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1.1.
1.2.
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1.40.
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1.46.
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2.1.
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2.27.
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3.-1.
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5.1.
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5.4.
5.5.
5.6.
5.7.
5.8.

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6.20.
6.21.
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6.23.
6.24.

6.2.

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6.25.
6.26.
6.27.
6.28.
6.29.
6.30.
6.31.
6.32.
6.33.
6.34.

6.3.

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6.35.
6.36.
6.37.
6.38.
6.39.
6.40.
6.41.
6.42.
6.43.
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6.45.
6.46.

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7.-1.
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7.2.
7.3.
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7.5.
7.6.
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7.9.
7.10.
7.11.
7.12.
7.13.
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7.22.
7.23.
7.24.
7.25.
7.26.
7.27.
7.28.

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7.29.
7.30.
7.31.
7.32.
7.33.
7.34.
7.35.
7.36.
7.37.
7.38.
7.39.
7.40.
7.41.
7.42.

8.

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9.10.
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9.12.
9.13.
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9.16.
9.17.
9.18.
9.19.
9.20.
9.21.
9.22.
9.23.
9.24.
9.25.
9.26.
9.27.
9.28.
9.29.
9.30.
9.31.
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9.33.
9.34.
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9 15 18 16 16 15 11 13 21 19
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11 99 14 7 23 9 6 18 99 7
10

4 9 2 12 7 6 9 3 18 5 15 =
(
B3:L6;B11:L14)

1 2 3

11

12
13
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=(B11:B14)B7
15


10
.
=(B11:L1
1)-M3
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. 77


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1 2 3 4 5 6 7
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. 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 .
1 84 36 42 81 63 60 66
2 63 48 33 24 33 21 33
3 63 18 33 66 45 45 51
4 39 33 57 63 42 51 45
5 30 21 42 42 24 33 24
1-
8
90 65 45 75 95 100 75 505

9
10
. 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 .
11 1
12 2
13 3
14 4
15 5
=(B11:B15)= = = =
16
B8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

J

290
165
235
255
105
=(B3:
I7;B11:I15)

=(B11:I11)-J3
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. 80

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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

191

A
B
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: -
1 2 3
1 78
15
42
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2 33
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3 60
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24
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45
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5 33
39
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=(B3:D
150
150
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7;B11:D15)
1

1
2
3
4
5

16

=(B11:D11)-E3
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B11:B15)- C11:C15)- D11:D15)
B8
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83).

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2
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2
3
4
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. 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7
1 27
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55
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150
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3:H5;B9:H11)

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1

=(B9:H9)-I3
=(B10:H10)I4
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10 2
11 3
=
(
B9:B
11)B6

12

=
(
C9:C
11)C6

=
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11)D6

=
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1)-E6

=
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1)-F6

=
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=
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11)H6

. 84

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15210 .
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55
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48555 .

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A
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

1
2
3
4
5
1-

193

B
. 1
84
63
63
39
30

C
. 2
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75

. 1

. 2

. 3

. 4

. 5

. 6

. 7

I
.
290
165
235
255
105
=(
B2:H6;B10:H14)

9
10
11
12
13
14
15

1
2
3
4
5

=(B10:H10)
=(B11:H11)
=(B12:H12)
=(B13:H13)
=(B14:H14)
= = = = = = =(H10:H14)-H7

17
18
19
20
21
22
23

1
2
3
4
5

1 2 3

78
15
42
=I7+E23+I37
33
60
60
60
9
24
51
45
15
33
39
12
150
150
205
=(B18:D22;B26:D30)

25
26
27
28
29
30
31

1
2
3
4
5

1 2 3
=(B26:D26)
=(B27:D27)
=(B28:D28)
=(B29:D29)
=(B30:D30)
= = =(D26:D30)-D23

=E26+I10-I2
=E27+I11-I3
=E28+I12-I4
=E29+I13-I5
=E30+I14-I6

. 1
27
69
42

. 2
57
21
18

. 3
63
27
42

. 4
21
66
54

. 5
30
48
33

. 6
39
45
39

. 7
24
51
36

55

45

70

75

40

35

185

. 1

. 2

. 3

. 4

. 5

. 6

. 7

33
34
35
36
37
39
40
41
42
43

1
2
3
2-

1
2
3

150
150
205
=(
B34:H36;B40:H42)

=(B40:H40)
=(B41:H41)
=(B42:H42)
= = = = = = =(H40:H42)-H37

. 86

.
(. 86).
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100 .

,
P1
P2
P3
P4
P5
P6
P7
P8
P9
P10
P11

O1
67
61
63
52
53
70
43
69
71
68
54

O2
55
77
73
44
76
55
61
70
56
63
59

O3
51
52
72
72
63
77
75
55
67
77
51

O4
63
72
42
50
45
46
54
47
42
61
66

O5
49
66
58
55
47
67
75
61
45
69
56

.., ..

P12
P13
P14

195
57
73
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53
64
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59
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(.
87).

A
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35

P1
P2
P3
P4
P5
P6
P7
P8
P9
P10
P11
P12
P13
P14

P1
P2
P3
P4
P5
P6
P7
P8
P9
P10
P11
P12
P13
P14

O1

O2

O3

O4

O5

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0


67
55
51
63
49
=(B2:G2;B18:G18)
61
77
52
72
66
=(B3:G3;B19:G19)
63
73
72
42
58
=(B4:G4;B20:G20)
52
44
72
50
55
=(B5:G5;B21:G21)
53
76
63
45
47
=(B6:G6;B22:G22)
70
55
77
46
67
=(B7:G7;B23:G23)
43
61
75
54
75
=(B8:G8;B24:G24)
69
70
55
47
61
=(B9:G9;B25:G25)
71
56
67
42
45
=(B10:G10;B26:G26)
68
63
77
61
69
=(B11:G11;B27:G27)
54
59
51
66
56
=(B12:G12;B28:G28)
57
53
61
62
59
=(B13:G13;B29:G29)
73
64
46
72
60
=(B14:G14;B30:G30)
70
65
78
45
49
=(B15:G15;B31:G31)
=(H2:H15)
O1
O2
O3
O4
O5
..
.
=(B18:G18) =H2*100/60/8
=(B19:G19) =H3*100/60/8
=(B20:G20) =H4*100/60/8
=(B21:G21) =H5*100/60/8
=(B22:G22) =H6*100/60/8
=(B23:G23) =H7*100/60/8
=(B24:G24) =H8*100/60/8
=(B25:G25) =H9*100/60/8
=(B26:G26) =H10*100/60/8
=(B27:G27) =H11*100/60/8
=(B28:G28) =H12*100/60/8
=(B29:G29) =H13*100/60/8
=(B30:G30) =H14*100/60/8
=(B31:G31) =H15*100/60/8
= = = = = =(G18:G31)-G33
=(J2:J15)
1
1
1
1
1
9

=H16*100/60

<-

. 87

84 (14*6),
. .
H2:H15
H16 .
H16 .

, 100 .
A35
=H16*100/60. I18:I31 ,
.
, , .

.
=(J2:J15).

.., ..

197


.
G32 =(G18:G31)G33, .
B33:G33. ,
H18 =(B18:G18),
. .
, H16,
. B18:G31. ,
, .
: B32:G32=0 H18:H31=1, .
(. 88)
220
P3
P4
P7
P9
P13

O1
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
366.7

O2
0
1
0
0
0
0
1

O3
0
0
0
0
1
0
1

O4
1
0
0
0
0
0
1

O5
0
0
0
1
0
0
1

. .
0
0
0
0
0
0
9

1
1
1
1
1

.
8.75
9.17
8.96
9.38
9.58
9.58

<-

. 88

, .
.
366.7
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220
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10 .

.
,
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.
G33 9 4.
(. 89).

250
P1
P5
P11
P12
P14

O1
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
416.7

O2
0
0
0
1
0
0
1

O3
1
0
0
0
0
0
1

O4
0
0
0
0
1
0
1

O5
0
1
0
0
0
0
1

. .
0
0
0
0
0
0
4

1
1
1
1
1

.
10.63
9.79
11.25
11.04
9.38
11.25

<-

. 89


.
,
11 , 417 .
2.7 2.8 .
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12 , 10, 783.4 .
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5 , 5
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.
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.
, ,
. ,
. ,

, .
10
. 2.9 .

.., ..
AB

F
=(F2:F6)

G
=(G2:
G6)

1
2
3
4
5

=C2*C9+E2*E9
=C3*C10+E3*E10
=C4*C11+E4*E11
=C5*C12+E5*E12
=C6*C13+E6*E13
=F1-G1

=E2+C2-F2
=E3+C3-F3
=E4+C4-F4
=E5+C5-F5
=E6+C6-F6

=F2*100/60/8
=F3*100/60/8
=F4*100/60/8
=F5*100/60/8
=F6*100/60/8

=G2*100/60/8
=G3*100/60/8
=G4*100/60/8
=G5*100/60/8
=G6*100/60/8

1
2
3
4
5

C
D
E
1-
2-

P3 43
P1 54
P4 44
P5 53
P7 46
P11 51
P9 42
P12 45
P13 45
P14 47
220
250

P3
P1
=1-C9
P4
P5
=1-C10
P7
P11 =1-C11
P9
P12 =1-C12
P13
P14 =1-C13

199

. 90

A1:D7 , .
1- 5-
. C9:C13,
,
. ,
,
. ,
P3, P1 .
E9:E13 ,
. C9:C13 ,
.
C9:C13 E9:E13 ,

. F2:F6. F1

. G1:G6.
.
, .
,
. ,
.
.

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?
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, F7 ?
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G1, .
.
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: 0, C9:C13, =
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.
2. ,
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F7>=0, .
, ,
, (. 91).
1-

1
2
3
4
5

2-

P3
P4
P7
P9
P13

43 P1 54
44 P5 53
46 P11 51
42 P12 45
45 P14 47
220
250

1 P3 0
P1 1
2 P4 1
P5 0
3 P7

0
4 P9 1
5 P13 1

P11 1
P12 0
P14 0

236
54
44
51
42
45
2

234
43
53
46
45
47

1- .
11.3
9.2
10.6
8.8
9.4

2- .
9.0
11.0
9.6
9.4
9.8

. 91

P1, P4, P9, P11, P13, P3, P5,


P7, P9, P14. ,
, 11 .

