You are on page 1of 252

..

:

1830-1850-





A M E R IC A N A

Ivan K u m I I a

..

PARTNERS ACROSS THE OCEAN:


THE UNITED STATES
AND RUSSIA, 1870s - 1850s

Volgograd 2005

:

1850-1 850-

2005

63,3(7)52-6 + 63.3(2)521-6
93

..
: - . ., . .. '
. . , . . .

. . - ". 1848.
, -;

, .
- . I 1838 .
. . . 2004. ,

......................... ..........................................................................................................7

1.

I.

1 >

B m T A N N ic A :

ax

1852

PyCCKO-

: 1830
1850- . [ ] = Partners Across the Ocean: The U nited
States and Russia, 1830s 1850s : [] / . .
.;; . . . . ; , .
. Am ericana. : - 2005
488 ., [6] . .

1847

....................4 ?

.....................................................................................................45

, . .
93

.................................................... . . . . 6 8

2 .

........58

- ................................................. 79

1 8 4 8 ------ 1 8 6 0

. . . . 86

1848

1 8 4 9 . ....................................86

..........................................................................9 7

IS B N 5-9669-0078-7

......... . . . .......... 115

, ,
Bi ju
- . .

,
.
,
- , .

5.

I exhhka

. . . 125

............................................................................................ 125


,

ISB N 5-9669-0078-7

....................................................... 154

......... 175

....................................................... 181

* 3'3<7 >52- + * . -
II.

4 .

. . , 2005

, 2005

........................................................................206

18 5 0 - : ..................................................... 207
18 4 0 - : ................................ 221
18 5 0 : ...............................................................249

, , , ................................. 262

5 . ....................................................................................... 275

III.

..................................................... 27 ?

......................................................................... 29?

6 . :

......................................515

XIX

..................................51

: ,

7 .

. ....................................548

................................................................ . 548

.............................. 561
........................................... 576

................................................................... .................... 585

................................................................ 542

.................... 551

.................... 597

................................................ 4 0 8

S u m m a r y .................................................................................................................................. 4 1 4

...........................................................................................4 1 6

.............................................................4 7 9

................................................................................................................ 4 8 0

,
,
.
-.
,
-,
. .
-
?
,
?


, ,

. I ,
.
.
,

, X I X .
, -
.
, ,
- ,
.


, ,
.
, .
,

,
. ,

, .
,
1848
1849 ,

.


.

? ,
.
,
,
,
. ,
,
,
, ,
, ,
,
, ,
, ,
.
X I X

. ,
,
,
1861 .,
,
(1863 .).
,
:
,
1830-,

1848 1849 .1,


1853 1856 .
,
, ,
,
(1845),
(1846 1848 .) (1846 .),

. ,

. , -
1854
.
X IX
, ( ).

, ,
.

,
.
,
.
1861 . 1863 .
.
,
,
X IX X X .

.
(1817 1864 .), ,
, (1845 .)
(1846 1848 .),
.

, .
1

.

10



. (

,
- ), ,
, .
-
.
:

;

, ,
.

,
1860- .
, X IX
.

..

. ,


,
.

,
. 1830- .
.
, 1860-
.
,
,
.
-
, -

111

. ,
X X , , ,

1. ,
. , I , - I
,
.
..
, .
2.
- ,
,
I
, ,
,
. 1861 1865 3.

2 ., : .. :
. . .,
1984; . - : 1815 1832. ., 1975,
. - : 1834
1867. ., 1990; . - ,
1775 1815. ., 1966; Saul N.E. Distant Friends: the United States and
Russia, 1763 1867. Lawrence (Kan.), 1991; Saul N.E. Concord and Conflict.
The United States and Russia, 1867-1914. Lawrence, 1996.
3 : . .
. .; ., 1939; . -
//
. ., 1961; . . ..
// . 1974. 6; . ..
1862 // .
1979. 3; .. //
. . 8, . 1980. 2 ; . ., ..
.
// , 1980. ., 1981.

12



. . 4. ,
,
: -
30- ,
50- , ,
? ,
, -
,
, , - ,
, - ,
5. - -
, , .

,

, ,
.
,
,

. , ,
, ,
.
.
1990 . .
- X I X .
, ,

,
-

4 . . . .;
., 1939.
5 . . 11, 13.

15

1 - 6. ,
<>I ,
.
, , ( , )7. ( )
< ,
. .
8.
,
( 11 ,1
,

- .
.. I 1853 1856 9.

.( 1854 .
,
1856 ., -

6 .. - : 1834 1867. ., 1990. . 9.


7 . . 319.
*
., : . . -
: 1834 1867. ., 1990;
: 3 . / . . .. . ., 1999;
. 1799 1867: . . 200- - 1799 1999, , 6
) 1999 . ., 1999.
4
.. -
. ., 1993; . -
, 1853 1856 // . . 110. .:
, 1984. . 232281; . -

// (). . . / .
. C.J1. . .: , 1988. . 171 185.

14

|0. , ,
-
, , -
. ,

,

11.

,



. ,
,
,

- ,

. ,
, 1861 ( !)
,
,
.
. .

-

10
. :
. ., ..
// . . . 1980. 6. . . 6369.
..
- . , .,
,
: .. :
//
, 1990. ., 1991. . 191205.
.. -
. ., 1993. . 187.

Mill 1

15

I 11 X I X
|2. ,

.
,
1.1 .
-
. ,
A.JI.
X I X .
-
13.

,
14. A.J1.
,
: ,
, , 1 . < ...>
. ,

15.
, ,
, (antebellum) -

12 . . (1850)
// :
. ., 1967. . 5870.
13 A.J1. 3060 .
X IX : .
, 2002; .
. 1856 1860 . // . 2000. 4. . 2937.
14 A.JI. 3060 .
XIX ... . 315.
15 ..
. 1856 1860 . // . 2000. 4. . 37.

16

,
,
.
,
1861 1865 ., 1846
1848 .,
16.


X IX . , . .

1848 1849 .
1852 17.

. , ,
. . ,

,
... 18.
. .
X I X -

16 ., : . 2- . ., 1959. . 1. . 565
593, 670690; : . ., 1985;
.. : 1846 1848. ., 1962;
. : 1821
1845 . /, 1986.
17 . .
, 1848 1852. ., 2003. .
,

: . .
X IX //
, 1775 1877 / . . . . . ., 1994.
. 233-264.
18 .. 20 30-
X IX . // , 1982. .,
1982. . 252. . : ..
//
, 1980. ., 1981. . 216235.

III1I 1

17

I '9.
, I . . 20.

.. . ,
>, ,
ii ,
. niicb . , - 1848 1849 .,
( , )
1 > ,
. .. in ,

,
,
21.
- ,
.
, , ,
| I , . .
,
- X V IIIX X ,
. 22. . . -

14
..
(1841 1856) // , 1991. ., 1992.
93-103.
20
..
// .. . .: ,
1993. . 119-129.
31
.. , :
// , 2003. ., 2005. . 270.
22
.: :
,
/ . . . . . ., 2001.;

18

, ,

, , ,
X IX , ,
,
,
.


23.
, , ,
.
,
.
. . ,
,

,
, ,
,
24.
,
,
,
.
, ( )

.
. . -

. :
. ., 2001; -
. X V IIIX X / . .. . ., 2001.
23 ., : . .
: . ., 1981; ..
, ... (
X V IIX IX .). ., 1999.
24 . . ... . 171, 383.

19

25,
. ,
1850- .,
, 1840- .

,
- 26. ,
,
1917 .

,
.
1930
,
1815 1867 . -
,
,
( )
. - ,
, ,
.
, 1840- .,
,
27. ,
, ,
, , , ,
, 1840- .
- .

25 .. .
: , 1850 1880- . ., 1998.
26
, 1926
-
: G older F.A. Russian-American Relations During the Crimean War
//American Historical Review. 1926 (A pril). Vol. 31. P. 462476.
27 Thomas B.P. Russo-American Relations, 1815-1867 / Johns Hopkins
University Studies in Historical and Political Science. Vol. 48. 2. Baltimore,
1930. P. 167, 169.

20


,
.
. .
,
1832
28. ,

,
.
, ,
- , ,
. ,
,

,

. <...>

, ,
. ,
,
.


, . ,
,

29.
,
30.
,

28
Dulles F.R. The Road to Teheran: The Story o f Russia and America,
1781 1943. Princeton, 1944.
: 29 Sorokin P. Russia and the United States. N ew York, 1944. P. 26, 27,
29, 33.
30 Ibid. P. 168.

21

X IX , ,
.

,
3|.


32.
,
, , .
. :
, 1958 .,
.. .
33.
1952 -

..
,
,
.
,
X X ,
. 1947 .

, 35.
. , 1950 ,
,
(sealed) ,
,

31 Bailey . A. America Faces Russia: Russian-American Relations from


Early Times to Our Day. Ithaca; N ew York, 1950.
32 . , 1 2002 . [ ].
33 Tarsaidze A . Czars and Presidents: The Story o f a Forgotten
Friendship.New York, 1958.
34 Williams W.A. American-Russian Relations, 1781 1947. N ew Yorki
Toronto, 1952.
35 Hecht D. Russian Radicals Look to America, 1825 1894. Cambridge
1947.

22

,
: , , ,
, .
: , , 1825 .
1917 . -- .

,
,
,
, ,
37.

,

.
I, ,
. , 1840- 1850- .
(
, ).
, 1978
.. ,
- . ,


.

, ,

36 Laserson . The American Impact on Russia Diplomatic and


Ideological - 1784 1917. New York, 1950. P. 138, 141.
37 Ibid. P. 155. 1952 . .. ,
.

. 1992 .
.: Riasanovsky N.V. Russia and the West in the Teaching o f the Slavophiles.
A Study o f Romantic Ideology. Cambridge, 1952. P. 112 114; Gleason A.
Republic o f Humbug: The Russian Nativist Critique o f the United States,
1830 1930 //American Quarterly. 1992. Vol. 44. 1. P. 123.

25


. ,

,
. X IX
,
38.
, ,
,
.
,

.
, 1988 .

.
,
,
, ,
- 39.

, - , ,
40.


.
,
. .

38 Gaddis J.L. Russia, the Soviet U nion, and the U nited States:
An Interpretive History. 2nd ed. N ew York, 1990. P. 339 340.
39 Allen R.V. Russia Looks at America: The View to 1917. Washington,
1988. P. 274.
40 , .
, 1917 1937
G u id e to Materials for Am erican History in Russian
Archives,
.


24

.
, , ,

. ,
-
X I X ,
41.

- , .

. 42.
,
, -
,
.
-
.
-

. 43.
,
,
- .

,
.
, , ,

,
,
.

41 SaulN.E. Distant Friends... P. 166 168.


42 Dowty A. The Limits o f American Isolation: The United States and
the Crimean War. N ew York, 1971.
43 Kirchner W. Studies in Russian-American Commerce, 1820 1860.
Leiden, 1975.

25

,
,
.
, ,
, 44.
,
-
,
.
-

. ,
-
. ,

, ,
. ,
,

.
,
X X ,
.

,
:
1)
,
.
,

, 45.
,
, -

44 Ibid. . 224.
45 Thom as .P. Russo-Am erican Relations, 1815-1867 / Johns
Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science. V.48. 2.
Baltimore, 1930.

26

,
46.
, ,
Britannica
, , ,
X IX . ,
, ( )
,
,
.
2)
(insulation)
,

( )47.

. ,


. ,

(
,

1830 . 1849 .).
,
,

, .
, ,
-

.

.
-
, ,
"46 Ibid. . 9.
47 Gaddis J.L. Russia, the Soviet Union, and the United States... P. 25.

27

.
,
,
, , ,
, .
,
,
48.
,
. , ,
.
,
X IX .

.
,
.

.


.
,
-,
. ,


.

, -

48 ., : .. :
. ., 2004;
. :
. ., 2003.

28

.
.
-
, .

.

,
.

. 1840 1850- .
, , , ,
, .
, ,
,
. , ,
, ,
.
,
? , ?
?
?

?
.
-
,

.
,
, ,
.


,
. ,
, ,
, , ,

29

.
.
,
, , .
.


.
. ,

(
, ),

, - ,
,
.

- 1830 1860 .

.
- .
-, 1832
, ,
- .
, 49,

. ,

49
1832 . ,
:

1832

3,248,852.

500,629

3,749,481

%

2,15

1842

1,350,106

831,615

2,181,721

1,12

1852

1,581,620

1,200,480

2,782,100

0,75

57,032

652,234

0,18

1862

595,202

, ,
,
(
)
. , , -
( ,
. )50.
,

.
,
51.
, , ,

,
52. ,

( ) : Libbey J.K. American-Russian


Economic Relations: A Survey o f Issues and References. Claremont, 1989.
P. 12. H e .
50 Kirchner W. Studies in Russian-American Commerce, 1820 1860.
Leiden, 1975; Coleman M . Russia and America: Balancing the Account
Books from M ore Than a Century o f Trade // N ew England Journal o f
History. 1996.Vol. 53. l.P . 4856; Fredrickson J.W.American Shipping
in the Trade with Northern Europe, 1783 1860 // Scandinavian Economic
History Review. 1956. Vol. 4. 2. P. 109 125.
51 . . -
: 1834 1867. ., 1990; : 3 . /
. . .. . ., 1999; . 1799 1867:
. . 200- 1799 1999, , 6 10 1999 .
., 1999.
52 :
. . :
. ., 1981; .
: , , . ., 1987;
.. , ... (
X V IIX IX .). ., 1999;
. . 14. ., 19972004; .

,
.
, ,

, .
, ,

. , ,
, , ,


, . .
, .. , .. , . 53.
, ,
,
,
,
1848 1849 .


X IX ,
.
, -

53
.: .. -
. ., 1993; . -
, 1853 1856 // . . 110. ., 1984.
. 232281; ..
// . .,
1979. . 4353; . ., ..
// . . .
1980. 6. . . 6369; . ., ..
1854 1855 //
. 1978. 4. . 3552; Dowty A. The Limits o f American
Isolation: The United States and the Crimean War. N ew York, 1971.

- (.
), .
.



,

,

.

, ,

,
,
.


.

, ,
, ,

,
, ,
,
.
,


, ,

.


.
,
,
,

. . ,
. . /, .. .


X IX ,
, U nited States Magazine and Democratic R eview (
1837 1859 .), Am erican W hig R eview (
1845 1852 .), N orth American R eview ( 1815
X IX ), N e w Englander and Yale Review
( 1843 1893 .), H a rp ers N e w M onthly M agazine
( 1850 . ), Putnam s M onthly Magazine
o f Am erican Literature, Science and A rt ( 1853
1870 .), D e B ow s Southern and Western R eview , Southern
Literary Messenger, Southern Quarterly R eview
.
,

. ,
- ,
, - .
, , ,
, .
,


.

, ,
.
,
,

,
.

,
- ,

- .

,
.


,
, ,
, ,
, ,
:
, , ,
, , ,
. , ,

, ,
,
.

, ,
.

54
: ,
,
, ,
, .
,
, ( -

,
).
, .

.

, , .
,
.
.
. ,
34
The American Image o f Russia, 1775 1917 / Ed. by Eugene Anschel.
N ew York: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co, 1974.

. ,
, , ,
.

, ,
,
.
, ,
,
, -,
, .

, : ,
, , ,
.
,
,
, ,
, , ,
.

,
.
,
,
.
,

.

56



,
, .
,
, , .
,
: . . . . . , . . . . . . . . .
,
.

,
, . ,
,
, (
),
(IR E X ).

.
-
,
, .
.
,
.

, ,
,
,
, , .

.

57

.. , . . , . - , . .
, . . , .. , . . .
. , .
, . , . , . . , . . , .. , . . .
, * ,
.



(P O N A R S ).
, ,
.


,

.
.. , ,
.



.


,
.
,
,
.
, -
.
,
,
.

, ,
.
, ,
(
).
, ,
, .
X IX
12 .
, ,
,
. , ,
,
, (
, ).

I .

41

X IX

.

, .
-
.
.

,
.
,
.
, ,

. 1830 1860- .

,
.
, ,
1830- . ,
,
,
.
,
.
-
. ,

. ,

.

,
, .

X X
,
-

42

I.

. ,

:

,
,
,
1.

P a x BMTANNl'CA:
-
18*2 1847 .

1832


I 83? 2

.. (1825 1829 ).
,
3.
, ,
, .- .
, I ,

. ,
,
,

' .- . 1861. 4 . . :
(1861 1865 .). ., 2002. . 1. 72

(KrUdener, X IX
,
,
), (1784 1858).
Clay Vol f p

212 ' ' 3 23 1830 - // ^ , o f Henry

1
44

45

I.

4. ,
, ,
5.


.
1833 :
, ,
, (

,
. .)...
<...>
;
,

. , ,
;
,
6.
,

.
- .
1830- .
.


.

4 . , 20 1835 . // Ley F.
LaRussie, Paul de Krudener et les Soulevements Nationaux, 1814 1858
(d apres de nombreux documents inedits). [Paris], 1971. P. 109. He
,
.
5 . , 19 1835 // Ley F.
La Russie, Paul de Krudener et les Soulevements Nationaux... P. 110.
6 . . , 24. 10/22 1833
// . . . 1834. . 221. . 21 . 22 .

, 1832
. ,
7.

,
,
.
, ,
( ,
),
.

, ,
- ..

,
,
, ,
8.
1833 .


.


( ,
.
.: .. - 1815-1832. ., 1975.
8
. . . , 29 1832 . //James
Buchanan Papers. Historical Society o f Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: Microfilm
ed. R. 2. 113 114.
: , ,
, . ,

, , ,
. , 15. 22
(..) 1833 . // The Works o f James Buchanan / Ed. by John Bassett
Moore. Philadelphia; London, 1908. Vol. 2. P. 321. WJB.

46

I.

- )9.
-
.
.
-
.
(Lord Heytesbury)
10.


. , ,

, .
.
,
, .

- ,
.
,
-.
4
:

, .
..
".
, 1834
-

9 . ,

,

, -
. .
10 , 8 1833. . : Oeste G.I. John
Randolph Clay: Americas First Career Diplomat.Philadelphia, 1966. P. 144.
11 Oeste G.I, John Randolph Clay... P. 147.

47

. , ,
( - ),
-
(1779 1865), .
,
1830-
. ,


. 1832
- ,
. ,
,

(
)13.
13
1834 .

. -

,
.
,
.
, .
- ,
(JI. . .)
, -
,
,
14.
12 .
13 .: Slick S.E. William Wilkins: Pittsburgh Extraordinary//Western
Pennsylvania Historical Magazine. 1939. Vol. 22. 4. P. 225, 233.
14 . . , 2. 21 1834 . .. // National
Archives and Record Service (N A R S ). Record Group (R G ) 59. Microfilm
(M .) 35. Despatches from United States Ministers to Russia, 1808 1906.
Roll 13. Vol. 13. October 13, 1834 July 29, 1839.

48

I.



,
|5. , , .



(, , ,

).


1824 ,
-
. , ,
-
. , 1836 16.
. , ,
, ,
. -

.
17.
24 1835
.

2
1837 .

15 . - . , 20 /1 1835 . // .
. . . 469. 1835. . 67. JI. 25 .
16 , 4-
1824 , ..
. ., : .. -
: 1834 1867. ., 1990. . 22 34;
. 111. : .
1825 1867 / . . .. . ., 1999.
17 .: Slick S.E. William Wilkins: Pittsburgh Extraordinary // Western
Pennsylvania Historical Magazine. 1939. Vol. 22. 4. P. 233.

49

,
.
,
(C h ew ), , 5 1837 ,
.
(1792 1864)

. 1830-
,
,

.
1836 ,
,
|8.

. .
1837
,
19.
30 , 1
, I
, .


,
.
. . 1

.

18 ,
,
, . 28 1837 . // Dallas
G .M . Diary o f George Mifflin Dallas... P. 15.
19 ..
.

50

I.

,


,
,
,
20. , ,
,
.

,

, 2!.
, ,

.

, , ,
22. ,
,

.
-
1820- .,
:
, ,
,
,

. <...>
,
,
-,
, 20 . . , 30 1837 . // . .
. . 469.1837. . 247. . 35-35 .
21 . . 35 .
22 . . 3838 .

51

, ,
.

23. ,
,
,
,
.


,

,
24.

,
,
, .
1829 - -
,
,
,
, . <...>


. <...>
,
,

25.

23 . . 40 . 41 .
24 . . 4242 .
25 . . 4647 .
.
. ,
. - 1841 .
. .
.

52

I.

,


! -
-
.
, :

, ,
,
,
, .
, ,
-
, ,
,
. , ( -
. .) - ,
;
[. ]
, , ,
, ,
, ,
,
26.

4- 1824

, -
, 27.
,
,
. -

26 .. , 30 1837 . // . .
. . 469. 1837. . 247. . 48 . 49 .
27 . . 51 . 52.

.

1830 .:

.
,

,
28.
,
,

,

, .

,
.

,
, ,

29.
,
.
: ,
, , ,


30. :
,

; 28 . . 57 . 59.
29 . . 5959 .
30 . . 6060 .

54

I.

,
31.

. .
.

: ,
, ,
,

32. ,

, : 1840-
, ,
. ,
1840-
.

,
. , ,
.
(patronizing Whig B o d is co )33.


, .
. ,
-,
.

31 . JI. 60 .
32
, , -
.
( ). - . , 27
1843 . //The Works o f Henry Clay, Comprising His Life, Correspondence
and Speeches. New York; London, 1904. Vol. 5. P. 4 7 4 4 7 5 .
33 . , 17 1849 . // WJB. Vol. 8. P. 361.



,

, ,
,
.

:
,
.
,
, ,

.
. -,
.
,
. ,


. -,
,


, . .

,

.
,
.
, 1830 1840-
.

34
. . .. , 1 2 . 14/26 1838 .
//. . . . 469. 1838. . 222. JI. 103 .

56

I.

. ,
1839
,

.

. <...>
,
, ,


.


, , , ,


, ;
, ,
, ,
,
,
, ,
35.

, ,




36.

35
. , 718. 18 1838 // .
. . . 512/3. . 41. . 13 14.
36 .. , 13
1839 . . 241 //. . . . 512/3.
. 41. . 60.

I 1

57

37,

:



,





,






,
( )
,

,
38.
1830- .
,
.


.

.. , . . I,
( 37 Questions a addresser aux Missions Imperiales a l etranger par le
Ministere des Domaines de Empire // . .
. On. 512/3. . 41. . 298304 .
38 .. .. , 9.19/31 1839 . // .
. . 512/3. . 41. . 268268 .

58

I.

)39. , ,
,


40. , , ,
.
-
1830- . .

-

1837 1838 .
X. JI. 41,
.. 42.
-
43.
1830- .,
- .

39 Dallas G .M . Diary o f George Mifflin Dallas, While United States


Minister to Russia 1837 to 1839, and to England 1856 to 1861 / Ed. by Susan
Dallas. Philadelphia, 1892. P. 79.
.:
I // . 1896. . . 5 16.
40 . . 3.
41 ., .: Stavrianos. X.S. The Rumour o f Russian Intrigue in the
Rebellion o f 1837 // Canadian Historical Review. 1937. Vol. 18. 4; Black
J.L. Canada in the Russian Mirror: the Canada Card in Russian Politics
and Foreign Policy, 1802-1860. Ottawa, 1995; Black J.L. The Peasant
Kingdom: Canada in the 19th-Century Russian Imagination: A Cruise through
Old Russian Books and Archives. Ottawa, 2001.
42 .. 1837 1838 . //
, 1976. ., 1976; .
. ., 1978.
43 ., .: Brebner J.B. North Atlantic Triangle: The Interplay o f
Canada, the United States, and the Great Britain. New Haven; Toronto, 1945;

59

X IX ,
, .

. 1830-
,
.


,
. ,

. ,
.
,
,
- .
, , ,

. 1837 . -
.
,


. 1836
.
,
,
, .
. .
I.

:

Harris . The Meaning o f Patriot: The Canadian Rebellion and American


Republicanism, 1837 1839 // Michigan Historical Review. 1997. Vol. 23.
1; Harvey L.-G . Importing the Revolution: The Image o f America in
French-Canadian Political Discourse, 1805 1837. Ph. D. thesis. University
o f Ottawa, 1989; .

1
60

61

I.

, , ,
,

44. ,
,
, ... ,
45.

. 14
1838 , ,

,
,
4.

: ,

,
; , ,
, ,
, -
,
47.
.

48.
44 [ . .] I
// . 1896. . . 67. .:
6 1837 // Dallas G .M . Diary o f George M ifflin Dallas... P. 11.
45 . . 7.
46 , 13. 14 1838 . // N A R S . R G 59.
. 35. DD. Russia. R. 13. Vol. 13.
47 31 1838 . // Dallas G .M . Diary o f George Mifflin
Dallas... P. 65.
48 .
. : Black J.L. Canada in the Russian Mirror: the Canada Card in
Russian Politics and Foreign Policy, 1802 1860. Ottawa, 1995; Black J.L.
The Peasant Kingdom: Canada in the 19,h-Century Russian Imagination:
A Cruise through Old Russian Books and Archives. Ottawa, 2001.

.

-
,
.
1
!
,

,
,
.
,
, ( - ),
, (
) 1838 ,
. ,
, 1838
,
, -
. -
. ,
, - ,
,

,
, 44.
1838 -
.
,
(
). , ,
.
,
50.

49 . no: Black J.L. Canada in the Russian Mirror... P. 17 18.


50 .: B.A. 1837 1838 . .
. 289-291.

62

I.


, .
, ,
? .
,
. .
,
.
, ,
, , ;
, , ,
.
;
;
; ,
- , -
. .51.


. ,

- ,
. 21 1839
. . :
... ,
,

. ,
,

.
. -

, -
-

51
13 1838 . // Dallas G .M . Diary o f George Mifflin
Dallas... P. 125.

65

.
52.
.
9
1838
- .

(
. . ) .
, -
, ,
, . ,
,
,
,
.

: ,

,
. < ...> ,
, , ,
,
54.
, I

1839 .
,

52 , 21 1839 .;
, 21 1839 . . : Black J.L. Canada in the
Russian Mirror... P. 27.
53 , 17/29 1838 . // Le Due . .
That Rumor o f Russian Intrigue in 1837 // Canadian Historical Review.
1942. Vol. 23. 4 (December). P. 399. . : Black J.L. Canada in the
Russian Mirror... P. 2829; B A . 1837-1838 .
. . 291.
54 , 21 1839 . // Le Due .. That
Rumor o f Russian Intrigue in 1837 // Canadian Historical Review. 1942.
Vol. 23. 4 (December). P. 400.

64

I.

, :
, ( )
55.


, . 1838
( )

. 1832, 1835 1837 .
-, , ,
.
, , 1837 .
. 56.
IV (
), , , ,
, 57.
,

58.
,
,
( ).
,

,
59.
1840 .
, , ,

55 23 1839 . // Dallas G .M . Diary o f George M ifflin


Dallas... P. 209.
56 B.A. 1837-1838 . . . 286.
57 . : Black J.L. Canada in the Russian Mirror... P. 3435.
58 Russian P o lic y in L o w e r Canada // M a c k e n z ie s G a zette.
15 September 1838. . no: Black J.L. Canada in the Russian Mirror... P. 35.
59 .: B.A. 1837 1838 . .
. 286.

65

-
60.

.
1830- .
, ,
. 1840 I

, . 1839 .

; ,
1840 .
61.
.
, ..

, 1837 1839 .62, , ,
1839 .
, ,

.
-

,

63. ,

,
, .
1840-,

,

60 . : Black J.L. Canada in the Russian Mirror... P. 36.


61 .: .. :
. ., 1985. . 196213.
62 .: .. 1837 1838 . .
. 286-289.
63 . . 3.

66

I.


.

- -
.
,
, -
,
64.
, ,

65. X IX .

.
,

. , ,

. , ,
,


.
, 1839

(* .
,

,

64
.: .. 1837 1838 . .
- 295 296, . . -
(1841 .) // Americana: . .
. . 1 1997
. 16-23.
.: .. -
X IX X X . , 1994.
66
1835 , X.
. ,
. .

67

...

,
.

,
:

,
,
,
, . .,

,
.

67.

, ,
,

, -

67.

, X.
.

.
, ,

67
Juan Galindo to Baron Krudener, Minister o f H .M . the Emperor
o f All the Russias in the United States o f America. Guatemala, 15 January
1839 // . . . On. 512/3. . 41. JI. 6667.
. : . ., ..
:
// .
2004. . . 95-98.

68

I.

, . , ,

,
(
,
; ,
). -,
,

,

.
1839 ..
. .
: ,
, ,
68.


1841 .
.
,
.

.

, 1841 ,
.
, .
,
; , ,
68
.. .. , 20 1839 . // .
. . . 512/3. . 41. JT. 411.

69

,
69.
, , ,
(
) 1841
. ,
;
.

,
,
.
,
,
,
. - 1783 1815
,
( ).
-
1827 . ,
1831 .
; -
.
1841 .

. 17
:
, ,
..., ,
70.
- - ,

.

:
69 Webster D. The Works o f Daniel Webster. Boston, 1854. V ol 2
P. 326-327.
70 Times. 1841. March 17. P. 5.

70

I.

( I ),
1840 .
-,
,
.
.

,
.. . . ,
,

, . ,
-,
.


.
. . 9
- ,
, -,

71.
I

.
18/30 1841 . -
, , , : ,
[
]
72, ...

-

71 . . , 41. 25 /9 1841 .
//.. 133. ..469.1841.. 111. . 516.
72 1840 .
-
.

71

... ...
-
,
,
, ,
. ...
73.

, .
30
, , ,
...
(ses bon offices)

, ,

74.
,

1812 1815 . - , ,
, .
I
. 6
. .
,
- :
,
,
75.

73 . 18/30 1841 . // . . 133.


. . 469. 1841. . 195. . 382385.
: Papers o f Daniel Webster ( P D W ). Diplom atic Papers.
Vol. 1. Hanover, N. H., 1983. P. 5153.
74 . 91. 18/30 1841 . // .
. 133. . . 469. 1841. . 116. . 93-93 .
75 . . 14.6 1841 . // NARS. R G 59.
Di plomatic Despatches. Russia. R. 14. Vol. 14.

72
i.

c 0~

<*


18/30 S
:
, ,,"

. ,
,
,

6

78.

134?

,
, 16 (28)

v '

,
,
79
, , -

!
,

, ^ : ^ ^ ^ ^
^.

1
7?

, 1827 .

- ,
1831 . .

.
. 4 (16 ) 1841 .,
, ,
,
.

80.
, ,
,

, ,
-
82.



83-.
- 1841
. .
-
.
-
: ,

] ;

76 . - . 15. 1841 //NARS <;


Diplomatic Despatches.Russia.R. 14.Vol. 14 .
NARS. RG 59.
77 .: . N 68 4/16 !

- , 13 1841
1841 - , 14 1841 //
t
' 0 - . 1 6 6 - 1 7 1 .
//1| . . 133. . . 469.1841. . 1 1 2 .
W .R fed ) ^ ^ ~ 121 19 1841 . // Manning
Relations 1 7 8 4 -IS60a: k h T Z Oni m V o l f 3h?
Russia. f

14 V o M 4 ~

* " " *

>7- 4 1841 . // NARS. RG 59. DD.

- . 4/16 1841 . (
- , 84. 2 9 /11 1841 .)/ / 133
. . 469.1841. . 1 12. . 346 .
/ / A R n P w m n i T ~ 84' 29 / 1841 .
// 1. . 133. . . 469.1841. . 112. . 341345.
82 - , 27. 17/29 1841 . // 133
. . 469,1841. . 195. . 181 .
83 , 196. 31 1841 // 1"
. . 469.1841. . 116. . 148-152.

74

I.


. ,
... ,
, ,
... ,
, ,
84.
- . ,
1841 .
, , , ,

.

,
. . 85, .
,
.


. . .

. . . ,
, ,
. . , ... ,

- 86. .
, ,
87, -
, ,

84 .. . , 6. 10/22 1841 r.//NARS. . 35.


Diplomatic Despatches.Russia.Vol. 14.R.14.
85 . . , . 21 1842 . // PDW .
Diplomatic Papers.Vol. 1. P. 493.
86 . . , . 22
1841. // Papers o f Daniel Webster. Microfilm edition. Reel 16. 20708.
87 . . , 6 1841 . // . . 133.
. . 469.1841. . 115. . 35.

I 1

75

,
88.
,
,

1841 .
1842 .
,
. (
9 1842 .),
89. .

,
90.

.
, -
-
,

.
,


.
-
-
.. -
. -

8 . , 247. 25 /7 1841 .
//. . 133. . . 469.1841. . 115.. 34.
89 9 1842 .
,
I
.
Adams J.Q. Memoirs o f John Quincy Adams. Comprising Portions
o f His Diary from 1795 to 1848. 12 vols. Freeport, N . Y ., 1969 (repr.; I ed.
1874-1877).Vol. H .P . 133.

76

I.

,
. .
- , :

, .
.
, , ,
,
(arms) , .

.

,
. ,
, ,

, .

.
9V 92.


,
.
, -

!
:

; -

,
,
(Liv. I 19, 2).

,2 . : Griffin G.W. Memoir o f Col. Chas. S. Todd. P. 80 81.


. .: Americans in Russia
Col. Todd s Speech // N ile s National Register. 1843. 20 .

I I

77


.
,
,
93.
-
, ,
,
,
...
,
,
...
,
, , ,
94.
1840-
,

1812 . ,

, 1844
I .

. .
-
,
.
,

,
..
:
93 .. . , 20. 17/29 1842 . // N A R S .
. 35.Diplomatic Despatches. Russia.Vol. 14. R. 14.
94 .. .. , 2/14 1843 . // .
. 133. . . 469.1843. . 51. . 22 .

78

I.


, ]
,
; ,
,


,
. ( . .)

,
, ,
]
... ,
, 95.

1843 , :
, ,
.
.
.
,
. , 96.


. , ,
.

' 7 ~ ' > 5. 17/29 1841 . // National


Archives and Record Service. Washington, DC. Record Group 59 General
Records o f the Department o f State.(NARS).Microcopy (M .) 35.Diplomatic
Despatches. Russia. Vol. 14. R. 14.
96 .. . , 29, 23 /4 1843 . // PD W
Diplomatic Papers.Vol. 1.. 239

79



1840- .,
.
,
,
, ,

, ,
,
,
, 49,
...
,
,
,
,
, , ,
, ,
,
, 97.
,

,
,
. 1845
..
..
: ,
, ,
- ,
, , ,
. : 1.
~ 97 .. . , 50. 12/24 1844 . // NARS.
. 35.Diplomatic Despatches.Russia.Vol.14.R.14.

80

, 2.
. , ,

, , 3 ( gentecl way),

,
98.



^
,


, .

~
6 ,
.
.
99
1
3^

,
, . X IX

O f His D ia ^ F r o m 95 T o 1 / bv
^
Comprising Portio,ls
Philadelphia 1877 Vol 12 P 187 /"?
arles Francis Adams. 12 vols.
rrV rt
;
187- ( 28 1845 .)

81

- 42 49 ,
, ,
, ,
,
54, 100.

- :
( - . .),
, ,
. -
42 5440'
...
,
, ] ,
,
, ,

101.

, ,

. 1844
1845
- ( . .
? . .), , ( )
,
, ,
]
102.

loo _ 1 2 6 . /22 1843 . // N A R S


. 35.Diplomatic Despatches.Russia.Vol. 14.R. 14.
,
I . .. - . , 27. 22 /
6 1843 .// N A R S . .35.Diplomatic Despatches.Russia.Vol. 14. R. 14
_ .. , 6/18 1845 . // [Calhoun J.C.j
The Papers o f John C. Calhoun / Ed. by Robert L. Meriwether et al Vol 21
Columbia, 1993. P. 154.

82
.

1 1

85

J S S S r,

i =

[ ^

c
S

^ "
0

3

*
"




105. , ,
* ^

- -

1843
^

- -
!

> ^
. ,
, 7 *

*105

104

1 ;

, ^
. , ,

1843
- ,
-
[ ,
3
, -
-

(

^
).

,

'
* .
1845
,

. ,

D ip t o a t fc , 1 ,^ 9 29' MI,Pla/4 " 1843 - // p DW-

. 157.

" ,2?; ' 2 1845 r //NARS. . 35.


10nS KUSSla K 136 114.0: WJB.Vol. 6.

05
. ' 9 ' ~ , 18 1845 . // Griffin G W
M em oir o f Col. Chas. S. Todd. P. 84-86.
106 . .. , 6. 13 1843 . // N A R S 77
Diplomatic Instructions.Russia.R. 136.Vol. 14.

84

I.

1 1

8?

,
. ,
:
, ,
,
.

- 107.
. .
1845 ,

. ,
,
,
,
,
108. 27 1846 .
(
)
(
)
,
1830-, .
- 20 1845 ,
,

( ) ,
(
)|09.
15
-

10/ .. . , 61. 29 /10 1845 .


// N A R S .M .35.Di plomatic Despatches.Russia.Vol. 14.R. .
: Griffin G.W . Memoir o f Col. Chas. S. Todd. P. 102 103.
108 . - .. , 26 1845 . // WJB. Vol. 6.
. 266.
109 Oeste G.l.John Randolph Clay: Americas First Career Diplomat
Philadelphia, 1966. P. 257261.

,
.
,
-
,

, ,
.

1840- .

, ,

,
1848 1849 .
.
.
,

, ,
.

1 2

:
1 8 4 8 1 8 6 0 .

1 8 4 8 1 8 4 9 .
1848 ,
,

. ,

.
: -
. . ,
. .

, ,
.

1849 ,
.
(
)
, (
).

.

87

, .
.
, ,
.
,
1815 , ,
I ,

,
.

:
.
, ,
.
.
,

.

.
.
( )
,
, ,
,
.

1.
, .

,
.
,
1
.. . , 64. 28 1848 .
// Library o f Congress Manuscript Division. Andrew J. Donelson Papers.
R.7.Vol. 13.

88 5

I.

,
.

1 1848 . , 1847 .,
:
( . .),
, , ,
, , ,
,
2.
, , ,
,
,
,
3.
-
: ,

, 4.
, ,
.
.
:
...
,
5.

Vol 8 * 8 39> ~ ' 5- 1 1848 . // WJB,


. .. . 29 1848 . // Library o f
Congress Manuscript Division. Andrew J. Donelson Papers. R. 7 V ol 13r . . , 10. 1 1848 . // N A R S 35
Diplomatic Despatches.Russia.Vol. 15.R. 1 5 .
^ ^ ?? ~ - > 11. 12 1848 . // NARS.
59. .35.Diplomatic Despatches.Russia.R. 15.Vol. 15.
5
P - . , . 19 1848 . // Library o f
Congress M anuscript Division. James K. Polk Papers. Ser. 2. General
Correspondence. R. 52. 19637.

IA A B A 2

89


5 1848 .:
(the surrounding nations), , ,
I , ,
.
I | ,

... , [
] , 6.
.

,
. ,
1815 , .
, ,
.
10
1848 - (N e w York Herald)
: ,

, .
1J ,
,
7.

,
(U n io n )
7 :

, (Journal de St-Petersbourg),
,
,
,
...

6 . . , 80. 5 1848 . // Library
o f Congress Manuscript Division.Andrew J. Donelson Papers.R. 7. Vol. 13.
7 Russia//New York Herald. 1848. 10 anp.

I.

.
,
.
. ,
-
. <...> ,
, ...
, ,
, , ,
,
...

.
, .
, .
, ,

8.
5

1 .. 1848 ,

<< (N a tio n a l
/ 106
25
5 ? : <<

" 1[ ,
0 , , , 1>0>
[ ]9.
6 tit ^
;^1 - 1< r << ^ . 6/18 1848 , -

Union. 1848.7 .
National Intelligencer. 1848. 25 .

91

,
|0.
,
,
.
.
- ,
.

1848 .

.
. 3. ,
, ,
.
1849 ,
, , ,
.
,
,
, .
, .
,
.
, (
)

12. ,

.

10 . . , 28. 23 /4 1848 .
//. . 133. . . 469.1848. . 184. . 142 .
11 .: . . , 6. 17 1848 . //WJB.
Vol. 8. . 88-89.
12 . .. , 4. 2 1849 . // N A R S . R G 59.
. 35. Diplomatic Despatches.Russia. R.15. Vol. 15.

92

I.

- 13,
( )
,
14.
. ,
,
. ,
-
15.
,
,

.

.
1850 ,

,
, ,
|6.
, . . 31
1850 . i
:
, ;
, , , .
,
?

?

, , ,
23 1849 .
14 . .. , 5 . 14 1849.//NARS. RG 59.
. 35.Diplomatic Despatches.Russia.R.15.Vol.l5.
15 . . , . 18 1849 . // NARS.
RG 59. .77.Diplomatic Instructions.Special M issions.R.l52.V o l.l.
16 . 8 1850 . // Appendix to
the Congressional Globe. 31s' Congress, I s* Session. P. 43.

