Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 265

2009-2010 Academic Catalog

Effective July 1, 2009

Ashford University
400 North Bluff Blvd.
Clinton, Iowa 52732
Toll-free: (800) 242-4153
Table of Contents
Introduction 1
Statement of Mission��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������1
Statement of Purpose��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������1
History������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������1
Accreditation��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������2
Memberships��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������2
Ownership������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������2
Governance����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������3
Right to Change Requirements����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������3
Title IV Compliance ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������3
Commitment to Diversity ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������3
Statement on Scholarship ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������3
Academic and Professional Standards������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������4
Institutional Outcomes������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������4
Authorization Statements ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������4

Health and Safety 5


Campus Safety and Security��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������5
Campus Security Office����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������5
Security Officer Access on Campus ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������5
University Security Escort Service����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������6
Procedures for Reporting Criminal Actions or Emergencies ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������6
Timely Reports of Specific Crimes or Offenses ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������6
Annual Disclosure of Crime Statistics ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������6
Missing Student Notification��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������8
Campus Personal Safety Tips ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������8
Prevention of Sexual Abuse/Assault��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������8
Additional Sexual Abuse/Assault Information����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������8
Important Telephone Numbers ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������10
Firearms/Explosives ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 11
Drugs and Alcohol���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 11
University Alcohol Use Policies������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 11
Drug Policies������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 11
General State and Federal Laws Regarding Drugs and Alcohol������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 11
University Sanctions Regarding Drugs and Alcohol������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 11
Health Risks of Drugs and Alcohol��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������12
Counseling, Treatment, and Rehabilitation Programs����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������14
Smoking Policy��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������14
Health and Wellness Requirements��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������14
Health Insurance Requirements��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������14
Health and Wellness Referrals����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������15
Medical Care������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������15
Health Alerts, Communicable Disease Control, and Needle Safety Procedures������������������������������������������������������������������������������15
AIDS Policy��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������15
Medical Emergencies ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������16
Fire Regulations��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������16
Severe Weather ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������17

Student Rights & Responsibilities 19


Notice of Nondiscrimination������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������19
Disability Services����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������19
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������19
Electronic Communication��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������21
Name Changes���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 21
Sexual Harassment and Civil Rights Infringements������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 21
Table of Contents
Grievance Procedure for Student Complaints����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������22
Office of the Ombudsman����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������24
Grade Appeals����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������24
Student Rights and Student Conduct Regulations����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������24
Student Freedom������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������25
Statement of Student Rights ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������25
Code of Student Conduct������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 26
On-Campus Student Conduct Disciplinary Processes����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������31
Online Student Conduct Disciplinary Processes������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 33
Graduation/Completion Rates����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������35

Financial Information 37
Tuition and Fees 2009-2010 ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������37
Terms of Payment����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������39
Bankruptcy ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������39
Payment Options������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������39
Financial Aid������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������41
Financial Aid Specific to the Center for External Studies Undergraduate Programs����������������������������������������������������������������������45
Financial Aid Specific to the Center for External Studies Graduate Programs��������������������������������������������������������������������������������46
University Refund and Repayment Policies������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������47
Federal Financial Aid Refunds/Repayments������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������48
Ashford University Alumni Tuition Grant ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������48
Questions About Financial Aid��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������48

Campus Student Life 49


On-Campus Student Services����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������49
Office of Student Success����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������49
Career Development and Activities��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������49
Residence Life ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������50
Children’s Services��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������50
Student Center����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������51
Durgin Educational Center ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������51
Food Service������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������51
University Bookstore������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������52
General Hours of Campus Facilities������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������52
Student Activities������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������52
Athletics��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������54
General Campus Information ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������55
Campus Offices��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������57
Ashford Campus Emergency Phone Numbers/Services������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������57
Help Lines/Hotlines��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������57

Academic Information and Policies – General 59


University Colleges and Program Offerings������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������59
General Education Curriculum��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������60
Competencies (21 credits)����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������61
General Education Subject Areas (25 credits)����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������64
Course Delivery Methods����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������67
Classification of Students ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������68
Major/Minor Overlap Exceptions����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������68
Completion of Additional Majors����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������69
Completion of Additional Baccalaureate Degrees���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������69
Completion of Additional Master’s Degrees������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������69
Sequence of Courses������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������69
Academic Credit������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������69
Grade Point Average������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������69
Grading System and Grade Points����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������69
Other Grading Designations ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������69

ii Ashford University
Table of Contents
Repeated Courses ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������70
Incomplete Grades����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������70
Course Drop�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 71
Withdrawal from the University������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������71
Last Date of Attendance ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������71
Reinstatement Process After Withdrawal (Less Than One Year) ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������71
Readmission Process After Withdrawal (One Year or More)����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������71
Requests for Program Change����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������72
Learning Resources��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������72
Program Completion and Honors����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������72

On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs 75


On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������75
College of Arts and Sciences������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������75
College of Business and Professional Studies����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������76
College of Education������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������76
Academic Calendar: On-Campus Traditional Programs (2009–2010)��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������76
Admission Policies and Procedures ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������77
General Admission Process��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������77
Traditional Undergraduate Program Admission Requirements�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 77
Athletics and Admission������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������79
Technology Requirements����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������79
Declaration of Major and Minor Course of Study���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 80
Transfer Credits��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������80
Academic Policies����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������81
Credit Opportunities—Nontraditional Learning ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������81
Registration��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������83
Course Drop��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������83
Official Program Withdrawal ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������83
Class Load����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������83
Degree-Seeking Student Classifications������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������83
Auditing Courses������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������84
Scholars Institute������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������84
Testing Services��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������84
Veterans��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������84
Grade Reports����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������84
Academic Advisement����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������85
Semester-Based Course Attendance Policy��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������85
Leave of Absence Policy������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������85
Final Examinations��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������85
On-Campus Traditional Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP) Requirements������������������������������������������������������������������������������86
Satisfactory Academic Progress Review and Evaluation����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������86
Academic Standards for Student Athletes����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������87
Graduation Requirements for BA and BS Degrees��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������87
Graduation Requirements for BAS Degrees������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������87
Changes in Degree Requirements����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������88
College of Arts and Sciences: Bachelor of Arts Degree Programs and Requirements��������������������������������������������������������������������������88
Bachelor of Arts in English and Communication����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������88
Bachelor of Arts in Environmental Studies��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������90
Bachelor of Arts in Health Care Administration������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������91
Bachelor of Arts in History��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������92
Bachelor of Arts in Natural Science ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������92
Bachelor of Arts in Psychology��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������94
Bachelor of Arts in Social and Criminal Justice������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������95
Bachelor of Arts in Social Science ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������95
Bachelor of Arts in Sociology����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������98
Bachelor of Arts in Visual Art����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������99
College of Arts and Sciences: Bachelor of Science Degree Programs and Requirements������������������������������������������������������������������100
Bachelor of Science in Biology������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������100

2009-2010 Academic Catalog iii


Table of Contents
Bachelor of Science in Clinical Cytotechnology����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������101
Bachelor of Science in Clinical Laboratory Science����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������102
Bachelor of Science in Computer Science and Mathematics��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������104
Bachelor of Science in Health Science������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������105
Bachelor of Science in Health Science Administration������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������106
Bachelor of Science in Natural Science ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������107
Bachelor of Science in Nuclear Medicine Technology������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 108
College of Arts and Sciences: Bachelor of Applied Science Programs and Requirements ���������������������������������������������������������������� 110
Bachelor of Applied Science in Health Care Administration�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 110
College of Business and Professional Studies: Bachelor of Arts Degree Programs and Requirements���������������������������������������������� 111
Bachelor of Arts in Accounting������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 111
Bachelor of Arts in Professional Accounting �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 112
Undergraduate BA Accounting/Master of Business Administration Track������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 113
Graduate Coursework�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 114
Bachelor of Arts in Business Administration �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 114
Bachelor of Arts in Business Information Systems������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 115
Bachelor of Arts in Computer Graphic Design������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 115
Bachelor of Arts in Public Relations and Marketing���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 117
Bachelor of Arts in Sports and Recreation Management �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 118
College of Business and Professional Studies: Bachelor of Applied Science Degree Programs and Requirements�������������������������� 119
Bachelor of Applied Science in Accounting���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 119
Bachelor of Applied Science in Computer ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������120
Bachelor of Applied Science in Computer Graphic Design ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 120
Bachelor of Applied Science in Management ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 121
College of Education: Program Information���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 122
Practitioner Preparation Program ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������122
Secondary Education Licensure Program�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 123
College of Education: Bachelor of Arts Degree Programs and Requirements������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 125
Bachelor of Arts in Elementary Education������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������125
Bachelor of Arts in Business Education ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������126
Bachelor of Arts in Education��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������127
Bachelor of Arts in Physical Education������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������127
Minors��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������129
Accounting Minor��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������129
Advanced Science Minor ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������129
Art Therapy Minor��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������129
Arts Administration Minor ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������129
Business Administration Minor������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������130
Business Economics Minor������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������130
Chemistry Minor����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������130
Child Learning and Development Minor ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������130
Computer Graphic Design Minor��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������131
Computer Science Minor����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������131
Criminal Justice Minor ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������131
e-Business Minor����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������131
English and Communication Minor ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������132
Entrepreneurship Minor������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������132
Environmental Studies Minor��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������132
Finance Minor��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������132
Health Care Administration Minor������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������132
History Minor ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������133
Human Resources Management Minor������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������133
Information Systems Minor������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������133
International Management Minor��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������133
Liberal Arts Minor��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������133
Marketing Minor����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������133
Mathematics Minor������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������134
Music Minor ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������134
Operations Management Minor������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������134
Organizational Management Minor������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������134

iv Ashford University
Table of Contents
Project Management Minor������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������134
Psychology Minor��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������135
Public Administration Minor ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������135
Social Science Minor����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������135
Sociology Minor����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������135
Sports and Recreation Management Minor������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������135
Visual Art Minor����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������135
Specializations ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������136
Business Economics Specialization ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������136
Corrections Management Specialization ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������136
Entrepreneurship Specialization����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������136
Finance Specialization ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������136
Forensics Specialization ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������136
History Specialization ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������136
Homeland Security Specialization ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������137
Human Resources Management Specialization ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������137
Information Systems Specialization ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������137
International Management Specialization ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������137
Marketing Specialization ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������137
Operations Management Specialization ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������137
Political Science and Government Specialization ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������137
Project Management Specialization ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������137
Public Administration Specialization ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������138
Security Management Specialization ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������138
Sports and Recreation Management Specialization ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������138

Center for External Studies Undergraduate Programs 139


Center for External Studies Undergraduate Programs������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������139
College of Arts and Sciences����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������139
College of Business and Professional Studies��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������140
College of Education����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������140
Academic Policies and Procedures������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������140
Program Enrollment ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������140
Technology Requirements��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������140
Competencies ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������140
System Requirements ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������140
Employment Services��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������140
Academic Advisement��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������140
Degree-Seeking Student Classifications����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������141
Registration������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������141
Schedule Changes, Program Changes, and Course Cancellation��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������141
Auditing of Courses������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������141
Course Drop������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������141
Official Program Withdrawal ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������141
General Transfer Credit Provisions and Limitations����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������141
Nontraditional Credits��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������143
Associate of Arts in Business Program Details������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 144
Academic Calendar������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������144
Admission Requirements for the Associate of Arts Degree ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������144
Provisional Admission Status Requirements����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������145
Full Admission Status Requirements����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������145
Additional Admission Requirements for International Applicants������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������145
Associate of Arts Academic Policies ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������146
Transfer Credit and Nontraditional Credit Provisions and Limitations�����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������146
Associate of Arts Residency Requirements������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������146
Associate of Arts Progression Requirement ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������146
Credit Maximum Policy ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������146
Concurrent Enrollment Policy��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������146
Associate of Arts Online Course Attendance Policy����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������147

2009-2010 Academic Catalog v


Table of Contents
Leave of Absence Policy����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������147
Associate of Arts Satisfactory Academic Progress Policy (SAP)��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������147
Satisfactory Academic Progress Standards������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������147
Satisfactory Academic Progress Review and Evaluation��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������148
Associate of Arts in Business ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������149
Associate of Arts in Business Graduation Requirements �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 150
Bachelor’s Degree Program Details����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������150
Academic Calendar������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������150
Admission Requirements ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������150
Provisional Admission Status Requirements����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������151
Full Admission Status Requirements����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������151
Additional Admission Requirements for International Applicants������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������152
Bachelor’s Program Academic Policies����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������152
Transfer Credit and Nontraditional Credit Provisions and Limitations�����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������152
Residency Requirements in Bachelor’s Programs ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������153
Progression Requirements in the Bachelor’s Programs ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������153
Bachelor’s Program Course Sequencing����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������153
Transfer Concentration Guidelines������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������154
Credit Maximum Policy ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������155
Concurrent Enrollment Policy��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������155
Enrollment Status ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������155
Online Bachelor’s Program Attendance Policy������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������155
ASPIRE Bachelor’s Program Attendance Policy ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������155
Leave of Absence Policy����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������156
Bachelor’s Program Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP) Requirements����������������������������������������������������������������������������������156
Satisfactory Academic Progress Review and Evaluation��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������156
Honor Society��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������157
SMART Track Program Requirements������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������158
Graduation Requirements��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������159
Bachelor’s Degree Programs and Requirements ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������160
Bachelor of Arts in Accounting������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������160
Bachelor of Arts in Business Administration ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������160
Bachelor of Arts in Business Economics����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������161
Bachelor of Arts in Business Information Systems������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������162
Bachelor of Arts in Communication Studies����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������163
Bachelor of Arts in Early Childhood Education����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������164
Bachelor of Arts in Early Childhood Education Administration����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������165
Bachelor of Arts in Health Care Administration����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������166
Bachelor of Arts in Health Care Studies����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������167
Bachelor of Arts in History������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������167
Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Arts ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������168
Bachelor of Arts in Organizational Management ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������169
Bachelor of Arts in Political Science and Government������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������170
Bachelor of Arts in Psychology������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������171
Bachelor of Arts in Public Administration ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������171
Bachelor of Arts in Public Relations and Marketing����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������172
Bachelor of Arts in Social and Criminal Justice����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������173
Bachelor of Arts in Social Science ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������174
Bachelor of Arts in Social Science with a Concentration in Education ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������175
Bachelor of Arts in Sociology��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������177
Bachelor of Arts in Sports and Recreation Management ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������178
Minors��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������179
Accounting Minor��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������179
Business Administration Minor������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������179
Business Economics Minor������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������179
Child Development Minor��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������179
Entrepreneurship Minor������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������179
Finance Minor��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������180
Health Care Administration Minor������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������180
History Minor ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������180

vi Ashford University
Table of Contents
Human Resources Management Minor������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������180
Information Systems Minor ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������180
International Management Minor��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������180
Marketing Minor����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������180
Operations Management Minor������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 181
Organizational Management Minor������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 181
Political Science and Government Minor��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������181
Project Management Minor ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������181
Psychology Minor ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������181
Public Administration Minor ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������181
Social and Criminal Justice Minor ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������182
Sociology Minor����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������182
Sports and Recreation Management Minor������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������182
Specializations ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������182
Business Economics Specialization ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������182
Corrections Management Specialization ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������182
Entrepreneurship Specialization����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������182
Finance Specialization ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������183
Forensics Specialization ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������183
History Specialization ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������183
Homeland Security Specialization ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������183
Human Resources Management Specialization ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������183
Information Systems Specialization ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������183
International Management Specialization ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������183
Marketing Specialization ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������183
Operations Management Specialization ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 184
Political Science and Government Specialization ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 184
Project Management Specialization ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������184
Public Administration Specialization ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������184
Security Management Specialization ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������184
Sports and Recreation Management Specialization ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������184

Center for External Studies Graduate Programs 185


Center for External Studies Graduate Programs����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������185
College of Arts and Sciences����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������185
College of Business and Professional Studies��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������185
College of Education����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������185
Academic Policies and Procedures������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������185
Academic Calendar������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������185
Program Enrollment ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������185
Technology Requirement����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������186
Graduate Studies General Admission Requirements ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������186
Provisional Admission Status Requirements����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������186
Full Admission Status Requirements����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������186
Additional Admission Requirements for International Applicants������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������187
Transfer Credit Policy��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������188
Registration������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������188
Schedule Changes, Program Changes, and Course Cancellation��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������188
Degree-Seeking Student Classifications����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������188
Graduate Program Online Course Attendance Policy��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������189
Graduate Program ASPIRE Course Attendance Policy������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������189
Leave of Absence Policy����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������189
Course Drop������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������190
Official Program Withdrawal ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������190
Repeating Courses��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������190
Graduate Programs Credit Maximum Policy ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������190
Concurrent Course (Double Up) Registration Policy��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������190
Auditing of Courses������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������190
Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP) Policy ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������190

2009-2010 Academic Catalog vii


Table of Contents
Satisfactory Academic Progress Review and Evaluation��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������191
SMART Track Program������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������192
Master’s Degree Programs and Requirements������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������192
Master of Arts in Education ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������192
Master of Arts in Health Care Administration��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������194
Master of Arts in Organizational Management ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 194
Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 196
Master of Business Administration������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������196
Master of Public Administration����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������198

Course Descriptions 199


ACC Accounting����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������200
ANT Anthropology������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������201
ART Art ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������201
BIO Biology����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������203
BUS Business��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������204
CGD Computer Graphic Design����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������210
CHE Chemistry������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 211
COM Communications������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������212
CRJ Criminal Justice���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������212
DRA Drama ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������214
ECE Early Childhood Education ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������214
ECO Economics����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������215
EDU Education������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������216
EMS Education Middle School ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������222
ENG English����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������222
ENV Environmental Studies����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������225
ERE Education Reading����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������225
ESE Education Special Ed ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������225
ESL English as a Second Language (ESL)������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������226
EXP Freshman Experience������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������226
HCA Health Care Administration��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������227
HIS History������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������228
INF Information Systems��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������230
JRN Journalism������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������231
LIB Liberal Arts����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������232
MAT Mathematics�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������234
MGT Management������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������235
MKT Marketing ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������236
MHA Master Health Care Administration ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������236
MUS Music������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������236
MUS XXX Applied Music������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������237
NAT Natural Science ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������238
OMM Organizational Management ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������238
PED Physical Education and Health����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������239
PHI Philosophy������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������240
PHY Physical Science��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������241
POL Political Science��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������241
PPA Public Administration������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������242
PSY Psychology����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������243
REL Religious Studies ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������245
SCI Science������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������245
SOC Sociology������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������245
SPA Spanish ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������246
SPE Speech������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������247
SRM Sport and Recreation Management��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������247
SVC Service����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������248
XXX Special Topics����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������248

viii Ashford University


Table of Contents

University Personnel 249


Board of Trustees ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������249
Ashford University Administration������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������250
Faculty��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������250

2009-2010 Academic Catalog ix


Statement of Mission
The mission of Ashford University is to provide
Section One accessible, affordable, innovative, high-quality learning
opportunities and degree programs that meet the diverse
needs of individuals pursuing integrity in their lives,
professions, and communities.

Statement of Purpose
To foster a vigorous, diverse learning environment shaped
by contemporary awareness, intellectual inquiry, and a
shared search for truth in which students gain knowledge
and build skills and values useful in their personal and
career development.
To cultivate student-centered learning at all levels,
supported by technological resources and led by qualified
faculty and staff who are guided by contemporary
scholarship and professional practice.
To promote the development of foundational values
relevant to leadership in the 21st century: self-worth,
creativity, interdependence, service, integrity, and
effectiveness.