.., ..

201

2.-7.
()
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B
C
D
1
2
3
1
2
3
4
1
24.2
17.6
25.8
5
5
23.6
20.2
22.6
6
7
12
16.2
19.2
7
8
15.8
19
12.6
8
10
21.4
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16.6
9

18
25
30
10 min %
0.05
0.05
0.05
11
1
2
3
12
16
13 1
14 5
15 7
18
18
16 8
9
12
17 10
0.000
0.000
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0.0600
0.0586
0.0584
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20

21 Max
20
18
16
1.5
1.2
1.2
22 k
23
14.00
14.30
12.77

4
24.2
20.4
18.2
24
25.4
15
0.07

5
18.8
14.6
19
21.2
22.2
20
0.07

5
20

15

0.000

0.000

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0.0780

22
1
21.69

20
1
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16.00
19.25
15.75
36.00
21.00

0.000
0.750
-0.750
0.000
0.000

H
%
0.060
0.078
0.071
0.060
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281.60
292.00
273.00
511.20
381.00
1 739

1 672.4

. 107


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5-
k k min
C (1 H
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k min
(,
),
, = 1038,6 + 1738,8 + 1642,7 = $ 4449,8 .

.

. 108.

A
1

2
1
3
2
4
3
5
4
6
5
7
6
8
7
9
8
10
9
11
10
12
13

14
1
15
2
16
3
17
4
18
5
19
6
20
7
21
8
22
9
23
10
24
25

26
27
28
29

.
Max
16
30
24
28
20
32
34
36
38
40

1
18.0
0.0
18

Min
%

1
0.060
7.5
4
1
0.080
15.8
2
1
0.058
7.53
6
1
0.053
7.1
8
2
0.078
14.8
1
2
0.062
9.8
6
2
0.071
11.53
5
2
0.060
8.37
4
3
0.059
7.2
9
3
0.056
7.07
6
- -
2
21.8
3.2
25

3
16.0
14.0
0.0

4
8.2
6.8
30

5
0.0
10.0
10.0
15

1.50

1.20

1.20

1.00

.
=G3*C3
=G4*C4
=G5*C5
=G6*C6
=G7*C7
=G8*C8
=G9*C9
=G10*C10
=G11*C11
=G12*C12


30.0
10.0
0.0
10.0
26.0
18.0
14.0
0.0

=(B15:F15)-G15
=(B16:F16)-G16
=(B17:F17)-G17
=(B18:F18)-G18
=(B19:F19)-G19
=(B20:F20)-G20
=(B21:F21)-G21
=(B22:F22)-G22
=(B23:F23)-G23
=(B24:F24)-G24

20

=( =( =( =( =(
- B15:B24)- C15:C24)- D15:D24)- E15:E24)- F15:F24)B25
C25
D25
E25

F25
min %
5.00%
5.00%
5.00%
7.00%
7.00%
=(B15:B24;$D$3:$D$12)/ =
%
(F
B25

.
20
18
16
22
20

30 K_%

/
0
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
0

1.00

=G15-100*G3
=G16-100*G4
=G17-100*G5
=G18-100*G6
=G19-100*G7
=G20-100*G8
=G21-100*G9
=G22-100*G10
=G23-100*G11
=G24-100*G12

=(G
- 15:G24;F3:F12)/
(B25:F25)

/
4

=(G29;G30;G
31)

=(B
15:F24;B34:F43)

=(B
31:F31;B25:F25)

=B29*(1- =C29*(1- =D29*(1- =E29*(1B30*(B28- C30*(C28- D30*(D28- E30*(E28- =F29*(1- B27)/B27 C27)/C27 D27)/D27 E27)/E27 F30*(F28- =(G
F27)/F27) 15:G24;E3:E12)
)
)
)
)

31
- -
32
1
2
3
4
33
1
24.2
17.6
25.8
24.2
34
2
28.8
9.6
11.8
10.2
35
3
15
7.8
21.8
8.2
36
4
23.2
17.4
25.4
19.8
37
5
23.6
20.2
22.6
20.4
38
6
14.2
8.2
9.4
15.8
39
7
12
16.2
19.2
18.2
40
8
15.8
19
12.6
24
41
9
11.4
20.2
16.6
25.4
42
10
21.4
20.2
16.6
25.4
43

5
18.8
15.6
11
26.2
14.6
8.4
19
21.2
22.2
22.2

=G28
=G29
=G30
=G31

.
4 449.8
1 738.8
1 672.4
1 038.6

=(H34-G28)/H34
=(H35-G29)/H35
=(H36-G30)/H36
=(H37-G31)/H37

. 108

50
10 5- (
B15:F24), 10 10-
( G15:G24), 10
( G3:G12),
1.
H3:H12,
, I3:I12,

,

.., ..

227

( H26),
1.
H15:H24, ,
B26:F26, -,
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1.
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1 . ( L7)
, ,
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,
.
. 109.

. 109


. 110.
, ,
,
15%,
, $700 .
34%, 18%,
23%. ,
.
4,5, 1,2,
. ,
.

A
1

2
1
3
2
4
3
5
4
6
5
7
6
8
7
9
8
10
9
11
10
12
13
14
1
15
2
16
3
17
4
18
5
19
6
20
7
21
8
22
9
23
10
24
25
26 -
27 min %
%
28
Max
29 .
30 K_%
31

/
.
Min %

1
0.060
7.5
4
0
0
0.0
1
0.080
15.8
2
1
1
-70.0
1
0.058
7.53
6
1
1
-90.0
1
0.053
7.1
8
0
0
0.0
2
0.078
14.8
1
1
2
-90.0
2
0.062
9.8
6
1
2
-74.0
2
0.071
11.53
5
1
2
-82.0
2
0.060
8.37
4
1
2
-86.0
3
0.059
7.2
9
0
0
0.0
3
0.056
7.07
6
0
0
0.0
- -

1
2
3
4
5

0.0
0.00
21.8
8.2
30.0
0.00
3.2
6.8
10.0
0.00
0.0
0.00
10.0
10.0
0.00
16.0
10.0
26.0
0.00
18.0
18.0
0.00
14.0
14.0
0.00
0.0
0.00
0.0
0.0
0.00
18
25
30
15
20

/
0.00
0
0
0
0
4
4

5.00% 5.00%
5.00% 7.00% 7.00%

7.10% 7.72%
6.11% 7.00% 7.00%
3 795.2

20
18
16
22
20
1 146.4

1.50
1.20
1.20
1.00
1.00
1 372.0
Max
16
30
24
28
20
32
34
36
38
40

7.40

6.25

11.75

22.00

20.00

32
- -
1
2
3
4
5
33
34
1
24.2
17.6
25.8
24.2
18.8
35
2
28.8
9.6
11.8
10.2
15.6
36
3
15
7.8
21.8
8.2
11
37
4
23.2
17.4
25.4
19.8
26.2
38
5
23.6
20.2
22.6
20.4
14.6
39
6
14.2
8.2
9.4
15.8
8.4
40
7
12
16.2
19.2
18.2
19
41
8
15.8
19
12.6
24
21.2
42
9
11.4
20.2
16.6
25.4
22.2
43
10
21.4
20.2
16.6
25.4
22.2

1 276.8

3 795.2
1 146.4
1 372.0
1 276.8

4 449.8
1 738.8
1 672.4
1 038.6

15%
34%
18%
-23%

. 110

,
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, Frontline systems 1991.,
Standard Solver, , 200
. Premium
Solver
2000. Solver, 1
. .
.

- www.solver.com
- www.maximalsoftware.com
- www.cplex.com
- www.ilog.com


(., Interfaces_________ ,
INFORMS 2004______________________________). ,

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##

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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
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1
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0
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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
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. 115

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Large-Scale LP Solver.
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www.solver.com.
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MS Excel 200 .
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.., ..
A
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
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1
2
3
4
5
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8
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C
0
##
5
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D
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237

F
3

G H I
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20
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=(D36:D48)
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0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
=(D109:D120)
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1

10 11 12

.
118

20

21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

34
35

1
1
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1
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37
38
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2
3
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2.1.

2.1.


11- .
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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
1 15
15
20
23
25
27
28
29
30
35
38
2 13
13
21
23
19
24
29
31
27
29
35
3 12
13
16
23
26
26
26
31
33
33
32
4 11
15
20
24
19
25
27
27
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35
33

1
2
3
4

30
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40
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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
15
20
15
20
15
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25
10
10
25
35

, .
#
2.2.


W1, W2, W5 D1, D2, D10 1
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D2

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D4

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W2
W3
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W5

14
13
15
12
18

243

6
10
13
17
12

5
4
11
4
11

12
15
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6
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. D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
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6 11 11 3 12 12 8 3 2
11

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17

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23

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10

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24

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5

a. , .
b. ?
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#
2.3.


.
.
, . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1
345
340
360
360
350
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#

2.4.


.
.
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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1
255
270
255
270
250
265
270
250
2
270
270
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260
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250
260
3
260
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245
260
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4
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:
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3
4
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2.5.


5 .
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.
A B C D E
43
450
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380
390
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45
570
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500
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45
61
57
54
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43 44 45 46 47 48 49
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2.6.

1, 2, 3 4
.
.

(1 10).
1
.

, . .
1
2
3
4

C1
3.1
3.8
9.6
12.5

C2
18
6.8
5.6
16.2

C3
7.5
6.3
7
6.6

C4
17.6
8.3
16.8
16.5

C5
9.3
17.3
8.5
14.9

C6
14
12.3
10.4
3.4

C7
9.7
16.3
11.2
5.6

C8
14.5
5.2
8.2
14.2

C9
8.1
5.1
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11.3

C10
14.1
13.9
18.9
17.4

,
.

. C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8 C9 C10
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2 2 5 4 5 4 4 1 2 3
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1
2
3
4
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4
11
17
20
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2.7.


W1, W2, W5 C1, C2, C9 1
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W4 W5.

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8 C9
W1
48
65
57
57
68
54
65
49
49
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63
45
58
75
51
70
56
52
75
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65
65
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46
62
67
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72
43
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62
75
57
66
60
60
59
55
57
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52
44
51
77
44
56
55
60
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.
-

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8 C9
45 36 31 28 19 40 30 39 46

W1
58

W2
45

W3
68

W4
63

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.., ..

