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8

POST BIOS

...
POST
Award BIOS Medallion V 6.0
POST AMI BIOS 8 V1.4
POST
Phoenix BIOS V 4.0.6
POST Award BIOS V 4.51PG
POST AMI BIOS 8 V 1.0
POST Phoenix BIOS V 4.0

, POST BIOS,

. , ,
,
.
BIOS
, ,
Web

.

POST Award
BIOS Medallion V 6.0
. 8.1 POST
Award BIOS Medallion V 6.0

. 1999

, , , ,

(Early),

(Late) (System). Award BIOS Medallion


, .

271

8.1. POST- Award BIOS Medallion V 6.0

POST- (hex)
POST Flash BIOS
CF

. CMOS.
/ CMOS.
CMOS ,
POST

C0

.
, L2.
L1.
.
: IRQ, Master Controller IRQ
00h=INT 8...IRQ 7=INT 0Fh, Slave Controller IRQ 8=INT 70h...IRQ 15=INT 77h.
.
: Counter 0 65 536 (18,2
) IRQ 0 . Counter 1
DRAM (128 2
15 ). Counter
2 .
RTC ,
. Vcc (bat) ,
, RTC ,

C1

, , ECC . 256 .
, Flash BIOS
Boot Block

0C

BIOS BBSS. ,
Flash BIOS.
, BIOS

C3

BIOS ,
BIOS. BIOS

C5

POST E000h-F000h .
Boot Block.
POST .
BIOS.
BIOS , ,
BIOS

POST (Shadow RAM)


01

1000:0000h BIOS
XGROUP, ,
, ,

03

Super I/O,
CFh C0h

05

.
CMOS,

07

(
8042 8742). Super I/O
. , .

8. POST BIOS

271

. 8.1

POST- (hex)
- 8742
, ,
BIOS, . Setup BIOS
POST
08

PS/2.
(PS/2 AT/DIN).
.

0A

PS/2- .
, PS/2-
,

0E

F000h .
DMI ESCD. ,
EFh 0080h

EF

F000h ,
POST

10

Flash BIOS.
BIOS ,
Read Intelligent Identifier.
ESCD DMI,
,
Plug and Play DMI.
BIOS, ,
Run-time area (F000h).

12

CMOS. RTC .
CMOS
. ,

14

.
, .
, MODBIN.
PCI

16

18

: , ,
, L1 L2, SMI.
CPUID (
).
, .
128- ,

EAX+EBX+ECX+EDX.
AL

1B

( 1 024 , 256
). 32 (INT 00hINT 1Fh), BIOS.
, Y2K

1C

CMOS
.
,

272

III.

273

. 8.1

POST- (hex)
- 8742
, ,
BIOS, . Setup BIOS
POST
1D


Power Management

1F

XGROUP .
,
<Fn>

21

Hardware Power Management .


,
,
,

23

.
40 80,
-.
.
BIOS,
Plug and Play, PCI

24

Intel P6 P7
,
.
,
, .
.
CPUID
(Type), (Family), (Model)
(Stepping).
, BIOS,
2 048 , SM RAM.
.
Intel .
.
Plug and Play. ,
Plug and Play,
CMOS, BIOS,
, , ESCD.
ESCD POST

25

PCI. .
.
, BIOS
C000:0h ( CS: IP)

26

, Vendor Identification.
.
DIMM PCI.
,

8. POST BIOS

273

. 8.1

POST- (hex)
- 8742
, ,
BIOS, . Setup BIOS
POST
27

INT 09h.
( ,
).
BIOS 16-

29

MTRR 6,
APIC Pentium.
(, IDE)
CMOS.
.
BIOS

2D

.
( Award,
)

33

Super I/O

3E

1 (
8259)

40

2 (
8259)

43

( 8259)

49

64 .
, AMD

4E

MTRR Syrix.
L2 P6, APIC P6

50

USB

52

55

57

Plug and Play.


