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6.

6.1.
Automatic target acquisition
Automatic suppression of rain and snow clutter
(auto FTC)
Automatic suppression of sea clutter (auto STC)
Gyropilot
Autotracking
Duplexer
Input of gyro value, set gyro
Video Plotter
Display Modes
Operate and use the radar
/ Effect of change in own ship's course / speed
The effect on radar detection of the sea state

Time and distance of closest approach
Time to closest point of approach
Trail time
- Identification of critical echoes
Moving targets are displayed with true (relative) course
() and speed
Moving targets show afterglow trails
. Range.
Range of target
, If own ship is at the centre the bearings of targets can be
read from the bearing scale
Sea returns
Acquisition of target for automatic tracking
Reflection Plotter
Radarscope display
- The orientation of the radar display can be either head-
( ), up, north-up or course-up

Simulation of a course change


, Display unit, display
The display unit requires hardly any maintenance

Displaying the data of tracked target
, Data area
/ Distortions radial, azimutal
Using of the numeric keys
() Correction of the route planning
- True motion (TM)
True course and speed of the target must be
() , determined by plotting
Reference point, target
Klystron
() Cursor, position mark
Correcting the limit line
Range ring
Circular sweep
Cursor
101
Radar decay
False echo-displays
Magnetron
Heading marker
Heading line
() Past position mark (track, history markers)
Fixed target
Detecting course and speed change of other ship
To detect echoes as early as possible
() Limit line fixed

() Limit line relative

Limitation of the guard zones


Ending the automatic target tracking
Ending the trial manoeuvre
Dangerous target
Radar operator
() , () Canceling point, reference point, turn point
,
Relative Motion (RM)
Reflections from the surface
() Guard zone (guard ring)
Own ship data
Target data
Bearing of the target
Data overflow
Target overflow
Suppression of clutter due to rain (FTC)
Suppression of sea clutter (STC)
Acknowledgement and canceling of alarm
Interferences from other radars
Lost target
Transmitter-receiver (transceiver)
The employed range scales are changed at sufficiently
frequent intervals
Trial manoeuvre
Plotting and systematic analysis is commenced in the
ample time
Keyboard
Radar sighting
Radar tracking
() Radar beacon
- Racon
() Radar check point (Radar search)
Positioning the route plan on the radar display
Manual tuning
Manual control
Manual target acquisition
, , Cancel
The lost target alarm
- Automatic radar plotting aids (ARPA)
()
System malfunctions
Collision avoidance system
Afterglow trail
Off-centering
The tracking of all targets is ended
Tracking of the target
Radar confusion device
Closest point of approach
/ Bearing / Range-Ring accuracy
Setting a route with turn points
Setting the guard ring sector
Rejection of interference from other radars
, , A target is on collision course if its bearing is constant
and its range is decreasing
Center of the display

102
Tracker capacity
() RolIbalI
Range scale
- The cathode ray tube (CRT)

6.2.

Alarm area

ACQUIRE AUTO Automatic acquisition ON/OF /
ACQUIRE MANUAL Manual target acquisition
ACQUI REF TARGET Selection of reference target with -
rollball ()
ACQUI TARGET Acquisition of target for auto- -
matic tracking
ANTI CLUTTER SEA Sea clutter suppression ()
ANTI CLUTTER RAIN Rain clutter suppression
AUTO FTC Automatic fast time control
AUTO STC Automatic sensitivity time control
BCR / Bow cross range / Bow cross time /

BRG or BEARING Bearing of the target
BRILL or Brilliance Brilliance adjustment
CANCL ALARM Cancellation of the acoustic alarm
CANCL/MODIF Cancellation of a point on the
route map
CANCL NAV LINE Cancellation of nav.line
CENT Bearing marker is centered on own (
ship )
CENT DISP Center display
CD ON Center display on
CLEAN SWEEP Rejection of interference from -
other radars
CLEAR Erasure of plot mark
CLR Clearing , ,
CONT, END Continue, end ,
COURSE Course of target
CPA Closest point of approach
CRSE STAB The orientation of radar display
with course up and compass stabi-
lised
CRT Cathod ray tube -
CRT BRIL Cathod ray tube brilliance adjust-
ment
DA Data area
DAT Data entry
DELAY Delay of automatic display-reset- -
ting until 0,75 rad 0,75
DISPL DATA Display of the data of a tracked -
target
DRIFT Compensation for own ship's speed
errors due to current and drift
EBL Electronic bearing line
Electronic bearing marker
ENTER/DELETE Construction and deletion of bar-
rier or fairway lines
FIX ABS 8 is fixed relative to the bottom

