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EN 1993-1-1-2009 (02250)

3

1-1.

3

1-1. i i i

(EN 1993-1-1:2005, IDT)


2009
N 1993-1-1-2009

69+624.014.2.04 91.010.30; 91.080.10 03 IDT


: , ,
, , ,

, ,

.
1
( 09) --
( )
-

2
10 2009 . 404

5.04

3
N 1993-1-1:2005 Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings
( 3. . 1-1. ).
CEN/ 250
.
(n).
,
, , ,
.

.

..
(IDT)
4

, 2009

ii
N 1993-1-1-2009


EUROPISCHE NORM
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPENNE

91.010.30; 91.080.10 ENV 1993-1-1:1992

3.
1-1.


, CEN 2005 .
(CEN)
CEN/CENELEC, ,
- .

CEN .
( , ,
). ,

, , .
(CEN)
, , , , , , , ,
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, , , , , , , , ,
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Europisches Komitee fr Normung
European Committee for Standardization
omitee Europeen de Normalisation

2009 CEN , ,
CEN
iii
N 1993-1-1-2009

EN 1993 3.
CEN/TC 250 ,
BSI. CEN/TC 250 .

2005 .
2010 .
ENV 1993-1-1.
CEN/CENELEC
: , , ,
, , , , , , , , , ,
, , , , , , , ,
, , , , , .

1975 .
, 95 .
.

,
-
.
15 -
,
1980- .
1989 . - (EU)
(EFTA) 1) CEN

(EN).
/ ,
(, 89/106/EEC (CPD)
93/37/EEC, 92/50/EEC 89/440/EEC
EFTA, ).
, , , :
EN 1990 .
EN 1991 1.
EN 1992 2.
EN 1993 3.
EN 1994 4.
EN 1995 5.
EN 1996 6.
EN 1997 7.
EN 1998 8.
EN 1999 9. .
-
,
, .
______________________________
1)
(CEN),
(BC/CEN/03/89).
iv
N 1993-1-1-2009


- EU EFTA ,
:

89/106/EEC,
1 2
;

;

(EN ETA).
, ,
2), 12 CPD,
3). ,
,
CEN / EFTA, ,
.

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,
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( ), CEN,
,
().
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,
, :
/ , ;
, ;
, -,
;
, .
:
;
, -
.

______________________________
2)
3.3 CPD, (ER),

hEN ETAG/ETA.
3)
12 CPD :
)
, ,
;
) ,
, , . .;
)
.
, , 1 (ER1)
2 (ER2).

v
N 1993-1-1-2009

(EN ETA)


4). ,
, CE- ,
, ,
.
EN 1993-1
EN 1993 EN 1990
, EN 1991 EN 1992 EN 1999 ,
.
EN 1993-1 EN 1993.
, EN 1993-2 EN 1993-6.
, .
EN 1993-1 , EN 1993-1-1 EN 1993-1-12,
,
.
EN 1993-1 , (
, , ),
CEN .
EN 1993-1 :
, , ;
(, );
;
.

, .

.
EN 1993-1-1
, ,
. ,
EN 1993-1-1, ,
,
, .
EN 1993-1-1 :
2.3.1(1);
3.1(2);
3.2.1(1);
3.2.2(1);
3.2.3(1);
3.2.3(3)B;
3.2.4(1);
5.2.1(3);
5.2.2(8);
5.3.2(3);
5.3.2(11);
5.3.4(3);
6.1(1);
6.1(1)B;
6.3.2.2(2);

______________________________

vi
N 1993-1-1-2009
4)
. 3.3 12 CPD, 4.2, 4.3.1, 4.3.2 5.2 1 (ID 1).
6.3.2.3(1);
6.3.2.3(2);
6.3.2.4(1)B;
6.3.2.4(2)B;
6.3.3(5);
6.3.4(1);
7.2.1(1)B;
7.2.2(1)B;
7.2.3(1)B;
BB.1.3(3)B.

vii
N 1993-1-1-2009

1 ................................................................................................................................. 1
1.1 ..................................................................................................................... 1
1.2 ..................................................................................................................... 2
1.3 ...................................................................................................................... 3
1.4 ..................................................... 3
1.5 ................................................................................................................ 3
1.6 ................................................................................................................................... 4
1.7 .................................................................................... 10
2 ...................................................................................................... 12
2.1 ................................................................................................................................... 12
2.1.1 ........................................................................................................ 12
2.1.2 ................................................................................................... 12
2.1.3 , ........................................... 12
2.2 ....................................................................... 12
2.3 ................................................................................................................ 13
2.3.1 .................................................................... 13
2.3.2 ....................................................................................... 13
2.4 ...................................................... 13
2.4.1 ........................................................................ 13
2.4.2 ...................................................... 13
2.4.3 ..................................................................... 13
2.4.4 (EQU) ....................................................................... 13
2.5 ................................................................................ 14
3 ........................................................................................................................................... 14
3.1 ........................................................................................................................ 14
3.2 ................................................................................................................ 15
3.2.1 ......................................................................................................... 15
3.2.2 ................................................................................................ 15
3.2.3 ........................................................................................................... 16
3.2.4 ........................................................... 16
3.2.5 ................................................................................................................................. 16
3.2.6 ........................................ 16
3.3 .................................................................................................................................. 17
3.3.1 .................................................................................................... 17
3.3.2 ............................................................ 17
3.4 ............................................................. 17
4 ..................................................................................................................................... 17
viii
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5 .............................................................................................................................17
5.1 ................................................................................. 17
5.1.1 ..................................................... 17
5.1.2 ........................................................................................................ 17
5.1.3 ....................................................................... 18
5.2 ...................................................................................................................... 18
5.2.1 ....................................................... 18
5.2.2 ................................................................................................................ 19
5.3 ........................................................................................................................... 20
5.3.1 .......................................................................................................... 20
5.3.2 ............................................................... 20
5.3.3 ................................................................... 24
5.3.4 ................................................................................................ 26
5.4 ................................................... 26
5.4.1 ............................................................................................................... 26
5.4.2 ............................................................................................... 26
5.4.3 ..................................................................................... 26
5.5 ......................................................................................... 27
5.5.1 .......................................................................................................... 27
5.5.2 .................................................................................................................... 27
5.6 ..................... 28
6 ............................................................................ 31
6.1 ........................................................................................................................ 31
6.2 ....................................................... 31
6.2.1 ............................................................................................................... 31
6.2.2 ..................................................................................................... 32
6.2.3 - .................................................................................... 34
6.2.4 - ........................................................................................... 35
6.2.5 ........................................................................................................ 35
6.2.6 , ................................................... 36
6.2.7 , ................................................................................. 38
6.2.8 , ......... 39
6.2.9 , ......................................... 39
6.2.10 , ,
................................................................................................ 41
6.3 ................................................................... 42
6.3.1 - ...................................................... 42
6.3.2 .................................................................... 45
6.3.3 - ( ) ................ 49
6.3.4
............................................................. 50
6.3.5
.............................................................................................. 51

ix
N 1993-1-1-2009

6.4 .................................................................... 52
6.4.1 ............................................................................................................... 52
6.4.2 ......................................................................... 54
6.4.3 ......................................................................... 56
6.4.4 ........................................................................................... 57
7 ............................................................ 58
7.1 ........................................................................................................................ 58
7.2 ................................ 58
7.2.1 ....................................................................................................... 58
7.2.2 .......................................................................................... 58
7.2.3 ..................................................................................................... 58
A () 1: kij
6.3.3(4).................................................................... 59
B () 2: kij
6.3.3(4).................................................................... 61
AB () ...................................... 63
BB () .................... 64
. () ,
, ,
.......................................... 74
.................................................................................................................... 75

x
N 1993-1-1-2009

3

1-1.

3

1-1. i i i

Eurocode 3
Design of steel structures
Part 1-1. General rules and rules for buildings

2010-01-01

1
1.1
1.1.1 3
(1) 3
.
, , EN 1990
.
(2) 3 ,
, . , ,
, - , .
(3) 3 :
EN 1990 ;
EN 1991 ;
EN, ETAG ETA , ;
EN 1090 . ;
EN 1992 N 1999 , .
(4) 3 :
EN 1993-1 .
EN 1993-2 .
EN 1993-3 . ,
EN 1993-4 . ,
EN 1993-5 .
EN 1993-6 . .
(5) EN 1993-2 EN 1993-6 ,
EN 1993-1. , EN 1993-2 EN 1993-6,
,
EN 1993-1.
(6) EN 1993-1 :
EN 1993-1-1 .
EN 1993-1-2 . .

1
N 1993-1-1-2009

EN 1993-1-3 . .

EN 1993-1-4 .
EN 1993-1-5 .
EN 1993-1-6 .
EN 1993-1-7 .

EN 1993-1-8 .
EN 1993-1-9 .
EN 1993-1-10 .

EN 1993-1-11 .
,
EN 1993-1-12 .
.
1.1.2 1.1 3
(1) EN 1993-1-1
t 3 .
. ,
, : ( )B.

t < 3 . EN 1993-1-3.
(2) EN 1993-1-1 :
1. ;
2. ;
3. ;
4. ;
5. ;
6. ;
7. .
(3) 12 EN 1990.
(4) 3
.
(5) 4 .
(6) 5 ,
.
(7) 6 -
.
(8) 7 .
1.2

.
, . ,

. ( ).
1.2.1
EN 1090 .
EN 12944 .

EN 1461 . -
.

