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4703020100003
593(03)-91
ISBN 5-86218-006-0
ISBN 5-86218-007-9


, 1964, 1991

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41), .
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. . W internitz, A history o f Indian litera tu re , vol. I, pt 1. C al
cutta, 1959, p. 263 sq. ( M. W internitz, A history ); CHI, 1922, p. 110
sq. ( A. . Keith); R. C. Majumdar, A ncient India, Banaras, 1952, p. 39 sq. .

,
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(samnyasin), , 2.
(upaniad, f.).
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2
. . W internitz, Zur Lehre von den A sra m a s , in: Beitrage zur
Literaturwissenschaft und Geistgeschichte Indiens. Festgabe H. Jacobi,
Bonn, 1926, S. 215227 ( M. -W internitz, Zur Lehre); L. Skurzak,
Etudes sur V origine de Vascetism e in d ien , W roclaw, 1948, p. 35 sq. .
(* L. Skurzak, Etudes).

. nl-sad (. . ,
). 3.

.
, , (. 4 1.3.1; IV.7;
; III. 11.3 .). ,
(LUb.V.6 vedaguhya upaniatsu
gatfham , ),
(. VI,3.12;
111,11.5; VI. 22; 111,2.11 .)5.
,
, ,
uipymu,*.
3 . . Mayrhofer, K a rzg e fa sste s etym ologisches WJrterbuch des A ltin d ische , 2. Lief, Heidelberg, 1954, S. 105; M-W,p. 201 ; .
P. Deussen, Die Philosophie der U panishad's , L eip zig, 1919, S. 11 sq.
( P. Deussen, Die Philosophie ); A. B. Ifoith, The religion and p h i
losophy o f the Veda and U panishads , Cambridge, Mass, 1925, p. 489 (
A. B. Keith, The religion ); S. Dasgupta, A history o f indian p h ilo
sophy, vol. I. Cambridge, 1922, p. 38 ( S. Dasgupta, A history );
S. Ch. Chakravarti, The philosophy o f the Vpanishads, Calcutta, 1935,
p. 41 ( S. Chakravarti, The philosophy ); PU, p. 19. ,
. , upaniad upa-as
[] , upasana . . . Oldenberg, Vedische Untersuchungen, ZDMG, 1896, Bd L, S. 457 sq.; idem, Die Lehre
d er Upanischaden and die A n fd n g e des B addhlsm u s , Gottingen, 1923, S.
134, 300 (Anm. 97, 98) ( H. Oldenberg, Die Lehre).
4 . .
5 . P. Deussen, Die P hilosophie, S. 11 sq. . (Upas-upani$ad.
F lorilegiu m ... M elchior de Vogtie, Paris, 1909, p. 585 sq.; E. S e
na rt, Upas) , . V.6, , ,
upaniad
, (connaissence, doctrine)
upas : , (Ibid., . 575).
. . Falk, Upasana et Upani$ad R 0.1937, t. XIII, pp. 129 158
( M. Falk, Upasana ), . (S. Schayer, O ber die Bedeutu n g des W ortes U pani$adt RO, 1927, t. Ill, p. 57 sq ., S. Schayer)
upaniad = (. . 50 51).
6 , (1.13.1);
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sadu
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14 ( 44)..
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, (X. 5; 27; 88; 121; 129 .)7.
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8, (. . ).
(. R. Schmidt, B eitrage zu r indischen E ro tik , Leip
zig, 1902, S. 817 sq.) . .; cvi. M. W internitz, A h isto ry , p. 213, n. 1.
7 Cp. R. D. Ranade, A constructive survey o f Upanishadic p h ilo so p h y ,
Poona, 1926, p. 2 sq. ( R. Ranade, S u rv e y ).
8 (. G. Narahari, Atm an
in pre-upanishadic Vedic L iterature , Adyar, 1944), ,
, () (ib id .,
. 49). . PU, Introduction, . 4
sq.; . . Chattopadhyaya, Thi Upani$ads and Vedic s a c r ific e s JASr
vol. XVII, 1951, 3, p. 189.


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11.
,
(sakha).
,
. S. Dasgupta, A history, . 29.
10 ., , L. Renou,
Le passage des Brahmana aux Upanlfad, JAOS, 1950, vol. 73, pp. 138
144 ( L. Renou, Le passage). Cp. U. Ch. Bhattacharjee, Pre- Ifadlc teachers o f BrahmavidyH .Indian H istorical Quarterly*, 1927, vol.
1, pp. 307314.
n Cp. P. Deussen, Die Phllosophle, S. 67.


, -, ; , ,
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12.
( |3) 21
, 1000 , 109 50
, . . 1180 . ,
;
Altareyln Kauitakln ,
Kay; Tandin Jaiminlya (TalavakSra) ,
( )-, Katha, Maitrayanlya Taittiriyaka , , ; Vajasaneyin , ;
Saunakiya Paippaladl ,
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13 SU, S. 3.

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. II.4.10
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, . VII.I.2.), (itihasa
), (purana ),
(vidya), (sloka), ,
(anuvyakhyananl; vyakhyanani). VII.I.2, ,
, , (vedanam veda),
( si), (dalva), (nldhi), (vakovakya), (katravldya), (katravidya)
. My I.I.5 15.

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14
. (W. Ruben, D te Philosopher! der Upanlshaden, Bern, 1947:
W. Ruben, D ie Philosophen ),
109 , ,
, , 670640 . . .,
640610 . , 610580 .
, , .
. : S. Chakravarti, The philosophy, p. 21 sq.; R. Ranade,
Survey, p. 44 sq.; . , , . I, .,
956, . 117; S. Belvalkar, R. Ranade, H istory o f Indian ph il osophy,
vol. II, Poona, 1927, p. 186 sq. ( S. Belvalkar, R. Ranade) .
15 Cp. P. Deussen, Die Philosophie, S. 52 sq.

1. . 17
: 1)
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, 4) .
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' . R. Ranade, Survey, p. 12 sq.
17 P. Deussen, Die Philosophie, S. 22 sq.
M. W lnternltz, A history, p. 205 sq.
19 ., ., S. Dasgupta, A history, p. 39; A. B. Keith, Tkt religi
on, p. 498 sq.; PU, p. 21 sq.; H. Oldenberg, Die Lehre, S.J249, 294 (Anm. 8),
308 (Anm. 185) .
* . W ecker, Das Gebrauch der Kasus In deralteren Upanlshad-Ltteratur, Gflttlngen, 195, S. 91; . B. Lleblch, Panlnl, L eip zig , 1891, S. 3 7 ,
62 sq.; W. K lrfel, Beltrage Geschlchte der Nomlnalkomposition in der
Upanlfads und im Epos, Bonn, 19D8, S. 98 ( ; , ,
, [400 . . .]; ).
21 . ., -, V . . . . V . S. A graw ala,
India as known to Pdnini, Allahabad, 1953, p. 475.
12 R. Ranade, Survey, p. 16 sq.


: (12501100 . . .),
(1100900 .), (900 750 .) *
(750600 .),
; . . 23.

, 24,
VIII ( ) VI . . ., . . . ,

XIVXV . (., ,
).
* .
: Isa (Vajasaneyi),
Kena (Talavakara), Katha (Kathaka), Prasna, , Marwjflkya, Talttiriya, Attareya, Chandogya, Brhadaranyaka.

, 11 (
Svetasvatara). , , Kauitakl, Jabala,
Mahanarayana Paiflgala ,.

(XI .); Maitrayana (Maltri), Subala, llka , , Garbha Maha
. ( 1013)
,
.
,
, (. 1400 .), -
*3 S. B elvalkar, R. Ranade, p. 135.
*4 ., ., R. Ranade, Survey, p. 13 (129 6 . .); . 0 1 denberg, Die Lekre, S. 249, 398; Anra. 185 ( ); S. Dasupta, A history, p. 39 ( 500 . . .); PU, . 22 (VIIIVII .
. .); W. Ruben; Geschickte der Indischen Phllosophle, B erlin, 1954, S .
83 sq. ( VII .
. .); L. Renou, J. F illlo za t, L'Inde classlque, t. I, Paris, 1947, p. 299
(. 500 . . .) .

, 52 2>; .
52 *1. 50 ,
1657 .
- 27;
(Oupnekhat... 2 vol. Argentorati, 1801 1802)
.
108 ,
(muktlka; . mukti
*) , -, ,
. , 108- , .
, ( ), ,
,
.
, ,
28. :
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

Isa

Katha
Prasna
Mun<Jaka
MantjQkya
Talttlrlya
Altareya
Chandogya
Brhadaraijyaka
Brahma
Kaivalya
Jabala
SvetaSvatara

15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.

** Cp. SU, S. 538541; PU, p. 21.


16 SU, S. 537 538.
87 Ibid., S. 535537.
88 .: SU, S. 532 sq.

Haipsa
Arunlka
Garbha
Narayana
Paramahaipsa
Amrtablndu
Amrtanada
Atharvaslras
Atharvaslkha
Maltrayanl
KauItakl
Brhajjabala
Nrslqihatapanlya
Kalagnlrudra

29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
$7.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.

Maltreya
Subala
Ksurlka
Mantrlka
Sarvasara
Nlralaraba
Sukarahasya
VaJrasQcl
Tejobindu
Nadablndu
Dhyanablndu
Brahmavldya
Yogatattva
Atmabodha
Naradaparlvrajaka
Trlsikhibrahmana
Slta
Yogacadamanl
Nirvana
Mandalabrahmana
DaklnamQrtI
Sarabha
Skanda
Trlpadvlbhutlmahanarayana
Advayataraka
Ramarahasya
Ramatapaniya
Vasudeva
Mudgala
Santfllya
Palflgala
Bhikguka
Maha
Sariraka
Yogasikha
Turiyatitavadhata

65.
66.
67.
68.
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.
74.
75.
76.
77.
78.
79.
80.
81.
82.
83.
84.
85.
86.
87.
88.
89.
90.
91.
92.
93.
94.
95.
96.
97.
98.
99.
100.
101.

Sannyasa
Paramahainsaparlvrajaka
Akamalika
Avyakta
Ekakara
AnnapQrna
SQrya
Akl
Adhyatma
Kuntflka
Slvltri
Atma
Pasupatabrahma
Parabrahma
AvadhQta
Trlpuratapinl
Devi
Tripura
Katha(rudra)
Bhavana
Rudrahrdaya
Yogakundall
Bhasmajabala
Rudraka]abala
Ganapatl
Darsana
Tarasara
Mahavakya
Paiicabrahma
Pranagnlhotra
Gopalataplni
Krsna
Yajnavalkya
Varaha
Satyayana
Hayagrlva
Dattatreya

102.
103.
104.
105.

Garu<ja
Kallsaintarana
Jabali
Saubhagyalak$mi

106. Sarasvatlrahasya
107. Bahvfca
108. Muktlka

10 , 19 , 32 , 16 31
.
,
. ,
(., Nllarudra, Plntfa, Mahanarayaoa, Asrama
; Varadatapaniya ). ,
, ,
.
1865 . . 1492#,
( 154,
170, 235 . .) 30. -,
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1180 ( ).

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31:
29 . M flller, Alphabztlschzs Verzeichnlss der Vpanlshads, ZDMG
1865, Bd 19, S. 137 158.
30 Cp. UM, pt I, pp. LXVIII LXIX; M. R. Bodas, A brief survey o f
ike Upanishads , JBBRAS, v o l. XXII, 1935, pp. 678 .
Cp. S U , S. 543.

1. ,
* :
Mumjaka, Prasna, Manijokya, Garbha, Pranagnihotra,
Pin<Ja, Atma, Sarvopaniats3ra, Garu<Ja.
2. ,
:
Brahmavidya, Ksurika, Collka, Nadablndu, Brahmabifldu, Amrtabindu, Dhyanablndu, Tejoblndu, Yogasikha.
Yogatattva, Haipsa.
3. :
Brahma, Sannyasa, Aruneya, Kan{harutl, Paramahaipsa, Jabala, Asrama.
4. , (
) .
Atharvaslras, Atharvaslkha, Nllarudra, Kalagnirudra,
Kaivalya.
5. , :
Maha, Narayana, Atmabodha, Nrsiqihaporvatapaniya^.
Nrsliphottaratapaniya, RamapQrvatapaniya, Ramottaratft1
panlya.
*

,
(. . 1.1.1).
,
,

.
33
32

, .
pt I, p. LXXXVI s q .t
pt II, p. XXI sq.: S. Belvalkar, R. Ranade, pp. 90 sq.; 168 sq.; R. Ranade,
S urvey, p. 18 sq.; S. Chakravarti, The philosophy, p. 81 sq.; A. E. Gough,
The philosophy o f Upanishads and ancient Indian m etaphysics, London,
1903, p. 95 sq. .
ss . , . 51, .; BS, 1934, pp. VII XXVIII;
BRM, pp. V XXXV.

SU; UM,

,
(kanija);
(adhyaya), (
5 15) (brahmana). (
)
. 1-
. 24-
,
. 5-
, ,
. 6-
,
.
,
; .
34, ,
.
310- .
chandoga (, , . . )
(;
, ).
8 (prapathaka),
(khantfa). ,

;
. 12-
(. . I. 1. 1) .
3-
. 4-
( , . .).
6- (
), 7- ( ). 8- .
34
Chdndogya-upani$ad trad, et annotee par E. Senart, Paris, 193, pp.
VII XXXII; The ChSndogya upani$ad by Swami Swahananda, Madras, 1956,

pp.

VIILVIII .

35 :
4 6- 2- .

. 1-
, 2- (
, ),
. 3-
(prajna) .
36 ( ) 3 6- (
) . 1-
( ), ; 2-
; 3-
();
4-
, .
37,
( )
. 1908 .
25 ;
, :
, , , . .
38
(kena itam... .: ../).
Talavakara, ,
. 4 .
.

.
39
35 A itareya upa nisad , ed. L. Silburn, Paris, 1950;
, ,
,
. Les upanishad".
36 K au$ltaki upanisad... publ. par L. Renou, Paris, 1948.
37 Baskala-m antra upanisad , publ. et trad, par L. Renou, Paris, 1956.
38 Kena upani$ad , publ. et. trad, par L. Renou, Paris, 1943.
39 T aittirlya up anisad , ed. E. Lesimple, Paris, 1948.

