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2008

81.2
72

72

.
. .: , -, 2008. 288 .

.
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: (812) 550-26-64,

+7-911-235-80-95

E-mail:

andrapublish@yandex.ni

ISBN 978-5-7931-0625-2
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81.2



01.08.2008.
60 X 88 V . . . . 18,0. 5000 .


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ISBN 978-5-7931-0625-2

> ., 2008
> -, 2008


. .............................................. 5,7
............................................................................ 9
. ...................................................... 10
I. .......................................................11
............................................................... 13-17
.................................................................... 18, 137,231,273
........................................... 20
........................................................... 24
................................................................. 29, 68, 83, 175
......................................................... 29, 72-82
............................................ 34, 51
........................................................ 25, 37, 122, 128
+S ................................. 37, 40, 122, 124
........................................................................................... 38
have be, ve got ................ 31,41, 141
...........26, 45-47, 130
43 ............... 48, 87, 110, 113, 175
II. ..................................................... 49
............................................ 51, 42, 107, 274
....................................27,54,275-288
............................................................. 56, 174, 192,208
..................................................... 64, 222, 247, 272
13 ............................................................................ 66
.............................................................67,217-221,244
III. . 43 .................................. 89-238
.............................................................91
.................................................................. 92
.................................................. 96
..................................................... 98, 107
-- ............................................................... 100, 126
21 .................................................................................. 102
.....................................104
......................................... 107

......................................................115
................................................................. 116
h \ sh .........................................................118
I f . . . ........... 127, 154,249-250
to ..................................................132
... ... .................................. 138,230
, ... ..................................................... 146-149
............................................................ 150, 229
................................. 156,272
... ? ... ! ....................................................................................162
VIA/ I" / / / / .......................................................... 164-171
....................................................172
..........................................................178
*// ...................................182
........................................................ 184, 196
........................................................... 186-189
.............................................................................. 190
. ............... 192, 208-211
. A N Y ................................. 198, 200
...................................204-209
8 .........................................................212-216
........................................................ 238
15 ............................................................................ 239
2>..........................................................................241
............................................................................. 242
...................... 251-255
+ ............................................................. 256-259
M F MINE ........................................................................... 260
... ..., ... ... ....................................... 262
I f s raining , . . . ............ 264, 267
....................................................................... 268
............................................................................... 272

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!!!
( 11" ) !!!:
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.
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neoeSti !

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( - /-] /- /- !-),

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100

.

Tax taxZTs, \
6- = bossE s !

- - !
***
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( - )
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box '

buS

bussE S

= /

buz Z

buzz E S

eraS H

crashEV

daS H

dashE.V

= /

fa X

fax E S

lam

la sh M

= //

mat CH -

match E.V

= .

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! -

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( 21 = . 21 1 -

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.
Just

(one) boj? - : 2 7 $

, !
... - !
- !!!:

17
27
37
47

57
67
71
87
97
101

..

girltS,
+

tree,
, etc.

w
7.

!
, !
- !!!

!
> ,
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:
!!!.
:
M A N Y ', - M U C H - !
- L IT T L E . - F E W ". , ....

104

!!!
5 , ,
,
-
7 (^ money)!
- ?
***

'.


2 :
(.. ),

(.. ),

I.

(: 2-3 ),

(3 - !),


, , , ,
. -
,

(:
2 = Two beers - 7Vv
-
2 , 2 ,
2 .
2 = 2 coffees,
2 cups of coffee).

8.

10
( . . +
+

-I ),




( !!!)
- !

-

( +) = :
, : > , :
child

children

foot

feet

/ f

goose

geese

louse

lice

mouse
/

mice

man

men

woman
Wy_M3H

women
wmiuH

ox

oxen

penny

pence

tooth

teeth

108

.
<\ ,
, !

, ,
, , !
: ,

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:


+5 !
^-
- !.

109

9.

<

!!!:

10 .

children

women

- !

= . !!!
( !).
8 :
M E N - 1 \ L 1 C E \ \
F E E T PEN CE, O X E N - G E E S E !
?
!:
My teeth + A C H E Your men + P L 4 F

ach
1*3
!
( !).

111



9 :


Every day


our clever children

wmub
wash their fe e t

(. . 172)

.
and brush their teeth.

Mmmwaim
Meanwhile

xiid whmuh
men and women


help our


brave geese

+ .

+
hunt + lice

(. . 218)


living on our

.
nice mice and oxen.

10.
!
!

I / 011 / > / (

( . !)

!!!

, ,

113

.

4 :
, y o u , we, they - !!!
!!!
( ???).
:
, \

!!!:

+ + = I + read + a lot of books.

+ +

= You + write

+ verses.

+ + = We + work

+ hard.

+ +

= You + make

+ mistakes.

+ +

= They + like

+ pies.

# + + =
= My friends' +f i x + broken cars.

- = , ,
= , ,
-
, ,
1
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( !)
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^ .


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( # - !).

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***

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):

= I see HLV clog - .

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->
(-)

= We hear THE//? voices.


W\\
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.

> We hear THEM Wh .

(- )

( ) - I like ' color -

( )

> I like .

12.
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- = #

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. . .

118

.
7/ - , - ,
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= ship -

= boat - /

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***
:
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,

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+ .

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+ .

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= + ( .

+ ((

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( / ).
^
^
^
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=
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121

+ .

w
13.
!!!


( , )

/ She / It / Who?


( !!!),
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!!!

122

, ?
.

- !.
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reacLV

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c r a w l -

(5)

? = Who know?

.
?

'

14.
!!!

+
+,.


-

,
!

( !),

, ( )

!!!

124


.
My little dog + barbS*

My dos S + bark -

- ,
My dog

+,V !!!
:
My friend + > My friendS* + 7/yg - ,

!!!

