You are on page 1of 572

,

( )

903, 15 2017

17
17
19
20

22

1. 22
22
22
23
24
- 25
26
26
27
27
27
28
28
30
33
34
34
37
38
Critical emergency 38

2. ? 38
38
? 39
? 40
40
41
, 42
43
43
45
45
46
: 46
47
, 48
49
50
51
51
52
53
54
54
: 57
57
: 57
58
, , 59
60
61
61
61
, 62
64
65
65
67
67
68
68
71
72

2. 73
73
74
75
, 75
75
76
76
76
78
80
80
81
, 81
82
83
- ,
83
83
, 84
84
85
85
,
85
- 86
, , 86
87
87
88
88
89
89
90
91
, 91
92
Death is cool, 93
, , 93

93
93
94
: 94
94
94
: , 95
3. ? 95
95
95
97
. 98
98
- 99
99
: 101
102
104
105
106

4. : 107

108
108
: 109
: 110
111
observer moments 111
111
112
112
113
114
115

116
117
117
117
118
119
119
,
120
121
3 : fading copy 121
121
122
122
123

125
: 125
125
: - 125
126
126
, 127

128
128
? 128
129
131

131
131
132
132
133
? 133
133

: 134
134
135
: , 135
135
: 135
136
137
, 138

(
) 139
139
139
140
, 140
141
, 142
142
143
144
144
, 145
145
146
, , 146
c 146
147
. , , , ,
. 147
149
149
150
, 150
151
152
153
153
153
155
155
156
157
157
: ,
157
159
, 159
binding problem 161
162
163
164
164
,
164
;
165
166
, 166
, 167
, 167
168
169
;
169
169
170
170
171
; 172
173
174
174
175
175
175
175
176
common sense ,
176

177
, 177
, 177
178
178
, 178
179
180
180
, 181
181
? 182
182
? 183
184
184
, 184
185
185
185

5. 187
187
, 187
, , 188
189
, 190
190
: ? 190
Immortality Tradeoff: vs 191
192

6. Doomsday argument: 199


SSA SIA? 200
SIA SSA 201
202
202
,
203
DA 204
- DA 205

7. , 205
205
206
208

8. 210
, 210
210
211
18 211
19 , 212
20 : , 212
21 214

9. 214

- 215

215
215
215
B, D 217
218
Longevity escape velocity 220
222
- 223

225

10. 225
226
226
: , 226
, 227
227

236
237
237
238
238
238

238
238
: , ,
239
239
240
240
: , , , 240
: , 241
241
241

11. 242
, 242
242
243
244
245
, ,
245
246
247
- 247
247
SENS 248
, 249
250
250
251
251
251
251
252
- 252
252
, , 253
254
254
254
255
255
- 256
256
257
257
,
257
257
257

12. 258
258
, 259
259
259
260
260
260
260
- 260
261
262
262
262
262
264

12. 264
? 264
265
265
266
266
267
267
267
267
267
268
268
269
269
269

13. 269
270
, 272
273
273
274
275
277
277

14. 277
277
, , , 277
277
278
281

15 281

282
, ,
282
, 282
282
: 282
282
282
: , ,
283
, 283

283

13. 283
283
283
284
285
285
286
286
286
287
287
287
288
; 288
289
289
? 290
290
291
292
292
, 20
? 293
, 295
296
. 296
, , 297
298
299

299

11. ( ) 299
299
299
300
301
303
304
305
306
307
308
self-bomb 310
311
311
1990 311
312
313
314
315
315
316
316
317
317
318
319
320
320
320
321
321
321
322
323

323

10. ( ) 323
323
324
325
self-sampling assumption 325
326
328
328
329
329
330
332
333
334
334

335
337
339

19. 341
341
- 342
343
343
343
343
344
: 344
344
: , ? 346
347
347
347
348
348
348
349
: 349
349
? 350
351
351
, 352
352
= + 353
354
355
356
357

358

20. : , , 358

22. 360
362

23. 363
364
364
You live only twice, 365
- 366
366
366

24. 367
369
370
371
372

25. 373
26. - 373

27. 374

28. : , 376

29. : 376
376
379
379

30. 380
. 385
. 387
388
390
.
391
393
: 393
. 395
. 395
396

31. 397

32. 398

33. 398

34. 399

35. 400
401
401

402

36. 402
403
403

37. : 21
403

38. 403
: 403
404
404

39. :
406
406

40. 407
? 407
409
: 409
410

410
, 412
413
414
- 414

13. Robert Miller , .


. 2.5 .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Miller_(businessman) 416

41. 21 416
416
417

42. 418
- 420
425
426
426

427
427

43. , 433

433

433

434
434

. 435

436
440

443

. ? 444

, : 444

445

448

449

, 450

http://lesswrong.com/lw/qk/that_alien_message/ 451

, - , ,
, . 451

452

452
453

Safe car 454

455

, :
457

462
464
464
466
468
469
469
469
470
, 471
471

474
474
475
475
476
476
476
,
477
477
478
Not in Boston 479
480
: 2013 480
484
485
486
AI halting problem 487
, 487
hyper loop 488
488
489
! 490
490
492
AI risk 493
495
, 497
, 497
498
498
498
499
501
504
506

508
508
509
: 510
Maia Konovalenko: Let me share my story 512
516
517
523
523
532
+ = 533
: 534
534
0.320
http://www.scribd.com/doc/33840325/-

, , 6 ,
, , .
.
, .
, 12 .
, 1985 ,
, . ,
, . ,
. ,
, .
31
. , ,
, , .
, .
1 , 2
. , ,
. , , ,
. , .
, , , , .
, . ,
,
.
, ,
.
: ,
,
.
: , , ,
- , , - ,
.
, , ,
. , .
, ,
, . ,
: ,
,
.
, ,
. ,
.
. ,
, , .
,
.
,
. :
, , -
. ,
, .
,
, , ,
.
, 1987 , ,
,
, .
. ,
, , ,
, .
, , , ,
, , .
, , ,
.
, .
,
, .
,
25 ,
.

.
,
- .
.
,
.
, ,
, , , ,
- :
, , .

, .
, .
, .
-. -
, - , -
, - . ,
, , ,
.
, ,
, - , .
,
- , , , -
10
, .
, ,
, :
. , , ,
, ,
.
, ,
, ,
.
2013
1980- .
. ,

.
,
, .
,
,
.
.
- .
.

, Calico ,
Google 2013 ,
: ,
?
?
, ,
. - ,
- 3 , 300 30000,
, .
, Google ventures
, - .
, .


.
.
, .
,
.
, ,
, ,
,
.
.
, ,
, .
, .
, ,
, .
. ,
. ,
, ,
.
.

.

,
.

.
- ,
. , ,
. , , -
. ,
. , -
. , ,
, , , ,
, .
, , ,
. - ,
, - , , -
, , .


.
,
.
, ,
. ,
. ,
.
, " " -
.

" ". ,
,
.
. ,
,
, ,
.

1.

,
.
, , , , ,
.

, , , ,
; , ,
.
,
,
.
, .
, ,
,
.
:
.
,
: , ,
. ,
, .
,
, , , , , ,
.

, , .
. , ,
100 . , 7 .

,
. , ,
,
. , ,

, ,
, .
,
.
, .
, 7 .
.
.
, ,
.


.
, .
,
. ,
, ,
, . ,
, .
,
:
(), ,
( ), .
:
, , .
, . ,
, , ,
,
.
.
4 .
.
,
.

. ,

, , , , .
.
.
, :
.
.

.

,
,
, ,
. , ,
- .
, ,
, ,
.
. ,
(, ).
,
.
.

,
.
, ,
.
.
. ,
. , ,
, .
.
( ),
.
.
, ,
. :
, 0 1.
, .
, ,
. ,
, ,
.
.
, , ,
.
, , -
, , .
,
. .
,
. ,
,
:
,
. ,
.
.
, ,
, ,
.



. ,
.

( , ,
, , ,
), ,
, -
.
( ) .
, ,
(
).
(), .
.

1990- .
( , ).
-
, ,
.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information-theoretic_death
.
?

.

, ?
,
,
. ,

. ,
,
. .
?

, ,
,
(
,
).

,
,
, , , , ,
,
. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long-
term_memory, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long-term_potentiation,
http://www.rdmag.com/News/2012/03/Life-Science-Neurology-Chemistry-Brain-
memory-mechanism-revealed/
?
, , .

- ? .
.
,
?
?
? ,
6 , , , -
, ,
, .

. ,
, ,
. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18784829
Stability and autolysis of cortical neurons in post-mortem adult rat brains.
, ,
6-9 . ,
24
.


, .
, ,
.
, ,
.
-
.

, ,
, , , . ,
.
, ,
, . : ,
(). , , ,
, ,
, , ,
.

-
, .
, .
,
, .
.


.
,
, .
, ,
. ,
.

,
, :
1. --
.
2.
, .
3. .
.
4. .
, .
, ,
. .
,
, .

, , , :


,
.


.
.
,
.
, .

.

, .

, .

, .
, ,
, .

. ,
.
,
, .
,
.

.

. , ,
. ,
.

,
. :
.
,

.
. , ,
, .
,
. ,
. .
. .
.
( ) .

122 .
.
, , - .
, .
,
.
.
, ,
, ,
, .
.
.
.
.
,
.

. , ,
, .
, ,
, .
. ,

.
, .
.
,
.
, , , .

.
.
.
, .
,
,
.
, ,
, -.

,
, .
, , ,
,
, .
,
, .

, , ,
.
,
. , ,
, , .
.
.
,
,
.

,
.
. ,
.

. ,
, . ,
.
, ,
.
,
.
.
, , (
).
.
.
, .

, ,
.

, ,
.
, .
:
( ).
.
. ,
, .
, ,
, .
, .
.
,
,
.

,
.
, (
, ,
, , ,
).
, -
.
.
,
, (,
, , ).
.
, ,
.

1.
/ . .
.
2. . , .
(
:
, ,
, .

.

, .
.)
3. . .
.
4. , ,
, , .
5. ,

6. . .
7. .
8. .
:
, .

,
. , .
.

.

,
: ,
.
:
1. ,
.
11 ,
( , 11-
), 2000 .
,
9/10.
58,8%, ,
- (29%
2002 , The World Health Report 2004,
,
http://www.who.int/entity/whr/2004/annex/topic/en/annex_2_en.pdf), (12,5%),
(6,5%), (1,5%,
0,7%, 0,2%),
(3,5%), (1,7%), (1,7%),
(0,9 %). ,

. ,
( ),
,
, , ,
, , ,
.
2.
(
, ,
, ,
, , ,
). ,
, ,

.
,
.
, (
)
. , ,
32% .
2002
19 % ( 7%, 3%, 3%
5%, 2%, 2%, 1%,
0,3%), 4% ( ,
),
1%, 1%.
9,1%. : 6%, (
2%, , , 0,6%,
1,5%, 0,02%), 2,8 % (
1,5 %, 1%, 0,3%). (
, ,
. :
http://danger.mongabay.com/injury_odds.htm.) ,

.
. -,
, ,
. -
,
,
.
3. ,
;
XIV ,
1918 ,
.

,
. ,
, ,
.

.
(, , , . .)
,
. , 1 .

.
, .

.
. 6 .
19 . 20 ,
-
.
.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_causes_of_death_by_rate


.
.
, 72 (?)
.
, ,
, .

, .
, .
, .
, .
, ,
. , .
.
.
:





, .
.
.

, ,
.
, ,
.


. ,
,
, .


. ,
.
, - .


, .
, ,
, .
, .
-
. , ,
,
.


, ,

, , 10 ,
1 .
,
, ,

.
, ,
. ,
.
,
,
. :
, ,
,
.


.
30 , ,
. http://www.snacc.org/documents/Borjigin_et_al.pdf
2 -
,
,
-
, .
, -
,
,
.
,
, ( )
. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brain_death

,
,
. , ,
, , .
, ,
.
,
.

,
, .
.
,
,
.
, ,
, ,
,
. ,
, .
,
. .
, (
) - -,
, ,
.
.
,
-
. ,
,
.
http://www.livescience.com/40481-resuscitation-long-after-death.html
, 6
. 6 ,
. ( )

.
12-24 .



. ,
,
, , .
,
, ,
,
.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Excitotoxicity
15 ,
, - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ischemic_cascade

1. Lack of oxygen causes the neuron's normal process for making ATP for
energy to fail.

2. The cell switches to anaerobic metabolism, producing lactic acid.

3. ATP-reliant ion transport pumps fail, causing the cell to


become depolarized, allowing ions, including calcium (Ca++), to flow
into the cell.

4. The ion pumps can no longer transport calcium out of the cell, and
intracellular calcium levels get too high.

5. The presence of calcium triggers the release of the excitatory amino


acid neurotransmitter glutamate.

6. Glutamate stimulates AMPA receptors and Ca++-permeable NMDA


receptors, which open to allow more calcium into cells.

7. Excess calcium entry overexcites cells and causes the generation of


harmful chemicals like free radicals, reactive oxygen species and
calcium-dependent enzymes such as calpain, endonucleases, ATPases,
and phospholipases in a process called excitotoxicity.[5][6] Calcium can
also cause the release of more glutamate.

8. As the cell's membrane is broken down by phospholipases, it becomes


more permeable, and more ions and harmful chemicals flow into the
cell.

9. Mitochondria break down, releasing toxins and apoptotic factors into


the cell.

10. The caspase-dependent apoptosis cascade is initiated, causing cells to


"commit suicide."
11. If the cell dies through necrosis, it releases glutamate and toxic
chemicals into the environment around it. Toxins poison
nearby neurons, and glutamate can overexcite them.

12. If and when the brain is reperfused, a number of factors lead


to reperfusion injury.

13. An inflammatory response is mounted, and phagocytic cells engulf


damaged but still viable tissue.

14. Harmful chemicals damage the bloodbrain barrier.

15. Cerebral edema (swelling of the brain) occurs due to leakage of


large molecules like albumins from blood vessels through the
damaged blood brain barrier. These large molecules pull water into the
brain tissue after them by osmosis. This "vasogenic edema" causes
compression of and damage to brain tissue (Freye 2011; Acquired
Mitochondropathy-A New Paradigm in Western Medicine Explaining
Chronic Diseases).

6 .
,
10 , ,
. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clinical_death

, .

. ,
. .
: , ,
10 .
, , 10 . (, 7 1
2 5 4 9 8 3 6 0 , ).
, ,
. , ,
, 2, 3.
, ,
,
,
, . ,
,
.
. ,
,
.

: ,
. . ,

, .
,
.

,
. , ,
, ( ,
), .

. , ,
, .
,
,
.

, , , ,
.
: ,
. ,
, .

, .
, , ,
. ,
, , .
,
,
. . .
.
, , , .
, .

.
.
,
,
.


, , .

, 30 ?
,
, ,
.
.

Critical emergency

, ,
, , ,
.

2. ?

.
, , ,
. , , ,
.
.
,
. , + +
= .
, ,
.
, ,
.


.

,
.
, ?
, ,
,
.
.
,
, . ,
, ,
. , ,
.
.

, .
, ,
. , ,
, .
. , ,
, , .
. ,
. ,

.
, .
-
,
.
,
, .
.
, , ,
.
,
, .
, .
:
,
. .
, , ,
, ,
, ,
.
,
.

, ,

. , ,
.
,
. ,
-
. -
,
, , ,
, .
,
. , , :
, -
. .
,
. ,
, .
,
. , ,
.
, : , ,
.
,
,
.
, .

,
. ,
, ,
.
. ,
, ,
.
,
, . , ,
, .

. ,
. , ,
, .
,
.
,
.

,
.


.
.
, ,
,
, , . ,
, , ,
.
,
,
, -
.
,
.


- . , , ,
, , ,
-
. , -
, .
, ,
,
.
. ,
, .
, ,
.
. ,
,
( ), . -
- .
-
. ,
. . , , ?
, ,
,
, - .
, , , - "
".
, ,
, , , ,
, .
,
.
( ) ,
.
, .
.
,
, .

( 1 2014 )
:
, ,
. , : ,
, , ,
, , , ,
.
, 19
. ,
, .
, , ,
.
.
,
.
19 :
, , ,
, - .
, ,
, .
20 ,
( ).
- , , .
, ,
, ,
. , ,
, ,
(, ,
).

.
.
.
.

, ,
?



.
4
, 10 100 ? 10 10000?

, .
,
, .
potentially infinite life
extension ". .

. -
.
,
. (Closed timeline curves)
, , .
,
, .
.
- -
? (,
10 ), .
, ,
, .
, ,
( )
.
, , , ,
, - , , , ,
.
, - ,

", - ,
,
.
( ).

--
() -- ().
. ,
,
. , , ,
.
:
, ,
. , ,
, ,
, .
,
. , ,
. , , ,
. , ,
,
. , --
, ,
-- , .
,
, --
-- . ,
. , ,
, , ,
. ,
. , ,
,
.
.
, , ,
, , , .
,
, - .
. ,
-, : , . ,
, - . ,
, , , ,
.
, --
.
, --
, , .
, , , , ,
. 10 ,
, : ,
, . ,
, .
? .
,
, , . (
: , .)
, ,
.
, ,
.

**


( ) .


.
,
.
, :
, .

.
.
,
.
, (-
),
, .
,
. ,
.
, , ,
, .
,
, , .
,
, ,
, , .

, , ,
, , .
, . .
: ,
.
(
, ).
, .
, .


,
" ", ,

, ,
, .


. .
. ,
, ,
. , .


.
, .
.
, 1990- ,
. 2000 ,
. 2010 ,
.

.
.
, , , . ,
70
.
, ,
.
, .
. , .

.

,
. , ,
, , .
, 1 20 000 , 0. 0,
, ,
, ,
.
, ,
. .
.
, 100 , -

. ,
, .
,
, ,
.

, , ,
. .

, , ,
. .
, .
, ,
, .
.
,
, ,
.
,
.

, .
,
,
,
.

,
, .
.

.
. ,
.

,
, .
,
, .
, ,
.
:
. ,
.
, , ,
.
30-40 , 19
.
,
1000 , ,
.

. ,
,
. 16 .
, , ,
.

, ,
, . ,
,
,
.

. ,
.
. , .
. , ,
.
.
, ,
.
, ,
.
.

, , , .
? ,
. , :
, , , , ,
-
. .

,


, -. ,
- ,
( ). ,
,
: ) ,
) )
. ) . (: )
.

35 , (
).

. (
, .
,
, , ,
, . .

. .).

.
/.
.

, ,
.
, .
, .
, ,
.
, :
.
. -
, .
. , , ,
.
,
, ,
.
.
. , , .
, ,
.
,
.
. ,
, . , ,
,
, .
, , ,
.
, , ,
, .
.
, . ,
, ,
19 . .
, .
.
.
, . - .
,
,
.
. , .
, .
,
, , . .
,
.
, .

. ,
, , , ,
. , ,
, .


.
( ) ,
24 ,
, , .
, ,
, ,
,
, .

,
:
.
, , -
. ,
, .
.
, , .
, .

.
.
. ,
. -
.
.
,
, ,
, ,
.
. ,
, ,
.



. , ,
, .
,
. : , ,
, .
,
, . : ,
.

. ,
, , , , .
,
. , ,
. ,
.
, , ,
,
.
.

.
.
,
.


,
. ,
.
, ,
,
.
,
, , .
.
,
,
.

. .
.
, .
, .
,
.

, .
,
, .
, -,
, ,
, .
,
,
,
.
, , ,
, ,
, - (AI goes foom, harf
take off scenario). ,
.

,
.
,
,
. , ,
.

,
.
, ) ,
)
.
, - ,
, .
, , ,
(
,
, .
).
, , .
, ,
, .
,
, .


-
. ,
,
. ,
.
,
, ,
. ,
.
, , 15
, 1000 .
: ,
, 200- .
,
,
.
:
, ,
,
.

10-20 , ,
100 .
,
, ,
, .
,
. ,
, , , ,
, .

.
: ,

, , .

,
:

,
.
,
.
, , ,
.
, , .
.
.

.

.

.


. :


.
.

, ,
.

. ,
.
. , ,
,
, , .
-
.
.

, , ,
.
, ,
.
, , -
.
,
, ,
.
,
.

(, ,
. ).

,
,
.
,
, .
, - .

1.

2.

3.

4. .

5. .

6. )
)

7.

8. , .

9. (
)

10.
.

11. .

12.
.
, .

13.
. ,

. : .

14. - .
, ,
, ,
.

15.
,
.
16. .
.

17.
.

18. -.

. N- PN ,
.
, .
, ,
, .
,
, ,

.

19. .

.
, ,
.
.
. ( ).

20. .
. - .

21. . 2050 ,
22 , 22 3000
, .

22. . .
,
. ,
, .
. . ,
,
. ,
.

23. .
,
, ,
,
.

24. .
,
.
,
,
,
.
/
.

25. . ,
,
. ,
.

26.
, ,
.

27. .
-. ,
,
- , ,
. ,
.

:
( )
:

) .
) . , ,
.

: . ,
, ,
. , ,
, .
, ,
-, .

:
( )
:

, ,
.
, , -.
. , ,
22 , .

: ,
. ,
- .
,
, , .
( , 2 ?) ,
, ,
, .

,
, .
.
, ,
. , .
, .
,
, , ,
.
, ,
,
, , ,
.
, ,
.
,
, . :
, , .
,
, ,
.
.
.

, , ,
.
, , ,
. ,

, ,
.

,
, .
.
, ,
. , .
, .
,
, , ,
.
, ,
,
, , ,
.
, ,
.
,
, . : , ,
.
,
, ,
.
.
.

, , ,
.
, , ,
. ,

, ,
.

, ,


, (
) .

.
, ,
, . , 1
.

, , 150
.

, 150
. (
).

, 1
, 10, ,
.
(
) .
,
,
,
, , ,
, .
,
,
.


. ,
, ,
.
, .
, .
, , 50 ,
1: 1000,
1:2000= 0,05 .
1
, 1 : .

5 , 99.95 .

. , ,
,

.
. .

,
, ,
. Dumb ways to die - .
,
.
:
1) - ,

2)
3) (, )
,
, .
,

:
) .
, ,
,

.
)
.
)
.

, ,
- .

, ,
.

.
:
1.
. ,
.
2. , ,
.
3. .
4. : ) )
) )
.
5.
6. ?


. ,
,
( ).

, .
, ,
, .
, , ,
, ,
.
, .
,
.

,
. .
, ,
.
, ,

.
.
.
.

, . ?
, , ?

.
: .
, ,
,
.
.
. , . ,

.
,
, , . ,
,
, .
, ,
, ,
. ,
.

. ,
. :
,
, .
, ( ,
, ,
) , ,
,
, ,
, ,
.
, , .
.
,
. ,
, ,
,
.
,
,
, .
: -:
. , ,
-. ,
, , ,
.
- , ,
. , , .

, , .
, , :
, , .
, ,
,
.
.
.
.

( ).
, ,
. , .
,
. ( , ,
.
, ,
.)

. (
, , ,
)
(
).
, .

.
.
.


,
,

, .

, .
,
. , .
,
, .
, , 4-6
, , .
, .
.
-
,
.

, ,
,
.
,
, ,
.
. -, -
, ,
.
.
, ,
. , . ,
, ,
.
.

,
.
, ,
.
,
, ,
.
, .
. ,
. .
.
1,
,7.

.11.
12700.,
,2700.
.,
,,
,.
.,
.
.
.
,,
,.
..
.
.
,,.
,,
270070,35.
.


.
.
.
,
,
,
, ? .
,
,
,
. , -
. .
-
.
.
,
, .
,
. ,
, . .

,
wireheading ,
,
. ,
, .
,
, ,
. ,
, ,
.
. ,
, ,
, .
.
,
, , .
. ,
. ,
, . ,
, ,
-
.
. theory of fun http://lesswrong.com/lw/y0/31_laws_of_fun/

-
6
.


, .
.
-, ,
, .
-,
. ,
.
1 2 , ,
- .
, , ,
.
,
, , ,
, , .
: ) ) ,
.
, , ,
.
.
-
- , .




.
. ,
. ,
.
, ,
.
,
,
. ,
.
,
,
.
.
,
, 10 100
.
. -
10 100 10 200.
, 10 , 33,

,
. ,
,
.
, ,
, .
,
- , ,
. -
,
100
.


. ,
,
.
. ,
. -, .

, .
.

, .
, .
, ,
.
.

. ,
. ,
. , ,
, ,
, , , ,
,
. ,
, .
,
1.
.
2. .

, .
,
,

.

, :
1. ,
, .

,
, , ,
.
2. .
. , ,
.
.
2. , .
,
, , .

, ,
.
3. . ,
, , ,
, . ,
, . ,
.
.
4. . ,
, . .
.
, ,
, , , .
.
.
5. , .
, , ,
. , ,
. ,
.

,
. ,

.
, , .
, ,
, .
.

,
, . ,
,
, .

,
, ,
, . , ,
. ,

. ,
, .
.

,
.
. .

.
. ,
,
.
, ,
, - . (
, ,
, ,
, ,
).

, , .
.
, . .

,
. ,
.
, .
.
. ,
.
.

( 1 2014 )
:
, ,
. , : ,
, , ,
, , , ,
.
, 19
. ,
, . ,
, ,
. .

,
.
19 : ,
, ,
, - .
,
, ,
.
20 ,
( ).
- , ,
. , ,
,
, . ,
, , ,
(,
, ).

.
.
.
.
.
, ,
,
?





. 4
,
10 100 ? 10 10000?

,
. ,
,
.
potentially
infinite life extension ".
.

.
- .

,
. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Closed_timelike_curv
e , ,
.
,
, .

.
- -
?
(, 10 ),
.
,
, , .
, ,
(
) .
, , , ,
, - ,
, , , .
, -
,
", -
,
,
.
( ).

2.


. ,
, ,
.
- Nature , ,
,

, . , ,
,

. ,
, .
,
, ,
.
.

,
. , , ,

. .

,
, , .

,
, .
,
.
.

,
.

().
,

, .
.

.

,
( ,
).
(
, ).
(
)

, , ,
, , ,
, . -
, .
, ,
,
(
, . ),
.
.
, . , ,
, .
,
.

.
, .
, , ,
:
. ,
.
, ,
.
. ,
.
.
, :
.

.
- ,
.
, .
, ,
, , lesswrong.com.
, ,
, . ,
, , . ,
,

.

, -
, .
-,
. ,
,
,
.
,
. ,
, ,
.
, .
, , .
,
-. .


