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2006
51(076.2)
22.1721
87

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87 ( ) /
. . , . . . .:
: , 2006.
464 .: . ( ).
ISBN 5-488-00573-0 ( )
ISBN 5-94666-317-8 ( )
3000
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51(076.2)
22.1721
ISBN 5-488-00573-0
( )
ISBN 5-94666-317-8
( )
. ., . ., 2006
.
, 2006

3000 -
. -
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.

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2 3
I 4. , |a| < |b|:
) b < a < b, b > 0;
) b < a < b, b < 0.
5. , |x + y| m |x| + |y|.
. 6. , |x y| l |x| |y|.
x
7. , : ) |xy| = |x| |y|; ) x
--- = ------ , y 0.
8. , :
y y

) a b ,
a b
--- + --- l 2,
b a

1. . a = b;
) a b ,
a b
--- + --- m 2,
b a
. .
( ) a a = b.
, : , a 0, b 0 -
1) a a > 0;
a b
2) a = 0; --- + --- l 2,
b a
3) a a < 0.
. a = b.
a |a|. 9. :
a -
) ax = x2; ) (a 2)x = a2 4; ) (a2 9)x = a2 + 27.
:
10. :
a a > 0, ) 4x > 5; ) 5x + 6 m 3x 8; ) ax m 1; ) ax > 1.
|a| = 0 a = 0,
a a < 0. 11. :
3x > 1, 2x < , x > 1, 3x + 2 l 0,
a = 0 |a| = 0 = a = a, - ) x < 3; ) x > 1; ) 2x + 1 m 5; )
x+ 5 < 0.

: 12. x N,
5x 7 < 2x + 8.
a a l 0, a a > 0, :
1) |a| = a a < 0 2) |a| = a a m 0.
13. ) |x 1| = 3; ) |x + 2| = 1; ) |3 x| = a; ) |x a| = 2.
1. |x| m x m |x|. 14. ) |x 3| = x 3; ) |x 3| = 3 x; ) |x 3| = x.
2. , a > 0 |x| < a 15. ) |2x 1| = |x + 3|; ) |x a| = |x 4|.
a < x < a ( a l 0 |x| m a 16. ) |x 4| + |x + 4| = 9; ) |x 4| + |x + 4| = 8;
a m x m a). ) |x 4| |x + 4| = 8; ) |x + 4| |x 4| = 8.
3. , x - 17. |x 3| + |x + 2| |x 4| = 3.
|x| > a, , - 18. a |2x + 3| + |2x 3| =
: x > a, x < a. = ax + 6 ?

4 5
I 4. , |a| < |b|:
) b < a < b, b > 0;
) b < a < b, b < 0.
5. , |x + y| m |x| + |y|.
. 6. , |x y| l |x| |y|.
x
7. , : ) |xy| = |x| |y|; ) x
--- = ------ , y 0.
8. , :
y y

) a b ,
a b
--- + --- l 2,
b a

1. . a = b;
) a b ,
a b
--- + --- m 2,
b a
. .
( ) a a = b.
, : , a 0, b 0 -
1) a a > 0;
a b
2) a = 0; --- + --- l 2,
b a
3) a a < 0.
. a = b.
a |a|. 9. :
a -
) ax = x2; ) (a 2)x = a2 4; ) (a2 9)x = a2 + 27.
:
10. :
a a > 0, ) 4x > 5; ) 5x + 6 m 3x 8; ) ax m 1; ) ax > 1.
|a| = 0 a = 0,
a a < 0. 11. :
3x > 1, 2x < , x > 1, 3x + 2 l 0,
a = 0 |a| = 0 = a = a, - ) x < 3; ) x > 1; ) 2x + 1 m 5; )
x+ 5 < 0.

: 12. x N,
5x 7 < 2x + 8.
a a l 0, a a > 0, :
1) |a| = a a < 0 2) |a| = a a m 0.
13. ) |x 1| = 3; ) |x + 2| = 1; ) |3 x| = a; ) |x a| = 2.
1. |x| m x m |x|. 14. ) |x 3| = x 3; ) |x 3| = 3 x; ) |x 3| = x.
2. , a > 0 |x| < a 15. ) |2x 1| = |x + 3|; ) |x a| = |x 4|.
a < x < a ( a l 0 |x| m a 16. ) |x 4| + |x + 4| = 9; ) |x 4| + |x + 4| = 8;
a m x m a). ) |x 4| |x + 4| = 8; ) |x + 4| |x 4| = 8.
3. , x - 17. |x 3| + |x + 2| |x 4| = 3.
|x| > a, , - 18. a |2x + 3| + |2x 3| =
: x > a, x < a. = ax + 6 ?

4 5
: ,
19. ) |x| > a; ) |x 1| > 1; ) |x 1| > 1.
k1 = 1
--- .
20. ) |x| < a; ) |x + 2| m 2; ) |x + 2| < 2. k
21. ) |2x + 1| > x; ) |2x + 3| m 4x. , (x0; y0) -
22. ) |1 3x| |x + 2| m 2; ) |x + 2| + |x 3| > 5. k,
23. : y y0 = k(x x0),
|x| l x, |x| m x,
) ) , M1(x1; y1)
2x 1 > 3; |x + 2| > 1.
24. a f(x) = (a 2)x + 3a 4, M2(x2; y2),
x (; +), : ) ; ) ? x x1 y y1
------------------- = ------------------ .
25. a f(x) = (a + 3)x + 5a, x2 x1 y2 y1
x (; +), ?
26. k, f(x) = (k 1)x + y = f(x) (x0; y0), y0 = f(x0), -
+ k2 3, x (; +): ) ; ) f(x0), -
. y = f(x) (x0; y0)
27. m, y = (m2 y y0 = f(x0) (x x0),
4)x + |m|, x (; +), .
. (. . , -
28. f(x). , ) y = f(x)
F(x) = f(f(x)) . 1
- (x x0).
y y0 = ---------------
f ( x 0 )
. - :
xOy.
29. ) y = 2x; ) y = 1
--- x.
y (. 1), - 3
b Oy ( - 30. ) y = x 2; ) y = 3 x.
+ ),
kx 31. ) y = 2x 1; ) y = 1 3x.
= y = kx + b, k = tg , 32. ) y = |x 1|; ) y = |x + 2|.
y
O x 33. ) y = |1 + 2x|; ) y = |4x + 2|.
tg ,
34. y = ||x 1| 2|.
-
Ox, b , - 35. y = |x + 2| + |x 3|. 36. y = |2x + 1| |2x 2|.
. 1 x x2
Oy; 37. y = x + -----
-. 38. y = x + |x 1| + ---------------
-.
x x2
, Oy -
x = x0 Ox, :
y
x = x0, x x0 = 0; 39. ------------
x + 1 = 1.
- 40. |y| + x = 1.
, Ox - 41. |x| + |y| = 2. 42. |y 3| = |x 1|.
y = y0 Oy,
y = y0, y y0 = 0. xOy , -
:
y = kx + b y = k1x + b1 , 43. y > x. 44. y < x.
: k = k1. - 45. y l |x|. 46. x > |y|.

6 7
: ,
19. ) |x| > a; ) |x 1| > 1; ) |x 1| > 1.
k1 = 1
--- .
20. ) |x| < a; ) |x + 2| m 2; ) |x + 2| < 2. k
21. ) |2x + 1| > x; ) |2x + 3| m 4x. , (x0; y0) -
22. ) |1 3x| |x + 2| m 2; ) |x + 2| + |x 3| > 5. k,
23. : y y0 = k(x x0),
|x| l x, |x| m x,
) ) , M1(x1; y1)
2x 1 > 3; |x + 2| > 1.
24. a f(x) = (a 2)x + 3a 4, M2(x2; y2),
x (; +), : ) ; ) ? x x1 y y1
------------------- = ------------------ .
25. a f(x) = (a + 3)x + 5a, x2 x1 y2 y1
x (; +), ?
26. k, f(x) = (k 1)x + y = f(x) (x0; y0), y0 = f(x0), -
+ k2 3, x (; +): ) ; ) f(x0), -
. y = f(x) (x0; y0)
27. m, y = (m2 y y0 = f(x0) (x x0),
4)x + |m|, x (; +), .
. (. . , -
28. f(x). , ) y = f(x)
F(x) = f(f(x)) . 1
- (x x0).
y y0 = ---------------
f ( x 0 )
. - :
xOy.
29. ) y = 2x; ) y = 1
--- x.
y (. 1), - 3
b Oy ( - 30. ) y = x 2; ) y = 3 x.
+ ),
kx 31. ) y = 2x 1; ) y = 1 3x.
= y = kx + b, k = tg , 32. ) y = |x 1|; ) y = |x + 2|.
y
O x 33. ) y = |1 + 2x|; ) y = |4x + 2|.
tg ,
34. y = ||x 1| 2|.
-
Ox, b , - 35. y = |x + 2| + |x 3|. 36. y = |2x + 1| |2x 2|.
. 1 x x2
Oy; 37. y = x + -----
-. 38. y = x + |x 1| + ---------------
-.
x x2
, Oy -
x = x0 Ox, :
y
x = x0, x x0 = 0; 39. ------------
x + 1 = 1.
- 40. |y| + x = 1.
, Ox - 41. |x| + |y| = 2. 42. |y 3| = |x 1|.
y = y0 Oy,
y = y0, y y0 = 0. xOy , -
:
y = kx + b y = k1x + b1 , 43. y > x. 44. y < x.
: k = k1. - 45. y l |x|. 46. x > |y|.

6 7
xOy , - 1
11. (arcsin x) = -------------------
- , |x| < 1.
: 1 x2
47. y + |y| x |x| = 0. 48. |x + y| + |x y| = 4.
1
49. |y|x = x. 50. |x y| + y = 0. 12. (arccos x) = -------------------
- , |x| < 1.
1 x2
51. a, y -
x = 0, 1
13. (arctg x) = ---------------
-.
1 + x2
2x + 1 x m 0,
y = x + a x > 0. 1
14. (arcctg x) = ---------------
-.
1+x 2

. u(x) v(x) - , ,
D R , - , D R,
:
(uv) = uv + vu 1. (c f(x)) = c f(x), c = const.
x D, 2. [(f(x))] = (f(x)) 1 f(x), f(x) > 0 R; f(x) R
= 2n + 1, n Z.
u = uv vu
--v- ------------------------
v2 3. (ef(x)) = ef(x) f(x).
4. (af(x)) = af(x) ln a f(x), a > 0, a 1.
x D, v(x) 0. f ( x )
- , f(x) 0.
5. (ln|f(x)|) = ------------
52. : f(x)
) y = |3x + 1|; ) y = |x + 1| + x + 1; f ( x )
- , f(x) 0, a > 0, a 1.
6. (loga |f(x)|) = --------------------
) y = |x + 1| + |x 1|; ) y = |x 3| |x + 3|. f ( x )lna
7. (sin f(x)) = cos f(x) f(x).
8. (cos f(x)) = sin f(x) f(x).
: f ( x )
- , f(x) --- + n, n Z.
9. (tg f(x)) = ----------------------
cos f ( x )
2 2
53. ) y = 3 x; ) y = --1- x + 1.
x f ( x )
- , f(x) n, n Z.
10. (ctg f(x)) = ----------------------
54. ) y = 2 + |x 4|; ) y = 3 |x|. sin 2 f ( x )
55. ) y = (|x + 10| + |x 10|); ) y = |x 4| |x + 5|; f ( x )
) y = |x + 4| |x + 3| + |x + 2| |x + 1| + |x|. 11. (arcsin f(x)) = ---------------------------
- , |f(x)| < 1.
1 f2(x )
f ( x )
12. (arccos f(x)) = ---------------------------
- , |f(x)| < 1.
1. C = 0, C = const. 1 f2(x )
2. (x) = x 1, x > 0, R; x R = 2n + 1, n Z. f ( x )
13. (arctg f(x)) = -----------------------
-.
3. (ex) = ex. 4. (ax) = ax ln a, a > 0, a 1. 1 + f (x)
2

f ( x )
5. (ln |x|) = --1- . 1
- , |x| 0, a > 0, a 1.
6. (loga |x|) = ------------- 14. (arcctg f(x)) = -----------------------
1 + f (x)
2
-.
x x ln a
7. (sin x) = cos x. 8. (cos x) = sin x. :
1 56. ) y = |2x 1|; ) y = 2 |3 4x|.
- , x --- + n, n Z.
9. (tg x) = --------------
cos x 2 2 57. ) y = |3x + 2| + |2x 3|; ) y = |x + 7| 2|x 2|.
1
- , x n, n Z.
10. (ctg x) = -------------- 58. y = 2|x 1| 3|x + 2| + x.
2
sin x 59. y = |x 2| + |x a|.

