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9

. 9
.. ., .: , 1999 .

1.

) f(1)=3(1)2+10=7;
) f(0)=3+10=302+10=10;
1
1
1
2
) f( )=3( )2+10=3 +10= 9 .
9
3
3
3

2.
0 0,5 0,5
=
= 1 ;
0 + 0,5 0,5
1,5 0,5 1
= ;
) f(1,5)=
1,5 + 0,5 2
1 0,5 1,5
) f(1)=
=
= 3.
1 + 0,5 0,5

) f(0)=

3.

) f(5)=5310=12510=115.
) f(4)=4310=6410=54.
) f(2)=2310=810=2.
) f(3)=(33)10=2710=37.

4.

1) (0)=02+0+1=1;
2) (1)=12+1+1=3;
3) (2)=22+2+1=4+2+1=7;
4) (3)=32+3+1=9+3+1=13;
(0)+(1)+(2)+(3)=02+0+1+12+1+1+22+2+1+32+3+1=1+3+7+13=24.

5.
11
=2,2.
5
4
) 5x+6=3; 5x=6+3; 5x=9; x=1 .
5
1
) 5x+6=0; 5x=6; x=1 .
5

) 5x+6=17; -5x=176; x=

6.
) x(x+4)=0; x1=0, x+4=0; x2=4.
x + 1 = 0
x +1
=0;
; x=1.
)
5 x
5 x 0
2

7.
4
=1;4=1(6+x); 4-6=x; x=2.
6+ x
4
)
=0,5; 4=-0,5(6+x); 8=6x; x=14.
6+ x
4
)
=0; 4=(6+x)0; 4=0; .
6+ x
)

8.
) 0,5x4=5, 0,5x=1, x=

1
, x=2.
0,5

4
, x=8.
0,5
6,5
) 0,5x4=2,5, 0,5x=6,5, x =
, x=13.
0,5

) 0,5x4=0, 0,5x=4, x =

9.
) .
) .
) 5x0, x5. , 5.
) (4)(+1)0; x40; x4 x+10; x1.
, x=5; x=1.
) x2+1=0 . .
) 50; 5. : 5.

10.
) y=10x;

) y=

6
5 x 35

11.
) .
) 1+x0; x1. x=1.
) 9+x0; 9. x9.

12.
) g(4)=3; g(1)2; g(1)=3; g(5)=3;
) g()= 1,3, 4,4; g()=4 =3; g()=0 =5, =0;
) 6 =3; 4 =3.
) : [4; 6].
3

13.
) D(f)=(; ); E(f)=(; ).
) D(f)=(; ); E(f)=(; ).

) D(f)=(; 0) (0; ); E(f)=(; 0)(0; ).


) D(f)=(; 0) (0; ); E(f)=(; 0)(0; ).

14.

1) y=x2: D(y)=R, E(y)=[0;+].


2) y=x3: D(y)=R, E(y)=R.
3) y= x : D(y)=[0:+), E(y)=[0;+).

15.
) y=

2
;
x

) y=

2
;
x

) y=

x
;
2

) y=

x
2;
2

) =2

x
.
2

16.
x=0 y=1, x=

1
y=0, ,
2

y=2x1.

17.

) |x|=3,5 =3,5 x=3,5; ) |x| <2 (2; 2);


) ||4 [4;) x(; 4].
x=0 0;
; ()=[0; +).
4

18.
) E(f)=(8; 8); [3; 3]
x
3
2
y
8
3

1
7

) E(f)=(0,5; 8); x[1,5; 6]


x
0
1,5
1
y
8
4
2

0
0

1
7

1
4
3

3
4
5

2
8

4
2
3

3
3

5
4
7

6
1
2

19.
(20)=220+20=60;
(40)=100;
(50)=100;
2
2
(60)= 60+140=40+140=100; (90)= 90+140=60+140=80.
3
3

[0, 40] , [40; 60]


, [60; 150] .
5

20.
s(0)=150=0; s(1)=151=15; s(1,4)=17,5; s(2)=122+35,524=11,5.

1 10 , 20 , 1 .

21.

) 0,5(3x4)+15x=4(1,5x+1)+3; 1,5x+2+15x=6x+4+3; 7,5=5;


2
5
=
= .
7,5 3
) (2x3)(2x+3)x2=12x69+3x2; 4x26x+6x9x2=12x69+3x2;
2
4x x23x212x=969; 12x=60; x=5.

22.
) 6x23x=0; 3x(2x1)=0; 3=0; x1=0 2x1=0; x2=

1
.
2

) x2+9x=0; x(x+9)=0; x1=0, +9=0; x2=9.


) x236=0; x2=36; x1,2= 36 ; 1=6; 2=6.
1
) 5x2+1=0; 5x2=1; x2= . , ..
5
.
) 0,5x21=0; 0,5x2=1; x2=2; x1,2= 2 ; x1 = 2 ; x2 = 2 .
1
0,6
) 0,6x+9x2=0; x(0,6+9x)=0; x2=0; 9+0,6=0; x =
; x1= .
9
15

23.
) x2+7x+12=0; D=724112=1; x1,2=

7 1 7 1
=
; x1=4,
2 1
2

x2=3.

2 12
x1=5, x2=7.
2
57
1
) 2x25x3=0; D=(5)242(3)=49; x1,2=
, x1= , x2=3.
2
4
8 2
2
) 3x28x+5=0; D=(8)2435=4; x1,2=
, x1=1, x2=1 .
6
3
) x22x35=0; D=(2)241(35)=144; x1,2=

24.
) [0;6];
) [14;16];
) [6;14].

25.

0 13 20
100, 70 13 28 .
28 .
100.

26.

) f(x)=0 x=5; 3; 1; 4.
) f(x)>0 7x<5, 3<<1 4<5; f(x)<0 5<<3
1<<4.
) f(x) 4<<1 2<<5, 7<<4
1<<2

27.
g() [5; 5];
[5; 0) (2; 5], (0; 2), [5; 3),
3<5, =3 . g(5)=4, g(5)=6.

28.
4 . g(x)=0 =8; 2; 4; 8.
) g()<0 [10; 8)(2; 4)(8; 10].
) g() (5; 0)(6; 10).

29.

30.
y

y
5

1
4

31.
) 0,8x+12=0; 0,8x=12; x =

)
12
= 15 .
0,8

) (3x10)(x+6)=0; 3x10=0, x+6=0; .. x1=3

1
; x=6.
3

) 4+2x=0 x2+50; 2x=4; x=2.


) .

32.
) 2,1x70=0 (x=33

1
), ,
3

.
) 4x(x2)=0 2 (x=0 x=2), ,
.
6 x
)
=0 (x=6), x
, .

33.
1)

) f(x)=0,7x+350
f(x)=0 0,7x+350=0;

0,7x=350;

350
= 500 .
x=
0,7

2)

f(x)>0

500

0,7x+350>0;

0,7x+350>0;

350
= 500 .
0,7x>350; x<500; x <
0,7

3) f(x)<0 0,7x+350<0; 0,7<350; >500.


) f(x)=30x+10

1
10
= .
30
3
1
10
2) f(x)>0 30+10>0; 30>10; >
= .
30
3
1
10
3) f(x)<0 30+10<0; 30<10; <
= .
30
3

1) f(x)=0 30x+10=0; 30x=10; x=


1
3

34.
y=8x5 (k=8>0) ;
=3x+11 (k=3<0) ;
y=49x100 (k=49<0) ;
y=x+1 (k=1>0) ;
y=1x (k=1<0) .

35.
) y=1,5x3 ,
.
1) y=0 1,5x3=0; 1,5x=3; x=2.
3
2) y>0 1,53>0; x >
; >2.
1,5
3
3) y<0 1,53<0; 1,5<3; x <
; <2.
1,5
4) k=1,5>0 .

) y=0,6x+5 ,

5
1
=8 .
0,6
3
5
1
; x<8 .
2) y>0 0,6x+5>0; 0,6x>5; <
0,6
3
5
1
; x>8 .
3) y=0 0,6x+5<0; 0,6x<5; x>
0,6
3
1) y=0 0,6x+5=0; 0,6x=5; x=

36.
) y=1,6x , k>0
1) y=0 x=0
2) y>0 x>0
3) y<0 x<0
4)
) y=0,4x
, k<0
1) y=0 x=0
2) y>0 x<0
3) y<0 x>0
4)

37.
78
; x=6.
13
78
) f(x)>0 13x78>0; 13x>78; x> ; x>6.
13
78
) f(x)<0 13x78<0; 13x<78; x< ; x<6.
13
k=13>0 .
) f(x)=0 13x78=0; 13x=78; x=

38.

y=x2; D(y)=R, E(y)=[0; +); y=0 x=0; y>0 x0;


x>0 x<0.
y=x3; D(y)=R, E(y)=R; y=0 x=0; y>0 x>0; y<0 x<0;
x.
y= x ; D(y)=[0; +), E(y)=[0; +); y=0 x=0; y>0 x;
xD(y).
y=|x|; D(y)=R, E(y)=[0; +); y=0 x=0; y>0 x0;
x>0 x<0.
10

39.
3
x
1) x0 ;
2) k=3>0 y>0 >0;
3) k=3>0 y<0 <0;
4) k=3>0 (; 0)(0; ).
) y=

4
x
1) y0 ;
2) k=4<0 y>0 <0;
3) k=4<0 y<0 >0;
4) k=4<0 (; 0)(0; ).

) y=

40.

) 0,6x23,6x=0; 0,6x(x6)=0; x1=0 x6=0; x1=6.


) x25=0; x2=5; x1,2= 5 ; x1 = 5 ; x2 = 5 .
) 2x2+17x=0; x(2x+17)=0; x=0 2x+17=0; x2=0, 2x=17;
17
x= ; x1=8,5.
2
9
. , .. ) 0,5x2+9=0; 0,5x2=9; x2=
0,5
.
11

41.
) g(2)=
) g(2)=

1
2

2 +5

1
1
1
1
1
= ; g(2)=
=
= g(2)=g(2).
2
4+5 9
( 2) + 5 4 + 5 9

2
2
2
2
= ; g(2)=
= ; .. g(2)>g(2).
2
9
9
2 +5
(2) + 5
2

) g(2)= 2 = 2 = 2 ; g(2)= (2) = 2 = 2 ; .. g(2)<g(2).


2
2
2 +5

4+5

(2) + 5

4+5

42.

) 4xx3=x(4x2)=(4x2)x=(2+x)(2x)x.
) a4169a2=(a2169)a2=(a+13)(a13)a2.
) 382=(8)c2.

43.

x26x+7=0; D=(6)2417=8;
6 8
; x1=3+ 2 , x2=3 2 . ,
x1,2=
2
3 2 .

44.
1 5
; x1=3, x2=2.
2
93
1
2
; x1= , x2= .
) 9x29x+2=0; D=(9)2492=9; x1,2=
18
3
3

3
+
5
) 0,2x2+3x20=0; D=3240,2(20)=25; x1,2=
x1=5, x2=20.
0,4
) 2x2x0,125=0, 16x2+8x+1=0; D=42481=0;
8 0
1
x1,2=
= .
32
4
0,4
2
) 0,1x +0,4=0; 0,1x2=0,4; 2=
; x2=4; , ..
0,1
.
) 0,3x2+1,5x=0; 3x=0; 1=0; 5=0; 2=5.
) x2+x6=0; D=1241(6)=25; x1,2=

45.
) 10x2+5x5=0; 2x2+1=0; D=1242(1)=9; x1,2=

12

1 3
;
4

x1=

1 3
2 1
= 1, x2= = .
4
4 2

6+0
=3.
2
2 20
) x22x4=0; D=(2)241(4)=20; x1,2=
; x1=1 5 ,
2
x2=1+ 5 .
) 2x2+12x18=0; x26x+9=0; D=(6)2419=0; x=

) 12x212=0; 12(x21)=0; 21=0; 2=1; = 1 ; x1=1, x2=1.

46.

) D=(8)2453=4>0, .
) D=62491=0, .
) D=62472=20<0, .
) D=5243=13>0, .

47.
) D=1644(3)=64>0. D=(4)24(4)3=64>0; .
) D=16443=32<0; .
) D=144494=0; .
) D=14449(4)=288>0; .

48.

) x26x2=x22x3+32322=(x3)211
) x2+5x+20=x2+2x2,5+(2,5)2(2,5)2+20=(x+2,5)2+13,75.
) 2x24x+10=2(x22x+5)=2(x22x1+1212+5)=2(x1)2+8.
1
1
1
1
) x2+x6= (x2+2x12)= (x2+21+121212)= (x+1)26,5.
2
2
2
2

49.

) x210x+10=x22x5+5252+10=(x5)215.
3 9 9
13
3
) x2+3x1=x2+2x + 1=(x+ )2 .
2
2 4 4
4
) 3x2+6x3=3(x2+2x1)=3(x2+2x1+12121)=3(x+1)26.
1
1
1
1
) x2x+2= (x24x+8)= (x22x2+2222+8)= (x2)2+1.
4
4
4
4

50.

) x26x+10=x22x3+3232+10=(x3)2+1>0.
) 5x210x+5=5(x22x+1)=5(x1)20.
) 2+20x100=(x220x+100)=(x10)20.
13

) 2x2+16x33=2(x28x+
+

33
33
)=2(x22x4+4242+ )=2((x4)2+
2
2

1
)=2(x4)21<0.
2

51.

1) x26x+11=x22x3+3232+11=(x3)2+2>0.
2) x2+6x11=(x26x+11)=((x3)2+2)<0

52.

2x24x+6=2(x22x+3)=2(x22x1+1212+3)=2((x1)2+2)=2(x1)2+4.
x=1 2x24x+6 ,
21241+6=24+6=4.

53.
1 2
1
1
1
x +2x+4= (x2+6x+12)= (x2+2x3+3232+12)= ((x+3)2+3)=
3
3
3
3
1
1
= (x+3)2+1. x=3 x2+2x+4 3
3
1
, ( 3)2 + 2( 3) + 4 = 1 .
3

54.
x ,
(6x) . 1
1
: S(x)= x(6x)= x2+3x. 2
2
1
: x2+3x=
2
1 2
1
= (x 6x+99)= ((x3)29)=
2
2
1
2 9
= (x3) + . 2
2
x=3, ,
.

55.
h(t):
5t2+50t+20=5(t210t4)=5(t210t+25254)=5(t5)2+529.
t=5 5t2+50t+20 . h=h(5)=525+250+20=270125=145 ().
14

56.
0,5 x 1
1
=0; 0,5x1=0, 0,5=1; =
; x=2.
0,5
6
0,5 x 1
1
; x>2.
>0; 0,5x1>0, 0,5x>1, x >
) f(x)>0
0,5
6
0,5 x 1
1
; x<2.
<0; 0,5x1<0, 0,5x<1, x <
) f(x)<0
0,5
6

) f(x)=0

57.
) l(0)=60, l(25)=60(l+0,00001225)=60(1+0,0003)=60+0,018=
=60,018; l(25)l(0)=60,01860=0,018 ().
) l(25)=60,018,l(50)=60(l+0,00001250)=60(1+0,0006)=60+0,036=
=60,036; l(50)l(25)=60,036-60,018=0,018 ().

58.

) 3(x+4)2=10x+32; 3(x2+8x+16)=10x+32; 3x2+24x+48=10x+32;


2
14 4
; x1=2 , x2=2.
3x2+14x+16=0; D=1424316=4; x1,2=
6
3
) 31x+77=15(x+1)2; 31x+77=15(x2+2x+1); 31x+77=15x2+30x+15;
1 3721
; x1=2,
15x2x62=0; D=(1)2415(62)=3721; x1,2=
30
1
x2=2 .
15

59.

) ab+3b5a15=5(a+3)+b(a+3)=(b5)(a+3).
) 2xyy+8x4=4(2x1)+y(2x1)=(4+y)(2x1).

60.
)

3x224x+21=0;

x28x+7=0;

D=(8)2417=36;

x2=

24 + 6
=5. 3x224x+21=3(x3)(x5).
6

5x2+10x15=0;

x2=

2 + 4
=1. 5x2+10x15=5(x+3)(x1).
2

x2+2x3=0;

D=2241(3)=16;

x1=

x1=

24 6
=3,
6

2 4
=3,
2

15

1
1 2 1
x + x+ =0; x2+3x+2=0; D=32412=1;
6
2
3
3 + 1
1 1
1 2 1
=1. x + x+ = (x+2)(x+1).
x2=
6
2
3 6
2
)

x212x+24=0;

D=(12)24124=48;

x1=

x1=

3 1
=2,
2

12 4 3
=62 3 ,
2

12 + 4 3
=6+2 3 . x212x+24=(x6+2 3 )(x62 3 ).
2
y216y+15=0;
D=(16)24115=196;
)
y2+16y15=0;

x2=

16 196
=1,
2
=(1y)(y15).
y1=

y2=

16 + 196
=15.
2

y2+16y15=(y1)(y15)=

) x28x+9=0; x2+8x9=0; D=8241(9)=100; x1=

8 100
=9,
2

8 + 100
=1. x28x+9=(x+9) (x1) = (x+9) (1x).
2
5 +1 3
5 1
=1, x2=
) 2x25x+3=0; D=(5)2423=1; x1=
= .
4
2
4
3
3
2
2x 5x+3=2(x )(x1)=2(x1)(x )=(x1)(2x3).
2
2
2 + 64 3
2 64
2
2
= , y2=
=1.
) 5y +2y3=0; D=2 45(3)=64; y1=
10
10
5
3
3
5y2+2y3=5(y )(y+1)=5(y+1)(y )= =(y+1)(5y3)
5
5
5 81
) 2x2+5x+7=0; 2x25x7=0; D=(5)242(7)=81; x1=
=1,
4
7
5 + 81 7
x2=
= . 2x2+5x+7=2(x+1) (x )=(x+1)(72x).
4
2
2
x2=

61.
1
1
1
1
1
=2(x2x+ )=2(x22 x + )=2(x )2
4
2
2
4
2
) 9x2+12x4=(9x212x+4)=((32x)2223x+22)=(3x2)2.
) 16a2+24a+9=((4a)2+234a+32)=(4a+3)2.
) 0,25m22m+4=((0,5m)222m0,5+22)=(0,52)2.
) 2x22x+

16

62.
) 2x2+12x14=0; x2+6x7; D=6241(7)=64; x1=
7, x2=

6 64
=
2

6 + 64
=1. 2x2+12x14=2 (+7) (x1).
2

) m2+5m6=0; m25m+6=0; D=(5)2416=1; m1=

5 1
=2,
2

5 +1
=3. m2+5m6=(m2)(m3)=(2m)(m3).
2
5 7
5 + 7 1
=2, x2=
= .
) 3x2+5x2=0; D=5243(2)=49; x1=
6
6
3
1
3x2+5x2=3(x+2)(x )=(x+2)(3x1).
3
13 5 2
13 + 5 3
2
= , x2=
= .
) 6x 13x+6=0; D=(13)2466=25; x1=
3
2
12
12
2
3
2
6x 13x+6=6(x ) (x )=(3x2) (2x3).
3
2

m 2=

63.
)

10x2+19x2=0;

D=192410(2)=441;

x1= 19 21 =2,
20

x2= 19 + 21 =0,1. 10x2+19x2=10(x0,1)(x+2).


20
) 0,5x25,5x+15=0; x211x+30=0; D=(11)24130=1; x1=
x2=

11 + 1
=6. 0,5x25,5x+15=0,5(x6)(x5).
2

11 1
=5,
2

64.

) 3y2+3y+11=0; D=324(3)11=141>0. .
) 4b2 9b+7=0; D=(9)2447=31<0. .
) x2 7x+11=0; D=(7)24111=5>0. .
) 3y2 12y+12=0; D=(12)24312=0. .

17

65.
1
) 1) 3x2+2x1=0; D=2243(1)=16; x1= 2 4 =1, x2= 2 + 4 = .
3
6
6
1
2
3x +2x1=3(x ) (x+1)= (x+1) (3x1).
3

2)

4x + 4

3x + 2 x 1

4( x + 1)
4 .
=
( x + 1)(3 x 1) 3 x 1

) 1) 2a25a3=0; D=5242(3)=49; a1=

57
1
5+ 7
= , a2=
=3;
2
4
4

1
) (a3) = (2a+1) (a3).
2

2a25a3=2(a+

2
2) 2a 5a 3 = (2a + 1)(a 3) = 2a + 1

3a 9

3(a 3)

) 1) b2b12=0; D=(1)241(12)=49; a1=


b2b12= (b+3) (b4).
2)

16 b 2
2

b b 12

1+ 7
1 7
=3, a2=
=4;
2
2

(4 + b )
(4 b)(4 + b)
=
(b + 3)
(b + 3)(b 4)

) 1) 2y2+7y+3=0; D=72423=25; y1=

1
7 5
7 + 5
=3, y2=
= ;
2
4
4

1
)= (y+3) (2y+1).
2
2
2) 2 y + 7 y + 3 = ( y + 3)(2 y + 1) = 2 y + 1 .
( y 3)( y + 3)
y 3
y2 9

2y2+7y+3=2 (y+3) (y+

)
p2=

1)

p211p+10=0;

D=(11)24110=81;

p1=

11+ 9
=10; p211p+10= (p1) (p10).
2

2) p2+8p+20=0; p28p20=0; D=(8)24(20)=144; p1=


p2=

11 9
=1,
2

8 + 12
=10; p2+8p+20= (p+2) (p10).
2
p 2 11 p + 10 ( p 1)( p 10)
p 1
.
=
=
2
( p 10)( p + 2)
p+2
20 + 8 p p

18

8 12
=2,
2

66.
) 1) x211+24=0; D=(11)24124=25; x1=
11 5
=3.
2
x 2 11x + 24 ( x 8)( x 3) x 3
2)
=
=
( x 8)( x + 8) x + 8
x 2 64

11 + 5
=8,
2

x2=

)
y2=

2y2+9y5=0;

1)

D=9242(5)=121;

y1=

9 11
=5,
4

1
9 + 11 1
= . 2y2+9y5=2 (y+5) (y )= (y+5) (2y1).
2
2
4

2)

2y2 + 9y 5
2

4y 1

( y + 5)(2 y 1)
y+5
.
=
(2 y 1)(2 y + 1) 2 y + 1

67.
) 1) x27x+6=0; D=(7)2416=25; x1=

7 + 25
7 25
=1, x2=
=6.
2
2

x27x+6=(x1) (x6).
36 x 2
(6 x)(6 + x)
6+ x
x+6
.
2)
=
=
=
2
( x 1)( x 6) ( x 1) 1 x
6 7x + x
6 + x 9 + 6 3
=
x=9,
=
= 0,3 .
1 x 1 (9) 10
6 + x 99 + 6 93
=
=
= 0,93 .
1 x 1 ( 99) 100

x=99,
x=999,
)
x2=

x + 6 999 + 6 993
=
=
= 0,993 .
1 x 1 (999) 1000

4x2+8x32=0;

1)

D=8244(32)=576;

x1=

8 24
=4,
8

8 + 24
=2. 4x2+8x32=4 (x+4) (x2).
8

2)

4 x 2 + 8 x 32
2

4 x 16

x=1,

4( x + 4)( x 2) x + 4
=
4( x 2)( x + 2) x + 2

x + 4 1 + 4
=3.
=
x + 2 1 + 2

19

x+4 5+4
2
=
=1
x+2 5+2
7
x + 4 10 + 4
1
x=10,
=
=1 .
x + 2 10 + 2
6
x=5,

68.
=: x(;+) .
x 2 6x + 8
y=
x=2; x2
x26x+8=0: D=(6)2418=4, x1=2, x2=4 x26x+8=(x
x 2 6 x + 8 ( x 4)( x 2)
=
x2
2)(x4).
x2
x2
y=x4 , =2.

69.
)

x 2 1
11x11=0; x 2 1 22 x 22 =0, x222x23=0; D=(22)2
2

22 24
22 + 24
=1, x2=
=23.
2
2
3( x 2 + x) 2(8 x 7)
x 2 + x 8x 7
=0;
=0, 3x2+3x16+14=0;
)

2
3
6
1
13 1
13 + 1
x213x+14=0; D=(13)24114=1; x1=
=2, x2=
=2 .
3
6
6
41(23)=576; x1=

70.

) 4x26x+2xy3y=3(2x+y)+2(2x+y)= (2x3) (2x+y).


) 4a3+2b32a2b4ab2=4a(a2b2)+2b(b2a2)=4a(a2b2)2b(a2b2)=
2
=(a b2)(4a2b)=2(ab)(a+b)(2ab).

71.
6- 0 6,2 , 12- 4 .

72.
f(x) , III, II I , g(x)
, II, I IV . , II, I .
f(0)=2,1<g(0)=3 II . , I .
20

73.
x
y

0
0

2
1

2
1

4
4

3
9
4

3
9
4

4
4

1
2,52 = 1,5625 ;
4
=1,5; =0,5625; =3,5; =3,0625.
) y=5 x4,6 4,6. y=3
x3,4 3,4. y=2 2,8 2,8.
) (; 0] ; [0; )
.
)

=2,5;

y=

74.
x

1
2
y
0
2
8
8
2
1

2
) =1,5 4,5. =0,6 0,7.
=1,5 4,1.
) =1,5 0,9 0,9. =3
1,2 1,2. =1,5 1,6 1,6.
) (; 0] ; [0; )
.

75.
1) x 0
y1 0

1
1

2) x 0
y2 0

1
1,8

2
4

3 1 2 3
9 1 4 9
2
7,2

1
1,8

2
7,2

3) x 0
y3 0

1 2 3 1 2 3
1
1 3
1 3 1
1
1
3
3
3
3
y2(0,5)>y1(0,5)>3(0,5);
y2(1)>y1(1)>3(1);
y2(2)>y1(2)>3(2).

21

76.
1) x 0 1
y1 0 0,4

2
1,6

3
3,6

1
0,4

2
1,6

3
3,6

2) x 0 1
2
3
1 2 3
y2 0 0,4 1,6 3,6 0,4 1,6 3,6
(1)=[0;); (2)=(; 0].

77.
) 1) =0 =0;
2) 0, <0;
3) ()=();
4) (; 0],
[0; );
5) =0
=0;
6) ()=(; 0].
) 1) =0 =0;
2) 0 >0;
3) ()=();
4) (; 0], [0; );
5) =0 =0;
6) ()=[0; ).

78.
) 1) =0 =0;
2) 0, >0;
3) ()=();
4) (; 0], [0; );
5) =0 =0;
6) ()=[0; ).
) 1) =0 =0;
2) 0 <0;
3) ()=();
4) (; 0], [0; );
5) =0 =0;
6) ()=(; 0].
22

79.

) =22; =50. : 50=22; x2=25; x=5 x=5. .


) =22; =100. : 100=22; x2=50; x=5 2 x=
5 2 . .
) =22; =8. : 8=22; x2=4. , .. . .
) =1420; =22. : 2x2=14x20; 2x214x+20=0;
7+3
73
=5 x=
=2. x=5
x27x+10=0; D=49410=9; x=
2
2
y=14520=50. .

80.

) y(1,5)=(100)(1,5)2=225 ;
) y(3)=(100)(3)2=900 ;
) y(2)=10022=400400 .

81.

y=x2; =2x3. : 2x3=x2; x2+2x3=0;


2 + 4
2 4
D=44(3)=16; x1=
=1, x2=
=3.
2
2

=1
=(3)2=9.

=12=1;

=3

82.

S ,
(.. r2 ),
(0, 0). r0 S(r) (r0)
=2.
x
1
2
3
S
4 9
23

) S(1,3)5,3, S(0,8)2, S(2,1)13,8.


) S(r)=1,8 r0,7, S(r)=2,5 r0,9, S(r)=6,5 r1,5.

83.
.
, ; S(x)=6x2. x , x0. , =S(x) y=6x2, .

24

1
3
1
5
1
2
2
3
2
3
6
2
3
1
2
16
13
24
y
0
3
2
2
3
) S(0,9)4,9; S(1,5)13,5; S(1,8)19,5;
) S(x)=7 x1,2; S(x)=10 x1,3; S(x)=14 x1,6.
x

84.

) 3x28x+2=0; D=(8)2432=40>0. .
1
) y2+6y18=0; y212y+36=0; D=(12)241(36)=0. 2
.
) m23m+3=0; D=(3)2413=3<0. .

85.
)
a2=

1)

10a2a2=0;

D=(1)2410(2)=81;

a1=

2
1 81
= ,
5
20

2
1
1 + 81 1
= ; 10a2a2=10 (a+ )(a )= (5a+2) (2a1).
20
2
5
2
2a 1
(2a 1)
1
2)
=
=
10a 2 a 2 (2a 1)(5a + 2) 5a + 2
) 1) 6a25a+1=0; D=(5)2461=1; a1=

6a25a+1=6 (a
2)

1
1
)(a )= (3a1) (2a1).
3
2

6a 2 5a + 1
1 4a 2

5 +1 1
5 1 1
= , a2=
= ;
12 3
2
12

(2a 1)(3a 1)
(3a 1) 1 3a
.
=
=
(2a 1)(2a + 1)
(2a + 1) 1 + 2a

86.

(x+3)2(x3)2=(x2)2+(x+2)2; x2+6x+9x2+6x9=x24x+4+x2+4x+4;
x +6x+9x2+6x9x2+4x4x24x4=0; 2x2+12x8=0; x26x+4=0;
2

D=(6)2414=20;

x1=

6 + 20
= 3+ 5 ;
2

x2=

6 20
= 3 5 ,
2

25

87.

88.
y=x2
y=(x5)2
y=(x+3)2

y=x2+3
y=x24

89.
y=x2+2

y=x2

y=(x+4)2

y=x21

26

y=(x3)2

90.

) y=10x2+5 ,
y=10x2 5 . , y=10x2+5 I II .
) y=7x23 y=7x2 3 . , y=7x23 III IV .
) y=6x2+8 ,
y=6x2 8 . , y=6x2+8 .
) y=(x4)2 ,
y=x2 4 . y=(x4)2 I II .
) y=(x8)2 y=x2
8 , , y=(x8)2 III IV .
) y=3(x+5)2 y=x2
5 3 , III . IV .

91.
(x+3)2

(x+3)2

27

92.

93.
y=(x2)2+3
y=x2

y=(x3)2+5

94.
y=(x+3)24
y=x2

y=(x3)22

95.
1
(x+4)2 ,
3
,
x=4, y=0.
1
) y= (x4)2 ,
3
,
x=4, y=1.
) y=

28

1 2
x +4 ,
3
,
x=0, y=4.
1
) y= x22 ,
3
,
x=0, y=2.
) y=

96.
) y=12x23; : 12x23=0; 12x2=3; x2=
x1=

3 1
1
= ; x2= ,
12 4
2

1
.
2

4
. ,
6
.. .
) y=x24; : x24=0; x2=4; x2=4. , ..
.
) y=6x2+4; : 6x2+4=0; 6x2=4; x2=

97.
y=0 ax2+5=0; ax2=5; 2=
,

5
. ..
a

5
0 < 0.
a

98.

) 0,6a(a+0,3)2=0,27; 0,6aa20,6a0,090,27=0; 20,36=0;


a =0,36, , .. .
y2 2y
=0,5y(62y); y22y=2y(62y); 22=1242; y22y
)
4
12y+4y2=0;
14
5y214y=0; y(5y14)=0; y=0 5y14=0, 5=14, = =2,8.
5
2

99.
) 5x0,7<3+5,1; 53<5,1+0,7; 2<5,8; <

5,8
= 2,9.
2
29

0,5
= 0,025.
2
3,6
) 2x+4,24+7,8; 2x4x7,84,2; 23,6;
= 1,8.
2
0,5
= 0,2.
) 3x2,6>5,53,1; 35,5>3,1+2,6; 2,5>0,5; <
2,5

) 0,8x+4,551,2; 0,8x+1,254,5; 20,5;

100.

y(5)y(2)=5222=254=21. y(8)y(5)=8252=6425=39. , 2 5 8 5.

101.
4
b
=2 =2242+7=3, (2; 3) =
2a
2
=2 .
) x=

x=

5
1
b
=
= 1
2a
2 (2)
4

=2(

1
5 2
5
) 5( )2=1 ,
4
4
8

1
1
1
; 1 ) ; =1 4
4
8
.
(1

102.

1) .. 2 , =2+2+8 , .
2) :
=

b
2
=
=1; =12+21+8=9; (1; 9)
2a
2 ( 1)

; =1 .
3) x 0 2 3 1 2 4
y 8 8 5 5 0 0
30

) =2,5 6,5, =0,5 6,5, =3 7.


) =6 0,8 2,8, =0 =2 4; =2 2,2 4,4.
) =2;4 ; >0 (2; 4); <0
(; 2)(4; +).
) (; 1]; [1; +); ()=(;
9].

103.

1) =22+8+2 , .
2)

=2(2) +8(2)+2=6; =2 .
3)
x
1
3
0
4
y
4
4
2
2

x= b = 8 =
2a

22

=2;

) =2,3 5,8, =0,5 =1,5; =1,2 14,5.


) =4 =1 3; =1 0,4 3,6; =1,7
0,2 3,8.
) =2+ 3 =2 3 ; >0
(; 2 3 )(2+ 3 ;+); <0 (2 3 ; 2+ 3 ).
) (; 2], [2;+);
=2 , 6.

104.
1
3

) 1) = 24+4 , (.. x2 ).
2) : (6; 8); =6 .
3)
x
4
8
2
1
0
3
1
31

2
3

2
3

2
3

1
3

1
3

) =0 =62 6 ; 6+2 6 ;
) =0 =4;
) I, II,
IV ;
) =6;
) [6; +),
(; 6];
) =8
=6; ()=[8;+);
1
) 1) = 2+1 , 4
(.. 2 ).
2) : (2; 0); =2 .
3)
x
1
3
0
2
2
1
y
0
1
4
1
1
1
2

4
4
4
) =0 =1;
) 0 <0;
) =2;
) (; 2], [2; +);
) =2
, 0; ()=(; 0].
) 1) =2+3 ,
(.. x2 ).
2) : (1,5; 2,25); =1,5 .
3) x
3
2
1
0
1
2
3
y
0
2
2
0
4
10
18
) =0 =0;
) I, II, III ;
)
=1,5;
) (; 1,5], [1,5; +);
32

) , 2,25 =
1,5; ()=[2,25; +).

105.
1 2
+5 2
, (.. 2 ).
0
b
2) =
=
= 0;
1
2a
2
) 1) =

( )
2

1
= 02+5=5; (0; 5).
2
3)
x
1
1
2
2
0
y
4,5
4,5
3
3
5
) 1) =24 ,
(.. 2 ).
b
4
=
= 2 ; =2242=4;
2) =
2a
2 1
(2; 4).
3)
x
0
1
4
1
2
y
0
3
0
3
12
) 1) =2+69 , (.. 2 ).
2) =
(3; 0).
3)
x
y

106.

2
0

b
6
2
=
= 3 ; =3 +639=0;
2a
2 ( 1)

0
3

1
4

2
1

3
0

4
1

5
4

) 1) =0,522
,
(.. 2 ).

33

2)

b
0
=
=0;
2a
2 0,5

=0,5022=2;

(0; 2).
3)
x
y

3
2
1
0
1
2
3
0
1,5 2 1,5
0
1
1
2
2
2
2
) 1) =24+4 ,
, (.. 2 ).

4
b
= 2 =2242+4=0; (2; 0).
=
2a
2 1
3)
x
0
1
2
3
1
y
9
4
1
0
1
) 1) =2+2 ,
(.. 2 ).

2) =

b
2
=
= 1 , =12+21=1+2=1; (1; 1).
2a
2 (1)
3 2 1 0 1 2 3
15 8 3 0 1 0 3

2) =
3)

x
y
34

107.

) 1) =(2)(+4)=2+28 , (.. 2 ). :
b
2
2) =
=
= 1 , =(1)2+2(1)8=9; (1; 9).
2a
2 1
3) x 0 2 1 1 2 4 0
y 8 8 9 5 0 0 8

) 1) =(+5)=25 ,
(.. 2 ).
2) =

5
b
=
= 2,5 , =(2,5)25(2,5)=6,25; (2,5; 6,25).
2a
2 ( 1)

3)

x
1
0
1
y
4
0
6
=2,5
.

108.
,
, =26. , =0 =6 =2+6
1 2
3 =0, =6.
2
1
, = x 2 3x .
2

=6, =

35

109.
1) 3a2+5a2=0; D=5243(2)=49; a1=

5 + 7 1
5 7
= ;
=2, a2=
6
3
6

1
)(a+2)=(3a1)(a+2);
3
(1 3a ) 2
(3a 1) 2
3a 1
=
=
.
2)
2
a
a
a+2
(
3
1
)(
2
)

+
3a + 5a 2

3a2+5a2=3(a

110.

) =2+3;
E(y)=[3;+).

) =(+1)2;
E(y)=[0;+).

) =2+2;
E(y)=(; 2].

111.

) (x1)2+(x+1)2=(x+2)22x+2; x22x+1+x2+2x+1=x2+4x+42x+2;
x +1+x2+1x24x4+2x2=0;
x22x4=0;
D=(2)241(4)=20;
22 5
2+2 5
=1 5 , x2=
=1+ 5 .
x1=
2
2
2
) (2x3)(2x+3)1=5x+(x2) ; 4x291=5x+x24x+4; 3x2x14=0;
1 169
1 + 169
1
=2, x2=
=2 .
D=(1)243(14)=169; x1=
6
6
3
2

112.
, 35x () 42x () . :
35+20=4250; 7=70; =10.

113.
. 3,5 ()
4,5x () . :
3,5+4=4,54; =8.

114.

) 1) y=x2+2x48 , (..
x2 ).
36

2)

x2+2x48=0;

D=2241(48)=

=196; x1= 2+ 2 196 =6, x2= 2 2 195 =8.


3) (; 6).
) 1) y=2x27x+6
,
(.. x2 ).
2) 2x27x+6=0;
D=(7)2426=1; x1= 7 1 =1,5, x2= 7 + 1 =2.
4
4
3) (; 1,5)(2; ).
) 1) y=x2+2x+15
, (..
x2 ).
2)

x2+2x+15=0;
D=224(1)15=64; x= 2 + 8 =5 x= 2 8 =3.
2
2
3) (; 3)(5; ).
) 1) y=5x2+11x6 , (.. x2 ).
2) 5x2+11x6=0; 5x211x+6=0;
D=1124(5)(6)=1; x= 11+ 1 =1,2 = 11 1 =1.
10
10
3) (1; 1,2).
) 1) y=4x212x+9
,
(.. x2 ).
2)

4x212x+9=0;
D=(12)2449=0; x= 12 + 0 =1,5
8

3) (; 1,5)(1,5; ).
) 1) y=25x2+30x2+9 , (.. x2 ).
2) 25x2+30x+9=0; D=302
4259=0; x= 30 + 0 =0,6
50

3)

37

3) (0; 0,9).

) 1) y=10x2+9x
, (..
x2 ).
2) 10x2+9x=0; x(10x+9)=0; x=0
10x+9=0; 10x=9; x=0,9.
) 1) =2x2+7 , (..
x2 ).
2) 2x2+7x=0; x(2x+7)=0; x=0
2x+7=0; 2x=7; x=3,5.

3) ( -;0)(3,5; ).

115.

) 1) y=2x2+3x5
,
(.. x2 ).
2) 2x2+3x5=0; D=3242(5)=
=49; x= 3 + 7 =1 x= 3 7 =2,5
4

3) (; 2,5][1; +).
) 1) y=6x2+6x+36
, (..
x2 ).
2) 6x2+6x+36=0; x2x6=0
D=1241(6)=25; x= 1+ 5 =3 x= 1 5 =2
2

3) [-2; 3]

) 1) =x2+5 , (.. x2 ).
2) x2+5=0; x2=5; x= 5
x= 5

3) (; 5 ][ 5 ; +)

116.

) 1) y=2x2+13x7
,
(.. x2 ).

38

D=13242(7)=

2x2+13x=0;
=225; = 13 + 15 =0,5 = 13 15 =7.
4
4
3) (; 7)(0,5; ).
) 1) y=9x2+12x4 ,
(. x2 ).
2) 9x2+12x4=0; 9x2
2 +. 0 = 2 .
0;
D=122494=0;
x= 12 + 0x==12
12x+4=0;
D=122494=0;
18
318
3
3) (; 2 ) ( 2 ; ) .
3
3
) 1) y=6x213x+5
,
(.. x2 ).
2) 6x213x+5=0; D=132465=
=49; x= 13 + 7 = 1 2 x= 13 7 = 1 .
12
3
12
2
1
2
3) [ ; 1 ] .
2 3
) 1) y=2x25x+18=0; , (..
x2 ).
2) 2x25x+18=0; 2x2+5x18=0;

2)

D=5242(18)=169; x= 5 + 13 =2 x= 5 13 =
4

=4,5.
3) (; 4,5][2; ).
) 1) y=3x22x
,
(.. x2 ).
2) 3x22x=0; x(3x2)=0; x=0
3x2=0; 3x=2; x= 2 .
3

3) (; 0)( 2 ; ).
3

) 1) y=x2+8 , (..
x2 ).
2) 8x2=0; x2=8; x= 2 2
39

x= 2 2
3) (; 2 2 )( 2 2 ; ).

117.

) 1) y=2x2+5x+3 , (..
x2 ).
2) 2x2+5x+3=0; D=52423=1;
x= 5 + 1 =1 x= 5 1 =1,5.
4

3) (; 1,5)(1; +).
) 1) y=x2 1 1
3

36

, (..
x2 ).
2) x2 1 1 =0; x2+
3
36
1
2
+0
+ 1 + 1 =0; D= 1 4 1 =0; x= 3
=1 .
3
36
2
6
3
36
3) ; 1 1 ; +

118.

3) (4; 4).

) 1) y=x216 , (.. x2 ).
2) x216=0; (x4)(x+4)=0; x4+0;
x=4 x+4=0; x=4.
) 1) y=x23 , (.. x2 ).
2) x23=0; x2=3; x= 3
x= 3 .

3) (; 3 ][ 3 ;+).
40

) 1) y=0,2x21,8
,
(.. x2 ).
2) 0,2x21,8=0; 0,2x2=1,8; x2=9;
x=3 x=3.
3) (;3)(3;+).
) 1) =5x2 , (.. x2 ).
2) 5x2x=0;x(5x+1)=0; x=0
5x+1=0, .. 5x=1, x= 1 .
5

3) (; 1 ][ 0; +)
5

) 1) y=3x2+2x , (..
x2 ).
2) 3x2+2x=0; x(3x+2)=0; x=0
3x+2=0, .. 3x=2, x= 2
3

3) 2 ; 0
3
) 1) y=7xx2 , (.. x2 ).
2) 7xx2=0; x(7x)=0; x=0
7x=0, .. x=7.
3) (; 0)(7; +).

119.

) 1) y=0,01x21 , (..
x2 ).
2) 0,01x21=0; 0,01x2=1; x2=100;
x=10 x=10.
3) [10; 10].
) 1) y= 1 x212 ,
2
(.. x2 ).

41

2) 1 x212=0; 1 x2=12; x2=24;


2
2
x= 2 6 x= 2 6 .
3) (; 2 6 )( 2 6 ;+).
) 1) y=x2+4x , (.. x2 )
2) x2+4x=0; x(x+4)=0; x=0
x+4=0, .. x=4.
3) [4; 0].
) 1) y= 1 2 1 ,
3
9
(.. x2 ).
2) 1 2 1 =0; 1 2 = 1 ;
3
9
3
9
3
3
x2= 1 ; x=
x=
.
3
3
3
3
3
)(
;+).
3
3
) 1) y=5x22x ,
(.. x2 ).
2) 5x22x=0; x (5x2)=0; x=0
5x2=0 .. 5x=2, x=0,4.

3) (;

3) (; 0)(0,4;+).
y
x
0,5 0

120.

) 1) y=0,6x20,3x ,
(.. x2 ).
2) 0,6x20,3x=0; 0,3x(2x+
+1)=0; x=0 2x+1=0 .. 2x=1, x=0,5.
3) (; 0,5)(0; +).

)
3x2+40x+10<x2+11x+3;
2
3x +40x+10+x 11x3<0; 4x2+29x+7<0.
1) y=4x2+29x+7 , (..
x2 ).
2)

4x2+29x+7=0;
2

42

D=292447=729; x= 29 + 27 = 1 x= 29 27 =7.
8
4
8
3) (7; 1 ).
4
) 9x2x+93x2+18x6; 9x2x+93x218x+60; 6x219x+150.
1) y=6x219x+15 , (.. x2 ).
2) 6x219x+15=0; D=192360=1;
x= 19 + 1 = 1 2 x= 19 1 = 1 1 .
12
3
12
2
1
2
3) (; 1 ][ 1 ; +).
2
3
2x2+8x111<6x210x+18x30;
)
2x2+8x111<(3x5)(2x+6);
2
2
2
2x +8x1116x +10x18x+30<0; 4x 81<0.
1) y=4x281 ,
(.. x2 ).
2) 4x281=0;4x2=81;
x2= 81 , ..
4
.
3) (; +).
)
(5x+1)(3x1)>(4x1)(x+2);
15x2+3x5x1>4x2x+8x2;
2
2
2
15x 4x +3x5x8x+x1+2>0; 11x 9x+1>0.
1) y=11x29x+1 , (.. x2 ).
2) 11x29x+1=0; D=9244=37;
x= 9 + 37 x= 9 37 .
22

22
3) (; 9 37 )( 9 + 37 ; +).
22
22

121.

)
2x(3x1)>4x2+5x+9;
6x22x>4x2+5x+9;
2
2
6x 2x4x 5x9>0; 2x 7x9>0.
1) y=2x27x9 , (.. x2 ).
2

43

2) 2x27x9=0; D=7242(9)=121; x= 7 + 11 =4,5


4

x= 7 11 =1.
4
3) (; 1)(4,5; +).
) (5x+7)(x2)<21x211x13; 5x2+7x10x1421x2+11x+13<0;
16x2+8x1<0.
1) y=16x2+8x1 ,
(.. x2 ).
2)

16x2+8x1=0;
16x28x+1=0; D=824161=0; x= 8 + 0 = 1
32
4
1
1
3) (; )( ;+).
4
4

122.
) y= 12 x 3 x 2 ..
12x3x20.
1) y=3x2+12x ,
(..
x2 ).
2) 3x2+12x=0; 3x(x+4)=0; x=0 x+4=0 .. x=4.
3) [0; 4].
1
.. ) y=
2 x 2 12 x + 18
, ,
2x212x+180. 2x212x+180 2x212x+180 , 2x212x+18>0
1) y=2x212x+18 ,
(.. x2 ).
2) 2x212x+18=0; x26x+9=0; D=(6)2419=0; x= 6 + 0 =3.
2

3) (; 3)(3; +).

123.

44

) 1) y=7210+7 , (.. x2 ).
2) 7210+7=0; D=(10)2477=96<0.
3) .

) 1) y=6x2+11x10
, (..
x2 ).
2) 6x2+11x10=0; 6x211x+10=0;
D=(11)24610=119<0.
3) x .
) 1) y= 1 x28x+64 4
, (.. x2 ).
1 x28x+64=0;
2)

4
D=644 1 64=0; x= 8 +1 0 =16.
4
2

3) x .
) 1) y=9x2+6x1 , (.. x2
).
2) 9x2+6x1=0; 9x26x+1=0;
D=36491=0; x= 6 + 0 = 1 .
18
3
3) x .

124.

) 1) y=4x2+12x+9 , (.. x2 ).
2) 4x2+12x+9=0; D=144449=0;
x= 12 + 0 =1,5.
8
3) x .
) 1) y=5x2+8x5 , (.. x2 ).
2) 5x2+8x5=0; 5x28x+5=0;
D=64455<0.
3) x .

45

125.

) x2+7x+1>x2+10x1; x2+7x+1+x210x+1>0; 2x23x+2>0.


1) y=2x23x+2 ,
(..
x2 ).
2) 2x23x+2=0; D=(3)2422<0.
3) x .
) 2x2+10x<182x;2x2+10x18+2x<0; 2x2+12x18<0.
1) y=2x2+12x18 , (.. x2 ).
2) 2x2+12x18=0; x26x+9=0;
D=(6)2419=0; x= 6 + 0 =3.
2
3) 3.

126.
x ,
(x+7) ,

x(x+7)
.

x(x+7)<60; x2+7x60<0.
x2+7x60=0;
D=72+460=49+240=289;
x= 7 + 17 =5 x= 7 17 =12
2
2
y=x2+7x60 , .
x2+7x60<0 12<x<5.
x>0, 0<x<5.

127.
x , (x+5)
. x(x+5) 2 . , x(x+5)>36;
x2+5x36>0.
1) y=x2+5x36 ,
(.. x2 ).
2) x2+5x36=0; D=25
4(36)=169; x= 5 + 13 =4 x= 5 13 =9.
2

3) x>4 .
46

128.

0,5 0 2
= 2 (0; 2 ) .
3
3
3
0,5 2
2) y=0
=0; 0,5x2=0; 0,5x=2; x=4 (4; 0) 3

3) .
1) x=0 y=

129.
4 x 21 < 0,
)
x + 3,5 > 0;
5 x 9 0,
)
2 x + 7 0;

4 x < 21,
3,5<x<5,25

x > 3,5;
5 x 9,
x3,5

2 x 7;

5 x 4 10, 5 x 14,
)
1<x2,8

1 3x < 2; 3x < 3;
3x 6 > 5, 3 x > 11,
.
)

1 4 x > 8; 4 x > 7;

130.
) y4y3+0,25y2=y2(y2y+0,25)=2(2

1
1
1
2 ) =2(2 ) 2
2
2
2
2

1
1
) x3 1 x2+ 1 x=x(x2 1 x+ 1 )=(22 + ) =x(x 1 )2
2
16
2
16
4
4
4
2 2
2
2
2 2
2
2
2
2
) x y +2x 8y 16=x (y +2)8(y +2)=(y +2)(x 8)=(y +2)(x+2 2 )(x2 2 )
) 6a2b2+3b28a24b2=3b2(2a2+b)4(2a2+b)=(2a2+b)(3b24)=
=(2a2+b)(b 3 +2)( b 3 2).

131.
)

)
(;8)(5;+)

)
(; 8,5][3,5; +)

.
(10; 14)

)
[ 1 ; 1 ]
3 8

47

132.
)

)
(25; 30)

(;6)(6;+)
)

[1;1 ]
5 3

(; 6,3;][0,1; +)

133.
)

)
(; 7)(1; 4)

(2;5)(12; +)
)
(;5)(1; 0)(8;+)

134.
)

)
(48; 37)(42; )

(; 0,7)(2,8; 9,2)

135.
)

)
(; 9)(2; 15)

(6; 0)(5; +)

)
(1; 4)(8; 16)

136.
) 5(x13)(x+24)<0; ; (x13)(x+24)<0; (24; 13).
1
1
1
1
) (x+ )(x+ )0 (x+ )(x+ ) 0; 1 ; 1
7
7
3
3
3 7
) (x+12)(3x)>0; (x+12)(x3)>0; (x+12)(x3)<0; (12; 3)
1
1
) (6+x)(3x1)0; 3(x+6)(x )0; (x+6)(x )0; 6; 1
3
3
3

137.

) 2(18)(19)>0; (18)(19)>0; (; 18)(19; )


) 4(+0,9)(3,2)<0; (+0,9)(3,2)>0; (; 0,9)(3,2; )
) (7+21)(8,5)0; 7(+3)(8,5)0; (x+3)(x8,5)0; [3; 8,5]
) (8)(0,3)0; (8)(0,3)0; (8)(0,3)0; [0,3; 8]
48

138.
) .. (5x)(x+8)0; (x5)(x+8)0; (x5)(x+8)0; [8; 5]
) .. (x+12)(x1)(x9)0; [12; 1][9; +)

139.
) .. (2+5)(17)0; 2(+2,5)(17)0; (+2,5)(17)0;
(; 2,5][17; +)
) .. x(x+9)(2x8)0; 2x(x+9)(x4)0; x(x+9)(x4)0; [9;
0][4; +)

140.

) 5 <0 (5)(+6)<0; (6; 5)

+6
1,4
<0 (1,4)(+3,8)<0; (1,4)(+3,8)<0;
)
+ 3,8

(; 3,8)(1,4; +)
2 >0 2x(1,6)>0; (1,6) > 0; (; 0)(1,6; +)
1,6
5 1,5
)
>0 (51,5)(4)>0; 5(0,3)(4)>0; (0,3)(4)>0;
4

(; 0,3)(4; +)

141.

) 21 <0 (21)(+7)<0; (7; 21)

+7

) + 4,7 >0 (+4,7)(7,2)>0; (; 4,7)(7,2; +)


7, 2
6 + 1
>0 (6+1)(3+)>0; 6(+ 1 )(+3)>0; (+ 1 )(+3)>0;
)
6
6
3+

(; 3)( 1 ;+)
6

) 5 <0 5(412)<0; (412)<0; 4(3)<0; (3)<0;


4 12
(0; 3)

49

142.

1) y=x20,5x+1,5 ,
(.. x2 ).
2) : x=

0,5
b
=
=0,25;
2
2a

2
y= 1 1 1 + 3 = 23 = 1 7 .

2 4

16

16

3)

x
1
2
0
y
2
4,5
1,5
..
x=0,25, .
) x=0 =1,5.
) I II .
)
=0,25.
) (; 0,25] [0,25; ).
7
=0,25.
) 1
16
7
()=[1 ; ).
16

143.

) =32+4 =32
4 , , I II .
) =521 =52
1 , , III IV .
) =224 =22
4 , , .

144.
1
1
+
6 6 +
0)(0;+).

) =

0; 6+0; 6; D(y)=(;6)(6;

0,
0,
) = 4 ;

; D(y)=[4; +).
4 0; 4;
1
1
; 0; 1 1; D(y)=(;1)(1; 0)(0; ).
) =
1

1+
50

145.
y=10x; D(f)=[0; 7]; f(0)=0, f(7)=70; E(f)=[0; 70].

146.

:
h= 25 9 = 16 = 4 ( ).

h
4

=
= ,
AC 6

6
4

y= x =1,5x.

y=f(x)=1,5x; D(f)=[0; 4]; E(f)=[0; 6].

147.
2
8 2 10
10 2 12 3
=
=1 ;
= ;
f(8)=
=
3
8+ 2 6
10 + 2 8 2
62 4 1
10 2 8 2
= = .
f(5)= 5 2 = 7 = 2 1 ; f(10)=
=
= ; f(6)=
6+2 8 2
10 + 2 12 3
3
5+ 2 3

f(10)=

148.
) f(x)=5x2; f(x)=10 5x2=10; 5x=12; x=

12
5

) f(x)=x2; f(x)=10 x2=10; x= 10 x= 10


) f(x)=x2+1; f(x)=10 x2+1=10; x2=9; x=3 x=3.

149.
1) y: x=0 y=
2) : y=0

1
02 +1

1
2

+1

1
= =1 (0; 1)
1

=0

.
3) I II .

150.
( )
16+4=20 (/), ( )
164=12 (/).
60:20=3 (), 60:12=5 (). :
20t , t [0; 3),

l(t)= 60, t [3; 5),


60 - 12t, t [6;10].

[0;3] l(t} (
), [3; 5] l(t) 51

( ), [5; 10] l(t) (


).

151.
6

1
3

0 1

152.

2 x + 11
11
=0; 2x+11=0; 2x=11; x= .
2
10
6
=0; .
) y=0
8 0,5 x
) y=0:

) y=0

3 x 2 12
=0; 3x212=0; 3x2=12; x2=4; x1=2, x2=2.
4

153.
) y=0,01x k=0,01; , .. k < 0.
1
1
) y= +3 k= ; , .. k > 0.
7
7
) y=16x k=16; , .. k > 0.
) y=13x k=1; , .. k < 0.

154.

y=x2: D(y)=(; +); x20 x(; ) y=x2


.
y=x2+5: D(y)=(; +); x2+5>0 x(; )
y=x2+5 .
5
2x+5<0
y=2x+5: D(y)=(; +); 2x+5>0 x
2
5
x< D(y).
2
y=x3: D(y)=(; +); y0 x0 y<0 x<0
D(y).
y=x2: D(y)=(; +); y0 x(; ) .
52

y=x24: D(y)=(; +); y0 x(; )


.
y= x : D(y)=[0; +); y0 x0 .
y= x +1: D(y)=[0; +); y0 x0
.
y=x4+x2+6: D(y)=(; +); y0 x(; )
.

155.

D=(; 1]. y= 1
(D( 1 )=[1; +); D( + 1 )=[1; +).

156.
y=|x2|
=2. , ,
41,.

157.
1) =0: x>0
6
6
y= , x<0 y= .

Oy.
2) :
1
2
3
5
6
x
6 5 3 2 1
6
6
2
3
6
6
3
2
1
y
1
5
5
3) .

53

4) (; 0), (0; +), (0; +).

158.
x=102 5 x220x+80.
(102 5 )220(102 5 )+80=10040 5 +20200+40 5 +80=0. , 102 5 .

159.
4 + 8
1 2 2
=2,
x + x2=0; x2+4x12=0; D=4241(12)=64; x1=
6
3
2
4 8
x2=
=6.
2
1 2 1
1
x x =0;
6x24x3=0;
D=(4)246(3)=88;
)
2
3
4
2 + 22
2 22
, x2=
.
x1=
6
6
)

) x2+4x2
x2=

4+ 5
3
,
=0; 4x216x+11=0; D=(16)24411=80; x1=
4
2

4 5
.
2
) 0,4x2x+0,2=0; 2x25x+1=0; D=(5)2421=17; x1=

x2=

5 + 17
,
4

5 17
.
4

160.

) , (x2) (x+7)=x2+7x2x14=x2+5x14.
)

(x3 2 )(x3+ 2 )=x2(3 2 )x(3+ 2 )x+

+(3 2 )(3+ 2 )=x23x+ 2 x3x 2 x+92=x26x+7.

161.

x=0 22223, 2p3=0


3
3
3
3
p= .

p=
:
2( )x22x2( )3=
2
2
2
2
2
=3x22x=x(3x+2), x= .
3
54

162.

) 2x210x+3=0; D=(10)2423=76>0; , x1+x2=


b
10
c 3
= =
=5, x1x2= = .
a
2
a 2
1
) x2+7x2=0; x2+21x6=0; D=21241(6)=465>0;
3
, x1+x2=21, x1x2=6.
) 0,5x2+6x+1=0; D=6240,51=34>0; ,
x1+x2=12, x1x2=2.
1 2 1
1
1 2
1 1
1
x + x+ =0; D= 4 ( ) = 0 > 0 ; 3
2
2
2
2
9
3
2
, x1+x2= , x1x2=1.
3

163.
:
)

2x23x+7=2(x2 3 x+ 7 )=2(x22x 3 + 9 9 + 7 =2((x 3 )2 47 )=


2

16 16

16

=2(x 3 )25 7 .
4
8
)
2
1
3x2+4x1=3(x2 4 x + 1 )=3(x22x 2 + 4 4 + 1 )=3((x )2 )=
3
9
3 9 9 3
3
3
2 2 1
3(x ) + .
3
3
9
) 5x23x=5(x2 3 x)=5(x22x 3 + 9 9 )=5((x 3 )2
)=
5

10 100 100

10

100

=5(x 3 )2 9 .
10

20

) 4x2+8x=4(22x)=4(x22x1+11)=4((x1)21)=4(x1)2+4.

164.
) :
2+20x103=(x220x+103)=(x22x10+100100+103)=
=((x10)2+3)<0.
) :
216+65=x22x8+6464+65=(x8)2+1>0.

55

165.
)

3x24x+5=3(x2

4 5
+ )=
3 3

2 4 4 5
2
11
2
11
+ + )=3((x )2+ )=3(x )2+

3 9 9 3
3
9
3
3
2
2
; 3 . x = .
3
3
)

:
3x2+12x=(x24x)=
2
2
2
=3(x 2x2+44)=3((x2) 4)=3(x2) + +12 ; 12. = 2

3(x22x

166.
, a+b=40 a=40b,
ab=b(40b)=b2+40b=(b240b+400400)=(b20)2+400. b=20;
a=40b=4020=20.

167.

) 0,8219,85=0. : D=392,0440,8(5)=408,04;
1
1
4
1
x=25 x= ; 0,8x219,8x5= (x+ )(x25)= (4x+1) ( x5).
4
5
4
5
2 16
1
2
100
) 3,53 x+ x2=0. : D=
43,5 =
;
3
3
9
3 9
31 + 4 7
31 4 3
1
2
2
3
7
x= 23 3 = x= 23 3 = ; 3,53 x+ x2= (x )(x )=
2
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
) x2+x 2 2=0. : D=241(2)=10; x= 2 + 10

2
10 2
2 10 2
10 + 2
x=
x +x 2 2=(x
)(x
).
2
2
2
) x2x 6 +1=0. : D=6411=2; x= 6 + 2
2
6 2 2
6 2
6+ 2
x x 6 +1=(x
)(x
)
x=
2
2
2

168.
) 1) m2+6m+8=0; D=62418=4; m1=
m2+6m+8=(m+2)(m+4).
56

6 + 2
6 2
=2, m2=
=4;
2
2

2m 2 8

2)

m + 6m + 8

2(m 2 4)
2(m 2)(m + 2) 2(m 2)
.
=
=
(m + 2)(m + 4)
(m + 2)(m + 4)
m+4

) 1) 2m25m+2=0; D=(5)2422=9; m1=

53 1
5+3
=2, m2=
= ;
4
4
2

1
)=(m2)(2m1);
2
(m 2)(2m 1) 2m 1
2m 2 5m + 2
(m 2)(2m 1)
2)
=
=
=
n3
( m 2)(n 3)
mn 2n 3m + 6 n(m 2) 3(m 2)

2m25m+2=2(m2)(m

169.
)

4x23x1=0;

1)

D=(3)244(1)=25;

x1=

3+5
=1,
8

35
1
1
= ; 4x23x1=4(x1)(x+ )=(x1)(4x+1);
4
8
4
37 x 12
37 x 12
x+4
x+4
2)

=
x 1 4 x 2 3 x 1 x 1 ( x 1)(4 x + 1)
x2=

( x + 4)(4 x + 1) (37 x 12) 4 x 2 + 16 x + x + 4 37 x + 12


=
=
( x 1)(4 x + 1)
( x 1)(4 x + 1)

4( x 2 5 x + 4)
( x 1)(4 x + 1)

3)

4x220x+16=0;

x25x+4=0;

D=(5)2414=9;

x1=

5+3
=4,
2

53
=1; 4x220x+16=4(x4)(x1);
2
4( x 2 5 x + 4) 4( x 4)( x 1) 4( x 4)
=
=
4)
.
( x 1)(4 x + 1) ( x 1)(4 x + 1)
4x + 1
3 + 1
3 1
=1, x2=
=2;
) 1) x2+3x+2=0; D=32412=1; x1=
2
2
x2+3x+2=(x+1)(x+2);

x2=

2) x 1
x+2

1 x
2

x + 3x + 2

= x 1
x+2

1 x
1
=
1
= ( x 1)

+
( x + 1)( x + 2)
( x + 2) ( x + 1)( x + 2)

x +1+1
( x 1)( x + 2) x 1
=
=
(x1)
( x + 1)( x + 2) ( x + 1)( x + 2) x + 1

57

170.
) 1) x2x20=0; D=(1)241(20)=81; x1=

1 9
1+ 9
=4;
=5, x2=
2
2

x2x20=(x5)(x+4);
7 x x 2 x 2 x 20 x(7 x)( x 5)( x + 4)

2)
=
=(5)=x25x.
7x
x+4
( x + 4)(7 x)
)

1)

x2+11x+30=0;

D=1124130=1;

x1=

11+ 1
=5,
2

11 1
=6; x2+11x+30=(x+5)( x+6);
2
x 2 + 11x + 30 x + 5 ( x + 5)( x + 6)( x 5) x + 6
=
:
2)
.
=
3x 15
x 5
3( x 5)( x + 5)
3
3+5
35
=4, x2=
=1;
) 1) x23x4=0; D=(3)241(4)=25; x1=
2
2
x23x4=(x4)(x+1);
x2=

2x 2 7

2)
=

3)

x 2 3x 4

2
x +1
+

2 x 2 7 ( x + 1)( x + 1)
= 2x 7 x 1 =
=
x 4 ( x + 1)( x 4) x 4
( x 4)( x + 1)

2 x 7 ( x 2 + 2 x + 1) 2 x 2 7 x 2 2 x 1
x 2 2x 8
=
=
( x 4)( x + 1)
( x 4)( x + 1)
( x 4)( x + 1)

x22x8=0;

D=(2)241(8)=36;

x22x8=(x4)(x+2);

x1=

2+6
=4,
2

x2=

26
=2;
2

2
( x 4)( x + 2) x + 2
4) x 2 x 8 =
.
=

( x 4)( x + 1)

( x 4)( x + 1)

x +1

) 1) 3x25x+2=0; D=(5)2432=1; x1=


3x25x+2=3(x1)(x
2)
=

2 + x x2
2 5 x + 3x 2

5 +1
5 1 2
=1, x2=
= ;
6
6
3

2
)=(x1))(3x2);
3

2 + x x2
10 x
10 x
2 + x x 2 + 10 x( x 1)
=
+
=
=
3 x 2 ( x 1)(3 x 2) 3x 2
( x 1)(3 x 2)

2 + x x 2 + 10 x( x 1) 2 + x x 2 + 10 x 2 10 x
9x 2 9x + 2
;
=
=
( x 1)(3x 2)
( x 1)(3x 2)
( x 1)(3x 2)

58

3)

9x29x+2=0;

9x29x+2=9(x

D=(9)2492=9;

x1=

9+3 2
= ,
18
3

x2=

93 1
= ;
18
3

1
2
)(x )=(3x2)(3x1);
3
3

2
(3x 2)(3x 1) 3x 1
4) 9 x 9 x + 2 =
=

( x 1)(3x 2)

( x 1)(3x 2)

x 1

171.
) x=5; y=7 a52=7; 25a=7; a=

7
.
25

) x= 3 ; y=9 a( 3 )2=9; 3a=9; a=3.


1
1
1
1 1
1
1 4
=2
) x= ; y= a( )2= ; a= ; a=
2
2
2
2 4
2
2 1
10
1
) x=100; y=10 a1002=10; 10000a=10; a=
=
= 0,001.
10000 1000

172.

y
1) =0,252 6 421
12
,
2
x
(.. x ).
y=0,25x2
4
2) :
b
0
=0; y=0; (0; 0).
x=
=
2a
2 (0,25)
1
3) x 2 2 3
3
1 6
y 1 1 2,25 2,25 0,25 0,25 9
4) 0,
y(6)=9.

173.

) a>0 : y=ax2 0 E(y)=[0;+);


) a < 0 E(y)=(; 0].

174.

y=ax2; y=ax. : ax2=ax; ax2ax=0;


ax(x1)=0; x=0 x1=0; x=1. x=0
(0; 0) x=1 (1; a).

59

175.

y=7x2 5 , y=7x2+5. 8 ,
y=7(x+8)2+5.
, y=7(x+8)2+5.

176.

) =3 =3
.
=(3)3 =3
3 .
=3+4 =3
4 .
) =
= .
= + 5
= 5 .
= 1
= 1 .

177.
x, x > 0
- x, x < 0

1) y=|x|=

2)
y=|x4|
4 .
3)
y=|x4|3
y=|x4|
3
.

178.

=26+ ,

=918+=9.
60

= b = 6 =3;
2a


, .
) =4 9>4, .. c>13.
) =1 9>1 ..
>8.

179*.

b
,
4

b2
b2 b2
. (6; 12),

+c = = c
4
4
2
2
2
b
: = 6 , b=12; c b = 12 , c= b 12 , b=12,
2
4
4

c= 144 12 = 36 12 = 24 .
4

180.
, . =

16 8
8
= ;
= 4 , ..
2

=2.

181.
=2+; =0 2+=0; 2=; 2=


1) >0, 0
2) <0, 0
3) =0, =0.

182*.
M(1; 2), : 2=a+b18.
N(2; 10), : 10=4a+2b18.
a=20b; 10=4(20b)+2b18;
28=804b+2b; b=4014=26, a=2026=6.

183.

) 1) =2+215 ,
(.. x2 ).
2) :

61

=
3)

b
2
=
= 1 ; y=(1)2+2(1)15=16; (1; 16).
2a
2 1
x 3 2 1 0 1 2
y 12 15 16 15 12 7

) 1) y=0,5x23x+4 , (.. x2 ).
2) :
x=
(3;
3)

b
3
=
=3;
2a
2 0,5

1
2

1
2

y= 9 9 + 4 = ;

1
).
2

0
1
3
2
4
5
1
4
1
1

7
1,5
0
y
0
1,5
2
2
) 1) y=40,5x2 ,
(.. x2 ).
2) :
b
0
=
= 0 ; y=0+4=4; (0; 4)
x=
2a
2 (0,5)
x

.
3)
0 1 1 2
x
y
4 3,5 3,5 2
62

2
2

) 1) y=6x2x2
,
(.. x2 ).
2)

:
= b =
2a

3)

3
6
3
= 1,5 ; y=6 2 =4,5; (1,5;
2 2
2 ( 2 )

4,5).
3 1 2

1
2
0
0 8 20

4
4
0
) y=(2x7)(x+1)=2x27x+2x7=2x25x7.
1) y=(2x7)(x+1)
,
(.. x2 ).
2)

:
b
5
=1,25;
=
2a
22
1
1
1
=10 ; (1 ; 10 ).
4
8
8

=2(

5 2 5
) 5 7=
4
4

2
x
1
0
1
2
0
11
y
10 7
9
,

3)

=1

1
4

) y=(2x)(x+6)=2xx2+126x=x24x+12.
1) y=(2x)(x+6) ,
(.. x2 ).
2)

=(2)24(2)+12=16; (2; 16).