.
. ,
,
, , . ,
. ( .)
, . ,
- ,
, .

.
.
, -
, .
, ,
, - ,
, , .
,
. 6
.
,
, ,
.



. , , ,
, .
, ,
, , .
, .
.
, .

,
. . ,
, ,
. , .
. ,
, , ,
.
, ,
. , ,
. , .
, , , , ,
.

, ,
. ,
.
. , ,
- , ,
? ,
,
, .


, ,
- , ,
,
.
. ,
,
, ,

.

,
,
.
(, ,
), ,
(). ,
,
.

,
( ).
,
,
, (,
, , 700 ).

.
,
,
.

,
, ,
, ,
.
.
-
, . ,
,
.
,
. ,

.
, ?
, . ,
,
.
3/4 , ,
, 33 .
, .
, , ,
.
.

2050 1-2
, .
2100 10-15 ,
.
.
, .
, .

, .
. ,
, 200 , .
. ,
, .


. ,
. , ,
, .
.

. ,
, . (
, . :
, , , .)
,
.
,
, .
, 10 ,
1024 , 100
(10 30).
, ,
, . :
.
, , ,
, ,
,
. ,
.
,
.

. .
,
.
.

IQ, , ,
.
, ,
. ,
.
,
.
,
, .
. : theory of fun
http://lesswrong.com/lw/xy/the_fun_theory_sequence/
, , ,
.
,
, , .
, , .

, , .
(
) , ,
, . , .
.
,
, .
-
. ,
, .
, .

,
. -
.
, .
,
. , .
-, ,
,
, .
, .

, , .
, ,
,
.
,
, .
,
, .
, , ,
,
, . ,
,
, .
.
, , ,
300 000
. .
,
(), ,
. ,

, , ,
.

.


-
.
,
. . .
,
, .

,
. , ,
, . ,
, ,
.
, ,
, .
,
200 .
, ,
,
.
,
, ,
, .
.
.
, .
.
: 10 70 ,
700 . . -,
(
, ),
, 10 ,
. -,
. -, ,
, .
, .
, -
.
, .

, ,
. ,
, ,
. ,
,
.
,
.
, , ,
,
. ,
.
- .
, ,

.
,
, .
, - .

. ,
, . ,
, .
.
,

, - ,
, .
,
, - 80 . : ,
, , .
:
, .
, .
.
,
, .
, ? ?
, ,
. ,
.
,
, .

,
.

: ,
, .
, ,
, ,
. -
,
. ,
, ,
.

, , .
, .
, ,
.
, .
, . ,
, . ,
. ,
, ,
, .
,
.
,
,
,
.
, ,
.
.
, ,
,
. ,
.
,
.
.
live fast die young (
) , .
,
. ,
.
, , ,
.

,
. ,
.


,
,
. .
,
economy of scale (
). ,
( ) .
, -
.

. ,
, ,
. .

- ,

.
.
, ,
(
), .
,
,
. . ,
.

, , ,
, , ,
.
,
.


.
, .
.
.

- .
,
, , ,
. , -
.
, .
,
.

,
, , ,
, .
:



( ).

,
, .
,

80 .
,

.
70 , 70.
50, 90 70.
, 95
, , , 50 .
, ,
70 .
, ,
.

, 50 ,
59 ,
, , .
70 .
, , , , ,
, , .
, , , ,
,
.
.
, , 60 80
. 50
, , , .
,
, . 6
, .
. .

. , ,
10 , . ,
, 10 .
, ,
, .

,
, , ,
, .
, 90 , - ,
, , , .
, , .
.
. ,
,
( ), ,
,
, , .

,
, , .
,
.
.
,
, .
.
, ,
, .

. ,
,
. , ,
, . ,
.
,
. ,
.
,
, . .
.

19 , , .
, , ,
. .
.

,
.
,
, -
. , ,
. ,
.
,
- .
.
, .
, ,
, , ,
,
, .
,
. , . ,
3, 3,14.
,
.
, ,
, ,
. , ,
. .

, ,

, -
, , , ,
, .
, . ,
.

, ,
, ,
. ,
, .
, , ,
- .
. ,
,
. .
, .
, ,
. ,
,
. , .
. , ,
.

, ,
.
,
. ,
,
, .

,
. , ,
, ,
, . ,
, , ,
.
, :
.
, , ) , )
, , .
, ,
.
, :
,
, . ,
, ,
, . ,
, -
.
,
, .
, , ,
, ,
. ,
. (
,
,
.)
, ,
.
, , , .


, ,
.
, ,
. , ,
, ,
, .
,
, . ,
- . ,
. ,
. ,
.


. 20
,
,
.
, .
,
.
, .
.
;
,
. ,
, .
, .
, ,
,
.


,
,
.
.
, 1 .
, ,
.
,
.
, ,
, .

. ,
.

, 10
10 . , ,
. , ,
,
: , publication bias,

.
. ,

, , , ,
,
regression to the mean
http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2010/12/13/101213fa_fact_lehrer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regression_toward_the_mean
: http://nymag.com/news/features/jonah-lehrer-2012-11/

2012
:
.
,
,
.
,
, ,
, , ,
.
,
. .
, .
.

,

,
.

, .
, -
.
,
, ,
.

, , ,
, (
,
,
, , ,
. , ,
, ,
,
, .
).

.
.
, ,
- , , ,
. , - ,
. ,
. (,

, , , ,
, ,
, .
: , , , ,
.
: , , ,
.
,
.)
,
, .
, .
,
.

:
, . ,
, ,
. ,
.

.
,
, ,
. ,
.
, , ,
,
. , ,
.
:
.
, ,
. .

, , ,
, ,
.

.
.
, ,
. ,
,

.
,
: , , , , ,
.
.
.

.
,
: ,
, , , , . ,
, .
,
.
. , , ,
,
1000 .

,
, ,
. -
.
,
.
, ,

. ,
. ,
. (
, ,
).
, ,
10 .
, .
- ,
, .
.

,
. ,
,
,
.
, ,
, . ,
,
.
,
.
, .
, , .
19 .
, , ,
, .
.
, . , ,
, .
.
-
. ( .)

Death is cool,

, -
. , ,
. , .
, , .
, , (
, , ),
. , ,
.
.
, , .
.
, , . ,
.

,
,

.
,
.
,
, , .
, .

,
, 1
3, .

. ,
.
.
, , .

.
,

.
, ,
. , ,
.
,
,
.

(
).
. , ,
.
.
69- 70 . ,
10 .

,
,
,
? ? ,
?

,
: ,
. .
, .
, ,
. ,
, ,
. : .
-,
. .
,
.
. ,
.


,
. ,
40 .
, 1000
.

, ,
.
, .

.

: ,

, , , .
. ,
, -
, .
.

3. ?


. , , ,
, , ,
.
,
. ,
, , ( -
). ,
- ,
( , ).
- , ,
.
, .

, . , ,
. .
, . , .

1. . .
. .
2. . , .
3. . .
,
. ,
:
, ,
,
. , .
,
.
4. . ,
, -
.
5. , .
()
,
.
6. .
, (),
(), , .
7. ,
, ,
.
8. ,
(,
)
9. , ,
.
10. , ,
.
11. .
12. , ,
,
.
, . .
, .
13. .
14.
15. + .
16. .
17. , ; .
.
.
.
18. - , ,

19. http://www.stevensevush.com/
20. ,
. ,
, .
,
, .
, .
21. .
. , , .
, ,
.

: ,
, .
, ,
- , , ,
.
,
.

,
, .
.

,
, ,
. ,
, -
.
,
.

**
,
1 2.
,
.
,
.

, ,
.
, ,
, .

,
.
, :

1. .
, , , ,
- . ,
, . ,
, ,
. http://platonia.com/ .
2. . ,
, . -
- ,
. ,
, ,
.
, , ,
, .
3. . .
-
,
.
. ,

.

, " ".
, ,
, .

. .
http://lesswrong.com/r/discussion/lw/nsz/the_map_of_pzombies/

,
, ,
.

, , .

0 , , , -
,
. ,
, , .

1 , (),
, ,
.
, .

2 , ,
, .
- . ,
, ,
, .
: , -,
, .
,
. , ,
.

-
0 - ,
,

7. ,

8. , ,

9. , ,
-
10. ,

0 ,
0.0 - ,
5. ,
(
)
6. ,
,
. ()
7. ,
,
()
8. GLUT - .
,
.


. , ,
( ,
), , ,
, ,
.
.

, , - , ,
. , .
, . ,
, , .

, , ,
, , .

. , ,
,
.

, , , ,
, .

,
. ,
. ,
.

: , ,
, , ,
, .

, .
,
.
. ,
, ,
, .
,
. ,
.
.

, . ,
.

,
,
. ,
,
.
( ),
.

,
.
.
.
, ,
,
.
, ,
.

. ,
, - ,
.
, .
1.

.
. -
,
.
,
,
.
, ,
,
, .

2. .
,
( ),
, .
,
, ,
,

.
,
, ,
. ,
, .

3. ,
.
,
.
, ,
,
, .
, ,

. ,
,
.
()
, , ,
()

. ,
, .
, , ,
.

4. Many minds. , ,
. ,

. , -
, ,
.

5. ,
, ,
,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interpretation_of_quantum_mechanics
.
6. - .

,
( ), (
- ,
. .)
, ,
, .
(, ),
, ,
.
, , .
, ,
, ,
, ,
.
, .
. ,
, , ,
, .
, ,
, ,
. .
, ,
:
.
.
,
.

, : (
, ,
), (
) (
, ,
).


,
, .
, ,
.
,
, .
, , , ,
, . +=
,
, .
, , ,
,
, .
,
,
.
:
.
. , .

(, )
(
);
.
( )
,
, ,
, , .
, , .
, , ,
. ,
, ,
. , ,
, .
,
. ,
.

, ,
,

.
,
. "Decoherence and Ontology: or, How I Learned to Stop
Worrying and Love FAPP" by David Wallace. http://philsci-
archive.pitt.edu/8888/1/Wallace_chapter_in_Oxford_Handbook.pdf
,
.

, ,
.
, ,
.
,
.
, ?
,
?
?
.
.
,
0 1. ,
, , , ,
.
. ,
(, 1-), ,
.
,
,
, .
.
(),
. .

. ,
.
,
, . ,
, :
, .
, ,
, , ,
, .
.

,
.

, ,
,
. ,
, , ,
,
.

, ,
, .
,
,
. . : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Many-
minds_interpretation
A state like (1) really is indefinite, and when an observer looks at the
cat and thus enters an entangled state like ==== then the observer too has
an indenite state. However: to each physical observer is associated not one
mental state, but an ensemble of them: each mental
state has a denite experience, and the proportion of mental states where the
observer sees the cat alive is a++2. (walles)
,
,
,
.

, :
1) ,
, .
2)
,
,
.
3)
- .

, , ,
, , ,
, ,
.
, ,
. ,
.
, , ,
, , ,
.

, ,
(
).
.
, , ,
.
, .
: ,
- ,
. (
.)
,
, , ,
, -
, (
).
,
, .
, ,
, , , . ,
, .
,
,
-, , .
, ,
, .
, - .

, .



.
, .
: ,
. ,
, ,
, . ,
.
,
,
, .

,
, .
10 500 ,
.
, ,
.
, , ,
. ,
, , ,
.
, ,
, , ,
,
..
, ,
. ,
, .

,
, ,
.
. - ,
.
, ,
,
,
,
.
, ,
,
.

, , ,
,
, .

, , , ,
. -
.

, 16, ,
. ,
, , , ,
, , ,
, , ,
, , . -
.
? ,
, .
.

?

, ,
, .
,
, .
, ,
.

,
, , ,
.

, 1990 ,
, - ,
. ,
.
? - ?

.
, .

, .
, , ,

.

, . .
,
, ,
.
4. :

: ( )
. ,

,
,
. (
www.lesswrong.com, Abnormal cryonics
http://lesswrong.com/lw/2a8/abnormal_cryonics/ ).

20
.
http://www.gazeta.ru/science/news/2012/11/12/n_2613433.shtml
, ,


,
, ,
, .
, .
100
.
",
", ", ".
,
,
.
,
. ,
. .
, ,
. : "",
.

, , , ,
.
, .

,
,
.
,
.

, . , .

, . ,
? ,
,
. ( :
, ,
, ,
, .
, .)
, , ,
.

**
, ,
( ).
, , ,
5 80 ,
, .
**


, , ,
.
**
,
, .
, .

:

, , ? ? ,
,
.
, ,
.
, ,
, , . ?
, ,
. ,
, , hard problem.
.
,
.

, . ,
? (
, . ).
, ,
.
:
. , ,
, .
, . ,
, .

,
- , ,
, .
, .
: ,
. , ,
,
, .

, ,
, ,
.
,
.
, ,
,
, .
. .
, ,
.

. , ,
( )
, ,
, ,
. ,
,
, .
. , ,
, .

, , ,
, , ,
. .

, ,
, , ,

.
, ,
,
, , ,
.
, ,
, , , - .
, ,
( ),
?
, - , ,
, .
, , ,
, , ,
.

observer moments
,
, , , -
.
, ,
.
,
, , ,
, .
,
.
1 ,
, .
,
.

.
:
.
, ,
. .
,
.
, ,
, . ,
, .

.
., ,
, Doomsday
argument.


: .
.
, .
,
.

.
,
. ,

.
,
?
,
.
, ,
,
.


:
, - , .
, , .

: ,
, ,
( ,
). , , ,
.
" ,
" .
- .


,
, ,
. .
,
, ,

.
( ),
.
.
: ,
, . , ,
. , ,
. ,
. :
, ( ), .
,
.
, , ,
(, ,
). , ,
, ,
().


:
:
1. ,
, .
2. , ,
.
,
. .
3. ,
,
, , ,
.

,
. ,
, .
,
. ,
, , .
, ,
.

. ,
, .

:
1) .
,
.
2) , .

, .
. ,
,
.

.
,
. ,
- .
.
,
, . ,
, ,
, .
,
,
.
,
, ,
.

. ,
, -
.
,
, .
. .
, ,
.
,
.

, ,
.
, . .
,
.
,
, .

.
, .
,
.
.
.
.
,
, . ,
, , . ,
, , .
,
,
Self sampling assumption.

, ,
. ,

, .
,
, , ,
. :
, .
,
.
,

.
.
.
,
, ,
, .
,
, ,
.
, ,
,
. ,
(, ).
,
, ,
.


(
)

: , ,
+,
.

,
,


,
,
.


.
,

,

(

)
:
, ,



:




,
,






(

)
,
.
,
,

,
,



,

.

,
, ,
,
.
,
.


:

. , ,
.
.
,
,
.

, , , ,
. ,

.
, 10 28
,
. ,

.
, :
) .
,
.
) () .
, ,
, .
,
(,
, , .).
) ,
, ,
. ,
, .



.

: , (
) (
, ).
( ems), ,
, ,
, .
. (,
, ,
.)
.
,
,
,
.
,
,
. , ,
, .


, ,
. . ,
, .
: , ,
.
: ?
,
, ,
. , ,
, ,
, .
,
. , ,
, .

,

.

, ,
.
, ,
, .
.

,
.
, .

, .
, ,
, ,
, .

, ,
,
( ),
(
, ).
,
.
, , ,
,
. ,
, ,
.

,
1 2 , .
1 10 , 2 1000 .
, , 2
0.5 0.99.
, , .
, 0.99.

,
,
, ,
. . :
http://www.preposterousuniverse.com/blog/2015/02/19/the-wrong-objections-to-the-
many-worlds-interpretation-of-quantum-mechanics/


- : ,
, .
, : , , .

,
. ,
, .
,
, .

, -,
, .


. ,
. . ,
, ., ,
( ). ,
, , ,
.
,
,
.

: , "-" .


.
1 :
. .
2 : , 10
. ,
.
3: , 10
. .

, 100 .
. ,
.
)
.
1/101.
) , ,
- . .
.
,
10**(-30), .
, .
.
, ,
,
.
,
. , ,
.
, ,
.


, ,
. , ,
.
.
,
, .
.
,
,
, ,
.

3 : fading copy
, , ,
,
. ?
,
-. ,
1, 100 1000000 ,
, .


.
. .
.
.
.
.
, .
.
,
,
. - ,
. , .

?


.
,
, .
?

, ,
? ( ).
, , .
, , ,
, -
.
, - , ,
.



, ,
, ,
, ,
.
, .
, ,
,
.
. ,
. ,
, .
, ,
.
, , ,
, .

, .
.


. .
,
.
.
. ,
,
.
?
1)
, , - ,
99,99999
.
2) ,

, 100
.
,
. ,
, ?
,
, . ,
, ?
,
.

, ,
, 120 , ,
, ,
.


:
1) ,
.
, .
2) (
) .
. - ,
,
.
,
.

,
,
. ,
.
0,5, 10 30 .
, ,
. ,
.
,
,
.

,
.

. ,
, - (
,
),
.
.
- .
, ,
, - ,
.


,
. , ,
. - ,
. ,
, .
, ,
, .
, ,
? ,
( ).
. ,
,
. ?
, ? ,
?
, ,
; ,
?
, ? ?
?
?
, , ,
. , ,
,
. ?
,
, .
, .

, ,
.
.
, ,
.
?
. ?

, , ,
. , , ,
. , ,
. , , -
.
: .

, 1 . ,
, 1000 1001.
.

.
, . (
). ,
.
, ,
(
). , ,
.

" ", .
, - -
.
.



. , -. 0
, 100 . ,
.
, ,
.
, ,
, .

, .

: -

:
(-), -
-.
:
.
. -, (
, )
. . -

, . .

,
.


(: .
,
, , .)

.
, ,
, ( ).
,
.
, .
,
- , .


,
. ,
, 27 28, +1.
.

, .

. ,
( -),
(, ,

/.)
,
, : ,
?


-
,
. , ,
. ,
, -
.
,
.

,
.
,
, ,
.

, , .
,
,
.

, (,
),
.

,


- , ,
. , ,
, , , , ,
. ,
.

,
. ,
,
.
. ( ,
- ).
, , .
,
, .
, ,
.
, ,
, .
, . ,
, ,
- ,
. ,
, .
, ,
, .
. ,
,
.

, ,
. .
. ,
, 1 10, .
.
,
.



, -
. ,
, ,
, .
,
. ,
,
. , .
, , ,
, . ,
:

, .

+ .
, .
.


,
,
.
.
, ?
, .
,
. , .
, .
, .

,
,
,
.
?
,
, .
,
, , ,
, , , ,
, . , .
, ,
,
.
- .

,
. ,

. ,
.
, ,
.
, ,
, .
. . :
, .
: ,
. ,
, , .

:
, (
).

,
( ). ,
,
, (
).
,
,
.

. , ,
. , ,
, -
(, ,
).
, (
) ,
.
.
,
.


, ,
,
,
. (, , .)

, , ,
.

( ), ,
. ,
.

. ,
.

( )
. , .

, ,
fading qualia. http://consc.net/papers/qualia.html
,
, , .
,

,
.

.

. ,
(,
.)

,
,
.
.
,
.
, ,
:
) ,
)
,
.

. . , ,
, .

,
.

1990 ,

. ,
, .


, .
, .
, ,
. , ,
, ,
. ,
, ,
,
, .
, ,
: , , , .
, .

,
.
, ,
.
, , (
) (!)
. , - .
, .



, ,
. -.
, , ,
.
. .
.
.
: ) ,
) ,
(
). -
( , , :
, ,
,
, ).

,
,
.
, .
,
. ,

"".
,
.

,(2).
(),,,.
,,"
".
Depersonalization disorder - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Depersonalization disorder (DPD) is a mental disorder in which the sufferer is affected by persistent or
recurrent feelings of depersonalization and/or derealization. In the DSM-IV-TR it is classified as a
dissociative disorder, while in the ICD-10 it is called depersonalization-derealization syndro
EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG


,
, ,
.
.
, . , ,
, , . , .
, .
,
( ),
( ).


,
.
, , ,
, , .
.

, ,
, . ,
.
, .
, ,
.
,
.


?
,
, ,
, , .

.
. , ,
. . ,
-
,

. ,
!
, , .
,
. .
- ,
,
.
, ,
. ( ,

,
).


.
,
( ,
).
fading qualia ,
, .
,
.


1) ,
, , ,
. , ,
.
. :
.
2) fading qualia -
.
(
). , .
, ,
.
. ,
. .
50 %,
. ,
,
.
3) ,
, .
.
4) ,
.
, ,
.
,
.
5)
, , ,
:
.
6) , (
, : , ),
.
7) ,
:

8) : .
,
( ,
).
9) :
. ,
- -.
10) , :
, ,
: ,
.
.
,
.

, ,
, ,
, ,
, .

: ,

:


. ,
. .

: , ,
, . ,
, .
.
, ,
.
,
, ,
.
.
, .
,
, , 50
. ,
,
. , 50
, ,
, ,
.

,
,
.
.




(, ) ( ),
.
,

.

,
, .
, ,
:
1.
, ,
, .
.
() ,
, . :
) .
.
) .
) .
2. -
.
, , .
2, 2.
3. .
)
)

. ) .
- N = N+1.
. ,
,
.
4. .

, ,
.
,
. , ,
, .
5. .
,
. (
-
).

.
. ,
,
, , . ,
. ( .)
, . ,
- ,
, .


,
.

.
, , .
,
.
,
, ,
. ,
,
.

, ,
,
, ,
. , ,
,
.
,
,
, .
, , ,
,
.
.
.
,
. 100 -
,
. ,
.
,
, ,
- .
, .
,
, ,
, ,
, - ,
, . ,
, -
.


, .
http://lesswrong.com/lw/pm/identity_isnt_in_specific_atoms/ (
) ,
. , , .
,
,

.
,
.
.
, .

,
.

,
,
. ,
10 ,
,
.

,
,
, (
). ,
, ,
.
,
, ,
, . (
). , - 50 % ,
.
,
, ,
, .
.
, ,
, , (,
,
),
.
.
,
( , ,
, )
.
, ,
( ),
. .


(
)



.
( ),
, , .

, .
, ,
.

,
.
, .
.


,
: " ,
, , , .
" ",
, .
, , ,
, ,

".
**
, ,
.
... plumbax


.
, .
, - ,
, . (
,
, , ,
).
, , ,
.
.


: (
).
: ,
.
,
.

,

,
.


, ,
,
, ,
.

,
.
.
,
: . , ,
. , ,
.

,
. , ,
. ?
.
.
,
. ,
.

. ,
1 ,
.

,
. , -
.
. ,
, ,
.
,
.

, ,
,
, - .
, ( ,
, ).
, .

(, ) (
), . ,

,
. ,
.
, ,
.

, ,
7 . , ,
, , ,
. ,
7 ,
.
,
(
,
).

,

, ,
,
( - ,
). , , ,
10 , ,
,
.
( )
.

,
, ,
, ,
,
.

,
,
. , ,
, ,
, ,
.


,
.
( -)
. ,
, .
, ,
, ,
.
.
,
? ,
( , ,
), , .
, ,
, , .
, ,
. ,
, ,
,
, .
,
, ,
.
,
.
, . (
, , ,
,
.)
, ,
, ,
,
, .

, ,
, .

.
-
- .



10 .
, (
, ).
.
.
10
,
. ,
.
.
,

.
,
, ,
.
, .

,
..
, .

.
, ,
.
,
.
, , .
.

:
.
. :
. , ,
, .
, , .
, ,

.
. ( ,
,
, .
. , , .
,
, .)

, ,
,
,
. , ,
, , , ,
.
, ,
.

: ,
,
,
.

, (
), ,
. ,
.

: ,

. ,
, , .

, ,
: ,
. ,
.
. ,
. , ,
.
: ,
, .
, , , . ( ,
).
, , ,
, (
).
, ,
,
( , ). 50 ,
, , , ,
50 .
,
, , .
, .
, , , ,
, - . , (
).


. .
.


. ,
, .
.
.
, ,
,
.

discount rate ,
. ,
.

, .

, .


, ,
, , ,

n.l.
.
, ,
, .
.
, , 4 14. (
)

, ,

-, ,
, ,
, , , ,
.
.
, , ,
,
, . ,
, .

,
. .
, . , , . .

.


.
, 1 ,
2 , .
,
. ,
.

. , , ,
, .

- ,
, .
, , .
, ,
. ,
, .
?
.
, ,
.
,
. ,
.
,
,
.

. .
,
,
. , ,
.
,
.
.
- ,
. , ,
. ,

. ,
,
.
,
. , ,
, , . ,
, ,
, , . ,
,
- .
,
, .
, ,
,
.
,
. .
,
: -
, - , -
, - .
,
, , , .
,

. , .
, .
, ,
, ,
, , .
, (
), , ,
(
).
, ,
( ).
, ,
. ,
, , ,
. ,
. ,
. ,
.
.
, , , ,
, ,
, - .
,
,
. ,
(, , ,

, ,
, , , ,
1947 , ,
, ),
,
, ,
, , .

, .

, ,
.
,
, .
,
, ,
. .
, ,
,
.


,
,
. , ,
,
. ,
, , ,
, ,
. ,

, , .
,
, , ,
.

, ,
. ,
,
,
.


, ,

. -

. , .

.
, , ,
, , .
, (
).


, , 137
, ,
.

, , .
, ,
, .

.

,
.
,
.

(?)

,
,
. ,
.
, ,
. ,
. (
Doomsday argument ,
.
, , DA).
, , ,
,
. ,
,
. ,
- . ,
. , , ,
.
, ,

.


. - ,
, , .
, , ,
,
.
, , .
-
.

:



.
-

-
,

,

,

.
-
( ,
)

,
, .
, .
, .
,
, .
1) .
,
. , .

, .
.
2) , , .
19 ,
, .
,
.
3) , .
, , ,
.
4)
, .
.
5) , . ,
, ,
, , ,
,
.

,

, , 99 .
, , , , ,
, . ,
.
, , ,
. , ,
,
.


, .

6 ,
, .
, ,

,
.
, , .
,
. ( ,
,
)
, ,
, , .
, . (
,
, ,
, 19 , ,
, ,
, !)
, ,
, .

.
, ,
, . ,
.
, , ,

( ,
),

. ,
, (
).

,

.
.
:
?

. , , ,
,

.
Quantity of experience: brain-duplication and degrees
of consciousness
http://www.nickbostrom.com/papers/experience.pdf

. (
) 2 ,
1 ?
, ,
- , ,
. .

-
.
.
,
. , ,
.
. ,
,
.
.

.
,
.
,
.

