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Alcatel BSS

3BK20516 AAAA TQZZA Ed.03 Rus

:
2002

,


Alcatel.

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

12

1.

17

1.1

18

1.2

BSS
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.2.3
1.2.4

19
19
20
21
21

1.3

BSS
1.3.1
1.3.2

1.3.3

22
22


1.4.1
1.4.2
1.4.3
2 1
1.4.4

29
29
30

1.5


1.5.1
1.5.2 Q3

37
37
38

1.6

BSS
1.6.1
1.6.2
1.6.3
1.6.4
1.6.5 Abis
1.6.6

39
39
40
40
41
43
44

1.4

2.

3/266

23
26

34
35

GPRS BSS

50

2.1

2.1.1
2.1.2 GPRS

50
50
52

2.2

GPRS

2.2.1
2.2.2

56
56
57

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2.2.3

57

2.3

GPRS
2.3.1 Gb
2.3.2 BSCGP
2.3.3 GCH

58
58
59
59

2.4

GPRS

60

2.5

GPRS
2.5.1
2.5.2
2.5.3

60
61
62


2.6.1
2.6.2
2.6.3 PCM

64
65
67

2.7


2.7.1
2.7.2

68
69
70

2.8


2.8.1 GPRS
2.8.2

2.8.3
2.8.4 -

2.8.5 GPRS

71
71

2.6

3.

63

67

73
76
78
81

85

3.1

86

3.2


3.2.1

3.2.2
3.2.3

87
88


3.3.1

3.3.2
3.3.3
3.3.4 / IMSI

106

3.3

97
98

106
107
108
109

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

3.4


3.4.1

111
115

3.5

3.5.1
3.5.2

117
117
117

3.6


3.6.1 IE
3.6.2
3.6.3

120
120
122

3.7

126

3.8

2.8.1
2.8.2

129
130
131

123

134

4.1

135

4.2


4.2.1

4.2.2
3

4.2.3

136

4.3


4.3.1

140
141

4.4


4.4.2
4.4.2 BSS

4.4.3
BSS

143
143


4.5.1
BTS
4.5.2

4.5.3

4.5.4
(handover)

149

4.5

137
138
139

144
146

149
150
150
151

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.5.5

153

4.6.1
4.6.2
4.6.3
4.6.4

155
156
158
168

4.7


4.7.1 BTS
4.7.2 BSC

179
179
180

4.8

182

4.6

5.

183

5.1

184

5.2

5.2.1
5.2.2

5.3

6.

170

-
5.3.1
5.3.2 ,
BSC
5.3.3 ,
BTS
5.3.4 ,

5.3.5

186
186
192
194
194
197
199
202
206


BSS

206

6.1

210

6.2

6.2.1

6.2.2

207

6.3


6.3.1
6.3.2

211
213
215

6.4

217

208
210

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

7.

8.

219

7.1

220

7.2

222

7.3

223

7.4

224

7.5


7.5.1 -
7.5.2

226
226
227

232

8.1

8.1.1 O&M BSS

233
234

8.2

O&M - OMC-R
8.2.1
-
8.2.2 ACO NTC
8.2.3
BSC OMC-R

236


8.3.1

8.3.2
8.3.3

8.3.4

241
241

8.3

8.4

8.5

8.4.1
8.4.2
8.4.3 BSC
8.4.4 BTS
8.4.5 TC
8.4.6 MFS
8.4.7 :

BCCH
8.4.8

8.4.9 BSC

8.4.1
8.5.2

237
238
239

232
233
234
244
246
246
247
252
253
254
255
258
259
260
261
262

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.6

8.5.3

262

263

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.

BSS PLMN

BTS G1 G2
BTS A9100
BSS

BSS

TMN
GSM
,
BSS
4 TDMA,
AGCH
LLC GPRS
Alcatel GPRS

(PLMN)
PDCH

TBF
GPRS
GPRS



GGSN


-


-

GPRS

GPRS

SDCCH


18
22
25
26
27
29
34
38
39
41
45
51
52
64
69
72
74
75
76
77
79
80
82
83
90
92
93

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.



,
AGCH
TDMA, 24




LAI
VLR

FH





-

(
.)
-





MSC
BSC/BTS/




BSC
/BTS
c , BTS

96
99
102
103
104
107
109
111
112
115
124
127
132
142
148
152
153
160
162
163
164
166
174
178
186
187
188
190
191
193
196
197
201
203

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
67.
68.
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.
74.
75.
76.
77.
78.

,
TC
BSS
Ater
BSS


:



:
HMI OMC-R
ACO NTC
X.25
X.25
RSL Abis
:
: ,
BCCH

205
208
210
213
217
221
223
225
227
229
237
238
239
240
248
251
257

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.


Gb
BSCGP


PDCH










_




BTS

10

48
58
59
62
66
68
86
87
113
114
120
123
129
145
147
150
154
215
241
245
252
260
262

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

11

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03


Alcatel BSS

, .
:
>>
BSS
(MS) (NSS).
Alcatel BSS

.
BSS
.
>>

(O&M) .
, O&M BSS.

,
Alcatel BSS:
>> , ,
, :

>>
,

,
, :

, :
>> GSM
>> GPRS
>>
>> .

12/266

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

Alcatel 900/1800
BSS/
(OMC-R) BSS
O&M:
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>


j EVOLIUM BTS/TC
BTS
EVOLIUM BTS A9100/A910
BSC G1
BSC G2

A1353-RA
A1353-RA
EVOLIUM 935 MFS
BSC
BTS

BTS
BSC/TC
EVOLIUM 935 MFS

,

.

{}

,
,

13

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

. Alcatel BSS
:

>> BSS
>>
.
>> BSS.
>>
BSS.
2

GPRS BSS, GPRS


:

>>
>> GPRS
>> GPRS
>> GPRS
>> GPRS
. ,
NSS
.
, .

.


:
>> .
>> .
>> .
>> .
>> .
>> .

14

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

.

. :

>> .
>> .
>> .
>> .
>> (handover).
>> .
>>
.
.
,

>> .
>> BSC.
>> BTS.
>> .

BSS.


BSS. :

>>
BSS.

>>
BSS.
>> .
>> .

15

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

,
, Alcatel 900/1800 BSS.
:

>> .
>> .
>> .
>> .
>> .
>> .
>> .

,
O&M
. :

>> O&M.
>> O&M - O&M-R.
>> .
>> .
>> .
>> .
>> .
>> .

16

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1
1

Alcatel BSS
. :
>>
>> BSS
>> .
>> BSS
>>
BSS.

17

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.

1.1
BSS GSM
. ,

NSS.
1 BSS
(PLMN).

PLMN

BSS
BTS

TRANS

BSC

TRANS

MSC

PSTN

OMC-R

NMC

PSTN =
OMC-R =
NMC =
TTRANS =

1. BSS PLMN.
EVOLIUM TM
Radio
Solutions

BSS
Alcatel

EVOLIUMTM Radio Solutions.

Alcatel EVOLIUM TM Radio Solutions


BSS :
>> G2 BSC
>> G2 TC
>> A9100 BTS
>> A910 BTS
>> Micro-BTS/M1M and M2M
>> A935 MFS

18

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.

19

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.
GPRS

GPRS

.
BSS Alcatel. , PLMN
:
.
, GPRS

BSS, GPRS BSS.


1.2 BSS

(ITU)

BSS
, , , BSS
.
, , ,
.

(, BTS).
BSS
NSS.
, BSS :
>> (call set up)
>>
>>
>> .
1.2.1

, .
:
>>
>>
>>

, ,
,

.
, .
.
, ,

20

SMS,
BSS

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.
.
.
.

.
,
, .
.
:
>>
NSS.

>>
.
>>
.
>>
NSS.

.
1.2.2

.
:
>> .
>>
,
.
>> (Handover) ,
.
>> (Handover),
.
>>
.
>> .

21

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.
1.2.3
,
, ,
.
:
>> :
-
- .
>> :
-
- BSC
- BTS
-
.


1.2.4


(O&M)
BSS
NSS. O&M :
>>
>>
>> .

.

22

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.

1.3 BSS
BSS:
>>BTS.
.
>>BSC. BTS. BSC
BTS , BSS
.
>>.
/ MSC
BSC,
.
- BSS 2. BSS
OMC-R. ,
,

, OMC-R,
, NMC. NMC OMC-R.

NMC.

BSS
BTS

TRANS

BSC

NMC,

TRANS

MSC

/
PSTN
OMC-R

NMC

2. .

1.3.1


BSC BTS,
. , BSC

23

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.
,
MSC ,
. BSC
BTS. BTS
BSC :
BSC :
>> .
>>
>>
>>
>> BSS
>> OMC-R
>> (
Abis) -.

1.6.4, 1.6.5 1.6.6.
BSC :
>> ,

Abis
>>
,
.

.
BSC

BSC G1 EVOLIUM
BSC/TC .
1.3.2


BTS ,

. BTS

. Alcatel
BTS:
>> BTS G1 G2 ( - BTS M1M M2M)
>> BTS A9 100 A910.
BTS ,
.
BTS BSC :

24

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.
>>
>>
>>
>>
>> .
BTS
BIE,
BSC Abis.
BTS A9100 /A910 BIE SUM.
BTS

BTS

BTS . A9 100 /A910


1.3.2.1
BTS
. ,
,
(FU)
BTS. FU ( TRE) ,
.
,
.
BTS

G1 G2


BTS G1 G2
, FU.
FU
,

.
,


.
. 3
BTS G1 G2.

25

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.
BIE

FU
ab


a b

a
b

F
H
U

CU

Tx

Rx

Rx

()

OMU

3. BTS G1 G2.
BTS
A9100/A910

BTS A9100 BTS A910


, BTS G1
G2.
.
TRE,



.
4
A9100.

26

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.

TRE 1

a & b
ab

B
I
E

a
TRE 2

a & b

S
U
M

ab

ab

ab

a
Tx/Rx

a
a
b

ab
TRE 3

a & b

ab

a
b

TRE 4

a & b

a
b
b
a

a
b

b
b
Tx/Rx

4. BTS A9100.

(1 , 34 )
.

TRE ... ,
BTS A910 y y ,
TRE.

1.3.3

.
BSS.
:
>>
()
(Long Term Predication encoding)

27

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.
>>
()
(Algebraic Code Excited Linear Predication)
>> ()
>> O&M .
MSC.

(SM)

Ater

MSC

BSC.

, SM
.
5
BTS.

TSC

BTS

OMC-R

BSC
BIE

TC
SM

BIE

SM

MSC
BTS

BIE

BIE

BTS

BSC

TC

TSC

BIE =
SM =
TSC =
=

5. BSS.

28

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.
,
-.
,
TC

( ).

Abis, TRAU


Alcatel BSS :
>>

GSM 2. TRAU,
Ater.
,
.
>>

, Alcatel. Alcatel
MSC
, Alcatel BSC. , ,
MSC

,
.
BSC,
EN_TC_POOL.
O&M, EN_COMPLEX_TRAU.

29

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.

1.4


BSS :
>> NSS -
>> MS
>> OMC-R BSS/OMC-R.
6 .

