Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 599

M i c r o s o f t

D
R

O
V

W
E

S
R

-, 2006


Microsoft Windows Server 2003.
. .: , 2006. 608 : .
.. , ..
ISBN 5-94387-174-8



Windows Server 2003. ,
, ,
. ,
. , .
,
. , ,
, . Active Directory,
,
.
.
.

:
(812) 567-70-25, 567-70-26
(044)516-38-66
www.nit.com.ru

9795943
ISBN

, , 2006
, ,

871749

5-94387174-8

, 2006
..

Copyright Computer Press 2004.


Mistrovsti v Microsoft Windows Server 2003 by Petr Setka. ISBN: 80-251 -0036-7. All right reserved.
OOO
198097, -, . , 29
27.11.2005. 70 100 1/,6.
. . 38 . .
5 000 . 446


190005, , ., 29


1.
1.1. , , ?
1.2.


Windows Server 2003 ?



,
1.3. -


1.4.

( -)



1.5.

2. -
2.1. ?
2.2.
2.2.1.






2.2.2.




2.2.3.
2.3. -




2.4.


2.5.
Product Key

IP-

UDF
2.6.
2.7.

21
22
24
24
25
27
27
28
29
29
35
36
37
37
37
38
38
38
40

41
43
43
43
43
43
44
44
44
45
45
45
46
46
46
47
48
56
56
58
58
58
59
62
63
63
64
64
64
64
66
67

Windows Server 2003


.
3.1. ?
3.2. ?
3.2.1. NetBEUI

NetBEUI
3.2.2. TCP/IP
3.2.3. NWLink
3.3. TCP/IP
IP-
IP-
IP-
IP-

3.4. TCP/IP
Microsoft
Microsoft
3.5. TCP/IP
3.5.1.

IP-
IP- . . .
IP- ?

IP

3.5.2. TCP/IP
3.5.3. TCP/IP -
3.6.
3.6.1. TCP/IP
IPCONFIG
PING
3.6.2.
3.7. TCP/IP. TCP/IP 6 (IPv6)
3.8.

4.
4.1.
4.1.1.
4.1.2.


4.1.3.
4.2.
4.2.1.



4.2.2.
4.2.3.
4.3.



4.4.

67
70
71
72
72
72
73
74
75
75
76
77
78
78
79
80
81
81
81
82
82
82
82
82
83
83
84
86
88
88
88
89
91
93
95

96
97
98
99
101
101
102
103
103
103
104
105
105
106
106
107
107
108
109


4.5.
5. .
5.1.
5.2.
5.3.
5.4.

6.
6.1.
6.2.
6.3.
6.4.

6.5.

6.6.
6.7.
6.8.
6.9.


NetBIOS-


.'
6.4.1.
NetBIOS

6.4.2.
NetBIOS


6.5.1.
6.5.2. NetBIOS
6.5.3.

DNS
NetBIOS
NetBIOS
DNS
DNS
DNS
6.8.1. DNS SRVR001
6.8.2. DNS

7. Active Directory.
7.1. (Active Directory)
7.2.
?
?
7.3.
7.4. Active Directory
7.5. Active Directory
7.6.
7.6.1.
7.6.2.
7.7. ?

?
7.8.

DNS
7.9. Active Directory
7.9.1.
7.9.2.

110
111
113
114
115
116

116
118
120
121
122
122
123
124
124
125
126
127
127
127
129
129
130
130
131
131
132
132
135
136
137

139
140
141
141
142
142
143
144
145
145
145
146
146
147
148
148
148
149
149
152

Windows Server 2003


7.9.3.
7.9.4.
7.9.5.
7.10.

DNS



8. (WINS DHCP)
8.1.


8.1.1. Windows XP Professional

8 . 1 . 2 . W i n d o w s N T4 . 0
8.2. WINS
8.2.1. WINS
8.2.2. WINS
W I N S
WINS:
:
( WINS)
8.3. DHCP: IP-
8.3.1.
8.3.2. IP

()
8.4. DHCP
8.4.1. DHCP
8.4.2. DHCP

DHCP
DHCP Active Directory
8.4.3.
8.4.4.
8.4.5.
8.5. DHCP
:
8.5.1. IP- DHCP
Windows 9 Windows NT
Windows 98 Windows 2000
Windows XP Windows Server 2003
8.5.2.
8.5.3. DHCP
()

8.6.

154
155
155
157
157
158

160
161
162
163
164
,164
165
165
165
167
168
168
169
169
169
170
170
171
172
173
174
177
178
179
179
180
180
180
181
181
182
182

182
182

9. .

184

9.1.
9.2.
9.2.1.
9.2.2.
9.2.3.

185
186
186
188
188
189
190



9.2.4.


9.2.5.
9.2.6.
9.3.
9.4. ?
9.5.

."

10.

191
191
192
192
193
193
194
: .. 194
196

198

10.1.
199
10.1.1. . NTFS
200
NTFS
200
NTFS
202
NTFS
203
10.1.2.
203
?. . . 203

204
10.1.3.
205
10.2.
205
10.2.1.
206
10.2.2.
206
10.3. ?
207
10.4.
.
208

1 1 .
11.1.
11.1.1. Active Directory
11.1.2.

Windows Server 2003
Windows Server 2000
11.1.3.
11.1.4.
11.1.5.
11.2.
11.2.1.
11.2.2. ( A G DL )
11.2.3.
A G P
A G U DL P
A G LP
11.3.
11.3.1.
11.3.2.
11.3.3. .




11.4.

208
210
211
211
211
213
213
214
214
215
216
216
216
218
218
218
218
219
219
220
221
222
223
224
224

Windows Server 2003


12.
12.1.
12.1.1.
12.1.2.


12.1.3.


12.1.4. NTFS



A G DL
12.1.5.
12.2.
12.3.
12.4.
12.5.

13.
13.1.
13.2.



13.3.
13.4.
13.4.1.
13.4.2.
13.4.3.
Windows XP Professional
Windows 2000 Professional
13.5.
13.5.1.







13.5.2.



13.5.3.
13.5.4.


13.6.



13.7.
10

226
227
228
229
230
230
231
231
232
233
233
235
235
236
237
237
238
239
240

239
242
243
243
243
244
245
247
247
248
249
249
250
250
251
251
251
252
252
252
252
253
253
254
254
256
256
257
257
257
258
258
258


14. .
14.1.
14.1.1.
14.1.2.
14.1.3.


14.1.4.
14.1.5.
14.1.6.
14.2.
14.3.
14.3.1.
14.3.2.
14.4. :
14.5. , ?
14.5.1. ?
14.5.2. .
14.5.3. .



14.6.

260
261
262
262
263
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
269
272
273
275
275
276

15. ?

280

15.1.
15.1.1.
15.1.2.
15.2.
15.2.1.
15.2.2.
15.3.
(Microsoft Management Console)




15.4.
15.5.
15.5.1.
15.5.2. ?
15.5.3.
15.5.4. Windows XP Professional
15.5.5.
15.5.6.


15.6.
:

16. ?
16.1.

277
277
278
278

282
282
282
283
283
284
284
284
285
286
287
288
288
289
290
292
292
293
293
294
294

296
297
298
298
11

Windows Server 2003






16.2.
16.2.1.


16.2.2.




16.3.
16.3.1.


16.3.2.



16.4.




16.5. ?
16.5.1. 1 ( + )



16.5.2. 2 ( + )



16.5.3.
16.5.4. Active Directory
Active Directory
( )
Active Directory
16.6.



16.7.

17. .

17.1. .

?



17.2. Active Directory
17.3.
12

298
298
298
299
299
299
299
300
300
300
301
301
302
302
302
302
302
302
303
304
304
305
305
308
308
309
309
310
312
312
312
313
313
314
314
315
316
316
317

317
318
319
320
321
321
322

324
326
326
326
329
329
330
332


17.3.1. ?
17.3.2. ,


17.3.3. ?


17.3.4.


17.4. , . . . .
17.4.1.
17.4.2.
17.4.3.
17.5.
17.6. .
17.7.

17.8.
17.9.
17.10.

18.
18.1. ?
18.2.

-

CD-ROM
18.3.
18.4. . ?
18.5.
18.5.1. ?


18.5.2.
18.5.3. ?


18.5.4. ?
18.5.5. ?
18.6. MSI
18.7. Microsoft Office 2003
18.7.1. Office 2003
18.7.2. Office 2003.
Office 2003 Resource Kit
18.7.3. Office 2003
18.7.4. InstallApp
18.7.5. MST

Outlook

Outlook, Word Excel

Outlook, Word, Excel Access

Word
18.7.6.

332
333
333
334
335
335
336
336
336
338
339
340
341
341
342
344
345
346
347
349

350
351
352
352
352
353
353
353
353
354
354
355
355
355
356
356
357
357
358
358
359
359
360
361
362
362
363
366
367
368
368
13

Windows Server 2003



Outlook

Outlook, Word Excel

Word



Outlook


18.7.7.


(, DLL)
18.8.
18.9.






18.10.

19.
19.1.
19.1.1.
19.1.2.
19.2.
19.2.1.
19.3.

RIS
19.4. Active Directory
19.4.1. Active Directory
19.5.
19.5.1.
19.5.2. . . .
19.5.3.
19.5.4. ..
19.6.
19.6.1. -
19.6.2.
19.6.3.
19.7.
19.7.1. ,
19.7.2. ,
19.8. . .
19.9.
19.9.1. -
19.9.2.
19.9.3.


14

368
370
371
372
373
373
374
375
375
375
376
376
377
377
377
377
378
378
378
378
378
379

381
383
383
384
385
387
388
388
388
389
390
391
392
392
394
395
396
396
397
398
398
398
399
400
400
400
401
401
401


19.10.
Windows Server 2003 Windows 2000 Server
19.11.

20. Service Pack

402
403

404

20.1. SP
406
20.1.1.
407
20.1.2.
408
20.1.3.
408

408
. . 408

409

410
SMS
411

411
20.2.
411

412

412

413
20.3.
414
20.4.
415
20.4.1. Risetup
415
20.4.2. Riprep
415
20.5. SP Office
415
20.5.1.
416
20.5.2.
416

416

416

417

417

417
20.5.3.
417
20.6.
418
20.7. Office
419
20.8.
419

2 1 . .
()
21.1.
21.1.1.
21.1.2. ?
21.1.3.
21.1.4.



21.1.5.

?
21.1.6.


21.1.7.
21.1.8.
21.1.9.

421
422
423
423
425
425
425
426
427
428
428
430
430
430
431
431
432
432
15

Windows Server 2003


21.1.10. ,
21.2.

21.2.1. ?
21.2.2. ?
21.2.3. ?
21.3.
21.4.

22. .
22.1.
Microsoft?
?


22.2. EFS
22.2.1.



22.2.3. , EFS
22.2.4.
22.2.5.


22.3. ( Windows XP/2003)
Windows 2000/2003




22.4.
22.5.
22.6.
22.7.


.

22.8.

23.
23.1.
23.1.1.
23.1.2. NTFS
NTFS
NTFS
23.1.3.
23.1.4.
23.1.5.


23.1.6.
23.2.
16

432
433
434
435
436
437
437

439
440
440
442
442
443
443
444
444
444
445
446
446
447
447
448
449
451
451
453
454
457
458
460
461
462
462
462
. 464
465
465

467
468
469
470
470
470
470
471
471
472
472
472
474

23.3.

23.4.

23.5.
23.6.

23.2.1.
23.2.2.





DFS




SRVR002
23.4.1.
23.4.2.

23.4.3. SRVR001

24.
24.1.
24.1.1. ?
24.1.2.
24.1.3. Active Directory
24.2. - ?
24.3.
24.3.1.
24.3.2.
24.4.

?



24.5. ,
24.5.1. RAID-1,
?


24.5.2. RAID-5
RAID 5
RAID-5
RAID 5
24.6.

25.
25.1.
25.2.
25.3.
25.4.
25.5.

?


Windows?

25.5.1. .

474
474
475
475
476
476
477
477
479
480
481
481
482
483
485
485

487
488
489
490
492
492
493
493
494
494
495
497
497
498
499
499
500
500
500
501
502
503
503
503
504

506
507
508
509
509
510
511
511
512
17

Windows Server 2003


25.5.2.
25.5.3.
25.5.4.
25.5.5.
25.5.6.


?
DHCP-
DNS

-
.
,
25.5.7.
25.6.
25.6.1.
25.6.2.
25.6.3.
-
IP-

25.6.4.
25.6.5.
25.7.
26. .

26.1. , , ?
26.2.
26.2.1.
26.2.2. (VPN)
26.3.
26.3.1.


Active Directory
26.3.2. (VPN)


IP- DNS, WINS
,


?








?

26.4.

27.
27.1. ?
27.1.1.
27.1.2.
18

513
514
514
515
518
519
521
522
522
523
524
526
526
527
527
528
529
529

531
532
533
533
534
536
537
537
538
539
539
540
542
543
545
545
; . . . . 545
545
546
547
547
548
549
550
551
551
553
554
555
555

557
558
559
559


27.2. ?
27.3. ?
27.3.1.
27.3.2.

27.3.3.
27.3.4.
27.3.5.
27.4.
27.4.1. DNS
27.4.2. DHCP
27.4.3. WINS
27.4.4.
27.5.
27.6. ?
27.6.1.



27.6.2. Active Directory



SRVR003
27.6.3. DNS
DNS
IP SRVR003

27.6.4. WINS
WINS
27.6.5. DHCP

DHCP Active Directory
DHCP

DHCP
27.6.6.

27.7.

560
561
561
562
563
564
564
565
566
566
567
568
569
569
569
570
572
572
574
575
575
576
576
577
577
577
577
578
578
578
579
579
580
580
581
582
582
583
583

28.
28.1. ?
28.2.
28.2.1.
28.2.2.
28.3. SMTP
28.3.1.
28.3.2. SMTP
study.com

28.3.3. SMTP
28.4.
28.5.

585

586
587
587
588
589
589
590
590
591
591
597
599

19

,, ?

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERER 2003



, ( ).
, , . (),
,
.
, ,
.
, CD-ROM
. ,

. . ,
.

1.1. , , ?
,
. , ,
,
.

22

1.

, ? ,
? ,
? ,
?
.
: , ,
( to serve ).
.
:
, ,
( ). ,
? .
, . ,
. , ,
.
, . ,
, .
() .
, , ,
. ,
( ),
. , , ,
, ,
.
,
.
,
. , ,

.
, , . .,
.
.
,
, , .

23

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

1.2.
:
?

?
?
?
?

.
, . , ,
, , ,
.
,
,
?

100,
.
.
,
. ,

.

, .
, . , ,
:

24

( ).
.
.
.
.
.
DNS.
WINS.
DHCP.

1.

.
-.
FTP.
NNTP.
(RIS).
.

.

- , - . ,
, . , ,
,
.
:

( ).
.
.
DNS.
DHCP.
.

,
.
,
.
.
| , .
,
.


Windows Server 2 0 0 3 ?

Windows Server 2003


. 1.1.

25

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


1.1

Windows Server 2003


Windows Server 2003,


Web Edition

. -,
,

Windows Server 2003,


Standard Edition

Windows Server 2003,


Enterprize Edition

Windows Server 2003,


Datacenter Edition

,
.

(. 1.2).
Windows Server 2003

1.2

Windows Server 2003, Web Edition

CPU 133 ( 550 ), 128


RAM ( 256 ), 1.5
.
2 RAM
2

Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition

CPU 133 ( 550 ), 128


RAM ( 256 ), 1.5
.
4 RAM
4

Windows Server 2003, Enterprize Edition

CPU 133 ( 733 ), 128


RAM ( 256 ), 1.5
.
32 RAM
8

Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition

CPU 400 ( 733 ), 512


RAM ( 1 ), 1.5 .
64 RAM
32

Windows Server 2003,


Standard Edition: ,
, , Windows Server 2003 Enterprize Edition,
.

.

Windows Server 2003 - Microsoft
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2003/evaluation/choosing/.

26

1.


, , ,
, .
, ,
1.5 .
Service Pack: 1 .
, - .
,
,
, ..
5 .
,
( ).
, ,
, .
. 1
.
. , ,
30 , 40
, ,
.

, ,
, .

.

.
: ,
. , :
,
.
(, )
.

27

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



.

,
( , RAID-5).
. ,
,
.
, : , , .

.

.
, ,
-

:
:, D: :.
:.
,
. , ,
.

Microsoft:
, - .
Windows Server 2003 ,
Windows XP Professional ( Windows 2000 Server
Windows Professional 2000).

, , CD-ROM. To
,
.

28

1.
,
,
.
, , , ,
, .
, :
, .
.
Product Key ( ,
CD-ROM).
.
.
, .

.

1.3.
-
,
.
CD-ROM
Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition .
.
,
. ,
.
() ,
MUI (Multilingual User Interface) . ,
,

.
.
.

1. BIOS :
CD-ROM.
.

29

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


BIOS, . ,
.
2. CD-ROM - Windows Server 2003 .
3. .
, BIOS.
- ,
, .
4. Windows Server 2003 Setup (
Windows).
5. Welcome To Setup ( )
Enter.
6. Windows Licensing Agreement (
Windows) F8
.
.
F8
, ,
Esc.

7. ( ) . ,
,
, Enter.
8. Create a Partition ( ) .
, 10240 ( 10 ). ,
, .
, . Enter.
9.
:. , :
Enter.
10. , . ,
Format in NTFS File System (Quick) (
NTFS ())
. , Format in

30

1.

NTFS File System (


NTFS). (bad)
.
Windows
Server 2003.
11. , .
12. Regional and Language Options ( ) (. . 1.1) (, , )
Next ().
13. Personalize Your Software ( ) (. . 1.2) ,
, Next ().
.

. HKEY_
LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWABE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion.
,
.

Regional and Language Options


You can customize Windows fot diftefent regions and language
Regional and Language Options aliovv you to change the way numbers, dates
currencies and tile time are displayed You can a!so add suup^t fot additional
languages, and shange your location setting.
The Standards and fcemats Jetting is set to Russian, and the location is set to
change tfiese settings, click Customize.

input Languages alfow jipu \Q entei texl


a variety of input nwthods1 and devices.

Customize
different languages, using

I'out delaulueHi input language and method is: Russian keyboard iayout
wew or changeyouf current configuiafion, click Details,

- ' '

.''>} $. I

1.1.
31

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

Personalize Youi SoHwae


i
Setup uses thetfilormationyou provd
i e about yoursetl to personazile your Wn
idows
, i-;*j Type your Ml name and the name of you company or organzjato
ir

. 1.2.

14. Product Key ( ) (. . 1.3)


Next
().
15. Licensing Modes ( )
, , .
, ,
Next (). ,
.
.

.
.

,
, , .
Microsoft
http://www.microsoft.cora/windowsserver2003/howtobuy/licensing.

16. Computer Name And Administrator Password


( ) (, SRVR001) (,

32

1.

. 1.3. Product Key

K@l!na ,
). Next ().
.
( ) ,
, .
, : ,
() ,
.
.

17. Date And Time Settings ( ) (. .1.4) ,


. Next ().
18. Network Settings ( ) (. 1.5)
Custom settings ( )
Next ().
19. Networking Components ( ) Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) (
(TCP/IP)), Properties ().
20. Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) (
(TCP/IP)) Properties () (. . 1.6)
IP 192.168.10.2 255.255.255.0. 2 . 446

33

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

Date and Tm
i e Settings
Set the correct date and tm
i e for your Wn
idows computer.

. 1.4.

Networking Settings
Installing network software alows you to connect to other computers, networks,
and the Internet
Choose whethei to use typical or custom $ettogs
Typical settings
e? nelwpik connecto
i ns usn
i g the CSent tor Microsoft Networks, Fie
and Bint Shjns Microsoft Netwotks, arct the TCFVIP trensport
:
protocol wkh automatic addressing-

Custom settings
Allows you to menualy configute networkbg component.

. 1.5.

34

1.

.
Next ().
21. Workgroup Or Computer Domain (
)
(.. No, this computer is not on a network, or is on
a network without a domain. Make this computer a member of a group:
WORKGROUP
)
Next ().
Windows
internet proiutol (ICP/IP) Properties
0 Dynamc
i
Update
0 Preparn
ig
instalation

You can get IP setn


i gs assg
ined automatc
i *^ if your network supports
this capabB
i ty. Otherwsie, you need to; ask your netwt^k admn
isitrator
for the appropra
ite IP setn
i gs. : . '_<.'.
:,-.
* obtain an IP address automatu
~f* Use the following IP address:~
IP address:
| 255 . 255 . 255 . 0

Subnet mask:

Setup wil compe


lte

Default gateway;
( -\<*nXU,"
*7

%x ab ***

A /t < ,

Use the following ONS server addresses:--

Preferred DNS server:


Altemate DNS server;

. 1.6. IP

. .

Windows Server 2003 ,
. ,
Windows Server 2003 (Hardware Compatibility List),
h t t p : //www.microsoft. com/hcl. ,
. 35

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


\
* ->
SRVR001
Computer
-4+ Diskdrives
- Display adapters
j j DVD/CD-ROM drives
[i; - ^ Floppy disk controllers
(J *$ Floppy disk drives
$ IDE ATA/ATAPI controllers
IJ-'. Keyboards
- * ^ Mice and other pointing devices
f Monitors
ffi Network adapters
^ Other devices

i
'- 'p, Sound Eiaster 16
l|l J * Ports (COM & LPT)
^ f t Processors

Ij: %f Sound, video and game controllers


ft System devices

. 1.7. ,

,
,
, .
, ,
, .
. .
30 ,
. Windows Server 2003
.
.


Windows Server 2003 ,
Windows (WPA, Windows Product Activation).
, Microsoft ,
.
Product Key 25 . Windows Server 2003
. -

36

1.

, , Product Key
, Microsoft Clearinghouse. , Microsoft Product Key
, (, )
. , Microsoft Clearinghouse
42 ,
. ,
.
. . 50
, .
.
:
, ,
.
.
- , ,
.

1.4.
Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000,
, .

-.
:
, .
, ,
.
,
, 1.5 .
( -)
. ,

37

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, ,
.
: ,
.
,
.

:
. , ,
. ,
.
.
-
SYSPREP ( ),
(, )
.
. , Microsoft
.
.

, 19. Windows Server
2003 ,
. Windows 2000 Server
Windows 2000 Professional.


,
MUI (Multilingual User Interface) .
, MUI
m u i s e t u p . e x e . (. 1.8).

38

1.
*i
Wn
idows Multilngual user Interface Pack
Weclome to Wn
idows MuMn
teual User Interface Peck Instalato
in
Before n
i staln
i g this package, werecommendthat you co
l se all othei
appc
ilato
i ns. .- ..: .
: . . :J. : ; >'.
Pe
lase read the foo
l wn
i g: c
i erae ageiement. Press the PAGE DOWN
key to see the lest of the agreement To conn
tiue wtih Setup, you
ust
: m
accept the agreement.
.:

SUPPLEMENTAL END USER LC


IENSE AGREEMENT
M
C
IROSOFT MULT-L
IANGUAGE USER N
I TERFACE FOB
W
N
IDOWS SERVER 2003
PLEASE READ THS
I SUPPLEMENTAL END-USER
LC
I ENSE AGREEMENT ("SUPaEMENTAL EULA")
CAREfULLY. BY N
I STALLN
I G OR USN
I G THE
SOFTWAE
fi THAT ACCOMPAN
E
IS THS
I SUPPLEMENTAL
EUA
I.YOUAGFE
IETOTHE TERMS OF THS
I
SUPPLEMENTAL IUIAF
IYOUDONOT AGRE.D
iO
NOT N
I STALL OR USE THE:SOf TWARE
5

'^!^1!

1.8. MUI.

Continue
(). (.
1.9).

Iroial tarauages fa menus id dialog


I ^elecl the languages you Want to initaB on the system, Qeat the

:
- Default uset seitings
-;;-:
-
tec'tonguageloi 'M det^uD -j?ei arid r^w met >;

j ^ _

j tJatch the l^iguage for non-Unicode programs wfth (he default user
language.
. :.. :
.....
:.
"

it

J ' J <

1.9.
39

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, , .
,
(Control Panel), Regional and Language Options,
Languages
. .
.

1.5.
, . , , ,
, -.
. , -,
Windows Server 2003, Standard
Edition. Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition. ,
- -,
Windows Server 2003, Web Edition.

,
. ,
( , , ..), ( ).
. -,
, ,
, .


SRVR001.

40

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003



. , ,
.
,

.
, - .
,
( -), ,
.
, , ,
, ,
.
, . -,
, . -,
, ,
.

, .

42

2. -

2.1. ?
,
. ,
.
, , ,
, , IP-
DHCP-.
, .
Windows XP Professional Windows 2000 Professional.
- : ,

, . ,
, ,

10 . ,
.

2.2.
2.2.1.
, , . , .

Windows XP Professional
Pentium II 233 ( 300 ).
Windows 2000 Professional Pentium 133 .

Windows XP Professional 64 RAM (
128 ). Windows 2000 Professional 32 RAM ( 64 ).

43

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



Windows XP Professional 1.5
, Windows
2000 Professional 1 . ,
Windows Service
Pack (
).

,
? ,
. , (HCL,
Hardware Compatibility List), h t t p : / / w w w . m i c r o s o f t .
com/hcl. ,
,
.
- , ,
. :
. (
) .
.
.
, , ,
.



. ?

. ,
,
: .

, , , , ,
. ,

- .

44

2. -

,
.
, .


.
,
(,
) RAID
/ .
, : .
.
,
( ) . , .
.

: D:. : 10
: Microsoft Office, , .
D:, ,
, ,
, . ,
Adobe Photoshop ,
, .

2.2.2.
- : FAT, FAT32
NTFS. , .


( multi-boot, ), ,
,

45

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, .
. , MS DOS FAT16,
FAT32 NTFS.


. , ,
32 , ,
NTFS. Windows XP Professional Windows 2000 Professional FAT32, 32 , .
- FAT32 32 ,
Windows 98 Windows Millennium Edition Format, .

,
,
NTFS. FAT .

, ,
, (Junction Points),
NTFS.
, , 2.1.
Windows XP Professional
Windows 2000 Professional

2.1

NTFS

FAT32

FAT16

: 16
(264) 1 ;
: 16
( 2 ) 64

4 (2 3 2 )
1

4 (2 3 2 )
1

: 2 64
1 ;
: 2 32
1
(256 64 )

: 32

4 294 967 295


(2 32 1 )

4 177 920

65 536

65 534 (
)

512 (
)

46

2. -

, ,
Windows XP Professional ( Windows 2000 Professional),
NTFS.

2.2.3.
:
, .
.
.
.
Windows XP Professional
Administrator ().

Product Key (, ,
CD-ROM).
, Microsoft,
.
. .
, ,
.
( Administrator
).
.
,
.
, .
, Windows XP Professional .

.
,
() , MUI (Multilingual
User Interface) .

47

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

2.3. -
,
.
-
Windows XP Professional .
1. BIOS ( -)
:
CD-ROM.
.
BIOS, . ,
.
2. CD-ROM - Windows XP Professional .
3. .
, BIOS.
- ,
, .
4. Windows XP Professional Setup ( Windows XP
Professional).
5. Setup Welcome (
), Enter.

. 2.1. Windows XP Professional


48

2. -

6. Licensing Agreement ( Windows ) (. . 2.2) F8 .

END-USER LICENSE fiGREEttfcHT FOR H1CR0S0I SOFTUftBE


W1NDOUS PROFESSlONftL EM f t OH SEJWiCK PflCK 2

IMPORTANT- CftHEFi.ll.LV:

T h i s End-Usei* L i c e n s e p*ef$ent '") I s a lejral a y r


b e t w e e n you < e i t h e a " an i n d i v i d u a l o r s i n g l e e n t i e y > a
M i c r o s o f t ; C o r p o r a t i o n o r *me of i t s : a f f i l i a t e s CltUuros
for' t h e M i c r o s o f t fteftwai-o t h a t acconpaniar. t l v i s ..
i n c l u d e s c o n p u t e t * oftwai*e * i n c l u d e a s s o c i a t e d , s^
p r i n t e d ptate^ials, " o n l i n e " or electi*ofiic deevnentatlort
I(5tei"fc-bayed ^ e r v i c e y " S o f t war "> . fftt ejwndneftt i*
a d d c n d t m to t h i s EtfLH n^i? acttenpany the S o f t w a r e .
yotl AGREE TO BE BOUND BV K i t iiRMS OF THIS
EULfi BV INSTftLUNG, COPYING, OR OTHERU1S
USING THE 8-. I F VOU BO NOT AGREE,
f)0 HOT 16*. - USE 1HE SOFTUHRE;
0 JifiV RETURN IT TO VOUR I*Lflf.E OF
FOR ft FULL KEFONH), I F ftPPLICftBLE.

1, GRANT OP LICENSE.
flici*osof t gran ts you t
you conply ultli all t.e
t.-iClniatallotion and
display 4and run on
cofiputei , such as
device Olforkstat i-

t-iyhts provided t h a t
t d i t i e n c of t h i s EULft:
ou n.iy

install,

of the Softwar
o r k s t a t i o n , termin

. 2.2. Windows

7. ( ) . ,
.

. 2.3.
49

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


8. Create a Partition ( ) .
: 10240 ( 10 ).
D:.

. 2.4.

9.
:. , :
Enter.

. 2.5. , Windows XP Professional


50

2. -

10. , . ,
Format in NTFS File System (Quick) (
NTFS ())
. , Format in
NTFS File System (
NTFS). (bad)
.
Windows XP
Professional.
.
^EE=M

|
, a Windows 2000 Professional,
.

11. , .

. 2.6.
Windows Professional
51

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


12. Regional and Language Options (
) (. . 2.7) (, , )
Next ().

Rego
i nal and Language Opto
i ns
You can customzie Wn
idows XP for dfierent regbns and a
lnguages.
Rego
inal and Language Opo
tins ao
ilwyou to change the way numbers, dates,
curence
is and the m
ti e are dsipa
lyed You can aslo add support (or addtional
a
lnguages, and change your o
l cato
i n setn
i g.
The Standards and formats setn
i g is let to Engfeh (Untied States), and the
kcafon is set to Untied States
:
To change these setn
i gs, crc
i k Customzie:
Text Input Languages ao
l w you to enter tent in many dfierent a
lnguages, usn
ig
a vare
i ty of n
i put meh
tods and devc
ies, :
- :',:.
\ our defautl text n
i put alnguage and meh
tod is; US keyboard a
lyout
To ve
i wof changeyouf curent confg
i urato
i n, click Detas
li., Oetarsi.

. 2.7.

13. Product Key ( ) (. . 2.8)


Next
().
14. Personalize software ( ) (. . 2.9)
,
.
15. Computer Name And Administrator Password
( ) (. . 2.10) (, 001)
. Next ()
.
16. Date And Time Settings ( ) ,
. Next () .
17. Networking Settings ( )
Custom Settings ( )
Next ().
52

2. -

Your Pioducl Key


Your Pioduct Key unq
i ueyl identifies youi copy of Wn
i dows XP
Pe
l ase see you* Lc
i ense Agreement At!
i
:
e ticense
pioduct key. Fofn^eWoimetitJnseeyoui
'pfodu
packagn
i g.
,':: /: .'."
" ..
Type the vou
l me Ic^ise Pioducl Key beo
lw

. 2.8. Product Key

Personalize Youi Software


Setup uses the n
i formato
i n you piovide about yourself to peisonalize yout Wn
i dow
XP software.

. 2.9.

53

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

Compute! Name and Administrator Password


You must provd
i e a name and an Admn
i sitrate! password for your computer
Setup has suggested a namefatyour computer If your computer is on
netv*3ki , your network admn
i sitrator can tell you what name to use
Setup creates a user account carted Admn
i sitrator. You use this account when
you need full access to your computer. ; ' '
Type an Admmtstratot password
Admn
isitrator password- !
Conrfim password

. 2.10.

18. Networking Components ( ) Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) (


(TCP/IP)), Properties ().
19. Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) ( (TCP/IP)) Properties () (. . 2.11)
IP- 192.168.10.17 255.255.255.0.
.
Next ().
.
IP- 192.168.10.17 .
, 3,
TCP/IP .

