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4703020100-005
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B hattacharjee, Teachers).

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7 . Deussen, P hilosophie, S. 22 sq.; Wlnternltz, History, p. 205sq.;
Dasgupta, H istory, p. 39; Keith, R eligion, p. 498 sq.; PU, p. 21 sq.; 01denberg, Lehre, S. 249, 294, Anm. 8, 308, Anm. 185; Ranade, Survey.


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8 Wecker, S. 91; . B. Llebich, P anini, Leipzig, 1891, S. 37, 62 sq.;
V. S. Agravala, India as known to P anini, Allahabad, 1953, pp. 333,475.
9 Cp. Ranade, Survey, p. 13 (1200600 . . Belvalkar, p. 135);
PU, 22 (VIIIVII .); Dasgupta, H istory, p. 39 (. 500 . . .);
L. Renou, J. Filliozat, V I n d e classiquef t. I, Paris, 1947, p. 299 ( ); 01denberg, Lehre, S. 249, 308, Anm. 185 ( ) .
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o f the Brahmanas, IHQ, vol. X, 1934, p. 540 ( 1180 . . .);
D. S. Triveda, Indian chronology (6701 . . to 1958 . .), Bombay,
1959, p. 84 (2551 . . .) . .
10 Ruben, Philosophen, S. 156 sq.
11 R. Garbe, Indien und das Christentum, Tiibingen, 1914, S. 218; cp.
A. Hillebrandt, Aus Brahmanas und Upanisaden, Jena, 1921, S. II, 170;
Anm. 2223.
12 ., ,
23 24 9 (Renou, Separation, p. 94).
13 ., III. 14; IV.3; V.11 . . Deussen, P hilosophie, S. 356.

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16 CSe, p. 134.
16 . Ruben, Philosophen, S. 115 sq .; Bhattacharjee, Teachers,
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1951, p. 187 sq. ( . Chattopadhyaya, Upanishads); Mlshra,
p. 134 .

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u . . A. Patwardhan, Upanishads and modern
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3d Cp. Helmann, Tlefschlaf-, E. Abegg, Indische Traumtheorle and
Traum deutung, Asiatlsche Studien, 19j9, 14, S. 5 sq , .
89 Cp. W. Caland, Z ur E xegese und K ritik der rltuellen S u tra s,
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fu nctio n s o f breath. A study In early hlndu psycho-physics, JAOS,
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* . Ruben, Debatten, S. 238255; Ranade, Sur
vey, Ibidem; Dlwan Chand, Short studies in the Upanlshads, Allahabad,
1948, p. 27, .
81 Cp. Belvalkar, pp. 142143.
62 . H. Oldenberg, Z ur Qeschichte der altlndlschen Prosa m lt be-


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M . 4 ; Renou, Remarques, pp. 100102;
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19 Renou, Separation, p. 94.
M Przylusld, Influ en ces, pp. 303306; .
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The great epic o f India, New Haven, 1920, p. 27, .
73 . , . 37 ; . R. Raiade, The BhagavadgTta as
Philosophy o f God-reallsatlon, Nagpur, 1959, pp. 13, 17 sq.; ma, II. , . . . , , 1960, . 267;
G. V. Devasthall, Bhagavad-Glta and U p a n lsa d s, L. Sarup Memorial
volume, Hoshlarpur, 1934, pp. 132142, .
74 Cp. Bahadur Mai, The religion o f Buddha and Its relation to the
upanlshadlc thought, Hoshlarpur, 19">8, pp. 14, 17 .; Nakamura Hajlme,
U panlshadlc tradition and the early school o f Vedanta as noticed In
buddhlst scripture, HJAS, vol. 18, 1955, p. 74 sq., .
76
. , . 2122; . Harrison, . 229 sq.; . *
, , . 411 ; A. Sen-Gupta, Philosophy o f SHrhkhya
In U pan l$ a d s, Prabuddha bharata, vol. b2, 1957, pp. 107110.

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(. 3)
:
\ , , , , ,
. [] .
, .
, , .
, [] ,
. \ ! ! !
. , . 1.7.2; 5.
1.1. prapathaka (, ,
, ).
1.1.1. ( , ) ,
, ,
. ' !,
! (. ).
a, u, m (Brahmin, .) , -
(Vinu) - (Siva).
.
. A. Danilou, Le polyth6isme hlndou, Paris, 1950, p. 507 sq.
, , (. ).
. PU, 337.
(udgitham upasita)...
(saman),
, (. , II.2.1; 8.12).
.

, (.6) , *
(uktha), .
, (1.1.1),
(). . , . 161162. . SU, 6667; CS, 6; , 14 sq., 8990. upas .
, . 1718; , . 11; . 5; Senart, U pas, 575 sq.
1.1.2. (
),
, (rasa
: ) .
, ;
; ;
; (vac) ; (
) , ;
( , ),
;
, . . CS, 8; UM, 1
( UM, pt I).
1.1.3. ... . . ,
(. , 2).
1.1.5. . . . (*. .),
, ,
. . , . 1.2.1; 3.3
. . VN, II.4748.* ,
, (CS,.
).

. . . : < ()
, (. .
1.7.5.)
. . . , vac, . . Talavakara
upanlad-brahmaija, III.34.1 (SU, 68, Anm.l).
1.1.6. . . . . e.
(CS, 11).
1.1.7.


,
, , ,
. . . ,
. . , 1.1.8 .; ,
, . 110 .; J. . Chatter]!, The sig n ifica n ce o f
he phrase <cya evam vedp, in the upani?ads, JAOS, vol. 50, 19,
p. 323.

1.1.9. (trayi vldya)...


: , ; , -,
1 (. ,,
. 11.22.1),
: xomap (hotar) , #, (adhvaryu) . , (brah
man), ,
. . CS, 317318; , 45 sq.
(mahim.ia rasena)
, ,
; - (, . .)
.
: , ,
, . . CS, 13; UM,
.1. . ( ZSe, 2, .2) ,
(. , . 1.1.5), ^
, ^.
1.1.10. , . . . ,
, .
. . . . upani$ada PU, 339 CS, 14
meditatloi, (upaniada yogena medldative Insight). . (E. Senart, U pas, p. 575 sq., 583)
verehren. . (UM, 3 . 3)
. (SU, 69) ,
, . . . . ,
2 Upanishad; CSe, 2 verite; , 92 segreta dottrina.
1.2.1.
...
(deva) - (asura), .
( ) *
, (pranas): :, ,
, , (manas)
(mukhyah prarta). ,
, ,
. ,
(. PU 339
340; CS, 16). Bp, 1.3.1 .,
(, , , , )
. , ,
,
(. UM, 4, .1). . ,

! Talavakara upani$ad-brdhmanay 1.60;


II. 1; II.3; 11.10, , ,
. . SU, 69, Anm. 1; 385; , . 1.3.1.
1.2.1. (Praja >atl) ,
, ;
(Indra -, ), ,
,
.
1.2.2. (nasikyam )... ,
(=ghr3na). . . 1.3.3; . /, 1.7.1; II.7.1.
1.2.6. ...-, manas
,
( ). . CSe, 3, . 3; 60, . 3.
1.2.7. , (mukhya praija)
, (. , 1.2.2),
(CS, 21).
. . . akhaqa . . CSe, 3,
.; , Anm. 3.2 sq.; , 511, Aim. 364.
(vidadhvaqisur)... . , 24, 431 sq., Anm. 5, 6.
1.2.0.
...[ ] - . . . . PU, 341; SU, 70; UM, 6. . (, Anm. 3. 9) utkramati (
) utkramaiti (), , ,
, . . , 433
sq ., Aim. 8, 9. . CSe, 4, n.2; CS, 2223; UM, 5, n .2 ;. CPa, 94, n.l.
, ,
.
1.2.10. (Anglras) (,
irsi . 1.3.9), , , . . . VN, II. 3233.
, ,
(. . 1.1.7),
(. ). 1014,
:
1012
iti, , (. , 13)
, , . . . UM,
, .1.

[]
. . . anga
, rasa .
1.2.11. ... 1113 tena (. PU, 341;
S, 2324). . (, Aim. 3.11; 13; 15) , tena
. . CSe, 4.

(Bfhaspati : ,
. ) , ,
.
. . . brhati , pat! .
1.2.12. (A yas/a) . (. ; , . 1.3.8). , , -,
, 10.
asyad yad ayate.
1.2.13. (Baka Dalbhya), * Dalbhya
( ), ; ( , 41). . VN, 11.58.
. . . [ ] (naimi$iyanam)... . PUr
341; CS, 25; UM 6; B?h, 138, Aim. 7; VN, 1.450 . ,
Nalmia (, ;
, ), ,
, .
. ().
1.2.14. . . . . . ,
.
(Ity adhyatmam). .
,
, , (adhidalvatam 1.3.1),
, ,
atman; . . 1.7.2). .
1.5.2#3; 6.87.1; III. 18.1, , 1.5.
2122; II.3.34 . . (CSe, 4, .4; 44, .1) :
,
. . UM, 6, .2; , 435436, Aim. 11.
1.3.1. [ ] . . . ,
, ,
, ,
. . PU, 342; CS, 27; . CSe, 5, . 1.
, . . . : udgitham... udyan... udgayati.
. . . . . ().
1.3.2. . . . ... . UM, 7; SU, 71; CSe, 28; PU, 342.
(uijo)... ,
.
. . . , (svara... svara... pratyasvara) .
PU, 342; SU, 71; UM, 7. Svara ,
1; pratyasvara , (
). . CS, 28; UM, 7, .1.

svara,
(. , . 4. 5; CSe, 5). Praty3svara
: [. CSe, 5, . 3; ,
4; UM, ibid.; CPa, 9, . 1, , 436, . 12; (1.4.4)
svara].
1.3.3. , . . . vy3na
(pr5nas) ; . , III. 13.15; V.1923.
, (yadvai pranlti sa , yad apaniti so paJiafr)... , ,
(pranas) (. , III. 13.15; V.1923;
, 1.5.3; III.4.1; 9.26; , 3237 .);
, , ; , ; vyana ,
,
; udana ,
; samana ,
, , .
( ) (. ,
1.5.23; VI.4.1)11). PU, 342 sq., 406; CSe, 5 sq.; ,
4; , , 20; . . . Ewing, Hindu Conception, p. 249 sq
. (UM, 7 sq.) , . : upl
breathingd^wi breathing. -: . . CS, 29 sq.; SU, 71 sq.( .
. SU, 406, 515). . , 39, 95, . 2; A. Ml
nard, Trois '^ sur les cent chemins, t. II, Paris, 1956, pp. 181, 450. Ap
. W. Caland, Zur Exegese ut:d K ritik
rituellen Sutras, - ZDMG, Bd 51, 1897, S. 133134; Bd 55, 1901,
.S. 261 sq. . , . J.5.3; 23; P. Deussei, Die Philosophie der
U panishads, Leipzig, 1919, S. 248252; CPa, 33 sq. . .
Ui Schneider, D ie K om position der Aitareya upani$ad, 11J, vol. VII,
1933, 1, p. 61, n. 8.
, . . . ,
, ( v}3na . );
(. , 5).
1.3.4. ^ - . . (mantra)
, , ,
. , , ,
, .
1.3.6 . 67 : ud, gl, tha,

(. . 2):

ud

()^ (dyaus)
(vac)

(Adltya)

(Vayu)
(anta-

rikam)
tha

(annam)

(pfthlvi)

(AgnI)

. SU, 71; CSe, XIIXIII.


. . .
, . , ,
. . CS, 32; SU, 72.
, ... (u tti$ |h a ti) . Kay, III.3.
, ... gira.
, ... . . . sthitam.
1.3.7. , ., >
(. . I. 3.6); ,
(glranat); **,
(sthana) . yd, ;
, ; ,
. , , ; , ,
; *&>, (.
. 1.3.6 ) .

. . (UM, 8, . 1)
,
(ut, re, mi . .). . CS, 3334.
, . . . . , . 1.1.7.
. . . ,
, ,
. . CS,, 34;
UM, 9, . 1.
1.3.8. (aifo sam rddhlr)... . CSe* 6; UM,

10; , , 4. PU, 344 CS, 34 : the fulfillment of wishes;


S(J, 72 Gelingen des Segenswunsches; CPa, 9 6 - la riusclta del votl.
- upasaranani
.
1.3.9. (1 . , . 1.2.10)
, .
1.3.10. (tarn stom am )... stoma
,
3, 15, 17 21 (. CS, 35; VN, II, 485).
(sto$yam anah) ,
, , .
1.3.11. . . . ,
().
1.3.12. . . . . . .
(atmapam... u p asrty a...)
. , , 5; CSe, 6; UM, 10havl.ig approached himself; SU, 73
ziehe man slch zurtick auf sich selbst; PU, 344one should enter into one
self; CS, 37having thought about himself. ... . e.
, , . . (CS, 37).
(ap ram a tto )... . .
. .
, . . .
(. , 1.5.5; 7.9 .), , (UM 10,
. 2); (CS, 37),
. . BUH, S. 173, Anm. 95; , 15; Renou, Remarques,
p. 91.
1.4.1. 1.1.1.
(CS, 37).
.
1.4.2. (trayiip v id y a m )... . .
, . :
, ,
.

...
< . . . : chandobhi acchadaya ... tac
chandflsaip chandastvam (. , . 1.1.1.).
() . . , 437, Anm. 16.
1.4.3. . . . ,
, ; ,
, .
(sv aram )... . . (. , 1.3.2),
.

1.4.4. . . . a >noti . PU,


345; , 93; CS, 40 : ap n o tl adhyayanena svadhlnairi karotl. . , 437438, Anm. 18. Cp. UM, ll-w he.i a man has
mastered; SU, 73wenn man el ;e F ic anw e"det, . (CB, 5.18;
, 5) : samapnotl (beer.digt); CSe, 7.
, (etad akaram eti d a irrta m )... cp.
, . 1.1.5 akara.
1.4.5. (pranauti)... . , , 5; SU, 73; UM,
11; CSe, 7murmure; , 93mormora. (CS, 41) ,
: worships; . PU, 343praises.
. . . , *

.
1.5.1
(pranava),
, , *
(. UM, 12, . 1; CSe, 7, . 3).
. . . . , 1.3.1; . SU, 74.
, : ! . .
. , 1.1.8 (CS, 42).
1.5.2. Kuitaka, . .
VN, I. 194 195.
. . . , , :
, \: . . , 438
439, Anm. 19.
. adhldalvatam adhyatmam
. 1.2.14. :
() ; :
() .
1.5.3.
,
: !
, (. . 1.3:1),
,
. .
.
1.5.4. . . . . . ,
(),
(bhomanam)... . .
, . Bhoman (. , VI 1.23; CSe, 8,
. 3).
1.5.5. [ ] (hotradanad)... . .
(. , . 1.1.9.)
.

1.6.1
. 6- 7- ,
,
(. , ; 1.1.2). 9 ,
,
(sa ama). 6-
, (adhidaivatam), 7-
(adhyatmam). ( . ,
. 1.6.6) , , (. . 3):

(
)

( )

,
,

,
,
, , ,

,
,

, ,

()

. .
.
1.6.5.