3)
x
0
1
3
4
y
15
15
12
12

2
0

4
b
=
=2;
2a
2 (1)

2
16

63

184.
) , 0,5
1
1
,
=
=
2 3 2 2 3 12
1
1
1
1
1 1 2 + 3 1
1
1 1
. y= ,
y=3
=

+
=
=
+ +
24
16 48 24 16
48
24
144 2 12
1
E(y)=[ ; +).
24

. : =

) ,
1,2
6
3
. : x=
=
= =0,3;
4
54
10
y=20,091,20,3+2=0,183,6+2=2,183,6=0,42.
,
E(y)=[0,42; +).
) ,
y=

1
16+445,5=8+165,5=85,5=2,5.
2

x=

4
=4,
2 12

E(y)=(; 2,5].
) ,

.
64

x=

2
1
=
23
3

y=3

1
1 14
1 2 14 1 + 2 14
13
1
+ 2
= +
=
= = 4
9
3 3 3
3
3
3 3
3

1
, E(y)=(; 4 ].
3

185.
,
. :
t= 24 = 12 = 120 = 2 22 ( ) . ,
2 4,9

4,9

49

49

h :

h=24

120

49

24 120 120 12 24 120 12 120


24 120 49 120 2
120

=
=

=
4,9
=
2
49
49
49
49
49
10 49

12 120 1440
19
(). , =
=
= 29
49
49
49
[0; 2 22 ]. : h(t)=0;
49

24t4,9t2=0; 244,9t=0 ( t=0 ).


4,9t=24; t= 240 = 4 44 () . ,

49
49
22 44
[ 2 ; 4 ] t= 4 44 .
49 49
49

186*.
) , , 3. ,
y=(x+3)2 .
) , , 6. , y=(x6)2
.

187*.

) y=0 x=3 x=4

q = 3( p + 3),
9 + 3 p + q = 0, q = 3( p + 3),

16 + 4 p + q = 0; 16 + 4 p 3( p + 3) = 0; 16 + p 9 = 0;
q = 3( p + 3), q = 12,

p = 7;
p = 7;

65

) x=0 y=6, x=2 y=0 q=6; 4+2p+q=0


4+2p+6=0; 2p=10; p=5. , q=6, p=5.
) x=6 , , (6; 24). x= b , : 6= p , .. p=12. y=24, :
2

2a

36+6p+q=24 36612+q=24; 12612=q, q=512, q=60. ,


q=60, p=12.

188*.
) , , < 0. : ax2+bx+c=a(x2+

b
b 2 b 2
x)+c=a((x+
) (
) )+c. ,
a
2a
2a

a b: ,

b
, ,
2a

b
.
2a

y=0, , b a , .. b>0.
ax2+bx+c=x(b+ax)+c, c
x(b+ax). a b , , x(b+ax) 0,
. ,
, , <0.
) , , >0.
, , b , .. b<0.
b , ax2+bx =0. ..
, ,
, .. >0. , >0, b<0, >0.

189.

) 1) y=x25x50 , (..
x2 ).
2) x25x50=0; D=(5)241(50)=
5 + 15
5 15
=10, x2=
=5.
=225; x1=
2
2
3) (5; 10).

66

) 1) y=m28m+9
, (..
m2 ).
2) m28m+9=0; D=(8)24(
1)9=
=100; m1=

8 + 10
8 10
=9, m2=
=1.
2 (1)
2

3) [9; 1].
) 1) z=3y2+4y4 ,
(.. y2 ).
2) 3y2+4y4=0; D=4243(4)=
4 8
4 + 8 2
=2.
= , y2=
6
6
3
2
3) (; 2)( ;+).
3

=64; y1=

) 8p2+2p210.
1) 8p2+2p21 , (.. p2 ).
2) 8p2+2p21=0; D=2248(21)=
2 + 26
2 26
=676; p1=
=1,5, p2=
= 1,75
16
16
3) (; 1,75)(1,5; +).
) 4x2+12x90.
1) y=4x2+12x9 , (.. x2 )
2) 4x2+12x9=0; 4x212x+9=0;
12 + 0
=1,5.
D=1224(4)(9)=0; x=
8
3) (; +).
) 9x2+6x1<0.
1) y=9x2+6x1 , (.. x2 ).
2) 9x2+6x1=0; 9x26x+1=0;
D=(6)2491=0; x=

6+0 1
= .
18
3

67

1
1
3) (; ) ( ; + ) .
3
3

190.

) 2(x2+x3x3)>x2+5x7x35; x22x+29>0.
1) y=x22x+29 , (.. x2 ).
2) x22x+29=0; D=(2)24129<0
.
3) x .
x2+5x7x354x2+8x16x32;
)
(x+5)(x7)4(x2+2x4x8);
2
2
2
x +5x7x354x 8x+16x+320; 3x +6x30.
1) y=3x2+6x3 ,
(.. x2 )
2) 3x2+6x3=0; x22x+1=0;
2+0
=1.
D=(2)2411=0. x=
2
3) x .

191.

) 1) .. , 1449x2 0
1449x2 1449x2 0 , 1449x2>0.
2) y=1449x2 , (.. x2 ).
3) : 1449x2=0; 9x2=144; x2=16;
x=4 x=4.
4) (4; 4).
) 1) ,
16 24 x + 9 x 2 0 . .. x+2 ,
x + 2 0 x 2 .
2) y=9x224x+16
,
(.. x2 ).
3) 9x224x+16=0; D=(24)2
24 + 0 4
4916=0; x =
= .
18
3
4) (;2) (2;+)
68

192*.

. x2+6x7=0;
6 + 64
6 64
=1,
D=6241(7)=64;
= 7 ;
x1 =
x2 =
2
2
( x 1)( x + 7) 0 7 x 1 .
+

:
2+8
D=(2)241(15)=64;
x1 =
=5,
2
( x 5)( x + 3) 0 3 x 5 .
: 3 x 1 .

x 2 2 15 0 ;
28
x2 =
= 3 ;
2

193*.
) . 4 x 2 27 x 7 = 0 ;
27 + 29 56
D=(27)244(7)=841;

x1 =
=
=7
8
8
1
1
27 29
2
1
x >7.
x2 =
= = ; ( x 7)( x + ) > 0 x <
8
8
4
4
4
, : x>7.
) . 3 x 2 + 17 x + 6 < 0 ;
3x 2 17 x 6 > 0 .

3x 2 17 x 6 = 0 ;
17 + 19 36
D=172+612=289+72=361;
=
=6

x1 =
6
6
1
1
17 19
1
= ; ( x 6)( x + ) > 0 x < x>6.
x2 =
6
3
3
3
1
, : x < .
3
) :
2 x 2 18 > 0 ;
2( x 2 9) > 0 2( x 3)( x + 3) > 0 x < 3 x > 3 . , x<1 , : x<3.
) : 3x215x>0; 3x(x5)<0
0<x<5. , x>4 , : 4<x<5.

69

194*.
) .
1 + 5
1 5
x2+x6=0; D=1241(6)=25; x1 =
= 2 , x2 =
= 3 ; (x
2
2
2)(x+3)<0 3<x<2.
: x2+2x+3>0; x22x3<0;
2+4
24
= 3 x2 =
= 1 ; (x
D=(2)241(3)=16; x1 =
2
2
3)(x+1)<0 1<x<3.
, : 1<x<2.
) .
4 + 6
4 6
2
= 1 , x2 =
= 5; (x
x +4x5=0; D=4241(5)=36; x1 =
2
2
1)(x+5)>0 x<5 x>1.
. : x2
2+6
26
= 4,
= 2;
2x8=0; D=(2)241(8)=36;
x1 =
x2 =
2
2
(x+2)(x4)<0 2<x<4.
, :
1<x<4.

195.
) (x+1,2)(6x)(x4)>0; (x+1,2)(x6)(x4)>0; (x+1,2)(x6)(x4)<0;
(;1,2) (4;6)
1
1
1
( x)( x)( x) < 0;
3
2
7
1
1
1
( x )( x )( x ) > 0;
3
2
7
)

)
(x+0,6)(1,6+x)(1,2x)>0;
(x+0,6)(x+1,6)(x1,2)<0;

1
1
1
( x )( x )( x ) < 0;
3
2
7

1 1
1
( ; ) ( ;+)
2
7 3
(x+0,6)(x+1,6)(x1,2)>0;
(;1,6) (0,6;1,2)

) (1,7x)(1,8+x)(1,9x)<0; (x 1,7)(x+1,8)(x1,9)<0;
(;1,8) (1,7;1,9)

70

196.
) (3x5)(x+4)(2x)=0; 3x5=0 x+4=0 2x=0; .. x = 1

x=4 x=2.
)

5
3( x )( x + 4)( x 2) > 0 ;
3

(3x5)(x+4)(2x)>0;

5
( x )( x + 4)( x 2) < 0 .
3

2
(;4) (1 ;2)
3
) (3x5)(x+4)(2x)<0; 3( x 5 )( x + 4( x 2) < 0; ( x 5 )( x + 4)( x 2) > 0 .
3

2
(4;1 ) (2;+)
3

197.
) 18(x2)(x7)>0; (x2)(x7)>0;
(;2) (7;+)
) (x7,3)(x9,8)>0; (x7,3)(x9,8)<0;
(7;3) (9;8)
) (x+0,8)(x4)(x20)<0; (x+0,8)(x4)(x20)>0;
(0,8;4) (20;+)
) 10(x+0,3)(x17)(x5)0; (x+0,3)(x17)(x5)0;
(;0,3) (5;17)

198.
) (x4)(x+4)(x+17)>0;

2
) ( x )( x 11)( x + 11) < 0 ;
3

) x(x5)(x+5)<0;

2
(;11) ( ;11)
3
) x(x0,1)(x+0,1)>0;

(;5) (0;5)
) (x3)(x+3)(x1)(x+1)>0;

(0,1;0) (0,1;+)
) x(x15)(x6)(x+6)<0;

(17;4) (4;+)

71

(;3) (1;1) (3;+)

(6;0) (6;15)

199*.

) .. x2+17>0 ,
(x6)(x+2)<0; : 2<x<6.
) .. 2x2+1>0 , x(x4)<0;
: x<0 x>4.
) .. (x1)20 , . .. , x=1.
x24<0; x<24. , x1, x<1
1<x<24.
) .. (x 4)2 0 ,
. .. ,
x=4. (x+7)(x 21) > 0. : x<7
x>21. x<7 x>21.

200.
) .. (3x1)(6x+1) , (3x1)(6x+1)0. ..
(3x1)(6x+1) (3x1)(6x+1)0. ,
1
1
1
1
(3x1)(6x+1)>0;
63(x )(x+ )>0;
( x )( x + ) > 0;
3
6
3
6
1
1
(; )( ; +).
6
3
) y=

7
(11x + 2)( x 4)

. .. -

(11x+2)(x4)0. .. (11x+2)(x4)
2
(11x+2)(x4)0. , (11x+2)(x4)>0; ( x + )( x 4) > 0;
11
2
(; ) (4;+).
11
)

x3
x=1, x +1

.
, .. x=1
, .
) x=8 , , , .

72

202*.

x 8
6 x
)
0; (;4) (8;+) . )
0; (;4) (6;+) .
x +1
x4
x + 16
2x 4
<0 (+16)(11)<0; (16; 11).
)
)
0; (1; 2].
x 11
3x + 3
1
5 x 5
x +1
5x 1
3
1
0; (; ) [ ;+) .
)
0; [1; 3).
)
0.
3
2
5
3 x
2x 3
2 x
2

203.

) 5; ) 6; ) 5; ) (x+8)(x7)=x2+8756=0, 2; ) 1;
) 535(2+9)=17 535220=17 2017=0,
1.

204.

) (8x1)(2x3)(4x1)2=38; 16x22x24x+3(16x28x+1)=38; 16x2


2x24x+316x2+8x138=0; 18x36=0; 18x=36; x=2.
) (15 x 1)(1 + 15x) = 2 2 ; (15 x 1)(1 + 15 x ) = 8 ; 225x21=8; 225x2=9;
3

9
3
3
; x1= , x2= .
x=
225
15
15
) 0,5y30,5y(y+1)(y3)=7; 0,5y30,5y(y2+y2y3)7=0; y2+1,5y
2

7=0; D=2,25+28=30,25; y1=


) x4x2=

1,5 + 5,5
1,5 + 5,5
= 2 , y2=
= 3,5.
2
2

(1 + 2 x 2 )(2 x 2 1)
4 2
2
2
4
2
4
; 4(x x )=(1+2x )(2x 1); 4x 4x =4x 1;
4

4x44x24x4=1; 4x2=1; x2=

1
1
1
; x1= , x2= .
4
2
2

205.

) (6x)(x+6)(x11)x=36; 36x2(x211x)36=0; 36x2x2+11x36=0;


2x2+11x=0; x(2x+11)=0; x=0 2x+11=0, .. 2x=11, x=5,5.
)

1 3y 3 y
5(1 3 y ) 11(3 y )

=0;
=0; 550 515y33+11y=0;
5
11
55

4y=28; y=7.
) 9x2

(12 x 11)(3 x + 8)
=1; 36x2(36x233x+96x88)4=0; 36x236x2+
4

+33x96x+884=0; 63x=84; x=

4
1
=1 .
3
3
73

( y + 1) 2 1 y 2

= 4;
12
4

( y + 1) 2 1 y 2

4 = 0;
12
4

2( y + 1)2 (1 y ) 2 96
= 0;
24

240 2(y2+2y+1)1+y296=0; 3y2+4y95=0; D=4243(95)=1156;


y1=

4 + 34
4 34
1
=5, y2=
=6 .
6
6
3

206.

5x6+6x4+x2=4. ,
, .

207.
x0<0.
, : 12x05+7x03+11x03<0, 121>0. ..
, .. .

208.
8
8
, .
a
a
8, .. a=1, 2, 4, 7. , : 8; 4; 2; 1; 1; 2; 4; 8.
ax=8; x =

209.
9x=p 2; x =

p2
. p 2 < 0; p < 0.
9

210.
) 2 , , D>0.
2x2+6x+b=0; D=3642b=368b>0; 368b>0; 8b>36; b<4,5.
) 2 , , D>0. 5x2
4
4x+3b=0; D=16453b=1660b>0; 1660b>0; 60b>16; b< .
15
) 2 , , D>0.
3x2+bx+3=0; D=b2433=b236>0; (b6)(b+6)>0. (; 6)(6; +).
) 2 , , D>0.
D=b2715=b220>0;
(b 2 5 )(b+ 2 5 )>0;
x2+bx+5=0;
(; 2 5 )( 2 5 ; +).

74

211.

) , D=0. 3x26x+3u=0; D=36


36
=1,5.
432u=3624u=0; 24u=36; u=
24
) , D=0. 5x2+2ux+5=0;
100
=25; u=5 u=5.
D=4u2455=4u2100=0; 4u2=100; u2=
4
) , D=0. x23ux+18=0;
D=9u2418=9u272=; 9u2=72; u2=8; u=2 2 u=2 2 .
) , D=0. 2x212x+3u=0;
D=144423u=14424u=0; 24u=144; u=6.

212.

) , D<0. 6x2+tx+6=0; D=t2


466=t2144<0; (t12)(t+12)<0; 12<t<12.
) , D<0. 12x2+4x+t=0; D=16
16
1
412t=1648t<0; 16<48t; t>
; t> .
48
3
) , D<0. 2x215x+t=0; D=225
225
1
; t>28 .
4t=2258t<0; 225<8t; t>
8
8
) , D<0. 2x2+tx+18=0; D=t2
4218=t2144<0; (t12)(t+12)<0; 12<t<12.

213.
) y36y=0; y(y26)=0; y1=0 y26=0, y2=6, y2= 6 , y3= 6 .
) 6x4+3,6x2=0; x2(6x2+3,6)=0; x1=0 6x2+3,6=0, .. 6x2=3,6,
2
x = 0,6. , ..
.
) x3+3x=3,5x2; x(x23,5x+3); x1=0 x23,5x+3=0; D=12,2543=
3,5 + 0,5
3,5 + 0,5
= 2 , x3=
= 1,5 .
=0,25; x2=
2
2
3
2
2
) x 0,1x=0,3x ; x(x 0,3x0,1)=0; x1=0; x20,3x0,1=0; D=0,09
0,3 + 0,7
3,5 + 0,5
=0,2.
= 0,5 ; x3=
49(0,1)=0,49; x2=
2
2
) 9x318x2x+2=0; (9x318x2)+(x+2)=0; 9x2(x2)(x2)=0;
(x2)(9x21)=0; (x2)(3x1)(3x+1)=0; x2=0 3x1=0 3x+1=0;
1
1
x1=2; x2= ; x3= .
3
3
75

) y4y316y2+16y=0; y3(y1)16y(y1)=0; (y1)(y316y)=0;


y(y1)(y216)=0; y(y1)(y4)(y+4)=0; y=0 y1=0 y4=0
y+4=0; y1=0; y2=1; y3=4; y4=4.
) p3p2=p 1; p3p2p+1=0; (p3p2)+(p+1)=0; p2(p1)(p1)=0;
2
(p 1)(p1)=0; (p1)(p+1)(p1)=0; (p1)2(p+1)=0; p1=0 p+1=0;
p1=1; p2=1.
) x4x2=3x33x; x4x23x3+3x=0; x2(x21)3x(x21)=0; (x21)(x2
3x)=0; x(x1)(x+1)(x3)=0; x=0 x1=0 x+1=0 x3=0;
x1=0; x2=1; x3=1; x4=3.

214.
3
) 0,7x4x3=0; x3(0,7x1)=0; x1=0 0,7x1=0; 0,7x=1, x2= 1 .
7
) 0,5x372x=0; x(0,5x272)=0; x1=0 0,5x272=0, .. 0,5x2=72,
x2=144, x2=12 x3=12.
) x3+4x=5x2; x3+4x5x2=0; x(x25x+4)=0; x1=0 x25x+4=0;
53
5+3
D=2544=9; x2=
=4 x3=
=1.
2
2
) 3x3x2+18x6=0; x2(3x1)+6(3x1)=0; (3x1)(x2+6)=0; 3x1=0

x2+6=0; 3x=1, x=

1
x2= 6. , ..
3

.
) 2x418x2=5x345x; 2x418x25x3+45x=0; 2x2(x29)5x(x29)=0;
2
(x 9)(2x25x)=0; x(x3)(x+3)(2x5)=0; x1=0 x3=0 x+3=0
2x5=0; x2=3; x3=3; x4=2,5.
) 3y22y=2y33; 3y22y2y3+3=0; y2(32y)+(32y)=0; (3
2y)(y2+1)=0; 32y=0 y2+1=0; 2y=3, y=1,5 y2=1
, .. .

215.

x3+2x3=0; x3=32x.
1) y=x3 , I III .
x
2
1
0
1
2
y
8
1
0
1
8
76

2) y=32x .
x
0
2
y
3
1
x=1.

216.

1) y=x23 , (..
x2 ).
b
=
2) : xb=
2a
0
=0; yb=03=3; (0; 3), x=0 =
2 1
.
3) x
1 1 2 2 0
y 2 2 1 1 3
[0;+); (; 0].

217.

) 1) y=x210x+21 ,
(.. x2 ).
2) x210x+21=0; D=(10)2
10 + 4
10 4
=7, x2=
=3.
4121=16; x1=
2
2
3) (3; 7).
) 1) y=x28x+16 ,
(.. x2 ).
2) x28x+16=0; D=(8)24116=0;
8+0
=4.
x=
2
3) (; 4) (4; +).
) 1) y=3x214x+16 ,
(.. x2 ).
2) 3x214x+16=0; D=(14)2
14 2
14 + 2
2
=2 , x2=
=2.
4316=0; x1=
6
3
6
2
3) (; 2][ 2 ; +).
3
) 1) y=5x26x+1 ,
(.. x2 ).
77

2) 5x26x+1=0; D=(6)2451=16;
x1=

6+4
10

=1, x2=

64
10

=0,2

3) [0,2; 1].

218.
/,
540
(x+10) /;
x
540
540
540
,

x + 10
x
x + 10
3
540
540
3
540
540
3
.
:

= ;

= 0;
4
x
x + 10 4
x
x + 10 4
2160( x + 10) 2160 x 3x( x + 10)
x(x+10)0, 2160x+21600
= 0;
4 x( x + 10)
2160x3x230x=0;
x2+10x7200=0;
D=10241(7200)=28900;
10 + 170
10 170
= 80 , x2 =
= 90 , .. x1 =
2
2
. x=80, x+10=80+10=90.
: 80 /; 90 /.

219.
) (x+8)(x1,5)<0; (8; 1,5).

12 x
> 0; (12x)(x+11)>0; (x12)(x+11)>0; (x12)(x+11)<0;
x + 11

(11; 12).

) (152x)(x+6)>0; 2(x

6 4x
< 0;
x + 0,5

15
)(x+6)>0; (x7,5)(x+6)<0; (6; 7,5).
2

(64x)(x+0,5)<0;

1,5)(x+0,5)>0; (; 0,5)(1,5; +).

78

4(x 6 )(x+0,5)<0;
4

(x

220.

) (2x2+3)212(2x2+3)+11=0. 2x2+3=v v212v+11=0;

D=(12)2411=100; v2= 12 + 10 = 11 v1= 12 10 = 1; 2x2+3=11


2

2x2+3=1.
1) 2x2=8; x2=4; x2=2 x1=2;
2) 2x2=2; x2=1 , ..
.
) (t22t)23=2(t22t). t22t=v v23=2v; v22v3=0;
D=(2)241(3)=16; v2 = 2 + 4 = 3 v1 = 2 4 = 1; t22t=3

t22t=1;

t22t3=0

t22t+1=0;

24
2+0
2+4
= 1; t 3 =
= 1.
= 3 , t2 =
2
2
2

t1 =

) (x2+x1)(x2+x+2)=40. x2+x=v (v1)(v+2)=30;


v2v+2v240=0; v2+v42=0; D=1241(42)=169; v2 =

1 + 169
=6
2

1 169
2
2
2
= 7; x +x=6 x +x=7; x +x 6=0
2
1 + 5
1 5
x2+x+7=0; x1 =
= 2 , x2 =
= 3. 2
2

v1 =

. .. D=12417=27<0.
) (2x2+x1)(2x2+x4)+2=0. 2x2+x=v (v1)(v4)+2=0;

v2v4v+4+2=0;

v25v+6=0;

D=(5)2416=1;

v2 =

5 +1
=3,
2

5 1
2
2
2
2
= 2; 2x +x=3 2x +x=2; 2x +x3=0 2x +x2=0;
2
1 + 5
1 + 17
3
1 5
; x 4 = 1 17 .
= 1 x2 =
x1 =
= ; x3 =
4
2
4
4
4

v1 =

221.

) (x2+3)211(x2+3)+28=0. x2+3=v v211v+28=0;


11 + 3
11 3
= 7 ; v1 =
= 4 x2+3=7
D=(11)24128=9; v2 =
2
2
x2+3=4; x2=4 x2=1; x1=2 x2=2; x3=1 x4=1.
) (x24x)2+9(x24x)+20=0. x24x=v v2+9v+20=0;
9 1
9 1
D=924120=1; v2 =
= 4 v1 =
= 5; x24x=4
2
2

79

x24x=5; x24x+4=0 x24x+5=0; x =

4+0
= 2 ;
2

, .. D<0.
) (x2+x)(x2+x5)=84. x2+x=v v(v5)=84; v2
15 + 19
= 12

5v84=0;
D=(5)241(84)=361;
v2 =
2
5 19
= 7; x2+x=12 x2+x=7; x2+x12=0 x2+x+7=0;
v1 =
2
1 7
1 7
x1 =
= 3 x 2 =
= 4;
2
2
2
, .. D=1 417=27<0.

222.

) x45x236=0. x2=v v25v36=0; D=(5)241(


5 + 13
5 13
36)=169; v2 =
= 9 v1 =
= 4 x2=9 x2=4;
2
2
x=3 x=3; ,
.. .
) y46y2+8=0. y2=v v26v+8=0; D=(6)2418=4;
6+2
62
v2 =
= 4 v1 =
= 2; y2=4 y2=2; y1=2 y2=2;
2
2
y 3 = 2 y 4 = 2 .
) t4+10t2+25=0. t2=v v2+10v+25=0; D=1024125=0;
10 + 0
v=
= 5; t2=5; .
2
) 4x45x2+1=0. x2=v 4v25v+1=0; D=(5)2441=9;
1
53 1
5+3
v2 =
= 1 v1 =
= x2=1 x 2 = ; x1=1 x2=
8
4
8
4
1
1
1; x4 = x3 = .
2
2
) 9x49x2+2=0. x2=v 9v29v+2=0; D=(9)2492=9;
v2 =

9+3 2
93 1 2 2
1
v1 =
x2= ; x1 =
=
= ; x =
18
3
18
3
3
3

x2 =

80

1
2
1
; x3 =
; x4 = .
3
3
3

) 16y48y2+1=0. y2=v 16v28v+1=0; D=(8)2


1
8+0 1
1
1
= y2= ; y2= ; y1= .
4161=0; v =
2
32
4
4
2

223.

) x425x2+144=0. x2=v v225v+144=0; D=(25)2


25 + 49
25 49
41144=49; v2 =
= 16 ; v1 =
= 19 x2=16
2
2
x2=9; x1=4; x2=4; x3=3; x4=3.
) y4+14y2+48=0. y2=v v2+14v+48=0; D=142
14 + 2
14 2
= 6 ; v1 =
= 8 y2=6 y2=8;
4148=4; v2 =
2
2
, .. .
) x44x2+4=0. x2=v; v24v+4=0; D=(4)2414=0;
4+0
v=
= 2; x2=2; x1 = 2 ; x 2 = 2 .
2
) t42t23=0. t2=v; v22v3=0; D=(2)241(3)=16;
2+4
24
= 3 v1 =
= 1 t2=3 t2=1; t1 = 3
v2 =
2
2
t 2 = 3 ; , .. .
) 2x49x2+4=0. x2=v D=92424=49; v2 =
v1 =

9+7
= 4;
4

1
1
97 1
2
2
; x4 =
= x =4 x = ; x1=2; x2=2; x 3 =
2
4
2
2

1
.
2

) 5y45y2+2=0. y2=v 5v25v+2=0; D=(5)2


452=15<0 .

224.

) y=x45x2+4.
. x=0 y=04502+4=4 (0; 4).
y=0 x45x2+4=0; x2=v v2
5+3
53
= 4 v1 =
= 1 x2=4
5v+4=0; D=(5)2414=9; v2 =
2
2
x2=1; x1=2 x2=2 x3=1
x4=1. (2; 0); (2; 0); (1; 0); (1; 0).
) y=x4+3x210.

81

: x=0 y=04+30210=10;
(0; 10).
y=0 x4+3x210=0; x2=v v2+3v10=0; D=32
3 + 7
3 7
= 2 v1 =
= 5 x2=2 x2=5;
41(10)=49; v2 =
2
2
x1 = 2 ; x 2 = 2 ,
. ( 2 ;0); ( 2 ;0) .
) y=x420x2+100.
: x=0 y=042002+100=100
(0; 100).
y=0 x420x2+100=0; x2=v y=v220v+100=0;
20 + 0
D=(20)241100=0; v =
= 10 x2=10; x1 = 10 ; x 2 = 10 .
2
( 10 ;0); ( 10 ;0) .
) y=4x4+16x2.
: x=0 y=40+160=0 (0; 0).
y=0 4x4+16x2=0; 4x2(x2+4)=0, x=0; (0; 0) .

225.

) (x21)(x2+1)4(x211)=0; x414x2+44=0; x44x2+43=0; x2=v v24v+43=0; D=(4)24143<0. .


) 3x2(x1)(x+1)10x2+4=0; 3x2(x21)10x2+4=0; 3x43x210x2+4=0;

x2=v

3v213v+4=0;
D=(13)2434=121;
1
13 121 1
13 + 121
v2 =
= 4 v1 =
= x2=4 x2= ; 6
3
3
6
1
1
; x4 =
.
x1=2 x2=2; x 3 =
3
3

226.

) x5+x46x36x2+5x+5=0; x4(x+1)6x2(x+1)+5(x+1)=0; (x+1)(x4


6x2+5)=0; x+1=0, x1=1 x46x2+5=0. x2=v
v26v+5=0; D=(6)2415=16; v2 =

6+4
64
2
= 5 v1 =
= 1 x =5
2
2

x2=1; x2= 5 ; x3= 5 ; x4=1;


x5=1.

82

) x4(x1)2x2(x1)3(x1)=0; (x1)(x42x23)=0; x1=0, x1=1


x 2x23=0. x2=y y22y3=0; D=(2)241(3)=16;
4

v 21 =

2+4
24
2
2
= 3 v1 =
= 1 x =3 x =1;
2
2

x2= 3 ; x3= 3 , , ..
.

227.
4
x
, I III .
x 1 2 3 4 1 2 4 6 8
1
1 1

y 4 2 1
4 2 1
2 2
) y=3x+6
.
x
0
3
y
6
3
) y =

228.

) 3x2+2px+5=0;
4p260>0;
D=(2p)2435=4p260>0;

2 , D>0:
4(p215)>0;
p215>0;

( p 15 )( p + 15 ) > 0. (; 15 ) ( 15 ;+)

) 6x24x+p=0; , D<0;
D=1646p=1624p<0; 24p<16; p>

2
2
16
; p> . (; )
3
3
24

229.

) x2+6x8>0.
1) y=x2+6x8 , (.. 2 ).
2) x2+6x8=0; x26x+8=0;
6+2
62
= 4 ; x2 =
= 2.
D=(6)2418=4; x1 =
2
2
3) (2; 4).
) 2x29x45<0.
1) y=2x29x45 , (..
x2 ).
83


2x29x45=0;
9 + 21
9 21
422(45)=441; x1 =
= 7,5 ; x2 =
= 3.
4
4
3) (3; 7,5).

2)

D=(9)2

4( x 4 )
5 4x
)
> 0,
< 0.
x
x
+
30 + x
)
< 0.
30
x 30

+
0

+
30

+
1,25

(0; 1,25).

(30; 30)

230.

) x=1; y=3 (1)23+2=0. , (1; 3) .


) x=1; y=3 (1)3+3=6. , (1; 3)
.

231.

) x=2; y=1. (2)2+(1)2=5; 6(2)+51=12+5=7. ,


(2; 1) .
) x=1; y=2,12+(2)2=5; 61+5(2)=4. , (1; 2) .

232.
) 2;
)1;
) 4+2=6;
) : xxy4=0, 2;
) : x44x2y2+4y45y=0,
4;
) : 7x812xy+y7x87x2=0, ..
12xy+y7x2=0, 2.

233.

1) y=x2 ,
(.. x2 )
2)

:
b
0
=
= 0 yb=0; (0; 0).
xb =
2a
2 1
3) x
1
3
3
0 1
y
1
9
9
0
1
4) y=2x+3 .
x
1
1
84

y
1
5
(1; 1); (3; 9)

234.

1) x2+y2=25 (0; 0).


2) y=x26 ,
(.. x2 ).
3) :
b
0
xb=
=
= 0; yb=026=6; (0; 6).
2a
2 1
4) x
3 2 1
0
1
2
3
y
3
2
5 6 5 2
3
(3,2; 3,9); (3,2; 3,9); (1,1; 4,9); (1,1; 4,9).

235.

1) x2+y2=100 (0; 0).


1
2) y = x 2 10 , 2
(.. x2 ).

1
3) : xb= b = 0 1 = 0; yb= 0210=

2a

= 10; (0; 10).


4) x
3

85

11 8 4,5 10 9,5 8
11

2
2
(10; 0); (6; 8); (6; 8).
y

236.

y =
)
y =

6
,
x
2
x 2.
3
6
,
x
I III .
(.. k=6>0).
x 1 2 3 6 1 2 3 6
y 6 3 2 1 6 3 2 1
2
2) y= x 2 .
3
x
0
6
y
2
2
1) y=

(4,8; 1,2); (2; 3,2).


( x 3) 2 + ( y 4) 2 = 4,
)
y = x 2 .
1) (x3)2+(y4)2=4 (3; 4) 2.
2) y=x2 , (.. x2 ).
3)

:
b
0
=
= 0; y b = 0; (0;0)
xb=
2a
2 1
4)
x 3 2 1 0 1 2 3
y 9 4 1 0 1 4 9
(1,6; 2,5); (2,4; 5,8).

237.
x 2 + y 2 = 16,
)
x + y + 2 = 0;
86

x 2 + y 2 = 16,

y = x 12.

1) x2+y2=16 (0; 0) 4.
2) y=x2 .
(3,6; 1,6); (1,6; 3,6).
8

xy = 8,
y = ,
)
x

x + y + 3 = 0; y = x 3.

8
,
x
I III
. (.. k=8>0).
2) y=x3 .
.
1) y=

238.
y = x3 ,

)
12
xy = .
x

1) y=x3 , I
.

12
, x
II IV . (.. k=12<0).
.
2) y=

87

y = x 2 + 8,
)
y = x 2 + 12;
1) y=x2+8 ,
(.. x2 ).
2)

:
xb= b = 0 = 0, yb=8; (0; 8)
2a

2 1

3) y=x2+12 ,
(.. x2 ).
4)

:
xb= b =
2a

0
= 0, yb=12; (0; 12).
2 (1)

5) 2 .

y = x 2 + 1,

)
3
y =
x
.

1) y=x2+1 ,
(.. x2 ).
2) :
b
0
=
= 0, yb=1; (0; 1)
xb=
2a
2 1

3) y =

3
, x

I III .
4) .
x 2 + y 2 = 9,
)
( x 10) 2 + y 2 = 16.
88

1) x2+y2=9
(0; 0)
3.
2)

(x10)2+y2=16
(10; 0) 4.
.

239.
( x 4) 2 + ( y 5) 2 = 9,
)
y = x.
1) (x4)2+
+(y5)2=9
(4; 5) 3.
2) y=x
( I III .)
(2,4; 2,4); (6,6; 6,6).
y = x 2 ,
)
y = 6 x.
1) y=x2 , (.. x2 ).
2) b
0
=
= 0; yb=0.
: xb=
2a
2 1
3) x 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
y 1 4 9 0 1 4 9
4) y=6x .
x
0
2
y
6
4

240.

) 1) =252+6 , (.. 2 ).
89

2) 252+6=0; (25+6)=0, 1=0;


25+6=0; 25=6, x2 = 6 .
25
6
3) ;0
25

(;13) (13;+ )

) (13)(+13)>0
2

) 1024<0.
1) =21024 , (.. 2 ).
2)

4 ( 24 ) = 196 ; 1 =

D = (10) 2

21024=0;

10 + 14
10 14
= 12 ; 2 =
= 3
2
2

3) (2; 12).
) 1523022x7>0; 15x222x37>0.
1) y=15x222x37 ,
(..
x2 ).
2) 1522237=0; D=484415(
37)=2704; x2 = 22 + 52 = 2 7 ; x1 = 22 52 = 1 .
30

30

3) ( ;1) 2 7 ;
15

241.

11(1 + 2 y ) 9 y = 37, 11 + 22 y 9 y = 37, 13 y = 26, y = 2,


)
x = 1 + 2 y;
x = 1 + 2 y; x = 1 + 2 2 = 5.
x = 1 + 2 y;

16 x 4(3 x 2 ) = 5, 16 x 12 x + 8 = 5, 4 x = 3,
x = 0,75,
)
y = 3 x 2;
y = 3 x 2; y = 4,25.
y = 3 x 2;

242.
10 x 4 y = 60, 7 x = 63, x = 9,
3 x + 4 y = 3; 3 9 + 4 y = 3;

2 y 4 x = 170, x = 43,
x = 43,
)

5 x 2 y = 127; 5 ( 43) 2 y = 127; y = 171.

)
3 x + 4 y = 3;

90

x = 9,
y = 7,5.

243.
1- /,
2- (x + 2 ) /. 36 1-; 36 2 x
x+2
. 36 36 1 , :
4
x
x+2
36 36 = 1 ;
x x+2 4

36 36 1 = 0 ;
x x+2 4

144(x + 2 ) 144 x x(x + 2 )


= 0;
4 x(x + 2 )

x(x + 2) 0; 144x+288144xx22x=0; x22x288=0; D=(2)241(


288)=1156; x2 = 2 + 34 = 16 ; x1 = 2 34 = 18
2
2
. x=16, x+2=16+2=18.
: 16 /, 18 /.

244.
y 2 x = 1, y 2 ( y + 3) = 1, y 2 y 2 = 0,
)

x = y + 3;
x = y + 3;
x = y + 3.
y2y2=0; D=(1)241(2)=9; y2 = 1 + 3 = 2 ;
2
y1 = 1 3 = 1 .
2
y = 1
y1 = 2,
2

5
;
x
=
x 2 = 2.
1
y = x 1,
y = x 1,
) 2

x 2 y = 26; x 2 2( x 1) 26 = 0;

x22x24=0;
x2 = 2 + 10 = 6 x1 = 2 10 = 4 .
2
2
x 2 = 4,
x1 = 6,

y
=
5
;
y 2 = 5.
1
xy + x = 4, ( y + 6) y + y + 6 = 4,
)

x y = 6;
x = y + 6;

y = x 1,
2
x 2 x 24 = 0.
D=(2)241(24)=100;

y 2 + 6 y + y + 6 + 4 = 0, y 2 + 7 y + 10 = 0,

x = y + 6;
x = y + 6;
91

y2+7y+10=0; D=724110=9; y2 = 7 + 3 = 2 ;
2
7
3

y1 =
= 5 .
2
y = 5,
y2 = 2,
1

x1 = 1.
x2 = 4;
x + y = 9,
y = 9 x,
) 2

y + x = 29 (9 x) 2 + x = 29;
y = 9 x,

81 18 x + x 2 + x 29 = 0;

y = 9 x,
2
x 17 x + 52 = 0;
x217x+52=0;

D=(17)24152=81;

x2 = 17 + 81 = 13 ; x1 = 17 81 = 4.
2
2
x = 4,
x2 = 13,
1

y1 = 5.
y2 = 4;

245.
x = 3 y,
x = 3 y,
x = 3 y,
) 2
2

y x = 39; y (3 y ) 39 = 0; y 2 + y 42 = 0;

y2+y42=0;
D=1241(42)=169;
y2 = 1 + 169 = 6 ; y1 = 1 169 = 7.
2
2
y1 = 7,
y2 = 6,

x1 = 10.
x2 = 3;
y = 1 + x,
)
x + y 2 = 1;

y = 1 + x,

x + (1 + x) 2 + 1 = 0;

y = 1 + x,
2
x + 3x + 2 = 0.

x2+3x+2=0; D=32412=1; x2 = 3 + 1 = 1 ;
2
3
1

x1 =
= 2.
2
x = 2,
x2 = 1,
1

y1 = 1.
y2 = 0;

92

x 2 + y = 14,
)
y x = 8;

x 2 + (8 + x) 14 = 0,

y = 8 + x;

x 2 + x 6 = 0,

y = 8 + x.

x2+x6=0; D=1241(6)=25; x2 = 1 + 5 = 2
2
1
5

x1 =
= 3 .
2
x1 = 3,
x2 = 2,

y1 = 5.
y2 = 10;
x + y = 4, y = 4 x,
)

y + xy = 6; 4 x + x(4 x) 6 = 0;

y = 4 x,
2
x + 3 x 2 = 0.

x23x+2=0; D=(3)242=1;

x2 = 3 + 1 = 2 ;
2

x1 = 3 1 = 1.
2
x 2 = 2,
x1 = 1,
y = 2; y = 3.
2
1

246.
x y = 3, x = 3 + y,

x = 3 + y,

2
xy = 2; (3 + y ) y = 2; 3 y + y + 2 = 0.
y2+3y+2=0; D=32412=1;
y1 =

y2 =

3 + 1
= 1 ;
2

3 1
= 2
2

y1 = 2,
y 2 = 1,
x = 2;
2
x1 = 1.
y = x + 2,5,
y = x + 2,5,
)
2
x( x + 2,5) = 1,5; x + 2,5 x 1,5 = 0.

x22,5x+1,5=0;
D=(2,5)2411,5=0,25;
2,5 + 0,5
2,5 0,5
= 1,5 x1 =
= 1.
x2 =
2
2
x2 = 1,5, x1 = 1,

y2 = 1; y1 = 1,5.

93

x + y = 1,
) 2
x + y 2 = 1;

y = x 1,
2
x + ( x 1) 2 = 1;

y = x 1,
2
x + x 2 + 2 x + 1 1 = 0;

y = x 1,
x2 = 0,
x1 = 1,
y = x 1,

1
;
y
2
x
(
x
+
1
)
=
0
;
2 x + 2 x = 0;
2
y1 = 0.
x y = 2,
) 2
x y 2 = 17;

x = y + 2,

( y + 2) 2 y 2 17 = 0;

x = y + 2,
x = y + 2,
2

2
y + 4 y + 4 y 17 = 0; 4 y = 13;

21

x = 4 ,

13
y = .

247.
x + y = 8, x = 8 y,
x = 8 y,
)

2
xy = 20; (8 y ) y + 20 = 0; 8 y y + 20 = 0.

y28y20=0;
D=(8)241(20)=144;
8 + 12
8 12
= 10 y1 =
= 2.
y2 =
2
2
y1 = 2,
y2 = 10,

x1 = 10.
x2 = 2;
x = 0,8 + y,
x y = 0,8, x = 0,8 + y,
)

2
xy = 2,4;
(0,8 + y ) y 2,4 = 0; 0,8 y + y 2,4 = 0.

5y2+4y12=0;
D=4245(12)=256;
4 + 16
4 16
y2 =
= 1,2 y1 =
= 2.
10
10
y1 = 2,
y2 = 1,2,

x1 = 1,2.
x2 = 2;
x 2 y 2 = 8, (4 + y ) 2 y 2 = 8, 16 + 8 y + y 2 y 2 8 = 0,
)

x y = 4;
x = 4 + y;
x = 4 + y;
8 y = 8, y = 1,

x = 4 + y; x = 3.

94

x 2 + y 2 = 5,
)
x + y = 3;

( x 3) 2 + x 2 5 = 0,

y = x 3;

x 2 + 3 x + 2 = 0

y = x 3
3 + 1
= 1 ;
x2+3x+2=0; D=32412=1; x2 =
2
3 1
= 2.
x1 =
2
x2 = 1, x1 = 2,

y2 = 2; y1 = 1.
x 2 + 6 x + 9 + x 2 5 = 0, 2 x 2 + 6 x + 4 = 0,

y = x 3;
y = x 3.

248.
y = 2 x + 2,
y 2 x = 2, y = 2 x + 2,
) 2
2

5 x y = 1; 5 x (2 x + 2) 1 = 0; 5 x 2 2 x 3 = 0.

5x22x3=0;
D=(2)245(3)=64;
2+8
28
= 1 ; x1 =
= 0,6.
x2 =
10
10
x2 = 1, x1 = 0,6,

y2 = 4; y1 = 0,8.
x 2 y 2 = 2,
)
3x + y = 7;

x 2(7 3 x) 2 = 2,

y = 7 3 x;

x 2(49 42 x + 9 x 2 ) 2 = 0, x 98 + 84 x 18 x 2 2 = 0,

y = 7 3 x;
y = 7 3x;
18 x 2 + 85 x 100 = 0,

y = 7 3x.
18x285x+100=0;
85 + 5
2
85 5
x2 =
= 2,5 ; x1 =
=2 .
36
9
36
2
1

x2 = 2 2 , x1 = 2 9 ,

y = 1 ; y = 1 .
2
1

2
3

D=(85)2418100=25;

95

x 2 3 y 2 = 52,
)
y x = 14;

x 2 3(14 + x) 2 52 = 0,

y = 14 + x;

x 2 588 84 x 3x 2 52 = 0, 2 x 2 84 x 640 = 0,

y = 14 + x;
y = 14 + x.
x2+42x+320=0; D=42241320=484;
42 + 22
42 22
= 10 ; x1=
= 32.
x2 =
2
2
x2 = 10, x1 = 32,

y1 = 18.
y2 = 4;
3 x 2 + 2 y 2 = 11,
)
x + 2 y = 3;

D = 22 ;

3(2 y + 3) 2 + 2 y 2 = 11,

x = 2 y + 3;

3(4 y 2 12 y + 9) + 2 y 2 11 = 0,

x = 2 y + 3;

14 y 2 36 y + 16 = 0,

x = 2 y + 3.

7 y 2 18 y + 8 = 0

x = 2 y + 3

7y218y+8=0;
D=(18)2478=100;
18 + 10
18 10 4
y2 =
= 2 y1 =
= .
14
14
7
4

y1 = 7 ,
y2 = 2,

x2 = 1;
x = 1 6 .
1
7

4 2
16
( y ) + y 2 = 100, y 2 + y 2 = 100,
x 2 + y 2 = 100, 3
9
)

3 x = 4 y;
x = 4 y;
x = 4 y;
3
3

25 2
9 y = 100,

x = 4 y;

96

y 2 = 36,
y = 6,
y2 = 6,

4
x1 = 8.
x = y; x2 = 8;
3

2 x 2 y 2 = 32,
)
2 x y = 8.

2 x 2 (2 x 8) 2 = 32,

y = 2 x 8;

2 x 2 4 x 2 + 32 x 64 32 = 0,

y = 2 x 8;

2 x 2 + 32 x 96 = 0,

y = 2 x 8.

x 2 16 x + 48 = 0

y = 2 x 8

x216x+48=0;
16 + 8
16 8
= 12 ; x1 =
= 4.
x2 =
2
2
x = 4,
x2 = 12,
1

y
16
;
=
y1 = 0.
2

D=(16)24148=64

249.
2 xy y = 7, 2 y (5 y + 2) y = 7, 10 y 2 + 3 y 7 = 0,
)

x = 5 y + 2.
x 5 y = 2; x = 5 y + 2;
2
D=32410(7)=289;

10y +3y7=0;
3 + 17
3 17
= 0,7 ; y1 =
= 1.
y2 =
20
20
y = 1,
y2 = 0,7,
1

x
5
,
5
;
=
x1 = 3.
2
2 x 2 xy = 33,
)
4 x y = 17;

2 x 2 x(4 x 17) = 33,

y = 4 x 17;

2 x 2 4 x 2 + 17 x 33 = 0,

y = 4 x 17;

2 x 2 + 17 x 33 = 0,

y = 4 x 17.

2 x 2 17 x + 33 = 0

y = 4 x 17

2x217x+33=0;
17 + 5
17 5
x2 =
= 5,5 x1 =
= 3.
4
4
x = 3,
x2 = 5,5,
1

y1 = 5.
y2 = 5;

D=(17)24233=25;

97

x 2 + 2 y = 18,

3 x = 2 y;

2 2
( y ) + 2 y 18 = 0,
3

x = 2 y;

4 2
9 y + 2 y 18 = 0,

x = 2 y.

2 y 2 + 9 y 81 = 0

2
x = y
3

2y2+9y81=0; D=9242(81)=729;
9 + 27
9 27
= 4,5 ; y1 =
= 9.
y2 =
4
4
y = 9,
y2 = 4,5,
1

x1 = 6.
x2 = 3;
x y 4 = 0,
) 2
x + y 2 = 8,5;

x = y + 4,

( y + 4) 2 + y 2 8,5 = 0;

x = y + 4,
2
y + 8 y + 16 + y 2 8,5 = 0;
x = y + 4
2
4 y +!6 y + 15 = 0

4y2+16y+15=0;
16 + 4
16 4
= 1,5 y1 =
= 2,5.
y2 =
8
8
y2 = 1,5, y1 = 2,5,

x2 = 2,5; x1 = 1,5.
x 2 + 4 y = 10,
)
x 2 y = 5;

D = 27 ;

x = y + 4,
2
2 y + 8 y + 7,5 = 0

D=1624415=16;

(2 y 5) 2 + 4 y = 10,

x = 2 y 5;

4 y 2 20 y + 25 + 4 y 10 = 0, 4 y 2 16 y + 15 = 0,

x = 2 y 5;
x = 2 y 5.
2

4y 16y+15=0;
D=(16)24415=16;
16 + 4
16 4
= 2,5 ; y1 =
= 1,5.
y2 =
8
8

98

y1 = 1,5,
y2 = 2,5,

x1 = 2.
x2 = 0;
x 2 y + 1 = 0,
)
5 xy + y 2 = 16.

x = 2 y 1,

5 y (2 y 1) + y 2 16 = 0;

x = 2 y 1,
x = 2 y 1,

2
2
10 y 5 y + y 16 = 0; 11y 2 5 y 16 = 0.

11y25y16=0;
D=(5)2411(16)=729;
5
5 27
5 + 27
D = 27 ; y2 =
= 1 ; y1 =
= 1.
11
22
22
5

y2 = 1 11 ,
y = 1,
1

x1 = 3.
x = 1 10 ;
2
11

250.
2 x + 4 y = 5( x y ), 2 x + 4 y = 5 x 5 y, x = 3 y,
) 2
2

x y 2 = 6;
(3 y ) 2 y 2 = 6;
x y 2 = 6;
x = 3 y,
x = 3 y,

3
2
9 y y = 6; y 2 = .
4

3
3
,
,
y2 =
y1 =

2
2

3 3
3 3

x2 = 2 ;
x1 = 2 .

u v = 6(u + v ),
2
2
u v = 6;

u = 5 v,
7
( v) 2 v 2 = 6;
5

u = 5 v,
49
v 2 v 2 = 6;
25

u v = 6u + 6v,
2
2
u v = 6;

5u = 7v
2
2
u v = 6

u = 5 v,

v 2 = 25 ;

v2 = 2,5,
v1 = 2,5,

u 2 = 3,5;
u1 = 3,5;

251.
5 y 6 x 50 = 0,
6( y x) 50 = y, 6 y 6 x 50 = y,
)

24

y xy = 24;
y (1 x) = 24;
y = 1 x ;

99

5 24
6 x 50 = 0,
1 x

24
y =
;

1 x

120 6 x (1 x ) 50(1 x)
= 0,

1 x

24
y =
,

1 x

120 6 x + 6 x 2 50 + 50 x = 0,

24

y = 1 x ;

6 x 2 + 44 x + 70 = 0,

24

y = 1 x .

3x2+22x+35=0;
22 + 8
22 8
1
= 2 ; x1 =
= 5.
x2 =
6
3
6

3x 2 + 22 x + 35 = 0

24

y = 1 x

D=2224335=64;

x 2 = 2 3 ,
x = 5,
1

1
y1 = 4.
y2 = 7 ;
5

p = 3t
p + 5t = 2( p + t ), p + 5t = 2 p + 2t , p = 3t ,
pt t = 10;
3t t t 10 = 0; 2

3t t 10 = 0

)
pt t = 10;

3t2t10=0;
1 + 11
1 11
2
= 2 t1 =
= 1 .
t2 =
6
6
3
2

t 2 = 2,
t = 1 ,
1
3

p2 = 6;
p1 = 5.

D=(1)243(10)=121;

252.
( x 2)( y + 3) = 160, ( x 2)( x + 4) = 160,
)

y x = 1;
y = x + 1;
x 2 2 x + 4 x 8 160 = 0, x 2 2 x 168 = 0,

y = x + 1;
y = x + 1;
x2+2x168=0; D=2241(168)=676;
2 + 26
2 26
x2 =
= 12 x1 =
= 14.
2
2
x1 = 14,
x2 = 12,

y1 = 13.
y2 = 13;
( x y )( y + 10) = 9, ( y + 10)( y + 10) = 9,
)

x y = 11;
x = 11 + y;
100

D = 26 ;

y 2 + 20 y + 100 9 = 0,

x = 11 + y.

y2+20y+91=0;
20 + 6
20 6
y2 =
= 7 y1 =
= 13.
2
2
y1 = 13,
y2 = 7,

x1 = 2.
x2 = 4;

D=2024191=36;

253.
y = 0,5 x 2 2, y = 0,5 x 2 2,

y x = 2;
y = x + 2.
1) y=0,5x22 , (.. x2 ).

2) : x =
(0;2).
3)
y

3 2 1 0
1
2
0 1,5 2 1,5 0
5
2
4) y=x+2 .
x
0
2
y
2
4
5) : (2; 0); (4; 6).
y = x + 2,
6)

b
0
=
= 0; y = 2;
2a
2 0,5

3
5
2

y = x + 2,

x + 2 = 0,5 x 2; 0,5 x 2 x 4 = 0.
2

101

x22x8=0; D=(2)241(8)=36; x2 =
26
= 2.
2
x = 2,
x1 = 4,
2

=
y
6
;
y 2 = 0.
1

2+6
=4;
2

x1 =

254.

) 1) x2+y2=16
. (0; 0) 4.
2) y=x4 .
x
0
2
y
4
2
3) : (4; 0); (0; 4).
x 2 + y 2 = 16, ( y + 4) 2 + y 2 16 = 0,
4)

x y = 4;

x = y + 4;

y 2 + 8 y + 16 + y 2 16 = 0, y 2 + 8 y = 0, 2 y ( y + 4) = 0,

x = y + 4;
x = y + 4;
x = y + 4;
y = 4,
y 2 = 0,
1

x1 = 0.
x2 = 4;

y = x 2 + 1, y = x 2 + 1,
)

x + 2 y = 5; x = 2 y + 5.
1) y=x2+1 ,
(.. x2 ).

2) : xB =
3)

x 3 2 1 0
y 10 5 2 1
102

1
2

2 3
5 10

b
0
=
= 0; y=1; (0;1).
2a
2 1

4) x=2y+5 .
x
1
5
y
2
0
5) : (1,5; 3,2); (1; 2).
x = 2 y + 5,
x = 2 y + 5,
6)

2
(2 y + 5) + 1 y = 0; 4 y 2 21y + 25 + 1 = 0.

4y221y+25=0;
D=(21)24426=25;
21 + 5
1
21 5
= 3 y1 =
= 2.
y2 =
8
4
8
1

y1 = 2,
y2 = 3 ,
4

x1 = 1.
x2 = 1,5;

255.
x 2 + xy y 2 = 11, (2 y + 1) 2 + (2 y + 1) y y 2 = 11,
)

x 2 y = 1;
x = 2 y + 1;
4 y 2 + 4 y + 1 + 2 y 2 + y y 2 = 11,

x = 2 y + 1;

5 y 2 + 5 y 10 = 0,

x = 2 y + 1.

y 2 + y 2 = 0

x = 2 y + 1
y2+y2=0; D=1241(2)=9; y2 =
y1 =

1 3
= 2.
2

1 + 3
=1;
2

103

y1 = 2,
y2 = 1,

x1 = 3.
x2 = 3;
x 2 + xy 3 y = 9,
)
3x + 2 y = 1;

x 2 + xy 3 y = 9,

2 y = 3x 1;

x 2 + x(1,5 x 0,5) 3(1,5 x 0,5) = 9,

y = 1,5 x 0,5;
x 2 1,5 x 2 0,5 x + 4,5 x + 1,5 9 = 0,

y = 1,5 x 0,5;

0,5 x 2 + 4 x 7,5 = 0,

y = 1,5 x 0,5.

x 2 8 x + 15 = 0

y = 1,5 x 0,5
x28x+15=0; D=(8)2415=4; x2 =
82
= 3.
2
x1 = 3,
x2 = 5,

y1 = 5.
y2 = 8;

x1 =

256.
x 2 + y 2 + 3 xy = 1,
)
x + 2 y = 0;

(2 y ) 2 + y 2 + 3 y (2 y ) + 1 = 0,

x = 2 y;

4 y 2 + y 2 6 y 2 = 1,

x = 2 y;

y 2 = 1,

x = 2 y;

y = 1,
y2 = 1,
1

x1 = 2.
x2 = 2;
u + 2v = 4,
) 2
u + uv v = 5;

u = 4 2v,

(4 2v) 2 + (4 2v)v v = 5;

u = 4 2v,
u = 4 2v,

16 16v + 4v 2 + 4v 2v 2 v = 5; 2v 2 13v + 21 = 0.

104

8+2
=5;
2

2v 2 13v + 21 = 0;
13 + 1
13 1
v2 =
= 3,5 v1 =
= 3.
4
4

D=(13)24221=1;

v 2 = 3,5,
v1 = 3,
u = 3; u = 2.
2
1

257.
x y = 5,

x = y + 5,

x = y + 5,

6 y + 6( y + 5) y ( y + 5)
6
) 1 1 1 6
+ = ;
+ 1 = 0;
= 0;

x y 6 y + 5 y

y ( y + 5)
x = y + 5,
x = y + 5
x = y + 5,
2
2

2
y
y
y
y
y
y
7
30
0
;
6
6
30
5
0
;

+
+
=
+
+

y 7 y 30 = 0

y27y30=0;
7 + 13
7 13
= 10 y1 =
= 3.
y2 =
2
2
x = 2,
x2 = 15,
1

y1 = 3.
y2 = 10;
x + y = 6,

) 1 1 1
x y = 4;

y = 6 x,

1
4
x 6 x 1 = 0;

y = 6 x,

24 4 x 4 x 6 x + x 2 = 0;

D=(7)241(30)=169;

y = 6 x,

4(6 x) 4 x x(6 x)
= 0;

x (6 x )

y = 6 x,
2
x 14 x + 24 = 0.

x214x+24=0;
14 + 10
14 10
x2 =
= 12 x1 =
= 2.
2
2
x1 = 2,
x2 = 12,

y
=

6
.
y1 = 4;
2
3x + y = 1,
y = 1 3 x,

) 1 1
2
2
+
=

2
,
5
;
x y
x + 1 3x + 5 = 0;

D=(14)24124=100;

y = 1 3 x,

2(1 3x) + 2 x + 5 x(1 3 x)


= 0;

x(1 3x)

105

y = 1 3 x,
y = 1 3 x
y = 1 3 x,

2
2
2 6 x + 2 x + 5 x 15 x = 0; 15 x + x + 2 = 0. 15 x 2 x 2 = 0

15x2x2=0;
D=(1)2415(2)=121;
1 + 11 2
1 11
1
x2 =
= ; x1 =
= .
30
5
30
3
2

x2 = 5 ,
x1 = ,

3

y = 1 ;
y1 = 2.
2
5
3
1 1 1 3
1 = 0,
= ,
) y x 3 y 2 y + 2
x 2 y = 2; x = 2 y + 2;

3(2 y + 2) 3 y y (2 y + 2)
= 0,

y (2 y + 2)

x = 2 y + 2;

2 y 2 + y + 6 = 0,

x = 2 y + 2.

6 y + 6 3 y 2 y 2 2 y = 0

x = 2 y + 2

2 y 2 y 6 = 0

x = 2 y + 2

2y2y6=0;
1+ 7
1 7
= 2 ; y1 =
= 1,5.
y2 =
4
4
y = 1,5,
y2 = 2,
1
.

6
;
x
=
x1 = 1.
2

D=(1)242(6)=49;

258.
y = x 2 8 x + 16,
)
2 x 3 y = 0;

y = x 2 8 x + 16,

2 x 3( x 2 8 x + 16) = 0;

y = x 2 8 x + 16,

2 x 3 x 2 + 24 x 48 = 0;
y = x 2 8 x + 16
2
3x 26 x + 48 = 0

106

y = x 2 8 x + 16,

3x 2 + 26 x 48 = 0;

3x226x+48=0;
26 + 10
26 10
2
x2 =
= 6 ; x1 =
=2 .
6
6
3
7

y =1 ,
y2 = 4,
1
9

x
=
6
;
2

x = 2 2 .
1
3

D=(26)24348=100;

107

( x 5) 2 + ( y 4) 2 = 65, ( x 5) 2 + ( y 4) 2 = 65,

3 x y + 6 = 0;
y = 3x + 6;

x 2 10 x + 25 + 9 x 2 + 12 x + 4 65 = 0,

y = 3 x + 6;

10 x 2 + 2 x 36 = 0,

y = 3 x + 6.

5 x 2 + x 18 = 0

y = 3 x + 6

J_rbf

mjZ\g_gb_

2
x +x18=0;

1 + 19
1 19
x2 =
= 1,8 ; x1 =
= 2.
10
10
x = 2,
x2 = 1,8,
beb 1

y2 = 11,4;
y1 = 0.

D=124 



259.
x y = 4,

y = x 2 5 x + 5;

y = x 4,

x 4 x 2 + 5 x 5 = 0;

y = x 4,
2
x + 6 x 9 = 0.

y = x 4
2
x 6 x + 9 = 0

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_

x26x+9=0; D=(6)241

m=34=1



x=

6+0
= 3,
2

y = 1,

x = 3.

260.
y = 2 x 2 5 x + 1, y = 2 x 2 5 x + 1,

2 x + y + 3 = 0;
y = 2 x 3;
2 x 3 2 x 2 + 5 x 1 = 0,

y = 2 x 3;

2 x 2 + 3x 4 = 0,

y = 2 x 3.

2 x 2 3 x + 4 = 0

y = 2 x 3

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ x23x+4=0; D=(3)24  Ld D lh


g_l dhjg_c djb\u_ g_ bf_xl lhq_d i_j_k_q_gby

261.
x + y = 12,

xy = 6;
2

6 2
2
( y ) + y = 12,

x = 6 ;

36
2
2 + y = 12,
y

x = 6 ;

y 4 12 y 2 + 36 = 0,

x = y .

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ y412y2  H[hagZqbf y2=v v2


12 + 0
12v+36=0; D=(12)2436=0; v =
= 6; y2=6 y2 = 6 ;
2
y = 6,
6. 6 ,
y1 =y2 =
beb 1

x2 = 6 ;
x1 = 6 .
36 + y 4 = 12 y 2

6
x = y

2 x 2 y 2 = 34,

xy = 20;

20 2
2
2 x ( x ) 34 = 0,

y = 20 ;

2 x 4 400 34 x 2 = 0,

20
.
y =
x

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ x417x2


200=0;

D=(17)241 



H[hagZqbf

x2=v v217v
17 + 33
v2 =
= 25
beb
2



17 33
= 8; x2  beb x2 
2
x = 5,
=5.
mjZ\g_gby
x2 = 5,ihemqZ_f
beb 1  x2  beb x1

4
.
4
;
y
y
=

=
1
2
v1 =

2 400
2 x 2 34 = 0,
x

20
y =
;

g_l dhjg_c ba i_j\h]h

262.

x 2 2 y 2 = 14, 2 x 2 = 32,

2
x + 2 y 2 = 18; x 2 2 y 2 = 14;

x 2 = 16
2
x 2 y 2 = 14

x = 4,
2
4 2 y 2 = 14;
x = 4,
2
y = 1;

beb

beb

x = 4,
x = 4

(4) 2 2 y 2 = 14; 2 y 2 = 2

beb

x = 4
2
2 y = 2

x = 4,
2
y = 1;

x2 = 4, x1 = 4, x4 = 4,

y2 = 1; y1 = 1; y4 = 1;
xy + x = 56, x y = 2,
[

xy + y = 54; xy + y = 54;

x3 = 4,

y3 = 1.
x = y + 2,

( y + 2) y + y 54 = 0;

x = y + 2,
2
y + 3 y 54 = 0.
J_rbf
mjZ\g_gb_
y2+3y54=0;
3 + 15
3 15
y2 =
= 6 beb y1 =
= 9.
2
2
y = 9,
y2 = 6,
beb 1

x2 = 8;
x1 = 7.
x = y + 2,
2
y + 2 y + y 54 = 0;

D=3241 



263.

9 2
( ) + y 2 18 = 0,
x + y = 18, y

xy = 9;
x = 9 ;

y
2

81
2
y 2 + y 18 = 0

x = 9

y 4 18 y 2 + 81 = 0,

x = y .

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_
D=(18)241
x2 = 3,

y2 = 3;

beb

y418y2  h[hagZqbf y2=t; t218t+81=0;


18 + 0
= 9 y2=9 y2  beb y1=3.
 t =
2
x1 = 3,

y1 = 3.

x 2 y 2 = 11,

xy = 30;

30 2
2
x ( x ) 11 = 0,

y = 30 ;

2 900
x x 2 11 = 0

y = 30

x 4 11x 2 900 = 0,

30
y = .
x

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ x411x2  H[hagZqbf x2=t t211t900=0;


11 + 61
11 61
D=(11)241   t 2 =
= 36 beb t1 =
= 25;
2
2
2
2
x =36; x1  beb x2=6; x  dhjg_c g_l
x = 6,
x1 = 6,
beb 2

y1 = 5;
y 2 = 5.

x 2 + y 2 = 61, 2 x 2 = 72,

2
x y 2 = 11; x 2 y 2 = 11;

x2 = 6,

36 y 2 = 11;

beb

x 2 = 36,
2
x y 2 = 11;

x1 = 6,

36 y 2 = 11;

x1 = 6, x 2 = 6, x 3 = 6,

y1 = 5; y 2 = 5; y 3 = 5;
3 x xy = 10, 3 x + y = 16,
]

y + xy = 6; y + xy = 6;
y = 3 x + 16,

3x + 16 3x 2 + 16 x 6 = 0;

x 4 = 6,

y 4 = 5.
y = 3x + 16,

3 x + 16 + x(3 x + 16) 6 = 0;
y = 3 x + 16,

3 x 2 + 13 x + 10 = 0;

y = 3 x + 16
2
3 x 13 x 10 = 0

J_rbf

mjZ\g_gb_ x213x10=0;
13 + 17
13 17
2
x2 =
= 5 beb x1 =
= .
6

x2 = 5,

y2 = 1;
4

beb

x1 = ,
3

y1 = 18.

D=(13)24 



264.
x 2 + y 2 = 36, x 2 + ( x 2 + 6) 2 36 = 0,

y = x 2 + 6;
y = x 2 + 6;

x 2 + x 4 + 12 x 2 + 36 36 = 0

y = x 2 + 6
x 4 + 13x 2 = 0,

y = x 2 + 6;

j_r_gbc

x 2 ( x 2 + 13) = 0, x = 0,

y = x 2 + 6;
y = 6.

x 2 + y 2 = 16,

( x 2) 2 + y 2 = 36; ( x 2) 2 x 2 = 20;
x 2 + y 2 = 16,

beb

x 2 = 13

y = 6

g_l

x 2 + y 2 = 16
2
x 4 x + 4 x 2 = 20

x 2 + y 2 = 16, x 2 + y 2 = 16 16 + y 2 = 16 y = 0

4 x = 16;
x = 4
x = 4
x = 4

265.

y = x 3 ,

y = 15 x;

=jZnbd nmgdpbb y=x3 dm[bq_kdZy iZjZ[heZ


jZkiheh`_ggZy \ , b ,,, q
 =jZnbd nmgdpbb y=15x ijyfZy ijhoh^ysZy q_j_a gZqZeh dhhj^bgZl
 j_r_gby


10

xy = 10, y = ,
x

y = x; y = x;

=jZnbd nmgdpbb
`_gu \ , b ,,, q

y=

10

]bi_j[heZ m dhlhjhc \_l\b jZkiheh-

=jZnbd nmgdpbb y=x ijyfZy [bkk_dljbkZ , b ,,, q 


 j_r_gby
\

x 2 + y 2 = 36,

y = x 2 + 3;

=jZnbd mjZ\g_gby x 2 + y 2 = 36 hdjm`ghklv


k p_gljhf \   b jZ^bmkhf 
2
 =jZnbd nmgdpbb y=x +3 iZjZ[heZ m dhlhjhc
\_l\b
gZijZ\e_gu \\_jo ld dhwnnbpb_gl ijb
x2 iheh`bl_e_g 
b
0
=
= 0; y\=3; (0; 3)
 GZc^_f dhhj^bgZlu \_jrbgu x B =
2a
2 1
 j_r_gby


266.

x(x1)x(0,2x+0,5)<0,6x4;

0,2x20,2x0,2x20,5x0,6x+4<0;

1
.
13
[ x(3x)+0,4x(3x1)<x+1,1;
1
2,2x<1,1; x< .
2

3,6x1,2x2+1,2x20,4xx1,1<0;

1,3x<4; x>3

267.

Z x22x+168>0.
2
 =jZnbd nmgdpbb y=x 2x+168 iZjZ[heZ
m dhlhjhc \_l\b
gZijZ\e_gu \gba ld dhwn 
nbpb_gl ijb x2 hljbpZl_e_g
2
2
 J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ x +2x168=0; D=2

41 



x1 =

2 + 26
2 26
= 12 ; x2 =
= 14.
2
2

3) (14;12).
[ x2+x2<0.

 m dhlhjhc \_l\b gZijZ\=jZnbd nmgdpbb y=15x2+x2 iZjZ[heZ


e_gu \\_jo ld dhwnnbpb_gl ijb x2 iheh`bl_e_g 2

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ x +x2=0; D=12


4 



x1 =

2
1 + 11 1
1 11
= ; x2 =
= .
30
5
30
3

2 1
3) ;
5 3
\ x + 14 <0;
3 2x
x 1,2
<0;
x + 25

x + 14
>0;
x 1,5

(; 14)(1,5; )

6 5x
>0;
x + 25

(25; 1,2)

268.
xy

Imklv i_j\h_ qbkeh jZ\gh x Z \lhjh_ y ba mkeh\by x+y


 Ihemqbf kbkl_fm
x + y = 12,

xy = 35;

y = 12 x,

x(12 x) = 35;



y = 12 x,

12 x x 2 35 = 0;

y = 12 x
2
x 12 xx + 35 = 0

J_rbf

mjZ\g_gb_

12 + 2
x2 =
=7;
2
x2 = 7,
beb

y2 = 5;

Hl\_l  b 

12 2
x1 =
= 5.
2
x1 = 5,

y1 = 7.

x212x+35=0;

D=(12)241



269.

Imklv f_gvr__ ba qbk_e jZ\gh x lh]^Z [hevr__ jZ\gh x  Ih


mkeh\bx x(x  Ihemqbf mjZ\g_gb_
7

7 + 1
7 1
= 3 ; x2 =
= 4.
2
2
 ijb x=4, x+7=4+7=3.

x2+7x+12=0; D=72412=1; x1 =

Ijb x=3, x 


Hl\_l  b  beb  b 
270.

