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2006
51(076.2)
22.1721
87

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87 ( ) /
. . , . . . .:
: , 2006.
464 .: . ( ).
ISBN 5-488-00573-0 ( )
ISBN 5-94666-317-8 ( )
3000
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51(076.2)
22.1721
ISBN 5-488-00573-0
( )
ISBN 5-94666-317-8
( )
. ., . ., 2006
.
, 2006

3000 -
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.

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2 3
I 4. , |a| < |b|:
) b < a < b, b > 0;
) b < a < b, b < 0.
5. , |x + y| m |x| + |y|.
. 6. , |x y| l |x| |y|.
x
7. , : ) |xy| = |x| |y|; ) x
--- = ------ , y 0.
8. , :
y y

) a b ,
a b
--- + --- l 2,
b a

1. . a = b;
) a b ,
a b
--- + --- m 2,
b a
. .
( ) a a = b.
, : , a 0, b 0 -
1) a a > 0;
a b
2) a = 0; --- + --- l 2,
b a
3) a a < 0.
. a = b.
a |a|. 9. :
a -
) ax = x2; ) (a 2)x = a2 4; ) (a2 9)x = a2 + 27.
:
10. :
a a > 0, ) 4x > 5; ) 5x + 6 m 3x 8; ) ax m 1; ) ax > 1.
|a| = 0 a = 0,
a a < 0. 11. :
3x > 1, 2x < , x > 1, 3x + 2 l 0,
a = 0 |a| = 0 = a = a, - ) x < 3; ) x > 1; ) 2x + 1 m 5; )
x+ 5 < 0.

: 12. x N,
5x 7 < 2x + 8.
a a l 0, a a > 0, :
1) |a| = a a < 0 2) |a| = a a m 0.
13. ) |x 1| = 3; ) |x + 2| = 1; ) |3 x| = a; ) |x a| = 2.
1. |x| m x m |x|. 14. ) |x 3| = x 3; ) |x 3| = 3 x; ) |x 3| = x.
2. , a > 0 |x| < a 15. ) |2x 1| = |x + 3|; ) |x a| = |x 4|.
a < x < a ( a l 0 |x| m a 16. ) |x 4| + |x + 4| = 9; ) |x 4| + |x + 4| = 8;
a m x m a). ) |x 4| |x + 4| = 8; ) |x + 4| |x 4| = 8.
3. , x - 17. |x 3| + |x + 2| |x 4| = 3.
|x| > a, , - 18. a |2x + 3| + |2x 3| =
: x > a, x < a. = ax + 6 ?

4 5
I 4. , |a| < |b|:
) b < a < b, b > 0;
) b < a < b, b < 0.
5. , |x + y| m |x| + |y|.
. 6. , |x y| l |x| |y|.
x
7. , : ) |xy| = |x| |y|; ) x
--- = ------ , y 0.
8. , :
y y

) a b ,
a b
--- + --- l 2,
b a

1. . a = b;
) a b ,
a b
--- + --- m 2,
b a
. .
( ) a a = b.
, : , a 0, b 0 -
1) a a > 0;
a b
2) a = 0; --- + --- l 2,
b a
3) a a < 0.
. a = b.
a |a|. 9. :
a -
) ax = x2; ) (a 2)x = a2 4; ) (a2 9)x = a2 + 27.
:
10. :
a a > 0, ) 4x > 5; ) 5x + 6 m 3x 8; ) ax m 1; ) ax > 1.
|a| = 0 a = 0,
a a < 0. 11. :
3x > 1, 2x < , x > 1, 3x + 2 l 0,
a = 0 |a| = 0 = a = a, - ) x < 3; ) x > 1; ) 2x + 1 m 5; )
x+ 5 < 0.

: 12. x N,
5x 7 < 2x + 8.
a a l 0, a a > 0, :
1) |a| = a a < 0 2) |a| = a a m 0.
13. ) |x 1| = 3; ) |x + 2| = 1; ) |3 x| = a; ) |x a| = 2.
1. |x| m x m |x|. 14. ) |x 3| = x 3; ) |x 3| = 3 x; ) |x 3| = x.
2. , a > 0 |x| < a 15. ) |2x 1| = |x + 3|; ) |x a| = |x 4|.
a < x < a ( a l 0 |x| m a 16. ) |x 4| + |x + 4| = 9; ) |x 4| + |x + 4| = 8;
a m x m a). ) |x 4| |x + 4| = 8; ) |x + 4| |x 4| = 8.
3. , x - 17. |x 3| + |x + 2| |x 4| = 3.
|x| > a, , - 18. a |2x + 3| + |2x 3| =
: x > a, x < a. = ax + 6 ?

4 5
: ,
19. ) |x| > a; ) |x 1| > 1; ) |x 1| > 1.
k1 = 1
--- .
20. ) |x| < a; ) |x + 2| m 2; ) |x + 2| < 2. k
21. ) |2x + 1| > x; ) |2x + 3| m 4x. , (x0; y0) -
22. ) |1 3x| |x + 2| m 2; ) |x + 2| + |x 3| > 5. k,
23. : y y0 = k(x x0),
|x| l x, |x| m x,
) ) , M1(x1; y1)
2x 1 > 3; |x + 2| > 1.
24. a f(x) = (a 2)x + 3a 4, M2(x2; y2),
x (; +), : ) ; ) ? x x1 y y1
------------------- = ------------------ .
25. a f(x) = (a + 3)x + 5a, x2 x1 y2 y1
x (; +), ?
26. k, f(x) = (k 1)x + y = f(x) (x0; y0), y0 = f(x0), -
+ k2 3, x (; +): ) ; ) f(x0), -
. y = f(x) (x0; y0)
27. m, y = (m2 y y0 = f(x0) (x x0),
4)x + |m|, x (; +), .
. (. . , -
28. f(x). , ) y = f(x)
F(x) = f(f(x)) . 1
- (x x0).
y y0 = ---------------
f ( x 0 )
. - :
xOy.
29. ) y = 2x; ) y = 1
--- x.
y (. 1), - 3
b Oy ( - 30. ) y = x 2; ) y = 3 x.
+ ),
kx 31. ) y = 2x 1; ) y = 1 3x.
= y = kx + b, k = tg , 32. ) y = |x 1|; ) y = |x + 2|.
y
O x 33. ) y = |1 + 2x|; ) y = |4x + 2|.
tg ,
34. y = ||x 1| 2|.
-
Ox, b , - 35. y = |x + 2| + |x 3|. 36. y = |2x + 1| |2x 2|.
. 1 x x2
Oy; 37. y = x + -----
-. 38. y = x + |x 1| + ---------------
-.
x x2
, Oy -
x = x0 Ox, :
y
x = x0, x x0 = 0; 39. ------------
x + 1 = 1.
- 40. |y| + x = 1.
, Ox - 41. |x| + |y| = 2. 42. |y 3| = |x 1|.
y = y0 Oy,
y = y0, y y0 = 0. xOy , -
:
y = kx + b y = k1x + b1 , 43. y > x. 44. y < x.
: k = k1. - 45. y l |x|. 46. x > |y|.

6 7
: ,
19. ) |x| > a; ) |x 1| > 1; ) |x 1| > 1.
k1 = 1
--- .
20. ) |x| < a; ) |x + 2| m 2; ) |x + 2| < 2. k
21. ) |2x + 1| > x; ) |2x + 3| m 4x. , (x0; y0) -
22. ) |1 3x| |x + 2| m 2; ) |x + 2| + |x 3| > 5. k,
23. : y y0 = k(x x0),
|x| l x, |x| m x,
) ) , M1(x1; y1)
2x 1 > 3; |x + 2| > 1.
24. a f(x) = (a 2)x + 3a 4, M2(x2; y2),
x (; +), : ) ; ) ? x x1 y y1
------------------- = ------------------ .
25. a f(x) = (a + 3)x + 5a, x2 x1 y2 y1
x (; +), ?
26. k, f(x) = (k 1)x + y = f(x) (x0; y0), y0 = f(x0), -
+ k2 3, x (; +): ) ; ) f(x0), -
. y = f(x) (x0; y0)
27. m, y = (m2 y y0 = f(x0) (x x0),
4)x + |m|, x (; +), .
. (. . , -
28. f(x). , ) y = f(x)
F(x) = f(f(x)) . 1
- (x x0).
y y0 = ---------------
f ( x 0 )
. - :
xOy.
29. ) y = 2x; ) y = 1
--- x.
y (. 1), - 3
b Oy ( - 30. ) y = x 2; ) y = 3 x.
+ ),
kx 31. ) y = 2x 1; ) y = 1 3x.
= y = kx + b, k = tg , 32. ) y = |x 1|; ) y = |x + 2|.
y
O x 33. ) y = |1 + 2x|; ) y = |4x + 2|.
tg ,
34. y = ||x 1| 2|.
-
Ox, b , - 35. y = |x + 2| + |x 3|. 36. y = |2x + 1| |2x 2|.
. 1 x x2
Oy; 37. y = x + -----
-. 38. y = x + |x 1| + ---------------
-.
x x2
, Oy -
x = x0 Ox, :
y
x = x0, x x0 = 0; 39. ------------
x + 1 = 1.
- 40. |y| + x = 1.
, Ox - 41. |x| + |y| = 2. 42. |y 3| = |x 1|.
y = y0 Oy,
y = y0, y y0 = 0. xOy , -
:
y = kx + b y = k1x + b1 , 43. y > x. 44. y < x.
: k = k1. - 45. y l |x|. 46. x > |y|.

6 7
xOy , - 1
11. (arcsin x) = -------------------
- , |x| < 1.
: 1 x2
47. y + |y| x |x| = 0. 48. |x + y| + |x y| = 4.
1
49. |y|x = x. 50. |x y| + y = 0. 12. (arccos x) = -------------------
- , |x| < 1.
1 x2
51. a, y -
x = 0, 1
13. (arctg x) = ---------------
-.
1 + x2
2x + 1 x m 0,
y = x + a x > 0. 1
14. (arcctg x) = ---------------
-.
1+x 2

. u(x) v(x) - , ,
D R , - , D R,
:
(uv) = uv + vu 1. (c f(x)) = c f(x), c = const.
x D, 2. [(f(x))] = (f(x)) 1 f(x), f(x) > 0 R; f(x) R
= 2n + 1, n Z.
u = uv vu
--v- ------------------------
v2 3. (ef(x)) = ef(x) f(x).
4. (af(x)) = af(x) ln a f(x), a > 0, a 1.
x D, v(x) 0. f ( x )
- , f(x) 0.
5. (ln|f(x)|) = ------------
52. : f(x)
) y = |3x + 1|; ) y = |x + 1| + x + 1; f ( x )
- , f(x) 0, a > 0, a 1.
6. (loga |f(x)|) = --------------------
) y = |x + 1| + |x 1|; ) y = |x 3| |x + 3|. f ( x )lna
7. (sin f(x)) = cos f(x) f(x).
8. (cos f(x)) = sin f(x) f(x).
: f ( x )
- , f(x) --- + n, n Z.
9. (tg f(x)) = ----------------------
cos f ( x )
2 2
53. ) y = 3 x; ) y = --1- x + 1.
x f ( x )
- , f(x) n, n Z.
10. (ctg f(x)) = ----------------------
54. ) y = 2 + |x 4|; ) y = 3 |x|. sin 2 f ( x )
55. ) y = (|x + 10| + |x 10|); ) y = |x 4| |x + 5|; f ( x )
) y = |x + 4| |x + 3| + |x + 2| |x + 1| + |x|. 11. (arcsin f(x)) = ---------------------------
- , |f(x)| < 1.
1 f2(x )
f ( x )
12. (arccos f(x)) = ---------------------------
- , |f(x)| < 1.
1. C = 0, C = const. 1 f2(x )
2. (x) = x 1, x > 0, R; x R = 2n + 1, n Z. f ( x )
13. (arctg f(x)) = -----------------------
-.
3. (ex) = ex. 4. (ax) = ax ln a, a > 0, a 1. 1 + f (x)
2

f ( x )
5. (ln |x|) = --1- . 1
- , |x| 0, a > 0, a 1.
6. (loga |x|) = ------------- 14. (arcctg f(x)) = -----------------------
1 + f (x)
2
-.
x x ln a
7. (sin x) = cos x. 8. (cos x) = sin x. :
1 56. ) y = |2x 1|; ) y = 2 |3 4x|.
- , x --- + n, n Z.
9. (tg x) = --------------
cos x 2 2 57. ) y = |3x + 2| + |2x 3|; ) y = |x + 7| 2|x 2|.
1
- , x n, n Z.
10. (ctg x) = -------------- 58. y = 2|x 1| 3|x + 2| + x.
2
sin x 59. y = |x 2| + |x a|.

8 9
xOy , - 1
11. (arcsin x) = -------------------
- , |x| < 1.
: 1 x2
47. y + |y| x |x| = 0. 48. |x + y| + |x y| = 4.
1
49. |y|x = x. 50. |x y| + y = 0. 12. (arccos x) = -------------------
- , |x| < 1.
1 x2
51. a, y -
x = 0, 1
13. (arctg x) = ---------------
-.
1 + x2
2x + 1 x m 0,
y = x + a x > 0. 1
14. (arcctg x) = ---------------
-.
1+x 2

. u(x) v(x) - , ,
D R , - , D R,
:
(uv) = uv + vu 1. (c f(x)) = c f(x), c = const.
x D, 2. [(f(x))] = (f(x)) 1 f(x), f(x) > 0 R; f(x) R
= 2n + 1, n Z.
u = uv vu
--v- ------------------------
v2 3. (ef(x)) = ef(x) f(x).
4. (af(x)) = af(x) ln a f(x), a > 0, a 1.
x D, v(x) 0. f ( x )
- , f(x) 0.
5. (ln|f(x)|) = ------------
52. : f(x)
) y = |3x + 1|; ) y = |x + 1| + x + 1; f ( x )
- , f(x) 0, a > 0, a 1.
6. (loga |f(x)|) = --------------------
) y = |x + 1| + |x 1|; ) y = |x 3| |x + 3|. f ( x )lna
7. (sin f(x)) = cos f(x) f(x).
8. (cos f(x)) = sin f(x) f(x).
: f ( x )
- , f(x) --- + n, n Z.
9. (tg f(x)) = ----------------------
cos f ( x )
2 2
53. ) y = 3 x; ) y = --1- x + 1.
x f ( x )
- , f(x) n, n Z.
10. (ctg f(x)) = ----------------------
54. ) y = 2 + |x 4|; ) y = 3 |x|. sin 2 f ( x )
55. ) y = (|x + 10| + |x 10|); ) y = |x 4| |x + 5|; f ( x )
) y = |x + 4| |x + 3| + |x + 2| |x + 1| + |x|. 11. (arcsin f(x)) = ---------------------------
- , |f(x)| < 1.
1 f2(x )
f ( x )
12. (arccos f(x)) = ---------------------------
- , |f(x)| < 1.
1. C = 0, C = const. 1 f2(x )
2. (x) = x 1, x > 0, R; x R = 2n + 1, n Z. f ( x )
13. (arctg f(x)) = -----------------------
-.
3. (ex) = ex. 4. (ax) = ax ln a, a > 0, a 1. 1 + f (x)
2

f ( x )
5. (ln |x|) = --1- . 1
- , |x| 0, a > 0, a 1.
6. (loga |x|) = ------------- 14. (arcctg f(x)) = -----------------------
1 + f (x)
2
-.
x x ln a
7. (sin x) = cos x. 8. (cos x) = sin x. :
1 56. ) y = |2x 1|; ) y = 2 |3 4x|.
- , x --- + n, n Z.
9. (tg x) = --------------
cos x 2 2 57. ) y = |3x + 2| + |2x 3|; ) y = |x + 7| 2|x 2|.
1
- , x n, n Z.
10. (ctg x) = -------------- 58. y = 2|x 1| 3|x + 2| + x.
2
sin x 59. y = |x 2| + |x a|.

8 9
x + 1 x < 2, D = p2 4q l 0,
60. y = a x = 2,
5 x x > 2. x1, 2 = -------------------------------------
p p 2 4q
; D = 0,
2
a, -
x = 2. : x1, 2 = --p- ; D < 0,
2
61. .
y = |x a| [1; 2] (a 1; a 2).
ax2 + 2bx + c = 0 D l 0
:
x1,2 = --------------------------------
b b 2 ac
-,
62. ) |4x |x 1| + 7| = 16; ) |3x + |x 2| + 8| = 15; a
) |2x + |x + 1| 6| = 12; ) |x |x + 2| + 5| = 13.
63. ) |x 2| + |3 x| = 1; ) |4x 3| + |5 4x| = 2; x2 + 2px + q = 0 x1, 2 = p p2 q .
) |1 2x| + |4 2x| = 3; ) |3x 4| + |8 3x| = 4. y = ax2 + bx + c -
b 4ac b 2
: ------
- ; ---------------------- .
2a 4a
64. ) |9 2x| |2 3x| l 1; ) |7 4x| |1 3x| m 1;
) |8 3x| |1 5x| l 1; ) |2 4x| |3 2x| m 1. p p 2 4q
x1 = ------------------------------------- x2 = -------------------------------------
p + p 2 4q
-
65. ) |x + 2| > ||2x 1| 6| 1; ) 4||x 1| 5| |x + 1| m 1; 2 2
) 1 + 3||x + 2| 4| m 2|x 3|; ) |x 2| |4 3|x + 1|| l 1.
x2 + px + q = 0 (1)
, = p2 4q >
2. . > 0. :

1. (1) p > 0, q > 0,
ax2 + bx + c = 0 (a 0) . x1 < x2 < 0.
D = b2 4ac - 2. (1) p < 0, q > 0,
. D l 0, - 0 < x1 < x2.
: 3. (1) p > 0, q < 0,
x1, 2 = --------------------------------------
b b 2 4ac
-. x1 < 0 < x2.
2a
4. (1) p < 0, q < 0,
b x1 < 0 < x2.
D = 0, : x1, 2 = ------
- ; D < 0,
2a
5. (1) p > 0, q = 0,
. x1 < x2 = 0.
-
6. (1) p < 0, q = 0,

0 = x1 < x2.
x1 + x2 = --b- , x1x2 = --c- .
a a 7. (1) p = 0, q < 0,
x1 < 0 < x2.
x2 + px + q = 0 .
. 1. :
, - ) x2 7x + 12 = 0; ) x2 + 4x + 5 = 0;
, : ) 6x2 5x + 1 = 0; ) 3x2 + 10x + 3 = 0;
x1 + x2 = p, x1x2 = q. ) x2 2x 5 = 0; ) 2x2 + x 8 = 0.

10 11
x + 1 x < 2, D = p2 4q l 0,
60. y = a x = 2,
5 x x > 2. x1, 2 = -------------------------------------
p p 2 4q
; D = 0,
2
a, -
x = 2. : x1, 2 = --p- ; D < 0,
2
61. .
y = |x a| [1; 2] (a 1; a 2).
ax2 + 2bx + c = 0 D l 0
:
x1,2 = --------------------------------
b b 2 ac
-,
62. ) |4x |x 1| + 7| = 16; ) |3x + |x 2| + 8| = 15; a
) |2x + |x + 1| 6| = 12; ) |x |x + 2| + 5| = 13.
63. ) |x 2| + |3 x| = 1; ) |4x 3| + |5 4x| = 2; x2 + 2px + q = 0 x1, 2 = p p2 q .
) |1 2x| + |4 2x| = 3; ) |3x 4| + |8 3x| = 4. y = ax2 + bx + c -
b 4ac b 2
: ------
- ; ---------------------- .
2a 4a
64. ) |9 2x| |2 3x| l 1; ) |7 4x| |1 3x| m 1;
) |8 3x| |1 5x| l 1; ) |2 4x| |3 2x| m 1. p p 2 4q
x1 = ------------------------------------- x2 = -------------------------------------
p + p 2 4q
-
65. ) |x + 2| > ||2x 1| 6| 1; ) 4||x 1| 5| |x + 1| m 1; 2 2
) 1 + 3||x + 2| 4| m 2|x 3|; ) |x 2| |4 3|x + 1|| l 1.
x2 + px + q = 0 (1)
, = p2 4q >
2. . > 0. :

1. (1) p > 0, q > 0,
ax2 + bx + c = 0 (a 0) . x1 < x2 < 0.
D = b2 4ac - 2. (1) p < 0, q > 0,
. D l 0, - 0 < x1 < x2.
: 3. (1) p > 0, q < 0,
x1, 2 = --------------------------------------
b b 2 4ac
-. x1 < 0 < x2.
2a
4. (1) p < 0, q < 0,
b x1 < 0 < x2.
D = 0, : x1, 2 = ------
- ; D < 0,
2a
5. (1) p > 0, q = 0,
. x1 < x2 = 0.
-
6. (1) p < 0, q = 0,

0 = x1 < x2.
x1 + x2 = --b- , x1x2 = --c- .
a a 7. (1) p = 0, q < 0,
x1 < 0 < x2.
x2 + px + q = 0 .
. 1. :
, - ) x2 7x + 12 = 0; ) x2 + 4x + 5 = 0;
, : ) 6x2 5x + 1 = 0; ) 3x2 + 10x + 3 = 0;
x1 + x2 = p, x1x2 = q. ) x2 2x 5 = 0; ) 2x2 + x 8 = 0.

10 11
2. : 14. x1 x2 x2 + 2(k 3)x + 9 = 0
) x2 3x 4 > 0; ) x2 3x 4 m 0; (x1 x2). k
) x2 + 4x + 4 > 0; ) 4x2 + 4x + 1 m 0; 6 < x1 < 1 6 < x2 < 1?
) 2x2 x + 5 > 0; ) x2 x + 1 < 0. 15. k, -
3. : (k 5)x2 2kx + k 4 = 0 1, 2.
2x2 5x + 2 = 0, x2 2x 3 = 0, 16. m mx2 9mx + 5m +
a) ) + 1 > 0 x R?
x 2 < 0; x + 4 l 0;
17. m,
x2 9 l 0, x2 6x + 5 l 0, 1 m x m 2 x2 mx +
) )
x 4 < 0; x2 25 m 0; + 1 < 0.
x2 + 6x + 9 m 0, x2 + x + 8 < 0, :
) )
2x 5 > 0; x2 + 6x + 5 = 0; 18. ) x2 |x| 2 = 0; ) x2 + 5|x| + 4 = 0.
2
19. ) 2x |5x 2| = 0; ) x2 |x 1| = 0.
|x 2| + |x 3| = 1,
) 2 2
20. ) |x + x 6| = x + x 6; ) |6x2 5x + 1| = 5x 6x2 1;
813x 974 m 163x2.
2 2
) |x + x| = x + x; ) |x2 x + 5| = x x2 5.
4. x1 x2 x2 + x 7 = 0.
2
21. ) |x 1| = x + 3; ) |x2 1| = |x + 3|.
2 2 3 3 4 4
, : ) x 1 + x 2 ; ) x 1 + x 2 ; ) x 1 + x 2 . 22. ) |2x2 1| = x2 2x 3; ) |2x2 1| = |x2 2x 3|.
5. ax2 + bx + c = 0. , x1, x2, 23. |x2 3|x| + 2| = x2 2x.
x3 - :
, a = b = c = 0. 24. ) x2 |x| 12 < 0; ) x2 + 2|x| 15 l 0;
6. a ) x 7|x| + 10 m 0;
2 ) 8x2 + |x| + 1 > 0;
(a2 3a + 2)x2 (a2 5a + 4)x + a a2 = 0 ) 4x2 + 2|x| + 0,25 < 0.
25. a) 3x2 |10x 3| > 0; ) x2 m |x 2|.
?
26. ) |x2 + x 20| m x2 + x 20; ) |x 2x2| > 2x2 x;
7. x2 + x + q = 0, p Z, q Z, -
) |x2 + 6x + 8| m x2 6x 8.
. , .
27. ) |x2 6| > 4x + 1; ) |x 3| > |x2 3|.
8. , x2 + (2m + 1)x + 2n + 1 = 0
28. ) |2x2 x 10| > |x2 8x 22|;
, m Z, n Z.
) |x2 5|x| + 4| l |2x2 3|x| + 1|.
9. a 2x2 (a3 + 8a
29. :
1)x + a2 4a = 0 ?
10. a, x2 ax + ) y = x 2 ; ) y = x 1 x 2 ; ) y = x 2 4x + 3 ; ) y =
+ 1 = 0 . 1 1
- ; ) y =
= ----------------------- 16 x 2 + x 2 + x ; ) y = x 2 x + -------------------
-.
11. k x2 + 2(k 1)x + k + 5 = x 2 + 4x 9 x2
= 0 ? 30. , f(x) = ax2 + bx + c (a 0) -
12. m, - .
2x2 + mx + m2 5 = 0: ) 1; ) 1. 31. a f(x) = x2 + (a 1)x + 2
13. k, - (1; 2)?
x2 (k + 1)x + k2 + k 8 = 0 2, 32. , f(x) = x2 6x + 1
2. : ) (; 3); ) (5; 7).

12 13
2. : 14. x1 x2 x2 + 2(k 3)x + 9 = 0
) x2 3x 4 > 0; ) x2 3x 4 m 0; (x1 x2). k
) x2 + 4x + 4 > 0; ) 4x2 + 4x + 1 m 0; 6 < x1 < 1 6 < x2 < 1?
) 2x2 x + 5 > 0; ) x2 x + 1 < 0. 15. k, -
3. : (k 5)x2 2kx + k 4 = 0 1, 2.
2x2 5x + 2 = 0, x2 2x 3 = 0, 16. m mx2 9mx + 5m +
a) ) + 1 > 0 x R?
x 2 < 0; x + 4 l 0;
17. m,
x2 9 l 0, x2 6x + 5 l 0, 1 m x m 2 x2 mx +
) )
x 4 < 0; x2 25 m 0; + 1 < 0.
x2 + 6x + 9 m 0, x2 + x + 8 < 0, :
) )
2x 5 > 0; x2 + 6x + 5 = 0; 18. ) x2 |x| 2 = 0; ) x2 + 5|x| + 4 = 0.
2
19. ) 2x |5x 2| = 0; ) x2 |x 1| = 0.
|x 2| + |x 3| = 1,
) 2 2
20. ) |x + x 6| = x + x 6; ) |6x2 5x + 1| = 5x 6x2 1;
813x 974 m 163x2.
2 2
) |x + x| = x + x; ) |x2 x + 5| = x x2 5.
4. x1 x2 x2 + x 7 = 0.
2
21. ) |x 1| = x + 3; ) |x2 1| = |x + 3|.
2 2 3 3 4 4
, : ) x 1 + x 2 ; ) x 1 + x 2 ; ) x 1 + x 2 . 22. ) |2x2 1| = x2 2x 3; ) |2x2 1| = |x2 2x 3|.
5. ax2 + bx + c = 0. , x1, x2, 23. |x2 3|x| + 2| = x2 2x.
x3 - :
, a = b = c = 0. 24. ) x2 |x| 12 < 0; ) x2 + 2|x| 15 l 0;
6. a ) x 7|x| + 10 m 0;
2 ) 8x2 + |x| + 1 > 0;
(a2 3a + 2)x2 (a2 5a + 4)x + a a2 = 0 ) 4x2 + 2|x| + 0,25 < 0.
25. a) 3x2 |10x 3| > 0; ) x2 m |x 2|.
?
26. ) |x2 + x 20| m x2 + x 20; ) |x 2x2| > 2x2 x;
7. x2 + x + q = 0, p Z, q Z, -
) |x2 + 6x + 8| m x2 6x 8.
. , .
27. ) |x2 6| > 4x + 1; ) |x 3| > |x2 3|.
8. , x2 + (2m + 1)x + 2n + 1 = 0
28. ) |2x2 x 10| > |x2 8x 22|;
, m Z, n Z.
) |x2 5|x| + 4| l |2x2 3|x| + 1|.
9. a 2x2 (a3 + 8a
29. :
1)x + a2 4a = 0 ?
10. a, x2 ax + ) y = x 2 ; ) y = x 1 x 2 ; ) y = x 2 4x + 3 ; ) y =
+ 1 = 0 . 1 1
- ; ) y =
= ----------------------- 16 x 2 + x 2 + x ; ) y = x 2 x + -------------------
-.
11. k x2 + 2(k 1)x + k + 5 = x 2 + 4x 9 x2
= 0 ? 30. , f(x) = ax2 + bx + c (a 0) -
12. m, - .
2x2 + mx + m2 5 = 0: ) 1; ) 1. 31. a f(x) = x2 + (a 1)x + 2
13. k, - (1; 2)?
x2 (k + 1)x + k2 + k 8 = 0 2, 32. , f(x) = x2 6x + 1
2. : ) (; 3); ) (5; 7).

12 13
: 47. y = x2 x1 = a,
33. ) y = x2; ) y = (x 2)2; x2 = 3a, a 0. . -
) y = 2(x 2) ;2 ) y = 2(x 2)2 1.
34. ) y = x ;2 ) y = (x + 1)2; ?
) y = 0,5(x + 1) ; 2 ) y = 2 0,5(x + 1)2. 48.
2
35. ) y = x + 5x + 6; ) y = 4x2 + 4x + 1; y = 2x2 + 16x 31, .
2
) y = x + x + 1. 49.
36. ) y = 3x x2 2; ) y = 2x x2 1; y = 2x2 + 8x, .
50. k y =
) y = x x2 1.
= 4x x2 M(1; 3):
37. ) y = x2 4|x| + 3; ) y = x2 + 4|x| + 3;
a) y = x2 6x + k;
) y = 2 |x| x2.
) y = x2 6x + k ?
38. ) y = |x2 + x|; ) y = |x2 2x|.
2
39. ) y = |x 3|x| + 2|; ) y = |x2 |x| 6|. :
40. ) y = |x|(x 2); ) y = (3 x)|x + 1|. 51. ) y = x2 6x + 1; ) y = x2 + 4x 3;
41. y = |x2 4| |x2 9|. ) y = 1
--- x2 + 5x; ) y = 1 1
--- x2 + 2,5x --- .
2 4 3
42. :
52. ) y = x2 |x|; ) y = 2x2
+ |x + 3|.
a) y = x2 6x + 15; ) y = x2 x + 5;
53. a) y = |x2 6x + 5|; ) y = |4x + x2|;
) y = 3x2 + x + sin 1; ) y = 4x2 (tg 2)x + ; ) y = |x2 + 2x + 6|.
) y = 1
--- x2 x 3 + 2 2 ; ) y = 1
--- x2 + x + arctg 4; 54. a) y = |x2 4| + |x + 3|; ) y = |x2 1| + |x2 3|.
2 3
55. a) y = x|2 x|; ) y = (x 5) |x 1|;
) y = (5x + 1)2; ) y = (0,5x 4)2; ) y = (x 2) |x 2|.
2
) y = ax + |a|; ) y = (a 1)x2 ax. 56. -
43. x0 :
: ) y = x2 3x + 1; ) y = x2 4x + 8;
) y = x2 5x + 6, x0 = 1; ) y = x2 + 3x, x0 = 2; 2
) y = 0,5x |x|; ) y = |0,5x 2 |x||.
57. -
) y = 1
--- x2 x, x0 = 1; ) y = 1
--- x2 + x, x0 = 0. :
2 2
44. x0 - ) y = 1
--- x2 x 2; ) y = 2x2 + 8x 3;
3
:
2
) y = |x 4| x2; ) y = ||x 4| x2|.
) y = 2x2 + x, x0 = 2; ) y = x2 + 2x, x0 = 3; ) y = x
------ + x 3 ,
2 :
x0 = 0; ) y = 2x x2, x0 = 1,5; ) y = 3x + 4x2, x0 = 2. 58. ) y = x2; ) y = x2; ) y = (x 1)2;
45. M (x0; y0) - ) y = (2 + x) ; ) y = x + 2x + 100; ) y = 4x2 + x 5.
2 2

: 59. ) y = x|x|; ) y = |2x + 3|2; ) y = (x 2)|x + 1|.


