

2012

.. //
. , 1990.
.. //
-. , 1984.
.. // . , 1987.
.. , - //
. .: , 1987.
.. // . . 14. , 2011.
.. - // . , 1984.
.. ,
:
//
. . . 4. , 2009.
.. . ( ) // . . 7. , 2009.
.. IV ( ): . . . . .
, 2010.
.. //
. . 3. . , 2008.
.. - ( ): . . . . , 2012.
Galimova M. Stone Age burial sites in eastern Tatarstan: use-wear and technological
analyses of the flint assemblages// Prehistoric Technology 40 years later: Functional
Studies and the Russian Legacy. Proceedings of the Internatinal Congress Verona (Italy),
2023 April 2005. BAR International Series 1783. Verona, 2008.
:

1969 . , 1970 //
. . .
.. : . . . . .,
1972. 201 . // : -2 2098.

2 2012

THE MESOLITHIC ENEOLITHIC FLINT ASSEMBLAGES


FROM THE NORTH PART OF IK-BELAYA INTERFLUENT AREA

M.Sh. Galimova
Keywords: Mesolithic, Neolithic, Eneolithic, flint, blade industries, burial
assemblages, Volga-Kama region.

The article deals with a problem of chronological division complex multilayer


settlement of stone eneolithic age situated near the mouth of Belaya river (left tributary
of Kama), on the bank of Azibey lake. Resulting mineral and petrography study a
peculiar type of raw material stratus grey flint has been singled out among the flint
assemblages. The blades and other tools made of this special type of flint have been
supposed used during the Final Neolithic Early Eneolithic on the whole. Flint tool-kits
found within chronologically similar isolated complexes of the burials Russky Shugan
and Minniarovo confirm this hypothesis.

2012

2012 . ..
, . (gennady.afanasiev@mail.ru)
: , , , ,
, , , , , .
-
, - . : , , . ,
. ,

. , ,
.
-
.

3050- . IX . , , , .

..
- // . 1935. . 131.
.. // . 1958. 62.
..
VIIIX . ( - ) // . . 2. ., 1987.
.. ( --
). ., 1993.
.. ? // . 2011. 3.
.. // . . 5. ( ).
. . ., 1989.
.., .., .. XVIII ( 1941,
1947 1948 .) // . 1953. 34.
. . ., 2006.

10

2 2012

.. - ().
.. : . . ... . . . ., 2006.
.. XIII . // . 2009.
. XV.
.. X . : , - . . ... . . . ., 2008.
. IX X . , 2010.
. . // . 2001. 6 (41).
- .. 1903
// . 1905. . 16.
. X . // . 1903. . 10.
. . // ii : i 63- i
i. i, 2010.
.. // . 1997. . VI.
.. - IX . // (950- ,
800- ). . . XVII . .
. ., 2004.
- .. - 1953
1954 . // () . (. 1959.
67).
.. . // . 1981. . 168.
. . ; ., 2005.
. . // , - . IVXIII . ., 2003.
.. . , 1996.
.. . .; , 2000.
. . ., 1992.
.. // . 1959. 72.
.. // .
1976. . 37.
.. . ., 1948.
.. // . 1957.
1.
.. IVIX . //
- . . VIII. , 2008.
.. //
. . . . . 3. , 2002.

11

2012

.. // . 4-1. , 2007.
.. I // . 1963.
1.
.. II // . 1967.
. 109.
., . // Vita Antiqua. 1999. . 1.
.. , . .
// . 2003.
. 34.
.. // LAUREA. 80-
. , 2007.
.. //
. LIX. C., 1888.
. // . 1940. 1.
.. ( ) // . 1. , 2002.
.. (
) // . 7. ,
2009.
.., .. :
// -
- .
, 2008.
.., .., 2010.
// http://theatron.byzantion.ru/topic.php?forum=12&topic=121&start=4.
.. // . j. IV.
, 2006.
Atrash W. Bet Shean, Shikun Alef Final Report // Hadashot Arkheologiyot. 2009.
Vol. 121.
Benson J.I. Ancient Leros // Greek, Roman and Byzantine Monographs. 3. Durham. North Carolina, 1963.
Biernacki A.B. The Ceramic Building Material of the 1st Italian Legion in Novae. The
Relationship between Form and Function // Archaeologia Bulgarica. 2003. Vol. VII.
etinkaya H. A Byzantine Chapel at Apolyont / Glyazi // Anatolia Antiqua. 2010.
Vol. XVIII.
De Vries B., Lain A., Schick R. The Lime Kiln (Area O) // The Roman Frontier in
Central Jordan. Vol. 1. Washington, 2006.
El-Gohary M.A., Al-Naddaf M.M. Characterization of bricks used in the external
casing of roman bath walls Gadara-Jordan // Mediterranean Archaeology and
Archaeometry. 2009. Vol. 9, 2.
Kawatoko M. Archaeological Survey of the Rya/al-r Area on the Sinai Peninsula,
Egypt // http://150.48.245.51/seikabutsu/2003/01254/contents/0007_001.htm
Obolensky D. The Byzantine Commonwealth. Eastern Europe 5001453. London,
1971.