8 9
xOy , - 1
11. (arcsin x) = -------------------
- , |x| < 1.
: 1 x2
47. y + |y| x |x| = 0. 48. |x + y| + |x y| = 4.
1
49. |y|x = x. 50. |x y| + y = 0. 12. (arccos x) = -------------------
- , |x| < 1.
1 x2
51. a, y -
x = 0, 1
13. (arctg x) = ---------------
-.
1 + x2
2x + 1 x m 0,
y = x + a x > 0. 1
14. (arcctg x) = ---------------
-.
1+x 2

. u(x) v(x) - , ,
D R , - , D R,
:
(uv) = uv + vu 1. (c f(x)) = c f(x), c = const.
x D, 2. [(f(x))] = (f(x)) 1 f(x), f(x) > 0 R; f(x) R
= 2n + 1, n Z.
u = uv vu
--v- ------------------------
v2 3. (ef(x)) = ef(x) f(x).
4. (af(x)) = af(x) ln a f(x), a > 0, a 1.
x D, v(x) 0. f ( x )
- , f(x) 0.
5. (ln|f(x)|) = ------------
52. : f(x)
) y = |3x + 1|; ) y = |x + 1| + x + 1; f ( x )
- , f(x) 0, a > 0, a 1.
6. (loga |f(x)|) = --------------------
) y = |x + 1| + |x 1|; ) y = |x 3| |x + 3|. f ( x )lna
7. (sin f(x)) = cos f(x) f(x).
8. (cos f(x)) = sin f(x) f(x).
: f ( x )
- , f(x) --- + n, n Z.
9. (tg f(x)) = ----------------------
cos f ( x )
2 2
53. ) y = 3 x; ) y = --1- x + 1.
x f ( x )
- , f(x) n, n Z.
10. (ctg f(x)) = ----------------------
54. ) y = 2 + |x 4|; ) y = 3 |x|. sin 2 f ( x )
55. ) y = (|x + 10| + |x 10|); ) y = |x 4| |x + 5|; f ( x )
) y = |x + 4| |x + 3| + |x + 2| |x + 1| + |x|. 11. (arcsin f(x)) = ---------------------------
- , |f(x)| < 1.
1 f2(x )
f ( x )
12. (arccos f(x)) = ---------------------------
- , |f(x)| < 1.
1. C = 0, C = const. 1 f2(x )
2. (x) = x 1, x > 0, R; x R = 2n + 1, n Z. f ( x )
13. (arctg f(x)) = -----------------------
-.
3. (ex) = ex. 4. (ax) = ax ln a, a > 0, a 1. 1 + f (x)
2

f ( x )
5. (ln |x|) = --1- . 1
- , |x| 0, a > 0, a 1.
6. (loga |x|) = ------------- 14. (arcctg f(x)) = -----------------------
1 + f (x)
2
-.
x x ln a
7. (sin x) = cos x. 8. (cos x) = sin x. :
1 56. ) y = |2x 1|; ) y = 2 |3 4x|.
- , x --- + n, n Z.
9. (tg x) = --------------
cos x 2 2 57. ) y = |3x + 2| + |2x 3|; ) y = |x + 7| 2|x 2|.
1
- , x n, n Z.
10. (ctg x) = -------------- 58. y = 2|x 1| 3|x + 2| + x.
2
sin x 59. y = |x 2| + |x a|.

8 9
x + 1 x < 2, D = p2 4q l 0,
60. y = a x = 2,
5 x x > 2. x1, 2 = -------------------------------------
p p 2 4q
; D = 0,
2
a, -
x = 2. : x1, 2 = --p- ; D < 0,
2
61. .
y = |x a| [1; 2] (a 1; a 2).
ax2 + 2bx + c = 0 D l 0
:
x1,2 = --------------------------------
b b 2 ac
-,
62. ) |4x |x 1| + 7| = 16; ) |3x + |x 2| + 8| = 15; a
) |2x + |x + 1| 6| = 12; ) |x |x + 2| + 5| = 13.
63. ) |x 2| + |3 x| = 1; ) |4x 3| + |5 4x| = 2; x2 + 2px + q = 0 x1, 2 = p p2 q .
) |1 2x| + |4 2x| = 3; ) |3x 4| + |8 3x| = 4. y = ax2 + bx + c -
b 4ac b 2
: ------
- ; ---------------------- .
2a 4a
64. ) |9 2x| |2 3x| l 1; ) |7 4x| |1 3x| m 1;
) |8 3x| |1 5x| l 1; ) |2 4x| |3 2x| m 1. p p 2 4q
x1 = ------------------------------------- x2 = -------------------------------------
p + p 2 4q
-
65. ) |x + 2| > ||2x 1| 6| 1; ) 4||x 1| 5| |x + 1| m 1; 2 2
) 1 + 3||x + 2| 4| m 2|x 3|; ) |x 2| |4 3|x + 1|| l 1.
x2 + px + q = 0 (1)
, = p2 4q >
2. . > 0. :

1. (1) p > 0, q > 0,
ax2 + bx + c = 0 (a 0) . x1 < x2 < 0.
D = b2 4ac - 2. (1) p < 0, q > 0,
. D l 0, - 0 < x1 < x2.
: 3. (1) p > 0, q < 0,
x1, 2 = --------------------------------------
b b 2 4ac
-. x1 < 0 < x2.
2a
4. (1) p < 0, q < 0,
b x1 < 0 < x2.
D = 0, : x1, 2 = ------
- ; D < 0,
2a
5. (1) p > 0, q = 0,
. x1 < x2 = 0.
-
6. (1) p < 0, q = 0,

0 = x1 < x2.
x1 + x2 = --b- , x1x2 = --c- .
a a 7. (1) p = 0, q < 0,
x1 < 0 < x2.
x2 + px + q = 0 .
. 1. :
, - ) x2 7x + 12 = 0; ) x2 + 4x + 5 = 0;
, : ) 6x2 5x + 1 = 0; ) 3x2 + 10x + 3 = 0;
x1 + x2 = p, x1x2 = q. ) x2 2x 5 = 0; ) 2x2 + x 8 = 0.

10 11
x + 1 x < 2, D = p2 4q l 0,
60. y = a x = 2,
5 x x > 2. x1, 2 = -------------------------------------
p p 2 4q
; D = 0,
2
a, -
x = 2. : x1, 2 = --p- ; D < 0,
2
61. .
y = |x a| [1; 2] (a 1; a 2).
ax2 + 2bx + c = 0 D l 0
:
x1,2 = --------------------------------
b b 2 ac
-,
62. ) |4x |x 1| + 7| = 16; ) |3x + |x 2| + 8| = 15; a
) |2x + |x + 1| 6| = 12; ) |x |x + 2| + 5| = 13.
63. ) |x 2| + |3 x| = 1; ) |4x 3| + |5 4x| = 2; x2 + 2px + q = 0 x1, 2 = p p2 q .
) |1 2x| + |4 2x| = 3; ) |3x 4| + |8 3x| = 4. y = ax2 + bx + c -
b 4ac b 2
: ------
- ; ---------------------- .
2a 4a
64. ) |9 2x| |2 3x| l 1; ) |7 4x| |1 3x| m 1;
) |8 3x| |1 5x| l 1; ) |2 4x| |3 2x| m 1. p p 2 4q
x1 = ------------------------------------- x2 = -------------------------------------
p + p 2 4q
-
65. ) |x + 2| > ||2x 1| 6| 1; ) 4||x 1| 5| |x + 1| m 1; 2 2
) 1 + 3||x + 2| 4| m 2|x 3|; ) |x 2| |4 3|x + 1|| l 1.
x2 + px + q = 0 (1)
, = p2 4q >
2. . > 0. :

1. (1) p > 0, q > 0,
ax2 + bx + c = 0 (a 0) . x1 < x2 < 0.
D = b2 4ac - 2. (1) p < 0, q > 0,
. D l 0, - 0 < x1 < x2.
: 3. (1) p > 0, q < 0,
x1, 2 = --------------------------------------
b b 2 4ac
-. x1 < 0 < x2.
2a
4. (1) p < 0, q < 0,
b x1 < 0 < x2.
D = 0, : x1, 2 = ------
- ; D < 0,
2a
5. (1) p > 0, q = 0,
. x1 < x2 = 0.
-
6. (1) p < 0, q = 0,

0 = x1 < x2.
x1 + x2 = --b- , x1x2 = --c- .
a a 7. (1) p = 0, q < 0,
x1 < 0 < x2.
x2 + px + q = 0 .
. 1. :
, - ) x2 7x + 12 = 0; ) x2 + 4x + 5 = 0;
, : ) 6x2 5x + 1 = 0; ) 3x2 + 10x + 3 = 0;
x1 + x2 = p, x1x2 = q. ) x2 2x 5 = 0; ) 2x2 + x 8 = 0.

10 11
2. : 14. x1 x2 x2 + 2(k 3)x + 9 = 0
) x2 3x 4 > 0; ) x2 3x 4 m 0; (x1 x2). k
) x2 + 4x + 4 > 0; ) 4x2 + 4x + 1 m 0; 6 < x1 < 1 6 < x2 < 1?
) 2x2 x + 5 > 0; ) x2 x + 1 < 0. 15. k, -
3. : (k 5)x2 2kx + k 4 = 0 1, 2.
2x2 5x + 2 = 0, x2 2x 3 = 0, 16. m mx2 9mx + 5m +
a) ) + 1 > 0 x R?
x 2 < 0; x + 4 l 0;
17. m,
x2 9 l 0, x2 6x + 5 l 0, 1 m x m 2 x2 mx +
) )
x 4 < 0; x2 25 m 0; + 1 < 0.
x2 + 6x + 9 m 0, x2 + x + 8 < 0, :
) )
2x 5 > 0; x2 + 6x + 5 = 0; 18. ) x2 |x| 2 = 0; ) x2 + 5|x| + 4 = 0.
2
19. ) 2x |5x 2| = 0; ) x2 |x 1| = 0.
|x 2| + |x 3| = 1,
) 2 2
20. ) |x + x 6| = x + x 6; ) |6x2 5x + 1| = 5x 6x2 1;
813x 974 m 163x2.
2 2
) |x + x| = x + x; ) |x2 x + 5| = x x2 5.
4. x1 x2 x2 + x 7 = 0.
2
21. ) |x 1| = x + 3; ) |x2 1| = |x + 3|.
2 2 3 3 4 4
, : ) x 1 + x 2 ; ) x 1 + x 2 ; ) x 1 + x 2 . 22. ) |2x2 1| = x2 2x 3; ) |2x2 1| = |x2 2x 3|.
5. ax2 + bx + c = 0. , x1, x2, 23. |x2 3|x| + 2| = x2 2x.
x3 - :
, a = b = c = 0. 24. ) x2 |x| 12 < 0; ) x2 + 2|x| 15 l 0;
6. a ) x 7|x| + 10 m 0;
2 ) 8x2 + |x| + 1 > 0;
(a2 3a + 2)x2 (a2 5a + 4)x + a a2 = 0 ) 4x2 + 2|x| + 0,25 < 0.
25. a) 3x2 |10x 3| > 0; ) x2 m |x 2|.
?
26. ) |x2 + x 20| m x2 + x 20; ) |x 2x2| > 2x2 x;
7. x2 + x + q = 0, p Z, q Z, -
) |x2 + 6x + 8| m x2 6x 8.
. , .
27. ) |x2 6| > 4x + 1; ) |x 3| > |x2 3|.
8. , x2 + (2m + 1)x + 2n + 1 = 0
28. ) |2x2 x 10| > |x2 8x 22|;
, m Z, n Z.
) |x2 5|x| + 4| l |2x2 3|x| + 1|.
9. a 2x2 (a3 + 8a
29. :
1)x + a2 4a = 0 ?
10. a, x2 ax + ) y = x 2 ; ) y = x 1 x 2 ; ) y = x 2 4x + 3 ; ) y =
+ 1 = 0 . 1 1
- ; ) y =
= ----------------------- 16 x 2 + x 2 + x ; ) y = x 2 x + -------------------
-.
11. k x2 + 2(k 1)x + k + 5 = x 2 + 4x 9 x2
= 0 ? 30. , f(x) = ax2 + bx + c (a 0) -
12. m, - .
2x2 + mx + m2 5 = 0: ) 1; ) 1. 31. a f(x) = x2 + (a 1)x + 2
13. k, - (1; 2)?
x2 (k + 1)x + k2 + k 8 = 0 2, 32. , f(x) = x2 6x + 1
2. : ) (; 3); ) (5; 7).

