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19001930- . Fondazione
Scientifica Querini Stampalia Onlus, ,
2005

This catalogue is published to accompany the exhibition


Quiet Resistance: Russian Pictorialism. 19001930s
at the Fondazione Scientifica Querini Stampalia Onlus, Venice,
April to May 2005.

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,

Curator: Olga Sviblova


Contributors: Sergey Burasovsky, Mikhail Golosovsky,
Elena Misalandi, Anastasia Chernenkova

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Compiled and edited by Elena Misalandi


Designed by Artur Diaghilev
Translated by Dmitry Fedosov
Proof-read by Olga Kanunnikova

.
, , 2005
, , 2005
, , 2005

Multimedia Complex of Actual Arts, GUK, Moscow,


publication, 2005
Olga Sviblova, text, 2005
Dmitry Fedosov, translation, 2005

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced


in any form without written permission from the publisher

119034, , . , 16
.: (095) 231 3326, 231 3327
: (095) 202 4346
e-mail: info@mdf.ru

119034, Moscow, Ostozhenka St., 16


Tel.: (095) 231 3326, 231 3327
Fax: (095) 202 4346
e-mail: info@mdf.ru

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, ,

We thank the following lenders to the exhibition:


Mikhail Golosovsky, Union of Photo-Artists of Russia,
Andrey Baskakov, Varvara Rodchenko, Aleksandr Lavrentyev,
Ludmila Mashanskaya, Aleksey Andreyev

: . . . 1926

Photo on front cover: Alexander Grinberg. Study of Movement. 1926

. 1900 1930- .:
. .: .
, 2005. 192 .
ISBN 5-93977-019-3


19001930-

QUIET RESISTANCE

Russian Pictorialism of the 1900s1930s

.

Published by Multimedia Complex of Actual Arts, GUK, Moscow
Moscow House of Photography Museum

1920-1930-
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1936, 5-6, . 17.
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3
4

. . ., 1996, . 199-200.

. , . 282.

ussian photographic Avant-Garde of the 1920s and


1930s, represented by Aleksandr Rodchenko, El Lissitzky,
Boris Ignatovich and others, in spite of persecution and
repressive measures of the totalitarian regime, became
a classic part of Russian and world art. Moreover, it became a symbol of the powerful energy and innovative spirit of Soviet Russia in
the first years after the October revolution of 1917. But few people
realize that at the very same period there was another, pictorial
trend in Russian photography, which strove to approximate photography to painting, using mainly soft lenses and special, often
very sophisticated printing techniques. Pictorial photography challenged documentary shots and, just like painting, sought to convey
the emotional side of things, and to express the individual senses
and meanings implied by the artist in his work.

The masters of Russian pictorial photography, Alexander


Grinberg, Yury Yeremin, Nikolai Andreev, Nikolai SvishchovPaola and others, were firmly a part of the world art scene.
They frequently won gold and silver medals at major international
photo shows and salons in Europe, United States and Japan.
Pictorialism in world photography, born in the late nineteenth century, has largely exhausted its aesthetic potential by the mid-1920s.
In Soviet Russia, however, it revived just then.
In 1928, at the exhibition 10 Years of Soviet Photography, the socalled old school clearly dominated, if we consider the number of
participants and their works by comparison with the modernists and
adherents of the new Soviet reportage. In the same year, despite the
fact that rigid ideological pressure on artists, expected to embrace
right away the new aesthetics of Socialist realism, was yet to come
(in the early and mid-1930s), photographers of the pictorial trend
were branded as bearers of bourgeois ideology, idealist individuals
and upholders of the old pre-Revolution ways.
This was actually true insofar as pictorial photo artists went on to
live and work in the new Soviet state, largely adhering to the hallowed human values and their own existential and aesthetic experience. Not all of them rushed to adopt Soviet slogans, which
enforced the priority of the collective over the individual, with
exalted rapture for revolutionary achievements.
Their subject matter was mostly confined to traditional pictorial
themes, i.e. landscapes, nudes, shots of old mansion houses, and
unpretentious genre scenes. A brilliant sense of composition and
virtuoso technique of execution endeared the pictorialists to organisers of international photo shows and salons. Foreign press devoted much attention to them and, curiously, just like Soviet critics,
regarded them as aesthetic opposition to the militant Soviet ideology. For instance, after the Paris salon of 1925 a British photo mag-

azine observed that whatever their political convictions, the


Russians in the shots they sent firmly stand within traditional
bounds.1
Pictorialist photographers were vehemently attacked by Soviet critics, who vainly pointed out the only righteous way to Socialist
realism. As one author put it in 1936, contemporary Soviet reality
is such that laughter, joy and smiles are typical features of our new
way of life, so that our life has become really wonderful.2
Photographic debates of the late 1920s were mostly about aesthetics, focusing on the advantages of certain compositions and opportunities offered by different optical devices or printing techniques.
But by the early 30s aesthetics yielded to ideology. From the late
1920s onwards all spheres of Soviet life, including the art of photography, were haunted by the search for enemies of revolutionary
changes. The enemy image became a foundation for ideological
propaganda. On the one hand it paralysed everyones personality
with fear, on the other, it aimed to consolidate and inspire the
masses in their heroic efforts for the sake of radiant future.
Thus pictorialists ended up as enemies in photography.
They were accused of predilection for the old non-revolutionary
world, where bourgeois values reigned supreme and ignored class
struggles. Passion for landscapes, old palaces or naked women
was condemned as Turgenevs stuff (after the nineteenth-century
writer) and political short-sightedness.
Nevertheless, the more violent the attacks became, the stronger
the quiet resistance. Working with non-Soviet subjects, pictorialists defended their aesthetics, which took shape before revolutionary upheavals, and their outlook, which differed from the new
Bolshevik mythology. Wrote Yury Yeremin, I am going on my
way bravely and calmly. As to reconstruction, for those who
regard it lightly it is very easy to change their ways.3
In 1935 moral persecution of artists led to physical repressions.
Under a ludicrous pretext of dissemination of pornography
Alexander Grinberg was sent to one of Stalins labour camps.
The charges followed the exhibition Masters of Soviet
Photography, held in 1935, where that master of international
renown showed his studies of naked nature. Nudes were purged
from Soviet photography. Vassily Ulitin was exiled from the capital, and virtually all pictorialists lost their right to practise
their profession. Since the late 1930s they were also deprived
of the chance to exhibit their works abroad.
In spite of the crackdown, masters of Russian pictorial photography persevered in their creative work. For example, Yury Yeremin
locked himself up in the bathroom of a big communal flat and

secretly printed his favourite photos in small format. Any of them


would have been sufficient to condemn him.
In 1928 in Novy LEF magazine Alexander Rodchenko spoke out
against pictorialists: It is not so much painting we are struggling
with (it is dying anyway), but rather with photography a la painting We have to experiment.4 But in the mid-1930s, when attacks
on pictorialism were at their worst, he skilfully used that very style
for his famous Circus series as well as scenes from classical operas
and ballets. Perhaps, this was some kind of resistance too... Getting
tired of non-stop revolutionary changes resulting in a reality so distant from his own original ideals, he remarked in his diary on 12
February 1943: Art is serving the people, but the people are led
different ways. I would like to lead the people towards art, not to
lead them somewhere through art. Was I born too early or too late?
Art must be separated from politics.5

From the mid-1980s onwards, Russian modernism, first and foremost the work of Alexander Rodchenko, was increasingly appreciated abroad. Its rediscovery in Russia took place as late as the
mid-1990s. The phenomenon of Russian pictorial photography
only recently began to attract the attention of experts and historians. This reappraisal is still far from complete, but it already gives
us a fuller understanding of the development of early twentiethcentury Russian culture and history.