2
N 1993-1-1-2009

1.2.2
EN 10025-1:2004 . 1.

EN 10025-2:2004 . 2. -

EN 10025-3:2004 . 3. -
/

EN 10025-4:2004 . 4. -

EN 10025-5:2004 . 5. -

EN 10025-6:2004 . 6. -
,
EN 10164:1993
, .
EN 10210-1:1994
. 1.
EN 10219-1:1997
. 1. .
1.3
(1) EN 1990
EN 1090.
1.4
(1) . EN 1990, 1.4.
1.5
(1) . EN 1990, 1.5.
(2) EN 1993-1-1 :
1.5.1 (frame): ,
, ;
, .
.
1.5.2 - (sub-frame): ,
, .
1.5.3 (type of framing): , -
:
(semi-continuous),
;
(continuous),
;
(simple), .
1.5.4 (global analysis): ( )
.
1.5.5 (system length):
, ,
.
1.5.6 (buckling length):
, ,
.
1.5.7 (shear lag effect):
, ;
.

3
N 1993-1-1-2009

1.5.8 (capacity design): ,



.
1.5.9 (uniform member): .
1.6
(1) .
(2) , .
N 1993-1-1.
.
1
xx ;
yy ;
zz ;
uu ( y y);
vv ( z z);
b ;
h ;
d ;
tw ;
tf ;
r ;
r1 ;
r2 ;
t .
2
Pk ,
;
Gk ;
Xk ;
Xn ;
Rd ;
Rk ;
M ;
Mi ;
Mf ;
;
ad .
3
fy ;
fu ;
Reh , ;
Rm , ;
A0 ;
y , ( );
u , ;
ZEd Z-,
;
ZRd Z-;
E ;
G ;
;
.
4
N 1993-1-1-2009

5
cr ,
;
FEd ;
Fcr ,
;
HEd
;
VEd ;
H,Ed ;
h ;
;
NEd ;
;
0 ;
h , h;
h ;
m , ;
m , ;
e0 ();
L ;
init ;
cr ;
e0,d ;
MRk ,
;
NRk , ;
;
EIcr
cr ;
;
ult,k
;
cr
;
q ;
q ;
qd ;
MEd ;
k e0,d;
;
;
com,Ed ;
l ;
, fy;
c ;
;
;
k ;
d ,
.

5
N 1993-1-1-2009

6
M0
;
M1
;
M2
;
x,Ed , ;
z,Ed , ;
Ed ;
NEd ;
My,Ed y y;
Mz,Ed z z;
NRd ;
My,Rd
y y;
Mz,Rd
z z;
s ,
, , ;
p , ,
;
n ,
, ;
d0 ;
N Aeff
;
MEd ,
Aeff ;
Aeff ;
Nt,Rd ;
Npl,Rd
;
Nu,Rd
;
Anet ;
Nnet,Rd
;
Nc,Rd ;
Mc,Rd
;
Wpl ;
Wel,min ;
Weff,min ;
Af ;
Af,net ;
VEd ;
Vc,Rd ;
Vpl,Rd -
;
Av ;
;
S ;
I ;
Aw ;
6
N 1993-1-1-2009

Af ;
TEd ;
TRd ;
Tt,Ed -;
Tw,Ed ;
t,Ed , -
;
w,Ed , ;
w,Ed , BEd;
BEd ;
Vpl,T,Rd
;

, ;
MV,Rd
;
MN,Rd
;
n
;
a ;
, ;
, ;
eN,y Aeff -
( y y);
eN,z Aeff -
( z z);
Weff,min ;
Nb,Rd ;
;
;
a0, a, b, c, d ;
Ncr
, ;
i ;
1 ;
T -
;
Ncr,TF -
;
Ncr,T ;
Mb,Rd
;
LT ;
LT LT;
LT , ;
LT ;
Mcr ;
LT ,0
;

;

7
N 1993-1-1-2009

LT,mod
;
f LT;
Lc ;
kc ,
;
;
f ;
if,z
;
Ieff,f
;
Aeff,f ;
Aeff,w,c ;
,0 ;
kfl ;
My y y;
Mz z z;
y
y y ( );
z
z z ( );
kyy ;
kyz ;
kzy ;
kzz ;
op ;

op op ;
ult,k

;
cr,op

;
NRk ;
My,Rk y y;
Mz,Rk z z;
Qm , -
;
Lstable ( );
Lch ;
h0 ;
a ;
;
imin ;
Ach ;
Nch,Ed ;

MEd ,
;
Ieff ;
Sv ;
n ;
Ad ;
d ;
8
N 1993-1-1-2009

AV ( ) ;
Ich ;
Ib ;
;
iy y y.
A
Cm,y ;
Cm,z ;
Cm,LT ;
y ;
z ;
Ncr,y y y
;
Ncr,z z z
;
Cyy ;
Cyz ;
Czy ;
Czz ;
wy ;
wz ;
npl ;
max y z ;
bLT ;
cLT ;
dLT ;
eLT ;
y y y;
Cm,y,0 ;
Cm,z,0 ;
aLT ;
IT ( -);
Iy y y;
Mi,Ed(x) ;
x .

B
s ;
h ;
Cm .
AB
G ;
Gk ;
Q ;
Qk .
BB
eff,v v v;
eff,y y y;
eff,z z z;
L ;
Lcr ;
S ,
;
9
N 1993-1-1-2009

Iw ;
C,k (,
) ;
K , ;
K , ;
C,R,k , ,
;
C,C,k
;
C,D,k ,
;
Lm ;
Lk ;
Ls ;
C1 , ;
Cm ;
Cn ;
a
;
B0 ;
B1 ;
B2 ;
;
is ;
t ;
R1 ;
R2 ;
R3 ;
R4 ;
R5 ;
RE R1 R5;
RS R Ly;
c ;
hh ;
hmax Ly;
hmin Ly;
hs ;
Lh Ly;
Ly .
1.7
(1) :
x x ; y y ; z z .
(2) , :
) :
yy , ;
zz , ;
) :
yy , ;
zz , ;
) :
uu ( y y);
vv ( z z).
(3) , ,
1.1.

10
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(4) , .

, y y z z; , ,
u u v
v.

11
N 1993-1-1-2009

1.1

2
2.1
2.1.1
(1)
, EN 1990.
(2) ,
.
(3) 2 EN 1990
,
EN 1990, , EN 1991.
(4) ,
, EN 1993.
2.1.2
(1)
EN 1990 EN 1090.
2.1.3 ,
2.1.3.1
(1) ,
(. EN 1990), :
) :
(. EN ISO 12944);
, ;
(. EN 1993-1-4);
)
(. EN 1993-1-9);
) ;
) (. EN 1991-1-7);
) .
2.1.3.2
(1) ,
.
(2) . 2.1
EN 1990.
(3) ,
, . 2.1.3.3(3)B.
2.1.3.3
(1)
, ,
.
(2) ,
, . EN 1993-1-4 EN 1993-1-10, , . EN 1993-1-9,
.
(3) , (,
), , -
.
2.2
(1)
, EN 1990, 3.3,
, ,
.
12
N 1993-1-1-2009

(2) , ,
, 3.
2.3
2.3.1
(1) EN 1991.
. A EN 1990.
1 ,
.
2 . AB.1 ( AB).
3 . AB.2 ( AB).
(2) EN 1991-1-6.
(3)
.
(4)
, ,
Pk
Gk (Gk + Pk).
(5) , EN 1991,
EN 1993-1-9.
2.3.2
(1)
, , EN, ETAG
ETA, .
2.4
2.4.1
(1) Xk Xn
.
2.4.2
(1)
hN EN 1090
.
(2) ,
, ,
:
,
;
;
;
.
2.4.3
(1) (6.6) (6.6d) EN 1990.

Rk 1
Rd Rk 1 X k 1;i X ki ; ad , (2.1)
M M
Rk ,

;
M .
1, i, Xk1, Xki ad EN 1990.
2.4.4 (EQU)

13
N 1993-1-1-2009

(1) , 1.2(A)
EN 1990, , (EQU), ,
.
2.5
(1) Rk
D EN 1990.
(2) Mi
Rk
Rk Rd Mi , (2.2)

Rd , D EN 1990;
Mi .
1 Mi
, Rk 5 %
.
2 -
Mf . EN 1993-1-9.
3
. EN 1993-1-10.
(3) Rk
(2).

3
3.1
(1) ,
, .
(2) EN 1993 , ,
, 3.1.
. .

3.1 fy
fu

t,

t 40 40 < t 80
2 2 2
fy, / fu, / fy, / fu, /2

N 10025-2
S 235 235 360 215 360
S 275 275 430 255 410
S 355 355 510 335 470
S 450 440 550 410 550
N 10025-3
S 275 N/NL 275 390 255 370
S 355 N/NL 355 490 335 470
S 420 N/NL 420 520 390 520
S 460 N/NL 460 540 430 540
N 10025-4
S 275 M/ML 275 370 255 360
S 355 M/ML 355 470 335 450
S 420 M/ML 420 520 390 500
S 460 M/ML 460 540 430 530
N 10025-5

14
N 1993-1-1-2009

S 235 W 235 360 215 340


S 355 W 355 510 335 490
N 10025-6
S 460 Q/QL/QL1 460 570 440 550

3.1 fy
fu

t,

t 40 40 < t 80
2 2 2
fy, / fu, / fy, / fu, /2

N 10210-1
S 235 H 235 360 215 340
S 275 H 275 430 255 410
S 355 H 355 510 335 490
S 275 NH/NLH 275 390 255 370
S 355 NH/NLH 355 490 335 470
S 420 NH/NHL 420 540 390 520
S 460 NH/NLH 460 560 430 550
N 10219-1
S 235 H 235 360
S 275 H 275 430
S 355 H 355 510
S 275 NH/NLH 275 370
S 355 NH/NLH 355 470
S 460 NH/NLH 460 550
S 275 MH/MLH 275 360
S 355 MH/MLH 355 470
S 420 MH/MLH 420 500
S 460 MH/MLH 460 530

3.2
3.2.1
(1) fy fu
:
) : fy = Reh fu = Rm ;
) 3.1.
.
3.2.2
(1)
:
fu/fy fu
fy;
5,65 A0 ( A0
);
u, fu.
fu/fy,
u . :
fu/fy > 1,10;
15 %;
15
N 1993-1-1-2009

u > 15y, y (y = fy/E).