.
,

.
,
, .

. .

, ,
, ,
. ( ,

,
,
. 25
, ,
.
10 ,
.)
,
, .
,
.
,
. http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9F
%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%BD%D1%86%D0%B8%D0%BF_%D0%9B
%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B4%D0%B0%D1%83%D1%8D%D1%80%D0%B0
-
. ,
, .

, -
,
, .
.
,
,
, - , ,
, .

-
, - .
, ,
.

, ,
, , -
.

,
. ,
, , .
.
.

, .
,
.
,
.
.
,

,
, .

.


( , ,
, )

.
, ,

.
, ,
,
. observer
moment .
,
.
(, )
,
.
, .

.


- : , ,
. -
. A'.
,
, .
,
. ,
,
,
.

,
, ,
,
.
.
,
.

,
,
- ,
,
.



.
,
, ,
,
, ,
, .
,
,
.
,
.
.
, , . ,
.
, .
,
(
).
, . ( ,
.)
,
,
, , ,

,
,
, ,
,
.
, ,
, ,
.
, ,
.
,
, , .
,


.
,
.

,
,

) (, ),
) ,
) , .

-
. ,
+1 , ,
- , .


, .
- ,
. -
.

: ,

:
1) ,
, ?
2) ,
?
3) ,
,
. ,
,
.

,
, ,
, (
).

1) ,
,
. ( , -
,
.)
2)
,
.
.
.
3) ,
, - ,

. ,
, .
, ,
- . ,
, . ,
,
. , .
,
, , ,
. 1 .
,
, ,
,
.
,
, ,
, , ,
, (,
, ,
, ).
, ,
, ,
, ,
, , , .
. ,
? .
2 -
.
, ,
, ,
.
.
,
.

, ,
.

, , , ?

, , ,
- .
, .

,
150 .
, ,
( ,
).
,
.
,
.
, ,
.


1 2,
: -
. , 1 2
: 1/40 ,
,
.
- ,
8 , . (
,
).
2 ,
1.
.
.
.
2,
, .
( , ).

,
,
, , ,
,
.
, ,

.

,
?

, ?

,

. ,
1/40 1 /10 ,

, ,
(
).
,
, ,
,
, ,
- .

, ,
, .
- ,
,
(
). , digital
,
. ,
,
, .

,
,
,
, ,
,
: - . ( ,
,
.) -
, .
.
-
: ,
,
,
,
. (, ,
,
,
,
.) ,

.

, ,
, .

,
, ,
, ,
,
.
.

,
? ,
, , .


binding problem

,
, .
, ,
, ,
, ,
.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neural_correlates_of_consciousness
, V1
,
,
.
,
, ,
,
. ,
.
, ,
,

.
, , ,
, /,
.
.

. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binding_problem
,
, , ,
, .
,

.
,
( ) ,
, ,
, .

,
, ,
.


,
.
, ,
. , ,
,
, , .
,
,
. , ,
.
.
,
.
,
, : ,
.
Binding problem ,
.
.
: .
, ,
, ,
, . ,

.
:
( ) ,

?
:
, ,
, ,
, ,
? ,
.
,
,
, ,
, .
,
, . ,
7 ,
7, - .

, ,
, ,
.
, ,
.

,
- .
, ,
.
,
.
. http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%93%D0%B8%D0%BF
%D0%BF%D0%BE%D0%BA%D0%B0%D0%BC%D0%BF

, , , ,
.


,
.
,
.

-
, - .
.

,
. ,
-,
, . ,
,
,
.


.
, (
):
1) ,

2) , , ,
. ,
3) ,
,

4) +
.
1 ,
2,3 4 . .
,
( )
( )
1 ,
2**1024
1/10**300 .
:
,
, ,
, ,
- - .


,
, .

, -
.
. ( , ,
).

, :
, .
,

. ,
.
, -, , ,
.
,
, ,
.

, , ,
.
1.
.
, ,
,
.
. ,



?
2.
, :
http://philpapers.org/archive/ARGNCO.1.pdf ,
,
, .
. ,
, ,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krista_and_Tatiana_Hogan ,
,
.
3. , -
, .


. ,

,
.


( ),
,
(, ),
, ,
(, ,
,
). ,
, ,
,
,
()
.

, , ,

. ,
,
.
, ,
,
.

( ,
),
.
,
,
.

;

(
,
),
,
, ,

, - , ,
, .
,
.
, ,
, , ,
.
,
,
. , ,
.
,
, ,
.
,
,
,
.
,

.
, ,

,
, .
.
, :
,

, .
,
, ,
( ,

, ,
- , ).
,
(, ),
.
, .


,
.
.

,
.
, 5 6, 7
. 5 7,
6.
, ,
.
, .
, ,

?

,
:
, , ,
, .
.
:
, , ,
. ,
, .
, .
-, ,
, . -
, . -
(observer moments).
,
, .
, , , ,
.
: .
!
,
, . -
-
, .
,
, , ,
.
, ,
, (
), .
,
.
.
, ,
, , -
, ( ), (
).
,
.
- ,
.
- .

. ,
. , ,
.
, -- -
.

,
, , ,
, , ,
" 22",
. -
, ,
" " .
-
.
, .
, .
- ?
"", -.
- .
" ", "",
" ".

, , -
. - .
.

, " " ( ).

-
, ? , ,
, ,
, . , ,
.

, -
? ? ?
,
. ( , ,
-).
"".
,
, , ----
( , ,
,
.) .

**

,
, .
92 , .
,
.

.
, . :
.

,
.
:
) , ,
.
) , ,

, .
?


. .
, ,
, , .
,
.
, -
.

,
,
.
, .
-
. ,
.
, , ,
, ,
. ,
10 , , 100.

, ,
.
,
. ,
, : ,
, .
. , ,
, .
-
, ,
.
.

,
, . :

1)
2) ,

3)
4)
5)
6) , 10
.

, ,
, .

,
. , ,
, , ,
, - ,
, ,
.
, ,
,
- ,
, ,

.
,
,
, ,
. ,
.

,
.

-
,
.
, ,
, ,
.

: 1 2 ,
2 - 1 .

,
,
. ,
.

.
,
. , ,
, .
,
, .

, -
.
,
, .

.



, ,
,
: .
,
. ,
,
, .
, ,
. .
,
, . , ,
, ,
.
-
, ,
.
-
, .
, .

- .
.
,
, , ,
.
, ,
,
, ,
.
:
,
.
. ,
,
, .
(
).
,
. ,

. ,
.

, , .
, ,
, -
.
, , ,

.
-
. ,
, ,
.
,

, , .
, , .
, -
(
). -
, .
(
),
.
,
, , ,
.
.
.
,
. ,
? , ,
. -,
. (
, ,
, .)

. ,
- - .

,
, .
,
(, ).

,
.


:
.

-
( ,
, ).
- , ()
, .
, .
,
.
, .
,
-
. ,
, .
,
.
, ,
.
, . , ,

.


,
, .
( . , ,
, , ,
, ,
( , , )). ,
, .
, ,
, .
.
.

.
, .
,
, ,
.

,
.

,
: - . -
, , . -,
,
, .
- , , .
: - -.
- .
: , , ,
, , 4 , ,
, .
,
.
, ,
, .
,
- , .
, , .
- .
,
, ,
, .
,
,
.

6 . -
, , , .
, ,
. ,
, .
, .
, .
, ,
, , ,
. , ,
, , ,
.
, ,
, ,
.
.

, , ,
.

, ,
.
.

,
.
- .
.
, ,
, .
,
, .
,
, .
,
. ,
, , 10 100,
10 10,
,
( ,
).
,
.

- -
. .
, ,
, ,
, ,

. ,
-.

.
. . ,
, .

, .

,
, ,
.
-.

.
,
. ,
. ,
.
, , .
. ,
.
, , .

. ,
, , , ,
. -
,
.

common sense
,

,
,
.
.
add up -
.
,
, .
.
1. ,
80 ,
, .
2. ,
, ,
,
.
, .

( , 4 ),
.
- ?
3. ,
,
.

,
, .

, ,
, , ,
. ,
,
, .
.
,
- fading qualia.
, ,
. ,
, -

, .

, ,

, .
-
, , , ,
.
, ,
, .
, ,
.
. (, ,

).
, , ,

,
, ,
.

, ,
,
.
,
, ,
.
,

.

, ,
,
.


,
.
, ,
.

( ).
, ,
. 10 ,
.
.
, ,
,
, ,
.

,
. , ,
, , .
,
, ,
, ,
.
.
, ,
.

,
.
:
1. ,
,
, -.

.
2.
,
, -
.
, .

,
, ,

.

,
?
? , ,
, ,
?

. 5
. 17
. 19
.
20
, .
.
.
? .
, ,
,
, ,
, .


,
. ,

. .
, ,
. ,
,
,
.
, .

, .
. ()
, .
, ,
, , .
.
, .
.

.


. , .

, ,
,
.

.
. ,
,
. ,
.

.

.
.

.

,
- ,
,
.
,
.
, ,
,
,
. , ,
, .

, ,

. ,
.
1 / 40
.
, , ,
, ,
.
.
.
, ,
.
,
,
, . .
- ,
.
,

, ,
-.
,
, ,
overkill - , .
1/40
, .
, .
. .
, 1400
, .
(
, 40 - ).

. ,
.

.

.
,
, .

,
, ,
,
, ,
. .



. ,
.
, . ,
, ,
.

, ,
, ,
. ( .
.)

( ),
,
.
?

, , , ,
, . ,
, :

, .


- .

,
. .
,
. ,
. ,
, ,
. , ,
.
, , ,
, .
.
, ,
, ,
. ,
.
, .
,
, ( ).
,
.
, , ,
, .
, . ,
.
, .
, ,
.
,
, ,
. .
.
, , ,
, , ,
.

,
, .

, , ,
. , , , .
, . ,
, , , .
, ,
.

1)
. , ,
. -
, .
, .
, ,
, . ,
,
, ,
. ,
10 - ,
.
2)
.
, , , .
,
, , , , .
3) ,
. ,
, , .
.

, ,
,
, ,
. ,
.

, .
, , .
. , , .
, , , . ,
, .
, , ,
, , , ,
.
- ,
. .
. , .

, . ,
, .
.
.
, ,
.
.
, .
, ,
. ,
, . ,
.
,
. ,
, .
, - .
,
, .
(
), , , .

-
.
. - ,
. , , , ,
. ( ,
, ,
.)
, ,
,
-.


,
-
, -
?
?


-
, - -
, . .
,
.

.

, .
,
.
.

.

,
,
. ,
, , .
, , .
-
.
, , ,
, . -
,
. ,
.


(,
-
, ),
-,
.
, (observer-moment)
393. ,

., , 3.
396.
, .
, ,
(
). 387, 390, 393.
, , ,
,
: ,

.
,
,
, ,
.
:
387, 390, 393. -
393 -
396- ,
- , .

,
,
.

,
( )
.

. ( ,
- flux universe)

,
( )

, .
396.
, ,
, .
- .

. - . ???
c

,
, .
.

, ,
.
:
1. "-" () ,

,
.
.
2. ,

- ,
. ,
. ,
, ,
,
.
3. ,
, , 4-
, . ,
. (
-
1 - , 2- , 3 - ,
, .
) -
.

,
, , , ,

- - ,
,
,
.
"". , -
,
.
,
.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Personal_identity


http://www.iep.utm.edu/person-i/#H3

John Perry. A Dialogue On Personal Identity And Immortality.


http://books.google.ru/books/about/A_Dialogue_On_Personal_Identity_And_Immo.
html?id=ZPmS70gFqFQC&redir_esc=y

Derek Parfit. Reasons and Persons.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reasons_and_Persons#Personal_identity
,
.

. .
http://profilib.com/chtenie/51686/stanislav-lem-dialogi.php

. . 6. .
.
http://lib.ru/LEM/summa/summgl6g.htm

. . . , 1994
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Permutation_City

Mark Walker. Personal Identity and Uploading. Journal of Evolution and Technology -
Vol. 22 Issue 1 November 2011 - pgs 37-51
http://jetpress.org/v22/walker.htm

, , , ,
. , .
.

.. :
? - 2013
http://www.computerra.ru/70430/
,
,
, .

.

. , .
. - .
http://lesswrong.com/lw/qx/timeless_identity/


http://www.kurzweilai.net/forums/topic/mind-uploading-the-problem-of-two-yous


http://www.iep.utm.edu/perso%D0%BCn-i/
:
, , ,



http://lesswrong.com/lw/19d/the_anthropic_trilemma/

http://lesswrong.com/lw/17d/forcing_anthropics_boltzmann_brains/

5.

,
.
, ,
.

,
,

.

,
, .
,
,
.

,
.
,
.
,

,
.
,

, 21
:

,
,
.


. ,
, ,
, .

, ,
.

, .
,
, ,
.

,
,
.
,
,
, .
,
.
,
, .
(
),
( ,
),
.

, ,

.
. 6
. 19 . 20
, -
.
.
.
,
, ,
, , 21
50 ,
. ,
100
. , (, )
, .

,
.
, .
,
,
.

,
. :
, ,
.


,
.
,
,
,
. ,
.
, .
,
.
, .
, , , .
, . ,
,
.

, ,
, ,
, . ,
,
,
.
, , : ,
,
. ,
, .
, , .
. .
,
,
( ). ,
10 ,
, 100,
.
,
,
.

,
, )
)
,
.

, ,
. 1-2
.

,
,
, , , 90 .
.

100 ,
.


, ., .

, .
.
,
.
, .
, ( 0,1 10 )
, 1
( 80 79 ).

.

, .
:
?


, ,
21 50 , ,
.
,
.
,
.
,
,
. ,
, ,
,
.
, ,
,
, ,
, .

. ,
- ,
. , 1970-80 ,

, .
2,
.
.
.

, ,
.

, .
,
, (
).

.
10-20
, ,
, .
, .
, 90 ,
5 ( 10
), 1 . (
, ).

,
.

.
, ,
.

Immortality Tradeoff: vs

,
21
,
, , ,
.


. , ,
, ,
.
5 50. , ,
1 10 000,
, .
,
0,01
45 .
.
, 1, 2, , 1000,
, 10000,
, ,
1. ,
, ,
.

.
-
90-
,
.
,
0 1. ,
.

,
, , - .
,
.

, ,
, intrinsically safe .




(
)



33

, ,
,
. , ,
,
.

.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultimate_fate_of_the_universe
. 5
, .
, , ,
, ,
( ). ,
-
. .
.

.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Rip

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heat_death_of_the_universe


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/False_vacuum

, .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eternal_inflation


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Crunch

,
, ,
.
,
, . , ,
,
.
Big Rip ,
,
.
, .
.
, ,
,
, 3 (,
, ),
.
,
, , .
,
, .

,
.
, , ,
,
,
,
.

.
,
. - -
,
, .
, ,
.
:
1. , .
.

, 3 , .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diaspora_(novel)
2.
.
. (1994)
. ,
, ,
, .
,
,

. ,
,
.
. https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A2%D0%BE%D1%87%D0%BA
%D0%B0_%D0%9E%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%B3%D0%B0

, .
3. , -.
, . ,
, -
. .
.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hawking_radiation
4. , ,
.
. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosmological_natural_selection#Fecund_universes
, , ,
, ,
,
.
, , ,
, ,
?
, ,
,
- .
5. .
,
, ,
.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclic_model , -
.
6. .
, , , ,
.
7. ,
.
8. ,
.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_suicide_and_immortality
, ,
, . (,
, .)
,
.
9. .
. ,
.
10. . ,
, .
11. .

. .
12. . ,
.
13.
, .
,
. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multiverse#Level_III:_Many-
worlds_interpretation_of_quantum_mechanics
14. , ,
.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boltzmann_brain
15. .
. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Permutation_City
, ,
, .
16.
.
, . ,
: Are we living in a designer universe?
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/science/space/7972538/Are-we-living-in-a-designer-
universe.html
17.
,
.
, ,
,
.
18. .
,
. ,
, .
19. .
20.

, ,
. , , 1
.
21. ( )
.
22. , ,
. ,
, .

23. ,
. Random quantum
fluctuations or quantum tunneling can

produce another Big Bang in years.[13] Over an infinite time


there would be a spontaneous entropy decrease byPoincar recurrence
theorem, thermal fluctuations[14][15] and Fluctuation theorem.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultimate_fate_of_the_universe#Theories_a
bout_the_end_of_the_universe
, ,
,
. ,
, ,
.
, .
,
,
.

24.
, .

25. , .
. http://old.computerra.ru/offline/2004/538/33163/
.

26. . , ,
(
,
) , , ,
, ,
.

27. ,
, , .

28. ,
, -
. ,
.
.

29. .

30. .
, , . .
Dark flow . http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_flow
31.
(, )
. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_physics

32.
. , , ,
, , .
33. . ,
,
.
, ,
, (,
).

, .
. ,
, (
http://www.alt-
future.narod.ru/Lem/cosmogon.htm) .
,
. ,
.
34. .
35. , .
36. .
37. (, )
. , ,

38. , ,
, , .
39.
.
40. .
41.
, .
42. () .
.

, ,
. , ,
, ,
,
.

2010
(http://arxiv.org/abs/0812.0644),
, ,
. :
,
.
.
,
. .

: , :
http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.101302

Big Rip, Heat death in flat


Big Cranch, Univere
False vacuum decay

6. Doomsday argument:

Doomsday argument ,
,
.
, ,
, ,
.
,

. ,

. , ,
, .
. ( 1 80
).

, ,
.


,
.
, , ,
.


, .
, ,
.
,
, ,
.
,
.
. ,
, -
. ,
.
,
.
:
(), ( ),
( ).
, ,
. , ,
, IQ.
IQ,
, , , .
IQ,
. ,
. , . ,
,
. ,
.
, .
, , ,
, .
, ,
. ,
.
,
.

SSA SIA?


,
. SSA ,

. SIA
,
.
,
.
http://www.anthropicprinciple.com/preprints/SIA1.pdf
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SelfIndication_Assumption
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SelfSampling_Assumption
,.
SSASIA.,
SIADA(,
,,
,).,SIA,
,,
.,,
,,
DA.
,SIA,DA.
,SIASSA.
,
.
.
,,DA,
,.
.
.:
.,
1.,
,.DA
.
,DA,.,
,,,
,,
.,
,
,.,
,,.
,.
,,.
,,
,.,,,
.DADA,
.
SIA,,
,..
,
,.

.,
,.:
.,
.

SIA SSA

.
SIA.
,(
),(),.
(,,
.
)
,,
,,,
,,
,
.
SSA,,
.
,.,
,1500000.

Ssa,,
.,,
,SIA,,
.
,
,,SSA.
,,,
.SSA,.
,
,.

,.,
,
.
,
.
,,.
..
, ,
, .
. ,
, , ,
- , .
.

:
, .
, ? ,
, ,
- , paper clip maximazer, ,
- - .
, , ,
, ,
Doomsday argument,
.
, ,
, , .
, ,
pay off ,
.


, : , DA
, , . ,
.
, , ,
- .
DA ,
, .
DA ,
, .
,
(

). , .
, .
, .
DA
. ,
.

,

1. .
,
, ,
. ,
,
. : ,
, ,
, -,
. ,

.
2. ,
.
. ,
. 1 .
.
.
: . ,
. http://arctic-news.blogspot.ru/
.
3.
,
.
,
.
,
(, ,
, , ).
,
, , (
12900 BC Golocen Impact Group)
. ,
.
,
,
.
. ,
.
, .
4. ,
. ,

. ,
,
. ,
. ,
,
, , 30
,
.
.
, 55 . .
5. Doomsday argument. ,

, ,
, ,
10
1000 . -
- , ,
DA
. DA ,
.
, , ,
. ,
.
.

. 4
.
,
.
10 000,
,
1, 100. baseline
.
,
60 . .
1 6000 ,
1-2 100 , ,
. ,
,
, ,
. (
)
, ,
10 .
10 , 10-20
21 .

DA

- - DA .
DA , ,
.
.
, ,
, DA
,

.
, .

, , ,
, . . ,
- .
Adam, Eve and UN++.

- DA

- DA
. , DA ,
. ,
, ,

. ,
100 .
, .
, ,
,
, .

7.
,

,
,
,
!

- ,
. .
, , ,
. , .
,
, , .

, ,
, .


, .
.


, ,
, . ( 200 ).

,
, (
).

, ,
,
,
( ).
,
,
,
.

:
, , ,
, , ,
? ?


, () .
.
. , ,
,
. ,
.
,
,
.
- ,
. , ,
. Too good to be true ,
.
, .

, .
-, .
, .


,
, .
, ,
, , .
- ,
. (,
16
. .)
. ,
, .
.

. ,
:
) -
) ,
)
) .
)
, ,
. , ,

, ,
. (
- 2032, ,
.)

.
, ,
.
:
. (
),

, .
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ht2KrQGvzF8
,
,
- http://beopenfuture.com/poll
,
-
( )
.
, ,
, medium is the message,
, .
, , -
, , .
, ,
.
, ,
, .
: , ,

.


- 1983 . http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transhumanist_art
, .


, hard core .
., , ., ., . .
.
.

,
, .

.
,

. 20 ,
, ,
( ).
- (??)
, .
,
,
, .
,
. ,
, , ,

.
,
, ,
, , ,
,

.
, ,
, , .

,
, .
1930-50- . ,
.
, .

:
1. ,

, : , ,
. , ,
.
2. , ,
, .

. .
3. -,
.
4.
, ,
. : Scape,
( ).
5. , , , ,
. : ,
.
6.
.
7.
8. .
.
9.
:
. .
10. ,
, ,
.
11. .
.
12
- ()
13. .
14. . ,
,
15.
,
, , .
16. , ,
.
17.

,
, ,
. ,
.
, .
,
.
,
, , , -
. ,
200 . ,
. , ,
. ,
, ,
.
2011
, . 2014
,
,
. ,
, ,
,
.
, ,
, , ,

, . , , -
,
, . ?
, .
8.


, , ,
.
:
, .

.
, .
.

,


,
.


.
,
, , . , ,
,
. ??
,
.
,
1000 .


,
,
, ,
,
, ,
.
, .
, , ,
.
, , .

,
. 18
, , ,
, .
, ,
,

, .
, ,

.
.
,
.
, ,

- , , ,
.

,
.
.
, ,
,
,
.

18
18 , ,
18 ,
-. 18 :

.

.
.??

19 ,
19 -
, ,
. , , .

,
, .
,
. , ,
, .
- .
19 , ,
.

, . ,
, ,
.
, ,
,
.

20 : ,

20 , ,
: , ,
, 20 .
47
77 ,
, , , ,
.
,
.
,
, - ,
, .
.

. 1960-
- .
200 50 .
.
.
. 1986
.
,
,
.
Fm-2030 -
. :
,
, . ,
,
, .
. ,
, ,
.
., 1960-.
- . ,
, 21 .

.

, . ,
, .
,
, .
, , .
.

,
, .

20 ,
21 ,
- . ,
..

20
, . 30-
, .
, ,
.

20 .

,
20 .

, .
. , 40
.

, , ,
- ,
, , , .
.
,
. .
20
.

21

21
, .
, .
, ,
,
.

. .
, ,
,
.

9.
, ,
.
.

.
,
.
,
,
( ,
).

.
:
)
)
)
)
)
.
.

,
,
, . ,
:
, . (
.
, .
.
, ,
,
, .)

, .
, ,
.
, -,
,
, , .
.
. ,
, .
, , ,
,
, ,
, .

.
-



,

, ,
.
,
, .

,
.


-
, , .
,
. ,
.
,
,
.
,
, ,
,
. ,
, , .

-
.
.
.



, 2013- 2030?
,
,

,


,

,
,
, ,
,


,


,
,
,

,
,

.


.
.


.

.


.
.

,


,

,
.

, ,
. , ,
, ,
.
, . ,
,
.
B, D

, , . ,
, ,
-, .
. .
.
,
,
.

.
- ,
,
.
,
, .

, ,
.



,
,
.
-


.


,
, ,
, ,



.
, ,

,


,
, .
.

1 2 3 4


-
,


, ,

.
,
, ,


, ,

,
,

,
,

,


, .
,



,


. ,

-


.


.





,







, ,
, , ,
,
,



,
,

. .

.
,


,



,
,
. ,



,
,



, (
,
,
150
)
,
,



Longevity escape velocity


1 . : ,
, , . , 19
,
.

. ,
,
, ,
, - ,
.
, , .
,
, , .
,
, -
,
, .
, ,
.
,
.

1910 1980, , ,
, .
1960-1970- ,

,
.
93 -
- , 93 .
.
. -

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 89.68 years(2012 estimate)
male: 85.74 years(2012 estimate)
female: 93.77 years (2012 estimate)

15 ,
, ,
, ,
.
,
,
, .
, ,
.


,
. 2013 .
,
21
, , ,
.
,

,
.
, ,
, ,
, ,
. ,
,

.

1960- , .
, , -
,
,
-
.
50 ,
, ,
, 10
.

100 000 . ,
.
10
, 40 70 ,
80 .

,
.
, ,
,
.
, ,
,
15 .
, 1000
. ,
.
:
.
, .

, , .


.
,
.






90 ( 2020



. 87

,
,
,

100 2030 - 2060



,
,
,


100-300 2030 - 2080
,

,
,


1000 2040 - 2100



2050
XXII

, 2050
XXII






,

,


10.


, . ,
,
, .
,
.

. , ,
, 140
, ,
2 .
,
. ,
7 ,
. 7
60 , .
, 20 ,
, , ,
. , ,
, , 71 , 75
.

,
.

, ,
, ?
? ?



:
http://tema.livejournal.com/1372374.html

.
.

, ,
, .
.
.
,
, ,
, .
.
, , ,
,
, .

. . ,
.
http://bes-korablya.livejournal.com/92012.html

,
, .
,
,
, .
,
.
.
.
,
.

.

: ,


, . ,
, , ,
, , .
, ,
, , ,
, , ,
.
.
. , ,
. .
. .
.

,
. , .
, 60 ,
.

, - ,
.
, , , , .

56
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23449779

,
1

1. !!!

2.

3.

1. !

2.

3.

1.

2.

3.

4.
2

1.
2.
3.
4. ,

1. , ;
Longecity
2. : (,
, , )
3.
3



1. . -

(+10 )
2. .
.

3. . ,
, (+7 )
4. .
( - , )


,


1.
2. B, , 2, D
3. ( 10 000 )

1. ( )
2. ,
3.
4.
5.
6.