PLMN

BSS
BTS

TRANS

BSC

TRANS

MSC

PSTN

OMC-R

NMC

LR=
VLR =
AuC =
EIR =

6. BSS.
1.4.1


PLMN
NSS. NSS
.
:
>> MSC
>> (HLR)
>> (VLR)

30

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.
>> (AuC)
>> (EIR).
MSC

. MSC
, .
NSS BSS.

MSC

HLR ,

. HLR , ,

.
, .
VLR ,
. VLR
MSC VLR,
.

AuC ,
.

EIR
.

1.4.2



,
.
,
(SIM).
SIM ,

(ISO).
(IMSI).


.

(IMEI). IMEI
,

.

31

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.
GSM :
>> 1
>> 1
>> 2.

,
, .
.
2

, , (Handover).

BSS .

,
.
BTS , ( ,
).
(.. , , ,

).


3.8.

,
,
SDCCH (). BSS
:
>>
>>
>> .

BTS.

(FCCH) (SCH).
,
.
,

. ,
, .
BTS FCCH
SCH
(BCCH) .

32

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.
.
,
, .
,
,
, .
.

.
,
CCCH ,
,
.
,
BCCH . BCCH
BCCH (sys_info2).
,
.
.
>>
>> .
,
, ,


.


.
( ).
:
>> .


. ,
,
, .

33

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.
BCCH.
25 .
>> .

,

.
(LAI)

(sys_info 3

sys_info_4)

,
,
.
,
.

,
,

channel_request
(_),
,

. BSS

MSC.
2.2.
,
(LAI)
, MSC. VLR
VLR

.
3.6.3 3.7.
(LAI ) :
>> ()
>> (MNC)
>> (LAC).
BSS
,
.
() BSS
. NSS HLR,
VLR. VLR

(TMSI) . 3.7
TMSI.

34

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.
7
.

7. .

1.4.3

,
, RACH
1.
4.7

2 1

2
1, BSS,
, 2
1
2, MSC.
(BSS MSC) 1.

GSM

1.
2
1 :

35

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.

>> 1
.
2.
, ,
1, 2. ,
,
.
>> , 2,
/ 1.
,
, 2


,
1 .
>> 2

2 ,
1.
, 2
,
1 .

1.
, ,

/.

.

.
1.4.4
OMC-R BSS.
:
>> BSS.
>> .
>> .

36

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.
>>
.

, OMCR, . OMC-R O&M.



.

.

BSS. OMC-R -

/
.
.

37

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.

1.5


OMC-R
, BSS. ,

.
ITU CCITT,




. ,
.
NMC.

1.5.1

(TMN)
, , Q. 8

(TMN).


(MIT). TMN
, .

38

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.

OSS -

8. TMN.
1.5.2

Q3
NMC OMC-R Q3
(. .8). Q3
:
>> .
>> .
>> .
Q3
NMC/OMC-R.

39

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.

1.6 BSS
GSM
. :
>> :

>> ,
.

OSI,
( , 1) ( ,
2). , ,
.

GSM.

BTS

BSC

NSS

CM
MM

GSM

RRM

9. GSM.

1.6.1



() , .
,

40

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.
SMS
160 . (SS)

.
1.6.2



NSS ,

.
,
.

1.6.3


RRM ,

MSC .

.
,

. RRM
BSC.
10 ,
BSS.

41

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.

BSC

BTS

MSC

CM

GSM

MM

RRM
BSSAP

BSSAP
LAPDM

LAPDM

LAPD

LAPD

BSSAP

SCCP

L2

SS7

L1

L1

L1

L1

L1

L1

TC

Abis -
A -

BSSAP = BSS
LAPD = D-
LAPDM = D-
SCCP =
SS7 = 7 CCITT

10. , BSS.

1.6.4


- BSC MSC.
BSC MSC
:
>>
>> .
- :

42

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.
>> 1
>> 2
>> 3 RRM .


.
2 /, 3264 /c
.(TDM)
.

2
.

,
7. :
>> (Manageme Transfer Part ),
.
>> (Signaling
Connection Control Part - SCCP),
,

.

RRM

3,

, SCCP
BSS (BSS Application Part).
:
>> (Direct Transfer
Application Part),
MSC .
BSS. BSS
DTAP.
>> BSS (BSS Management
Application
Part),

,
MSC BSC,
(handover).
- BSC.

BSS,

BSSMAP,
BSC 3.

43

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.

Ater

Ater

- BSC
Ater. BSC, ,
Ater-mux. Ater-mux

Ater. 1.

.
Ater mux PCM
G2 BSC TC.
Ater Ater mux
.

, 4:1 (mapping
4:1).
G1 BSC 3:1,
Ater mux PCM 90 .
4:1 G2 BSC G2 TC
116. G2 BSC
3:1 G1 TC.

1.6.5

Abis
Abis BSC BTS.
Abis :
>> 1
>> 2
>> 3 BTS .


2
. /,
3264 /c (TDM)

.

44

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.


,
LAPD.
:
>> (Radio Signaling Link - RSL)
( SMS).
>> (OML)
O&M.
>> 2 ( Management Link-L2ML)
2, ,
.

BTS

1.6.6

BTS 3
BSC BTS.

BTS.
,
3 BTS (BTS RR)
.

.


BTS
.
:
>> 1
>> 2
>> 3 RRM .

LAPDm.

45

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.

(RRM)

3
BTS.
3, , BTS
.

,

(FDMA)
(TDMA).

()

,
.
TDMA.

, BTS _
BSC, Ki

__.

3.8.

GPRS ,

. GPRS 2.


.


.

. 26 51

,
. ,

.
11
TDMA,
(AGCH).

11. 4, TDMA, AGCH.



.

46

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.

()
. Alcatel BSS
:
>> :

>> :

(9.6 /)

(4.8 /)

(4.8 /)

(<2.4 /)

(<2.4 /)

() BSS MSC.
:
>>
BTS.
:

FCCH:
BTS

SCH:


BTS

BCCH:

>>
.
:

RACH:

PCH:

47

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.

AGCH:

.

>> DCCH
.

(DCCH)

() ()

. D :

SDCCH:

: SDCCH

.

A :

FACCH:
24 26 ,

,
SACCH.

SACCH: ,
1 26
.

.


SACCH ,
BSS. 2 5
,
1.
1 ,
,
.

48

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

1.
1.

Sys_info 1

BCCH

Sys_info 2

BCCH

RACH.

Sys_info
2bis
(

BCCH

RACH.

, .
Sys_info 2
.
RACH.

2ter
(

BCCH



, .

, ,

RACH.

49

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2.GPRS BSS

GPRS BSS

________________________________________________________
GPRS BSS GPRS
:
>> .
>> .
>> GPRS.
>> GPRS.
>> GPRS.
>> GPRS.
________________________________________________________

50

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS
2.1
GSM

.

9.6 /c,
,
World Wide Web . ,
, ,
,
,
GSM.
,

(ETSI)


(PLMN):
, .

ETSI.

Alcotel

GPRS

2.1.1

,
, .

, ,
,
,

.

, ,
.
,
(time slot)
.

:

51

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS
1. PAD
.
- ( 2. PAD
header - footer ).
,

. .12
GPRS LLC.
3.

, .
4. , PAD
,
.

FCS

:

e/ SAPI
( ,
QoS, SMS.

-
4 :

SAPI=
(Service
Access Point Indicator)

FCS=
(
)

12.

52

LLC GPRS.

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS

X.25 . GPRS
,

, .
, ,

.

2.1.2

GPRS

! .

13. Alcatel GPRS (PLMN).


13
GSM
, .
Alcatel, BSS

BSS.
BSS.
:
>> GPRS
>> GPRS (Serving GPRS Support Node)
>> GPRS (Gateway GPRS Support Node)
>> BSS (Multi-BSS Fast
Pocket Server)

GPRS

GPRS:

>> A -
GPRS.
>> B IMSI GPRS,

( GPRS).

53

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS
>> IMSI GPRS,

GPRS .

A .B

GPRS
(SGSN)

SGSN GPRS
, MSC.
BSS BSS
Frame
Relay Gb.
SGSN
GPRS. GPRS
, ,
, ,
GSM .
GPRS,

GPRS.
SGSN.
SMS GPRS,
SGSN GPRS.
SGSN, ,


.

GPRS (GGSN)

GGSN SGSN
IP.
GPRS
.
BSS.

GPRS, ,
. , GGSN

.

, .
GGSN
,
GPRS. ,

.

54

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS
GGSN, ,


.

55

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS



BSS
(MFS)

MFS (Multi-BSS Fast packet Server)


TC/MSC.
BSS :
>> PCU
-

PAD



.

>> Gb.
MFS GPRS, 16 /-
BTS, Frame
Relay, SGSN Gb .
2.2.2 Gb .

MFS. MFS
BSC GPRS. BTS
, MFS
BSC
Ater ,
MFS.
Alcatel

MFS BSS:

>> BSCGP,
GPRS BSC MFS.
>>

GCH,


MFS BTS ( BTC).

56

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS

2.2 GPRS
GPRS ,

.
( TDMA,
),
PDCH
(Packet Data Channel).
2.2.1



PDCH:
>>
>>



.
-:
>> (PDTCH),

>>

(), .
PDTCH ,
PACCH PDCH,
PDTCH.
- ,
.

57

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS
2.2.2

(bust) - .. ,
,

.
, ,
,
.
, .

.

. , ,
, ,
.

.

.

, .
, ,
, MFS
PDCH.

PDCH
.
.
2.2.3


GPRS,
GSM, .
GSM BCCH, 1,
GPRS.

58

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS

2.3 GPRS
GPRS .
MFS SGSN, BTS BSC.
2.3.1

Gb
Gb Frame Relay
MFS, PCU SGSN.
:
>> MFS SGSN
>> Frame Relay
>> MSC
>> Ater TC MSC.
,
.
.
.13 Gb .

Gb

MFS SGSN
BSS-GPRS.
Gb 2.
2. Gb .

BSSGP-PDU BSS SGSN


PDU

l Frame
Relay



LLC-PDU BSS SGSN

GPRS

59

BSS-

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS

2.3.2

BSCGP
BSCGP BSC MFS (.
.13). BSC GPRS
LAPD ( ), 64 /c-
.
:

3 BSCGP

GPRS


( MFS BSC)
BSC MFS

( MFS BSC)
/ ( MFS BSC)
( BSC MFS)
:
GPRS

BSCGP
GPRS, Ater
.

2.3.3 GCH
GCH
MFS BTS, 16 /c-
. GCH BSC
(. .13). GCH :
>> PDU MFS BTS (
BSC,
GCH ).
>> GCH
.
>> Abis
BTS.

60

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS
2.4

GPRS
, , GSM
MFS:
>> L1-GCH, ,
(16 /).
>> L2-GCH, MFS BTS,
.
GCH BSC.
3.

2.5 GPRS
,
GPRS, ,
.
,
,

.
MAC
RLC


, ,
.
- MAC.
MAC (Medium Access Control) MFS
,
(RLC).
,
( )
PDU (Protocol Data Unit).

PDU MFS
, PDU,
PDCH
.
(Temporary Block
Flow).

.
PDCH
RLC/MAC PDU.

