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Address abroad: Logos Editorial Staff. Dr. Nikolaj Plotnikov
Institut fr Philosophie Ruhr-Universitt Bochum
D -44780 Bochum. Germany. nikolaj.plotnikov@rub. de
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ISSN 0869-5377



, 2012
http://www.iep.ru/


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.
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19 2012
. .

P. S. , ,

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307

/ Summaries

. -
: , , -, , ,
.
, -
. - , , - , . , , .
.
-, , , , . , . ,
,
, (power-based resourcism).
Ian Shapiro. On Non-Domination
Keywords: justice, domination, non-domination, freedom, equality, resourcism.
The article defends a view of non-domination as providing a better basis for
justice than the going alternatives. I differentiate it from two kinds of alternatives: those whose proponents reject my claim that non-domination is the bedrock of justice and those who agree with me but understand non-domination
differently than I do. The first group divides into partisans of equality, on the
one hand, and of freedom, on the other. Their arguments concern me in the
first half of the essay. Then the conceptions of non-domination put forward
by Jrgen Habermas, Michel Foucault, Michael Walzer, Quentin Skinner, and
Philip Pettit are examined. There is considerable overlap among these various
views and between them and authors position, but there are also notable disagreements. It spells what is at stake in the alternative formulations, indicating why conception offered, rooted in power-based resourcism, is preferable.
. ( )
: , , , , , , , , .
.

308

[88] 2012

(), . , ,
,
.
() , .
B oris Kapustin. Changing Connections between Capitalism and Democracy, in
Russia and Worldwide
Keywords: capitalism, democracy, justice, rationality, mode of production, oppression,
resistance of the oppressed, world system, center and periphery.
The essay explores the distinctions between two major flaws of contemporary Russian democracy imperfection and dysfunctionality. While the former notion refers to the violations of democracy as a method (alluding to
Schumpeter) the latter one describes democracys uncoupling from social justice. In contrast to imperfection, democracys dysfunctionality manifests itself as a worldwide tendency driven by democracys subjugation to a new type
of capitalism which we call financialized capitalism. Its huge strides toward
maturity have been recently evidenced by the so-called global financial crisis.
The essay aspires to delineate the crucial features of financialized capitalism
and to show its divergence from both Max Webers rational (modern) capitalism and Karl Marxs model of capitalism as a mode of production.
, . : ?
: , , , , , , , .
. .
,
. ,
, .
Jrgen Habermas, Francis Fukuyama. The European Citizen: Just a Myth?
Keywords: Europe, European Union, crisis, democracy, elites, global threats, legitimacy, human rights.
The interview discusses the most recent book by Jurgen Habermas The Crisis of the European Union: A Response. Habermas considers the possibility
of re-founding the EU not as a technocratic elite-driven issue but as a result
of public debates with larger participation of the citizens. He believes that the
history of conflicts and reconciliations shared by European people, as well as
the current economic crisis, may well serve as a resource for constructing a
common political culture.
.
: , , , ,
.
, . -

309

, vs . , . . ,
. . , . , .
, . , -,
( !) .
L ionel G ossman. The Idea of Europe
Keywords: Model of Europe, european unity, federation, state, Pan-Europeanism.
Even if its constituent members still define particular positions and pursue at
times somewhat independent policies, the EU acts increasingly in important
areas as the unified federal state many have long wanted it to be. It may have
come into being in response to practical problems, and pragmatic considerations are likely to ensure its continued consolidation, but its most committed
champions have also presented it as the realization of an idea, as a longstanding project finally fulfilled. What is the idea that a federal European state can
claim to embody or represent or be animated by? How well do the various versions of the idea that have been articulated so far fit the current and emerging reality of the EU ? The article focuses on the pan-European movement that
emerged after the unprecedented destruction of World War I.
.
: , , , ,
.
, . ,
. - , .

