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AutoCAD 2004.

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Illustrator CS
Office Access 2003
Office Word 2003
Photoshop CS
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WWW.PITER.COM

: (812) 103-73-74
: postbook@piter.com
: www.piter.com
: 197198, -, / 619
.

8-

-
--

2005

32.973.26
004.382.7(075.4)
36

36

. .
. 8- . .: , 2005.
655 .: .
ISBN 5-94723-792-
. , .
: Norton Commander, MS-DOS,
, , .
MS Windows ( 95/98/Millennium, NT/2000/XP)
,
Windows, - Microsoft Word Excel.
.
Microsoft Internet Explorer, Outlook
Express Internet Mail, Windows Messenger.

.

32.973.26
004.382.7(075.4)

.
.
, , , . , ,
, .

ISBN 5-94723-792-

. . , 2005

16

1.

17

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2. Norton Commander -

40

3.

83

4. MS-DOS

92

5.
6. Windows

113
134

7. Windows

274

8. Windows

294

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312

10.

332

11.

348

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377

14. Excel

476

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513

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19
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84
85
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87
88
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89
90

4. MS-DOS

92

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92
92
99
102
103
104
106
108
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5.

113





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113
114
116
118
121
123
124
125
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134


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Windows 98
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136
137
141
141
146
151
156
158
162
164
164
166
167
171
172
173
173
174
175
177
178
180
181
183
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188
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194
195
196
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199
202
203
206
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212
216
222
222
224
227
228
230
234
235
237
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240
240
241
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253
254
256
260
260
261
264
265
267
268
271
271
272
273
273
274

275
280

10


NT


NT

:
,

8. Windows

282
284
284
286
288
294


,
Windows
(Media Player)

Windows Media
-
(Sound Recorder)

294
297
297
.298
300
304
306
308

9.

312

Paint
Paint'e


?

313
314
316
317
319
321
322
322
324
327
329

10.

332

-...
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(Calculator)




332
336
338
339
340
344
345
345

11.

348

..

349
352





WinZip


Norton Commander.....
Zip- Windows Me
NTFS

11

353
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
359

12.

362

Web
DrWeb DOS
DrWeb Windows
SplDer Guard




365
365
368
369
371
371
372
373
374

13. Microsoft Word

377

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Word



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377
381
382
384
385
386
388
390
392
393
393
395
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414
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441
442
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452
453
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476

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477
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495
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500
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524
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15


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613
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615
618

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RTFM!

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35

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42

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44

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46

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48

2. Norton Commander -

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49


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51

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52

2. Norton Commander -

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114

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54

2. Norton Commander -

1. ( , , ),
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55

, , , : DOGOVOR TEXT. , , , TEXT. ^ -


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, . ., ,
dogovor.doc, dogovorl .doc.

56

2. Norton Commander -

, dogovor.doc ,
. - , .
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57

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58

2. Norton Commander -

: ,
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60

2. Norton Commander -

Include sub directories ( ), ).


, DOGOVOR "
TEXT, , , , dog01 .doc, dog02.doc . ., ,
, dogovor.doc, dogbank.doc, dog-big.doc . , , *.* : dog???.doc. ? ,
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61

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125 460 bytes in 132 selected Files

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. 2.15.

' , , - .

62

2. Norton Commander -

[ Cancel ], ,
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Do you wish to write overthe old file?
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,
. , , .

63

VC .
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91

FlO-Tree

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. 2.17. 5.0 -

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. 001,
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archive.exe -) Merge. ...

2. Norton Commander -

64

Merge 3 files to
[archive

[x] Delete Split segments after merge

FlO-tree

Cancel

. 2.18. : 5.0 -

: ... ,
- , - ,
., -?
. , Info
The Norton Commander, Version 4.0
(Alt-F1 AK-F2),
10 Hay 1993
(Tab) Ctrl-L.
655 344 Bytes Memory
Info (. 2.19).
592 560 Bytes Free
362 496 total bytes on drive fl:
,
120 832 bytes free on drive :
NC . ,
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65

(. Disk ), - - -
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66

2. Norton Commander -

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67

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68

2. Norton Commander -
Edit
Vou4/e made changes since the last save.
B3BBHI Don't save
Continue editing
. 2.23. ,

, (Don't Save) (Continue Editing).


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(. . 2.23). Esc, .
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69

C:\WIN\WINDOC
dogl4sen.doc

Find File
32

24/10/94

18:59

32

24/10/94
24/10/94

18:59
18:59

:\TEXT\DOGOVOR
dogl2-01.doc

3 files found.
doci?????.doc

Containing:


New search

Change drive

View

Quit FF

. 2.24. Norton Commander 4.0: DOG?????.DOC,



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70

2. Norton Commander -

, , - ! - , , , .

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71

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72

2. Norton Commander -

: ,
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Windows .
,
- ( , Name)^
(Extension), (Time), (Size),
(Unsorted) ,
.
(Extension),
: , .
, . , NC, , .
, NC,
, ? (, NC 5.0: ncmain.exe, ncedit.exe, nc.msg, ncedit.msg). ,
F9 ( ),
- Left Right, Enter - (
, ). Name () Enter,
, , . .
4 5 CtrI-F3 ( ), CtrI-F4 ( ), Ctrl-F5 ( ), Ctrl-F6 ( ), Ctrl-F7 ().
.
, .
(Re-read) , .
Ctrl-R (Drive).
,
,
. ,
, , , . .
, , .
.

Files
- Files () -
(Copy, Move, Edit, View). - .
, File Attributes ( ). , , ( set), - -

NC

73

(read only - ). (hidden), NC . ,


clear ().
? , , , read-only ( CD
, ).
NC
, . ,
- .
attrib (. MS-DOS).

Commands
- Commands () 2.27.
( ,
), Help'e , , ,
NCD tree
fllt-F10
.
History () (
fllt-F7
Find file
AH-F8)
History
BH-F8
EGfl lines
RH-F9
, System information
' 16 ,
Swap panels
Ctrl-U
, Ctrl-0
Panels on/off
.

