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TENGIZCHEVROIL

Specification

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


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DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

TENGIZCHEVROIL

SPECIFICATION

Doc D-ST-2002
. D-ST-2002
THIS IS A CONTROLLED DOCUMENT
NO UN-AUTHORISED MODIFICATIONS

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DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT


STORAGE TANKS

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This document is dual language. Ensure both versions are modified.
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20-5-06

53

APPROVED FOR CONSTRUCTION

KR

VK

KR

DEK

REV

DATE

PAGES

DESCRIPTION

BY

CHKD

APPR

MGR

REVISIONS

APPROVALS

Page 1 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


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Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

REVISION DESCRIPTION SHEET


REV.

PARA.

ALL

REVISION DESCRIPTION
ORIGINAL ISSUE
REVIEWED AND ADOPTED PFD / SGP SPECIFICATION
60-0000-D-SPE-0341

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TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


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Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.

SCOPE................................................................................................................ 4

2.

CODES AND STANDARDS................................................................................ 4

3.

ABBREVIATIONS & DEFINITIONS.................................................................... 5

4.

MATERIALS........................................................................................................ 5

5.

DESIGN............................................................................................................... 6

6.

FABRICATION.................................................................................................. 11

7.

ERECTION ........................................................................................................ 12

8.

METHODS OF INSPECTING JOINTS.............................................................. 12

9.

WELDING PROCEDURE AND WELDER QUALIFICATION............................ 13

10. PRESERVATION .............................................................................................. 13


11. DOCUMENTATION........................................................................................... 14
12. TANK INSTALLATION & REGISTRATION...................................................... 16
13. REQUIREMENTS FOR PONTOON & DOUBLE DECK FLOATING ROOFS
FOR OPEN TOP TANKS .................................................................................. 16

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Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

1.

SCOPE

1.1

General
This specification combined with the Tank Data Sheet outlines the minimum
requirements for the design, materials, fabrication and erection of fixed roof and
floating roof tanks for oil storage.
The requirements of this specification shall be applied in the design, fabrication,
construction and testing of fixed and floating roof storage tanks.
Tanks shall conform to all local regulations and codes in effect at the tank location.

1.2

Compliance
In order of priority, tanks shall conform to the following documents:
Tank Data Sheet
This Specification
Standard Drawings.
National Codes and Standards
All tanks shall be marked, certified and provided with a data book/passport.

2.

CODES AND STANDARDS


The latest edition of the following codes, standards, specifications and references,
including addenda, form part of this specification. The latest edition shall be the
edition in effect on the date of the purchase order or sub-contract.
API 2000
Venting Atmospheric and Low Pressure Storage
Tanks. Non-refrigerated and Refrigerated
ASME B16.5
Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings NPS
Through NPS 24
ASME B16.47
Large Diameter Steel Flanges NPS 26 Through
NPS 60
BS 6374-5 1985
Specification for lining with rubbers
SniP lll-18-75, Chap 18, Part lll Russian Building Code Rules
The following Reference Drawings and Specifications are part of this specification.
Reference Drawings
60-0000-M-STD-0004-01
Steelwork Ladders, Cages & Guards Sheet 1 of 2
60-0000-M-STD-0004-02
Steelwork Ladders, Cages & Guards Sheet 2 of 2
60-0000-M-STD-0005-01
Steelwork Handrail Details Sheet 1 of 2
60-0000-M-STD-0005-02
Steelwork Handrail Details Sheet 2 of 2
60-0000-M-STD-0007-02
Steelwork Flooring & Penetration Details
TCO Specifications
A-ST-2013
C-ST-2004
X-ST-2000
M-ST-2002
V-ST-2001

Specification for Tank Passport


Vessel, Heat Exchanger and Tank Standard Drawings
Specification for Paint and Protective Coatings
Structural Steelwork Design and Fabrication
Specification for Allowable Loading on Equipment
Process Nozzles

Page 4 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


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W-ST-2004
W-ST-2005

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

Requirements for Materials in Wet Sour Service


Specification for Materials and Welding of Equipment to
be Fabricated in Kazakhstan

3. ABBREVIATIONS & DEFINITIONS


The following abbreviations are used in this document;
API
ASTM
GGT
MSK
NDE
NPS
TCO

American Petroleum Institute


American Society for Testing and Materials
The Republic of Kazakhstan Gosgortechnadzor Committee
International Macroseismic Intensity Scale (Medvedov-Sponheuer-Karnik)
Non Destructive Examination
Nominal Pipe Size
Tengizchevroil

The following definitions are used in this document


Company

TCO acting as buyer, purchaser or procurer of goods or services

Client

Tengizchevroil (TCO)

Contractor

Any provider of services to Company (TCO) including Consultants

Vendor

Any seller, provider or supplier of goods to TCO

4.

MATERIALS

4.1

General

4.1.1

All materials for tanks shall be in accordance with the ASTM or API specifications
and any limitations of this specification. Material substitution shall require written
approval from the Company under the provisions of the following clauses.
ASTM A537, Grade 2 and A678, Grade B materials shall not be used.
The Contractor shall supply all materials unless otherwise specified.

4.1.2

Moderate and higher strength materials are permitted by this specification and
may be used if approved in writing by the Company provided they meet the criteria
set out in the following clauses.
Moderate strength materials shall have an upper limit of their allowable tensile
strength of 414N/mm2. They must be normalised, killed and manufactured to fine
grain practice.
Higher strength materials shall have an upper limit of their allowable tensile
strength of 515N/mm2. They must be normalised, killed and manufactured to fine
grain practice.

4.1.3

Substitutes for the ASTM or API material specifications permitted by this


specification may be used if approved in writing by the Company provided that:
The upper limit of their allowable tensile strength does not exceed 620N/mm2.
The certification requirements are as required by the National Standard.

4.1.4

Specification sheets shall be furnished for all materials and shall include chemistry,
mechanical properties, melting practice, deoxidation practice, deoxidation
materials, heat treatment and grain size practice.

4.1.5

New tank materials that are not identified may be used provided that all conditions
of this specification are met and the material selection is in accordance with
specification W-ST-2005, Materials and Welding of Equipment to be Fabricated in

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Kazakhstan. The proposed substitution shall be advised at the time of the


Contractors quotation.
4.2

Plates

4.2.1

All steel plates shall be inspected and measured for thickness. Six measurements
are required; one at each plate corner 2 inches from the edge and two at plate
center along length sides. Measurements shall be taken immediately upon arrival
of the plate from the mill to the site or the Contractors shop.
Measurements shall be reported promptly in writing showing a sketch. Both plate
and sketch shall be marked for positive identification. If readings below minimum
required thickness are found, based on the National Standard maximum allowable
under-run, they shall be reported promptly to the Company.
In addition the Company reserves the right to inspect the thickness of tank plates
at the mill prior to shipping. The Contractor shall allow the Company ample time to
make this inspection. Any plate with a reading below the minimum required
thickness shall not be used without the Companys approval. The Contractor shall
be responsible for plate replacement in the event of rejection by the Company.

4.2.2

Plate shall be supplied squared to the finished sizes required by the Contractor.
Alternatively the plates shall be supplied oversize so that the Contractors
requirements can be inscribed within the plate boundaries. In addition, the
Company reserves the right to inspect the tank plate squareness at the mill prior to
shipping. The Contractor shall allow the Company ample time to make this
inspection. Any plate found to be undersized or out of square shall not be used
without the Companys approval. The Contractor shall be responsible for plate
replacement in the event of rejection by the Company.

4.3

Impact Testing of Plates and Toughness Requirements


The Contractor via the plate mill or stockist is to provide procedures that
demonstrate the required toughness at the Design Metal Temperature can be met.
These procedures will be reviewed and accepted in writing by the Company.
Test specimens transverse to the direction of major working axis shall be used. All
impact testing shall be to the Charpy V notch profile. The Charpy U notch profile
shall not be used.
The tank design metal temperature shall be as specified on the Tank Data Sheet.
The maximum impact test temperature shall be tank design metal temperature.
Controlled-rolled plates produced by a process to enhance notch toughness shall
not be used without specific written authorisation from the Company.