20. Workgroup Or Computer Domain (


)
(.. No, this computer is not on a network, or is on
a network without a domain. Make this computer a member of a group:
WORKGROUP
)
Next ().
. .

54

2. -

You can get IP setings assg


i ned automatc
i aly if your network supports
thiscspsbility. Oiheiwise, you need to ask you! network adiwistrator For
the appropra
i te IP settings.
; ; ; .
Obtain an IP address automatically
Use the fotowre IP address::^
iPatMress-Subnet mask;
Default gateway:

i* Use the foSoWn


ig DNS server addresses:
Preferred DNS server:
Alemate DNS server

. 2.11. IP

. 2 . 1 2 .
Windows XP Professional
55

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



Windows XP Professional Administrator () My
Computer ( ) .
Properties ().
System Properties ( )
Hardware () Device Manager
( ).
(. . 2.13).
i

001
^ DVD CD-ROM
IDE /1

^
***
,

*j|
^ U

U56


( LPT)



-
- IEEE 1391

. 2.13.


, , .
Update Driver (
). ,
.

.

,
,
MUI (Multilingual User Interface) .
, MUI

56

2. -
Windows XP Multilingual User Interface Pack
Wec
l ome to Wn
i dows XP Multilngual User Interface Pack Instalation.
Before installing this package, we recommend that you close ad other
applications.
Please read the following license agreement. Press the PAGE DOWN
key to See the rest of the agreement- T continue with Setup, you must
accept the agreement.
SUPPLEMENTAL END USER LICENSE AGREEMENT FOR
MICROSOFT SOFTWARE (""Supplemental EULA")

MPORTANT: READ CAREFULLY - The Microsoft


operating system components accompanying this Supplemental
E

"

'

"

"

"

"

"

'

"

"

"

"

s -

. 2.14. MUI.

m u i s e t u p . e x e . .
Continue (). (. . 2.15).
Wn
i dows XP Multilingual User interface Pack
install languages for menus and dialogs
--Select the languages you want to install on the system Cleat the
checkboxes to remove languages.

?I X

Default user settings

-
Select a language for the default user and new user accounts.
Match the language fb( non-Unicode programs with the default user
language
Matcti the default shell Ul lonl with the defaultuserlanguage.
OK

Cancel

. 2.15.
57

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, , .
, Control Panel ( ), Regional and Language Options,
Languages
. .
.


, . .
, .
,
, .



CMD.
Windows XP Professional.
PING IP- , (PING
192.168.10.2). ( ,
),
(PING SRVR001), .
.
,
, . - , , .

2.4.

, Windows XP Professional 45 .
, : , .
, ,

58

2. -

? ,
?
Windows XP Professional Windows 2000 Professional
. .
-
, .
. , . ,
, ,
-.
, Microsoft
.
.
, ,
, .


, , Windows XP Professional.
:
1. : DEPLOY.
2. CD-ROM
Windows XP Professional. Support \
t o o l s DEPLOY (, DEPLOY.CAB,

). 10 .
.
,
>
.

3. Ctrl+A 10
- .
4. C:\DEPLOY,
.
5. .

59

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


6. : \DEPLOY\Setupmgr. exe. Windows,
, . , .
7.
.
8. .
9. Windows XP Professional
.
10. (. 2.16) .


,
.
'
;

(*
,
.

"
.
, .

,
.
, .

. 2,16.

11. - .
12. .

. F8 .
13. , .
.

60

2. -
.
. Windows XP Professional , .

14. ,
.
: , ,
Windows XP Professional
.
.
15. .
16. Product Key Product Key
- .
17. (002) .
.
18. (4e4etk@)

. .
19. ,
(TCP/IP) . IP 192.168.10.18 255.255.255.0. .

(TCP/IP). .
20.
.
21. .
22.
.
23. Cyrillic ()
.
24. ,
( -).
25. Windows.
.
26. .
27. .
28.
Windows

61

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, .
: \DEPLOY\unattend. t x t . .
29. .
.
: \DEPLOY\unattend. t x t , .
, . ,

. u n a t t e n d . t x t
u n a t t e n d . b a t . , .
.
Windows 2000 Professional ,
, Product Key, .
, ,
: [ U s e r D a t a ] ,
,
ProductlD=12345-12345-12345-12345-12345(pa3yMeeTCfl,
).

.
, Deploy.
chm .


, Windows XP Professional
. :
, , ,
?
, ( Windows XP
Professional ) : , BIOS CD-ROM. -
- .
:
1. BIOS
:

62

2. -
CD-ROM.

.
.
2. u n a t t e n d . t x t WINNT.SIF
( ) . ,
,
WINNT.SIF , A:\WINNT.SIF.
3. , CD-ROM
Windows XP Professional
.
- -, , ,
WINNT.SIF. ,
. ,
.
.

2.5.

Windows XP Professional, ,
( , , Product Key
IP-).
?
,
.
, .
.
P r o d u c t Key


Windows XP Professional, ,
Product Key.
30
. Product Key
.
Windows XP Professional no
Microsoft,

63

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

Product Key.
.

, .
,
.
IP-
, IP- .
, IP- DHCP.

, .
, IP- DNS, -
Internet Explorer, ,
.

.
? UDF (Uniqueness Database File).
UDF

! -.
, -
, .
1.
Windows XP Professional.
1386 -.
.
2. MS DOS.
3. 1
.
4. MS DOS

net use.

64

2. -
.
MS DOS -
Windows NT 4.0 Server.

.
, ,
, ()
UDF.
UDF , ,
[UniquelDs]
, ,
.
UDF : 003 004.
, , IP-, 003
(70Hz) (32 ).
[UniquelDs]
03=UserData,Display,params.MS_TCPIP.Adapterl
PC004=UserData,params.MS_TCPIP.Adapterl
[PC003:UserData]
CoinputerName=PC003
[PC003:Display]
Vrefresh=70
BitsPerPel=32
[PC003:params.MS_TCPIP.Adapterl]
IPAddress=192.168.10.19
[PC004:UserData]
ComputerName=PC004
[PC004:params.MS_TCPIP.Adapterl]
IPAddress=192.168.10.20

UDF .
003 , ,
,
UDF ( , UDF,
).
u n a t t e n d . t x t , UDF
u n a t t e n d . u d f , .
WINNT.EXE :
WINNT.EXE

3 . 446

/u:a:\

unattend.txt

/ udf:,:\

unattend.udf

65

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


004 :
WINNT.EXE / : : \ u n a t t e n d . t x t / u d f : 0 0 4 , : \

unattend.udf

, , , 100 : , .
- 100 .
:

MS-DOS, 1 (;
FAT) , ,
: (1 FAT) D: ( , NTFS)?
,
:, NTFS.
, [ U n a t t e n d e d ]
:
FileSystem=ConvertNTFS
, ExtendOEMPartition=l
, DOS,
NTFS, .

2.6.
Windows XP
Professional . , (Product Key)
,
.
Windows XP Professional
, Open License Select License, :
Product Key.
( ) .
, :
1. .
-,

66

2. -

[Proxy]

HTTP_Proxy_Server = h t t p : / / p r o x y s e r v e r : p o r t
Proxy_Enable = 1
ProxyOverride = l o c a l ,
p r o x y s e r v e r ,
-, a p o r t .
2. , : [Unattended]

AutoActive = Yes
3. U n a t t e n d S w i t c h :
[Unattended]
UnattendedSwitch = Yes
.
,
. , , ,
, .

2.7.
, .
,
. , - ,
, , ,
.
-,
WINNT.SIF
, -
.

UDF.
. UDF ,
-

67

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, .
.
30 (
). .

-, PING .

68

,
TCP/IP

TCP/IP.
TCP/IP 6 (IPv6)

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003


,
. , ,
, ,
, ,
. , ,
.
().
, ..
. ,
.
.

3.1. ?
, , , , ,
, ,
.
, , -, , -, ,
.

70

3.

. ,
, , .
- , ,
. ,

.
, , .
, .
Windows .
, , :
. .
:

?
?
?
?

3.2. ?
Windows XP Professional Windows
Server 2003 .
( ),
. ,
.
,
, , ,

. .

, , .
.
- ,
. , Windows 2000.

71

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


3.2.1. N e t B E U I

NetBEUI (NetBIOS Extended User Interface)
, Microsoft
1993 . ,
LAN (Local Area Network). ,
.
NetBEUI
. ,

.
, , .
, NetBEUI Windows
,
.
NetBEUI Windows
Professional .

(. 3.1).
: NetBEUI , ,
. -
CD-ROM Windows XP Professional.

NetBEUI
Windows XP Professional
:
1. - Windows XP Professional E:\VAULEADD\
MSFT\NET\NETBEUI ( : CD ROM,
-).
2. NBF.SYS % S Y S T E M R O O T % : \
S Y S T E M 3 2 \ D R I V E R S , N E T N B F . I N F
%SYSTEMROOT%\INF.
3. .
NetBEUI.

72

3.

, ,
.
, ' ".


/1! Protocol
1 Microsof! TCP/IP version
%xf Network Monitor Driver
SjNWLink IFWSFX/NelBIOS Compatible Transport Protocol t >
^ Reliable Multicast Protocol
,
- -

'' . 5 .

...,.I.SC~;J: ! [
. 3.1. NetBEUI

.
INF
WINDOWS,
.

.

NetBEUI,
, , . ,
( ) , , NetBEUI .

, NetBEUI,
. ,
NetBEUI.
.

3.2.2. TCP/IP
1970
ARPANET, . UNIX
.

.
.

73

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


Windows, Windows 2000, TCP/IP .
, , , .
NetBEUI TCP/IP .
.
,
:
, ,
.
IP,
, ,
TCP/IP, .
, (
). ,
TCP/IP ,
,
.
.
TCP/IP . ,
( ,
). , TCP/IP,
.
.
TCP/IP .
TCP/IP , .
. ,
TCP/IP ( ),
ICMP, IGMP, IP, TCP, HTTP, FTP, SMTP, SNMP, POP3, IMAP4
NNTP. TCP/IP , ,
, .

TCP/IP, (
).

3.2.3. NWLink
Novell Novell
NetWare, IPX/SPX (Internetwork Packet Exchange/Sequenced Packet

74

3.

Exchange). , , .
Windows
Microsoft
NetWare Novell.
, NetWare, Windows, Novell.
Microsoft :
, NetBEUI ,
NetWare IPX/SPX?
IPX/SPX, Windows
2000 Microsoft NWLink.
Novell NetWare .
NWLink,
, , .
, , , . Windows
,
,
TCP/IP. , ,

. TCP/IP ,
,
.

.. TCP/IP
, ,
, , - . ,
:
.
, - , .
IP-,
, .
IP-
, IP-, -

75

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


. IP- 32- ,
( ), .
IP-:
1.2.3.4
102.13.16.237
216.254.1.18
IP- :
1. (,
0).
.
2.
(, 255).
(broadcasting)
.
3. 0 255:
256 .
4. IP-
.
, . , ,
.
, , , TCP/IP.
IP- 0.0.0.0
255.255.255.255, 232 2 = 4 294 967 294.
, , ,
.
, , IP-
? , , :
,
.

IP-
, IP, ,
Windows 2000.
, IP-.

76

3.

, , IANA
(Internet Assigned Numbers Authority),
IP- , :
10.0.0.0 10.255.255.255
172.16.0.0 172.31.255.255
192.168.0.0 192.168.255.255
,
.
,
-. :
.

, : , -
(Network Address Translation, NAT).
,
,
.
,
,
. 256 , 254
(,
)
65024 .
(, ) .
. , 192.168.10.0/24
192.168.10.1 192.168.10.254.
IP-
,
IP-, . ,
, .
111.112.113.114 170.180.190.200. ,
- : ,
IP-, .
, , ,
.

77

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, , . , :
, .
.
,
,
. ,
.

IP-
, ,
, . , ,
, (NAT),
. , - , : ,
(, - Microsoft),
,
.
- : , , ? ?
.
,
.
, ,
. ,
, -, , . ?

32- , IP-
4 8 . IP- ,
,
, ,
.
. (
, 192)

78

3.

255.255.255.0. ,
11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000. IP-
:
11000000.10101000.00001010.00000001 IP- (192.168.10.1)
11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000 (255.255.255.0)
IP-, ,
, ,
, () . (192.168.10.2,192.168.10.3 ..) ,
(, 192.168.10.1
192.168.11.1) .
3.3.2 192.168.10.0/24.
?
, , : IP- , , ,
. .
11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000
24. /24 255.255.255.0 CIDR (Classless InterDomain Routing).
.
.
, ,
, . , 255.255.255.192,
11000000,
62 (64-2, ,
) .

255.255.0.0
255.0.0.0. .

3.4. TCP/IP
TCP/IP Windows 2000
.
TCP/IP
(. 3.2).

79

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



.
.
Microsoft
Microsoft , ,
Microsoft. ,

, ..
.
, Microsoft.
Novell NetWare,
NWLink NetWare.
Microsoft . , , (Remote Procedure
Call). Windows XP Professional
Windows, .

" ' " '

"

'

"

; I J
^:

:.'

Intel 21140-Based PCI Fast Ethernet Adapter (Generic}

.. .