125

w
-- - :
(
- - !):

I m m you > She m issis me


,

!
,
( - )
- ..! - ^> -.

(5) = pushES1 - .
() = She blessEV - 1 .
() = It buzzE S - &.
miss - = ...

126

15.
!
I F ... ...

:
... w h e n ... = ... ..., ,

u n t i l ... = ... ...,

a s s o o n a s ... = ... .. ,

a s lo n g a s ... = ... ... ( .. )




(If ... / playV ... playeZ)) !!!:

, + ! =
= I ll leave IF + he !
A f f + x u !

.


5


(= , , 5\ - / - / ) -

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,
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- ^ ,
;

2 - :.

-
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3- :.

S
,
,
behind .
(. . 38-39);
***
behind - =

129

4- :.
S , /)
-
:
1)
(-/ = paint( - ):
2)
( = painterf - ):
+ + = + + .
I +

pain te /) + aman.

:
^4// = .
A

pain te /) man.

_+

repaire/) + my

bike.

:
+ I /1 \[ + .
+

repaire/)

bike.

***

130


5-
- ING
- 3 !
( a drink !).

3 :
1)
( = smok in g - );

2)



( = smokm g - ):

3)
( = smokin g -

131

16.
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"> !.

+
.

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132

.
1
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1
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1
2
+ /,

3
+ /

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133

:

- !
"

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***

...
.
? - !!!
..!.
( !):

+ .
+
I want + to run + (0 (UK)
(US).
I want + to run +
womn + tv +
.

-
- -
.:

(: => ),

( !!!)
.
-


:

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,
English !!!
***

&
135

.
= English
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... => ...,


\ =- \
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... => ... .

.
, ,
English !
60% Grammar
!
,
> English !
>

136

.
:

-
- - ,

+ + ,
+ + ,
+ .. . + ...!

!
***
,

( ) !!!
\

17.

. . . , . . . .,
I / ryou / we / they / he / she / it.

I
: !
.

!, + ! -

+ ..., + ... !!!.


:

- !!!
+ + ! ! - . . . !

138

.
:
+ = +
- !
-

..!!!
***

-
35 ,
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: < 61 / !!!


B E :
I ... =

W7/7. B E ... =

W A S! W ERE - !

18.

+ ! ! - ... ...!

- :
+ ! !!!
***
+ ! - !!! :

-:

+ ! !!!
***
+ ,
^ .

-:

+ _ !!!

140


.

.
!!!

have - = :

= ...
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- !
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!.
:
..., ...
- ...!
-
!.

&
141

!!!
,
,
:

HAVE /HAS -> HAVE (7077 HAS (70 ->

-> FE G O T r S GOT - G 0 7 \
= ............ !!!

.
...H A V E ... - ..!
100

G O T .
H a v e g o t . . .
- : T v e g o t ! H e s 2 0
..!

:

GOT ? - ...

G O T ... !!!

Ive g o t ... - ... = .


Hes g o t ... - ... = .

19.
have ...
(/ have g o t ... I ' v e got ...),

,
,
...

(- ) !!!
:

have

(= have got, has, has got, had, had got,


will have)
... to

... ... !!! =


= /mve to ...I has to .../had to ...I

will have to . . .I ''vegot to . . .Ts got to . . .


.:
+ = Ive gof to + do it!

144

-
,
...
: ..
I

have to

. :

= ... ().

hoD to ... = ....

HILL have to ... = ....


- ..? -
I have to + go! |
Ive got to + go! | =
tv + ! )

has to + stay! |
H es got to + stay! | =
' tv + \ )

+ !

go - = ,
stay - = ()

w
20. -.

/0

...

(-

/)

= .. . =
= I want her to ...
2


:
want
wants
want
will want
imu wish / wishes /
wished / will wish,
plan / plans /
planned / will plan,

+ 0 ( .) + to +
+ . :
( . .. me to . . .,
... him to ...,
. . . u s to ..., . .).

. 115.

146

.
:
'
+ , ^ ... ,
+ , ^

. . .

- !
- !

+ (. . .)
(= ...).

(, to
/ ):
!
+

=> +

+ ! =>

+ ! -

- ,
!.
***
.
=
YJl want+
A ffjiw om n

+ ^ +
+

+
them to + buy
+ tv
+

!
!
this cat!
due \

21. !
'.

+ , ((_) +
+

+ .

+ .

+ to + .

.
(- )
(. 115)

+ thinks

US

+ to + love him.

***

+ , +
= +

+ =

+ ( ^ + - ,

-
..!

, + ) 011 =>
I-----------------

=> +

^.


... !

148

, (used)
< '.
believe

= ,

expect

know

presume

= ,

suspect

= ,

think

,
,

. + to !
Aii +


/!
I think + him to
be
a good
man!

Wh
We

. + 4to +
+ +
expect + them to +

.
.
come tomorrow.
T

.
. !

:
to

to ...

.
to ...

vou to ..

him to ..

.
. + to .. . = I think + her to .. + .
it to ...
.. . =
us to ...
to .. . =
.. . =

them to

7
22.
.
-

3 :

1)
... ......... ;
2) .
-

3) .
-

***
( )


(!) *// !!!
(. 229).

150

( - !)
99%

1 !
will
.
fg


...

= I will e a t...

...

I /7 be eating...
:
I will have eaten...).

151

.
:

+ ..., +, + ...
- ,

- ^

^ J^ko^
WILL . . . !!!.


* * *

WILL .
***

#() , ...,
1) ,
-

/ / - !

152

!!!


( !!!)

!!!
( 147/ -

.
!!!):

1 !
1 !
+ !, + .
+ ! -

WILL B E . . .
2 !

Will - , = !!!
1

,
- !!!

153

w
23.
:

IF

...