4.4

Flanges
All flanges shall be manufactured from low temperature carbon steel forgings.
All flanges shall be either Welding Neck or Slip-on construction. Plate flanges for
manholes may be considered. The Contractor is to state in his quotation if plate
flanges/covers are being offered.
Corner welds on flanges and necks of plate construction shall not be used.

5.

DESIGN

5.1

Corrosion Allowance
The specified minimum corrosion allowances are indicated on the Tank Data
Sheet. The as-built thickness is the nominal thickness or specified thickness of
the plate as ordered and as erected.
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The minimum required shell course thickness shall be 8mm including a corrosion
allowance up to 3mm.
5.2

Bottom Plates
The sketch plate over catch basins shall be 13mm minimum thickness and shall
extend at least 300mm beyond the outside edges of the catch basin.
Protective plates or pads, 10mm thick, shall be installed under swing pipe ends,
roof supports, and any other appurtenances that could strike the bottom of the
tank. Plates and pads shall be seal welded to the bottom with full fillet welds.

5.3

Annular Bottom Plates


Regardless of material group, tanks with capacities of 16,000m3 or greater should
have butt-welded annular bottom plates. Where erection is on a concrete ringwall,
the Contractor shall notch the ringwall to accommodate the backing strip without
visible distortion of the bottom plates.

5.4

Shell Plates

5.4.1

Tank shells shall be constructed from the minimum number of plates. Plate widths
shall be maximised to reduce the amount of welded seams.
All plates shall be squared to a tolerance of +/- 1mm on diagonals.

5.4.2

The vertical seams in adjacent plate courses shall be staggered by a minimum of


1/3 of the plate length.
The vertical seams in the bottom course shall be designed to clear joints in the
sketch or annular plates.
Bottom course plates for sloping bottom tanks shall have the bottom edge
developed and profiled offsite.

5.5

Design Requirements for Tanks of Higher Strength Materials

5.5.1

The requirements of paragraph 4.1 above apply.


Upper courses may be moderate strength materials in accordance with this
specification.

5.5.2

Stairways intermittently supported from the tank and/or supported by structures


from grade may be substituted by a circumferential stairway and the requirements
of paragraph 5.15 of this specification shall apply. The Contractor shall provide the
complete installation including any support structures.

5.5.3

Unless otherwise specified, openings in bottom plates shall be prefabricated with


required reinforcement built into the bottom plate. The prefabricated assembly
shall be stress relieved.

5.6

External Floating Roofs


Wind skirts or top-shell extensions and overflow drainage openings shall not be
provided unless approved in writing by the Company.

5.7

Seismic Design
Determination of the overturning moment due to seismic forces applied to the
bottom of the shell shall use the following:
Z:
seismic zone factor = 0.2 (Uniform Building Code 2B)
I:
importance factor = 1.0
Wr : total weight of the tank roof including weight of snow at 500N/m2
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The above quoted I factor shall be taken for all tanks unless a larger I factor is
specified on the Tank Data Sheet.
The Tengiz area is designated as subject to earthquakes with strength intensity up
to 5 points on the MSK 64 scale. The Kazakh Government memorandum No H460 dated 12th August 1996 requires all territories in oil and gas production regions
should be designated as localities subject to earthquakes with a tremor intensity
up to 8 points on the MSK 64 scale.
5.8

Anchorage of Tanks
The design of the tank and anchor bolts shall take into consideration a
simultaneous vertical acceleration of 0.0625 with the peak lateral ground
acceleration 0.05g.

5.9

Anchored Tanks with Design Pressures to 18kPa (2 lbf/in2) Gauge


Tanks shall be anchored to a concrete foundation for resistance to overturning due
to wind and for internal pressure.
Anchor bolts shall be sized to resist the total overturning moment or uplift force
less the total resisting moment due to the weight of the tank shell and the portion
of the roof supported by the shell. The following requirements shall be
incorporated into the design of the anchor bolt hold down system.
Anchor bolts shall not be attached to the tank bottom.
All loads shall be transmitted from the shell to the anchor bolts through
stiffened chair-type brackets of sufficient size and height.
Brackets shall be designed to carry 150% of the anchor bolt design load. The
brackets shall also be designed so that stresses in the tank shell are held to
suitable levels under the bracket design load.
Pre-tensioning of anchor bolts is not permitted and shall be prevented by use of
compressible washers under double nuts or by other suitable means approved by
the Company.

5.10

Allowable External Loads on Tank Shell Openings


Nozzle loads for tanks with diameters less than 36m shall be taken as those given
in Specification V-ST-2001.
The Contractor shall provide shell stiffness coefficients, unrestrained shell
deflection and rotation with the initial tank shell calculations for tanks greater than
36m diameter in order that the shell opening loads can be determined.
The Contractor shall advise if the shell opening loads as determined by the
Company from the information supplied by the Contractor are acceptable. The
Contractor shall also advise if a change in the shell opening location or an
increase in the shell thickness will give acceptable stresses.

5.11

Shell Openings
All shell openings shall be located as shown on the Tank Data Sheet.
Spacing of Welds Around Connections - Shell plate layout shall be made such that
shell joints clear all shell openings and reinforcement by a minimum of 150mm or
greater. Manhole locations may be changed slightly if necessary to clear joints.

5.12

Welding Details for Tanks Constructed from Moderate Strength Material


Manhole and flanged connections with reinforcing pads, which are welded to tank
shells or bottoms, shall have full penetration welds between the connection neck
and shell or bottom plate and between the connection neck and reinforcing pad.

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All manholes and flanged connections with insert-type reinforcement welded to


tank shells or bottoms shall have full penetration welds between the connection
neck and insert plate.
5.13

Welding Details for Tanks Constructed from Higher Strength Material


Supplementary data in accordance with paragraph 9.0 shall be furnished for
automatic and semi-automatic procedures unless specifically waived in writing by
the Company.
All manual welds on the shell shall be made with low hydrogen electrodes. Preheat and electrode control shall be considered when selecting the weld procedure.
No vertical welds shall be made in the downhill direction except for wash passes
on vertical welds on the outside of tanks.
Attachments of shell courses shall be made in accordance with the approved weld
procedures and in the sequence set out in the erection procedure.

5.14

Shell Attachments and Tank Appurtenance

5.14.1

The Contractor shall supply and install appurtenances as indicated on the Tank
Data Sheet.
The tank and appurtenances shall be practical to clean, paint, insulate and
maintain and the appurtenances shall have adequate clearances for these
operations. Bracing and supports shall be minimised (e.g. diagonal bracing shall
not be used under stair treads).
Appurtenances and other details not covered by the standard drawings may be of
the Contractors design, provided they comply with applicable provisions of this
specification and are reviewed by the Company.

5.14.2

All plates, clips and structural shapes on wind girders, fixed roofs and tank shells
shall be completely seal welded with a 5mm minimum fillet weld. Unless otherwise
specified, the top and bottom edges of all wind girders shall be completely seal
welded to the shell with a 5mm minimum fillet weld.
Insulation supports will be shown on the Tank Data Sheet when required.

5.14.3

All flanged connections in tank bottoms, including water draw-offs, shall be


supported by approximately 12mm thick bar welded to both the tank bottom and
connection neck. Bar supports shall be located in vertical line with the bottom shell
course and shall have a width equal to approximately 50% of the pipe outside
diameter.
Water draw-off elbows installed in 13mm sketch plates do not require
reinforcement of the bottom plate.
Sumps associated with bottom cleanout connections when specified shall be
located close to shell manholes for easy access.
Supports shall be installed under the end of swing pipe ends to protect the tank
bottom.