...
,

[ ] (adityasya suklam bhah... nilam parah k rriam ).., no


, ,

(CS, 49; SU, 75; UM, 13). . ...; 4.3; VI.4.2; V1II.6.1; ,
IV .4.9.; , V I.8. . , ;36, . 1; A. Minard, pp. 328329, 891;
. Eliade, Trattato dl storia delle r e lig io n i , Torino, 1954, p. 149 sq.;
. . , , . . - ,
80, 1955, . 2032.

1.6.6. . . . hiranmayah
, , , .
(purua , ) (. RV, X. 90)
; .

, ,
. . . UM,
13 ( ); PU, 349; CS, 50person; SU, 76Mann.; CSe, 9personnage ( esprit). nypytue,
(, 1.7.5), (.
, II.3.5 .).
1.6.7. . . . kapyasa kapiasa ( ), . ;
kam-pi (kapi) asa, kapi . . CS, 5152; PU, 348; UM,
13, n. - lotus; , , 7Lotosblume mit r6tlichem BlOtenstaube (asa Asche, StaubAnm. 7. 11); CPa, 101, n. 2; .
: , 440441, Anm. 26.
. ... tasyodlti r.ama; sa... udltl.
1.6.8. . . . geoau, ,
, ; , nypytue

{. , 1). . PU, 348; CS, 53; CSe, 9, n. 2.
. . . udgataltasya hi gata.
[ ] . . . . , , 7; UM, 14; SU,
76; PU, 348; CS, 53; CSe, 9.
. . . . , 1.7.6.
1.7.1. . . . . , , 7; SU, 76; CSe, 10; PU, 348.
,
( = ghrSna). . UM, 14, . 2; CS, 54; , . 1.2.2; , .

1.3.3.
. . . . . . ,
(. . .) .
1.7.2. (atman . , , 7selbst; SU, 76die eigne
Person; UM, 14; CS, 55self; PU, 349soul; CSe, 10personne; CPa, 101
persona) .
: 1) ; 2) (. ,
. 1.2.14) 3) ,
, . ,
, , , (. CS, 54; CSe, 10; UM, 14, n. 3; . *
V1IL9.1; , II.5.14 .);
(. , VI.8.7 .; , 1.4.1 .).

. . , , . I, ., 1956,
. 124 . . , . 1.7.5.
. , 16 sq .; , . 1.4.1.
1.7.3.
. . . ,
.
1.7.5. m x a (uktham) . , . 1.1.1. , -
, , .
(yajus) - .
(brahman, .) - , ,
.

(. , . 1.7.2); (. ,
VIII.3.4; , 1.4.15 .)
. Brahman
. (SU. 77Gebet).
(genau) . , . 1.6.8.
. . . . . .
, (paramatman)
(:<).
1.7.6. . . . . , 8.
. . . vi na ,
, . VN, 11.316.
1.7.7. . . . . . .
. . . . . /,
().
1.7.8. [ ] . . . . CS, 60; UM, 15.
1.7.9. , . , . 1.3.12.
1.8.1
. . . . 8- 9-
(brahmana , )
, (katriya
) .
,
(. . )
() () ().
{. , V.11 .; , II. 1 . ; Kay, IV .;
. , . 24),
, . ,
(). . SU, 7778; , 103104.

. . ,
.
(Silaka Salavatya)- . .
Salavat.

(Calkitayana Dalbhya)
( ) Dalbhya Cikitaya.ia CiKlia. . CS, 61; PU, 350; CSe, 128.
(Pravahana Jaivali) Jivala.
* (, V.3; , VI. 2), rajanya
bandhu (V .3.5; , VI.2.3), . . , ( - ).
1.8.2. . ... ,
, . , . 2425.
1.8.3. . . . , . vada.
1.8.4. . . . gati ,
(gatir aSra/ah ity etat). . , , 8; SU, 78
worauf geht... zurQck?; UM, 16origin; PU, 351goal; CS, 63 essence;
CSe, 11dou proc^de...?; CPa, 103Quale la provenienza?
(svara)... ,
(niada, g3ndh3ra .), ;
();
; .
1.8.5. . . . . . . * , . .
().


(svarga-saipstavarp hi sametl ,
(svargo vai lokab sama vedafo).
Cp. PU, 351; CS, 64; CSs, 1112, n. 1; CPa, 104, n. 1; CMo, 442, Anm.
33; , 88 < .
1.8.6. (apratithitaip) . .
.

(mordha te vlpated iti) . e.


,
(-, . , 1.8.8; 10.9; 10
.; , 111.6.1; 9.26).
1.8.7. . . . ,
. . ().
1.9.1.
()... .
IV.10.5; VII.12,1; VIII.14.1; , V.1.1. . CS, 6869; PU,
332; , , 9-Leere.
(1.1.22).
() . , , 9;
PU, 352; SU, 79.
1.9.3.
a (Atidhanva aunaka) -
, Sunaka, -.
(Udara$3gdilya) -.

1.10.1
.
.
[ ] (mataci-hateu kuruu)... ,
( - ). . ,,
, 10; SU, 80; CS, 72; CSe, 13; PU, 353. (UM, 18)
destroyed by hail stones, ,
mataci ,
(ibid., . 1). . . , mataci
(. midice )
(, 106, n.l; PU, 353, . 1; CS, 72; , 511, Anm. 365).
. . . (ibhya g ra m e )... . SU, 60; CSe, 13
, 106; BPh, 132. ,
( ). . PU, 353village of the pos
sessor of elephants; CS, 72 ...of elephant-drivers; , , 10 XJM,
18 . . VN, 1.80.
(Uasti ) .
, 1.4.
. CSe, 13; PU, 353; SU, 80. ' atiki
, ,
. . UM, 18, . 2; CS, 72.
1.10.2.
... -,
, , ,
, , * (. , 34; PU, 353).
1.10.3. . . . . , 2 ; CSe, 13; PU, 354; SU, 80;
UM, 18.
1.10.4. [ . ..

(a Daddharma): , . . .
, VIII.318. ( ,
.
, ^ , ,

.
1.10.6.
. . . . . (SU,
8081).
1.10.8. a m ... . , . 1.1.9.
(
, . ) (prastotar), (pratihartar) (subrahmanya). .
CS, 76.
1.10.9. (prastava)

(), (. 1.1.1) . Cp, SU, 6667; , 47 sq.


. . . . . , ;
. ,
,
,
. . CS, 77; UM, 19, . 1.
1.10.11. ( ti ha ) ,
(. 8).
1.11.1. ... . . , -*
(1.10.6).
1.11.2. (avittya)... . , 11.19 sq.; 21; UM, 19, . 2;
, 443, Anm. 44.
1.11.3. . . . . . . . (SU, 82) ebhyo (ihnen (zusammen]).
1.11.5.
... . , 111,3; , 1.1.23.
, praija prastava *
(CS, 82). . BPh, 134, Anm. 7. ( 69) *
: , , , ,,
.
1.11.7.
(uccaib santaip gayantl)...
.
1.11.9. (pratlharamaqani... pratlharam)... . Tav.
III.2, .
1.12.1
. . . . . ^, . 16 17.
. . . (Baka Dalbhya... Glava Mait
)...
Dalbhya Maitreya (. , . 1.8.1); . VN, 1.248;
11.236.
[ ] . . . . CS, 86; , , 12.
(svadhyayam)... . PU, 357.
1.12.2. . . ! ,
; *

(CS, 87).
. IV.4 .
. . . . 1.7.9;
(1.11.9), 11- 12- .
1.12.3. . . . . .
, , , ,
(CS, 88).

1.12.4. . . . ( ,
, , , . 1.1.9; 10.811)
;
(. , 88; S J , 83; UM, 21, . 2; , 111, . 1).
. . . . Bahipavama ia (,
[]) (, IX.11),
(sutya)
. . CS, 8889.
: ! (hlip cakruh)... .
'
him.
1.12.5. (Varuna)...
, , , ;

( ), .
. , . 1.2.1. (Savltar ,
) , .
,
, -:
, (
). . CS, 90; UM, 21, . 3.
. . .
(CS, 90).
1.13.1.
. . .
;

( . stobha; . , 3). . UM, 22, . 17,
CS, 91; CSe 16, . 1; 140.
, ;
(upakiadam) .
<
(. ; . CS, 9194; SU, 84; , 111,
. 4 sq ). . : . Faddegon, R itualistic dadaism, Acta
Orientalia, V, 1927, p. 177 sq.
X (hau) . . rathantara;
.
(vayu) , , . , . (, ;
13Wind; . SU, 84Wi ld; CSe, 16ve.it); . , .
, : air ().
+ (hai) vamadevya,
, .

* A m x a > (atha) ( anna ) tha


sthitam ^ );
.
. # (SU, 84) : Leib.
* > (ih a ) ; ,
(. , . 1.7.2).
// (!) cmoQxa agnldaivataka, . .
( ) .
1.13.2. () Qrdhva () .
() ehi ( ), .
; (viSvedeva) 12 ( 13) , b t
(ViSva), . Vasu, Sa*
tya, Kratu, Daka, Kaia, Kama, DhrtI, Kuru, Purdravas, Mfldravas, Locaka
( Rocaka Locana), Dhvanl, Dhuri.
(6rflJdha, uipaddxa),
vaigvadeva ,
.
(au-ho-yi) cmoffxa , : ..
* (him) (avyaktam) (. , 3), - (anlrukta).
(svara) , ,
().
#> () yfltl (),
.
(vac) , ,
(viraj, V irat - , , );
, ;
, . . vird], ,
. . (PU, 359)
, X. 189.3: trirpsad-dhama vlrfljati vfik.
1.13.3. (anirukta)...
hum , , .
(. UM, 22; CS, 94).
(saipcaro)... CSe 16, n. 1; CS, 94.
.
1.13.4. ... [ ] ... . , 1.3.4.
. . . . . (UM, 22, . 8).
(upaii$adjm) . , 11. . ,
13 Upaiishad; SU, 84 Geheimslnn; CSe, 16, n. 3 doctrl.ie; UM,
22 Upanishad (secret doctrine); PU, 359 mystic meaning; CS, 95 sac
red doctrine.
( 1

11.1.1. (samastasya... samna... sadhu)...


(, . .).
(sadhu). . SU, 8485; CS, 9S; UM, 23, . 1; ,
113114. (II.2 .) ,
. . (. . .).
11.1.2. (sam.iainam ?gad)... saman ,
: saman, dana ( ), bheda
( ) danda ( ).
. 1.3* . . . (SU, 85) sa
man (von sa, sanerwerbei).
II.
1.4. . . . . . ^
(CS, 9); . , III. 19.4 .
II.2.1
. . . . 27
: hlipkara ; prastav.a
, udgitha, ; pratihara
nldhana .,
. bhakti,
paflcabhaktika (. CS, 100).
, , , ,
().
(Qrd~,
hveu) (avfteu) (. ).
h o f o
(. . 1.1.7) . . 4.

(. ; . CS, 100 sq;
UM, 24, . 1).
...
<
, (
).
. .. (prastQyante) .
. . .
gagana g.
...
(prati) .

. .
.

(antarik$a)

[],

|],
,

[]

. . . (ni
djjiyante) .
(ardhve$u)... . . ]
] (CS, 99 sq ); ,
, ; ( 23vrte$u) -*
, .
II.2.2.
. . . ... *\
, * .
. . .
(prastflva) .

. , .
1.2.1.

. . . (pratlha) .
. . . ,
.
11.3.1. . . . , . . (SU, 8j)
c Talav. up. br. I, 12.9; 36.1.
. . . *...
^ .
...
(prastava) .
. . .
.
, . ..
(pratiharaga).
11.3.2. . . .
, (nldhana) .
. . . . . ,
(CS, 104).
II.4.1.
. . . ,
.
. . . * ... ,
.
. . .
(prastava) .
,..{ ], , ...
. , , ,
.
, .
, ... pratlci.
... (nidhana) ,
. . . ,
(. ).
.5.1. . . . . Talav. up. br. f 1.12*7; 1.35
(SI), 85).
.
* .... .
...
.
,.,
.

. , . (pratiharana) .
. . . (nidhana)
.
II.5.2.
. . . . .
. . (SU, 87) : der lebf
lange ( , 115, . 1).
.6.1. (p a'u $ u )... *
.
... ,
, .
[ ... (.
.90.10), .
. . . .
* ... (pratiharaoa)
.
. . . (nidhana)
. . (PU,'363),
.
11.7.1. ()... . . 1.2.1.
, , *
.
* . . . . ,,
1.2.2; 7.1.
(. ); .
. UM, 25, . 1; SU, 87 Talav. up. b r.f 1.13.5.
(prastava) .
.
. . . (pratiharana) o r
.
. . . noMeiueHbi(nidhiyante)
, .
(paro-variyanisi).... CS, 110111; PU, 363; UM, 25^
,
:
; ;
, ;
, , ; , ~
, , .
11.8.1. , 810, .
,
(adi),

\ upadrava , ).
, , ,
, ,
(CS, 112114).
(. , . 1.13.1),
(
),
( ,
). . SO, 8788 (. . 5):
5

(]

hum

ud
prat i

upa

nl




(saipgava)


(]


3
3
2 (3 -1 )

3
4 (3 + 1 )

4 (3 + 1 )

1
1
1

3
:
21 (

)- 1

< > ... 12


.
.9.1. (samas), . . . Hie, , ,
1; .
, . 12 67, -

(, , ,
), , muharta,, 2 . 24. .

(S, 121).
11.9.2. . . . . , . 11,2.2 (
); . Talav. up. br., 1.1112 (SU, 88).
<x ... . .
(. UM, 26).
11.9.3. (prastuti-kamah)...
(PU, 365).
prastutiprasarpsa: direct praiseIndirect praise.
11.9.4. (saipgava)... . , , 16;
PU, 355; . .
. . UM, 27, . 1; SU, 89; CSe, 20. (CS,
117) : at the time of the assembling of the rays of the sun or of
the calves with the cows (before going out).
- c f l d u . . . . . . ^
. : sa cdih adayaiir.anam.
11.9.5. . . .
.
11.9.6. . . .
(sa pratiharas... tasmat te pratihrta).. .. (UM, 27) tihrta: having been conceived.
(prati) (CS, 119).
.9.7. ... . . . (sa upadravab tasmat... upadravanty)...
(CS, 120).
II.9.8.
. . . (tan nidhanam... tan
nidadhati)... (,
SU, 8) ,
(. , . 1.13.2). .
CS, 121; UM, 27, . 3; , , 17, Anm. ( Kausika-satra,
83; Katyayana-Srauta-satra, 21.3.7); , 118, . 1.
. . . . . ,
7 .
II.
10.1. , (atma-sammitam...
samo)... Atma-sammitam : (.
,
CSe, 21, . 3; , 118, . 2).
(
3 x 7 -(1 = 21
1)
(21- . , 5) ,
(22-); (. 1,6) -

, . . CS, 122-^123;
CSe, 22, . 1; . . , , . 22.
II.
10.5. (eka-vlijiso va ltp
sav ad ity o )... , ,
(. , .5.1) i{ (, , )
; - (. S, 126).
(tan nakam)... . , , 17; SU, 90; CSe, 22.
r.akam na-akam ( ,
), . . (. . )
. LJM, 28; PU, 367; CS, 126. . , 445, Anm. 57;
VN, 1.439.
II.10.6.
. . . . . . . .
(. , II.10.1; UM, 28). apnotl hfldityasya (,
17.19; , 17; CS, 125126; PU, 367; SU, 90). : apnotihadltyasya, . . . . UM, 28; CSe, 22, . 2; , 118, . 5.
II.
11.1. 21 (gayatram,
rathantaram, vamadevyam, brhat, vairQpam, valrajam, akvari, revati, yajflayajfllyam, rajanam)
(
, , , , ., , , ,
, ), (protam; .
. .). [
(sama sarvasmi.i protam).
(. , II.2.1 .)
I ( II.2 .).
,
,
. . SU, 90; UM, 28, . 3; , 119; CS, 127 sq.
(. . 6).
. . . ... .
. . . ^ .
. . . .
. . . . , . II.7.1.
...
(. , IV.3.3).
, , UM, SU, PU, CS, CSe.
, , (1.7.1 .),
.
(gayatram) , ga/atri
. (,
II 1.62.10), ;
,

( :

bcIx bbj
11

5S
S

-
- - .