61

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS

,
,


.
2.5.1
,
.
,
, .
GPRS, LLC - PDU

(CRC).
,
LLC-PDU.
, (handover),
, GSM,
.
GPRS

.
:
1.
.
, PBCCH
,
GPRS.
,
, GPRS
, .

PBCCH,

, BCCH.
2.
,
; LLCPDU , .

62

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS

,
.


, SGSN. BSS

.

. .
4.8.
2.5.2.
(paging) ,
.

. MSC SGSN Gs
. ,

,
.
:
4.

. 1


SGSN MFS.

. 2

C
GPRS
PPCH CCCH PACCH. ,

.
PACCH
.
MSC
BSC, MFS.

. 3

63


, GPRS,
CCCH.
. ,
PCH.
PCH,
PDCH.

MSC BSC, MFS.

, GPRS,
CCCH.
PPCH ( ) CCCH .

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS


, GPRS
(GPRS routing Area-RA). RA
,
.
2.5.3

,


. GPRS
.

(BER) .
BSS ,
.

,
.

.

64

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS
2.6
,

, MFS SSC
.

.
MFS SSC
BSCGP.
GPRS
(PDGH). PDGH

.

(Temporary Block Flow request- TBF),
PDU PDGH.
14.
.
MS

BTS

BST

MFS
O&M
MAX_PDCH_PER_TBF

TBF
( SGSN)

MS

TBF

PDCH

BSC

PDCH

PDCH

14. PDCH
TBF.

65

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS

:
1. O&M
(MAX_PDCH_PER_TBF)
PDCH, TBF.
2. TBF .
3. TBF
( )
TBF (, ).
4. .1 3
:
>> , PDCH,
>> - BSC
PDCH .
5. TBF PDCH,
.4
6. SGSN



.
2.6.1 .
GPRS
.

, 9,
7 , .. 16
GPRS .

.

, .
, ,
2,
1.9 /c (13.4/7) 13.4 /c.
5
.

66

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS

5. .

MUX_UL_TBF_SPDCH


( ),
PDCH .

( ),
PDCH .
,
PDCH

,
GPRS .

MUX_DL_TBF_SPDCH
N_TBF_PER_PDCH

MUX_UL_TBF_SPDCH 5,


1.9 / 2.68 / (13.4/5).
PDCH ,

.
,

N_TBF_PER_PDCH
. ,
N_TBF_PER_PDCH =2 2,


6.7 /
(13.4/2). PDCH ,
N_TBF_PER_PDCH (2), PDCH
, ,
. , GPRS ,
PDCH , BSS
N_TBF_PER_PDCH
,
MUX_UL_TBF_SPDCH.

67

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS
2.6.2
(BER
bit error rate) , , .
,

,
GPRS. BSS

. GPRS

.
3.

2.6.3 C PCM

2048 /- PCM .
GPRS
MFS BSC.

AterMux
MFS
TC
MSF GPRS,
- MFS c BSC,
.

68

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS

2.7



PDCH, 2.7. PDCH
, 6.
6. PDCH.

(Empty)

(Active)

TBF/

(Busy)
(Full)

, , TBF
TBF ,
( O&M Parameter N_TBF_PER_PDCH)/
TBF , O&M
Parameter N_TBF_PER_PDCH.
(( O&M Parameter MAX_UL/DL_TBF_PDCH).
TBF ,
O&M Parameter MAX_UL/DL_TBF_PDCH.

BSC
O&M .

,

, :
1. PDCH ,
.
MAX_PDCH_HIGT_LOAD.
2. MFS PDCH,
, ,
.
3. , MFS
,
, PDCH.
MAX_PDCH_GROUP.


.14 BSC.

15.
, .

69

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS

PDCH


PDCH

MUX_PDCH_GROUP

3
MUX_PDCH_HIGH_LOAD

1
MIN_PDCH_GROUP


GPRS

BSC

BSC

BSC

15. GPRS.
2.7.1

PDCH GPRS,
PDCH

. GPRS
,
PDCH MFS BSC.
, BSC ,
,
, GPRS
.

70

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS
GPRS ,
MIN_PDCH_GROUP OMC-R
, PDCH
GPRS.
PDCH
GPRS
PDCH,
.
2.7.2
, SGSN BSS
.
, ,
SGSN BSS. BSS
BSSGP
SGSN, ,
, BSS.
, , :
BVC.

BSS SGSN ,

Gb.
,
.
,
.
,
, .


71

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS
2.8

GPRS

/,
/ -
.
2.8.1 GPRS
GPRS
SGSN GPRS
GPRS/IMSI. (
IMSI . 3.3.4).
SGAN,

SGAN GPRS.
16

72

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS

BTS

BSC

MFS

HLR

GPRS

GPRS

G GPRS

16.

GPRS.

1.
GPRS. :

SGSN __

>> (IMSI P_TMSI)


>> (RA)

>> ( GPRS
GPRS/IMSI).
>> .

73

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS
2. SGSN
,
HLR
(
GPRS/IMSI ,
MSC/VLR)
.
3. HLR
SGSN .
4. SGSN P_TMSI.
5. P_TMSI
.
GPRS -


.
2.8.2


GPRS -

.

,
SGSN GGSN.
,
.
GGSN
(standby) (ready)
.
17.

74

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS

BTS

BSC

MFS

GGSN

PDP

PDP

PDP

PDP

17. .

1, SGSN .
:
>> ()
>>
>>
>> -
>>
>> .
2.

SGSN ,
(TID

GGSN) GGSN
.

75

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS


GGSN

3.

GGSN ,
SGSN,
.

4.

GGSN SGSN
( billing).


GGSN 18.

BTS

BSC

MFS

HLR

GGSN

POP PDU

PDP


PDU

PDP

18. GGSN.
1. GGSN , HLR
.
2. HLR GGSN
IP SGSN

76

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS
3. GGSN GGSN __PDU,
,
.
4. SGSN
GGSN
PDU

___ _.

.
5.
, .
2.8.3

19.

BSS

SGSN

TBF
.
RLC/ PDU

RLC PDU
/ .

LLC PDU

RLC PDU
/ .

19. .

:

77

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS
1.
( PRACG,
PDCH, RACH).
2.
.
3.
(PDU) (Radio Link Control Protocol Data
Units).
4.
.

5.


SGSN.
6.

20

BSS

SGSN
Stand By

PPCH PCH

TBF
.

LLC PDU
.
LLC PDU

TBF
.
LLC PDU
.

20. .

78

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS


:
1.SGSN PDU

BSS .
2. BSS
PPCH,
PDCH, PCH.
3. BSS UL TBF
( ).
4. UL TBF,

PDU (LLC PDU)
SGSN
.
5. SGSN LLC PDU BSS.
6. BSS TBF
LLC PDU

LLC PDU.
2.8.4
-

-
GPRS
- .
21

79

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS

BTS

BSC

MFS

SGSN

GGSN

PDP

-
PDP

- PDP


PDP

21. -
.
1. SGSN _-_
_ _ _ .
2. SGSN

GGSN

___ _ _ .
TID.
3. GGSN
SGSN
_
__ _- TID.
4. SGSN -_
___,

-.
-
SGNS

-
22.

80

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS

BTS

BSC

MFS

SGSN

GGSN

PDP

SGSN

-
PDP

PDP
- PDP

- PDP


PDP


PDP

- PDP

22. - .

1.

SGSN GGSN
__ _
TID.

_
.

2. GGSN -
SGSN
_
__ _- .

81

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS
3. SGSN -_
___.
4.
-

_ _ _ _ .

-
GGNS

1.
GGSN

GGSN

_
__ _ _ .
TID.
2. SGSN -_
___.
3.
-

_ _ _ _ .
5. SGSN

GGSN
__ _
.

_
_ ,

2.8.5 GPRS
,
GPRS. ,
,
:
>> (Ready)
.
>> .
>>
.

23.

82

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS

BTS

BSC

MFS

GGSN


PDP

GPRS

23. GPRS .

1 SGSN
_GPRS_. :
>> (GPRS GPRS/IMSI)
>> ,

2.SGSN GGSN -

_.

83

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS

GPRS
24.

BTS

BSC

MFS

GPRS

HLR

GGSN

PDP

PDP

24.

GPRS .

GPRS SGSN,
HLR.
SGSN
. :

1.SGSN _,
.
,

.
2. SGSN

GGSN -
.
SGSN _.
HLR :

84

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

2. GPRS BSS
1. HLR
SGSN

(Cancel_Location),
.

__

2. SGSN
HLR.

85

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

3.
,
NSS .
, .
.

:
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>

86

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

3.1

NSS. NSS
.
.
GSM.
;
3.2.3.

7 :
7. .

,
,
.
;

. 7
.
, SMS SS,
.

.
,
,
.
,
.
.

, , SDCCH
(
1.6.6).
FACCH/SACCH. SDCCH ,
.
BSS
,
MSC.

87

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

8 :
8. .

(
) ,
.
attoch_detach_allowed ,
IMSI_detach
. . 3.3.4.


BSS .
A-, SCCP
BSC MSC.

BSC.

/ .


( )
.

3.2
3.3.

3.2
, ,
, / ,

.

.
.

88

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.
3.2.1


,
:
>>
BSS .
>>
.



:
>> BSS SDCCH.
>> BSS MSC SCCP
,
, ().
25
.


_ (Channel_request) REF.
REF RAND (
). RACH.
RACH CCCH,
.
REF :
>> .
>> .
>> .
>> .
>> .
>>
>> (SMS ).
,
_.

, BSS. BSS
AGCH,

89

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.
.
, AGCH

,
.

90

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

MS
rn
fn
TA
cm
ID

SDCCH

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

UA







, BTS
SDCCH
3,
MS
Un-

25.
.

91

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.


_ , .
,

, :
>>
.
>>
. ,
.
_,
BTS _ BSC.
,
,
BTS.

SDCCH

,
(Immediate Assignment Extended)
.

, , , BSC
_. BSC
SDCCH, .
BSC SDCCH ,
SDCCH.

BSC

BTS

_
(channel_activation).
BSC

BTS,
, BTS .
_ :
>> SDCCH.
>> .
>> BTS.

BTS
.
BTS
LAPDm,

SDCCH. BTS

92

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.
__
BSC. BSC .

,
SDCCH.
26
.

.
MS

BSC

BTS

TA+SDCCH+

MSC

SDCCH

TA
=
= , BTS
SDCCH
= SDCCH
26. SDCCH.

BSC

__,
, _.

, BSC.
BTS
SDCCH. BSC

27
.

93

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

BTS

MS

(AGCH)

BS

MS

TA+SDCCH+
+
REF+RFN

REF+RFN +
TA+SDCCH

REF
REN
TA
SDCCH

=
=
=
= SDCCH

27.
.

BTS

_
AGCH.

_.

_,
SDCCH
,
_.

SDCCH, ,

.
:
>> .
>>
.

94

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.
>>
RACH Abis.
>> - .
, ,

__
(immediate_Assignment_reject ) :
>> BSC EN_IM_ASS_REJ true
(). BSC ,
, OMC-R.
>> SDCCH .
>> BSC _ BST
:
>>
>>
>>

>>
>> .

__
(immediate_Assignment_reject)
___

(immediate_Assignment_reject_command).

,
;

channel_required.
.
immediate_Assignment_reject_command
,

, ,
.


, ..
.

