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SMALL CALIBER AMMUNITION

PART


SMALL CALIBER AMMUNITION
30mm CARTRIDGES
FOR SMALL CALIBER ARTILLERY SYSTEMS
OF GROUND FORCES

668

These cartridges are intended to engage


ground and air targets by firing from
30mm 2A42 and 2A72 automatic guns
installed on combat vehicles of ground
and airborne forces (BMP-2, BMP-3,
BMD-2, BMD-3, Rys reconnaissance vehicle), helicopters (Ka-50, Mi-28) and also
from the 2A38 automatic gun of the
2K22M Tunguska gun-missile air defense
system (except APDS and APT rounds).
The ammunition design ensures high
operational characteristics of the gun
systems owing to reliable functioning,
all-weather capability and high lethality.
The 30mm cartridges are provided with
the following projectiles:
- HE incendiary (HEI)*;
- HE incendiary tracer (HEIT);
- armor-piercing tracer (APT) and armorpiercing (AP);
- armor-piercing discarding sabot
(APDS).

30-



30- 242
272, - (-2, -3, -2,
-3, ),
(-50, -28),
28 -
222 (
) .
, , .
30- :
- --
();
- -
();
- - ( );
- - ().

HEI

*The terms and abbreviations are manufacturers (Pribor Federal Research and
Production Center) disignations. - Ed.

30mm artridges
with HEI and HEIT Projectiles
These projectiles are intended to engage
ground and air soft-skinned and lightly
armored targets and manpower and fitted with an all-weather fuze with arming
delay and self-destruct mechanisms and
several safety barriers.

HEI

30-
- (, )

HEIT



.


.


SMALL CALIBER AMMUNITION

PART

Basic Characteristics
HEI
Weight, kg:
cartridge
projectile
explosive
Muzzle velocity, m/s
Mean max pressure
of powder gases, kg/cm2
Tracer burning time, s

0.842
0.390
0.0485
960
3,600
-

HEIT
0.835
0.388
0.011
960
3,600
at least 9

30mm Cartridges
with APDS and APT Projectiles
These cartridges are intended to engage
lightly armored ground and low flying air
targets.
The APDS projectile has a core that separates in flight. The core is made from
tungsten-based alloy and possesses high
lethality and powerful after-penetration
effect.

APDS

, :

, /

, /2
,

0,842
0,390
0,0485
960
3600
-

0,835
0,388
0,011
960
3600
9

30-
(, )

APT

.
- () ,

.

669
Basic Characteristics
APDS
Weight, kg:
cartridge
projectile
Muzzle velocity, m/s
Mean max pressure
of powder gases, kg/cm2
Tracer burning time, s
Armor penetration (at obliquity angle of 600), mm:
at range of 700 m
at range of 1,500 m

0.858
0.400
970

3,600
1.5

3,600
3

30mm CARTRIDGES FOR AUTOMATIC


SMALL CALIBER AIRCRAFT GUNS
These cartridges are intended to
engage air and ground targets by
firing from 30mm GSh-6-30,
GSh-30, GSh-30K and GSh-301 automatic guns installed on Su-25,
Su-27, Yak-141, MiG-29 aircraft and
Mi-24P helicopters, and others.
The ammunition design ensures
high operational characteristics of
the gun systems owing to reliable
functioning, all-weather capability
and high lethality.
The 30mm cartridges are fitted with
the following projectiles:
- HE incendiary (HEI);
- armor-piercing tracer (APT) and
armor-piercing (AP);
- cargo-carrying (CC).

APT

0.765
0.304
1,120

25

20
-

, :

, /

, /2
,
( 600), :
700
1500

0,765
0,304
1120

0,858
0,400
970

3600
1,5

3600
3

25

20
-

30-

30-
-6-30, -30, -30 -301, -25,
-27, -141, -29
-24 .
, , .
30- :
- --
();
- - ()
() ;
- ().


SMALL CALIBER AMMUNITION

PART

30mm Cartridge
with HEI Projectile
It is intended to engage ground softskinned and lightly armored materiel,
manpower and air targets.
It is fitted with an all-weather semiboresafe fuze and an arming delay mechanism.

, .


.

HEI

Basic Characteristics

670

Weight, kg:
cartridge
projectile
explosive
Muzzle velocity, m/s
Mean max pressure
of powder gases, kg/cm2


, :

, /

, /2

0.832
0.390
0.0485
890
3,200

30mm Cartridges with APT and AP Projectiles

AP

Basic Characteristics
APT

0.831
0.390
890

3,250
at least 2

3,200
-

20

25

3200


.
,
, .