3 (79- ),
valli (.: ). slksa valli, . .
,
, . Brahmananda (
*) Bhrgu ( ,
) .
. 40,
.
.
.
( Kathaka) 41 ,
3 valli, .
, , -,
(X. 135). ,
, ,
, .
, .
:
(
, , ).
42
.
(
, . . ;
).
1- 3 5- ,
. 2- .
6- .
( Maltrayanlya) 43 7
40 La MahU upani?ad, 6dltion critiq u e... par J. Varenne, t. I,
Paris, I960.
41 Cp. J. N. Rawson, The a t ha Upan i?ad, O xford, 1934, pp. 4053;
F. W eller, Versuch elner K rltik der Ka(hopani$ad, Berlin, 1953; Ka\ha
upani$ad, publ. et trad, par L. Renou, Paris, 1943.
41 Svetaivatara upanifad, publ. et tradult par A. Sllburn, Paris, 1959
( Svetfr&vatara).
49 M aitri upanlfad... ed. par m-Ile Esnoul, P aris, 1956.

. , -,
, , ,
,
. 57- ,
, ,
.
44, ,
.
, ,
. ,
,
:
.
( Tsavasya) 43 ,
, , : . , , :
isavasyam, .: . "; VaJasaneyi saiphlta, , , 40- .
18 ,
.
.
, .

.
16 .
- .
,
, .

,
.
* 6 ,
(prasna):
44 CMgaleya upanisad, publ. et trad, par L. Renou, P aris, 1959.
45 Sri Auroblndo, Isha Upanishad, Pondicherry, 1951.
48 Pra&na upanl$ad, e d ... J. Bousquet, Paris, 1948.

1) ; 2)
{) ; 3)
; 4) ; 5)
; 6)
. ,
.
*7, . .
(muntfa; ) ,
(mun<jaka) .
,
, , .
, "
.
. (
) .
48 (12
)

(, ,
).

(Karlka),
.

,
; ; (Kalvalya ", ")
. .

.
,

47 Mundaka upanisad, publ. et trad, par I. Maury, Paris, 1943.
48 Mdivfilkya upanisad. et Karlka, de Gautfapdda, publ. et trad, par
E. Leslmple, Paris, 1944.
49 K alvalya upanisad, publ. et trad, par B. Tublnl, Paris, 1952.

,
.
,
50.

.
, , ,
: ,
, 51.
. ,
,
, ,
.
(

). ,
- ( ),
,


* .
.
,
.
52, ,
-
(., IV.3.2330 , ,
60 . R. Ranade, Survey, p. 34 sq.; H.
Oldenberg,
Die Lehre,S . 128
sq .; Idem, Zur Geschlchte der Altlndlschen Prosa, B erlin, 1917, S. 30 sq.;
P. Deussen, D ie Philosophle, S. 23 sq.; S. Belvalkar, R. Ranade, p. 142 sq.
.
61 Cp. W. Ruben, O ber die Debatten in den alten Upanl$ads, ZDMQ,
N F , 1929, Bd8(Bd 83), S. 238 255.
6J . H.
Oldenberg, Die Lehre, S. 302
(Anm. 114);

. . Helmann, Studien
E igenart Indischen Denkens, Tliblngen, 1930, S. 18) sq. ( . H elmann, Studien).

, , , , , ; . V. 2023 :
. .). ,

(., IV.1.27 .).
(.,
111.13.8; 14.4; 15.7; 17.7; 19.4 . .).

, , ad hoc
: , ,
saman, putra, puruga, rudra, aditya . (. .
). ,
. ,

( 11,4.79).
,
, ( .8.2)
(.,
, V.2).
,
. , , itl,
Itl ( ! ) 11.3. 6; III.9.26; IV.2.4 .;
tat tvam asl ( *) VI.8.7; 9.3; 10.3; 11.3;
12.3; 13.3; 14.3; 15.3; 16.3 . .
(, , , , )
( ;
. , ,

.
,
,
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, ,

53.

63 . P. Deussen, Die Philosophie, S. 24 25.


,
-.
.
,
, - .
,
,
.

,
54,
.
,
(, ),

. , ,
,
. -,
,
, .

55 (brah
man, .) ,
(hiranyagarbha),
(lsvara), , (atman) , .
64
. W. Ruben, Die PMlosophen, passim; Idem, Uddalaka and YaJnavalkya. M aterialism and Idealism, Indian Studies:, vol. 3, 1962, 3 ,
pp. 345 354; . H. Harrison, Hindu monism and pluralism as found In the
Upanishads and in the philosophies dependent on them, Oxford, 1932,
p, 298. . . . , , ,
. 17, 20, 138 139.
66
.
. , . , . ,
. , . , . , . , . ,
. .


, ,
(. 1.4.10 aham brahma asml ";
IV.4.5 sa va ayam atma brahma ,
*; 1.5.1 tad brahma sa at ma ,
; VI.8.7, . tat tvam as! .).

,
(") .

(purua). (. .90)
,
. , ,
,
;
(.1. 4.1).

,
.
, (. ),
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58
., , . A. Patwardhan, Uparti shads and modern biology, Bombay, 1957; A. H. E w ing, The hlndu con
ception o f the functions o f breath, JAOS, 1901, v ol. 22, pp. 240 308
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s* ., ., V. M lshra, Life In India as revealed in theClUfndogyopanifad, Indian culture, 1946, vol. XIII, pp. 126 134.

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60 . P. Deussen, Die Philosophie, S. 17 sq.; .
( , . , . ) . : . . Keith,
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VIII. 7 8 VII. 10, -, . 1.2


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baum* . . 11, Le polythiisme hlndou , Paris, 196, pp. 507511
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History o f DharmatOstra , vol. II. pt II, Poona, 1941, p. 1228 sq . :
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Mehendale. Two derivatives in -ya Bull, of the School of Oriental and

African Studies4*, vol. 25, 1962, p 597 sq. (:

M. A. Mehendale, Two

derivatives).
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dnigm es) (aSanaya), (atmanvin), ..
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Chatter] 1, The significance o f the phrase a evarjt veda in Upani$ads,
JA O S, vol. 50, 1930, p. 323.
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* ( ; PU, 153; , 3; UM, 76).
. . . : atti (. *)... aditi
(.*). ; cq (Aditi .
*, *)

,
(. 1.89. 10).
I. 2. 6. (bhayo)... ,
,
. . bhayo: , 3 In grossem Maafistabe; BS, 3 grandement.
(tapotapyata)... .
, . I. 2. 2.
I. 2. 7. , . . .
, (a$va .*, aSvat
.*).
. , . I. 2. 1.
( tap ati)... . . (
).
. . . atman ^ . , . I. 1. 1.
. . . . . , ,
().
. . . (,
226) : sarvam ayur eti .
* (. . ).
1. 3. 1. . . .
() ( .,
., VI. 1. 7 . )

(=* I. 2). ( , ),
prflqfls (. .) (. . I. 5. 21), ~
(vflc), (; . , . I. 3. 3 ), (cak$us),
(Srotra), (manas) (a sanya
-. I. 5. 21). ; , 1-
6- praijas (retas
VI. 1. 12); . III. 7. 16, .
. . . . . I. 1. 2.
. . . . . : ,
.
(udgltha) , . , . I.
1. 1. . Diwan Chand, Short studies in the Upanishads , A llaha
bad, 1948, p. 182 sq. ,
(. , .),

(I. 2)
,
. -, ' (. SU , 69, 385).
1.3.2. . . . (udgatar),

(r tv lj), .
, (hotar), , ;
, , ; ,
(adhvaryu), ,
; , ,
(brahman), , ?
,
; . ;
, , , .
1.3.3. ....
(=ghraija). . jighratl (*),
1.2.2 nasikyam prariam. ,4 Einhauch. , 14
.
1.3.7.
(asanyam praqam)... . 1.2.7:
jnukhyab pratfas.
1.3.8. . . . . . . ayasya asya, .*, an ga .
"; rasa .*. (. , 1.3.19)
( ,
) (Ayasya Angirasa),
, (. , 1.3.23)
. . V N .I, 3233.
I. 3. 9. , . . . D u r .*.

1.3.10.
,.. d ittm
.
Janam.
. . . ] , -,
, ,
(. PU, 158; BS, 6). . (S U ,
388) : Helden.
(. BS, 6, n. I).
1.3.12 . , (. , . 1.3.3), , ,
, ,
(agni), (vflyu), (adltya), (dl) (ca n d ra ).
,
.
, , ,
() . .
1.3.17.
. . . (
a n a .*).
. . . . . , .
1.3.19. . , . 1.3.8.
I.3.2J. (Brhaspati)
,
,
. . * (brhati
36- , ) , - #
: (. PU, 163; . , .)
BPh, 142: D ie Rede 1st wahrlich groB (brhati).
. 4 1.2.11.
1.3.21.
(Brahmaijaspati)
*,
. .
1.3.22 (sflm an)...
(. , . 1.1.1).
sa (.*) (. *), . . .

: s f l .*, . *. . .
1.67;V .2.6.
, . . . : yad veva samafc
(sama .*).
1.3.23. . . . . , *, 1.1.1; 1.3.1.
: lit . * uttabdham;
githa .
1.3.24. (Caikitaneya) (PU, 161).
. VN, I, 263 264.
[ ] . . . ] ya]fte
somam. (soma)
(Sarcostema V im lnalis A scleplas Acida).

,
.
. ,
, ,
, -. . VN, , 474 479.
. . . . . .
1.3.25. (artvijyam) rtvij . . 1.3.2.
I. 3.26. 3 . . . : 1) suvarga
."; 2) su +varga ".
1.3.28. (pavamananam)
(abhySroha),
().
(prastotar) (. . 1.3.2),
(prastava).
. . . . . ,
, .
1.4.1.
(. PU, 163; UM, 8 5 elf; BS, 10; SU, 392 atman; , 9 Selbst . .) * (atman) . ,
(", . Odem), at (") . ., ,
" (. , . 1.1.1),
", " , ,
, ",
(., .5.14), (.,
) . . . , ,
. I, ., 1956, . 124 .; . G. Naraharl, Atman in pre-upani$adic
and vedic literature , Adyar, 1944, pp. 1720; at
man : J. . Van Gelder, Der atman in der GrossenWald - Geheimlehre, s-Gravenhage, 1957; E. G. Carpanl, Chandogya and
Brhadaranyaka Upaniads. Philosophical notes , cWoolner commemoration
volume, Lahore, 1921, pp. 2933.

(. , . 1.2.1); (. , 1.4.15;
1.5.1 .) (. .
, , . I, . 140 .).
,
(. 1.1.4).
atman viraj. . : . Heimann, Studien , S. 41 sq.; M. Harrison,

Hindu monism and pluralism as found in the IJpanishads and in the


philosophies dependent on them , Oxford, 1932, p. 89 sq. .
purua (.: ", ")
(. PU, 163; UM, 85 person; SU, 392 Mensch, , 9 G eist;
BS, 10 purua). ( X.
90; . . 1.1.1) , ^

. ,
.
, -,
;
\
.
. . . . . . : pflrvo*
...auat, tasmat puruafo.
1.4.2. . . . ,
; -
, . , ,
(. 7), .
1.4.3.
. . . *
(, 189 ).
(ardha-brgalam iv a )...
. . UM, 85, . 3.

(Yajnavalkya Vajasaneya) ,
(V ajasaneyi Sarphita) *
(. , .6, .),
(. , II,4;III;IV);
, III IV . . W. Ruben, Die
Philosophen , S. 156 sq.; P. V. Kane, H istory , vol. I, 1930, p. 168 sq ;
VN,II, 189 19.
1.4.6. [ ] .... e. , . . SU, 394; die vor den Mund gehaltene Hande; UM, 86,
n. 2. (1.2.1),
. ( ; . ), .
() () .
. . . . . .
. . . . (BS, 11,
. 2) ,
, . (5 , 394, Anm. 1)
.
. . . . , . 1.3.24.
. . I.2 .1 ;1 .4 .1.
. . . . . .
. . . . . ,
().
1.4.7. (nama-rapabhyam)... (naman)
,
; () , .
(. PU, 167).
(. , . 383 9 .)

[ ] . . . . IV.20.
. . . : vlSvambharo (.: .*,
). . PU, 166; SU, 394; , 11. . (BS, 11,
. 5) vi&vambhara
. . . (W . W hitney,
Bdhtlingk's Up a n i s h a d s American Journal of Philology, 1890, vol.
X i, p. 431 : W. W hitney, Bohtlingk's) ,
- .
1.4.10 .; 17. . . . . V I.2.
1.4.10. -,
(. . 1.3.8).
(Vamadeva) ,
' IV , (.
...* IV .26.1). , ,
. . VN, II, 286 287.
(Manu) , 14 ,
(kalpa manvanta . *). (.*)
mflnavadharma6astra
(. *).
7- (V aivasvata *),
(), .
(aham brahmasmitl).. . . , . 30.
. P. Deussen, Die Philosophie , S. 37.
. . . ,
. P. Deussen, Die Philosophie , S. 58.
. . . . . . . (PU, 168
169), , ,
. *
,
.
:
.
1.4.11. . . .
: 1) (brahmaoa), 2 )
(k$atriya) , 3) (vai$ya) , . 4)
(6adra) , ,
. . , , ,
, ,
, (PU, 169).
(k$atra .*, .*; . VN. 1.232)
,
.

(Indra) . . 1.2.1. (Va ruga) ,


, . (Soma)
. . 1.3.24. (Rudra .*) ,
(. , . 1.4.12);
, , . (Parjanya .
*) , . (Yama)
, ,
, . (m rtyu .*)
(. , . 1.2.1.); ,
. (ISana.- ),
, , .
(rajasaya) ,
. . P. V. Kane, History , vol. II, pt II, p. 1214 sq .;
V N, II, pp. 219223.
1.4.12.
( v i $ .*, .*, .*)
, . .
(vasu .*, .*) .
, .
. , , : ( .
*),* Dhruva (. *), Soma (.*), Dhava Dhara (.*),
A nila (.*), Anala Pavaka (.*), Pratyua (.*), Prabhase
(. * ). . . ,
III.9.3.
(rudra) , , *
, (. . 1.4.11); ,
-. ;
, (., :
Ajaikapad, Ahirbudhnya, , Nlrrta, iSvara, Bhuvana, Angaraka, Ardhaketu,
Mftyu, Sarpa, Kapalin), . . , III.9.4.
(adltya) (Varuqa, Mltra, Aryaman, Bhaga,
Daka, Amsa Sarya Savltar) ,
(. . 1.2.5). 4 . ~
(.
, III.9.5). ,
( ;
. . II.5.16) ,
(. , III.9.1).
(vlSvedeva) 12 ( 13) ,
(VISva), . : Vasu, Satya, Kratu,
Daka, Kala, Kama, Dhrti, Kuru, Puraravas, Madravas', ^ocaka ( Locana)
Dhvanl ( Dhari).
(sraddha) ; ( valsvadeva). .
P. V. Kane, H istory , vol. II, pt II, p. 741 sq.; vol. IV, 1946, p. 334 s q .