Compare directories
Enter,
, F4 (4 Edit), - Terminal Emulation
.
Menu file edit
EGA Lines (Alt-F9)
Extension file edit
.
. 2.27. , Commands
.
?
FAR Manager Windows, , FAR
. ,
, , , , ,
. Alt-F9...
System Information, , - , . .
- Compare Directories
( ). . ,
, - ,

74

2. Norton Commander -

- , (, !).
.
Compare Directories . ,
, - , . , .
( NC ). , (F5), ,
.
. , (
, , ). , , - 1981 .
!
(. Date Time
, DOS).
<* .
. . FAR
Manager'e Advanced Compare (
). , ,
.
- , . Compare Directories,
Mum * -
- (F8).
5- . Synchronize
directories ( ) ( Ctrl-F8),
. , ( ), .
. -
, Ins.
Compare Directories - . .
F9 ( ), ( Commands) ( Compare Directories). : F9 > > .
. , (). Commands , - .
Files - F, , F9 > F. ,

NC

75

, , . , .
,
, ,
.
Commands , , , ...
...


Menu File Edit ( ) - nc.mnu. , . , , F2 (2 User).
, . F2
Save ( ), F6 - Insert ( ), F4 - Edit, F3, F5, F7, F9 .
, F6 ( F4, ).
1 Ncedit,
NC, ,
- . (F2) (F6.) (. . 2.28).

Hot key:
Label:
[
Commands:
:\nc\ncedit :\too1s\phones.doc

. 2.28. Norton Commander 4.0

Hot Key ( ) , Label - , , Commands - .

2. Norton Commander -

76

? , !
ncedit, -
, .
:
c:\nc\ncedit.exe c:\tools\phones.doc
, F2 .
, F2, , , 1,
. 1 - , (hot key).
( , , ),
.
, :

c:\nc\ncedit.exe !.!
Norton , .
, :
c:\nc\ncedit.exe l.txt
, txt.

. Configuration. .
Editor...
Confirmation. . .
Compression, . .
I
f
J
J

fluto menus
Path prompt
Key bar
Full screen
Mini status
Clock

Ctrl-B

Save setup

Shift-F9

. 2.29. NC

-
,
, , - . -,
, ?
,
, , ...
2.29
Options NC 4.0. (
- ) ' .
.

5- Options , , . Commands, Configurations. ,


, - . - 5- Panel Options,
4- NC ( ).
NC 5.0, , , .

77

Configuration () :
: (Color), - (Black & White)
(Laptop). ,
- - ,
-.
(Screen Blank).
( ), , . ,
( !). , , . ,
, .
Screen Blank , , ,
. Screen
Savers ( , () ) - , , ,
, . ., . .
(File Panel Options).
, ( ,
, ) - Show hidden Files, Ins (Insert)
, : Ins moves down. .
? F9, Menu bar always
visible ( ). , , ,
, Left handed mouse (
). , . - .
OptiEdit
Select which editor to use for F4:
ons Editor (() Built-in
). , ( ) External
c:\dos\edit.com !
2 30
F4 - -' Ptions-
,_ ... . .

(Built-in)
, (External). 2.30 , (
), - Edit (
, Word; ), Alt-F4. ()
, : F4 Edit, a no Alt-F4 - .
'
Confirmation , - (), (Move)* (Delete), (Delete sub
directories) - ( :

78

2. Norton Commander -

18 ???). , , ...
FAR - Windows, - Exit.
: Save Setup
Options ( ) Shift-F9.
.
,
(, ), .

DISK

Disk, ( 3 4),
: (Copy Diskette)
(Format Diskette), (Disk Cleanup), Label
Disk ( ) . . ,
. 1, .
Format Diskette
, ( ).
Copy Diskette -
, , , . (Source) (Target) (, :) .
,
. (, Target).
.
Configure , ,
(Skip bad sectors)
(Verify during Copy) - .
Disk Cleanup ( )
, . ? ,
. . . ,
DOS Windows
1
,
. - , . .
( ).
.

79

Disk

( , ),
( bak), (), . ., . . . 240- 210 .
, 1.

1: Temporary files
2: Backup files
3: Misc. Deuelopment files
3 4: README Type files
5: Old AUTOEXEC files
3 6: Old CONFIG files
Current Path:
E:\

.-i-

[ 3
7:
[ 3
8:
[ 3
9:
[ 3 10:
[ 1 11:
1 3 12:

Define

Old W i n d o w s INI Files


Windows Std Mode Files
Product Installers
Compressed Files

Cancel

. 2.31. NC 5.0: Disk Cleanup :



.
Disk Shift-Fl (. . 2.31). , : (Temporary Files), (Backup Files), (Misc. Development
Files), (Old AUTOEXEC Files) DOS
(Old CONFIG Files) Windows (Old Windows I N I Files), Windows
(Windows Std Mode Files), ( - Product Installers),
(Compressed Files) ,
10 11 ( Define - ).
- , Start.
( Drive ) , .
(Send to Panel), , (Ins)
(F8). , read.me . Serup.exe
: (
) -.
, -, , . .
.
1

96-97-, 240 . Pentium 4.

80

2. Norton Commander -

NC
F10 (10 Quit) ! . NC,
.

DOS,
- ,
.
( , ), , ,
- . ,
, MS-DOS. :
format a: - ,
c:\nc\ncedit my.doc - NCEdit my.doc,
arj a a:\document.arj -
document.arj .

( ) ( ), . () , .
- , (/ - ),
, DOS . ,
, .
: pkzip -? - pkzip.
(, a:\arhive\document.arj),
(\ - ),
.
( ) ,
FORMAT Format, : : - .
Windows, ,
,
, :
:
arj32 a web "D:\Program Files\DrWeb\*.*" - Program Files\DrWeb D:.
- , . ( , , ),
Ctrl-E, . Ctrl-E ,
, .
i

81

Ctrl-X , .
( Ctrl-O),
- , -
.
, , , ? , . , - , . DOS , : Bad
command or File name ( ).
, : Formal a: \f:360,
. Ctrl-E,
: () . , , ,
, . . ?
.
1. , Ctrl-O,
. \, Del ( ) Backspace (
) /. (Ctrl-O)
.
2. Full
(, ) Brief.
, .
, ? . Brief, , ,
. , .
3. . - , :

Ctrl-! Ctrl-V ;
- Ctrl-Home Ctrl-End;
, Backspace Del,
, Ctrl-Backspace .
,
. Ctrl-Enter. ,
spisok.txt. Ctrl-Enter, spisok.txt , ,
.
, document.arj
(. )
- :
arj a c:\archive\document dog004.doc dog006.doc dog012.doc dog015.doc
dog021.doc dog061.doc dog131.doc dog1001.doc .