) y = 3x2 6x + 1, M(0; 1); ) y = 0,5x2 4x + 3, M(1; 6,5); 2
60. ) y = x 3|x| + 2; ) y = x2 + 3|x| + 2;
) y = x2 4x + 8, M(2; 4). ) y = x2 |x 1| + 3.
46. a y = ax2 + 61. ) y = |x2 6|x| + 8|; ) y = |x2 |x 2| 14|.
+ x 3 M(1; a 2) y = 2x 1? 2 2
62. ) y = |x 1| |x 4|; ) y = |x2 4| + |x2 25|.

14 15
: 47. y = x2 x1 = a,
33. ) y = x2; ) y = (x 2)2; x2 = 3a, a 0. . -
) y = 2(x 2) ;2 ) y = 2(x 2)2 1.
34. ) y = x ;2 ) y = (x + 1)2; ?
) y = 0,5(x + 1) ; 2 ) y = 2 0,5(x + 1)2. 48.
2
35. ) y = x + 5x + 6; ) y = 4x2 + 4x + 1; y = 2x2 + 16x 31, .
2
) y = x + x + 1. 49.
36. ) y = 3x x2 2; ) y = 2x x2 1; y = 2x2 + 8x, .
50. k y =
) y = x x2 1.
= 4x x2 M(1; 3):
37. ) y = x2 4|x| + 3; ) y = x2 + 4|x| + 3;
a) y = x2 6x + k;
) y = 2 |x| x2.
) y = x2 6x + k ?
38. ) y = |x2 + x|; ) y = |x2 2x|.
2
39. ) y = |x 3|x| + 2|; ) y = |x2 |x| 6|. :
40. ) y = |x|(x 2); ) y = (3 x)|x + 1|. 51. ) y = x2 6x + 1; ) y = x2 + 4x 3;
41. y = |x2 4| |x2 9|. ) y = 1
--- x2 + 5x; ) y = 1 1
--- x2 + 2,5x --- .
2 4 3
42. :
52. ) y = x2 |x|; ) y = 2x2
+ |x + 3|.
a) y = x2 6x + 15; ) y = x2 x + 5;
53. a) y = |x2 6x + 5|; ) y = |4x + x2|;
) y = 3x2 + x + sin 1; ) y = 4x2 (tg 2)x + ; ) y = |x2 + 2x + 6|.
) y = 1
--- x2 x 3 + 2 2 ; ) y = 1
--- x2 + x + arctg 4; 54. a) y = |x2 4| + |x + 3|; ) y = |x2 1| + |x2 3|.
2 3
55. a) y = x|2 x|; ) y = (x 5) |x 1|;
) y = (5x + 1)2; ) y = (0,5x 4)2; ) y = (x 2) |x 2|.
2
) y = ax + |a|; ) y = (a 1)x2 ax. 56. -
43. x0 :
: ) y = x2 3x + 1; ) y = x2 4x + 8;
) y = x2 5x + 6, x0 = 1; ) y = x2 + 3x, x0 = 2; 2
) y = 0,5x |x|; ) y = |0,5x 2 |x||.
57. -
) y = 1
--- x2 x, x0 = 1; ) y = 1
--- x2 + x, x0 = 0. :
2 2
44. x0 - ) y = 1
--- x2 x 2; ) y = 2x2 + 8x 3;
3
:
2
) y = |x 4| x2; ) y = ||x 4| x2|.
) y = 2x2 + x, x0 = 2; ) y = x2 + 2x, x0 = 3; ) y = x
------ + x 3 ,
2 :
x0 = 0; ) y = 2x x2, x0 = 1,5; ) y = 3x + 4x2, x0 = 2. 58. ) y = x2; ) y = x2; ) y = (x 1)2;
45. M (x0; y0) - ) y = (2 + x) ; ) y = x + 2x + 100; ) y = 4x2 + x 5.
2 2

: 59. ) y = x|x|; ) y = |2x + 3|2; ) y = (x 2)|x + 1|.


) y = 3x2 6x + 1, M(0; 1); ) y = 0,5x2 4x + 3, M(1; 6,5); 2
60. ) y = x 3|x| + 2; ) y = x2 + 3|x| + 2;
) y = x2 4x + 8, M(2; 4). ) y = x2 |x 1| + 3.
46. a y = ax2 + 61. ) y = |x2 6|x| + 8|; ) y = |x2 |x 2| 14|.
+ x 3 M(1; a 2) y = 2x 1? 2 2
62. ) y = |x 1| |x 4|; ) y = |x2 4| + |x2 25|.

14 15
71. , :
: ) x2 + (2a 1)x + a2 + 2 = 0
63. ) y = 3x2 x + 5 [1; 2]; 2 ;
) y = 4x2 + 5x 8 [2; 3]; ) px2 (p + 3)x + 3 = 0 1,5;
) y = x2 2x + 5 [1; 2]; ) x2 + bx + b + 2 = 0 2;
) y = x2 + 6x 1 [0; 4]. ) x2 (3c + 2)x + c2 = 0 9
64. ) y = x2 + |x + 2| [3; 1]; .
) y = (x 3) |2 x| [1; 4]; 72. , :
) y = |x2 4|x|| [1; 3]. ) 2x2 ( a 2 1 )x + a = 0 -
65. x1 x2 (x1 x2) f(x) = ax2 + bx + ;
+ c. , x0 (x1; x2), - ) 3x2 + c 2 3c + 2x + 3c = 0 ,
f(x) . ;
66. f(x) = ax2 + bx + c [x1; x2],
) 0,5x2 + p 2 5p + 6x + 2p = 0 -
f(x1) = f(x2) = A, x1 x2. ,
;
x0 (x1; x2), f(x)
. ) x2 + q 2 5q + 4x q + 2 = 0 -
67. f(x) = ax2 + bx + c (a 0) [x1; x2]. .
73. , -
x0 (x1; x2) , f(x2)
x, -
f(x1) = f(x0) (x2 x1). x0. , , x0. , :
68. : ) (a 3)x2 (a + 1)x + a + 1 > 0, x0 = 2;
) |x2 3|x 1|| < x + 2; ) |x2 + 2|x 3|| l 4x + 5;
) (2 b)x2 (b + 2)x b 2 > 0, x0 = 2;
) x + |x 2|2x + 1|| < 0,25; ) 2x |0,52 |1 6x|| m 3.
2

69. x1 x2 , ) (2c 1)x2 2(c + 2)x + 2c + 4 > 0, x0 = 2;


. - ) 3(1 d)x2 (3d + 1)x 3d 1 > 0, x0 = 2.
, : 74. a 2x2 (a + 1)x +
2 2 + (a 1) = 0 ?
) x2 + 5x + c = 0, x 1 + x 2 = 13;
75. a (2 x)(x + 1) = a
1 1 1 ?
) x2 + x + a = 0, -----
- + ------ = --- ;
x1 x2 2
2 2
) x2 + px 5 = 0, x 1 + x 2 = 11;
3.
1 1
) x2 + bx 1 = 0, -----
- + ------ = 4.
x1 x2
:
70. ,
: 1. ) --1- = 5; 2
) ------------ 4 1
- = 0; ) ------------- = a; ) ---------------- = a.
x x1 x+2 2x
) x2 2ax + 8a 15 = 0, (1; +); 3 2 2 x+1
- = --- ; ) ------------- + x = ------------- ;
2. ) ------------
) x2 + 2bx + 6b 8 = 0, (; 1); x1 x x1 x1
) x2 2cx + 5c 4 = 0, (0; +); x2 + 3 1 1 2
) ---------------
- = 2; ) ------------- + ------------- = ------------------------------------ .
) x2 + 2dx + 7d 12 = 0, (; 0). x+3 xa x1 (x a)(x 1)

16 17
71. , :
: ) x2 + (2a 1)x + a2 + 2 = 0
63. ) y = 3x2 x + 5 [1; 2]; 2 ;
) y = 4x2 + 5x 8 [2; 3]; ) px2 (p + 3)x + 3 = 0 1,5;
) y = x2 2x + 5 [1; 2]; ) x2 + bx + b + 2 = 0 2;
) y = x2 + 6x 1 [0; 4]. ) x2 (3c + 2)x + c2 = 0 9
64. ) y = x2 + |x + 2| [3; 1]; .
) y = (x 3) |2 x| [1; 4]; 72. , :
) y = |x2 4|x|| [1; 3]. ) 2x2 ( a 2 1 )x + a = 0 -
65. x1 x2 (x1 x2) f(x) = ax2 + bx + ;
+ c. , x0 (x1; x2), - ) 3x2 + c 2 3c + 2x + 3c = 0 ,
f(x) . ;
66. f(x) = ax2 + bx + c [x1; x2],
) 0,5x2 + p 2 5p + 6x + 2p = 0 -
f(x1) = f(x2) = A, x1 x2. ,
;
x0 (x1; x2), f(x)
. ) x2 + q 2 5q + 4x q + 2 = 0 -
67. f(x) = ax2 + bx + c (a 0) [x1; x2]. .
73. , -
x0 (x1; x2) , f(x2)
x, -
f(x1) = f(x0) (x2 x1). x0. , , x0. , :
68. : ) (a 3)x2 (a + 1)x + a + 1 > 0, x0 = 2;
) |x2 3|x 1|| < x + 2; ) |x2 + 2|x 3|| l 4x + 5;
) (2 b)x2 (b + 2)x b 2 > 0, x0 = 2;
) x + |x 2|2x + 1|| < 0,25; ) 2x |0,52 |1 6x|| m 3.
2

69. x1 x2 , ) (2c 1)x2 2(c + 2)x + 2c + 4 > 0, x0 = 2;


. - ) 3(1 d)x2 (3d + 1)x 3d 1 > 0, x0 = 2.
, : 74. a 2x2 (a + 1)x +
2 2 + (a 1) = 0 ?
) x2 + 5x + c = 0, x 1 + x 2 = 13;
75. a (2 x)(x + 1) = a
1 1 1 ?
) x2 + x + a = 0, -----
- + ------ = --- ;
x1 x2 2
2 2
) x2 + px 5 = 0, x 1 + x 2 = 11;
3.
1 1
) x2 + bx 1 = 0, -----
- + ------ = 4.
x1 x2
:
70. ,
: 1. ) --1- = 5; 2
) ------------ 4 1
- = 0; ) ------------- = a; ) ---------------- = a.
x x1 x+2 2x
) x2 2ax + 8a 15 = 0, (1; +); 3 2 2 x+1
- = --- ; ) ------------- + x = ------------- ;
2. ) ------------
) x2 + 2bx + 6b 8 = 0, (; 1); x1 x x1 x1
) x2 2cx + 5c 4 = 0, (0; +); x2 + 3 1 1 2
) ---------------
- = 2; ) ------------- + ------------- = ------------------------------------ .
) x2 + 2dx + 7d 12 = 0, (; 0). x+3 xa x1 (x a)(x 1)

16 17
: 17. :
3. a) --1- > 1; ) --1- m 1; 1
) ------------
- > 1; ) y = --3- , x0 = 1; 1
) y = -----
- , x0 = 2;
x x x2 x x
1 a a 1 x3
- m2;
) ------------ ) ------------
- > 1; - l 1.
) ------------ ) y = 2x
----------------- , x0 = 0; ) y = ---------------
- , x0 = 1.
x+3 x1 x+1 x1 x+1
1 1 1 1 18. x0 Ox
4. a) ------------
- ------------- > 0; - m ----------------- .
) ----------------
x1 x+3 2x 3 2x + 5 :
x 2 5x + 4 x+3 2
5. - l 0;
a) ----------------------------- ) ------------------------------------
- < 0.
1
) y = ------------
- , x0 = 2; ) y = x
------------- , x0 = 0;
x4 3x + 10x + 3
2 1x x+3
2x x1
2
- m 1;
6. ) --------------- 2
) --------------- 3 ;
- > ----------------
- ) y = 1
----------------- , x0 = 3; ) y = ---------------
- , x0 = 2;
x+2 x2 2x 1 x x+3
3x
x2 4x + 4 x2 1 2(x + 1)
- + ---------------- 12 < 0; ) x 2 1 --- < ---------------------- .
) -----------------------------
1
) y = --1- ------------
- , x0 = 2; ) y = 2 1
----------------- + ------ , x0 = 1.
x 2 6x + 9 x3 a 3a x 1x 2x + 1 x

: 19. P(x0; y0) -


:
7. ) y = --2- ; ) y = --1- ; 1
) y = ------------
-;
1
) y = ------------
-.
x x 2+x 1x ) y = --3- , P(3; 1); 1
) y = ------------
- , P(1; 1);
1 1 x x2
8. a) y = ---------------
-; ) y = -------------------
-.
x3 2x + 1 x3 3 x2 1 1
- , P 0; --- ; ) y = ----------------- ---------------- , P 1; --- .
) y = ---------------
x+2 2 2x + 1 x3 6
9. ) y = 2 + --1- ; ) y =1 --2- ;
x x 1
20. y = x
------------- M, -
1 1 1 x+1
) y = ------------
- --- ; ) y = 3 ------------
-.
x+1 2 x2 : ) y = 2x + 1;
+1 1
10. ) y = x
------------- ; ) y = x
------------- ; ) y = 1
--- x 3.
x1 x+1 8
2 +2 21. , ,
) y = 2x
----------------- ; ) y = x
------------- .
x+3 3x 4
y= x
------------- , -
1 2 x2
11. ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = -------------------------
-.
2 x x1 1 .
x4 1x 22.
12. ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = ---------------
-.
x+2 x+3 +9
y= x
------------- , .
x1 x 2 x+5
13. ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = -------------------------
-.
x 1 x+3 1 +b
23. , y = ax
----------------
x1 x+1 1 x2 9 2 cx + d
14. ) y = ---------------
- + ---------------- --- ; ) y = ---------------- x + ------------- .
x1 x+1 x x+3 x1
(x1; x2) ad bc, c 0, x = d
---
: c
(x1; x2).
15. ) y = --1- ; ) y = --2- ; 1
) y = ---------------------
-;
1
) y = ------------
-.
x x 2(x + 1) 1x 24. :
3
2
16. ) y = 1 ------------
-;
1
) y = 3 + ----------------
-; ) y = x
------------- [0; 2];
x+2 2x 1 x+1
3 x4 +1
) y = 2x
----------------- ; ) y = ----------------
-. ) y = 2x
----------------- [1; 1].
x+1 1 3x x2

18 19
: 17. :
3. a) --1- > 1; ) --1- m 1; 1
) ------------
- > 1; ) y = --3- , x0 = 1; 1
) y = -----
- , x0 = 2;
x x x2 x x
1 a a 1 x3
- m2;
) ------------ ) ------------
- > 1; - l 1.
) ------------ ) y = 2x
----------------- , x0 = 0; ) y = ---------------
- , x0 = 1.
x+3 x1 x+1 x1 x+1
1 1 1 1 18. x0 Ox
4. a) ------------
- ------------- > 0; - m ----------------- .
) ----------------
x1 x+3 2x 3 2x + 5 :
x 2 5x + 4 x+3 2
5. - l 0;
a) ----------------------------- ) ------------------------------------
- < 0.
1
) y = ------------
- , x0 = 2; ) y = x
------------- , x0 = 0;
x4 3x + 10x + 3
2 1x x+3
2x x1
2
- m 1;
6. ) --------------- 2
) --------------- 3 ;
- > ----------------
- ) y = 1
----------------- , x0 = 3; ) y = ---------------
- , x0 = 2;
x+2 x2 2x 1 x x+3
3x
x2 4x + 4 x2 1 2(x + 1)
- + ---------------- 12 < 0; ) x 2 1 --- < ---------------------- .
) -----------------------------
1
) y = --1- ------------
- , x0 = 2; ) y = 2 1
----------------- + ------ , x0 = 1.
x 2 6x + 9 x3 a 3a x 1x 2x + 1 x

: 19. P(x0; y0) -


:
7. ) y = --2- ; ) y = --1- ; 1
) y = ------------
-;
1
) y = ------------
-.
x x 2+x 1x ) y = --3- , P(3; 1); 1
) y = ------------
- , P(1; 1);
1 1 x x2
8. a) y = ---------------
-; ) y = -------------------
-.
x3 2x + 1 x3 3 x2 1 1
- , P 0; --- ; ) y = ----------------- ---------------- , P 1; --- .
) y = ---------------
x+2 2 2x + 1 x3 6
9. ) y = 2 + --1- ; ) y =1 --2- ;
x x 1
20. y = x
------------- M, -
1 1 1 x+1
) y = ------------
- --- ; ) y = 3 ------------
-.
x+1 2 x2 : ) y = 2x + 1;
+1 1
10. ) y = x
------------- ; ) y = x
------------- ; ) y = 1
--- x 3.
x1 x+1 8
2 +2 21. , ,
) y = 2x
----------------- ; ) y = x
------------- .
x+3 3x 4
y= x
------------- , -
1 2 x2
11. ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = -------------------------
-.
2 x x1 1 .
x4 1x 22.
12. ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = ---------------
-.
x+2 x+3 +9
y= x
------------- , .
x1 x 2 x+5
13. ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = -------------------------
-.
x 1 x+3 1 +b
23. , y = ax
----------------
x1 x+1 1 x2 9 2 cx + d
14. ) y = ---------------
- + ---------------- --- ; ) y = ---------------- x + ------------- .
x1 x+1 x x+3 x1
(x1; x2) ad bc, c 0, x = d
---
: c
(x1; x2).
15. ) y = --1- ; ) y = --2- ; 1
) y = ---------------------
-;
1
) y = ------------
-.
x x 2(x + 1) 1x 24. :
3
2
16. ) y = 1 ------------
-;
1
) y = 3 + ----------------
-; ) y = x
------------- [0; 2];
x+2 2x 1 x+1
3 x4 +1
) y = 2x
----------------- ; ) y = ----------------
-. ) y = 2x
----------------- [1; 1].
x+1 1 3x x2

18 19
25. y = --k- (k > 0) [x1; x2]. - 4x3 3x2 1 x1
x
x0 (x1; x2) , y(x2) y(x1) = 4x3 4x2 4x2 + x + 1
x2 1
= y(x0)(x2 x1). x0. 2 4x3 3x2 1 = (x 1)(4x2 + x + 1).
x x
x1
x 1

4. . . 0
: x = 1.

() n- anxn + an 1 xn 1 + ... + a1x + a0 = 0, an 0, n l 1 (2)
Pn(x) = an xn + ... + a1x + a0 (an 0)
n- .
x x0
. -
Pn ( x ) R ,
---------------- = Qn 1(x) + ---------------- , (1)
x x0 x x0 .

Qn 1(x) ( (n 1)- ), R - 2. 2x3 + 3x2 x + 2 = 0.


. 1, 2. -
, 2 .
. R Pn(x) 2x3 + 3x2 x + 2 x + 2, -
x x0 Pn(x) x0, . . R = 2x2 2x + 1;

= Pn(x0). (x + 2)(2x2 2x + 1) = 0.
, (1) Pn(x) =
x = 2,
= Qn 1(x)(x x0) + R. 2x2 2x + 1 .
Pn(x0) = Qn 1(x0)(x0 x0) + R, R = Pn(x0). : x = 2.

. x0 ( ) - . -
Pn(x), Pn(x0) = 0. m m
----- , ----- -
k k
. x0 - , m, -
Pn(x), . . Pn(x0) = 0, Pn(x) x x0 - k.
.
Pn(x0) = Qn 1(x0)(x0 x0) + R = 0 R = 0, 3. 3x3 + x2 + x 2 = 0.
1, 2, -
Pn(x) = Qn 1(x)(x x0).
1, 3. , -

1. 4x3 3x2 1 = 0. 1, 2, 1 2
--- , --- . -
3 3
, x = 1
, x = 2
--- .
4x3 3x2 1: 3

20 21
25. y = --k- (k > 0) [x1; x2]. - 4x3 3x2 1 x1
x
x0 (x1; x2) , y(x2) y(x1) = 4x3 4x2 4x2 + x + 1
x2 1
= y(x0)(x2 x1). x0. 2 4x3 3x2 1 = (x 1)(4x2 + x + 1).
x x
x1
x 1

4. . . 0
: x = 1.

() n- anxn + an 1 xn 1 + ... + a1x + a0 = 0, an 0, n l 1 (2)
Pn(x) = an xn + ... + a1x + a0 (an 0)
n- .
x x0
. -
Pn ( x ) R ,
---------------- = Qn 1(x) + ---------------- , (1)
x x0 x x0 .

Qn 1(x) ( (n 1)- ), R - 2. 2x3 + 3x2 x + 2 = 0.


. 1, 2. -
, 2 .
. R Pn(x) 2x3 + 3x2 x + 2 x + 2, -
x x0 Pn(x) x0, . . R = 2x2 2x + 1;

= Pn(x0). (x + 2)(2x2 2x + 1) = 0.
, (1) Pn(x) =
x = 2,
= Qn 1(x)(x x0) + R. 2x2 2x + 1 .
Pn(x0) = Qn 1(x0)(x0 x0) + R, R = Pn(x0). : x = 2.

. x0 ( ) - . -
Pn(x), Pn(x0) = 0. m m
----- , ----- -
k k
. x0 - , m, -
Pn(x), . . Pn(x0) = 0, Pn(x) x x0 - k.
.
Pn(x0) = Qn 1(x0)(x0 x0) + R = 0 R = 0, 3. 3x3 + x2 + x 2 = 0.
1, 2, -
Pn(x) = Qn 1(x)(x x0).
1, 3. , -

1. 4x3 3x2 1 = 0. 1, 2, 1 2
--- , --- . -
3 3
, x = 1
, x = 2
--- .
4x3 3x2 1: 3

20 21
:
x 2
--- , x2 + x + 1,
3 10. a) 2x4 5x2 + 2 = 0; ) x4 2x2 3 = 0.
x 2
4 4 ) (2x 3)4 + (2x 5)4 = 2.
--- (x2 + x + 1) = 0 . 11. ) (x 1) + (x + 1) = 16;
3 2 2 2
12. a) (x + 2x) 7(x + 2x) + 6 = 0;
x = 2
--- . 1
) ----------------------------- 3
- + -----------------------------
10
- = -----------------------------
-.
3
2x x + 1
2 2x x + 3
2 2x x + 7
2

: x = 2
--- . 13. a) (x a)x(x + a)(x + 2a) = 3a4;
3
1. : ) (6x + 5)2(3x + 2)(x + 1) = 35.
) (x 1) (x2 + 4x + 3) = 0; ) (2x + 3)(x2 x + 1) = 0; 14. 4
a) x2 + ----- 2
- 8 x --- 4 = 0;
3 3
) x + 27 = 0; ) 8x 1 = 0; ) x3 1 + x2 1 = 0; x2 x

) x + 8 + x 4 = 0; ) x + 1 + x + 1 = 0; ) x3 8 + x 2 = 0;
3 2 3 ) 4x4 + 6x3 10x2 9x + 9 = 0;
) x3 + x2 + x + 1 = 0; ) x3 x2 + x 1= 0. x + 1 )5
) (-------------------- 81
) (x2 6x 9)2 = x3 4x2 9x.
- = ------ ;
x +1
5 11
2. + x3 ax2
+ bx + c = 0, a, b, c -
, x1. , x1 25x 2
15. ) x2 + --------------------
- = 11; ) (x2 16)(x 3)2 + 9x2 = 0.
c x1 . (x + 5) 2

16. ) x4 + 4x 1 = 0; ) x4 4x3 1 = 0;
3. :
) x4 2x2 400x = 9999.
) x3 + 2x2 x 2 = 0; ) x3 x2 8x + 12 = 0;
3 2
) x 9x + 27x 27 = 0; ) x3 + x2 + x 3 = 0; 17. ) (x3 2x) (x2 + 2)a 2a2x = 0;
3 2
) 6x + 7x 1 = 0; ) 2x3 + x2 + 5x 3 = 0. ) (x2 a)2 6x2 + 4x + 2a = 0.
4. x1, x2, x3 ax3 + bx2 + cx + d = 0, 18. x4 4x3 10x2 + 37x 14 = 0, ,
a 0. , x1 + x2 + x3 = --b- , x1x2 + x2x3 + x3x1 = --c- , -
a a .
x1x2x3 = d
--- .
a
:
5. x3 + px + q = 0.
. 19. ) (x + 2)(x 1)(x 3) > 0;
6. x3 + 3x 3 = 0. ) (x + 2)x(x 1)(x 2) < 0;
7. : ) (x + 4)5(x + 3)6(x + 2)7(x 1)8 m 0;
) (x 1)(x + 3)(x2 x 6) = 0; ) (x + 3)n(x 2) < 0, n N.
) (x2 3x + 2)(x2 + 7x + 10) = 0; ) (x2 x 3) (x2 2x + 2) = 0; 20. ) x3 3x2 10x + 24 > 0; ) x3 + 4x2 + 5x + 2 m 0;
) (x2 x +1)(x2 2x + 3) = 0; ) x4 16 5x(x2 4) = 0; ) 2x3 3x2 + 7x 3 > 0.
) x4 + 11x2 + 10 + 7x(x2 + 1) = 0. 21. ) x4 3x3 + x2 + 3x 2 l 0; ) x4 + 6x3 + 6x2 + 6x + 5 < 0.
8. x4 + ax3 + bx2 + cx + d = 0, a, b, c, d -
, x1. , x1 22. ) 3x4 10x2 + 3 > 0; ) 2x2(x 4)2 < 32 5(x 2)2.
d x1. 23. ) (x2 x)2 + 3(x2 x) + 2 l 0;
9. : ) x(x + 1)(x + 2)(x + 3) < 48.
) x4 + 2x3 16x2 2x + 15 = 0; ) x4 7x3 + 5x2 + 4x + 12 = 0; 24. ) (x + 1)4 > 2(1 + x4); ) x4 x3 10x2 + 2x + 4 < 0.
) x4 + x3 5x 5 = 0; ) x4 + x3 1 = 0; 25. , P(x) = x8 x5 + x2 x + 1
4 3 2
) 6x x + 5x x 1 = 0. x R.

22 23
:
x 2
--- , x2 + x + 1,
3 10. a) 2x4 5x2 + 2 = 0; ) x4 2x2 3 = 0.
x 2
4 4 ) (2x 3)4 + (2x 5)4 = 2.
--- (x2 + x + 1) = 0 . 11. ) (x 1) + (x + 1) = 16;
3 2 2 2
12. a) (x + 2x) 7(x + 2x) + 6 = 0;
x = 2
--- . 1
) ----------------------------- 3
- + -----------------------------
10
- = -----------------------------
-.
3
2x x + 1
2 2x x + 3
2 2x x + 7
2

: x = 2
--- . 13. a) (x a)x(x + a)(x + 2a) = 3a4;
3
1. : ) (6x + 5)2(3x + 2)(x + 1) = 35.
) (x 1) (x2 + 4x + 3) = 0; ) (2x + 3)(x2 x + 1) = 0; 14. 4
a) x2 + ----- 2
- 8 x --- 4 = 0;
3 3
) x + 27 = 0; ) 8x 1 = 0; ) x3 1 + x2 1 = 0; x2 x

) x + 8 + x 4 = 0; ) x + 1 + x + 1 = 0; ) x3 8 + x 2 = 0;
3 2 3 ) 4x4 + 6x3 10x2 9x + 9 = 0;
) x3 + x2 + x + 1 = 0; ) x3 x2 + x 1= 0. x + 1 )5
) (-------------------- 81
) (x2 6x 9)2 = x3 4x2 9x.
- = ------ ;
x +1
5 11
2. + x3 ax2
+ bx + c = 0, a, b, c -
, x1. , x1 25x 2
15. ) x2 + --------------------
- = 11; ) (x2 16)(x 3)2 + 9x2 = 0.
c x1 . (x + 5) 2

16. ) x4 + 4x 1 = 0; ) x4 4x3 1 = 0;
3. :
) x4 2x2 400x = 9999.
) x3 + 2x2 x 2 = 0; ) x3 x2 8x + 12 = 0;
3 2
) x 9x + 27x 27 = 0; ) x3 + x2 + x 3 = 0; 17. ) (x3 2x) (x2 + 2)a 2a2x = 0;
3 2
) 6x + 7x 1 = 0; ) 2x3 + x2 + 5x 3 = 0. ) (x2 a)2 6x2 + 4x + 2a = 0.
4. x1, x2, x3 ax3 + bx2 + cx + d = 0, 18. x4 4x3 10x2 + 37x 14 = 0, ,
a 0. , x1 + x2 + x3 = --b- , x1x2 + x2x3 + x3x1 = --c- , -
a a .
x1x2x3 = d
--- .
a
:
5. x3 + px + q = 0.
. 19. ) (x + 2)(x 1)(x 3) > 0;
6. x3 + 3x 3 = 0. ) (x + 2)x(x 1)(x 2) < 0;
7. : ) (x + 4)5(x + 3)6(x + 2)7(x 1)8 m 0;
) (x 1)(x + 3)(x2 x 6) = 0; ) (x + 3)n(x 2) < 0, n N.
) (x2 3x + 2)(x2 + 7x + 10) = 0; ) (x2 x 3) (x2 2x + 2) = 0; 20. ) x3 3x2 10x + 24 > 0; ) x3 + 4x2 + 5x + 2 m 0;
) (x2 x +1)(x2 2x + 3) = 0; ) x4 16 5x(x2 4) = 0; ) 2x3 3x2 + 7x 3 > 0.
) x4 + 11x2 + 10 + 7x(x2 + 1) = 0. 21. ) x4 3x3 + x2 + 3x 2 l 0; ) x4 + 6x3 + 6x2 + 6x + 5 < 0.
8. x4 + ax3 + bx2 + cx + d = 0, a, b, c, d -
, x1. , x1 22. ) 3x4 10x2 + 3 > 0; ) 2x2(x 4)2 < 32 5(x 2)2.
d x1. 23. ) (x2 x)2 + 3(x2 x) + 2 l 0;
9. : ) x(x + 1)(x + 2)(x + 3) < 48.
) x4 + 2x3 16x2 2x + 15 = 0; ) x4 7x3 + 5x2 + 4x + 12 = 0; 24. ) (x + 1)4 > 2(1 + x4); ) x4 x3 10x2 + 2x + 4 < 0.
) x4 + x3 5x 5 = 0; ) x4 + x3 1 = 0; 25. , P(x) = x8 x5 + x2 x + 1
4 3 2
) 6x x + 5x x 1 = 0. x R.