95

? < ...> , ,
,
, , , .
, ,
17.
, ,
. ,

, 1849 ,
. -
-


18.

. ,
JI.
.-. 30 1850 .
.

,
,
19.
20.
, . ,
21
17 31 1850 . // Ibid. . 84.
18 ., .: .. . , 10 1849 . (
) //John . Clayton Papers. Cont. 7. Library o f Congress Manuscript
Division. Washington, DC.
19 .-. . , 30 1850 . // PDW.
Diplomatic Papers.Vol.2.P.4344.
20 .: . . , 51. 25 /7
1850 .//. . 133. . . 469.1850. 138.. 273276 .,
, : , 11 1850 .; , 15
1850 .; . // . . 277 284.
21 . . , 3 1850 . // PDW. Diplomatic
Papers. Vol. 2. P. 46.

94

I.



22.
.
, ,
,
,
(tem pore F illm ore)
23.
, 21 . .- .
(
),
, ,
.
,
,
. ,

,
, ...
, , , ,
, .
.

,
1824 .! :

,
,
24.
, .
,
: 1. <...>
,
. 2. ,
22 . . , 20 1850 . // Ibid. . 47.
23 . . , 13 1850 . // Ibid. . 450.
24 . .-. , 21 1850 . // Ibid. . 4961.

9?


, 25.
, ,
. ,
,
( ) .
... -
,
,
. -
26.
, . .-.
,
. -
: :

.
27.
-.
. ,
, . ,
28.
.
,
. 29, .

, ,
.
, ,

. ,

23 . . , 16 1851 . // Ibid. Vol. 2. P. 64.


26 N ew York Weekly Tribune. 1851. January 11.
27 New York Weekly Tribune. 1851. February, 15.
28 H. . , 7.8 1851 . // NARS. DD. Russia.
Vol. 15.
29 . . , 59. 18/30 1850. //
. . 133. . .469. 1851. . 147. . 22-23 .

96

I.

,
( , )
.


.

X IX .
,

.
,
,
, ,

.

30.


.

.


, ,
,
.


,




,

j0 . . ... . 235, 255.

97

.

, ,
( , ).

.
,
,
,
.
, ,
.
,

.

raison d etat.

1850-
.
1850-
.

.
,
,
.
(,
) -
.

- -
, ,
.
1830- .
, ( ~

98

1.


)
31.

, 1850
.
.

,
.
1850 . -
,
. , ,
32.

- :
..
33.
1850
,
,

34.
, .
. -

31 .: . . -
X IX X X . , 1994.
32 . . ( :
. . - (1850)
// :
. ., 1967),
,
.
// r .r -^ ? Ki b ~
, 5. 22 /3 1850 .
// . . 133. . . 469. 1850. . 138. JI. 77 .
.: .. ...:
X IX
, 1997.

99

, - 35, ,
, . , status quo
36. .

.

,
,
37.

.
,
. .
. . .
, , ,
, ,
-
2000 38.

-
:

,
39.

35 . , X.
.
36 . - - ., 19 1851 . // PDW . Diplomatic
Papers. Vol. 2. P. 578.
37 H. , 14/26 1850 . // . . 133.
. . 469.1850. . 164. JI. 5 .
38 .. . . , 28 1850 . // , . 18.
.
. . 5. . 848. . 4 .
39
, 6 1850 . 1099
// . . 18. .
. . 5. . 848. . 17.

100

I.



, ,


,
, ,
,
,

, -
40.

:

,
-
, , , ,

, ,
,
,
,
41.
21 1850
:
,
, ,
-

, [ ] ,
-
, . -

40 . . 560. . . 4
. 1363.JI. 5 . 6.
41 . . 9 9 .

I 7

101

| 11 42. . . 'I .. 43.



.
. ..
i ,
44.
, ,
11
, ,
:
, , ,
45. . ,,

46.
, ,

, . .
47.
. .
. 1 0 (2 2 ) 1851 :
,

42 , 21 1850 . 473. // .
'1>. 560. . . 4. . 1363. . 12
12 .
43 . . .. , 2 1850 . 6324
// . . 18. .
. . 5. . 848. . 2929 .
44 . . , 5. 3 1850 . // NARS. DD. Russia.
Vol. 15.
45 . . , 23 /5 1850 . // .
. 133. . . 469.1850. . 164. . 12 12 .
46 . . , 20 1850. // . . 133.
. . 469. 1850. . 164. . 37 .
47 .: . . (1850)
// :
. ., 1967. . 5870.

102

I.

.
,
48.
.
,
-.
,
, ei . , ,

, .
, 1850 1851 .

( . .),
, .

-
.
, 1840 1850- .
,
.

. ,
. ,

. , ,

, ,

( )
.
X IX
(
,
,
, ).
48
. . , 18. 10/22 1851 . //.
. 133. . . 469. 1851. . 148. JI. 152.

105

.

> .
, , ,
.
17
1851 . .
.
, ,

,
...

,
49.
,
50.
.
, X V III X IX .
, X IX .
.

. 1851 . ..
I -
, -
51.
49 . . . 17 1851 . // N A R S . Notes from
Russian Legation. R. 3. Vol. 4.
50 . : .. ,
X IX // II -
.
27 1 1995 : . . . . 1. , 1995.
. 160-164.
51 . : .. ,
1732 1799. ., 1991. . 198; .
X IX . ., 1995. . 273; ..
:
X V III X IX . ., 1964. . 134
166; . : 1820
1865 . ., 1971. . 333.

105

104

I.


. 1849 .
,
.

, .
X IX .
, ,
52. 1842 . . ,

,
III,
. ,

53.
,
.
1840- .

,
.
,
,
. 1850 .
. , 1840- .

, ,
.

. 1851 .
. ,

, ,

52 .: ..
, - X IX . ., 1971;
. ...
53 Richardson J.D., ed. A Compilation o f the Messages and Papers o f
the Presidents: 1789-1897. Washington, 1902. Vol. 4. P. 211-212.

,
,
,
.
.
: ,
oc^ B
,
" ! >, ,
^
^
, ,
are, . , . 6
. (Chapm an),
() .

, ,
. ,

(
- ),

. ,
.
( 30 ) c Z c Z o .
: 184 J
, ,
^ ,
56.
54 . , 6. . 111 21
1851 . // PD W . Diplomatic Papers. Vol. 2. Hanover, N. H., 1989. P. 2 .
55 . , 2 1 ' 1851 . // Fapers
anie
Webster. Microfilm Edition. 34448
w n i nlnmatic
56 P.A. - , 16 1851r.// PD W . Diplomatic
Papers. Vol. 2. P. 270274.

106

I.


20 , ,
57,

, 17
. 21 .

58.
,

59. , .
-
.
, ,

,
. 1852 .
. ,
, ,
. .

:
,
,
- ,
60.

10 1853 . ,
57 Ibid. . 270.
58 .: . . , 5. 21 1851 . //Papers o f
Daniel Webster. Microfilm Edition. Roll 24. 33949; . .
, 19.10/22 1851 . //. . 133. . . 469.
1851. . 147. . 300 .-3 0 1 .
59 . - . , 25 1851 . // NARS. . 99. Notes to
Foreign Legations. Russia. R. 82. P. 37.
60 .-. .- . - , 37. 5
1853 . . : Curti .. Austria and the United States, 1848 1852:
A Study in Diplomatic Relations // Smith College Studies in History. 1926.
Vol. H .P . 147-148.

IA A B A 2

107


. ,

, ,
61.

.
,
, ,
,
62.
,
. ,


... ,


,
- .

.

.
, ,
- 63.
1850- .
,
, .
-

- -, N 12-27 1853 . . :
Curti .. Austria and the United States.. // Smith College Studies in History.
1926 -, 29. 7 1854 . .
0' . . 3 0 -6 0 .
X IX : .
, 2002. . 315316.

109
108

I.

.
,
, , ,
, ,
64.
-
. .. ,

65.
,
.
. ,
66.
,
67, . ,


,
,
,
68.
1854 .
.
69. 1855 .

64 . . , 13 1852 . // NARS. . 99. Notes


to Foreign Legations. Russia. R. 82. P. 47.
65 H. .. , 27 1852/8 1853 .
: Baylen J.O. Focus on the Pacific, 1853 // Pacific Northwest
Quarterly. 1955. Vol. 46. 1. P. 22.
66 . H. , 27 1852 . // Ibid. P. 2223.
67 H. . , 29. 10 1853 . // Ibid. P. 2324.
68 . . , 15. 23 1853 . //NARS. . 35.
Diplomatic Instructions o f the Department o f State. Russia. R. 136. Vol. 14.
P. 98-99.
69
,
-,
.
.

,

.

.



' ' 1
. ,


X IX "

^ . ,
, * X IX .

, |
,
1853 1856 .
X IX
. ,
(1829 1837) ^

,

^
. , 1840-

1850- .
,

70 . - , 35. 9/21 1855 . // N A R S . RG 59.
^

Fishbein R ^ ' Echoes from the Barbary Coast // National Interest.

66. Winter 2001/02. P. 47-51

I.

7-. ,

. ,

,
. ,

,
( ,
),
.

.

.

,
. -
,
1855 . ,

. ,
:
[
] ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
, .
-

, , ,
, .
, , ,

. : .. ...:
X IX .
, 1997.

111

,
, ,
,
73.

JI.

.
, , :


,
...
;
, .
,

, , ,
.

,
,
,
,
74.

,

, , ,
, ,

73 - , 5/17 1855, (
) // NARS. R G 59. . 39. Notes from the Russian Legation. R. 3 (Mar. 21,
1850- D e c . 31,1864).
74 . . , 14, , lb
// N A R S. M. 77. Diplomatic Instructions o f the Department o f State. Russia.
R 136. Vol. 14. P. 117-118.

I.

,
75.
-
, ,

76.

13 1856 77.
,
.
,
, ,
.
,
,
,
78.
.
1852 . .


: ,
, 79.
.
75 . - . , 36. 16/28 1855 . // NARS. R G 59.
. 35. DD. Russia. R. 16.
76 Diary o f Thomas H.Seymour. 11/23 1855 .
// Connecticut Historical Society. Thomas Henry Seymour Papers. 1854
1857. Ms. 95246.
77 .: Treaties and Other International Agreements
o f the United States o f America, 1776 1949 / Comp, under the direction
o f Charles I. Bevans. Vol. 8. P. 1254 1257.
78 . . , 19 1857 . // . . 170.
. . 512/3. . 68. . 389. :
: , 19 1857 .
// . . 390391.
79 Our Foreign Ministers // United States Magazine and Democratic
Review. 1852. November-December. Vol. 31. 173. P. 432.

IA A B A 2


, 1854 .,

.
,
- ,
.
, ,

.
, , 185 .
.
,
.

9 1854 .

. , ,
, . .
9 1854 3 1855 .
,
- ,
- ( ,

) .
1854
, 1 1857
,
, 1854

80 Saul N . Distant Friends: the United States and Russia, 1763 -1867.
Lawrence (Kan.), 1991. P. 199.
, Qr4 r // 1341
81 . 9 1854 .//
. . 91. . Jo- .
82 . 1802
19U2.
2002 (. . 1902). .

I.

.

.
,
.
1857
, ..

^
, ,
< > 83.
-
,
- 84- ,
-
(

. .),
,
.

.
,
,
. ,
.
,
.

.
01| X IX

, 1,

-

83 - , 2 1857 . // . . 170
. . 512/3. . 68. J1. 52.
1 1,:; ~
^ ., 1993, DowtyA. The Limits o f American Isolation: The United
States and the Crimean War. N ew York, 1971

IM BA 2

11 5

, - ( ),
X X , ,

.

,

.

.
,
(- )
.
(
. .) <...>
,
,
85.
,
,
,
. (is Russianizing)
.

.

, ,
,
, ? 86
, . . ,

85
(1832 1834),
(1845 1849), , , (1857 1861).
86 . . , . 12 1854 // Papers o f
W illiam L.Marcy.Cont.80.P. 65. Library o f Congress Manuscript Division.
Washington, DC.

116

I.


.
,
-
.
,
, ,
87.



.
.
,
, .

.
,
88.


: ,
, ,

89.
,

.
-

87 . - . , 6. 14 1854 . // N A R S . . 35.
Diplomatic Instructions o f the Department o f State.Russia. R. 136. Vol 14
P. 109.
88 . . , . 19 1854 // Papers
o f William L. Marcy. Cont. 80. P. 118. Library o f Congress Manuscript
Division. Washington, DC.
89 . . , . 14 1854 // Papers o f
William L. Marcy. Cont. 80. P. 127. Library o f Congress Manuscript Division.
Washington, DC.

117

.
, ,
.


, .
,
,
.
. ,


.

,
...
,
, , ,
,

.




,
, ,
...
,
[ ] .
,
,
,

90.
90 . . , . 28
1855 // Papers o f W illiam L. M arcy. Cont. 80. Library o f Congress
Manuscript Division.Washington, DC.

118

I.

,
, ,
.

.

:
,
, 91.

.


.
,
.

.
92.

- .
:


93.

. , -,
, ,
...
( )
,

91 ; . , 43. 2 1855 . // N A R S . R G 59.


. 35. DD. Russia. R. 16.
92 . . , 29 /10 1854 . . :
.. -
., 1993. . 53.
93 . . , 1. 31 1854 . // N A R S. R G 59.
. 35. DD. Russia. R. 16.

119

. ,
, ?94


.

, ,
,

. 22
1854 .
,
( ,
, , , ) 95.
,
, , , ,
,
96.
,
.
:

, , , .

.
, ,
,
, .
,
,

94 Th e Englishwoman in Russia; Impressions o f the Society and


Manners o f the Russians. By a Lady, Ten Years Resident in that Country,
New York, 1855. P. 270-271.
95 C m .: Treaties and Other International Agreements o f the United
States o f America, 1776-1949 / Compl. Ch. 1. Bevans. 12 vols. Washington,
1968-1976.
96 . : ..
- . ., 1993. . 95 111.

121

120

I.

,
.
. , ,
[ ]
. ,

. ,
(p o litic a l p o lic y ) -
.
.
, ,
,
.



97.
, X I X
.

,
.
,
, :
[ ]
.
, , , ,
,
. ,
, .
, ,
98.
97 . . , 20. 1 1855 // N A R S . . 35.
Diplomatic Instructions.Russia. R. 136. Vol. 14. P. 123 124.
98 . . , . 18 1855 // Papers o f
W illiam L.M arcy. Cont. 80 Library o f Congress Manuscript Division.
Washington, DC.

,

,
* H^ ^ eTa
. 1854
. 1
>
.

> 1 , ^

, ^ ^ " ^
, 1 ("
U
'

'-'-'-

, ~

. ^,
. ,

1857 .
1 ,
.
^
1858 P eHC c n ^
TC^
,

^
. .. .
.
16 185 .
^
3 ^ c S

o 2

? ^

). . 3.

122

I.


.


,

101.

,
.

. , 1859
:
,
,
( . .).
, < ...>
, ,
,
< ...>
.

. <...> , ,

102.
,
;
,
. :
1860 .
,
(
).
, ,
.
101
. JI. , 41. 5 1859 . // N A R S . . 35.
DD. Russia. Vol. 18. R. 18.


1832

.
1830- . I
,
,
.
,
" .

, .
,
^
^

. I

. " ^ '
1830
,

- .
^ -
.
.

124

I.



,
, .



.
1830-

. , ,
- .
,

,
-. ,
(
- ), .

1837 .
2

-

.
,
,
.
'.


, ,
- .
:

1
Dallas G .M . Diary o f George Mifflin Dallas, While United States
Ministerto Russia 1837 to 1839, and to England 1856 to 1861 / Ed. by Susan
Dallas. Philadelphia, 1892. P. 79.
.:
1 // . 1896. . . 5 16.

, :
. .

- ;

2.
,
, , ,
,
-
,
3.
,
.

. ,

- . . \
:
10-
, ,
, ,

; E rie Ontario Ohio

2 Dallas G .M . Diary o f George M ifflin Dallas, W hile United States


M inisterto Russia 1837 to 1839, and to England 1856 to 1861 / Ed. by Susan
Dallas.Philadelphia: J.B.Lippincott Co., 1892 P . 11.
3 , 12. 25 1837 . //NARS. RG 59. DD.
Russia. R 13. Vol. 13.

4 , , 1 1838 .,
10- ,
1837 . .:
~
1 1838 // . . . . 469.1838. . 222. . 52.
(? 1881) -
. 1834 1836 . ,


.

126

I.

.


;
;
;
, ,
,
.
.


,
;
; ,
,
;

.
,

; ,

5.


.

, 1858
, 1864 , ,
, 1868

, 1880 -
- (
. . . ., 1905. . 454455).
5
. , 1 1838 . // . .
. . 469. 1838. . 222. . 52-53.

127


2- .
1838 . . :

,
.
,
.
, :

, ,
, , .
,
,

,
, ,

.
a w

, , ,
, ,
,
, .

,
, , -
8. ,
------ . (1802-1879) 1834-1836 .
, -

1838

" -

- *
R M ^ J s h f p b u i l d ^ and Russian Nava 1Pow e,
1837-1846 // Military Affairs. Vol. 21. N 2. 1957. Summer. P. 81.

, ., .: Interest o f Russia in American steam navigation
// N ile s National Register. 1839.29 .

128

I.

.
250 350
9.
, ,
10.

,
,
-
,
" .
,
.

,
,
.
,

13. ,

, , ,
, ,

9 . . . . 512/3 41 10
? 2~ 12 6'; 15~ 1 5 > 9 - 1 9 ., 237-237 , 265-265 .
// ! - , . 15 1839 .
// (. . . . 512/3. . 41. . 265-265 .
' .. .. , 2/12 1839 ./ /
. . . 512/3. . 41. . 393-394
- , 16 1840 . (
512/3 4 2 2521762) "

'

12 , 27 1840 . / /
. . 512/3. . 43. . 78, 79.
13 Bradley J. Guns for the Tsar: American Technology and the Small
Arms Industry in Nineteenth-Century Russia. D e Kalb, 111., 1990. P. 54

129

14.

15.
, .


.
. .
:
,

.
,
, , ,
.
, , -
,
, ,
,
|6.

:
,


, -

,
,
- .

14 . .. , 14 1839 . // . .
. . 512/3. . 41. . 65.
15 .: . .. , 4 1839 . // . .
. . 512/3. . 41. . 248.
16 , 1838 . // . . .
. 469.1838. . 222. . 53 .

I.


,
17.



2- ,
. . (,
. )
. ,
1838 . . .. :
,

, , ,
.
, ,
, ,
,
.

, .


. ,
,
.

.
.
,
- , -
,

,

17
. , 9 1838 // .
. . 469. 1838. . 222. . 56 .

IAABA 5

151

- 16 20 ,
- 18.

,
.
-
. - .
(Lighthall)... .

,


:
, , 234
, 35 23 ,
1400,
$400.000.
, 40
100 .
,
, ,
. , 75
, ,
. 160
...
,
,
,

,
, 19.

18 , 7. 2/14 1838 . // . .
. . 469.1838. . 222. . 7781.
19 . , 10 1838 .
//. . . . 469. 1838. . 222. . 8285.

I.




.
, .

1-
.. , ,
: ,
, . <...>
,
, ,
. - , ,
20.
, ,

,
:
,

,
, ,
:
1.

, , 1400 ,
200 ,
,
,
, 350 400 <...>
3. 1841 <...>
4.

,
,
<...>

20
. .. . 1. 13 1841.
// . . . . 512/3. . 42. . 109 . 110.

5.
,
,
, ,

. <...> 21.
,
. ,
.
1839 . ,
,
- - .
, - 28
British Q ueen -
. . .
10 24.
,
,
25. ,
,
. . (
).

,
, ,
, . .. ( ) ,

21 1- - () // .
. . . 512/3. . 42. . 2123 .
22 . . , 28. 21 /3 1839 .
//. . . . 469. 1839. . 217. . 227.
23 . . , 28. 19/31 1839. //.
. . . 469. 1839. . 217. . 230.
//
24 . , 38. 6/18 1839 .,// .
. . . 469. 1839. . 217. . 272.
25 . , N. 21.
4/16 1839 . // . . . . 512/3.
. 41. . 396-396 .

I.


26. ,
.

.

,
27. .
, , :

,
, ,

. ,
, ,
28.

1.375.000 .
313.000 29.

.
1839 ., 1840 .
,
..

, .
,
, , (

Schuyler G .L. Letter to the Hon. W. Gwin, member o f Congress


from Mississippi, Concerning the Steam Ship Kamschatka N ew York
1843. P. 45.
Schuyler G .L. Letter to the Hon. W. Gwin, member o f Congress
from Mississippi, Concerning the Steam Ship Kamschatka N ew York
1843. P. 3.
28 Ibid. P. 8.
E.
- . , 10 1839 ( );
. .. . 1. 13 1841 . / / '
. . . 512/3. . 42. JI. 14, 109.

), ,
, ,
30.
.

50 .
., 3|.
1840 . I
. 24 1840 .
,
.
,
,
.
, 32.

,
,
, . !
, ,
,

,
; ,
,
,
,
,
... ...
,

30 .: . . . . 512/3. . 42. . 57,


69, 82, 261, 266, 267, 268, 273, 326, 327.
31 . . , 13/25 1840 . // .
. . 512/3. . 42. . 391392.
32 , 2. 15 1841 . // .
. . . 512/3. . 42. . 111 112;
, 29 1841 . // . . . . 512/3.
. 42. . 547.

I.

... ,
.
,
, , , -, ,

. ,
, ,
33.
I
100 . . . .
, , ,
- , ,
, : ,
100 .
34.
55
- 35.
,
450 . .36 (
, 418.919 57 37, ,
33 , 4. 24 1841 . // .
. . . 512/3. . 42. JI. 113 115.
34 , 1/13 1841 . / / . .
. . 512/3. . 42. JI. 529 .
35 .: Saul N.E. Distant Friends: the United States and Russia, 1763
1867. Lawrence (Kan.), 1991. P. 134.
36 3 13 . 50 .
, ,
100 . .
, 450 . .: Saul N.E. Distant
Friends: the United States and Russia, 1763 1867. Lawrence (Kan.), 1991.
P. 133.
,
. ( . . -// . 1996. ( 23). . 2526).
37 Schuyler G .L. Letter to the Hon. W. Gwin, member o f Congress from
Mississippi, Concerning the Steam Ship Kamschatka. New York, 1843. P. 12.

674.193 25 38).
1841 . ,
,
, ,
39.
.


40.
.
. ', ,

- (
) .
-
41.
,
, 29 (10 ) 1841 .
, , ,
. ,
, - ,

. 42. ,
.
...
,
, .

38 [ ..] .. -
// . 1856. . 20. 3. . . 153.
39 .: Binder F.M.American Shipbuilding and Russian Naval Power,

1837-1846 // Military Affairs. Vol. 21. 2. 1957. Summer. P. 82.


40 JI. . , 5 1841 .// PDW.Series 3.Diplomatic
Papers. Hanover, N. H., 1983. Vol. 1. P. 3738.
41 Schuyler G.L. Letter to the Hon. W. Gwin... P. 13.
42 Saul N.E. Distant Friends: the United States and Russia, 17631867.
P. 133-134.

I.

( . .) ,
Mr. Schuyler
, 43.
,
:
30 [ ]
, -, , ,
, ,
Great-W estern .
, , , ,
; , ,
,
. ...,
: , ,
, , ,
-
... , . , .
40 , ,
,
. < >
,
, ,
- <...>
44.
, ,
.
- .
, ,
-
,

. , ,
, , -

43 . , 8 1841 . // . .
. . 512/3. . 42. . 560 .
44 [ ..) .. -
. . 151 152.

1?9


. , ,
, ,
, ,
-45.
,

.
-
.
,
, 1842 , , 600 ,
,
-
: , , .,
,
46.
. .
, -,
47,
:
-
.
, 1- . .
, 48.
,
.
45 Ibid. . 9.
46 [ . .] .. -
. . 156.
47 -
(1848) .
48 . . (1802 1879)
1847 , 1848 1855 . -
, 1855 .

. 1863 . -, 1
1866 . ( . .
. ., 1905. . 516518).

14 1
140

I.

I 5

,
,
,
, , ,
,
,
,

49.

, ,
. <...>
, :

,
,
.
, , ?
50.


.
1850- . ,
,
, ^ - 51. 1840- .
.
- ,

. 1840-

49 . . -// . 1996.
( 23). . 25.
50 . . 30.
51 . III. :
. 1825 1867 / . . .. . ., 1999. . 357.
, (736 776 .),
, .

. ,
.
1841 1846 . . .
- .
... ,
. <...> , ,

.
.
, ,
. , -
,
...
, ,
;
,

,
- 52.
1845

,

.
- .
,
- ,
,
.
, ,

,
,

52

G riffin G .W . M em oir o f Col. Chas. S. Todd. Philadelphia, 1873.

P. 100-101.

142

I.

,
. ,
, ,

, ,

53.
, . .

.
. ,
,
.
, :


;
,
.
, ,
,
,
,

,

54.

- .

53 .. . , 61. 29 /10 1845 .


// NARS. . 35. Diplomatic Despatches.Russia. V o l.14. R.14.
: Griffin G.W. M em oir o f Col. Chas. S. Todd. P. 102 103.
54
. //
1846 . . 1.
. . 76.

IAABA

145

, 1849 -

, , .
.
:

,
... . <...>
...
, ,
,
,

55.

,
. ,
, ,
.
,

.
:
,
440 . . ., ...

... ,
-
, -

55
-

12/24 1849 // . . 163. . On. 1.
. 146. . 12 .- 1 3 .

144

I.

, 56. , ,
:
:

- ...
, . ,
,
, ,
, ...

,
57.

:
58.
-
,
: 1849


59.

5,1 ,
14 1849 // . . 163.
. 1.. 146. . 2424 .
57 .. .. , 24 1850 . // .
. 163. . On. 1. . 146. . 33 . 34.
58 , 17 1850 . // . . 163.
. On. 1. . 146. . 4040 . ,

-
, , ,
. .:
, 5 1850 . // . . 283.
. On. 1. . 7169. . 1.
. III. :
. 1825 1867 / . . .. . ., 1999. . 348.

IA A B A }

14?


- . . 60

61.
,
. .
(M a u r y )62, .
. ,
,
63.

,
(H asw ell)
11-64. ,
.
, ,

- ,
, , ,
. ,
, , 65.

60 (? 1876) 1840- .
, - . . . 1874 . -.
61 . : .. -
. ., 1993. . 90.
62 . (1806 1873)
, -
.
1855 .
.
63 , 8 1853 .
// N A R S . R G . 59. . 39. Notes from the Russian Legation. R. 3 (M ar. 21;
1 8 5 0 - Dec. 31, 1864).
64 A.C. , . 27 1854 .
// . . 163. . On. 1. . 224. . 17.
65 .
18 1853 // . . 163. . On. 1.
. 224. . 10-10 .

146

I.


500 . 66.

,
-
. . . , 1855
1 .. 67 (
- .. )
--.

, , ,
, , ., ,
, , : ,
, , .68.
, 1858
, :

: 1400 66 , 19 1854 . // .
. 163. . On. 1. . 224. . 20. (1809
1907) ,
(Haswell Ch.H. Reminiscences o f N ew
York By an Octogenarian (1816 1860). N ew York, 1896),
,
.
67 (), (1814-1887) -
. 1849 .
. 1854 .
.. ,
- 1854 .,
1856 .

. 1866 .
-, 1871 .
. 1883 . -. ( . .
. ., 1903. . 3637),
68 . : . III. :
. 1825-1867 / . . .. .
1999. . 355-357.

147

, 900 .
-, . .
. .. ,
, -
, .
,
, ,

( )
. <...>
,
,
, ,
.
,
.
,
, ,
.
,
,
.
69.
1858 . .
.
,
-
.
,
.
1852

. -

69
. //
. 1858. 1. . . V I (). . 37 38.

149
?
148

I,

(1820 1888)

,
,
: 1856
,
.
,
. ,
, ,
,
,
, ,
. 1856
,
.
.
, ,
, , ,
,

. <...>
- 70.


: ,
, ,

71.
,
;
.

- . ,
! ,
- .
, , ,
, .
- -
.
:
, ,
, -
. ,


, ,

, ,
^
"
. -

- ,

,
,
, , ,
.

,

< > ,
, -

----- . - - , 3. 8 1854 . // N A R S. RG 59. . 35.


0 0 ' - . , 17/29 1856 . P. 14~ 15 //N^ ? f

70 .. .
.. // . . 26. .. On. 1. . 17. . 74,
67-68.
71 .. , 1856
// . . 170. . . 512/3. . 68. JI. 33 .

RG 59, Records o f the Departme, o f State,


Consuls in St. Petersburg, Russia, 1803-1906. R. 5. . ,
1857.

- Dee !

150

I.

,
74.
1857 ..
( ) -
-.
1 , ,
,
( 325, 55
36 ). ,
,
-

-

,
,
,


.

,


-
,
75. ,
, ,
, 1858
- , ,
.

74 .. .. , 1 1857 . // NARS. RG. 59. Records


o f the Department o f State. M. 81. Despatches from U.S. Consuls in
St. Petersburg, Russia, 1803 1906. R. 5. Dec. 31, 1847 Dec. 30, 1857.
75 .. - ,
. .
., 1859. . 1.. 247.

,
76.
1858 . .
: -
;
. ,
, , ,
. ,

.
,
77.
:

;
, .
,
, ,
, ,
,
,
,
, .
!78
.
.
- , , -

.
// . 1858. 1. . . 1 (
). . 40.

77 -,
- , 9/21 1858 ., ,
< . ..^
// . 1858. . 38. 11. . . . 3 -4 .
78 . //
. 1858. . 2. 6. . . I (
). . 272.

152

I.

. ,
,
, .
'- , -
- , , .
,
, ;
.
,
. : ,
,
, , ,
.
,
79. ,
. .
- ,
, ,
, , 80.
1940 1980- .

. ,
. .
-, X IX .
,
79 .. . .. -, 4
1859 . // [ . .] , 1820 1888.
. . , . // .
1889. . 62. . . 173.
80 .. . .. -, 26
1859 . // [ . .] , 1820 1888.
. . , . // .
1889. . 62. . . 174. ..
-
.
,
, 1882
( . . - . ., 1911. . 233-238).

15?

,

,




81.
,



,


. ,

. ,

,
.

- ,
.

.

, ,
, .
, .

: ,

. ,
,
81
.: .. X IX : - . ., 1973. . 497498.

I.

, ,
,
, ,
,
82. ,
,
, .


,
, -

. -
-
, , ,
, , ,
. , ,
! ,
, , ,
, ! , ,
,
,
. ,
,
: , , ,
83.

82 . ., 10 1851 . // PD W .D iplom atic


Papers. Vol. 2. P. 289290.
83 . 1850. . 3. 5. . . 448449.

,
.
.
1838
,
84.

.
.


.

(
,
)
,
.

.

1839 ,

. , ,

,
. < ...>


, -
85. ,
.

84 31 1838 . // Dallas G .M . Diary of George Mifflin


Dallas, While United States Ministerto Russia 1837 to 1839, and to England
1856 to 1861 / Ed.by Susan Dallas.Philadelphia: J.B.Lippincott Co., 1892.
P. 66.
85 . : [ . .]
. . .
/ . . // . 1940. . 99. . 164.

5
156

I.

157


,

,
(

) 86.
, ,
.


, . . , ,
,
,
, ,
,
87.
, ,

1838 ., ,
12 1840 88.

,

. 1839 .,

, ,
,
,
, ,
:
-

86 . : B.C.
40- X IX . ., 1949. . 198.
87 [ . .]
. .. / .
. // . 1940. . 99. . 164.
88 . ., . . . 1793
1840. ., 1994. . 118.

89.
, 1839 ,
. .
. ,
.
(1804 1880)

.
1835
90 . 1837
15
,

91.
(1 7 9 8 1857)
, (
,
)92.
,

,

:


,

89 . . ,
25 1839 . . 3721. // . . .
. 512/3. . 41. JT. 317 .
90 .. .
. .-: . ,
, 1835.
91 [ . .]
. .. / .
. // . 1940. . 99. . 135.
92 . .

. ., 1903. . 419.

I.

1 59

,
-

, ,
.


-. 1839 ,
,
,
96.


93.

,
, ,
.

. ,
,

,
, .
,
97.

,

,
.
, ,
,
98.


, , ,
. .
:
,
,
< ?>, ,
, ,

,
.
, .

, , , ,

94.
,

.
( - . .)

( . .)
...
95.

, 8 1839 . (
, 4120) / /
. . 512/3. . 43. JI. 7 . 8.
^ > // . .
. . 512/3. . 43. . 5.
95
.. .. , 44. 4/16 1839 . //
. . . 512/3. . 43. . 20 .

96 : Haywood R.M . Russia Enters the Railway Age, 1842 1855.


Boulder; N ew York, 1998. P. 51 n. 67.
97 [ . .]
- .
. 1841 . . IV. . V.

. . 2627. () //

( ).
98 . .: [ . .]

1839 1840 . . (
). . 256. //
( ).

160

I.

,
, ,
99.
27 1840
,
.
,
,
, 200
, <...>
...
<...>
5 100
,
...
50 .


:
( . .) ,
,
. ,
101.
99
[ . .]
- .
. 1841 . . IV V

. . 27. () //

Srr<SraTcTrCr

184 / > ^ ^ , 27
ioi' ( L
. . 469. 1840. . 180. . 209-210 .
[ . .]
- .
. 1841 IV V

. . 257-263. () //


( ).
^

161

1840
- .

, .
I[ - 102.


, . . , 1840

103.
, ,
,

. ,
. <...>
,
...
,
, , ,

104.
,
, , ( )
G ow an and Marx,
|05. ,
102 . . , 43. 30 1841 . 1 1842.
// NARS. RG. 59. Records o f the Department o f State. M. 81. Despatches from
U.S. Consuls in St. Petersburg, Russia, 1803 1906. R. 4. June 19, 1839
Sept. 20, 1847.
103 , 3 4 , 1 1840 . // .
. . . 469.1840. . 180. . 206206 .
104 [ ..] . 1839
1840 . . (). . 239241. //

( ).
105 [ . .]
- .
. 1841 . . IV. . V.

162

I.

,

, ,

,
,


. ,

>
, []

, . ,

. 106. ,
,
,
,
, ,
; ,


,
107.

. 1841

, ,
, ,
,
, , ,

. . 3436. () //

( ).
106 . . 113-114.
107 . . 116.

16?

, .
, ,
.
:
. , ,
...

, , ,
. ,

108.
,

- .
1842
,
. . ,
|09. ,
,
. ,

,
, :

,
, . <...> .
,
,

108
. ,
// . 1841.
. 1, . 4. . 288-319.
109 [ . .]
- (
) // . 1842.
. 2, . 1. . 15-85; . 2. . 95-197; . 3. . 209-265; . 4. . 285-374.
. 3, . 1. . 1-70; . 2. . 85-156.

164

I.

1 65

,
, ,
,
110.

.

,
, ,
, , ,
, , ,
. . ,

,

. <...>
, ,
, ,
- , <...>
,
,
,
,
, , ,
111~112.

. . , . .
. .
-

110
[ . .]
- (
) // .
1842. . 2, . 1.. 37,46-47.
111-112 [ . .]
, .. / .
. // . 1940. . 99. . 164 165.

,
113.
,
. ,
. ,
,
.

,

. ,
, . . , ,

114.
I
. .
.
,
,
, - ,

. , ,
. .
,
.
:

113 ..
2050- . X IX . //
. -. 1964. . 72. . 2.
. 790.
114 .. / /
. . . . . , ,
. ., 2003. . 278279.
115 [ . .]
. .. / .
. // . 1940. . 99. . 166 167.

167

5
166

I.

, ,

, , ,

. .
,
.
,
, .

6.

. , 1838

- .



-
,
. ,
,
: 1 ) () ,
; 2) ( ) ( kindness, ,
. .) ; 3) ( ) - 117.
- , - ,
, . 1842 .
,

, .

,

. . , I
116 . . 167.
117 The Papers o f D u ff Green. R. 2 // Library o f Congress Manuscript
Division.


I I I . . .
1841
- ,
118. (),
,
. .
- , ,

, :
,
. <...
,
... , ,
.
,
, ,
, , .
120.
30 1842
-
.
. .
, ,
,

,
. . :

, ,

^ -

. , 8 1841. // .

193 9
7 - I // . 1936. . 3 (76). . 11.
I
, 15 1841 . //
' , ' ayvroo^d R NT Russia Enters the Railway Age, 1842-1855. P. 29.

168

I.

, ,
, ,
, ,
. <...>
,

,

,
,

.

1842 . -
.

. .
(
, ).

122 .. //
. . . . . , ,
. ., 2003. . 380-381.
123
.. : ,
,

; , , ,
.
,
,
.
. ( ), ,
Excavator,
,
. [ . .]
-
( )
// . 1842. . 3, . 1. . 34.

I ?

169

.
,

. .. 124.
: ,
, ,
. ,
,
, , ,
,
125.
..
,
-
.


1844
. ,
, ,
126.

,
, 1849
: ,
! , ,
?127.
124 Haywood R.M. Russia Enters the Railway Age, 1842 1855. P. 29 30.
125 . : . . . .. ,
, . ., 2003. . 37.
126 Everett . Orations and Speeches on Various Occasions. Boston,
1868. Vol. 2. P. 371.
127 - , 17
1849 . // Whistler on Art: Selected Letters and Writings o f James M cN eill
Whistler / Edited and introduced by N igel Thorp. Washington, D C, 1994.
P. 5. , ,
,
.

170

I.

,
.
,
,
- 128.
1854 .


,
.

1842 |29.

(W inans
, . .
) ,
, ,
.

-
.
1843 ,

200 7000 130.
,
- , , ,

171

.
131.
. :
, ,
,
, , , ,
- , ,
, ,
132.
,
.

- (
) 12
- (18 50
1862 ) .
,
,
,
.
,

,
. . . ,
, :

.

128 .: . . . .. , ,
. ., 2003. . 37; Choules J.O. The Cruise o f
the Steam Yacht North Star; a Narrative o f the Excursion o f Mr. Vanderbilts
Party to England, Russia, Denmark, France, Spain, Italy, Malta, Turkey,
Madeira, etc. Boston, N ew York, 1854. P. 141; Everett E. Orations and
Speeches on Various Occasions. Boston, 1868. Vol. 2. P. 371.
129 . . //
. . . .. , ,
. ., 2003. . 359 360.
130 Levin A.L. Inventive, Imaginative, and Incorrigible: The Winans
Family and the Building o f the First Russian Railroad // Maryland Historical
Magazine. Vol. 84. 1989. Spring. P. 51.

131
1894
( )
(
53
The Iron Worker and King Solomon. With memoir
and an appendix. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, 1869. P. 32 33.
133
. . ,

12 . .
// . . . . . -
, , . . 360, .

175
172

I.

1847


, 1849

, 13 1851
I

|34.
1847




, 1850
. .
..
:
... ,
,
,

,
, ,

,
. ,


|35.
, -

. - .. 1852 .
134 Tarsaidze A. American Pioneers in Russian Railroad Building // Russian
Review. Vol. 9. N 4. 1950 (October). P. 292.
135 Griffin G.W. Memoir o f Col. Chas. S. Todd. Philadelphia, 1873. P. 97.

6. 1856
,
.

,
, ,

, , ,
,
.

.
,
,
, ,
,
.
.
-, ,


. , ,

. -,

, ,
. , -

,
.
,
-,
,
,
, , . ,
, : 136

1855

174

I.

,
,



. ,
,
,
,


,

68 .
,

137.

B.C. ,


.
. .
1940- .,
,
,
.
, -
,

. ,
,
,
137 .. . 1856 // .. .
.. , ,
2003. . 198201.
138 B.C.
40- X IX . ., 1949. . 207208.

I ?

175

,

( ) .. ;
, ( ),
,

, ; ,

.

,
,
,
,
.




, .
. .
. . ,
1839 1840 . ,
, ,

:
, .. ,
,
,
,

,
, .
.
, , ,

.

176

I.


,


139.

. .

.
, -
,
, .
25
,
, ,

,
140.

(
, ,
5 , 141),

. , ,
.

139 [ . .]
1839 1840 .
. (). . 144 145 //
( ).
140 ..
(
) // . 1841. . 3, . 1.
. 5152.
.. (
) //
. 1841. . 3, . 2. . 152.

1_________________________________________

1 77

,
(!) , ,
,

, ,

. 1 . ,
1 , ,
, 3 ,
100 ,
142. , , :


,
,
143;
, ,
, , -
40 ,
,
. ,
,
44.

.
, ,
:
,

,
.
,

. ,
142 . . 246.
143 . . 267-268.
144 . . 279.

1 78
I.

179

1? 7 >
r f ,

3 , -

. .