2. Norton Commander -

(arj a c:\archive\document),
document, (CtrlEnter), . . ,
( Left Right NC)
.
Ctrl-Enter ,
- . - .
Volkov Commander'e FAR'e .
Ctrl-[ Ctrl-] - , , , ,
- . , , , -,
.
FAR no Ctrl-F
.
Ctrl-I, ( Ins) !1
: Ctrl-Shift-Ins
, Shift-Ins .
?

127 , - DOS . , , . , ,
, Ctrl-I .

3.

,
? ,
!
.

- 90-
. ,
- CD-ROM ( , !). (, ,
, , ), , , -. ,
.
- .
100 ,
. .
, 3" - . ,
, .
CD-ROM . , ( ),
, .
, ,
.
- , () . ( , , ).
, (bad blocks).

3.

,
, . ,
. , . ,
, 90- ,
. - , .
. ...
: , .

FORMAT

. :

format a:
. : Insert Diskette for Drive a: and strike any
key, : . ( Reset , ,
(any key) . , ...)
, ,
Ctrl-Break ( Break - , Pause)
Ctrl-C 1 . . Format , , (Not ready), ,
- (Format another?). N (No), ,
.
, :
: . ? (Yes/No) (/)
( DOS' , , , MS-DOS 6.0 7.0).
Y ( N). , ,
.
2-3 Format
, , (Volume Label). ,
, , .
: ? (Y/N) N , Y
.
- ,
720 ( ).
1
DOS.
.

85

format : ( , , ),
- 720 .
- , .
Format, :
format a: /f:720
- .

NORTON COMMANDER'

Disk Format Diskette, , , -.

< > : "

Ex] Make System Disk

< > 180


< > 320
< > 360

*_

0> Safe
< > Quick
| < ) DOS

QjJEQIHH

Cancel

. .1.

3.1. , Format
Diskette. . Drive ,
(: :) ( , : ), Size - . 5"
3", .
Format Type (Safe), (Quick) (DOS) . , DOS,
, ,
( ).
Format, .


, , . , ,
, ...
- Format : Enter...
, , .
- , Format : completed?..

JJ6

3.

, : : ( Format).
- unformat :.
! DOS Windows : , DOS 6.0 7.0.
?
? . ,
. , ,
. , , ,
.
format d: (e:, f:
. .), FDisk.
FDisk.
, . , ,
, ...
, , .
, ,
-. , . DOS Windows : FAT,
FAT32 NTFS.
FAT (FAT 16) - ,
( - 2 '). , .
FAT32 - , (
2 - 2000 ), 4 . ,
, FAT 16.
Windows 95 ( , OSR2), Windows NT 4.0, 2.
NTFS - , Windows NT (NT 4.0, 2000, ).
2 , (
, , ,
). , : , .
NTFS, Windows 95, 98 Millennium
- 3.

. , DOS
500 .
2
Windows NT 4.0 ( ) FAT 32.
3
NTFS for DOS NTFS for Windows,
.

87

, , : Windows XP 2000 - NTFS, Windows 95 OSR2, Windows 98 Windows Me - FAT32, DOS Windows 95 - FAT.
, Format . /fs Windows 2000
. ,
:
format d: /fs:fat
FAT16. , ,
NTFS FAT32.


- - , .
. :
Format : /
Format ,
.
. DOS :
Track 0 bad - Disk unusable ( ,
). ...
- , (boot
sector), , .
, .
( , , , .
, : , , - . .)
( /1720).
.
( , ,
).
. , , , : .
, - , :
- ;
- ;
- (
);
- ( , , !)
, ,
, ,
, , .

88

3.

, , , - .
-, : ? , , ?
- ,
, , - ?

( ), ( , - ). Windows , .
?
- , :, .
, , .

DOS-

() :
Format, Sys, Norton Commander'oM ( ). Windows ,
.
Format , ,
, .
() s:
format a: /s
, ().
,
: lo.sys Msdos.sys, - Command.com. - ,
.
, , ? - ? , , ,
lo.sys Msdos.sys
, .
Sys , (
) . -. , DOS Windows 98
sys a:
.

89

Windows Me, NT Sys ,


. sys :,
, : , - , ,
- ! , ...
Format Diskette 5- . 3.1.
Options () Make System Disk
( ), . .

,
NC, , , ncmain.exe, nc.exe, nc.cfg, packer.set, ncedit.exe ( - )
( ) ncmain.exe, nc.msg, ncedit.exe ncedit.msg ( 5.0).
( , autoexec.bat, , , Norton Commander .)
, ,
- DOS Windows - sys.com, format.com unformat.com, fdisk.exe, scandisk.exe, smartdrv.exe, , , . ( Windows, .
. , , , .)
, . .
- .
,
( ). ( DOS ,
).
-, , ,
vc.com 64 .
, FAR Manager
. Windows, DOS'e,
, .
"~
,
.
, Read Only

. 3.2.

90

3.

( ). , ,
, . ,
. ,
(. . 3.2). -
(: !).

, :
. - Reset ()
Ctrl-Alt-Del .
-, ? DOS Windows,
- , Windows -
( , ), :

:\>
, : () . 1 ,
. , , ? - .
, .
, . ?
, , NC.
, CD (Change Directory - ). :

cd nc
( :
A:\NC). NORTON,
cd norton
NC, .
: , DOS:
nortonNnc -r DOS'y, :
norton (
).
:
c:\norton\nc
:.
, ?
. :
dir

dir /
. Dir . -

'

91

( ). (pause) ,
, . , /
: ,
, , , ,
(any key). , , NC.
, . ,
, . , . , ,
, , . ?
: :.
:, , , - :.
:
:\>
- : .
, ( ), : , ;
, ; : , ( sys : : sys :); ,
( format :), , , , (unformat :) . .
. - , . ,
. ? ,
( CMOS) - (,
) ,
. , , .
Setup, CMOS-,
. ,
CMOS Setup.
" , - ,
, . -
, (
), , ,
.
CD-ROM.
. CD, CMOS Setup -.

4.
MS-DOS
- , ? -
.
- , ! - . , ...

MS-DOS WINDOWS
, . MS-DOS Windows.
, Windows .
Windows. (
!), -
. - .