Sovetskoie foto, No. 1, 1926, p. 27

P. Bliakhin, Sovetskoie fotoiskusstvo peredovoie v mire, Sovetskoie foto,


No. 5-6, 1936, p. 17
Y. Yeremin, Sovetskoie foto, No. 5-6, 1936, p. 32

3
4

In the late 1930s Soviet photography, like Soviet art as a whole,


witnessed the triumph of Socialist realism. Isolated from the outer
world by the iron curtain, it gradually degenerated from the most
important of the arts to an accessory of the ideological machine.
Most of the original photo prints of that period made by artists,
who did not conform to new canons, were neglected, never
appeared in public for over half a century and consequently perished. The exhibition Quiet Resistance: Russian Pictorialism, 1900
to 1930s presents some vintage prints, but does not aspire to a
complete survey of this trend. It is rather a brief summary,
an effort to outline the phenomenon. For the first time it brings
together photos by masters who worked at the same period, and
thus interacted and influenced each other.

A. Rodchenko, Opyty budushchego ( Experiences of the Future),


Moscow, 1996, pp. 199-200
Ibid., p. 282

Olga Sviblova,
Directorn Moscow House of Photography Museum

8 / ANDREI KARELIN

.
. 18701880-

Girls with Albums.


From Art Album of Photographs from Nature. 1870s 1880s
Albumen print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
22,217,1

/ ALEKSEI MAZURIN 9

. 1900-

Untitled. 1900s
Albumen print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
17,422,9

10 / ALEKSEI MAZURIN

. 1900-

Untitled. 1900s
Albumen print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
17,322,9

/ ALEKSEI MAZURIN 11

. 1900-
,
.

Winter. 1900s
Gelatine silver print, toning
. Golosovsky collection
14,719,3

12 / ALEKSEI MAZURIN

. 1900

.

At the Fireplace. 1900


Black gum arabic
. Golosovsky collection
18,816,8

/ ALEKSEI MAZURIN 13

. 1898
, ,
.

Having a Stroll. 1898


Salted paper, painting with honey watercolour, varnish
. Golosovsky collection
21,516,2

14 / NIKOLAI PETROV

. 1898
; ,

.

Interesting Letter. 1898


Albumen print; silvered paper tinged with gold and platinum
. Golosovsky collection
15,511,5

/ NIKOLAI PETROV 15

.. -. 1908

Portrait of .D. Voronets-ntvid. 1908


Phototype
. Golosovsky collection
15,710,2

16 / SERGEI LOBOVIKOV

. 19071908

.

Muzhiks. 19071908
Gelatine silver print
. Golosovsky collection

20,828,8

/ SERGEI LOBOVIKOV 17

. 1910-

Vagrant Russia. 1910s


Gelatine silver print
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
17,523,6

18 / SERGEI LOBOVIKOV

. 19071908

. 19071908

,
.

Off to Get Some Food. 19071908

Akulinushka. 19071908

Gelatine silver print, sepia


. Golosovsky collection
2812,8

Black gum arabic


. Golosovsky collection
28,29,5

/ SERGEI LOBOVIKOV 19

. 19071908

.

Widows Thoughts. 19071908


Gelatine silver print
. Golosovsky collection
28,522,7

20 / SERGEI LOBOVIKOV

. 19071908
-
.

Visit to Granny. 19071908


Reddish-brown gum arabic
. Golosovsky collection
28,818,8

/ SERGEI LOBOVIKOV 21

. 19071908
-
.

Sunset. 19071908
Reddish-brown gum arabic
. Golosovsky collection
26,522,5

22 / SERGEI LOBOVIKOV

/ SERGEI LOBOVIKOV 23

1 3
2

1 | . 19091910

2 | . 19071908

3 | . 1903

19091910
.

Housekeeper. 19091910

Old Mans Delight. 19071908

Teacher. 1903.

Gelatine silver print


. Golosovsky collection
20,528,7

Gelatine silver print


. Golosovsky collection
21,929,1

Gelatine silver print of 1909 1910


. Golosovsky collection
21,529

24 / SERGEI SAVRASOV

. 1920-

Landscape. Late 1920s


Bromoil
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
14,820,6

/ SERGEI SAVRASOV 25

. 1910-

Winter Landscape. Late 1910s


Pigment print
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
16,623

26 / SERGEI SAVRASOV

. 1910-

Moscow. Late 1910s


Bromoil
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
15,611,7

/ SERGEI SAVRASOV 27

. 1900-

.

Over the Pond. 1900s


Brown gum arabic
. Golosovsky collection
16,511,7

28 / ANATOLY TRAPANI

. 1915

Study. 1915
Photoetching
. Golosovsky collection
14,414,8

/ ANATOLY TRAPANI 29

. 1915

Study. 1915
Photoetching
. Golosovsky collection
14,49,6

30 / ANATOLY TRAPANI

. 1917

Portrait of a Man. 1917


Photoetching
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
29,225

/ BORIS YELISEEV 31

. 1912

St. Petersburg. 1912


Ozobrome
. Golosovsky collection
12,718,1

32 / MIRON SHERLING


. . 1914

Fedor Chaliapin in the Title Role


of the Opera Mefistofele by A. Boito. 1914
Photoengraving
Union of Photo-artists of Russia
21,615,6

/ MIRON SHERLING 33


. . 1913
-
.

Fedor Chaliapin as the Miller in the opera Rusalka


by Dargomyzhsky. 1913
Mezzo-tintograph
. Golosovsky collection
21,214,8

34 / MIRON SHERLING


. . 1913
-
.

Fedor Chaliapin in the Title Role of the Opera


Boris Godunov by M. Mussorgsky. 1913
Mezzo-tintograph
. Golosovsky collection
20,914,5

/ MIRON SHERLING 35

-
. . 1913


. . 1913

-
.

-
.

Fedor Chaliapin in the Title Role of the Opera


Don Quixote by J. Massenet. 1913

Fedor Chaliapin in the Title Role


of the Opera Mefistofele by A. Boito. 1913

Mezzo-tintograph
. Golosovsky collection
20,514,9

Mezzo-tintograph
. Golosovsky collection
2114,7

36 / ALEXANDER GRINBERG

. 1926

Shadows on Snow. 1926


Gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
21,819,1

/ ALEXANDER GRINBERG 37

. 1926

Landscape. 1926
Gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
27,120,6

38 / ALEXANDER GRINBERG

. 1928

.

Courtyard. 1928
Gelatine silver print
. Golosovsky collection
22,429

/ ALEXANDER GRINBERG 39

. 1926

.

Embankment. 1926
Gelatine silver print
. Golosovsky collection
2028

40 / ALEXANDER GRINBERG

. 1926
,

Summer Sun. 1926


Gelatine silver print, sepia
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
19,427,8

/ ALEXANDER GRINBERG 41

. . . 1920-

Stairs. Kuchino. Russian Country Houses Series. 1920s


Gelatine silver print
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
24,619,8

42 / ALEXANDER GRINBERG

I. 1923
,

BacchanaliaI. 1923
Gelatine silver print, sepia
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
23,730

/ ALEXANDER GRINBERG 43

. 1923

.

Parting Day. 1923


Gelatine silver print
. Golosovsky collection
31,723,7

44 / ALEXANDER GRINBERG

. . 1926

Oriental Dance. Ballet Dancer Maria Peschanaya. 1926


Bromoil
Moscow House of Photography Museum
2920,7

/ ALEXANDER GRINBERG 45

. 1926

.

Oriental Dance. 1926


Bromoil with transfer
. Golosovsky collection
29,223,8

46 / ALEXANDER GRINBERG

. . 1926

.

Maria Peschanaya. Vera Mayas Studio. 1926


Bromoil with transfer
. Golosovsky collection
22,8x26,3

/ ALEXANDER GRINBERG 47

. 1928

Sitting Girl. 1928


Bromoil with transfer
Moscow House of Photography Museum
28,219,3

48 / ALEXANDER GRINBERG

. 1926

.