12 13
2. : 14. x1 x2 x2 + 2(k 3)x + 9 = 0
) x2 3x 4 > 0; ) x2 3x 4 m 0; (x1 x2). k
) x2 + 4x + 4 > 0; ) 4x2 + 4x + 1 m 0; 6 < x1 < 1 6 < x2 < 1?
) 2x2 x + 5 > 0; ) x2 x + 1 < 0. 15. k, -
3. : (k 5)x2 2kx + k 4 = 0 1, 2.
2x2 5x + 2 = 0, x2 2x 3 = 0, 16. m mx2 9mx + 5m +
a) ) + 1 > 0 x R?
x 2 < 0; x + 4 l 0;
17. m,
x2 9 l 0, x2 6x + 5 l 0, 1 m x m 2 x2 mx +
) )
x 4 < 0; x2 25 m 0; + 1 < 0.
x2 + 6x + 9 m 0, x2 + x + 8 < 0, :
) )
2x 5 > 0; x2 + 6x + 5 = 0; 18. ) x2 |x| 2 = 0; ) x2 + 5|x| + 4 = 0.
2
19. ) 2x |5x 2| = 0; ) x2 |x 1| = 0.
|x 2| + |x 3| = 1,
) 2 2
20. ) |x + x 6| = x + x 6; ) |6x2 5x + 1| = 5x 6x2 1;
813x 974 m 163x2.
2 2
) |x + x| = x + x; ) |x2 x + 5| = x x2 5.
4. x1 x2 x2 + x 7 = 0.
2
21. ) |x 1| = x + 3; ) |x2 1| = |x + 3|.
2 2 3 3 4 4
, : ) x 1 + x 2 ; ) x 1 + x 2 ; ) x 1 + x 2 . 22. ) |2x2 1| = x2 2x 3; ) |2x2 1| = |x2 2x 3|.
5. ax2 + bx + c = 0. , x1, x2, 23. |x2 3|x| + 2| = x2 2x.
x3 - :
, a = b = c = 0. 24. ) x2 |x| 12 < 0; ) x2 + 2|x| 15 l 0;
6. a ) x 7|x| + 10 m 0;
2 ) 8x2 + |x| + 1 > 0;
(a2 3a + 2)x2 (a2 5a + 4)x + a a2 = 0 ) 4x2 + 2|x| + 0,25 < 0.
25. a) 3x2 |10x 3| > 0; ) x2 m |x 2|.
?
26. ) |x2 + x 20| m x2 + x 20; ) |x 2x2| > 2x2 x;
7. x2 + x + q = 0, p Z, q Z, -
) |x2 + 6x + 8| m x2 6x 8.
. , .
27. ) |x2 6| > 4x + 1; ) |x 3| > |x2 3|.
8. , x2 + (2m + 1)x + 2n + 1 = 0
28. ) |2x2 x 10| > |x2 8x 22|;
, m Z, n Z.
) |x2 5|x| + 4| l |2x2 3|x| + 1|.
9. a 2x2 (a3 + 8a
29. :
1)x + a2 4a = 0 ?
10. a, x2 ax + ) y = x 2 ; ) y = x 1 x 2 ; ) y = x 2 4x + 3 ; ) y =
+ 1 = 0 . 1 1
- ; ) y =
= ----------------------- 16 x 2 + x 2 + x ; ) y = x 2 x + -------------------
-.
11. k x2 + 2(k 1)x + k + 5 = x 2 + 4x 9 x2
= 0 ? 30. , f(x) = ax2 + bx + c (a 0) -
12. m, - .
2x2 + mx + m2 5 = 0: ) 1; ) 1. 31. a f(x) = x2 + (a 1)x + 2
13. k, - (1; 2)?
x2 (k + 1)x + k2 + k 8 = 0 2, 32. , f(x) = x2 6x + 1
2. : ) (; 3); ) (5; 7).

12 13
: 47. y = x2 x1 = a,
33. ) y = x2; ) y = (x 2)2; x2 = 3a, a 0. . -
) y = 2(x 2) ;2 ) y = 2(x 2)2 1.
34. ) y = x ;2 ) y = (x + 1)2; ?
) y = 0,5(x + 1) ; 2 ) y = 2 0,5(x + 1)2. 48.
2
35. ) y = x + 5x + 6; ) y = 4x2 + 4x + 1; y = 2x2 + 16x 31, .
2
) y = x + x + 1. 49.
36. ) y = 3x x2 2; ) y = 2x x2 1; y = 2x2 + 8x, .
50. k y =
) y = x x2 1.
= 4x x2 M(1; 3):
37. ) y = x2 4|x| + 3; ) y = x2 + 4|x| + 3;
a) y = x2 6x + k;
) y = 2 |x| x2.
) y = x2 6x + k ?
38. ) y = |x2 + x|; ) y = |x2 2x|.
2
39. ) y = |x 3|x| + 2|; ) y = |x2 |x| 6|. :
40. ) y = |x|(x 2); ) y = (3 x)|x + 1|. 51. ) y = x2 6x + 1; ) y = x2 + 4x 3;
41. y = |x2 4| |x2 9|. ) y = 1
--- x2 + 5x; ) y = 1 1
--- x2 + 2,5x --- .
2 4 3
42. :
52. ) y = x2 |x|; ) y = 2x2
+ |x + 3|.
a) y = x2 6x + 15; ) y = x2 x + 5;
53. a) y = |x2 6x + 5|; ) y = |4x + x2|;
) y = 3x2 + x + sin 1; ) y = 4x2 (tg 2)x + ; ) y = |x2 + 2x + 6|.
) y = 1
--- x2 x 3 + 2 2 ; ) y = 1
--- x2 + x + arctg 4; 54. a) y = |x2 4| + |x + 3|; ) y = |x2 1| + |x2 3|.
2 3
55. a) y = x|2 x|; ) y = (x 5) |x 1|;
) y = (5x + 1)2; ) y = (0,5x 4)2; ) y = (x 2) |x 2|.
2
) y = ax + |a|; ) y = (a 1)x2 ax. 56. -
43. x0 :
: ) y = x2 3x + 1; ) y = x2 4x + 8;
) y = x2 5x + 6, x0 = 1; ) y = x2 + 3x, x0 = 2; 2
) y = 0,5x |x|; ) y = |0,5x 2 |x||.
57. -
) y = 1
--- x2 x, x0 = 1; ) y = 1
--- x2 + x, x0 = 0. :
2 2
44. x0 - ) y = 1
--- x2 x 2; ) y = 2x2 + 8x 3;
3
:
2
) y = |x 4| x2; ) y = ||x 4| x2|.
) y = 2x2 + x, x0 = 2; ) y = x2 + 2x, x0 = 3; ) y = x
------ + x 3 ,
2 :
x0 = 0; ) y = 2x x2, x0 = 1,5; ) y = 3x + 4x2, x0 = 2. 58. ) y = x2; ) y = x2; ) y = (x 1)2;
45. M (x0; y0) - ) y = (2 + x) ; ) y = x + 2x + 100; ) y = 4x2 + x 5.
2 2

## : 59. ) y = x|x|; ) y = |2x + 3|2; ) y = (x 2)|x + 1|.

) y = 3x2 6x + 1, M(0; 1); ) y = 0,5x2 4x + 3, M(1; 6,5); 2
60. ) y = x 3|x| + 2; ) y = x2 + 3|x| + 2;
) y = x2 4x + 8, M(2; 4). ) y = x2 |x 1| + 3.
46. a y = ax2 + 61. ) y = |x2 6|x| + 8|; ) y = |x2 |x 2| 14|.
+ x 3 M(1; a 2) y = 2x 1? 2 2
62. ) y = |x 1| |x 4|; ) y = |x2 4| + |x2 25|.

14 15
: 47. y = x2 x1 = a,
33. ) y = x2; ) y = (x 2)2; x2 = 3a, a 0. . -
) y = 2(x 2) ;2 ) y = 2(x 2)2 1.
34. ) y = x ;2 ) y = (x + 1)2; ?
) y = 0,5(x + 1) ; 2 ) y = 2 0,5(x + 1)2. 48.
2
35. ) y = x + 5x + 6; ) y = 4x2 + 4x + 1; y = 2x2 + 16x 31, .
2
) y = x + x + 1. 49.
36. ) y = 3x x2 2; ) y = 2x x2 1; y = 2x2 + 8x, .
50. k y =
) y = x x2 1.
= 4x x2 M(1; 3):
37. ) y = x2 4|x| + 3; ) y = x2 + 4|x| + 3;
a) y = x2 6x + k;
) y = 2 |x| x2.
) y = x2 6x + k ?
38. ) y = |x2 + x|; ) y = |x2 2x|.
2
39. ) y = |x 3|x| + 2|; ) y = |x2 |x| 6|. :
40. ) y = |x|(x 2); ) y = (3 x)|x + 1|. 51. ) y = x2 6x + 1; ) y = x2 + 4x 3;
41. y = |x2 4| |x2 9|. ) y = 1
--- x2 + 5x; ) y = 1 1
--- x2 + 2,5x --- .
2 4 3
42. :
52. ) y = x2 |x|; ) y = 2x2
+ |x + 3|.
a) y = x2 6x + 15; ) y = x2 x + 5;
53. a) y = |x2 6x + 5|; ) y = |4x + x2|;
) y = 3x2 + x + sin 1; ) y = 4x2 (tg 2)x + ; ) y = |x2 + 2x + 6|.
) y = 1
--- x2 x 3 + 2 2 ; ) y = 1
--- x2 + x + arctg 4; 54. a) y = |x2 4| + |x + 3|; ) y = |x2 1| + |x2 3|.
2 3
55. a) y = x|2 x|; ) y = (x 5) |x 1|;
) y = (5x + 1)2; ) y = (0,5x 4)2; ) y = (x 2) |x 2|.
2
) y = ax + |a|; ) y = (a 1)x2 ax. 56. -
43. x0 :
: ) y = x2 3x + 1; ) y = x2 4x + 8;
) y = x2 5x + 6, x0 = 1; ) y = x2 + 3x, x0 = 2; 2
) y = 0,5x |x|; ) y = |0,5x 2 |x||.
57. -
) y = 1
--- x2 x, x0 = 1; ) y = 1
--- x2 + x, x0 = 0. :
2 2
44. x0 - ) y = 1
--- x2 x 2; ) y = 2x2 + 8x 3;
3
:
2
) y = |x 4| x2; ) y = ||x 4| x2|.
) y = 2x2 + x, x0 = 2; ) y = x2 + 2x, x0 = 3; ) y = x
------ + x 3 ,
2 :
x0 = 0; ) y = 2x x2, x0 = 1,5; ) y = 3x + 4x2, x0 = 2. 58. ) y = x2; ) y = x2; ) y = (x 1)2;
45. M (x0; y0) - ) y = (2 + x) ; ) y = x + 2x + 100; ) y = 4x2 + x 5.
2 2

## : 59. ) y = x|x|; ) y = |2x + 3|2; ) y = (x 2)|x + 1|.

) y = 3x2 6x + 1, M(0; 1); ) y = 0,5x2 4x + 3, M(1; 6,5); 2
60. ) y = x 3|x| + 2; ) y = x2 + 3|x| + 2;
) y = x2 4x + 8, M(2; 4). ) y = x2 |x 1| + 3.
46. a y = ax2 + 61. ) y = |x2 6|x| + 8|; ) y = |x2 |x 2| 14|.
+ x 3 M(1; a 2) y = 2x 1? 2 2
62. ) y = |x 1| |x 4|; ) y = |x2 4| + |x2 25|.

14 15
71. , :
: ) x2 + (2a 1)x + a2 + 2 = 0
63. ) y = 3x2 x + 5 [1; 2]; 2 ;
) y = 4x2 + 5x 8 [2; 3]; ) px2 (p + 3)x + 3 = 0 1,5;
) y = x2 2x + 5 [1; 2]; ) x2 + bx + b + 2 = 0 2;
) y = x2 + 6x 1 [0; 4]. ) x2 (3c + 2)x + c2 = 0 9
64. ) y = x2 + |x + 2| [3; 1]; .
) y = (x 3) |2 x| [1; 4]; 72. , :
) y = |x2 4|x|| [1; 3]. ) 2x2 ( a 2 1 )x + a = 0 -
65. x1 x2 (x1 x2) f(x) = ax2 + bx + ;
+ c. , x0 (x1; x2), - ) 3x2 + c 2 3c + 2x + 3c = 0 ,
f(x) . ;
66. f(x) = ax2 + bx + c [x1; x2],
) 0,5x2 + p 2 5p + 6x + 2p = 0 -
f(x1) = f(x2) = A, x1 x2. ,
;
x0 (x1; x2), f(x)
. ) x2 + q 2 5q + 4x q + 2 = 0 -
67. f(x) = ax2 + bx + c (a 0) [x1; x2]. .
73. , -
x0 (x1; x2) , f(x2)
x, -
f(x1) = f(x0) (x2 x1). x0. , , x0. , :
68. : ) (a 3)x2 (a + 1)x + a + 1 > 0, x0 = 2;
) |x2 3|x 1|| < x + 2; ) |x2 + 2|x 3|| l 4x + 5;
) (2 b)x2 (b + 2)x b 2 > 0, x0 = 2;
) x + |x 2|2x + 1|| < 0,25; ) 2x |0,52 |1 6x|| m 3.
2

## 69. x1 x2 , ) (2c 1)x2 2(c + 2)x + 2c + 4 > 0, x0 = 2;

. - ) 3(1 d)x2 (3d + 1)x 3d 1 > 0, x0 = 2.
, : 74. a 2x2 (a + 1)x +
2 2 + (a 1) = 0 ?
) x2 + 5x + c = 0, x 1 + x 2 = 13;
75. a (2 x)(x + 1) = a
1 1 1 ?
) x2 + x + a = 0, -----
- + ------ = --- ;
x1 x2 2
2 2
) x2 + px 5 = 0, x 1 + x 2 = 11;
3.
1 1
) x2 + bx 1 = 0, -----
- + ------ = 4.
x1 x2
:
70. ,
: 1. ) --1- = 5; 2
) ------------ 4 1
- = 0; ) ------------- = a; ) ---------------- = a.
x x1 x+2 2x
) x2 2ax + 8a 15 = 0, (1; +); 3 2 2 x+1
- = --- ; ) ------------- + x = ------------- ;
2. ) ------------
) x2 + 2bx + 6b 8 = 0, (; 1); x1 x x1 x1
) x2 2cx + 5c 4 = 0, (0; +); x2 + 3 1 1 2
) ---------------
- = 2; ) ------------- + ------------- = ------------------------------------ .
) x2 + 2dx + 7d 12 = 0, (; 0). x+3 xa x1 (x a)(x 1)