:
... W hen
... U ntil

...= ... ..., ,


...= ... ...,

... US SOOn a s

...= ... ...,

... a s lo n g a s

...= ... ... ( ...)

will / shall


,
- - !!!
(Plaj; / plaYiV) !!!

154

+ ,

+ =
= I F

+ he comeS? -

I f -

Witt !!!
***

+ , ...,
..., + :
... s ^ ... / . . . take ... - V rff-
!!!
***

+ ,
+ ,
U N T IL + he w ashed I ... sweep et cetera,
!:
w on't go to play in the yard
UNTIL + he washed the cat!
,
( !)
will / w ont ! !!

24.

.
99%

( )

19

. >
:

99%
-



19
.

( )


, , - !!!

156

19 :

MY
YOUR
HIS
HER
ITS
OUR
THEIR
NO
ANY
SOME
THIS
THAT
EVERY
SUCH A
SUCH
THESE
THOSE
AN/A
THE

, , ;
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-
-
,
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= /-/-/-
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= , , .
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= , , , .
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= ,
-
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=
=
=
=

+ . . 271.

157

.
19 ...
!!!
- !
, -
, ,

!!!
, , , ,

!!!
***

white hand = - 111


:
M Y / T H I S / T H A T ! / T H E . + white hand !!!

.

!
- !!!.
:
,
\

/ !!!.
** *
:
!

- + - + '.
1
MY

...

2
3
+ BIG
+ HOUSE/-S.
+
+ /.
+ ... +
/-.

'

25.
,

^

1^ !!!

( )
!!!

- ,
- !!!.
,

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160

.
19
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( )
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!!!
***

162

.
:

. . . !
-

. . . . - !

....
:
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N O - !
- !, N 0 !
N O - !.
***
Im N O child! = - ! - .

N 0 - ..!
, . . . N O ...


!.

'

27.
!!!


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:

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,
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(: -)

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164

: /
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,

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,
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!!!

,



/ the !! !
,
- :
+ V !

:
... + / + !
( - !!!)

+ V + = I ve read
, -

166

+
+

+ book.
+ book.

,
!
( !!!)

-

!
***

1000%-
/ :
,

// = 11//,

// =
=

girl/book/hand .

28.

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,
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,

!!!

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***
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29.
The

,
T h e

-/ ,

I !!!

(<)
.

THE // - !
***

170

.
3

* - !!!

- ..!

--

!!!

***
A p p l e t

THE a p p le t

Apples !

. Art applet !
( !!!).

.
,

...

,

!!!:

< >

<>

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172

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174


06> /
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!!!

w
.
, ,

!!! -

!!!

Do / does / did + w ill...


.
-

IV.
!

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D O \ D O ES, D ID +

W ill

:
-

"1

WMJJ -

- !.

176

N6
!!!


,

!!!

.
<<

,
,
3
...
:
,
- ,

. . . d o . . ,

d o e s ...

d i d ...
!

! = I DO love!, ,

DOES love We DID love -

...).


.
,

will ...! -

- ! !!!.
.

IV.
***

NB.


!!!:
I DID come! = !
^ !

NB. -
(do ... I does . . . I did ...)

.
+ JI + !
+

+ \
I +
diD adore
+ you!

179

w
3 .
Give me!

DO give !

- != ..!

Give , now \

, !

= , !!!

,
. !
!
( _\).

,
DO + ...!
( !!!).
.
,
-

,now l -

wow ..!

180

:
1. ,
(= !):
, ! = dt/c, &\
Take this, darling!

please
(< g - !)
Please, take this, darling! = Darling, take this, p leasel
,
.
= / * - Eat this ;
2. g
(= Do
!!! = <5 !!! - Zto go there !!!
3. ,
( ...,n o w V - .
"Now ):
. !!! = G/Ve me that money. N O W !!

!!!

d id . . .

(
)
,
( !!!)


,



!!!
/ /7/-
:
4 /7/- !!! = I ZMD fly !!!

182

( ,
-

fly ),

fly '.
/ (= I came)
^>
'!'>^ ^ ^ ^ '!'>^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^
/ 4 = ) ! -

- !! !
***
^^ ^ ^ ^
4 + iiov x\

I bet + you DID know her! =


= , +
know - //ov' = -.
(knew - )

( ... did ... !).

183

'

31.
,

(2 )0 / /
.

... \

. .

( )

!
,

4 ... ?
3 .

184

.
Do . ../D o es . ../ D id ... W ill...
1 - , IV.

..? !
- !
,
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+ ?.
+ ...? - W.
- + ... ?

!!!

= D o
,
D id

?! D o e s

'-

- ,

- W ill
***

185

w
32.

!!!
:


(. 188)

:
) :
I know him;
) ,
:
DO + I know him ?;
) :
How + DO + I know him ?

186

.

(-
!!!
- !.
:

: ...

..

!!!
- !!!.


!!!

21
:

=
?
=
?
=
? ?
=
?
=
? ...? ?
=
? ? ? =
? ?
=
()? ()? =
... ?
=
...?
=
?
=
? ?
=
?
=
() ... !?
=
... ?
=
()?
=
()? =
?
=
... - ... ?
=
... ...
/
?

Who?
Whom? Who? Whose?
Where?
Where from?
What?
What for?
In what way?
Which (of)?
What kind of ... ? What color ... ? When?
Why?
How?
How come ... ? How long?
How many?
How much?
How often?
... ever ... ?

Xyyl
Xyyl

IVr/>
Wr>
Worn?
Worn ?
worn W3M?
Wwm (ob)1
Worn oe
Worn ?
Wynl
Waii?
Xav?
Xav ... ?
Xav ... ?
Xav ?
Xav
Xav >.

... ... ?

,
In what manner? - worn !



. .
+

():

Where

DID

->

put

M Y gloves?