H[hagZqbf klhjhgu ijyfhm]hevgbdZ a kf b b kf Ih l_hj_f_


IbnZ]hjZ a2+b2  b ih mkeh\bx a+2b  Ihemqbf kbkl_fm
a 2 + b 2 = 100,

2a + 2b = 28;

a 2 + b 2 = 100,

a + b = 14;

a = 14 b,

196 28b + b 2 + b 2 100 = 0

a = 14 b.

(14 b) 2 + b 2 = 100;

a = 14 b,
2
2b 28b + 96 = 0

a = 14 b
2
b 14b + 48 = 0

J_rbf

mjZ\g_gb_

14 + 2
14 2
b2 =
= 8 ; b1 =
= 6.
2
2
b = 6,
b2 = 8,
beb 1

a2 = 6;
a1 = 8.

b214b+48=0;

D=(14)241



Hl\_l  kf b kf

271.

H[hagZqbf ^ebgm i_j\hc klhjhgu ijyfhm]hevgbdZ x kf Z \lhjhc y kf lh]^Z x+14=y Ih l_hj_f_ IbnZ]hjZ x2+y2=262  KhklZ\bf kbkl_fm
x 2 + y 2 = 676,

x + 14 = y;

x 2 + ( x + 14) 2 = 676,

x + 14 = y;

x 2 + x 2 + 28 x + 196 676 = 0,

y = x + 14;
x 2 + 14 x 240 = 0

y = x + 14

2 x 2 + 28 x 480 = 0,

y = x + 14.

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_

x2+14x240=0; D=14241  


14 + 34
14 34
x1 =
= 10 ; x2 =
= 24 g_ ih^oh^bl ih kfukem
2
2

aZ^Zqb

x = 10,

y = 24.

Hl\_l  kf kf


272.

Imklv ^ebgZ mqZkldZ jZ\gZ x f Z rbjbgZ m f >ebgZ ba]hjh^b


jZ\gZ i_jbf_ljm mqZkldZ 2 x + 2 y = 200  IehsZ^v mqZkldZ
om  Bf__f kbkl_fm
2 o + 2 m = 200, o + m = 100, o = 100 m

om = 2400;
om = 2400; (100 m )m 2400 = 0;

J_rbf

mjZ\g_gb_

o = 100 m,

100 m m 2 2400 = 0.

m 100 m + 2400 = 0;
2

D = (100) 2 4 1 2400 = 400;


100 20
= 40.
2
1 = 40,
beb

=
60
;
1

y1 =

100 + 20
= 60 ;
2

y2 =

o
m

o 2 = 60,
m 2 = 40.

Hl\_l  f b  f
273.

H[hagZqbf ^ebgu dZl_lh\ Z kf b b kf Ih l_hj_f_ IbnZ]hjZ


I_jbf_lj lj_m]hevgbdZ a + b + 37 = 84  Bf__f
kbkl_fm
a 2 + b 2 = 37 2 = 1369
a 2 + b 2 = 1369,

a + b + 37 = 84;

a 2 + b 2 = 1369,

a + b = 47;

(47 b )2 + b 2 1369 = 0,

a = 47 b.

a 2 + b 2 1369 = 0

a = 47 b

2b 2 94b 840 = 0,

a = 47 b.

b 2 476 + 420 = 0

a = 47 b

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_

b247b+420=0 D = (47) 2 4 1 420 = 529;


47 + 23
47 23
= 35 ; b2 =
= 12.
D = 23 ; b1 =
2
2
b = 12,
b1 = 35,
beb 2

a1 = 12;
a 2 = 35.
1
S = 35 12 = 210 kf2.
2

274.

H[hagZqbf kdhjhklv i_j\h]h hljy^Z o dfq Z \lhjh]h m dfq Lh]^Z i_j\uc


hljy^ ijhr_e x df Z \lhjhc y df Ih l_hj_f_ IbnZ]hjZ y)2+(4x)2=242 ih mkeh\bx x4,8=4y Ihemqbf kbkl_fm
4 x 4,8 = 4 y,
x 1,2 = y,

(4 y )2 + (4 x )2 = 24 2 ; 16(x 1,2 )2 + 16 x 2 576 = 0;


x 1,2 = y,
x 1,2 = y,

2
2
(x 1,2 ) + x 36 = 0; x 2 2,4 x + 1,44 + x 2 36 = 0;

x 1,2 = y
2
x 1,2 x 17,28 = 0

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_
1,2 + 8,4
x1 =
= 4,8 beb
2
kfukem aZ^Zqb

x21,2x17,28=0; D=1,444  


1,2 8,4
x2 =
= 3,6 g_ ih^oh^bl ih
2

x = 4,8,

y = 4,8 1,2 = 3,6.

Hl\_l  dfq b  dfq


275.

H[hagZqbf kdhjhklv i_j\h]h l_eZ q_j_a o fk Z \lhjh]h q_j_a


m fk Lh]^Z i_j\h_ l_eh aZ  k ijhoh^bl x f Z \lhjh_ l_eh aZ  k
ijhoh^bl m f Ih mkeh\bx x=8y AZ  k i_j\h_ ijhoh^bl imlv x
f Z \lhjh_ l_eh m f Ih l_hj_f_ IbnZ]hjZ (15x )2 + (15 y )2 = 9.
Bf__f kbkl_fm

10

6 x = 8 y,

225 x 2 + 225 y 2 = 9;
3

y = 25 ,
beb y= 3

4
25
x =
;

25

x = 3 y,

25 16 y 2 + 25 y 2 = 1;
9

x = 3 y,

y2 = 9 ;

625

g_ ih^oh^bl ih kfukem aZ^Zqb

Hl\_l  fk b  fk


276.

H[hagZqbf ^ebgu klhjhg ijyfhm]hevgbdZ q_j_a Z kf b b kf Lh]^Z iehsZ^b d\Z^jZlh\ 2ihkljh_gguo
gZ klhjhgZo ijyfhm]hevgbdZ
khhl\_lkl\_ggh jZ\gu a kf2 b b2 kf2 Ih mkeh\bx a2+2b2=122.
IehsZ^v ijyfhm]hevgbdZ jZ\gZ ab  Ihemqbf kbkl_fm
2
2
2a 2 + 2b 2 = 122, a + b = 61,

30
ab = 30;
;
a =
b

900
2
2 + b = 61,
b

a = 30 ;

30 2
+ b 2 = 61,
b

30

a = b ;

900 + b 4 61b 2 = 0,

30
;
a =
b

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_

H[hagZqbf

b 2 = t  lh]^Z
61 + 11
t 2 61t + 900 = 0 ; D = (61) 2 4 1 900 = 121; t1 =
= 36 beb
2
61 11
t2 =
= 25  lh]^Z b 2 = 36 beb b 2 = 25.
2
b = 6 beb b = 6 g_ ih^oh^bl ih kfukem aZ^Zqb  b = 5 beb
b = 5 g_ ih^oh^bl ih kfukem aZ^Zqb 
a = 6,
a = 5,
beb

b = 6;
b = 5.
b 4 61b 2 + 900 = 0 

Hl\_l  kf b  kf

11

277.

H[hagZqbf ^ebgu dZl_lh\ lj_m]hevgbdZ a kf b b kf Ih mkeh\bx S = 1 ab = 24. Ih l_hj_f_ IbnZ]hjZ a 2 + b 2 = 100. AZibr_f
2
kbkl_fm
1
ab = 24,
2
a 2 + b 2 = 100;

ab = 48,
2
a + b 2 = 100;

48

a = b ,

2
48 + b 2 = 100;
b

H[hagZqbf

48

,
a =
b

2304 + b 4 100b 2 = 0.

b2 = t 

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_

t 2 100t + 2304 = 0.
100 + 28
t=
= 64
beb
2

D = (100) 2 4 1 2304 = 784.

100 28
= 36 ; b 2 = 64 beb b 2 = 36 . b  beb b  g_ ih^oh^bl
2
ih kfukem aZ^Zqb  b  beb b  g_ ih^oh^bl ih kfukem aZ^Zqb 
b = 6,
b = 8,
beb

a
=
6
;

a = 8.
t=

Hl\_l  kf b  kf
278.

H[hagZqbf ^ebgu dZl_lh\ lj_m]hevgbdZ Z kf b b kf Ih l_hj_f_ IbnZ]hjZ a2+b2=132  ?keb i_j\uc dZl_l m\_ebqblv gZ 
kf lh _]h ^ebgZ klZg_l a kf Z ^ebgZ
]bihl_gmau [m^_l jZ\gZ
2
2
  kf Ih l_hj_f_ IbnZ]hjZ a+4) +b  Ihemqbf kbkl_fm

Z
Z

2 + b 2 = 169,

( + 4)2 + b 2 = 225;

b 2 = 169 2 ,
2
a + 8a + 16 + 169
b = 12,
(b

a = 5;



Z 2 = 225;

Z 2 = 225;
b 2 = 169 Z 2 , b 2 = 169 5 2 ,

8a = 40;

g_ ih^oh^bl ih kfukem 

Hl\_l  kf b  kf
12

b 2 = 169 2 ,

( + 4)2 + 169

a = 5.

279.

H[hagZqbf \j_fy jZ[hlu i_j\h]h wdkdZ\ZlhjZ aZ x q Z \lhjh]h


aZ y q Ih mkeh\bx o+4=m I_j\uc wdkdZ\Zlhj jZ[hlZy hl^_evgh
\uihegbl aZ  qZk 1 qZklv \k_c jZ[hlu Z \lhjhc 1 qZklv \k_c

jZ[hlu JZ[hlZy \f_kl_ aZ  q hgb \uihegyxl


jZ[hlu Z aZ



fbg




1 1
+
x y

qZklv \k_c

q hgb \uihegyl \kx jZ[hlm l_

15 1 1
+ = 1  AZibr_f kbkl_fm
4 x y
x + 4 = y,
x + 4 = y,

1
15 1 1
1

4 x + y = 1; 15 x + x + 4 = 4;



x + 4 = y

15(x + 4) + 15 x 4 x(x + 4)
=0

x(x + 4)

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ x+60+15x4x216x=0; 2x27x30=0; D=(7)2


7 17
5
7 + 17
= 6 ; x2 =
=
g_ ih^oh^bl ih
4   x1 =
4
4
2
kfukem aZ^Zqb 
x = 6,

y = 10.

Hl\_l  q b  q
280.

Imklv i_j\uc dhf[Zcg_j jZ[hlZy hl^_evgh \uihegbl jZ[hlm aZ


Z \lhjhc aZ m q Lh]^Z o24=m AZ  q jZ[hlZy hl^_evgh i_j\uc dhf[Zcg_j m[_j_l 1 qZklv ihey Z \lhjhc 1 qZklv ihey JZx q

[hlZy kh\f_klgh ^\Z dhf[Zcg_jZ m[_jml \k_ ihe_ aZ


1 1
35 + = 1  Ihemqbf kbkl_fm
x y

q l_

13

x + 24 = y,

35 35
x + y = 1;

y = x + 24,

35
35
x + x + 24 1 = 0;

y = x + 24

35(x + 24) + 35 x x(x + 24)


=0

x(x + 24)

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ x+840+35xx224=0; x246x840=0;


46 + 74
46 74
D=(46)241(840)=5476; x1 =
= 60 beb x2 =
= 14
2
2

g_ ih^oh^bl ih kfukem aZ^Zqb 

x = 60,

y = 84.

Hl\_l  q b  q
281.

H[hagZqbf \j_fy aZ dhlhjh_ i_j\Zy [jb]Z^Z aZZknZevlbjm_l


mqZklhd ^hjh]b aZ x q Z \lhjZy aZ m q Ih mkeh\bx x4=m AZ  qZk
jZ[hlZy hl^_evgh i_j\Zy [jb]Z^Z aZZknZevlbjm_l 1 qZklv mqZkldZ
x

^hjh]b Z \lhjZy [jb]Z^Z

1
y

qZklv mqZkldZ JZ[hlZy \f_kl_ aZ 

qZk h[_ [jb]Z^u aZZknZevlbjmxl


lZy \f_kl_



1 1
+
x y

qZklv \k_]h mqZkldZ JZ[h-

qZkZ hgb aZZknZevlbjmxl

1 1
24 + = 5  Ihemqbf kbkl_fm
x y
x 4 = y,
x 4 = y,

1
1 1
1

=
+
24
5
;
x y
24 x + x 4 5 = 0;



x 4 = y

24(x 4 ) + 24 x 5 x(x 4 )
=0

x(x 4 )

14

mqZkldh\ l_

24(x 4) + 24 x 5 x(x 4)
= 0.
x(x 4)

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_

24x96+24x

5x2+20x=0; 5x268x+96=0; D=(68)24 


D = 52 ;
68 + 52
68 52
x1 =
= 12 beb x2 =
= 1,6
10
10
y = 2,4,
y = 8,
beb
g_ ih^oh^bl ih kfukem aZ^Zqb

12
.
=
x
x

= 1,6;

Hl\_l  q b  q
282.

H[hagZqbf fZkkm ^_lZeb klZjh]h lbiZ o d] Z ^_lZeb gh\h]h lbiZ

m d] Ih mkeh\bx o=m Ba  d] f_lZeeZ ihemqblky


gh\h]h lbiZ Z ba  d] f_lZeeZ ihemqblky
Ih mkeh\bx

2+

24 22

=
2 +
x
y

x = y + 0,2;

24
x

22
y

^_lZe_c

^_lZe_c klZjh]h lbiZ

24 22
 Ihemqbf kbkl_fm
=
x
y
22
24
+2
= 0,

0
,
2
+
y
y

x = y + 0,2.

24 y + 2 y (y + 0,2) 22( y + 0,2)


=0

y ( y + 0,2)

x = y + 0,2

24 y + 2 y ( y + 0,2) 22( y + 0,2)


= 0. y2+1,2y
y ( y + 0,2)
1,2 + 3,2
y1 =
= 1;
D=1,444(2,2)=10,24;
2

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_
2,2=0;

1,2 3,2
y2 =
= 2,2
y = 1,2

x = 1 + 0,2 = 1,2.

g_ ih^oh^bl ih kfukem aZ^Zqb 

Hl\_l  d] b  d]

15

283.

H[hagZqbf kdhjhklv i_j\h]h i_r_oh^Z o dfq Z kdhjhklv \lhjh]h m dfq AZ  qZkZ i_j\uc i_r_oh^ ijhc^_l o df Z \lhjhc
4m df JZkklhygb_ f_`^m gbfb khklZ\bl  df Ihemqbf mjZ\g_gb_
4o+4m  l_ o+m  AZ  qZk i_j\uc i_r_oh^ ijhr_e o df ihke_
q_]h _fm ^h \klj_qb hklZehkv ijhclb o df Wlm qZklv imlb hg
ijhc^_l aZ \j_fy 20 x q qlh jZ\gh \j_f_gb aZ dhlhjh_ ijhc^_l

iheh\bgm imlb \lhjhc i_r_oh^ l_


x + y = 9;

20 x 20
x = y ;

y = 9 x;

20
20 x
x 9 x = 0

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_

20 x 20
=
 Ihemqbf kbkl_fm
x
y
y = 9 x

(20 x )(9 x ) 20 x
=0

x(9 x )

(20 x )(9 x ) 20 x = 0 .
x(9 x )

49 41
= 4.
2
y = 36
x = 4,
g_ ih^oh^bl ih kfukem aZ^Zqb beb

x = 45
y = 5;

D=(49)24180=1681; x =

49 + 41
= 45
2

x249x+180=0;

beb

x=

Hl\_l  dfq b  dfq


284.

H[hagZqbf kdhjhklv i_j\h]h lmjbklZ o dfq Z \lhjh]h m dfq


Lh]^Z x=m I_j\uc lmjbkl ijhc^_l imlv ba F \ N aZ 18 q Z \lhx

jhc aZ

18
y

q Ih mkeh\bx \lhjhc lmjbkl ijbr_e \ N gZ  fbg

q iha`_ i_j\h]h l_


x = y + 1,

18 9 18
x + 10 = y ;

16

18 9 18
+
=
x 10 y

Ihemqbf kbkl_fm

x = y + 1,

9 18
18
y + 1 + 10 y = 0

9
10

x = y + 1

180 y + 9 y ( y + 1) 180( y + 1)
=0

10 y ( y + 1)

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ 180 y + 9 y(y + 1) 180(y + 1) = 0. 180y+9y2+9y


10 y ( y + 1)
1 + 9
y1 =
180y180=0;
y2+y20=0;
D=1241(20)=81;
= 4;
2
1 9
y2 =
= 5 g_ ih^oh^bl ih kfukem aZ^Zqb 
2
[ = 

\ = 

Hl\_l  dfq b  dfq


285.

H[hagZqbf kdhjhklv fhlhpbdebklZ ba F o dfq Z kdhjhklv fhlhpbdebklZ ba N m dfq Ih mkeh\bx hgb \klj_lbebkv q_j_a  fbg 1
q agZqbl ijh_oZeb \f_kl_ \_kv imlv hl F ^h

o+m



Fhlhpbdebkl ba F ijh_^_l imlv ba F

pbdebkl ba

ijh_^_l imlv ba

50 25 50
2 1
2
+
=
 l_
+
=
y 60 x
y 60 x

\ F aZ

Ihemqbf kbkl_fm

x + y = 100, x = 100 y,

2 2 1
2
2 1
+
=
;
y 60 x y + 60 100 y = 0;

x = 100 y

120(100 y ) + y (100 y ) 120 y = 0


=0

60 y (100 y )

J_rbf

120y=0;

2
1
1
N: x + y = 50, l_
2
2
50
\ N aZ
q Z fhlhx
50
q Ih mkeh\bx
y

mjZ\g_gb_

y +140y12000=0;

2
y+100yy

D=196004(12000)=67600;

17

140 + 260
= 60 ;
2

y1 =

y2 =

kfukem aZ^Zqb 

140 260
= 200
2

g_ ih^oh^bl ih

y = 60,

x = 40.

Hl\_l  dfq b  dfq


286.

y = 3 x 4,
2
x ( 3 x 4 )2 2 = 0;

J_rbf
x=

mjZ\g_gb_

y = 3 x 4,
2
x 9 x 2 24 x 16 2 = 0.

4 x 2 + 12 x + 9 = 0;

D = 122 4 4 9 = 0;

12 + 0
= 1,5.
8
x = 1,5,

y = 0,5.

y = 3 x + 2,
2
x x( 3 x + 2 )2 3,36 = 0;

J_rbf

y = 3 x + 2,
2
x + 3 x 2 2 x 3,36 = 0;

mjZ\g_gb_

2 x 2 x 1,68 = 0;
1 + 3,8
1 3,8
D = (1) 2 4 2 ( 1,68) = 14,44; x1 =
= 1,2 ; x2 =
= 0,7
4
4
x = 0,7,
x1 = 1,2,
beb 2

y1 = 1,6;
y 2 = 4,1.

287.

y = x 2 3x + 3;

2 x y 1 = 0;

y = x 2 3x + 3;

2 x x 2 3x + 3 1 = 0;

y = x 3 x + 3;
2
x + 5 x 4 = 0;
2

J_rbf
x1 =

mjZ\g_gb_

x 2 5 x + 4 = 0;

5+3
53
= 4 ; x2 =
= 1.
2
2

18

D = (5) 2 4 1 4 = 9;

x2 = 4,

y2 = 7;

beb

x1 = 1,

y1 = 1.

2
2

[ m = 2 o o + 1, m = 2(1,5) 1,5 + 1,

o = 1,5;
o
2
2
2

2
\ o + m = 100, (14 m ) + m 100 = 0,
o + m = 14;
o = 14 m;
196 28 m + m 2 + m 2 100 = 0, 2 m 2 28 m + 96 = 0,

o = 14 m;
o = 14 m.
= 1,5;

m
o

y = 4,5 1,5 + 1 = 4,

x = 1,5
= 1,5.

y 2 14 y + 48 = 0

x = 14 y

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ m 2 14 m + 48 = 0;
m1 = 14 + 2 = 8 beb m2 = 14 2 = 6 .
2

m = 6,
m2 = 8,
beb 1

o2 = 6;
o1 = 8;

D = (14) 2 4 1 48 = 4;

288.

Z o(o 6) < 0;
(0; 6);
[ o(8 + o ) 0;
( @[0; + 
2
\ o 4 0; (o 2)(o + 2) 0;
[2; 2];
2
( 6 ][
] x 6>0; (x 6 )(x+ 6 )>0;

6 ; +

289.

Z x3(x21)=0; x3(x+1)(x1)=0; x1=0, x2=1, x3=1.


[ x64x3 4=0; x4(x24)=0;2 x4(x+2)(x2)=0; x1=0, x2=2, x3=2.
\ x 32x=0; x(0,5x 32)=0; x1=0, x2=8, x3=8.
] x44x2=0; x2(0,2x24)=0; x1=0, x2=2 5 , x3=2 5 .
290.

(Z

)(

Z Z 25 = 0;
2

4 Z 2 + 4 = 25Z 2 16; Z 4 16 25Z 2 + 16 = 0; Z 4 25Z 2 = 0;

Z  beb Z 2 25 = 0, Z 2 = 25, Z2 = 5 beb Z3 = 5.


1

19

(o

)(

o 4 1 6o 2 + 1 = 0

1 o 2 + 1 = 6 o 2 1;

o1 = 0 beb o

6 = 0,

= 6, o2 = 6

beb

o 2 o 2 6 = 0;

o3 = 6 .

291.

Z o 2 (o 1) 4(o 1)2 = 0; (o 1)(o 2 4(o 1)) = 0; o 1 = 0 beb


o 2 4 o + 4 = 0; ba i_j\h]h mjZ\g_gby o1 = 1; ba \lhjh]h
D = (4) 2 4 1 4 = 0;

o 2 = 4 +2 0 = 2.

[ 2 m 2 (m + 1) (m + 1)2 = 0; (m + 1)(2 m 2 (m + 1)) = 0; m + 1 = 0 beb


2 m 2 m 1 = 0; ba i_j\h]h mjZ\g_gby m1 = 1  ba \lhjh]h
D = 1 4 2( 1) = 9;

(5o

m 2 = 1 +4 3 = 1 beb m 3 = 1 4 3 = 0,5.

)(

+ 40 19 o 2 + 38 o = 0;

5(o + 2 ) o 2 o + 4 19 o (o + 2 ) = 0;
2

(
)
(o + 2)(5(o 2 o + 4) 19 o ) = 0;

5 o 3 + 2 3 19 o (o + 2 ) = 0 ;
2

o + 2 = 0 beb 5o 2 10 o + 20 19 o = 0; ba i_j\h]h mjZ\g_gby o1 = 2;


D = (29) 2 4 5 20 = 441;
ba \lhjh]h 5o 2 29 o + 20 = 0;
o 2 = 2910+ 21 = 5 beb o3 = 2910 21 = 0,8.

6(o + 1) 31o (o + 1) = 0;
)(
)
(o + 1)(6(o o + 1) 31o ) = 0; o + 1 = 0 beb 6 o 6 o 31o = 0; ba i_j-

(6 o

+ 6 31o 2 + 31o = 0;

o1 = 1; ba \lhjh]h 6 o 2 37 o + 6 = 0;
37 + 35
37 35 1
D = (37) 2 4 6 6 = 1225; o3 =
= 6 beb o2 =
= .
12
12
6

\h]h

mjZ\g_gby

292.

=jZnbdhf nmgdpbb m = o 3 y\ey_lky dm[bq_kdZy iZjZ[heZ jZkiheh`_ggZy \ , b ,, q_l\_jlyo




1
1

=jZnbdhf nmgdpbb m = o y\ey_lky ijyfZy


3) o 3 o = 0; o(o 2 1) = 0; o(o + 1)(o 1) = 0;

20

o1 = 0, o3 = 1, o2 = 1.
293*.

MjZ\g_gb_ wd\b\Ze_glgh lZdhfm o 3 = Zo b; dhebq_kl\h j_r_gbc jZ\gh dhebq_kl\m lhq_d i_j_k_q_gby m dm[bq_kdhc iZjZ[heu
3
m = o b ijyfhc m = Zo b.
1) Z = 0. IjyfZy m = b
bf__l h^gm lhqdm i_j_k_q_gby k dm[bq_kdhc iZjZ[hehc
2)
Z > 0. IjyfZy
m = Zo b bf__l h^gm lhqdm i_j_k_q_gby k dm[bq_kdhc
iZjZ[hehc
3)

Z < 0.

Z b = 0. IjyfZy m = Zo
i_j_k_dZ_l dm[bq_kdmx iZjZ[hem \ lj_o lhqdZo
[ JZkkfhljbf \k_\hafh`gu_ ijyfu_ iZjZee_evgu_ m = Zo. Kms_kl\m_l
lZdZy ijyfZy dhlhjZy i_j_k_q_l iZjZ[hem jh\gh \ ^\mo lhqdZo Kbff_ljbqgZy _c hlghkbl_evgh
lhqdb H ijyfZy lZd`_ i_j_k_dZ_l iZjZ[hem \ ^\mo lhqdZo Wlb ijyfu_ bf_xl dhwnnbpb_gl b = b0 > 0 b b < 0. Ijb b > b0 b b < b0
ijyfZy i_j_k_dZ_l dm[bq_kdmx iZjZ[hem \ h^ghc lhqd_ Ijb
b0<b<b0 ijyfZy i_j_k_dZ_l iZjZ[hem \ lj_o lhqdZo

21

294*.

o 3 = 4 o 1. Ihkljhbf ]jZnbdb nmgdpbc

m=o

m = 4o 1

ijyfZy i_j_k_dZ_l Ho \ lhqd_ 1 ,0 b Hm \ lhqd_ (0,1)  =jZnbdb

i_j_k_dZxlky \ lj_o lhqdZo GZc^_f bo o1 1,7; o 2 0,3;


o3 2,1. Mlhqgbf agZq_gby

(1,5)3 = 3 3 < 4 3 1 = 5

2 3 = 8 > 4 2 1 = 7,

1)

1,5 <

o1 < 2. Ld (1,8)

= 5,832 < 4 1,8 1 = 6,2,

(1,9)3 = 6,859 > 4 1,9 1 = 6,6, lh 1,8 < o < 1,9. Ld
(1,85)3 6,33 < 4 1,85 1 = 6,40,
(1,87 )3 = 6,52 >
> 4 1,87 1 = 6,48, lh 1,85 < o < 1,87. LZd qlh

o1 1,86.

2) 1 = 1 > 4 1 1 = 0,
4

64

1
1
1
1
< 4 1 =
=
3
27
3
3

0,25 =

(0,27)3 0,0197 < 4 0,27 1 = 0,08,

(0,26)

o 2 0,25.

1
1
< o2 < = 0,33...
4
3

0,25 < o 2 < 0,27.

LZd

= 0,0175776 < 4 0,26 1 = 0,04.

qlh

( 2)3 = 8 > 4 ( 2) 1 = 9,

3)

( 2,1)3 = 9,261 > 4 ( 2,1) 1 = 9,4


( 2,3)3 = 12,167 < 4 (2,3) 1 = 10,2

2,3 < o 3 < 2,1


3
( 2,2) = 10,748 < 4 2,2 1 = 9,8;
2,2 < o < 2,1
3
( 2,15) 9,94 < 4 2,15 1 = 9,6. LZd qlh o 3 2,12.
295.

t 2 5t 24 = 0;
H[hagZqbf
o 2 + 6o = t

5 + 11
5 11
D = (5) 2 4 1 ( 24) = 121 t1 =
= 8 beb t 2 =
= 3;

22

x 2 + 6 x = 8;

D = 6 2 4 1 ( 8) = 68;

x 2 + 6 x 8 = 0;

6 + 2 17
6 2 17
= 3 + 17 beb x 2 =
= 3 17 beb
2
2
x 2 + 6 x = 3;
x 2 + 6 x + 3 = 0;
D = 6 2 4 1 3 = 24;

x1 =

62 6
= 3 6 .
2
2
2 5 = t t 2 2t 3 = 0;
[
H[hagZqbf
2+4
t1 =
D = (2) 2 4 1 ( 3) = 16;
=3
beb t2 = 2 4 = 1;
2
2
2
2
2
x 2 x 5 = 3;
x 2 x 8 = 0;
D = (2) 4 1 ( 8) = 36;
x3 =

x1 =

6+2 6
= 3 + 6
2

beb

2+6
=4
2

x2 =

beb

x4 =

26
= 2;
2

beb

D = (2) 2 4 1 ( 4) = 20;

x 2 2 x 4 = 0;

beb

x4 =

x3 =

x 2 2 x 5 = 1;
2+2 5
= 1+ 5
2

22 5
= 1 5.
2

H[hagZqbf

x 2 + 3 x 25 = t t 2 2t + 7 = 0;

D = (2) 2 4 1 7 < 0.

H[hagZqbf
D = (1) 2 4 1 ( 12) = 49;

(y + 2)2 = t t 2 t 12 = 0;

t1 =

1+ 7
=4
2

beb

t2 =

1 7
= 3;
2

(y + 2)2 = 4; y 2 + 4 y = 0; y(y + 4) = 0; m1  beb m2=4; beb


(y + 2)2 = 3 g_l j_r_gbc
^ H[hagZqbf x 2 + 2 x + 1 = t (t 1)(t + 1) = 3; t1 = 2 beb t2 = 2;
( x + 1) 2 = 2; x = 1+ 2 beb x = 1 2 ; beb ( x + 1) 2 = 2 g_l
dhjg_c
_ H[hagZqbf x 2 x = t (t 16)(t + 2) = 88; t 2 14t 120 = 0;
D = (14) 2 4 1 ( 120) = 676;
t2 =

14 26
= 6;
2

t1 =

14 + 26
= 20
2

beb

23

x 2 x = 20;

D = (1) 2 4 1 ( 20) = 81;

x 2 x 20 = 0;

1+ 9
1 9
= 5 beb x 2 =
= 4; beb x 2 x = 6; x 2 x + 6 = 0;
2
2
D = (1) 2 4 1 6 = 23 < 0 g_l dhjg_c
x1 =

` H[hagZqbf

2
2 x 2 + 7 x = t (t 8 )(t 3) 6 = 0; t 11t + 18 = 0;
11 + 7
11 7
D = (11) 2 4 1 18 = 49;
t1 =
=9;
t2 =
= 2;
2
2
2 x 2 + 7 x 9 = 0;
D = 7 2 4 2 ( 9) = 121;
2 x 2 + 7 x = 9;

7 + 11
=1
2

x2 =

beb

7 11
= 4,5;
2

beb

D = 7 2 4 2 ( 2) = 33;

2 x 2 + 7 x 2 = 0;
x3 =

x1 =

x4 =

2 x 2 + 7 x = 2;
7 + 65
4

beb

7 65
.
4

296*.
x 2 +1
=t
x

Z H[hagZqbf
1 5
t + = 0;
t 2

Lh]^Z

2t 2 + 2 5t
= 0,
2t

x 2 +1 1
= ;
x
2

2)
2

[ H[hagZqbf

(x 0);

x 2 +1 =

1
D = 4 1 1 < 0
2

J_rbf

mjZ\g_gb_

53
, t1
4

beb t 2 = 1 .
2

x 2 2 x + 1 = 0; ( 1)2=0, =1.

1
x (x 0 );
2

x2

1
x + 1 = 0;
2

dhjg_c g_l

x2 + 2
= t.
3x 2

Lh]^Z

3t 2 8t 3 = 0;
3t 2 3 8t = 0;
8 10
1
t=
, t2  beb t1 = .
6
3
24

1 5
t+ = ;
t 2

t 0.

2t 2 5t + 2 = 0; D = (5) 2 4 2 2 = 9; t =
x 2 +1
= 2; x 2 + 1 = 2 x
1)
x

1
1
t+ =2 ;
t
2

1
2
t =2 ;
t
3

1 8
t = 0;
t 3

D = (8) 2 4 3 (3) = 100;

x2 + 2
= 3;
3x 2

1)

D = (9) 2 4 1 8 = 49; x =
x2 + 2 1
= ;
3x 2 3

2)

x ;
3

x 2 + 2 = 9x 6
97
,
2

o  beb o =1.
2

x 2 + 2 = x +

D = 3 2 4 3 4 = 39 < 0

x 2 9 x + 8 = 0;

2
3

g_l dhjg_c

x ;
3

3x 2 + 3x + 4 = 0;

297.

Z H[hagZqbf
9+3
t1 =
= 6 beb
2

x2 = 6 ;

D = (9) 2 4 1 18 = 9;

x 2 = t t 2 9t + 18 = 0;
93
t2 =
= 3; x 2 = 6,
2

x 2 = 3,

hldm^Z

hldm^Z

x1 = 6

beb

x3 = 3

beb

x 4 = 3;

6 3 + 6 + 3 = 0.

[ H[hagZqbf x 2 = t t 2 + 3t 10 = 0; D = 32 4 1 ( 10) = 49;


3 + 7
3 7
t1 =
= 2 beb t 2 =
= 5; x 2 = 2  hldm^Z x1 = 2 beb
2

g_l dhjg_c
H[hagZqbf

x 2 = 2 ; x = 5
2

D = (12) 2 4 4 1 = 128;
t2 =

t1 =

( )

2 + 2 = 0.
x 2 = t 4t 2 12t + 1 = 0;
12 + 8 2
= 1,5 + 2
8

12 8 2
= 1,5 2 ; x 2 = 1,5 + 2 ,
8

x 2 = 1,5 + 2 ;

x 2 = 1,5 2 ,

hldm^Z

hldm^Z

x1 = 1,5 + 2

x 3 = 1,5 2

beb
beb
beb

x 4 = 1,5 2 ;

1,5 + 2 1,5 + 2 + 1,5 2 1,5 2 = 0.

]
H[hagZqbf
y 2 = t 12t 2 t 1 = 0;
1+ 7 1
t1 =
D = (1) 2 4 12 ( 1) = 49;
=
beb t2 = 1 7 = 1 ;
24
4
24
3

25

y2 =

g_c

1
,
3

hldm^Z

y1 =

1
3

beb

y2 =

1
3

beb

y2 =

1
,
4

g_l dhj-

1
1

= 0.
3
3

298*.

Ih^klZ\bf
4

3+ 5

mjZ\g_gb_

3 + 5 6 3 + 5 + 3 = 0.

(3 + 5 ) 6(3 + 5 )+ 3 = 9 + 6
2

Ih^klZ\bf
4

5 + 5 18 6 5 + 3 = 1 0.
5 2

mjZ\g_gb_

5 2 10 5 2 + 23 = 0.

(5 2 )

10 5 2 + 23 = 25 10 2 + 2 50 + 10 2 + 23 = 0.

299*.

MjZ\g_gb_ g_ bf__l dhjg_c _keb ihke_ aZf_gu khhl\_lkl\mxs__


_fm d\Z^jZlgh_
mjZ\g_gb_ g_ bf__l g_hljbpZl_evguo dhjg_c H[hagZqbf b=x2.
Z  W  W  + F = g_ bf__l dhjg_c ijb D<0; D=1444c ijb


4c>144, c>36.

ijb D 0 bf__l dhjgb t = 12 D . Ijb


2
D 0 h[Z hgb hljbpZl_evgufb [ulv g_ fh]ml HdhgqZl_evgh c>36.
[  t 2 + ct + 100 = 0 g_ bf__l dhjg_c ijb D < 0;
D = c 2 4 1 100 < 0 ijb c 2 < 400, 20 < c < 20.
c D
2) t 2 + ct + 100 = 0 ijb D 0 bf__l dhjgb t =
. Ijb
2) t 2 12t 2 + c = 0

c0
c!
c>

h^bg ba dhjg_c h[yaZl_evgh g_hljbpZl_e_g ( c + D 0); ijb


bf__f c + D < 0, c > D  gh D = c 2 400 < c 2 , ihwlhfm
D \k_]^Z BlZd c! HdhgqZl_evgh c>20.

26

300*.

MjZ\g_gb_ bf__l dhjgb _keb ihke_ aZf_gu khhl\_lkl\mxs__


d\Z^jZlgh_ mjZ\g_gb_ bf__l g_hljbpZl_evgu_ dhjgb t 2 13t + k = 0
bf__l dhjgb ijb D = (13) 2 4 1 k 0, l_ ijb k 169 ; hgb jZ\gu
4

13 D
,
2

b ohly [u h^bg ba gbo iheh`bl_e_g


Z MjZ\g_gb_ bf__l q_luj_ jZaebqguo dhjgy _keb h[Z dhjgy khhl\_lkl\mxs_]h d\Z^jZlgh]h mjZ\g_gby iheh`bl_evgu b jZaebqgu
l_ D! l_ 13 D > 0; 13 169 4k > 0; 13 > 169 4k ;
169
169 > 169 4 k ; 4 k > 0; k > 0; hdhgqZl_evgh 0 < k <
.
4
[ MjZ\g_gb_ bf__l ^\Z dhjgy _keb h^bg ba dhjg_c khhl\_lkl\mxs_]h d\Z^jZlgh]h mjZ\g_gby hljbpZl_e_g Z \h \lhjhc g_hljbpZl_e_g l_ 13 D < 0; l_ 13 < 169 4k ; l_ k>0, k eb[h
dh]^Z D  l_ k = 169 .
t=

301*.

Z K^_eZ_f aZf_gm t=x2. JZkkfhljbf d\Z^jZlguc lj_oqe_g


t 2 20t + 64;
j_rbf
mjZ\g_gb_
t 2 20t + 64 = 0.
20 12
, t1  beb t2  Ihwlhfm
D = (20) 2 4 1 64 = 144; t =
2

t 2 20t + 64 = (t 16 )(t 4 );

(x

)(

16 x 2 4 = (x + 4 )(x 4 )(x + 2 )(x 2 ).

[ t=x . J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ t 2 17t + 16 = 0; D=(17)24116=225;


17 15
t=
; t1  beb t2=1. Ihwlhfm t 2 17t + 16 = (t 16 )(t 1);
2

2
x 16 x 2 1 = (x + 4 )(x 4 )(x + 1)(x 1).

)(

t=x2.

J_rbf

mjZ\g_gb_
5 13
t=
; t1  beb

t 2 5t 36 = 0;

t1  Ihwlhfm
2
t 2 5t 36 = (t 9 )(t + 4 ); x 2 9 x 2 + 4 = (x + 3)(x 3) x 2 + 4 .

D=(5)241(36)=169;

)(

27

J_rbf

t=x2.

D = (3) 2 4 1 (4) = 25;

mjZ\g_gb_
35
t=
; t1  beb

t 2 3t 4 = 0;

2
2
2
2
t 3t 4 = 0; x 4 x + 1 = (x + 2 )(x 2 ) x 2 + 1 .

)(

^ J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_

9t 10t + 1 = 0;
2

t 2 = 1.

Ihwlhfm

D = (10) 2 4 9 1 = 64;

10 8
1
1
; t1 = 1 beb t 2 = . Ihwlhfm 9t210t+1=9(t1) t ;
18
9
9
1
1
1

9 x 2 1 x 2 = 9(x + 1)(x 1) x + x =(x+1)(x1)(3x+1)(3x1)


9
3
3

t=

t=x2.

J_rbf

D = (17) 2 4 4 4 = 225;

mjZ\g_gb_
17 15
t=
; t1  beb
8

4t 2 17t + 4 = 0;
1
t 2 = . Ihwlhfm 4t2
4

1
17t+4=4(t4) t ;
4

1
1
1

4 x 2 4 x 2 = 4(x + 2 )(x 2 ) x + x = (x+2)(x2)(2x+1)(2x1)


4
2
2

302.

y = x 2 x,

y = x 10.

=jZnbd nmgdpbb y = x 2 x iZjZ[heZ m dhlhjhc \_l\b gZijZ\e_gu \gba ld dhwnnbpb_gl ijb x 2 hljbpZl_e_g 
1
b
1
=
= ;
 GZc^_f dhhj^bgZlu \_jrbgu x < =
2a
2 ( 1)
2


1 1 1
y B = = ;
2 2 4
3)
0
x
2
1
0
0
y
2

1
2

2
6

HklZevgu_ lhqdb bf kbff_ljbqgu hlghkbl_evgh ijyfhc

1
x= .
2


=jZnbd nmgdpbb y=x10 ijyfZy


x
y

28

0
10

5
5

     

[  =jZnbd nmgdpbb (x 2)2 + y 2 = 9 hdjm`ghklv k p_gljhf


\   b jZ^bmkhf 
2
 =jZnbd nmgdpbb y = x 4 x + 4 iZjZ[heZ m dhlhjhc \_l\b
gZijZ\e_gu \\_jo

GZc^_f dhhj^bgZlu \_jrbgu x < = b = 4 = 2;
2a

y B = 4 8 + 4 = 0;
4)
x
2
y
16

1
9

0
4

1
1

2
0

3
1

4
4

2 1
5
9

     

\  =jZnbd nmgdpbb
 b jZ^bmkhf 

x 2 + y 2 = 25 hdjm`ghklv k p_gljhf \ 

29

=jZnbd nmgdpbb y = 2 x 2 14 iZjZ[heZ m dhlhjhc \_l\b gZijZ\e_gu \\_jo



GZc^_f dhhj^bgZlu \_jrbgu x < = b = 0 = 0;


2a

y B = 14;
4)
x
y

3
4

2
6

1
12

0
14

1
12

2
6

22

3
4

           

]  =jZnbd nmgdpbb x2+y2=10 hdjm`ghklv k p_gljhf \   b


jZ^bmkhf 10 .
 =jZnbd nmgdpbb xy=3 ]bi_j[heZ m dhlhjhc \_l\b jZkiheh`_gu \ , b ,,, q_l\_jlyo
3)

x
y

3
1

2
1,5

1
3

1
3

1,5
2

2
1,5

           

30

3
1

^  =jZnbd nmgdpbb x+y=8 ijyfZy

 =jZnbd nmgdpbb
b jZ^bmkhf 

x
0
4
y
8
4
2
2
x+1) +y =81 hdjm`ghklv

k p_gljhf \ 

(8; 0); (1; 9).

x
0

_  =jZnbd nmgdpbb y=x2+4 iZjZ[heZ m dhlhjhc \_l\b gZijZ\e_gu \gba


b
 GZc^_f dhhj^bgZlu \_jrbgu x\=
= 0; y\=4.
2a

3)

,,

x
y

2
0

1
3

 =jZnbdhf nmgdpbb
q_l\_jl_c

0
4
y=|x_

1
3

2
0

y\ey_lky h[t_^_g_gb_ [bkk_dljbk , b

     

303*.

Z I_j\h_ mjZ\g_gb_ y = x 2 + 11; \lhjh_ mjZ\g_gb_ y = x 2 + 4.


=jZnbd i_j\hc nmgdpbb ihemqZ_lky ba ]jZnbdZ nmgdpbb y = x 2
k^\b]hf \\_jo gZ  _^bgbp \lhjZy ba y = x 2 k^\b]hf \\_jo gZ
 _^bgbpu Ld hgb g_ i_j_k_dZxlky lh j_r_gbc g_l
31

[ I_j\h_ mjZ\g_gb_ wlh mjZ\g_gb_ hdjm`ghklb k p_gljhf


b jZ^bmkhf  \lhjh_ mjZ\g_gb_ hdjm`ghklb k p_gljhf
  b jZ^bmkhf  LZd dZd hdjm`ghklb g_ bf_xl h[sbo lhq_d lh
j_r_gbc g_l
 

\ <lhjh_ mjZ\g_gb_ y = 1 x 3 aZ^Z_l dm[bq_kdmx iZjZ[hem i_j2


\h_ ^\_ ihemijyfuo y=x ijb x 0 b y=x ijb x Ld ]jZnbdb
wlbo nmgdpbc i_j_k_dZxlky \ ^\mo lhqdZ lh kms_kl\mxl ^\Z j_r_gby

304*.

I_j\h_ mjZ\g_gb_ aZ^Z_l hdjm`ghklv k p_gljhf   b jZ^bmkhf


ihemqZxsmxky ba iZjZ[heu

r <lhjh_ mjZ\g_gb_ aZ^Z_l iZjZ[hem


y = x 2 k^\b]hf \\_jo gZ  _^bgbpu

32

< aZ\bkbfhklb hl r kbkl_fZ fh`_l bf_lv     j_r_gbc


305*.

=jZnbdhf i_j\h]h mjZ\g_gby y\ey_lky hdjm`ghklv k p_gljhf 


5  \lhjh]h ijyfZy y=xm ihemqZxsmxky ba
 b jZ^bmkhf
[bkk_dljbku , b ,,, dhhj^bgZlguo m]eh\ k^\b]hf gZ m ih \_jlbdZeb
Z Kbkl_fZ bf__l h^gh j_r_gb_ dh]^Z mjZ\g_gb_ x2+(om)2=5
x 2 + x 2 2mx + m 2 5 = 0;
bf__l
h^gh
j_r_gb_
2 x 2 2mx + m 2 5 = 0; D = ( 2m ) 2 4 2(m 2 5). MjZ\g_gb_ bf__l
_^bgkl\_ggh_ j_r_gb_ ijb D  l_ 4m 2 8(m 2 5) = 0;
4m 2 + 40 = 0; m 2 =

40
= 10; m = 10 .
4

[ Kbkl_fZ bf__l ^\Z j_r_gby dh]^Z mjZ\g_gb_ x2+(om)2=5


bf__l ^\Z j_r_gby L_ ijb D>0 D = 4m 2 + 40 > 0, l_ m 2 < 10,
hldm^Z 10 < m < 10 .
33

306.
x = 3 y 1,

( 3 y 1)2 + 2 y ( 3 y 1) + y 3 = 0;
x = 3 y 1,
x = 3 y 1,

2
2
9 y + 6 y + 1 6 y 2 y + y 3 = 0; 3 y 2 + 5 y 2 = 0.

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ 3 y 2 + 5 y 2 = 0.
5 + 7 1
5 7
y2 =
= beb y1 =
= 2;
6

D = 52 4 3 ( 2) = 49;

y1 = 2,
y2 = ,
3 beb

x1 = 5;
x2 = 2;

y = 2 x 1,
[
x(2 x 1) (2 x 1)2 + 3 x + 1 = 0;
y = 2 x 1,
2
2 x x 4 x 2 + 4 x 1 + 3 x + 1 = 0;

y = 2 x 1,
y = 2x 1

2
2 x + 6 x = 0 x( x 3) = 0

x = 3,
x1 = 0,
beb 2

y1 = 1;
y 2 = 5.
y = 11 2 x,
\
2 x + 5(11 2 x ) (11 2 x )2 6 = 0;
y = 11 2 x,

2 x + 55 10 x 121 + 44 x 4 x 2 6 = 0;

y = 11 2 x,

4 x 2 + 36 x 72 = 0;

y = 11 2 x
2
x 9 x + 18 = 0

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ x 2 9 x + 18 = 0;
9+3
93
x2 =
= 6 beb x1 =
= 3;
2
x2 = 6,

y2 = 1;

34

beb

2
x1 = 6,

y1 = 5.

D = (9) 2 4 1 18 = 9;

2(4 + y )2 3 y 2 5(4 + y ) 2 y 26 = 0,

x = 4 + y;

32 + 16 y + 2 y 2 3 y 2 20 5 y 2 y 26 = 0,

x = 4 + y;

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ y 2 9 y + 14 = 0;
9+5
95
y2 =
= 7 beb y1 =
= 2;
2
y2 = 7,

x2 = 11;

y 2 9 y + 14 = 0,

x = 4 + y.

D = (9) 2 4 1 14 = 25;

beb

y1 = 2,

x1 = 6.

4 x 2 9 y 2 + x 40 y = 19,

2 x = 3 y + 5;

4(1,5 y + 2,5)2 9 y 2 + 1,5 y + 2,5 40 y 19 = 0,

x = 1,5 y + 2,5;
9 y 2 + 30 y + 25 9 y 2 + 1,5 y + 2,5 40 y 19 = 0,

x = 1,5 y + 2,5;
8,5 y = 8,5, y = 1,

x = 1,5 y + 2,5; x = 4.
2
2

_ 3( 2) + + 8( 2) + 13 5 = 0,
= 2;

m
o m

3 2 12 + 12 +

= 2.

o m

m 2 + 8 m 16 + 13 m 5 = 0,

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ 4 m + 9 m 9 = 0;
m2 = 9 + 15 = 3 beb m1 = 9 15 = 3;
2

m2

3
= ,
4

o2 = 1 41.

o m

D = 9 2 4 4 ( 9) = 225;

beb

4 2 + 9 9 = 0,

= 2.

m1 = 3,
o1 = 5;

35

307.

o m
m m
m(m + 4) 3 = 0;
o m
o = m + 4,
x = y + 4
2
2
m m m
m 8 m 3 = 0; m 4 m = 0; y( y + 4) = 0
m = 4,
m1 = 0,
beb 2

o1 = 4;
o 2 = 0.
m = o + 1,
[
(2 o + 3)(o 1) o(o + 1) 1 = 0;
m = o + 1, y = x + 1
m = o + 1,

2
2 o + 3 o 2 o 3 o o 1 = 0; o 2 4 = 0; ( x + 2)( x 2) = 0
o = 2,
o2 = 2,
beb 1

m2 = 3;
m1 = 1.
m = 2 o 5,
\
(o + 1)(2 o 1) 2 o(2 o 5) + 1 = 0;
m = 2 o 5,
m = 2 o 5,

2
2
2 o + 2 o o 1 4 o + 10 o = 1 = 0; 2 o 2 + 11o = 0;
= + 4,

( + 3)( + 1) 2
= + 4,
2
+ 3 + + 3 2

y = 2x 5

x(2 x 11) = 0
1 = 0,
beb

1 = 5;

o
m

= 1 ,

( + 5)

o 2 = 5,5,
m 2 = 6.

= 1 ,

+ 12 = 0 2 5

mm
m
o = 1 m,

2 m 2 5 m + 12 = 0;
2

m m 2 + 12 = 0;

x = 1 y
2
2 y + 5 y 12 = 0

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ 2 m 2 + 5 m 12 = 0;
m2 = 5 + 11 = 1,5 beb m1 = 5 11 = 4
4

36

D = 52 4 2 ( 12) = 121;

m2 = 1,5, beb m1 = 4,
o2 = 0,5; o1 = 5.

308.

12 2
+

12

= ;

m
o

m 2 = 40, m 2 + m 2 40 = 0,

o = 12 ;

m
144

4 40 2 = 144 = 0,

12

= ;

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_

m 40 m + 144 = 0.
4

144 + y 4 40 y 2 = 0

12
x = y

H[hagZqbf

t 2 40t + 144 = 0; D = (40) 2 4 1 144 = 1024; t1 =


40 32
= 4 m2
2
1 = 6, 2 = 6,

1 = 2; 2 = 2;

t2 =

m
o

m
o

beb

= 36

m =t

40 + 32
= 36
2

beb

=4.

m 3 = 2, m 4 = 2,
o3 = 6; o 4 = 6.

2 = 228 2 2 ,

3 228 2 2 2

m ) m 2 172 = 0;
x 2 = 228 2 y 2 o 2 = 228 2 m 2 ,
o 2 = 228 2 m 2 ,

684 6 m 2 2 m 2 172 = 0; 8 y 2 + 512 = 0 m 2 = 64;


m = 8,
m = 8,
beb 2
2
o = 100;
o = 100
o1 = 10, o 2 = 10, o 3 = 10, o 4 = 10,

m1 = 8; m 2 = 8;
m 3 = 8; m 4 = 8;

309.

x 2 + 3 x 4 2 x x 2 5 20 = 0,

y = 2 x x 2 5;
37

x 2 + 3 x 8 x + 4 x 2 + 20 20 = 0,

y = 2 x x 2 5;

5 x 2 5 x = 0,

y = 2 x x 2 5;

x( x 1) = 0

y = 2 x x 2 5
x1 = 0,

y1 = 5;

beb

x2 = 1,

y2 = 4;

3 x = y y 2 + 1,
2
y + 6 x 2 y = 1;

y y 2 +1
,
x =

2
2 6 y y +1
2 y 1 = 0;
y +
3

y y2 + 1
x =
3

y2 + 2 y 2 y2 2y 1 = 0

y y 2 +1
,
x =
3

y 2 = 1;

y2 = 1,

1
x2 = 3 ;

beb

y1 = 1,

1
x1 = 3 .

310.
x + y + xy = 5, 2 y = 8,
y = 4
y = 4,

y
+
xy
=
13
;
x
+
y
+
xy
=
5
;
x

4
x
=
5

x = 3;
2 x + 2 xy + 2 y = 20, 3 xy = 22,
[

xy 2 x 2 y = 2;
xy 2 x 2 y = 2;
22

22

x = 3 y ,

x = 3 y ,

22 y 2 22 2 y 2 = 0; 22 y 44 6 y 2 6 y = 0;

3 y
3y

38

22

x = 3 y

3 y 2 8 y + 22 = 0

J_rbf

mjZ\g_gb_
2
D = (8) 4 3 22 = 200 < 0  G_l dhjg_c
311*.

Z (x + y )(x y ) = 0 x + y = 0 beb
kbkl_fu

x y = 0.

3 y 2 8 y + 22 = 0;

Ihemqbf ^\_ gh\uo

x 2 = 1,
x y = 0, x = y,
1)

2 x y = 1; 2 y y = 1; y 2 = 1.
1

x1 = 3 ,

y = 1 ;
1
3
(x 7 y )(x + 7 y ) = 0 x 7 y = 0 beb x + 7 y = 0.

x + y = 0, x = y,
2)

2 x y = 1; 2 y y = 1;

[
gh\u_ kbkl_fu
1)

x 2 + y 2 = 100; x 2 + y 2 = 100;

x + 7 y = 0;
x = 7 y;

Ihemqbf ^\_

( 7 y )2 + y 2 = 100;

x = 7 y;

49 y 2 + y 2 = 100

x = 7 y

J_rbf i_j\h_ mjZ\g_gb_


y = 2 beb y = 2 .
Hlkx^Z

y2 = 2 ,

x2 = 7 2

x 2 + y 2 = 100;
2)
x 7 y = 0;

beb

49 y 2 + y 2 = 100; 50 y 2 = 100; y 2 = 2;

y1 = 2 ,

x1 = 7 2

(7 y )2 + y 2 = 100;

x = 7 y;

Ba i_j\h]h mjZ\g_gby

y= 2

beb

49 y 2 + y 2 = 100

x = 7 y

y = 2.

Hldm^Z

39

y 3 = 2 ,
y = 2,
beb 4

x 4 = 7 2
x 3 = 7 2
\ (x 3)(y 5) = 0 x 3 = 0

kbkl_fu

beb

y 5 = 0.

IhemqZ_f ^\_ gh\u_

x 2 + y 2 = 25, x 3 = 0,
1)

y = 5;
y 3 = 5.
x 2 + y 2 = 25,
2)
x = 3;

y 2 = 16, y1 = 4,

x = 3;
x1 = 3

] x(y + 1) = 0 x = 0 beb

y = 1.

beb

IhemqZ_f ^\_ gh\u_ kbkl_fu

x 2 y 2 = 50, x 2 = 51, x1 = 51,


2)

y = 1;
y = 1; y1 = 1;

m.

x 2 y 2 = 50,
2)
x = 0;

y 2 = 50,

x = 0;

312.

Z Ba \lhjh]h mjZ\g_gby
gb_

beb

x 2 = 51,
1

y 2 = 1.

dhjg_c g_l ld m2 ijb \k_o

y = 2 x 5;

1
1
1
+
= ;
x 2x 5 6

y 2 = 4,

x 2 = 3.

ih^klZ\bf \ i_j\h_ mjZ\g_6(2 x 5) + 6 x x(2 x 5)


= 0;
6 x(2 x 5)

2 x 2 23x + 30 = 0;
x 0; x ;
2

23 17
3
D = (23) 2 4 2 30 = 289; x =
; x2 = 10 ; x1 = . HdhgqZ2
4

12 x 30 + 6 x 2 x 2 + 5 x = 0;

l_evgh

3
3

x1 = ,
x1 = ,
beb
2
2

y1 = 2 x 5; y1 = 8.
mjZ\g_gby x = 14 2 y, ih^klZ\bf \ i_j\h_

x2 = 10,
x2 = 10,

y2 = 2 x 5; y2 = 15.

[ Ba \lhjh]h
gb_

1
1
1
1
1
1
=
=
;
;
14 2 y y 20 2(7 y ) y 2 10

40

mjZ\g_-

10 y 20(7 y ) y (7 y )
= 0;
2 10 y (7 y )

(y 0, y 7 );
y=

y 2 + 23 y 140 = 0;

10 y 140 + 20 y 7 y + y 2 = 0;

D = 232 + 4 1 (140) = 1089;

23 33
; 2  beb 1  HdhgqZl_evgh
2
y = 28,
y2 = 5,
y2 = 5,
y1 = 28,
beb 1

x2 = 14 2 y; x2 = 4.
x1 = 14 2 y; x1 = 70.

\ H[hagZqbf

x
=t
y

Lh]^Z ba \lhjh]h mjZ\g_gby

12t 2 + 12 25t
=0
12t

D = (5) 2 4 12 12 = 49; t =

(t 0);
25 7
4
; t1 =
24
3

1 25
t+ =
;
t 12

12t 2 25t + 12 = 0;

beb t2 = 3 . Bf__f
4

x = 3 y,
x = y , x1 = 8,
beb
3

y1 = 6 .
y + 4 y = 14; y = 6;

3
3

x 3
3

x = 4 y,
x = y , x 2 = 6,
= ,
y
4
4

y 2 = 8.
x + y = 14; y + 3 y = 14; y = 8;

4
x
] H[hagZqbf = t  Lh]^Z ba \lhjh]h mjZ\g_gby t 1 = 5 ;
t 6
y
x 4
= ,
y 3
x + y = 14;

6t 2 6 5t
= 0; 6t 2 5t 6 = 0 (t 0); D = (5) 2 4 6 (6) = 169;
6t
5 13
2
3
t=
; t1 = beb t 2 = . Bf__f
12
3
2

41

x = 3 y,

2 y y = 2;
3
3
3

x = 2 y,
x = 2 y , x1 = 6,

3 y y = 2; 1 y = 2; y1 = 4.
2
2
2
x
= ,
y
3

x y = 2;

x = 3 y,

5 y = 2;
3

x 3
x 2 = 5 , = ,
y 2

y = 6 . x y = 2;
2
5

beb

313*.

<uql_f i_j\h_ mjZ\g_gb_ ba \lhjh]h


y 2 + 4 y = 12,

3 x 4 y = 2,
2
2
x y x y = 100.

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_
\=

 

m =6; m
2

1 

y 2 + 4 y 12 = 0;

D = 4 2 4 1 (12) = 64;

Bf__f

y = 6,
y = 6,

3 x 4 y = 2,
3 x + 24 = 2,
2
2
2
2
x y x + y = 100; x y x + y = 100;

y = 6,
26

,
x =
3

26 2
26
36 +
6 = 100.
3
3

Gh 26
3

y = 2,

3 x 4 y = 2,
2
2
x y x + y = 100;
42

26
42 100  agZqbl 6
3

y = 2,

x = 2,
2
2
x y x + y = 100;

Gh
gbc

2 2 2 2 2 + 2 100,

ke_^h\Zl_evgh kbkl_fZ g_ bf__l j_r_-

314*.

J_rbf kgZqZeZ kbkl_fm

x + y = 7, x + y = 7, x + 2 x 2 = 7,

2 x y = 2; y = 2 x 2; y = 2 x 2;
5

x = 3 ,
3 x = 5,

y = 2 x 2; y = 4 .

M wlbo ^\mo nmgdpbc lhevdh h^gZ h[sZy lhqdZ _keb \k_ ljb ]jZnbdZ bf_xl h[sb_ lhqdb lh wlh ^he`gZ [ulv gZc^_ggZy lhqdZ
2
Ijh\_jbf 5 + 5 4 4 = 17 1  AgZqbl g_ kms_kl\m_l h[s_c
3

3 3

lhqdb ^ey lj_o ]jZnbdh\

315*.

Z Keh`bf b \uql_f mjZ\g_gby

2 x 2 + 2 x = 24, ( x 3)( x + 4) = 0,
2

2 y + 2 y = 12; ( y 2)( y + 3) = 0;
x1 = 3, x 2 = 3, x 3 = 4, x 4 = 4,

y1 = 2. y 2 = 3 y 3 = 2. y 4 = 3

[ H[hagZqbf om q_j_a

t ba i_j\h]h mjZ\g_gby t 2 + t 72 = 0;
1 17
; t1=9; t2  IhemqZ_f ^\_ kbkl_fu
D=1241(72)=289; t =
2
xy = 9; x(6 x ) = 9; x 2 + 6 x + 9 = 0; x 2 6 x 9 = 0
1)

y = 6 x
y = 6 x;
x + y = 6; y = 6 x;

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_

x=

x 2 6 x 9 = 0;

D = (6) 2 4 1 (9) = 72;

66 2
; x2 = 3 + 3 2 beb x1 = 3 3 2 ;
2
x2 = 3 + 3 2 ,
x = 3 3 2,
beb 1

y2 = 3 3 2 ;
y1 = 3 + 3 2 .

hldm^Z

43

x(6 x ) = 8; 6 x x 2 = 8 x 2 6 x + 8 = 0
xy = 8;
2)

y = 6 x; y = 6 x
x + y = 6; y = 6 x;
62
x 2 6 x + 8 = 0; D = (6) 2 4 1 8 = 4; x =
; x3  beb x4=2.
2
x = 2,
x 3 = 4,
beb 4

y 4 = 4.
y3 = 2

\ H[hagZqbf x+y=t Lh]^Z ba i_j\h]h mjZ\g_gby


t1=5, t2  IhemqZ_f ^\_ gh\uo kbkl_fu
g_l

x + y = 3; x = y 3;
1)

xy = 14;
( y 3) y 14 = 0;

2)

x + y = 5;

xy = 6;

x = 5 y;

(5 y ) y 6 = 0;

x = y 3;
2
y + 3 y + 14 = 0;
x = 5 y;
2
y 5 y + 6 = 0;

t22t15=0;

dhjg_c

x2 = 3,

y2 = 2;

x1 = 2,

y1 = 3;

] H[hagZqbf x+y=t Lh]^Z ba i_j\h]h mjZ\g_gby t24t45=0;


t1=9, t2  H[hagZqbf xy=z Lh]^Z ba \lhjh]h mjZ\g_gby z22z
3=0; z1=3, z2  <hafh`gu q_luj_ \ZjbZglZ
x + y = 9; x + y = 9; x + y = 5; x + y = 5;

x y = 3; x y = 1; x y = 3; x y = 1.

HdhgqZl_evgh

x1 = 6; x 2 = 4; x 3 = 1; x 4 = 3;

y1 = 3; y 2 = 5; y 2 = 4; y 4 = 2.

316*.

GZc^_f dhwnnbpb_gl ijb x 2 : a2a+b=8, b=8+3Z Z dhwnnbpb_gl ijb x: 2+ab=2; ab  Ihemqbf kbkl_fm
b = 8 + 3a, b = 8 + 3a,

ab = 4; a (8 + 3a ) = 4;

J_rbf
a=

mjZ\g_gb_

8 4
2
; a2 = ; a1 = 2
3
6

44

b = 8 + 3a,
2
3a + 8a + 4 = 0;

3a 2 + 8a + 4 = 0;

D = 8 2 4 3 4 = 16;

a1 = 2, a2 = ,
3

b1 = 2; b = 6.
2

317.

H[hagZqb\ i_j\h_ qbkeh Z \lhjh_ b Bf__f kbkl_fm


a + b = 5(a b ),
2
a b 2 = 180;

6b = 4a,
2
a b 2 = 180;

b = 3 a,

2
a 2 2 a = 180;

b = 3 a,
b = a,
3

a 2 = 180 9 ; a 2 = 324;

5
a = 18,
a = 18,

; a=18 g_ m^h\e_l\hjy_l mkeh\bx aZ^Zqb

2 18
b = 3 ; b = 12.

Hl\_l  b 
318.

H[hagZqb\ i_j\h_ qbkeh a Z \lhjh_ b Bf__f kbkl_fm


ab = 15(a + b ), (100 2b )b = 15(100 2b ) + 15b,

a + 2b = 100;

a = 100 2b.
J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ b2155b+1500=0;
115 + 35
115 35
= 37,5 beb b1 =
= 20;
b2 =
4
4
b = 20,
b2 = 37,5,
beb 1

=
a
25
;
2
a1 = 60.

D=11524



Hl\_l  b  beb  b 


319.

H[hagZqb\ i_j\h_ qbkeh a Z \lhjh_ b Bf__f kbkl_fm


30 + 2b 2
2
a b = 100, 3 b 100 = 0,

3a 2b = 30;
30 + 2b
;
a =
3
2

45

900 + 120b + 4b 2 9b 2 900 = 0,

30 + 2b
;
a =
3

b(5b 120) = 0 ; b1  beb b2=24;


b1 = 0,

a1 = 10;

beb

5b 2 + 120b = 0,

30 + 2b
;
a =
3

b2 = 24,

a2 = 26.

Hl\_l  b  beb  b 


320.

H[hagZqbf i_j\mx pbnjm qbkeZ q_j_a o Z \lhjmx m Lh]^Z


qbkeh jZ\gh 10 x + y; bkoh^y ba mkeh\by khklZ\bf kbkl_fm
x 2 3 x = 0, x = 3,
10 x + y = 4(x + y ), y = 2 x,

10 x + y = 2 xy.

2 x + 10 x = 4 x 2 . y = 2 x.

y = 6.

ijb o  qbkeh g_ y\ey_lky ^\magZqguf qlh g_ m^h\e_l\hjy_l mkeh\bx


321.

H[hagZqb\ qbkebl_ev o Z agZf_gZl_ev m ihemqbf kbkl_fm


x2
= 2,

y 1

x 1 = 1 ;
y + 1 4

x 2 = 2(y 1),

4 x 4 = y + 1;

x 2 = 2(4 x 6 ),

y = 4 x 5;

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ x 2 8x + 12 = 0;
8+4
84
x1 =
= 6 beb x2 =
= 2.

x 2 8 x + 12 = 0,

y = 4 x 5;

D = (8) 2 4 1 12 = 16;

2
2
x = 2,
x2 = 6,
beb 1

y
19
;
=
2
y1 = 3.
Hl\_l 6 , beb 2 .
19
3

322.

H[hagZqbf qbkebl_ev o Z agZf_gZl_ev m ihemqbf kbkl_fm

46

x +7
y2 =

x =
y + 6

3
,
4 y = 2 x 6,

1 4 x + 28 = 3(2 x 6) 2 ,
2,

y = 2 x 6,
2
3 x 19 x + 20 = 0.

mjZ\g_gb_ o219o+20=0; D=(19)24320=121;


19 + 11
19 11 4
x1 =
= 5 beb x2 =
= g_ ih^oh^bl ih mkeh\bx aZ6
6
3
^Zqb
J_rbf

x = 5,

y = 2 5 6 = 4.

Hl\_l

5
.
4

323.

H[hagZqbf ^ebgu klhjhg ijyfhm]hevgbdZ o b m Lh]^Z ih l_hj_f_ IbnZ]hjZ x 2 + y 2 = 152 = 225  b ihemqbf kbkl_fm
x 2 + y 2 = 225,
x 2 + y 2 = 225,

2(x + y )
x+ y
; x 6 + y 8 =
;
2(x 6 ) + 2( y 8) =
3
3

2
2
x 2 + y 2 = 225,
x + y = 225,

3 x + 3 y 42 = x + y; x + y = 21;
(21 y )2 + y 2 225 = 0, 441 42 y + y 2 + y 2 225 = 0

x = 21 y
x = 21 y;
2 y 2 42 y + 216 = 0,

x = 21 y;

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ y 2 21y + 108 = 0;


21 + 3
21 3
y2 =
= 12 beb y1 =
= 9;
2
x2 = 9,

y2 = 12;

D = (21) 2 4 1 108 = 9;

beb

x1 = 12,

y1 = 9.

Hl\_l  kf b  kf

47

324*.

H[hagZqbf \j_fy aZiheg_gby [Zkk_cgZ i_j\hc ljm[hc Z qZkh\ Z


\lhjhc b qZkh\ Lh]^Z aZ  q i_j\Zy ljm[Z gZihegy_l 1 qZklv [Zk-

a
1
k_cgZ Z \lhjZy qZklv [Zkk_cgZ Ihemqbf kbkl_fm
b
b = 5 + a,
b = 5 + a,
b = 5 + a,

5 7,5
2
3
2
2
a + b = 1, a + a + 5 = 5 , 10a + 50 + 15a = 2a + 10a.
J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_  215 50=0; D=(15)242(50)=625;
15 + 25
15 25
5
a1 =
= 10 beb a2 =
= g_ ih^oh^bl ih kfukem
4
4
2

aZ^Zqb

a = 10,

b = 5 + 10 = 15,

AZ

q kh\f_klghc jZ[hlu h[_bo ljm[ [m^_l aZiheg_gZ


[Zkk_cgZ ke_^h\Zl_evgh \_kv [Zkk_cg aZihegblky aZ 

1 1 1
+
=
10 15 6

q

Hl\_l  q
325.