(2) , , 3.1, -
.
3.2.3
(1) ,

.
.
(2) , EN 1993-1-10, ,
.
(3) , ,
.
B
, . 2.1
EN 1993-1-10 Ed = 0,25fy(t).
(4) . EN 1461.
3.2.4
(1) EN 1993-1-10
, ,
EN 10164.
1 EN 1993-1-10.
2B
, .
3B ZEd
3.2(2) EN 1993-1-10 ZEd, EN 10164.
, 3.2.

3.2 EN 10164

ZEd ZRd,
EN 1993-1-10 Z- EN 10164

ZEd 10
10 < ZEd 20 Z 15
20 < ZEd 30 Z 25
ZEd > 30 Z 35

3.2.5
(1) ,
, ETAG ETA,
.
(2) EN 1090.
(3) .
3.2.6
(1) , ,
:
E 210 000 /2 ;
E
G 81000 /2 ;
2 (1 )
= 0,3;
= 12 106 1 ( T < 100 C).

16
N 1993-1-1-2009

, ,
EN 1994,
= 10 106 1.

3.3
3.3.1
(1) EN 1993-1-8.
3.3.2
(1) EN 1993-1-8.
3.4
(1) ,
, ETAG,
ETA.

4
(1) EN 1990.
(2) ,
, EN 1090.
EN 1090 , ,
.
(3) , ,
, , ,
,
.
(4) -
:
) ;
) , ;
) , ;
) , .
(5) , , -
.
(6)
, 80 %.

5
5.1
5.1.1
(1) ,
.
(2)

, , .
(3) , , .
(4)
. EN 1993-1-5 EN 1993-1-11.
5.1.2
(1)
,
( ), ,
. EN 1993-1-8.
(2) , ,
, . EN 1993-1-8, 5.1.1:

17
N 1993-1-1-2009

, , ;
, ,
;
, .
(3) , , EN 1993-1-8.
5.1.3
(1) , .
EN 1997 .

5.2
5.2.1
(1) :
, ;
, .
(2) ( )
,
.
(3) ,
,
, . ,
:

Fcr
cr 10 ,
FEd

Fcr (5.1)
cr 15
FEd

,
cr ,
;
FEd ;
Fcr ,
.
(5.1)
cr,
(,

).
cr .
(4) -
, (5.1)
. cr
, , :

HEd h
cr , (5.2)
VEd H ,Ed
HEd
, . 5.3.2(7);
VEd ;
H,Ed
(, )
, ;
18
N 1993-1-1-2009

h .

5.1 5.2.1(2)

1B (4)B
, , 1:2 (26).
2B (4)B
,

Afy
0,3 , (5.3)
NEd
NEd ;
,
, .
(5)
, , . EN 1993-1-5.

.
(6)
, .
5.2.2
(1) 5.2.1 ,
(2) (6).
(2)
.
(3)
:
) ;
)
6.3;
) -
, 6.3, ,
.
(4)
( ). ,
,
(, ),
.
(5)B

HEd (, ) VEd,
19
N 1993-1-1-2009

(. 5.3.2(7))
,
1 (5.4)
1
1
cr
, cr 3,0.
cr (5.2) ,
,

5.2.1(4)B.
B cr < 3,0 .
(6)B
, (5)B , :
;
;
.
. 5.2.1(4)B.
(7) (3)
:
)
(. 5.3.4) ,
6.3 ;
)
(,
/ , . 5.3.4)
,
6.3 , .
,
, (. 5.3.2),
.
(8) 6.3,

,
. ,
,

.
.

5.3
5.3.1
(1) ,
, , , ,

,
.
(2) , . 5.3.2 5.3.3,
, ,
, , . 5.3.4.
(3) :
) ;
) .
5.3.2
20
N 1993-1-1-2009

(1)
.
(2) ,
,
.
(3) , ,
,

. :
) ( ),
. 5.2:

0 h m , (5.5)

0 : 0 = 1/200;
h , h:
2 2
h , h 1,0 ,
h 3
h , ;
m , :
1,
m 0,5 1
m
m , ,
NEd, 50 % ,
;

5.2

)
:
e0 L , (5.6)

L .
e0/L .
5.1.

5.1 e0/L

e0/L
6.1

a0 1/350 1/300
a 1/300 1/250
b 1/250 1/200
21
N 1993-1-1-2009

c 1/200 1/150
d 1/150 1/100

(4)
,

HEd 0,15VEd . (5.7)

(5) , ,
, 5.3, ,
(5.5) h, . (3)a).

5.3
,

(6) ,
6.3,
. , ,
(. 5.2.1(3)) ,
:
, ;

Afy
0,5 , (5.8)
NEd
NEd ;
,
.
,
. 5.2.2(3) 5.3.4.
(7)
, , .
5.3 5.4.

22
N 1993-1-1-2009

5.4

(8)
, .
(9) -
.
(10) ,
, 5.5.

a) A A B B ) A A B B

1 ; 2

5.5 ( )

(11) (3) (6) ( )


cr
. :

Ncr e NRk
init e0 cr 02 cr , (5.9)

EIcr,max
EIcr,max
23
N 1993-1-1-2009


EI cr,max cr ;
cr ;

2
1
MRk M1
e0 0,2 0,2 ; (5.10)
NRk 1 2

ult,k
, (5.11)
cr

, . 6.1 6.2;
,
, . 6.3.1;
ult,k NEd
NRk
;
cr NEd
;
MRk ,
, Mel,Rk Mpl,Rk ;
NRk ,
, Npl,Rk.
1 ult,k cr
NEd,
.
2 (11).
5.3.3
(1) ,
,
:

e0 m L 500 , (5.12)
L ;
1
m 0,5 1 ,
m
m .
(2) , ,
NEd, 5.6.

e0 q
qd NEd 8 , (5.13)
L2
q q
, .
q , .
(3) , NEd
(. 5.6)
NEd MEd h , (5.14)

MEd ;
h .
24
N 1993-1-1-2009

, NEd
.
(4)
, mNEd/100,
, 5.7.
(5) (4) ,
, , , (1),
.

e0 ; qd ;
1
NEd L .

5.6

= m0: 0 = 1/200
2NEd = mNEd/100

1 ; 2

25
N 1993-1-1-2009

5.7
5.3.4
(1)
, . 6.3.
(2)
5.2.2(7)a), e0 5.3.2(3)), 5.3.2(5)
5.3.2(6).
(3) ,
, ke0,d, e0,d
.
.
k .
k = 0,5.

5.4
5.4.1
(1) :
) ;
) .
- () . EN 1993-1-5.
(2) .
(3) ,
.
,
,
,
, 5.6.
, -
,
, . EN 1993-1-8.
(4)
,
15 %,
, ,
:
) ;
) , , 1 2 (. 5.5);
) .
5.4.2
(1) , -
.
. 5.1.2(2) (3).
(2) ,

, . 6.2.
(3) ,
, . 6.2.
5.4.3
(1)
.
:
- , -
, / , ;

26
N 1993-1-1-2009

,
;
- ,
.
(2) ,
,
, . 5.5 5.6.
(3) ,
, . 6.3.5.
(4) - 5.8,
, 3. ,
EN 1993-1-5, .

5.8 -

(5) - ,
(, ).
, . EN 1993-1-8.
(6)
, 5.2.

,
() .

5.5
5.5.1
(1) ,

.
5.5.2
(1) :
1 ,
,
;
2 , ,
;
3 ,
,
;
4 ,
.
(2) 4

, . EN 1993-1-5, 5.2.2.
(3)
, .
27
N 1993-1-1-2009

(4) ,
.
(5) ( )
.
(6) ( )
. 6.2.1(10) 6.2.2.4(1).
(7)
, .
(8) c t 1, 2 3 5.2.
, 3,
4.
(9) , (10), 4 3,
c t , 3 5.2 235 ,
com,Ed M 0
com,Ed ,
, , .
(10) , 6.3,
c t 3 5.2.
(11) 3 1 2
2 6.2.2.4.
(12) , ,
,
2, 3 4 .
, . EN 1993-1-5.

5.6
(1) ,
, ,
.
(2)
, :
) 1;
) ,
10 % , . 6.2.6, -
h/2 ( h )
.
(3)
:
) , ,
, , , 2d,
( d );
) , ,
1
:
2d, (3)a);
, 0,8
;
) 1 2,
1, 2 3.
(4) , (3)),
, 6.2.5(4).
(5) ,
, ,
(2) (4).
28
N 1993-1-1-2009

(6) ,

,
, (2) (5) .
5.2

, ,
,


-
( -
)

396
0,5: c t
13 1
1 c t 72 c t 33
36
0,5: c t

456
0,5: c t
13 1
2 c t 83 c t 38
41,5
0,5: c t


-
( -
)

42
1: c t
3 c t 124 c t 42 0,67 0,33

1*: c t 62 1
fy 235 275 355 420 460
235 fy
1,00 0,92 0,81 0,75 0,71

29
N 1993-1-1-2009

* 1 , fy ,

y fy E .