+
->

->

->

+ / + ?
When +
WILL YOU read
+ YOUR book?
+
H E
+ ?
Why + D O E SN 'T H E wash + H IS
car?

H ow

+
um
+ ?
+ DO ES S H E fix + H E R stockings?

+ / ( / ) + ?
Why +DO ES I T lick
+ IT S paws?
+
What +


+
DO WE know about +
OUR

?
parents?

+
+
?
Where + DID T H E Y keep + TH EIR belongings?

...


/ :

IS he there?

- Yes, he is ! / N o,he fewY.

A M I a doctor?

- Yes, I am ! / No, I am not.

W ERE they here? - Yes. thev were ! /


No. thev weren't.

W ill you be...? - Yes, we w ill! / No. we won't.


WAS it cold?

- Yes. it was ! / No. it wasn't.

190

.

,
:
Yes, I do ! - !
:

H AVE you ...? ,

Yes, I h a v e !, - !
,
!
COULD

you do it?, - .

Yes, I c o u ld !, -
: (-),
No, I c o u l d n 't !, - !

33.

4
^ ^/
.

... ),

|^

. . . . . . ?

3 .

192





!
... ...
!

... ... - \
..!
, !!! -
... ... !!!

D o n 't

d o e s n t''

D i d n 't = ]
W o n t = !
! !:
= I don't know .
(') ? - !
)
... d o n 't... > ... d o e S n 't... !

&
193

: /-,
/,
.

. <[)... !

,
,

/ ... !

. . .

:
D O N 'T ' D O E S N 'T ' - !!!
D ID N 'T' - !!!
- WON' ' ...
- !.


(. . ... ...)
!!!
***


Don't ...IDoesn't ...IDidn't ...I Won't..

!!!
(

:
D ont .. -
,

:
+ ?,
+ JI ?,
+
100 ?.
***
D ID N 'T you know? W O N 'T you swim?
- - ...
,

? -

- : D O N 'T ...? !!!

34.

!
:

D O N 'T' NO" !

.
D O N T ' N O -
!
D O N 'T - N 0 ,
N O - ....
***
N O .
D O N T - !
-
N O !
- :
D O N T !.
( doesnt1 didnt/ w ont\).
***
.
<<,

N O .
,

!!!

35.

.

, ..
(
)


- A N Y \
.
don't- - !
didn't - !
... any ... d o n 't ... - !
..!.
:
"No

anv

!!!

!
D O N V

A N Y - -

- III.
( doesn't! didn't! worCfV).


:
.

!
/ //

ctA N Y " ..!


don't - :
dont / doesnt / didnt / wont
A N Y - !!!

Theres N O honey A/VYwhere!.


: I doN 'T have A N Y dog! - .
A N Y ... !!!

!,

- !
(. . 157).

&
201

w
.

1 -

,

:
1)


Any = , :

I can read A N Y book = ;

2)


Any = () -:

Do you have A N Y money? =


= () - ?

3)


Any = :

They do n t buy A N Y flowers =


= .

202

.
A N Y - !
A N Y ..!

A N Y .
- ,
:
A N Y ' .
!*
,
() - ANY" :
Can you give me A/VY money?, - ...
- ,
A N Y !

\
* ( )

(= / "the),
any -
,
!

36.

! !

= / + !
READ + that book! + !
PAY

+ for me!

= + !

.
+ !, + !,
+ ! - ,
. !!!

.
.
-

!!! -

!!!
***

( !),
/Yert.se ! -
(. , ).

37.
please
,


( ) - ...
3.

,
please
( ) !

.
Please - !!!
:

please - !!!:

Please. give me ten dollars! =


= Give me ten dollars, please'

38.
->

I
I

...1 - ...

...! - ...

.
,
DO ... ! .
- ,
D O N ... ! g !
DO D O N 'T
. !!!
***
! = DO give me, now! .
! = DO pay me!
English ...
,
D O N do it! - !
<_
Don't make any mistakes! =H e !
***

NB.

!!!

w
4 .
,
1.

Don't + ...! !
=

2. = Don't ^ DO not + ...! !


/*,
3.

Don't you + ...!!! !


:

4.

Don't you ever + ...!!! !!

* : - \

210

:
1. :
+ ! = dyv + \
D O N 'T do + it!
2. .
- . + ! = + dyyum l
Do N O T + do it!
3. .
+ \ = Don't YOU + do it!
4. :
+ dyyuml = Don't you EVER + doit!
T

:

asshole! - ' = ..., !.

211

39
-I .
:

let
see
hear
feel
notice
observe
watch

,
, = ,
,

()

novmuc

- W 07774



!!!

1)

( ..., ... -

2)

.);

3)

. +

+ .

hears

cough.
.

to !!!

- !
(. . 115).

213

.
8 ,
,
-I ,
-

3 -\:

= + -
L E T + . . .

- + + ()\

SEE HEAR.

FEEL

N O TIC E

= ..!
,
,
!
: OBSERVE?' WATCH !!!
:
1)

, !!!

2)

, !!!

3)

-7? Hg ! - ... !


8 :

.
- -

, . \
, !
-

() !.
***
8 :
..., ...;

...

. ...

. . ...;

..., ..

..., ...;

. . ., ..

..., ...;

..., ...

. ..

..., ...;

..., .. =
..., .. =
. . ., .. =

. ..

..., ...;
..., ...;
..., . . . ,
..., ...;

..., ... =
. =

. ...

.. ...

...
. .

w
.
N 6. -.
< 8

-
!!!
,
..., ... ..., ...
!!!

, : ->
^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^
, + + =
^
^
I see +

him

+ swim.

+ +

cwum.

:
, + + =
^

We hear +
Wh

them
())M

+ quarrel.
+

\ \ .

