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3G (UMTS)

_____________________

2008 .


3G (UMTS)

1. UMTS. ..................................................................................................4
1.1. UMTS.............................................................................4
1.2. UMTS. UMTS.................................7
1.3. UMTS...................................................................................11
1.4. UMTS.........................................................14
2. UMTS..........................................................................17
2.1. ............................................................................18
2.2. .........................................................20
2.3. ................................................................22
2.4. FDD TDD............................................................................................24
2.5. .....................................................................................26
2.6. (softer) (soft) ...............................................28
2.7. AMR......................................................................................................................30
2.8. QoS UMTS.....................................................32
2.8.1. (QoS).............................32
2.8.2. QoS UMTS...........................................................................................34
2.8.3. QoS.........................................................................35
2.9. .....................................................................................................................36
3. ...................................................................................................39
3.1. .............................................................................40
3.1.1. .............................................................................41
3.1.2.USIM-........................................................................................................42
3.2. UMTS (UTRAN).................................................................43
3.2.1.Node B - UMTS .................................................................44
3.2.2. RNC ......................................................................46
3.3. (Core Network) ...........................................................................49
3.3.1. /
(MSC/GMSC)..............................................................................50
3.3.2. (MGW)........................................................................................51
3.3.3. (SGW)...........................................................................51
3.3.4. GPRS (SGSN)......................................51
3.3.5. GPRS (GGSN).................................................51
3.3.6. (HLR)...............................................................................52
3.3.7. (HSS)...................................................52
3.3.8. (VLR)..................................................................................53
3.3.9. (AuC).......................................................................53
3.3.10. (EIR)..........................................53
3.3.11. IP- (IMS)............................................................53
4. UMTS............................................................................................57
4.1. .......................................................................................................59
4.2. (VHE).............................................................64
4.3.CAMEL..................................................................................................................65
4.4.MExE.....................................................................................................................67
.................................................................................................................69
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3G (UMTS)

..................................................................................73

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3G (UMTS)

1. UMTS.
UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications Systems)
. 3G :
, 3G ITU
( ).

1.1.

UMTS

3G ITU 15 .
1986 .
,
,
.


FPLMTS (Future Public Land Mobile Telecommunications System).

.
1988 GSM
ETSI ( ).
,
, .
UMTS.
80- 90-
,
. RACE 1, RACE2 ACTS,
FAMOUS, CODIT, ATDMA FRAMES. CODIT
(Code Division Testbed ) ATDMA
(Advanced Time Division Multiple Access
-
).
CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access -
) TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access -
) 3G.
1998 .

UMTS.
3- UMTS ETSI 1993 .
1994 .
.
(Green Paper on Mobile and Personal Communications
) - ,
.
ITU
, 1996 . FPLMTS IMT-2000 (International
Mobile Telecommunications - ).

- 2000 . IMT-2000
.
90- , 3G .
3G
, UMTS .
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3G (UMTS)
UMTS 1996 .
UMTS Forum ( UMTS) -
, .

UMTS .
,

1998 ITU 3G 15
. (
WCDMA ) - .
. ETSI
UTRA (UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access
UMTS) ,
cdma2000 - cdmaOne IS-95,
.
WCDMA

1998 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project -
3- ) IMT-2000.
,
UMTS WCDMA.
3GPP : European Telecommunications
Standards Institute (ETSI), Association of Radio Industries and Businesses/Telecommunication
Technology Committee (ARIB/TTC) (), Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions
( ) Telecommunications Technology Association ( ).
China Communications Standards Association.
3GPP 3rd Generation Partnership Project 2 (3GPP2),
, CDMA2000.

23/12/07


3G (UMTS)

. 1 UMTS
ETSI 28-29 1998 .
UTRA,
:

UTRA GSM
, UTRA
UMTS;

UTRA UMTS
I-2000.

UTRA WCDMA
FDD (Frequency Division Duplex - );

UTRA TD-CDMA
TDD (Time Division Duplex - );

UMTS FDD/TDD,
GSM ;

UTRA
25 , ,
.

UTRA GSM, UMTS


- , TDD
( FDD TDD ).

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3G (UMTS)
2000 ITU
3G
.
ITU
, ,
:

2,048 /
3 / );

384 / ( 3 12 /)
;

144 / ( 12 120 /)
;

64 (144) / .

. 2 3G ITU ( )
3G - WCDMA - 1999 ,
2000-2001 .

1.2.

UMTS. UMTS

,
,
. ,
3G.
UMTS
.

.
UMTS.
, UMTS .

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3G (UMTS)
. .
, -
- , GSM.
UMTS
.

(Release). UMTS
. 3GPP.