Introduction To foster intellectual and personal growth, sensitivity to


diversity and human dignity, effective and responsible
leadership, environmental responsibility, and lifelong
learning.
To provide a traditional liberal arts college experience,
accelerated external-degree programs for adult learners,
and relevant graduate programs.
To place priority upon institutional effectiveness,
excellent value, affordability, responsive student
services, accountable administrative processes,
continuous assessment of student learning, and curricular
improvement to assure quality in a rapidly changing
culture and demonstrate innovative leadership in higher
education.
To maintain operational, financial, and strategic strength
to ensure the future of the University.

History
The University, originally named Mount St. Clare
College, was founded in 1918 by the Sisters of St. Francis,
Clinton, Iowa, as a junior college for women. In 1950, the
College was accredited by the North Central Association
of Colleges and Schools and has since maintained its
accreditation. Its interest in adult learners began in 1962
when an evening program was begun to serve the needs
of students with career and family responsibilities. In
1967, the College became coeducational. Baccalaureate
degree programs began in 1979 and graduate degrees in
2003, coinciding with the name change to The Franciscan
University. In 2005, the University was acquired by
Bridgepoint Education and renamed Ashford University.

1
Introduction
Accreditation • Iowa Network of Women in Higher Education
The Higher Learning Commission of the North (IWHE)
Central Association of Colleges and Schools • Iowa State Education Association
HLC website: www.ncahlc.org • League for Innovation in the Community College
• Marine Corps Academic Explorer (MCAeX)
• NAFSA: Association of International Educators
• National Association of College and University
Business Officers (NACUBO)
• National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics
• National Association of State Directors
of Teacher Education and Certification
(NASDTEC)
• National Association of Student Financial Aid
Memberships Administrators (NASFAA)
• Alpha Sigma Lambda
• National Center for Higher Education
• American Association of Colleges for Teacher Management Systems
Education (AACTE)
• National Institute for Staff & Organizational
• American Association of Collegiate Registrars Development (NISOD)
and Admissions Officers (AACRAO)
• National University Telecommunications
• American Council on Education (ACE) Network
• Association of American Colleges and • Quality Matters Consortium
Universities
• Servicemembers Opportunity College (SOC)
• Association of International Educators
• SOCGUARD
• Association on Higher Education and Disability
• Society for College and University Planning
• Central Association of College and University (SCUP)
Business Officers (CACUBO)
• Society for Human Resource Management
• Commission for Accelerated Programs (CAP) (National and San Diego)
• Council for Adult and Experiential Learning • The College Board
Recognized by the Council for Adult and
Experiential Learning as an Adult Learning • The Council for Adult and Experiential Learning
Focused Institution (CAEL)
• Council for Higher Education Accreditation • The Observatory on Borderless Higher Education
(CHEA) • The Sloan Consortium
• Council of College and Military Educators • Upper Midwest Association of International
(CCME). Educators
• Eduventures
• Illinois Association for College Admission
Ownership
Ashford University is a wholly owned subsidiary of
Counseling
Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
• International Assembly for Collegiate Business
13500 Evening Creek Dr. North, Suite 600
Education (membership only)
San Diego, CA 92128
• International Assembly for Collegiate
Business Education (membership only)
• Iowa Association for College Admission
Counseling
• Iowa Association of Colleges for Teacher
Education

2 Ashford University
Introduction
Governance Statement on Scholarship
The Board of Trustees is responsible for the governance Scholarship at the University refers to the in-depth
of Ashford University. The strategic priorities of the investigation and shared search for knowledge and
Board include mission, organizational structure, academic truth embodied in the University mission statement.
integrity, operational responsibility, and planning. Trustees Faculty and students learn to identify relationships and
meet regularly to ensure accountability of the University to make connections, both within their own academic
to its students and constituencies. The Board of Trustees areas of study as well as across disciplinary lines with
appoints a University President to provide overall other programs. They have the opportunity to work
leadership and to administer the day-to-day operations for collaboratively on scholarly projects within an atmosphere
Ashford University. of the highest academic integrity and to share knowledge
gained with the University community and beyond.
Right to Change Requirements Examples of scholarship at the University include the
The Ashford University Catalog presents the policies following:
and procedures for graduate and undergraduate programs
offered by the University. The University reserves the • Scholarly research in more specialized areas that
right to make alterations to this catalog and the policies is used to enhance regular course offerings or is
and procedures therein as necessitated by changes in presented to the campus and local communities
curriculum, academic policies, procedures, and costs. in open forums, seminars, and other venues;
Notice is not required for a new policy to take effect; • Published works such as papers, articles, essays,
however, Ashford University will make reasonable editorials, book reviews, books, short stories,
attempts to notify students promptly of any policy changes poetry, plays, or music;
through communication methods deemed appropriate by • Performances in the fine arts, both on and off
the University administration. campus such as concerts, recitals, plays, art
exhibits, and computer graphics designs; and
Title IV Compliance • Presentations made at professional conferences,
Ashford University is committed to being in compliance
seminars, meetings, or conventions.
with Title IV of the Higher Education Act and all
implementing and interpretative rules, regulations, In addition to joining in scholarly research, faculty
guidelines, and policies of the United States (U.S.) and students also share certain responsibilities toward
Department of Education. Periodically, rules, regulations, scholarship. These responsibilities include the following:
and guidelines are updated and/or clarified by the • Establishing and cultivating a broad general
U.S. Department of Education. These updates and/ knowledge base across academic programs and
or clarifications may necessitate the need for Ashford acquiring knowledge in one’s own discipline;
University policies and practices not in compliance with
• Accepting responsibility for one’s own learning
Title IV requirements to be subject to immediate change to
and seeking opportunities for scholarly dialogue;
ensure continued compliance.
and
Commitment to Diversity • Making the commitment to pursue learning
Ashford University prepares students to serve populations throughout one’s entire life and to assist others in
with diverse social, ethnic, economic, and educational the pursuit of knowledge.
experiences. Both the academic and training curricula are Above all, the faculty continually strives to convey a
designed to provide an environment in which students can sense of excitement to their students in the shared search
develop the skills and attitudes essential to working with for knowledge and truth.
people from diverse backgrounds.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 3


Introduction
Academic and Professional Standards Authorization Statements
Central to the University’s mission is a commitment to Tennessee Higher Education Commission
high-quality learning opportunities and degree programs Ashford University is authorized by the Tennessee
that are accessible, affordable, and innovative. Seeking to Higher Education Commission. This authorization must
serve diverse needs, the University embraces the liberal be renewed each year and is based on an evaluation by
arts as a perspective for learning in its undergraduate minimum standards concerning quality of education,
programs and offers graduate studies within a framework ethical business practices, health and safety, and fiscal
of professional competence. Through this learning responsibility.
environment, available in classroom and online modalities, Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board
the institution encourages and engages students in the Ashford University is authorized by the Washington
pursuit of intellectual growth, social responsibility, and Higher Education Coordinating Board (HECB) and
lives characterized by service and personal integrity. meets the requirements and minimum educational
standards established for degree-granting institutions
Institutional Outcomes under the Degree-Granting Institutions Act. This
To achieve organizational effectiveness, Ashford authorization is subject to periodic review and
University is committed to developing and improving authorizes Ashford University to advertise and recruit
student learning through continuous assessment of course for the following degree programs: Associate of Arts
objectives, faculty contributions, learning environments, in Business; Bachelor of Arts in Accounting; Bachelor
student performance, and program outcomes. of Arts in Business Administration; Bachelor of Arts
Graduates of Ashford University will be able to: in Communication Studies; Bachelor of Arts in Early
Childhood Education; Bachelor of Arts in Early Childhood
• Demonstrate the ability to read and think
Education Administration; Bachelor of Arts in Health
critically and creatively;
Care Administration; Bachelor of Arts in Organizational
• Demonstrate the ability to communicate Management; Bachelor of Arts in Psychology; Bachelor
effectively in speech and in writing; of Arts in Public Relations and Marketing; Bachelor of
• Demonstrate the ability to communicate Arts in Social and Criminal Justice; Bachelor of Arts in
effectively through the use of technology; Sociology; Bachelor of Arts in Social Science; Bachelor of
Arts in Social Science/Education Concentration; Bachelor
• Demonstrate self-worth and respect the diversity
of Arts in Sports and Recreation Management; Master of
in others;
Business Administration; Master of Arts in Organizational
• Demonstrate an understanding of the Management; and Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning
interdependence of life in all its forms; with Technology. Authorization by the HECB does not
• Demonstrate competence in their major fields carry with it an endorsement by the board of the institution
of study; or its programs. Any person desiring information about
the requirements of the act or the applicability of those
• Share talents and resources in service to others;
requirements to the institution may contact the HECB at
• Demonstrate the ability to draw information P.O. Box 43430, Olympia, WA 98504-3430.
from different fields of study to make informed
decisions; and
• Recognize learning as a life-long endeavor.

4 Ashford University
Campus Safety and Security
It is important for students, as well as other members of
Section Two the campus community, to take responsibility for their
own safety and well-being. The University strongly
encourages students to take steps to ensure the safety and
security of their belongings, themselves, and others.
The University Campus Security Office keeps a daily
crime log that depicts any criminal incidents that occur
on the campus. This information is available for review
by anyone in the University community, with reasonable
notice given. Information in the crime log includes the
following: the nature of the crime, the date and time
the crime occurred, a general location of the crime, and
any known disposition of the complaint. The University
reserves the right to keep the confidentiality of both the
victim and the accused in any of these situations.

Campus Security Office


The University maintains a security team staffed by
student personnel and supervised by a professional
Director of Campus Security. University security officers

Health and
have civil enforcement authority only. They do, however,
work closely with the Clinton Police Department, Clinton
County Sheriff’s Office, and the Iowa Highway Patrol,
if assistance is required. University security officers

Safety have no official arrest powers. City, county, or state


law enforcement officers make all arrests. Student and
staff may contact the appropriate authorities directly, or
University security officers will make contact on behalf
of the University or individuals involved if the officers
consider it necessary or if requested. The University
takes any reported criminal action seriously and responds
to it accordingly; subsequently, the University relies on
law enforcement authorities to assist during criminal
investigations and appropriate emergencies.
Students and staff are made aware of the services offered
by the Campus Security Office through the Ashford
University Catalog and through orientation sessions for
new students, which are held annually. Crime prevention
information is posted on campus bulletin boards and
communicated in campus programming.

Security Officer Access on Campus


Security personnel monitor all campus buildings on
random weekdays during non-business hours and on
evenings during weekends. University security officers
have access to all areas of campus including the residence
halls. The University does, however, respect and seek
to ensure the privacy of students living in residence
halls; therefore, arbitrary room searches are prohibited.
Certain legal rights of room entry are maintained by the
University as a private institution that operates residence
halls. These rights include, with limitation, the right of
staff members to enter a student’s room when deemed
5
Health and Safety
advisable for community or individual welfare, and in Timely Reports of Specific
instances such as medical emergencies, fire, flood, or Crimes or Offenses
wind damage. If an occupant, resident, or guest is present, When a known crime risk might endanger students or
and a room search or cursory inspection is conducted, a employees, the Student Success Office will notify the
written, dated, and signed report will be prepared by a campus community in a timely manner through one or
Student Success professional staff member and placed in more of the following methods, depending upon the nature
the residence hall files within three (3) class days of the of the incident:
occurrence. In the absence of any occupant, and in the
absence of any emergency, a Student Success professional • Immediate notification via telephone to the
staff member will be present when entering a room. If Director and Associate Director of Student
these circumstances should occur, the Student Success Success;
professional staff member will prepare a written, dated, • Immediate notification of student body;
and signed report within one (1) working day of the a. Resident students may be notified via
occurrence. building meetings, flyers, etc.
Under certain conditions requiring a room search, such b. Entire student body may be notified via flyer,
as for stolen property, a dated and signed form must posted information, email, etc.
accompany those conducting the search. The form must
include a description of the items being sought and the • If necessary, notification of the media via written
specifically designated University officials conducting the press release or telephone call.
search. The presence of two University representatives, The Student Success Office or Campus Security Office
one being a Student Success professional staff member, may also find it appropriate to contact local police to
is required. In the event of an emergency such as weather request information about crimes reported to them that
conditions, fire, or drills of same, rooms will be checked would qualify under the Cleary Act.
for occupancy. Customary landlord rights of inspection
and maintenance by University personnel also apply. Annual Disclosure of Crime Statistics
The Student Right-to-Know and Campus Security Act
University Security Escort Service (Public Law 101-542) was signed into law on November
University security officers are available to provide 8, 1990. The Act requires all institutions of higher
assistance and to accompany visitors and campus education to collect and maintain statistics concerning
community members who wish to be escorted on specific crimes beginning on September 1, 1992, and each
campus after dark. If assistance is desired, please call year thereafter, and to report these statistics annually to
(563) 242-2752. If you are calling from a campus phone, students and employees. Upon request, the information is
first dial “9.” provided to any applicant for enrollment or employment.
Procedures for Reporting Criminal It is Ashford University’s intent to comply fully with the
Act, and the statistical information provided in the tables
Actions or Emergencies below is intended for this purpose.
The University encourages individuals to report any crime
accurately and promptly to a Campus Security Officer. For Ashford University, in complying with this Act, gathers
immediate assistance, you can also contact the Clinton statistics concerning the occurrence on campus, in or on
Police Department if you are the victim of a crime, if you non-campus buildings or property, and on public property
witness a crime, or if you have information that would aid of certain offenses. The statistics are gathered from the
in solving a crime. Director of Student Success, the Campus Security Office,
and the Clinton Police Department. The information is
Ashford University does not have any policies or
recorded in the year in which the crime was reported to a
procedures that allow victims or witnesses to report
University security authority.
crimes on a voluntary, confidential basis. Consequently,
the Clinton County Sheriff’s Office maintains Crime
Stoppers that may be contacted at (563) 242-6595 or
toll free (888) 883-8015. Reward money up to $1,000
could be available when the information provided leads
to the arrest and/or conviction of a criminal offender(s).
Ashford University does not have a policy that encourages
pastoral counselors and professional counselors to inform
the persons they are counseling to report crimes on a
voluntary, confidential basis for inclusion in the annual
disclosure of crime statistics.

6 ASHFORD UNIVERSITY
Health and Safety
On- Residence Non- Public
Crime Data: Office of Campus Safety Year TOTAL
Campus Halls* Campus Property
2006 0 0 0 0 0
Murder/Non-Negligent Manslaughter 2007 0 0 0 0 0
2008 0 0 0 0 0
2006 0 0 0 0 0
Manslaughter 2007 0 0 0 0 0
2008 0 0 0 0 0
2006 5 0 0 0 5
Forcible Sex Offense 2007 2 2 0 0 2
2008 3 3 0 0 3
2006 0 0 0 0 0
Non-forcible Sex Offense 2007 0 0 0 0 0
2008 0 0 0 0 0
2006 0 0 0 0 0
Robbery 2007 0 0 0 0 0
2008 0 0 0 0 0
2006 0 0 0 0 0
Aggravated Assault 2007 0 0 0 0 0
2008 2 2 0 0 2
2006 0 0 0 0 0
Burglary 2007 1 1 0 0 1
2008 11 11 0 0 11
2006 0 0 0 0 0
Motor Vehicle Theft 2007 0 0 0 0 0
2008 0 0 0 0 0
2006 0 0 0 0 0
Arson 2007 0 0 0 0 0
2008 0 0 0 0 0
On- Residence Non- Public
Criminal Arrests Campus Halls* Campus Property
TOTAL
2006 0 0 0 0 0
Liquor Law Violations 2007 0 0 0 0 0
2008 0 0 0 0 0
2006 0 0 0 0 0
Drug Abuse Violations 2007 0 0 0 0 0
2008 0 0 0 0 0
2006 0 0 0 0 0
Weapons Possession 2007 0 0 0 0 0
2008 0 0 0 0 0
On- Residence Non- Public
Judicial/Referrals Campus Halls* Campus Property
TOTAL
2006 12 12 0 0 12
Liquor Law Violations 2007 6 6 0 0 6
2008 47 46 0 0 47
2006 1 1 0 0 1
Drug Abuse Violations 2007 3 0 0 0 3
2008 2 2 0 0 2
2006 0 0 0 0 0
Weapons Possession 2007 0 0 0 0 0
2008 0 0 0 0 0
On- Residence Non- Public
Hate Crime Campus Halls* Campus Property
TOTAL
2006 0 0 0 0 0
2007 0 0 0 0 0
2008 0 0 0 0 0
*Crimes reported in the Residence Halls column are included in the On-Campus column.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 7


Health and Safety

Missing Student Notification • Immediately report all thefts, harassing phone


In accordance with the Higher Education Opportunity calls, personal attacks, threats, or similar
Act, Ashford University has developed a missing student incidents to Campus Security and/or Residence
notification policy for students who reside in on-campus Life staff. Such contact may enable University
housing. personnel to locate the person(s) involved while
they are still on campus.
Each student 18 years of age or older who resides in on-
campus housing has the option to identify and register a • Lock both your room and car doors at all times,
confidential contact with the Office of Student Success. and carry your keys with you. Never lend your
This confidential contact will be notified by the University keys to anyone. Do not leave keys or valuables in
not later than 24 hours after the time that the student is your student mailbox. Keep your campus lockers
determined missing in accordance with the notification secured at all times.
procedures set forth below. • Close all outside doors during locked hours. Do
If the missing student is under 18 years of age and is not prop open locked building doors.
not an emancipated individual, then the University must • Do not carry large amounts of cash. Store all
notify a custodial parent or guardian not later than money and valuables in appropriate places.
24 hours after the time that the student is determined
• Secure your bike with a high-safety lock.
missing in accordance with the notification procedures
set forth below. • Do not let unfamiliar people into campus
buildings or open your room door to individuals
The University Campus Security Office will notify the
unknown to you. Never give your name, address,
local law enforcement agency not later than 24 hours after
or phone number to unknown persons.
the time the student is determined missing.

Notification Procedures
Prevention of Sexual Abuse/Assault
Abusive sexual conduct by anyone is a threat to the entire
It is the obligation of the entire University community to
University community. All students who believe another
immediately report a student who has been missing for 24
individual has personally violated them in a sexual
hours to the Office of Student Success.
manner should immediately report the incident to the
Any official missing person report relating to such student Director and/or Associate Director of Student Success,
must be referred immediately to the Campus Security to University security personnel, and/or to local police.
Office. If, upon investigation of the official report, the Students are strongly encouraged to report all incidents
Campus Security Office determines that the missing that threaten the student’s continued well-being, safety,
student has been missing for more than 24 hours, the or security. University personnel will assist the student
Office will contact the individual’s confidential contact in notifying authorities, if requested. In cases where a
registered with the Office of Student Success, or, if the student believes that a rape or other assault has occurred,
student is under the age of 18, the student’s custodial the University strongly recommends that the crime be
parent or guardian via telephone within 24 hours. reported immediately so that information may be obtained
Regardless of whether the student has identified a contact and evidence preserved, as it may be necessary to
person, is above the age of 18, or is an emancipated minor, prove criminal sexual assault. Confidential counseling
the Office of Campus Security will inform the local law referral information is available through the Student
enforcement agency within 24 hours. Success Office.
The Director of Student Success will review all reported
Campus Personal Safety Tips sex offenses and will assist student victims in identifying
Although the University has a low crime rate, it is both University judicial procedures and legal options. The
essential that every member of the University community University will change a victim’s academic and living
practice personal safety. Some personal safety suggestions environment when requested and if such changes are
include the following: reasonable and viable.
• Walk only in well-lit areas. Do not take shortcuts
through dark or deserted areas. Avoid walking Additional Sexual Abuse/Assault
alone at night. Information
The following additional information is provided to
• Immediately report unfamiliar persons or people
assist individuals in dealing with issues of sexual abuse
who are acting strangely to the Campus Security
and assault.
Office at (563) 242-2752 or to a Residence Life
staff member.