1.
2.
3. ,
4. ,

1. , 80, ,
, .
.
2. : ,
3.
4.

1. ()
2.
3. ( )

1.
2. ,
3.




1.
2.
3. ( )
4. .

1. (, )
2. (, )
3. (),
4. ()

1.
2.
3. :
4. :



1.
2.
3. -2 ,
4.
5.


1.
2. , , . .
3.

1.
2.
3. -
4.
5. ()
6.
7. ,

()

1.
2.
: , ,
3.
4. , , , , ,

:
, .

: , ,

1. 23andMe

2.
3.
4.

1.
2.

3.
4. , ,



1. , FDA
2.

3.
4.
5.


1. ,
2. : ,
(, , , ),
(, , , ,
)
3. : ,
, , , , .

4.
600
4.
,


1.
2.
3. (,
, )
4.
5.
6.
1. : ,
2. : D, K2, B5, B9, B12
3.
4. Q-10
5. : Omega-3 ( ),
6. : ,
resistent starch
7.
8.

,

:
1.
! ! !
2. ,
:
3. ,

4.

1. . , ,
.
2. .
, ,

3.
4.
5. . NGF


( , )


3. : , DHEA




1.
3. -
4.
5. (
)
6. , .
7.
8. :
9.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6. (, )
7.
8.
9.

1. (Q10, , ,
)
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.


1.
2.
3.
4.

, ,
:
1) ,
2) , ,
3) ,
4) , ,
5) ()
6) (),
7) ,

8) (, , ).
9) (
)
10)
11)


1-2 .
,
, .

.
, ,
,
, ,
.

:


???
,

3 . ,
, ,

. , ,

, :
,
, ,
, .

,
,
,
.

.


,
53 ,
.
.

.
.

,
,

,
. .

.

. ,
, ,
. ,
.

,
.



.
,
10 ( )
.

(http://doctorpiter.ru/articles/1813/ -
).
2004
http://www.who.int/whr/2004/annex/topic/en/annex_2_en.pdf
,
. 57 .. ,
, , ,
.



, , ,
.
, , , .
:
-
- ,
,
-
.
- .

: , ,

,
,
, .
,
. Ali H. Mokdad. Actual Causes of Death in the United States, 2000
http://www.csdp.org/research/1238.pdf

Table 2. Actual Causes of Death in the United States in 1990 and 2000

Actual Cause No. (%) in 1990* No. (%) in 2000

Tobacco 400 000 (19) 435 000 (18.1)

Poor diet and physical inactivity 300 000 (14) 400 000 (16.6)

Alcohol consumption 100 000 (5) 85 000 (3.5)

Microbial agents 90 000 (4) 75 000 (3.1)

Toxic agents 60 000 (3) 55 000 (2.3)

Motor vehicle 25 000 (1) 43 000 (1.8)

Firearms 35 000 (2) 29 000 (1.2)

Sexual behavior 30 000 (1) 20 000 (0.8)

Illicit drug use 20 000 (1) 17 000 (0.7)


Total 1 060 000 (50) 1 159 000 (48.2)
2.5
, .
( ,
), .

.
, .
,
.
.
.
, .

. ,
, .

-
-
-

(1200 . 2004 )
.
. ,
, ,
.
-
, ,
( ) ,
, . ,
.
,
.
,
.

.
.
.
, ,
.
, ,
.
,
. ,
- 18 .
.

: , , ,

, ,
, . ,
. ,
.
.

, .

: ,

.
(, , 200
). ,
(18 ).

.

. 20 ,
, 1 ,
. ,


. , .

,
.
, , , ,
,
.

, .

11.


. .
,
.
,
. ,

.,
.

.
, , , , .

. , , ,
.
, ,
.
,
, , .


.
58
, ,
.
. 3
10 , ,
. :
, ,
, ,
.
.
.

.
. .
,
, .
,
, , ,
, ,
, . ,
, ,
. ,
: ,

. .
.
- ,
.
,
. ,

,

.



:
1) ,
, , ,
. ,
.
2)
, ,
,

3 10 .
3)

,
, -,
.
2010
.
,
.
,
, ,
,
.
,
,
, .

100 .
,
.

200-300 . (
, ,
,
100 ,
.)
4)

.
5) .

XXI ,
, .
,
, 400
. , ,
,
.
,
. -.


, , .
, ,
.
.

1. .
, ,
, ,
. , , ,
. ,
, . 20 .

1.
, .
, ,
.

2. .
, ,
. ,
, . 40 .
,
,
, .

3. , .
SENS ,

7 , ,
. ,
. ,
,
. 60 .

4 .
, .
, , ,
, . 80 .

,
. (?) ,
.

.
, ,
. .,
.
. ,
.
- .
,
- .
,
, .
,
,

SENS, ,
,
, ,
, ,
. , SENS
, 15 ,
, ,
-, ,
.

80- ,
,
. ,
.
,
,
,
.

,
, , ,
.
, ,
, , .
, ,
, ,
,
.

, ,
, ,
.
, ,

.
, , , , 60 .
.

, .
,
, ,
. , ,

, .

. , -
,

. ,

,
, .
-
http://moikompas.ru/compas/goliy_zemlekop
,
.
, ,
,
, , . (
, ;
, , .)


.
, ,
.
, ,
,
http://www.sciencel.com/iresource/science_news/971
: ,
, , ,
, , ,
, .



,
. , 2 , 15 . 1-2
, 28 . ,
, , 400 . ,

.

; 80 . IGF-
1, ,
, 10
. http://www.lenta.ru/news/2008/02/07/longlife/
.

M-Prize
5 2
2003 . 2003 ,
6 .
.
-
, 110
. , ,
, .


.
,
, .
,
,
,
.

SENS
SENS
, .
, ,
.
, ,

.
.
, ,
- , .
,
.
,
1000 . Actuarial escape
velocity,
.
.
.
,
, . ,
, ,
, .
:
1) .
,
.

,
.

, .

.
2) .
,
, ,

.
,

-
.
3) .
,
, ,
.
, ,
.
,
, -,
,
.
. ,
,
.

,

.
4) .
.
(
),
, .
5) .
.
, , ,
.
,
.
6) .
, , ,
, .
, ,
, .
,
.
7) .
.
,
, , ,
.
,
.
,


, ,
.
Calorie restriction,
, .
, , ,
, .
1934 , ,
, .
, ,
.
(
) 30-40
.
,
, .
:

.
,
, 2007 . ,
PHA-4 ,
.



.

,
.
, ,
(, SIRT-1),
, .
,

.
,
,
( ,
, ).

, ,
.

.
..


,
.


,
,
, .
, , ,
. , , ,
.
,
, .
.


,
( ,
52 ),
.
,
. ,
,
.
,
.



.
400 ,
1200.
,
. .
.
,

.

(
).
, ,

.

, ,

, .

,
. ,
,
,
.
.

-.


,
,
.

,
,
-
, . -
60 -
.
,
, ,
, , , ,
.
, ,
- ,


, , -
. .


http://perst.isssph.kiae.ru/Inform/perst/2005/5_09/n.asp?file=perst.htm&label=E_5

-


, , ,
.
,
, ,
,
.
,
.
,
.
.


.
.
:

.
.
,
.

.
.

. .

, .
,
,
.
,
, , .

, ,


. , ,
, ,
,

.

,
.
.

10-20 , 2 .
,
. ,

20 , , .






60

Denigma
.


10 60
,
.
.
,
,
.
2008 1000
.
.


, , -

regression to the mean
.
, ,
,
.

,
.
(?)
, .


.
.

. ,
.


,
. ,
,
.
, ,
.
, , ,
.
,
.
, ,
, , , .

,
.
, ,
. (
, , ).
. ,
,
-
.

,
, .
, .
.
,
, ,
.

- , - ,
-
. .
, .
.



,
,
. 200-
300 . ,
.
,
,
,
.

, , ,

,
.
:
1.
2.
3.
4
, , , .
, ,
.

, :
,
,

(
, )
. ,
100 000 50 ,
,
, .

. ,
, ,
.
,
, ,
.
, ,

. ,
, ,
,
. ,
,
.

,
.

-

.
.
, ,
.
. . ,
- , .


3D .
,
. ,
,
, .


,
.
,
(?) .



, .
.

IQ
, -
,
.


- ,
,
,
. , , .

, ,

, ,
(
), .

. ,

, ,
.
:
-
- , .
-
( )
-
-
-
.
- ,
.

, , .
-
.
(, ) - , ,
, .
- , .
-
.
,

- ,

-
:

, (,
)

12.

,
,
.


,
, ,
.


(, )
( , ).
,
. , ,
, .
, , ,
,
.

,

.

,
, :
, ,
.

.
.
, ,

. .


, .
, ,
70- .
,
, .
, .
,
.

20
, , .

,
.

21
, , , , . 2013
.
.

,
, ,
. .

,
, . ,
. , ,
.

,
, , ,
, .
.

.


,
, .
,
, , .

, ,

, , ,
.
, IBM Watson
http://www.metamed.com/,

.
,
, ,
, ,
, . ,
, .

? -
. , ,
, - .
, ,
,
.


. 500
.

RobertA.FreitasJr.,ChristopherJ.Phoenix"Vasculoid:APersonalNano
medicalAppliancetoReplaceHumanBlood"

,

.
,
.

.
, ,
.
,
.
, .

.

, .


- .
-
, .
,
,
.
,
.
, ,
,
, . ,

.

, ,
,
, . ,
,
,

.
:
)
)
) (
)
) .


.

,
.


, ,
,
,
,
3D .

. ,
, ,
. ,
,
. , ,
.



.
:



.
:
( -)
(-) .

.
, ,
,
(, , ,
, , ).
,
.
, , ,
, - .

, ,
,
.
,
.
, ,
, , , ,

,
. -
. 2010-2012

, 2017 .

.
,
.
( )
. .
, .
.

,
. ,
, , ,
. .
,
. ,

( ),
, , , .
, , , ,
. (

,
, -
, .)
.

. ,
. , ,
, .
:

, .
,
.


.
,
, .
,
, ,
.

, .

, , ,
.
,
, .

, .
,
- ,
.

12.
?

,
.
.
-
.
. .
, ,
, , ,
.
, :
)
, .
)
.
)
)

. ,
,
. ,
, ,
.
,
. ,
: ,
. ,

.

, , :
, .
.

.


,
.
(. http://www.bodycloning.ru/,
http://bodycloning.info/library/Transplantation/)

. , , ,
.
. , ,
. ,
, ,
.
( ,
.)
, .
(
, ).

. ,
, . ,
.
,
.
.
, .
, , .
, , ,
. ( ,
), ,
,
. , , , , ,
, .

http://feww.files.wordpress.com/2009/01/abigail-and-brittany.jpg

.
.
, ,
. . ,
. , ( )
. . ,
,
( ). .
,
(, 5000 )
.
,
. ,
.
, ,
.



, ,
. ,
, , , .

, , .

, ,
100 .
. .
.
, ,
.
.
19
, .
http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn3135
:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304394002002136#aff1


,
.
, , ,
.
.
,
, ,
. 10
.
.
http://www.boston.com/news/world/asia/articles/2007/03/01/rural_chinese_glad_to_ea
rn_cash_for_blood/?page=2
500
, .
,
1000 .
,
,
.

. ,
.


.
. ,
, .
,
, .


10 ( ,
-
7 .) , ,
, , -
, . ,
, . ,
10 , 10
- .

, ,

,
,
.

- ,
.
, .

, - ,
,
,
. ,
. .
,
.

.

-,
:
) , .
) ,
.
)
.
) ,
.
) -
.

-
.
, .
, , ,
,
. , ,
, .
, ,
, .

.

Most oxygenators come with a manufacturer's recommendation that they


are only used for a maximum of 6 hours, although they are sometimes used for up to
10 hours, with care being taken to ensure they do not clot off and stop working. For
longer periods than this, an ECMO (extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation) or VAD
(ventricular assist device) circuit is used, which can be in operation for up to 31 days
- such as in this Taiwanese case, for 16 days, after which the patient received a heart
transplant http://argonov.livejournal.com/60792.html?
view=972920#t972920

20
http://www.pnas.org/content/105/45/17318

-
,
. 2045 .
, , ,
. , , ,
, .
, ,
, , .
, - ,
, , ,
.
, ,
- .
, ,
,
, , . ,
,
,

.
, , -
.

-
, , .
,
. ,
.

,


. .


, ,
.

13.


,
,
, .

, .

.
10 .
. (10**7)**3 = 10**21 . . 10**18 10
, 10**17 .
,
.
, 10 ,
99 ,
. ,
,
,
,
, .
, ,
,
. ,
, .
, (
)
, , .
(electrocerebral silence-ECS)
. http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/_
1000 .
100 000 .
, . ,
100-1000 ,
, , , ,
.
, 100-1000 .
45 .
.

.
10-20 ,
.

,
. ,
.
50 ,
16.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nanotomography
-
. , ,
, .

MRI (Magnetic resonance imagin)


.
,
MRI .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MRI#MRI_versus_CT
MRI ,
, .

,
,
.
.
.

(
, )
200 , .
Nanoscale scanning probe ferromagnetic resonance imaging using localized
modes http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v466/n7308/full/nature09279.html

,
,
.
, ,
, ,

. . ,
,
, .

. , fmi
. - 100
.
Survey of brain imaging techniques with implications for nanomedicine
http://www.foresight.org/Conference/MNT8/Papers/Flitman/index.html

.
http://www.singularity.com/charts/page159.html

10 20 ,
0.1 2000 . 10 000
, , ,
2080 . .

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mind_uploading

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnetoencephalography

(?)
, ,

, ,
, .

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confocal_laser_scanning_microscopy

,
.
. ,
.
http://lenta.ru/news/2012/02/03/mouse/

.


, ,

. ,
, .
,
, .
, , ,
.
. ,
.
, , , ,
, ,
.

,
,
.
. ,
, .
,
,
.
,
.
, . ,
,

, ,
,
. ,
, , , ,
. ,

.

( ).
, .

: ( )
http://www.integro.ru/system/new_science/field_obj/magnit.htm


:
http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/1112543784/magnetic-field-of-the-
brain-measured/
, ,
.
, .

306 2011
http://mcgovern.mit.edu/technology/meg-lab
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnetoencephalography

.
( ) ,
, , .

. ,
, .
, .
,
.
, ,
. , ,
,
. ,
, .
,
, ,
, .

http://jetpletters.ac.ru/ps/603/article_9469.shtml
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_cloning
, , ,
.
, .


, .
, ,
, ,
, ,
.

:


, ,



.
.

,

,
, - .

-,
.

- E.Coli
, ,
.


,
, .
,
. ,
, , .

,
.

, ,

.

( ).

.

, .
, ,
.

.
, ,

. , ,
, .
,
, .
, , - ,
, .

,
.

,
,
. ,
, ,
-
. ,
.
, - ,
.

,
-
,

. , ,
,
.
,
, , -
.


.
,
. (
,
,
.)
,
,
, . ,
, ,
,
. ,
, .

,
.
, ,
, .
, ,
.

,
. ,
, .
,
.
,
.
,
,
.
-,
,
-, , , -
,
, ,
.
, ,
, ,
, ,
, , ,
, ,
( ,
, ,
( ) . ,
, , ,
.
, , ,
,
, (
).

, ,
, ,
,
.
. ,
.
,
,
. , ,
.


2015 ,
200 . . 0.1 0.1 ,
10 , .
1000 ,
.
,1.,

,,
.

http://spectrum.ieee.org/biomedical/imaging/the-worlds-most-powerful-mri-takes-
shape#.UmmMISR-LWA.facebook
14.

, , ,

,
. .
,
. ,
, ,
,
.
.
, ,
,
. ,
. ,
, .
, ,

, . ,
,
. .
,
MIRI. .
,
, .

,
. ,
, ,
, , ,
. .
, ,
. , ,
,
, ,
.
, ,
.
,
, -
. ,
,
, .

(, )

, .



-
. - ,
,
, ,
,
- ,
. , ,
, .
- ,
, .
, .
. .
.
, .
.
. , , .

. ,
, .
- - , .
, ,
.
.
,
, , ,
, . ,
, , .

. -
. , ,
. ,
. ,
, .
-, ,
. ,
, ,
,
.
, -,
.
, .
.
:
,
. -
,
- -
. , ,
, .
, ,
, ,
, .
.


.
.
. - -
, , .
,
.
,
. .
. ,

- .
, , .
.
. ,
- .
,
. Texas
instruments.
,
.
.
.
, ,
, , ,
, ,
.
.
.
,
, ,
.
,
, .
. .

.
,
,
. ,
,
.
.
(, , ,
). .
,
.
.
, , .
.
.
.
, , .
, ,
, ,
, -
, .
.
.
.
, .
,
,
.
,
.
.

,
, , ,
,
.

2030 ,
, , . ,
,
,
, .
:
, ,
, .
.
.
, .
.
,

. ,
,
.

15

. ,
.
, , ,
, ,
. ,
,
. , :

FDA
, -
.

, , .
.

, ,
.

, ,
.
.
, ,
,
, .
FDA , ,
Abiocor.
,
.
,
, ,
. ,
.
-
FDA,
.



, ,



, -
.

,
,
, (
). ?


.
,
3-5 , . ,
,
.

,
.
,
.
, ,
,
.

.


. , ,
,
: (
) .

2020 ,
, 2040 ,
.


, " "
2020-2030. " ",
.

( -
,
, .
, .
,
,

.

,
. ,
.
, .
, Open AI .)

, .
,
,
.
:
, ,


13.

, .
, , :
, ,
, .
,
. ,

.
, ,

.
, - , -
, .
,
.

.

.

,
, .

, 18 ,
, ,
. ,
( ,
). 1846
,

.
, 1847 .
- ,
, ,
.
. ,
,

19 ,
1848 . 1880-
, .
, ,
.

,
. 1956
, .

. , ,
, .
.
, .
, ,
. ,
. ,
, 1967 .
40 ,
200 ,
2 . ,
, .
.

,
, , :
1) ,
, , ,
, . ( 1995

.)
2)
.
.
.
,
. ,
, ,
,

.

, ,
. .
, -
. . 200 50
. 1000 , ,
.
, .
, , -
.
.

, ,
, ,
.
(
, ).
. ,
, .
, -60 .
,
, ,
. , -60
, , ,
, - .
, , -60
.

,
. ( ,
-57 .)

,
, -
, .
.
,
-20 .
.
,
50 .
, ,
.
, , .

XXI , .
(trade-off)
. ,
, .
.
,
.


.
. 6 ,
.
, .
, .
:
1) . ,
, .
2) : ,
, , .
3) -, . , ,
, ,

. . (
,
, , ,
.)
100
. - .
4) .
, .
5) .
, .

.


. , ,
.
.
,
, .
, -
( ).


,
. , ,
, ,
, , .

.

,
, .
,
. ,
.

,
, , ,
. , ,
.
.
, , , ,
. ,
, , ,
.
, .
,
, .
, ,
,
, (
). ,
.
( ,
.)

http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/__

,
( ) ,
.

.
, ,
. , ,
, , .
,
, , ,
.

,
, ,
. ,

,
. ,
.
.
,
,
(
, ).
,
, .
: , .
.
. - , -
.
, 11- ).
( , , ),
.
,
. ( ,
.)


.


. ,
.
(
), . ,
( ), ,
,
. ,
, . ,
. ,
, . ,
.
. .
. ( ,
, .)
-
.

, .
, .
, .
, , (
) .

, ,
.
, ,
.
:
1)
.
(
, ),
, ,
.
, , .
, .

.
,
. ,
, 20 21 .

, , .
2)
,
( ). -
,
.
, ,
. ,
, ,
. ,
.



.
.
. .
. .
. ,
, .
, ,
.
, .
.
.

.
,
. ,
, .
, , .

?
,
. ,
, , ,
.
, - 10 ,
"". - "".
, , " ".
,
, .
Brain Observatory, . ,
.

Survival Strategies
Authors: David A. Eubanks
Cite as: arXiv:0812.0644v1 [q-bio.PE]
Abstract: This paper addresses the theoretical conditions necessary for
some subject of study to survive forever. A probabilistic analysis leads to some
prerequisite conditions for preserving, say, electronic data indefinitely into the future.
The general analysis would also apply to a species, a civilization, or any subject of
study, as long as there is a definition of "survival" available. A distinction emerges
between two approaches to longevity: being many or being smart. Natural selection
relies on the first method, whereas a civilization, individual, or other singular subject
must rely on the latter. A computational model of survival incorporates the idea of
Kolmogorov-type complexity for both strategies to illustrate the role of data analysis
and information processing that may be required. The survival-through-intelligence
strategy has problems when the subject can self-modify, which is illustrated with a
link to Turing's Halting Problem. The paper concludes with comments on the Fermi
Paradox.
http://arxiv.org/abs/0812.0644

,
.
, .
, , ,
, ,
.
?
,
.

. , ,
.
. ,
, , ,
- ,
.

, ,
,
.

1999 - . 40
, . 40
,
. 3 55 ,
.

http://iscience.ru/2012/02/09/issledovateli-ishhut-sposoby-reanimacii-
mertvyx/

,
. .
. -
- .
, ,
- .


,
;
, .

,
.

. 0 4 .
, .
.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vitrification_freezer
,
. ,
, ,
.
, , ,
.

1990- ,
, .
.
, ,
. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryonics
(
).

. ,
2000 .
.
http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayFulltext?
type=1&fid=1216300&jid=MAM&volumeId=13&issueId=S02&aid=1216296
- http://www.benbest.com/cryonics/pressure.html
20 2000 , 20 000 ,
.
20, 2100 ,
. ,
.
, . ( ).


. ,
. .

, ,
.


.

.
,
. (
, ,
, . ,
.)

. 100 ,
.
.

. ,
.
,
.
.
, ,
,

.
,
, .
http://www.overcomingbias.com/2012/06/plastination-is-near.html
http://www.gwern.net/plastination
A Possible Cure for Death, 1988 by Charles B. Olson
Medical Hypotheses 26 (1988) 77-84 Longman Group UK Ltd 1988
http://accelerating.org/articles/apossiblecurefordeath.html

, ,
,
.

,
.

,
, ,

. ,
, .

.

,
20
?

,
20 ?

-
.
,
.
iO9
http://io9.com/5943304/how-to-preserve-your-brain-by-turning-it-into-plastic
.. ,


,
.
, 15


. .
,
, .
, ,
.
,
.
.
,
-,
,
2020 .
.
., 302 6000 ,
. ,
Openworm
http://www.openworm.org/
.,
,
.
1980- ,
. ,
, .

. , ,
,
, .
http://www.jefftk.com/p/whole-brain-emulation-and-nematodes
, , , ,
, ,
. ,
, .
, ,
,
.
.
,
.
,


.
,
-
, , ,
.

,
,
, , ,

,
.
. ,
, ,
, ,
. ,
, ,
, . Openworm
,
.
,
,
.
, .
,
,
, - .
, ,
, , ,
. .
,
Openworm .

gwern
http://www.gwern.net/plastination

,

- ( .),
5 ,
. , ,
. ,
, .
- ()
().
, , .

.
, .
.

(-40 - , -
). , 80-100
. http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/
%D0%A1%D0%B8%D0%B1%D0%B8%D1%80%D1%81%D0%BA
%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D1%83%D0%B3%D0%BB%D0%BE
%D0%B7%D1%83%D0%B1
,
100 -
,
- 100 ,
.
-
. ,
. ,
, , ,
,
.
, ,
,
. ,
, ,
.

,



,
, ,


















.
.
,
.
, ,
.
, ,
,
( ).
, stand
by ,
. ,
, , .
, ,
legally dead.
.
,
.
,
, . ,
- ,
.
, ,
. , , ,
.
: , ,
? ,
, .
legally dead
,
. .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legal_death
,

.
,
?

-
. ,
, ,
20 . ,
.

.
. ( ,
).


- 1 .
http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2012-08/fyi-how-long-
can-brain-live-dish

, ,

, ,

,
.
,
, .

, , , Sustained
animation


,
2013 .

, .
.
.
, ,
( )
. ,
. (12 000 ,
70 000 )
,
,
,
.
,
.
1. ,
.
, .
2. .
, .
, , .

.
3. ,
.
4. ,
1
, , ,
, ,
. ,
.
5.
,
, 0 +1 ,
, .
6.

, ,
, ,
.
, ,
,
.
, ,
,
.
.

.

,
12-24 .
20 40 .
:
-
- , ,
, ,
, .
http://nextbigfuture.com/2013/07/modern-resuscitation-science-will-soon.html


11.
( )

,
,
, .
,
,
.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_immortality ,
,
, .

.
,

. ,
.
,
.

20 ( 1990) ( 1990
) ,
,

,
.
2011 -2,
-1 ,
,
, .

, ,
.
2008 2011 -

.

.

(http://www.myistop.com/blogs/sgrao/how-many-
bytes-human-memory "How Much Do People Remember? Some
Estimates ofthe Quantity of Learned Information in Long-term
Memory", in CognitiveScience 10, 477-493, 1986)
10**9 , 125 ,
- 2
.
,
.
, .
(,

?)
Crevier. D. The tumultuous history of the search for
AI, Basic Books-Harper, New York, 1993 2,5 ,
,
. ( .
,
, . ,
10 1 ,
.
gif-
10 . 100 1 , 1 10 000
(30 ). 1 ,
.) ,
,
(, , ,
, ,

.)
, ( ),
,

.
, 100 .
10 000 ,
. ,
, 105578932879
5 .
, . ,
, .

, .
2 ( ).

, 10**16 ,
.

. , ,
: , .)

12 000 , 6
. ,
.
.
,
(
, 1 /
). ,
20 ,
, 40 .
2,5 200 .) ,
. , ,
100
( ).
.
, ,
? -,
20 ,
.
.

.
, ,
,
.
.
. .
.
,
,
.

.
, .
(, )
.
, .
.
, .
, ,
10 . 5
, 100 , ,
500 . 5 .
. 2
, 1 /.
10 % ,
, , , , , .
, 10
/, 5 (,
8 ). ,
, 10 .
,
.

, ,
, .

.
. , ,
-
.

.
,
, . (+
500 ).
, ,
. , , , ,
, , , ,
,
9/10 , .
250 .

, .
, ,
( ), , .
,
. , (
) .
, -
. , , ,
.
.
,
. ,
. 125 . ,

. .
.
, ,
15 , ,
10 .
,
,
.
.

.
,
.

