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04.2.01 0 603 64

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GPS - Global Positioning System -
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1.

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80

90

100 110 120

130 140

150

160 170

180 190

. 26.

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70

[10],

j=0

;=0

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-

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( cos (,<), (qta sin ,) iel,N

(0,)

i<l, i>N, .. ,

^\

= NaRk cosp, $_ = NaRk smq>, Dtf* = N,

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-

() .
,
<,
(0,2-),


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),

Pl

, = Nbtp0, ~1 - / .
0


=exp(-* 0 /2Mri),

=exp[-V(2tf^G +

tfPo))]

( 4 )

.
(4.1)

71

,
d ,
( / =

Nk)
2

, = [-* 0 K2Nai (1 + NR kdp0))].

(4.3)

(4.3),
,

, .
;0
xk=x0(l-NR2dp0).

(4.4)

() pmi, (1)
.=(,).

(4-5)

= (1 + Np0R2kd)/(l + NPo).
(4.5) (4.2) ,
/
1
a = max

l-dRllnp

. , = 0 . 1 ; ^;
Rk <1/VJV , d = 10 ( )
N=63 a = 1.67, .. 2.2 .

(4.5) , ,


n>N\
\ (). .. | < /maxRk

(4.2) (4.3) R.I


|< 1,

.
, - N=63
=63 (

q1,,g2l,...,qNl

q,J+l=ql+lJ

qNMl=qu\

i=l,2,...,N-l, 1 = 1,...,) |^/^ | 0.5.


~2
6 .

72


.
. [10]
N-X

N-X

7=0

7=0

1, *, >
V,

<
1,

,<0

>

cosip - 1

to _= N2
%>

)
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sin^j - 1

= N 2
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(4.6)

(0.2)

, :
N-X

^N-k

= Z
7=0

N-X

(4-7)

HVfr-jQN-mMVN-k-jlN-k-mh
=0

, = (-1)"', M{ijtij,} - ],, rj,.


, Drjj =\,\} = 0 (4.6) .
/{7,7/} (4.7) [17]:
J (7, ^7/\/ =2 arcsin
M, i'i} ,

V- 0 ^^

,i'

.* =

SjtTl+qApl

1-<1<1,1-*^'<1

1 < / < yV - :,

\<l<N-k

v.

(/ - , 0<k<N.

73

(1 + 0)

Ds =

nPHl<i<N-k
1 - < i < 1

(4.6) (4.7)
-i-i --1
1
V
V

7=0
-1

m=0

N-l

X~<

- +

u
^ N-k-j4 N-k-m

^N-k-j.N-k-m^u

"

j -

TV*-l W-i-1

A)
l + Po

k-m

7=0

<^l+^a

2L <iN-j<lN-m -arcsin

7=JV- m=JV-A

X
u
u
N-k-j,N-k-m

m=0

2
(TV-A:)arcsin ,

l + p,0
, 2
1

DN_k=(N-k)

, 2
(N-k) 1

.
p0
arcsin-
TV
l +p0

N-k-l
+ k+

N-k-l

7=0

m=0

2
V
0*-7?-?-,?*-*--arcsin^~

,
2
. /70 f*-*-i
.
p
arcsin- 0
Z^^N-jlN-k-j
+ /arcsin
1 + Po.
V
=
:
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1 + ?0

,
(yV-*)

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1
V

.
arcsin

^0 ^
- + A:+ -yV 2 ? arcsin- Po

l + p0
1 + A,

(4.8)

. , N

DZN_k=Ny(k,p0),
(,0)

> 1 -, .

, 0
** =**>)>
(4.8)
=(!>

74

(
2 '
j32=\/(k,dp0)]/\l + -Np0 .

(4.8), /

-
^ f o
(

dP

f 1

) -

(\nplu/lnpcul)-l

. , k = N, Rk sl/VJV,
0 1 (4.3) y(k,dpo) = 2, =0.1,/>1 =0.4
= 2.65 (4.2 ).

. ,

. (4.8)

R%

[18]
2

\(

N\

N)

:
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(4.9)

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N=63,

75

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-

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79

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u(t) = U0A(t)cos(w0t

+ B(t) + v),

A(t) B(t) - ().


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A(t) eKw"'+v) em,),

Po - ,
k - .

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/K +v)

= 4(R) A(t) e '

i m

^F(i?) - R.
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(R) - (0-R),
t' = t

R Ic- R.

80

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HR,R()( R 'R0,t)-

= P 0 -(R)

0(R)dSA(R,Rn)

- A(R,Ro)

5 - \ S ( > o ) .A(tveJ(w0t"+v).ej(B(t>wDf)

A(R,Ro)'

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R),
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. R dS (

R-Ro),
- (/?, Ro) - (R-Ro),

? = t'- R-Ri

I - Ro,

WD - -
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(, dS, R)

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.^^.0).