8 ASHFORD UNIVERSITY
Health and Safety
Counseling and Health Resources • Get involved if you believe that someone is at
Victims of sexual abuse should seek help, support, risk. If you see a person in trouble at a party
and counseling. Many support services are available or a friend using force or pressuring another
for assistance to victims. Confidential counseling person, don’t be afraid to intervene. You may
referral information is available through the Student save the person from the trauma of sexual assault
Success Office. and your friend from the ordeal of criminal
prosecution.
Educational Programs • Be especially careful in situations involving
Programs to promote the awareness of rape, acquaintance alcohol or drugs. Alcohol and drugs can interfere
rape, and other forcible and non-forcible sex offenses with your ability to assess situations and to
are sponsored at various times of the year on campus. communicate effectively.
Check the campus planner or the Student Success Office
To protect yourself against rape:
for details.
• Know your sexual intentions and limits. You
Rape Prevention Information have the right to say “No” to any unwanted
Men and women should follow the tips below to protect sexual contact. If you are uncertain about what
themselves against acquaintance rape and stranger rape you want, ask the other person to respect your
on campus. feelings.
Tips to prevent the crime of rape: • Communicate your limits firmly and directly. If
you say “No,” say it like you mean it. Don’t give
• Listen carefully. Take the time to hear what the mixed signals. Back up your words with a firm
other person is saying. If you feel he or she is not tone of voice and clear body language.
being direct or is giving you a “mixed message,”
ask for clarification. • Don’t rely on “ESP” to get your message across.
Don’t assume that your date will automatically
• Don’t fall for the common stereotype that when know how you feel or will eventually “get the
people say “No” they really mean “Yes.” “No” message” without your having to tell him or her.
means “No.” If a person says “No” to sexual
contact, believe him or her and stop. • Remember that some people still think that
drinking heavily, dressing provocatively, or
• Remember that date rape is a crime. It is going to a person’s room automatically indicates
never acceptable to use force or the threat of a willingness to have sex. Be especially careful
force in sexual situations, no matter what the to communicate your limits and intentions
circumstances. clearly in such situations.
• Don’t make assumptions about a person’s • Listen to your gut feelings. If you feel
behavior. Don’t automatically assume that a uncomfortable or think you may be at risk, leave
person wants to have sex with you because he the situation immediately and go to a safe place.
or she drinks heavily, dresses provocatively,
or agrees to go to your room. Don’t assume • Don’t be afraid to make waves if you feel
that just because a person has had sex with you threatened. If you feel you are being pressured
previously, he or she is willing to have sex with or coerced into sexual activity against your will,
you again. Also, don’t assume that just because don’t hesitate to state your feelings and get out
a person consents to kissing or other sexual of the situation; better a few minutes of social
intimacies, he or she is willing to have sexual awkwardness or embarrassment than the trauma
intercourse. of sexual assault.
• Be aware that having sex with someone who • Attend large parties with friends you can trust.
is mentally or physically incapable of giving Agree to “look out” for one another. Try to leave
consent is rape. If you have sex with a person with a group, rather than alone or with someone
who is drugged, intoxicated, passed out, you don’t know very well.
incapable of saying “No,” or unaware of what is Prevention efforts can reduce the risk of rape, but rape is
happening around him or her, you may be guilty an action decided on by the perpetrators. If you are raped,
of rape. seek help at once. We recommend that you have a free
• Be especially careful in group situations. Be and confidential rape examination at a local hospital to
prepared to resist pressure from friends to ensure your health and to preserve evidence if charges are
participate in violent or criminal acts. filed later. Most Iowa hospitals will make specialized rape

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 9


Health and Safety
counselors available to you. They can help you sort out Important Telephone Numbers
your options after the immediate trauma recedes.
We urge you to take two actions: Emergency Numbers:
Emergency (police, fire, and rescue) 911
• Seek counseling and support to help you recover
from what is a traumatic experience. Director of Campus Security (815) 718-5685

• Consider telling school officials or law University Security/Residence Life (563) 242-2752
enforcement officers what happened.
Help Services Numbers and Hotlines:
Sex Offender Registry Clinton YWCA Domestic Violence/Sexual Assault
As of July 1, 2002, Iowa law requires sex offenders to Resource Center
register with the county sheriff when affiliated with higher 317 7th Avenue South, Clinton, IA 52732
education institutions either as full-time or part-time Website: www.ywca.org/clinton
students or when employed or engaged in a vocation on a Crisis Line (800) 381-9319
full- or part-time basis at an institution in a county other
than the county of residence. The person must register Office Phone (Clinton) (563) 242-2118
within five days of becoming a student, being employed, Office Phone (Maquoketa) (563) 652-4162
or engaging in a vocation at the institution. Prior to July Fax: (563) 244-8341
2002, at-risk sex offenders had to register only in their
county of residence. Alcoholics Anonymous/Narcotics Anonymous
521 South 3rd Street, Clinton, IA 52732
In addition, as of October 28, 2002, the U.S. Department
of Education amended the Higher Education Act of Website: www.aaquadcities.com
1965, Campus Sex Crimes Prevention Act requiring Phone (563) 242-8136
institutions to inform members of the campus community Bridgeview Community Mental Health Center
of the means by which they can obtain information about 638 South Bluff, 2nd Floor Bluff Bldg, Clinton, IA 52732
registered sex offenders who may be present on campus.
A list of those persons from Iowa who are determined Website: www.bridgeviewcmhc.com
by the State of Iowa and local officials to be a risk to Phone (563) 243-5633
re-offend (predators) is published and available strictly
Sexual Assault/Battered Women
for your knowledge in the Student Services Office and
(24-Hour Hotline) (563) 243-7867
can be obtained from the Iowa Sex Offender Website at
www.iowasexoffender.com. Illinois registry information Women’s Health Services (563) 243-1413
is available at http://www.isp.state.il.us/sor/. Questions Iowa Suicide Prevention Hotline:
regarding local sex offender registry can be directed to the (For use in Iowa only) (800) 332-4224
Clinton County Sheriff’s Office at (563) 242-9211. Cedar Rapids Area (319) 362-2174
Quad Citians Affirming Diversity (QCAD)
1705 2nd Ave. Rock Island, IL 61201
Website: www.qcaffirmingdiversity.org
Phone (309) 786-2580

For Non-emergency Help:


Student Success Office
(Mon-Fri 8:00 a.m.–4:30 p.m.) (563) 242-4023 ext. 7794
After office hours, please call:
Clinton Police Department (563) 243-1458
Director of Student Success (563) 242-4023 ext. 7382
Director of Campus Security (563) 242-4023 ext. 7868
Associate Director of
Student Services (563) 242-4023 ext. 7789

10 ASHFORD UNIVERSITY
Health and Safety

Firearms/Explosives The federal government passed the Uniform Drinking Age


Shotguns, rifles, handguns, air guns, bow and arrows, Act in 1984, which provided that all states were to raise
ammunition, and other types of potentially dangerous the minimum legal drinking age to 21. All members of the
weapons are not permitted anywhere on campus. All University community who are not of legal drinking age
types of explosives, including fireworks, gasoline, and are expected to follow this guideline.
other combustible materials, are prohibited in all areas of Iowa law relating to the consumption of alcohol is laid
the University. out in Iowa Code § 123. Following is a partial summary
of the regulation:
Drugs and Alcohol • Persons under the legal age (21 years) are
It is the University’s intent to provide a drug-free, prohibited from purchasing or possessing
healthful, safe, and secure academic environment. The alcoholic beverages (§ 123.47).
University shall make a good-faith effort to comply with
the requirements of the Drug-Free Workplace Act and the • It is unlawful to sell, give, or otherwise supply
Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act of 1989. The alcoholic beverages to a minor (§ 123.47 and
following policies and guidelines have been established to 123.47A).
uphold the University’s obligation to its students, faculty, • Those under the legal age may not present false
and surrounding community: evidence or misrepresent their age to a vendor
or licensee for purposes of obtaining alcoholic
University Alcohol Use Policies beverages (§ 123.49(3)).
The University neither condones nor sanctions the use • No person may sell or give alcoholic beverages
of alcohol. All individuals are expected to observe the to an intoxicated person (§ 123.49(1)).
alcoholic beverage laws of the State of Iowa or the state
in which they reside. The University strictly prohibits Anyone under the age of 21 who is caught driving with
the use, consumption, possession, and distribution of a blood alcohol level of 0.02 or more will lose his or her
alcohol by any student, regardless of legal age, within driver’s license or permit for up to 60 days. Temporary
the residence halls, on campus grounds, or at University- driving permits for school, work, or other reason, will not
sponsored activities. be issued during the suspension period. Realize that 0.02
is a very small amount–as little as one beer or drink.
For certain University events or functions, alcohol may be
served only to those persons of legal drinking age. Written University Sanctions
permission from the Campus Director or University
President to serve alcohol and an alcohol permit must be
Regarding Drugs and Alcohol
Any student convicted of any drug-related criminal statute
obtained prior to the function.
must notify the Director of Student Success and the
Campus Financial Aid Office, in writing, no later than 5
Drug Policies days after such conviction, regardless of where the offense
The possession, unlawful use, sale, or distribution of occurred. Under federal law, any student convicted of a
illegal drugs is prohibited on the University campus. drug-related felony offense must be denied all federal Title
Also, drug paraphernalia is not permitted on the IV assistance, including Pell Grants.
University campus.
In addition, Ashford University seeks to uphold University
General State and Federal Laws drug- and alcohol-related policies and laws by disciplinary
action of those members who violate said policies and
Regarding Drugs and Alcohol laws. Such sanctions could lead to a student being
Both state and federal laws prohibit distribution of,
suspended or expelled from the University. Students,
manufacture of, or possession with intent to distribute a
faculty, or employees who violate related laws may also
controlled substance or a counterfeit controlled substance.
be referred to law enforcement for prosecution. As part of
State penalties range from 5 years to life confinement
the disciplinary process, the University may also request
and a fine of $1,000 to $1,000,000 depending upon
that the person complete a rehabilitation program. A
the type and quantity of drug involved. Specific drugs,
criminal conviction is not necessary to find that a student
amounts, and penalties are described in Iowa Code §
has violated the University standards of conduct, and
124. Maximum federal penalties range from 1 year
Ashford University need not, and ordinarily will not, defer
confinement to life imprisonment and a fine of $250,000
its own actions and sanctions pending the outcome of any
to $4,000,000, depending upon the type and quantity of
criminal proceeding.
drug involved.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 11


Health and Safety

Health Risks of Drugs and Alcohol Heroin


The Iowa Drug Rehabilitation Coalition has listed the Heroin abuse is associated with serious health conditions
following health risks associated with the use of the including fatal overdose, spontaneous abortion, collapsed
following illicit drugs and with prolonged alcohol use. veins, and infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS and
hepatitis.
Methamphetamine Mental functioning becomes clouded due to depression of
Methamphetamine releases high levels of the
the central nervous system. Long-term effects of heroin
neurotransmitter dopamine, which stimulates brain cells,
appear after repeated use for some period of time. Chronic
enhancing mood and body movement. It also appears to
users may develop collapsed veins, infection of the heart
have a neurotoxic effect, damaging brain cells that contain
lining and valves, abscesses, cellulitis, and liver disease.
dopamine and serotonin, another neurotransmitter. Over
Pulmonary complications, including various types of
time, methamphetamine appears to cause reduced levels
pneumonia, may result from the poor health condition
of dopamine, which can result in symptoms like those of
of the abuser, as well as from heroin’s depressing effects
Parkinson’s disease, a severe movement disorder. Users
on respiration.
may become addicted quickly and use it with increasing
frequency and in increasing doses.
Marijuana
The central nervous system (CNS) actions that result Recent research findings also indicate that long-term
from taking even small amounts of methamphetamine use of marijuana produces changes in the brain similar
include increased wakefulness, increased physical to those seen after long-term use of other major drugs
activity, decreased appetite, increased respiration, of abuse.
hyperthermia, and euphoria. Other CNS effects include
irritability, insomnia, confusion, tremors, convulsions, Someone who smokes marijuana regularly may have
anxiety, paranoia, and aggressiveness. Hyperthermia and many of the same respiratory problems as tobacco
convulsions can result in death. smokers. These individuals may have daily cough and
phlegm, symptoms of chronic bronchitis, and more
Methamphetamine causes increased heart rate and blood frequent chest colds. Continuing to smoke marijuana can
pressure and can cause irreversible damage to blood lead to abnormal functioning of lung tissue injured or
vessels in the brain, producing strokes. Other effects of destroyed by marijuana smoke.
methamphetamine include respiratory problems, irregular
heartbeat, and extreme anorexia. Its use can result in Ecstasy (MDMA)
cardiovascular collapse and death. MDMA causes injury to the brain, affecting neurons
Cocaine that use the chemical serotonin to communicate with
Cocaine is a strong central nervous system stimulant that other neurons. The serotonin system plays a direct role
interferes with the reabsorption process of dopamine, in regulating mood, aggression, sexual activity, sleep,
a chemical messenger associated with pleasure and and sensitivity to pain. Many of the risks users face with
movement. Dopamine is released as part of the MDMA use are similar to those found with the use of
brain’s reward system and is involved in the high that cocaine and amphetamines:
characterizes cocaine consumption. • Psychological difficulties including confusion,
The physical effects of cocaine use include constricted depression, sleep problems, drug craving, severe
peripheral blood vessels, dilated pupils, and increased anxiety, and paranoia – during and sometimes
temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure. The duration weeks after taking MDMA;
of cocaine’s immediate euphoric effects, which include • Physical symptoms such as muscle tension,
hyper-stimulation, reduced fatigue, and mental clarity, involuntary teeth clenching, nausea, blurred
depends on the route of administration. vision, rapid eye movement, faintness, and chills
High doses of cocaine and/or prolonged use can or sweating;
trigger paranoia. Smoking crack cocaine can produce • Increases in heart rate and blood pressure, a
a particularly aggressive paranoid behavior in users. special risk for people with circulatory or heart
When addicted individuals stop using cocaine, they often disease; and
become depressed, which may lead to further cocaine • Also, there is evidence that people who develop a
use to alleviate depression. Prolonged cocaine snorting rash that looks like acne after using MDMA may
can result in ulceration of the mucous membrane of the be risking severe side effects, including liver
nose and can damage the nasal septum enough to cause damage, if they continue to use the drug.
it to collapse. Cocaine-related deaths are often a result of
cardiac arrest or seizures followed by respiratory arrest.

12 ASHFORD UNIVERSITY
Health and Safety
Rohypnol, GHB, and Ketamine after consuming less alcohol than men do over a shorter
Coma and seizures can occur following abuse of GHB period of time. Because alcohol affects many organs in
and, when combined with methamphetamine, there the body, long-term heavy drinking puts you at risk for
appears to be an increased risk of seizure. Combining use developing serious health problems, some of which are
with other drugs such as alcohol can result in nausea and described below.
difficulty breathing. GHB may also produce withdrawal Alcohol-Related Liver Disease: More than 2 million
effects, including insomnia, anxiety, tremors, and Americans suffer from alcohol-related liver disease. Some
sweating. In October 1996, because of concern about drinkers develop alcoholic hepatitis, or inflammation
Rohypnol, GHB, and other similarly abused sedative- of the liver, as a result of long-term heavy drinking. Its
hypnotics, Congress passed the Drug-Induced Rape symptoms include fever, jaundice (abnormal yellowing
Prevention and Punishment Act of 1996. This legislation of the skin, eyeballs, and urine), and abdominal pain.
increased federal penalties for use of any controlled Alcoholic hepatitis can cause death if drinking continues.
substance to aid in sexual assault. If drinking stops, this condition often is reversible. About
10 to 20 percent of heavy drinkers develop alcoholic
LSD cirrhosis, or scarring of the liver. Alcoholic cirrhosis can
The effects of LSD are unpredictable. They depend on cause death if drinking continues.
the amount taken; the user’s personality, mood, and
Heart Disease: Moderate drinking can have beneficial
expectations; and the surroundings in which the drug is
effects on the heart, especially among those at greatest
used. Usually, the user feels the first effects of the drug
risk for heart attacks, such as men over the age of 45 and
30 to 90 minutes after taking it. The physical effects
women after menopause. But long-term heavy drinking
include dilated pupils, higher body temperature, increased
increases the risk for high blood pressure, heart disease,
heart rate and blood pressure, sweating, loss of appetite,
and some kinds of stroke.
sleeplessness, dry mouth, and tremors.
Cancer: Long-term heavy drinking increases the risk of
LSD is not considered an addictive drug since it does
developing certain forms of cancer, especially cancer of
not produce compulsive drug-seeking behavior as do
the esophagus, mouth, throat, and voice box. Women are
cocaine, amphetamine, heroin, alcohol, and nicotine.
at slightly increased risk of developing breast cancer if
However, like many of the addictive drugs, LSD produces
they drink two or more drinks per day. Drinking may
tolerance, so some users who take the drug repeatedly
also increase the risk for developing cancer of the colon
must take progressively higher doses to achieve the state
and rectum.
of intoxication they had previously achieved. This is an
extremely dangerous practice, given the unpredictability Pancreatitis: The pancreas helps to regulate the body’s
of the drug. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) blood sugar levels by producing insulin. The pancreas
is funding studies that focus on the neurochemical and also has a role in digesting the food we eat. Long-term
behavioral properties of LSD. This research will provide a heavy drinking can lead to pancreatitis, or inflammation
greater understanding of the effects of the drug. of the pancreas. This condition is associated with severe
abdominal pain and weight loss and can be fatal.
Alcohol
If you are like many Americans, you may drink alcohol
occasionally. Or, like others, you may drink moderate
amounts of alcohol on a more regular basis. If you are a
woman or someone over the age of 65, this means that
you have no more than one drink per day; if you are a
man, this means that you have no more than two drinks
per day. Drinking at these levels usually is not associated
with health risks and can help to prevent certain forms of
heart disease.
Some problems can occur after drinking over a relatively
short period of time. But other problems, such as liver
disease, heart disease, certain forms of cancer, and
pancreatitis, often develop more gradually and may
become evident only after long-term heavy drinking.
Women may develop alcohol-related health problems

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 13


Health and Safety

Counseling, Treatment, and Genesis Multiple Addictions Recovery Center (MARC)