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2.8.
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6
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32
18
35
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6
7
6
12
14
11
16
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5
8
12
14
15
8
20
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2
2
1
6
5
3
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12
15
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15
10
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29
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17
18
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12

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2.9.


.
1 .

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1
2
3

395
350
320

310
300
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355
360
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315
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380

315
345
385

310
275
335

295
270
320

295
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300
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2.10.


.
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16
17
18
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C
900
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D
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925
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20
21
22
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825
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249
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160
186
123
165
135
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16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23
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2.11.


.
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130
70
140
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2.12.


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500

400

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0
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1200
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2500
1500
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2.13.


3 1, 3 : X, Y , Z W.
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B
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A
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a. , .
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2.14.


1, 2, 3 : X, Y Z.
: A, B, C.
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X
Y
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A
B
C
A
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C
A
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64
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46
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104
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C
116
89
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A 51
58
37
B
168
168
224
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A, B, C
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2
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3
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.., ..

253

a. , .
,
.
b. ?
#
2.15.


3 1, 3
: X, Y , Z W. :
A B.

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X
Y
Z
W
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
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40
45
45
35
1
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60
75
65
A
40
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30
40
2
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60
60
60
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40
35
50
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3
B
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70
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A, B.
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Y
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?
#
2.16.


6 .


.
-
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.

S1
243

S2
281

S3
268

S4
179

971

D1
59

D2
141

D3
44

D4
43

D5
123

D6
286 696

S1
S2
S3
S4

D1
12
11
9
12

D2
11
14
13
9

D3
15
9
12
13

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15
11
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11

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14
12
16
16

D6
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15
11
12


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S1
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6
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5
5
7

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6
4
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W2
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4
5
7

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4
6
4

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4
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7

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7
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a.
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.., ..

255

#
2.17.

.


,
.

.

01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10

35
24
22
24
27
18
16
19
14
22

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

21
25
40
19
17
31
37
25
31
33

300 , 200 ,
, .

110 .
.

1
405
380

2
400
370

3
465
340

4
335
335

5
325
385

,
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01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
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605
585
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575
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635
515
620
350
595
665
650

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19

465
575
640
520
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660
680
420
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475
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600
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555

10

675

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20

395

540

,
.
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

1
75
90
90
160
115
95
85
115
125
105
145
95
95
65
55
105
125
125
140
50

2
85
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95
135
150
115
40
145
100
105
145
75
80
175
105
70
75
80
100
85

3
90
155
140
100
95
110
115
160
35
140
65
85
100
50
80
130
105
105
80
140

4
135
130
80
85
70
115
110
90
95
120
90
80
75
115
50
130
100
80
115
60

5
110
75
85
80
130
120
75
80
75
65
120
50
100
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100
125
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2.28.
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32

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57
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, .
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38
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34
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28
35
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24
23
24
23
27
26
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20
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2.38.

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M2
M3
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M5
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135
135
140
120
120
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125

C3
140
130
140
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180
205
180
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210
200
190

C5
205
205
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-

C6
200
195
195
195
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210
210
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230
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275
260
285
265
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P1

P2

P3

P4

P5

P6

P7

P8

P9

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2.39.

14 ( 1, 2, 14) 4
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.., ..

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273
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2.40.

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2.41.

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14
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7
7
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275

2.42.
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2.43.

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700
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400
400
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0
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1600
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2000
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1
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1000
800
700
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400
400
7800

600
0
800
1600
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1800
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0
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= 1 742 000




1
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. 186

$2000.

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$300, 10 . $15.
,

, 15% .
.
a. ?
, .
b.
=1%. ,
.
c. ,
.
b?
d. ,
, Psl = 99%.
#
.


. ,
,
,
.
MS Excel
=( ) =AVERAGE( ) MS Office.
.
207.8 .

MS Excel =( ) ( =STDEV(
)). .

48.8
.
, ,

. ,
.
, ,
. ..
, .


. , .
. .
,
.
. (. 3.2).
( )
. , OK,
:
(R^2).

. 205

(. 206). ,
, .
,
, ,
y= -1.16x + 215 .

.., ..

417

300
250
200
150
100

y = -1.16x + 215.32
R2 = 0.01

50
0
1

10

11

12

. 206


.
,
EOQ .

15% . ,
, h.

. : 25$
15$, , , .
, . C=15.
S 300$.
, EOQ
.
Excel (. 207).
1
2
3
4
5

145

259

184

263

279

203

155

209

189

226

132

249

=
(A1:L1)

=A3*52^0.5

=(A1:L1)

=A4*52

S = 300
$
h = 15%
= 15
$
H = =B8*B7 $

6
7
8
9

EOQ = =(2*C4*B6/
(B7*B8))^0.5
Qreal =
N = =$C$4/E7

Q=
TH =
TS =
T=

900
=I6*$B$9/2
=$B$6*$C$4/I6
=I8+I7

. 207

A3 A4 =( A1:L1)
=(A1:L1 )

. C3 4 .
52 (
), ,
52 .
H
H=h*C.
, ,
EOQ. , ^ Excel
. ()^0.5 ,
0.5 ( ), ..
. ,
Excel =(), .
,
EOQ Qreal.
, , ,
.
E8 ( Qreal), I7:I9
,
Q=900 .
(. 208) .
A

1
2

145

259

184

263

279

203

155

209

189

226

132

249

48.8
351.9
207.8 10 803.0

4
5
6

S= 300

h= 15%

= 15
H= 2.25

$
$
$

EOQ= 1697.3
Qreal= 1700
N= 6.35

1700

1800

TH= 1 013

Q=

900

1 913

2 025

TS= 3 601
T= 4 614

1 906
3 819

1 801
3 826

17.2%

. 208

EOQ=1697.3 ,
Qreal 1700 . 6.35
.
,
900 , .
TH, TS T
: Qreal =900 Qreal =1700 . ,
795$, . ,
17% = (4614-3819)/4614.
, ,
, 6.
, 1800 .
(. 208), 7 .
, , ,
, .
ROP. ,
.

.., ..

419

. , , ,
900 .
,
1800 ,
1%.
1

145

259

184

263

279

203

155

209

189

226

132

249

2
3
4

48.8
351.9
207.8 10 803.0

5
6

S= 300

h= 15%

= 15
H= 2.25

9
10
11
12
13
14
15

EOQ= 1697.3

1800

1700

Qreal= 1800

TH= 1 013

2 025

1 913

N= 6.00

TS= 3 601
T= 4 614

1 801
3 826

1 906
3 819

$
$

Q=

900

17.1%

SL= =A3*B10^0.5

L= =10/7
SS= =B12*E10
z= =(1-B13)
= 1%
ROP= =A4*B10+E10*B12
t= =B11/A4*7

. 209

(. 209) L
, . L
, B10 =10/7.
z,

z =(1-).
(SS=z*SL, B11)
. ,
S L s L ( E10).
ROP ROP dL z * S L ( B14).
(. 210) .
A
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

. 210

S=
h=
=
H=

300
15%
15
2.25

L= 1.43
SS=
z=

ROP=
t=

135.7
2.326
1%
432.5
4.6

$
$
$

EOQ= 1697.3
Qreal= 1800
N= 6.00
SL= 58.3

z +2.326 .
, ,
,
10 ( ). , SL=58.3.
136 .
ROP=432.5, , ,
433 .
c ,
.
207.8 135.6 4.6 (B15).
,
10 .
4-5 .
,
- .

, .

. ,
, . ,
,
, ,
,
( ).
,
- .
.
99%. ,
99% , ,
. ,
, E ( Psl ) (1 Psl )Q , Q
.
1 , Q . q,
E(Psl)/q . ,
, ..
1 - Psl !
, , ,
, , , .
z2
1
exp( ) z ) .
E ( z ) S L (
2
2

SL , z . ,
z, = 1-(z).

, , z,
E(Psl) = E (z ) , z
Psl.

.., ..

421

, .
()
A

S= 300

h= 15%

= 15
H= 2.25

9
10
11
12
13
14
15

EOQ= 1697.3

Q=

900

1800

Qreal= 1800

TH= 1 013

2 025

N= 6.00

TS= 3 601
T= 4 614

1 801
3 826

$
$

SL= =A3*B10^0.5

L= =10/7
SS= =B12*E10
z= =(1-B13)
= 1%

SS= =E12*E10
z= 0.237
z= =1-(E12)

ROP= =A4*B10+E10*B12

ROP = =A4*B10+E10*E12
Psl= 99.0%

t= =B11/A4*7

Esl= =(1-E15)*E7

16

=E10*(
1/(2*())*EXP(E(z)-Esl=0 (E12^2)/2)-E12*E13 )-E16

17

. 211

- E17,
0
E12. , z ,
, 0 1 (, ,
).

(. 212).
A

SL= 58.3

10

L= 1.43

11
12

SS= 135.7
z= 2.326

SS=
11.4
z= 0.196

13

1%

z= 42.2%

14

ROP= 432.5

15

t=

ROP = 308.2
Psl= 99.0%

4.6

Esl= 18.0

16

E(z)-Esl=0 0.0000

17

. 212

, 99% 42.2%
ROP=308.2. 11.4
, .
.
A
10

L= 1.43

11

SS= 135.7
z= 2.326

12

1%

14

ROP= 432.5

16
17

t=

4.6

SL= 58.3

58.3

SS=
11.4
z= 0.196

135.6
2.326

z= 42.2%

13
15

. 213

ROP = 308.2
Psl= 99.0%
Esl= 18.0
E(z)-Esl=0 0.0000

1.0%
432.4
99.989%
0.2
0.0000

,
= 1%.
, Psl. ,
Psl=99.989% 1% (. 213).
z ROP ,
b. ,
, .
,
1% , 1
(0.2*6 ). ,
10$. 305$
(135.7*2.25 ).
, ,
Psl ,

.

6.-2.



.
, 98% .
C01134
. (2400 )
.
$5. , ,
, ..
$4 .
100 .
,
4
(, 365 ).
.
a.

.
b. ?
?
c. ,

. ,
,
( ).
,
?
( ).
?
d. 100 , ,
?

.., ..

