Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 49

1.

..
SDH PDH....
2.
.
3.
..
3.1. OptiX OSN 2500 SDH
3.2. -.
3.3. .
4.
...
4.1.
4.1.1 P OSNR.
4.1.2
4.2. C1
4.2.1. C1
4.2.2. ..
4.3. ..
4.3.1. ..
4.3.2. ..
4.4 .
5. .
6.
7.
8. SNCP ..
..

. STM-16
. STM-1..



,

, , ,
: ARCnet, Ethernet, Token Ring FDDI,
: PDH, SONET, SDH, ISDN,
Frame Relay ATM.
,

- SDH,
. SDH
( PDH ) ,
:

,

,
. SDH
.
SDH ,
- ()
PDH ()

, 2 /,
SDH. ,

SDH ,
,
(
).
ATM,

SDH .
: SONET (COC)
SDH SONET/SDH,
,
SDH. 40
/. SDH
, ,
.
, ,
.
- () .

, ,
,
,
, ,
, .
, -
.


, .
-


- .
:


(, ),
,
;

,


(, ,
..),
;

,


;

(
, )

,
;

: 1
40, ,
,
;


,
.

.
, SDH
. ,
1993 , x SDH. SDH
.

(),
.

SDH: ,

:
,,
,, -

26,7

39,5
17,8

18,1
11,5

25,8
47,1
26,2
38,3

44,1
15,2
33,1
26,1
12,8

53,6
42,6
27,2
21,3
11,5
39,1

33,4

-1

nx64

E1

E3

1
1
2
1

2
3
5
6

(n=15)
(n=10)
(n=32)
(n=17)
-

29

15

Ethernet
100
1
1
1
1
5

()
29,2
31,3
28,8
17,6
18,8
50,8
36,0

1.

.
SDH

.
1 :
1) :
N(E1)=E(

V 1
1)
30

,
V :
V= ()
=1,7, =3,3.
, , :

33,4
38,3
26,1
21,3

12,8
11,5

39,1
2
( ) 1 :

2 (60)
3 (69)
2(48)
2(40)

1(26)
1(23)

3(70)
2) V
=0,01
.
3:

26,7
39,5
18,1
25,8
44,1
53,6

17,8
11,5
47,1
15,2
42,6

26,2
33,1
27,2
4:

2(38)
2(52)
1(28)
2(37)

1(27)
1(19)
3(61)

2(37)

2(57)
1(24)
2(45)

3(68)
2(56)
2(38)

1 :

2(38)

2(52)
1(27)

1(28)
1(19)
2 (60)

2(37)
3(61)
3 (69)
2(37)

2(57)
1(24)
2(48)
2(45)
1(26)

3(68)
2(56)
2(40)
2(38)
1(23)
3(70)

(,
1)
2(53)
2(57)
2(53)
2(33)
2(36)
3(90)
2(48)

1) :
N(E1)=E(

V 1
1)
30

,
V :
V= ()
=1,7, =3,3.
()

29,2

31,3

28,8

17,6

18,8

50,8

36,0
, 1
.

SNC-P

( ) .1.

. 1.
, ,
1, , ..
. SNCP
, ,
, c
SNCP.

. 2

,
SNCP , .

, .
STM-N
STM-N.
STM-N

STM-N.
.

SNCP :
1:
NSNCP = (, , , , , , , , , , , , ,
, , , -, -, -, -, -, -) =
38 1(VC-12)
2:
NSNCP = (, , , , , , , -, ) =17 1(VC-12)
3:
NSNCP = ( , , , ,) = 8 1(VC-12)
:
N = ( , ,, , , ) = 13 1(VC-12)
:
nx64
E1
E3
Ethernet
VC12

100

1 (n=15) 2
1
45

1 (n=10) 3
1
1
66

2 (n=32) 5
1
47

1 (n=17) 6
1
48
1: 38 VC12 + 45 VC12 + 66 VC12 + 48 VC12 = 197 VC12
2: 17 VC12 + 47 VC12 + 48 VC12= 112 VC12
3: 8 VC12 + 66 VC12 = 74 VC12

.

SDH

VC12,

SDH, :
n64 / PDH
( 1),
STM-1.
3 = 21 VC12
STM-1 = 63 VC12
Ethernet 100 = 42 VC12 ( )
6. .
nx64
E1
E3
STM-1
Ethernet
100
-1
29
15
5
8
N -1 = 29+15*21+5*63+8*42=1005 VC-12
STM-16 (1008 VC12)
2.
,
, ( ,
).
,
.