!!, '

; " ^ <>,

*
(-
, ^^ .
1 0 -1 5 ) ~


, ...
,
, , , ,
, .
, , 00
,
,
,

' 1 0 ' ' >


(

= 6 " ^ 3

"

( 1
| *
// ^

,
... ,
, ,
, ,
|47.

,

. :
<...>
, ,
,
:
, ,
,
,
, .

. ,
, .

,

,
,
;
149.
,
, ,
(
).
(
) .
147 . . 320.
148 . . 320-321.
149 . . 322.


180

I.

181


10 (
)
, , , :
, ,
,

, ,
,
. ... ,
, ,
,
,
150.
,
.
2 1843 .,

151.


. 1846
.


.

. .
: 1842

150 .. //
. . . . . , ,
. . 308.
151 Haywood R.M . The Development o f Steamboats on the Volga River
and Its Tributaries, 1817 1856 // Research in Econom ic History:
A Research Annual. 1981. Vol. 6. P. 146 148.
152 .: .. . , 22 /3 1846 .
//NARS.M .35.Diplom atic Despatches.Russia.Vol. 14.R. 14.

. ,
,
17 1841 .,
, ,
, 1 . ,
, ,
,
.
. .
,
. ,
,

154.
. ,
-
, -
,
,
,

155.

, ,


,
,
,
, -

.
// . 1858. 1. . . II. . . 154 .. //
. . . .. - , ,
. . 313.
155 . . 314315.

182

I.

6.
22 1843 .
,
,
, ,

,
157.
,
,
.
1839 . .
. . , ,

158.

:
,
, ,
,

, ,
...
, ,
(ca rtrid g e ),
...
,

,
, ...
[
], , -

156 Maxwell J.S. The Czar, His Court and People, Including a tour in
Norway and Sweden. N ew York, 1850. P. 128.
157 Russia // N iles National Register. 1843. 22 anp.
158 . .. , 14 1839. // . .
. . 512/3. . 41. JI. 65.

18?

159.
,
, .

-
1841 1846 . .
,
, ,
.
, ,
. ,
I

|.

,
,
, .
,
1842 ,

, ,

, ,
, 161.

, ,
, 162.

. . . 1830- .
, ,

^ .. , 4 1839 . // . .
. . 512/3. . 41. . 248.
160 Griffin G.W . Memoir o f Col. Chas. S. Todd. P. 82, 79.
161 .. K.B. , 9/21 1842. / / .
. 133. . . 469.1842. . 53. . 4
162 Griffin G.W . Memoir o f Col. Chas. S. Todd. P. 83.

184

I.

1 85

,
.

163.
,
,
.

, .

.
,
, ,
,
,
164.

,

: ...
.. , ,
. < ...>
, .
. . , , .
. ,

, .

165.
1850-
-

163 1839 . (.: Oeste


G.I.John Randolph Clay: Am ericas First Career Diplomat.Philadelphia:
University o f Pennsylvania Press, 1966. P. 262.).
164 C m .: Griffin G.W . Mem oir o f Col. Chas. S. Todd. P. 97.
165 .. , 13/25 1843 .
( ) // . . 38. .
. 5. . 430. . 2 - 2 .

I J

166.
. 1840-
, . .
, ^
,

- . ,
^

. , ,
1847 .
, 1830 .,
,
^
168
,
( ,
,
).

. 1846
,
. . ^
.

. .
// . -,
. 1853. . 12, . 12. . . . 65.
167 Ditson G .L . Circassia; or, A Tour to the Caucasus. N ew York, 1850.
P
. P. - . , 19 (1 ) 1847 .;
- . , 16/28 1847 .; . // Steers D.,comp^
Silas Enoch Burrows 1794-1870: His Life and Letters. A Compilation o f
Material Gathered from Many Sources, Concerning a Rather Unusual Man.
Chester Conn 1971. P. 66-73. . Cav.KT-nerepGypre 1. .. . . .

186

I.

.
. ,

.
,
169.

.
.

.
1855
. ,
.
, .
,
. .
,
. , ,

- ,
,
- 7 /23 1855 6. - , .

, 170.
400
171.

169 .: . . , 10 1848 .,
: Mineral Wealth o f Russia // National Intelligencer. 1848. 29 .
I7U - . . .. , 6
1855 . // . . 503. . . 5. 148
. 2 -3 .
171
. .. , 18 1855 . // .
. 503. . . 5. . 148. . 99 .

IA AB A 5

187

,
,
, 1854, 1856 1858 .

, .

, ,
. ,
.
:
, .
;
172.
,

, 1855
173.
, 10-
(1854)
- 5 .
174. 1855 .

172 W h ite A D . Autobiography o f Andrew Dickson White, with Portraits.


New York, 1922 [c. 1904]. Vol. 1. P. 454. .
. ( . ): .
[., . ..
] // : - . 1906.
. 103. 1..280.
173 Dow R.A., Wilson R.L. The Czar s Colts // Nineteenth Century.
1980. Vol. 6. 4. P. 35. ,
,
. ,

. .: Ibid.
174
, 16 1855 . (
, 2630) // . . 170.
. . 512/3. . 59. . 2. .
. . 46.

189
I.

1 5

188

, ,
,
- (
145 , 24 )
.

50 . -


. ,
:
-
, -

176, .
,
,

. ,
,

,
, ,

,
, ,
178.
,
, , :

* 175 Bradley J. Guns for the Tsar: American Technology and the Small
Arms Industry in Nineteenth-Century Russia. De Kalb, 111., 1990. P.
.
76 ..,
, 21 1857 . // . . 170. .
. 512/3. . 67. . 10-10 .
.
177 , 184, 26 1857 . // .
. 170. . . 512/3. . 68. JI.196 196 .
178 . . , 9 1857 . // . . 170.
. . 512/3. . 67. . 18.

11: 1^

^ ^ ^ ^ ^ " ^ - ^ 1 -

, ,

. 179.

, ^
^ 0 .

/ -

"




.
: *


,
0
< (, ;

.
, [ 1.

,

. ^

S T k a ^ Z ^ o M u M o c m u

-
0 512/3. . 68. . 263 . // . - 170. . un.
/
262 (sic).
fnr the Tsar- American Technology and the Small
180 Bradley J. Guns for the isar.
Kalb 111 1990. P. 58.
-

Profession. College Station, 2000.

and the American Military

190

I.


182.

, -
. ,
,

(projectiles) .
183. ,
. ,

. , 1858

,
,
.
: ,
,
, ,
,
,
-, 184.

.
,
,
, ,
,
.
, : ! , !
! ,

1 J

191

,
, ,
. , ^
, ,
,

.
; ,
,
.
, , ,
, , ,
.
,
, , , 186, ,
, ,
, .
,
!
,
.

. . .

.

^
1839 188, ^
. ---- ^ W h i t e A.D. Autobiography o f Andrew Dickson White, with Portraits.
Ne^ C M . : D o w R.a ! 'W ifcon R.L. T h e ^ r s C o lts //Nineteenth Century.

182 . - . , 41. 26 1855 . // N A R S . R G 59.


. 35. DD. Russia. R. 16.
183 . . , 16 1855 . // Library o f Congress
Manuscript Division.William Learned Marcy Papers.Cont. 63. 46896.
184 .. (), 2/14
1858 . 242 // . 503. . . 5. . 427.
. 99 .

1980^ C M 'N Hanp.34W hittaker C .H . Th e Origins o f M cd em lUiss.an


Education: An Intellectual Biography o f Count Sergey Uvarov, 1786 1855.
DS S

'' - Nfo 1273.


i
// .
. 38. ^

,
4
1839 i . //

. . 5. . 310. . 3 3 .

192

I.

19?

IAABA 5

, ,
,
,
,
189.
,
,
|9.
,
.
-


. ,
. , ,
,
, .
,
,
. ,
, , ,

189 . 4 1840 .
2763 // . JI. 7 .
,

- ,
. .: .
... , 16 1839 . // Prime S.I. The Life o f Samuel
F.B. Morse, LL.D ., Inventor o f the Electro-Magnetic Recording Telegraph.
New York, 1875. P. 394 395. ,
, ,
,
. .: . ... ,
24 1839. //Ibid. . 398-400.
190 .
1845 .
.: . () [ ], 8 1845 . // Prime S.I.
The Life o f Samuel F.B. Morse, L L .D ., Inventor o f the Electro-Magnetic
Recording Telegraph. N ew York, 1875. P. 511512.

. -
%

, .

.
,
.
, -
. 1856
^ : " _

,
,
191

, ,

,
. ,834

.
1841 , -
.
^ .
1850- . (
)
- .
, .

-,
^
, (
) , , .
.
---- ^ ^ - .. , 17/29 1856 . . 15 // NARS.
RO S w o r d s o f,h e D ep a rtm en t! State. M

Consuls in St. Petersburg, Russia, 1803-1906. . . uec.


1857.

195

i
19 4

I.

_______ __________-------------------------------- = = = = = = = = = = = = = = -- -------- -

4 ,
1865 (
I I ). -
, .
- , ,
,

. ,
,
,
.

.
1840-
:
,
,
.
.
,
, .
,
, , , . ,
,
,
.
, 192.


.
, , ()
, ,
, .

, ,


^
,
,
^ .
, .

, * ^
,

Y I .
1 "
, ,
1850-
"

, ,,
: << ^
.

iz

193

: : ;

^
X I X
11 . ^
9
_
(

Z r j i j b , ! Travels in G reece and Russia, with an to Crete,


. . . 7-,

192 Maxwell J.S. The Czar, His Court and People, Including a Tour in
Norway and Sweden. N ew York, 1850. P. 127 128.

.: . , 1869. . 288.

196

I.

X IX
,
.
1850- .
- .
1857
.
, , ,
,
( ,
)|95.
,

, ...
,
,
,
, ,
196.
. .
, , , ..
2 1857 [?]:
! ... ,
, ,
- , ,
197.


, , ,
,
.

195 . .
. .: .. -
, 1834 1867. ., 1990. . 143 166.
196 Neermg R. Continental Dash: The Russian-American Telegraph
Vancouver, Winnipeg, 1989. P. 19.
ru
- .. , 2 1857 [?] . //
. 1191. On. 1.. 21. . 44.

197

. . , ,
.
;
. .
1850- . .
.. ,
<...>
,

198. -
,


: , ,
- ,

. , ,
, ,
, , ,
T im e is m onney (s ic ), ,
199.

. 1857

,
:
... ...

. ,
, ,
, ;

. , ,
.

198 .. . ., 1990. . 161.


199 .. . 1862 1865 //
. 1910. . 3. . 11. . 386.

198

I.

,

.
,
, , ,
20.
-

201.
,
,

- . ,
,
... 202.
,
,
, ,
203.
,

,
,
,

200 . . , 21 /2 1857 . // .
. 170. . . 512/3. . 68. JI. 187 187 .
201 .: . (- )
. , , 8 1857 .
// , . 170. . . 512/3. . 70. J1. 138. .
: - , 32. 1/13 1857 . // , J1. 137;
- , 8 1857 . // . . 153 153 .
202 , 24 1858 . // NARS.
RG 59. Records o f Department o f State. M. 39. Notes from the Russian
Legation. R. 3 (Mar. 21, 1850 Dec. 31, 1864).
203 .. .
-A. // , . 26. . On. 1. . 17. . 69.

199

,
, 204.

.

,
205.
,
,
,

, [
] -.
,
,
, ,
206.
1840 1860- .
207.

204 [ ., -] Niagara - ( 1- ..
)// . 1857. . 32. 11. . . . 148.
205 . .
X V I I I X IX .,
,
. .: . .
- X V I I I X IX
// . . . 1974. 5. . 1725;
: Bolkhovitinov N . Russian-American Cultural
Relations: An O verview // Russian-American D ialogue on Cultural
Relations, 1776 1914. Columbus; London, 1997. P. 122.
26 . . . . , 6 1838 .
// [Calhoun J.C.] Th e Papers o f John . Calhoun / Ed. by Robert
L. Meriwether et al. Columbia, 1959 . Vol. 14. P. 234235.
207
1864 , , .
. .:
Reingold N . G ood Place to Study Astronomy // Library o f Congress
Quarterly Journal. 1963. Vol. 20. 4. P. 211217.

2 00

I.

, -
208.


. ,
,
: 1.,
; 2., ; 3.,
-
,
( 1855 .) . . :

,
,
209.
,
.


.
.
.

,
.
( . .
),
.
,
,
.
( ,

208 S cein tific D iscoveries and Proceedings o f Learned Societies


// International Magazine o f Literature, Art, and Science. 1851. Vol. 4. 4.
P 571.
209 - . . 2
. . 1 1853. . 5.
. JI. 47 . 48.

IA A B A 5

201

, , . .
,
;
)
:
,
,

.


;



. ,

(span) ,
210. ,
.
X IX

,
. . . 1864 ,
-, .
,
,
,
. ,
2.
-
1867 .
, .
,
, 210 Neering R. Continental Dash: The Russian-American Telegraph.
Vancouver, Winnipeg, 1989. P. xi.
211 Ibid. P. 209-210.

202

I.




.
- .


, .


.
-

, 1850- ,
,
. ,

,
.
. . .
:
,
,
, .

.

.
,
.
,
, .
,
1854 ,
,
, , , ,
.

..

..

X.

..

..

II.

205


, ,
.
,
, ,
,
,

.


. ,
, , ,
.
,

. , -
, .
, ,
,
,
. ,
,
,
.
,
? , ?
?
?

?


, X IX

.

207



1830 1860 .:
1830
1831
1832
1833
1835
1836
1837
1838
1839
1840
1841
1842
1843
1844
1845
1846
1847
1848
1849
1850
1851
1852
1853
1854
1855,
1856
1857
1858
1859
1860

28 (33)

11

24
12

59
29

25

21

18
15

24

19
33
30
42
20
24
42
64
54

68
55
14
33
36
3
40
14
5

17
13
15
27
84
37
44
63

1,
.
. -, 1839 .
30, , 1842 1843 .
,
1844 1848 . 1849 .

, 1854 .
.
: 1856 .
121, .

X I X
- .
,
;

.
, ,

.

1 8 5 0 ~ :

68
44
45
80
42
64
52
31
63

121
135
144
150

47
48
138
62
116
189

320

151


-
.

.
1840-
( 1809
1814, 1825 1829),
( 1831 1832, 1857 1861)
1
: Kirchner W. Studies in
Russian-American Commerce, 1820 1860. Leiden, 1975. P. 183.
, 1830 1855 .
1 056 , 774.

208

II.

. ( 1837 1839, -
1845 1849).
),|'
1840-
,
,
,
. ,
,

. 1850-
: -
, - , ,
, . ,
,
- 2.
1830-
,
,
. ,


.
1830- - ,
,
,
, 3.
(1791 1868)

. , ,

.
,
.

2 G olovin 1. Stars and Stripes, or American Impressions. London;


New York, 1856. P. 223.
3 . no: Belohlavek J.M. Let the Eagle Soar: The Foreign Policy o f
Andrew Jackson. Lincoln, 1985. P. 30.

209


,
. ,
, ,
4.
,

. ,
,
,
.
,
.
,
:

. ,
.

,
;
.
,
, ,
.
, ,
, .

.
, ,
, .
, ,
4
., .: .. -
: 1815 1832. ., 1975; Baylen J.O. James Buchanan s Calm o f
Despotism // Pennsylvania Magazine o f History and Biography. 1953. Vol. 77.
3 (July). P. 294 310; Binder F.M. James Buchanan and the American
Empire. Selinsgrove, Pa., 1994.

2 10

j ^ ^ b JL _ _ P o c cjig_H_AiviEpMKft -

. <...>
...

5.
:
.
,
.
.
,
,
.
; , ,
,
.
,

, 6. ,
,
1.
, ,
,
5

- . 1 13 1832 . //WJB. Vol. 2. . 239.

ifi fc ? ,T T -
1814,
, 1817
,
. 1833
. - ,
, , ,
. , 1830- .
1839 . -. .:
, 30. 23 /5 1839 // N A R S . R G 59. Records
o f the Department o f State. M 81. Despatches from U.S. Consuls in
St. Petersburg, Russia, 1803 1906. R. 4. June 19, 1839 Sept. 20, 1847
7 , 19 1833 . //WJB. Vol. 2. P. 333334.

, ,
, 8.

,
:
,
9.


. ,
, :
,
, ,
,
. ,
, ,


. ,
, ,
-
;
.
,
,
,
[ ],
10.

(, ,
, ):
,
,
. ,
8 , 19 1833 . // WJB. Vol. 2. . 334.
9 , 31 1832 . // Ibid. . 265.
10 . , 21. 31 ( ..) 1833 . // Ibid.
. 373-375.

212

II.

, ,
; ,
, ,
,
. , ,
- , ;
, , ,
. ,
,
.
,
. ,

, ,
. ,
,
.
,

- . ,
,
...
, ,
-
,
11.
.
, ,
, ,

11
JT. , 21. 31 (. .) 1833 . // Ibid.
. 376. , ,
,
(. . ),
, , ,
-. . . , 2. 25 1847 .// N A R S .M . 35. Diplomatic Instructions
o f the Department o f State. Russia. R. 136. Vol. 14.

- .

-
.
-
,

^ ^


- ,
, .
,
, . 12.
, ,
.
. ^
, ,
, -
, ;
, .
,
,

.

. >
9 .

... ,

------^ - . , 22 1832 . // WJB. Vol. 2 . 199.


^
, ^
, ,

.
. // |; Vnl 9 999_230
- , 9 1832 . // Ibid. Vol. 2. .

214

II.

, , ,
,
14.


.
:
,
; , ,

. ,
;
, 15.
,
, ,
.
,
, .
,
, ,
. -
.
,
:
...
,

, ,
, -
. ,
,
.
16.

:

14 , 1 13 1832 . // Ibid. . 239.


15 . , 13 1832 . // Ibid. . 242.
16 , 9 1832 . // Ibid. . 229.

215

,

,
,
, ,

. ,
,
17.

. .
, .
. ,
( ,
).
,
, ,
.
_ ; ;
, ,
; ,
, , ,
. , ,
; ,

, ;
( ).
,
.

.

,
,
?

----- iT y . - . , 8. 15 1835 . // N A R S .
RG. 59. . 35.Diplomatic Despatches.Russia. R. 13. Vol. 13.

217
216

II.


, ,
200,000
250,000 . ... 750,000
, 450,000, 70,000
400,18.



I
, . ,
,

,
. ,

. 1830-

.
, ,
. X IX
,
.
.
.
.
- ,
, , ;
...
,
, .
,
,
; ,

,
19.
- ,
,
:
, .

,
(John
Bunvan) (Isaac W a tts )21.

: . (
.
^

, - , ,
!22
,
,
1.
, ,
.
,
,
.
. , ^ ^ ;
( ,
),
.
------^~.~ - . , 15-27 1832 . // WJB. Vol. 2.
' 21?' - . , 1 -1 3
2. - . , 13 1832 . // Ibid. . 242 243.
-

& X IX ,
, . C jT 22 Stephens J.L. Incidents o f

18 17 1839 . // Dallas G .M . Diary o f George Mifflin


Dallas. P. 184-186.

London, 1839. Vol. 2. P . 136.

T rav el

in

th e

Russian and Turkish

E m p ire s .

2 18

] II.

I :
, .
.
, ,
. , , ,
23.

, - ,
.
, , , ,
.
24.
,
,
,
25.

. ,
:
,
,
.
. , ,
,

26.
,
,
, 27.

23 . 198.

219


:
; , ,
,
, , .
,
. ,
,
- 28.

:
.
,
, , ,
,
,
.

29.

30, . .
.

,

. ,
, ,
, , I ,
,
,
. -

, 2. 12 (..) 1832 . // Ibid.

24 . . 22 1832 . // Ibid. . 199.


25 () . 26 18337/ Papers
o f James Buchanan. Microfilm. Roll 46.
26 26 1837 . // Dallas G .M . Diary o f George Mifflin
Dallas... P. 4243.
27 Jl. , 2 1 .3 1 ( .,) 1833 . // WJB.
Vol. 2. P. 374.

28 - , 29 ( . ) 1833 .// Ibid


339.
29 . - . , 8.15 1835 . // NARS. RG 59.
. 35.Diplomatic Despatches.Russia.R. 13-Vol. 13.
30 , 26 1848 . // Steers
D
comp S t o Enoch Burrows, 1794-1870: His L ife and Letters^
A Compilation o f Material, Gathered from Many Sources, Concerning
Rather Unusual Man. Chester, Conn., 1971. P. 78.

2 2 0

II.

, , ,
31.

: ,

, ,
. ... , 32.

-
,
.
. . .
,
. ,
, ,
.
,
.

. ,
, ,
. , ,
,
, ,

33.
1830-
, , ,

31 .. . . , 2 . 14/26 1840 .
// . . . . 469. 1840. . 180. . 61 . 14

. .: . . , 2. 13 1854 . //NARS. RG 59
. 35. DD. Russia. R. 16.

221
4

1 8 4 0 ~ :


1840-

. ,
,
,
' ,
1840- .
,
.
,
,
,
.
-.

,
1840-1841 - . ,
(18 41 -184 6) ,
.
,

. , -
,
, .
,

32 , 15. 22 (..) 1833 // WJB


Vol. 2. . 320.

.
" (1786-1862) . ,

33 18 1837 . //.Dallas G .M . Diary o f George Mifflin


Dallas. P. 2930.

222

_1^

- .
,
1813
.

, , ,
1815 1816 .,
.
,
, ,
.
1820-
1821
-.
, (
)
.
1838 34,

- 35.
,
,
. ,
,
.
.
1842 (U S Magazine and Democratic Review)
, 36
,

34
Political Portraits. N. XIV. Churchill Caldom Cambreleng // United States
Magazine and Democratic Review. 1839. Vol. 6. 2 (August). P 144-158
r

r l PK0i),tlCal ^xrtrait's with Pen and Pencil. No. X X X III. Churchill

Review ^1842.
S ? ' Vol.
v
11 UmtedP.States
Review.
11. 51 (September).
287. MaSazinc aild Democratic

..

P'
N t es on Russia, by a Recent Visiter // United States
Magazine and Democratic Review. 1842. Vol. 11. 50 (August). P. 151-160.

225

,
, .

37. ,

,
(Manifest Destiny).
.
,
-
38.
-

( 1840 1841 .
1841 )
39. ,
,
,
, 1840- .
,
,
,
:
-
,
,
,
, ,
, - . -

37 The R ^ sia n s Are Distinguished For Genius, Enterprise, And


Courage // The American Image o f Russia, 1775 1917 / Ed. by Eugene
Anschel. N ew York: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co, 1974. P. 9799.
38 C m .: Political Portraits with Pen and Pencil. N o . X X X III. Churchill
C. Cambreleng o f N ew York // United States Magazine and Democratic
Review. 1842. Vol. 11. 51 (September). P. 287 n.
39 Saul N.E. Distant Friends: The United States and Russia, 1763
1867. Lawrence: University Press o f Kansas, 1991. P. 143, 156.
- 10 .

224

-IjA p T b

II-

,

;
,
;


,
, .

(
. ):
,
, ,
,
,
. ,
, , ,
,
, , ,
,
.
, Taib .

.

, ,
.
40.

I,

:

N4 40 ' ^
NoteS on Russia> by a Recent Visiter // United States
Magazine and Democratic Review. 1842. Vol. 11. 50 (August). P. 153-154

____________________ _______________________ 225_

- ,

, , ,

. ,
,

. ,
,
-...
,
, ,
...
, .
, ,
,
.

,
, ,
41.
, I,
:
.
.
, ,
.
, , ,
.
, 1649
,
4000 ,
. ,
, ,

41 Ibid. . 154-1 5 5 .

226

.^jACTb II.

, ,
, ,

42.
,
,
500 , - ,
, ,
. ,
.
,
, , -
,
43.

,
,
, 44.
,
,

,
,

:
,

, ,

45.

.
.
- , ;
42 Ibid. . 156-157.
43 Ibid. . 156.
44 Ibid. . 158.
45 Ibid.

227

, ,
, 2,300 .
.
(
, , .
). , ,
:
.
1812 , ,

... - .
- ...
, ;
,
,
,

46.

,
X V II 47.

1830 .,
.
X V II , ,
, 1830
,
.
, ,
,
, . ( 1841 1846 .),
1830 1861 .,

46 Ibid. . 159-160.
47 Ibid. . 160.

229
2 28

II.


48.
(1791 1871) , ,
. ,

,
.
,
,
.

. 1809 .
.
1812 ,

,
.
, 1820

,
,
.

49.
,
: '
'
.1i ( . >-.
1824
.
, ,
.
1840 -

. .. -

48 Saul N.E. Distant Friends: The United States and Russia, 1763
1867. P. 143, 168.
49 , -
( . .)
, .
.. . ., 1991. . 219.


.
,
50
51.

, , ,
.
,
.

52.
, ,.
- ,
. , ,
(. ,
. .) ,
,
53.
1841 .

,

,
1841 ,
, :
( - . .)
, ,

50 Todd . S., Drake . Sketches o f the Civil and Military Services o f


William Henry Harrison. [1840] Rev. ed. Cincinnati,1847
51 Griffin G.W. Memoir of Col. Chas. S. Todd. Philadelphia, 1873. P. 45.
C m Memoirs o f John Quincy Adams. Comprising Portions ot His
Diary from 1795 to 1848 / Ed. by Charles Francis Adams 12 vols. Freeport
(N. Y.) 1969. Vol. 10. P. 444; Griffin G.W Memoir of Col. Chas. S. Todd. P. 7S.
53 . . , 41. 19/31 1841 .//.
133. . . 469.1841. . 195. . 247 .
54 - .. , 1, . 1
1841. // PDW.Diplomatic Papers.Vol. 1. 1841 1843.Hanover, N .H .,
1983. P. 238.

250

II.

,
,
55.
,

:
,
, , ,
,
, ,
,
,
.
,
, ; , ,
; , ,
, ,
,
,
. ,
;
,
.

56.
,

:
.
,
, , ,
57. 55 . . , 200, 7/19 1841.
//. . 133. . . 469. 1841. . 114. JI. 226.
56 .. . , 6. 10/22 1841 . // NARS. . 35.
Diplomatic Despatches.Russia.Vol. 14.R. 14.
57 Griffin G.W. Memoir o f Col. Chas. S. Todd. P. 93.

1 4

251

,
, 58.

, ,
.
,
1 .
(tolerably w ell),
- ,
, , ,
,
(he would be bold enough to speak)
- 59.


,

61.

59 , 5.17/29 1841 . // NARS. . 35.


Diplomatic Despatches.Russia.Vol. 14.R. 14,
,
, .
.. 1888
. 0" 1 ( ,
, ^ ,
). . ,
, - ( e n o S speak E n ^sh ). _
// . 1888. . 33 7 . . 124 12
60 .: Saul N.E. Distant Friends: The United States and Russia, 17
186761 C m .. (1850 1853)
//Americana, . 2: . . ^
: . ,
. 4366.

252



.
, , ,
.,
1846 , .

. ,
, - 62,
.
,
, , , , ,
, , ,
, - , , , ,

.
(
,
), .
,
,
, ,
...
.
,
,
, ,
,
63. ,
.
(
)

, , ,
: ,
,
62 Griffin G.W. Memoir o f Col. Chas. S. Todd P 90
63 Ibid. P. 90.

, ,
, ,
, ;
, ; ,
; ,
,

,
64. ,
I
, .

I.

,
, .
( - , ,
, ),
, ,
, ,
.
,
65.
,
,
,
, , , ,
66.
,

:
,
- ...
, ,
, ( . .)

64 Ibid. . 93.
65 Ibid. . 94.
66 Ibid. . 96.

-------------------------- -

,
,
, .
:
, , ,
, ,
, .
,

.

- ,
, ;
,
, 67.
,
- ,
,
,
;
, ,

.
:
, , ,
. ., , . .68.
,
, ,
,
,
.

,
,

67 Ibid. . 9699.
68 Ibid. . 96-100.

255

,

,
, ,

,
. ,


69.
,
.
;

, ;
.
, .
,
;
,
;
70.
,
,
,
;

,

71.
,
.
< >
. , 1841
69 Ibid. . 97.
70 Ibid. . 98.
71 Ibid. . 99.

257
256

II.

, ;

;
- ,
.
,
,

; ,
, .

,
, ,
-- 72.

,
1845 , ,


73.
:

... ,
,
. ,

,
.
,
... ,
, ,

... ,
72 Ibid. . 100-101.
73 Ibid. . 102. . : .. . , 61. 29
/10 1845 . // NARS. . 35. Diplomatic Despatches. Russia.
Vol. 14. R. 14.

,
,


,
,
^ ,
. ,
,
, , ,
...
, ,
, ,
;
, , ^ ^
, ; *.
, ,
- .
; 6 ^... ,
, ,
74.

,

^ ^ ^

, ,
,

TV
,
,
. ^^

74 Ibid. . 105 106.

2 58

II.

. I

...
,
.
,
75.

:
,
.
, , ,
, ,

. , :
:
,
.
, ,
,

,
.
; ,
.
;
,
.
,
; ,
,

,
, , ,

,

75 Ibid.

. 1 0 6 -1 0 8 .

I 4

259

.
.
,
, ,

, .
. !
, ...
,
,
, ,
76.

,

, :
, ,
, ( I - . .)
, .

77.
,
: , ,
,
,
78.

.

(
). ,

76 Ibid. . 108-109.
78 . , 26 1848 . // Steers
D comp. Silas Enoch Burrows, 1794 1870: His Life and Letters.
A Compilation o f Material, Gathered from Many Sources, Concerning a
Rather Unusual Man. Chester, Conn., 1971. P. 77.

241
240

II.


, ,
.

.

.
:
( . .).
.
, ,
. : -
; - -;
. :

.
!79
.
. . ,

, ,
. ,
,
,
-,
.
,
I,
, .
,
.
, ,
,
.
- 1841 42 .
,

79 Griffin G:w. Memoir o f Col. Chas. S. Todd. P. 112.

. ,^^
^
1841 1842 , 1845

,
. ,

- . 1842 . ,

, , . ^
, -
, ,
.

- ^
,
.
, , 1845 ., (N o r th Am erican R e v i e w ) -

,
^ ^ ^


, 1839
"
1843 .: ,
, .
, , - .

^ .. (1814-1877) .
W

(1861-1867) (1869-1870).
. //
81 , 10 1842 //
Correspondence o f John Lothrop Motley / Ed. by George W. Curtis.
York and London, 1900. Vol. 1. P - 123 12 .
nrtnher Vol 61
1 the Great // North American Review. 1845. October. Vol.
.
129. P. 269319.

2 42

, ,
83.

:
,
, ...
. ,
,
.
....
,
;
,
, .
,
, ,
84.

:
, , .
,
, ;

; ,
, , ;

, ,
,
, ,
,
, ,

, ,

. , , 83 Ibid. . 284-285.
84 Ibid. . 315-316.

2 45

, -
, ,
,
; ,
...
.
.
85.

... ,
- ,
; ,
,
. ,
, ,
86.
-
. ,
.
I
,
-.
?
, I.
,
.

.
(1842 1846), ,
.
, 1848 .87,
. .

: , ,

85~Ibid . 318.
86 Ibid. . 319.
87 Maxwell J.S. The Czar, His Court and People; including a Tour in
Norway and Sweden. 3rd.ed. New York, 1850 [1st ed. 1848].

244

II.

,
, .
, .


.
,
,
88.
, ,
.
,
,
.

,
.
:
,
89.

.
: , ,
,
.

,
, ,
90.

, , , ,
...
. .
, , , ,
Ibid. P. V (2 ndpag). 1850
V VI .
89 Ibid. . 128.
90 Ibid. . 167.

2 45

, ,
91.

:
,
,
....
, ,
.
,
; ,

,
92.
, ,
;
, , ,
, .
<...> ,
, , ,
.
; ,
...
,
, ,

,
,
, 19- ,
... ,
,
, ,
,
,
, , -

91 Ibid. . 252.
92 Ibid. . 228.

2 46

II.

,
93.

. ,
:

,

. , ;
,
. ,
, ;

.
, .
; ,
. ,
94.
,
, .
1848 ,
. ,
,
,
.
. ,
,
;
,
.
95.
(Am erican W hig R eview )
, ,
, 93 Ibid. . 229-231.
94 Ibid. . 246, 256.
95 Ibid. . 223.

I 4

247

- ,
.
, ,

, , ,
,
96.


: ,
- .
;
,
, ,
,
, ,
. -
97.
. . ,
.
. . , ,
98.

.
,

,
.

. ,
,

96 Russia // American Whig Review. 1848. Vol. 7. 5 (May). P. 502.


97 United States Democratic Review. 1848. Vol. 23. 122. (August). P. 192.
,
. .
98 .: . . . . , 26 1849 . //Whistler

on Art: Selected Letters and Writings o f James M cN eill Whistler.


Washington, DC, 1994. P. 1.

248

II.

.

. ,
,
,
.

-
.
1840- ,

, ,
,
.
,
.
1830 1850-

.
-
1840- . , ,

.
1850-
.

,
.
, , -
. , ,
1840-
,
.

249

1 8 5 0 -:

,
. .
, -,
1850
.
, .

. ,
1843 , :
,
,
.
. .
,
. , .
^
, .

. , ( 1848-1849
, , , &
)
,

99 .. . , 29, 23 /4 1843 . // PDW.

Diplomatic Papers. Vol. 1. . 239


100 . - . , 12. -, 6 1851 .
// N A R S . 35. Diplomatic Despatches. Russia. V. 14. R.14; ^H.
, 25. -, 31 1852 . // Ibid.
101 , ,
,
, -. , ..
, . <<;
[ ] (
- ,, 26 [1849
// Whistler on Art: Selected Letters and Writings ot James M cN eill Whistler
/ Edited and introduced by N igel Thorp. Washington, DC: Smithsonian
Institution Press, 1994. P. 2.

250

II.

(
102),

.

,
.
, ,

. ,
,
,
.
, ,
,
,
,
.
(1810 1886), ,
,
. ,
.

103.
(1850 1853 .) - ,
.
(1850 .)
. ,
1853 .


.

102 SaulN.E. Distant Friends: The United States and Russia, 1763
1867. P. 143, 168.
103 . , 5. 22 /3 1850 .
// . .133. . . 469. 1850. . 138. . 77 .

251

,
,
,
, ,
... , , ,
104. , ,

,
, 105.

. .
,
106.

. ,

107.
1840-

,
.
1850-
: ( . .)
. , .
,
104 . - ., 12. -, 6 1851 .
// N A R S . . 35. Diplomatic Despatches.Russia. Vol. 14. R.14.
105 Griffin G.W . Mem oir o f Col. Chas. S. Todd. P. 104.
106 ,
, ,
:
, ,
,
,
-. Wright .. Letters from St. Petersburg, 1850 1851
// Proceedings o f the N ew Jersey Historical Society. 1964 (April). Vol. 82.
2. P. 77-78.
107 M acGavock R.W. A Tennessean Abroad, or Letters from Europe,
Africa, and Asia. N ew York, 1854. P. 367.

252

II.

...
,
108.
. ,
, -
(d ead alive p lace),
, , , 109.
,
, , ,
.
, . ,
, 110.

.
,
, , ,
.

,
.

-
111.
, ,
.
I
,
112. , , 108 . . , 12. -, 6 185 .
//N A R S . . 35. Diplomatic Despatches.Russia.Vol. 14. R. 14.
109 . :
Wright .. Letters from St. Petersburg, 1850-1851 // Proceedings o f the
New Jersey Historical Society. 1964 (April). Vol. 82. 2. P. 78.
1,0
H. . , 15. -, 28 1852.
// PDW.Diplomatic Papers. 185052. Hanover; London, 1987. Vol. 2. P. 175.
111
.. - . , 6. 10/22 1841 . //NARS. . 35.
Diplomatic Despatches.Russia.Vol. 14. R.14.
1,2 H. . , 2. 16 1850 . // N A R S . . 35.
Diplomatic Despatches.Russia. Vol. 14. R. 14.

I 4

,
, ,
113.
, ,
,
:
114.
,
, ,
. ,
, ,
115.
.
,
, I
?

,
.
,
.
,
.
- ,

X IX ,
.

, ,
1812 .
, ,

113 . . , 15. -, 28 185 .


// PDW. Diplomatic Papers. 185052. Hanover; London, 1987. Vol. 2. P. 176.
n4 H. - . , 12. -, 6 151 .
// N A R S . . 35. Diplomatic Despatches. Russia.Vol. 14. R.14.
115 H , 28. -
, 24 1853 . // N A R S . . 35. Diplomatic Despatches.Russia.
Vol. 14. R. 14.

25 5
254

II.

.
,
- ... ( . .)
, ,
,
116. ,
. .
,
,

. ,
I.

, X IX
, .

, ,
,
. ,

,
, , ,

.


, 1930-

. ,
- ,
,
.
,

.. -

116 Griffin G.W. Memoir o f Col. Chas.S.Todd. Philadelphia, 1873. P . I l l ,

IA A B A 4

1. ,
,
- , - ,

, -
, ,
- . , ,
,
1936 118.
^
,
. ,
.
.
, ,
,
,
^
, . , 1 '
I
, . ,
, X I X

.
,
,
-
,
- 119.

117
. (1850 1853)
//Americana. .2. . . .
: , . , 24
26 1997 . , 1998. .43-44.
F
- . , 1436. , 4 1936. // Foreign
Relations o f the United States: D iplom atic Papers: The Soviet Union,
1933 1939 Washington (D C .), 1952. P.289 291.
9 G olovin I. Stars and Stripes, or American Impressions. London,
New York, 1856. P.225.

2 56

, ,

,
. ,
,

, , .
,
,
, , ,
,
120.
(1 8 3 2 -1 9 1 8 ),
,

1853 . ,
,
, ,
,

, .
,
, ;
,
121.
-

.
(
) ,

*
1 , "
' 94- 2 1856. // N A R S . R G 59
. 35. DD. Russia. R.17.
v u ' i S S A 0 - Aut bi0graphy o f Andrew Dickson White. In 2 vols. New
York, 1922. Vol. 1. P. 449. ,
, 1904 White
A.D . Russia in War Time: Recollections o f a Member o f the American
io a f
? .8 the Cnmean war // Century: Illustrated Monthly Magazine.
1904. Vol. 68 (46 n. s.). P. 597602.

257

, ,
122.
1855 ,
.
,
.
,
(Erving)
(Haldem an).

, .
1853 ,
.
,
,
.
,
,
, . 1854 ,
, , , .

: ,
, ,
, ,
, , ,
.
122 White A.D . Autobiography o f Andrew Dickson White. In 2 vols. New
York, 1922. Vol. 1. P. 447.
123 - ,
- ...
- ,
, ,
- ;
,
- ,
,
- . White A. D. Autobiography of Andrew
Dickson White. In 2 vols. New York, 1922. Vol. 1. P. 448.

259
2 58

II.

, , ,
, 124.
,

:

, .
,
.
-
|25,
,
,
,
,
. ,
,

;
, ,
,
126.

. 1855
,
:
,
. ,
.

124 White A.D. Autobiography o f Andrew Dickson White. Vol. 1. P. 450.


125
, ,
, .

. .: Saul N.E. Distant Friends:
the United States and Russia, 1763 867. P. 204209.
126 White A.D. Autobiography o f Andrew Dickson White. Vol. 1. P. 455.

IA A B A 4

.

,
. - ,
, . .
.
... ,
, .
,
.

-. ,
, ,
,
,
.
, - .
,
,
- , .


(Atlantic M o n th ly )129.
,

( 1856
, , ,
) 13.

127 , 4 1855 (). . no: Saul N.E.


Distant Friends: the United States and Russia, 1763-1867. P. 230-231.
128 . . 6.
129 w h ite A.D . Autobiography o f Andrew Dickson White. Vol. I. . 1.

, The Rise and Decline o f the Serf System m Russia
T h e Development and Overthrow o f the Russian Sert System,
, , .
130 .: White A.D . Autobiography o f Andrew Dickson White. Vol. 1.
P. 80-81.

260

II.

,
,
.
;
;
; ;
,

.

, ,
.
, ,
131.

,
.
,
.
1858
- 53- 25-
.
-
.

,
. 1851

.
,
.
1851 ,
. . . :

131 [White A .D .] The Development and Overthrow o f the Russian Serf


System//Atlantic Monthly. 1862. Vol. 10. 61. P. 551.
132 . : ..
? // 1980
4. . 142-150.

261

, ,
?133
- 6 1858 .
.
, ,
, , ,

.
II 18 .
, 38-
-.
.
, ,
,
-
134!
,
.

.

.

. ,
, ,
,
. ,

, 1 2 (
).
1859 , ,
, -

133 .: Bull E.L. Lucy Pickens: First Lady o f the South Carolina
Confederacy // Proceedings o f The South Carolina Historical Association.
1982. P. 5-18.
134 ,
, 14 1859 ,
.

26?

2 62

II.

135.
, , , ,
( . .). ,
136.
,

. 1860 ,

. 1860
. 16 , 4

.
.
137.

:
, , ,
, , -
.