Plug and Play

59


Trend Anti-Virus

5B

-
BIOS AWDFLASH.EXE

5D

Super I/O

60

, Setup.
POST

65

PS/2

67

,
: INT 15h ( AX=E820h)

274

III.

275

. 8.1

POST- (hex)
- 8742
, ,
BIOS, . Setup BIOS
POST
69

L2

6B

,
Setup

6D

Plug and Play.


COM-
, Setup AUTO

6F

-.
-

73

BIOS AWDFLASH.EXE,
- <Alt+F2>

75

IDE-: , LS-120, ZIP,


CD-R/RW, DVD ..

77

7A

7F

.
EPA .
, ,
.
<F1>, POST
.
EPA

.
,
, ,
82


.
ESCD ,
.
EPA .
, CMOS

83

CMOS

84

Initializing Plug and Play Cards...


Plug and Play

85

USB.
SCSI

87

.
SYSID DNI System
Management BIOS.
UUID (Universal
Unique ID), Fire Wire IEEE 1394

8. POST BIOS

275

. 8.1

POST- (hex)
.
,
, ,
89

Setup ACPI,
4

8B

PCI BIOS,
AOL (Alert On LAN). AOL

8D


NMI.

8F

PS/2 IRQ 12.


IRQ 11,

91

Power
Management. (Suspend to RAM)
.
BIOS,
, BIOS

93

94

Setup , L2.
Boot Up Speed.
.
BIOS,
.
AMD K6.
Intel P6.
Remote Pre Boot

95

/ Daylight Saving.

.
KBD ID.
101- NumLock
CMOS

96

.
,
,
.
Cyrix.
ESCD
Power Management Plug and Play ATAPI.
CMOS Y2K.
DOS Time RTC
CMOS. ::
( )
18,2 BIOS DOS Time.

276

III.

277

. 8.1

POST- (hex)
.
,
, ,

Trend Anti-Virus
Paragon Anti-Virus Protection.
L1.
POST.
MSIRQ.

FF

- BOOT.
BIOS INT 19h.
( BIOS Features
Set Up Setup)
. : 0, : 0, :
1 07C0:0000h, FAR JMP

,
.

ECC (Error Correcting Code) ,


. ECC
. ,
, ,
.
BBSS (Boot Block Specification Signature) .
SMI (System Management Interrupt) , ,
.
.
Y2K ,
, ,
2000 .
DMI (Desktop Management Interface) ,
.
MTRR (Memory Type Range Registers) P6 P7,
, .
APIC (Advanced Programmable Interruption Controller)
, . P6
.
MSIRQ (Microsoft IRQ Routing
Microsoft.

Map)

SM RAM (System Management RAM)


, , Pentium Pro
, .

, POST BIOS Medallion , . 8.2.

8. POST BIOS

277

8.2. POST- Award BIOS V 6.0 Medallion

POST- (hex)

(System Events codes)


B0

Protected Mode

B1

NMI

B2

NMI

, APM ACPI (Power Management


Debug codes)
55

+12

66

D0

D1

D2

ACPI

D3

SMI

D7

APM

D8

APM

D9

(System Error codes)


EC

ECC

ED

EF

F000h

POST Award BIOS


Quick Power On Self Test,
Setup. Award Software, ,
, .

POST AMI BIOS 8 V1.4



POST AMI BIOS

POST Diagnostic Card, , 


AMI BIOS  Checkpoint Display.
,

POST (. 8.1).
.


POST

DIM (Device Initialization Manager).

278

III.

279

BIOS ,

. POST,
.

. 8.1.
AMI BIOS
2Ah

.
38h

IPL.
39h

.
95h

, BIOS.
DEh .
DFh .
, DIM, 80h
.
, , ,

POST
. .
, .
.
[0000]

.
[0001]

.
[0010]

.
[0011]

.
[0100]

(IPL) .
[0101]

.
[0110]

.
[0111]

, BIOS ( ).
[1000]

BIOS, BIOS Boot


Specification ( ).
.
[0000]

(DIM).
[0001]

.
[0010]

ISA.
[0011]

EISA.