.
-

. , ,

,
. ,
,

,
, .
, , :

( 40
50);

;
;
;
25 .

: () ,
;
; ,
;
, ,
.
:
- ;
- ;
- ;
- ;
- ;
- ;
- .
, ,
. ,
.
-
-01.
7, 8.
7. -01
: , ,
, , ,
.
: -
;
-
;
- -400C +500C
:


:
,

:

:

(
4 12),

.
:
:

,
1.0


.


:
, 2.0
1
: ,
, " ",
,

8. -01


,
, /
, 1.31
,
1.55
:
, 1.31
/( ), :
1.55
, /
,

2-144
15.0-28.5
300-1800
0.36
0.22
3.5
18
400-1000
7000
80000

:

Corning SMF 28 CPC6
3:

3. -01

:
N SMF N N N - SMF ;
N - (1 , 1 ).
N 2 .
N - 50% ,
N 0,5 N 2 .
N =8 - ,
, 12.

3.
.. ,
, . 1,
, .
3.1. Huawei Technologies SDH
OptiX OSN 2500 Huawei Technologies


.
SDH / .
,

. -
OptiX OSN 2500 18,75
/ 5 /
.
:
.
, -,
, SCC (System
Control and Communication,
)
,
.
.4. OptiX OSN 2500.

OptiX OSN 2500 ,


.
19-
.
STM1/4 STM-16.
OptiX OSN 2500
STM-1/4 STM-16 .

-
.
Ethernet-. OptiX OSN 2500
Ethernet- SDH,
. , ,
OptiX OSN 2500,

. OptiX OSN 2500 :
- Ethernet 10/100/1000 /;
- ,
(HDLC - High-level Data Link Control),
- SDH (LAPS - Link Access Procedure-SDH),
(GFP - Generic Framing
Procedure);
- 2,
Ethernet- IEEE 802.1Q-tag;
- Ethernet-;
- (LCAS - Link
Capacity Adjustment Scheme),

;
- VPN 2;
- EPL (Ethernet Private Line, Ethernet), EVPL
(Ethernet Virtual Private Line, Ethernet),
EPLn/EPLAN (Ethernet Private LAN, Ethernet)
EVPLn/EVPLAN (Ethernet Virtual Private LAN,
Ethernet).
- OptiX OSN 2500:
- - 18,75 /;
- - 5 /.
.
3 - OptiX OSN 2500



STM-16
6
STM-4
22

STM-1
STM-1
E1
E3
Fast Ethernet
Gigabit Ethernet

30
22
252
24
44
8

. OptiX OSN 2500


: , , , /
, , , .
.
4 - OptiX OSN 2500

E1
E3

SCC
-48V

3.3V


1:N (N <= 4) TPS
1:1 TPS
1+1
1+1
1+1

1:N

.

.


STM-N


PDH/Ethernet/ATM/
SAN/

SCC

5 - OptiX OSN 2500

PDH,
Ethernet,
ATM,
SAN

5 -


SDH

SL16, SLQ4,

SLD4,
SL4, STMSLQ1,
SL1, 1/STM-4/STM-16

SEP1

STMEU08, OU08,
4c/STM-16c
EU04


SDH

TSB4


PDH

SPQ4,
PL3,
PQM

STM-1,

STM-1

TPS

PD3,

PQ1, E1,
E1/T1, E3/DS3 E4/STM-1,
TPS
MU04, D34S,

C34S, D75S,
D12S, D12B


Ethernet

EGS2, EGT2,

EFS0, EFS4
1000Base-SX/LX,
100Base-FX, 10/100Base-TX

ATM

ETF8, EFF8

10/100Base-TX, 100Base-FX
Ethernet

EMR0

1000Base-SX/LX,
100Base-FX, 10/100Base-TX.

ETF8, EFF8

10/100Base-TX, 100Base-FX
Ethernet

ADL4, ADQ1

STM-4 STM-1

ATM

SAN

MST4, LMST4

GE, FC/FICON,
ESCON DVB-ASI

WDM

MR2A

LWX

,

ITU-T
G.692

, CXL16, CXL4,

- SCC CXL1
STM1/STM-4/STM-16,

-,

SCC

SAP


PIU

SEI

FAN


,
PMU

10

11

C
X
L
1/
4/
16

C
X
L
1/
4/
16

12

13

14 15

S
A
P

16 17

18


PIU
22

23

24

PIU
25

6 - OptiX OSN
2500
6.

