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Cisco Aironet

, web- Cisco Wireless


Software Center ( ).

Cisco Aironet.

. Cisco. .

. ?

. Cisco Aironet ,
. web- Cisco
Wireless Software Center ( ).

.
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. , .
. , TFTP.
. Cisco IOS?

. Cisco IOS ,
Cisco ( ).
"Cisco" ,
(CLI) .

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. 9- "" "" COM1 COM2


RS-232 . ,
:

Microsoft Windows HyperTerminal


Symantec ProComm
Minicom

Speed: 9600 bits per second (bps)


Data bits: 8
Stop bits: 1
Parity: None
Flow Control: Xon/Xoff

: "Xon/Xoff" , "None".

. Aironet 1231. Cisco 50 ,


?

. , 50- AIR-CAB050LL-R.
.

. . ,
. "Error writing new config file "flash:/config.txt.new" nv_done: unable
to open "flash:/config.txt.new" nv_done: unable to open "flash:/private-multiple-fs.new"[OK]".
?

. , Flash- .
. , Cisco IOS,
. Flash-. dir flash,
crashinfo, , . write memory,
. .

. IP- ?

. IP- DHCP.

, IP- . Microsoft Windows,


Ethernet, DOS :

arp -s a.b.c.d 00-12-34-56-78-90

: a.b.c.d IP-, , 00-12-34-56-78-90


MAC-. .

ping a.b.c.d

: , IP- .

VxWorks, IP- "express setup".


. .

Cisco IOS IP- web-


(CLI). . IP- CLI .

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. . , ,
, .
, , ,
. 802.11 ,
RSSI. .
, .
.

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. . :

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,
.
.
.

.
WLAN.

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. Ethernet .
.

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. . Aironet Client Utility (ACU) ad hoc.


.
. ad hoc .

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. .

341 351 40- .


342 352 40-, 128- .
1100, 1200 1300 40- 128- .
. ,
, ?

. VxWorks. VxWorks
. Association > Entire Network > Apply.
IOS , WLSE
WDS , LWAPP.

. CCKM, ,
, . . . .
?

. , CSCsg10128. 3.1.03.

. Cisco UDLD, Ethernet-


1 2?

. , Cisco UDLD.

. Aironet?

. . .
Cisco Aironet WLC.

. Aironet Client Utility (ACU) 6.3 Cisco 1200


Cisco IOS 12.3(8)J. ,
ACU. ?

. AP Name . Aironet ,
ACU.

, , Cisco Aironet IEEE


802.11b ( no dot11 extensions aironet ). Cisco Aironet
.

Cisco Aironet , :

AP(config-if)#dot11 extension aironet

- Cisco,
. Aironet , -.
Aironet . Aironet.

. . ?

. 1 max-associations SSID.
max-associations SSID, ,
( SSID). no,
. 255.

. AP1010, AP1030 AIR-LAP-1232AG. WS-


PWR-PANEL Ethernet (PoE)?

. WS-PWR-PANEL . .
Cisco PoE Cisco IPM Cisco Aironet PoE.

. ?

. .
Setup. Cisco Services > Manage System Configuration .

. , ?

. show controllers dot11Radio0, ,


. , :

ap#show controllers dot11Radio0


!
interface Dot11Radio0
Radio AIR-AP1242GA, Base Address 0014.1b58.08f
Version 5.80.12
Serial number: GAM09200992
Number of supported simultaneous BSSID on Dot1
Carrier Set: Americas (US )
DFS Required: No
Current Frequency: 2412 MHzChannel 1

: IEEE 802.11b

. 802.11b,
Aironet. Non-Aironet 802.11 "Express Setup". : Use
Aironet Extension "Advanced AP Radio".

. ?


( )
( ) ( )

. ?

. , IEEE 802.11b,
11 2,4 . IEEE 802.11a 8
5 . IEEE 802.11g 11 2,4 .
, FCC.

. ?

. .
. Cisco Aironet

. ?
. . Cisco Aironet.

. ?

. 2048 MAC-.
,
.
24 ,
.

. MAC-,
?

. (CLI) 2 048 MAC- . ,


web- 43-.

. BR350 AP350 .
VxWorks, IOS. ?

. 350 VxWorks
.
.

. ?

. , :

( )


-

300 .
. 1200?

. . .
Cisco Aironet 1200. ,
. ,
. .
.

. IEEE 802.11g? ,
IEEE 802.11b .
, 802.11b.

. 802.11g,
:

1. "Network Interfaces" Radio 0-802.11G.


2. Settings "Radio 0-802.11G".
3.
4. Disable :
1.0
2.0
5.5
11.0
6.
7. Require . :
6.0
9.0
12.0
18.0
24.0
36.0
48.0
54.0
9. Apply . :

10.
. , IEEE 802.11g,
IEEE 802.11b,
?