3G ITU 2000 ,
UMTS.
2000 ,
, 3GPP Release 99.
, UMTS.
3GPP Release 99 , 3G.
3G,
4, 5, 6, 7 8. UMTS
. , ,
.
Release 99 , (
2000). Release 99,
, ,
.
1. UMTS


(
)

Rel-8

2009

Rel-7

1 - 2005
2 - 2006
3 - 2007

Release 6

Rel-6

2004 - 2005

Phase 2+ Release 5

Release 5

Rel-5

- 2002

Phase 2+ Release 4

Release 4

Rel-4

2001

Phase 2+ Release
1999

Release 1999

R99

2000

Phase 2+ Release
1998

R98

1999

Phase 2+ Release
1997

R97

1998

Phase 2+ Release
1996

R96

1997

Phase 2

Ph2

1995

Phase 1

Ph1

1992

GSM Release

UMTS Release

Phase 2+ Release 8

Release 8

Phase 2+ Release 7

Release 7

Phase 2+ Release 6

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3G (UMTS)
Release 99 ,

UMTS.
3GPP Release 99 UTRA
FDD TDD.
ATM , CAMEL phase 3 (
IN- . 3); ,
; ,
; AMR UMTS/GSM (
. 2).
3GPP Release 4 ( Release 2000) 2001 .
All-IP
(CN, Core Network ) UMTS. All-IP
IP
VoIP (Voice over IP IP). ,
, IP-. Release 4
:

(MGW Media Gateway) , MSC-S



(
, ..),
, .

(MSC-S Mobile Switching Center


Server) (soft-switch)
,

MGW.

(SGW Signaling Gateway)


.


. ,
,
MSC-S, MGW.
, ,
(. . MSC-S MGW
, ).
3GPP Release 5 2002 .
:

High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA -


). UMTS
14,4 / .

IP- ( IP
);

SIP (Session Initiation Protocol ).


,
IP , ,
, (instant messaging), - ;

QoS ( QoS
);

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3G (UMTS)
IMS (IP Multimedia Subsystem IP
) IMS 3GPP,
3G- ,
UMTS.
IMS
UMTS (. 4);

(IM Instant Messaging);

CAMEL Phase 4 IN- ( CAMEL


, . 4).

.
IP , ,

e-mail, .
HSDPA 14 /.
3GPP Release 6, 2004 2005 ,
UMTS,
. :

(MBMS - Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service).


.
UMTS
, ,
.
;

Push to Talk over Cellular (PoC) (presence)


IP
(, , );

Wireless LAN;

(DRM Digital Right Management) -


( , ..)
(, , ) ;

3GPP Release 7 . ,
: IP;
QoS
VoIP; HSPA+ (High Speed Packet Access Evolution)

42 / (downlink) 11 / (uplink). ,
Release 7 SIM , Near
Field Communication .
. 3GPP Release 8
UTRA
3G E-UTRA (Evolved UTRA). Evolved UTRA ,
. ,
Release 8 4G
3G 4G.

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10


3G (UMTS)

. 3 UMTS

1.3.

UMTS.

IMT-2000 UMTS
.
IMT-2000
,
. ,
, ITU
. ,
,
, .. .
. ITU ,
IMT-2000 , ,
.
3-
(UPT - Universal Personal Telecommunication). UPT
,
, ,
.

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11


3G (UMTS)

. 4 IMT-2000
UPT , .. ,
, / . UPT
Internet, /
-, e-mail.

( )
ITU , 3G:

2,048 / - UMTS pico-cell


TDD;

384 / - UMTS micro-cell macro-cell


FDD

144 / UMTS micro-cell macro-cell


FDD;

64 (144) / - .

?
1. TDD
3G. UMTS FDD
HSPA. UMTS FDD
UMTS TDD.
2. UPT ,
3G , .
UMTS FDD
384 / ( 3 12 /) 144 /
( 12 120 /)
3G.

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12


3G (UMTS)
, 3G
.
IMT-2000
.
3G
Internet. Web-
Internet. ( 3G )
Web-,
.
UMTS ,

,

- , ,
, ,
. 3G
, , ,
.
,
,
.
3-
.

/
(FMC), .. /.

, .
FMC :


, UMTS
. , ,
IMS (IP Multimedia Subsytem) UMTS SIP .

.
, .

.
(VHE - Virtual
Home Environment). VHE
( , IP )
. , ,
- ,
, .
VHE : ,

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13


3G (UMTS)
( ); ()
: .
,
UMTS, () .
VHE - , ,
, . VHE
, .
VHE UMTS
( IP SIP), - IN. ,
, ,
.
3G (Virtual Home
Environment, VHE) .

, , ,
.

1.4.

UMTS

3G ,
.
450960 .
: 1885-2025 2110-2200 IMT-2000,
2000 . - (Core Band).
,
, 3G.
, ,
. , 3G
.

. 5 3G
UMTS
:

3G;

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14


3G (UMTS)
,
;

(FDD) (TDD).


FDD TDD .

IMT-2000 : ( FDD) (TDD)


. FDD 5
1920-1980/2110-2170 , TDD 5 19001920 2010-2025 . FDD
. TDD, ,
, .. ,
.
, , ,
, ,
- 850 1900 .

1900

850 ,

,
, ..

.

. 6 3G
1950-1965 , 2015-2020 21402155 UMTS .
15 (35) UMTS FDD.
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15


3G (UMTS)
1950-1965
uplink.

2140-2155
downlink

2015-2020 UMTS TDD

- 1965-1980 , 2020-2025 , 2155-2170

- 1935-1950 , 2010-2015 , 2125-2140

UMTS
, . ,
.
ITU UMTS
.

. ,
, 470 2,9
.

, , .

.
2007
, WCDMA
2,6 .

. , 0,3 3
(1G
2G), (,
). , UMTS
GSM, ,
GSM 900
UMTS.
.
-
WCDMA
900
UMTS .

23/12/07

16


3G (UMTS)

2. UMTS
WCDMA.
WCDMA UMTS.

WCDMA
(DSCDMA), ..

, .

5 .
WCDMA
,
, .
5
, , .