SL16

SLQ4
SLD4
SL4
SLQ1
SL1
SEP1

STM-16

4xSTM-4

2xSTM-4

STM-4

4xSTM-1

STM-1

STM-1

SPQ4

4xE4/STM-1

PL3

3xE3/DS3

PD3

6xE3/DS3

PQ1

63xE1

PQM

7, 8, I-16, S-16.1, L-16.1,


11, 12
L-16.2, L-16.2Je, V16.2Je U-16.2Je
7, 8, I-4, S-4.1, L-4.1, L11, 12
4.2 Ve-4.2
7, 8, I-4, S-4.1, L-4.1, L11, 12, 13
4.2 Ve-4.2
5, 6, I-4, S-4.1, L-4.1, L7, 8 11, 12, 13
4.2 Ve-4.2
5, 6, I-1, S-1.1, L-1.1, L7, 8, 11, 12, 13
1.2 Ve-1.2
5, 6, I-1, S-1.1, L-1.1, L7, 8, 11, 12, 13
1.2 Ve-1.2
5, 6,
7, 8, 11, 12, 13

75
STM-1
6, 7,
12, 13

75
E4/STM-1
6, 7,
12, 13

75
E3/DS3
6, 7,
12, 13

75
E3/DS3
5, 6,
7, 12, 13
120
75 E1
5, 6, 120

EGS2

EFS0

EFS4

CXL16

CXL4

CXL1

SAP

EGT2

EMR0

ADL4
ADQ1
MST4
LMST4
MR2A

LWX

63xE1/T1
2-

Gigabit
Ethernet

LAN
Fast
Ethernet
LAN

4- 10/100M Fast
Ethernet
LAN

,

STM-16,
-
20G/ 5G
SCC

STM-4, -


STM-1, -

7, 12, 13
7, 8,
11, 12

E1 100 T1
1000BASE-SX/LX

6, 7, 10/100BASE-TX
12, 13
5, 6, 10/100BASE-TX
7, 8, 11, 12, 13
9, 10

I-16, S-16.1, L-16.1


L-16.2

9, 10

S-4.1, L-4.1, L-4.2


Le-4.2

9, 10

S-1.1, L-1.1, L-1.2


Le-1.2

14

100M
Ethernet

2-- 5, 6, 1000BASE-SX/LX
7, 8, 11, 12, 13
Gigabit Ethernet

5, 6, 10/100BASE-TX,
12x10/100M 7, 8, 11, 12, 13
1000BASE-SX/LX

1x1000M
Ethernet

1xSTM-4 5, 6, S-4.1, L-4.1
ATM
7, 8, 11, 12, 13
4xSTM-1 5, 6, I-1, S-1.1, L-1.1
ATM
7, 8, 11, 12, 13
4-
5, 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13
4- 5, 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13
2-
5, 6,
7, 8, 11, 12, 13
/

5, 6,
7, 8, 11, 12, 13

3.2 -


, ,
/ .
2048
/ 1024 / :

()
1 (E&M) 2
(16);
,
;
V.11,V.24, V.35(nx64/),
G.703 (64/).

64 / n 64 /,
2048 / 1024/.
(
, ,
)
(91).

19-
3U84TE

.7
(1 91)
.

. 91
COM- ,

.
16
.

(-91) -
;
2,048 / (11) -
2048 /;
2,048 / (41) -
1 G.703 2048 /
64/ (464) - 4
G.703 4 64 /
(4) - 4 2-

(4) -
,

(4) - 4 2/4/6-

(4)- 4 2-

3- (4) -

N64/ (2VS) - 2
V.11, V35, V28.
(24-60) **-
2460
(220) **-
220
3.3
,
, .
, ,
, .
"" , ATM, IP, SDH

. ,



.