22 23
26. P(x) = a0xm + a1xm 1 + ... + am x + am 8
1 36. ) y = (2 3x)30; ) y = 6x2 --4- + 1 ;
Q(x) = b0 xn + b1 xn 1 + ... + bn 1 x + bn, m N, n N, Q(x) 0. x
2+1 2
P(x)
- > 0 P(x)Q(x) > 0 -
, ------------ ) y = x - ;
--------------- ) y = (x4 x3 + 5x2 2)8.
Q(x) 2 x 1
. x0
: :
x+4
27. 2
) --1- < ------------ 2 1 1 1 1
- ; ) ------------- < ------------- ; ) ------------- --- m ------------- ------------- ; 37. ) y = (x2 3x + 3)(x2 + 2x 2), x0 = 0;
x x2 x2 x+1 x+1 x x1 x2
2x+1 x 2 3x + 1 ) y = (x3 3x + 2)(x4 + x2 + 1), x0 = 1;
) x 1
-------------------------- + ------------------------------ > 2x ----------------- ;
x1 x3 4x 8 ) y = (x2 1)(x2 4)(x2 9), x0 = 2;
x3 2x 2 + 5x + 2 1 1 1 1 x 5
) ---------------------------------------------- l 1; ) ------------
- + ------------- + ------------- + ------------- > 0. ) y = --------------------
- , x0 = 1;
x + 3x + 2
2 x+5 x7 x5 x+7 (x 2) 2

1 1
28. - m ---------------------------------
) --------------- -; 3
) y = ---------------------------------------------
- , x0 = 0.
x +x
2 2x + 2x + 3
2
( 1 x ) ( 1 2x )
2 3

1 4 4 1 1
) ------------
- ------------- + ------------- ------------- < ------ ; 1 3
x1 x2 x3 x4 30 38. ) y = ------------ - , x0 = 1;
- + ---------------
x+2 2 x +1
17 10x 13 8x 30 5x 4
) 4x
-------------------- + ------------------------ > -------------------- + ----------------- .
x4 2x 3 2x 7 x1 1
) y = (1 + x3) 5 -----
- , x0 = a;
2 x
x2 4x 2
29. ) x2 + --------------------2- < 5
--- ; ) x2 + --------------------2- m 5.
(x + 1) 4 (x 2) ax
- , x0 = a;
) y = ---------------
1+x 2
(x + 1 )4 128 1 1
30. ) ------------------------
- > ---------- ; - l 4 x --- .
) x3 ----- ) y = [(x2 + x + 1)(x2 x + 1)]5, x0 = 0;
x(x + 1)
2 15 x2 x
) y = x(x 1)(x 2) ... (x n), x0 = 0, n N.
x + 6 x 42 x6 x+9 2 2x 2 + 72
31. ------------- ------------- + ------------- ------------- < ----------------------
-.
x6 x+4 x+6 x9 x 2 36 39. P(x0; y0) -
4 :
32. ) |x3 x| m x; - l |x 1|.
) -------------------------
x+1 2
: a) y = 1
--- x3 + x2 x, P(0; 0); ) y = x3 3x3 + 2, P(0; 2);
3
33. ) y = x3 6x2 + 1; ) y = x3 + 1
--- x 2; ) y = (x 2)2(x + 1), P(1; 2); ) y = 2x4 x3 + 1, P(1; 4);
3
) y = (x 4)3(2x + 1), P(2; 40); ) y = x --1- , P(1; 0);
) y = x4 6x + 3; ) y = 1
--- x4 + x3. x
2 1
) y = -----
- + 2, P(1; 3).
4
34. ) y = (x + 2)(x2 x + 5); x
) y = (3 x)(x x2); 40. y = x3 3x + 2 , -
) y = (x2 + x + 2)(x2 + 2x + 3); y = 3x.
) y = x(x 1)(x 2)(x 3).
x 1x x3 x
41. f(x) = 1
--- x3
35. ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = ---------------
-; 3
1+x 2 2+x 2 x+3
3
--- x2 9x + 8 I III
x 4 + 4x (x2 1 ) (x + 3 ) 1 2
) y = --------------------
-; ) y = --------------------------------------- ; ) y = x3 + ------------
-.
(x + 1) 2 x4 1x ?

24 25
26. P(x) = a0xm + a1xm 1 + ... + am x + am 8
1 36. ) y = (2 3x)30; ) y = 6x2 --4- + 1 ;
Q(x) = b0 xn + b1 xn 1 + ... + bn 1 x + bn, m N, n N, Q(x) 0. x
2+1 2
P(x)
- > 0 P(x)Q(x) > 0 -
, ------------ ) y = x - ;
--------------- ) y = (x4 x3 + 5x2 2)8.
Q(x) 2 x 1
. x0
: :
x+4
27. 2
) --1- < ------------ 2 1 1 1 1
- ; ) ------------- < ------------- ; ) ------------- --- m ------------- ------------- ; 37. ) y = (x2 3x + 3)(x2 + 2x 2), x0 = 0;
x x2 x2 x+1 x+1 x x1 x2
2x+1 x 2 3x + 1 ) y = (x3 3x + 2)(x4 + x2 + 1), x0 = 1;
) x 1
-------------------------- + ------------------------------ > 2x ----------------- ;
x1 x3 4x 8 ) y = (x2 1)(x2 4)(x2 9), x0 = 2;
x3 2x 2 + 5x + 2 1 1 1 1 x 5
) ---------------------------------------------- l 1; ) ------------
- + ------------- + ------------- + ------------- > 0. ) y = --------------------
- , x0 = 1;
x + 3x + 2
2 x+5 x7 x5 x+7 (x 2) 2

1 1
28. - m ---------------------------------
) --------------- -; 3
) y = ---------------------------------------------
- , x0 = 0.
x +x
2 2x + 2x + 3
2
( 1 x ) ( 1 2x )
2 3

1 4 4 1 1
) ------------
- ------------- + ------------- ------------- < ------ ; 1 3
x1 x2 x3 x4 30 38. ) y = ------------ - , x0 = 1;
- + ---------------
x+2 2 x +1
17 10x 13 8x 30 5x 4
) 4x
-------------------- + ------------------------ > -------------------- + ----------------- .
x4 2x 3 2x 7 x1 1
) y = (1 + x3) 5 -----
- , x0 = a;
2 x
x2 4x 2
29. ) x2 + --------------------2- < 5
--- ; ) x2 + --------------------2- m 5.
(x + 1) 4 (x 2) ax
- , x0 = a;
) y = ---------------
1+x 2
(x + 1 )4 128 1 1
30. ) ------------------------
- > ---------- ; - l 4 x --- .
) x3 ----- ) y = [(x2 + x + 1)(x2 x + 1)]5, x0 = 0;
x(x + 1)
2 15 x2 x
) y = x(x 1)(x 2) ... (x n), x0 = 0, n N.
x + 6 x 42 x6 x+9 2 2x 2 + 72
31. ------------- ------------- + ------------- ------------- < ----------------------
-.
x6 x+4 x+6 x9 x 2 36 39. P(x0; y0) -
4 :
32. ) |x3 x| m x; - l |x 1|.
) -------------------------
x+1 2
: a) y = 1
--- x3 + x2 x, P(0; 0); ) y = x3 3x3 + 2, P(0; 2);
3
33. ) y = x3 6x2 + 1; ) y = x3 + 1
--- x 2; ) y = (x 2)2(x + 1), P(1; 2); ) y = 2x4 x3 + 1, P(1; 4);
3
) y = (x 4)3(2x + 1), P(2; 40); ) y = x --1- , P(1; 0);
) y = x4 6x + 3; ) y = 1
--- x4 + x3. x
2 1
) y = -----
- + 2, P(1; 3).
4
34. ) y = (x + 2)(x2 x + 5); x
) y = (3 x)(x x2); 40. y = x3 3x + 2 , -
) y = (x2 + x + 2)(x2 + 2x + 3); y = 3x.
) y = x(x 1)(x 2)(x 3).
x 1x x3 x
41. f(x) = 1
--- x3
35. ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = ---------------
-; 3
1+x 2 2+x 2 x+3
3
--- x2 9x + 8 I III
x 4 + 4x (x2 1 ) (x + 3 ) 1 2
) y = --------------------
-; ) y = --------------------------------------- ; ) y = x3 + ------------
-.
(x + 1) 2 x4 1x ?

24 25
42. y = x3 + x 2 51. :
y = 4x + 5? ) y = x3 + 3x2 45x + 1; ) y = x
3
------ 2x2 + 4x 3;
3
43. y = x2(x 2)3 , -
) y = |3x 1| x3; ) y = (x 1)3(x + 2);
y = 24x 1.
2x 1
) y = (x + 3)2(x 4)2; ) y = 2x2 + --4- ; ) y = --------------------
-.
1 x (x 1) 2
44. y = ---------------
- , -
1 + x2 52.
. y = x3 + 3x2 3x + 1.
45. , y = x5 + 8x + 53. -
+ 1 Ox . :
) y = x3 + 9x 3 [1; 0];
:
) y = 6x x3 [2; 1];
46. ) y = 2x3 5
--- x2 + x 3; ) y = (x + 2)3(x 1) [1; 2];
2
) y = x5 5x4 + 5x3 + 4 [1; 2];
) y = x3 3 3 3 x2 + 3 3 9 x 3 3 3 ; 3x 2 + 4x + 4
) y = ---------------------------------
- [2; 1].
) y = 3x3 x2 + 5x + 0,7; ) y = (x + 2)2(3x 1); x +x+1
2

) y = x3 + 3|x|; ) y = |x3| 9x.


:
47. ) y = x4 + 8x2 64x + 1; 54. y = x3 3x2 + 4. 55. y = x(x2 4) 3.
) y = 3x4 + 16x3 + 6x2 72x 3; 2 2
56. y = (x + 2) (x 1) . 57. y = x4 + 2x2 + 8.
) y = x4 + 6x2 + 5; ) y = x4 + 4|x|; ) y = x4 + 8|x3|. 58. y = (x 1)3(x + 1)2. 59. y = x + --1- .
x
x5
48. ) y = ------ 2
--- x3 3(x + 1); x
60. y = ---------------
-.
x
61. y = ---------------
-.
5 3 1 + x2 x2 1
) y = 0,6x5 13x3 + 108x 5; 62. y = x2 + ----- 1
-.
x 3
63. y = ---------------
-.
5 x3 x2 3 x2
) y = x 3 3
------ --- x4 + 3x3 + 5 ------ --- x2 + 4x 7;
5 2 3 2 64. y = --1- + 4x2. 65. y = x + ----- 4
-.
x x2
7
) y = x
------ 7x + ; ) y = x2 + 16
------ . 66. , -
7 x
:
49. :
26 26
) 3 30 + 899 ------ + 3 30 899 ------ ;
) y = 2x3 + 3x2 12x + 15; ) y = x4 + 1
--- x3 2; 27 27
3
10 10
3x + 2
x2 ) 3 50 + 2495 ------ + 3 50 2495 ------ ;
) y = x5 20x3 + 1; ) y = -----------------------------
-. 27 27
2 x + 3x + 2
26 26
50. - ) 3 12 + 143 ------ + 3 12 143 ------ ;
27 27
:
a) y = x3 5x2 + 3x 11; ) y = x3 + 6x2 9x + 5; 26 26
) 3 105 + 11024 ------ + 3 105 11024 ------ ;
27 27
x+2 x+ x2
) y = 0,25x4 + x2 6; ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = 1
-------------------------2- . 3 3
x 1
2 1+x+x ) 20 + 14 2 + 20 14 2 .

26 27
42. y = x3 + x 2 51. :
y = 4x + 5? ) y = x3 + 3x2 45x + 1; ) y = x
3
------ 2x2 + 4x 3;
3
43. y = x2(x 2)3 , -
) y = |3x 1| x3; ) y = (x 1)3(x + 2);
y = 24x 1.
2x 1
) y = (x + 3)2(x 4)2; ) y = 2x2 + --4- ; ) y = --------------------
-.
1 x (x 1) 2
44. y = ---------------
- , -
1 + x2 52.
. y = x3 + 3x2 3x + 1.
45. , y = x5 + 8x + 53. -
+ 1 Ox . :
) y = x3 + 9x 3 [1; 0];
:
) y = 6x x3 [2; 1];
46. ) y = 2x3 5
--- x2 + x 3; ) y = (x + 2)3(x 1) [1; 2];
2
) y = x5 5x4 + 5x3 + 4 [1; 2];
) y = x3 3 3 3 x2 + 3 3 9 x 3 3 3 ; 3x 2 + 4x + 4
) y = ---------------------------------
- [2; 1].
) y = 3x3 x2 + 5x + 0,7; ) y = (x + 2)2(3x 1); x +x+1
2

) y = x3 + 3|x|; ) y = |x3| 9x.


:
47. ) y = x4 + 8x2 64x + 1; 54. y = x3 3x2 + 4. 55. y = x(x2 4) 3.
) y = 3x4 + 16x3 + 6x2 72x 3; 2 2
56. y = (x + 2) (x 1) . 57. y = x4 + 2x2 + 8.
) y = x4 + 6x2 + 5; ) y = x4 + 4|x|; ) y = x4 + 8|x3|. 58. y = (x 1)3(x + 1)2. 59. y = x + --1- .
x
x5
48. ) y = ------ 2
--- x3 3(x + 1); x
60. y = ---------------
-.
x
61. y = ---------------
-.
5 3 1 + x2 x2 1
) y = 0,6x5 13x3 + 108x 5; 62. y = x2 + ----- 1
-.
x 3
63. y = ---------------
-.
5 x3 x2 3 x2
) y = x 3 3
------ --- x4 + 3x3 + 5 ------ --- x2 + 4x 7;
5 2 3 2 64. y = --1- + 4x2. 65. y = x + ----- 4
-.
x x2
7
) y = x
------ 7x + ; ) y = x2 + 16
------ . 66. , -
7 x
:
49. :
26 26
) 3 30 + 899 ------ + 3 30 899 ------ ;
) y = 2x3 + 3x2 12x + 15; ) y = x4 + 1
--- x3 2; 27 27
3
10 10
3x + 2
x2 ) 3 50 + 2495 ------ + 3 50 2495 ------ ;
) y = x5 20x3 + 1; ) y = -----------------------------
-. 27 27
2 x + 3x + 2
26 26
50. - ) 3 12 + 143 ------ + 3 12 143 ------ ;
27 27
:
a) y = x3 5x2 + 3x 11; ) y = x3 + 6x2 9x + 5; 26 26
) 3 105 + 11024 ------ + 3 105 11024 ------ ;
27 27
x+2 x+ x2
) y = 0,25x4 + x2 6; ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = 1
-------------------------2- . 3 3
x 1
2 1+x+x ) 20 + 14 2 + 20 14 2 .

26 27
5. 9. k

: x + ky = 3,
3x y = 0, kx + 4y = 6,
x 2y = 0, 0 x 0 y = 0,
1. ) x + y = 0; ) 2x 4y = 0; ) x > 1, y > 0?
0 x + 0 y = 0;
0 x + y = 0, 0 x + 0 y = 1, 10. a
) )
0 x 0 y = 0; 0 x + 0 y = 2. 2x + y = a2 1,
4x 8y = 3, 3x + 2y = 2a2 + 7a + 5
3x + 2y = 1,
2. ) ) x 2y = 3 ;
x + 5y = 6; ---
4 x y + 3 > 0?
3x + y = 1, y 4x = a, :
) 9x + 3y = 2; )
8x 2y = 1. 4 3
-------------------------- + -------------------------- = 4,75,
3. k : 2x + y 1 x + 2y 3
11.
kx + y = 2, kx + 4y = 4, 3x + (k 1)y = k + 1, 3 2
-------------------------- -------------------------- = 2,5.
) x y = 3; ) ) 2x + y 1 x + 2y 3
3x + y = 1; (k + 1)x + y = 3?
4. m,
|x| + y = 4, ( x + y ) 2 = 5,
: 12. ) )
x + 3|y| = 6; ( x y ) 2 = 1.
2x + (9m2 2)y = 3m, m2x + (2 m)y = m3 + 4,
) )
x + y = 1; mx + (2m 1)y = m5 2; 13. x N y N,
23x + 31y = 1000.
2mx + y = 6m2
5m + 1,
) 14. xOy , -
x + 2my = 0.
5. c d, :
) |x y| m 1; ) |x + y| l 2; ) |x| |y| l 1;
(c + 1)2x (c + 1)y = c,
) |x| + |y| m 3; ) |x 1| + |y + 1| l 2; ) |x + y| + |x y| m 2.
(d 1)x + (5 2d)y = c + 4
15. xOy , -
x = 1, y = 1.
6. 3y x < 5,
ax by = 2a b, y + 2x < 11,
(c + 1)x + cy = 10 a + 3b 4y + x > 9.
(1; 3). - x y,
a, b c. .
7. b R , a R 16. a R (a; a2)
: ,
3x + y = a, x 2y = a, y = x + 1, y = 3 x, y = 2x?
) ax y = b; )
ax + 3y = b. :
8. a b, x = 3t 2,
x + y z = 0,
y = 4t + 1,
17. 2x y + 3z = 9, 18.
ax + 2y = b + 1, 2x + y = a2 + 2, z = 4t 5,
3x + 4y + 2z = 11.
x+y=3 x + 3y = 3. 4x 3y 6z = 5.

28 29
5. 9. k

: x + ky = 3,
3x y = 0, kx + 4y = 6,
x 2y = 0, 0 x 0 y = 0,
1. ) x + y = 0; ) 2x 4y = 0; ) x > 1, y > 0?
0 x + 0 y = 0;
0 x + y = 0, 0 x + 0 y = 1, 10. a
) )
0 x 0 y = 0; 0 x + 0 y = 2. 2x + y = a2 1,
4x 8y = 3, 3x + 2y = 2a2 + 7a + 5
3x + 2y = 1,
2. ) ) x 2y = 3 ;
x + 5y = 6; ---
4 x y + 3 > 0?
3x + y = 1, y 4x = a, :
) 9x + 3y = 2; )
8x 2y = 1. 4 3
-------------------------- + -------------------------- = 4,75,
3. k : 2x + y 1 x + 2y 3
11.
kx + y = 2, kx + 4y = 4, 3x + (k 1)y = k + 1, 3 2
-------------------------- -------------------------- = 2,5.
) x y = 3; ) ) 2x + y 1 x + 2y 3
3x + y = 1; (k + 1)x + y = 3?
4. m,
|x| + y = 4, ( x + y ) 2 = 5,
: 12. ) )
x + 3|y| = 6; ( x y ) 2 = 1.
2x + (9m2 2)y = 3m, m2x + (2 m)y = m3 + 4,
) )
x + y = 1; mx + (2m 1)y = m5 2; 13. x N y N,
23x + 31y = 1000.
2mx + y = 6m2
5m + 1,
) 14. xOy , -
x + 2my = 0.
5. c d, :
) |x y| m 1; ) |x + y| l 2; ) |x| |y| l 1;
(c + 1)2x (c + 1)y = c,
) |x| + |y| m 3; ) |x 1| + |y + 1| l 2; ) |x + y| + |x y| m 2.
(d 1)x + (5 2d)y = c + 4
15. xOy , -
x = 1, y = 1.
6. 3y x < 5,
ax by = 2a b, y + 2x < 11,
(c + 1)x + cy = 10 a + 3b 4y + x > 9.
(1; 3). - x y,
a, b c. .
7. b R , a R 16. a R (a; a2)
: ,
3x + y = a, x 2y = a, y = x + 1, y = 3 x, y = 2x?
) ax y = b; )
ax + 3y = b. :
8. a b, x = 3t 2,
x + y z = 0,
y = 4t + 1,
17. 2x y + 3z = 9, 18.
ax + 2y = b + 1, 2x + y = a2 + 2, z = 4t 5,
3x + 4y + 2z = 11.
x+y=3 x + 3y = 3. 4x 3y 6z = 5.

28 29
2x + 3y + z 1 = 0, x+2 y1 z3 x + y + xy = 11, x2y xy2 = 30,
------------- = ------------- = ------------ , 3. ) )
19. x 1 y+1 z 20. 2 3 2 x2 + y2 + xy = 13; x + xy y = 13;
------------- = ------------- = --- .
1 2 6 x + 2y 2z + 6 = 0.
x+y+ x 1
--- = --- ,
21. (x + 0,2)2 + (y + 0,3)2 = 1, y 2
) )
x + y = 0,9; ( x + y )x 1
---------------------- = --- ;
2 4 5 y 2
--- x + --- y + --- z = 61,
3 5 6
x3y + x3y2 + 2x2y2 + x2y3 + xy3 = 30,
x + y + z = 79. )
x2y + xy + x + y + xy2 = 11.
z 2x2 + xy 45y2 = 0, x2 5xy = 16,
) 2
--- y + --- ; ) - 4. ) )
5 2 2x + 9y2 = 4; 2xy + y2 = 3;
, x 2x2 + y2 + 3xy = 12,
. x3 + xy2 = 10,
) )
22. , f(x) = ax2 + bx + c (x + y)2 1
--- y2 = 7; x2y y3 = 3.
2
(a 0) f(1) < 1, f(1) > 1, f(3) < 4. -
10x2 + 5y2 2xy 38x 6y + 41 = 0,
a. 5. )
3x2 2y2 + 5xy 17x 6y + 20 = 0;
23. {(x; y; z)||x| + |y| + |z| m 1}
. y2(x2 3) + xy + 1 = 0,
)
y2(3x2 6) + xy + 2 = 0.
x 2 2 y
--- (x + y 2) = --- , --- + --- = 3,
y 3 x 3
6. 6. ) )
y x 3 3
--- (x + y 1) = 9; --- + --- = --- .
x 2 y 2
:
y2 |xy| + 2 = 0, |xy 2| = 6 x2,
x2 xy + 3y2 + 2x 5y 4 = 0, 7. ) )
1. a) 8 x2 = (x + 2y)2; 2 + 3y2 = 2xy.
x + 2y = 4;
8. x, y,
2xy y2 + 5x + 20 = 0, x2 4y2 = 200, x2 2xy + 12 = 0, x2 + 4y2 m 60 x Z.
) )
3x + 2y 3 = 0; x + 2y = 100; 9.
x2 + 9y2 + 6xy 6x 18y 40 = 0, x = y + 2,
) xy m 17,
x + 30 = 2y.
y+1 1
x + y = 5, x y = 5, ------------- < --- .
x2 + y2 = 10, x+2 2
2. ) xy = 6; ) xy = 4; )
x + y = 4;
10. a,
1 1
{(x; y) | x2 + y2 + 2x m 1} {(x; y) | x y + a l 0}
c
-----2- + -----2- = 13,
x y x3 + y3 = 7,
) ) . .
1 1 x + y = 1;
--- --- = 1; 11. :
x y
) (x 1)2 + (y + 5)2 = 0;
x4 + y4 = 17, x5 + y5 = 275, x3 y3 = 63, ) x2 + y2 2x + 6y + 10 = 0;
e) ) )
x + y = 3; x + y = 5; xy = 4. ) (x + y a)2 + (y 1)2 + (x + 3)2 = 0.

30 31
2x + 3y + z 1 = 0, x+2 y1 z3 x + y + xy = 11, x2y xy2 = 30,
------------- = ------------- = ------------ , 3. ) )
19. x 1 y+1 z 20. 2 3 2 x2 + y2 + xy = 13; x + xy y = 13;
------------- = ------------- = --- .
1 2 6 x + 2y 2z + 6 = 0.
x+y+ x 1
--- = --- ,
21. (x + 0,2)2 + (y + 0,3)2 = 1, y 2
) )
x + y = 0,9; ( x + y )x 1
---------------------- = --- ;
2 4 5 y 2
--- x + --- y + --- z = 61,
3 5 6
x3y + x3y2 + 2x2y2 + x2y3 + xy3 = 30,
x + y + z = 79. )
x2y + xy + x + y + xy2 = 11.
z 2x2 + xy 45y2 = 0, x2 5xy = 16,
) 2
--- y + --- ; ) - 4. ) )
5 2 2x + 9y2 = 4; 2xy + y2 = 3;
, x 2x2 + y2 + 3xy = 12,
. x3 + xy2 = 10,
) )
22. , f(x) = ax2 + bx + c (x + y)2 1
--- y2 = 7; x2y y3 = 3.
2
(a 0) f(1) < 1, f(1) > 1, f(3) < 4. -
10x2 + 5y2 2xy 38x 6y + 41 = 0,
a. 5. )
3x2 2y2 + 5xy 17x 6y + 20 = 0;
23. {(x; y; z)||x| + |y| + |z| m 1}
. y2(x2 3) + xy + 1 = 0,
)
y2(3x2 6) + xy + 2 = 0.
x 2 2 y
--- (x + y 2) = --- , --- + --- = 3,
y 3 x 3
6. 6. ) )
y x 3 3
--- (x + y 1) = 9; --- + --- = --- .
x 2 y 2
:
y2 |xy| + 2 = 0, |xy 2| = 6 x2,
x2 xy + 3y2 + 2x 5y 4 = 0, 7. ) )
1. a) 8 x2 = (x + 2y)2; 2 + 3y2 = 2xy.
x + 2y = 4;
8. x, y,
2xy y2 + 5x + 20 = 0, x2 4y2 = 200, x2 2xy + 12 = 0, x2 + 4y2 m 60 x Z.
) )
3x + 2y 3 = 0; x + 2y = 100; 9.
x2 + 9y2 + 6xy 6x 18y 40 = 0, x = y + 2,
) xy m 17,
x + 30 = 2y.
y+1 1
x + y = 5, x y = 5, ------------- < --- .
x2 + y2 = 10, x+2 2
2. ) xy = 6; ) xy = 4; )
x + y = 4;
10. a,
1 1
{(x; y) | x2 + y2 + 2x m 1} {(x; y) | x y + a l 0}
c
-----2- + -----2- = 13,
x y x3 + y3 = 7,
) ) . .
1 1 x + y = 1;
--- --- = 1; 11. :
x y
) (x 1)2 + (y + 5)2 = 0;
x4 + y4 = 17, x5 + y5 = 275, x3 y3 = 63, ) x2 + y2 2x + 6y + 10 = 0;
e) ) )
x + y = 3; x + y = 5; xy = 4. ) (x + y a)2 + (y 1)2 + (x + 3)2 = 0.

30 31
:
. 7 x x 2 = x 1.
x + 2y z = 5, 2u + v + w = 6,

12. ) 3x 4y + z = 1, ) 3u + 2v + w = 9,
x2 + y2 + z2 = 6; 3u3 + 2v3 + w3 = 27. 7 x x2 = (x 1)2, 2x2 x 6 = 0,
x = 2.
xl1 xl1
x + y + z = 2, xy + x + y = 7,
13. xy + yz + zx = 5, 14. yz + y + z = 3, :
x2 + y2 z2 = 12. xz + x + z = 5.
1. ) x + 1 = a; ) x+3 = ax; ) 4 + 2x x 2 = x 2.
x2 yz = 14, x2 + xy + y2 = 3,
15. y2 xz = 28, 16. y2 + yz + z2 = 7, 2. ) 11 + 2x = 22 x ; ) 21 + 2x 7 = x;
z2 xy = 14. z2 + zx + x2 = 19. ) 2 x + 5 = x + 2; ) 3x 18x + 1 + 1 = 0.
5xy 3. ) x + 10 + x 2 = 6; ) x +1 + x = a.
------------- = 1,
xy + xz = 8, x+y
17. yz + xy = 9, 18. 7yz 4. 10 + x + 6 1 + x + 5 x + 2 4 x = 7.
------------ = 1,
xz + yz = 7. y+z
6xz = x + z. 5. x 2 4x + 3 + x 2 + 3x 2 = x2 x .

4xy + y2 + 2z2 = 3, y3 = 9x2 27x + 27, 6. ) x2 x1 + x + 3 4 x 1 = 1;


19. 4xz + x2 + 2z2 = 1, 20. z3 = 9y2 27y + 27,
) x+34 x1 x + 8 6 x 1 = 1;
8yz + y2 + 2z2 = 1. x3 = 9z2 27z + 27.
21. (x; y; z), ) x+2 x1 + x + 2 x 1 = 2.
5x2 + y2 + 3z2 2yz = 30.
7. ) 3 13 x + 3 22 + x = 5; ) 3 24 + x + 12 x = 6.
22.
, : 8. ) x3 + x 7 = a; ) x3 + 7 x = a;
y + 2x m 0, x2 + y m 0,
) 2 ) ) x 2 + ax 2a = x + 1; ) 2x 1 = x a;
x + y2 5 m 0; 2x2 + y 1 m 0.
23. (x; y), - ) x 2 x x 2 + a 2 = a x; ) x x a = a;
:
) x x2 x = a.
y + x2 m 0,
2y l x2, x2 + y2 l 1,
) ) y 2x + 3 l 0, ) 2 9. 5 ( x 2 ) ( x 32 ) 5 ( x 1 ) ( x 33 ) = 1.
y m 2x2 + 3x; y + 1 m 0; x + y2 m 16.
1
10. x4 + 1
x 4 --- .
--- = x 2
4 4
7. ,
.
1. n 2n f ( x ) < (x) -
: 2n f ( x ) = (x), n N, -
f(x) < ((x))2n,
f(x) =((x))2n, f(x) l 0,
(x) l 0. (x) > 0.

32 33
:
. 7 x x 2 = x 1.
x + 2y z = 5, 2u + v + w = 6,

12. ) 3x 4y + z = 1, ) 3u + 2v + w = 9,
x2 + y2 + z2 = 6; 3u3 + 2v3 + w3 = 27. 7 x x2 = (x 1)2, 2x2 x 6 = 0,
x = 2.
xl1 xl1
x + y + z = 2, xy + x + y = 7,
13. xy + yz + zx = 5, 14. yz + y + z = 3, :
x2 + y2 z2 = 12. xz + x + z = 5.
1. ) x + 1 = a; ) x+3 = ax; ) 4 + 2x x 2 = x 2.
x2 yz = 14, x2 + xy + y2 = 3,
15. y2 xz = 28, 16. y2 + yz + z2 = 7, 2. ) 11 + 2x = 22 x ; ) 21 + 2x 7 = x;
z2 xy = 14. z2 + zx + x2 = 19. ) 2 x + 5 = x + 2; ) 3x 18x + 1 + 1 = 0.
5xy 3. ) x + 10 + x 2 = 6; ) x +1 + x = a.
------------- = 1,
xy + xz = 8, x+y
17. yz + xy = 9, 18. 7yz 4. 10 + x + 6 1 + x + 5 x + 2 4 x = 7.
------------ = 1,
xz + yz = 7. y+z
6xz = x + z. 5. x 2 4x + 3 + x 2 + 3x 2 = x2 x .

4xy + y2 + 2z2 = 3, y3 = 9x2 27x + 27, 6. ) x2 x1 + x + 3 4 x 1 = 1;


19. 4xz + x2 + 2z2 = 1, 20. z3 = 9y2 27y + 27,
) x+34 x1 x + 8 6 x 1 = 1;
8yz + y2 + 2z2 = 1. x3 = 9z2 27z + 27.
21. (x; y; z), ) x+2 x1 + x + 2 x 1 = 2.
5x2 + y2 + 3z2 2yz = 30.
7. ) 3 13 x + 3 22 + x = 5; ) 3 24 + x + 12 x = 6.
22.
, : 8. ) x3 + x 7 = a; ) x3 + 7 x = a;
y + 2x m 0, x2 + y m 0,
) 2 ) ) x 2 + ax 2a = x + 1; ) 2x 1 = x a;
x + y2 5 m 0; 2x2 + y 1 m 0.
23. (x; y), - ) x 2 x x 2 + a 2 = a x; ) x x a = a;
:
) x x2 x = a.
y + x2 m 0,
2y l x2, x2 + y2 l 1,
) ) y 2x + 3 l 0, ) 2 9. 5 ( x 2 ) ( x 32 ) 5 ( x 1 ) ( x 33 ) = 1.
y m 2x2 + 3x; y + 1 m 0; x + y2 m 16.
1
10. x4 + 1
x 4 --- .
--- = x 2
4 4
7. ,
.
1. n 2n f ( x ) < (x) -
: 2n f ( x ) = (x), n N, -
f(x) < ((x))2n,
f(x) =((x))2n, f(x) l 0,
(x) l 0. (x) > 0.