AP

0.844
0.403
880

0,832
0,390
0,0485
890

30-

APT

These cartriges are intended to engage


lightly armored ground and air targets.
The AP tracer projectile is provided with
a tracer which ensures the flight trajectory visibility and allows fire adjustment.

Weight, kg:
cartridge
projectile
Muzzle velocity, m/s
Mean max pressure
of powder gases, kg/cm2
Tracer burning time, s
Armor penetration
(at obliquity angle of 600,
speed of 200 m/s
and range of 1,000 m), mm

30-
cao

, :

, /

, /2
,

( 600
200 /
1000 ),

0,844
0,403
880

0,831
0,390
890

3250
2

3200
-

20

25


SMALL CALIBER AMMUNITION

PART

30mm Cartridge with CC Projectile

It is intended to engage unsheltered


manpower and easily vulnerable war
materiel (parked aircraft, radars, motor
vehicles, etc.).
It is fitted with subprojectiles and an
all-weather fixed-time ejector with several safety barriers.

Plug

Body

30-

( ,
, .).
()
.

CC

Subprojectile


Fuze

1100 - 1800
1,100 - 1,800 m

671

~80

CC projectile functioning diagram

15 - 300

Basic Characteristics
Cartridge (projectile; subprojectile ) weight, kg
Muzzle velocity, m/s
Time of ejector operation
from the instant of firing, s
Number of subprojectiles

0.837 (0.395; 0.0035)


885
1.1 - 1.5
28


(; ),
, /

,

0,837 (0,395; 0,0035)


885
1,1 - 1,5
28


SMALL CALIBER AMMUNITION

PART

30mm CARTRIDGES
WITH PLASTIC DRIVING BANDS

30-

These cartridges are intended for firing


from the GSh-6-30, GSh-30, GSh-30K and
GSh-301 automatic small-caliber guns
installed on various aircraft and helicopters to engage air and ground targets.
The 30mm cartridges are fitted with the
following projectiles:
- HE incendiary (HEI);
- armor-piercing tracer (APT);
- cargo-carrying (CC).

-6-30, -30, -30


-301, .
30- :
- --
();
- - ();
- ().

HEI

APT

CC

672

HEAT FRAGMENTATION SUBMUNITION


FOR CLUSTER HEADS
OF MULTIPLE LAUNCH ROCKET SYSTEMS
This ammunition is intended for firing from the Grad or Smerch MLRS to
engage lightly armored and softskinned materiel, fire weapons and
manpower in the open.
It can be used in any weather and

pierces armor up to 100 mm thick.

-
() K



,
.



100 .


SMALL CALIBER AMMUNITION

PART

30-

30mm CARTRIDGES FOR


SHIPBOARD AUTOMATIC AIR DEFENSE GUN

These cartridges are intended to engage


soft-skinned and lightly armored air and
surface targets by firing from 30mm
GSh-6-30K, GSh-6-30L and 6K30GSh
(AO-18) automatic air defense guns of
AK-630 and AK-306 shipboard gun
mounts, the Kashtan air defense system,
etc.
The ammunition design ensures high
operational characteristics of the gun
systems owing to reliable functioning,
all-weather capability and high lethality.
The 30mm cartridges are fitted with the
following projectiles:
- HE incendiary (HEI);
- HE incendiary tracer (HEIT).
They are tropicalized and fitted with an
all-weather fuze with arming delay and
self-destruct mechanisms.



30-
-6-30, -6-30, 630 (-18)
-630, -306
.

, , .
30- :
- --
();
- - ().


. .

673

Basic Characteristics
HEI
Weight, kg:
cartridge
projectile
explosive
Muzzle velocity, m/s
Mean max pressure
of powder gases, kg/cm2
Tracer burning time, s

0.832
0.390
0.0485
900
3,200
-

HEIT
0.828
0.386
0.0117
900
3,200
at least 10

, :

, /

, /2
,

0,832
0,390
0,0485
900
3200
-

0,828
0,386
0,0117
900
3200
10


SMALL CALIBER AMMUNITION

PART

23mm CARTRIDGES FOR AIR DEFENSE


MOUNTS OF GROUND FORCES

23-

These cartridges are intended to engage


air targets at slant ranges of up to
2,500 m at altitudes of up to 1,500 m and
ground targets at ranges of up to 2,000
m by firing from 23mm ZU-23 and ZSU23-4 air defense gun mounts.
The ammunition design ensures reliable
functioning, all-weather capability and
safe handling. It allows the use of
advanced technology of cartridge component manufacture and assembly,
including transfer rotary lines.
The 23mm cartridges are fitted with the
following projectiles:
- HE incendiary (HEI);
- HE incendiary tracer (HEIT);
- armor-piercing incendiary tracer
(APIT).