'! ; :
D J Network Load Balancing
^Fi!e and Pnntet Sharing foi Microsoft Networks
SB V" Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
,., j
^""

~~~",'

i ^crto8^
I Mtaosoft.

"
'

' 1

. 3.2.
Windows XP Professional
80

3.

, , ;
. aMdeweioro ,
^ " ". .- .
..'.:..,

/
t Service for W

-...

. 3.3. NetWare

Microsoft

Microsoft. ,
, ,
( ). : Microsoft
Microsoft
.
Microsoft
Windows XP Professional .
Windows XP Professional
: (TCP/IP), Microsoft,
Microsoft.

3.5. TCP/IP
3.5.1.
TCP/IP . :

?
IP- ?
IP- ?
IP- ?
81

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


?
IP ( DNS, WINS,
..)?
?

. 192.168.10.0/24.
254 ,
255.255.255.0.

.
, (, )
,
, 254
.

IP-
. .
,
. IP-
192.168.10.2 192.168.10.11.
IP-
.
192.168.10.12 192.168.10.16.
IP- ?
192.168.10.17 192.168.10.254 . ,
238 .

, ,
() .
82

3.

,
.
, , ,
.
IP-.
192.168.10.1.
IP

IP. IP- ( )
DNS, ( ) WINS, ,
..
.

IP- 254
. 192.168.10.0 , . 192.168.10.255
(broadcast) , ,
. TCP/IP Windows,
. , IP-
, ,
238 . ,
DHCP. ,
,
. TCP/IP , , .
.
8 .
IP- .
TCP/IP.
.

83

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

3.5.2. TCP/IP
,
. ( , ),
(, ), -
(, -: WWW, FTP,
NNTP ..), (,

) , , , ,
.
,
( DHPS, DNS, WINS ).
-
, IP- , -
IP- , .
IP- ,
.
DHCP DNS, .
IP-
. , IP-
,
. .
,
.
TCP/IP ,
:
1.
> .
2. .
.
3. , , (TCP/IP)
.
4. : (TCP/IP) (.3.4)

IP- IP- 192.168.10.2.
5. 255.255.255.0.

84

3.

"'ji'M

: I n t e r n e t Protocol (TCP, IP)


"

:'''

'' -

IP ,
.* *!
. IP !*1,
.
..
1

" IP-

. (~4* .
'|-

'

-.'! -

; ~

"

j 12 .163 . . 2

" -

j 255 . 255 . 255 . 0

'"-:

'-(* / D^-ceppoe:
^!

j 192 , 168 . 1 0 . 2

11 DWS-:

OK .j .-., >. 3.4. TCP/IP

6.
DNS DNS- 192.168.10.2 (
DNS ). . DNS 6
.
.
DNS,
.

7. DNS ,
DNS-
. DNS-
DNS. .
8. .
9.
.
10.
. .

85

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


.

DNS, , Windows 2000 Server
127.0.0.1. (loopback), ,
. DNS, DNS
, . ,
127.0.0.1 .

3.5.3. TCP/IP
-
, . , .
, ,
( , ?)
.
, ;
DNS, IP-;
, ;
, , .
,
.
IP, , .
,
. , .
,
:
1. >
> .
2. .
.
3. , ,
(TCP/IP) .
4. : (TCP/IP) (.
3.5) -

86

3.

IP- IP- , 192.168.10.17.


5. 255.255.255.0.
6.
DNS DNS- 192.168.10.2 (
DNS , ). .
.
DNS,
.

7. DNS ,
DNS-
. DNS-
DNS. .
8. .
9.
.
10.
. .
: (TCP/IP)
1
IP ,
. 8
IP .
Q IP-
<*> IP-:

| IP-:
'
:

["].168776 '"']?"]
[255.255.255. ]
.

. <) DNS-cepeepoe:
'. DNS-:

| 132 . 168 . 10 . 2

DNS-:

. 3.5. TCP/IP
87

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


,
4 ,
: 192.168.10.18, 192.168.10.19 ..

3.6.
TCP/IP
, .
,
.
. ,
, IP-
.
, .

3.6.1.
TCP/IP
Windows, Windows 2000, ,
TCP/IP.
.
IPCONFIG
IPCONFIG, Windows NT,
IP .
.
, . ,
, ,
. ,
IP- .
ipconfig (
,
cmd). :
IP-, .

88

3.

ipconfig /all,
.
IP-, ( 192.168.10.17 192.168.10.254),
255.255.255.0. ,
, .3.5.3. 0.0.0.0 ,
IP-
.

.
IPCONFIG IP, , .

PING

PING,
Windows.
- ICMP -, ,
( ,
). ,
, .
- PING :

192.168.10.17:

=32

[...]


. , .
ping :
: -
.
, (, ).
, -
ICMP.
: -
: .
. IP- , ,

. -

89

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


route print. route
ROUTE.
ping 4
32 .
: ping .
:
1. ping 127.0.0.1. (.
.3.5.2). : ,
TCP/IP. , ,
. ( Ping
100% ),
TCP/IP. , ,
.
2. ping 192.168.10.17 (IP-
, ).
: , ,
TCP/IP , -

1 394 - *
: '.
:
I $ 1394

...

, :
I 1 Microsoft
\ ^ Micro...
i ffi V
j - (TCP/IP)

...

.
90

3. . TCP/IP

3.

. ,
. .
: , . .
TCP/IP (.3.6). ,
TCP/IP .
3. , , : ping 192.168.10.2. ,

,
( ):
; .
, ,
, IP. ping IP-:
ping SRVR001. , ,
DNS, IP-.
,
, .

3.6.2.
(,
, ), , ,
, .
. TCP/IP.
, ,
TCP/IP NWLink.
NWLink,
, .
Windows 2000 ,
. ,
.
: ,

91

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


,
, .
:
1. .
.
2. >
(. 3.7).

*1 I |
,
, ,.:";

.".'-

:
^*, [ )
J J

-ate .! OST>I:

ICnpcfia Microsoft
NWLink IFxVsFWNetBIOS Compatible Transport Prot
0 "" (TCP/IP)

^
>
j ,I

Microsoft

NWLink IPX/SPX/NetBIOS Compatible Transport '%

OK
.

3.7.

,
NWLink. ,
, NWLink,
NWLink, TCP/IP.
, : NWLink ,
. .

92

3.

, NWLink
, - ,
? : TCP/IP .

.
,
(. 3.7)
.
, ,
, . , ,
.
, Ethernet
, ,
.

,
, .

3.7. TCP/IP.
TCP/IP 6 (IPv6)
, , IP- .
, . IP IPv6.
IP 1981 .
, , . IP ,
:
IP-.
, NAT.

.
, ,
.

93

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, 85000 .
. IP
, DHCP,
.
IP. .
IPSec
.
IPv6 .
( 128 4 , IPv4,
),
IP- DHCP ,
IPSec .
IPv6 IPv4. ,
IPv6, , IPv6 IPv4,
.
IPv6 Windows XP Windows 2003.
. Windows
Server 2003 ,
(. 3.8), Windows XP IPv6
ipv6 install .
IPv6 , ,
. IPv6 ,

~~.
(

, ,
0,
, " ".

AppleTdk Protocol

^'Network Montoir Drviet


Sjf NWLnik P
IX/SPX/NeB
tO
I S Compete Transport Protocol
9 Reailbe
l Muc
tilast Protocol
J .

^ , .

;,.;

: ,, |
'

'

. 3.8. IPv6 Windows Server 2003


94

3.

. -
, , Windows XP
Windows Server 2003 .

3.8.

TCP/IP .
IP- () 192.168.10.0/24, , ,
. TCP/IP
. PING.
, .
Novell NetWare, , NWLink . ,
,
.
TCP/IP
6, , Windows XP Windows Server 2003

.

.

95

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003


.
,
. , , ,
.
,
, ,
- .

4.1.
,
. , ,

,
,
.
,
. ,

.
.

4 . 446

97

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

4.1.1.
, ,
SAM (Security Accounts Manager).
,
. , . ,
, 16
4 .
1. .
2. >
> .
,
,
.
3. , ,
,
. .
4. (. 4.1) (
, ).

j
-- lanvas
'
<**:

|
i']

-^
TbCf4eny '

.
98

4.1.

4.
.
,
,
. ,
Mathlab7 ,
.

5. .
- (, ). ,
, .

.
:
.

6. ,
. , ,
: , .
,
:
,
. , : ,
.
.
,
, ..
, .
, , ,
.

7. .

4.1.2.
.
. .
1. .
.
99

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


2. ,
. ,
.

, ( ). Windows XP Professional
.
net
user, ( cmd
). net user
. net
help user net user
, .
,
:
net user anvas
:

Anvas

000 ( )

4.3.2005 1.45

4.3.2005 1.45

100

4.


,
, :
net user anvas /expires:30.09.2005
30
2005 . ,

.

, 9 17 ,
,
, :
net user anvas /times:Monday-Friday,9-17
net user anvas
:

9.0 0 AM-5.00
9.00 -5.00
9.00 -5.00
9.00 -5.00
9.00 -5.00

,
,
.
,
:
net user anvas

/times:all

101

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

4.1.3.

Windows XP Professional, ,

. ,
. ,
.
. , ,
, , .
:
1. .
2. >
.
, .
3.
.

.
4. secpol.msc.
.
5. .
6.
: .

.
.
,
Windows NT.
,
Ctrl+Alt+Del.
:
CTRL+ALT+DEL. ,
:
, Ctrl+Alt+Del
.

102

4.

4.2.
4.2.1.
, ,
, .
. :
,
.
, . ,
, . , .

:
1. SRVR001 .
2. D: ABCD, .

.
3. (.4.2) ,
. ABCD.
4. . , (Everyone) /.
5.
.
6. , , Everyone
( ). , :
. ,
, . , . ABCD.
7. ,
> . (Guest)
.

103

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


*i

Profiles

*
.-" >
f

-(* ^fttwiyf
JpiofMes
0_:

|
..'


^>1 Evwyone


< "


"

. 4 . 2 .

,
, -> :
\\SRVR001\ABCD ( , ABCD
, , ).


:
1. SRVR001 .
2. ,
-> .
, ( )
,
.
.
3. D: BCDE, .

.
4.
,
. BCDE.
104

4.

5. .
(Everyone). ,
:
. , .
BCDE.

, . ,
,
.
. (Guest),
, ,
, * . ,
( ), .
.

, .
( ) , .

,
. , (,
..) .
.

,
.
, .
.

4.2.2.
( ,
, ) , .
,
,
.

105

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

4.2.3. .
, ,
. ,
.
.

, .
, .

, ,
, .
,
, .

4.3.

, , .
:
. , , , .
, .
. , , ,
.
. -.
. .
.
.
,
%systemroot%\Documents and Settings\%username%
. , ,
. ,
.
,
.

106

4.

Windows XP Professional

. , ,
, .
.
,
.

13.

:
1. ,
.
2. .
3. .

1. SRVR001 .
2. D: P r o f i l e s ().
(Everyone) NTFS
(.4.2,
Profiles).

, , ,
.
:
1. .
2.
: \\SRVR001\profiles\%username%.
.
.
%username%
. ,

.
107

Microsoft Windows Server 2003




:
1.
Windows XP Professional .
2. ( ). .
3. .

. (, , ,
) .
4. .
.
5.
.
.
6.
, ,
: \\SRVRO01\Profiles\anvas.
7.
, : anvas.
8. . Windows XP Professional
\\SRVR001\Prof i l e s anvas
anvas .

,
.

, , ,
, ,
, .
13 .
.
, Windows 2000,
.
108

4.

4.4.
, .

.
, ,
.
, , .
, . ,
,
.
, Windows
Professional,
:
1. .
2. SRVR001 : Documents. (Everyone)
(Modify).
3. ,
Documents
: ,
, , (
Z:)
Documents ; \\SRVR001\Documents\%username%.
Documents
,
. .
, ,
Z: ,
: Z: , , .
, ,
,
( Z:). ,
: Z:.
,
.
109

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, NTFS:
1. %username% ( ).
2. . ,
, .
3. ,
, SRVR001\Users
. (Modify).
4. .
,

.

4.5.
,
, .

. (,
)
net user.
Ctrl+Alt+Del. ,
, , ,
,
, .
,
() . .
, , (Guest) . .
.

, , .
110

4.

,
. NTFS,
NTFS,
. .
,
, .
,
. , ,

.
, .
,
, :
.

, ,
.
, .
net user.
,
( ).
:
.
.

,
.
P r o f i l e s Documents.

111

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003


. , ,
Windows Server 2003, Windows XP
Professional.
, : .
, , . .
. ,
.
. , , . , .
,
, .
.

5.1.

:
WORKGROUP ().
, peer-to-peer ,
.
113

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


.

.
,
.

, .

(SAM, Security Account Manager).
,

, .
.
,
, .
, , .
,
, .
, (
), ,
, . , ,
, .
, .
.
,
.
.

5.2.
.
, , . .
?
114

5. .

. , , .
. .
, .. , ,
,
.
.
. ,
, ,

, -

.
.
.
, .
.

.

. ,
.

5.3.

, .
, ,

. , , .
, ,
.
,
, .
,

115

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, .
,
, .

5.4.
, , ,
. ,
,
(, ..).
, ,
: , .
, , .
,
,
.

.

116

NetBIOS-


DNS

UNo
DNS

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003


. - , ,
, .
? , -
, , .
, ,
.
, ,
.
, .
.
, ,
( IP-), , ,
.
, -.
.

6.1.

. (001, 002, SRVR001).
? .
. 001:
1 001
2 001

118

6.

,
. .
( ) ,
(. 6.1).
NetBIOS
(Network Basic Input/Output System) (. . 6.2). NetBIOS -.



.
.
:

:
001.

;
(WORKGROUP

. 6.1.

DNS- NetBIOS- *
ONS-

0 DNS -
NetBIOS- :
jpcooi

..
|

'"

. 6.2. NetBIOS-
119

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

6.2. NetBIOS-
NetBIOS- , , NetBIOS.
NetBIOS.
16 , 15 ,
,
(. 6.1).
NetBIOS

6.1

NetBIOS

16-

SRVR001

00

Workstation

SRVR001

20

Server

SRVR001

01

Messenger

NetBIOS , . : NetBIOS
.
NetBIOS,
WWW.
NetBIOS-:
NetBIOS ,
NetBIOS. , Windows 2000
Windows XP Professional, , ,

Windows, NetBIOS.
NetBIOS .
NetBIOS .
,
NetBIOS. NetBIOS ,
nbtstat -n:
:\>nbtstat -n
:
IP [168.192.10.17] : [ ]

120

6.
NetBIOS-

001

<00>

WORKGROUP

<00>

001

<20>

001

<03>

WORKGROUP

<1E>

WORKGROUP

<10>

..

<01>

MSBROWSE_

6.3.
.
,
. (FQDN, Full
Qualified Domain Name), ,
DNS (.6.3).
, ,
DNS.
, SRVR0 01 . s t u d y .
l o c a l : SRVR001 , a s t u d y . l o c a l
. - SRVR0 01 .
a n o t h e r - d o m a i n . com, .


. MOTIJT
.
1 :
1
:
1.
/iHPfre ...

0
jstudy.loca(
:

. 6.3. ,
121

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


SRVR001 . WWW, , ,
.
. ,
, .
:
, TCP/IP.
NetBIOS.
63 .
.
Windows XP Professional
(Windows 2000 Professional)
HOSTNAME:
:\hostname
pcOOl

Windows 2000
, ,
NetBIOS. ,
Windows ,
.
NetBIOS .

6.4.
TCP/IP, , , IP-
, NetBIOS-. ,
.

6.4.1.
, . ,
, .

:
122

6.

? , ,
, ,
IP-.
? : IP- ,
. :
IP- . ,

.
? , .
, , ,
, ,
.
?
, .
,
.
,
.
NetBIOS

NetBIOS Windows LMHOSTS.


, ,
:

LMHOSTS ( ).
%systemroot%\system32\drivers\etc.
.
TCP/IP, WINS,
LMHOSTS (. 6.4).

LMHOSTS :
192.168.10.2 SRVR001
192.168.10.17
192.168.10.18

001
001

IP-
NetBIOS.

123

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


TCP/if'
IP j! DNS j WINS j !
WINS-, .

LMHDSTS ,
TCP/IP.
0 LMHOSTS

| LMHOSTS.,.

NetBIOS
(*) :
NetBIOS,
DHCP-. IP-,
DHCP- NetBIOS,
NetBIOS TCP/IP.
NetBIOS TCP/IP
NetBIOS TCP/IP

. 6.4. LMHOSTS


Windows HOSTS.
, ,
:
HOSTS ( ).
%systemroot%\system32\drivers\etc.
.
HOSTS :
192.168.10.2 SRVR001 SRVR0 01.ourcompany.com

SRVR.study.local

192.168.10.16 001 PC001.ourcompany.com


192.168.10.17 002 PC002.ourcompany.com 002.study.local
HOSTS LMHOSTS .
HOSTS IP .

6.4.2.
.
. , , .
124

6.


(, ).
, -
: ,
. ,
, .
, , , , .
, , , , .
NetBIOS

NetBIOS IP-
WINS (Windows Internet Name Service). WINS WINS, WINS
Windows Server 2003 Windows
2000 Server. ,
, .

NetBIOS:
IP- WINS? ,
WINS (
WINS IP-)
NetBIOS. IP- .
, NetBIOS?
IP- NetBIOS- ,
, ,
.
, .
?
WINS WINS .

NetBIOS IP-, .
, WINS
? . WINS
NetBIOS

125

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, IP-
PING. (IP-
), .
, Windows 2000
.


IP-
DNS (Domain Name System). DNS
. DNS
: , DNS,
. ,
( , ).
DNS
Windows 2000 Server Windows Server 2003.

DNS:
IP- DNS?
Windows XP Professional Windows 2000 Professional
IP- DNS.
.
,
? :
( , IP-) DNS .
IP- DHCP (
Windows Server 2003 Windows 2000 Server), , .
,
Windows 95, 98, NT 4.0 ..
? . DNS
. ,
. IP, : ,
IP-. .
Windows 2000 , ,
DNS .
126

6.

6.5.
, WINS,
DNS. TCP/IP,
, IP- .
IP- WINS DNS. ,
.

6.5.1.

PING.
1. 001 .
2. ping srvrOOl. - :
C:\>ping srvrOOl
s r v r O O l [ 1 9 2 . 1 6 8 . 1 0 . 2 ] 32 :
1 9 2 . 1 6 8 . 1 0 . 2 : =32 = 2 TTL=128
1 9 2 . 1 6 8 . 1 0 . 2 : =32 < 1 TTL=128
1 9 2 . 1 6 8 . 1 0 . 2 : =32 < 1 TTL=128
1 9 2 . 1 6 8 . 1 0 . 2 : =32 < 1 TTL=128
p i n g 1 9 2 . 1 6 8 . 1 0 . 2 :
: = 4 , = 4 , = 0 (0% )
- :
= , = 0 , = 0

3. SRVR001 .
4. ping pcOOl. :
:\>ping pcOOl
pcOOl [192.168.10.17] 32 :
192.168.10.17: =32 <1 TTL=128
192.168.10.17: =32 <1 TTL=128
192.168.10.17: =32 <1 TTL=128
192.168.10.17: =32 <1 TTL=128
ping 192.168.10.17:
: =4, =4, =0 (0% )
- :
= , = 0 , = 0

6.5.2. NetBIOS
NetBIOS UNC-.
1. 001 .

127

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


2.
UNC- : WSRVR001. SRVR001 (. 6.5).
3. SRVR001 .
4. -
UNC- 001: WPC001.
(Guest)
001, 001 Windows
.

().
001 (. 6.6).
? WINS, DNS,
HOSTS LMHOSTS , .
, . WINS,
LMHOSTS,
?

3 bJ ^ !
*



<^



.^

\J

s >
ABCD

-J-

BCDE

'J
Sf
Documents

Profiles


WORKGROUP

0

^ 11

; ^

. 6.5. SRVR001
128

6.

J2

(*& *
*jjfa WORKGROUP
t
Q

jr%}
^

. 6.6. 001

DNS HOSTS.

,
.

6.5.3.

, 001, ping srvrOOl,
:
1. , SRVR001 .
, ,
.
2. DNS ,
, IP- SRVR001.
, .
3.
DNS. 001 ,
IP- DNS.
.
001 SRVR001
192.168.10.2
5 . 446

129

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

HOSTS? ,
. HOSTS
IP- ,
HOSTS DNS. 2.
DNS

DNS Windows,
Windows 2000. , ,
DNS
, . DNS :
ipconfig /displaydns ;
ipconfig /flushdns HOSTS.
, -
IP- .
NetBIOS

, SRVR001, - , \\PC001, :
1. , WPC001 UNC-
. , .
2. UNC- WPC001
NetBIOS. ,
.
3.
001 WINS-, IP-
.
WINS ,
.
4. ,
NetBIOS-.
, ,
, , ,
, .
5. NetBIOS-
LMHOSTS.
, LMHOSTS . #PRE,

130

6.

NetBIOS ,
.
LMHOSTS ,
.
NetBIOS

NetBIOS Windows,
, Windows 2000.
:
nbtstat -
(, LMHOSTS,
#PRE;
nbtstat - ,
WINS .
, SRVR001,
HOSTS. Microsoft
DNS.
,
NetBIOS,
192.168.10.0/24.
, 15 ,
, IP-
. SRVR001 ,
NetBIOS , .

6.6. DNS

,
, NetBIOS-. ,
, ,
.
Windows 2000 Windows XP Windows Server 2000
( Active Directory) DNS.
, DNS
.
.
Windows XP Professional, ,
131

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, ( ).
, ,
. , ,
? ,
?
, . -, :
,
, , ,
. ,
.
Windows 2000 Windows XP,
, ,
DNS.

6.7. DNS
DNS
.
:
1. SRVR001 .
2. - >
.
Windows.
3. Windows .
4. Domain
Name Server (DNS) (. 6.8).
5. DNS.
.

6.8. DNS
DNS.
( IP-) .
. ,
:
. .

132

6.

Windows
Windows.

, .
.
:
"".
;
...
..
' .
.-..

elwofk File and Pfint Services

0,0 , .)

Remote Installation Setvices

2,0

Rftmntft Sfnrarv .
.
. 3 RMR. Zl
. Contains a vaiiety of ipectafoed, network-rotated setvices and protocols.

3,6
3312,9

\ :
: :;

. . 7. Windows

.
.
-

Networking5vtces:*
D ^

'

-'"

'

Dynamic Host Configuratkjn Protocol (DHCP)

::/

'

- ':

0.0

[ J J H Internet Authentication Service

0.0

'

D S R P C over HTTP Proxy

0.0

D ^ S i m p l e TCP/IP Services

0.0

^ W i n d o w s Internet Name Service fv/INS)

09

. Sets up a DNS server thai answers query and update requests tor DNS
'.
names.

T ;
:

. 6.8. Windows Server 2003

. .

, .
,
,
. ( ) ,
InterNIC RU-CENTER (www.nic.ru),
.

, study.local. :

133

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


1. -> - DNS.
SRVR001.
2. ,

. .
.
3.
.
4. s t u d y . l o c a l . .
5.
: s t u d y . l o c a l . dns. .
6.
.
7. .
.
.
. ,
.

DNS
DNS
. DNS
s t u d y . l o c a l .
, ,
.


DNS-
.
DNS-
ONS-cepeepe .
:

, Active Director .
'' >. *[ i I I 1H I
. . ,
,-,,.
,
/
,
~L-> , .

. .=-.-.

.
,

. 6.9.
134

6.

6.8.1. DNS SRVR001


DNS :
1. > , .
2. .
3.
TCP/IP .
.
4. DNS IP-
SRVR001 192.168.10.2. SRVR001 ,
DNS.
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. .
9. DNS- NetBIOS- DNS- s t u d y . l o c a l .
OK .
10.
srvrOOl. s t u d y . l o c a l ,
DNS.
. .
.
11. DNS
s t u d y , l o c a l .
()
SRVR001.

_. d n t i i i g n i t - [DN5\SRVR001\3oHbi iipucMorpa'.sludy.local]
, &

JIA

I ** 1 1,
- 5RVR001
R " U
3"3

fijOfli

\ ( )
( )

...

[1], srvrOOl.study.local., h..

(NS)

srvrOOi .study.local.

{JH
I ( j j DNS

'

...''

. . .

..

- , . :. . ...

.. .-

::":!;; . -.-. ..

6.10. study. local


135

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

6.8.2. DNS
DNS :
1. 001 .
2. -> , .
3. .
4. , .
5. DNS-
SRVR001 192.168.10.2. .
.
6. , ( 6 10).
, ,
. .
001, SRVR001
DNS , s t u d y . l o c a l . ,
001 IP-. , ,
. ,
.

.
Windows XP Professional ,
.
, ,
. , , .
.

DNS Start of Authority ( ) . 3.


, 1
1 . 2 , 3.
,
:
DNS.
: \ > p i n g pcOOl
p c O O l . l o c a l . s t u d y
[ 1 9 2 . 1 6 8 . 1 0 . 1 7 ] 32
1 9 2 . 1 6 8 . 1 0 . 2 : =32 = 2 TTL=128
1 9 2 . 1 6 8 . 1 0 . 2 : =32 < 1 TTL=128
136

6.
1 9 2 . 1 6 8 . 1 0 . 2 : =32 < 1 TTL=128
1 9 2 . 1 6 8 . 1 0 . 2 : =32 < 1 TTL=128
p i n g 1 9 2 . 1 6 8 . 1 0 . 1 7 :
: = 4 , = 4 , = 0 (0% )
- :
= , = 0 , = 0

ping pcOOl
6.5.1. , :
DNS
pcOOl

[192.168.10.17]

32

,
001 IP-. DNS l o c a l . s t u d y ,
DNS, IP-
.
, DNS
, 001, ,
DNS.
, .

6.9.
,
,
IP-. IP- ,
- .

NetBIOS.
Windows 2000 ,
NetBIOS.
HOSTS DNS, NetBIOS
LMHOSTS WINS.
, .
WINS
. DNS
Windows 2000 Server.
Windows 2000/XP/2003
137

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, DHCP
Windows Server 2000/2003.
DNS
.
, DNS ,
IP-. , DNS, DNS .
DNS ,
Windows NT 4.0.

DNS, , .
DNS, ,
.

138

A c t i v e

D i r e c t o r y .



(Active Directory)



Active Directory

Active Directory


?

Active Directory

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003



,
,

.

, .

, ,
, .
, ,
.

7.1.
(Active Directory)
, , , :
, ,
.
,
. 140

7. Active Directory.

,
.
, ,
(). (,
),
. Windows Server
2003 , Windows 2000 Server,
Active Directory, .
Active Directory (AD) ,

, .
, , ,
.
Active Directory.

7.2.
?
, , ; , ,
Active Directory.
, , , .
,
.
(DC, Domain Controller) ,
, ( , ) .
(
, , ..).

.
,
,
. ? , Active Directory , ,
. ,
.

141

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


?

. ,
.
?
.
Active Directory, ,
, . ,
, . ,
, ,
.

7.3.
,
, , . . ,
. ,
:
. Windows NT 4.0,
. Windows Server 2003 .
, , . :
. ,
.
. , ,
10 ,
8 ,
.
.

. .
.
(, ),
. ,
,

142

7. Active Directory.

:
.
, .
.
- ,
.

7.4. Active Directory


, .
. , , , (.7.1). , .
, ( e u r o p e .
m i c r o s o f t .com) (europe)
( m i c r o s o f t .com).
( ) .
, , .
.
: ,
-,
-. : , ,
.

europe. microsoft.com
. 7.1. Active Directory
143

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


Active Directory .
, ,
, : ,
. , ,
, .

7.5. Active Directory


.
. Study,
s t u d y , l o c a l , Instrument,
i n s t r u m e n t . ru.
,
: , , . , , : .
, ,
.

.
,
, , ,
, , . ,
, ,
.


instrumentru

.
144

7.2. Active Directory

7. Active Directory-

7.6.

,
:
Active Directory ,
. , . , .

7.6.1.
, .
Active Directory, ,
. ,
, . ,
, . 7.3.

msk.zavod. local
.

7.3.

7.6.2.
, , .
, , ,

msk. zavod. l o c a l , s p b . zavod. l o c a l ,
.

145

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

spb.zavod.local

msk.zavod.local

. 7.4.

,
zavod. l o c a l . , . 7.4.

7.7. ?

Windows NT Active Directory : Active Directory ,
. Windows NT
company, Active Directory
: company . corn company . l o c a l .
company NetBIOS, ,
company . com DNS. Windows 2000, DNS
;
Windows NetBIOS-.

, Active Directory :
Windows NT 4.0 Workstation
company, Windows XP Professional
company.com.
Active Directory Windows
2000 Server, ,
.
.
. 146

7. Active Directory.

, ,
DNS -
?
,
. Active Directory , , :
, -
(com, org, ru, ua).
company.com, com
Active Directory.
, AD ,
.
, . AD -, , , l o c a l .
. ,
.
: - (company. com),
, ,
(company . l o c a l ) . , DNS -,
DNS
Active Directory.
Study
,
l o c a l .
Windows 2000 Server,
,
. Windows Server 2003
Active Directory . Domain Rename Tool, -;
Microsoft.

147

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

7.8.

Active Directory. ,
, .
.
Windows Server 2003.
.
.
DNS. .
DNS study.local.
NetBIOS- . , Windows 2000, NetBIOS-.
NetBIOS-
DNS ( study) .
.
, Active Directory,
SYSVOL.
, SYSVOL .
Windows.
Windows 2000 Server
Windows Server 2003,
. .
.
Active Directory,
, , .
. ,
,
, (
).
DNS
Active Directory DNS. , .
, . DNS
Active Directory.

148

7. Active Directory.

DNS DNS
, Active Directory
s t u d y . l o c a l . , DNS Active Directory,
, ,
.
, , ,
DNS. ,
.
DNS .

7.9. Active Directory


7.9.1.
Active Directory :
1. SRVR001 . ( - , cmd)
dcpromo.
Active Directory. .
2. , , .
3.

.
4.
.
5.
DNS- s t u d y . l o c a l .
6. NetBIOS-
STUDY .
7.
C:\WINDOWS\NTDS
C:\WINDOWS\NTDS . .
.

,
, .
149

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


Active Directory

, .


?
**" ^9*!*? tr ^
, ; -
.
/ .

' ' '

.;

"

. 7.5.
Active
Directory

.
,
:

.
, ; EFS-
, ,
.

Active Directory

, .

f;.

;iecyj

'

. ..

,
: ,
' .: : .
.

. 7.6.
Active Directory

^.
,
. ,
headquarters, example, microsoft com
eainpie. micrusofl com ;

:;

,
. , w e c e !

AcNve Directory

,
Active Directory.

.
, ^ Active Directory.
:

, Active Directory.
j . 4 .
{CAWINDOWS\NTDS

150

. 7.7.

Active Directory

7. Active Directory.

, C:\WINDOWS\SYSVOL .
.
SYSVOL . , , ,
, ,
. , , -
, ,
.


,
.
SYSVOL .
SYSVOI see .
5501_ NTFS.
SYSVQL
:
L4iliS.VVffliTl

<

| > j

. 7.8. SYSVOL

9. DNS , . , .
. , .
10. , Windows 2000 Server Windows Server 2003,
.
11.
, Active Directory.
.

151

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


,
.
SYSVOL .
SYSVOL -
SYSVOL NTFS.

. . ;

. , ;

:.::. 5YSV0L.

:. .

"

. 7.9. DNS study, local

.
.
,
.
,
Active Directory, ,
.
- .

,
-
.
12.
Active Directory. -
.

.
13. Active Directory
.

7.9.2.

SRVROOl Active Directory
s t u d y , l o c a l .
:

152

7. Active Directory.

1. SRVR001 ( s t u d y .
local).
2. ,
C:\WINDOWS\NTDS NTDS.DIT ( Active
Directory) EDB.LOG ( ).
C:\WINDOWS\SYSVOL.
3. ,
:
Active Directory , Active Directory
Active Directory . ,
.
13516.
, (.
. 7.10).
4. DNS , s t u d y . l o c a l
_msdcs, _ s i t e s , _ t c p , _udp, DomainDnsZones ForestDnsZones.
Active Directory. .. SRV ( Service location), Windows
2000//2003 .

1
:

NtFis

1:46'21

:'..

KoaflDf

13516

;
KoMnbjstep:
:!

SRVR001
'

j
SRVB0O1 . ^
NetLogon
,
. $ SYSVGL. : ; :
! "net $hafe"
SYSVDL '
i.1.^:
. . .
.-

. 7.10. 13516
153

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


5. net share. ,
NETLOGON, C:\WINDOWS\SYSVOL\
study.local\SCRIPTS.
.
NETLOGON
Windows 2000. , , ,
. Windows 2000/XP/2003
.

7.9.3. DNS
DNS s t u d y . l o c a l .
, (. 7.11).
. ,
SRVR001
. ,
SRVR001, , IP- -

study.iocal -

WINS

:.

:
: :

(5)

&
. | study'.'local, dri':
;

/j\,

,
,
;.!.:"; '. , .

"",

. 7.11. study.iocal
154

7. Active Directory.

. , ,
.
,
.

, ,
DNS ,
DnsAdmins.
.
1. SRVR001 DNS.
2. ,
s t u d y . l o c a l
.
3. ,
DNS- study.local Active Directory (
DNS ). .
4.
.
5. , C:\WINDO\VS\
SYSTEM32YDNS study.local.dns.
study.local.dns
Active Directory,
BACKUP.

7.9.4.

. :
1. 001 .
2. .
3. .

study.local. .
4. Administrator .
001,
study.local.
155

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


5. OK
.
, , , DNS.
:
1.
.
pcOOl. s t u d y . l o c a l . s t u d y . l o c a l ,
DNS- .
DNS- .
2.
> ,

.
3. (TCP/IP)
.
4. TCP/IP , DNS. ,
IP- DNS (192.168.10.2)
. DNS- (. 7.12).
TCP/IP
IP i NS

iWINS | ]

DNS-, :

,
TCP/IP. :
() DNS-
[21 DNS-
DNS- ( ):

Jtl
DNS- : !
0

DNS

DNS- DNS

.
156

7.12. DNS

7. Active Directory.

, .
.
5. ping study.local.
, ,
, DNS .
6. , ,
, .

:
1. SRVR001 .
2. Active Directory
.
3. .
.
4. ,

SRVR001.

.
Active
Directory .
.

7.9.5.
Windows XP Windows Server 2003 , Windows Server
2000. , ,
.
, .
, ,
,
- . ( )
:
1. SRVR001 .
2. - Active Directory
.
157

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


I'Jiti Group Policy Object tditor

| .

j!

| ^

^ f Default Domain Policy [st


fci i 3 i
Always use classic logon
! ;
\ - LLJ Windows
^if Do not process the legacy run list
1
B-i_J ! jl Do not process the run once list
'

(!::'l WlTldOWS 00^5 :

] System

Don't display the Getting Started welcome screen at logon

: User ProfMes
I
i I-CJ Scripts
; <-jJ Logon
1 \- Q l Disk Quotas
|
, ffl-^S Net Logon
1
! [ Q j Group Policy
j j ~ LL3 Remote Assistance jj

|
i
i
j
1

R u n

these programs at user logon

|_

J
He
He
He
He
He
\

System Restore 1
" 0 3 Error Reporting |
! - Windows File Protef
\ 1- C i l Remote Procedure |
1
)" Windows Time Serv- -CJ Network
1
- { ^ Printers
1
B - ^ 0 ;
ffl' C J 1
|^3 Windows |
-LU
i

,;

' ,,1 \ !1! " / .

7.13.

3. s t u d y . l o c a l .
.
4. Default Domain Policy.
.
5. > >
Logon ().
6. Always wait for the network at
computer startup and logon ( ) .

7.10.
Active Directory ,
SAM Windows NT 4.0 Server, .

( , ,
..),
.

158

7. Active Directory.


.
. ,
Active Directory.
Active Directory , .
, :
. ,
, .
, ,
.
, .
,
.
DNS. ,
, , SRV, .

DNS, .
DNS .
: .

. Active Directory.
SRVR001 ,
. ,
,
( Windows 2000
, ).

159

(WINS DHCP)

WINS
DHCP: IP-


DHCP
DHCP

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003



,
, . , , ,
. .
Windows 2000 Professional
IP- DNS,
Windows (, Windows 9x, NT 4.0) NetBIOS-
. ,
, Windows 2000-2003, , ,
.
IP- .
, IP- ,
.
WINS,
NetBIOS-, DHCP, IP
(, ..).

8.1.

DNS Active Directory,

Windows XP Professional Windows NT 4.0 Workstation.
6 446

161

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


6 Active
Directory. ,
Active Directory .

8.1.1.
Windows XP Professional
Windows
XP Professional DNS :
1. ,
(Netlogon), ,
: IP-,
DNS .
2. Netlogon, , DNS