1
- []

, ,

,
,

,
,

,
,

(
)

- BIf
- 11

1<1

08109

KJ KJ

). .

V.14.1.

, .
(protam)... ., , 17 in... eingewobene;
UM, 29 interwoven i ; SU, 90 verwoben in; PU, 367 CS, 127 wo
ven in; CSe, 22 realise dans; CPa, 119 intessuto nei. .
, .6.1.
II.11.2. . . . . . (CS, 128).
(jyog Jivati),.. . ., ,
, .
(mahamanah syat).. .
CSe, 22 il faut avoir Tame grande. . (UM, 29) ma
hamanah (be not high-mi.-.ded),
II.12.1.
. . . . .. abhimanthati
.
, ,
.
/ ,
.
. . . ... .
. . . . . .
, , .
. . . . . . .
. . . [ ]
. . . . . .
.
. . . [ ] . . . ,
(. : II.13.1)
(, 18.8; 14. . , 51, Anm. 59).
a m . . . rathantaram

(. UM, 29, . 3; CS,


130).
II.
12.2. (brahmavarcasy)... . , , 18; PU, 368; CS, 130; . : UM, 2
becomes radiant; SU, 91 wird derBrahmanenwfirde teilhaft;
CSe, 23
rayonne de prestige religeux.
II.
13.1. [ ] ...
,
(. CS, 132; , 443445, Anm. 61).
. . . vam3devyam (-,
puuiu Vamadeva), ;, ;<
; .
II. 14. 1.
[ ] . . . ... . ,
41.9.2. ,

(CS, 133). ,
.
...
(prastava) .
. . . . . . .
. . .
(pratihara) *
[ ] ...
(nidhana) .
... brhad [- /,
brhati, 36 (8 -f-8 - |- 12 + 8 ) ],
, .
II.
14.2. . . . , tejasvl
brahmavarcasi (. , II. 12.2). . CS, 134.
II.
15.1. . . . . ... . , II.34.
, .
. . . vairQpa , ,
(CS, 135).
11.15.2. ' . . . virflparps suropaips .
II.
16.1. ... . , .5.
, .

. . . vairaja ( vira] . , . 1.13.2;
)
^,
(CS, 137).
11.16.2. . . . . . . vairajam... virajati.
II. 17.1. . . . . . . ,
.
. . . sakvari (
)
( . mahanamni), ;
(. CS, 139; UM, 31, . 1).
II.
17.2. . . . . . ,
(CS, 140).
(lokan nindet)... .
(CSe, 25, . 1) lokan
.
II.
18.1. . . . ... . , II.6.
,
.
... revati, ,
(CS, 140).

II.
18.2. . . . . revat
.
II.
19.1. . . . * ...
, . . . , .
,
(CS, 142).
...
, . . .
. . . .
. . . (pratlhrta) .,
. . .
.
. . . JfiJyaJrHyam,
, ,
(CS, 142).
11.19.2.
. . . majjflo
(plur.) (CS, 143; PU, 371).
11.20.1. . . . . . . .
( , ,
. .), .
... .
. . . .
... (pratlhrta)
.
. . . , ,
(nidhana) .

. . . Jana ,
.
.20.2. . . . . .
, (. PU, 372; CS, 145).
. . .
, ,
(. CS, 145; SU.94).
11.21.1. ... trayl vldya
: , (. , 1.4.2).
, . .
, .
, (CS, 146147).
. . . . . ,
(bhn. bhuvah, svah),
.

, , . . .
.
, , . . . . ., II.20.1.
, , . . .
dha, () .
. . . , -, * ,
; ,
.
II.21.3.
. . . ;
(. . 7):

. CS, 147; SU, 95, Anm. 1.


Renou, Rem arques, pp. 100102; Hauschlld, S. 33 sq.
II.21.4.
. . .
, ; ,
2 (CS, 148149).
11.22.1.
[ ] . . .
(gana . CSe, 27)
,
. . CS, 150; SU, 95 (=Talav. up. br, 1.37.5152); ,
124125.
(vinardi)... , (CS, 150).
([ajniruktab)... . . ,
- . ,
(CS, 150); niruktafo.
Sarcostema Vlminalis Asclepias Aclda,
;
;< ( , ). . VN, 11.474479.
( mfdu slakqaqi). . .

(41 balavad)... . . , ;
(krauncarp) . .
, (apadhvantaip) . .
. . S, 151.
II.22.2.
(svadham pitfbhy ) .
;
svadba, *
(. , III.252).
. . . . .
.
11.22.3 . . . .


(. . 8);
8

(svara)

(u$matjab)s; $; s; h

,
,

(sparsa)

(mftyu) ,

... , *^
^ () . . CS, 153.
vira] (. , 1.13.2)
. . .
, , .
II.22.5.
. . . .
: Rgveda-prati&lkhya,
760, 709, 719, 393; Atharvaveda-pratisakhya, 1.31; Taittiriya-pratiSakhya,
.5 (. UM, 34, . 14; CSe, 28, . 1).
, (lesenanabhlnihita).... (JM, 34, . 4 ( : anabhinihita=anabhinik$ipta); PU, 374; CS, 155; SU, 96; CPa, 126, n. 2. . (CB,
22;10, 22), ,

,
abhinihita , : leienfibhinihita (mit gerlnger BerQhruig). . (CSe, 28,
n. 3).
11.23.1.
(trayo dharma-skar.dhah)...
-
, (asrama), : ,
(brahmacarin); ,
(grhastha);
, ,
(vanaprastha), ,
(saipnyasin).
(yajfto . .
), (|a]dhyayanip . .
grahaijadhyayana , ,
nityadhyayana) (danam
) ochqbhom <
>. (tapa ,
. .) ^
.
(brahmacaryacarya-kuJa-vasi ...[ajtyantam atmanam ryakulevasaiayan) ,
, ^
( . nalthlka
brahmacarin). , (loka) , ;
| (brahmasaipstho), . .
, (. , . 19). ,
: -
, ; ,

, , .


, . .
(PU, 374)
;

. . CS, 156158; PU, 375^
SU, 9697; UM, 35, . 1; CSe, 28, . 3; , 126, . 3. ,
. Wlnternltz, Lehre, S. 215 sq* Skurzakt

E tud es, p. 33 sq.; P. V. Kane, H istory o f D h a rm atestra , vol. II, pt II,


p. 917 sq.
1.23.2. (CS, 158).
(lokan abhyatapat)... . , W.17.1 .
, ,
(. , 1.2)
- ( ; bhuvas
; svar ). . CS, 159; CSe, 28, . 4; 58, . 1;
SU, 97 (1, XI.5.8; Talav, up. br., 3.15),
: . J. Blair, Heat in the R ig Veda and Atharva V eda,
New Haven, 1961.
, , (sam prasravat)... . .,
, .
11.23.3.
(
sarvaql ! saiptpwany)... . SU, 97, Anm. 1.
. . .
, ( AUM) (CS, 160).
. . .
(paramatman), (CS, 160).
. . 1.1.1.
11.24.1
. 2-
(savana) , *
(. . 9):

(-
tafc)

-
,

<madh/andinaip)

-
,

, -
(tftlya)
- ,

. CS, 162; SU, 98; , 127.


(vasu , ) ,
[ , Dhruva
, Soma , Dhava ( Dhara) , Anila , Anala
( Pavaka) , Pratyusa , Prabhasa (
; )].
, .
, (Rudra
, );
. , , Ajaikapad, Ahlrbudhiya, ,
Nl.fta, Isvara, Bhuvana, Angaraka, Ardhaketu, Mrtyu, Sarpa, .
(aditya) ,
(Aditi ,
; . , 1.89.10).
(Varuaa, Mitra, Aryaman, Bhaga, Dak$a, ArpSa, Sarya Savitar),
. ;
.
. , . 1.13.2.
II.24.2
? ..
(CS, 162), ,
, , *
(savana). ,
. ,
.
, .
.
. . . , ,

.
(. , 1.1.13); (CS, 162;
, 36, . 1).
11.24.3. ' (
pratar anuvakasyopakaraia])... . Ait. br., II. 15 (3U, 8,98); CS, 163.
p g(girhapatya) | ,
( ) (. )
,
( , *). . PU, 376.
11.24.4. . . . , ( 8, 12, 13),
, . .
: W. Calaid, V. , L 'A g n ltfo m j, t. II, Paris, 197, . II,
p. 461. . , Anm. 23.8; 9 sq.; CSe, 29, n. I; CPa, 128, n. 3; Hauschlld, p. 35.

(lokadvaram)
. , 8 . 1213,
: ,
.
[ ] ... ,
, (CS, 163).
.24.6. . . . . . .
! (svala),.. ,

() . . . V.8; VI.3; . CS, 165.
. . . . . (CS, 165).
11.24.7
(agnidhriya)...
(dakina);
II.24.8. . . . .
(yairajya/a) . , , 23; UM,.
36; SU> 99.
11.24.11 . . . . , . IV. 13.1.
11.24.12. . . . .
- (svarajyaya)... . SU, 99.
. 24.13. (saiprajyaya). . . , ,
24; UM, 37; SU, 99; CS, 169: CSe, 30.
11.24.15. , . . .
(CS, 170),
, .
1:1:24.16. , . . . . .
,
(. CS; 171).


HI. 1.1 . \ , . . . ^ - ,
-
. .
(deva-madhu, . , II.5.1 .)
, ; [tirah'cina-'vaipso. . CSe, 31la ruche; UM, 38, PU, 379; CS, 172cross-beam;
CJB, , 24Querho.lz; SU, 101Quergestell (an dem die Waben hangen); CPa,; 130la traversal, (apapah
cp. PU* 379; S, 172honeycomb, SU, 101Waben; , , 24,Honlgkuchen; UM, 38hive; CSe, 31gateau, CPa 130il favo),

, , * ,
, . (marlcayab,
, ; , ) *
(pufrafc), .
, , , ( . .)
(madhunfitfyab),
, (adltyasya ), .
, ,
. . S, 172 173; SU, 100101; UM, 38
. 13; CSe, XVIXVII; , 120-131 (. . 10):

10

1
(

()

)
S-3

11

()

*0J

*
3

*
'

() 3

(guhya

adesa)

111.2. . . . . .,
, ,
(. , 4); (CS, 174).
. . . , ,
. ,
, , (. .
</, ) , , . PU, 379; CS, 174175; CSe, 31, . 1.
(. . .).
(ta amrta ap ab )... . UM, 38; PU, 379;
CS, 174.
, . . (, , 24) : .id
auch das u.nsterbllche Wasser 1st dieses (cp. SU, 101; CPa, 130). .
(CSe, 31, . 1) ta tatra : 11 a aussl des llquaurs
d lmmDrtalltS. (. 25). . BPh, 163, A.im. 3.
III.1.3. (abhyatapaips)... . , 11.23. 23.
(annadyaip)... . , , 25; SU, 101; CS, 174food
lor eating. , ,
; . UM, 38, . 4; CSe, 31, . 2; PU, 379.
III. 1.4. . . . . . , ;

(. , . III. 1.1). . UM, 38, .
5; CS, 175176.
. . . . .
(. UM, 38).
III.3.3.

p a m )... . , III.4.3.

(adltyasya

III.
4.3. . . .
. . , . 1.6.5.
d(1.4.1. (athrarvangirasa) , (. , . 1.2.10).
. -, ,
(. , VII. 1.2; , II.4.10;
IV.1.2; 5.11 .). . CS, 179; CSe, 32; SU, 102. ,
,
. pariplava, (.
; . , VII. 12)
, , (. UM, 39, . 1;
S, 179); . VN, 1.18.
a (Itih a sa , , , )
; , , . -

(puraija ) ,
. 18 , -,
IVXIV . . .
II 1.5.1. (guhya evadeSa)...
, , (, II.
24.4), . .
, . . , (. , 1.5.1),
(CS, 181; PU, 381). . (CSe,
33, . 1) , brahman ,
.
111.5.3. , . . . . .
.
(CS, 182).
111.5.4. , . . .
, , ,
( ).
, . , ,
. . UM, 40; CS, 183; CSe, 33, . 2.
. (SU, 102, Aim. I) , .
III.6.1
. . . . 610
: (. . )
, ; ,
; ,
.
;
;
(. . 11).
, [ ] a (agnina mukhena)...
,
* .
, , (. CSe, 33, . 3; , 133
134, . 2).
(drtva)... , ,
(CS, 184).
II 1.6.2. . . .
, ,
;
(. UM, 41,
. 1; CS, 184). .
III.6.3
. . . .
, ,

, , ,
(CS, 186).

()

11

(
)

[]

(-'
)

[]

(
)

[]

(
)

(

)

[

]


[


}

I1I.6.4.
. . . . .
.
. ,
(. , 7.4: 8.4; 9.4; 10.4)
, (
). . UM, 43, . 1; CS, 193194.
III.9.1.
(marut) (. . 11.24.1),
. (
, ).