2500 1500 2000
23- -23 -23-4.

,
.


, .
23- :
- --
();
- -- ();
- -- ().

23mm Cartridges
with HEI and HEIT Projectiles

674
These cartridges are intended to
engage soft-skinned air and ground
targets, easily vulnerable materiel
and unsheltered manpower.

They are fitted with an all-weather


fuze with arming delay and selfdestruction mechanisms.

23-
- (, )
, ,
.

HEI

APIT

HEIT

Basic Characteristics
HEI
Weight, kg:
cartridge
projectile
explosive
Muzzle velocity, m/s
Mean max pressure
of powder gases, kg/cm2
Tracer burning time, s

HEIT

0.435
0.184
0.185
980

0.450
0.188
0.13
980

2,925
-

2,925
at least 5

, :

, /

, /2
,

0,435
0,184
0,185
980

0,450
0,188
0,13
980

2925
-

2925
5


SMALL CALIBER AMMUNITION

PART

23mm Cartridge with APIT Projectile


It is intended to engage lightly armored air and ground targets.

Basic Characteristics
Weight, kg:
cartridge
projectile
Muzzle velocity, m/s
Mean max pressure
of powder gases, kg/cm2
Armor penetration (at angle of 30o
and impact velocity of 530 m/s), mm
Tracer burning time, s

0.450
0.19
970
2,925
10
at least 5

30mm ENHANCED FRAGMENTATION


EFFECT ROUND FOR AGS-17 AND AGS-30
AUTOMATIC GRENADE LAUNCHERS

23-

.


, :

, /

, /2

( 300 530 /),


,

2925
10
5

30-

-17 -30

This round is intended for firing from the


AGS-17 and AGS-30 automatic grenade
launchers to engage manpower and war
materiel.
The grenade launcher is used to arm
motorized rifle units. It can also be
installed on helicopters, motor boats
and vehicles.
The grenade launcher is designed for flat
and curved fire.
The round is provided with an instantaneous point fuze ensuring reliable functioning of grenades on impact, including
with snow and water surfaces.
The enhanced fragmentation is obtained
owing to weakened grooves on the internal surface of the grenade body.

-17 -30
.
,
, .
,
.
,
,
.
,
.

Basic Characteristics
Weight, kg:
round
grenade
explosive
Length of round, mm
Muzzle velocity, m/s
Mean max pressure of powder
gases for group of rounds, kg/cm2
Fuze arming limits, m
Fuze self-destruction time, s
Max firing range, m
Lethal radius, m

0,450
0,19
970

0.350
0.275
0.040
132
185
1,250
10 - 60
27
1,700
6


, :

,
, /

, /2
,
,
,
,

0,350
0,275
0,040
132
185
1250
10 - 60
27
1700
6

675


SMALL CALIBER AMMUNITION

PART

40mm FRAGMENTATION ROUNDS FOR GP-25


AND GP-30 UNDERBARREL GRENADE LAUNCHERS

40-
-25, -30

These rounds are intended for flat or


curved firing from the GP-25 and GP-30
underbarrel grenade launchers used with
7.62 and 5.45mm Kalashnikov assault
rifles (AKM, AKMS, AK-74, AKS-74) to
engage manpower and combat materiel
(motor vehicles, launchers, radars, etc.).
The design ensures high performance of
rounds owing to their reliable functioning, all-weather capability and high
lethality.
Two types of grenades are used:
- VOG-25 fragmentation grenade;
- VOG-25P bouncing fragmentation
grenade which explodes at a height of
0.5 to 1.5 m from the ground surface.
The grenades are fitted with fuze assemblies incorporating arming delay and
self-destruction mechanisms.
The grenades are prefragmented.

-25, -30,
7,62-
5,45-
(, , -74, -74),
(, , .).
,
.

,
,
.
:
- -25;
-
-25 ( 0,5 - 1,5 ).


. .

676


Ejection charge

Propellant

Fuze

Bouncing fragmentation grenade


firing diagram

Body

Explosive

0,5 1,5

400
up to 400 m


SMALL CALIBER AMMUNITION

PART

Basic Characteristics

VOG-25
Weight, kg:
round
explosive
Length of round, mm
Muzzle velocity. m/s
Max sighting
range, m
Lethal radius, m
Fuze arming
range limits, m
Fuze self-destruct
time, s

0.250
0.048
102
76.5
400
6

VOG-25P
0.278
0.037
122
75
400
6

10 - 40

10 - 40

14 - 19

14 - 19

-25
, :

,
, /

,
,

,

,

-25

0,250
0,048
102
76,5

0,278
0,037
122
75

400
6

400
6

10 - 40

10 - 40

14 - 19

14 - 19

677

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