( rut) , (
). ( VIII.96.8),
;
.
1.4.13. (*, ", *,
. ) , ,
. ,
.
(varqa) , .
1.4.14. (dharma, dhar *) ,
(*, *,
! *, *, *);". P. V .
, H istory , vol. I. pp. lsq . (. PU, 170
justice; U M ,,8 9 law; , 178 righteousness; BS, 13 loi; SU, 396 BB,
13 Recht.) ,
.

[ ] (aS aip sate)... . SU, 396; PU, 170


. (A. Hillebrandt, Aus Brahmanas und Upanisaden, Jena
1921, S. 171 Anm. 46) asaipsate (
*).
. . . Satya *, *
*; . PU, 170 truth, UM, 8 9 true; BS, 14 ; SU,
396 , 13 Wahrheit. , *, *
(. X.
109.6; V.17.10);
(. PU, 170). . 1.6.3; II.3.1; III.9.1 2;
IV . 1.4 .
1.4.15. . . . ,
(vlkara) .
. . . . . , .
, . . . . .V III.2.
1.4.16. A t ... atman, ,
(. SU , 397; BS, 14, . 5).
* (PU, 172) (bhatayajfla),
(manuya-), (pitr-), (deva-), (brahma-)
(. * III.69 .).
. . . . ., , .
1.4.17. . . . , atman * (. PU, 172).
[ ] ... . . ,
* (
ruti,
smrti; .: *).

. . 1.4.16;
. . , , ,
; . . (manas)
, , . ,
, (. *, .
* . .), . . Helmann, Significance , p. 8893. .
II. 2 7'
1.5.1. . . . . . . . 1.2, ,
.
(pratikena).. . . UM, 92 wi th his face; , 15 mit dem
zugewandten K6rpertheile; . , 1.5.2. , pratika
.*.
1.5.2. . . . . . , ,
.
. . . . . . -, pur'ua (. .^ 1.4.1)
, (. BS, 17, . 1).
1.5.3. , . . . :
, , , , ,
.
. . . . (SU, 402).
. . .
(). . , .31. . , III.
4.1; 9.26; , 3237; . PU, 176; SU, 402; 913;
. P. Regnaud, Etudes de philosophie indienne. Les dogmes , . Revue
Philosophique*, 3 an. 2, 1878, p. 177 sq.; ib id ., J* 5, 1878, p. 538;
P. Deussen, Die Philosophie , S. 248252.
1.5.4 . . . . , , ,

, :

.*

()

1.5.11. (ta sy a i).,.


- . . LLIama*
namxa . . , 1.5.18; 23 . . S, 123.
1.5.12. . . . -, ,
(). . PU, 177; UM, 95; , 17;
BS, 19. . tau . * (SU, 402).
1.5.14. ($oda$akalab),..
(. II.9),
16 (kala).

.
1.5.15. . . . puru$a ( .
. V I.7).
. .
1.5.16. (karm aija)... -,
: , . . (.
PU, 179; SU, 403; , 18). ,
, pitryana devayflna (. ).
1.5.17. ... samprattlb, ,
, (. .
* 11.15).
...
. (SU , 404) brahma .G ebet*.
. . . .
. . . . . , .
[ ] . . . . . .
. . . lokyara
(.
M-W, 907; PU, 179; , 18); , ,
-; UM, % world-son; BS, 2, . 1 qul a du monde; S U ,
44 daft er W elt [-Erfahrung] . . M. A. Mehendale, Two derivati
ves , p. 59961.
. . . . (SU , 404) . (UM, 96)
pranaih, , ;
, ,
(daivafci amrta; . 1.5. 1820).
. . . .
^ putra: put (. * ), tra (.*), . . . * (. .
* IX. 138), putra (.
*), . . . , * (.
rnacyut *; VI.61.1).
. . . . . .
1.5.18. . . . . . , 1.5. 11 13.

1.5.20. . . . . (PU, 183) .


(UM , 97) devata ;
. (SU, 405) (. , . , 1.2.1).
, ,
, .
. V.18.1 .
1.5.21. (vrata-m im aipsa)... vrata,
, * (upasana), . SU,
405 Gelflbde.
(karm agi)...
(=praqas; . , . 1.3.1).
. . . . praitfs 1.3.2 .; VI. 1.7 .
(madhyamab )...
, . , -,
,

(. , VI. 1. 7 14).
. . .
.
(iti adhyatmam; . , .
1.1.1) 144 : .*.
1.5.22. . . .
( , agni; ,
aditya . .) . , . 1.3.12 . , -,
, (. ). (Vayu)
, -,
,
(. ) ,
(. Kay II. 12 1 3 - S U , 37; IV. 3.14).
1.5.23. . . . . IV.9 SU,*280.
. . . . , . 1.4.14.
. . . . . , , , ( caiva ; . , .
1.2.3), . -
,
( ). . , II. , . . . ,
2- ., , 1960, , . 306. ', 406; PU, 182;
, 20; . : . . Ewing, The hindu, p. 249 sq.
(V I.4. 10 11) (.
*) . (W . Caland, Zur Exegese und K rltik der rltuellen
Sutras, ZDMG, 1897, Bd 51, S. 1 3 3 -1 3 4 ; 1901, Bd 55, S. 2Q1 sq.;
W. Caland, Zur Exegese)', : BS 22, 114. .
BM, 244 BRM, 117 respiration and excretion.

. . . . ., -,
(. UM, 98).
1.6.1
. . . . :
(naman), (; . , . 1.4.7) (karman; . ,
1.4.15; 17), , , ,
. :
, (atman; . BS, 22), ,
, , .
, , -,
(uktha , , . . 1.1.1); -,
( - saman, ; , 145
146 ") , ,
( " bibharti; brahman; . JJM, 99 prayer;
, . SU , 406). ,
.
(. , 1.6.3).
I.6.3. . . .
(amrta); ,
, (satya; . , .
I. 4.14), .

II.1.1. . . .
Drpta ", * (.
SU , 407; UM, 10D, . 4),
"; , . Balaki
(Balaka).
(Gargya ") .
Garga , , ,
(. 1.3.8), ( VI. 47). .
IV. 1. . V N ,1,226.
(AjataSatru ")
(KaSi; .: , ).
. CHI, . 122 sq.; V N, I, 13.
. . . (. ,
. 1.2.1; 1.4.1)
. , ,
, :
( . . 1.4.1; 1.5.2), , , ,
. ., . . .
(. , . 35).
IV. . 41. 8; V .11 18.
(. Ill, 1 .; IV. 1 .
. . ) .

[ ] . . .
. (III, 1.1; IV. 1.2 .).
(Janaka) ( VIdeha . ; . VN. 11.298299), >
. , III IV
(. V. 14.8; Kay IV. 1),
. , .
, -
.
, , : ,
(. , 21). *
(PU, 184):
.
. . Raychaudhuri, Political history o f India , Calcutta, 1933,
p. 48 sq. ( H. Raychaudhuri, Political history ), CHI, p. 122, 317;
N. Sastri, History o f India , pt. I, Madras, 1953, p4 26 27; V N , I, 271 273.
II.1.2.
. . . Raja, , .*
(dlpti -gugopetatvat).
. . . . . 1.2.1.
,
, (. .5.2.20: tarn yatha yathopasate tad
eva bhavati PU, 185).
II. 1.3. . . . . . L 3.24.
. . . .* ( .
PU, 185).
. . . (sutah Jprasuto b h a v a ti)... ,

(PU, 185, , 258).
II. 1.5. ( )... . III. 12.7 SU, 106;
V , 15.
II.
1.6. (vayau ).., , , . 1.5.22. .
, , vayu air.
(V aiku^ha). .
, .
. . . , *
(. , . 1.4.12).
II.
1.7. (v iS a sa h ir)... .
forbearing (.*, .*),
: marayita .
IL1.8. (pratirnpa)... . PU, 186 likeness.
.*, . .- . . (, 22) fcEntsprechende*
. prat 1p a .*; . SU, 408 W ohlgestaltetes; BS, 25 Beau.
22Wi

1 77

IV. 10 11, * (tejasa atma),


* (pratirapa), ,
pratirapa (II. 1.8) rocisnur
(II. 1.9). . VIII.7.4.
. . . . . , ,
: , *.
11.1.10. (ayam... Sabdo)... , ,
. . (SU, 409) * (Odem):
(asur)... -,
, .
11.1.11. (d v itiy o )... , .
(. . 1.4.12),
.
10
.
II.
1.13. . . . . . 1.1.1. , atmani puru .
II.
1.14. . . . . . , ,
^ (param) (amukhyam)
(, , ;, . ,,
. 1.6.1).
11.1.15. . . . . , . 35.
II.
1.16. ? . . .
(vijnanamayah puruah) ,
.
(. VIII. 10 12), ,
,
(. , II. 1.20). . . Heimann,

Die Tiefschlaf.
II.1.17. (SdSya)... . UM, 104 having... absorbed.
( ntar-hrdaya akaah)...
.
*, , (IV .2.3; 4.22).
. III. 12.9 .
. . . svapiti *, :
(apiti apyeti) * (sva>.
. . . . .
, . 1.3.3.
II.
1.18. (. , IV .3 .9
.)... uccavacam nigacchati.
II.
1.19. 72 000 xuma (hlta)
, (puritat; . , IV .2.3; 3 .2 0 );
, -

, , , , . ,
(. VIII.6.6). . G .C .O . Haas, Recurrent and
parallel passages to the principal U pant?ads and the Bhagavadgltd,
JAOS, vol. 42, 1922, p. 6.
. . . , purltatam .
II. 1.20. ... ( ., ., VI. 10).
. . . . . . (. Kay IV. 20;
V I.26; XII. 9102).
(tasyopaniat)... .
* , . 10, .; upani$ad: , *.
(satyasya satyam )...
. . , ,
(. , 1.6.3; . P. Pandit, The Upanishads. Gateways o f
knowledge , Madras, 196, p . 27). . : . Oerter,
Zum altindischen Ausdruckverstarkungstypus satyasya satyam 9das
Wahre des Wahren ndie Quintessenz des Wahrene Sitzungsberichte
der Bayer. Akad. der W issenschaften. Philos, hist. Abt., 1937, H. 3, S. 28.
11.2.1. (ium)... cp. PU, 191, UM, 105 babe, BB 25
Kind; SU , 4 1 1 junge Tier, BS, 28-le Jeune animal du sa crifice.

(. , 1.5.21).
. . . , ,
, , . ;
,
, . . IV. 1.
[ ] . . . [ ] . . . . PU, 191; BS, 28.
. . . ,
(PU, 191).
11.2.2. . . 1.4.11; . .3.12;
. 1.1.1; . 1.2.1.
11.2.3. . , . . .8.9.
. . . arvag b ilas .
. . . , (II.2.1),
: , , (
; . II. 2.4).
.2.4. [ ]... (. 1.3.8;
4,10), : (Gotama), (Bharadvaja), (ViSvamitra), (Jamadagni)
(Vasitha), (), (A tri).
. ,
(VIII. 1.1 2), :
, , , ,
. . VN, s.v.

. . . vac - (.
II.2.3), - (. PU, 192; UM, 106; SU, 411, 413; . , VI. 1.8
C .I.); . 1 . ^ (, 2d) : Stimme; . (BS
2 3 ) parole. ,
, -
.
" . . . : atti - atri, - .
II.3.1
. . . .
;
, , ,
(. , 1.6.3., II. 1. 2); . V I.3).
(marta), (martya),
(sthita) , ( s a t . satya,
1.4.14; 6.3; BS, 29, n. 2 le reel, le posltif, le sensible),
(rasa) , .
(amurta),
(amrta), (yat) (tyat; .: - ; . , III.9.9;
SU, 413 jenseitige; , 26diese, BS, 29transcendant).

(. IV .2.2; V.5.2; 1.6.7; IV. 15.1 ).
-
; .
:

(

|-
{
1

11.3.1. . . . Sat tyat


satya (*; . . .)
*, ,
*, . 14 .
.3.3. (ity adhidaivatam )... . (SU, 414)
.
II.3.4.
. . . . UM, 107, 146 :
*1.
II.3.6.
(indragopa; .: ")
- (Hem ipte) (Coccidae), ',
; . SU, 4 1 4 [roter] Indragopa-Kafer; , 27; BS, 30 coccinelle;
UM, 108 cochineal.
. . . . IV .4 ;
[ ] , [ ] ( iti it ! ) ... . , III.9.26; IV .2.4; 4.22;
5.15. , ,
, -
(. , III.8 .8 .).
(. F. Heller,
The idea
o f God in indian and western mysticism , The Indo-Asiafl
Culture*, vol. IX, 1960, N o .l, p. 4547). ., .,
(815877): Deus propter excellentiam non immerito Ni hi l vocatur.
. ',
- , it*
it 1 , .
. (A. H illebrandt, Weitere Bemerkungen za den Upani$ads, ZDMG, 1915, Bd 69,
S. 105 106), na iti, ,
: !*, !* (. . Vtj-). .
(A. Wayman, The Buddhist not this , not this*,
Philosophy East and W est*, 1961, vol. XI, pp. 99 114).
. . . satyasya satyam
. , II. 1.20.
11.4.1. ,
. . . . , . 1.4.3. () (KatySyan l ) . ,
^ ,
(IV .5). . S. N. Dasgupta, Hindu
mysticism , New York, 1959, p. 37 sq.
. . .
.
(aSrama), :
(brahmacarin), (grhastha), ,
(vanaprastha), , (samnyasin).

( ). . P. V. ,

H istory , vol. II, pt II, p. 917 sq. .