Stranger. 1926
Gelatine silver print on warm paper
. Golosovsky collection
28,918,3

/ ALEXANDER GRINBERG 49

. 1920

.

Portrait of an Actress. 1920


Gelatine silver print
. Golosovsky collection
37,928,6

50 / ALEXANDER GRINBERG

. 1925

Study of Movement. 1925


Gelatine silver print
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
11,327,1

/ ALEXANDER GRINBERG 51

. 1924
,
.

Trio Castelio. 1924


Gelatine silver print, sepia
. Golosovsky collection
2227,3

52 / ALEXANDER GRINBERG

. 1928

.

Study of Movement. 1928


Bromoil with transfer
. Golosovsky collection
17,628,9

/ ALEXANDER GRINBERG 53

. . 1928

Study of Movement. Group. 1928


Gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
15,929

54 / ALEXANDER GRINBERG

. 1923

.

Nina Vassilyeva from Vera Mayas Studio. 1923


Bromoil with transfer
. Golosovsky collection
28,317,4

/ ALEXANDER GRINBERG 55

. 19261928

.

Study of Movement. 19261928


Gelatine silver print
. Golosovsky collection
22,716,4

56 / ALEXANDER GRINBERG

. 1926

. 1930

Nude with Umbrella. 1926

Nude with a Ball. 1930

Gelatine silver toned print


Private collection
15,59,9

Gelatine silver print, sepia


Private collection
3011,6

/ ALEXANDER GRINBERG 57

. . 1930-
,
.

Nude. Dark Tone. 1930s


Gelatine silver print, sepia
. Golosovsky collection
27,518

58 / ALEXANDER GRINBERG

1
2 4
3

1 | -2. 1928

.

Nocturne-2. 1928
Gelatine silver print
. Golosovsky collection
27,138,4

2 | . 1926
,

Sitting Woman. 1926


Gelatine silver print, sepia
Moscow House of Photography Museum
18,529

3 | . . 19261927
, ,
.

Nude. Dark Tone. 1926 1927


Gelatine silver print, sepia, varnish
. Golosovsky collection
19,128,9

4 | . 1928

Sitting Woman. 1928


Gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
2316,5

/ ALEXANDER GRINBERG 59

60 / ALEXANDER GRINBERG

. 1925

Nude. 1925
Bromoil
Private collection
17,228,2

/ ALEXANDER GRINBERG 61

. 1920-

Nude. 1920s
Gelatine silver print
Private collection
1018,8

62 / ALEXANDER GRINBERG

. 1927
,

Cinema Actor Andrei Fait. 1927


Gelatine silver print, toning
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
29,821,7

/ ALEXANDER GRINBERG 63

. . 1930
,
.

Nude. Dark Tone. 1930


Gelatine silver print, sepia
. Golosovsky collection
13,522,6

64 / ALEXANDER GRINBERG

. 1924
,
.

Bather. 1924
Gelatine silver print, sepia
. Golosovsky collection
33,527,7

/ ALEXANDER GRINBERG 65

. 1920-
,

Nude. 1920s
Gelatine silver print, sepia
Private collection
22,230,6

66 / ALEXANDER GRINBERG

. 1923

.

Portrait of an Actress. 1923


Bromoil with transfer
. Golosovsky collection
28,922

/ ALEXANDER GRINBERG 67

( ). 1923

Portrait (Woman with a Star). 1923


Gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
28,222,8

68 / ALEXANDER GRINBERG

. 1928

Sergei Eisenstein. 1928


Gelatine silver print
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
2922,4

/ ALEXANDER GRINBERG 69

. 1928

Sergei Eisenstein. 1928


Gelatine silver print
Private collection
16,512

70 / ALEXANDER GRINBERG

. 1920-

Joy. 1920s
Toned gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
27,822,7

/ ALEXANDER GRINBERG 71

. 1920-

Portrait of a Man. 1920s


Gelatine silver print
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
3024,7

72 / ALEXANDER GRINBERG

. 1926
,
.

Study of Movement. 1926


Gelatine silver print, sepia
. Golosovsky collection
22,928,5

/ ALEXANDER GRINBERG 73

. . 1930-

. . 1930-

Nude. Dark Tone. 1930s

Nude. Dark Tone. 1930s

Gelatine silver print, sepia


Moscow House of Photography Museum
10,728,7

Gelatine silver print, sepia


Moscow House of Photography Museum
13,529,7

74 / YURY YEREMIN

. 1926
,
.

In a Cave. 1926
Gelatine silver print, sepia
. Golosovsky collection
18,926

/ YURY YEREMIN 75

. 1926
,
.

Among Cliffs. 1926


Gelatine silver print, warm paper
. Golosovsky collection
1924,8

76 / YURY YEREMIN

. 1920-

Herd. Mid-1920s
Gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
27,838

/ YURY YEREMIN 77

. 1930-

.78 . 1935

Herd in the Dust. 1930s

p.78 Herd. 1935

Gelatine silver print


Moscow House of Photography Museum
26,837,7

Gelatine silver print


Moscow House of Photography Museum
17,334,5

80 / YURY YEREMIN

. 1928

Fence. 1928
Gelatine silver print
Private collection
8,913,7

/ YURY YEREMIN 81

. . 1930

Shepherds. Cover for Tourist Magazine. 1930


Gelatine silver print
Private collection
11,115,3

82 / YURY YEREMIN

. 1924
. 1924

Crimea. 1924

Pavilion. 1924

Gelatine silver print


Private collection
78,4

Gelatine silver print


. Golosovsky collection
22,715,5

/ YURY YEREMIN 83

. . 1924

. . 1924

Sunrise at Livadia. Crimea. 1924

Miskhor. Crimea. 1924

Gelatine silver print


Private collection
139

Gelatine silver print


Private collection
8,56

84 / YURY YEREMIN

. 1928

. 1928

Shoemaker. 1928

Woman with Children near a Wall. 1928

Gelatine silver print


Private collection
13,18,1

Gelatine silver print


Private collection
8,912,9

/ YURY YEREMIN 85

. 1924

. . 1924

Cart on the Road. 1924

Peasants with a Small Cart. Crimea. 1924

Gelatine silver print


Private collection
7,86,6

Gelatine silver print


Private collection
7,38,1

86 / YURY YEREMIN

. 1920-

Nude. 1920s
Gelatine silver print
Private collection
11,816,5

/ YURY YEREMIN 87

. 1924
,
.

Crimea. 1924
Gelatine silver print, sepia
. Golosovsky collection
20,328,4

88 / YURY YEREMIN

. 1926

.

Summer. 1926
Gelatine silver print
. Golosovsky collection
19,426,3

/ YURY YEREMIN 89

. 1920-

Study. 1920s
Bromoil with transfer
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
28,623,3

90 / YURY YEREMIN

. 1935
,

Courtyard in Sukhumi. 1935


Gelatine silver print, sepia
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
38,927,8

/ YURY YEREMIN 91

. 1928
,

Covered Street in Old Bukhara. 1928


Gelatine silver print, sepia
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
38,827,2

92 / LEONID SHOKIN

. 1920-
,

Butterflies. 1920s
Gelatine silver print, sepia
Moscow House of Photography Museum
20,228,1

/ LEONID SHOKIN 93

. 1920

White Geese. 1920


Bromoil
Moscow House of Photography Museum
21,416

94 / LEONID SHOKIN

. 1930-
. 1940
.

Spreading Flax. 1930s


Gelatine silver print of 1940
. Golosovsky collection
21,128

/ LEONID SHOKIN 95

. 1940

.

Working Flax. 1940


Gelatine silver print
. Golosovsky collection
20,629,1

96 / LEONID SHOKIN

. 1928

.