III.
10.1. (sadhya , ,
) ,
.
(Sadhya) !

(Prabhava, Cyavana, Isana, Surabhi, wAraqya, Maruta, ViSvfivasu, Baladhruva, Mahl$a, Tanaja, Vidhana, Anagha* Vatsara; VibhQti, Siiparvata, Vr$a,
Naga).
. . , . , IIK5.1.
III.
10.4. (ardhva
udetarvan astam B eta)... ,
,
. _ CS, 193=194.
111.11.1
. ^ . . .
, ,
,
, . . CS, 195; PU, 386.
(madhye sthata)...
sthata, ,
.
111.11.2. . . . . . (CSe, 36, . 1). . schild, S. 3537.
111.11.3. . . . . , VIII.4.2. ,
,
(CS, 197; PU, 186). . . Ellade. Time and etern ity in In
dian th o u g h t,Man and time. Papers from the Eranos yearbooks, vol.
Ill, New York, 1957, p. 187.
III. 11.4. . . . . e. III , 4.
(Manu) , * 14
, (manva.itara
).
( ). , -,
7- (Valvasvata ),
. . VN, II. 129?0.
. . . [ ] . . . . . ; ,

(hiranyagarbha , ,
, . . ), (.
. 1.13.2).
(Uddalaka Aruni)
,* (Aruija) ;
. (Cautama); . ,
V.3 .; 11 .; V I.1 .; . , III.7.1; VI.2; 3.7; 5.3

( ).
. VN, 1.8789.
III.
11.5. . . .
, , ,
, (). . , VI.3.12.
111.12.1. . . . . . . 11.1.
; ,
,
:
. . (XIII ),
. . PU, 387; CS, 199200; UM, 44,
. 1; SU, 103103,; , 136-137.
. . .
.
. . . :gflyatl () trayate ().
111.12.2. . . . * ,
, .
111.12.3. . . . . . .
, : , , , *

().
. . . . :, 1.2.1 . ,
(. , 111.13).
.
111.12.5. . . .
(. . II. 11.1), ,
, , . .
, V.14. . UM, 45, . 2.3; CS, 203; SU, 106; , 137;
. 3. , 90, 92, 93 . pada ( ).
. . . . ., , ,
, , , . . PU, 388.
111.12.6. . . . . , .90.3.
. . , . ,
(. , III. 17.7) ,
. . , 449, Arm. 8084; Hauschild, S. 3738.
[ ] ...
() . PU, 288; CSe,.
37, . 23.
. . . \rnpe
;
(CS, 204).
.12.7 - , , -

(akaia) . . .,.II.1.17; Kay, IV.8 .


() :
,
; , [
, ,
,
(CS, 206).
III.12.9.
. . . . .
, .
. . . . .
(CS, 206).
III.
13.1 .
(deva-suayafr) , ,
(, 6). , ,
,

, (. CS, 207,
214; UM, 46, . 1; SU, 107; BPh, 159, Anm. 1).
():
praija, , vyana, udana, samana" . , . 1 .3 .3 .
. Ewing, Hindu conception, p. 274 sq.; . , V .19h .; , 1.5.3;
III.4.1; 9.26; , III; IV . . CSe, 37, n. 4; CS, 208 sq.; PU, 176;
SU, 402, 913; CPa, 38 sq. . . . 12.
[ ] . . . . , , 30 SU, 107 1hauch; UM, 46 up-breathlng; 'PU , 388 up-breath; CPa, 138 sofflo
esplralo; CSe, 37 CS, 27 praija.
, . . . (Xditya)
, | . .
, III.19.12; V.19.2; , III.9.20; , III.8 . . CS, 208.
. . . , ;
, (). . CS,
208.
. . . ,
, . .
III.
13.2. , . . . . , ,
30 Durchhauch; SU, 108 Zwischerhauch: liM, 46 tack-brealbirg; PU,
389 diffused breath; CPa, 128 sofflo dlffuso; CSe, 38 CS, 209 vya
na. , , & ,
.
* , . . .
uipymu
(CS, 209). . V. 20. 2.

12

,
,

(SU, 108)

. . .
, .
III.13.3.
, . . . . , , 30
SU, 108 Aushauch; UM, 46 down-breathing; PU, 38downward breath;
CPa, 139 soffio Inspirato; CSe, 38 CS, 210 . . ,
1.3.3.
, . . . . , V.21.2.; CS, 210.
. . .
, ;
.
III.
13.4. . . . . , , 30 Mlthauch;
SU, 108 Allhauch; UM, 4 6 ,-on-b reath in g ; PU, 389 equalised breath;
CPa, 139 soffio commune; CSe, 38 CS, 211 sama.ia.
, . . . . , V.22.2. (Parjanya) .
. . CS, 211.

. . . ,
; .
. PU, 389; CS, 211212.
III.
13.5. , . . . . , , 30 SU,
108 Aufhauch; UM, 47 out-fcreathing; PU, 389 out-breath; CPa, 139
soffio in alto; CSs, 38 CS, 212 udana.
(CS, 212).
, . . . (&)
. . , V.23.2. . (SU, 108,
. 1) Haut ().
. . . ,
.
III.13.6. . . . . , . III.13.1 .; , II.
1.1; CS, 214.
. . . ,
,
(CS, 214),,
III.13.7
. . . . , ,
, . . (. Talav.
up. br, 1.43.10), ,
, , ,
. ,
; . . CS, 216217; UM, 47,
. 1; 2; CSe, 38, . 1.
III.13.8.
(tasyaia ru tlh)...
. . , V.9. .
, (PU, 393). . UM, 47,
. 3; SU, 108, . 3.
III.
14.1 . ^ (. ,
. III. 14.4).
(sarvam khalv idani brahm a)...
. ., ., , IV.6. .
, . 19.
. . . . . (CS,
218).
(tajjalan) ]lan : Ja(Jan) , ; la(Ii) ,
; , , , . .
, , . . (,
Anm. 31.3) taj jana.il. . SU, 109, Anm. 1; PU,
391; CS, 218; CSe, 39; n. 1; CPa, 44; 14, n. 3; BPh, 193, Anm. 1 .
. , 450451, Anm. 88.

. . . ,
. . PU, 391; CS, 218219 kratu;
faith (). , , ,
( kratu
. CSe, 39, . 2),
.
III.
14.2. (mano-mayah)...
. ,
, , ,
(CS, 221). . , II.6.
. . . praija-Sanra,
, , ~
. . PU, 391; CS, 221.
. . . ,
, .
(satya-saipkalpa)... *
(CS, 221).
(akaSatma)...
, , , . . (CS, 221).
. . . ,
, , , . . (CS, 221222).
([a]vaky)... . BPh, 194, Anm. 5; , 451,
Anm. 9).
. . , III.9.26; , III.
19 .
III.14.3.
, . . .
, ,
(CS, 222).
III.
14.4. . . . ,
, (CS, 223224).
. . . -, ,

. . CSe, 40, . 1; UM, 48,
. 2.
(Sanjilya) -; . , X.
6.3. (., Vedaitasat , III.3.31),
Sancjilya-vldya (. UM, 48, . 3; VN, .
371372). . (PU, 392)
: 1. , ,
. 2.
, . 3. . 4.
. . (SU, 109)
(Enneadae, V.1.2).

III.
15.1 . . . .
- (ko$aviJfiana);
,
(.
, III.13.6; , 1.5.17 .). ( Jiryati),
, ,
,
[kalpa, . . 4) (yuga) 4.320.000.000
]. . CS, 225; UM, 49, . 1; SU, 110; PU, 393; Hauschlld,
S. 3839.
. . . vlvam ldaip
, ,
(CS, 225).
III.
15.2. . . .
.
, , . (CS, 226227; PU, 393; UM, 49,
. 2; , 141, . 2 sq.).
(juhar)...
, .
: ()
, .
(saham a.ia)...
(sahante) (Yama),
. J. . , , 32
SU, 110 bewaltlgende; CSe, 43 pulssante.
(rajrU )...
(rajan) (. , 1.12.5);
: (raga).
(subhata)...
(Kubera),
.
. . .
.
. . . . .
. (. ,
. III.15.1).
111.15.3. - . . . . . .

(). . Hauschlld, S. 3940.
* * ...* *... *... . , . II.23.2.
111.15.4. . . . , . (CSe,
41, . 1), .

III.16.1
. , , ;
.
,
116 ,
(, 2, , 1.1.23; Kay, 11.11). . SO,
111112; CS, 231 .; , 143.
(savana . , . II.24.2),
,
, (. , 11.24)
(. . 13):

13

1 24

24 . ,
( y3!
sayantf)

2 44 -

44 (

: ,
(rodayanti)

...

. .)

3 48
(
)

48 (ada- (
date)
:



... . .)

. . . . (CSe, 41, . 2)
, purua
(. , . 1.6.6),
.
. . . . , . 11.24.1; CS, 231.
. . . . , . II. 11.1.
. . . . , . II.24.1.
. . . ,
, . . CS, 232.
, . . . vasavab...vasayantl.
III.
16.2. ... . . *
, 24 . ( 4, 6).
(aham.. . jflo)... . , . 1
( ).
^
: (CS, 233).
11.16.3. . . . . II.24.7; 10.
(tritiitfi) ,
; 11- :

__ v-i

kj

. . . . . 11.24.1.
, . . . rudrab...roda'
yantl.
III.
16.5.
(Jagatl) , *
12- , (., vaipS a s t h a : ---------- ^

KJ

. .)

,
(adltyab ete hldaip sarvaip adada^
te)...-^cp. , . II.24.1. Cp. CS, 236.
III.
16.6. . . . . . 24+ 44+48
116 (. , . III.16. .).
III.
16.7. (Mahldasa Altareya)
; ,
. , (,
) .
. . PU, 395396; SU, 7.
. . . ,
, (. CS, 238; UM, 51).
? . . . . . '
.

III.17.1 . . . .
( , )
,
, , ,
.
. . Ait. br., III; CS, 239 sq.; SU, 8; 113
114; PU, 396 ( . . 14):

14

, ,

, ,

, ,

,
,
, ,

(dikab)...

, , (i$tO*
,
. . . . CS, 239.
III.
17.2. (upasadair)... ,
.
,
.
. . UM, 51; SU, 114; CS, 240; PU, 396.
III.17.3.
(stutasastrair) . .

. ,

, ,
Sastra;
stotras .
, , . .
. CS, 241; SU, 114.
III.
17.4.
[ ] (dakInah)...
. . CS, 242.
III.17.5.
, (scyaty ascta sq)...
.
: ] [], [] [] ( sq)
[], [] ( su). . CS, 242243;
, 145, . 3.
(avabhrthah) ,
. . CS, 243.
III.
17.6. , ($ Devakiputraya)...
(, ) ,
() . ,
. .
(. The Bhagavadgiia..., ed. by S. Radhakrish.ian, London, 1948, p.
28 sq ). (
- , ) 1' ,
-, . . CS, 245; UM, 52, . 1;
. . De, The Vedlc and the epic Kr?na, . Aspects of sanskrit
literature, Calcutta, 1959, pp. 3135, . (Morgenroth, Spra ch e ,
S. 224) Devaki .
(Chora Anglrasa) ,
(. , 1.2.10; 111.4.1). . Kausitakl b.aiimaga, XXX.6.
(The Bhagavadgita..., pp. 2829), Cp. VN, 1.250251.
. . . cp. CMo, 452, Anm. 97.
(ak$ltam asl, acyutam asl, prana-sarpSItam asitl...) . e. , ;
(PU, 397). . , 145, . 6.
III.17.7.
. . . , VIII.6.30 (. , 1.22.20),
, , , .
, , . . UM, 53, . ; PU,
397; CSe, 43, . 4; Hauschlld, S. 4041. . ., . III. 12.6.
. . . , 1.50.10 ( ).
III.18.1
. (. , III. 14.2)
(. .!. 1.2.14). . SU, 115; , 146.
(. . 15):
226

15

1- 2- 3- 4-

, ,

. . . (mano...ak3so)... . III. 14.2.


(CS, 248; PU, 398).
III.
18.2. . . . , ,
. . ,
; , -
. . . CS, 249250. .
, III.12.5; SU, 106.
III.18.3.
. . . . .,
, .
(CS, 250 sq.).
. . . ;
(CS, 250).
III.
18.4. . . .
smell (. , 1.2.2; 7.1 .)
(CS, 251).
111.19.1. ...
.
adeSah, -, ,
. . , VII.4.1.14 (BPh, 157, Anm. 1).
. . . ,
(. , .121, 129; , 1.12 .
.)* (brahmanda). . PLI, 339;
SU, 116; CS, 253 sq.; , . 21.
. . . (asad.. .sad).. .
,
, ,
. . , V I.2; , II.7. . S, 253254.
111.19.2. ... . (PU,
399)

... ...(Jarayu...
ulbam; . . chorionam nion)...
.
III. 19.4. . . .
; (CS, 256).


IV. 1.1 .
(sarpvargavid/ )
(, III. 18.2, 4
). . SU, 117; UM, 55, . 2; CS, 257258.
(JanaSruti Pautrayana) . ,
36; CSe, 46. UM, 55 CS, 257 JanaSruta,.
PU, 401 descendant of Janasruta.
(. , IV.2.3), , (
CSe, 133).
(Sraddhadeyo)... , 36.4 CSe,
46 : sraddhadevo. . , 454, Anm. 105.
IV.
1.2. . . . ,
- ; ,
, (CS, 269j SU,
402).
. . . . . .
. bhallaka ( bhadraka)
(Przyluski,-'Influences, pp. 0)306); : CSe, 127; ,
149. , bhallaka
, , . . CS, 259,
UM, 56; PU, 401short, sighted; SU, 118blodaugige. X. (H; L0ders, Za den Upant$ads,Sitzungsberichte der Preufi. Akademie d. Wissenschaften, 1916, X, S. 278 sq.) : barenauge; : BPh, 128r.
, 93, . 14. Cp. CMo, 511 sq., Anm. 366; Morgenroth, S p ra ch e,
S. 224225.
IV.
1.3. ? (sayugvanam iva
Raikvam)... (, , III.4.36),
, ,
, (PU, 401).
sayugvan (., ., UM, 56, . 1) X.
(ibid.) : Vereiniger, . .
, (. , )
. CSe, 137138; , 149, . 2. . (, 36.10 sq.;

37) : verbrOderten (d. 1. mit der Raude). . Mo, 457sq.,


Anm. 112.
IV.
1.4.
(yatha krtaya vljita/adhareyfl^ samy a n tl)..; . UM,
56; SU, 118; PU, 401; BUH, 73. . , 36. 12; CSe, 46, . 6.
. . . 1 .
1 (kali, dvapara, treta, kfta) l, 2, 3
4 ; 4-4-3+2-f-l lO .
. , 450, Aim. . . , 450, n. I; CS, 261; J. , La vie
publlque et prlvea dans V Inde anclenne, fasc. VI, Paris, 1955, pp. 2126.
. . . .... , IV.3.33 (CS, 261)*
IV .1.5. . . . , . IV.1.2.
. . . k$atta (
, ), , , *
(. CS, 262).
. . . , *
,
.
IV.
1.7. . . . . .,
, : (PUf 402). . ,
461462, Anm. 116.
IV.1.8. (pflmanaqi ka$amaijam)...
. (UM, 57, . 1) , V.22
(takman),
mahavr$as (. , 2. 5).
IV.2.2. , , . . . CSe,
47. . 1.
IV.2.3. I l l y (a d ra )
, .
, , :
1) , ($uca dravati),
, [ ] - ; 2)
, ,
, ; 3)
(. PU, 403; CS, 266).
(ahahare tva, sadra, tavalva saha gubhlr astv
It!)... . , 462 sq., Anm. 120122, cp. PU, 403; CS, 265;
UM, 57; CPa, 152. . , , 37 ich lache fiber dich,
Sodral Mit den KOhen sich abzugeben, sei dein Geschaft! CSe, 47grand
te fasse, iadra, garde tes vachesl
IV.2.5. , (tasya ha mukham upodgrhnann)... . CB,
, 3&; CSe, 43; PU, 403; SU, 119. . : opening

her mouth : (UM, 57, . 2).


, ,
,
, (
, , , ,
).
: taking that prt.icess to be the portal for the conveying of
khowledge (CS, 267263; PU, 404). . , 95.
...[
P e ] . . .
. . UM, 58; , 467468, . 123.
aRaikvaparnfl. . . . ,
(IIIXI I .),
. , ., 1963, . 183. .
, 152, . 4.