DOS-

.
, .
Windows 95/98/, Windows NT/2000/XP
, , , , . , ( ,
) - .
, - ,

DOS-

93

Windows\Command'. , , , , ,
- xcopy.exe.
? , , , , Windows\
Command (, , Windows\System32), ,
,
. , .
, , - .
MS-DOS Windows XP.
: [].
. -. , Format, Copy Checkdisk,
, , .
Edit Scandisk, - , , 1' . . ,
, ...
DOS ( )
, /?, :

format /?
:

format /? >aaa
, .
( ) (
F3 Edit). , aaavtxt, bbb.doc, spravka.txt, .
.
:

:
:

:
. , CD-ROM , , , - , .

Cd - Change Directory ( ):
1

Windows XP - Windows/System32. (
, ?) - C:\DOS.

94

4. MS-DOS

cd\ - ;
cdYTEXT - TEXT;
cd TEXT - TEXT .
TEXT, .
, cd (\), ,
,
, ;
cd.. - . , , ?
[Bcfpl Dir - . :
dir- ;
dir >c:\aaaa - , , ;
dir a: - ;
dir \games / - games ( );
dir /a - ,
( all - );
dir / > , ,
.
|| Md (Make Directory):
md tools - ( 4) tools ;
md a:\games - games ;
md d:\games\tetris - tetris games D, games ! games, tetris .
|| Rename:
ren vopros.doc otvet.doc -
.
|BUp| :
c:\text\dogovor.doc :\ - dogovor.doc text
. , , , ;
c:\text\dogovor.doc a:\dog01 .txt - dogovor.doc : dog01.txt. , , ;
c:\textV.doc :\ - text
doc ;
dogovor.txt - . , -
.

DOS-

95

:
c:\text\V a:\document\V - document
text. , DOS
, -
;
c:\text\V a:\document\V /s - , , ( s - subdirectories);
c:\text\V a:\document\V /s /e - (, );
c:\text\V a:\document\*.* /v -
(v - verify, ).
|Bc?ji| , - Verify,
, . . :
verify on - ,
verify off - .
DiskCopy - () , ,
. ,
. :
diskcopy : : - :
. , - (source ) .
(target - ) ,
. , , ,
,
.
CD-ROM- MSCDEX. CD-.
. , config.sys -.
.
:
mscdex /d:cd01 - cdOl ( /d:).
, , , .
, ' Windows 95.
Windows 98 : CD-ROM. , config.sys . Windows 98 Me CD-ROM
, CD-.
|| Del Erase:
del *.* - ;

96

4. MS-DOS

erase *.* - . ? - . -, -, ... - , ;


- del Mmp - (tmp) ;
del c:\documentV.doc /- doc document. / , , , .
|| RmDir (Remove Directory), Rd:
rd text - text, . ,
/s:
rd text /s
/q ,
, :

rd text /s/q
Sys .
, , - :
sys : : - ;
sys : : - .
,
.
.
,
, .
, , , , Windows 98, - Windows 95!..
, Windows Me, 2000 Sys ,
:

sys :
() , , ?
ver
. , : MS-DOS
VERSION 6.2. : Microsoft Windows XP [ 5.1.2600].
[| Path () autoexec.bat
, OS ,
. ?
, , , , , Web, Tools.
drweb ( , , ) . ? ! , : Bad command or Filename ( ). drweb.exe .

DOS-

97

Tools drweb, .
, Path - c:\tools ( , ), , , ( ),
.
Path:
path c:\dos;c:\windows;c:\tools;c:\nc;d:\games;d:\text\doc
, , ,
, , , . , .
, ,
Path.
c:\tools, c:\dos,
, . tools, .
Windows Millennium, , ,
, - Path .
- Windows 2000 -
Path . , - Windows , .
, , ?
, . ,
, (
, ), ,
1. ,
.
, . : Path 127 . , , . , , . ?..
File Compare (FC)
, :
fc text04.txt a:\text04.txt - , , . (
- Ctrt-O).
, -
. FC , .
, FC .
:
' , ?

j)8

4. MS-DOS

fc a:\word.exe word.exe /b - . - .
, , - !
,
FC , :
fc dogov07.doc a:\dogov07.doc > - , , . F3
.
:
fc c:\document\V d:\doc\*.* >sss.doc -
, :, D: sss.doc. *.* , , *.txt, .
|1| Date
dd-mm-yy: - (day), - (month) - (year).
[] Time ::: (
, , ), .
- (, ), . , Windows .
| Label .
( 1 11 ). Ctrl-C, . ,
. Fdisk,
Windows 95, 98 Me, ,
- , ,
.
Fdisk , .
Edit - ,
(. . 4.1). :
, Edit'
. , 1'. :
edit

edit textOOl .txt - .

Fdisk

99


C:\AUTOEXEC.BAT

ECHO OFF
SET BLASTER=A220 15 Dl H5 T6
SET CTSYN=C:\WINDOWS
PAJH :\WINDOWS;:\WINDOWS\COMMAND;D:\WINDOWS;D:\WINDOWS\COMMAND;C:

rem c:\WlNDOWS\COMMAND\mscdex /d:cd01


rem mouse
:\TOOLS\KEYRUS\KEYRUS.COM
SET DIRCMD= /P /0:GNE

SET PATH=C:WINDOWS;:\WINDOWS\COMMAND;D:\WINDOWS;D:\WINDOWS\COMMAN
SET CLASSPATH=G:\VENTURA7\TRUEDOC;%CLASSPATH%
SET LD_LIBRARY_PATH=G:\VENTURA7\TRUEDOC\BIN;%LD_LIBRARY_PATH%

mode con codepage prepare=((866) C:\WlNDOWS\COMMAND\ega3.cpi)


mode con codepage select=866
rem keyb ru,,C:\WlNDOWS\COMMAND\keybrd3.sys
1=

:9

:28

. 4.1.

Edit'oM : .

: .

FDISK

-
- . ,
, - , , , .
.
.
, , , , , , . (, Windows') ,
, .
, , , , . - - ,
. - ?
(),
. - ,
, , , .

.
- , .
' Winnt ( Windows 2000 NT4).