, , .
Dmitry Kralechkin. Reproduction of the State in Conditions Unbearable for its
Citizens
Keywords: Sartre, group-in-fusion, revolution, Furet, revolutionary urbanism.
In the article, revolution is considered as a subject of philosophical
reconstruction demonstrating that revolution as an event is constituted by
the State itself. The basic example is the account of the French Revolution by
Jean-Paul Sartre who presented revolutionary movements and uprisings in
Paris as moments of dialectical transition from seriality to group-in-fusion.
Then the logic of Sartre is juxtaposed with a historical and theoretical account
given by Franois Furet so as to make some conclusions about reproducing the
State in revolution. City-based revolutions still refer to the Medieval notion of
politics as a science of the City which prevailed before the raison dtat,
and this is one of their fundamental limitations.

310

[88] 2012

.
1848
: , 1848, , , , , ,
, .
- , 1848.
- , 1848. - ,
. : 1. 1848
( ),
. 2. 1848 , ( )

III . 3. ,

, , 1848, ,
1789; .
Craig Calhoun. Classical Social Theory and the French Revolution of 1848
Keywords: French Revolution, the year 1848, capitalism, bourgeois democracy, class
struggle, social theory, Auguste Comte, Alexis de Tocqueville, Carl Marx.
Three of the classic founding fathers of sociology (Comte, Marx and Tocqueville) were contemporary observers of the French Revolution of 1848. In addition, another important theoretical tradition was represented in contemporary observations of 1848 by Pierre-Joseph Proudhon. The present paper summarizes aspects of the views of these theoretically minded observers, notes some
points at which more recent historical research suggests revisions to these classical views, and poses three arguments: (1) The revolution of 1848 exerted a direct shaping influence on classical social theory through lessons (some now subject to revision) learned from observation of the revolutionary struggles. (2) The
1848 revolution influenced classical social theory indirectly by contributing to
the submergence of the radical French revolutionary tradition (along with utopian socialism) after the defeat of the June insurrectionaries and Bonapartes coup.
(3) Both writers in the classical tradition and current researchers have failed to
thematize adequately a basic transformation in effectiveness of national integration, communication and administration which made 1848 in crucial ways much
more akin to 1789 than it was direct evidence for the growth of class struggle and
the likelihood of further revolution in advanced capitalist countries.
.
: , , , , , .

.

311

, , :
, , - . . ,
, ,
. , 8090- XX
,
. ,
.
Vladimir Mau. A Break in Continuity
Keywords: revolutionary politics, post-communist transformation, replacement of elites,
property, default, inflationary politics.
The paper describes in a comparative perspective the dynamics and main phases of revolution from the point of view of economics. It analyses the dynamics of the revolutionary processes as well as the economic policy, which revolutionary governments are to proceed: inflationary financing, redistribution
of property, monetary issue etc. The author argues that revolutions cause the
expansion of transaction costs and the economic slowdown as a result. He
demonstrates that the Russian transformation of the late 1980s early 1990s
generally actuates the same economic policy mechanisms as during the great
revolutions of the past. However there is a specificity in it this was the first
full-scale revolution to take place under the circumstances of the crisis of industrialism and the transfer to post-industrial society.
.
: , ,
, , , , , , , , , , , .

.
, , , /
. , , ,
. ,
, .
.
Alexander Bikbov. Representation and Self-Empowerment
Keywords: street manifestations, political protest, political representation, self-empowerment, revolutionary break, subjectivity, social classes, parties and parliament,