30
N 1993-1-1-2009

5.2

, ,


(
)

9 9
1 c t 9 c t c t

10 10
2 c t 10 c t c t


(
)

c t 21 k
3 c t 14
k . EN 1993-1-5

fy 235 275 355 420 460


235 fy
1,00 0,92 0,81 0,75 0,71

.
(. )



(
)

bh
3 h t 15 : 11,5
2t
31
N 1993-1-1-2009

5.2

, /

1 d t 50 2

2 d t 70 2

d t 90 2
3
d t 90
2
. EN 1993-1-6

fy 235 275 355 420 460

235 fy 1,00 0,92 0,81 0,75 0,71

1,00 0,85 0,66 0,56 0,51

6
6.1
(1) , 2.4.3,
M :
M0;
M1;
,
M2;
. EN 1993-1-8.
1 . 2 6 EN 1993. ,
2 6 EN 1993, Mi
; Mi EN 1993-2.
2 Mi
. :
M0 = 1,00;
M1 = 1,00;
M2 = 1,25.

6.2
6.2.1
(1)
,
,
.
(2)
EN 1993-1-5.
EN 1993-1-5.
(3) .

32
N 1993-1-1-2009

(4)
,
4.
(5) ,
, ,
. 6.2.8 6.2.10:
2 2 2
x ,Ed z,Ed x ,Ed z,Ed
3 Ed 1, (6.1)
fy M 0 fy M 0 fy M 0 fy M 0 fy M 0
x,Ed , ,
;
z,Ed , ,
;
Ed .
(5) ,
, .
, ,
NRd, MRd VRd.
(6)
,
.
.
(7)
/ .
1, 2 3, NEd, My,Ed Mz,Ed,
:

NEd M y ,Ed M z,Ed


1, (6.2)
NRd M y ,Rd M z,Rd

NRd, My,Rd Mz,Rd ,


,
, . 6.2.8.
4 . 6.2.9.3(2).
(8) 1 2, ,

.
(9) 3,
.
.

. . EN 1993-1-9.
(10) ,
3
.
6.2.2
6.2.2.1
(1) .
,
. .
6.2.2.2
(1)
.

33
N 1993-1-1-2009

(2)
.
.
(3)
,
(. 2 6.1).
.
(4)
:
) , (3);

) t nd s ,
2
(6.3)
0
4p

s ,
, , ;
p , ,
;
t ;
n ,
, , 6.1;
d0 .

6.1 , ,
1 2

(5) , -
, p ( 6.2).

6.2

34
N 1993-1-1-2009

6.2.2.3
(1) EN 1993-1-5.
(2) 4
EN 1993-1-5.
. EN 1993-1-3.
6.2.2.4 3 1 2
(1) 3 1 2 2
, . 5.5.2(11),

20tw 20tw,
,
6.3.

1 ; 2 ;
3 ; 4

6.3 2

6.2.2.5 4
(1) 4
.
(2) . 1.1.2(1) EN 1993-1-3.
(3) EN 1993-1-5.
(4) 4 ,
eN Aeff
,
eN, , EN 1993-1-5:
MEd NEd eN . (6.4)

,
. 6.2.9.3(2).
(5) 4 . EN 1993-1-6.
6.2.3 -
(1) NEd -

NEd
1,0. (6.5)
Nt ,Rd

35
N 1993-1-1-2009

(2)
Nt,Rd :
)
Afy
N pl ,Rd ; (6.6)
M0

)

0,9 Anet fu . (6.7)
Nu,Rd
M2

(3) , . EN 1998,
Npl,Rd ( 6.2.3(2)))
Nu,Rd
( 6.2.3(2))).
(4) C (. EN 1993-1-8, 3.4.2(1)),
Nt,Rd 6.2.3(1)
Nnet,Rd,

Anet fy
Nnet,Rd . (6.8)
M0
(5) . EN 1993-1-8, 3.6.3.
, .
6.2.4 -
(1) NEd

NEd
1,0. (6.9)
Nc ,Rd
(2)
Nc,Rd :

Afy
Nc ,Rd 1, 2 3; (6.10)
M0
Aeff fu
Nc ,Rd 4. (6.11)
M0
(3) , ,
EN 1090, , .
(4) 4 MEd,
6.2.2.5(4), , 6.2.9.3.
6.2.5
(1) MEd -

MEd
1,0 , (6.12)
Mc ,Rd
Mc,Rd , . (4) (6).

36
N 1993-1-1-2009

(2)
:

Wpl fy
Mc ,Rd M pl ,Rd 1 2; (6.13)
M0

Wel ,minfy
Mc ,Rd Mel ,Rd 3; (6.14)
M0

Weff,minfy
Mc ,Rd 4, (6.15)
M0
Wel,min Weff,min .
(3) , 6.2.9.
(4) ,

A f ,net 0,9fu A f fy
, (6.16)
M2 M0
Af .
(4) (. 1.5.8)
.
(5) , ,
(4), ,
.
(6) ,
, , ,
.
6.2.6 ,
(1) VEd

VEd
1,0 , (6.17)
Vc ,Rd
Vc,Rd .
Vc,Rd
Vpl,Rd,
(2). Vc,Rd
, (4) (5).
(2)

Vpl ,Rd
A v fy 3 , (6.18)
M0
Av .
(3) Av :
) ,

A 2btf tw 2r tf , hw tw ;
) ,

A 2btf tw r tf ;
37
N 1993-1-1-2009

) ,
0,9 A btf ;

) ,
hw tw ;
) ,
A hw tw ;

) :

Ah b h ;


Ab b h ;

)
2A ,
A ;
b ;
h ;
hw ;
r ;
tf ;
tw . ( , tw
);
. EN 1993-1-5.
1,0.
(4) Vc,Rd
,
5 EN 1993-1-5:
Ed
1,0 , (6.19)
fy 3 M 0
Ed
VEd S
Ed , (6.20)
It
VEd ;
S ;
I ;
t .
(4) ,
, , . (5).
, Vc,Rd
(6.17).
(5)
VEd
Ed , A f A w 0,6 , (6.21)
Aw
Af ;
Aw : Aw hw tw .

38
N 1993-1-1-2009

(6) ,
, , 5 EN 1993-1-5,

hw
72 , (6.22)
tw
. 5 EN 1993-1-5.
1,0.
(7) ,
, EN 1993-1-8.
(8)
Vpl,Rd 6.2.7(9).
6.2.7 ,
(1) , ,
, TEd

TEd
1,0 , (6.23)
TRd
TRd .
(2) TEd
:

TEd Tt ,Ed Tw ,Ed , (6.24)

Tt,Ed -;
Tw,Ed .
(3) Tt,Ed Tw,Ed TEd
, ,
.
(4) , :
t,Ed, - Tt,Ed;
w,Ed, BEd, w,Ed,
Tw,Ed.
(5) 6.2.1(5).
(6) -
, , BEd,
, . (3).
(7) ,
. , ,
- .
(8) TRd

, EN 1993-1-5.
(9)
Vpl,Rd
Vpl,T,Rd,

VEd
1,0 , (6.25)
Vpl ,T ,Rd
Vpl,T,Rd :

39
N 1993-1-1-2009

t ,Ed
Vpl ,T ,Rd 1 Vpl ,Rd ; (6.26)

1,25 fy
3 M0



t ,Ed w ,Ed V ; (6.27)
Vpl,T ,Rd 1

1,25 f
y 3 M0 f y 3 M0

pl,Rd


t ,Ed
Vpl ,T ,Rd 1 V , (6.28)


fy 3 M 0
pl ,Rd

Vpl,Rd 6.2.6.
6.2.8 ,
(1)
.
(2) ,
, ,
, . EN 1993-1-5.
(3)
,

1 fy , (6.29)
2
2VEd
1 Vpl,Rd 6.2.6(2).
V
pl ,Rd
. 6.2.10(3).
2

(4) 2VEd 1 , . 6.2.7,
V
pl ,T ,Rd
VEd 0,5Vpl ,T ,Rd .
(5)
,
,
A2w
W
pl ,y f
4tw y
M y ,V ,Rd , M y ,V ,Rd M y ,c ,Rd , (6.30)
M0
My,c,Rd 6.2.5(2);
Aw hw tw .
(6) ,
7 EN 1993-1-5.
6.2.9 ,
6.2.9.1 1 2
(1)
.
(2) 1 2 :

MEd MN ,Rd , (6.31)

MN,Rd ,
NEd.
40
N 1993-1-1-2009

(3) MN,Rd

MN ,Rd M pl ,Rd 1 NEd N pl ,Rd .


2
(6.32)

(4)
y y
, :
NEd 0,25Npl ,Rd (6.33)

0,5hw tw fy
NEd . (6.34)
M0

z z ,
:

hw tw fy
NEd . (6.35)
M0
(5) , ,
:

M N ,y ,Rd M pl ,y ,Rd 1 n 1 0,5a MN ,y ,Rd M pl ,y ,Rd , (6.36)

n a: MN ,z,Rd M pl ,z,Rd ; (6.37)

n a 2

n a : MN ,z,Rd M pl ,z,Rd 1 , (6.38)

1 a

n NEd N pl ,Rd ;

a A 2btf A , a 0,5.
, ,

:

M N ,y ,Rd M pl ,y ,Rd 1 n 1 0,5aw MN ,y ,Rd M pl ,y ,Rd (6.39)

M N ,z,Rd M pl ,z,Rd 1 n 1 0,5af MN ,z,Rd M pl ,z,Rd , (6.40)


aw A 2bt A , aw 0,5 ;

aw A 2btf A , aw 0,5 ;

af A 2ht A , af 0,5 ;

af A 2htw A , af 0,5 .

(6) :

M y ,Ed M z,Ed
1, (6.41)
MN ,y ,Rd M N ,z ,Rd
, , :
- : = 2; = 5n 1;
: = 2; = 2;

41
N 1993-1-1-2009

: 1,66 = 6,
1 1,13n 2
n NEd Npl ,Rd .