100

4. MS-DOS

. (
1 ) . 4 32 ? , 1 4 32 ,
!1
, , .
, .
2.
, -
, - . ,
. , , , , . 60 - 9 .
! - . - !
.
Windows Fdisk.
" :
, !
- .
, .
, , -
, . .
Sys.com, Format.com, Fdisk.exe . ., , -
, . , , Fdisk.
1. , .
, fdisk.
2. , . (. . 4.2), 3 (Delete partition or logical DOS drive).
( 3 ). : ( 1), ! , .
.
Label . Ctrl-L (, , Volume Label). ?
:
1

, - FAT, FAT32 NTFS,


. , , . - , Partition Magic Power Quest.
, .
2
NTFS .

Fdisk

101

Microsoft Windows 95

()Copyright Microsoft Corp. 1983 - 1995
FDISK
: 1
:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

DOS DOS

DOS

: 11]
. 4.2. Fdisk
, (, ),
. , , .
- .
3. , (Create DOS partition or logical DOS
drive) ( 1). , - (Primary)
(Extended) - , .
.
4. , - - .
5. Fdisk - () (Set active partition), , . Windows 95/98/
, Z:, .
6. ,
(, : format : /s, - sys : sys : :).
.
. ,
Partition Magic ,
, . - !
, .
, , , .

102

4. MS-DOS



. : -?!
. .
1
3 5 ( CD-RW,
DVD, - , SCSI-) 1-3 3" ( , ).
( !) , .
, . , , (
; , ), - (
;
, ). 2 4 , .
, , ? () .
Master () Slave (). ,
Master. Slave Auto ( )'. , , , , .
, . .
: , ,
, . ,
, , ,
.

, ( ) - 2.
. .
CMOS Setup3 ,
.
, , Fdisk.
! S -
(Change Current Drive), (. . 4.3) - 2 (
). - 2!
1

Cable Select.
, .
- (. ).
3
CMOS Setup.
2

103


4095
100%
2047
2047

4110
D:
F:

100%

2055
2055

(1 = 1048576 )

(1-2)

[2]

. 4.3.

. , , , , , . ( ).
, ( - ). - ( ) !


Mem - , :
mem - . ,
(Total), (Used) (Free). ( ,
- 640 ) - (extended expanded).
mem / > - , ,
. .
| LoadHigh (In) - . ,
Enter ^ :
Ih nc - .
? ,
DOS
640 . , ,
( ?) '. ,
1

, 20 (!)
. , !

104

4. MS-DOS

, , . , , , ,

. .
, (himem.sys, qemm.sys . .).
|8| Device .
config.sys - :
device=c:\windows\himem.sys - , himem.sys,
device=c:\windows\emm386.exe - ,
.
, .
? , config.sys , autoexec.bat, Path,
, .
[] Devicehigh - , Device, .
Himem, .
RamDrive - RAM-, ( ). . , , , (,' ). , . config.sys :
device=c:\dos\ramdrive.sys 2000 /
2000 - (. . 2 ), / ,
Expanded memory ( ), /, - Extended
memory ( ).
, , .
,
Windows 98 Me. ,
. ,
-,
, RAM- .

MS-DOS

Attrib - , . , , read only


( ), . - ,
.

MS-DOS

105

system () hidden (). .


Attrib. :
attrib -r - read-only ;
attrib -r /s - , (- subdirectories). ,
-: , ,
';
attrib -r crack.exe - crack.exe. (, , ,
? , . , ...);
attrib +r money.doc - money.doc.
, , .
s h, ( ) . , ( ) , .
Smartdrive - , CD-ROM.
, ,
, , , , , OS
. ( ) ,
(cash). -
:
(), (2).
Smartdrive. :
smartdrv

Windows 98/ NT/2000/XP Smartdrive , , Windows 95 Smartdrive autoexec.bat.


Windows
: - Windows . ,
. -,
smartdrv.exe, .
Windows.
, Windows, Smartdrive. (
, DOS-,
- ),
autoexec.bat - , :, , ' FAR Manager -,
. .
.
2
! - ( ) .

106

4. MS-DOS

. ( ) smartdrv.

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, . , ( , ) -. ( -

107


.)
:
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%1. ?
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temp:
cd c:\games\temp
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, , games.bat .
.

108

4. MS-DOS

,
. , , .
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path c:\;c:\dos;c:\nc;d:\word5;e:\nu;d:\tools;c:\windows
c:\dos\mscdex.exe /d:cd01 /e
c:\windows\smartdrv.exe >nul
mode con codepage prepare=((866) c:\dos\ega.cpi)
chop 866

keyrus >nul

set temp=c:\windows\temp
d:
cd\russ
call rstart.bat >nul
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nc
,
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' DOS , Windows 95, 98 Me. Windows NT ( 4.0,


2000, ) .
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autoexec.bat

109

, DOS-, , . . - tools '.


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110

4. MS-DOS

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Ih nc
, mscdex, smartdrv, keyrus , ( ) autoexec.bat . rstart.bat
. , .

CONFIG.SYS

( , !) DOS Windows. ,

config.sys

111

,
.
config.sys, ( , ).
files=50
buffers=40
install=c:\dos\nlsfunc.exe c:\dos\country.sys
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, 6 7,
DOS, .
, Incorrect DOS version ( DOS).

112

4. MS-DOS
config.sys, .
device=c:\dos\himem.sys
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buffers=50,0
files=50
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install=c:\dos\nlsfunc.exe c:\dos\country.sys
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5.
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114

5.

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115

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116

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117

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118

5.

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119

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120

5.

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121

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122

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123

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124

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125

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126

5.

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127

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128

5.

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129

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130

5.

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131

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132

5.

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133

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135

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136

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137

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138

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140

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. 6.2.