12

2 2012

Pringle D. The Defence of Byzantine Africa from Justinian to the Arab Conquest (An
account of the military history and archaeology of the African provinces in the sixth and
seventh centuries). BAR International Series 99 (i). 1981.
Lnnqvist M., Lnnqvist K., Stout Whiting M., Trm M., Nunez M., Okkonen J.
Documenting, Identifying and Protecting a Late-Roman Byzantine Fort At-Tabus on
the Euphrates // Abstract. CIPA International Symposium, 26 September 01 October
2005, Torino, Italy // http://cipa.icomos.org/fileadmin/template/doc/TURIN/427.pdf.
Malak S. Building G in Naqlun: material, construction, furnishing // Polish
Archaeology in Meditettanean. 2005. Vol. XVII.
Mills P. The Architectural Ceramics (ceramic building materials) at Sagalossos
http://www.sagalassos.be/node/2249.
Schilbach E. Byzantinische Metrologie. Mnchen, 1970.
Szymaska H., Babraj K. Marea. Second interim report, 2001 // Polish Archaeology
in Meditettanean. 2001. Vol. XIII.
Underwood P.A. Some Principles of Measure in the Architecture of the Period of
Justinian // Cahiers Archologiques. 1948. III.
Vernadsky G. The Origins of Russia. Oxford. 1959.
BUILDING MATERIALS AND METROLOGY
OF KHAZAR-ALANS DON BASIN FORTS

G.E. Afanasev
Keywords: stone blocs, Bizantian plinfs, metropolis, Khazars, Alans, Sarkel, fortified
architecture, Petrona, Bizantia.
Investigation of Saltovo-Mayaki culture has raised the question of the origins of
architectural traditions embodied in the Khazar-Alans forts Don basin. Proposed four versions
of the genesis of these monuments: the Byzantine, Sassanian, Bulgarian and Prabulgarian.
The author does not agree with the view of those scholars who explain the appearance of the
brick architecture of the Khazars borrowing appropriate skills among people in the Caucasus.
He believes that the production of bricks to build fortifications was brought craftsmen from
Kherson and Asian Bosporus. Study stone blocks units of the walls Mayak fort led to the
conclusion that it was constructed by specialists who know the Byzantine metrology and
Byzantine architectural and building traditions. Metrological and chronological characteristics
of Khazar-Alan forts give reason to consider them in the context of the Byzantine sources
information on the construction fort Sarkel by the Byzantine specialists. It was in the interests
of Byzantium and the Khazars in connection with the general political situation prevailing
in the 30s 50s. IX . between the Khazar Khanate, Byzantium, Alan, Russ and the Arab
caliphate.

13

2012

2012 . ..
.. ,
. , (bdborisov@abv.bg)
: . , , , ,
.
, , -
. ,
. . , .
, 4 .
, . .
716755 .

, , , , , . ,

o . , , ,
,
V .

., . // . .
. , 1987.
. // . . 3. , 1995.
. . // . 1963. V, 2.
. ,
// . 1967. V.
. . , 1995.
. . , 1934.
. . . , 1981.
. . , // . 1976. (V).

14

2 2012

. . , // . 1977. (V).
.
. , 2002. (-. . . 6).
..
( ) // urika. In honorem Ludmilae Donchevae-Petkovae.
, 2009.
. . , 1977.
., . .
1981.
. . . , //
. 1961. V.
.
V . , 1965.
. .
. , // . 1966. V, 2.
. V .
. , 1976.
. // . 1961. V.
. . , // . V. ,
2009.
. . , 2002.
.. // .
1959. , 34.
.. . ,
// . 1967. (V).
.. . , // .
1969. V ().
.. 2 // . 1970. V
().
.. //
V . , 1973.
.. . , // , 1993. 10.
- .
( V .). , 1977.
. 1959 . // . ,
1961.
, 1. , 1989.
., . . . . , .
,1998.