( .4 . 1 ; III.5; III.8.10; IV.4.22; VI.2.15): . W lnternltz,
Zar Lehre, S. 215 sq.; L. Skurzak, Etudes , p. 35 sq.
11.4.2.
. . .
, , I, 26
29; 1.2.
, . .: , - .
11.4.3. . . . bhagavan
, , (. PU, 196, 280).
11.4.4. ... . . . .
,
, : even before- (PLJ, 193, . 282).
11.4.5. . . . . . . . . 1.4.11.
[ ] . . . 5 . (SU ,
417) 6 7.
. . . . .
().
11.4.6. . . . . VI. 1.3 6 ; My I. 1.3; SU,

154.
II.4.10. [ ] . . . : are. . , 1.4.12 14.
(mahato b h a ta sy a )... . . .
, . . . .
, IV. 1.2; 5.11;
V I.32; VII. 1.2 .
(. P. Deussen, Die Philosophie ,
S. 52; . Faddegon, The Catalogue o f sciences in the Chandogya Upani^ad (VII, 1.2), Acta O r i e n t a l s , vol. IV, 1925, pt I, p. 46 sq .) Amxap (. . 1.2.5). atharyan girasas ( *) *,
, (. . I. 3.8)
.
, ,
; .
184 (. 167) : .
. . . ,
. (itih a s a .:
*) ,
; , , .
( *) ,
, , -, IV XIV .
.
. . . vidya , -,
.
(Sloka) ; -

,
(pflda):
------- w
w . .* ( ., ., , 1.5.1).
, -, : .*, .* {.
JVUW, 1104).
(sat .*, .*)
(,
, . .); smrti (. ,
. 1.4.17; , . 8).
Unuvyakhyftnlni . *)
,
, .
(vyakhyananl) , (. V N , II,
337).
11.4.11. . . * . VI. 10.1; Kay III.4.
... . (UM 111) saqikalpanampercepts;
. (BS, 33) .
. . . . (, ) . (SU , 418)
vedanam W issenschaften.
11.4.12. . . . . VI. 13,
(vijnana-ghana)...
IV (IV .5.13) prajftana-.
, ...
, , , (.
). .
(saipjna),.. . , 30; SU , 418; BS, 33; U VI, 112
PU, 200 knowledge, . .
, IV .4.2. . , V. , . II, , 1961,
. 210, . 219, 2 (Max. XII, 7931).
II.4.14. , . . . . , IV .3.31; VII. 2425.
. . . . . , .
(vijfiataram)... . . , ,
, ,
.
.5.1 .

1 14
14 : 1) , 2) , 3) ,
4) , 5) , 6) , 7) ,
8) , 9) , 10)
, 11 ) , 12) (satya)
; 13)
,
14)

(
).
.

1.5. 2122 .

(madhu; . III. 1),


(. . .). ,
, ,
, .
. . V. Kapali Sastry, Lights on the Upanishads , Madras, 1947, p. 144
sq. ( Kapali Sastry, Lights).
II.5.1.
. . . ,
,
.
, , (. , .
1.4.1). , , ,
, , . . (UM, 113 sq.)
1 14 : both (. . )
are madhu. , ayam eva s a. . .
: , , , (
).
. . . idam
; ;
, .
.5.6. , . . . prdtirutkas
(PU, 203).
11.5.9. ... stanayitnu megha-garjanam (
). . PU, 204; UM, 115, . 1.
.
. . . sauvaras: svare vi$e$ato bhavatit
sauvarah. . BB, 32; SU , 420 Ton; BS, 36son; P U ,204 tone; UM, 1 1 5 voice; 148 .".
11.5.10. . . .
>6 4 .
11.5.11. . . . . . 1.4.14. . (BS, XVI) lo idroit (. PU, 204: law lawa
abidingness).
11.5.12. (sa ty a )... cp. BS, XVI: realite-vracit;
P U , 205: truthtruthfulness; UM, 115, n. 2the true, the real; BM, 388
truth, 148 ".
II.5.14. . . . . . 1.4.1.
II.5.16. (madhu)... . . .
(Dadhyaflc Atharvapa)...
, (. . II.4.10). . . V. Kapali Sastry,
Lights , p. 132 sq.; V N .I, 338339.
(aSvinau) , .
. ,
(. ).
, , -

(madhuvidya),
, , -
.
. . *,
, .
.
. . . . 1.116.12.
II.5.17. . . . . 1.117. 22.
(Tvatar .*) , ,
.
.5.18. . . . (pura ; .: . * ).... S U ,
423; BS, 37. : .* (s a ).
. UM, 117; PU. 207; , 401. : .*
(.,|., , XII, 11132). .
(, 34) puras puris zuerst.
. . . linga-Sariram
, , (. PU, 207 sub
tle body).
11,5.19. . . . . V I.47.18.
(mayabhlb). .

prajflabhib, . . . ,
*.
(harayafo)... ,
(indriyani).
(sarvanubhoh)... . P U , 208all-perceIving; UM, 117omniscient; SU , 423 alivemehmende; BB, 34 A lles erschauende, BS, 38 source de toute perception.
II.6 .1.3.
(vaipSa)...
( ).
( sampradaya)
, (ruti; .
, . 1.4.17), . , *
, 57 ;
(IV . 6 . 13)
58 .
(V I.5.14)
51 46 .
- ,
, , -, , . . (. . 1.4.3).
patronymica, metronymica; (, .). . SU , 377378.
II.6.2.
. . .
. ,

, .
.
II.6.3.
. . 1.3.8; . .. 16.
(Param ethin . *; .*)
, (, , .).
(V iraj) ,
. (. . 1. 2 . 1).

III. 1.1. . . 1.4.3.


. . . . , . 1.1.

(kuru-paflcalanam)...
-
. . V N, 1, 165 169, 468469.
((1) :: .*. , 5
. , = 1/4 , . . 1 (suvar^a=
9,48 ; . . . Rapson, Indian coins , Strassburg, 1897, S. 2).
(, 410, . 1), pada
1/ .
III.1.2.
. . . brahmiihah (.:
.*). , -, .
* (. BS, 41, . 1).
^ (Sama&ravas . , .
) . {UM, 121, . 3)
: glory of the Saman. Cp. VN, II, 443.
. . . . . 1.3.2.
. . . . . . . (3 ;J , 428)
: Fflgte spottisch hinzu.
III.
1.3 .
.
, , (. . 1.3.2). ,
, ;
; ;
( ; . ,
III.1.9) . (. . 1.3.12 .; 5.22).
(atim uktih)... . .
(. S, 42, . 1).

III.
1.4. . . . ,
, (viparinama-hetuh kalaft).
.
III.
1.5. (pflrvapaka)
, ,
. ()
, .
. . . . . . , (vayu),
(sntratman), ,
.
111.1.6. (anarambagam iv a )... ,
iva (*) eva (.*, .*), . .
, (. BS, 42; BPh, 196, Anm. 12). , 150: .
*.
. . . sampada (.*)
. . (BS, 42)
(les pratiques).
111.1.7. (r g b h ir )... . (PU, 213) :
{Kinds of] Rg verses.
, . . . . - (puronuvakya, yajya, a sy a )... . , . ,
. .
III.
1.8. . . .
: , (u]jvalanti)
. (atinedante
: ativa Sabdaip kurvanti; atined .
- , .*; . , 37; SU, 429; BS, 43, 151 .
*) . (adhiSerate), . .
, . . UM, 123, . 2.
. . . [ ] (ativa hi p itflo k a h )... (PU, 214). .
; SU , 429 1st gleichsam oben iiber; BS, 43par dela; BPh,
197 fiber die Menschenwelt hinaus. , ,
, fiberstromt,
, hinunter strebt* ( , 38).
III.
1.9. . . . gopayati.
gopayiyati ( *).
. . . ,
(. , III. 1.6).
. . . . , . 1.4.12.
III.
1.10. (adhyatmam). . . . .
1. 1 . 1 .
[ ] . . . . . 1.5.3; 23. .
, vyana , ,

(B S, 43 . 1). . : W. Caland, Zur Exegese , ZDMG,


1901, Bd 55, S. 261 sq.; 1902, Bd 56, S 556. : prana
(puronuvakya) ;
, , vyana ,
(. 1.3.4).
. . . . . 1.3.1.
III.2.1.
(Jaratkarava Artabhaga)
Jaratkaru ( ). . V N, I, 287.
. . . (grahah...
atigrah a... .: *, *
*). ( , ^
) , a ti
graha, (* ). . SU,
431; BPh, 199 Greifer Obergreifer; , 38Ergreifer m achtigere greifer ( . B ohtlingks, . 434); PU, 215p e r c e i
ve rs over-perceivers; UM, 125 . . (B S,
44, . 1) ( graha *
atigraha *).
III.2.2.
()... . , 1.3.3. . (, 38) Einhauch.
(. PU, 215).
. . . ...
, . (gandhena...pranena; . , 2 4 2 .
ap3nena...apanena. . BS, 44 s c u
f f l e odeur; SU, 432 A ushauch Einhauch; BPh, 199 AtemAusate n
C m . BS, 124.
111.2.10. . . . . e. (
).
, [ ] , [ ,
] (so pam annam, punar mrtyum jayat i ) . . cp. SU, 430; . , 1.2.7. ,
(. . , )
. . PU, 4647.
111.2.11. . .

, . .
. (IV .4 . 6 )
.
111.2.12. . . . . VII. 1.4 5. . . 1.4.7.
111.2.13. . . . . . . . , . . 5. 1 . 1.1.4, (. 1.4.1) ,
, , ,
, , .
. . . . . V .9.7.
. . . atman hrdayakasam (
). . , II.5.10 .

. . . , .
. , . 11.
. . . . .
( karma . , 1.5.16; 21 .). . X. 16.3.
111.3.1. (Bhujyu LahySyani)
(Lahya).
(carak ah )... . . ,
.
Mad - .
(Patancala ) Kapi. .
V N . I, 473474.
. . . . . 1.1.2. ,
. . , III.7.1.
(Sudhanvangirasa), A ngirasa (. , . 1.3.8).
(Parik$ita) (Parikit), (. . III. 1.1), , . ,
: ,
, , , ,
. . CHI, vol. I. . 120, sq.; 306; VN. I. 520.
X. (. Raychaudhuri, Political h isto ry , p. 12 sq ., 36)
IX . . .
111.3.2. loka,
. aloka ().
(antarenakaah). . .
(brahmanda). ,
, ,
- , ,
, .
*.
, , , ,
(. SU, 434). . . 1.2.1.
(suparno bhatva)... . :;UM, 128; PU, 2 1 9 bird;
SU , 435Falke; BB, 40; BPh 202Adler. . (Anm, 50),
. .
, (. SU, 434).
(atmani d h itva)... . (B S, 46, . 1)
: 1 ) , . . (
), 2) .
(v yatib )... (sam atih) . .
, . . SU ,
434; BS, 46 .

111.4.1. (Uasta ) ,
(). 1.10.1 Uasti
(pradranaka).
(sakad rokad)...
.
[ ] [ ] . . . . .
1.5.3.
111.4.2. (dr$ter dra$taram )... . .
, , . . IV .4.18. 154 155
. ...* . ., .
(artam )... . . , .
III.5.1.
(Kahola KauSltakeya)
. . VN, 1.145. , ,
( II.7).
4- 5- .
. . . ,
(Soka iti kamah).

. . . , ,
, , . .
. . (SU, 436) lokaIan3: V erlangen
nach W elt (. .); . (, 41) nach Statten; . (BS,
48) les biens de monde. ,
, . . , IV.4.22.
. . . nlrvidya
* (nih$eaqi vidttva).
(balyena tisthaset) .*, ;
(balya bala *, .*)
(panditya), (.
. 13; . , 41; SU, 4 3 5 -4 3 6 ; BS, 48, . 1; PU, 221222; BPh, 204).
(. .
XVIII.3; XXVI.24).
: balya ( bala . * ) ,
. . . (UM, 130) w ish to stand by real strength.
(m uni)... - (mauna)
.
. . . . . (PU, 221).
. . . (yena syat tena IdfSa e v a )...
. : yena syat tena i<Jra eva
bhavati ya evaip veda (Dadurch das er da 1st, wird derjenige, der Solches kennt, ein Solcher,BB, 2 6 i 8 - i 9 , 41). . (UM, 130) By whatever
means he has become a Brahmana, he is such indeed; PU, 221 (
) Howsoever he may behave, he is such, indeed; SU^
436437Darin, worin er lebet, w ie es eben kommt; BPh, 204 Wodurch

es wohl wird, dadurch wird er wohl derartig; BS, 48 par quoi il T est,
c est ce par quoi il est tel.
( a r t a m ) . c p . Kay III.3 arta
, , VII. 16.
1.6.1 .
(Gargi Vacaknavi) Vacaknu.
. (BS, XIX) ,
. . ,
. 3637.
. . . idam sarvam , -,
. , (otam protam
),
. . , III.3; . , 492 sq . pervaded by; 155
- .
(Iokeu).. , -, ,
. ;
, ,

(. BS, 49, . 12). ,
.
. . .
.
( temardha vyapapta t)... . , III.7.1; 9.26; 1.10.9 .
. . . ,
, ,
.
III.7.1.
(Uddalaka A ru n i)
, () . . , VI. 2; V. 3;
VI . . W. Ruben, Die Philosophen , S. 156 sq. ,
V I.3.7; 5.3 . . V N , I,
8 7 -8 9 .
(Kabandha Atharvana)
(. , . II.4.10).
, . . .
: , ,
. . (SU, 439) ,
, " (.
).
, ... ,
, . . SU, 439,
Anm. 1.
(antaryaminam)...
: *, (sQtratman)
, -.

(brahmagavlr).. . . . ,
(. , III. 1.1).
... :
... ; . A. Hillebrandt, Aus Brahmanas and
Upanisaden , S. 171, Anm. 52.
III.7.2.
a (Gautama)' (
). .
. VIII. 7.3.10 ,
. (BPh, 207, Anm. 82). .
V I.8.2.
IIL7.3. (prthivya antaraft)... . .
1.10: , ,
. . , ,
antara w ithin, different from (UM, 133, n. 1); .
157 .*.
111.7.8. .
,
,
. .
.
111.7.9. (a d ity e )... .
, , , .
I. 6 . 6 (aditye hiraqmayab puruo).
111.7.14. (adhlbhatam )... . .,
, .
111.7.15.
(adhyatm am )... 158 .
".
111.7.16. . . . , ,
<1.3.3), ().
(); . , . 1.3.1.
111.7.22. (vijfian e)... . SU, 443 .Erkenntnis; BPh^
209 Erkennen; UM, 136 Knowledge; PU, 229understanding; BS, 53 In
tel IIgence*. (, 292) manasi; , 46
im Denkorgan. -.
"
, . .
; .
111.7.23. . . . . .4.5; IV .5.6.
. . . . . , ,
.
III.8.1. . ... . , III. 6 .
(brahmodyarp).. . . PU, 230, UM, 136 .
. (BS, 54, . 1 ) thologie.