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141

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142



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143

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144

6. Windows

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254

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256

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257

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258

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, ,
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MTU Intel

(095) 956-6290
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363-21 11, 363-21 12
102-0822, 102-0823
65-75-21
793-100,79-3000
16-64-16
119-189
494-494
995-55-50, 729-33-33
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http://www.microsoft.c6m/window8/iejntl/ru
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conv.exe
http://www.farmanager.com
FAR Manager
http://www.rarlab.com
WinRAR
http://www.driver.ru

http://www.drivers.ru

http://www.mydriver.ru
http://www.nix.ru/support
http://www.cityline.ru/vc
Volkov Commander
http://www.egrjer-online.de/vc
http://www.listsoft.ru
ListSoft:
http://www.listsoft.com

ftp://ftp.kiae.su/pubA1/windows/
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641

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http://www.microsoft.com/rus
http://www.microsoft.com/rus/download
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads
http://drweb.ru
http://www.kaspersky.ru



Microsoft
Microsoft
Microsoft,
(
)
Doctor Web

http://www.igorkalinin.com/mail/servers.ru.html
http://isa777spb.chat.ru/emaillinks.htm
http://mail.ru
http://www.zmail.ru
http://email.ru
http://freemail.ru
http://chat.ru
http://mail.yahoo.com
http://hotmall.com
http://netaddress.usa.net
http://internethosting.ru/hosting
http://narod.ru
http://boom.ru
http://chat.ru
http://www.westhost.ru
http://by. ru/serv/help/site
http://www.geocities.com
http://www.tripod.com

.
(
-)

http://microsoft.eom/windows/windowsmedia/d
ownload
http://real.com
http://winamp.com
http://realguide.real.com
http://classical.music.ru
http://www.mp3search.ru
http://www.mp3.com
http://www.mp3.ru
http://rmp.ru
http://music.lib.ru
http://zvuki.ru
http://windowsmedia.com/Mediaguide/Music
http://www.sonymusic.com/music
http://www.wbr.com
http://www.so.ru

Windows Media
RealAudio
RealVideo
Winamp

RealAudio RealVideo, ,

RealAudio



RealAudio
WindowsMedia
Sony Music
Worner Broz
Web-

http://yandex.ru
http://rambler.ru
http://turtle.ru
http://aport.ru

..

/vn -'

;&

642

URL


http://coun1er.rambler.ru/top1 00

http://google.com
http://altavista.com
http://teoma.com

http://www.ru/rus
http://weblist.ru/russian/
http://www.up.ru

http://yahoo.com
http://lycos.com
-
http://www.filesearch.ru
http://www.files.ru

ZDNet
http://zdnet.ru
Upgrade
http://computery.ru/upgrade

http://www.xakep.ru
Hard'n'Soft
http://hardnsoft.ru
^
http://www.iworld.ru
http://dz.yandex.ru/dz
dz online:

iXBT - ,
http://ixbt.com
,
, http://price.ru
/
,
http://www.hermitage.ru

http://www.museum.ru/gmii
.
http://www.museum.ru/tretyakov/

http://www.louvre.fr


http://www.uffizi.it
http://www.spanisharts.com/prado/


http://www.metmuseum.org
http://www.moma.org
(-)
http://lib.ru


http://vavilon.ru

http://russ.ru
(, ,
, Net-)
:
http://magazines.russ.ru

http://rvb.ru

http://zhurnal.lib.ru

http://anekdot.ru

http://film.ru

http://videoguide.ru
http://www.theatre.ru

,
http://www.rbc.ru
.

http://www .prime-tass.ru
-,

http://www.polit.ru
-
.
http://lenta.ru
Lenta. Ru
http://ntv.ru
.
http://kommersant.ru


URL
http://gazeta.ru
http://www.utro.ru
http://www.yjpo.ru
http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/russian

643


.
( . .
)
, ( RealAudio)
http://cnn.com
CNN
http://www.nasa.gov
NASA

http://svoboda.org
( RealAudio). ,

http://www.echo.msk.ru

http://62.212.49.12:8000/listen.pls
real audio
http://www.101.ru
- (real audio)
http://shoutcast.com

(bitrate)
, ,
http://turizm.ru
,
http://travel.ru
http://tours.ru
http://aqua.ru

http://dive.ru
http://diving.ru

http://wv.ru
http://mountains.tos.ru

http://biker.ru
http://moto.ru
http://auto.ru

http://motor.ru
http://autoreview. ru
http://www.sport-express. ru

http://sport.list.ru
http://sport.ru
http://sports.ru
http://www.uefa.ru/talks/index.cfm

http://www.spartak.com
http://cska.ru

http://www.fc-zenit.ru

http ://www. lokomotiv.ru



http://www.soccer.com
http://www.worldsoccer.com
NBA
http://www. nba.com
FIFA
http://www.fifa.com
http://www.nhl.com
NHL
NHL
http://www.nhl.ru
1
http://www.f1 -world.ru
http://www.f-odin.h1 .ru/
http://moda.ru

http://office.fashibnlook.ru
http://fg.ru
http://www.sarafan.ru

644
URL
http://www.krasota.ru
http://ne wwoman . ru
http://devichnik.ru
http://woman.ru
http://cosmo.women.com
http://www.job.ru
http://joblist.ru
http://www.ancor.ru

Cosmopolitan

http://pogoda.ru
' ( )
http://www.weather.com

http://cnn.com/WEATHER
http://cnn.com/WEATHER/html/MoscowRussi

a.html
http://cnn.com/WEATHER/html/MoscowRussi
-
a.html

http://dials.ru/www_av/home.htm

http://www.kaspersky.ru/remoteviruschk.html
http://www.artlebedev.ru/tools/decoder

http://www.lingvo.ru/lingvo/common
( )
http://www.cityline.ru/cgi-bin/dicVengrus.pl

http://mega.km.ru

http://eb.com
Bntanika (.1
http://books.ru
-
http://ozon.ru
http://cda.ru
http://shop.formoza.ru
http://www.wer.ru
-
http://shop.piter.com
(chat)

http://www.divan.ru
http://www.krovatka.ru

http://www.chat.ru
Chat.ru
http://www.starchat.ru

30
http://ochag.narod.ru
http://www.rolemancer.ru
, ,
http://www.gameland.ru
http://ag.ru
http://gamez.ru
http://games.ru
http://games.rax.ru
http://www.combats.ru

http://www.eqrpg.com
Everquest
http://www.idsoftware.com
Quake II id Software
http://www.blizzard.com/Diablo
Diablo
http://www.blizzard.co m/diablo2
Diablo II
http://www.blizzard.ru
Blizzard (WarCraft, Diablo, StarCratt)
http://www.microsoft.com/games
Microsoft
!
| http://levin.rinet.ru
Web-
|