423

#
.

,
.
,
Excel .
, ?
, D=2400 .
5 . 4 . . ,

. Q*=100,
.
(ROP),
(L=1 ), (s=4
) (Psl=98%).
T,
(=2400/100 ).
(. 214 ).
z .
.
, .
(7 ),
(=2400/365).
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

A
D=
H=
S=
d
=
s
=

B
2400
4
5
6.58

4
98.00
Psl= %
L= 7
T= 15
m= 365

10
11
12

SS= 5.60
. 214

D
E
EOQ= 77.5
Qreal= 100
N= 24.0
TH= 200
TS= 120
TS+TH=
SL=
Esl=
E(Z)-Esl=

320
10.58
2
0.000
0
z= 0.529
0
z= 0.298
4
ROP= 51.6

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

A
D=
H=
S=
d
=

B
2400
4
5
6.58

s =

4
98.00
Psl= %
L= 7
T= 12
m= 365

D
E
EOQ= 77.5
Qreal= 77
N= 31.2
TH= 154
TS= 156
TS+TH=
SL=
Esl=
E(Z)-Esl=

310
10.58
1.54
0.0000

z= 0.6892

10

z= 0.2454

11
12

SS= 7.29

ROP= 53.3

51.6 ,
52 . .., ,
52 , ,
98%.
, ,
, ,
. ,

,
. ,
, ,
.
.
, 1-2 .
,
EOQ=77.5 . ,
, ,
Qreal = 77 (. 214 ).
310
, 320 Qreal = 100. 3%, , ,
.
( 54
) 6 8 .
, -
. (SL/
Qreal). .
.
, .
, 30%,
7 .
.
, , .
,
,
0.5 . , , ,
.

.

. ,
100 15 ().
.

S L s L S L T s L T ,
. ROP

Q d ( L T ) zS L T I . ,
. I
ROP,
.

.., ..

425


(. 215 ).
A
B
C D
E
A
B
C D
E
1 D = 2400
EOQ=
77.5
1 D = 2400
EOQ=
77.5
2 H= 4
Qreal=
100
2 H= 4
Qreal=
100
3 S= 5
N=
24.0
3 S=
5
N=
24.0
d
d
4
4
=
6.58
TH=
200
=
6.58
TH=
200
s
5
5 s =
=
4
TS=
120
4
TS=
120
98.00
95.48
6
6
TS+TH= 320
TS+TH= 320
Psl= %
Psl= %
7 L=
7
SL=
18.76
7 L=
7
SL=
18.76
8 T=
15
Esl=
2
8 T=
15
Esl=
4.52
E(Z)-Esl= 0.000
E(Z)-Esl= 0.0000
9
9
0
m= 365
m=
365
z=
0.867
z=
0.3701
10
10
T+L= 22
3
T+L= 22
0.192
0.3557
z=
z=
11
11
9
I=
51.6
I=
51.6
SS= 16.27
Qftpm=
109.3
SS= 6.94
Qftpm=
100.0
12
12
3
. 215

, 98%
100 , 110 ( Qftpm
).
,
.
9-10 - ,
.
T+L , L,
16 . ,
, ,

19%.
100 ,
95.48%. , ,
,
Psl , Qftpm 100 (. 215
).

6.-3.



, : , -, ,
, , .
.

,
.
,
,
.

,
2 .
,
. ,
,
, ( ),
.
, CW022e 2
., .
- 5 , 3 .
5%. 40% ,

. 6%.

(25000 ),
,
, ..
, CW022e
1000 .
, ,
. 1% , ,
- .
, ,
300 . 1 . 200
, -
.
a. 34887 ,
, .
( ).
,
. - 99%.
b.
.
c.
()?
d. ,
.

?
#
.

.., ..

427

, ,
, ,
.
,
. Excel,
EOQ
ROP, h .
Excel ,
h .
(, ,
),
z - .
h ,
( )
, , .
h .
, ,
,
.
-,
EOQ 2 DS H , H=h*C.
-, :
z2
1
exp( ) z ) , S L s L ,
E ( Psl ) (1 Psl )Q E ( z ) S L (
2
2
2

S L s 2 L d 2 sl ,
L, sl.
-, - ROP dL z * S L .
.
=2 . S=300 .
D=12*25000.
Q ,
EOQ. Psl
99%. L=5
,
sl=3 .
, ,
: sl=3/7 . , ,
, ,
s=1000, .
25000 ,
D
: d=D/52.
34887 .
, ,
h. ,
.
, ,
, .

,
.
(), , ,
. , , (
) - .
? ,
?
, ,
.
, ,
, ,
. ,
. , ,
,
. , , ,
,
.
.
6% -
, . 94% (100% -6%)
, , . , 6%
, , ,
,
. ,
20%, 10%, 32%,
, - .
,
.
,
. , ,
,
, . ..
, ,
,
.
, , ,
. , 5%
.
. 1000 ,
5%, 1000/95%=1053 . 1000
.
-
, ,

.
,
. , 5%
40% , 3%
. 1% .
, , 96%

.., ..

429

. D=300 .
, D*=300000/96%.
(. 216) Excel
. , ,
. .
20% , ,
.
A
1 D =
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

D* =
H =
h =
C =
S =
d =
s =
Psl =
L=
sl =

B
C
300 000
=B1/(1-B14B15)
=B4*B5
20%
2
300
=B2/52
=1000

99%
5

=3/7

13 P = 6%
14 P = 3%
15 P. = 1%
16

EOQ =
Qreal =

=(2*B2*B6/B3)^0.5
=(E2/200;0)*200

TH =
TS =
T=
N=
t
SL =
dL =
Esl =
E(Z)-Esl
=0
z=
z =
ROP =

=E3/2*B3
=E8*B6
=E5+E6
=B2/E3
=365/E8
=(B8*B8*B10+B7*B7*B11*B11)^0.5
=B7*B10
=(1-B9)*E3
=E10*(1/(2*())*EXP((E14^2)/2)-E14*E15)-E12
?
=1-(E14)
=E11+E14*E10

. 216

Qreal ,
EOQ , 200.
EOQ 200, (0
), 200.
E8 , E9
.
, z z,
,
. E13
,

z z . z
z Psl. z
z ,
z, z
=1-(E14). E14
z.
z ,
, ,
.
, , , , .


, . 217.
D =
300 000
D* =
312 500
EOQ =
21 651
H =
0.4
Qreal =
21 600
h =
20%
C =
2
TH =
4 320
S =
300
TS =
4 340
d =

6010

T=

8 660

s =
Psl =
L=
sl =

1000
99%
5
0.43

P =
P =
P. =

6%
3%
1%

N=
t
SL =
dL =
Esl =
E(Z)-Esl =0
z=
z =
ROP =

14.5
25.2
3 411
30 048
216.00
0.000000
1.14
12.7%
33 937

. 217

33937,
34887. ,
.
h, 200%.
ROP= 35725.
, - 20% 200%.

ROP h . ROP
h= 20%, 30%, 40% ..
20%
33 937

30%
34 279

40%
34 495

50%
34 693

60%
34 812

70%
34 939

80%
35 048

90%
35 134

100%
35 225

120%
35 353

150%
35 492

200%
35 725

(. 218)

.., ..

431

36 000

ROP

35 800
35 600
35 400
35 200
35 000
34 800
34 600
34 400
34 200
34 000

h
200%

180%

160%

140%

120%

100%

80%

60%

40%

20%

0%

33 800

. 218


ROP=34887. , ,
65%.
A

D=
D* =
H=
h=
C=
S=
d =
s =
Psl=
L=
sL=

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

300 000
312 500
1.3
65%
2
300
6010
1000
99%
5
0.43

12
13
14
15

P= 6%
P= 3%
P.= 1%

EOQ= 12 010
Qreal= 12 000

TH=
TS=
T=
N=

7 800
7 813
15 613
26.0
t= 14.0
Sx= 3 411
dL= 30 048
Esl=
E(Z)-Esl=0
z=
z=

120.00
0.000233
1.42
7.8%

ROP = 34 887

16
17

SS=
19 THss=
18

4 839
6 291

12 000 1.5625
15 600 9 984

. 219

z.
ROP. ,
65% (. 219).
b.

EOQ=12010. , ,
12 . .
, 26 ,
14 .

c.
. ,
, 12
. .
d.
,
, ,
, .
THres=1.3*12000=15600 . .
,
.
. 6% 26 6%*26=1.56.

.
15600/1.56=10000 .
26,
. Excel
9984 . (. 219).

6.-4.


.
-
. ,
, ,

.
-
. , , 3 ,
,
. ,
.

. , ,
,
.
,
.
,
,
.
8 . .
14 .
, ,
5 . .
16 .

, .
434
238
161
341
422
359
370
390

.., ..

433

211
437
321
312
194
253
334
425
, .
271
246
233
200
180
168
195
173
7 ., 16 .
, ,
4 . .
, , ,
. ,
.
a. , ,
? , ,
,
.
? ,
? ,
60% ?
b. ,
,
?
c.
( , ),
?
?
d. , a, b c,
?
e. ,
? .
#
.

, ,
. ,

.

, ,
, .

16 (
). ,
15 . (7+8). 30
., 15 .
, , ,
,

. (. 220),
C..
A
B
C
D
1 ()
2 434
238
161
341
3 422
359
370
390
4 211
437
321
312
5 194
253
334
425
6
7 C=
15
C=
15
8 P=
30
=
9
=D8/(D8+D7)
9 P= 6
=
10 d1=
=(A2:D5)
z=
=(1-D9)
=(A2 Qopt=
=B10+B11*D10
s=
11 1
:D5)
=1/(2*( ))*EXP(L(z,)=
12
(D10^2/2))-D9*D10

=(B8-B7)*B1013
= B11*(D8*D10+(D8+D7)*D12)
. 220

-
, 5 4
, .. 9 ,
6 . ,
C.
, .
,
, . 220. ( ) (
PI( )) -,
=3.14159265 . ,
, , .
(. 221) .
A
B
C
D
1 ()

7 C=
15
C=
15
8 P=
30
=
9
9 P= 6
=
38%
10 d1=
325.13 z=
0.319
11 s1=
90.03 Qopt=
354
12
L(z,)=
0.2597

13
=
4 058
. 221

,
. =38%, .. ,

.., ..