III.8.2. ()... . . .1.1.


. (. . II. 1.1).
. . . . . ,
.
IIL8.3. . . . . . . ,
.
111.8. 8 . (brahmaga)... . SU, 4 4 5 W elsen; PU, 2 3 2 r
knowers of Brahman.
, . . . ." (ak$ara)
, (. ,
II.3.6. . neti neti), 1* (.
PU, 232).
. . . . . .
111.8.9. (vidhftau ti$thatafc)... . ,
48 werden...auselnandergehalten; SU, 445 stehen auseinandergehalten;
BPh, 212 sin d ... dauernd getrennt; UM, 138stand apart; PU, 232stand
in their respective positions; BS, 55 ont leu existence propre.
. . . Muhflrta l/ao { = 48 ), 16 200
(nime^a).
(vetebhyafc parvatebhyafo).. . . . . .
VI. 10.1.
[ ] (darviip)... Darvi .- .
, .
111.8.10. (sa kfpagab)...
.
(sa brahmaqafo)... SU, 446Q ottheilige; PU, 233
a knower of Brahman. . , 111.5,1; 8. 8.
111.9.1. (Vidagdha Slkalya)
Sakala. , , III.2 8
(. SU, 446 sq .). . V N, II, 296.
(haitayaiva n iv id a )... N iv id
(. , . 1.4.12),
.
. . . . . 3306.
. . !1, Le polythiism e , p. 129 sq.
. . . . . 1.4.12.
111.9.2. (m ahim ana).... , 5 3 - Majestat; SU, 449
Krafte; BPh, 214 GrOflen; UM, 140-rvarious powers; BS, 57puissances;
: vlbhatayab (, ,
).
...
. . 1.4.12. . X. 125.1.
111.9.3. (e te ju h idaipsarvaqihltam )..
III.9.4 (, 32 ia- idarp. sarvaqi vasayante)

. (.
- ). . III. 16.1.
hldarp sarvaip vasu hitam, . e. . - ; . UM, 140, n. 3; SU, 450;
BS, 57.
111.9.4.

(daeme
purue pranah)...
(. III.5); , , , , , , ,
, , .
.. . atman, ,
manas; . SU , 450; BPh, 214, Anm. 113; PU, 236.
(rodayanti).. .
. . III. 16.3.
111.9.5. (adadana)... (. .
1.4.12); . III. 16.5.
111.9.6. . . . ASani ,
, , , .
(), .
111.9.7. . . . . . .
111.9 . 8. . . . ,
;
; .
(annaip caiva c e ti)... . , V.12.
, ( yam pavata).. . . (. SU, 450; BPh, 215). (vayu).
111.9.9. : ^" (adhyardhnot) .
(ddhyardha).
(tyad )... . .3.1. BS, 58 cela, le transcendent; SU , 450 Jenseltige.
111.9.10. . p . . .
, , ,
, , , , , ,
.
, , , , , , ,
. . (II. 1), IV.
()... . :
S&rayah. . , 51 hohste Z iel; SU, 451hQhster Gipfel; UM, 142 the
principle; PU, 2 3 7 -the ultimate support; BS, 58 expression ultime.
(devata)..* cp. BS, 58, n. 1: S cil. Pobjet vers
lequel il tend.
. . . , amftam
, .
111.9.11. ( )... , .
... :
.

111.9.12. (rapaiji)... . . 1.4.7. ,


(. 15; 20), .
. . . , satyam
, (. , X .90.13); 163 .*.
111.9.13. (Srautrah)... . SU, 451; BPh, 216; PU, 238. .
(BS, 59) son.
. . . . : , 541 time of hearing.
111.9.14. . . . Chaya .*.
111.9.15. ... rflpani, 1 2 , .
*, , .
. . . . (BS, 59) asu le souffle vital (.
UM, 144).
111.9.16. (a p su )... . ., , ,
. . . . 1.4.11.
111.9.17. ().
111.9.18. . . . (angaravakayanam)... . : .
*. ,
, . .
SU, 448 , 452; UM, 145, . 1 (make thee the victim ).
III.9.19 . . . . 1 9 25
.
, , , ,
:

,
( -), , (-)
.
III.9.20.
. (kim devato... asi) .
(SU, 453) [Schutz-] Gottheit. , ,
, , .
(hrdaye)... ,
(hrdayam iti buddhi-manasl eklkftya nirdeah).

111.9.21. . . . : dak$ioayaro ( .
- ) dakinayam (. ").
111.9.22. . . . :
, .
, [ ] (pratirapaqi ja ta m )... . ,
IV. 1.6, (ananda).
111.9.23. (dikayam).. . ,
,
.
111.9.24. . . . (IV. 1.7)
,
.
111.9.25. . . . ahallika . , , (ahani liyate) (. PU,
242; , 553 ghost). ,
, (aha), (Ilka). , 53
TOrichter; BS, 62 lnsens 6. '. SU, 454 Tagedieb; BPh, 219
Schwatzer. . (UM, 148) ahallika .
. . . . .
. . PU, 242; BS, 62.
111.9.26. [ ] . . . . . 1.5.3.
,
( , . .),
.
[ ] , [ ] . . . . , . II.3.6.

(agrhyafo)...
(). , . .
. . , IV.2.4; 4.22; 5.15.
. . . asito (. M -W ,
120; PU, 243 .); . , IV .2.4; 4.22; 5.15. . (S. Das
gupta, A history , vol. I, p. 45, n. l ) asito ablativus asi
(.*) .h e cannot suffer by a stroke of the sword*.
. . .

17 (. , III.9. 10 17). . SU, 448; , 62, . 4.

(niruhyapratyuhya)...
. , ,
. . UM, 149; . 2; PU, 243; SU, 455;
. (BS, 62) .le s 6vitant, les repoussant*.
. . .
XI.6 .3.11. ,
, , ,
.
, ,
. ,
.

. PU, 243.

III.9.28. . . . ,
- . . VI. 11;
(XII. 9116 .).
. . . .
, XIV. 7 10 (PU, 244).
. . . . . .
[ ] . . . , :
,
(UM, 150, . 5).
,
.
(dhflnflruha l v a ) ... . PU, 245;
: . *.
(afljasfl pretyasambhavah)... . , 55; BS, 63,
. 1; PU, 244. . (SU, 455) apretya sambhava .N och eher tot 1st*.
[ ] ( jata eva na jflyate)... . (BS,
64, . 1) :
,
, ^
(parayaijaip)...
. ,
(datub, .: ,), , ,
, , (tlthamanasya tadvN
dab). . PU, 145; SU, 456, Anm. 1; BS, 64, n. 2.
. . .
(rater datub). . , 364; 55. ratir... (UM, 151, n. 1; BS,
64,125; PU, 244).

IV.
1.1. [ ] (asaip cakre)...
. (. II. 1.1)
,
, , ,
: , ,
,
,
, .
(), ,
. .
II. 1.1 .; V .11.1 .: Kay IV. 1 . . .
(Dlghanikaya, 2).
(anvantan)... . PU, 246.
. . . Saiprat, ,
(bharatasya varasya raja),
(. , VI, 4.3).

IV. 1.2. (Jitvan S a illn i)


S ilin a.
. . . IV. 1.2; 5 ( 36 , 22) *
, , ,
.
. . . . . ,
, , ; , .
(ay a ta n a m )... : .
* (. . ).
(ekapad)... . . ,
. 167 . pada .
(prajfla) 1 ,
. . PU, 247. . , 56; SU, 457 Erkenntniss; BPh, 222 Verstand;
PU, 247 intelligence; UM, 153 Knowledge;
BS, 6 5 connaissance
(in telligen ce), 167 .*.
IV, 1.2 . . . . . .
.
IV. 1.2. (bandhuh).... ,56 Verwandtschaft; SU, 457 Angehdrige; BS, 65 lignee.
. . II.4.10. . , IV.5.11; VII. 1.2 .
. . . ,
.

. . .
.
[ ] , ... (hasty-rabharji
sahasraip)... . , 56; SU, 458; UM, 153; PU, 247; BS, 66. . (A. Hillebrandt, Weitere Bemerkungen zu den Upani$ads,ZDfAG,
192, Bd 74, S. 461462) hastyrabham: . *.
. (BS, 125) ,
,
. ., , , IV. 1.1; M-W, 1296.
IV. 1.2 . . . . ,
.
IV. 1.3. (Udanka Saulbayana)
Sulba.
( )... . , III.9.9; III.3.
, (vayu).
. . .
(ayajyam ... apratigrhyasya)
, , (ugra
).
... (api tat vadhaSankam
bhavati, diSam eti, pranasyaiva samrat kamaya) .
(UM, 154) he goes to a country, even when there is fear of being

hurt, for the sake of life ... ,


. : .
. . . . .
().
IV. 1.4. (Barku Varija) Vr$ga.
(satyam )... . , . 1.4.14;
^6.3 . ( )
, .", .
. BS, 67, . 1.
. . . ,
, ,
. . , V .14.4,
1.3.1.27 (BPh, 51).
IV. 1.5.

(Gardabhivipita
Bharadvaja) Bharadvaja (, ,
).
IV. 1.6. (Satyakama Jabala) nom. met
Jabala. IV .4 . . V N, II, 420.
(mano val b r a h m e ti)... .
III*
18. 1; III. 4. 169 ( ) manas
*.
IV. 1.7. . . . . , III.9. 24, . . , V .3.
, , hrdaya
, , ; . .
III.9.20.
. . . . (UM, 158) sthiti certainty.
. . . . . . . III.9.20.
IV .2.1. ... , , . *.
: . ,
.
(ukta-upaniatkah)... .

(BS, 70) qul as recu ellli les upanisad, , . *


(.*, .*),
. ,
:
.
[ ] . . . .
IV .2.2. (indha ^*) . ,
. (PU, 253),
, . . VII. 11.
. . . . 1.14.
IV .2.3. (viraj) .*, .*; . S U ,
-462 Strahlerin* , -

(. . 1.1.1.) , *, ,
(bhogyatvad eva).
. . . . . . .: saipstavo
*.
(lohita piprtah). . . . . .
(a s y a )... . (BS, 70) pour lui,
.
. . . . , II. 1.19; , IV .3.20; IV. 19.
. . . . . ,
,,
. . UM, 159.

(asravad asravati)... .
V I.5.13 .
, , ,
, .
IV .2.4. (t a s y a )... . . (
).
* (pracl) *,

*
(dakipa) *;
* (pratici)
.*;
*
(u d ici) *;
ordhva d ig ;
avacl
d ig .
(p ra n ah )... . BS, 7 0 les organes; SU, 462 Organe.
. (UM, 16D) : prapas which go to the east (south, e tc .).
H e . . . . , II.3.6; IH.9.26 , IV .4.22.
(abhayaip)... : . .
. . SU, 462 den Frieden; BS, 71
a la paix; 171 *.
. . . . ., ,
: *.
IV .3.1. : *(sa
vadi$ya it i)_ (. UM, vol. I, p. LXXIV;
Vol. II, . 161, . 1; PU, 254 255; , 595; SU, 463; BPh, 229).
(, 392: sam enena vadlya)
( *). .
(Anm. 39j0) , ,
, . . BS, 125.
(agnihot)
(. P. V. Kane, History , vol. II, pt II, pp. 998 sq .).
. XI. 6.2.10. . PU, 254.
, ,
, ,
(. UM, 161, . 1). . ,
(. . .), ,
,

(
). . , . 39; . 60. 171 172.
IV .3.2 4. , . IV .3.I.
IV .3.2 . . . .
purua. . (SU , 466) G eiste.
. (BS, 71 . 1) ,
. . UM, 162, . 1.
. . . . . , . . ,
.
IV .3.5. . . . vag .*.
IV .3.7. (vijflanam ayab)...
,
(buddhi-vijfianopadhi-samparkavivekad vljflanamaya lty ucyate); .
PU, 256. . , IV ,4.22. . (, 61) : A ls Erkenntniss erschelnende.
. . . ( ~
) ( , ).
. , 9.
, . . . -
(). .
III. 18.
. . . . . .
IV .3.8. . . . papmabhilj (. .).
, , . . ,
1.3. 2 .
. . . . utkraman: . Helmann, The significance o f pre
fix e s in sanserif philosophical terminology [s. l.J, 1951, pp. 16, 18*
IV .3.9.
(sandhyarp)
.
. . . . . . (papmana anandaipS ) . . . .
, IV .4.2.
(matram)...
, . . (, 61) ,
: einen klelnen T hell.
.
IV .3.10. (karta),.. ,
: ,
.
IV .3.11. . . . . . ,
, .
(su p ta n )... ,
. . UM, 165; PU, 2 5 8 senses; SU, 468 Organe; BS,
73 organes.
. . . . (BS, 73) Sukrara la v ie .