. . . Mahavr?e$u , ,
. , - (CSe, 134).
IV.3.1 . , (vayur vflva
saqivargah)... . , , 38AnsichreiSer; SU, 119A r^ ich Raffer; UM, 58the end of all ( saipvargana adana, cp. Ibid , 58, n. 2); CSe, 48absorbant . . .
(PU, 404).
IV.3.5. (Saunaka ) (Abhipratdrin Kak$aseni) *
(. , 1.10.1). . CSe, 123, 129; , 153, . 1; . VN

11.36.
. . . ,
, (CS, 271).
IV.3.6. ... . .
(. ).
(UM, 58, . 3; CS, 272). . Renou, Rem arques, p. 100;
Hauschild, S. 4143.
. . . . . *
.
IV.3.7. 3 ... : hiragya-daipstro
, . . (CS, 273274)*
, . . . . .
;
0 1 ,
(UM, 59, . 2; CS, 273274)
. . . ,
.

IV.3.8. . . . . . . . .
, , , , , , , , .
10, -*
(. , IV. 1.4) 4+|-2-|-1=10. . CS, 27276;
BPh, 131, . 14.
(viraj), ,
(. , ; 13.2).
, 10 . . CS, 276; CSe, 49, . 2; 4.
. . . 10 (CS, 276);
. ).
IV.4.1 .
. , ,
,
. . SU, 121; , 154 155; BPh, 193 (Bemerkung).
(Satyakama Jabala),
, Jabala. . VN, II. 420.
(brahma) . . . , . 11.23.1.
IV.4.2. . . . i
: ,
, (PU, 407). . ,
95: , , ...; WUH. 65, Anm. 2
(als Landstreicheri.i).
IV.4.3. Haridrumata Gautama.
IV.5 .1. T o . . . ,
,
(. , 156, . 2; PU, 403).
IV.5.2. . . . kala

Vie , Vie-
,
. . Vie . . CSe, 51, . 1.
(6.3; 7.3; 8.) (. . 16):
IV.6.3; . . . ,
. . (; . CS, 286).
IV.6.4.
. . . . .
.
IV.7.1. (harpsa) ,
(CS, 287).
IV.8.1. (madgu)
(). ,
(CS, 290).
IV.8<3. (3yatanav3n nam a)... CS,

21 repository, ,
, .

I. ()

16

II. ()

III. ()

IV. ()

IV.9.2. ... , ,
, i . .
. UM, 64, . 1; CS, 293.
... [ ] . . . cp, PU. 411412.
. . . -i bhagavaqis tv eva me kame
(=mamecchayam); cp. UM, 64, n. 2; CPa, 159; PU, 411; CS, 293.
. bhagavaqis tv evam eko me (Jedoch kQnnte
der Erhabene, aber auch nur er allei i, mir es auf dlese Weise verkii den
CB, 42.4; , 42; cp. CSe, 53). . : me kainarp (= b ltte SU, 124). . : , 472473, Anm. 136.
IV.9.3. . . . . .
.
IV.
10.1. .
, (Upakosala Kamalayana)
, . ,
, (
. . 11.1; 12.1; 13.1), .
(. ). ,
SU, 125; CSe, XXI; , 160.
IV .10.2. . . . , *
, (CS, 296).

IV.
10.3. . . . . .
(CS, 297).
IV .10.5. . ,
. , .
(). ,
()
(kha). ,
, ,
, ,
(&) . kha

(. UM, 63, . 1-3; CS, 299300) . , V.I.
IV .11.1. (garhapatya) ,

(1 ). . 5 , 301.
(. , IV .1213) (. . 17):

17

, , , . . . ,
, ;
(CS, 301; . UM, 66, . 1).
IV.11.2. , . . . . (SU, 1J26127) ,
( 12.2; 13.2) .
. . . . . III.16.1.
IV.
12.1. . (a n v ah ary ap aca ia)
( d a k $ i q a g n i /. , . .
), (anvaharya)
i$ ti . . . CS, 303.
, , , . . .

, ;
; ^ dak^ipflgnl . .
(CS, 303).
IV.
13.1. (ahavanlya) ,
( ,
). ,
(. CS, 301, 303).
, , , . . .
, . . ;
; (, . CS, 305).
IV.
14.2. (apeva nihnuta)...
, , . ( ...) , ,
, , , ,
(CS, 307). (BUH, 75# 172, . 83)
, ,
.
IV .14.3. - - (ldam)... . . 67.
. . . . .
.
(. , ). . -CS, 308309; CSe, 56, . 1.
IV .15.1, ... . , (VIII.7.
4); , III.7.18; IV.3.23.
. . .
(. , IV. 14.3).
IV .15.2. -(samyad-vama)... . ( PU, 416).
IV.
15.3. (vam anih)... . .
, .
IV. 15.4. (bhamaiih)... . CS, 311.
IV .15.5. . . .
(devaya.ia) ,
. (pit), ,

(. . V, 10; , IV.4.23; VI.2.1516 ; , . 18).
4. PU, 417. , 101 ( , 106) .

. . .

1
. . . , ( , ,

(. CS, 315-316).

. . . . . ;
, . . (CS, 316; UM, 68, . 2).
[ ] (puruo* manavah)...
. , V.10.2, UM, 68; SU, 128; BUH, 76; , 164; PU, 417;
CS, 313; CSe, 57, . 1; 67, . 3; , 101, 477, Anm. 153. .
(, 45.11. fg; , 45), , VI.2.15 ( .
VI. 1.18 puruo manasah; . , . .), : in dem Denkorgan befindllche Geist.
. . . , VI.2.15 (BS, 108, . 2)
tin etre spirituel, ; .
. . . ,
, K(satyaloka),
(parabrahman),
, (CS, 314; .
, V. 10.2; My, III.2, 8 - 9 ) .
. . . (imaip
, , , ,
,
,
(CS, 314).
IV.
16.1 .
,
{. . 1.1.9; CS, 317318), .
. . CS, 315; SU, 128129;;UM, 68, . 3.
...[ ]... . . . :<
(CS, 315).
. . .

(CS, 315316).
IV.16.2. ...
. . ,
{mauna-vijflanam ). . (UM, 69,
. 1) , .
. sarpskaroti: , , 45brl gt in Ordiu.ig; SU, 129
blldet; UM, 69 PU, 417418performs; CS, 317embellishes; CSe, 57
procure; CPa, 164appresta.
IV.
16.3. . . . . . ,
.
IV.
17.1 .
.
. . . . , 11.23.2. .

CSe, 53, . 2.
(. . 18):

18




( (

)
)

,
! 4

, !

, !
-1-

IV. 17.3.
* ... >... .. . . ,
.
11.23.2.
IV.
17.4 . . . . , 46,
, , , . . , , .
. CS, 323.
IV .17.5. . . . . , . IV .12.1. ().
IV.
17.6. , ,

, , *.
IV .17.7. . . . lavaijaborax. . UM, 71, . 1. .
, V.32.6 (SU, 131, Anm. 1).
IV .17.8.

(bhe$aJa-krto)...
. UM, 71, . 2; PU, 420; CS, 326.
IV.
17.9. . . . .
udak-pravago yajftah ,
(*, , IV.15.5). . , 166, . 4.
IV.
1-7.910. [ ] ,
.
,
,

, [] (yato ta avartate, tad tad gacchatl manavah


Brahmaivaika tvlk kuran a$vabhirakati) (gatha), , . . , 478, Anm.
159; . , 167, . 12; PU, 420; CS, 327328; Renou, Rem arques,
p. 101; Hauscliild, S. 4351 . ,
-, , ,
kuran. . UM, 7172, . 34 (. ;
).
, . (, 47.9 sq.; , 47)
ma.iavah manasfi, asva akna: wohin immer
der (gewohnliche) Mensch sich wendet, dahin gelit er auch. Der Brahman,
der eire Prlester, tiberwacht mit dem Auge die Verrichter des Opfers.
a \3 ( ) . (SU, 131, Anm. 3):
Wohin ei.ier den Schritt wendet, Dahin gelangt 10. ein Merschenkind: Nur
der Brahman beschiitzt, wachsam Gleich wie ein H und, die Opfernden.
. (CSe, 59
. 2), , , ,
,
, : Lhomme va partout, oii se poursuit le tourbillon
(du sarjisdra); seul le brahmane protege pretres et sacrifia..ts.


V.UL . . . , 15,
( , V I.1.16,
, . . retas).

, (. ). ,
,
, . . CS,
328329; SU, 132-133; WUH, 7071.
....
, IV.3.3; . II.3 . ,
() :, . .
(. CS, 330 ).
V.I.2.
(vasi$thah)...
; ,
(CS, 330). . CSe, 60, . 1; , 101 .
V.I.3. . . . . .
,
. . CS, 331; CSe, 60, . 2.

V.I.4. (srotraip ..sampat) .. UM, 72 PI),


421-success; CS, 331prosperity, (6/uti),
V .I.5. (ayatanam ),..
,
(PU, 421; CS, 332). . CSe, 60, . 3.
V. 1.615. ... ,
VI. 1.714 . . ,.111.3;
, 11,3 . . (UM, 72, .12)
,
(. , 11.32). ,
, ,
,
(CSj 337).
V.I.7. (pflplthataram Iva)

(. CS, 334).
V.
1.12. , 4- [ ] (bhagavann e d h i).. CS, 337; UM, 74. . PU,
423Revered sir, remain.
V.
1.15. . . . 3}, ,
(. , III.11.4). . CS, 339340.
V.2.I. ? . , VI. 1.14.

(CS, 341). . , 1.3.17 .
[ ] . . . .
,
(, 102). . SU, 135, Anm. 1; , . VI. 1.14.
...
: , ana
, *. . CS, 341; PU, 424; , 170, . 3.

. . . . , V.18.1,
, II.2.4 .
V.2.2.

? . . . . ,
X. 121.7; , .2.7 (SU, 135).
. . .
.
()
. . , VI. 1.14.
V.2.3. (Go$ruti Vayaghrapadya)
Vyaghrapada, . .
, VI.3.712.

V.2.4 . . .
mantha (, , ),
.
, VI.3 (., , 13,
, , , , , , , , , , , ,
). ,
, ,
(CS, 344).
(dikitva)...
dika (. . III.17.1),
, (CS, 344;
. PU, 425; UM, 75, . 2).
. . . . . . . .
, *
. (. ,
7: kamsam camasam va) (udumbara Ficus Glomerata,
).
. . . . . . avasafhya
grhya smarta (CS, 345).
V.2.5. !
svSha (su + aha),
.
V.2.6. () ,
(. , 1.3.22). ,
(. CS, ^347; , 172, . 1). . Renou,
Rem arques, p. 101; Hauschild, S. 5152.
V.2.7. ... (Savitar
; Bhaga ) , V.82.1.
(acamati) , VI.3.6.
, -, ,
.
[ ] . . .
(. BPh, 143, Anm. 15).
V.3.1 . (. , .
V.4.1 .) (
). , , . VI.2.1
14 ( ) 15 16 ( ). . SU, 137140; ,
64 sq.
(Svetaketu Aruneya)
Arunl. . VN, 1.40 410.
( s a mi t i m) . . . VI.2 .1 pari$adam.

(pancalanam ).. . . . (. ,
. 1.8.1).
. , . 1.8.1.
V.3.3. . . . . ., ,
(. UM, 77, . 1).
. . . ,
, , (. , VI, 49).
. . . . , V.9.1; ,
V I.2.2. . , , 51; SU, 140; CSe, 64. : rua-vacaso bhavanti - (. UM, 77; PU, 427;
CS, 352).
V.3.5. . . . -,
(SU, 141; CSe, 64, . 1; , 174, . 1). . , VI.2.34.
(avediyam ).. . . UM, 77, . 4.
V.3.6. . . .
. . , . 24,
, 7; , VI.2.8; CS, 355357.
V.4.1 . . . . ,
(CS, 358), ,
, ,
: (. . ), , , (
, ) . : , V I.2.9
14. , , , , ,
. (. SU,
138) . . 19.
...
( )
(. , IV. 13.1),
. , ;
, ; ,
; ,
; ,
; ,
(CS, 358).
V.4.2. . . . sraddham, , ,
,
(. CS,
359360; PU, 428). . . 11.22.1.
V .5.I. . . . . . III. 13.4. . ,
; [ ;
; ;
(CS, 361).

1.

19

-[
|

2. -

(sraddha)

3.

4.


(asanl)

5. - vulva (-

(yad ni)

(yad upama.itah kat rayaroti)


te)

iS

*
,
(,

V.5.2. ...
().
.
V .6.1. . . .
, ,
; ( ) ,
; ,
; ,
(CS, 36236)).
V.6.2. ... ( )
.
V .7.I. . . .
: . ,
; , ;
; ;

, . , 105
purua .
V.8.I. . ..
, .
(yad upam a.itrayate)... . , .13.1; BPh, 252,
. 24.
(yad antalj k a r o ti) .,. . , . VI.2.13*
V.9.I. . . . . . .
,
(, ; PU, 430, 431).
V.9.2. . . . ,
.
V.10.1 . , , . . . . . ,
.
( , \ . . 11.23.1). 110
. . . VI.2.1516; , IV. 15.
(sraddha tapa Itl upasate)...
cp. CS, 368; UM, 80. . (, 54.1, , 53) : Sraddham : (. WUH, 79; ,
176; , 106). . (PU, 431) .
SU, 143 Die Qlaube 1st a.isre Askese; CSe, 67
(cp. ibid, n. 2) qui connaissent que la mortification vaut la foi.
. . . . . , .
(CS, 369).
. . . LLIaman (II.1.3.1)
, .
. . . . .
.
[ ] . . . . .
: .
, , , . . ,
.2.6.8, , 20 ,
20 40 , 40 60 , 60 80
, 80 10 (BPh, 253, Anm. 33).
V.10.2. [ ] (puru$o manavah)... . , . IV. 15.5.
V.10.3. [ ] . . . . .
.
V.
10.4. , (tad devanam
annam, taip deva bhakayanti)... ,
, , ,

, , (. PU, 432). anna, bhak



, , . . UM, 80, . 4; CS, 371; CSe, 68, . 1.
V 0.5. [ ] (yavat sam patam )...
,
. . PU, 433; CS, 373; CSe, 68, . 2; , 106
.
. . . ,
, (CS, 374).
V.10.6. . . . . CS, 374.
(tad b h a /a eva bhavati)_ . UM .81;
PU, 433; CS, 373. . , , 54 Ja, ]3der, dar Speise geniesst und
Samen vergiesst, wird von Neuem zu diesen (d.i.zu Speise und Samei); SU,
143 so kann er sich daraus w elter entw ickeh; -CSe, 68 au fur et a mesure que 1u.i ou Pautre :na lge et engeidre, on revieat a la vie. Cp CS, 374;
CSe, 68, n. 3; WUH, 8031, n. 1; CPa, 177.
V.10.7. . . . . . . . . 1.8.1 . (vai^ya) , . ( dsla) (. . IV .2.3) \
, .
V.10.8. . . . . . ,
( )
( ). . PU, 434.
, . . .
(CS, 377).
. . . . . . ,
;
, . . CS, 377; UM,
82 sq ., . 1; CSe, 68, . 4.
[ ]...
(CS, 377).
V.10.9. . . . . , XI.55;
Hauscliild, S. 53.
V.
10.10. . . .
, :ie
, (CS, 378). . BPh, 255,
Anm. 43.
V.
11.1 .
, , (. , ) . . .
.6.1. . SU, 144147; CS, 379380; ., 178-179.