Rehabilitation Programs Address: West Central Park at Marquette,
The following national toll-free telephone numbers Davenport, IA 52804
are provided to assist any member of the University Phone: (563) 421-2900
who may require assistance in dealing with a drug or Intake: (563) 421-2901
alcohol problem. Website: http://www.genesishealth.com
• American Council on Alcoholism
(800) 527-5344: Addresses alcoholism as a New Life Outpatient Center Inc.,
treatable disease through public education, Address: Paul Revere Square, Suite 2000 North,
information, intervention, and referral; 2322 East Kimberly Road, Davenport, IA 52807
• Al-Anon Phone: (563) 355-0055
(888) 425-2666: Helps families and friends of Website: http://www.newlifeopc.com
alcoholics recover from the effects of living with
the problem drinking of a relative or friend; and Smoking Policy
Smoking is prohibited on the University campus except
• The National Institute on Drug Abuse Hotline
within designated areas. All smokers should be respectful
(800) 662-HELP/(800) 662-4357: Provides
of their fellow University members by disposing of their
information, support, treatment options, and
waste in the proper container.
referrals to local rehab centers for any drug or
alcohol problem.
Health and Wellness Requirements
For on-campus students in the State of Iowa, the following All students attending on-campus classes are required to
counseling services have been identified: complete an Emergency Contact form and return it to the
Center for Alcohol and Drug Services Student Success Office prior to their first day of classes
Address: 4869 Forest Grove Road, Bettendorf, IA 52722 and prior to the beginning of each fall semester thereafter.
Phone: (563) 332-9080 On-campus resident students are required to have an
Website: http://www.cads-ia.com updated Student Immunization Record form on file with
the Student Success Office prior to the first day of classes.
All returning on-campus resident students must submit an
Center for Alcohol and Drug Services—
updated form to the Student Success Office at the start of
Intake Outpatient Administration
each academic year prior to the first day of fall classes.
Address: 1523 South Fairmount Street,
Students participating in intercollegiate athletics are
Davenport, IA 52808
required to have a physical examination each academic
Phone: (563) 322-2667
year. This physical must be completed before the student
Website: http://www.cads-ia.com
begins athletic practice. All information provided
is confidential and kept on file in case of a campus
Center for Alcohol and Drug Services— emergency.
Country Oaks
Address: 12160 Utah Avenue, Davenport, IA 52804 Health Insurance Requirements
Phone: (563) 326-1150 It is recommended that all resident students maintain full
Website: http://www.cads-ia.com health insurance that includes coverage for major medical
events and hospitalization and to know the details of their
coverage and policy numbers. Students are responsible
Family Resources Inc., for their own health and accident insurance. Students
Wittenmyer Youth Center/Leslie East participating in intercollegiate athletics, as well as active
Address: 2800 Eastern Avenue, Davenport, IA 52803 physical education classes, are required to have full
Phone: (563) 326-6431 ext. 243 health and accident coverage through either a family or
Intake: (563) 326-6431 ext. 239 individual policy. Resident international students must
Website: http://www.famres.org purchase health insurance that provides coverage in the
United States.
The University provides access to insurance plans,
through a third-party vendor, for on-campus students.
Details concerning insurance plans are available in
the Student Success Office. Students must sign up for

14 ASHFORD UNIVERSITY
Health and Safety
coverage to be eligible. Exclusions and limitations of Public Health, and the location where students can
apply. The University will not be held responsible for find out more information about Meningococcal Disease
medical bills that are incurred by students. It is the (American College Health Association website,
student’s responsibility to maintain adequate medical www.acha.org). Questions should be directed to your
insurance coverage. health care provider.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the
Health and Wellness Referrals United States Public Health Service report procedures
University life presents many new challenges and and recommendations for dealing with communicable
situations that individuals may not have experienced diseases. The University uses such guidelines in
previously. While many of these experiences may be determining reasonable care on a case-by-case basis.
welcomed, they may also overwhelm and/or leave one Students who know or suspect they may have a
feeling confused, discouraged, and anxious. communicable disease should contact the Director of
The Student Success staff can and will refer students to Student Success so that reasonable care and protection can
services for depression, suicidal thoughts, loneliness, be assured to them and to others.
anger, anxiety, intimacy/relationship issues, family Resident and on-campus commuter students taking
concerns, eating disorder/habits, self-esteem, sexuality/ medication routinely administered by injection, such as
gender identity issues, substance misuse concerns, insulin, must contact the Office of Student Success for
roommate conflicts, relationship issues, sexual assault/ access to and proper disposal and replacement of a sharp
abuse, domestic/dating violence, grief, and more. These disposal container for used needles and syringes. This
services may include the following: container is a requirement of the Occupational Safety and
• Short-term, confidential individual counseling; Health Administration (OSHA). Needles and syringes
must never be disposed of in regular waste receptacles.
• Support groups;
Needles and syringes must only be disposed of in proper
• Educational programming; disposal containers.
• Long-term mental health counseling and
specialized counseling therapy; and AIDS Policy
• Emergency and inpatient mental health services. The purpose of this policy is to provide a comprehensive
institutional policy and procedure statement on the
treatment of students and employees with Acquired
Medical Care Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and/or associated
The City of Clinton has several medical clinics including
conditions. It is the policy of Ashford University that
the following:
students and/or employees who have AIDS, AIDS-
• Medical Associates, 915 13th Ave. North (at the Related Complex (ARC), or Human Immunodeficiency
corner of 13th Ave. North and Springdale Drive), Virus (HIV) antibodies will be allowed normal classroom
(563) 243-2511; attendance; usual access to campus academic, social,
• Quality Urgent Care, 2745 Lincoln Way, athletic, and cultural activities; and/or performance of
(563) 244-2161; and regular duty assignments as long as they are physically
and psychologically able. Access to social areas will not
• Mercy Medical Center (hospital), located at
be restricted. The University campus coordinates AIDS
1410 North Fourth Street, (563) 244-5555.
prevention and education programs for students and
employees. Educational information is critical to impede
Health Alerts, Communicable Disease further spread of the disease.
Control, and Needle Safety Procedures
The University recognizes its responsibility to exercise Health Risks
reasonable care in protecting students, faculty, staff, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the
administrators, and visitors from health dangers while U.S. Public Health Service say AIDS is not a readily
on the campus. In April 2004, a bill was passed by the communicable disease. There are no known cases of
State of Iowa relating to distribution and collection of transmission by food, water, or casual contact. The virus
data regarding Meningococcal Disease vaccination. has not been spread in families that have one or more
Colleges and universities are now mandated to inform persons who have been diagnosed with AIDS.
all students who are enrolled in an institution of higher
education that has an on-campus dormitory or residence The current scientific understanding is that the AIDS virus
hall of the Meningococcal Disease vaccination, the annual is transmitted through transfer of body fluids into the
Anonymous Data Collection for the Iowa Department broken skin or mucous membranes of the recipient, most

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 15


Health and Safety
usually by sexual intercourse, through exchange of blood residence halls with infected individuals. Circumstances
that occurs when needles are shared by an infected person, may exist where students with HIV antibodies might be
or through blood transfusion from an infected person. exposed to certain contagious diseases in a close living
Considering current medical opinion, there is no basis for situation. Because of the medical need of such students to
routinely excluding or dismissing students because they exercise greater control over their environment, they will
have AIDS, ARC, or HIV antibodies. be offered appropriate options based upon consultation
with their personal physicians. Housing may offer private
Precautions rooms to protect the health of the immunodeficient student
The University adopts safety guidelines as proposed from the exposure to infectious diseases.
by the U.S. Public Health Service for the handling of Incidents of harassment, either emotional or physical,
the blood and body fluids of all persons, not just those toward students or employees who are either known
known to have HIV infection. When dealing with persons to be or suspected of being HIV positive will not be
who have AIDS, ARC, or HIV antibodies, University tolerated. Complaints should be handled according to
personnel follow the guidelines published by the Centers the policy regarding Sexual Harassment and Civil Rights
for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, Georgia. Infringements.
Each University department is responsible for establishing
procedures to implement these guidelines to ensure Medical Emergencies
student and/or employee safety. In the case of a medical emergency, call 911 immediately.
Students and/or employees may contact the Student Then promptly report the emergency to the Campus
Success Office to obtain additional information about Security Office or to a Residence Life staff member.
AIDS and associated conditions and/or HIV testing.
Individuals requesting HIV testing will be referred to Fire Regulations
laboratories that can perform this testing. Open burning is not permitted on campus without written
permission from the Director of Campus Security.
Procedures Fire alarm boxes are directly connected to the Clinton
The University will not screen prospective and/or current County Law Enforcement Center. A fire can be reported
students and employees for HIV antibodies as part of the by pulling the lever on any of these boxes. If a fire is
regular admission or employment process. In accordance suspected, a student, faculty, or staff member should
with University policy, medical records, personnel files, immediately sound the building alarm and leave by the
and educational records are confidential, including nearest exit. Then call the Campus Security Office at
information related to AIDS. (563) 242-2752 and provide them with as much
Individuals with HIV antibodies who participate in information as possible.
activities where an exchange of body fluids such as Turning in a false alarm is both dangerous and illegal.
blood may occur (e.g., contact sports, educational THE CURRENT FINE IS $100 PLUS CRIMINAL
laboratory settings, etc.) should discuss the advisability of PROSECUTION FOR REPORTING A FALSE ALARM.
participation with their physicians. The participant who A SIGNIFICANT FINE IS ALSO ASSESSED FOR
is positive for HIV antibodies has the responsibility to MISUSE OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS.
inform other participants of the possibility of transmission.
All students, faculty, and staff must evacuate buildings
Individuals with HIV antibodies will not be restricted whenever a fire alarm sounds, regardless of the time
access to food service areas, nor will food service workers of day or outside weather conditions. Fire evacuation
be so restricted, unless they show evidence of another instructions are posted on each floor and in each
infection, condition, or illness for which there should be classroom. Carefully read and note the exit route to be
such restrictions. All food service workers should follow used in the event of a fire emergency. All resident
recommended standards and practices of sanitation and students must leave the residence halls whenever a fire
personal hygiene. alarm sounds.
Occupants of residence halls will not be advised if another
resident has tested positive for HIV antibodies. Current
medical information indicates there is no risk in sharing

16 ASHFORD UNIVERSITY
Health and Safety
Evacuating a Building Severe Weather
• When an alarm sounds, keep low to the floor if In the case of severe weather, listen for a warning siren
there is smoke in the room. and/or radio announcements. (On campus, an air horn will
• Feel the door or doorknob before opening any be used to signal warnings or impending danger.) The
doors. If either is hot, do not open the door. If no severe weather/tornado siren sounds a steady blast or tone
heat is felt, open the door slightly to check for for three minutes. When a severe weather/tornado warning
heat or heavy smoke. If heat or heavy smoke is occurs, be prepared to take cover in a designated shelter
present outside the room, close the door and stay area. Campus Security staff, faculty, staff members, and
in the room until help arrives. Residence Life staff will assist students in moving to
designated areas on campus. All students must move
• If you are unable to leave the room, seal up to the designated areas for the duration of the warning!
the cracks around the door using wet clothing, Please note that it is everyone’s individual responsibility
sheets, etc. Hang an object out the window, to be prepared and to educate themselves accordingly in
such as a jacket, shirt, sheet, etc. to attract the event of impending severe weather.
attention. If a phone is available, call Campus
Security at (563) 242-2752 and inform them of Campus Security and Residence Life staff will notify
your location. students when the “all clear” signal has been issued by
the Clinton Police Department. Students will then be
• If you are able to leave the room, go to the allowed to leave the designated areas. Students are asked
nearest exit or stairway. Never use the elevator! to cooperate with all directives given by University staff.
If the exit is blocked, try another exit. Close all
doors behind you as you go. NEVER USE THE FIRE ALARM FOR
• If you cannot find a clear exit, go to a higher NOTIFICATION OF SEVERE WEATHER.
floor and signal for help by waving or shouting In the case of severe weather, listen to local radio stations
out a window. KROS, AM 1340; The Eagle, FM 94.7; or KCLN, AM
• If you try to escape through a smoke-filled room 1390 or watch Quad-City area television stations WHBF,
or corridor, move quickly in a crouched position. Channel 4; KWQC, Channel 6; or WQAD, Channel 8.
Cover your head and body with something that
can be easily discarded should it catch on fire
(preferably wet) and breathe through a wet cloth,
taking short breaths through your nose.
• After evacuating the building, stand clear;
emergency equipment will need to maneuver
around the buildings. Stay away from main
entrances.
• Follow all directions given by fire and police
personnel, Campus Security staff, or Residence
Life staff.
• Even if an alarm has been turned off, you should
not return to the building until authorized to do
so by a Fire Department official. Never re-enter a
burning building.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 17


Notice of Nondiscrimination
Ashford University is an educational institution that
admits academically qualified students of any race,
Section Three color, or national origin to all the rights, privileges,
programs, and activities generally available to students at
the University. The University does not discriminate in
employment or in its educational programs and activities
on the basis of race, color, national or ethnic origin,
religion, sex, age, disability, sexual orientation, or veteran
status. The University is an equal opportunity employer
and complies with all federal, state, and local laws.

Disability Services
In accordance with Section 504 the Rehabilitation Act
of 1973, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of
1990, and the ADA Amendments Act of 2008, Ashford
University prohibits discrimination on the basis of a
disability. The University is committed to providing
an equal opportunity to access a full educational
experience and reasonable accommodations will be
granted to students who present documentation of
disability and are otherwise qualified to participate.
Students are responsible for disclosing disability
information and requesting accommodation, in accordance
with University requirements. Current documentation

Student Rights & of the disability must be provided by a qualified health


care professional. Authorized accommodations are based
upon documented disability and the functional effects of

Responsibilities the disability upon the student’s educational endeavor.


Accommodations are not retroactive. The determination
of reasonable accommodation resides with the Disability
Services Coordinator.
Students who believe they are in need of accommodations
should contact the Disability Services Office at
disabilityservices@ashford.edu. Students who have a
concern about their disability services may contact the
Disability Services Manager. Formal complaints will
be handled in accordance with the Ashford University
Grievance Procedure for Student Complaints.

The Family Educational Rights


and Privacy Act of 1974
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)
affords students certain rights with respect to their
education records. These rights include the following:
1. The right to inspect and review the student’s education
records within 45 days of the day the University
receives a request for access.
a. Students should submit written requests that identify
the record(s) they wish to inspect to the University
Registrar or the Campus Registrar. The Registrar
will make arrangements for access and notify the
student of the time and place where the records may

19
Student Rights & Responsibilities
be inspected. If the records are not maintained by the • A person or organization acting as an official
Registrar’s Office, the Registrar’s Office will facilitate agent of the institution and performing a business
the student’s access to the requested records. function or service on behalf of the institution;
2. The right to request the amendment of the student’s • A person serving on the Board of Trustees; or
education records that the student believes is • A student serving on an official committee, such
inaccurate, misleading, or otherwise in violation of the as a disciplinary or grievance committee, or
student’s privacy rights under FERPA. assisting another school official in performing his
a. Students may ask the University to amend a record or her professional responsibilities.
that they believe is inaccurate, misleading or otherwise b. Upon request, the University discloses education
in violation of the student’s privacy rights under records without consent to officials of another school in
FERPA. They should write the Registrar, clearly which a student seeks or intends to enroll, or is already
identifying the part of the record they want changed, enrolled so long as the disclosure is for purposes
and specifying why it should be changed. related to the student’s enrollment or transfer.
b. If the University decides not to amend the record as c. The University may disclose education records
requested by the student, the University Registrar will without consent to parents in the following
notify the student in writing of the decision and advise circumstances:
the student of his or her right to a hearing regarding • When a student is a dependent student as defined
the request for amendment. Additional information in Section 152 of the Internal Revenue Code of
regarding the hearing procedures will be provided to 1986;
the student when notified of the right to a hearing.
• When the student has violated any Federal, State,
c. If, as a result of the hearing, Ashford University or local law, or any rule or policy of Ashford
decides that the information in the education record is University, governing the use or possession of
not inaccurate, misleading, or otherwise in violation alcohol or a controlled substance if Ashford
of the privacy rights of the student, the student will be University determines that the student has
afforded the opportunity to place with the education committed a disciplinary violation with respect
record a statement commenting on the contested to that use or possession, and the student is under
information in the record and/or a statement setting the age of 21 at the time of the disclosure to the
forth any reason for disagreeing with the decision of parent; or
the hearing. The statement placed in the education
record by the student will be maintained with the • The disclosure is in connection with a health or
contested part of the record for as long as the record is safety emergency.
maintained. When the related record is disclosed to an d. The University may also disclose education records
authorized party, the record will include the statement without consent when the information is deemed
filed by the student. necessary to protect the health or safety of the student
3. The right to provide written consent prior to disclosures or other individuals in an emergency.
of personally identifiable information contained in the e. Directory information can be published and/or
student’s education records, except to the extent that disclosed to outside organizations without a student’s
FERPA authorizes disclosure without consent. prior written consent. “Directory information” means
a. An exception, which permits disclosure without information contained in an education record of
consent, is disclosure to school officials with a student that would not generally be considered
legitimate educational interests. A school official has harmful or an invasion of privacy if disclosed. If you
a legitimate educational interest if the official needs do not want Ashford University to disclose directory
to review an education record in order to fulfill his or information from your education records without your
her professional responsibilities for the University. A prior written consent, you must notify the University
school official may include any of the following: Registrar in writing. A request for nondisclosure of
• A person employed by the University in an directory information is valid unless or until the student
administrative, supervisory, academic, research, requests a change in writing. Ashford University has
or support staff position (including law designated the following information as directory
enforcement unit personnel and health staff); information:
• A person or company with whom the University • Student’s name
has contracted (such as an attorney, auditor, or • Participation in officially recognized activities
collection agent); and sports

20 Ashford University
Student Rights & Responsibilities
• Address If the student has an official name change, he or she must
• Telephone listing complete the Ashford University Name Change form and
provide copies of a Social Security card reflecting the new
• Weight and height of members of athletic teams name, along with supplemental documentation, as outlined
• Electronic mail address on the Name Change form, to the Office of the Registrar.
• Photograph
Sexual Harassment and
• Degrees, honors, and awards received
Civil Rights Infringements
• Date and place of birth
• Major field of study
Principle
The University is committed to maintaining a humane
• Dates of attendance atmosphere in which individuals do not abuse their
• Grade level personal and/or professional authority or power
in interpersonal relationships. More specifically,
• The most recent educational agency or institution
administration, faculty, staff, and students will not
attended
condone actions or works that a reasonable person would
• Enrollment status (e.g. undergraduate or regard as either discrimination or harassment.
graduate, full-time or part-time)
• Class rosters within the classroom Definitions
Harassment: An act, verbal or nonverbal, that causes
4. The right to file a complaint with the U.S. Department
a person to feel intimidated, threatened, abused, or
of Education concerning alleged failures by Ashford
assaulted. At least partial evidence that harassment has
University to comply with the requirements of FERPA.
occurred is based upon the feelings of the offended
The name and address of the Office that administers
party. Harassment includes conduct that has the effect of
FERPA is:
creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive environment
Family Policy Compliance Office for a student, faculty, or staff member and has the effect of
U.S. Department of Education substantially interfering with the academic performance
400 Maryland Avenue, SW or extracurricular activity of a student or the work
Washington, DC 20202-5920 performance of a faculty/staff member.
Sexual Harassment: An attempt to coerce an unwilling
Electronic Communication person into a sexual relationship; to subject a person to
Email is considered an official form of University-related
unwanted sexual attention; to punish a refusal to comply;
communication. It is recommended that students check
or to create a sexually intimidating, hostile, or offensive
their email at least 3 to 4 times per week in order to
educational or working environment.
stay current with University-related communications.
Students have the responsibility to recognize that certain Discrimination: Any distinction, derogatory reference,
communications may be time-critical. Failure to check or favor for or against an individual compared to others
for messages and failure to receive messages due to full that is based upon an individual’s gender, race, color,
mailboxes, spam filtering, or auto-forwarded email are age, creed, national or ethnic origin, physical or mental
not acceptable excuses for missing official University disability, or sexual preference.
communications. Online students must additionally
maintain and provide the University with an email Sexual Harassment of a Student
address for correspondence with University administration by Another Student
and faculty. Any unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual
favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a
Name Changes sexual nature by a student toward another student are
If Ashford University becomes aware that a student’s inappropriate behaviors and constitute sexual harassment
name recorded in the Ashford University system does when such conduct interferes with a student’s living or
not match the student’s official name as reflected by studying conditions or creates an intimidating, hostile, or
the United States Social Security Administration, the offensive environment for that student.
Registrar’s Office will change the name in all systems to
reflect the student’s legal name.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 21