15

2012

., . // , 1. , 2002.
., . . . ,
1968 . // . 1970. , 1.
., ., ., .
. . 1982.
., ., . 2002 . //
2002 . , 2003.
. //
. 1973. 6.
. // . 1986. .
. VV . . , 2000.
. . , 2001.
. V . , 2008.
., . . , ( ) //
. , 1989.
., . . ,
// 19921993 . . , 1994.
. . . , 2012.
. (V
.). . , 2006.
. //
. , 1989.
., . . , 1958.
., - .
. // . 1972. V, 1.
- .
// , 2. , 1991.
. . . . .
., .
// . 2010. LI, 34.
., . // . 2011. LII, 2.
. , . , 1992.
. . , // .
1998. .
. (
)// . V . . . 1. ., 2002.
.. // . 1905. .
Angelova S., Marvakov . zwaei Nekropolen aus Sdwestbulgarien. // Velk Morava mezi Vchodem Zpadem. Spisy Arch. stawu AV R, 17. Brno, 2001.

16

2 2012

Fiedler U. Studien zu Grberfeldern des 6. bis 9. Jahrhunderts an der unteren Donau.


Bonn, 1992.
Wendel M. Die Gemarkung Kaleto des Dorfes Rupkite bei irpan (Bulgarien) im
Mittelalter // Zeitschrift fr Arhologie. 1992. 26.
ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVIDENCES FOR PROTO-BULGARIAN
PRESENCE ON TERRITORY OF THE SOUTH BULGARIA

B.D. Borisov
Keywords: town Nova Zagora, Grave, Gledachevo, Zlatary, proto-bulgarian
eramics.
The subject of this research is the findings, which in science literature press their view
that they are got in touch with proto-Bulgarian presence on the south of the Balkan Range.
Elements of belts are analyzed from single grave, which are found in the vicinity of town
Nova Zagora and nearby villages Zlatary and Gledachevo. According to some researchers the
belts in Zlatari are associated with Avarian presence from the early 19th century. There is a
great interest in the collective grave in Gledachevo where were buried four young people and
are found elements of two belts. B. Totev and O. Pelevina analizy the findings of single graves
from South Bulgaria and they connect them with permanent presence of proto-Bulgarian
aristocrats after joining region Zagore to Bulgaria and they date from 716755. In the second
part of the article is analyzed the fields of ceramics made of grey clay with polished surface
which are concentrated in the area between Nova Zagora, Sliven, Karnobat, Pomorie, Debelt
and Haskovo. In conclusion, it is pointed out that the presence of grey polished ceramics with
decorations on the territory of South Bulgaria can be taken difficult as evidence for massive
presence of Proto-Bulgarians on the south of the Balkan Range. In general this applies to
single graves that are not only few but are uncertain as ethnic indicator for the presence of
proto-Bulgarian administration, much less proto-Bulgarian aristocracy during the first half
of 8th century.

17

2012

-

( )

2012 . ..
. . , . (ismail@inbox.ru)
: , ,
, , , , ,
.
- .

,
.

.. . ., 1986.
. ., 1970.
.. . ,
1982.
.. . ,
1985.
..
(
) // ( ). ., 1993.
.. .
., 1988.
.. : ( ). , 1989.
.. // .
., 1975.
.. //
. 1990. . 201.
.. : , ( ) // . 1993. 1.

18

2 2012

.. : , ( , II) // . 1995. 2.
.. . , 1974.
.. XVII . // .
. . . 55. ., 1960.
.. : ? // : . . , 2011.
.. VIIIX . // . , 1989.
.., .., ..
( ). ., 1975.
.. (
). , 2009.
..
,
// .
, 1988.
. (VI VII .) // Studia Slavica et Balcanica Petropolitana. 2008. 2 (4).
.. ( ) // . 1976. . 148.
.. //
- . ., 1970.
.., .. //
. 1977. . 148.
.. . ., 1978.
. ., 1972.
.. - // . 1986. 1.
.. ( ) // .
1993. 1.
..
// . 1995. 2.
.. XIX . // . ., 1968.
.. . . ., 1982.
.. - ( ). ., 1989.
: .
., 1999.
..
// . 1968. 1.
.., .. . // . 1990. . 201.

19

2012

.. : . , , . ., 1997.
.. // . ., 1970.
.. . ., 1998.
( ).
., 1993.
- . ., 1970.
.. ( ) // (
). ., 1993.
- . , 1990.
Binford L.R. Archaeology as Anthropology // American Antiquity. 1962. Vol. 28.
2.
Binford L.R. Mortuary practices: Their study and their potential // Memoris of the
Society for American Archaeology. 1971. 25.
Chkhaidze V.N., Druzhinina I.A. The military organization of nomads of steppe Ciscaucasia in XII-XIV centuries // Medieval Nomads/ Fourth International Conference on
the Medieval History of the Eurasian Steppe. Szeged, 2011.
Hodder I. Symbols in action. Ethnoarchaeological studies of material culture. Cambridge, 1982.
Kroeber A.L. Disposal of the Dead // American Antropology. 1927. 29.
Larick R. Spears, style, and time among Maa-speaking pastoralists // Journal of Anthropological Archaeology. 1985. Vol. 4. 1.
Larick R. Warriors and blacksmiths: mediating ethnicity in East African spears //
Journal of Anthropological Archaeology. 1991. Vol. 10.
MORTUARY AND FUNERAL CEREMONIALISM AND A AMOURS
COMPLEX OF THE ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL POPULATION
(TO PROBLEM STATEMENT)