FIX REL B moves with own ship at constant
distance
FTC Fast Time Control

GAIN Gain

103
HEAD UP The orientation of radar dis play
with Head Up not compass stabi- no
lised
INTF REJCT; IR Rejection of interference from -
other radars. Radar interference
rejection
LIMIT LINE PEL Limitation of the guard zones rel. -
to own ship
LIMIT LINE FIX Limitation of the guard zones with -
respect to the bottom
LOG Transfer of own ship's speed from
log
MANACQUI Manual target acquisition
MAN ACQUI SELECT Selection of target which is to be , -
cancel led or manual ly supported
MAN ACQUI CANCL Cancellation of the target ,
selected with "SELECT" "SELECT"
MAN ACQUI Supporting the automatic target -
MAN PLOT tracking with the rollball marker

MAN PLOT Manual plotting
MAN SPEED Input of own ship's speed using
numeric keyboard
MANUAL SPEED Manual entry of own ship's speed

MAP ADJUST Map adjusting ,
MAP ADJUST REFER Positioning the route map on the
radar display whi le key is pressed
MAP/CLEAR Clearing the route map on the radar -
screen
MAP/READ Reading and display of the stored
route map
H1N.CPA Setting of mini mum closest point
of approach
MIN.TCPA Setting of time to closest point of
approach
MODE/NAV LINE Setting of nav. Iines on the route
map
MODE/REF POINT Setting of reference points on the
route map
MODIF/PICKUP Inserting another point in
planned string of Iines
MODIF/SET Setting a reference point, fixing , -
of turn point or nav. lines/course , -
line /
MSS Map storage system
NAV LINE Navigation line
NORTH UP The orientation of radar display
with north up
OFF CENT SET Manual off-centering of own SET
ship's position to a dis play posi- ,
tion selected with the marker
OFF CENT RESET Resetting of own ship's position
to centre of display
PAD Predicted area of danger
PCB Printed circuit board ()
PLOT Display of plot mark
POWER ON Power on(off switch)
PPC Point of possible col I ision
PRF Pulse repetition frequency
PROG Program
PROG/MAP Storage of constructed route map

RANGE or RNG Range of the target ()
-RANGE+ Switch-over of range setting /

104
....... Range rings ON/OFF /

READ Reading out the route map
REFER/CONT/END Ending the setting of turn point or
navlines
REF POINT SELECT Selection of a reference point
REF TARGET Take-over of the data from the ref- -
erence target
PEL Relative display of the past plot
or past track
RESET Manual resetting of radar display -
to 0,5 radius 0, 5
RING S witching the guard ring on and off

RM Relative motion
RNG Range ()
RP Reflection plotter
SECTR START Setting the sector start
SECTR STOP Setting the sector end with the aid
of FBM
SEL DISP Selection of dangerous targets
SETNAVLINE Setting of navl me with VRM and EBM

SPD or SPEED Speed of target
STEP Step
STC Sensitivity time control
SUPPRESSION Setting of lines for exclusion
A-LINE/B-LINE sector in auto-acquisition mode

Input of time to closest point of
approach (alarm) ()
TM True motion
TRACK Track ,
TRACK HI STORY Track history markers
MARKERS
TRAIL TIME Change of afterglow time using
keys +/- +/-
TRACK ON/OFF Switching the past plots (past
track) on and off ()
TRACKTIME Switch-over of the track time: 1,5
or 3 mm 1,5-3
TRIAL Switching the trial manoeuvre on -
and off
TRIAL/STEP Switching the trial step manoeuvre -
after every pressing of the key