5.15

Platforms, Ladders, Walkways, Handrails and Stairways

5.15.1

Platforms, ladders, walkways, handrails and stairways shall be constructed in


accordance with design details shown on the reference drawings listed in section 2
and the requirements listed below.
Platforms and walkways shall be designed for a minimum load not less than
4.0kN/m2 live load or 5kN concentrated load. Deflection under design loading shall
not exceed 10mm.
The unobstructed platform width shall not be less than 800mm or not less than
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1000mm in front of manholes and similar openings. Gaps between floor grating
panels resting on structural members shall be 15mm. Adjacent platforms 300mm
or less apart in plan or 460mm or less apart in elevation shall be interconnected.
Platform elevations shall be set to permit the tread riser dimensions as shown on
the referenced drawings. Minimum headroom clearance shall not be less than
2200mm min.
Stairs shall be designed for minimum load not less than 0.4N/mm2 on the
horizontal projected area. Deflection under design loading shall not be greater than
12mm.
A minimum vertical clearance of 2200mm plus the height of the riser shall be
maintained over the stairway as measured at the nose of the tread.
5.15.2

Materials for platforms, ladders, walkways, handrails and stairways shall conform
to the requirements of Specification No. M-ST-2002.
Platform flooring and treads for stairs and floating ladders shall be hot dipped
galvanised steel serrated grating. Chequered steel plate shall not be used.
Serrated gratings shall meet the requirements of Specification No. M-ST-2002 and
shall have bearing bars at least 5mm thick. If stair treads are bolted to stringers
only galvanised bolts shall be used.
Stair treads and platforms welded to stringers or tank shells shall be completely
seal welded all around unless otherwise specified. The number of field welds
between galvanised grating and stringers shall be minimised. All field welds shall
be thoroughly abrasive blasted or wire brushed and primed.
Stair stringers must be abrasive blasted and primed in accordance with
Specification No. X-ST-2000 before attaching stair treads.
Stair treads on insulated tanks shall be supported with stringers on both sides and
be spaced away from the tank shell a distance sufficient to install a full thickness of
insulation fit-up. An inside stair rail is required if the gap between the inside stair
stringer and insulation exceeds 150mm.
For stairs supported at grade in freezing weather climates the bottom of the
concrete landing shall be located below the frost line. The top of the concrete shall
be considered the first tread.

5.15.3

Circumferential tank stairs shall have handrails in accordance with the referenced
drawings. A landing in a circumferential stairway at the wind girder level shall be
provided when wind girders are designed as a walkway and equipped with a
handrail.
All other stairs and platforms shall have handrails with midrails and toe boards in
accordance with the referenced drawings. Handrails shall clear all obstructions by
a minimum of 80mm. Attachments to handrails should be avoided, but where
absolutely necessary they shall be made in such a manner as not to obstruct
proper use of the handrail.

5.16

Top and Intermediate Wind Girders

5.16.1

Design wind velocity shall be 40m/s.

5.16.2

Stiffening Rings as Walkways - The top wind girder shall be designed as a


walkway, 1100mm below the top edge of the tank with a minimum unobstructed
width of 610mm, on tanks greater than 36m diameter. The outboard side shall
have a handrail, midrail and toe board in accordance with referenced drawings
except that when the wind girder has a vertical flange it may serve as a toe board.
The top wind girder shall be designed to permit passage of a painters trolley.

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Wind girders which function as walkways shall be designed for a live load of
3.5kN/m2. Adequate drainage shall be provided on all wind girders serving as
walkways or all wind girders having turned up vertical flanges.
5.16.3

Intermediate Wind Girders - All calculations to satisfy the need for intermediate
wind girders shall be made in accordance with National Standards. An additional
tabulation indicating the maximum design wind velocity in the corroded condition
without intermediate wind girders shall be furnished to the Company for review and
further instruction before final design review.

5.17

Roofs

5.17.1

The top angle shall be fabricated with the horizontal leg(s) outward.
Fixed roofs shall have a frangible joint when specified on the Tank Data Sheet.
Roof plates may be rectangular and of uniform width. Plates shall be laid to fall
and permit total water run off. Roof rafters shall be located to clear all
appurtenances. On lined tanks external rafters should be considered.

5.17.2

Roof support columns shall be firmly guided by 10mm minimum thickness clips of
at least 200mm high attached to the tank bottom. Roof support column loads
transferred to the tank bottom shall be adequately distributed either by 10mm thick
plate or by structural shapes. Either method shall distribute the load over a square
area, the plan dimensions of which shall be at least twice the major cross-sectional
dimension of the column and shall be large enough to accommodate the column
base where one is used. These plates or structural shapes shall be at least six
times the bottom plate thickness from any joint in the bottom plates.
If the pipe columns are provided they shall be closed at each end by a method
using full thickness welds to prevent fluid from entering the pipe.

6.

FABRICATION

6.1

Finish of Plates After squaring plates per clause 5.4.1 plates shall be contour
rolled and transported to site in cradles that are strong enough to maintain the
rolled shape.
Plate weld preparations shall be prepared before rolling.
All plates and sub assemblies shall be identified with the tank tag number and the
course for which they are intended.

6.2

Roof structures shall be shop fabricated and trial erected to ensure a good fit up
before despatching to site.
Nozzle sub assemblies shall be shop fabricated for installation at site.
Tank clean-out doors shall be installed into the bottom course of shell plate and
the annular plate section, stress relieved and non-destructive tested before
sending to site.

6.3

All plates shall be abrasive blasted in accordance with specification X-ST-2000


after rolling.
The abrasive blasted external (convex) plate surface shall be primed to within
50mm of the plate edges. Upon approval of the surface preparation, the external
surfaces shall be primed with an acceptable primer after rolling. Any primer within
50mm of edged prepared for welding shall be thoroughly removed.

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7.

ERECTION

7.1

The base metal shall be pre-heated when the base metal temperature or the
atmospheric temperature is below 10oC.

7.2

Adjacent shell courses shall be offset to provide nominal alignment at the inside
surfaces.
Shell courses shall not be welded until the course above is correctly aligned
vertically and horizontally.
Peaks and depressions at welded shell seams shall be cause for rejection.

7.3

Inspection Testing and Repairs

7.3.1

Examination of welds by sectioning shall not be performed on any part of the tank.

7.3.2

The shell and bottom shall be tested with a complete hydrotest in accordance with
an approved procedure. The Contractor shall supply valves, blinds and all other
equipment to hydrostatically test the tank with water. Major debris shall be
removed from the tank prior to testing.
The tank bottom shall be vacuum tested by the Contractor using a Soap Film in
accordance with an approved procedure.
The Company will furnish test water to the valve on the tank in order for the tank to
be hydrostatically tested. The Company will furnish make-up water as required by
the Contractor. The method of heating test water if anticipated by the Contractor
shall be subject to review by the Company. The Contractor shall dispose of the
test water in a manner agreed with the Company. After hydrostatic testing the
Contractor shall remove the remaining debris, loose mill scale, dirt and all other
foreign material from the tank bottom.

7.3.3

7.4
7.4.1
7.4.2

Tolerances
Fabrication and erection tolerances shall comply with the requirements of drawing
60-0000-V-STD-0032 in specification C-ST-2004.
Application of fabrication and erection tolerances shall be on the basis that the
more stringent of the above standard or relevant GOST, SnIP or Kazak., criteria
shall apply to each element.

8.

METHODS OF INSPECTING JOINTS

8.1

Radiography shall be conducted promptly as tank erection progresses in order to


use it as quality control rather than as a basis for acceptance after all welding has
been completed. Location of areas to be radiographed shall be selected by the
Companys field representative.
The minimum diagnostic length of each radiograph shall be 175mm on three-way
joint radiographs. The long axis of the film shall be on the vertical joint.
Random radiographs in excess of the requirements of this specification may be
requested by the Company.
The density of all radiographs shall be in the range of 1.7 to 3.0. Fine grain, high
definition, high contrast film (Kodak Type AA or equivalent brands) shall be used.
Fluorescent intensifying screens shall not be used.