3
. . . ,
(caitanya-jyotis svabhavah).
(ekahamsah).. . .
, hamsa (") (a)ham
sa: (. . ).
IV .3.12. (avaram k u layam )... . ", avaram ".
IV .3.14. . . . . , III. 9. 26;
IV. 4. 22 .
. . . ,
, ,
,
, . . . . Abegg, Indische raumtheorie und Traum deutung , A siatische Studien, 1959, 1 4, p. 8 sq.
[ ] . . . . .
. UM, 165, . 3.
IV .3.15. (samprasade)...
(). , . (SU, 468, Anm. 2),
. . 18 .
, ... (punah pratinyayam pratiyony adravati)...
cp. PU, 269. ( 41 )
(svapnanta)
(buddhanta).
IV.3.16. (asaflgo).. . . ,
IV .4.22.
IV .3.17. a (svapnantaya).. . ,
.
.
IV .3.19. ... . V I.8.2.
.
... samlayaya .
. . . . . .
IV .3.20. ... ,
, (BS, XXIII; . S U , 464; 470
Anm. 2). , -,
,
. " (sarvo sm iti). . SU, 470,
Anm. 23; PU, 262.
. . . . II, I. 19; IV.2.3.
, . . . . IV.4.9; VIII.6.1. , , ^(
opraHii3via, ) ,
, ,

-, ,
. . UM, 167, . 1.
( at ra). . . . . .
(vicchayayati)... . BS, 125.
. . . .
(, 4 1 2) : atha yatra supto karpcana kamam kamayate
na kam svapnarp paSyati (. ,
*).
IV .3.21. . . .
, .
. PU, 262263; . Helmann, Die T ie fs c h la f ,#S. 16.
(prajnenatmana)... . .
, , . sarpparivakta . . Helmann, The sig n ific a n c e , p. 14.
IV .3.22. (bhranaha).. . .: . *.
: . *.
, (carujala)
-, (paulkasa) .
. . . (... ta p a s o )...
. (SU, 471 Anm. 4,5) ,
(. , . *
II.4.1).
IV.3.23. . . . . , . .
,
. . . PU, 264, 266. . II.4.14;
I V .5.15.
IV .3.31. , ... . II.4.14; IV.5.15; V II.24.1.
.
IV .3.32. ( s a lil a ) ... , ,
(svacchibhatah) . . II. 1.15. . (BS, 76)
au m ilieu de . sa lile (. *; . SU, 472,
Anm. 2; , 65 es w ogt) .
(d r a ta )... . , IV.3.23.
(parama anandah)... . , II.1.19.
.
( 3 3 ) . 8; .
VIII.2; 1.3, . . P. Deussen, Die P hilosophie , S. 127 133;
H. Groot, Verborgen W ijsheid uit de Oepanishaden, D eventer, 1957, p. 106 sq.
IV .3.33. (raddhah, .: .*, .*)
(. ).
[ ] (jitalokanam )... . (SU ,
472) Himmel. ,
(. , . 1.4.12).
[] (karma-devanam).. . . . ,
, (. , . IV .3 .1)

. . BS, 77, . 1; 176.


(. , ... - ), ,
(. , Anm. 4 3 a -s ).
(S ro triy o )... . - (. .
1.4.17), . . . . PU, 267. . (BS, 77) : brahmane.
(bibhayaip )... ,
, , ,
. . (PU, 267)
that this intelligent kin g should drive him to (the exposition of)
the ends of h is convictions9. Antebhya (sarvebhyo
mantebhya udarautsid Iti) . - , . - []. , 66; BPh, 236; PU, 267. . (S, 77) deloge de
toutes mes doctrines, anta (IV. 1 .1 aqvantan).
Anta .- , .- ; .
UM, 172, . 3; SU, 473 Vershanzungen; BS, 77, . 2.
IV .3.34. . . . IV .3.16.
.
IV .3.35. (63! a tm a )... ,
,
, .
.
(prajfienatmana) . (. , IV .3.21).
IV.3.36. . . . . .
. nypyuia
.
(am) M angifera Indlca; (udumbara)
(F icus Glomerata); a (pippala)
(F icus R eligiosa).
[ ] , [ ] . . . . .
.
IV .3.37. ... , ,
, . 1.5.20; 11.21.4; V .18.1 .
, , ,
(.* SU, 464; BS, 78, . 2).
(p ratyen asab )... . PU, 269; M-W, 664.
IV .3.38. . . . . II. 1.18.
IV .4.L . . . .
, ,
(). . III. 3.
(tejom atrah)... ,
. .
. - (),
; . VI. 1.13.
.

. . . . ., ,
, ,
, .
. .
IV .4.2. (eki-bhavati)... . .
, . .
(BS, 79, . 1) ; il na plus que le souffle. Cp. Kay III.3.
,
, .
... . . , .
, . . . . II.4.12; IV .5.13
pretya saipjflasti.
. . . (hrdayasya agram )... ,
.


. . . , . .
VIII. 6.6 .
. . . ,
. . . . .
. . . . , III.2.11.
. . . . UM, 175, . 1.
(parvaprajfia) ,
,
.
.
IV .4.3 . . . .
,
, (. , V I.2.15
16; V.10).
(avidyaip gam ayltva)... . (BS, 79,
. 3), ,
, avidya .* (. )
.dpoulllant le non-treV .
(XV, 169 .).
IV .4.4. . . . peSaskan.
... ,
, . . PU, 271272.
. . . . , III.6 .1.

.
IV .4.5. (prthivim aya)... ,
.
- (tejomayo* tejomayafo)... . .
, , .

. . . , , , -,
. *, -, ,
-, .
. . . . II.4.
.- (904 ).
kratur.
IV .4.6. . . . ,
(saipsaramflla PU, 203).
(lin g a q i)... .
. SU, 4 7 6 innrer Mensch; BPh, 2 3 9 Inneres; PU, 272 the subtle
self. . (BB, 68) lingarp mano: gekennzelchneter Sinn.
. (manah pradhanatvat lin g a sy a ...).
. . . . .
.
. . . . , IV .3.21.
. . . . III.2.11. ,
, , .
IV .4.7. . . . II.3.14.
(a t)... . . .
. . . . III.9.9; 26; IV. 1.3.
IV .4 .8 . . . . 8 21, . (S U ,
465; Philosophie , S. 24), , 7
22. , , (.
UM, 177, . 1). . 23.
IV .4.8.
( a i j u h ) . ,
.
(pantha)...
. . . (PU, 274).
(mam sp rsto ) .: . " (
pass.) : maya labdhah . - . . SU, 477,
Anm. 1. . (BS, 81, . 1), , ,
, , , ,
, (. , IV.3.20; VIII. 6.12).
. (, Anm. 4 5 16).
, (y a n ti... svargaip lokam ita flrdhv a m ) ... : - (PU, 274).
IV .4.9. . . . . , IV .3.20; V III.6.1.
IV .4.10. (andham tam ah).... . ,
^ . 9; . 12. . A. Hillebrandt, Aus
Brahmanas und upanisaden , S. 172 Anm. 72.
. . . avidya
, , a vidya , ,
.

IV .4.11. (ab u d h o)... . .


(, ); . 3; 1.3.7.
IV .4.13. , (saipdehye gaha )... . V .15.2. . UM, 178, . 2; 180: . . .
,
().
. . . , loka : .
IV .4.14. .... II.4; III. 10;
1 1 12 .
IV.4.15. ( tato v iju g u p sa te )... . .
(). . II.5;, 12; 6 .
IV .4.16. (Jyotiaip )... . . , . .
IV .4.17. (paflca-Janah)...
,
, , , (rakasa ,
, ) \
(nl^ada
, , ).
, ,, , ( )
(. , ).
IV .4.18. , . . . . .
. . . 1.2. . , III.4.2.
IV.4.19. . . . . .
.
. . . . . .
IV .4.20. (ekadha)... . .
, ().

( v i r a j a b ) .. .
,
IV ,4.23
.
(para aka&ad)... . , III.8.3 .
(a ja )... . III.9.28.
IV .4.21. (v ijfia y a )... . .
().
. . .
(. My II.2.5). . , III.5 .1 .
IV .4.22. . . . . , IV .3.7.
. . . . , .5.10; III.2.13
. .
. . .
. , IV, 4.23; Kay III.8.
(setur)... . VIII. 4.1; 1.3.2; My II.2.5.
(muni )... . BPh, 242 S ch w e ig e t.
[ ] . . . . (BS, 83, , 2) loka
, (lieu du salut). . BPh, 242, Anm.
1 02 Di e Brahmanwelt.

. . . . , III.5.1.
. . . . (UM, 180) : .
B S , 83, . 2.
. . . . , III.5.1.
[ ] . . . . II.3.6; III.9.26; IV .2.4.
. . . . . . . (S U ,
<480) : w ell 1 Leibe war. . , IV .1.3.
IV .4.23 (sam ahlto)... .
. . . . , , III.4.2
idrster dratfiraqi eft...
. . . . III. 14.4.
. . . . . , (.
, III.5.1).
. . . . , II.4 .3 .
IV .4.24. (a n n a d o )... . II, 12.
().
(vasu-danafc).. . :
.
IV .5.1 . II.4
(., ., II.4.10 IV .5.11; II.4.12IV. 5,13; II.4.14
IV. 5,15). , , ,
.
. . SU, 481; . , . 59.
IV .5.1. (brahmavadinl babhava) . .
. . , III. 8.1 (brahmodyarp);
A. Minard, Trois 1$, . 170, . 412.
IV.5.1 . . . . . . II.4.
IV .5 . 6 . . . . II.4.5.
. . . .
IV .5.7. . . . II.4 . 6 .
. . . .
IV .5.11. , . . . . . .
II.4.10.
IV .5.13. . . .
.4.12.
IV .5.14. . . . II.2 .1 3 .
. . . ... .
. . . . . ().
(, 49 2i) :
matrasaipsa rgas tu asya bhavati: es besteht aber aus elnem Getnlsch von
kleinen Theilchen (BB, 75). . . : aber es findet eine Beriihung desselben mit der Materle (SU , 485, Anm. 1).

IV .5.15. . . . . . . II.4.14 .
(. ...*).
, . . . ... II.4 .1 4 .
. III.9. 26 .
. . . .
IV.6.1 . , II.6.1 3. 1 3
II. 6 . 1 3; 2 .6 .2,
12 ( 11, II.6 .2).
131 ,

V.
1.1. (khilakagda)
(.
, . 58 59).
.
(adah) , ; (idam)
, .*.
. . X.
8.29. ,
.
(kham)... . IV. 10.5. (, 77)
: die Leere. . UM, 189; PU, 289 ether. ,
(kham) .
Kauravydyaoiputra.
V .2 .I . . . . .
, .
II.4.1.
. . .
da* , .
(), (damyata).
. . . aum
.
V .2.2. (datta)...
(). . : dan-do, dan-do
( ) dando (: .*).
V .2.3. (dayadhvam).. .
. ,
:
, . . R. D. Ranade Survey , pp. 307 308.
V .3 .I. . . . - . , IV. I.7.; V III.3.3.
. . . hfdayam hr, da yarn. 1- ~
8

22 (Hi

209

abhiharanti (.*), 2-dadati (. * ) 3- eti (.*).


,
.*, .*.
. . . . , IV. 3 4.
V .4 .1. [ ] (tad vai ta t)... , , V .I. . * ; .* . . II. 1.3 .
(satyam )... . , . 1.4.14; 6.3
. .
. . . . . . yaka . BS, 126; . . Bo
yer, Y aksa , .Journal Asiatique*, . VII, 1906, p. 393, n. 2; 472; .
186 .*.
. . . [ p ] ... asau . . (, 78) : Konnte wohl der besiegt w erden; UM, 190, n. 3; BS, 93; SU, 490.
V .5.1. . . . , .
. XI. 1.6.1. (BPh, 51).
satya, :
(satya) .
,
. . BS, 94, . 1.
(. , . IV. 2. 3).
. . . Satyam sa-tl-yam.
. . .
, t mrtyu (.*) anrta (.
*), sa yam . .
satyam V III.3.5: sa .*, tl .*, yam ,
.
. . . . .
.
V .5.2. ,
. . SU, 491.
, .*
(; . ).
. . . . , V. 15. 12.
V .5.3. (bhas "), (bhuvas .
*) (svar ") .
. . . Svar su-ar.
. . . tasyopaniat ( ).
. . . . . . . . . . . . :
ahar... hantl. . . Jahati.
V .5.4. . * aham. Cp. ahar (.*) .
: aham ...hanti...jahati. . BS, 95, n. 1.
V .6.1. (manomayo)... . III.14.2.
. IV 3.7 vijnanamaya.

(bhah satyah).. . . III. 14.2;


IV.3.7 (antarjyotih). . :
, (BS,
95, . 2).
6- 7-
(. 8- 7-). ( 53 2)
evam veda, . . , .
V .7 .I. : vidyut (44) vidyati (
*). . , II.3.6; IV .4. . 188 4*.
V .8 .I. (svaha, va$at), (svadlia) ;1 (hanta)
(dhenu).
. . . (vac) , () , (man as)
. (1.4.17; 5.7) ( ,
, ).
V .9 .1. . 0 . . 1. 1. 1. ,
(puru$a), . III. 13.78; II.
6 . . SU, 144, 493. . BS, 96; 188 pacyate .
41, .
V .10.1. . . . . III.3.2.
(lambara) . (,
53i7) 3<Jamba rasya ( ).
(ahimam.: - ) . . .
: . .
() *4. . S U ,
494; BS, 96, . 2.
. . . . . ().
V.
11.1. . . . . . ^
. . VIII.5.
. . . . . (. ).
V .12.1. - . . . . VI. 13.

. . . .
. . . . , III.9.8 .
(Pratrda) .
. . . . (SU r 495)
. (, 81). : sa ha smaha panina (.:
44).
, . . .
, ,
, (vi-rara,

.).
. . . . . , vi 5 3 ii.

... . . . ramante.
, . . . . . (BS,
97, . 3).
V.13.1.
(uktha, yajus, saman;
. . 1.1.1; 2.5; 3. 22) (katra; . . 1.4.11).
(. 1.2.25).
, (.
1.1.1), katra (. SU, 496; BS, XXV). .
(V .13.4) katra.
V .1 3 .1. . . . (utthapayati)... . uktha Kay
III. 3.
V.13.2. c. . . c e e (yujyante)... ,
.
V .13.3. . . . samyanci.
V .13.4. . . . (trayate...kaijitoh).. . ,
().
, (
katram atram apnoti)... . UM, 195, n. 3; PU, 298.
(BB, 54i617) katramatram..., . (, 82)
: der erlangt den Inbergriff des Kriegerstandes. . . (SU, 496)
furchtlose Reglerung, . (BS, 98, n. 1)pouvoir irresistible, . e.
.
V .1 4 .1. , , (bhamir,
antarikaqi dyauh diyauh) 8
gayatrl, savitri
( 111,62.10) ,
: tat
savitur varenyam, bhargo devasya dhimahi, dhiyo yo nah pracodayat! (.
; !- );
. , V I.3.6. (gayatrl
----- w ^ .
pada):
,
, . . gayatrl
III. 12; 16.1.
(. , V.14. 3 .).
V.
14.2. . . . yaJQmsi samanl. . .
1.2.5. .
. . . . . .
V .14.3. [ ] . . . (* ()
vyfinah)... . , . 1.5.3.
.
... . . . turiya caturtha .