16 17
71. , :
: ) x2 + (2a 1)x + a2 + 2 = 0
63. ) y = 3x2 x + 5 [1; 2]; 2 ;
) y = 4x2 + 5x 8 [2; 3]; ) px2 (p + 3)x + 3 = 0 1,5;
) y = x2 2x + 5 [1; 2]; ) x2 + bx + b + 2 = 0 2;
) y = x2 + 6x 1 [0; 4]. ) x2 (3c + 2)x + c2 = 0 9
64. ) y = x2 + |x + 2| [3; 1]; .
) y = (x 3) |2 x| [1; 4]; 72. , :
) y = |x2 4|x|| [1; 3]. ) 2x2 ( a 2 1 )x + a = 0 -
65. x1 x2 (x1 x2) f(x) = ax2 + bx + ;
+ c. , x0 (x1; x2), - ) 3x2 + c 2 3c + 2x + 3c = 0 ,
f(x) . ;
66. f(x) = ax2 + bx + c [x1; x2],
) 0,5x2 + p 2 5p + 6x + 2p = 0 -
f(x1) = f(x2) = A, x1 x2. ,
;
x0 (x1; x2), f(x)
. ) x2 + q 2 5q + 4x q + 2 = 0 -
67. f(x) = ax2 + bx + c (a 0) [x1; x2]. .
73. , -
x0 (x1; x2) , f(x2)
x, -
f(x1) = f(x0) (x2 x1). x0. , , x0. , :
68. : ) (a 3)x2 (a + 1)x + a + 1 > 0, x0 = 2;
) |x2 3|x 1|| < x + 2; ) |x2 + 2|x 3|| l 4x + 5;
) (2 b)x2 (b + 2)x b 2 > 0, x0 = 2;
) x + |x 2|2x + 1|| < 0,25; ) 2x |0,52 |1 6x|| m 3.
2

## 69. x1 x2 , ) (2c 1)x2 2(c + 2)x + 2c + 4 > 0, x0 = 2;

. - ) 3(1 d)x2 (3d + 1)x 3d 1 > 0, x0 = 2.
, : 74. a 2x2 (a + 1)x +
2 2 + (a 1) = 0 ?
) x2 + 5x + c = 0, x 1 + x 2 = 13;
75. a (2 x)(x + 1) = a
1 1 1 ?
) x2 + x + a = 0, -----
- + ------ = --- ;
x1 x2 2
2 2
) x2 + px 5 = 0, x 1 + x 2 = 11;
3.
1 1
) x2 + bx 1 = 0, -----
- + ------ = 4.
x1 x2
:
70. ,
: 1. ) --1- = 5; 2
) ------------ 4 1
- = 0; ) ------------- = a; ) ---------------- = a.
x x1 x+2 2x
) x2 2ax + 8a 15 = 0, (1; +); 3 2 2 x+1
- = --- ; ) ------------- + x = ------------- ;
2. ) ------------
) x2 + 2bx + 6b 8 = 0, (; 1); x1 x x1 x1
) x2 2cx + 5c 4 = 0, (0; +); x2 + 3 1 1 2
) ---------------
- = 2; ) ------------- + ------------- = ------------------------------------ .
) x2 + 2dx + 7d 12 = 0, (; 0). x+3 xa x1 (x a)(x 1)

16 17
: 17. :
3. a) --1- > 1; ) --1- m 1; 1
) ------------
- > 1; ) y = --3- , x0 = 1; 1
) y = -----
- , x0 = 2;
x x x2 x x
1 a a 1 x3
- m2;
) ------------ ) ------------
- > 1; - l 1.
) ------------ ) y = 2x
----------------- , x0 = 0; ) y = ---------------
- , x0 = 1.
x+3 x1 x+1 x1 x+1
1 1 1 1 18. x0 Ox
4. a) ------------
- ------------- > 0; - m ----------------- .
) ----------------
x1 x+3 2x 3 2x + 5 :
x 2 5x + 4 x+3 2
5. - l 0;
a) ----------------------------- ) ------------------------------------
- < 0.
1
) y = ------------
- , x0 = 2; ) y = x
------------- , x0 = 0;
x4 3x + 10x + 3
2 1x x+3
2x x1
2
- m 1;
6. ) --------------- 2
) --------------- 3 ;
- > ----------------
- ) y = 1
----------------- , x0 = 3; ) y = ---------------
- , x0 = 2;
x+2 x2 2x 1 x x+3
3x
x2 4x + 4 x2 1 2(x + 1)
- + ---------------- 12 < 0; ) x 2 1 --- < ---------------------- .
) -----------------------------
1
) y = --1- ------------
- , x0 = 2; ) y = 2 1
----------------- + ------ , x0 = 1.
x 2 6x + 9 x3 a 3a x 1x 2x + 1 x

## : 19. P(x0; y0) -

:
7. ) y = --2- ; ) y = --1- ; 1
) y = ------------
-;
1
) y = ------------
-.
x x 2+x 1x ) y = --3- , P(3; 1); 1
) y = ------------
- , P(1; 1);
1 1 x x2
8. a) y = ---------------
-; ) y = -------------------
-.
x3 2x + 1 x3 3 x2 1 1
- , P 0; --- ; ) y = ----------------- ---------------- , P 1; --- .
) y = ---------------
x+2 2 2x + 1 x3 6
9. ) y = 2 + --1- ; ) y =1 --2- ;
x x 1
20. y = x
------------- M, -
1 1 1 x+1
) y = ------------
- --- ; ) y = 3 ------------
-.
x+1 2 x2 : ) y = 2x + 1;
+1 1
10. ) y = x
------------- ; ) y = x
------------- ; ) y = 1
--- x 3.
x1 x+1 8
2 +2 21. , ,
) y = 2x
----------------- ; ) y = x
------------- .
x+3 3x 4
y= x
------------- , -
1 2 x2
11. ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = -------------------------
-.
2 x x1 1 .
x4 1x 22.
12. ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = ---------------
-.
x+2 x+3 +9
y= x
------------- , .
x1 x 2 x+5
13. ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = -------------------------
-.
x 1 x+3 1 +b
23. , y = ax
----------------
x1 x+1 1 x2 9 2 cx + d
14. ) y = ---------------
- + ---------------- --- ; ) y = ---------------- x + ------------- .
x1 x+1 x x+3 x1
(x1; x2) ad bc, c 0, x = d
---
: c
(x1; x2).
15. ) y = --1- ; ) y = --2- ; 1
) y = ---------------------
-;
1
) y = ------------
-.
x x 2(x + 1) 1x 24. :
3
2
16. ) y = 1 ------------
-;
1
) y = 3 + ----------------
-; ) y = x
------------- [0; 2];
x+2 2x 1 x+1
3 x4 +1
) y = 2x
----------------- ; ) y = ----------------
-. ) y = 2x
----------------- [1; 1].
x+1 1 3x x2

18 19
: 17. :
3. a) --1- > 1; ) --1- m 1; 1
) ------------
- > 1; ) y = --3- , x0 = 1; 1
) y = -----
- , x0 = 2;
x x x2 x x
1 a a 1 x3
- m2;
) ------------ ) ------------
- > 1; - l 1.
) ------------ ) y = 2x
----------------- , x0 = 0; ) y = ---------------
- , x0 = 1.
x+3 x1 x+1 x1 x+1
1 1 1 1 18. x0 Ox
4. a) ------------
- ------------- > 0; - m ----------------- .
) ----------------
x1 x+3 2x 3 2x + 5 :
x 2 5x + 4 x+3 2
5. - l 0;
a) ----------------------------- ) ------------------------------------
- < 0.
1
) y = ------------
- , x0 = 2; ) y = x
------------- , x0 = 0;
x4 3x + 10x + 3
2 1x x+3
2x x1
2
- m 1;
6. ) --------------- 2
) --------------- 3 ;
- > ----------------
- ) y = 1
----------------- , x0 = 3; ) y = ---------------
- , x0 = 2;
x+2 x2 2x 1 x x+3
3x
x2 4x + 4 x2 1 2(x + 1)
- + ---------------- 12 < 0; ) x 2 1 --- < ---------------------- .
) -----------------------------
1
) y = --1- ------------
- , x0 = 2; ) y = 2 1
----------------- + ------ , x0 = 1.
x 2 6x + 9 x3 a 3a x 1x 2x + 1 x

## : 19. P(x0; y0) -

:
7. ) y = --2- ; ) y = --1- ; 1
) y = ------------
-;
1
) y = ------------
-.
x x 2+x 1x ) y = --3- , P(3; 1); 1
) y = ------------
- , P(1; 1);
1 1 x x2
8. a) y = ---------------
-; ) y = -------------------
-.
x3 2x + 1 x3 3 x2 1 1
- , P 0; --- ; ) y = ----------------- ---------------- , P 1; --- .
) y = ---------------
x+2 2 2x + 1 x3 6
9. ) y = 2 + --1- ; ) y =1 --2- ;
x x 1
20. y = x
------------- M, -
1 1 1 x+1
) y = ------------
- --- ; ) y = 3 ------------
-.
x+1 2 x2 : ) y = 2x + 1;
+1 1
10. ) y = x
------------- ; ) y = x
------------- ; ) y = 1
--- x 3.
x1 x+1 8
2 +2 21. , ,
) y = 2x
----------------- ; ) y = x
------------- .
x+3 3x 4
y= x
------------- , -
1 2 x2
11. ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = -------------------------
-.
2 x x1 1 .
x4 1x 22.
12. ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = ---------------
-.
x+2 x+3 +9
y= x
------------- , .
x1 x 2 x+5
13. ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = -------------------------
-.
x 1 x+3 1 +b
23. , y = ax
----------------
x1 x+1 1 x2 9 2 cx + d
14. ) y = ---------------
- + ---------------- --- ; ) y = ---------------- x + ------------- .
x1 x+1 x x+3 x1
(x1; x2) ad bc, c 0, x = d
---
: c
(x1; x2).
15. ) y = --1- ; ) y = --2- ; 1
) y = ---------------------
-;
1
) y = ------------
-.
x x 2(x + 1) 1x 24. :
3
2
16. ) y = 1 ------------
-;
1
) y = 3 + ----------------
-; ) y = x
------------- [0; 2];
x+2 2x 1 x+1
3 x4 +1
) y = 2x
----------------- ; ) y = ----------------
-. ) y = 2x
----------------- [1; 1].
x+1 1 3x x2

18 19
25. y = --k- (k > 0) [x1; x2]. - 4x3 3x2 1 x1
x
x0 (x1; x2) , y(x2) y(x1) = 4x3 4x2 4x2 + x + 1
x2 1
= y(x0)(x2 x1). x0. 2 4x3 3x2 1 = (x 1)(4x2 + x + 1).
x x
x1
x 1

4. . . 0
: x = 1.

() n- anxn + an 1 xn 1 + ... + a1x + a0 = 0, an 0, n l 1 (2)
Pn(x) = an xn + ... + a1x + a0 (an 0)
n- .
x x0
. -
Pn ( x ) R ,
---------------- = Qn 1(x) + ---------------- , (1)
x x0 x x0 .

## Qn 1(x) ( (n 1)- ), R - 2. 2x3 + 3x2 x + 2 = 0.

. 1, 2. -
, 2 .
. R Pn(x) 2x3 + 3x2 x + 2 x + 2, -
x x0 Pn(x) x0, . . R = 2x2 2x + 1;

= Pn(x0). (x + 2)(2x2 2x + 1) = 0.
, (1) Pn(x) =
x = 2,
= Qn 1(x)(x x0) + R. 2x2 2x + 1 .
Pn(x0) = Qn 1(x0)(x0 x0) + R, R = Pn(x0). : x = 2.

. x0 ( ) - . -
Pn(x), Pn(x0) = 0. m m
----- , ----- -
k k
. x0 - , m, -
Pn(x), . . Pn(x0) = 0, Pn(x) x x0 - k.
.
Pn(x0) = Qn 1(x0)(x0 x0) + R = 0 R = 0, 3. 3x3 + x2 + x 2 = 0.
1, 2, -
Pn(x) = Qn 1(x)(x x0).
1, 3. , -

1. 4x3 3x2 1 = 0. 1, 2, 1 2
--- , --- . -
3 3
, x = 1
, x = 2
--- .
4x3 3x2 1: 3

20 21
25. y = --k- (k > 0) [x1; x2]. - 4x3 3x2 1 x1
x
x0 (x1; x2) , y(x2) y(x1) = 4x3 4x2 4x2 + x + 1
x2 1
= y(x0)(x2 x1). x0. 2 4x3 3x2 1 = (x 1)(4x2 + x + 1).
x x
x1
x 1

4. . . 0
: x = 1.

() n- anxn + an 1 xn 1 + ... + a1x + a0 = 0, an 0, n l 1 (2)
Pn(x) = an xn + ... + a1x + a0 (an 0)
n- .
x x0
. -
Pn ( x ) R ,
---------------- = Qn 1(x) + ---------------- , (1)
x x0 x x0 .

## Qn 1(x) ( (n 1)- ), R - 2. 2x3 + 3x2 x + 2 = 0.

. 1, 2. -
, 2 .
. R Pn(x) 2x3 + 3x2 x + 2 x + 2, -
x x0 Pn(x) x0, . . R = 2x2 2x + 1;

= Pn(x0). (x + 2)(2x2 2x + 1) = 0.
, (1) Pn(x) =
x = 2,
= Qn 1(x)(x x0) + R. 2x2 2x + 1 .
Pn(x0) = Qn 1(x0)(x0 x0) + R, R = Pn(x0). : x = 2.