8.2

At least 20% of the length of automatic or semi-automatic welded vertical seams


shall be examined across the width of the weld plus 5mm on each side by the
magnetic particle technique except that brush contacts shall be substituted for
solid prods in the prod technique.

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8.3

The Company will make partial ultrasonic examination of locations in vertical and
circumferential shell welds which would not normally be radiographed. All
examinations will be made in a manner and at a time that will not interfere with the
Contractors production work. Ultrasonic examination will be in accordance with an
approved procedure. The extent will not be less than 10% of the length of the
applicable welds.
Where ultrasonic examination reveals unacceptable shell welds the Contractor
shall either examine the welds by radiography or make a repair. Final judgement of
the weld for acceptance shall be in accordance with the applicable requirements
for radiography.

8.4

Methods of Inspection for tanks manufactured from Moderate & High Strength
Materials
a) Radiographic Method
All vertical joints in plate 32mm and thicker shall be 100% radiographed.
All three-way joints in shell courses shall be radiographed.
b) Magnetic Particle Method
All welds attaching nozzle necks and reinforcing pads shall be inspected by
magnetic particle methods, after stress relief if any.

9.

WELDING PROCEDURE AND WELDER QUALIFICATION

9.1

All welding shall be to approved procedures. Weld procedure specifications shall


be submitted to the Company for review.
All automatic or semi-automatic welding procedure qualifications shall include
impact tests of the weld, heat-affected-zone & base metal regardless of the joint
orientation or the design metal temperature.

9.2

All operators and welders to be employed in the fabrication and erection work shall
be qualified as required by National Standards and the additional provisions of this
specification. The Companys field representative may specify retesting of all
welders at site prior to start of erection for whatever reason, or subsequently
during the erection phase if, in his opinion, an indivdual welders work is
unsatisfactory or if a welders qualification tests are out-of-date. Costs for retests
shall be borne by the Contractor.

10.

PRESERVATION
Preparation and preservation shall be subject to witnessing by the RoK regulatory
Authority. The erection Contractor shall be responsible for obtaining this initial
examination and authority approval. Preservation records shall then be passed to
the Company.
All Tanks shall be internally examined to ensure removal of all loose and
extraneous matter. Open flanged nozzles and screwed fittings shall be coated with
a grease type coating to provide extended protection such as Mobilarma or Shell
Ensis or equal. Nozzles shall be covered with gasket and a wooden blank. All
screwed fittings shall be fitted with suitable steel plugs.
The internal preservation medium to be installed is Silica Gel placed in bags within
the Tank. The quantity shall be in accordance with the desiccant suppliers
instructions but can be estimated from the following formula:

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W = 170 x V
Where:

W = Weight of desiccant in grams


V = Volume of Tank (M3)

The Tank shall be clearly tagged externally to advise others of the preservation.
E.g. THIS TANK CONTAINS INTERNAL PRESERVATION, DO NOT DISTURB
SEAL.
In addition warning signs shall be tagged to each possible entry point stating THE
TANK MUST BE VENTILATED FOR AT LEAST 15 MINUTES OR TWO
COMPLETE VOLUME CHANGES PRIOR TO ENTRY.
Expiry dates of desiccant shall be clearly labeled on the Tank adjacent to its
internal location.
The integrity of the sealing shall be checked monthly by the Company and any seal
found broken shall require the desiccant to be inspected and replaced if necessary.
11.

DOCUMENTATION

11.1.

General
The Contractor is responsible for providing all documentation listed and in the
quantities requested in the Enquiry / Purchase Order.
For all documents the primary language shall be English. Russian translations shall
be provided on documents noted in Specification No. A-ST-2013 and Enquiry /
Purchase Order.

11.2.

Design Calculations
The initial calculation set issued for each tank item shall include the following:
Roof, Shell and Base thickness for internal and external pressure load.
Designs for all non-ASME standard flanges.
Stability calculations for design wind load plus snow load.
Earthquake loading.
Support reaction with foundation loads and anchor bolt quantity assessment.
Isolated Nozzle reinforcement for pressure load only.
Following the Companys issue of final nozzle orientations, the Contractor shall
prepare and issue for the Company's review final calculations to complete the
design.
Nozzle reinforcement calculations for multiple openings.
Stress analysis for internal pressure plus local mechanical loads on process
nozzles.
Local load analysis on structural attachments at support brackets.
Field Hydro-test analysis.

11.3.
11.3.1

Fabrication Documents
The Contractor's fabrication documents shall be provided in accordance with the
requirements of Enquiry / Purchase Order.
The Contractors drawing practices shall ensure that all drawings and other
documents shall show equipment item numbers; quantity of items to be supplied;
drawing/document numbers; revision numbers and Contractor's approval
signatories.

11.3.2

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General Arrangement drawings shall show:


All design information as shown on the Companys Tank Data Sheet.
All material specifications.
A complete nozzle table giving nominal pipe size, duty, flange rating, nozzle
neck thickness, projection, reinforcement size and weld attachment details.
A drawing showing the outline shape and dimensions (including all
thicknesses) of the tank together with location of principal weld seams.
An orientation plan view for adding all attachments.
A table showing imposed foundation loads and moments.
Anchorage bolt circle diameter and anchor bolt sizing.
Weights of equipment for each of the design cases.
Specific NDE requirements.
The relevant weld procedure references shall be clearly indicated also all
reference drawings and documents.
General and special Notes.
Tank test pressure(s).
All diametrical and radial dimensions shall be indicated as internal
measurements.
All pressure thicknesses shall be indicated as minimum for rolled components.
Corrosion allowances as per 5.1.
Detail drawings shall show components that were too small to dimension on the
General Arrangement drawing such as:
Fully dimensioned details of nozzles, special flanges, supports and internal
components and their attachment. (Standard details such as flanges to ASME
B16.5 / B16.47 need not be dimensioned).
Material lists may be incorporated onto one or more of the above drawings or
issued as a separate document. The lists shall show the actual material
specifications for all components to be used and shall indicate an identifying tag
number. The lists shall show the type of material certification that is to be provided
for that component.
11.3.3

Other principal documents that the Contractor shall consider mandatory are:
Quality (or inspection) Plan for each tank, showing stages of checks, assembly,
traceability, inspection, non-destructive examinations, heat-treatment(s),
pressure test(s) and final preservation. The quality plan shall reference all
relevant documents by a unique document number. Three pairs of columns
shall be reserved for signatories of: The Contractors inspector; the Independent
Inspector (where applicable) and the Companys authorized inspector with the
required Witness, Monitoring or Hold points.
Weld Procedure specifications showing detailed parameters for each weld type
for components welded to pressure parts with each specification supported by a
relevant procedure qualification record. Separate specifications shall be
provided where field welding is to be performed.
Non-Destructive Examination procedures covering Magnetic and/or Dyepenetrant examination procedures, Ultrasonic examination procedures,
Radiographic procedures.

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Heat treatment procedures covering component post forming heat-treatment(s),


intermediate and final post weld heat treatments.
Transportation and erection sketch(es) giving orientation of transport, support
locations, shipping weight, principal dimensions and center of gravity for each
equipment item.
Pressure test procedure(s) giving a method statement on the stages in
preparation before, during and following a pressure test with references to the
relevant item drawing(s).
Tank Passport containing the all certification relevant to the specific equipment
item. (see Specification for a Tank Passport).
11.4

Tank Passport
The tankage Contractor, irrespective of country of manufacture, shall provide a
passport in the format given in Specification No. A-ST-2013 for each individual
item of equipment within their scope of supply.
For all individual tanks regulatory approval shall be obtained in accordance with
the specification for Regulatory Approval Procedure for Equipment.

12.

TANK INSTALLATION & REGISTRATION


Tank registration for operation with GGT will be the responsibility of TCO.

13.

REQUIREMENTS FOR PONTOON & DOUBLE DECK FLOATING ROOFS FOR


OPEN TOP TANKS

13.1.