M
216

40.

(lean on ... = ...),



(fall in love //f ... = ...)!
***

.

:
!, - !

...

...

( . . 221):

- ..!
- ..!
..?
! - !
***

.
,
, ,

- :
!!!
***
..., ...
- !

- -!
j o i n . . . , enter ...
! -
..!!!
***
-. -
,
- speak + English
( ..!!!).

,
.

. .
1)
.
-
.
- -

+ !
- - :
Wait

FOR + boys - ..!


:

+ - -

- !
- : hy//7 : Wait

FOR + !;

2) ,
,

( , ,

),

\

!

.
? - !
: 1 = , ,
Pull over = !!!

, !!! !!!
...
...
...
...
/


...
...

1/

...

(+

...

1 ...
1 ...
/

...
...
. ...
/- ...
/- ...

//

/- ...
/- ...
/- () ...
/- () ...
/- () ...
/- () ...

/ ...
(+
)

.
- ,

^ - ,

!
$ $ $

- !!!
- !
!

!!!

223

40. .
1)

(= -si -dt -iifg)',

2) ,
(= ) -

, -


to;
3)
4 (!)
(do/ does/ did/ w ill);

4)

H E ,
,
.
***

224

.
- !
,

..!!!
!

, !!!

!!!:
I + don't I = !!!
***

!:
I + wittIm ust! -
..!
***
- !
- too !
,

225

to ... !!!

13 .
13 - !


/1 ' = . . ., COULD = . . .,
M IG H T = , ... (?),
= M A Y \

= M A Y N O T

( j !).
O U G H T M U S T - . . . !:
O U G H T - '., M U S T - !
! ! - !
WILL

SH A L L - !
!

( Will - !).
SH A L L -
( ]),

!
(. 229).

226

WOULD ... .. . .
( !
Would-
. !!!).
SH O U LD !
S h o u ld - !, S h o u ld - !
- !
- , - !
(. 222).
:N E E D N 'T = ...,
N E E D N 'T =
, -.
N e e d n 't - ! ,
!!!
+
, , !,
, , ! - V /r a th e r ... V/
!
(. . .).

V (= ) ?
- !:
...V / rather ... ...V / better ..

(Vd rather go! = !).


***
w o u ld " -. !:
W O l l l d n o f \
- ...
W o u ld n 't - !
( !):
W o u l d n 't . . . = .

...!:

. . .

She w ouldn't wash dishes! =


= !
***
wash

- wmub

= ;

dishes - =

!!!

13 - !
,
..!

NB.

,

...:

OUGHT ! \ M IGHT + SHALL

N E E D N 'T

- 4 !
*
!

*
K ing's English
( )
Queen's English
( ).

229

.
,

( )

!!!





$$^... ^ # 1 ...>>:
+ ,
+ ! +

+ ... !.
- !
!:
/ may ...,

I should ...,

I neednt ... -

- , !!!
***

230

- !
- English

Word fo r word !
(= ):

=>

= 1 want

=> = I have no time

=> = I feel pain

= i m cold

=>

= i m afraid

=> ...

= i need ...

... => ...

= i need ...

...

.. . => ... = i dont need


... => ... = i dont need
... => ...

= i like ...

= i cant see!

=> !

! => !

= i cant hear!

...

=> ...

= i may ...

...

=> ...

= i may n o t...

.. . => ... = i should ...


... = ....= I should not
... = ...
/ should ...
... => ...
...

231

should n o t...

w
.
- ,

1

(dont / Does doesnt / Diddidnt / Willwont).

To

:
I d o n 't must ccD g you cart ...? !!!
:

I must not Can you


(.
not,
-Y
.
I mustwY. You caY ..
:
Can you ...? , Should s h e ...? .).

232

.
Do / does / didI -

!!!
!!!

..!

.
-

!!!:

I = !!!
- !!!
- / \
!
... - !!!. +5" - !!!
- !!!.

41.

/ 11F.1

( !)
^ .
.
I =
= - !!!
I will I !!!
( ..!).

:
I will + ))/// + have - = !!!
(8 have - !!!).

234

M UST
^ H A VE to .. . ,
C W - ^ B E A B L E to .., '
B E ALLO W E D ...
wilF

...

be

allow ed ...

have

able,

to ... - !

...
... - !,
be / have WAS! W ERE / H AD
!
***
NEEDN 'T '
!
, , : D O N 'T ] NEED t o ... !!!
d o e s n 't.
. didn't .
. w on't ..

!!!

42.
5

... ... (- ).
3

,
2 -
( ).

Must

...

( Have to ...
|
[ B e to ...
{ Should

: J

= ...
(- /).

...

( Ought to

...

).

236

.
m ust- !
...M U S T ... ! - ! !
must- - have :
have to + sleep! =
= () + !.
:
must- H A V E H ave ^ :
I haD to + ... = + ...,
... W IL L have to + ... !
= B E +
( . to !):
Vm to + go\, H es to + swim - be t o ... !
+ ... = SHOULD.

( \).

OUGHT to + ... !
- !

43.

,
/ ,


,
1 () ) !!!~|

.
,
,
,
/// ..!
,
,
> ? . . . - !:
,
+
\
Yesterday hesail) that he + WOULD come!
E xu dxm xu + WYH
\

I.

!:

-
( !)

. , ,
^.
***

II.

= I

2>

7 !

, !
- !

III.

.
) -:
1) + + !,
2) + + !.,
3) + + ! ...
- 3:

1
2
I + see + vou! !!!
(!).

(. . !!!);

, ..., ... ( .)
,
:

)
, ,
,
!!!

242

- !

!!!


- !!!;
***
+ !
.
+

! ...