32 33
2. n 2n f ( x ) > (x) - x x 2
4. -------------------
- < 1.
x+2

(x) l 0, x + 2 < 0,
(x) < 0,
x2 x l 0,
f(x) l 0 f(x) > ((x))2n.
x2 x
-------------------- < 1 x + 2 > 0,
f(x) 2n x+2
3. n ------------------
- > 1 x2 x l 0,
(x)
x2 x > (x + 2)2
(x) > 0,
f(x) > ((x))2n. x < 2,
x(x 1) l 0, x < 2,
f(x) 2n
4. n ------------------
- < 1 4
(x) x > 2, --5- < x m 0,
x(x 1) l 0,
x l 1.
(x) > 0, 5x > 4
(x) < 0, f(x) l 0,

f(x) l 0
f(x) < ((x))2n. : (; 2) c --4- ; 0 c [1; +).
5
:
1. 2 x < x.
x2
2 x < x2 , x2 + x 2 > 0, 11. ) (x 1) x 2 x 2 l 0; ) ----------------- > 1;
1 2x
2x < x 2 x l 0, x m 2,
x>0 x>0 ) x+1 > 3x; ) x+2 l xa;
(x 1)(x + 2) > 0, 3x 1
0<xm2 1 < x m 2. ) (1 a) 2x + 1 < 1; ) ----------------- > 1.
2x
: (1; 2]. 12. ) x > 1x; ) x + 1 > 2+x;
2. 5 + x > 1 x. ) x > 24 5x ; ) x > x 2 + x 12 ;
1x<0,
x > 1, ) 24 10x > 3 4x; ) x 2 + x > 1 2x.
5+x0,
5+x >1x x m 1,
1 x l 0, 13. ) 4 x < x 2 2x ; ) 1 13 + 3x m 2a;
x2 3x 4 < 0
5 + x > (1 x)2 ) (x2 + 2x 8) x2 + x 2 m 0; ) x2 3x ( x + 2 x) l 0;
x > 1,
x > 1, ) x + 3 m 3 |x|; ) x + 2 l 6 |x 4|.
x m 1, x > 1.
(x + 1)(x 4) < 0 1 < x m 1
x+5 1 1
14. ) ----------------
- < 1; ) ----------------
- > ------------- ;
: (1; +). 1x 9x x2
+x x2 24 2x x 2 24 + 2x x 2
3. -------------------
- > 1. ) ------------------------------------- < 1; ) ------------------------------------- < 1.
2+x x x
x2 + x x > 2, x > 2, x2 x+3
-------------------- > 1 2 2 < x < 4
--- . 15. ) ------------------------------
- < 4; ) 2 1
--------------------------- > --- ;
2+x x + x > x2 + 4x + 4 3x < 4 3 2x 3 1 x1 3

: 2; 4
--- . (x + 6)(3 x) 2 18 3x x 2
- + ----------------------------------------- m 0.
) ----------------------------------------
3 2x 3x + 4

34 35
2. n 2n f ( x ) > (x) - x x 2
4. -------------------
- < 1.
x+2

(x) l 0, x + 2 < 0,
(x) < 0,
x2 x l 0,
f(x) l 0 f(x) > ((x))2n.
x2 x
-------------------- < 1 x + 2 > 0,
f(x) 2n x+2
3. n ------------------
- > 1 x2 x l 0,
(x)
x2 x > (x + 2)2
(x) > 0,
f(x) > ((x))2n. x < 2,
x(x 1) l 0, x < 2,
f(x) 2n
4. n ------------------
- < 1 4
(x) x > 2, --5- < x m 0,
x(x 1) l 0,
x l 1.
(x) > 0, 5x > 4
(x) < 0, f(x) l 0,

f(x) l 0
f(x) < ((x))2n. : (; 2) c --4- ; 0 c [1; +).
5
:
1. 2 x < x.
x2
2 x < x2 , x2 + x 2 > 0, 11. ) (x 1) x 2 x 2 l 0; ) ----------------- > 1;
1 2x
2x < x 2 x l 0, x m 2,
x>0 x>0 ) x+1 > 3x; ) x+2 l xa;
(x 1)(x + 2) > 0, 3x 1
0<xm2 1 < x m 2. ) (1 a) 2x + 1 < 1; ) ----------------- > 1.
2x
: (1; 2]. 12. ) x > 1x; ) x + 1 > 2+x;
2. 5 + x > 1 x. ) x > 24 5x ; ) x > x 2 + x 12 ;
1x<0,
x > 1, ) 24 10x > 3 4x; ) x 2 + x > 1 2x.
5+x0,
5+x >1x x m 1,
1 x l 0, 13. ) 4 x < x 2 2x ; ) 1 13 + 3x m 2a;
x2 3x 4 < 0
5 + x > (1 x)2 ) (x2 + 2x 8) x2 + x 2 m 0; ) x2 3x ( x + 2 x) l 0;
x > 1,
x > 1, ) x + 3 m 3 |x|; ) x + 2 l 6 |x 4|.
x m 1, x > 1.
(x + 1)(x 4) < 0 1 < x m 1
x+5 1 1
14. ) ----------------
- < 1; ) ----------------
- > ------------- ;
: (1; +). 1x 9x x2
+x x2 24 2x x 2 24 + 2x x 2
3. -------------------
- > 1. ) ------------------------------------- < 1; ) ------------------------------------- < 1.
2+x x x
x2 + x x > 2, x > 2, x2 x+3
-------------------- > 1 2 2 < x < 4
--- . 15. ) ------------------------------
- < 4; ) 2 1
--------------------------- > --- ;
2+x x + x > x2 + 4x + 4 3x < 4 3 2x 3 1 x1 3

: 2; 4
--- . (x + 6)(3 x) 2 18 3x x 2
- + ----------------------------------------- m 0.
) ----------------------------------------
3 2x 3x + 4

34 35
16. ) 1 3x 5 + x > 1; ) x+1 3x > 2x 1; 24. -
:
) 2(x + x 2 + 4x + 3 ) < 3( x + 1 + x + 3 2);
) f(x) = 100 x 2 , x [6; 8]; ) f(x) = x + 2 x , x [0; 4];
1 4x 2 x
) 1
---------------------------------- < 3; ) x + ------------------- 35
- > ------ . ) f(x) = 3 ( x 2 2x ) 2 , x [0; 3].
x x2 1 12
25. , -
17. x, :
f(x) = (x 1)2 x 2 2x + 3 [0; 3].
) f(x) = 7(x 4)(x + 2) 7
--- (x + 1) -
6 26. :
; (x + 3)(9 x) 27 + 6x x 2
- l ------------------------------------- ;
) ----------------------------------------
3x 2 2x + 5
) f(x) = 3
--- (x + 2) 2 ( x 4 ) ( x + 3 ) -
4
(x + 6)(3 x) 2 18 3x x 2
. - + ----------------------------------------- m 0;
) ----------------------------------------
2x 3x + 4
18. :
15 + 2x x 2 (x + 3)(5 x)
) ------------------------------------- l ----------------------------------------
-;
) y = x ; ) y = x2 x ; ) y = 3 3 x 1 ; ) y = x 2 2x + 3 ; 2x 5 x3

) y = (1 + x )(1 + 2x ); ) y = 1 + x 2 ; ) y = x + x . 20 + x x2 (5 x)(x + 4)
) --------------------------------- m ----------------------------------------
-.
x+3 2x 5
19. P(x0; y0) -
27. :
:
) x 2 4x + 3 > x 5
--- ; ) x 2 3x + 2 > x 11
------ ;
) y = x , P(4; 2); ) y = x 2 x , P(1; 1); 2 6

) y = 3 3 x 2 , P(8; 12); ) y = x 3 + 1, P(4; 9). ) x2 7x + 12 > x 15


------ ; ) x2 5x + 6 > x 11
------ .
4 4
20. : 28. :
) y = x 4 x + 3 ; ) y = x1 ; ) y = x2 6x + 15 ; ) x 2 + x 12 l x; ) x 2 x 6 l x 1;
) y = x 2 6x ; ) y = (x 1) x ; ) y = (x + 2) x 1 . ) x 2 + x 6 > x; ) x 2 3 4 > x 2.
21. :
) y = x4; ) y = x 2 x + 1 ; ) y = x 2 + 4x 3 ;
8.
x9
) y = ----------------
-; ) y = 36x 3x2 + 4 x 3 .
x3
22. : :
7 4 5
) y = 5 2x ; ) y = 2x x 2 ; ----------------- ----------------- = --- ,
x7 y+6 3
8x
1. )
) y = 2x 2 x + 1 ; - , x l 0;
) --------------------------------------- 5 3 13
3 ----------------- + ----------------- = ------ ;
x2 + 23 x+4 x7 y+6 6
2
) y = x 1 3
------ --- x x + --- x 3 x + 1, x l 0. 4 1
----------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------ = 1,
4 3 2
x+y xy 4 xy4 x+y
23. , x (0; +) - )
2 4 9
----------------------------------------- + ------------------------------------------ = --- .
2 x > 3 --1- . x+y xy 4 x+y4 xy 4
x

36 37
16. ) 1 3x 5 + x > 1; ) x+1 3x > 2x 1; 24. -
:
) 2(x + x 2 + 4x + 3 ) < 3( x + 1 + x + 3 2);
) f(x) = 100 x 2 , x [6; 8]; ) f(x) = x + 2 x , x [0; 4];
1 4x 2 x
) 1
---------------------------------- < 3; ) x + ------------------- 35
- > ------ . ) f(x) = 3 ( x 2 2x ) 2 , x [0; 3].
x x2 1 12
25. , -
17. x, :
f(x) = (x 1)2 x 2 2x + 3 [0; 3].
) f(x) = 7(x 4)(x + 2) 7
--- (x + 1) -
6 26. :
; (x + 3)(9 x) 27 + 6x x 2
- l ------------------------------------- ;
) ----------------------------------------
3x 2 2x + 5
) f(x) = 3
--- (x + 2) 2 ( x 4 ) ( x + 3 ) -
4
(x + 6)(3 x) 2 18 3x x 2
. - + ----------------------------------------- m 0;
) ----------------------------------------
2x 3x + 4
18. :
15 + 2x x 2 (x + 3)(5 x)
) ------------------------------------- l ----------------------------------------
-;
) y = x ; ) y = x2 x ; ) y = 3 3 x 1 ; ) y = x 2 2x + 3 ; 2x 5 x3

) y = (1 + x )(1 + 2x ); ) y = 1 + x 2 ; ) y = x + x . 20 + x x2 (5 x)(x + 4)
) --------------------------------- m ----------------------------------------
-.
x+3 2x 5
19. P(x0; y0) -
27. :
:
) x 2 4x + 3 > x 5
--- ; ) x 2 3x + 2 > x 11
------ ;
) y = x , P(4; 2); ) y = x 2 x , P(1; 1); 2 6

) y = 3 3 x 2 , P(8; 12); ) y = x 3 + 1, P(4; 9). ) x2 7x + 12 > x 15


------ ; ) x2 5x + 6 > x 11
------ .
4 4
20. : 28. :
) y = x 4 x + 3 ; ) y = x1 ; ) y = x2 6x + 15 ; ) x 2 + x 12 l x; ) x 2 x 6 l x 1;
) y = x 2 6x ; ) y = (x 1) x ; ) y = (x + 2) x 1 . ) x 2 + x 6 > x; ) x 2 3 4 > x 2.
21. :
) y = x4; ) y = x 2 x + 1 ; ) y = x 2 + 4x 3 ;
8.
x9
) y = ----------------
-; ) y = 36x 3x2 + 4 x 3 .
x3
22. : :
7 4 5
) y = 5 2x ; ) y = 2x x 2 ; ----------------- ----------------- = --- ,
x7 y+6 3
8x
1. )
) y = 2x 2 x + 1 ; - , x l 0;
) --------------------------------------- 5 3 13
3 ----------------- + ----------------- = ------ ;
x2 + 23 x+4 x7 y+6 6
2
) y = x 1 3
------ --- x x + --- x 3 x + 1, x l 0. 4 1
----------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------ = 1,
4 3 2
x+y xy 4 xy4 x+y
23. , x (0; +) - )
2 4 9
----------------------------------------- + ------------------------------------------ = --- .
2 x > 3 --1- . x+y xy 4 x+y4 xy 4
x

36 37
x+y 2x 1 x+y x y = a,
----------------- + 4 ----------------- = 5,
2. ) 2x 1 x+y 12.
x2 + y2 + x 2 y 2 = a2 , a > 0.
x = y + 1;

xy x+y 10 x y 13
------------- + ------------- = ------ , --- + --- 1 = ----------- ,
) x+y xy 3 y x xy
13.
xy 2x 2y = 2. 4
x3y + 4
xy 3 = 10.
x+y 12
x+y+ ------------- = ------------- , 2
3. xy xy 14. y x xy = 18,
xy = 15. x2 y xy = 9.
15. :
y x 2 + y 2 2ay 3 = 0,
4. 4x 7 < x,
x x 2 + y 2 = 2ax. )
x+5 + 5 x > 4;
5. a -
4 3x l x,
)
1
y = ------- , x + x 1 < 5.
x
y = ax + 1? :
6. a 16. xy l x+y.

x 2 + 2xy + y 2 + x 2 2xy + y 2 = 4, 17. 1 + x l y.

18. y 2 < 1 x ,
2
x 2 + y 2 = a?
y > 2|x|.
:
bx yx = y,
7.
ax + yx = y.

x2 + y 3 x 2 y = 17,
8.
y2 + x 3 xy 2 = 68.

xy= 3
--- ( 3 xy 2 3 x 2 y ),
9. 2
3 x 3 y = 3.

3 3 5
x + y = --- 6 xy ,
10. 2
x + y = 10.

x+ y x y = 2,
11.
x2 y + x 2 + y = 4.

38 39
x+y 2x 1 x+y x y = a,
----------------- + 4 ----------------- = 5,
2. ) 2x 1 x+y 12.
x2 + y2 + x 2 y 2 = a2 , a > 0.
x = y + 1;

xy x+y 10 x y 13
------------- + ------------- = ------ , --- + --- 1 = ----------- ,
) x+y xy 3 y x xy
13.
xy 2x 2y = 2. 4
x3y + 4
xy 3 = 10.
x+y 12
x+y+ ------------- = ------------- , 2
3. xy xy 14. y x xy = 18,
xy = 15. x2 y xy = 9.
15. :
y x 2 + y 2 2ay 3 = 0,
4. 4x 7 < x,
x x 2 + y 2 = 2ax. )
x+5 + 5 x > 4;
5. a -
4 3x l x,
)
1
y = ------- , x + x 1 < 5.
x
y = ax + 1? :
6. a 16. xy l x+y.

x 2 + 2xy + y 2 + x 2 2xy + y 2 = 4, 17. 1 + x l y.

18. y 2 < 1 x ,
2
x 2 + y 2 = a?
y > 2|x|.
:
bx yx = y,
7.
ax + yx = y.

x2 + y 3 x 2 y = 17,
8.
y2 + x 3 xy 2 = 68.

xy= 3
--- ( 3 xy 2 3 x 2 y ),
9. 2
3 x 3 y = 3.

3 3 5
x + y = --- 6 xy ,
10. 2
x + y = 10.

x+ y x y = 2,
11.
x2 y + x 2 + y = 4.

38 39
II 15. loga x = log a k xk, x > 0, k R, k 0.

16. log a k xm = m
----- loga x, x > 0, m, k R, k 0.
k

. . af(x) = b,
a > 0.
1. b m 0, x .
2. b > 0, a 1, f(x) = loga b.
, 3. a = 1, b = 1, x D(f).
4. a = 1, b 1, x .

1. 2x + 22 x = 5.
y = 2x,
1. y+ 4
--- = 5.
y

y,
. - y2 5y + 4 = 0,
y = 1 y = 4. x, -
(a > 0, a 1):
2x = 1 2x = 4, x = 0 x = 2.
1. ax = ay x = y. : x1 = 0, x2 = 2.
2. ax ay ax + y. 2. 25x 6 5x + 5 = 0.
x
3. a
-----y- = ax y. t = 5x > 0
a t ,
4. a0 = 1. t = 1, 5 x = 5 0, x = 0,
5. ax bx = (a b)x, b > 0. t2 6t + 5 = 0 x
t=5 5 = 51 x = 1.
ax a x
- = --- , b > 0.
6. ----- : x1 = 0, x2 = 1.
b x b
7. (ax)y = axy. 3. 3 16x + 36x = 2 81x.

8. a log a x = x, x > 0 . x
4
9. loga xy = loga |x| + loga |y|, xy > 0. x 81x t = --- ,
9
10. loga x
--- = loga |x| loga |y|, xy > 0. 3t2 + t 2 = 0,
y
11. loga x = loga |x|. t1 = 1 t2 = 2
--- . t > 0, -
3
12. loga x2m = 2m loga |x|, x 0, m Z. . :
log b x
1
c
, c > 0, c 1. 4 4 ---
13. loga b = --------------
log c a ---
9
= --- 2 x = 1
--- .
9 2
1
- , b > 0, b 1.
14. loga b = --------------
log b a : x = 1
--- .
2

40 41
II 15. loga x = log a k xk, x > 0, k R, k 0.

16. log a k xm = m
----- loga x, x > 0, m, k R, k 0.
k

. . af(x) = b,
a > 0.
1. b m 0, x .
2. b > 0, a 1, f(x) = loga b.
, 3. a = 1, b = 1, x D(f).
4. a = 1, b 1, x .

1. 2x + 22 x = 5.
y = 2x,
1. y+ 4
--- = 5.
y

y,
. - y2 5y + 4 = 0,
y = 1 y = 4. x, -
(a > 0, a 1):
2x = 1 2x = 4, x = 0 x = 2.
1. ax = ay x = y. : x1 = 0, x2 = 2.
2. ax ay ax + y. 2. 25x 6 5x + 5 = 0.
x
3. a
-----y- = ax y. t = 5x > 0
a t ,
4. a0 = 1. t = 1, 5 x = 5 0, x = 0,
5. ax bx = (a b)x, b > 0. t2 6t + 5 = 0 x
t=5 5 = 51 x = 1.
ax a x
- = --- , b > 0.
6. ----- : x1 = 0, x2 = 1.
b x b
7. (ax)y = axy. 3. 3 16x + 36x = 2 81x.

8. a log a x = x, x > 0 . x
4
9. loga xy = loga |x| + loga |y|, xy > 0. x 81x t = --- ,
9
10. loga x
--- = loga |x| loga |y|, xy > 0. 3t2 + t 2 = 0,
y
11. loga x = loga |x|. t1 = 1 t2 = 2
--- . t > 0, -
3
12. loga x2m = 2m loga |x|, x 0, m Z. . :
log b x
1
c
, c > 0, c 1. 4 4 ---
13. loga b = --------------
log c a ---
9
= --- 2 x = 1
--- .
9 2
1
- , b > 0, b 1.
14. loga b = --------------
log b a : x = 1
--- .
2

40 41
4. xlg x = 1000x2. :
10, 4 x > 0,
2 < x < 4.
x+2>0
lg2 x 2 lg x 3 = 0 lg x = 1, lg x = 3. , -
:
1
: x1 = ------ , x2 = 1000. log2 (4 x)(x + 2) = 3 (4 x)(x + 2) = 23
10
x2 + 2x + 8 = 8, x1 = 0, x2 = 2.
5.
-
( 2 + 3 )x + ( 2 3 )x = 2x. .
: x1 = 0, x2 = 2.
2+ 3 2 3
- = cos , 0 < < --- ; --------------------- = sin ,
--------------------
2 2 2 7.
(cos )x + (sin )x = 1. log2 (3x 1) + log2 x = 1.
x = 2.
, . :
, 0 < cos < 1; 0 < sin < 1, : 3x 1 > 0,
x> 1
--- .
x > 2 (cos )x < cos2 , (sin )x < sin2 , , x>0 3
(cos )x + (sin )x < cos2 + sin2 = 1; ,
x < 2 (cos )x > cos2 , (sin )x > sin2 , , log2 (3x 1)x = 1 (3x 1)x = 2 x1 = 1, x2 = 2
--- .
(cos )x + (sin )x > cos2 + sin2 = 1. 3
x2 -
: x = 2.
.
. - : x = 1.
x a (a > 0, a 1)
, a, x. 8.
2
log 2 x + 3
= --1- .
3
: x log 2 x
x
a log a x = x (a > 0, a 1, x > 0).
2,

, 2
. , - (3 log2 x log 2 x + 3) log2 x = log2 x,
: log2 x = 0, log2 x = 1, log2 x = 4.
loga f(x) + loga (x) = loga f(x)(x);
: x1 = 1
--- , x2 = 1, x3 = 16.
2
f(x)
loga f(x) loga (x) = loga -----------
-.
(x)
9.
6.
log2 x log2x 4x = 3
--- .
log2 (4 x) + log2 (x + 2) = 3. 2

42 43
4. xlg x = 1000x2. :
10, 4 x > 0,
2 < x < 4.
x+2>0
lg2 x 2 lg x 3 = 0 lg x = 1, lg x = 3. , -
:
1
: x1 = ------ , x2 = 1000. log2 (4 x)(x + 2) = 3 (4 x)(x + 2) = 23
10
x2 + 2x + 8 = 8, x1 = 0, x2 = 2.
5.
-
( 2 + 3 )x + ( 2 3 )x = 2x. .
: x1 = 0, x2 = 2.
2+ 3 2 3
- = cos , 0 < < --- ; --------------------- = sin ,
--------------------
2 2 2 7.
(cos )x + (sin )x = 1. log2 (3x 1) + log2 x = 1.
x = 2.
, . :
, 0 < cos < 1; 0 < sin < 1, : 3x 1 > 0,
x> 1
--- .
x > 2 (cos )x < cos2 , (sin )x < sin2 , , x>0 3
(cos )x + (sin )x < cos2 + sin2 = 1; ,
x < 2 (cos )x > cos2 , (sin )x > sin2 , , log2 (3x 1)x = 1 (3x 1)x = 2 x1 = 1, x2 = 2
--- .
(cos )x + (sin )x > cos2 + sin2 = 1. 3
x2 -
: x = 2.
.
. - : x = 1.
x a (a > 0, a 1)
, a, x. 8.
2
log 2 x + 3
= --1- .
3
: x log 2 x
x
a log a x = x (a > 0, a 1, x > 0).
2,

, 2
. , - (3 log2 x log 2 x + 3) log2 x = log2 x,
: log2 x = 0, log2 x = 1, log2 x = 4.
loga f(x) + loga (x) = loga f(x)(x);
: x1 = 1
--- , x2 = 1, x3 = 16.
2
f(x)
loga f(x) loga (x) = loga -----------
-.
(x)
9.
6.
log2 x log2x 4x = 3
--- .
log2 (4 x) + log2 (x + 2) = 3. 2

42 43
- 9. He ,
, -
log 2 24 log 2 192
, ------------------ ---------------------- .
log 96 2 log 12 2
log2 x:
log 2 4x 3 log 2 4 + log 2 x 3 2+y 3
log2 x ------------------
- = --- , log2 x ------------------------------------- = --- , y ------------- = --- , 10. , n > 1 -
log 2 2x 2 log 2 2 + log 2 x 2 1+y 2
log2 x = y. , y1 = 1, logn (n + 1) > logn + 1 (n + 2).
y2 = 3
--- . 11. ( ),
2
3
---
2 log4 9 > log9 25.
: x1 = 2, x2 = 2 .
2
2 0,6 ---
3
:
1. 1: ) --- ; ) (1,4)0,6; ) ( 0,8 ) ;
3 12. ) 3x 5 = 7; ) 3|3x 4| = 92x 2;
) (1,5)0,1; ) (0,4)0,3; ) (0,7)0,4? ) 7x + 2 1
--- 7x + 1 14 7x 1 + 2 7x = 48;
7
2. 1: ) (4,8)0,8; ) ( 0, ( 3 ) ) 2 ; ) ( 3 )0,43;
x+5 x + 17
------------- ----------------
2, 1 3, 1 x3
) e0,75; ) --- ; ) --- 3x 1 ) 32 x 7 = 0,25 128
2
? ) 22x 3 = 4 x ; ;
2 7
1 3
3. (x y) : --- 2 ---------------
x ln e log 3 x 1
) (0,8)x > (0,8)y; ) (1,5)x < (1,5)y; ) 4 = ------------
-; ) 2 = ------ .
2 64
x
1 y
) (7,1)x > (7,1)y; ) 1
--- < --- , x, y R? 13. ) 3
4 + log 5
x
=1
--- ;
5 5 3
4. 2300 3200? ) 73x + 9 52x = 52x + 9 73x;
: 1 3
x + --- x + ---
2
) 9x 2 2 =2 32x 1;
5. ) 25 log 5 3 ; ) eln ln3; ) ln ab ln |b|;
1 1
--------------- ---
log 3 2 x3 x x
) loga b2 + log a 2 b4 ; ) 2 . ) 2 4 ( 0, 125 ) = 43 2 ;
x+1
log 25
2
6. ) ------------------ ; ) log3 5 log4 9 log5 2; ) 4 3 ( 0,125 ) x 3 = 2 ;
log 2 5
x x x x
--- ---
2
4 3 --4- + ---
3 4 7
) log 0,5 4 ; ) a log a b
b log b a
. ) ( 5 27 ) = 3 .

7. :
14. ) 4 x
2 +2 9 2x
2 +2 + 8 = 0;
) log30 8, log30 3 = c, log30 5 = d;
) log9 40, lg 15 = c, log20 50 = d; ) 9 x
2 1 36 3 x
2 3 + 3 = 0;
) lg (0,175)4,
lg l96 = c, lg 56 = d.
) ( 5 3 )x + ( 10 3 )x 10 = 84;
8. , a = log12 18, b = log24 54,
ab + 5(a b) = 1. ) 4 x + x2 2 5 2x 1 + x2 2 = 6.

44 45
- 9. He ,
, -
log 2 24 log 2 192
, ------------------ ---------------------- .
log 96 2 log 12 2
log2 x:
log 2 4x 3 log 2 4 + log 2 x 3 2+y 3
log2 x ------------------
- = --- , log2 x ------------------------------------- = --- , y ------------- = --- , 10. , n > 1 -
log 2 2x 2 log 2 2 + log 2 x 2 1+y 2
log2 x = y. , y1 = 1, logn (n + 1) > logn + 1 (n + 2).
y2 = 3
--- . 11. ( ),
2
3
---
2 log4 9 > log9 25.
: x1 = 2, x2 = 2 .
2
2 0,6 ---
3
:
1. 1: ) --- ; ) (1,4)0,6; ) ( 0,8 ) ;
3 12. ) 3x 5 = 7; ) 3|3x 4| = 92x 2;
) (1,5)0,1; ) (0,4)0,3; ) (0,7)0,4? ) 7x + 2 1
--- 7x + 1 14 7x 1 + 2 7x = 48;
7
2. 1: ) (4,8)0,8; ) ( 0, ( 3 ) ) 2 ; ) ( 3 )0,43;
x+5 x + 17
------------- ----------------
2, 1 3, 1 x3
) e0,75; ) --- ; ) --- 3x 1 ) 32 x 7 = 0,25 128
2
? ) 22x 3 = 4 x ; ;
2 7
1 3
3. (x y) : --- 2 ---------------
x ln e log 3 x 1
) (0,8)x > (0,8)y; ) (1,5)x < (1,5)y; ) 4 = ------------
-; ) 2 = ------ .
2 64
x
1 y
) (7,1)x > (7,1)y; ) 1
--- < --- , x, y R? 13. ) 3
4 + log 5
x
=1
--- ;
5 5 3
4. 2300 3200? ) 73x + 9 52x = 52x + 9 73x;
: 1 3
x + --- x + ---
2
) 9x 2 2 =2 32x 1;
5. ) 25 log 5 3 ; ) eln ln3; ) ln ab ln |b|;
1 1
--------------- ---
log 3 2 x3 x x
) loga b2 + log a 2 b4 ; ) 2 . ) 2 4 ( 0, 125 ) = 43 2 ;
x+1
log 25
2
6. ) ------------------ ; ) log3 5 log4 9 log5 2; ) 4 3 ( 0,125 ) x 3 = 2 ;
log 2 5
x x x x
--- ---
2
4 3 --4- + ---
3 4 7
) log 0,5 4 ; ) a log a b
b log b a
. ) ( 5 27 ) = 3 .

7. :
14. ) 4 x
2 +2 9 2x
2 +2 + 8 = 0;
) log30 8, log30 3 = c, log30 5 = d;
) log9 40, lg 15 = c, log20 50 = d; ) 9 x
2 1 36 3 x
2 3 + 3 = 0;
) lg (0,175)4,
lg l96 = c, lg 56 = d.
) ( 5 3 )x + ( 10 3 )x 10 = 84;
8. , a = log12 18, b = log24 54,
ab + 5(a b) = 1. ) 4 x + x2 2 5 2x 1 + x2 2 = 6.