Student Rights & Responsibilities

Sexual Harassment of a Faculty/Staff Member Individuals with complaints of this nature also always
by a Student have the legal right to file a formal complaint with the
Any unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual Office for Civil Rights (OCR), United States Department
favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, D.C.
sexual nature directed by a student toward a faculty/ 20201.
staff member are inappropriate behaviors and constitute
sexual harassment when such conduct interferes with a Grievance Procedure for
faculty or staff member’s University duties or creates Student Complaints
an intimidating, hostile, or offensive living or working The Ashford University community benefits from
environment for the faculty or staff member. formal procedures that encourage prompt resolution of
complaints and concerns that students may have about the
Sexual Harassment of a Student implementation of policies and procedures that govern
by a Faculty/Staff Member the institution.
Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, Students pursuing grades appeals, transfer credit appeals,
and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature appeals of satisfactory academic progress dismissal, or
by a faculty or staff member toward a student are held to appeals of Student Conduct Committee findings, should
constitute sexual harassment when: follow the procedures for these appeals outlined elsewhere
1. Submission to such sexual conduct is made either in this Catalog. For financial complaints, students should
explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of rating first contact his or her designated financial services
an individual’s educational development or advisor (or supervisor), or email studentfinancehelp@
performance; or ashford.edu.
2. Such conduct has the purpose or effect of interfering Informal Dispute Resolution: A Necessary First Step
with a student’s educational performance or creating before Filing Formal Complaints
an intimidating, hostile, or offensive living or studying Before pursuing the formal complaint process, every
environment for that student. reasonable effort should be made to constructively resolve
While a particular interaction must be offensive to an issues with faculty, staff, or administrators, including
unwilling person to be defined as harassment, faculty and following procedures for formal appeal identified above.
staff members and other persons of authority should be Whenever possible, the problem or complaint should
sensitive to questions about mutuality of consent that may first be discussed with the individual involved in the
be raised and to the conflict of interests that are inherent complaint. If satisfactory resolution is not reached after
in personal relationships that result from professional and discussion with the individual, the student should contact
educational interactions. Harassment in any situation is the individual’s direct supervisor to attempt to resolve the
reprehensible; it is particularly damaging when it exploits complaint. If these efforts are unsuccessful, the formal
the educational dependence and trust between students complaint process may be initiated.
and faculty/staff. When the authority and power inherent Formal Complaint Process:
in faculty/staff relationships with students, whether
• The complaint must be presented in writing and
overtly, implicitly, or through misinterpretation, is abused
sent via email attachment or other written form.
in any way, there is potentially great damage to the
It should describe the alleged incident(s) and any
individual student, to the accused, and to the climate of
corrective action sought.
the University.
• The complaint should be signed by the initiator
Complaints Concerning Discrimination or, in the case of an email submission, sent as
and/or Harassment a Microsoft Word attachment in letter format
Ashford University does not discriminate or harass in our and should contain the name and all contact
programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national information for the student. Any supporting
origin, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, disability, documentation and evidence shall be referenced
age, religion, or any other characteristic protected by state, within the body of the formal complaint. The
local, or federal law. Students who believe they have been words “this constitutes a formal complaint” must
subjected to discrimination or harassment in violation be included in the subject line of the complaint.
of this policy should follow the procedure outlined in 1. The written complaint should clearly and
the Grievance Procedure for Student Complaints. This concisely describe the alleged incident(s) and any
process is intended to provide a fair, prompt, and reliable corrective action sought.
determination about whether the Ashford University
nondiscrimination policy has been violated.

22 Ashford University
Student Rights & Responsibilities
2. The complaint’s supporting documentation must delegate decision making authority to a grievance
clearly demonstrate all informal efforts to resolve committee consisting of representatives from the
the issue(s). This includes, names, dates and following Departments: Compliance, Academics,
times of attempted or actual contact along with a Registrar, Student Success, Finance, Student
description of the discussion and the manner of Affairs, and/or Enrollment.
communication made in the course of each effort. • The investigator may contact or request a
3. The initiator shall attach to the complaint all meeting with either the initiator or the respondent
contact information supporting the efforts made as part of the investigation. The initiator or
to resolve the issue(s) before filing the formal the respondent may also request to meet and
complaint. discuss the allegations with the investigator
• Students presenting complaints for resolution and may offer any witnesses in support of their
must present them within thirty (30) days of the position to the investigator during the course of
incident prompting the complaint or from the the investigation. Any party to a complaint has
date of knowledge of the incident prompting the right to have an advocate present during the
the complaint. This means the complaint must investigation meetings and discussions. Such
be filed on or before thirty (30) days from when an advocate must be a member of the Ashford
the initiator knew, or should have known, of the University Community: student, faculty member,
alleged action(s). academic advisor, or staff member. The disputing
parties must advise the investigator of the
• Except in cases where it is determined by identity of an advocate or witness at least five (5)
Ashford University administration that notice days before the date of the meeting between the
may endanger the health or safety of the initiator parties. The student’s advocate may not act as an
or other persons, the person or persons named in attorney or formally represent the student. These
the complaint will be notified of the complaint by procedures are entirely academic in nature and
the appropriate party. are not considered legal proceedings. No audio
• The following persons have been designated or video recording of any kind is permitted, nor
to formally investigate grievances at Ashford is formal, legal representation allowed. At his or
University, handle inquiries, and to coordinate her sole discretion, the investigator may prohibit
the University’s compliance efforts regarding from attending or remove any person who
student complaints and grievances: disrupts the investigation.
• The Vice President of Academic Affairs,
Adriana DeJong University Provost, or Vice President of Student
Student Grievance Resolution Coordinator Services will determine whether a violation of
858-513-9240, ext. 3317 the Ashford University policies has occurred and
respond to the student in writing within thirty
Natalie De Witte (30) business days* from receipt of a complaint.
Student Grievance Resolution Coordinator If the Vice President of Academic Affairs,
858-513-9240, ext. 3488 University Provost, or Director of Student Affairs
determines that a policy has been violated, they
Jenefer Gilbert may also recommend corrective action.
Student Grievance Resolution Coordinator
858-513-9240, ext. 2993 • The decision of the Vice President of Academic
Affairs, University Provost, or Vice President of
Email contact: Student Services may be appealed by petitioning
GrievanceResolution@ashford.edu the President of the University. The written
appeal must be made within twenty (20) business
• Generally, the Vice President of Academic days* of receipt of the determination letter
Affairs, University Provost, or Vice President from the Vice President of Academic Affairs
of Student Services will have decision making or the Vice President of Student Services. The
authority in regards to formal complaints. President, or his/her designee, will render a
These individuals may appoint a third party or written decision on the appeal within twenty (20)
parties to investigate the dispute and present business days* from receipt of the appeal. The
a recommendation to them. In most cases, the President’s decision shall be final.
Vice President of Academic Affairs, University
Provost, or Vice President of Student Services *Business day is defined to mean normal operating
hours, Monday through Friday, excluding recognized
2009-2010 Academic Catalog 23
Student Rights & Responsibilities
national holidays. In cases where additional time is needed Students who are administratively dropped from a course
in the investigation of a complaint, students will be for not meeting attendance requirements are not eligible
notified accordingly. to receive an “I” grade. Students who are not able to
Tennessee Residents: Any grievances not resolved on complete at least 75% of the course prior to requesting an
the institutional level may be forwarded to the Tennessee incomplete grade are also ineligible.
Higher Education Commission, Nashville, TN 37243- Note: Please refer to the Catalog’s Academic Information
0830, (615) 741-3293. and Policies-General, Incomplete Grades, for complete
details on Ashford University’s Incomplete Grade policy.
Office of the Ombudsman
Ashford University maintains an Office of the Grade Appeal Procedure
Ombudsman to assist and investigate issues concerning All grades may be appealed in writing within fourteen
students that are brought to the attention of the office by (14) days after the grade in dispute is granted, through the
members of the University community. The Office of the following procedure:
Ombudsman provides confidential, neutral, impartial, and • The student should first discuss his or her
informal dispute resolution services and subscribes to the concerns with the instructor who issued
International Ombudsman’s Associations Code of Ethics the grade.
and Standards of Practice. Contact may be made by e-mail
at ombudsman@ashford.edu or phone at 866-974-5700, • If the student is not satisfied with the grade
ext. 3097. issued in the class, he or she should appeal to
the instructor in writing for reconsideration of
Grade Appeals the grade.
• If the student is not satisfied with the outcome
Basis for a Grade Appeal
of appeal to the instructor of the course, online
Grades may be appealed based on the student’s perception
students may appeal to the Director of the
that any of the following conditions exist:
Center for External Studies via the Grade Appeal
• An error was made in the calculation of the form and campus students may appeal to the
course grade. Dean of the college in which the student is
• The instructor was incorrect with respect to an enrolled. Appeals will not be accepted without
objective fact within the discipline and this error documentation that the student has made a
affected the student’s final grade. written appeal to the instructor.
Students experiencing extreme temporary hardship during • If the Director of the Center for External Studies
the last 25% of a course should request an incomplete is the instructor of the course, the student may
grade through their instructor prior to the course end appeal to the Dean of the college in which the
date. However, there may be extreme circumstances that student is enrolled. If the Dean of the college
prohibit a student from making this request prior to the is the instructor of the course, the student may
conclusion of a course. To appeal for an “I” grade after appeal to the Vice President of Academic Affairs.
the end date of a course, the student must fax or email the • Unless otherwise qualified above, the Dean of
written grade appeal with official documentation of the the college in which the student is enrolled is the
hardship experienced. An incomplete grade or a grade final decision maker on all grade appeals.
of “W” may be approved and applied for the following
documented reasons that directly impacted the student’s Student Rights and Student
ability to complete the course requirements or program Conduct Regulations
during the last 25% of the course: Ashford University is responsible for creating and
• Documented military duty that resulted in an maintaining an environment that is conducive to the
inability to continue in the course or program; pursuit of learning and living and to the development
• Documented personal or family medical of students as scholars and citizens. Ashford University
emergency; is committed to preserving the exercise of freedom of
inquiry, freedom of thought, freedom of discussion
• Documented act of nature; and expression, and the right of petition and peaceful
• Documented death in the family; or assembly. Each student shall enjoy certain freedoms
• Documented temporary severe economic as a member of the academic community and should
hardship. exercise his or her freedoms with responsibility. The

24 Ashford University
Student Rights & Responsibilities
responsibility to secure and maintain conditions conducive Conduct regulations apply to misconduct only when the
to the freedom to learn is shared by all members of the conduct adversely affects some distinct and clear interest
University community. of the University academic community. Students who act
University regulations are necessary to safeguard the in concert to violate the University regulations, or students
mission of Ashford University, thus protecting the who advise or incite to violate the University regulations,
freedom of students to learn without undue interference are also responsible for such violations.
by others. If violations of conduct regulations occur, the When students violate local, state, or federal law(s) off
University community must respond in ways that protect campus, they may incur penalties as determined by local,
the rights and freedoms of all members of the community. state, or federal authorities. Institutional actions shall not
The welfare and development of the individual student are be used to duplicate functions of general laws, but when
primary concerns. Rights and freedoms imply duties and the violation of the law also adversely affects the orderly
responsibilities, and all of these duties and responsibilities operation of the University, the University may enforce
require orderly procedures for implementation. To fulfill its own regulations regardless of any federal, state, or
its function as an educational institution and to protect the local legal proceedings or dispositions. University action
rights of all the members of the University community, will be initiated only when the institution’s interest as an
the University has the right and the duty to maintain order academic community is clearly involved.
within the University and to exclude persons who disrupt
the educational process. When necessary, the University Statement of Student Rights
will call upon the local, state, and/or federal authorities to It is the policy of Ashford University to guarantee that
maintain order. each student shall enjoy certain rights as a member of the
academic community.
Student Freedom
1. A student shall have the right to participate in
Freedom of Inquiry and Expression University-sponsored services and activities without
Ashford University is committed to preserving the discrimination or harassment based on the student’s
exercise of freedom of inquiry, freedom of thought, and race, creed, color, national origin, age, sex, or other
freedom of discussion and expression and the right of classification that deprives the person of consideration
petition and peaceful assembly. Special attention should as an individual.
be noted that a student who exercises his/her rights as a 2. A student shall be provided with a clear statement
private citizen, whether individually or collectively, must of basic rights, obligations, and responsibilities
assume full responsibility for the consequences of such concerning academic and nonacademic conduct.
actions and must not identify their position or actions as
representing the University. 3. A student has the right to be evaluated solely on the
basis of academic achievement and fulfillment of the
Exercise of Rights of Citizenship educational requirements with freedom of expression
On-campus students are both members of the academic protected and respected.
community and citizens of the Clinton community. 4. A student shall have the right to join associations
As members of the academic community, students are without fear of charges being brought based solely on
entitled to all the rights and protections enjoyed by other such membership.
members of the community. Students are also subject to
5. A student shall have the right of protection from
obligations by virtue of this membership. As citizens of
maintenance by the University of Records reflecting
the Clinton community, students are subject to all local,
the student’s beliefs or his/her political activity and
state, and federal laws, the enforcement of which is the
associations, except for counseling records, health
responsibility of duly constituted local, state, and federal
records, and records of disciplinary proceedings. Also,
authorities.
a student shall have the right of protection from release
to persons outside the University community of such
Institutional Authority and Local, State, records as well as academic and disciplinary records
and Federal Penalties without the express consent of the student or
When students violate University regulations, they are a court order.
subject to disciplinary action by the University, whether or
not their conduct violates local, state, or federal laws. By 6. A student shall have the right to petition for change
committing an act of misconduct, a student or organization in either academic or nonacademic regulations,
may be subject to disciplinary action by the University. procedures, or practices.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 25


Student Rights & Responsibilities
7. A student shall have the right of due process in any All students are expected to make themselves familiar
action that can reasonably be expected to affect the with the Code of Student Conduct (hereinafter referred
student’s status with the University brought or taken to as Code). Ignorance of this Code, including behavioral
by the University or any of its constituent parts or expectations, specific prohibited conduct, or penalties for
agencies. misconduct is not a defense to, nor grounds for, excusing
The due process rights in cases under the Code of Student violations of the Code.
Conduct shall include the right to the following: In support of this goal, the University reserves the right
• Have a prompt hearing; to refuse admission to any applicant whose behavior
is deemed inappropriate based on communication with
• Be protected from self-incrimination; University employees. Admissions decisions are final.
• Be protected from arbitrary and capricious The University reserves the right to create, modify, or
charges; make changes to the Code from time to time, as needed, or
• Be protected from arbitrary, malicious, or unjust when it determines necessary in particular circumstances.
sanctions; The Code may also be extended or amended to apply to
• Have a fair and impartial hearing; new and unanticipated situations that may arise.

• Challenge the membership of the hearing board; Misconduct


• Be treated and considered innocent until proven It is the intention of this Code to clarify the standards
otherwise by preponderance of the evidence; of behavior essential to the University’s educational
• Have an advocate; mission and its community life. The Code is not written
with the specificity of criminal statutes, nor standards
• Be notified of charges and to have charges applicable to criminal prosecution. In addition, the Code
explained; is not an exhaustive attempt to codify every possible type
• Present evidence and witnesses; and of problematic behavior. Violations of the Code in any
• Challenge not only the facts of the case but also form may be grounds for immediate expulsion, even for
the rule itself. first-time offenses. Any attempt to commit or conceal an
act of misconduct prohibited by these rules is subject to
8. A student shall have the right to protection from sanctions to the same extent as completed acts.
placement of non-University financial obligations
on the student’s account without the express written Misconduct is defined as any prohibited conduct on the
consent of the student. University campus, at a University-sponsored event,
or in a University online classroom for which a student
9. A student shall have the right to protection from ex post or guest is subject to University disciplinary action. In
facto regulations. addition, students are subject to discipline for engaging
10. A student shall have the right to have a clearly defined in prohibited behaviors, regardless of the location of their
means to participate in the formulation and application commission, if the behavior at issue directly and adversely
of institutional policy affecting both academic and affects the University or members of the University
non-academic services. The student’s participation community. Misconduct includes, without limitation, the
shall include the right to gain access to information, to following kinds of willful acts.
express a view, and to have views considered. Violence: Any act of violence, force, coercion, threat,
or intimidation; physical abuse or assault (including
Code of Student Conduct sexual assault) upon any person; conduct that threatens
All students of the University are expected to conduct
or endangers the health or safety of any person; physical
themselves in such a manner as to be a credit to
detainment of any person against his/her will; or
themselves and to the University. As responsible
possession, storage, use of, or attempt or threat to use any
individuals, they are expected to seek the resolution of all
kind of ammunition, firecrackers, explosives, firearms,
issues through the process of reason. Moreover, students
or weapons.
have a responsibility to comply with all University
policies and procedures. In a community of learning Property: Theft of, damage to, defacement, or
and living, individual or group conduct that is unlawful, destruction of University property or the property of
disrupts or interferes with the educational process, causes others; vandalism; and alteration, fabrication, misuse,
destruction of property, or otherwise infringes upon the or destruction of University documents, records,
rights of other members of the University community or identification cards/access cards, or parking stickers.
of the University itself cannot be tolerated.