URL
http://www.levin.rinet.ru/Songs

'
: ( )
http://www.levin.rinet.ru/SAMOUCHITEL

http://www.levin.rinet.ru/STISH
(!)
http://www.levin.rinet.ru/BIO/bio/zastavka.htm

http://www.levin.rinet.ru/FRIENDS

http://www.levin.rinet.ru/spb-guide/index.html
-

645

Autoexec.bat, 108

Batch-. .
BIOS, 264
, 264
Boot.ini, 257

Clipboard. .
CMOS, 264
, 265
, 266
Config.sys, 110
CorelDRAW, 125
Ctrl-Alt-Del, 90

Dpi. .
Drag-and-drop, 144

Excel, 475
, 482
, 477
, 500
, 494
, 480
, 505
, 510
, 504
, 504
, 505
, 483
, 510
, 491
, 491
, 504

Excel ()
,
, 487
, 491
, 493
, 493
, 494
, 482, 483,487, 500
, 509
, 511
, 510
, 505
, 483
, 511
, 510
, 490
, 501
, 478

, 491
, 501
, 487
, 481
, 478
FAR Manager, 59
, 60
, 61
, 73
, 82
, 62
, 74
FAT (FAT16), 86
FAT32, 86
Fdisk, 100
FireWire, 28
FTP, 550

I
IDE, 24
IEEE 1394,28

KOI8-R, 580

Microsoft Office, 126,385


Microsoft Word. . Word
MIDI-, 118
Mobile rack, 26
MP3, 309
MS-DOS
Fdisk, 100
Format, 84
Path, 96
SmartDrive, 105

Verify, 58
, 104
, 179
, 104
, 100
., 95
, 94
, 98
, 111
, 90
, 94
, 90, 93
, 91, 93
Edit, 98
, 95
, 94
, 96
, 90, 94
, 93
, 97
, 96
, 95
, 98
, 98
MSN Messenger, 617

N
Norton Commander
, 358
, 69
, 59
, 47
, 52, 60
, 52
, 74
, 80
, 70
, 78
, 61
, 60
, 73
, 73
Link (), 71

647
Norton Commander ()
, 58
, 50
, 75
, 72, 89
, 80
, 56
, 55
, 54
, 47
, 71
CMOS, 265
, 53
, 71
, 67
, 265
(), 53
, 49
, 68
, 72
, 73
Info, 70
, 49
i
, 56

, 68
, 66
, 85
, 78
NTFS, 86

OCR, 115

Path
MS-DOS, 96
Windows 9x, 258

Read Only, 73
RTF, 399

SCSI, 24
Serial ATA, 28
SmartDrive, 105

Task Scheduler, 347


Text only, 399
TrueType, 238
TWAIN, 30

Ultra ATA, 25
UltraDMA, 25

648
Unicode, 239
URL, 540, 547
USB, 28

Volkov Commander, 59
, 56
, 61
, 89
, 82
, 62

W
Wave-. .
Windows
ASR, 345
Boot.ini, 255
CheckDisk NT, 279
Device Manager, 231
, MS Backup, 340
MSConfig, 256
NT Backup, 340
Path, 258
Quick Launch, 149
Recycle Bin. .
Send to, 186
SFC, 258
Sysedit, 256
System Tray, 148
Task Manager. .
Windows Update, 152

NT, 263

, 156
, 216
, 222
, 172
, 187
(Safe mode), 250
, 135
,
(Scanreg), 254

(SFC), 258

(System Restore), 259
, 179
, 176
, 220
, 221
, 145
, 176
, 191
, 191
, 204
, 217
, 231
, 248,534


Windows ()
, 233
, 158
, 161

, 251
MS-DOS, 251
, 227

, 253
, 151
, 215
, 193
, 210
-CD, 305
, 307
-, 305,332
CD-R
CD-RW, 332
, 209
, 190
NT, 291
NT, 290
. .

(Send to), 186


, 155
NT, 263
- , 146
, 146, 177
-CD, 302
, 175
, 176
, 178
, 231
, 153
, 250
, 252
, 152
, 152
, 174

, 173
,138
, 177
. . Quick Launch
, 216

CD Burning, 333
Send To, 188
, 545
, 199
Quick Launch, 188
, 220
MS-DOS, 160
, 160
Windows Explorer, 246
, 144
, 149


Windows ()
, 218
, 218
, 183


, 196, 198
, 220
, 221
, 250

FAT32, 286, 287, 288
NTFS, 288
, 175
, 160

, 172
, 172
, 173
, 165
, 175
, 171
, 166
, 336
, 359
, 212
, 175
, 196
, 256
(Regedit), 254
, 193
, 250
, 340
, 199
, 146, 188
, 191
, 212
, 359
Windows 2000 , 359
, 230
. . System Tray
, 254
, 204

, 187
(), 181
, 181
, 181
, 182

, 345

MS-DOS, 271,283
, 146
, 203
, 221
, 161
, 234
CD-RW, 336

649
Windows ()
, 140
, 212
, 178
, 224
, 176
, NT, 288
Windows NT, 222
, 227
, 219
, 222
, 268
, 269
, 269
, 220
config.sys autoexec.bat, 253
, 216
, 214
, 205
, 218
, 182
, 191
, 176, 181, 187
Windows Media Audio, 309
Windows Messenger, 617
Word, 384
preview, 446
, 414
(), 434
, 396

/, 433

, 440
, 440
, 420
, 427
, 469
,
, 395
, 395

, 404

, 402
, 402
, 463
, 406
, 406
. ,
, 426
, 405
, 475
, 470
, 470
, 474
, 449
, 450
, 445

650
Word ()
, 431
, 409
, 416
, 460
, 414
, 462
, 403
, 468
,443
, 443
, 442
, 406
, 417
, 417
/, 388
,453
, 397
, 463
, 444
, 468
, 442,443
, 397
, 457
, 445
, 398
, 394, 411
, 470
, 414
, 408
, 403
, 390
, 441
, 447
, 398
, 412, 447
, 430
, 431

, 431
, 432
, 431
, 414
, 474
, 446
, 420
, 428
, 435
, 390
, 419
, 391

-, 389
, 390
, 388
, 389
, 389
,388
, 389

Word ()
, 406
, 460
, 463

, 466
, 436
, 458,459

, 393
, 395

, 404
, 439

, 400
, 400
, 407
, 470

, 424
, 425
, 424
, 456

, 422
, 421
, 420
, 418
, 389
, 450
, 475
, 427
, 410
, 437
WYSIWYG, 380

. .