44 45
15. a) 4x + 1,5 + 9x = 6x + 1; 23. a) lg (10x2) lg x = 1;
) 25 2x x2 +1 + 9 2x x2 +1 = 34 15 2x x2 ; log x 1
2 2
) ------------------------
- = 2 log2 x + 3 log 2 x;
x
) 2 2x 2 +2 x2 + 2x + 2 = 25 + 4x; log 2 ---
2
) ( 5 2 7 )x + 6 ( 5 2 + 7 )x = 7. ) 2 log9 x + 9 logx 3 = 10;
2 2 +x+6 2
16. a) 3 2x 2 3 x + 32(x + 6) = 0; ) logx (125x) log 25 x = 1.
) x2 2 2x + 1 1 + 2x = 2 2x + 1 + 1 + x2 2x 2.
5 + logx 5x = 9
2
24. a) logx --- + log x 5;
log 64 ( x 3 ) + log 2 5 log x ( 1 x ) 2 4
17. ) 4 = 50; ) x = 9.
) lg (lg x) + lg (lg x3 2) = 0;
18. log3 (x2 + 4x + 12) = 2.
) log3x + 7 (9 + 12x + 4x2) = 4 log2x + 3 (6x2 + 23x + 21);
19. a) log3 x + log9 x + log27 x = 5,5;
) log2 (3 x) + log2 (1 x) = 3; ) lg2 (4 x) + lg (4 x) lg x + 1 1
--- 2 lg2 x + --- = 0.
2 2
) lg (x 3) + lg (x + 6) = lg 2 + lg 5;
) lg (x 4) + lg (x + 3) = lg (5x + 4); 25. a) (x2 logx 27) log9 x = x + 4;
) ln (x3 + 1) 0,5 ln (x2 + 2x + 1) = ln 3;
) logx 2 log4 x + 7
--- = 0;
e) log5 (x 2) + 2 log5 (x3 2) + log5 (x 2)1 = 4, 6

) 2 log3 (x 2) + log3 (x 4)2 = 0. ) log0,5x x2 14 log16x x3 + 40 log4x x = 0;


20. a) log2 (x + 2)2 + log2 (x + 10)2 = 4 log2 3; ) 4 log x x + 2 log4x x2 = 3 log2x x3;
---
2 3x 7
) log2 x
2
------------- 1 = log2 ----------------- .
x1 3x 1
) log3x --3- + log 3 x = 1;
2
x
7 x1
) 2 log2 x
------------- + log2 ------------- = 1;
x1 x+1 e) ( log 1 10) lg (x2 3x + 2) = (lg (x 3)) log 1 10 2.
----------------- -----------------
1+x 1+x
) log3 (5x 2) 2 log3 3x + 1 = 1 log3 4;

) lg(3x 2) 2 = 1 log ( 2a x ) log x 1


--- lg (x + 2) lg 50; x
26. a) --------------------------------- a
- + --------------- = ------------------------ ;
2 log x 2 log a 2 log 2 2
a 1

e) lg2
4
1 + --4- + lg2 1 ------------ 2
- = 2 lg2 ------------- 1 . log a
x x+4 x1 2
a x
- + logax a log 1 2x = 0.
) ----------------------
log 2x a ---
21. ) log2 x4 + loga x2 = 1; a

) log2 (x 1) log 2
x + 3 = log8 (x a)3 + log 1 (x 3); 27. a) 1 + log 0,04 x + 3 + log 0,2 x = 1;
---
2
12
) log2 (6x2 + 25x) = 1 + log2 (ax + 4a 2). ) 2 log x 9 = --------------
-;
log 3 x
22. a) log3 x log4 x log5 x =
= log3 x log4 x + log4 x log5 x + log5 x log3 x; ) logx (x2 + l) = log x
(x2(1 + x2)) + 4 ;

x3
) log3 --3- log2 x log3 ------ 1
- = --- + log2 x. ) log 2 x 0,5 = log2 x.
x 3 2

46 47
15. a) 4x + 1,5 + 9x = 6x + 1; 23. a) lg (10x2) lg x = 1;
) 25 2x x2 +1 + 9 2x x2 +1 = 34 15 2x x2 ; log x 1
2 2
) ------------------------
- = 2 log2 x + 3 log 2 x;
x
) 2 2x 2 +2 x2 + 2x + 2 = 25 + 4x; log 2 ---
2
) ( 5 2 7 )x + 6 ( 5 2 + 7 )x = 7. ) 2 log9 x + 9 logx 3 = 10;
2 2 +x+6 2
16. a) 3 2x 2 3 x + 32(x + 6) = 0; ) logx (125x) log 25 x = 1.
) x2 2 2x + 1 1 + 2x = 2 2x + 1 + 1 + x2 2x 2.
5 + logx 5x = 9
2
24. a) logx --- + log x 5;
log 64 ( x 3 ) + log 2 5 log x ( 1 x ) 2 4
17. ) 4 = 50; ) x = 9.
) lg (lg x) + lg (lg x3 2) = 0;
18. log3 (x2 + 4x + 12) = 2.
) log3x + 7 (9 + 12x + 4x2) = 4 log2x + 3 (6x2 + 23x + 21);
19. a) log3 x + log9 x + log27 x = 5,5;
) log2 (3 x) + log2 (1 x) = 3; ) lg2 (4 x) + lg (4 x) lg x + 1 1
--- 2 lg2 x + --- = 0.
2 2
) lg (x 3) + lg (x + 6) = lg 2 + lg 5;
) lg (x 4) + lg (x + 3) = lg (5x + 4); 25. a) (x2 logx 27) log9 x = x + 4;
) ln (x3 + 1) 0,5 ln (x2 + 2x + 1) = ln 3;
) logx 2 log4 x + 7
--- = 0;
e) log5 (x 2) + 2 log5 (x3 2) + log5 (x 2)1 = 4, 6

) 2 log3 (x 2) + log3 (x 4)2 = 0. ) log0,5x x2 14 log16x x3 + 40 log4x x = 0;


20. a) log2 (x + 2)2 + log2 (x + 10)2 = 4 log2 3; ) 4 log x x + 2 log4x x2 = 3 log2x x3;
---
2 3x 7
) log2 x
2
------------- 1 = log2 ----------------- .
x1 3x 1
) log3x --3- + log 3 x = 1;
2
x
7 x1
) 2 log2 x
------------- + log2 ------------- = 1;
x1 x+1 e) ( log 1 10) lg (x2 3x + 2) = (lg (x 3)) log 1 10 2.
----------------- -----------------
1+x 1+x
) log3 (5x 2) 2 log3 3x + 1 = 1 log3 4;

) lg(3x 2) 2 = 1 log ( 2a x ) log x 1


--- lg (x + 2) lg 50; x
26. a) --------------------------------- a
- + --------------- = ------------------------ ;
2 log x 2 log a 2 log 2 2
a 1

e) lg2
4
1 + --4- + lg2 1 ------------ 2
- = 2 lg2 ------------- 1 . log a
x x+4 x1 2
a x
- + logax a log 1 2x = 0.
) ----------------------
log 2x a ---
21. ) log2 x4 + loga x2 = 1; a

) log2 (x 1) log 2
x + 3 = log8 (x a)3 + log 1 (x 3); 27. a) 1 + log 0,04 x + 3 + log 0,2 x = 1;
---
2
12
) log2 (6x2 + 25x) = 1 + log2 (ax + 4a 2). ) 2 log x 9 = --------------
-;
log 3 x
22. a) log3 x log4 x log5 x =
= log3 x log4 x + log4 x log5 x + log5 x log3 x; ) logx (x2 + l) = log x
(x2(1 + x2)) + 4 ;

x3
) log3 --3- log2 x log3 ------ 1
- = --- + log2 x. ) log 2 x 0,5 = log2 x.
x 3 2

46 47
x :
28. a) lg (3x 24 x) = 2 + 1
--- lg 16 --- lg 4;
4 2 log a 2 x log a 4 y = 3,
4x + y = 128,
39. ) )
) log3 log9 x + 1
--- + 9x = 2x; 53x 2y 3 = 1; log a 6 x + log a 8 y = 4;
2

2x + y 1 + 2x y + 1 = 3,
) log3 3 x 13x + 28 + 2
--- = log5 0,2.
2

9 ) 1
--- 3 x log 3 2 + ylog 3 2 2 + 3 x log 3 2 y log3 2 2 = 1
--- .
7 7
29. a) lg 2 + lg (4x 2 + 9) = 1 + lg (2x 2 + 1);
) lg (6 5x + 25 20x) = x + lg 5. 1 + lg (x + y) = 50, x log x 2 = log3 (x + y),
40. ) 10 )
30. a) log (4x 6) log5 (2x 2)2 = 2; lg (x y) + lg (x + y) = 2 lg 5; x2 + y2 = 65.
5

) x(1 lg 5) = lg (4x 12); log2 (x + y) log3 (x y) = 1, (3y2 + 1) log3 x = 1,


41. ) )
) log2 (4x + 1) = x + log2 (2x + 3 6); x2 y2 = 2; x 2y
2 + 10 = 27.
) log3 (9x + 9) = x log 1 (28 2 3x);
--- log4 x + log4 y = 1 + log4 9, lg x + lg y = 2,
3 42. ) ) x y = 15;
8
- 1 = x 2;
) log2 ----- x + y = 20;
2x
1 x 1 x log3 x + log3 y = 2 + log3 2, 4y log2 x = 4,
e) log 1 2 --- 1- = log 1 --- 4- . ) )
--- 2 --- 4 log3 (x + y) = 2; log2 x + 22y = 4.
3 3
lgx + 5 y + lg x = 1,
------------------- xlg y = 2,
31. a) (x + 1)lg (x + 1) = 100 (x + 1); ) x 3 = 105 + lg x; 43. ) )
xy = 0,01; xy = 20;
) 3lg x = 54 xlg 3; ) log2 (9 2x) = 10lg (3 x).
2x 8y = 2 2 ,
32. x 1 lg
2x lgx 2 = |x 1|3. )
log9 --1- + 0,5 = 1
--- log3 9y;
x 2
33. ( 3 x2 7,2x + 3,9 9 3 ) lg (7 x) = 0.
1
log x ( 3x 2 ) log x ( 3x 2 ) log ( 3x 2 ) (loga (xy) 2) loga 4
--- = 1,
34. 3 2 +2 3 =5 6 x2 . 9
)
x + y = 5a.
35. 1 log 1 x + 2 = 3 log 1 x .
--- ---
5 5 2(logy x + logx y) = 5, logx y + logy x = 2,5,
44. ) )
xy = 8; x + y = a2 + a.
36. log4 (6 + x | x 2|) = 1
--- + log2 | x | x 2||.
2
x2 y2
37. a) 5x + 12x = 13x; ) 3x + 4x + 5x = 6x; ------ + ------ = 28, log2 y = log4 (xy 2),
y x
) 2x = 1 x; ) log2 (4 x) = x 3. 45. ) )
log9 x + log 1 y = 1,5; log9 x2 = log3 (x y) = 1.
---
9
38. , x = 9
8ax x 3y
log (x2 + 15a2) log (a 2) = log ------------- . 2x
2 +y = 4(y
2 + x) 2 , --- -------
a2 46. ) ) 4y x = 16,
xy = 2; x 2y = 12 8.
.

48 49
x :
28. a) lg (3x 24 x) = 2 + 1
--- lg 16 --- lg 4;
4 2 log a 2 x log a 4 y = 3,
4x + y = 128,
39. ) )
) log3 log9 x + 1
--- + 9x = 2x; 53x 2y 3 = 1; log a 6 x + log a 8 y = 4;
2

2x + y 1 + 2x y + 1 = 3,
) log3 3 x 13x + 28 + 2
--- = log5 0,2.
2

9 ) 1
--- 3 x log 3 2 + ylog 3 2 2 + 3 x log 3 2 y log3 2 2 = 1
--- .
7 7
29. a) lg 2 + lg (4x 2 + 9) = 1 + lg (2x 2 + 1);
) lg (6 5x + 25 20x) = x + lg 5. 1 + lg (x + y) = 50, x log x 2 = log3 (x + y),
40. ) 10 )
30. a) log (4x 6) log5 (2x 2)2 = 2; lg (x y) + lg (x + y) = 2 lg 5; x2 + y2 = 65.
5

) x(1 lg 5) = lg (4x 12); log2 (x + y) log3 (x y) = 1, (3y2 + 1) log3 x = 1,


41. ) )
) log2 (4x + 1) = x + log2 (2x + 3 6); x2 y2 = 2; x 2y
2 + 10 = 27.
) log3 (9x + 9) = x log 1 (28 2 3x);
--- log4 x + log4 y = 1 + log4 9, lg x + lg y = 2,
3 42. ) ) x y = 15;
8
- 1 = x 2;
) log2 ----- x + y = 20;
2x
1 x 1 x log3 x + log3 y = 2 + log3 2, 4y log2 x = 4,
e) log 1 2 --- 1- = log 1 --- 4- . ) )
--- 2 --- 4 log3 (x + y) = 2; log2 x + 22y = 4.
3 3
lgx + 5 y + lg x = 1,
------------------- xlg y = 2,
31. a) (x + 1)lg (x + 1) = 100 (x + 1); ) x 3 = 105 + lg x; 43. ) )
xy = 0,01; xy = 20;
) 3lg x = 54 xlg 3; ) log2 (9 2x) = 10lg (3 x).
2x 8y = 2 2 ,
32. x 1 lg
2x lgx 2 = |x 1|3. )
log9 --1- + 0,5 = 1
--- log3 9y;
x 2
33. ( 3 x2 7,2x + 3,9 9 3 ) lg (7 x) = 0.
1
log x ( 3x 2 ) log x ( 3x 2 ) log ( 3x 2 ) (loga (xy) 2) loga 4
--- = 1,
34. 3 2 +2 3 =5 6 x2 . 9
)
x + y = 5a.
35. 1 log 1 x + 2 = 3 log 1 x .
--- ---
5 5 2(logy x + logx y) = 5, logx y + logy x = 2,5,
44. ) )
xy = 8; x + y = a2 + a.
36. log4 (6 + x | x 2|) = 1
--- + log2 | x | x 2||.
2
x2 y2
37. a) 5x + 12x = 13x; ) 3x + 4x + 5x = 6x; ------ + ------ = 28, log2 y = log4 (xy 2),
y x
) 2x = 1 x; ) log2 (4 x) = x 3. 45. ) )
log9 x + log 1 y = 1,5; log9 x2 = log3 (x y) = 1.
---
9
38. , x = 9
8ax x 3y
log (x2 + 15a2) log (a 2) = log ------------- . 2x
2 +y = 4(y
2 + x) 2 , --- -------
a2 46. ) ) 4y x = 16,
xy = 2; x 2y = 12 8.
.

48 49
3. a x x < a2.
2
x + y = 4 + y2 + 2 ,
47. : 1) a > 1; 2) 0 < a < 1; 3) a = 1
lg x 2 lg 2 = lg (1 + 0,5y).
( -
log3 (log2 x) + log 1 ( log 1 y) = 1, ).
--- ---
48. 3 2 1. a > 1. -
xy2 = 4. x2 x < 2, 1 < x < 2.
2. 0 < a < 1.
x
1y -------
2y
x2 x > 2, x < 1, x > 2.
--- 9 = 9 ,
3. a = 1. 1 x x < 12, . . x .
2
49. 3
x + 3y 2x : a > 1, x (1; 2);
----------------- = ------- 4.
x y 0 < a < 1, x (; 1) c (2; +);
a = 1, x .

log a x
2. 4. x < a2x.
: 1) a > 1; 2) 0 < a < 1.
1. a > 1,
. - . -
af(x) > b, a > 0. a > 1,

1. b m 0, x D(f). log a x loga x 2 < 0 1 < loga x < 2 1


2
--- < x < a2.
2. b > 0, a > 1, f(x) > loga b. a
3. b > 0, 0 < a < 1, f(x) < loga b.
2. 0 < a < 1, ,
4. a = 1, x D(f) b < 1; x b l 1. -
. 0 < a < 1, -
1. 2 22x 5 2x + 2 m 0.
2x = t, - 0 < x < a2 ,
loga x < 1,
log a2 x loga x 2 > 0
loga x > 2, x> 1--- .
a
2t2 5t + 2 m 0 2 t 1 1
--- (t 2) m 0, . . --- m 2x m 2, 1 m x m 1.
2 2
: a > 1, x 1
--- ; a2 ;
: x [1; 1]. a

0 < a < 1, x (0; a2) c 1


--- ; + .
2. 9x 2 3x 3 > 0. a
3x = t,
. -
t2 2t 3 > 0 (t 3)(t + 1) > 0 , y = loga x
t < 1, (a > 0, a 1, x > 0) a > 1 0 < a < 1.
t > 3, 3x < 1, x 3x > 3, x > 1.

: x (1; +). loga f(x) > loga (x)

50 51
3. a x x < a2.
2
x + y = 4 + y2 + 2 ,
47. : 1) a > 1; 2) 0 < a < 1; 3) a = 1
lg x 2 lg 2 = lg (1 + 0,5y).
( -
log3 (log2 x) + log 1 ( log 1 y) = 1, ).
--- ---
48. 3 2 1. a > 1. -
xy2 = 4. x2 x < 2, 1 < x < 2.
2. 0 < a < 1.
x
1y -------
2y
x2 x > 2, x < 1, x > 2.
--- 9 = 9 ,
3. a = 1. 1 x x < 12, . . x .
2
49. 3
x + 3y 2x : a > 1, x (1; 2);
----------------- = ------- 4.
x y 0 < a < 1, x (; 1) c (2; +);
a = 1, x .

log a x
2. 4. x < a2x.
: 1) a > 1; 2) 0 < a < 1.
1. a > 1,
. - . -
af(x) > b, a > 0. a > 1,

1. b m 0, x D(f). log a x loga x 2 < 0 1 < loga x < 2 1


2
--- < x < a2.
2. b > 0, a > 1, f(x) > loga b. a
3. b > 0, 0 < a < 1, f(x) < loga b.
2. 0 < a < 1, ,
4. a = 1, x D(f) b < 1; x b l 1. -
. 0 < a < 1, -
1. 2 22x 5 2x + 2 m 0.
2x = t, - 0 < x < a2 ,
loga x < 1,
log a2 x loga x 2 > 0
loga x > 2, x> 1--- .
a
2t2 5t + 2 m 0 2 t 1 1
--- (t 2) m 0, . . --- m 2x m 2, 1 m x m 1.
2 2
: a > 1, x 1
--- ; a2 ;
: x [1; 1]. a

0 < a < 1, x (0; a2) c 1


--- ; + .
2. 9x 2 3x 3 > 0. a
3x = t,
. -
t2 2t 3 > 0 (t 3)(t + 1) > 0 , y = loga x
t < 1, (a > 0, a 1, x > 0) a > 1 0 < a < 1.
t > 3, 3x < 1, x 3x > 3, x > 1.

: x (1; +). loga f(x) > loga (x)

50 51
a > 1 8. log3x + 4 x2 < 1.
f(x) > (x), ,
(x) > 0,

0 < a < 1 x2 > 0,


3x + 4 > 0, x 4
--- ; 1 c (1; 0) c (0; +).
f(x) < (x), 3
3x + 4 1
f(x) > 0.
: 1) 0 < 3x + 4 < 1; 2) 3x + 4 > 1.
5. log3 (x2 2x) < 1. 1. 0 < 3x + 4 < 1,

(x 3)(x + 1) < 0, x > 4--- ,


x2 2x < 3, 1 < x < 0, 0 < 3x + 4 < 1, 3
2
x(x 2) > 0
2 < x < 3. x 4
--- ; 1 .
x 2x > 0 x2 > 3x + 4 x < 1, 3
(x + 1)(x 4) < 0
: x (1; 0) c (2; 3).
2. 3x + 4 > 1, -
6.
log 1 (x2 + x + 2) < log 1 (2x2 18). 3x + 4 > 1, x > 1,
--- ---
3 3
x2 < 3x + 4, 1 < x < 4, x (1; 0) c (0; 4).
x0 x0

x2 + x + 2 > 2x2 18,



x2 x 20 < 0,
: x 4
--- ; 1 c (1; 0) c (0; 4).
2 (x 3)(x + 3) > 0 3
2x 18 > 0

(x 5)(x + 4) < 0, 4 < x < 3, :


(x 3)(x + 3) > 0 3 < x < 5.
1. a) lg (x2 2x 2) m 0; ) log5 (x2 11x + 43) < 2;
8
: x (4; 3) c (3; 5). ) 2 log2 (x2 + 3x) l 0; ) log1,5 2x
----------------- < 0.
x2
+ 2x +2
7. log2 log 1 (2 x) < 2. 2. ) log3 1
----------------- < 1; ) log4 3x
----------------- m 0,5;
--- 1+x x
2
2
x 4x + 2
) log 2 4x
2 3 1
- m 1;
) log2 ----------------------------- ----------------- > --- .
x+1 4 3x 2
log 1 (2 x) < 4, 1
2 x > ------ , 3. ) log 1 (2x2 + 5x + l) < 0; ) log 1 (x2 + 2x) > 0;
--- 16
2 --- ---
1 < x < 31
------ . 5 5
log 1 (2 x) > 0 2 x < 1, 16
1
---
2 2x>0 ) log 1 (x2 4x + 6) < 2; ) log 1 3x
----------------- < 1;
--- --- x + 2
2 3
2
: x -1; 31
------ . 35 x 1
- l --- .
) log0,25 ------------------
16 x 2

52 53
a > 1 8. log3x + 4 x2 < 1.
f(x) > (x), ,
(x) > 0,

0 < a < 1 x2 > 0,


3x + 4 > 0, x 4
--- ; 1 c (1; 0) c (0; +).
f(x) < (x), 3
3x + 4 1
f(x) > 0.
: 1) 0 < 3x + 4 < 1; 2) 3x + 4 > 1.
5. log3 (x2 2x) < 1. 1. 0 < 3x + 4 < 1,

(x 3)(x + 1) < 0, x > 4--- ,


x2 2x < 3, 1 < x < 0, 0 < 3x + 4 < 1, 3
2
x(x 2) > 0
2 < x < 3. x 4
--- ; 1 .
x 2x > 0 x2 > 3x + 4 x < 1, 3
(x + 1)(x 4) < 0
: x (1; 0) c (2; 3).
2. 3x + 4 > 1, -
6.
log 1 (x2 + x + 2) < log 1 (2x2 18). 3x + 4 > 1, x > 1,
--- ---
3 3
x2 < 3x + 4, 1 < x < 4, x (1; 0) c (0; 4).
x0 x0

x2 + x + 2 > 2x2 18,



x2 x 20 < 0,
: x 4
--- ; 1 c (1; 0) c (0; 4).
2 (x 3)(x + 3) > 0 3
2x 18 > 0

(x 5)(x + 4) < 0, 4 < x < 3, :


(x 3)(x + 3) > 0 3 < x < 5.
1. a) lg (x2 2x 2) m 0; ) log5 (x2 11x + 43) < 2;
8
: x (4; 3) c (3; 5). ) 2 log2 (x2 + 3x) l 0; ) log1,5 2x
----------------- < 0.
x2
+ 2x +2
7. log2 log 1 (2 x) < 2. 2. ) log3 1
----------------- < 1; ) log4 3x
----------------- m 0,5;
--- 1+x x
2
2
x 4x + 2
) log 2 4x
2 3 1
- m 1;
) log2 ----------------------------- ----------------- > --- .
x+1 4 3x 2
log 1 (2 x) < 4, 1
2 x > ------ , 3. ) log 1 (2x2 + 5x + l) < 0; ) log 1 (x2 + 2x) > 0;
--- 16
2 --- ---
1 < x < 31
------ . 5 5
log 1 (2 x) > 0 2 x < 1, 16
1
---
2 2x>0 ) log 1 (x2 4x + 6) < 2; ) log 1 3x
----------------- < 1;
--- --- x + 2
2 3
2
: x -1; 31
------ . 35 x 1
- l --- .
) log0,25 ------------------
16 x 2

52 53
4. ) log5 (2x 4) < log5 (x + 3); 2 2
) (2 log 3 x 3 log3 x 8) (2 log 3 x 3 log3 x ) l 3;
) log0,1 (x2 + x 2) > log0,1 (x + 3); 2 2
e) ( log 2 x + 3 log2 x + 1)( log 2 x + 3 log2 x 3) < 5;
2
) lg x 3x + 4 lg x + 1 > 0; 1 ( log 2 x ) 2 2 + log x
) ( 1,25 ) < ( 0,64 )
2
) log 1 (x + 1) m log2 (2 x); .
--- 2x + 3
2 1
9. ) 22x + 1 21 --- + 2 l 0; ) 0,1x + 1 < 0,8 + 2 10x;
2 + 6x + 9 2
) log 1 x------------------------------ < log2 (x + 1).
--- 2 ( x + 1 ) ) 2x + 2x < 3; ) 34 3x 35 33x 2 + 6 l 0;
2
6 2 +5
- < 2x;
) --------------- ) 3lg x + 2 < 3 lg x 2;
5. ) lg (x 2) + lg (27 x) < 2; 2 1
x

) lg (x 1) + lg (x 2) < lg (x + 2); 2
1 lgx
) log2 (2 x) + log 1 (x 1) > log 2 3; ) --- + 2 > 3 2lg (x).
2
---
2
10. a) log2 (4x 5 2x + 2) > 2; ) log 1 (6x + 1 36x) l 2;
) log 1 (2x + 5) log 1 (16 x2) m 1; -------
--- --- 5
5 5
2 2
) log 2
(5x 1) log 2 ---------------
x
- > 2;
5 1
6. ) log2 1 + --1- + log 1 1 + x
--- l 1;
x 4
) lg (1 + 2x + 1) > (------------------------------
x lg 2 )lg 4
---
2 - + lg 3.
lg 8
) log7 x log7 (2x 5) m log7 2 log7 (x 3);
3 2x
) log 1 (x 1) + log 1 (x + 1) + log (5 x) < 1; 11. a) log 2 ----------------- < 1; ) log 3 ( 9x 3 ) m log3 x 1
--- ;
--- --- 3 1x 3
3 3
x x
) 1g2 x2 + lg2 (x 1)2 > 2. ) 9 + 3 2 l 9 3 x.
3x + 6
log 1 log 2 ----------------
2
-
2 ---
3 x +2
3 6x + 10 x 12. a) log 1 (log4 (x2 5)) > 0; ) 0,3 > 1.
7. a) 2x > 5; ) --- < 27
------ ; ---
4 64 3

log2 ( x 2 2x 3 ) log 2 ( x 2 3x + 2 ) 13. a) log 4 ( x + 3 x) > 0;


) ( 0,5 ) > 1; ) 3 > 3; ---
3
x2
log 3 ------------- 16 x
+ 2x ) log 1 ( 5 x x + 1) > 3.
2
x 1 x 1
) 5 < 1; ) --- < --- ; ---
3 9 2

log 2 x 2 ( lgx ) 2 3 lgx + 1


>x
) 3 x > 2a. 14. a) x --- ; ) x > 1000;
4
1 log 4 x 1
8. ) lg2 x + 3 lg x 4 l 0; - m --- ;
) ------------------------ ) x
log 2 x
l 2.
1 + log 2 x 2
15. ) loga (x 1) + loga x > 2;
) log 1 x > logx 3 5
--- ; 1 2
--- 2 - + ------------------------- < 1, 0 < a < 1;
) ------------------------
3 5 log a x 1 + loga x
5 2
) (log2 x)4 log 1 x 3log x + 6
------ 20 log2 x + 148 < 0; a
) ----------------------------
- > 1; ) loga (1 8ax) l 2(1 x).
--- 4 log a x + 2
2
2

54 55
4. ) log5 (2x 4) < log5 (x + 3); 2 2
) (2 log 3 x 3 log3 x 8) (2 log 3 x 3 log3 x ) l 3;
) log0,1 (x2 + x 2) > log0,1 (x + 3); 2 2
e) ( log 2 x + 3 log2 x + 1)( log 2 x + 3 log2 x 3) < 5;
2
) lg x 3x + 4 lg x + 1 > 0; 1 ( log 2 x ) 2 2 + log x
) ( 1,25 ) < ( 0,64 )
2
) log 1 (x + 1) m log2 (2 x); .
--- 2x + 3
2 1
9. ) 22x + 1 21 --- + 2 l 0; ) 0,1x + 1 < 0,8 + 2 10x;
2 + 6x + 9 2
) log 1 x------------------------------ < log2 (x + 1).
--- 2 ( x + 1 ) ) 2x + 2x < 3; ) 34 3x 35 33x 2 + 6 l 0;
2
6 2 +5
- < 2x;
) --------------- ) 3lg x + 2 < 3 lg x 2;
5. ) lg (x 2) + lg (27 x) < 2; 2 1
x

) lg (x 1) + lg (x 2) < lg (x + 2); 2
1 lgx
) log2 (2 x) + log 1 (x 1) > log 2 3; ) --- + 2 > 3 2lg (x).
2
---
2
10. a) log2 (4x 5 2x + 2) > 2; ) log 1 (6x + 1 36x) l 2;
) log 1 (2x + 5) log 1 (16 x2) m 1; -------
--- --- 5
5 5
2 2
) log 2
(5x 1) log 2 ---------------
x
- > 2;
5 1
6. ) log2 1 + --1- + log 1 1 + x
--- l 1;
x 4
) lg (1 + 2x + 1) > (------------------------------
x lg 2 )lg 4
---
2 - + lg 3.
lg 8
) log7 x log7 (2x 5) m log7 2 log7 (x 3);
3 2x
) log 1 (x 1) + log 1 (x + 1) + log (5 x) < 1; 11. a) log 2 ----------------- < 1; ) log 3 ( 9x 3 ) m log3 x 1
--- ;
--- --- 3 1x 3
3 3
x x
) 1g2 x2 + lg2 (x 1)2 > 2. ) 9 + 3 2 l 9 3 x.
3x + 6
log 1 log 2 ----------------
2
-
2 ---
3 x +2
3 6x + 10 x 12. a) log 1 (log4 (x2 5)) > 0; ) 0,3 > 1.
7. a) 2x > 5; ) --- < 27
------ ; ---
4 64 3

log2 ( x 2 2x 3 ) log 2 ( x 2 3x + 2 ) 13. a) log 4 ( x + 3 x) > 0;


) ( 0,5 ) > 1; ) 3 > 3; ---
3
x2
log 3 ------------- 16 x
+ 2x ) log 1 ( 5 x x + 1) > 3.
2
x 1 x 1
) 5 < 1; ) --- < --- ; ---
3 9 2

log 2 x 2 ( lgx ) 2 3 lgx + 1


>x
) 3 x > 2a. 14. a) x --- ; ) x > 1000;
4
1 log 4 x 1
8. ) lg2 x + 3 lg x 4 l 0; - m --- ;
) ------------------------ ) x
log 2 x
l 2.
1 + log 2 x 2
15. ) loga (x 1) + loga x > 2;
) log 1 x > logx 3 5
--- ; 1 2
--- 2 - + ------------------------- < 1, 0 < a < 1;
) ------------------------
3 5 log a x 1 + loga x
5 2
) (log2 x)4 log 1 x 3log x + 6
------ 20 log2 x + 148 < 0; a
) ----------------------------
- > 1; ) loga (1 8ax) l 2(1 x).
--- 4 log a x + 2
2
2

54 55
16. ) logx 3 (x 1) < 2; ) logx (x + 2) > 2. 3. ,

17. ) log2x (x2 5x + 6) < 1; ) logx + 3 (x2 x)< 1;
) log3x + 5 (9x2 + 8x + 2) > 2; ) log2x + 4 (x2 + 1) m 1; 1. ,
15 x x x x
) logx ----------------
- < 2. : ) y = 2
x2
; ) y = a +a a a
1 2x --------------------- ; ) y = --------------------
x
-;)y=
2 a +a
x

18. ) log x 2 (3 2x) > 1; ) log x 2 + 3x (x + 3) < 1. x


a +1 a 1
x
1+x 2
- ; ) y = x ---------------
= --------------- - ; ) y = ln ------------- ; ) y = log2 (x + x + 1 ).
x
a 1 a +1
x 1x
2 1 x l 0;
2
19. ) log 2 ) log (x2 10x + 22) > 0.
--- x 2 1
log 2 --- x 2. y = 3x
3 2
.
2
x x2 x 2 18x + 56 sin x
20. ) x < 1; ) log2 x
--- > 1. 3. y = ---
1
. -
2 2
log ( x 2 + 3 ) log (x 1) . -
- l 0;
5 0,3
21. ) --------------------------------
2
- < 0; ) --------------------------------- ?
4x 16x 2x x + 8
2
x x
e
log 0,5 x + 2 2 4. y = e-------------------
- .
3x 2x 1 2
) ----------------------------
- > 0; ) ---------------------------------
- < 0.
2x 1 log 3 ( x 1 )
:
22. ) 25 2x 10x + 5x > 25;
5. y = 3|x|. 6. y = log2 (1 x).
( log 5 x ) ( 2 log 3 x )
) log5 x + logx x
--- > --------------------------------------------------- ;
3 log 3 x 7. y = |log2 (1 x)|. 8. y = log2 (2 x)2.
1 1 ln x
- m ------------------------------ .
) ------------------------ 9. y = -------------
-. 10. y = x log x 2 .
x+1 log 4 ( x + 3 ) ln x
log 4 -------------
x+2 11. y = e|ln x|. 12. y = log2 (x2 2x).
:
x .
13. y = log2 ------------ 14. y = log2 sin x.
-
x1
(x 8)(2 x)
----------------------------------------------------------- l 0, 15. |y| = log2 (x).
10
23. log 0,3 ------ ( log 2 5 1 )
7 H :
x
2x 3 31 > 0. 16. ) y = 3x; ) y = 10x;
1
) y = --- ;
2
log 22 x 3log 2 x + 2 ) y = ex + ex; ) y = 2ex 2ex; ) y = 3x + 4x.
------------------------------------------------------- l 0,
1
24. log 5 --- ( log 3 5 1 ) 17. ) y = x 10x; ) y = xex; x
) y = ----
-;
3 x
e
x
x x 2 l 0. x x 3 5x 2 e
) y = 2 ; ) y = e ; ) y = ------------
-.
1+x
8 + log a x loga2 x
1
------ 1 18. ) y = log3 x; ) y = log2 x + log 1 x; ) y = log5 x;
81 > --- , ---
25. 3 3
0 < x < 1. ) y = log7 x5; ) y = x + ln x; ) y = x ln x.

