Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 11

, means "my", means "me".

In russian language
we have a thing called "" so every object has its "". Book
() is a female in our language so it will be " ",
tea() is male so it would be " ".
references to a neutral gender, for example ""(face) -
" ". is all about plural. " "- "my
flowers", or " " - "my flower"


-- plural
-- my son
-- my field
-- my daughter
-- my childre

, , - my. Only "" - masculine gender,


"" - feminin gender, "" - neutral gender. -
me.

: have, has, is
eat
be
there is/are
I have an idea
: there is a suggestion
- : there is something in that thing
:::::: him, than him

- she's pretty. Ona simpatichnaya


- She has green eyes. U neyo zelonyye glaza
/ She has amazingly long legs. U neyo dlinnyushchiye
nogi

: they have, :he has, : she has,

: you have , =we have

includes a posessive pronoun.


/ Her mother has flu.

includes a personal pronoun.


/ She has amazingly long legs.

: Hi

good night

,
is for masculine nouns:
= this chair

= this boy

= this rice

is for feminine nouns:


= this girl

= this notebook

= this horse

is for neuter nouns:

= this apple

= this sea

= this task

is for plural nouns of any gender:

= these boys

= these girls

= these apples

What Is Confusing
You may have noted that "" can be both a demonstrative pronoun and a demonstrative
adjective of the neuter gender. So, " " may mean both "this apple" and "this is an
apple", and without context you can only tell them apart by the first capital letter and a fullstop in
case it is a sentence.

= this apple // a phrase

. = This is an apple. // a sentence

A Rule of Thumb
If you can replace "this/that/these/those" with "it" or "they" use the undeclined ""
(demonstrative pronoun)

If you can't use the declinable "///" (demonstrative adjective)

Examples:

This is a table It is a table? Looks fine! .

This table is mine It table is mine? No way! .

These are books They are books? Looks fine! .

Are these books yours? Are they books yours? No way! ?

Declensions
For those who already made it to the Russian case system, here is the declension table for the
demonstratives. I placed neuter next to masculine because their forms are the same in many
cases.

?
Here is my notebook. How do you say "Good bye"?
!
How do you say "Thank you"?

.


. = Zdravstvuyte=====halllo

Sorry =

-blagodaryu::::: thank you

- perfect
= what is wrong

Far away

Unlike English (at/in school), in Russian each "place" is associated with just one preposition.
The rough overall rule is: use (in, at) when talking about buildings and places with certain
boundaries and use (on, at) when talking about open spaces or events:

(at home), (at school), (in the room), (in the theater),
(at the cinema), (at the university)

(in the street, outdoors), (at the square), (at the


concert), (at the lesson), (on a ship)
When you mean physically being inside/on top of some object, there is little ambiguity. "Places",
unfortunately, require memorization.

Prepositional endings

Here is the rule that covers most nouns:

feminine nouns ending in take -


nouns ending in -, - or - also take - (so that they end in - instead)

all other nouns take -


What about me and my friends?

Use + Genitive when talking about being at some persons place: , = Yeah, I am
at my friends place.

WC

The room with a toilet is . In this course, we stick to the North American "bathroom",
even though a room with a bath is, technically (it has , "a bath"). Still, in Russian
you would not ask for a "bath-room" unless you really mean it.

And what if I gotta go away?

Well deal with that later. But the pattern is consistent. When you are somewhere, going to that
place and going away from that place, use the following triplets:

AT TO FROM
+ Prep + Acc + Gen
+ Prep + Acc + Gen
+ Gen + Dat + Gen

For example, if the place is used with , the correct prepositions for the three uses are .

.
. . ...

: 2 - 4

: 15 30

: ,

1

4





10-15

- . ,
.
- . .
- - .
- 2 .
- . .
- .
- , , .
- .

- - .
.

: 1 - 2

: 15 30

1
3
1/2

1/2
4-5
1
1
1
1

- 2 .
- .
- .
- . ,
.
. ( )
-
- 10-15 .

.
. ( )
-
- .

.
. ,
(Mohan Thal Recipe) .

- .
. -

: 2 - 4

: 15 30

250

2




-
2





- . 5 .
- .
- , , - .
- . , , , .
- .
.
- .
- . 5
.
- . .

Read - Mohan Thal Recipe In English

(Ingredients for Mohan thal)


- 100 ( )

- 100 ( )


- 2

- 200 ( )

- 100 ( )

- 10 ( )

- 10 ( )
- 15 ( )

- 5-6 ( )

How to make Mohan thal

, .
.
2
,
. 20 .
.

, (100 ) 1 ,
( ).
.

. ,
, , .
, 6-7 ,
, .
. ( 3-4 ).

, .
(Mohan Thal ) , .
15 -20 .

Оценить