SRV _ l d a p . _ t c p . d c _ m s d c s ._,
_ l d a p . _ t c p . dc . _msdcs . s t u d y . l o c a l (. 8.1).
3. . 8.1 srvOOl.
study.local DNS- .
IP-, Netlogon

(. 8.2).

Jdap -
{SRV Seivice Location} j

]
d

. 8.1. SRV study.local

162

8. (WINS DHCP)

gmt - [.Console Reot\DN5\5RVRU01\3<mbi npt:MOTpa\stdyJoceij

3 d

} Conso
el Root
Ei-| SRVRO01

' ' :

'

'

C 3 _rnsdts
E l

Op
;
ffi-Lj
_msdcs
5
3 jsites

i ' ! (

_sites

Jcp
H)_udp
DomainDnsZones
C J ForestDnsZones
[=] ( )

I - judp
i+3 C^j DomainDnsZones : U ] ( )
3 ( )
-LJ ForestDnsZones
1 L_J srvrOOl
f+'r!jj|j}

..
(NS)
()
()

[29], srvrOOl,study,local,, ...


srvrOOl,study.local.
192,168.10,2
192,168.10.2

i
i
I
!

!
1
li.

lil
.

8.2. study, local

4. IP-
Active Directory,
.
.
,
DNS.

8.1.2. Windows NT 4.0


Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Windows NT Locator,
NetBIOS.
1. ,
Netlogon.
2. Netlogon Windows NT Locator. , NetBIOS-
.
163

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


3. WINS, Windows NT Locator . WINS ,
Windows NT Locator
LMHOSTS.
4. Netlogon,
.
, , , Windows 2000 Professional,
DNS WINS.
, .
: WINS ,
?
, . ,
, ,
.

8.2. WINS
, , Windows XP Professional Windows 2000
Professional Windows 9x Windows
NT 4.0, WINS.
WINS
, - .

8.2.1. WINS
WINS :
1. SRVR001 . -*
.
2.
Windows.
3. Windows
(Networking Services), .
4. Windows Internet Name Service (WINS)
(Windows Internet Name Service (WINS)) OK .
164

8. (WINS DHCP)

5. WINS
- Windows Server 2003. .

8.2.2. WINS
WINS
WINS . WINS . ,
, WINS.
WINS

WINS
:
1.
(\1).
2. (\1)
WINS
.
3. IP- SRVR001 (192.168.10.2)
.
.
4. .
SRVR001
WINS. WINS NetBIOS-,
. .
WINS:

WINS
:
1. - WINS.
WINS.
2. .
,
(. 8.3).
3. (SRVR001)
.
4.
.

165

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


-iOlxl

4 e ( " ! -

i WINS
;:
| 1
1-9 5RVR00I [192,168.10.2]

[
j I
24.03.2005 4:11:

g)SRVR001 [192.168.10.2]

8.3. WINS

5. , , .
, .
.

. (,*).
,
WINS ,
( ,
, ..).

[ICh] . 8.4.
,
Windows NT Locator.
\

>

- - , i i f

| W1N5
!-
- ) SRVROD1 [192.168.10.2]
4 f41fW?l?MSI!W!*l
:
i i 3

| : / - : 7
1,!-
%-_MSBROWSE_STUDY
ipSRVROOl
5TUDY

.
166

[Olh]
[1|],..
[OOh] ...
[20h] -
[OOh] Workgroup
[ICh] ...

192.168.10.2
192.168.10.2
192.168.10.2
192.168.10.2
192.168.10.2
192.168.10.2

[lEh] ...

192.168.10.2

8.4.

L.Iffiffi'K?

1 ..

8. (WINS DHCP)

WINS , SRVR001 ,
WINS.
WINS , WINS. ,
Windows 2000 WINS .
, WINS,
, . WINS NetBIOS-
.
, WINS ,
Windows ,
Windows 2000.
.
:
( WINS)
, WINS.
, Windows XP, ,
- Windows NT 4.0 Workstation.
Windows Server 2003 .
56 .
,
.

? Windows NT Locator NetBIOS-
. WINS , , Windows NT Locator
LMHOSTS.
,
.
.
. WINS
, ,
WINS. ,
WINS NetBIOS- WINS- . ,
56 ,
167

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, .
, .
,
, ,
.
.
, , , .
%systemroot%\system32\drivers\etc\LMHOSTS, :
192.168.10.2

SRVR001#PRE

192.168.10.17
192.168.10.18

001
PC002

#DOM:STUDY

SRVR001, NetBIOS- STUDY (


#DOM), .
001 002.

.

8.3. DHCP:
IP-
8.3.1.
.
.
( ),
, .

, IP
.
, (
\1) .
Windows 2000
168

8. (WINS DHCP)

,
( ).

8.3.2. IP

, Microsoft, Microsoft
(\1), . - (
IP-), .


, ,
. ,

IP-. ,
, .
: ,
,
IP-.
, Windows 2000 Windows NT 4.0 .
Windows Professional Windows Server 2003
Network Configuration Operators.

()
, , DNS, IP-
. : , ,
TCP/IP,
. ,
, : , .
IP ,
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol).
DHCP , , .

169

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

8.4. DHCP
DHCP
IP
.
, .
IP- DHCP
. DHCP
IP- ( IP-), .
,
.
DHCP, IP IP-.
,
DHCP, IP .

8.4.1. DHCP
DHCP
Windows Server 2003.
, .
,
DHCP SRVR001.
1. SRVR001 . >
.
2.
Windows.
3. Windows
(Networking Services), .
4. (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol DHCP)
.
5. DHCP.
- Windows Server 2003.
6. .
170

8. (WINS DHCP)

DHCP
DHCP,
DHCP. ,
srvrOOl. s t u d y . l o c a l
IP-. ,
(. 8.5).
, DHCP ,
IP- .
.

jDHCP

g ) srvrOOl.study.local [192.168.10
4 i &

DHCP
f+)srvrOOl.study.local [192.168.10.2]

He

I
. 8.5. DHCP

8.4.2. DHCP
DHCP ,
, ( , ,
DNS WINS ..), ,
. .
, 192.168.10. 2
192.168.10.16
, 192.168.10.17 192.168.10.254
-. ,
192.168.10.17 192.168.10.254?
192.168.10.17. DHCP , ,
,

171

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


. 001 ,
.

1. IP-
, IP- ,
:
1. DHCP, IP- 192.168.10.17
192.168.10.254.
2. DHCP Active
Directory ( ).
3. IP .
DHCP IP- .

, ,
.
.
, .
2.
, .
,
IP-, :
1. DHCP, IP- 192.168.10.x
192.168.10.254, IP- .
2. DHCP Active
Directory.
3. IP , IP-.
,
DHCP .
.
:
IP .

172

8. (WINS DHCP)

192.168.10.84, 192.168.10.83,
192.168.10.82 192.168.10.79,
192.168.10.79.
, N 2*N (N N ,
). ,
.
DHCP ,
.
3.
. DHCP
, , 192.168.11.0/24,
.
.
DHCP

DHCP, :
1. DHCP.
2.
srvrOOl. s t u d y . l o c a l
. . .
3. (, Main office) (
). .
4. IP- IP- (,
192.168.10.26), IP- 192.168.10.254.
(
24\255.255.255.0). .
5.
.
6.
.
7. DHCP , .
8. ( )
, .

173

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

9. DNS- , IP- 192.168.10.2.



.
10. WINS-, WINS
SRVR001, IP- 192.168.10.2
. .
11. ,

12. .
, ,
DHCP (. 8.6):
IP (192.168.10.26 192.168.10.254).

.
: 006 DNS, 044 WINS\NBNS-cepeepbi 046 WINS\NBT.
|

1 :

::

a>DHCp

tf!- Xb srvr001.study.local[192'168.10.2]
B-CJ [192.168.10,0] Main office
1 !--J)
I |--{(
; ;-QH

4^006 DNS-
$>044 WINS/NBNS-
^ 0 4 6 WINS/NBT

-,;

192.168.10.2
192,168.10,2
0x8

"~ilg|

..>]

. 8.6. DHCP

, .
Main office .
,
.
DHCP Active Directory

, , DHCP
.
Active Directory.

174

8. (WINS DHCP)

DHCP.
, , : DHCP
IP-, ,
. ,
. DHCP
.
Active Directory
, DHCP.
:
DHCP, .
. DHCP : ,
IP-; , ,
, .
, ,
(Domain Admins). , (Enterprise Admins).
DHCP Active Directory
:
1. SRVR001 Enterprise
Admins ( )
DHCP.
2.
srvrOOl. study . l o c a l
(. 8.7).
DHCP
.
.
, DHCP ,
DHCP
.

DHCP .

, DHCP- .
, :
175

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


.

' "

" !L s
*> DHCP
y-Qj

L?

^ . I M . I O . O U

. j i^
| 5rvfOOl,study.tocaJ|192,163.10.23
...

.
'

.!


,..
\$& <0*...
:
Q |
.1..
L
-f^}
^
. ..'
:
BocCT^CiBHTb...

,,,.

A B T O ^ H S O W W

^,,.

^... i .

/&

..
: :

. 8.7. DHCP Active Directory

1. Active Directory (
Windows 2000 Server Windows Server 2003);
2. DHCP Windows 2000
Server Windows Server 2003, .
, , :
DHCP Windows
NT 4.0 Server UNIX, Active Directory.
DHCP Windows
2000 Server, Active Directory.
DHCP Windows
2003 Server, Windows NT 4.0.
IP
Active Directory,
DHCP.
Windows 2003 Server DHCP .
,
( > > > ) 1046.

1044.

176

8. (WINS DHCP)

8.4.3.

8.4.2 , IP-
192.168.10.26. , ,
IP, 009
192.168.10.25. .
1. 009
IP
(. 8.8).
: (TCP/IP)
[
IP ,
.
IP .
(*) IP-
/ ' !>:

DNS-
' DNS :

. 8.8. IP-

2. ipconfig /all , 009 IP- DHCP.


:
: \ Documents a n d S e t t i n g s \ A d m i n i s t r a t o r . S T U D Y > i p c o n f i g
I P Windows
: p c 0 09
DNS-
: study.local

:
I P - :
WINS- :
DNS : s t u d y . l o c a l
E t h e r n e t :
DNS-
: study.local

/all

177

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

: AMD PCNET Family PC Ethernet Adapter


: DC-50-56-40-00-33
Dhcp :
:
IP-
: 192.168.10.26

: 255.255.255.0

DHCP- : 1 9 2 . 1 6 8 . 1 0 . 2
DNS- : 1 9 2 . 1 6 8 . 1 0 . 2

: 8 2005 1 6 : 4 4 : 1 5

: 16 2 0 0 5 1 6 : 4 4 : 1 5

IP-, 0.0.0.0, , 009


DHCP.
ipconfig /renew.
3. SRVR001 DHCP.
4.
s r v r O O l . s t u d y . l o c a l .
IP-, 0 0 9 . s t u d y . l o c a l . .
5. , 009 192.168.10.25.
Main office
.
IP- 192.168.10.25 .
1 5
IP-. .8.4.2,

,
.

8.4.4.
, ,
. DHCP ,
,
. ,
.
,
. ,
, , IP-, .

178

8. (WINS DHCP)

8.4.5.
, , -
USB .
. ,
, ,
. DHCP
IP-.
14 ,
. , , DHCP (
) IP-.
IP-
(-, Media Access Control).
IP- 192.168.10.16 - 00-00-12--9-0, :
1. SRVR001 DHCP.
2. srvrOOl.
study . l o c a l , Main office,
.
3. .
, IP- 192.168.10.16,
- 00001290.

.
, ,
.
, , ,
, -, IP .

8.5. DHCP
, DHCP , ,
. ,

179

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


DHCP- .
,
DHCP .

8.5.1. IP-
DHCP
,
,
?. - DHCP ,
IP- .
DHCP , ,
. ,
.
Windows 9x Windows NT
, , Windows 2000
( Windows 98 SE Windows ME),
DHCP, IP-. ipconfig, IP- 0.0.0.0.
TCP/IP .
Windows 98 Windows 2000
Windows 2000, Windows 98 SE Windows
ME, DHCP APIPA
(Automatic Private IP Addressing). APIPA ,
169.254.0.0/16.

169.254.. 255.255.0.0.
65534 , , , . ,
, , , ,
.
, .
, APIPA,

.

180

8. (WINS DHCP)
Windows XP Windows Server 2 0 0 3

Windows XP Windows Server 2003


. TCP/IP
, TCP/IP
.
,
, IP , . APIPA
DHCP- ,
Windows 2000.

8.5.2.
DHCP,
Windows XP Professional IP-
169.254.0.0/16. ,
APIPA (, ), IP-
. SRVR001
, DHCP , , .
255.255.255.0,
255.255.0.0, .
?
6 ,
DNS ( SRVR001,
) Windows NetBIOS,
. , ,
.
, APIPA ,

? , .
(peer-to-peer), .
, , , Windows XP Professional,

IP , , DHCP . -
IP- , ,
.

181

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


TCP/IP
, , DHCP, .
,
TCP/IP ,
.

8.5.3. DHCP
()

DHCP
.
, .
, .


, DHCP,
( Microsoft
80/20).
, DHCP
192.168.10.17 192.168.10.207, 192.168.10.208
192.168.10.254. , . 20-
,
IP-. .

8.6.
,
Windows 2000/XP/2003, DNS.
,
NetBIOS, .

WINS. (, -

182

8. (WINS DHCP)

) LMHOSTS.
IP ()
DHCP. Windows Server 2003
Windows 2000 Server
, IP.
DHCP ,
Active Directory.

(Enterprise Admins), (Domain Admins).
, ,
DHCP . DHCP
, ,
,
, , .
DHCP Windows 2000/XP , DHCP.
,
169.254.0.0/16.
, .
Windows XP Professional, Windows 2000,
IP:
, ,
DHCP .
DHCP, 80\20.

WINS DHCP, SRVR001. DHCP Active Directory
IP- .
WINS.

183

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003


. ,
, , . ,
.
,
. , .
,
, .

9.1.
,
.
.

.
, ,
.
.
, , .
185

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


Windows : .
,
4 .
.

9.2.

, ,
. ,
, .
,
.
,
.
,
.

, ,
Active Directory.
, .
.

.2.1.
. , .
,
.
,
, ,
.
1. SRVR001 .
2. Active Directory .
3. (Users)
- .
4. (. 9.1).

186

9.

Wjj

' : slucly.locai.'Users


/ : . " Used!

:':'"' '.: .'"..'':

|@studv.loc J

(-Windows 20Q0J:

. 9.1.

5. , , u s e r l .
,
.

(-Windows 2000).
, , . .
6. ,
.
Windows
Server 2003 :
7 , , : ,
, , .
7. . ,_
,
.
.
8. .
.
.
9.
( , , , , ), ,
187

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


.
, .

9.2.2.
- . ,
, .

.

SRVR001.

. , ,
- .
.

9.2.3.
, , ,
(,
), (,

).
.
Study : , ,
, .
,
,
. , 8 16
.
: Managerl, S t o r e 3 ..
.

Active Directory, (_Shop, _Marketing,
Warehouse Managers). ,
.
188

9.


:
1. SRVR001 Active Directory .
.
2. (Users)
.
3. _Shop ( ),
.
4. shop
.
5. (
8 , ,
),
.
6.
.
7. .
8.
8 16 .
.
9. .
, .

Active Directory Users and Computers

>,'

2
Active Directory -
L_J
study .local
S Buifcin
li) C j Computers
\+h(&\ Domain Controllers
i'fj- CJ ForeignSecurityPrincipals
L
<^ .Users

a j j Marketing

fJShop

@$ Store

Administrator

Built-in account for adrnini..

yiDnsAdmins

...

..

fijDnsUpdateProxy

...

DNS-, ,.,

Ej)Guest

Built-in account for guest..

JJifHetpServicesGroup

...

Group for the Help and 5u,.

. 9.2.
189

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


_ M a r k e t i n g , _ S t o r e
_Managers , .
(.8).
Active Directory
, . 9.2.


:
1. (_Shop) .
.
2. shopl,
shopl. .
3. ,

.
.
1

, .
10

. ,

.


, .
, , ,

, .
.
,
- v a s i l j e v _ a p .
.

, . -

190

9.

,
.


, .
,
. (
),
.
,
.

? :
. .

.
,
,
.

.

.
Windows 2000
.

9.2.4.
, Windows NT, ,
.
, .
,
,
, .
. , , .

191

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



, .


, (- 4ndr3 j ) .
:
1. Active Directory
(Users)
.
2.
.
, ,
. ,
.
, . 9.3.


, , , . , .
ghO$t.
Windows Server 2003
Windows 2000 Server .
, ,

, : ;
"
3>.

. J4ndr3j

. (

;. : !
''. s^ofte : .zi,
(npeft-Wirafows 20);

~~|

. 9.3.

192

9.

, .
. 22, .

9.2.5.

Domain U s e r s .
U s e r s , .
Domain U s e r s .
.
11 .

9.2.6.
. ,
,
?
,
.
. , ,
.

( 8 ). , ,
, , ,
,
.
.
, - ,
.
,
.
22 .

7 446

193

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

9.3.

Windows Server 2003 : dsadd user.
p e t r o v U s e r s
s t u d y . l o c a l
:
dsadd user DN=petrov, CN=Users, DC=study, DC=local,
-upn petrov@study.local -mustchpwd Yes
,
.
.
.
DSADD .
, dsadd /?.

, dsadd user/?.

9.4.
?
, , . ,

. - .

,
( ). , .
SRVR001.
STUDY ( ). ,
SRVR001 .

194

9.

Windows 2000 Windows


Server 2003 . ,
, , . , .
,
.

:
1. SRVR001 ( : ).
2. > .
3. .
,
.

.
Windows 2000
, ,
.

, ,
Windows NT 4.0.

Windows Server 2000 .
,
.
, .
,
Windows 2000 :
1. , F8 (Directory Services
Restore Mode). , Active Directory
.
2. .
Ctrl+Alt+Del .
3. .
4. .

195

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


Windows Server 2003

:
1. .
2. ntdsutil.
3. reset dsrm password.
4.
: reset password
on server .
5.
:
.
, : . .

, Windows
Server 2003. reset password on server work.study.com.
(
)
,
. , .
:
1. ,
, .
2. dcpromo
. .
3. dcpromo,
.
,
.

9.5.

.
.
196

9.

,
.

.
.
, . ,
.
, Active Directory
Windows Server 2003
DSADD.
, .
,
.

,
.

Study, .
.

197

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003


Windows 2000/XP/2003 , , ,
. , ,
:
,
.
, ,
,
.
.
, . ,
, ,
.
.

10.1.
. ,
, . , ,

. , , ,
..

199

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, ,
NTFS.
.
, ,
, , - .
,
, .
22, .

.1.1. . NTFS
NTFS
NTFS
, NTFS.
,
.
NTFS .
Windows
, , , . :
1. 001 .
2. : . : dogovorl. t x t
dogovor2 . t x t ( ).
3. .
4. .
5. USERS (PC001\Users) . ,
, .
6. .
7. ,

.

200

10.

8. , , .
.
9.
Shopl.

,
.
, .
.
. DNS ( s t u d y . l o c a l ) ,
001.
10.
Administrators . , PC001\Administrators. .
11. /
.
12.
s t u d y , l o c a l ,
Shopl.
.
13. , .
.
, Shopl ,
. , dogovor2 . t x t .
,
.
.
Shopl : ,
.
, , :
1. 001 s h o p l .
2. d o g o v o r l . t x t .
- .

201

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


3. dogovor2 . t x t .
, .
.
NTFS
NTFS , Windows
.
NTFS.
NTFS

:
, .

, , ,
.
,

.
,

()

10.1

Shopl ,
, .
,
.
. :
. , , ,
( ).
, .

202

10.

NTFS
, , ?
, ,
, ? ?
, NTFS. ,
, .
, :
1. 001 .
2. d o g o v o r l . t x t
. .
,
, .
, , ,
, ,
.
: ,
.
.

.1.2.
?
. 001 s h o p l
, . ,
.

. Shopl, / . :
.
d o g o v o r l . t x t ,
. , .

203

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, NTFS .
, .
, ,
.
.

? , , , . :
1. ,
,
.
2. .
s h o p l .
3.
.
4. ,
,
.
Shopl , , .


,
.
,
.
, .
, . :
,
;
.
.

.

204

10.

Windows XP Professional , :
. Windows Server 2003 .

.1..

, ,
. , , ,
.
Shopl
d o g o v o r l . t x t (
).
001 s h o p l . d o g o v o r l . t x t ,
, . .
, , , . .

Shopl. ,
.
, .

, .

10.2.
, .
. ,
, NTFS,
NTFS. ,
NTFS.

205

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

10.2.1.
,
, .
Windows 2000 , .
Windows, >
( ).
.
,
, . ,

. Windows Server 2003
, Windows 2000/XP . , Windows 2000/XP
.

.2.2.
NTFS,
.
( ,
), .
, NTFS ,
10.2 ( Shopl
).
Shop 1

10.2

NTFS

Shopl

Shopl

Shopl ,

Shopl

Shopl

206

10.

, Shopl NTFS ,
,
. .
NTFS
12.

.. ?
,
.
, , .
, , ,
. , , ,
, .

,
Windows 2000/ (%system-drive%\
Documents and Setting\%username%).
,
,
.
, .

, ,
SYSTEM (
). , . -, , -,
.

.
,
, .

207

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

10.4.
, NTFS,
NTFS.
NTFS
( ).
.
() .
,
.
.
, , . Windows
Server 2003 .
.
,
.
NTFS
, ,
.
. ,
NTFS, , , ,
.
, .
,
, ,
.

.
NTFS ,
.

208

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003


NTFS
.
.
, , ,
. ,
.
, .

11.1.
, , . , ,
( )
.

, .
. ,
, ,
, ,
.
,
, , , .
, .
,
.

210

11.

11.1.1. Active Directory


Active Directory :
. , . ,
(
), ,
.
e-mail . ,
. , ,
Microsoft Exchange Server 2003.
, .
.
.
.
.
, .
? ,
, .

11.1.2.

.
1. SRVR001 .
2. Active Directory
Users . , . 11.1.
3. ,
.
.
Active Directory Windows Server 2003. ,
,
.

11.1.

211

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


-
: study.loca!/

I
(-Windows 2000):

'

'

! {

&

"

f*

11.1.

11.1
Windows 2000 mixed
()

Windows NT 4.0 Server,



Windows 2000,
Windows Server 2003

Windows 2000 native


()

Windows Server
2003

Windows 2000,
Windows Server 2003

Windows Server 2003

,
,

,
,

.
Windows 2000 mixed, ,
Windows NT 4.0 Server,
, . ,
.
Active Directory Windows Server 2003
Windows 2000 mixed. ,

Windows NT 4.0.
, .
.

212

11.
Windows Server 2003
Windows Server 2003
:
1. SRVR001 .
2. Active Directory .
3. s t u d y . l o c a l

. (. 11.2).
Windows Server 2000
Windows Server 2000
:
1. .
2. Active Directory .
3.
.
. ,
.

. ,
, , .

' :
Windows 2000 ( )
;
^

[Windows 2000 ( )

'.''

. :--'\

'

'"

"

'

'

Z & ,
-:
.
.*'"".
--. \.\:.

'"'

I I

11.2.

213

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

11.1.3.
, , ,
. ,
,
Active Directory ( ).
:
.
, .
Windows 2000 native Windows Server 2003
,
,
.
.
.
Windows 2000 native Windows Server 2003

Active Directory
( Active Directory).
.
. ,
, Active Directory.
. Active Directory.
. ,
Active Directory,
.

( , ..).

11.1.4.
, ,
Active Directory
. .
. Windows 2000 mixed

.
.

214

11.

Windows 2000 native Windows Server 2003


,
Active Directory
.
. Windows
2000 mixed , Windows 2000 native Windows
Server 2003
.
.
, ( ).
.
, .
.
,
.

11.1.5.
,
Active Directory.
Active Directory. :
. Windows 2000 mixed .
Windows 2000 native Windows Server 2003
, , Active
Directory.
. Windows 2000 native
Windows Server 2003
.
.
Active Directory.
.
Active Directory.
.
Active Directory.
, ,
.
215

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

11.2.
, ,
, .
.
. ,
,
.

11.2.1.
,
:

(user Accounts).
G (Global groups).
DL (Domain Local groups).
U (Universal groups).
(Permission).

11.2.2.
( A G DL P)
A G DL . , ,
(, ).
,
.
:
-> G - DL <-
study.local.
.
, , ,
:
1. .
2. .
3. .
216

11.

4.
.
5. .
, ,
, .
.
1: ,
.
,
,
. ,
.
2: ,
. DL.
, ,
Active Directory .
, , .
Study (, e u . s t u d y , l o c a l ) . , s t u d y . l o c a l ,
eu . s t u d y . l o c a l ,
. ,

.
, .
3: ,
. .
,
.
?
, , . , ,
.

217

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

11.2.3.
A G P
2.
- G <-
, Active Directory
. .
A G U DL
. ,
,
. .
Active Directory, , , .
, .

, ,
,
.
, ,
Active Directory.
, , ,
.
, ,
( ) .
,
,
.
,
, .
, , .
A G L
L , .
Windows NT 4.0 Server,
.

218

11.

Active Directory
. .
, .
.
, ,
,
, ( )
. A G DL ,
,
.

11.3.
,
G DL < ,
. ,
, , ,
..
. ,
, , ,
:
.
.
.
.
IT.
.
,
,
. , , ,
.

1 1 . 3 . 1 .
Active Directory , . ,

219

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


,
:
.
,
(G, D U).
Active Directory , -
.
,
. , Shop, Marketing,
S t o r e , Managers ...
, .
, .
,
, D Printers.
G Temporary, , '
- , D Admins Full Control.

11.3.2.

Domain Users. , ,
, Windows, .
. ,
,
Windows. .
.
Domain
Computers.

, ,
,
(., ,
Everyone Authenticated Users).

.
. -

220

11.

, ,


, - .
Active Directory - .

.

, :
1. SRVR001
Active Directory .
.

,
( ), . ,
,
.
2. ,
.
3. , .

11.3.3.
.

( ), .
, .

.

G Shop, s h o p l . ,
G Shop.
.
> G < ,
.

221

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, ,
. Shopl
.
, s h o p l , ? ,

.

(security access token).
,
:
1. , ,
:
(SID).
2. ,
.
, ,
,
.
3. (
).
.
.
Active Directory Windows 2000
(native) , .
,
. ,
:
( ).

,
. , .
s h o p l . , . ,

222

11.

, ,
. .
, ,
.
.
, ( ),
, ,
. : ,
. , ,
, .
,
, - ,
:
.
.
, .

(, ) .
( ),
. . ,
,
.
.
Shopl, ,
/.
.
,
,
.

223

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



,
,
. , ,
, .
, , (G Shop)
XXX
,
, . ,
, .
G Shop,
, .

11.4.
, ,
.
:
.
,
.

. .
.

.

, ,
Active Directory.
, .
,
.
-> G -> DL <-

224

11.

Account Operators.
,
.
,
, ,
, .
, ,
. ,
.
, ,
.
, ,
. ,
, .

. ,
.

8 . 446

225

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2 0 0 3


,
. .
, . , ,
.
, ,
.
. Microsoft Exchange Server
Microsoft SharePoint Portal Server
, , .

,
.
.
,
.
,
, ,
.

12.1.
.
:
.
.

227

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


.
, . ,
, .
. .
. ,
.
. ,

.
. , .
,
,
.
, , , ,
, .

Study. , , , . .
8.00 16.00,
.

12.1.1.
,
,
.
. ,
,
UNC- \ \ s e r v e r \ f o l d e r \ s u b f o l d e r .
.
.
. NTFS,
NTFS.

228

12.

. , ,
, ,
.. ,
.
. ,
NTFS, , ,
.
.
,
. , .
, .
.

12.1.2.
,
.
:
. , -, ,
..,
.
,
.
.
, , .
, . ,
, ,
.
.
. . ,
,
.

,

229

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


,
, .

Study , . ,
:

.
.
.
.
IT.
.


, , -> WSRVR0 01,
.

, , , ,
Library.
,
(), . ,
/ \ \SRVR001, , .
/

WSRVR001, ,
. ,
-,
. ,
. , , AdminTools , ,
.
, . ,
, . >
W s e r v e r . ,
$.
-, \\SRVR0 0 1 \ M u s i c $ (
), ,
.

230

12.

12.1.3.

:
1. SRVR001 .
2. >
. >
(. 12.1). .
3. .
.
4.
: \ L i b r a r y .
.
.
5. ,
(. 12.2) .
6. . Windows
Server 2003 , Windows
2000/
.

* |

> - ( Q
| ( ...
' j | j
b|jftDMIN$
(||j

^
^ j



!{]<

bN
j ETLOGON
Qprint$
^Profiles
Q5V5VOI

Wn
i dows
Wn
i dows
Wn
i dows
Wn
i dows
Wn
i dows
C:\WINDOWS\5YSV. Wn
i dows
C:\WINDOWS\syst.. Wn
i dows
D:\Profiles
Wn
i dows
C:\WINDOWS\SVSV. Wn
i dows
C:\
D:\

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

, 1 1

^ 9

12.1.
231

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



,
,
^ .
. HacipciuKW ^11
"".
:
:.-. >

144S RVBO01 \Utna!y

: [

'...'.'

1 ^>

. 12.2. .

7. . .
Windows.
,
,
( , ) .


:
1. SRVR001
UNC-
WSRVR001 .
2. , Windows,
Library.
3. .
, .
, :
, , . , .
Library Windows (
)
, , ,
, IT .

232

12.

12.1.4. NTFS
,
:
. ,
, , . .
.
:
.
. , (
-, ,
).
.
11,
, . .

, , , ,
- ,
.

, Library
.
, ,
.

NTFS, .
(Everyone), Domain Users ,
. ,
Library.


> G -> DL <- ,
, -

233

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, ,
.
,
.
1. Active Directory .
2.
:
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D

Library
Library
Library
Library
Library
Library
Library
Library
Library
Library
Library
Library
Library

Admin
IT Read
IT Write
Marketing Read
Marketing Write
Shop Read
Shop Write
Other Read
Other Write
Store Read
Store Write
Managers Read
Managers Write

.
, ,
.
, Windows Server 2003 Windows 2000/XP
DSADD,
. (, D Library IT Read)
:
d s a d d g r o u p CN="D L i b r a r y IT R e a d " , CN=Users, DC=study,
DC=local - s c o p e 1
DSADD , dsadd /?.

3.
, ,
.
:
G
G
G
G
G
G
G

234

Library Admin
IT regular
IT power
Marketing regular
Marketing power
Shop regular
Shop power

12.
G
G
G
G
G
G

O t h e r regular
Other power
Store regular
Store power
Managers regular
Managers power

.
, DSADD.
:
d s a d d g r o u p CN="G IT power", CN=Users, DC=study, DC=local - s c o p e g


. ,
,
G. . . power,
G . . . r e g u l a r .
. G L i b r a r y Admin Market i n g 3 .

1. SRVR001 .
2. Library.

.
3. .
4.
:
: .
D L i b r a r y Admin: .
Domain U s e r s : , , .

, :
( , ), ,
.
.

235

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


1. SRVR001 .
2. Library\IT.

.
3.
Domain Users .
4.
:
: .
D L i b r a r y Admin: .
D L i b r a r y IT Read: , ,
.
D L i b r a r y IT Write: .
5.
LibraryUT.
, , , ,
...Read ...Write.
.
-> G > DL <

.
, .12.1.
Active Directory .
12.1

D Library Admin

G Library Admin

D Library IT Read

G IT regular, G Managers regular, G Managers power

D Library IT Write

G IT power

D Library Marketing Read

G Marketing regular, G Managers regular, G Managers power

D Library Marketing Write

G Marketing power

D Library Shop Read

G Shop regular, G Managers regular, G Managers power

D Library Shop Write

G Shop power

D Library Other Read

G Other regular, G Managers regular, G Managers power

D Library Other Write

G Other power

D Library Store Read

G Store regular, G Managers regular, G Managers power

D Library Store Write

G Store power

D Library Managers Read

G Managers regular

D Library Managers Write

G Managers power

236

12.

, , ,
? Windows 2000 native Windows Server 2003
, ,
.

12.1.5.
Library , . ,
, ,
,
NTFS. ,
. ? :
(Everyone). , . ,
.
(Authenticated Users). ,

. -
?
Library
.
,
.

12.2.

,
.
, S t o r e 3 , ; Managerl
,
; M a r k e t i n g 3

.

237

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


001 , -
\\SRVR001\Bn6nHOTeKa.

12.3.

, ,
( ,
). , ( , )
.
Windows , Professional,

; Active Directory
,
; . ,
(, ..),
NTFS.
Windows Server 2003 Windows XP Professional
:
1.
.
2.
.
3. , ,
.
, NTFS
.
, ( ) .

238

12.

12.4.
Windows 2000 Professional Windows
Professional ,
.
, . ,
,
,
,
.
Windows XP Professional , ,
, ,
, . ,
,
.
.
, , Windows 2000. ,
, DESKTOP.INI :
[Encryption]
Disable=l
.
:
DESKTOP.INI ( ). ,
, .
NTFS ,
.

239

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

12.5.

, .
.
, .

,
.
NTFS -> G -> DL <- .
.

.
, ,
,
, , ,
. . Windows XP Professional Windows Server 2003


,
.
NTFS, ,
.
, ,
.


Library, , , ,
, , IT, .

240

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003


,
Windows XP Professional,
, ,

.
. , , .

13.1.

.
, , NTFS, NTFS ,
.
.
:
, .
(, )

.
,
.
,
,
.
,
, .

242

13.

13.2.
.
,
: . Windows,
NT, .
NTUSER.DAT,
( ) ,
HKEY_CURRENT_USER.

NTUSER.DAT :
Windows (,
).
(,
).
( ).
.
( )
( , , ).
(
H K E Y C U R R E N T U S E R
Microsoft Word 2000).

,
. 13.1. :
Application Data: , , .
,
.
Cookies: Cookie Internet Explorer.

243

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


Local Settings: , .
, ,
, .
Application Data: ,
.
History: Internet Explorer.
Temp: .
Temporary Internet Files: Internet Explorer.
:
.
: .
: .
: , .
: ,
.
: -
9* D:\Documents and Settings
Jafui 6>
Internet
Explorer.
i hawm
1
.
' i
]
Nethood:
! | _ j D: '(Documents and Settings
.
i
Printhood: S | ) Marketing 3
.
| Application Data
SendTo: ffl Identities
i^5 MiCTosoft
.
Cookies
: Local Settings
,
C3 Application Data
.
S i History
: .
^


Windows 2000/
Windows Server 2003

Documents

and


^ ^
|

irj

Settings\

%username%. NTUSER.DAT ,
. 13.1.

PrintHood
SendTo

>

%SYSTEMDRIVE%\

Temporary Internet Fifes

NetHood

- Marketing3