- (Dense Wavelength
Division Multiplexin - DWDM). ,
STM-n,
m,
1m.
,
- .
Huawei Technologies,

Optix BWS 320G.
Optix BWS 320G
9
9 Optix BWS 320G

,
,
1
192,1
1560,61
17
193,7
1547,72
2
192,2
1559,79
18
193,8
1546,92
3
192,3
1558,98
19
193,9
1546,12
4
192,4
1558,17
20
194,0
1545,32
5
192,5
1557,36
21
194,1
1544,53
6
192,6
1556,55
22
194,2
1543,73
7
192,7
1555,75
23
194,3
1542,94
8
192,8
1554,94
24
194,4
1542,14
9
192,9
1554,13
25
194,5
1541,35
10
193,0
1553,33
26
194,6
1540,56
11
193,1
1552,52
27
194,7
1539,77
12
193,2
1551,72
28
194,8
1538,98
13
193,3
1550,92
29
194,9
1538,19
14
193,4
1550,12
30
195,0
1537,40
15
193,5
1549,32
31
195,1
1536,61
16
193,6
1548,51
32
195,2
1535,82
OSC 1510 .

OptiX BWS 320G SDH


STM-64 1550 ,
STM-16/4.
IP, ATM Gigabit Ethernet.
:
- : 3
;
- : RS-232, RS-422, F1;
- : Qx (BNC RJ-45)
F&f.
OptiX BWS 320G:
- : OptiX BWS 320G
1 32- ,
10 / .
, 32
.
, ,
. ,
,
(OTU)
,

. OptiX BWS 320G ,
,
;
- :
, DWDM
,
ITU-T. DWDM
DWDM. DWDM,
,
(, SDH) ITUT G.692 .
DWDM
DWDM. , BWS 320G
SDH OptiX ,
OptiX SDH
OptiX BWS 320G,
DWDM. , OptiX BWS 320G
;
- : BWS 320G
SDH STM-16 /STM-64,
ITU-T - G.957/G.691.
IP, ATM
Gigabit Ethernet.

- B1 /B2
j0: OptiX BWS
320G ,
Huawei .

, OptiX
BWS 320G ,
ITU-T. OptiX BWS 320G
16 DWDM
16640 . OptiX BWS 320G

Huawei 1/2 j0.
,
(SDH DWDM),
SDH,
;
- EDFA
( , ):
DWDM
- gain locking (- gain clamping),

. OptiX BWS 320G

,

. ,
;
- : OptiX BWS 320G
,

-

.
, :
,
, ,
.
,
, ,

/ (OADM) ;
- : OptiX
BWS 320G
.

, .

,
;
- :
OptiX BWS 320G
,
, -,
,
, ,
/. ,


.
MS2 OptiX BWS 320G
. MS2
,
;
- :
OptiX BWS 320G MS2,
- .

,
,
, : ,
, /, ,
, ;
-
/: OptiX BWS 320G /
OADM, .
, / 8
. 8 ,
OADM.
, .
/ 1 16 ( 32) ;
- (OMSP):
OptiX BWS 320G
( );
- :
OptiX BWS 320G SDH OptiX
.
. ,
DWDM SDH, OptiX BWS 320G
SDH ECC.
, OptiX
BWS 320G SDH ECC,


;
- FEC ( ):
STM-64 OptiX BWS 320G FEC.
FEC
/ DWDM
DWDM.
,
, . ,

,
,
DWDM;
- (ALC): OptiX
BWS 320G
DWDM. DWDM ,
ALC
, .
10 Optix BWS 320G

TWF
STM-64
FEC
TWC
STM-16

TRF
STM-64 FEC
RWF
STM-64
FEC
RWC
STM-16

LWC
STM-16
OCU
STM-16/64 FEC
LWM

LWX

LWE/LDG Gigabit Ethernet/2Gigabit
Ethernet(2- )
WPA
WDM
WBA
- WDM
WLA
WDM
SC2

SCA

MS2

M16
M32
D16
D32
MR2
OLP
SCC
OHP
DCM

16-
32-
16-
32-
2- /



4.
4.1 C1

OptiX OSN 2500. 1
-, .

STM-16 Optix DWS 320G.
72 . 1
L-16.2.
.
4.1.1. C1
()
: .
:
S PR PD Me N C I C I S
I
C m s
Lc
PS
S( ),
PR -

R (), BER;
PD - , ..
( 1);
ME ( 3);
N ;
IS ( 0,05);
N S R ( 4);
I ( 0.3);
L

c - (0,22/0,36/);
m ( 0.03/);
L- ,( 6).

:
L

.
max pn p ,

max.
.
. .
L max
L

3 27 1 3 4 0.3 0.05
100.2
0.05
0.22 0.03
6

39
52.5
0.5
0.22
6

72 .
4.1.2.