. x0 ( ) - . -
Pn(x), Pn(x0) = 0. m m
----- , ----- -
k k
. x0 - , m, -
Pn(x), . . Pn(x0) = 0, Pn(x) x x0 - k.
.
Pn(x0) = Qn 1(x0)(x0 x0) + R = 0 R = 0, 3. 3x3 + x2 + x 2 = 0.
1, 2, -
Pn(x) = Qn 1(x)(x x0).
1, 3. , -

1. 4x3 3x2 1 = 0. 1, 2, 1 2
--- , --- . -
3 3
, x = 1
, x = 2
--- .
4x3 3x2 1: 3

20 21
:
x 2
--- , x2 + x + 1,
3 10. a) 2x4 5x2 + 2 = 0; ) x4 2x2 3 = 0.
x 2
4 4 ) (2x 3)4 + (2x 5)4 = 2.
--- (x2 + x + 1) = 0 . 11. ) (x 1) + (x + 1) = 16;
3 2 2 2
12. a) (x + 2x) 7(x + 2x) + 6 = 0;
x = 2
--- . 1
) ----------------------------- 3
- + -----------------------------
10
- = -----------------------------
-.
3
2x x + 1
2 2x x + 3
2 2x x + 7
2

: x = 2
--- . 13. a) (x a)x(x + a)(x + 2a) = 3a4;
3
1. : ) (6x + 5)2(3x + 2)(x + 1) = 35.
) (x 1) (x2 + 4x + 3) = 0; ) (2x + 3)(x2 x + 1) = 0; 14. 4
a) x2 + ----- 2
- 8 x --- 4 = 0;
3 3
) x + 27 = 0; ) 8x 1 = 0; ) x3 1 + x2 1 = 0; x2 x

) x + 8 + x 4 = 0; ) x + 1 + x + 1 = 0; ) x3 8 + x 2 = 0;
3 2 3 ) 4x4 + 6x3 10x2 9x + 9 = 0;
) x3 + x2 + x + 1 = 0; ) x3 x2 + x 1= 0. x + 1 )5
) (-------------------- 81
) (x2 6x 9)2 = x3 4x2 9x.
- = ------ ;
x +1
5 11
2. + x3 ax2
+ bx + c = 0, a, b, c -
, x1. , x1 25x 2
15. ) x2 + --------------------
- = 11; ) (x2 16)(x 3)2 + 9x2 = 0.
c x1 . (x + 5) 2

16. ) x4 + 4x 1 = 0; ) x4 4x3 1 = 0;
3. :
) x4 2x2 400x = 9999.
) x3 + 2x2 x 2 = 0; ) x3 x2 8x + 12 = 0;
3 2
) x 9x + 27x 27 = 0; ) x3 + x2 + x 3 = 0; 17. ) (x3 2x) (x2 + 2)a 2a2x = 0;
3 2
) 6x + 7x 1 = 0; ) 2x3 + x2 + 5x 3 = 0. ) (x2 a)2 6x2 + 4x + 2a = 0.
4. x1, x2, x3 ax3 + bx2 + cx + d = 0, 18. x4 4x3 10x2 + 37x 14 = 0, ,
a 0. , x1 + x2 + x3 = --b- , x1x2 + x2x3 + x3x1 = --c- , -
a a .
x1x2x3 = d
--- .
a
:
5. x3 + px + q = 0.
. 19. ) (x + 2)(x 1)(x 3) > 0;
6. x3 + 3x 3 = 0. ) (x + 2)x(x 1)(x 2) < 0;
7. : ) (x + 4)5(x + 3)6(x + 2)7(x 1)8 m 0;
) (x 1)(x + 3)(x2 x 6) = 0; ) (x + 3)n(x 2) < 0, n N.
) (x2 3x + 2)(x2 + 7x + 10) = 0; ) (x2 x 3) (x2 2x + 2) = 0; 20. ) x3 3x2 10x + 24 > 0; ) x3 + 4x2 + 5x + 2 m 0;
) (x2 x +1)(x2 2x + 3) = 0; ) x4 16 5x(x2 4) = 0; ) 2x3 3x2 + 7x 3 > 0.
) x4 + 11x2 + 10 + 7x(x2 + 1) = 0. 21. ) x4 3x3 + x2 + 3x 2 l 0; ) x4 + 6x3 + 6x2 + 6x + 5 < 0.
8. x4 + ax3 + bx2 + cx + d = 0, a, b, c, d -
, x1. , x1 22. ) 3x4 10x2 + 3 > 0; ) 2x2(x 4)2 < 32 5(x 2)2.
d x1. 23. ) (x2 x)2 + 3(x2 x) + 2 l 0;
9. : ) x(x + 1)(x + 2)(x + 3) < 48.
) x4 + 2x3 16x2 2x + 15 = 0; ) x4 7x3 + 5x2 + 4x + 12 = 0; 24. ) (x + 1)4 > 2(1 + x4); ) x4 x3 10x2 + 2x + 4 < 0.
) x4 + x3 5x 5 = 0; ) x4 + x3 1 = 0; 25. , P(x) = x8 x5 + x2 x + 1
4 3 2
) 6x x + 5x x 1 = 0. x R.

22 23
:
x 2
--- , x2 + x + 1,
3 10. a) 2x4 5x2 + 2 = 0; ) x4 2x2 3 = 0.
x 2
4 4 ) (2x 3)4 + (2x 5)4 = 2.
--- (x2 + x + 1) = 0 . 11. ) (x 1) + (x + 1) = 16;
3 2 2 2
12. a) (x + 2x) 7(x + 2x) + 6 = 0;
x = 2
--- . 1
) ----------------------------- 3
- + -----------------------------
10
- = -----------------------------
-.
3
2x x + 1
2 2x x + 3
2 2x x + 7
2

: x = 2
--- . 13. a) (x a)x(x + a)(x + 2a) = 3a4;
3
1. : ) (6x + 5)2(3x + 2)(x + 1) = 35.
) (x 1) (x2 + 4x + 3) = 0; ) (2x + 3)(x2 x + 1) = 0; 14. 4
a) x2 + ----- 2
- 8 x --- 4 = 0;
3 3
) x + 27 = 0; ) 8x 1 = 0; ) x3 1 + x2 1 = 0; x2 x

) x + 8 + x 4 = 0; ) x + 1 + x + 1 = 0; ) x3 8 + x 2 = 0;
3 2 3 ) 4x4 + 6x3 10x2 9x + 9 = 0;
) x3 + x2 + x + 1 = 0; ) x3 x2 + x 1= 0. x + 1 )5
) (-------------------- 81
) (x2 6x 9)2 = x3 4x2 9x.
- = ------ ;
x +1
5 11
2. + x3 ax2
+ bx + c = 0, a, b, c -
, x1. , x1 25x 2
15. ) x2 + --------------------
- = 11; ) (x2 16)(x 3)2 + 9x2 = 0.
c x1 . (x + 5) 2

16. ) x4 + 4x 1 = 0; ) x4 4x3 1 = 0;
3. :
) x4 2x2 400x = 9999.
) x3 + 2x2 x 2 = 0; ) x3 x2 8x + 12 = 0;
3 2
) x 9x + 27x 27 = 0; ) x3 + x2 + x 3 = 0; 17. ) (x3 2x) (x2 + 2)a 2a2x = 0;
3 2
) 6x + 7x 1 = 0; ) 2x3 + x2 + 5x 3 = 0. ) (x2 a)2 6x2 + 4x + 2a = 0.
4. x1, x2, x3 ax3 + bx2 + cx + d = 0, 18. x4 4x3 10x2 + 37x 14 = 0, ,
a 0. , x1 + x2 + x3 = --b- , x1x2 + x2x3 + x3x1 = --c- , -
a a .
x1x2x3 = d
--- .
a
:
5. x3 + px + q = 0.
. 19. ) (x + 2)(x 1)(x 3) > 0;
6. x3 + 3x 3 = 0. ) (x + 2)x(x 1)(x 2) < 0;
7. : ) (x + 4)5(x + 3)6(x + 2)7(x 1)8 m 0;
) (x 1)(x + 3)(x2 x 6) = 0; ) (x + 3)n(x 2) < 0, n N.
) (x2 3x + 2)(x2 + 7x + 10) = 0; ) (x2 x 3) (x2 2x + 2) = 0; 20. ) x3 3x2 10x + 24 > 0; ) x3 + 4x2 + 5x + 2 m 0;
) (x2 x +1)(x2 2x + 3) = 0; ) x4 16 5x(x2 4) = 0; ) 2x3 3x2 + 7x 3 > 0.
) x4 + 11x2 + 10 + 7x(x2 + 1) = 0. 21. ) x4 3x3 + x2 + 3x 2 l 0; ) x4 + 6x3 + 6x2 + 6x + 5 < 0.
8. x4 + ax3 + bx2 + cx + d = 0, a, b, c, d -
, x1. , x1 22. ) 3x4 10x2 + 3 > 0; ) 2x2(x 4)2 < 32 5(x 2)2.
d x1. 23. ) (x2 x)2 + 3(x2 x) + 2 l 0;
9. : ) x(x + 1)(x + 2)(x + 3) < 48.
) x4 + 2x3 16x2 2x + 15 = 0; ) x4 7x3 + 5x2 + 4x + 12 = 0; 24. ) (x + 1)4 > 2(1 + x4); ) x4 x3 10x2 + 2x + 4 < 0.
) x4 + x3 5x 5 = 0; ) x4 + x3 1 = 0; 25. , P(x) = x8 x5 + x2 x + 1
4 3 2
) 6x x + 5x x 1 = 0. x R.

22 23
26. P(x) = a0xm + a1xm 1 + ... + am x + am 8
1 36. ) y = (2 3x)30; ) y = 6x2 --4- + 1 ;
Q(x) = b0 xn + b1 xn 1 + ... + bn 1 x + bn, m N, n N, Q(x) 0. x
2+1 2
P(x)
- > 0 P(x)Q(x) > 0 -
, ------------ ) y = x - ;
--------------- ) y = (x4 x3 + 5x2 2)8.
Q(x) 2 x 1
. x0
: :
x+4
27. 2
) --1- < ------------ 2 1 1 1 1
- ; ) ------------- < ------------- ; ) ------------- --- m ------------- ------------- ; 37. ) y = (x2 3x + 3)(x2 + 2x 2), x0 = 0;
x x2 x2 x+1 x+1 x x1 x2
2x+1 x 2 3x + 1 ) y = (x3 3x + 2)(x4 + x2 + 1), x0 = 1;
) x 1
-------------------------- + ------------------------------ > 2x ----------------- ;
x1 x3 4x 8 ) y = (x2 1)(x2 4)(x2 9), x0 = 2;
x3 2x 2 + 5x + 2 1 1 1 1 x 5
) ---------------------------------------------- l 1; ) ------------
- + ------------- + ------------- + ------------- > 0. ) y = --------------------
- , x0 = 1;
x + 3x + 2
2 x+5 x7 x5 x+7 (x 2) 2

1 1
28. - m ---------------------------------
) --------------- -; 3
) y = ---------------------------------------------
- , x0 = 0.
x +x
2 2x + 2x + 3
2
( 1 x ) ( 1 2x )
2 3

1 4 4 1 1
) ------------
- ------------- + ------------- ------------- < ------ ; 1 3
x1 x2 x3 x4 30 38. ) y = ------------ - , x0 = 1;
- + ---------------
x+2 2 x +1
17 10x 13 8x 30 5x 4
) 4x
-------------------- + ------------------------ > -------------------- + ----------------- .
x4 2x 3 2x 7 x1 1
) y = (1 + x3) 5 -----
- , x0 = a;
2 x
x2 4x 2
29. ) x2 + --------------------2- < 5
--- ; ) x2 + --------------------2- m 5.
(x + 1) 4 (x 2) ax
- , x0 = a;
) y = ---------------
1+x 2
(x + 1 )4 128 1 1
30. ) ------------------------
- > ---------- ; - l 4 x --- .
) x3 ----- ) y = [(x2 + x + 1)(x2 x + 1)]5, x0 = 0;
x(x + 1)
2 15 x2 x
) y = x(x 1)(x 2) ... (x n), x0 = 0, n N.
x + 6 x 42 x6 x+9 2 2x 2 + 72
31. ------------- ------------- + ------------- ------------- < ----------------------
-.
x6 x+4 x+6 x9 x 2 36 39. P(x0; y0) -
4 :
32. ) |x3 x| m x; - l |x 1|.
) -------------------------
x+1 2
: a) y = 1
--- x3 + x2 x, P(0; 0); ) y = x3 3x3 + 2, P(0; 2);
3
33. ) y = x3 6x2 + 1; ) y = x3 + 1
--- x 2; ) y = (x 2)2(x + 1), P(1; 2); ) y = 2x4 x3 + 1, P(1; 4);
3
) y = (x 4)3(2x + 1), P(2; 40); ) y = x --1- , P(1; 0);
) y = x4 6x + 3; ) y = 1
--- x4 + x3. x
2 1
) y = -----
- + 2, P(1; 3).
4
34. ) y = (x + 2)(x2 x + 5); x
) y = (3 x)(x x2); 40. y = x3 3x + 2 , -
) y = (x2 + x + 2)(x2 + 2x + 3); y = 3x.
) y = x(x 1)(x 2)(x 3).
x 1x x3 x
41. f(x) = 1
--- x3
35. ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = ---------------
-; 3
1+x 2 2+x 2 x+3
3
--- x2 9x + 8 I III
x 4 + 4x (x2 1 ) (x + 3 ) 1 2
) y = --------------------
-; ) y = --------------------------------------- ; ) y = x3 + ------------
-.
(x + 1) 2 x4 1x ?