312

[88] 2012

political hegemony, direct democracy, common interest, utopia, sociological


interview, social movements research.
The article introduces the forms of political and social representation which
were specific to the recent Russian civil protests. The analysis is based on numerous interviews with protesters and observation of evolution of the movement. The data put in to question the frequently referenced crisis of representation and bring to light a variety of coordination centers set in competition for a political mandate of the protest movement, as far as a vague will of a
considerable part of protesters to be represented. Media coverage of the street
rallies, including their global attribution to a middle class, is critically examined along with the protesters own statements and rallies agenda, in order to
check the presence of an actual social or revolutionary representation. The article reveals the way a break with apparatus and hegemonic models of collective action realized in current mobilization provides it with new (inthe Russian context) forms of political subjectivity based on self-empowerment and
self-test. Non-trivial international comparisons are used in order to specify typological features of the Russian case.
.
: , , , , , , .
?
? ,
? , ,
, ?
.
Eric Selbin. Magical Realism of the Revolution
Keywords: capitalism, revolution, political science, magical realism, Jack Goldstone,
neo-liberal democracy, colour revolutions.
How do revolutions happen? Do they happen at all? Or do they just take place?
Why is the theory of revolution especially topical in the Western countries
that usually surprise external observers with apparent well-being? Does studying the countrys culture matter for understanding why the revolution happened or didnt happen, and why the revolution took exactly the path it did?
All these questions are addressed to Eric Selbin, one of the leading contemporary theorists of revolution.
.
: , , , , ,
, , .

, 2008. , ,
. . , , -

313

,
. , ,
.
B oris Mezhuev. Away from the Equality and Freedom
Keywords: revolution, freedom, secularization, equality, DNA helix, political development, end of history, new inequality.
The article gives a polemical response to Boris Kapustins critic of the ideas discussed in the volume The Concept of Revolution in the Contemporary Political Discourse, published in 2008 by the Aleteia publishing house. For Kapustin all the revolutions develop according to their own logic, all of them have
their own origin and their own unpredictable end. The most serious disadvantage of the volume according to the philosopher is that its authors pay inadequate attention to the problem of freedom. The article proves that freedom
is not something that man acquires when he becomes a part of the Revolution
at its start. Becoming a revolutionary, he calls on the most powerful force in
the history to help, relying on its triumph.
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B oris Kapustin. A Controversy on Revolution: Methodological Crossroads
Keywords: revolution, philosophy of history, historical sociology, event, freedom, equality, legitimacy (de-) legitimation, democracy democratization, Hegel, Tocqueville, Marxism.
The essay focuses on the contrasts between philosophy of history and historical sociology as modes of theoretical thinking and in their application to the
phenomenon of revolution in particular. In the first place, these contrasts are
disclosed as an opposition between meta- and trans-historical principles of
organization of history typical of (all versions of) philosophy of history and
the category of event, characteristic of historical sociology, which allows
the historization of the laws of history along with the properties of historical time. A projection of these contrasts onto freedom and equality reveals
the differences between their existence as practices (ofliberation and of resistance to inequality) described by historical sociology and as ideas construed
by philosophy of history.

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[88] 2012

/ Authors


.
.
: (1986),
(1999), (.: , 2009), (.:
, 2011).
Ian Shapiro is a Sterling Professor of Political Science and Director of the MacMillan Center at Yale University. He is known primarily for interventions in debates on democracy and on methods of conducting social science research.
His most important books include The Evolution of Rights in Liberal Theory
(1986), Democratic Justice (1999), The Flight From Reality in the Human
Sciences (2005), The Real World of Democratic Theory (2010). E-mail: ian.
shapiro@yale.edu.

(), . (1998),
(2000), (2004),
(2010), (2011) .
B oris Kapustin is a senior research fellow at the Institute of Philosophy of the
Russian Academy of Sciences, senior lecturer at Yale University (USA ), teaches political philosophy. He is the author of Modernity as a Subject of Political Philosophy (1998), Ideology and Politics in Postcommunist Russia
(2000), Moral Choices in Politics (2004), A Critique of Political Philosophy (2010), Citizenship and Civil Society (2011), etc. E-mail: boriskapustin1951@gmail.com.
.
(1962), (1981) . 2012
.
Jrgen Habermas is a prominent German philosopher and sociologist. Author of
the books The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere (1962), The
Theory of Communicative Action (1981) and many others. In 2012 he published The Crisis of the European Union: A Response.
, . (.: , 2005), (.: , 2006),
(.: , 2008). , . E-mail:
f.fukuyama@stanford.edu.