Unavailable Tank Stock


The tank, floating roof and appurtenances shall be designed to minimise the
amount of available stock at the low pump out level. The low pump out level shall
be defined as the level of liquid in the tank at which the roof, supported on the
liquid, is above the point where it becomes supported by its legs.
The design shall accommodate the low-type shell nozzles where stated on the
Tank Data Sheet.

13.2.

Air Quality Regulations


The design and construction of a seal assembly (primary or secondary, or a
combination of both) shall be approved for use by any governing air quality control
district and shall fully comply with the requirements of the regulations in effect at
time and place of installation.

13.3.

Roof Materials
Roof material shall be in accordance with the same requirements of the shell
materials. Where galvanised steel is specified, it shall conform to the latest edition
of ASTM A93.

13.4.

Roof Designs
Floating roofs shall be low deck pontoon or double deck, designed in accordance
with National Standards and the following paragraphs. Pan roof shall not be used.

13.5.

Pontoon Compartments
All internal bulkhead plates or sheets shall be single fillet welded along their top
edge, thus providing a liquid and vapour tight compartment.

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All pontoon inspection hatch covers shall be fitted with a gasket, be liquid tight and
be held in place so they cannot be dislodged. Each cover shall have a 25mm pipe
goose neck vent extending at least 460mm above the cover.
13.6.

Roof Deck to Bulkhead Welds


Both sides of circumferential deck plate lap joints shall be fillet welded for
approximately 25mm on either side of their intersection with vertical welds on
bulkhead plates and sheets.

13.7.

Load and Design Strength


Floating roofs shall be designed in accordance with the conditions set forth on the
Tank Data Sheet.
Tanks having foam dams shall be designed for an additional live load, under all
conditions, 128kg/m3 density fire fighting foam to the level of the top edge of the
foam dam over the area of the roof between the foam dam and the tank shell.
Low deck roof shall have a pontoon area not less than 30% of the total roof. The
roof shall be designed to withstand the loads from:
i) The center deck flooded with the design rain water load, or
ii) A punctured center deck and two adjacent flooded pontoon
The allowable stress may be increased by one third over those specified. The
allowable stress shall not exceed 80% of the minimum specified yield strength of
the material or 80% of the critical buckling strength.
Design calculations for low deck roofs shall be submitted to show compliance with
the requirements of this paragraph. Results of a proof test may be submitted as an
alternative subject to written acceptance by the Company. The test shall simulate
the design conditions with the roof floating on water. A roof of similar design with
equal or greater diameter shall be used for the proof test.

13.8.

Pontoon Ring Buckling Prevention


The Contractor shall design the floating roof to prevent out of plane buckling of the
pontoon ring when the center deck is punctured. The Contractor shall submit, after
award of contract, design wind and water load calculations.

13.9.

Deck Plate and Leg Attachment Welds


Laps on the stockside surface of roof deck plate shall be not less than 19mm wide
nor greater than 40mm wide. The open laps on the underside of the roof shall have
50mm long tack welds on 400mm centers. The stockside deck plate lap joints shall
be welded with full fillet welds for 50mm on all sides of any intersections with
vertical bulkhead plates.
The stockside surface of the roof deck plate shall be seal welded to each roof leg
with a 5mm fillet weld.

13.10.

Operation Clearances
Roofs shall not stick or jam at any operating level. The annular space between the
roof rim and the stockside shell shall be designed for proper clearance of the roof
seal. The Contractor shall submit with his bid the maximum annular space
variations between the roof and shell and the maximum and minimum annular
space which the roof seal system furnished can accommodate. All appurtenances
and internals shall have adequate clearance for the proper operation of the
completed roof assembly.

13.11.

Thickness of Roof Rim and Roof Penetrations

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The roof rim auto gauge float well and light hatch walls shall be 8mm minimum wall
thickness. Sample hatch, vacuum breaker, overflow roof drain and any other pipe
wall appurtenances passing through the floating roof and in contact externally or
internally with the stock or its vapour shall be of 8mm wall thickness.
13.12.

Roof Slope
Double deck roof shall have a minimum 50mm in 3000mm slope for rainwater
drainage. Where tank diameter dictates, a two slope top deck shall be installed with
3 satellite drain basins.

13.13.

Prevention of Seal Freezing


The Contractor shall submit with his bid his proposal to prevent the seal from
freezing due to the ingress of water into the seal and the annular space between
the seal and tank shell.

13.14.

Roof Appurtenances
Contractor shall install appurtenances as specified on the Tank Data Sheet and as
laid out on the Standard Drawings.

13.15.

Foam Dams
Foam dams shall be provided on all open top floating roof tanks over 36m
diameter, unless specifically exempted by the Company for areas with low lightning
incidents. The dam should be 600mm from the edge of the roof and should be a
minimum of 600mm high or 150mm above the high point of the weather shield,
secondary seal, wax scraper or other mechanism.
The dam shall be circular, continuous and constructed of 10gauge (3.2mm) steel
sheets fillet welded to the roof on both sides. The dam should have periodically
spaced rainwater drain slots with a total capacity for passing the maximum intensity
rainfall. The drain slot size should be minimised to reduce the amount of foam lost
during an emergency. Vertical slots 25mm high by 12mm wide spaced at 3000mm
intervals will normally be adequate. There should be no other openings on the
bottom of the dam.

13.16.

Roof Support Legs


Floating roofs shall have removable Schedule 40 galvanised pipe high legs with
racks mounted on the tank roof. Fixed low legs shall be Schedule 80 galvanised
pipe. Low and high legs shall have 12mm x 12mm notches at the bottom to permit
drainage of trapped stock. High legs shall have a stop to prevent their dropping
through the low legs during installation. All removable support legs shall be
identical. The top of the fixed legs shall extend no more than 900mm above the
roof deck. The number and location of racks shall be determined by the Contractor
in order to balance the loading on the floating roof, including the weight of the
rolling ladder.
Fixed roof supports shall support the roof in the lowest position possible while
nozzles, shell manways and other appurtenances inside the tank.
Roof legs shall have 350mm square by 10mm thick steel plate landing pads
beneath them, full fillet welded to the tank bottom.
Roof support legs shall be plumb fixed legs through single membrane sections of
roof shall be reinforced with gussets.

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A waterstop shall be installed to prevent leakage where a roof leg or its stockside
reinforcing pad crosses a roof plate lap seam.
The Contractor shall supply leg caps for all legs.
13.17.

Primary Roof Drains


Contractor shall consider the effects of ladder weight and roof stiffeners on the
ability of the roof to drain adequately. The Contractor shall advise the Company of
the drainage characteristics of each floating roof design. If satisfactory drainage is
not possible, secondary drains to the main drain system may be considered.
Primary roof drains shall be sized and positioned to accommodate runoff from
rainfall of maximum expected intensity without allowing the roof to tilt and interfere
with its operation. These drains shall pass the design rainfall when the roof is
floating at a height equal to 15% of the total tank height. Roof drain lines shall be
75mm or greater in diameter to avoid plugging. Roof drains shall be furnished
attached to steel double flanged low position nozzles on the tank shell with valves
to be supplied by Company.
Primary roof drains shall be flexible resin coated stainless steel pipe fabricated of
material resistant to the tanks contents to prevent the flexible pipe from floating,
kinking or catching on any internal appurtenance or obstruction during operation.
Steel swing jointed pipe drains, designed and packed for external pressure may be
furnished as an alternate, if approved by the Company. The joint shall be a design
approved by the Company.
Low deck pontoon roofs shall have three drains 120 degrees apart located near the
pontoon ring. One drain shall be located under the rolling ladder. On tanks 36m in
diameter and less, the three drains may be connected to a single flexible pipe
system. On tanks over 36m and up to 50m in diameter, two roof drains may be
connected to a single flexible drain pipe. On tanks over 50m in diameter, three
separate flexible drain pipes shall be furnished along with three double flanged
shell nozzles and connecting pipe.
Double deck floating roofs up to 60m in diameter shall have either a single center
drain basin and flexible roof drain line or three roof drain basins connected to a
single flexible drain line, depending on the design rainfall quantity and the roof
configuration. Double deck floating roofs over 60m in diameter shall have three roof
drain basins with separate flexible drain lines.
Inlets to primary roof drains shall be guarded by trash stops or screens to stop all
debris that could enter and obstruct any part of the drain system.
In freezing weather areas where ice build-up is anticipated, a combination plug
check valve shall be installed. The Contractor shall protect the combination plug
check valves and outlet flange from breakage due to ice in the sump by filling the
sump with sand and covering with a 50mm thick asphalt coating.