56 57
16. ) logx 3 (x 1) < 2; ) logx (x + 2) > 2. 3. ,

17. ) log2x (x2 5x + 6) < 1; ) logx + 3 (x2 x)< 1;
) log3x + 5 (9x2 + 8x + 2) > 2; ) log2x + 4 (x2 + 1) m 1; 1. ,
15 x x x x
) logx ----------------
- < 2. : ) y = 2
x2
; ) y = a +a a a
1 2x --------------------- ; ) y = --------------------
x
-;)y=
2 a +a
x

18. ) log x 2 (3 2x) > 1; ) log x 2 + 3x (x + 3) < 1. x


a +1 a 1
x
1+x 2
- ; ) y = x ---------------
= --------------- - ; ) y = ln ------------- ; ) y = log2 (x + x + 1 ).
x
a 1 a +1
x 1x
2 1 x l 0;
2
19. ) log 2 ) log (x2 10x + 22) > 0.
--- x 2 1
log 2 --- x 2. y = 3x
3 2
.
2
x x2 x 2 18x + 56 sin x
20. ) x < 1; ) log2 x
--- > 1. 3. y = ---
1
. -
2 2
log ( x 2 + 3 ) log (x 1) . -
- l 0;
5 0,3
21. ) --------------------------------
2
- < 0; ) --------------------------------- ?
4x 16x 2x x + 8
2
x x
e
log 0,5 x + 2 2 4. y = e-------------------
- .
3x 2x 1 2
) ----------------------------
- > 0; ) ---------------------------------
- < 0.
2x 1 log 3 ( x 1 )
:
22. ) 25 2x 10x + 5x > 25;
5. y = 3|x|. 6. y = log2 (1 x).
( log 5 x ) ( 2 log 3 x )
) log5 x + logx x
--- > --------------------------------------------------- ;
3 log 3 x 7. y = |log2 (1 x)|. 8. y = log2 (2 x)2.
1 1 ln x
- m ------------------------------ .
) ------------------------ 9. y = -------------
-. 10. y = x log x 2 .
x+1 log 4 ( x + 3 ) ln x
log 4 -------------
x+2 11. y = e|ln x|. 12. y = log2 (x2 2x).
:
x .
13. y = log2 ------------ 14. y = log2 sin x.
-
x1
(x 8)(2 x)
----------------------------------------------------------- l 0, 15. |y| = log2 (x).
10
23. log 0,3 ------ ( log 2 5 1 )
7 H :
x
2x 3 31 > 0. 16. ) y = 3x; ) y = 10x;
1
) y = --- ;
2
log 22 x 3log 2 x + 2 ) y = ex + ex; ) y = 2ex 2ex; ) y = 3x + 4x.
------------------------------------------------------- l 0,
1
24. log 5 --- ( log 3 5 1 ) 17. ) y = x 10x; ) y = xex; x
) y = ----
-;
3 x
e
x
x x 2 l 0. x x 3 5x 2 e
) y = 2 ; ) y = e ; ) y = ------------
-.
1+x
8 + log a x loga2 x
1
------ 1 18. ) y = log3 x; ) y = log2 x + log 1 x; ) y = log5 x;
81 > --- , ---
25. 3 3
0 < x < 1. ) y = log7 x5; ) y = x + ln x; ) y = x ln x.

56 57
ln x ln x
) y = 1 2 2
19. ) y = ln2 x; ) y = ln x ; --------------------- ; ) y = ---------------
-. 30. x 2 x 1 + -------------------
- -
1 + ln x 1+x 2 2 2x + 2
20. x0 : ?
) y = 4x, x0 = 2; ) y = x, x0 = ln 3; 31. f(x) < g(x), :
) y = ln (x2 4x), x0 = 5; ) y = x ln2 x, x0= e. ) f(x) = x + 3 ln (x 2), g(x) = x + 5 ln (x 1);
21. K(x0; y0) - ) f(x) = e2x 3x, g(x) = 5(ex x + 3).
: ) y = ex, K(0; 1); ) y = ln x, K(1; 0). 32. , x (0; +) -
: : ) ex > 1 + x; ) x > ln (1 + x).
22. ) y = 2x x ln 2 + 1; ) y = x (x2 + 4x 1);
x x2 :
) y = x (x2 + 5x + 7); ) y = xe ;
) y = 2x + (6 2a)x + 6ax + ctg 3; 33. y = xex. 34. y = ln (x2 + 1).
1 x
) y = (0,2)2x + (2a + 2) --- (2a ln 5) x + ln 3; :
5
35. ) 25x 29 10x 1 + 4x = 0;
) y = e|x| 2x + 1.
) 32x + 1 + 4 16x = 7 12x;
23. a) y = ln (4x x2); ) y = ln2 x 6 ln x + 5;
) 27 4x 30 6x + 8 9x = 0;
) y = 4 ln 3 16 ln (x2 + 3x) + 0,5 (x2 + 3x)2.
) 7 49x + 1 210 21x + 3 9x + 1 = 0.
24.
2 log 5 4 log 5 x
1 3x 8x 36. ) 2 x +5 2 3 = 0;
f(x) = 0,3125 --- + 5 ln 2 (3x2 8x + 1).
2 log 2 9 log2 x
) 3 x +5 3 2 = 0;
25.
log 7 x log7 x
f(x) = x2 ln 27 6x ln 27 + (3x2 18x + 24) ln (x2 6x + 8). ) 25 x + 24 5 1 = 0;
log 3 49 log 3 ( x 1 )
26. : ) ( x 1 ) + 97 7 2 = 0.
) y = x ex + tg --- ; x
) y = ---------- ln 3
- ---------- ; ) y = (2x 1)(2x 2). x log 3 2
7 ln x 3 37. ) 2x 3 62 x + 3 = 0;
27. : x + log 2 6
) 5x + 1 2 = 2 10x 1 + 1;
) y = (x2 2x) ln x 3
--- x2 + 4x + 1; x + log 3 4 x + log2 9
2
) 3 21 x = 2 31 x;
2
x2
) y = ------ x ln x x
------ + x 1. ) 2
x + log 2 7
3
( x 2 + x )log 3 7
= 343.
2 4
28. a b, f(x) = x
2 3 2 0,5x 1 3x 3
= a ln x + bx2 + x + 2 x1 = 1 x2 = 2. 38. ) - + 1 = -------------------- ;
--------------- ) 1 + -----
- ---------------- = --- ;
2x 2 2x 3
x 3 3x + 1 2
29. -
: a) y = ex (x2 + x 5), x [4; 4]; 4x + 6 2x + 1
) -------------------
x2
- -------------------- = 7;
x x 2 4x + 6
+2
) y = 2
--------------------- , x [1; 2]; ) y = 2 33x 4 33x + 2 3x, x [1; 1];
ln 2 5x + 1 + 7 5x 1
) 3 - 30
---------------------- - = 17.
----------------------
) y = |x2 + 2x 3| + 1,5 ln x, x [0,5; 4]. 5x + 1 5 +1 + 7
x

58 59
ln x ln x
) y = 1 2 2
19. ) y = ln2 x; ) y = ln x ; --------------------- ; ) y = ---------------
-. 30. x 2 x 1 + -------------------
- -
1 + ln x 1+x 2 2 2x + 2
20. x0 : ?
) y = 4x, x0 = 2; ) y = x, x0 = ln 3; 31. f(x) < g(x), :
) y = ln (x2 4x), x0 = 5; ) y = x ln2 x, x0= e. ) f(x) = x + 3 ln (x 2), g(x) = x + 5 ln (x 1);
21. K(x0; y0) - ) f(x) = e2x 3x, g(x) = 5(ex x + 3).
: ) y = ex, K(0; 1); ) y = ln x, K(1; 0). 32. , x (0; +) -
: : ) ex > 1 + x; ) x > ln (1 + x).
22. ) y = 2x x ln 2 + 1; ) y = x (x2 + 4x 1);
x x2 :
) y = x (x2 + 5x + 7); ) y = xe ;
) y = 2x + (6 2a)x + 6ax + ctg 3; 33. y = xex. 34. y = ln (x2 + 1).
1 x
) y = (0,2)2x + (2a + 2) --- (2a ln 5) x + ln 3; :
5
35. ) 25x 29 10x 1 + 4x = 0;
) y = e|x| 2x + 1.
) 32x + 1 + 4 16x = 7 12x;
23. a) y = ln (4x x2); ) y = ln2 x 6 ln x + 5;
) 27 4x 30 6x + 8 9x = 0;
) y = 4 ln 3 16 ln (x2 + 3x) + 0,5 (x2 + 3x)2.
) 7 49x + 1 210 21x + 3 9x + 1 = 0.
24.
2 log 5 4 log 5 x
1 3x 8x 36. ) 2 x +5 2 3 = 0;
f(x) = 0,3125 --- + 5 ln 2 (3x2 8x + 1).
2 log 2 9 log2 x
) 3 x +5 3 2 = 0;
25.
log 7 x log7 x
f(x) = x2 ln 27 6x ln 27 + (3x2 18x + 24) ln (x2 6x + 8). ) 25 x + 24 5 1 = 0;
log 3 49 log 3 ( x 1 )
26. : ) ( x 1 ) + 97 7 2 = 0.
) y = x ex + tg --- ; x
) y = ---------- ln 3
- ---------- ; ) y = (2x 1)(2x 2). x log 3 2
7 ln x 3 37. ) 2x 3 62 x + 3 = 0;
27. : x + log 2 6
) 5x + 1 2 = 2 10x 1 + 1;
) y = (x2 2x) ln x 3
--- x2 + 4x + 1; x + log 3 4 x + log2 9
2
) 3 21 x = 2 31 x;
2
x2
) y = ------ x ln x x
------ + x 1. ) 2
x + log 2 7
3
( x 2 + x )log 3 7
= 343.
2 4
28. a b, f(x) = x
2 3 2 0,5x 1 3x 3
= a ln x + bx2 + x + 2 x1 = 1 x2 = 2. 38. ) - + 1 = -------------------- ;
--------------- ) 1 + -----
- ---------------- = --- ;
2x 2 2x 3
x 3 3x + 1 2
29. -
: a) y = ex (x2 + x 5), x [4; 4]; 4x + 6 2x + 1
) -------------------
x2
- -------------------- = 7;
x x 2 4x + 6
+2
) y = 2
--------------------- , x [1; 2]; ) y = 2 33x 4 33x + 2 3x, x [1; 1];
ln 2 5x + 1 + 7 5x 1
) 3 - 30
---------------------- - = 17.
----------------------
) y = |x2 + 2x 3| + 1,5 ln x, x [0,5; 4]. 5x + 1 5 +1 + 7
x

58 59
2 5 2
39. ) 9 log 8 (x 3)4 + 48 log4 (x 3)2 = 64; ) log - + log 1 1 + --- l 1;
-3 + ------------
2 x x+1 --- x
4
2
) 9 log 27 (x + 5)4 32 log9 (x + 5)2 = 48;
) log5 ---3- 1 + log 1 3 + ------------
1
- m 1.
2 xx --- x1
) 25 log 32 (x 7)4 + 16 log4 (x 7)2 = 96; 5

2 46. ) log2x + 7 (x2 + 4x + 4) < 2 log x 2 |x|;


) 9 log 125 (x + 1)4 16 log25 (x + 1)2 = 32.
) log2x 4 (x2 9x + 20) < 1
--- log|x 6| (x 6)2;
: 2

40. ) 9x + 6x m 5 3x; ) 16x + 20 l 9 4x; ) log2x + 3 (x2 + x 9) > 2 log 2 |6 x|;


(x 6)
) 4x + 2 m 3 2x; ) 25x + 35 l 12 5x.
) log2x 6 (x2 11x + 30) < 1
--- log|7 x| (x 7)2.
2
41. ) log7 x logx 1
--- > 2; ) log3 x 2 logx 1
--- l 5;
7 9 lg 2 x + 2 lg x 6
47. ) --------------------------------------------
- < 1;
lg x
) log2 x + logx 4 > 3; ) log2 x 4 logx 1
--- l 7.
8 ) log2 (2x + 1) + log2 3 > log2 (2x 1) + x + 1.
1
1 + --------------------
48.
2 + log 3 x
log x 3 3
42. ) x 2 l 2; ) x m 9; logx y + logy x = 5
--- ,
1 2
---------------
log 1 x log x ---
1 xy = 27.
--- 3
) x 2 m 4x3; ) x m 27x4.
49.
43. ) (2x2 3x + 1) log4x + 5 (2x + 3) l 0; f(x) = 2 33x 4 32x + 2 3x [1; 1].
) (2x2 x 1) log4 3x (7 5x) m 0;
) (3 + x 2x2) logx + 2 (3x + 5) l 0;
) (1 x 6x2) log2 3x (1 2x) m 0.
( lg x 1 ) ( x 2 11x + 10 )
44. - m 0;
) -------------------------------------------------------------------
2
(2x 2)
( log 2 1 ) ( x 2 3x + 2 )
- m 0;
x
) ----------------------------------------------------------------
4 2x

3 x 2 ) 2 ( x 2 5x + 6 )
) (----------------------------------------------------------
- l 0;
log 2 x 1

( 5 7 x )log x
- l 0.
3
) ------------------------------------
x 10x + 9
2

45. ) log2 1 --1- + log 1 1 x


--- m 1;
x --- 4
2

) log3 2 + --1- log 1 1 ------------


3
- < 1;
x --- x+1
3

60 61
2 5 2
39. ) 9 log 8 (x 3)4 + 48 log4 (x 3)2 = 64; ) log - + log 1 1 + --- l 1;
-3 + ------------
2 x x+1 --- x
4
2
) 9 log 27 (x + 5)4 32 log9 (x + 5)2 = 48;
) log5 ---3- 1 + log 1 3 + ------------
1
- m 1.
2 xx --- x1
) 25 log 32 (x 7)4 + 16 log4 (x 7)2 = 96; 5

2 46. ) log2x + 7 (x2 + 4x + 4) < 2 log x 2 |x|;


) 9 log 125 (x + 1)4 16 log25 (x + 1)2 = 32.
) log2x 4 (x2 9x + 20) < 1
--- log|x 6| (x 6)2;
: 2

40. ) 9x + 6x m 5 3x; ) 16x + 20 l 9 4x; ) log2x + 3 (x2 + x 9) > 2 log 2 |6 x|;


(x 6)
) 4x + 2 m 3 2x; ) 25x + 35 l 12 5x.
) log2x 6 (x2 11x + 30) < 1
--- log|7 x| (x 7)2.
2
41. ) log7 x logx 1
--- > 2; ) log3 x 2 logx 1
--- l 5;
7 9 lg 2 x + 2 lg x 6
47. ) --------------------------------------------
- < 1;
lg x
) log2 x + logx 4 > 3; ) log2 x 4 logx 1
--- l 7.
8 ) log2 (2x + 1) + log2 3 > log2 (2x 1) + x + 1.
1
1 + --------------------
48.
2 + log 3 x
log x 3 3
42. ) x 2 l 2; ) x m 9; logx y + logy x = 5
--- ,
1 2
---------------
log 1 x log x ---
1 xy = 27.
--- 3
) x 2 m 4x3; ) x m 27x4.
49.
43. ) (2x2 3x + 1) log4x + 5 (2x + 3) l 0; f(x) = 2 33x 4 32x + 2 3x [1; 1].
) (2x2 x 1) log4 3x (7 5x) m 0;
) (3 + x 2x2) logx + 2 (3x + 5) l 0;
) (1 x 6x2) log2 3x (1 2x) m 0.
( lg x 1 ) ( x 2 11x + 10 )
44. - m 0;
) -------------------------------------------------------------------
2
(2x 2)
( log 2 1 ) ( x 2 3x + 2 )
- m 0;
x
) ----------------------------------------------------------------
4 2x

3 x 2 ) 2 ( x 2 5x + 6 )
) (----------------------------------------------------------
- l 0;
log 2 x 1

( 5 7 x )log x
- l 0.
3
) ------------------------------------
x 10x + 9
2

45. ) log2 1 --1- + log 1 1 x


--- m 1;
x --- 4
2

) log3 2 + --1- log 1 1 ------------


3
- < 1;
x --- x+1
3

60 61
III sin cos = 1
--- (sin ( ) + sin ( + ));
2
(17)

sin sin = 1
--- (cos ( ) cos ( + ));
2
(18)

cos cos = 1
--- (cos ( ) + cos ( + )); (19)
2

1. cos 2
sin2 = 1
--------------------------- ; (20)
2

+ cos 2
cos2 = 1
--------------------------- ; (21)
sin2 + cos2 = 1; (1) 2

sin ( + ) = sin cos + cos sin ; (2) 1 cos


sin
--- = ----------------------- ; (22)
2 2
sin ( ) = sin cos cos sin ; (3)
cos ( + ) = cos cos sin sin ; 1 + cos
(4) cos
--- = ----------------------- ; (23)
2 2
cos ( ) = cos cos + sin sin ; (5)
1 cos
tg + tg
tg ( + ) = ------------------------------- tg
--- = ----------------------- ; + 2n, n Z; (24)
- ; , , + --- + n, n Z; (6) 2 1 + cos
1 tg tg 2

tg tg
tg ( ) = ------------------------------- tg sin 1 cos
--- = ----------------------- = ----------------------- ; n, n Z; (25)
- ; , , --- + n, n Z; (7) 2 1 + cos sin
1 + tg tg 2

sin 2 = 2 sin cos ; tg


(8) |sin | = ---------------------------
- ; --- + n, n Z; (26)
1 + tg 2 2
cos 2 = cos2 sin2 ; (9)
1
2 tg
|cos | = ---------------------------
- ; --- + n, n Z; (27)
tg 2 = ----------------------- ; , 2 --- + n, n Z; (10) 1 + tg 2 2
1 tg 2 2
1
sin 3 = 3 sin 4 sin3 ; (11) |sin | = ------------------------------- ; n, n Z; (28)
1 + ctg 2
cos 3 = 4 cos3 3 cos ; (12)
ctg
|cos | = ------------------------------ ; n, n Z; (29)
sin + sin = 2 sin +
------------- cos ------------- ; (13) 1 + ctg 2
2 2

2 tg ---
sin sin = 2 sin +
------------- cos ------------- ; (14) 2
sin = -----------------------
- ; + 2n, n Z; (30)
2 2
1 + tg 2 ---
2
cos + cos = 2 cos +
------------- cos ------------- ; (15)
2 2
1 tg 2 ---
2
cos = -----------------------
- ; + 2n, n Z; (31)
cos cos = 2 sin +
------------- sin ------------- ; (16) 1 + tg 2 ---

2 2 2

62 63
III sin cos = 1
--- (sin ( ) + sin ( + ));
2
(17)

sin sin = 1
--- (cos ( ) cos ( + ));
2
(18)

cos cos = 1
--- (cos ( ) + cos ( + )); (19)
2

1. cos 2
sin2 = 1
--------------------------- ; (20)
2

+ cos 2
cos2 = 1
--------------------------- ; (21)
sin2 + cos2 = 1; (1) 2

sin ( + ) = sin cos + cos sin ; (2) 1 cos


sin
--- = ----------------------- ; (22)
2 2
sin ( ) = sin cos cos sin ; (3)
cos ( + ) = cos cos sin sin ; 1 + cos
(4) cos
--- = ----------------------- ; (23)
2 2
cos ( ) = cos cos + sin sin ; (5)
1 cos
tg + tg
tg ( + ) = ------------------------------- tg
--- = ----------------------- ; + 2n, n Z; (24)
- ; , , + --- + n, n Z; (6) 2 1 + cos
1 tg tg 2

tg tg
tg ( ) = ------------------------------- tg sin 1 cos
--- = ----------------------- = ----------------------- ; n, n Z; (25)
- ; , , --- + n, n Z; (7) 2 1 + cos sin
1 + tg tg 2

sin 2 = 2 sin cos ; tg


(8) |sin | = ---------------------------
- ; --- + n, n Z; (26)
1 + tg 2 2
cos 2 = cos2 sin2 ; (9)
1
2 tg
|cos | = ---------------------------
- ; --- + n, n Z; (27)
tg 2 = ----------------------- ; , 2 --- + n, n Z; (10) 1 + tg 2 2
1 tg 2 2
1
sin 3 = 3 sin 4 sin3 ; (11) |sin | = ------------------------------- ; n, n Z; (28)
1 + ctg 2
cos 3 = 4 cos3 3 cos ; (12)
ctg
|cos | = ------------------------------ ; n, n Z; (29)
sin + sin = 2 sin +
------------- cos ------------- ; (13) 1 + ctg 2
2 2

2 tg ---
sin sin = 2 sin +
------------- cos ------------- ; (14) 2
sin = -----------------------
- ; + 2n, n Z; (30)
2 2
1 + tg 2 ---
2
cos + cos = 2 cos +
------------- cos ------------- ; (15)
2 2
1 tg 2 ---
2
cos = -----------------------
- ; + 2n, n Z; (31)
cos cos = 2 sin +
------------- sin ------------- ; (16) 1 + tg 2 ---

2 2 2

62 63
4 + 2 sin cos cos 4
2tg --- ) sin
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- = cos 2.
2 n tg2 1
tg = -----------------------
- ; ------- , n Z; (32)
2
1 tg --- 2 sin ( ) sin ( + )
2 7. ) ------------------------------------------------------- = cos2 sin2 ;
1 tg 2 ctg 2
a cos x + b sin x = a 2 + b 2 sin (x + ), (33) ) 3 4 cos 2 + cos 4 = 8 sin4 ;
a b ) cos4 = 1 1 3
--- cos 4 + --- cos 2 + --- ;
a2 + b2 0, sin = ---------------------
- , cos = ---------------------- ; 8 2 8
a2 + b2 a2 + b2
) sin4 + cos4 = 1
--- (1 + cos2 2).
Arcsin a = (1)n arcsin a + n, n Z; (34) 2

Arccos a = arccos a + 2n, n Z; (35) 8. ) 4 (sin6 + cos6 ) = 1 + 3 cos3 2;

Arctg a = arctg a + n, n Z; (36) ) 8 sin8


--- + cos8 --- = 1 + 6 cos2 + cos4 ;
2 2
Arcctg a = arcctg a + n, n Z. (37) ) tg x + tg 2x tg 3x = tg x tg 2x tg 3x;
) 1 + cos 2x + cos 4x + cos 6x = 4 cos x cos 2x cos 3x.
1. :
9. :
sin 2 tg 2
) sin6 + cos6 + 3 sin2 cos2 = 1; ) --------------------------------------
- = tg6 . sin + sin 3
) ------------------------------------
-;
cos 4 cos 2
) ----------------------------------------
-;
2 2 cos ctg cos + cos 3 sin 2 + sin 4
2. , sin + cos = a, : sin 3 sin 2 + sin 3 2 ( sin 2 + 2cos 1 ) 2
a) |sin cos |; ) cos4 + sin4 . ) ----------------------------------------------------------------
-; ) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-;
cos 3 cos 2 + cos 3 cos sin cos 3 + sin 3
3. : tg + ctg = p. : 2 4 6
) cos ------
- + cos ------- + cos ------- ;
a) tg2 + ctg2 ; ) tg3 + ctg3 . 7 7 7
4. :
) cos 0 + cos --- + cos 2 6
------- + ... + cos ------- .
7 7 7
) sin --- , tg = 3 3
--- , ------- < < 2;
3 4 2 :
) cos (70 + ), sin (40 + ) = b, 0 < < 45; 2 sin 2 + sin 4
- = tg 2 cos ;
10. ) ---------------------------------------------
2 ( cos + cos 3 )
) sin ( + ), sin = 12 8 4
------ , cos = ------ , sin = --- ; 0 < <
13 17 5 ) cos4 sin4 + sin 2 = 2 cos 2 --- ;
4
< --- , 0 < < --- , 0 < < --- ; ) cos2 + cos2 --- + + cos2 --- = 3
--- ;
2 2 2 3 3 2
) sin 3, cos 3, tg 3, ctg = 4 3
--- , < < ------- . ) sin2 + cos --- cos --- + = 1
--- ;
3 2 3 3 4
5. : , , . ) log 1 [cos2 ( + ) + cos2 ( ) cos 2 cos 2] = 0;
---
sin sin cos = cos cos . 3
ctg 2 2 1
: ) ----------------------------
- cos 8 ctg 4 = sin 8;
2 ctg 2
6. ) (cos + sin )2 = 1 + sin 2; ) 1 sin = 2 sin2 ---
--- ; 11. ) 16 sin 10 sin 30 sin 50 sin 70 = 1;
4 2
1 1 1 1
1 2sin 2 1 2 sin 2 1 tg
) sin2 cos4 = ------ + ------ cos 2 ------ cos 4 ------ cos 6;
) ------------------------------------------------------------------
- = 1; ) ------------------------------ = -------------------- ; 16 32 16 32
1 + sin 2 1 + tg
2ctg --- + cos 2 --- ) sin 9 + 3 sin 7 + 3 sin 5 + sin 3 = 8 sin 6 cos3 ;
4 4 ) tg ( ) + tg ( ) + tg ( ) = tg ( ) tg ( ) tg ( );
) tg --- + = 1 + sin 2
--------------------------- ;
cos + sin
) --------------------------------
- = tg 2 + sec 2; ) 1 + sin 1 sin = 2 sin
--- , 0; --- .
4 cos 2 cos sin 2 2

64 65
4 + 2 sin cos cos 4
2tg --- ) sin
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- = cos 2.
2 n tg2 1
tg = -----------------------
- ; ------- , n Z; (32)
2
1 tg --- 2 sin ( ) sin ( + )
2 7. ) ------------------------------------------------------- = cos2 sin2 ;
1 tg 2 ctg 2
a cos x + b sin x = a 2 + b 2 sin (x + ), (33) ) 3 4 cos 2 + cos 4 = 8 sin4 ;
a b ) cos4 = 1 1 3
--- cos 4 + --- cos 2 + --- ;
a2 + b2 0, sin = ---------------------
- , cos = ---------------------- ; 8 2 8
a2 + b2 a2 + b2
) sin4 + cos4 = 1
--- (1 + cos2 2).
Arcsin a = (1)n arcsin a + n, n Z; (34) 2

Arccos a = arccos a + 2n, n Z; (35) 8. ) 4 (sin6 + cos6 ) = 1 + 3 cos3 2;

Arctg a = arctg a + n, n Z; (36) ) 8 sin8


--- + cos8 --- = 1 + 6 cos2 + cos4 ;
2 2
Arcctg a = arcctg a + n, n Z. (37) ) tg x + tg 2x tg 3x = tg x tg 2x tg 3x;
) 1 + cos 2x + cos 4x + cos 6x = 4 cos x cos 2x cos 3x.
1. :
9. :
sin 2 tg 2
) sin6 + cos6 + 3 sin2 cos2 = 1; ) --------------------------------------
- = tg6 . sin + sin 3
) ------------------------------------
-;
cos 4 cos 2
) ----------------------------------------
-;
2 2 cos ctg cos + cos 3 sin 2 + sin 4
2. , sin + cos = a, : sin 3 sin 2 + sin 3 2 ( sin 2 + 2cos 1 ) 2
a) |sin cos |; ) cos4 + sin4 . ) ----------------------------------------------------------------
-; ) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-;
cos 3 cos 2 + cos 3 cos sin cos 3 + sin 3
3. : tg + ctg = p. : 2 4 6
) cos ------
- + cos ------- + cos ------- ;
a) tg2 + ctg2 ; ) tg3 + ctg3 . 7 7 7
4. :
) cos 0 + cos --- + cos 2 6
------- + ... + cos ------- .
7 7 7
) sin --- , tg = 3 3
--- , ------- < < 2;
3 4 2 :
) cos (70 + ), sin (40 + ) = b, 0 < < 45; 2 sin 2 + sin 4
- = tg 2 cos ;
10. ) ---------------------------------------------
2 ( cos + cos 3 )
) sin ( + ), sin = 12 8 4
------ , cos = ------ , sin = --- ; 0 < <
13 17 5 ) cos4 sin4 + sin 2 = 2 cos 2 --- ;
4
< --- , 0 < < --- , 0 < < --- ; ) cos2 + cos2 --- + + cos2 --- = 3
--- ;
2 2 2 3 3 2
) sin 3, cos 3, tg 3, ctg = 4 3
--- , < < ------- . ) sin2 + cos --- cos --- + = 1
--- ;
3 2 3 3 4
5. : , , . ) log 1 [cos2 ( + ) + cos2 ( ) cos 2 cos 2] = 0;
---
sin sin cos = cos cos . 3
ctg 2 2 1
: ) ----------------------------
- cos 8 ctg 4 = sin 8;
2 ctg 2
6. ) (cos + sin )2 = 1 + sin 2; ) 1 sin = 2 sin2 ---
--- ; 11. ) 16 sin 10 sin 30 sin 50 sin 70 = 1;
4 2
1 1 1 1
1 2sin 2 1 2 sin 2 1 tg
) sin2 cos4 = ------ + ------ cos 2 ------ cos 4 ------ cos 6;
) ------------------------------------------------------------------
- = 1; ) ------------------------------ = -------------------- ; 16 32 16 32
1 + sin 2 1 + tg
2ctg --- + cos 2 --- ) sin 9 + 3 sin 7 + 3 sin 5 + sin 3 = 8 sin 6 cos3 ;
4 4 ) tg ( ) + tg ( ) + tg ( ) = tg ( ) tg ( ) tg ( );
) tg --- + = 1 + sin 2
--------------------------- ;
cos + sin
) --------------------------------
- = tg 2 + sec 2; ) 1 + sin 1 sin = 2 sin
--- , 0; --- .
4 cos 2 cos sin 2 2

64 65
20. x y, -
12. : sin + cos = 1,4, 0 < < --- . tg
--- .
4 2 :
13. , , x2 2 = 2 cos ,
x = 3 cos ,
tg --- = 1 1
--- ctg --- , ctg --- = --- 3 tg --- + ctg --- . ) y = 4 sin ; ) y = 4 cos2
--- ;
2 3 2 2 2 2 2 2
+ + .
: x = tg , x= 1 cos ,
) )
14. ) cos 29230; ) cosec 10 3 sec 10; y = sec ; y = sin
--- + cos --- .
2 2
cos 40 cos 20
) 2
------------------------------------------------- ;
sin 20
sec 5 cos 40
) 2 2 sin 10 -2 sin 35 --------------- ------------------
-;
2 sin 5 2.
) cos2 73 + cos2 47 + cos 73 cos 47;
e) sin 6 sin 42 sin 66 + sin 78. 1. :

15. ) cos
2 33 cos 2 57 ) y = sin x cos x ; ) y = 2 cos x + 1 + 2 sin x 1 ;
---------------------------------------------------- ; ) 6 cos 40 8 cos 40;
sin 21 cos 21
) y = ( 2 cos x + 1 ) ( cos x 1 ) ;) y = sin x ( tg 2 x 3 ) ;
) tg6 20 33 tg4 20 + 27 tg2 20 3; ) ctg2 36 ctg2 72;
) y = tgx sin x .
) cos ------ cos 2 4 8
------- cos ------- cos ------- ;
15 15 15 15 2. :
) cos 20 cos 40 cos 80. ) y = 9 cos 3x 12 cos3 3x; ) y = cos (2 sin x);
16. ) 8 cos 10 cos 50 cos 70; ) cos --- cos 2
------- ; 1
) y = cos 1 ---------------
- ; ) y = 12 sin x + 5 cos x 3;
5 5 x2 + 1
) cos --- cos 2
------- ; ) tg 20 + tg 40 + 3 tg 20 tg 40; ) y = 1 2 sin x cos x.
5 5
3. :
) sin 54 sin 18; ) 4 sin 54 cos 72.
) y = a cos x + b sin x + c;
17. , = + , :
) y = 10 cos2 x 6 sin x cos x + 2 sin2 x.
a) sin + sin + sin = 4 sin
--- cos --- cos --- ; 1 1
2 2 2 4. y = ------------
- + ------------- ,
cos x sin x
) cos2 + cos2 + cos2 2 cos cos cos = 1.
X = 0; --- , x X.
18. , + + = --- , : 2
2
5.
a) +
sin2 + = 1 2 sin sin sin ;
sin2 sin2
) ctg + ctg + ctg = ctg ctg ctg . y = 2 (1 + sin 3x sin 2x) 1
--- (cos 4x + cos 6x).
2
19. , + + = , :
) cos + cos + cos = 1 + 4 sin
--- sin --- sin --- ;
6. ,
2 2 2 y = sin 5x + sin 3x + 5 sin x cos 2x, x R, .
) 1 cos2 cos2 cos2 = 2 cos cos cos ; 7. ,
) sin + sin + sin = 4 cos
--- cos --- cos --- . y = cos 4x + sin3 x
--- sin x + 5x2, x R, .
2 2 2 2