315

Yoshihiro Francis Fukuyama is an American political scientist, political economist, and author. He is the author of the book The End of History and the
Last Man (1992), Trust: Social Virtues and Creation of Prosperity (1995),
America at the Crossroads: Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy (2006). He is a Senior Fellow at the Center on Democracy, Development
and the Rule of Law at Stanford University.
-
. . , ,
. ,
Between History and Literature (1990), Basel in the Age of Burckhardt:
A Study in Unseasonable Ideas (2000), Brownshirt Princess: A Study of the
Nazi Conscience (2009), Future Books (2010) .
L ionel G ossman is a Scottish-American scholar of French literature. He taught
Romance Languages at Johns Hopkins University and Princeton University,
and has written extensively on the history, theory and practice of historiography, and more recently, on aspects of German cultural history. Author of the
books Between History and Literature (1990), Basel in the Age of Burckhardt: A Study in Unseasonable Ideas (2000), Brownshirt Princess: A Study
of the Nazi Conscience (2009), Future Books (2010), etc. E-mail: lgossman@princeton.edu.
, , ,
. :
(.: , 2012).
Michail Maiatsky is a philosopher and historian of philosophy, professor at the
HSE (Higher School of Economics), member of the editorial board of the journal Logos. He is the author of The Controversy over Plato: The Circle of Stefan George and the German University (2012). E-mail: mmaiatsky@gmail.com.
, . ( ) EuroOntology (2001), (2010). ,
Censura.ru.
Dmitry Kralechkin holds a PhD in philosophy and is an independent scholar and
translator. He is the author (with Andrey Ushakov) of EuroOntology (2001),
The End of Censorship (2010). He is a coordinator at the Moscow College of
Philosophy, founder and contributing editor of the philosophical site Censura.
ru. E-mail: kralechkin@gmail.com.
, , , , . 1 2012 , , ,
.
, (.: , 2006), Critical Social Theory (1995) The Roots of Radicalism (2012).
Craig Calhoun is a world-renowned social scientist whose work connects sociology to culture, communication, politics, philosophy and economics. He took

316

[88] 2012

up his post as LSE Director on 1 September 2012, having left the United States
where he was University Professor at New York University and director of the
Institute for Public Knowledge and President of the Social Science Research
Council. He is the author of several books including Nationalism (1997),
Critical Social Theory (1995), and The Roots of Radicalism (2012).
, , , .

, . 20 600 ,
.
.
Vl adimir Mau is an economist, political figure, doctor of economics, professor.
Rector of the Russian presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, member of the Council of Economic Advisers to the President of the Russian Federation. He has published more than 20 books and
over 600 articles in Russian and a number of European countries. He is editor-in-chief of the journal Ekonomicheskaya politika (Economic Policy).
E-mail: rector@ane.ru.
, ,
. : , ,
,
, .
, , ,
.
Alexander Bikbov is a sociologist, member of the editorial board of the journal
Logos, deputy director of the Centre for Contemporary Philosophy and Social Sciences at Moscow State University. His latest publications are focused on
the patterns of social order and perception of inequalities, international educational reforms and academic policies, political strategies of intellectuals, sociology of social sciences and philosophy in Russia and France, study of Russian protest manifestations. Editor of article collections and special issues on
time and space in social theory, sociology of philosophical knowledge, infractions of social order, philosophy and social sciences in contemporary France.
E-mail: abikbov@gmail.com.
-
( ). , , , - . , Modern Latin American Revolutions
(1999) Revolution, Resistance, and Rebellion: The Power of Story (2010).
Eric Selbin is a professor of political science at Southwestern University (United States of America). His research interests are in the areas of resistance, rebellion, and revolution, theories of revolution, and socio-political change. He
is the author of Modern Latin American Revolutions (1999) and Revolution, Resistance, and Rebellion: The Power of Story (2010). E-mail: eselbin@
southwestern.edu.

317

, , .. . , Terra
America, . (2008).
B oris Mezhuev is a political scientist, historian of Russian philosophy, assistant professor of the department of philosophy at the Moscow State University, co-editor of the web-site Terra America, member of the editorial board of the journals
Polis and Solovievskie issledovania. He is the author of the book The Political Critique by Vadim Tsymbursky (2012). E-mail: borismezhuev@yandex.ru.

318

[88] 2012

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