,
_ ,

95

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

_,
. BSC
,
_ , ,
SDCCH ,

AGCH.
_
AGCH, BTS

__
(Immediate Assigning Extended),

_:
>>

_ (.. )
>>

_,


,
(Mobile Allocation). ( Mobile
Allocation . 4.3.1).

AGCH
_,
(
),

_.

2, SDCCH,
LAPDm,
( Set Asynchronous
Balance Mode -SABM).

LAPD.

96

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.
LAPDm BTS.
3.

LAPDm
3 . BTS
. BTS
,
3. ,
, BTS
.

28
.

MS
cm

=
=
=

UA



3,

Un-

28. .
, 3
:
>> (IE), :


).

).

( ).

97

(/,

SMS,

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

IMSI (
. 3.2.4
).

>>
3.7).

>>
(
3.6).
,

.

BTS

BSC

_ (establish_indication), ,
MS . BSC ,
SCCP
MSC.

SCCP

BSC MSC SCCP__


(DCCP_connection_request).
MSC

__SCCP (SCCH_connection_comform).

.
MS MSC.

3.2.2

IE ( ) ,
,
.
. MSC
, ,
.
3.6.

:
>> .

98

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.
>> ,
(Ki)
SIM .
>> (RAND)
.
3.7.

3.2.3

, ,
. MSC , BSS
SDCCH,
. 3.8.


29
.
,
,
.
,
(setup).

.
BSS.
, ,
( )
.
4.2.
MSC _ (call_proceeding)
. ,

.

99

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

MS
cm

DTX

=
=
=
=
=

29. .

100

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

MSC
_ (assignment_request)
BSC.
BSC ,
(
).
, BSC,
.
_ ,
, ,
, , ,
. BSC

,
BTS .

BSC

_, _.
,
.

BSC ,
, .
,

BSC.
BSC

_ (assignment_request) .

:
>>
>>
>> (handover)
>> (handover)
>>
>>
>> .
( MS,
) .
BSC ,
(1 = , 5 = ).

101

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.
BTS.
BSC
__. BSC
,
.
,
.

, BSC
.
, BSC _
MSC, .

BSC
__
(Physical_context_request) BTS,
,
SDCCH. BTS
__,
.
,
.
30
.

102

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

MS

DTX

=
=
=
=

30. .
BSC

_
(channel_activation) BTS. :
>>
>> .
>> ( ,
SDCCH).
>> (Discontinuous Transmission
indicator - DTX) ( )
(
4.4.1).
>> ,
4.5).

>> , BTS.
BSC BTS, ,
.

103

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.
BTS ,
,

SACCH,
(
).

BTS

__ BSC. BSC

_ (assignment _command) SDCCH.

.

_,

LAPDm SDCCH.
31
.

31. .

(
SABM
FACCH) LAPDm . BTS
_ BSC.

. BTS 2
.
_ (assignment_complete) BSC.

104

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.
BSC _,

Abis A. BSC
_,

_ MSC
SDCCH ( 4).

(
), MSC
c (alerting).
.
, MSC
(Connect).
_.
.
32
.

BTS

BSC

SDCCH
3

MSC

32. .

(Off Air Call Set-Up - OACSU) BSS


,
.


. MSC.

105

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.
, , c
(alerting), MSC
_ (call_proceeding). MSC

_
(assignment_request)

_
(assignment_complete) 3 MSC
BSC .
OACSU,

( )

.
c
( SDCCH SDCCH)
(handover), BSS
MSC.

106

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

3.3
NSS ,
NSS ,
NSS .

, .
,
. 33

.
3.3.1

, BSS ,
.
MSC.

BSC,

_
(panging)
,
.

:
>>

).

(TMSI

IMSI

>> , ,
.
.
MSC

___ (paging_response)
.
BSC _ , ,


.
BSC __
BTS, TMSI IMSI,
.

107

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.
BTS
__ (paging_request)
().
,
.
,
_ RACH
BTS, ,
__.
BSS
, 3.2.

MS SABM, ,
.

3.4.

BTS


(PCH)
TMS/TMSI


(RACH)

BSC

SDCCH

TMS/TMSI
+

MSC


TMSI/IMSI+

33.
.

3.3.2



,
(

108

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.
3.2.2).
3.6,

3.7,
3.8.
3.3.3



MSC.
34.
MSC
(Set_up) 3 ,
, . MSC
.
.
,
_,
,
.
BSS (
) . 3.2.3.


MSC. ,

MSC.
MSC

_ .
3
BSS.

109

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

BSC

BTS

3 CC

3 CC

MSC

3 CC

3 CC
3 CC

3 CC

3 CC

3 CC

3 CC

34. .

(Off Air Call Set-Up - OACSU),


,
,
(, ).

, ,
.

3.3.4 / IMSI
/ IMSI ,
, , , MSC

110

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.



.
,
, , MSC ,

__. BSS
PCH.
/ IMSI

BSS
__
(attach_detach_allowed).
,
BSS

,
/ IMSI.

, .


__ ,
OMC-R Configuration Management Service.
/ IMSI
MSC.
MSC.

111

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

3.4
,
. ,

,
, .

_ (service_request) ,

.
.
AGCH .
,
.

,
, IMSI.

.
.

.
, BCCH (sys_info_3).
AGCH _

AGCH
BS_AG_BLKS_RES. 0,
_ .
35 TDMA ,
AGCH, .

BS_AG_BLKS_RES = 3.
TDMA

CCCH0

CCCH1

CCCH2

AGCH

CCCH4

CCCH5

CCCH6

CCCH7

CCCH8

CCCH8

PCH

35. , AGCH

112

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.
35 BS_AG_BLKS_RES
. TDMA,
, AGCH .


()
TDMA.
, BS_PA_MFRMS,
36.

TDMA

AGCH

AGCH

AGCH

PGR0

PGR1

PGR2

PGR3

PGR4

PGR5

PGR10

PGR11

PGR16

PGR17

PGR22

PGR23

TDMA

AGCH

AGCH

AGCH

PGR6

PGR7

PGR8

PGR9

TDMA

AGCH

AGCH

AGCH

PGR12

PGR13

PGR14

PGR15

TDMA

AGCH

AGCH

AGCH

PGR18

PGR19

PGR20

PGR21

24 PCH.

BS PA MFRMS =4
36. TDMA, 24
.

113

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

MSC ,

.
MSC _ ()
BSC

___ ,
__
.
_ MSC
IE , ,
_.
BSC
__
BTS. 9
,
BSC.
9.

IE


BSC.

BSC.

BSC.

.


.

IE
IE
IE
()
IE
()

BSC
.
_ BTS,
,

(IMSI/TMSI).
BTS ____
.
, BTS
. 10

114

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.
,
(ID)
.
10.
.

_1,

IMSI TMSI ( 1 )
IMSI, IMSI TMSI, TMSI IMSI (
)
TMSI, TMSI, TMSI
TMSI, TMSI, IMSI
TMSI, TMSI, TMSI TMSI

_2,
MS
_3,
MS


,
. ,

IMSI, TMSI.
__
.

__ .

__,
_
. _
,
_ _
_ . 37.

115

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

BSC

BTS

MSC

+CCCH+

+
IE

TMSI/IMSI

3 CC



REF+REN+TA
SABM

( )

Rn
fn

=
=
=

37. .
3.4.1

,
.
(DRX)
/ 98
2.
, DRX

CCCH
(PCH),
PCH,
. PCH

116

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

,
.

117

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

3.5

_, BSS
. ,
BSC
. , MSC
.
3.5.1




.

.

.
,

, :
>> MSC.
MSC ,

.
>> BSC.
BTS ,
BSC. BTS
/
OMC-R. BTS_Q_LENGTH 0
.
MSC, BSC
, MSC
_.

3.5.2


,
,
. :
>> ,
BTS,

118

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

O&M
(

BTS_Q_LENGTH
).
1 64.
BTS.
>> 64
BSS. BTS
64.
,
,
.
,
,
,
.
, BSC MSC
_.
, .

, .
, ,
:
>> .
>> .

,

. . MSC
_.
MSC .
BSC ,

.
BSC
,

. SDCCH

.
, BSC
,

119

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.
.

. ,
. (SDCCH ->
). ,
.
,
(
).
MSC
_.
,
.
MSC _,
,
.


.

, .
MSC _
,
.

,
.

MSC

_. ,
.

120

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

3.6

.
BSS, ,
, :
>> (handover)
>>
>>
>>
>>

. ,
,
,.
,
. 11.
11. .

BSS

BSC,
,



BSC
MSC.
BSS

BSS.

MSC

3.6.1

BSS
MSC, .
MSC.

IE
Alcatel 900/1800 BSS IE ( )
1 IE, 2 IE 3 IE.
1 IE BSS,
.

121

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

1 IE :
>>
>>
>> A5/1

2 IE
GSM
2 , ,
A5/2. ,
1 IE A5/2.
3 IE GSM
.


.
MS
1 ( 1), 2 ( 2).

1
2. ,
1.

.

Alcatel 900:
>> 1 = 20
>> 2 = 8
>> 3 = 5
>> 4 = 2
>> 5 = 0.8
Alcatel 1800:
>> 1 = 1
>> 2 = 0.25
,
.
,
, .

122

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

A5/1

A5/2

, ,
5/1. 5/1
,
.
,
5/2. 5/2
, BSS MSC
.

A5/2

,
5/2. 5/2
,


BCC MSC

1 2 MSC
BSS .
, , BSS MSC

,
1.
.
3, BSS MSC

,
1.
. (. . . 1 ,
)

3.6.2
BSS MSC
, ,
.
, , ,
. ,
:
>> ,
__ (lassmarck_change) BSC,

__
(lassmarck_update) MSC.
>> BSC,
___ (lassmarck_enquery)
BTS.

__.

123

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.
>>MSC, _ _
BSC. BSC

___,

__.
__
BTS BSC. BSC

MSC. ,
. Alcatel
900/1800
BSS

BSC
(:

BSS_SEND_CM_ENQUIRY),
.

12

.
12. .

__
BSC.
BSC ,

.
BSC

5/1

. 1. IE

1
2


1,
.
_RR.
BSS MSC.
3.6.3

1 2,

BSC MSC. BSS
1
, . ,
LAPDm,
38.

124

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

BSC

BTS

MSC


(RACH)

SDCCH

SABM+rn+fn+cm

3 CC

SCCP
FACCH/SAC
+TA+sys
info 5 & 6

SCCP

.
2IE

(SDCCH)

Cm =

38. .


_
RACH.
BSS
3.2.

125

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.
LAPDm
1
IE.
BTS

_
BSC,
1 IE.
BSC BTS
,
.
SCCP MSC.

BSC

__SCCP,
___.

__, 2 IE.

MSC

__.
1,
_RR (RR_status), BSS.
BSS ,
1 IE.
MSC ,
,
.
3.8.
, MSC
.

126

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

3.7

IMSI/TMSI

,
(IMSI, TMSI) IMEI ().

.
Ki
RAND,
.
,
IMSI,
__. NSS
, VLR
TMSI
.
,
TMSI .
,

(LAI). VLR VLR
(IMSI Ki). VLR
TMSI. 39.

TMSI

VLR .
, TMSI
.