WCDMA :
(FDD) (TDD).
FDD
5 , TDD 5
.

WCDMA GSM.
() GSM WCDMA ,
GSM WCDMA.

WCDMA

DS-CDMA

FDD / TDD

FDD - 1920-1980/2110-2170
TDD - 1900-1920/2010-2025

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17


3G (UMTS)

2.1.


,
- .
(FDMA), (TDMA)
(CDMA), , .
. 7 FDMA - Frequency Division Multiple Access
(NMT, TACS, AMPS)



,
. .
: NMT, AMPS, TACS .
:
,
, ..
. 8 TDMA - Time Division Multiple Access
(GSM, D-AMPS)

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18


3G (UMTS)


, ,
(time slots).
, ,
. TDMA

, ,
,
, , .
, GSM D-AMPS,
AMPS.
. 9 CDMA - Code Division Multiple Access
cdmaOne IS-95, UMTS

()
,

CDMA/WCDMA
. , .
.
, , .. ,
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19


3G (UMTS)
( 3 20
), , , ,
.
CDMA
,
, , ..
, , ,
. . CDMA
.
, .
, ,
.
WCDMA
,
.

2.2.

WCDMA
. - , .
5 . - ,
,
( ,
). - ,
-, , .
.

. 10 WCDMA -
GSM . - , GSM
, .
, GSM, 200 .

WCDMA.

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20


3G (UMTS)
GSM ( , ,
).
WCDMA
.


. , , . .,
.

- .
.

. 11

WCDMA ,
, ,
. ,
,
. ,
, .
, -
.
WCDMA Rake
( ).
(, , ,
)
.
Rake ( ),
,
.
Rake .
, (
), ,

.
.

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21


3G (UMTS)
4
, 3 .
Rake ( )
( , ,
, ) .

.

2.3.

- .
WCDMA ,
.
, WCDMA
, - .
- ,
() ( GSM).
, ().
.
, .
0 1.
2.


1 - 0


1 - 0
2 - 1


1 - 00
2 - 01
3 - 10


1 - 00
2 - 01
3 - 10
4 - 11


1 - 000
2 - 001
3 - 010
4 - 011
5 100

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22


3G (UMTS)

WCDMA .
12. 1 0, 1 -1,
, 1 -1
.

. 12
,
.
, ,
, , ,
.. ,
.
.
.
(RNC).
.
.
( , SF - Spreading
factor), . ,
2 (SF=2), 3
(SF=4) ..
WCDMA
=
(SF).

: 512

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23


3G (UMTS)
WCDMA
, , .
, ,
.
, , ,

. ,
;

.
WCDMA.
- ,
. . WCDMA
. .

. 13 C ,

, ,
.
,
.

WCDMA ,
,
.

2.4.

FDD TDD

IMT-2000 3G
230 -
FDD (Frequency Division Duplex) TDD (Time Division Duplex).
,
. FDD
, TDD,

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24


3G (UMTS)
, - , . . ,
.
FDD .
, . ,
.
TDD
.
TDD
(uplink)
(downlink). 5
, .
.
, / , .
, FDD
( ),
, .. .
TDD.

. 14 FDD TDD
TDD
.
/ 15/1 2/14 .
, 15
, .
,
2/14. 14
. .
UMTS TDD FDD,
.
TDD FDD FDD/TDD.
-, .
FDD/TDD FDD-.
, UMTS (, , -) TDD
TDD .

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25


3G (UMTS)
FDD TDD

.

2.5.

, , WCDMA
.
.

. 15 - ,

MS1 MS2 ,
. , MS1
, MS2,
BTS. MS1 MS2
, MS2 MS1
. , WCDMA
.
.
WCDMA . ,
,
( ). ,
.
, , .
,
.
MS2 .
,
.

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26


3G (UMTS)

/ (SIR - Signal-to-Interference Ratio,
). SIR ,
; ,
.
1500 (1,5 ) , ,
, -
.
,
: -
.
( )
.
, ,
.
CDMA/WCDMA.
,
.

. :

, WCDMA
( )
.

WCDMA
( )
.
, .

, ,
,
(cell breathing).
. (,
) .

: 5 ; 12.2 / ( 50%); 3 /;

23/12/07

27


3G (UMTS)
. 16 ( )

.
,
.

,
.
.

2.6.

(softer) (soft)

,
UMTS
(
).
:
( );
, ,
(
).
GSM, ,
GSM .
( )
. ,

. ,
,
( , ) .
UMTS WCDMA
.
WCDMA - (softer) (soft) -
.
,
.
:
.
, .
Rake,
, ,
, .

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28


3G (UMTS)

. 17


: ,
Rake,
.
.
5 15% .

, .

.
() Rake
.
, .

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29


3G (UMTS)

. 18

: ,
RNC ( Radio Node Contrioller)
.
,
.
20 40% .

, :

Rake .

RNC.

Rake .

WCDMA

,
, ,
WCDMA .
,
;

,
WCDMA GSM.

, , /
WCDMA
. /
GSM.

2.7.

AMR

GSM
13 /, .

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30


3G (UMTS)
13 /. (Full Rate FR GSMFR ).
GSM 90-
.
GSM
,
. (Half Rate HR
GSM-HR ). 5,6 / (
FR) HR 5,6 /
13 /. ,
. HR, ,
, .
,
UMTS
AMR (daptive multi rate ). AMR
UMTS, GSM. AMR
(bitrate) 4,5 12,2 /. ,
. , ,
.
AMR 12,2 /.
AMR , , ,
.

