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2016

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373.167.1:811.111
81.2-9
441
31

31

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/ . 3- .
/: , 2016. 92 . ( ).
ISBN 978-5-222-26166-8


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ISBN 978-5-222-26166-8

373.167.1:811.111
81.2-9

, , 2014
, , 2014

- www.phoenixbooks.ru


: the a / an, .

a / an
A ,
: a book, a bird.
An ,
: an eye, an apple.
A / an :
This is a cat.
NB! These are cats ( , .. cats
).
A / an :
I see a very beautiful house. The house belongs to Jack Smith ( ).
A / an (
):
I am a student.
He is a businessman.
She is a housewife.
He is a man of courage.
A / an
:
A dog has a tail ( ).
A car has four wheels ( ).
A / an , , :
I go to school 3 times a / per week.
I never drive over 60 miles an / per hour.
Please, give me a pound of carrots.
I usually do my shopping 4 times a week.
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A / an + :
I have a splendid idea.
I live in a big city.
Thats a pretty hat you are wearing!
A / an , such, rather, quite:
What a beautiful dress!
I have never met such a clever student in my life!
He is a rather nice man.
It is a quite remarkable fact.
He gave me such an interesting book.
A / an
: there is, it / this is, I have ..
There is a beautiful vase on the table.
This is a pen.
I have a dog.
It is a nice place to live in.
A / an to take,
to give, to have :
to take a shower
to have a free hand
to give a start of something
to have a look of somebody -,

the
The / / :
Courage is a special kind of knowledge; the knowledge of how to
fear what ought to be feared and how not to fear what ought not to be
feared. David Ben-Gurion ( ).
These are sandwiches. The sandwiches are tasty ( ).
The :
Ive just read a book. The book is about animals.
4

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1.

The , , / :
Give me the handbag, please! It is on the sofa ( ).
Close the door, please!
The :
The dress I bought yesterday fits me well.
The film I watched last week is very thought-provoking.
The :
The sun, the moon, the universe, the sky, the world ..
The / + :
You are the first to come (the first ).
You are the prettiest girl in the world.
The , ,
: the poor, the old, the French, the Republicans ..:
The English often grumble about the weather.
The Assembly of the Russian Nobility is a non-political organization.
The :
In the morning
In the afternoon
In the evening
To the right / left /
On the whole
In the beginning
In the course of time
In the long run ..
Where is the? ?

 , , , , , ,
, :
The Thames, the Main
The Caspian Sea, the Mediterranean
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The Atlantic Ocean, The Pacific Ocean


The Alps, the Himalayas, the Urals
The Sahara
the Alaska Peninsula, the Crimea [kraimi]
 ,
: state, republic, kingdom, federation:
The United States of America
The Russian Federation
The United Kingdom of Great Britain
The Dominican Republic
The Netherlands
The Philippines
The Antarctic

 , :
The Smiths, the Browns
 , , :
The Ritz-Carlton
The Titanic
The Times
 , , , , , , :
The Kremlin
The British Museum
The Covent Garden
The Bolshoi Theater
The NASA
The Cavalli Restaurant and Lounge


:
I like apples.
Dogs are the best friends and companions.
+ :
Open page 5, please!
6

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1.

/ + :
This is my house ().
Johns book is so exciting.
+ :
Those children are so smart.
:
I detest violence ().
I like white wine ().
Knowledge is power ().
When there is life, there is hope ().
What fine weather! (weather a / an)
, , :
On Sunday I usually have my day off.
I am going to the USA in July.
It often snows in winter.
, :
I speak English fluently.
Physics is my favorite subject at school.
NB! The English language
:
Good morning, children!
:
My dream is to study at Oxford University.
:
For breakfast / supper / dinner / lunch ( / / /
); at night / noon ( / ); to go home by car / bus
( / ); to learn by heart ( ); on business ( ); at home / work ( / ); to
watch TV ( ) ..
:
 , , , :
Wall Street, Fifth Avenue, Trafalgar Square, Hyde park, Tower Bridge
NB! The Strand, the Mall
7