127

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

39. LAI
VLR.

NSS.
_
.
:
>> .
>> .
Ki, IMSI
TMSI, RAND.
, RAND Ki,
TMSI IMSI.
,
:
>> TMSI, .
>> IMSI, TMSI .

128

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.
,
:
>> TMSI, .
>> IMSI, TMSI .
>> IMEI, TMSI, IMSI.
, SIM.

_, NSS
() .
, ,
TMSI IMSI:
>> TMSI,
. IMSI.

>> IMSI, IMSI,


TMSI,
.
>> IMSI ,
_.

129

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

3.8
Alcatel 900/1800 BSS
, . :
>> , , IMSI.
>> .
>> SMS SS.
>> , ,
.
.
,

BTS. :
>> , 5/1.
>> , 5/2.
>> .
GSM .
,
BTS
.

,
1, 1
2. 13
.
13. .

1
1
2

5/1
, 5/1,
5/2

5/1
5/1
5/1
5/2

2

, , (handover).

130

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.


BSS .

BSS

Alcatel 900/1800 BSS


,
.

:
>> .
>> 5/1,
>> 5/2.

,
.

,
.

3.8.1

.
,
; .
, ,
5/1 5/2,
.
,
.
(HLR), BSC
. ,
.
HLR, BSC
. , :
>>
Ki, IMSI,
.
>> RAND, MSC
.

131

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.


BTS.

3.8.2

, BSC ,
:
>> , .

_ MSC
.
>> .
BSC
.
>>
.

BTS,


BTS
, BSC .

MSC
_ (cipher_mode) BSC.
_
(permitted_algorithms).
BSC

BTS.
, BSC _
BTS,
.
, BSC _
BTS, .

BTS MS MSC
, BSC
MSC __.
BTS SDCCH
_,
. ,
BTS
.

132

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.
:
>> BTS
2.
BTS
, .
>>

BTS
2.

BTS
__,

BSC.
BSC

__ MSC.
40.

40. .

133

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

3.

2
.
2, 5/1, ,
5/2 , BSC
BTS
.
1, 5/1,
,
5/1, 1
.
, ,
_ MSC
1 ,
.

134

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

4.


.
:
>>
>> .
>>
>>
>>
>> (handover)
>> .
>> .

135

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

4.1

, , BSS
:
>>
.

>>
,
.
,
,
.
( )


.

(Call Handling function).
,
:
>> .
>>
>>
>>
>> (handover)
>> .
>> .

136

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

4.2

. ,
,
.
:
>>
.

>>
.

>> .
>> .
>>
3.
>>
3.
>>
3.
>>
3.
, ,

. set_up
(), 3.


,
(
).


:
>>
.

>>
MSC.
.
.

137

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.


.

.
, , ,
.
4.2.1
.


.


- ,

.

modify () 3 (
) MSC, .

,

.
.
MSC modify. MSC
,

assignment_request (_)
. (
).
BSS

( 3) :
>>

BSC

assignment_request, .
, ,
().
SCCP,
assignment_request.
>> channel_activation (_)
channel_acctivation_acnowledge __
)

mode_modify

138

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

mode_modify_acnowledge
(_)
(_ ).

MSC

assignment_complete
(_) BSC,
modify_complete (_) 3
. ,

.
4.2.2 3

3

.
:
>> 9600 /
>> 4800 /
>> 2400 /
>> 1200 /.
Alcatel 900/1800 BSS , ,
. BSS
3 :
>> .
>> .

,
BSS
. ,

. (RLP) BTS

. BSS
.

BSS

BSS.
3 MSC
, . MSC
,
assignment_request (_).

,

139

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.
MSC __
3. - ,

3 . MSC
assignment_complete
(_),

.
4.2.3


Alcatel 900/1800 BSS
. ,
, BSS
, .

,
__ BSC, ,
, . BSC
BTS,
. BTS ,
, .

140

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

4.3
(Frequency Hopping - FH)



.
FH , .
(.. )

+/- 45 .
BSS-
, :
>>
>> .



. , , ,
,
.
.
,
,
. ,
(burst) .
FH
.
, ,
.
,
.

-
.
,
; ,
.
,

141

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

.

4.3.1
:
>> .
>> .

( Mobile Allocation MA) -


, .
,
.
, ,
, :
>> .
>> FHS. FHS , MA
FH.
>> MAIO. MAIO
FHS. MAIO
,
.
>> HSN. HSN ,

FHS .
63 HSN,
, . HSN 0,
,
.
FH 41. HSH=0,
. HSN
, 3

142

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.
, ,
HSN.

FHS, HSN=0
n

TCH1:
MAIO =0
HSN=0

n+1

n+2

n+3

f1

f2

f3

f1

TCH2 TS2
MAIO =1

f2

f3

f1

f2

TCH3 TS3
MAIO =2

f3

f1

f2

f3

TCH1 TS1
MAIO =0

f =

41. FHS.

(FH)
FH, .

, ,

(Carrier UnitTRE).
/TRE TDMA
HSN, .
,
,
, -
.
,
FHS ,
. ,
,
.

143

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.
, FH ( )
0 FH.
, BCCH,
,
.
4.4

VAD
.
, ,

, .


.

FH,

4.4.1
:
>>
>> .

, .

. ,
, - .
.
( ),
480 20
. , :
>>
>>
1 24
,
.

.

144

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.
,
.


,

_ (silent_indication).

SID. SID
. :
>> , .
>> .
, ;
.
>>
.
,
.

VAD

VAD (Voice Activity Detection)


, ,
. VAD TC. VAD
, .
, VAD

SID (.. ).

4.4.2 BSS


MSC OMC-R.
MSC BSC
.

_

_
(assignment_request handover_ request )
.

145

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.
OMC-R


_ _.
; CMISE

M___
(M_LOCAL_PARAM_MODIFY).
14.
14.


_.

OMC-R
_

_
(
BSC)

MSC
_

_.
(
)

True

True

False

False

MSC
;

.

BTS TC

.
BSS
TC. BTS
FU :
1. TC ,

FU

.
.

146

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.
2. 20 FU SID,
.
3. (..
) Fu SID.
4. SID
480 20 .
, .
:
>> BCCH,
BCCH
.
>> .

4.4.3

BTS

_
(measurement_results)
BSC ,
. BSC


(handover)

BSS
OMC-R ,

BSS.
_ (sys_info 3 sys_info 6
). 15
.

147

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

15. .


.
,

.
1 24 ,
.

OMC-R , ,
,

.

,
, VAD
.
.
, BTS

,
.

148

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

DTX

DTX

DTX


42. .

149

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

4.5
(Radio Power Control RPC) (handover)
.
BTS
.
BTS
BTC
(. 4.6.1). RPC

.
:
>>
.
>>
,
.
,
BTS :
>>

>>
,
.

4.5.1 BTS

BST. SACCH
BTS _
(measurement_report),

,
BTS BSC
_ ( measurement_results).

150

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.
BSC BTS,
, .


BTS,
.

4.5.2
BTS
.
_
BSC
_. BSC
.


,
.


(SACCH).
4.5.3 .

,


.
,
,

. 16
, .
16. .


, .

151

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

BER. BER

.


(Time of Arrival - TOA) BST


. TOA ,
.
(3.69 )
550 .


.
(Reporting Period).
104 TDMA (480
). SACCH.

4.5.4
BSC :
>> (
).
>> ( )
>> (
)
BSC
:
>>
, .
>> ,
.
>> (handover)
. 4.6.2 .

152

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.
>>
/ .

43 ,
. 44


.

BSC

BTS



. BTS

BTS

TX

BTS

TX
BTS
BSC

43. .

153

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.
.
, , 0 63 (
63 ) 7 0 (
7 ).

44.


(RXLEV)

4.5.5
BSC BTS .
BTS
.
2 30 . BSC


BTS
__BS (BS_power_control).

2 .
17
.

154

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.
17. .

.
GSM 900/1800

GSM 900
1

43 (20 )

13

GSM 1800
1

30 (1 )

10

GSM 900
2

39 (8 )

13

GSM 1800
2

30 (1 )


: (
)
.

. , 20



5 ,
.
1 1 ,
,
5 .
BSC BTS

BS_power_control (__).
BST,
SACCH BS_power_command.

. 2 60 .,
.

155

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

4.6

.
. :
>>
>>
>> .
-

.
, BSS ,

.
- , ,
.
,
, .
BSS :
>> ,
BTS .
>> , ,

.
>>
.
BSS , ,

. :
>>

, .

>>

>> ,
.

156

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

,
BSC.
.
4.6.3.
,
BSC.
MSC
MSC.

4.6.3.

.

.

3.5.

(Directed Retry).

, ,
.
:
>>

, BSC.
>>

BSC.


BSC.

4.6.1


BTS :
>>
.

>>
.

157

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.
>>
.
>>
.
>> BCCH
(
sys_info 5
SACCH).
BTS

report_measurement
(_)
3 SACCH.
MS BTS BSC
Results_measurement (_) 3RR.

BSC. BSC
:
>> BTS MS.
>> .
>> .
>> .
>> .

BTS
4.5.4. -
,
.

BSC ,
.
4.6.2.

,
, BSC

.
.

158

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

BSC,

BCCH ,
. ,
, .


;
. , BSC
,
,
.


.

4.6.2


, BSC
, ,
.

,
( 4.6.3
).

BSC

,
.
BSC,
BSC.

,

BSC

:
>> .
>> .
>> ( Power Budget)).
>> .
>> .
>> .

159

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.
4.6.2.1 -

,
. ,
.
:
>>
.
>>
.
>>
.

>>
(
).
>>
(
).
>>
SACCH ( ).
>>
(
).
7.5.2

7.2.

, BSC BTS
,
/. 4.5.4.
45
. ,
.

,
/.

BSC

160

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

45. - .

-
,
, .
,
, BSC
, .
(
), ,
, .
,

. ,

.

161

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

-
,
.
, , BSC
,

,

. ,
.

-
, ,
.
,
.

4.6.2.2

,
. ,
.
,
, .

( SACCH

).

46.
,

( ).

162

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

46 .

4.6.2.3

, ,
BTS
. BSC
, ,
, ,
. 47.

(Power Budget),
(PBGT)
.

( SACCH)
PBGT,
.
:
>>
.

>> (
).

163

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

164

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

165

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.


BSS 1 BSS 2

47. ( ).
4.6.2.4 -
,
BTS
. ,

BTS
BTS.
48.
,
BTS, -
.
,

166

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.
,
.
- ,
. - ,
,
, .

.

48. - .
4.6.2.5 -
,
(),

.


.

167

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

.

,
,
.

,
.


.

,
.
:
>> .
>>

.
>> ,
.
,
,
.

.
,
.
,
, ,
.
,

.
49
.

168

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

49. -
.
4.6.2.6
:
>> .
>>
.

(, GSM 900)
(, GSM 1800).
.
(GSM 1800)
.
- ,
, .

169

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.
, ,
.

- .
(
)
.
,
,

.
-
.

:
>>
.
>>
.
>>
.

,
, GSM,
DCS.

(PBGT-)
EN_MULTIBAND_PBGT_HO .
>> EN_MULTIBAND_PBGT_HO
TRUE PBGT-
.
>> EN_MULTIBAND_PBGT_HO
FALSE PBGT-
.
,
PBGT-.