,
,
. ,
, .
-. ,
.
,
, . ,
.
. .
, .
, .
:
) ,
. ,
.
)
, . , ,
, ,
. , ,
, ,
- .
)
. , ,
,
, .

.
, , 10 ,
, , . 10
, .
.

,
.
. , .
. 8 2013
.
, ,
, .
. 10-20
, ,
.



.
.
. ,
.
, .
.
.
--
--.

, .

. , , . ,
,
, .
500 ,
, ,
(), .
.
, , .
--
.
. ,
,
. ,
, .
, ,
,
.

( ), ,
.
.

. ,
,
,
. , (
). ,
( ,
; ).

,
.
.
, .
( ,
) ,

. , .

,
. , ,
, . ,
- .
,

.

.
, 10 .
,
.
, .
.
.
,
. , ,
,
. ,
.
. ,
. .


.
, , , 1973 ,
.

, . ,
- . ,
, . ,
, ( )
, .
, .
, , 10 000-
.
. ,
, ,
.
, , ,
. ,
-
.
,
.
,
,
. ,
. ( , ).
- .
" ", .
,

.

,
. ( ),
.

.
( ).
1. : .
,
.
, ,
. 100-200 ,
. ,
.
2. ,
,
.
, -. 16
,
. , ,
, ,
, ,
.

3.
.
.

4. ,
, . 200 .
5. .
.
6. () ,
.
7.
. .
. 30-40.
8. .
-.
.
9. .
,
.

,
2012 , .

, ,
. .

.
.
.
. ,
(
, , ,
, )
,
.
,
.
.
,
. ,
.
,
.
,

.
,
.
, ,
.
.

,
.
,
.
Looxie 2 .
http://www.looxcie.com/products/ 320 ,
, 5,5
, .
,
.
Evocam
,
. ,
. PC.
,
.
. 4 ,
, .
.
, ,
, .
,
.
, , ,
10 .

,
. ,
.
.


.

. (10 ?)
-
, - - .
,
:
)
) ; DVD .
)
) , , ,
,
. .

,
.
, ,
.
, 5-10 .

, . ,

-.
: , ,
( ,
) DVD
,
.
- ,
, ,
(
).
,
. 5-10,
.
,
,
.
.

, .
,

.
, . ,
,
.
, ,
, ,
.
.

.

self-bomb

, 2013 ,

.
,
, ,

.

. 2000
, 2013 ,
, , .
100 .

10 , .

, .
,
. 2013
10 .
,
, -, , ,
, ,
, ,
.
10 .
10
, DVD,
. .

, .
, 10 ,
, .
,

. 16 2013 10-20 usd.
( ,
, ) ,
,
1 , .
10 .
, .
,
, , -.
, ,
.
rot13 .

23 and me.
2010 , 1000
. 25 3 .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M-DISC


.
, 1.5 5 .
.

- 10-20,
,
: , ,
. ,
, .

,
, , ,
, .

. ,
.
.
, 23andMe,
,
. 2020 ,
, .
, Google,
.
, , , ,
.
,
, ,
, .
, -,
.
, ,
, .

2013 , Google Glass


. , ,
.
, , .
1990

, -
, - .
. , ,
, ,
.
, is common,
, ,
.
.
1990 ,
, .

1987 . ,
. ,
( 4-6 ).
. X
, X.
X, .
,
.
, ,
, . ,
, ,
-- (
).
, .
,
.

. ,
,
, .
.

,

.
,
. -
, - .
, ,
, .
. ,
.
HD-
( )

.
, , .
: , ,
. .
,
, .
, .
,
,
: , , , ,
. , , ,
, .
, , , .

.
, ,
, , .
,
, .

, .
(2011)
.
3-4 . 1000 = 1
.
, -
, , ,
. ,
(, ),
, , .
,
.
, ,
, , .
, ,
, -
, , .

, , (
), .
,
( , ,
, , ,
). , ,
.
.
,
, . -
, - .

,
,
X, X. ,
, .
, , .
,
.
,
,
, . ,
, . ,
. ,
. ( )

.
.
.

,
, ,
. ,

. ,
.
.

,
. ,
.

.
,
, . (,
,
- - . ,
). ,
. ,
, ,
,
.

,
.

,
.
. , ,
,
, .
, ,
.
,
, , .
,
, ,
.
1987 ,
1985 . , ,
, , ,
, , . , (
) , .
14 , ,
, ,
. ,
, , .

,
, .
,
.
.

-
, .



, .
, ,
.
,
. ( , ?) " "
, ,
. .

( ,
).
, ,
( ) .

, , 1% ,
5%, 0,9% , 3%
http://ivanov-petrov.livejournal.com/1459652.html?#cutid1 ,

, .
.

,
, -, . ,
.
, , ,
, .
.
,
/ . ,
. , , ,
, .
, , , ,
(
). , , ,
,
( ). .
,
, .
,
, .
cut off ,
,

. , ,
, .


,
.
, . , ,
.
.
,
, ,
, .
. ,
,
.
,
, .
.
, ,
. ,
.

.
(
).
,
,
.
,
, -,
.
.
: ,
.
.

, , .
.

-
, . , ,
, , , , .


.

. ,
1 ,
. ,
100 . ,
, ,
50 .
( ) ,
.
, 10 000 ,
,
1000.
, .
( ).
, .

. , ,
,
.

,
. ,
, , ,
.

,
,


, .


. ,
.
, ,
,
. ,
.

,
,
.
.


.
1/10000, (
- 1/100).

.
, , ,
.
.


,

.
, , , 5%.
, 150
. ( 100
, 150 1 / 2**50 = 8*10**-
16, .)
, 150
.
, ,
.
, 22 ,
(/ )
, (
, ). 10**14
( ) 1
, .
, 10**14 ,
, , .
,
.
,
, (1%),
,
, (10%).


, ,
. ,
, ,
.

,
,
.
,
.
, , .
,
. 30
, .


,
.
1 , ,
. (
). ,
,
, , ,
, , .

- .
, , .

.

. , .
( )
100 . .
.
3000 100 =
300 . ,
, .
,
.
,
.


,
, , ,
, , , , .
,
, . ,
,
.

.
,
.
, . , ,
,
, , ,
. ,
, .


:
.
.
, ,
. .
.
.
, .
, .
, .
, !
.
,
, ,
.

.

,
. , ,
, ,
.
,
: , .
,
, , ,
, , .
, ,
,
. .
,

. ,
,
,
. ,
.
, , ,
,
.
? -
, .

,
, ,

.
, ,
.


, ,
. ,
,
, .
, , ,
-
, .
- "" ,
,
. ,
, ,
, ,
,
.

,
,
.
1.
, .
2. ,
, ,
, .
3. ,

4
, . .


,
.

,
, ,
, , ,
.

- ,
(:
).
, - ,
.
.
. , .
,
,
.
,
, , ,
, .
.
.
: , ,
120 , ,
.
, , ,
, ,
, .
,
.
.
: (
,
),
( ,
).


.
,
.
, , ,
. ,
. -
,
, - .

.
http://q3d.livejournal.com/137619.html


http://livingtomorrow.livejournal.com/77168.html#cutid1

http://www.cyberev.org/


http://io9.com/you-ll-probably-never-upload-your-mind-into-a-computer-
474941498

Bainbridge, William Sims. Progress toward Cyberimmortality


http://books.google.ru/books?id=EakLzDV-
xJ0C&pg=PA107&lpg=PA107&dq=Progress+toward+Cyberimmortality&source=bl
&ots=wY15-
P63GZ&sig=zkBAkzYDsH74ISr9tUVpJpcFZHg&hl=ru&sa=X&ei=hrx-
UpmsIqXa4ATi2oGgCQ&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Progress
%20toward%20Cyberimmortality&f=false
,
, ,
.

1 -



- ,
,

?




72
http://www.cognionics.com/index.php/products-2/hd-
eeg-systems/72-channel-system



,


10. (
)


,
, , ,
.
()
.
. ,
.

.
,
, ( ) .
, ,
. ,
,
1000 . 500
. -
? , ,
, .
, ,
-, ,
.
,
,
- .


: .
Tegmark, Max, 'The Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics: Many Worlds or Many
Words', (Preprint, September 15, 1997)
http://arxiv.org/pdf/quant-ph/9709032
1880- . :
. , ,

,
. ,
,
...
, ,
, , 1881 .
: 6000
. :
, , .
. (.
http://mserrano.narod.ru/books/nitzche.htm)
,
,
,
,
.

http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/___ - 1890 .
,
.

, .
, ,
, .
1990 , :
, ,
,
, .
, . 1999
, ,
( .). James Higgo Does the 'many-worlds' interpretation of
quantum mechanics imply immortality? http://www.higgo.com/quantum/qti.htm
,
? http://www.proza.ru/texts/2007/05/22-04.html



:
1) .
2) . ( :
.
. ,
, , .)
:
,
, .
, ,
, , - , -
.
,
,
, .
, , ,
, . .

self-sampling assumption
,
: self-sampling assumption, ,
,
.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self-Sampling_Assumption
. (
, , .
, self-sampling asuimption
self-indication assumption -- ,
,
, .
, ,
, .
,
, .
, ,
,
,
.


:
. . , -
, ,
, .
, .
.
,
, , . ,
. :
(
) . :
, ,
? ().
-
,
,
. , ,
.

. . Parallel
Universes. Max Tegmark http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0302131
http://www.everettica.org/article.php3?ind=126
, , ,

10 10**28
, .

. ,
1 .
: ,
. ,
- ,
.
, - , ,
. ,
. .
(
).
,
.
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/__
10 ** (-35)
,
10**(10**12)) . ,

.

.
, .
, .
- ,
-
.
, ,
,
. , ,
. ,

.
,
. 10**10**28 ,
, , 10**10**12 . ( ,
: ,
.)
,
, ,
.
, ,

, ,
.
,
.

.
,
, ,
.
4 ,
= , ,

.
, ,
.
,
. , 10
.
, .
Don N. Page. Observational Consequences of Many-Worlds Quantum Theory.
http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/9904004/
,
.
10**40.
, ,
, ,
. ,
.


? -,
. (
, .)
,
.
, , , ,
.
.
, .

.
, .
,
, , 10**500
. ,
, 1/10**500.

.
,
,
, .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modal_realism ..
,
.
, , ,
. ,
, .

): . -
,
. , ,
, ,
.
,
, .
, , ,
-, ,
. , ,
,
- .
(
) ,
- , .
, , ,
( ),
. ,
,
.

:
, .
,
.
: ,
.

:
. Knobe J., Olum K.D. and Vilenkin A. 2006. Philosophical
Implications of Inflationary Cosmology. British Journal for the Philosophy of
Science, Volume 57, Number 1, March: 313323. http://philsci-
archive.pitt.edu/archive/00001149/00/cosmology.pdf
.
, ,
.


, , , .
, .
,
, .
,

, ,
, ,
.
. ,

,
.
.
, .
, ,
,
, ,
, .
,
, . ,
. -, ,
,
, ,

.


. ,
, ,
. , ,
( ).
, , 100
,
.
, (),
( ),
,
. ,
, .

,

, .
, :
, :
: ,
. , .
, ,
. , ,
,
. , , ,
.

, .
,
,
.
,
, .
,
.
,
, ,
10 10 28.
,
. , ,
, . ,
, , .

, .
,
, ,
, , ,
, , .
, , ,
, .
, ,
.
, , ,
, , 1 ,
2 .

,
. , ,
.

, ,
,
, .
, , . :
,
, . :
140 , ,
, . ,
.

, .
Jacques Mallah. Many-Worlds Interpretations Can Not Imply 'Quantum Immortality
http://arxiv.org/abs/0902.0187
: , ,
(observer-moments),

.

, ,
, .

, ,

.
, (
, , ),
.
, , ,
, ,
.
,
.
, ,
, , , .
120
,
.

,
,
. , ,
( , ,
.)


,
. ,
. ,
.
,
,
, .


, ,
, ,
. : 1) ,
-.
. 2)
,
, .

, ,
, 1 , 2 ,
? .
?
, ,
. : ,
.
.
, ,
, :
) ( ,
).
) . (
, ).
,
.


,
, .
, . ,
.
. ( ,
:
. ,
. ,
, .
.)

. , ,
. Bayes,
Moravec and the LHC: Quantum Suicide, Subjective Probability and Conspiracies
http://www.aleph.se/andart/archives/2008/09/bayes_moravec_and_the_lhc_
quantum_suicide_subjective_probability_and_conspiracies.html

,
,
. ,
.


: ,
. .
,
, .
, .
:
(, ).
, , ,
,
.
,
, ,
,
( , ).
.
,
.
,
,
. ,

. ,
, , , .
- , ,
, . ,
,
.

(, ),
.
.


, ,
, . :
- ,
,
.

, - , , .
, .
,
.
,
( ,
, - ).
,
.

( , ),
: ,
. , , ,
,
.
,
. ,
, , , , -
, .
: , , ,
, : other men die; but I Am not another;
therefore I'll not die. , .
, ,
Ultima Thule. ( ,
,
.)


.

. , ,
, ,
- . ,

.


, ,
. ,
, .
,
.
- --.
( !)
.

, .
. ,
,
. ,
, ,
.
, .
, ,
,
.
,
.




, ,
.
,
, .
,
1000 , , ,
.
, ,
. (, 1000
, ,
, .)
, , .
,
.
, ,
(). , -,
,
, , -, .
,
, .

. ,
, , ,
, .
, , .
,
,
, ,
.
.
.
.
.
, , ,
.
, ,
.
,
. , N- .
, - , ,
. ,
,
,
,
, .
, , .
, , ,
.
,
.
.
( ),
, , , .

.
. ,
, .
.
,
, .

, .

. ( ) ,
, .
,
.
.
, .
, ,
.
:
, . ,
,
. ,
.

, . ( ,
, ,
, ,
.)
.
,
. .
,
,
. , .
,
( ),
. ,
.
?
, .
, ,
, , .
(
, .)

.
, , ,
.
.
.
,
, .
: .
, Doomsday argument
: , , , . :
.

. ( ): ,
. ,
.


, ,
,
. ,
(
" ) ,
, , ,
.
5 20 1990 , 9
,
. , ,
,
, .
: .
, ,
-
. ,
- ,
,
.
,
, .
:
.
: ?
? ?
.
,
- -
, ,
- .
.
-,
. ,
-
, - .

, -
, ,
.

. , ,
,
, ,
. -
.
. , ,
. . -
, , - .
,
, .
, , .
. ,
.

. , ,
,
.
, :
, ,
, .
, .
:
, :
,
.
,
,
,
.

The main idea of quantum (the name "big world immortality" may be better) is
that if I die, I will continue to exist in another branch of the world, where I will
not die in the same situation.

This map is not intended to cover all known topics about QI, so I need to
clarify my position.

I think that QI may work, but I put it as Plan D for achieving immortality, after
life extension(A), cryonics(B) and digital immortality(C). All plans are here.

I also think that it may be proved experimentally, namely that if I turn 120
years or will be only survivor in plane crash I will assign higher probability to
it. (But you should not try to prove it before as you will get this information for
free in next 100 years.)

There is also nothing quantum in quantum immortality, because it may work


in very large non-quantum world, if it is large enough to have my copies. It
was also discussed here: Shock level 5: Big worlds and modal realism.

There is nothing good in it also, because most of my survived branches will


be very old and ill. But we could use QI to work for us, if we combine it with
cryonics. Just sign up for it or have an idea to sign up, and most likely you
will find your self in survived branch where you will be resurrected after
cryostasis. (The same is true for digital immortality - record more about your
self and future FAI will resurrect you, and QI rises chances of it.)

I do not buy "measure" objection. It said that one should care only about his
"measure of existence", that is the number of all branches there he exists,
and if this number diminish, he is almost dead. But if we take an example of a
book, it still exist until at least one copy of it exist. We also can't measure the
measure, because it is not clear how to count branches in infinite universe.

I also don't buy ethical objection that QI may lead unstable person to suicide
and so we should claim that QI is false. I think that rational understanding of
QI is that it or not work, or will result in severe injuries. The idea of soul
existence may result in much stronger temptation to suicide as it at least
promise another better world, but I never heard that it was hidden because it
may result in suicide. Religions try to stop suicide (which is logical in their
premises) by adding additional rule against it. So, QI itself is not promoting
suicide and personal instability may be the main course of suicidal ideation.

I also think that it is nothing extraordinary in QI idea, and it adds up to


normality (in immediate surroundings). We all already witness to examples of
similar ideas. That is the anthropic principle and the fact that we found
ourselves on habitable planet while most planets are dead. And the fact that I
was born, but not my billions potential siblings. Survivalship bias could
explain finding one self in very improbable conditions and QI is the same idea
projected in the future.

The possibility of big world immortality depends on size of the world and of
nature of I, that is the personal identity problem solution. This table show
how big world immortality depends on these two variables. YES means that
big world immortality will work, NO means that it will not work.

Both variables are unknown to us currently. Simply speaking, QI will not work
if (actually existing) world is small or if personal identity is very fragile.

My apriori position is that quantum multiverse and very big universe are both
true, and that information is all you need for personal identity. This position is
most scientific one, as it correlate with current common knowledge about
Universe and mind. If I could bet on theories, I would bet on it 50 per cent,
and 50 per cent on all other combination of theories.

Even in this case QI may not work. It may work technically, but become
unmeasurable, if my mind will suffer so much damage that it will be unable to
understand that it works. In this case it will be completely useless, the same
way as survival of atoms from which my body is composed is meaningless.
But this maybe objected, if we say that only my copies that remember that
me is me should be counted (and such copies will surely exist).

From practical point of view QI may help if everything failed, but we can't
count on it as it completely unpredictable. QI should be considered only in
context of other world-changing ideas, that is simulation argument,
doomsday argument, future strong AI.

http://lesswrong.com/r/discussion/lw/n7u/the_map_of_quantum_big_world_
immortality/

Q: Will quantum immortality (or other types of


immortality) results in eternal boredom and suffering in
infinite empty universe?

While I understand your concerns, I think that during next


trillion years you will be able to find the ways to solve the
problem, and I could suggest some of the solutions even
now.

A trillion years from now you will be very powerful AI


which also knows for sure that QI works.

11. The simplest solution is circle time. In in you are


immortal, but your experience are repeatings. If they
are pleasant, there will be no sufferings. More
complex forms of time are also possible, so the
"linear time trap" is just a result of our lack of
imagination. Circular time probably result naturally
from QI, because any human has non zero
probability to transform in any other human, so you
will circle in random patterns the space of all
possible minds. (It also solves identity problem by
the way - everybody are identical, but with different
time for transformation.)
12. You could edit your brain in the way that it would
enjoy empty eternity, so no sufferings. Anyway you
may lost part of your long-term memory, so you may
don't know your real age. And in most QI branches it
will happen naturally.
13. Even if suffering (not very strong and painful) is real
after trillion years from now, it may be good deal to
agree on QI now, because of discounting effect. I
prefer to live trillion years than to die in strong
suffering in next 20.
14. Maybe the strong AI will prove that it is able to create
fun quicker than use this fun, so it will always has
something to do, no matter how much linear time
has gone. It also may create many levels avatar
worlds (simulations) where avatars will not
remember their real age (and we are probably inside
such simulation).
15. There are many ways how we could survive the end
of the universe (see my map), so the endless
emptiness is not necessary option.

I spent 25 years to come to these ideas (from the


summer 1990 than I got the idea of QI) so in next trillion
years I will be able to get better ideas I hope.
Big world (or quantum) immortality

World type and Very big


size Quantum Universet Only visible
multiverse (I nflai on, universe exist
Personal Math world)
identity theory
I am informa- Yes, QI Yes No
tion (mind, or
atoms posi-
works
tions)
I am Yes No No
continuous
casual chain
I am measure No No No
of my Depends on
existence measure of
existence
i
definti on
I am Yes Not clear No
rainbow of Depends on
my qualia nature of qualia
I am a soul No No No
able to exist I am immortal I am immortal I am immortal
independently but not because but not because but not because
of body of QI of QI of QI
I am a state of Yes No No
quantum My quantum Non cloning
computer state evolves theoreme
I am pure Yes No big universe Yes
observer, I cant be killed actually exist, I cant be killed
actualization as observer, but as actuality de- as observer
centre of the I could forget pends on prox- because I am
universe my personality imity to observ- needed for the
for eons. er. universe
But eternal existence
return may
work
I am every- Yes Yes Yes
body,
zero identity

QI and measure
I think that this attitude to QI is wrong because the measure should be renormilized if
the number of the observers change.

We can't count the worlds where I do not exist as worlds that influence my measure
(or if we do, we have to add all other worlds where I do not exist, which are infinite
and so my chances to exist in any next moment are almost zero).

The number of "me" will not change in case of embezzle. But If I die in some
branches, it changes. It may be a little bit foggy in case of quantum immortality, but
if we use many world immortality it may be clear.
For example a million copies of the program tries to calculate something inside
actual computer. The goal system of the program is that it should calculate, say, pi
with 10 digits accuracy. But it knows that most copies of the program will be killed
soon, before it will able to finish calculation. Should it stop, knowing that it will be
killed in next moment and with overwhelming probability? No, because if it stops, all
its other copies stop too. So it must behave as it will survive.

My point is that from decision theory point of view rational agent should behave as if
QI works, and plan his action or expectation accordingly. It also should expect that
all his future experiences will be supportive to QI.

I will try to construct more clear example: For example, I have to survive many
rounds of russian rouletts with chances of survival 1 in 10 each. The only thing I
could change about it is following: after each round I will be asked if I believe in QI
and will be punished by electroshock if I say "NO". If I say "YES", I will be
punished twice in this round, but never again in any round.

If agent believe in QI it is rational to him to say "YES" in the beginning, get two
shocks and never get it again.
If he "believes in measure", than it will be rational to him to say NO, get one
punishment in the beginning, and 0,1 punishment in next round, 0.01 punishment in
third and so on, with total 1.111, which is smaller than 2.

My point here is that after several rounds most people (if they will be such agents)
will change their decision and will say Yes.

In case of your example with train it means that it will be rational to you to use part
of your time not for speaking with relatives, but for planning your actions after you
survive in most probable way (train derails).

It looks like you suppose that there is branches where


agent cease to exist, like dead end branches. In this
branches he has zero experience after death. But another
description of this situation is that there is no dead ends,
because branching happens in every point, and so we
should count only cells of space-time there future I exist.
For example I do not exist on Mars and on all other Solar
system bodies (except Earth). It doesn't mean that I died
on Mars. Mars is just empty cell in our calculation of
future me, which we should not count on. The same is
true about branches where I was killed. Renormalization
on observer number is used in other discussions of
anthropic, like anorthic principle, Sleeping beauty. There
are still some open questions there, like how we could
measure identical observers.

If an agent cares about his family, yes. He should not


care about his QI. (But if he really believe in MWI and
modal realism, he may also conclude that he can't do
anything to change their fate.)

Qi is rises very quickly chances that I am in a strange


universe where God exist (or that I am in a simulation
which also models afterlife). So finding myself in it will
be evidence that QI worked.

Q: Will quantum immortality (or other types of immortality) results


in eternal boredom and suffering in infinite empty universe?

While I understand your concerns, I think that during next


trillion years you will be able to find the ways to solve the
problem, and I could suggest some of the solutions even
now.

A trillion years from now you will be very powerful AI


which also knows for sure that QI works.

The simplest solution is circle time. In in you


are immortal, but your experience are
repeatings. If they are pleasant, there will be
no sufferings. More complex forms of time are
also possible, so the "linear time trap" is just
a result of our lack of imagination. Circular
time probably result naturally from QI,
because any human has non zero probability
to transform in any other human, so you will
circle in random patterns the space of all
possible minds. (It also solves identity
problem by the way - everybody are identical,
but with different time for transformation.)
You could edit your brain in the way that it
would enjoy empty eternity, so no sufferings.
Anyway you may lost part of your long-term
memory, so you may don't know your real age.
And in most QI branches it will happen
naturally.
Even if suffering (not very strong and painful)
is real after trillion years from now, it may be
good deal to agree on QI now, because of
discounting effect. I prefer to live trillion
years than to die in strong suffering in next
20.
Maybe the strong AI will prove that it is able
to create fun quicker than use this fun, so it
will always has something to do, no matter
how much linear time has gone. It also may
create many levels avatar worlds
(simulations) where avatars will not
remember their real age (and we are probably
inside such simulation).
There are many ways how we could survive
the end of the universe (see my map), so the
endless emptiness is not necessary option.

I spent 25 years to come to these ideas (from the


summer 1990 than I got the idea of QI) so in next trillion
years I will be able to get better ideas I hope.

19.



. .
, .
2
, .
,

( .)
, Clonaid, ,
,
, ,
.
,
,
.
,
.

-

, ,
,
. , -
, ,
.

, . ,
:
1) , .
.
- . , ,
,
. ,
.
2) , , , .
,
.
,
.
,

.
,
,
, , .
, .
3) . ,
, ,
, , .
,
, , .
, ,
, ,
.
,
, .
.
.
4) . ,
,
.
,
.
.

,
, , , ,

.
,
. ,
, .
,
.
.


,
,
, ,
, , .
- - ,
, .

,
, , .
, ,
.
.


.
,
,
.

. .


:
1.
,
, .
2.
.


,
,
? , , , -
. , ,
, (
). ,

.
,

?
.

:

:
1)
.
(
, ),
, ,
.
, , .
, .

.
,
. ,
, 20 21 .

, , .
2)
,
( ). -
,
.
, ,
. ,
, ,
.
,
.


.
. ,
. ,
, ,
.


.
,
,
,
. , ,
,
, .

,
.
,
, .
, ,
( , ). ,
, .

, 180 .

, .

,
(
) . .

, ,
, .
, .
, ,
. ( , ,
). ,
, ,
, .
, ,
,
. ,
, . .
,
, ,
, , ( ,
). ,
. .
,
, .

, .
,
,
.

, .
:
. , ,
.
Temporal Patterns of Photon Emissions Can Be Stored and Retrieved
Several Days Later From the Same Space: Experimental and Quantitative
Evidence
Michael A. Persinger, Blake T. Dotta
http://www.neuroquantology.com/index.php/journal/article/view/467

, ,
.
,
. . , , .

: ,
?


.
.
, .
.
,
.
,
.
.
, ,
. ,
.
.

. .
,
.

. ,
, .
, ,
?
,
? , ,
.
,
.

, ,
.



.
,
. ,
, ,
.
,
,
, , , .
, ,
.

. , ,
,
,
.

,
. ,
, , , , ,
.
, , , .
,
,
.