(PracinaSala Aupamanyava)

Upamanyu (CS, 379); (S atyiyajiia Paului) Pulusa, (V.13.1) Pracinayogya; ^


(Indrad/umna Bhallaveya) Bhallavi,
( V. 14.1) VaiySghrapadya; (Jana $karakya) 5arkarak$a; (Budlla Asvatara^vi) Asvatarasva, (V.16.1) Vayaghrapadya.
V.11.2. Gautama; . , .
III.11.4.
(V aiivanara )
, ,
, , ,
, (. CS, 380;
CSe, 69).
V.11.4. (ASvapati Katkeya) , ;
, ' (. CSe,
133; , 107).
V.
11.5. . . . . . .
, ;
, , ,
. ' , , .
. UM, 85, . 1,2; CS, 383; Hauschlld, S. 5354.
V.11.6. . . . ,
, .
V.11.7. [ ] . . . . .
, .
... . ., ,
, ,
,
(. CS, 384385; UM, 83, . 3; PU, 436).
V.
12.1. ... ,
, (. . 20).
(s u te ja )... . (56.14; , 56)*
, .6.1. 8, : sutateja wie g ekelterter Soma gluhende.
Cp. CSe, 70, n. 1; CPa, 181, n. 1; CMo, 481482, Anm. 207.

. e.
.
, , (suta, prasuta, asuta)
:
, agnitoma,
; ahfna, -

2 12 ; < . satra,
(. CS, 387; CSe, 70; SU, 148; , 181).

1 Ayna|


,
,

20

,
,

, ,

V.13.1. . . . . . . ,
, , (CS, 389).
V.
15.1. ... (bahula),
. (sarpdeha dih ,
*) , , ,
. . (CS, 392).
V.16.1. ... . . . ,
(CS, ).
V.18.1. , . . . . CS, 395.
pradeiamatram , ,
; . . .
: . . CS, 395396; PU,
440441; UM, 88, . 1; , 183, . 2; , 110.
, .
. . . .
abhlvlralnam (CS, 395; UM, 88;
SU, 151). . (, 59.2; , 58) atlvimanam: fiber
alles Maass hinausgehend. Cp. CSe, 73; CMo, 484, Anm. 216.

... . .
.
V.18.2. . . . . . . ,
, , , ,
, .
. . . ,
.
(vedl); (barhl)
; ,
(. , .
IV .11 .); ,
(CS, 397393). . , 184, . 3 ( , VI.4.3).
V.19.1 . . . .
. .
I (. CS, 399; UM, 89, . 1;
, 185, ty* 1), , . .,
(. , III.13) . . 21:

21

1-

[
] ()

,

(vyana)

, ,

, Hiy (
)

, ,


(samana)

,

(janya),

,

(udana)

V.22;2. . , . III.13:4;
V.23.2. (tv a k )... cp PU, 443444; CS, 405.
.24.1. (agiihotraip)... & . . CS,
406407.
V.24.2. . . . (hutam bhava1 ) . . . -. . . . . ; V.18.1;
fiPhi 277, Anm. 1921.
V.24.3. . . . ilka ,
Sftccfiartm SpoitaneifcTi.
V.24.4. ... ,
.
,
, ,
. Cp PU, 444445; CS, 408409; Hauschild, S. 5455.


VI.
1. . ,
(. ,
III. 11.4), ,
(. ). ( 17)

( ). . , . VI.2.4. . SU, 153159; CS,
410-411; BPh, 167 sq. (Bemerkungen); WUH, 8283; BUH, 7981; CPa,
49 sq
. . . . , . 11.23.1.
VI. 1.3. . . . . ., ,
(PU, 446; CSe, 77, . 1).
V I.1.4. (vikaro nama-dheyam)...
. PU. 447; CS, 414 modifl cat Ion; CPa, 189 modlficazio.ie; UM, 92,
n. 2 differeice; CSe, 78 les diverses modifications; , , 61;
BUH, 81 Umwaidling; WUH, 84 Entstellu.ig; ; 112 []
[] , . ,
. . PU,
447; UM, 92, . 2; , 189, . 1; CS, 414; BPh, 168, Bemerkuig.
. . , 515,
Anm. 367; . . : F. Kuiper, Vdcdrambhanam 11J, vol. I, 1957, 2 , pp. 155159; vol. II, 1958, 4,
pp. 303310; J. vai Balte.ie l, Vdcdrambhanam Reconsidered IIJ, vol. II,
1958, 4, pp. 295305. . . . ,

, .
, ., 1964, . 86 ., . 17 .; Morgenroth, S p ra ch e, S. 226; . , VI.4.1 .
VI. 1,5. . . . .
loha , . . PU, 447.
VI. 1.7. ... ... ,
(
), ,
(CS, 415).
VI.2.1. . . . [ ] (sad eva... idam
agra a sld )... . .
, III. 19.1; , 1.4.10 .; , II.67; , VI. 17
. . PU, 448; CS, 416417; , 49 sq.
VI.2.2. . . . . PU, 449.
VI.2.3. . . . , alkata .
. PU, 449.
. . . (tejo srjata... *
srJata)_ . . , , , , ,
. . CS, 418419; UM, 93, -. 3; 94, . 12; CSe, 78, . 1; ,
190 calore; , , 62; SU, 161; BUH, 81 glut; WUH, 85Warme; , 113 . .
VI.2.4. (annam asrjanta)... . .
, ., . .
. UM, 94, n. 3;~CS, 420. (.
), -, :< (sattva,
rajas, tamas) . PU, 452; CSe, 80, n. 3", Se.iart, Thtorie, pp. 283292;
Prz/luski, L o i, pp. 439 7; , . 2122.
VI.3.1. . . .
(andajam, jivajam, udbhljjam) 1
: (svedajarp).
, 1 (. CS, 421). (WUH, 86, . 1; CSe, 79, . 1), pecaet
.
VI.3.2. (seyarp devatalkata).... .
, . . PU, 450; UM, 94, . 5; CSe, 79, . 2.
(Jive.ia tma.ia)... ,
, (UM, 93, . 1;
CS, 422).
. . . . . , ().
(nama-rope vyakaravSniti). CSe, 80, . 1.
VI.3.3. . . . . . .
,

: 1) 7 (anlma . , VI.5 . .)
-f V* + 7 4 = ( ); 2) /2 (
)+ 74 + 74 = ( ); 3) 7
( ) + 7 4 + 7 4 = ( ).
. CS, 423424.
VI.4.1. . . .
(lUpani)
(. CS, 425) . . 22:

22

:
, ,
,

(annasya)... . , , 63 Speise; SU, 161 Nahrurg; CSe, 80 nourriture; CS, 425 food (earth); UM, 95 PU, 451
earth; , 114 .
, [ ]
(apagad ag.ier agiitvam )... . , V I.1.4 .
( )
, ,
, (satyam),
,
(72 + 74 + 7*)- . PU, 452; CS, 425428; , 191, . 7.
VI.4.5. . . . [ ] . .
, ,
(CS, 429). . ,
. (UM, 96, . 1).
VI.5.1 . . . .
, *, ( ) (. . 23).
, ,
; , , . . ,
11.6; . PU, 453; CS, 432; CSe, 81, . 1.

23

(sthavltha)


(madhyama)

(ani|ha)

VI.5.2. . . . , () ;
,
(CS, 433).
VI.5.3. . . . ,
, (. )*
(. PU, 453; CS, 434).
VI.5.4. . . . , ,
, ,
, . . . PU,
453; CS, 435.
.
VI.7.1. ,
... ,
, .
, 15- ,

; (. ).
, , . . ,
, . . .
1.5.14; , VI. . CS, 439 , 443.
VI.7.2. ... , .... , . 1.1.1 ;2; 7.5.
VI.7.6. . . . . , . 1.3.12.
VI.8.1 .
. (svap a.-.ta
, ; ),
. . , ,
, (jiva)
(svam apito bhavati), . . ,

. . UM, 93, . 2; CS, 444; PU, 456; CSe, 83; Hei, T ie fs c h la f.


. . . : svapitl ()svairi
hy ap ito ... bhavati ( ).
V I.8.2. . . . . . .
(manas) (;
, ),
. . UM, 99, . 2; , 195,
. 4; CS, 445447; PU, 456457.
V I.8.3. ... . . . :
asana () gonaya ( ) purua (
) aianSya ( ). , , 5.
* ,
. . CS, 448449; PUr. 457;
SU, 165.
(suflgam), ,
, . . CS, 449.
V I.8.4. . . .
(rnQla): ()
(sat) . . UM,
99, . 3; PU, 457.
VI.8.6. . . . - . , VI.45.
. . . ,
, ,
; ,
(parasyam devatayam). .. PU, 458; CS, 452453; UM, iOJ, n. 1.
V I.8.7. [ ] (sa nlm a)...
,
,
, , ,
.! : (ta t tvam asl, .:
>). , 117 . , : .
( . mahavakya)
(., ., , 1.4.10,15; , 1.5.1)
;
. ,
(XIII .) : a tat tvam
asl (PU, 467). . : , 489 sq ., Anm.
247; . , , . 1923. . PU, 4 .8 459; CS, 454455;
BPh, 177 sq. ( ige ); F. H eller, Die M ystik in den Upanishadan,
Miinche.i, 1923, S. 26; F. H eller, The idea o f god in Indian and Wes~

tern m ysticism , IAC, IX, 1930, 1, p. 50 sq.; Sen Gupta, The mea
nings .
. . . ,
, , (Jiva),
, * (. ). . UMt 101, . 1; CS, 455; PU, 459.
(. ).
VI.9.2. . . . . . ,
.
VI.9.3. (tad flbhavantl)... . .

- . . , VI. 10.2.
. , 197, . 34; CSr 457; PU, 460; , 492, . 249.
VI.9.4. ...
: ,
, , .
, ?
(UM, 102, . 1; CS, 457).
VI.
10.1. . . . . .
(, 197, . 5; PU,
460; CS, 459).
V I.10.3. ... :
, , , ,
. ,
? (UM, 102, . 2; CS, 460.)
V I.11.1. ... . .
.
VI.
11.3. . . . , ,
, (PU, 461; .
UM, 103, . 1).
. . . [ ] . . . sto
, , ,
. .,
(UM, 103, . 1; CS, 463).
. . . :
, , ,
? (UM, 104, . 1; CS, 463464.)
VI.
12.1. (fiyagrodha) ,
(Ficus Indica).
VI.12.2. [ ] . . .
,
(PU 462).

V I.12.3. . . . :
, ? (PU, 463; CS, 436)
V I.13.2. ... . , 493 sq., Anm. 256.
. . . , , , ,
, . ,
(PU, 453; CS, 458; WtJH, 96, Anm. 1; , 199,
. 3). . , II.4.12.
VI.
13.3. ... ;
? (CS, 450; (JM, 105, . 2.)
VI.14.1 .
...
: (sat); ,
, , ;
; ,
, ;
, , , ,
,
(. UM, 105, . 1; PU, 464465).
. . . [ ] (gandarebhyo)...
(.
). . UM, 105, . 3.
(pradhm ayita)... .
: pradhavetaslch aufmachei wfirde. . , 70.91 ,
6;, 88, . 1; . ; F. Edgertoi, Studies in the V eda, JAOS,.
vol. 35, 1915, p. 242 sq. (: Edgerton, Studies); Morgenroth, Sprache,
S. 229230; CMo, 497193, Aim. 26).
V I.14.2. . . . . .
. . , 200, . 5; CS, 471472.
V I.14.3.. . . .
:
(. , IV. 15.5) ? . CS,
472473; UM, 107, .2.
VI.15.2. .... VI. 8.6.
, , -
.
, ,
, . .
. . CS, 474; PU, 465.
VI.
15.3. . . . :
/ /
, ? (. . .)

. .
UM, 103, . 1; CS. 475.
VI.15.1 . . , .

: .
.
, ,
, ,

, ; ,
,
, (UM, 108, . 1; PU. 466; CS,
477). . Edgerto.i, S tid ie s , , 245 sq.
VI. 16.3. , (sa yatha tatra dahyeta)_ . e. , (. PU, 466). . UM, 10); SU 170; PU 467;
CS, 478; CSe, 8); WUH, 93; BUH, 87; CPa, 201, n. 4; BPh, 184. . (, 71.13; , 71)
3 . . CSe,
39, . 1.


VII.
1.1 . . , ,
,
( )
. ( -

; . 115) (
; . 1622)
bhaman (. ), . . . . CS,
479480; CSe, XXVIIIXXIX; SU, 170173; , 56 sq.
... . , III.1.1.
(NSrada) -/?,
, ( ,
. .). :
(naram dadati III naradah). . PU, 458; VN, 1.445.
( latKumara . ,
Sa iat ; : )
, ,
, .

,
(. PU, 468).
V II.1.2. . . . 18
, ;
(. CS, 483484). ,
(1.4; 2.1),
,
. .4.10; IV .5.11. (. , . 12).
. . 1.1.1; (Atharvana), , . , . III.4.1; .
(vedanam veda) ;
pitrya; 'I; dalva;
nidhl; vakovakya; ;
devavldya (. ;
; . , 121);
brahmavidya; bhatavidya; katravldya; nakatravidya;
sarpadevajanavldya (, ,
). . CS, 481482; PU, 45846'); CSe, 90, . 1;
UM, 109110, . 1; , 516, Anm. 368. . Faddegon, Catalogue ,
p. 42 sq.
V II.1.3.
. . .
. . . .
(CSe, 90, . 2.) .
, ;
, ,
. CS, 483485.
VII.
1.4. (), , , , (. ,
), . . CS, 486; CSe, 91, . 2;
UM, , . 2.
VII.2.1. . . . (vac), ,

.
(. CS, 489-490).
VII.3.1* , . . .
. ,
. . PU, 471; CS, 492; UM, 112, . 1; , 122 .,
, manas: .
a (a.nalaka) (Embllc Myrobalan);
(kola) Zlzyphus Jujuba; (ak a )
T erm iialla 111, < .
. . . marasa manasyati.

. . . . . ,
(CS, 492).
. . .
,
(CS, 492). . ,
(GSe, 9?, . 2).
VII.4.1. (samkalpo) , .... UM, 112;
CS, 494; PU, 472 will; , , 73 W ille; SU, 176 - Entschlufl;
, 20), . 3 declsione. . (CSe, 93) la pense; . , 123 . Saqikalpa <
, , .
, , ;
sam 4- kalp (', ),
( )
. Cp UM, 112, . 2; CS, 494; PU, 47?; CSe, 93, . 2.
(m antra)... . .
o f ,
(CS, 494).
VII.4.2. ~ . . .
sam -I- kalp (. . VII.4.1). . , Anm. 74. 2 sq;CSe, 91,
n. 1; SO, 176, Anm. 1. . , VI.'2.4;
1.2; VI. 57;
:
; (. . )
; , . .