i$ -Marketirig3
3 - Markebng.3

^ *
i~3
ij^)
ir"*t
I Q

. 13.1.
marketing3
244

13.

, Windows XP Professional Windows 2000 Windows NT 4.0.



%SYSTEMDRIVE%\WINNT\Profiles.

13.3.

,
. Shopl
001.
:
1. HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\
Windows NT\CurrentVersion\ProfileList Shopl.
Shopl ,
, .
2. , ,
NETLOGON\Default User .
3. ,
%SYSTEMDRlVE%\Documents and S e t t i n g s \ S h o p l .
, %SYSTEMDRIVE%\
Documents and S e t t i n g s \ D e f a u l t
User.

4. ( NTUSER.DAT)
HKEY_CURRENT_USER.
Shopl . ,
. ,
:

.
Z:.
.
.
.

, .

245

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, s h o p l ,
.

,
.
(002), ,
, 001.
, ,
. ,
, .
:
1. 001 .
2.
.
3. .
, .
,
. ,
, , ,
. ,
, , , :
.
,
,
.
.
. ,
.
,
.
.

246

13.

13.4.
,
, .
. , ,
:
1. ,
( ).
2.
,

.
4
. ,
. Shop2.
1. SRVR001 .
2. : TravProfiles.
(Authenticated Users) .
NTFS .
3. Active Directory
Shop2.
4.
\\SRVR001\TravProf i l e s \ S h o p 2 . .
.
,
ADSI (Active Directory Service Interfaces),

%usemame%.

1 3 . 4 . 1 .
Shop2 SRVR001
Shop2.
. NTFS
,

247

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


. .
,
,
.
. ,
.
.

,
:
1. SRVR001 .
2. Active Directory .
s t u d y . l o c a l .
3.
Default Domain Policy ( ).
4. -
> > .
Administrators
(Add the Administrators security group to roaming user profiles) .
, .
5. ,
GPUPDATE. NTFS

.

13.4.2.

:
1. 001 Shop2.
2.
.
, .
3. ,
( > )
Wav.

248

13.

4. 001.
Shop2 001, , TravProfiles.
5. SRVR001 .
TravProfiles\Shop2.
.

13.4.3.
, ,
, ,
- ,
.
? ?
.
1. , Shop2
.
2. , TravProf i l e s \ S h o p 2 \
MS Word.
3. Shop2 ,
Shop2.
Windows XP
Professional, .
Windows 2000, .

.
Windows XP Professional
- ,
:
1. ,
.
2. NTUSER.DAT
HKEYCURRENTJJSER.
3.
.
.

249

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


Windows 2000 Professional
Windows 2000 Professional :
1. ,
.
2. NTUSER.
DAT
.
3.
, .
.
, .
,
NTUSER.DAT.

13.5.

, :
. Windows
,
. , , ,
.
,
.
(,
), ,
.
.
. Windows 2000/XP
,
. :
-
. ? Ethernet
100 Mbps

250

13.

.
( )
, .
Windows 2000/XP:
, .
. ,
,
(
, , ,
..).

13.5.1.

.



Windows XP Professional. .

. ,
.
7 , ,
, ,
. ,
Default Domain Policy, \ \\.

(Always wait for the network at computer startup
and logon).


Windows 2000,
Windows XP Professional, -
, :
251

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



.
.

.

. ,
.


,
.
.
.

(EFS) . ,
.

13.5.2.
, .
,
.
.
.
13.3 , , ,
NETLOGONXDefault User
. ,
. ,
.

252

13.

:
1. ,
( , ,
?).
001 . M a r k e t i n g 1 .
2. . :
( ,
).
(
, ,
,
).

.
.
.
3. .

:
1. SRVR001 .
2. WINDOWS\SYSVOL\sysvol\study.local\scripts
Default User.
3. ->
\\001\$. :
001. Documents and Settings\Marketingl.
4. ,
.
5. Marketing]. Default
User .
.
.
-! ,
( Default User) .
253

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, ,
, Default User
,
, , , .


:
1. ,
, (, Shop3).
,
C : \ T r a v P r o f i l e s ,
,
.
Shop3.
2. , ,
Marketingl
, Shop3.
3. , , ,
, .
4. , ,
, (, Managerl). ,
M a r k e t i n g l .
,
,
, ,
.

%SYSTEMDRIVE%\Docuraents and S e t t i n g s \ D e f a u l t User
( 13.3 , ). ,
,
.

13.5.3.
. -
, -

254

13.

, . ,
.
(
,
),
- .
,
, . Windows
NT 4.0 .
, , .
Shop3 ,
(C:\TravProfiles\Shop3) NTUSER.DAT
NTUSER.MAN.
, , Shop3 001, , , ,
Shop3 .

.
NTUSER.DAT . ,
.

.
, .
NTUSER.DAT , .
, . D e f a u l t User ,
.
. Windows XP
Professional, ,
\ \\ . Windows 2000 .

255

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


,
,
. , ,
, .
17 .

13.5.4.


.
. ,
.
- ,
( ),

, .
.
,
.
, , , .

SRVR001 : \HomeFolder.
(Authenticated Users).
%username%, :
1. SRVR001 Active Directory ,
.
2.
, Z: :
: \\SRVR001\HomeFolder\%username%. .
,
, .

256

13.

Windows Server 2000 NTFS , Windows Server 2003
- ( Beta 2).
.
SRVR001 . ,
.
.

. , ,
.
( ).

13.6.
,
?
? ,

?

\ \\ .

,
.
.
,
. ,
,
.

9 . 446

257

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



. , ,
, ,
, . ,
,
.
, ,
.

. (
), , ,
.
, , .
,
,
, .

13.7.
Windows NT/2000/XP
,
, , , . .
,
. , , , .
, , .
,
Default User NETLOGON .

258

13.

, ,
, ,
, ,

.
.
,
.
, .
, ,
NTUSER.DAT NTUSER.MAN.
.
,
. ,
,
,
.

. SRVR001 NETLOGON\Def a u l t User.
,
SRVR001 : \TravProf i l e s . .

259

,
?

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003


.

: , , . ,
, .

. , , ,
.
.

14.1.
.
() , .
, .
.
, ,
,
. HP JetDirect.
,
, .
,
( ,
LaserJet 2100). , HP DeskJet 690C, .
261

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

14.1.1.

USB (LPT),
, .
, .

14.1.2.

:
1. SRVR001 .
-> .
.
2. . .
,

Plug and Play.
3. (. 14.1) .
4.
HP,
HP DeskJet 690C. .
5. HP DeskJet
690 .
npurfi

:

:'
.

.
262

14.1. LPT1

14. .

6.
. , .
7.
,
,
.

.

14.1.3.

HP LaserJet 2100 , HP JetDirect IP-, , , DHCP.
.
IP- , ,
DHCP,
IP-.
, , ,
DHCP.

3
192.168.10.12 192.168.10.16.
.
- HP JetDirect. , .
1. SRVR001 . DHCP.
2. srvrOOl.study.local
[192.168.10.2], [192.168.10.0] Main Office.
3.
.
4. , IP- 192.168.10.12, -
.
.

263

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



.

HP 2100

:
" *


<~
I
j I

. 14.2. IP- DHCP

.
IP- ( , DHCP , ) .

:
1. SRVR001 .
> .
.
2. . .
,

Plug and Play. .
.
,
, SRVR001 .

3.
TCP/IP. .
TCP/IP- .
4. DNS, IP-: IP-
192.168.10.12. .

264

14. .

5. Hewlett Packard Jet Direct .


.
6.
HP,
HP LaserJet 2100.
7. (HP
LaserJet 2100), .
8.
. .
9. .

14.1.4.
SRVR001
.
, .
.
SRVR001 .
-> . > (.14.3).
. :
j ] |

10x14
11x17
12x11

~
.

" .$5

<"

^^' I

. 14.3.
265

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


. :
: ,
.
,
. ,
.
, . - ,
, . ,
,
.
,
, : ,
,
.
> .
.
:
,
,
. .
:
, , ,
, .
.
: ,
, , .
.
: , .
.
, :
, .
, ,
.

266

14. .

14.1.5.

, .
, .
.
. ,
.
... ... ,
.
, ,
.
. : .
,
. , ,
.
. .

, , (, 2100).
, Active Directory.
, Active
Directory ,
. ,

, .

, , Windows 2000.

Windows NT 4.0 ,
. (\\SRVR001\
print$), , . , ,
.
(. 14.4).
Windows NT 4.0 86 .
HP LaserJet 2100 Windows NT 4.0
, ,
, .

267

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


LWCDKHO ,
,
. { :
; '
...
Itanium

Windows Windows Server 2003

'

...

86
86
86

Windows 2000, Windows XP Wind...


Windows 9S, Windows 98 Windo...

Wildows NT 4.0

. 14.4.

.

( Windows NT 4.0),

. Windows NT
.

14.1.6.

Active Directory Active Directory.
, .
SRVR001 .
Active Directory .
5"1\ SRVR001. .
. ,
. , ,
.

268

14. .

14.2.
, Windows 2000,
Microsoft
.
. ,
,
. . ,
.
, 001
, .
:
1. ->
.
2. .
3. : . , -
4 .
4, 8 ( ) . : HP
LaserJet 2100 ,
.
4.
.
.
,
.
, . , . .
:
//

//

(, /-//4/412),
Active Directory, ,
(
27).

269

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


1. SRVR001 .
> .
2. HP LaserJet 2100
.
3.
.
:
.
-
. .

14.3.
14.3.1.

,
. , ,
,
,
.

,
,
.
,
?
. ,
: Active Directory .
Central_Office, .
,
, ,
.
1. SRVR001
> > Active Directory
.

270

14. .

2. , ,
,

Central_Office.
3.
(. 14.5).
Central_Office , ,
Central_Office .

study.bcal/C

14.5.

4. .
5. Central_Office.

.
6. Active Directory
Active Directory .
7. study. l o c a l .
Default Domain Policy.
8.
\ \.
Pre-populate printer search
location text ( ) (. 14.6)
.
271

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


in Group Polity Object fcditur
&

gn4

? Default Domain Policy [


|ijjj|
Allow printers to be published
1 L J
Allow pruning of published printers
fig- ^ Windows
*Jf Automatically publish new printers in Active Directory

Check published state
Qj| Windows Components
Computer location
I J H p System
Custom support URL In the Printers folder's left pane
!" Network
Directory pruning interval
' -6* Printers
Directory pruning priority
(dJJ
[+! QjJ $$i Directory pruning retry
Disallow installation of printers using kernel-mode drivers
i E j Windows
Log directory pruning retry events

J| Printer browsing
Prune printers that are not automatically republished
Allow Print Spooler to accept client connections
Ji Web-based prlntng

] \ ^

He
He
He
He
He
He
He
He
He
He
He

He

He
He

. 14.6. ,

,
. - . :

GPUPDATE.

14.3.2.
,
:
. HP
DeskJet 690 , .
. Windows 2000/ Windows Server
2003,
Active Directory . Windows
NT 4.0,
.

272

14. .

. .
, ,
, .
,
(,
). , ,
, (Prune printers that are not automatically
republished).
.
, .
, ,
, .

, (
\ \)
:
(Allow printers to be published).
,
Active Directory.
, , ,
.
(Check published state).
,
. 8 . ,
( ),
.
Directory pruning interval ( Active Directory),
( 6) Directory pruning retry
( Active Directory).

14.4. :

, ,
, , .
,
.

273

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


1. 001 .
2. > .
. .
3. ,
, .
4.
, ,
,
. .
5. , , . 14.2, ,
.
,
.
. .

,
. Microsoft
, .
, ,
,
UTP STP,
. . ,
,
- ( ) , . ,
.
( ), (,
) .
,
.
.
,
.
, ,
, .
,
,
.

274

14. .

14.5. ,
?
, ,
. . ,
.

14.5.1. ?
( ,
)?
.
, , .
,
, ..
,

, .
, .
, , ,
, 5%
.
, (,
, -
). ,
.
, ,
2 :
,
.
,
, ,
.

275

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

14.5.2. .

. ,
, ,
-
.
, ,
, .
. .
, , ,
, . ,
Windows (Printer pooling),
, , ,
( HP ).
. ;
, ,
, .
, HP LaserJet 2100,
UTP STP IP-
192.168.10.13 , .14.1.3. :
1. SRVR001 .
HP LaserJet 2100 ().
2. . .
. .
3. IP- 192.168.10.13
.
4.
Hewlett Packard Jet Direct .
.
5.
TCP/IP
.
6. . 192.168.10.13.
,
(192.168.10.12 192.168.10.13).
.

276

14. .


, .
,
.
, ,
,
.

14.5.3. .

, ( - ). ,
, ,

. .


IP-.
1. SRVR001 .
2.
D Print HP LJ 2100 Priority.
.
3.
HP LaserJet 2100 ,
( ).
, HP LaserJet 2100 Priority.
4. 2100.
5. . D Print HP LJ 2100 Priority .

10. .
6. HP LJ 2100 ()
.
D Print HP LJ 2100 Priority
.

277

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, .


D Print HP LJ 2100 Priority, . ,
, . ,
HP LaserJet 2100 Priority.

14.6.
,

UTP/STP. ,
.
, .
.
,
,
.
,
Windows 2000 ,
. , (
, , . .).
, .
.
, . ,
.
,
. -
, (

), .

278

14. .

, ,
. .
. .
, , . .

(- ). ,
. .
DHCP IP- ,
JetDirect.

279

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003


,
,
. CD-ROM DVD,
?
- ,
, , . ,
, , , , ,

.
?
, , :
, , .
.
. ,
Active Directory ,
Windows 2000/
Professional.
.
, .

281

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

15.1.
15.1.1.

, Administrator.
.
, ,
Internet Explorer .
. , ,
, ,
Active X.
, , ,
, .
. . ,
, , . ,
.

15.1.2.

,
, .

( ) ,
.
, ,
. A d m i n i s t r a t o r ,
,
.
A d m i n i s t r a t o r
: , ,
.. .
IT1.
( , , i T M a n a g e r l )
Domain Admins Group P o l i c y C r e a t o r Owners.

282

15. ?

,
. ,
(G IT regular G IT power).

15.2.
, , Active Directory
, Active Directory , DNS DHCP, . >
Windows XP Professional
().
,
.
, .

15.2.1.
:
1. iTManagerl.
2. -
Windows Server 2003.
3. > .
: \i386 ( : -) ADMINPAK.MSI. .
Windows
Server 2003. .
, -> . :
1. DHCP. .
2.
DHCP
.
3. srvrOOl.
s t u d y , l o c a l . . DHCP,
, , .

283

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

15.2.2.
, , :
Windows XP Professional ADMINPAK.MSI
- Windows Server
2003.
Windows XP Professional
Windows Server 2003 Windows 2000 Server.
Windows 2000 Professional ADMINPAK.MSI
- Windows 2000 Server.
Windows 2000 Professional
Windows Server 2003 Windows 2000 Server.
Windows XP Professional Windows
2000 Professional .

15.3.
. ,
, ADMINPAK.MSI.
: , .
Microsoft .

Windows Server 2003
. , ,
.

.
,
, ? ,
,
,
.

(Microsoft Management Console)


Windows 2000 . :

284

15. ?

, , , . ,

, .
,
, .
,
Windows XP Professional. ?
1. .
ITManagerl.
2. >
mmc. .
.
3. > .
,
.
4. .
, , .
.
.
,
.
.
, : ,
(
SRVR001 001).
,
,
, .
: , ,
.


:
1. 001 ITManagerl.
.

285

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


2. . ,
,
.
.
3.
. / .
4.
(,
001).
, > .
> > . ,
.
,
SRVR001, SRVR001.


:
1. 001 iTManagerl.
.
2. , .
3. , , SRVR001.
4. , , 001, SRVR001.

.
.
,
.
( ), ,
.
, .

286

15. ?


,
.
,
Windows XP Professional, .
,
ADMINPAK.MSI.

WAN.

(Remote Procedure Calls, RPC) ,
, WMI (Windows
Management Instrumentation).

15.4.

, .
, , , Word Excel,
-, ICQ...
, . ,
- . ,
, , ?
Windows XP Professional
. , , .
:
1. >
Active Directory .
2. . ,
,
.
3.
, STUDYMTManagerl,
.

287

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


4. Active Directory
,
.
.
,
: Windows Internet Explorer.

15.5.
, ,
. -
Windows NT 4.0 Workstation. ( , ,
,
). Windows NT 4.0
Active Directory. ?
, . Windows
Server 2000 , Windows
2000 Terminal Services.

15.5.1.
,
. ,
( , , , ..).
, ,
, ( ,
).
,
( 14,4 /) (
) ,
.
Windows Server 2003,
, .
,
.

288

15. ?

1. SRVR001 .
.
2. .
3.
.
(,
), .

15.5.2.
?

.
1. SRVR001 . .
2.
RDP-Tcp (RDP Remote Desktop Protocol) .
3.
2
. .
, (
). Terminal Services Windows
2000 Server
, Windows Server 2003 :
,
( ).
- ,
,
/console.
4. .
, Windows 2000 Server Windows
Server 2003
,
. , Microsoft
. 10 . 446

289

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


Terminal Services Windows 2000 Server,
, ,
.

15.5.3.


. Terminal
Services. ,
Windows XP Professional (, , Windows
Server 2003),
.
1. 001 .
2. > >
.
3. IP- ,
.
4. . ,
.
, .
5. ,
.
,
. , , , ,
, ,
.
, -.
6. .
(,
).
7. ,
.
8. .
, ,
. , .
290

15. ?

, Windows
2000, ,
. .
Windows
, 9 ME,
- Windows XP Professional Windows Server 2003.
- ,
- .
.
, , :
1. SRVR001 .
2. %SYSTEMROOT%\
s y s t e m 3 2 \ c l i e n t s . t s c l i e n t .
, .
3.
w i n 3 2 \ s e t u p . e x e .
, .
Windows XP Professional
Terminal services Windows 2000 Server.

Windows PocketPC 2002, .
! ,
, , .
. 3389 TCP ,
, .

(
), , ,
.

291

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

15.5.4.
Windows XP Professional
Windows XP Professional ,
, . Windows 2000 Professional
.
,
, ,
.
,
.
, ,
,
, . 15.1 ,
, ,
s h o p l , .
Windows XP Professional

15.1

Shopl

Shopl
, ,
(

/console)

Shopl
( )

15.5.5.

,
IP- (
, ).
Terminal Services
.

(, ).

292

15. ?

,
.
, Windows,
. ,
,
(. 15.2).
15.2

Ctrl+Alt+Break

Ctrl+Alt+Del

Ctrl+Alt+End

Windows

Alt+Tab

Alt+Page Up

Alt+Shift+Tab

Alt+Page Down

Alt+Esc

Alt+lnsert

Print Screen

Ctrl+Alt+
( )

Alt+Print Screen

Ctrl+Alt+
( )

15.5.6.
, , .
, .

, :

.
,
.

293

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, ,
, ,
.
,
( ), . ,
,
.


, :

.
,
.
, >
, . Windows:
,
. ,

, .

15.6.
,
: .

, ,
.
.
, ,
, .
, . ADMINPAK.MSI,
- .

294

15. ?

.
. , , .

001
SRVR001 Active Directory.
. ,
001.

295

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003


, . , .
,
. ? !
, , , ,
.
, ,

. ,
- (,
), , .
, . ,

. ,
, . ,
, , .

16.1.
, -
. ,
. .

297

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



. (,
) .
: , ,
,
.

,
,
.
. ,
, .

Windows XP Professional
,
.
, ,
NT, ,
. ,
. ,
- - .
.

.
,
, . ,
,
.

,
. , ,
,
, .

298

16. ?



, . , .
. ,
,
, .

16.2.
, , . ,
, ,
. , , , , .
Microsoft Windows,
, Microsoft .

16.2.1.

, .
.
,
DirectX.
, , , - .
,
,
,
, .
? , . ,
,
,
. ,
.
, -
? ,
299

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


,
. , .
Windows XP Professional .
. Microsoft ,
Windows
XP Professional .
. , ,
, ,
.

Microsoft .
(hotfix, QFE, Service Pack).

.
.
.

16.2.2.

, ,
, .
,
, , (,
, ),
.

,
( ).
RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks,
).

300

16. ?

RAID. 0 ( ) ,
. /,
. 1 ( )
, . ,
.
.
RAID-5 (
), , .
RAID-5 , ,
66% . RAID
0, 1 5.
, .
Windows XP Professional
RAID .
. , .
17.

, , ,
.. .
.
,

, . ,
.

, .

(UPS). ,
,
.
301

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

.
, ,
, , .
.
,
, , , ,
.
, .

, 22,
,
:
,
..

.

16.3.
,
( ). ,
. , .
,
.
16.3.1.


( ).

302

16. ?

j
-

I '"


g y
. gycteniM
(/ .
^ ^
:
Windows logo. p .
*m-)

Windows ?
(" [ -



-.CL-

j
I

<
j

i
]

^'

"

<' -
{ - -^

""-
' <:

*"".

. 16.1.
.

.
.

Microsoft , .
,
. ,
.
,
, .

Windows XP Professional Microsoft
, . , Windows,
.
, % S Y S T E M R O O T % \

system32 R e i n s t a l l B a c k u p s ,

303

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


. , :
1. .
.
2.
. ,
, .
3. ,
, .
4.
. .
,
.
Plug-and-Play .

16.3.2.
, ,
.

, . ,
( ).
,
.


,
F8
.
,
, HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\
SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet, ,
, ,
.
, . ,
,
. ()
.

304

16. ?

, .
,
; , USB
, , .

, .
,
.
,
.
- (, NTLDR),
.


,
,
(fixmbr, fixboot) (diskpart, format), (enable, disable).
help,
,
/?.
, NTFS.
,
- Windows XP Professional. (Windows NT 4.0)
, .
001,
.
.
, 001
- .
305

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


1. - Windows XP Professional.
2. 001 .
3. C:\NTLDR. ,
.
4. . ,
, NTLDR .
:
1. BIOS 001 ,
-.
2. CD- - Windows XP
Professional .
3. . , .
4. Windows XP Professional
Setup ( Windows XP Professional),
Enter.
5. Setup Welcome ( ) R .
6. ,
, . , 1 Enter.
7. ,
.
, .
,
.
8. -.
:
e:\i386\ntldr :\
( : -).
9. -
exit.
,
.
:
Program F i l e s , Documents and S e t t i n g s .
.

306

16. ?
, :
1. 001 . ,
.
2. Active Directory .
study . l o c a l .
3.
Default Domain Policy.
4. \
Windows\IIapaMeTpbi \ \
.
5. :
(Recovery console: allow floppy copy and access to all
drives and all folders)
. .

,
.
, -
, - . - ,
,
, - .

.
:
1. SRVR001 . - Windows Server 2003.
2. -

D:\i386\winnt32.exe /cmdcons
( : -).
3. . .

, . .

307

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

16.4.
Windows 2000 .
.
.

,
.. Windows NT 4.0
,
,
, - .
, Windows
2000 Windows XP Professional.
, Windows 2000 Server, .


, .
, , - .
,
, ( ,
,
..).
, .
:
,
.
, , . Windows 2000/XP/2003
(System state).

.

308

16. ?


, . ,
, :
.
, + .
. Active Directory ( ), (BOOT.INI, NTLDR,
NTDETECT.COM ), + ( ,
), SYSVOL
( ,
).
,
.
(, ).
16.1 , , ,
.

16.1

(,
)

+ %WINDIR%

+ %WINDIR% + ,
(Program Files ..)


Windows .
, ->
-> - ,
NTBackup.

309

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


Windows XP/2003 . ,
,
. ,
. 16.2.

, - [ !

! | ] ]
f='iLb . ?, .

( (
3-D 9

I
1

* 3.5 (:)
-^
' .
D **>
^ DVD- (f

..

[ t ^ A ^ i v e Deeclofi*
D f t Bool Files
' C O M * Class Regis...
D ^ Registry
Q ^SYSVOL

[+]-~1^ \
-iiira
S b L j T j J

. 1
'

:
|v
.

:
lAABackupbkf""

fl6wp..

. 16.2. Windows Server 2003


. , ,
,
Windows. 80%
.

, .
,
, . ,
.
.

310

16. ?

, , .
,
, , .
:
. , .
. ,
,
.
.
.
, .
,
, .
. ,
,
,
.
. , .
.

. , , ,
.
, , , ,
.

( ) .
,
, .

311

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

16.5. ?
16.5.1. 1
( + )
,
. , ,
.
.
.

: 23.00
NormalAH.bkf : \ Backup, 23.00 Mon . bkf, Tue . bkf, Wed. bkf, Thu . bkf F r i .
bkf : \Backup.
:
1. SRVR001 .
2. (NTBackup.exe).
3. .
4. .
.
5.
.
6. ,
: \Backup NormalAll.
: \Backup , .
.
7.
.
8.
.
9.

. .
312

16. ?

10.
,
.
11.
, 23.00
() . .
.
12. ( iTManagerl) ,
.
.

Backup
Operators.

13. .
N,
.
,
.
> .


:
( 6) .
( 7) .
( 10) .
( 11) .

. 5 ,
.


, -
. , , ,

313

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

, . ,
?
,
, .
,
:
1. ;
2. - ;
3. -> ;
4. .
, ,
( ),
, .
, .

16.5.2. 2
( + )
, . , ,
,
, .
: 23.00
N o r m a l A l l . bkf : \Backup,
23.00 Mon . bkf, Tue . bkf, Wed. bkf, Thu . bkf
Fri . bkf \Backup.


:
1. SRVR001 .
2. (NTBackup.exe).
3. .
4. . .
314

16. ?

5.
.
6. ,
: \Backup NormalAll.
: \Backup , .
.
7.
.
8.
.
9.

. .
10.
,
.
11.
, 23.00
() . .
.
12. ( iTManagerl) ,
.
13. .
N,
.


:
( 6) .
( 7) .
( 10) .
( 11) .

. 5 .

315

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



, -
. , , ,
, . ,
?
,
.
, . (
),
( ), . ,
,
. , , .

, (
).

16.5.3.

, ,
n t b a c k u p . .
: ,
! ,
,
.
(,
: \PlanBackup). ,
,
.

316

16. ?

16.5.4. Active Directory



. ,
.

, SRVR001 ,
Active Directory
.
Active Directory
( )
.
, . :
1. SRVR001 ( F8
). , . ,
, ,
? 7, ,
.
(Administrator)
. ,
.
2. ( , ntbackup)
.
3.
. .

. .
.
4. . Active Directory
.
:
;
.
317

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, ,
(,
),
. .
Active Directory
: SRVR001 SRVR002.
, .
, - Shop2.
, 11:25.
Active Directory.
,
SRVR001 , 23:47.
,
, ,
, .
SRVR001.
, Active Directory ? SRVR001 SRVR002
. ,
, .
Shop2 SRVR001 , 23:47.
Shop2 SRVR002 ( , 16:20).
,
SRVR001, Shop2 .
,
,
Shop2.
.
1. , ,
.

318

16. ?

2.
ntdsutil.
3. (,
Shop2 Users):
authoritative restore
restore subtree CN=Shop2, CN=Users, DC=study, DC=local
quit
quit
exit
4. SRVR001.

, ntdsutil :
authoritative restore
restore database
.

16.6.
, Windows
Windows Server 2003
, Windows ( , Windows 2000).
? , ,

.
.
,
.

, ,
. ,
, .
Windows XP Professional (,
).
, .

319

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



.

.
. . Windows
( Windows 2000) .
Windows Server 2003, ,
, .
Windows 2000
Windows Server 2003.

Windows 2000 Windows Server 2003.
. ,
. NTFS.
1. SRVR001 .
:.
2. . ,
.
3.
. , (
)
. .
.
4. .
.

.
.
.
,
, .

NTFS.

320

16. ?


Windows XP Professional
.
.
TWCLI32 .MSI ( Windows Server 2003) %SYSTEMROOT%\system32\clients\twclient\x86.
1. 001 .
2. \\SRVR001 \
c $ \ w i n d o w s \ s y s t e m 3 2 \ c l i e n t s \ t w c l i e n t \ x 8 6 \ t w c l i 3 2.msi.
Previous Versions Client.
Windows 2000 Server
SP3 , Windows 2000 Professional Windows
98 Microsoft h t t p : / /www. m i c r o s o f t .
/windowsserver203/downloads/shadowcopyclient.mspx.
Windows NT 4.0 . , Windows XP,
,
Windows Server 2003.

:
1. 001 (,
Shop3).
2. ( 12) (\\"\001\\).
3. ( ).
. ,
.
4. , .
5. ..
.
6. , . , .
, ,
.
, :

11 . 446

321

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


1. ,
, .
2. . ,
.
,
,
.
,
, ,
:
;
(
);
.
, , ,
. ,
, ,

.

16.7.
.
,
.
,
, .
Windows XP Professional Windows Server 2003 . ,

.
, .
,
.
,
. , .
%SYSTEMROOT% NTBTLOG . ,
. -

322

16. ?
,
NTFS.
-
, .

. ,
. , ,
, , .

Windows Server 2003, Windows XP
Professional, Windows 2000 Windows 98
.
. Windows Server 2003
RAID 0 ( ) RAID 5 (
, 32). RAID.

,
.

SRVR001 . .
()
, .
.
,
.
, .
, ,
.
,
?

323


.


Active Directory


,



.


MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003



,
Windows XP Professional. ,
, ,
,
,
.
- ,
, .
.

. , . ,
, - ,
, CD-ROM,
, .
Windows XP Professional Windows Server
2003 .
,
.

325

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

17.1.
.

?

.
.
, ,
, . .
, ,
, , , ,
,
,
.
, ,
. , ,
. ,
, .
(Group Policy) IntelliMirror, Windows 2000.
Windows NT 4.0,
.
,
.
, . Windows XP Professional,
Windows Server 2003 Windows 2000, .
, ,
.
.
, ,
, ,

326

17. .
.
,
.

Windows 2000 ,
:

.
gpedit.msc
> .
Group Polity Object Editor

^
Default Domain Policy [srvrQOl.study!)
5!
"CJ

j Windows . aneMeHTaj .
.
L_j

{J2

BJ Windows :
-

_ 7

7. /. ,
Windows Server 2003

( 700) :
. ,
,
, . ,
,
, . , .

(. 17.2):
( ).
.
.

327

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


'

: Do not detect stow network

I [
:

?jij Do not detect slow rwiwork contiecifons

: At least Microsoft Windows 2000


I

. 17.2.

(Group P o l i c y O b j e c t ) .
Active Directory :
(. 17.3).

^ >
- >

'

^ Active Directory - | Domain ConttoBers


ft; L J

- ) study.local
-CJ Builtin
- Computers

SRVRO01

"
v

<<

...

'

1 .

:.:..,

IS C j ForeignSecurltyPrinclpals
C 3 Users

. 7 7.3. Active Directory


328

17. .


(study.local), ,
, ,
.
. Default Domain
Policy ( ),
. .

Domain Controllers (
),
( ), ,
Domain C o n t r o l l e r s
. , Default Domain Controllers Policy.
.
Active Directory
. , ,
,
, .
.
.
, .
Active Directory ,
.
.

:
. , .
18 20,

329

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


Windows. .
( 150), , ,
, , IP .
22.
. , ,
..
.

17.2.
Active Directory
Active Directory .
Microsoft.
, .
, , , ,
, , ,
, .

(OU, organisation unit).
,
- ,
. ,
;

,
.
, .
,
.
.
,

330

17. .

.
Study .
, Active Directory
study.local
- . .
,
.
IT, Marketing, Shop, Store Managers (. 17.4).
^jpi

Active Directory User anil Computers


|4$

xj

:-1.

D? ; 2
& Active Directory - :
L+i -
: Qi3 Builtin
\ Q ] Computers
1P
: " Domain Controllers
i - C J ForeignSecurityPrhcipals
I S 3 Users

^jBuiitin

builtinDomain

' . '

i_J Computers
[^Domain Contr..,

Default container for upgr,..

CjForeignSecuri,,.
C j Users

Default container for secu...

: |J|2J IT
:--yeSl Marketing
! USjshop

^]IT

(^Marketing
QiUShop

' ( 3 Managers
! liSJ Another
H l B Store

i ^ l Managers

(^Another

Default container for dom...


Default container for upgr...

. i .-. --.

. 17.4. Study


. :
1. Active Directory .
2. Users. (Shopl...
Shop5), Ctrl.
.
Active Directory.
3.
Shop .
4. .

331

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


.
Windows XP Professional Windows Server 2003,
Active Directory
. Windows 2000
.

Computers.
,
.
Domain C o n t r o l l e r s ,
.


. . ,
,
Groups , , .
, .

.
.
- ,
,
( , ,
Exchange 2000).

,
. , , .

17.3.
17.3.1. ?
, . ? ,
. ? - ?
, ?

332

17. .

17.3.2. ,


,
( , ).
, - .
, ,

, .
1. 001 .
Active Directory .
2. s t u d y . l o c a l
.
3. . . Hide unnecessary files (
. ).
4. . .
5. \
\ .
17.1.

17.1


Windows XP Professional.
Windows 2000

...

Windows .

...

Windows XP Professional

.
Windows XP Professional
333

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


6. \
\ .
17.2.

17.2


, ,

,
60

7. \
\.
Windows freecell.exe, spider.exe,
winmine.exe, pinball.exe, sol.exe, mshearts.exe
regedit.exe.
r e g e d i t . , .
.
, , . , ? ,
.

001 , . , , ,
, ,
.
?
, ,
.
, (
\ \\

334

17. .

Default Domain Policy). Windows 2000 ,


Windows XP Professional ,
.
, :
(

, , ). .
, ,
, .
,
, .
( Windows XP
Professional Windows Server 2003) GPUPDATE. Windows 2000

secedit /refreshpolicy user_policy /enforce

(90 - 1 30 )
,
\ \\ .
.

17.3.3.
?
, :
Default Domain
Policy, . ,
.

1,66 . , . ,
,
,
.

335

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



(Default Domain Policy),
.
, ,
.
.
,
.. , .

17.3.4.


Windows XP Professional
, ,
. , Domain