H[hagZqbf \j_fy aZiheg_gby [Zkk_cgZ i_j\hc ljm[hc Z qZkh\ Z


\lhjhc b qZkh\ Lh]^Z aZ  q i_j\Zy ljm[Z gZihegy_l 1 qZklv [Zka

k_cgZ Z \lhjZy

1
b

a = 1,5b,

2
1 1
a + 4( a + b ) = 1;

Hl\_l  q b  q
326.

qZklv [Zkk_cgZ Ihemqbf kbkl_fm


a = 1,5b,

6 4
a + b = 1;

a = 1,5b,
a = 12,

b = 8.
b = 1;

H[hagZqbf kdhjhklv i_j\h]h ih_a^Z o dfq Z \lhjh]h m dfq


Bf__f kbkl_fm

48

270

x + y = 3 ,
270 270
21

=
+1 ;
x
y
60

= 90 y,

270 81
270
90 y = y + 60 ;

x = 90 y,
x = 90 y,

10 1
10
2
90 y = y + 20 ; 200 y = 18000 200 y + 90 y y ;

x = 90 y
2
y + 310 y 1800 = 0

J_rbf

D=310241(18000)=168100;
310 410
= 360
2
y = 50,

x = 90 50 = 40.

y2 =

m +310m18000=0;

mjZ\g_gb_

y1 =

310 + 410
= 50
2

beb

g_ ih^oh^bl ih kfukem aZ^Zqb

Hl\_l  dfq b  dfq


327*.

H[hagZqbf kdhjhklb Z\lhfh[be_c o dfq b m dfq >h hgb ^\b]Zebkv 90 q b i_j\uc Z\lhfh[bev ijhr_e 90 x df Z \lhjhc

x+ y
90 y
df Lh]^Z hklZlhd imlb jZ\guc
df i_j\uc Z\lhfh[bev
x+ y
ijhr_e aZ 90 y q Z \lhjhc aZ 90 x q Ihemqbf kbkl_fm
x( x + y )
y( x + y)
x+ y

90 y
x+ y

5
90 y
x( x + y ) = 4
90 y
y( x + y )
90
( x + y)

90 x
( x + y)
90
90 x = 4 x( x + y )
y ( x + y ) 5
+ =90.
u + v = 90, u = 50,

4v 5u = 0; u = 40.

om

Hl\_l  dfq b  dfq

49

328.

H[hagZqbf x dfq kdhjhklv i_j\h]h lmjbklZ m dfq kdhjhklv \lhjh]h KgZqZeZ  qZkh\ \lhjhc lmjbkl r_e h^bg b ijhr_e
jZkklhygb_ m AZl_f hgb ^\b]Zebkv h^gh\j_f_ggh ^h f_klZ \klj_qb
ijhc^y Wo+Wm df ]^_ t \j_fy ^\b`_gby ^h \klj_qb Hl f_klZ \klj_qb \lhjhc r_e  q b ijhr_e m df Z i_j\uc  q b ijhr_e x df
Ih mkeh\bx mqZklhd ^ebgghc m df i_j\uc ijhr_e aZ \j_fy 9 m = t
o
qZkh\ Z \lhjhc aZ wlh `_ \j_fy ijhr_e jZkklhygb_ y6y kh kdhjhklvx m bf__f mjZ\g_gb_ 9 y = 8 x 6 y  LZd dZd d fhf_glm \klj_qb
x

\lhjhc ijhr_e gZ  df [hevr_ bf__f \lhjh_ mjZ\g_gb_ x9m=12.


Ihemqbf kbkl_fm

m o m
o
m
o m

m2

12 + 3
24
9 6
=
, 8 y 2 = 16 + 4 y + 12 y + 3 y 2 ,
9

=
8
,
4 + 3y

12 + 9 y
+
3
(
4
3
y
)
=
8 9 = 12;
=
;
8

8
5 y 2 16 y 16 = 0

12 + 9 y
x =
8

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ y216y16=0; D=(16)245(16)=576;


16 + 24
16 24
=
= 4 beb 1 =
= 0,8 g_ ih^oh^bl ih kfukem
10
10

aZ^Zqb

y = 4,

x = 6.

Hl\_l  dfq b  dfq


329.
3;

6;

9;

12;

a1 = 3;

a 5 = 3 5 = 15;

a10 = 3 10 = 30;

a100 = 3 100 = 300; an=3n.

330.
1; 0; 1; 0; 1; 0; 1; 0;
k 2 e +1 = 1 .

50

k10 = 0 ;

k 25 = 1 ; k 253 = 1; k 2 e = 0;

331.
1; 4; 9; 16; 25; 36; 49; 64; 81; 100,

a 20 = 20 2 = 400;

a 40 = 40 2 = 1600; a n = n 2 .

332.

Z a100 , a 201 , a n +1 , an , a n+ 2 , a 2n +1
[ a 70 , a99 , a n3 , a n+ 2 , a 3n 1
333.

Z o32 , o33 , o34 ;


[ o n+1 , o n+ 2 , o n+3 , o n+ 4 , o n+5 ;
\ o n3 , o n2 , o n1 ;
] o n1 , o n , o n+1 .
334.

o1 = 2 1 1 = 1 ;
o3 = 2 3 1 = 5 ;
o5 = 2 5 1 = 9 ; o6 = 2 6 1 = 11 .

o4 = 2 4 1 = 7 ;

o1 = 1 + 1 = 2 ;

o2 = 2 + 1 = 5 ;

o 4 = 4 + 1 = 17 ; o 5 = 5 + 1 = 26 ;
2

\ o1 =

o5

1
1
= ; 2 =
1+1 2
5
5
5
=
= ; 5=
=
5 +1 6
5 +1

o 3 = 3 + 1 = 10 ;

 =   +  =  .

2
2
= ;
2 +1 3
5
.
6

o3 = 3 3+ 1 = 34 ; o 4 = 4 4+ 1 = 54 ;

] o1 = ( 1)1+1 2 = 2 ; o 2 = ( 1)2+1 2 = 2 ; o 3 = ( 1)3+1 2 = 2 ;


o 4 = ( 1)4+1 2 = 2 ; o5 = ( 1)5+1 2 = 2 ; o6 = ( 1)6+1 2 = 2 .
^ o1 = 213 = 1 ; o 2 = 2 23 = 1 ;
o5 = 2

5 3

4
= 4 ; o 6 = 2 63 = 8 ;

o1 = 0,5 4 = 2 ;

o3 = 2

3 3

= 1 ; o 4 = 2 43 = 2 ;

o 2 = 0,5 4 = 8 ;

o 3 = 0,5 4 = 32 ;

o 4 = 0,5 4 = 128 ; o 5 = 0,5 4 = 512 ; o 6 = 0,5 4 = 2048 .


4

335.
b5 = 5 2 5 = 20 ; b10 = 10 2 10 = 90 ; b50 = 50 2 50 = 2450 .

51

336.

b1+1 = b 2 = b1 + 3 = 10 + 3 = 13 ;

b2 +1 = b3 = b2 + 3 = 13 + 3 = 16 ;

b3+1 = b4 = b3 + 3 = 16 + 3 = 19 ; b4 +1 = b5 = b4 + 3 = 19 + 3 = 22 .

b2 = b1+1 =

b4 = b3+1 =

337.
a)

b1
= 20 ;
2

b3 = b2+1 =

b2 20
=
= 10 ;
2
2

b3 10
b
5
=
= 5 ; b5 = b4+1 = 4 = = 2,5 .
2
2
2 2

a1 = 1 ;

a 2 = a1 + 1 = 1 + 1 = 2 ;

a3 = a2 + 1 = 2 + 1 = 3 ;

a 4 = a3 + 1 = 3 + 1 = 4 ; a5 = a 4 + 1 = 4 + 1 = 5 .
[
a3 = a2 0,1 =
a1 = 1000 ;
a 2 = a1 0,1 = 1000 0,1 = 100 ;
= 100 0,1 = 10 ; a 4 = a 3 0,1 = 10 0,1 = 1 ; a 5 = a 4 0,1 = 1 0,1 = 0,1 .

a1 = 16 ;

a 2 = 0,5 a1 = 0,5 16 = 8 ;

a 3 = 0,5 a 2 =

= 0,5 (8) = 4 ; a 4 = 0,5 a 3 = 0,5 4 = 2 ; a 5 = 0,5 a 4 = 0,5 (2 ) = 1 .

a1 = 3 ;

a 4 = a 31 = 3 1 =

338.

b1 = 5 ;

a2 =

a11

=3

1
1
; a 5 = a 41 =
3
3

1
= ;
3

a3 =

a 21

1
=
3

= 3;

= 3.

b2 = b1 + 5 = 5 + 5 = 10 ;

b3 = b2 + 5 = 10 + 5 = 15 ;

b4 = b3 + 5 = 15 + 5 = 20 .

b1 = 5 ;

b2 = b1 5 = 5 5 = 25 ;

b3 = b 2 5 = 25 5 = 125 ;

b4 = b3 5 = 125 5 = 625 .

339.

Bkoh^y ba mkeh\by aZibr_f kbkl_fm


x 2 + y 2 = 45, x 2 + (2 x )2 45 = 0, 5 x 2 = 45

y = 2 x;

y = 2 x;

Ih mkeh\bx x, y ! AgZqbl x=3, y=6.

52

y = 2 x

x 2 = 9

y = 2 x

340.

H[hagZqbf
2
D = 4 4 4 ( 15) = 256 ;

o2 = t

t1 =

x 2 = 1,5  beb x 2 = 2,5

[ Imklv o

4 + 16
= 1,5
8

g_l dhjg_c 

beb

4t 2 + 4t 15 = 0 ;
4 16
t2 =
= 2,5
8

x1 = 1,5

beb

x 2 = 1,5

= t 2t t 36 = 0 ; D = (1) 4 2 ( 36) = 289 ;


1 + 17
1 17
t1 =
= 4,5 beb t 2 =
= 4 x 2 = 4,5  beb x 2 = 4 g_l
4
4

dhjg_c 

x1 = 4,5

beb

x 2 = 4,5

341.

)(

1 3 6
1
a b 3a 2b 5 = 3 a 3 a 2 b 6 b 5 =
2
2
3 3 2 6 + 5 3 1 3a
= a b
= ab =
2
2
2b
1

3
3
[ 3a b (4ab ) = 3a b 4 1 a 1 b 1 = 3 a 3 a 1 bb 1 = 3 a 4 .
4
4
\ a6b10(2a2b4)2= 4a 6b10 22 a 4 b8

)(

10ab 5

)( )

4 6 4 10 8
a a b b = a 6+4 b108 = a 2b 2
4
1
33

2 3

a b

( )(

10 3
aa 2 b 5b 3 = 3a1+ 2 b 5 + ( 3) = 3a 3b 8 .
10

342.

Z 81 3 6 = 34 3 6 = 32 = 34 6 = 3 2 = 1
[

( 3 )

3 3

\ 9 5 1
9

( 3)
4
(3)

( 3 ) 27
3 2

= 3 4 9 = 3 5 =

( ) (3 )

= 32
3

2 3

= 3 10 3 6 = 3 4 =

( ) =3

= ( 3) 3
6

3 3

1
.
243

3 = 3 = 3
9

1
3

6+9

1
.
81

= 33 = 27.

53

343.

a n = a1 + d (n 1) ;

a1 = 10 ;

a 3 = 10 + 4 (3 1) = 10 + 8 = 18 ;
a 5 = 10 + 4 (5 1) = 10 + 16 = 26 .

a 2 = 10 + 4 (2 1) = 10 + 4 = 14 ;
a 4 = 10 + 4 (4 1) = 10 + 12 = 22 ;

a n = a1 + d (n 1) ; a1 = 1,7 ; a 2 = 1,7 0,2(2 1) = 1,7 0,2 = 1,5 ;


a3 = 1,7 0,2(3 1) = 1,7 0,2(3 1) = 1,7 0,4 = 1,3 ; a4 = 1,7 0,2(4 1) =
= 1,7 0,6 = 1,1 ; a 5 = 1,7 0,2(5 1) = 1,7 0,8 = 0,9 ;

\
a n = a1 + d (n 1) ;
a1 = 3,5 ;
a 2 = 3,5 + 0,6(2 1) =
= 3,5 + 0,6 = 2,9 ;
a 3 = 3,5 + 0,6(3 1) = 3,5 + 1,2 = 2,3 ;
a 4 = 3,5 + 0,6(4 1) = 3,5 + 1,8 = 1,7 ;
a 5 = 3,5 + 0,6(5 1) = 3,5 + 2,4 = 1,1 ;

344.

Z bn = b1 + d (n 1) ; b7 = b1 + d (7 1) = b1 + 6d .
[ b26 = b1 + d (26 1) = b1 + 25d .
\ b231 = b1 + d (231 1) = b1 + 230d .
] bk = b1 + d (k 1).
^ bk +5 = b1 + d (k + 5 1) = b1 + d (k + 4).
_ b2k = b1 + d (2k 1).
345.

Z c n = c1 + d (n 1) ; c5 = 20 + 3(5 1) = 20 + 12 = 32 .
[ c n = c1 + d (n 1) ; k 21 = 5,8 1,5 (21 1) = 5,8 30 = 24,2.
346.

Z a n = a1 + d (n 1) ; a11 = 3 + 0,7(11 1) = 3 + 7 = 4.
[ a n = a1 + d (n 1) ; a 26 = 18 0,6(26 1) = 18 15 = 3.
347.

Z
=

1
1
1
a1 = ; a 2 = 1; d = a 2 a1 = 1 = 1 ; an = a1 + d (n 1) =
3
3
3

1 1
1 49
2
1 1
1 1
1
2
1
= 11 .
1 (n 1) = 1 n + 1 = 1 + 1 n; a10 = 1 9 =
3
3
3
3 3
3
3
3
3 3
3 3

54

b1 = 2,3;

b2 = 1;

d = b2 b1 = 1 2,3 = 1,3;

EQ = E + G (Q ) =  (Q ) =  Q +  =  Q


E =    =   = 

348.

a1 = 8;

a 2 = 6,5; d = a 2 a1 = 6,5 (8) = 1,5;

a n = a1 + d (n 1) = 8 + 1,5(n 1) = 8 + 1,5n 1,5 = 1,5n 9,5;

a 23 = 8 + 1,5(23 1) = 8 + 33 = 25.

a1 = 11;

a 2 = 7; d = a 2 a1 = 7 11 = 4;

DQ = D + G (Q ) =  (Q ) =  Q +  =  Q
a 23 = 15 4 23 = 77.

349.

a1 = 7; d = 3; a n = a1 + d (n 1); a 8 = 7 + 3(8 1) = 7 + 3 7 = 28.

Hl\_l  f
350.

Kdhjhklv ih_a^Z v20 \ dhgp_ c fbgmlu c qe_g Zjbnf_lbq_kdhc ijh]j_kkbb Z1=0; d=50; an=a1+d(n1), a21=0+5020=1000.
Hl\_l  ffbg
351.

JZkkfhljbf 2$1B1 b 2$nBn. H:< ~ H:nBn lZd dZd O


OA n OB n
=

Hlkx^Z
h[sbc 2$n=nOA1, OBn=nOB1,
OA 1

A n B n OA n
=
= n; AnBn=nA1B1.
A 1 B1
OA 1
A5B5=5  kf $10B10=10



OB1

kf

352.

Z x n = x1 + d (n 1); o1=xnd(n1); x1=x30d(301)=128429=12.


[ xn = x1 + d (n 1); x1=x45d(451)=208(7)44=100.
353.

Z
[

yn y1
22 10
= 3.
; d=
n 1
5 1
y y1
21 28
49
y n = y1 + d (n 1); d = n
=
= 3,5
; d=
n 1
15 1
14

y n = y1 + d (n 1); d =

55

354.

c n = c1 + d (n 1);

c1=260,7(261)=1,5.

[ c n = c1 + d (n 1);
355.

d=

c1=cnd(n1);

cn=c1+d(n1);

1,2 ( 10)
cn c1
= 0,8 .
; d=
15 1
n 1

an a1 1 5
=
= 0,5 .
9 1
n 1
a 2 = a1 + d (2 1) = 5 0,5 1 = 4,5;

a1=5; a9=1; 1) d =
2)

a 4 = 5 0,5 3 = 3,5;
a 5 = 5 0,5 4 = 3;
a 7 = 5 0,5 6 = 2; a 8 = 5 0,5 7 = 1,5.

356.
a1 = 2,5; a 6 = 4; 1) d =

a 3 = 5 0,5 2 = 4;
a 6 = 5 0,5 5 = 2,5;

an a1 4 2,5
=
= 0,3 .
6 1
n 1

2) a 2 = 2,5 + 0,3(2 1) = 2,5 + 0,3 = 2,8; a 3 = 2,5 + 0,3(3 1) = 2,5 + 0,3 2 = 3,1;
a 4 = 2,5 + 0,3 3 = 3,4; a 5 = 2,5 + 0,3 4 = 3,7.

357.

Z c n = c1 + d (n 1);
c1 + 4d = 27 22d = 33 d = 1,5
d = 1,5

c1 + 26d = 60; c1 + 4d = 27; c1 = 27 4 1,5; c1 = 21.


[ c n = c1 + d (n 1);
c1 + 19d = 0 46d = 92 d = 2
d = 2

c1 + 65 = 92; c1 + 19d = 0; c1 = 19 ( 2 ); c1 = 38.

358.

x n = x1 + d (n 1);

x1 + 15d = 7 10d = 62
d = 6,2
d = 6,2

x1 + 25d = 55; x1 + 15d = 7; x1 = 7 15 6,2; x1 = 100.

359.

a1=2; a2=9 d=a2a1=92=7; an=a1+d(n1)=2+7(n1)=5+7n.

Z =5+7n; n=23 AgZqbl a23=156.


[  n; n= 42 6 N AgZqbl (an).
7

56

360.
an=a1+d(n1)=321,5(n1)=321,5n+1,5=33,51,5n.
Z  n; n= 22 1 N 0(an);
3
[   n; n  AgZqbl a41=28.

361.
x1=8,7; d=0,3; xn+d(n1); xn=8,70,3(n1)=8,70,3n+0,3=90,3n;
Z n0; n
[ n<0; n>30.

362.
a1=20,3; a2=18,7; d=a2a1=18,7+20,3=1,6; an=a1+d(n1)=20,3+
+1,6n1,6=1,6n21,9;

1,6n21,9<0;

a14=a1+d(n1)=20,3+1,6

1,6n<21,9;

n<

n



363.

Z an aZ^ZgZ nhjfmehc \b^Z an=kn+b Z ke_^h\Zl_evgh y\ey_lky


Zjbnf_lbq_kdhc ijh]j_kkb_c

[ an+1an=(n+1)25n2+5=2n l_ jZaghklv f_`^m khk_^gbfb
qe_gZfb ijh]j_kkbb aZ\bkbl hl n Z agZqbl Zn g_ y\ey_lky Zjbnf_lbq_kdhc ijh]j_kkb_c
\ an aZ^ZgZ nhjfmehc \b^Z an=kn+b Z agZqbl y\ey_lky Zjbnf_lbq_kdhc ijh]j_kkb_c

 l_ jZaghklv f_`^m kh] an+1a n=


k_^gbfb qe_gZfb ijh]j_kkbb aZ\bkbl hl n Z agZqbl Zn g_ Zjbnf_lbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby
^ an aZ^ZgZ nhjfmehc \b^Z an=kn+b Z agZqbl y\ey_lky Zjbnf_lbq_kdhc ijh]j_kkb_c
_ an aZ^ZgZ nhjfmehc \b^Z an=kn+b Z agZqbl y\ey_lky Zjbnf_lbq_kdhc ijh]j_kkb_c
364.

DZ`^uc \uimdeuc n m]hevgbd ihemqZ_lky ba nm]hevgbdZ


^h[Z\e_gb_f lj_m]hevgbdZ k kmffhc m]eh\ jZ\ghc  ke_^h\Zl_evgh Sn+1Sn  l_ ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv Sn y\ey_lky Zjbnf_lbq_kdhc ijh]j_kkb_c k jZaghklvx d=180.

57

365.
y = 3 x + 2,
2
x (3 x + 2) 2 + 12 = 0;

3 x + y = 2.
2
x y 2 = 12;

y = 3 x + 2,
2
x 9 x 2 + 12 x 4 + 12 = 0;

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_
o2=

35
=0,5;
4
y1 = 4,
beb

x1 = 2.

y = 3 x + 2,

8 x 2 + 12 x + 8 = 0

x 3x2=0; D=94   o = 3 +4 5  beb


2

y 2 = 3,5,

x 2 = 0,5.

366.

x(x2+4x32)=0; x1
beb x2+4x32=0; D=164
4 + 12
4 12
x1 =
= 4 beb x 2 =
= 8.
2
2
[ x2(x 10)+4(x 10)=0; (x10)(x2+4)=0; x=10 (x2

 

  g_l dhj-

g_c 

367.

Z  x0,5)(x+8)>0; (x0,5)(x+8)>0; (; 8)(0,5; ).


[  x33)(x+8)0; (x33)(x+8) 0; (; 8] [33; ).
368.

Z 12=(53)1 2)2=534=51=5.
[  3)2  2=1046 1)2=10462=104=10000.
\

16 3 4 5 (2 4 ) 3 (2 2 ) 5 2 12 210
1
1
=
=
= 2 12 210 2 3 = 2 5 = 5 =
3
3
8
32
2
2
2

] 4




)3



 )  )

=(32)4

3 3

 

4 4= 8

16

=3.

369.
(a1 + a n ) n
;
2
(3 + 57) 60 60 60
=
= 1800
S60=
2
2
(10,5 + 51,5) 60 41 60
S60=
=
= 1230
2
2

Sn=

Z
[

370.
Sn=

2a1 + d (n 1)
n;
2

Z a1=23; a2=20; d=20+23=3; S8= 2 (23) + 3 (8 1) 8 = 100.


2
[
a1=14,2;
a2=9,6;
d=9,614,2=4,6;
2 14,2 4,6 (8 1)
8 = 15,2
S=
8

371.
2b1 + d (n 1)
n;
2
2 (17) + 6 (9 1)
9 = 63 .
S9=
2
2 6,4 + 0,8 (9 1)
S9=
9 = 86,4 .
2

Sn=

Z
[

372.
Sn=

( x1 + xn )
n;
2

Z x1=4

 x =4n+2; S = 6 + 42n + 2 n =(4+2n)n=2n(2+n)


n

S50=250(2+50)=5200; S100=2100(2+100)=20400.
5 + 2n + 3
n = (n + 4)n;
xn=2n+3;
Sn=
[
x1=2
2
S50=50(50+4)=2700; S100=100(100+4)=10400.

 

373.
a1=31+2=5; a20=320+2=62; S 20 =

5 + 62
20 = 670. .
2

374.

Z a1=2; an=2n; Sn= (a1 + an )n = (2 + 2n)n = 2n(n + 1) = (n + 1)n .


[

2
2
2
(1 + 2n 1) n 2n n
2
=
=n .
a1=1; an=2n1; Sn=
2
2

375.

Z a1=1; a150=150; n=150; S150= (150 + 1) 150 = 11325 .


2
[ n120; a1=20; a101=120; n=101
(a1 + a101 ) 101 (20 + 120) 101
=
= 7070 .
2
2
\ an=4n; 4n300; n75; a1=4; a75=4
(4 + 300) 75
= 11400 .
S75=
2
S101=

 

] an=7n; 7n130; n   ; n=18; a1=7; a18=7




S18=



(7 + 126) 18
= 1197.
2

376.
a1=10; d=3; a n=a1+d(n1); a15=10+3(151)=52; a30=10+3(301)=97;
(a + a n )n
(a + a 30 )16 (52 + 97)16
=
= 1192.
; S= 15
Sn= 1
2
2
2

377.
a1=21;
d=0,5;
an=a1+d(n1);
a6=210,5(61)=18,5;
a25=210,5(251)=9;
(a + a n ) n
( a + a 25 ) 20 (18,5 + 9) 20
Sn= 1
=
= 275.
; S= 6
2
2
2

378.
1) cn=c1+d(n1);
c1 + 6d = 18,5,

c1 + 16d = 26,5;

10d = 45,
d = 4,5,
d = 4,5,

+
=
6
18
,
5
;
c
d
=

18
,
5
6
(
4
,
5
);
c
1
1
c1 = 45,5.
2c + d (n 1)
2 45,5 4,5( 20 1)
2) Sn= 1
n; S20=
20 = 55.
2
2

379.

bn b1
15,9 4,2
= 1,3
; d=
10 1
n 1
2b + d ( n 1)
2 4,2 + 1,3 (15 1)
2) S n= 1
n; S15=
15 = 199,5
2
2

1) bn=b1+d(n1); b1=4,2; b10=4,2; d =

380.

Ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv hn=h(n ijhc^_gguo aZ n k_dmg^ jZkklhygbc


ih mkeh\bx Zjbnf_lbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby k h1  b d  AgZqbl,
2h + d (5 1)
2 4,9 + 9,8 4
H = 1
5 =
5 = 122,5 .
5

Hl\_l  f
381.

Z h(7)=h7=4,9+6 
[
AZ
 k_dmg^

 f 
l_eh

ijhc^_l

h +h
4,9 + 63,7
H=S7= 1 7 7 =
7 = 68,6 3,5 = 240,1 (f).
2
2

jZkklhygb_

Hl\_l  f  f

382.

Dhebq_kl\h rZjh\ \ dZ`^hf jy^m ij_^klZ\ey_l kh[hc Zjbnf_lbq_kdmx ijh]j_kkbx k i_j\uf qe_ghf Z1  b jZaghklvx d  Qbkeh
rZjh\ \ lj_m]hevgbd_ ba n jy^h\ jZ\gh Sn= 2a1 + d (n 1) n  Ihwlhfm

2
2 1 + 1(n 1)
n( n + 1)
120=
,
n(n+1)=240;

n =
2
2
1 + 31
2 + 29
D=1241(240)=961; n=
= 16 (n>0); S30=
2
2

rZjh\ 

n2+n240=0;

  

383.
an=a1+d(n1);
4d = 4,8,
d = 1,2,
a1 + 6d = 8,
d = 1,2,

a1 + 10d = 12,8; a1 + 6d = 8; a1 = 8 6 1,2; a = 0,8;

384.
a1=20,7; a2=18,3; d=a2a1=18,320,7=2,4; an=a1+d(n1)=20,7
23,1 an
2,4n+2,4=23,12,4n; cn=23,12,4n; n =
2,4
4

Z
[

23,1 ( 1,3)
= 3,7 g_ p_eh_ qbkeh
2,4
23,1 ( 3,3)
= 11 l _ an=3,3.
2,4

 l_ 1,3a .

n=

 

385.

2 2
2
9 x + 9 ( 3x ) = 13,

y = 2 ;

3x

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_

x +

  imklv

13=0; 9x413x2

x2=t

  t= 1318+ 5 = 1 beb t= 1318 5 = 94 ; x =1

9t213t+4=0; D=(13)24

beb x2=  ; x1=1; x2=1; x3= 2 ; x4= 2 .


3

x1 = 1,

y1 = 3

x 2 = 1,

y2 = 3

x3 = ,
3

y3 = 1

x 2 + 9 + 4 x 2 = 29,
2
y = 9 + 4 x 2 ;

x = 2,
2
y = 25

beb

x4 = ,
3

y 4 = 1.

5 x 2 = 20,
2
y = 9 + 4 x 2 ;

x 2 = 4,
2
y = 9 + 4 x 2 ;

x 2 = 4,
2
y = 25;

x = 2,
2
y = 25;

x1 = 2, x 2 = 2, x 3 = 2, x 4 = 2,

y1 = 5 y 2 = 5; y 3 = 5; y 4 = 5.

386.

Z n

  =5
n

n+2

[ n=542n=54+2n.

387.
bn+1=bnq;

Z b1=6; b2=6  b3=12  b4=24  b5=48 


[ b1=16; b2=16 1 =8; b3=8 1 =4; b4=4 1 =2; b5=2 1 =1.
2

b5=81

b1=24; b2=24

 

b5=0,8

b1=0,4;
2

  b =36   b =54  


3

b2=0,4

2;

b3=0,4

2 =0,8;

b4=0,8

2;

2 =1,6.

388.

kn=c1qn1;
Z c6=c1q61=c1q5
\ c125=c1q1251=c1q124
^ ck+3=c1qk+31=c1qk+2

[ c20=c1q201=c1q19
] ck=c1qk1
_ c2k=c1q2k1

389.
xn=x1qn1;

Z x7=x1q71=x1q6=16 1

=242-6=2-2=

[ x8=x1q81=x1q7=810 1
\ x10=x1q101=x1q9=
] x6=x1q61

2 ) = ( 2 )
5
1
=x q =125 =5 =5 5
5
9

10
10
=
=2,7.
27
33

=10343-7=

10

=25=32.

-5

=5-2=

1
.
25

390.

bn=b1qn1;

Z b5=b1q51=b1q4= 3 2
4 3

3 16
4
=
.
4 81 27

3
= 1,8 3 2 = 1,8 3 3 = 3 .
b4=b1q =b1q =1,8
3
27
5

41

391.

Z o1=2; x2=6; q= 6 =3; xn=x1qn1=2  n1; x7=2  6=2


2

x1=40; x2=20; q=

40
5
= .
64
8
6

20 1
= ; xn=(40)
40 2

 )

n1

; x7=40



12 ) =0
6

x1=0,125;

x2=0,25;

x7 = 0,125( 2 ) =
x1=10;

0,25
=2;
0,125

xn=0,125

n1

64
= 8 .
0,125

q=

x2=10;

q=

 

10
=1;
10



n1

xn=(10)

=(1)n

x7=(1)7

392.

Z x1=48; x2=12; q= 12 = 1 ; xn=x1qn1; x6=48  )5=


48

3
; xn=48
64

[ x1= 64 ; x2= 32 ; q= 32 9 = 3 ; x6=x1q5= 64 3


9

3 64

=54; xn=

64 3

9 2



n1

n1

64 243
=
9 32

n 1

\ x1=0,001; x2=0,01; q=
xn=103

9 2

 )

0,01
=10; x6=x1q5=103
0,001

 =10 =100;
5

x1=100; x2=10; q=

10
1
; x6=x1q5=100
=
100
10

1
=103=0,001; xn=x1qn1=102
10

101 ) =10 10
5

-5

n 1

393.

$n+1BCn+1a$nBCn. Wlh agZqbl qlh iehsZ^b lj_m]hevgbdh\


khklZ\eyxl ]_hf_ljbq_kdmx ijh]j_kkbx (Sn kh agZf_gZl_e_f
q=

1
4

 hldm^Z S =S (  ) ; S = 7689 = 3 49
9

3
3
=
5
1024
4

kf2.

394.

Z bn=b1qn1

b1 =

bn
3
1
1
; b1 = 5 = 4 =
.
81
q n 1
3
3

[ bn=b1qn1

b1 =

bn

q n 1

1
17 2

2
2

56
.
125

395.

Z cn=c1qn1; c5=c1q51=c1q4; c7=c1q6;

c 7 c1 q 6

=q2=
=9; q=3
=
4
c 5 c1 q


q=3.
c8 c1 q 7
9
3
=
=q2=
; q=
25
5
c 6 c1 q 5

[ c6=c1q5; c8=c1q7;

beb q= 3 .
5

396.

Z xn=x1qn1;

x1 =

[ xn=x1qn1;

x5 x1q 4 2 18 1
1
= ; q1=
=
=q =
2
9

162
3
x3 x1q

xn
0,32
; x1 =
= 0,32 55 = 1000 .
q n 1
(0,2)5

beb q2= 1 .
3

397.

Z  b3=b1q2; q2=

5
1
1
1
; q= beb
.
=
125 25
5
5
1 5 125
1
beb b6=125
)=
2) b6=b1q5; b6=125
=
5
3125 25
[ b3=b1q2; q2= 22 =9; q beb q=3;

2) b7=b1q6; b7=

2
9

125
1
15 ) = 3125
.
=
25
5

  beb b = 92  =162.


6

b4=b1q3; b6=b1q5;

b6 b1q 5 2 2 
=
=q ; q =
=100; q

b4 b1q 3

q=10.
2) b4=b1q3; b1=

b4
q

398.
b1=2; b5=162.
8

; b1=

1
10

 beb b =
1

1
(10) 3

=0,001.

 beb



=81; q  beb q=3;



 Ijb q  lh b =b q=2  b =b q =2 =18; b =b q =2 =54;
 Ijb q  lh b =b q=2   b =b q =2  =18;
b =b q =2  =54.

1) bn=b1qn1; b5=2 q51=2 q4=162 q4=


2

399.
1
1
1
= 2 q3 q3 = q =
4
8
2

a=2q; b=2q2;

a = 2

1
1
1
=1; b = 2 = .
2
2
2

400.

b2=b1q=6; b4=b1q3=24 q2=4; q1=2; q2=2


1) ijb q=2 b6=b4q2=244=96
2) ijb q=2 b6=b4q2=244=96.

401.

?`_]h^gh kmffZ \deZ^Z \hajZklZ_l gZ  l_ \  jZaZ Ke_^h\Zl_evgh q_j_a  ]h^Z hgZ \hajZkl_l \  3 jZaZ
S3=800  3  j
402.

< jZ\ghklhjhgg_f lj_m]hevgbd_ kh klhjhghc


an 3
2

hn=

 ke_^h\Zl_evgh p

n+1=3hn=

3
2

a =
n

Zn

\ukhlZ jZ\gZ

 l_ i_jbf_lju

3
pn
2

lj_m]hevgbdh\ h[jZamxl ]_hf_ljbq_kdmx ijh]j_kkbx kh agZf_gZl_e_f


p6=24

q=

3
. p6=p1(
2

 5


)=

9 3
25

p1;

p1=3

 

AgZqbl

9 53 =3 9 53 = 274 3 kf


3

403.

LZd dZd klhjhgu dZ`^h]h ke_^mxs_]h lj_m]hevgbdZ y\eyxlky


kj_^gbfb ebgbyfb ^ey ij_^u^ms_]h lh an+1= 1 an,
2

pn+1=3an=3

12 a = 12 p , l_ i_jbf_lju lj_m]hevgbdh\ y\eyxlky qe_n

gZfb ]_hf_ljbq_kdhc ijh]j_kkbb kh agZf_gZl_e_f q= 1


2

1
p8=( )7p1; p1=3
2

 p = 7 
1

48 3
4
=
=
128 8

kf

404.

an a1 2 ( 45,6) 47,6
=
=
= 3,4 .
15 1
14
n 1
2a + d (n 1)
2 (45,6) + 3,4 49
n; S50=
2) Sn= 1
2
2
1) a1=45,6; an=a1+d(n1); d =

 

405.

Z 2n:9n1=32n:(32)n1=32n:32n2=32n(2n2)=32=9.
[ n62n=(22)n62n=22n62n=22n+62n=26=64.
\ 1+2nn=24:(22)1+2n 3)n=24:22+4n3n=2424n+3n=22n.
406.
x 2 y 2 = 30,

x + y = 5;
25 10 y +

x = 5 y;
10 y = 5,

x = 5 y;

407.

(5 y ) 2 y 2 30 = 0,

x = 5 y;

y 2 y 2 30 = 0,
y = 0,5,
y = 0,5,

x
5
(
0
,
5
);
=

x = 5,5;

Z  =jZnbd nmgdpbb y=2x213x34 iZjZ[heZ m dhlhjhc \_l\b gZijZ\e_gu \\_jo ld dhwnnbpb_gl ijb x2 iheh`bl_e_g 
 J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ x213x34=0; D=(13)2

   x = 13 +4 21 =8,5; x = 13 4 21 =2.


3) ( ][8,5; + 
[ x(52x)<0; x(x2,5)>0; ( ][2,5; + 
4

10

408.
Sn=

E T Q 
;
T 

Z S5=
[ S5=

( ) 1
1 5
2

1
2

500

( ) 1

1
2

1 5
5

( 1) = 31 = 16 1 1 = 16 1 = 15 1 .

1
32
1
2

500

32

1
3125
4
5

) = 3124 =624,8.

409.

Z b1=3; b2=6; q = 6 =2; Sn= E T


;
T 

3 ( 2 ) 1 3 (64 1)
=
=63.
2 1
3
36 2
b1=54; b2=36; q=
= ;
54 3

S5=

S6=

54

( ) 1
2 6
3

2
3

54

64
729
1
3

\ b1=32; b2=16; q= 16
32

S6=
1
2

( ) 1
1 6
2

] b1=1; b2=

) = 665 54 3 = 1330 = 147 7 .

32

729 1

1
;
2

= 64 1 = 1 64 =63.
64
1

1
;
1
2

1

1 6
1
1 2 1 2
= 64 = 21 .
S6= 1
3
32
2 1


; q=

( )

11

410.
Sn=

c1 ( q n 1)
;
q 1

[ S9= 1 (( 2

S9=

) )

4 39 1
=
3 1

1
=171.
2 1

39364.

411.

bn+1 0 ,2 5n +1
=
bn
0,2 5n

 AgZqbl b ]_hf_ljbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby


n

kh agZf_gZl_e_f q=5. Sn=


[

bn +1
3 2n
=
bn
3 2 n 1

 AgZqbl b ]_hf_ljbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby kh


n

agZf_gZl_e_f q=2. Sn=


\

bn +1 3n + 2
= n +1
bn
3

b1 ( q n 1) 0,2 5 (5 n 1) 5 n 1
.
=
=
q 1
5 1
4

b1 (q n 1) 3 2 0 (2 n 1)
=3(2n1).
=
q 1
2 1

  AgZqbl b ]_hf_ljbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby kh


n

agZf_gZl_e_f q=3. Sn=

b1 (q n 1) 3 2 (3 n 1) 9 n
=
= (3 1) .
3 1
2
q 1

412.

Z b1=1; b2=3; q= 3 =3; Sn=


1

b1 (q n 1) 1 (3 n 1) 3 n 1
.
=
=
q 1
3 1
2

[ b1=2; b2=4; q= 4 =2; Sn= 2 (2


2

\ b1= 1 ; b2= 1 ; q=
2

4
1
2

1)
=2 n1).
2 1
1 1 n
n
2 1 1 1
1
2

2
= ; Sn=
.
=
1
2
3
1
n

()
2

] b1=1; b2=x; q= x =x; Sn= 1 (( x)

( x) n 1
1)
.
=
x +1
x 1

^ b1=1; b2=x2; q= x

12

( )

=x2; Sn=

1( x 2 n 1)
x 2 1

x 2 n 1)
x 2 1

_ b1=1; b2=x3; q= x

=x3; Sn=

1 (( x3 ) n 1)
( x3 )n 1
.
=
3
x 1
x3 + 1

413.

Z b7=b1q6; b1= b76

6,4 (1,5 7 1) 102,95


72,9
= 205,9.
=
=6,4; S7 =
6
0,5
1,5 1
1,5

[ b5=b1q4; b1= b54

16 2
16 34
: =
=9;
9 3
9 24

S7 =

( ) 1
2 7
3

2
3

==

) = 2059 = 25 34 .

128
2187
1
3

81

81

414.

Z x5=x1q ; x1=
4

S5 =

90

( ) 1
1 5
3

1
3

[ x4=x1q3; x1=
S5 =

x5

()

10 81
=90;
9

==

x4
q

10
9
1 4

90 242 3
4
= 134 .
2 243
9
121,5

( 3)3

=4,5;

4,5 (3) 1 9 244


=274,5.
=
3 1
42
5

415.
b1=1; b5=162; b5=b1q4; q4=

b5 162
=
=81 q
2
b1

 beb q  gh q=3

g_ m^h\e_l\hjy_l mkeh\bx aZ^Zqb ld ijhp_kkby agZdhi_j_f_ggZy  ke_^h\Zl_evgh q=3;


S6=

2 ((3) 6 1)
728
=
=364.
3 1
2

13

416.

b2=b1q; b4=b1 q3;

54
b
b4 b1q 3
= 9 ; q1=3; q2=3
=
= q2 ; 4 =
6
b2
b1q
b2

ih^oh^bl ih mkeh\bx ke_^h\Zl_evgh


S7=

q=3.

b1=

g_

b2 6
= =2;
q 3

2 (3 7 1)
= =2186.
3 1

417.
bn=b1qn1 b7= b1q6; b1=



b7 0,012
=
=187,5; bn=187,5
q6
0,26

n1

418.

Z n+32n=2n32n=2n(231)=2n
[ n+33n1=3n1+23n1=3n1(91)=8n1.
\ n5n1=52n5n1=5n1+n+15n1=5n1(5n11).
419.

x(1,5 x)0; x(x1,5)0; (

 ][1,5; + 

[  =jZnbd nmgdpbb m=x2+x+6 iZjZ[heZ m dhlhjhc \_l\b gZijZ\e_gu \\_jo ld dhwnnbpb_gl ijb
x2 iheh`bl_e_g 
 J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ x2+x+6=0; D=1246< g_l dhjg_c
3) (

  

420.

Z b1=9; b2=3; q= 3 = 1 ; |q|=|  |=  <1; S=


S=

9
1

1 3

9 3
9 3 27
=
=
=13,5.
2
2
1

E
;
 T

[ b1=2; b2= 1 ; q= 2 = 1 ; |q|=|  |=  <1;


2
2
4


2
2 24
S=
= 5 =
= 1,6 .
1
5
1+

14

\ b1= 4 ; b2=
5

S=

4
5

] b1=
S=

( )
1

3
1+

2
2

_ b1=3

4 2

5
5

15 5
5 5

2 2

2 1
3

5 1

3 +1

<1;

2
2
2
<1;
; |q|=|
|=
2
2
2

15

|=
3

3 5

1
3

3 +1

2 2

; |q|=|

3 3

5 ; b2=3; q=

3 5

2 ; b2=2; q=

2 2

S= =

3 ; b2=1; q=

^ b1=2

S=

45
=1.
25 4

1
5

4
45 1
1 1
; q=
= ; |q|=| |= <1;
25
25 4 5
5 5

5
5
5
; |q|=|
<1;
|=
5
5
5

421.

Z b1=1; b2=

1
1
1
; q=
:1=
;
10
10
10
b
1
1
1 10
S= 1 ; S= = 1 = 9 =
=1 .
1 q
9
9
1
10

[ b1=




; b2=




10

; q=
1

1
1

:( )= ;
4
2

1

1 2
1
= 12 =
= .

2
3
3
12

S=

b1
2
; S= =
1
1 q
1

1
3

= ;
b1=6; b2=1 ; q=
2

26

( )
2

15

S=

b1
; S= =
1 q

] b1=  ; b2= 


q=










=4




E  2 4 3 2
= ;
= : =
E  3 9 2 3

S=

23
E
=2.
; S= 3 2 =
 T
3
1
3

422.

Z b1=1; b2=a; q= a =a; S=


1

b1
1
=
;
1 q 1 a

[ b1=1; b2=a; q= a =a; S=


1

\ b1=1; b2=a2; q= a

=a2; S=

] b1=a; b2=a4; q= a
a

b1
1
1
=
=
;
1 q 1 ( a) 1 + a

b1
1
=
;
1 q 1 a 2

=a3; S=

b1
1
1
=
;
=
3
1 q 1 ( a ) 1 + a 3

423.

M ijZ\bevgh]h lj_m]hevgbdZ jZ^bmk \ibkZgghc hdjm`ghklb


\^\h_ f_gvr_ jZ^bmkZ hibkZgghc hdjm`ghklb L_ mdZaZggZy \ aZ^Zq_ ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv Rn jZ^bmkh\ y\ey_lky ]_hf_ljbq_kdhc
r
ijh]j_kkb_c agZf_gZl_ev dhlhjhc jZ\_g q= \i = 1 , |q|<1 >ebgu
Rhi

R n2+1

R
= n +1 = q 2 ,
Rn

hdjm`ghkl_c ln Rn lZd`_ h[jZamxl ]_hf_ljbq_kdmx ijh]j_kkbx


kh agZf_gZl_e_f q= 1  Z iehsZ^b djm]h\ Sn Rn2 h[jZamxl ]_hf_l2

jbq_kdmx ijh]j_kkbx kh agZf_gZl_e_f


2

|q

_ Hlkx^Z
l
S = 1 1   kf S =
l

1 2

16

S1
1

1
4

q =

R n2

25 4 100
=
3
3

kf

424.

Hlghr_gb_ jZ^bmkZ dZ`^h]h ke_^mxs_]h djm]Z d jZ^bmkm ij_^u^ms_]h _klv hlghr_gb_ klhjhgu d\Z^jZlZ d _]h ^bZ]hgZeb l_
2
,
2

ke_^h\Zl_evgh hlghr_gb_ iehsZ^_c ^\mo ihke_^h\Zl_evguo

djm]h\ jZ\gh
R1=

1
, |q|<1
2

 GZc^_f iehsZ^v i_j\h]h djm]Z S R

 kf S=4 =16. BlZd ihemqbf

a1
2

S=

q=

S1
16
=32 kf2.
=
1 q 1 1
2

425.

Z    ]_hf_ljbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby gZc^_f


__ kmffm b1=0,6; b2=0,06; q= 0,06 =0,1; (|q|=|0,1|=0,1<1);
0,6
b
0,6
0,6 2
=
= ;
S= 1 ; S=
1 q
1 0,1 0,9 3

[    ]_hf_ljbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby gZc^_f


__ kmffm b1=0,1; b2=0,01; q= 0,01 =0,1; (|q|=|0,1|=0,1<1);
0,1
b1
0,1
0,1 1
=
= ;
; S=
S=
1 q
1 0,1 0,9 9

\   
kby gZc^_f __ kmffm b1=0,36;

]_hf_ljbq_kdZy ijh]j_kb2=0,0036;

q=

(|q|=|0,01|=0,01<1);
b
0,36
0,36 4
=
= ;
S= 1 ; S=
1 q
1 0,01 0,99 11

0,0036
=0,01;
0,36

]        
jbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby gZc^_f __ kmffm b1=0,81;

]_hf_lb2=0,0081;

0,0081
q=
=0,01; (|q|=|0,01|=0,01<1);
0,81
b
9
9
0,81
0,81 9
=
= ; 1,(81)=1+ =1 ;
S= 1 ; S=
1 q
11 11
1 0,01 0,99 11
17

^         ]_hf_ljbq_kdZy


ijh]j_kkby gZc^_f __ kmffm b1=0,3; b2=0,03; q= 0,03 =0,1;
0,3

(|q|=|0,1|=0,1<1);
b
0,3
1
1 1 7
= ; 0,2(3)= + =
.
S= 1 ; S=
1 q
1 0,1 3
10 3 30

_         ]_hf_ljbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby gZc^_f __ kmffm b1=0,45; b2=0,0045;


q=

0,0045
=0,01; (|q|=|0,01|=0,01<1);
0,45
b
5 357
0,45
5
13
= ; 0,32(45)=
+ =
.
S= 1 ; S=
1 q
1 0,01 11
100 11 1100

426.

Z    ]_hf_ljbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby gZc^_f


__ kmffm b1=0,5; b2=0,05; q= 0,05 =0,1; (|q|=|0,1|=0,1<1);
0,5
b
0,5
0,5 5
=
= .
S= 1 ; S=
1 q
1 0,1 0,9 9

[       ]_hf_ljbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby gZc^_f __ kmffm b1=0,72; b2=0,0072;


q=

0,0072
=0,01; (|q|=|0,01|=0,01<1);
0,72
b
0,72
0,72 8


=
= ; 1,(72)=1+ =1 .
S= 1 ; S=
1 q


1 0,01 0,99 11

\         ]_hf_ljbq_kdZy


ijh]j_kkby gZc^_f __ kmffm b1=0,6; b2=0,06; q= 0,06 =0,1;
0,6

(|q|=|0,1|=0,1<1);
b
0,6
0,6 2
1 2 7
=
= ; 0,4(6)= + =
.
S= 1 ; S=
1 q
1 0,1 0,9 3
5 2 15

]         


]_hf_ljbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby gZc^_f __ kmffm b1=0,12; b2=0,0012;

q=

0,0012
=0,01; (|q|=|0,01|=0,01<1);
0,12
18

S=

b1
0,12
12 4
1
4
37
=
=
; 0,01(12)=
.
; S=
(1 + ) =
1 q
1 0,01 99 33
100
33
3300

427.
x1=0,375; x2=0,75; q=

0,75
=2;
0,375

0,375(2 1)
x1 (q n 1)
=0,375
; S6=
q 1
2 1
6

Sn=

 

428.

Z 2x2+4x=0; 2x(x+2)=0; x1=0; x2=2 kms_kl\mxl


[ 2x2+4x=30; 2x2+4x30=0; x2+2x15=0; D=2241  >0
kms_kl\mxl
\ 2x2+4x=4; 2x2+4x+4=0; x2+x+2=0; D=2241 7<0 g_ kms_kl\mxl
429.

Z G_jZ\_gkl\h \_jgh ijb ex[hf x _keb mjZ\g_gb_ x24x+m=0


g_ bf__l dhjg_c l_ D<0 dhwnnbpb_gl ijb x2 iheh`bl_evguc)

D=16 4

m=168m=8 m)<0; 2m<0; m>2.

[ G_jZ\_gkl\h \uihegy_lky ijb ex[hf x _keb mjZ\g_gb_


mx2+5x  g_ bf__l dhjg_c dh]^Z dhwnnbpb_gl ijb x2
hljbpZl_evguc b D=25 4m  m< Ihemqbf kbkl_fm
25

25 + 16m < 0, m < ,


9
16 m< 1 .

16
m < 0;
m < 0;

430.

Z k1=22+7=5; k2=22+7=1; k3=22+7=11;

k4=2

 +7=25; k =2 +7=43.

[ k1=

19
100
100 50
100
; k3= 5
;
=3
=
=
27
27
2 5
3 5 238 119
1 5
100
100
100
10
5
; k5= 5
.
=
=
=
k4= 5
4 5 1019
5 5 312 156
\ k1=2,5 1=5; k2=2,5 2=10; k3=2,5 3=20; k4=2,5 4=40;
k5=2,5 5=80.
] k1=3,2 1=1,6; k2=3,2 2=0,8; k3=3,2 3=0,4; k4=3,2 4=0,2;
k5=3,2 5=0,1.
100
5








=25; k2=

100
5










19

^
k4=

k1=

k2=

(1) 21
1
= ;
42
8

k3=

(1) 31
1
=
;
43
12

k3=

1 (1) 3 2
= ;
2 3 +1
7

(1) 4 1
(1) 51 1
1
= ; k5=
+
.
44
16
45
20

_
k4=

( 1)11 1
= ;
4 1
4

k1=

1 ( 1)1 2
= ;
2 1 + 1
3

k2=

1 (1) 2 0
= =0;
2 2 +1
5

1 (1) 4
1 (1) 5
2
= .
=0; k5=
2 4 +1
2 5 + 1 11

431.

Z an=5n; a1=5  a2=5  a3=5 


[ an=5n+1; a1=5  a2=5  a3=5



432*.

Z y2=y1+10=3+10=7; y3=y2+10=17; y4=y3+10=27.


[ y1=10; y2y1=2,5; y2= 2,5 =0,25; y3y2=2,5; y3= 2,5
10

0,25

=10; y4 y3=2,5;

y4=0,25.
\ y1=1,5, y2y1=1; y2=1+y1=2,5; y3=2+2,5=4,5; y4=3+4,5=7,5.
y3=22
y4=32
] y1=4; y2:y1=12; y2=12

 

 

 

433.

a3=19; a4=11,5; d=a4a3=11,5+19=7,5; an=a1+d(n1);


a5=a4+d=4; a3=a4d=19; a2=a3=26,2; a1=a2d=34.
[ 8,5+2d=4,5 d=2; a2=a1+d; a1=a2d=8,52=10,5;
an=a1+d(n1); a5=10,5+2(51)=10,5+8=2,5; a6=10,5+2(61)=
10,5+10=0,5.

434.

p=a1+a2+a3=24, a1, a2, a3


Zjbnf_lbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby agZqbl
a2=a1+d, a3=a1+2d, ihwlhfm i_jbf_lj p=3a1+3d=3(a1+d); 3(a1+d)=24;
a1+d=8; gh a1+d=a2 agZqbl a2=8. p8=a1+a3=16, a3=16a1. Ke_^h\Zl_evgh a1 fh`_l ijbgbfZlv ex[h_ p_eh_ agZq_gb_ hl ^h BlZd
klhjhgu jZ\gu Z, 8, 16Z ]^_ ZZ, 1 Z .

435.



 

1+2+3=180;
2=1+d,
3=3+d=1+2d.
Lh]^Z
1+2+3=1+1+d+1+2d=31+3d; 3(1+d)=180; 1+d=2=60.

20

436*.

Z < Zjbnf_lbq_kdhc ijh]j_kkbb an=an1+d; an+1=an+d; ba \lhjh]h


jZ\_gkl\Z an=an+1d; keh`bf ^\Z wlbo \ujZ`_gby ^ey an:2an=
1
=an1+d+an+1d=an1+an+1; agZqbl an= (an1+an+1), ql^
2
[ Imklv \ ihke_^h\Zl_evghklb (an) ^ey ex[h]h n \uihegy_lky
jZ\_gkl\h an=  (an1+an+1); 2an=an1+an+1; an+an=an1+an+1; anan

1=an+1an. Ke_^h\Zl_evgh gZc^_lky lZdh_ qbkeh d=anan1 qlh
an+1=an+d, l_ (an ih hij_^_e_gbx Zjbnf_lbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby
437*.

Z a4a2=2d; a2n+2a2n=2d Ke_^h\Zl_evgh (a2n) Zjbnf_lbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby k jZaghklvx 2d.


[ (an+11)(an1)=an+1an=d Ke_^h\Zl_evgh (an1) Zjbnf_lbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby k jZaghklvx d.
\ 2an+12an=2(an+1an)=2d Ke_^h\Zl_evgh (2an) Zjbnf_lbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby k jZaghklvx 2d.
] an+12an2=(an+1an)(a1+dn+a1+d(n1))=d(2a1+d(2n1)) aZ\bkbl
hl n. Ke_^h\Zl_evgh (an2) g_ y\ey_lky Zjbnf_lbq_kdhc ijh]j_kkb_c.
438.

an=a1+d(n1);

a12=9 3 2+(2 3 )

 

3 2+22

11 3 =202 3 .

[ an=a1+d(n1); a8= 5
=

3 7
32
+
3
3



5 3 7 7 3 14
=
+
3
3

5 3 7 + 7 3 14 12 3 21
=
=4 3 7.
3
3

439.

an a1
2,94 1,26
+ 1 = n;
+ 1 = 15 .
0,3
d
[ an=a1+d(n1); a5=a10,6 a12,4=3,7; a1=1,3; an=1,30,6(n
1)=0,70,6n=9,7; 0,6n=9; n=15.

21

440.

bn=b1+d(n1);

3 59
47 2
;
+ n=14 =
4 4
20 5




3 2
3 2
2 47 2
+ (n1)=2 + n =
+ n;
4 5
4 5
5 20 5
59 47 295 47 248
248 5
; n=
=31;

=
n=
=
4 20
20
20
20 2
bn=2

ke_^h\Zl_evgh b31=14 3 .
4
[) bn=b1+d(n1); bn= 47 + 2 n; 47 + 2 n=8,35; 2 n=8 7 2 7 =6;
5
20 5
20 5
20
20
65
ke_^h\Zl_evgh b15=8,35.
n=
1 2



441*.

1
1
1
1
1
1

)(10 )= ; an=10 +(n1) ; 10 +(n1) >0;
4
2
4
2
4
2

43
1 1
1
3
1
1
10 + n >0; 10 > n; n>
; n>43 n=44.
2 4
4
4
4
4
4
Ke_^h\Zl_evgh Z44=10 1 + 43 = 21 + 43 = 43 21 = 43 42 = 1 .
2 4
2
4
4
4
4
4
1 23 1
1
1
1
1
= ; an=8 +(n1)d; 8 +(n1)( )<0;
[ d=8 8 =
2
6
6
6
3
3
3
1
25 1
50 + 1 1
n+ <0;
< n; n>51 n=52
6
6
3 6
6
Ke_^h\Zl_evgh Z52=8 1 +(521)( 1 )=8 1 51 = 50 51 = 1 .
6
6
3
3 6
6
d=(10

442.

Z mn=m1+d(n1); m2=m1+d; m7=m1+6d; m4=m1+3d;


ke_^h\Zl_evgh m2+m7m4m5=m1+d+m1+6d(m1+3d)(m1+4d

m5=m5+4d;



l_

m2+m7=m4+m5.
[ mn=m1+d(n1); mn5=m1+d(n6); mn+10=m1+d(n+9); mn+5=m1+d(n+4);
ke_^h\Zl_evgh mn5+mn+10mnmn+5=m1+d(n6)+m1+d(n+9)m1d(n1)m1
d(n+4)= =d(n6+n+9n+1n
l _ mn5+mn+10=mn+mn+5.

   

443.
xm=x1+d(m1); xn=x1+d(n1).
xmxn=x1+d(m1)x1d(n1)=dmdn=d(mn), d=
22

xm xn
.
mn

444.

Z a37=a20+17d d = a37 a20 = 0,1 .


17
[ a100=a10+90d=270+90(3)=0.
445.

Z a1= 2 ; a2= 3 ; d=a2a1= 3 2 = 9 8 =

1
;
4
4 3
12
12
2a + d (n 1)
n;
Sn= 1
2
2
1
4
3
+4
2 3 + 12 (10 1)
(16 + 1) 5
5
3
10=
10=
S10=
=10
;
2
2
12
12
3

[ a1=

3 ; a2= 12 ; d=a2a1= 12 3 =2 3 3 = 3
2a1 + d (n 1)
n;
Sn=
2
2 3 + 3 (10 1)
2 3 +9 3
3;
10=
10=11 3
S10=
2
2

 

446.

a1=2; a2=6; d=a2a1=62=4; Sn=

+4(n1); n=50; S50=

a1=95;

2 2 + 4(50 1)
50=5000;
2

a2=85;

d=a2a1=85955=10;

155=9510(n1); n=26; S26=

447.

2a1 + d (n 1)
n; 198=2+
2

Sn=

2a1 + d (n 1)
n;
2

2 95 10(26 1)
26=780.
2

Imklv O \_jrbgZ A1, , A12


gZ h^ghc klhjhg_ m]eZ
(AkAk+1=a) B1, B12 gZ ^jm]hc klhjhg_ m]eZ OAkBk~OA1B1.
AgZqbl A k B k = OA k =k; AkBk=kA1B1; Ak+1Bk+1AkBk=A1B1.
A 1 B1
OA 1

Ke_^h\Zl_evgh
^ebgu
hlj_adh\
y\eyxlky
qe_gZfb
Zjbnbf_lbq_kdhc ijh]j_kkbb k i_j\uf qe_ghf a1=3 b jZaghklvx

23



d=a1

kmffZ

bo

2a + d (12 1)
2 3 + 3 11
12=
12=6
S12= 1
2
2

^ebg

    kf;

jZ\gZ

448.

an=a1+d(n1)=a1+11(0,4);
2,4=a14,4;
a1=6,8
2a1 + d (n 1)
2 6,8 0,4 11
12 =6 9,2=55,2.
n; S12=
Sn=
2
2
2a + d (n 1)
70 + 5(n 1)
[ Sn= 1
n=250;
n=250; n215n100=0;
2
2
15 25
; n=20 beb n=5, g_ ih^oh^bl ih
D=(15)241(100)=625; n=
2
kfukem aZ^Zqb an=a20=a1+d(n1)=35+5
a + 50
n; 5050=(a1+50)n. < lh`_ \j_fy
\ Sn= a1 + an n; 2525= 1
2
2

an=a1+d(n1); 50=a1+

 




5050 = a1 n + 50n;

1
1

50 = a1 + 2 n 2 ;

  Bf__f kbkl_fm

(n

101 n
2 n + 50n = 5050

a = 101 n
1
2

101
n2
+ 50n ;
n
n2201n+10100=0;
D=(201)2
2
2
201 1
1
; n1=100 beb n2=101; n1=100, a1= ; n2=101,
4110100=1; n=
2
2
1
1
a1=0.
29
2
] Sn= a1 + an n; 450= 2
n; 900=30n; n=30. an=a1+d(n1);
2
2
5050=

29







+d(301); 29







+29d; 29=29d; d=1.

449*.
x10=x1+9d; 1=x1+9d; S16=

kbkl_fm

24

2 x1 + 15d
16; 4=(2x1+15d)8.
2

Ihemqbf

x1 = 2 ,

d = 1 .

x1 + 9d = 1,
x1 = 1 9d ,
x1 = 1 9d ,

4 x1 + 30d = 1; 4(1 9d ) + 30d = 1; 6d = 3;

450.

d=1; Sn=

qbk_e 
[

+ G Q 


n1; n=90; S

90=

d=1; Sn=

qbk_e 

D

n GZc^_f dhebq_kl\h ^\magZqguo


2 10 + 1(90 1)
90=4905.
2

2a1 + d (n 1)
n
2

 GZc^_f dhebq_kl\h ^\magZqguo

n1;

n=900; S900=

2 100 + 1(900 1)
900=494550.
2

451.

Z an=2n. 2n200; n100. a1=2; a100=2

 S = a1 +2 an n;
n

(2 + 200)
100=10100.
2
[ an=2n1. 2n1150; 2n151; n75,5; n=75 a1=1; a75=2
(1 + 149)
a +a
75=5625.
Sn= 1 n n; S75=
2
2
\ a1=102; a33=198=a1+33(n1); n=33; an=3n.
(102 + 198)
33=4950.
S33=
2

S100=

452*.

 




Z QbkeZ g_ djZlgu_ lj_f bf_xl \b^ bn=1+3(n1) b cn=2+3(n


1). Ihemqbf
1) bn<100; 1+3(n1)<100; 3(n1)<99; n1<33; n<34, lh]^Z
2 1 + 3(n 1)
2 + 3 32
Sn=S33=
n=
;
2
2
98
2
2) cn<100; 2+3(n1)<100; 3(n1)<98; n1<
; n <32 +1. Lh]^Z
3
3
2 2 + 3(33 1)
4 + 3 32
33=
2+3
50
50;
S33=
2
2
3) S=1657+1650=3267.

    

    

25

[ JZkkfhljbf Zjbnf_lbq_kdb_ ijh]j_kkbb an=51+(n b


 gZc^_f San b Sbn:

bn=55+5(n1), lh]^Z bkdhfZy kmffZ S=SanSbn

1) an=149; 149=51+n1; n=14950=99. San=S99=

=99 100=9900.
2) bn=145 gZb[hevr__ qbkeh
145=55+5(n1);
145=55+5n5;
55 + 145
19=100 19=1900.
Sbn=S19=
2
3) S=SanSbn=99001900=8000.

149 + 51
99=
2

 djZlgh_  b f_gvr__ 

5n=14550=95;

n=19;

453*.

Z an=1+(n1);
lh]^Z

Sn=

2 1 + 1(n 1)
n
n= (n
2
2

  ih mkeh\bx a



n+1=Sn;

 

n
n
n
+(n1)+1)= (n+1); 5(n+1)= (n+1); l d n+10; lh]^Z =5, n=10.
2
2
2
Bkdhfh_ qbkeh an+1=a11=1+(111)=11.
[ Ih mkeh\bx an+1=Sn; n+1= Q (n+1); Q =1; n=2; ZgZeh]bqgh a3=3.

454*.

a1=2; a2=5; d=a2a1=3; an=2+3(n1)=3n2. Ijb aZf_g_ q_lguo


qe_gh\ gZ ijhlb\hiheh`gh_ qbkeh ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv bf__l \b^ 
5; 8; 11; 14;  Ijb n=2k __ qe_g xn=an, ijb n=2k+1 bf__f
xn=an; ke_^h\Zl_evgh xn=(1)n+1 an=(1)n+1(3n2). KmffZ n qe_gh\
wlhc ihke_^h\Zl_evghklb jZ\gZ Sn=x1+x2+x3+...+xn=a1a2+a3
a4+...+(1)n+1 an=(a1+a3+...)(a2+a4+...).
S50=SS ]^_ S kmffZ g_q_lguo

qe_gh\ S kmffZ q_lguo


qe_gh\
Ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv g_q_lguo qe_gh\ (an): a1; a3; ...; a2k1; ... n50,
l_ k150, 2k51; k Wlh Zjbnf_lbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby k jZaghklvx d: a2k1a2(k1)1=a1+(2k11)da1(2(k1)2)d=(2k2)d(2k4)d=
=2d. S1=

2a1 + 2d 24
2

   

Ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv a2k q_lguo qe_gh\ (an); y\ey_lky Zjbnf_lbq_kdhc ijh]j_kkb_c k jZaghklvx 2d b k i_j\uf qe_ghf jZ\guf a2;
2 a 2 + 2d 24
   
2k l_ k25. S2=
2
BlZd bkdhfZy kmffZ S50=18501925=75.
26

455.
x x 2 x3 ... x n
x1+ 2 +...+ n
= 1+ 3+...+ 2 n 1 ;
3
5
2 n 1
x x x ... x
x

(n +1)

1 + (2n 1)
x2
1+3+...+(2n1)=
n=n2;
2
xn

1+2+...+n=
1

= x2

n
n2 + n2
2

1+ n
n
n= (n+1);
2
2

=x

nn2
2

x 2 x 4 x 6 ... x 2 n x 2 + 4 +...+ 2 n ( x 2 )1+ 2 +...+ n


= 1+ 2+...+ n = 1+ 2 +...+ n =
x x 2 x3 ... x n
x
x
1+ 2 +... + n

x2
=
x

= x1+ 2 +...+ n = x 2

( n +1)

456*.

Z a1=8,2; a2=7,4; d=7,48,2=0,8. Hij_^_ebf ghf_j ihke_^g_]h


iheh`bl_evgh]h qe_gZ ijh]j_kkbb an=a1+d(n1)>0; 8,2+(0,8)(n


1)>0; 8,20,8n+0,8>0; 0,8n<9; n<9:0,8; 9:0,8=9 =11,25; n<11 , l_


n BlZd ihke_^gbf iheh`bl_evguf qe_ghf y\ey_lky an Lh]^Z
2a1 + 10d
2 8,2 + 10 0,2
=
2
2
a1=6,5; a2=6; d=6+6,5=0,5.





S11=

(8,2+1) 11=101,2.

Hij_^_ebf ghf_j ihke_^g_]h


[
hljbpZl_evgh]h qe_gZ ihke_^h\Zl_evghklb an=a1+d(n1)<0;
6,5+0,5(n 1)<0; 6,5+0,5n0,5<0; 0,5n<6,5+0,5; 0,5n<7; n<14. BlZd
ihke_^gbf hljbpZl_evguf qe_ghf y\ey_lky a13. Lh]^Z
2a1 + 12d
6,5 2 + 12 0,5
3=
2
2
13 + 6
7
=
13 = 13 = 45,5 .
2
2

S13=

457*.
S10=
S30=

l_fm




+ G


0=(2a +9d)  a +9d=20

+ G


3=

30=(2a +29d)  a +29d=60. Ihemqbf kbk1

2a1 + 9d = 20 2a1 + 9d = 20 2a1 + 9d = 20 a1 = 1

d = 2
d = 2
2a1 + 29d = 60 20d = 40
27

S40=

2a1 + 39d
40=(2+2
2

   

458.
2a1 + 19d
20=(2a1+19d)
2
2a + 39d
S40= 1
40=(2a1+39d)
2

Z S20=

  a +39d=500. Ihemqbf

kbkl_fm

  a +19d=100
1

2a1 + 19d = 100 2a1 + 19d = 100 a1 = 140


;

d = 20
2a1 + 39d = 500 20d = 400;
a50=a1+49d=140+49
2a + 4d
a1+2d=0,1
[ S5= 1
5=(a1+2d)
2
2a + 14d
a1+7d=5,4
S15= 1
15=(a1+7d)
2

  
 
 

lh]^Z

a1 + 2d = 0,1, a1 + 2d = 0,1 a = 2,3

d = 1,1
a1 + 7d = 5,4; 5d = 5,5
Lh]^Z a50=a1+49d=2,3+49(1,1)=51,6.

459.

Z an=2n+1; a1=2

(a1 + a2 )
(3 + 2n + 1)n 4n + 2n 2
=
n=
=2n+n2.
2
2
2
( 2 + 3 n)
(a1 + a2 )
5n n 2
n=
an=3n; a1=31=2; Sn=
n=
.
2
2
2

Sn=



460*.



Sn=n28n; a1=S1=7, l d Sn=Sn1+an, lh an=SnSn1=n28n((n1)2


8(n1))=n28n(n22n+18n+8)=2n8=6+2(n1). Ke_^h\Zl_evgh (an)
y\ey_lky Zjbnf_lbq_kdhc ijh]j_kkb_c a5=6+2

 

461*.
Sn=

2a1 + d (n 1)
d
d
d
n=a1n+ (n1)n= n2+n(a1 ).
2
2
2
2

IjbjZ\gy_f dhwnnbpb_glu ijb h^bgZdh\uo kl_i_gyo


qbf
28

 ihem-

Z Sn=n2+3n= d n2+(a1 d )n. d2; a1+1=3, a1=2.


2
2
[  \  ] g_ y\eyxlky Zjbnf_lbq_kdbfb ijh]j_kkbyfb lZd dZd \
bo nhjfmeZo kmffu n qe_gh\ ijbkmlkl\m_l keZ]Z_fh_ g_ aZ\bkys__
hl n.
462.

Z
b1=

q=

b3
135
3
=
= =0,6;
225
5
b4

b2=

b2 135 3
3
=
=81; b6=b5 q=81 =48,6.
5
q
5
b
b
36

=1,5;
b3= 4 =
[
q= 5 =
=24;
q 1,5
b4 

b1=

b3 225 3
=
=135;
5
q

b2=

b3 24
=
=16;
q 1,5

b2 16

=
=1 ;

q 1,5

463*.

 GZc^_f agZf_gZl_ev ]_hf_ljbq_kdhc


n
ijh]j_kkbb yn +1 = xn +1 + 1 = x1qn 1+ 1 aZ\bkbl hl n ke_^h\Zyn
xn + 1
x1q + 1
l_evgh (y ) g_ y\ey_lky ]_hf_ljbq_kdhc ijh]j_kkb_c
[ y =3x ; y =3x  GZc^_f agZf_gZl_ev ]_hf_ljbq_kdhc
y
3x + 1 x + 1
ijh]j_kkbb n +1 = n = n =q agZqbl y y\ey_lky ]_hf_ly
3x
x
yn=xn+1; yn+1=xn+1

n+1

n+1

jbq_kdhc ijh]j_kkb_c kh agZf_gZl_e_f q.