Winter Trees. 1928


Gelatine silver print
. Golosovsky collection
1813,8

/ LEONID SHOKIN 97

. 1930

.

Winter Day. 1930


Gelatine silver print
. Golosovsky collection
21,218

98 / LEONID SHOKIN

. 1925

Tackle. 1925
Bromoil
Moscow House of Photography Museum
20,125,9

/ LEONID SHOKIN 99

. 1930-

Volga at Night. 1930s


Gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
22,716,8

100 / LEONID SHOKIN

. 1923

. 1926

Portrait of a Girl. 1923

Gypsy. 1926

Bromoil
. Golosovsky collection
2216,8

Bromoil
. Golosovsky collection
2014,9

/ LEONID SHOKIN 101

. 1916

. 1921

Dance. 1916

Herdboy. 1921

Bromoil with transfer


. Golosovsky collection
22,215,8

Bromoil with transfer


. Golosovsky collection
22,711,7

102 / LEONID SHOKIN

. 1930

.

Portrait of an Old Man. Ca. 1930


Bromoil with transfer
. Golosovsky collection
20,715,7

/ LEONID SHOKIN 103

. 1921

Mills. 1921
Bromoil
. Golosovsky collection
18,722,9

104 / LEONID SHOKIN

. 1925

Shepherds. 1925
Bromoil
Moscow House of Photography Museum
21,326,5

/ LEONID SHOKIN 105

. 1920-. 1939

Autumn Landscape. 1920s. Print of 1939


Bromoil
. Golosovsky collection
1622,1

106 / LEONID SHOKIN

. 1920. 1925

.

Peddler. 1920. Print of 1925


Bromoil with transfer
. Golosovsky collection
2215,3

/ LEONID SHOKIN 107

. 1926

Bringing News. 1926


Bromoil
. Golosovsky collection
22,617

108 / LEONID SHOKIN

. 1919

Kimry. 1919
Bromoil
. Golosovsky collection
14,518,5

/ LEONID SHOKIN 109

. . 1930-

On the Volga. Kimry. 1930s


Gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
27,818,6

110 - /NIKOLAI SVISHCHOV-PAOLA

, ( ).
1920-

. 1920-
,

Keep Quiet (Kamerny Theatre).


Late 1920s

Dream. 1920s

Toned gelatine silver print


Moscow House of Photography Museum
27,320,9

Gelatine silver print, sepia


Moscow House of Photography Museum
28,615,6

- /NIKOLAI SVISHCHOV-PAOLA 111

. 1920-

. 1920-

The Call. 1920s

On the Raft. 1920s

Toned gelatine silver print


Moscow House of Photography Museum
34,324,9

Toned gelatine silver print


Moscow House of Photography Museum
26,921,7

112 - /NIKOLAI SVISHCHOV-PAOLA

. 1930-

Willow Branch. 1930s


Toned gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
20,827

- /NIKOLAI SVISHCHOV-PAOLA 113

. 1920-

Boat. 1920s
Bromoil
Moscow House of Photography Museum
27,335,3

114 - /NIKOLAI SVISHCHOV-PAOLA

. 1920-

Guarding the Past. 1920s


Bromoil
Moscow House of Photography Museum
27,736,6

- /NIKOLAI SVISHCHOV-PAOLA 115

. 1920-

Leningrad. 1920s
Bromoil
Moscow House of Photography Museum
16,325,7

116 - /NIKOLAI SVISHCHOV-PAOLA

. 1920-

Horse with a Bag. 1920s


Bromoil with transfer
Moscow House of Photography Museum
16,222,4

- /NIKOLAI SVISHCHOV-PAOLA 117

. 1920-

Motherhood. 1920s
Bromoil
Moscow House of Photography Museum
19,825,4

118 - /NIKOLAI SVISHCHOV-PAOLA

. 1910-

-. 1920-

Portrait of a Woman. 1910s

Actress Maria Arnazi-Borshak. 1920s

Bromoil
Moscow House of Photography Museum
33,224,5

Bromoil
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
3022,4

- /NIKOLAI SVISHCHOV-PAOLA 119

. 1930-

. 1920-

Portrait of the Actress Zhukovskaya. 1930s

Portrait of a Woman. 1920s

Gelatine silver print, sepia


Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
28,521,5

Reddish-brown gum arabic


Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
28,724,4

120 - /NIKOLAI SVISHCHOV-PAOLA

. 1920-

.121 . 1920-

Demon. 1920s

.121 Study of Movement. 1920s

Bromoil
Moscow House of Photography Museum
19,824,7

Bromoil
Moscow House of Photography Museum
27,815,4

- /NIKOLAI SVISHCHOV-PAOLA 121

122 / NIKOLAI ANDREEV

. 1930-

.

Above the Dome. Early 1930s


Gelatine silver print
. Golosovsky collection
12,827,5

/ NIKOLAI ANDREEV 123

. 1920-
,

Spring Flood. Late 1920s


Gelatine silver print, drawing
Private collection
14,423,7

124 / NIKOLAI ANDREEV

. 1924

. 1930

Too Late. 1924

Stocking Up Timber. 1930

Gelatine silver print


Private collection
22,528,4

Bromoil
Private collection
16,223,3

/ NIKOLAI ANDREEV 125

1 2
3 4

. 1929
. 1929

. 1920-

. 1928

,
.

Rising Moon. 1929

At the Fence. 1920s

Buturlino. 1928

Before the Rain. Before 1929

Bromoil, painting
. Golosovsky collection
26,533,7

Gelatine silver print


Private collection
16,322

Gelatine silver print


Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
23,629,3

Toned gelatine silver print


Private collection
20,227,3

126 / NIKOLAI ANDREEV

. 1920-

. . 1923

Last Ray. 1920s

Moonlight. Panikovo. 1923

Bromoil
. Golosovsky collection
19,224,4

Gelatine silver print


Private collection
19,223

/ NIKOLAI ANDREEV 127

. 1929
. 1920-

Evening. 1920s

Evening. 1929

Gelatine silver print


Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
2229,1

Toned gelatine silver print


Private collection
20,327

128 / NIKOLAI ANDREEV

. 1930
,

Before the Storm. 1930


Gelatine silver print, drawing
Private collection
16,827

/ NIKOLAI ANDREEV 129

. 1920-

First Flowers. 1920s


Gelatine silver print
Private collection
26,936,2

130 / NIKOLAI ANDREEV

. 1930-

. 1930-

, ,

Field Cares. 1930s

Reaper. 1930s

Toned gelatine silver print, drawing


Private collection
18,828,2

Gelatine silver print, painting, drawing


Private collection
28,724,6

/ NIKOLAI ANDREEV 131

. 1930

. 1935

, ,

,
.