Admins A d m i n i s t r a t o r s .
, Domain Admins
A d m i n i s t r a t o r s .
,
(,
) A d m i n i s t r a t o r s .
, , ,
.
,
, . ,
Windows XP Professional , HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE, .
,
Domain Admin,
. ,
. ,
( \
Windows\IIapaMeTpbi ).
, . ,

336

17. .

A d m i n i s t r a t o r ,
O t h e r l ,
. ,
, ,
, , .

.
(Administrator
Domain Admins),
.

? , ,
,
. .
. , ,
Domain C o n t r o l l e r s ,
. ,
E n t e r p r i s e Admins , .
,
Computers, , ? ,
,
Computers .
:
.
1. Active Directory
.
2. (
) .
3.
Computers.
4.
.
5. . . Local administrators membership (
).
6.
\ Windows\IIapaMeTpbi .

337

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

Administrators
^inehfci :

' ' .'

Adminislralor
STUDYVDOman Admins

. 17.5. Administrators

7.
.
8. ( )
Administrators .
9. , ,
A d m i n i s t r a t o r .
STUDY\Domain Admins
STUDY\Otherl.


, Windows XP Professional Windows
2000 . . ?
.

, ,
.

( 90 - 1

338

17. .

30 ). ,
5 .
( Windows XP
Professional Windows Server 2003) GPUPDATE. Windows 2000

secedit /refreshpolicy machine_policy

/enforce

,
. \
\\ .
.
.
, .
.
, (
Domain
Controllers). - Domain
Admins ,
.
, .
:
,
. .

17.4.
,

,
,
.
.
. .

Windows.

339

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


. ,
, ? ,
, .
, , .

.
:
Store ( ,
Windows).
Marketing ( ).
Managers .

17.4.1.
:
1. Active Directory
.
2.
.
3. . . Store limitations (
).
4. \ \ .
.
5. \
\ Windows\IIpoBOflHHK
:

.
.
( Windows
Professional Windows Server 2003).
.

340

17. .

17.4.2.


, , , .
1. Active Directory
.
2.
.
3. . . Marketing limitations.
4.
\ \ .
5.
. ( )
.

17.4.3.
:
1. Active Directory
.
2.
.
3. .
, , . , :

, Default Domain Policy .
,
,
, .
Default Domain Policy:
4. Active Directory
s t u d y , l o c a l
.
5. Default Domain Policy. . -

341

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


.
() , .

17.5.

13
,
,
.
, ,
.
. ,
. , ,
, .
. , .

, \ \ \ .
,
, .
001
.
1.
. SRVR001 .
2. \
.
C:\Home . .
3. .

, :

342

17. .

1. Active Directory
.
2. study . l o c a l
.
3. . . MyDocs redirection (
).
4.
\ .

.
5. .
6.
.
7. \\SRVR0 01 \Home .

.
8. ,
. 17.6.
(, S h o p l )
, .
(
).
.11*]

"
".1. ": -. -. ':.:' '
V ;
' |0? ";
. '._;,;,___ ^^___ ".|-: .-..'. '-,. !...-]!.'-!1"
' "" .
" '"

"

.
(*
.

. 17.6.
343

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


( ),
:
1. .
2.
. .
Windows XP Professional
Windows Server 2003 .
,

. .
Windows 2000 .
\ \\ .

17.6. .

,
.
, NTFS,
. ,
?
,
, . ,
, SRVR001,
. 200 10
. SRVR001,
,
Domain Controllers.
1. Active Directory
.
2. Domain Controllers
.
3. . . Disk quotas.

344

17. .

4.
\ \\ .
:
: .
: .
: 210 ,
190 .
: .
: .
,
.
?

17.7.
, ,
,
. ,
, , Windows XP Professional.
1. 001 ,
( Storel).
2. > mmc.
3. . , , ,
.
4. \ \ .
,
. ,
.
, , :

.
, rsop.msc.
.

345

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, ? ,
, Default Domain Policy, .
.
1. Active Directory .
2. s t u d y . l o c a l
.
3.
. , (Authenticated Users) . ,
:

, .
4. Domain Admins
.
.
.

17.8.

,
, .
: , , ,
Ctrl+Alt+Del. ,
, , , ,
, .
,
.

\ \\ Ctrl+Alt+Del. ,
, (
001).

346

17. .

, ,
,
, .
1. 001 Active Directory
.
2.

001.
3. ,

No Lock ( ).
4. \ \\ Ctrl+Alt+Del
.
5. \ \\ .
. ,
,
, , (
).

17.9.


: , , .
.
( Active Directory
)) ,
.
,
, , .
, ,
, . , .
,
:
.

347

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


,
, .
.

WMI,
. ,
, ,
733 Service Pack 1. WMI:
, :
Root\CimV2; Select * from Win32_POTSModem
:
Root\CimV2; Select * from Win32_OperatingSystem where
Caption = "Microsoft Windows XP Professional"
, NTFS
10 :
Root\cimv2; SELECT * FROM Win32_LogicalDisk
WHERE (Name = C:" OR Name = D:" OR
Name = E:") AND DriveType = 3 AND FreeSpace > 10485760
AND FileSystem = NTFS"
, :
Root\cimv2; SELECT * FROM Win32_Product
WHERE IdentifyingNumber =
{5E076CF2-EFED-43A2-A623-13E0D62EC7E0}"
17

GPMC (Group Policy Management Console).
, ,
.
Windows Server 2003.


.
, .

348

17. .

17.10.
Windows Server 2003, ,
. Windows XP
Professional 700 , , ,
, , ..

.
, .
,
. ,
210 . 001
.

349



. ?


MSI
Microsoft
Office 2003


MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003


, , , , .
.
, ,
Internet Explorer ;
- , ,
;
, ,
.
, - , , ,
() . , , .
- ,
, , .
,
.
.
,
, .
.

18.1. ?
.
- , . ,
, . , -, ,
,
- .
,
, , ,

351

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, .
,
. , , . , , ,
, .
, ,

, . ...
. ,
,
,
.
.
, .

18.2.
. , , - ,
. .
, .
?

, Microsoft Office 2003.

,
. , , ,
.
-
NTFS Windows
Professional , .

, ,
,
.
-, .

352

18.


,
( ), . ,
.
, , ..
.
CD-ROM

( ).
, , , .
,
.

18.3.
,
. . (
)
.

.
.

, CD-ROM,
.
, Office 2000/2003 (
) .
-:
, .

18.4. .
?
Microsoft
Systems Management Server 2.0. ,
.
.
12 . 446

353

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


( )
.
, , ,
.
, . ,
, .
Active Directory . .
- .
Active Directory ,
, ,
.
Active Directory ,
. ,
,
.

18.5.

. , ,
.
,
.

18.5.1.
?

. ,
.

354

18.


,
, .
.
, , .
, , ,
,
, .

. ,
(Store) Outlook ( ),
(Marketing)
Microsoft Office.
, , Office.
(Store),
Microsoft Outlook.
,
, .

18.5.2.



Service Pack.
, Service Pack
, .
Service Pack , ,
,
. Service Pack
.

, , ,

355

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


Marketing, Service Pack ,
. .

, , .

, .
.

,
.
,
.
,
.
,
.

18.5.3. ?
, .
, .


,
.
, :
.

.
, ,
.

356

18.


. :

.

.
, ,
.

18.1

18.5.4. ?


. ,
100 .
, 100
, ?
? , .
:
.
, .
, .
, 100
, , ,
, .
.
. ,

, ,
.

357

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


. ,
, ,
, .

.
Active Directory Windows server 2003
.

18.5.5. ?
Active Directory
MSI, , Windows.
,
Windows 2000.
, ,
.
. ,
, MSI

setup.exe Systems Management Server.
Windows 2000
1999 . MSI
. , 5 ,
.

18.6. MSI
MSI? ? ,

001 .
setup.exe,
. ?
, ,
,
.

358

18.

. ,
,
. , ,
, .
MSI , :
, ,
.. MSI, , . ,
MSI.
( adminpak.msi t w c l i e n t 3 2 .msi,
).

18.7.
Microsoft Office 2003
, ,
, ,
.

Microsoft Office, . -, Office
MSI, 2000, -, Microsoft.
, Microsoft?
, Microsoft , , .
.

18.7.1.
Office 2 0 0 3
Study
Outlook , .
Word Excel. ,
,
.

359

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



,
Word. , ,
.
,
, . (
, )
. Outlook
Office Word, Excel Access.
, Microsoft Access.
,
( ).
,
.
4 (
, , ).
,
?
. MST. A
51+5= (
UDF ).
, ,
MSI, MST.

18.7.2. Office 2 0 0 3 .
Office 2003 Resource Kit
:
Office 2003. !
.
.
Office 2003 Resource Kit.
, , , ,
Office
, .

MST.

360

18.

( ),

001.
Office 2003 Resource Kit o r k . exe
- Microsoft.
1. 001 .
2. ork.exe. Office 2003 Resource Kit (ORK)
.
3.
Next.
4.
Next.
5. Begin installation Install. .

18.7.3.
Office 2 0 0 3
Office 2003
. ,
, -
. , .

- , . ,
,
.
, , ,
.
..

SRVR001 .
1. D: InstallApp Office
2003.
2. CD-ROM Microsoft
Office 2003 Professional.
3. -
s e t u p . e x e / (. 18.1).
.

361

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



,rC">
-!

, ,
, Windows .

| F:\SETUP.EXE /

^...

. 18.1

4. Office.
,
(D:\InstallApp\Office 2003) Product Key. ,
, .
, .
6. ,
.
.
, , , .
.

18.7.4. InstallApp
1. I n s t a l l A p p .
InstallApp.
2. Administrators ,
Authenticated Users .

18.7.5. MST
Office
.
,
.
Custom Installation Wizard, Office XP Resource Kit.

362

18.


Outlook
Outlook:
1. 001 .
2. Custom Installation Wizard.
Next.
3. Open the MSI file Browse
SRVR001 InstallApp
MSI (. 18.2). Next.
4. Open the MST file
Create a new MST file Next.
Open an existing MST file
MST.
MST.
5. Select the File to Save MST.
, MSI,
, . MST
Outlook.MST Next.
I Microsoft Office 2003 Custom installation Wizard
Open the MSI File

2of ...

Specfyi the name and path of the Wn


idows Instaler package (MSI fie) to open. No changes are writen to the MSI file, The wziard
references this file when creatrig
i the transform, but the package (MSI file) is not modfe
i d.
Name and p_ath of MSI Fe
li to open:
K\srvr001\In<;rallA\Office 2003\PROl 1 .rnsij

18.2. MSI
363

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


6. Specify Default Path and Organization (
) . < Default > ,
, (Study). Next.
7. Remove Previous versions (
) Default Setup behavior (
) Next.
8. Set feature Installation States ( ) Outlook
( ) Office
( Office Assistant), Office
Shared Features (. 18.3). Next.
.
(
) (
).

I Microsoft Office 2003 Custom Installation Wizard


J

Set Feature Installation States

On

For each of the following Microsoft Office features, click to select the default installation state.
Microsoft Office Access
Microsoft Office Excel
Microsoft Office Outlook
Microsoft Office PowerPoint
Microsoft Office Publisher
JLZ, Microsoft Office Word
JLL Microsoft Office InfoPath
Office Shared Features
. s i . Alternative User Input
Clip Organizer
Converters and Filters
Digital Certificate for VBA Projects
-IB
Fonts
Siz.
Microsoft Handwriting Component
International 5upport

Properties:
Wsabie Run from Network
Disable ^stalled on First Use
; r~ Do Not Mjgrate Previous
;
Installation State
fteset Branch I

: Approximate Size:
I Selection:
I Total:

Apply Branch ''

0.0 MB
171.2MB !

I 69HI Run all from My Computer


I .l*a Run from Network
Description:
i ~
An on-screen charac *i i Run all from Network
personalty.
:
...
: (B> Instaled on First Use

ou accomplish your tasks. Vou can choose which office Assistant best suits your

. 18.3.
364

Outlook

18.

9. Customize Default Application Settings (


) Do
not customize Migrate use settings Next.
10. Change Office User Settings
Microsoft Outlook . (
). Next.
11. Add/Remove files ( )
Next.
, .
12. Add/Remove Registry Entries (
) Next. He
.
13. Add, Modify, or Remove Shortcuts (
) Installed ,
.18.4, Next.
14. Identify Additional Servers ( ) Next. ,
,
.
15. Specify Office Security Settings (
Office)
Next.
16. Add Installations and Run Programs (
)
Next.
17. Outlook: Customize Default Profile (
Outlook: ) Modify Profile
Next.
18. Outlook: Specify Exchange Settings (
Outlook: Exchange)
Do not configure an Exchange server connection
Next.
19. Outlook: Add Accounts ( Outlook: ) Do not customize
Outlook profile and account information Next.
20. Outlook: Remove Accounts and Export Settings
( Outlook:
) Next.
21. Outlook: Customize Default Settings (
Outlook: )
Next.

365

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


I Microsoft Office 7003 Custom Installation Wizard
Add, Modify, or Remove Shortcuts
Modfiy or remove existing shortcuts to Mci rosoft Ofice appc
li ato
i ns, or add new shortcuts to Mci rosoft Ofice appc
il ato
i ns or other
appcil ato
i ns or files.
:
Instated | Mot Instaled 1
________
__
Locato
in
<5tartMenu\Programs>\Mcirosoft Ofice

Add.. I Modify.. J Remove [

p Create Wn
i dow Installer shortcuts if supported
Cancel

< Back

Clext >

Einish J

. 18.4.

22. Specify Send/Receive Group Settings (


)
Next.
23. Modify Setup Properties (
) Next.
24. Save Changes ( )
Finish. MST.
, Custom Installation
Wizard, ( ).
Exit.

Outlook, Word Excel
:
5 OutlookWordExcel.MST;
8 Microsoft Office
Outlook, ( ) Office Shared

366

18.
Microsoft Office 2003 Custom Installation Wizard
Add, Mcdify, or Remove Shcrtcute
Modfiy or remove existkig shortcuts to Microsoft Office applications,
or add
ew shortcuts to Microsoft Office applications or other
: n
applications or
files.
:;
!
. ' . ':
Installed Uot Instaled I

:
Microsoft Office Excel 2003
Microsoft Office Outlook 2003
I Microsoft Office Word 2003

(Location
<StartMenu\Programs>\Microscirt Office\Microoft Office Tools
<StartMenu\Programs>\Microsoft office
<StartMenu\Programs>\Microsoft Office
<StartMenu\Programs>\Microstft Office

Create Windows Installer shortcuts if supported


Help

. 18.5.

Features Office.
,
Outlook, Word Excel.
13 . 18.5.

Outlook, Word, Excel Access
:
5 AccessOutlookWordExcel.MST;
8 Microsoft Office
Outlook, Microsoft Office Excel, Microsoft Office Word, Microsoft Office
Access Office Shared Features
, Office Visual Basic for Applications.
;
13 Access.

367

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



Word
:
5 Word.MST;
8 Microsoft Office Word
Office Shared Features Office.
;
13 Word.
, .
MST,
MSI
, .

18.7.6.
, . ,
Active Directory.

Outlook
Outlook :
1. 001 Active Directory .
2. (study.local)
.
3. Install Outlook 2003.
4. :

. .
, .
5. \ .
6.
(. 18.6).
7.
MSI Office.
, (
). .

368

18.
I n Group Policy Object Editor
i

; $* * * . ' GDjIiS \

0l . 1 ?:d_

Z ^ , ^ L : L : . 1 : : . . ^ : , L .

^ f Install Outlook 2002 [srv


S $
;
l-S-j [
- $1 C J Windows ;
ItJ i i ] ';
4 C
a GJ

. : . :

| | ... 1
.

D Windows
\ :.
&

ft

>

..
;

;.;:<

<1-

,: '

1
; '-' .',

./.<_,

'

-, :

:, '..,.

. 18.6.

8.
( MSI
MST).
.
9.
Microsoft Outlook 2003.

. .

'

'<_

'

. 18. 7.
369

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


10. (
): ,
,
, ,
.
11. . 32-
86 ... ,
. .
12.
Out l o o k . MST. ! .
13. . (study,
local) .
.
.

Outlook, Word Excel

,
.
1. 001 Active
Directory .
2.
Marketing .
3.
Install Outlook, Word, Excel 2003.
4.
\ \
.
5.
.
6.
MSI Office. ! ( ).
.
7. .
.

370

18.

8.
Microsoft Outlook 2003.
9. (
): , , ,
.
10. . 32-
86 ... ,
. .
11.
OutlookWordExcel.MST. ! .
12. .

Word
,
. ,
.
1. 001 Active Directory
.
2. (Store)
.
3.
Publish Word 2003.
4. \ \ .
5.
.
6. MSI
Office. !
( ). .
7. .
.
8.
Microsoft Word 2003.
9. (
): , -

371

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, ,
.
10. . 32-
86 ... ,
. .
11.
Word.MST.
! .
12. .


Office
Outlook, Word, Excel Access.
1. 001 Active Directory
.
2. (Managers) .
3.
Install Outlook, Word,
Excel, Access 2003.
4. \ .
5.
.
6. MSI
Office. !
( ).
.
7. .
.
8.
Microsoft AccessWordExcelOutlook 2003.
9. (
): ,
, ,
.

372

18.

10. . 32-
86 ... ,
. .
11.
AccessWordExcelOutlook.MST.
!
.
12. .


.
,
. :
1. 001 Active Directory
.
2. Marketing.
3. .
.
, Install Outlook, Word,
Excel 2003 .
4. .
Outlook

Outlook ,
. , Outlook, IT.
1. 001 Active Directory
.
2. IT.
3. .
.
, Install Outlook, Word,
Excel 2003 .
4. .
.
.

373

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



Outlook 2003.
1. 001 iTManagerl.
2.
. ,
,
.
3.
Microsoft Outlook.
4. .
5. .
:
1. 001 .
2. >
Microsoft Outlook.
3. Microsoft Excel. , ,
, .
4. Microsoft Excel.
, , . .
.
5. .
6. .
:
1. 001 ( , Storel).
2. > ,
Office.
3.
.
4. .
5. Microsoft Word 2003.
6. .
. ,
.
:
1. 001 .

374

18.

2. ->
Microsoft Office: Microsoft Access, Word, Excel Outlook.
3. ,
.

1.
.
2. Microsoft Outlook, Word, Excel Access 2002
. , ,
. , ,
,
.
3. .

18.7.7.


Windows 2000/XP/2003.
,
:

.
.
.
, .
.


- .

(,
),
:
1. . ,
.

375

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, , , ,
, ( , )
.
2. ,
(
)
.
. , ()
, .
(, DLL)

(, DLL),

MSI.
:
1. DLL MSI ( ).
2. .
.
MSP,
, 20,
Service Pack.

18.8.
,
, , .
.
, , .
: ,
? , Adobe
Acrobat Reader? ?

. :
1. SRVR001 .
376

18.

2. ,
.
3. \

.
4.
. ,
.
5. .
,
, .

18.9.

, , ( ).
,
MSI.

:
. ,
, .
. ,
. ,
.

, ,
, .

( ). , . ,

377

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


,
.

. ,
,
. ,
,,
.

. -
,
.


, ,
( ).

.
, . ,
.

.
, ,

.

1000
,
. -

378

18.

.
, ,
, -,
.

18.10.
.
Windows 2000/2003

.
,
. ,
, , MSI.
.
,
,
.
,
( Windows XP
Professional/Windows 2000).
, . (
)
( Windows Server 2003).
.
,
.
. ,
.
.
, .

(, ), .

.
379

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



Office 2003.
, . ,
Custom Installation Wizard,
Office 2003 Resource Kit
.

.
.


: Microsoft Outlook
2003 ( ), Microsoft
Word 2003, Microsoft Excel 2003 ( ) Microsoft
Access 2003 ().
SRVR001 ,
001 Office 2003
Resource Kit Active Directory 4
, .
,
.
,
,
. .

380








Active Directory








Windows Server 2003
Windows 2000 Server
MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003

. , .
, , .
, Microsoft Office 2003.
, .
? -
WINNT.SIF ,
? ,
,

MSI?
( ,
, non-MSI )
Windows Server 2003 .

Microsoft Office 2003 ,
.
, setup.exe.
, ,
.

382

19.

.
, , .
- , ?
, ?
, Windows Server
2003, .

19.1.
.
, ,
- CD-ROM.

19.1.1.
, :
Active Directory.
Active Directory. (peer-to-peer)
.
DNS. DNS. , , DNS Active
Directory .
DHCP. DHCP,
IP- .
. ,
,
(Preboot execution Environment). ,
boot ROM, .
-,
: IP- DHCP.

.

( ) .

383

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


- ,
, .
RBFG.EXE,
.

19.1.2.

, , ,
.
,
. :
. Windows
Server 2003.
. . ,
.
Active Directory.
.
,
.
.
( ), ,
. ,
NTFS.
.
.
.
.
CD-ROMy, ,
.
Windows Server 2003 :
Windows 2000 Professional.
Windows 2000 Server.
384

19.
W i n d o w s 2000 A d v a n c e d server.
W i n d o w s X P Professional.

Windows Server 2003.


Windows 2000 Server Windows 2000 Professional.


, Windows
XP Professional.

19.2.

1. SRVR001 .
2. , :, NTFS. ( SRVR001 ), .
3. .
4.
Windows.
5. (Remote
Installation Services) .
6. Windows Server 2003 .

-.
7. Windows .
8. .
9. .
10. >
ri-setup. . . .
11.
E:\RemoteInstall .
12. .
13. CD-ROM - Windows XP Professional.
14.
Windows CD-ROM
( ). .
13 . 446

385

Microsoft Windows Server 2003




, Windows.

- Windows.
. jp\! 386

'

. 9. /. Windows XP Professional

15. Windows
, Windows XP Professional (
WXPPRO). .
16. . , ,

.
17. . -
, .
18. Windows XP Professional.
Windows XP
Professional, .
19. .

. ,
, .
.

386

19.

, :
* njnoi
t .
Windows






DHCP-

hdlscom2.nt2..

. 19.2.
Windows Professional

19.2.1.
1. 001 .
2. Active Directory .
3. Domain Controllers
SRVR001. , .
4. | | !

:;:
|
"'
.
,
'- , ':.. .'

,

-' ;
W / . .

' .. ' '


.
' . i
(. 19.3).
;

111 :

j
^ ft

EcwHasTOhi cepeftfj '^ ^*


, " ".

^ .
un J ;|

..

. 19.3. ~ ~
WJ^Bm

<

3 8 7

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


,
. .
, . , .

19.3.



, . , , RIS (Remote Installation Service). Users.

.
,
.
RIS
, ,
.
,
:

.

.
.
22.

19.4.
Active Directory
.
.

388

19.

,
, , .
, ,
GUID/UUID ( ). ,
, , BIOS.
{921FB974-ED42-11BE-BACD-00AA0057223}. Active Directory
GUID.
, ROM ( )?
GUID -
, 32- .
, MAC 02-50-56-42-BF-8B
GUID { 00000000-0000-0000-0000-02505642BF8B }.
, Active Directory. ( GUID
MAC ) . ,

. ,
,
.

19.4.1.
Active Directory

, Active Directory
. :
1. 001 .
2. Active Directory .
3.
.
4. (
),

RIS ( )
.

389

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

19.4.

5. {GUID/UUID}
( , . 19.4). .
6. .


.
7. .

.
,
.

19.5.
,
, Active Directory.
?
ROM,
IP- DHCP, IP-
. ,
, F12 .

390

19.

F12
, , .
, .
, , .

19.5.1.

- STARTROM.COM,
, .

, .
STARTROM.COM STARTR0M.N12:
1. 001 .
2. \\SRVR001\REMINST\OSChooser\i386.
3. STARTROM.COM STARTROM.BAK,
STARTROM.N12 STARTR0M.COM.
,
, :
1. 001 .
2. Active Directory .
3. (study.local),

.
4. Remote Installation Service,
\
Windows\Oiy}K6a
.
5. .

.
1 .
- .

, ,
.

391

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



, 2.
. .

19.5.2.

1. 001 .
2. (
DEPLOY. CAB, Windows XP Professional Windows Server 2003
Support\Tools).
3. ,
(RIS), Windows XP Professional.
4. .
5. , 2.
:
.

.
6. REMBOOT.SIF
C:\WINDIST.

19.5.3.

1. 001 .
2. Active Directory
SRVR001.
3. . ,

(SRVR001).
4.

. .

392

19.

5.
.
6.
WXPPRO .
7.
, SRVR001 (, \\SRVR001\c$\windist\
remboot.sif). .
8. , , .
.
9.
.
10. . SRVR001
.
, ( , )
. .
, , .


, .

.
, .'.
"

;
. nytfc .

:
:


JVUvr^i^

WXPPR0
|

1;

19.5.

393

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

19.5.4.

,
, , ,

. .
,
( ), ,

Active Directory:
1. 001 .
2. Active Directory .
3.
.
(SRVR001).
4. , , Microsoft Windows XP
Professional .
5.
. .


:. .
.
:

malically instaHs Microsfi windows XP Pr^essionawilbout


[prompting the user foi input.

" ; - ;

.
"

! .
: '

.:

.! :
\ :

- -

5 [0).
. English
17 2005.. 0:47:41
Rat' '..'''
WXPPRG
... I

. 19.6.
394

19.

6. . ,
Authenticated Users.
7. , , .
.
,

.

,
, .

, , RIS.
,
.

19.6.

, . ,
,
.
, , . , ,

, ,
.
,
,
,
setup.exe, .

395

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

19.6.1. -
- ,
. :
.
.
. , . ,
NETLOGON, , .
NETLOGON
-, NETLOGON.
, ( NETLOGON) ,
, .
. ,

.
. , ,
.
-, , 001.

19.6.2.

. ,
,
.
? ?
Windows Server 2003 .
, NTFS
(Single Instance Store),
, Single Instance Store
.

, . ,

396

19.

, .
.
, 001 .
:
1. 001 .
2. Windows
\\SRVR001\RemoteInstall\Admin\i386.
riprep.exe (Remote Installation Preparation).
3. . .
4. SRVR001 .
5. , (, WXPTEL).
6.
(, Windows XP Pro +
Apps) (, Windows XP Professional
Installation with...).
. .
7.
. (, riprep.exe).
8. , .
.
9.
.
.
.
10. .
.
, .
11. .
, .
.

19.6.3.
1. 001 .
2. Active Directory .
3. SRVR001
.
397

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


4. SRVR001
. .

,
.

19.7.

19.7.1. ,


. ,
, ,
.

19.7.2. ,

-.
RBFG.EXE
.
.
, .
:
1. 001 .
2. Windows
\\SRVR001\REMINST\Admin\i386.
3. RBFG.EXE.
4. . , .
,
.
5. ,
.

398

19.
.
RIDISK,
.

19.8.
? ?
?
, RIPREP.EXE,
,
HAL (Hardware Abstraction Layer). -, , HAL ACPI,
.
, RIPREP.EXE, ,
:
HAL.
ACPI HAL (Advanced Configuration and Power
Interface).
APIC HAL (Advanced Programmable Interrupt
Controller).
.
HAL , %systemroot%\
system32 HAL.DLL,
.

399

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

19.9.

,
. ,
.
.

19.9.1. -
, , ,
- ( ,
) .
, , -,
. , ?
1. ,
RBFG.EXE.
2. BIOS ,
, .
3. .
, -.

19.9.2.

, , .
( ):
DHCP.
DNS.
.
:
Exchange
SQL.
.

400

19.


. ,
.
,
.

19.9.3.

. ,
, 75.

,
, .
. Windows server 2003
;
, .

1. 001 DHCP.
2. DHCP .
3.
, IP- . .
.
, DHCR
Enterprise Admins.

401

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

19.10.
Windows
Server 2003
Windows 2000 Server
:
Windows 2000
Professional, Windows 2000 Server, Windows 2000 Advanced server,
Windows XP Professional Windows Server 2003 (
Windows 2000 Server
Windows 2000 Professional, Windows
XP Professional).
.

(Ri-setup).
HAL
.
64- Windows Server 2003
Windows XP Professional.
, ,
.
OSCML OSC (Operating System Chooser).
, ,
.
:
LOGIN.OSC .
CHOICE.OSC .
OSCHOICE.OSC ,
.
WARNING.OSC
.
INSTALL.OSC , .
CUSTOM.OSC
, .
OSC,
.

402

19.

19.11.
Windows Server
2003.
() Sysprep (
).

DNS, DHCP Active Directory.
Windows 2000 (
Datacenter Server). ,
PCI.
, Active Directory, DHCP.
.
.
, ,
, .
,
.
, Active Directory
UUID/GUID.

SRVR001 . Windows XP
Professional , Windows XP Professional
Windows XP Professional
.
RIS.
, , .
,
. (
), .
Windows Server 2003/XP.

403

Service Pack
SP



SP Office


Office

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003


Microsoft
. .
( )
, .
- .
,
(, , ), ,
. - ( Microsoft).
Beta 2 ( Beta ). ,
, -
, , .
.
, ,

, .
,
.
RC (Release Candidate).
. ,
. ,
.

405

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, .
, RC
, .
, ,

. ,
.
Beta RC ,
.
Microsoft ,
(
).
, ,
, . ,


. .
Service Pack.

20.1. SP

, . ( ) ,
.
, , , , , , . ,
, , .
, , , , ,
,
. ,
. , SP , .

406

20. Service Pack

Windows NT 4.0 . , SP
( , ),
, (, , .
). Windows 2000 .

.

20.1.1.
Service Pack
. .
:
CD-ROM Windows XP SP1
Microsoft. CD-ROM, , ,
.

Microsoft www.microsoft.ru.
.
. ,
, SP (
)
.
Microsoft. Microsoft, MSDN TechNet,
CD-ROM DVD
.
.
.
,
.
, . ,
, .
CD-ROM (DVD) , .
, . ,
.

407

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

20.1.2.
SP Windows XP .
, .
.

,
, . . .
, , .

(
, ),
EN.
, .
, , EN SP Windows XP Professional RU,
.

20.1.3.
SP , .
,
,
.
:
.
.

, .
, SP Windows
.

2
Windows XP Professional.

408

20. Service Pack

- . . CD-ROM,
, ; CD-R
CD-RW.
.
, RIS.
, .

.
.
, :

.
.
SMS.
.

.
Service Pack.
:
1. - Service Pack
(XPSP_.exe _ 1,
2 . .) .
2.
.
3. XPSP_.exe. , .
4. .
5. . ( ),
.
XPSP_.exe
. 20.1.

409

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


XPSP_.exe Update.exe

20.1

/help

/quiet

/passive

. ,

/uninstall

/norestart

/forcerestart

/I

/n

. ,
,

/f

/integrate:
<>

, .

/!:<>


Service Pack .
,
.

.
,

.
:
1.

X P S P _ . e x e / : < > /U

.
X
update.exe. < >
, .

410

20. Service Pack

2. .
3. .
4. .
, . update.exe ,
20.1.
. .
S M S

.
,
SMS 2.0
Service Pack 4.

XPSP_.exe update
UPDATE.MSI.
Windows, 18. .
, ,

. Active Directory
.

20.2.
,
. ,

. ,
,
.
, Active
Directory 411

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


. , SRVR001 Windows Server
2003. , . .

Windows XP Professional, , .

.
SP
. , ,
,
,
.


SRVR001 Install
, Office.

SP Windows XP Professional? ,
.


1. SRVR001 .
2. - SP Windows
XP Professional.
3. >
F:\XPSP_.EXE/X: C:\InstallApp\XPSP_.EXE /U OK
(F: -).
.
,
.

4. XPSP_.
.
Domain Computers
.
412

20. Service Pack


:
1. 001 .
2. Active Directory .
3. Computers.
4. Install XPSP_.
5. . \ \
.
6.
.
7. , UPDATE.MSI.
8. .
9. .
10. WMI,
. WMI
(. 20.1). .

WMI

;T^v

1
' .
'

1
4ndt3i

j ... ] ...
04012005
4\01\2005

GK
.;

|
1
|

!
1...

" ^1

]< >

^: ]<>

. :

. 20.1. WMI
413

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


11. . (
) Only Windows XP Professional ( For
Windows XP Professional). :
Root\CimV2; Select * from Win32_OperatingSystem
where BuildNumber = "2600"
12. , .
.
13. Install XPSP_.
14. .
Service Pack Windows XP Professional
. 001
.
.
Windows XP Service Pack _.

.

20.3.
.
,
,
. ,
.
Windows, :
1. ,
Windows XP Professional,
Service Pack.
D:\XPSP_.exe /X C:\TEMPSP_ /U
( TEMPSP_ ).
2. :
:\TEMPSP_\update.exe
414

/S:C:\WXPPRO

20. Service Pack

( WXPPRO Windows Professional.).


3. TEMPSP_.

Service Pack.

20.4.

, 19, Service Pack .

20.4.1. Risetup

Service Pack. Windows XP.

20.4.2. Riprep
Riprep
.
, SP.

. :

Risetup (
).

20.5. SP Office
Office
,
.
SP Microsoft
.
. .
415