24 25
26. P(x) = a0xm + a1xm 1 + ... + am x + am 8
1 36. ) y = (2 3x)30; ) y = 6x2 --4- + 1 ;
Q(x) = b0 xn + b1 xn 1 + ... + bn 1 x + bn, m N, n N, Q(x) 0. x
2+1 2
P(x)
- > 0 P(x)Q(x) > 0 -
, ------------ ) y = x - ;
--------------- ) y = (x4 x3 + 5x2 2)8.
Q(x) 2 x 1
. x0
: :
x+4
27. 2
) --1- < ------------ 2 1 1 1 1
- ; ) ------------- < ------------- ; ) ------------- --- m ------------- ------------- ; 37. ) y = (x2 3x + 3)(x2 + 2x 2), x0 = 0;
x x2 x2 x+1 x+1 x x1 x2
2x+1 x 2 3x + 1 ) y = (x3 3x + 2)(x4 + x2 + 1), x0 = 1;
) x 1
-------------------------- + ------------------------------ > 2x ----------------- ;
x1 x3 4x 8 ) y = (x2 1)(x2 4)(x2 9), x0 = 2;
x3 2x 2 + 5x + 2 1 1 1 1 x 5
) ---------------------------------------------- l 1; ) ------------
- + ------------- + ------------- + ------------- > 0. ) y = --------------------
- , x0 = 1;
x + 3x + 2
2 x+5 x7 x5 x+7 (x 2) 2

1 1
28. - m ---------------------------------
) --------------- -; 3
) y = ---------------------------------------------
- , x0 = 0.
x +x
2 2x + 2x + 3
2
( 1 x ) ( 1 2x )
2 3

1 4 4 1 1
) ------------
- ------------- + ------------- ------------- < ------ ; 1 3
x1 x2 x3 x4 30 38. ) y = ------------ - , x0 = 1;
- + ---------------
x+2 2 x +1
17 10x 13 8x 30 5x 4
) 4x
-------------------- + ------------------------ > -------------------- + ----------------- .
x4 2x 3 2x 7 x1 1
) y = (1 + x3) 5 -----
- , x0 = a;
2 x
x2 4x 2
29. ) x2 + --------------------2- < 5
--- ; ) x2 + --------------------2- m 5.
(x + 1) 4 (x 2) ax
- , x0 = a;
) y = ---------------
1+x 2
(x + 1 )4 128 1 1
30. ) ------------------------
- > ---------- ; - l 4 x --- .
) x3 ----- ) y = [(x2 + x + 1)(x2 x + 1)]5, x0 = 0;
x(x + 1)
2 15 x2 x
) y = x(x 1)(x 2) ... (x n), x0 = 0, n N.
x + 6 x 42 x6 x+9 2 2x 2 + 72
31. ------------- ------------- + ------------- ------------- < ----------------------
-.
x6 x+4 x+6 x9 x 2 36 39. P(x0; y0) -
4 :
32. ) |x3 x| m x; - l |x 1|.
) -------------------------
x+1 2
: a) y = 1
--- x3 + x2 x, P(0; 0); ) y = x3 3x3 + 2, P(0; 2);
3
33. ) y = x3 6x2 + 1; ) y = x3 + 1
--- x 2; ) y = (x 2)2(x + 1), P(1; 2); ) y = 2x4 x3 + 1, P(1; 4);
3
) y = (x 4)3(2x + 1), P(2; 40); ) y = x --1- , P(1; 0);
) y = x4 6x + 3; ) y = 1
--- x4 + x3. x
2 1
) y = -----
- + 2, P(1; 3).
4
34. ) y = (x + 2)(x2 x + 5); x
) y = (3 x)(x x2); 40. y = x3 3x + 2 , -
) y = (x2 + x + 2)(x2 + 2x + 3); y = 3x.
) y = x(x 1)(x 2)(x 3).
x 1x x3 x
41. f(x) = 1
--- x3
35. ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = ---------------
-; 3
1+x 2 2+x 2 x+3
3
--- x2 9x + 8 I III
x 4 + 4x (x2 1 ) (x + 3 ) 1 2
) y = --------------------
-; ) y = --------------------------------------- ; ) y = x3 + ------------
-.
(x + 1) 2 x4 1x ?

24 25
42. y = x3 + x 2 51. :
y = 4x + 5? ) y = x3 + 3x2 45x + 1; ) y = x
3
------ 2x2 + 4x 3;
3
43. y = x2(x 2)3 , -
) y = |3x 1| x3; ) y = (x 1)3(x + 2);
y = 24x 1.
2x 1
) y = (x + 3)2(x 4)2; ) y = 2x2 + --4- ; ) y = --------------------
-.
1 x (x 1) 2
44. y = ---------------
- , -
1 + x2 52.
. y = x3 + 3x2 3x + 1.
45. , y = x5 + 8x + 53. -
+ 1 Ox . :
) y = x3 + 9x 3 [1; 0];
:
) y = 6x x3 [2; 1];
46. ) y = 2x3 5
--- x2 + x 3; ) y = (x + 2)3(x 1) [1; 2];
2
) y = x5 5x4 + 5x3 + 4 [1; 2];
) y = x3 3 3 3 x2 + 3 3 9 x 3 3 3 ; 3x 2 + 4x + 4
) y = ---------------------------------
- [2; 1].
) y = 3x3 x2 + 5x + 0,7; ) y = (x + 2)2(3x 1); x +x+1
2

## ) y = x3 + 3|x|; ) y = |x3| 9x.

:
47. ) y = x4 + 8x2 64x + 1; 54. y = x3 3x2 + 4. 55. y = x(x2 4) 3.
) y = 3x4 + 16x3 + 6x2 72x 3; 2 2
56. y = (x + 2) (x 1) . 57. y = x4 + 2x2 + 8.
) y = x4 + 6x2 + 5; ) y = x4 + 4|x|; ) y = x4 + 8|x3|. 58. y = (x 1)3(x + 1)2. 59. y = x + --1- .
x
x5
48. ) y = ------ 2
--- x3 3(x + 1); x
60. y = ---------------
-.
x
61. y = ---------------
-.
5 3 1 + x2 x2 1
) y = 0,6x5 13x3 + 108x 5; 62. y = x2 + ----- 1
-.
x 3
63. y = ---------------
-.
5 x3 x2 3 x2
) y = x 3 3
------ --- x4 + 3x3 + 5 ------ --- x2 + 4x 7;
5 2 3 2 64. y = --1- + 4x2. 65. y = x + ----- 4
-.
x x2
7
) y = x
------ 7x + ; ) y = x2 + 16
------ . 66. , -
7 x
:
49. :
26 26
) 3 30 + 899 ------ + 3 30 899 ------ ;
) y = 2x3 + 3x2 12x + 15; ) y = x4 + 1
--- x3 2; 27 27
3
10 10
3x + 2
x2 ) 3 50 + 2495 ------ + 3 50 2495 ------ ;
) y = x5 20x3 + 1; ) y = -----------------------------
-. 27 27
2 x + 3x + 2
26 26
50. - ) 3 12 + 143 ------ + 3 12 143 ------ ;
27 27
:
a) y = x3 5x2 + 3x 11; ) y = x3 + 6x2 9x + 5; 26 26
) 3 105 + 11024 ------ + 3 105 11024 ------ ;
27 27
x+2 x+ x2
) y = 0,25x4 + x2 6; ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = 1
-------------------------2- . 3 3
x 1
2 1+x+x ) 20 + 14 2 + 20 14 2 .

26 27
42. y = x3 + x 2 51. :
y = 4x + 5? ) y = x3 + 3x2 45x + 1; ) y = x
3
------ 2x2 + 4x 3;
3
43. y = x2(x 2)3 , -
) y = |3x 1| x3; ) y = (x 1)3(x + 2);
y = 24x 1.
2x 1
) y = (x + 3)2(x 4)2; ) y = 2x2 + --4- ; ) y = --------------------
-.
1 x (x 1) 2
44. y = ---------------
- , -
1 + x2 52.
. y = x3 + 3x2 3x + 1.
45. , y = x5 + 8x + 53. -
+ 1 Ox . :
) y = x3 + 9x 3 [1; 0];
:
) y = 6x x3 [2; 1];
46. ) y = 2x3 5
--- x2 + x 3; ) y = (x + 2)3(x 1) [1; 2];
2
) y = x5 5x4 + 5x3 + 4 [1; 2];
) y = x3 3 3 3 x2 + 3 3 9 x 3 3 3 ; 3x 2 + 4x + 4
) y = ---------------------------------
- [2; 1].
) y = 3x3 x2 + 5x + 0,7; ) y = (x + 2)2(3x 1); x +x+1
2

## ) y = x3 + 3|x|; ) y = |x3| 9x.

:
47. ) y = x4 + 8x2 64x + 1; 54. y = x3 3x2 + 4. 55. y = x(x2 4) 3.
) y = 3x4 + 16x3 + 6x2 72x 3; 2 2
56. y = (x + 2) (x 1) . 57. y = x4 + 2x2 + 8.
) y = x4 + 6x2 + 5; ) y = x4 + 4|x|; ) y = x4 + 8|x3|. 58. y = (x 1)3(x + 1)2. 59. y = x + --1- .
x
x5
48. ) y = ------ 2
--- x3 3(x + 1); x
60. y = ---------------
-.
x
61. y = ---------------
-.
5 3 1 + x2 x2 1
) y = 0,6x5 13x3 + 108x 5; 62. y = x2 + ----- 1
-.
x 3
63. y = ---------------
-.
5 x3 x2 3 x2
) y = x 3 3
------ --- x4 + 3x3 + 5 ------ --- x2 + 4x 7;
5 2 3 2 64. y = --1- + 4x2. 65. y = x + ----- 4
-.
x x2
7
) y = x
------ 7x + ; ) y = x2 + 16
------ . 66. , -
7 x
:
49. :
26 26
) 3 30 + 899 ------ + 3 30 899 ------ ;
) y = 2x3 + 3x2 12x + 15; ) y = x4 + 1
--- x3 2; 27 27
3
10 10
3x + 2
x2 ) 3 50 + 2495 ------ + 3 50 2495 ------ ;
) y = x5 20x3 + 1; ) y = -----------------------------
-. 27 27
2 x + 3x + 2
26 26
50. - ) 3 12 + 143 ------ + 3 12 143 ------ ;
27 27
:
a) y = x3 5x2 + 3x 11; ) y = x3 + 6x2 9x + 5; 26 26
) 3 105 + 11024 ------ + 3 105 11024 ------ ;
27 27
x+2 x+ x2
) y = 0,25x4 + x2 6; ) y = ---------------
-; ) y = 1
-------------------------2- . 3 3
x 1
2 1+x+x ) 20 + 14 2 + 20 14 2 .

26 27
5. 9. k

: x + ky = 3,
3x y = 0, kx + 4y = 6,
x 2y = 0, 0 x 0 y = 0,
1. ) x + y = 0; ) 2x 4y = 0; ) x > 1, y > 0?
0 x + 0 y = 0;
0 x + y = 0, 0 x + 0 y = 1, 10. a
) )
0 x 0 y = 0; 0 x + 0 y = 2. 2x + y = a2 1,
4x 8y = 3, 3x + 2y = 2a2 + 7a + 5
3x + 2y = 1,
2. ) ) x 2y = 3 ;
x + 5y = 6; ---
4 x y + 3 > 0?
3x + y = 1, y 4x = a, :
) 9x + 3y = 2; )
8x 2y = 1. 4 3
-------------------------- + -------------------------- = 4,75,
3. k : 2x + y 1 x + 2y 3
11.
kx + y = 2, kx + 4y = 4, 3x + (k 1)y = k + 1, 3 2
-------------------------- -------------------------- = 2,5.
) x y = 3; ) ) 2x + y 1 x + 2y 3
3x + y = 1; (k + 1)x + y = 3?
4. m,
|x| + y = 4, ( x + y ) 2 = 5,
: 12. ) )
x + 3|y| = 6; ( x y ) 2 = 1.
2x + (9m2 2)y = 3m, m2x + (2 m)y = m3 + 4,
) )
x + y = 1; mx + (2m 1)y = m5 2; 13. x N y N,
23x + 31y = 1000.
2mx + y = 6m2
5m + 1,
) 14. xOy , -
x + 2my = 0.
5. c d, :
) |x y| m 1; ) |x + y| l 2; ) |x| |y| l 1;
(c + 1)2x (c + 1)y = c,
) |x| + |y| m 3; ) |x 1| + |y + 1| l 2; ) |x + y| + |x y| m 2.
(d 1)x + (5 2d)y = c + 4
15. xOy , -
x = 1, y = 1.
6. 3y x < 5,
ax by = 2a b, y + 2x < 11,
(c + 1)x + cy = 10 a + 3b 4y + x > 9.
(1; 3). - x y,
a, b c. .
7. b R , a R 16. a R (a; a2)
: ,
3x + y = a, x 2y = a, y = x + 1, y = 3 x, y = 2x?
) ax y = b; )
ax + 3y = b. :
8. a b, x = 3t 2,
x + y z = 0,
y = 4t + 1,
17. 2x y + 3z = 9, 18.
ax + 2y = b + 1, 2x + y = a2 + 2, z = 4t 5,
3x + 4y + 2z = 11.
x+y=3 x + 3y = 3. 4x 3y 6z = 5.