=?

g(R,Ro)-GQ(R,Ro)

;|2

Q(R, Ro)
G

R-Ro

j(w0t'+v). pj(B(t>wDt')

- . Ro,
- .

, . Ro
Q m R

81

U m (Ro,t) =
JP 0 l'(R) (R)A(X,Y,Z)-A(R,Ro) ^ - - ^ gCR.Roj-G-QCR.Ro) ^
|R|

Qm

|R-RO|

^nt'+v) ^ W W ) ^

dS" = &m {X, Y, Z) : dV -

Qm.

Ro

- Uo(R>t) - Ro

- e(R)G-Q(R,R0)
U0(Ro,t) = P.-4L(R)
R.

....
,(Wo,+ )
A(t')-eAw,+v)-e
v

JB{f)

( R s

UP(Rs,Ro,t) =

=P0-(R)

0(R)fl(Rs,Ro) S(R,Ro)-G-Q(R,Ro)

Rs 2

ej(w0f+v). e

j(B(t>wDf)

R-Ro

82

6(Rs,Ro)

- .

( ,

, ) -

(Rf>,t) = UP(Rs,Ro,t) + U0(Ro,t) + ZUm(Ro,t)

+ ij(t).

( - s-
)

Ucs(t,r,G))

= h- Ait + ) 11)

eim+r)+M),

- , - ,
h

- .

R c (r,) =

1 ,

. ^

. .

= ^IUc(t,T,^)-|*(Ro,t)-dt = -JU c (t,r,)4Up*(Rs^o,t) + TJ0*(Ro,t)+SUm*(Ro,t)+n*(t)}dt


1

83

=^lUc(t,T,co)-UP
1

*(Rs,Ro,t)dt+^)uc(t,T,co)-{U0

*(Ro,t) + J^JM *(Ro,t) + n*(t)}-dt

<"

( - )

Rcp(T,G)) =


-jUc(t,T,(D)-UP*(R!>,Ro,t)dt

Rc^TM

= ^)uc(t,T,co)-{Uo*(Ro,t)
1

+ Y,Um*(Rc>,t) + n*(t)}-dt

= ^Jy c (t,r,)-Uo*CRo,t)-*+ijtJ c ^^
1

"'


.
_( ):

w o c ( r , ) = -JUc(t>*)-Uo*(Ro,t)-dt

= i J U C (t, , ) {0 W(R) ( R ) -2G j l ( R . R o ) . A ( t ' ) ^ ^ > . } * . d t

84

R .

2(].)-G,fi(0,A)
R,

. , (
), ,

/(,)=>0()*,

Woc(r,) = ;j;JtJ c (t,r,)-U 0 *(Ro,t)-dt =


1

=ijuc(t,r,(a).{P0.2(R0).@Mi|).A(t>eXw,.'+,)

-G

NP(Ro)-0(Ro)O(O,Ro)

Rr

.eJB(,')}*.dt =

|U c (t, , ) {argt(Ro) 0(Ro) O(0,Ro)] A(t') e j(Wot ' +v) em>)} * -dt

3)-0()-(,)

Rn

85

77 = [ ( ) . 0 ( ) - ( , ) ]

Woc(, = 0 F 0 I ] u c ( t , , ) A(t') -^'' ^"> "W> dt


1

, F o . 1 .Jh MX+) e* w ot*/4).eJCBCt^Hot).^. e -j(w 0 t' + v^) . e -jB(t'). d t :


T

= P o - F 0 - h Z c ( r + R 0 /c,0),

Zc (, ) - ,
Zc (,0) -

Zc (, ) w=0.

Fo ,
Ro/c . h
.

x(Ro,t)
UKo(Ro.t)

lo(Ro,t)

= l(Ro,t)

UKO(Ro,t).

, ,
. ..

86

Woc(T,a)) = \Uc(t,T,co){U0*(Ro,t)
T

+ UKQ*(R0,t)}-dt

= 0.

J(*ot'+v)

J(B')

? :
.
, Fo - , -
.

A(t') eJ{Wot'+v)

At= R /
-

.
,

UP(Rs,Ro,t) = 0

^,(^>0 = 0
m

l(Ro, t) = U0 (Ro,t) + n{t).

87


Wts(^) = ^JU c s (t,T,)-{Uo*(Ro,t) + n*(t)}-dt =
1

= P o - F 0 . h . Z c s ( r + R 0 / c , 0 ) + IH c s (T,^),
5 (, ) - - .
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() PoFo.

, .

.
, .. ,
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^'

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