TRUE True display of the past plot or
of vectors and of past track
TUNE Tuning ,
TURN POINT MODE Setting of turning points
VECTR ON/OFF Vectors of the plotted targets /
on/off
VECTR TIME Selection of vector length using
numeric keyboard or +/- keys +/-
VDA Variable data area
VRM Variable range marker

6.3.
GP-1500 (GPS - GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM)
Abnormal , ALM (ALARM) . -

ALARM SETTING
ACQ , -
(ACQUISITION ) ALERT MON (MONITOR)
-
105
: Future satellites - NAV
;
HDOP - - NAVAID . -
;
SV Condition - NG (NO GOOD)
; -
Almanac date and time -
NM (NAUTICAL
ALMANAC. MILE)
NO (NUMBER) -

ARV (ARRIVAL) . , NORMAL

GPS
AZM (AZIMUTH) NOW .
BDR (BORDER). . , .
, ('KEY)
,
PPS (Precise () -
BRG (BEARING) itioning
. ER (COURSE . - Signal)
ERROR) PWR (POWER) .
PLOT '
CLR (CLEAR) RAM (Random -
DIM . - Access Memory)
RAM card ,
2-D
..
( )
ELV (ELEVATION) - R/B (RANGE/
BEARING)
ENT (ENTER) RNG (RANGE)
ROM (READ ,
EVT (EVENT) . ONLY MEMORY)
- ROM card
FROM - .

HDG (HEADING) , - ROUTE . 10

HDOP , SHFT (SHIFT)
(HORIZONTAL -
DEBUTION OF . HDOP, SPD (SPEED)
POSITION)
ID (IDENTI- , , S/C (SPEED/ /
FICATION) Route ID=ABC , - COURSE)
- SPS (Standard ,
- ) Positioning
I..GPS , Signal)
(INTERNAL SV (Space .
GPS) Vehicle)
( ) THRHLD HDOP,
LVL (LEVEL) , - (THRESHOLD)
TD (TIME
L/L (LAT/LONG) / DIFFERENCE)
MARK Plot -

(MEMORY - TO/FR /
CARD) RAM ()- (TO/fROM)
MEMO (MEMORY) TRK
PLOT (TRACKING) ,
MENU -
TTG (TIME
MODE GO)
MON (MONITOR) -

106
VD (Velocity , to (CROSS ,
Destination) TRACK ERROR) .
WPT (WAYPOINT) . , -

WP
(WAYPOINT )
MENU
[1] INITIAL Border Alarm
LAT & ON Alarm
SETTING [6] GPS , -
[2] DATE, , CORRECTIONS -
TIME & -
LOCAL ZONE , -
TIME
[3] PLOT - [7] INTERFACE
INTERVAL PORT, BACKUP
PRESET NAVIGATION
[8] COLD START
[4] DISPLAY
WPT MARKS [9] SELFTEST,
& COURSE CLEAR DATA, ,
[5] ALARM - BATTERY
SETTING .
Arrival Alarm
6.4. " 53 G"


LOP no PHC "", L/L

HYP L/L PHC L/LAWP
""
GPS L/L PHC B/D
"" AWP-WP
Raw-LOP "" .
PHC
Drms System
PHC Alerts
Dwf GPS
.
MOB-Posn ,
TRACK -
" "
C/SMG MOB-Time
" ".
B/D-WAYPT
. LOP PHC
""
ROUTE TRUE
STER-SEQ "" COMPASS
DATUM
SPD/HDG
DR HEIGHT
.
STEER-BY ANCH-DRFT
. (
) XTRACK
LOP
( PHC)
LOPAWP ,


107
WPT-APPR - GPS-FREQ
.
CIr-Mem
FILTER CIr-Decca ,
CIr-GPS ,
Syst-Tst , ,
D/TIME .
TIME-ALMS
LAST-P/B KEY-LOCK
.
ALERT-BLEEP
CMPS
LOG SIGNAL-BLEEP
NMEA .