26 Ashford University
Student Rights & Responsibilities
Disruption: Obstruction, disruption, or attempts Online Communication: Written communication in an
at obstruction or disruption of teaching, research, online community is an extremely important factor in
administration, disciplinary procedures, or other online educational programs. The ability to communicate
University or University-authorized activities, functions, clearly and effectively is crucial to the success of all
events, or operations; blocking the entrance or exit of online learning programs. Professional language relevant
any University facility or building or any corridor or to the course content should be used in the online
room therein; blocking or impeding normal pedestrian discussion postings. Students are expected to follow the
or vehicular traffic on or adjacent to University property; rules of Netiquette, as posted in their online courses. The
lewd, indecent, or disorderly conduct; failure to comply following behaviors are disruptive to the online learning
with the directive of a University official; obscene conduct environment and will not be tolerated:
or expression or participation in a riot. (Nonexclusive • Flaming: Flaming is the term used for behaving
examples include inappropriate communication in an disrespectfully to others online. This behavior
online environment, loud noises after residence hall includes, but is not limited to, mocking, shouting,
quiet hours, food fights, disrespect of another person’s cursing, humiliating, and discriminating against
belongings, public intoxication, false fire alarms, someone in the online environment.
tampering with smoke alarms or other fire equipment, and
the breach of University peace.) • Disrespect: Impolite and impertinent behavior
such as putting down or cursing your instructor
Harassment: Harassment of any kind will not be tolerated or any student in an online classroom will not
by the University and will be dealt with in accordance be tolerated.
with University policies regarding harassment.
• Offensiveness: An online classroom is not
Trespass: Unauthorized entry into, presence in, seizure, the place for graphic terminology, sexual
or occupation of any University facility that is locked, discussions, swearing, or any pornographic
closed to student activities, “used outside of normal posted resources. Inappropriate language and materials
hours,” or otherwise restricted as to its use. of this nature are inexcusable and constitute
Illegal Activity: Any actions considered in violation of unacceptable behavior.
federal, state, and local codes. Examples include but are • Discrimination: Derogatory statements about
not limited to alcohol- and drug-related offenses and race, color, national or ethnic origin, religion,
gambling. sex, age, disability, sexual orientation, and
Fraud: Any misrepresentation, forgery, alteration, misuse, veterans will not be tolerated. This includes the
or embezzlement of University documents, equipment, use of threatening, harassing, sexually explicit
records, funds, property, or instruments of identification or discriminatory language, or conduct that
(e.g., access cards or passwords) is considered fraud. violates state and/or federal law or the Ashford
Writing checks that fail to clear within thirty (30) days is University Sexual Harassment and Civil Rights
prohibited. After notification that a check was returned Infringements policy and Ashford University
for insufficient funds, students must provide immediate Notice of Nondiscrimination.
restitution to the check holder. The act is considered theft • Solicitation: It is against policy and
and has a direct effect on the relationship between the inappropriate for students to use the
student and the University. communication channels within Blackboard to
Drugs and/or Alcohol: Using or being under the influence solicit other users for personal or professional
of alcohol or illegal drugs on campus, while in class, reasons. Students may not send emails to
at University-sanctioned events, or when meeting with classmates or post messages that attempt to sell
University personnel is subject to disciplinary action. products, promote business, or solicit employees.
Computer, Telephone, and Communication Misuses: Use of Technology Resources: University technology
The University prohibits violations of the privacy of resources are to be used to advance the University’s
others (including prejudicial or discriminatory attacks) mission of education, scholarship, and service. Students
and the abuse of resources, copyright laws, and illegal may use these resources for purposes related to their
file sharing while using any electronic device or system. studies or research or other University-sanctioned
Communication used in the course of committing a activities. These resources include, but are not limited
crime or obscene, profane, lewd, vulgar, pornographic, to, hardware (including telephones, computers, and
threatening, or inflammatory language, video, graphics or traditional media equipment) either owned or leased
telephone messages are prohibited. by the University, software, and consulting time (and
expertise) of the Information Technology Services or
other University technology support staff. The use of

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 27


Student Rights & Responsibilities
technology resources provided by the University for • Use for personal monetary gain or for
commercial or other purposes not directly related to commercial purposes that are not directly related
study, research, or University-sanctioned activities should to University business;
be considered as secondary activities (i.e., personal or • Sending copies of documents in violation of
otherwise). Should such secondary activity in any way copyright laws;
interfere with primary activities, the secondary activity
must be terminated immediately. • Inclusion of the work of others into electronic
mail communications in violation of copyright
Many of the University’s technology resources are shared laws;
among the entire University community. The use of these
resources shall not violate law or the rights of others. • Capture and “opening” of electronic mail except
Prohibited activities include, but are not limited to: as required in order for authorized employees to
diagnose and correct delivery problems;
• Activities that violate copyright or other
intellectual property rights of others, including • Use of electronic mail to harass or intimidate
but not limited to, the infringing use of peer-to- others or to interfere with the ability of others to
peer file sharing services; conduct University business;
• Sending copies of documents in violation of • Use of electronic mail systems for any purpose
copyright laws via electronic mail or any other restricted or prohibited by laws or regulations;
electronic transmission; • “Spoofing,” (i.e., constructing an electronic mail
• Inclusion of the work of others into electronic communication so it appears to be from someone
mail communications or any other electronic else);
transmission in violation of copyright laws; • “Snooping,” (i.e., obtaining access to the files
• Activities that obstruct usage or deny access to or electronic mail of others for the purpose of
technology resources; satisfying idle curiosity, with no substantial
University business purpose);
• Activities that could be considered as harassing,
libelous or obscene; • Flaming, disrespect, offensiveness,
discrimination or solicitation as outlined in the
• Activities that violate University policies; Online Communication section above; or
• Activities that violate local, state, or federal laws; • Attempting unauthorized access to electronic
• Unauthorized use of computer accounts; mail or attempting to breach any security
• Impersonating other individuals; measures on any electronic mail system, or
attempting to intercept any electronic mail
• Attempts to exploit or explore security transmissions without proper authorization.
provisions, either at the University or elsewhere;
Monitoring of Email Communications: The University
• Activities that invade the right to privacy does not intend to monitor individual electronic mail as a
of others; routine matter, but may do so at any time as the University
• Destruction or alteration of data belonging deems necessary for purposes of maintaining the integrity
to others; and effective operation of the student email system. No
• Creating, using or distributing computer viruses; facility exists on this system for the sending or receiving
of private communications.
• Allowing other individuals to use your account
or password, including for the purpose of The University reserves the right to inspect and disclose
meeting attendance requirements in an online the contents of email as follows: in the course of an
class; investigation triggered by indications of misconduct
or misuse; as needed to protect the health and safety
• Disruption or unauthorized monitoring of of students and staff; as needed to prevent interference
electronic communications or of computer with the academic mission; as needed for technical
accounts; and troubleshooting or spam/content filtering; or as needed
• Inappropriate/widespread email distribution. to locate substantive information required for University
Electronic Mail: The following uses of electronic mail are business that is not more readily available by some
prohibited: other means.

• Personal use that creates a direct cost for the


University;

28 Ashford University
Student Rights & Responsibilities
Violation of Federal Copyright Laws Note: These penalties are subject to change as deemed
Any member of the University community who appropriate and necessary by Ashford University
participates in the unauthorized distribution of administration.
copyrighted material, including peer-to-peer file sharing, Emergency Administrative Leave of Absence: In
may be subject to civil and criminal liabilities in addition situations requiring immediate action, and after
to sanctions imposed by the University. Violations per consultation with concerned individuals (e.g., students,
offense include: faculty, administrators, other staff members, internship
Civil—Damages may be awarded in the amount of: or student teaching supervisors, etc.), the Vice President
of Academic Affairs, Director of Student Success, the
• Actual damages suffered as a result of the
Provost, the Vice President of Student Services, or the
infringement
Director of Student Affairs may place the student on an
• Statutory damages of not less than $200 or administrative leave of absence. During this leave of
more than $25,000 unless willful infringement absence, the University administration will undertake,
is found in which case a maximum statutory in a timely fashion, assessment of the circumstances and
penalty of $150,000 per infringement per severity of the student’s behavior. Students will remain on
work can be awarded (See 17 U.S.C. §§ 501 an administrative leave of absence no more than 30 days.
et seq. (infringement) and §§ 1201 et seq. Within that 30-day period, the University administration
(circumvention of technological copyright will follow University procedures for administration of
protection measures)). the Code of Student Conduct and render a decision as to
Actual damages for infringement can be significantly the penalties, if any, to be imposed by Ashford University.
higher including profits made from infringement. Students on Emergency Administrative Leave of Absence
may not be allowed to return to campus or to participate in
Criminal—Willful infringement of copyrighted material
University classes or events.
for commercial advantage or private financial gain,
reproduction or distribution of copyrighted material worth Reprimand/Disciplinary Warning: A written notice to
more than $1000, or distribution of a work being prepared the student that his/her behavior has not met University
for commercial distribution can also result in criminal standards and that a continuation or repetition of
fines and penalties of: prohibited conduct, within a specified period of time,
will be grounds for more serious disciplinary action;
• $500,000 or imprisonment for not more than 5
disciplinary warning, if given, extends through graduation.
years for first offense.
Conduct Probation: Action permitting a student to remain
• $1,000,000 or imprisonment for not more than
at the University on probationary status. During the period
10 years for subsequent offense. (See 17 U.S.C.
of probation, if the student is found guilty of a further
§§ 501 et seq., §§ 1201 et seq, and 18 U.S.C. §
violation of a University regulation, the student may be
2319.)
subject to suspension, separation, or expulsion from the
For additional information visit www.copyright.gov. University.
Students who are found to have participated in the Removal From Course: Exclusion of a student from the
unauthorized distribution of copyrighted material and/or course in which the violation occurred.
other forms of copyright infringement will be subject to
Suspension: Exclusion of a student from the University
an appropriate sanction in accordance with the Code of
for a definite period of time, not to exceed one calendar
Student Conduct found in this Catalog.
year, as set forth in the written notice of suspension
Both the Recording Industry Association of America subject to other University regulations. Suspension or
(RIAA) and the Motion Picture Association of America expulsion may occur midcourse with no reimbursement
(MPAA) maintain a list of legal alternatives for for University tuition. In some cases of suspension or
downloading. Please visit http://www.riaa.com/ or http:// separation, students may not be allowed at any time, or
www.mpaa.org/ for more information. for any reason, to return to the campus or to participate
in University classes or events unless the suspension is
Penalties for Misconduct successfully appealed through the formal appeal process.
Engaging in misconduct may result in one or more of the Separation: Termination of a student’s status with
following penalties imposed by the University, depending the University for a definite period of time, exceeding
on the offense. Following a judgment according to one calendar year. Upon expiration of the designated
applicable disciplinary procedures, penalties will be period of separation, the student seeking to re-enter the
imposed with noted appeal procedures available. University shall be required to reapply. Readmission is not
guaranteed.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 29


Student Rights & Responsibilities
Expulsion: Permanent separation of a student from the Fabrication: Intentional and unauthorized falsification
University with no opportunity for reapplication. Students or invention of any information or citation in an
who are expelled from the University may not at anytime, academic exercise.
or for any reason, return to the campus or participate Facilitating Academic Dishonesty: Intentionally or
in University classes or events unless the expulsion is knowingly helping or attempting to help another student
successfully appealed through the formal appeal process. commit a breach of academic integrity.
Restitution: Reimbursement for damage to or destruction Plagiarism: Representing the words or ideas of another
or misappropriation of property. as one’s own in any academic exercise. Plagiarism
Revocation of Privilege: Loss of privilege of living in occurs when a student deliberately uses the ideas,
University housing, using University dining facilities, language, or another writer’s original material (that is not
having an automobile on campus, and/or loss of general common knowledge) without acknowledging the source.
status recognition. Plagiarized materials include texts (print or online) as
Community Service: An assignment to perform a task well as the work of other students. Plagiarizing denies the
or service for the University or a University-sponsored student the powerful opportunity to develop as an ethical
organization. and conscientious human being. Herein rests the greatest
reason not to plagiarize.
Counseling: In cases where the student and the Vice
President of Academic Affairs, Director of Student Acts of plagiarism include, but are not limited to:
Success, or the appropriate Student Conduct Committee • Copying text from printed materials, which
explore the nature of the issue and the reasons behind the include books, magazines, encyclopedias,
specific violation and, to avoid a repeat of the behavior in newspapers, etc.;
the future, a student may be referred for counseling. When • The modification of text with the intent
behavior is extreme and outside all guidelines set by the of changing verbiage, changing words, or
Code of Student Conduct, counseling will be required, interspacing the student’s work into the
at a direct cost to the individual, before a student will be plagiarized work;
allowed to return to the University community. • “Copy and paste” plagiarism, which involves
Academic Dishonesty copying and pasting materials from Internet
Students of Ashford University will follow expected sources and presenting them as one’s original
levels of academic integrity. Ashford University defines work;
academic dishonesty as deceitful and/or deceptive • The use of another student’s work, even if the
attempts to fulfill academic requirements. While student has the permission of the other student.
plagiarism is the most common form of academic The use of another’s work constitutes an act of
dishonesty, cheating or furnishing fabricated or false collusion, which constitutes an act of plagiarism;
information to Ashford University officials and faculty • The use of materials purchased from Internet or
(such as lying to affect a grade change) are also acts of other outside sources;
academic dishonesty and will be met with censure.
• “Recycling” old papers for a current course.
The academic community of the University believes that Students may use previous work only to support
one of the goals of an institution of higher learning is to current work (and the previous work must be
strengthen academic integrity and responsibility among cited properly); or
its members. To this end, the University, throughout its
history, has emphasized the importance of sound judgment • Paraphrasing or summarizing another’s work
and a personal sense of responsibility in each student. without giving appropriate credit.
All members of the academic community are expected to Common Knowledge vs. Plagiarism: Some students have
abide by the highest standards of academic integrity. the mistaken notion that they must give credit to a source
Academic dishonesty is a serious offense at the University only when they use a direct quotation. Paraphrasing
because it undermines the bonds of trust and personal (putting ideas into your own words) or changing a
responsibility between and among students and faculty, word or two in a source does not relieve the student of
weakens the credibility of the academic enterprise, and responsibility to credit the source. If an idea is not the
defrauds those who believe in the value and integrity of student’s own, he or she must cite the source in the text of
the degree. Academic dishonesty may take several forms: the paper and at the end of the paper as a reference. The
only exception to this rule is if the idea the student uses is
Cheating: Intentionally using or attempting to use common knowledge. Facts that are common knowledge
unauthorized materials, information, or study aids in any will generally be known by many people and can easily be
academic exercise (e.g., test, essay, etc.).

30 Ashford University
Student Rights & Responsibilities
found or referenced. Common knowledge facts (e.g., that University students is essentially an educational process.
Robert Kennedy was assassinated in 1968) do not need to The University will deal with misconduct on the basis of
be documented. However, students must reference lesser- this premise whenever possible.
known ideas and interpretations of common knowledge
(e.g., a press release defense attorney Lawrence Teeter Disciplinary Responsibilities
issued regarding the possible innocence of Sirhan Sirhan, Violations of the Code of Student Conduct will be referred
the accused assassin of Robert Kennedy). to and managed by the Director of Student Success or
Avoiding Plagiarism: Address any questions regarding designee. Violations of the local, state, and federal law
plagiarism to the course instructor. Students should be will be referred to the appropriate authorities.
aware that Ashford University instructors utilize anti- Students are required to cooperate fully and immediately
plagiarism resources to determine the originality of with any reasonable request made by a University staff
submitted written work. These tools compare students’ member. Failure to cooperate with reasonable staff
work with texts available in internal databases and through requests is a violation of University standards, and
Internet searches. such violations will be referred to the appropriate
University Administrator.
Penalties for Academic Dishonesty
A student who commits an act of academic dishonesty In all cases where a student’s behavior abridges the
may face disciplinary action, including but not limited to; personal freedoms and rights of other students or of the
failure to receive credit on an academic exercise, course University, the case will be referred to the appropriate
failure, and/or dismissal from the University. University administrator. Depending upon the severity
of the infraction, any reported misconduct may result
Instructors or other University staff may report instances in disciplinary sanctions ranging from reprimand and
of academic dishonesty to the Instructional Specialist warning to dismissal from the University.
(External Studies) or Vice President of Academic
Affairs (on-campus); the student will receive notice
informing him/her of the offense, as well as any resulting
Disciplinary Procedure
The purpose of this policy is to establish disciplinary
disciplinary action(s). Students may appeal disciplinary
procedures to guide the enforcement of the Code of
decisions regarding academic dishonesty through the
Student Conduct. These procedures are applicable to
grade appeal process. Students may appeal disciplinary
any student or student organization that is charged with
actions of the Student Conduct Committee as per the
a violation of the Code of Student Conduct. However,
process outlined in this Catalog, based upon enrollment in
because of the individual nature of students, their
online or on-campus programs.
behaviors, and the particular circumstance involved, the
University may not in every situation be able to follow
On-Campus Student Conduct these procedures precisely. Deviations from the outlined
Disciplinary Processes timeline and/or procedures may occur on occasion and
Ashford University is committed to sustaining an will not invalidate a decision or proceeding.
environment that promotes total development of the
student. The University provides a wide range of When a student is charged with prohibited conduct:
opportunities for students to develop intellectually, • The student shall be notified verbally or in
culturally, ethnically, vocationally, physically, socially, writing of the alleged misconduct. Delay in
and spiritually. Along with responsible student leadership, notification, from the time of incident, may occur
the University promotes and encourages co-curricular when charges are being investigated.
programs that meet the continued and emerging interests • The student shall be directed as to his/her rights
of the students. It is the main purpose of the Student as explained in the Ashford University Catalog.
Success Office to initiate these programs and to model
them for the rest of the University community. The When prompt action is deemed necessary, actions
development of conditions conducive to personal growth, to protect the safety and welfare of the University
privacy, and academic success is a primary goal of the community may be imposed prior to a full investigation of
Student Success Office. This should also become the the alleged misconduct.
personal goal of any student who wishes to gain the most
from his/her University experience. It is expected that Incident Report of Violation: Any member of the
some students will make an occasional error in judgment; University academic community may submit an
however, students generally are able to learn from allegation(s) of violation(s) of the Code of Student
their mistakes. The disciplinary system is based on the Conduct to the Student Success Office or the Vice
premise that correcting most types of misbehavior among President of Academic Affairs.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 31


Student Rights & Responsibilities
• In most situations where a member of the Following a formal hearing, students shall be given the
University community suspects a student of option to:
violating the Code of Student Conduct, he or • Accept the decision of the Vice President of
she should first confront the suspected party Academic Affairs or designee;
regarding the concerns and, consequently, his
or her intent to make a referral. In situations • Appeal the decision in writing within ten (10)
where there may be a risk of harm, confrontation business days* to the Vice President of Academic
should be avoided and a referral should be made Affairs or designee for an On-Campus Student
immediately. Conduct Committee hearing if the decision
imposes a sanction of suspension, separation, or
• Any allegation presented to the Student Success expulsion.
Office or the Vice President of Academic Affairs
must be submitted in writing. The writing must Appeal for On-Campus Student Conduct Committee
be signed and dated by the person submitting the Hearing: The On-Campus Student Conduct Committee
allegation. This referral should contain all the (OCSCC), consisting of an administrative chair, six
facts that form the basis for the allegation. The students, and four faculty or staff, will hear all appeal
student alleged to have committed the violation cases based on the following:
and the person making the allegation shall be
• Whether the original hearing was conducted in a
considered “parties” to the investigation. All
fair manner;
documentation that may be relevant to the case
should be presented at the time of the referral. • Whether the evidence was significant enough to
warrant a decision against the student(s); and
Informal Hearing: The Director of Student Success,
appropriate College Dean, Director of Campus Security, • Whether the sanction imposed was in keeping
or designee meets with the individuals involved in with the seriousness of the violation and prior
the alleged violation to determine responsibility and conduct record of the student(s).
sanctions, if necessary.
Procedures for an On-Campus Student Conduct
Every student who is charged with a disciplinary sanction Committee:
shall be given the option to: • A designated Chair will correspond with all
• Accept the imposed sanction; or parties and provide all parties with notice that an
appeal has been made to the On-Campus Student
• Appeal the sanction within ten (10) business
Conduct Committee. OCSCC members will
days* and request a formal hearing.
receive notice of the allegation.
Sanctions involving consideration of suspension,
• After receiving notice of the allegation,
separation, or expulsion will be provided a formal hearing
additional information may be included in
unless a student otherwise declines.
the record. The student may provide a written
Formal Hearing: The Vice President of Academic Affairs statement and/or other documentation for the
or designee hears the case to determine responsibility and Committee to review.
sanctions, if necessary. • The Chair will provide the student with any
additional information that has been added to
Procedures for a formal hearing: the record.
• A hearing shall be set at a suitable time and • The Chair will remind the student that the
place. investigation into the allegation, OCSCC
• The student shall be permitted to present proceedings, and the meeting concerning the
witnesses. allegation shall be conducted according to the
• The student shall not be permitted to have an Ashford University Catalog. These procedures
attorney present at any hearing or in appeal or are entirely academic in nature and are not
review. considered legal proceedings. No audio or video
recording of any kind is permitted nor is formal
• Formal rules of evidence applicable in a court of legal representation allowed.
law do not apply.
• The Chair will set a date for the OCSCC meeting
within ten (10) business days* after receiving
notice of the student appeal to the OCSCC. The