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


. , Office.
. , 5
,
.
.

. , , Office.
Office 2003 Service Pack ( Office Service
Release).

20.5.1.
. Service Pack . ,
: http://office.microsoft.com/download. . , ,
Office .

20.5.2.
.
, .


, .
Office 2003. ,
.

, Office . ,
, , .
416

20. Service Pack


, ,
Service Pack ,
SRV001.

Office . ,
,
. ,
.
Office .
.
, .

1. SRV001 .
2. (, TEMPSP_, _
). , , ,
.
3. Office2003SP_.EXE.
4. ->
/. .
5.
(C:\TEMPSP_).
. MSP.

20.5.3.

MSP , .
,
.
1. SRVR001 .
14 . 446

417

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


2. > :
m s i e x e c / "C:\TEMPSP1\OWC11SP1FF.MSP" / a "\\SRVR001\
InstallApp\Office
2003\OWC11.MSI" SHORTFILENAMES=TRUE

3. Microsoft Office 2003 Web


Components .
(Install).
4. D:\InstallApp\Office 2003 .
, .
5. -> :
msiexec /p "C:\TEMPSP1\MAINSP1FF.MSP" /a "\\SRVR001\
InstallApp\Office 2003\PROll.MSI" SHORTFILENAMES=TRUE
, ,
, .
. ,
.

20.6.

Microsoft Office 2003, .
, -, 10,100 1000, . , ,
, .
Active Directory :
1. 001 .
2. Active Directory .
3. Shop.
4. ,
Office 2003 ,
.
5. \ .
6. . .

418

20. Service Pack

7. ,
(
).

( ), . -
.
.
,
.
,
. ,
.

20.7.
Office

, .

Service Pack, Hotfix.

Microsoft. Service Pack,
. ,

. ,
.
.
, .

20.8.
Service Pack
,
, . Microsoft -

419

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


,
.
SP .
.
( ),
( Office).
SP Windows XP Professional
, Office .
.
Microsoft , , .
,
,
, Office .
MSP .

Office SRVR001. Windows
XP Professional, , SP1
Office SP2.

420

()

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003


. ,
.

. ,

.
Microsoft Windows XP Professional Windows 2000. Windows-
Windows NT , , ,
Windows NT4.0 ,
Windows 9x/ME .
Windows 2000/2003
.

21.1.
, , ,

. , , , .

422

21. .


() , .
, , :
,
.

21.1.1.
Windows ,

.

.
, .
, , ,
, ( )
.
( ,
, ,
, )
Windows XP Professional. ,
Windows 2000 . .

21.1.2. ?
, , .
,
( ), .
.
, ,
, .
,
, ;

423

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



.
Windows 2000,
Windows XP Professional Windows Server 2003
.
.
,
,
: Windows 2000/XP/2003,
Windows 9/ Windows NT 4.0.
. ,
.
1. 001 (,
Shop3).
2. (
).
3. . ,
.
.

,
, . Windows 2000, Windows XP
Professional . , , ,


. Windows
.
, , , ,
.
, ,
. .
.

424

21. .

21.1.3.

, - . , ,
, .
1. 001 .
2.
- .
3. .
.
, , .
.
.
Windows XP Professional Windows
2000 .
(Windows 2000 Server Windows Server 2003)
, , . ,
?

21.1.4.
.
, ;
,
,
(, ).
, .

,
. , ,
, , .
Windows Server 2003
: , .
,
.


. -

425

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


.
10% .
,
.
, . ,
, .
1. SRVR001 .
2. : \Automatic, .
, , .
3.
.
.
.
4. 001 (,
Shop2).
5. , .
6. \\SRVR001\Automatic , .
7. > ,
. ,
.
8. ,
.
,
( , ,
). ,
.
,
.
, .


, , .

426

21. .

. ,
, .
,
, . .
, ,
,
, .
1. SRVR001 .
2. : \Automatic
.

, .
.
3. : \Automatic .
4. 001 .
5. , ,
\\SRVR001\Automatic.
6. .
7. > ,
.
, .
:
. ,
.

:
1. \\SRVR001\Automatic.
2. ,
,
.
. .
3. .
.
4.
. .

427

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


5. ( ,
, ).
- ,
. .
. 21.1 Windows 2000/XP Windows Server 2003.

Windows 2000/XP

21.1
Windows Server 2003

,
(Only the files and programs that users
specify will be available offline)

8
(All files and programs that users open from the share will
be automatically available offline)

To +

21.1.5.


Windows 2000//2003, , .
,
.
,

.
.
.

, .
.
, .

428

21. .

.
1. 001
Active Directory .
2.
Shop .
3.
. Offline Files (Shop).
4. \ \\ .
5. , . :
;
;
(
).
;
(
\ \SRVR001 \ ).
6. 001 (, Shopl). .
7. \ \SRVR001 \
.
.
8. ->
.
,
.
, .
, .
, .
,

, ,
. .
.
429

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


?

.
?
. ,
.
, ( ),
.
(, ) . ,
.

,
.
> .
, . .
,
.
,
.

21.1.6.
.
%Systemroot%\Client S i d e Caching.
, ,
.
, !
.

,
. :

430

21. .

1. ->
.
2. .
.
3. , .
, ,
.
,
.

.
: Ctrl+Shift, .


(,
).
% S y s t e m r o o t % \ C l i e n t S i d e Caching .
Offline Files Cache Mover (cachemov.exe)
Resource Kit Windows 2000 Professional.

21.1.7.

, .
,
,
, . (
Windows XP).
, ,

.
22 ,
.

431

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

21.1.8.
,
FAT32, NTFS?
, ,
,
?
, . Microsoft . FAT32,
: , .
21.1.9.


. 21.2
.

21.2

. ,
( )

. (
) (
)


, , ,
,
,
. ,

21.1.10. ,

, . ,
, .

432

21. .

(. 21.3).
,
.
,

21.3

, 10000
(, 1000=10%)

,
,


.
SLM, MDB, LDB.MDW.MDE,
PST DB


( 64 /),

21.2.


17 ,

.
.

433

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



?
18
MS Office, 20 Service Pack.

? ,
, !
,
, IntelliMirror
.

21.2.1. ?
,
.
: ,
,
.
Windows 2000
, .
, , ,
.
,
,
\\
. , ,
,
.
500 /.
:

434

( ).
.
EFS.
IP.

21. .

, :

.
.
.
.
Internet Explorer.

,
.
,
. , , 21.4.

21.4


Internet
Explorer

,
\ Windows\
Internet Explorer

,

\

,
\ Windows\

,
Windows\CneHapnH

,
\ \
\

21.2.2. ?

. ,
.

128 /. .
, ,
, , :
MS Office (
).

435

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


,
.
,
( 500 /)? .

: ,
,
.
, .
128 / 500 /
.

21.2.3. ?
, .
, .
, ,
.
.

\ \\ .

, .
, TCP/IP.

, ,
,
.
, UNC- ,
,
.

,
,
. .

\ \\ .

436

21. .
,
,
.

. , .

21.3.

, 002 .
. ,
, ,
,
, .

, , Portable Computers.
, ,
.
:
\\ :
;
.
\\ :
( ).
:
\\ \
.

21.4.

.

437

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, .
, ,
. ,
,
.
NTFS, FAT.
.
, , ,
.
500
/. ,

. ( ),
,
.


.

. ,

, .

,
.

438

EFS

( Windows XP/2003)

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERYEFt 2003



. . ,
, .
, , , .
, , ( ) ,
. , 16. , - .
.
, ,
, -, , HTTP, . ,
. , ,
, ,
, .
, .
. ,
.

22.1.
Microsoft?

. ,
Windows 2000/XP/2003 Microsoft, ,
. ,
.

440

22. .

,
( )
. ,
, , , .
. ,
, . ,
, .
? ,
, , ( ).
.
, .
, . , ,
100%.
. ,
, ,
.
, .
Microsoft.
Windows 2000
. ,
, . Windows 2000
Server , , -.
,
.
Windows Server 2003
Windows Server 2000.
Microsoft
"Trustworthy Computing" ( ).
, . , , , ,

.
Windows Server 2003
, . ,
. - 441

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


Windows Server 2003 ,
. ,

.
, , , , ,
.
?
, .

. , , ,
, :
, ,
. , .
,
Service Pack.
, :

, .
. Service Pack ,
.
.
, , , , .
,
. .

, ,
. ,
, .
, , ,
.
Windows 2000/XP/2003 .
,
, -.
- .

442

22. .


( 1) ( 2)
NTFS.
,
.

(FAT FAT32), NTFS.
.

, NTFS,
( dual-boot multi-boot , ), NTFS.
NTFS . . ,
.
, , ,
,
.
,
.

,
, . , , ,
NTFS, .

22.2. EFS
(Encrypting File System, EFS)
NTFS Windows, Windows 2000.
. , , , 0
.

. (
) . , :

443

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


.
, .
,
.
, , EFS,
. ,
( ), .
.

22.2.1.

, . , .
.
.
.

, () .
, . , , ,
.
. ? ? ? :
.
, ,
, .
; .

,
, .

444

22. .

,
.
.
, .
, .
,
. ,
.

, ,
, ,
.
.
:
,
(, 123).
, . , .
,
(). ,
, (,
XYZ567).
,
. , ,
. ,
12 3.

. ,
,
.
, . EFS.
,
,
.
, Windows 2000,
, -

445

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


. , D:
. , :.
.
, ,
, ,
Windows 2000 Windows XP Professional .
.
EFS Windows XP
Home Edition.

22.2.3. ,
EFS
, EFS .
, , .
:
() .
Windows
XP Professional Windows 2000,
, Windows XP Professional.

22.2.4.

. ?
. ,
.
. , ( ,
), ,
, .
, .
, ,
,

446

22. .

(Certification authority, CA).


, ,
.
, . ,
.
, , (Public Key
Infrastructure, PKI).

EFS ,
.

22.2.5.

, , :
1. 001
Active Directory .
2. Users
ef s u s e r .
3. ef s u s e r .
4. \EFSUSER.
.
.
5. .
6.
.
7. .
8.
.
.
:
1. 001 .
2. : \EFSUSER. ( Windows XP

447

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, Windows 2000 ). , .
, ef s u s e r ,
,
. (
), , , .
, .
, ,
. ,
. ,
,
ef s u s e r , ? - ? ,

.


ef s u s e r .
, .
, .
, .
1. 001 ef s u s e r .
2. .
3.
.
4. \\

efsuser.
. , ( ).

. ,
100 , .
? , ?
.
e f s u s e r , . ,

448

22. .



. ,


.

EFSUSER

EFSUSER

20.06.2005 27.05.2105
, .

. 22.1. efsuser

. ,
,
.
,
(, EFS).
.
, . , -
e f s u s e r ,
. -
. , e f s u s e r
.

22.3.
( Windows XP/2003)
, . Windows XP Professional

. Windows 2000 .
15 . 446

449

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


1. 001 e f s u s e r .
2. .

. .
3. ,
,
. . , .
. 001

, ,
e f s u s e r .
4. : .
, , Shopl .
5. . , .
,
, .
, -
001.
,
,
, .
()
, - , ,
,

.
,
,
Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Edition, .
- .
, Windows Server 2003 Standard Edition, Active Directory. To

, -
.

450

22. .
Windows 2 0 0 0 / 2 0 0 3

Windows
2000/2003 :
. ( Enterprise CA)
. , , .

, .

, .
.
( )
, , .
,
.
, , .
, .
.
, .
.
, , .
.
.


, , . ,
, . ,
.
1. SRVR001 .
2.
Windows.
451

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


3. Windows (Certificate Services).
,
.
.
4. .
5.
(, Study CA). ,
() .
5 . .
.
6.
. ,
-
Windows Server 2003.
7. .
.
.
. IIS.
( ),
.
windows

& [ ^ .

f

"
1

UC
" "" : "
~

I ;
I UC
:

"

< I

> ]

. 22.2.
452

22. .
Windows

. Qdmee UD

DC=study.DCo
lcal
:

;
20.0S. 201020:35

. 22.3.



:
1. 001 ef s u s e r .
2. .

. .
,
, .
.
3. .
iTManagerl. ,
ITManagerl.
4. ITManagerl .
, ITManagerl .

, , , ,
, .

453

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



, .
, ,
Active Directory. , - .
, Active Directory .
:
Active Directory Windows Server 2003.
EFS .
Windows Server
2003 Enterprise Edition.

.
Windows XP Professional.
, Windows Server 2003 Standard Edition, ,
,
Active Directory.
:

.
.

.



, , , . ,
.
,
EFS .
:
1. SRVR001 .
2. .
3. , EFS

454

22. .

" ! - [ 1]
'$}

* j \

Qfina

^ :

2
1.
-

^ ()
Exchange (...
3Jj|
-
if- -
^
^
^
( )
^
^
!&]
^
jjjjjj
4 3 Exchange
4 -

<1

: 31

j P?f.aw
Widows Server 2003 En,.,
Windows 2000

105.0
4.1

He

Whdows 2000
Windows 2000
Windows 2000

5.1
4.1
4.1

He

Wiidows 2000
Windows 2000
Windows 2000
Windows 2000
Windows 2000

4.1
6,1
5.1
4.1
5.1
4.1

He
He
He
He
He
He
He

Windows 2000
Wiidows Server 2003, En...
Windows 2000
Whdows 2000
WHdows 2000

105.0
3.1
3.1
5,1

Windows 2000
Windows 2000
Windows 2000

3.1
7.1
11.1

Wiidows Server 2003, En..,


Windows 2000
Windows Server 2003, En...

115.0
3.1


(^
^

(^ Exchange

Windows Server 2003, En...


Wiidows 2000

HO.O
101.0
6.1

^
( Exchange

Windows 2000
Windows Server 2003, En...

4.1
106.0

He
He

..
1

He
He
He
He
He
He

He

....

J. "

. 22.4.

(Autoenrollment)
(Not Allowed). , , ,
, .
4.
EFS . .
5.
EFS,
AutoEnrollBasicEFS.
.
6.
, .
.
7.
(Read), (Enroll) (Autoenroll). Authenticated Users,
Domain Users.

455

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



] { }

|

|

:

:
^ (EFS
;
Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition
, ,
!4 .
:

[&
. :

:
6 (

JJM

; " A
~ Hg ,
Active Directory

. 22.5.
,


j | ]
;
:

: |
^

" ^
7
~

' ( -iep '' J1024

'.: -,I:;AS -.&

_^j

W

;
:,
(* ,
*"*"
>- ^

.

(CSPJ "",

..

. 22.6.
,
456

22. .

. |

|

j
. \ } ..
:

63 Authentc
i ated Users
2 Domain Admins (STUDY\Domain Admins)
fJ3 Domain Users (STUDYSDomain Users)
6 3 Enterprise Admins (STUDYVEnterprise Admins)
,.,
^ .


, ;.".'.

. 22.7.
,


1. 001
Active Directory .
2.
EFS.
3. \ Windows\IIapaMeTpbi \
.
4.
,
...
.
5. .
.
, Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition.
:
1. Windows Server 2003,
Enterprise Edition .

457

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


2. .
3.
>
.
4.
.
. , Active Directory.

22.4.
, ,
. ,
, .
,
(
)
.
? ,
.
.
:
, .
,
, .
NTFS,
.
,
. , :
1. 001 ef s u s e r .
2. .
3. \\
.
ef s u s e r ,
ef s u s e r ,

458

22. .

. . .
4.
, .
,
. .
5. .
6.
.
7. ,
(, : \ef s u s e r \
key). .
8. .
.
,
, , .
-, .
:
1. 001
ef s u s e r , , .
2. 001 .
3. .
.
4. STUDY\ef s u s e r .
.
5. ef s u s e r .
, .
6.
: \ e f s u s e r . , .
, :
.
.

459

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


?
ef s u s e r - , .
, :

.

22.5.

1. 001 ef s u s e r .
2. .
3. \.
, (
ef s u s e r ).
4. > .
. .
5.
KEY . PFX ( ,
). .
6. ,
..., .
7. .
8. .
.
9.
.
10. . .
, .
,
.
,
, , , .
.

460

22. .

22.6.
,
:
1. (, e f s u s e r )
.
2. Windows XP Professional (FEK,
File Encryption Key), .
3. ,
FEK (DDF, Data
Decryption Field).
4. ,
FEK
(DRF, Data Recovery Field).
5. .
6. .
, ,
FEK . ,
,
, . ,
.

FEK,
1
FEK,
2

FEK,
1
FEK,
2

,
FEK

. 22.8.

461

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, ,
FEK, .

22.7.
.
1. 001 ef s u s e r .
2. ,
. ,
( ) ( ).
3. . .
,
.

1. 001
Active Directory .
2. Default Domain
Policy.
3. \ Windows\
\ \ EFS .
4. . ,
.
,
. , ,
.
, .

, .
, .

462

22. .

| |
:: |<>
.

EFS File Encryption Certificate.,.


24 2005 . 2:49:15
23 2008 . 2:49:15
EFSFile Encryption Certificate...
RSA (1024 Bits)
(1.3,.

17 b a 6d e 6 it a f d 23 d l 85 ?t
aO df 90 0 3 14

.,.

5 1 c c Ob Sd

.,, j

. 22.9.


,
.
,
. ,

.
. , , ? .
. ,
.
. , .

463

Microsoft Windows Server 2003




:
1. SRVR001
.
2.
\\.
.
, ,
.
3.
> .
. .
4.
,
.
5.
. .
6. .
.
9. ,
(, : \RA),
(, RA . PFX). .

.::..

;
.,,\ a ;; :. ,.
*

(
)
., - 5 # f (,p7l)j

; . . : ; " gjOToWb m .*>


(*" - PKCS #12 (.PFX)
"
!7 ( IE 5.0, NT 4.0 SP4 )

<

1 > I

. 22.10.
464

22. .

7. .
.
8. RA. PFX ( ) ( ).
, , , .


, .
:
1.
.
2. .
3.
.
.
4.
.
5. .
6. .

2 2 . 8 .
Microsoft , . Windows 2000 Windows Server 2003
,
.
, EFS. ,
.
Windows XP Professional
, Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Edition,
.
, .
, -

465

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


. , .
EFS , . ,
, . .


,
. .

466




DFS

SRVR002

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003


( )
, ,
..
, , ,
.
( DNS, DHCP WINS, ),
( , , ).
. .
IP DHCP:
,
.
,
.
- , .
, .

23.1.

,
. , .

468

23.

23.1.1.

. :


.
. ,
RAID, .
. , ,
,
. ,
,
DNS DHCP
.
, . ?
?
.

. , ,
,
. ,
: ,
.

, .
24.

469

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

23.1.2. NTFS
NTFS , . (, , ...),
, .
, .
NTFS
,
, . ,
, ,
, , .
NTFS
NTFS , , :
.
,
.
, ,
.

2 3 . 1 . 3 .
,
. , , .
,
, .

,
. , ,
. ,

(. 23.1).
.

470

23.
1*1
] } |
I 0 | ^ |
(pi

P0002

trpeft-Windows 2000):

. .' ". ' ^

': '""

"

-
.*.<-) -. ^a-Tjuj^rfribie
i .|& /.6 (,
. "

. 23.1.

23.1.4.
NTFS.
,
NTFS. ,
. ,
.
,
,
.

23.1.5.
.
,
,
, .
?

471

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



,
,
.

SID .
,
, . ,
SID, , ,
.
.

. , .


16 (NTBackup.exe).

,
, .
, ,
?
,
(Backup
Operators).

23.1.6.
,
.
, ,
. H K E Y L O C A L M A CHINE (. 23.2).
S h a r e s , , .. ,
.. S e c u r i t y
.

472

23.

? ,
(System State).
,
( ,
SID ). , , ,
. , Shares,
, .
- , .
, Shares REG,
.
,
.


j
!

I
j

, :;,: :;,

REG_SZ

SI-CU isapnp
- IsmServ

*|
1]( )

- Kbdclass
BCD kdc

QHP2100

-CjKSecDD
lanmanservt
j ; (Si Autotun
i ; CO Default;
i :' - C j Enum
H?"l Linkage
\ j -'(2j paramet
! |"!23 Security

QlnstallApp
. " SjLibrary
QNETLOGON

S)print$
I

Profiles
[j!>]REMINST
SY5VOL
TravProfiles

REGJ1ULTIJ5Z
REG_MULTI_SZ
REG_MULTI_SZ
REG_MULTI_SZ
REG_MULTI_SZ
REG_MULTI_SZ
REG_MULTI_SZ
REG_MULTI_SZ
REG_MULTI_SZ

| :
: ;
( ;
CSCFlags=0MaxUses=42i
CSCFlags=O MaxUses=42;
CSCFIags=O MaxUses=4i
CSCFlags=256 MaxUses=;
CSCFIags=O MaxUses=4J
CSCFlags=O MaxUses=42
CSCFlags=O MaxUses=42i
CSCFIags=256 MaxUses=
CSCFlags=O MaxUses=4i

ffl-Qj lanmanwork:

|-
E l G j Licenselnfo
i
i
1
<i.'

"(23 LicenseServi
1- LmHosts
- Ip6nds35
*,:
ffl-Qj
Messenger ( '

;
.!'..

| ""

1 LOCAL MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentCoril:ro(Set\Services\lanmanserverlShares
:
'
:-:
' ' :
'
'"-'
..-.'

x
"i

. 23.2.

473

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

23.2.

:

(SRVR002).
.
.
.
.

:
.
DFS (Distributing File System) .

23.2.1.
1,
. .
1. Windows Server 2003
study.local. ,
.
:
: SRVR002
: s t u d y . l o c a l
IP: 192.168.10.3
: 255.255.255.0
DNS: 192.168.10.2
.
2. Active Directory
SRVR002 s t u d y , l o c a l
.

.

23.2.2.

,
. ,

474

23.

, .

:
1. SRVR001 .
2. REGEDIT.EXE
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\
LanmanServer\Shares.
3. ->
L I B . R E G
:.


L i b r a r y ( ), ,
.
1. L I B . REG . ,
.
2. LIB. REG ,
L i b r a r y , .
SYSVOL=hex:01,00,04,80,5c,00,00,00,6,00,00,00,00,
00,00,00,14,00,00,00,02,00,\
48, 00, 03, 00,00, 00, 00, 00,14, 00, 9, 00,12,00, 01, 01, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 01, 00, 00, 00, \
00,00, 00,18, 00, ff, 0 1 , If, 00,01, 02, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 05, 20, 00, 00, 00, 20, 02, 00, 00, \
00, 00,14, 00, ff, 01, If, 00, 01, 01, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 05, 0b, 00, 00, 00, 01, 02, 00, 00, 00, \
00,00,05,20,00,00,00,20,02,00,00,01,01,00,00,00,00,00,05,12,00,00,00
NETLOGON=hex:01,00,04,80,48,00,00,00,58,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,14,00,00,00,02,\
00, 34, 00, 02, 00, 00, 00,00, 00,14, 00, a9, 00,12, 00, 0 1 , 01, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 01, 00, 00, \
00, 00, 00, 0 0 , 1 8 , 0 0 , f f , 0 1 , I f , 0 0 , 0 1 , 0 2 , 0 0 , 0 0 , 0 0 , 0 0 , 0 0 , 0 5 , 2 0 , 0 0 , 0 0 , 00,20, 02, 00, \
00, 01, 02, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 05, 20, 00, 00, 00, 20, 02, 00, 00, 0 1 , 01, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 05, \
12,00,00,00
Library=hex:01,00,04,80,30,00,00,00,40,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,14,00,00,00,02,\
00, l c , 00, 01, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00,14, 00, ff, 01, If, 00, 01, 01, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 05, 0b, 00, \
0 0 , 0 0 , 0 1 , 0 2 , 0 0 , 0 0 , 0 0 , 0 0 , 0 0 , 0 5 , 2 0 , 0 0 , 0 0 , 0 0 , 2 0 , 0 2 , 0 0 , 0 0 , 0 1 , 0 5 , 0 0 , 0 0 , 0 0 , 00,00, \
05,15,00,00,00,0d,a5,06,54,aa,36,59,b7,7d,2a,e2,fe,01,02,00,00

475

Microsoft Windows Server 2003




, , ,
.
,
:
1. SRVR001 .
2. .
- . ,
,
. .
.

Messenger. Windows Server 2003 , .

3. : \Library
.
4. (NTBackup.exe)
Library. L I B R A R Y . B K F .



L i b r a r y . , NTFS, ,
, .
1. SRVR002 .
2. .
3. LIBRARY.BKF : SRVR001
(

4.
C : \ L i b r a r y ,
.
NTFS,
SRVR001.
476

23.

L i b r a r y
SRVR001 SRVR002:
1. SRVR002 \\SRVR00l\c$ .
L I B . REG .

2. , , .
L I B . REG
.
3. SRVR002.
L i b r a r y , .
.
,
.
REGEDIT, .

?
UNC- \ \SRVR00l\Library,
\\SRVR002\Library. .
,
,
.

23.3.
DFS


DFS Windows
2000. Windows Server 2003
, , , . ,
,
.
DFS
,

477

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


. , ,
DFS ,
, .
DFS .
,
.
,
:
1. L i b r a r y
SRVR001.
2. SRVR002 L i b r a r y NTFS, L i b r a r y
SRVR001.
:
1. SRVR002 .
2. DFS.
,
.
3. DFS (Distributed File System)
.
. .
4.
.


.

*
SRVR002

< | ) |

. 23.3. SRVR002 DFS


478

23.

5.
s t u d y . l o c a l .
6. ,
DFS (SRVR002). .
7. (DFS),
UNC- ( \ \ s t u d y . local\DFS) . . ,
, C:\DFS
. .
]



DFS.

,
:

|DFS
UNC- :

:
JKopeHbDFS
:

< J

> |

. 23.4. DFS

DFS
.
DFS
.
.
Windows Server 2003 .
Windows 2000 .


DFS Windows Server 2003
. L i b r a r y ,
SRVR001:

479

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


1. DFS

.
2.
23.5. ,
UNC - . .

.


:
JLibfary
UNC- :
1\4STUDY\DFS\Libfafii

'

:
\\SRVR001SLibrary

,.

::

() :
|i800

OK

. 23.5. \\SRVR001\Library

DFS WSRVROOIX
L i b r a r y .
Library, .
,
W s t u d y . l o c a l \ D F S \ L i b r a r y .
, UNC-
, ,
.


,
UNC- \\SRVR001\Library
W s t u d y . l o c a l \ D F S \ L i b r a r y . ,
, , ,
.

480

23.

,
UNC-,
SRVR002.
.
Windows 9X/ME/NT DFS.

23.4.
SRVR002
23.4.1.

, UNC-
DFS, ,
, L i b r a r y . DFS
()
, ,
. , ,
.
DFS . L i b r a r y SRVR002.
:
1. DFS
L i b r a r y
.
2.
SRVR0 0 2 \ \ L i b r a r y .

.
3. , : .
,
Library .
. .
4. SRVR001X
L i b r a r y .
16 . 446

481

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


,
(,
: \DFS-Temp).
SRVR002.
5. SRVR001\Library .
, L i b r a r y
SRVR001 L i b r a r y SRVR002. .
6. .
15 L i b r a r y
SRVR002. ( ),
. ,
() .
:
1. SRVR001
- .
2. SRVR002 ,
( ).
3.
SRVR002.
4. ,
SRVR001.
,
DFS :
.
SRVR0 01N
L i b r a r y DFS.

23.4.2.

1. DFS L i b r a r y
. .
2.
SRVR001\Library .
3. . .

482

23.

UNC- \ \ s t u d y . l o c a l \
D F S X L i b r a r y , ,
SRVR002. , , ,
,
\\SRVR0 0 1 \ L i b r a r y .
SRVR001. ,
,
.

23.4.3.
SRVROO1
SRVR001:
1. SRVR001 .
2. :.
3. L i b r a r y ,
.
4. L i b r a r y .
DFS .
SRVR002
. UNC-,
.
()
. ( )
.
,
(
DESKTOP.INI).
DFS,
. SRVR002 DFS.
DFS,
. , DFS-
,
SRVR001.
1. DFS
( s t u d y . local\DFS)
.
.

483

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


2. . 23.5,
L i b r a r y .
.
3.
UNC- \ \ s t u d y . local\DFS\npoTOKonbi.

, DFS ( , ),
,
DFS. DFS.
, Active Directory, ,
. DFS
SRVR002.
SRVR002 , DFS
. , (,
\ \SRVR0 01 ) - , .
Windows 2000/2003.
:
1. DFS
( s t u d y . local\DFS)
.
2.
SRVR001 .
3.
: \DFS ( ,
DFS). .
4. , . .
5. .
() DFS.
6. SRVR001 : \DFS ,
-
DFS SRVR002.

SRVR002. ,
SRVR002
DFS-,
Wstudy . local.

484

23.

23.5.

DFS . , , .
:
.
:, .
,
.
. . ,
, .
16.
. SRVR001 Disk
quotas, Domain
Controllers. SRVR002 .
Disk quotas ,
SRVR002,
( 17). SRVR002.

23.6.
,
, ,
.
.
(, )
.
.
, (NTBackup.exe).
.
, NTFS, -

485

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


. ,
, , .

.
DFS.
.

.
, .

s t u d y . l o c a l SRVR002, .
DFS. : \ D F S
SRVR001 SRVR002
SRVR002.
SRVR002,
SRVR001 .
\\SRVR002\Library,
DFS \ \ s t u d y . 11\
DFSXLibrary.
SRVR002 , :.

486



-
?

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003


, , .
, ,
. , ,
,
. ,
,
.
Windows 2000/XP/2003 ,
.

24.1.

, .
,
. : 400 .

: D:?
, D:.
,
.
,
. , .
,
.
. , , ,
, , , ,
. .

488

24.
,
, , , . , , .

24.1.1. ?
,
.
:
.
.
.

.
.
SRVR001?
( 24.1).
SRVR001

24.1

D:

G:

Active Directory

Active Directory

I:

J:

SRVR002 24.2.
SRVR002

24.2

D:

SRVR001 , ,
7 ?
489

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


? .
,
. , , SRVR001 ( 24.3).
SRVR001

24.3

, , Active
Directory

D:

, , ,
Active Directory

. (, ),
.

24.1.2.
, .
, ,
.
,
, .
.
. D: :
1. SRVR001 .
2.

.
3. . .
4.
. .
5. D:
. ()
,

490

24.
;
[ ]

()

[ ^
\ :

I. :

D;
.

& :

6330
:. ..

! ^ ():

. J 512

| (): J 1)2- *
| ...

gp? 6 "


puit-iep;
;
;

'. i ;

3S2
384

. 24.1. ( )

, ()
.
6. .
.
7. :
. .
.
.
8. ,
.

, ,
.
.
, . .
, .



.
, , . , ,
. ,
.

491

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

24.1.3.
Active Directory
Active Directory
, .
.
Active Directory
:
1. ,
.
2.
(Directory Services Restore Mode).
3. , .
4. NTDSUTIL.
5. FILES, File Maintenance.
6. Active
Directory, move l o g s t o e : \ n t d s .
.
7. Active Directory,
File Maintenance move db t o ,
Active Directory.
8. INFO ,
.
9. quit,
.
10. .
,
,
, (
) .

24.2. -
?
, , , . , ,
, ,
, .

492

24.

, ,
, .
, . ,
,
.

, .
.

24.3.
Windows 2000/XP/2003 .
.
,
.
, , , Windows 2000
.

24.3.1.

(Master File Table, MFT).
.
.
,
. .

, ,
, . ,
,
, ,
.

493

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

24.3.2.
, .
,
, Windows 2000. ,
( );

, (
).
,
.

24.4.
, , ,
Windows Server 2003, .
, .

,
(. 24.2). .
1. , ,
.



I

1 .

,

.



Windows 2000
| Windows.
"".

. 24.2.
494

24.

2.
.
.
3. . .
Windows XP Professional
.

. .
, ,
, . .
:
1.
,
(. 24.3)
.
Computer Management
.Hj Kot

! ?:
| (
I.:.: ;$
-]|1
; $1"

NTF5

NTFS
NTFS

-[
j '1---
;-'$
\

()
( )

; ^
' ^
] ^ ^

1
|

< >
4,89rBWTFS

[j (.

'

j )
,84=5
( ( j j

CeotjcTea

. 24.3.

495

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


2.
1 2 .
3. .
,
.
4.
.
.
, , ,
1 .
1.

. . .
2. .
(. 24.4). .
3. 2 ,
, ,
. () 500. ,
(), .
. 24.5. ,

4. .
5. Data.
.


: , , ,
RAID-5.

' **

***"

> oerSHofitOM
(

,
.
,
:

<

. 24.4.
496

24.

6.
.
7. ,
. : .
?
, , : 1
, .
64 ( 1). 64
( 2). 64
, . .
,
, . . , 64 ,
.
, , ,
.
,
,
, .

, ,
,
.

, :
1. (
:).
2. , ,
, .
, 1
100 .
:
2 ;
3 1,
() 100.

497

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


100
F:, - . ?


, . .
NTFS. :
1. F: .
. , .
2.
() , (, 50 ). ()
. .
3. .
, ,
. , .
,
. ,
, . ,
.




.
* "",

496
< .
< gee
():

():

J338i^^~

. (): |50

. 24.6. ,

498

24.

, , , ,
. .
, , ,
: .
, ,
. . , ,
, , , .


,
.
. ,
, ,
.
.
, , ,
, ,
.

24.5. ,

, ?
? ?
. , .
, .
, ?

499

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


,
,
, . , ,
.

. , ,
RAID- ( Redundant Array
of Independent Disks) 1 5.

24.5.1. RAID-1,

.
.
:
Windows Server 2003 Windows 2000 Server.
.

. , .
?

. ,
, ,
Windows. , ?
:.

Windows Server 2003
W i n d o w s 2 0 0 0 F T D I S K . S Y S ( F T = F a u l t T o l e r a n t , ..

). , ,
.
.
F T D I S K . SYS
.

500

24.


, .
, :.
, :.
:
1. ,
( ) . , . ,
.
2. .
3. : .
4. . ,
,
.
5.
(). .
, , . ,
( :)

IS Computer Manageme
nt


-,

re - '

[7i *

(


"4gJ

)()

,,.

( j

i5? Data (F:)
!
|
1(:) .
||jj
- j i ^
"
&
J
-

..

.. .. .- ']}
1

-.""....:.-.

( : ) '.' ',, .,..j ^-.--- - ' .-'. . '.' ... , xt_,t

" .

16,00

14,89 NTFS -/ I 16,84 NTFS


| 4,27 NTFS
(! ] (

16,00

1 16,00

| |

. 24.7.
501

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


. , , ,
BOOT . I N I (
).
BOOT, I N I :
1.
.
2.
.
. . , .
3. , [ o p e r a t i n g systems] ( ).
:
multi(O)disk(O)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="Windows
Server 2003, S t a n d a r d " / f a s t d e t e c t
,
Windows, (partition(l))
(rdisk(O)),
(multi(O)).
.
,
:
multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="Windows
Server 2003, Standard(mirror)"

IDE, :
multi(1)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="Windows
Server 2003, Standard(mirror) "
, .
,
Windows Server 2003 (Windows Server 2000). ,
.

24.5.2. RAID-5
, ,

502

24.

RAID-5 ( ).
Windows Server 2003 Windows 2000 Server.
RAID 5 :
Windows Server 2003 Windows 2000 Server;
( 32) .
RAID 5

RAID-5
. ,
. RAID 5
.
RAID-5

3 , ( ).
RAID-5 64
, 64 .
,
, .
, ,

.
128 :
,
, . .

.
RAID-5
. RAID-5 Windows .
RAID 5

RAID 5
( ).
, :

503