8. POST BIOS

279

[0100]

ISA Plug and Play.


[0101]

PCI.
[0110]

PCMCIA.
[0111]

MCA.
, ,

DEh, DFh

, .
00

.
01

DIMM .
02

SPD (Serial Presence Detect) DIMM .


03

DIMM .
04

DIMM .
05

ACPI
, ACPI
,
ACPI Runtime Checkpoints. , . 8.3, ,
.
8.3. ACPI

(hex)
AC

ACPI
,
ACPI

AA

C2, APIC

01, 02, 03, 04, 05

( ) S1, S2, S3, S4 S5

10, 20, 30, 40, 50

S1, S2, S3, S4 S5


DIMM
, ,

BIOS Bootblock Initialization.


. 8.4 , BIOS

.
8.4.

(hex)

D1

.
Super I/O, CMOS, .
NMI

D1

BAT- .
CPUID CMOS

280

III.

281

. 8.4

(hex)

D0

,
4 , GA20 (Gate A20).

D2

D3

, DRAM ,
Bootblock.

D4

512 , 8 ,

D5

Bootblock Flash BIOS .


BIOS

D6

OEM
Flash BIOS.
BIOS. BIOS,
E0h

D7

CPUID .
Bootblock Runtime

D8

Runtime .
CPUID

D9

BIOS .
BIOS
1 (E000h-F000h)

DA

CPUID .
POST (Execute POST Kernel)

AMI BIOS ,

, BIOS.
BIOS

BIOS Recovery.
.

Bootblock Recovery Code Checkpoints.


BIOS

. ,
BIOS.

Flash BIOS.
. 8.5 ,

.
8.5.

(hex)
E0


Super I/O -.
.
. L1

8. POST BIOS

281

. 8.5

(hex)

E9

- .
-

EA

ATAPI.
ATAPI CD-ROM

EB

ATAPI ,
E9h

EF

, EBh

F0

F1

F2

FAT ,

F3

F5

L1

FA


Flash BIOS

FB

OEM Flash BIOS.


Flash BIOS . ,

F4

FC

Flash BIOS

FD

Flash BIOS

FF

Flash BIOS .
Flash ROM.
ATAPI.
CPUID.
Flash BIOS F000h F000:FFF0h

POST AMI BIOS 8 V 1.4


. 8.6 POST
AMI BIOS 8 V 1.4.
8.6. POST- AMI BIOS 8 V 1.4

(hex)
03


: , NMI,
.
BIOS POST

04

282


CMOS.
,
.
.
Setup,
( 8259)

III.

283

. 8.6

(hex)

05

IRQ
,

06

/ ,
POST INT 1Ch.
IRQ 0

08

.
BAT- ,

C0

.
,
APIC

C1

C2

POST

C5

C6

C7

0A

( 8742)

0B

PS/2

0C

0E

.
.
INT 09h. IRQ 1.
, BIOS
Silent

13

24

BIOS-

30

SMI (System Management Interrupt)

2A

DIM
(Device Initialization Manager)

2C

.
,
BIOS

2E

31

ADM .
ADM .
.
ADM

33

37

, ,
OEM
()

8. POST BIOS

283

. 8.6

(hex)

38

DIM

39

3A

/ RTC

3B

, .
<Del> <Esc>,
.

3C

40


, .
BDA, EBDA ..

50

,
,

52

CMOS .
EBDA

60

<Num Lock>

75

INT 13h IPL

78

BIOS IPL BIOS

7A

BIOS

7C

ESCD

84

, POST

85

87

Setup BIOS,

8C

8D

ACPI, ACPI

8E

.
NMI ( )

90

POST SMI

A0

( )

A1

A2

BIOS,
.
F000h 0FFh.
Microsoft IRQ Routing Table.
.
( )

A4

284

III.

285

. 8.6

(hex)

A7

,
MTRR
A8

MTRR,

A9

(
)
POST INT 1Ch, INT 09h.

AA

ADM
AB

BBS INT 19h

AC

B1

ACPI

00

INT 19h
.