6.2.9.2 3
(1) , 3

fy
x ,Ed , (6.42)
M0
x,Ed
, . 6.2.3, 6.2.4 6.2.5.
6.2.9.3 4
(1) , x,Ed
4, (. 5.5.2(2)),

f
x ,Ed y , (6.43)
M0
x,Ed
, . 6.2.3, 6.2.4 6.2.5.
(2)

NEd M NEd eN ,y M N e
y ,Ed z,Ed Ed N ,z 1, (6.44)
Aeff fy M 0 Weff,y ,minfy M 0 Weff,z,minfy M 0

Aeff ;
Weff,min (
) -
;
eN Aeff
, ,
. 6.2.2.5(4).
NEd, My,Ed, Mz,Ed Mi = NEdeN,i
.
6.2.10 , ,
(1)
.
(2) VEd 50 %
Vpl,Rd, ,
6.2.9, ,
, ,
, . EN 1993-1-5.
(3) VEd 50 % Vpl,Rd,

1 fy , (6.45)

2
2VEd
1 Vpl,Rd 6.2.6(2).
V
pl ,Rd
-
.
42
N 1993-1-1-2009

6.3
6.3.1 -
6.3.1.1
(1) :
NEd
1,0 , (6.46)
Nb,Rd
NEd ;
Nb,Rd .
(2) 4
MEd, , .
6.2.2.5(4), 6.3.4 6.3.3.
(3)
:

Afy
Nb,Rd 1, 2 3; (6.47)
M1
Aeff fy
Nb,Rd 4, (6.48)
M1
.


5.3.4(2). MEd . 6.3.4.
(4) A Aeff .
6.3.1.2
(1)

1
1,0 , (6.49)
2 2

0,5 1
0,2 2
;

Afy
1, 2 3;
Ncr
Aeff fy
4,
Ncr
, ;
Ncr
, .
(2) , ,
6.1 6.2.
6.1 ,

a0 a b c d

0,13 0,21 0,34 0,49 0,76

43
N 1993-1-1-2009

6.2




S 235
S 275
S 460
S 355
S 420

tf 40 yy a a0

h/b > 1,2


zz b a0

40 < tf 100 yy b a
zz c a

tf 100 yy b a

h/b 1,2
zz c a
tf > 100 yy d
zz d

tf 40 yy b b

zz c c

tf > 40 yy c c
zz d d

a a0

c c

( b b

) (
)

c c
:
a > 0,5tf
b/tf < 30
h/tw < 30
c c
,

b b

44
N 1993-1-1-2009

(3)
6.4.
(4) 0,2 NEd 0,04
Ncr
.


6.4

6.3.1.3
(1) :

Afy Lcr 1
1, 2 3; (6.50)
Ncr i 1

Aeff
Aeff fy Lcr
A 4, (6.51)
Ncr i 1
Lcr ;
i ;
E
1 93,9 ,
fy

235 , (f /2).
y
fy

B
. BB.
(2)
6.2.
6.3.1.4 -
(1) ,
-
.

45
N 1993-1-1-2009

(2) T -

Afy
T 1, 2 3, (6.52)
Ncr
Aeff fy
T 4, (6.53)
Ncr
Ncr = Ncr,TF Ncr < Ncr,T;
Ncr,TF -
;
Ncr,T .
(3) -
6.2, z.
6.3.2
6.3.2.1
(1) ,
,
MEd
1,0 , (6.54)
Mb,Rd

MEd ;
Mb,Rd
.
(2)
. , ,
,
, .
(3) ,
,
fy
Mb,Rd LT Wy , (6.55)
M1
Wy , :
) Wy = Wpl,y 1 2;
b) Wy = Wel,y 3;
c) Wy = Weff,y 4;
LT .
1
5.3.4(3).
. 6.3.4.
2B . -
BB.
(4) Wy .
6.3.2.2 .
(1) , . 6.3.2.3,
LT LT
1
LT , LT 1,0 , (6.56)
LT LT 2 LT2


LT 0,5 1 LT LT 0,2 LT2 ;

46
N 1993-1-1-2009

LT , ;

W y fy
LT ,
Mcr
Mcr .
(2) Mcr
,
.
LT, ,
. LT 6.3.

6.3 , ,

a b c d

LT 0,21 0,34 0,49 0,76

6.4.

6.4
(6.56)

h/b 2 a
h/b > 2 b
h/b 2 c
h/b > 2 d
d

(3) LT LT
6.4.
(4) LT LT ,0 (. 6.3.2.3) MEd 2 (. 6.3.2.3)
LT ,0
Mcr
.
6.3.2.3

(1) LT -

LT 1,0
LT
1 ,
1 (6.57)
LT LT LT2 LT 2 ,
2

LT


LT 0,5 1 LT LT LT ,0 LT2 .

LT ,0 ,
h/b, .
:
LT = 0,4 ( );
= 0,75 ( ).
6.5.

47
N 1993-1-1-2009

6.5
(6.57)

h/b 2 b
h/b > 2 c

h/b 2 c
h/b > 2 d

(2)
, LT :
LT
LT ,mod , LT ,mod 1. (6.58)
f
f .
:

f 1 0,5 1 kc 1 2,0 LT 0,8 , f 1,0 ,


2


kc , 6.6.

6.6 kc

kc

1,0

1
1,33 0,33

0,94

0,90

0,91

0,86

0,77

0,82

48
N 1993-1-1-2009

6.3.2.4
(1)
, Lc
f
kc Lc M
f c ,0 c ,Rd , (6.59)
i f ,z 1 M y ,Ed
My,Ed
y y;
kc 6.6;
if,z , 1/3
,
;
c ,0 ,
;
fy
Mc ,Rd Wy ,
M1
Wy , ;
E
1 93,9 ,
fy
235 (f /2).
, y
fy

1 4 if,z

Ieff,f ,
i f ,z
1
Aeff,f Aeff,w ,c
3
Ieff,f ;
Aeff,f ;
Aeff,w,c .
2 c ,0

. c ,0 LT ,0 0,1 , . 6.3.2.3.

(2) f , (1)B,

Mb,Rd kfl Mc ,Rd , Mb,Rd Mc ,Rd , (6.60)

, f ;
kfl ,
.
.
kfl = 1,10.
(3) (2)B :
h
d , : 44 ;
tf
c ,
h ;
tf .

. BB.3 ( BB).
49
N 1993-1-1-2009

6.3.3 - ( )
(1)
, 5.3.2,
, ,
, :
, ,
, ;
, ,
.
(2) ,
, 6.2.
1 - ( )

.
2 , (1) (2), . 6.3.4.
(3)
, .
(P--) , ,
, , . 5.2.2(3))
5.2.2(8).
(4) - (-) :

NEd M M y ,Ed M M z,Ed (6.61)


k yy y ,Ed k yz z,Ed 1,
y NRk M y ,Rk M z,Rk
LT
M1 M1 M1

NEd M M y ,Ed M M z,Ed


k zy y ,Ed k zz z,Ed 1, (6.62)
z NRk M y ,Rk M z,Rk
LT
M1 M1 M1
NEd, My,Ed, Mz,Ed
y y z z ;
My,Ed, Mz,Ed y y z z
6.2.9.3 4, 6.7;
y z , . 6.3.1;
LT
, . 6.3.2;
kyy, kyz, kzy, kzz .
6.7 NRk = fyAi, Mi,Rk = fyWi Mi,Ed



1 2 3 4

Ai A A A Aeff
Wy Wpl,y Wpl,y Wel,y Weff,y
Wz Wpl,z Wpl,z Wel,z Weff,z

My,Ed 0 0 0 eN,y NEd

Mz,Ed 0 0 0 eN,z NEd

, , LT = 1,0.
(5) kyy, kyz, kzy, kzz .

50
N 1993-1-1-2009

1 kyy, kyz, kzy, kzz


. A (
1) B ( 2).
2 1 2
.
3 .
6.3.4

(1) , , 6.3.1,
6.3.2 6.3.3.
:
, ,
,
, ,
/ .
.
(2) ,
(1),
opult,k
1,0 , (6.63)
M1
ult,k

,
,
, , ,
,
;
op op , . (3),
.
(3) op

ult,k , (6.64)
op
cr,op

ult,k (2);
cr,op

,
( ).
cr,op ult,k .
(4) op :
) :
6.3.1;
LT 6.3.2,
op .
, ult,k, ,
1 NEd M y ,Ed
, op :
ult,k NRk M y ,Rk
NEd M y ,Ed
op ; (6.65)
NRk M 1 M y ,Rk M 1

51
N 1993-1-1-2009

) , LT, a)
ult,k,
.
, ult,k, ,

1 NEd M y ,Ed , :
LT
ult,k NRk M y ,Rk
NEd M y ,Ed
1. (6.66)
NRk M 1 LT M y ,Rk M 1
6.3.5
6.3.5.1
(1)
:
) ,
( 1 2), . 6.3.5.2;
)
, . 6.3.5.3.
(2)
, .
6.3.5.2
(1)B

,
.
(2)B :
,
, .
,
, 6.5;
,
, ,
(,
, 6.6). (
)
(, ,
, ).