170

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

4.6.3


BSC. BSC
,
.
.

: ORDER GRADE.

.
BSC
. BSC,
BSC .
BSC, BSC
handover_request (_)
MSC.

, ,

.
:
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>> HO_MARGIN
>> BTS
>> .

HO_MARGIN

O&M,
. ,

. , -
,
. ,

, .

171

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.
, .

HO_MARGIN

,
.
O&M,

, BSC.

OMC-R .

( 3.6)
BTS ( 3.8).
, ,
, .

,
.

.
. BSC.

:
(_BSS)

,
,
BSC,
_BSS (intra_BSS).
BSC. ,
MSC.

:
(_ BSS):
_MSC


BSC, BSC
MSC, _
BSS _MSC (interBSS intraMSC).
MSC.

(_ BSS):
_MSC


BSC BSC
MSC,
_BSS _MSC (interBSS interMSC).
MSC.

172

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.
, BSC,
.
,

MSC,
.
4.6.4

. ,

. , :
>>
.
>> BTS
.
BTS
BTS .
,
.

,
.
,

.
4.6.4.1

.
,

50,

,
BTS
.

BTS
.
BTS
mesurement_report (__). BTS

BTS BSC mesurement_results
(_).

173

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

BSC
, .
BSC .
( )
, BSC, BTS
,
. , BSC
.
BSC

physical_contex_request
(t__)

BTS,

.
BTS.

BTS
physical_contex_confirm
).

(__

BSC ,
channel_activation (_)
BTS, :
>> .
>>
.
>> .
>> (DTX) (
) ( 4.4.1).
>> .
>> BTS.
BTS .

channel_activation_acnowledment
(_
_) BSC.
BSC , BTS
. BTS
SACCH/FACCH, ,
BTS,
sys_info 5 sys_info 6.
.

174

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

BSC

handover_command
(_) BTS
. :
>> .
>> .
>>
.

>> .
>> , .
>> (
2
).

BTS
BTS SACCH
.
.
BTS (
). BTS

handover_detection
(_)

BSC.


.
, BSC
physical_information (_)
FACCH, .
(
). (SABM),
,

handover_command
(_), FACCH.
BTS ,

establish_indication (_) BSC.
BSC , .
BSC BTS
.

175

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.
,
handover_complete (_
) BSC.
.
BSC MSC
handover_performed (_)
.

176

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

50. .

177

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

4.6.4.2

. ,
51,
,
BTS.

BTS
.
BTS
mesurement_report (__). BTS

BTS BSC mesurement_results
(_).

BSC
, .
BSC .
, BSC
handover_request (_)
MSC, - . BSC
,
. BSC
, ,
MSC handover_requesr_reject
(__).
MSC .
handover_requesr (_)
BSC, ,
.
:
>> .
>> .
>>
>> .

178

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.
>> .
>> DTX .
>> .

BSC
channel_activation (_).
BTS
SACCH/FACCH
channel_activation_acknowledgment
(__)
BSC.

BSC .

MSC

__.

:
>> .
>> .
>> .
>> (
2
).
MSC

handover_command
(_) BSC.

BSC

BTS.
BTS,
FCCH (SCH). ,
SACCH

physical_information (_)
FACCH BSC.
BTS ,
.
BSC
handover_detect (_).

179

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.
BSC MSC

Abis .

_,
, ,
_.
BTS

BSC

establish_indication (_).
, BSC
handover_complete (_)
FACCH .
BSC MSC ,
.
MSC

BSC.

180

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

BTS

.
BTS

BSC

.
BSC

MSC

(SACCH)

_
_

_
OH .
OH
_

+
+
+ ID
+DTX +

SACCH/FACCH

._
+
_
.
_
+
ch++ HO
+

.BTS

(FCCH+SCCH)

(FACCH)

(SACCH)

(FACCH)

.
(FACCH)

51. .

181

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

4.7
BSS
,
MSC.
BTS BSC .
, , BSS

:
1. .
2. BSS
.

4.7.1

MSC
. MSC
BSS.

BTS
(Frame Unit-FU) BTS (
TRE BTS A9100)
. FU TRE ,
. BTS
, , .
, BTS
.
BTS , BTS
BSC,
.

BTS ( ).

BTS

BTS FU TRE

(SCP) FU TRE
.
,
.
, .
. , BTS
. , BTS
BSC.

182

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

BTS

4.7.2

BTS,
SCP,
, , _,

BSC
BSC , :
>> TCU ( )
Abis.

>> DTC (
.


BSC ( ).

BSC

BSC

BTS,

. BSC
, BTS,
,
, . BSC
, ,
.

.
BSC
.
BSC
.
.
:
>> TCU.
TCU

_ BTS.
,
.

, .
>> DTC.
DTC ,
BSC .
,

183

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.
SCCP. , DTC
MSC.
>> BSC .
BSC BSS.

BSS . BSC

,
BTS TCU, , DTC
MSC .

BSC
BTS, MSC
,
. BSC ,
( 1 4).
BCCH.
channel_reques
(_ ) RACH.
, BSC

RACH
..
BTS ,
OMC-R
:
>> AUT_BAR /
,

.
>> EC_BAR /
.
>> EN_BSS_OVRL_CLASS_BARR / BSC BTS
BSC.
,

OMC-R.

184

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

4.

4.8

BTS
BSC, .
BTS
BSC
, . , BSC

.




( ),
.
.
,
.

,

RACH

immediate_assignment
(_).

cm re-establishment request.

,
3.2.

,
sys_info 1 - sys_info 4.
.
,

,

.
MSC cm re-establishment request
(

,
),


.

185

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.

5.



,
.
, :
>>
>>
>> BSC.
>> BTS.
>> .

TC
,

.

186

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.

5.1

, ,
, .
, :
>>
;
>> ;
>> (handover)
;
>>
;

>> , , ;
>> ;
>> ;
>> LAPDm.
,

, ,
.

:
>> .
>> Abis.
>> .
>> MSC:

3 .

SS7 .

1 .

>> BSC:

3 , Abis .

SS7 2 LAPD
Abis.

187

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.

1
LAPD Abis.

>> BTS:

3 , Abis .

LAPD 2 Abis LAPDm


.

1 A Abis

>> :

3 .

LAPDm 2 .

1 .

188

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.

5.2
, ,
.
:
>>
(
).
>>


MSC, BSC, BTS .
5.2.1


, (Call Menadgement),
.
, MSC ,
,
MSC, .
BSS 3
MSC, 52.

52. .

189

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.

MSC ,
,
BSC.
:
>> ( ).
>> SCCP.
BSC MSC

BTS .
.

LAPDm ( disc), BSC
, .

53.

MSC

BSC

BTC

Clear command. MIE,



Channel release.

TC

Disc (

LAPDm)

Deactivation
SACCH


..
( SCCP)
Clear complete.

(
)

SCCP release.

Release
indication.
US.

Phisical context
request

SCCP release
complete.

Phisical context
request ack
RF channel
release

RF channel
release ack

53. .

190

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.

MSC

MSC
. MSC
:
>> C disconnection () 3
(. 52)
>> C disconnection ()
, ;

>> ( , SMS
).
MSC
,
, , SCCP,
, .
MSC
clear_command (_) BSC.
(MIE)
().
BSC ,
.
MSC
clear_complete (_).
54.

MSC

BSC

BTC

Clear command. MIE,



Channel release.
Deactivation
SACCH


..
( SCCP)
Clear complete.

(
)
SCCP release.

SCCP release
complete.

54.

MSC.

BSC Abis
. ,

191

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.

SCCP.

MSC

_ BSC,
MSC ,

SCCP,

SCCP_reeased
(SCCP_) BSC.
BSC
SCCP_reeased_complete
(_SCCP_).
SCCP
.
BSC
SCCP_, BSC
SCCP.

BSC/BBTS/


/ BTS :
>> , .
>> .
BSC
:
>> channel_release
BTS/

(_ )

>> deactivation_SACCH ( _ SACCH)


BTS.
channel_release
disc BTS
LAPDm. , BTS
ua, BSC

release_indication
(_).
BSC. BSC

, :
>>

>>
BSC

release_indication

BTS

deactivation_SACCH
( _ SACCH),
SACCH
TC.

192

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.
TC BSC, TC
.
55.

MSC

BSC

BTC

Clear command. MIE,



Channel release.

TC

Disc (

LAPDm)

Deactivation
SACCH

(
)
Release
indication.

US.


..
( SCCP)
Clear complete.

SCCP release.

SCCP release
complete.

55. BSC/BTS/
.
BSC , ,


BTS.

,
(
).
, BSC BTS
physical_context (_ )
. BTS
,
physical_context_confirm
(

193

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.
),
.

physical_context_confirm ,

,
BSC

RF_channel_release (_)
. BTS 1
2
RR_channel_release_ack(__).
BSC
. 56.

BSC

BTC

MSC

Release
indication.
US.

Phisical context
request

Phisical context
request ack
RF channel
release

RF channel
release ack

56.


, BSC

RF_channel_release

. , BSC
. OMC-R

O&M
.
BTS
.
, BSC

194

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.

channel_activation.
BTS

channel_activation_nack BSC (
3 ).

5.2.2 ,

.
.


BSC , ,

BTS .
BSC

handover_complete (_).
BTS.

4.
BSC MSC
BTS,
clear_command (_ ).
BSC channel_released
( )
deactivate_SACCH (_SACCH), BTS.

BSC, BTS, MTS
, 5.2.1.
57.

195

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.

BTS

BTS

BSC

BSC

MSC

Hando

(FACCH)
Handover
complete

Channel
release
Deactivate
SACCH

Cltar command
+ MIE

57. .

196

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.

5.3 -

.
,
:
>> (reset).
>> BSC.
>> BTS.
>> .
>> TC.
5.3.1
/

. MSC
BSC .
, MSC
( , ,
MSC , ),
reset () reset_circuit
(_ ) BSC.

MSC
BSS ().

MSC BSC reset (),


. BSC:
>> OMC-R;
>> block () MSC
;
>> BSS.
5.2.1.
SCCP , BSC
SCCP_release (_SCCP)
, SCCP.

197

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.

. , BSC
reset_ack (_) MSC.
58
.


MSC.
BSC, ,
MSC.
,
SCCP.
MSC release_circuit (_ )
BSC .
, BSC:
>> b .
>> SCCP.
>> BTS
.

198

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.

BSC

BTS

MSC
Reset
()

OMC-R
block
Channel
release
Disc

LAPDm
Channel
release

Disc

LAPDm

Release
indication

Physical
context
request
Physical
context
confirm

SCCH

release
SCCH
release
SCCH
release
complete
SCCH
release
SCCH
release
complete
RF channel
Release

Release
indication
RF channel
Release ack

Physical
context
request

Physical
context
confirm
RF channel
Release
RF channel
Release ack

Reset ack

58. .

- SCCP,
. MSC BSC
.
. 5.3.2 .

199

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.

5.3.2

BSC
BSC ,
Abis / .
BSC , ,
BSS, .
BSC ,

.
, BSC ,
MSC clear
MSC BSC.



MSC

BSC MSC
clear_request (_). BSC
, . MSC

clear_command (_) BSC.
,
, BSC
,
( 5.2.1).
BSC, .