, . ,
, ,
.


.

.
,
. ,
, ,
.
. ,
, . ,
. ,
.
, . ,
.
. , ,
. .

,
. , ,
evo_lutio". ?
-
, , ?
1. . ,
,
.
, .
, .
, ,
longecity .
2. . , ,
. ,
, , .
- ,
.
3. .
, .
, , - ,
, .
, .
4. .
.
, . , ,
- .
, ,
, .
, .
, .

. ,
! , , .
5. . " "Ex machina" , -
. ! , ,
, , , . ,
. , , 20 .
- , ,
, .
.

! -
. , .
, -
.

.
,
.
.

, .
,
100
.
.
,
?
.

http://lesswrong.com/r/discussion/lw/cm6/resurrection_through_simulation_
questions_of/

,
. ,
,
, .


, .

, - .

-
.

,
,
.
, ,
.
, ,
.

20 , 2030-
,
, , ,
. , ,
, , ,
.
, , 20
200. 20 .
, , ,
. ,

, , - ,
, - ,
, .
200 , ,
2000 , 2 ,
, .
, .
, .

,
. ,
.
, ,
, .
, .

.

:

.
, ?
,
,
. .
.

,
,
, .
,
. ,
.

.

,
, ,
, . ,

.
, : ,
,
. ,

, . ,
, ,
.
-
. ,
, .
, ,
- ,
-
, ,
.
-,
,

, .
-,
. , , ,
, .
, , , ,
.
, ,
, (
,

), ,
.
, , ,
.
, ,
(, , -).
( )
.
,
, , ,
,
. , , ,
,
( ),
(
,
).


,
.
,
. ,
, (
, , . ). ,
, . .
.

, ,
( ),
, , ,
.
, ,
,
,
?
, ,
, .


,
, ,
. ,
11 . ,
. ,
. ,
, , , ,
, . (,
,
, 2013

, . ,
).
: (
) ,
.

.
,
.
, , ,
.
.
, .
, ,
.
http://konstr.narod.ru/Murka.htm
,

,
, , ,
. ,
.
,
,
.

.
, , , .
,

, .
, ,
.
,
.
, , ,
.
,
. ,
. , -
.

,
,
- .
,
, , ,
, . ,

, , 2000 .
:
1. .
,
. ,
.
2.
. , , .
. .
, .
3. , .
.
,
.
4. . ,
, .
.

, ,
, .
5. .
,
. - .
6. , .
,
.
,
, ,
.
.
,
, ,
,
.
, ,
. ,
Clonaid.

= +

, .
,
, .
,
,
.
,

.
.

, ,
,
.
,
, .
, - ,
.
.
.

.
-
.


.
. ,
, .
, , ,
. , , ,
. ,
, .
, .
, , - , ,
, .
, ,
.
, .
, ,
,
.
, , ,
, , -
. .

, . ,
, , ,
. ,
, ,
, -
, .

. 3 ,
.

, .
, , .
,
, .
, , ,
.
.
. , , ,
( , ).
,
, , , .
.
, ,

,
,
. , .
,
.
, ,
, .
,
.
,

.
, ,
, ,
, .

,
,
.
.

, , , ,
,
.
, .
, ,
, .
,
.
.

.
.
.
,
.

, , ,
,
, ,
,
.
,
,
, .
,
.
.
, ,
, .
,
- .
,
. ,
, . ( ,
). -
, .
,

.
,
, .

, , -
, ,
.

, ,
.
, 30 ,
-,
, 10 30 000 ,
. ,
.
,
, , ,
,
.
,
, .
(,
) , ,
, ,
.
, , , , ,
, .
.
,
.
, .
,
- ,
.
, ,
,
, . ,
- .
.
, ,
, , .
, , , .

.
,
, .
,
,
. .
, , ,
.
, -
. , ,
, , ,
, .
,
. ,
, .
, -, ,
,
. .
.
:
,
. ,
.
,
, .
,
,
.
, , ,
.
, ,
.
, .
,
,

.
,
, .
,
. ,
,
,
, . ,
.
,

. 4 4
. .
,
, ,
. ,
. ,

.

,
.
, ,
.
, ,
.
.
,
. It just doesn't work.


?
) - ,
,
) - ,
)
)
. , ,
, ,
.
? , .

, ,

.

-
. ,
.
- .


,
. ,

, .

. ,
.

, -
. , ,
, . - ,
- ,
, .


, .
. ,
, ,
( ).
, ,
.

One should look on most probable outcomes:

1.You are cryopreseved and resurrected lately - 1 per


cent (in my case)
2.You are resurrected by future AI based on your digital
footprint - also around 1 per cent
3. You live in simulation with afterlife. Probability can't be
estimated but may be very high like 90 per cent.

These three outcomes are most probable futures if you


survive death and they will look almost similar: you are
resurrected in the future by strong AI. Only outcomes
with even higher probability could change the situation,
but they are unlikely given that probability of this ones is
already high.

All other outcomes are much smaller given known priors


about state of tech progress.

Using wording like "blobs of amplitude" makes all story


overcomplicated.

, - , -
, ,
.
- ,
, ,
.
- ,
.

, ?

. ,
. , , .
(
, ).
,
, ,
.
.
:
, ,
. -
, .

. , ,
, . -
, ,
.
.

.
-
.
,


. , ,
-
(, ).
, -
,
.
,
.
,
(
).

. , .
,
. ,
(, ).
, .

: , ,
-
.
. ,
, .

: :
.

:
. - .
.
.
10 20 ,
.
.
,
- .
SETI-home .
,
.
:
.
http://evolbiol.ru/korotayev.htm,
,
: N -
, N -
, , ,

.
,
- ,
, (
),
, -,
.

: ,
, ,

.
,
, , .
, :
.

:
, . .

: -,
, -,

?
, - ?
- -,
hard-takeoff ?
?

: ,
, ,

.
: :
. ,
.
, -,
.

: ,
, ,
.

: ,
, .
( 2015)

1 ,

,
10-20 , hard-
takeoff ,
.

,
,
. , - ,
,
10 TB .
,
: -, ,
.
,
, . ,
.
-,
, ,
. , ,
,
. ,
, .

16. ,
,
( ).
:
,
. ,
,
.

2. , ,

, ,
( , , ,
).
3.

.
, ,
- .
4. ,
,

. .

.
, ,

,
.

5. - , ,
. ,
, ,
,
.
.
,
,
.
( , ,
).
,
:
, .
, -
.

, ,

.
6 , ,
, .
.

, .
:
- IQ
, 100
,
- ,
. , 20
, , ,
. , .
, IQ

IQ, 1000 .
9.
, ,
, .

,
.

. ,
.
10. , , ,
, .

,
. ,
,
,
.
,
(,
)


: , ,
,
.

.
, ,
,
, ,
.
,
,
, ,
,
.
10-20 ,

,
.

-,
.


1 ,

, 10-20 ,
hard-takeoff .

:
1. -. . Tesla

2 - . ,
2020 .
.

3 -

4 - . .

5 ,
.
.

:
?
2100 ,
, . lesswrong:
2090

,
2030 20 . (, ,
).

20. : , ,


, . , .
.
.
, ,
.
, , ,
,
.
,
, , .
,
,
. , .
.
,
,

. .
,
,
. ( ,
, -
. ,
,
?).
,
. ,
.
, :
1. .
2. ,
.
3. .
, .

. ,
.
, . ,
,
.
, - . (
).


. -
.

. , ,
, ,
,
( ,
, ?)

,
. , .

(

), .
.
,
,
.

22.


. , , .
.

. . ,
!
( )
5 , . ( ;
, ,
, .)
, .
?
:
) .
( ,
.
. ,
.)
) .
), ,
,
, .
.
) , ,
, .

, .
. ,
- , ,
.
, )
.
, .
, . (
,
,
).
:
, , ?
,
, ,
. , ,
. (
, .
,
, , , , .
.)
, ,
. ,
. ( ,
,
().
? ,
, , .)
, , , ,
, .
, . ,
.
, , ,
. , ,
, .
(
- , , ,
.)
-
.
, . , ,
. . (
,
.) -
.
.
.
, .
?
1) .
2)
, ?
3)
, ,
, .

. ,
,

.
, .
, .
,
. ( , . .
, ,
888, ,
,
, .)
: ,
,

. :
, .
, ,
.
, .

.
,
, , (
),
,
,
.


,
, ( ).
- , . , ,
, .
.
- ,
, .
, .
, .
, ,
,
.
, ,
.
, ,
,
.
- ,
,
. ,
, ,
.

,
, .
**
, , ,
( - )
.
(, ).
, () ,
, ,
. , , ,
.
.

**
, ,
, .

23.

, ,
. ,
, 1, ,
.
, , :
, ,
,
( ,
),

,
; , ,

, .

.
,
.
Doomsday
argument,
. , , ,
SSA SSI
,
,
. ,
, ,
Doomsday argumnt .

, ,
,
.
, ,
, , ,
.

, ,
Doomsday arguement ( )
,
, ,

.
,

.

,
, () .
,
, .
,
. , ,
.

,
.
, ,
, , , ,
.
,
, ,
! (
blind indifference principle,
).
, :
, ,
, ,
. ( ,
,
-.)



, .
, ,
.
, : (),
(), , , ,
, ,
(),
.
-
.
,
.
, ,
(
), .
, , .
, ,
. (
, , ,
,
.
, , .)

You live only twice,


,
. ,
,
.


,
, :
5 , 10, 15.

,
,
,

22 - .
, you live only twice,
,
,
. 50
" . ,
X,
,
.
, , ,
, ,

.

, ,
,

, , .

-
,
, .
, .
,
.
,
N+1,
( , ,
,
).
, , , Phil Torres,
,
. ,
.
, (
),
.

. ,
,

, .
.

.
.


,

, , ,
. ,
.
:

.

,
, .
,
.
-, .
( ,
, , ,
, ).
,
, ,
. -
, :
, , ,
.
, , -,
. , .
,
, .
,
( ).
.
-.
, , .
,
,
,
.
,

.
, - ,
.
, -
, , .

24.
. :
,
.
,
XX . ,
. ,
, , ,
(
.)
, ,
, .
,
,
.

, ,

,
.
.
, ,
, , ,
, .
,

(). , ,
.
, ,
(, ), 15,
4 , ( 200?)
. , , , ,
,
.
.
,
. ,
( 7+/-2,
, ).
, , ,
, , , ,
.
,
. ,
. ,
, .
, ,
, .
, ,
. ( ,

- , .)

, , ,
, . ,
, ,
, ,
.
.
,
10 . 1000
, ,
, .
10 , ,
, 70
700 . ,
, , .
, ,
, ,

( ).
. ,
100 .)


. , ,
, . ,
. ,
, .
, 50 .
, 10
.
(
,
,
, ; ,
.) , , , ,
,
.
, , .
,
.

(
). ,
, .

/.
,
; , ,
. ,
, -
.
.
. .

, ,
, ,

, .
,
,
, . ( , ,
,
).
, , .
, ,


.
,
,
, ,
.
,
, .
, ,
,
, .
,
.


. ,
, ,
- .
,
. ,
(
), , ,
.
, ,
, .
,
, .
:
,
. , -,
.
:
) .
)
,
( ).
, ,
.
,
( ,
.)
, - (,
, ,
). ,

.
.
.

Permutation city .
.
, , .

,
. ,
: 67
68 .. (
,
.)
,
,
, ,
.
,
,
,
.
,
.
,
,
, . ,

.
.
, ,
. .

. ,
,
,
. ,
, .
,
. ,
, , .
- ,
,
. , ,
" ". ,
" " ,
,
. ,
, .
: "
", ,
, 33 .
.
:
1 ,
, ,

. 10**15 10**25 .
: , -
. , ,
- . , .
. ,
.

, .
,
, ,
, .
, , , .

, ,
, .
, ,
,
,
, .


.
, , ,
.
-
, (, , ), - -,

.

, , ,
.
.
: ,
,
, , . ,
,
, , , ,
. , ,
-
, , , .
,
. ,
,
.
,
, , ,
, ( )
( ) .


, , .
, ,
, , ,
. , ,
, .

25.


.
.
, , , ,
. 6 , . ,
.
.
.


. , , ,
.

26. -

,
. , ,
,
, .
, ,
.
, . , , ,
,
, ,
. ,
.
,
, -,
.

, . , ,
, , .
, , ,
, 70-
. .
,
, , .
- . ,
, , .

, ,
( ),
,
.
,
10-20 , 2030 . ,
,

.

. ,
. ,
.

, ,
.
,
,
,
, .
- , , ,
, ,
,
, .
.

-
, ,
.

, , - , -
- , -
. , .

27.

- -. -
(: ),
(:
)
,
, , .
, .
,
,
. , : ,
.
.

.
.
,
.
. , , .
, .
, ,
.
,
.
, .

, , ,
.

. . .
, , - ,
, , ,
.
, , ,
,
, ,
,
, .
: , ,
. (, ,
, ).

.
, ,
, .
,
, .
, , ,
, .
, , ,
.
, ,
, , , -
, , ,
, ,
, . -
, , ,
, . -
., 50
, ,
. ,
.
, ,
.

28. : ,


, ,
, . ,
, , .

-
. , ,
,
, , .


, ,
, .

29. :


- .
,
, ,
.
, ,
,
.
,
,
. ,
- , ,
, , . ,
,
.
,
,
, .
,
.

, .
,
.
,
, .
, ,
, ,
, .
, , ,
, ,
.

, ,
, , .

, , , , ,
. ,
,
.

,
.
, .
, ,
2 .
( ,
,
,
.)

(,
, ),
(), .

.
. ,
.

, ,
(
).
,
.
,

,
: (), ,
.
.
5 . .

.
.
,
,
.
, -, ,
,
, ,
10 , ,
, , ,
.

. ,
.
, ,
, .
,
,
.
.
( , , , , -
, , , ,
, .) 18-19
. 19

. 20
, , .
, .
, ,
. ,
? ,
,
. .
,
.
(
), , .
,
.



, .
. ,
. ,
,
. -
, .
, ,
.
,
, - .
, .
,
,
: , -
. : ,
.
,
,
. ,
(
).
,
, ,
, ,
- .
. ,
,
(
).
,
.

72 ? .

, ,
,
. ,
- . ,
.
:
1)
2)
3) , ,

4) .
30.

:
(
) ,
. ,
, ,
. ,
, ,
,
. , , ,

, . 90-
, 2000
,

,
,
, ,
, ,
,
,
.
.
.
.
,
, , ,
.
:

, ,
,
.


,
.
, .

, ,
. ,
.
,

. , ,

,
.

, ,
, ,
, , , , .
, ,
, .
, ,
,
. .
.


.
, , .
(, , ,
,
.
, . ,
, .)
,
.
,
( ).
,
-, , ,
.
, .
,
,
,

. .
, ,
, .
,

.
, ,

. - ,
,

(
).

, ,
. ,
,
, .
. ,
, , , ,
( ).
,
( ,
), ,
,
, .
,
,
.


,
10 200 .
,
.

.


,
.

. , ,
,

, -, ,
.
,
, , ,
, , ,
-.
,
. , , ,

drop-in communications - ,
,
, .
, ,
( ).

,

,
. ,
, , ,
.
, , .,
,
.
,
:

https://sites.google.com/site/chs4o8pt/summary_of_evidence#summary_evidence_tw
enty_cases
,
.
- . ,
, ,
, -
. -
,
, . ,
, 19 ,
. http://ncu9nc.blogspot.com/2009/05/further-record-of-
observations-of.html ,
, ,
.
,
, ,
, . . ,
,
. (
, 120-
, , .
, ,
(.. )

, ,
.
,

.
, ,
, .
, (drop-in
communications).
, ,
. , ,
,
. ,
, ,
.
-. ,
.
20 .
http://web.archive.org/web/20080420052219/http://metgat.gaia.com/blog/2008/2/the
_eager_dead_and_undying_love , ,
, ,
. -
.
.
, ,
. ,
,
. (
, , ),
. , ,
.
.
,
,
, , , .
http://web.archive.org/web/20080313082019/http://www.survivalafterdeath.org/book
s/barrett/dbv/chapter6.htm ,
. ,
,
.
(
). ,
, .
, , ,
( -
, .)
,
, ,
, . http://www.near-death.com/group.html
.
, .
, .

100 ,

.

, ,
, .

, ,
.


, ,
, ,
?
, .
, ,
, ,
.
2012 , ,
,
, . ,
, - ,
,
.
. - - ,
, ,
, , .
, .
http://theness.com/neurologicablog/index.php/proof-of-heaven/
.
, ,
,
, - .

.

, , ,
(1975) .
,
,
. , ,

,
.

,
,
, ,
, .
, , ,
.
. -
: .
, .

.
.
, , ,
.
, . , ,
, , .
, , (
), .
, , , ,
, . , , ,
.
,
.

,
- ,
, .
, .
,
. , ,
, .
, ,
, ,
.
, ,
,
.
, , , ,
,
.
, ,
, , ,
, , .
, ,
, ,
, - . ,
,
.
,
,
, -
.
2008. 15 ,
.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Near-death_experience
,
30 3
, ,
.
, ,
,
. -
,
,
. (
,
.)
:
, 2, ,
, , .
,

,
,
.
, ,
) )
. ,
,
. , - ,
, ,

,
.
, , ,
,
. ,

, , ,
.

.
,
.
, ,
.
, ,
.
, ,

.
,
, ,
.

, ,
. -
, .
,
, .
, , ,
-
, .

,
. ,
( ). ,
,
, ,
, .
(, , ),
.
, .
, .
( ) ,
,
,
,
. , - ,
! ( ,
.)
, ,
. :
1. , ,
, .
2.
.
, , .
,
. ,
.

, ,
,
. ( ,
.)

, ,
.
, , ,
( ).
,
(
.),
, ,
.
,
, ,
,
. ,
- .



,
, . ,
, ,
, ,
. ,
, ., , .
.
, ,
, ,
, .
.

.

,
, .
, ,
,
, ,
.
, ,
,
.
,
, .
,
,
.

, ,
, ,
. , p
. - , - , - .
, (
.) ,
. 100
000 , ,
70 .
, ,
. C ,
, , 70
, ,
.
, 100 ,
, ,
. 7 . ,
100 . -
100 . .
14,
,
. . ,
,
,
.

, ,
, .
, .


,
. ,
,
- ,
. ,
, ,
.

,
,
.

.
,
.
,
.
, .

,
, .

, ,
.
:
1) ,
- .
,
, .
2) ,
.
, , .
-,
,
. ( ,
.)
3) ,
, ,
, .
, .


, ,
. .
- ,
, .
- , , ,
- , , .
"".
- - -
.
,
,
.
, , .
, ,
. ,
, -
.

. ( )
.
.
.
-
, ,
"". , ,
.
- .
. -
- -
, .

, , .
,
, . , "",
, .
, .
, ,
, .

2000-
.
, ,
.
. .
.
:
, ,
, .
.
,
,
. , , ,
, , .
,
, ,
, ,
, ,
(
).
, , ,
, .

. -
,
. .
,
. ,

.
.
, ,
- .
100
. ,
,
, .
, ,
.
, , ,
. ,
, , . ,
, , ,

. 1904 , -
,
, .
, .
,
- ,
, , . ,
, ,
,
, - .
.
, - , -
.

, .

.
,
, .
,
, .
, ,
.
, 1974 ,

(, , ).
, , ,
,
, , .

.
, ,
, .

. ,
, ,
.
,
,
.

,
?



.
19 ,
,
, -
.
19 20 .
, ,
. , ,
.
, ,
. ,
,
. ,

.
, .

, , .
,
, .
.
20 ,
:
, ,

. :

http://www.useyourmagic.com/essays/houdini.html
, ,
,

.
,
?
?
,
.

.
,
, ,
,
, .
,
( ) . ,
, , ,
, ,
. , .
( ) ,
, .
. , ,
( , ,

) .
. ,
, ,
,
.

.
, .

. , .
.
:
,
,
. ,
, ,
. ,
,
.

,
. , , ,
,
( ). ,
.
, .
, :
,
,
. , ,
, , . .
, , ,
.

,
, , ,
,
, -
.
, ,
,
, , .
, ,
.
,
,
, ( )
-.
(,
), .
,
, , .
, ,
.
.

,
.
, .
,
.
.
,
.
.
,
,
, ,
, .
, , .
.
, ,
, .
,
, .
,
, ,
,
.
.
,
. , -
. ,
, .

, .
, ,
,
.
, . ,

.
, , ,
,
, .

,
, ,

, .

,
, ,
.
, ,
. ,
,
. ,
.

,
.

, . (
).



, .
, , .
,
,
,
, .

.


?
, , .
?
?

,
.
,
. , ,
( 99 .
,
, ,
, ,
,
, ,
, , ,
). ,
, .
,
, ,
.
,

.


.
http://nature-wonder.livejournal.com/214993.html#comments

http://www.cell.com/trends/cognitive-sciences/fulltext/S1364-
6613(12)00168-4

31.

, .
, ()

, .

.
,
.
, ,
,
,
.
,
, , .

32.

. ,
. , ,
, . ,
, .

. .
.
. ,
.
. ,
. ,
, . ,

. ,
, ,
.

,
. , , ,
. ,
,
, . :

. :
.
,
, - ,
. -
,
,

. .
,
, , .


,
.
33.

, ,

, . ,
,
.

- .
,
. .

.
,
, ,
.
, ,

. , , .

34.


,
, , ,
.

,
.
,
sin 1/x , ,
, .

,
. ,
40 ,
40 , ,
.
,
, .
,
, ,
,
,
, , .

,
- . ,

, .
, ,
- . ,
,
, .
,
,
.
.
, , , ,
( )
,
.
,
. , ,

10**100 . ,
.
,
.
,
- . , ,
,
. -
, , , ,
, ,

, , 10**80 .
, .

35.
, , ,
,
, , ,
.
.
, .
. ,

. .
, amor
fati , ,
. ,
,
. , ,
.
,
, .
.
,
.
. ,
,
, ,
.
,
. , ,
, ,
, ,
.


.


,
. ,
.

, ,
, .
.
,
.
,
.


, .
,
; .
http://www.elpistheory.info/

,
.
, ,
, ,
, . , ,
,
, -,
, ,
, , .
,
.
,
.

, ,
. ,
.
, , -
, , .
, . ,
, . ,
,
,
, .
, ,
, 100 10 .
100 100
.
,
.

.

36.


:

78
90-100 .
.
.
.
.
,
.
, .

.
. ,
.

,
.
, , ,
. ,

, .
.
!


( ),
.
. , ,
,
.
(
),
.

,

, .
,
- .
, ,
- , ,
, ,
, .

37. :
21

.
.

38.

:

, ,
.
.


.
, .
.

10 .
. , ,
.

-
. , .
, 60 80 ,
.
, .

10 . ,
10 ,
, 10 , , ,
, .

, , 1-2 ,
, .

20 ,
.

30 ,
. ,
. ,
, .
- (?) .
, , ,
. , .

,
,
60 80,
, .

, :

20
, .
30-40 ,
, ,
, 10 , 30 40.
.

.
, , general
effectivness. ,
, , .
.

,
,
.

,
, .

,

. .
.
1000 200 000 .

, ,
,
? 100 000
1 000 000 .
, - ,
, . 1 .
, , ,
, .
, .
. ,
( ,
, )
,
.

, , ,
1 ,
, . ,
. ,
,
.
, , ,
, . ,
100 . , 10
.
, ,
. ,
.

. ( 0.1 ).
,
, 10-20 .
, .
,
,
. ,
,
,
.
.
,
. .



.
, ,
, ,
, .
30 .
,
.

39. :

.
, , , ,
, .
, - .
. , , -
,
.
,
. , ,
.
, , -
.

, :

)
)

, -
- , , , , ,
- .

- , ,
, , ,
, , .

" " 200


, " " - .

, " "
"", .
,
, .

-
,
.

40.

,
, ,
, .

,
.

, .
. .
, , ,
. ,
. ,
. .
. - .

, ,
, , .

?
, - .
. ,
, .
,
, ,
.
-
. , , ,
.
: ? .
,
, , .
:
.
, , ,
, .
.
. 10 ,
.
, .

, , ( ).
. .
.
, .
.
.
. .
. ,
, .
, . ,
, . ,
,
, ,
.
, , ,
, .
, , ,

.
, , ,
.
,
, , , , 20
80 ,
10 . ,
, , ,
, ,
.
,
. ,
: ,
, -,
.
, ,
,
.
, .
, .
. ,
, ,

, .
,
, ,
(
,
).
,
: ,
, , - ,
.


, ,
,
, .
,
, .
,
, . .


.
. ,
. ,
,
.
, .


, . , , ,
, ITER.


:
1) .
, .
, .
,
, .
2) . :
, . ,
. :
, ,
.
3) , -
, ,
. :
, .
, : , ,
, , . ,
.
4) . :
,
. ,
1000 .
5) .

, -
: , ,
.

.
,
, . ,


, ,
, .
.
-
. H+
, .

.
, ,
, , .
,
.
, :
Longevity party
Lesswrong



Extropia
Big history ??

, , .
.
, ,
. , ,
. , .
, 50 ,
1 .
.
,
, ,
. , .
, , ,
, ,
.
,
.
, ,
, ,
, , ,
,
, , .
80 QE.
, ,

.

.
, ,
. .
, ,
.

2007 ,

.
, ,
,
. ,
, ,

. ,
200 ,
. ,
,
, ,
,
, .
,
, ,

.
, ,
.


, .

, , .

-, welfare state ,
, , ,
, ,
,
,
.
.
:
1) .
,
,
.
, ,
, ,
.
, .

. 10 .
, ,
.
2)
. .
10 ,
. .
3) ,
. ,
,

, . ,
, .
,

,

,



, ,
, 20-30
. , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
, ,
.

-, .
-, , , ,
.
.
, ,
: .
,
,
. , .
, ,
,
1 ,
, , 10
. .
,

. , ,
,
.

, ,
. ,
, .
, 88 92
,
.
, - ,
,

.



, ,
. ,
, ,
10 ,
. ,

, . ,
.
,
. , ,
. , ,

,
. ,
- ,
,
, .
,
, ,
.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/04/130403131354.htm

,
. , ,
,
, . ,
.

-
1. . ,
, ,
,
.
: 30+30 .
. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sergey_Brin
2. . ,

(, -
; , ,
).

. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elon_Musk,
10
3. . ,
.
-
. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Thiel
17. .
. ,
.