I.L. Izmailov
Keywords: mortuary and funeral ceremony, funeral stock, socioarcheology, an
ascension method, ethnoarcheology, reconstruction and sociocultural interpretation
of an archaeological material, the weapon, amours complex.
Article is devoted one of the major aspects of archeology reconstruction of social relations by burials and mortuary ceremonialism. The basic attention is given theoretical problems of a parity of a living reality and its reflexion in funeral monuments and especially
to amours, as to a key material for definition of the social status and restoration of a amours
complex of ancient and medieval societies.

20

2 2012

2012 . ..

, . (adanich@yandex.ru)
: , , , , .

. VIIIXV . , ,
.

, .
.

.. . //
( ). , 1986.
. 130142.
.. . , 2000. 200 .
.. . , 2003. 199 .
.. //
. 1964. . 6. . 94151.
.. . , 1985.
280 .
.., .., .. I //
. , 1980. . 366.
.., ..
// . . 1. , 2000. . 117179.
.. (VIIXIV .) // . , 1987.
.. X
XIII . -, 1997. 214 .
.. . IXXIII . .; .,
1966.
.. XIIIXV . ., 1976. 136 .
.. - VIII
XIV . ( ). ., 2008. 176 .
.. // . 1955. . XXIII.

21

2012

1895 . ., 1897.
.. // . . . . IX, .
3. . . , 1953.
.. // .
1956. . 65. . 107118.
.. // 1975 . ., 1976. . 191.
. . I. , 1996. 300 .
.. // . 1973. . I-19.
.. // . , 1981.
.. //
. , 1985.
.. .
. : , 1987. 192 .
.. . .,
1902.
.. //
. 1952. 27. 226 .
.. XXIV . // . 1951. 22. . 33
96.
- .. . ., 1966.
.. . , 1980.
.. . , 1986. 268 .
.. // .
XXIII . ., 1985. . 171184.
.. I .
.. , 1987.
i i i. i, 1996. 11.
BLADE WEAPONS OF THE PERMIAN URAL

A.V. Danich
Keywords: sward, sable, guard, cord, the Permian Urals.
This article addresses the scantily explored topic the archaeological finds of the Permian
blade weapons in the area where Eastern European Plain and Ural Mountains meet. For
the first time this work generalizes significant archaeological and museums material dated
back to the VIIIXV centuries, including the recent finds not yet interpreted by scholars.
Comprehensive analyses of the materials enabled the author to present detailed typological
and chronological characteristics of the certain types and categories of blade weapons and
made it possible to trace back the weapons evolution. Article additionally analyses the role of
sabre (cavalry sword) in local burial rituals.

22

2 2012




. ( )

2012 . .. , .. *,
.. , .. *
. . , .
* (), .
: , , , ,
, , ,
, , -.
2012 .,
. .
, , , , .
,
. . ,

.
, ,
.

. . , 1986.
.. .
.; , 2001.
2011 . , 2012.
/
. .. , .. . ., 1991.
.., .., .., .. (
) // ,
: . -

23

2012

: . .. . , 2008.
, , . . 4. //
. .. , .. . , 2004.
.. IV 1961 . // . 1961. 2394.
.. , IXXIV .: . , 2007.
.. .. 19451952 . , 1954.
.
- 02/23 01.07.2003 .
//
().
.
- -11 06.06.2005 . //
().
.
- -6 18 2006 . //
().
.., ..
. , 1981.
.. -
. , 1877.
COMPLEX RESEARCH OF DESTROYED ARCHAEOLOGICAL
MONUMENTS ON A DISTRICT OF THE COASTLINE OF
THE KUYBYSHEV RESERVOIR NEAR IZMRY VILLAGE
(THE SPASSKY REGION OF THE REPUBLIC OF TATARSTAN)