AMR ,
,
.
AMR 3GPP 1998.
3. AMR
AMR
12.20 /
10.20 /
7.95 /
7.40 /
6.70 /
5.90 /
5.15 /
4.75 /
1.80 /

AMR UMTS GSM.


3G AMR-WB (Adaptive Multi Rate Wide
Band ) ,
AMR. .
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31


3G (UMTS)
4. AMR-WB
AMR-WB
23.85 /
23.05 /
19.85 /
18.25 /
15.85 /
14.25 /
12.65 /
8.85/
6.60/

,
. ( ,
) , . UMTS

. , , 3G 2G.
2006 UMTS AMR-WB
T-Mobile () .
, UMTS
GSM,

.

2.8.

QoS UMTS

UMTS ,
,
QoS (Quality of
Service - ). VAS
2,5G. GSM
GPRS/EDGE, GSM
100-200/ . QoS 2,5G .
20-50/ - ,
, ,
.. IP
,
QoS.
2.8.1.

(QoS)

IP -
, QoS.
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32


3G (UMTS)
QoS ,
.
IP- QoS , ,

.
, ,
.
, .
QoS

IP .

. 19 QoS UMTS
IP- .
QoS? QoS ,

. , , ,
.
:

(delay) -
.

, .. ,
(throughput) - ,
. - average rate peak rate

, ,
.
. 1 .
- 1/. 1 ,
- , .
1 , . ,
1, 0,5/,
, 1/.
:

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33


3G (UMTS)
(RTT - Round Trip Time), ..

.

,
(latency).

( )

[service
availability] - -;

24/7

,
QoS
.
.
2.8.2.

QoS UMTS

UMTS
. ,
: , ,
.
. - ,
- , web- -
, - .
,
. ,
, .
QoS,
.
5. QoS UMTS

()

()
;

();


(
WEB )

,
;

.
)

23/12/07

34


3G (UMTS)

web-
,
.


VoIP

,
.

10

2.8.3.

Web-

,
FTP

QoS

QoS e2e (end-to-end),


. QoS
, IP-,
SLA (Service Level Agreement
- ). ,
IP , QoS
,
. 19,
QoS:

QoS UMTS;

QoS;

QoS () IP .

QoS ,
.
,
. (, ),
UTRAN ,
.
. QoS
.
IP ( Gi
GPRS/UMTS).
IP ( IP) QoS
, QoS .
QoS UMTS,
QoS, . QoS
,
.
.

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35


3G (UMTS)

. 20 QoS UMTS
2 , ,
, 20:
(TE)/ (MT), UMTS
, , . ,
/ , ,
. ,
, (, ATM IP).
, UMTS QoS,
RAN (Radio Access Network ) CN (Core network
), WCDMA IP/ATM
.
, ,
, CN
. UMTS
,
. , ,
.

2.9.

(GSM)
UMTS. UMTS GSM


WCDMA.
GSM ( , ,
).

WCDMA ,
, ,
.

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36


3G (UMTS)
,
.
,
.

WCDMA .
,
,
. , CDMA
, .

AMR-WB
,
.

UMTS QoS, GSM.

CDMA cdma2000
WCDMA .

,

WCDMA 14/, cdmaOne 3,1 /

, WCDMA
cdmaOne

WCDMa cdma2000

. 21 . WCDMA

WCDMA ,
, -

23/12/07

37


3G (UMTS)

. 22 . ,
, WCDMA
.
. WCDMA ,

GSM.

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38


3G (UMTS)

3.
UMTS,
. UMTS
, GSM.
UMTS ,
.

CS - ,

PS - ,

. 23 UMTS
:

(UE User equipment)

(RAN Radio Access Network),


, ,

(CN Core Network),


,
.

23/12/07

39


3G (UMTS)

. 24 UMTS/GSM

3.1.

UE :

(ME mobile equipment) ,


Uu

USIM - UMTS (USIM UMTS Subscriber Identity


Module), ,

,
, .

Cu.
(-)
-.
UMTS ,
UE, .
UE ,
( GSM ):

International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI)

Temporary Mobile Subscriber Identity (TMSI)

Packet Temporary Mobile Subscriber Identity (P-TMSI)

Temporary Logical Link Identity (TLLI)

Mobile station ISDN (MSISDN)

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40


3G (UMTS)

International Mobile Station Equipment Identity (IMEI)

UE
. ,
, ( ) UE.
UE ( ,
) . UE
PLMN ,
.
. UE
. UE ,
. UE
, , IMSI, TMSI P-TMSI.
, RAN UEs
, , UEs UEs,
.
UE ,
-
.
3.1.1.
,
UMTS.
UMTS.
-
. UMTS ,
3G 850, 1900 2100 .
2100 .
, ,
.
UMTS ,
GSM , UMTS, UMTS
, . 3G
:

3G;

3G;

: ,
.

UMTS 3G
3,5G .

, e-mail, .
:
-

3G HSPA:
o

- 384/

- 64/

3,5G HSPA:

23/12/07

41

o
o


3G (UMTS)
HSDPA : 1,2/; 1,8/;
3,8/; 7,2/; 10,2/; 14,4/
HSUPA : 0,73/; 1,46/;
2/; 2,93/; 5,76/.