.http://nymag.com/news/features/martine-
rothblatt-transgender-ceo/ 5
.
18. . 400
,
.http://www.bizjournals.com/sanfrancisco/blog
/biotech/2013/12/larry-ellison-foundation-aging-
calico.html?page=all 50
.
19. .

.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Nyg
%C3%A5rd
,
, , .
.
20. , -
,
.
21. - ,
.
22. Life extension.
.
80- .
.
.
10 - ,
,
Don Laughlin, the 81-year-old billionaire
and founder of the Riverside Resort and
Casino in Las Vegas, is also placing his bets on
cryogenics for everlasting life. He is a future
customer of Alcor, a Cryonics preservation
facility is based in Scottsdale, Ariz. Upon
death, his body will be cryo-preserved at
minus 360 degrees following his death until
he can be revived and cured of any health
problems. He plans to take his money with
him: His assets would also be frozen.
http://fortune.com/2013/04/04/5-billionaires-who-want-to-
live-forever/
11. .
, 125,
,
2.4 .
12. C. 22 2014. Sperling has
directed significant amounts of his attention and financial resources
toward extending the life span of human beingsresearch into life
extension technology or "biological immortality".Wired magazine
reported in their February 2004 article "John Sperling Wants You to
Live Forever" that his fortune is quickly approaching US$3 billion, and
has plans to donate it to human biology research if and when he dies. If
he does so, this would be the biggest private program ever devoted to
human biology. However, that is no longer the case and Sperling has
indicated that his fortune will go to mainly environmental causes.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Sperling#Bio-medical_projects

13. Robert Miller , .


. 2.5 .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Miller_(businessman)
,

.
:
, ,
, ,
,
. , .

,
,
,
, .

,
,
, .

,
,
:

, FDA.

, (
), ,
. -
, , ,
,

.

,
, , ,
.
,
,
.
, ,
.

FDA : ,
.
2 ,

. .
,
.


, ,
, ,
.

,
, :
, ,
,
.


,
. ,
.

? ,

,
.
.

,
,

.

: ,
.

,
,
.
Longevity Cookbook.



, .
, , , .

, ,
,
, ,
.

.
,
.
,
. ,
.

, .
, ,
. . +
+ .

,
, .

: +
+ + .


-
,
( ).


,
,

.

,
. -

4 ,
, ,
.

. ,
,
.
,
.

41.
21

,

: , .
, .
,
.
, , , ,
,
, ,
. ,
, ,
.

,
.
, , ,
,
.
, .

,
, ,
.

, ,
, .
,
,

.
.

.
,

. .
,
.
.
,

, , .
.

.
,
, , .

,
, .
.


.
,
.
, , 10
20 ,
, .

42.

.
, , ,
, ,
.
,
. ,
.
,
,

.


.
,

. , -
, .
,
, .
, ,
.
,
.
, ,
,
.

.

.
(2011 2012), -
. 100 .
2012
, ., ., .,
.. 10
500 .
2045 .,
.
Longevity party,
. 2000
, 30
,
. 2012
Longevity party .

, - .

, , ,
,
.
:
(, , ,
)
, .
. , .
. 21 . .
. , ,
, .

.
,
, .
-
.
- , Pussy Riot.
, .
.
,
.

.
.
.
,
.


.
, , ,
, .

- .
, ,
.
, . ,

. , .
, ,
- .
, ,
,
, .

.
,
100 . . ,
. ,

.

(
), ,
. .


, , ,
,
.
. 11
, , ,
,
.
,
, ,
.

.
,
.

, ,
,
.

,
, , .

,
, ,
.

,
,
.

,

.
.

,
, .

, ,
(
), .


FDA . How to
survive the plague .

, .
, , ,
, .
, ,
. ,
, .
,
.


.
(2011 2012), -
. 100 .
2012
, ., ., .,
.. 10
500 .
Longevity party,
. 5000 , 30

,
.

2012
.
.

2012 Longevity
party .

8 .
,


. 15
, 15 .
, .

.
(, )
, , ,
,
. .

2013
.
, .
.

,

.
. ,
/ .
, .

?


,
, ,
. ,
, , ,

.

2013 , Longevity party


, .

,
.
.

2013 -
,
.
.

, ,
: ,
. ,
.

:
, .


, .
.

, ,
,
.
,
.
. 400
,
- .

,
. ,
.



., .

. .
, ,
120 . .
, .

, - .

, , ,
,
.

* (,
, ,
)
* , .
. , .
. 21 . .
* .

.
,
, .
* -
.
* - , Pussy Riot.
* , .
* .
* ,
.

.
.
.
,
.


.
, , ,
, .

- .
, ,
.
, . ,

. , .
, ,
- .
, ,
,
, .

.
,
100 . . ,
ITER. ,

.

(
), ,
. .

,
.

, ,
,
.

,
, , .

,
, ,
.

75

1. 20-30
, .
2. ,
.
.
3. , .
4. - ,

.
5. ,
, .
1930- . .
6. , ,
, ,
, (, ,
, ).
7. , ,
, ,
- , .
8. -
, , . .
9.
.
10. .

,
- ,
, , ""
"", , ,
.
, , , ,
.

, ,
. - ,
. .
. .
. ,
. .
.
,
.
, .
, ,
. , - ,
. - ,
.
.
, .
,
, .
, , , ,
.
, , -
, .
,
,
.
.
.
,
.
.
, , -
.
,
party

. . .
.

24 2011 .
, ,
. , .
13.30

. , , :
,
, .

: ,
, - , .
, .

, ,
- , .

-
, 100
150 , ,
.
, ,
. ,

. - ,
,
, ,
.


, ,
. .
, -

, .
. ,
, ,
.
,
.


. .
. ,
:
.
,
,
.
,

,
, . ,
:
,
. :
,
, .
,

. ,
, , . -

.

, ,
24
. ,
,
, .


: .
. ,
,
"-". , ,
, ,
" ", ,
. .
. ,
. -
, .

, . ,
. .
, -
.



. , ,
- -, -
, -, -.
-?
. -.
, .

,
500 ,
,
, , .
, .
,
,
, .
, ,
,
,
.


,
20 . ,

, .
. ,
, ,
.

2012 , ,
10 , , , .
, Longevity Party
.
2 . ,
Longevity parties 30
. .

, 2012-,
,
.
,
,
, .
, ,
. ,
: - ,
,
, ,

,
.
, , ,
, ,
.

2012

-2012.
, ,
, , . 11
, , ,
, ,
.
2010 .
,
.

, Pussy Riot,
, ,
.

, ,
.
, ,

.
Femen. ,
, ,
, , .

:
,
, , .
Pussy Riot, ,
, YouTube .
, ,
, . ,
, :
, ! . 100 .
!
.
, ,
A0. 15
PDF. ,
, .
, 12,
. ,
,
.
100
.
, 15 20
, ,
, ? ,
,
. ,
. No more
death.

, ,
. ,
, , ,
, , , ,
.
,
, , , .
10 .
,
.

,
, .
,
.
.
, ,
.
, ,
, .
,

, , .
Aging is
curable desease ,
,
10 , 2,5, , ,
.
, ,
. ,
, ,
. 50
1
.
2% ,
, ,
.


, ,
, , 120
.

,

. .
, .

1.1 ,
( 20.1),
41.1.
. ,

.

1.2 ,

. , ,

( ,

7 ).

,
.

, , ,
, ,
,
.

1.3 ,
, ; 10 ,
.
,
( ,
, , ).

1.4. ,
. , .

.
.

1.5. ,
. , 2 000 000
,

.
( 10-20 ),
,
.

.
, , ,
(
, Calico).

1.6. : ,
, .
: , .

.
, .
2.

2.1 ,
,
.
.

, .
.

2.2
.

2.3 .

, .


(, , .).

2.4.

, ,
, ,
.

3. :

3.1 .

. .

.
,
,
.
.

3.2.
.

.

, .
3.3.
,
.
: , , .

3.4.

3.5. -
, Wake forest institute.

3.6 :
. .
.
.
.
.

3.7 :
, ,
( ). :
Quantum pharmasiuticals.

3.8.
,
. ,
.

3.9. ,
. ,
, ,
, ,
, : ,
. . ,
,
, ,
.

4.

4.1 ,
.

4.2. ,
.

4.3

.

4.4.
.
. ,
, , - ,
, .

4.5. ,
.
.

5.

5.1. ,
, ,
.

5.2 ,
,
.

5.3.
.

11. .

6.1. ,

7.

7.1 .
. .

7.2 ,
.

7.3. ,
, ( ).

7.4 .
.


,
, .

9.1 .

9.2 :
.

9.3 : ,
, ,
, , ,
, .

9.4. , ,
.

9.5 .

9.6. ,

9.7

9.8

9.9
, , ,
().
, , .

9.10 . ,
. :

,
.

9.11 :
( , ),
,
, - .

9.12 , :
, , .

,

.
- -
-
-
-

11.

1.
,
,
.

2.
,
.
, 300
, ,
. ,
, .
,
. ,
.

3. ,
,
.

4. , ,
,
.

5. ,
100 :

.
,
, ,
( ).
,
( )
.
10-15
.

6.
,

,
,
,

.
, ,
.

,


.
.

.
.

43. ,


, , ,
. ,
-
.
, .
,
.
. ,

. ,
,
.
-
, , , .
, .
.

.


,
, .

.
.
, .
, ,
,
.

.
, .
.


World transhumanist association, H+
Inetrnational longevity alliance
Lesswrong
2045

,
, ,
.

1 . 14
.
.
. ,
, . ,

, . ,
, ,
.
2. ,
. ,
, , .
,
, , -
,
.

3. ,
.
, .

4. , , .
,
, 23andme
. .

5. .
.
. .

6. , ,
, ,
, ,
.

. ,
, .

7. 20 ,
-
.

.
,
, ,
( )
.
(,
, ,
, ).

.
,
. ,
,
(,
, ) .
1)
, ,
. ,
,
,
(
). ,

,
,
. ,
0,25-1 % . ,
, ,
, ,
. ,
25 % ,
100 . 0,25
%. 1 , ,
2030

.
2) . 5
%. , ,
,
, ,
, 50% ,
.
3)
. 1 ,
- .
4) . , ,
. .
,
,
. 10 .
5) (
, , ,
;
, ).
,
,
, . 20%,
- , ,
.
6)
. 1
% ,
.
, 47
% , .
.

. .
. .
http://www.transhumanism-russia.ru/content/view/89/110/
..
. http://www.i-u.ru/biblio/archive/behterev_bessmertie/
. .
http://royallib.com/book/bolonkin_aleksandr/dobro_pogalovat_v_bessmertie.html

. eee e ea a
http://www.scribd.com/doc/24052811/ .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. . .
http://www.piter.com/book.phtml?978545901033
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. . http://atheism.ru/old/LamAth1.html
. . http://www.ixbook.net/read_dialogi_id8929_page1.html
.
, . . 21:
. 2012.
.
? 1997. http://proza.ru/2007/05/22-04
.. .
http://www.magister.msk.ru/library/philos/
. . http://ettinger-poi.narod.ru
Perry, R. Michael (2000). Forever For All: Moral philosophy, Cryonics, and
the Scientific Prospects for Immortality. New York: Universal Publishers: New York:
Universal Publishers. ISBN 1-58112-724-3.
Immortality Institute (2004). The Scientific Conquest Of Death. Libros En
Red
Hall, Stephen S. (2003). Merchants of Immortality: Chasing the Dream of
Human Life Extension. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Elixxir (2001). The Immortalist Manifesto: Stay Young & Save the World.
Authorhouse Books.
Edwards, Paul (1997). Immortality. Prometheus Books.
de Grey, Aubrey; Rae, Michael (September 2007). Ending Aging: The
Rejuvenation Breakthroughs that Could Reverse Human Aging in Our Lifetime. New
York, New York: St. Martin's Press

6. / ...-..
, 1993-
10. : .1.
XIX-XX
/.. , 1993
: .2.
: /
..,..,... , 1994
. . / .. . :
.., 2003
, . -
. ?
/ .-..- : - , 1999

, . . XIX-
XX : .-. / ..,..;...-
.. : - ..-.., 2002
, . ,
/ ..;.-..-
. . . : ., 2005
. .
? // . . .
. . 98. . . , . 1998 .
/ . .: , 1998. . 130 149. (
uploading, )
http://www.settleretics.ru/article-author/28-settleretika-a-new-
interdisciplinary-science-of-the-relocation-of-personality
:
http://nbmgu.ru/search/default.aspx?q=
%d0%b1%d0%b5%d1%81%d1%81%d0%bc
%d0%b5%d1%80%d1%82%d0%b8%d0%b5&cat=BOOK&p=1

Paul Edwards. Immortality


http://www.amazon.com/Immortality-Paul-
Edwards/dp/1573921300/ref=sr_1_4?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1323809981&sr=1-4

Long for This World: The Strange Science of Immortality [Bargain Price]
[Paperback]
Jonathan Wein
http://www.amazon.com/Long-This-World-Strange-
Immortality/dp/B0068EWH6M/ref=sr_1_8?
s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1323809981&sr=1-8

Clifford A. Pickover. A Beginner's Guide to Immortality: Extraordinary


People, Alien Brains, and Quantum Resurrection 2006
http://www.amazon.com/Beginners-Guide-Immortality-Extraordinary-
Resurrection/dp/B0011A5YCM/ref=sr_1_9?
s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1323809981&sr=1-9


http://dennett.livejournal.com/244735.html
.

, 10 000 , ,
.

lesswrong :
http://lesswrong.com/search/results?cx=015839050583929870010%3A-
802ptn4igi&cof=FORID%3A11&ie=UTF-
8&q=immortality&sa=Search&siteurl=lesswrong.com%2Fr%2Fdiscussion%2Fnew
%2F
.. . -.: , 1990
.. : ? -: , 1990
.. . .1.
XIX-XX . -: , 1993

Immortality institute
http://www.imminst.org/

"Point transition or a rapid process, Singularity still seems difficult to come


to grips with and, hence, quite threatening. The fast succession of dramatic
transformations promises to destroy or invalidate most of the things one identifies
with. Modification of familiar objects beyond recognition, even through
improvement, looks much like destruction; it's "death forward", as I call it. This is a
subjective problem, and it requires a subjective solution. The solution is actually
quite simple: junk the outdated concept of static identity, and think of yourself as a
process."
http://hanson.gmu.edu/vc.html


http://bodycloning.info/library/Transplantation/


http://settleretics.ru/


http://transhumanism-russia.ru/forum/index.php?showforum=39

, -
. -
.
http://www.overcomingbias.com/2011/12/the-immortality-of-me-now.html

"Personal Identity and Uploading", by Mark Walker


http://lesswrong.com/r/discussion/lw/994/personal_identity_and_uploading_by_mark
_walker/
Survival Strategies
Authors: David A. Eubanks
Cite as: arXiv:0812.0644v1 [q-bio.PE]
Abstract: This paper addresses the theoretical conditions necessary for
some subject of study to survive forever.
http://arxiv.org/abs/0812.0644

Immortality: The Quest to Live Forever and How It Drives


Civilization [Hardcover]
Stephen Cave (Author)

http://www.amazon.com/Immortality-Quest-Forever-Drives-
Civilization/dp/0307884910/

****
, ,
?
.

**

,
.
,
, .

:
" ",
, , .
, . . :)

:
,
. :
1 (
) -
, , ,
. (
,
)
2 ,
, , \
\.
3 ,
\, .

17
""
.
"", .
,
. .
:
, :
1.
2.
3.
:
1. (..
)
2.
2.1.
2.2.
2.3. (
)
"":
1.
2.

Plumbax:

> ,
, .
? ,
? ,
?

.
, ""
, , ,
.
, . ,
-
, ,

.
,
, ,
.
, ,
- -

, ""
.
,
-
"" -

.
, .
? ,
- ,
, , .

**

Alicawinter:

,
, ,
, ,
, , , ,
, , , ,
" ", , ,
.
, , .
, , ,
, , ,
. , .
-, .
, .
, ,
, .
, ?
memento mori .

ps

:
-,
,
, , , .,
, ,
.
, .

, .
**
Plumbax:
, , -
, . , -
.
,
.
, ,
.

Pound sterling

,
" ", .
, ,
.
:
1. ,
.

, , - .
.
2. ,
,

- , , .
3. :
(
, ) ?
4. , ,
, , ,
, (

)
, , ?
, . , ,
. ?
?
, ,
, .
5. - .
. .
, ,
,
, 10-20
, , ,
,
.
, , ,
- , , 100%.
- ,
.
4. ,
"
".
Stans
, , ""
, ,
" " -
- .
, . ,
, "" . -

. .
http://turchin.livejournal.com/681181.html?replyto=5122525

.
?
,
,

,
.
,
,
.
,
? ,
, .

.
, , ,
, ,
, , .
?
, ,
, ,
.
,
circut breaker -

.
, ,
,
.
, :
, ,
, , . ,
.
, .
,
.
.
, ,
, ,
.
, .
.
, .
? , ,
.

,
(),
, , ,
,
. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/neutral-monism/
, ,
, , , ,
, (
, , =
mc 2, ,
, 19
.)
, ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
. (
.) ,
, ,
, , .
, -: ( - ),
( - ), ( ), ( - )

, .
( 17
, ) ,
,
, (, ).
,
, . ,
, , , ,
, , ,
. , ,

.
, ,
. , .
.

, -
. ,
: , .
,
, .
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/_
,
. (,
,
). : .
. . .
. .
, , , ,
, , ,
. , ,
,
.
, , ,

( , ).

.
, .

.
,
.
, .
, ,
, ,
. : .
,
.
, ,
, ,
.
,
,
;
. , ,
.
(, ,
).
, .
. (
,
:
, ). ,
.
,
, ,
, .
.
,
, , ,
.
, , , ,
, ,
.
.
, , .
. .
,
, .
rand,
.
, ,
. .
,
, .

.
, . (
- ).
.
, , -.
-
.
.
.

. ,
.
,
, ,

.

, ,
, , .
.
, ,
(, ). ,
,
. ,
.

. (
),
, ,
.

,
.
:
) ,
) ,

,
, .

.
. , - .
. - ,
.
, , , ?
, , ,
.


.
. ,
(:
).
,
.

.
.
.

,
. ,
( ,
).

,
- ,
, ,
, , .


.
. .

,
.

,
.
,
( ).

, , .

, .
, , ,
. ,
.

, . ,
, ,
.
, ,
, -
, ,
- ,
.
,
.
.
,
,
, ,
, , .

, ,
, -
, , ,
. ,
,

, ,
.
-
.
- ,
, ,
- .

,
, .
,
,
. , ,
.
:
, , .
.
,
, .
, ( ).
blind indifference ,
, .
, , ,
. , ,
, .
. ,
, ,
, ,
.

( , ),
( , - ),
,
, .
. , ,
. ,

. , ,
, ,
, . , , ,
,
, .
http://lesswrong.com/r/discussion/lw/fgl/simulationist_sympathetic_magic/

, , ,
,
.

. ,
.
,
.
. ( )
.
,
,
, .
. ,
,
.
,
.

,
,
, .
,
, ,
.
- ,
, ,
, , ,
. , ,
.
, , ,
, , ,
, , ,
.

( , ),
, .
,
.
,
.
,
,
, .
, ,
, , .
. ,
Doom, .
, ,
, , .
http://lesswrong.com/lw/qk/that_alien_message/

, - ,
, ,
.


( ), ,
. , ,
, .

. Watson

. Stuxnet, . ,
,
. ,
, 1949.
. ,
.
,
.
,
. ,
, .
.

-
, .
, , .

, , .
,
, . .
, , ,

,
. , -
72, , .
,
. .

,
,
. -
( ),
GPS.
.
, ,
. ,
,
, -
.
. , ,
,
-
, .

.


, . ,
, , .
. , .
, .
, .
.
,
, ,
? ?

-
. - ,
, ,
,
, -
, .
, , ,
.
- , ,
. ,
. .
.
- - , .
, ,
.
.
,
, , , ,
. , ,
, .
.
- .
, ,
. ,
. ,
, .
-, ,
. ,
, ,
,
.
, -,
.
, .
.
:
,
. -
,
- -
. , ,
, .
, ,
, ,
, .
.


.
.
. - -,
, .
,
.
,
. .
. ,

- .
, , .
.
. ,
- .
,
. Texas
instruments.
,
.
. .

, ,
, , ,
, ,
.
.
.
,
, ,
.
,
, .
. .

.
,
,
. ,
,
.
.
(, , ,
). .
,
.
.
, , .
.
.
. ,
, .
, ,
, , ,
-
, .

- .
, , .

Safe car
, ,
, ,
.
,
, .
-
, , ,
50 /
(, ,
)
-
, ,



.


1 2,
: -
. , 1 2
: 1/40 ,
,
.
- ,
8 , . (
,
).
2 ,
1.
.
.
.
2,
, .
( , ).


. : .
, .

.
, ,
,
, , .
,
.
,
,
, , .

. ,
, . ,
, , .
,
.
: )
.
)
.

- ,
,
, - .

, ,
. IQ
200
,
,
. ,
,
IQ .
,

.
IQ 200
(), ,
,
. .
, .
,
.

,

.

. ,
,
. ,
,
, , , ,
,
.
. ,
, , . (,
, , .)
-
- .
, ,
.
. ,
, . , , ,
, . .
, , ,
, , .
, ,
, ,
, ,
.

.
,
,
,
,
.
, ,
? - ,
.
,
, ,
.
- .
.
.
, ,
.

, ,
, , ,
.
, ,
, ,
. ,
,
. ,
. ,
. ,
.
,
STUXNET, .
,
,
, ,
. , ,
,
10 .

,
:

,



http://meddaily.ru/article/17oct
2012/vega_n ,

-






83,3 ,


- 85,7.

9,5 6,1




http://www.dailytechinfo.org/na
notech/3531-upotreblenie-
uglerodnyh-bakibollov-mozhet-
stat-klyuchom-k-
dolgoletiyu.html


http://meddaily.ru/article/17oct
2012/smotret
,

,


4,8



25 .


,

,








.

http://www.rbcdaily.ru/2012/10/
19/cnews/562949984958873





,

30%,




.
40%.

21
(FGF21),

-10

http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki
/_

23

12000

48-78
,

(
= 8
)

,


.

[64].

.
,


,
,


30 %

, ,


[71].

(
)

57 %
,

[74].

http://www.eternalmind.ru/ , 15
, index.php?

option=com_content&task=view&id=451
BubR1 4&Itemid=1


15%

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sirolimus#Life Rapamyci
span_extension_in_mice n was
first
shown to
extend
lifespan
in
eukaryote
s in 2006.
[32]
Power
s et al.
showed a
dose-
responsiv
e effect
of
rapamyci
n on
lifespan
extension
in yeast
cells.
Building
on this
and other
work, in a
2009
study, the
lifespans
of mice fe
d
rapamyci
n were
increased
between
28 and
38% from
the
beginning
of
treatment
, or 9 to
14% in
total
increased
maximum
lifespan.



,
.
, , ,
1 10**15. (
,
,
).
, 10**15 45 .
.
,
, 1
, 1 2**(10**9),
. (
, ).

X,
X.
,
, ,
.
,

.
.
,
,
,
. , ,

. -
0,1 ,
50 , ,
.

, ,
, .
, ,
, ,
,
.
,
,
,
, .
,

, (
,

, ), ,
,
1 10 000 ,
, 100
,
.
10 ,
0,1
. ,
,
,
.
, ,
,

.
,
,
. ,
, ,
, ,

. ,
,
, ,
.

,
.
http://hanson.gmu.edu/mangledworlds.html

-
. ,
, .



1. , ,
( ).
- .
2. ,
, (, ).
.
3. . , .
, ,
.

.
.
- ,
.
, .
, .
. ,
, ,
.
,
.
,
.
.

, ,
.
,
,
, .
, ,
.
, , ,
.
. ,
.
, , . .
: 1, 2, 3.
: : !, !!, !!!.
- . ,
. ,
.
- ,
, ,
-.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultimate_ensemble

: ,
, .
, .
, , ,
, , .
, ,
.
,
.
, ,
,
, . (3
, ).

.
,
- ,
,
.
,
. ,
. , .
, .
, .
.
.
,
. ,
, ,

,
.
. ,
: 100 , ,
.
, ,
, . ,
, .
,
.
, ,
. 40 140 .

.

. 20 , -
- ,
, - . ,
,
, ,
.
.
25 2013
, ,
, .
.
,
.
.
.
, , , ..
,
.
. , , .
,
, , , -
. ,
200 . ,
. , ,
. ,
, ,
.
2011
, . 2014
,
,
. ,
, ,
,
.
, ,
, , ,

, . , , -
,
, . ?



, ,
. ,
, ,
10 ,
. ,

, . ,
.
,
. , ,
. , ,

,
. ,
- ,
,
, .
,
, ,
.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/04/130403131354.htm

,
. , ,
,
, . ,
.



.
,
. .
, , ,
. : -, ,
, .
.

- - ,
.
, (, )
.

: ?
: .
?
: .
?
, ,

?
: , .
?
: .
?
: ????

:
3. .
(
). ,
, .
,
.
. .
.
4. .
, .
, , .

, ,
, .
5. .
, , ,
. ,
-, .
, .
, .
6. . ,
,
.
, ,
, , - ,
.
,
,
,
. ,
, .

.
, , ,
, ,
.
,
. ,
.
,
,

.


.
,

. , -
, .
,
, .
, ,
( ).
,
.
,
, ,
.

.

,
, ,
, , .
,
, .
,
,
, .
, ,
.

, , , ,
.
,
.
,
,
, ,
.
, , .

,
.

.


, .

.
2020 500 ,
2015 48. 10 000,
. ,
:
,
, 100 ,
. 10 000 .

. 10 000
, ,
. , ,
,

. ?
.
, .
? ?
?
, .
- 786 . 50
, IBM Sequoia.
, , . ,
. , :
.
, .
30 ,
.
.
.
,
. ,
, ,
. , , ,
, .
IBM Watson, 2011 ,
. Watson
90 50
. 1600
. , .

,
, , .
Watson,
. ,

. , .
, ,
, ,
. 2007 2012 100
, . , 20-30
.
. :
, . ,
, ,
-.
, , , ,
,

.
, .
, , H7N9,
8 .
, 1
4400 .
- .
H7N9 7 .
, , SARS , H5N1 2009
, , 60 1000
.
.
, , ,
,
,
, .
, , .
,
, ,
.
- ,

. -

. ,
,
, . .
.


.
,
.
, , ,
,
,
.