I.I. Gaynullin, O.P. Ermolayev, A.G. Sitdikov, B.M. Usmanov


Keywords: the geomorphology, dangerous exogenous processes, Kuibyshev reservoir, the geoinformation systems, collapsing monuments of archeology, the ancient
settlement Devichiy gorodok, data of remote sensing, historical cards, tacheometric
shooting, GNSS-technologies.
The paper presents the results of studies, performed in 2012 on the shore near Izmry
village, Spassky District, Tatarstan. Through an integrated approach archaeological sites, destroyed by negative exogenous processes studied. Landscape and archaeological research
methods, field and remote sensing data of past years and GIS technologies used during investigations. As a result, the most complete data collected about the situation at the site near
Izmry village since Kuibyshev reservoir creation. The intensity of waterside destruction
evaluated and, consequently, archaeological sites located here in various stages of reservoir
formation. Observation sites for the annual monitoring studies using high-precision tools
organized. This will allow us to predict exogenous processes evolution, to identify priority
areas for more detailed study and archaeological rescue work.

24

2 2012

2012 . ..

, . (E-mail: murziha@mail.ru)
: , , , , , , .
. I XII .
,
. .
. , , , , ,
.

..
2003 . (, ) // , 135- , 110-
.. . , 2004.
.. ( -) //
. . 2. , 2004.
.., .., .., .., ..
. : , 2009.
.. XIV . :
, 1993.
.., .. Felis Catus Canis familiaris

// : . ., 2011.
.. XVIII (2007 .) // IXXVI :
. ., 2010.
.. - :
. , 2008 ().

25

2012

.. -
( ) // . 1997. 1.
.., ..
XIXIV . ( ) // -. I . . . -.
-, 1995.
.. // 1997 . .,
1999.
.. // 1998 . ., 2000.
.. //
. . .
.-. . , 2000.
.. // 1999 . ., 2001.
.. () // :
2000 . , 2001.
.. , // : 2001 . , 2002.
.. (
()
) // : . . .-. . . , 2002. II.
.. // . ,
2002.
.. . (19911999 .) . . : , 2002.
..
( XI . ) // V. . ., . 1140 . . , 2003.
.. VIIIXV . .
. : , 2003.
.. () // :
2002 . , 2004.
..
// -. . ; , 2004.
.. XIXII . // . III
. , 2006.
.. XIXII .
//
. . . . 160. .,
2006.

26

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.. - (XIXII .) //
. ; , 2007.
..
// :
- : . .
., . 35- - . .
, 2008.
.. XIXII . ( ) // . . .. . , 2008.
.. ( ) //
: . . . ., . 75-
.. . , 2009.
.. XII .
// IXXVI : . ., 2010.
.. - (XIXII .) // . . 4. , 2011.
.. XIV
// - . . .
. V . . . 11.
, 2011.
.. // . ,
2011.
.. XIXII . // .
III . . . , 2011.
.. I // .
. .-. . , 2000.
.. //
: (
). . . , 2005.
.. // . , 2008.
..
.
1969 . // , 1969. -1, 3919.
.. // . 1974. 1.
.. . . .: , 1984.
.., .. // -. , 1976.

27

2012

SOME RESULTS OF RESEARCHES OF THE OSTOLOPOVO SETTLEMENT


IN AREA ALEKSEEVSKOE OF THE REPUBLIC OF TATARSTAN

K.A. Rudenko
Keywords: the Republic of Tatarstan, archeology, settlement, Volga Bulgaria, bulgars,
the Middle Ages, reconstruction on a skull.
Article is devoted to studying Ostolopovo settlement in area Alekseevskoe of the Republic
of Tatarstan. It is dated XI first half XII centuries. On settlement expensive import products,
subjects from precious metals and details from the weapon and an armour are found. The
population lived in wooden houses with furnaces of an identical design. The collection of
ceramics, iron-wares, nonferrous metals, a tree, found on settlement, represents the big
interest for studying antiquities of the early period of the Volga Bulgarian state.

28

2 2012



IXXII . - *

2012 . .. , ..
, . -
: - , , , , , , , , .
- IXXII .
25 , . .
. , , , , , .
* 11-11120001/ , .

.., .., .. ( ) // . , . XXVII. .


, 1964. . 185205.
.. XIIXIII . ( ).
-, 1986.
.. . . , 2005.
.. . -, 1954.
.. .
, 1927.
.., .., .. - . . -: . . -, 1991. 512 .
- . . , 1960.
.. . -,
1996.