135 . .. , 14 1859 . // Ante-Bellum


Southerners in Russia // Journal o f Southern History. 1937 (M a y). Vol. 3.
N9 i p . 194.
136 . .. , 24 1859 . // Ibid. . 193.
137 .
,
,
.
.
,
, .
1862 100-
1862 1864 .
.
.
. 1862
,
. 1869 . .

,
. ,
,
( ) 138
(M u n roe),
1833 :
,
,
, ,
.
(A id-de-C am p) , ,
, .
, , .
,
. ...
.
, -.
139.
,
. ,
1840-
:
[ ].
, ,
, -
, (ennui) ,
, , ,
, , ,
140.
1836 -

" ^: .. :
// : , , : . .
.. . ., 2003. . 2732 .
139 . ( ) . 26 1833 .
// Papers o f James Buchanan. Microfilm. Roll 46.

140 Maxwell J.S. The Czar, His Court and People, Including a Tour in
Norway and Sweden. New York, 1850. P. 126 127.

264

II.

29 (10 ) , ,
, -
1810 ,
141.
;
,
.
X IX
,
142.
1830 1840- .
. ,
1840 . ,
, (M orreaux)
(W a d e),
143. ,
,
.
,
, ,
, .
,

.
, ,
|44.
141 - , 19.12/24 1836 . // NARS. RG 59.
Records of the Department o f State. M.81. Despatches from U.S. Consuls in
St. Petersburg, Russia, 1803-1906. R. 3. May 25, 1831 - Dec. 6, 1838.
142 Prince N. Black Womans Odyssey Through Russia and Jamaica:
The Narratives o f Nancy Prince. New York, 1989. .
. : ..
// - : 300
. ., 2004. . 120128.
143 Russia // N iles National Register. 10 1840 .
144 [Lenartzen C.R.] General Directions to all masters o f American
Ships trading to Cronstadt, which they are advised to read with attention,
and recommend to the strict notice of their mates. Cronstadt, 1837.
-

265

,

,
.

,
.
, ,
, ,
.
, ,
,
,
145.
,
,
146. ,

,
. ,
, ,
,
, ,
147.
,

,
,
,
, ,

^: - , 21. 10 1837 . // NARS.


RG 59. Records o f the Department o f State. M. 81. Despatches from U.S.
Consuls in St. Petersburg, Russia, 18031906. R. 3. May 25, 1831 Dec.6,
1838
145 [Lenartzen C.R.] General Directions to all masters o f American
Ships...P. 20.
146 Ibid. P. 21.
147 Ibid. P. 20-21.

266

, ,
148.
1830-
.

( , , ,
),49.
-
, 150.

, .
, ,

.
- 1838 .
, -:
-
, ;
,
, ,
, ,
, ,
-. ,
,
, ... . ,
,
,
.
, , ,
-.
,
Ibid. . 20.
' 4 Stephens J. L. Incidents o f travel in the Russian and Turkish Empires,
vols. London, 1839 ( l - e Incidents o f travel in
u reece, Turkey, Russia, and Poland. N ew York, 1838); W ik off H The
Reminiscences o f an Idler. N ew York, 1880.
Dallas 3175 T 25 * 839 ' 11

M Diary o f George M ifflin

267

. ,
, ,
, ,
, . ,
! (
) .
, .
, .
, , .
, , ,
? ,
. , , , .
,
!151 ,
,
-.
11
, , ,
. , ,
.
.
,
, 152.
,
153.
151 (Trollope F.
Domestic Manners o f the Americans. 2 vols. London, 1832),
, 1832
. .: . . :
(1827 1831 .) //
: . . 1. ., 2001. . 52 101.
152 Bremer F. The Homes o f the N ew World; Impressions o f America
New York, 1853. Vol. 1. P. 247-251.
133
.. , , 1856
. , , ,
. Fisher S.G. The Diaries o f
Sidney George Fisher, 1853-1857 // Pennsylvania Magazine o f History and
Biography. 1962. Vol. 86. 3 (July). P. 327. . : William Cullen Bryant
// Harpers New Monthly Magazine. 1862. March. Vol. 24. 142. P. 514.

268

II.

.
,
, ,
, .

|54.
1850
, ,
.
,
, ,
155.
, ,
.
. ,

,
, , , ,
, ,
, 156.
1840- .
-

154 ,
, .
, , ,
. ,
, . .
.
1962 : ,
X IX -.
,
. ,
.
, ,
( . . ., 2000. . 105).
155 Ditson G .L. Circassia; or a Tour to the Caucasus. N ew York,
London, 1850. P .X -X i.
156 Ibid. P.319. ,
, .

I 4

269

157. 1851 -
,
-
158.

: ,
, , , , -
.

.
1847 .: 2000
. 1700 . 7 .
. 6 .
20 100 . 180
2300 . 1300 .
2 159.
160

:
, 161.
, ,
,
.

,

157
. .
158 . . , , . . // . .
. On. 469. 1851. . 147. . 296. ,
- .
159 . 29 1847 .//Massachusetts
Historical Society. Andrew Wheelwright Diary, 1847 1852. P. 89.
160 X.P. (1830 1922)
,
.
161 . 22 1847 .
// Massachusetts Historical Society. Horatio Robinson Storer Papers,
1829 1943. Box 2. Russia Journal and Diary.

270

II.

-
1853 *62.

,
!63.
.
,

, .
1854
,
,
.
( )
; 164.
1855 ,
,
:
. ,
, 165.
, ,
, 166.

162
.: Choules J.O. The Cruise o f the Steam Yacht North Star;
a Narrative o f the Excursion o f Mr. Vanderbilts Party to England, Russia,
Denmark, France, Spain, Italy, Malta, Turkey, Madeira, etc. Boston;
New York, 1854. P. 118 148.
I(li .: H .H ., ..
// . . . 1980.
6. . . 6369; Dvoichenko-Markov . Americans in the Crimean
War// Russian Review. 1954. April. Vol. 13. 2. P. 137 145.
164 Notes o f Travel from the Diary o f the Late Isaak Draper, Jr., M .D .
Surgeon on the Service o f His Majesty the Emperor o f Russia at the Siege
o f Sebastopol By his Brother Seth Draper // Library o f Congress
Manuscript Division.The Isaak Draper Collection.
20 1855 ,
, .
165 4 1855 .// Library o f Congress Manuscript
Division. Dr. Charles Ross Parke Diary, 185566.
166 . 20 1856 .

[ 4

271

,
, ,
, ,
, , (m ade
much o f)- , , ,


167.
,
, , ,
(
) ,
I I
168.

. ,
,

; ,
.
,
,
; !169.
. ,

.

- .

;
, -

167 Th e Englishwoman in Russia; Impressions o f the Society and


Manners o f the Russians. By a Lady, Ten Years Resident in that Country.
New York, 1855. P. 270.
168 Prime S.I. The Life o f Samuel F.B. Morse, L L .D ., Inventor o f the
Electro-Magnetic Recording Telegraph. N ew York, 1875. P. 634640.
169 Taylor B. Travels in Greece and Russia, with an Excursion to Crete.
New York, 1859. P. 369.

272

II.

,
. ...
, - . -
,
. ...
,
? ...
170.
,
.
.
, ,

,
, ,
, .
,

. ,
,

. , ,
.
, ,
.

170
[Fitzhugh G .] Bayard Taylor s Travels in Greece and Russia // De
Bows Review. 1859. December. Vol. 27. 6. P. 655656.

, 1830
1850- ., , ,
: , , . 1850-
,

. ,
1850-
. ,
, ,
,
.
, ,

,
: .
,
. ( .. ) .
,
,
,
,
,
.

,
.
, ,
,
.
, ,

274

II.

, ,

.

, ,
,
.

,
,
. , 1840-


'.

, ,
(
).
1840- 1850- .
, ,
,
. , . , .
,
.
1
[ . .]
(
) // . 1841. . 3, . 1.
. 1 119; . (
) //
. 1841. . 3, . 2. . 135206; . 3. . 225279. .
- (
) // . 1842. . 2, . 1. . 1585; . 2. . 95
197; . 3. . 209-265; . 4. . 285-374; . 3, . 1. . 1-70; . 2. . 8 5 156. . , , .
, (
) // .
1841. . 3, . 4. . 285-362.

275
5


.
. .

. :
,
;

.
,
, ,
.
, .
, ,
. , ,
1850- ., ,
(, ,
), .
, , .
,

.

,


.
,
II.


( ,
1836 .
2
. , 21 /2 1857 . // .
. 170. . . 512/3. . 68. . 187.

2 76

II.

) .

.
. .
-
- 1824
.
,
, . -
; ,
, .
,
1824 , -
,
3.


4. ( , ,
).
, , . ..
(
),
5.
, 1830

,
6.

. .
3 1 1838 . // Dallas G .M . Diary o f George Mifflin
Dallas. P. 118.
4 1 1838 . // Ibid. P. 119.
1813 ,
.
5 [Poletika P.I.j Apercu de la situation interieure des Etats-Unis
dAmerique et de leurs rapports avec l Europe. Londres, 1826.
6 . .
// . 1830. . II. 45. 9 .; 46.
14 .

277

,
,
. , - .
, , ,
7.

183040- ,
.

, ,
. ,
;
( )
. ,
,
, , 1
*.
1837 . ,

1 7 _ . 1828
,
, . .
9. . . ~
,
-
1842 10.
;
. 1843 1844 .
-
, , .
1840- . , ,

7 13 1838 . // Dallas G .M . Diary o f George M ifflin


Dallas P 135.
8 Lamb M.J. State and Society in Washington // Harpers N e w Monthly
Magazine. 1878. March. Vol. 56. 334. P. 496
9 .. (1812 1883 ) // * ;
4050- X IX . 1. .. . ., 1991. . 5/.
[ . .]
. 1 . / .
. // . 1940. . 99. . 166 167.

2 78

II.

. 1854 .,
1857 .
. , . .
..
. ,
(
. , . . ),

, 1840 1850- 11.

, .
, 1843 ,
,
, . .

(D o w or D o v e )
, .
|2. ,
,
13.
..
,
, 14.
..
.
1850- .
11 ., .: Lamb M.J. Op. cit. P. 496; Fremont J.. Souvenirs o f M y
Time. Boston, 1887. P. 3 15; Reminiscences o f Washington //Atlantic
Monthly. 1880. November. Vol. 46. 277. P. 670.
12 . . , 1/13 1843 . // N A R S . . 39.
Notes from the Russian Legation. R. 2. Vol. 3.
13 . . , 16 1843 . // N ARS. . 99. Notes
to Foreign Leagtions. Russia. R. 82. P. 16 17.

, ,
. , 1850
,
. Scientific American. 1858. 18 . . 277.

I 5

279

,

15. ,
,
, . ,
, .
16.
,
,
. -
B.
,
.

;
, -

;
. ,

, ,
,
,
.
,
, , .
,
; !
17.
75~|
,
.
16 . // . 1856. 3. . . 1.
C. 115 116.

.
17 . //. 1856. 4. . . 1.
. 250251. .. .. ,
. , ..
1861 . .: . . .
., 1970. . IV.

280

^ U

LL P g ccjjg jl
IA A B A 5

, 1840- ,
, ,
,
,
- ,
,
, .
1841 1842
,
-
. . .
1850-
( , ) , ,
, ,
.

,

.
. .. 1841


:

. ... ...

,
, ,

, 18.
.
, , :
,
, ; , 18
[ . .]
- (
) // . 1842.
1 . . 1. . , 4647.

281

, -

. G o ahead! ; go ahead
cheaper, , , !
, , ,
. !
,
!19

: ,
. ...
. -
.
1,390 , 625
, 765 .

: ,
20.

. . ,
1853 1854 21.

,
22,
:

19 ., -.
// . 1854. . 12. N 7. . 271.
20 . - [] // -
. . 1854. 7 . 147.
21 .. .
.. // . 1853. . 12, . 12. . . . 6576;
. -,
- // . 1854. . 13, . 1. . . 79 108;
. 2. . . 93 114; . 4.
22 . . .
.. // . 1853. . 12, . 12. . . . 65.

282

II.

-,

! , ,
,
, , ,
? ! G o a head!
, ,
, ,
, -,
23.
,
, ,
:
- .-

, , , , ...
.
, -
;
.-
,
.
-
24.
-
. , 25.
23
. . , - // . 1854. . 13, 1
, 87-88.
. 24 . . 94.
25
., -.
// . 1854. . 12. 7. . 254280; 8. . 313
321, . - [] // - .
. 1854. 28 . 92; 7 . 147.

I 5

2 8?

,
,
,
,
26,
.

, ,
,
,
:
,
- , ,

.
,
.
,
, ,
. ...

- ,
, .
,
27.
,
, ,
:
,
,
. -

26 ., -.
// . 1854. . 12. 7. . 254.
27 . . 260.

284

1b j l -

,
28.
-
. ,
,

: , ,
, , ,
1 , ,
, ,
29.
,
,
- :
,

, ,
. ,
30.
1853 1856
. . (1788 1861).
,
- 1849
, ,

.

.
,
...
, ...

28 . . 278.
29 . - [] // -
. 1 . 1854. 28 . 92.

30 . - [] // -
. 1 . 1854. 7 . 147.

285

31.
,
.
,

, ...
, ,

, . ,
, ,
... .
,
1703 .
The Boston N ew spaper 24
1704 32.
1857 1858 .
- .
. . .
, ,
...
,
.
?

, , ,
, ,
,
33. -

31 .. .. , 28 1854 .; ,
18/30 1854 . // - . . 2
. . 1 1853. . 5.
. JI. 2629 .
32 [ .] ,

. // . 1857. 16. . 366.
33 Excelsior. [ ..] // .
1858. . 38. 11. . . . 2.

287
286

II.

, ,

1858 1859 .
.
,
,
,
34:
, ,
,
, .
, ,
, ,
,
,
35.
, ,
, (sic
. .), ,
,
, ...
, ,
; ,
,
,
,
. ,
,
, ,
36.

34
, .
1840- .
,
. .:
, // . 1842. . 51.
. . 9096.
35 Excelsior. [ . .] // .
1859. . 41. 5. . . . 8.
36 . . 9 10.


. ^>

, .

.
, ^

: >
'
, Be
,
, .
, 700 ,
.
- , , .
, , ^
,
37.
/1,|1
, ,
,
:
, ,
, ;

,
. ,
, ,

...

; , , -

37 . . 12.

289
288

II.

,
2000 ? 38
,
,
. ,
,
, , ,
.
(
) :
; ,
.
,
, 39.

:
- -
; ,
,

.
; .

,
, ;

.
... -
.
,
,
40.

38 . . 28-29.
39 . . 30.
40 Excelsior. [ ..] // .
1859. . 41. 6. . . . 195.


,
:
... ,
;
,
. <...>
,
. <...>
,
,
.
,
, ,
,
41.


, :

... ^
,
, .
, . ,
,
- .
, ,
. 1^
,
'
CTBV. , , 01 ^

,
.

41 . . 197 198,207.

290

II.

, ,
;
,
. ,
.
,
42.

: ,
,
,
.

? ,
, ;
-
? ...
, , ,
,
,
... ,
, .
,
, , ,
43.

:
,
, ; , ,
-- ,
,
,
,

. , ; ,
42 . . 219224.
43 . . 224-225.

I 5

291

,
44.
, ,

, ,
- ,
. ,
,

.
..
.
,

.
. , ,
.
.

, , 7-
... ,
,
,

, .

,
- , ,
,
.

. ,

,
,
, -

44 . . 225.

292
^^

X ...

, ^

1> - ^

33 ^

, ,
, ,

.
\1 > 1839
' - -
^ '10" 1862 ro* a
, 1863
, 1865
,
( 1869 .). . . ,

1 8 6 8
. . . ,
! * -
(18821 ? ( 1882-1888 .).
. .

^ (
) .

45
. //
. 1860. . 48. 9. . 92-95
"
~

295

46 1839

47.
,
,
. (1812 1892) -
1828 1829 .,
,
. , 1835
, , , , , -
( ) .
, .
-
48.

.

.. :
, - 300 (
),
,
, ,
, .

, ,

46 . : ..
(1841 1856) // , 1991. ., 1992. . 100.
47 [ . .].
// . 1839. . 3. . 2.
. 54-70.
48
.

294

II.

295

< m |mi

, it
; , 4,)
1840-
, , |
, *
. * t
1850- .
, ,
.. .. , <
.
*

, . i
,
, ,
. , >
(),
50. ,
,
.
. ,
,

, , , , ,
...
? ,
? , ,

; , , ,
, .
, ,

[ ..].
// . 1839. . 3. . 2.
. 54 70.
50
.. . -
// . . 19. 1859. . . 1. . 421423

. ,

55.
- - . , , . (
. .)

- . * . >

, -
1850- . . ,, - , , 1

. ;

,,, ,
, - 52.
: -
( - . .) ,
! /;

,

'

.. ^ ^
X X .

, . , 1860 1

( ,
. . . . )
.
----- ..]

. .-, 1859. . 1.
7 8Excelsior. [ ..] // .
1858 38 N . . . . 21.
53 // ,
, , r n S

. . . . 1 8 5 5 . , 1 3 0 .
. 161.

5
296

II.

297

,

. ,
1839
,

.

, ,
,

( . . )
, ,
(A m erican Tract Society
,
).

, , , ,
,
,
54.
1858
,
,
:
. ...
- , . , ,
.
50,000 ,
. , -
, , ,
(Barnards Journal o f
Education)!
,
, Education and Efforts for Education in Russia // American Annals
o f Education. 1839. November. P. 491.


, . ,
.
, ,
, 55.
,
. 1855 .
,
,
; ,
,
,
56.
,
. , . ,

, ,
.
,
,
; ,

;
, .

; .
, ,
, ,
...

,
-

55 . . , 13 1858 . ,
// Connecticut Historical Society. Henry Barnard Papers (1828 1899). Box II.
56 H. // ,
, , , , ,
. . . . 1 8 5 5 . . 1 3 0 . . 1 6 1 .

298

II.

,
57.
.
, -:
,
, (
. .) : 1855
undergraduates, ,
339. :
, ,
,
. ,
, , ,
,
,
,
. -
, ,

58.
,
X X
,
,
.


. , .
, ,
.

. , ,
-

57
. . III. -
// . . 21. 1859. . . 2. . 591.
38 [ . .] - ,
. .-, 1859. . 1.
. 168.

299

,
,
59.
, - X IX .
, 21 1839 (N ile s National
Register) , 2,000 ,
, -
60.
1850- .
- .
,

.
,
, 1858
,
. 61.
,
1850- ,

.

, 1830 .,
,
62.
,
,
, - ,
, ,

59 . . III. -
// . . 21.1859. . . 2. . 591.
60 N ile s National Register. 21 1839 .
61 . : . ., 2001. . 6468.
62 .: Walicki A. Adam Gurowski: Polish Nationalism, Russian
Panslavism and American Manifest Destiny // Russian Review. 1979. Vol. 38.
1. P. 1-26.

500

II.

,
. , 1850-

, , ,
, , , 63.
1854
, , ,
, ,
, .
, ,
,
,
.
, ,

.
,
64.
,
, ,
:
, ,
, ,
,
, .
,
. ; ,
63 .: Gurowski A. Russia As It Is. N ew York, 1854; A.
//
. 1858. . 2. 6. . . 1 (
). . 263279; . //
. 1858. . V I (). 1. . . 144; 2.
. . 83-95; . 2. 4. . . 1-18; 5. . . 53-70; 1860.
. 7. 1. . . 12-30; 2. . . 55-75. 3. . . 131-146;
4. . 8. . . 1-17; 5. . . 109-124; 6. . . 125 140;
. //
. 1858. 1. . . 1 (
). . 2040.
64 Gurowski A. Russia As It Is. New York, 1854. P. IV.

1 5

501

,
65.
,
, , :
,
. ,
?
, ,
,
.
. <...> ,
, ,
.
. , ,
, ,
66.
,
:

; ; ,
,
. ,
, ...
, .
< >
,
. , ,
, ,
. ,
;


,
. ... ,
.
65 Ibid. P. V III.
Ibid. P. XIV.
67 Ibid. . 261-262.

502

II.


:
68.
, ,
,
, .
69.
, ,
, , ,
. ,
70.
,
, ,
. ,
, , .
.

71.
,
,
.
.
,
, ,
.
. ,
,
. ... .
, ,
,
. 72.
, ,

68
69
70
71
72

Ibid. . 264, .
Ibid. . 264.
Ibid. . 270.
Ibid. . 270.
Ibid. . 271.

505

,
,
, 73.

,
, , ,
74.

1850- .
..
, 50-
- , ,
. , ,
75. ,
,
1856 - ,
, 76.

(Advertisem ent), , 114 ,
,
,
.
,
,
, ,
, , ,

.

73 X. . , 1854 . // Library o f Congress


Manuscript Division.The Papers o f Adam G. De Gurowski.Cont. 1.
74 White A.D. Autobiography o f Andrew Dickson White, with Portraits.
New York, 1904. Vol. 1. P. 81.
75 . . XIX .
// . 1994. 2. . 51.
76 Golovin I. Stars and Stripes, or American Impressions. London,
New York, 1856.

504

.. .

77. 32
,
.

: ,
. ,
; .
, ;
78.
, ,
, , ,
,
. , ,
... ,
, ,
, , , , ,
, 79.
,
, .
, , ,
,
80. ,
,
, .

.
, ,
,
. ,
, - (N ew
York Tribune) .
,
, , 81.
77 Ibid. , VII.
78 Ibid. . 33.
79 Ibid. . 152.
50 Ibid. . 153.
81 Ibid. . 101.

, , ,
, ,
,
, 82,
.
, ,
. ,
,
. , ,
,
83.

,
.
,
. , , .
:
, , .
.
:
, ;
,

; ,

;
, ,
,

85.
(K n ow -N oth in gs), , , ,
, ,
86.
82 Ibid. . 85-86.
83 Ibid. . 86.
84 Ibid. . 92.
85 Ibid. . 112-113.
86 Ibid. . 115.

506'

II.

, ,
, .
,
, , ... ,
,
,
87.
, :
, ,
; , ,
,
, , -
, ,
, 88.
-
.
, ,

;


. ,
. ,
,
,
; , ,
89.

,
:
, ,

90.

87 Ibid. . 116-117.
88 Ibid. . 117.
89 Ibid. . 220-221.
90 Ibid. . 87-88.

507

, ,
.
, ,
, ,
-
; ,
, , I I I
, , ,
91.
, ,
, .
;
.
, , ,
, ,
,
92. ,
:
(U n h oly
alliance. : Holy Alliance - - . .).

,


: ,

, ,

, .

1850- . , ,
:
.
,

91 Ibid. .
92 Ibid. .
93 Ibid. .
94 Ibid. .

147.
149.
149.
222.

508

^^1 1 ^ _ _

! ;
, 95.

, ,
,
.
, .


,
, .
,
,
.

X IX
.

, .
,
, , ,

.
-
, ,

.

,
,
.
,

. ,
,
, , ,
.
95 Ibid. . 274-275.

.. -

..
( )

Ivi*

. .

..

..

..

II

III.


,
.

. ,
, ,
.
,

,
.
, ,
, , ,
, .

,
.
.. , - , 1830- .:
. ...
. , -.

,
.
,
1.
X IX
,
. ,
, , ,
, ,


.
, ,
(
) 1 Stephens J.L. Incidents o f travel in the Russian and Turkish Empires.
2 vols. London, 1839. Vol. 1. P. 273274.

III.
III.

.
,
...

2.

, ,
,
.

40- X IX

, , ,
,
.

, ,

. ,

, , 3.
(1839 .)
.
1830-
.
,
,

,
.
.

,

: ,
. ,
;
-, ,
4.
:
,
, ;
, ,
5.
,
. ,
1856 . ( 1853 .),

, :

.
, .
,
.
,
.
,
, ,

.
,
, ,
7.

,

[Goodrich S.G.] Peter Parleys Common School History. Boston,

1838. P. 260-261, 267.


3
.. :
: .
, 2004. . 132 133.
, , 3 Mal*f - Russia under Western Eyes: From the Bronze Horseman to
the Lenin Mausoleum. Cambridge; London, 1999. P. 98.

6 [G ood rich S .G .] Peter Parley s Com m on School History.


Philaf Bjownell H.H. The Peoples Book o f Ancient and Modern History;
The Old World. Boston, 1853. Vol. 1. P. 464.

514

ill.

1840- .
, ,
, .

, ,
,
;
,
.

XIX



.
9 1838
,
8.
..

, , ,
. . .

(Manifest Destiny),

. 1840-
,
~5 _ , 17/29 1838 . // Le Due ..
That Rumor o f Russian Intrigue in 1837 // Canadian Historical Review.
1942 Vol. 23. 4 (December). P. 399. . : Black J.L. Canada m the
Russian Mirror. P. 28-29, .. 1837-1838 .
. . 291.

516
^ 1 _ | ;_ >1

, ,
, .
. 3

?^
1839
* '
-,

9.

.


' 0 . . ,
Ren "
- , ~

.
, 1 8 3 0 - 1840- .

. (
, )
.
, 1848
.
,


, ,
, 10.
,

, , . -

// \ ^
^

1? ' ] ' New Notes on Russia> by a Recent Visiter


^ 821 and Democratic Review- 1842- Vol. 11. 50

51 8 .8, " SP C'"!S

ra,i0nS f Da,,ld

Webst

517

- ,
,
;

.
,
,

.

, -
.

,
,

.

.
-
,
1840 1850- ., , ,
,
.


.

.
,
,
,
.
,
( ")
11

,
.

518

III.

1840- .
,
,
,
.
1833
,
,
(agent o f regenerating) .
, ,
...
,
12.
1830- .
,
manifest destiny) ( . .),
,
13.


1840- .
. . ,
, 1845
.. :
14.
12
.
, 20 1833 . // Everett . Orations and Speeches on Various
Occasions. Boston, 1868. Vol. 1. P. 432.
W ikoff H . Reminiscences of an Idler. P. 208.

.
,
. ,
.
14
. . . . , 6/18 1845 . / / [Calhoun J.C .J
The Papers o f John . Calhoun / Ed. by Robert L . Meriwether et al. Vol. 21.
Columbia, 1993. P. 153. . ,
,
1819 .

6_______________ __________________ __________________

519

,
, , ^
, ,
. [
(A m erica n W h ig R e v ie w ) 1845 .
, ,
,
, 11! 1
;
, ,
, ,
8

15.

184
1849 .
,
. - (N e w Y ork Herald)

.
,
: ...
150.000 ... ,
... ,
...
...
...
, , ,

d v c c k o m v

16.
,

X IX :
( ,
),
15 Annexation //Am erican Whig Review. 1845. Vol. 2. 5. P. 453.
16 New York Herald. 1848. 22 .

5 20

111.

, . ,
,

.
(U n io n )

17,
-
:

, ,

...


18.
,
.

.
1850 JI.
, ,

.
, ...
,
. ,
...

,
, ,

17 Union. 1849. 11 .
X I X
.
, 1997 ,
.
New York Herald. 1849. 21 . .: The American Image of Russia:
17751917 / Eugene Anschel, comp. New York, 1974. P. 106107.

521

, - ,
,
1 .

. ^
: :
-
- ,
,
, ^ - ,

-.

. . .
, ^ ^
; _
,
?.
,
, .
(N e w En^ander and
Review). , 1840~ 185^ * ^
,
? ^
^

, ,
, - ^ ^
, - >
), , ^
, -

... , ,
^

----- ^ ^.. Circassia; or a To ur to the Caucasus. New Y o rk ,


London, 1850. P. X X I.
TouMto the Caucasus // United States Magazine and Democratic
Review. 1850 (February). Vol. 26. 140. P. 164-166.

522

III.

, , ,
. ,

, ,
. ,
, ,
,
22.
, , ,
.
, , ,
. 1829 .
,
,
. ...
, , , ,
.
, .
, , ,
23. , ,

.
1852 .
. .
, , .
, ,
,
. , ,
- ,
,
24.

.

, ,
,
. \

- ,

, !
; ... ^
" '_
^ ,
?
.
, ,
; , , I :
, ,
,
, ,
, .

. 1853
: 1848-49 .
, 300
, , , ,
,
;
^
,
. : -

----- ~Circassia and the C aucasus / / U n ite d S ta te s M a g a z in e and


Democratic Review. 1852 (October). Vol. 31. 172. 01
.
26 ,

22 Caucasus //N e w Englander and Yale Review. 1851 (February). Vol 9


33. P. 89.
23 Ibid. P. 108-109.
Turkey, Russia, C ircassia// United States Magazine and Democratic
Review. 1852 (August). Vol. 31. 170. P. 163,166.

175 / ^ *"' Combined


^ [Goodrich Samuel G .] The Second Book o f History, Combined
W ith Geography; containing the Modem History of Europe, Asia, and
Africa. Boston, Cleveland, 1859. P. 275. ; , , 18.3
.

524

III.

,
, ,

,
, , ,
, ,

28.
1854
.
...
, ,
,
.

.
, ,

. ,
29.
. . .
1854 . ,
,
: , ,

,
,

. ,
.
,
,
.
,

525

,
, , ^
. ,

, ,
30.


1854 .
.

, .
,
, ,

. .
^ ^
,
^ = ^

.

. 4 ;
'
, ;
, .

, : =
^ *

. . ,
- ( ),
( )... ,

----- -Tu7key~ and Russia// United States Magazine and Democratic Review.

1854 (June). Vol. 33 9. P. 357,


28
The Czar and the Sultan / / Putnams Monthly. A Magazine of
Literature, Science, and Art. 1854 (M ay). Vol. 3. 17. P. 505.
New York Herald. February 28, 1854. . no: The American Image of
Russia, 17751917 / Ed. by Eugene Anschel. New York, 1974. P. 109 110.

, -

3 6 1 -3 6 2

373~m

Future

31 Causes and Consequences of the Russian w ar. .


, Art
// P u tn am Monthly Magazine o f American L.tera.ure, S ce n ce , and AH.
1854..Nm

x ta

T
! h t ffnho ly S n e e : A n American View of the E a S.em

War. New Y o rk, 1855. P. 105.

?27

III.

,
33.

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
34.
1855 . .
I. ,
... ,
,
.

, :
(to bring this
question hom e) , ,
,
,
,
...
,
, ,

. , ,
, - , ,
, , .
,
. . -

33 Charleston, South Carolina Weekly News, June 8, 1854. . no:


Jones H.P. Southern Opinion on Turkey During the Crimean War
// Ukrainian Quarterly. 1986. Vol. 42. 34. P. 230.
34 Little Rock, Arkansas State Gazette and Democrat, December 9, 1853.
. no: Jones H.P, Southern Opinion on Turkey During the Crimean War
// Ukrainian Quarterly. 1986, Vol. 42. 34. P. 238.

, ,


>>
. -.

.
: -
^
*
- i .
1 ,
, ,

^ .
,
, " ^
... ,


, (1855 .) . .



.
"
vTeDa , - ,
, ^
^
^
, , -
----- T h e^ C za r of Russia // United States Magazine and Democratic
^ ^ ^

5: 1

// Umted States Magazine

and Democratic Review. 1855 (April). Vol. 35. 4. P. 246-247.

128

III.

,
37.

.

;
, .
, ,
38.

, ,
1830 1850- .
, ,
,
.

.
, , .
,

.


.
,
,
;
- ,
,
,

.

529


: , 1

,
.
, , ,

-- .
" 0 , > , 6
' 1830-

^ ^

.
. ,
.
, ,
nVKax , ,

( -

. .),

\ 1837!
^ ^ , ?
, ,

(,
, )
17
Christianity Islamism // United States Magazine and Democratic
Review. 1855 (November). Vol. 36. 5. P. 379380.
38 [Fitzhugh G .j Acquisition of Mexico Filibustering / / De Bows
Review. 1858. December. Vol. 1 (25). N 6. P. 618.

----- -

;
40 W ik o ffH . Rem iniscences of an Idler. P. 249.
^ Dallas G M . Diary of George M ifflin D allas... P. 34.

III.

,
. , 42.
, ,
,
. ,
1848
:
?
,
? !43

,
:
,
, .
, , ,
.
,
,
44.
, 1840- .

, , .


. 1849

, 1830-.

.

42 . . . , 29, 23 /4 1843 . // PD W
Diplomatic Papers. Vol. 1. P. 239; . . - . , 50. 12/24
1844 . / / N A R S. . 35. Diplomatic Despatches.Russia. Vol. 14.R. 14.
43 //. 1848. . 9 6
. IV. . . 137.
44 //
. 1849. . 16. 8. . . IV. . . 27.

, ,

X IX
^
. ,
,
.

.
,
. ,
,
( )
,
.

^ X I X
,
. , ,
,
, ,
,
,

, . ,
,
,
.
.
. .
1836 : ^

, .
,

lil.

, ,
,
45.

.
.

,

1830
,
,
...
. ... ?
- ? -
, ?
?
, ,
?46

-

,
,

.
,
,
. , ,
,
, , ,

.
;
(
. .) .
, .
.
, ,
47.
1830- . .
,
,
, :
, , ,

271 Channn8

Slavery // Princeton review. 1836. April. Vol. 8. 2.

46 - . 3 1830 . // Papers o f
Henry Clay. Lexington, 1959 Vol. 8. P. 167.
47 .. 2 (..) 1832 . // WJB. Vol. 2.
- 219.

, ~

.
/ i
_

" , -

----- Incidents of travel in the Russian and Turkish Empires.


2 vols. London, 1839. V. 1. P. 282.

49 [bid. V. 2. P- 37 38.
r,iipr p oo7
so W ikoff H. Reminiscences o f an idler

s. //

. 1838. . 27. . VII. . . /.

III. :

,
, 1830- .


.
1854 . ,

,
. 1 . - ,
,

(S ou th ern Literary M essen g er),
? ...
.
? ,
! ... -
,

, ,
52:

:

,
,
?53
, ,
,
.

52 A F ew T h o u g h ts on S la v e ry (S p e e c h o f M r. Sum ner,
o f Massachusetts, against the Repeal o f the Missouri Compromise. In
Senate, February 21st, 1854. Commentary) // Southern Literary Messenger.
1854. April. Vol. 20. 4. P. 201.
53 Holmes G.F. Ancient Slavery// De Bows Review. 1855. December.
Vol. 19. 6. P. 634.

, ,
.


.
,
^
,
1857 ,
, . .

. ,
,
.

,
. ,

,
, .

^


**1
. ,
X IX
,

. ,
1854 I Um verse, : .
,

, ,
-----

[Fitzhugh G .] Southern Thought// De Bows Review. 1857. October.

Vol. 23. 4. P. 343.

III. :


. , ;
55.

1850- . .
1827 ,
1849 . ,
1855 .
.

. 1856
,

,
56. . .
(
. . ), 1850-
, ,
.
5
( 1832 .), 1853 .
,
,
- (
).
1857
,
. 1850-

.
,
, 1857

.


, . .
, . . 1850-
,

57.
(
) . .
( 10 1857 ).
. ,
, ,
,
,
... ,
, , ,
, .
,
:
: ...
, !
, ,
,

!59


, ,
60.
, , (,

, .
-

57 . .

// . 1895. . 1. . 64.
.. //
53 .. . 2-, . . ., 1989. . 368.
56
. .
// . 1856. . 3. . . 1. . 385-416; . 4 2
. 239-278.
' '

. ., 1911. . 4. . 88.
59

JKC

.. .
// . 1860. .


III.

.

-.
, ,
.
,
. ,
1857 ( . . )6|.
:
, ...
, ,
, ,
, .
, , ,
,
,
,
62.
, ,

.

.

.
- , ,
X IX ,

.
-

61 1857 ,

. .: White A.D . Autobiography o f Andrew Dickson White.
In 2 vols. New York, 1905. Vol. 1. P. 80, 83.
62 White A.D . Autobiography o f Andrew Dickson White. In 2 vols. New
York, 1905. Vol. 1. P. 80-81.

,
.
: ....

'

.
^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 0 ! < ^ - -

' ^

c tb o b ^ b i^ ^ ^^ ^ ^^1

^
,
,
,
. "3 Ibid. . 81.

5 40

III.

-


.
,

X I X ( ,
).

. ,
, ,
. ,
1850-
,
.
. ,
, ,
,

.
,

64.
,
,

.


.
,
, ,
-
.
64

,
.

,
,
- , .

A tlantic M o n th ly65.
,
.
. .
, ,
,
, 1872 45
.

( ),
1856 .,
66.
1860- ,
. ,
,
10 ...
67.
,
,
.
, ; ,
, :
, ,
...
, ,
-

65~White A .D . Autobiography o f Andrew Dickson White. Vol. 1. P. 82;


[White A .D .] The Development and Overthrow o f the Russian Serf-System
//Atlantic Monthly. 1862. November. Vol. 10. 61. P. 538552.
66 .. //
. 1856. . 3. . 385-416; . 4. . 239-278; Katchenovsky D. Darnel
Webster. Etude Biographique. Bruxelles Ostende, 1858. . . 7.
67 - . . .
// . 1874. 2. . 569.

III.

. ;
, ,
. ,
!68


,
.

,
, , ,
. 1918 , 3
86-.
,
.
II,
.

. ,
.
.


. .
,
,
X IX X X .

, 1860- .,
,
, .
, -
68
. . : ,
6 1861 //
. 1861. 3 . 97. . 709.

,
. ?
, ,

.

.


. :

X V I I I ,

69.


.

. X IX
,
, ,
70.
1 8 3 U .
I - . (
)
(
, )71.
,
,
,

65 . : - .
.. // . . 96. . ., 1985.
670
70 ., .: Cobden R. The Political Writings o f Richard Cobden.
Vol. 1. P. 180,197-198.
71 . . , 22.7 1833 . //WJB. Vol. 2.
. 381.

5 44

III.

,
,
(law o f nations),
,
,
72.

,

( , , X I X
). , ( ,
),
, X IX
X X .

. .
. :
.
,
, , ,

,
73.

, ,

,
,
. , , ,

. , ,
- .
,
, ,
72 .
, 20 1833 . // Everett . Orations and Speeches on Various
Occasions. Boston: Little, Brown, and Co, 1868. Vol. 1. P. 432.
7J W ik offH . Reminiscences o f an Idler. P. 245.

545

,
, ,
74,

!

X I X
.

. ,
,
75,
.
:

,
. ,
,
,
. ,
,
, . ,

74 [ . .]. // :
. 1858. 1 . 29. . 233.
75 ,
,
( . . ., 199/.
. 296). ,
, , . ,


- , , ,

: , :
: ,
- .
( ..
. - //
. 19.1859. . . 1. . 414.

J4 7
5 46

III.

, ,
76.
,
,
. ,

, .


, -:
,
.
,
77. ,
,

.
1860- .
, ,
, , .

X IX .
,
,
, ,
.
76 . . 17 1849 . // Everett ,
Orations and Speeches on Various Occasions. Boston, 1860. Vol. 2. P. 643.

. , ,

( ),
X V IIIX IX . ,
,
, ,
. .: . :
. ., 2004.
77 .. :
. ., 2004. . 131.

- .

(?), ^^

. ,
,
,. .
. ,
, ,
.
^
, X IX
4

- ( ).
, ,
, , -

, , , X I X
- . ^
,
,
, ,
, .


,
( ). ,
, ,
. 1848-1849 .
..
(th e surrounding
nations), ,
78.
^ .. - . , 80. 5 1848 . / / Librao'
o f Congress Manuscript Division.Andrew J. Donelson Papers.R. 7. Vol. 13.

549
7


, ? -
,
.
1830 ,
.


3.

-


X I X

, .


.
1830- .
:
, , ,
. ,
, ;

1.
:
, ,
2.

, ,
.

. ^
, , ,
. , * ^
- .
^ S k , =
- .
,

.^

,

" "
,, *

[ ]
, *
,
, .



,
------ ' M ilT iM . Russia under Western Eyes: From .he Bronze Horseman'to

1
. . . 1527 1832 . // WJB. Vol. 2.
. 217.
7 , 31 1832 . // Ibid. . 265.

the Lenin Mausoleum. Cambridge, M A , L o n d o n 1999. P.


4 - , 31 1832 . // w
P. 265.

voi

5 50

III.

, :
,
[]
... ,
, , -
.
,
5.
,
, ,

1832 .

. ,
,
, ,
;
.
(G lobe),
,
,
.

,

: , ,
,
,
, .
,
, .
, ,
, 6.
,

1 1
. ,



... .

(]... ',

^ , .

,
^
,i
-
.

JV


- -

, ^, [

,
,

, , ,
, [ ] -

,
^
8.
G lob e
:
,


;
,

,

, -

*
, ,

G lobe
^
,
-

. HM^

r0^

4aH^ ,
.

" Globe ,

------- - , 10. 20 (..) 1832 . // 1 .


^

5 JI. , 22. 7 (..) 1833 . // Ibid.


. 379-380,
6 , 10. 20 (..) 1832 . // Ibid.
. 299.

, -

. , . 20 ( . .) 1*32 .

, 10. 20 ( . .) 1832 .