( BTS)
clear_complete (_)
MSC. 59.
.

BTS

BSC

MSC
Clear
request

Clear
command
MIE c

59. BSC
/BTS.

200

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.


/BTS :

>> , ;
>> (RF) .
BSC :
>>

channel_release
BTS;

(_)

>> deativate_SACCH (_SACCH)


BTS.
,
5.2.1.

, BSC
, ,
BTS.
:
>> (
).
>> , BSC ,
. .
5.2.2.
>> .
,

.

5.3.2.1 SCCP, BSC


BSC SCCP, :
>> .
>> SCCP BSC.

201

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.

, ,
SCCP , BSC
SCCP:
>> , 3
SCCP;
>> ,

SCCH_released (SCCP_) MSC.

SCCP BSC
MSC.
SCCP
SCCP BSC, SCCP_
. , MSC

SCCP_release-complete
(_SCCP_)
.

BSC
SCCP. BSC
, ,
, :
>>
Abis;
>> ,
;
>> SCCP.

5.3.3 BTS
BTS ,
LAPD, O&M
BTS. BTS
:
>>
.

>> SACCH BSC;


>>

release_indication
(_) BSC,
LAPDm.

202

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.

LAPD

BTS LAPD
(FU) BSC,
, FU
TRF BTS A9100).
BTS SACCH
disconnect () 2
. BTS
LAPDm. LAPD
, BTS
,
LAPDm.

.

BTS

, BTS
2 ,
, .

.


, LAPDm BTS
BSC. ,
.
, BTS
LAPD. BTS
BSC ,
O&M. , FU
.
BSC

MSC.

60

203

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.

BSC

BTS

MSC


LAPDm. BTS
LAPDm
disc
disc

disc
UA
UA
UA

LAPDm

FU TRE
Clear request
RF channel
Release ack

Clear commfnd
MIE

Clear complete

60. c , BTS.

O&M

BTS ,
FU ( TRE BTS A9100).

O&M

FU
. BTS
.

- SACCH. BTS
.

204

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.
BTS FU TRE
. , FU
LAPD BSC. BTS
BSC ,
O&M.
5.3.4

:

>> .
>> LAPDm.

SACCH
, BTS
. BTS
SACCH, , .
,
(,
).
,
SACCH, BTS
,
BTS . BTS
, ,
.
BTS __
BSC , ,
. BSC
BTS _-
BTS _ MSC.
BTS
BSC connection_failure (
) ,
. BSC BTS j
BTS c RF_channel_release
(__
)

clear_request

205

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.
(_)
61.

MTS.

BSC

BTS

MSC


SACCH


Cjnnection
fqilure
indication

RF channel
release

Clear request

Clear command
MIE c

61. .

LAPDm,

,
,
disconnect () BTS.
,
MS
_ BSC
( 5.3.2).

5.3.6
BTS,
. GSM.
,
BTS.
BTS ,
connection_failure_indication (__)
BSC ,
. . 61.

206

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.

BTS ,

connection_failure_indication
(__) BSC BSC
,

, ,
BSC,
,
. BSC

.

207

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

5.

BSC

BTS

MSC

TC

alarm

Cjnnection
fqilure
indication

Clear request

RF channel
release

Clear command
MIE c

62. , TC.

3BK20516 AAAA TQZZA Ed.03 Rus

6. BSS

6. BSS


BSS. :
>>
>>
BSS.
>> BSS.
>> .
>>

209

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

6. BSS
6.1
BSS
. BTS BSC,
BSS ,

BTS .
TSS
BSS.

.

210

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

6. BSS

6.2

(PSTN) PSTN
. ,
PSTN.

, , .

TCH
A| 6.5 /c

BTS

A| 6.5 /c

64 /c

13 /c

SIM

SIM

BIE

BIE

BSC

6.5 /c

SM

SM

TC

13 /c

MSC

64 /c

TCH

CIM
A/D

,
-

63. BSS.

211

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

A/D

PSTN

A/D

6. BSS

.

:
>> 13 / (
).
>> 6.5 / .

16 / (8 / ). 3 1.5
/
. 16 /

,

.
BSS .


. ,

( ). ,
,
.
260 (112)
, 456 (228) -
.
(
) ,
TDMA
. ,
, , ,

, .


BTS. ,

, ,
. ,

212

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

6. BSS

TDMA. ,
,

.


BTS. 13
/ 3 /
.
Abis Ater 64 /
.
. 64.

64.

64 /c


A

Ater.

13 / 64 /
c
.


(ISDN) PSTN.
MSC PST64 / N.

.

6.2.1

213

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

6. BSS


EFR
.

ACELP.
c
EFR

EFR BSC (cell-bycell basis)


O&M EFR_ENABLED.
EFR, :
>> ,
setup_request ( )
MSC .
>> MSC BSC assignment_request
( ) handover_request ( ).
>> BSC MSC
, BTS
A TRAU.
>> BSC BTS,
.
>> BSC
TRAU
TRAU, TRAU.
>> BSC assignment_command
(_) handover_commend
(_), ,
, .
>> , BSC MSC
.
>> , BSC
, BSC MSC .


G2
OMC-R.

6.2.2



,
.

,

214

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

6. BSS
.
A.

. -
,
,
.
BSS
:
>> G2 BSC
>> G2
>> BTS:
>> G1 BTS .
>> EVLIUMTM BTS.

215

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

6. BSS

6.3

:
>>
>> .


V.110.
V.110 ITU.
ISDN
(DTE).
/ .
TC
, . 64
/ ISDN .
.

,

PSTN. (
).

6.3.1,
- 6.3.2.
65 BSS.

CIM
A/D

,
-
65. BSS.

216

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

6. BSS
6.3.1
, BSS
:
>>
>> .


, .
9.6 / 4.8 /. 2.4 /
, .
,
.
.
.
V.110
, . 18
.

,
.

, V.110
. ,
.
18.
,
64 /.

. ,
, ,
- ().
8000 (64 /).
8 / 16 / (
)
.

217

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

6. BSS
18.
.

9600
4800
<= 2400

6 /
8 /
8 /

12 /
6 /
3.6 /


(
)
0.3%
0.01%
0.001%

6.3.2

. RLP
V.110. , ,
.
,
. RLP
.
RLP V.110
. RLP
.
.

12 /.
9.6 / ( ,
).
BSS
V.110 RLP.


,
.
.


LAPD.

.

,
.
,
.

, BTS. ,
,
.

218

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

6. BSS
BTS RLP
V.110, 0, 1, 2, 3.
.

219

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

6. BSS
6.4 -
(SMS):
>> SMS -
.
>> SMS-B (Broadcast-)
(.. ).
SMS-B , ,
,
. , , SMS-B
BSC
.
66 SMS-B.

BSC

OMCR
BSC

HM

SMS-CB

CBC


CBC=

66.
.
SMS-B
(CBC-Cell Broadcast Center).

220

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

6. BSS
CBC BTS
BSC CBC OMC-R.
CBC ,

.

.
.
CBC
BSC,
. BSC

.

221

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

7.

7.

,
Alcatel 900/1800 BSS.
:
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>

222

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

7.

7.1

Alcatel BSS , ,

.
,
, . ,
35 , :
>> ( single).
>> .
, ,

70 .


BTS. :
>>
.

.
>>
.

, .

,

( ),

.
67
GSM 900 GSM1800 .

.

223

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

7.

67. : .

224

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

7.
7.2


.
BTS.

.



.


.

,
35 .
- .
, SDCCH
.
,
.
.

,
. zone_type
(_) 1 0 (1=, 0=).


.
.
- BTS.

225

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

7.
7.3

0.1 BTS
BTS ,
,
. 68
.
0.2 BTS
, ,
, .
OMC
BSC

BTS
.
0.3 BTS BTS
() BTS. BTS
, BTS
BTS

1
1
BTS

2
2

68.

226

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

7.

7.4
,
, 69.
36 (
, ),
33 70 .

BTS
G. ( )
33 .

.
:
>> BCCH : BCCH
.
>> RACH : BCCH
, .

,
,
, .

.
RACH channel_request
(_) ,
BCCH ,
33 BTS. BTS
, ,

SDCCH .

60 .
33 . BTS,

GSM 0-63 .

227

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

7.
,
,
, .

, .
, 69

.

,
.
,
TRX.

: -
70 .
- BTS,
.
:
>> TDMA
, TRX.
>>
BCCH .
>> -.
>> BCCH TRX.

35 .

69.

228

70 .

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

7.

7.5
,
,
,

(),


.
,

.

( )
. 7.5.1
.

,
.



.
7.5.2
.
7.5.1
,

( 500 1 ),

( 5 10 .).

,
.
,
.
70
, .

229

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

7.

70. .

7.5.2

( 300 ).
.
( 1 2 .)
,
.

, ,
.

- .
:
>> (
, ).

230

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

7.
>> ,
.
>> . ,
,
.


. ,
,
, .
/

.

.
7.5.2.1
- -
. ,
,
.
, .
7.5.2.2 -

,
.
,
.
,

.
/,
, .
-
/ ,
.

, .

SACCH.

231

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

7.

7.5.2.3 -


_to_m

,

M_to_m
.
.
-
.
,
M_to_m .

7.5.2.4
71
:
>> -
( 1 71).
>> ,
/ ( 2 71).

- (
).
.

, .

232

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

7.

71. : .

( 1)

.

(1).

233

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

7.

( 2)


.
1. (2) .
.
2.
(3), .
, ,

.

( ).
3.

,
, ,
, M_to_m, ,
(4).
,
,
(,
.

4. (5).
(,
).
.
5. ,
,
M_to_m (6). ,
,
.

MS .
1. (2). .
2. MS (3),
. ,
,

234

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

7.
.
,
( ).
3. ,

, M_to_m,
(4).
,
,
(, MS ).
4. (5). MS
(, MS
).
.
5. MS , MS ,
M_to_m (6).
(, MS
,
).

235

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.

8.

O&M
. :
>>
>> O&M
>> O&M - O&M -R
>>
>>
>>
>>
O&M.
O&M
.

236

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.

8.1
BSS, O&M
BSS. O&M
:
>> .
>> .
>> .
.
BSS O&M:
>>BTS

, ,
BSC.
>>BSC
OMC-R.
>> BSC TC
O&M
.


BSS.
>> MFS, BSC,

OMC-R.

O&M

OMC-R PLMN.

BSS, BSC O&M.
O&M OMC-R BSS
. O&M
BSC ,
O&M.

BSS
. ,
(SBL), .
,
, SBL
,
.

237

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.

O&M

(Local Maintenance TerminalLMT) ,


BSC, BTS TC.
LMT .
LMT
, . LMT
MFS,
. OMC-R.
MFS - OMC-R
LMT.
LMT ,
LMT.

O&M

,
TMN
Q3 .


.
Alcatel
, BSS, BTS, BSC
.
, , ,

Alcatel ,
,
(Security Block SB).

LMT, , BSC,
BTC .
SBL
OMC-R LMT.

8.1.1 O&M BSS


BSS O&M.


.
:
>>
BSS/MFS
.

238

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.
>> , ,
.
>> , .
>>
.


.
, ,

BSS/MFS OMC-R
.