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 , , , :
London, New York, Paris, Tokyo
Australia, Athens (! The Hague )
Colorado, California ()
Latin America, Europe
NB! The Arctic, the Antarctic, the Far East, the Middle East
 , , :
Cyprus, Greenland, Sakhalin, Kamchatka, Alaska, Lake Baikal,
Lake Victoria
 :
Mont Blanc, Everest, Elbrus
:
 , :
John, Mary, Sam
 / + :
Mr. Smith, Dr. Brown
, + :
Aunt Mary, Uncle Tom
 , :
Buckingham Palace, St. Pauls Cathedral
 , :
London Heathrow Airport, Victoria Station

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, ,
, .
-s / -es. .
+ -s,
Bags
Books
+ -es, : -s, -ss, -x, sh, -ch, -tch
Branches
Bushes
Watches
Boxes
Bridges
+ -ies, ,

Copy copies
Lady ladies
+ -s, ,

Zoo zoos
Day days
+ -es, -,
Potato potatoes
Tomato tomatoes
O! Pianos, photos
+ -ves, -f / -fe
Knife knives
Thief thieves
Life lives
NB! Chiefs, roofs, safes
9

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:
Man men
Woman women [wimin]
Child children
Foot feet
Goose geese
Tooth teeth
Mouse mice
Ox oxen
Sheep sheep
Deer deer
Fish fish
Analysis analyses
Crisis crises
Basis bases
Phenomenon phenomena
:
Italian Italians
German Germans
Roman Romans
Russian Russians

Englishman Englishmen
Frenchman Frenchmen
Sister-in-law sisters-in-law
Housewife housewives

, :
Hair (): Your hair looks fabulous today!
Money (): Money is tight.
Time (): Time is precious.
Information (, ): Your personal information is
valuable.
Weather (): The weather is fine today.
Politics (): Politics is the art of the possible.
Knowledge (): Knowledge is power.
: Physics, Phonetics, Mathematics, Statistics, etc.
Mathematics is my favorite subject at school.
News (): No news is good news.
Advice (): Your advice is always welcome = your pieces of
advice are always welcome.
Furniture (): Modern furniture is designed to meet the needs
of any exacting customer.
10

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............................................................................................................3
a / an ............................................................3
the....................................................................4
........................................................................................6
...........................................................................................9
...............................................................................9
..........................................................................11
.................................................................................................13
..............................................................................13
...............................................................14
...........................................16
some, any, no, every ..........................17
Much / many, little / a little, few / a few ....................................................19
....................................................................20
Either, neither, both....................................................................................20
.................................................................22
............................................................................................24
......................................................24
.........................................................................25
..........................................................................................................26
................................................................34
Present simple / .............................................34
Present continuous /
..............................................................................35
Present perfect / ....................................37
Present perfect continuous / ..............................................................................39
Past simple / ................................................40
Past continuous / ...................................41
Past perfect / .......................................43
Past perfect continuous / ..............................................................................44
Future simple / .................................................45
Future continuous / .....................................47
Future perfect / .........................................49
Future perfect continuous / ..............................................................................50
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...................................................................................51
.............................................................................................53
/ passive voice .........................................................55
..............................................................................................58
..........................................................................................58
...............................................................................59
..........................................................................60
...........................................................................61
....................................................................................62
Can .............................................................................................................62
Could .........................................................................................................63
To be able to...............................................................................................63
May ............................................................................................................64
Might .........................................................................................................65
Must ...........................................................................................................66
To have to ..................................................................................................66
To be to ......................................................................................................67
Would .........................................................................................................68
Should ........................................................................................................69
Ought to .....................................................................................................70
...............................................................................72
....................................................................................................75
...................................................................................................77
...........................79
.................................................................................................80
...................................................................................................82
..................................................................82
....................................................................86
............................................................90

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