// Ibid. . 302.

552

III.

,

( 1832
).
.

,
.
,
.
,
,
.


Globe.
, G lob e ( . , .
. ),
. , ,
, .
. ...
...

11.
.

, .
, ,
,
,
.


.
10 , 10. 20 ( ..) 1832 . // Ibid.
. 304.
11 Mott F .L . American Journalism, A History: 1690 1960. 3rd ed. New
York, 1962. P. 180.

:
C - ...
15/27
Journa
du C om m erce. , -
. ] ,
. ,
. .

.
. . ( . .
)
,
, .
( )
... [] ,
. , - .
.. ,
,
14. ,
, . . - ,
, 1820
, ,
, - . , . . [1831-18331
Buchanan. R . 46. : - , 11. 9
( ..) 1833 . / / W JB. Vol. 2. . 310.
s/17 1833
13 - .. . 2 / 1 4 - 5 / 1 7
.
// Letters of Dorothea, p rin ce s L ie .c n , doring her ran!lence
*
1812-1834 / Ed. by Lionel G , Robinson. London; N ew Y o rk [etc.J, 19UZ.

14 X .A . , 231. 6/18 1833 . / / .


On. 469.1833. . 120. . 123125 .
pnrf><ntedT g o h e l l P. Russia As It Is, And Not As It Has Been *=
nd.
Together W ith Observations And Reflections On T
Deceitful Policy O f The New School. London, 1833.

III.

,
|6.
-
,


: , ,
, , ,
, - hors du
com bat17; ,
'8.
,
. ,

. ,
- , ,
,
, ...
,
.
...
,
,
,
19. , ,
, ,
,
-
16 , 1832 .

,
.
17 (.).
18 . . 31 1833 . //WJB. Vol. 2. . 372.
,
.. . .: ..
- : 1815 1832. ., 1975. . 443446.
19 . . , 8.15 1835 .//NARS. RG 59.
. 35. Diplomatic Despatches. Russia. R. 13. Vol. 13.

(Journal de S a i n t - Petersbourg) 10^


, , ,
.
,
- * ~
.
,
^ ^

. . ,
,
Globe.
<<
,
^ '
, -
, - ^
, , ,

,
.
. ,
21.


. , ,
^ ^
,
(- . .

. - . , 16 .1 1 1835 . // NARS.
RG 59. . 35. D ip lom atic Despatches. Russiel R. 13 V o l 13
A.A. , 30 1837 . // . .
. . 469.1837. . 247. . 57 . - 59.

556

III.

,

,
; ,
,
,
, ,
,
22.

1835

. . .

: , ,
, ,
,
23. ,
, ,
, , ,

. ...

24. , ,

.
,

1835 25,

, , ,
26.

22 1 1838 . // Dallas G .M . Diary o f George M ifflin


Dallas. P. 119 120.
23 W ikoff H. Reminiscences o f an Idler. P. 246.
24 Ibid. P. 247.
25 . . . ., 1993. . 3.
26 . . ., 1992. . 153.

5 57

,
.
1836 ,
.
,
-
,
.
, ,

, 27.
,
28, ,
: 1, ; 2,
, 3,
29. :

? ...
, . ...
,
, ,
( . .)
...
,
. -,
, .
,
.

27 //
, . 1836.
. 180. . 172.
io , t
.
28 Lettres sur les Etats-Unis dAmerique, ecrites en 1832 et 183J, et
addressees a M. Le Comte O Mahony, par I.M.B. Paris, 1835.
-,
- , 1830-.
29 - //
, . 1836.
. 180. . 178.

558

III.

30. ... -
,
. ... ,
,
31.

: , ,
,
!
, -
,
. ,
, , , ,
?
, , ,
, . !

?32.
.

,
.

,
XJX .

30 ,
: ,
; ,
. ,
:
, ;

( . .
., 1992. . 152):
31 - //
, . 1836.
. 180. . 189-190.
32 . . 192.

,

.

- .

,

.
,
.

, , ,
-.

,
, .

1830- .
, ,

33. 1850- .,

,
, , , .
, ,
, 34.
.

: -

<"
, , ,
( .
. ., 1992. . 153).
34
.. : [ .,
] Niagara - //
. 1857. . 32. 11. . . 205-206.

5 60

III.

, ,
, ,
. , ...[]

, 35.
, ,
.

, ,
,
.

36.
( ) .
, ,
,
, ,
.
1856 :
37 ,
(brick rubbed) . ,
. , , ,
. ,
38.
33
[ .] ,

. // . 1857. 16. . 366.
36 . : . .
: ,
X IX . // :
: V III . .
, . ,
, 2930 2003 . ., 2004. . 337343.
37 , .
38 .. . 5 /24 1856 . Saturday
5 April/24 March 1856 // Connecticut Historical Society. Seymour, Thomas
Henry Papers. 1854 1857. Ms. 95246. Diary.

,
.
,

,
, ...
39.

.


,
: ,
_ ,
,
.
- .

, ,
,
*
,
, ,
40. 1842
!,
:
, , ,
, -

39 Saul N .E. Distant Friends: The United States and Russia, 1763
1 OZT-7

6 1834 . // [Calhoun J.C.] Th e Papers o f John


C. Calhoun. Vol. 12. P. 310.

565
562

(11.

, ,
41.
1848

,

.
:
,

. ,
, .
. (
- . .) , ,
42.

:

. ... ,
, ;
,

.
,
,

. , ,
, , , ,
.
,
.

41 Henry Clays Speech in Columbus, Indiana [ca. October 69], 1842


// Papers o f Henry Clay. Vol. 9. P. 785.
42 Webster D. Objects o f the Mexican War: A Speech Delivered in the
Senate o f the United States, on the 23* o f March, 1848, on the Bill from
the House o f Representatives for Raising a Loan o f Sixteen Millions o f
Dollars // The Great Speeches and Orations o f Daniel Webster. Boston,
1889. P. 568.

, , "
^ ^

. , ^
, ,
^


. , ,
1843 .: , , n a o

, ,
,
; , ^ ^
,


18481849

. 21 1848
(
) , -
(N e w Y ork H era ld ), , ,
: ,
:
,
... ...
, ,

( U n i o n ) . ( ----- - , 9 1832 . //WJB. Vol. 2. . 227-228.


44 Russia // N ile s National Register. 1843. 25 .
5 N e w York Herald. 1848. 21 .

?64

III.

), ,
23 1848 .,
.
.
. .
.

46.
(N a tio n a l Intelligencer) , ,
: ,
, ,
,
... , ,
,
47.
,
.
,
, .
,
:
48,
[ ]
,
49.

.

,
,
.

46 Union. 1848. 23 .
47 National Intelligencer. 1848. 21 .
48
, .
49 .: Hunt . . Ideology and U.S. Foreign Policy. N ew Haven, 1987
P. 106.


.

,
. , [] ,
,
, 50.
,

,
. -
U n io n
, :
. 51.


.
U n io n
21 , ,

,
, 52.
, ,
,
,

53.
, .

.
----- ^ .. - .. -. (). 28 1848 .
// Library o f Congress Manuscript Division. Andrew J. Donelson Papers.
R. 7. Vol. 13.
51 Union. 1848. 31 .
52 Union. 1848.26 anp.
(
53 Maxwell J.S. The Czar, His Court and People, Including a tour
Norway and Sweden. N ew York, [c 1848]. . . 4.

566

III.

567


, ,
,
, ,
,
54.
;
, ,
. . 55.
,
,
,
, .
,
1848 ,
,
,
56.
1849 .

. - ( N e w York
H erald) 8 1849 .
:
, ,
,

? ... [] [],
,
, , ,
57. (U n io n )
,
,

54 Russia // American Whig Review. 1848. Vol. 7. 5 (M ay). P. 502.


55 United States Democratic Review. 1848. Vol. 23. 122. (August). P. 192.
56 . , 30 1848 .
// Congressional Globe, 30thCongress. Is1Session. P. 568.
57 N ew York Herald. 1849. 8 . . no: The American Image o f
Russia: 1775 1917 / Eugene Anschel, comp. N ew York, 1974. P. 107.

,
. .
,
; , , .
. ,
,
. ,
-
59.


,
. ,
,
.
,

, ,
.

.
J1. , (
) . ,

, :
, ,
62.

. ,
, T ln io a 7 8 4 9 .12 .

59 . - , . 18 1849 . // NARS.
RG 59.. 77.Diplomatic Instructions.Special Misswns.R152Vol.l.
M ayAJ. Contemporary American Opinion o f the Mid-Century
Revolutions in Central Europe. Ph.D. Thesis. Philadelphia, 1927. P. 45.
- 7 1849 .// The Writings
and Speeches of Daniel Webster. Boston, 1903. Vol. 4. P. 213.

568

III.

5 69

I ...

, , ,
63.
1852
.
64. :
, ,
.
...
,
65.

, ... ,
,
, ,
,
,
,
,
,
,


,
. :
, .

, ,

1848 1849 .,
;


;


; ,

;


;

... ; ,
63 .. . , 8 1849 . // Microfilm Edition o f
the Papers o f Daniel Webster / Ed. Ch. M. Wiltse. Reel 21. 29664.
64 Davis H.W. The War o f Ormuzd and Ahriman in the Nineteenth
Century. Baltimore, 1852.
65 Ibid. P. III.

66.

:
,
, .
.
,
.
,
.
.
;
,

. , , ,
,
,
67.

-
; , ,

.

Ibid. . 275-277.
67 Ibid. . 362-363.

5 70

III. :

, (
) ,
- .
.


.
,

.

1854
: ,
,
, , ,
, ,
,
68.
,

.

.
X I X
- ,
.

,
.
,
,
,


.
.

,

1830- .,

,

,
, , ,
,
.
, ,
, ,
,
;
, ,
,
69.

:



.
; ,
, ,

.
. ,
, ,
, , ,
. ,
, .
, ,
-

69

68 Gurowski A. Russia As It Is. New York, 1854. P. iii.

571

Peace and War 11 United States Democratic Review. 1839. March:

Vol 5. 15. P. 305.

572

III.

,
,
70.
,
,
.

,
,
. ( ,
)
( )
,
.

. 1854
,
, ,
.. -. ,

,
, 71. ,
, ,

,
72.

70 , 4. 29 (..) 1832 . // WJB.


Vol. 2. . 211.
71 . . // . . . .: 30 . .,
1957.. . . 161.
72


1854 (Shengold D. From the Other
Shore: Aleksandr Herzen on James Buchanan // Slavic Review. 1992. Winter.
Vol. 51. 4. P. 764).


, 1854 . ,
,
, ,
, ,
73.
,

.
,
( ,
:
, ,
74),
.

, I,
. 1

( ).
,
, I 1840- -


:
, , , , , , , , , [
] , , ,
. .: .
. , 24 1854 .// Library o f Congress Manuscript Division.
William Learned Marcy Papers. Cont. 79.
73 . . , 3. 8 1854 . // N A R S. R G 59. . 35.
DD. Russia. R. 16.
74 ,
,
[ . .]...

(The Revolution in Prussia // North American Review Vol. 68.
1849. P. 260).

III.


.
1840- .
.
(

)75. ,
, ( ,
) .


() , ( )
. 1853 1856 .

, .
1850- .
. ,
(
)
( )76.

,
. ,

25 (4 ) 1855 . ,
:
(tow n meetings)
77.
75 , ,
. 1857 ,
, , !
, ,
(H elper H.R. The Impending
Crisis o f the South: How to Meet It. New York, 1857. P. 163).
76 Religious Sects and Socialism in Russia // International Magazine
o f Literature, Art, and Science. 1850. November 1. Vol. 1. 4A. P. 461463.
77 . 25 /4 1855 .
// Connecticut Historical Society. Thomas Henry Seymour Papers. 1854
1857. Ms. 95246. Diary.


-
,
. ,
, ,

, , ,
, -
(town-m eeting system), .
,
7S.
-
,
( ,

).

.
, ,

,
. ,

, ,
. ,
, ,

.
, :
.
,
.
,

, , ,
.
^ Wh ite A D. Autobiography o f Andrew Dickson White, with Portraits.
N ew York, 1904. Vol. 1. P. 8081.

576

- III.


, ,
,
. ,

,
.


, .

1830 1840- . .
. , 1830
1850- . , ,

79.
,
(Soltikoff),
,
, ,
, ,

1783 . 80. ..
-,
,
81.
,
,

79 Stephens J.L. Incidents o f Travel in the Russian and Turkish Empires


London, 1839. Vol. 1. P. 278.
80 4 1838 . // Dallas G.M. Diary o f George Mifflin
Dallas. P. 130-131.
81 .. - , . 22 /9 1843 . // Library
o f Congress Manuscript Division. D u ff Green Papers. Reel 2.

577

82,

.
.
.
I,
.
,

.


, , .
. .
,
- 1850- ,
,
, ,
83.
,
,
. ,

- ,
.
, ,
,

. ,

.
, , I
-

~ 82 . : . ., 2001. . 17.
83
.. .
.. // . . 26. . On. 1. . 17. . 44.

5 79
578

III.

84. *

,
.
,

1832 1833 . ,
St. Petersburg Journal, ,
,
85,

86.

,
; ,
,
87.
,
,
, ,
, , :
, , ,
.

, , ,
. ,
. ,

84
,
,
. ...
,
( JI.B. I. ., 2003. . 338339).
85 - , 13. 1 (. .) 1833 . // WJB.
Vol. 2. . 316.
86 , 14. 5 (..) 1833 . // Ibid.
. 318.
87 - . . 22 1832 . // Ibid. . 199.

,
, .
, , '
^

. , ,
;
cyLuecTBOBaHne ,
88

? 1838

. : ... ,

' ,
. - > , ,

,
.
, ,
- . ,
;
- , ,
, - 90.

. , 1838



,
: ,

88 . . 22 1832 . // Ibid. . 199 200.


1839 .
1 1838 . // Dallas G.M. Diary o f George Mifflin
Dallas. P. 119.

5 80

III. :

- 91.
,

(
),

.

, I,
( ) ( ), ,
92.
- , 1830- ,
I
.
,
, , ,
,

, ,
, , ,
93.

I ,
.
,
, ,
,
.
,
.
,
,
91 15 1838 . // Ibid. . 126.
92 . . , 3. 8 1854 . // NARS. R G 59. . 35.
DD. Russia. R. 16.

93 ,
P. 313-314.

12. 14/16 1833r.//WJB Vol 2


'

581

, .
... .
. . , , 94.

,
; ,
[],
;
, , , ,
, .

, , ,
, 95.

.

. . ,
, ,
,
,
96.

,
. ?
.
, , ...
, ,
97. ,

94 . . , 22.7 1833 . // Ibid. . 381.


..
. . : ,
. .. . . , 3. 6 1861 . // Foreign

Relations o f the United States. Vol. 1. P. 293.


95 23 1839 . // Dallas G.M . Diary o f George Mifflm
Dallas. P. 209-210.
96 Ibid. P. 12.
i!
97 W ik off H. Reminiscences o f an Idler. P. 246.

582

III. :

(
,
),
.
. , .
,
... .
, . ,

, ,
,
, ,
,
98.

:
, ,
. 99.

, ,

,
,
. , ,

.
, 1830-
,
.
,
,
. , ..
. , (
- ) ,

,
...
, ,
,
*

100 .


* "
. ,
.

. : ^

, ,
- ,

; ' ^
. , ,
,
,

, ,

"
;
, , , ,
.

,
- :
, iec
.
,
.
-

*^ 17 1839 . // Dallas G .M . Diary o f George Mifflin


1 .' >
2 1855 . 42,. . -

11 1855 . 753 // . . 772.


98 Ibid. . 247.

99 Ibid. . 249.

. On. 1. . 3731. J1. 1 1 .

584

III.


,
. . .
;
,

, . ,
- :
,
,
. .

; ,
,
, , ,
,
.


,

102. (
)
.

.
, ,
, .

|03.
,
X I X
,
(
102 .. . .: 3 . . 2. . 1859. .,
1987. . 188.
103 .. . ., 1990. . 161.

585

),
.

.
, X I X ,
.

,
, ,
, .

X IX
.

,
1843 .,
: ,
- ,
,

.
: - ,
,
(sic ),
. ,
,
, ,
, ,
, ,
.104
04 . ( ).
. .
, XVI, X V II X V III X IX .
1492 (1500) 1831 . 2-, . ., 1843. . 223, 307.

586

587
III.

, .
, ,
.
.

:
; ,
, 4 .
105.

, , ,

.
1860- .
,
,
, 106.
1830-

.

.
, ,
, ,
, 107.
,
.
? , -,
, ,
, .
, , ,
.
, ,

105 .
. -, 1853. . 144.
106 . . . 7-
., 1869. . 191-192, 288.
107 Dallas G. . Diary o f George Mifflin Dallas. P. 13.

. ,

.
. . ,



,
: ,

:
. , ,
? ,
?109
,

_


,
,
. , , .
110. -

108 : .. -
- 1815-1832. ., 1975. . 560-566; .
. ., 1981. . 224-256; .
// . - . .,
1995 79_98.
109 1 . (
) // ..
. 2-, . . ., 1989. . 481.
,
: , -

,
, , ;
, , ,
, ,
,
( . . - . [21
1836.]// . . 494).
I
. Saul N . Distant Friends... P. 156.

588

III.

, , .

1840
,
: : ,
!
... , :
? ? 111
,
,

. 1855
. , :
-
,
,
,
- .
, ,
,
: ,
,
112.

. .
111 // . 1840.
. 41. 111 ( ). . 7374. .
: , , ,
//
. 1842. . 52. 5. . . 3138.
112 . // ,
, , , , ,
.. .. . 1855. . 130.
. 157. 1855 ,
.
. ,
.
.

589

,
. 1838
.
|15.
,
1830 1840- . , 280,000
1833 830,000 1847.
6.
.

, 1848 1856 .
.
, ,

. ,
,
.

.
.

,
. ,
,
.

26 1837 . // Dallas G .M . Diary o f George Mifflin


Dallas P 41.
114 .
// . 1838. . 30. . 1. 9. O r. .
115 ., , . ,
. : Bremer F. The Homes o f the N ew World; Impressions o f Amenca.
N ew York 1853. Vol. 1. P. 250.
.. . .: .. .. .
. . IX X. ., 1910. 1450.
W hittaker . . Th e Origins o f M o d e m Russian Education:
An Intellectual Biography o f Count Sergey Uvarov, 1786 1855. De Calb,
111., 1984. P. 119.

5 90

III.

1836 .

,
117.
1836
.
. . ,
,
30 .
,
, . ,
,
(com fort);
, ;
; ,
;
; ;
,
; , ,
, :
,
118.
, 1836 ..
,
: -
,
, ,
, , , ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
119.

117 - //
, 1836
. 180. . 192.
118 .. . . .: . . 7. ., 1958. . 434-435.
119 .. 9 . . 1. ., 1976. . 254.



(!): ,
, 1855
, , ,
;
;
, , ,
,
, ; ,
, ,
,
. , , ,
,
,
120.


.
. .



...
,
.
,
,
-

120 . // ,
, , ,
, .. .. . 1855. . 130. . 177.
121 .: . . - .
1815 1832 ., 1975. . 560 566; . .
// . .
. ., 1981; .
// . - . ., 1995. . 7998; .

592

III.

122. ,

, , ,
.
, ,
, . , 1859 .
,
,
. . ,

(
. ):
ipso ( )
, . , ,
, 123.

; ,

,
:
, , 124. ,
.

.
1830 1850-
,
,
,
,
.
1830-
. ,

122 . // .
- . ., 1995. . 97.
123 .. . / . , 1859
// .. . .: 3 . . 2.. . 1859.
1987. . 135.
124 . . 134-135.

5 95

( 1850- .)
,
. ,

,
,
. , 1840-


, 1840-
. , . , .
.
,
, , . ,
, , ,
, , ,
,
,
,

.
,
,
125.

, , .

125
., : .
// ,
, ,
. 1836. 4 .1 , .III. .614-615; . //
. 1859. . 6. 3. . . 295296; X.
// . 1858. .1. 2. .
596600- // . 1839. 3. . .118-120; - // . 185 /. 1. >.
10 (). . V. . 5556.

5 94

III.

,
, ,
, 1840- 1850-
,
.

.. ,
,

. ,
, 20 30- X IX . ,
,
. ,
,
,


.
-
126.
. .
,
: ;
. ,
.
,
.
127. ,
, (
).

126 .. 2030-
XIX . // , 1982. .:
, 1982. . 230, 252.
127 .. [.:]
, . . ., 1859.
// .. . .: 3 . . 2. . 1859.
., 1987. . 181.

,
,
.
,
. 1830- ,
, .. ,
:
, , ...

, ^
1840- ..
:
, ,

, ,
, , ?
. ,
,
, ! ?
,
,
129

.. , , .
~

.. . //

. 2-, . . ., 1989. . 114.


.. Tvobi // .. . ., 1979. . 184.
1829
, .

: , , , ,
. (:;
. 1829 //
.
79)
.. ,

>>.

// , 2003. ., 2005. . 251

596

III. :

, ,
130.

,

.
1848
. . : ,
, .
,
II. ,
, , ,
, 131.

.
1848 1849 . ,
,
.

,

.


.
,

.

130 .. . . 259.
131 .. < > // ..
: . ., 1988. . 199.
132 . : Heclit D. Russian Radicals Look to America 1825
1894. Cambridge, 1947.

5 97




,
133.

,

X IX .
(1827 1872)
1856 .
. . , . . , 1849
.


-
, . .
134. ,

,35.
^ . -
. ,
: , ,
.
-
, . 27 1855 . Notes o f Travel from
the Diary o f the Late Issac Draper, Jr., M .D . Surgeon in the Service of His
Majesty the Emperor o f Russia at the Siege o f Sebastopol. By his brother
Seth Draper // Library o f Congress Manuscript Division.The Isaac Draper,
Jr. Collection.
134 M .M .
// . 1895. . 1. . 64 (2- ).
135 ..
, :
C.- :

599
598

III.

1850-

.
( . . )
. . ,
. , ,
,
1856
137.

.

, ,
.
,
138.
.
( X I X
)
X IX .

. . . 139,

,
140.

. .:
. . 1858
1859 . , 1860. . 44.
136 .: .. ,
. ., 1855. . 166.
137 . . //
. 1856. . 3. . . 1. . 385-416; . 4. . . 2. . 239 278.
138 . .
// . 1856. . 3. . . 1. . 385.
139 Works o f Daniel Webster. 6 vols. Boston, 1852.
140 2- Works...
. . , , ,

.

1807 1852 . 1807 . 1812 .,

1820- , > 1827 . (ta riff o f abomination )
1828 ,
(

) -
(1842 .), (1845 .)
(1846 1848 .),
, " - , 1850 ,
-
,
.
,
' , , -
, .
. . . ,
^ , -
... ,
,
^ , - ,
.
: -

^-
, ,
,
. ..., *
, , ,
( . .
. , 1862.
. 106).

400

III.

, ,
, ,
, ,
,

. ,
... 141.
.

... : ,
, ; ,
, ,
,
. ...
- ,
, ,
, ,
, 142.
. .
,
,
30 50- X IX .
143,
(
144).

,
,
, .
;
, , .

141 . . //
. 1856. . 3. . . 1. . 395396.
142 . . 398-399.
143 .: ..
// , 1990. ., 1991.
144 .: . .
// . 1856. . 3. . . 1. . 411.

401

. .
,
. .
. ,
: , ,
145.
,
: ,
(Calhoun , ):
,
(Bundestaat),
(Staatenbund),
, , 146.

:
,
.
. .
. .
(1841 1843 1850 1852 .)
.
(1842 .)
. ,
,
.

.
:
, ,
148.
-
, ,

145 . . 403-409.
146 . . 413.
147 . . 409.
.. ..
// . , 190. . .

405
402

III.

.
.,, ,
, .
;
, ,
,
149.
,
, :

,
.

; ,
, ,
, ,
150. . . ,
.
. . .
,
.

.
,
. .
- ,
.
, X X
: ,

. -

149 .. //
. 1856. . 4. . . 2. . 244.
150 . . 275.
. . :
... ,
. . : . .
// . 1973. . 279.

;
151.
,
,
.
- . -
.
:
.
, ,
, .
, .
,

.
/
?
.

?153
,

- ( ),
(
)
.

: ...
154.

.. // . 1856. . 3. . . 1. . 409.
. .
// . 1856. . 4. . . 2. . 268.
153 j ' 274.
154 272

. .: Current R. Daniel Webster and the Rise o f National
Conservatism. Boston; Toronto, 1955.

404

III.

, . .

.
,
,
,
155, ,
:
156.
1850- . .
,
, JI. , . .
.
-,

.
( , )
.

157.

, 158.


|59. 1860-
155 Katchenovsky D. Daniel Webster: Etude biographique. Bruxelles;
Ostende, 1858. P. IV.
156 . . 6.
157 Katchenovsky D. Daniel Webster: Etude biographique. Bruxelles;
Ostende, 1858. ,
.
158 ., : Fuess .. Daniel Webster. Boston, 1930. Vol. 2. P. 424.

: .
,
(. : . , 1894. . 36).
159 ., : . .
. ., 1859. . 9293; .
... . 94, 99.

405

. , , , ,

10
160,
,
,
, .
, X IX
.
,

.
I, ,
. I
,
.
. ,

,
,
,
.
,

, ob 30

1850

1830- .

, (

). 1840-

160

- . . .

// . 1874. 2. . 569.
" ^ - ,

1920 1930- .

407
406

III.

,
. 1850-
162. 1850-
,

.

, ,
,
, ,
, ;
, ,
. ,
(
)
.
,
,
(
),
,
, , ,
, .
,
, ,
,
.
,
,
.
, ,
, .
.

162 0 . . .
.. // . -,
. 1853. . 12, . 12. . . . 65.

,


.

,
,
.
:
I


<
! ', , .
.

409


( )

X IX
,
.
,

.

,
.
,
.
,

.
, 1840- .
,
,

.
,
,
.
.
;
(
1854 .), , ,
.

, 1848 .
, , ,
. , ,
,

.


,
.


.
.


, -
. ,
,
.


, , .

, , ,
.
.

,
.

, .
,
.
,
.
, ,
. ,
,
.
(

1830 . 1849 .), -

410


.



, , ,
.

. I,
I, II

. ,
,
.

, ,
.

.
, ,
, .
.
,
.
,
,

, ,
,
, ,
.
, (
, )
. ,
- ,
,

( )

41 1

.
,
-. ,
,

, .

,
.
,
. -,

, .

.
-,

,
.

,
.
,
.

.

1830-
1840-,
1850-
.


.
.
, ,
, .
(, ,
) .

(
4 ) 2

415



,
.

,
.

.
( )
,
.
,
, .

.
,

.
, X IX
,
.
,

.
,

.
.
,

,
,
( , ,
)
. ,
,

.

1860- ,
,
,

.
-
,
.
,
.
. ,
,
.
,
,
.
,
(
,
),
X IX .
, ,
. , ,

. , X IX ,

.
,
.

,
.
,
. (
) .

41 5
SUM M ARY

S ummary

P a r tn e r s A

cross

cean:

UNiTEd S ta t e s ANd R u ssia , 1 8 7 0 s 1 8 5 0 s

The book examines relations between the Russian Empire and


the Am erican Republic at the tim e when they w ere m arked
counterintuitively by a virtual alliance. Th e author offers a
comprehensive survey o f the sources o f this friendship between the
two states whose domestic political systems were evolving as diametrical
opposites. Drawing from his extensive research in the numerous Russian
and U S archives he traces the diplom atic, technical, and personal
exchanges between the two countries.
The book is divided into three parts. Part I is devoted to RussianAmerican relations at the interstate level.In two chapters the diplomacy
o f 1832 1860 is analyzed, with the watershed marked by European
revolutions o f l 848 1849. The Russian Empire during that time proved
to be the best ally o f the U nited States in its search fo r a better
position in the world system. Being the only great power that supported
A m ericas global ambitions as early as the 1840s, Russia helped the
United States establish new diplom atic ties and improve its standing
in East Asia. M ost importantly, the author documents how Russia
assisted the U nited States with m odifying the international system
itself in pursuit o f its national interests. The third chapter is the
account o f Russian-American co-operation in technology development.
The Russian government from the 1830s through 1850s built its best
steamships in the U S A , invited Am erican engineers to construct its
first long railway between M oscow and St.Petersburg, and reformed
its water transport and weapons production after the American model.
Much o f this material is newly found by the author. This research also
exemplified Russia s modernization from above, when the introduction
o f a proven technological solution borrowed from abroad each time
turned out to be more attractive than the development o f local inventions.

Part II o f the book is the analysis o f the first-hand accounts o f


those rare Americans and Russians that happened to visit the^other^
country. Tw o chapters in this part are devoted, respectively, to
in Russia and Russians in Am erica.The diplom atic represented
the United States in Russia played a vital role in shaping the i^
of
Russia among the American public, while Russian engineers who visited
the United States considered it their task to bring back as many good
models as it was possible to apply in their homeland.
f
In Part I I I the author deals with the evolution o f stereotype.
Russia in the United States and o f the U nited States in Russia. There
were several themes discussed in both societies that helpedI Russi.
and Americans understand their com m on problems serfdom and
slavery territorial expansion, even the apparent exclusion o f both
from Europe. A t the same time, there were several features o f national
development that made the two societies different: democracy^vers
autocracy and freedom o f the press versus censorshi p Chapter 6 is
devoted to the common features in the two countries while ch ap er7
to contrasting elements o f the two countries .mages Russta and the
United States represented mirror images o f each other sfears; and
hopes, the latter sometimes becom ing significant both politically and
in terms o f shaping each other s national identities. H ow ever the
conclusions derived from the juxtaposition and comparison o f the two
always obvious.
. . hp United
Thus, fo r instance, the absence o f censorship in the Unite
States in the situation o f growing public tensions kdtotheestablis
ei
o f some kind o f self-censorship . General public tended to refrain
from discussing hot issues (such as abolitionists propaganda) m
order to keep tensions low. That is why some Americans learned to
use Russian-style Aesopian language to have the public connect

c o u n tr ie s w e r e n o t

W it h M

u,hor argues f t * he study o f relations between


Russia and the United States from around 1830 to 1860 is much more
important for the development o f both countries than it is usually
recognized. However, the hard reality o f modernization challenges tha
Russia faces at the beginning o f the 21 century
Russian response was flawed in important respects Hopefully, the study
o f previous attempts will warn us from repetition o f the same mistakes.

417

. 133. .
. 170. .
-

[ ..] . 1839
1840 . . . 253 .
[ ..]
1839 1840 .
. . 306 .
[ ..]
1839 1840 .
. . 196 .
[ ..]
- .
. . 4 .
. 13. 664 ., .
. 4. . 5.
. 308 .

. 38. .
. 503. .

National Archives and Record Service

Washington, D .C .

. 18. ,

. 560.
. 772.
. 1018 ..
. 1341.1
-
-

. 26. .. .
. 163. .
. 283. .
. 1191. .
. 1226. On. 1.

- .
-
-

. 2. (1804 1922).
. 85. .

(N A R S )

Record Group (R G ) 59, General Records of the Department of State.


Diplomatic Instructions o f the Department o f State (D I). Russia,
Microcopy (M ) 77. Roll (R ) 136. Vol. 14. Jan. 2, 1833 Dec. 27, 1864.
DI. Great Britain (18291906). R. 73. M. 99.
DI. France (18291906). Vol. 15. R. 54,
DI. Special Missions (18231906). Vol. }. R. 152153.
Despatches from United States Ministers to Russia, 18081906 (DD,
Russia), M. 35. R. 13-19. October 13, 1834 - May 6, 1863.
Despatches from United States Ministers to France. M. 34. R. 34.
Notes from the Russian Legation in the United States to the
Department o f State, 18091906, M. 39. R. 23. Vols. 25. Apr. 12,1826
Dec. 31,1864. M. 77.
Notes to foreign legations in the United States from the Department
o f State, 1834-1906. M. 99. Russia. R. 82.
Consular Despatches.
Despatches from US Consuls in Odessa, Russia, 1831 1906. M. 459.
Despatches from US Consuls in St. Petersburg, Russia, 1803 1906. M. 81.

Library o f Congress Manuscript Division.


Washington, D.C.
Andrew Jackson Donelson Papers.

418

419

James Knox Polk Papers.


John M. Clayton Papers.
William Learned Marcy Papers.
The Papers o f Adam G. De Gurowski.
The Papers o f the Stevenson Family.
Dr. Charles Ross Parke: Diary, 185566.
The Issac Draper, Jr. Collection.
Pennel Whistler Collection.

Historical Society o f Pennsylvania
Philadelphia

.
.
- .
Globe (1830-1841)
Madisonian (1837 1845).
National Intelligencer (1841 1855).
New York Tribune (1848 1854)
N iles National Register (1830 1848).
Times (1841 1855).
Union (1845 1859).

James Buchanan Papers.

Connecticut Historical Society


Hartford

//

Henry Barnard Papers.


Papers o f Samuel Colt.
Thomas H. Seymour Papers.

Massachusetts Historical Society


Boston

Andrew C. Wheelwright Diary, 1847 1852.


Chauncey Fitch Letters, 183943.
Gray and Morse Records, 1835 1861.
Osgood Carney Journal and Letterbook, 183134.
Horatio Robinson Storer Papers, 1829 1943.

National Archives o f Canada


Ottawa, Canada

Papers o f Lord Elgin. Microfilmed for the Public Archives o f Canada


by the National Library o f Scotland, Edinburgh. Rolls A 396, A 397.
,
, -
Rauner Library, Dartmouth College
Hanover, N .H .

Papers o f Daniel Webster.


Papers o f Daniel Webster. Microfilm Edition / Ed. Ch.Wiltse. New
Hampshire, 1970.
George Ticknor papers. Lindenau, B.A., von. Letters to Ticknor.

1839. Ns 3. . . 118 120.



- . 1857 //
, -
. 1857. 4. . . . . 135 1.

( ) // , - . 1857. 2.
. . . . 179184.

// . 1840. . 41.
. 111. . . 45-74.
// ,
, , , , ,
.. .. . 1855.
130 143 163.
. //
, , ,
, , ..
. . 1855. . 130. . 205292.
^
, , -,
// . 1842. . 52. 5. .

//
. 1838. . 27. . . VII. . . 96-104.
,
// . 1842. . 51. . . 90
6.

420

. // ,
, , , , ,
. . .. . 1855.
. 130. . 164-204.

. //
. 1858. . 2. 6. . . 1 (
). . 263279.
. //
. 1858. . VI (). 1. . . 144; 2. . . 8395;
. 2. 4. . . 1-18; 5. . . 53-70; 1860. . 7. 1. .
. 1230; 2. . . 5575; 3. . . 131146; 4. . 8.
. . 1-17; 5. . . 109-124; 6. . . 125-140.
.
// . 1858. 1. . . 1 (
). . 2040.
.
// . 1858. 1. . . II. . 4287.

. //
. 1859. . 6. 3. . . . 295296.
X.
// . 1858. . 1. 2.
. . . 596600.

. //
, ,
,
. 1836. . 1. . III. . 614615.

-
// . 1856. . 13. 26. . 206208.
//
. 1856. . 1. 18. . 143144.

. -
// :
, . 1858. . . . II. . 250274.
. //
: ,
. 1858. . III. . I. . 1550.

421


- //
. 1857. . 26. 10 (). . V. . 5556.



. ,
, //
. 1841. . 1, . 4. . 288319.
(
Revue Britannique ) //
. 1842. . 1,. 1. . . 2579.
[ 1]. (
1) // . 1838.
. . 3, . 4. . 328339.

[ 1].
( 1) // .
1839. . . 3, . 1. . 8990.
[ 1]. (
1) // . 1839. .
. 3, . 1. . 9 0 -9 1 .
,
[ . .] (
) / / . 1841. 1. 3, . .

J ____J | ( J

[ ..1 (
) // . 1841. . 3, . 2. . 135 206, . .
[ . .]
- (
) // i .
.
. 2, . 1. . 15-85; . 2. . 95-197; . 3. . 209-265; . 4. . 285-374,
3 1. . 170; . 2. . 85156.
[ . .] ,
. , (
) ,//
. 1841. . 3, . 4. . 285 362.

[ . .]. // :
. 1858. 1 . 29. . 233 -25 .


//
. 1850. . 3. 5. . . 448 449.

422

. // . 1861. . 55.
10. . . . 278-299.
. . //
. 1860. . 48. 9. . . 92105.
.
// . 1859. . 43. 10. . . 89 111.
. , //
. 1859. . 39. 1. . . . 3135.
.
// . 1860. . 48. 9. . . . 460482.
.
. //
. 1852. . 7. 4. . 395-398.
.
. - //
. 1852. . 7. 4. . 417-419.
. // . 1853. . 10. 11. .
. . 494504.
. - // 1854. . 11. 1.
. -. . 7386.
. ,
, // . 1853. . 10.
9. . 220-225.
. //
. 1854. . 12. 7. . -. . 254280; 8.
. 313-321.
.
// . 1860. . 47. 7. . 375401; 8. . 155184.
. [ .]
// . 1851. . 5. 6. . 482500.
[ .] -
// . 1858. . 38. 11. .
. . 87 114; 12. . .
. 195-206.
- //
1849. . 2. 8. . . 560-562.
(
) 1 //
. 1858. . 35. 6. . . . 437-463.
- 1852 //
. 1853. . 9. 1. . 54-59.
-,
-, 9/21 1858 ., ,
// . 1858. . 38. 11. .
. . 117.

42?

. .
// . 1853 9_ 6_ 520-523.
// . 1851. . 6. 10. . 348-349.
[ . . ] . . -
// . 1856. . 20. . . . 149157.
[ . ] ,
( . . - , 1838 .) //
1856. . 21. 5. . . . 187190.
[ . . ]
( . - 1837
1838 .) // . 1856. . 21. 5. . . . 173 186.
- //
. 1858. . 35. 6. . . . 465-474 ().
[ ., -] Niagara -
( 1- . .
) // . 1857. . 32. 11. . . . 148-211
().
. -
( -) / / . 1857.
. 31. 9 (). . . 2229.
. -
// . 1851. . 6. 10. . 314343.
//
. 1852. . 8. 10. . 332334.
Excelsior [ . . ]. / / .
1858. . 38. 11. . . . 125; 1859. . 41. 5.
. . . 131; 6. . .
. 189-241.

.
// . 1841. . 1. . 219296.

/ / . 1839.
. 1. 1. . . VIII. . . 43.
. //
. 1843. . 29. 8. . . VIII. . . 7891.
. - //
: - ,
. 1847. . 52. 5 (). . II. . 150; . 53. N 7 ().
. II. . 151; . 53. 8 (). . II. . 55124.
;
. . / / . 1859. . 124.
5. . 1. . 111144; 6. . 1. . 433454.

4 2 4

//
. 1857. . 110. 2 (). . IV (). , 124132.
//
. 1845. . 40. 5. . . VIII. . . 1033.
// . 1859. . 124.
6. . . 5357.
- //
: - . 1850. . 72. 9.
. VIII. . 1-28.
. . , // . 1854.
. 92. 12. . II. . . 91124.
[ ..].
// . 1839. . 3. . 2. . 5470.
- .
// . 1858. . 119. 7. . 1.
. 163-184.
//
. 1841. . 17. 8. . . II. . 3961.
// . 1842.
. 23. 7. . . VIII. . . 1-15.
[ .]
1847 1848 (
, 3-
, 4- ) //
. 1851. . 75. . VIII. . 146165.
- //
. 1839. . 3. 5. . . VIII. . 8386.

.. .
.. // . -,
. 1853. . 12, . 12. . . . 6576.
.. , // .
, . 1854. . 13, . 1. .
. 79-108; . 2. . . 93-114; . 14, . 4.

// . 1858. . 13.
. . 2. . . 351357.
- 1854 1855
// . 1856. . 2. . . 1. .
. 18-30.

425

- . I.
. II. // .
1856. . 2. . . 2. ( 8). . . 259-270; . 3.
. . 1. . . 1 17.
//
. 1856. . 4. . . 2. . . 65-72.
.. //
. 1 8 5 6 . . 3 . . 3 8 5 4 1 6 ; . 4 . . 2 3 9 2 7 8 .
- //
. 1858. . 13. . . 2. . : 357362.
// . 1856. . 2. . . 1.
. . 1 30.

.. . -
// . . 19. 1859. . . 1. . 40443 .
. . //
. 1859. . . 20, . 1. . 2360.
t ii _ ^
v
. . III. -
// . . 21.1859. .
582-612.

. // . . 18.1858. . . 18,
. 1. . 462473.
-
- [] . // -
. 1854.28 . 92.

- [] . ( // - . 1854.
7 . 147.

. // . 1856.
26 . 262; 27 . 263; 28 . 264.
. // . 1856.
15 . 5 8 ; 30 . 73; 12 . 84.
.
// . 1856. 3 . 2/.