BAT (Basic Assurance Test) , 600 900 .


.
ADM (Administration Module) .

POST Phoenix BIOS V 4.0.6


POST Phoenix BIOS
POST
Phoenix BIOS
, . ,
( . 8.7

2Ch 2Eh)

, ,
.
, POST,

.
POST
.
. , ,
,
2Eh=00 10 11 10 (. . 8.7), 1
3
4
3.
. 8.7 POST
Phoenix BIOS V 4.0.6.
8.7. POST- Phoenix BIOS V 4.0.6

POST-
(hex)/Code Beep

02

03

NMI

04

06

8. POST BIOS

285

. 8.7

POST-
(hex)/Code Beep

07

BIOS

08

09

IN POST

0A

0B

0C

0E

0F

IDE

10

(Power Management)

11

POST

12

13

PCI BUS Mastering

14

16/1-2-2-3

Flash BIOS ( ,
)

17

18

( 8254)

1A

( 8237)

1C

20/1-3-1-1

DRAM ( ,
)

22/1-3-1-3

( 8742) (
, )

24

ES 4

28

29

(POST Memory Manager)

2A

512

2C/1-3-4-1

512 .
() ,
.
, , , 2C 1020
0001 0000 0010 0000, ..

2E/1-3-4-3

512 .
() ,

2F

BIOS.

30/1-4-1-1

512

32

33

Phoenix Dispatch Manager

36

286

III.

287

. 8.7

POST-
(hex)/Code Beep

38

BIOS

3A

3C

3D

POST

41

ROM Pilot

42

45

Plug and Play

46/2-1-2-3

( ,
)

47

I20

48

CMOS

49

PCI

4A

4B

QuietBoot ()

4C

BIOS

4E

BIOS

4F

MultiBoot

50

51

EISA

52

54

( )

55

USB

58/2-2-3-1

( )

59

POST

5A

Press F2 to enter SETUP

5B

5C

512 640

60

62

64

(UserPatch 1)

66

67

APIC

68

69

SMM (System Management Mode)

6A

L2

6B

()

6C

6E


UMB (Upper Memory Block)

70

8. POST BIOS

287

. 8.7

POST-
(hex)/Code Beep

72

76

7C

7D

Intelligent System Monitoring

7E

80

Super I/O IRQ

81

82

83

IDE-

84

85

Plug and Play IBM PC

86

87

MCD (Motherboard Configurable Device) ()

88

BIOS

89

NMI

8A

BIOS

8B

PS/2

8C

8F

()

90

91

92

(UserPatch 2)

93

MPTABLE

95

CD-ROM

96

ES

97

98/1-2

BIOS. ,

99

SMART- ()

9A

BIOS

9C

(Power Management)

9D


()

9E

9F

ATA- SCSI-

A0

RTC

A2

A4

A8

<F2>

288

III.

289

. 8.7

POST-
(hex)/Code Beep

AA

<F2>

AC

Setup

AE

Boot

B0

B1

RomPilot POST

B2

POST ,

B4/1

POST

B5

QuietBoot ()

B6

()

B7

BIOS ACPI

B9

BA

SMBIOS

BB

BIOS Plug and Play

BC

BD

MultiBoot

BE

()

BF

C0

INT 19h

C1

PEM (POST Error Manager)

C2

C3

C4

C5

CMOS Plug and Play ()

C6

note dock ()

C7

note dock

C8


()

C9

()

CA

INT 15h

CB

INT 13h,
ROM, RAM, PCMCIA,

CC

INT 10h serial video ( SDVS)

CD

- PCMCIA

CE

8. POST BIOS

289

. 8.7

POST-
(hex)/Code Beep


D0

(Exception Error)

D2

D4

D6

D7

Video RAM

D8

DA

DC

DD

DE

DF

Gate A20

Flash BIOS
E0

E1

E2

E3

E4

E5

E6

BIOS

E7

BIOS

E8

Huge Segment

E9

Multi Processor

EA

(OEM code)

EB

EC

ED

EE

BIOS

EF

F0

F1

Run Time Clock

F2

F3

SMM

F4/1

F5

Huge Segment

290

III.

