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38.02.07
( 1610 23 2016 .)



2017


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www.phoenixbooks.ru

2 811.111(075.32)

81.292
8032
23

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23 
/ . . . / : , 2017. 347,
[1] . ( ).
ISBN 978-5-222-27831-4

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ISBN 978-5-222-27831-4

811.111(075.32)
81.292

. ., 2016
: , 2016


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www.phoenixbooks.ru




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English alphabet
( )

Aa

[eI]

Nn

[en]

Bb

[bJ]

Oo

[ou]

[sJ]

Pp

[pi:]

Dd

[di:]

Qq

[kju:]

[J]

Rr

[R]

Ff

[ef]

Ss

[es]

Gg

[GJ]

Tt

[ti:]

Hh

[eIC]

Uu

[ju:]

Ii

[aI]

Vv

[vi:]

Jj

[GeI]

Ww

['dAblju:]

Kk

[keI]

Xx

[eks]

LI

[el]

Yy

[waI]

Mm

[em]

Zz


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[zed]
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, , 
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[R] , []. 

[O] , [].
[O:], 
[R], 
[O]
[L] [].
[L], 
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[L]

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[o] , [] []
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[p] []
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[m] []
[w] , ,
[], ,

[f]
[v]

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[T] ( )


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[D] ( )
[s] []
[z] []
[t] [], ,
[d] [], ,
[n] []
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1.
.

. , [SIp] ,
[Si:p] .
2.
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: [bxg] , [bxk] .
3. .

a, e, i, o, u, y

a, e, i, o, u, y 
:
( );
;
,
.

I


he, she, me

I
-
, e
make, note, time

II


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sit, but, test

a, e, i, o, u, y



II
III

IV

(
)

+ r
(
)

+ re
(
)

Aa

[eI]
plate

[x]
lamp

[R]
car

[Fq]
share

[q]
ago

Ee

[J]
we

[e]
ten

[W]
her

[iq]
here

[q] [I]
absent forest

Ii
Yy

[aI]
fine
byte

[I]
bit
mystic

[W]
girl

[aIq]
fire
tyre

[I]
music
copy

Uu

[jH]
tube

[A]
cut

[W]
turn

[juq]
cure

[q]
[jH]
success
unite

Oo

[ou]
bone

[O]
not

[L]
short

[L]
more

[q]
[ou]
confer retro

ch

[C]

chair

sh

[S]

she

th

[T]

thin

th

[D]

this

wh
wh

[w]
[h]

what
who

ng

[N]

long

ck

[k]

lock


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10

igh
kn
wr
gn

[aI]
[n]
[r]
[n]

high light
know
write
sign

[], [i:]
[ ]
[I] 
: 
[] , 
[i]: it, sit, in.
[i:]
[i:] 
, ,
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[] , , ,
[i:].
, [i:]. , meet,
peat.
.
: feet () fit (), steel
() still ( ).
Exercise A [ ], [i:]
lead lid
beat bit
kill keel
did deed

pit peat
it eat
mill meal
steel still


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11

Exercise
be been bean
see seat seed
pea Pete peat
bee been feet
meet meat ill
bean bin
pill peel
sit seat
feel fill

fit feet
lid lead
fit feat
me meet meat
meal seal mean
sea see meet
mean lean keen
bill steel feel

Exercise
I see a sea. I see lean meat. I eat meat. I like meat.
I like tea. I make tea. I take tea. I like fine tea. I like
fine meals.
[e], [x]
[e]
[] 
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[x]
[x] 
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Exercise A
[x]
am Ann lamp
man can cat

sat hat bat


Pat rat cam


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12

Exercise
[x] [e]
tan ten
bad bed

tanned tent
man men

Exercise
man men
bat bet
let met
pan pen
land lend
fan fen
pat pet
[R], [A], [Fq], [eI]
[R]
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[A]
[A] 
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[Fq]

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[q]
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13

[eI]
[eI] [e],
[I].
, , 
, 
[],
[].
Exercise A
r far bar
half calf bath
part park fart
cart barter shark
spark bath mark
park raft plant
Exercise
Mary air pair
fare fair hair
care dare rare
Exercise
tape hate bate
late fate rate
pain name day
lay hay Ray
mate plate Kate
brave maple main
date may pay
Exercise D
us bus
must sum
sun hunt
tub mud
humble tumble
trust lust


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14

[u:], [u]
[u:]
[u:]
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, []: moon.
[u]
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: soon , , moon
: book , [u].
[u]
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, , 
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hook
look
,
[u]
put
pull
push
full
Exercise A
too tooth food
boot fool foot
Exercise
took shook book
hook look cook

soon spoon tooth


boot mood shook


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195

Education in Great Britain. English Universities.


. .
What is ATM? Commercial banks.