, .
UMTS
GSM. UE
UE.
, , , -
( GSM).
6. GSM UMTS
WCDMA FDD

Power Class 1

2.0 (33 dBm)

Power Class 2

0.5 (27 dBm)

Power Class 3

0.25 (24 dBm)

Power Class 4

0.125 (21 dBm)

GSM 900

Power Class 1

20 (43 dBm) GSM Phase 1

Power Class 2

8 (39 dBm)

Power Class 3

5 (24 dBm)

Power Class 4

2 (21 dBm)

Power Class 4

0.8 (21 dBm)

3.1.2. USIM-
USIM- - .

.
USIM :

Universal SIM (Universal Subscriber Identity Module)

UICC (Universal Integrated Circuit Card).

UICC ,
- .
.
. USIM ,
UICC
.
UICC , Java-.
, UICC,
(Application Toolkit).

USIM .
USIM : ;

23/12/07

42


3G (UMTS)
; ; GSM.
USIM :

USIM;

USIM USIM;

,
,
PKI, );

: , ,
, ,
,
TMSI,
( , ), ,
, , (,
), ,
, GSM;

( , ,
,
, );

(
. .); ( . .);

GSM.

USIM SIM:

128 .

USIM . PKI-
(, ).


( ).


(, ,
. .);

USIM
USIM- (STK). STK
,
() . ,
.
, USIM
Web- . ,
USIM-.

3.2.

UMTS (UTRAN)

RAN UTRAN (UTRAN UMTS Terrestrial RAN)


UMTS CN.
Uu Iu RAN UE CN.
23/12/07

43


3G (UMTS)
- CS ( ) PS ( ) , Iub Iub-CS Iub-PS.
UTRAN PS (Iu-PS)
, UTRAN CS
(Iu-CS) .
- (BC),
("
", ). BC
Iu-BC.
RAN (RNS Radio Node
subsystem). RNS RAN, (RNC Radio Node
Controller) Node B ( B). RNC
Iur. RNC Node B
Iub.
RAN :

Node B 3G,
Uu Iub
. Node B .

(RNC Radio Node Contrioller)


( Node B). RN
( ),
RAN CN.

. 25 UTRAN
3.2.1. Node B - UMTS
Node B
UMTS
. Node B BTS ( ) GSM.
UMTS
. : Iub Uu. Iub
, UMTS; Uu

23/12/07

44


3G (UMTS)
, UMTS.
RNC.
Node B
:

, 384 /
( HSDPA):

Node B HSDPA
,
14,4 /.

. 26 Node ( Nokia UltraSite


WCDMA BTS: Optima Indoor, Optima Compact Outdoor, Supreme Indoor Supreme Outdoor)
Node B :

. , Uu

.
, / .

.
Iub .
AAL2/AAL5.
1, PDH, SDH.

.
, .

23/12/07

45


3G (UMTS)
3.2.2.

RNC

RNC ,
RAN. CN ( MSC SGSN).
BSC ( ) GSM.
RNC Iub Node . RNC

,
(), .
RNC :
1.
(RAN);
,
, .
2. ;

,
, ,
.
3. ;
, UMTS/GSM
UMTS
4. ;

SIR . SIR
UTRAN UE, ,
UE SIR.
5. RAN ;
,
3G 3GPP QoS
QoS ,
6. , ;
,
UE RAN

.
7. ;
/
,
, . -99
3GPP
SMS ( );
8. ;
RNC
RNC BTS,
ATM
9. ;

23/12/07

46


3G (UMTS)
10. ,
.

. 27 RNC ( NokiaSiemens RNC


450)
Iu RAN c CN ,
, , ,
. Iu
Iu CS (Iu ) RAN (CN)
(CS Circuit switching) Iu PS (Iu ) RAN
(PS Packet switching).
Iu, ,
( )
CS PS , .
, .
RNC Iur.
GSM. UMTS
/ .
RNC UTRAN :

RNC (CRNC)
o

RNC Node B RNS.


RNC RNC (CRNC)

23/12/07

47


3G (UMTS)

RNC (SRNC)
o


RNC (SRNC), UE
. SRNC Iu CN

. 28 RNC

RNC
o


, RNC :
RNC (DRNC). DRNC (" ")
SRNC UE. DRNC
SRNC UE .

23/12/07

48


3G (UMTS)

. 29 RNC

3.3.

(Core Network)

(CN) GSM/GPRS.
, ,
, ,
. , UMTS Release 4 5
IP ,
, IMS. RAN ,
GSM.
GSM/GPRS UMTS, ,
2G 3G.
, 2G 3G.

23/12/07

49


3G (UMTS)

. 30 - CN
GSM CS (circuit-switched)
PS (packet-switched). CS MSC, VLR Gateway MSC
(GMSC).PS segment SGSN GGSN IP (,
DNS/ DHCP) .
GSM/GPRS/UMTS
(PLMN),
(PSTN) IP.
EIR, HLR, AuC, Radius
CS PS .
3.3.1. /
(MSC/GMSC)
CS MSC. MSC -
, MS,
, MSC.
MSC , MSC
. ,
MSC , :

MSC/GMSC UMTS .
MSC ,
. MSC
(, , ),
MSC ,

23/12/07

50


3G (UMTS)
. MSC (HLR
VLR) (EIR) MSC .
GMSC
( , ISDN,
).
3.3.2. (MGW)
Release 4 CS, IP, ,
, MSC (MGW Media Gateway),
, MSC
. MGW MSC
,
.
MSC , , :
(Call Control) (Mobility management) MS.
MGW PSTN/PLMN UTRAN CN
Iu. MGW
(, RTP (
) IP-). MGW
, : -,
, -,
.
3.3.3. (SGW)
(SGW)
SS7, Release 4,
IP, . SGW
IP- UMTS.