435

, 354 .
4058 . ,
.
, 325
, 15*325=4877
.
4058 .,
800 . !
, , ..
.
,
.

. ,
.
.

z . (. 222)
. , Q
Q.
A
B
C
D
1 ()
2 434
238
161
341
3 422
359
370
390
4 211
437
321
312
5 194
253
334
425
6
7 C=
15
C=
15
8 P=
30
=
9
=1-(D10)
9 P= 6
=
10 d1=
=(A2:D5)
z=
=(D11-B10)/B11
=(A2 Q=
300
s=
11 1
:D5)
=1/(2*( ))*EXP(L(z,)=
12
(D10^2/2))-D9*D10

=(B8-B7)*B1013
= B11*(D8*D10+(D8+D7)*D12)
. 222

Q z -
d1 s1.

=1-(z).
Q=325 ( ) , ,
50%, 4015 .
, 60%,
Q .
, , 3-4
Q (. 223).

C=
15
P=
30
P
=
6
d1 =
325.1
s1 =
90.0

C=
=
=
z=

Q=
L(z,)=
=

15
9
50%
-0.00
325
0.3996
4 015

C=
15
P=
30
P=
6
d1 =
325.
1
s1 =
90.0

C=
=
=
z=

Q=
L(z,)=
=

15
9
60%
-0.257
302
0.5405
3 917

. 223

- 302 .
3917 .

. ,
,
. .
,
. (. 224) .

C=
8
C=
8
C=
7
C=
9
P=
16
=
5
P=
16
=
4
P=
P
=
=
=
3
38%
3
31%
d1 =
325.1 z=
0.293
d1 =
519.1 z=
0.502
s1 =
90.0 Qopt=
352
s1 =
97.47 Qopt=
568
L(z,)=
0.2693
L(z,)=
0.1971
= 2 154
= 4 227
. 224

,

, ,
.
. 8
: 482, 683, 554, 512, 374, 421, 529, 598.
dl sl .
,
. 6380 .
(2154+4227), ,
.

,
. , , ,
, , ,
. ,
a (. 221),
.

.., ..

437

. ,
, 15
. 16 .
, 3 .

19 . ,
6 .

8 , .
(. 225)

C=
15
C=
15
C=
15
C=
4
P=
30
=
9
P=
19
=
9
P
=
P
=
=

6
69%
=
6
38%
d1 =
z=
d1 =
208.2 z=
325.1
0.319
5
-0.502
s1 =
90.0 Qopt=
354
s1 =
37.57 Qopt=
189
L(z,)=
0.2597
L(z,)=
0.6994
=
4 058
=
661
. 225

,
543 (354+189), 4719 . ..
661 .
,
. ,
.

.
, ,
.
,

. , .
354 .,
5307 . (15*354).
352 . 8 . 568 .
7 . 6789 . , ,
543
. 15 ., 8148 .
,
status quo?

6.-5.


-
,
. (

)
7% . .
12% .
.
,
. 7 ,
.
1114
1030
1037
843

1153
899
661
748

714
1174
1055
627

1197
564
755
832

999
794
963
734

635
1054
713
600

1192
833
584
926

( . )
. .
.
(..
, ),
3,5% ,
- . , .
, .
,
, - 17%
.
,
,
, .
,
.
. ,
?
?
?
?
,
?
, .
.
: 1 . < 600 . , 2 . 601-700 ., 3 . 701800, 4 . 801-900 ., 5 . 901-1000 ., 6 . 1001-1100 ., 7 .
1.1 . . ( ). ,
. ,
? ,
, EMV. (
,
).
.
EMV?

, . ?

.., ..

439

#
.


. , , ,
,
, , ?
.
,
,
, , .
,
,
.
7%,
12% , 5%
. ,
.
, .
, ,
17% . 12%,
5% . ,
10% . .
,
3.5%
, , 3.5% (7%-3.5%).
, ,
, 3.5% .
,
, .
Excel (. 226 ).


C=
7%
C=
10%
C=
7%
C=
10%
P=
12% =
3.50%
P=
12% =
3.50%
P
P=
=
=
3.50%
50%
=
3.50%
26%
d1 =
872.5 z=
d1 =
z=
5
0.646
872.55
0.000
s1 =
202.2 Qopt=
s1 =
Q=
2
1003
202.22
872.55
L(z,)=
0.15650
L(z,)= 0.3989
=

32.7
34.8
=
=
43.6
. 226

, ,
.

.
,
1003 . . 873 .
130 . . ,
.
. ,
,
.
, .
. 226 . ,
Q , z
_

Q d l

= 1-(z)
sl
. z=0
=50%, 32.7 . , 2.1 .
, 1003 . ,
.
,
.
.
, , 43.6 . (5%*872.55).
, .. , .

25%.

. ,
. ,

,
. .

.

2, .
(. 228).
, .
.
(. 227).
,
550
650
750
850
950
1050
1150
.

7.1%
14.3% 21.4% 14.3% 10.7% 14.3% 17.9%

. 227

.., ..

441

7
700- 799

1100- 1199

5
600- 699

800- 899

900- 999

1000- 1099

500- 599

0
500-

600-

700-

800-

900-

1000-

1100-

599

699

799

899

999

1099

1199

. 228

, 7
550 1150 . .
.
(. 229).
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

A
5%

C
550

650

D
E
C 10%
750

850

F
950

G
H
3.50%
1050

1150

=($
550 =$A4*$B$1
=$A4*$B$1-(C$3-$A4)*$E$1
B$12:$H$12;B4:H4)
650
=$A5*$B$1
=($
750
=$A6*$B$1
=($
850
=$A7*$B$1
=($
950
=$A8*$B$1
=($
1050
=$A9*$B$1
=($
1150 =B$3*$B$1-($A10-B$3)*$H$1
=$A10* =($
=(B4:B10) = = = = = = =($
7.14% 14.29% 21.43% 14.29% 10.71% 14.29% 17.86%

. 229

A4:A10 - ,
. B3:H3
.
B4:H10 , ( ),
- . 49
7 7
.
,
, .
,
B4:H10.
,
5%
. B4, , :

=$A4*$B$1. $ ,
, .
, 5%
, .
3.5%.
B4:H10, .
B10 =B$3*$B$1-($A10-B$3)*$H$1,
. 5% ,
550 . . (
) ( 1150550),
3.5%. , $,
, ,
, .
, ,
5% .
10%.
, . C4
=$A4*$B$1-(C$3-$A4)*$E$1.
.
, 49
. (. 230).
550
650
750
850
950
1050
1150
550
27.5
17.5
7.5
-2.5
-12.5
-22.5
-32.5
650
24
32.5
22.5
12.5
2.5
-7.5
-17.5
750
20.5
29
37.5
27.5
17.5
7.5
-2.5
850
17
25.5
34
42.5
32.5
22.5
12.5
950
13.5
22
30.5
39
47.5
37.5
27.5
1050
10
18.5
27
35.5
44
52.5
42.5
1150
6.5
15
23.5
32
40.5
49
57.5
. 230

550 ., 650 . ..
7.14%, 14.29% .. ,
. , 550 . ,
, 7.14% 27.5 . ( 550),
14.29% - 17.5 . ( 650), 21.43% - 7.5 .
( 750) ..

x xi pi , xi
i 1

, pi . Excel
=($B$12:$H$12;B4:H4), I4
550 . .
,
7 (.
231).

.., ..

550
650
750
850
950
1050
1150
max

550
27.5
24
20.5
17
13.5
10
6.5
27.5
7.14%

650
17.5
32.5
29
25.5
22
18.5
15
32.5
14.29%

443
750
7.5
22.5
37.5
34
30.5
27
23.5
37.5
21.43%

850
-2.5
12.5
27.5
42.5
39
35.5
32
42.5
14.29%

950
-12.5
2.5
17.5
32.5
47.5
44
40.5
47.5
10.71%

1050
-22.5
-7.5
7.5
22.5
37.5
52.5
49
52.5
14.29%

1150
-32.5
-17.5
-2.5
12.5
27.5
42.5
57.5
57.5
17.9%

-4.64
9.04
20.07
27.14
31.57
34.02
33.82
43.57

. 231

max , .
. , 43.6 . .
, ,
.
, .

,
1050 . . 34.02 . .

, , .
,
.
,
,
.
,
(. 227) (. 232) .

872.6 202.2.
,
550
650
750
850
950
1050
1150
.

8.9%
10.8% 16.3% 19.4% 18.2% 13.4% 13.0%
. 232

, ,
, , .


6.1.

6.1.

250 (-
, . ).
$50 .
$60 .
, ,
8
- 2.5 .

, - , 5 %. :
a. .
b. .
#
6.2.


- 90
2800 . (- ,
.). 14% .
10000
. , ,
75
- 9 .

- , 4 %. :
a. .
b. .
#
6.3.


,
.
50 .
$ 10.1
- $ 250

.., ..

445

25
33 %
1

25 750
- 95%
a. .
b. .
c. , 25 .
d.
?
e. $ 50
5000 , ?

?
#
6.4.


15,6 . 300 ,
90 . $31,20,
.
$0,10 .
a. , 99% .
b. ,
50%.
, ?
c.
?
d.
?
#
6.5.


100 000 -

. 12

1229 1417 931 1122 840 1430 1216 780 1150 836 838 1297
150 /. ..
,
15 000 ( 4 ).
10000 ., ..

. 30 /.
.
a. ,
? ?

24% ,
, , ?
.
b. ,
5%.
,
30 ?
#
6.6.

-
-,
, - /
9000 .. - 1000 /
10 . -
18
20
16
32
31
31
22
24
26
30
4 . ,
,
,
1000 .. 1 100 ..
200 ..
/.
a.
, 60%.
b. / ,
2 .,
1%?
#
6.7.


,
243 360 311 250 473 161 523 408 569 602 486 618 247
,
( , ).
, 9 ., 8 . . .
6 21 000 .
, 4000 .
,
, , ,
.
, ,
20% , , ,
, , 13 ,
,
,
3%.
a. ?
?

.., ..

447

(
).
b. ,
.
?
#
6.8.