291

. 8.7

POST-
(hex)/Code Beep

F6

Mini DOS

F7

Full DOS
.

I 2 0 (Intellectual Input/Output) ,
,
.
( -)
. BIOS PCI
.
SDVS (Serial Digital Video Service) , SDI
NTSC
(525 , 60 ) 270 /. SDI (Serial Digital Interface)
serial
video ( ). ,
( ) .

Phoenix BIOS
Phoenix QuietBoot
.
,

.
.
<Esc>

POST.
<F2>

Setup POST.
<F1>

.
, BIOS
.
POST ,
POST .
: Press <F1> to resume ( <F1> ), <F2> to Setup
( <F2> Setup).

Phoenix MultiBoot

. ,
CD
ROM.
Setup ( The Setup Boot Menu),
POST

The Boot First Menu, POST


<Esc>. Entering Boot Menu ... (
), POST Boot Menu.
, Setup
<Esc> .

8. POST BIOS

291

POST Award
BIOS V 4.51PG
, POST Award BIOS
, ,
.
. 8.8 Award BIOS V 4.51PG.
8.8. POST Award BIOS V 4.51PG

BIOS ROM checksum error

Flash BIOS

CMOS battery failed

CMOS

CMOS checksum error


Default loaded

CMOS ,

CPU at nnn

Display switch is set incorrectly

() Setup
() .

Disk boot failure, insert system


disk and press ENTER

BIOS .
,
CD-ROM

Diskette drives or types


mismatch error run SETUP

- ,
BIOS.
Setup

Display type has changed since


last boot
.
Setup
EISA configuration checksum
error (is not complete) please
run EISA configuration utility


EISA.
EISA

Error encountered initializing


hard drive

IDE .
,
Setup

Error initializing hard disk


controller

.
, ,
Setup,

Floppy disk CNTRLR error or


no CNTRL present

- .
- , Diskette Drive
Setup NONE

Floppy disk (s) fail

- .
- , Diskette Drive
Setup NONE AUTO

Hard disk initializing please wait


a moment
,
Hard disk install failure

.
, Hard Drive
Setup NONE

Hard disk (s) diagnosis fail

292

III.

293

. 8.8

Keyboard error or no keyboard


present

.

POST

Keyboard is locked out


unlock the key


POST.

Memory test:

Memory test fail

. POST

Memory address error at...

Memory parity error at...

Memory size has changed


since last boot

.
EISA
, ISA
Setup

Memory verify error at...

Offending address not found

I/O
channel check RAM parity error ,
, ,

Offending segment:

I/O
channel check RAM parity error ,
, ,

Override enabled defaults


loaded

,
, CMOS.
BIOS
.

Press a key to reboot

.
, . ,

Press F1 to disable NMI,


F2 to reboot

BIOS
NMI,
<F1>
<F2> NMI

Press TAB to show POST


screen

POST-
Phoenix Technologies Award BIOS
. <Tab>
POST-

8. POST BIOS

293

. 8.8

Press ESC to skip memory test

<Esc>

Primary master hard disk fail

POST IDE

Primary slave hard disk fail

POST IDE

RAM parity error checking


for segment...

Resuming from disk, Press


TAB to show POST screen

Phoenix Technologies
.
,
( save-to-disk). <Tab>

Secondary master hard disk fail POST IDE


Secondary slave hard disk fail

POST IDE

Should be empty but EISA


board found Please run EISA
configuration utility

EISA
, BIOS.

Should have EISA board but


not found Please run EISA
configuration utility

EISA, ,
.

Slot not empty


EISA

System halted, (CTRL-ALTDEL) to reboot

.
<Ctrl+Alt+Del>

Wrong board in slot Please run


EISA configuration utility

EISA ,
,


POST AMI BIOS 8 V 1.0
. 8.9 AMI BIOS 8 V 1.0.
8.9. AMI BIOS 8 V 1.0


Gate20 error

BIOS Gate
A20

Multi-bit ECC error

,
,

Parity error

294

III.