(darSatam)... . PU, 300; BPh, 155. . UM, 196bright;


SU, 498 glanzreich; , 82 Schflner; BS, 99 resplendissant.
(dadrSa iv a )... ,
(. 1.6.6; IV. 11.1).
. . . - (paroraja... raja
upary upari ta p a ti)... rajas - , .- , .",
.*; paroraja , ",
* (MW, 589). . , IV. 4. 20 vi jab ( ). . UM,
196, . 2. rajas ,
(rajas). 189 *.
V.14.4.
(satye pratlthitam )... . , V .5.2. 189, ,
*.
, : * . . .
. , IV. 1.4.
(balam satyad
o g iy a ).. . . VII. 8. . balam ... vijnanad bhayah. bala
*.
. . . . ., ,
.
, . . . yah *; tatre *.
. .. . , . V. 14.1. , ,
,
().
V.14.5. . . . . V.82,1.
(anutubh) ,
8- (pada): w w w w .
V .14.6. , , . .
, V .1 4 .1.
[ ] . . . : , ,
.
. . . . . (. , V.14. 2).
. . . . . . . , V .14.3.
. . . . , V. 14.4.
V .14.7. , (a-pad asi,
hi padyase)... apad asi: * (. neti
), pada .
V .14.8. , [ ] . . . . , II. 1.1.
(Budila ASvataraSvi) A$vatarava.
. VN, 11.69.
[ ] . . . . .,
, , , , .

(mukham .: *, . , V. 15.1)
. (SU, 4) : .
*. (BPh, 156),
, . -
, .
V.
15.1. . . .
, (. , . 1.4.13).
. *,
(. , V .5.2).
15 1S; . V I.35. .
. . . (
) mukha
, (. PU, 302).
(satya-dharm Sya)... . .
, .
V .15.2. . . . . , . 1.3.8.
. . . (. , 1.4.11)
. . .5.2. 13 . . (BPh, 72, Anm. 18).
V .15.3. 3 4 15-
2- . . , III.2.13; .16.3.
, (krato sm ara)...
. UM, 200, . 1mind; P(J, 3 )3 Intelligence; , 77 ; SU,
50 Geist; BPh, 162 W ilie; BS, 101 v oloite .C/ie
: krato smara, krtam smara.
(kfta) ,
. . III. 14.1; BS,
101 , . 3.
V .15.4. ! . . . 189.1. . : . Lommel,
Awestische und vedische Einzelstudien , ZDMG NF, 1955, Bd 30 (Bd 105),
S. 172 sq. ,
(. SU, 499).
. . . . . ,
(. UM, 200, . 2). . , , V I.2.15.
(vayunSni).. . . SU, 5J0; BS, 101.
: . , 78 Rlchtzeichen; BPh, 162 R egelnjU M , 2 ) ) things;
PU, 304 deeds.

VI.
1.15,
, vac, cakus, Srotra, manas, retas (. . 1.3.1),
. * (Jyetha
retha ), .* (v a si?tha), . * (pratl tha); .* (sampat); .* (ayatanam) .
* (prajatih). V. I. 15, ..

(V I .7 14) ,
(. , 1.3; . III.3;
II.3; 1.3 .). 2-
, 1- .
V I.1.1. (jyetha )... ,
, . .
.
V I.1.2. (vasltha, *)...
. UM, 201; SU, 502; BS, 102 " ().
VI. 1.4. . . . Srutl ( .
, . 1.4.17).
VI. 1.5. (Syatanam )...
.
VI. 1.6. . . . , retas
.
VI. 1.7 . : V .I.6 15; 2.1 2, *
retas.
. . . .7 .
VI. 1.11. , . . . V. 1.11
mugdhah avidvamso manasa bala amanasah, . e.
, .
VI. 1.13. (salndhavah)... . .
. (Sindhu). . VN. ' I I . 450.
VI. 1.14. ... (yad va ahaqi...tvaip tad). e.
.
[ ] . . . .
, - , , . . (. ,
0; BS, 104; UM, 204; BPh, 146), , ,
, , . . , *. .
SU , 135, Anm. 1.
. . . . . X. 121.7.
. . . anasya annam.

. . . anannarp, ,
, ; . SU,135, Anm.
2.
(Srotriya)... . , IV .3.33.
(tad anam anagaam kurvanto ) ... * ().
V I.2.1 . V. 3 10.
V .2.4 8 V I.3.
V I.2.1. (Svetaketu )
Aruni. . V.3; VI, 1 . . . VN.
II.4 0 9 410.
. . III. 1.1.
(Pravahana J aivali) ; Jibala,
( VI. 2 . 3 rajanya-bandhur). . V N. II. 4041.

V I.2.2. ., . . ,
(). . XIII. 2.9 .7 . (PU, 310).
V I.2.3. (p ratik an y)... .: .
- .
V I.2.7. . . . prava
: parivaraijam. . , 86 Ober-und Untergewander; S(J, 506pichen; BS, 106 tapis.
(tirthena)... Tirtha
, .
: ., *, .- , :
, ().
V I.2.8.
. . . . , . 35.
V I.2.9 . ,
(), , (),
() . , ,
, , .
,' . V I.2.9 14
V.49. . XIV. 9.1.12
16. . SU, 137; 138; . Oertel, The Syntax o f cases in the narrative and
descriptive prose o f BrUhmanas. I. The disjunct cases, Heidelberg, 1926,
p. 136 138. . . 217.
. . . , :
; , ; ,
; ,
;
(. ., , );
, .
XIV. 9.1.12 V.4.1
( , , )
( ). (V I.2.11),
, , V .6.1;
X IV .9.1.14 .
(Sraddhaip)...
(), *

. 4- (. , V I.2 .2 .).
(tasya ah u tyai)... .
(V I.1.12; , 57 ) 4 V . 4.2 tasya ahuteh.
... . . ' ().
V I.2.10. . . , 1.4.11.
. . . - V .5 (vayu).
: , , ." -;
;

,JJ3 H J0 1*

KDOXOdMHW

()


()

()


()

vulva

."
,

( )

.
*
( )

Q*

S
II

3
II

II

J0

; ;
.
. . . . , . 1.3.24.
V I.2.11. . . . . . ;
, . V .6.1
(samvatsara), " .
... . . V . 6 . 1
(akaso, ,
); XIV. 9.1.14 .
. .. , , (, );
(. . V I.2.9); .
. . . ,
, , , . . V I.2.4.
V I.2.12. . . . Purua
.*.
(vyattam)... . V .7 .1 (v3g).
, ; ,
; (. V .7 .1 41, jihva, )
; , , ;
, .
V I.2.13. . . . . . .
, .
(yad antah k a ro ti)... - : maithuna-vyaparah. . PU, 313 when one inserts; SU, 507 die E in ffigu n g*
BS, 107 ce quon introduit; BB, 87 das was man nineinthut.
V I.2.14. (bhasvara-varnah).. . . e.
.
V.
V I.2.15. , . . . . .
. . V. 10.1. 15 16
.
, . . . . .
(vanaprastha) (parivrajaka) . . , .
II. 4. 1.
. . . : Sraddham satyam upasate . * ( ).
. . . . II. 1.3.1, ,
. . IV. 15.5. 1516 : ,
, *
, ; ,
; .
(IV .4; V.10 .).
.2.6.8, 2 , -

20 40 , 43 60 & ,
60 80 , 83 130 .
. BPh 253, Anm. 33.
. . . . .
.
(udaoa aditya e t l ) .... .
,
. , .
[ ] (puruo mflnasa)... *
% . , puru$o
manasa puruomanavab (. ) IV. 15.5;
V .10.2, . SU , 508, Anm. 2; BS, 108, n. 2.
. . . parflb (
) (. PU, 314). paravato
. SU, 508 Anm. 3; . BS, 108, . 3.
. 1.72.7; . 1.3.
V I.2.16. (lokafl Jayanti)... . .
(UM, 209). . SU, 508die (Himmels-) W elten.
(dak$igaditya e t i) ... . .
.
. . . . ., (. UM,
209), ,
.
V I.3.1. ,
^ . , ,
. V .2.3 8 ( V .2.3
VI .3.12). . ..
V I.3.1 (upasad .: . *, .
*) , ' .
,
.
. , . IV .3.36.
(putpsa nak$atrei>a)... . .
, :
(manthaip saijiniya)... .: ,
.
(jatavedas *, .
*) .
!..
(Svaha, su-aha).. .
, (. , V .8.1).
V I.3.2. !..

(. , 91; UM, 210 sq.; PU, 316; BS, 109). .
, , (VI. 1)

, . .,
(. ... ... ... ...* . .)
(SU 509510).
V I.3.3. . . . ... . . .
bhafc... bhuvah... svah. . , V .5.34; 14.1.
V I.3.4. . . . .
.
[ ] . . . [
] (hlnkrtam a si, hinkriyamaoam a s l).. . Hln ,
. (. 1.3.2; 28; SU , 6667). . UM, 212; SU ,
511. . , 92,
, du bist das Hift, das ausgesprochen worden 1st, und das Hlfi,
w elches ausgesprochen wird: BS, 110 tu es le hln et tu es la production
du hln (cp. ibid, n. 1); PU, 318 you are the Sound h ln ... you are the ma
king of the sound hln. (BM, 924) , *pe: you are the sound .Him* and are uttered as .H im - (in the sacritfce by
the Prastotr).
. . . (udgitham asi, udgiyamflnam a s i ) . . . (. , . 1.1.1; 3.1),
. . UM, 212; SU , 511.
, , 92 Du bist das Udgitha und das Saman, das man
zu slngen anfangt; BS, 110 tu est udgitha et tu e s la production de
l udgitha; PU, 318 you are the loud chant... you are the chanting; BM,
9 2 4 You are the Udgitha and are chanted (by the Udgatr).
. . . ( 6ravitam a sl, tyaSravitam a s l)...
(. , . 1.3.2)
(agnidh) - (. 1.3.2),
.
[ ] . . . ardre .
. . . nidhanam . . SJU, 511
der Tod; BS, 110 destruction.
V I.3.5. (amaqisl amarp hi te m ah l).. . . 4
V .2 .6 . (cp. UM, 212, n. 1; BS, 110, n. 2). .
(, 61,9) am:> asl amarp hi te mayi Du bist ungekocht,
da dem Ungekochtes in mir 1st (BB, 92).
. . . sa .
V I.3.6.

. . . III.62,10;
. 1.90, 6 8 ( ); . , . V. 14.1.
. . . - madhu.
. . . .: . * (uto$asab).
.
. . . ,
, (madhumatl) vyahrti

(bhas, bhuvas, svar), ;


;
; , , .
, ,
.
(dhiyo... nah) . . . . (BS, 111, . 1)
dhi nos chants.
[ ] . , V .14.1.
[ ] . . . -,
7 - 1 2 .
V I.3.7. . . . . , III.7.1.
. . . . . .
. . . . . I. 4.3.
V I.3.8 . (Madhuka Paiflgya) P alflgl,
(Cala B hagavittl) Bhagavitta;
(Janaki Ayasthana) Ayasthoija.
IV .3.12. . . . . , .
IV .1.6. VI. 3 . 7 12 V .2.3
(Gosrutl Vayaghrapadya
Vyaghrapada).
. . . . . mantha.

, . VI.22; V I.29 (. , . 11).
, , ,
(/, , ,
, ).
V I.3.13. [ ] . . . . . ,
.
(g r a m y a n i)... cp UM, 214; PU, 320; , 930
cultivated; BS, 112 domestlques; SLJ, 513 zahmwachsenden; BB, 94
angebaute.
vrlhi,
e yavas,
tila,
maa,
anu (BB, 94 Panicum Miliaceum), apriyaflgu (, 94
Panicum Italicum), godhama, masara,
khalva, khalak(h)ula (, 94 Dolichos U niflora). . UM, 214,
n. 3; G. P. Majumdar, P la n ts in E rotics Indian Culture", 1948 1949, v o l.
XIV, p. 72.
V I.4.1. . ,
.
. ,
, mantha.
V I.4.1. . . . . , II.5.1.
[ ] . . . ,
; , .

V I.4.2. (tSrji srtv3dha upasta)... . ,


V I.4.3 adhopahasaiji . .: *.
. PU, 321 revered her below; BS, 112 il la vit en dessous. .
(SU, 513)
.
(gravanam ).. .,
.
V I.4.3. (adhiSavane)...
.
L a b i a p u d e n d a . . . . mukau .
. BRM, 560, note.
(samiddho madhyatau)... , -,
. . SU, 514, Anm. 1, BS, 113, n. 1 .
(vajapeya, .: ")...
, . . P. V. ,
H isto ry , Vol. II, pt II, j>. 1206 sq.; VN, II. 281.
, . . . asam strlnam sukrtam vrflkte. ( 63) : a sa strlnam...
V I.4.4. . . . . , . III.7.1.
(Naka Maudgalya) Mudgala.
. VN, I, 439.
- (bahu va i dam) . . . . PU, 322 this much;
SU, 514 viel oder wenig; BS, 113 beaucoup.
V I.4.5. . . . (, 6 19)
agnayo agnir, .
V I.4 . 6 . (malodv3s3h) -,
, .
V I.4.7. (enam avakriniyat)...
, .
(atikram et)... : abhikramet *,
.". . , 935; PU, 323; BS, 114; UM, 217, . 3.
: ", * (, 95; SU, 515).
(5)... . . , ,
.
V I.4.9 . . . . tasyam artham nithaya. . PU,
323; SU, 515; BS, 114; BRM, 565. . (W. Caland, Zur E xeg ese *
ZDMG, 1897, Bd 51, S. 134, Anm. 2) *,
, artha Sepha (.,
, M-W, 9)). (, 64 5 sq .)
nith3pya (causat.). . BS, 127.
V I.4.10. , (abhip n yat).... SU, 515; PT
J , 324. . (BS, 114) : apres
avoirexhale il inhale. (VI, 4.11): apanyabhipr^nyat
. , ". . , . 1.5.23.