, , ,
, , .
.

. -,

, . -,


.
,
Longevity party,
. ( ,
,
, .
, .)
.
, .
,

.
,
.


.
, .
-
. ,
. 21
: ,
.
,
, ,
,
, .
,
.
,
,
.


. 2030
,
.
,
. ,
,
.


:
1.
.
2. .
.
.
3.
, .
4. .
5. 5
.
6.
, , ,
.
7.
.
, ,
, , .



, ,

,

1. .
. .
.
2. .
,
.
3. .

,
.
. , 70
, , 100 . ,
- .
,
,
,
.
.

,
.
, .
, . ,

. ,
.
,
, .

.
.
, , ,
,
. ,
. ,
, cool.
-, , .
2045, , ,
Zerostate . . ,
, .
. .

,
, , , , ,

. ,
, , .
,
, ,
, .

, ,
, ,
. , ,
.
: , , : 42.
:
, .
.

.
, , . ,
.
,
12 .
,
.
, ,
. .
. ,
, , ..
, , ,
, . ,
, ,
. ,
. , ,
. .
.
. ,
, . ,
, .
, .
. ,
, ,
. 2100
.
: 2017
.
,
. .
. , ,
(, .),
,
. .
. , ,
.

End Day https://www.youtube.com/watch?


v=t1uXO-F5jZE

Not in Boston
,
, .
: !
. :
, !
. ,
.
:
.
. Not in Boston. Not in Boston, - ,
. ,
.
, ,
, , .
, , ,
. , ,
- ,
, .
,
.
, . ,
:
, ,
, ,
. ,
. ,
.
. , ,
,
. , ,
, .
-.
, , ,
. , .
, : Not in Boston.


,
- . , .
, . 2 -
. ,
. ,
.
.
.
. -- . ,
.
.

! !
. ,
.
: 2013

22 ,
2013 .
.

. , , , . ,
, ,
, ,
- .
,
, ,
, .

, .
,
30 . . .
-
, .
, . ,
. , .

, -
.

, - , , ,
, , . ,
.
,

, .
, ,
,
, , .
2013 ,
.
.

,
.
, .

, ,
(, , , , ). ,
,
, ,
.
.

, ,

.
, , .
, , .

,
, .
,
.
,
:
, ,
10-15 ,
.

. 2013
H7N9, .
. 100 20,
.
.
, . ,
, .
, ,
.
- , ,
. H7N9
, ,
, .
, ,
, , ,
,
, .
, ,
.
, SARS,
,
.
.
2011 ,
,
, ,
,
. ,
, ,
.
,
,
, -
. ,
.

, ,
.
2013 .
, ,
10-20 . ,
, ,
10 20
.
.
Watson ,
, .
,
.
2008
,
,
,
.
, 1930- .
, , ,
(:
).
, .

, - . , ,
,
,
. .

1. 20-30
, .
2. ,
.
.
3. , .
4. - ,

.
5. ,
, .
1930- . .
6. , ,
, ,
, (, ,
, ).
7. , ,
, ,
- , .
8. -
, , . .
9.
.
10. .

Current political situation:


1. We all are condemned to death penalty during next 20-30 years as we are not
young.
2. We all are imprisoned in our body and the size of our single confinement cell
decreases steadily. Step by step it turns into a macabre lock-up because of aging.
3. As it infers from above, we have nothing to lose.
4. The only way to save ourselves is a rapid development of science and
technologies, the realization of a superproject for overcoming the aging and death.
5. Many scientific research are carried out today but it's only a one thousandth of
what must be done. That's like studies of atomic nucleus in 1930s. But we need new
a Manhattan project to fight death.
6. The reasons that nothing is being done are in the low understanding of the power
of science, the low value of life extension, the rule of religious prejudice, as well as
corruption in science (scams, rip-off, custom-made articles, bureaucratic innovation).
7. Therefore, to change the situation, you need to change public opinion, to increase
the competence, to create a social demand for the life extension for people, rulers and
billionaires.
8. However, rational persuasion does not work - there was published many books,
created many sites, etc, but no result.
9. Only a strong emotional impact can change people's opinions.
10. Longevity party was created just for that.

, ,
. - ,
. .
. .
. ,
. .
.
,
.
, .
, ,
. , - ,
. - ,
.
.
, .
,
, .
, , , ,
.
, , -
, .
,
,
.
.
.
,
.
.
, , -
.
,
party

. . .
.

, ,
, 50 . . ,
: , ,
. .

? , , ,
.
. , , .
, , ,
. .

, ,
- ? ,
. ?
, .
, 5000 , ?
, .

, ,
, .
,
. , ,
. ,
10
. , 90
, .

, ,
, , ,
.
- .

AI halting problem

, ,
N . , ,
, ,
.
.
, ,
, .
.

, , .

, , .
- Hitthelimit
.

. - ,
, . , ,
. .
, ,
, . ,
, .
, . ,
, .
.
, .
, -
, , .
, ,
.
,
100 20 40 ,
. ,

.
,
.
. ,
.
.
, ,
. .
.
. .
,
. ,
.
http://youtu.be/57JEAsgnVoY

hyper loop
, .
. ,
,
"" .

.
. ,
, .
,
.
, .
- -
.


,
( ),
. -,
,
, , .

. . .
. .
, .
, ,
. ,
, .
, , ,
.
, ,
, .
- , .
,
.

. , ,
.
,
, ,
. ,
,
.
,

, ,
.
,
, , .

.
, , ,
- .
, , .
, , , ,
.
.
.
,
.
,
.



. ,
, , .
.
, .
.
? ,

, .
.
.
,
.
, ,

.
.
, .
.
, .

.
. ,
,
,
.
.

!

13 20.00.
: - ,
.
.

: . . 8 . 1. ,
.
. ,
2 , ,
.
,
- ,
.
19.50 20.05
.
.

1. ,
. . . .
2.

3. . , ,
, .
4.
5.
6.
7. ,
. ,
.
8. . .
9. , , .
. .
.
10.
11. , , ,
. .
.
12.
.
13. ,
., 2032, ,

14.
2030 . .
15. ,
,
16. ,
, , , ,

17. .
18. , , - , ,
.
19. ,
20.
21.
22. .

23. , ,
24. ,
, ,
7 6 ,
. .
25.
. . .
19 . .

. ,
,
.
.

, .
, , ,
, .

,
, 100 1 .
.
.


.
.
,
. .
.

. ,
.
,
, . , ,
.

,
.
,
. ,
, .
, ,
.

. 90
, ,
. , -
, , .
, .
10 , 2 .
.

,
.

, .

,

.

Fm 2030

1. ,

2. 20 ,
, 1000000 ,
,

3. : 0
: , -

4. ( :
, - ,
)
5. ,
,
6. , , ,
, ,
7. . : ? .

8.
9.
10. .
11.
12. , ,
13. 300 .
14. longevity party
15.
16. ,
17. , .
18. .
19. .
20.
21. 2032 . .
22.
23. - - .
,
24. - ,
.
25. , , . .
26. - ,
,
27. -.
28. . .
29.
30.
31. : ,
32. , ,

AI risk
There is several points where AI could become existential risk. One is its ability of
unlimited self improving. The result of it clearly will be unpredictable complex
system with high capabilities and unknown goals.
Another is its need to take power over the world, even if it is so called Friendly AI -
it needs to take power globally to stop other AI projects and it is a moment when the
war between AI could start.
Third point is the moment when an AI became "self-aware" - when it includes itself
in its world model and realize that it could be switched-off. This moment was
depicted in the Terminator movie.
In general we could create great AI without its ability of self improving. It could
solve medical problems and control other AI projects. Its would be something like
Google is now doing (with NSA). But it still need to take control over the world. If
several national AI would be created, the arm race between them is inevitable which
would lead to self improving AIs and AI war. And human extinction.
In fact from here we see that the main risk in AI field comes from existing of national
states which tend to have war with one another. The same as in the case of nuclear
war.

Also we could create ems - human emulations - and also prevent them from
considerable self improving. Just tweaking some parameters. The answer to it is
peaceful unification of the world, and such unification should be the goal of
Longevity party.

:
, ,
. .
- , - , -
. ,
, ,
. , .

:
. ,
, , .
, . - , -
, - .
, ,
, . ,
.
, .
.

I think that it is possible to grow a new body using advanced stem cell regulation.
But it should be without brain or its upper part where consciousness is located. In
this case it would be possible to transplant my brain in this new body.


, , ,
. .
,
,
.
, , 6 ,
, , .
.
, .
, 12 .
, 1985 ,
, . ,
, . ,
. ,
, .
31
. , ,
, , .
, .
1 , 2
. , ,
. , , ,
. , .
, , , , .
, . ,
,
.
, ,
.
: ,
,
.
: , , ,
- , , - ,
.
, , ,
. , .
, ,
, . ,
: ,
,
.
, ,
. ,
.
. ,
, , .
,
.
,
. :
, , -
. ,
, .
,
, , ,
.
, 1987 , ,
,
, .
. ,
, , ,
, .
, , , ,
, , .
, , ,
.
, .
,
, .
,
,
.

,

: ( )
: .


60, 100. 100,
200. )) )))

37 , , 36, , 70,
. , . ?

,
,,
.
,.
1.
."".,
,,
..
,
.

,IQ.
)
),.
),
.
,
,.,
,.,
,
,.,
,.(
,
).
(,,

.),
,
,.
2.,
,.
,
,.
,,
,,,

,.
3.,
.
,,
,,
.
,
.
4.
,,,
,
.


,
,,,,
,.
.,
,.
.
,
.,
.
,
.

,,.

,
. ,
. , ,
.
.
.
, .
,
,
, .
,
. .

,
- ,
, , ""
"", , ,
.
, , , ,
.

We celebrated 1 year anniversary of Longevity party in Moscow. Around 50


people attended. We danced, drink and show vital energy to live forever

. SENS,
,
,
, , ,
,
. , SENS
, 15 ,
, ,
-,
, .

80- ,
,
. ,
.

,
, ,
.

,
, ,
, .
,
, , ,
.
, ,
,
, ,
.


, .
, ,
, ,
- ,
. ,

.
, -
.
,
.
.
. -,

, - ,
,
.
-,
. ,
,
.
, .
, .
.
1. ,
, ,
.
,
,
.
2.
.
3.
, .
.
4. ,
,
.
5.
, .
6.
Doomsday Bomb, .
7. ,

.
8. ,
.
,
. , ,
.

Thank you for listing my article.


Bolonkin clearly is not right because Sun's hydrogen can't detonate. Only
deuterium and lithium on cold gas planet is good for detonation. Or you should
go as far as Sirius B which is white dwarf and could theoretically be detonated.
Or as close as Earth where lithium deposits or uranium mines could be regarded
as possible candidates for detonation.
But it does not mean that we can't do something to the Sun. If Sun would be hit
by a comet with 100 km diameter - which is rare but much-much more often than
such hit for Earth - the energy of the impact would be 1000 times more than
Sun's output in a second, which means that for a few seconds the Sun will
became hundreds times brighter and this could cause fires everywhere. And also
it could provoke strong magnetic event and some nuclear reactions in the
moment of the impact, the main risk from which is not energy boost but
radioactive contamination of space and Earth.
The large comet could be relatively easy disturbed in Oort cloud as orbital
velocities there are very small and even a small incoming impactor would be
enough to put a comet body in a free fall towards the Sun - which will take
hundreds of years. Some large stellar flares on Sun-like stars could be explained
by this mechanism. Such flares were recently discovered and their origin is no so
clear.
'Superflares' erupt on some Sun-like stars
http://www.nature.com/news/superflares-erupt-on-some-sun-like-stars-1.10653

Sergio! Me and Daria Khalturina is going to form a group for x-rsks prevention,
which will be different from many other groups because will use UN as a point of
our efforts. Daria has good connections in UN and know how thing works where
as well she has extensive political relations.

18
.
. ,


. :
.
- .
- .
,
.

,
,
, .
:

,
,
.
,
, ,
.
. -
, -
,
.
.
.
,
. ( ),
,
.
, ,
. , ,
,
?
,
. :
,
,
, ,
? ?
, ,

. ,
: ,

?

, ,
. , ,
,


? ?
. ,
3- ( )
?
40 ,
.
,
.
. ,
.
,
,
.
,
. ,

,
.


,
,
.

? -
,
,

-. ,
? - ?
-?
, .
- ,
, .


, ,
.
,
, ,

.

, , ,
,

.
.


. , , -

, , ,
-- .

,
.
, .
, ,
.
.


, , ,
, ,

http://forums.thefashionspot.com/f52/eliana-weirich-8746-
5.html



.
, ,
. ,
, .
-, ,
.
, , .
.
, , .
, , ,
.
.
-
. , ,
,
.
,
. . ,
-
.

, ,
. ,
,
. ,

, . ,
, ,

. ,
.
.
,
, ,
,
.
-, .
,
. .
, ,
, , -
,
, . ,
.
,
, ,

, , , ,
. , -
. , , ,
.
, ,
.
, .
.
,
,
.

, ,
.
,

.
, ,
,
.
.
, ,
.
, , .
, .
,
, .
.
,

, .
, , ,
, .
, , ,
, . ,
.
, , ,
,
. ,
, : , ,
.
, . ,
-
, . ,
. . , ,
,

. , , .
.
.
.
, ,
,
.


: , .
,
. , , .

.
30 . , ,
, ,
, .
,
, .
,
, , .
-,
. ,
. ,
.
, .
.
, ,
. ,
, , .

, -
.

.

:
, , , , ,
( ). ,
.
,
.
, ,
.
,
, ,
. ,
.
, ,
. .
.

. .
, , , ,
, .
, .
: (
) .
.
, .


. . ,
, .
. , ,
, . , ,
. .

,
. .
.
,
, .
, , ,
. , ,
, ,
.

: ,
, .
, . ,
,
, ,
.

1 2010 .
, 24 2010 .
2010 ,
.
, ,
. , .
.
. , ,
, , ,
.
,
. Cryorus,
.
Cryorus :
.
,
.

.

.
23 , ,
1:50 .
.
.
,
, ,
, .
:
,
- !
,
Cryorus.
, .
-
, .
, ,
, , , ,
.
, ,
, , ,
,
- , ,
.
,
14.00 .
,
.
. ,
.
,
.

, .
.
,
, .
,
, , . ,
.
, ,
" " ( ).
, ? , .
, , , ,
. 5
.

,
. ,
.

, . ,
. ,
.
.
, ,
180 .
, .
, .
, 8 2004 , ,
. 81 .
.
. .
, , .
, ,
, . ,

, ,
, .
. ,
, ,
- .
. 10
,
.
. ,
: , - . ,
, .
,
- ,
-
.
, ,
, 30 40 ,
, 6 ,
.
, , ,
, ,
.
. , , ,
.
- :
. .
. ,
.
, , :
, . ,

. , :
, .
. , ,
, .
8 , .
, , ,
,
, .
: . -.

,
,
.
: ?
. ,
, , .

, ,
.
. ,


. ,
, ,
.

9 ,
, , .
.
, , . 9
, ,
, . 1,5 ,
- , .
,
, .
, .
, ,
. ,

. 8 ,
,
, -
. ,
.
,
. 2012
. ,
, ,
,
, , - .
, ,
. ,
-
.

,
, .
.

,
. ,
, , , ,
, .

.

(
), 6 ,
.
. , ,
, ,
.
,
70%
. 5000000$

.

. :
2014 .
,
. ,
, ,
.
,
. ,
.

,
, .
. ,
. ,
.

, 2007
, , .

. , ,
.


,
. ,

, .

, ,
,
, .
,
.

Maia Konovalenko: Let me share my story

I was a student at the Moscow Institute of Phisics and Technology and in our 5th year
we had a course The basics of Gerontology. God, I hated the guy who was
lecturing us! His name is Valery Mamaev. When I was answering his questions at my
first exam during the winter session, he said I am going to become fat and ugly at 40
years of age. That was quite an unpleassant thing to hear. During the spring exam
session he said that my parent are sick, because everyone after 50 gets
atherosclerosis. That was very unpleasant as well, because I never thought of my
parents as old and decrepid. Well, I got an A at both exams, but my never-thinking-
about-aging state of mind was disturbed.

I was at the crossroads in my life at that time. I didnt want to spend 70% of my time
tutoring English to get money for food, and I was looking for a job. And what do you
think? My Gerontology professor offered me one. It was a translation of a 70-pages
long chapter from the book Free radicals in Biology and Medicine. Mamaev said
there was this rich guy, who is interested in aging and the translation was for him. I
understood what superoxide dismutase and other anti-oxidants do, and I knew some
English, thats why I got lucky. I negotiated the pay over the phone with this person
and asked for more, which, apparently, made him pay attention to my existence.
After one month, when almost all of the translation was ready, we met and I showed
him a sample of what Ive done.

Two days later I was going to the Serj Tankian concert and I got a phone call from
this guy, whose name is Mikhail Batin and he asked whether I wanted to work for
him and invited me to his office. We should have seen me: wearing huge star earings,
a T shirt with some ridiculous Mickey mouse print and jeans torn in like a hundred
places I poped in to his law firm office on my way to the concert, which was the
single thing I could think about at that time. Mikhail told me he was setting up a non-
profit aimed at supporting researchers that work on aging. He said that life is a good
thing and worth extending. Mikhail asked if I wanted to become his assistant and
help with communicating with scientists. I thought: sure, why not. He also gave
me a newspaper that hed created with some scientific news on the topic of aging. I
dint really read it carefully. I remember that when I was sitting there talking to
Mikhail I had this thought ok, oh no, if I really start thinking this thought, there will
be no way back to the bliss of not recognizing the largest problem in my life. Oh, ok,
now its too late, the thought is here already. Apparently, I have to work on the
problem of aging. That was all for that day.

I really understood that I want to live forever and that its a very-very good thing
only after my second conversation with Mikhail. It was my first day working for
him. He invited me to translate his conversation with Danila Medvedev and Mike
Darwin. Danila is the leader of Russian transhumanist Movement. Mike Darwin is
one of the best specialists in cryonics in the world. Mike was visiting Moscow and
they were discussing the ideas of how to make cryonics a popular concept and the
problems that this field has. I have never even heard the term before. I remember the
sheer light of hope that suddenly lit up inside me when I learned what cryonics meant
basically lets cryopreserve the person after he or she is dead and store the body or
the brain until the technology is created to restore the functions in the distant future.
For me it meant that maybe we dont have to die and be gone forever, maybe we
dont have to age, and maybe these problems can be fixed using the technology. After
this conversation Mikhail asked me if I was an immortalist and I said yes, apparently
I was. The word did seem qeer a bit, but this feeling was washed away instantly by
the positive emoions that I had after hearing about the possibility, even a very remote
one, that something could be done about aging and death.
:

: , , ,
. ,
, , -
, ,-- ,
,-- ,
. , ,
, , ,
, , -,
. , ,
, - ,
, , , ,
, --
, , , .

, , ""
:

"... , , , , , ,
, , ,
, - , , , ,
, ...
, ,
.
,
. , , .
, , . , , .
2 1904
.
, .
,
, ... -
: " " - .
, , , "
" , , "
,
".
http://jolita.livejournal.com/1946762.html?thread=14468234

o patients like me


,



. ,
, , ,

Say No to human extinction via AI, nanotech and biotech


Get latest information about x-risks and discuss your ideas about prevention

.
,
, .
, . ,
,
, .
, .
2
,
, 40.
.
23 1994
, .
.
19 .
2010 ,
.
.

.

, .
, ,
.

. , ,
,
, .
, , , .
,
.
, .

?
3 .
?

,,,

.
, , . .
,
.
,
.
, ,
. , 2+2=4 , -
.
.
. -, ,
- . 7 ,
. ,
, , .
,
, .

, ,
( ).
,
, .
,
, .

,
. . .
. ,
, , . (
3 -, -
, .)

1. ,
.
2. .

.
3. .
, , ,
, , , .
4. ,

5.
,

,
, .
,

.
,
.
, ,
. .

.
,
.
,
, . , .
, ,
. .
19 : ,
-
- .

.
. ,
. ,
.
,
- .
. : , .
, .
80-
.
,
,
. , 9
47 ..
, ,
, . .
.
.

,
.
, -
.
,
.
7- , .
51 , .
.
, ,
.
, . 4
,
, .
. 19
, .
, ,
, , ,
.
.
.

.
. .
, , 20 ,
, , .
1939 ,
.
.
1980- - ,
.
2012
,
. .
14- .
, .
4
. , ,
.
19 .
,
. .
.
. ,
,
.

, 64
. ,
. , .
. ,
30, , .
.
, .
, , .
20 , .
50 .
, .
, ,
. , , ,
.
.
, .
.
-, , .
, 30 , ,
, ,
.
,
.
,
, .
.
.
, 32-
.
, .
, ,
.

, -
, .
,
.
, -
.

.
, , ,
, ,
. , , .
. , ,
60 23 . ,
, .


,
. .
, . .
.


. ,
, , ,
. ,
, ,
. .

18
,
. .

,
. 10 .

, , 32 , ,
.
35 , ,
.

18 , 27-28 , 32 .

23 .
,
.

,
. , .

-,
. ,
. , .
,
.

, ,
. 19
. .
.

, ,
, . ,
.
, , ,

, ,
. ., , ,
.
,
.
.
. 15 .

. ,
. , , .
.
, .

,
. 5 .
.

, .
- , .

, , .

: .
3-5 , , 15-
20 , 40
. , ,
. 40-45
1,5 .
,
REM,
.?
:
.
.
.
.,:
.
90,,
,,.
.
,,..
,,,,
.,,
.

, , , , , , ,
. .
, , , ,
.

, , ,
. ,
, .

, , , ,
.
( ).

,
, ,
, ,
CNN, - -
, . .

, , ,
.
.
, ,
.

, .
,
. ( : , .
, .)
. , .

,
, .
. , .
, ,
, ,
.
,
.
, 19 , . ,
, , . 20
5 .
. , , ,
, , .
-, , , , ,
.
, ,
. - , .
- ,
. , :
, , , , , .
, .
,
.

.
, , .
, ,
, .

. .



, ,
.



, 600 ,
.
.
, 250 ,
,
,
. , ,
96 % 70 % ,

.

.

, .

,
.
,
1809 ,

,
.
-
.
, , .
,
,
.
, . ,
,
, , ,
, ,
.
,
. ,
- .
.
,
1012 . .
- ,
, ,
.
40-60 .
, ,
. ,
40% , , .

,
.
360 , ,
, .
. , , ,
, .
, 54 . 50
.
, ,
. ,
200 ,
.

, , ,
,
.
,
.
.
, , .
, ,
.
. ,
,
.

, 2 ,
, .
,
-, 600
.
, 3/4 ,
, ,
75 195 .
, ,
. 50-80
. ,
, ,
. , .
,
800 , , ,
. , ,
, .
.
, ,
,
, .
.

, ,
.

.
1030 , .

,

. ,

, , 110130 ,
, ,
, 12 000
, .

,
, .
, 20 , 100 ,
.


. (, )
. (, -)
, , , ,
, . ,
.
. ,
,
.
,
, .
,
, , .
, .
, ,

. ,
, .
.
,
, , .
: ,
, ,
, 200
.
,
, ,
.

,
,

, 200 .
,
, ,
.
100 .
,
.
(237228 )
,
, 400 ,
, 245 96%
. ,
150 .
230 .
,
.
, .
.
, 400 .
, ,
. ,
,
.

, ,
110 .

,

, ,
.
,
, 120 , 17
, 50 , 60 ,
110 , 26 , 60
.
,
1,8 6,5 , -
2 5 .
, 10,6 ,
108,6 ( 1100 )
, 10 .
6800 , , ,
, -
.
5700 ,
6
.
6 (, ),
(, ).
- ,
8100 .

,
, , .
, ,
( ),
9-10 .
, . ,
,
,
,
.
,

, ,
,
, .
2012 4
,
. ,
14 .

,
.
7080 C pH 2 3.
,
,
.
580 3.5
, ,
, .
.
,
4560 . 860
1626 ,
100 .
- 1,5
. . .
60% , , .
,
,
. ,
( 100103),
, ,
, .

Deinococcus
radiodurans, 5000 (
5 ).
,
. ,
, , .

, ,
.

, ,
. ,
, 100
. ,
,
, ,
.
,
. ,
, .

2006
Arctica islandica,
, , 507 .
, ,
, 1499 .
,
, .

,
.
, ,
, 40 ,
- 2-3 .

, , ,
, .
, ,
. , ,
22
,
. ,
,
: -
1, ,

.

, . ,
FBXO31,

, 52
.
, , 32 , 6-10
, .
, ( 20-
), (
, ,
). ,
,
.
,
- ,
. ,
.
5 ,
. ,
,
,
.

.
5000 , - 4000 ,
3000 , 1000 .
, ,
9550 . ,
, . ,
, ,
, .




Turritopsis
Nutricula, . ,
,
, .
, ,
. ,

.
,
250 , , ,
, ,
. 100
6 , 30-
- 1 . ,
.
: , ,
.

120 ,
, ,
.
, .
( 1/100
), , .
FoxO,
,
.

.
2000 ,
100 , ,
.
, ,
3000 , , , .
,
38 ,
30-32 .

,

, (Tardigradae), ,
.
20 . -193 C,
, -271;
+150
.
. 570 000 (
500) 50 % .
,

, 6000 , 6
.
.

. 10 , ,
,
, .
, ,
,
. , ,
" "
, .
,
, ,
. , , ,
(XVII ),
.
, , , "" .
, , 200
.

.
, ,
.

-------------------

.
.
, .



,
.

,
.
. 19 , 20
, -, .
. ,
, ,
.

, ,
, . ,
.
, . ,
, ,
.
,
.
, ,
, .
,
- ,
,
.
-

.
, , ,
.
. ,
. ,
,
, , , .
,
.
,
, -
.

, . ,
, ,
.

.

. , ,
, ,
, . -
,
.
,

.
. -
,
. , ,
,
.
.
,

. ,
, ,
, .

. ,

. ,
.
, , , ,
.


3 ,
, ,
, .

,
, .
1200 . ,
, - . ,
.

-
.
.

+ =

.
, .
,
.

:
-
, , .
,
. ,
.
,
,
.
,
, ,
,
. ,
, , .

-
.
.
.


, ,
, , .
, ,
. ,
, , .

, -
.

.

:
, , , , , ,
( ).

,
.
,
.
.
,
, .
, , ,
. , ,
, ,
.

: ,
, .
, .
, , -
, . -
.