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


1.
(
) . .
.
2. RAID 5
.
.
RAID 5 , ,
.

3.
. ()
. ,
.
() .
4. .
5. ,
.
6. .
7.
.

24.6.
,
. ,
.
Windows 2000/XP/2003
. ,
:

504

24.



RAID-5
,
RAID-5 .

,
.
RAID-5
. , :
. RAID-5 ,
. .
,
RAID-5, 66% (
50% ). ( ) 32 .

.

.

505




Windows?

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003


, , .

, , , . , , ,
,

.
(
, ).
, .
, . ,
. ,
.
,

.

25.1.
?
,
(Proxy). , , ?
?

507

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, , .
-.
-,
,
, . ,
- Microsoft
h t t p : / / w w w . m i c r o s o f t . r u . -,

, - h t t p : / /
www.microsoft.ru.
, -
, . , -
-; ,
.
, , (
-)
.
, -
- ,
. ,
.
, , - .
- , ,
.
.

25.2.
, -, . , ,
, .
.
IP-. .

508

25.

. IP- . ,
,
.
.
, .
. (Network Address Translation, NAT)
IP-
, IP-. ,
, -
,
.

25.3.

:
. IP- , , -,
, 80
TCP. , ,
.
-, ,
.
IP. .
-, ,
IP.
, , -, .

25.4.
Windows?
, ,
Windows Server 2003
Windows Server 2000.

509

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


.
,
IP-
. , Windows Server
2003/Windows 2000 Server .

Windows Server 2003
(NAT). Windows Server 2003 ,
. , -, ,
.

Windows Server 2003 ,
. IP
.
ISA Server 2000,
/.
. ,
.
.
,
.
.

25.5.
(Internet Connection Sharing)
.
. , ,
.
(
) Windows 2000/
/2003, .
,
.

510

25.


, ,
. , , DNS DHCP,
IP-, .

.
, DNS
. SRVR001,
SRVR002.

25.5.1.

:
1. SRVR002 .
2. SRVR002
.
3. ,
2.
:
> LAN
2 > Internet
4. IP , .
.
( ),
IP-, , 200.200.200.200
255.255.255.240. IP- DNS .

, IP- . - (
).

511

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



, . Active Directory DNS
DNS IP,
, ,
, . , ,
:
1. SRVR002 .
2.
.
, .
3. , LAN,
( , , ).
4.
.
5. .

I <<* c
,

;"

'

' '. .'. .>

> [ ]

"LAN:"
J a r ^ Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks
S i V Internet Ptotocol (TCP/IP)
1$ Client toi Microsoft Networks
Internet ()

. 25.1.
512

25.
.

,
( ),
.
.

25.5.2.
:
1. SRVR002
( ,
Internet).
2.
.
3. . , 25.3. IP-,
.

JL Internet -
QdmUe)

-- ~~

| "

-. .
in ,
| f? ]

. 25.2.

37 . 446

513

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


Z .
\
::

:. :

,
IP- 192.168.0.1.
.
IP-,
. ?

. 25.3.

IP-

25.5.3. ?
Windows
192.168.0.0/24. , IP- .
192.168.0.1
255.255.255.0 (,
) . ,
, ,
,
DNS,
.

.

25.5.4. DHCP-
DHCP- .

(peer-to-peer), DHCP,
DHCP- IP-
. DHCP- ,
, DHCP , . :

IP :
:
:
DNS :

192.168.0.2 192.168.0.254
255.255.255.0
192.168.0.1
192.168.0.1

DHCP, .
. DHCP, DHCP,
IP- .
514

25.

. DHCP IP- 192.168.10.0/24,


, DHCP-,
DNS
.
,
.
DNS.
, :
1. SRVR001 .
2. DHCP .
3.
IP : IP- 192.168.0.2,
255.255.255.0, 192.168.0.1,
DNS- 192.168.0.2 ( ).
WINS, ;
192.168.0.2.
4. , DHCP, IP :
IP- :
192.168.0.3 192.168.0.254
:
255.255.255.0
:
192.168.0.1
DNS-:
192.168.0.2
IP- , 3, ,
IP-, ,
. () IP- ,
.
, .
.

25.5.5. DNS
peer-to-peer,
DNS, DNS. DNS
,
-.

515

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, , ,
DNS.
DHCP-
IP- ,
. , , .
DNS SRVR001,
SRVR002.
DNS SRVR002, Active Directory . ,
DNS DNS.
IP
, DNS SRVR001.
. 25.4.
-,
www.microsoft.com. IP-, www microsoft.com, DNS- DNS-,
SRVR001. microsoft.com
SRVR002.
SRVR002, - DNS, - DNS, IP-

SRVR002 (ICS)

SRVR001 (DNS. DC)


. 25.4. DNS, SRVR001,
SRVR002
516

25.

.
IP- , .
, SRVR001
DNS SRVR002. :
1. 001
DNS.
2. SRVR001 .
3. SRVR001
. , DNS
DNS, IP-

IP-
SRVR002. .
4.
.
,
DNS DNS-.

.
( ),
IP- DNS,
, .

( , ). , 25.5.
. SRVR002
, DNS.
,
. SRVR001
microsoft.com IP-, SRVR001
.
microsoft.com, DNS .
DNS,
(, IP- Internet
SRVR002). DNS-,
, DNS
.

517

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

SRVR002 (ICS)
www.microsoft.com

SRVR001 (DNS, DC)


. 25.5. DNS

25.5.6.


. .
, (www,
ftp, smtp ). ,
.
( ) Windows Server 2003
.
( ).
, , IP-. www, ftp
smtp, .
.

.

-,
.
, ,
- - .
518

25.
, Windows Server 2003 .
.
-
, , 001 -
,
,
SRVR002, . -.
.
1. SRVR002 .
2. .
.
3. . .
4. - (HTTP). .
5. IP-
001 IP-. IP-.
.
- IP-.
11|....|,||.||.:1

& |
^. ,
-* ^^
:

..

'."'' .

. ":"

3 FTP-
Telnet-
- (HTTPS]
(HTTP)

J (SMTP)
Internet Mail Access Piotocol. 3 (IMAP3)
Internet Access Protocol, 4 (IMAP4)
Post-Olfice Protocol, 3 ()

""'""">

. 25.6.
519

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


6. , ,
.
7.
.
, ,
-.
,
. , , 880 TCP.
, IP-, (
880) ( TCP).

- . .
, ,
-,
, , -
80 (HTTP) 443 (HTTPS).
:
1. SRVR002 .
2. .
.
3. . (. 25.6).
4.
(, -
002) IP-.
, -
,
81 TCP.
5. .
- 001, http://200.200.200.200.
-
002, http://200.200.200.200:81
(81 ).

520

25.

002

. 25.7. -


Windows Server 2003 Windows XP Professional

. .
:
1. SRVR002 .
2. .
.
3.
.
4. .
( ) . PING.

ICMP.
,
. ,
.
, .
ICMP ICMP.
, , TCP,
. PING ICMP.
ICMP ,
521

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


PING. PING ,
.
.
L PING .
, ICMP.

25.5.7.
.
Windows 2000/XP/2003,
.
IP- 192.168.0.0/24. IP-
,
,
.
192.168.0.0/24 254 , , .

DHCP- - DNS. DHCP,
DHCP-,
. DNS
DNS. ,
, .
IP-,
(, -) .
-.

TCP, .

25.6.
(Network Address Translation, NAT) .
, ,

522

25.

.
(Windows 2000 Server, Windows Server 2003). To

.
.

25.6.1.
SRVR002. ,
.
:
SRVR001
192.168.10.2
255.255.255.0
192.168.10.1
DNS 192.168.10.2
WINS 192.168.10.2
SRVR002 ( )
192.168.10.1
255.255.255.0
DNS 192.168.10.2
WINS 192.168.10.2
SRVR002 ( ) .
, , IP- 200.200.200.200 255.255.255.240. , DNS
.
~ IP DHCP.
.
IP- SRVR002 192.168.10.3 ( ,
). , , SRVR002
, 192.168.10.1 (. 3).
, ,
192.168.10.1. ,
, ,
, , DHCP
:

523

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


1. 001
DHCP.
2. SRVR001 Main office
3.
.
.
4. 003 , IP-
192.168.10.1 .
.
5. 001
ipconfig /renew. IP-
ipconfig /all , 001
. , IP-.

SRVR002.
.

25.6.2.
:
1. SRVR002
.

.
,

.

2.
.
3. .
SRVR002 . ,

.
4. SRVR002
.
. .
.
,
.
524

25.

5.
(NAT) .
6. NAT , .
.
7.

.
.
SRVR002
. :
1. IP ,
NAT/ .
2. ,
IP- DHCP- . DHCP-,
.
, DHCP.
3. ,
IP- ,
DNS . DNS,
DNS .
4. .
5. NAT/ .
.
LAN
.
,
. .
6. Internet
.
, .
NAT (
).
( )
.
.

525

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

-
(, ICMP, PING), :
1. Internet NAT
.
.
2. .
IP-, , , .
ICMP, ICMP ICMP
.
3. PING
, .
IP- . ,
, , ,
, . , ,
, . IP, , ,
, .

25.6.3.
, , -
,
. : ,
,
. ,
-
80 .
, IP-. 80
, , , 001.
- 80 ,
002.
-

-
:
IP- .
526

25.

( IP-, ).
.
IP-
IP- , . ,
200.200.200.200
200.200.200.199. 255.255.255.240
Internet.

1. SRVR002
.
2. NAT ,
Internet.
3. , .
4. 200.200.200.199, 200.200.200.200.
255.255.255.240, .
5.
.
6. - HTTP
,
IP- 001.
.
7.
- 002:
200.200.200.199;
002;
80.
8. .
. , - 80,
.
-.
, (
IP-) , .25.6.1,

527

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


-
.

25.6.4.
IP .
DNS, DNS .
:
1. 001
DNS, SRVR001 .
2. SRVR001
.
3. SRVR001 . , DNS
DNS, IP-
IP-
DNS ( IP-, , ).
.
4. .
DNS, DNS.
.
DNS .
1. SRVR002
.
2. SRVR002
NAT .
3. IP
IP DNS (Domain Name
System).
4. .
, , . ,
, DNS IP-
NAT.

528

25.

25.6.5.

IP. IP-, , 192.168.0.0/24.
,
.
(NAT)
Windows Server 2003 Windows 2000 Server.
NAT
IP-. , IP
IP-.
DHCP- DNS .
.

2 5 . 7 .
, ,
Windows 2000/XP/2003.

.
, .
DHCP- DNS,
, .
,
, IP- 192.168.0.1, DHCP-
IP- 192.168.0.0/24.
(
) Windows XP Windows Server
2003 ,
. ,
- . .
, ,

IP.
(NAT). .

529

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


192.168.0.0/24,
IP-.
, ,
. ,
.
IP-,
Active Directory. , , -,
.
, ISA
Server 2000.

. (NAT)
SRVR002, .
IP- (
) DHCP,
DNS.
DNS, .
SRVR002 , IP-
192.168.10.1.
, ICMP, .
PING.
, .
. .

530

,



,
, ?

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003


, ,
,
. , ,
, ,
, .
, , . ,
,
, .

, ,
. , ,

;
.
, , , , .

26.1. ,
, ?
, ?
,
, .
Windows XP Professional

532

26.

,
,
; , , -
, ,
.
,
,
,
. ,
, (
SMS-) . ,
.
.
,
.

26.2.
: ,
, ,
, ,
.

26.2.1.
, , , , .
, ,
,
, , . ,
. , , , ,
.
: -, .
.
ISDN,
,
, -

533

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


ADSL.
, .
.

, . ,
.
, ,
, , ,
,
.
,
. ,
,
, .

. 26.1.

26.2.2.
(VPN)
,
.
, ,
. ,

534

26.


?
, . ,
,
?
(Virtual Private Net).
VPN
(
). .
,
-. ,
(,
DSL),
, .

, .
(Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol) L2TP (Layer
Two Tunneling Protocol).
,
.

Internet

Internet

^ ^

. 26.2. (VPN),
535

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, ,
, , ,
.
VPN .
VPN ,
,
ADSL, Ethernet , ,
.
- (HTTP, SMTP
..) , ,
.
, ,
.
( ).
VPN Microsoft
,
.
VPN
.

26.3.
,
.
.

.
, . ,
, .
(firewall).
, , .
.

536

26.

.
.
, INS,
.
, , Internet Explorer Administration Kit (IEAK)
Microsoft. , ,
,
.

26.3.1.
(
) , . SRVR002
001. .


,
. Windows Server 2003 ,
.
(Routing and Remote Access, RRAS).
1. SRVR002
.
2.
SRVR002 .
3. .

.
4.
. .
.
.
.
5. . ,
.

537

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


: SRVR002 ()
& I | IP

| PPP j |




(*
,

. 26.3.

,
.
6. .
7.
( ) .
8. .

. , .
1. 001 .
> .
2.
. . .
3.
.
4.
.
5.
, -

538

26.

. . .
6. ,
.
7. , ;
.
.
8.
. .
.
, , . ,
. ,
,
Active Directory.
Active Directory

1. 001
Active Directory .
2. ,
,
. ,
.
Windows 2000, .
Windows 2000 (native) Windows 2003 .
Windows
2000 ,
. , ,
, .

26.3.2.
(VPN)

: ; ;

539

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


; . .

,
.
VPN, :
1. SRVR002
.
2. .
WAN () .
3. ( ). ,
(
, 20 , 19 ).
4. WAN (L2TP).

I , J.

WAN ()
WAN (L2TP)
..

/
R AS/

L2TP
...

5
5
1

WAN ()


.
( ]
W

( )

...

,
.
: 1

0IC

. 26.4.
540

26.

,
:
1. SRVR002
.
2. SRVR002, .
. .
.
3.
.
4. VPN ( ,
). .
5.
, ( Internet).
,
( )
,
L2TP. ,
, , ,
(NAT). , .
.
6. IP-
, IP-
DHCP . DHCP
,
.
,
.
7. ,
. .
8. .
DHCP. .
, ,
128.

541

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



,
001.
.
1. 001 .
> .
2.
. . .
3.
.
4.

.
5.
, . . .
6. 001 , ,

VPN. , . .
7. VPN IP- , VPN (
,
SRVR002 , 200.200.200.200 . ). .
8.
,
; . .
9. ,
.
.
.
, , . ,
,
,
IP- 200.200.200.200.

542

26.

, , :
1. 001
(VPN).
2.
:
: , ().
MS CHAP V2
.

128.
IP- IP- ,
DHCP.
IP- - 001 ipconfig /all
. ,
VPN,
:
1. 001 .
2.
\\192.168.10.38 (IP- VPN , ). Windows
SRVR002.
, , SRVR002
001 .
VPN , .
VPN ( ),
, , .
IP- DNS, WINS

VPN , IP-
- DHCP .
IP-, IP-.
, , IP- DNS,
VPN , , ,
,
. DNS, , ,\18
.

543

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


?
IP
SRVR002.
, IP- DHCP. ,
: DHCP 10 IP-
, .
, DHCP .
, IP- DHCP.
, IP-
DNS WINS
LAN. ,
,

.
, ,
.
DHCP, DHCP.

( ), , DHCP.
:
1. SRVR002
.
2. SRVR002
DHCP, .
3. DHCP Relay Agent . , (2 ) .
DHCP,
.
4.
DHCP .
IP- DHCP
( 192.168.10.2) .
.

544

26.

,

VPN ( , )
,
, , .

.
, .

( VPN
001). :
1.
.
.
2. Windows
.
3. ,
.
?
Active Directory, DNS
NetBIOS. NetBIOS- study, DNS
study.local. Study
( local, . 7).

DNS, ,
.

, VPN, ,
. , , - .

.

18 . 446

545

Microsoft Windows Server 2003




, , - .
, .
?
PAP (Password Authentication Protocol).
. ,

, .
.
SPAP (Shiva Password Authentification Protocol). , .
Shiva
.
CHAP (Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol).
.
,
, .
MS CHAP (Microsoft Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol).
CHAP Microsoft.
, LAN
Manager. , ,
Windows.
MS CHAP v2. MS CHAP

Windows 2000 .
, - .
(Extensible Authentication Protocol). ,
.
, . Windows Server 2003
MD5-Challenge, Protected TLS. TLS, ,
Smart Card.
,
-. ,
,

546

26.

,
.
Windows Server 2003
.
, .

.
, :
1. SRVR002
.
2. SRVR002 .
.
, .
, ,
MS CHAP, MS CHAP v2 .
, . ?


, -
.
- . , , , MS CHAP v2. , ,

.
1. 001.
2. VPN.
.
3. ( ) .
,
MS CHAP
MS CHAP v2.

547

Microsoft Windows Server 2003




.
, . (Call-back).
,
.
.
:
. , , . , , .
. , , ,
. .
.
, ,
.
, , , ,
( ). , ,
, ,
,
.
(, ), .
, :

. ,
, ,
.
,
, ,
, ,
, , .
- ,
, .
, ,
.

548

26.
, ,
.
, .
, .
, ,
,
,
. , , .
ID .
(native) Windows 2000 Windows Server 2003 .
, ,
.
, .

(, VPN) .

.

. , ,
,
, . , ,
, , ,
VPN (
), .
, ,
, .
, .
Windows NT 4.0 ( , , ),
:
1, 001 Active Directory
.
2. (study.local)
. -

549

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


.
, .
3. Windows 2000 native
.
4. ,
, . , . .
.
,

. ,

.
.

. : , .
, , . ,
, ,
, , ,
, , , . :
, Domain Admins,
8 16 VPN .
( ,
), ,
.
.
, ,
. . ,
(,
). , ,
.
,
, . , ,

550

26.
, , ,

.
:
:
VPN
.
,
(8-16 ).
:

.
.
.

1. SRVR001
Active Directory .
2.
.

:
1. SRVR002
.
2. SRVR002 .
. . .
3.
.
4. .
5.
.
G Shop Regular G Shop Power . .

551

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


6.
MS CHAP v2 .
7.
, . Windows 2000
, 128- .
.
8.
.
.
, , .
,
. ,
, .

:
1. .
. . .
2.
VPN. .
3.
VPN .
4. .
5. MS
CHAP v2 .
6.
. .
7.
.


. ,
. VPN,
.
.

552

26.

, , () .
,
. , .

:
1.
MS CHAP v2.
2.
,
.
3. ( VPN) VPN,
. ,
.
4. . 128- (
). ,
.

:
1. MS
CHAP v2.
2. ,
.
3.
VPN. .
4. ( ISDN)
.
5. , .
. .
, ,
- , . ( Microsoft
Routing and Remote Access ),
, .

553

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

?
, , Windows 2000 mixed

. ,
. ,
.

Windows 2000 Server Windows Server 2003.
! , (
). ,
.
26.5
.

. 26.5.
554

26.


.
VPN, ,
. ,
, ,
.

. ,
.
( ),
RADIUS, Microsoft
IAS (Internet Authentication Server).

26.4.
( ) , .
.
,
.
, , ,
.

. ,

.
, .
.
,

.
,
.
(), IPSec ( L2TP).

555

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, , .
Active Directory Windows 2000 mixed
. Windows 2000 native Windows Server 2003

.
, , ,
.
,
,
, ,
Windows 2000 mixed
.

, , ,
.

VPN.
SRVR002, 001 ( ) VPN.
Windows 2000 native,
.
.
VPN ,
, .
,
.

556


?


?

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003


, Study . , , , .
:
? ? ?
?
? ? ?

.
. .

27.1.
?
.
,
,
, . ,
, - ,
. ,
( ),
.

558

27.


,
.
,
( , ,
), , , . ,
?

27.1.1.

, .
,
IT , .

27.1.2.
, , , ,
.
,
, , . ,
5 ,
,
,

. Active Directory .
, , ,
, . , ,
,
,
.

559

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


Active Directory, , ,
,
. , ,
, .

27.2.
?

. Active Directory, ,
. ,
, ,
.

, .
, ,
- , , .


. , , 1 / -
, , , . , 128 /
.
: ,
, 500 /.
, , ,
,
.
1.5 /,
, ( 10 /).
, 5 , , ,
.
5 , -

560

27.

. ,
DNS,
.
, ,
,
, , .

27.3.
?
, ,
, . ,
, , .
, Active Directory.
(, , ..)
. Active Directory
.
, , . ,
Active
Directory.

27.3.1.

,
, .
, Active
Directory.
(, IP-), . ,
(10 / ). ,
100
/, Active Directory .
, 128 /,
. , ,
.
/

561

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, ,
,
.
.
(, 64 /
), ,
,
.
, ,
, .
, , ,
. ,
,
? , ,
.

27.3.2.
Windows Server 2003 (, , , D),
:
.
15 ,
. ,
.
3 . 3
,
.
, D ( ),
, .
.
, 15 .
,
.

562

27.


(Knowledge Consistence Checker). 15
,
- ,
3 .
,
45 .

.
Windows 2000
5 . Windows Server
2003.

15 , , .
.
, , . .

27.1.

. 27.1.
, 3

563

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

27.3.3.
, .
15
, , , . ,
,
,
. .
, - ,
15 .
.
, Active Directory

. ,
, , , ,
DNS, .
.
:
. ,
. , 1 , 3 ..
15 .
.
: , 0.00-6.00
, ,
, .
, 1 0.00-6.00 , 0.00,
6 , .

27.3.4.

: IP (Internet Protocol) SMTP
(Simple Mail Transport Protocol),
.

IP. ,
.

564

27.

.
, IP.
( ,
, Active
Directory), IP SMTP.
,
.
IP, . SMTP,
.
, , ( ), .
SMTP.

27.3.5.
,
. , ,
,
.
, ,
, .
.
IP . ,
, -
.
111.
. ( )
SET.
. LOGONSERVER ,
:
C:\Documents and Settings\ITManagerl>set
COMPUTERNAME=PC111
LOGONSERVER=\\SRVR001

.
' ,
set echo %logonserver%.
565

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


? ,
,
, .

Subnets ().
.
IP, . ( )
.

DNS, ,
.

27.4.
DHCP, DNS, WINS
.
?

27.4.1. DNS
DNS Active Directory.
, IP-,
, .
DNS SRVR001,
study.local Active Directory
(. . 27.2).
Active Directory , ,
, study.local.
Windows Server 2003, Windows 2000 Server
DNS, Active
Directory. (Application Partition) Windows Server 2003 DNS
DNS- . , .
, DNS,
DNS, DNS
DNS. -

566

27.
stutly.Ioc.dl -

I ^ WiNS
j

| " ] .1;. , |
(SQA1'
|

. Active Directory


Active Diiectoty
Active Directory.

^_

,
no/ ,
.

'

; : "".

. 27.2. study.local

DNS ,
.
,
Windows Server 2003 ( Windows 2000 Server),
DNS study.local. ,
DNS . ,
DNS
, .
DNS ,
.

, DNS
. DNS- ,
.

27.4.2. DHCP

DHCP IP-
IP
, , .
IP-,

567

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


. ,
DHCP.
DHCP .
IP
. , DHCP
. IP
, DHCP
,

DHCP.
DHCP .
, , DHCP.
IP- DHCP
,
DHCP.
, ,
,
DHCP. IP- , DHCP ,
DHCP, .
,
( ).
DHCP.
, .

27.4.3. WINS
, ,
Windows 2000/XP/2003, .
NetBIOS, :
WINS .
, WINS .
NetBIOS.
, WINS,
, WINS .
NetBIOS
WINS,
NetBIOS- .

568

27.

NetBIOS- , WINS,
.
WINS .
, :
. - WINS
NetBIOS- ,
NetBIOS- - .
WINS, .

27.4.4.

. ,
, .
, .

27.5.
, .
DNS, WINS DHCP,
. DNS Active Directory,
. WINS.
DHCP IP-, .

27.6. ?

. , . ,
, , 192.168.20.0/24.
, , , . ,
IP- 192.168.20.0/24.

569

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


192.168.20.0/24

192.168.10.0/24

. 27.3. .
10.0.0.0/30

IP- , DNS WINS


, .
,
, ( PING,
,
Active Directory ..).

.
:
Windows
Server 2003. ,
IP-to-IP.
,
.

27.6.1.
. , ,
,
, .

. -

570

27.

,
.
.
Active Directory
NTDS.DIT EDBxxxxx.LOG.
, NTDS.
DIT . ,
NTDSUTIL

, ( SYSVOL), .
, ,
:
.
, .
IP- .
, (,
WINS) . , Active
Directory, .
.
Windows Server 2003. , , , , , ,
, .

:
1. .
2. Windows Server 2003.
,
study.local. DHCP, WINS DNS.
3. :
:
SRVR003
IP-:
192.168.20.2
:
255.255.255.0
DNS:
192.168.10.2
WINS:
192.168.10.2

571

Microsoft Windows Server 2003



DCPROMO,
. ,
,
.
1. SRVR001 (NTBackup.exe).
2. System State

(, C:\Backup.bkf). .
3.
. .

.
4. BACKUP.BKF CD, DVD
SRVR003.

1. SRVR003 .
2. .
3. ( )
.
BACKUP.BKF,
SRVR001.
4.
System State.
5. , ,

SRVR001.
6. ,
.
.
7.
dcpromo /adv. .
8. Active Directory
.
9.
.

572

27.
''%- - [ !

! |
feftl

| ]

,
. & ;/:
sJ

B Backup bkl

1 ., |
I .

LlL_

. 27.4.
f Ml!"!'

m
gru

%'t .

j ^

>

It
X 9i

il

; | c:\Back
GjActive Directory j
EJBoot Fles
QCOM+ Qass RecJstraOon Dat...
Registry

1
09.07.2005 6:04

File Folder
File Folder

.: .

iexOA
I ,,, I .

09.07.2005 6:01
09.07.2005 6:04

File Folder
File Folder

09.07.2005 6:04
09,07.2005 6:04

File Folder

|>: 5

-LEJ_xJ

. \ j My Computer

. 27.5.

10.

.
11.

573

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

SRVR001.
.
12.
.
13.
- Domain Admins ( Enterprise Admins)
.
14.

.
15.
SYSVOL .
16.
.
.
17. .
- , .
. .
.
, .
, , .
Active Directory
, .
.
,
- , .
, , .

,
. ,
.

, .

574

27.

.
,
, . ,
.
Domain Admins, .
. , ,
Active Directory
.
(, Exchange Server 2003).

,
,
.
8
( 500 ).
, ,
, -
.
:
Windows Server 2003,
.
,
.
.
.

27.6.2. Active Directory


,
.
15 , .
.

1. 001 ( Enterprise Admins), Active Directory
.

575

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

2. Sites (). ,
,
.
SRVR001 SRVR003.
3.
. , Branch (
, DNS).
DEFAULTIPSITELINK
. , MainOffice.
4. Active Directory
. .

1. Active Directory Subnets (). ( )
(192.168.10.0/24).
2. Subnets
.
3.
192.168.20.0, 255.255.255.0.
Branch, ,
.

1. Active Directory
Inter-Site Transports IP. DEFAULTIPSITELINK.
2. .
MainOffice <-> Branch.
3. .
,
.
4. (, 60
) .
(, ).
.

576

27.
SRVR003

1. Active Directory
SRVR003
.
2.
Branch . SRVR003 ,
.

27.6.3. DNS
DNS ,
DNS SRVR003,
IP IP-
DHCP.
DNS

1. 001
DNS.
2. DNS
DNS. DNS
SRVR003. .
3. DNS SRVR003, .
, study.local.
Active Directory.
4. study.local
SOA (Start of Authority).
,
. study,
local SRVR001. Active Directory.
5. study.local
SRVR003 . ,
SRVR001.
IP SRVR003

DNS .
IP- DNS
SRVR003.
19 446

577

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


1. SRVR003 .
2. ,
. DNS
SRVR003 192.168.20.2.
3. .


,
.
DNS SRVR003,
,
, .. .
, DNS SRVR003 ,
. SRVR001,
SRVR003
IP- SRVR001 (192.168.10.2).

27.6.4. WINS
WINS .

WINS (SRVR001 SRVR003). NetBIOS- .
WINS . IP- WINS SRVR003
(192.168.20.2).
WINS
1. 001
WINS.
2. WINS SRVR001 SRVR003.
3. SRVR001.


. WINS
SRVR003. .
Push/Pull.
4. . WINS SRVR003.

578

27.

.
30 , .
-

20. .
5. 3 4 SRVR003.
WINS .
30 .
-
20, , .
-
. ,
, WINS,
- ,
. .

27.6.5. DHCP
DHCP , DHCP
, .
, , . 80/20, 80% .
, 192.168.20.0/24,
254 . 3, 192.168.20.17 192.168.20.254.
238 80/20, 190/48.
190 , ;
(
).
D H C P
192.168.20.17 192.168.20.206. 192.168.20.207 192.168.20.254.

1. 001
DHCP.
579

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


2. SRVR003. srvrOCB.study.local .
. .
3. (, Branch) . .
4. IP- IP- (,
192.168.20.17), IP- 192.168.20.206.

( 24\255.255.255.0). .
5.
.
6.
.
7. DHCP , .
8. ( )
192.168.20.1 ( ,
). .
9. DNS-
study.local, IP-
192.168.20.2 192.168.10.2. .
10. WINS- 192.168.20.2
192.168.10.2. .
11.
.
DHCP , IP . Active
Directory.
DHCP Active Directory
1. SRVR001 Enterprise
Admins DHCP.
2.
srvr003.study.local . ,
. ,
DHCP.
DHCP
DHCP
, DHCP .

580

27.

, IP 192.168.20.207 192.168.20.254
.
, , DHCP
,
SRVR001:
. DHCP.
DHCP , ,
SRVR003 ( , ).

,
, ,
, . ,
.
,
, , . , ,
SRVR002. ,
:
, , ,
.
, ( ) IP- 192.168.10.3.
SRVR002, , 192.168.10.1. , ,
SRVR002 , . , ,
( 192.168.20.0/24),
192.168.10.3. :
1. SRVR002 .
2. :
route -p add 192.168.20.0 mask 255.255.255.0 192.168.10.3
, ,
192.168.20.0/24, 192.168.10.3. -

, .

581

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


DHCP
1. SRVR003
.
2. ,
SRVR003
. . .
3. .
4.
(LAN) .
5.
, .
6. IP .
. DHCP Relay Agent
.
7. IP
DHCP.
.
.
8. ,
( 4 )
.
9. DHCP.
10. IP- DHCP
(192.168.10.2) .

27.6.6.
SRVR003 , .
, , .
1. 001
Active Directory .
2. Branch\Servers\SRVR003
NTDS Settings.
3. ,
.
- , ,

582

20. Service Pack


, .
, , - ,
.
DNS,
. ,
,
, ,
, .
, ,
,
. , ,
Windows 2000 native .

1. 001
Active Directory .
2. , , NTDS
Site Settings.
3.
, .
4. .

2 7 . 7 .
, ,
.
,
, , .
,
.
, ,
IP,
. ,
.
, , Active Directory.
,

583

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, ,

.
, DNS .

, Windows Server 2003 .
,
.
WINS,
.
NetBIOS .
DHCP.
DHCP,
DHCP , ,
,
DHCP. ,
, .
Active Directory .
.


. Active Directory Branch,
SRVR003. Active Directory ,

. SRVR003 DNS,
WINS Push/Pull SRVR001
DHCP 80- IP
.
IP , SRVR003 DHCP.
DHCP IP-.
IP . SRVR003
.

584

SMTP

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SERVER 2003


,
.

. , ,
, .
Windows Server 2003 , , , Windows 2000. ,
- ,
,
, , ,
.
, ,
.

28.1. ?
- . ,
.
Windows Server
2003. ,
, .
Windows Server 2003
.

586

28.

Windows Server 2003 (Post


Office Protocol),
.

(IMAP, HTTP).
, . .
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol),
.
Windows Server 2003 .
, .
,
, SMTP ,
, ,
SMTP.

28.2.
:

.
.
SMTP.
.
.
.

28.2.1.

( ,
@). ,
,
, .
. ,
,
.
, , ,
.

587

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


,
.
, :
,
, . ,
.
SMTP ,
.
: SRVR001
SRVR003 SRVR002.
SRVR001.
, , . l o c a l
, study.com (,

).

28.2.2.
:
1. SRVR001 .
2.
Windows.
3. Windows
e-mail .
( SMTP)
. , .
4. SMTP. -
Windows Server 2003.
5. .
, SRVR001.
,
.
-, ,
Web Administration, . -
,
SRVR001 .

588

28.
E-mail Services
. '
.
.
:
E-mail Seivices- :
;.

: Supports the web based administration of the Service

:
:

16.2
1924,4
(

. 28.1. e-mail

28.3. SMTP
28.3.1.
:
1. SRVR001
.
2.
.
3. ,

Active Directory.
4. , . TCP ,
(). ,
(
) .
5. .
, .

, (
).

589

Microsoft Windows Server 2003

:
( :) , .

, . ,
NTFS.
, , .
,
, . ,

.
6. .
7. . , ,
,
, Active Directory
.
8.
.

28.3.2. SMTP
,
, :
.
.
,
, ,
, ,
. study,
com, .
study.com

s t u d y . com:
1. SRVR001
.
2.
- .
590

28.

3.
s t u d y . com .
.
, .

.

, SMTP,
, , ,
.


1. SRVR001
.
2. s t u d y . com -> .
3.
(,
iTManagerl). .
.
. ,
(. 28.3). , .
, , (,
Shopl).

28.3.3. SMTP
SMTP , ,
. . SMTP-
,
, ,
, .
1. SRVR001
IIS.
2. SMTP .

591

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


.


:
( }:
: ITManagei1@stMdy.com
: srvtOOl
:
: ITManaged
: srvrOOl

"

. 28.3.
: ITManagerl

| j COM+
) | | )
:
l@sludy.coni
(-Windows 2000]:
|STUDY\
...

|lTManagei1
..
, -.::

" J,
*

I ,

* {
~ .

j ^* l d e
j :

I
| 8 2005 .

'.

Jj

. 28.4.

592

28.

3.
W3C.
.
4. .
, , IP- , ,
, , ,
.
.
5. (
) :



, . ,
.
,
, .
,
IP- .
, IP-,
, SMTP .
() IP- ,
, .

IP-, SMTP .

, , IP-
,
.

, : SMTP ,
, IP-.

IP-,
.
(,
), ,

593

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, IP- . , IP- ,
, 26.
SMTP, .
, ,
SMTP, , .
6. . , SMTP.
(2048 ). ,
, , , . .

SMTP
(, itmanagerl@study.com). - : 5-
|



.
' ^-~^~


IP-
.

' ;':"';:
...
..

.,.

'




SMTP-.

" ~~- '; .'.'

.2JJSI

..,

| I

. 28.5. SMTP

594

28.

,
, (Non Delivery Report, NDR). ,
SMTP , (
NDR ).
, .
.
.
(,
), , ,
.
.

7. . ,
. ,
SMTP SMTP .
,

. 15 , 30, .. 12
,
.-''

21*1

ag

LPAP

(.

1! i

,
();
" ():
8 :/..1:

'

" * 1<(?.1*- tjJO6lljeMiK>

': wSefcjf

:.
: netpubVmailf ootVB admai!

""

. 28.6. SMTP
595

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


, (NDR).

somebody@somewhere. com, SMTP ,
somewhere. com. DNS
MX (Mail Exchange). . ,
, ,
.
,
SMTP.
, ,
( SMTP-
, ).
. ,
.
, Outlook Express, Windows 2000/XP/2003.
, ,

.
LBOHCTBO: SMP
I -cepuepTO
".-

': "--

1,

~_..

1- ():
2 - 0 [

[55-

* ^- []

:'- F ~

it' ; [240

[-\

p2

.' .

'
|

^ j

i
, ^:

. ^.. I .

QK

1 .-!]

. 28.7. SMTP
596

28.

28.4.
Outlook Express Windows Server
2003 , .
, , , . Internet Explorer
Outlook Express Internet Explorer
Administration Kit (IEAK), :
1. 001 .
2. Outlook Express. .
(iTmanagerl) .
3.
itmanagerl@study. com . .
4.

SRVR001. .
5.
( i t m a n a g e r l @
s t u d y . c o m ) ,
i t m a n a g e r l .
.
6. .
.

- ,
. .

] itmanagert@study.com]
; proverka@mic(osoft.com

<

> \ I

. 28.8.
597

Microsoft Windows Server 2003


.
.
. ,
.
1. Outlook Express -
.
2.
,
.
3.

(. 28.9).

SMTP , SMTP .
1. SRVR001
IIS.
2. SMTP .
3. .
.
.
. ,
,

.


"


3
: | Umanager!
:

!
]

(SPA)

. 28.9.
598

28.

2 8 . 5 .
Windows Server 2003 Microsoft .
, ,
. ,
,
,
.
SMTP.
,
SMTP ,
,
Outlook Express.
,
, :
,
( s t u d y . com),
.
DNS MX, mail.
s t u d y . com, , IP-
.
, (SRVR002), 25 SMTP .
, .
, .

,
SRVR001. . , Outlook
Express. SMTP
, , .

599

.. ,
.. ,
..

ISBN: 5-94387-221-3

: 165x235
: 544 : ., .

, , -
. :
,
Windows XP, Word Excel, . , , , ,
.
.
, , :
( , ), CD DVD, (
)
. .
, , . .