28 29
5. 9. k

: x + ky = 3,
3x y = 0, kx + 4y = 6,
x 2y = 0, 0 x 0 y = 0,
1. ) x + y = 0; ) 2x 4y = 0; ) x > 1, y > 0?
0 x + 0 y = 0;
0 x + y = 0, 0 x + 0 y = 1, 10. a
) )
0 x 0 y = 0; 0 x + 0 y = 2. 2x + y = a2 1,
4x 8y = 3, 3x + 2y = 2a2 + 7a + 5
3x + 2y = 1,
2. ) ) x 2y = 3 ;
x + 5y = 6; ---
4 x y + 3 > 0?
3x + y = 1, y 4x = a, :
) 9x + 3y = 2; )
8x 2y = 1. 4 3
-------------------------- + -------------------------- = 4,75,
3. k : 2x + y 1 x + 2y 3
11.
kx + y = 2, kx + 4y = 4, 3x + (k 1)y = k + 1, 3 2
-------------------------- -------------------------- = 2,5.
) x y = 3; ) ) 2x + y 1 x + 2y 3
3x + y = 1; (k + 1)x + y = 3?
4. m,
|x| + y = 4, ( x + y ) 2 = 5,
: 12. ) )
x + 3|y| = 6; ( x y ) 2 = 1.
2x + (9m2 2)y = 3m, m2x + (2 m)y = m3 + 4,
) )
x + y = 1; mx + (2m 1)y = m5 2; 13. x N y N,
23x + 31y = 1000.
2mx + y = 6m2
5m + 1,
) 14. xOy , -
x + 2my = 0.
5. c d, :
) |x y| m 1; ) |x + y| l 2; ) |x| |y| l 1;
(c + 1)2x (c + 1)y = c,
) |x| + |y| m 3; ) |x 1| + |y + 1| l 2; ) |x + y| + |x y| m 2.
(d 1)x + (5 2d)y = c + 4
15. xOy , -
x = 1, y = 1.
6. 3y x < 5,
ax by = 2a b, y + 2x < 11,
(c + 1)x + cy = 10 a + 3b 4y + x > 9.
(1; 3). - x y,
a, b c. .
7. b R , a R 16. a R (a; a2)
: ,
3x + y = a, x 2y = a, y = x + 1, y = 3 x, y = 2x?
) ax y = b; )
ax + 3y = b. :
8. a b, x = 3t 2,
x + y z = 0,
y = 4t + 1,
17. 2x y + 3z = 9, 18.
ax + 2y = b + 1, 2x + y = a2 + 2, z = 4t 5,
3x + 4y + 2z = 11.
x+y=3 x + 3y = 3. 4x 3y 6z = 5.

28 29
2x + 3y + z 1 = 0, x+2 y1 z3 x + y + xy = 11, x2y xy2 = 30,
------------- = ------------- = ------------ , 3. ) )
19. x 1 y+1 z 20. 2 3 2 x2 + y2 + xy = 13; x + xy y = 13;
------------- = ------------- = --- .
1 2 6 x + 2y 2z + 6 = 0.
x+y+ x 1
--- = --- ,
21. (x + 0,2)2 + (y + 0,3)2 = 1, y 2
) )
x + y = 0,9; ( x + y )x 1
---------------------- = --- ;
2 4 5 y 2
--- x + --- y + --- z = 61,
3 5 6
x3y + x3y2 + 2x2y2 + x2y3 + xy3 = 30,
x + y + z = 79. )
x2y + xy + x + y + xy2 = 11.
z 2x2 + xy 45y2 = 0, x2 5xy = 16,
) 2
--- y + --- ; ) - 4. ) )
5 2 2x + 9y2 = 4; 2xy + y2 = 3;
, x 2x2 + y2 + 3xy = 12,
. x3 + xy2 = 10,
) )
22. , f(x) = ax2 + bx + c (x + y)2 1
--- y2 = 7; x2y y3 = 3.
2
(a 0) f(1) < 1, f(1) > 1, f(3) < 4. -
10x2 + 5y2 2xy 38x 6y + 41 = 0,
a. 5. )
3x2 2y2 + 5xy 17x 6y + 20 = 0;
23. {(x; y; z)||x| + |y| + |z| m 1}
. y2(x2 3) + xy + 1 = 0,
)
y2(3x2 6) + xy + 2 = 0.
x 2 2 y
--- (x + y 2) = --- , --- + --- = 3,
y 3 x 3
6. 6. ) )
y x 3 3
--- (x + y 1) = 9; --- + --- = --- .
x 2 y 2
:
y2 |xy| + 2 = 0, |xy 2| = 6 x2,
x2 xy + 3y2 + 2x 5y 4 = 0, 7. ) )
1. a) 8 x2 = (x + 2y)2; 2 + 3y2 = 2xy.
x + 2y = 4;
8. x, y,
2xy y2 + 5x + 20 = 0, x2 4y2 = 200, x2 2xy + 12 = 0, x2 + 4y2 m 60 x Z.
) )
3x + 2y 3 = 0; x + 2y = 100; 9.
x2 + 9y2 + 6xy 6x 18y 40 = 0, x = y + 2,
) xy m 17,
x + 30 = 2y.
y+1 1
x + y = 5, x y = 5, ------------- < --- .
x2 + y2 = 10, x+2 2
2. ) xy = 6; ) xy = 4; )
x + y = 4;
10. a,
1 1
{(x; y) | x2 + y2 + 2x m 1} {(x; y) | x y + a l 0}
c
-----2- + -----2- = 13,
x y x3 + y3 = 7,
) ) . .
1 1 x + y = 1;
--- --- = 1; 11. :
x y
) (x 1)2 + (y + 5)2 = 0;
x4 + y4 = 17, x5 + y5 = 275, x3 y3 = 63, ) x2 + y2 2x + 6y + 10 = 0;
e) ) )
x + y = 3; x + y = 5; xy = 4. ) (x + y a)2 + (y 1)2 + (x + 3)2 = 0.

30 31
2x + 3y + z 1 = 0, x+2 y1 z3 x + y + xy = 11, x2y xy2 = 30,
------------- = ------------- = ------------ , 3. ) )
19. x 1 y+1 z 20. 2 3 2 x2 + y2 + xy = 13; x + xy y = 13;
------------- = ------------- = --- .
1 2 6 x + 2y 2z + 6 = 0.
x+y+ x 1
--- = --- ,
21. (x + 0,2)2 + (y + 0,3)2 = 1, y 2
) )
x + y = 0,9; ( x + y )x 1
---------------------- = --- ;
2 4 5 y 2
--- x + --- y + --- z = 61,
3 5 6
x3y + x3y2 + 2x2y2 + x2y3 + xy3 = 30,
x + y + z = 79. )
x2y + xy + x + y + xy2 = 11.
z 2x2 + xy 45y2 = 0, x2 5xy = 16,
) 2
--- y + --- ; ) - 4. ) )
5 2 2x + 9y2 = 4; 2xy + y2 = 3;
, x 2x2 + y2 + 3xy = 12,
. x3 + xy2 = 10,
) )
22. , f(x) = ax2 + bx + c (x + y)2 1
--- y2 = 7; x2y y3 = 3.
2
(a 0) f(1) < 1, f(1) > 1, f(3) < 4. -
10x2 + 5y2 2xy 38x 6y + 41 = 0,
a. 5. )
3x2 2y2 + 5xy 17x 6y + 20 = 0;
23. {(x; y; z)||x| + |y| + |z| m 1}
. y2(x2 3) + xy + 1 = 0,
)
y2(3x2 6) + xy + 2 = 0.
x 2 2 y
--- (x + y 2) = --- , --- + --- = 3,
y 3 x 3
6. 6. ) )
y x 3 3
--- (x + y 1) = 9; --- + --- = --- .
x 2 y 2
:
y2 |xy| + 2 = 0, |xy 2| = 6 x2,
x2 xy + 3y2 + 2x 5y 4 = 0, 7. ) )
1. a) 8 x2 = (x + 2y)2; 2 + 3y2 = 2xy.
x + 2y = 4;
8. x, y,
2xy y2 + 5x + 20 = 0, x2 4y2 = 200, x2 2xy + 12 = 0, x2 + 4y2 m 60 x Z.
) )
3x + 2y 3 = 0; x + 2y = 100; 9.
x2 + 9y2 + 6xy 6x 18y 40 = 0, x = y + 2,
) xy m 17,
x + 30 = 2y.
y+1 1
x + y = 5, x y = 5, ------------- < --- .
x2 + y2 = 10, x+2 2
2. ) xy = 6; ) xy = 4; )
x + y = 4;
10. a,
1 1
{(x; y) | x2 + y2 + 2x m 1} {(x; y) | x y + a l 0}
c
-----2- + -----2- = 13,
x y x3 + y3 = 7,
) ) . .
1 1 x + y = 1;
--- --- = 1; 11. :
x y
) (x 1)2 + (y + 5)2 = 0;
x4 + y4 = 17, x5 + y5 = 275, x3 y3 = 63, ) x2 + y2 2x + 6y + 10 = 0;
e) ) )
x + y = 3; x + y = 5; xy = 4. ) (x + y a)2 + (y 1)2 + (x + 3)2 = 0.

30 31
:
. 7 x x 2 = x 1.
x + 2y z = 5, 2u + v + w = 6,

12. ) 3x 4y + z = 1, ) 3u + 2v + w = 9,
x2 + y2 + z2 = 6; 3u3 + 2v3 + w3 = 27. 7 x x2 = (x 1)2, 2x2 x 6 = 0,
x = 2.
xl1 xl1
x + y + z = 2, xy + x + y = 7,
13. xy + yz + zx = 5, 14. yz + y + z = 3, :
x2 + y2 z2 = 12. xz + x + z = 5.
1. ) x + 1 = a; ) x+3 = ax; ) 4 + 2x x 2 = x 2.
x2 yz = 14, x2 + xy + y2 = 3,
15. y2 xz = 28, 16. y2 + yz + z2 = 7, 2. ) 11 + 2x = 22 x ; ) 21 + 2x 7 = x;
z2 xy = 14. z2 + zx + x2 = 19. ) 2 x + 5 = x + 2; ) 3x 18x + 1 + 1 = 0.
5xy 3. ) x + 10 + x 2 = 6; ) x +1 + x = a.
------------- = 1,
xy + xz = 8, x+y
17. yz + xy = 9, 18. 7yz 4. 10 + x + 6 1 + x + 5 x + 2 4 x = 7.
------------ = 1,
xz + yz = 7. y+z
6xz = x + z. 5. x 2 4x + 3 + x 2 + 3x 2 = x2 x .

## 4xy + y2 + 2z2 = 3, y3 = 9x2 27x + 27, 6. ) x2 x1 + x + 3 4 x 1 = 1;

19. 4xz + x2 + 2z2 = 1, 20. z3 = 9y2 27y + 27,
) x+34 x1 x + 8 6 x 1 = 1;
8yz + y2 + 2z2 = 1. x3 = 9z2 27z + 27.
21. (x; y; z), ) x+2 x1 + x + 2 x 1 = 2.
5x2 + y2 + 3z2 2yz = 30.
7. ) 3 13 x + 3 22 + x = 5; ) 3 24 + x + 12 x = 6.
22.
, : 8. ) x3 + x 7 = a; ) x3 + 7 x = a;
y + 2x m 0, x2 + y m 0,
) 2 ) ) x 2 + ax 2a = x + 1; ) 2x 1 = x a;
x + y2 5 m 0; 2x2 + y 1 m 0.
23. (x; y), - ) x 2 x x 2 + a 2 = a x; ) x x a = a;
:
) x x2 x = a.
y + x2 m 0,
2y l x2, x2 + y2 l 1,
) ) y 2x + 3 l 0, ) 2 9. 5 ( x 2 ) ( x 32 ) 5 ( x 1 ) ( x 33 ) = 1.
y m 2x2 + 3x; y + 1 m 0; x + y2 m 16.
1
10. x4 + 1
x 4 --- .
--- = x 2
4 4
7. ,
.
1. n 2n f ( x ) < (x) -
: 2n f ( x ) = (x), n N, -
f(x) < ((x))2n,
f(x) =((x))2n, f(x) l 0,
(x) l 0. (x) > 0.

32 33
:
. 7 x x 2 = x 1.
x + 2y z = 5, 2u + v + w = 6,

12. ) 3x 4y + z = 1, ) 3u + 2v + w = 9,
x2 + y2 + z2 = 6; 3u3 + 2v3 + w3 = 27. 7 x x2 = (x 1)2, 2x2 x 6 = 0,
x = 2.
xl1 xl1
x + y + z = 2, xy + x + y = 7,
13. xy + yz + zx = 5, 14. yz + y + z = 3, :
x2 + y2 z2 = 12. xz + x + z = 5.
1. ) x + 1 = a; ) x+3 = ax; ) 4 + 2x x 2 = x 2.
x2 yz = 14, x2 + xy + y2 = 3,
15. y2 xz = 28, 16. y2 + yz + z2 = 7, 2. ) 11 + 2x = 22 x ; ) 21 + 2x 7 = x;
z2 xy = 14. z2 + zx + x2 = 19. ) 2 x + 5 = x + 2; ) 3x 18x + 1 + 1 = 0.
5xy 3. ) x + 10 + x 2 = 6; ) x +1 + x = a.
------------- = 1,
xy + xz = 8, x+y
17. yz + xy = 9, 18. 7yz 4. 10 + x + 6 1 + x + 5 x + 2 4 x = 7.
------------ = 1,
xz + yz = 7. y+z
6xz = x + z. 5. x 2 4x + 3 + x 2 + 3x 2 = x2 x .