. , . 802.11g , , IEEE
802.11b. , . 1, 6 11.

. Ethernet- ?

. Ethernet- 10 / 100 / RJ-45


. ,
.

. ?

. , :

2,4 ;
;
.

.
. .

. ?

. . Cisco Aironet.

. 340, 350, 1100 1300 ?


. , , :

340
350
1100 ( 2,4 )
1200 1300 ( 2,4 )

1200 IEEE 802.11a 5 IEEE 802.11b.


Aironet Wi-Fi ,
.

. 340 350?

. ,
, . 350, 1100 1200
IEEE 802.11b. 100 . 340 802.11b 30 .
1200 , IEEE 802.11a. 1100 1200
802.11b - mini-PCI (mini-Peripheral Component Interconnect),
.

: 340 .

. ?

. ,
, , , -
Keepalive .
, .
, .

. ?

. . , ""
. . ""
Cisco Aironet.

. WEP-?
. WEP Wired Equivalent Privacy ( ).
WEP ,
(WLAN). WEP IEEE 802.11,
, . WEP
WLAN , . , WEP RC4 40-
10- . RC4 ,
. WEP .
. , , ,
. . WEP
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy).

. Cisco ACS, LEAP?

. ACS 1645 1646.


, 1812 1813 . ,
"Authentication Server Setup" .

. Cisco ACS 3.2. EAP.


RADIUS.
. "Jun 2 15:58:13.553: %RADIUS-4-RADIUS_DEAD: RADIUS server
10.10.1.172:1645,1646 is not responding. Jun 2 15:58:13.553: %RADIUS-4-RADIUS_ALIVE: RADIUS server
10.10.1.172:1645,1646 has returned. Jun 2 15:58:23.664: %DOT11-7-AUTH_FAILED: Station 0040.96a0.3758
Authentication failed." ?

. ACS.
EAP. ACS 3.2 ,
EAP . RADIUS , . ,
ACS. .
.

. . "Mar 9 11:05:26.225
Information Group rad_acct: Radius server 10.10.1.172:1645,1646 is responding again (previously dead). Mar 9
11:03:09.361 Error Group rad_acct: No active radius servers found."
?

. , radius-server deadtime.
, . radius-server deadtime
,
. ,
. ,
"dead" (), .
1440 (24 ).
. 1230 Cisco IOS 12.3(4)J.
ACL "% Warning: Saving this config to nvram may corrupt any network
management or security files stored at the end of nvram. Continue? [no]:"

. , . [no],
. (NVRAM), Flash-.

, .
RCORE-, . :

3 -rwx 262144 Mar 3 2002 22:40:04 +00:00 r13_5705_9760_1EA7A81E.rcore

4 -rwx 262144 Mar 1 2002 17:21:44 +00:00 r13_5705_9760_709D16F4.rcore

5 -rwx 262144 Mar 7 2002 20:19:12 +00:00 r13_5705_9760_9D2DE9CD.rcore

6 -rwx 262144 Mar 26 2002 23:42:22 +00:00 r13_5705_9760_AAE78172.rcore

151-rwx 262144 Mar 1 2002 17:22:00 +00:00 r13_5705_9760_7187935C.rcore

, RCORE- Flash-.

, "enable":

ap#delete flash:r13_5705_9760_1EA7A81E.rcore

: delete flash: RCORE- Flash-.

. WLSM Cisco IOS 12.4(4)T1. .


"Previous authentication no longer valid"
"Disassociated because sending station is leaving (or has left) BSS". ?

. . , .

. WEP EAP
? VxWorks.

. , WEP EAP SSID


. VxWorks - .
. SSID VLAN (
SSID). WEP SSID EAP
SSID.

. ?

. . , -
, , .
. ,
. .
.

. . ?

. , User Manager.
.
, . .
Cisco Aironet.

. (, 1 1 2
2)?

. .
.
, ,
. ,
. .

. "mobility network-id" ?

. mobility network-id 3 .
mobility network-id ssid SSID .
3 ,
, . IP-
.

3 WLSM WDS.
WDS, 3 .
3 . 3 WDS,
.
, WDS WLSM (
WDS) 3.
:

IP- DHCP.
, .
.
EAP . mobility network-id ,
GRE EAP. ,
.
, WDS, WDS
.

. SSID VLAN?

. VLAN SSID.
SSID VLAN Aironet .

. Cisco Aironet WLAN SSID. ?


?

. SSID Manager,
SSID -. , , ,
SSID .