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

CXL 1/4/16

CXL 1/4/16

SPQ4

PD3

PD3

SPQ4

SAP

MU04

SL16

EMR0

PD3

PQ1

B . 29 1, 15 3, 5 FE, 8 STM-1
17

18

8 OptiX OSN 2500 .


4.2

-
OptiX OSN 2500 -
. . , ,
- .
4.2.1.
S-4.1
.
4
.
S-4.1:
L max
L

- 8 23 1 3 4 0.3 0.05
24.6
0.05
0.36 0.03
4

88
0
0.05
0.36
4


4.2.2.
4 1
1 .

2(38)

2(52)
1(27)

1(28)
1(19)
2 (60)

2(37)
3(61)
3 (69)
2(37)

2(57)
1(24)
2(48)
2(45)
1(26)

3(68)
2(56)
2(40)
2(38)
1(23)
3(70)

OptiX OSN 2500


E1
23
16
15
19

OptiX OSN 2500


E3
1

OptiX OSN 2500


FE
2
1
1
1

(,
1)
2(53)
2(57)
2(53)
2(33)
2(36)
3(90)
2(48)

21
18
22

1
1
1


,,,,:
7

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

SAP

CXL 1/4/16

PQ1

CXL 1/4/16

SL14

EMR0

D75S

10 OptiX OSN 2500

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

SAP

CXL 1/4/16

CXL 1/4/16

SL4

EMR0

PD3

PQ1

,:

11 - .

4 E1

- 60 ( 4
) 60 ( 464)

SDH :

-
:
, ,

nx64
4
464

15+17=32
9
1

10
3
1

349
15
117
4
8

32
8
1

289
32
73
8
8

360
10
90
3
8

17
5
1
4.4
1 SDH

1,2

3,4
15

5
16
25,26

6,7
17,18,19
27,28,29
36,37

8,9
20
30,31
38,39
44

nx64

E1

56
59
63,64
70

57,58
60,61,62
65-69
71-76

E3

77

(,
1)
10,11,12 13,14
21,22
23,24
32,33
34,35
40,41
42,43
45
46,47
48,49,50 51,52,53
54,55
Ethernet
100
78
79
80
81

13 -
5.
()
. ,
, , ,

.
.

,
,

. , -
,
. ,

.

10 -11.


10-9 , 210-8 .


:
2048 /;
STM-N;
STM-N;
2048 ;

4,6*10-6.
:
1.
:

2,048

2,048
2.
:

64 /, 8 /,128 /, 5 , 10 .
() ,

1011
.
() ,
,
. , ,
( 10-9-10-11)

-8
( 10 ).
.
()
( ),
, , , . .

, ,
10 6.
,
.
:
(holdover).
, , , , ,
. , ,
, ,
. ,
,
.
. ,
VCXO (, ),
.
, , SDH
PDH.
14.
.

Q2

S1

( STM-N)
0010

Q4

0100

Q8

1000

<10-11
<10-9

<210-8

Q11

1011

<4,610-6

Q15

1111

PRC (G.811)
SSU-T - (G.812)
SSU-l -L (G.812-1)


(SEC)

(DNU)

,
, ,
.
. , .
, .
,
,

.


,
, .
3- 4-
..
,
(holdover) (free run).
.

.
1 15.

.
(
, ).
, .
, ,
, , STM-N,
.
:
1.

,
:
,
;

,
, ;

() ,
, () .
2.
, ,
,
. -
,
(, ) ,
, ,
-
.
3.

( ) ,
, ,
, ,

.
(, )

.
,
.
4.

.
,

, , (
).
5.

:
-
,
;
- ,
(SSM-) ..
, ,
, ..
, -
;
,
.
-
,
( ),
.
,
.

.
()

, :
,
SSM- ,
2,048 /;
,
, Q
, ;

(SSM),
;

,
, ..

,
:
6.
,

, STM-N
.
4-3.
7.
4
,
. ( , 4
,
.) ,
, SSM 8 11
(.. ),
: T4Q 4 .
8.
,
, :


;
(,
) ;

( 20);
.

.
10.
, ,
,
( ).
.