66 67
20. x y, -
12. : sin + cos = 1,4, 0 < < --- . tg
--- .
4 2 :
13. , , x2 2 = 2 cos ,
x = 3 cos ,
tg --- = 1 1
--- ctg --- , ctg --- = --- 3 tg --- + ctg --- . ) y = 4 sin ; ) y = 4 cos2
--- ;
2 3 2 2 2 2 2 2
+ + .
: x = tg , x= 1 cos ,
) )
14. ) cos 29230; ) cosec 10 3 sec 10; y = sec ; y = sin
--- + cos --- .
2 2
cos 40 cos 20
) 2
------------------------------------------------- ;
sin 20
sec 5 cos 40
) 2 2 sin 10 -2 sin 35 --------------- ------------------
-;
2 sin 5 2.
) cos2 73 + cos2 47 + cos 73 cos 47;
e) sin 6 sin 42 sin 66 + sin 78. 1. :

15. ) cos
2 33 cos 2 57 ) y = sin x cos x ; ) y = 2 cos x + 1 + 2 sin x 1 ;
---------------------------------------------------- ; ) 6 cos 40 8 cos 40;
sin 21 cos 21
) y = ( 2 cos x + 1 ) ( cos x 1 ) ;) y = sin x ( tg 2 x 3 ) ;
) tg6 20 33 tg4 20 + 27 tg2 20 3; ) ctg2 36 ctg2 72;
) y = tgx sin x .
) cos ------ cos 2 4 8
------- cos ------- cos ------- ;
15 15 15 15 2. :
) cos 20 cos 40 cos 80. ) y = 9 cos 3x 12 cos3 3x; ) y = cos (2 sin x);
16. ) 8 cos 10 cos 50 cos 70; ) cos --- cos 2
------- ; 1
) y = cos 1 ---------------
- ; ) y = 12 sin x + 5 cos x 3;
5 5 x2 + 1
) cos --- cos 2
------- ; ) tg 20 + tg 40 + 3 tg 20 tg 40; ) y = 1 2 sin x cos x.
5 5
3. :
) sin 54 sin 18; ) 4 sin 54 cos 72.
) y = a cos x + b sin x + c;
17. , = + , :
) y = 10 cos2 x 6 sin x cos x + 2 sin2 x.
a) sin + sin + sin = 4 sin
--- cos --- cos --- ; 1 1
2 2 2 4. y = ------------
- + ------------- ,
cos x sin x
) cos2 + cos2 + cos2 2 cos cos cos = 1.
X = 0; --- , x X.
18. , + + = --- , : 2
2
5.
a) +
sin2 + = 1 2 sin sin sin ;
sin2 sin2
) ctg + ctg + ctg = ctg ctg ctg . y = 2 (1 + sin 3x sin 2x) 1
--- (cos 4x + cos 6x).
2
19. , + + = , :
) cos + cos + cos = 1 + 4 sin
--- sin --- sin --- ;
6. ,
2 2 2 y = sin 5x + sin 3x + 5 sin x cos 2x, x R, .
) 1 cos2 cos2 cos2 = 2 cos cos cos ; 7. ,
) sin + sin + sin = 4 cos
--- cos --- cos --- . y = cos 4x + sin3 x
--- sin x + 5x2, x R, .
2 2 2 2

66 67
8. : x
18. a) y = sin 3x; ) y = cos ------
-; ) y = sin2 (2x 1);
) y = sin 3x; ) y = tg 2x + 2 sin 3x; ) y = cos x
--- ;
2
2 sin x
) y = cos3 (x2 + x); ) y = -----------------------
-.
) y = cos2 x; ) y = sin (cos x); ) y = cos (sin x); 1 + cos x
19. x0
) y = cos 3x 2x
------- sin ------- .
5 7
: ) y = sin x, x0 = --- ; ) y = cos (2x), x0 = --- ; ) y =
6 4
9. , 0 < x < --- -
2
= tg x x, x0 = --- .
3
sin x < x < tg x. 20. A(x0; y0) -

10. , 0 < |x| < --- - : a) y = 2 sin x 3


--- , A ------- ; 2 ; ) y = cos2 x,
2 3 2

A --- ; 1
--- ; ) y = tg 2x, A --- ; 1 .
sin x 4 2 8
cos x < ------------
- < 1.
x 21.
11. : y = sin2 x 20 cos x + 1.
) sin x + sin 2x + sin 3x + ... + sin nx, x 2n; 22. ,
) cos x + cos 2x + cos 3x + ... + cos nx, x 2n, n Z.
f(x) = cos2 x + cos2 --- + x cos x cos --- + x
3 3
:
12. a) y = sin 2x; ) y = sin x
--- ; ) y = sin x --- ; , . . x.
3 3 .
sin x
) y = sin |x|; ) y = |sin x|; ) y = ---------------- .
sin x
13. a) y = x + sin x; ) y = x sin x; ) y = cosec |x|; 3.
) y = 2sin x; ) y = sin (arcsin (log0,5 x)).
1. , :
14. a) y = cos x
--- ; ) y = cos 2x; ) y = cos x + --- ;
2 4 sin (arcsin x) = x, 1 m x m 1; sin (arccos x) = 1 x 2 , 1 m x m 1;
) y = |cos x|; ) y = sec x. x 1
sin (arctg x) = -------------------
- ; sin (arcctg x) = -------------------- ;
15. a) y = tg 3x; ) y = tg x
--- ; ) y = tg --- x ; 1 + x2 1 + x2
2 6
) y = tg |x|; ) y = |tg x|; ) y = tg x ctg x. cos (arccos x) = x, 1 m x m 1; cos (arcsin x) = 1 x 2 , 1 m x m 1;
16. : 1
cos (arctg x) = ------------------- x
- ; cos (arcctg x) = -------------------- ;
a) |y| = sin x; ) sin y = sin x. 1 + x2 1 + x2

: x
tg (arctg x) = x; tg (arcsin x) = -------------------
- , 1 < x < 1;
1 x2
17. a) y = sin x cos x; ) y = tg x + ctg x; ) y = sin2 x;
1x 2
) y = cos2 x; ) y = 1
--- tg3 x; e) y = 1
--- ctg4 x. - , 1 m x < 0, 0 < x m 1;
tg (arccos x) = -------------------
3 4 x

68 69
8. : x
18. a) y = sin 3x; ) y = cos ------
-; ) y = sin2 (2x 1);
) y = sin 3x; ) y = tg 2x + 2 sin 3x; ) y = cos x
--- ;
2
2 sin x
) y = cos3 (x2 + x); ) y = -----------------------
-.
) y = cos2 x; ) y = sin (cos x); ) y = cos (sin x); 1 + cos x
19. x0
) y = cos 3x 2x
------- sin ------- .
5 7
: ) y = sin x, x0 = --- ; ) y = cos (2x), x0 = --- ; ) y =
6 4
9. , 0 < x < --- -
2
= tg x x, x0 = --- .
3
sin x < x < tg x. 20. A(x0; y0) -

10. , 0 < |x| < --- - : a) y = 2 sin x 3


--- , A ------- ; 2 ; ) y = cos2 x,
2 3 2

A --- ; 1
--- ; ) y = tg 2x, A --- ; 1 .
sin x 4 2 8
cos x < ------------
- < 1.
x 21.
11. : y = sin2 x 20 cos x + 1.
) sin x + sin 2x + sin 3x + ... + sin nx, x 2n; 22. ,
) cos x + cos 2x + cos 3x + ... + cos nx, x 2n, n Z.
f(x) = cos2 x + cos2 --- + x cos x cos --- + x
3 3
:
12. a) y = sin 2x; ) y = sin x
--- ; ) y = sin x --- ; , . . x.
3 3 .
sin x
) y = sin |x|; ) y = |sin x|; ) y = ---------------- .
sin x
13. a) y = x + sin x; ) y = x sin x; ) y = cosec |x|; 3.
) y = 2sin x; ) y = sin (arcsin (log0,5 x)).
1. , :
14. a) y = cos x
--- ; ) y = cos 2x; ) y = cos x + --- ;
2 4 sin (arcsin x) = x, 1 m x m 1; sin (arccos x) = 1 x 2 , 1 m x m 1;
) y = |cos x|; ) y = sec x. x 1
sin (arctg x) = -------------------
- ; sin (arcctg x) = -------------------- ;
15. a) y = tg 3x; ) y = tg x
--- ; ) y = tg --- x ; 1 + x2 1 + x2
2 6
) y = tg |x|; ) y = |tg x|; ) y = tg x ctg x. cos (arccos x) = x, 1 m x m 1; cos (arcsin x) = 1 x 2 , 1 m x m 1;
16. : 1
cos (arctg x) = ------------------- x
- ; cos (arcctg x) = -------------------- ;
a) |y| = sin x; ) sin y = sin x. 1 + x2 1 + x2

: x
tg (arctg x) = x; tg (arcsin x) = -------------------
- , 1 < x < 1;
1 x2
17. a) y = sin x cos x; ) y = tg x + ctg x; ) y = sin2 x;
1x 2
) y = cos2 x; ) y = 1
--- tg3 x; e) y = 1
--- ctg4 x. - , 1 m x < 0, 0 < x m 1;
tg (arccos x) = -------------------
3 4 x

68 69
x
tg (arcctg x) = --1- , x 0; ) x > 0, arctg x = arcctg --1- = arcsin -------------------
- =
x x 1 + x2
1
ctg (arcctg x) = x; ctg (arctg x) = --1- , x 0; = arccos -------------------
-,
x 1 + x2
x
1x 2
1
arcctg x = arctg --1- = arcsin -------------------
- = arccos -------------------- .
- , 1 m x < 0, 0 < x m 1;
ctg (arcsin x) = ------------------- x 1 + x2 1 + x2
x
7. -
x
ctg (arccos x) = -------------------
- , 1 < x < 1. :
1 x2
a) arcsin 3
--- ; ) arccos 12
------ ;
5
) arctg ------ ; ) arcctg 3
--- .
: 5 13 12 4

8. , :
2. a) sin 2 arcsin 1
--- ; ) cos 2 arcsin 1
--- ;
3 3 a) arcsin (x) = arcsin x, 1 m x m 1;
) arctg (x) = arctg x;
) tg 2 arcsin 1
--- ; ) sin 2 arctg 3); ) tg (2 arctg 3).
3 ) arccos (x) = arccos x, 1 m x m 1;
) arcctg (x) = arcctg x.
3. a) sin 3 arcsin 1 1
--- ; ) cos 3 arccos --- .
3 4 9. -
:
4. a) sin 1
--- arctg 3 ; ) s 1
--
1 1
- arctg 5 ; ) sin --- arccos --- . a) arccos 1
--- ;
7
) arctg ------ ; 7
) arcctg ------ .
2 2 2 9 3 24 24

10. , :
5. a) sin 1 17
--- arccos ------ ; ) sin 1 63
--- arcsin ----------- ;
4 32 4 8 ) 0 m x m 1, 0 m y m 1,

) cos 1 24
--- arctg ------ . arcsin x + arcsin y = arccos ( 1 x 2 1 y 2 xy),
4 7
arccos x + arccos y = arccos (xy 1 x 2 1 y 2 ),
6. , :
arcsin x arcsin y = arcsin (x 1 y2 y 1 x 2 ),
) 0 m x m 1, arcsin x = arccos 1 x 2 , arccos x =
arccos x arccos y = arcsin (y 1 x2 x 1 y 2 );
= arcsin 1 x2 ;
) x > 0, y > 0,
x
) 0 m x < 1, arcsin x = arctg -------------------
- , arccos x = xy
1 x2 arctg x + arctg y = arcctg 1
----------------- ,
x+y
x
= arcctg -------------------
-; 1
1 x2 arcctg x + arcctg y = arcctg xy
----------------- ,
x+y
1 x2 xy
) 0 < x m 1, arcsin x = arcctg -------------------
- , arccos x = arctg x arctg y = arctg ----------------
-,
x 1 + xy
1x 2 yx
= arctg -------------------
-; arcctg x arcctg y = arctg ----------------
-.
x 1 + xy

70 71
x
tg (arcctg x) = --1- , x 0; ) x > 0, arctg x = arcctg --1- = arcsin -------------------
- =
x x 1 + x2
1
ctg (arcctg x) = x; ctg (arctg x) = --1- , x 0; = arccos -------------------
-,
x 1 + x2
x
1x 2
1
arcctg x = arctg --1- = arcsin -------------------
- = arccos -------------------- .
- , 1 m x < 0, 0 < x m 1;
ctg (arcsin x) = ------------------- x 1 + x2 1 + x2
x
7. -
x
ctg (arccos x) = -------------------
- , 1 < x < 1. :
1 x2
a) arcsin 3
--- ; ) arccos 12
------ ;
5
) arctg ------ ; ) arcctg 3
--- .
: 5 13 12 4

8. , :
2. a) sin 2 arcsin 1
--- ; ) cos 2 arcsin 1
--- ;
3 3 a) arcsin (x) = arcsin x, 1 m x m 1;
) arctg (x) = arctg x;
) tg 2 arcsin 1
--- ; ) sin 2 arctg 3); ) tg (2 arctg 3).
3 ) arccos (x) = arccos x, 1 m x m 1;
) arcctg (x) = arcctg x.
3. a) sin 3 arcsin 1 1
--- ; ) cos 3 arccos --- .
3 4 9. -
:
4. a) sin 1
--- arctg 3 ; ) s 1
--
1 1
- arctg 5 ; ) sin --- arccos --- . a) arccos 1
--- ;
7
) arctg ------ ; 7
) arcctg ------ .
2 2 2 9 3 24 24

10. , :
5. a) sin 1 17
--- arccos ------ ; ) sin 1 63
--- arcsin ----------- ;
4 32 4 8 ) 0 m x m 1, 0 m y m 1,

) cos 1 24
--- arctg ------ . arcsin x + arcsin y = arccos ( 1 x 2 1 y 2 xy),
4 7
arccos x + arccos y = arccos (xy 1 x 2 1 y 2 ),
6. , :
arcsin x arcsin y = arcsin (x 1 y2 y 1 x 2 ),
) 0 m x m 1, arcsin x = arccos 1 x 2 , arccos x =
arccos x arccos y = arcsin (y 1 x2 x 1 y 2 );
= arcsin 1 x2 ;
) x > 0, y > 0,
x
) 0 m x < 1, arcsin x = arctg -------------------
- , arccos x = xy
1 x2 arctg x + arctg y = arcctg 1
----------------- ,
x+y
x
= arcctg -------------------
-; 1
1 x2 arcctg x + arcctg y = arcctg xy
----------------- ,
x+y
1 x2 xy
) 0 < x m 1, arcsin x = arcctg -------------------
- , arccos x = arctg x arctg y = arctg ----------------
-,
x 1 + xy
1x 2 yx
= arctg -------------------
-; arcctg x arcctg y = arctg ----------------
-.
x 1 + xy

70 71
11. :
18. cos ( arcctg2 x) = 1
--- .
2
a) arcsin 3 12
--- + arcsin ------ ;
7
) arccos ------ + arccos 3
--- ;
5 13 25 5 19. :
3 24
) arctg 4 + arctg 5; ) arcsin --- arcsin ------ ; a) arctg 1 1 1 1
--- + arctg --- + arctg --- + arctg --- ;
5 25 3 5 7 8
5 7 ) arctg 1 + arctg 2 + arctg 3;
) arccos ------ arccos ------ ; e) arctg 4 arctg 5;
13 25
) arctg 1 1
--- + arctg --- ;
) arcctg 5 arcctg 4. 2 3
7
12. , : ) arcctg 3 + arcctg 4 + arcctg ------ .
11
a) arcsin x + arccos x = --- , 1 m x m 1; :
2
20. ) y = arcsin (sin x); ) y = arccos (cos x);
) arctg x + arcctg x = --- . ) y = arctg (tg x); ) y = arcctg (ctg x);
2
) y = arcsin --1- ; ) y = arccos --1- .
13. : x x
a) 5 arctg x + 3 arcctg x = 2; 1
21. ) y = arctg ------------ 1
) y = arcctg ------------
-; -;
) arctg x + arctg 2x + arctg 3x = . x1 x1
1
14. ) y = arcctg x ------------- ; ) y = arcctg (2x x2);
x2
arcsin3 x + arccos3 x. x2 4 x2 4
) y = arctg ---------------
-; ) |y| = arctg ---------------
-.
15. , : x2 1 2 x 1
a) arcsin (sin x) = 22. ) y = arcsin (x 2); ) y = arccos x
--- ;
2
x 2n, 2n --- m x m 2n + --- , ) y = arcsin x2; ) y = arccos (x2).
2 2
= 23. a) y = arctg (x + 1); ) y = arcctg (3 x);
x + 2n, 2n + --- m x m 2n + 3
------- ;
2 2 ) y = arctg (x2 1); ) y = arcctg (4 x2).
24. ) y = sin (arcsin x); ) y = cos (arcsin x).
x 2n, 2n m x m 2n + ,
) arccos (cos x) = 2 x + 2n, 2n + m x m 2(n + 1); 25. -
, , :
) arctg (tg x) = x n, n --- < x < n + --- ; 1
2 2 - , x ( 1; 1);
) (arcsin x) = -------------------
1 x2
) arcctg (ctg x) = x n, n < x < (n + 1). 1
- , x ( 1; 1);
) (arccos x) = -------------------
16. : 1 x2
1 1

) (arctg x) = ---------------
- ; ) (arcctg x) = ---------------2- .
) arcsin sin 10
---------- ; ) arccos sin --- ; 1 + x2 1+x
7 9
:
) arcsin cos 33
---------- . 26. ) y = arcsin (1 x); ) y = arccos (x + 2);
10
) y = arcsin x --- + arccos 2x; ) y = x arcsin x;
17. : arcsin (sin x); arccos (cos x); arctg (tg x), 2
arcctg (ctg x); arcsin (cos x); arccos (sin x), : arcsx
) y = ---------------------- ; e) y = arcsinx
----------------------- .
) x = 3; ) x = 4; ) x = 10. x arcsx

72 73
11. :
18. cos ( arcctg2 x) = 1
--- .
2
a) arcsin 3 12
--- + arcsin ------ ;
7
) arccos ------ + arccos 3
--- ;
5 13 25 5 19. :
3 24
) arctg 4 + arctg 5; ) arcsin --- arcsin ------ ; a) arctg 1 1 1 1
--- + arctg --- + arctg --- + arctg --- ;
5 25 3 5 7 8
5 7 ) arctg 1 + arctg 2 + arctg 3;
) arccos ------ arccos ------ ; e) arctg 4 arctg 5;
13 25
) arctg 1 1
--- + arctg --- ;
) arcctg 5 arcctg 4. 2 3
7
12. , : ) arcctg 3 + arcctg 4 + arcctg ------ .
11
a) arcsin x + arccos x = --- , 1 m x m 1; :
2
20. ) y = arcsin (sin x); ) y = arccos (cos x);
) arctg x + arcctg x = --- . ) y = arctg (tg x); ) y = arcctg (ctg x);
2
) y = arcsin --1- ; ) y = arccos --1- .
13. : x x
a) 5 arctg x + 3 arcctg x = 2; 1
21. ) y = arctg ------------ 1
) y = arcctg ------------
-; -;
) arctg x + arctg 2x + arctg 3x = . x1 x1
1
14. ) y = arcctg x ------------- ; ) y = arcctg (2x x2);
x2
arcsin3 x + arccos3 x. x2 4 x2 4
) y = arctg ---------------
-; ) |y| = arctg ---------------
-.
15. , : x2 1 2 x 1
a) arcsin (sin x) = 22. ) y = arcsin (x 2); ) y = arccos x
--- ;
2
x 2n, 2n --- m x m 2n + --- , ) y = arcsin x2; ) y = arccos (x2).
2 2
= 23. a) y = arctg (x + 1); ) y = arcctg (3 x);
x + 2n, 2n + --- m x m 2n + 3
------- ;
2 2 ) y = arctg (x2 1); ) y = arcctg (4 x2).
24. ) y = sin (arcsin x); ) y = cos (arcsin x).
x 2n, 2n m x m 2n + ,
) arccos (cos x) = 2 x + 2n, 2n + m x m 2(n + 1); 25. -
, , :
) arctg (tg x) = x n, n --- < x < n + --- ; 1
2 2 - , x ( 1; 1);
) (arcsin x) = -------------------
1 x2
) arcctg (ctg x) = x n, n < x < (n + 1). 1
- , x ( 1; 1);
) (arccos x) = -------------------
16. : 1 x2
1 1

) (arctg x) = ---------------
- ; ) (arcctg x) = ---------------2- .
) arcsin sin 10
---------- ; ) arccos sin --- ; 1 + x2 1+x
7 9
:
) arcsin cos 33
---------- . 26. ) y = arcsin (1 x); ) y = arccos (x + 2);
10
) y = arcsin x --- + arccos 2x; ) y = x arcsin x;
17. : arcsin (sin x); arccos (cos x); arctg (tg x), 2
arcctg (ctg x); arcsin (cos x); arccos (sin x), : arcsx
) y = ---------------------- ; e) y = arcsinx
----------------------- .
) x = 3; ) x = 4; ) x = 10. x arcsx

72 73
27. ) y = arctg x2; ) y = arcctg 2x; 4. a, -
1x a 1,5
) y = arcsin (sin x); ) y = arcsin ------------- .
cos x = ---------------------
- .
1+x 2 0,5a
5. : ) y = 3 sin x + 2(x 1);
28. x0
) y = cos 2x + ax 3.
: ) y = 2 arcsin x; x0 = ------3- ; ) y = 3 arccos x, x0 = ------2- ; :
2 2

) y = arctg x3 , x0 = 1; ) y = 2 arcctg (x2 3), x0 = 1. 1
6. a) tg x = ------
-; ) tg x
--- --- = 1;
3 2 7
29. B(x0; y0) -

: tg --- tg x
2 tg x 4
) ----------------------
- = 5; ) --------------------------------
- = 3.
x 1 tg x 2
) y = arcsin 3x, B 1 3
--- ; arcsin --- ; ) y = arctg --- , B -2; --- . 1 + tg x tg ---
4
5 5 2 4 4

30. : 7. a) ctg x = l; ) ctg 2x + --- = 2;


3
) y = x + arccos x + 1; ) y = x arctg x.
2
31. ) ctg x
--- 3- = 1;
1
) ----------
- = 7 2.
2 tg x
x
y = arctg 1
------------- [0; 1].
1+x 8. a) cos (1,5 + x) = 2 sin (x + ) cos x;
) 2 sin x cos x + 3 2 cos x 3 sin x = 0;
) sin 2x = (cos x sin x)2; ) tg3 3x 2 sin3 3x = 0;
4.
) 2 tg x cos x + 1 = 2 cos x + tg x.

: 9. ) sin x + cos2 x = 1
--- ; ) 3 cos x = 2 sin2 x;
4
1. a) sin x = 1
--- ; ) sin 2x + --- = 1; ) 6 cos2 x + 13 sin x = 12;
2 4
) 3 cos2 x 4 cos x sin2 x 2 = 0;
) 2 sin x cos x 3 sin 2x = 0;
) cos4 x x
--- + sin2 --- = 1;
) sin x x 1
--- cos --- cos --- sin --- = --- ; 5 5
2 3 2 3 4
2 cos x 1
) sin x = 1. - sin2 x = sin2 x.
) sin x -----------------------------
2 cos x 1

2. a) cos x = 0; ) cos 3x --- = 1; 10. a) tg2 x 4 tg x + 3 = 0; ) 2 tg x 2 ctg x = 3;


6
3 1
- = 4 tg x;
) -------------- - = ctg x + 3.
) --------------
) sin4 x x 1
--- cos4 --- = --- ; cos x 2 sin x 2
2 2 2
11. a) 2 cos x (cos x 8 tg x) = 5;
) cos --- cos x sin --- sin x = --- ; ) cos x2 = 1.
6 6 4
) cos --- sin --- (sec x + tg x) = sin --- cos x;
4 6 4
3. 2 cos ---- -sin x 13 + ------2- = 3.
6 2 ) log2 (3 sin x) log2 cos x log2 (1 tg x) log2 (1 + tg x) = 1.

74 75
27. ) y = arctg x2; ) y = arcctg 2x; 4. a, -
1x a 1,5
) y = arcsin (sin x); ) y = arcsin ------------- .
cos x = ---------------------
- .
1+x 2 0,5a
5. : ) y = 3 sin x + 2(x 1);
28. x0
) y = cos 2x + ax 3.
: ) y = 2 arcsin x; x0 = ------3- ; ) y = 3 arccos x, x0 = ------2- ; :
2 2

) y = arctg x3 , x0 = 1; ) y = 2 arcctg (x2 3), x0 = 1. 1
6. a) tg x = ------
-; ) tg x
--- --- = 1;
3 2 7
29. B(x0; y0) -

: tg --- tg x
2 tg x 4
) ----------------------
- = 5; ) --------------------------------
- = 3.
x 1 tg x 2
) y = arcsin 3x, B 1 3
--- ; arcsin --- ; ) y = arctg --- , B -2; --- . 1 + tg x tg ---
4
5 5 2 4 4

30. : 7. a) ctg x = l; ) ctg 2x + --- = 2;


3
) y = x + arccos x + 1; ) y = x arctg x.
2
31. ) ctg x
--- 3- = 1;
1
) ----------
- = 7 2.
2 tg x
x
y = arctg 1
------------- [0; 1].
1+x 8. a) cos (1,5 + x) = 2 sin (x + ) cos x;
) 2 sin x cos x + 3 2 cos x 3 sin x = 0;
) sin 2x = (cos x sin x)2; ) tg3 3x 2 sin3 3x = 0;
4.
) 2 tg x cos x + 1 = 2 cos x + tg x.

: 9. ) sin x + cos2 x = 1
--- ; ) 3 cos x = 2 sin2 x;
4
1. a) sin x = 1
--- ; ) sin 2x + --- = 1; ) 6 cos2 x + 13 sin x = 12;
2 4
) 3 cos2 x 4 cos x sin2 x 2 = 0;
) 2 sin x cos x 3 sin 2x = 0;
) cos4 x x
--- + sin2 --- = 1;
) sin x x 1
--- cos --- cos --- sin --- = --- ; 5 5
2 3 2 3 4
2 cos x 1
) sin x = 1. - sin2 x = sin2 x.
) sin x -----------------------------
2 cos x 1

2. a) cos x = 0; ) cos 3x --- = 1; 10. a) tg2 x 4 tg x + 3 = 0; ) 2 tg x 2 ctg x = 3;


6
3 1
- = 4 tg x;
) -------------- - = ctg x + 3.
) --------------
) sin4 x x 1
--- cos4 --- = --- ; cos x 2 sin x 2
2 2 2
11. a) 2 cos x (cos x 8 tg x) = 5;
) cos --- cos x sin --- sin x = --- ; ) cos x2 = 1.
6 6 4
) cos --- sin --- (sec x + tg x) = sin --- cos x;
4 6 4
3. 2 cos ---- -sin x 13 + ------2- = 3.
6 2 ) log2 (3 sin x) log2 cos x log2 (1 tg x) log2 (1 + tg x) = 1.