, 364 ,
Diverger $27.
14 :
308 337 307 287 302 251 321 298 333 346 277 254 256 323
, ,
.
1300
. , ,
$500, 20 . $17.
,

,
18% . ,
.
a. ?
, .
b.
2%.
c. ,
.
#
6.9.


- 7 , 365
. 10W40 20
. - $ 0.50 .
- $ 10. - .
- .
a. ,
. . :
, .
b. ,
.
6.15
. 99.5
( ) .
, .
Qo a.
c. :
#

6.10.


5000
. $3
. , $10,
20% .
. 100
( ), 24
.
145
78
53
64
72
91
127
147
68
58
119
121
85
81
87
131
102
95
79
132
142
120
107
111

a. ,
,
95% ,
.
b. ?
c. ?
d.
?
?
e. 50%?
#
6.11.

,
.
,
. :

3 650
$50
- 25%
1 - $30
- 5
- 30%
- 300
30 :
10
7
14
13
11
15
17
4
5
4
3
13
21
7
9
19
12
7
19
4
5
21
18
18
22
7
15
14
21
10

a. ,
(ROP).
b. ,
, EOQ,

.., ..

449

, , ,
- ?
#
6.12.

365 .
Mobil_1 .
, 1750 1.5 2 ,
. -
.
3
10 17 24
1
8
15 22 29
9
16 23 30
7
14 21 28
4
449
408
419
349
352
466
283
463
475

5
11
450

12
18
290

19
25
379

26
2
485

3
9
470

10
16
285

17
23
408

24
30
420

-, ,
.
1500 . 2300 . .
999 1000,
100%- .
-, , , 4000 .,
, - .
, ,
20% .
a.
. ?
b. ,
,
3 .
8 .
1 125 ., ,
4 .
: ,
.
#
6.13.



.
, ,

. ,
20 3,
.


,
..
.
1800 . 1 3 (
).

, .. ,
.
, -
().
1200 3
,

.

3
,

.
1
1
1800
. 2
3
1750
, ,
4
5
1700
30 3
6
19
1650
,
20
1600
, .
30 3. -,
,
10 (
).
a. , .
,
50% .
b.
12
.
3 .

22

24

24

19

22

11

19

26

12

16

24

20

c. ,
?
#
6.14.


, 364 ,
$28 ( $17). 13
:

470

370

511

489

293

508

367

406

464

293

422

392

352

, ,
.
1800
. ,
, $700, ,
15 .

.., ..

451

,
,
14% .
.
a. ?
, .
b.
3%.
c. ,
.
#
6.15.


1500 - AV
250 .
$7, ()
$8 ($5
$3
). 10 .
8 .
a.
.

.
b. , EOQ,
.
#
6.16.


RM
:
100
$ 50
100 999
$ 49
1 000
$ 48
, - $ 40. 3 .
,
25 % .
12 :
360
205
242
215
223
332
180
197
221
264
215
376
a. 1000 3
. ?
b. ?
?
c. 99.9
%, ?
d. ?
#

6.17.


, 6 ,

50 . .
12 , ,
:
260 239 239 326 284 284 338 269 324 247 243 315
4000
. 3000.
( 30 . ), ,

.
1. (10 ),
10 .
3 .
a. ,
. ,

- 15% ?
b. , 3%.
,
.
.
?
#
6.18.

, , 3000 .
1500 ..

11% ,
4%
2%
.
21000 ..
12.6
5 .
.
43 3 .
a. ?
?
b.
?
c. ,
5%, 1%, 0.1%?

?
d. 5%,
1%, 0.1%?

.., ..

453

e. ,

, 99% (99,5%,
99,9%).
#
6.19.


,
.
185
50 .
, , 10 . .,
2 . .,
3 .
a. ,
95% ?
?
b. ,
99%?
c. , 1000 .,

?
,
95% 99.99%.
##
6.20.



.
,
2000 .
(800 ) ,
.
. 99%
. ,
25 .
a. ?
?
b. , ,
, ,
21,5 .
. ,
? ,
?
c.
,
( ) 24
. . ,

. ,
99% ,
(..
8 ( 8=14-6 ) ).
#
6.21.

247
183
333
259
337

260 179 204 335 176 171 194 199 182 170 210
258 326 231 203 315 326 239 262 326 240 255
175 226 234 193 275 256 283 262 254 291 163
314 257 180 222 296 308 261 233 213 251 220
336 281 268
- 25 $, .
0.95 $ .
a. ?
b. 99%,
?
c. ?
, ,
96%?
d. , 50
. ?
e.
94%. , .
#
6.22.



90 . . -
, ,
3000 . ,
40 . .
3000. ,
. 2
.
? , 12000 .,
120% .
a. 100 ,
40 150 .
b. .
c. ,
5% .
d. ?
.

.., ..

455

#
6.23.


,
, ,
.
Michelin, XW 185 * 14 BSW.
: - $ 35 ;
- 4 ; - $20 .
36 :
12
6
9
12
8
10
10
10
3
8
8
8
6
13
10
5
3
9
7
10
7
9
4
5
13
9
10
13
8
6
6
8
8
5
6
10

350 . ,
15 %.
, ,
, 99.9 %.
a.
. , , Michelin
8-9 , ,
. - ?
b.
. ?
c. ?
, ,

?
#
6.24.


.
,
. 7300 .
, , 4500 .

, .
.
,
, ,
.
, ,
, -
13 . , ,
.
, ,
. , :

8.3 , 40%,
9.4 ;
17.3 , 30%,
6.27 ;
27.7 , 20%,
3.7 ;
34 , 15%,
2.6 ;
, , 42 ,
10%, 1.6 .
, .
9000 . .

, , 4500
. ,
, ,
,

.
a. ,

.
b.
?
c.
, ( ,
, )?
, ,
?
d.
. ( )
.
?
e. , ,
60 . .?
: d
z2
1
exp( ) z ) , SL
E ( z ) S L (
2
2
.
#

.., ..

457

6.2.

6.25.

RC-Computers
RC, ,
Foreman PC
ASUSTeK. .


4 . RC 250
100 .

, , 99,5%.
a. -
, 500 -.
,
700 ?
b. ,
60% ,
$100.
#
6.26.

-
- .
.
3 .
- 150
30 .

0,5%.
,
. ,
500 . ?
#
6.27.


,
99.7% .
14 .
. ( )
5000 . 365 .
10

.
:
14
13
8
7
16
19
14
13
14
20
14
14
9
13
14
16
22
13
18
15
8

30
10
10
18

20
9
6

12
15
17

a. , 150
. ?
b.
?
c. 20%?
?
#
6.28.


, 364 ,
Diverger $49.
14 :
308 337 307 287 302 251 321 298 333 346 277 254 256 323
, ,
.
1300
. , ,
$500, 20 . $27.
,

,
18% .
.
a.
98%. ,
1300 . ?
b.
? ? ?
c. ?
d. ,
?
#
6.29.



Gamma Hydra City .
.
GHC
150 /.
56 (365 ),
14 .
99%.

.., ..

459

a. ,
230 ?
b. ,
- ?
c. . $1600,
60%,
?
.
?
#
6.30.



, 99
.

( ):
432 401 351 460 432 324 476 299 410 386 390 368 388
419 494 364 467 371 394 429 415 489 391 446 407 416
12 $.
365 .
.
7 , 2 .
228 .
a. ? ?
b. , , ,

( ).
128 . ,
?
#
6.31.


,
, 1 .
10 . , 5000 . - 5 . 365
.
a. ,
140 ? -
0.5%.
b. ,
.

.
5000
5 .
.

? 150
?
#
6.32.


,
, ,
( , ).
, 9 ., 8 . . .
6 16 000 .
, 6
300 . ( ).
, ,
. , MBA
, ,
, .
,
24% .
,
14 (. ).

318 377 354 367 242 202 228 351 323 391 340 198 290 327
a. , ?
, , ?

?
b. , ,
, .
,
.
?
c. ,
600 ,
?
d. (
) ,
?
#
6.33.

-
, , A,
B, C, D, E. 12
.

.., ..

461

A
B
C
D
E

1200 435 475 547 542 488 528 534 539 493 517 450 452
700
230 214 156 173 197 232 266 122 161 188 245 216
3000 120 152 81
6
88 61 121 151 61 176 100 83
4000
60 89 94
8 109 21 49 31 46 42 126 45
500
861 833 1002 911 816 628 963 885 680 921 863 837
,
30% . , ,
5000 . 10
.
a.
.
b. ,
.
, ,
5000 .
.

?
c. ,
.

, .

2%, , 10%,
5%.
?
200 . A, 120 . B, 150 . C, 50 .
D 200 . E.
, ? , .
d. ,

?
,
.
THss SS*H,
SS.
#

6.34.

-
-
.
.
-
, ,
.
, ,

. , -
, -
.
- ,
, ,
,
50%.

,
. , ,
,
.
, ,
9 (
) .

, .
, ,
,

.

.
9
26 .

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

1
509
254
299
213
36
98
599
525
96
2
564
258
229
194
71
95
588
406
71
3
489
307
251
208
35
98
606
459
65
4
675
295
127
157
54
90
627
503
101
5
537
264
215
211
44
91
618
337
67
6
390
304
180
258
41
105
580
331
75
7
542
308
214
196
52
91
556
517
67
8
423
297
189
211
41
130
586
433
46
9
527
305
213
210
46
84
617
383
92
10
518
299
161
238
58
82
630
448
63
11
576
309
196
230
58
107
602
278
50
12
548
274
144
302
50
101
507
326
39
13
416
312
112
229
59
107
617
467
68
14
473
316
158
222
55
99
603
209
77
15
566
235
218
153
55
82
500
383
37
16
538
301
136
223
59
103
562
432
51
17
432
315
237
218
63
100
601
434
77
18
549
324
163
239
41
85
596
394
67
19
393
248
193
195
52
103
640
328
41
20
484
317
136
179
42
89
606
393
64

.., ..

21
22
23
24
25
26

549
413
477
515
483
686

325
304
272
294
312
303

463
231
194
192
159
172
179

205
185
171
204
193
240

58
52
55
59
44
47

99
92
87
105
103
105

649
556
688
533
652
551

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. 260


.
.
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,
(. 261).
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B
=
1
2
3
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4
300
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8
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9
10
11

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D
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.
=
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300
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600
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60
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120
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700
60
90
120
150
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210
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. 261

, , , 600 ,
0,15 $20 . 0,25 $60 .,
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102 . 500 .
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B
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=
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3
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11

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=
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10
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=
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300
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180
10
50
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120

700
60
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210
210
0.05
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200
300
400
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600
700

0.1
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. 264

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1

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.