. . 0$ , 496; UM, 113, . 1; , 206, . 1; Morgenroth, S pra ch e, 227.
VII.4.3. . . . . . ,
, (CS, 498).
VII.5.1. (c ltta m )...
;
, -
, , , < (. , VI.20)*
. , 206, . 3; CS, 498499; PU, 473; , 123 .
VII.5.3. . . . .-,
VII.4.3. . CSe, 95,
. 1; BPh, 301, Anm. 29.
VII.6.1. (dhyanam)... ,
.

, , , ,
. . . PU, 474; CS, 503; UM, 114, . 1; CSe, 95, . 2; ,
124 .

(deva-manuyali)...
>, ., . .
(PU, 474-475).
[ ] (dhyanapadarpsa
ivaiva te b h a v a iti).. (apada dh/a.iaphaldlabha); .i. PU, 474; CS, 502; CPa, 203. . , . 75.11 sq.; ,
74 das SI l ie l als Geschs.ik auf lhrei A ithell bekommei zu habe.i; SU,
178 die Gabe des S i.neis glelchsam als ihrenA iteil erhalte habe.i; UM,
115 seem to have obtained a part of the object of reflectio.i; CSe, 95
{cp. ibid., n. 3) SD.it 11.is a la reflexion. . CMo, 01, . 280.
VII.7.1. , . . . (vi J) ,
. . CS, 505; , 203, ji. 1 (co.ioscere dlscerne.ido).
(rasaqi)... CS, 505; SU, 179; PU, 476.
, . , , 7_> Saft; UM, 115 savour; CSe, 95legofit.
V ll.7.2. (vijftanavato... jiianavato).... e.,
,
. . , III.9.28; UM, 116, n. 1.
VII.8.1. , . . . * (balam)
;
(. , ). . , 209, . 1; CS, 503.
...
...

[ ... ] (athotthata bhavati... paricarita bhavatl... upasatta bhav ati)... cp. CSe, 93, . 1; , , 75, .; , 125
[].
(. 62 ),
V11.9.1. , .... , . VII.8.1.
(atha a.inasya/e)... . .
CS, 509510; PU, 477 .
. (, 77.5):
athannasya prasya. . CSe, .97, n 1; , 502, Anm. 285.
VII.
10.1. , . . .
(. ). . Minard, . 166, . 403.
. . . pragafo (, ; , 126
), -, pra^inab
(. , VII. 15.1). . CSe, 98, . 1.
VII.
11.1. , (tejo).... UM CSfire;
SU Glut; PU heat;-CSe ; , 210 ( )
calore; , 127 .
: , , ,
. . ; . PU, 479; CS, 514.

VII.11.2. (tejasvi)... . CSe, 99, n. . l.


V II.12.1. , (^)...
(CS, 516).
... . . ,
, , , (UM, 118, . 2; PU, 480).
VII.
12.2. . . . [ajsambadhan, ,
. . PU, 480.
VII.
13.1. ^ , (smaro)...

, , ,
(. , V J.78 : ). . UM, 119,
. 1; CS, 518519; CSe, 9, . 2.
VII.
14.1. , . . .
, 3s3 ^ ,
, . . PU, 481;
CS, 520.
VII.
15.1. . . . , -,
, , (prajnat i),
(UM, 120, II. 1, 2; PU, 482; > CS. 522523; CSe, 100, . 1).
. . . . , 11.5.15 .
[ ] ( dadatl).... PU, 482 .
VII.
15.2. . . . I , 3.15
(SU, 183, . 1).
VII.
15.3. . . . . .
(. CS, 525).
VII.
15.4. . . . ativ3dli,
-,
, ,
, . , , ,
. , My, III. 1.4 atlvadii, ,
, , . . :
. . UM, 120, . 3; PU, 483; CS, 526; CSe, 101, . 1; BUH, 88;
, 213, . 2; , 129 .
VII.
16.1 . :
(satyam) . . (. CS, 527).
V II.17.1. , . . .
, :
, (vy3vah3rika satya), (m3rtha satya), (vijna ia),
, , , ,
, . . ,
8

22<iH

225

, . . CS, .528-529; PU, 484;


UM, .121, . 2.
VII.
19.1. (Sraddha),
,
(asttkya-tnuldhl) , . . . CS, 530531;' PU, 484
VII.20.1. . . . (iitha),
,
. . UM, 122; CS, 531; PU, 485.
(III.3) ni$|ha , , (. .
). . CSe, 103, . 1.
VII.21.1. ... (krtl) ?
(CS, 532; PUt
485).
VII.
22,1. . . . (sukham;
. UM, 122 bliss) ,
, ,
(. CS, 533; CSe, 103, . 2).
VI 1.23.1. , ( vai bhama
tat sukham) , bhaman , ,
, ,
(alpa , ), , ,
. , IV .10.5. . CS, 534535; PU, 486; CSe, 104, . 1; SU, 1 8 \
VI
[.21.1. . . .
bhama : (. , II.4.14; IV.5.15).
> (mahln )
, , }

. . CS, 536537; PU, 487; UM, 123, . 2.
VII.24.2. [ ] . . . . .
, .
VII.25.1. , (sa pascat, sa p urastat)...
: , ... (PU, 488; SU, 185).
V II.2>.I2. c e 6e ( a t ha t o*
haipkaradeSa eva)... bhaman ;
, ,
, (. , VI.8.7 );
(athata atmadesa eva...)
, Cd . CS, 540, 542; , 216, . 2.
VII.25.2. (sa svara 1 bhavat i ) . . . . e. 1
? ;
(a.nya-rajanas te... bhavantl). PU. 488; CS, 542543

VIlt.26.l-
. , .
,
; (. .,
, ), . . UM, 124, .
12; PU. 489; CS, 544.
VI(.26.2; Q h , . . ^
;
. . , . .
, .
. , 111*9:9; , V.2. , UM, 125, . 1; PU, 489; Hauschlld, S.
5556.
. . . ^ ahdra-suddhau ^
. . PU, 490; CS, 547548.
(mrdlta-kaay3ya)... ,
(CS, 548).
...
... Skanda
. . CS, 547548; UM, 125; SU, 187.


VIII. 1.1 . :
l - 6 712 0
. , VII
,
,
,
(,. ). VIII. 16 . .
CSe, XXX; UM, 125, n. 1; SU, 187189; CPa, 58 sq.; CS, 54950; PU,
491.
. . . , 5 (.
SU, 189; , 3). , 84.7; CSe, 107; SU, 189; , (harih aum).
Brahmapure, , ;
(dahflram puiidarikaip) , (PU,
491).

. . . *
(akflta). . , VIII. 14.1. . , IV. 1.7; 2.3; V.3.I.
VIII. 1.3. , (asya)... . .
, ; , .
. . PU, 492; CIS,
552553; UM, 12, n. 1.
VILLI.4. (satve kamsbj... .

(UM, 126),
; . CSe, 107; . 2; CS, 553.
V III.1.5. ... . . . ,
,
.. , ,
. . CS, 557558; SU, 189.
. . . satya-saipkalpab.
(yatha hy eveha)... -,
(. , , 83; SU, 189; CSe, 108, . 1);
., , 6 ,
(yatha... yatha... evam). . UM, 127; CS, 555
557; PU, 492-493.
VIII. 1.6, . . . , -,
,
,
(. . karma-jito pugya []-jito, , ). ,
; ,
. . CSe, 108, . 2; , 219, . 7;
CS, 557558; PU, 493.
(satydn )... . . ,
, (UM, 127, . 2).
VIII.2.1. (pltr-Ioka)... ,
;
,
, (UM, 127, . 3; CS, 558559/).
VIII.2.10. (yam yam antam)... . PU, 495.
VIII.3.1. (anrtapldhanafo)...
, ()
, (m aya), . CS, 563 564; CSe, 110,
. 1.
(. , ; . UM,
129, . 1).
VIII.3.2 . . . . . ,
, . . UM, 129; PU, 495; CSe, 110 .
, [ ]
(ahar ahar gaccha itya etara brahma-lokaip na vlndanti)...
, (. PU,
4U5-495; UM, 129; SU, 191). . (CSe, 110, . 2) ,
Jbrahma*lokam viideyuft, a gacchantya
(vive.it ]our aprs. Jour sans cteeouvrir ce monde de brahman). Cm.
, 503, Anm. 313.
VIII. 3.3. , (hfdy

ayam iti, tasm3dd hrdayam)


. . , V .3.1 .; . CS, 566; PU, 496.
VIII.3.4. (samprasado)... . ,
VIII. 12.3. -, (jiva)
, (. CS, 67; SU
191).
VIII.3.5. . . . satyam ()
: sa-t(i)-yam. Sa (sat
), ti ( ,
mrtyu anrta ); yarn (yacchati).
. , V.5.1; . , Anm. 87.2; UM, 130, . 1; PU, 496; CS, 68.
VIII.4.1. , ( 3tm3, sa setur vidhft lr ) ... . , IV.4.22; , VII.7; , 1.3.2; My, 11.2.5. . CPa, 223,
n. 3.
, . . .
, . . PU, 497; CS, 570.
VIII.4.2. . . . ,
. . , ;
(CS, 571).
. , III. 11.3. * *
, , (CS, 71).
VIII.4.3. (brahmacaiyerja)... . .
(. , . 11.23.1). . (, , 86)
: Brahmanenlehre. . SU, 188; . , .
VIII.5.1. . , . .
, . . , *
.
(), yajfa ( )
Jf.ata (, ). . CS, 573; PU, 499; UM, 131, . 3.
. . . i$ta ( j) ^.
1 (, ), . .
, .
VIII.5.2. a m m . . . sa tt rayaija (
) sat () 4- trayaga
().
. . . mauna man (
).
VIII.5.3. . . . ? ( .
nas)
: . . .
. . .
. . , 1.3 ().
(tftiyasyam I to d iv i)... .

,
(. W. Kirfel, Die Kosmographie d r 1, Leipzig, 190,
S. 40: sq:). ,
* . , : Alramoiadiyam (,
); ;<,
(aivatthalj soma-savaial? . , . II.22.1.); (;
, 1.3: ayataia ) Aoarajlta (*);
, (prabhu). . UM, 131, 3; PU, 433; CS,
577-^578.
VIII-.. . . . cfpaHcree / .
(a:ilm ia; . , VI.8.7 .)
(. , IV.3.20; 4.9: pita harlta).
,
. ,
(, ): ) - , ,
^; ;
. . ,
(. S, 579 580; SU, 188189).
V.I1I.6.3' ,
(snptalj samastaU sam prasariab)...
,
, . . , VI.8.1 .;
V III. .1; , IV 3.13 . . CS, 582; PU, 500; SU, 193; Heimann,
T te fs c h la f.
[ a] (tejasa... sampanno). CSe, 113, n. 1.
VIII.6.5. , , (sa aum Iti va ha ut
va m lyate)... . ; , 50430), Aim. 325; cp. PU, 500; CSf
583. ; (CB, 83.5) : udva niyate; cp. SU, 194; CSe, 113,
n, 2 ardhvam lyate. . ; A. Hillebrandt, W elter kungen den U pan i$ a d s, ZDM3, Bd 63, 1915, S. 104: sa om itl
vahab-~oim 1st das Fahrzeug; er (oder es) ellt empor (cp. BUH, 93).
(k$ipyen manah)... cp. SU, 194; CSe, 113, n.
3; CS, 584. : , . . UM,
134; , 89.6, , 87; PU, 500501; , 505, Aim. 326.
VIII.6.6. . . . ,
: 1) ,
(nail), ,
'; 2) , .
. , II.3.16 (PU, 647); Mr, VI.21 . . UM, 134, . 2; scfilld, S. 5657.

VIII.7.1 . , . . .
,
. .. : VIII. 1.5; 3.4; ,
IV.3.21 . . SU, 194-196; CS, 586; , 62sq ; PU, 510; . , , . 66 ,, . . ,
. ,
, VII, . 4 (34), 1896, . 552 578.
VIII.7.2. a {Virocana) ,
(Ball).
. . ,
(. , IV. 4.5).
VII
1.7.3. ...
, , ,
, (CS, 589).
VUI.7.4. . . .
, ,
(. , 1.2; , 11.3.5; III.9.15 .)
,
, . .
()
, , .
. CS, 590; PU, 502; UM, 135, 12. ,
,
: 1), , 2)
, 3) (. SU, 194195).
VIII.8.1 . . . . ,
(atmanam) .
VIII.8.2 . . . . ,
, ,
, .
(. , 4); . PU, 503; CS, 593.
VIII.8.4. (etad upani?ado)...

upaniad (. CSe, 115, . 1).
(atmalveha mahayyah)... . CS, 593; PU, 504; CSe 115, n. 2; UM, 136 137; SU, 197.
VIII.8.5. , . . , . -
bhlkaya , . . (, . 91.7; PU, 504;
CSe, 115, . 3). . ,
, (UM, 137, . 1; . WUH, 102,
, 2);
VIII.9.1.. ... [ ]
(etad bhavarp dadarsa) , ,

,
( ), , ,
. . CS, 597599; UM, 137,
. 2.
, . . . sramafo
(PU, 503). ,
VIII.
10. 1 *
(bhogyam)... . , 508, . 341.
VIII.9.2. (Maghavan ) .
. . . ,
, ,
(. , VI 1.1.1 .); . CS, 599.
VIII.
10.1 . . . .
. . .
( )
,
. . , II. 1.17 .; IV.3*7 . . PU, 503; CS, 602.
VIII.
10.2. . . . . , . VIII.9.1; .
PU, 503.
. . . viccha/ayantl: ,
92.9,16; , 90 11 die Enge triebe; UM, 138, n. 1 chased; SU,
199 bedrangte i (cp. WUH, 104); BUH, 97 verjagen; CSe, 117 (ibid.* n.
1) le fasse souffrir. , IV.3.20; hastiva
vlcchayayatl. . (PU, 506) : vicchadayanti (chadun
clo th e) . CPa, 230, n. 2 (spogliio). (CS, 601602),
, :
chase. , 1.35 . . , 509
Anm. 344.
VIII.
10.4. , . . . . .
.
, ,
(CS, 604; PU, 507).
VIII.11.1 . . . . ,
, - ,
, , . . .
CS, 60S; PU, 507; . , VIII.6.3; , IV.3.23 .
(ayam aham asm iti)... - . . . . CSe, 117
.
V III.11.3. ,
. . . , anyatraitasmSt atman
(. UM, 140, . 2; , 231, . 3; CS, 607; PU, 508; BPh, 283, Anm. 29).
. ,
(, , 91): Ich werde dir noch eine

weltere Erklarung von ihm geben, aber nicht anders als unter der folgenden
Bediigung (cp BUH, 97; CSe, U3, n. 1>; WUH, 103: ...und dann nicht
wleder: dies sel das letzte Mai. , 136, , :
: , .
...
, (CS, 607),.
VIIM2.1. ... . . ,
, . .
CS, 608-609; UM, 141,. . 2.
VIII.
12.2 . . . .
*

,* CS, 61061
VIII.12.3. , . . . . , IV .3.9 h o i .;
, ,
, (PU, 509; . UM,
141, . 4). , (WUH, 106, Anm. 1). .
BUH, 97; 137, 108; , 232, . 1).
. . .
, (. CS, 611).