Autumn Cares. 1930

Reaper. 1935

Gelatine silver print, painting, drawing


Private collection
2328,9

Bromoil, drawing
. Golosovsky collection
28,222,3

132 / NIKOLAI ANDREEV

. 1926

Having a Smoke. 1926


Bromoil
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
37,420,5

/ NIKOLAI ANDREEV 133

. 1920-

Boiling Point. 1920s


Bromoil with transfer
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
37,728,1

134 / NIKOLAI ANDREEV

. 1924

At the Furnace. Before 1924


Toned gelatine silver print
Private collection
32,544,4

/ NIKOLAI ANDREEV 135

-. 1930
, ,

-. 1930

Portrait of an Old Intellectual. 1930

Portrait of an Old Peasant. 1930

Gelatine silver print, painting, drawing


Private collection
3425,1

Bromoil
Private collection
26,219,3

136 / NIKOLAI ANDREEV

. 1920-
,

Untitled. 1920s
Gelatine silver print, painting
Moscow House of Photography Museum
23,531,6

/ NIKOLAI ANDREEV 137

. 1930-

Lenin Monument. 1930s


Toned gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
16,220,2

138 - / SERGEI IVANOV-ALLILUEV

- / SERGEI IVANOV-ALLILUEV 139

. 1922

Labour. 1922
Gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
1239,6

140 - / SERGEI IVANOV-ALLILUEV

. 1934

Portrait of Yury Yeremin. 1934


Gelatine silver print
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
23,128,6

/ EMIL BENDEL 141

. 1910-
,

Portrait of a Woman. 1910s


Gelatine silver print, drawing
Moscow House of Photography Museum
29,849,7

142 / PIOTR KLEPIKOV

. 1925

Sunrise Over Simeiz. 1925


Toned gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
19,329,4

/ PIOTR KLEPIKOV 143

. 1923

. 1925

Winter Study. 1923

Autumn. 1925

Bromoil
Moscow House of Photography Museum
23,617,1

Bromoil with transfer


Moscow House of Photography Museum
14,36,4

144 / PIOTR KLEPIKOV

. 1928

. 1925

Near Batumi. 1928

Decorative detail. 1925

Bromoil with transfer


Moscow House of Photography Museum
29,321,7

Bromoil with transfer


Moscow House of Photography Museum
21,8

/ PIOTR KLEPIKOV 145

. 1925
,

Marfino. 1925
Gelatine silver print, sepia
Moscow House of Photography Museum
16,229,2

146 / PIOTR KLEPIKOV

. 1925

Winters End. 1925


Bromoil
Moscow House of Photography Museum
23,128,1

/ PIOTR KLEPIKOV 147

. 1923
,

Snow. 1923
Gelatine silver print, sepia
Moscow House of Photography Museum
24,428,1

148 / PIOTR KLEPIKOV

-. 1924

Nikolskoye-Uriupino. 1924
Bromoil
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
19,322,3

/ PIOTR KLEPIKOV 149

. 1920-

. 1925

Church Entrance. Late 1920s

Ruins. 1925

Bromoil with transfer


Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
24,428,3

Bromoil
Moscow House of Photography Museum
23,524,2

150 / PIOTR KLEPIKOV

. . 1925

Kremlin Silhouettes. Moscow. 1925


Tricoloured bromoil
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
28,222,4

/ PIOTR KLEPIKOV 151

. . 1940

Red Square. Moscow. 1940


Gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
38,328,6

152 / VASSILY ULITIN

. 1928

Winter. 1928
Bromoil
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
23,725,7

/ VASSILY ULITIN 153

. 1926

.

Summer Day. 1926


Gelatine silver print
. Golosovsky collection
19,728,2

154 / VASSILY ULITIN

. 1928

.

Threshing. 1928
Bromoil with transfer
. Golosovsky collection
20,622,3

/ VASSILY ULITIN 155

. 1928

.

Harvest. 1928
Bromoil with transfer
. Golosovsky collection
24,523,1

156 / VASSILY ULITIN

. 1919

.

Portrait of a Young Woman. 1919


Gelatine silver print
. Golosovsky collection
26,620

/ VASSILY ULITIN 157

. 1920-

Babushka. 1920s
Gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
17,322,9

158 / VASSILY ULITIN

. 1926

Gypsy. 1926
Resinotype
Union of Photo-artists of Russia collection
27,120,8

/ VASSILY ULITIN 159

. 1930

.

Portrait. 1930
Bicoloured bromoil
. Golosovsky collection
27,718,9

160 / VASSILY ULITIN

. 1919.
1922
,
.

Portrait of Guzeev, Actor of the Moscow Art Theatre. 1919.


Print of 1922
Gelatine silver print, sepia
. Golosovsky collection
2922,1

/ VASSILY ULITIN 161

. 1926

Fisherman Lev Lashchilin. 1926


Bromoil
. Golosovsky collection
23,424,4

162 / VASSILY ULITIN

. 1932

.

Flame of Paris. 1932


Bicoloured bromoil
. Golosovsky collection
27,538,5

/ VASSILY ULITIN 163

. 1933

Ballerina. 1933
Photoengraving
. Golosovsky collection
38,527,5

164 / VASSILY ULITIN

. 1926

.

White Sea Study. 1926


Gelatine silver print
. Golosovsky collection
19,426,6

/ VASSILY ULITIN 165

. 19261927

North. 1926 1927


Gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
21,529,2

1
2
3 4

1 | . 1930

Untitled. 1930
Gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
5,57,7

2 | . 1924

Untitled. 1924
Gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
5,98,1

3 | . 1930

Untitled. 1930
Gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
6,67,6

4 | . 1930

Untitled. 1930
Gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
6,97,9

/ VASSILY ULITIN 167

1 2
3

1 | . 1930

2 | . 1930

3 | . 1930

Untitled. 1930

Untitled. 1930

Untitled. 1930

Gelatine silver print


Moscow House of Photography Museum
7,48,1

Gelatine silver print


Moscow House of Photography Museum
7,68,2

Gelatine silver print


Moscow House of Photography Museum
7,68,1

168 / VASSILY ULITIN

. 1920-

Kovda River. 1920s


Toned gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
29,123,3

/ VASSILY ULITIN 169

. 1920-

Untitled. 1920s
Toned gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
23,621,9

170 / VASSILY ULITIN

. 1920-

Rookery. 1920s
Toned gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
22,922,6

/ VASSILY ULITIN 171

. 1926

.

Ships at Low Tide. 1926


Gelatine silver print
. Golosovsky collection
32,230,2

172 / VASSILY ULITIN

. 1926 1927

Lake Kovda. 1926 1927


Toned gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
20,528,2

/ VASSILY ULITIN 173

.1928
,
.

Before the Storm. 1928


Gelatine silver print on warm paper, varnish
. Golosovsky collection
23,627,5

174 / VASSILY ULITIN

. . 1925

Pines. Crimea. 1925


Bromoil
. Golosovsky collection
34,822,7

/ VASSILY ULITIN 175

. 1929

.

Zlatoust Works. 1929


Gelatine silver print
. Golosovsky collection
27,822,7

176 / ALEXANDER RODCHENKO

. 1940

Acrobat. 1940
Gelatine silver print
Private collection
40,727

/ ALEXANDER RODCHENKO 177

. 1940

Vladimir Durov with Sea Lions. 1940


Gelatine silver print
Private collection
41,528,7

178 / ALEXANDER RODCHENKO

. 1940

Juggler. 1940
Gelatine silver print
Private collection
24,129,1

/ ALEXANDER RODCHENKO 179

.
. . 1937

Opera Ruslan and Ludmila.


Bolshoi Theatre. Moscow. 1937
Gelatine silver print
Moscow House of Photography Museum
22,930,3

180 / ALEXANDER RODCHENKO

1
2

1 | .
. . 1937

2 | .
. . 1937

Ballet La Fille Mal Garde.


Bolshoi Theatre. Moscow. 1937

Opera Ruslan and Ludmila.


Bolshoi Theatre. Moscow. 1937

Gelatine silver print, sepia


Moscow House of Photography Museum
28,940,4

Gelatine silver print


Private collection
19,340

/ ALEXANDER RODCHENKO 181

. 1938

Parterre Acrobats. 1938


Gelatine silver print
Private collection
3041,5

182


1837 .
1847 .
18571864 - ;
.
1865 ; . .
1866 , 1869 .
.
18701900-
.
18701880-
.
1878 .
1886 .
1895 ()
.
1902
(),
.
1906 .

1846 .
--.
1869 .
.
1880- .
18821883 .
1889
; .
1890- ();
18951896 .
. -
-;
.
1915 .