29

2012

.. -. (
-) // . 1984. 4. . 7589.
.. - // . . 1988.
.. // - . . ., 1987.
.. . // . ., 1914. . XXIV.
..
1988 // . -1.
3681.
.., .. VIIXI . -, 1990.
.. . . . ... // . . 1. 362.
.. , , // . , 2005. 1 (-). . 6274.
.. //
.., .., ..
. ( , . II). , 1959.
.., .. : .
-, 2004.
.. . -, 1967.
.. . (
). ., 1980.
.. . .
., 1879.
.. . . .: ,
2002.
.. . - . .,
1996.
.. // XXI . , . ., 1963.
. -: ,
1984.
.. I II . ;
., 2001.
VIIIXI .
.. . , 1952.
- VIIIXI . (
.. 19271928 ). , 1969.
.., .. ()
IXXI . // . III (XIX) . . .
. .; .; , 2011. . 7779
.., ..
IXXII . // . 2011. 2. . 1224.

30

2 2012

.., .. (-) // .
IV . . ., . 50- . . . -, 2007.
.., .. .
, 2005.
. 1947 . // .
-1. 135.
, 1947 //
. . 1. 134.
, .. 1945 // . -1. 40.
.. // : . .
. XLII. ., 1988. . 7285.
.. //
. , 1987.
.., .. . ,
2008.
.., .., .. . , 2010.
.. // 80- . .
. 22. -, 1993.
.. . . , 1930.
..
// - .
. ., 1990.
.. . : , 2011.
.., .. // . . . 23. -, 1994.
. 4166.
.. // . 2004. 1. . 102111.
.. ( 1966) // . .
. XXXIV. . , 1963. . 247262.
..
1985 . // . -1. 11103.
..
1986 . // . -1. 11381.
..
1987 . // . -1. 12118.

31

2012

..
// . . . XLVII. ., 1999. . 149190.
. . , 1887.
.. // . 1893.
10.
THE FUNERAL RITE OF COMPLEXES WITH MOULDED TOOLS
FROM MEDIEVAL SEPULCHERS OF IXXII CENTURIES
OF THE VETLUGA-VYATKA INTERFLUVE

T.B. Nikitina, D.Yu. Efremova


Keywords: the Vetluga-Vyatka interfluve, the Middle Volga, Mari, Mordva, Muroma,
metalwork, obsequial rites, cult practice, dating.
The article is devoted to the rite of funeral of women with mouldings from the graves
of the Vetluga-Vyatka interfluve of the IX early XII centuries. The research is based on
25 graves from the Mari monuments, the similar graves from the sepulchers of Mordva and
Muroma are used for the comparative analysis. The graves of women with castings are considered against the background of the Mari funeral rite in the Middle Ages. Certain peculiarities are explained with the help of ethnographic and folklore data. The comprehensive
approach to the analysis of the funeral rite allowed us to make a conclusion that the women
buried with mouldings not only were moulders, but they also carried out certain rites connected with the protection of family and kindred.

32

2 2012

1508

2012 . ..
, .
: , , , , , , , .
, 1508 . .
2000 , , (?).
. XVI . ,
, .
,
. , , .. , ,
, III. , , , -,
- .

.. XVII . // .
IXXVII . ., 2007.
.. // . IXXVII . ., 2007.
.. // . IXXVII
. ., 2007.
.. . ., 2010.
1583 . ., 1930.
.. XVI . ., 1911.
. , 2002.
.. XVI . , 1957.
. . IV, . 1. . 2000.
. . VI. . 1853.
. . VI, . 2. . 2001.
. . XIII. ,
(). 1862.
. . XVI. . 2000.
. . XXV. XV . 2004.

33

2012

. . XXXIV. , , . 1978.
. . XLIII. .. . 2004.
.. . ., 1995.
A FIRE OF THE TRADE SIDE OF NOVGOROD IN 1508

G.E. Dubrovin
Keywords: Novgorod the Great, the Trade side, Carpenters end, fire, pestilence,
the deceased, gardens, chronicles.
The article provides the analysis of the chronicle messages about the fire that had happened in august 1508 and destroyed almost all the Trade side of Novgorod the Great. In the fire
killed at least 2000 people, which together with the victims of the previous plague, reduced
the population of the city more than half(?). According to the early XVI century literature
monument The vision of Tharasy, the Sexton of Hutynsky monastery, all these disasters
were due to multiplication of the sins of the human, but by the prayer of st.Varlaam Hutynsky Novgorod has been spared from the flood, which had to completely destroy this town. In
the chronicle reports contain interesting information about the topography of the Trade side,
in particular, mentioned so-called the Arzubievs gardens on Nikitina street, the owners of
which, a well-known figures of the last stage of the independent history of Novgorod, were
repressed by Ivan III. The comparison of the information of the earlier and later the chronicle
texts shows that the latter contains original information about this fire, which came to them,
apparently, of any independent sources.

34

2 2012

67
( )

2012 . .. , ..
-
, . (zai_ein@mail.ru)
: , , , , , .
67
. , , ,
, .
.
, ,
. 67
.