. : , 1.3.3 .;
CS, 611-612; UM, 142, . 1.
VIII.
12.4 . ...
(, . .),
(PU, 50; CS, 613614;
CSe, 119, . 1; , 233, 1).
VIII.
12.5. . . .
, (UM, 142, . 2; SU, 201).
. . . . . ,
. . (CS, 614615).
VIII.
12.6. . . . . . ,
(. QSi 616; CSe, 119 .).
VIII.13.1. (syamac chabalam
prapadye)... (pavana man
tra); . (SU, 201), 16
,
(. VIII, 1.1
.);
(VIII.5.3), ;
. Gp. SU, 201; CS* 618; CSe, 119, n. 2; CPa, 233, n. 4.
, syama sabala ,
: .

, , *
(, X, 14.10 .). . * PU, 510511.
(Rahu) < ; ,
, ;
.
. . . . . , -, -
(. C S e, 12), . 1).

(akf tarn)... CSe, 120, . 2 (


, 1.2.12;6), , >
, .
. . . Caipani, A note on the Ckandogya-upanisad, fC, vol. Ill,
Jan. 1937, pp. 545547.
VIII.
14.1. . . . akaa,
, ,
(PU, 511; CS, 619-620).
. . . . . . . . .
(. PU, 511; , . 24.
(adatkam)... ^ . , * 9^; SU, 202; , 234;
PIT, 511. . (UM, 143) adatkam adatkam: toothless, yet
devouring; : CS, 619; CSe, 120; cp. CPa, 234, n. 5.
. . .
(linduplcchala),
; , ,
3 1. . UM, 143 (ibid., . 5 ) abode; SU, 201202 schleimige;
CSe, 120 (ibid, rt.3) membrane; CPa, 234 mucoso; CS, 619 slippery;
PU, 511 devouring (?). . (CB, Atim. 95.4 sq.; ., 93)
* , , (M6ge ich
nicht des welssen zahnlosen Abzelchens theilhaftig werden), . e.
lindu lin g a, . . (1
c it.). . , 234, . 5; , 510, Anm, 35); Hauschlld, S. 6061
VIII.
15.1. ... ,
(. , III. 11.4; .
, , , II.6; IV.6; VI.5).

, , ,
, (
, . 23; , . 11.23.1). . SU, 202.
. . . . , . III.11.4.
[ ] ,
, (-kuiad vedam
adhitya yatha-vidhanam, gurob karma [krtvB] atise^ena abhi s a ma vf t ya .

.
. . UM, 144; SU, 202; , 235; PU, 512; CS, 621. .
. (, , 93 Wer, nachdem den Veda nach
der Vorschrlft erlernt und die Geschafte des Lehrers unter alien Umstanden
verrlchtet hat, aus dem Hause des Lehrers zuriickgekehrt 1st...) .
<CSe, 120 121 Celui qul, revenu de chez son maitre aprs avoir appris
le Veda et s fctre com plem ent a c q u i t , conforn^ment aux prescriptions,
du service dfl au guru. Cp. ibid., 121, n. 1). Cm. CMo, 510, Anm. 359.
(sucau dese)... . e., -,
(. SU, 202).
[ ] . . .
dharmikfl 1 (PU, 512).
; , ,
.
(anyatra tirtebhyah)...
-, , , ,
, (tlrth a , ,
, . .),
. . , 9 93; SU, 202; CSe, 121;
, 235. ,
(bhik8),
(UM, 144, . 1; PU, 512). (CS, 622)
, *
,
.
. . . . .
(. CS, 622).
,
(. . I ).

.
.


.
.

.

.
.
.
.

.
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Ruben, U ddalaka. W. Ruben, U ddalaka and Yajnavalkya. M aterialism
and idealism , Indian studies. Past aid present, vol. HI, 1902,
pp. 34 53.54.
Schayer. S. Shayer, Ober die B edeutung des IX'ortes U pani$adt Rocziiik Orlentalistyczny, t. Ill, (1925), 1927, str. 5767.
Sen Gu,)ta, The M eanings. A. Sen Gupta, The m eanings o f That thou
a r t,Philosophy East aid West, vol. 12, 1962, 2, pp. 125 134.
Senart, Throrie. E. Senart, La theorie des Gunas et la ChUndogya
U panl$adt Etudes Asiatiqucs, t. II, 1925, - 285292.
Senart, Upas. E. Senart, Upds-U pani$ad, Florilegium... Melchior
de Vogue, Paris, 1909, pp. 575587.
VN Vedic Index o f names and su b jects, by A. Macdonrel and A. Keith,
vol. III, Celhi, 1938.
Wecker. O. Wecker, Der Gebrauch d er Kasus in der dlteren Upanlad-Llteratur verglichen m it der K a su slth re der indlschen Grammatik e rf GfiiiLigen, 103.
W. D. Wliiiliey, B u h tlln g k 's U panishads, AJPh, [vol. XI, 1890, pp.
407439.
Winternltz, H istory. M. WInternltz, A h isto ry o f Indian litera tu re,
vul. I, pt I, Calcutta, 1959.
Winternltz, Lehre. M. W internltz, Z u r Lehre von den A sra m a s,>b k h .
Bcltrage zur Literaturwlssei.scliaft uid Celstesgcschlchte li.dieus. Festgabe Hermann Jacobi, Bonn, 192G, S. 215227.


L. Renou, B ibliographie Vedique, Paris, 1931, p. 101 sq. (
pp. 117119).
R. N. Dandekar, Vedlc bibliography, Bombay, 1946, p. 30 sq. (
3940); Idem, Vedlc bibliography, vol. II, Poona, 1961, p. 56 sq. (
pp. 6264).
CMo, S. 539561 (Literaturverzeichnis).

63
26, 86
197
15, 69, 70, 73, 74, 77, 161, 172
176, 177, 181, 182, 186, 199
70, 176 178
18, 42, 108, 207,
213
214
63, 64, 166, 167
70, 71, 74, 75, 80, 81, 176
177, 182, 190. 191
15, 77, 172, 185,199
49, 92, 147, 160, 189.
203
135
120, 222
97, 206
120, 222
96, 205
91, 105. 200. 203
213
51, 148, 149, 180, 193
135
135, 136
16, 20, 27, 38, 45, 50,
137, 133, 147, 149, 231
103, 211
57, 157

57, 158
16. 17, 19, 20, 24, 26, 28,
33, 40, 4245, 78, 79, 86, 91, 92,
102105, 108, 110, 114119, 121,
130, 132135, 137142, 145,
154 156, 161, 167, 176, 187
189. 201, 211, 213215, 217, 219,
222, 226, 229, 231233.
42, 102105,
108, 210, 211, 213215
60, 161
119, 120, 123, 222
73, 179, 180, 182
(. )
60, 161
71, 91, 94, 105, 176 178,
200, 201, 203, 207, 213
19, 23, 24, 26.
42, 102, 210212
51, 149
( )
51, 59, 60, 148, 149, 159
60, 160
( ) 17,
1921, 27, 33, 4042, 44, 45,
55, 70, 73, 7679, 82, 83, 87
92, 101, 102, 119127, 132,

*

,
. .

1134 138, 140142, 145, 146, 153.


154, 156. 159, 161, 175, 176. 179,
755185, 187 189. 193195,
198204, 270, 222, 225230,
233235
(-) 75, 76, 142,
745, 745, 181 183, 22/, 254
( ) 2326,
30.39,42, 68, 85, 87, 99, 101, 102,
109. 127, 142, 755. 156 158. 172,
175. 188, 191, 196, 207, 210212.
222, 234, 235
() 9294. /47, /50,
202. 204.
59, 66, 169, 171
75, 51, 69, 148, 149
( (
) 102, 104, 27/, 2/2
98
70, 79, 93, 189, 205
70, 79, 93, 189, 203
39, 67, 169, 171
39, 66, 169, 171
24, 101, 142, 210, 234
39, 66, 169, 170
16, 60, 69, 74, 160, 181, 182
186, 189
70, 73, 74, 80, 176 178, 182
190. 191
60, 161
16, 6, 71, 78, 172, 176, 187.
198, 199
(.
;
)
,, 10, 12, 41, 43, 59, 69, 102,
109, 111, 119, 120, 123, 142, 146.
152, 159, 169, 172, 173, 175f 180
181,
197, 203, 222, 234
60, 86, 161, 183, 198
28, 50, 45, 137139, 25/
252
16. 60. 70. 71 161
176. 177

68, 160, 169, 173


14, 117, 220
70, 90, 93, 105, /76.
777, 200, 20/, 205, 2/5
(. )
39, 65, 168, 169
27, 40, 76, 77, 80, 168, 170
184, 190, 191
(.
)
97 206
81, 193
93, /77, 178, 203
13, 81, 193
86, 87, 198
80, 190, 191
78, 187
102, 104,
211, 212

84, 85
24, 27
30, 41, 84, 85, 195197
60, 161
15, 28, 30, 45, 69, 74
137140, 148, 174, 177, 181, 182
193, 231233
(
) 102, 104, 21/. 212
12, 73, 119, 120, 123. 179
180, 222
53, 54. 755
120, 222
84, 86, 196, 198
13. 81, 193, 221
14, 57, 158, 197
24, 99, 205
/5, 24, 101, 156
195197, 207, 210, 211

157

() 139, 140, 252


76, 142, 183, 194, 210, 234
16, 75. 182
/4, 85, 197
24. 81 191

51, 149
26, 28, 30, 43, 119. 221
222

63
39, 6168, 163173
135, 136
116, 219
16, 17, 38. 40, 49, 51, 53, 50.
61, 70, 72, 84, 136, 145 147
150, 152, 153, 156, 162, 165, 176.
178, 181
14, 98, 157, 207
21, 42, 77. 99, 1
207, 208
63
16, 19, 21, 30, 40,
41, 44, 45, 50, 60, 69, 70, 76, 93,
95, 137142, 148, 160 161, 173,
174, 176, 183, 197, 201203, 206.
231233
14, 21, 24,
26, 30, 39, 42, 56, 57, 98, 156
157, 207
53, 54, 153, 181
39, 58, 59, 6168, 158
159, 162 172
58, 59, 158160, 162
103, 211
63
39, 58, 59, 6168, 159,
162 173
58, 59, 158160, 162
(.
)
102.
103, 210, 212
12, 36, 40. 73, 119, 120,
123. 179 181, 222
45, 54, 55, 77, 9092, 101
137, 141, 154 156. 184. 191
200202, 209, 231
39, 68, 169, 172

24, 27, 30, 41, 84, 85, 195


197
85, 197
39, 65, 169, 170
141, 234
39, 67, 169, 171
10, 28, 3840, 52, 72,
80, 119, 120, 123, 146148,
150 153, 156, 169, 171173, 176,
179, 180, 182, 192, 193, 221, 222
38, 49, 5255, 72, 77, 81, 93,
97, 112, 146, 150, 152, 154 156.
179, 180, 203, 206, 217
52, 148, 149, 152, 221
{ 16, 70, 71, 74, 80, 176, 177,
182, 190, 191
60, 98, 160
75, 76, 182, 183
10, 3840, 52, 72, 73,
80, 119, 120, 123, 145 147.
151, 152, 157, 172, 173, 179, 180,
182, 184, 192, 193
11, 16, 17, 24, 3840, 49,
5256, 6065, 6873, 93, 94,
112,
145, 146, 150 152, 154
157, 159 174, 179, 203, 217
19, 26, 30, 43, 44,
119, 131, 221, 222
27, 134
135, 229
24, 25, 27,
30, 41, 8690, 97, 198, 199, 201,
205

(
) 102, 103, 211, 212
70, 79, 80, 93, 94, 189, 203
60, 161
131, 227
() 16, 21, 42, 69,
75, 99, 101, 173, 181, 182, 206
209
() 40, 103, 135, 147,
152, 160, 173, 176, 177, 192, 193.
211, 229, 230

36, 60, 160, 161. 166


103, 211
80, 190. 191
60, 161
63
57, 157
5052, 54, 55, 58, 59, 92,
145, 147, 149, 153, 158 160, 162.
173, 174, 193, 203
16, 17, 27, 38, 39, 4954,
5659, 6169, 145 151, 153,
154, 156, /59, 162 166, 168 173
() 13,
14, 19, 21, 24, 26, 30, 42, 43, 76,
99, 100, 102, 105, 113, 183, 211.
212, 214, 217219
55, 154, 156
63
6365, 166, 167
27, 30, 41,
90, 91, 199201
passim, 60, 76. 145
147, 150, 155, 156, 161, 175, 181.
183, 187, 188, 190, 222. 234. 239241
81, 192
27. 30, 39. 57
58, 158, 159
60, 160
41. 87, 198
60, 160

39, 6068, 160172


64, 166
49, 54, 92. 147, 153, 193.
203
134, 228
60, 63, 166
39, 56, 156
157
24, 101, 108. 210, 214
53, 152
39, 67, 169, 171
40, 79, 188
26, 86, /97
14, 26, 28, 30,
42, 43, 98, 109, 110, 112118.
183, 206, 214, 215, 217, 219, 220
39. 56. 57.
156
24, 85, 196, 210
60. 161
60, 161
39, 67, 68, 169, 172
10, 3840, 52, 72, 80,
119, 120, 123, 146, 147, 151, 152,
156, 172, 173, 179, 182. 193
53, 55, 72, 93, 112, 154. 156.
179. 203, 217

SUMMARY

The book contains the first complete Russian translation


of Chandogya Upanisad made on the basis of the text fourid in
The Principal Upanishads edited by S. Radhakrishnan. In
the translation and the commentary the interpretations of sot
me other editors and translators of the text are taken into ac
count (see bibliography). The publication opens with a fore
word devoted to certain problems of the study of the monu
ment, such as Chandogyas place among other Vedic texts, so
me aspects of Chandogyas doctrine, its language and style,
a short history of its study. The author points out some regula
rities in the relations between certain features of the composi
tion of the text and the form of its presentation (a conversati
on of several persons or an impersonal narration). Some pecu
liar features of Chandogya treated by the author in detail in
special papers are specified here, such as a tendency to des
cribe the world through a set of isomorphic groups whose ele
ments enter into one-to-one correspondences with each other,
a peculiar to the early Upanisads correlation between the in
formation on myth and that on ritual (e. g. the predominance
of the introvert ritual over the extravert one), the way of dis
tinguishing the vam as in different types of texts etc. The com
mentary explains a number of rcalia occurring in the text and
specifies passages that cause disagreements among scholars.
The translator refers also to the traditional Ind'ian interpreta
tions, first of all to that of Sankara. The book is closed with
the selected bibliography, the index of names and the list of
abbreviations.

. . . . . .
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s u m m a r y ..............................................................................................................249

21

4 .

brahmflnda

brahmflQda

21

7 .

guna

gu

28

17 .

bhadra'

bhadrak$a

32

14 .

. .

. .

51

10 .

125

11 .

[]

[],

127

10 .

146

2 .

he

173

5 .

207

7 .

VI. 49

V. 49

240

4 .

erlauetet

erlautert

245

3 .

246

1 .
16 .
1 .
4 .

69

69

45

45

246

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