295

. 8.9


Boot failure...

, BIOS
.
,

Invalid boot diskette

, -,

Drive not ready

BIOS ,
. ,

A: drive error

BIOS :
POST, ,

B: drive error

BIOS :
POST, ,

Insert BOOT diskette in A:

BIOS :,

Reboot and select proper boot


device or insert boot media in
selected boot device

BIOS
/

No ROM BASIC

,
BIOS


Primary master hard disk error

POST BIOS ,
IDE/ATAPI,

Primary slave hard disk error

POST BIOS ,
IDE/ATAPI,

Secondary master hard disk


error

POST BIOS ,
IDE/ATAPI,

Secondary slave hard disk error POST BIOS ,


IDE/ATAPI,

Primary master drive ATAPI
incompatible

ATAPI
IDE/ATAPI,
. , BIOS
IDE/ATAPI
POST

Primary slave drive ATAPI


incompatible

ATAPI
IDE/ATAPI, .
, BIOS
IDE/ATAPI POST

8. POST BIOS

295

. 8.9


Secondary master drive
ATAPI incompatible

ATAPI
IDE/ATAPI, .
, BIOS
IDE/ATAPI POST

Secondary slave drive


ATAPI incompatible

ATAPI
IDE/ATAPI, .
, BIOS
IDE/ATAPI POST

S. M. A. R. T. capable but
command failed

BIOS S. M. A. R. T.- ,
.

IDE/ATAPI, ,

S. M. A. R. T. command failed

BIOS S. M. A. R. T.- ,
.

IDE/ATAPI, ,

S. M. A. R. T. status BAD,
backup and replace

S. M. A. R. T.
, ,
.
IDE/ATAPI,
,

S. M. A. R. T. capable and
status BAD

S. M. A. R. T.
, ,
.
IDE/ATAPI,
,


BootSector write!!

BIOS
.
.
, Setup BIOS Virus Detection

Virus: continue (Y/N)

BIOS ,
.
, Setup BIOS
Virus Detection


DMA-2 error

,
,

DMA controller error

,
POST.

Checking NVRAM.. update failed BIOS NVRAM.


, Flash
( ,
Flash PROM EPROM)

296

III.

297

. 8.9


Microcode error

BIOS
(CPU Microcode Update).

Intel P6 , ,

NVRAM checksum bad,


NVRAM cleared

NVRAM
.
, POST
NVRAM

Resource conflict

,
( )

NVRAM ignored

NVRAM, Plug and


Play,
POST

NVRAM bad

NVRAM, Plug and


Play,
POST,

PCI I/O conflict

PCI- BIOS
POST

PCI ROM conflict

PCI- BIOS
POST

PCI IRQ conflict

PCI- BIOS
POST

PCI IRQ routing table error

POST (DIM-)
PCI-, IRQ
. ,
PCI

Timer error

2
( 8254) ,

Interrupt controller-1 error

POST BIOS
,

Interrupt controller-2 error

POST BIOS
,

RTC CMOS RAM


CMOS date/time not set

RTC .
Setup

CMOS battery low

CMOS
. ,
,

CMOS settings wrong

CMOS , Setup

CMOS checksum bad


CMOS. CMOS BIOS
CMOS

8. POST BIOS

297

. 8.9


Keyboard error

Keyboard/interface error

System halted

. .

Gate20 BIOS, 20,


20- ,
1 .
S.M.A.R.T. (Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology) ,

. ,

.
NVRAM (No Volatile RAM) Flash BIOS. RTC
CMOS RAM , .


POST Phoenix BIOS V 4.0
Phoenix BIOS

POST. ,
, Setup.

. . 8.10
( POST
) Phoenix BIOS V 4.0.
8.10. Phoenix BIOS V 4.0

(hex)

0200

Failure fixed disk

.
,
, .
Setup

0210

Stuck key

0211

Keyboard error

0212

Keyboard controller
failed

0213

Keyboard locked
unlock key switch

0220

Monitor type does


,
not match CMOS Setup
run SETUP

298

III.