\ yn= xn2 ; yn+1= x n2+1  GZc^_f agZf_gZl_ev ]_hf_ljbq_kdhc

ijh]j_kkbb
agZqbl
q2.

(yn)

y n +1 x n2+1
( x1 q n ) 2
x12 q 2 n
= 2 =
=
=
yn
xn
( x1 q n 1 ) 2 x12 q 2( n 1)

q 2n
q 2( n 1)

=q2;

y\ey_lky ]_hf_ljbq_kdhc ijh]j_kkb_c kh agZf_gZl_e_f

29

yn=

1
1
; yn+1=
xn
xn +1

ijh]j_kkbb

 GZc^_f agZf_gZl_ev ]_hf_ljbq_kdhc

y n +1
x
1
= n = ;
yn
x n +1 q

agZqbl

(yn)

y\ey_lky ]_hf_ljbq_kdhc

1
.
q

ijh]j_kkb_c kh agZf_gZl_e_f
464.

Imklv x1, x2, x3 Zjbnf_lbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby lh]^Z x2=x1+d,


x3=x1+2d=x2+d. Imklv x1, x2, x3 ]_hf_ljbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby lh]^Z
x2 x3
=
, x22 =x1 x3; (x1+d)2=x1(x1+2d); x12 +2x1d+d2= x12 +2dx1; d2=0,
x1 x2
d=0 wlh agZqbl qlh o1=o2=o3 ex[u_ qbkeZ g_ jZ\gu_ gmex

465*.

Z Imklv (bn) ]_hf_ljbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby lh]^Z


bn+1=qbn; lh]^Z bn2 =q2 bn21 =q2 bn 1 EQ =q bn 1 bn= bn 1 bn +1 .
[ Imklv

lh]^Z

bn2 = bn 1 bn +1 ,

bn
b
= n +1 = q ,
bn
b n 1

bn=qbn1;

Z wlh b hagZqZ_l

qlh (bn) ]_hf_ljbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby


466.

Z GZc^_f agZf_gZl_ev ]_hf_ljbq_kdhc ihke_^h\Zl_evghklb

xn + 1 2n +1
= n =
xn
2

 ke_^h\Zl_evgh x y\ey_lky ]_hf_ljbq_kdhc ijhn

]j_kkb_c kh agZf_gZl_e_f q=2.


[ GZc^_f agZf_gZl_ev ]_hf_ljbq_kdhc ihke_^h\Zl_evghklb
xn + 1 3 n 1 1
1
= n = xn+1= xn
xn
3
3
3

 ke_^h\Zl_evgh x y\ey_lky ]_hf_ljbn

q_kdhc ijh]j_kkb_c kh agZf_gZl_e_f q= 1 .


3
\ GZc^_f agZf_gZl_ev ]_hf_ljbq_kdhc ihke_^h\Zl_evghklb

xn + 1 (n + 1) 2 n 2 + 2n + 1
=
=
xn
n2
n2
]_hf_ljbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby.
30

aZ\bkbl hl n, ke_^h\Zl_evgh (x ) g_
n

467.

Z bn=b1qn1; b8= 243 2

8 1

256 3

[ bn=b1qn1; b5=

( )

2
6
3

5 1

35 2 7
1
1
= 1 2 =
.
8
7
18
2 3
2 3
=

2 ( 6)4

= 36

6
= 12 6 .
3

468.

5
1
1
E
 

=
; q1= ; q2= ;
; b9=b5q4; q4=  =
E   
3
3
3
1
1
1
1
1) q= ; b6=135 =45; b7=45 =15; b8=15 =5.
3
3
3
3

1
1
1
)=45; b7=45
)=15; b8=15
)=5.
2) q= ; b6=135

3
3
3

b5=135; b9=

469.

bn=b1qn1; bn+1=b1qn JZkkfhljbf jZaghklv bn+1bn=b1qn1(q1)>0;


Z b1>0, q> ke_^h\Zl_evgh bn+1>bn.
[ b1>0, 0<q< ke_^h\Zl_evgh bn+1<bn.
\ b1<0, q> ke_^h\Zl_evgh bn+1<bn.
] b1<0, 0<q< ke_^h\Zl_evgh bn+1>b1.











470.

Z an=a1qn1; a2=a1q; a3=a1q2; a5=a1q4; a6=a1q5.


a1qa1q5a1q2a1q4= a12 q6 a12 q6  Ke_^h\Zl_evgh a2a6=a3a5.
[ an=a1qn1; an3=a1qn4; an+8=a1qn+7; an+5=a1qn+4.
a1qn4a1qn+7a1qn1a1qn+4= a12 q2n+3 a12 q2n+3  ke_^h\Zl_evgh

an

3an+8=anan+5

471.

 JZkkfhljbf hlghr_gb_
 ke_^h\Zl_evgh b =b q .

bn=b1qn1; bm=b1qm1
1)

=qnm

bn
b q n 1
= 1 m 1 =qn1(m
bm b1q

nm

31

472*.
x (q n 1)
Sn= 1
;
q 1
x1=

20

1
1 3

1
61
4
( )=x1( 5 1);
3
3
3

61 4 3 5
61 4 3 3 244 27
=

=
=27, xn=x5=27
9 1 + 35
244
1 + 35
1
q 1

[ Sn=x1 q

\



1
x1 = ;
2



(1)n=1;

Q




1;
=




8q 1

15 = q 1 ,

q n 1 = 8;

qn 1 1
Sn=x1
=
q 1 2
1 (1)n
= n ;
64
2
; n=6. xn=x6=

q = 3 ; Sn=

1
.
3

7q = 14, q = 2,
n 1

q
= 8; n = 4.

( )

1 n
1
2
;
3
2

1
>0 n
64

1 n
1 ;
2

21
1
=
64
3

q_lgh

(1)n=1

1 1
1
1
.
= 6 =
2 2
64
2

3 18 x1
xn q n x1 18 3 3 x1
; 26 3 +24=
;
=
q 1
3 1
3 1

(26 3 +24)( 3 1)=3


x1=2

13

 Bkoh^y ba mkeh\by aZibr_f kbkl_fm

q n 1
,
165 = 11
q 1

n 1
88 = 11q ;

1
=
3

( ) 1

1
x1 3

x ;
1

; xn=x1qn1; 18 3 =2 3 ( 3

26



n 1
)n1; 9= 9 4 ;

26

243

 x ;
1

n=5.

473*.
xn=SnSn1;

xn=

 

x1=3

3 n
3
3

(5 1) (5n11)= (5n5n1)= 5n1
4
4
4


Ke_^h\Zl_evgh (xn y\ey_lky ]_hf_ljbq_kdhc ijh]j_kkb_c k

q=5.

32

n1

474*.
S5=b1
=

q 5 1 11
=
;
q 1 64

S10 S 5 = b1

q10 1
q5 1
b1
=
q 1
q 1

11 
b

 

q10 q 5 =q5 S5= ; =q5
; q5=
=
=32.
q 1
2


 

b
b
S15S10= 1 (q151q10+1)= 1 q10(q51)=q10 S5=(32)2 S5=
q 1
q 1

=16

 
=16 


475.
1
x 5 1
; S5=
q 1
x 1

Z q=x; Sn= b1 q

1
x 7 1 x 7 +1
=
.
; S7=
q 1
x 1
x +1

[ q=x; Sn= b1 q

476.

1
2
1

q=

2 2
;
2

S=

2 2
=

2
(2 2 )( 2 )

2
2 2 2

1
2 1

2 2
b1
1
=
=
: 1
q 1 2 2
2

2 +1
= 2 +1;
2 1

[
S=

q=

2 2 2+ 2 2 2 +2
b1
=
=1: 1
=
=
2+ 2
q 1
22
2 2

2 2
2+ 2

2 +1
.
2

477.

Z b1=1; b2=sin30= 1 ; q= 1 ; S=
2

b1
1
=2.
=
q 1 1 1
2

( )

33

[
=

b
3
3
1
; q=
; S= 1 =
q 1 1+
2
2

b1=1; b2=cos30=

2( 2 3 )
(2 + 3 )(2 3 )

3
2

2
2+ 3

= 2( 2 3 ) .

478*.
q=

2
,
3

ke_^h\Zl_evgh ]_hf_ljbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby [_kdhg_qgh

m[u\ZxsZy S=
Z 4,5=
[

b1
1

2
3

b1
.
q 1
; b1=

1
3

 
15

5 3 15
; S= 4 2 = 3
b3= ; b3=q b1; b1= =
4

3 2
1


 =11 14 .

479.
b2=18; S=81; S=
=

b2
b
b
b1
; q(1q)= 2 =
; b2=b1q; b1= 2 ; S=
1 q
q (1 q )
q
S

2
18 2
= ; q q 2 = ; 9q29q+2=0; D=(9)2492=9;
9
81 9
19 + 3 2
19 3 1
q1=
= ; q2=
= .
18
3
18
3
2
2
Ijb q= , b3=b2q=18 =12.
Ijb q= 1 , b3=b2q=18
3
3
3

480.

Z 2,01(06)=2,01+0,01    
q_kdZy ijh]j_kkby GZc^_f __ kmffm
2,01(06)=2+

34

1
2
7
+
=2
.
100 3300
660

 =6.

 ]_hf_ljbq=0,01, |q|=<1; S=

0,06 2
=
;
0,99 33

[ 5,25(21)=5,25+0,01 21); 0,(21)=0,21+0,0021... ]_hf_ljbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby GZc^_f __ kmffm q=0,01, |q|<1; S= 0,21 = 7 ;

0,99 33
25
7
208
=5
5,25(21)=5+
.
+
100 3300
825
\ 0,00(1)=0,01
1+0,01+... ]_hf_ljbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby GZc^_f __ kmffm q=0,1, |q|=<1; S= 0,1 = 1 ; 0,00(1)= 1
0,9 9
900
] 0,28(30)=0,28+0,01
]_hf_ljbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby GZc^_f __ kmffm q= 0,0030 =0,01, |q|<1;
0,30
0,30 10
28
10
924 + 10 934
467
=
; 0,28(30)=
=
=
=
.
S=
+
0,99 33
100 3300
3300
3300 1650

     

     



481.

JZ^bmku djm]h\ ]_hf_ljbq_kdZy ijh]j_kkby Rn kh


agZf_gZl_e_f q= 1 < b R1=R klhjhgu d\Z^jZlh\ ]_hf_ljbq_2

kdZy ijh]j_kkby (an kh agZf_gZl_e_f q=


Z >ebgu hdjm`ghkl_c
]j_kkbx
kh
S=

2R
1

1
2

==

2R 2
2 1

1
2

<

 b a =R
1

2.

h[jZamxl ]_hf_ljbq_kdmx ijh1


agZf_gZl_e_f
q=
;

ln=2Rn

=2 R(2 + 2 ) .

[ IehsZ^b djm]h\ Sn=2Rn h[jZamxl ]_hf_ljbq_kdmx ijh]j_k2

kbx kh agZf_gZl_e_f q= 1 = 1 ; S= R 1 =2 R 2 .
2
1 2
2

\ I_jbf_lju d\Z^jZlh\

]j_kkbx kh agZf_gZl_e_f q=

pn=4an

h[jZamxl ]_hf_ljbq_kdmx ijh-

4R 2

; S=

1
2

8R
2 1

=8R(1+ 2 ).

35

] IehsZ^b d\Z^jZlh\

h[jZamxl ]_hf_ljbq_kdmx ijh-

Sn= Q ,
2

1
2R 2
1
= ; S=
=4 R 2

1
2
1 2
2

]j_kkbx kh agZf_gZl_e_f q=
482*.

>ebgu klhjhg lj_m]hevgbdZ y\eyxlky qe_gZfb ]_hf_ljbq_kdhc


ijh]j_kkbb (an kh agZf_gZl_e_f 1 < b a1=a JZ^bmku hdjm`ghkl_c
2
y\eyxlky qe_gZfb ]_hf_ljbq_kdhc ijh]j_kkbb (rn) kh agZf_gZl_e_f
1
a
< b r1=
.
2

2 3

Z I_jbf_lju lj_m]hevgbdh\ pn=3an h[jZamxl ]_hf_ljbq_kdmx


=6a.
ijh]j_kkbx kh agZf_gZl_e_f q= 1 ; S= 3a1 = 3a
1
1 2

a n2

[ IehsZ^b lj_m]hevgbdh\ Sn=

]j_kkbx kh agZf_gZl_e_f q= 1 ; S=
2

] IehsZ^b djm]h\

kbx kh agZf_gZl_e_f q= 1 ; S=
4

36

3
3
4

=a2

3
.
3

h[jZamxl ]_hf_ljbq_kdmx ijh-

ln=2rn

Sn= UQ

\ >ebgu hdjm`ghkl_c

h[jZamxl ]_hf_ljbq_kdmx

ijh]j_kkbx kh agZf_gZl_e_f q= 1 ; S= a

2a
2 3

1
2

2a 3
.
3

h[jZamxl ]_hf_ljbq_kdmx ijh]j_ka 2


3

12 4

a 2
.
9

483.

Z Dp=R nmgdpby q_lgZ lZd dZd kbff_ljbqgZ hlghkbl_evgh  b

j(o)=j(o): (o)4=o4.

[ Dp=R nmgdpby y\ey_lky q_lghc ld hgZ kbff_ljbqgZ hlghkbl_evgh  b j(o)=3(o)6=3o6=j(o).


\ Dp=R nmgdpby y\ey_lky q_lghc ld hgZ kbff_ljbqgZ hlghkbl_evgh  b j(o)=  = 21 =p(x).
[

+

x +1

484.

Z Dg=R nmgdpby y\ey_lky g_q_lghc lZd dZd kbff_ljbqgZ hlghkbl_evgh  b g(o)=(o)5=o5=g(o).


[ Dg=R nmgdpby y\ey_lky g_q_lghc lZd dZd kbff_ljbqgZ hlghkbl_evgh  b g(o)=4(o)3=4o3=(4o3)=g(o).
\ H[eZklv hij_^_e_gby Dg=(; 0)(0;+ nmgdpby y\ey_lky
g_q_lghc lZd dZd kbff_ljbqgZ hlghkbl_evgh  b
g(o)=

12

12

=g(o).
( x )
x3
] Dg R nmgdpby y\ey_lky g_q_lghc lZd
kbl_evgh  b g(o)=oo=oo=g(o).
3

dZd kbff_ljbqgZ hlgh-

485.

Z Df=R kbff_ljbqgZ hlghkbl_evgh  b f(x)=


=3x4x2+5=3(o)4(o)2+5=f(o  agZqbl f(x) q_lgZy
[ Df=R kbff_ljbqgZ hlghkbl_evgh  b f(o)=(o)7+2(o)3=
=o72x3=(x72x3)=f(x), ke_^h\Zl_evgh f(x) g_q_lgZy
\ f(x)=5(x)1=5x agZqbl g_ [m^_l gb g_q_lghc gb q_lghc
nmgdpb_c
] f(x)=(x)2+(x)+1=x2x+1f(x) b f(x  ke_^h\Zl_evgh f(x)g_ y\ey_lky gb q_lghc gb g_q_lghc
^ Df=(; 0)(0;+ nmgdpby kbff_ljbqgZ hlghkbl_evgh  b
1
1
f(o)=
= 5
= f (x )  ke_^h\Zl_evgh f(x) g_q_lgZy
5
x +x
x x
nmgdpby
e) Dfkbff_ljbqgZ hlghkbl_evgh  b f(o)=(x3)2+(x+3)2=
=(x+3)2+(x3)2=f(x  agZqbl f(x)q_lgZy nmgdpby
486.
1

Z Dg=R ]jZnbd nmgdpbb kbff_ljbq_g hlghkbl_evgh  b g(

o)=5(x)3=5x3=g(x  agZqbl g(x)g_q_lgZy nmgdpby


[ g(o)=(o)+5=x+5g(x) b nmgdpby g(x)g(x) ke_^h\Zl_ev-

gh g(x)g_ y\ey_lky gb q_lghc gb g_q_lghc nmgdpb_c


\ Dg=(;1)(1; 0)(0; 1)(1;+) ^ZggZy nmgdpby kbff_ljbqgZ hlghkbl_evgh  b g(o)= 84 = 48  ke_^h\Zl_ev( x ) 1

x 1

gh g(x) q_lgZy nmgdpby


] g(o)=(x2)2=(x+2)2g(x) b g(x)g(x) ke_^h\Zl_evgh g(x)
g_ y\ey_lky gb q_lghc gb g_q_lghc nmgdpb_c
487.

488.

Z LZd dZd ]jZnbd q_lghc nmgdpbb kbff_ljbq_g hlghkbl_evgh


hkb Hy lh nmgdpby gZ ijhf_`mld_   ijbgbfZ_l hljbpZl_evgu_ agZq_gby
[ LZd dZd ]jZnbd g_q_lghc nmgdpbb kbff_ljbq_g hlghkbl_evgh gZqZeZ dhhj^bgZl lh nmgdpby g_ ijhf_`mld_   ijbgbfZ_l
iheh`bl_evgu_ agZq_gby
489.

Z Ghev nmgdpbb ijb x=1,5; 1,5;


Iheh`bl_evgu_ agZq_gby nmgdpbb
ijb x(1,5; 1,5);
HljbpZl_evgu_ agZq_gby nmgdpbb
ijb x[2; 1,5)(1,5; 2].

[ Nmgdpby h[jZsZ_lky \ ghev ijb


x=1,5; 1,5;

HljbpZl_evgu_ agZq_gby nmgdpbb


ijb x(1,5; 0)(1,5; 2];
Iheh`bl_evgu_ agZq_gby nmgdpby
ijbgbfZ_l ijb x[2; 1,5)(0;
1,5).

490.

6a 5b 5 8a 4b 8 6 8(b 5b 8 )( a 5 a 4 ) 48a 9b13


=
=
= 3ab .
( 2 a 2b 3 ) 4
2 4 a 8b12
16a 8b12

(3x 2 y ) 4 25 x 3 y 6 ( 3) x 8 y 4 25 x 3 y 6
x11 y10
=
=
= 9 xy 2 .
9
(15 x 5 y 4 ) 2
225x10 y 8
x10 y 8
4

491.

185=(232)5=25310=253634; 126=(223)6=21236=272536 lZd


3  b 7=128, 81<128, lh 5<126.
544=(332)4=31224=3102432, 365 (3222)5=310210=3102426 lZd
2
3  b 6=64, 9<64, lh 4<365.
453=(325)3=3653, 67=(32)7=3727=36327;
lZd dZd 53  b 27=384, 125<384, lh 3<67.
4

dZd
dZd

492.

20 x + 7 y = 5,

15 x 4 y = 50;

20 x + 7 y = 5,

4 y = 15x 50;

7(15 x 50)

= 5,
80 x + 7(15x 50) = 20,
20 x +
4
15x 50

;
y=
15 x 50

y=
;
4
4

185x = 370,
80 x + 105x 350 = 20,
15 x 50
y = 15x 50 ;

y=
;

4
4

x = 2,

x = 2,
y = 15 2 50 ;

y = 5.

4
6( x + y ) 10( x y ) = 8,
[
5( x y ) + 2( x + y ) = 1;
3

6 x + 6 y 10 x + 10 y = 8,

5x 5 y + 2 x + 2 y = 1;
x = 4 y 2,

7(4 y 2) 3 y = 1;

4 x + 16 y = 8,

7 x 3 y = 1;
x = 4 y 2,

28 y 14 3 y = 1;

x = 4 5 2,

3
y= ;
5

x = 5 ,

3
y = .
5

4 y x = 2,

7 x 3 y = 1;
x = 4 y 2,

25 y = 15;

493.

Z
=
=

2 x + 10
x 10 x + 25
2

2 x + 10
16
16
+
+1 =
+1 =
2
3 x 15
3( x 5)
( x 5)

3(2 x + 10) + 16( x 5) + 3( x 5) 2


3( x 5) 2

6 x + 30 + 16 x 80 + 3 x 2 10 x + 25 3x 2 20 x + 25
=
;
3( x 5) 2
3( x 5) 2
J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ x220x+25=0;
D=2024325=100;
20 + 100
20 100 10 5
= 5 beb x1 =
=
= ;
6
6
6 3
5

(3x5)
(x5)
3x220x+25= 3 x (x 5) =
3

x2 =

3 x 2 20 x + 25
3(x 5)

(x 5)(3 x 5) = 3x 5
2
3(x 5)
3(x 5)

3 y + 18
y + 2 y + 36
2

15 y + 57
3 y + 18 15 y + 57
+
2 =
2 =
7 y + 42
( y + 6) 2 7 ( y + 6)

7(3 y + 18) + (15 y + 57)( y + 6) 2 7( y + 6) 2


=
7 ( y + 6) 2
( y + 6)(21 + 15 y + 57 14 y 84)
y6
y6
.
=
=
=
7( y + 6) 7 y + 42
7 ( y + 6) 2
=

494.
4

Ijb o=3 y(3)=336 [hevr_ gmey ijb o=0


5)=(5)36 [hevr_ gmey
495.

Ijb o=9 y(9)=(9)49


y(7)=749 [hevr_ gmey

y(0)=036=0; y(

f_gvr_ gmey ijb o=7

y(0)=049=0;

496.

Nmgdpby f(x)=x20 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_  b m[u\Z_l


gZ ijhf_`mld_ ; 0).
Z LZd dZd  lh f(3,7) <f(4,2).
[ LZd dZd  lh f(6,5)>f(5,2).
\ f(x) q_lgZy nmgdpby agZqbl f(7)=f(7). 0<6<7,
ke_^h\Zl_evgh f(6) <f(7)=f(7).
] f(x) q_lgZy nmgdpby agZqbl f(28)=f(28). 0<28<31 ke_^h\Zl_evgh f(28)=f(28) <f(31).
497.

Nmgdpby g(x)=x35 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_ ;+).


Z LZd dZd ! lh g(8,9)>g(7,6).
[ LZd dZd 4,6> lh g(4,6)>g(5,7).
\ LZd dZd ! lh g(10)>g(7).
] LZd dZd 63< lh g(63)<g(63).
498.

Nmgdpby y(x)=x4 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_  b m[u\Z_l


gZ ijhf_`mld_ ; 0).
Z LZd dZd <1,2< lh 4<1,54.
[ LZd dZd <0,7< lh 4<0,84.
\ LZd dZd <0,9< lh 4<14=1.
] LZd dZd 3,4<3,2< lh  4>(3,2)4.
^ Nmgdpby y(x)=x5 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_ ;+) LZd
dZd <0,8 0,35<0,85.
_ Nmgdpby y(x)=x5 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_ ;+);


1
1


< < .
3
4



499.
5

Z Nmgdpby y=x3 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_ ;+) lZd dZd 


> lh 5,73>5,43.
[ Nmgdpby y=x3 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_ ;+) lZd dZd
4,1> lh (4,1)3>(4,2)3.
\ Nmgdpby y=x3 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_ ;+); lZd dZd
0,8>(  lh 3>(1,3)3.
] Nmgdpby y=x6 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_ ); lZd dZd
0< lh 6<1,86.
^ Nmgdpby y=x6 m[u\Z_l gZ ijhf_`mld_    lZd dZd 5,3<
4,2<  lh (5,3)6>(4,2)6.
_ Nmgdpby y=x6 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_ ); lZd dZd
0<2,1< lh 2,16<3,16.
500.

243=35 agZqbl ]jZnbd nmgdpbb y=x5 ijhoh^bl q_j_a lhqdm :


243(3)5 agZqbl ]jZnbd nmgdpbb y=x5 g_ ijhoh^bl q_j_a B;
3125=55, agZqbl ]jZnbd nmgdpbb y=x5 ijhoh^bl q_j_a C.

501.

128=27 ke_^h\Zl_evgh lhqdZ A ijbgZ^e_`bl ]jZnbdm nmgdpbb


y=x7;
128=(2)7 ke_^h\Zl_evgh lhqdZ B ijbgZ^e_`bl ]jZnbdm
nmgdpbb y=x7;
2187(3)7 ke_^h\Zl_evgh lhqdZ C g_ ijbgZ^e_`bl ]jZnbdm
nmgdpbb y=x7.

502.

Z y=0,7250,19;
[ y=2,65118,81;
\ y=(3,4)5454,35.
503.

504.

Z  q_lgh_ qbkeh ke_^h\Zl_evgh ]jZnbd nmgdpbb y=x40


jZkiheh`_g \ , b ,, q_l\_jlyo
[  g_q_lgh_ qbkeh ke_^h\Zl_evgh ]jZnbd nmgdpbb y=x123
jZkiheh`_g \ , b ,,, q_l\_jlyo
505.

Z  j_r_gby
[  j_r_gb_
\ g_l j_r_gbc
]  j_r_gb_
506.

Z ?keb y
[ ?keb y
\ ?keb y

lh x1 1,5; x2 1,5.
lh x11,4; x2 1,4.
 lh x11,7; x2 1,7.





507.

Z x1 beb x21,55.


7

[ x1 beb x21,7.


508.

y=x3.
x 2 1
y 8 1

Kljhbf

0
0

1
1

]jZnbd

nmgdpbb

2
8

Kljhbf ]jZnbd nmgdpbb


ijyfZy iZjZee_evgZy Hz
b ijhoh^ysZy q_j_a  
 GZoh^bf lhqdm i_j_k_q_gby
[  Kljhbf ]jZnbd nmgdpbb


y=2

y=x3.

Kljhbf ]jZnbd nmgdpbb


iZjZee_evgZy Hz b
ijhoh^ysZy q_j_a  
 GZoh^bf lhqdm i_j_k_q_gby
\  Kljhbf ]jZnbd nmgdpbb y=x3.
 Kljhbf ]jZnbd nmgdpbb y=5 ijyfZy iZjZee_evgZy Hz b
ijhoh^ysZy q_j_a   
 GZoh^bf lhqdm i_j_k_q_gby
Z  [  \ 1,7).


y=4ijyfZy

509.

Nmgdpby y=x6 \hajZklZ_l gZ )

x=1001>2, >10, >102=100, >103=1000y(1001) >26, >106, >1012=


=1006, >1018=10006.

510.

Nmgdpby y=x5 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_ ;+);


LZd dZd x=11<10, < lh y(11)<(3)5, <(10)5;
ijb x=105; y(x)=y(105)=(105)5=1025<1021.
511.
f(1)=13=1; f(0)=03=0; f(2)=23=8; f(3)=33=27;
I  I  =   = 

I  I  =   = 
I  I  =   = 
8

f(1)f(0)<f(2)f(1)<f(3)f(2).

512.

m=V ]^_ iehlghklv V h[t_f ?keb x ^ebgZ j_[jZ lh V=x3 ke_^h\Zl_evgh m=x3 LZd dZd ijb x  kf
m  ] lh  103;  ]kf3).
Ke_^h\Zl_evgh m=0,7x3.
Ihkljhbf ]jZnbd wlhc aZ\bkbfhklb
x
m

_keb m



lh x5,2.

0
0

1
0,7

2
3
4
5
5,6 18,9 44,8 87,5
Ih kfukem aZ^Zqb x0.
?keb x  lh m=5,6;
_keb x  lh m=87,5;
_keb m  lh x3,5;

513.

y=x3.

Kljhbf ]jZnbd nmgdpbb

x 2 1 0
y 8 1 0

1
1

2
8

x1,3

Kljhbf ]jZnbd nmgdpbb


ijyfZy
Lhqdb i_j_k_q_gby x1=0;


y=x+1
x
y

0
1

2
3

x21,4;
x31,4

[  Kljhbf ]jZnbd nmgdpbb y=x3.



Kljhbf ]jZnbd
nmgdpbb
y=2xijyfZy
Lhqdb x11,6; x20,6; x31,2 i_j_k_q_gby
x
y

0
0

2
4

\  Kljhbf ]jZnbd nmgdpbb y=x3.


 Kljhbf ]jZnbd nmgdpbb y=2x+1 ijyfZy
9

x
y

0
1

2
5

514.
cn=c1qn1; c9=c1q91=c1q8 c1=

c9
q

);

81

( 3)

81
= 1;
81

c1 q n 1

Sn =

q 1

S13 =

( 3)

1

=
3 1
13

=  + 

( 3)

13

1 3 + 1

=
2

 +

515.

1) y=x12x6 Dy=R nmgdpby kbff_ljbqgZ hlghkbl_evgh gmey


b y(x)=(x)12(x)6=x12x6=y(x) q_lgZy nmgdpby
2) y=x9x5 Dy=R kbff_ljbqgZ hlghkbl_evgh gmey b
y(x)=(x)9(x)5=(x)9(x)5=x9+x5=(x9x5) g_q_lgZy nmgdpby
3) y=x10x5; y(x)=(x)10(x)5=x10+x5 y(x) y(x) gb q_lgZy

gb g_q_lgZy nmgdpby
4) y =
y( x) =

pby

x
x + x2 +1
x
4

Dy=R kbff_ljbqgZ hlghkbl_evgh gmey b

( x) + ( x) + 1
4

x
x + x2 +1
4

=y(x)

g_q_lgZy nmgd-

516.

Z 1 y + y
1+ y

+ 6 y 6 + y 1 y
y ( y + 6)(1 + y )
=
+
=
:
y 1 1 + y 1 + y ( y 1)( y + 1)(6 + y )
2

y 2 + 2 y 1+ y + y 2 3y 1
1 y
y
=
= 2
+
.
1+ y y 1
y 2 1
y 1

10

49
1
2x + 7
=

2 x + 5 4 x 2 + 14 x 4 x 2 10

[ 4 x

[ + 
 [  [ 

 [   [   [
 [  [

 [   [ + 
 [ +   [  [ + 

+   [ + 



4 x 2 14 x 10 x + 35 4 x 2 10 x 14 x 35
=
2 x 4 x 2 25

[
 [  [



517.
144




[



agZqbl lhqdZ :

ijbgZ^e_`bl ]jZnbdm nmgdpbb

y= x .


pbb y=



agZqbl lhqdZ < g_ ijbgZ^e_`bl ]jZnbdm nmgd-

x.

100 Dy=[0;+), agZqbl

nmgdpbb y=

lhqdZ K

g_ ijbgZ^e_`bl ]jZnbdm

x.

518.
4

1
1
1
1
 b = 4 =
;
2
16
2
2
[  b 3=27;
\ LZd dZd  lh g_ y\ey_lky Zjbnf_lbq_kdbf dhjg_f
]  gh 50,0001.

519.

Z  b 2=361;
[  b 3=343;
\

1
1
1
1
 b = 6 =
;
2
2
64
2

5

2
25
32
2
 b = 5 =
;
3
3
343
3

^  b 10=1;
_  b 7=0;

11

`  3  b (2 3 ) = 2 2 4 3 + 3 = 7 4
a 5 2 b 5 2)2=54 5 +4=94 5 .
2

520.

Z 4 16 = 4 24 =2.
[ 5 32 = 5 25 = 2.
\ 12 1 =1.
] 3 1 = 3 1 = 3
8

1
1
= .
3
2
2

1 4 81 4 34 3
=
=
= .
16
16
24 2

_ 3 3 3 = 3
8

27 3 33 3
=
= .
8
23 2

` 3 0,027 = 3 0,027 = 3 (0,3)3


a 4 0,0625 = 4 (0,5)4 = 0,5.

= 0,3.

521.

Z 9 512 = 9 29 = 2.
[ 3 1331 = 3 113 = 11.
\ 8 0 =0.
] 7 128 = 7 128 = 7 27
^

16
2
2
=4 4 = .
625
5
5

_ 5 0,00001 = 5 (0,1)5
`

32

522.

= 0,1.

58 4 625 5 4 54 5
2
=
= =
= =1 .
81
81
3
3
34 3

a 5 7 19

12

= 2.

=5

243 5 35 3
=
= .
32
25 2

3;

Z 3 5 1,7;
[ 3 4 1,6;
\ 3 1 =1;
] 3 2 1,25.
523.

Z 4 2 1,2;
[ 4 5 1,5;
\ 4 8 1,7.
524.

ke_^h\Zl_evgh lhqdZ ? g_ ijbgZ^e_`bl ]jZnbdm


81 =3 ke_^h\Zl_evgh lhqdZ F g_ ijbgZ^e_`bl ]jZnbdm
16Dy=[0;+  ke_^h\Zl_evgh lhqdZ K g_ ijbgZ^e_`bl ]jZnb4

81



dm

0,0001



ke_^h\Zl_evgh lhqdZ L ijbgZ^e_`bl ]jZnbdm

525.
3
3
3
3

8 =2, agZqbl lhqdZ : ijbgZ^e_`bl ]jZnbdm

216 =6, agZqbl lhqdZ < ijbgZ^e_`bl ]jZnbdm

27 =3  agZqbl lhqdZ K g_ ijbgZ^e_`bl ]jZnbdm

125 = 3 125 = agZqbl lhqdZ D ijbgZ^e_`bl ]jZnbdm

526.

1 < 3 3,5 < 3 8 ; 1< 3 3,5 < 3 23 ; 1 < 3 3,5 < 2 ;

[ 3 8 < 3 20 < 3 27 ; 3 23 < 3 20 < 3 33 2 < 3 20 < 3 ;


\ 4 1 < 4 9 < 4 16 ; 1< 4 9 < 4 24 1 < 4 9 < 2 ;
] 4 16 < 4 52 < 4 81 ; 4 2 4 < 4 52 < 4 34 2 < 4 52 < 3 .
527.

Z 3 1 3 x 3 8 ; 1 3 x 3 23 1 3 x 2
[ 3 1 3 x 3 1 ; 1 3 x 1.
\ 3 27 3 x 3 0 ; 3 33 x 0 3 x 0 .
13

528.

Z 4 0 4 x 4 1 0 4 x 1.
[ 4 1 < 4 x < 4 81 1< 4 x < 4 34 1 < 4 x < 3 .
\ 4 256 4 x 4 625 4 44 4 x 4 54 4 4 x 5 .
529.

Z n=3 g_q_lgh_ \ujZ`_gb_ bf__l kfuke


[ n=7 g_q_lgh_ \ujZ`_gb_ bf__l kfuke
\ n=4 q_lgh_ \ujZ`_gb_ g_ bf__l kfukeZ
] n=5 g_q_lgh_ \ujZ`_gb_ bf__l kfuke
^ n=8 q_lgh_ \ujZ`_gb_ g_ bf__l kfukeZ
_ (7)2>0 \ujZ`_gb_ bf__l kfuke
530.

Z 5 32 = 5 32 = 5 25 = 2 .
[ 7 1 = 7 1 = 1 .
\ 2 4 81 = 24 34 = 23=6.
] 4 3 27 = 4 3 33 = 43=12.
^ 5 32 + 3 8 = 2 3 8 = 5 25 3 23 = 2 2 = 0 .
_ 4 625 3 125 = 4 54 + 3 53 = 5 + 5 = 10 .
` 6 3 0,125 = 12 63 0,53 = 1260,5=123=9.
a  4 0,0081 = 1 + 104 0,34 = 1+100,3=1+3=4.
531.

Z 3 31 = 3 31 .
[ 5 17 = 5 17 .
\ 11 2 = 11 2 .
] 17 6 = 17 6 .
532.

Z 3 125 = 3 125 = 3 53
[ 6 0 = 0 .
14

= 5 .

\ 5 4 16 = 54 2 4 = 52=10.
] 3 3 64 =3( 3 43 )=3(4)=12.
^ 3 3 3 +

2,25 = 3

27
33
+ 1,5 = 3 3 +
8
2

_ 34 16 43 27 = 34 24 43 33

(1,5)2

3
+ 1,5 =0.
2

= 3 2 4 3 = 6 12 = 6 .

533.

Z (

10

1
= 10 2 =10.

[ (

1
5 = 5 3 =5.

\ (

12

(2

=2
5

= 12 4 = 12.

( )

1
6

=2 2
5

2 4 ( 3) = 2 3 4 = 2 34

25 3 = 5 2

2 6 = 26
4

1
= 32 2 5 = 322=64.

= 2.

( )

( )
(4 ) =
6

64 2 =

3 2

1
4

= 23=6.

( )

= 5 6 = 56
6

46 =

( )

1
46 6

1
6

= 5.

= 4.

534.

( 7)
4

1
= 74 = 7 .

15

( 3 ) = ( 3 )
7

\ (2

1
= 3 7 = 3 .

( 3)

=2
4

1
= 16 3 4 = 163=48.

( 3 2 ) = ( 3) ( 2 )

1
= 27 2 3 =272=54.

1
7 = 7 5 = 7.


5

_ 53 ( 2 )3
` 10 32 2
a

6 27 2

( )

3
= 5 3 23 = 5 23 = 5 23

( )= 2
= (3 ) =

= 10 25
6

10 10

3 2

= 52=10.

( ) =2.
= (3 ) = 3 .

= 210

36

1
3

1
10

1
6 6

535.

Z JZ\_gkl\h \_jgh ijb Z0.


[ JZ\_gkl\h \_jgh ijb Z0.
\ JZ\_gkl\h \_jgh ijb ex[hf Z.
536.

( )

1
3

x = 3 27 = 3 33 = 33

x = 3 27 = 3 27 = 3 33 = 33

= 3.

( )

1
3

= 3 .

\ x = 4 16 = 4 24 = 2 .
] G_l j_r_gbc ld ijZ\Zy qZklv qbkeh hljbpZl_evgh_
^ x = 3 7 .
_ x = 3 7 = 3 7 .
` G_l j_r_gbc ld ijZ\Zy qZklv qbkeh hljbpZl_evgh_
a x = 6 11 .
16

eh

b x = 8 0 = 0 .
d x3=8; x = 3 8 = 3 8 = 3 23 = 2 .
e x = 8 1 = 1 .
f x8=1 g_l j_r_gbc ld ijZ\Zy qZklv hljbpZl_evgh_ qbk537.



x2 = 4

o4=1;

x4 =

1
;
16

x1 = 4

beb

1 4 1
1
=
=
16
24 2

1
1
1
= 4
= .
16
24
2

( )

1 5
x = 4 ; o5=32; x = 5 32 = 5 32 = 5 25 = 25
8

\ 0,01o3=10; o3=1000;
]



o6=1,28;

1
5

= 2 .

x = 3 1000 = 3 103 = 10 .

o6=64;

x1 = 6 64 = 6 26 = 2

beb

x2= 6 64 = 2 6 = 2 .
6

^ o9=2,4; o9=8;
_

x = 9 8 = 23 = 3 2 .
9

3 8
3
51 4
x = 12 ; x 8 =
= 17 ; x1 = 8 17
4
4
43

beb x2= 8 17 .

538.

Z x = 5 8 .
[ x = 7 5 = 7 5 .
\ o4=19; x1 = 4 19 beb x 2 = 4 19 .
] o10=6 g_l j_r_gbc ld ijZ\Zy qZklv hljbpZl_evgh_
qbkeh
^ o3=0,81; o3=27; x = 3 27 = 3 27 = 3 33 = 3 .

17

o4=625;

x4 =



x2 = 4

625
;
16

x1 = 4

625 4 5 4 5
=
=
16
24 2

beb

625
54
5
= 4 4 = .
16
2
2

539.

Z  =jZnbd nmgdpbb y=(x2)2 iZjZ[heZ m dhlhjhc \_l\b gZijZ\e_gu \\_jo


y

2)
1

2
4

GZc^_f dhhj^bgZlu \_jrbgu



E
=
=;
D
 
y\=2242+4=0 (+2; 0)

[ =

3)

1
2

\_jrbgZ iZjZ[heu
y

y=

+1

=jZnbd nmgdpbb
iZjZ[heZ m dhlhjhc \_l\b gZijZ\e_gu \gba
 GZc^_f dhhj^bgZlu \_jrbgu

E
iZjZ[heu
=
=;
[ =


 2


x +5

3
1
2

D

(0; 5) \_jrbgZ iZjZ[heu


3)

x
y

2
3

3
1
2

2
3

1
y = x2 + 5
2

y\=5;

0
5

\  =jZnbd nmgdpbb y=2x2+5x iZjZ[heZ m dhlhjhc \_l\b gZijZ\e_gu \\_jo


18

 GZc^_f dhhj^bgZlu \_jrbgu


iZjZ[heu

\ =

E


=
= =  ;
D
 





\G =  +  =



1
2 25 5 5
25
=

=
= 3 .
16
4
8
8
3)

x
y

0
0

1
5,5

1
5,5

2,5
0

_s_ ljb lhqdb kljhdb kbff_ljbqgh


lZ[ebqguf hlghkbl_evgh ijyfhc o=1,25.

540.

Z J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ o2+3o10=0;

D=3241(10)=49;
x1 =

3 + 49
=2
2

beb

3 49
= 5 o2+3o10=(o2)(o+5);
2
x
8
14

=
;
x 2 x + 5 ( x 2)( x + 5)
x (x + 5) 8(x 2 ) 14
= 0 ; (o2)(o+5)0;
(x 2 )(x + 5)
x2+5x8x+1614=0; x23x+2=0;
D=32421=98=1;
3 +1
3 1
x1 =
= 2 beb x 2 =
= 1  Gh o agZqbl o=1.
2
2

x2 =

[ J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ y2+11y21=0;


D=11242(21)=289;

11 + 289 3
11 289
= beb y 2 =
= 7 ;
4
4
2
3

2y2+11y21= 2 y (y+7)=(2y3)(y+7);

2
y1 =

19

y
1
17
+
+
= 0;
2 y 3 y + 7 (2 y 3)( y + 7 )
y ( y + 7 ) + (2 y 3) + 17
= 0 ; (2y3)(y+7)0;
(2 y 3)( y + 7 )
y2+7y+2y3+17=0; y2+9y+14=0;
D=92414=8156=25;
y1 =

9 + 25
= 2
2

beb

y2 =

9 25
= 7 
2

Gh

y

y=2.

541.
a 5

12a 61

a 5

a +5
a 5a + 25
(a 5)(a + 5) (12a 61)
=
=

2
(a + 5)(a 5a + 25)
(a + 5)(a 2 5a + 25)
1)

a 5a + 25
12a 61
2

a 2 25 12a + 61
a 2 12a + 36
=
=
(a + 5)(a 2 5a + 25 (a + 5)(a 2 5a + 25)

a 2 25 12a + 61
a 2 12a + 36
=
=
(a + 5)( a 2 5a + 25 ( a + 5)( a 2 5a + 25)

(a 6) .
(a 6) 2
= 3
2
(a + 5)(a 5a + 25) a + 53
2

2)
=
=

(a 6) 2

3a 18

(a + 5)(a 5a + 25) 2a 10a + 50


2

(a 6 )2
3(a 6)
=
:
(a + 5)(a 2 5a + 25) 2(a 2 5a + 25)
( a 6) 2 2( a 2 5a + 25)
( a + 5)( a 5a + 25) 3( a 6)
2

2( a 6) 2 a 12
=
.
3( a + 5) 3a + 15

542.

Z 3 8 27 = 3 8 3 27 = 3 23 3 33 = 23=6.
[ 4 16 0,0001 = 4 16 4 0,0001 = 4 24 4 0,14
20

= 20,1=0,2.

agZqbl

\ 4 625 16 = 4 625 4 16 = 4 54 4 2 4 = 52=10.


] 4 0,0016 81 = 4 0,0016 4 81 = 4 (0,2)4 4 34 = 0,23=0,6.
^ 5 243
_

64

` 3

1 5 243
=
=
32
32

1
64
=6
=
729
729
3

8
8
=3
=
125
125

a 5 7 19

=5

32

3
3

243

5
6
6

32
64
729

=
=

35

26

3
= 1,5 .
2

2
.
3

2
.
5

5 5
5
243
243
3
3
= 5
=
= .
5
5
32
2
32
2

543.

Z
3

( )

( )

3 3
3 3
3
56 2 9 = 3 56 29 = 3 (5 2 ) 3 3 (23 ) 3 = 5 2 23 =

= 52 23 = 25 8 = 200 .

78
=
34

(7 2 ) 4
4

34

\ 5 0,210 1010

1
2 5 5

56

= (0,2 )

= 5 0,210 1010 =
5

1
2 5 5

) (10 )

1
7 2 49
=
= 16 .
3
3
3

56
29

=
3

( ) ( )




= 0,2 2 10 2 = 0,04 100 = 4 .

(5 )
(2 )

2 3
3 3

52
2

25
1
=3 .
8
8

21

312
=
28

_ 5

55
10

13

3 4

( )

2 4

( )

(3 )
(2 )

33 4 4
3

= 3 = 27 = 6 3 .
=
1
4
4
22
22 4 4

55

1310

(13 )

5
13

544.

0,125
=
26

810000

216
3

( )

3
= 3 0,008 56 = 3 (0,2 ) 3 5 2

Z 3 0,008 56
[ 3

5
.
169

0,125
3

3
3

0,53

(2 )

2 3

(2 )
(3 )

4 4

2 4

24
3

=0,252=0,225=5.

0,5
= 0,125 .
4

1 4 810000 4 810000
=
= 4
=
16
16
16
216

4
4

30 4
2

30
= 15 .
2

16
7
=1 .
9
9

545.

Z 3 24 9 = 3 8 3 9 = 3 8 27 = 3 8 3 27 = 3 23 3 33 = 2 3 = 6 .
[ 5 48 162 = 5 6 2 8 81 = 5 2 3 23 2 34 = 5 35 25 =
5
= 35 25 =32=6.
5

125 4
= 625 = 4 54 = 5 .
0,2

16
=
0,0625

4
4

16

0,0625

4
4

24

0,5 4

2
=4.
0,5

546.

Z 3 75 45 = 3 5 5 3 3 3 5 = 3 33 53
22

3
3
= 33 53 = 3 5 = 15 .

[ 4 54 24 = 4 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 3 = 4 24 34

= 4 2 4 4 34 = 2 3 = 6

54
3
= 3 216 = 6 3 = 6 .
0,25

547.

Z 4 4 4 4 = 4 4 4 = 4 16 = 4 24 = 2 .
[   =   =      
\ 5 2 5 7 2 5 7 3 = 5 2 5 7 2 7 3 =  


= 3 53 3 33 = 5 3 = 15 .

=   =  .

] 6 510 6 212 5 2

( ) (2 )
6

= 6 52

2 6

= 510 212 5 2 =
6

512 212 = 6 512 6 212 =

= 5 2 2 2 = 25 4 = 100 .

^ 3 8

)(

37 3 8 + 37 = 3 8 37 8 + 37 = 3 8 2

( 37 )

= 3 64 37 = 3 27 = 3 33 = 3 .

_
3

17 + 3 3 17 3 = 3

( 17 + 3)( 17 3) =

17 9 = 3 8 =

= 3 23 = 2 .

548.

Z
[

54

96

=3

54 3
= 27 = 3 33 = 3 .
2

=5

3 5 1 5 1
1
=
=
= .
96
32
25 2

256
7

=7

2500
4

256 7
= 128 = 7 2 7 = 2 .
2

=4

2500 4
= 625 = 4 5 4 = 5 .
4
23

549.

20 5 = 20 5 = 100 = 10 2 = 10 .

[ 4 32 3 4 8 27 = 4 32 3 8 27 = 4 2 3 4 3 2 3 33

( )

= 4 28 34 = 4 2

\
]

8
2
4
4

3
48

=
=4

2 4

4 34 = 2 2 3 = 4 3 = 12 .

8
= 4 =2.
2
3 4 1 4 1
1
=
=
= .
48
16
24 2

550.

Z 25a 2 = 5 2 a 2 = 5 2 a 2 = 5 a = 5a .
[ 3 8b3 = 3 8 3 b3 = 3 23 3 b3 = 2b .
\ 4 81c 4 = 4 81 4 c 4 = 4 34 4 c 4 = 3c .
] 5 32 x10 = 5 32 5 x10 = 5 25 5 (x 2 )5 = 2 x 2 .
551.

Z 9 x = 3 x .
[ 12b = 4 3b = 2 3b .
\ 25b 3 = 52 b 3 = 5b b .
] 3 24c 6 = 3 2 3 3(c 2 )3 = 3 (2c 2 )3 3 = 2c 2 3 3 .

^ 3 250c10 = 3 2 53 c10 = 3 (5 c 3 )3 2c = 5c 3 3 2c .
_ 4 162b 6 = 4 34 2b 4 b 2 = 4 ( 3b) 4 2b 2 = 4 (3b) 4 4 2b 2
552.

Z   =   =  .
[ 53 3 = 3 53 3 = 3 375 .
\
24

25

1 5 25 5 32 5
=
=
= 4.
8
8
8

= 3b4 2b 2 .

] a 4 5 = 4 a 4 4 5 = 4 5a 4  lZd dZd Z>0


^ b6 2 = 6 b 6 6 2 = 6 2b 6  lZd dZd b<0
_ c10 3c 2 = 10 c 10 10 3c 2 = 10 3c 10 c 2 = 10 3c 12

553.

Z 4 16c = 4 2 4 c = 4 2 4 4 c = 24 c .
[ 3 27 y = 3 33 y = 3 33 3 y = 33 y .
\ 50 x 3 = 2 52 x 2 x = (5 x )2 2 x = (5x )2
] 4 5a 6 = 4 5a 4 a 2 = 4 a 4 4 5a 2 = a 4 5a 2 .

2 x = 5x 2 x .

554.

Z 2 3 = 4 3 = 12 .
[ 23 5 = 3 23 5 = 3 8 5 = 3 40 .
\ 34 1
9

34 4 81 4
=
= 9.
9
9

=4

a 3 2 = 3 2a 3 .

555.

2
=
25

[ 3

2
=
27

2
25
3
3

2
27

3 38
=
=
5
5

52
3

2
3

23

2
.
3

a9
=
6

1 4 16 4 16
=
= 4 =
3
3
3

a 4

2
3

a2
=
3

2
.
5

4
4

24
3

2
4

5
b

a2
3
4
4
3

3 3

7
b

12

(a )
3

=
4

5
.
b

a3
3

(b )

3 4

b3

556.

25

Z
[
\
]
^

3
5
2
3

3
4

49

34
3

23 3 2 3
= 2 = 4.
2

=3

34 4 3 4
= 3 = 27 .
3

73
49
4

216

=3

18
4

23

3
5.
5

5 5

7
3

3 5

73

=3

18 4

18 4 4
4
4
= 486 = 3 4 6 = 3 4 4 6 = 34 6 .
216

=4

216

=37 .

557.

\
]

12
9

15
3

6
7
4

558.

26

32

5 5

12 12

12 3 3
3

9 3
3

153 25
3

5 3 25

7 4 343
44 8
4

32 8
4

2 12 1
=
12 ;
12
6

12 3 3
3

6 4 343

1
5;
5

2 12

12
3

27

153 25
3

125

64 343
4

2401
44 8
4

256

12 3 3
3

=
=

33

153 25
3

53

64 343
4

2401

44 8
4

44

12 3 3
= 43 3 ;
3

153 25
= 33 25 ;
5

64 343 6 4
=
343 ;
7
7

44 8 4
= 8.
4

1
1 2
6 = 63 = 66 = 6 6 .


1

[ 3

1 3
1
2 = 22 = 2 = 6 2 .

6

1
1 4
3 = 3 3 = 312 = 12 3 .

4 3

]
^

x x =
3

_
`

x2 x =

m m2 =

3 3

p4 p 3 =

3 3

p4 4 p3 =

m3 m2 =

23

7 22 = 7 2 = 3 49 .

82

42 = 8 4 =

a6 =

33

a 32 = a 2 .

74 =

a 16 4 2
b

3
3 2
x3 = x 2 = x 4 = 4 x3 .

m5 = m5 .
9

p7 = 8 p7 .

42

22 = 4 2 .

559.
1

Z 3

1
1 3
3 = 32 = 36 = 6 3 .

[ 4 4 = 8 4 = 42 2 2 = 4 2 .
\ 3 a 3 a = 3 3 a 3 3 a = 3 3 a 4 = 9 a 4 .
] 4 m3 m = 4 3 m 3 3 m = 4 3 m 4 = 12 m 4 = 43 m 4 = 3 m .
^ 10 815 = 52 835 = 2 83 = 512 = 2 256 = 16 2 .
_ 4 43 4 = 4 3 4 3 3 4 = 4 3 4 4 = 43 4 4 = 3 4 .
27

560.

Z 4 1296 = 4 362 =
[ 4 4096 = 4 642 =
\ 4 6561 = 4 812 =

36 = 6 2 = 6 ;
64 = 82 = 8 ;
81 = 9 2 = 9 .

561.

Z LZd dZd  ke_^h\Zl_evgh 4 8 < 4 9 = 3 .


[ LZd dZd ! ke_^h\Zl_evgh 6 49 = 3 7 > 6 48 .
\
LZd
dZd
!
ke_^h\Zl_evgh
6

1,44 = 3 1,2 > 6 1,331 = 1,1 .

12

LZd

512 = 2 >
4

dZd

12

LZd

!

ke_^h\Zl_evgh

!

ke_^h\Zl_evgh

256 = 2 .
2

dZd

250 = 5 2 > 225 = 15 .


2

562.

Z LZd dZd  lh 3 36 = 3 6 < 6 125 = 5 3 6 5 < 0 .


[ LZd dZd  lh 12 125 = 4 5 < 12 256 = 3 4
4

53 4 <0.

\ LZd dZd

!

lh

20

256 = 5 4 > 20 243 = 4 3

4 3 >0.

] LZd dZd ! lh 30 243 = 6 3 > 30 64 = 5 2


563.

Z
=

) (
)(
2

94 5 9+4 5
94 5 + 9+4 5
+
=
9+4 5 94 5
9+4 5 94 5

gZevgh_ qbkeh

28

)(

35 2 > 0.

81 72 5 + 80 + 81 + 72 5 + 80
322
322
=
=
= 322
81 80
1
94 5 9+4 5

jZpbh-

[ 5 + 2



+ 

52 2

52 2

+  +  
 

564.

Z (3 + 2

(5 + 2 2 )(5 + 2 2 ) + (5 2 2 )(5 2 2 )

5+2 2

(5 2 2 )(5 + 2 2 )
+

) + (3 2 6 )
2




jZpbhgZevgh_ qbkeh

= 9 + 12 6 + 24 + 9 12 6 + 24 = 66 .
2

7 + 2 10 + 7 2 10 = 7 + 2 10 +

+ 2 (7 + 2 10 ) (7 2 10 ) + 7 2 10 =

=  +



+

 

+  

565.

=



=  + 

=  +  =  .

)(

Z 3 4 + 2

2 3 4 2 2 = 3 4 + 2 2 4 2 2 = 3 16 8 = 3 8 = 2

 + 

566.

Z 
2)

=

  

  

   

232 64 7 =



=
=.

a+b
ab
(b a )2
1
;
=
=
:
2
2
2
(a b )(a + b )(a + b ) (a + b )2
a b (b a )

ab

a b

ab
ab

=
a (a b ) (a + b )2

(a + b )
(a b )(a + b ) a(a b )2 = (D E)(( D + E) D(D E)) =
=
a (a b )(a + b )2
D(D E )(D + E )
(D + E) D(D E) = D  + DE + E  D  + DE = DE + E 
=
D(D + E )
D(D + E )
D(D + E )
2
b(3a + b ) (a + b )
3a + b
3)
.

=
2
2
ab
b
a (a + b )
a ab
2

[ 

E(D + E )

D(D + E )

1
3
3
1
3
+ 2
=

2y +1 8y +1 4y 2y +1 2y +1

29

( \ + )  \  \ + 
\

\

 \ +   + \ + 

\ +


\

 \ +   + ( \ + )
=
( \ + )  \  \ + 


\

+  \ +

( \ + )  \  \ +  ( \ + )  \  \ + 
2y +1
2y +1
(2 y + 1)2
.
=
=
=
(2 y + 1)(4 y 2 2 y + 1) 4 y 2 2 y + 1 (2 y 1)2
4 y 1 2 y (2 y + 1) (4 y 1)
2) 2 y
=
=


2 y +1

2 y +1

4 y + 2 y 4 y + 1 4 y 2 y + 1 (2 y 1)2
;
=
=
2 y +1
2y +1
2 y +1
2

(2 y + 1)(2 y 1)2 = 1 .
(2 y 1)2 (2 y + 1)

3)

567.
4

1
3 3
3
=
.
3
=
4
9
3
3

Z cn=c1qn-1; c5 = 3
=

[ c5 = (


=

)(

 



 

+

+

( 3) = 2
2 ( 6) = 2
6

3 3 = 6 3 .
3

2 4 3 4 = 26 2 81 = 26 162 .

568.

Z x4=36; x = 4 36 = 22 6 2 =  .
[ o5=1024; x = 5 1024 ; o= 5 45 = 4.
\ [ =  ; x = 3 2 ; [ =  .


569.

Z a4+1a3a0; a3 (a1)(a1)0; (a1)(a31)0;

(a1) (a1)(a2a+1)0; ( a 1) 2 a 1 + 3 0 .

2
4

30



c5 = 2 3

] c 5 =

) ( 3
+ )=

3+ 2

( )
2 ) = ( 3 + 2 )( 3 2 )( 3 2 )
4

[ Z3(Z2)8(Z2)0; (Z2)(Z38)0; (Z2)(Z2)(Z2+2Z+4)0;

(Z2)2((Z+1)2+30.

570.

Z 





3
4

y
1

54

53

1
4

125

=4

[  =  [ ;

5
4

=y

5
4

= 4 y 5 = 4

1
y5

1
;
125

a 1,2 = a 5 = 5 a 6 ;

0,2 0,5 = 0,2 2 = 0,2 ;

b 0 ,8 = b

4
5

= 5 b 4 = 5

7 0,25 = 7

1
4

1
4

7 1

1
b4
=4

;
1
.
7

=  D ;

5
2

3
2

2
3

3( a + b) 4 = 34 ( a + b) ;

= x y 5 = x

b 1,5 = b

= 3 ( x y) ;

x 3 y 3 = x2 3 y2 ;


= P  = P .

] ( x y ) 3

D[  = D [  ;
xy




\ (D) =  D ;
D 

1
;
y5

= b 3 =

4a

2
3

+ ax 3 = 4 a 2 + a x 2 .
3

1
.
b3

571.
1

Z 7 2

= 7;

3
12 4

= 12 3 ;
31

29 3 = 3 29 ;
37

1
4

= 37 4 = 4 37 1 =

1
4

37

[ 3,8 0,6 = 3,8 5


8,5

0 ,5

1

3

2
3

1
= 8,5 2

= 5 3,8 3 ;
1

= 8,5 1 =

1
=3
3

8,5

=3 9 .

\ 5a 3

(2b )4
3
4
c

= 53 a ;
1

= 2 4 b 4 = 4 2 4 b = 4 2b ;
= c3 .
4

xy 2 = x y ;
3

( x + y) 5
1

= 5 ( x + y) ;
3

x2 + y2 =

x+ y.

572.

1,3

[
\
32

1
2
= 1,3

2,5

( )

1
7 1 2

=7

= (2,5 )

1
2 3

1
2

2
2,5 3

_ 5

3

2

a 2
1

x3

3
=
2
1

=
a
1
3
x4

2
3

=x

2
5

2
a3

3
4

( )

333 = 333

1
4

b 5 4ab 2

= 33 4 .

= 4ab 2

2 2 4
= .
3 3

1
5

= 45 a 5b 5 .

a 2 b2 = a 2 b2

1
3

573.
1

Z
8

[
11

7 5 = 7

5
8



=  ;

36 = 3 5 ;

0,12 2 = 0,12 2

1
9

= 0,12 9 .

9
8

1
(5c 2 ) 11

5c 2 =

a4 = a 7 ;

5 = 52 ;

a9 = a 8 ;
=

12

1
2
5 11 c 11 ; 3

b 5 = b

5
12

;
1

a b = ( a b) 3 .

574.

1
49 2

= 49 = 7 2 = 7 .
1

[ 1000 3 = 3 1000 = 3 103


\

4 2

] 8

^ 9

1
3

1
2

_ 0,16

1
=
4

= 4 1 =
3
= 8 1 = 3

= 10 .

1
1
= .
22 2

1 3 1
1
=
= .
3
8
2
2

= 9 2 = 9 5 = 243 .
1

1
2

` 

= 0,16

3
2

4
= 0,16 3 =
25





= 



25
=
4


=




125
5
= 15 .
8
8

= 3 1254 = 3 57 = 5 4 = 625 .

33

4
4
4
3 3
81
1
33 3 3
27
3
=5 .
3 = 3 = 3 = 3 = =
2
16
16
8
8
8
2

575.

27 3 = 3 27 = 3 33 = 3 .

1
25 2

1
2

1
5

25

] 32

= 25 = 52 = 5 .
= 251 =

1
=
25

1
1
= .
2
5
5

= 5 32 1 = 5

1 5 1
1
=
= .
5
32
2
2

^ 0,16 2

= 0,16 3 = 0,064.


_ 

= 












= =
= .




` 0,001
a 0,008

2
3

1
3

= 3 0,0012 = 3 1000000 = 100.


=

4
0,008 3

= 3 0,008 4 = 3 (0,2) 3

577.
4

Z 5 3 = 3 54 bf__l
2
[ ( 16) 3 = 3 ( 16) 2 g_ bf__l
\ 23
3

] 0 4

2
3

34

233

bf__l

0 5

g_ bf__l

bf__l

= 0,2 4 = 0,0016.

_ ( 25) 2

g_ bf__l

578.

Z x0;
[ y10, y1;
\ Z+20, Z2;
] b>0;
^ k50, k5.
579.

Z LZd dZd x lh


4

0 < x 81 0 <
4

1 < x 16 1

\ LZd dZd

1
x < 1  lh
625

3
x4

1
4
x

2;

1
1
4 x < 4 1 x4 <1;
5
625
3

1
1
4 3
4 3
x 4 < 1.

x < 1
626
125

] LZd dZd
0,1 <

3;

8.

1
4
x

27.

13 x 3 16 3 1
4

3
4
x

0 3 < x 3 813 0 <

[ LZd dZd o lh


4

1
x4

< 10 ;

x

0,00013 <

3
x4

lh

0,0001 < 4 x < 4 10000

< 10000 3 0,001 <


4

3
x4

< 1000 .

580.

581.

Z LZd dZd  b nmgdpby

y=

1
x2

\hajZklZ_l lh

1
2
2

<

1
2
3

.
35

[ LZd dZd  b nmgdpby


3

\ 5 2
2

<

1
2
0,5

= 73 .

582.

( )

x 12 x 2
x3 x9

[ [

\hajZklZ_l lh 0,3 2

= 5 6 = 6 125 > 6 25 = 5 3 .

] 7 6

y=

1
x2

( )

[ [


1
x 12 x 8 x 4 x 6
= 6 = 4 = 2 = x2 .
x3 x 9
x
x
x

[ [


6 3

[ [

16

18

3 4

2 3

( ) = xx
(x ) x
(x )(x ) = x
(x )
xx

2 8

=[ .


15

x
1
= 3 = x 3 .
18
x
x

x 12
x8
=
= x 8 x 6 = x14 .
x6
x 6

20

583.

2 5 8 2 2 5 ( 2 3 ) 2 2 5 2 6
2
=
=
= 4 = 2 2 4 = 25 = 32.
4 1
1
4
16
(2 )
2
2

319 27 5 319 (33 ) 5 319 315 34


1 1
=
=
= 6 = 2 = .
3
2 3
6
9
9
(3 )
3
3
3

54 49 3 54 (7 2 ) 3 5 4 7 6
1
7
= 7 2 3 = 6 7 = 2 7 =
.
25
7 7 253
7 (5 )
5 7
5

8112 10 7
10 5 27 17

(3 4 )12 10 7
10 5 (3 3 )17

3 48 10 7
1 1
1
5 = 3 2 =
.
51
2700
3 10
3 10

584.

Imklv ^ebgZ h^gh]h dZl_lZ jZ\gZ x ^f lh]^Z ^ebgZ ^jm]h]h dZl_lZ jZ\gZ o ^f S= 1 o(o1)=10;
2

x(x-1)=20; o2o20=0; D=124(-20)=81; x =

36

1 + 81
= 5 beb
2

x=

1-9
=
2

g_ ih^oh^bl ih kfukem  ?keb o

^f 



lh o1=51=4

Ih l_hj_f_ IbnZ]hjZ 2+42 


l_gmaZ jZ\gZ 4 1  ^f 
Hl\_l ^ebgZ ]bihl_gmau  ^f




Ke_^h\Zl_evgh ]bih-

585.

Imklv ^ebgZ h^ghc ^bZ]hgZeb jhf[Z o kf lh]^Z ^ebgZ ^jm]hc


1
jZ\gZ o kf S= 2 x ( x + 2 ) = 1 2  o o  o2o  D=224
2 + 100
2

(-24)=100; x =

beb

x=

2 10
= 6 
2

g_ ih^oh^bl ih

kfukem  ?keb o  lh o   kf 


Iheh\bgZ i_j\hc ^bZ]hgZeb   kf  Iheh\bgZ \lhjhc ^bZ]hgZeb   kf 
Ih l_hj_f_ IbnZ]hjZ d\Z^jZl klhjhgu jhf[Z jZ\_g
2
2    Lh]^Z ^ebgZ klhjhgu jZ\gZ 1 3  kf 
Hl\_l ^ebgZ klhjhgu jZ\gZ  kf
586.

1 1
c2c3

1 1
b 3b 2

1 1
+
c2 3

1 1
+
b 3 2

a3a6

d 5d 2

x2 : x2

y6 : y3 = y6

` ]
a

=d
3




]


=a

1
2

=d

5+

1 3

4 +1
6
51
2

=]

P =P


+




= b6.

= a6.
11

=d 2.

1 3
2

=y



= c6

2 + 3
6

=b

5 1

3+ 2
6

=x

= x2

2 1
+
6

= a3

=c

= x 1.

5 2
6

=]

= y6 = y2.




=P



= P




37


E

 


= E  = E


D




= D  = D  


F

(p )


 

=F   =F 

2
3 9

=p

32
9

=p

2
3

587.
1 2
+
x2 5

Z x x =
=x =x .
[ y 0,6 y1,2 = y 0,6 +1,2 = y 0,6 .
\ a : a = a = a = a = a .
] b 0,2 : b 0,7 = b 0,2 + 0,7 = b 0,5 .
^ P = P = P 
_ (n 0,4 ) 2,5 = n 0,42,5 = n 1.
` k 3 k = k 3 = k 31 = k1 = k .
a d 1,7 : d 2 = d 1,7 + 2 = d 3,7 .
1
2

2
5

3
5




5+ 4
10

1
10

3
5




 
 

5
3

9
10

6 1
10

1
10

5
10

1
2




5
3

2
3

1
3

4
3

588.

Z x 0,2 x 1 x 0,6 = x 0,2 1+ 0,6 = x 0,2 .


[ a a a = a = a = a + + = a
\ y 0,8 y 5 y 7,2 = y 0,8 5 + 7,2 = y 3 .
] b b b = b + + = b = b = b
1
3

3
8

1
6

5
3

4 +1+10
6

5
24

1
3

3
8

15
6

5
24

1
3

1
6

9 +5+8
24

1
3

5
3

22
24

2 +1+10
6

11
12

=a

13
6

589.

Z (a 0,4 ) 2 a 0,8 = a 0,4 2 a 0,8 = a 0,2 a 0,8 = a 0,2 + 0,8 = a.


[ ( x ) x1,6 = x x1,6 = x x1,6 = x 0,6 x1,6 = x 0,6 +1,6 = x 2,2 .
63
9
10
9
3
1
\ a(a 1,2 ) 4 = a a 54 = a a 10 = a 10 a 10 = a 10 .
] D D = D D = D D = D + = D .
1

3
4



590.
38

34
45

4
5







3
5



 
 

 
 













Z c 2c 1,5c 0,3 = c 2 + (1,5) + 0,3 = c 0,8 .


[ x x x = x + + = x = x = x.
\ y1,7 y 2,8 y 1,5 = y1,7 + 2,8 1,5 = y 3 .
0, 5
] (a 0,8 ) a 0,6 = a 0,80,5 a 0,6 = a 0,4 a 0,6 = a 0,4 + 0,6 = a.
^ E E = E E = E E = E + = E = 
_ (m0,3 )1,2 (m 0,4 )0,4 = m0,36 m0,16 = m0,36 0,16 = m0,2 .
` x 4 x = x x = x = x = x.
5
5
5+ 2
7
2
a y 3 3 y 2 = y 3 y 3 = y 3 = y 3 .
b 4 k3 5 k = k k = c + = k = k .
1
2

3
14

2
7







3
14

1
2

2
7

14
14







 
 




3
4

7 +3+ 4
14

3
4

3 +1
4

1
4

3
4










4
4

3
4

1
5

15 + 4
20

1
5

19
20

591.

Z 10

2
5

10 100,1 = 10 0, 4 10 0,5 100,1 = 10 0, 4 0,5 + 0,1 = 10 0 = 1.


1
2

12

43 2

\  



] 8

16 3

1
3

( ) 2 (2 ) = 2 2 2 = 2
= ( ) =

=
=
4 = (2 ) (2 ) (2 ) = 2 2 2 = 2
1
3

8 9 = 22

1
3

1
3 9

5
3



1
3



 

1
3



1
3



 

2+ 51
3

5
3

2
3

4
3

+
2
3

= 2 2 = 4.

= 

3+ 4 + 2
3

= 2.

592.

Z 21,3 20,7 21,4 = 21,3 0,7 +1,4 = 2 2 = 4.


[ 7 7 7 = 7 = 7 2 = 12 = 1
4
3

1
12

16 +1 9
12

3
4

49

\ 4 0,7 2 0,4 = 21,4 2 0,4 = 21,4 0,4 = 2.