13.18.

Fixed Pipe Drain Lines


All fixed pipe drain lines (from satellite basins and rigid line on the tank bottom)
shall be fabricated of galvanised steel pipe or shall be internally protective coated.
Rigid drain lines attached to the bottom or roof shall be guided, not rigidly attached,
to allow for differential thermal expansion and plate flexing.

13.19.

Emergency Roof Drains


Double deck roofs shall have a minimum of three (3) open ended emergency roof
drains designed to handle roof drainage if the primary roof drains become plugged.
Elevation of the emergency overflow drains shall be such that the outer pontoon
cannot be completely flooded. These drains shall discharge at least 300mm below
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the bottom of the roof and shall consist of pipes, open ended top and bottom, and
braced as necessary into the roof structure. The drains shall be sized to handle the
rainfall specified by the Company with a minimum diameter of 100mm. The drains
shall be sealed with a slotted membrane or other vapour seal device.
13.20.

Vacuum Breakers
The Contractor shall design and install vacuum only breather valves sized to
handle the maximum withdrawal rate plus 25%. Mechanical type vacuum breakers
with legs shall only be installed with written Company approval.

13.21.

Manways
Roof manways shall be 915mm diameter. The manway nearest the center of the
floating roof shall have a permanently installed steel ladder. The ladder shall reach
to within 150mm of the tank bottom when the roof is on low legs. If there is no
rolling ladder access to the floating roof, the center manway shall have a two-way
cover. One (1) roof manway shall be installed on tanks less than 20m in diameter.
Two (2) manways shall be installed on tanks between 20m and 50m in diameter
and three (3) manways shall be installed on roofs over 50m in diameter.

13.22. Sample Hatches


a.
Primary Sample Hatch
Contractor shall install a 200mm sample hatch with funnel on the roof deck
directly below a point 300mm from the edge of the gauging platform. The
Contractor shall install a recoil reel on the gauging platform.
b.
Secondary Sample Hatches
Secondary sample hatches, used primarily for bottom sediment samples are to
be installed when specified. A secondary hatch consists of a flanged nozzle
with funnel on the bottom end and flange with lock down cover on top. The
flange face shall be at the same level as the top of the roof rim.
13.23.

Gauge Well
The roof shall have a gauge well system.

13.24.

Swing Line Tracks


A swing line roller track shall be installed on the underside of the floating roof.
Track minimum width shall be 600mm. Track length shall be a minimum of 600mm
longer on each end than the roller will travel. The roller track shall be seal welded
to the roof deck plate. The edge of the track shall have a minimum 50mm lip to
contain the roller.

13.25.

Roof Seal Materials and Design


The requirements for materials, design and installation of primary and secondary
roof seals for external floating roof tanks shall meet this specification.

13.26.

Nonmetallic Seal Components


The Contractor shall specify the non-metallic components in accordance with the
acceptable brands and suppliers. These components include: Main seal fabric
Expansion joint fabrics
Toroidal seal filler material
Secondary seal fabrics

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13.27.

Metallic Seal Components


a.
Shoe Material
Unless otherwise specified Type 304 stainless steel, 18 gauge, shoes shall be
furnished.
b.
Shoe Hanger System
All bolts and clamping bars used to attach the main and expansion joint seal fabric
to the stainless steel shoes and to attach the seal fabric to the roof rim shall be
made of 300 Series stainless steel. Bolts used to attach the main seal to the
floating roof rim shall be 40mm long to permit installation of a secondary seal by
others at a later date. Rivets shall not be used in fabrication or installation of
primary seal.

13.28.

Shoe Systems Replaceable and Non-Replaceable in Service


a. Replaceable in Service Shoe System
All metallic parts shall be fabricated of 300 Series stainless steel. Non-metallic
parts such as gaskets shall be of polyethylene. Anti-rotational caps shall be of
neoprene. Caulking material shall be butyl based.
b. Non-Replaceable in Service Shoe System
Hanger arms shall be made of carbon steel and hot dipped galvanised after
fabrication. Pins, bushings, retaining clips and springs shall be made of 300 Series
stainless steel. Attachment clips mounted on stainless steel shoes shall be
fabricated of 300 Series stainless steel. Attachment clips mounted on the floating
roof rim shall be fabricated of 5mm Type 304 stainless steel and shall be attached
to the rim by a 5mm fillet weld all the way around the clip.

13.29.

Secondary Seals
Hot dipped galvanised pressure plates shall be furnished unless stainless steel
plates are specified. All metallic parts, including bars, plates, sheets, pins, bolts,
nuts and washers etc. which are in contact with the stainless steel shoes shall be
made of 300 Series stainless steel. Metallic parts not in contact with the stainless
steel shoes shall be zinc or cadmium plated carbon steel.

13.30.

Approved Seal System Contractors


The Contractor shall select seals from the lists of approved Contractors given
below.

13.31.

Replaceable in Service Shoe type Primary Seals


Manufacturer
Model
W.G. Seals
Weather Guard Shoe Seal

13.32.

Non-replaceable in Service Shoe type Primary Seals.


Manufacturer
Model
CB & I
SR 1
PDM
Mechanical Shoe Seal
Brown-Minneapolis
Mechanical Shoe Seal
HMT
LA Standard Mechanical Shoe Seal
TARSCO
Mechanical Shoe Seal

13.33.

Rim Mounted Secondary Seals


Manufacturer
Model
W.G. Seals
Weatherguard Duo-Tip

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HMT
Econo-Flex
The Contractor can submit a quotation for a alternative shoe and seal, design
drawings showing the details of fabrication and erection materials shall be
submitted with his bid proposal for review by the Company.
13.34.

Roof Sealing System Design


Type of Seal Systems to be Furnished
The Tank Data Sheet will specify which of the following two designs of primary seal
systems is acceptable. If the type is not specified Type A shall be furnished and
installed.
a. A stainless steel shoe-type seal capable of being replaced in service.
b. A stainless steel shoe-type seal, not capable of being replaced in service.
A rim-mounted galvanized secondary seal system shall be installed unless
otherwise specified.

13.35.

Design Requirements for all Seal Systems


The design and construction of a seal assembly (primary and/or secondary) shall
be approved for use by the Company.
Design and construction of the seal assembly shall allow the tank to overflow and
then return to a liquid level that floats the roof below the top of the tank shell
without damage to any part of the tank. This excludes damage that may be caused
by the spilled portion of the tank contents. During such an occurrence, no manual
attention shall be required to protect the tank.
The seal assemblies shall be designed for the expansion and contraction
requirements of the individual tank. Standard variations in the tank shell, roof travel
and rotation about roof guides, and thermal expansion shall be incorporated in the
design. The Contractor shall furnish the Company with the expansion and
contraction capabilities of the seals, including design calculations.
All cut edges of the seal fabric shall be sealed with the fabric Contractors
recommended sealing compound.
The Contractor shall submit with bid documents for the Companys review of the
recommended procedure for joining fabric splices.
Wedges shall not be used in fastening inter-shoe splices or main seal fabric. Seal
fabric shall be bolted with M10 diameter by 65mm carriage bolts, installed in such a
manner that a backup wrench will not be required for their removal.

13.36.