.., .. // . . 8. ; ., 2002.
.., .., .. //
. 2003. . 3.
.., .. IIIIV . // :
( ). .
, 1988.
.., .. // . ,
1994.
. ., .. //
. - - . . 1. , 1995.
.. // , . , 1987.
.., .. . // B. . 2. ., 1990.

35

2012

.., ..
// . , 2001.
.., .., ..
// . , 1983.
.., .., ..
. ; ., 2011.
.. -
// . 1998. 34.
.. . ,
2005.
.., .., .. // . 2000. 34.
.. . ., 1971.
.. // . , 1991.
.. . // .
(19861996 .). ; , 1996.
.. : ( 19871988 .) // . 2004. . 4.
.. () // . . .. .
., 2008.
.. // . . . . 1.
., 2008.
.. 10
( ) // : . , . , 2011.
.. IIIV . . . . . . , 2012.
.., .. 84
( ) // . . IV. , 2013 ( ).
.., .., .. 15
( ) // . 2005. . 5.
.., .., .., ..
( 1987 ) // -. , 1990.
.., .. // . . . .,
. 70- .. . , 2011.

36

2 2012

.. // . , 1998.
.. . ( ) // -. ,
1985.
.. . . 2. , 2009.
.., ..
// - . , 1984.
..
(IIIVIII .). - ). .
. . . . ., 1987.
.., .. // .
II. , 2008.
.., ..
// . .
1. ., 2010.
BURIAL 67 OF KELIYSKIY BURIAL
(MOUNTAINOUS INGUSHETIA)

V.E. Narozhnyi, E.I. Narozhnyi


Keywords: North Caucasus, mountaineers, nomads, the Golden Horde, weapons,
military affairs.
The following publication brings in into scientific use the martial burial 67 from excavations of Keliyskiy burial ground in mountain Ingushetia. Grave goods, found in the burial,
are quite traditional including a knife, arrowheads, belt buckles, dating from the era of the
Golden Horde. The one singled out is the iron helmet with a visor. Such helmets are similar
not only to those found in funerary monuments of Ingushetia, but to the ones discovered in
the burials of the Golden Horde nomads. This fact provides a basis for comparing it with the
range of martial utterly of Mongolian origin. Burial 67 once more gives rise to the affirmation of the dominant the impact of military affairs in the Golden Horde on the military affairs
of the North Caucasus mountaineers.

37

2012


( 2008 .)

2012 . .. , .. , ..
. . , .
(zufar_alchi@mail.ru; VRR80@yandex.ru; sitdikov_a@mail.ru)
: , , , , ,
.
2008 ,
, XVI XX .
, .

.. XVIXVII . : , 1989. 216 .


. . , 1985. 116 .
.. // . 1962. 3.
.. ( 1994
2005 .) // . ., 2009. 1. . 112124.
.. I , . 2005 . ,
2006 / , . 4.
XIVXVIII . -. / -. .. . , 2002 42 .
.., .. .
-: . . -, 2004. 272 .
..
XVXVII // . 2006. . 3. . 261313.
..
XVIXVII . // . 2005. 3. . 1218.
.. (,
) // . 1959. 65. (. . . . . II).
.. XIIIXV . (
19931997 .). .: , 2004. 312 .
.. . , VIII
XIV . ., 1966. 128 .

38

2 2012

( ), . 324, . 739, . 281;


. 324, . 739, . 282; . 324, . 739, . 284.
.. XIIXVIII . ., 2006. 202 .
.., ..
// . .
. 20. , 2006. . 105114.
. . . . / -
, ., 1979, 868, . II, II.II, . 3.
. XVIXVIII .
. . . 1979 . /
- , ., 1980, 1350.
. . , . . . 1980 . / -
, ., 1980, 1773, . II, . 3.
. . , . XVI
XVIII . . 1980 . /
, ., 1981, 1772, . II, . 3, . 2.
. . , .
XVII . 1981 . / -
, ., 1982, 2250, . II, . 3, . II.
: XVI . / . .. . ,
2011. 368 .
.. : - .
, 2006. 288 .
.. XVII .
, 1919. . I, . 2. 357.
. (1565
1567 .). : . . -, 1909. 143 .
1825
. .: . , 1830. 95 .
.., ..
// . . II. : .
, 2010. . 37 39.
.. // . , 1971. . 272292.
.. //
2006 . ., 2009. . 499.
.., .. // . 2009. 2.
. 103111.