TEXT 1
EDUCATION IN GREAT BRITAIN
At what age do children go to school in Britain?
Children in Britain go to school at the age of 5 (4 in
Northern Ireland) until they are 16. Before school many
children attend nursery schools. Some parents send their
children to private (paid) nursery schools or kinder
gartens. Children first attend the infants school until
they are 7 years old. At 7 they move to the junior school
and at 11 (12 in Scotland) children go from junior to
secondary school.
What are the different types of secondary schools?
Over 85% of secondary school pupils attend
comprehensive schools. These schools take children of
all abilities and give secondary education for children
from the age of 11 to 16 or 18.
Grammar schools give academic education for the
children from 11 to 18years old. Children enter
grammar schools on the basis of their abilities, first
passing the elevenplus examination.
A small minority of children attends secondary
modern schools, which give a more general and technical
education for children aged 1116.
City Technology Colleges (CTCs) give boys and girls
strong technological and business education. They are
nonfeepaying
independent
schools, set up by the


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196

Government with the help of business sponsors who


finance the schools. There are now 15 such colleges in
England and Wales.
Specialist schools, which only operate in England, give
pupils a broad secondary education in technology,
languages, arts or sports. There are over 250 specialist
schools. They charge no fees.
What are public schools?
7% of all schoolchildren in England and 4% in Scotland
go to independent school sector that is separate from the
state educational system. Parents of pupils attending
public schools can afford to pay for their education, and in
some cases fees can be several thousand pounds a year.
About 250 of the larger independent schools are
known for historical reasons as public schools. Eton,
which was founded in 1440, is the first grammar school
called a public school because pupils could come to it
from any part of England.

nursery ['nq:sqrI] school = infant ['Infqnt] school


,
kindergarten ['kIndq"gRt(q)n]
paid [peId]
junior school ['Gu:njq]
to attend
comprehensive school ['kOmprI'hensIv] 

abilities [q'bIlqtIz]
secondary education
secondary school
grammar school
public school 


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GRAMMAR TESTS

303

GRAMMAR TESTS
Present and past

1.1. I ____ a book when I heard a noise outside.


A was reading B read C will read
1.2. I dont understand this word. What ____?
A does mean this word B does this word mean
C means this word
1.3. Peter ____ abroad several times a year.
A is going usually B is usually going C usually goes
1.4. How ____ now? Are you better?
A you are feeling B are feeling C are you feeling
1.5. They went fishing but they ____ catch anything.
A didnt B I dont C doesnt
1.6. Mike ____ while we were away.
A phoned B was phoning C has phoned
Present perfect and past

2.1. Jane is on holiday. She ____ to Italy.


A is gone B has gone C has been
2.2. Everything is going well. We ____ any problems
so far.
A didnt have B dont have C havent had
2.3. Mary has lost her keys again. This ____ the
second time.
A has happened B happens C happened
D is happening

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318

ADDITIONAL READING
10 LARGEST BANKS IN THE WORLD
1. Industrial & Commercial Bank of China,
ICBC (China)

The Beijing based ICBC Bank became public and has


investors preference in the emerging China market.
ICBC offers a wide range of personal and corporate
banking services which include loan, deposit, credit
card, underwriting, and trading.
ICBC was listed simultaneously on two exchanges
the Shanghai Stock Exchange and Hong Kong Stock
Exchange in 2006, making it the first and only company
to do so. ICBC has won numerous awards from various
international magazines including Bankers, Global
Finance, The Assets and Finance Asia.
Market capitalization US$277.514 billion.
2. Bank of America (US)

Bank of America (BoA) has now taken over Citibank


as the biggest commercial bank in the United States by
market cap and deposits. Started in California, BoA then
grew its operation to Washington, and soon began a rapid
expansion nationally and internationally.
In the process of getting where they are today, the
bank has gone through good and bad times. In late 1980s
BoA suffered huge loss as a result of nonperforming
loan. Now the bank retains its position in the second spot.
Market capitalization US$195.933 billion.

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342


1-

2-

3-
II

4-
I

to be

was/were

been

being

to bear

bore

born

bearing

to beat

beat

beaten

beating

to begin

began

begun

beginning

()

to bend

bent

bent

bending

to bind

bound

bound

binding

to bite

bit

bitten/bit

biting

to blow

blew

blown

blowing

to break

broke

broken

breaking

to bring

brought

brought

bringing

to build

built

built

building

to buy

bought

bought

buying

to catch

caught

caught

catching

to choose

chose

chosen

choosing

to cut

cut

cut

cutting

to dive

dived/dove

dived

diving

to do

did

done

doing

to draw

drew

drawn

drawing

to drink

drank

drunk

drinking

to drive

drove,

driven

driving

to eat

ate

eaten

eating

to fall

fell

fallen

falling

to feel

felt

felt

feeling

to feed

fed

fed

feeding

to fight

fought
fought
fighting
,

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346

KEYS TO TESTS
Present and past
1.1. A
1.2. B
1.3.
1.4. C
1.5. A
1.6. A

Present perfect and past


2.1. B
2.2. C
2.3. A
2.4. C
2.5. A
2.6. B
2.7. A
2.8. D
2.9. A
2.10.A
2.11. C
2.12. A
2.13. C
2.14. C
2.15. D
2.16. C

Conditional sentences
(If and wish)
5.1. B
5.2. C
5.3. B
5.4. D
5.5. A

Passive Voice
6.1. C
6.2. B
6.3. D
6.4. A
6.5. C
6.6. C
6.7. A

Future
3.1. B
3.2. A
3.3. C
3.4. AC
3.5. B
3.6. C
3.7 A

Questions and auxiliary


verbs
7.1 C
7.2 A
7.3. D
7.4. A
7.5. B

Modal verbs
4.1. C
4.2. B
4.3. A
4.4. A

4.5. B
4.6. C
4.7. B
4.8. C
4.9. A
4.10. D
4.11. A
4.12. C

Articles and nouns

8.1. B
8.2. A
8.3. BC
8.4. B

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1500 .

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