Mechanical Shoe-type Seal Systems Either Replaceable or Non-Replaceable


In Service
The shoe geometry shall comply with the requirements of this specification. In
addition, the top edge of the shoe shall extend a minimum of 25mm below the
bottom edge of the roof, and a minimum of 50mm above the top edge of the roof
rim.
The length and angle of break or roll at the top and bottom of the shoes shall be
adequate to prevent snagging on shell protrusions, lapped seams, etc.
All hangers or weights that exert pressure against the shoes shall be below the
seal unless otherwise approved. All shoes shall be supported in at least 2 locations
so no loading exists on the fabric between the shoes. The pressure exerted on the
shoes shall be uniform around the roof and shall not greatly exceed the pressure
required to hold the shoe against the shell.

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All primary seal assembly shoes shall be supported at a minimum of 2 points along
a horizontal line so that under no condition of loading is the connecting fabric
between shoes required to provide vertical support. Horizontal thrust pushing the
shoe against the shell shall be located at 2 additional points. If the shoe supports
are attached to the upper portion of the shoe, the horizontal thrust points shall be at
the lower portion; if the shoe supports are attached to the lower portion of the shoe,
the horizontal thrust points shall be at the upper portion. Coil springs shall not be
used for horizontal thrust. The hanger system design shall prevent catching and
pinching of the primary seal fabric.
The roof shall be electrically bonded to the shell.
The Contractor shall make necessary 'cut outs' for any shell appurtenances that
might damage the shoes when the roof is on its low legs. Bolt heads etc shall not
protrude from the shoe surface in contact with the tank shell.
The main seal fabric shall be wide enough to allow for the movement of the roof
relative to the shoes at all roof levels. The minimum acceptable finished fabric
width shall be calculated by the Contractor with calculations submitted to the
Company for review.
Fabric vapour seals used with the mechanical shoe type seal shall be continuous
and gas tight. If the seal is immersed in the liquid, fabric splices shall be minimised.
Immersed edges of the fabric except small field cuts required for bolts etc shall be
completely sealed by the synthetic coating material to prevent wick action occurring
in the fibre. Fabric vapour seals shall be replaceable with the tank in service.
Expansion joint fabric shall be sealed to primary seal fabric. There shall be no gaps
between the seal fabric and shell as the expansion joint opens and closes. As
necessary to close gaps caused by the primary seal contracting, pillows
consisting of fabric covered urethane foam may be installed between the tank shell
and the fabric splice of the expansion joint and primary seal.
13.37.

Mechanical Shoe type Seal Systems Replaceable in Service


Segments and/or the entire seal system must be capable of being replaced in
service.
The system shall have a shoe in contact with the shell. Wipe or point contact types
are not acceptable.
When the annular space is at the design minimum, at least 25mm of space shall
exist between the liquid in the tank and the vapour barrier portion of the seal
assembly at all locations.
The seal design must be capable of local modification to close the annular space
up to 80mm greater than the normal design tolerance of +100mm.

13.38.

Secondary Seal Systems


The secondary seal shall be rim mounted. The design and construction details of
the secondary seal assembly, including composition and Contractors designation
of all seal fabrics, adhesives, rubber wipe blades and polyurethane foams, shall be
submitted to the Company for approval prior to installation.
The design shall be such that the secondary seal can be installed, removed, and
repaired while the tank is in service.
The design of the secondary seal shall permit filling of the tank to the maximum
height possible with the secondary seal retaining its effectiveness.
The design of the secondary seal shall provide grounding to the shell if any metallic
parts of the secondary seal come within 50mm of the shell.

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When an adapter bar, angle or channel is bolted to the roof to allow installation of
the secondary seal a sealer strip, such as rubber or neoprene, shall be installed
between the adapter and the roof. No metal-to-metal joint will be allowed when the
joint is part of the secondary seal envelope.
13.39.

Centering Devices
Centering devices placing a thrust on the shell must be mounted below the roof.
Centering devices shall have rollers in contact with the shell. These devices shall
be capable of both vertical and horizontal rotation without wear on the shell.
Centering devices shall be mounted in opposite pairs, with a minimum of six on a
tank.

13.40.

Wax Scrapers
Wax Scrapers shall be installed and mounted below the seal system with a
minimum space of 80mm open to the stock in the tank.
Wax scrapers shall be designed to scrape on the downward movement of the roof
and shall not permit wax scraped off the shell to be trapped between the shoe and
shell and these be deposited on top of the roof.

13.41.

Coatings
The roof shall be abrasive blasted and coated per Specification No. X-ST-2000.

13.42.

Inspection and Testing of Floating Roofs


All welding and welding procedures shall be inspected and approved by the
Companys Welding Inspector. The Contractor shall pre-inspect and repair all
welds before turning them over to Company for inspection. Welds rejected by the
Companys Inspector are to be repaired and reinspected by the Contractor at the
Contractors expense.
The Contractor shall vacuum test all roof weld joints and all tests will be witnessed
by the Companys Inspectors. At the Contractors expense the Contractor shall
repair any welds found to be defective during vacuum test.
The Contractor shall test floating roofs and closed type roof drain systems in
accordance with an approved procedure.
The Contractor shall test mechanical shoe type seals for leakage. Test shall be
made by applying air pressure under the seal equivalent to 80mm of water column.
If only one rim nozzle is furnished with the roof, the Contractor shall provide one
other independent connection to the rim space for the purpose of testing the seal.
After satisfactory seal testing by the Contractor of portions of a multi tank
construction programme the Company may elect to waive the air test requirement.
Should the air test be waived the Company will visually inspect the seal installation
on the remaining tanks to assure workmanship that will provide the desired
tightness. The Company may reinstate the air test requirement for the primary seal
for any or all tanks.
Primary tubular seals shall be in contact with the shell over the entire roof
circumference at all heights.
There shall be no gap between any secondary seal and the tank shell in the initially
installed position.
Pontoon compartments shall be tested to demonstrate that they are liquid tight. The
test may be via low air pressure, vacuum box or use of a penetrating oil.

Page 24 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

1. ....................................................................................... 26
2.

........................................................................................... 26

3.

......................................................................... 27

4.

....................................................................................................... 28

5.

.................................................................................................... 30

6.

.................................................................................................. 36

7.

............................................................................................................. 36

8.

................................................................ 37

9.

....................................... 38

10. ................................................................................................... 38
11. ................................................................................................. 39
12. ........................................................ 42
13.
............. 42

Page 25 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

1.

1.1


,
,
, ,

.
,
,


,
.

1.2


,
:




,
/ .

2.

, , ,
. ,
.
API 2000

ASME B16.5
ASME B16.47
BS 6374-5 1985
lll-18-75,
18, lll


,
,
.
.

NPS NPS 24
NPS 26
NPS 60

Page 26 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0


:

60-0000-M-STD-0004-01
, ,
1 2
60-0000-M-STD-0004-02
, ,
2 2
60-0000-M-STD-0005-01
,
, 1 2
60-0000-M-STD-0005-02
,
, 2 2
60-0000-M-STD-0007-02
,


A-ST-2013

C-ST-2004

X-ST-2000

M-ST-2002

V-ST-2001

W-ST-2004

, ,

W-ST-2005

3.

API
ASTM
GGT
MSK
NDE
NPS




(
)

Page 27 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

,
:

, ,

()

, ()

, ,

4.

4.1

4.1.1

ASTM
API .

.
ASTM 537, 2, 678, .
, , .

4.1.2


, ,
, , ,
.

414 /2 . ,
.

515 /2
, .

4.1.3

ASTM API,
,
:

620 /2
.

4.1.4


, , ,
, ,
.

4.1.5

, ,


W-ST-2005, ,
.
.

4.2

Page 28 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

4.2.1

.
;

.
.

, . , ,
.
,
,
.
,
.

.
.
- .

4.2.2

,
.
, ,
. ,

.
. -

. .

4.3


,
, ,
.
.

.
V- .
U- .

, .

.
,
, ,
.

4.4

Page 29 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0


, .
.
/ ,
.