Receiver
PRINT Display
Nav-Prog
DUMP , GPS
COMPASS
LOG
CVP SELECT

ARPA . PRINT

CVP
HYP-SIGS
"" DGPS -
HYP-FREQ .

GPS-SIGS
( )
6.5.
" -70"
( "")
ACQ - Satellite signal CRS MADE GOOD - -
ALM - Alarm - Average course
(Low-High) between the
ANT HEIGHT- fixes
Antenna height CUR FUEL - Cur-
ARV - Arrival alarm rent fuel count
AUTO DRIFT BRIL -
CORRECTION Brilliance
AUX-Auxillary , - DATA . .
(L/L direct) DATE (D/M/Y) (, , )
AVR FUEL - DATUM L/L CORR
Average fuel ,
count
CAL - Calculat- DEV - Dopier -
ing satellite fix deviation
CHECK - Check DFT - Drift; .
switch speed of current
CLEAR Key DOP - Doppler ,
cancels the numbers count
In the input line DOP DATA
COMMENT = DR - Dead
Reckoning
COURSE PLOT DRIFT .
DISPLAY DRT - Dead
reckoning time
D-RUN - Distance
run
108
D-RUN PRE- L/L=... Memo-
SET=... - Dis- rized position
tance run LOCATIONS..
preset ,
ELV-Max ele-
vat ion angle
ERR - Error , - LOG PULSE
found during
test MES - Message ,
- Estimated synch corn-
time of arrival pleted
EVENT NAVIGATION -
MONITOR
EVENT MEMORY NEXT

EV NO - Event
number NG - No good, , -
EVT - Present rejected
position memo- EVENT NO - Satellite number
rized by event OFF - COURSE
key
FIX .
OK - Good, ,
FIX-1 - Latest updated
fix OMG - Omega
FIX-2 - Second ""
latest PAST -
FUEL COUNT - FIX=...Time of past good
Remaining satellite fix
count PAST FIX DIS-
FUEL DATA PLAY
FUTURE SAT - - PLOT CLEAR
Future satel-
lite display/ PLOT INTERVAL
description PRINT-...
GC - Great-
circle range and R/B - Range and -
bearing bearing fr.
GEOID HEIGHT present posit to
waypoint
RL - Rhumb-1ine
GYRO RATIO - range and bearing
360 RCV DATA - , -
Received data
HOG (Auto:-) - .() - SATDATA=..
Present head- , . () - SCAN TIME=..
ing SET=... Set; direction of
INIT DATA- current
Initial data SET/DFT - Set
I NIT DATA INPUT and drift
ITR - Number of SIGNAL^...
iterations
KEY LOCK SISTEM DATA
LAMP SPD () - () - -
LAPSE - Time , - Present speed ()
elapsed (A) auto (log)
between the SPD () - ()
fixes Present speed
LAT - Latitude () manual
LATEST SPO MADE GOOD - -
FIX=...Time of Average speed between the fixes
latest satel-
lite fix
LEG - Range and
bearing
between TO and
FROM waypoints
109
SPECIAL CODE UP - No Good, ,
but forced
STORED=... , updated
UPDATE CRITE-
TIME (GMT H:M) (, RIA
)
TOTAL R=.. VOYAGE PLAN
TOTAL =.. ( WAYPOINT INPUT
) WP - Waypoint
TST - Self- WP/NAV DISPLAY
testing receiver
TTG - Time to
SO WPN03.. ,

6.6.
" -1102"
ANT = LON=E
A HDG , LON=W
A SPEEO , LTOFFs
HDG ,
SPEED ,
MONTH= . -
,
NF

DAY= PLAT5=
PLON5=
DIR PS/NM=
DISABLE ; 125 -2
D1ST R
ORIFT
DRT RISE

SAT ACQ
SAT FIX SET
EL
SPEED=+ (
ENABLE )
GCWP= TEST
GYRO=E WP/NO=
HDGM , WP =
( - , -
, )
HDG= WP HST
HDG ST
WP HST= -
IND
(S - )
IT WP RNQ= -
LAT=N
LAT=S
LOCK

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