EMV.

Excel
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(. 266).

A
B
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=
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3
4
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5
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9
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10

11

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0.3

D
E
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=
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300
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500
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60
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210
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EMV
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82
92
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72
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. 266 EMV
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B
1
=
2
3
4
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5
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8
600
9
700
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11

C
0.3

D
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=
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300
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700
60
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210
210
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60
86
104
114
114
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134

. 267 EMV

, (. 267)
EMV (114 .) 500, 600 .
(. 266) EMV (92 .)
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(. 263) -0,3 (. 268).
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B
=
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2
3
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4
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400
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700
9

10
11
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0.3

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=
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700
60
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81
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78
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. 268

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11
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13

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=
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50
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14
15
16
17
18 ()
19
20

200
200
300
400
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600
700

C
0.3

300
0
10
20
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120
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10

700
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150
120
90
60
30
0

EMV
60
84
98
102
98
90
120
400
18
.

150
120
90
60
40
50

. 269


.
( )
( C10:H10)
C4:H9. C15 =C$10-C4
C15:H20 (. 211).

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513

7.-2.



, c p .
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. (. 271)
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. 271

(. 272).

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,

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272). ,

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).
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.
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5), P(Si/Ij)
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MS-Excel, . 273.

. 273
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3%.
.
274.

. 274 .

, ,
,
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MS-Excel, . 275.

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) E21:E22 MSExcel, . 275.
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. 276.

. 276

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!

.., ..

519

7.1.



.
.
,
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- 500
750
1000 1250 1500 1750
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-


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7.5.



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7.10.

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7.11.



.
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($2000).
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7.13.

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10
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7.14.


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7.15.

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7.16.


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7.17.

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7.18.


2
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7.19.


FMG-
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7.20.



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30:50:20 . ,
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10
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7.21.


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7.22.

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7.23.

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7.24.


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7.25.



- .
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(-) 21
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7.26.

21

Executive MBA
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125.
2.41

a. -701: , ; -150: , ; -80:
, ; -40: , ; -100: , ;
1500: , . : , ,
.
b. 62 .
c. 19 .
2.42
(-)
a. 68 .
2.43

a. 1 1 (2.87 ) 2 (2.44 ),
2 - 1 (0.67 ) 8 (4 ), 3 - 6 ( 0.619 ) 10 (
4 ), 4 - 3 (0.51 ), 6 (0.61 ) 9 (3.25 ), 5 1 (0.465 ) 3 (3.49 ), 6 2 (1.56
), 7 - 7 (2.8 ) 9 (0.75 ), 8 - 5 (4 ) 7
(1.2 ).
b. .
2.44

a. - 12 434 .

.., ..

637

3.1


a. BDIQR. 56 .
b. 46 .
c. 3 4 .

3.2


a. . 174 ( 35
).
b. . 102 ( 20 ).
c. 370.25 . .
d. 347 . .

3.3

.
a. BFIMQST. -62
.
b. 12 . 193 .

3.4

3.5

007
b.
:
2-8-10-11-12-16-18-19-24-25-26-28-29-30-31.
93 .

3.6


a. CEHN, 60 .
b. 84 .

3.7


a. 65 . 109 .
b. 7 .

3.8

-
a. 59
b. . 68
c. D Q.

3.9

a.
b.
c.
d.


ACEMTS BGHPQR, 55 .
180%, 160%
68 .
. B, C, F -2 . , A -3 .

3.10
!
a. 50 .

3.11

a. 61 .
b. 65 .
c. 60 .
3.12

a. 74 .
b. 128 .
c. 6-7 .
3.13

SHARON CONSTRUCTION

.., ..


4.1


a. 100 .
b. 500 . $220.

4.2

500 ., 4 , $ 37 435.

4.3


6 000 ., 2 , - $ 22 746.

4.4


Q: 1000 . 1.2 . - $345 210.

4.5

a.
b.
c.
d.


S=40 ., h=20%;
116 .;
260 .;
35 , 3 908 2 814 .

4.6

-
a. 065.59 .
b. Q.= 2000 . 16 , - $6 000, TS - $ 6 400.

4.7


a. EOQ 909.24 .
b. ROP 391.5 .
c. EBQ 500.63 .

4.8


a. TH = $811 111, TS = $45 000.
b. TH = $191 017, TS = $191 083. N = 63.7
c. ROP = 7326 .

4.9

a. EOQ= 1274.74; Q.= 1225; ROP= 824.
b. EOQ= 790.57; Q.= 790; ROP= 392.
4.10
-
a. SYSCOM. Q.= 10080 ., = 10 155 834 .
b. CARDINAL. Q.= 6048 ., = 10 117 348 .
4.11

a. -150 . - 1 247 325 .
b. : 3 + 1 , - 1 250 834 .

639

4.12
-
b. . Q = 200 , 20 ,
$78 451.
4.13

a. 2 9000 . 1 2000 .
b. $180 277.
4.14

a. EOQ 3063.8 .;
b. Q.= 3660 . 12 , TH - 6.86 . ., TS 4.8
. ., - 231.67 . .
c. 198 . ., 33,67 . . ,
- ~1.5 .
d. - 202.9 . . .
e. - 199.7 . . 198 .
4.15

a. TH = 20 000 . , TS = 1240 ., T = 21 240 .
b. EOQ = 249 ., Qreal = 250 . T = 9 960 .
4.16

- (-)
, $15 778.6
.

.., ..

641

5.1

MemoBlink
a. : : , ,
1500, -750; : , ,
300, -150; , 400,
, 500; : 200,
300. - $701 000.
b. , a. :
$919 000.

5.2

- (-)
a. - 88 969.00 .

5.3


a. , $2 335 886.
b. $421 000.
c. $500 000 $2 302 246.
$435 500.

5.4


a. - 78 436.50 .

5.5


a. 268 062 500.

5.6


a. 7. 45 000 .

5.7


a.
5 : , 1150 ., , 950 .,
, 1025 ., -1330 ., 1570 .
$24 313.

5.8


a. 526 . 420 .
.

6.1

a. EOQ= 24.49
b. 16

6.2


a. EOQ = 234.74, Q.=235.
b. ROP= 90.76, 15.76.

6.3


a. EOP = 1965.42; Q. = 1980 . ROP = 515.
b. Q.= 1980 . TH = $3 299.67, TS = $3 251.26.

6.4

a.
b.
c.
d.

ROP = 1381.2
98.16%
1.57
96.9%

6.5

a. . . EOQ- 2461.37 .; Q.=


2600 ., 106 490.8., 5.
$226 233.
b. ROP 1465.15 .

6.6

-
a. EOQ 10.4. Q.=10 57 900... 224 100 ..
.
b. 20.76 .

6.7


a. EOQ = 10247. Q.= 10500 =$16 400,
$10 400. ROP = 599.7

6.8


a. $1 989. EOQ=2582.39 .
$1 935.29, Q. = 2600 7.85 .
b. ROP 1 653.7 .

.., ..

6.9

643


a. EOP = 540, ROP = 280.
b. ROP = 298.72, 18.7.

6.10
a.
b.
c.
d.


EOQ = 408.2 .
ROP = 288.4
12; 7.6
96.7%.

6.11

a. EOQ = 201.4; ROP = 69.9.


b. 2 .
6.12

a. EOQ = 2593.545. Q.=2600 8 ,


$26 952.58.
b. ROP = 225.97 .
6.13

a. .
b. 55 3.
6.14

a. $2 520. EOQ= 3 267.11 . $1 640.8, Q.= 3558 .
6 .
b. 1077.72 .
6.15

a. ~15%,
99.12%, ~311 .
b. ~146 .
6.16

a. Q = 1000 = $151 561.2; Q = 140 =
$150 193.21. .
b. EOQ=140.67, Q.= 140, $1 367.99
c. ROP = 308.93
d. $1 643
6.17

a. EOQ = 4411.95 . , $125.
b. ROP = 484 .; 3 ROP =962.42 .
$166.4,
$441.2. ,
.
6.18

a. EOQ = 702.94 .
b. dL = 541.80 .; Sx=50.04 .

6.19

a. 310 ,
603 . 97 558 .
b. 244 377 . 122 .
c. 99.2%,
131 .
6.20

a. ROP = 16554.5, 3 554.
b. 95%; 50.2%.
c. 4649.3
6.21
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

823 .;
1095.5 .;
$100.1; $ 83.4;
97.47%;
-15.6 ., 56%. .

6.22

3 , Q. = 2117.
6.23

a. EOQ = 147.57. Q.= 150
$5 601-$6 392. 19
b. $42.95
6.24

a. SS = 34 .
b. Psl=99.6%
6.25
RC-Computers
a. 773 .
b. $28 489.14
6.26

-
754.45

6.27

a. 209 .
b. 6.6%
6.28

a. Q=947 .
b. 7989 . 6978 .
c. 2 .
6.29

a. 1626 .

.., ..

645

b. 1855.8
c. 2 ; $19 282; 3 .
6.30

a. - 253 ., ~1%.
b. 7.5%
6.31

a. 242 .
6.32

a. EOQ = 2108.2 ., 4 554 . Q.=
2000 ., 4 560. Q=2667 .
4 680 .
b. 16.7%.
c. 2878 .
d. ( )
~59%.
6.33
-
a. A 408 . (25 ), B 338 . (51 ), C 115 .
(35 ), D 77 . (39 ), E 825 .(30 )
b. N= 25 . 538 530 .
293 200 .
c. . A 276 ., B 88 ., C 0
., D 51 ., E 679.
d. 654 508 . 475 594 .
6.34
-
a. 13 7.69%
: 2 181 ., 1 202, 582, 785, 188, 423, 2 332,
1 725 280 . .
b. 28%, 0.55%.
c. ~10 .

6.35

a. 594 .
b. - $6 129 .
6.36
-
a. 2 545 .
b. 23 677 . .
6.37

a. 168.3 .
b. 9 546 . .