74 75
12. a) sin4 2x + cos4 2x = sin 2x cos 2x; 18. a) sin2 x + 3 sin x cos x + 2 cos2 x = 0;
) sin4 x + cos4 x 2 sin 2x + 3 ) 2 cos2 x + 3 sin 2x 8 sin2 x = 0;
--- sin2 2x = 0;
4 ) 3 sin2 x + 5 cos2 x 2 cos 2x 4 sin 2x = 0;
) sin4 x+ cos4 x + sin 2x + a = 0; ) 2 sin2 x 5 sin x cos x 8 cos2 x = 2;
1 3 1
) ------------------------------
- + -------------------------- 4 = 0; - = 4 sin x + 6 cos x.
) ------------
sin 2 xcos 2 x sin x cos x cos x
) tg 5x + 2 sin 10x = 5 sin 5x.
19. a) sin3 x + 4 cos3 x = 0;
13. a) cos 2x 3 sin x + 2 = 0; ) sin2 x (1 + tg x) = 3 sin x (cos x sin x) + 3;
) cos (10 x +12) + 4 2 sin (5x + 6) = 4; ) sin4 x + sin3 x cos x + sin2 x cos2 x + sin x cos3 x +
) 6 sin2 x + 2 sin2 2x = 5; ) a sin2x + cos x = 0. + cos4 x = 1;
) (8a2 + 1) sin3 x (4a2 + 1) sin x + 2a cos3 x = 0.
14. :
20. :
) f(x) = e3 4x 2 12x + 9 4 sin2 x
--- ; ) y = 3 cos 2 x 5 sin 2x + 4 cos 2;
2
) y = 8 sin 2x + 6 cos2 x + 17x + 1;
) f(x) = sin2 3x + 3 x 2 4x + 4 + cos 1;
) y = cos3 x 3 cos x + 3x
------- 3 sin 3;
) f(x) = 2x 0,25 sin 4x + 0,5 sin 2x; 8
1
) f(x) = log2 3 + x(1 10 ) + ( 2 2 5 + cos x)sin x; ) y = 8 (cos 2 cos x) sin x ------------
-;
sin x
) y = 9 ctg x ctg3 x + tg 2.
1
) f(x) = (2 2 1)(1 + cos x) ------2- sin 2x + ------
- 2 x.
4 2
:
:

15. a) cos3 x + cos2 x 4 cos2 x


--- = 0;
21. a) ------3- cos x + 1 3
--- sin x = ------- ; ) 3 sin x + cos x = 2;
2 2 2 2

) 4 cos x (2 3 sin2 x) = (1 + cos 2x); ) sin 5x = 3 (1 + cos 5x); ) cos x + sin x = 1;


1
- 3 ctg --- x = 3;
) tg3 x 1 + --------------- ) sin x + cos x ctg x
--- = 3 ;
cos 2 x 2 2

) 8 cos4 x 8 cos2 x cos x + 1 = 0. 22. a) sin |x| tg 5x = cos x; ) cos x sin x = a;

16. a) sin x = 5 cos x; ) sin x cos x = 0; ) (sin 2x + 3 cos 2x)2 5 = cos --- 2x ;
6
) sin x + cos x = 0; ) |sin x| = sin x + 2 cos x;
) cos 6x + tg2 x + cos 6x tg2 x = 1.
) cos2 x 4 sin x cos x = 0.
tg 2x + tg x tg 3x tg 2x
23. a) -------------------------------------
- = 1; ) -----------------------------------------
- = 1;
17. a) sin x + sin 2x = cos x + 2 cos2 x; 1 tg 2x tg x 1 + tg 3x tg 2x
) sin 2x sin2 x = 2 sin x 4 cos x; ) 2 tg 3x 3 tg 2x = 2x tg 3x; tg2
) ctg x + ctg 15 + ctg (x + 25) = ctg 15 ctg x ctg (x + 25).
) tg x + sin ( + x) = 2 sin2 x
--- ;
2
24. a) sin x + tg x
--- = 0; ) 1 + cos x + tg x
--- = 0;
) (1 + sin 2x)(cos x sin x) = cos x + sin x; 2 2
) 3 (cos x sin x) = 1 + cos 2x sin 2x. ) tg 2x + ctg x = 4 sin 2x;

76 77
12. a) sin4 2x + cos4 2x = sin 2x cos 2x; 18. a) sin2 x + 3 sin x cos x + 2 cos2 x = 0;
) sin4 x + cos4 x 2 sin 2x + 3 ) 2 cos2 x + 3 sin 2x 8 sin2 x = 0;
--- sin2 2x = 0;
4 ) 3 sin2 x + 5 cos2 x 2 cos 2x 4 sin 2x = 0;
) sin4 x+ cos4 x + sin 2x + a = 0; ) 2 sin2 x 5 sin x cos x 8 cos2 x = 2;
1 3 1
) ------------------------------
- + -------------------------- 4 = 0; - = 4 sin x + 6 cos x.
) ------------
sin 2 xcos 2 x sin x cos x cos x
) tg 5x + 2 sin 10x = 5 sin 5x.
19. a) sin3 x + 4 cos3 x = 0;
13. a) cos 2x 3 sin x + 2 = 0; ) sin2 x (1 + tg x) = 3 sin x (cos x sin x) + 3;
) cos (10 x +12) + 4 2 sin (5x + 6) = 4; ) sin4 x + sin3 x cos x + sin2 x cos2 x + sin x cos3 x +
) 6 sin2 x + 2 sin2 2x = 5; ) a sin2x + cos x = 0. + cos4 x = 1;
) (8a2 + 1) sin3 x (4a2 + 1) sin x + 2a cos3 x = 0.
14. :
20. :
) f(x) = e3 4x 2 12x + 9 4 sin2 x
--- ; ) y = 3 cos 2 x 5 sin 2x + 4 cos 2;
2
) y = 8 sin 2x + 6 cos2 x + 17x + 1;
) f(x) = sin2 3x + 3 x 2 4x + 4 + cos 1;
) y = cos3 x 3 cos x + 3x
------- 3 sin 3;
) f(x) = 2x 0,25 sin 4x + 0,5 sin 2x; 8
1
) f(x) = log2 3 + x(1 10 ) + ( 2 2 5 + cos x)sin x; ) y = 8 (cos 2 cos x) sin x ------------
-;
sin x
) y = 9 ctg x ctg3 x + tg 2.
1
) f(x) = (2 2 1)(1 + cos x) ------2- sin 2x + ------
- 2 x.
4 2
:
:

15. a) cos3 x + cos2 x 4 cos2 x


--- = 0;
21. a) ------3- cos x + 1 3
--- sin x = ------- ; ) 3 sin x + cos x = 2;
2 2 2 2

) 4 cos x (2 3 sin2 x) = (1 + cos 2x); ) sin 5x = 3 (1 + cos 5x); ) cos x + sin x = 1;


1
- 3 ctg --- x = 3;
) tg3 x 1 + --------------- ) sin x + cos x ctg x
--- = 3 ;
cos 2 x 2 2

) 8 cos4 x 8 cos2 x cos x + 1 = 0. 22. a) sin |x| tg 5x = cos x; ) cos x sin x = a;

16. a) sin x = 5 cos x; ) sin x cos x = 0; ) (sin 2x + 3 cos 2x)2 5 = cos --- 2x ;
6
) sin x + cos x = 0; ) |sin x| = sin x + 2 cos x;
) cos 6x + tg2 x + cos 6x tg2 x = 1.
) cos2 x 4 sin x cos x = 0.
tg 2x + tg x tg 3x tg 2x
23. a) -------------------------------------
- = 1; ) -----------------------------------------
- = 1;
17. a) sin x + sin 2x = cos x + 2 cos2 x; 1 tg 2x tg x 1 + tg 3x tg 2x
) sin 2x sin2 x = 2 sin x 4 cos x; ) 2 tg 3x 3 tg 2x = 2x tg 3x; tg2
) ctg x + ctg 15 + ctg (x + 25) = ctg 15 ctg x ctg (x + 25).
) tg x + sin ( + x) = 2 sin2 x
--- ;
2
24. a) sin x + tg x
--- = 0; ) 1 + cos x + tg x
--- = 0;
) (1 + sin 2x)(cos x sin x) = cos x + sin x; 2 2
) 3 (cos x sin x) = 1 + cos 2x sin 2x. ) tg 2x + ctg x = 4 sin 2x;

76 77
) 15 ctg x 53 x
--- + 130 sin x = ------ tg --- ;
2 5 2 35. a) sin x --- sin x + 2
------- = cos x + --- ;
6 3 4
x x
) 59
------ cos x + 6 sin x tg --- = 4 tg x ctg --- ; ) 1 + sin 2x = (sin 3x cos 3x)2;
4 2 2
) cos 5x + cos 7x = cos ( + 6x);

) 2 sin2 -x --- = 2 sin2 x tg x. ) cos x cos 3x = 2 3 sin2 x;
4 4
25. 36. a) sin x + sin 3x + 4 cos3x = 0;
) cos x cos 2x = sin 3x;
1 tg 2 x 2 tg x
1 + cos 2x + sin 2x = 0 1 + ----------------------
- + ----------------------
- = 0? ) sin x + 2 sin 2x = sin 3x;
2 1 + tg x 1 + tg x
2
sin x + sin 2x
) ------------------------------------
- = 1.
: sin 3x

26. ) cos 3x = 2 cos x; ) cos 9x 2 cos 6x = 2; 37. a) 2 sin 10x + sin 2x = cos 2x;
) cos 4x = cos2 3x. ) ctg x sin 2x cos 2x = 1;
27. ) 3 sin x
--- = sin x; ) sin 6x + 2 = 2 cos 4x; ) tg 2x cos 3x + sin 3x + 2 sin 5x = 0;
3

3x x ) 2 sin x + --- + 2 cos x
--- + --- =
- + 3 sin x = 3 sin --- ;
) sin ------ 3 2 4
2 2

) sin --- + 3x 3 x
------- = 2 sin ------- + --- . = 3 sin x
--- + --- + 3 cos x
--- + --- .
4 2 4 2 4 8 4 8

28. 3 cos x + 3 sin x + sin 3x cos 3x = 0. 38. a) sin x + sin 2x + sin 3x + sin 4x = 0;
x ) cos 9x cos 7x + cos 3x cos x = 0;
29. a) sin x + sin 3x
------- = a sin --- ; ) cos 5x sin 5x = sin 7x cos 7x;
2 2
) a2 sin2 3x = sin2 x, a > 0. ) sin 7x + cos2 2x = sin2 2x + sin x;
30. a cos x + b sin x = c, a2 + b2 0. ) cos 2x sin 3x cos 8x = sin 10x cos 5x.
31. ) 2 cos x + 3 sin x = 2; ) sin x + cos x = a2; 39. a) sin x + sin 2x + sin 3x = 1 + cos x + cos 2x;
) sin 2x + 3 cos 2x = a; ) 5 sin x + 6 sin 2x + 5 sin 3x + sin 4x = 0;
) 2 cos2 6x 9 sin2 6x + 4 sin 6x cos 6x = a + 5. ) cosec x cosec 2x = cosec 4x;
) sin a + sin (x a) + sin (2x + a) = sin (x + a) + sin (2x a).
32. p p cos x 2 sin x = 2 +
40.
+ 2 p ?
33. f(x) = 1 1 1 1
--- sin 2x + --- sin 4x + --- sin 6x + --- sin 8.
2 4 6 8

f(x) = sin 3x + 4
--- cos 3x ax. :
3
41. a) tg 3x tg x = 0; ) tg x + tg 2x tg 3x = 0.
: 42. ) cos 3x cos 6x = cos 4x cos 7x;
) sin 2x sin 6x = cos x cos 3x;
34. a) sin x + sin x + --- = 0; ) sin 4x sin 2x = 0;
4 ) cos 3x sin 7x = cos 2x sin 8x;
) sin 5x cos 3x = sin 6x cos 2x;
) sin2 x cos2 x = cos x
--- ; ) cos 2x cos 6x = 0;
2
) sin x + --- sin x ------

=1
--- .
) cos (3x 4) = sin ( x); e) sin x2 = sin (x2 + 2x). 4 12 2

78 79
) 15 ctg x 53 x
--- + 130 sin x = ------ tg --- ;
2 5 2 35. a) sin x --- sin x + 2
------- = cos x + --- ;
6 3 4
x x
) 59
------ cos x + 6 sin x tg --- = 4 tg x ctg --- ; ) 1 + sin 2x = (sin 3x cos 3x)2;
4 2 2
) cos 5x + cos 7x = cos ( + 6x);

) 2 sin2 -x --- = 2 sin2 x tg x. ) cos x cos 3x = 2 3 sin2 x;
4 4
25. 36. a) sin x + sin 3x + 4 cos3x = 0;
) cos x cos 2x = sin 3x;
1 tg 2 x 2 tg x
1 + cos 2x + sin 2x = 0 1 + ----------------------
- + ----------------------
- = 0? ) sin x + 2 sin 2x = sin 3x;
2 1 + tg x 1 + tg x
2
sin x + sin 2x
) ------------------------------------
- = 1.
: sin 3x

26. ) cos 3x = 2 cos x; ) cos 9x 2 cos 6x = 2; 37. a) 2 sin 10x + sin 2x = cos 2x;
) cos 4x = cos2 3x. ) ctg x sin 2x cos 2x = 1;
27. ) 3 sin x
--- = sin x; ) sin 6x + 2 = 2 cos 4x; ) tg 2x cos 3x + sin 3x + 2 sin 5x = 0;
3

3x x ) 2 sin x + --- + 2 cos x
--- + --- =
- + 3 sin x = 3 sin --- ;
) sin ------ 3 2 4
2 2

) sin --- + 3x 3 x
------- = 2 sin ------- + --- . = 3 sin x
--- + --- + 3 cos x
--- + --- .
4 2 4 2 4 8 4 8

28. 3 cos x + 3 sin x + sin 3x cos 3x = 0. 38. a) sin x + sin 2x + sin 3x + sin 4x = 0;
x ) cos 9x cos 7x + cos 3x cos x = 0;
29. a) sin x + sin 3x
------- = a sin --- ; ) cos 5x sin 5x = sin 7x cos 7x;
2 2
) a2 sin2 3x = sin2 x, a > 0. ) sin 7x + cos2 2x = sin2 2x + sin x;
30. a cos x + b sin x = c, a2 + b2 0. ) cos 2x sin 3x cos 8x = sin 10x cos 5x.
31. ) 2 cos x + 3 sin x = 2; ) sin x + cos x = a2; 39. a) sin x + sin 2x + sin 3x = 1 + cos x + cos 2x;
) sin 2x + 3 cos 2x = a; ) 5 sin x + 6 sin 2x + 5 sin 3x + sin 4x = 0;
) 2 cos2 6x 9 sin2 6x + 4 sin 6x cos 6x = a + 5. ) cosec x cosec 2x = cosec 4x;
) sin a + sin (x a) + sin (2x + a) = sin (x + a) + sin (2x a).
32. p p cos x 2 sin x = 2 +
40.
+ 2 p ?
33. f(x) = 1 1 1 1
--- sin 2x + --- sin 4x + --- sin 6x + --- sin 8.
2 4 6 8

f(x) = sin 3x + 4
--- cos 3x ax. :
3
41. a) tg 3x tg x = 0; ) tg x + tg 2x tg 3x = 0.
: 42. ) cos 3x cos 6x = cos 4x cos 7x;
) sin 2x sin 6x = cos x cos 3x;
34. a) sin x + sin x + --- = 0; ) sin 4x sin 2x = 0;
4 ) cos 3x sin 7x = cos 2x sin 8x;
) sin 5x cos 3x = sin 6x cos 2x;
) sin2 x cos2 x = cos x
--- ; ) cos 2x cos 6x = 0;
2
) sin x + --- sin x ------

=1
--- .
) cos (3x 4) = sin ( x); e) sin x2 = sin (x2 + 2x). 4 12 2

78 79
43. ) sin2 x + sin2 2x = sin2 3x; ) sin x + sin2 x + cos3 x = 0;
) cos2 x + cos2 2x + cos2 3x + cos2 4x = 2; x x
) sin ------- + cos ------- = 2 sin x.
2 2
) sin 7x + sin 9x = 2 cos2 --- x cos2 --- + 2x ;
4 4
1
51. a) a sin x + tg x+ 1 = ------------
-;
9 cos x
) sin2 2x + sin2 x = ------ .
16
) sin 2x 2 2b (sin x cos x) + 1 4b = 0;
x
44. ) sin x + sin 2x + sin 3x = 1
--- ctg --- ;
2 2 ) sin3 x + cos3 x + a sin x + --- = 0.
4
) cos x + cos 2x + cos 3x = 0,5.
45. a) sin3 x cos 3x + cos3 x sin 3x + 0,375 = 0; 52.

) cos3 x cos 3x + sin3 x sin 3x = ------2- . f(x) = 8x 8(sin x cos x) cos 2x + 1.


4
:
46. a) sin x sin --- x sin --- + x = 1
--- ; 4 11
3 3 8 53. ) sin2 x + 2 tg2 x + ------
- tg x sin x + ------ = 0;
3 12
) 8 cos x cos --- x cos --- + x + 1 = 0; ) 8 cos x + 6 sin x cos 2x 7 = 0;
3 3

) sin4 x + sin4 x
--- + --- + cos4 x = 0,5 sin2 2x.
) tg x tg x + --- tg x + 2
------- = 3. 2 8
3 3
47. a) sin 3x = 4 sin x cos 2x; ) sin 3x cos x = 1,5 tg x; 54. a) cos x x
--- 2 sin x sin x + 1 + sin --- 2 cos x cos x = 0;
4 4
5
) tg x ctg 3x = 4; ) 6 tg x + --------------
- = tg 2x; ) 3 sin 3x = cos 4x sin 9x cos 10x.
tg 3x
) sin x cos x sin 3x cos 3x sin2 x = 6 ctg x.
55. a) tg x + 1
--- ctg x =
1
--------------- 1 1;
9 cos 2 x
48. a) 2 sin 3x sin x + (3 2 1) cos 2x = 3;
) 2 cos 4x + 5 cos 2x 1 = 2 sin2 x; ) sin x + 3 cos x = 2 + cos 2x + 3 sin 2x .
) 2 + cos 4x = 5 cos 2x + 8 sin6 x;
3
) tg2x + cos 4x = 0; ) tg x + ctg x cos 4x = 3. 56. a) 2 cos 2x + 2 = ----------------------------------
-;
1 + 4 cos 2x
49. a) sin4 x 2 cos2 x + a2 = 0;
) cos4 x sin2 x cos2 x 3 sin4 x = 2 cos 2x 2a cos 4x; ) sin x = a cos x .

) cos6 x sin6 x = a
--- cos 2x. 4
8 57. a) sin x + 2 cos x = 0; ) sin x + cos x = 0;
50. a) sin 2x 12 (sin x cos x) +12 = 0;
) 2 cos x = 2 + 2sin 2x ;
1 1 5
- + -------------------------------- = 4 sin x + ------- ;
) ------------
sin x
sin x -------
3 4 ) cos 2 x cos 2 3x = sin 2x;
2

) sin x + 3 cos x = 0,5 + cos --- x ;
) 1 + tg x = 2 2 sin x; 6

) sin x + --- = ------


1
- (1 sin x cos x); ) 1 a sin x 1 + 2a sin x
--------------------------- -------------------------------- = 1.
4 2 1 + a sin x 1 2a sin x

80 81
43. ) sin2 x + sin2 2x = sin2 3x; ) sin x + sin2 x + cos3 x = 0;
) cos2 x + cos2 2x + cos2 3x + cos2 4x = 2; x x
) sin ------- + cos ------- = 2 sin x.
2 2
) sin 7x + sin 9x = 2 cos2 --- x cos2 --- + 2x ;
4 4
1
51. a) a sin x + tg x+ 1 = ------------
-;
9 cos x
) sin2 2x + sin2 x = ------ .
16
) sin 2x 2 2b (sin x cos x) + 1 4b = 0;
x
44. ) sin x + sin 2x + sin 3x = 1
--- ctg --- ;
2 2 ) sin3 x + cos3 x + a sin x + --- = 0.
4
) cos x + cos 2x + cos 3x = 0,5.
45. a) sin3 x cos 3x + cos3 x sin 3x + 0,375 = 0; 52.

) cos3 x cos 3x + sin3 x sin 3x = ------2- . f(x) = 8x 8(sin x cos x) cos 2x + 1.


4
:
46. a) sin x sin --- x sin --- + x = 1
--- ; 4 11
3 3 8 53. ) sin2 x + 2 tg2 x + ------
- tg x sin x + ------ = 0;
3 12
) 8 cos x cos --- x cos --- + x + 1 = 0; ) 8 cos x + 6 sin x cos 2x 7 = 0;
3 3

) sin4 x + sin4 x
--- + --- + cos4 x = 0,5 sin2 2x.
) tg x tg x + --- tg x + 2
------- = 3. 2 8
3 3
47. a) sin 3x = 4 sin x cos 2x; ) sin 3x cos x = 1,5 tg x; 54. a) cos x x
--- 2 sin x sin x + 1 + sin --- 2 cos x cos x = 0;
4 4
5
) tg x ctg 3x = 4; ) 6 tg x + --------------
- = tg 2x; ) 3 sin 3x = cos 4x sin 9x cos 10x.
tg 3x
) sin x cos x sin 3x cos 3x sin2 x = 6 ctg x.
55. a) tg x + 1
--- ctg x =
1
--------------- 1 1;
9 cos 2 x
48. a) 2 sin 3x sin x + (3 2 1) cos 2x = 3;
) 2 cos 4x + 5 cos 2x 1 = 2 sin2 x; ) sin x + 3 cos x = 2 + cos 2x + 3 sin 2x .
) 2 + cos 4x = 5 cos 2x + 8 sin6 x;
3
) tg2x + cos 4x = 0; ) tg x + ctg x cos 4x = 3. 56. a) 2 cos 2x + 2 = ----------------------------------
-;
1 + 4 cos 2x
49. a) sin4 x 2 cos2 x + a2 = 0;
) cos4 x sin2 x cos2 x 3 sin4 x = 2 cos 2x 2a cos 4x; ) sin x = a cos x .

) cos6 x sin6 x = a
--- cos 2x. 4
8 57. a) sin x + 2 cos x = 0; ) sin x + cos x = 0;
50. a) sin 2x 12 (sin x cos x) +12 = 0;
) 2 cos x = 2 + 2sin 2x ;
1 1 5
- + -------------------------------- = 4 sin x + ------- ;
) ------------
sin x
sin x -------
3 4 ) cos 2 x cos 2 3x = sin 2x;
2

) sin x + 3 cos x = 0,5 + cos --- x ;
) 1 + tg x = 2 2 sin x; 6

) sin x + --- = ------


1
- (1 sin x cos x); ) 1 a sin x 1 + 2a sin x
--------------------------- -------------------------------- = 1.
4 2 1 + a sin x 1 2a sin x

80 81
2
58. ) 1 + 4 sin x cos x = cos x sin x; 66. a) 2 2 sin x sin x --- 3 cos x --- + 1 = 0;
4 4
) cos 2x sin 4x = sin x cos x; 2
) 4 2 sin x cos x --- + 3 =
1 + tg x 4
) -------------------- = sin x + cos x;
1 tg x = 2 (1 + 3 ) sin x --- ;
4
) 4 sin 3x + 3 = 2 sin 3x + 2 ; 2
) 2 sin x 3 sin x + --- + cos x + --- = 2;
6 6
) 13 18 tg x = 6 tg x 3; 2

) 2 2 sin x ------ cos x --- + 1 = 3 sin x --- .
12
= 2 sin 3x + --- .
3 3
) 1 + 8 sin 2x cos 2 2x
4 67. a) 2 cos 4x + 7 (cos x + sin x)2 + 2 = 0;
3 tg x ) cos 6x 12 cos3 x = 4 9 cos x;
59. a) 2 3 sin x = ------------------------------- 3;
2 sin x 1 ) 3 cos 4x = 14 (sin x cos x)2 3;
) 48 sin x cos 6x = 5 + 64 sin3 x.
) 3cos x + sin x 2 + ctg 3x + sin 2 x 1 3x 1
--- = sin ------- + ------- .
4 2 2 68. a) cos x + cos x 2x 2x 4x
--- = cos ------- + 1; ) sin 2x sin ------- = cos ------- ;
3 3 3 3

60. cos x 1
--- + cos x + 1
--- = a, a R. ) cos x 1 = cos 2x cos 3x; ) sin --- + 1 = sin --- + cos x
x x
--- .
2 3 2 6 3

61. ) log5 tg x = (log5 4) log4 (3 sin x); 69. a) sin x = cos4 x x


--- sin4 --- ; ) 3 sin 2x + sin2 x = cos2 x;
2 2
sin x ) sin4 x + 1 = cos4 x; ) 3 tg x + 2 cos 2x = 2.
) log9 sin 2x = log3 ------------- .
5 70. a) |sin x| = 2 cos x; ) |cos x| = 3 sin x;
2x ) sin 3x = tg |x| cos 3x.
62. a) 2cos 2x = 3 2 cos 4; ) ctg 2x = tg 2x + 2 tg 2x + 1;
:
) x3 sin 2x + 2 = x.
x y = 6,5,
71. )
63. a) sin 2x = cos 3x; ) sin 3x + cos x = 0; 3 cos2 x 12 cos y = 4;
) cos 5x = sin 3x; ) cos 3x + sin 4x = 0. x + y = 2
------- , cos x + cos y = a,
3
64. a) cos 3x + cos 5x = cos 4x; ) sin 3x + sin 6x + sin 9x = 0; ) sin x
------------- = 2;
) x + y = --- .
4
) sin x + cos 9x = sin 4x; ) cos 4x sin 3x = cos 2x. sin y

sin 3x cos 2y = 2a cos 3x sin 2y,


65. a) sin 2x + 3 sin x --- = 2; 72. a)
cos (x y) = 0,5;
4

) 6 sin 2x 5 2 sin x --- = 7; sin x sin y = ------3- ,


4 4 tg x + tg y = 2,
) ) cos x cos y = 0,5;
cos x cos y = ------3- ;
) sin 2x + 3 sin x + --- + 2 = 0; 4
4
sin x cos y = 1
--- ,
) sin 2x + 4 cos x + --- + 5 = 0. ) 4
4 3 tg x = tg y.

82 83
2
58. ) 1 + 4 sin x cos x = cos x sin x; 66. a) 2 2 sin x sin x --- 3 cos x --- + 1 = 0;
4 4
) cos 2x sin 4x = sin x cos x; 2
) 4 2 sin x cos x --- + 3 =
1 + tg x 4
) -------------------- = sin x + cos x;
1 tg x = 2 (1 + 3 ) sin x --- ;
4
) 4 sin 3x + 3 = 2 sin 3x + 2 ; 2
) 2 sin x 3 sin x + --- + cos x + --- = 2;
6 6
) 13 18 tg x = 6 tg x 3; 2

) 2 2 sin x ------ cos x --- + 1 = 3 sin x --- .
12
= 2 sin 3x + --- .
3 3
) 1 + 8 sin 2x cos 2 2x
4 67. a) 2 cos 4x + 7 (cos x + sin x)2 + 2 = 0;
3 tg x ) cos 6x 12 cos3 x = 4 9 cos x;
59. a) 2 3 sin x = ------------------------------- 3;
2 sin x 1 ) 3 cos 4x = 14 (sin x cos x)2 3;
) 48 sin x cos 6x = 5 + 64 sin3 x.
) 3cos x + sin x 2 + ctg 3x + sin 2 x 1 3x 1
--- = sin ------- + ------- .
4 2 2 68. a) cos x + cos x 2x 2x 4x
--- = cos ------- + 1; ) sin 2x sin ------- = cos ------- ;
3 3 3 3

60. cos x 1
--- + cos x + 1
--- = a, a R. ) cos x 1 = cos 2x cos 3x; ) sin --- + 1 = sin --- + cos x
x x
--- .
2 3 2 6 3

61. ) log5 tg x = (log5 4) log4 (3 sin x); 69. a) sin x = cos4 x x


--- sin4 --- ; ) 3 sin 2x + sin2 x = cos2 x;
2 2
sin x ) sin4 x + 1 = cos4 x; ) 3 tg x + 2 cos 2x = 2.
) log9 sin 2x = log3 ------------- .
5 70. a) |sin x| = 2 cos x; ) |cos x| = 3 sin x;
2x ) sin 3x = tg |x| cos 3x.
62. a) 2cos 2x = 3 2 cos 4; ) ctg 2x = tg 2x + 2 tg 2x + 1;
:
) x3 sin 2x + 2 = x.
x y = 6,5,
71. )
63. a) sin 2x = cos 3x; ) sin 3x + cos x = 0; 3 cos2 x 12 cos y = 4;
) cos 5x = sin 3x; ) cos 3x + sin 4x = 0. x + y = 2
------- , cos x + cos y = a,
3
64. a) cos 3x + cos 5x = cos 4x; ) sin 3x + sin 6x + sin 9x = 0; ) sin x
------------- = 2;
) x + y = --- .
4
) sin x + cos 9x = sin 4x; ) cos 4x sin 3x = cos 2x. sin y

sin 3x cos 2y = 2a cos 3x sin 2y,


65. a) sin 2x + 3 sin x --- = 2; 72. a)
cos (x y) = 0,5;
4

) 6 sin 2x 5 2 sin x --- = 7; sin x sin y = ------3- ,


4 4 tg x + tg y = 2,
) ) cos x cos y = 0,5;
cos x cos y = ------3- ;
) sin 2x + 3 sin x + --- + 2 = 0; 4
4
sin x cos y = 1
--- ,
) sin 2x + 4 cos x + --- + 5 = 0. ) 4
4 3 tg x = tg y.

82 83
tg x 2 sin y = 2; 5. a) |sin x| > 1 1
--- ; ) |cos x| < --- ; ) |tg x| m 1;
73. a) 2 2
5 tg x + 2 sin y = 4;

4 sin y 6 2 cos x = 5 + 4 cos2 y, ) |ctg x| < 3.


)
cos 2x = 0; 6. a) 1 1
--- m sin x < --- ; ) 1 1
--- < cos x m --- ;
3 2 2 4
1 a+3
------------- cos y = ------------- , 1
------------- tg y = 2a + 2, ) 2 < tg x < 3; ) 4 < ctg x m 1,5.
sin x 3 cos x
) ) 7. 2 sin2 x + 3 sin x 3 > 0.
sin x cos y = a
--- ; tg y + (a2 + 2a) cos x = 0.
3 8. cos 2x + 5 cos x + 3 l 0.
9. tg2 x + (2 3 ) tg x 2 3 < 0.
sin x sin y = 1
--- , cos (x + y) = 1
--- , 10. ctg2 x + ctg x l 0.
4 2
74. ) ) 11. 2( 2 1) sin x 2 cos 2x + 2 2 < 0.
cos x cos y = 3
--- ; cos (x y) = ------2- ;
cos x + sin x --- > 0.
4 2 12.
4
cos x cos y = 1
--- , sin x cos y = cos x, 13. cos3 x sin 3x + cos 3x sin3 x < 3
--- .
) 4 ) 8
tg x tg y = 3; sin x + cos y = sin2 x.
14. cos x cos 2x cos 3x m 0. 15. sin4 x x 1
--- + cos4 --- > --- .
3 3 2

16. sin6 x+ cos6 x> 5


--- . 17. 8 sin6 x cos6 x > 0.
8
5.
18. tg x tg 3x < 1. 19. 3 sin 2x 1 > sin x + cos x.
: 20. sin 2x > 2 sin2 x + (2 2 ) cos2 x, 0 < x < 2.
21. |sin x| > cos2 x. 22. 5 2 sin x l 6 sin x 1.
1. a) sin 2x > 0; ) sin x
--- < 0; ) sin x + --- m 1
--- ;
2 4 2 23. 1 cos x < tg x sin x.
1 24. 9 1 + sin
2 x
+ 30 9 cos
2 x
m 117.
) sin (2x 1) > ------
-; ) sin x m 1.
2
:
2. a) cos x
--- > 0; ) cos 4x < 0; ) cos x --- l 1
--- ;
3 6 2 25. y = sin x . 26. y = cos x 2 .
2x
) cos x 1 2
--- + --- < ------- ; ) cos x l 1. 27. y = arcsin ------------
-. 28. y = arccos (2 sin x).
2 4 2 1+x
29. y = ctg x + arccos 2x.
3. a) tg 2x > 0; ) tg x
--- < 0; 30. , y = sin2 x
4
x ; --- .
) tg x + --- l 1; ) tg (3x 2) < 3 . 2
3
31. , y = cos3 x
4. ) ctg x < 0; ) ctg x --- l 1; ) ctg 2x + --- < 2. x --- ; 3
------- .
4 3 2 4

84 85
tg x 2 sin y = 2; 5. a) |sin x| > 1 1
--- ; ) |cos x| < --- ; ) |tg x| m 1;
73. a) 2 2
5 tg x + 2 sin y = 4;

4 sin y 6 2 cos x = 5 + 4 cos2 y, ) |ctg x| < 3.


)
cos 2x = 0; 6. a) 1 1
--- m sin x < --- ; ) 1 1
--- < cos x m --- ;
3 2 2 4
1 a+3
------------- cos y = ------------- , 1
------------- tg y = 2a + 2, ) 2 < tg x < 3; ) 4 < ctg x m 1,5.
sin x 3 cos x
) ) 7. 2 sin2 x + 3 sin x 3 > 0.
sin x cos y = a
--- ; tg y + (a2 + 2a) cos x = 0.
3 8. cos 2x + 5 cos x + 3 l 0.
9. tg2 x + (2 3 ) tg x 2 3 < 0.
sin x sin y = 1
--- , cos (x + y) = 1
--- , 10. ctg2 x + ctg x l 0.
4 2
74. ) ) 11. 2( 2 1) sin x 2 cos 2x + 2 2 < 0.
cos x cos y = 3
--- ; cos (x y) = ------2- ;
cos x + sin x --- > 0.
4 2 12.
4
cos x cos y = 1
--- , sin x cos y = cos x, 13. cos3 x sin 3x + cos 3x sin3 x < 3
--- .
) 4 ) 8
tg x tg y = 3; sin x + cos y = sin2 x.
14. cos x cos 2x cos 3x m 0. 15. sin4 x x 1
--- + cos4 --- > --- .
3 3 2

16. sin6 x+ cos6 x> 5


--- . 17. 8 sin6 x cos6 x > 0.
8
5.
18. tg x tg 3x < 1. 19. 3 sin 2x 1 > sin x + cos x.
: 20. sin 2x > 2 sin2 x + (2 2 ) cos2 x, 0 < x < 2.
21. |sin x| > cos2 x. 22. 5 2 sin x l 6 sin x 1.
1. a) sin 2x > 0; ) sin x
--- < 0; ) sin x + --- m 1
--- ;
2 4 2 23. 1 cos x < tg x sin x.
1 24. 9 1 + sin
2 x
+ 30 9 cos
2 x
m 117.
) sin (2x 1) > ------
-; ) sin x m 1.
2
:
2. a) cos x
--- > 0; ) cos 4x < 0; ) cos x --- l 1
--- ;
3 6 2 25. y = sin x . 26. y = cos x 2 .
2x
) cos x 1 2
--- + --- < ------- ; ) cos x l 1. 27. y = arcsin ------------
-. 28. y = arccos (2 sin x).
2 4 2 1+x
29. y = ctg x + arccos 2x.
3. a) tg 2x > 0; ) tg x
--- < 0; 30. , y = sin2 x
4
x ; --- .
) tg x + --- l 1; ) tg (3x 2) < 3 . 2
3
31. , y = cos3 x
4. ) ctg x < 0; ) ctg x --- l 1; ) ctg 2x + --- < 2. x --- ; 3
------- .
4 3 2 4

84 85
32.
tgx x
, 0 < x1 < x2 < --- , ------------2 > -----2- . a a IV
2 tgx 1 x1
: aa a a a
33. f(x) = 2 sin a cos x + 1 1
--- cos 3x + ------------------------ .
3
4a a
2 a
cos a 1
34. f(x) = 1 ------------
- sin 2x + --- sin ( + 4x) +
4 8
a3
+ x cos
----------------------- + 2a a 2 + 3 . 1.
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86 87
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86 87
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88 89
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90 91
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