SSID, :

Ap<config>#dot11 ssid ssid-string


Ap<config-ssid>#guest-mode

. AIR-AP1231G-A-K9 AP. ,
A , G?
802.11b ?

. AIR-AP1231G-A-K9 AP G. AP1231G ,
G. G B,
. A , .
A . A 5 ,
G B 2,4 .
. A G ?
, ?

. , .
, SSID G A.
, (AP) G (root bridge) A.

. 1100. IEEE 802.11b


IEEE 802.11g. ,
? ?
802.11b.

. 802.11b 802.11g ,
802.11b. 802.11g
802.11b, 802.11g. 802.11b
11 /, 802.11g 54 /.

. ,
, ?

. , root,
. , root,
.

. (NAT)
Cisco?

. . NAT .

. Cisco IOS?
, .

. , ACL.
ACL ,
, 9:00 17:00. ACL
. ACL
, .
. ACL
IP.

. DHCP- ?

. DHCP-, IP- ,
DHCP-. ,
.
. IP- , ,
DHCP-.

. IP- Cisco 7920, Cisco. IP- 7920


, IP- . EAP.
"Info Station [SEP001121ceb9a4]001121ceb9a4 Authenticated", "Info Station [SEP001121ceb9a4]001121ceb9a4
Reassociated" "Warning EAP retry limit reached for Station [SEP001121ceb9a4]001121ceb9a4".
"Info Deauthenticating [SEP001121ceb9a4]001121ceb9a4, reason 'Previous Authentication No
Longer Valid' ". ?

. ,
RADIUS. , EAP .
RADIUS.

. ? ( ),
Aironet?

. (), .
, , .
, , 1 .

( ) = 10 * log10 (/)

. log10 .

(, 50 ).
(, 1 )
:

50 :

Power (in dB) = 10 * log10 (50/1) = 10 * log10 (50) = 10 * 1.7 = 17 dBm

3 ( ), ( ).
3 ( ) .
10 ( ), 10-
( ). 10 ( )
10 .
30 ( ), 1000-
( ). 30 ( )
1000 .

. .

. . RTS ,
.
-91 -95 . ?
?

. , . 1 /. -91 to -95
.

, . ,
, , .

RTS . RTS
CTS, 8 RTS CTS,
, .
; , ,
. , ( )
100 ( ) -90
to -95 ( , Cisco), , .

. Cisco 1231?

. web- (GUI) Services > SNTP, Time Settings .

. Cisco LWAPP.
TCP ACK , .
?

. 802.11 WLAN.
802.11
:

-, 802.11 WLAN ,
, 802.11 WLAN .
, 802.11 . ,
.
.
, , , . ,
.
802.11 2 ,
802.11 "".
802.11 WLAN ,
. .

, , .
, ,
. , , ,
, , , . ,
,
, , , ,
() .
. CCKM , ,
? ?

. . CCKM
, , CCKM "mandatory"
(). ( ) CCKM "optional" (),
CCKM.

, CCKM "optional"
, , ,
CCKM.

. 1240 1230?

. 1240 1230:

1240 32 ;
1230 16 .

. 1240 .
802.11a , 802.11b/g. -
?

. ,
(1200, 1230 1240AG). , 802.11a ,
802.11g .

,
(root AP), , ,
WGB .

. IP- ?

. IP-
, .
IP-, PSTN, ,
WAN ., IP-
, 802.11b:

802.11b . Cisco 1525 .


802.11b .

, , .
IP-
:

7 G.711.
8 G.729.

: , VAD IP- Cisco 7920


.

VAD Cisco 7920 , Cisco VAD


Cisco CallManager . ,
VoIP- 802.11b, . ,
2025 802.11b .
, , .
(
). Cisco 7 G.711 8
G.729. ,
.
20 VAD. 50
. ( 40 ) ,
VoIP.

802.11b , VLAN 2
:

7 G.711 8 G.729 .
" ".
. ,
- ( 3:1 5:1), Cisco 450600
Cisco 7920 VLAN 2.

. ,
WLAN ?.

. 1200
?

. "maximum retries"
AAA. AAA
, AAA.

. AP ( ) LAP (
).
. . Cisco Aironet.
LAP.

. Cisco Aironet PPPoE?

. . PPPoE Cisco Aironet.

. Cisco Aironet VTP?

. . VTP Cisco Aironet.

Cisco
Cisco Aironet 1240 AG Series Q&A
Cisco Aironet 1230 AG Series Q&A
VxWorks Cisco Aironet
IOS Cisco Aironet

Cisco Aironet 350

Cisco Systems

1992-2010 Cisco Systems, Inc. .

PDF : Jan 05, 2010

http://www.cisco.com/support/RU/customer/content/9/97417/ap-faq.shtml