//
. 1849. . 16. 8. . . IV ( ).
2750
. // : .
1856. . 56. 3. . 114-140; 4. . 237-258; . 57. 6. . 237 262
//
. 1857. 4 (). . VII. . 65 104.

426

[ .] - . . //
. 1849. . 16. 7. . . V (). . 5397; 8. .
. 189-227.
:
// . 1853. . 38. 34. . II ( ).
. 59-74.
.. ,
// . 1849.
. 15. . . II ( ). . 132.
.
. IV. // . 1849. . 14. 3. . . V
(). . 122.
[ ..] // . 1858.
10. . . . . 272282.
. . 1857 // .
1858. . 68. 4. . . 1. . 333-372.

// . 1849. . 15. 5. . . V (). . 86 111.
// .
1849. . 18. 11. . . V (). . 133.

: //
. 1849. . 14. 4. . . II ( ).
. 69-102.

- //
, . 1836.
. 180. . 172-192.
[ .] ,

. // . 1857. 16.
. 365-367.
-
: // : ,
. 1856. 2. 15 .
. //
: ,
. . 1838. . 1. . III. .
. 153-176.
- // : ,
, , . 1852. . 9. . . 19.

427

// : , ,
, . 1844. 11. . . 325337.


. //
1846 . . 1. .-
: . , 1846. . . 75 77.

. // -

. - . 1847. . 13. . 6. . . 1 1 .
American Annals o f Education
Education and Efforts for Education in Russia 11 American Annals
o f E d u c a tio n . 1 8 3 9 .

November.

P. 481 497.

American Journal o f Education


Military System and Education in Russia // American Journal o f
Education. 1864. Vol. 14. P. 503512.
American Whig Review
Annexation // American Whig Review. 1845. Vol. 2. 5. P. 452457.
G .W .P. Russia [Rev.: Maxwell J. The Czar, His Court and People,
Including a tour in Norway and Sweden. N ew York: Baker and Scribner,
1848] // American Whig Review. 1848. Vol. 7. 5. P. 493-507.
T h e P o l i c y o f Non- I n t e r v e n t i o n / / A m e r i c a n Whig R e v i e w . 1 8 5 2 . Vol. 1 5 .
85. P. 1-10.
, ,
T
f
Russian Ambition [Rev.: Historical View o f the Languages o f the
Slavic Nations, with a Sketch o f their Popular Poetry. By Tsdvi. N ew York.
G .P.Putnam , 1850] // Am erican W hig Review. 1850. V ol. 12. 36
(December). P. 616633.
Atlantic Monthly
Emancipation in Russia/ / Atlantic Monthly. 1861.July.Vol. 8. 45.

3 9 _5 7

[Taylor B.] Between Europe and Asia // Atlantic Monthly. 1865


Vol. 1 5 . 8 7 . P . 8 2 0 .
[Taylor B.] Winter Life in St. Petersburg // Atlantic Monthly. 1865
(July). Vol. 16. 93. P. 3446.
.
[W hite A .D .] The Development and Overthrow o f the Russian bertSystem//Atlantic Monthly. 1862. November. Vol. 10. 61. P. 538-552.

(Ja n u a ry ).

Church Review
Rev. Mr. Young s Visit to the Russian Church // Church Review:
the American Quarterly. 1864/65. Vol. 16. P. 637642.

428

De Bows Southern and Western Review

[Duncan W.C.] The Empire o f Russia // De Bows Southern and


Western Review. 1851. Vol. 1(11). 5. November. P. 445-462; N 6. December
P. 549-569.
[Fitzhugh G.] Acquisition o f Mexico Filibustering // De Bows
Review. 1858. December. Vol. 1(25). 6. P. 613626.
[Fitzhugh G.] Bayard Taylors Travels in Greece and Russia // De Bows
Southern and Western Review. 1859. December. Vol. 27. 6. P. 648656.
[Fitzhugh G.] Southern Thought // De Bows Review. 1857. October
Vol. 23. 4. P. 337-349.
Holmes G.F. Ancient Slavery // De Bows Review. 1855. December
Vol. 19. 6. P. 617-637.
The Railways o f Russia // De Bows Southern and Western Review
1853. Vol. 15. 3. P. 279-281.
Harpers New Monthly Magazine

[Guernsey A.H.] Pictures o f the Russians // Harpers New Monthly


Magazine. 1855. Vol. 11. 64. P. 433455.
[Guernsey A.H.] The Steppes, Odessa and the Crimea // Harpers
New Monthly Magazine. 1854. Vol. 9. 49 (June). P. 120.
[ Miller J.E.JATrip to Caucasus // Harpers New Mont lily Magazine.
1863 (May). Vol. 26. 156. P. 792803.
Recollections o f St Petersburg // Haipers New Monthly Magazine
1852. Vol. 4. 22. P 447-457.
The Russian Czar at a Public Ball // Harpers New Monthly Magazine
1852. Vol. 4. 24. P. 828830.
Young Russia State o f Society in the Russian Empire // Harpers
new monthly magazine. 1850 (July). Vol. 1. 2. P. 269271.
International Magazine o f Literature, Art, and ScieHce

Religious Sects and Socialism in Russia // International Magazine o f


Literature, Art, and Science. 1850. November 1. Vol. 1. 4A. P. 461463.
Sceintific Discoveries and Proceedings o f Learned Societies
//International Magazine o f Literature, Art, and Science. 1851 Vol 4 N 4
P. 571-572.
Ladies Repository: a Monthly Periodical, Devoted to Literature, Arts, and
Religion

Russian Slaveholding // Ladies Repository: a Monthly Periodical,


Devoted to Literature, Arts, and Religion. 1854. Vol. 14 N 9 September
P. 403-406.
New Englander and Yale Review

Caucasus//New Englander and Yale Review. 1851 (February) Vol 9


33. P. 88-109.

429

North American Review

Andersons Observations in Greece [Rev.: Anderson R . Observations


upon the Peloponnesus and the Greek Islands, made in 1829. Boston, 183 ]
// North A m e ric a n Review. 1832 (January). Vol. 34. 74. P. 16.
Atkinsons Regions of the Amoor [Rev.: Atkinson T W . Travels to
the Regions o f the Upper and Lower Amoor and the Russian Acquisitions
of the Confines of India and China. New York: Harper and Brothers,
18601 // North American Review. 1861 (A pril). Vol. 92, 191. P. 585 586.
[Motley J .L .] Peter the Great // North American Review. 1845. October.
Vol. 61. 129. P. 269-319.
.
The Revolution in Prussia // North Am erican Review. 1849. Vol. 6S.
P. 220260.
.
r,
Schamyl and the War in the Caucasus / / North American Review.
1855 (October). Vol. 81. 169. P. 389-413.
xT . .
Serfdom and Em ancipation Laws in R u s sia // N orth A m erica
Review. 1865. Vol. 105. 216. P. 41-88.
Slavery in Russia // North American Review. 1856. Apnl. Vol. 82. N. 171.
P. 293-318.
Putnamss M o n th ly magazine o f American Literature, Science, and Art

Causes and Consequences of the Russian W ar // Putnamss Monthly


magazine of American Literature, Science, and Art. 1854 (November). Vol. 4.
22. P. 417433; 23. 537550.
.
The C zar and the Sultan / / Putnam s M onthly. A Magazine oi
Literature, Science, and Art. 1854 (M ay). Vol. 3. 17. P. 502-505.
Scientific American: the Advocate o f Industry, and Journal o f Scientific,
Mechanical and Other Improvements

Th e W inans Steamer in Course o f C onstruction at Baltim ore

11Scientific American. 1858. November 6. Vol. 14. 9. P. 65-66.


Southern Literary Messenger

Destiny of Russia 11Southern Literary Messenger; Devoted to Every


Department o f Literature and the Fine Arts. 1853. Vo l. 19. 1. January.
p A |_AQ
'
A Few Thoughts on Slavery (Speech of M r. Sumner, of Massachusetts,
against the Repeal of the Missouri Compromise. In Senate, February
,
S . Commentin' ) // Southern Utentty Messenger Devoted Ery
Department of Literature and the Fine Arts. 1854. Apnl. Vol. 20. N_ . .
R . . H . White and Black Slavery // Southern L i t e r a r y Messenger,
Devoted to Every Department o f Literature and the Fine Arts. 1840. March.
Vol. 6. 3. P. 193-200.
Southern Quarterly Review

Russia // Southern Quarterly Review. 1855. July. Vol. 12. 1. P. 3751.

450

The Russo-Turkish Campaigns, Etc. // Southern Quarterly Review.


1855. April. Vol. 11. 2. R 382-398.
United States Magazine and Democratic Review

Absolutism Versus Republicanism. The State o f Europe // United


States Magazine and Democratic Review. 1852 (NovemberDecember)
Vol. 31. 173. P. 592-600.
C[ambreleng ..]. New Notes on Russia, by a Recent Visitor
// United States Magazine and Democratic Review. 1842 (August) Vol 11
50. P. 151-160.
Christianity Islamism // United States Magazine and Democratic
Review. 1855 (November). Vol. 36. 5. P. 375381.
Circassia and the Caucasus // United States Magazine and Democratic
Review. 1852 (October). Vol. 31. 172. P. 301304.
Civilization and Commerce in China Russia and the United States
// United States Magazine and Democratic Review. 1858 (November) Vol 42
5. P. 337-357.
The Crisis in Europe. Intervention o f the United States // United
States Magazine and Democratic Review. 1852 (May, June). Vol 30 167
P. 401-425; 168. P. 554-569.
The Czar o f Russia // United States Magazine and Democratic Review.
1855 (January). Vol. 35. 1. P. 113.
Eighteen-Fifty-Two and the Presidency // United States Magazine
and Democratic Review. 1852 (January). Vol. 30. 163. P. 1 12.
Everett A.H. The Texas Question. A letter from Alexander H. Everett
to the Editor o f the Democratic Review // United States Magazine and
Democratic Review. 1844 (September). Vol. 15. 75. P. 250-270.
The Fall o f Sebastopol // United States Magazine and Democratic
Review. 1855 (March). Vol. 35. 3. P. 204209.
A Few Facts in Regard to Nicholas o f Russia // United States Magazine
and Democratic Review. 1855 (March). Vol. 35. 3. P. 225234.
Financial and Commercial Review // United States Magazine and
Democratic Review. 1846 (November). Vol. 19. 101. P. 401407.
Influence o f European on Asiatic Civilisation // United States
Magazine and Democratic Review. 1844. Vol. 15. 73. P. 6272.
Our Foreign Ministers // United States Magazine and Democratic
Review. 1852 (NovemberDecember). Vol. 31. 173. P. 420432.
Peace and War // United States Magazine and Democratic Review.
1839 (March). Vol. 5. 15.
Political Portraits. No. XIV. Churchill Caldom Cambreleng // United States
Magazine and Democratic Review. 1839. Vol. 6. 2 (August). P. 144158.
Political Portraits with Pen and Pencil. No. XXVIII. George M. Dallas
//United States Magazine and Democratic Review. 1842 (February) Vol 10
44. P. 158-166.

45 1

Political Portraits with Pen and Pencil. No. X X X III. Churchill


C. Cambreleng o f New York // United States Magazine and Democratic
Review. 1842. Vol. 11. 51 (September). P. 284287.
Political Portraits with Pen and Pencil. No. XXXV. James Buchanan
// United States Magazine and Democratic Review. 1842 (December). Vol. 11.
54. P. 650-651.
^^
w
.
Practical Reform Alexander o f Russia // United States Magazine
and Democratic Review. 1858 (December). Vol. 42. 6. P. 464-475.
Retrospective View o f the State o f European Politics, Especially ot
Germany, Since the Last Congress o f Vienna // United States Magazine
and Democratic Review. 1837 (October). Vol. 1. 1. P. 123 142.
Russia and the Anglo-French Alliance // United States Magazine and
Democratic Review. 1855 (April). Vol. 35. 4. P. 237 247.
Tour to the Caucasus [Rev.: Ditson G.L. Circassia; or, A Tour to
the Caucasus. New York: Stringer Tounsend, London: T.C. Newby 1850]
// United States Magazine and Democratic Review. 1850 (February). Vol. _6.
140. P. 164-173.
.
Turkey and Russia// United States Magazine and Democratic Review.
1854 (June). Vol. 33. 9. P. 353375.
Turkey, Russia, Circassia // United States Magazine and Democratic
Review. 1852 (August). Vol. 31. 170. P. 163-166.
What Next? // United States Magazine and Democratic Review. 1855
(June). Vol. 35. 6. P. 493-495.

. [
] // . 1936.
(76).
X IX . ( - ) / . .. , . .: ,
1989.96 .
- ..
. . , 20 1861 . (. .) /
.. // , 1989. .:
, 1990. . 244248.
A Compilation o f the Messages and Papers o f the Confederacy,
including the Diplomatic Correspondence 1861 1865 / Ed. James
D Richardson. 2 vols. Nashville, US Publishing CO., 1906.
A Compilation o f the Messages and Papers o f the Presidents: 1789
1897 / Ed. James D. Richardson. 10 vols. Wash., 1902.
Barnes J.J., Barnes P.P. Private and Confidential: Letters from British
Ministers in Washington to the Foreign Secretaries in London, 184467.

4?2

iS M S J U r 'Press;l'donand00,0:
1955 x

ni ;

M . ,h e - 1 8 5 3 "

P a d fc " a

Q ^ t o ly .

th p Bntish D cuen,s on Foreign Affairs: Reports and Papers from


the Foreign O ffice Confidential Print. Part 1. From the M id - Nineteenth
Century to the First W orld War. Ser. C. North America, 1837-1914 / Ed.
Kenneth Bourne. University Publications o f America, 1986.
Vol. 1. M cLeod and Maine, 1837 1842. X X III, 364 p.
Vol. 2. Oregon and Texas, 1842 1848. X V II, 473 p.

4H

Treaties and Other International Agreements o f the United States


o f America, 1776 1949 / Comp, under the direction o f Charles I. Bevans.
Vols. 5-12.
U.S. Congress. The Congressional Globe: 23"* Congress to 42ndCongress.
2 December 1833 3 March 1873. Washington, 1834 1873. 36 vols. Vols. 125.
,

.. .
. - // . . .:

the U n i t e d W / r and Stf iSrtiCcal ACC Unt f the foreign Commerce o f


1976 t t 190 P
P'
Homans, Jr. N ew York: A m o Press,

, 1985. . 669678.
. . (? ) //
. . 61. I. .: - , 1953. . 242247.
.. . .: 3 . . 2. . 1859. .:
, 1987. 816 .
.. . .: , 1979. 440 .
[ . .]
, 1841
1870- // . . . .. - ,
, . .: , 2003. . 151398.
. . .
. .-: . ,
, 1835. 98 ., .
.. . . .
// . . 62. II. .: -

, 1955. . 591-603.
.. : . .:

a t7V,01' 4' T,hne Central American Question, Recruitment Crisis Trade


and Fisheries, 1849-1857. XXV, 477 p

1 7 8 4 -^ ? o T p H Cw 0prrS POndenCie f the Unked States; Canadian delations.


1/84 1860 / Ed. W.R.Manning. 4 vols. Washington (D. C .) 1940-1945
A
ffa ir e 1831
1 ^ I860
^ /Ed.
8
^ - thC
UnitCd
StatCS; (D
Inter-American
Affairs.
W.R.Manmng.
12 vols.
Washington
. C.), 1936
J S r S S T A 1
A uCriCan MiniSter in Berlin 0,1 the E vo lu tio n
P 355-373
//Amencan Histoncal Review. 1918 (January). Vol. 23. 2.
Uni0nF 1 9 3 3 ^ m f w T b fti le U^ ed States D iP c Papers: the Soviet
a
if
Washington: Government Printing Office, 1952 1034 d

'JaJ0S S S:> ed; Documents on Russian-Ameridan Relations. Washington

1965 4 pWCr WaSh,n8t n D C : The Catholic University of America pfess,

, 1988. 464.
.. . 2-, . . .: ,

rr; li,HlLf " arrtZe,\ C tRJ <? e" eral Directions to all masters o f American Ships
trading to Cronstadt, which they are advised to read with attention and
recommend to the strict notice o f their mates. Cronstadt, 1837. 24 p.
Le Due . . That Rumor o f Russian Intrigue in 1837 // Canadian
Historical Review. 1942. Vol. 23. 4 (December). P. 398400. [
. . 1838 1839 ]
[Marcy W .L ] Diary and Memoranda o f William L. Marcy, 184 9-

1989.624 .
4
,
The American Image o f Russia, 1775-1917 / Ed. by Eugene Anschel.
N ew York: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co, 1974. xii, 260 p.
Blau J L , ed. S ocia l T h e o rie s o f Jacksonian D em o cra cy;
Representative Writings O f The Period 1825-1850. N ew York: Hafner
Publishing Co., 1947. xxviii,, 383 p.
Bonham M.L. Ante-Bellum Southerners in Russia// Journal o f Southern

p 641^-653enCan

Histoiy. 1937. May. Vol. 3. 2. P. 190-195.


Bryant W .C. Power and Sanity: Selected editorials o f W illiam Cullen
Bryant, 1829 1861 / Compiled and annotated by W.C.Bryant, II. N ew
York: Fordham University Press, 1994. xxv, 394 p.
Buchanan J. The Works o f James Buchanan, Comprising his Speeches,
State Papers, and Private Correspondence / Ed. by John Bassett Moore.
12 vols.Philadelphia: Lippincott Co., 1908 1911.
[Calhoun J.C.] The Papers o f John C.Calhoun / Ed. by Robert
L. Meriwether et al. Columbia, 19592001. 26 vols.

St nCal Review- Vo1- 24- 1919. April. P. 444-462; July.

Statement o f the Origin, Organization and Progress o f the


OveST nH t mCnCanR T elegra p h W estern U n io n Extension, C o llin s
Overland Line via Behring Strait and Asiatic Russia to Europe. Collated
of
u O fficial Documents on File in the Russian Bureau
o f the Western U nion Telegraph Company, by Order o f the board o f
S s T lS fp

StCr; * Evenin8 Express book and job printing office,

454

Clay . . The Life o f Cassius Marcellus Clay: Memoirs, Writings,


and Speeches, Showing his Conduct in the Overthrow o f American Slavery,
the Salvation o f the Union, and the Restoration o f the Autonomy o f the
States, Vol. 1. Cincinnati: J. Fletcher Brennan, 1886.
[Clay H .] The Papers o f Henry Clay / Ed. by James F.Hopkins.
Lexington: University Press o f Kentucky, 1959 1991. 10 vols.
[Cobden R.]. The Political Writings o f Richard Cobden. In 2 v. London:
W illiam Ridgway; N ew York: D. Appleton Co, 1867.
Darby W. The Northern Nations o f Europe, Russia and Poland, being
a compilation o f the series o f essays on the subject, as they appeared in the
columns o f the National Intelligencer, over the signature o f Tacitus.
Chillicothe: printed for the author by S.W.Ely, 1841. 100 p.
Everett E. Orations and Speeches on Various Occasions, by Edward
Everett. Boston: Little, Brown, and Co, 1868. Vol. 2, 4.
Fillmore M. Millard Fillmore Papers / Ed. by Frank H.Severance. 2 vols.
/ Publications o f the Buffalo Historical Society. Vols. 10, 11. Buffalo (N . Y .),
1970 (repr.; 1st publ. 1907).
Jackson A . Correspondence o f Andrew Jackson / Ed. by John
Spencer Bassett. 7 vols. W ashington, D C : Carnegie Institution o f
Washington, 1926 1935.
Ley F. La Russie, Paul de Krudener et les Soulevements Nationaux,
1814 1858 (d apres de nombreux documents inedits). [Paris]: Hachette,
1971.319 .
[Lieven D ] Letters o f Dorothea, Princess Lieven, During H er
Residence In London, 1812 1834 / Ed. by Lyonel G. Robinson. L.; N ew
York: Longmans, Green, and Co, 1902. 414 p.
Life and Letters o f Bayard Taylor / Ed. by Marie Hausen Taylor
and Horace E. Scudder. 2 vols. Boston: Houghton M ifflin, 1884.
Mackenzie W .L. The Selected Writings o f William Lion Mackenzie.
1824 1837 / Ed. by Margaret Fairley. Toronto, 1960.
M otley J.L. The Com plete Works o f John L. Motley. Vol. 1, 2.
Correspondence. N ew York: Kelmscott Society Publishers, 1900.
Motley J.L. The Correspondence o f John Lothrop Motley / Ed. by George
William Curtis. Vol. 1, 2. New York: Harpers and Brothers, 1900. 350 p.
Nesselrode, Comte de, Chancelier. Lettres et Papiers. 1760 1856.
Extraits de ses archives. T. 9. 1847 1850. Paris, 1904.
[Polk J.K.] Correspondence o f James K. Polk / Ed. by Herbert Weaver.
Vols. 5, 6. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, 1979 1983.
[Russell J.] The Later Correspondence o f Lord John Russell, 1840 1878
/ Ed. by G.P. Gooch. In 2 vols. New York: Longmans, Green and Co, 1925.
Schuyler G .L. Letter to the Hon. W . Gwin, member o f Congress
from Mississippi, Concerning the Steam Ship Kamschatka. N ew York,
1843.16 p.

45?

Steers D., comp. Silas Enoch Burrows, 1794 1870: His Life and
Letters. A Com pilation o f M aterial, Gathered from M any Sources,
Concerning a Rather Unusual Man. Chester, Conn.. Pequot Pi ess, 1971.
xviii, 432 p.
[Stevens .] The Selected Papers o f Thaddeus Stevens / Ed. by Beverly
Wilson Palmer. 2 vols. Pittsburgh: University o f Pittsburgh Press, 1997 1998.
Tyler L.G. The Letters and Times o f the Tylers. 3 vols. Vols 12. Richmond:
Whittet and Sheppeison, 1884-1885. Vol. 3. Williamsburg, Va., 1896.
The Unpublished Letters o f Bayard Taylor in the Huntington Library
/ Ed. by John Richie Schultz. San Marino, Cal.: Huntington Library, 1937.
xxvi, 231 p.
[Webster D.J The Great Speeches and Orations o f Daniel Webster:
With an Essay on Daniel Webster As a Master o f English Style by Edwin
P.Whipps.Boston: Little, Brown, 1879. 707 p.
[Webster D.] The Letters o f Daniel Webster: From Documents Owned
Principally by the N ew Hampshire Historical Society / Ed. by C .H .V an
Tyne.N ew York: McClure, Philips Co. 1902. X X II, 769 p.
[Webster D .] The Papers o f Daniel Webster. Series 1. Correspondence
/ Ed. Charles M. Wiltse. Hanover (N .H .): University Press o f N ew England.
7 vols. 1974-1986.
[Webster D.] The Papers o f Daniel Webster. Series 2. Legal Papers
/ Eds. Alfred S. Konefsky and Andrew J. King. Hanover (N .H .): University
Press o f N ew England. 3 vols. 1982 1989.
[Webster D .] The Papers o f Daniel Webster. Series 3. Diplomatic
Papers / Ed. Kenneth E. Shewmaker. Hanover (N . H .): University Press o f
New England. 2 vols. 1983 1987.
[Webster D .] The Papers o f Daniel Webster. Series 4. Speeches and
Formal Writings / Ed. Charles M. Wiltse. Hanover (N . H.): University Press
o f N ew England. 2 vols. 1986 1987.
[Webster D .] The Works o f Daniel Webster. 8th ed. 6 vols Boston:
Little, Brown and Co., 1854.
[Webster D.] The Writings and Speeches o f Daniel Webster. National
Edition. 18 vols. / Ed. by J.W.McIntire. Boston: Little, Brown Co. 1903.
Whistler on Art: Selected Letters and Writings o f James M cN eill
Whistler / Edited and introduced by N igel Thorp. Washington, DC:
Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994. xxiv, 184 p.
Wright E.H. Letters from St. Petersburg, 1850-1851 // Proceedings
o f the N ew Jersey Historical Society. 1964 (April). Vol. 82. 2. P. 75 100;
3. P. 153-179.
, ,

. . .: , 1988. 752 .
[ ..] .. . 1862 1865
// . 1910. . 3, . 11. . 385442.

4 56

. . -// . 1996.
( 2 3). 206 .
.. . 1813 1877. .: ,
2003.960 .
.. : 2 . .: . ., 1987.
[ . .] . . .
. . ( . ) // . 1907.
. . 1-23.
[ . .] I
// . 1896. . . 5 16.
. // . . .: 30 .
. 9. .: . - . -, 1958.
. [ ] . .: , 2003.720 .
. . (1812 1883 ) //
4050- X IX . . 1. .. . .: - ,
1991.237 .
.. . : , 1990. 326 .
.. - ,
. . 12.
. .-: . , 1859. . 1. iv, 374 .; . 2.
iv, 399, vii .
[ . .]
( . . ) / . .
// . 1938. . 8990. . 309335.
[ . .]
. .. / .
. // . 1940. . 99. . 127 179.
. . //
1888. . 33. 7. . 124-128.
.. . .: .
. . , 1991. 144 .
. . .: , 1992. 554 .
[ . .] .
[., . ..
] // : - . 1906.
. 103. 1. . 277297. ( . 111). . . .
.: White A.D.Aus meinem Diplomatenleben.Leipzig, 1906.
[ ..] . -
.. .. () //
. 1892. . 28, . 2. . 38.
[ . .] .
( ) //
. 1865. . 76. 3 (). . III, . . 1-62.

4 5 7

[ . .] , 1820-1888.
.. , . // . 1889.
. 62. . . 161 182.
.
Adams J.Q. Diary: 1794 1848; American Diplom acy and Political,
Social, and Intellectual Life from Washington to Polk / Ed. by A. Nevins.
New York: Scribner, 1951 (1st ed. 1928). X X X V , 586 p .
Adams J.Q. Memoirs o f John Quincy Adams. Comprising Portions ot
His Diary from 1795 to 1848 / Ed. by Charles Francis Adams. 12 vols^ Freeport
(N .Y .): Books for Libraries Press, 1969 (repr.; 1st publ. 1874- 877)
Benton . . Thirty Years View or: A History o f the Working o f the
American Government for Thirty Years, from 1820 to 1850. 2 vols. N ew
York; Boston: D. Appleton Co, 1854-1856.
^
Bigelow J. Retrospections o f an Active Life. 5 vols. N ew York. Baker
T iyi0 Bradford G. The Unknown Webster // O ld-Tim e N ew England. 1953.
Vol 44 P 5563
Bremer F.' The Homes o f the N ew W orld;

Im p re s s io n s

o f America

// Hemmen i den N ya verlden. N ew York: Harper Blh rs 1


J
C[ambreleng . .]. N e w Notes on Russia, b y a Recent Visiter
// United States Magazine and Democratic Review. 1842.
(A u g u s t^ P ^ ^ J 0

T h e Cru ise 0f t he Steam Y a ch t N o rth Star;

A N arrative o f the Excursion o f Mr. Vanderbilt s Party to England,


Russia, Denmark, France, Spain, Italy, M alta, Turkey, Madeira etc.
Boston: G ould And Lincoln; N e w York: Evans and Dickerson, 1854.
XV* ^ Collins P M A Voyage Down the Am oor: with a Land Journey
Through Siberia, and Incidental Notices o f Manchooria, Kamschatka,
anH N e w Y o r k : D. Appleton and C o , 1860. 390 p.
Dallas G .M . Diary o f George M ifflin Dallas while United States
Minister to Russia, 1837-1839, and to Englandi 1856 to 1861 / Ed. by
Susan Dallas.Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1892.443 p.
Darby W. The Northern Nations o f Europe, Russia and Poland, being
a compilation o f the series o f essays on the subject, as they appeared m e
columns o f the National Intelligencer over the signature o f Tacitus .
Chillicothe: printed for the author by S.W Ely, 1841. 100 p..
Ditson G .L. Circassia; or, A Tour to the Caucasus. N ew York. Stnnge
Tounsend; London: . C. Newby, 1850. xvi, 455 p
Fremont J.B. Souvenirs o f M y Tim e. Boston: D. Lothrop and
Company 887 ^ ^ p ^

Diaries o f Sidney G eorge Fisher

l 853 1857

// Pennsylvania Magazine o f History and Biography. 1962. Vol. 86. 3. July.


P. 319-349.

458

Garland .. The Life o f John Randolph o f Roanoke. 2 vols. New


York: Appleton Co., 1851.
Golovin I. Stars and Stripes, or American Impressiohs.New York:
Appleton and Co., 1856. viii, 312 p.
Greeley H, Recollections o f a Busy Life: Including reminiscences o f
American Politics and Politicians, From the Opening o f the Missouri
Contest to the Downfall o f Slavery; to which are Added Miscellanies. N ew
York: J.B. Ford, 1868.624 .
Gregg D .L.T h e Diaries: An American Diplomat in Hawaii, 1853
1858 / Ed. by P. King. Honolulu: Hawaiian Historical Society, 1982. 605 p.
Griffin G .W . M em oir o f Col. Chas. Todd. Philadelphia: Claxton,
Remsen Haffelfinger, 1873. 174 p.
Grund F. Thought and Reflections on the Present Position o f Europe:
and Its Probable Consequences to the United States. Philadelphia: Childs
Peterson, 1860. 245 p.
Gurowski A. Russia As It Is. N ew York: Appleton and Co., 1854. xvi,
[91, 312 p.
Harrison, jr. J. The Iron Worker and King Solomon. With memoir
and an appendix.2nd ed.Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co.1869.viii, 60, xxv,
78 p.
Harvey P. Reminiscences and Anecdotes o f Daniel Webster. Boston:
Little, Brown, and Co, 1877. 480 p.
Kohl J.G. Russia and the Russians, in 1842. V o l.l Philadelphia: Carey
and Hart, 1843. 208 p.
[Lady], The Englishwoman in Russia; Impressions o f the Society and
Manners o f the Russians. By a Lady, Ten Years Resident in that Country.
N ew York: C. Scribner, 1855. xvi, 316 p.
Lakier A.B. A Russian Looks at America: The Journey o f Aleksandr
Borisovich Lakier in 1857. Chicago and London: The University o f Chicago
Press, 1979. xli, 272 p.
Lamb M.J. State and Society in Washington // Harpers N ew Monthly
Magazine. 1878. March. Vol. 56. 334. P. 481500.
MacGavock R.W. A Tennessean Abroad, or Letters from Europe,
Africa, and Asia. N ew York: Redfield, 1854. x, 11 392 p.
Marshall J.F.B. A n Unpublished Chapter o f Hawaiian History
// Harpers Magazine. 1883. Vol. 67. September. P. 511520.
Maxwell J.S. The Czar, His Court and People, Including a tour in
Norway and Sweden. N ew York: Baker and Scribner, [c 1848]. 3rd ed. 1850.
xii, [13], 368 p.
McCormick R.C. Visit to the Camp before Sevastopol. N ew York:
D. Appleton and Co, 1855. 212 p.
Nolte V. Fifty Years in Both Hemispheres; or, A Reminiscences o f
the Life o f a Former Merchant. N ew York: Redfield, 1854. 484 p.

459

Personal Memorials o f Daniel Webster, Including a Sketch o f His


Public Life and the Particulars o f His Death. Philadelphia: Lippincott,
Grambo, and Co, 1852. 68 p.
Polk J.K. The Diary o f James K. Polk During His Presidency, 1845 to
1849 / Ed. By M ilo Milton Quaife. In 4 vols. Chicago: A.C. McClurg, 1910.
Polk J.K. The Diary o f a President, 1845 1849: Covering the Mexican
War, the Acquisition o f Oregon, and the Conquest o f California and the
Southwest / Ed. by A. Nevins. N ew York: Capricorn books, 1968. X X X IV ,
413 p.

_ ,
Prime S.I. The Life o f Samuel F.B. Morse, L L .D ., Inventor o f the
Electro-M agnetic Recording Telegraph. N ew York: D. Appleton and
Company, 1875. xiii, 776 p.
Prince N . Black Womans Odyssey Through Russia and Jamaica. The
Narratives o f Nancy Prince. N ew York: M. Wiener Pub., 1989. xxiv 93 p.
Pumpelly R. Across America and Asia: Notes o f a Five Years Journey
Around the W orld and o f Residence in Arizona, Japan, and China. 5th ed.
N ew York: Leypoldt Holt, 1871. xvi, 445 p.
Reminiscences o f Washington // Atlantic Monthly. 1880. November.
Vol. 46. 277. P. 664-675.
Seward F.W.Reminiscences o f aWar-Time Statesman and Diplomat,
1830 1915. N ew York: Putnams sons, 1916. x, 1916.
Speak for Yourself, Daniel: A Life o f Webster in His Own Words
/ Ed by Walker Lewis. Boston: Houghton M ifflin Co., 1969. 505 p.
Stephens J.L. Incidents o f Travel in the Russian and Turkish Empires.
2 vols. London: R. Bentley, 1839.
. .:
Suppiger J.E. Cassius Clays Embassy to Imperial Russia // Lincoln
Herald. 1975. Vol. 77. 1. P. 4247.
Taylor B. Travels in Greece and Russia, with an Excursion to Crete.
N ew York: Putnam, 1859. vii, 426 p..
Train G .F. An American Merchant in Europe, Asia, and Australia:
A series o f Letters from Java, Singapore, China, Bengal, Egypt, the Holy
Land, the Crimea and its Battle Grounds, England, Melbourne, Sydney,
etc etc. N ew York: Putnam, 1857. xxi, [13 ] 512 p.
Train G .F. M y Life in Many States and in Foreign Lands, Dictated in
M y Seventy-Fourth Year. London: William Heinemann, 1902. xxi, 348 p.
Van Buren M. The Autobiography o f Martin Van Buren / Ed. by John
C. Fitzpatrick // Annual Report o f the American Historical Association for
the Year 1918. Washington (D C ): Govt. Printing Office, 1920. Vol. 2. 808 p.
Van Buren M. Inquiry into the Origin and Course o f Political Parties
in the United States. N ew York: August M. Kelley Publishers, 1967 (1st
publ. 1867). 436 p.
White A D. Autobiography o f Andrew Dickson W hite, with Portraits.
N ew York: The Century Co, 1922 [c. 1904, 1905]. 2 v.

440

White A.D . The Diaries o f Andrew D. White / Ed. by Robert Morris


Ogden. Ithaca, N Y : Cornell University Library, 1959. xii, 500 p.
White A.D . Russia in War Time: Recollections o f a Member o f the
American Legation During the Crimean war // Century: Illustrated Monthly
Magazine. 1904. Vol. 68 (46 n. s.). P. 597602.
W ikoff H. The Reminiscences o f an Idler. N ew York: Fords, Howard
Hulbert, 1880. xii, 596 p.
W illia m W in sto n S eaton o f the N a t io n a l In t e llig e n c e r .
A Biographical Sketch. With Passing Notices o f His Associates and Friends.
Boston: James R. Osgood and Co.: 1871. 385 p.
,


. .: .
, 1854. 76 .
Boynton .. The Four Great Powers: England, France, Russia and
America; Th eir Policy, Resources, and Probable Future. Cincinnati,
Chicago, St. Louis, C.F. Vent, 1866. XX, 520 p.
[Cass Lewis] Examen de la Question Aujourd hui Pendante entre le
Gouvemement des Etats-Unis et Celui de la Grande-Bretagne, Concernant
le Droit de Visite; par un Americain. Paris: Imprimerie de H.Fournier et
Co, [1842]. 82 p.
Davis H.W. The War o f Ormuzd and Ahriman in the Nineteenth
Century. Baltimore: James S. Waters, 1852. viii, [9] 450 p.
Dobell P. Russia As It Is, And N o t As It Has Been Represented;
Together With Observations And Reflections On The Pernicious And
Deceitful Policy O f The N ew School. London, 1833. 80 p.
Helper H.R. The Impending Crisis o f the South: How to Meet It.
N ew York: Burdick brothers, 8 Spruce Street, 1857. x, 420 p.
Kazinski L. Two Lectures: Lecture I, Turkey and Russia; Lecture II,
the Exile in the Foreign Land. Manchester, N H : Abbot, Jenks, 1854. 23 p.
Letters o f an American, Mainly on Russia and Revolution. Edited by
Walter Savage Landor. London: Chapman and Hall, 1854. ii, 96 p.
[Lang J.] Results o f the Serf Emancipation in Russia.Loyal Publication
Society, N o .47. N ew York: Loyal Publication Society, 1864. 8 p.
Stuart M. Conscience and the Constitution: With remarks on the
Recent Speech o f the Hon. Daniel Webster in the Senate o f the U.S. on the
Subject o f Slavery. N ew York: Negro University Press, 1969 (Repr.; 1st
publ. 1850). 119 p.
, -

. . . . 7-.
.: ., , 1869. viii, 291 .
. ,
. 9-,

441

. . -: .
, 1839. V II, 115 .
/
.
. ( )
. .
, XV I, X V II X V III X IX
. 1492 (1500) 1831 . 2-, . : . . , 1843. V III, 340 .
.
. -: .. , 1853. 195, X .
.
Abbot J.S. The Empire o f Russia; From the Remotest Periods to the
Present Time. Boston: Graves and Young, 1859. xv, 528 p.
Brownell H .H. The People s Book o f Ancient and M odem History,
the old world, comprising an account o f the foundation, progress, an
decline o f the most celebrated empires, states, and nations from the
earliest period to the present time. 2 vols. Boston: Wentworth, 1853^
G oodrich S.G. Th e Second B ook o f History, Com bined with
Geography, Containing the Modern History o f Europe, Asia, an Africa.
Boston: Hichling, Swan, and Brewer, 1859. 336 p.
Goodrich S.G. Peter Parleys common school history. Illustrated by
engravings. Boston: American Stationers Co., 1838 407 p.
Goodrich S.G. Peter Parleys common school history. Illustrated by
engravings. A new ed., rev. and brought down to the present time.
Philadelphia: E. H. Butler ., 1856. 313 p.
Mackie J.M. Life o f Schamil; and Narrative o f the Circassian War ol
Independence against Russia. Boston: John P. Jewett and Co, 1856. 300 p.


..
(1839-1864 .): .... .
. . , 1988. 232 .
..
(1841-1856): .... . . .. , 1991 147
.. (1828 1H4U
. ...-. . ., 1986. 349 .
. .
X IX .: . ... . . . 1953. 503
.. (lSJt.
1848 ): .... . . . ., 1979. 205 .

442

. .
( 1850 1867): : ....
. . . , 2000.
. . 1848 . : ....
. . . ., 1987. 227 .
M ay A.J. Contemporary American Opinion o f the Mid-Century
Revolutions in Central Europe. Ph D thesis. Philadelphia: University o f
Pennsylvania, 1927. 135 p.
Pattock F.B. American Russian Relations 1861 1869. A Period o f
Calculated Coexistence. Ph. D. thesis. University o f Minnesota. December
1973.348 p.
Sexton R.F. The Reaction o f Southern Periodicals to the European
Revolutions o f 1848. M A thesis. University o f Washington, 1967. 69 p.
Slick S.E. The Life o f W illiam Wilkins. M A thesis. University o f
Pittsburgh, 1931.


.. //
, 1995. .: , 1996. . 110 129.
..
1859 1861 . : -
, 2004. 316 .
.. :
. :
, 2003. 456 .
. .
X IX X X . //
/
. . -, -. 1:
: :
. ., . , 2425 2000 . , 2000.
. 36-42.
. .
// .
1958. 3. . 171-183.
.. //
. 1989. 2. . 5764.
.. ... ( ..
) // . . 1997. 2 (5). . 109 115.
A.JI. - 30-
60- X IX //
( . . ). 1995. 1 (4 5).
. 170-186.

4 45

AJI. 3060 . X IX t,CKa:


. : -
, 2002. 368 .
A.JI.
. .. . 22994
13. 11. 1985. , 1985. 43 .
.
(1856-1860) //
. : - , 1991. . 9 19.
.. (
X IX .). . .
42901 25.09.1990. , 1990. 33 .
.. 60- X IX
// X IX
X X : . . . . : - , 1997. . 22- 48.
. . - ( - )

X IX // -
: V II . . . . .: - , 2002.
. 174-182.
.. - ,
X IX //

/ . . -, -.
1: :
: . ., . , 2425 2000 .
, 2000. . 3136.
..
. 1856 1860 . // . 2000. 4. . 2937.
.. (
. X IX .) //
, : .
: - , 1996. . 2548.
..
( X IX ) //
/
. . -, -. 1:
: : . .,
. , 2425 2000 . , 2000. . 11 26.
.. XIX // Americana.
. 4. ,

444

. : -
, 2000. . 26-57.
..
(1841 1856) // , 1991. .:
, 1992. . 93-103.
. .
4060- . X IX .
//
/
. . -, -. 1:
: :
. ., . , 2425 2000 . , 2000.
. 3-6.
. .
(1790 1890 .) // -
. 1950. . 7. . 225274.
-. (1823 1905). .; .:
, . . 204 .
..
1867 // : .
.: , 1985, . 12.0133.
.. - 1844
// . 1971.
2. . 184-193.
.. X IX : - . .: , 1973. 616 .
.. :
// . 1978. 12. . 8398.
.. :
. .: - - . ., 1959. 335 .
.. : ,
// : / .
. .. . .: , 1985. . 4965.
.. -
X V IIIXIX // . .
. 1974. 5. . 17-25.
.. :
18631864 . // , 1994. .:
, 1995. . 194-207.
.. , 1861 1862 //
, 1995. .: , 1996. . 130 146.
.. //
:

445

, . .:
, 2001. . 430-448.
.. :
//
: . ., 20-
,
. , . , 31
3
1994 . .: , 1994. . 170179.
..
// . 1970. 4.
. 23-35.
..
( . ) // . 1962.
9. . 57-74.
..
//
. 1986. 9. . 6680.
.:
// . 1995. 8. . 126133.
.., ..
1854-1855 // .
1978. 4. . 35-52.
.., ..
// . . . 1980.
6. . . 6369.
..
// . 1959. 5. . 110119.
.. :
// . 1995. 3.
. 30-43.
.. , 1732 1799. .,
1991.