... ! - !;
***


= !!!;

'

IV

4
( :
!).
-
.
( : ?
7) !
=
-
!
( = , = - !).
+ . . 262

244

= WITH B Y ' : ! !.
- !
!
!
- !
" ]' - ,
W ITH !
{?)

The book is + written only + B Y H I M ! =


+ + ! !
WITH that bloody P L O Y =

I was deceived +
=

+ ...
( ...)

with

wild

-
by
w ritten -
only

- gywiu

deceive ploy

=
= . .
=

=
ducviue =

V.

.
1) - \
/ + = ...,

'+

= ...:

M ake + abed -
M ake + a fire -
M ake + money -

= .
= .
= .

:
I + will m ake you + understand
+ +
+ +

this!
\
!;

* * *

2) have - :
/ + = ...,
HAVE
' + to +

= ...:

I + have + a lot of friends = + + .


+ + .

246

:
1+ have to + go! - + 2 tv + ! = + + ;
** *

3) will - wrn:
-

+ - =

will be + (-)^,

7/ + <io (etc.):

+ 6vdv + = I + will be + a good father.


:
+ 6vdv + = I + will + run -
***

4) wouldr - wyd:
i

+ - = would become +

' + = would + do ... (etc.) :


+ + = I + would become + a doctor.
+ wvd + .
:
+ + = I + would + buy houses.
+ wyd + .
***

247

.
4 :
" + : ,
+ = !!!
***

Have + = !,
Have + . : !!!:
***

2><) + - = Will be + -,
+ = Will + !
2 ,
"Will be English - !
***

+ =

+ - =

would + " !

would become + ...!


... im )

+ ...

VI.
!

7 F ...

//// !-/- ...,
... WERE ... - woe?
( w m )'.
? -

, ! ? ...:

I F ...,
WERE ... , ? ... tras ... !!!
:
/// + /-/- , ...
//'
I/he/she/it
+
WERE there, ...

//
+
WO&CB , ...

249

VII.

CCT7

...

99

...,


w l / shair !!!

.
:

...,

CLWiW !!!:
+ . ... =
IF + lie paintS1 me - ..!
+ , ... =
= IF lie + paintED me - A
! = ...
!

250

...

AND . . .

AND , AND
!

...

A N D ,
!

... ... !!!

IX.
!!!
:
hundred - = ,
thousand - = ,
million - =

billion - =

:
$ 500.000 = Five hundred) thousand) dollar?.
***

,

-,

:
= Thousand^ of guests.

252

.
, , /
, , ., ...
5 !!!
2 //-,
5 ,

!!!

X.

() , () ,
()
()

hundred,
million

thousand,

billion

...

0 - : ,
..:

.

!
,
- !
***

!

- !
***

255


XI.

+ ,

..

256

.

-
be :

,
=

=> 5 ...

-
!
be ,
.
Am / is / are / was / were / will -
,
, , ,
- ... - --!,

!:

= be anxious

(-) = be afraid (of)
( ...)
= be scared (of)
( ...)
= ..

257

..

= be in

..

= ..

= be out

= be exhausted

..

= be over

, = be aware (o f...)
^ ( ...)

= be back

, = be on

(-) = be in love with ...
wud ...

= be silent

..

= be able to
...
.. ...

= be about

= be nervous

..

= be late

, = be well away wii nvui

= be absent

= ..
= be away
3W3u
- ..
= be after

= be present

= ..
= be hungry

= ..
= be upset

= ..

= be jealous

= be

= be
= be
= be

.. . = be

= be
= be

= be

= be

...
()

= be
= be


= ..
angry

= ..
sorry for ...
...
sorry about . ...
in a hurry

= ..
crazy about.. . ...
= T.e.
in a hurry

hungry

= ..
thirsty
^
= . .
asleep

= ..
in for ...
...
tired

= ..

XII.


(I.)

(= ),
^ (II.) !!!:
II

, = -

0 1 -

(-)

- 3

= 01

(-)

= . -

V/ ! -

() - ! - () - ]

260

.
M INE -

!!!

M Y - !!!
M IN E , HER" H E R T
!!!
***

YOUR :
Read

M Y b o o k , !.

H IS ... - ..!

:
Ive read YOURS, so now take MINE}.
Read! - ! .
***
= M \ your,
His, her, our their \
= M ine, yours, h er \ theirs
-- !

w
XIII.

- ,

( )

. . . !!!

( , ,

- you,

to you - rv III).

+ =
= I will give him + ... - !
:
I will give + this book + to him !

?

(give) (you)
... ... - ..!

262

XIV.
T h e r e

is

...

th e r e

(= ..., ...,
... .)

There

t h e r e . . . .

...

h e r e .

!:

TH E RE I S + + .
TH ERE I S + + .
- !
.
***
1
2
- + ..
, , , ,
:
' + ... + > !
2
1

263

w
XV.

!, !

..,

Its +
( ..

ing-).

NB.
U

(It is / was / will be ... - . 244):

264

IT S

ing). , I T S 'inq\". I T S
I T S

/ ^!''.

stupid!, - .

! -

IT S

! ,

.
***
,
,
I ts rainingl I f s hailing!
.

,
: I ts snowing, !, .
***

265

. .
<
.

, ,

\

A M I IS I A R E =
W A S W ERE = !!!
WILL

BE

!!! - -- !!!

, ... , ....

, !
, !
, !
, !
- /*<? ,
/ ... ...
English: '., !
English
/!
(!):
: T tf Y say ..: 77 write ... !!!:
/ . () - !
/ ()
/)!
TH EY sav / w ife
(that) he is
mad!

267

,
,

( !),

.
:
1. UN+ = -...

(.: f/Miappy" - = /);


2. .+LESS = -. ../ - . . .

(.: heartless - = ):
3.

+ V' = -
(.: windF - / = ):

4. Onpedenenue+LY' = -

(.: tender/.F - = );
5. .+FUL - = - , - .