32 Ashford University
Student Rights & Responsibilities
meeting will occur within twenty (20) business Final Appeal of On-Campus Student
days* after receipt of the student appeal. The Conduct Committee Decisions
Chair will determine the location of the meeting. Students have the right to appeal disciplinary actions
The student is required to attend the OCSCC of the On-Campus Student Conduct Committee to the
meeting in person or via teleconference. Campus Director. Students have ten (10) business days*
• At the meeting, the Chair will briefly outline the from the date of the letter indicating a decision by the
procedures to be followed. The Committee will On-Campus Student Conduct Committee to inform the
read and discuss all the submitted documentation Campus Director in writing of the intent to appeal. The
regarding the allegation. letter must clearly state the reason for the appeal, include
supporting documentation, and be signed by the student.
• Guided by common sense, fairness, and
Students may appeal based upon whether the original
published institutional policy, the Chair and the
hearing was conducted in a fair manner, whether the
Committee members will consider evidence
evidence was significant enough to warrant a decision
relevant to the alleged conduct and disciplinary
against the student, whether the sanction imposed was in
action. At the discretion of the Committee,
keeping with the seriousness of the violation and prior
witnesses may be interviewed by the Committee.
conduct record of the student(s), and/or a review of the
The person bringing the allegation, the student
original complaint. The Campus Director will render a
in question, and other witnesses may be called
decision and notify the student in writing within thirty
to answer questions or to present information.
(30) business days* of receiving notification of the appeal.
Generally, parties involved and witnesses will be
The decision of the Campus Director is final.
interviewed separately and not in the presence of
the other parties involved. * Business day is defined to mean normal operating
hours, Monday through Friday, excluding recognized
• The student has the right to have an advocate
national holidays.
present during the committee meeting. Such
an advocate must be a member of the Ashford Authority for the implementation of these rules and
University community (e.g., student, faculty regulations is delegated to the Vice President of
member, academic advisor, or other staff Academic Affairs. It is the responsibility of the student
member). The student’s advocate may not act to complete all sanctions of a disciplinary decision.
as an attorney or formally represent the student. Failure to do so could result in additional sanctions being
The advocate may assist the student during the imposed. Sanctions imposed will not be deferred due to a
proceeding; however, the student will be the only pending appeal.
person allowed to present information to the
Committee in support of her/his position. Online Student Conduct
• The parties may be asked to make statements Disciplinary Processes
at the meeting. The Chair and Committee The disciplinary system for online student conduct
members may ask questions of any individual violations is based on the premise that correcting most
in attendance at the meeting at the Committee’s types of misbehavior among University students is
request. The Chair of the Committee will essentially an educational process. It is expected that
determine the order in which witnesses will some students will make an occasional error in judgment;
present information. however, students generally are able to learn from their
mistakes. The University will deal with misconduct on the
• At the conclusion of the meeting, Committee basis of this premise whenever possible.
members will confer privately in an executive
session to discuss the information before them.
Disciplinary Responsibilities
The OCSCC Chair will notify the parties of the
The University Provost, the Director of Student Affairs, or
committee’s decision in writing within ten (10)
designee maintains the responsibility for determining and
business days* of the Committee’s decision.
enforcing rules and consequences of a student’s failure to
Following an On-Campus Student Conduct Committee adhere to the Code of Student Conduct.
Hearing, students shall be given the option to:
Students are required to cooperate fully and immediately
• Accept the decision of the Committee; or with any reasonable request made by a University staff
• Appeal the decision in writing within ten (10) member. Failure to cooperate with reasonable staff
business days* to the Campus Director. requests is a violation of University standards, and
such violations will be referred to the appropriate
University Administrator.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 33


Student Rights & Responsibilities
In all cases where a student’s behavior abridges the student alleged to have committed the violation
personal freedoms and rights of other students or of the and the person making the allegation shall be
University, the case will be referred to the University considered “parties” to the investigation. All
Provost, the Director of Student Affairs, or designee. documentation that may be relevant to the case
Depending upon the severity of the infraction, any should be provided at the time of the referral.
reported misconduct may result in disciplinary sanctions Informal Hearing: The Director of Student Affairs,
ranging from reprimand and warning to dismissal from University Provost, or designee contacts the individuals
the University. involved in the alleged violation to investigate and
determine responsibility and sanctions, if necessary.
Disciplinary Procedure
The purpose of this policy is to establish disciplinary Every student who is charged with a disciplinary sanction
procedures to guide the enforcement of the Code of shall be given the option to:
Student Conduct. These procedures are applicable to • Accept the imposed sanction; or
any student that is charged with a violation of the Code • Appeal the sanction within ten (10) business
of Student Conduct. However, because of the individual days* and request a formal hearing.
nature of students, their behaviors, and the particular
circumstance involved, the University may not in every Students imposed a sanction of dismissal/expulsion are
situation be able to follow these procedures precisely. entitled to a Student Conduct Committee hearing prior to
Deviations from the outlined timeline and/or procedures imposing this sanction.
may occur on occasion and will not invalidate a decision Formal Hearing: The Director of Student Affairs,
or proceeding. University Provost, or designee hears the case to
When a student is charged with prohibited conduct: determine responsibility and sanctions, if necessary.

• The student shall be notified verbally or in Procedures for a formal hearing:


writing of the alleged misconduct. Delay in
• The Online Student Conduct Committee (OSCC)
notification, from the time of incident, may occur
for online students is comprised of the Director
when charges are being investigated.
of Student Affairs or his/her designee (Chair),
• The student shall be directed as to his/her rights member of the University Registrar’s office,
as explained in the Ashford University Catalog. an academic administrator, and a Center for
When prompt action is deemed necessary, actions External Studies Council faculty member. Any
to protect the safety and welfare of the University member of the University academic community
community may be imposed prior to a full investigation of may submit an allegation(s) of violation(s) of
the alleged misconduct. the Code of Student Conduct to the Director of
Student Affairs.
Incident Report of Violation: Any member of the • Any allegation presented to the OSCC must be
University academic community may submit an submitted in writing to the Director of Student
allegation(s) of violation(s) of the Code of Student Affairs. The writing must be signed and dated by
Conduct to the Director of Student Affairs or University the person submitting the allegation. This referral
Provost. should contain all the facts that form the basis
• In most situations where a member of the for the allegation. The student alleged to have
University community suspects a student of committed the violation and the person making
violating the Code of Student Conduct, he or the allegation shall be considered “parties” to
she should first confront the suspected party the investigation at the Committee meeting. All
regarding the concerns and, consequently, his documentation that may be relevant to the case
or her intent to make a referral. In situations should be presented to the committee at the time
where there may be a risk of harm, confrontation of the referral.
should be avoided and a referral should be made • The Chair will correspond with all parties and
immediately. provide all parties with notice that the allegation
• Any allegation presented to the Director of has been received. OSCC members will receive
Student Affairs or University Provost must notice of the allegation.
be submitted in writing. The writing must be • After receiving notice of the allegation,
signed and dated by the person submitting the additional information may be included in
allegation. This referral should contain all the the record. The student may provide a written
facts that form the basis for the allegation. The

34 Ashford University
Student Rights & Responsibilities
statement and/or other documentation for the in attendance at the meeting at the committee’s
committee to review. request. The Chair of the Committee will
• The Chair will provide the student with any determine the order in which witnesses will
additional information that has been added to present information.
the record. • At the conclusion of the meeting, Committee
• The Chair will remind the student that the members will confer privately in an executive
investigation into the allegation, OSCC session to discuss the information before them.
proceedings, and the meeting concerning the The OSCC Chair will notify the parties of the
allegation shall be conducted according to the Committee’s decision in writing within ten (10)
Ashford University Catalog. These procedures business days* of the Committee’s decision.
are entirely academic in nature and not legal
proceedings. No audio or video recording Final Appeal of Online Student
of any kind is permitted nor is formal legal Conduct Committee Decisions
representation allowed. Students have the right to appeal disciplinary actions of
the Online Student Conduct Committee to the University
• The Chair will set a date for the OSCC meeting
Provost. In cases where the University Provost is
within ten (10) business days* after receiving
involved in the referral, the appeal may be directed to
notice of an alleged violation. The meeting will
the University President. Students have ten (10) business
occur within twenty (20) business days* during
days* from the date of the letter indicating a decision by
regular University business hours, with respect to
the Online Student Conduct Committee to inform the
the time zone in which the student resides. The
appropriate University official in writing of the intent to
Chair will determine the location of the meeting.
appeal. The letter must clearly state the reason for the
The student is required to attend the OSCC
appeal, include supporting documentation, and be signed
meeting via teleconference.
by the student. Students may appeal based upon whether
• At the meeting, the Chair will briefly outline the the original hearing was conducted in a fair manner,
procedures to be followed. The Committee will whether the evidence was significant enough to warrant a
read and discuss all the submitted documentation decision against the student, whether the sanction imposed
regarding the allegation. was in keeping with the seriousness of the violation and
• Guided by common sense, fairness, and prior conduct record of the student(s), and/or a review of
published institutional policy, the Chair and the original complaint. The University official will render
the committee members will determine what a decision and notify the student in writing within thirty
evidence will be considered. At the discretion of (30) business days* of receiving notification of the appeal.
the Committee, witnesses may be interviewed. The decision of the University official is final.
The person bringing the allegation, the student * Business day is defined to mean normal operating hours,
in question, and other witnesses may be called Monday through Friday, excluding recognized national
to answer questions or to present information. holidays.
Generally, parties involved and witnesses will be
interviewed separately and not in the presence of Graduation/Completion Rates
the other parties involved. Ashford University, in compliance with the Student Right-
• The student has the right to have an advocate to-Know and Campus Security Act of 1990, provides the
present during the Committee meeting. Such following information regarding its graduation/completion
an advocate must be a member of the Ashford rate. The rate reflects only the graduation/completion
University community: student, faculty member, status of students who enrolled as first-time, degree-
academic advisor, or staff member. The student’s seeking students during the 2002-2003 school year and
advocate may not act as an attorney or formally for whom 150% of the normal time-to-completion has
represent the student. The advocate may assist elapsed.
the student during the proceeding; however, During the fall semester of 2002, 48 first-time, full-time,
the student will be the only person allowed to degree-seeking students entered Ashford University (prior
present information to the Committee in support to 03/09/05 known as Mount St. Clare College and The
of her/his position. Franciscan University [of the Prairies]). After six years (as
• The parties may be asked to make statements of August 31, 2008) 44% of these students had graduated
at the meeting. The Chair and Committee from Ashford University. Please contact the Registrar’s
members may ask questions of any individual Office with any questions.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 35


Student Rights & Responsibilities
Please note that the graduation/completion rate does not
include any student who attended a college or university
after high school and then enrolled at Ashford University.

Graduation/Completion Rate by Gender


Men 29%
Women 71%

Graduation/Completion Rate by Race or Ethnic Group


Nonresident alien 0%
Black, non-Hispanic 0%
American Indian/Alaska Native 0%
Asian/Pacific Islander 0%
Hispanic 0%
White, non-Hispanic 100%
Race/ethnicity unknown 0%

Graduation/Completion Rate by Financial Aid Category


Pell Grant Recipient 33%
FFEL or Direct Loan Recipient (no Pell Grant) 53%
Neither Pell Grant, FFEL, 14%
nor Direct Loan Recipient

* The number of students in this group is not large enough


to be statistically reliable or the data has been omitted to
protect the privacy of the members of the group.

36 Ashford University
Ashford University is committed to helping students
understand and manage the financial aspects of obtaining
their education. For questions regarding tuition, fees, and
Section Four payment options for On-Campus Traditional Programs,
students should contact the Campus Business Office. For
questions regarding tuition, fees, and payment options
for programs in the Center for External Studies, students
should contact their personal Financial Services Advisor.

Financial Information
Tuition and Fees 2009-2010
Tuition and applicable fees are due and payable at the
beginning of each class. Ashford University will withhold
transcripts, degree verifications, grade reports, and
diplomas until accounts are paid in full.
Tuition rates and fees may change at any time without
prior notice.

On-Campus Traditional Programs

Financial
(09/10 Academic Year)
Tuition and Fees:

Information
Full-time per semester (12 to 18 credits) $7,860.00
Part-time (11 credits or less) or in excess
$458.00
of 18 credits (per credit)
Per credit for audit,
senior citizens (age 60 and over) and
high school students (not enrolled in $230.00
the State of Iowa’s Post-Secondary
Enrollment Option)

Room & Board Fees:


Room per semester for all room
$1,300.00
configurations (nonrefundable)
Board per semester (19 meals per week)
$1,700.00
(nonrefundable)
Room deposit (refundable when room is
$100.00
officially vacated with no damage)

Other Fees:
Application fee (nonrefundable) $20.00
Books (estimated amount per semester,
$500.00
actual amount may vary)
Technology fee per semester
$200.00
(nonrefundable)
Part-time technology fee (per credit) $15.00
Activity fee per semester
$75.00
(nonrefundable)

37
Financial Information

Activity fee per credit for less than Replacement/Duplicate Diploma $45.00
$6.00
12 credits (nonrefundable) Official transcript $10.00
Insufficient funds fee $30.00 Unofficial transcript $5.00
Graduation fee $110.00 Educational records – Per page $0.50
Replacement/Duplicate Diploma $45.00 * Payment for evaluation does not guarantee that credit
Official transcript $10.00 will be awarded.
Unofficial transcript $5.00 ** Non-refundable fee, applied on the 6th week of
enrollment, post start date. The technology services fee
Cost of exam
CLEP testing fee per exam provides the student with initial configuration setup to
plus $15.00
University systems such as Blackboard, student portal,
Independent student fee (per credit) $150.00 the online library collection, and other academic
College of Education Transcript support systems.
Analysis Fee, for non-degree seeking ***The education concentration fee covers additional
$100.00
students who are not alumni, pursuing costs associated with administrative functions and
endorsements only in the State of Iowa program management inherent in the facilitation of
College of Education credential Between $3.50 education concentrations.
file request and $30.00
Graduate Programs
Undergraduate Programs Offered The following is a list of tuition and fees applicable to
Through the Center for External Studies Master’s degree programs and/or courses, effective
The following is a list of tuition and fees applicable to April 1, 2009. Tuition rates and fees may change at any
Associate and Bachelor’s degree programs and/or courses time without prior notice.
offered through the Center for External Studies, effective
April 1, 2009. Tuition rates and fees may change at any Tuition per credit:
time without prior notice. Master of Arts in Education $463.00
Master of Arts in
Tuition per credit: $515.00
Health Care Administration
100- to 400-level Courses $354.00 Master of Arts in
$515.00
Organizational Management
Fees:
Master of Arts in
Application fee $55.00 $463.00
Teaching and Learning with Technology
Books and materials Master of Business Administration $515.00
$100.00
(average per course) Master of Public Administration $515.00

Sponsored professional training Fees:


$30.00
assessment (per credit evaluated)*
Application fee $55.00
Technology services fee** $990.00 Books and materials (average per course) $140.00
Late payment fee $30.00
Education concentration fee*** $140.00 Insufficient funds fee $30.00
Graduation fee $110.00
Course fee - SPA 103 or SPA 104 $15.00 Replacement/Duplicate Diploma $45.00
Prior learning assessment experiential Official transcript $10.00
learning essay assessment $125.00 Unofficial transcript $5.00
(per evaluation)* Educational records – Per page $0.50
Late payment fee $30.00
Insufficient funds fee $30.00
Graduation fee $110.00

38 Ashford University
Financial Information
Terms of Payment • Complete an Institutional Application;
Tuition and fees are due and payable at the beginning • Complete the Free Application for Federal
of each course/term; however, on-campus students in Student Aid (FAFSA);
traditional programs who are in need of a more flexible
• Complete a Master Promissory Note (MPN);
payment schedule may use the option (Level-Pay Plan)
below. Arrangements to participate in this plan must be • Complete a Loan Entrance Interview;
made with the Campus Business Office at the beginning of • Complete all related paperwork and
each term. documentation further requested by the
The University reserves the right to cancel the registration University; and
of any student whose account is delinquent. Diplomas or • Pay all applicable fees.
certificates will be withheld, graduation participation will
If the student fails to supply all required documents or
be delayed, and transcript of semester credits will not be
is unable to qualify for financial aid, the student is held
forwarded to another institution or potential employer
responsible for any outstanding balances incurred and
until all accounts with the University are paid in full.
must select another finance option. On this plan, it is
the student’s responsibility to reapply for funding as
Bankruptcy necessary. Students enrolled in On-Campus Traditional
Any student who files bankruptcy and has a debt to the Programs are encouraged to reapply each year by
University discharged as part of the bankruptcy must pay March 1, for the upcoming academic year. Students
his or her tuition balance in full upon future registration. enrolled in programs offered through the Center for
External Studies, must reapply 90 days prior to the start of
Payment Options each academic year. Tardiness in applying could result in
Ashford University offers a variety of options for covering disqualification and require compliance with the terms and
the costs of a student’s education. conditions of the Cash Plan.
Note: Under this plan for enrollment in nontraditional
Cash Plan
programs, continuous attendance with no attendance
The Cash Plan requires that 100% of applicable tuition,
breaks greater than 29 days is required to retain eligibility
room, board and any applicable fees be paid prior to each
for disbursed federal financial aid funds. The University
course start date. Students may choose to have tuition and/
may be required to return the federal funds of students
or fees automatically charged to a credit card (debit cards
with reduced financial aid eligibility due to attendance
are not accepted). Full cash payments must be made prior
breaks, leaving the student responsible to the University
to the start date of each course.
for the remaining balance on the student’s account.
Students are advised that credit cards are accepted as a Students in this situation who received excess funds
convenient method of payment. Credit cards bearing high stipend checks maybe required to return those funds
interest rates should not be used as a long-term financing to the institution. Students are strongly encouraged to
method for educational costs. Ashford University contact their Financial Services Advisor to understand the
encourages all students to utilize the free financial potential impact attendance changes may have on their
counseling provided by the Financial Aid Office. financial aid as far in advance as possible.