.
OMC-R
BSS.

239

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.

8.2 O&M OMC-R


OMC-R BSS/MFS
O&M. :
>>
:
* .
-


(, ).

*
-



( ).

*
-

().

>>

.
>> BSS Alcatel
NMC. Q3.

240

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.
8.2.1 -.
- (Multiple HumanMachin Interface HMI) OMC-R
,
OMC-R, , .

OMC-R () X.25.
72 .

HMI

X.25

OMC-R
1

OMC-R
2

OMC-R
n

72. HMI OMC-R.



OMC-R,


HMI.

,
:
>> .

241

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.
>> , t
,
OMC-R.
>> OMC-R

.
8.2.2

ACO NTC
ACO NTC HMI

. BSS

OMC-R OMC-R.

OMC-R OMC-R NTC,
73.
OMC-R.

CMISE
BSC A

OMC-R
0
HIS
1
2
3

X.25

CMISE

BSC A
OSI CPRA 1

FTAM
BSC A

FTAM
OSI CPRA 2

HSI = High Spttd Interface


( )
CPRA

73. ACO NTC.

242

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.

8.2.3 BSC OMC-R



OMC-R
BSC.
.
X.25
, CMISE FTAM.
74
.

CMISE
BSC A

OMC-R
0
HIS
1
2
3

X.25

CMISE

BSC A
OSI CPRA 1

FTAM
BSC A

FTAM
OSI CPRA 2

HSI = High Spttd Interface


( )
CPRA

74. X.25 .



,
, :
>> OMC-R.
>> BSC.
>> .
75 .

243

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.

CMISE
BSC A

OMC-R
0
HIS
1
2
3

X.25

BSC A
OSI CPRA 1

1
2

FTAM
BSC A

OSI CPRA 2

75 .


X.25

X.25 .


1. OMC-R
2. BSC
3.

OMC-R BSC CMISE


FTAM, .
, ,
, .
:
>> ,
. .
>> ,
.
>>
,
CMISE FTAM
.
,
.

244

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.

8.3

.
, , ,

. 19
.
19.

BSC

>> .
>>
>>

BTS

>> BTS.
BTS.
>>
FU (G1/G2 BTD) TRE (BTS A9100/910).
>> .
>> ( BTS A9100/910).
>> BTS.

TC

>> Q1 TC,SM BIE.


>> LAPD BSC.
>>
TC, SM BIE.

MFS

>> GPU.
>> .
>> Gb.
>>
.

GPU



.
8.3.1

BSS

245

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.

MFS,
BSS MFS
, .


.
8.3.2
:
>>
.

TRE
.
>>
BSS MFS
, .
, .

,
,
.
8.3.3

BSS/MFS
BSS/MFS.


BSS/MFS.

8.3.4
BTS A9100
A910

OMU BTS.
OMU
:
>> BTS/SUM.
>> BTS.
>> OMU/ .

246

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.
>> (

).

()

BTS A9100 OMU


OMU
BSC .
:
>> (Remote Inventory RI).
>> (RF) .

:
>> RIT - .
>> RIT.

RF

RF

>> RIT ( )
>> x, .
>> TRE x.

BTS.

BSC
, BTS A9100

.

. BTS
A9100 OMU

BTS
.

EVOLIUM BTS F9100,


EVOLIUM BTS F9100
BTS.

247

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.

8.4 .
BSS/MFS
,
,
.

.
.
20 .

248

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.

20. .

BSC

>> ,

.
>> BSC BCCH,
/FU (BTS G1
G2)
>> BSC BCCH, TCU/TRE (BTS
A9100/A910). BSC BCCH,
/FU (BTS
G1 G2)

BTS

>> .
BSC.
>> ,
BTS.
>> .
BTS .
>>
BTS.
>> BTS.
>> . . 8.4.1
.

TC

>> TC, SM BIE.


>> TC,
SM BIE RS-232 TSC.
>>
TSC (,
.

MFS

>>

,
.
>> .
>> ITM OMC-R
.
>>

249

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.
.
>> IMT.



..

8.4.1
,
:
>> ( )
,
(AIFL)
BSS OMC-R.
alarm_begin (_ ) ,
-
. ,
alarm_end (_ _), ,
,
AIFL.
>>
,
.


,
. , (CU)
, FU

, CU .

O&M ,
. CU,
, CU.
RSL BSC,
.
8.4.2

250

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.


.

, .
:
1. BTS
, OMU.
2. OMC-R.


, .
.

,
.
, LAPD RSL,
, LAPD
.

OMC-R

TMN.
.
BSS/MFS AIFL,
, .

BSS.
. OMC-R AIFL
BSS.

8.4.3 BSC
BSC Abis TCU
DTC.
BSC.

S-CPRA
BSC. S-CPRA
.

, S-CPRA .

,
.

251

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.

. S-CRPA
,
,
. , S-CPRA
(FLT).
S-CPRA OMC-R
:
>>

BCCH.

TCU,

>> DTC, BSC


MSC, ,
SS7 . :

, , SS7.

TSC TSC, BTS


MSC.
Abis BSC
RSL BTS.
RSL LAPD FU.
TC MSC.
BSC ,
-.
76 RSL Abis.

SBL_BTS_TEL SBL BTS,


GSM.
RSL LAPD
.
RSL
RSL-1

CPR
Alarm begin BTS-TEL

RSL-2

RSL-N ( RSL)

252

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.

76. RSL Abis.

253

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.

BSC :
1. BSC RSL LAPD
BTS. BSC .
SBL RSL - (MSD)
:
>> (RIT)
SOS. - ,

(RTS),

RSL,

, BSC.
>> ,
BSC .
>> SBL RSL FLT,
RSL.
2.
CPR

,
.
RSL,
BTS.
3. , BSC
OMC-R RSL
FLT.
4. OMC-R BTS_TEL.
RSL, BTS,
, OMC-R ,
. AIFL,
BTS_TEL FLT.
5. BSC DTC, BSC SBL
DTC - MSD.

DTC. BSC SBL DTC FLT.
OMC-R. TSC
Ater
OMC-R.

MSC.
BSC
.
.

,

(, SBL).

254

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.
77 .
BTS RSL
,
. AIFL

BTS_TEL
(FIT),
. BSC

()

BTS.

255

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.

77. : .

256

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.
8.4.4 BTS
BTS OMU. 21
OMU.
21 BTS

OMU.


G1/G2

OMU CU,
(MCLU),
(EACB)
(FHU) Q1
FU Token Bus.


BTS
A9100/A910

BSII OMU
TRE, x
TRANS & CLOCK,
. BCB

BTS.

Q1
(BTS G1/G2)

Q1, .
OMU
, . ,
OMU .

Token Bus

OMU FU ,
. OMU
BSC.

BSSI
(BTS A9100/910)

OMU ,
,
.

BCB
(BTS A9100/910)

/.,
SUM
Pilot
(master- ),
Terminals (slaves ). OMU
BCB BSC OMU

BTS :
1. AIFL.
2. OMU
. ,
, BTS BSC

257

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.
3. .
( 100 ):
>>
.

>> ,

BSC OMC-R.
BTS ,
.
4. 3
Abis BSC.
08.59 GSM,
.
BSS/TC.
5.
(CPRA), .
6. BSC :
>> , ,

/ OMC-R
.
>> ,
OMC-R, .
7. .

,
BSC

BSC.
,
, ,
.
8. OMC-R
OSI/CMISE. AS,
.
8.4.5

TC
O&M TC ,
BTS. TC
Q1. Q1
:
>> , .

258

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.
>> ,

, .
BSC TC
, TC
.

8.4.6 MFS
MFS

, ,
.
MFS.


:
>> , GPU,
,
.
>> .
>> IMT OMC-R .
>> ,
(, GPU ).

>> IMT.

259

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.

8.4.7 : BCCH
, ,
( TRE BTS A9100),
BCCH.

BTS A9100, STB FU


SBL, TRE. BSC
BTS A9100 TRE
BTS G1 G2.
,
. .
FU BTS G1 G2
( FU).

BSS
,
:
>> .
>> ,
, .
(,
BCCH, /FU
(TRE BTS A9100)
BSS ,
- .

BCCH,
. ,
BCCH , ,
.
, ,
.
1. , BCCH .
2. BTS BSC , ,

. BTS BSC

260

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.
BCCH.
BSC
.
, BTS_TEL SBL
FIT
. RSL SBL RTL=EF.

.
3. BSC OMC-R ,
BCCH.
4. BSC .
BTS-CONE-DATA (2).

5. BTS .

.
BCCH.
6. , BTS BSC
. BSC
SYS_INFO (1-6).
7. BCCH , ,
.
8. BTS BTS_TEL SBL FIT
OMC_R , .
BTS_TEL FIT, .. .
9. IT,
. OMC-R
.
78
BCCH.

261

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.

BSC

OMC

BTS
BTS_TEL=IT

BCCH .

BTS_TEL=FIT

(,
BCCH, yfxfkj )

BTS_CONE_DATA (2)

BTS .
BTS_TEL=FIT

BTS_CONE_COMPL

(,
BCCH, )

(,
TCH, )

SYS_INFO (1-6)

BTS_TEL=FIT

78. : , BCCH.

BTS_TEL SBL BTS


GSM.
LAPD
.

262

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.

8.4.8

.
BTS A9100. ,
, ,
BTS
.
, BTS A9100
.

, .
, BTS A9100
, BTS

, .


, OMU .
, OMU
TRE, TRE BCCH ( ),
TRE
FOS.

TRE BCCH
, TRE (
SDCCH) ,
, TRE.


, OMU .
, OMU
.
.
BTS
, OMU
BTS.
TRE.

BTS A9100
BTS A9100/ A910.

263

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.

8.4.9 BSC
BSC
, ,
, .

.



.

,
BSC.
OMC-R.

,
16 .


BSC
.

264

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.

8.5

BSS.
BSC
..

.
22
BSC MFS.
22. .

BSC

MFS

.
>>
>> X.25
>>
>>
>>

>>


GPU.
>> .

8.5.1


BSS.

MSC.
:
>> .
>> IMSI.

( ,
, ..) BSS.

BSC, .
IMSI .

265

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.
. , , ,
, ..



8.5.2

,
,
. OMC-R ,
PM .
PM BSC .
BSS :
.
: ,
DER . MFS .

>> BSC MFS.
>> MSC MFS.
8.5.3
OMC-R
PM OMC-R
.
OMC-R QoS
.

:
>> MPM, OMC-R.
>> NPA, MPM.



266

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.

8.6 .

. :
>> OMC-R TC, BTS MFS.
>> BSC BTS.


.
; 23.
23. .


.
,
, ,
,


,
.

.
, SBL
RIT . OMC-R
.
OMC-R BSS AIFL.
OMC-R
,
, .
SBL
,
. SBL
OMC-R.
SBL.,
.

OMC-R
BSC .
:
>> / .

267

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03

8.
>> .


(, BTS_O&M ).
>>
,
.
>>
BSC, BSC .
>> .
OMC-R
MIB.

OMC-R
.

.

.

. ,
FU , BSC OMC-R
/FU.
OMC-R .


,
OMC-R. BSS.
OMC-R ,
,
.
.

268

3BK 20516 AAAA TQZZA . 03