6.38


Q = 1000.2
$1 865

6.39

a. 4- - 94 .;
b. - $221 145.

6.40

a. 4191 , - 2270.1 .
b. 4228 ,
2282.9 .
6.41

a. 2426 .
b. 45 136 .
c. 4 026 .
6.42

a. 117 12 125 ..
b. 12 951 ..
6.43

a.
200 40.3 .
b. 210 . 26 108
.
6.44

a. - 148.36 ..
b. 1.463 . .
6.45

a. b. 23.64 . .
c. = 25%
6.46
a.
b.
c.
d.


= 50%.
1.95 ..
4.54 . . .
(0.932 .)
98 . . . (0.587 .)
112.6 . 10%
119.7 .

.., ..

647


7.1


a. - 1250 ,
- $27 500.
b. 500 ,
1500 1750 .
c. 1000 ,
$61 875.

7.2


a. 100 , 300
, EMV= $29 500 . 400
.
b. $15 700.

7.3

a. . EMV = -$1 440.


b. . EMV = -$1 286.

7.4

-
a. 600 ., EMV = $17 500.
b. c. - $3 100.

7.5


a. 35 (EMV = $757.5),
30 , EMV= $753.75
b. 20 , 40 ,
35 .

7.6

a. 70 .
b. . 15.71 .
.
c. 40 , 60
70 , 70 .

7.7


10 (EMV= 36.15).

7.8


5-14 ,
30 33 , EMV = $93 350 ( 27) 25-29
, 35 -40 .

7.9


a. 100 , EMV = $315.

b. . $110.
c. 100 , EMV = $295. .
7.10

950 ,
, $2632.
7.11

a. 11 .
b. $10 600.
c. 10 , 11
.
d. . - $1 700,
.
7.12

a. $7 202 8 .
b. $1858.
7.13
-
a. 50 . .
b. $100 . 20 .
( $613 .)
c. 1 . $20 ., 10
. $100 ., 20 . 50 . $300 .
7.14

a. 30 . .
b. EMV - 1 514 000 .
7.15

a. 17 19 . $14 700 ( 9-12%).
b. $4 548, ..
.
7.16


84% (28%)

7.17

a. . EMV = $145 .,
$50 .
b. EMV $163 .
c. EMV $72.5 .
EMV $130.25 .
7.18

a. (EMV= $44 .).
b. 72% 28% .
c. $48 200.

.., ..

649

7.19

a. (EMV= $2.25 .).
- $0.5 .
b. $2.475 .
7.20

a. - 47 ,
- $4 200, : Q = 104 .,
P = $46 819 : Q = 170 ., P = $154 042.
EMV= $55 478
b. 104 . - $32 807.
c. 98.5 . - $37 341.
7.21

a. - 33.3 ,
- $583, : Q = 94.1 .,
P = $20 032 : Q = 157.6 ., P = $78 410.
EMV= $35 601.
b. 94 . - $27 171.
c. 109.2 . - $28 179.
d. - $29 407.
7.22
CD-
a. $99. EMV= $2.94 .
b. $910 .
7.23

-
EMV=20 ., .
40 .

7.24


,
EMV= $21.6 .
7.25

a. B (EMV = 964 407); A - EMV= 728 814.
b. (EMV = 1 727 273); B - EMV= 1 463 636.
7.26

a. EMV 46 .
b. EMV 35 .
7.27


EMV =$6.75 ., EMV
=$5 ., EMV =$6.5 .

7.28


, - $237 872.
.

7.29
LCD-
a. ( 37 857 143).
b. ( 41 250 000).
7.30

" "
.
EMV= $53 138 .

7.31


$281 600,
- $288 000.
$714 ., $345 600.
EMV= $378 ., EMV=
$481.6 . EMV= $914 .,
EMV= $884.8 .
74.57%

7.32

7.33

. EMV = $8 700.

7.34


$257 200,
- $439 200.
$476 340, $531 470.
$713 200, - $643 077.
$995 600,
$778 123.
.
EMV= $1 295 600.
37.9%

7.35
-
a. b. : 1 5 .,
2 3 ., 1 6 ., 2 2 .,
1 ., F 0 ., W 3 .
$48,46 .
7.36



$550 .
7.37
-
a. ($812 .)
b. ~52.4%

.., ..

651

7.38

a. EMV = $2.43 .
b. 400 800
.
1200 , (EMV = -$2.7 ., EMV
= -$2.6 .
c. p1200=79%. p1500=83.2%
7.39

a. , EMV=$13.74
.
b.
( ).
$8.7 . $17.5 .
c. . EMV=$13.62 .
7.40


. ,
. $161 000,
$133 100.

7.41
.
a. EMV $802 .
b. $429.6 ., - $223.44
., - $149.0 .
c. 51.8%.
7.42

a. - $182 268.
4-
- $144 889.
b. - $327 157 (
).

8.1


a. ABILNST, 91.8 .
b. 44%.
c. 98 .

8.2

a.
b.
c.
d.
8.3


ADFIHJ, 51.8 .
1.5%.
55.5%
61 .


a. BLSMG, 50.5 .
b. 11%.
c. 57 , 59 .

.., ..

653

9.1

a.
b.
c.
d.


0.86
4.3
19%
9.75%

9.2


a. 2.89 .
b. 0.481 .
c. 11.1%

9.3


a. 0.3333 .
b. 0.6667 .
c. 2 .

9.4

a.
b.
c.
d.
9.5


a. - 33.3%,
11.1%.
b. 1.33 , - 8 .
c. 1.07 ,
3.2 .

9.6

a.
b.
c.
d.


16
3.2
, ~$71.2 .
$1.66.

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.


3.788 .
1.09 .
9.09%
1.84 .
14.7%; 3.4%

9.7

9.8

1.5 , 15 .
60%
21.6%
6.6

a. 80 .

b.
c.
d.
e.
9.9

2 .
13.2%.
33.33%.
67.5 , 1.875 , , 25%
.


a. 4 .
b. 76.9, 73.7.

9.10

a. 5, - $24.63.
9.11

a. 4.95 .
b. 4.125 .
c. 12.6%.
9.12
95
a. 4.17.
b. 25 .
c. 16.7%.
9.13


, ,
$43.5, 4- , $42.7, 3 $40.5.

9.14
.
a. b. 31.64%, 2.88%
c. .
9.15
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.


9.17 .
10 .
75%
9.1%
.

9.16

a. 3; $16.82 .
b. 21.82 .
9.17

a. 33%., 20
b. 1.33 ., 14.8%
c. .

.., ..

655

9.18

a. 4; $17.15 .
b. 17.12 .
9.19

a. 1.48 ., 5.93 ., 19.3 .
b. 18.6%, 32.2%, 49.2%
c. 48.2%
9.20

a. 16
b. 13.44 ., 6.37%, 20.63%
c. 7.28%, 8.03%
9.21

a. 1.528 , 1.528 ., 4.528 .
b. 1.265 ., 11.53
c. 6.86 ., 22.725
9.22

a. 4.64 .
b. 10, . 2 873.29 .
9.23
a.
b.
c.
d.

P =31%.
18.6 . P =2.91%.
, $77.9 $64.9.
$86.6 . 24.7
.

9.24
-
a. 12
b. 4
9.25
a.
b.
c.
d.

(-)
. =200 . Pb=0,03035 ( 3% ).
8 Pb= 0,36229 ( 435 6 ).
14 .
.

9.26
a.
b.
c.
d.

-
9 , 6 .
784 . .
5 6 ( 674 ./
69%.

9.27

a. 0.29
b. .

9.28

a. 16.22 .
b. 3.64
9.29

a. .
b. 7.
9.30

a. 7.
b. 5.22 .
c. 18%.
9.31
a.
b.
c.
d.

; 0.59
$520.87
5.
14%

9.32

a. 42
b. 48.75%
c. 12.53%
9.33

a. 4 .
b. 12.37
c. 27%
9.34

a. , : =0.925,
=4.573 (
==( ; ;0) ).
b. 1.825
c. - 0.52 . 16.8% (
).
d. 30.64%
9.35

a. - 8.27 - , - $248.09 .
7.1% .
b. 10 ( $198.94).
37.7% .

.., ..

657

(Sensitivity analysis)


. ,
(

)
.

()

(Binary variables)

,
0 1.
-,
..
,
,

, .

(Activity-on-nodes
diagram)

,
,

.
() .


(Slack time)

,

,
.
.

.


(Lead Time) -

(Dual problem)


,
. ,

.

.

.., ..

659


(Gantt chart)

,
,
, ,
,

.
.

()
(Feasible solution) -

,

.

(Assignment
Problem) -

.

,


.


(Ordering Costs,
Setup Costs)


. ,
, ,
, .
.

(Holding Costs) -


. %
,
.
,
, ..
.

(Range of optimality,
Range of feasibility)

(Critcial activity)

,

, ,

.
,

.
,

.


(Critical path)


.

,
.

(Linear
Programming)-


.

,
, ..
(
) .


(Northwest coner
method)

CPM
(Critical Path Method)
-

()

(Reduced Cost)

,
MS-Excel,
.
. ,
,
0.

(Constraints) -


,
,


.


(Initial Feasible
Solution)


,
1.

.



- ).

.
-
.
,

.

.., ..

661

()
(Optimal solution) -

,


.

(Sensitivity Report)

,
,

,
.


(Parameters)

,
,
,
.

, ,

(Decision variables) -

(
).

(Solver)

MS-Excel,
(
) .
200.
()
2 ( ). ,
100 .

(Fixed-Charge
Problem)

,
, ..

.

()
.


(Network diagram,
PERT chart)-


.

-
.

(Project Scheduling)
-


.
( ),
,
()


,
,

.

(Simplex) -

,

.

-
(Simplex algrithm)-



. .
1947 . (
)
.

(Activity-on-arrows
diagram)

,
,
.
-
,
(),
.


(Shadow price) -

,

.
, .

(Transportation
Problem) -

.

,
,

.

.., ..

663

()
(Dummy source,
destination)

,

( ).
,
( ), (
) ,
( ) . ,

. ,

, .


(Objective function)-


,
.

( )

(Integer
Programming)


:
.
, . ,
,

.

(Stepping-stone
method)


(Economic Order
Quantity)


.
,
,
, .