1
Q2
S64

S64

S64

P2

P1 Q2
S64

Q2

S64
T4


T3

T4

T4

P1 Q2

P2

3
P1 Q2

S4

S4

S4
S4

P1 Q2

S4

P2 Q15

S4

S4
2
P2 Q

P3

Q2

Q2

S4

S4

S4

P2

S4
S4
15
Q

Q2
P1

P1 Q2

P2

2
P4 Q

S4

S4

S4
S4

P1 Q2

S4
S4

P3 Q15

P1 Q2

S4

14

1
Q2
S64

S64

S64

P2

P1 Q2
S64

Q2

S64
T4


T3

T4

T4

P1 Q2

P2

3
P1 Q15

S4

S4

S4
S4

P1 Q15

S4

P2 Q2

S4

S4
2
P2 Q

P3

Q2

Q2

S4

S4

S4

P2

S4
S4
15
Q

Q2
P1

P1 Q2

P2

15
P4 Q

S4

S4

S4
S4

P1 Q2

S4
S4

P3 Q15

P1 Q2

S4

15
6.

.
(TMN, Telecommunications
Management Network).

:
" " - ,
;
;

.


.
,
(), ,
.
F-
V.24 (RS232)
.
,

, , ..
,
,
(,
, ,
).

, ,
, , . SDH
DCCr DCCm.

Q3 (
).

,
,
.
( - , )

.
,
( PDH, SDH, )
,
,

.
.



X.
.
.

20

7. SNCP
SNCP
(Subnetwork Connection Protection) . SNCP ,
( , 2
) .
.
2 SNCP:
- SNCP/I ( ), SSF
(AU-AIS AU-LOP);
- SNCP/N 1 : ExBER, TIM,
UNEQ, SD;
. SNCP/N VC-4
.
SNCP ,
.
.
2 VC SNCP:
- (
).
5 .
- .
, .
( 1 5)
.

( ).
( ).
(
).
SNCP
(SSF). (bridge)
( )
( ). Tx
2 , .. .

( )
( ).

. 15 (1
2 5 2 1 4)
/, .

.
Tx
.
SNCP ,
, . , ,
VCn (AU-AIS, AU-LOP,
ExBER).
, AIS
. SNCP

.
(bridge + switch).
. SNCP
.
SDH 1+1, 1:1 1:N.
1+1 , ,
. , 1+1
, (). 1:1
,
, . 1:N
N ;
,

.

3
S4

S4

S4
S4

S4

S4

S4

S4


S4

S4

S4
S4

S4

S4
S4
S4

3
S4

S4

S4
S4

S4

S4

S4

S4


S4

S4

S4
S4

S4

S4
S4
S4


, .

.
.
-01

,

.


OptiX OSN 2500, -
. .

. .


1.
2.
3.
4.

www.huawei.ru
www.eltex.nsk.ru
, , .
.., ..

.
5. .
6. ALCATEL.
7. .. C SDH.


1.6. STM-16

,
,



S

:
()

20


:


.
S R







S,



SR
R



, R

/
I-16

STM-16,
2 488 320,
NRZ
S-16.1 S-16.2 L-16.1

L-16.2/
L-16.3

FP

DFB

DFB

DFB

DFB

<1

<1

30

30

30

30

-3
-10
8,2

0
-5
8,2

0
-2
8,2

+3
-2
8,2

+3
-2
8,2

0-7

0-12

0-12

12-24

12

800

12

420

12-24
1600/
450
1200/
450

24

24

24

24

24

-27

-27

-27

-27

-27

-18
-3

-18
0

-18
0

-27
-9

-28/-27
-9

2/1

-27

-27

-27

-27

-27


1.1. STM-4

,
,



S

:
()

20


:


. ()
S R

.

S,

S R
R



, R

STM-1,
622080,
NRZ
I-4
S-4.1
S-4.2
1260-1360
1261- 1430- 14301360
1576
1580
FP

LED

FP

FP

40

80

7,7

2,5

30

DFB
-

-8
-15
8,2

-8
-15
8,2

-8
-15
8,2

0-7

0-12
96

0-12

18

25

296

-23
-8

-28
-8

-28
-8

1.2. STM-1

,
,


S

:
()

20


:


. ()
S R

.

S,

S R
R



, R

STM-1,
622080,
NRZ
L-4.1
L-4.2
L-4.3
1263-1360
1480153414801580
1566/
1580
15231577
FP

DFB

DFB

30

30

0
-5
10

FP
3/2,5
-

DFB
1

30

0
-5
10

0
-5
10

10-28
246
/

10-28
/

10-28
246/296
/

20

-25

-34
-10

-34
-10

-34
-10

-25