BRM, 566 : infusing vital air. . . should take


(it) back ( 10); drawing out the vital air (he) should infuse it back

( ii).
V I.4.12. (tasm inn...
ju h u y a t).., , , ,
, (. SU , 516,
Anm. 1).
- (asau )...
(). . PU, 325. . (UM, 218, . 4)
, asau .
( bhavati)... . , 96; PU', 324.
: () " (SU, 516; BS, 115).
V I.4.13. . . . (kaipse
p ib e t )... . PU, 325; UM, 219, . . .
: kamsena pibet ( ...* ), 938; BRM, 569.
,


(vralah
v r a ly )... , vrala , sadra.
(aplutya vrihin avaghatayet)... . .
sthalipaka ( *) ,
(. , V I.4, 19). . . O ertel, The sy n ta x o f cases in the narrative
and descriptive prose { p. 42.
V I.4.14. (sarvam ayur i yad) . . . . e.
(. BB, 96).
V I.4.17. e (pandita)... ,
,
(., ., , III, 6 , 1, IV .5.1 maitreyl brahmavadinl babhflva . .) .
V I.4.18. (auksnena varabhena v a ) . . .
. PU, 326; BS, 116. ,
, ,
.
V I.4.19. (sthallpakavrta jy a m )... . PU, 327. sthalipaka . , . V I.4.13.
(Anumati *, *) ,
, . . .59.6; 167.3.
. . . : itarasyah (.: *).
(ViSvavasu *) -
, (),
.
, . . X .85.22; SU, 518,
Anm. 1.
V I.4.19 [ ] . . . .85.22: safn jayam
patya srija, . . . .; .
SU , 518; BS, J 1 6 . . ,

(PU, 327 seek another young wo


man, a w ife w ith her husband; . BM, 941; BRM, 574),
,
prapflrvyam (. *)young woman, w ife.
( 6 5 17), X .85.22, prapharviam (.
*, .*). . , 97flpplges W eib.
: . * (BRM, 575).
V I.4.23. (amoham asmi, sa tv a m )...
. X IV .71. : sa, amosaman. . , 1.3.22;
V .2 .6 .
, . . . ,
, (. 1.67). (
) .
V I.4.21. (anulom&m.: . * )...
: . *.
. . . ( , 22). X. 184; V .25.5.
(Tva$far .*, .*) -,
, . .
, . II.5.17.
(Dhatar .", .*) ,
, , , .

(S in ivali) ,
(. V .25.3).
V I.4.22. (hiraqmayi )... !
( Ficus R ellgiosa Premna Spinosa);
.
(adharflraQl) ,
. . V N , 11.511 512.
- . . . .
V I.4.23. . . . . V .78. 7 8; Pflraskara Gfhya Satra,
1.16 sq. ( ). . PU, 329 (]>)... . : garbha-veJana--Jena.
(v r a ja b )... , ,
(),
( ).
V I.4.24. . . . . ASvalayana Grhya Satra,
1.13. sq.; Paraskara Grhya Satra, 1.11 sq.; Sankhayana Grhya Satra, 1.19 sq.
Cm. UM, 222, n. 1; . A. Minard, Trois inigm es , p. 54, n. 128 a.

prada]ya .
. . . puyasam
.
(asyopasandyaqi c h a itsit). . .

. (, 66 i8; 98upasadyaip). , -
, . . SU, 519 keln Unheil
bring in deinen Stamm; PU, 329 may fortune never depart from his line
(. BM, 944; BRM, 579); BS, 118 Que avenir de celui-ci ne soit J a m a is
b ris 6. Cp. BS, 128.
. . . , -,
(. SU, 519; BS, 118)
(, 662i) nab,
.
V I.4.25. [ ] (jata-)... .
. . Paraskara Grhya Satra, 1.16.4; Sankhayana 1.24 . UM,
223, n. 1 ; PU, 333.
H e (anantarhitena)... cp. SU, 330; BS, 118. .
(BB, 98) : der in Nichts eingefasst ist; . (SU, 519)
ummittelbar aus dem Golde. Cp. BRM, 583 wi th a ladle of pure [unob
structed] Gold; BM, 944945 not obstructed by anything.
. . .
(). . SU, 523, Anm. 1.
, , (bhar, bhuvafo,
svah )... , .
V I.4.26. . . . .* 10-
12- . . , 11.33 .,
Paraskara G. S. 1.16.3; 17. 14; ASvalayana G. S ., 1.15. 1 8 . (PU, 330).
V I.4.27. (Sarasvati) ,
. . I. 164.49.
V I.4.28. (, Ida) ,
, . .
.
(Arundhatl), (V asi$tha), , ,,
(. ) (. . 1.4.11).
(Mltra) .
( ) .
(v ire)... . UM, 224; SU, 520.
2- 3- . . (PU, 330),
. (, 98), : being a heroine
you J i a v e brought... (cp. BRM, 583), , , ,
(, 67 w) aJIJanat (.
*), a aJIJanathah (. *). . . (BS, 119)unie un h6ros,
e ll e ... (. BS, 128); (BM, 946) you have brought forth a
male child with the help of me, who am a m an...
. . . v T ra v a ti .
V I.5.1 4.
. . . ,
, ( . 6;

IV . 6). 34- ( )
: (. , 1.4.3) (17 );
(12 ). (V I.5 .4 )
X .6.5,9, VI X,
(. SU, 376 f.) 125
( = 1 18 ); , ,
, ,
.
V I.5.1. . . . ,
(,
),
. . BRM, 585.
V I.5.3. . . . (vflc).
(Suklani)... , ,
, .


95, 133
58, 86, 111, 141, 153,

154,

162,
164, 1664 167, 169, 171,179,
182, 186, 195, 200, 214
94, 132, 209
15, 23. 35, 55, 62,
8 3 - 8 5 , 176178
59, 86, , 157, 167, 179,
185,
195, 226
156
( ) 156
157

(
) 94, 185
153, 223
156
14, 15, 156, 191
157
94, 132, 155, 186
94, 132, 133, 156
156
2122, 2426, 2830, 34

36, 38, 39, 46, 50, 51, 5557,


6062, 7 3 - 7 7 , 7 9 - 82, 85, 88
93, 99 101, 103 105, 108 112,
117 119, 121, 124 131, 139,

168170, 172176,
178184,
188,
189, 191, 192, 194, 199205,
2 0 7 - 209, 213
156
94, 103

*
86, 179
95, 133
94, 132
155
56, 96
72, 95, 133, 166,

167, 186

114, 199
72, 167
12, 2226, 2934, 36,
5561, 72, 7476, 80, 82-^87,
9093, 95, 1 0 0 -1 0 3 , 105, 108,
113 117,
123 129, 133 137,
142, 145, 148, 157, 161, 163,164,

167170,
172, 174, 176178,
180186,
189192, 196, 197.
199,
201, 203, 205, 206, 208
212, 214, 215, 217219,224226
72,. 167
712, 166, 167
140, 213,
214
156
() 86, 179
(
) 94, 133, 185, 186

(
) 155, 156
56, 100, 189

*
, ,
. ,


() 52.
149, 157, 221
157
156
94
83, 177
58, 67, 137, 162, 199,

200
23, 75, 170
157
( )
156, 226
36, 75, 110, 111, 155, 171,

194,

195, 225

86, 179, 225


95, 133
156
94, 103, 167
157, 226
156
57, 107 112,
116,
193196, 199
94, 95, 133
117, 169, 186, 199, 200.

210
95, 133
153, 223
86, 179
95, 133
18, 21, J54f 161, 164, 167.

171,

177, 186, 224

96, 133

\ )
94. 132, 133. 185
( ) 35,
59. 103, 144, 145, 192

(
)
155, 156
86, 179
94, 132
92, 90, 95
133,
184186
132
86, 179
15, 56, 57, 62, 83, 96,
113 118, 120, 123, 126, 128,140.
177,
186, 193, 196200. 213, 214
149, 221

56,
9 6 -1 0 0 , 188
146, 219
94, 132, 185
156
113, 198
157
() 23, 35,
55,
83, 176, 177
164, 224
155, 225
-253, 36, 75, 79, 83, 86, 93,
100, 102, 108, 117, 154, 164.
167, 171, 177, 179, 181, 185,194

195, 199,224
94, 133
28, 36, 56, 57.
102, 106.107, 191, 192
( ) 132
()
8365,
,
176, 178
132
115^

192
(
93, 132

117, 199, 200


75, 171
102, 191
94,
156
156
& 153

( )
36. 88, 129, 181


( )
1 5 5 .1 5 6 2 2 6
94, 132
134 209
157
( ) 93.
94, 132
94, 2, /85* 209
156
& 56^ 101, 102,

190
132
86, 179
157
156
94, 133, 150
( )

59, 75,

86,

171, 179,

216, 217

100, 102,

103,

189,

191
59, 155
( )
56,
57, 93, 132
35, 58, 59,
143,
144, 215, 216, 218
28, 30 32, 53, 55,
58, 61, 69, 80, 81, 102, 108, 110,
123, 125, 134, 135, 140, 148,150,
154, 157, 164, 165, 171, 173, 175,

182, 194, 195, 210, 215, 224

157

149, 221
132
36, 55, 57, 59, 8890,
1 2 9 -1 3 2 , 181, 182
157
() 156
() 157
156
94, 133
75, 170
157
155, 225
75, 171
95, 133
150, 222
95, 133
95, 133, 186
( )
155, 156
( )
94, 132
(
) 94, L22

95, 133
137, 138, 211
156
94
156
30, 40, 55, 57, 58, 61, 73,
78, 8 3 - 8 5 , 87, 9 0 - 9 3 , 108
. 112, 117, 1 1 9 -1 2 1 , 123
125, 135 137, 140, 168, 169,

173, 178, 180, 184, 188, 192,194,


200,
202, 204, 210, 213, 214, 219
36, 58, 76, 140, 162, 172,
214
156
24, 75, 86, 171, 172
148, 153, 212, 224
94, 132
96, 186
95, 133
95, 133
95, 133
59. 156, 157, 226
156
155, 225
22, 36, 116,
149, 199, 221
132
132
154, 224

36, 59, 72, 75, 83, 85, 1 11 ,


145 148,166, 167, 169, 171,

172, 195, 196, 216218


100, 189
75, 140, 167, 170

155
( )
15, 94, 132, 133, 157, 226
156
15, 22, 5 8 , 143,

191, 215
96, 154, 185, 224
94, 132
157

157

95, 133
114, 198
14, 15, 22, 35, 57,
102,
105, 149, 150, 156, 191, 192,

221, 222, 226


132
1 5 6 ,1 5 7
56, 100, 101,190
157
149, 221

14, 15, 25, 28, 32,


3436, 52, 53, 5557, 59, 74,

88, 90, 96 103,

1 0 6 -12 0, 123,
128, 129, 131, 132, 149, 156,157,

162,
169, 181, 185, 186, 189,191,
193200, 204, 206, 208, 221, 226
157
24, 75, 110, 140, 171, 195,214
94, 132, 186

56, 62, 96, 106, 1 1 3 -1 1 3 ,


126, 140, 177, 193, 200, 213

62, 100,

102,

189

42, 62, 96, 110, 143, 186,

215
62, 83, 106, 176, 193
42, 62, 96, 110, 186, 189

62, 143,

215

-
61, 118, 200, 203
6, 165
36, 76, 108, 171, 194, 225
10, 96, 97, 166. 186, 22(7
70, /66
39, 113, 130, /5 5
) 39, 2 /5
154, 224
68, 69
28, 41, 53, 61, 67, 69, 70,
134, 163, 166, 207, 209
15, 89, 113, 130,

182
53, 56, 61,
162164, 189

178,

69,

100,

92, 93, 95, 133, 154, 171,

184186

70, 166

25, 27, 3537,


44, 56, 57, 62, 76, 85, 96, 101,

()
105 107,
145, 150,

58, 136, 210


58, 136, 210
61, 150, 197
36, 76, 170, 171
10, 34, 36, 41, 62, 76, 172
36, 76, 108, 171, 193
136
, 68, 10, , 13, 15,

20, 21, 28, 3335, 46, 52, 58,


76, 77, 89, 103, 121, 130, 131,
134, 139, 141, 152,
153, 155,

163, 165167, 172, 173, 176, 183,


195,
199, 206, 208, 212, 213,
215, 221
- 138, 211, 212
36, 76, 171
76, 98, 99, 107, 171,
187,
193
89, 113, 130, 183

110, 112, 127, 134,


152, 155, 170, 176,181,

67, 100, 102, 123, 125,

203, 212, 216, 222


() 10, 97, 98, 166,
186,
187, 220

139
58, 61, 1 3 8 -1 4 0 , 212, 213,

186, 192,

( ) 101,
12, 107, 128, 190, 193, 208
( )
22, 54, 59, 60, passim, 161, 162,

166, 168,
201, 208,
72,
68, 165

176, 178, 181, 183,190,


209, 211, 214, 215, 221
167

163,

189, 207, 223

220
107, 193
70, 166
36, 55, 61, 76, 82, 92, 125,

172, 175, 183, 184


15, 52, 89, 113, 130, 182

36, 58, 75, 76, 8, 89, 129,


130, 133, 148, 170, 182, 212
27, 35, 36, 41, 62, 75, 76,
86, 170, 176, 198, 203, 212

137, 211

67, 161, 208


76, 171, 172, 177
67, 163

-- 135
136
58, 136, 210
136
150, 167, 177, 182, 196, 219,

222
8, 10, 15, 89, 113, 130, 183
139, 212

61, 107, 193

10, 73, 97, 96, 166, 168,

22, 26, 67, 161, 209

61, 09, 72, 162, 166, 167,

96, 186
62, 1100, 189
121, 203
124, 204
73, 168, 220
15, 52, 89, , 130, 182

124, 146, 150, 204, 219


55, 58, 138, 162. 176, 212
passim, 89, 112 , 113,
117, 130, 161, 162, 165, 166,168,
169, 173, 178, 179, 182, 189,190,

186, 220

61, 76, 171


6, 7, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 20,
23,
24, 35, 62, 79, 89, 113, 130,

162, 165168, 170, 172, 173,


176, 182, 198, 212, 224, 225
68, 97, 138, 153, 165, 187, 212,
224
8, 14, 25, 75, 77, 86, 92, 93,
140, 144, 166, 170, 172, 179, 184,
188,
214, 225
36, 76, 108, 171, 194
139, 149, 213, 221
6, 7, 9, 10, 14, 15, 20,
22,
23, 79, 89, 113, 130, 162,

165167, 173, 176, 225


22, 55, 58, 6, 72, 73, 138,
153, 162, 165, 167, 168, 186, 212,
224

220

197, 199, 206, 221, 223


146, 219
- 72
136
148, 220
85, 117, 121, 178, 200, 202
10, 9698, 166, 186
-- 135
33, 121, 203, 207
89, 113, 130, 182
36, 76, 1709 172, 198, 203
6, 7, 9, 10, 14, 15, 20,
23, 25, 79, 89, 113, 130, 162,

165167, 169, 173, 176, 182,185,


225
58, 68, 138, 165, 212

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