39

2012

.. // . . II. : . , 2010. . 23
36.
ABOUT BUILDING OF THE SUBURBIAN PART OF SVIYAZHSK
(ON MATERIALS OF EXCAVATIONS OF 2008)

Z.G. Shakirov, R.R. Valiev, A.G. Sitdikov


Keywords: the middle ages and new time, Sviyazhsk, suburb, the wet layer,
residential and household buildings.
The article is devoted to the results of archeological researches of 2008, which allowed
to obtain and clarify the important information about the nature of the cultural layer of the
eroded riverbank area topography in the second half of XVI the beginning of XX centuries.
There have been identified and described the constructive features of wooden buildings
studied during the excavation.

40

2 2012


2003 .*

2012 . ..
. . ,
. (Chijevski@mail.ru)
. 70 000 . . 1,5 5 - .
(. 1).
* , 12-11-63005
.

.. // . . , 1926. .
35. . 1.
.. , , , I . ..
- . Saarbrucken: Lap Lambert Academic Publishing, 2011.
.. // . . XV: 40
. , 2010.
.. : -
I . .. ., 2011.
.., .. : , // .
. 8. - ( 150-
). , 2009.
.., ..
// . 1976. 2.
.. : (
). . . 4.
, 2007.
.. // . . 3. . , 1975.

41

2012

.. . , 1980.
.. // I .. (
). , 1998.
..
( ) // . . . 2000.
.. //
. , 2003.
..
2003 // . , 2003.
..
// . . . 29. . , 1970.
.. : // . . 4. , 1995.
.. . .: - , 1961.
..
// . 2005. 2.
.. . ,
1900.
.. 1981
// . , 1985.
..
//
.
. , 2000.
.. : .
. . . , 2010.
.., .. // . 1965. -1-14.
..
// .
. 2010. . 12. 6.
.. - : . ., 2009.

42

2 2012

2012 . ..
- . .. ,
. (archeo@list.ru)

XIXII . .
. .. (, 1985,
. 84103) .. (, 1996, . 154268).

.. //
. .: , 1985.
.. //
. , 1986.
.. XXV . .: , 1991.
.. (XXV .). .: ,
1981.
.. // . .
. .: , 1997.
.. // .
, , . , 1996.
., .. - //
. , 1986.

43

2012

2012 . ..
. . ,
. (airg_g@mail.ru)
- . . . ,

( , 1986, . 5).

( ). , 1986.
(). ., 2009.
.., .. () // . , 1992.
..
// 1978 . ., 1979.
.., .. 19451952 . : , 1954.
. .
// . , 1892. . X, . 2.
.. -
. , 1877.

44

2 2012

III

2012 . ..
30 2011 , . , , , ,
, , -, , .
II

2012 . .. , .. , ..
58 2012 . II
. II : : III
.

: , ,
,

2012 . .. , ..
, -
, , ,
1618 2012 . . . , , -
-.
, , , -, , , , , ,
, , , . 32 . , .
45

2012


. .
.
. .
.
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46

().
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47

2012




- (, , , .). : , ,
, , . (, ..).

.
.
, , .
E-mail : arch.pov@mail.ru.
, ( : 420012,
. , . , . 30, ).
.
, .

. ( , , -) 1 .. (16 . 1
40 . ) 8-10 .
15 . . , ,
10 . ;
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. MS Word (doc,
docx rtf) ( Times New Roman, 14).
, , . ,
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*.tif *.jpg 300 dpi ( ).
. .
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( 0,3 .) ( 10).

.
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48

,
).
, , , , , . .
. :

2012 . ..
, . (E-mail)
: .

.

(1,2,3...).
:
( ) ( ), ; ,
.. : (, 1964, . 2325, . 5: 1; 6: 3; . XII, 16; , 2007, . 93, 590).

: ,
. .
, , ,
. ( , , , , , ). .
, .
, , .
:

.. // . 2000. 3.
.. . ., 1954.
..
// .
1978. . 154.
. , 2007.
.. . .: , 1964.
.. XIII . //
. 1962. 111. (. . . . . IV).
.. . 1977 . //
. 1977. -1. 6695.
.. - ( ): . . . . , 2012.
Chalikova E.A., Chalikov A.H. Altungarn an der Kama und im Ural: Das Grberfeld
von Bolschie Tigani. Budapest, 1981.

49

2012

,
.
:
THE MESOLITHIC ENEOLITHIC FLINT ASSEMBLAGES
FROM THE NORTH PART OF IK BELAYA INTERFLUENT AREA
M.Sh. Galimova
Keywords: Mesolithic, Neolithic, Eneolithic, flint, blade industries, burial
assemblages, Volga-Kama region.
The article deals with a problem of chronological division of basic multilayer
settlements of stone eneolithic age situated near the mouth of Belaya river (left tributary
of Kama), on the bank of Azibey lake etc.
:



, , .
.

50