.
5.

5.1



.
.

5.2

8 ,
3 .


13
300 .
10
,
,
.
.

5.3
, 16 000 3
, .
, ,

.
5.4
5.4.1

.
,
.
+/- 1 .

5.4.2


1/3 .
,
- .

.

5.5

5.5.1

4.1.

Page 30 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

, ,
.
5.5.2

, /
, ,
, , . 5.15
. ,
.

5.5.3

,
, .
.

5.6


.
5.7

, ,
:
Z:

= 0,2 (
2B)
I:
= 1,0
Wr : , 500/2
I
,
.

5 MSK 64.
460 12 1996 ,
-
8 MSK 64.
5.8



0.0625

0.05g.

5.9

18 (.)
(2 / . )
,
,
.
,

,
, .
.

Page 31 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0



.

150% .
,

.



, , .
5.10


36
V-ST-2001.
36
,
, ,
.
,
, , .
, ,

.

5.11



.
.

150 .
, .

5.12

,

,
,

.
,
,
.

5.13

,


. 9.0,
.

.
.

Page 32 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

,

.


, .
5.14

5.14.1


.
,
, ,

. (,
).
,
,
, ,
,
.

5.14.2 , ,

5 .
,

5 .
,
.
5.14.3 , ,
12
, , .

, 50 %
.
, 13- -,
.
, ,
,
.

.
5.15 , , ,
5.15.1

, , ,
,
, 2,
, .

4,0 /2 5
. 10 .
Page 33 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

800 ,

1000 . ,
, 15 .
, 300 ,
460 , .
,
, .
2200
0,4
/2 .
12 .
2200

.
5.15.2

, , ,
M-ST-2002.

.
.
M-ST-2002
5 .
,
.
,
,
, . ,
, .
, ,
.

X-ST2000, .


, .
150
, .


. .

5.15.3


.
,
.


.
80 . , ,

Page 34 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

, ,
.
5.16

5.16.1

40 /.

5.16.2

. -
, 1100 ,
610 ,
36 . ,
, ,
,
, .
,
.
, ,
3,5 / 2. ,
,
.

5.16.3

.

.


,
.

5.17

5.17.1

()
.
,
.
, .
,
.
, - .

.

5.17.2


10 200 ,
. ,
,
10- , .

,
,
,
.

, .

, ,
Page 35 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

.
6.

6.1

. .5.4.1

, .
.

, .

6.2


, .
.


.

6.3


X-ST-2000.
()
50
.

. 50-
.

7.

7.1 ,
10oC, .
7.2 , ,
.
,
.

.
7.3 ,
7.3.1

7.3.2


.
,
.
.

.

7.3.3


.
Page 36 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

.
, ,
.

, .
7.4
7.4.1
7.4.2


60-0000-V-STD-0032 C-ST-2004


, .

8.

8.1


,
,
.
.

175 .
.
, ,
,
.
1,7 3,0.

( ).
.

8.2 20%

5 ,
,
.
8.3
,
.
,
.
.
10% .
,
,
, .

.

Page 37 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

8.4 ,

a)
32
100- .

.
b)
, ,
,
, .
9.

9.1


.
.

,
,
.
9.2 , ,

.


, , , , ,
.
.

10.

.

.
.
,
, .

Mobilarma Shell Ensis, ,
.
.
.
(Silica Gel),
.

Page 38 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

,
:
W = 170 x V
:

W =

V = (M3)

.
:

,
.
,
: ,
, 15
,
.

.

, ,
, .

11.

11. 1


,
/ .
.
,
A-ST-2013, / .

11.2


,
, :
,
.
,
ASME.

.
.

.
.

Page 39 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

.
11.3

11.3.1
/ .
11.3.2
;
; / ;
.
:


, , ,
, , .

,
( )
.

, .

() .

.
5.1.

Page 40 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

/ ,
,
, :

, ,
. (
, , ,
ASME B16.5 / B16.47).

, .

/ ,
. ,
/ .
11.3.3

,
, :

( )
, , , ,
, , (),
.

.
: ,
( )
,
.


/ ,
, ,

.

.

,
/ ,
,
.

,
() / ,
.

,
/ ,
,
.

,
() / ,
.

(),

, , ,
.

() ,
Page 41 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

, ,
, ()
.

,
, (.
).
11.4


, ,
, AST-2013
.


.

12.

.
13.

13. 1


,
,
.
, ,
, ,
.
, ,
, .

13.2

( ,
)

,
.
13.3

, .
, ,
ASTM A93.
13.4


,
, .
.

Page 42 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

13.5


, ,
.

,
, .

25- ,
460 .
13.6



25
.

13.7


,
.
, ,

,
128 / 3

.

30% . ,
:
i)

ii)


. 80%
80%
.

.
,
.

.

.
13.8

,

.
.

Page 43 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

13.9

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0



19 40 .

50 400 .

50
.

5-
.

13.10


.
,
.


,
.

.
13.11



8 .
, ,
,

, 8 .

13.12

50 3000
. , ,
,
.
13.13



,

.

13.14



, .
13.15

Page 44 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0


36 ,
, .
600 ,
600 150
, ,
.
, ,
10- (3,2 ),
.
,
.
,
.
25 12 ,
3 000 .
- .
13.16


,
,
40, ,
.
, 80. ,

.
.
.
900
.

,
, .

, ,
.

10 350 350 ,
- .
.
,
,
.
.

13.17



.

.

Page 45 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0


.


. ,
, 15%
. ,
75 .
,
, ,
.

,
, ,
, , -
. ,
,
,
. .
,
120 .
.
36
. 36 50
.
50

.
60
,
,
,
.
60
.

-
.
, ,
.


50
.
13.18

Page 46 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

(
)
.
, ,
, ,

.
13.19


3 ()
,
.
, .
300
, ,
.
, ,
100 .
- .

13.20


,
25 %. ,
,
.
13.21

915 . ,
, .
,
150 .
,
.
20 1 () .
20 50 2 ()
, 50
3 () .

13.22


a.

200
300
.
.
b.

,
, .
,

. ,
.

Page 47 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

13.23

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

13.24



.
600 . 600
, .
.
50-
.

13.25


,

.

13.26



.
:



13.27


a.

,
304, 18.
b.

,

,
300. ,
, 40
, .

.

13.28

a. ,


300. , ,
.
.
.
b. ,

Page 48 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0


.
, ,
300. ,
,
300. ,
, 304 5

.
13.29


,
,
. , ,
, , , , ..,
,
300. ,
,
.

13.30

-

- .

13.31

-
W.G. Seals

13.32

,
-

CB & I
SR 1
PDM

-

HMT
,
LA
TARSCO

13.33

,
-

W.G. Seals
,
HMT


; ,
,
.

13.34



,

.
.
Page 49 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

c. ,
.
d. ,
.
,
, ,
13.35


( / )
.

,

- . ,
.
-
.

.
,
,
.
, .

, .

.

.
65- 10 ,
,
.

13.36

,


. ,
25 50
.


, ..
, ,
, .
,
.
,
.

Page 50 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0


,
,
. ,
, .
,
;
,
.
.

.
.

,
, .
, ,
..
,
.

.
,
,
. ,
. ,
, ..,

.
.

.
.
, ,
,

,
.
13.37

,

/
.
.
.
,
25
.

Page 51 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0

, ,
80 ,
+ 100 .
13.38


.
,
, ,
,
.

, .


.

, - c
50 .
, ,
,
, ,
.
, .

13.39


,
.

,
.
, , .

,
,
.
13.40



,
80 .


, ,
.

13.41


XST-2000.

13.42

Page 52 of 53

TENGIZCHEVROIL

DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF SITE BUILT STORAGE TANKS


,

Specification

DOC . : D-ST-2002
Rev. 0


.

,
. ,
,
.

,
. ,
, .

.

.
, 80 .
,

.


,
.
,
,
, .

.

.

.
,
.

Page 53 of 53