0, 3
] 250,3 51,4 = (52 ) 51,4 = 50,6 51,4 = 50,6 +1,4 = 52 = 25.
^

2 64

13

( )

= 2 26

_ 4 9 3 1,5 = 9

1
4

13

= 2 2 2 = 21 2 = 2 1 =

( )

3 1,5 = 3 2

1
4

1
.
2

3 1,5 = 3 0,5 3 1,5 =

1
= 3 0,51,5 = 3 1 = .
3
593.

Z (27 64)

1
3

= 27 64 = 3 27 3 64 = 3 33 3 43 = 3 4 = 12.
1
3

1
3

39

[ (27 64)

= 27 64 =

1
3

1
3

1
3

27

\
1
2

1
2

1
0,04 = 0,04 =
36

36

] 1

811
16

=   = 

12

24 3 2 2

_ 3 4

11
=

16 81

3
2

(3 4 )

3
2

( 9)

12

14

64

1
3

1 1 1
= .
3 4 12

1
1
1 1 1
2 = = .
6 5 30
62
5

( 9)

1
4

= (3 64 ) 2 =

1
3

= (16 81) = 4 16 4 81 = 4 2 4 4 34 =

(3 4 ) 3

1
1

=
36
25

1
2

8
= 3 24

3
2

14

( 64 )

(4 )
(9 )
1
3

1
3

1
2

1
6

64

1
6

1
.
2

4
9

2
.
3

594.

Z (27 8)
[
1 1

125 64

1
3

13

1
3

1
3

= 27 8 = 3 27 3 8 = 3 33 3 23 = 3 2 = 6.

1
=

125
1
2

13

1

64

13

= 3 125 3 64 = 3 53 3 43 = 5 4 = 20.

1
2

49
49
72
7
49
=
=
= .
=

2
144
12
144

144
12

363
36
36

1252 = 125 = 3 125 =

595.

1
2

1
6

1
3

(m )

x 34

40

1
2

1
3

=m
23

33

2
3

6
.
5

= x 4 3 = x 2 = x .

(8a ) = (8a ) = 8
1 12

1
.
m

= m 1 =
3 2

62

32

2
3

2
3

3223

= 3 64 a 1 = 4 3 a 1 =
3

4
.
a

] [
=






=   [





 [

 







[
 [
1 3
1
3
( m ) = ( ) m = 27 m = 3 27 m = 3 33 m = 3m.
27
27


1
3

1
3

1
3

1
3

596.

a b (a b ) 4 = a b a b = b
5
3

[ (c

1
6

1
3

5
3

1
3

y 0, 4 c y 0, 2 = c
1
.
= y 1 c 1 =
yc
3
7

2
7




\ D  [  D

= D   [





597.

4
3



= D 


+ 



 + 



( )

 



3
2

x 1 = x

1
2

x=x

1
3

T 

5
2



= x

3
2

5
2




1
2

12 2

1
6



( )=






1
3

1
6

0, 5 2

2
1
6

1
6

23
2

( ) = (x ) ;

= x

23
2

11,5 2

[

( ) ; x = x = (x ) ; x
= (x ) ; x = x = (x ) ; x
= x = (x )

x 3 = x

 

= S T   = S T = T

7 2

97 + 72

1
3

= S T  S


7
6

= b a

= D[ = D

43

5
3

( )
( )
=x
= (x ) ; x = x = (x ) ;
= ([ ) [ = ([ ) [ = [

72

+ 43

2
7

x 6 = x 32 = x 3 ; x 40 = x 20 2 = x 20 ; x 23 = x
x 14

1
6

y 1, 2 c y 0, 2 = y 1, 2+0, 2 c



 
= D  [  D





= S S T  T 

4
3




 
S T  S  T 

97

1
6

1
4

= [

=x

0 ,9

1
8



( );

= x

1
8

= x 0, 45 2 = x 0, 45 ;

41

598.
y =y
6

( );y

2 3

= y

;y
y

92

1
3

=y

=y

7 3

( );y

= y

1
3
2

1
2

1
3
y 9

21

7 3

7
3
y3

19 3

2
3
27

1
6

0, 2

272 3

1,5

1
5

1
3
15

1
2

1
3
6

32

7
3

1
3
2

1
15

1
6

( );
= (y )

= y

( ) ; y = y = (y ) ; y = y = y
= (y ) ; y = y = y
= (y ) ;
= (y ) ; y = y = y = (y ) .

y = y3 = y
13

2 3

599.

Z a = a 2 = (a ) ;
3
[ a = a 3 = (a ) ;
7
\ a = a 7 = (a ) .
1

1
3

1
3

1
7

1
7

600.

Z 3
[ 3

3
2

=3

1
2

5
2

=3

1
2

\ 




] 3 2
5

1
2

( ) 1,73 ;
= (3 ) 1,73 ;

= 3

1
2

1
2



;
= 
 

1
1
1
= 5 =

.
5
5
1
1
.
73
2

3
32

601.

Z 4312 = (4,31 100) 2 = 4,312 100 2 = 10 ;


[ 43100 = (4,3110000) = 4,31 10000 = 100 ;
1
1
1
1
\ 0,04312 = (4,31 0,01) 2 = 4,312 0,012 = 0,1 ;
1
1
1
1
] 0,0004312 = (4,31 0,0001) 2 = 4,312 0,00012 = 0,01 .
1

1
2

1
2

1
2

602.

Z V = a 3  ke_^h\Zl_evgh
42

a =V 3 ;

1
2

12 3

1
V = a , S = a = V 3

P = 6 S = 6 V 3 .

=V 3 ;

603.


\ = [   \  = [    [ = \  

\=[

\=[

]
^
_






\ = [

\=

\



\ = [
[









\




= [

\

= [
=[

=[





\=[

 \

=\

 [




\





[



\





=\

= [



  \



= [












[

= [



=\

[



[






=  \



604.

Z 10 x 15 x = x + = x = x .
[ 8 a 3 12 a = a a = a + = a = a .
\ 7 y 2 3 y 1 = y y = y = y = y
1
10

2 +3
30

1
15

3
8

3
8

1
12

2
7

^ 10 y3

1
6

1
3

9+2
24

1
12

2
7

6 7
21

1
3

E = E E   = E  E  = E


2
3

1
10

y 2 = ( yy ) = y

_ 5 x 2 4 x 3

1
10

+ 151

= (x2 x ) = x
3
4

1
5

2
5

11
24

=y
203

 +


3+ 2
30

1
21

= E
1
6

=y .

=x

8 3
20

=x .
1
4

605.

(a a ) = (a ) = a = a
=
Z
a a
(a a ) (a ) a
(a a ) = a a = a = a
a a
=
a a
(a a ) a a a a
a2 a

1
2

1
2

2
3

1
2

1
4

1
3

1
5

5
2

1
3

3
2

1
5

1
2

1
3

1
2

12

1
2

1
4

1
6

1
4

+ 16

3+ 2
12

1
3

1
12

1
3

+ 16

2 +1
6

= a 0 = 1;

a
a

1
2
1
2

=a

1
2

12

= a 0 = 1.

606.
43

1
1
x 3 = 4; x 3 = 4 3 ; x = 64.

4
3 3
y = 2; y 4 = 2 3 ; y = 3 2 4 = 3 2 3 2 = 23 2 .

y 0,5 = 6; y

x 0,3 x1,3 = 1; x 0,3 +1,3 = 1; x1 = 1; x = 1.

x 8 x 8 = 25; x

3
4

1
= 3; x 4

( )

1
2

13

= 3 4 ; x =

1
1
= .
34 81

= 62 ; y =

1
.
36

3+13
8

= 25; x 2 = 25; x = 5.

608.

Z 10 x 2 + 4 x 7,5 x 3 10 x 2 35x 4 < 0;38,5 x < 7; x > 2 .


11

[ 9 24 x + 16 x
94 x > 7; x <

16 x + 2 x 72 x + 9 11 > 0;
2

7
.
94

609.

H[hagZqbf \j_fy aZiheg_gby [Zkk_cgZ \lhjhc ljm[hc aZ o q lh]^Z \j_fy i_j\hc aZ  o q 1 qZklv [Zkk_cgZ aZihegy_lky \lhx

jhc ljm[hc aZ q


aZ q

[Zkk_cgZ

1
1,5 x

1
1,5 x

qZklv [Zkk_cgZ aZihegy_lky i_j\hc ljm[hc

qZklv [Zkk_cgZ aZihegbeZ i_j\Zy ljm[Z

Hl\_l  q b  q
44

1
qZklv
x

aZihegbeZ \lhjZy ljm[Z IhemqZ_f mjZ\g_gb_

1
1
4 4
8
6
+ 4 = 1; + = 1; = 1; x = 8.
1,5 x
x
x x
x
o=8; 1,5o=12.
610.

Imklv \j_fy aZ dhlhjh_ \lhjZy [jb]Z^Z \uihegbl \kx jZ[hlm

o ^g_c Lh]^Z \j_fy i_j\hc o ^g_c I_j\Zy [jb]Z^Z aZ h^bg

^_gv \uihegy_l

qZklv jZ[hlu Z \lhjZy [jb]Z^Z

1
x + 12

jZ[hlu IhemqZ_f mjZ\g_gb_

1
x

qZklv

14
5
+ = 1;
x + 12 x

14x+5x+60-x2-12x=0
x27x60=0
D=724(60)=49+240=289
7 17
7 + 17
= 5 < 0
x1 =
= 12 beb x2 =
2
2

g_ ih^oh^bl ih

kfukem aZ^Zqb
x+12=24.

Hl\_l  ^gy b  ^g_c


611.

2
3

x x
x

y y

a b

]
^

(y )
1
2

3
5

1
4

2
5

23 4
1
6

c c
a

1
2

12

(x

3
5

1
2

b2

b
x

13

25

y
y 0 ,5

12

1
2

3
3

35

=y

87

=x

1
14

15 9
15

( 73 )

6
15

3
5

=x =x .

=y

1+16
14

15
14

=y .

1
4

=c

8
3

23

= ab 1 =

1
2

8
3
4
6

75

1
3

1
14

1
5

x y
5
3

=x

3
5

=b a .

b5

3
3

14

1+ 3
6

+ 12

87

23 ( 4 )

3
5

=a2

1, 4

1
3

3
7

23 + 53

=b

(c )
a

12

4
7

3
5

3
7

a b

5
3

=x

5
2

1
3

( 53 )

= c2.
a
.
b
y

1
2

52

= x2 y 2 =

x2
.
y2

612.

1
3

a a1,5
a

16

1
3

a a
a

16

3
2

1
3

3
2

1
6

=a a a =a

1
3

+ 32 + 16

=a

2 + 9 +1
6

12
6

= a = a 2.

45

x1,5 y 0,5
x
= y 0,5 1,5 x1,5 0,5 = y 1 x = .
0,5 1,5
y
x y

  

E 

d 2, 6 5 c 3

(c

0, 2

613.

8
3

1
2

2 5

 +  +


3
5

1
2

3 2

1,6

d 2, 6 c
= d 2, 6 0, 6 c
0, 4 0, 6
c d

5
3

25

1
3

0, 3 2

16

2
1
3

= EEE = E



(2 ) 3
=

5
3

EE

2
3

=2

1
2

12

3
2

(2 ) (5 )
=
1
3

1
3

2 5

2
3

1
5

=2

85

4
3

53

13

3
5

+ 52

= d 2 c.

= 21 31 =
5

2
5

+ 85



= E  = E 

2
.
3

= 21 52 = 2 25 = 50.

614.

Z [










\  [  \  = [  [  \  \  [  \  =







= [\ \[  = [ \ \ [ 

[ a
\ (x

)
+ 3)(x 3) = x x

2
3

2
3

1
3

1
3

1
3

2
3

2
3

2
3

1
3

2
3

1
3

2
3

2
3

2
3

b a + b = a b a + a b b = ab + a b.

1
3

2
3

2
3

1
3

+ 3 x 3x 9 = [ +  [


 [ 


(m

] (m
^ (a
_
1
2

+n

)(

) ( ) +m m
b )(a + b ) = (a ) + a b
1 m +1 = m

1
2

3
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

3
2

1
2

1
2

3
2

1
2

3
2

1
2

12 = m 1.

1
2

b a b

) = (m ) + 2m n + (n ) = m
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

( ) =a

3
2

1
2

+ 2m n + n
1
2

1
2

1
2

b.

= m + 2 m n + n.

` D

a [

46














+ E  D D  E  + E = D  + E  = D  + E  








\  [ + [  \  + \ = [  \  = [  \  

615.

Z b c (b
[ [ \
1
3

1
4

2
3

)= b c b

3
4

+c

2
3

1
4

1
3

1
3

3
4

1
4

1
4

1
3

+ b c c = bc + b c.

([ \ ) = [ \ [ [ \
\ ( \ )( + \ ) = (\ ) = \
] ( S + T )( S T ) = ( S ) (T )








(a

1
2



1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

a + 4a b + 4b.
1
2

\ =\




[ \


= 32 p 0,52 q 1 2 =

b + b = 1 2 b + b.
2
2

) = (a ) + 4a b + (2b ) = a

1
2



1
.
q2

1
2



(1 b ) = 1 2b + (b ) = 1 2

+ 2b









= 9 p q2 = 9 p

^
_









+ 4a b + 4b =

2
2

1
2

1
2

2
2

1
2

(x

a D

)(x

+y











E  D + D  E  + E = D  E  = D  E  

1
3

2
3

x y +y

)= (x ) + (y ) = x + y .

1
3

1
3

1
3

2
3

1
3

1
3

616.

Z (1 + c ) 2c
[ b + c (b
2

1
2

( ) 2c = 1 + c = 1 + c .
b + c (b ) 2b c (c ) =

1
2

= 1 + 2c + c

1
4

+c

1
2

1
4

)=
2

1
2

1
2

2
2

1
4

1
4

1
4

1
4

= b + c 2b c c b = 24 bc .
1
2

1
2

\ D




1
4

1
4

1
2

1
2









+ E  D  E  = D  +  D E  + E  D  +

+ 2a b b = 4a b = 43 ab .
1
3

] [

1
3




(y


2
3

1
3

1
3








[  +  [  = [   [  [  + [  +  [  =

= x 2x
1
2

2
3

3+ 4
12

+ 3y

= \  + \

1
5

7
6

+ x + 2x = x 2x + x + 2x = x + x = x .
2
3

7
12

) 6y
2

 + 


13
15

1
2

7
12

2
3

7
12

1
2

2
3

13
15

= y + 6y y + 9y 6y =
4
3

2
3



1
5

2
5





+  \   \  = \  +  \  +  \   \  = \  +  \  .

47

_ [





+  [   [  +  = [   [  +  =




)(

1
2

) ( ) 1

1
2

= x 1 x +1 = x
617.

Z (x

=x

1
2

1
2

+y

1
2

1
2

1
2

) + 2 x y = (x ) 2 x y + (y ) + 2 x y
2

1
2

1
2

= x+ y.

1
2

1
2

m + n m n
1
2

2
2

= x 12 = x 1 .

1
4

1
4

1
2

) =m
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

( ) + 2m n (n ) =

+n m

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
4

1
2

1
4

1
4

1
4

1
4

1
4

= m + n m + 24 mn n = 24 mn = 2m n .

\ D









+ D  D = D  + D  D  +  D  D =

= D + D + D D = D + D .




] D









+ E  D  + E  D  E  =

) ( ) (b ) = (a + b )(a b )= .
= (a + b )(a b ) = (a ) (b ) = a b = a b .
618.
Z x 2 x = x (x 2) = x (x 2).
[ y + 3 y = y (y + 3 y ) = y (y + 3).
\ a 5a = a (a 5a ) = a (a 5) .
] a + a = a (a + a ) = a (a + 1).
^ b 2b = b (b 2b ) = b (b 2) .
_ c + 6c = c (c + 6c ) = c (c + 6) .
(

= a + b a

1
4

1
4

1
4

1
4

1
4

1
2

3
4

5
3

1
4

1
2

1
6

1
4

1
3

1
4

2
3

1
4

5
3

2
3

1
3

14

1
6

1
4

23

2
3

1
8

1
2

1
3

14

2
3

1
4

16

14

1
2

13
1
4

1
8

1
4

1
2

1
2

16
3
4

1
4

1 13

1
3

1
6

1 12

1
4

1
3

1
4

1
2

1
3

1
8

1
4

1
2

1
8

1
6

1
4

1
6

14

1
4

23

1
2

2
3

` (ab )3 (ac )3 = a 3 b 3 a 3 c 3 = a 3 b 3 c 3 .
1

6 2 = (3 2 ) 2 = 3 2 2 = 2 3 2
1
2

1
2

48

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

12

1
2

12

)= 2 (3 1).
1
2

1
2

619.

Z 2 + 2 = 2 (21 + 2 ) = 2 (2 + 1).
[ 3 3 = 3 (31 3 ) = 3 (3 1).
\ a + a = a (a1 + a ) = a (a + 1).
] b b = b (b b1 ) = b (1 b ) .
1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
3

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
3

1
3

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
3

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
3

1
2

1
3

2
3

^ 15 3 + 20 3 = (5 3)3 + (5 4)3 = 5 3 3 3 + 5 3 4 3 = 5 3 3 3 + 4 3 .
1

_ (2a ) (5a )
1
2

1
2

= 2 a 5 a = a 2 5 .

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

620.

Z D E = D
[ D E = D




E 

E  = D  E  D  + D  E  + E  .




= D  E 

+E .

D 


621.

Z m 2 5 = m 2 5 2 = m 2 (5 ) = (m + 5 )(m 5 ).
2
[ 2 x 2 = 2 2 x 2 = (2 ) x 2 = (2 + x )(2 x ) .
2
\ a 3 4 = (a ) 22 = (a + 2)(a 2) .
2
2
] x y = (x ) (y ) = (x + y )(x y ).
2
^ 4 a = 22 (a ) = (2 + a )(2 a ).
2
2
_ m n = (m 2 n 2 ) = (m ) (n ) = (m + n )(m n
1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

3
2

2
5

1
2

1
2

3
2

4
5

1
5

1
5

1
2

2
5

1
2

1
2

1
2

3
2

2
5

1
2

1
2

1
5

2
5

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

).

622.

Z x 3 2 = x 3 2 3 = x 3 (2 ) = (x 2 )(x 2 + 2 x + 2 ).
3
[ y 3 + 3 = y 3 + 3 3 = y 3 + (3 ) = (y + 3 )(y 2 3 y + 3 ).
3
\ m 8 = m 3 23 = (m ) 23 = (m 2)(m + 2m + 4).
3
] a + 27 = a 3 + 33 = (a ) + 33 = (a + 3)(a 3a + 9) .
3
3
^ x 5 = x 3 5 3 = (x ) (5 ) = (x 5 )(x + 5 x + 5 ) .
3
3
_ 4 + y = 4 3 + y 3 = (4 ) + (y ) = (4 + y )(4 4 y + y ).
3
2

1
3

1
3

1
3

1
3

1
2

6
5

1
3

1
3

1
3

1
3

1
3

2
3

1
3

2
3

1
2

2
5

1
3

1
3

1
3

1
2

2
5

1
3

1
2

2
5

1
3

4
5

1
3

1
3

1
3

1
3

2
5

2
3

1
3

1
3

2
3

1
3

1
3

2
3

1
3

2
3

49

623.

[ b
\

3
2

1 = b

x4= x

( ) 1 = (a 1)(a + 1).
1 = (b ) 1 = (b 1)(b + b + 1).
2 = (x ) 2 = (x 2)(x + 2) .
y = (5 ) (y ) = (5 y )(5 + y ).

2
3

1
2

4
3

a 1 = a

1
2

2
3

1 = a

1
2

] 5 y = 5 2
1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

2
3

1
2

1
2

2
3

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

624.

1
2

1
2

x +y =x

[
1
3

1
3

c +d =c

+y

+d

1
6

1
9

= ( x ) 3 + ( y ) 3 = ( x + y )( x x y + y ) .

= (c )3 + (d ) 3 = (c + d )(c c d + d ) .

1
6

1
9

1
6

1
6

1
9

1
6

1
9

1
9

\ a 1 + b 1 = a 3 + b 3 = (a
1
3

= D
625.



+E

Z x
[
1
4

1
2





1
2

1
4

1
12

1
3

1
12

1
9

1
3

1
6





+E

1
9

= x

43

1
2

= x
1
9

1
4

43

(
2 2 (2
=

3 3
1
2

1
2

3 3
1
4

1
12

1
6

1
12

1
12

1
9

1
2

12
1
4

1
2

1 12

14

1 14

x+ x
x x +x
=
2x
2x

x x

50

1
4

1
2

1
2

3
4

1
2

1
4

52
1

1
4

1
4

1
2

1
4

x ( x 1)
x

3
4

52

1
9

1
3

1
9

2
9

1
6

1
9

1
12

1
9

626.

2
9

1
6

1
3

1
6

1
6

) 3 + (b ) 3

1
3

( ) (y ) = (x

1
3

1
6

)(x

1
3

1
6

1
6

1
3

+x y +y .

( ) (y ) = (x y )(x + x y + y ).
b = (a ) (b ) = (a b )(a + a b + b ) .

a b = a

1
3

D E

1
6

y =x

x y =x

1
6

1
2

12

4
1 3

) = 1 2
)= x

1
2

x 1
x

3
4

14

3
4

+1

2x

1
4

1
2

1
2

.
1
4

x 1
x

1
2

1
6

1
9

1
12

2
9

1
12

1
9

1
6

1
9

2
9

^
_

1
3

1
3

1
2

1
2

a +b

(a 3 ) 2 (b 3 ) 2

1
3

1
3

1
2

1
2

a +b

x y
1
2

x +y
2
3

1
2

1
3

1
2

x +y

1
3

2
3










+\

1
2

10

1
2

1
2

2
3

= a3 b3 .

1
3

1
2

1
2

x +y

1
3

2
3

2
3

1
3

= x2 y2 .

1
3

2
3

1
3







[ \ +\

10 10

1
2

x +y

1
2

=3

12

+ 12

1
2

1
2

10 (10 1)
1




1
3

1
2

x +y

1
2




1
3

(3 + 1) = 3
1
2

1 12

1
2

10 1

+ 3.

1,5

10

[ + \

( x 2 )2 ( y 2 )2

1
2

1
2

10

x y
1
2

1
2

( ) ( )

3 (3 + 1)

10

1
2

1
2

10 1
1

1
2

1
2

.
1

( x 2 y 2 )( x 2 + y 2 )
x +y

= x2 y2 .

1
b2 5
b2 5
b2 5
.
= 1
= 1
= 1
1
b 25 (b 2 ) 2 52 (b 2 5)(b 2 + 5) b 2 + 5
1
2

( ) + 2c d + (d )

1
2

c + 2c d + d
c
=
cd


F 
F

1
3

[ [ \ + \

3+3




( x 2 y 2 )( x 2 + y 2 )

1
3

1
3

a +b

( x 2 )2 ( y 2 )2

627.

x x y +y
x x y +y
x x y +y
=
=
=
3
3
3
2
x+ y
x +y
x + y

(a 3 b 3 )(a 3 + b 3 )

1
a b
a b
a2 b2
.
= 1
= 1
= 1
1
1
1
1
1
ab
(a 2 ) 2 (b 2 ) 2 (a 2 b 2 )(a 2 + b 2 ) a 2 + b 2

a3 b3

+G






1
2

+G

1
2




1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

c +d

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

c d

1
2

1
2

(c + d ) 2
1
2

1
2

(c ) 2 ( d ) 2

51

m+n
2
3

1
3

1
3

m m n +n


2
3

1
3




1
3







P P Q +Q
5
6

1
3

5
6

1
3

x +x
x x

Ijb o

(
x (x
1
3

5
6

12

1
3

5
6

13

x x

x2 +1



1
2

x 1

1
3




+x

1
3

13

1
3

13

1,44 + 1

1,44 1

1
3

m + 1,5

m + 1,5

1
3

1
3

1
3

m m n +n

2
3

1
2

+1

1
2

1,2 + 1 2,2
=
= 11.
1,2 1 0,2
1

1
3

m + 1,5

= m 3 1,5.

m 1,5 = 3 8 1,5 = 2 3 1,5 = 2 1,5 = 0,5.

[





[ 

[ 







[ 


[ 


2
3

1
3

(m 3 1,5)(m 3 + 1,5)

1
3

1
3

[ 

 [  + 

[

2
3

(m ) + (n )

( m 3 ) 2 1,5 2

= P +Q .

)= x
) x

m 3 2,25

Ijb m=8
\

2
3

m m n +n

1
3

(m ) 3 + (n )3

+ Q  P  P  Q  + Q 

P 

628.

[ 

[ 


[

=


[  + 


 [  + 

[ 
[







 [ + 

Ijb o

x +2





[ +
1
9 +2


1
1
= .
3+ 2 5


  \  + 

=



\  
\  +  \  
12
=
=
.
y
9
y 9


\ +
12

 \ 

\ 

 \  


\

1
2

Ijb m
52



12
y 9

12
100 9

12
= 12.
10 9

629.

[
=
=

D E
DE
D E
DE

= 

= 






DE
D E
D  E  D  E 
D E

DE

3
2

3
2

1
2

1
2

a b
1
2

1
2

(a b )(a + b )
3
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

3
2

1
2

3
2

3
2

3
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

a +b

ab

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

)=

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

a +b

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

a b

(a b )(a + b )

+ 2a b =

1
2

a+a b +b

1
2

1
2

3
2

a b (a b )

(a b )(a + b )
a b

3
2

(a b )(a + b )

a a b + ab b a + b
1
2

1
2

(a b)(a + b ) a + b

3
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

a +b

b
1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

a+a b +b

(a )3 (b )3 (a ) 2 (b ) 2
+ 2a b =

a +b
a+a b +b
1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

(a b )(a + a b + b)(a b )(a + b )


1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

(a + b )(a + a b + b)
1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

= ( a b ) + 2a b = a
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

2a b + b

1
2

+ 2a b =
1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

+ 2a b = a

1
2

+b

1
2

= a + b.

630.

Z
=

[
+
=

[


[ + \
x

1
2

+ 12

1
2

\


1
2

1
2

1
2

x y +x y +y
1
2

1
2

(x ) ( y )



D +E


D

1
2

1
2

a (a b )
1
2

D E
=

1
2

1
2

+ 12

D

1
2

1
2

a (a b )

1
2

1
2




T
S

+








S
S
T
T ST 

a (a b )
1
2

1
2

D


D E

0
a (a b )
1
2

1
2

a ba +b
1
2

D +E

1
2

\

[ 

DDE
1
2

1
2

x+ y
.
x y

E
1
2

+ \

a (a b )

1
2

1
2

(a + b )(a b ) a a + b

(a ) 2 (b ) 2 a + b
1
2

[ 

D

b
1
2

[ \

[  [  \  + \  [  + \ 

1
2

1
2

= 0.




ST  + S  T


ST

53

1)

1
2

p p q


2)

1
2

1
2

1
2

S T







1
2

q p q


T T  S S



1
2




q
1
2

p (p

1
2

1 12

1
2

q )

T S



S T




S

1
2

1
2

q (q

1 12

1
2
1
2

p )

T

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

pq + p q (q p) p q ( p + q )
=
=
pq
p q (p q )
p q ( p q )( p q )

q p

1
2

1
2

1
2

S + T 
S T 

1
2

1
2

T  + S

1
2

1
2

1
2

T  S

631.

21 4 x + 2(7 x 0,5) < 0,

4( x + 0,5) 2 x 1 > 0,

2(0,5 x 3) 3(2 x + 3) 0,

(4 x + 7) + 0,5(4 x 6) 0,

21 4 x + 14 x 1 < 0,

4 x 2 2 x 1 > 0,

x 6 6 x 9 0,

4 x 7 + 2 x 3 0,

10 x + 20 < 0,

6 x 3 > 0,

5 x 15 0,

2 x 10 0,

x < 2,

x < 0,5.

x 3,

x 5 .

632.

Imklv jZkklhygb_ hl ]hjh^Z ^h kh\ohaZ l df Z kdhjhklv Z\lh[mkZ


v dfq Ba i_j\h]h mkeh\by ihemqbf ke_^mxs__ mjZ\g_gb_
v+20=1,5v l_ v=40.
Ba \lhjh]h mkeh\by ihemqbf ke_^mxs__ mjZ\g_gb_
l
l
l
l
= + 1  l_
=
+1

v 10 v
10l=1200
.l=120 df 

30

40

Hl\_l  df


633.

Imklv jZkklhygb_ hl klhebpu ^h ^_j_\gb l df Z kdhjhklv \_ehkbi_^bklZ v dfq


IhemqZ_f kbkl_fm mjZ\g_gbc
54

3
1

l v(v 3) = 3

1
l 1
=
v(v + 1) 12

l 1
l
v 3 v = 3

l l = 1
v v + 1 12

v(v 3) v(v + 1)
=
9
12

v
(
v
+
1
)
l
12

v = 15

15 16
l = 12 = 20

4v 12 = 3v + 3

v(v + 1)
l = 12

Hl\_l  df
634.

Z
=

+



[
=

++

+

+

+

(2 3 )(2 + 3 )



2+ 3 +2 3

+



( 3)




= 



22


+

4
43

= 4.

635.

Z g_ fh`_l
[ g_ fh`_l

636.

Z LZd dZd Df =(  (0;+ kbff_ljbqgZ hlghkbl_evgh gmey b


1
1
1
f ( x ) =
=
= 3
= f ( x)  ke_^h\Z3
3

( x ) + 2( x ) x 2 x
x + 2x
l_evgh f (x) g_q_lgZy nmgdpby
[ LZd dZd Df =R kbff_ljbqgZ hlghkbl_evgh gmey b
1
1
f ( x) =
= 2
= f ( x)  ke_^h\Zl_evgh f (x)
2
( x) + 7 x + 7

q_l-

gZy nmgdpby

55

\ LZd dZd

f ( x) =

1
( x) + 3( x)
4

1
x 3x
4

f ( x)

f (x) ,

ke_^h\Zl_evgh g_ y\ey_lky gb q_lghc gb g_q_lghc nmgdpb_c


] Df =R kbff_ljbqgZ hlghkbl_evgh gmey b

f ( x) = x + 3 + x 3 + ( x 3) + ( x + 3) = x 3 + x + 3 =

f (x)  ke_^h\Zl_evgh f (x)

q_lgZy nmgdpby
^ Df =R kbff_ljbqgZ hlghkbl_evgh gmey b

f ( x) = x + 5 x 5 = ( x 5) ( x + 5) = x 5 x + 5 =

= ( x + 5 x 5 ) = f ( x)  ke_^h\Zl_evgh f(x g_q_lgZy nmgdpby

_ I [ = [ +  + [  = [  + [ +  = x 1 + x + 2
f (x ) b f(x) f (x) g_ y\ey_lky gb q_lghc gb g_q_lghc nmgdpb_c
637.

Z fh`_l \ fh`_l
[ g_ fh`_l ] g_ fh`_l

638.

y
Z

y=
4
0



y=x [

y=

[  

y=  [

3
1
2

639.

1
2

Z m[u\Z_l
[ \hajZklZ_l

640.
56

Ih mkeh\bx bf__f

g ( x) = g ( x), f ( x ) = f ( x)

agZqbl y(x)=
= g ( x) + f ( x) = g ( x) + f ( x) = y ( x) ; y(x) q_lgZy nmgdpby
[ y( x) = f ( x) g ( x), f ( x) = f ( x), g ( x) = g ( x), agZqbl m(o)=
= f ( x) g ( x) = f ( x) g ( x) = y ( x ) ; y(x) q_lgZy nmgdpby
\ y ( x) = g ( x) f ( x), f ( x) = f ( x), g ( x) = g ( x), agZqbl m(o)=
= g ( x) f ( x ) = g ( x) f ( x) = y ( x); y(x) q_lgZy nmgdpby
a) y ( x) = g ( x) + f ( x), f ( x) = f ( x), g ( x) = g ( x ),

] y ( x ) =

f ( x)
, f ( x) = f ( x), g ( x) = g ( x ),
agZqbl
g ( x)
f ( x) f ( x)
=
=
= y ( x) ; y(x) q_lgZy nmgdpby
g ( x) g ( x)
641.
Ih mkeh\bx bf__f f ( x) = f ( x); g ( x) = g ( x).
a) y ( x) = g ( x) + f ( x), f ( x) = f ( x), g ( x) = g ( x),

m(o)=

agZqbl

m(o) = g ( x) + f ( x) = g ( x) f ( x) = y ( x ) ; y(x g_q_lgZy nmgd-

pby
[ y( x) =

agZqbl m(o)=
= f ( x) g ( x) = f ( x) + g ( x) = ( f ( x) g ( x)) = y ( x) ; y(x g_q_lgZy nmgdpby
\ y ( x) = g ( x) f ( x), f ( x) = f ( x), g ( x) = g ( x),
agZqbl
f ( x) g ( x), f ( x) = f ( x ), g ( x) = g ( x),

m(o) = g ( x) f ( x) = g ( x) ( f ( x)) = g ( x) f ( x) = y ( x); y(x)

q_lgZy nmgdpby

57

f ( x)
, f ( x) = f ( x), g ( x) = g ( x), agZqbl
g ( x)
f ( x) f ( x)
=
=
= y ( x) ; y(x) q_lgZy nmgdpby
g ( x) g ( x)

] y ( x ) =

m(o)=

642.

=jZnbdhf
nmgdpbb
f ( x) = x 2 [m^_l ijyfZy
o 0 1
m -2 -1

=jZnbdhf
nmgdpbb
f ( x) = x 2 [m^_l ijyfZy
o 0 -2
m -2 0


643.
=jZnbd nmgdpbb g ( x) = x 2 + 1 iZjZ[heZ m dhlhjhc \_l\b gZijZ\e_gu \\_jo
GZc^_f dhhj^bgZlu \_jrbgu iZjZ[heu
b
0
x\ =
= = 0; g \ = 1.
2a
2
o 1 2 0 -1
m 2 5 1 2
=jZnbd nmgdpbb g ( x) = x 2 1 iZjZ[heZ <_l\b wlhc iZjZ[heu gZijZ\e_gu \gba
GZc^_f dhhj^bgZlu \_jrbgu iZjZ[heu
x\ =

0
b
=
= 0; g \ = 1.
2a
2 (1)

o -1 -2 -3 0
m -2 -5 -10 -1

1
-2

2
-5

3
-10

644.
Z =jZnbdhf nmgdpbb f(x)=
ijyfZy
o
0




o [m^_l

4
1

um

1
1
[ =jZnbd nmgdpbb f(x o2o iZjZ[heZ <_l\b wlhc iZjZ[heu gZijZ\e_gu \\_jo
Dhhj^bgZlu \_jrbgu iZjZ[heu
E =   m =1.
o\=
\
D
 

\ Ijb o ]jZnbd nmgdpbb ijb ihkljhbf ih lhqdZf ijb o ]jZnbd [m^_l kbff_ljbq_g ihkljh_gghfm
hlghkbl_evgh Hm
o 0 1 4 9
m 0 1 2 3

645.
Z =jZnbd nmgdpbb g(x)=x2
iZjZ[heZ <_l\b wlhc iZjZ[heu
gZijZ\e_gu \\_jo
GZc^_f dhhj^bgZlu \_jrbgu
iZjZ[heu
o\=

o
m

E =  =0; g =0.
\
D
 
0
0

1
1

2
4

3
9

4
16

[ =jZnbd nmgdpbb g(x o2o


iZjZ[heZ <_l\b wlhc iZjZ[heu gZijZ\e_gu \\_jo

GZc^_f dhhj^bgZlu \_jrbgu iZjZ[heu o\=


g\=442=4.
o
0
1
m
0
3

2
4
4 0
\ Ihkljhbf ]jZnbd nmgdpbb g(x)=

o
m

0
0

1
1

4
2

E =  =2;
D
 

:
9
3

16
4

646.

Z =jZnbd nmgdpbb y=f(x y\ey_lky kbff_ljbqguf hlghkbl_evgh hkb hj^bgZl Ihwlhfm _keb (x0; f(x0)) ijbgZ^e_`bl ]jZnbdm lh
b (x0; f(x0)) ijbgZ^e_`bl ]jZnbdm Ke_^h\Zl_evgh f(x0)=f(x0) lh
_klv f(x0) q_lgZy nmgdpby
[ =jZnbd nmgdpbb y=f(x y\ey_lky kbff_ljbqguf hlghkbl_evgh gZqZeZ dhhj^bgZl Ihwlhfm _keb (x0; f(x0)) ijbgZ^e_`bl ]jZnbdm lh b (x0; f(x0)) ijbgZ^e_`bl ]jZnbdm Ke_^h\Zl_evgh f(x0)=
f(x0) lh _klv f(x) g_q_lgZy nmgdpby

647.

Z >Z ijb k=0 y=b q_lgZy nmgdpby


[ >Z ijb b=0: y=kx g_q_lgZy nmgdpby

648.
>Z ijb b

b Z m Zo2k y\ey_lky q_lghc nmgdpb_c

649.
Z Nmgdpby m o100 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_
5 >4100.
100

>),

agZqbl

[ Ld < b nmgdpby m o100 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_


[0;+  agZqbl 100<0,89100.
Nmgdpby m o261 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_ ;+  agZqbl
1,5 <1,6261.
\
261

] Nmgdpby m o261 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_ ;+  agZqbl









>




650.

Z Nmgdpby m o10 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_ >  agZqbl


2 <310.
[ Nmgdpby m o5 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_ ;+  agZqbl
5
0,3 >0,25.
\ Nmgdpby m o17 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_ ;+  agZqbl
10








>






.




=






=




= 



^ 7=(23)7221 m o21 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_ ;+  agZqbl


3 >221 l_ 21>87.
_ 6=(362)3=12963 Nmgdpby \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_
(;+ b <1296, 12963>12503 l_ 6>12503.
21

651.

Z Nmgdpby f(x o7 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_ ;


+)f(25)>f(12) f(25)f(12)>0.
[ Nmgdpby f(x o7 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_ ;
+)f(30)<f(20) f(30)f(20)<0.
\ f(0)=0 f(0)f(60)=0.
] Nmgdpby g(x o10 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_ > +)g(17)
g(5)>0.
^ g(9)>o; g(17)>0g(9)g(17)>0.
_ Nmgdpby g(x o10 \hajZklZ_l gZ ijhf_`mld_ > +)g(38)>
g(0) g(38)g(0)>0.

652.
4

Z JZkkfhljbf jZaghklv on+1xn=xn(x  LZd dZd x[0;   lh


x  o1 ke_^h\Zl_evgh on+1xn lh _klv on+1xn.
[ JZkkfhljbf jZaghklv on+1xn=xn(x  LZd dZd x(1; +  lh
n
x  o1> ke_^h\Zl_evgh on+1xn> lh _klv on+1>xn.
n

653.

Z  n agZqbl n=3.


[  n agZqbl n=2.
\  3)n agZqbl n=4.
] 32=(2)n agZqbl n=5.

654.

Z  n, y=2n \hajZklZ_l


22=4<5<82=23 agZqbl g_ kms_kl\m_l
[   )n agZqbl n=8.
\   n agZqbl n=2m.
415=(5)2m=25m
y=25m \hajZklZ_l
25'=25<415<625=252 agZqbl g_ kms_kl\m_l
]  7)n agZqbl n=3.

655.

,

x
y

Ihkljhbf ]jZnbd nmgdpbb m o3


1 2
1 8






0 1 2 3
0 1 8 9

Ihkljhbf ]jZnbd nmgdpbb


m o4.
0 1 2 
o 1 2


,,

m 1 16




0 1 16




Z =jZnbd nmgdpbb m o3
fh`gh ihemqblv ba ]jZnbdZ
nmgdpbb m o3 ihevamykv kbff_ljb_c hlghkbl_evgh hkb o
[ =jZnbd nmgdpbb m o31
fh`gh ihemqblv ba ]jZnbdZ
nmgdpbb m o3 ijb ihfhsb iZjZee_evgh]h i_j_ghkZ gZ  _^bgbpm
\gba \^hev hkb m
\ =jZnbd nmgdpbb m o2)3 fh`gh ihemqblv ba ]jZnbdZ nmgdpbb m o3 ijb ihfhsb iZjZee_evgh]h i_j_ghkZ gZ  _^bgbpu \ijZ\h \^hev hkb o
] =jZnbd nmgdpbb m o2)3 fh`gh ihemqblv ba ]jZnbdZ
nmgdpbb m o3 ijb ihfhsb ^\mo iZjZee_evguo i_j_ghkh\ k^\b]Z
m o3 gZ  _^bgbpu \ijZ\h b gZ  _^bgbpm \\_jo
^ =jZnbd nmgdpbb m o4 fh`gh ihemqblv ba ]jZnbdZ nmgdpbb
m o4 ihevamykv kbff_ljb_c hlghkbl_evgh hkb o
_ =jZnbd nmgdpbb m o4 fh`gh ihemqblv ba ]jZnbdZ nmgdpbb m o3 ijb ihfhsb iZjZee_evgh]h i_j_ghkZ gZ  _^bgbpm \gba
\^hev hkb m
` =jZnbd nmgdpbb m o3)4 fh`gh ihemqblv ba ]jZnbdZ
nmgdpbb m o4 ijb ihfhsb iZjZee_evgh]h i_j_ghkZ gZ  _^bgbpu
\ijZ\h \^hev hkb o
a =jZnbd nmgdpbb m o3)4 fh`gh ihemqblv ba ]jZnbdZ
nmgdpbb m o3 ijb ihfhsb ^\mo iZjZee_evguo i_j_ghkh\ k^\b]Z
m o4 gZ  _^bgbpu \ijZ\h b gZ  _^bgbpm \\_jo
6

656.

Z  dhjgy
[  dhj_gv
\ g_l dhjg_c
]  dhj_gv
^  dhj_gv
_  dhj_gv

657.
Z 0,5
[

^
_



=1,5








=0,5


 =



\ 
]













3    
= .
=5 =
2   



= 3 53 0,1=50,1=0,5.










;( )3=




) = 0,04 o=0,04.
1
; (y ) = m
.
2
1
2

1
3

    
= =
=
.
    


\ = g_l j_r_gbc ld dhj_gv


qbkeZ _klv qbkeh g_hljbpZl_evgh_

^
_




3=2.

=0,2; ( )2=0,22; (x

=1,52=3.

658.

=0,52=1.





hc

kl_i_gb ba ex[h]h

E =2; ( E )4=24; (b ) = 24 b=16.


8
=1; ( )8=18; (x ) = 18 o 

1
4

1
8

( ) = ( 2) o 8.
1

=2; ( 3 ) =(2) =8; x 3

659.

Z Ijb o20; o \ujZ`_gb_ bf__l kfuke



[ Ijb
 o9.


\ Ijb ex[hf o \ujZ`_gb_ bf__l kfuke


] Ijb Z Z2) l_ ijb Z  beb a5.
^ Ijb m2m J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ m2m  D=5246=1;
+

2
m
=3 beb m
 m m m m2) l_ m beb m3.


_ Ijb b2+6b8 J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ b2+6b8=0; b26b+8=0;


6+ 4
6 4
b=
D=62418=4;

beb
b=
=2b2+6b8=
2
2
=(b4)(b2)0; (b4)(b2) l_ b4.

660.
Z o6  o
[ o9  o
\ o7= o
] o11  o
^
_








.
 =

+ 1 =2; ( 4 + 1 )4=24; (x + 1)

 =1;(  )

=15

1
4

o

) =2
4



o







661.

Z o8o4  Imklv o4=y; y2+6y7=0;


D=624(7)=64;
6 + 64
6 64
beb y2=
=7; x4= \ i_j\hf kemqZ_
y 1=
2
2
o1  beb o2= \h \lhjhf kemqZ_ g_l j_r_gbc ld ijZ\Zy qZklv
jZ\_gkl\Z o4= hljbpZl_evgh_ qbkeh
[ o12o6  Imklv o6=y; y29y+14=0;
D=92414=25;
9 + 25
9 25
 beb y2=
=2 o6  beb o6  \ i_j\hf
y 1=
2
2
kemqZ_ o1,2=   \h \lhjhf kemqZ_ o3,4=  .
\ o6o3  Imklv o3=y; y2+11y+24=0;
D=112424=25;


11 + 25
11 25
= beb y2=
=8o3= beb o3=8;
2
2
o1=  beb o2=  =2.
] o14o7  Imklv o7=y; y25y+6=0;
D=2546=1;
+

y 1=
 beb y2=
=2 o7  beb o7  l_ x1   o2=  .
y 1=


662.

=5; ( )3=53=125; (x ) = 53 o 


2) >5; ( )3>53o>125.
3) <5; ( )3<53 o<125.
4
[  =2; ( )4=24; (x ) = 2 4 o 
2) >2; ( )4>24o>16.
3) <2; ( )4<24; 0x<16.
Z 

1
3

1
4

663.

Ihkljhbf ]jZnbd nmgdpbb m


o 0 1 8 1 27
m 0 1 2 1 3


Z
[
\



<



 <  ;
 <  .


664.
Z LZd dZd < lh
  <0.


<

 

ke_^h\Zl_evgh

[ LZd dZd


>




lh

>




ke_^h\Zl_evgh

>0.

\ LZd dZd >0,99,


lh >   ke_^h\Zl_evgh




>0.

] LZd dZd
lh








<







=





<




ke_^h\Zl_evgh

<0

665.
Z

[ =

I [ =

I [

Df=R
Ke_^h\Zl_evgh I [ q_lgZy nmgdpby
Ihkljhbf ]jZnbd nmgdpbb y= I [ .

Ijb x y= I [ = [
Ijb x<0 ]jZnbd [m^_l kbff_ljbq_g hlghkbl_evgh Oy.
y

1
1

I [ =

[ =

I [

Df=R kbff_ljbqgZ hlghkbl_evgh gmey


Ke_^h\Zl_evgh I [ q_lgZy nmgdpby
Ihkljhbf ]jZnbd nmgdpbb y= I [ .
10

Ijb x y= I [ = [
Ijb x<0 ]jZnbd y\ey_lky kbff_ljbqguf hlghkbl_evgh Oy.


2
1

666.
Z <o< ke_^h\Zl_evgh
<o<

[
1<



<





<



<

<





; 0<



ke_^h\Zl_evgh

<1.



<



<





10
<o<10 

\






<10.

ke_^h\Zl_evgh





<



<







667.

Z o2 o2.
[ o o o2,5.
\ m

+

hij_^_e_gZ ijb ex[hf o

668.
y

y=x

y=
2

y=
1

Z
o2=1

x = x  agZqbl x = x 2  o o1)=0 x1 = 0, x2 = 1  l_ o1=0,


1
2

x = x  agZqbl x>0 ld dhj_gv


l_evgh_

hc

1
2

kl_i_gb qbkeh g_hljbpZ-

x > x  agZqbl o o1)< l_ 0<x<1.


11

[ 3 x = x  agZqbl o=o3 l_ o(o21)=0; o(o1)(o


o2=1, o3=1.
3

x < x  agZqbl x<x3; x(x21)>0; 1<x<0 beb x>1

x > x  agZqbl x>x3; x(x21)<0; x<1 beb 0<x<1.



l_

670.
Z



 













=






43 3 33












 

4 3 12
=
.
5
5

34

2 5
4

(3 ) 5
(7 )
(3 )
(2 ) 5
2 5

2 5

2 3 3

2 6

4
5




=
6










=1




671.
Z



=




=4 [ [\ .

DE = E DE = 4 34 b 4 4 ab3 3b DE .
3 3 3 3 3 2
D [ = D [ D = 5 a x a = 5Zo D
 E \ =  E \
\ = 4b4m2 \ .






 

672.


Z Z

[ o

\ b

12

E
E

= 3 23 x 3 2 = 2
= 4 3b 4 3 =

E.

o1=0,

] k







= 5 2c 5 4 =

673.

Z LZd dZd ! Lh]^Z


32 =

15

15

2 =

5
15
2

[ LZd dZd


<

<

>

15

8=

15

2 =
3

3
15
2

1
25 ;

lh]^Z

1
23

< 

\ LZd dZd ! lh]^Z




=N >




<






<

=N

] LZd dZd





> 

lh]^Z

< .

674.
Z





=


LZd dZd  ke_^h\Zl_evgh


[





<






<

<



243
8
23
2 5
3
0,3 = 15 = 15
< 15
= 35 3 = 5
= 0,2 ,
100000
1000
10
10
10

ke_^h\Zl_evgh



<



675.
Z

+

=1.

3 2

<



(2 3 )
3

7+4 3 =

13

= 6 (2 3 ) 2 6 7 + 4 3 =
=

 

 

=1.

+   + 

 

 

 

 

=1.

 + 

  + 

( 2 1)

 

=

( 2 1)

3 2 2 : 23
3 2 2

= 6 (3 2 2 ) : 6 ( 2 1) 2 = 6

=

 

 =1.






+

676.
3

25

10

=
=

3 1

( 25 ) 5
3
3

5 5

7
3

5+ 2
3

+


125

25
5

15

+ 

15
.
5

25
.
5

2 +1

(3 3 1)(3 32 + 3 3 + 1)


+
=
 

2(3 32 + 3 3 + 1)

( 3) 1
3

(3 5 + 3 2 )(3 5 2 3 5 3 2 + 3 2 )

o2

o

[
14

=0;

7 3 25 3 10 + 3 4

==
5+2

=2 ;






)6=(2 )6;

o o  o1  beb o2=0.


0,1=0; =0,1; ( )6=0,16 o


+.

677.
Z

+1.

7( 3 5 2 3 5 3 2 + 3 2 2 )

( 2 ) 1

2(3 32 + 3 3 + 1)

( 5) + ( 2)
3

7(3 25 3 10 + 3 4 )
3

=


=
=

2 3 32 + 3 3 + 1
=
=
2



(x ) = 2 (x ) ;
1
3

1
6

\ +5=0; = g_l j_r_gbc ld dhj_gv hc kl_i_gb


qbkeh g_hljbpZl_evgh_
] +2   imklv =y, 2y2+y1=0; D=1+124=9;




1 9

, y1= beb y2=  < i_j\hf kemqZ_ j_r_gbc g_l ld
4

dhj_gv hc kl_i_gb qbkeh g_hljbpZl_evgh_ \h \lhjhf kemqZ_
y=

=o





5 




imklv
=y lh]^Z y25y+6=0;
 
D=25264=2524=1; y1,2=
; y1=3 beb y2=2. < i_j\hf kemqZ_
^





o1=3  \h \lhjhf kemqZ_


2   imklv
4

 o2=24=16.
=y lh]^Z

y2

2y3=0;

2 16
; y1=3 beb y2=1 dhjg_c g_l ld
D=22+34=4+12=16; y=
2

e_\Zy qZklv
x=6561.

iheh`bl_evgZy Z ijZ\Zy

hljbpZl_evgZy

[ = 

678.


Z 




=2,52

=5





=5  =5   =


=5   = 5 2  .


[ 8
\ a

=   = 2

D =a D




3+

=a

1+

1
2



= 

= a2
1+

] b 3 b =b E = b


1
3

1
3

= b3 .
1

^ x+1)2 4 x + 1 =(x+1)2 ( x + 1) 4 = (x + 1)

2+

_ y5)3 3 y 5 =(y5)3 ( y 5) 2 = ( y 5)

1
4

3+

1
2

= ( x + 1) 4 .
7

( y 5) 2 .

679.
Z ! ihwlhfm
15

512 = 6 83 = 8 6 = 8 2 > 6 64 = 6 82 = 8 6 = 8 3

[ ! ihwlhfm
1

625 = 24 54 = 5 24 = 5 6 > 24 512 = 24 83 = 8 24 = 8 8


\  ihwlhfm
24

4
12
3

81 = 3 =
=
] ! ihwlhfm
12 4

12

1
33

4
48

< 125 =
12

5 =

12 3

3
12
5

81 = 48 34 = 3 48 = 312 > 48 64 =

1
54

43 = 4 48 = 4 16 .

48

680.
1

Z ( x 2) 2 =4; ( ( x 2) 2 )2=42; x2=16; x=18.


[ x2)

1
= 42 

Iheh`bf x2=yy2= 4 =2;

y= 2 ; x2= 2 ; x1=2+ 2 , x2=2 2 .


1

\ ( y + 3) 4 =1; 4 y + 3 = g_l j_r_gbc ld dhj_gv hc kl_i_gb qbkeh g_hljbpZl_evgh_


1
1
1
= ; y+3=4; y=1.
] ( y + 3) 1 = ;
4 y+3 4
1

^ ( a 5) 3 =0; a5=0; a=5.


_ a5)0=

1
g_l j_r_gbc ld Z5)0
3



gh

1
1.
3

681.
Z

1 5
< x < 5 1  agZqbl
32

1 5
< x 5 <1 5  agZqbl
32

[
2

1
< x 5 < 15 ;
25
2

1
< x 5 <1;
1024

1 < 5 x < 5 32 ; 1< x 5 < 5 25 ; 1 < x 5 < 2 ;


2

1 5 < x 5 < 32 5 ; 1< x 5 < 5 1024 ; 1< x 5 < 45 ; 1< x 5 <4.


5

16

1
1
< x 5 <1; < x 5 < 1 .
5
4
4

32 < 5 x < 5 1000 ;

5
2

25 < x 5 < 5 1000 ; 2 < x 5 < 5 1000

32 5 < x 5 <1000 5 ;

1
5

1024 < x 5 < 5 1000000 ;

45 < x 5 < 5 10 105 ; 4< x 5 < 105 10 .

682.
3
5
x

= x5

3 2

10 15

=x

18 9 4
30

= x 30 = x 6 .

x 10 x 15

a 3,5 a 3,8 a 3,5 + a 3,8 a 0,3


=
= 0, 2 = a 0, 3 0, 2 = a 0,1 .
a 2,1 a 1,9
a 2,11,9
a

\ m0,6 m0,2 )2,5=( m0,6 + 0, 2 )2,5=( m0,4 )2,5=m0,42,5= m 1 =


3 1
] c 4 c 6

2
7

9 2
= c 12

1
3

9
7

=c

7 9

12 7

25a 2 2
=
^
4
4b
8 x12
_ 6
y

25 (a 2 ) 2

5a

4 (b 4 ) 2

2b

1
2

1
2

5a 1
5
=
2
2b
2ab 2

y6 3
= 12 =
8x

=c

3
4

1
.
m

y3
1

12

83 x 3

y2
.
2x4

683.
3

Z
[

x3

8
4

x 1

10

x 9 = x 5 x 10 = x 5
1
x8

1
4

1 1
+
4

= x8

1 1

=x
2

9
10

1+ 2
8

=x

6+9
10

15

= x 10 = x 2 .

= x8 .
1

2 1
+
12

\ 3 x 2 4 x = ( x 2 x 4 ) 3 = x 3 x 12 = x 3

= x 12 = x 4 .

17

684.
8 2
x3 x 3
Z
4

3
x
1
= x 1 =
x

?keb x

[
=

3
2

8 2
x3 3
= 4
3
x

lh



3
2

2
x
= 4
3
x


[ [

[ [

[ [
[ [


3
2

3
2
x 2
4 3

2

x3

 +





 



=[




=[

=[

 

?keb x



685.

lh x

1
4

[ = 
Z
\ = 

[ = 

\ = 

[ = 
[
\ = 

[ = 

\ = 

1
4

(0,5)4

686.
Z om t
[ o

2
t3
1

1
2

t2 =t
1
(t 3 ) 2
1

1 1
+
2 2

= t 0 =  om



m2 o m2.
1

\ o t 2  o2=( t 2 )2=t=( t 3 )3 m3 o3 m3.

687.
18

x 3
= x 3+2 =
2
x

1
1
=
=125.
x 0,008

1
=2.
0,5

Z a

1
1
2

3 b 3 (a 3

2
=a3

a 3

1
= a3

b 3

b 3

2
+ b3

1 1

a 3b 3

[ [ + \


2
2
2 1

3
3
b ) (a b 3 ) 2

a 3

1
a3




b 3

b 3

2 1
(a 3 ) 2
1 1

a 3b 3

(b

2 1
3 )2

= [




+\ =


= [\ +\ = [.

688.
Z  a 0,5 3a=a0,5(2a0,5+0,53a1+0,5)= a 0,5 (23 a1,5 ).
[  a 0,5 +5 a 0,5 =Z0,5(3Z0,5+0,5+5Z0,5+0,5)= a 0,5 (3+5a).
\ a1=Z0,5(6Z1+0,5Z0,5)= a 0,5 (6 a1,5 a 0,5 ).

689.
1

Z x 3 4= x 3 23 = ( x 3 ) 2 2 2 =( x 3 2)( x 3 +2).
4

[ a 3 5=( a 3 )2( 5 2 )2=( a 3


1

)( a 3 +

).
1

\ m 2 25= m 4 52= (m 4 ) 2 52 = ( m 4 5)( m 4 +5).


1

] 2 x 3 =( 3 2 )2( 2 2 x 6 )2=( 3 2 x 6 )( 3 + 2 x 6 ).
^ c 0,8 x 0,5 =( c 0, 4 )2( x 0,25 )2=( c 0, 4 x 0,25 )( c 0, 4 + x 0,25 )
_ p p0,6 = p

1
2

p 0,3 2 =(p0,5)2(p0,3)2=( p0,5 p 0, 3 )( p 0,5 + p0, 3 ).

690.
1

Z Z8= a 3 23= (a 3 ) 3 23 = ( a 3 2)(


1

+2 a 3 +4).

[ 1+27b=13+33 b 3 = 13 + (3b 3 ) 3 =(1+3 b 3 )(13 b 3 +9 b 3 ).


\ a 0,6 b0,6 =( a 0,2 )3( b0,2 )3=( a 0,2 b0,2 )( a 0,4 + a 0,2 b0,2 + b0,4 ).
] x 0,9 +125=x0,33+53=( x 0,3 )3+53=( x 0,3 +5)( x 0,6 5 x 0,3 +25).
19

691.
x y +xy= x y +( x )2( y )2=( x y )+

+( x y )( x + y )=( x y )(1+ x + y );
a +a+ b b=( a + b )+( a )2( b )2=( a + b )+

+( a b )( a + b )=( a + b )(1+ a b );

\
]

+4 x 4 +4=( x 4 )2+22 x 4 +22=( x 4 +2)2;

x2 x 2 a 2 +a= x 2 2 x 2 a 2 + a 2

a 2 )2;
1

^ x+2 x 2 8= ( x 2 ) 2 + 2 x 2 + 1 9 = ( x 2 + 1) 2 32 =
1

= ( x 2 + 1 3)( x 2 + 1 + 3) = ( x 2 2)( x 2 +4);

_  [
=3 x

1
4

5 x

(2 x

1
4

1
4

+1=6 x

1)(2 x

1
4

1
2

3 x

1)= (3 x

1
4

2 x
1
4

1
4

+1=

1) (2 x

1
4

1).

692.
Ijb x=

1
a2

xy
=
x+ y

1)

2)

20

1
a2

b2

1
+ b2

; y=

1
b2

E

D

E


+ E


D

1
b2
1
a2

1
b2

a2

b2

1
+ b2

a 2 b2

D

D

1
a2
1
a2

a2

1
a2


E

1
b2


D


+ E


E  


D


E

 

D E


D

(ab) 2

a2 b2
1

1
1
+ b 2 )(a 2

1
b2 )

(ab) 2
;
=
ab

a 2 (a 2 b 2 ) + b 2 (a 2 + b 2 )
1
(a 2

= ( x 2 )22 x 2 a 2 +( a 2 )2=( x 2

a+

1 1
a 2b 2

1 1
b2a2

+b

a b
1

a+b
;
ab

1 1

1 1

(ab) 2 a + b a 2 b 2 ( a b) a 2 b 2
3)
:
=
.
=
a b a b ( a b)( a + b) a + b

693.
1

Z Iheh`bf c 2 =y; 18m2+3m10=0;


D=32418(10)=729;
y=

5
3 729
= <0,
36
6

3 + 729 2
=
36
3

dhjg_c g_l ld c 2 ^he`gh [ulv g_hljb2

22
2
4
2
k =
= .
2
3
9
3
3

[ Iheh`bf x 2 =y; 21y26y15=0;


D=62421(15)=1296;
6 + 1296
6 1296
5
 beb y=
= <0,
y=
42
42
7
dZd x

1
2

^he`gh [ulv g_hljbpZl_evguf qbkehf x

1
\ Iheh`bf y 3 =v;

dhjg_c g_l lZd

1
2

=1; x=1.

3v2+5v2=0;

D=5243(2)=49;
5 + 49 1
=
beb
v 1=
6
3
1
1
.
y=( )3=
3
27

beb

pZl_evguf qbkehf c 2 =

y=

v2=

5 49
=2,
6

dhjg_c

g_l

] Iheh`bf a 3 =y; 2y27y+3=0;


D=72423=25;
7 + 25
7 25 1
 beb y2=
= ;
y 1=
4
4
2
1
1
, a=8.
a1=33 beb a2=( )3; a=
2
27
21

694.
2

Z v=

+1=

2
t3

1+ t 3

2
t3

; t 3 =u ke_^h\Zl_evgh v=

2
t3

u
;
u 1

v(u1)=u; vuv=u; vu= u+v;


[ u4=t+2; v4=2t; u4+v4=4.

695.
1

m 2 n 2 m 6 + m 3 n 2 (m 2 n 2 ) m 3 (m 2 + n 2 )
Z 

= 1
=1
1
1
1
1
1
mn
3
3
2
2
2
2
m
m (m n )(m + n )
1

2)

1 1
m3 n3

1 1
m6 n 6

1 1
1 1
m 3 n 3 (m 6 n 6
1

m 2 n 2 m6 n 6

1)

1=

1 1

m 2 n 2 m6 n 6 m 3 n 3 + m6 n 6

1 1
m3n3

1 1
m6 n 6

1
x 6 (1

1
x6 )

= m6 n 6 .

n 6 m 6 (m 6 n 6 1)

[ 

1
x 6 (1

1
x6

1
x3

1+ x

1
x6 )

1+ x

1
(1

1
x3

1
x6

1
x 6 )(1 +

2
x3

1
x3)

1
13 + ( x 3 )3

1 x 2 1+ x
2)

=
1+ x 1 x

696.

22




(1 +




(1

 +
+

[
[










1+ x

 +

+




1
x 6 )(1 +

1
x 3 )(1

+[

1
x3




1
x3)

2
x3)

[
[

+

( a + b) 2 + (a b) 2
(a

1
+ b) 2

a+b+

1
2( a + b) 2 ( a

1
((a + b) 2 ) 2

5(a +

((a

1
b) 2

1
+ b) 2

+ a b

1
((a b) 2 ) 2

(a
=

1
b) 2 ((a

1
+ b) 2

+ (a

1
b) 2 )

2a + 2 ( a + b)(a b)
=
a+ba+b

2 a + 2 a 2 b 2 2( a + a 2 b 2 ) a + a 2 b 2
=
=
.
2b
2b
b

?keb b=

(a

1
b) 2

((a + b) 2 + (a b) 2 )((a + b) 2 + (a b) 2 )

4a
a + a 2 b2
b a>0 lh
=
5
b

a + a2
4a
5

16a 2
25 =

25a 2 16a 2
9a 2
3a
) 5(a +
) 5(a + )
25
25
5 = 5(5a + 3a ) =
=
=
4a
4a
4a
4a 5

5 8a 8a
=
=2.
4 a 5 4a

23

697.

AOB=150;
AOD=210;
AOC=540;
AON=45;
AOL=135.

698.

{
A{C=210;
A{D=240.

A B=400;

699.
Z =282; 270<282<360 agZqbl ,9 q_l\_jlb
[ =190; 180<190<270 agZqbl ,,, q_l\_jlb
\ =100; 90<100<180 agZqbl ,, q_l\_jlb
] =20; 270<20<360 agZqbl ,9 q_l\_jlb
^ =110; 180<110<270 agZqbl ,,, q_l\_jlb
_ =4200; 4200=36011+240; 180<240<270 agZqbl III
q_l\_jlb

700.
Z =179; 90<179<180 agZqbl ,, q_l\_jlb
[ =325; 270<325<360 agZqbl ,9 q_l\_jlb
\ =150; 180<150<270 agZqbl ,,, q_l\_jlb
] =10; 270<10<360 agZqbl ,9 q_l\_jlb
^ =800; 800=3602+80; 0<80<90 agZqbl , q_l\_jlb
_ =10000; 10000=36027+280; 270<280<360 agZqbl
,9 q_l\_jlb
24

701.
Z =2360+50; 310=360+50.
[ =360+120; 1560=4360+120; 240h=360h+120h.

702.
Z =360+60; =60;
[ 210=360+150; =150;
\ 700=2360+20; =20.

703.
sin35=

\  0,58;
5 

cos35=

x 
sin 35$

0,82; tg35=
=
R

cos35$

\  0,71;
[ 

[ 1,4.
\
\ 
sin160= 0,37;
5 
 0,93; tg160= \  0,39;
cos160=
5 
[ 
[  2,55.
ctg160=
\ 
\ 2,25 0,75; cos230= x  0,65;
sin230=

R
5 3
\  1,15; ctg230= x  0,87;
tg230=
R 
5 
\  0,97;
sin(75)=
[ 
 0,27; tg(75)= \  3,625;
cos(75)=
5 
[ 
[  0,28.
ctg(75)=
\ 
ctg35=

25

704.

\ ; cos= [ ;
5
5
[
\
tg= ; ctg= .
\
[
\ 
1) sin50= =0,8;
5 
[

cos50= =0,6;
5 

\
tg50= = 1,33;
[ 
[ 
ctg50= 0,75.
\ 
\  =0,14;
2) sin175=
5 
[  =1;
cos175=
5 
\  =0,14;
tg175= =
[ 
[  7,14.
ctg50=
\ 
sin=

y
5

1
1

3) sin(100)=
cos(100)=

\  =1;
5 

[  =0,2;
5 

\ =  =5;
[ 
[  =0,2.
ctg(100)=
\ 
tg(100)=

705.
Z FRV+

cos30=2

[ VLQctg45=5







1=

=3

^  WJsin60=4

_ VLQcos60=12
26











=1+

3
1
=2 .
2
2

5
3
1 = .
2
2


\ VLQ+6cos604tg45=2
] WJtg60=31

5 x

+6




41=1+34=44=0.

= 2( 3 ) 2 = 23=6.



12 3
=3
4

706.
Z VLQctg60=2




[ sin454cos30=2
\ WJctg30=7




] FWJ2sin60=6




4





( 3 )2 
= =1.
3



=7

( 3 )2
3
= 7 : = 7.
3
3




=2

707.
Z VLQ=1; =90;
=810+360=1170;

=90+360=450;

=450+360=810;

[ kRV=1; =180; =180+360=540; =540+360=900;


=900+360=1260;...
\ VLQ=0; =0;
=720+360=1080;...

=0+360=360;

=360+360=720;

] WJ=0; =0; 180; 360;...

708.
Z sin=1; =90; =90+360=270; =270+360=630;
[ cos=1; =0; =0+360=360; =360+360=720;
\ cos=0; =90; =90+360=450; =450+360=810;
] ctg=0; =90; =450; =270.

709.
Z LZd dZd 1VLQ lh 1+sin2;
[ LZd dZd FRV lh 2cos3.

710.
Z LZd dZd 1VLQ lh 1sin2;
[ LZd dZd 1FRV lh 12+cos.

711.
27

Z =90; 450; 270; 810;


[ =0; 360; 180; 540.

712.
Z g_ fh`_l lZd dZd
[ fh`_l lZd dZd

<1;

+

\ g_ fh`_l lZd dZd


] fh`_l lZd dZd

>1;

>1;

<1.

713.

Z FRV4sin90+5tg180=2141+50=24+0=2.
[ FWJ3cos270+5sin0=2030+50=0.
\ WJ




sin270




cos180=0

(1)




(1)=




714.
Z VLQ+2cos60=0+2
[ WJsin60ctg30=





=1.




 

\ VLQ3cos180=413(1)=4+3=7.
] FWJ3sin270=303(1)=3.

715.

Z VLQ+cos=sin0+cos0=0+1=1.
[ VLQ+cos=sin45+cos45=

 
=


\ VLQ+cos=sin90+cos90=1+0=1.
] VLQ+cos=sin180+cos180=0+(1)=1.

716.
Z FRV+cos3=cos30+cos45=









+0= .


\ FRV+cos3=cos180+cos270=1+0=1.

[ FRV+cos3=cos60+cos90=

28

+





=1.

717.

Z VLQ+sin230+3sin330=sin30+sin60+sin90=
1
3
+
+1=
2
2

+

+

[ WJ+tg30=1+

+

+ 
.


718.
(a 0,5 + b 0,5 )(a 0,5 + b 0,5 ) b 0,5 a 0,5
a 0 ,5 + b 0 ,5
b 0, 5
0, 5
=
=
0, 5
a
a + b 0 ,5
a 0, 5 ( a 0 , 5 + b 0, 5 )

1)
=

D + D E + E E D
D D + E


2)






D+D
D



=( D







+E













+E

+E

)2( E









D+D
D









D+D E +E
;
D D + E







+E

+E

















E + E D D
D D + D E + E






D + D









+E



)2=ab.

719.
[ \ = 
Z  
[ + \ = 
2 + 3

,
x =
2

2
( 2 + 3 y ) + y 2 = 20;

2 + 3

,
x =
2

x 2 + y 2 = 20;

2 + 3y

,
x =
2

( 2 + 3 y ) 2 + 4 y 2 = 80;

2 + 3y

x =
2

4 + 12 y + 9 y 2 + 4 y 2 = 80

13y2+12y76=0;
D=122413(76)=4096>0;
ke_^h\Zl_evgh ijyfZy b hdjm`ghklv i_j_k_dZxlky \ ^\mo lhq-

dZo

29

+  =  =   
[

+ =    + = 


x = 50 7 y

2500 700 y + 49 y 2 + y 2 = 50
J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_ y214y+49=0;
D=142449=196196=0;
Ke_^h\Zl_evgh ijyfZy b hdjm`ghklv bf_xl h^gm lhqdm i_j_k_q_gby l_ ijyfZy dZkZ_lky hdjm`ghklb

720.