299

. 8.10

(hex)

0230

Shadow RAM failed 64


at offset: nnnn
. nnnn

0231

System RAM failed


at offset: nnnn

0232

Extended RAM failed


at offset: nnnn
nnnn

0250

System battery is
dead replace
and run SETUP

CMOS.
Setup

0251

System CMOS
checksum bad
default
configuration used

,
.

, , CMOS.
BIOS CMOS .
, Setup .

0260

System timer error

0270

Real time clock error RTC,


0271

Check date and


time settings

BIOS ,
, RTC.
(1991-2099)

0280

Previous boot
incomplete
default
configuration used

POST
. POST
Setup.
,
.

POST. Setup
,

0281

Memory Size found


by POST differed
from CMOS

, BIOS, ,
CMOS

02B0

Diskette drive A
error

- : , ,
POST :

02B1

Diskette drive B
error

- : , ,
POST :

02B2

Incorrect drive A
type run SETUP

:.
Setup

02B3

Incorrect drive B
type run SETUP

:.
Setup

02D0

System cache
error cache
disabled

- BIOS .
.

02F0

CPU ID:

02F4

EISA CMOS not


writeable

, Server BIOS 2.
EISA CMOS

64
. nnnn

8. POST BIOS

299

. 8.10

(hex)


, Server BIOS 2.

02F5

DMA test failed

02F6

Software NMI failed , Server BIOS 2.


NMI

02F7

Fail-Safe timer NMI


failed

, Server BIOS 2.

Device address
conflict

Allocation error for:


device

ISA EISA
device

CD ROM drive

CD-ROM

Entering SETUP ...

Setup

Failing bits: nnnn

nnnn
, .
.
230, 231 232,
,

Fixed disk n

n (0-3)

Invalid system
configuration data


CMOS/NVRAM

I/O device IRQ


conflict

IRQ

PS/2 mouse boot


summary screen:

PS/2

nnnn kB extended
RAM passed

nnnn

nnnn cache SRAM


passed

nnnn

nnnn kB shadow
RAM passed

nnnn

nnnn kB system
RAM passed

nnnn

One or more I2O block IPL


storage devices were I20
excluded from the
Setup Boot menu
Operating system
not found

:
:. Setup

Parity check 1 nnnn . BIOS


.
, ????.
,

Parity check 2 nnnn . BIOS
.
, ????

300

III.

301

. 8.10

(hex)

Press <F1> to resume,


<F2> to Setup,
. <F1>
<F3> for previous
POST, <F2>, Setup
. <F3>
, .

Press <F2> to enter Setup <F2>
Setup
PS/2 mouse:

PS/2

Run the I2O


configuration utility


(, SAC) I20

System BIOS
shadowed

BIOS

UMB upper limit


segment address:
nnnn

nnnn
,
Upper Memory Blocks.
BIOS

Video BIOS
shadowed

BIOS


1. POST:
) Setup;
) BOOT;
) .
2. POST Award BIOS:
) ;
) ;
) Setup.
3. :
) ;
) ;
) .
4. POST
:
) RTC CMOS RAM;
) ;
) CMOS.

8. POST BIOS

301

5. POST
BIOS :
) AMI BIOS 8 V 4;
) Award BIOS V 6.0;
) Phoenix BIOS V 4.0.6.
6. AMI BIOS
BIOS:
) DIM;
) Bootblock;
) Bootblock Recovery.
7. POST
Phoenix BIOS V 4.0.6 1
3
1
1:
) DRAM 20h;
) 14h;
) 18h.
8.

POST Phoenix BIOS V 4.0.6:


) 1-3-1-1;
) 1;
) 2-2-3-1.
9. Phoenix BIOS
:
) POST Memory Manager;
) QuietBoot;
) MultiBoot.
10. Gate20 Error:
) ;
) -;
) , 20- 20.

302

III.