1876 .
1890- 1910-
.
1900 ;
.
().
1903 .
19051920
.
1906 V
().
19061911 -
.
1910-
, .
19111915
;
,
().
1914 ,
. .

arelin Andrei Osipovich


1837 born in Soldatskaya Sloboda, Tambov province.
1847 studied under an icon-painter in Tambov.
18571864 studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts;
took up photography.
1865 moved to Kostroma; worked in the photo studio of . Nastiukov.
1866 moved to Nizhny Novgorod, where in 1869 he launched his own
studio Photography and Painting.
1870s1900s participated in numerous photo exhibitions in Russia
and abroad.
1870s1880s produced his Art Album of Photographs from Nature.
1878 member of French National Academy of Arts.
1886 completed his photo album Views of Nizhny Novgorod.
1895 honorary member of the Russian Photographic Society
in Moscow.
1902 photographed slums and their inhabitants for the production
of Maxim Gorkys play The Lower Depths at the Moscow Art Theatre.
1906 died in Nizhny Novgorod.
azurin Aleksei Sergeevich
1846 born in Moscow.
Studied at the Commercial School, Frankfurt-am-Main.
From 1869 member of the board, Reutovo Manufacture Co.
Took painting lessons.
Early 1880s took up photography.
18821883 travelled in Europe.
From 1889 took part in photo exhibitions in Russia and abroad;
mastered genre photography.
1890s member of the Russian Photographic Society,
and in 18951896 member of its board. Was among the first in Russia
to use the technique of gum-arabic print. Corresponding member
of the Hamburg Society of Amateur Photographers; member
of the French National Academy of Arts.
After 1915 died in Moscow.
Petrov Nikolai Alexandrovich
1876 born in Yelets.
1890s1910s took part in numerous exhibitions in Russia and abroad.
1900 graduated from the Riga Polytechnic Institute; studied photography under Professor F. Schmidt in Karlsruhe, Germany.
From 1903 lived in Kiev.
19051920 taught photography at the Kiev Polytechnic Institute.
From 1906 head of department, Kiev Branch of the Imperial Russian
Technical Society.
19061911 chairman of the Daguerre Society of Amateur Photographers.
1910s published over forty works on photography in Russian, German
and English.
19111915 joint editor and head of art section of the magazine
Vestnik Fotografii; founder of the Kiev Art Salons, honorary member
of the Russian Photographic Society.

183

1920 , 1930
;
- .
1940 .

1870, 19
.
1877 ; 1880 .
, 1882 . . 1884 .
.
1885 .
1892 .
1893 -; . ,
.
. ,
.
18941896 ;
.
1899
.
1900
; , ,
, , .
1900-
.
1908 .
1909
- ; -
.
1910 .
1913 .
1919 3-
.
1920 .
.
19201930- .
1925
.
1926
().
1934 ;
, ( 1936 .)
.
(- ) .
1941, 27 .

.
1910
(); 1912 .
19131917 ,
. .
1917 .
1922 (
).
1928 - ().
1928 .

1914 member of the Young Art group, established by . Trapani.


From 1920 taught at the Photographic Institute, from 1930 also professor of the Kiev Institute of Cinematography; headed the photo lab
of forensic examination.
1940 died in Kiev.
Lobovikov Sergei Alexandrovich
1870, 19 June born in the village Belaya, Glazov district, into an
Orthodox deacons family.
1877 entered village school, and in 1880 the Glazov Religious School,
which he quit in 1882 because of illness. In 1884 his parents died.
1885 became apprentice to a photographer in Viatka.
1892 drafted for military service.
1893 moved to St. Petersburg; became a pupil of . Bulla, and then
a retoucher in his studio. Met the photographer . Karelin, on whose
advice he began to work independently.
18941896 returned to Viatka and launched a small photo studio
of his own.
1899 took part in a competition of the St. Petersburg Photographic Society.
1900 awarded bronze medal at the Paris World Exhibition for his genre
works; travelled to Germany, Belgium, France, Switzerland and Austria.
1900s participated in many photographic contests in Russia and
abroad.
1908 established the Viatka Art Group.
1909 put much effort into the creation of the Art and History Museum
in Viatka; corresponding member of the Dresden Society for the
Development of Amateur Photography.
1910 honorary member of the London Society of Fine Arts.
1913 honorary member of the Russian Photographic Society.
1919 dispatched as photographer to the headquarters of the 3rd Army
on the Eastern front.
1920 received a safe-conduct from Narkompros. Started to lecture
at the Institute of Peoples Education.
1920s1930s exhibited in Soviet Russia and abroad.
1925 elected honorary member of the board, Viatka State Regional
Museum.
1926 became member of the Association of Artists of Revolutionary
Russia (KhRR).
1934 received academic pension for life; moved to Leningrad, where
he worked until 1936 in the photo and film laboratory of the Soviet
Academy of Sciences. Later employed in special tasks (macro- and microfilming) for the Institute of Botany, Soviet Academy of Sciences.
1941, 27 November died in Nazi-besieged Leningrad.
Savrasov Sergei Ivanovich
Date of birth unknown.
1910 full member of the Russian Photographic Society, and from 1912
member of its board.
19131917 member of the Young Art group, founded by . Trapani.
1917 on the editorial board of the magazine Vestnik Fotografii.

184


1881 .
1910- ,
; .
1910 ();
1912 . .
1910- .
1913
, 1916 .
, .
1918 ; . .
1920- ; .

.
1910 ().
1910-
;
; .
1910-
.
1913
-.
1918 .

1880 -.
1900 . ; 19001905 .

;
.
1910- - ;
,
;
.
1913 -
. ( .. ).
19131916 ,
. .
1917 .
1958 .

1885 .
1905 ;
.
19051912 .
1906 ().
1913 .
1914 . ,
. .
19151918 ;
- .
1918
, , .
1919 41- ;
.
1921 .

1922 member of the board of the Aerophoto photographic plate


factory (formerly Pobeda).
1928 founding member of the All-Russian Society of Professional
Photographers.
Died after 1928.
rapani Anatoly Ivanovich
1881 born in Odessa into a family of Italian immigrants.
Early 1910s studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and
Architecture; worked for Dore Photo Studio in Moscow.
1910 became member of the Russian Photographic Society, and from
1912 member of its board.
1910s contributed to the magazine Vestnik Fotografii.
1913 established the Young Art society, which existed until 1916.
Invented a positive process, which he called radiant gummi.
1918 emigrated to Paris; worked for the atelier of E. Markovitch.
Late 1920s moved to the U.S.; worked as cameraman in Hollywood.
Yeliseev Boris Sergeevich
Date of birth unknown.
1910 became member of the Russian Photographic Society.
Early 1910s contributed to the magazines Vestnik Fotografii and
Fotograficheskiye Novosti; published the essay On Painted
Photography; dealt with the problem of photographic terminology.
1910s took part in Russian and international photo exhibitions.
1913 published his Anthology of Practical Advices for Travelling
Amateur Photographers.
After 1918 died in Petrograd.
Sherling Miron Abramovich
1880 born in St. Petersburg.
1900 studied photography under B. Pashkevich; in 19001905,
at the Munich Photographic Institute under Eugene Smith; attended
the studio of the sculptor Emile Bourdelle in Paris.
1910s worked as freelance portrait photographer; commissioned by
The Sun of Russia to portray famous figures in the arts, sciences and politics; took part in photo exhibitions in St. Petersburg and Nizhny Novgorod.
1913 published his catalogue album M. Sherlings Exhibition
of Art Photography (Art Bureau of N.. Dobychina).
19131916 member of the Young Art group, founded by . Trapani.
After 1917 carried on as portrait photographer.
1958 died in Leningrad.
Grinberg, Alexander Danilovich
1885 born in Moscow.
1905 graduation from high school. He attended drawing classes at the
Stroganoff Institute.
19051912 studied Physics and Math at Moscow University.
1906 became a member of the Russian Photography Society.
1913 invited to teach at the Russian Photography Society.