268

Grammar -
{ ...).
,
...
True -> , cloud -> clo u d F - !:
Brain brain LESS, bright b rig h t! Y
- ..!
,
,
2
IV.

&
269

1.

- - U N - \

2.

-
-

3.

LESS !

.- >
!
! -

4.

+ F !!!

-
... - . ,

5.

-I F !!!

+ ???
C4T +. ???

+ - C4T ???
- .-

-I L L

!!!


1
Popular

- - - .
Tie

2.
Thought

thought/lSS1 -

3.
Cloud

cloudy -

4
Eager

eagerly -

5.
Thought

thought/ / -

271



( !) .- - 19 !,
- 3 !:
MY
YOUR
HIS
HER
ITS
OUR

1.

THEIR
NO
ANY
SOME
THE

AN/A
THIS
THAT

2. .

, .

EVERY
SUCH A
SUCH
THESE

3. .

THOSE
272

. .

- .
, (II)

:
I:

II:

=
=

.:

I wasborn -

= , = Stronger

than me.

= + !
=
Let
him + do
it
... = ...
= I have ...
= ... = Ive got ...
... = ...
= has ...
= ... = e'sgot
? - , ...
No, I DIDN'T DO th a t...
= = I was punished -
= = was offender/ -
1
2
= .
=
My mother's

flat.

, = + ^-).
I want + to be rewarded.
puwoodud
= + +
=
I + will be +

.
an artist - aamucm

... = {) ...
= I ///
be able {to) ...
273

... = {) + (-) ...


I have
+ bought ... -
= + + .
=
I +
should
+ go.
= 1) + + .
=
IV/ like to
+ eat an apple;
2) + + .
I +
should
+ eat an apple.
= = I was told ... -
= = I want (to) ...
... = / ...
I
like (to) ... -


7 - .

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

first
second
third
fifth
eighth
ninth
twelfth
***

274

Qmed


.

( ,

,

- ):

bet
(bet, bet,)
burst (burst, burst)
cast (cast, cast)
cost (cost, cost)
cut
(cut, cut)
hit
(hit, hit)
hurt (hurt, hurt)
knit (knit, knit)
let
(let, let)
put
(put, put)
quit (quit, quit)
rid
(rid, rid)*
set
(set, set)
shed (shed, shed)*
shred (shred, shred)*
shut (shut, shut)
slit
(slit, slit)*
split (split, slplit)
spread (spread, spread)
sweat (sweat, sweat)
thrust (thrust, thrust)*

6(/ecm

x(/em

Kwnm
pud

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

; ()

* .
275



( )

2- 3-
(1- - 27 ).

NB. ,
2- - ,
3- - () ,
.

?
)

, 2- 3-
I .


:
bleed
breed
feed
lead
speed
+1
have
(
)

(bled, bled) - ()
(bred, bred) - ()
(fed, fed)
()
(led, led)
()
(sped, sped) - ()

(had, had) - ()
=
ve +);

-l - -
bend
build
lend
send
spend

=
=
=
=
=

(bent, bent)
(built, built)
(lent, lent)
(sent, sent)
(spent, spent)

>

-
-
-
-
-

276

:
()
()
()
()
()

=
=
=
=
=

-I 2- 3- !

-I
,


,


( \\\):
burn (burnt, burnt) - () =
creep (crept, crept) - () =
deal (dealt, dealt) - ()
= ...

dwell (dwelt, dwelt) - (<) = ,


(felt, felt)
feel
() =
- ()
= ()
keep (kept, kept)
= ;
kneel (knelt, knelt) - ()

mean (meant, meant) - () =

meet (met, met)
= (-)
()
shoot (shot, shot)
- ()
=
sleep (slept, slept) - () =
smell (smelt, smelt) - () = ,
spell (spelt, spelt) - () =

- () = (-),
spill (spilt, spilt)
(-)
sweep (swept, swept) - cwmin () = ,
weep (wept, wept) - wnun () = .

277



2- 3-
(2- - 18 + 6 ).

?
)

,
2- 3- -I

( ):

1- . : 2- . = 3- .\
cling
dig
fight
find
grind
hold
say

(clung, clung)
(dug, dug)
(fought, fought) (found, found)
(ground, ground) (held, held)
(said, said)
(
sell
(sold, sold)
( T
shine (shone, shone)
sit
(sat, sat)
slide (slid, slid)
spin (spun, spun)

stand
stick
sting
swing
win
wind

()
()
( )
()
()
()
()

=
=
=
=
=
=

> )

() =
+</)
()
=

()
=
()
=

{)

(stood, stood)

(stuck, stuck)

(stung, stung)

(swung, swung) -
(won, won)
WUH
(wound, wound) - wa

278

()
()
()
{cwam)
(//)
(waytid)

=
=
=
=
=

;
(-)

;
;

)
-I -
2- =
3- =
.

1- .

?
-I - ,
- !.
2-3-
> - ^ = -:
bring (brought, brought) - (i) -
(bought, bought) -
buy
() -
catch (cought, cought) - (.) ;
, ;
seek (sought, sought) - () =
teach (taught, taught)
- () = ,
think (thought, thought) - () = .