6.5

6.6
52
N 1993-1-1-2009

(3)B , , (, )
(, )
(, ) ,
2,5 % Nf,Ed ( 6.3.5.2(5)B), ,
, - .
(4)B
, h/2 , h
.
(5)B , . 5.3.3, (
5.3.3),
Qm,
, :
Nf ,Ed
Qm 1,5 m , (6.67)
100
Nf,Ed
;
m 5.3.3(1).
. 5.3.3(5).
6.3.5.3
(1)B ,
.
h
, 40 ,
tf
,

Lstable 35 i z 0,625 1,
(6.68)
Lstable 60 40 i z 1 0,625 ,

235
;
fy
MEd ,min
.
M pl ,Rd
B . BB.3 ( BB).
(2)B
, ,
, :

h/2 , ;
.
B . BB.3 ( BB).

6.4
6.4.1
(1)
, 6.7:
L
1) , e0 ;
500

53
N 1993-1-1-2009

2)
Sv ,
. 6.7.
.

6.7

(2) :
1)
;
2) .
.
(3)
, 6.8.

54
N 1993-1-1-2009

6.8 Lch
(4) ,
y y.
(5) Nch,Ed NEd
MEd .
(6) Nch,Ed

MEd h0 Ach
Nch,Ed 0,5NEd , (6.69)
2Ieff
NEd , ;
h0 ;
Ach ;
Ieff , . 6.4.2 6.4.3;
MEd
:

NEd e0 MEd
MEd
N N
1 Ed Ed
Ncr Sv
,
MEd
;
Sv , . 6.4.2
6.4.3;
2EIeff
Ncr .
L2
7)
,
MEd
VEd . (6.70)
L
6.4.2
55
N 1993-1-1-2009

6.4.2.1
(1) , , .
.
(2)
Nch,Ed
1,0 , (6.71)
Nb,Rd
Nch,Ed , 6.4.1(6);
Nb,Rd
Lch 6.8.
(3) Sv 6.9.
(4)

Ieff 0,5h02 Ach . (6.72)

6.4.2.2
(1)
6.10), ,
.
(2)
, 6.10),
.
(3) ,
.

2 2
nEAd ah02
nEAd ah nEAd ah
Sv 0 0 A h3
2d 3 d3 d 3 1 d 03
AV d

n ;
Ad AV .

6.9

a) )
() ( )

56
N 1993-1-1-2009


A B A B

6.10

6.4.3
6.4.3.1
(1) , ,
6.11.
, Nch,Ed
VEd.

6.11

57
N 1993-1-1-2009

(2) Sv

24EIch 2 2EIch (6.73)


Sv ,
2I h a2
a 1 ch 0
2

nIb a
Ib ;
n .
(3)

Ieff 0,5h02 Ach 2Ich , (6.74)

Ich ;
6.8.
6.8

150 0

75 < < 150 2
75
75 1,0

L I1
; i0 ; I1 0,5h02 Ach 2Ich .
i0 2Ach

58
N 1993-1-1-2009

6.4.3.2
(1) .
(2) ,
.
(3) ,
.
6.4.4
(1)
, , 6.12, ,
, 6.13,
, (Sv = ), 6.9.

6.12

6.13 ,

6.9

, 6.12, 15imin

, 6.13, 70imin

imin .

* .

(2) , , 6.4.3.1(1).
(3) , . 6.13,
y y ,
i0 , (6.75)
iy
1,15
i0 .

59
N 1993-1-1-2009

7
7.1
(1)
.
(2)
3.4 EN 1990.
(3) ,
.
(4) ,
.
7.2
7.2.1
(1) EN 1990, A.1.4 ( A), ,
EN 1990, A.1.1 ( A),
.
B
.
7.2.2
(1) EN 1990, A.1.4 ( A),
, EN 1990, A.1.2 ( ),
.
B .
7.2.3
(1) EN 1990, A.1.4.4 ( A), ,
, .

.
B
.

60
N 1993-1-1-2009

A
()

1: kij
6.3.3(4)

A.1 kij (6.3.3(4))




3, 4 1, 2

y y 1
Cm,y Cm,LT Cm,yCm,LT
kyy N NEd Cyy
1 Ed 1
Ncr ,y Ncr ,y

y y 1 wz
Cm,z Cm,z 0,6
kyz N NEd Cyz wy
1 Ed 1
Ncr ,z Ncr ,z

z z 1 wy
Cm,y Cm,LT Cm,y Cm,LT 0,6
kzy N NEd Czy wz
1 Ed 1
Ncr ,y Ncr ,y

z z 1
Cm , z Cm,z
kzz N NEd Czz
1 Ed 1
Ncr,z Ncr,z

NEd 1,6 2 1,6 2 2 W


1 Cyy 1 (w y 1) 2 Cm,y max Cm,y max npl bLT el ,y ,
y
Ncr,y wy wy
Wpl ,y
N
1 y Ed b 0,5a 2
M y,Ed M z,Ed ;
Ncr,y LT LT 0
LT M pl ,y,Rd M pl ,z,Rd
NEd
1 C2 2 w z Wel ,z ,
Ncr,z Cyz 1 (w z 1) 2 14 m,z 5max npl cLT 0,6
z wz w y Wpl ,z
N
1 z Ed 2 M y,Ed
Ncr,z c 10aLT 0 4 ;
5 z Cm,y LT M pl ,y,Rd
LT

Wpl ,y
wy 1,5 C2 2 w y Wel ,y
Wel ,y Czy 1 (w y 1) 2 14 m,y 5max npl dLT 0,6 ,
wy w z Wpl ,y
Wpl ,z
wz 1,5 0 M y,Ed M z,Ed
Wel ,z dLT 2aLT ;
0,1 4
z Cm,y LT M pl ,y,Rd Cm,z M pl ,z,Rd
NEd
npl 1,5 1,6 2 1, 6 2 2 W
NRk M 1 Czz 1 (w z 1) 2 Cm,z max Cm,z max npl eLT el ,z ,
wz wz Wpl ,z
Cm,,y . A.2
IT 0 M y,Ed
aLT 1 0 eLT 1,7aLT ;
Iy 0,1 z
4
Cm,y LT M pl ,y,Rd

61
N 1993-1-1-2009

.1

y ;
max max
z
0
, . . y = 1,0 A.2;
LT .

0,2 C 4 1 NEd : Cm,y Cm,y,0 ,
0 1 N
cr,TF
Cm,z Cm,z,0 ,
Cm,LT 1,0 ;

y aLT
0,2 C 4 1 NEd : Cm,y Cm,y ,0 (1 Cm,y ,0 ) ,
0 1 N 1 y aLT
cr,TF
Cm,z Cm,z,0 ,
aLT .
Cm,LT Cm2 ,y 1
NEd NEd
1 1
Ncr,z Ncr,T
M y,Ed A
y 1, 2 3;
NEd Wel ,y
M y, Ed Aeff
y 4,
NEd Weff, y
Ncr,y y y -
;
Ncr,z z z -
;
Ncr,T ;
IT ( -
);
Iy y y.

A.2 Cm,i,0

Cm,i,0

NEd
Cm,i ,0 0,79 0,21 i 0,36 ( i 0,33)
Ncr ,i

2EIi x NEd
Cm,i ,0 1 ( 1) ,
L Mi ,Ed x
2
Ncr,i

Mi,Ed (x) My,Ed Mz,Ed;


|x|
NEd
Cm,i,0 1 0,18
Ncr ,i
NEd
Cm,i,0 1 0,03
Ncr,i

62
N 1993-1-1-2009

B
()

2: kij
6.3.3(4)

B.1 kij ,

3, 4 1, 2

kyy NEd NEd


Cm,y 1 0,6y Cm,y 1 y 0,2
y NRk M 1 y NRk M 1

NEd NEd
Cm,y 1 0,6 Cm,y 1 0,8
y NRk M 1 y NRk M 1

kyz kzz 0,6kzz




kzy 0,8kyy 0,6kyy


kzz NEd
Cm,z 1 2z 0,6
z NRk M 1
NEd
NEd Cm,z 1 1,4
Cm,z 1 0,6z z NRk M 1
z NRk M 1

NEd
Cm,z 1 0,6 NEd
z NRk M 1 Cm,z 1 z 0,2
z NRk M 1
NEd
Cm,z 1 0,8
z NRk M 1

,
My,Ed, kzy .

B.2 kij ,


3, 4 1, 2

kyy kyy B.1 kyy B.1

kyz kyz B.1 kyz B.1

63
N 1993-1-1-2009

B.2


3, 4 1, 2

kzy
0,05z NEd 0,1z NEd
1 1
Cm,LT 0,25 z NRk M 1 Cm,LT 0,25 z NRk M 1
0,05 NEd 0,1 NEd
1 1
Cm,LT 0,25 z NRk M 1 Cm,LT 0,25 z NRk M 1

z 0,4:
0,1z NEd
k zy 0,6 z 1
m,LT
C 0,25 z Rk M1
N

kzz kzz B.1 kzz B.1

B.3 Cm

Cm,y, Cm,z Cm,LT




1 1 0,6 + 0,4 0,4

0 s 1 1 1 0,2 + 0,8s 0,4 0,2 + 0,8s 0,4

01 0,1 0,8s 0,4 0,8s 0,4


1 s < 0
1 < 0 0,1 (1 ) 0,8s 0,4 0,2() 0,8s 0,4

0 h 1 1 1 0,95 + 0,05h 0,90 + 0,10h

01 0,95 + 0,05h 0,90 + 0,10h


1 h < 0
1 < 0 0,95 + 0,05h (1 + 2) 0,90 0,10h (1 + 2)

, , Cm
Cm,y = 0,9 Cm,z = 0,9.
Cm,y, Cm,z Cm,LT
:
Cm
Cm,y yy zz
Cm,z zz yy
Cm,LT yy y y.

64
N 1993-1-1-2009

AB
()

AB.1
(1)B
.
(2)B
.
AB.2
(1) ,
, :
) (GGk) ,
(QQk) ;
) (GGk) ,
(QQk) .
1 a) , ) .
2 N 1990.