185

19231930
( ).
19251928 ;
.
1930 .
1932 (
) 15- .
1934
.
1935
; .. .
1936 -
.
19361939 ;
- ; .
1939 .
1939 1941 -
- .
1945 ; .
1979 .

1881 .
1890-
.
1900 ,
.. .
1905 , ;
.
19071914 , , ,
, ; .
1907
.
1908 .
1910 ().
1913 ;
;
.
1914 Secession.
1915
.
1918 ;
.
19191947 ;
.
1920- ,
, ;
(),
.
19251928 .
1928
10 ; 135 ,
.
19281948
.
1931 .
1935 .
1936

1914 organized the photo-department at A. Hanzhonkov's film studio.


Work as a cinematographer. Called up to the Army.
19151918 POW in Germany. He translated several books on photochemistry.
1918 cinematographer at the Moscow studios of Haritonov, Ermolyev,
and Biofilm.
1919 cinematographer of the political department of the 41st division
of the Red Army. Afterwards he worked at the Odessa studios.
1921 work at the All-Russian Department of Cinema.
19231930 head of the film-technology faculty at GTK (State Cinema
Polytechnic).
19251928 cinematographer at the 1st Goskino Studio. Participation in
exhibitions of 'Art of Movement'.
1930 work in organizations for designing photo-labs.
1932 award from the Central Executive Committee of the USSR on the
15th anniversary of Soviet cinema.
1934 taught photography at the Moscow Society of Photographers.
1935 participation in the Masters of Soviet Photo-Art exhibition in
Moscow. He worked on the photo-design ofthe Lenin Museum.
1936 arrest and sentence to five years of labour camp as an element
dangerous to society.
19361939 served time in the NKVD camp, worked as a photographer
in the Photo-Bureau of the camp, and taught photography.
1939 released for good conduct.
19391941 work as a photographer in the museum of the former
Trinity-Sergei monastery.
1945 retirement. He continued to worked as a free-lance portraitist.
1979 died in Moscow.
Eremin, Yuriy Petrovich
1881 born in Kazanskaya on the Don.
1890 took part in short-term courses for drawing teachers
at the Noverchakasskaya Teacher's Seminary.
1900 entered Moscow Art School. A. M. Vasnetsov's class.
1905 graduated as a free artist. He worked in the Crimea.
19071914 traveled in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, France, Italy.
He began to be interested in photography.
1907 Participation in the International Exhibition of Art Photography
in Nice.
1908 Participation in an international photography exhibition in Naples.
1910 became member of the Russian Photography Society.
1913 Participation in the creative group Young Art. Interest
in engravings. Experiments with difficult photographic techniques:
bromine and gummy Arabic.
1914 opens Secession photo-studio in Moscow.
1915 called up into the Army as a photo-reporter.
1918 return to Moscow where he worked in the Moscow Department
of National Education.
19191947 series of views of Moscow; photographs of monuments
in the Moscow suburbs. 1920s taught photography at the House of

186


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Printing, Three-Hills Manufacture, Dobrolet and the House of Pioneers.


Trained a group of photographers for the Moscow Police Force.
Organised the Police Forces photo-museum.
19251928 participation in 4 exhibitions of Art of Movement.
1928 participation in the 10 Years of Soviet Photography exhibition
with 135 works. He received a first-class award.
19281948 founded and lead a circle for art photography
at the Moscow House of Scientists
1931 began teaching at the Architecture Institute.
1935 worked for Izvestia newspaper.
1936 At a discussion at the House of Cinema on the development
of photography, Eremin is harshly criticized for leaning to the right,
and returning to pictorialist traditions.
1937 Photographs of the Moscow-Volga Canal. He started to work
on Peoples of the USSR.
Late 1930s worked for the All-Soviet Agriculture Exhibition
and the TASS archive.
1948 died in Moscow.
Shockin, Leonid Vladimirovich
1895 born in the village of Kimri. His father was a shoemaker.
1910 His father gives him a photo-camera.
1912 first photos published in the magazine Russian Illustration.
1915 finished school for aerial photography. Photographed in the army
on the Austrian front.
1918 became a member of the Russian Photography Society, head
of its Kimrskoye department.
1925 participated in an international photo-exhibition in Canada.
1928 participation in the exhibition 10 years of Soviet photography.
1930 photo-correspondent of the Soyuzphoto agency.
1941 When the front reached Kimri, a large part of Shokin's archive,
over 5000 photos, was destroyed in the presence of an NKVD officer.
19411945 head of the photo lab in the army. He received two medals.
19451950 photo-reporter for Kimrskaya Life newspaper.
1962 died in Kimri.
Svishchov-Paola Nikolai Ivanovich
1874 born in Moscow into a family of a petty merchant who owned
a small linen shop; he helped in his fathers business. In 1888 his mother
died. The shop was shortly sold to ..Ovcharenko who owned a photo
studio on Tverskaya street, where Nikolay Svishchov was accepted as
assistant retoucher, then assistant to the photographer ikhail Yakovlev.
1895 opened his own studio on Sukharevsky market and practised
photography on porcelain and glass in the Aquarium garden; attended
the meetings of amateur photographers at the Russian Photographic
Society, but soon fell out with Society members, and ceased to come.
1906 rejoined the Russian Photographic Society.
1908 met the editor of the magazine Vestnik Fotografii, Nikolay
Krotkov, who offered him employment in Krotkovs studio Paola
on Kuznetsky Most; in December Svishchov bought the Paola firm

187

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and studio from Krotkov, complete with equipment.


From the early 1910s he assumed the surname Svishchov-Paola.
1910s1920s took part in photo exhibitions in Russia and abroad. Elected
member of the board of the Russian Photographic Society; he ran the Societys
photo lab, and led tours for amateur photographers in the Moscow region.
19251928 participated in Art of Movement exhibitions,
held by the State Academy of Artistic Sciences.
1928 one of the founders of the All-Russian Society of Professional
Photographers; ran practical training for public courses on photography.
Brought up several photographers for Soviet secret police (GPU).
1930s1940s directed the photo section at the Moscow Municipal
House of Pioneers.
19561957 one-man show at the Gorky Literary Institute, Moscow.
1964 died in Moscow.
Andreev, Nikolai Platonovich
1882 born in Serpuhov.
18901893 attended the local school. From the age of eight he worked
for his father, a hairdresser.
1901 began to draw and take photographs
From 1906 participation in exhibitions in Russia and abroad; opened
an studio in Serpuhov
1908 received a award at the Russian Photography Society exhibition;
he became a member of the RPS.
1909 award and favorable reviews in Dresden.
19141919 mobilized at the very beginning of the war. He fought in combat and was injured. After a stay in a hospital, he returned to Serpuhov.
1919 production designer at the Serpuhov Theatre.
1921 return to photography.
19231927 photographer at the Serpuhov Museum of History.
1924 gold medal at the Exhibition of Decorative and Applied Arts
in Paris. He re-opened his photo-studio.
19271937 photographer at the Serpuhov branch of the Institute of
Scientific Research of the Textile Industry.
1927 gold medal at an international exhibition in Zaragosa.
1928 honorary award at the 10 Years of Soviet Photography
exhibition in Moscow
1929 solo exhibition at the Serpuhov Museum of History.
1935 participation in the Masters of Soviet Photography exhibition.
1937 award at the first Pan-republican Exhibition of Photography
at the Pushkin Museum.
1946 participation in the international photo salon Focus in Amsterdam.
1947 died in Serpuhov.
Ivanov-Alliluev Sergei Kuzmich
1891 born in Petergof. Took up photography at the age of 12.
From the early 1910s permanent participant in photo shows in Russia
and abroad.
1916 publication of the colour Atlas of Fruit of the Middle Volga,
with photos by Ivanov-Alliluyev.