.. 1863 1864 . //
. 1996. 5. . 195216.
.. - : 18151832.
.: , 1975. 626 .
.. -
: 18341867. .: , 1990. 368 .
.. :
. .: , 1980. 408 .
.. .: .. . .
X IX // . 1995.
3. . 166-167.

446

- .
. .; J1: . -, 1930. 134,(2) .
. : . .:
, 1993. 624 .
.. - -
X. //
: . . . . :
, 1990. . 102 107.
..
//
XIX . : - , 1981. . 108-116.
B.C.
40- X IX . .: .
-, 1949. 272 .
. :
/ . . . . .: ,
, 1934. 144 .
..
// :
, 1992. .: , 1993. . 116135.
..
1830 1840- //
. .: , 1997.
. 5773. ( . . 10).
.., .. .
18041880. .: , ., 1977. 150 .
.., .. , 18101899. .: , ., 1982. 176 .
.., .. . 1793
1840. .: , 1994. 133 .
.. . .. , ,
. .: , 2003. 472 .
.. I. .: , 2003. 695 .
. . (X IX .)
// ,
. .: , 1979.
. 36-43.
.., .., ..
. .: , 1982. 256 .
.. Journal de St.-Petersbourg
// . . 8, . 2003. 2.
-. . 316.

447

..
2- X IX . .: , 2001. 408 .
.. X IX .
// . 1994. 2. . 4969.
..
(1861 1865). .: - , 1963. 350 .
.1. (
XIXXX .). .: - , 1973. 368 ,
.., ..
// . 1980. 6.
. 6479.
..
// . 1986. 2. . 81 102.
. .
2030- X IX . // .
1962. 1.. 112-124.
..
// . 1965. 1.
.. //
: / . . I.H . . .. ,
1985. . 66-90.
. -
, 1798-1867 // , 1993. .:
, 1994. . 96115.
..
- (3050- X IX .) // .
. . . . : - ,
1982. . 18-30.
. 40- XIX . //
.
. . . . : -
, 1986. . 6-22.
.. :
3050- XIX .
//
: . . . . : -
, 1981. . 2644.
..
.- (1836 1840) //
. . 8.1979. 3. . 4357.
.. - .//
. -


448

449

. . . . / . . .. . : , 1991. . 321.
.. -
3050- X IX //
.
: - , 1987. . 7389.
.., ..
(2040- X IX ) //
, 1991. .: , 1992. . 5774.
.., .. .
//
. : -
, 1988. . 3244.
.. .
XIX . : - , 1994. 200 .
.. // . 1992. N 89.
. 52-68.
- . 4050- .:
. JL: - . . .
.. X IX :
. .: , 1977. 256 .
.. . .: , 1934.
319 .
.. : :
. .: , 1969. 695 .
.. :
. 2- . .: , 1958. 439 .
.. - ..
. . .: , 2001. 382 .
.. (1850)
// :
: . . / . . .. . .: , 1967.
. 58-70.
..
//
, 1980. .: , 1981. . 216235.
.. 2030-
XIX . // , 1982. .:
, 1982. . 229-253.
.. (1961 1965). .: -
, 1960. 179 .
.. . .:
, 1987. 302 .

.. (1861 1865 .).


. 1-2. .: , 2002.
., .. ..
//
, 1980. .: , 1981. . 118 138.
.. . .:
, 1993. 144 .
.. - //
, 1990. .: , 1991. . 114 125.
..
// -
: . . -. -
, 1991. . 2237.
..
// .. . .: ,
1993. . 119-129.
, 1775 18//
/. . .. . .: . , 1994. 384.
. X IX
( 1856 .) / .
. .. . .: . , 1995. 448 .
. X IX
( 1856 . - ). .:
. , 1997. 384 .
. III. ,
. 1825-1867 / . . .. . .: .
, 1999. 560 .
/ . . .. . . 1-4. .:
- , 19972003.
4-. . 1.1607-1877. .: , 1983. 688 .
.. :
( 1861 1865 .) //
: .
. . . : -
- . , 30 . 2 . 1997 .
: , 1998. . 5761.
..
, 1815 1914 //
, 2003. .: , 2005. . 7597.
.. ( X V III- X X .).
.: , 1935.639 .
,,,,,
.. I //
. 2001. 1. . 192210; 2. . 139 152.

45 I
450

..
2050- . XIX . //
. -. 1964. . 72. . 2.
. 771-811.
.. //
. . 8, . 1980. 2. . 4052.
.,
1865 1871 . //
. : -
, 1988. . 4559.
.. :
//
: ,
. .: , 2001. . 376429.
: ,
, / . .: .. , .. . .: -
, 1993. 304 . ( .
. 9)
.. .
: //
. .: , 1997. . 91
108. ( . . 10).
. ., ..
( 1840- 1865 .)
.: - , 1987. 176 .
.. - //
, 1979. . 261279.
..
//
:
V II . . . . .:
- , 2002. . 45-50.
.. -
X IX XX . : -
, 1994. 240 .
. . // :
/ . . .. . .: , 1985. . 238258.
.. . .: ,
1958.247 .
..
X IX // , 1995. .: , 1996.
. 48-69.

.. ? //

. 1980. N*9 4. . 142 150.


.
// . 1993. 1. . 195204.
.
// :
1992. .: , 1993. . 208218.
. (
) // . 1907. 5. . 24-52; 6. . 261-285.
.. :
. .: , 2003. 344 .
*
. 3 . ..
11.. . .: ,
]

. . .;

JL: , - -,
332

' . . -
// / . .
.. . .: - .-. - 1*1 417' 4 .
. . 1861-1865. ;
. .: - A C T , .

, 2002.592 .
u
. /1 7 RQ_
. . (1 /
1980): . .: - , 1981. 285
_
. // ., . .

2- . . 15. . 390391.

. . - 1857-1867 . // Conference on Russian


America sponsored by the A m e r i c a n Historical ^soc.a rion and he Kennan
Institute for Advanced Russian Studies, the Wilson Center. Sitka, Alaska,
August 21-25,1979. 74. 26 .
'
H.P. -
1858-1859 . //

. -. 1971. . 62. . 39 68.


. .
X IX : . .: , 1974. 36 .
- .. -
40
X IX . // .. .
- / ^. . .: - , 2004. . 119

452

- . . -
( 1843
1844 .) // . . 8, . 2002.
6. -. . 6685.
.. , .
//
: . . / . . . . .;
.: , 1987. . 38-50.
.. .. //
X IX X X . .: -
, 1980. . 130-141.
.. ..
//
, : - : . . . .: -
, 1983. . 102 108.
. :
// . 1976. 4. . 143 153.
..
X IX : . .: ,
1975.245 .
.
, - X IX . .: , 1971. 88 .
..
, : X IX . 60-
X X . // . .: , 1968.
. 56-79.
..
X IX . //
, 1973. .: , 1974. . 311 321.
.. X IX :
//
: . .: , 1985. . 276294.
.. 50-
70- X IX // . 44. ., 1953. . 130 176.
/ . .. .
.: , 1973. 400 .
. :
. .: , 1987. 133 .
.. : ,
, . .: , 1987. 352 .
. . :
. .: , 1981. 408 .

45?

.. : , 1870 1970:
- . .: , 2005. 421 .
.. :
: . . .:
, 2004. 336 .
u
.. , :
// , 2003. .: , 2005. . 251270.
.. //
: . . .: , 2002. . 309325.
.. , :
//
/ . . -,
-. 1:
: : . ., .
, 2 4 -2 5 2000 . , 2000. . 6 -1 1 .
.
X IX . //
, X IX . X X .: . . .; .. -
, 1985. . 55-82.
. 1861 185
. .: , 1971. 375 .
.
: 2 . / . . I .. . . 1. .: - , 1960. 636 .
.. .
: , 1850 1880- . .: -
, 1998. 304.
.
// , 1978. .:
, 1978. . 235-248.

X IX . .: , 1955. 280 .
..
// - : 300
/ . . , .. . .:
, 2004. . 120 128.

.. : //
: , , : . .
.. / . . .. . .: ,
2003. . 273-277.
..
// . .: ,
1979. . 43-53.

4 55
454

_________ ----------------------------------------- 1---------------------------------

_____________________

: . . . . .
.. -
. .: - , 1993. 232 .
.. :
// , 1990. .:
, 1991. . 191-205.
.. -
, 1853 1856 // . . 110. .: ,
1984. . 232-281.
.. -

// (). . . / . . ..
. .: , 1988. . 171 185.
.. .
//
. .:
, 1997. . 7591. ( . . 10).
.. 50- .
X IX . // . .: - ,
1982. . 136-152.
.. : 1846 1848. .:
, 1962. 141 .
..
: 1821 1845 . /: - , 1986. 164 .
.. //
: . .: , 1985. . 90 120.
.. -
(40- X IX .) // .-.
. . . /, 1989.
3. . 77-83.
..
(1821 1835) // , 1974. .:
, 1975. . 218-240.
.. (
X V III . 1819 .) //
X IX . : - , 1981.
. 65-85.
:
. . 1. X V III . 1917 . / .
. .. . .: - , 1988. 288 .
.. : , 1815 1873. .:
, 1970. 398 .
. .
//

, 1990. . 1 2 2 '- - .
..
^ 1987. .:
( X IX .) //
, 1987. . 210-224.
. - 1837 , 1988.152.
.. . : 18-9

. 1799-1867: ^ .
200- -
1999. , 6 - 1 0 1999 . .: .1 9 9 ^ 2 9 2 ^
.
. .: - -, 1959. 2103
_
. . ^ .

I X

"

..

^/-

( 1840-

, 1997. . 7386.
. .
, 1848 1852. .: , 2003. 284 .

.. . _
118 153
// , 2003. .: , 20

. . ^^]
X IX // ^
1877. .: . , 1994. . 2 3 3 - 26.

. . ^ (1848 .) //
(
1995.
: . .. ,

,93 .. . - ?
, 18 3 0 - 1840- r b // ^ . _

V II . . . . ..

ML M .=.

, 1830- //
, 1997. .: , 1997. . 116 13
. . ^

^ % ^ ^

183 0 - 1840- //
.
,
2001. . 340-375.

- -

^ . .: ,

456

.. 1848 . ,
1848 . ( ) //
. . . 1. .: , 2001.
. 102158.
..
(1830 1840- ) // ,
1998. .: , 1999. . 69-94.
.. : - XX . .: , 1995. 238 .
..
XX . .: , 1987. 271 .
.. - // :
, 1992. .: , 1993. . 6284.
.. : , // . 1990. 5. . 6781.
.. . X V IIXX . .: , 2001. 400 .
.. :
// . 1994. 6. . 172196.
.. :
// .. . :
- / . . .. . .: - . -, 2004. . 5992.
.. //
. 1991. 5. . 4763.
.. (18201860) //
, 1990. .: , 1991. . 166190.
. // .
. .:
, 1995. . 79-98.
. //
. . .:
, 1995. . 99 165.
.. , ... (
X V IIXIX .). .:
, , 1999. 312 .
.. :
. .: , 1998. 218 .
.. :
// . 2003. 5. . 4456.
.. :
//

457

: V II . . .
. .: - , 2002. . 138 148.
: / . . .. .
.: , 1976. 617 .
.. 1837 1838 . //
, 1976. .: , 1976. . 283299.
.. //
, 1993. .: , 1994. . 133 150.
. . -
(1815 1846) //
, 17751877. .: . , 1994. . 179200.
.. :
(1827-1831 .) // :
. . 1. .: , 2001. . 52 101.
.. : 18201830-
//
: ,
. .. , 2001.
. 295-339.
..
(1815 1860) // , 1987. ..
, 1987. . 225-242.
.. -
40- X IX . ( ) //
, 1986. .: , 1986. .160 168.
.. . .:
// , 1989. .:
, 1990. . 122-143.
.. : . .:
. ., 1989. 176 .
.. :
1820-1865 . .: , 1971.444 .
_
.. . 14921845 .:
. .: - . -, 1963. 303 .
.. . 18451895
.: .
.: - . -, 1964. 472 .
.. . 2- . .:
- . -, 1955. 918 .
11.
.. :
. .: , 1964. 327 .
..
40- - 60- XIX // . 1962. 6. . 67-77.

458

.., .. X IX ,
. .: , 1966. 200 .
..
. .: - . -, 1958. 110 .
JI. . .: -
, 1993. 400 .
.
. .: , , 1992. 432 .
.
(1765-1865 .). .: . .. , 1897. 382 .
.. . .: - ,
1993.150 .
.., ..
//
X IX XX . : -
, 1988. . 2131.
.. . .: , 1992. 688 .
.. -
. , 1864 1913. .: ,
1998.143 .
. : ,
// . 1999. 6. . . 179-203.
. : . .: , 2001. 496 .
A. The American Connection, ,
// . 1997. 1. . . 153 182.
.. . CILIA
//
: . . . . -: .
.. , 1991. . 157 163.
..
X IX . //
(X IX XX .). ,
1988. . 32-46.
.. 18451846 . // .
. 2.1988. . 1. . 88-91.
Adamov .. Russia and the United States at the Time of the Civil War
// Journal of Modem History. 1930 (December). Vol. 2. 4. P. 586602.
Adams E.D. Lord Ashburton and the Treaty o f Washington //American
Historical Review. 1912. Vol. 17. 4. P. 764782.
Adams H.M. Prussian-American Relations, 1775 1871. Westport
(Conn.): Greenwood Press, 1980. IV, 135 p.

Alekseev A .I. The Odyssey o f a


in Alaska, California and Siberia, 183
Limestone Press, 1987. xi, 140 p.
.The View to 1917. Washington:
Allen R.V. Russia Looks at America- in
Library o f Congress, 1988. 320 p.
Allgor . Republican in a Mona

in

Louisa Catherine Adams

' Historian, Diplomat.

Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1979. 300Pw


.. Fconom;c
Anderson O. Economic Warfare in J Cnm eanW ar // Economic
History Review^ N ew Series 1961. Vol. 1 4 ^ ^
A r n d t J .C . M a in e in the Northeastern
Rights in Antebellum N ew England // New Eng an

Controversy: States
i q o q V n 1 62

P. 205223.
. 1776-1917: A Study o f the American
Babey A M . Americans m Russia, 1
Russiall Revolution.
Travelers in Russia From the Amencan Rewl
N ew York: The Comet Press, 1938. xiv, * ^ an_American Relations from
Bailey T.A. America Faces Russia.
p
.
Early Times to Our Day. Ithaca, N e w York: Cornell University Press,
1950 13 . A Diplomatic

H is to r y

of the American People. 7th ed.

NCW B T r a e fw .L ^ a tu IJ r o u n d for the Union the Eni o f ^ m l War


and Reconstruction, 1848-1877. Englewood Cliffs (N . J.). Prentice Hall,
1990' BarrattG.R.V. Pushkins America: A J v e y o f the Sources //Canadian
Vol. 1 5 . 3 . P . 274^2
y ,.

S la v o n ic P a p e rs . 1 9 7 3 .

Bartlett LH , . W e b .
Bassin M . T h e Russian Geograp
and the Great Siberian Expedition 1855 1

//Annals 0f the Association


// p 940__256

o f American Geographers. 1983 (June) . ^ ' Daniel Webster and the Union.
Baxter M .G . One and Inseparable-

Cambridge (M ass): Belknap press o f

1 lBa ia

BaylenJ.O. A Tennessee Polit.cianm 'nipenal Russia, 1850

1853

//Tennessee Historical (Q u arterly^ 955^0 Jacksonian Patrician. University


B e l o h l a v e k J . M . G e o r g e M i f f l m D <u

..

Pafk Belohlav'ek J J ^ . ^ I x t ' r i i ^ E ^ l e 9 8 5 ^ X


.

h e ^ c fn

Sectaries of State Lnd Their

Diplomacy.10 vols.New York, 1927 1929-

460

Bemis S.F. John Quincy Adams and the Foundations o f American


Foreign Policy. New York: Knopf, 1949. XIX, 588, XV p.
Bergeron P.H. The Presidency o f James K. Polk. Lawrence (Kan.):
University press o f Kansas, 1987. XV, 310 p.
Binder F.M.American Shipbuilding and Russian Naval Power, 1837
1846 // Military Affairs. 1957. Vol. 21. 2. P. 7984.
Binder F.M. James Buchanan and the American Empire. Selinsgrove,
Pa: Susquehanna University Press, 1994. 318 p.
Binder F.M. James Buchanan: Jacksonian Expansionist // Historian.
1992. Autumn. Vol. 55. 1. P. 6984.
Black J. L. Canada in the Russian Mirror: the Canada Card in Russian
Politics and Foreign Policy, 18021860. [Occasional Paper 4] Ottawa:
Centre for Research on Canadian-Russian Relations, Carleton University
1995.51 .
Black J.L. The Peasant Kingdom: Canada in the 19,h-Century Russian
Imagination: A Cruise through Old Russian Books and Archives. [Canada
/ Russia Series. Vol. 2]. Ottawa: Penumbra press, 2001. 244 p.
Blakely A. American Influences on Russian Reformist Thought
in the Era o f the French Revolution // Russian Review. 1993. Vol. 52.
P. 451-471.
Blackwell W.L. The Beginnings of Russian Industrialization, 1800
1860. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1968. ix, 484 p.
Bliemaier J.K. Cassius Marcellus Clay in St. Petersburg // Register
of the Kentucky Historical Society. 1975. Vol. 73. 3. P. 263287.
Bonham M.L. Alexander McLeod: Bone o f Contention // New York
History. 1937. Vol. 18. P. 189-217.
Bourne K. Britain and the Balance o f Power in North America,
1815 1908. London: Longmans, 1967. XII, 439 p.
Bourne K. The Foreign Policy of Victorian England. 1830 1902. Oxford:
Oxford Univ. Press, Clarendon Press, 1970. X II, 531 p.
Brack G.M. Mexican Opinion, American Racism, and the War of
1846//Western Historical Quarterly. 1970. Vol. 1. P. 161 174.
Bradford G. As God Made Them; Portraits of Some Nineteenth
Century Americans. Boston, New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1929. 294 p.
Bradley H.W. The American Frontier in Hawaii; the Pioneers, 1789
1843. Stanford, London: Stanford University Press, Oxford University Press,
1942. XI, 488 p.
Bradley J. Guns for the Tsar: American Technology and the Small
Arms Industry in Nineteenth-Century Russia. De Kalb, 111.: Northern Illinois
University Press, 1990. xi, 274 p.
Brauer K.J. Cotton Versus Conscience. Massachusetts Whig Politics
and Southwestern Expansion, 1843-1848. Lexington, Univ. o f Kentucky
Press, 1967. VI, 272 p.

461

Brauer K.J. The Great American Desert Revisited: Recent Literature


and Prospects for the Study o f American Foreign Relations, 181561
// Diplomatic History. 1989. Vol. 13. 3. Summer. P. 395417.
Brauer K.J. The United States and British Imperial Expansion, 1815
60//Diplomatic History. 1988. Vol. 12. 1. P. 1937.
Brauer K.J.1821 1860: Economics and the Diplomacy o f American
Expansionism // Economics and World Power / Ed. W .H. Becker,
S.F. Wells, Jr. 1984. P. 55-118.
Brebner J.B. North Atlantic Triangle: The Interplay o f Canada, the
United States, and the Great Britain. New Haven: Yale University Press;
Toronto: the Ryerson Press, 1945. 385 p.
Brent R.A. Tarnished Brass: A New Perspective on Daniel Webster
// Southern Quarterly. Vol. IV. 1965. 1. October. P. 4152.
Bronson H. Brief Sketch o f the Life and Character o f the Late Ralph
I. Ingersoll. New Haven: Hoggson Robinson, 1873. 19 p.
Brooke G.M. The Vest Pocket War o f Commodore Jones // Pacific
Historical Review. 1962. Vol. 31. P. 217233.
Brown Th.Politics and Statesmanship: Essays on the American Whig
Party. New York: Columbia univ. press, 1985. 330 (9) p.
Bruce W.C. John Randolph o f Roanoke, 1773 1833. A Biography
Based Largely on New Material. 2 vols. New York: Putnam, 1922.
Bull E.L. Lucy Pickens: First Lady o f the South Carolina Confederacy
// Proceedings of The South Carolina Historical Association. 1982. P. 5 18.
Burnett K.Tippecanoe and Taylor Too // Journal o f the West. 1992.
VoL 31. 3. P. 4450.
Cabot H.R. The Early Years o f William Ropes and Company m
St. Petersburg // American Neptune. 1963. Vol. 23. 2. P. 131 139.
Callahan J.M. The Alaska Purchase and Americo-Canadian Relations.
West Virginia University, 1908.
Carstensen F.V, American Enterprise in Foreign Markets: Studies of
Singer and International Harvester in Imperial Russia. Chapel Hill:
University o f North Carolina Press, 1984. vi, 289 p.
Caruthers J.W. American Pacific Ocean Trade: Its Impact on Foreign
Policy and Continental Press. New York: Macmillan, 1973. V III, 231 p.
Chamberlain M.E. British Foreign Policy in the Age o f Palmerston.
London: Longman, 1980. VI, 147 p.
Chester E.W. Sectionalism, Politics and American Diplomacy.
Metuchen (N . J.): The Scarecrow press. 1975. X III, 348 p.
Chidsey D.B. And Tyler Too. Nashville: T. Nelson, 1978. 158 p.
Clarke J. British Diplomacy and Foreign Policy: 1782 1865. The
National Interest. London: Unwin Hyman, 1989. 350 p.
Cleaves F.Old Tippecanoe: William Henry Harrison and His Time.Port
Washington (N. Y.): Kennikat Press, 1969 (1st ed. 1939). XIV, 422 p.

462

Cole D.B. Martin Van Buren and the American Political System.
Princeton (N. J.): Princeton University Press, 1984. X III, 477 p.
Combs J.A.American Diplomatic History: Two Centuries o f Changing
Interpretations. Berkeley: University o f California Press, 1983. XII, 413 p.
Combs J.A. The History o f American Foreign Policy. New York'
Knopf, 1986. XX II, 517 p.
Combs J.A. Norman Graebner and the Realist View o f American
Diplomatic History// Diplomatic History. 1987. Vol. 11. 3. P. 251-264.
Connor S.V., Faulk O.B. North America Divided: The Mexican War,
1846 1848. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971. IX, 300 p.
Corbett D.M. Taras Shevchenko and Ira Aldridge: (The Story o f
Friendship between the Great Ukrainian Poet and the Great Negro
Tragedian) // Journal o f Negro Education. 1964 (Spring). Vol. 33 N 2
P. 143-150.
Cramer R.S. British Magazines and the Oregon Question // Pacific
Historical Review. 1963. Vol. 32. P. 369382.
Crapol E. P. The Foreign Policy of Antislaveiy, 1833 1846 // Redefining
the Past. Essays in Diplomatic History in Honor o f William Appleman
Williams. Corvallis (Oregon): Oregon State University Press, 1986
P. 85-103.
Crawford M. The Anglo-American Crisis o f the Mid-Nineteenth
Century: The Times and America, 18501862. Athens: University o f Georgia
Press, 1987. X, 179 p.
Current R.N. Daniel Webster and the Rise o f National Conservatism.
Boston, Toronto: Little, Brown and Co., 1955. 215 p.
Current R.N. John C.Calhoun. New York: Washington Square Press
1966. IX, 182 p.
Current R.N.Websters Propagandaand the Ashburton Treaty // Mississippi
Valley Historical Review. Vol. 34.1947. September. 2. P. 187200.
Curti M.E. Austria and the United States, 1848 1852: A Study in
Diplomatic Relations // Smith College Studies in History. 1926 Vol 11
P. 141-206.
Curtis G.T. Life o f Daniel Webster. 2 vols. New York: Appleton, 1870.
Dakowski A. The Coverage o f the Polish November Insurrection o f
183031 In the Contemporaneous American Newspapers and Magazines
//American Studies [Poland], 1991. Vol. 10. P. 103-118.
Dalzell R.F. Daniel Webster and the Trial o f American Nationalism,
1843-1852. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin Co, 1973. XX, 363 p.
Dalzell R.F. Enterprising Elite: the Boston Associates and World They
Made. Cambridge (Mass.): Harvard University Press, 1987. X V III, 298 p.
Darling A.B. Political Changes in Massachusetts, 182448: A Study
of Liberal Movements in Politics. 2nd ed. Cos Cob (Conn.): John E Edwards
Publ., 1968. 392 p.

46?

Davis A. . Some Sources of American Hostility to Russia // American


Journal of Sociology. 1947 (November). Vol. 53. 3. P. 174183.
Dow R.A., Wilson R.L. The Czars Colts // Nineteenth Century. 1980.
Vol. 6. 4. P. 34-37.
Dowty A. The Limits o f American Isolation: The United States and
the Crimean War. New York: New York University Press, 1971. 260 p.
Dulles F.R. The Road to Teheran: The Story o f Russia and America,
1 7 8 1 1 9 4 3 . Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1944. vii, 279 p.
Duniway C.A. Daniel Webster // The American Secretaries o f State
and Their D i p l o m a c y / Ed.Samuel F.Bemis.New York, 1928.Vol. 5, 6.
Dvoichenko-Markov E. Americans in the Crimean War // Russian
Review. 1954 (April). Vol. 13. P. 137 145.
E a to n C . H e n r y C la y a n d th e A r t o f A m e r ic a n P o litic s , B o s to n : L ittle ,

Brown, 1957. 209 p.


Edmunds J.B. Francis W. Pickens and the Politics o f Destruction.
Chapel Hill: The University o f North Carolina Press, 1986. xiii, 256 p.
Elitzer M.R. A Study o f Greatness: Daniel Webster and the African
Slave Trade Cases // Journal o f Historical Studies. 1980. 4. P. 4363.
Engerman D.C. Modernization from the Other Shore: American
Intellectuals and the Romance of Russian Development. Cambridge: Harvard
University Press, 2003. vi, 399 p.
Erickson P.D. Daniel Websters Myth of the Pilgrims // New England
Quarterly. 1984. Vol. 57. 1. March. P. 4464.
Everett E. The Life of Daniel Webster. New York: J.A. Hill, 1904. 270 p.
Explaining the History o f American Foreign Relations: A Round
Table //Journal of American History. 1990. Vol. 77. June. P. 93180.
Fields W. The Reply to Hayne: Daniel Webster and the Rhetoric of
Stewardship // Political Theory. 1983. Vol. 11. 1. February. P. 5-28.
Fisher D.H. The Revolution o f American Conservatism: the Federalist
Party in the Era o f Jeffersonian Democracy. New York, 1965. XX, 455 p.
Fisher S.G. The True Daniel Webster. Philadelphia, London:
Lippincott, 1911.516 .
Foreign Policy in the Early Republic Reconsidered: Essays from a
SHEAR Symposium [L.S.Kaplan, B.Perkins, K.Brauer, J.M.Belohlavek,
W.E. Weeks] //Journal ofthe Early Republic. 1994. Vol. 14. P. 453496.
Form isano R.P. The Transform ation o f P o litic a l Culture.
Massachusetts Parties, 1790s - 1840s. New York, Oxford: Oxford univ.
Press, 1983. 496 p.
Fraser H R. Democracy in the Making; the Jackson Tyler Era.
Indianapolis, New York: the Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1938. 334 p.
Fredrickson J.W. American Shipping in the Trade with Northern
Europe, 1783 1860 // Scandinavian Economic History Review. 1956. Vol. 4.
2. P. 109-125.

464

Frothingham P.R. Edward Everett: Orator and Statesman. Boston:


Houghton Miffin, 1925. x, 495 p.
Fuess C.M. Daniel Webster. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1930. 2 vols.
Furnas J.C. Patrolling the Middle Passage // American Heritage. 1958
Vol. 9. 6. P. 4 - 9 , 1 0 1 - 1 0 2 .
Gaddis J.L. New Conceptual Approaches to the Study o f American
Foreign Relations: Interdisciplinary Perspectives // Diplomatic History
1990. Vol. 14. 3. P. 405423.
Gaddis J.L. Russia, the Soviet Union, and the United States:
An Interpretive History. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1978. xv, 309 p.
Garland H.A. The Life o f John Randolph o f Roanoke. 2 vols. New
York: Appleton Co, 1851.
Geiger J.O. A Scholar Meets John Bull: Edward Everett as United
States Minister to England, 1841-1845 // New England Quarterly. 1976
Vol. 49. P. 577-595.
George F. Kennan on Russian Diplomacy in the 19th Century and
the Origins o f World War I. A Special Report. Washington: Kennan Institute
for Advanced Russian Studies, Woodrow Wilson International Center
for Scholars, 1986. 18 p.
Gilderhus M.T. Founding Father: Samuel Flagg Bemis and the Study
o f U.S. Latin American Relations // Diplomatic History.Vol. 21. 1.
Winter 1997. P. 1 13.
Gill G.G. Edward Everett and the Northeastern Boundary Controversy
//New England Quarterly. 1969. Vol. 42. P. 201213.
Gill S.A. America and the Crimean War // Journal o f the Research
Society of Pakistan. 1990. Vol. 27. 4. P. 3148.
Gleason A. Republic o f Humbug: The Russian Nativist Critique of
^tatCS
// American Quarterly. 1992 (March). Vol. 44.
Goetzmann W.H. When the Eagle Screamed: the Romantic Horizon
^A m erican Diplomacy, 1800-1860.New York: John Wiley Sons, 1966.
Golder F.A. The American Civil War Through the Eyes o f a Russian
Diplomat // American Historical Review. 1921 (April) Vol 26 N 3
P. 454-463.
. -
Golder F.A. Russian-American Relations During the Crimean War
//American Historical Review. 1926 (April). Vol. 31. P. 462-476.
Goldman H.S. The Tragic Gift: The Serf and Slave Intellectual in
Russian and American Fiction // Phylon. 1963. Vol. 24. 1. P. 51-61.
Goodman P. Ethics and Enterprise: the Values o f Boston Elite, 1800
1860//AmericanQuarterly. 1966. Vol. 18. Fall. P. 437451.
Graebner N.A. Empire on the Pacific: A Study in American Continental
Expansion. New York: The Ronald press Co., 1955. IX, 278 p.

465

Graebner N.A. Foundations of American Foreign Policy: a Realist


Appraisal from Franklin to McKinley: Essays. Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly
Resources, 1985. XXXVI, 379 p.
Graebner N.A. John Quincy Adams arid the Federalist Tradition
// Traditions and Values: American Diplomacy, 17901865.Lanham (N. Y.),
London: University Press of America, 1985. P. 97 127.
Graebner N.A. John Quincy Adams: Empiricism and Empire // Makers
o f American Diplomacy: From Benjamin Franklin to Alfred Thayer Mahan.
New York, 1974. P. 105-134.
Grayson B.L. The Unknown President: the Administration o f
President Millard Fillmore. Washington: University Press o f America,
1981.175 .
Gunning S. Nancy Prince and the Politics of Mobility, Home and
Diasporic (Mis)Identification // American Quarterly. 2001. Vol. 53. 1.
P. 32-69.
Hamilton H. Prologue to Conflict: The Crisis and Compromise ot
1850. 2nd ed. New York: Norton, 1964. 236 p.
Hapgood N. Daniel Webster. 2nd ed. Boston: Small, Maynard Co,
1899.119 p.

Harris M. The Meaning o f Patriot: The Canadian Rebellion and


American Republicanism, 18371839 // Michigan Historical Review. Vol. 23.
1. 1997, Spring. P. 3369.
Harrold S. Violence and Nonviolence in Kentucky Abolitionism
// Journal o f Southern History. 1991 (February). Vol. 57. 1. P. 1538.
Harvey L.-G. Importing the Revolution: The Image o f America in
French-Canadian Political Discourse, 1805 1837. Ph. D. thesis. University
of Ottawa, 1989.480 .
^
H a t h e w a y C . G . C o m m o d o r e J o n e s s W a r / / H i s t o r y T o d a y . 1 9 6 6 . V o l . 1 6 .

March. P. 194-201.
xr
Hatzenbuehler R.L. The Early National Period, 1789 1815. The Need
for Redefinition // American Foreign Relations: A Historiographical
Review. Westport (Conn.). 1981. P. 1732.
Hawthorn N. The Great Stone Face and other Tales o f the White
Hills. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1889. 95 p.
Haywood R M. The Beginnings of Railway Development in Russia in
the Reign o f Nicholas I, 1835-1842. Durham, N C: Duke University Press,
1969. xvii, 270 p.
Haywood R.M. The Development o f Steamboats on the Volga River
and Its Tributaries, 1817-1856 // Research in Economic History: A research
annual. 1981. Vol. 6. P. 127192.
Haywood R.M. Russia Enters the Railway Age, 1842 1855. Boulder:
East European Monographs 993, New York: Distributed by Columbia
University Press, 1998. xxvi, 635 p.

466

Haywood R.M. The Ruler Legend: Tsar Nicholas I and the Route
o f the St. Petersburg Moscow Railway, 18421843 // Slavic Review. 1978
(December). Vol. 37. P. 640650.
Heale M.J. The Making o f American Politics, 1750 1850. London;
New York: Longman, 1977. V III, 263 p.
Hecht D. Russian Radicals Look to America, 1825 1894. Cambridge:
Harvard University Press, 1947. ix, 242 p.
Henderson G.B. The Diplomatic Revolution o f 1854 // American
Historical Review. 1937 (October). Vol. 43. 1. P. 2250.
Henderson G.B. Problems o f Neutrality, 1854: Documents from the
Hamburg Staatsarchiv//Journal o f Modern History. 1938 (June). Vol 10
2. P. 232-241.
Henderson G.B. Southern Designs on Cuba, 1854 1857 and Some
European Opinions // Journal o f Southern History. 1939 (August). Vol 5
3. P. 371-385.
Hietala T.R. Manifest Design: Anxious Aggrandizement in Late
Jacksonian America. Ithaca (N. Y.): Cornell University Press, 1985. XIV, 285 p.
High J. Jones at Monterey, 1842 //Journal o f the West. 1966. Vol. 5.
April. P. 173-186.
Hill H.A. The Trade and Commerce o f Boston, 1630 to 1890. Boston:
For sale by Damress Upham, 1895. 163 p.
Holzle E. Russland und Amerika: Aufbruch und Begegnung zweier
Weltmachte. Munchen: Verlag R. Oldenbourg, 1953. 312 p.
Howe D.W. The Political Culture o f American Whigs. Chicago: Univ.
o f Chicago press, 1979. V II, 404 p.
Hunt E.M. Daniel Webster and Our Foreign Policy // Historical
New Hampshire. June 1947. P. 1 16.
Hunt M.H. Ideology and U.S. Foreign Policy. New Haven and London:
Yale University Press, 1987. xiv, 237 p.
Hunt M.H.The Long Crisis in U.S.Diplomatic History: Coming to
Closure // Diplomatic History. 1992. Vol. 16. 1. P. 115 140.
Ingle H.N. Nesselrode and the Russian Rapprochement with
Britain, 1836 1844. Berkeley; Los Angeles: University o f California Press,
1976. 196 p .
Jervey E.D., Huber C.H. The Creole Affair // Journal o f Negro
History. 1980. Vol. 65. 3. P. 196211.
Jones H. The Attempt to Impeach Daniel Webster // Capitol Studies.
1975. Vol 3. Fall. P. 3144.
Jones H.The Course o f American Diplomacy: From the Revolution
to the Present. 2nd ed. Chicago (111.): Dorsey Press, 1988. XVIII, 718, XXIX p.
Jones H.Daniel Webster: The Diplomatist // Daniel Webster: The
Completest Man / Ed. Kenneth E.Shewmaker. Hanover, London: Univ.
Press o f New England, 1990. P. 203229.

467

Jones H. To the Webster Ashburton Treaty: A Study in AngloAmerican Relations, 1783-1843. Chapel Hill: Univ. o f N o r t h Carolina press,
1977. XX, 251 p.
Jones H.P. Southern Opinion on the Crimean War // Journal ol
Mississippi History. 1967.Vol. 29. 2.P. 95 117.
Jones H.P. Southern Opinion on Turkey During the Crimean War
//Ukrainian Quarterly. 1986. Vol. 42. 34. P. 222238.
Jones R A T h e British Diplomatic Service: 1815-1914.Gerrards Cross:
Colin Smythe, 1983. X III, 258 p.
Jones . B. Henry Clay and Continental Expansion, 1820 1844 // Register
ofthe Kentucky Historical Society. 1975. 73. July. P. 241262.
Jones W.D. The American Problem in British Diplomacy, 1841 1861.
Athens: Univ.of Georgia Press, 1974. XI, 260 p.
Jones W.D. The Influence o f Slavery on the Webster Ashburton
Negotiations //Journal of Southern History. 1956. Vol. 22, 1. Febr. P. 4858.
Jones W.D. Lord Aberdeen and the Americas. Athens: University of
Georgia Press, 1958. 101 p.
Jones W.D. Lord Ashburton and the Maine Boundary Negotiations
// Mississippi Valley Historical Review. 1953. Vol. 40. 3. December.
P. 477-490.
Kaplan L.S. The Brahmin as Diplomat in Nineteenth Century
America: Everett. Bancroft. Motley. Lowell // Civil War History: A Journal
ofthe Middle Period. 1973. Vol. 19. I P- 528.
Kaplan L.S. Jefferson As Anglophile: Sagacity or Senility in the Era of
Good Feelings? // Diplomatic History. 1992. Vol. 16. 3. P. 487494.
Katchenovsky D. Daniel Webster. Etude Biographique. Bruxelles
Ostende: Librairie de Ferdinand Claassen, 1858. X,144p.
Kaufman M. 1863: Poland, Russia and the United States // Polish
American Studies. 1964. Vol. 21. 1. P. 1015.
Kingston-Mann E. In Search ofthe True West: Culture, Economics,
and Problems of Russian Development. Princeton: Princeton University
Press, 1999. xiii, 301 p.
,
Kingston-Mann E. In the Light and Shadow o f the West, the Impact
o f Western Economics in Pre-Emancipation Russia// Comparative Studies
in Society and History. 1991 (January). Vol. 33. 1. P. 86 105.
Kirchner W. Studies in Russian-American Commerce, 1820 1860.
Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1975. xii, 265 p.
Klein P.S. President James Buchanan: A Biography. University Park,
PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1962. xviii, 506 p.
Klunder W.C. Lewis Cass and the Politics o f Moderation. Kent, OH:
Kent State University Press, 1996. XIV, 416 p.
Kohl J.G. Russia and the Russians in 1842. Philadelphia: Carey Hart,
1843. 2 vols. In 1. vi, [9], 208 p.

468

Kohl L.F. The Politics o f Individualism: Parties and the American


Character m the Jacksonian Era. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.
XII, 266 p.
Kolchin P. Reevaluating the Antebellum Slave Community:
A Comparative Perspective // Journal o f American History. Vol 70 1983
(December). P. 5796 0 1 .
Kolchin P. Some Thoughts on Emancipation in Comparative
Perspective: Russia and the United States South // Slavery Abolition 1990
Vol. 11. 3. P. 351-367.
'
'
Kucherov A. Alexander Herzens Parallel between the United States
and Russia // Essays in Russian and Soviet History in Honor o f Geroid
Tanquary Robinson / Ed. John Shelton Curtiss. Leiden; New York: Columbia
University Press, 1963. P. 3447.
* H.1.1 he Undeclared War between Britain and America. Parts 1
2. 18371842// Histoiy Today. 1962. Vol. 12. P. 777783, 872880.
n r\ ^ USliner ^ * The Oregon Question Is... A Massachusetts Question
// Oregon Historical Quarterly. 1974. Vol. 75. 4. P. 317335.
LaFeber W. The American Age: United States Foreign Policy at Home
and Abroad. 1750 to the Present. New York; London: W.W. Norton, 1994. 842 p.
i ocn l,onob? , W' The New EmPire: A31Interpretation of American Expansion:
1860 1898. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1968 (1st ed. 1963). 444 p.
, La" der E M ' Reluctant Imperialists: Calhoun, the South Carolinians,
and the Mexican War. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press 1980
XIV, 189 p.
Lang D. Alexander Hamilton and the Law o f Nations // Ch 1 hr
Traditions and Values: American Diplomacy, 1790-1865.Lanham; London
University Press o f America, 1985. P. 1-27.
io iV

L?onJ ^ A D ' American Foreign Policy in an Age o f Nationalism,


1812 1840 // American Foreign Relations: A Historiographical Review
Westport (Conn.), 1981. P. 33-47.
* L^"Ley L D Tw Jacksonian Diplomats in Czarist Russia// Research
Studies. 1977. Vol. 45. 2. P. 9299.
Langley L. D. The Whigs and the Lopez Expeditions to Cuba 1849
5?,? in Frustratmg DipJomacy // Revistade Historiade America.
1971. Vol. 71. 1. P. 922.
Laserson M .M .The American Impact on Russia Diplomatic and
Ideological 17841917. New York: The Macmillan Co, 19950. xii, 441 p
Laurent P.-H Anglo-American Diplomacy and the Belgian Indemnities
Controversy, 183642// Historical Journal. 1967. Vol. 10. P. 197217.
LeDuc Th. The Webster-Ashburton Treaty and the Minnesota Iron
Ranges// Journal o f American History. 1964. 51. December. P. 476481.
Leffler M.P. New Approaches, Old Interpretations, and Prospective
Reconfigurations//Diplomatic History. 1995. Vol. 1 9 . P. 1 7 3 1 9 6 .