65
N 1993-1-1-2009

BB
()

BB.1

BB.1.1
(1)B Lcr
L, . BB.1.3(1)B, -
.
(2)B Lcr 0,9L
1,0L , .
(3)B
, ,
, , ,
( , ).
(4)B Lcr
0,9L, , . BB.1.2.
BB.1.2
(1)B ,
(
,
),
. eff
:

eff ,v 0,35 0,7v v v;

eff,y 0,50 0,7y y y; (BB.1)

eff,z 0,50 0,7z y y,

6.3.1.2.
(2)B ,
6.2.9, Lcr
L.
BB.1.3
(1) Lcr 0,9L
, , L
. .
,
.
(2) Lcr
1,0L , .
(3) ,
< 0,6, Lcr
,
, 0,75L ,
, .
.

66
N 1993-1-1-2009

BB.2
BB.2.1
(1)B ( ) EN 1993-1-3
(BB.2),
.

2 2 70
S EIw 2 GIt EIz 2 0,25h 2 2 , (BB.2)
L L h
S ( ),
,
;
Iw ;
It ;
Iz
;
L ;
h .
,
0,20S.
(BB.2)
, ,
, , .
BB.2.2
(1)B ,
M p2l ,k
C ,k K K , (BB.3)
EIz
C ,k ( ),
(, ) ;
K = 0,35 ;
K = 1,00 ;
K , , BB.1,
;
Mpl,k .

BB.1 K ,

1 4,0 0

2 0,12

3,5

2 0,23

3 2,8 0

67
N 1993-1-1-2009

BB.1

4 1,6 1,0

5 1,0 0,7

(2)B , ,

1 1 1 1
, (BB.4)
C ,k C ,R,k C ,C ,k C ,D,k

C ,R,k ( ),
, ;
C ,C,k ( )
;
C ,D,k ( ),
, ;

(, ), C ,D,k = .
. EN 1993-1-3.

BB.3
BB.3.1
BB.3.1.1
(1)B , L
,
, Lm:

38i z (BB.5)
Lm 2
,
1 NEd 1 W 2
fy
756C 2 pl ,y

57,4 A 1
AI
t 235
NEd , ;
A , 2;
Wpl,y ;
It ;
fy , /2;
C1 ,
, ,
6.3.5, :
, ;
;
,
Ls, BB.1, BB.2 BB3.
Ls > Lm.

68
N 1993-1-1-2009

1 ; 2 (. BB.3.1.1);
3 (. 6.3); 4 ; 5 ;
6 ; 7 ;
8 , Ls
(. BB.3.1.2, (BB.7) (BB.8));
9 (. 6.3)
LT Ncr Mcr

BB.1

69
N 1993-1-1-2009

1 ; 2 (. 6.3);
3 ( BB.3.2.1) (. 6.3.5.3(2)B);
4 ( BB.3.1.1);
5 (. 6.3); 6 ; 7 ;
8 ; 9 ;
10 (. BB.3.2) (. 6.3.5.3(2)B);
11 (. BB.3.1.2); 12 (. 6.3)
LT Ncr Mcr

BB.2

70
N 1993-1-1-2009

1 ; 2 (. 6.3);
3 (. BB.3.2.1);
4 (. BB.3.1.1);
5 (. 6.3); 6 ; 7 ;
8 ; 9 ;
10 (. BB.3.2);
11 (. BB.3.1.2); 12 (. 6.3)
LT Ncr Mcr

BB.3

BB.3.1.2
(1)B ,
, , L
Lk :
6.3.5;
,
,
Lm, . BB.3.1.1,
600fy h
5,4 i
E tf z (BB.6)
Lk .
2
f h
5,4 y 1
E tf
(2)B ,
, , L
Ls
:
6.3.5;
,
,
Lm, . BB.3.1.1,

71
N 1993-1-1-2009

M pl ,y ,Rk
Ls Cm Lk , (BB.7)
M
N ,y ,Rk aNEd
Cm , . BB.3.3.1;
a
;
Mpl,y,Rk
y y;
MN,y,Rk
y y, -
NEd.
(3)B ,
, , L
Ls
:
6.3.5;
,
,
Lm, . BB.3.1.1,

Ls Cn Lk , (BB.8)

Cn , . BB.3.3.2,
. BB.1, BB.2 BB.3.
BB.3.2 ,

BB.3.2.1
(1)B , L

Lm:
(. BB.2)

38i z
Lm 2
; (BB.9)
1 NEd 1 Wp2l ,y fy

57,4 A 756C12 AIt 235
(. BB.3)

38i z
Lm 0,85 2
, (BB.10)
1 NEd 1 Wp2l ,y fy

57,4 A 756C12 AIt 235
NEd , ;
2
W pl ,y
;
AIt
Wp2l ,y
A ,
AIt
, 2;
Wpl,y ;
It ;
fy , /2;

72
N 1993-1-1-2009

iz ,
6.3.5 :
, ,
,
,
Ls.
BB.3.2.2
(1)
, L ,
,
Ls :
6.3.5;
,
,
Lm, . BB.3.2.1:
(. BB.2):

Cn Lk
Ls ; (BB.11)
c
(. BB.3):

Cn Lk
Ls 0,85 , (BB.12)
c
Lk , ,
, . BB.3.1.2;
Cn . BB.3.3.2;
c , BB.3.3.3.
BB.3.3 ,

BB.3.3.1
(1)B Cm
1 , (BB.13)
Cm
B0 B1t B2 t2

1 10
B0 ;
1 20
5 ;
B1
10
0,5 0,5
B2 ,
1 1 20

Ncr,E ;
Ncr,T
2EIz ;
Ncr,E
L2t
2EIz a 2 2EIw
1
Ncr,T GIt
i s2
Lt
2 2
Lt

,
Lt

;
Lt ;

73
N 1993-1-1-2009

i s2 i y2 i z2 a 2 ,
a
,
;
t
. ,
, . t 1,0 , t
1,0, BB.4.

100 200
t 0,5 t 2
200 100
t 1,0 , t 1,0

BB.4 t

BB.3.3.2
(1)B Cn
12 , (BB.14)
Cn
R1 3R2 4R3 3R4 R5 2 RS RE

R1, , R5 R (2)B , ,
BB.5, R.
(RS RE), :
RE R1 R5;
RS R Ly.

BB.5
74
N 1993-1-1-2009

(2)B R

M y ,Ed aNEd
R , (BB.15)
fyWpl ,y
a
, .
BB.3.3.3
(1) , h 1,2b
h/tf 20, c :
, BB.6)
23
3 h
c 1 max 1 , (BB.16)
h hmin
9
tf
hmax Ly, . BB.6;
hmin Ly, . BB.6;
, BB.6) BB.6)
23
3 h Lh
c 1 h , (BB.17)
h hs Ly
9
tf
hh , . BB.6;
hs , . BB.6;
Lh Ly, . BB.6;
Ly .
(h/tf) .

a) ) )

BB.6 ,

75
N 1993-1-1-2009

.
()

,
, ,

..1

EN 1990 . IDT E 1990-2007 .



EN 1991 1. IDT EN 1991 1.

EN 1993-1-3:2004 3. IDT EN 1993-1-3-2009 3. -
. .
1-3. . 1-3. .


76
N 1993-1-1-2009


N 1993-1-1-2009
3

1-1.

National Annex
to CP N 1993-1-1-2009
Eurocode 3
Design of steel structures
Part 1-1. General rules and rules for buildings


Preface

(1)
EN 1993-1-1-2009.
This National Annex is intended to be used in conjunction with technical code founded on practical
experience TCP EN 1993-1-1-2009.
(2)
EN 1993-1-1, :
2.3.1(1);
3.1(2);
3.2.1(1);
3.2.2(1);
3.2.3(1);
3.2.3(3)B;
3.2.4(1);
5.2.1(3);
5.2.2(8);
5.3.2(3);
5.3.2(11);
5.3.4(3);
6.1(1);
6.1(1);
6.3.2.2(2);
6.3.2.3(1);
6.3.2.3(2);
6.3.2.4(1)B;
6.3.2.4(2)B;
6.3.3(5);
6.3.4(1);
7.2.1(1)B;
7.2.2(1)B;
7.2.3(1)B;
BB.1.3(3)B.
This National Annex gives values and recommendations for the following clauses of EN 1993-1-1 where
national choice is allowed:
2.3.1(1);
3.1(2);
3.2.1(1);

77
N 1993-1-1-2009

3.2.2(1);
3.2.3(1);
3.2.3(3)B;
3.2.4(1);
5.2.1(3);
5.2.2(8);
5.3.2(3);
5.3.2(11);
5.3.4(3);
6.1(1);
6.1(1);
6.3.2.2(2);
6.3.2.3(1);
6.3.2.3(2);
6.3.2.4(1)B;
6.3.2.4(2)B;
6.3.3(5);
6.3.4(1);
7.2.1(1)B;
7.2.2(1)B;
7.2.3(1)B;
BB.1.3(3)B.

Normative references

(
):
2.04.02-2000
8731-74 .
10705-80 .
10706-76 .
27751-88 .
27772 .
28870-90 .
.
This National Annex contains references to the following technical normative legal acts (TNLA):
SNB 2.04.02-2000 Building climatology
GOST 8731-74 Seamless hot-deformed steel pipes. Specifications
GOST 10705-80 Electrically welded steel tubes. Specifications
GOST 10706-76 Electrically welded steel line-weld tubes. Technical requirements
GOST 27751-88 Reliability of constructions and foundations. Principal rules of the calculations
GOST 27772-88 Structural steel structure rolled products. General specifications
GOST 28870-90 Steel. Methods of tensile tests of rolled thick-plates in thickness direction.