, MSC-S.
3.3.4. GPRS (SGSN)
SGSN PS .
SGSN
RNC. (MM), MSC
CS , ,
. SGSN ,
( MS/UE SGSN).
3.3.5. GPRS (GGSN)
GGSN PS
IP UMTS IP
. IP-
SGSN, MS/UE. MS
SGSN , GGSN .
GGSN MS/UE
, .

23/12/07

51


3G (UMTS)
3.3.6. (HLR)
(HLR)
Release 4. Release 5 HLR HSS ( - .
), HLR. HLR
,
,
.
(VLR), MS.
HLR , .
HLR :

PS, SGSN GGSN Gr


Gc. ,
PS

CS, MSC/ MSC,


C D. ,
CS GSM/ CS UMTS.

3.3.7. (HSS)
UMTS Release 5 HSS HLR. HSS HLR
HLR
IM IP- (IMS).
HSS PS CS. HSS -
, ,
, /, ,
/
, , /
.
UMTS HSS
, .
HSS :

IM
IMS, (CSCF).
IM CN

HLR, PS

HLR, CS,
CS
GSM/ CS UMTS.

HSS , :

. HSS

.

(..
)

23/12/07

52


3G (UMTS)
3.3.8. (VLR)
,
HLR,
,
(LA), VLR. MS LA
, LA, HLR .
HLR VLR , . VLR
TMSI.
HLR VLR MSC
. VLR MSC, UMTS 4
MSC.
3.3.9.

(AuC)

- ,
( USIM)
HLR VLR ( HLR),
( ) .
3.3.10. (EIR)
EIR - , ,
, MS
IMEI. IMEI ,
MS .
3.3.11. IP- (IMS)

. 31 IP-
IMS UMTS 4 5. IMS
.
GSM, .
IMS PLMN
, ,
. 3GPP IMS,
23/12/07

53


3G (UMTS)
. ,
PLMN (),
IMS. IMS
: ,
, , WEB,
.
IMS.
CSCF (Call Session Control Function - ) - IMS,

. CSCF, :

(Proxy)-CSCF (P-CSCF) - UE
IMS. PCSCF ( IP )

(Interrogating)-CSCF (I-CSCF) -
IMS,
/ , IMS
.

(Serving)-CSCF (S-CSCF)
UE

(MFR - Media Resource Function)


. MRF
, . MRF

Media Resource Function Controller part (MRFC) .

Media Resource Function Processor part (MRFP) .

(MGCF)
ISDN IP IMS
(, ISUP/SIP ( ))
IP- (MGW) -
. MGW
, (,
, -, -)
, IMS,
, - (
, , )
.
IMS ,
.
.
IMS
IP-
.
IMS ,

. IMS ,
.
.
IMS .
.

23/12/07

54


3G (UMTS)
, ,
.
,
.


. ,
,
( ) ,
.


, .
.
: ,
, / (, VPN-
), , ;
, .

IMS .
, IMS
, IMS
, .
,
,
,
. ,
, ,
, ,
.
IMS ,
IMS, IMS, 32.

23/12/07

55


3G (UMTS)
. 32 ,
IMS ,
IMS


. IMS,
IMS, ,
.

, ,
. IMS
, :

,

IP,
, web.
IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS)
IP- . ,
IMS, IP,
, ,
.

23/12/07

56


3G (UMTS)

4. UMTS
3G ,
3G, , .

- (
/ ), - .
.28.

(). 1-

(bearer service). ,
, ,
.
: IP- , , (LAN) .
, .
bearer service, 3G, (
2G) 2/
144 / .

. 33
2- (teleservice), ,
( ,
, ), . . 34
.

23/12/07

57


3G (UMTS)

UE- , MT- , TE - , TAF


. 34 Bearer/ Tele Service

(
, ) ,
. (
).
1- ,
.
, . -
.
2- ,
.
, ,
, (
) .

.
, 2-
. ,

-.
3- ,
( )
,
(, IN UMTS)
.
, CS-,
2- . IP PS- .
3-
/ , , ,
. , ,
..

23/12/07

58


3G (UMTS)

4.1.

( )
3G,
7.


..

TS

TS

TS

, 2

TS

SMS

TS
()

/ 3

BS

CS-

BS

CS-

: TS- Teleservice, BS- Bearer Service


2- , 3G,
8.
8. 2-
.

eMLPP

enhanced
Multi-Level eMLPP
Precedence and Preemption

Call Deflection
Call
CD
Deflect
ion
Number Identification


Calling
Identification
Presentation

Line CLIP

Calling
Line CLIR
Identification Restriction

23/12/07

59

Connected
Identification
Presentation

Line CoLP

Connected
Line CoLR
Identification Restriction
Call Offering


Call
Forwarding CFU
Unconditional

Call
Forwarding
on CFB
Mobile Subscriber Busy

Call Forwarding on No CFNRy


Reply

Call
Forwarding
on CFNRc
Mobile Subscriber Not
Reachable

Call Completion


Call Waiting

CW

Call Hold

HOLD

Multi Party


Multi Party Service

MPTY

Comm. of Interest

Closed User Group

CUG

User-to-User

User-to-user signalling

UUS

Charging

Advice
of
(Information)