188

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1928
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19181920 served in the Red Army as a photographer


at the headquarters of the Urals command.
1920 moved to Moscow and joined the Russian Photographic Society.
From 1923 for over twenty years worked as photographer at various Soviet
cinema studios, i.e. Mezhrabpomfilm, Lenfilm, Mosfilm and others.
From 1930s wrote reviews for Soviet Photo magazine.
1971 published his book Photography of Landscape.
1979 died in Moscow.
Bendel Emil Sigizmundovich
1870 born in Moscow.
1900s owned a photo studio on Kuznetsky Most in Moscow.
Member of the Russian Photographic Society.
1908 the Bendel Photo Studio was awarded bronze medal
at the International Photo Exhibition in Moscow.
19261927 contributed to the Photographer magazine.
1928 headed the cultural commission of the All-Russian Society
of Professional Photographers; participated in the exhibition
Soviet Photography Over 10 Years.
1948 died in Moscow.
lepikov Piotr Vladimirovich
1884 born into a peasant family.
1897 worked as a boy in a store in Archangel. Until 1905 successively
employed as a salesman, clerk and accountant.
1901 took up photography.
1905 enlisted for military service.
1910 graduated from the Chuguyev Infantry School.
1912 graduated from the Sevastopol Flying School.
19121918 served as pilot in the army;
19181931 served in the Red Army Air Force, practising aerial
photography.
1918 took up art photography.
1924 issued his book Notes on Aerial Photography.
1928 member of the board and jury of the exhibition
Soviet Photography Over 10 years. Worked on editorial board
of the Photographer magazine issued by the All-Russian Society
of Professional Photographers, contributing numerous articles to it.
19221935 took part in many exhibitions in the USSR and abroad,
including London, New York, Batavia, Paris, Turin, Toronto, Zaragoza,
Stockholm, Pittsburgh, Vienna, Tokyo and Warsaw.
1935 worked in the Photo Department of Intourist.
1939 published his books Positive Processes and Positive Processes
with Chromium Salts.
1940s1950s employed by the State Shchusev Museum of Architecture.
1960 died in Moscow.
Ulitin, Vassily Ivanovich
1888 born in Serpuhov. In childhood he developed an interest in art
and photography.

189

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,

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.
1934 .
1935 .
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1905 graduation from a business school in Moscow.


1907 graduation from the Chemical-Technological School in Kostroma
as a colourist.
1909 work in the zinc-graphics department at I. Sitin's publishing house.
1911 began to work at Karl Fisher's photo studio, specialising
as a portraitist. He mastered difficult printing techniques: bromine,
pigment, gummy Arabic.
1919 photograph of the School for Armoured Cars.
From 1922 work as a portraitist.
19221930 participated in large-scale international photo exhibitions.
He received medals and awards in Paris, London, Berlin, LA, Toronto,
Tokyo, Bogota, Rome.
1920s member of the board of the Russian Photography Society
and the All-Russian Society of Photographers.
1926 participated in the founding of the magazine Photograph.
Member of the editorial board.
19281930 taught Basics of Mastery at trade union photo-clubs
for chemists, metallurgists, and tradesmen.
1931 organised the first photo-school at the Moscow Cooperative-Trade
Union. He began to teach photography at the Moscow Institute of Polygraphy,
where he developed the technique of three-colour positive printing, and other
complex methods of printing. Taught courses on Zinc Graphics and PhotoComposition. From 1934, lecturer at the Moscow Institute of Polygraphy.
1935 participation in the exhibition Masters of Soviet Photography.
late 1930s Arrest. He served time in labour camps and was then sent
to Balahna.
1976 died in Moscow.
Rodchenko, Alexander Mikhailovich
1891 born in St. Petersburg. His father a theatre-props maker, his
mother a laundress.
19111914 studied at the Kazan Art School, where he met his future
wife Varvara Stepanova.
1916 move to Moscow. Participation in Moscow avantgarde exhibitions.
He enrolled at the Stroganoff Art School. He is called up to the army.
1917 one of the organizers of the Union of Artists.
19181922 worked for the fine-arts department of the Peoples
Commissary for Public education as head of the Office for Museums and
as a member of the Art Collegiate. Development of a series of abstractgeometric designs.
19201924 member of Institute for Artistic Culture; co-founder of the
first Constructivist group.
19201930 professor at the College of Fine Arts. From 1922 dean
of metallurgical faculty.
1922 designed the credits for Dziga Vertovs Kinopravda. Work for
Alexey Gans Kino-Foto magazine.
from 1923 member of the group for art and literature LEF. Cover
designs for the magazines LEF and New LEF. Work in advertising with
V.Mayakovsky. Illustrations in the manner of photo-montage for
Mayakovskys poem About This. Work as a graphic designer.

190

19351941 ,
, , .
19411942 ;
.
19431950- .
,
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1954 (
) 1951 .
1956 .

1924 began to photograph: portraits, perspective views of buildings .


19261928 work in film. He designed furniture, decorations and costumes
for the films Moscow in October, The Journalist, Doll with Millions.
Editor of the Photo in Film section of the magazine Soviet Film. Wrote
articles about experimental photography for the New LEF magazine.
19291930 co-foundeer of the photo-section of the October group.
Work for the magazines Daiesh, Red Student.
1929 designed the plays Klop at the Meyerhold Theatre and Inga
at the Theatre of the Revolution.
1930 lectures on photography at the Institute of Polygraphy.
1932 photo-correspondent for Izogi, where he published a series
of views of Moscow.
1933 photo-correspondent for the construction of the Belomor-Baltic
Canal.The photographs were used in the magazine USSR under
Construction and the album Belomosstroi.
19331940 Together with V. Stepanova, he designed 20 editions
of the magazine USSR Under Construction, the photo-album 10 Years
of Uzbekistan, Moscow Rebuilt, The First Cavalry, Red Army,
Soviet Aviation, etc.
1935 artist and participant in Masters of Soviet Photography exhibition.
19351941 created a documentary series on the sports parade on Red
Square, the theatre, and the circus.
19411942 evacuated; work in the Ocherskaya Studio for agit-posters.
19431950 Together with V. Stepanova, he designed exhibitions
for Mosinformbureau, the photo albums From Moscow to Stalingrad
(unpublished), 25 Years of Kazakhstan, Central Museum of V.I. Lenin,
5 Years of Labour Reserves (gift edition), and Moscow(unpublished).
1954 reinstated as a member of the Moscow Department of Soviet
Artists, after expulsion in 1951.
1956 died in Moscow.

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Fondazione Scientifica
Querini Stampalia
Onlus
Consiglio di Presidenza
Presidente
Marino Cortese
Vice presidente
Ignazio Musu
Consiglieri
Davide Croff
Antonio Foscari
Domenico Siniscalco
Giuseppe Suppiej
Francesco Valcanover

Revisori dei conti


Roberto Parro
Giancarlo Tomasin
Ente tutore
Istituto Veneto di Scienze
Lettere ed Arti
Leopoldo Mazzarolli, Presidente
Direttore
Chiara Rabitti
Marigusta Lazzari
Federico Acerboni
Cristina Celegon
Antonio Fancello
Babet Trevisan
Andrea Bellemo
Gabriella Berardi
Tiziana Bottecchia
Lucia Marina Broccato
Marcellino Busato
Barbara Colli
Elisabetta Dal Carlo
Francesco Dilibra
Massimo Donaggio
Neda Furlan
Angelo Mini
Angela Munari
Barbara Poli
Barbara Rossi
Marta Savaris
Anna Francesca Valcanover
Federica Benedetti
Chiara Bertola
Sara Bossi
Alessandra Breda
Dora De Diana
Alvise Rabitti
Giovanni Rosa
Onorato Zustovi
Elena Bentini
Claudia Brisotto
Annamaria Colonna
Elisa Cucco
Elisabetta Favaretto
Marco Peri
Giorgia Pin