78
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,
,

National requirements and Nationally Determined Parameters to be used for the design of buildings and
civil engineering works in steel to be constructed in the Republic of Belarus


EN 1993-1-1
Clause of Nationally Determined Parameters (NDP)
EN 1993-1-1

2.3.1(1)
EN 1991.

1990.
Actions for the design of steel structures should be taken from TCP EN 1991.
For the combination of actions and partial factors of actions should be taken from National
Annex to STB EN 1990
3.1(2) EN 1993-1-1 ,
, .1 .2.
()
.
TCP EN 1993-1-1 covers also the design of steel structures from steel conforming to the
steel grades listed in Tables NA.1 and NA.2.
For selecting steels for members see TNLA for the design of steel structures.
.1 fy
fu , ,

Table NA.1 Nominal values of yield strength fy and ultimate tensile strength fu for
structural steel in tension, compression and bending


*, fy**, /2 fu**, /2
Standard and Nominal thickness of the element*, mm fy**, N/mm2 fu**, N/mm2
steel grade

27772
GOST 27772
235 2t8 235 360
C245 2 t 20 245 370
20 < t 30 235 370
C255 2 t 20 245 370
20 < t 40 235 370
C285 2 t 10 275 390
10 < t 20 265 380
C345 2 t 20 325 470
20 < t 40 305 460
40 < t 60 285 450
60 < t 80 275 440
80 < t 100 265 430
C345 4 t 10 345 470
C375 2 t 20 355 490
20 < t 40 335 480
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EN 1993-1-1
Clause of Nationally Determined Parameters (NDP)
EN 1993-1-1

.1


*, fy**, /2 fu**, /2
Standard and Nominal thickness of the element*, mm fy**, N/mm2 fu**, N/mm2
steel grade

C390 4 t 50 390 540


C440 4 t 30 440 590
30 < t 50 410 570

* .
* The thickness of the element should be taken as the thickness of its flange.
**
.
** The nominal values of yield strength and ultimate tensile strength should be taken as the
guaranteed values.

t 25 ,
, t > 40
28870 .
Note The plate thicknesses t 25 mm for welded elements with tension in the through-
thickness direction and other plate thicknesses t > 40 mm should satisfy the requirements
specified in GOST 28870 and TNLA for the design of steel structures.

.2 fy
fu ,
Table NA.2 Nominal values of yield strength fy and ultimate tensile strength fu for CHS
in tension, compression and bending


, fy*, /2 fu*, /2
Standard and steel grade Nominal thickness of the fy*, N/mm2 fy*, N/mm2
element, mm

10705
GOST 10705
3, 3, 3 t 10 225 370
10706
GOST 10706
34, 34 4 t 15 245 370
8731
GOST 8731
20 4 t 36 245 410

*
, .
* The nominal values of yield strength and ultimate tensile strength should be taken as the
guaranteed values.

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EN 1993-1-1
Clause of Nationally Determined Parameters (NDP)
EN 1993-1-1

3.2.1(1) fy fu
.1 .2.
The nominal values of yield strength fy and ultimate tensile strength fu for structural steel
should be taken from Tables NA.1 and NA.2
3.2.2(1) ,

:
fu/fy > 1,3;
15 %;
u > 15y, y = fy/E.
The limiting values of the ratio fu/fy, the elongation at failure and the ultimate strain y
should satisfy:
fu/fy > 1,3;
elongation at failure not less than 15 %;
u > 15y, where y is the yield strain (y = fy/E)
3.2.3(1)
0,98, 2.04.02.
The lowest service temperature to be adopted in design should be taken as temperature of
air of the coldest day with security 0,98, see SNB 2.04.02-2000
3.2.3(3)B ,
.
Recommended value of the minimum toughness properties for members in compression is
accepted
3.2.4(1)B ZEd 3.2(2) N 1993-1-10
ZEd .3.
The relevant allocation of target values ZEd according to 3.2(2) of EN 1993-1-10 and
required values of ZRd are given in Table NA.3.
.3 28870
Table NA.3 Choice of quality class according to GOST 28870

ZRd,
ZEd EN 1993-1-10
28870
Target value of ZEd according to
Required value of ZRd expressed in terms of relative
EN 1993-1-10
narrowing according to GOST 28870

ZEd 10
10 < ZEd 20 Z 15
20 < ZEd 30 Z 25
ZEd > 30 Z 35

5.2.1(3) cr .
The limits for cr are accepted
5.2.2(8) .
No additional information provided for
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EN 1993-1-1
Clause of Nationally Determined Parameters (NDP)
EN 1993-1-1

5.3.2(3)
5.1.
Design values of initial local bow imperfection should be taken from Table 5.1
5.3.2(11) .
No additional information provided for
5.3.4(3) k.
Recommended value of the factor k is accepted
6.1(1) .
No additional information provided for
6.1(1)B Mi
:
Partial factors Mi for buildings should be taken as follows:
M0 = m / ;
M1 = m /,
m , 1,025 ,
27772 ,
27772, 1,050
;
, .4.
where m is the partial factor taken as 1,025 for steel according to GOST 27772 or
other TNLA with steel properties controlling procedure given in GOST 27772
and taken as 1,050 for other steel;
is the partial factor taken from table NA.4.
M2 = u,
u ,
Ru,
.
where u is the partial factor for member checks using the resistance of cross-
sections Ru determined with ultimate strength for structural steel.

n.
n 27751.
Note The additional partial factor n should also be taken into account. For the numerical
values for partial factor n and the reliability classification see GOST 27751.

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EN 1993-1-1
Clause of Nationally Determined Parameters (NDP)
EN 1993-1-1

.4

1
, , , ,
, . .
, 0,9
2 0,95
3 ( )

(, )
60 0,8
4 b < 1,0 0,95
5 , , 0,9
6 :
) ( )
0,95
) 0,95
) , ,
( )
440 /2,
, 1,05
7 , ,
440 /2,

( ),
1,1
8 ,
440 /2 ,
( ),
, :
) 1,1
) 1,05
9 ,
, 0,75
2
10 285 / ,
, , :
) t 40 1,2
) 40 < t 60 1,15
) 60 < t 80 1,1
1 c < 1
.
2 , . 1
6); 1 7; 1 8; 2 7; 2 8); 3 6) .
3 , . 3; 4; 6), 6); 7; 8
9, . 5 6) ( ),
.
4 , , c = 1.

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EN 1993-1-1
Clause of Nationally Determined Parameters (NDP)
EN 1993-1-1

Table NA.4 Partial factors c for structural components and joints

Partial
Structural components
factors c

1 Solid beams and bracing members in compression in lattice girders in


halls of theatres, clubs, cinemas, under the tribunes, shops, libraries
and archives, etc. where the floor mass is equal or greater than the
effective loading 0,9
2 Columns in civil engineering works 0,95
3 Bracing members (except of bearing members) in compression for
built-up members with closely spaced angels formed T-section of
welded floor girders for the slenderness 60 0,8

4 Solid beams in structural stability checks forb < 1,0 0,95

5 Rolled steel stays, tensioning systems, hangers or suspenders 0,9


6 Latticed floor girders structural components:
a) members in compression (except of circular hollow sections) in
stability checks 0,95
b) welded members in tension 0,95
c) end-plates in tension or compression and bolted end-plate
connections (except of high-strength structural bolting) for steel with
a yield strength lower than 440 N/mm2 under the static loading for
ULS checks 1,05
7 Solid built-up beams, columns or end-plates for steel with a yield
strength lower than 440 N/mm2 with bolted end-plate connection under
the static loading for ULS checks 1,1
8 Rolled or welded sections and end-plates for steel with a yield
strength lower than 440 N/mm2 in bolted splices (except of high-strength
structural bolting) under the static loading for ULS checks:
a) solid beams and columns 1,1
b) latticed floor girders 1,05
9 Compression members with angles connected by one leg except of
uniplanar lattice girders with single angles 0,75
2
10 Base plates with a yield strength lower than 285 N/mm under the
static loading with thickness, mm:
a) t 40 1,2
b) 40 < t 60 1,15
c) 60 < t 80 1,1

Note 1 Only one partial factorc < 1 should be taken into account at a time.
Note 2 Partial factors given in 1 and 6c); 1 and 7; 1 and 8; 2 and 7; 2 and 8a); 3 and 6c)
respectively should both be taken into account at a time.
Note 3 When designing the joints the partial factors given in 3; 4; 6a), 6c); 7; 8 and 9 or 5 6b)
(except of butt welded joints) should not be taken into account.
Note 4 For structural components not covered in this Table c = 1.

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EN 1993-1-1
Clause of Nationally Determined Parameters (NDP)
EN 1993-1-1

6.3.2.2(2) LT 6.3.
Recommended values of the factor LT are accepted according table 6.3.
6.3.2.3(1) LT ,0 .

Recommended values of the parameters LT ,0 and are accepted

6.3.2.3(2) f.
Recommended values of the factor f are accepted
6.3.2.4(1)B c 0 .

Recommended limit value of slenderness c 0 is accepted

6.3.2.4(2)B kfl.
Recommended limit value of the factor kfl is accepted
6.3.3(5) kyy, kyz, kzy, kzz
.
Values of the interaction kyy, kyz, kzy, kzz may be obtained using both of the alternative
methods
6.3.4(1) .
No additional information provided for
7.2.1(1)B
1990.
Limits for vertical deflections should be taken from the National Annex to STB EN 1990
7.2.2(1)B
1990.
Limits for horizontal deflections should be taken from the National Annex to STB EN 1990
7.2.3(1)B .
No additional information provided for
BB.1.3(3)B .
No additional information provided for

85

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