469

Leopold R.W. The Growth o f American Foreign Policy: A History.


New York: Knopf, 1962. XXII, 848, X X IX p.
Lerski J. A Polish Chapter in Jacksonian America: The United States
and the Polish exiles o f 1831. Wisconsin: University o f Wisconsin, 1958.
xi, 242 p.
Levin A.L. Inventive, Imaginative, and Incorrigible: The Winans
Family and the Building o f the First Russian Railroad // Maryland Historical
Magazine. Vol. 84.1989. Spring. P. 5056.
Libhart L.L. Simon Camerons Political Exile as United States
Minister to Russia // Journal o f the Lancaster County Historical Society.
1968. Vol. 72. 4. P. 189-228.
Liebler W.F. John Bulls American Legion: Britains Ill-Starred
Recruiting Attempt in the United States During the Crimean War
// Pennsylvania Magazine o f History and Biography. 1975 (July). Vol. 99. 3.
P. 309-335.
Lodge H.C. Daniel Webster. Boston, New York: Houghton, Mifflin
and Co., 1898. 375 p.
Long D.F.Gold Braid and Foreign Relations: Diplomatic Activities
o f U.S. Naval Officers, 1798-1883. Annapolis (Md.): Naval Institute Press,
1988. XVII, 502 p.
Makers o f American Diplomacy: From Benjamin Franklin to
Alfred Thayer Mahan / Ed. by F.J. Merli and T.A. Wilson. New York,
1974. X V III, 317 p.
Malia M. Russia under Western Eyes: From the Bronze Horseman to
the Lenin Mausoleum. Cambridge, MA; London: The Belknap Press of
Harvard University Press, 1999. xii, 514 p.
Manifest Destiny and Empire: American Antebellum Expansionism
/ Ed. by Sam W. Haynes and Christopher Morris. College Station, Arlington,
Texas: Texas A M University Press, 1997. 180p.
March C.W. Daniel Webster and His Contemporaries. 4th ed. New
York: C.Scribner, 1850. 295 p.
Martin J.M. The Senatorial Career o f Arthur Pendleton Bagby
//Alabama Historical Quarterly. 1980. Vol. 42. 34. P. 124 156.
Martin L., Bemis S.F. Franklins Red-Line Map Was a Mitchell
//New England Quarterly. 1937 Vol. 10. 1. P. 104111.
McCall S,W. Daniel Webster. Boston; New York: Houghton, Mifflin
and Co., 1902. 124 p.
McMaster J.B. Daniel Webster. New York: Appleton Century Co,
1939.343 .
Merk F. Fruits of Propaganda in the Tyler Administration. Cambridge
(Mass.): Harvard univ. press, 1971. X, 259 p.
Merk F. The Monroe Doctrine and American Expansionism, 1843
1849. New York: Knopf, 1966. X II, 289, IX p.

470

Merk F. The Oregon Question: Essays in Anglo-Am erican


Diplomacy and Politics.Cambridge, (Mass.): Harvard univ.press, 1967.
X IV , 427 p.
Merk F. Presidential Fevers // Mississippi Valley Historical Review.
1960. Vol. 47. 1. P. 3-33.
Mervand M. L Amerique Dans loeuvre dAlexandre Herzen// Cahiers
du Monde Russe et Sovietique. 1972. Vol. 13. 4. P. 524554.
Meyer M. The Jacksonian Persuasion: Politics and Belief. Stanford
(Ca.): Stanford University Press, 1957. VI, 231 p.
Mohrenschildt D. Toward a United States of Russia: Plans and Projects
o f Federal Reconstruction in the Nineteenth Century. Rutherford, N. J.:
Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1981. 309 p.
Morgan R.J. A Whig Embattled: the Presidency under John Tyler. 2nd
ed. Hamden (Conn.): Archa Book, 1974. X X II, 199 p.
Morrison M.A. Westward the Course o f Empire: Texas Annexation
and the American Whig Party // Journal of the Early Republic. 1990. Vol. 10.
P. 221-249.
Moten M. The Delafield Commission and the American Military
Profession. College Station: Texas A M University press, 2000. xvii, 267 p.
Mudridge I. Alexander Hamilton and the Diplomacy o f Influence
// Makers o f American Diplomacy: From Benjamin Franklin to Alfred
Thayer Mahan. New York, 1974. P. 2752.
Musham H.A. Early Great Lakes Steamboats. The Caroline Affair. 1837-
1838 // American Neptune: A Quarterly Journal o f Maritime History. 1947.
Vol. 7. P. 298-314.
Myers C. Queen o f the Confederacy // Civil War Times Illustrated.
1996, Vol. 35 (6). P. 72-78.
Nathans S. Daniel Webster and Jacksonian Democracy. Baltimore:
The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1973. XIV, 249 p.
Nathans S. Daniel Webster, Massachusetts Man // New England
Quarterly. 1966. Vol. 39. June. P. 161181.
Neering R. Continental Dash: The Russian-American Telegraph.
Vancouver, Winnipeg: Horsdal Schubart, 1989. xii, 231 p.
Nelson A.K.Destiny and Diplomacy, 18401865//American Foreign
Relations: A Historiographical Review / Ed. by G.K. Haines, J.S. Walker.
Westport, Conn. 1981. P. 4964.
Nepomnyashchy C.T. Pushkins The Bronze Horseman and Irvings
The Legend o f Sleepy Hollow: A Curious Case O f Cultural CrossFertilization? // Slavic Review. 1999. Vol. 58. 2. P. 337-351.
Neuhauser R. Notes on Early Russian-American Cultural Relations
//Canadian Slavic Studies. 1967. Vol. 1. 3. P. 461-473.
Newmyer R.K. Daniel Webster as Tocquevilles Lawyer // American
Journal o f Legal History. 1967. Vol. 11. P. 127147.

471

Niven J. John C.Calhoun and the Price o f Union: a Biography. Baton


Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1988. XVI, 367 p.
Niven J. Martin Van Buren: The Romantic Age o f American Politics.
New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983. X II, 715 p.
Nolan C.J. Detachment from Despotism: US Responses to Tsarism,
1776 1865 // Review o f International Studies [Great Britain]. 1993. Vol. 19.
4. P. 349-368.
Nunis D.B. American Political Thought: Search for Nationhood. From
Alexander Hamilton to Abraham Lincoln. Menlo Park (Cal.): Addison
Wesley, 1975. 191 p.
Oeste G.A. John Randolph Clay: Americas First Career Diplomat.
Philadelphia: University o f Pennsylvania Press, 1966. 602 p.
Ogg F.A. Daniel Webster. Philadelphia: G.W. Jacobs and Co, 1914.433 p.
Oliva L.J. America Meets Russia: 1854//Journalism Quarterly. 1963.
Vol. 40. 1. P. 65-69.
Oliver V.M . Pre-Marxist Russian Radicals and the American
Civil War // Journal o f Negro History. 1953 (October). Vol. 38. 4 .
P. 428-437.
Paolino E.N. The Foundations o f the American Empire: William
Henry Seward and U.S. Foreign Policy. Ithaca; London: Cornell University
Press, 1973. 237 p.
Parish P. Daniel Webster, New England, and the West // Journal of
American History. 1967. Vol. 54. 3. P. 524549.
Parry A. Cassius Clays Glimpse into the Future: Lincolns Envoy to
St. Petersburg Bade the Two Nations Meet in East Asia // Russian Review.
1943 (Spring). Vol. 2. 2. P. 5267.
Parry A. John B. Turchin: Russian General in the American Civil
War // Russian Review. 1942 (April). Vol. 1. 2. P. 4460.
Parry A. More on General Turchin // Russian Review. 1955 (January).
Vol. 14. 1. P. 19-23.
Parry A. Yankee Whalers in Siberia // Russian Review. 1946 (Spring).
Vol. 5. 2. P. 3649.
Pessen E. Jacksonian America: Society, Personality, and Politics.
Urbana; Chicago: University o f Illinois Press, 1985. 379 p.
Peterson M.D. The Great Triumvirate: Webster, Clay, and Calhoun.
New York: Oxford univ. press, 1987. X, 573 p.
Pivany E. Hungarian American Historical Connections from PreColumbian Times to the End o f the American Civil War: A Treatise read
(in part) on the Occasion o f Assuming His Seat as a Foreign Member of
the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, October 4, 1926. Budapest:
Royal Hungarian University Press, 1927. 64 p.
Pletcher D.M .The Diplomacy o f Annexation: Texas, Oregon, and
the Mexican War. Columbia: Univ. o f Missouri press, 1973. X III, 656 p.

472

Pletcher D.M.The Diplomacy o f Involvement: American Economic


Expansion across the Pacific, 1784 1900. Columbia: University o f Missouri
press, 2001. xi, 379 p.
Pletcher D.M. James K.Polk and the Rewards of Rushness // Makers
of American Diplomacy: From Benjamin Franklin to Alfred Thayer Mahan.
New York, 1974. P. 165-194.
Poage G.R. Henry Clay and the Whig Party. Gloucester (Mass.):
P. Smith, 1965. (lsted. - 1936). 295 p.
Pratt J.W. The Ideology o f American Expansion // Essays in Honor
of William E. Dodd / Ed. Avery Craven. Chicago, 1935. P. 335353.
Pushkarev S.G. Russia and the West: Ideological and Personal Contacts
before 1917 // Russian Review. 1965 (April). Vol. 24. 2. P. 138 164.
Queen G.S. The McCormick Harvesting Machine Company in Russia
// Russian Review. 1964 (April). Vol. 23. 2. P. 164181.
Rand L.A. America Views Russian Serf Emancipation 1861 // MidAmerica. 1968. Vol. 50, 1. P.4251.
Reeves J.S.American Diplomacy under Tyler and Polk.Gloucester,
Mass.: P. Smith, 1967 (1st ed. - 1907). 335 p.
Reforming the Tsars Army: Military Innovation in Imperial Russia
from Peter the Great to the Revolution / Ed. by David Schimmelpennink
van der Oye and Bruce W. Menning. Washington, DC; Cambridge: Woodrow
Wilson Press and Cambridge University press, 2004. xi, 361 p.
Reingold N. Good Place to Study Astronomy // Library of Congress
Quarterly Journal. 1963. Vol. 20. 4. P. 211217.
Reinhartz D. A Convergence o f Eagles: Poland and the Cold War
Diplomacy ofthe American Civil War Era, 18561867 //Continuity. 1987.
Vol. 11. P. 23-37.
Remini R.V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Democracy,
1833 1845. New York: Harper Row, 1984. XXIII. 638 p.
Remini R.V. The Jacksonian Era. Arlington Heights (111.): H. Davidson,
1989. X, 139 p.
Riasanovsky N,V. Russia and the West in the Teaching o f the
Slavophiles: A Study o f Romantic Ideology. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard
University Press, 1952. 244 p.
Robertson J.R. A Kentuckian At the Court o f the Tsars: The Ministry
o f Cassius Marcellus Clay to Russia, 18611862 and 1863 1869. Berea
College, Ky: The Berea College Press, 1935. 286 p.
Rodrigues M. The Prometheus and the Clayton Bulwer Treaty
//Journal o f Modem History. 1964. Vol. 36. P.260278.
Roeckell L.M. Bonds Over Bondage: British Opposition to the Annexation
ofTexas//Journal of the Early Republic. 1999. Summer. Vol. 19. 2. P. 257278.
Rogger H. America in the Russian Mind or Russian Discoveries
of America// Pacific Historical Review. 1978. Vol. 47. 1. P. 2751.

475

Rohrs R. .1American Critics o f the French Revolutions o f 1848


//Journal ofthe Early Republic. 1994. Vol. 14. P. 359377.
Russel R.R. Improvement o f Communication with the Pacific Coast
as an Issue in American Politics, 1783 1864. Cedar Rapids (la.): TorchPress, 1948. V III, 332 p.
Russel R.R. What Was the Compromise o f 1850? // Journal o f Southern
Histoiy. 1956. Vol. 22. 3.

Russian-American Dialogue on Cultural Relations, 1776 1914 / Ed.


by Norman E. Saul and Richard D. McKinzie. Columbia: University o f
Missouri Press, 1997. xiv, 261 p.
Rutland R. James Madison, Foreign Policy, arid the Union
// Traditions and Values: American Diplomacy, 1790 1865. Lanham,
London: University Press o f America, 1985. P. 5774.
Ruttenburg N. Silence and Servitude: Bondage and Self-Invention in
Russia and America, 1780 1861 // Slavic Review. 1992 (Winter). Vol. 51.
4. P. 731-748.
Saul N.E. Beverley C. Sanders and the Expansion o f American Trade
with Russia, 1853 1855 // Maryland Historical Magazine. 1972. Vol. 67.
Summer. P. 156170.
Saul N.E. Distant Friends: the United States and Russia, 1763 1867.
Lawrence (Kan.): University Press o f Kansas, 1991. 448 p.
Schroeder J.H. Dilemmas o f Dissent: Congress and Opposition to
the Mexican War// Capitol Studies. 1975. Vol. 3. Fall. P. 1530.
Schroeder J.H. Mr. Polks War: American Opposition and Dissent,
1846 1848. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1973. XVI, 184 p.
Schroeder J.H. Shaping a Maritime Empire: The Commercial and
Diplomatic Role ofth e American Navy, 1829 1861. Westport (Conn.),
London: Greenwood, 1985. 229 p.
Seaburg C., Paterson S. Merchant Prince o f Boston. Colonel .. Perkins,
1764 1854. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1971. XI, 478 p.
Seager R. And Tyler Too. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1963. 681 p.
Shengold D. From the Other Shore: Alexander Herzen on James
Buchanan // Slavic Review. 1992 (Winter). Vol. 51. 4. P. 758766.
Shewmaker K.E. Congress Only Can Declare War and The
President Is Commander in Chief: Daniel Webster and the War Power
// Diplomatic History.Vol.l2. 4.Fall 1988.P. 383409.
Shewmaker K.E. Daniel Webster and American Conservatism
// Traditions and Values: American Diplomacy, 1790 1865/ Ed. Norman
A. Graebner. Lanham; New York: Univ. press of America, 1985. P. 129 151.
Shewmaker K.E. Daniel Webster and the Oregon Question // Pacific
Historical Review. 1982. Vol. 51. 2. May. P. 195201.
Shewmaker K.E. Daniel Webster and the Politics o f Foreign Policy
//Journal o f American History. 1976. Vol. 63. 2. September. P. 303-313.

474

Shewmaker K.E. Forging the Great Chain: Daniel Webster and


the Origins o f American Foreign Policy Toward East Asia and the Pacific,
1841 1852 // Proceedings o f the American Philosophical Society. 1985.
Vol. 129. 3. September. P. 225259.
Shewmaker K.E. Hook and Line, and Bob and Sinker: Daniel
Webster and the Fisheries Dispute o f 1852 // Diplomatic History. 1985.
Vol. 9. 2. Spring. P. 113-129.
Shewmaker K.E. Neill S. Browns Mission to Russia, 185053
// Diplomacy Statecraft. 2001. December. Vol. 12. 4. P. 8198.
Shewmaker K.E.Untaught Diplomacy: Daniel Webster and the
Lobos Islands Controversy // Diplomatic History. 1977. Vol. 1. 4. Fall.
P. 321-340.
Shewmaker K.E. This Unblessed War: Daniel Websters Opposition
to the War o f 1812 // Historical New Hampshire. 1998. Vol. 53. 12
(Spring-Summer). P. 2145.
Shewmaker K.E. The War o f Words: The Cass Webster Debate
o f 184243 // Diplomatic History. 1981. Vol. 5. 2. Spring. P. 151 163.
Sivachev N.V., Yakovlev N .N . Russia and the United States. Chicago:
University o f Chicago press, 1979. xv, 301 p.
Slick S.E. William Wilkins: Pittsburgher Extraordinary // Western
Pennsylvania Historical Magazine. December 1939. Vol. 22. 4. P. 217236.
Small M. Democracy Diplomacy: The Impact o f Domestic Politics
on US Foreign Policy, 1789 1994. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University
Press, 1996. xix, 202 p.
Smiley D.L. Lion o f the White Hall: The Life o f Cassius M. Clay.
Madison: University o f Wisconsin Press, 1962. xiii, 294 p.
Smith E.B. The Presidencies o f Zachary Taylor Millard Fillmore.
Lawrence (Kan.): University Press o f Kansas, 1988. XI, 302 p.
Snyder C.M. The Jacksonian Heritage: Pennsylvania Politics, 1833
1848. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1958.
x, 256 p.
Sorokin P. Russia and the United States. New York: Literary classics,
Inc., 1944. 253 p.
Spenser D.S. Louis Kossuth and Young America: A Study o f
Sectionalism and Foreign Policy 1848 1852. Columbia: University o f
Missouri Press, 1977. VII, 204 p.
Squire P.S. The Third Department: The Establishment and Practices
o f the Political Police in the Russia o f Nicholas I. London; New York:
Cambridge University Press, 1968. 272 p.
Starr S.F. Russias American Colony. Durham: Duke University Press,
1987.430 .
Stavrianos L.S. The Rumor of Russian Intrigue in the Rebellion o f 1837
// Canadian Historical Review. 1937. Vol. 18. 4 (December). P. 367373.

475

Stephanson A. Kennan and the Art o f Foreign Policy. Cambridge,


Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1989. x, 380 p.
Stevens S.K. American Expansion in Hawaii, 1842 1898. Harrisburg:
Archives Publ. Co. o f Pennsylvania, 1945. V III, 320 p.
Stuart R.C. United States Expansionism and British North America,
1775-1871. Chapel Hill, 1988.
Tarsaidze A. American Pioneers in Russian Railroad Building // Russian
Review. 1950 (October). Vol. 9. 4. P. 286295.
Tarsaidze A. Czars and Presidents: The Story o f a Forgotten
Friendship.New York: McDowell, Obolensky, 1958. xiv, 385 p.
Tefft B.F. Life o f Daniel Webster. Philadelphia: Porter Coates,
1854. 498 p.
Thomas B.P. Russo-American Relations, 18151867 / Johns Hopkms
University Studies in Historical and Political Science. Vol. 48. 2. Baltimore:
The John Hopkins Press, 1930. 185 p.
Traditions and Values: American Diplomacy, 1790 1865 / Ed.by
Norman A.Graebner. Lanham (Md.): University Press o f America, 1985.
XIV, 177 p.
Tyler L.G. President John Tyler and the Ashburton Treaty // William
and M a r y C o l l e g e Quarterly Historical Magazine. 1916. Vol. 25. 1. July. P. 18.
Tymer-Tymauer A.R. Lincoln and the Emperors. New York: Harcout,
Brace World, 1962. 176 p.
Van Alstyne R.W. American Diplomacy in Action. 2nd ed.Stanford
(Ca.): Stanford University Press; London: Oxford University Press, 1947.
XIV, 836 p.
Van Alstyne R.W. Empire in Midpassage, 1845 1867 // From Colony
to Empire: Essays in the History o f American Foreign Relations / Ed. by
W.A. Williams. New York: John Wiley Sons, 1972. P. 83 133.
Van Alstyne R.W. The Rising American Empire. Oxford: B. Blackwell,
1960.215 .
Van Alstyne R.W. The United States and East Asia. London: Thames
and Hudson, 1973. 180 p.
Van Deusen G.G. The Rise and Decline o f Jacksonian Democracy.
New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1970. V III, 262 p.
Van Deusen G.G. Some Aspects o f Whig Thought and Theory in
the Jacksonian Period // American Historical Review. 1958. Vol. 63. 2.
P. 305-322.
Varg P.A. N e w England and Foreign Relations, 1789-1850. Hanover,
N. H.: Univ. press of New England, 1982. 260 p.
Varg P.A. United States Foreign Relations, 1820 1860. East Lansing:
Michigan State univ. press, 1979. XV, 315 p.
Vevier C. American Continentalism. An Idea o f Expansion, 1845
1910 //American Historical Review. 1960. Vol. 65. P. 323335.

476

W alicki A. Adam Gurowski: Polish N ationalism , Russian


Panslavism and American Manifest Destiny // Russian Review 1979
Vol. 38. 1. P. 1-26.
Watson H.L. Liberty and Power: the Politics o f Jacksonian America.
New York: The Noonday Press, 1990. 275 p.
Webster and the War Spirit // Nation: A Weekly Journal Devoted to
Politics, Literature, Science, Art. 1895. Vol. 60. P. 141 142.
Weeks W.E. John Quincy Adamss Great Gun and the Rhetoric o f
American Empire // Diplomatic History. 1990. Vol. 14. 1. P. 2542.
Weeks W.E. New Directions in the Study o f Early American Foreign
Relations/./ Diplomatic History. 1993. Vol. 17. P. 7396.
Weinberg A.K. Manifest Destiny: A Study o f Nationalist Expansionism
in American History. Chicago: 1963. X III, 559 p.
Welter R. The Mind o f America, 1820-1860. New York; London:
Columbia University Press, 1975. XVI, 603 p.
Wermuth P.C. Paradise Lost: A Poet in the Political Labyrinth
// Pennsylvania Heritage. 1992. Vol. 18. 2. P. 49.
Westwood J.N. A History o f Russian Railways. London: George Allen
and Unwin Ltd, 1964. 328 p.
Whittaker C.H. The Origins o f M odern Russian Education:
An Intellectual Biography o f Count Sergey Uvarov, 1786 1855. De Calb,
111.: Northern Illinois University Press, 1984. x, 348 p.
Whittaker C. The White Negro: Russian and American Abolition
// North Dakota Quarterly. 1965. Vol. 33. 2. P. 3237.
W idenor W .C. Henry Cabot Lodge and the Search for an
American Foreign Policy. Berkeley: University o f California Press 1980
XI, 389 p.
Wilhelm L.J.Diplomat Clay Goes to Russiafor Lincoln // Daughters
ofthe American Revolution Magazine. 1974. Vol. 108. 4. P. 332335.
Williams W. A. American-Russian Relations, 1781 1947. New York,
Toronto: Rinehart Co, 1952. 367 p.
Wilson M.L. The Concept o f Time and the Political Dialogue in the United
States, 18281848 //American Quarterly. 1967. Vol. 19. Winter. P. 619644.
Wilson M.L. Liberty and Union: An Analysis o f Three Concepts
Involved in the Nullification Controversy // Journal o f Southern History.
1967. Vol. 33. August. P. 331355.
Wilson M.L. O f Time and the Union: Webster and His Critics in the
Crisis of 1850 // Civil War History. 1968. 14. December. P. 293306.
Wilson M.L. Republicanism and the Idea o f Party in the Jacksonian
Period // Journal of the Early Republic. 1988. Vol. 8. P. 419442.
Wilson M.L. Space, Time, and Freedom: the Quest for Nationality
and the Irrepressible Conflict, 1815 1861. [Contributions in American
History, 35] Westport, Conn., London: Greenwood Press, 1974. X, 309 p.

477

Wilson W A. Empire as a Way o f Life: An Essay on the Causes and


Character o f Americas Present Predicament, Along with a Few Thoughts
about an Alternative. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980. XIV, 226 p.
Wiltse Ch.M. Daniel Webster and the British Experience// Proceedings
ofthe Massachusetts Historical Society. 1973. Vol. 85. P. 5877.
Wiltse Ch.M. John C.Calhoun. 3 vols. Indianapolis: Bobbs Merrill
Co, 1944-1951.
Woldman A. A. Lincoln and the Russians. Cleveland: World Publishing
Co., 1952. ix, 311 p.
Woodford F.B. Lewis Cass: the Last Jeffersonian. New Brunswick
(N .J.): Rutgers University press, 1950. IX, 380 p.
Woodcock G. Radical Jack: John George Lambton, First Earl of
Durham//History Today. 1959. Vol. 9. 1. P. 3-12.
Writing the History o f U.S. Foreign Relations: A Symposium
// Diplomatic History. 1990. Vol. 14. P. 554606.

: - /
. .. . : , 1996. 1186 .
., .
, . .: .
., 1858.
. 1. , 1812 1852. XX, XIV, 150, 12 .
. 2. , 1834 1854/ . . .
4, 70, 4 .
. 3. , 1845 1850.
2, V III, 40 .
. 5. , 1825 1834. V, 57, 3 .
.. , 1839 1848.
. .: . 1985.688 .

: . .:
, 1994. 235 .
.., .. ,
XIX
XX .: - . : -
, 1998. 56 .
. . IXXII. I. .,
1897-1900.

478

,
(18081812 1839 1861). .: . ., 1861. 71 .
. 1802 1902. .:
. , 2002 (. . 1902 .). 240 .
.. ,
. .: .
, 1881. 6, 102, 43 .
. 1856-1860. ., 1867.
: . 17281995.
., 1998.
: 25 . ., 18961918; .:
-, 19922000.
,
18481853.1. . .: . ., 1854. 56 .
18581861 .
4 1868 . .: .
, 1868. 154 .
, 1826
1865. .: . , 1866. VIII, 176 .

/ . . .. . .: -
, 1997. 732 .
, 1848 1872 . /
. . .: . , 1875. XLIV, 767, 108 .
.. .
. 18021917. . .: , 2001. 831 .
- X V III
XX / . .. . .: , 2001. 696 .
American Diplomatic History before 1900 / Ed.Norman A.Graebner.
Arlington Heights (111.): A H M Publishing Corp., 1978. XVI, 117 p.
The Anglo-American Relationship. An Annotated Bibliography of
Scholarship, 19451985 / David A.Lincove, Gary R.Treadway, eds.New
York: Greenwood Press, 1988. 415 p.
Findling J.E. Dictionary o f American Diplomatic History. 2nd ed.
New York: Westport (Conn.): Greenwood Press, 1989. 674 p.
Golder F.A. Guide to the Materials for American History in Russian
Archives, Washington: Carnegie Institution, 1917. 177 p.
Guide to American Foreign Relations since 1700 / Ed. by Richard
D. Bums. Santa-Barbara (Cal.): ABC-Clio, 1983. XXVI, 1311 p.
Hasse A.R. Index to United States Documents Relating to Foreign
Affairs, 1828 1861. In 3 parts. Washington: Carengie Institution, 1914
1921.

__________________ ____________________________________________________ 4 7 9

Libbey J.K. American-Russian Economic Relations: A Survey o f Issues


and References. Claremont, CA: Regina books, 1989. xiii, 202 p.
Ncrhood H.W. To Russia and Return: an Annotated Bibliography o f
Travelers English-Language Accounts o f Russia from the Ninth Century
to the Present. [Columbus]: Ohio State University Press, 1968. viii, 367 p.
The Papers o f Andrew Jackson: Guide and Index to the Microfilm
editions / Harold D. Moser et al, eds. Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources,
1987. lxviii, 343 p.
Van Doren M. Bibliography o f Websteriana// Cambridge History o f
American Literature / Ed. by W.P.Trent and others. 4 vols. New York;
Cambridge (England): Macmillan, 1931 (1st ed. 1918). P. 480488.





NARS
PDW

WJB

,
. .
,
. .
-
.
- , . -.
-
, .

, . -.
National Archives and Record Service, Washington,
DC.
[Webster D .] The Papers o f Daniel Webster. Series
14 / Ed. Charles M . Wiltse. Hanover (N . H .):
University Press o f N e w England, 1974 1986.
[Buchanan J.] Th e W orks o f James Buchanan,
Comprising his Speeches, State Papers, and Private
Correspondence / Ed. by John Bassett Moore. 12 vols.
Philadelphia: Lippincott C o., 1908 1911.

.. 166
.. 43, 44, 51, 79, 201,
207
. 108
I 43, 238
II (
, . .) 72, 180,
183, 194, 261, 271, 275, 342,
380, 410
, .
267, 378
143
. 23
A.JI. 15, 107
.. 199
. 34, 223, 224
. 105
. . 197
.. 16, 17, 293
.. 222
, ( .) 75

.. 197, 279, 384


. 217
. 382
264
-- .. 236
. 185, 219, 239
. 186
. 21
.. 291, 292
. . 390, 392
128, 132, 133
.. 167, 233, 353

. 269
.. 236
. 296, 297
.. 152, 153
3. 320
- . 397
. 305
. . 200
. 58, 60, 61
. 352
. . 165, 166
.. 136, 139, 140,
145
.. 49, 50, 5257,
62 -64 , 66, 68, 71-75, 77, 79,
83, 90, 91, 93, 95, 101-103, 106,
108, , 114, 126-138, 145,
156-158, 160, 161, 182-184,
186, 192, 220, 229, 269, 273,
277, 278, 315, 317, 355
.. 273, 279
.. 278
. 360
() 159, 161,
162
. 228
.. 11 14, 16,
17, 30, 31, 45, 48, 103, 140, 144,
146, 196, 199, 209, 270, 354,
387, 391
16,
104, 307
87, 219
.. 262
190
. 21
() .. 128, 132, 133

481

. 95, 98, 99, 101, 102,


108, 231, 240, 249-254, 410
. 170
. 266, 389
. 268
.. 65, 70-75, 229,
230, 355, 379
. 98, 99
.. 357
. 254, 255
- .-. 106,
107
.. 168, 171, 184
. 29, 32, 45, 47, 52,
54, 82, 84, 86-89, 91, 115-117,
120, 121, 142, 180, 207-214,
216-220, 236, 257, 263, 294,
332, 343, 347-354, 362, 363, 371,
372, 378-381, 410
. 214, 216, 217, 348
. 91-93,212, 249
() . 261
. 261, 262
() . 383
. 47, 49, 51, 63, 70,
315

. 102, 269
. 266268, 276,
376, 386
. 387
.. 65
B.C. 156, 174
. 268
.. 156, 170, 171,
174, 180, 181
.. 156
.. 185, 263, 268,
318, 332, 344, 356, 375, 381, 382
- .. 76
.. 48, 81
185

. .99, 101
. 27
.. 378

X. 66, 67
. 276
.. 200, 284, 285, 359,
360
. 137
. 137
. 373
. 210
()
159, 161, 162, 170-172, 175,
193, 235, 387
332
.. 51, 70, 72, 228,
229
. 145, 146
() . 218, 263
II. 138
., 156
.. 10, 279, 343-346,
372, 373, 402, 404
. 46, 161, 210, 263, 264
. . 257, 295
' . 63, 315
.. 228
. 22
. 19, 23,
.. 22, 208, 255, 275,
303-307, 274, 280-283
.. 144 146, 274,
280-284, 393
.. 112, 114, 121,201
.. 296
.. 336, 397
. . 357
. 166, 376
. 232
.. 303
228

482

. 137
.
. 146, 147, 150, 151,
259, 275, 299-303, 370, 375
. J1. 22, 23, 26

.. 147, 274, 393


. 92, 367
.. 32, 48, 49, 5760,
62, 63, 86, 124, 125, 155, 161,
183, 184, 208,215, 218-220, 266,
276, 329, 355, 356, 376, 379,
381, 382, 386, 388
. . 20
, ( .) 64
. 189
- . 341, 405
. . 233
. 106
. . 180
185
. 44, 46, 47, 49, 51,
53, 87, 109, 137, 209, 210, 213,
214, 218, 219, 350-352, 361,
378, 379, 382, 399, 402, 403
. . 184
. . 186
. 47
. 187, 190
.. 185, 268, 319-321
.. 125-129, 292
.. 353
.. 383, 384, 392,
394
.. 186, 187
.. 87-89, 347, 365
. 24, 31, 114
. 270, 397
- .. 152
383
.. 368370
138

.. 14, 143, 144


, . 329, 388
3
277
.. 337
.. (.) 263, 332, 375
.. 14, 15, 98, 101

.. 11, 42
.. 16, 394
.. 17, 18
..195, 386
. 88, 91, 185, 212
. 257
.. 17,356,400
() . 159, 161,
162, 170-172, 175, 193, 235

. 305
. . 146, 196
.. 385
. 71, 72, 161,221
227, 232, 240, 248, 249, 316, 387
III 104
.. 56, 134, 140, 165,
166, 233, 354
.. 233
. 403
. . 278
. . 186
.. 336339, 341,
342, 360, 397-405
. 352
. 201, 254, 413
.. 254, 255
61, 62
.. 11, 164, 165
. 375

48?

.. 395
. 24, 25, 30,
.. 382
... 64,
..
. 43, 44, 46, 51, 54, 201,
278, 332, 361
.. 45, 46, 48, 49, 84,
219
.. 381
.. 168, 233
.. 54, 9193, 98,
367
. 343
.. 337, 397, 402
.. 10, 196, 201
198
392
. 55, 128, 129, 182, 183,
187-191, 195
,
.. 148, 152, 198, 291, 380
143
.. 185, 186
. 258
321
. . 277
. 93, 323, 329, 367, 373
.. 133, 157-161, 163,
164, 166-170, 172-176, 180
. 55, 129131, 165, 166,
277
. 260
.. 197, 384
.. 140, 146, 147
.. 141, 227
. 155 157, 164, 165,
178
(,
) .. 43, 44, 49, 52,
55, 66, 277, 379
.-. 43, 277
. 43, 44

.. 66, 67, 98
.. 233
. 188
. . 386, 405
. . 236
.. 44, 79, 80, 81,
199, 260, 318, 361, 366, 400, 401
. 122, 137
. 387, 388
. 241, 242, 272, 312

112
. 21, 22
() 131, 132
.. 150, 294, 295, 298,
384, 394
. 295, 297, 388
.. 260
.. 11
.. 373
. 264, 265
139
() .X. 353
.. 353
. 45, 46, 213, 214,
218, 220, 350-354, 363, 372, 380
. 343
.. 186, 188, 189
. 262, 381, 401
.. 233
. 260
218

. 373
. 47, 211, 212, 218,
343, 350, 354, 381
. 194, 243248,
263, 365
. 312, 349
.. 11, 12
. 388

484

. 263
X. 99
.. 109-112, 115-120,
149, 150, 190, 193, 198, 208,
220, 289, 373, 380
. 388, 389
.. 113
.. 191, 192
208
143
.. 133, 155 161,
163-171, 173-181, 200, 202,
274, 277, 280, 292, 393
. 262
.. 57, 128, 135,
136, 138, 144
. 276
.. 329
.. 231
. 185, 191, 192, 271
.. 145
264
. 185
.. 219, 240243, 248
. 352
.. 10, 146, 196, 197,
384
. . 104
70

. 181
. 61, 63
.. 44, 45, 4855,
57, 60, 62-64, 68, 70-75, 77, 78,
83, 90, 91, 93, 95, 98, 101-103,
106, 108, 110, 111, 118, 130,
131, 133, 134, 156-158, 161,
183,185,211,218,220,229,
230, 233, 250, 266, 269, 315,
317, 350-355, 378, 379
I 22, 49, 5760, 6365,
70-72, 77, 82, 103, 123-125,

4 85

135, 136, 138, 155, 156, 165-167,


169, 172, 182, 183, 185, 195,
213, 216-219, 224-226, 231,
233, 239, 240, 243, 244, 246,
248, 252-255, 267, 296, 313,
319, 326, 327, 343, 349, 355,
365, 368, 373, 374, 377, 378,
380, 381, 387, 405, 410
.. 18, 30, 387, 391
.. 27, 312, 346
() . 159 163
.. 17, 395, 396

. 63, 223, 315,


316, 318
.. 22
. 373
- . 52, 351, 354
- . 278
168
. 154
., 44

.. 18, 19
.. 276
... 62, 63, 72,
73,
.-. 63
.. 270
. 259, 303, 375
92
.. 268
.. 229
.. 144, 186
.. 108, 399
1 190, 191, 195, 217, 219,
233, 237, 241-245, 327, 373, 405,
410
() . 260262
. 261
. 121, 122, 260-262

. 74, 79,
127, 128, 134, 156-158
. 106, 107
.. 279
.. 236
.. 263, 264
.. 31,
.. 273, 276
.. 192
.. 83, 86, 88, 91, 249,
363
.. 13, 14, 31, 114,
119, 145, 270
254
.. 16
.. 62, 63
264
264
. 373
.. 108
.. 217, 233, 387,
389-391
185

. 352
. 251,252
. 186
. 376
. 404
. 185
.. 185, 281, 282, 406
. 208, 349, 375,
376, 410
.. 22

376
. 266, 267, 389
. 266, 334
.. 372
. 228
.. 22

. 104106
.. 109, 111, 112, 115,
116, 118-121,: 149, 189, 190,
198, 220, 255, 256, 296, 297,
336, 360, 373, 374, 380
-... 357
.. 99, 121, 144
X. 201
.. 16, 96
. 130138
. 130, 131, 133, 135
. 268, 278
. 211, 348, 349
.. 386
... 192
138
. 11, 23, 24, 113, 136, 223,
227, 269, 361
1.. 20
X. 58
.. 254
.. 11, 387, 391, 392
.. 93, 98, 106, 114, 118, 148, 187-190, 198,
250, 275, 277
- . 343
.. 210, 211, 332
.. 217, 266, 311,
332, 333
.. 199
.. 18, 30,
. 72, 73,
143
X. 269
. . 236
. 257
.. 189, 190
. . 381

. 68, 70, 83, 104, 229


. 21
253, 254

487

486

. 387
. 95
.. 58, 61, 6366, 315
. 228
.. 73-84, 141, 142, 169,
172, 180, 183, 184, 221, 227-240,
243, 246-254, 318, 330, 367,
368, 376, 411
. 7, 17, 275, 301,
311, 345, 355, 356, 358, 359,
363, 377, 382, 386, 399
. . 155, 156, 165-167
.. 19, 25,
. 198
.. 267
. 267, 389
.. 103,104
.. 22
.. ( .)
11, 275
. 108, 195,271
3. 86, 91, 398
257
V
() . 170
.. .. 24, 170 172,
175, 193, 194, 235
.. 32, 187, 190, 256-260,
295, 336, 338-342, 360, 375
.. 296
. 266, 318, 333, 344,
356, 381
. 46-48, 52, 208, 214,
215, 219, 354, 355
. 269
IV 64
.. 21
. . 169
.. 24, 159, 167 169,
171, 175, 183, 226, 235, 247, 249
.. 169, 247, 249
. 373

. 254
. . 373
. 217
. 278
() 148, 150
() . 10, 44, 46,
68, 70-75, 77, 78, 80-83, 93-95,
98, 99, 101-106, 136, 153, 154,
161, 210, 229-231, 249-253,
278, 306, 316, 330, 336, 341,
362, 367, 368, 398-404
264

. 80
.. 241
.. 43
253, 254
. 93, 94, 99, 105
. 272, 328, 335
.. 267
.., 134
. 47, 60, 125, 210,
215, 219, 264, 354, 355
. 268
() 178
.. 285
. 92
X
.. 188
. 198
. 254, 255
.. 92, 93
. 149, 150, 193
379
. 400
. 46
. 21, 22
X. 303
. 257
.. 22, 396
.. 21, 268

() . 247
.. 247
.-. 9395, 106, 107

.. 294, 297299,
345

.. 10, 335, 336,


387, 395
.. 331
. 63
139
.. .. 192
. . 184
.. 11
. 247
.. 293, 294
. 49
. 105, 106

.., 127-130,
132-140, 152, 157
127, 128, 134, 156-158
. 198, 199, 359
. 93
. 372
.. 148, 151, 152,
197-199, 274, 275, 285-288,
290-292, 295, 359, 377, 393
.. 152
.. 191, 192,284
. 193
.. 231, 255
217

. 199
. 74, 94, 107, 108, 169,
318, 343, 345, 346, 398
. 21

. 129, 182
.. 259
.. 17,18,299, 377
139

:
1 8 5 0 - 1 8 5 0 -

..
. .
..
..

18.07 2005 . 60x84/16.


. . . . . 29,0.
.-. . 31,2. 300 . / ? 93.

.
400062, . , . , 100.