 






 


 

4 4
(3 )
2



((33 ) 3 (2 4 ) 4 )

32 2 3
= (9 8) 3 = 3 ;
31

((23 ) 3 (25 ) 5 )
(5 3 )

1
3

2 2 21
= (4 2) 5 = 10 .
51

721.

Z =48 lZd dZd <<90 lh , q_l\_jlb ihwlhfm VLQ>0;


cos>0; tg>0; ctg>0.
[ =137 lZd dZd <<180; ,, q_l\_jlb ihwlhfm VLQ>0;
cos<0; tg<0; ctg<0.
\ =200 lZd dZd <<270; ,,, q_l\_jlb ihwlhfm
sin<0; cos<0; tg>0; ctg>0.
] =306 lZd dZd ; 270<<360; ,9 q_l\_jlb ihwlhfm
sin<0; cos>0; tg<0; ctg<0.

722.

Z LZd dZd <179<180 lh =179,, q_l\_jlb ihwlhfm


sin179>0.
[ LZd dZd <280<360 lh =280,9 q_l\_jlb ihwlhfm
cos280>0.
\ LZd dZd <175<180 lh =175,, q_l\_jlb ihwlhfm
tg175<0.
30

] LZd dZd <359<360 lh =359,9 q_l\_jlb ihwlhfm


ctg359<0.
^ LZd dZd FRV =cos(360+50)=cos50 lh <50<90;
=50, q_l\_jlb ihwlhfm FRV>0.
_ LZd dZd WJ=tg(360+140)=tg140 lh <140<180;
=140,, q_l\_jlb ihwlhfm WJ<0.
` LZd dZd sin(75)=sin(36075)=sin285 lh 270<285<360;
,9 q_l\_jlb ihwlhfm VLQ 75)<0;
a
LZd
dZd
cos(116)=cos(360116)=cos244
lh
180<244<270; ,,, q_l\_jlb ihwlhfm FRV 116)<0.

723.

Z LZd dZd <315<360 lh =315,9 q_l\_jlb ke_^h\Zl_evgh FRV>0.


[ LZd dZd <109<180 lh =109,, q_l\_jlb ke_^h\Zl_evgh VLQ>0.
\ LZd dZd <145<180 lh =145,, q_l\_jlb ke_^h\Zl_evgh WJ<0.
] LZd dZd <288<360 lh =288,9 q_l\_jlb ke_^h\Zl_evgh FWJ<0.
^ LZd dZd cos(25)=cos(36025)=cos335; 270<335<360;
,9 q_l\_jlb ke_^h\Zl_evgh FRV 25)>0.
_ LZd dZd tg(10)=tg(36010)=tg350; 270<350<360; IV
q_l\_jlb ke_^h\Zl_evgh WJ 10)<0.

724.

Z VLQ> \ , b ,, q_l\_jlb FRV> \ , b ,9 q_l\_jlb ihwlhfm


I q_l\_jlb
[ VLQ< \ ,,, b ,9 q_l\_jlb FRV> \ , b ,, q_l\_jlb ihwlhfm
IV q_l\_jlb
\ VLQ< \ ,,, b ,9 q_l\_jlb FRV> \h ,, b ,,, q_l\_jlb ihwlhfm III q_l\_jlb
] VLQ> \ , b ,, q_l\_jlb WJ< \ , b ,,, q_l\_jlb ihwlhfm I
q_l\_jlb
^ WJ< \ ,, b ,9 q_l\_jlb FRV> \h , b ,9 q_l\_jlb ihwlhfm
IV q_l\_jlb

31

_ FWJ> \ , b
III q_l\_jlb

,,,

q_l\_jlb

VLQ<

,,,

725.

,9

q_l\_jlb ihwlhfm

Z <100<180, sin100>0; 270<300<360; sin100>0,


cos300>0; sin100cos300>0
[ <190<270, sin190<0; 180<200<270; sin190<0,
tg200>0; sin190tg200<0
\ <320<360, cos320>0; 0<17<90;cos320>0, ctg17>0;
cos320ctg17>0
] <170<180, tg170<0; 400=360+40, 0<40<90;
tg170<0, cos400>0; tg170cos400<0

726.

Z \ , b ,,, q_l\_jlyo
[ \ , ,, ,,, ,9 q_l\_jlyo
\ \ , ,, q_l\_jlyo

727.
Z VLQ 30)=sin30=

[ FRV 60)=cos60=

\ WJ 45)=tg45=1.
] FWJ 30)=ctg30=
^ FRV 90)=cos90=0
_ VLQ 45)=sin45=




728.
Z VLQ 60)=sin60=




[ FRV 60)=cos60=1.
\ VLQ 90)=sin90=1.
] FWJ 45)=ctg45=1.

729.
Z VLQ=sin(2360+30)=sin30=

32




cos750=cos(2360+30)=cos30=
tg750=tg(2360+30)=tg30=

ctg750=ctg(2360+30)=ctg30=  ;
[ VLQ=sin(2360+90)=sin90=1;
cos810=cos(2360+90)=cos90=0;
tg810=tg(2360+90)=tg90 g_ kms_kl\m_l
kWJ kWJ 2360+90 kWJ=0.
\ VLQ=sin(2360+180)=sin180=0;
cos1260=cos(2360+180)=cos180=1;
tg1260=tg(2360+180)=tg180=0;
ctg1260=ctg(2360+180)=ctg180 g_ kms_kl\m_l

730.
Z VLQ=sin(30+360)=sin30=

[ FRV=cos(60+360)=cos60=




\ WJ=tg(180+360)=tg180=0;
] FWJ=ctg(90+360)=ctg90=0.

731.
Z VLQ=sin(45+360)=sin45=




[ FRV=cos(45+360)=cos360=cos0=1;
\ WJ=tg(30+360)=tg30=




] FWJ=ctg(270+360)=ctg270=0.

732.

Z VLQ 720)=sin720=sin(2360+0)=sin0=0;
[ FRV 405)=cos405=cos(45+360)=cos45=




\ FRV 780)=cos780=cos(2360+60)=cos60=




;
;

] FWJ 1110)=ctg1110=ctg(3360+30)=ctg30=

.
33

733.

Z WJ 900)=tg(2360+180)=tg180=0;
[ FWJ 780)=ctg780=ctg(2360+60)=ctg60=




\ VLQ 1125)=sin1125=sin(3360+45)=sin45=

;


734.
1
1

x2 y 2 x2 y 2
x 2 y 2 x 2 y 2 y 2 x 2 xy x 2 y 2

= 2 2

=
1 1 x+ y
yx x+ y
x 1 y 1 x + y
x y

x y
(y x )( y + x ) xy =xy.
=
(y x )(x + y )
Ijb o=0,12; m=0,5 om=0,120,5=0,06.

735.

Z o2o56< GZc^_f dhjgb mjZ\g_gby o2o56=0;


D=14(56)=225;
1 + 225
1 225
o=
 beb o=
=7;
2
2
(7; 8)
o2o56=(o8)(o+7)<0.
[ o229o10> GZc^_f dhjgb mjZ\g_gb_ o229o10=0;
D=29243(10)=961;
 + 
 

o=
 beb o=
= ;


3o229o10=3(o10)(o+ )>0.

(




)(10;+

\ o21; 4o2+10.
H[Z keZ]Z_fuo g_hljbpZl_evgu ihwlhfm j_r_gbc g_l
]




736.
Z 
34

oo2>0; [ >0;


180
90
29.
0,5 =

[ .




[ 
\
]






10=



573.

=36.
=20.

=135.

5

=150.
6


 9

=
`
=810.
2


 1
=2160.
a =
2



737.


Z 



[ 
\




0,2=

11.

3,1178.








=450.

3
=270.
2

=60.
^ =
3


 

_
=
=225.




738.
Z =
[ =
\ =









135=
210=

36=




.
35

] =
^ =
_ =







` 120=
a 225=

150=
240=
300=





739.
Z =10=
[ =18=
\ =54=







(120)=

(225)=

10=
18=
54=









200 =
.
180



225 =
.
^ =225=
180



390 =
.
_ =390=
180

45

( 45) = .
` =45=
180


( 60 ) = .
a =60=
180

] =200=

740.
Z =
[ =







; =

; =






\ =0,3; =0,3=0,7.

741.
36

< jZ\gh[_^j_gghf ijyfhm]hevghf lj_m]hevgbd_ m]eu jZ\gu


90; 45; 45; 90=90
= ; 45=45
= .


742.
Z
[
\
]

<










<, ihwlhfm






II q_l\_jlb

<1,8<2, ihwlhfm IV q_l\_jlb

<0,6<, ihwlhfm II q_l\_jlb

<

 

<

743.
Z LZd dZd
[ LZd dZd

<

, ihwlhfm I q_l\_jlb

<

<;

<;

II q_l\_jlb sin

II q_l\_jlb cos

>0.




<0.

\ LZd dZd 57I q_l\_jlb sin1>0.


 
52I q_l\_jlb cos0,9>0.
] LZd dZd 


^ LZd dZd < < I q_l\_jlb tg >0.




_ LZd dZd 
` LZd dZd

a LZd dZd 

744.
Z 
[

 

<




172II q_l\_jlb tg3<0.

<;

 





II q_l\_jlb ctg




<0.

11I q_l\_jlb ctg0,2>0.

) , q_l\_jlv sin x > FRVo>0; tg x>0; ctgx >0.

;) ,, q_l\_jlv sin x > FRVo<0; tg x<0; ctgx <0.

37

\ ;
]

) ,,, q_l\_jlv VLQo<0; cos x <0; tg x>0; ctgx>0.

;2) ,9 q_l\_jlv VLQo<0; cos x >0; tg x<0; ctgx<0.

745.

sin

ctg 0




cos 1
tg

746.

Z VLQ
[ FRV

+tg

sin

\ FRV2sin
] FRV

=2




+1=

+1.

=0(1)=1.

=12

+tg=2







=11=2.

+0=1.

747.
Z VLQ2cos




38

VLQ

[
=







+3tg

)+3cos

ctg

tg

=2020+310=3.

+ctg




+3










\ VLQ

] WJ

3tg

)+2sin

+ctg(




)tg=2

3tg02ctg




=31+2




+0=

3021=

5.

748.
Z VLQ2

] WJ

2 3   
+
= + = =1  .
=
2 2   


3 2   
cos =

= = .
2 2   


sin

+sin

[ FRV2
\ WJ2

cos2

tg2
sin

=(1)2

( 3) =
2

 

3
3

3
3 = 3 3=3.

2
2
32 4 8

749.
Z VLQ

+4cos03sin




+cos=51+413(1)+(1)=11.


)+2sin2tg=00+200=0.




 2
) +202512=3 5=2 .
\ sin2 +2cos2 5tg2 =3(







 2
) +30=
] VLQ2 4tg2 3cos2 kWJ2 =3124123(






[ VLQ )cos(

=34




=3




750.

=1.
2




[ FRV
)=cos
=cos(2+ )=cos =

Z VLQ=sin(2+0,5)=sin


39

\ WJ



=tg(2+

)=tg



=ctg(4+



)=tg



)=ctg

_ WJ




)=sin
=sin(4+ )=sin =1.





] VLQ
^ FWJ

=tg(4+

)=tg

=1.

751.


Z FWJ

=ctg(2+

[ FRV




\ VLQ

)=ctg

=cos(4+




)=cos



)= sin




.



=sin(4+

)=sin


.


] FRV 4,5)=cos4,5=cos(4+0,5)=cos0,5=0.

753.
Z 

D

D + 

D  =

+ 

D

D + 

D 
=
D +  D D + 


( a 3)(a + 3) 6a + 18
a 2 6a 9 + 18
a 2 6a + 9
=
=
=
2
2
( a + 3)(a 3a + 9)
(a + 3)(a 3a + 9) ( a + 3)(a 2 3a + 9)

(a 3) 2
(a 3) 2
= 3
.
2
(a + 3)(a 3a + 9) a + 27
2)

D 
5a 15
: 3
=
D +  D D +  4a + 108


(a 3) 2
5( a 3)
:
=
2
(a + 3)( a 3a + 9) 4( a + 3)(a 2 3a + 9)
=

(a 3) 2 4( + 3)(a 2 3a + 9) 4(a 3)
=
.
5
(a + 3)(a 2 3a + 9)(a 3) 5

40

[ 

[  =
[  [ +  [ + 

 =
+
=
+  + 
 +  + 
[  + [  [  = ( x 3)(1 + x 4) = ( x 3) 2 .
=
( x 4)( x 2 + 4 x + 16) x 3 64
[  [ +  [ + 
 + 
 

2)
=

 +  + 
   +  + 
=2  .
=
  +  + 
[ 

754.

Z o10o2<0; o(35o)<0;
o(o0,6)>0.

(  (0,6;

[ o22o; 7o2+2o0;

2/7


o(o+ )0.




0
; 0]

755.

Z cos2=sin2.
[ VLQ21=(1 sin2)= cos2.
\ FRV2+(1sin2)=cos2+cos2=2 cos2.
] VLQ2+2 cos21=sin2+cos2+cos21=1+cos21=cos2.
^  sin)(1+sin)=1 sin2=cos2.
_ FRV1)(1+cos)=cos21=(1 cos2)= sin2.

756.

Z  sin2 cos2=1( sin2+cos2)=11=0.


[ FRV2(12sin2)=cos21+2sin2=sin2+2sin2=sin2.

757.
Z VLQ cos tg=

VLQ FRV VLQ


FRV

=sin2.

41

[ VLQ cos kWJ1=

VLQ FRV FRV

1=cos21=

VLQ
=(1 cos2)= sin2.
\ VLQ2tgctg=sin21=(1 sin2)= cos2.

FRV
=
=1.
FRV
FRV
FRV
FRV
FRV
^
=
=
=ctg2.
 FRV
FRV 
VLQ

 VLQ

 FRV

 VLQ

VLQ
=
=tg2.
FRV


758.
Z VLQ2+cos2+tg2=1+tg2=
[ WJctg+ctg =1+ctg =
2


FRV

VLQ

759.

sin - cos
= FRV .
sin.
sin cos
[ WJ FRV =
=sin.
cos.
sin. cos.
VLQ
=cos.
\
=
sin.
WJ

Z VLQ kWJ=

] WJ kWJ1=11=0.
WJ
WJ

.
^
+1=
+1=tg2+1=
FWJ
WJ
FRV


VLQ

 FRV

(1 sin . ) =
2

1 cos .
2

FRV
VLQ

=ctg2.

760.

Z VLQ2+cos2=1;
sin2=1cos2;
sin2=1(0,6)2=10,36=0,64; sin= 0,64 = 0,8  gh
,, q_l\_jlb VLQ> l_ sin=0,8.
[ VLQ2+cos2=1;
42

cos2=1sin2;
cos2=1(

 2

)=

; cos =

8
2 2
 gh
=
9
3

,, q_l\_jlb FRV< ihwlhfm cos =




\ WJ2=


tg2=

tg =

FRV

FRV

tg=
tg =










1=

2 2
.
3

 FRV
FRV

=(1







):

,,

gh

225 64
=
;
289 225

q_l\_jlb

WJ<

ihwlhfm

8
.
15

] FWJ2=
sin2=




VLQ


 + 

;



; sin=

sin> ihwlhfm sin =

1
5
=
5
5

gh ,, q_l\_jlb

5
.
5

761.

sin2+cos2=1;
cos2=1sin2;
cos2=10,62=10,36=0,64;
cos=  = gh ,
cos=0,8.
[ VLQ2+cos2=1;
sin2=1cos2;
sin2=1(

 2


) =1







q_l\_jlb

FRV>

ihwlhfm

43



sin=

q_l\_jlb

VLQ>

ihwlhfm

gh , q_l\_jlb

FRV>

ihwlhfm

FWJ>

ihwlhfm

gh

15
.
4

sin =

\ WJ2=

FRV

cos2=

 + WJ

+ 

cos=

cos2=



1
10
=
10
10

10
.
10

cos =

] FWJ2=
ctg2=

ctg2=

VLQ

 VLQ
VLQ











; ctg2=

ctg=
ctg =





VLQ

1;






 
 









gh

q_l\_jlb

5
.
12

762.
Z


2
2
VLQ +cos =



gy_lky


81 1600 1681
40
+
=
+ =
1681 1681 1681
41




\uihe-

9
1 10
 
=
 g_ \uihegy_lky
[ VLQ2+cos2= + = +
  16 16 16
44

\ WJctg=




] WJctg=(

1,8=

 

1) (





\uihegy_lky

+1)=2



\uihegy_lky

763.

sin2+cos2=0,332+0,632=0,1089+0,3969=0,50581.

764.

Z  VLQ2+cos2=1; cos2=1 sin2;




 
cos2=1 =
;
 


cos=
cos =






gh ,, q_l\_jlb

FRV<

ihwlhfm

40
.
41

2) tg=

VLQ
FRV

; tg=




: (




[ ctg =

1
tg = 3
3

1 + tg 2 =

1
1
; cos 2 =
10
cos 2

cos =

1
10

)=




10
 ld III q_l\_jlb cos<0.
10

765.
Z  WJ2=
tg2=


FRV

 FRV
1=
;
FRV

FRV

45

tg2=










tg=
tg =













gh II q_l\_jlb l_ tg<0 ihwlhfm

3
.
4

2) ctg=

WJ

[  FWJ=

; ctg=

WJ

2) 1+ctg2=

; ctg=




VLQ




=1 .





; sin2=

.


+

(,, q_l\_jlb VLQ>0).

FWJ


766.
Z  VLQ2+cos2=1; cos2=1 sin2;
 


cos2=1 =
=
; cos=



4
cos> ihwlhfm cos = .
5


2) tg=

VLQ
FRV

3) ctg=

WJ

; tg=
; ctg=










=



 
 

=1







[  VLQ2+cos2=1; sin2=1 cos2;

46







gh , q_l\_jlb

 


sin2=1 =
=
;sin=







q_l\_jlb VLQ> ihwlhfm sin=


2) tg=

VLQ
FRV

3) ctg=



; tg=




; ctg=

WJ













gh I



 



 




=1




\  FWJ=




VLQ

+

( )

; sin2=

VLQ

+

sin=




VLQ


+



3) tg=
=

 


VLQ
FRV

; tg=

FWJ

; cos=

2) 1+ctg2=
=

FRV

]  WJ=

sin> ihwlhfm sin=


3) tg=

; ctg=

WJ

2) 1+ctg2=
sin2=






+

FWJ


; sin=

;
=




gh ,, q_l\_jlb

.
VLQ

WJ

; cos=



; sin2=


=





:(




)=

+

FWJ


gh ,,, q_l\_jlb VLQ< ihwlhfm sin =


;

VLQ

WJ

=cos=




: (




)=


 

29



.
47

767.

Z  VLQ2+cos2

agZqbl FRV2=1 sin2;





cos2=1 =
;
 


cos=
cos =






gh ,, q_l\_jlb

9
.
41

2) tg=

VLQ

FRV

3) ctg=

; tg=




; ctg=

WJ

: (






 

)=


 

=4

FRV<




ihwlhfm



[  VLQ2+cos2=1; sin2=1 cos2;






sin2=1 =
;




sin=
2) tg=



VLQ
FRV

3) ctg=

2) 1+tg2=

+




48

gh ,9 q_l\_jlb VLQ< ihwlhfm sin=

WJ




=1




 
 







; cos2=

; cos=

FRV

; ctg= =1.


FRV

VLQ

; tg= :

wlhfm cos =
3) tg=

; ctg=

WJ

\  FWJ=

+

WJ

1
2
=
2
2

; cos2=

gh ,,, q_l\_jlb

2
.
2
; sin=tgcos; sin=1(




)=




FRV<

ih-

]  WJ=

FWJ

2) 1+ctg2=
sin2=

; tg= ;


+ 

VLQ

; sin2=

+


; sin=





FWJ

10
10

gh , q_l\_jlb

10
.
10
FRV
; cos= ctgsin; cos=3
3) ctg=
VLQ

VLQ>0,

ihwlhfm sin=




 


768.

Z  VLQ2+cos2=1; cos2=1 sin2;


cos2=10,622=0,6156;

<<;
cos=   gh


cos<

ihwlhfm

cos0,78.
2) tg=

VLQ
FRV

; tg=0,62: (0,78)0,79.

3) ctg =

1
1
=
1,3 .
tg 0,79

[  WJ=

FWJ

kWJ=

WJ

ctg=1: (2,1)0,48.
2) 1+tg2=
cos2=




FRV


 + 

; cos2=
=

+


 + 

WJ





cos=






gh

<<2; cos> ihwlhfm cos0,43.


3) tg=

VLQ
FRV
2

; sin=tgcos; sin=2,10,430,90.

\  VLQ +cos2=1; sin2=1 cos2;


49

sin2=1(0,23)2=0,9471;
sin=





<<

gh

ihwlhfm

sin<

sin0,97.
2) tg=

VLQ

; tg=0,97: (0,23)4,2.

FRV

3) ctg=

1
1
=
0,24.
tg 4,2


]  FWJ2=
sin2=

VLQ


 + 

; sin2=



+



; sin=



FWJ



 gh <<

; 0sin>0,

ihwlhfm sin=0,41.
FRV
2) ctg=
; cos=ctgsin; cos=0,412,20,902.
VLQ
VLQ
; tg=0,41: 0,9020,45.
3) tg=
FRV

769.
Z  VLQ2+cos2=1; cos2=1 sin2;




cos2=1 =
; cos=




cos=
2) tg=
tg=






VLQ

FRV

:(

3) ctg=



WJ

)=



beb





; tg=

















 
 




beb

.


; ctg=




=1




beb FWJ=



[  VLQ2+cos2=1; sin2=1 cos2;

sin =1

50




= ; sin=








beb




=1




sin=

VLQ

2) tg=
tg=

3) ctg=

ctg=

: (

)=

WJ

; tg=

FRV

 





; ctg=

:(

)=



 





beb

=


beb




770.

Z  VLQ2+cos2=1; cos2=1 sin2 agZqbl

beb FRV=  VLQ ;


VLQ
VLQ
2) tg=
beb WJ=
.
 VLQ
 VLQ

cos=

 VLQ

3) ctg=

 VLQ

VLQ

 VLQ

beb FWJ=

VLQ

[  VLQ2+cos2=1 sin2=1 cos2 agZqbl


sin=

 FRV

beb VLQ=

 FRV

2) tg=

FRV

FRV

3) ctg=

771.
Z  

 FRV

beb WJ=

1 cos 2
.
cos

beb ctg=

D+E D E
D + DE + E E D


FRV
 FRV 

1+ b b 1 b
1
=
= ;
b
b
b


2)

 FRV

(a + b)( a b)( a 2 + ab + b 2 ) a b
=1;
=
( a 2 + ab + b 2 )(b a)(b + a) b a
51


3) 1: =b.
E

ab
D D E + DE
a+
DE
E

D


ab 2 a 2b
ab =
DE =

ab
D
D + E DE
a+b
D
+
E
a
a+b
D+E
D DE + DE
DE
E D
D E = DE E D D + E =ab.
=

D + E D + DE DE D + E D E
D+E
772.
\ =  [  [ [ =  [ [  [  [ = 

\ = [
\ = [
\ = [


[ = 
[ = 
beb
 I_j_k_dZxlky \ ^\mo lhqdZo

=
\

\ = 

773.


Z 
[

FRV



VLQ

\ 
]

cos 2 1 sin 2
=tg2.
=
2
2
cos
cos

1=1+ctg21=ctg2.

VLQ FRV

FWJ
WJFWJ FRV

=1


 VLQ

774.

VLQ FRV VLQ

=1sin2=cos2.

FRV
 FRV

 VLQ

VLQ

 VLQ

1
= sin .
2

 FRV FRV 

=
=
VLQ
VLQ
VLQ

cos sin sin cos + 1
.
=
=
sin
VLQ

Z FWJ

52

FRV


VLQ


 + VLQ

VLQ

+  VLQ 
=
 VLQ + 

VLQ

VLQ

 FWJ

WJ


VLQ

FRV

VLQ

2
2
=
.
2
1 sin cos 2

ctg ( tg 1)
=ctg.
tg 1


FRV
 VLQ
+1=
+tg ctg=
+1=

VLQ
 FRV

.


VLQ

^ WJ2(sin21)=

FRV
=sin2.
FRV


_ FRV2 kWJ2+1)sin2=cos2


VLQ

sin2=cos21=sin2.

775.
1 sin + sin

.
=
cos
FRV
FRV
FRV
FRV
 FRV +  + FRV


=
[
+
=
 + FRV  FRV
 + FRV
 FRV

 VLQ


 FRV

+tg=

 VLQ


VLQ

VLQ

\ kWJ2(cos21)+1=

FRV

 FRV
FRV VLQ
+1=
+1=
VLQ
VLQ


=1cos =sin .
tg + 1 tg + 1 tg + 1
]
=
=
=tg.
tg + 1
1 + ctg 1 + 1
tg
tg
2

776.

 +  VLQ FRV

1 + 2 sin cos
=
sin + 2 sin cos + cos 2

VLQ + FRV
1 + 2 sin cos
=1.
=
1 + 2 sin cos


53

[
\

VLQ

FRV  + 
VLQ

WJ

+

VLQ

+ VLQ 
VLQ

+

WJ



FRV

2 sin 2
=2.
sin 2




VLQ

=cos +sin =1.


 + VLQ  VLQ
(1 + sin )(1 sin )
]

=
=
FRV
FRV
cos 2
2

 VLQ
FRV

FRV

FRV

=1.

777.
Z VLQ+cos)22sin cos=sin2+2sin cos+cos2
2sin cos=sin2+cos2=1.
2 sin 2 cos 2 2 (sin 2 + cos 2 ) 2 1 
[
=
=
= .
3

3 sin 2 + 3 cos 2
3(sin 2 + cos 2 )
4
4
2
2
2
2 2
2
\ VLQ +cos +2sin cos =(sin +cos ) =1 =1.

FRV
=
VLQ FRV
=sin2+cos2=1.
]

VLQ

VLQ

FRV VLQ + FRV


=
VLQ FRV


778.

Z WJ ) cos+sin=tg cos+sin=

cos sin
+ sin=
cos

=sin+ sin=0.
ctg ( ) sin
ctg sin
cos sin
=
=
[
=1.
cos
cos
sin cos
\ FRV2 tg2()1=cos2tg21=
FRV VLQ
1=sin21= cos2.
=
FRV
VLQ
+
 WJ
 + WJ
FRV
]
=
=
=
VLQ + FRV
VLQ + FRV
VLQ + FRV
(cos + sin )
1
=
.
=

cos (sin
cos ) cos


54

779.

Z FWJ sin()cos()=

FRV VLQ
VLQ

cos=

=coscos=2cos.

 VLQ


FRV

= FRV =cos x.
FRV
FRV

 VLQ

\ WJ ) ctg+sin2=tg ctg+sin2=sin21=cos2.
tg ( x ) + 1 tgx + 1 1 tgx 1 tgx
=
=
=
]
=tgo.
tgx 1
1 ctgx
1 ctgx 1 1
tgx
tgx
780.
cos x
cos x
cos x(1 + sin x) + cos x(1 sin x)
+
=
=
1 sin x 1 + sin x
(1 sin x)(1 + sin x)
FRV [ + FRV [ VLQ [ + FRV [ FRV [ VLQ [
 FRV [

=
.
=
=
FRV [
FRV [
 VLQ [

FRV
 + VLQ

+tg=

FRV
VLQ
+
=
 + VLQ FRV

1
cos + sin + sin 2
1 + sin
=
=
.
(1 + sin ) cos
(1 + sin ) cos cos
2

\
=

WJ  +cos2= tg 2 1 + cos 2 tg 2 + cos 2 =


tg 2 + 1
WJ + 


tg 2 sin 2 + sin 2
sin 2
=
= sin 2 .
1
2
tg 2 + 1
cos
cos 2

sin 3 + cos 3
+sin cos=
sin + cos

(sin cos )(sin 2 sin cos + cos 2 )


+sin cos=
(sin + cos )
=sin2sin cos+cos2+sin cos=sin2+cos2=1.

781.
Z (cos2sin2)=sin2+cos2 cos2+sin2=2 sin2.
|sin| sin21; l_  VLQ2
55

[  sin cos tg=1

VLQ FRV VLQ


FRV

|cos| FRV2

\ FRV2 tg2+5 cos21=

FRV VLQ


FRV


=1 sin2=cos2.

+5 cos21=

=sin21+5 cos2=cos2+5cos2=4 cos2.


2
2
FRV  ; cos 1 l_ FRV 

] VLQ+3 sin2+3 cos2=sin+3(sin2+cos2)=sin+3.


|sin| VLQ+3

782.
sin+cos=0,8; ( sin+cos)2=0,82=0,64;
sin2+2sin cos+cos2=0,64; 2sin cos=0,641=0,36;
sin cos=0,18.

783.
tg+ctg=2,3; (tg+ctg)2=2,32=5,29;
tg2+2 tg ctg+ctg2=5,29;
tg2+ctg2=5,292=3,29.

784.

Z WJ +ctg)2(tg ctg)2=tg2+2tgctg+ctg2tg2+
+2tgctgctg2=4tgctg=4;
[ VLQ)(2sin)+(2+cos) (2cos)=4sin2+4cos2=
=4+4(sin2+cos2)=4+41=7;
VLQ
cos
sin
\ FWJ +
=
+
=
sin 1 + cos
 + FRV
cos + cos 2 + sin 2
cos + 1
1
=
=
=
;
(1 + cos ) sin
sin (1 + cos ) sin
]
=

1 2sin x cos x sin 2 x + cos 2 x 2 sin x cos x


=
=
sin x cos x
sin x cos x

(sin x cos x) 2
= sin x cos x.
(sin x cos x)

785.

Z VLQ+cos)2+(sincos)2=sin2+2sin cos+cos2+

56

+sin22sin

cos+cos2=2cos2+2sin2




1 sin cos
=
=ctg2=  ;
1 cos 2 sin 2
WJ
\ VLQ4cos4=(sin2 cos2)(sin2+cos2)=sin2cos2;
ctg
ctg
ctg
1
=
=
=
+ 1 = cos 2 .
]
2
1
ctg + tg ctg +
ctg + 1 ctg 2
ctg
ctg

786.
VLQ  FRV VLQ FRV  + FRV VLQ + VLQ 
=
=
 + VLQ FRV
 + VLQ FRV
(cos sin )(1 + cos sin )
=
= cos sin ;
(1 + sin cos )
[ WJ)2+(1tg)2=1+2tg+tg2+12tg+tg2=
2
=2(1+tg2)=
;
cos 2
cos
cos
cos (1 + sin ) cos (1 sin )

=
=
\
1 sin 1 + sin
(1 + sin )(1 sin )
FRV + FRV VLQ FRV + FRV VLQ
 FRV VLQ
=
=
=


 VLQ
FRV
sin
= 2
= 2tg;
cos
tg + tg
tg + tg
tg + tg
]
=
=
= tg tg .
1
1
tg + tg
ctg + ctg
+
tg tg
tg tg
2
2
2
2
2
^ VLQ cos cos sin =sin (1sin2)sin2(1sin2)=
=sin2sin2sin2sin2+sin2sin2=sin2sin2;
_ FRV2cos2sin2sin2=cos2(1sin2)sin2(1cos2)=
=cos2cos2sin2sin2+sin2cos2=cos2sin2.

FRV

787.

Z VLQ+sin)(sinsin)(cos+cos)(coscos)=
=(sin2sin2)(cos2cos2)=sin2sin2cos2+cos2=
=(sin2+cos2)(sin2cos2)=11=0;
[ FWJ2cos2=

cos 2
cos 2 sin 2 cos 2
2

=
=

cos
sin 2
sin 2
57

cos 2 (1 sin 2 )
sin
2

FRV

VLQ


cos 2

FWJ WJ

sin
2

cos 2 = ctg 2 cos 2 ;

= FRV VLQ 

FRV
VLQ

VLQ

FRV

sin 2 cos 2
=
cos 4 sin 4
(cos 2 sin 2 )(sin 2 cos 2 )
sin 2 cos 2
=
=
= sin2 cos2;
2
2
2
2
1
(cos + sin )(cos sin )

= FRV VLQ

  VLQ

FRV 

VLQ + FRV
  VLQ

+ VLQ FRV =

FRV 

+  VLQ FRV =

+  VLQ FRV + FRV
  VLQ FRV  +  VLQ FRV
=
+ VLQ FRV =
 +  VLQ FRV
= 1 2 sin cos + 2sin cos = 1.

VLQ

788.
Z sin cos tg= 
LZd dZd VLQ



VLQ FRV VLQ


FRV
2

=  VLQ 

lh  sin =10,72=10,49=0,51.

[ FRV4+sin2 cos2=cos2(cos2+sin2)=cos2 =
LZd dZd WJ



lh

1
1 + tg
2

1
1+ 2

1
.
1 + tg 2

1
.
5

789.

sin
sin
sin (1 cos ) + sin (1 + cos )
+
=
=
1 + cos 1 cos
(1 + cos )(1 cos )
sin (1 cos + 1 + cos ) 2 sin
2
=
.
=
=
2
2
1 cos
sin sin

LZd dZd VLQ =

790.




lh

2
1
= 2 : = 16 .
sin
8

Z FRV =cos(42+0,5)=cos0,5=0.
58

[ WJ=tg(42+)=tg=0.
\ VLQ 3,5)=sin3,5=sin(2+1,5)=sin1,5=(1)=1.
] ctg

= ctg 2 + = ctg = 1.
4
4
4

1
19
19

= cos 6 + = cos = .
^ cos
= cos
3 2
3
3
3

791.

Imklv ^ebgZ [hevrh]h dZl_lZ x ^f Z ^ebgZ f_gvr_]h y ^f


Ih mkeh\bx aZ^Zqb om  b x+4)2+(m8)2=x2+m2 ih l_hj_f_ IbnZ]hjZ  Ihemqbf kbkl_fm mjZ\g_gbc
y = x 5

( x + 4) 2 + ( x 13) 2 x 2 + ( x 5) 2
y = x 5
2
x + 8 x + 16 + x 2 26 x + 169 = x 2 + x 2 10 x + 25
y = x 5
x = 20

8 x = 160 y = 20 5 = 15

Hl\_l  ^f b ^f
792.

Imklv ^ebgu dZl_lh\ o kf b m kf Lh]^Z ih mkeh\bx aZ^Zqb


2
2
2
2
 b o23) +(m11) =o +m ih l_hj_f_ IbnZ]hjZ  Ihemqbf
kbkl_fm mjZ\g_gbc

o+ m

x + y = 79,

( x + 23) 2 + ( y 11) 2 = x 2 + y 2 ;
x = 79 y,

(102 y ) 2 + ( y 11) 2 = (79 y ) 2 + y 2


x = 79 y

10404 204 y + y 2 + y 2 22 y + 121 = 6241 158 y + y 2 + y 2


x = 79 y x = 16

68 y = 4284 y = 63
59

Hl\_l kf b kf


793.

<hkihevam_fky nhjfmeZfb ijb\_^_gby

Z VLQ = FRV.


FRV

WJ

+ = VLQ .

= FWJ.

] FWJ +)=ctg.
^ FRV )=cos.
_ VLQ +)=sin.
` WJ  )=tg.
a VLQ +)=sin.
b FWJ  )=ctg.
d FRV )=sin.
e VLQ )=cos.
f WJ +)=ctg.

794.

VLQ

FRV

+ = FRV .




= VLQ .

\ WJ +)=tg.
] FRV +)=cos.
^ FWJ )=ctg.
_ VLQ +)=sin.
` VLQ +)=sin.
a FRV +)=sin.
b WJ =)=ctg.

795.
60

Z VLQ  VLQ  cos40; cos 130=


=cos(90+40)=sin40; tg 130=tg(90+40)=
=ctg40; ctg 130=ctg(90+40)=tg400.
[ VLQ =sin(180+10)=sin10; cos 190=
=cos(180+10)=cos10; tg190=tg(180+10)=tg10;
ctg190=ctg(180+10)=ctg 10.
\ VLQ 320)=sin(320)=sin(36040)=
=(sin40)=sin40; cos(320)=cos(320)=
=cos(36040)=cos40; tg(320)=tg(320)=
=tg(36040)=(tg40)=tg40; ctg(320)=
=ctg(320)=ctg(36040)=(ctg40)=ctg40.
] VLQ 590)=sin(360230)=sin(230)=
=sin(180+50)=sin50; cos(590)=cos(230)=
=cos(180+50)= cos50; tg(590)=tg50;
ctg (590)=ctg50.

796.

Z FRV =cos(0,5+0,2)=sin0,2.
[ FWJ 0,6)=ctg0,6=ctg(0,5+0,1)=tg0,1.
\ VLQ =sin(20,4)=sin0,4.

] WJ =tg1,8=tg(20,2)=(tg0,2)=tg0,2.


797.

Z WJ=tg(90+47)=ctg47.
[ VLQ 178)=sin178=sin(1802)=sin2.
\ VLQ=sin(72040)=sin40.
] FRV 1000)=cos1000=cos(900+100)=cos100=
=cos(90+10)=sin10.

798.

<hkihevam_fky nhjfmeZfb ijb\_^_gby


2

;
= sin = sin =
Z sin
3
3
3
2

cos

1
2

= cos = cos = ;
3
3
3
2

61

= tg = tg = 3 ;
3
3
3

tg
FWJ




[ sin
cos
tg

= FWJ = FWJ =






;
= sin = sin =
4
4
4
2

2
3

;
= cos = cos =
4
2
4
4

= tg = tg = 1;
4
4
4

FWJ




\ sin

FWJ

5
1

= sin = sin = ;
6
6
6 2

3
5

;
= cos = cos =
6
6
6
2

cos
tg

= FWJ = FWJ = 



;
= tg = tg =
6
6
6
3




= FWJ = FWJ =





799.
Z VLQ=sin(180+60)=sin60=




[ FRV 210)=cos(210)=cos(180+30)=cos30=
\ WJ =tg(36060)=tg60=

] Vin 330=sin(270+60)=cos60=




.
1
.
2

^ FWJ 225)=ctg 225=ctg(180+45)=ctg 45=1.


62

_ VLQ =sin(36045)=sin 45=

800.
Z FRV=cos(18060)=cos60=

1
.
2

[ VLQ 150)=sin150=sin (90+60)=cos60=

1
.
2

\ WJ 225)=tg225=tg(27045)=ctg45=1.
] FRV 225)=cos225=cos(27045)=sin45=
^ FRV
_ sin




7
3

= cos + = cos =
.
6
6
6
2

4
3

= sin + = sin =
.
3
3
3
2

801.

Z sin = sin = cos .


2
2

[ FRV )=cos()= cos.


\ FWJ 360)=ctg(360)=(ctg)=ctg.
] WJ +270)=tg(270)=ctg.

802.
3

= ( cos ) = cos .
Z VLQ
= sin
2

3
3

= sin .
[ FRV
= cos
2

\ WJ 2)=tg(2)=tg .

803.

Z VLQ2(+)=(sin)2=sin2.

2
[ tg 2 + = ( ctg ) = ctg 2 .
2

63

2
\ cos 2 = ( sin ) = sin 2 .
2

] FWJ2(2)=(ctg )2=ctg2.

804.

Ba l_hj_fu h kmff_ m]eh\ lj_m]hevgbdZ


:+<+K=180 hldm^Z ke_^m_l
$ + % = VLQ  & = sin(90 C ) = cos C .
VLQ
2
2



805.
++=180; +=180;
tg(

+





, hldm^Z

.+
180 


) = tg(
) = tg(90 ) = ctg .
2
2
2
2

806.

Z VLQ )+cos(180+)+tg(270+)+ctg(360+)=
=cos+(cos)+(ctg)+ctg=0.

[ VLQ + FRV( )+ WJ( )+ FWJ =




= cos cos( ) tg + ctg =


2

= cos ( cos ) tg + tg = 2 cos .

807.
Z

FRV FRV  +


VLQ VLQ  +

FRV

( FRV ) = FWJ

VLQ FRV

sin( + ) cos(2 )
sin cos
=
=
tg cos( cos )
tg ( ) cos( )
sin cos cos
=
= cos .
sin cos
VLQ FWJ
VLQ FWJ
\
=
=
FRV  WJ  +
FRV WJ
sin cos cos cos
=
=
= ctg .
cos sin sin sin

64

VLQ + VLQ + 

WJ + FRV( + )

VLQ FRV
VLQ VLQ
=
= FRV
WJ VLQ
VLQ

808.
Z VLQ2(180x)+sin2(270x)=sin2x+(cosx)2=sin2x+cos2x=1.

[ VLQ x) cos [ VLQ [ + cos(x)=sin xsin x





2
2
cos x ( cos x) = sin x+cos x=1.

809.

<hkihevam_fky nhjfmeZfb ijb\_^_gby

Z FRV2(+x)+cos2 + x = ( cos x ) 2 + ( sin x) 2 =


2

= FRV

[ + VLQ [

= 

[ VLQ +x)cos + [ FRV  + [ VLQ [ =





=sin x(sin x)cos x(cos x)=sin2x+cos2x=1.

810.


+

WJ
= WJ FRV = tg = tg 2 ;

Z
FRV +

FRV FWJ ctg
WJ
+


FWJ FRV 
VLQ


=
WJ + WJ + VLQ
VLQ

tg
sin
cos
=

=
tg (ctg ) ( sin )

FRV

WJ

FRV VLQ
FRV

= VLQ 

811.

Ih nhjfmeZf ijb\_^_gby


Z VLQ + FWJ +


+ VLQ + FWJ




= FRV WJ + VLQ + WJ =
65

cos sin
+ sin + tg = sin + sin + tg = tg ;
cos


[ FWJ  VLQ
=

FRV
1
1
= (ctg ) 2 + cos
= ctg 2 + 1 =
.
cos
sin 2
=

812.

Z  VLQ2+cos2=1; sin2=1cos2;
sin2=1(0,8)2=0,36; sin=



= lZd dZd

< <  lh
2

,, q_l\_jlb agZqbl VLQ >  ihwlhfm sin=0,6.


FRV


 FWJ =    = =  
2) FWJ =
VLQ


1
1
[  WJ2=
;
; cos 2 =
1 + tg 2
cos 2
cos 2 =

1
1 + (5)

1
; cos =
26




LZd dZd

II q_l\_jlb agZqbl FRV  ihwlhfm cos =

< <
2

1
26
.
=
26
26

sin
; sin = tg cos ;
cos

  
=
VLQ = 




2) tg =

813.

sin3(1+ctg)+cos3(1+tg)=
VLQ
FRV

=sin3  +
=
+ FRV +
VLQ
FRV
=sin3+sin2cos+cos3+cos2sin=
=(sin+cos)(sin2sincos+cos2)+sincos(sin+cos)=
=(sin+cos)(sin2+cos2)=sin+cos.

814.

66

lh

Imklv o dfq wlh kdhjhklv kdhjh]h ih_a^Z Z m dfq kdhjhklv


lh\Zjgh]h ih_a^Z Ih mkeh\bx aZ^Zqb bf__f xy  LZd
75
q Z \j_fy ^\b`_gby lhdZd \j_fy ^\b`_gby kdhjh]h ih_a^Z
x
75
\Zjgh]h
q lh bf__f kbkl_fm mjZ\g_gbc
y
75 75 5
=

x 12
y
x 0,5 + y 0,5 = 75

x = 150 y

15
1
15
y 150 y = 12

x = 150 y

75
5
75
y 150 y = 12

x = 150 y

27000 180 y 180 y = 150 y y 2

m2=510m+27000=0
D=(510)2427000=152100

210 + 390
= 90 beb
2
210 390
y2 =
= 300 g_ ih^oh^bl ih kfukem
2
y2 =

y = 90
y = 90

x = 150 90 x = 60

Hl\_l  dfq dfq


815.
Imklv o dfq
mjZ\g_gb_

kdhjhklv ih_a^Z ihke_ __ m\_ebq_gby Ihemqbf

70
70 1

= ;
x 10 x 6
420x420x+4200=x2 10x;
x2 10x 4200=0;
D=102+4 
x=

10 + 16900
= 70; beb
2
67

x=

10 16900
= 60
2

g_ ih^oh^bl ih kfukem

Hl\_l  dfq
816.
<hkihevam_fky nhjfmeZfb dhkbgmkZ jZaghklb b kmffu
Z cos(
=

2
(cos + sin );
2

[
=

2
2

sin
cos +
sin =
) = cos cos + sin
=
4
4
4
2
2

FRV

+ = FRV

FRV VLQ

VLQ




FRV




VLQ

FRV

FRV

2
(cos sin );
2

<hkihevam_fky nhjfmeZfb kbgmkZ kmffu b jZaghklb


\
=

= VLQ FRV

+ FRV VLQ




VLQ +




2
(sin + cos );
2

]
=

VLQ +

VLQ

= VLQ FRV

FRV VLQ




VLQ




2
(sin cos ).
2

817.
Z

sin( + ) = sin cos + cos sin = 1 cos + 0 sin = cos .


2
2
2
[ VLQ +)=sin cos+cos sin=0cos1sin=sin .
\ FRV )=cos cos+sin sin=1cos+0sin=cos.

68

]
3
3
3
+ ) = cos
cos(
cos sin
sin = 0 cos (1) sin = sin .
2
2
2

818.
Ih nhjfmeZf kbgmkZ b dhkbgmkZ jZaghklb
Z VLQ )=sin60 coscos60 sin=
[ FRV 30)=cos cos30+sin sin30=






FRV

FRV +




VLQ 




VLQ 

819.
Z VLQ=sin(45+60)=sin 45cos60+cos45sin60=
2 3
2 1
6+ 2

+
=
.
=
2 3
2 2
4
[ FRV=cos(45+60)=cos45cos60sin45sin60=
2 1
2 3
2 6

=
.
=
2 2
2
2
4

820.
<hkihevam_fky nhjfmeZfb kbgmkZ b dhkbgmkZ kmffu
Z VLQ=sin(45+30)=sin45cos30+cos45sin30=
2 3
2 1
6+ 2
=

+
=
2 2
2 2
4
[ FRV=cos(45+30)=cos45cos30sin45sin30=
2 3
2 1
6 2
.
=

=
2 2
2 2
4

821.
Z VLQ . VLQ. FRV 

VLQ. FRV

FRV. VLQ  VLQ. FRV

[ VLQ. VLQFRV .

VLQ. VLQFRV. FRVVLQ

. VLQ 

FRV. VLQ

FRV. FRV



69

\
=






FRV = VLQ FRV FRV VLQ FRV =






FRV

]
=

VLQ




VLQ




FRV =

VLQ + FRV

=








VLQ 

VLQ + FRV FRV

+ VLQ VLQ =


3
1
3
1
= 3 sin + cos .
sin + cos + sin
2
2
2
2

822.

+ FRV =

= 2 sin cos + 2 cos sin cos =


4
4

= 2

 VLQ

2
2
cos +
2 sin cos = cos + sin cos = sin .
2
2

 VLQ

VLQ =


2 cos sin sin =


4
4
2
2
= 2
sin
2 cos VLQ = VLQ FRV VLQ = FRV
2
2
= 2 sin cos

\ FRV


 VLQ =

=  FRV FRV + VLQ VLQ





 VLQ = FRV +

]
=

 VLQ

 FRV  FRV

 FRV  FRV FRV

70

 VLQ = 




FRV + 




VLQ

 VLQ = FRV

=


+ VLQ VLQ =



 FRV

 


FRV




VLQ =

 FRV

 FRV VLQ = VLQ 

823.

Ijbf_gy_f nhjfmeu kbgmkZ b dhkbgmkZ kmffu b jZaghklb


Z FRV . FRV. FRV FRV. FRVVLQ. VLQ cos FRV VLQ. VLQ
[ VLQ FRVVLQ .
\
=






+ VLQ = VLQ FRV + FRV VLQ VLQ =






VLQ

FRV +




FRV +

FRV

VLQ FRVVLQ. FRVFRV. VLQ FRV. VLQ

VLQ

+








VLQ =




FRV

VLQ = FRV FRV

VLQ +




VLQ




VLQ VLQ +





VLQ

FRV 

824.

Ijbf_gy_f nhjfmeu kbgmkZ b dhkbgmkZ kmffu b jZaghklb


Z FRV  VLQ . VLQ FRV FRV
VLQ. VLQVLQ. VLQ FRV. FRV
[ VLQ . VLQ . FRV 

FRV. VLQVLQ. FRV FRV. VLQ

VLQ. FRV

825.

Ijbf_gy_f nhjfmeu kbgmkZ b dhkbgmkZ kmffu b jZaghklb


Z VLQ . FRV . VLQ  VLQ. FRV
FRV. VLQFRV. VLQ VLQ. FRV
[ FRV . VLQ . VLQ  FRV. FRV
VLQ. VLQVLQ. VLQ FRV. FRV

826.

Ijbf_gy_f nhjfmeu kbgmkZ b dhkbgmkZ kmffu b jZaghklb


D FRV  FRV VLQ  VLQ FRV  FRV 
6) sin3 coscos3 sin=sin(3)=sin2.

827.

Ijbf_gy_f nhjfmeu kbgmkZ b dhkbgmkZ kmffu b jZaghklb


71

Z FRVcos17+sin107sin17=cos(10717)=cos90=0;
[ FRVcos24sin36sin24=cos(36+24)=cos60=




\ VLQcos27+cos63sin27=sin(63+27)=sin90=1.
] VLQ  cos21cos51sin21=sin(5121)=sin30=




828.
Z FRVcos63+sin18sin63=cos(1863)=cos(45)=




6) cos 32 cos 58sin 32 sin 58=cos(32+58)=cos90=0.

829.

Z VLQ + cos + cos + sin =


6
6
6
6



= sin + + = sin 2 .
6
6



[ FRV + FRV VLQ + VLQ =





= cos + + = cos
= 0.
4
4
4

830.
Ih nhjfmeZf kbgmkZ kmffu b jZaghklb
Z VLQ . VLQ . VLQ FRV FRV . VLQ VLQ . FRV 
cos VLQ  VLQ . FRV 
[ FRV . FRV .
+sin VLQ  VLQ . VLQ 

FRV

\ FRV . FRV .

. FRV VLQ . VLQ cos FRV 

.VLQ  VLQ .
2 3
sin = 3 sin
cos60cos+sin 60 sin =2sin60sin=
2
] VLQ  )+sin(30+)=sin30 coscos30 sin+sin30cos+

72

FRV  FRV

1
+cos30 sin = 2 cos = cos .
2

831.
Ih nhjfmeZf kbgmkZ b dhkbgmkZ kmffu b jZaghklb
Z VLQ . VLQ .
VLQ . FRV FRV . VLQ 

. FRV FRV . VLQ 


. VLQ 
[ FRV +)cos(30)=cos30 cos sin30sin
1
cos30 cos sin30sin = 2 sin = VLQ .
2
VLQ

 FRV

832.
Z VLQ . VLQ . VLQ . FRV FRV . VLQ  VLQ . FRV 
2
2
2
2
2
2
FRV. VLQ  VLQ. FRV FRV. VLQ =sin a cos cos . VLQ
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
=sin . Osin  (1sin ) sin  VLQ .sin . VLQ sin 
+sin2. VLQ2  VLQ2 .sin2 

 FRV . FRV . FRV . FRV VLQ . VLQ  FRV . FRV 


2
2
2
2
2
2
VLQ . VLQ  FRV . FRV sin . VLQ  FRV . sin 
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
sin (1cos )=cos .sin  FRV .sin VLQ cos2. FRV2.sin2

833.
Z
=

VLQ + FRV VLQ

VLQ FRV
VLQ FRV

[
=

VLQ + FRV VLQ

VLQ FRV + FRV VLQ FRV VLQ


VLQ FRV FRV VLQ + FRV VLQ

=.

VLQ +  FRV VLQ


 FRV FRV FRV

VLQ FRV FRV VLQ +  FRV VLQ


 FRV FRV FRV FRV + VLQ VLQ
VLQ FRV + FRV VLQ
FRV FRV VLQ VLQ

VLQ +
FRV +

= WJ + 

834.

73

Z
=

FRV VLQ VLQ

FRV FRV VLQ VLQ + VLQ VLQ


FRV FRV + VLQ VLQ VLQ VLQ

[
=

FRV + + VLQ VLQ

FRV  VLQ VLQ


 VLQ FRV VLQ

FRV FRV + VLQ VLQ  VLQ VLQ

VLQ FRV + FRV FRV

FRV FRV

=.

 VLQ FRV VLQ FRV + FRV FRV


FRV FRV VLQ VLQ

FRV FRV

FRV +
VLQ +

=
= FWJ + .

835.

1) sin2+cos2=1; cos2=1sin2; cos2=


2

225
225
15
8
=1 =
=
; cos =
17
289
289
17

15
agZqbl FRV !  ihwlhfm cos =
.
17

lZd dZd

q_l\_jlb



2) sin2+cos2=1; sin2=1cos2; sin2=1 =
;



9
3
=
25
5
3
ihwlhfm sin = .
5
sin=

lZd dZd

Z VLQ +)=sin cos+cos sin=

 

 

60 24 84
.
+
=
85 85 85
74

15 4 8 3

=
17 5 17 5

60 24 36
.

=
85 85 85

\ FRV )=cos cos+sin sin=


=

q_l\_jlb agZqbl

 

[ FRV +)=cos cossin sin=


=

 
 


 

VLQ

>0,

32 45 77
.
+
=
85 85 85

836.
2

9
1) sin2+cos2=1; cos2=1sin2; cos2=1 =
41
1681 81 1600
=
=
;
1681
1681
1600
40
=
 lZd dZd ,, q_l\_jlb agZqbl
1681
41
40
ihwlhfm cos = .
41
cos =

FRV<0,


2) sin2+cos2=1; cos2=1sin2; cos2=1 =

1681 1600
81
81
9
=  lZd dZd ,9 q_l\_j=
; cos =
1681
41
1681
1681
9
lb agZqbl FRV! ihwlhfm cos =
.
41

 
3) sin(+) = sin cos+cos sin=
+
=
   
 +  
=
=
=.
=





75

837.

1) cos2 +sin2=1; cos2=1sin2;


2

25 16 9
9
3
4
; cos=
= ;
cos2= 1 =
=
25
5
5
25
25

lZd dZd ,, q_l\_jlb agZqbl FRV ihwlhfm cos =


2) sin2+cos2=1; sin2=1cos2;

3
.
5

64
8
289 225 64
15
=
= ;
sin2=1 =
; sin =
289
289
289
17
17
8
lZd dZd ,, q_l\_jlb agZqbl VLQ! ihwlhfm sin =
17
 


=
Z VLQ +)=sin cos+cos sin=
   
60 24
84
.
=

=
85 85
85
 

[ VLQ )=sin coscos sin=
+
=
 
 
60 24
36
=
+
= .
85 85
85
 

\ FRV )=cos cos+sin sin=
+
=
 
 
45 + 32 77
=
=
.
85
85
 
 
] FRV +)=cos cossin son =

=
 
 
45 32 13
=
=
.
85
85

838.

Ba l_hj_fu h kmff_ m]eh\ lj_m]hevgbdZ =180.


sin=sin(180 . VLQ . VLQ. FRVFRV. VLQ

839.


Imklv .  b m]eu lj_m]hevgbdZ


2

16
9
4
=
,
sin2+cos2 =1; cos2=1sin2, cos2=1 = 1
25 25
5
1

9
3
=  M]he hkljuc l_
25
5
3
wlhfm cos = .
5
+cos2=1,
2)
sin2
cos=

<

agZqbl

FRV>0 

cos2=1sin2

ih-

25 144
5
=
cos2=1 = 1
,
169 169
13
144
12
=  lZd dZd m]he hkljuc lh
169
13
12
.
cos! ihwlhfm cos =
13

<

cos=

agZqbl

3) ++=180; 180=1800(+),
cos(180(+))=cos(+)=sin sincos cos=
=

 

 

 










840.
Imklv .  b m]eu lj_m]hevgbdZ b imklv
cos=




 FRV

=180(+).




Ke_^h\Zl_evgh b

hklju_ m]eu Z

1 8
1
1) cos2+sin2=1, sin2=1cos2, sin2= 1 = 1 = ,
3
9 9

sin=
sin =

8
2 2
=
9
3

gh

<

VLQ!

agZqbl

2 2
.
3
2

4 5
2
2) cos2+sin2=1, sin2=1cos2, sin2=1 1 = ,
9 9
3

ihwlhfm

5
5
=
9
3

sin=

<

gh

VLQ !

agZqbl

ihwlhfm

5
.
3

sin =

3) sin=sin(180(+))=sin(+)=sin cos+cos sin=


  


 

  + 
=
+
=
+
=
.


841.

<hkihevam_fky nhjfmehc lZg]_gkZ kmffu


tg(+)=

WJ + WJ
 WJ WJ







 

 + 





 
 

= .


 

842.
Z WJ=tg(4530)=

3 3
3+ 3

WJ WJ
 + WJWJ

+







(3 3 )
12 6 3
=
= 2 3 ;

9 3
6
2

tg30 + tg45
=
[ WJ=tg(30+45)=
1 tg30tg45

3
+1
3
=
3
1
1
3

( 3 + 3) = ( 3 + 3) = 3 + 6 3 + 9 =
9=3
3(3 3 ) (3 3 )(3 + 3 )
2

843.
tg()=tg(+())=

 +  


=+

tg. + tg( 
tg. tg
=
.
1 tgtg(- ) 1 + tgtg

844.
3

 + 





[ WJ )=
=

 





WJ + WJ

   
; tg(+)= +   =
 WJWJ
   
 
=
=.


Z WJ +)=

WJ WJ
 + WJDWJ

 





   
; tg()=   + =
   

845.
Z VLQ=sin(360+120)=sin120=sin(90+30)=cos30=
[ FRV 570)=cos570=cos(540+30)=cos30=
\ WJ 750)=tg750=tg(720+30)=tg30=
] FWJ







FWJ 54045)=ctg45=1.

846.
FRV + VLQ


=
FWJ VLQ FRV

FRV

+ VLQ  +  VLQ FRV 


=
FRV
VLQ FRV
VLQ

2 sin cos
2 sin 2 cos
=
=
cos sin 2 cos cos (1 sin 2 )
sin


VLQ
 VLQ FRV
=
=
=  WJ  .



FRV FRV
FRV

847.
Z

FRV

VLQ

 FWJ

cos + sin
= sin .
=
sin + cos
sin
4

FRV + VLQ
 + FWJ

FRV + VLQ
+

FRV
VLQ




[ WJ )ctg+
=  + WJ  =

WJ = WJFWJ WJ WJ =
FWJ


FRV

848.
Z x+4)(x+5) 5 7;
x2+4x+5x+20 57;
x2+9x+8 0.
GZc^_f dhjgb mjZ\g_gby: o2+9x+8=0;
D=92418=8132=49;
9 + 49
9 49
x=
= 1 beb o
= 8 .
2
2
x2+9x+8=(x+1)(x+8)0.
Hl\_l: 8x1.
[ (2x+1,5)(4x)0;
6(8x+62x21,5x)0;
68x6+2x2+l,5x0;
2x26,5x0.
GZc^_f dhjgb mjZ\g_gby x26,5x=0; x(x3,25)=0;
x

beb x=3,25=  .


2x26,5x=2(x0)(2  )0,


Hl\_l [0 beb x   .


849.

Imklv o q \j_fy jZ[hlu i_j\h]h Z\lh]jmaqbdZ Z m q \j_fy


\lhjh]h Lh]^Z ih mkeh\bx bf__f om  AZ  q i_j\uc Z\lh]jmaqbd ^_eZ_l

qZklv jZ[hlu Z \lhjhc

qZk hgb k^_eZxl

\kx jZ[hlm agZqbl

[ \
[ \

qZklv jZ[hlu <f_kl_ aZ

qZklv jZ[hlu Z aZ






q hgb k^_eZxl

Bf__f kbkl_fm mjZ\g_gbc

[ \ = 

 
[ + \  = 

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_
20
20
+
= 1;
y 9+ y
20o180+20o=o29o
o249o+180=0.
GZc^_f dhjgb
D=49241180=1681

x = 9 + y,

20
20
9 + y + y 1 = 0

y = x 9

1
1
x + x 9 20 = 1

49 + 1681 49 + 41
=
= 45
2
2
49 41
x2 =
=4
2
x1 = 45
x2 = 4
beb
g_ bf__l kfukeZ

y1 = 36
y2 = 5
x1 =

Hl\_l  q b  q
850.

<hkihevam_fky nhjfmeZfb ^\hcgh]h m]eZ


VLQ 
 VLQ FRV
Z
=  FRV 
=
VLQ
VLQ


 FRV
FRV
= FWJ .
=
=
VLQ 
 VLQ FRV
VLQ
 VLQ FRV
VLQ 
VLQ =
VLQ =  VLQ VLQ = VLQ .
\
FRV
FRV

 FRV

] FRV+sin2=cos2sin2+sin2=cos2.
^ FRV2cos2=cos2(cos2sin2)=cos2cos2+sin2=sin2.
_


FRV VLQ
FRV 
FRV =
FRV =
FRV + VLQ
FRV + VLQ
cos 2 sin 2 cos 2 sin cos sin (sin + cos )
=
=
=
cos + sin
cos + sin
= sin .
6

851.

Ih nhjfmeZf ^\hcgh]h m]eZ


sin 40 sin 2 20 2 sin 20 cos 20
Z
=
=
= 2 cos 20 .
sin 20
sin 20
sin 20
sin 100 sin 2 50 2 sin 50 cos 50
=
=
= 2 sin 50 .
[
cos 50
cos 50
cos 50
cos(2 40)
cos 80
=
=
\
cos 40 + sin 40 cos 40 + sin 40
cos 2 40 sin 2 40 (cos 40 + sin 40)(cos 40 sin 40)
=
=
cos 40 + sin 40
cos 40 + sin 40
= cos 40 sin 40 .
=

]
=

cos 36 + sin 2 18 cos(2 18) + sin 2 18


=
=
cos 18
cos 18

cos 2 18 sin 2 18 + sin 2 18 cos 2 18


=
= cos 18 .
cos 18
cos 18

852.

Bkihevam_f nhjfmeu ^\hcgh]h m]eZ


VLQ 
 VLQ FRV
FRV
Z
=
=
= FWJ .


VLQ
VLQ
VLQ
sin 2
2 sin cos 2 sin cos
cos =
=0.
2 sin
2 sin
\ VLQ2+cos2=sin2+cos2sin2=cos2.


FRV VLQ
FRV 
]
VLQ =
VLQ =
FRV VLQ
FRV VLQ
cos 2 sin 2 sin cos + sin 2 cos (cos sin )
=
=
= cos .
cos sin
cos sin

853.

1) sin2+cos2=1; cos2=1sin2; cos2=


12

 

; lZd dZd ,, q_l\_jlb
=1  =
=
 cos=
13



12
agZqbl FRV  ihwlhfm cos = .
13

2) tg=

VLQ
FRV

WJ =




3) sin2=2sin cos=2
cos2=cos2sin2=

tg2=

 WJ
 WJ











 



; tg2=




















 
 









= 



;




854.
1) tg2=

 WJ
 WJ

2) 1+tg2=

; tg2=

1
cos
2




 



; cos 2 =

 
 

1
1 + tg
2



=

; cos2=

+

 



16
16
4
; cos=
=  lZd dZd ,,, q_l\_jlb agZqbl
25
5
25
4
ihwlhfm cos = .
5
sin



3) tg=
; sin = tg cos ; sin= = .
cos




FRV<0,

4) cos2=cos2sin2; cos2=

 



5) sin2=2sin cos; sin2=2







 






 










855.
 Imklv m]eu ijb hkgh\Zgbb jZ\gh[_^j_ggh]h lj_m]hevgbdZ Z m]he ijb \_jrbg_  Lh]^Z =180. ih l_hj_f_ h kmff_
m]eh\ lj_m]hevgbdZ

2) sin2+cos2=1; sin2=10,82=0,36; sin = 0,36 ; sin=0,6;

lZd dZd <  agZqbl VLQ> ihwlhfm sin=0,6.




3) sin=sin(180. VLQ.  VLQ. FRV. 0,60,8=0,96;


cos=cos(180. FRV. VLQ2.cos2. 20,82=0,360,64=0,28.

856.
Ba hkgh\gh]h ljb]hghf_ljbq_kdh]h lh`^_kl\Z
1) sin2+cos2=1; sin2=1cos2; sin2=1(0,6)2=1
0,36=0,64; sin=  =0,8.
LZd dZd ,,, q_l\_jlb agZqbl sin ihwlhfm sin=0,8.
VLQ

8 4
= ;
FRV
6 3
 VLQ.  VLQ. FRV. VLQ. (0,8)(0,6)=0,96.
4) cos2=cos2sin2; cos2=(0,6)2(0,8)2=0,360,64=0,28.
4
2
 WJ
3 = 8 9 = 24 = 3 3 .
5) tg2=
; tg2=

2
37
7
7
 WJ
4
1
3

2) tg=

; tg=0,8 : (0,6)=

857.

<hkihevam_fky nhjfmeZfb ^\hcgh]h m]eZ

Z VLQ=sin  =  VLQ FRV ;




cos=cos 
tg=tg 


FRV

 WJ
 WJ




VLQ

[ VLQ=sin22=2sin2 cos2;
cos4=cos22=cos22sin22 ;
 WJ

tg4 =tg22=

 WJ

858.
9

VLQ

 FRV

 FRV

VLQ 

FRV 

FRV

FRV 

+ VLQ

 VLQ

FRV

FRV

+ VLQ

FRV

FRV

= WJ

=  VLQ  .

FRV 

VLQ
FRV

 VLQ  FRV 

FRV 

 FRV

VLQ  

FRV

VLQ 

VLQ 
+ VLQ

cos + sin cos sin

2
2
2
2
=
= cos sin .

2
2

cos + sin
2
2

]
=

FRV  VLQ 

FRV 

FRV  VLQ 
FRV  

FRV  VLQ 


FRV  VLQ 

cos 2 sin 2
1
=
.
(cos 2 + sin 2 )(cos 2 sin 2 ) cos 2 + sin 2

859.
1) sin2

+ cos 2 = 1; cos 2 = 1 sin 2 ;


2
2
2
2
2

cos 2

1600
1600
40
9
=1 =
=
; cos =
2
1681
2
1681
41
42

40
> 0  ihwlhfm cos =
.

2
2 41

   
=
;
2) VLQ = VLQ  =  VLQ FRV =



 


LZd dZd

3)

FRV

4) tg =

860.
10

, q_l\_jlb agZqbl cos

= FRV 

= FRV 

VLQ 




= =
;




sin 720 1519 720


.
:
=
=
cos 1681 1681 1519

<hkihevam_fky nhjfmeZfb ^\hcgh]h m]eZ


 VLQ FRV 
VLQ   VLQ
 VLQ FRV  VLQ
Z
=
=
=
FRV 
FRV 
FRV 
=2sin.
[

cos 2 cos 2 cos 2 sin 2 cos 2 sin 2


=
=
=1.
1 cos 2
sin 2
sin 2

\ VLQ ctg1=

 VLQ FRV FRV


VLQ

1=2cos21=

=2cos2sin2cos2=cos2sin2=cos2 .
FRV
VLQ
+
] FWJ+tg) sin2 =
 VLQ FRV =
VLQ FRV
=2cos2+2sin2=2(cos2+sin2)=2.

861.
Z  WJ sin2 +cos2 =

VLQ  VLQ FRV


 FRV

=sin2 +cos2=1.

+cos2 =

sin 2
2 sin cos
2 sin cos
=
=
=
cos 2 + sin 2 cos 2 sin 2 + sin
cos 2
VLQ
=
= WJ .
FRV

862.

Ih nhjfmeZf ^\hcgh]h m]eZ


Z VLQcos15=sin215=sin30=
[ VLQ




4 2

=2 2.
cos = 4 sin =
2
8
8
4

\ VLQcos105=
=

sin210=







(2sin105cos105)=

sin(180+30)=




sin30=

] FRV2 15sin2 15=cos215=cos30=


^ FRV2




sin2105=

1 1
1
= .
2 2
4


4 sin 2 = 4 cos 2 sin 2 =


8
8
8
8

11

=  FRV

=

_ cos 2

=

7
7
7
7
sin 2
= cos 2
= cos
=
12
12
12
6

= FRV + = FRV =






863.
<hkihevam_fky nhjfmehc lZg]_gkZ ^\hcgh]h m]eZ
Z

[
\
=

WJ


 WJ 

= WJ  = WJ .

2 3
4tg15
2tg15
= 2
= 2 tg2 15 = 2tg30 =
.
2
2
3
1 tg 15
1 tg 15
WJ

 WJ 

WJ

  WJ 




WJ 




WJ

1
1
1
3
=
.
tg(90 + 60) = ctg60 =
2
2
6
2 3

864.
Z VLQcos165=sin2165=sin330=sin(36030)=
=sin30=




[ FRV2 75sin2 75=cos275=cos150=cos(18030)=


=cos30=




2tg 240
1 tg 2 240

= tg 2 240 = tg 480 = tg (360 + 120) = tg120 =

=tg(90+30)=kWJ=

12

865.
Z

2
2
2tg
=
= 2
= 2tg cos 2 =
tg + ctg tg + 1
tg + 1
tg

2 sin cos 2
= 2 sin cos = sin2 .
cos
VLQ 
[ tg2)cos2 = 
FRV  =

FRV

=cos2 sin2 =cos2 .





\  +
VLQ  =
VLQ FRV 

sin 2 2
1
sin 2 2
4

VLQ

FRV

+ VLQ  VLQ  
=


VLQ FRV

=4.