Charge AoCI

Advice
of
(Charging)

Charge AoCC

Call Restriction


Barring of All Outgoing BAOC
Calls

23/12/07


3G (UMTS)

60


3G (UMTS)

Barring of Outgoing BOIC


International Calls

Barring of Outgoing BOIC-exHC


International
Calls
except those directed to
the
Home
PLMN
Country

Barring of All Incoming BAIC


Calls

Barring of Incoming BAIC-Roam


Calls when Roaming

Outside
the
Home
.
PLMN Country
Call Transfer


Explicit Call Transfer

Completion of Calls
Busy Subscribers

ECT

to
Completion of calls to CCBS SS
busy subscribers
CCBS
Requests


Name Identification
Calling
Presentation

Name CNAP

Multicall
MC
Unstructured
Supplementary
Service Data

23/12/07

Unstructured
Supplementary Service
USSD
Data

61


3G (UMTS)
, , 3G.
3G,
/ISDN.
man-machine (-), :
3G
, ,
.
. (,
).
, ,
, . , .
3-
3- ,
3G, ,
.
3- ,
3G, ,
( FreePhone, - Pre-paid, - Premium Rate
.).
CAMEL UMTS, .
,
3G
.
/ , 3G,

, :

WEB, ,
.

- , ,
, , .
(E.164).

-
.

- , , .

35 3G
.

23/12/07

62


3G (UMTS)

. 35 3G
UMTS , ,
, , ,
. ,
() ,
. IMS
3- .
,
(UE)
.

, UE " ".
:

" "

" "

( . Content ). ""
-. , ,
-.
, , , , , ,
, .

.
. -

23/12/07

63


3G (UMTS)
. GSM
.
, .
, UMTS, .
, 3 .

.
, .
. () .

,
.
UMTS
,
, .
,
.
.
UMTS/HSDPA . UMTS

.
,
3G IMT-2000
, .

.
, ,
. ,

.
,
.

,
UMTS. , -
.

4.2.

(VHE)

, 3G
GSM .
, .

(VHE). VHE -
UMTS,
, . VHE
1.3 UMTS. , .
VHE 3GPP
,
23/12/07

64


3G (UMTS)
( )
. VHE "
".
VHE - , ,
, . VHE
, .
VHE :


( , ).

-
.
VHE
, , ,
.
VHE
, ,
, , ,
.
VHE (, , )
:

UMTS SIM Application Toolkit (USAT)

Intellegent Network (IN, ) CAMEL -


.

MExE (Mobile Station Application Execution Environment) - ,


.

USAT SAT GSM,


, CAMEL MExE.

4.3.

CAMEL

CAMEL - Customised Applications for Mobile Networks Enhanced Logic (


) IN .
IN - , ,
(Intelligent Network).
" "

.
.
.
. IN.
? , .
, , IN :

,
9.00 18.00;

23/12/07

65


3G (UMTS)
12.00
13.00;

18.00
21.00;

21.00
08.00 .

,
( ).
, . 800 , MVPN ( ) ..

,
,

"" .
CAMEL. CAMEL (CAP, CAMEL-1/2/3 (CAP 1/2/3), CAMEL Phase 1/2/3, Customised
Applications for Mobile Enhanced Logic) -
, .
CAMEL ,
, .
,
. , ,
, (,
123 . 32)
( ). CAMEL
, .

. 36 CAMEL

(CAMEL) .
UMTS (IN) :

( );

( );

() .

23/12/07

66


3G (UMTS)
CAMEL ,
( IN
). IN
. CAMEL ,
.
CAMEL CAP
( ) ( -)
, , CAMEL
.
, , USSD, .
CAMEL , pre-paid
, , .
CAMEL- pre-paid

.
CAMEL, USSD,
, ,
CAMEL.
,
.

4.4.

MExE

MExE (Mobile Execution Environment) VHE


.

. MExE

. Java-
(, ,
Java-).
, Java Virtual Machine,
. ExE 3G Partnership
Project.
MExE ,
/ ( ,
). MExE
, SMS, MMS, . MExE
.
,
. Java
, MExE
.
, MExE - Symbian
Windows Mobile. MExE ,
,
. MExE
.
Java . Java
" , ".
MExE , , ,
.
MExE - .

23/12/07

67


3G (UMTS)
MExE
(CAMEL) .
MExE
.
, MExE
.

23/12/07

68


3G (UMTS)

3G (3 Generation) 3- . ,
IMT-2000.
144 /
( 120 /), 384 /
( 3 /) 2,048 /.
3GPP (3 Generation Partnership Project, 3- ) ,
4 1998 .
3- IMT-2000. ARIB (),
ETSI (), T1P1 (), TTA () TTC ().
3GPP2 (3-rd Generation Partnership Project 2, 3- )
, 3G- cdma2000,
CDMA IS-95.
- ,
SF. ,
.
(ITU, International Telecommunication Union) .
,
,
, .