## 4xy + y2 + 2z2 = 3, y3 = 9x2 27x + 27, 6. ) x2 x1 + x + 3 4 x 1 = 1;

19. 4xz + x2 + 2z2 = 1, 20. z3 = 9y2 27y + 27,
) x+34 x1 x + 8 6 x 1 = 1;
8yz + y2 + 2z2 = 1. x3 = 9z2 27z + 27.
21. (x; y; z), ) x+2 x1 + x + 2 x 1 = 2.
5x2 + y2 + 3z2 2yz = 30.
7. ) 3 13 x + 3 22 + x = 5; ) 3 24 + x + 12 x = 6.
22.
, : 8. ) x3 + x 7 = a; ) x3 + 7 x = a;
y + 2x m 0, x2 + y m 0,
) 2 ) ) x 2 + ax 2a = x + 1; ) 2x 1 = x a;
x + y2 5 m 0; 2x2 + y 1 m 0.
23. (x; y), - ) x 2 x x 2 + a 2 = a x; ) x x a = a;
:
) x x2 x = a.
y + x2 m 0,
2y l x2, x2 + y2 l 1,
) ) y 2x + 3 l 0, ) 2 9. 5 ( x 2 ) ( x 32 ) 5 ( x 1 ) ( x 33 ) = 1.
y m 2x2 + 3x; y + 1 m 0; x + y2 m 16.
1
10. x4 + 1
x 4 --- .
--- = x 2
4 4
7. ,
.
1. n 2n f ( x ) < (x) -
: 2n f ( x ) = (x), n N, -
f(x) < ((x))2n,
f(x) =((x))2n, f(x) l 0,
(x) l 0. (x) > 0.

32 33
2. n 2n f ( x ) > (x) - x x 2
4. -------------------
- < 1.
x+2

(x) l 0, x + 2 < 0,
(x) < 0,
x2 x l 0,
f(x) l 0 f(x) > ((x))2n.
x2 x
-------------------- < 1 x + 2 > 0,
f(x) 2n x+2
3. n ------------------
- > 1 x2 x l 0,
(x)
x2 x > (x + 2)2
(x) > 0,
f(x) > ((x))2n. x < 2,
x(x 1) l 0, x < 2,
f(x) 2n
4. n ------------------
- < 1 4
(x) x > 2, --5- < x m 0,
x(x 1) l 0,
x l 1.
(x) > 0, 5x > 4
(x) < 0, f(x) l 0,

f(x) l 0
f(x) < ((x))2n. : (; 2) c --4- ; 0 c [1; +).
5
:
1. 2 x < x.
x2
2 x < x2 , x2 + x 2 > 0, 11. ) (x 1) x 2 x 2 l 0; ) ----------------- > 1;
1 2x
2x < x 2 x l 0, x m 2,
x>0 x>0 ) x+1 > 3x; ) x+2 l xa;
(x 1)(x + 2) > 0, 3x 1
0<xm2 1 < x m 2. ) (1 a) 2x + 1 < 1; ) ----------------- > 1.
2x
: (1; 2]. 12. ) x > 1x; ) x + 1 > 2+x;
2. 5 + x > 1 x. ) x > 24 5x ; ) x > x 2 + x 12 ;
1x<0,
x > 1, ) 24 10x > 3 4x; ) x 2 + x > 1 2x.
5+x0,
5+x >1x x m 1,
1 x l 0, 13. ) 4 x < x 2 2x ; ) 1 13 + 3x m 2a;
x2 3x 4 < 0
5 + x > (1 x)2 ) (x2 + 2x 8) x2 + x 2 m 0; ) x2 3x ( x + 2 x) l 0;
x > 1,
x > 1, ) x + 3 m 3 |x|; ) x + 2 l 6 |x 4|.
x m 1, x > 1.
(x + 1)(x 4) < 0 1 < x m 1
x+5 1 1
14. ) ----------------
- < 1; ) ----------------
- > ------------- ;
: (1; +). 1x 9x x2
+x x2 24 2x x 2 24 + 2x x 2
3. -------------------
- > 1. ) ------------------------------------- < 1; ) ------------------------------------- < 1.
2+x x x
x2 + x x > 2, x > 2, x2 x+3
-------------------- > 1 2 2 < x < 4
--- . 15. ) ------------------------------
- < 4; ) 2 1
--------------------------- > --- ;
2+x x + x > x2 + 4x + 4 3x < 4 3 2x 3 1 x1 3

: 2; 4
--- . (x + 6)(3 x) 2 18 3x x 2
- + ----------------------------------------- m 0.
) ----------------------------------------
3 2x 3x + 4

34 35
2. n 2n f ( x ) > (x) - x x 2
4. -------------------
- < 1.
x+2

(x) l 0, x + 2 < 0,
(x) < 0,
x2 x l 0,
f(x) l 0 f(x) > ((x))2n.
x2 x
-------------------- < 1 x + 2 > 0,
f(x) 2n x+2
3. n ------------------
- > 1 x2 x l 0,
(x)
x2 x > (x + 2)2
(x) > 0,
f(x) > ((x))2n. x < 2,
x(x 1) l 0, x < 2,
f(x) 2n
4. n ------------------
- < 1 4
(x) x > 2, --5- < x m 0,
x(x 1) l 0,
x l 1.
(x) > 0, 5x > 4
(x) < 0, f(x) l 0,

f(x) l 0
f(x) < ((x))2n. : (; 2) c --4- ; 0 c [1; +).
5
:
1. 2 x < x.
x2
2 x < x2 , x2 + x 2 > 0, 11. ) (x 1) x 2 x 2 l 0; ) ----------------- > 1;
1 2x
2x < x 2 x l 0, x m 2,
x>0 x>0 ) x+1 > 3x; ) x+2 l xa;
(x 1)(x + 2) > 0, 3x 1
0<xm2 1 < x m 2. ) (1 a) 2x + 1 < 1; ) ----------------- > 1.
2x
: (1; 2]. 12. ) x > 1x; ) x + 1 > 2+x;
2. 5 + x > 1 x. ) x > 24 5x ; ) x > x 2 + x 12 ;
1x<0,
x > 1, ) 24 10x > 3 4x; ) x 2 + x > 1 2x.
5+x0,
5+x >1x x m 1,
1 x l 0, 13. ) 4 x < x 2 2x ; ) 1 13 + 3x m 2a;
x2 3x 4 < 0
5 + x > (1 x)2 ) (x2 + 2x 8) x2 + x 2 m 0; ) x2 3x ( x + 2 x) l 0;
x > 1,
x > 1, ) x + 3 m 3 |x|; ) x + 2 l 6 |x 4|.
x m 1, x > 1.
(x + 1)(x 4) < 0 1 < x m 1
x+5 1 1
14. ) ----------------
- < 1; ) ----------------
- > ------------- ;
: (1; +). 1x 9x x2
+x x2 24 2x x 2 24 + 2x x 2
3. -------------------
- > 1. ) ------------------------------------- < 1; ) ------------------------------------- < 1.
2+x x x
x2 + x x > 2, x > 2, x2 x+3
-------------------- > 1 2 2 < x < 4
--- . 15. ) ------------------------------
- < 4; ) 2 1
--------------------------- > --- ;
2+x x + x > x2 + 4x + 4 3x < 4 3 2x 3 1 x1 3

: 2; 4
--- . (x + 6)(3 x) 2 18 3x x 2
- + ----------------------------------------- m 0.
) ----------------------------------------
3 2x 3x + 4

34 35
16. ) 1 3x 5 + x > 1; ) x+1 3x > 2x 1; 24. -
:
) 2(x + x 2 + 4x + 3 ) < 3( x + 1 + x + 3 2);
) f(x) = 100 x 2 , x [6; 8]; ) f(x) = x + 2 x , x [0; 4];
1 4x 2 x
) 1
---------------------------------- < 3; ) x + ------------------- 35
- > ------ . ) f(x) = 3 ( x 2 2x ) 2 , x [0; 3].
x x2 1 12
25. , -
17. x, :
f(x) = (x 1)2 x 2 2x + 3 [0; 3].
) f(x) = 7(x 4)(x + 2) 7
--- (x + 1) -
6 26. :
; (x + 3)(9 x) 27 + 6x x 2
- l ------------------------------------- ;
) ----------------------------------------
3x 2 2x + 5
) f(x) = 3
--- (x + 2) 2 ( x 4 ) ( x + 3 ) -
4
(x + 6)(3 x) 2 18 3x x 2
. - + ----------------------------------------- m 0;
) ----------------------------------------
2x 3x + 4
18. :
15 + 2x x 2 (x + 3)(5 x)
) ------------------------------------- l ----------------------------------------
-;
) y = x ; ) y = x2 x ; ) y = 3 3 x 1 ; ) y = x 2 2x + 3 ; 2x 5 x3

) y = (1 + x )(1 + 2x ); ) y = 1 + x 2 ; ) y = x + x . 20 + x x2 (5 x)(x + 4)
) --------------------------------- m ----------------------------------------
-.
x+3 2x 5
19. P(x0; y0) -
27. :
:
) x 2 4x + 3 > x 5
--- ; ) x 2 3x + 2 > x 11
------ ;
) y = x , P(4; 2); ) y = x 2 x , P(1; 1); 2 6

## ) y = 3 3 x 2 , P(8; 12); ) y = x 3 + 1, P(4; 9). ) x2 7x + 12 > x 15

------ ; ) x2 5x + 6 > x 11
------ .
4 4
20. : 28. :
) y = x 4 x + 3 ; ) y = x1 ; ) y = x2 6x + 15 ; ) x 2 + x 12 l x; ) x 2 x 6 l x 1;
) y = x 2 6x ; ) y = (x 1) x ; ) y = (x + 2) x 1 . ) x 2 + x 6 > x; ) x 2 3 4 > x 2.
21. :
) y = x4; ) y = x 2 x + 1 ; ) y = x 2 + 4x 3 ;
8.
x9
) y = ----------------
-; ) y = 36x 3x2 + 4 x 3 .
x3
22. : :
7 4 5
) y = 5 2x ; ) y = 2x x 2 ; ----------------- ----------------- = --- ,
x7 y+6 3
8x
1. )
) y = 2x 2 x + 1 ; - , x l 0;
) --------------------------------------- 5 3 13
3 ----------------- + ----------------- = ------ ;
x2 + 23 x+4 x7 y+6 6
2
) y = x 1 3
------ --- x x + --- x 3 x + 1, x l 0. 4 1
----------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------ = 1,
4 3 2
x+y xy 4 xy4 x+y
23. , x (0; +) - )
2 4 9
----------------------------------------- + ------------------------------------------ = --- .
2 x > 3 --1- . x+y xy 4 x+y4 xy 4
x

36 37
16. ) 1 3x 5 + x > 1; ) x+1 3x > 2x 1; 24. -
:
) 2(x + x 2 + 4x + 3 ) < 3( x + 1 + x + 3 2);
) f(x) = 100 x 2 , x [6; 8]; ) f(x) = x + 2 x , x [0; 4];
1 4x 2 x
) 1
---------------------------------- < 3; ) x + ------------------- 35
- > ------ . ) f(x) = 3 ( x 2 2x ) 2 , x [0; 3].
x x2 1 12
25. , -
17. x, :
f(x) = (x 1)2 x 2 2x + 3 [0; 3].
) f(x) = 7(x 4)(x + 2) 7
--- (x + 1) -
6 26. :
; (x + 3)(9 x) 27 + 6x x 2
- l ------------------------------------- ;
) ----------------------------------------
3x 2 2x + 5
) f(x) = 3
--- (x + 2) 2 ( x 4 ) ( x + 3 ) -
4
(x + 6)(3 x) 2 18 3x x 2
. - + ----------------------------------------- m 0;
) ----------------------------------------
2x 3x + 4
18. :
15 + 2x x 2 (x + 3)(5 x)
) ------------------------------------- l ----------------------------------------
-;
) y = x ; ) y = x2 x ; ) y = 3 3 x 1 ; ) y = x 2 2x + 3 ; 2x 5 x3

) y = (1 + x )(1 + 2x ); ) y = 1 + x 2 ; ) y = x + x . 20 + x x2 (5 x)(x + 4)
) --------------------------------- m ----------------------------------------
-.
x+3 2x 5
19. P(x0; y0) -
27. :
:
) x 2 4x + 3 > x 5
--- ; ) x 2 3x + 2 > x 11
------ ;
) y = x , P(4; 2); ) y = x 2 x , P(1; 1); 2 6

## ) y = 3 3 x 2 , P(8; 12); ) y = x 3 + 1, P(4; 9). ) x2 7x + 12 > x 15

------ ; ) x2 5x + 6 > x 11
------ .
4 4
20. : 28. :
) y = x 4 x + 3 ; ) y = x1 ; ) y = x2 6x + 15 ; ) x 2 + x 12 l x; ) x 2 x 6 l x 1;
) y = x 2 6x ; ) y = (x 1) x ; ) y = (x + 2) x 1 . ) x 2 + x 6 > x; ) x 2 3 4 > x 2.
21. :
) y = x4; ) y = x 2 x + 1 ; ) y = x 2 + 4x 3 ;
8.
x9
) y = ----------------
-; ) y = 36x 3x2 + 4 x 3 .
x3
22. : :
7 4 5
) y = 5 2x ; ) y = 2x x 2 ; ----------------- ----------------- = --- ,
x7 y+6 3
8x
1. )
) y = 2x 2 x + 1 ; - , x l 0;
) --------------------------------------- 5 3 13
3 ----------------- + ----------------- = ------ ;
x2 + 23 x+4 x7 y+6 6
2
) y = x 1 3
------ --- x x + --- x 3 x + 1, x l 0. 4 1
----------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------ = 1,
4 3 2
x+y xy 4 xy4 x+y
23. , x (0; +) - )
2