FRV

 VLQ FRV =





= sin cos = cos sin = 2 sin cos =
2
2 2
2
2
2 2 2 2
=

1
sin .
2

 FRV

= 2 cos

+


 VLQ 

+


+
+
=  FRV 
VLQ 
=




= 2 cos + = 2 sin .
2
2
2 2
 WJ

 WJ




 

= 

 WJ
 WJ




 

=  WJ




=2tg(3)=2tg()=2tg.

866.

Z  VLQ.FRV. 2=1sin2 .cos2 . VLQ FRV. VLQ.


[ FRV4 .sin=(cos2 .sin2 . FRV2 .VLQ2 FRV.
13

FRV

\ FWJsin2 =
=

FRV   VLQ
VLQ

FWJ

WJ

 FRV

 VLQ

FRV

VLQ

 VLQ FRV =

FRV
VLQ

FRV

VLQ

VLQ

 FRV

VLQ

FRV

FRV  = FWJ FRV  ;

FRV  VLQ

VLQ

FRV

FRV

VLQ

VLQ 
FRV

= FWJ .

867.

Z VLQ.FRV. 2VLQ.

.FRV2.VLQ. FRV.VLQ. FRV.


[ VLQ. FRV.FRV. VLQ.FRV. VLQ.
VLQ

\ VLQtg=2sincos
=

VLQ

FRV

 VLQ FRV

VLQ

FRV

sin (2 cos 2 1) sin


=
cos 2 = tgcos2;
cos
cos

FRV VLQ

] FWJtg) sin2 =
VLQ  =
VLQ FRV
cos sin
2
2
=

2 sin cos = 2 cos 2 sin = 2cos2.


sin cos

868.

=
sin
sin
2
2
2

= 4 sin cos ( cos ) = 2 2 sin cos cos =


2
2
2
2

=2sin cos=sin2.
Z 4 sin

(sin + cos ) 2 sin 2 + 2 sin cos + cos 2


=
=
1 + sin 2
1 + 2 sin cos
 +  VLQ FRV
=
= .
 +  VLQ FRV

14



FWJ
=
VLQ 

VLQ

VLQ

FRV

 VLQ FRV VLQ




FRV
FRV
+
]
VLQ  =
 + VLQ  VLQ

FRV  VLQ + FRV  + VLQ


 + VLQ  VLQ

VLQ 

cos sin cos + cos + cos sin


sin 2 =
1 sin 2

2 cos sin 2 2 cos 2 sin cos


=
= 4 sin .
1 sin 2
cos 2

869.
Z 4 cos

2 +
2 +


cos
cos
= 4 cos cos +
4
4
2
4
2 4

FRV + =  FRV VLQ FRV =








= 2 cos

2 cos sin =
2
4
4


WJ
=
[


FRV VLQ
 FRV

VLQ 

FRV 

 FRV

 FRV
FRV

VLQ

= VLQ .

VLQ

FRV

VLQ 

 FRV VLQ
FRV

VLQ 

= WJ .

1 + tg (1 tg )
1
1
2tg

=
=
= tg 2 .
1 tg 1 + tg (1 tg )(1 + tg) 1 tg 2

VLQ
VLQ
+
]
VLQ  =
 + FRV  FRV

=
=

VLQ  FRV + VLQ  + FRV


 + FRV  FRV

VLQ 

VLQ VLQ FRV + VLQ + VLQ FRV


 FRV

VLQ  =
15

 VLQ  VLQ FRV


VLQ

=  FRV .

870.

Ihevam_fky nhjfmeZfb ^\hcgh]h m]eZ


2
2
D FRV. FRV. OFRV .sin .
2
2
2
2
2
=sin 2+cos 2+cos 2sin 2=2cos 2.
[ FRV. cos2. cos2 .VLQ2.
=sin2 .VLQ2 .  VLQ2 .




 + FRV 
 + FRV VLQ
FRV + FRV
=
=
=
\
 FRV
 FRV
 FRV

 FRV
=
= FRV .
 FRV

1 cos 2 1 cos 2 + sin 2
 VLQ
VLQ
=
=
=
= WJ .
]
sin 2
2 sin cos
 VLQ FRV
FRV

VLQ  FRV
=  VLQ FRV = VLQ  .
^ WJ (1+cos2)=
FRV
 VLQ + VLQ 
 VLQ +  VLQ FRV
e)
=
=
 VLQ VLQ 
 VLQ  VLQ FRV

 FRV
 VLQ  + FRV

 + FRV

=
=
=
= FWJ  .

 VLQ  FRV
 FRV

 VLQ

+ VLQ  +  VLQ FRV


=

 + FRV  + VLQ 
 + FRV VLQ +  VLQ FRV

 VLQ VLQ + FRV
VLQ
 VLQ +  VLQ FRV
=
=
=
= WJ .

 FRV FRV + VLQ
FRV
 FRV +  VLQ FRV

 + VLQ


=  + FRV  =  FRV  = FRV  .
a

 FRV  + VLQ 

 FRV

871.
Z
[

16

VLQ 

 + FRV 
 FRV 
 VLQ

=
=

 VLQ FRV
 FRV

VLQ

FRV

= VLQ .
 VLQ

 VLQ

= WJ .

\ ctg (1 cos 2 ) =
]

 + FRV 

2 + cos 2 2 sin 2 2 2 cos 2 2


=
= 2 cos 2 .
cos 2
cos 2

VLQ 

 VLQ + 

 FRV 
 VLQ

^
=
=
= VLQ .
 VLQ
 VLQ
 VLQ

 FRV 
 + FRV +
 FRV

_
=
=
=

VLQ
VLQ
VLQ 
FRV

cos 2 sin 2
= 2 cos sin = sin 2 .
sin

 VLQ
 VLQ

FRV

VLQ
FRV

= WJ .


872.

 FRV


=  + FRV  =  + FRV =  + VLQ .




873.
 + FRV 

= FWJ  .
 FRV 
 VLQ


 FRV 
 VLQ
 VLQ 



[
= WJ  .
=
=

 + VLQ 


 + FRV 
 FRV

 FRV

874.
Z VLQx cosx=




, 2sinx cosx=

m]he kms_kl\m_l
[ VLQx cosx=




, 2sinx cosx=

m]eZ g_ kms_kl\m_l

875.

Z FRV .






, sin2x=

, sin2x=

FRV  . =FRV .






LZd dZd

LZd dZd






 

!

lh lZdhc

lh lZdh]h

cos.

 FWJ . FWJ  . FWJ . FWJ.

17

\ VLQ +)cos(
] WJ )sin(+

)=sinsin=sin2.

)=tgcos=

VLQ FRV
FRV

876.
Z

VLQ
WJ WJ

VLQ FRV FRV VLQ


VLQ

FRV

sin cos cos sin


=
sin cos sin cos
cos cos

FWJ + FWJ =
VLQ +

VLQ

FRV

FRV FRV .

FRV
VLQ

FRV
VLQ

VLQ FRV + FRV VLQ

cos sin + sin cos


sin sin
=
=
sin cos + cos sin


VLQ VLQ

877.
a) x(x+5)2x2+4;
x2+5x2x240;
x25x+40;
GZc^_f dhjgb mjZ\g_gby:
x25x+4=0;
D=524l4=2516=9;
x=

5+ 9
5 9
= 4 beb x =
= 1;
2
2

x25x+4=(x4)(x1)0.

Hl\_l [ beb x4
[ (2x1)(3x)l7x,
18

= sin.

10(6x32x2+x)17x;
106x+3+2x2x1+7x0;
2x2+120.

Wlh g_jZ\_gkl\h \uihegy_lky ijb ex[uo agZq_gbyo


2o2 b >0.

o

ld

878.

Imklv o q \j_fy jZ[hlu i_j\h]h k\ZjsbdZ Z m q \j_fy jZ[hlu \lhjh]h k\ZjsbdZ Lh]^Z ih mkeh\bx aZ^Zqb xm  AZ  q
i_j\uc k\Zjsbd k^_eZ_l
[hlu <f_kl_ aZ

qZklv jZ[hlu Z \lhjhc

q hgb k^_eZxl

hgb k^_eZxl \kx jZ[hlm agZqbl


mjZ\g_gbc
[ \ = 

 
[ + \  = 

qZklv jZ-

qZklv jZ[hlu Z aZ

 



q

Bf__f kbkl_fm

y = x 11,

30
30
x + x 11 = 1.

30
30
+
= 1;
x x 11
30o330+30o=o211o;
o271o+330=0
D=7124330=3721;

J_rbf mjZ\g_gb_

x1 =

71 + 3721
= 66 ;
2

71 3721
=5
2
x1 = 66 x2 = 5
g_ ih^oh^bl ih kfukem

y1 = 55 y2 = 6
x2 =

Hl\_l  q b  q
879.
19

Z VLQ+sin=2sin
[ VLQsin5=2sin

 +





=2sin2 cos3.

\ FRVx+cos3x=2cos

FRV

+ [


=  VLQ  FRV .

+ 

= 2sin(2) cos3=

FRV

[

[

=2cos2,5x cos0,5x.

\ + \
\ \
VLQ
] FRVycos3y=2sin
=2sin2y sin(y)=

=2cos

[


[

FRV

FRV

=2sin2y siny.

880.

Ihevam_fky nhjfmeZfb kmffu b jZaghklb kbgmkh\ b dhkbgmkh\


 + 
 
FRV
= 2sin28 cos12;
Z VLQ+sin16=2sin


[ VLQsin40=2cos
=2cos30sin10=2







] FRV+cos45=2cos

^ VLQ

e)

FRV

=  FRV
20

+ VLQ








+ FRV

FRV



sin10;

VLQ

 


 VLQ  ;

 + 


FRV

 + 


 FRV ;

=2cos30cos15=


 + 

VLQ 

 

VLQ

sin10=

\ FRVcos74=2sin
=2sin60sin14=2

 + 

=  VLQ






=  FRV



FRV

+






FRV

 VLQ







FRV



+


` FRV + FRV =  FRV





FRV
=  FRV FRV
=  FRV .





+



a VLQ + VLQ =  VLQ




+ +



FRV
=  VLQ FRV =  VLQ .


881.

Ih nhjfmeZf kmffu b jZaghklb kbgmkh\ b dhkbgmkh\


 + 
 
FRV
= 2sin16cos4.
Z VLQ+sin20=2sin


[ VLQsin32=2cos
\
]

FRV

VLQ



FRV

VLQ

^ VLQ +
=  FRV +

=  VLQ



=  FRV

VLQ

=  FRV

+






VLQ

VLQ

VLQ

= 2cos42sin10.



=  VLQ

e) FRV + FRV =  VLQ


=  VLQ

++

 



= FRV +

VLQ

 + 

VLQ

 FRV



VLQ






VLQ



++


VLQ

+


 VLQ .

21

882.

Ih nhjfmeZf kmffu b jZaghklb kbgmkh\ b dhkbgmkh\


a) sin15+cos65=sin15+cos(9025)=
 + 
 
FRV
= 2 sin20 cos5.
=sin15+sin25=2sin


6) cos40sin16=cos(9050)sin16=
 + 
 
VLQ
= 2 cos33 sin17.
=sin50sin16=2cos


\ FRVVLQ=cos50+sin(9010)=
 + 
 
FRV
=
=cos50+cos10=2cos


=2cos30 cos20=  FRV  .


] VLQcos40=sin40+sin(9050)=sin40sin50=
 + 
 
= 2sin5 cos45= 2 sin 5 .
FRV
=2sin


883.
a) cos18sin22=cos(9072)sin22=
 + 
 
VLQ
=
=sin72sin22=2cos


=2 cos47 sin25.

[ FRVVLQ

FRVVLQ 54)=

=cos36+cos54=2cos
=2cos45 cos9= 2

 + 


2
cos 9 $ =
2

FRV

 


 FRV 

884.
Z WJ+tg=
[ WJtg=

885.

VLQ

FRV
VLQ

FRV

VLQ

FRV
VLQ

FRV

=
=

VLQ FRV + VLQ FRV


FRV VLQ
VLQ FRV VLQ FRV
FRV FRV

=
=

VLQ +
FRV FRV
VLQ
FRV FRV

;
.

<hkihevam_fky nhjfmeZfb jZaghklb b kmffu kbgmkh\ b dhkbgmkh\


22

VLQ  +

Z WJ+tg=
[ WJtg=
=

 VLQ

FRV  FRV
VLQ 

FRV  FRV

\ FWJx+tg4x= WJ [ + WJ[ =


VLQ
+ [

FRV  [

=
=
=
VLQ  [ FRV  [

FRV
 [ FRV  [


WJ



+ WJ

VLQ


=



FRV
FRV


^ WJ




VLQ

=
FRV




WJ




VLQ

FRV

WJ

FRV  FRV




FWJ

FRV[

VLQ

FRV

= WJ

FRV







 VLQ

FRV





=;



=


FRV

WJ

FWJ[

FRV FRV




FRV FRV




 VLQ FRV

VLQ

FRV

VLQ

FRV 

FRV  FRV
VLQ 

FRV  FRV

VLQ 


WJ =
 

VLQ

FRV




FRV

23




 FRV
FRV



 
FRV


886.
a) sin2xsin2y=(sinxsiny)(sinx+siny)=
[\ [+ \ [+ \ [\

=  VLQ

FRV

VLQ

FRV

[ \ FRV [ \  VLQ

=  VLQ



= VLQ [ \ VLQ [ + \ .

[ + \ FRV [ + \ =


6) cos2 xcos2 m FRVxcosy)(cosxFRVm


[ + \ VLQ [ \ FRV [ + \ FRV [ \ =
=  VLQ


[ + \ FRV [ + \  VLQ [ \ FRV [ \ =

=  VLQ

= VLQ [ + \ VLQ [ \ .

887.

Z VLQx+cosy=sinx+sin \ =  VLQ


=  VLQ +


[+ \


[ + \
FRV

[ \ FRV [ + \ ;


[+\

[ FRVxsiny=sin [ VLQ \ =  FRV





[\
[+\
[\
VLQ 
=  VLQ
.
FRV






888.

24

 FRV

+ =

 FRV

FRV + VLQ

VLQ

2
= 2
cos +
sin = cos + sin .
2

 FRV

 FRV

FRV VLQ

VLQ

2
= 2
cos
sin = sin cos .
2

889.

Ih nhjfmeZf kmffu b jZaghklb dhkbgmkh\ b kbgmkh\


+




=
Z + FRV = FRV + FRV =  FRV
FRV


=  FRV +




=  FRV

FRV



VLQ

VLQ = VLQ



VLQ =  FRV

VLQ

\ 2 sin + 1 = 2(sin + ) = 2(sin + sin ) =


2
6
+





=   VLQ
FRV
=  VLQ + FRV


=   VLQ

+




]   FRV =  FRV =  FRV




VLQ

+  FRV = 







FRV =



=  VLQ + VLQ 


+ FRV =  FRV

+ FRV =

25

=   FRV

FRV

 VLQ

=   FRV

=  VLQ

+




=  FRV + FRV 

VLQ




=  FRV

VLQ

=  FRV

= VLQ VLQ

VLQ



FRV



=   FRV

=   VLQ

891.

VLQ

+


FRV

+ FRV =

FRV =  FRV



=  FRV + FRV 


 FRV = 

VLQ

FRV

=  FRV

\  +  FRV =  + FRV =  FRV




+ FRV =  FRV

VLQ

+ FRV = FRV

=  FRV

=  VLQ VLQ

890.


=  VLQ



+ FRV =

VLQ



Ih nhjfmeZf kmffu b jZaghklb kbgmkh\ b dhkbgmkh\


2 + 6
2 6
cos
2 sin
sin 2 + sin 6
2
2
Z
=
=
cos 2 + cos 6 2 cos 2 + 6 cos 2 6
2
2
26

sin 4 cos 2 sin 4


=
= tg 4;
cos 4 cos 2 cos 4

FRV  FRV 
FRV  + FRV 

VLQ  VLQ
FRV  FRV

 VLQ

 FRV

 + 


 + 


VLQ

FRV

 


 

= WJWJ

892.

<hkihevam_fky nhjfmeZfb kmffu b jZaghklb dhkbgmkh\ b kbgmkh\


+ 

 VLQ
FRV
VLQ + VLQ 


=
=
Z
+ 

FRV + FRV 
 FRV

FRV

sin 3 cos 2 sin 3


=
=
= tg3 ;
cos 3 cos 2 cos 3

VLQ

VLQ

VLQ  + VLQ

VLQ  VLQ



FRV

FRV




WJ

 VLQ

 VLQ

 +





FRV

FRV




 +

WJ

893.
Z

FRV  FRV 
VLQ  VLQ 

 VLQ
 FRV

 + 


 + 

sin 45 sin 23
=
= tg 45$ = 1.
cos 45 sin 23

VLQ

VLQ

 


 

27

VLQ  + VLQ 

FRV  + FRV 

 VLQ

 FRV

 + 

FRV

 + 

FRV

 


 


sin 120 cos 10


sin(90 + 30)
3 2
=
=
= 3.
cos 120 cos 10 cos(90 + 30)
2 1

894.

[ + VLQ  [ + VLQ [ + VLQ  [ = VLQ [ + VLQ  [ + 


[ +  [ FRV [  [ +
+ VLQ  [ + VLQ [ =  VLQ
Z

VLQ

+  VLQ

[ + [ FRV  [ [ =  VLQ [ FRV [ +

+  VLQ

[ FRV [ =  VLQ  [ FRV [ + FRV [ =

=  VLQ




[  FRV

[+[


FRV

[[



=  VLQ

[ FRV [ FRV [ 

\ FRV  \ FRV  \ + FRV  \ = FRV  \ FRV  \ + 


 \ \
 \ + \
+ FRV  \ FRV  \ =  VLQ

VLQ
[

FRV 

 VLQ

\ +  \ VLQ  \  \ =  VLQ  \ VLQ  \




 VLQ  \ VLQ  \ =  VLQ  \ VLQ  \ VLQ  \ =


=  VLQ  \  VLQ

895.
FRV

28

\  \ FRV  \ +  \ =  VLQ  \ VLQ \ FRV  \




[ + FRV  [ + FRV [ + FRV  [ = FRV [ + FRV  [ +

+ FRV  [ + FRV [ =  FRV


+  FRV

[ +  [ FRV [  [ +


[ + [ FRV  [ + [ =  FRV  [ FRV [ +




+  FRV  [ FRV  [ =  FRV  [ FRV [ + FRV  [ =

[  FRV  [ +  [ FRV  [ [ =




=  FRV  [ FRV [ FRV  [

 FRV 

896.
Z

VLQ  VLQ  VLQ  + VLQ 

= VLQ  VLQ  +

87 93
87 + 93
+
cos
2
2
61 59
61 + 59
+ 2 sin
= 2 sin 3 cos 90 +
cos
2
2
1
+ 2 sin 1 cos 60 = 0 + 2 sin 1 = sin 1;
2
[ FRV FRV  + FRV  + FRV  = FRV + FRV  +
+ (sin 61 sin 59) = 2 sin

115 + 65
115 65

cos
2
2
25 + 35
25 35
2 sin
= 2 cos 90 cos 25 +
sin
2
2
1
+ 2 sin 30 sin 5 = 0 + 2 sin 5 = sin 5.
2
+ (cos 25 cos 35) = 2 cos

897.
Z

VLQ  + VLQ  FRV 

=  VLQ

 + 


FRV  =  VLQ  FRV FRV  = 

FRV  + FRV  FRV 

=  FRV




FRV  VLQ + VLQ  +

 


FRV  FRV 

 + 

FRV  =  FRV  FRV  FRV  = 

898.

FRV





FRV

= 

 


FRV  FRV 

= 

= FRV  + VLQ VLQ =


29

= FRV  VLQ  + VLQ  = FRV  


[  VLQ FRV + VLQ  =
=   VLQ FRV VLQ  =

 VLQ VLQ

= VLQ 

899.
Z
=

 FRV 
VLQ + 

 VLQ

WJ + =  VLQ

FRV

FRV

[
=




 + FRV 

= 

FWJ + = VLQ  FWJ =


 FRV

 VLQ FRV FRV


 FRV


FWJ =
VLQ 

 VLQ FRV VLQ

VLQ

= 

900.

Z Lhqdb :  b H   ijbgZ^e_`Zl ijyfhc y=kx+b.


Bf__f kbkl_fm mjZ\g_gbc
 = N  + E
b = 0
b = 0
y=4,5x

k
2
,
7
b
:
0
,
6
=




=
N




+
E

k = 4,5
[ Lhqdb %  b &  ijbgZ^e_`Zl ijyfhc y=kx+b.
Bf__f kbkl_fm mjZ\g_gbc
 = N  + E
E = 
E = 

 = N  + E
N =   
N = 
MjZ\g_gb_ ijyfhc bf__l \b^ y = 1, 6 x + 4 .

901.
Z 
=
=

DE
D E


DE =
DE =
 DE
+
 D + E
D E D + E
 D + E

4ab + (a b) 2 4ab + a 2 2ab + b 2


=
=
2(a b)(a + b)
2(a b)(a + b)
(a + b) 2
a+b
=
;
2(a b)(a + b) 2(a b)
a+b
2a
b
ab
2)

+
=
= 1;
2( a b ) a + b b a a b
30

[ 
=

[ \

[ \
[ \

[

[ \

[ \ [ + \

x( x + y ) y ( x y )
x2 + y2
=
;
( x y) 2 ( x + y)
(x y)2 ( x + y)

[  [\  [  + \  =
[  + \  [ \  [ + \
[ [ \ [ + \ [  + \  = [ 
= 


[\
[ + \ [ \ [ + \
\ [ = \ [ = 

[\ [\ [\
2)

902.
Z Ijb =30 sincos2cos3=sin30cos230
cos330=







 = 

[ Ijb =45 sin2+tg2ctg=sin245+tg45


2ctg45=1+121=0;

\ Ijb =45 tg(90)+sin(45+)+cos(1802)=


=tg45+sin90+cos90=1+1+0=2.

903.
Z cos 60 + cos 45 =

1
2 1+ 2
+
=
> 1 \_jgh
2
2
2

[ sin 60 + cos 60 > 1 =

3 1
+ =
2
2

3 +1
> 1 \_jgh
2

904.
Ijb =30

sin 2
sin(15 + ) sin

31

sin 60
=
=
sin 45 sin 30
=

3
2 1

3
2
2 1

2
2

3 ( 2 + 1)
( 2 1)( 2 + 1)

=  = 

6+ 3
= 6 + 3;
2 1
 VLQ FRV

FRV + + FRV

 VLQ  FRV 
=
=
FRV  +  + FRV  







FRV  + FRV 

=


+



905.
Z tg 2 45cos30ctg 2 30 = 12

( 3 ) = 3 23 ;



WJ  + VLQ WJ + FRV 

+ 2 3 1+ 3 = 1 + 3 1+ 3 =
=

2
3
4

2
=

4 + 12 3 12 + 9 12 3 + 1
1
=
= 3+ ;
12
12
12




FWJ  + FRV VLQ  +
FWJ 

2

\
= 12 +

32

1 3
3 3 3
1 3 1

= 1 + + = 1.
2 2
4 3 3
2 4 4

906.

Ij_h[jZam_f ijZ\mx qZklv

2
2
3 2
1+
=
ctg 2 60(1 + sin 2 45) =
3 2





 

=  + =
= 




 Ij_h[jZam_f e_\mx qZklv
FRVWJ  =




 =




 =




907.
Z


WJ[ VLQ [ = VLQ [  sin2x ke_^h\Zl_evgh tgxsinx>0 \ , b ,9
FRV [

q_l\_jlyo
cosx
cosx
= sinx, ke_^h\Zl_evgh
> 0 \ , b ,I q_l\_jlyo
[
ctgx
ctgx
sin x cos x sin x
\ VLQxcosxtgx=
= sin2x0.
cos x

908.

Z sin170! agZqbl \ujZ`_gb_ bf__l kfuke


[ cos160 agZqbl \ujZ`_gb_ g_ bf__l kfukeZ
\ tg230! agZqbl \ujZ`_gb_ bf__l kfuke
] ctg340 agZqbl \ujZ`_gb_ g_ bf__l kfukeZ

909.
Z sin = sin , l_ sin>0 agZqbl , beb ,, q_l\_jlb
[ cos = cos  l_ cos<0 agZqbl

,,

beb ,,, q_l\_jlb

\ tg = tg , l_ tg>0 agZqbl , beb ,,, q_l\_jlb


] ctg = ctg , l_ ctg<0 agZqbl

,,

beb ,9 q_l\_jlb

910.
a) VLQ =  =

+  N N =

[ VLQ =  = N N =

33

\ VLQ =  =
] FRV =  =

+  N N =

+ N N =

^ FRV =  =  N N =
_ FRV =  = +  N N =

911.
Z  VLQ  2 2 sin 2 ;
1 1 + 2 sin 3.
[  FRV  3 3 cos 3;
   FRV 
\  VLQ  0 sin 1.
]  FRV  0 cos 1.
^  FRV 
4 4 sin 4; 1 3 + 4 sin 7.
_  FRV 


FRV  

 FRV  

912.
Z

 VLQ  +  FRV   VLQ 

=  VLQ  +

+ FRV  +  VLQ  =   +   +   = 




 FRV 




WJ VLQ  =  FRV 

WJ + VLQ  =     +  = 


913.

Z Ijb =  sin + cos = sin( 45 ) +


+ cos( 45 ) = sin 45 + cos 45 =

2
2
[ Ijb =  sin + cos = sin( 90 ) +
+ cos( 90 ) = sin 90 + cos 90 = 1 + 0 = 1.

= 0.

\ ?keb =  sin + cos = sin( 360 ) +


+ cos( 360 ) = sin 360 + cos 360 = 0 + 1 = 1.
34

] Ijb =  sin + cos = sin( 180 ) +


+ cos( 180 ) = sin 180 + cos 180 = 0 1 = 1.
^ Ijb =  sin + cos = sin( 420 ) +
+ FRV  = VLQ  + FRV  = VLQ  +  +
+ FRV  +  = VLQ  + FRV  =










_ Ijb =  sin + cos = sin( 1710 ) +


+ FRV  = VLQ  + FRV = VLQ 
 + FRV  +  = VLQ  + FRV  =  +  = 

914.
5
5
II q_l\_jlb agZqbl = sin
> 0;
6
6
2
2
II q_l\_jlb agZqbl = cos
< 0;
3
3
5
2
ke_^h\Zl_evgh sin
cos
< 0.
6
3
5
5
III q_l\_jlb agZqbl tg
> 0;
[ . =
4
4

. = I q_l\_jlb agZqbl ctg > 0;


5
5
5

ctg > 0.
ke_^h\Zl_evgh tg
4
5
5
5
II q_l\_jlb agZqbl cos
> 0;
\ . =
7
7
3
3
.=
II q_l\_jlb agZqbl cos
< 0;
4
4
5
3
+ cos
< 0.
ke_^h\Zl_evgh cos
7
4

] . = I q_l\_jlb agZqbl tg > 0;


8
8

. = I q_l\_jlb agZqbl ctg > 0;


5
5

35

ke_^h\Zl_evgh tg

+ ctg

> 0.

915.

Imklv o jZ\gu_ m]eu ijb hkgh\Zgbb jZ\gh[_^j_ggh]h lj_m]hevgbdZ Lh]^Z ba l_hj_fu h kmff_ m]eh\ lj_m]hevgbdZ ke_^m_l


x + x + = ; 2x = ; [ =

9
9


Hl\_l:







916.

Imklv o o o m]eu lj_m]hevgbdZ Lh]^Z ba l_hj_fu h kmff_


m]eh\ lj_m]hevgbdZ ke_^m_l
[ +  [ + [ = [ =  [ =   [ =  [ = 


Hl\_l:

917.
VLQ

+ FRV + WJ

 VLQ

FRV




 +  + 





= = 


[
1
3

3 sin + 2tg ( ) + cos( ) 3 2 1 + 0


2
1 1
1
2
6
4
2 =
= 2
=
=

6
5 0 6 1
2 6 12.
5tg 0 + 6 sin( )
2

5 3
1
5 sin( ) + 2 cos( )
+ 2
3
3 =
2
2 = 5 3 2.
\
3

0 + (1)
2
cos( ) + sin
2
2
2
2

+
1
sin( ) + cos( ) 1
1
2
2
4
4
]
=
= 1.
=
3
3
1+ 0
1
sin
+ cos( )
2
2
36

918.
a ) sin(
=

3 1
+ =
2
2

FRV

2 +

) = sin

= sin

= 1; sin

+ sin

3 +1
1  agZqbl jZ\_gkl\h g_\_jgh
2



 +
+ FRV =
+ =
>  agZqbl g_jZ\_gkl\h g_

\_jgh

919.
VLQ

+ FRV  = 

D

E

D + E D + E

+E

D + E
D + E

920.
WJ FWJ

=  D +

fh]ml

E


+E

=  ke_^h\Zl_evgh fh]ml

D D  +

D  +  D =  ke_^h\Zl_evgh
D D  +

921.
Z

FRV

FWJ


WJ  VLQ 

FRV

VLQ

FRV

FRV
VLQ

VLQ 

cos 2 sin 2 cos 2


cos 2 (sin 2 1) cos 2
sin 2
=
=
=
sin 2 sin 2 cos 2
sin 2 sin 2 (1 cos 2 )
cos 2
=

cos 4 ( cos 2 )
cos 6
=

= ctg 6
sin 4 sin 2
sin 6

=  VLQ

WJ  VLQ  =  + WJ  WJ  VLQ  =

= FRV  

FRV

37

1
1
sin
+ tg
+
2
2
1 + tg + tg
cos
cos cos
=
=
=
\
1
1
cos
1 + ctg + ctg 2
+
+

ctg
sin 2
sin 2 sin
 + VLQ FRV
2

FRV
 + VLQ

FRV

VLQ

 + VLQ
FRV

FRV VLQ 

 + VLQ FRV

VLQ

FRV

= WJ  

1
1
ctg 2 1
tg
tg 2

=
]
1
ctg
1 tg 2
1 tg 2
tg
tg

1 tg 2 tg
tg

=1.
1 tg 2
tg 2

922.
Z

VLQ

+ FRV  +  VLQ  FRV  = VLQ  + FRV   =  = .

cos 2
cos 2 + sin + sin 2 1 + sin
+ sin =
=
=1
1 + sin
1 + sin
1 + sin
\ FRV  VLQ  +  VLQ  = FRV  VLQ  FRV  +

+ sin 2 ) + 2 sin 2 = cos 2 sin 2 1 + 2 sin 2 = cos 2 +


+ sin = 1.
2

WJ

WJ 

FWJ

WJ

+


WJ  =  WJ  = 
WJ    WJ 

923.
Z
38

WJ + FWJ  + FRV  FRV =

WJ 

= (tg + ctg )(1 cos 2 ) = sin 2 (


=

sin 2 (sin 2 + cos 2 ) sin


=
= tg .
sin cos
cos

[
=

sin cos
+
)=
cos sin

VLQ + FRV


=
FWJ VLQ FRV

VLQ

+ FRV  +  VLQ FRV 


=
FWJ VLQ FRV

2 sin cos
2 sin cos
=
=
2
cos
sin cos cos sin cos
sin
sin
2 sin 2 cos
2 sin 2
=
= 2tg 2 .
2
2
cos (1 sin ) cos

VLQ

+ VLQ FRV + FRV = VLQ VLQ +

+ FRV  + FRV  = VLQ  + FRV  = 

VLQ


+ VLQ  FRV  + FRV  = VLQ  + FRV 

VLQ + FRV  = VLQ  + FRV  = 

924.
VLQ

VLQ 

WJ VLQ = FRV 
=
FWJ  FRV  FRV  FRV 


VLQ

sin sin cos


sin 2 (1 cos 2 ) sin 2 sin 6
cos 2
=
=
=
= tg 6 ;
2
2
2
2
2
2
6
cos cos sin cos cos (1 sin ) cos
sin 2
2

tg
tg
tg tg
1
=
= 2
=
=
tg + ctg tg + 1
tg + 1 1 + 1
tg
tg 2

39

1
= sin 2 ;
1
sin 2
VLQ

VLQ

WJ = FRV
\ 


 WJ
VLQ

FRV

VLQ FRV
FRV FRV

VLQ

ctg
=
2)
ctg 2 1
=

VLQ
FRV

=
FRV

VLQ 

FRV

VLQ FRV
FRV

VLQ 

1
sin
tg
tg
cos
=
=
=
1
1 tg 2
sin 2

1
tg 2
cos 2

sin cos
.
cos 2 sin 2

]
=

FRV

VLQ
FRV

VLQ

FRV  + FRV 

VLQ  + VLQ 

FRV

FRV  VLQ 

VLQ  FRV 

VLQ 

FRV

VLQ

VLQ

FRV   FRV 

VLQ   VLQ 

FRV

 FRV 

 VLQ 

FRV

FRV

VLQ

= WJ  

925.
Z

FRV

VLQ  = FRV  VLQ  FRV  + VLQ  =

= FRV  VLQ  =  VLQ  VLQ  =   VLQ  

[
=

  VLQ

=
VLQ FRV

VLQ

+ FRV   VLQ 
=
FRV VLQ

cos 2 sin 2
cos 2
sin 2
=

= ctg tg ;
cos sin
cos sin cos sin

40

tg sin tg ctg sin 2


1 sin 2

=
=
=
cos
sin ctg
sin ctg
sin
sin

cos 2
= cos ;
cos
VLQ

+

WJ  +  = FRV  =
WJ   VLQ  

FRV

VLQ

+ FRV 
FRV

VLQ

FRV 
FRV

cos
1
=
2
2
2
cos (sin cos ) sin cos 2
2

926.

= D

D VLQ + E D VLQ E + D FRV + E D FRV E =


VLQ

E + D

E  = D  E 

FRV

E  = D  VLQ  + FRV 

agZq_gb_ \ujZ`_gby g_ aZ\bkbl hl a.

927.
1 sin
+
Z Mijhklbf
1 + sin

1 + sin
=
1 sin

+  ( VLQ )( + VLQ ) +


 + VLQ
( + VLQ )( VLQ )

 VLQ
 + VLQ
=
+ +
=
 + VLQ
 VLQ

=
=
=

 VLQ

( VLQ ) + ( + VLQ )( VLQ )+ ( + VLQ )


( + VLQ )( VLQ )

  VLQ + VLQ

 VLQ

FRV

+   VLQ  +  +  VLQ + VLQ 




=
 VLQ

 + VLQ

41

ke_^h\Zl_evgh

 VLQ
 + VLQ

 + VLQ
 VLQ

FRV


FRV

[ Mijhklbf

 VLQ
 + VLQ

 VLQ

 + VLQ

 FRV
 + FRV

=
 FRV

 + FRV

 VLQ
 + VLQ  FRV
 + FRV

=
=

 + VLQ
 VLQ  + FRV
 FRV




 + VLQ
 VLQ
 VLQ  + VLQ

=

+
 VLQ
 + VLQ
 + VLQ  VLQ


 + FRV

 FRV

 + FRV  FRV

 FRV  + FRV

 FRV

 + FRV

1 sin 1
1 + sin 1 cos
1 + cos
=
2+

2 2 +
=
1 + sin

1 sin 1 + cos
1 cos

 VLQ

 ( + VLQ )( VLQ ) + ( + VLQ )

 + VLQ  VLQ


2
(1 cos ) 2 2(1 + cos )(1 cos ) + (1 + cos )
=
(1 + cos )(1 cos )

1 2 sin + sin 2 2(1 sin 2 ) + 1 + 2 sin + sin 2

1 sin 2

1 2 cos + cos 2 2(1 cos 2 ) + 1 + 2 cos + cos 2


=
1 cos 2

4 sin 2 4 cos 2

= 16;
cos 2 sin 2
ke_^h\Zl_evgh
 VLQ
 + VLQ

 + VLQ
 VLQ


 VLQ
 + VLQ

beb

 + VLQ
 VLQ

42

 + FRV
 FRV

 FRV
 + FRV
=

 + FRV
 FRV

 FRV

 + FRV



=



= 

928.
Z sin 4 sin 2 + cos 2 = (1 cos 2 ) 2 (1 cos 2 ) +
+ FRV  =   FRV  + FRV   + FRV  + FRV  = FRV  
[ cos 4 cos 2 + sin 2 = (1 sin 2 ) 2 (1 sin 2 ) +
+ VLQ  =   VLQ  + VLQ   + VLQ  + VLQ  = VLQ  

929.

JZa^_ebf agZf_gZl_ev b qbkebl_ev ^jh[b gZ FRV.:


sin cos
+
sin + cos
tg + 1
= cos cos =
.
sin

cos

sin cos
tg 1

cos cos
WJ +  =  +  = 
?keb tg = 3, lh
WJ   

930.
cos. sin.
+
ctg. + tg. sin. cos. cos 2 . + sin 2 .
:
=
=
ctg. tg. cos. sin.
sin cos
sin. cos.




FRV VLQ
FRV + VLQ

=
=
=





VLQ FRV
FRV VLQ
 VLQ VLQ
=


  VLQ

?keb sin =

1
3

, lh


  VLQ


 
 





=




931.
Z

VLQ + FRV

= VLQ  +  VLQ FRV + FRV  =

= 1 + 2 sin cos = a 2 ; agZqbl 2 sin cos = 2 1;


sin cos =

VLQ

a2 1
.
2

+ FRV  = VLQ + FRV VLQ  VLQ FRV +


43

+ FRV = D  VLQ FRV 

gh VLQ.FRV.

 


(kfZ 


D  
= D  D + =
agZqbl sin3.FRV3. 




D  D  


932.
Z WJ + FWJ  = WJ  + WJFWJ + FWJ  =
= WJ  +  + FWJ  = P   WJ  + FWJ  = P  

[ WJ  + FWJ  = WJ + FWJ WJ  WJFWJ + FWJ  =


= P WJ  + FWJ   
gh tg2.FWJ2. P22 (kf Z 
Ke_^h\Zl_evgh tg3.FWJ3. P P    = P P   

933.
Ij_h[jZam_f
2

(sin x + cos x) 2
sin x + cos x
=
=

(sin x cos x ) 2
sin x cos x
=

sin 2 x + 2 sin x cos x + cos 2 x 1 + 2 sin x cos x


.
=
sin 2 x 2 sin x cos x + cos 2 x 1 2 sin x cos x

LZd dZd VLQxcosx



lh

1 + 2 sin x cos x

1 + 2 0, 4

1 2 sin x cos x 1 2 0 , 4

VLQ [ + FRV [
=
=  Ke_^h\Zl_evgh
=  =  beb

VLQ [ FRV [
sin x + cos x
= 9 = 3.
sin x cos x

934.

sin
sin +
sin + tg
cos = sin cos + sin :
=
cos + ctg cos + cos
cos
sin

44

cos sin + cos (sin cos + sin ) sin


=
=
sin
(cos sin + cos ) cos

sin 2 (cos + 1)
cos + 1
.
= tg 2
2
sin + 1
cos (sin + 1)

Gh

FRV

 VLQ   ke_^h\Zl_evgh

WJ  FRV +  
VLQ + 

935.
Z Ijb =

cos + cos 2 + cos 3 =

7
7
7
+ cos
+ cos
=
6
3
2

= cos( + ) + cos(2 + ) + cos(4 + ) = cos +


6
3
2
6
= cos

3 1
1 3

+ cos =
+ +0=
.
3
2
2
2
2
[ Ijb =  cos + cos 2 + cos 3 =
= cos 120 + cos 240 + cos 360 = cos(90 + 30) + cos(180 +
1 1
+ 60) + cos 360 = sin 30 cos 60 + cos 360 = + 1 = 0.
2 2

+ cos

936.
Z cos( 60 ) = cos( 90 30 ) = cos( 90 ( 30 + )) =
= sin( 30 + ) ;
[ ctg ( 80
= tg (10 +

) = ctg ( 90 10

) = ctg ( 90 (10 +

)) =

);

VLQ  

= VLQ    =

= VLQ   +  =

FRV  +  .

937.
45

Imklv hkljuc m]he iZjZee_eh]jZffZ lmihc m]he iZjZee_eh]jZffZ


KmffZ h^ghklhjhggbo m]eh\ jZ\gZ 0;
+ =  =  
Ke_^h\Zl_evgh WJ = tg (180 ) = tg = 0 , 7 .

Hl\_l: 0,7.
938.

Imklv \g_rgbc m]he lj_m]hevgbdZ Z b hklju_ m]eu


lj_m]hevgbdZ Ba\_klgh qlh kmffZ kf_`guo m]eh\ jZ\gZ ,
=180 ke_^h\Zl_evgh WJ=tg(180)=tg=k.
KmffZ hkljuo m]eh\ lj_m]hevgbdZ jZ\gZ  ihwlhfm
1
=90 ke_^h\Zl_evgh WJ=tg(90)=ctg= .
k

Hl\_l: k;

1
k

939.
H[hagZqbf kf_`gu_ m]eu b b FRV=
cos<0, ke_^h\Zl_evgh

Hl\_l:

4
5

940.

+=.

Z VLQ +)=sin()=sin.
[ FRV +)=cos()=cos .
46

< <  Lh]^Z VLQ.! VLQ2+cos2=1;



= 


LZd dZd kmffZ kf_`guo m]eh\ jZ\gZ ,
4
ihwlhfm VLQ=sin(180)=sin= .
5

sin=

\ sin2(+)=sin2()=sin(22)=sin2.
] FRV +)=cos2()=cos(22)=cos2.

941.
a) tg75=tg(9015)=ctg15, tg15ctg15tg30tg45tg60=
3
=1
1 3 =1.
3

[ FWJ=ctg(9072)=tg72 ctg36=ctg(9054)=tg54,
(tg72ctg72)(tg54ctg54)=11=1.

942.
Z WJ )=ctg=

1
tg

?keb WJ=

3
5

lh]^Z

1
tg

2
=1 .
3
3

[ VLQ2 +cos2 =1; sin2 =1cos2 =10,82=10,64=0,36;


sin= 0,36 =0,6 (  q_l\_jlb agZqbl sin!  ihwlhfm
sin=0,6;
sin(180+)=sin=0,6.
1
1
1 sin 2
\ FWJ2 =
; ctg2 =
1=
=
2
2
sin
sin
sin 2


 



 






= ;

ctg= 3

gh II q_l\_jlb agZqbl ctg  ihwlhfm

ctg= 3 .
ctg(360)= ctg= 3 .

] VLQ2 +cos2 =1; cos2 =1sin2 =1(


cos=
cos =

9
25

3
5

4
5

)2=

(,,, q_l\_jlb agZqbl

25 16
25

FRV<0 

9
25

ihwlhfm

3
.
5
47

sin(270+)=cos=

3
5

943.
Z VLQ=

1
2

b <<180, =18030=150;

[ FRV=

b <<270, =180+30=210;
2
\ WJ  b <<180, =90+45=135;

] FWJ= 3 b <<360, =36030=330.

944.
tg1tg2tg88tg89=(tg1tg89)(tg2tg88)
(tg44tg46)tg45=(tg1tg(9089))(tg2tg(902))
(tg44tg(9044))tg45=(tg1ctg1)(tg2ctg2)
(tg44ctg44)tg45=1.

945.
Z VLQ +)+cos(

))2=
2
2
=(sinsin)2+(cos+cos)2=(2 sin)2+(2 cos)2=
=4 sin2 +4 cos2 =4(sin2 +cos2 )=4.

3
[ WJ )ctg( +))2(ctg(+)+ctg(
+))2=
2
2
2
=(ctg+tg)2(ctgtg)2=
=ctg2+2 ctg tg+tg2 ctg2 +2 ctg tgtg2 =
=21+21=4.
+))2+(cos(2)sin(

946.
tg (

3
2

) cos(

2
cos( 2 )

+cos(+) sin(
=

cos sin
sin cos
48

)=

+ cos(

ctg sin
cos

) sin()+

+sLQ.sin+cos cos=

+sin2+cos2= 1+1=0.

947.

Z VLQ cos110+sin250 cos340+tg110tg340=


=sin(18020) cos(90+20)+sin(27020)
cos(36020)+tg(90+20) tg(36020)=
=sin20(sin20)+(cos20) cos20+ctg20 tg20=
= sin220cos220+1=1+1=0.
[ WJ tg288+sin32 sin148sin302 sin122=
=tg18 tg(270+18)+sin32 sin(18032)sin(270+
+32 sin(90+32)= tg18 ctg18+sin32 sin32+cos32
cos32=1+sin232+cos232=1+1=0.

948.

Ihevam_fky nhjfmeZfb ijb\_^_gby


Z

cos 2 ( ) + sin 2 (

) + cos( + ) cos( 2 )

tg 2 (

) ctg 2 (

2
cos 2 + cos 2 cos cos
ctg 2 tg 2

+ )

2
2 cos 2 cos 2
1

3
) cos(2 )
cos 3 cos
2
[
=
=

3
ctg 3 sin 3
tg 3 ( ) cos 3 ( )
2
2
=cos.
sin 3 (

= cos 2 .

VLQ
=


FRV VLQ
FRV

949.
Z FRV

+) cos+sin(

+) sin=cos(

+)=cos

1
2

[ VLQ sin(+)+cos cos(+)=cos(+)=cos;


\ FRV +) cos(54+)sin(36+) sin(54+)=
=cos(36++54+)=cos(90+2)= sin2;
] VLQ cos(+)cos sin(+)=sin()=sin()=sin.

950.

49

sin2 +cos2 =1, cos=1 sin agZqbl


16

cos=

25

4
5

gh I

FRV

q_l\_jlb l_

= 1 (

3
5

cos>0

)2=

16
25

ihwlhfm

4
.
5

cos =

a) cos2(45)=(cos45 cos+sin45 sin)2=


2
2
2 4
2 3 2
2 7 2
=(
cos+
sin)2=(
+
) =(
) =0,98.
2
2
2 5
2 5
25

[ FRV2(60+)=(cos60 cossin60 sin)2=(

3
2

sin)2=(

1
2

cos

1 4
3 3 2 43 3 2

) =(
) =0,430,24 3 .
2 5
2 5
10

\ VLQ +)=sin30 cos+cos30 sin=


sin(30)=sin30 coscos30 sin=

cos+

cos

3
2

sin;

1 4
3 3 1 4
+
)(
2
2 5
2 5 2 5
3 3 3
4 3 3
4 3 3
3
4 2 3 3 2

)= +(
+
)(
)= +(
) (
)=
2 5 4 10
10
10 10
4 10
10
75 + 16 27
=
=0,64.
100
sin260+sin(30+)sin(30)=(

)2+(

951.

Z FRV2 +cos2(60+)+cos2(60)=cos2 +(cos60 cos


1
sin60 sin)2+(cos60 cos+sin60 sin)2=cos2 +( cos
2

3
2

sin)2+(

2 3
4
50

1
2

cos+

cos sin+

3
4

3
2

sin)2=cos2 +

sin2 +

1
4

cos2 +

1
4

2 3
4

cos
cos sin+

3
4

sin2 =

3
2

cos2 +

3
2

sin2 =

3
2

(cos2 +sin2 )=

3
;
2

sin( + ) sin( )

=
sin + sin
(sin cos + cos sin )(sin cos cos sin )
=
=
sin + sin
=
=

VLQ

FRV  FRV  VLQ  sin 2 (1 sin 2 ) cos 2 sin 2


=
=
sin + sin
VLQ + VLQ

sin 2 sin 2 sin 2 cos 2 sin 2


=
sin + sin

sin 2 sin 2 (sin 2 + cos 2 )


=
sin + sin
(sin sin )(sin + sin )
=
=sinsin;
sin + sin

\ VLQ2(120+)=sin2(90+30+)=cos2(30+)=(cos30 cos
sin30 sin)2=(
+

1
4

3
2

cos

1
2

sin)2=

2 3
4

cos sin+

sin2+
+

cos2

2 3
4

cos sin+

sin2 ; sin2(120) sin2(90+30)=cos2(30)=

=(cos30 cos+sin30 sin)2=(


+

2 3

3
4

1
4

cos2

cos sin+

cos+

1
2

sin)2=

3
4

cos2+

sin2 ;
2 3
4

cos sin+

sin2 =

4
4
3
3
= (sin 2 + cos 2 ) = .
2
2

cos( + ) cos( )
cos sin

3
2

sin2 +

1
4
3
2

sin2 +

3
4

cos2 +

cos2 =

=
51

=
=

(cos cos sin sin )(cos cos + sin sin


cos sin
cos 2 cos 2 sin 2 sin 2
cos sin

cos 2 (1 sin 2 ) sin 2 sin 2


=
cos sin

cos cos 2 sin 2 sin 2 sin 2


=
cos sin
2

cos 2 sin 2 (cos 2 + sin 2 ) cos 2 sin 2


=
=
cos sin
cos sin
(cos sin )(cos + sin )
=cos+sin.
=
cos sin

952.
1) sin2 +cos2 =1; sin2 =1cos2 ;
3
25 9 16
4
16
sin2 =1( )2=
; sin=
=
=
5
25
25
5
25
(, q_l\_jlb agZqbl VLQ>0  ihwlhfm sin =
2) sin2 +cos2 =1; sin2 =1cos2 ;
7 2 625 49 576
sin2 =1(
)=
; sin=
=
25
625
625

576
625

(, q_l\_jlb agZqbl VLQ!  ihwlhfm sin =


45

953.
52

53

; tg=

24 25

25

;
3
25 7
7
tg + tg
4) tg(+)=
;
1 tgtg
4 24
+
7 = 100 21 = 4 =1 1 .
tg(+)= 3
4 24
21 75
3
3
1
37
3) tg=

4
;
5
24
25

24
;
25

1) sin2 +cos2 =1; cos2 =1sin2 ;


8 2 289 64 225
cos2 =1(
)=
;
=
17
289
289
15
225
(,,, q_l\_jlb ke_^h\Zl_evgh
cos=
=
17
289
15
ihwlhfm cos = ;
17
2) tg=

tg(

8
17

:(

tg
)=

15
17

)=

8 17
17 15

tg

1 + tg

=
tg

8
15
8

FRV<0),

15 = 7 15 = 7 .
8 15 23 23
1+ 1
15

954.
tg 2 tg 2

(tg + tg )(tg tg )
=
=
1 tg 2 tg 2 (1 + tgtg )(1 tgtg )
tg + tg tg tg
=

=tg(+)tg();
1 tgtg 1 + tgtg
a)

[ WJ tg(

)=tg

tg

tg

1 + tg

=tg
tg

1 tg
1 + tg

1 1 tg
1 tg

=
.
ctg 1 + tg ctg + 1
Ih nhjfme_ lZg]_gkZ kmffu

tg + tg 1 + tg

4
=
\ WJ +)=
;

4
1 tg
1 tg tg
4
=

tg + tg
tg ( + )

tg tg
tg ( )

( tg + tg )(1 tgtg )
tg + tg

53

( tg tg )(1 + tgtg )
tg tg

(tg 2 tg 2 )(1 tgtg ) + (tg 2 tg 2 )(1 + tgtg )


=
(tg 2 tg 2 )

(tg 2 tg 2 ) 2
= 2.
tg 2 tg 2

955.
a) tg(45+)=

tg 45 + tg

1 + tg

=;
1 tg 45 tg 1 tg
1+tg=(1tg); 1+tg= tg; a tg+tg=a1; tg(+1)=1
1
tg=
.
+1

[ ctg(45+)=
ctg(45+)=

ctg 45 ctg 1

ctg 1

ctg + 1
tg + tg 45
ctg+1=(ctg1); ctg+1= ctg;

ctgctg=1+; ctg(1)=+1 ctg=

+1
1

956.
a)

1 + tg ( 45 )
1 tg ( 45 )

1+
=
1

tg 45 tg
1 + tg 45 tg
=
tg 45 tg

1 + tg 45 tg
2
1
2(1 + tg )
=
=
=ctg;
=
(1 + tg )(2tg ) 2 tg tg

54

ctg 45 ctg + 1

1+
1

1 tg
1 + tg
=
1 tg
1 + tg

FWJ + 
+
ctg
45
ctg

= FWJ  =
=
tg ( 45 + ) 1
tg 45 + tg
 + WJ

1
 WJ
1 tg 45 tg

1 + ctg ( 45 )

1+

FWJ  + FWJ +   WJ
FWJ   + WJ  + WJ

2ctg (1 tg )
=
(ctg 1)tg 2

ctg (1 tg )
 WJ
= FWJ
= FWJ ;
(ctg 1)tg
 WJ
Ih nhjfmeZf kbgmkh\ dhkbgmkh\ lZg]_gkh\ kmffu b jZaghklb

\ WJ +) tg( )+sin( +)+sin( )=


4
4
6
6

( tg + tg )( tg tg )

4
4
+sin cos+cos sin+
=
6
6

(1 tg tg )(1 + tg tg )
4
4

(1 + tg )(1 tg ) 1
+sin coscos sin=
+ cos+
6
6
(1 tg )(1 + tg ) 2
1
1
1
+ cos=1+ cos+ cos=1+cos.
2
2
2

] FWJ +) ctg( +)+cos( )+cos( +)=


4
4
3
3

FWJ
FWJ +  FWJ FWJ 



+cos cos+sin sin+
=
3
3

FWJ FWJ FWJ


+ FWJ
=

+cos
+

1
2

cossin

cos=1+

1
2

sin=

cos+

1
2

FWJ +  FWJ  + 1
2
FWJ   + FWJ

cos+

cos=1+cos.

957.
JZa^_ebf qbkebl_ev b agZf_gZl_ev gZ coscos
sin( + )

= sin cos + cos sin =


sin( ) sin cos cos sin
sin cos cos sin
+
tg + tg
= cos cos cos cos =
.
tg tg
sin cos cos sin

cos cos cos cos


a)

JZa^_ebf qbkebl_ev b agZf_gZl_ev gZ sincos


55

cos( + )

cos cos sin sin

cos( ) cos cos + sin sin


cos cos sin sin

sin cos sin cos ctg ctg


.
=
=
sin cos sin sin ctg + ctg
+
sin cos sin cos

958.
JZa^_ebf qbkebl_ev b agZf_gZl_ev gZ sinsin
cos( + ) cos cos sin sin
=
=
1) ctg(+)=
sin( + ) sin cos + cos sin
cos cos sin sin cos cos

1
ctg ctg 1
sin sin sin sin sin sin
;
=
=
=
cos cos cos sin
cos cos
ctg + ctg
+
+
sin sin
sin sin
sin sin
2) ctg()=

cos( )

cos cos + sin sin

=
sin( ) sin cos cos sin
cos cos sin sin cos cos
+

+1
ctg ctg + 1
sin sin sin sin sin sin
.
=
=
=
cos cos cos sin
cos cos
ctg ctg

sin sin
sin sin
sin sin

959.

1) sin2 +cos2 =1; cos2 =1sin2 ; cos2 =1


(0,1 2 )2=0,98; cos= 0 , 98 =0,7 2

LZd dZd hkljuc lh FRV>0 ihwlhfm FRV=0,7 2


2) sin2 +cos2 =1; cos2 =1sin2 ; cos2 =
=1(0,6)2=0,64; cos= 0 , 64 =0,8

LZd dZd hkljuc lh FRV>0 ihwlhfm FRV=0,8


3) sin(+)=sin coscos sin=
=0,1 2 0,8+0,70,6=(0,8+0,42) 2 =
56

2
2

Ke_^h\Zl_evgh +=45.

960.
+ WJ
=
tg(+)=
 WJ.WJ

WJ.







 
 

=.

 

Ke_^h\Zl_evgh +=45 ( b hklju_ 

961.
4
25
25
+7
+ WJ
= 3 = 3 =1.
= 3
tg( +)=
4
28
25
 WJ.WJ

1 7 1
3
3
3
3

(0; ), (0; ); +   Ke_^h\Zl_evgh +=


.
2


WJ.

962.
Z sin=2sin

cos

1
2 cos 2 = 2tg
=
=2

1
2
2
cos

2
cos 2
2
sin

2 = 2(3) = 0,6 .
=
2
1 + (3) 2
1 + tg
2
2tg

[ cos= FRV

cos=

 

 + 

VLQ

= FRV

 WJ

 WJ
 + WJ

= 

57

WJ

\ tg=

] ctg

 WJ

WJ

 

; tg=

 

=  ;





WJ 

WJ

; ctg=

 

 




= .


963.

cos4=12sin22=18sin2cos2=18sin2(1sin2);
sin2=




 

cos4=18 

= 

 

=  

 

=  

964.

a) sin3=sin(2+)=sin2 cos+cos2 sin=sin(cos2


sin2)+cos(2sin cos)=sin cos2 sin3+2sincos2=
=3sin cos2sin3=3sin(1sin2)sin3=3sin4sin3;

[ FRV=cos(2+)=cos2 cossin2 sin=cos(cos2


sin2)sin(2sin cos)=cos3cos sin22sin2cos=
=cos33sin2 cos=cos33(1cos2)cos=cos33cos+
+3cos3=4cos33cos;
cos 3 sin 3 cos cos 3 sin
=
=
cos
sin
sin cos
sin( 3 )
sin 2
2 sin cos
=
=
=
=2;
sin cos sin cos sin cos

sin 3

cos cos 3
sin + sin

965.

2 sin
=
2 sin

+ 3
2
+ 3
2

sin

sin
2
=
=tg.
3 cos
cos
2

a) sin4=2sin2 cos2=22sincos(cos2sin2)=
58

+ =

=4sin cos34sin3 cos.

[ FRV=12sin22=18sin2cos2=18(1cos2)cos2=
=8cos48cos2+1.

966.
a) 4sin15 cos15(cos215sin215)=2 sin30 cos30=sin60=

3
2

[ VLQ2 75 cos2 75(sin275cos2 75)2=(2sin75 cos75)2


(sin275cos275)2=sin2(275)cos2(275)=cos(22 75)=
1
= cos300=cos60= ;
2

\ VLQ2
=1




VLQ

] VLQ
(cos2

16



cos2

12

sin2



sin3

16

12

= 

cos3

)=

1
4

=1


 VLQ



FRV



16

2sin

cos

16

cos

=
=

1
2
1
4

(2sin
sin



cos
2



967.
a2+b2=(sin+cos)2+(cos sin)2=
=sin2+2sin cos+cos2+cos2
2sin cos+sin2=2sin2+2cos2=(sin2+cos2)=2.

968.
1) cos2x+sin2x=1; sin2x=1cos2x; sin2x=1(
=1

42 3
4

3
2

)2=

2) cos2x=cos2xsin2x; cos2x=(

1
2

)2

3
2

=
59

3 44 3
=

=1 3
4
2
4
cos2x=2cosx \_jgh

42 3

ke_^h\Zl_evgh

jZ\_gkl\h

969.
sin 4

2 sin 2 cos 2

=
sin
sin
4 sin cos (cos 2 sin 2 )

=
sin
=4cos(cos2(1cos2))=4cos(2cos21).
1
?keb FRV= ,
4
1
1
1
7

lh FRV(2cos21)=4( )(2( )21)=( 1)= +1= .
4
4
8
8


970.
a) cos2ctg(
FRV

FRV  VLQ

FRVVLQ

+ FRV

+)sin2 ctg(

+)=cos2sin2

VLQ

cos

2sin cos
VLQ

sin

cos sin
cos + cos

sin

=
sin

2
2
cos sin
2
2
=cos sin

2
2
cos + sin
2
2
2
2
cos sin
2 =
2sin cos 2
2
2
cos + sin
2
2
FRV VLQ

(FRV + VLQ )   VLQ FRV =
=
FRV + VLQ
FRV VLQ
=
FRV  +  VLQ FRV + VLQ    VLQ FRV = 
FRV + VLQ

Ke_^h\Zl_evgh FRV ctg( +)=sin2 ctg( +);


4
4
2

60

+tg2)(cos2

)=(

2 tg

2
1 + tg
1 + tg 1 tg 2
1
1
2 (1 tg ) + 2 tg

(cos2 )=

(cos2 )=
2
2  WJ 
1 tg 2
(cos2

2 cos 2 1

2 cos 2 sin 2 cos 2

=
1 tg 2
1 tg
cos 2 sin 2 (cos 2 sin 2 ) cos 2
=
=
=cos2;
(cos 2 sin 2 )
sin 2
1
cos 2
3 + cos 1

= (3+12sin22)= (48sin2 cos2)=1
\
4
4

2sin2cos2=(sin2+cos2)2 2sin2cos2=sin4+
+2sin2cos2+cos42sin2cos2=sin4+cos4.
2

)=

971.
1

a)

1 ctg 1 ctg

1 + ctg 1 ctg
1 ctg
2

2
tg 2 1
2 tg
tg
:
=
=tg2.
=
=
2
1
tg
tg
1 tg 2
1 2
tg

1 tg 2
1 + tg 2

1
=

2 ctg
1 ctg 2

sin 2

2
2
2
2
cos 2 = cos sin : cos + sin =
2
2
2
sin
cos
cos
1+
cos 2

(cos 2 sin 2 ) cos 2

cos 2 (cos 2 + sin 2 )


cos 2 sin 2
=cos2
=
1

sin 2 (45 + )
1
tg ( 45 + ) 1 cos 2 (45 + )
=
=
\
tg 2 ( 45 + ) + 1 sin 2 (45 + )
+1
cos 2 (45 + )
2

61

sin 2 (45$ + ) cos 2 (45$ + )


cos 2 (45$ + )
=
sin 2 (45$ + ) + cos 2 (45$ + )
cos 2 (45$ + )
(sin 2 (45 + ) cos 2 (45 + )) cos 2 (45 + )
=
(sin 2 (45 + ) + cos 2 (45 + )) cos 2 (45 + )
cos(90+2)=sin2.
=

] WJ2tg)(ctgtg)=
2 tg
2 tg )(ctgtg)=
=(
1 tg 2
( 2 tg 2 tg + 2 tg 3 ) ( ctg tg )
=
=
1 tg 2
2 tg 3 ctg 2 tg 4
2 tg 2 2 tg 4
=
=
=
2
1 tg
1 tg 2
2 tg 2 (1 tg 2 )
=
=2tg2 .
1 tg 2
tg
sin
1
=
=
^
:
tg 2 tg
cos sin 2 sin

cos 2 cos
1
sin
1

=
=
cos sin 2 cos sin cos 2
cos 2 cos
VLQ FRV 
sin
FRV FRV 
=

=
= FRV  ;
cos VLQ  FRV VLQ FRV 
VLQ
e)  JZkkfhljbf


VLQ
FRV
FRV VLQ
tg ctg=

= 
=
FRV
VLQ
 VLQ FRV
FRV 
= 
= FWJ
VLQ 


JZkkfhljbf

WJ.FWJ.WJ.FWJ. FWJ.WJ.FWJ.

 WJ.FWJ. FWJ.  FWJ. FWJ. 

62

Ke_^h\Zl_evgh WJ.WJ.FWJ.

FWJ.

972.

Ihevam_fky nhjfmeZfb kmffu b jZaghklb kbgmkh\ b dhkbgmkh\


+

+
2 sin
cos
sin
sin + sin
2
2
2
=
=
=
a)
+

+
cos + cos
2 cos
cos
cos
2
2
2
+
=tg
.
2

+

+
2 cos
sin
cos
sin sin
2
2
2
[
=
=
=
cos cos 2 sin + sin sin +
2
2
2
+
= ctg
.
2

sin + sin( ) 2 sin cos( )


sin + cos
2
4
4 =
=
=
\
cos cos sin sin( ) 2 cos sin( )
2
4
4

kWJ ).
4

973.

Ih nhjfmeZf kmffu dhkbgmkh\ b kbgmkh\


FRV.FRV.FRV. FRV.FRV.FRV. FRV.
FRV. FRV

FRV. FRV.FRV




. FRV

VLQ.VLQ.VLQ. VLQ.VLQ.FRV. VLQ.


VLQ. FRV

FRV. VLQ.FRV

1
2




FRV.

. 

FRV.

2


+ )cos( ).


63

974.
a) sin19+sin25+sin31=2sin

19 + 31
2

19 31
2

cos

6 60

2
=4 sin25 cos33 cos(27)=4sin25cos33cos27.

[ VLQ+sin24+sin40=2sin

+sin25=

)=
2
6 + 60

=2sin25 cos(6)+sin25=2sin25(cos6+
=2sin25 (cos6+cos60)=2 sin252 cos

cos

16 + 24

cos

16 24

+sin40=
2
2
=2sin20 cos4+2sin20 cos20=2sin20(cos4+cos20)=
4 + 20
4 20
=2sin202cos
cos
=4sin20 cos12cos8.
2
2

975.
22$ + 8$
22$ 8$
cos
sin22 + sin8
2
2
=
=
a)
sin30
30$
30$
2 sin
cos
2
2
 VLQ  FRV 
FRV 
=
=

 VLQ  FRV 
FRV 
VLQ  VLQ 
 VLQ  FRV 
FRV 
=
=
=
FRV  
FRV  FRV 
 VLQ  VLQ 
2 sin

[
=

cos 20 cos 50
=
cos 31 + sin 11
 VLQ  VLQ 
 VLQ  FRV 

sin 80 sin 70
sin 29 sin 19

976.

64

2 sin

FRV 
VLQ 

20$ 50$
20$ + 50$
sin
2
2
=
2 sin 59$ + sin 11$

VLQ 
FRV 

2 sin 5 cos 75
2 sin 5 cos 24

cos 75
cos 24

sin 15
cos 24

a)

sin( + ) + sin( )
4
4
=

sin( + ) sin( )
4
4

sin cos + cos sin + sin cos cos sin


4
4
4
4
=
=

sin cos + cos sin sin cos + cos sin


4
4
4
4

 VLQ
FRV

=
=ctg

 VLQ FRV


FRV +
FRV +

VLQ
+ FRV

VLQVLQ
=
FRVFRV

= WJ

WJ

= 3 tg

977.
a) sin+cossin(

)+cos(

)=(sinsin(

+
6 sin
6 +
+cos( ))= 2 cos
2
2
6

+
+
6
6 =
+ 2 cos
cos
2
2

=
=2cos sin
+2cos FRV

))+(cos+










) (sin + sin( )) =
12
12
2 12


) 2sin cos( )=
=  FRV  VLQ FRV = 2cos(
12
4
6








= 6 cos(
);
=2cos( )2
12




=2cos



VLQ



+ FRV



= 2 cos(

65

[ FRV
cos(

)cos(

))(cos(

)cos(

+)cos(

+ +
6
sin
= 2 sin 6
2

+ +
3
3
sin
+ 2 sin
2
=sin+ 3 sin=sin(

+)+cos(

+)=(cos(

+)

))=

+ +
6
6
+
2

+ +

3
3
= 2sin sin+2sin sin=
2
6
3
3 1).

978.
cos(+) cos()=(cos cossin sin)(cos cos+sin sin)=
=cos2 cos2sin2 sin2=cos2(1sin2)sin2(1cos2)=
=cos2sin2 cos2sin2+cos2sin2=cos2sin2.

980.
1 + cos + cos 2 + cos 3
2 cos + cos 1
2

 + FRV  + FRV 

+ FRV
=
 + FRV  + FRV 

3 +
3
cos
2
2
=
=
1 + cos 2 + cos 1
 FRV FRV + FRV 
=
= 2cos.
FRV + FRV 
(1 + cos 2 ) + 2 cos

 FRV

+  FRV  FRV
=
+ FRV

FRV 

981.
a)

cos 2 cos 2 + cos 3


sin + 2 sin 2 + sin 3

FRV  + FRV +  FRV 


VLQ  + VLQ +  VLQ 

3 +
3
+ 2 cos 2 cos 2 cos + 2 cos 2
cos
2
2
=
=
=
3 +
3
2 sin 2 sin + 2 sin 2
+ 2 sin
2 sin
sin
2
2
 FRV  FRV + 
=
 VLQ  FRV + 
2 cos

2 cos 2
= ctg 2 .
2 sin 2
66

VLQ  +  FRV  VLQ 


FRV   VLQ  FRV 

(sin 4 sin 2 ) + 2 cos 3


(cos 4 cos 3 ) 2 sin 3

4 + 2
4 2
+ 2 cos 3
sin
 FRV  VLQ +  FRV 
2
2
=
=
=
4 + 2
4 +

 VLQ  VLQ  VLQ 


2 sin
2 sin 3
sin
2
2
2 cos 3 (sin + 1)
cos 3
=
=
=
2 sin 3 (sin + 1)
sin 3
= ctg3 .
2 cos

982.
a)
=

FRV FRV  + FRV  FRV 


VLQ + VLQ  + VLQ  + VLQ 

FRV  + FRV FRV  + FRV 


VLQ  + VLQ + VLQ  + VLQ 

5 +
5
7 + 3
7 3
2 cos
cos
cos
2
2
2
2
=
=
5 +
5
7 + 3
7 3
2 sin
cos
cos
+ 2 sin
2
2
2
2
 FRV  FRV  FRV 
 FRV  FRV   FRV  FRV 
=
=
=
 VLQ  FRV  +  VLQ  FRV 
 FRV  VLQ  + VLQ 
2 cos

FRV  FRV 
VLQ  + VLQ 

= 

VLQ  VLQ
 VLQ  FRV

cos cos 2 cos 4 + cos 5

sin sin 2 sin 4 + sin 5


FRV  + FRV FRV  + FRV 
=
=
VLQ  + VLQ VLQ  + VLQ 

VLQ
FRV

= WJ

5 +
5
4 + 2
4 2
cos
cos
2 cos
2
2
2
2
=
=
5 +
5
4 + 2
4 2
2 sin
cos
cos
2 sin
2
2
2
2
2 cos

67

=
=

 FRV  FRV   FRV  FRV


 VLQ  FRV   VLQ  FRV

cos 3
sin 3

 FRV  FRV  FRV


 VLQ  FRV  FRV

=ctg3.

983.
VLQ$VLQ%VLQ& VLQ$VLQ%VLQ $% VLQ

$ + % cos $ % +


$ + % cos $ + % =2sin $ + % (cos $ % +cos $ + % )=


+2sin


=2sin

68

&


$ %
& $ %
2cos cos =4cos cos cos .