.
,
,
, .
.
(. scramble )
, ,
.
(Frame) -
, . .
(), ,
/. .
AMR, daptive multi rate ( ) - ,
UMTS, GSM
(bitrate) 4,5 12,2 /.
.
AMR-WB, Adaptive Multi Rate Wide Band ( )
, AMR
6,60 23.85/.
ARIB (Association of Radio Industries and Businesses)
, (MPT) 15 1995 .
, -
RCR BTA. ETSI
ARIB .
CAMEL (Customized Applications Mobile Enhanced Logic)
.
, ,
23/12/07

69


3G (UMTS)
,

.
CDG (CDMA Development Group) CDMA,
90 , .
cdmaOne 3- cdma2000.
Cell breathing ( ) -
CDMA, (
CDMA).
CN, ore Network ( ) 3G
(, , )
.
CTIA (Cellular Telecommunication Industry Association)
, 1984 . 90%
.
CWTS (Chine Wireless Telecommunication Standard Group)
, .
Delay ( ) -

DRM, Digital Right Management ( ) -
( , ..) (,
, )
DS-CDMA (Direct Sequence CDMA)
. CDMA,
. (
BPSK QPSK),
.
DSSS (Direct Sequence Spread Sequence)
. ,

. ,
. n DSSS
.
ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
. ETSI CEPT 14
1988 .
.
FDD (Frequency Division Duplex) - . ,
.
FMC (Fixed/Mobile Convergence) - /.

.
- , ..
(, , IP).
FPLMTS (Future Public Mobile Telecommunications System)

3-
( IMT-2000).

23/12/07

70


3G (UMTS)
Gateway () - - ,
, ,
. , , ,
,
, , ,
IP ().
,
.
IMT-2000 (International Mobile Telecommunications 2000) ,
( FPLMTS).
,
.
IM, Instant Messaging ( )
on-line (
).
IMS (IP Multimedia Subsystem IP ) - ,
IP UMTS.
IMS
UMTS. 3GPP 3G-
ITU (International Telecommunication Union) , .
Macrocell () - ,
1 35 .
MBMS, Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service (
, ) - ,
.
, .
.
Microcell () -
100 1000 , .
, , .
Node B ( B) - UMTS
Picocell () - c ( 100 ).
, ,
.
QoS, Quality of service - .
Rake .

(, , , )
( . rake ).
RAN, Radio Access Network ( ) - 3G
, .
Release UMTS.
RNC, Radio node controller
RTT, Round Trip Time ( ) -
.
SIP, Session Initiation Protocol ( ) -
, IP ,
, , (instant
messaging), (VAS).
23/12/07

71


3G (UMTS)
SIR, Signal-to-Interference Ratio - .
SF, Spreading factor - .
SLA, Service Level Agreement -
.
TDD (Time Division Duplex) .

. TDD - ,
.
TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association) .
Throughput ( ) -
, . , ..
, .
- average rate peak rate.
TTA (Telecommunication Technology Association)
.
TTC (Telecommunication Technology Committee)
.
UE, User equipment -
UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications Systems)
. 3- .
UMTS Forum ( UMTS) - ,
, 3G.
,
.
UPT (Universal Personal Telecommunications) .
,
.
UTRA (UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access) ,
UMTS, SMG2 ETSI.
UTRAN (UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network) ,
UTRA.
UWCC (Universal Wireless Communications Consortium)
, 20 ,
AT&T Wireless, Bell South Cellular, Nokia Ericsson.
WCDMA (wideband code division multiple access) 1.
.
,
. 2. 3- ,
ARIB ().

23/12/07

72


3G (UMTS)


UMTS
1. ETSI :
-
-
-
( )
2. UTRA UMTS:
- , 3G

- UTRA UMTS
- UTRA UMTS,
HSPA
3. 3GPP:
-
3G ITU
- ITU
3- IMT-2000
- UMTS
4. UMTS:
- UMTS
- UMTS
- , 3G: 3GPP Release 3 , 3GPP
Release 4 , 3GPP Release 5 UMTS.
5. UMTS

- , ,


-
, ( ).
6. VHE (Virtual Home Environment) :
-

- VAS 3G
- , ..
7 . UMTS:
-
-
-
-

23/12/07

73


3G (UMTS)
UMTS
1. WCDMA , :
- ,
.
- ,
.
- WCDMA ,
.
2. TDD:
- - (
)
- ,

- ,
UMTS , ..
.
3. WCDMA:
-

- ,
.
- .
4. :
-
-

-
-
5. :
- GSM
- UMTS
- UMTS ( )
- UMTS ( )
6. AMR (daptive multi rate) :
- .
-
- ( ).
7. QoS UMTS :
-
-
-

23/12/07

74


3G (UMTS)
-
-

1. UMTS:
-
-
-
-
2. 3G HSPA
:
- 128 /
- 384/
- 1,2/
3. Node B ( B) :
-
-
-
4. MGW MSC:
- ,

- , 3G
14/
- ,
5. MSC:
-
-
-
6. HSS ( ) :
- HLR
- IP PS
- HLR UMTS
7. IMS UMTS :
-
-
- IP
UMTS
1.

VHE:

- UMTS SIM Application Toolkit (USAT)


23/12/07

75


3G (UMTS)
- Symbian OS.
- MExE - Mobile Station Application Execution Environment
2. VHE :
-
-
- , (, , IP
).
3. , :
- ,
- ,
- .
4. CAMEL UMTS :
- ,
.
- IN 800
UMTS
5. MExE (Mobile Execution Environment) :
- 3G
-
- Java

23/12/07

76