Windows
, 607

Doctor Web
SpIDer Mail, 370
DOS, 365
Windows, 368
SpIDer, 369
, 371
Control Centre, 372
, 374
, 373
, 372
, 349
ARJ.349
WinZip, 350
, 356
, 355

, 122
, 46


, 123
, 135

,
, 395
-, 123,617
MSN Messenger, 617
NetMeeting, 617
Windows Messenger, 617

(), 363
, 363
, 363
, 159

, 46
, 309

. .
, 116

Word'a, 471
, 116,312
Paint, 313

,329

BMP, 327
GIF, 328
JPG,328,331
TIFF, 328-

, 280
, 293
()
Norton Commander, 49
Windows, 181

, 71
(, ), 42

, 86

, 95

CheckDisk, 279
Scandisk, 278
(Defrag), 280

DOS Windows 9, 100
NT, 290
(Disk Cleanup ), 284
(Scandisk), 276
(Disk Manager), 288
, 282

Norton Commander, 78

651

, 88
-CD, 305
, 307
-, 305, 332
, 119

3D-Action, 127
FPS, 128
MMORPG, 129
MUG, 129
RPG, 129
RTS, 128
TBS, 128
TPS, 128
, 127
, 129
, 128
, 128 *

MS-DOS, 44, 45
Windows, 46

Adobe Acrobat, 566


cookie, 566
DNS, 521
ftp-, 551
IP-, 521
Java, 568
login, 522 ,
Macromedia Flash, 566
Narod.ru, 575
RealAudio, 563
URL, 540, 547
VRML, 566
WWW, 530
, 542
-, 542
, 540
, 551
, 575
- (mht), 553
-, 566
(weblog), 610
,536
(World Wide Web), 530
, 530
(guest book), 609
, 537
, 524
, 546
, 547
(webboard), 609
(LiveJournal), 610
, 542
, 544

652
()
, 520
. .
-, 575

, 527
, 527
, 549
,
, 550
, 566
, 523
, 532
, 534
, 528

, 562
, 553
, 562
, 560
, 553
^ , 553
, 561
, 560
, 555

MSN Search, 554
, 556
, 556

Altavista, 557
FileSearch, 561
Google, 557
Rambler, 557
flndex,557
, 563
, 526
, 516
- (proxy), 567
, 565

FTP, 551
POP, 514
TCP/IP, 514
, 538
chat, 615
Web-, 552
, 611
, 538
, 518
, 551
(chat), 615
HTML, 530
, 25

ASCII-866. . DOS-866
DOS-866, 239
KOI-8R. . -8
Unicode, 239
Windows CP-1251, 239
-8, 239
, 380
, 380
, 42
MS-DOS, 80
Norton Commander, 80
Volkov Commander, 82
Windows, 155
, 106
- !, 17, 626
-CD, 302, 307
, 58
, 44

, 382
. .
, 46
, 252
, 123

, 101

, 260
, 284

. .

, 90, 160
(Task Scheduler), 347

Norton Commander, 68, 71
Windows, 183

PS/2, 28
USB, 28
, 29
, LPT, 28
, , 28
, 29
, 276
CMOS, 265
, 50

, 28

() , 236
, 46

, 260
, , 336


. .
()
Windows 9, 227

Windows 2000 , 284
Windows 9, 227,271,283
Format, 88
Sys, 88, 96
Norton Commander, 89
, 602
, 122

, 615
, 612
, 613

Checklt, 264
Norton Diagnostics, 264


MS-DOS, 98
Windows, 217

,72
MS-DOS, 104
Windows, 188

Norton Commander, 52
Windows, 145, 173

MS-DOS, 44
Windows, 46

MS-DOS, 94
Norton Commander, 50
Windows, 146,175, 177

Norton Commander, 55
Windows, 144

Norton Commander, 54
Windows, 176

Norton Commander, 68
Windows, 183

Norton Commander, 66
, 62, 63
, 44
, 98
Norton Commander, 67

Norton Commander, 68

653
()
Windows, 181

MS-DOS, 97

MS-DOS, 95
Norton Commander, 56
Windows, 176

FAT(FAT16), 86
FAT32, 86
NTFS, 86

Windows, 282
Format, 84
Norton Commander, 85
, 328
, 399

, 309
, 216
(chat), 615

Open Type, 238


PostScript, 238
True Type, 238
, 237
, 237
, 236
, 236
, 241
, 236
, 237
, 238
, 243
, 242


attachment, 598
Internet Mail, 577
Mail Delivery Subsistem, 595
Outlook Express, 578
, 606
, 596
-, 605
, 598
, 591
, 595
, 590
, 599
, 587
, 580
, 594
, 595

654
() , 590
, 592

(Message Rules), 604
, 598
, 593

POP, 576
SMTP, 576
, 587


()
, 605
, 592
, 607
, 578, 579
, 595
, 588
, 599
,602
, 581
, 122



8-


.
.
.
.
.
.

05784 07.09.01.
04.03.05. 70X100/16. . . . 54,18.
. 30 000 . 531.
. 194044, -, . . , . 29.

005-93, 2; 953005 .
. . .
, .
197110, -, ., 15.


'
iillI

WWW.PITER.COM


, ,
,

. , . , . 176, 207, 240; ./ (095) 777-54-67;


e-mail: sales@piter.msk.ru
- . , . ., . 29;
. (812) 103-73-73, (812) 103-73-83; e-mail: sales@piter.com
. 25 , . 4; . (0732) 39-61 -70;
e-mail: piter-vrn@vmail.ru; piterv@comch.ru
. 8 , . 2676; ./ (343) 225-39-94, 225-40-20; '
e-mail: piter-ural@r66.ru
. , . 31 ; . (8312) 58-50-15, 58-50-25;
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. , . 12, 10-11; . (057) 712-27-05, 712-40-88;


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, .
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E-mail: grigorjan@piter.com
.
: - {812) 327-13-11,
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: (812) 103-73-73.
- e-mail: kozin@piter.com


, ,
.
, .
...

, ,
.

("")

ISBN 5-94723-792-

Windows

^
^^^^ \/
R.
.
/ W W . PPIITTEPR

9||785947"237924|

web-: http://www.piter.com

UNTERGRUND
, .
,
,



:
" !".
:
" ..."
,


.
,
,


.
, "Yellow
Submarine" -
.
,

^ Ievin.rinet.ru/Songs
levin@rinetni

www.piter.conri

<_