219

( 2- 3- - 56 ):
)

3 ?
I
! - 3-
:

become (became, become) - (, ) =


-

come
run

- (, ) = ,
- (, ) = , ;

(came, )
(ran, run)

I ?
,
2- - + /),
3- - = +::

lade
mow
rive
saw
shave
show
sow
strew
swell

(laded, laden)
(mowed, mown)
(rived, riven)
(sawed, sawn)
(shaved, shaven)
(showed, shown)
(sowed, sown)
(strewed, strewn)
(swelled, swollen)

coo

ui'v
coy
cmpyy
cwm

(, )
{Movd, )
(, )
(, )
(, )
(, )
(, )
(anpyvd, )
(, )

280

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

{)
()

()

)
!
arise
be
bear
bear
beat
begin
blow
break
choose
do
draw
drive

- (, ) =
(/, ) =
was/were, been) - fimi
-
(, )
= ()
bore, bom)
-
(, )
= ,
bore, borne)
beat, beaten)
- {, )
=
began, begun)
- (, ) =
arose, arisen)

blew, blown)
broke, broken)
chose, chosen)
did, done)
drew, drawn)
drove, driven)

(, )
=
- {, ) =

=
=
~
- (, )
=
- (, ) =
~

(, )
(, )

()

;
;
()

eat
fall

ate, eaten)

= ,
=

(, )

fell, fallen)

fly

flew, flown)

(, )
(, \)

forbear
forget
freeze
give

forbore, forborne) (, ) =
forgot, forgotten) (, ) = ()

go*
grow
know
lie
ride
ring
rise
see
shake
sing
slay

froze, frozen)
gave, given)
went*, gone)

- (#013, ) =
-
(, )
= ()
~
-

(, )

= ;

(, )

knew, known)
lay, lain)

-
-

(}\ )
(, )

rode, ridden)

(), )
(,)

= ()

rang, rang)
rose, risen)

-
-

(, )
(, )

= ()

saw, seen)
shook, shaken)
sang, sung)

(, )

slew, slain)

(, )

= ()

grew, grown)

=
=
= ,

- (, ) =

281

speak (spoke, spoken)

- CHUUK (ciiwk , ) =

spring (sprang, sprung)


steal (stole, stolen)

- , )
- {, ) = ()

stink

(, ) =

(stank, stunk)

stride (strode, stridden) - (i, ) =


strive (strove, striven)
swear (swore, sworen)
swim (swam, swum)

(, ) =
>

(cwoo,

- cwmi

(cwoai, cws)

(took, taken)

(, )

= ,

(tore, tom)

(, )

throw (threw, thrown)


wear (wore, worn)
weave (wove, woven)

-
-

(), )

(woo,

= ()

- wmie

(wove, ^)

write (wrote, written)

pawn

(),)

= ().

take
tear

cwooh)

wooh)

=
=

* :
2- go
(= went - wmm = )
- wettd', - ! - , (. . 92)!
70%
, /
.

282

( .
! - 29 ).
, , ,

2- 3- (. ).

- !
, - - !,
- ()
- !
1-
:
( )

awake

2-
)'.

( .

3-
{ ) .

awoke

awaked/awoke

= ;

bid/bade

bid/bidden

bind

bound

bound/bounden*

'()

, '

bit

bit /bitten

bid

bite

283

cleave

clave/cleft
,

cleft

dare
<)

dared/durst
,

dared
)

dream

dreamed/dreamt dreamed/dreamt
,
,

drink

drank

drunk/drunken
,

get

got

got/gotten*
,

grave

graved

graved/graven*
,

hang

hanged/hung
,

hanged/hung
,

hide

hid

hid/hidden*
,

lean

leaned/leant
,

leaned/leant
,

learn

learned

learned/learnt*
,

light

lighted/lit
,

lighted/lit
,

melt

melted

melted/molten*
,

284

owe

= owed/ought
a y e ),

sy

oom

owed
ot'd

quit
Kwum

quitted/quit
Kwnmud, Kwnm

quitted/quit
Kwnmud, K w w n

rot
pom

rotted
pom ud

rotted/rotten*
pomud, ponm

seethe
cuud

=
{)

seethed
cuudd

seethed/sodden
cuudd, codh

sew

sewed
cbwryd

sewed/sewn*
C M O ye), C7>KH7/

shrank
UlhpXIlK

shrunk/shrunken*
uibpaHK, uibpaHKH

sink
CUHK

sank
CBSHK

sunk/sunken*
cahK, cuhkh

spit
cnum

spit/spat
cnum, ensem

enzsm

spoil
cnowi

spoiled/spoilt
cnoiuid, cnoiuim

spoiled/spoilt
cnoiuid, cnoiuim

strike

struck
crnpaK

struck/stricken*
crnpaK, cmpuKH

thrived/throve
Opaiied, Qpgye

thrived/thriven
Opaiied, Opaifin

trod
mpod

trod/trodden
mpod, mpodn

shrink

thrive

tread
mpuud

285

spat

w ork
w'ioK

worked/wrought worked/wrought.
wfRceim, poo 111

wwceKm, pooni

* , ,

,

:
)

A SU NKEN

ship

= .

A LEARNT

scholar = .

WROUGHT iron

= ;

) ' ,
:
An horror-STRTCKEN man = , OXRA

.
( - -),

286

( ):
abide
(abode, abode)

-
()

beget
(begot, begotten)

-
(, )

behold
(beheld, beheld)

-
()

beseech
(besought, besought)

-
(i)

chide
(chid, chid/chidden)

-
(, /)

fling
(flung, flung)

-
()

forsake
(forsook, forsaken)

-
(, )

gild
(gilded, gilded/gilt*)

-
(, /)

gird
(girded/girt, girt)

-
(/, )

hew
-
(hewed, hewed/hewn*)
(), /)

ken**
(kent, kent)

-
(;)
287

rend
(rent, rent)

()

shear
(sheared, sheared/shorn*)

(, //)

sling
(slung, slung)

()

slink
(slunk, slunk)

-
()

smite
(smote, smit/smitten)

lUhWj

(, /)

( )

stave

(staved/stove, staved/stove) (, move)

string
(strung, strung)

()

wend**
(went, went)


()

wring
(wrung, wrung)

()

().

* 3-
:
** ,
/ '\venf'
2- ^ .

288

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