Financial Aid Plan Any student not completing the financial aid process in
The University will provide assistance to all students and advance of their last date of attendance forfeits eligibility
families who are eligible for financial aid. The University for financial assistance that might otherwise have been
provides a convenient online application process. This available during that period of enrollment, and becomes
process includes access to required financial aid forms, fully responsible for all remaining balances.
options for electronically signing the application, and
links to complete the Free Application for Federal Student Level-Pay Plan
Aid (FAFSA) and Master Promissory Note. All students (On-Campus Traditional Programs ONLY)
seeking federal financial aid benefits must be admitted The Level-Pay Plan offers students an opportunity to
to a financial-aid eligible degree program to determine spread the cost of tuition, fees, books, room, and board
financial aid eligibility. To select the Financial Aid Plan as (whichever are applicable) over the term. Additional
the primary financing option, at least 50% of a student’s details about this program can be obtained from the
annual tuition must be funded through the federal financial Campus Business Office.
aid benefits. To apply for the Financial Aid finance option,
the student must meet the following conditions:

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 39


Financial Information
Tuition Reimbursement Plan Military Veteran’s Benefits Plan
The Tuition Reimbursement Plan is available as a The Military VA Plan requires that all tuition and any
primary option if you qualify for your employer’s tuition applicable fees be paid prior to each course’s start date,
reimbursement program and if your employer reimburses with the exception of the first course in the student’s first
at least 50% of your annual tuition. academic year. Under this plan, tuition for the first course
Under this plan, tuition is deferred a maximum of 90 is deferred a maximum of 60 days from the course’s start
days from the course/term start date, regardless of when date, regardless of when the student receives disbursement
the student receives disbursement from the employer. from the Veterans’ Administration. Applicable fees are due
Applicable fees are due on or before the start date of on or before the start date of each course/term. To qualify,
each course/term. To qualify, prior to the start of the prior to the start of the course/term, students must submit
course/term, students must submit a signed Tuition a signed Student Finance Agreement form that includes
Reimbursement Certification and Authorization form a valid credit card number (debit cards are not accepted)
that includes a valid credit card number (debit cards are with authorization to charge the card if the tuition is not
not accepted) with authorization to charge the card if the paid within the 60-day time frame. The credit card must
tuition is not paid within the 90-day time frame. The credit be issued in the student’s name.
card must be issued in the student’s name. Automatic credit card payments are charged after the start
The conditions of this plan are not dependent upon the date of each course; otherwise, full cash payments must
receipt of a course grade or completion of the course. be made prior to the start date of each course. Credit card
Tuition must be paid in full 90 days after the start date of information will be requested of students selecting this
a course/term; otherwise, the student’s credit card will be option in order to establish credit for this plan.
automatically charged. If fees are not paid in full on or Documentation required for the Military VA Plan:
before the start date of a course/term, the student’s credit • Student Finance Agreement form; and
card will be automatically charged. A declined card will
automatically result in a late fee and an insufficient funds • Military VA Certification & Authorization form.
fee. Students who have two declined credit card payments
will be required to comply with the terms of the Cash Military Tuition Assistance Plan
Plan and will no longer qualify for the Tuition Ashford University is approved for active duty Military
Reimbursement Plan. Tuition Assistance. Students are required to submit Tuition
Assistance (TA) vouchers at least 5 days prior to the
Documentation required for the Tuition Reimbursement
start of each course. Any tuition and applicable fees not
Plan includes the following:
covered by the TA program must be paid prior to the start
• Student Financial Agreement form; and date of each course.
• Tuition Reimbursement Certification and Documentation required for the Military TA Plan:
Authorization form.
• Military Tuition Assistance Forms DD1556; and
Direct Bill Plan (Third-Party Billing) • Student Finance Agreement form.
Direct Bill Plans are available if Ashford University has
pre-approved a student’s employer or agency for direct Private Loan Plan
billing. At minimum, 50% of a student’s annual tuition Ashford University will work with any lender
must be paid by the employer or agency to be eligible for participating in private student loans a student wishes
this option. Any amounts not covered by the employer to provide. Students may also select from one of the
or agency must be paid prior to the start of each course. many lenders currently working with existing Ashford
The employer or agency must remit payment to Ashford University students (this information is available from
University within 90 days of the course start date. your Financial Services Advisor upon request). Ashford
Vouchers should be sent to directbill@ashford.edu five University and its staff are prohibited from accepting
days prior to the start of each course. Failure to supply remuneration or compensation from any institution
voucher or payment timely may result in disqualification providing loans to its students.
for Direct Bill Payment Plan. Documentation required for the Private Loan Plan:
Documentation required for Direct Bill Plan: • Student Finance Agreement form;
• Student Finance Agreement form; and • Completed Loan Application; and
• Company voucher approved by Ashford • Signed Promissory Note.
University or other authorized agency
tuition voucher.

40 Ashford University
Financial Information
Financial Aid Verification for Federal
The University is committed to the idea that no one Student Aid Eligibility
should be denied an education because of financial need. Students selected for verification of federal aid eligibility
The University will provide assistance to all students and must submit the required documentation, as determined by
families who are eligible for financial aid. In general, current federal regulations, before a financial aid package
financial aid is provided in the form of scholarships, is awarded. Students will be notified of the required
grants, and loans. Part-time work programs are available documentation needed to complete the verification
for students enrolled in On-Campus Traditional or process. After documents are reviewed, students will
ASPIRE programs. While some students may qualify for receive written notification of aid eligibility, generally
one type of financial assistance, others may qualify for a within two to three weeks from the date all documents are
combination of two or more programs. This “packaging” submitted to the Financial Aid Office.
of financial aid allows Ashford University to assist a The University reserves the right to adjust any aid package
larger number of students and to award aid suited to the when conflicting documentation exists, in accordance with
student’s individual needs. Each student may be expected federal regulations and institutional guidelines, or as a
to make a financial contribution toward educational result of any cutbacks in specific financial aid programs.
costs based on family circumstances and ability to pay. The University, however, will utilize all other available
The family’s share of the cost and eligibility for aid are aid resources for students whose packages are revised due
determined through the Free Application for Federal to any of the reasons outlined above.
Student Aid (FAFSA).
University Awards
How to Apply for Financial Aid (for On-Campus Traditional Programs)
Complete an application for admission to the University. The University awards institutional aid based on a
A student must be accepted by the University before a student’s demonstrated financial need and academic
financial aid award can be determined. Complete the record. For more information, please see our website
Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA), at www.ashford.edu or inquire in the Admissions or
and list the University (Code: 001881) as a college Financial Aid Offices.
to receive information. The University recommends
students enrolled in On-Campus Traditional Programs
are encouraged to apply each year by March 1, for the
State Aid Programs
Iowa Tuition Grants (lTG): Awarded by the State of Iowa
upcoming academic year. Students enrolled in programs
to assist Iowa residents who plan to attend an independent
offered through the Center for External Studies, must
college or university in Iowa. A student must be a resident
apply 90 days prior to the start of each academic year.
of Iowa and demonstrate financial need. The maximum
grant amount varies annually and may be available for
Free Application for Federal up to four years of full-time study. Students must file the
Student Aid (FAFSA) FAFSA by July 1.
This form is available online at www.fafsa.ed.gov . The
completed form should be signed electronically with your Iowa Grants (Available for On-Campus Traditional
PIN so that the student’s financial need can be evaluated. Programs Only): Awarded by the State of Iowa to students
who are residents of Iowa, show high financial need, and
All Iowa residents are encouraged to apply for an Iowa are enrolled for at least three semester hours at an Iowa
Tuition Grant (ITG) by indicating on the FAFSA that college. Awards range from $100−$1,000.
financial data should be sent to the Iowa College Student
Aid Commission. All paperwork for financial aid should Grants may be available in other states for students in
be received at the processing center by July 1 to be the Center for External Studies. Students are encouraged
eligible for an Iowa Tuition Grant and to allow maximum to inquire to the State Commissions where they reside
consideration for all aid from the University. and provide state grant information to the Financial
Aid Office.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 41


Financial Information
Federal Aid Programs minus all other financial aid and resources, directly
Federal Pell Grants: Federally funded grants for from participating commercial banks, savings and loan
undergraduate students who have not earned a bachelor’s associations, and credit unions. Repayment begins 60
or professional degree. These grants are based on financial days from the date the loan is fully disbursed, although
need and enrollment status at the University. Pell Grants some lenders allow deferment options. These loans are
provide a foundation of financial aid for many students subject to credit approval and are available only to aid
to which other aid may be added. To determine eligibility dependent students.
for Federal Pell Grants, the U.S. Department of Education Federal Graduate PLUS Loans (Available for Graduate
uses a standard formula to evaluate the information Programs Only): Long-term, low-interest unsubsidized
supplied to them from the student. This formula produces loans for graduate students. The student may borrow
an Expected Family Contribution (EFC) amount. The up to the cost of attendance, minus all other financial
amount a student receives depends on a student’s EFC, aid received, and after all Stafford Subsidized and
cost of attendance, status as either a full-time student or Unsubsidized loan eligibility has been exhausted. An
part-time student, and whether the student has attended eligible student may borrow directly from participating
school for a full academic year. Pell Grants are limited commercial banks, savings and loan associations, and
each award year in amounts depending upon program credit unions. Repayment begins 60 days from the date
funding and a maximum per-student amount. Grants are the loan is fully disbursed, although some lenders allow
currently awarded up to a maximum of $5,350 per year. deferment options. These loans are subject to credit
Federal Academic Competitiveness Grants (ACG): approval.
Federally funded grants for undergraduate students Federal Stafford Loans: Students may borrow directly
who are Pell Grant recipients and are enrolled in a from a participating bank, credit union, or savings and
two- or four-year degree program. Students must have loan association, regardless of financial need. To be
completed a rigorous high school program as defined by eligible for a loan, a student must be enrolled on at least a
the Department of Education and must self-certify on half-time basis. The Stafford Loan Program offers a lower
the FAFSA. In addition, first-year students may not have interest rate than many commercial loans. The federal
previously enrolled in an undergraduate program and government pays the interest on the loan while the student
must have completed high school after January 1, 2006. is in school for students who qualify for Subsidized
Second-year students must have completed high school Stafford Loans based on a demonstrated financial need.
after January 1, 2005, and must be maintaining a GPA of An origination/guarantee fee may be deducted from the
at least 3.0 in the current eligible program. Awards are student’s loan, dependent on the lender, to help reduce the
generally $750 for the first academic year and $1,300 federal cost of the interest subsidy. If a student does not
for the second academic year. Awards are not available demonstrate a financial need, the Unsubsidized Stafford
beyond the second academic year. Loan is available and does accrue interest while the
Federal SMART Grants (Available for On-Campus student is in school. Repayment begins six months after
Traditional Programs Only): Federally funded grants for the student graduates or is no longer enrolled at least half-
students who are Pell Grant recipients and are enrolled time, and up to 10 years may be allowed to repay the loan.
in the third- or fourth-year of an eligible program Applications are available from participating lenders.
maintaining a GPA of at least 3.0. Eligible programs are Federal College Work-Study Program (FCWS)
limited to science and math fields of study as defined by (Available for On-Campus Traditional and ASPIRE
the Department of Education. Awards are generally $4,000 Programs Only): Funded by the federal government
per academic year for the third- and fourth-year only. and the University. To be eligible, a student must have
Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants a documented financial need and maintain satisfactory
(FSEOG): Federally funded grants for undergraduate progress, as defined for financial assistance.
students with exceptional financial need. The University
determines who will receive an FSEOG based on factors
such as need and availability which may vary by session,
as determined by the Institution.
Federal Parent PLUS Loans (PLUS) (Available for
On-Campus Traditional Programs & Center for External
Studies): Long-term, low-interest rate loans made
available to eligible parents to help pay expenses at
an approved postsecondary educational institution. An
eligible parent may borrow up to the cost of attendance,

42 Ashford University
Financial Information

Subsidized/ Additional Unsubsidized


Federal Stafford Annual Loan Limits: Unsubsidized Limit Limit (Independent
(Dependent Students) Students ONLY)
1st Year Students
Campus Programs: 0–29 Credits $5,500 $4,000
Center for External Studies 0–23 Credits
2nd Year Students
Campus Programs: 30–59 Credits $6,500 $4,000
Center for External Studies 24–47 Credits
3rd & 4th Year Students
Campus Programs: 60 Credits or Greater $7,500 $5,000
Center for External Studies: 48 Credits or Greater
Graduate Students $8,500 $12,000

Federal Stafford Aggregate Loan Limits:


Additional Unsubsidized for
Subsidized/Unsubsidized Combined Total
Independent Students

Undergraduate $31,000  $34,500  $57,500

$65,500 $73,000 $138,500


Graduate (includes undergraduate (includes undergraduate (includes undergraduate
borrowing) borrowing) borrowing)

* A dependent student whose parent is denied a PLUS loan is allowed to borrow additional Unsubsidized Stafford
amounts equal to the amount that independent borrowers are able to borrow.

Ashford University Military Students enrolled in an undergraduate program offered


Veteran’s Tuition Grant through the On-Campus Traditional programs may be
Students enrolled in an Undergraduate program offered eligible for Ashford University’s U.S. Military Veteran’s
through the Center for External Studies may be eligible Tuition Grant. To receive the Ashford University U.S.
for Ashford University’s U.S. Military Veteran’s Tuition Military Veteran’s Tuition Grant, Veterans of the U.S.
Grant. To receive the Ashford University U.S. Military Armed Forces must be certified for VA Benefits through
Veteran’s Tuition Grant, Veterans of the U.S. Armed the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and by Ashford
Forces must be certified for VA Benefits through the University. Students should contact the Campus Financial
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and by Ashford Aid Office for additional information.
University. Grants are applicable to courses for which GI Bill Application Procedure: The student must obtain
tuition is in excess of $250 per credit hour. For courses the appropriate form(s) from www.gibill.va.gov under
with tuition of $354 per credit hour, the grant is $104 “Education Benefits.” Forms can be submitted online
per credit hour. In addition, this grant also covers the full directly to VA. The signature page from the appropriate
$990 Technology Services Fee. Tuition grants are only form(s) will need to be mailed directly to VA at
applied to an eligible student’s account upon receipt of an
VA Regional Office
approved VA certification. VA Classification of Ashford
PO Box 33860
University Students: Students enrolled in undergraduate
St. Louis, MO 63166-6830
programs offered through the Center for External Studies
are classified as three-quarter time. The only way to get Students must double check that their name and Social
the full-time payment rate is to double up on courses Security Number appear on the bottom of the signature
after successful completion of two courses with Ashford page. Ashford University requires a signed copy of
University. Students enrolled in graduate programs offered the appropriate completed form(s), as follows, for the
through the Center for External Studies are classified as student’s file:
full time.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 43


Financial Information
• 22-1990 (Application for VA Education Benefits) Ashford University Military Tuition Grant
for veteran students who are using their GI Bill Center for External Studies: Students enrolled in an
for the first time. undergraduate program offered through the Center
• 22-1995 (Change of Program/Training) for for External Studies may be eligible for the Ashford
veteran students who have used their GI Bill University Military Tuition Grant. Eligible students
benefits before. include Active Duty, National Guard, Reserves,
Department of Defense employees, and spouse of Active
• Chapter 35 Dependent/Spouse benefit forms are Duty, National Guard, or Reserves U.S. Military. To
available for each branch on the website below. receive the Ashford University Military Tuition Grant,
• DD-214 (Release from Duty). Ashford students must provide the University with an approved
University requires a copy of this form for the TA Authorization form or valid Military ID card. Grants
student’s file if available. This form does not are applicable to courses for which tuition is in excess of
hold up certification. $250 per credit hour. For courses with tuition of $354 per
The School’s certifying official will certify the student for credit hour, the grant is $104 per credit hour. In addition,
a year of courses on the VA-ONCE website. this grant also covers the full $990 Technology Services
Fee. Tuition grants are only applied to an eligible student’s
Procedures While Enrolled: account upon receipt of an approved TA Authorization
• After the student receives an award letter from form or valid Military ID card.
the VA, he/she is required to begin monthly self- Military Tuition Assistance Procedure:
verification of enrollment by the 30th of each
month. This is accomplished by using the Web • Military students must first complete the TA
Automated Verification of Enrollment (WAVE) Application form, which can be found under the
or by Interactive Voice Response (IVR). Education tab;
WAVE = www.gibill.va.gov • The TA Application form must be received before
IVR = 877-823-2378 the fee waiver or course cost adjustments will be
Click the link to WAVE applied. TA vouchers must be received by the
fifth day of each course.
• Students should allow 10 to 12 weeks after
completion of all paperwork to receive the • Once the TA Application form has been received
first payment, which will be based on by the Ashford University Military Tuition
certification beginning with the student’s Assistance Office, an invoice will be sent to the
first date of eligible attendance in an Ashford military. A copy of this invoice may be mailed or
University degree program. Subsequent faxed to the student upon request.
payments should be received monthly, as per • After command approval has been received, the
the VA Office’s processes. student digitally signs the TA Application form
• Payment of VA benefits may be mailed directly and then sends it by fax or email to:
to the student. Students are responsible for Ashford University
paying Ashford University tuition and fees at the Military Tuition Assistance
start of each course, unless there is alternative, MilitaryTA@Ashford.edu
approved financial aid. Payment by Direct On-Campus Traditional: Students enrolled in an
Deposit/Electronic Funds Transfer is strongly undergraduate program offered through the On-Campus
encouraged. Payments are sent directly to student Traditional Programs may be eligible for the Ashford
savings or checking account. To establish or University Military Tuition Grant. Eligible students
change direct deposit information, students include Active Duty, National Guard, Reserves,
should click on the ‘Direct Deposit Enrollment Department of Defense employees, and spouse of Active
Form’ link after they have logged into WAVE. Duty, National Guard, or Reserves U.S. Military. To
Changes and enrollments are usually processed receive the Ashford University Military Tuition Grant,
the next business day. students must provide the University with an approved TA
• The University’s VA Certifying Official will Authorization form or valid Military ID card. Students
report course drops and withdrawals to the VA should contact the Campus Financial Aid office.
on a weekly basis. Course drops may affect
eligibility for VA benefits.

44 Ashford University
Financial Information
Military Tuition Assistance Procedure: Financial Aid Specific to the
• Military students must first complete the TA Center for External Studies
Authorization form, which can be found under Undergraduate Programs
the Education tab;
Definitions
• The TA Authorization form must be received
Week = 7 calendar days
before the fee waiver or course cost adjustments
will be applied. TA vouchers must be received Academic/Financial Aid Award Year Definition = 40
prior to the first class date of each term. weeks of instructional time and 24 earned credits
• Once the TA Authorization form has been Financial Aid Payment/Disbursement Period = Minimum
received by the Ashford University Campus 20 weeks of instructional time and 12 earned credits
Financial Aid Office, an invoice will be sent Block/Course = 5 weeks of instructional time
to the military. A copy of this invoice may be
mailed or faxed to the student upon request. Loan Disbursement Information
• After command approval has been received, the Loan periods are two terms in length, unless students
student digitally signs the TA Authorization form. begin at the mid-point of a term; then the loan period will
The form should be faxed to (563)-242-8684 or run for 2 ½ terms.
delivered to the Campus Financial Aid Office. Loan periods are 40 calendar weeks in length. The
beginning of the loan period will coincide with the date a
Book Benefits for Eligible Military student begins coursework.
Books, including standard shipping costs, required for an
The first disbursement will be delivered on or after the
eligible student’s program of study and purchased through
start date of the course, depending upon completion of the
Ashford University’s bookstore or textbook partner will
financial aid paperwork.
be covered by Ashford University. Students enrolled in
undergraduate or graduate level programs who meet one The second disbursement will be delivered once a student
of the criteria below may certify their eligibility to receive has successfully completed at least 12 undergraduate-
this benefit. level credits. A student must also be registered for and
start the next class, and at least half of the loan period (20
Eligible Military Status:
weeks) must have passed. Grades of “W,” “WF,” “*I,” or
• Active Duty “F” do not count toward successfully completed courses.
• National Guard Grades of “D+,” “D,” or “D-” that do not count towards
successful completion of required competency courses
• Reserves
and thus must be repeated, also do not count toward
• Veterans/Retired successfully completed courses. In addition, students who
(eligible for VA education benefits) are required or choose to repeat courses in which they
• Spouse of Active Duty/Nat Guard/Reserve earned a grade of “C,” will not have the repeated course
counted toward successfully completed courses.
• Department of Defense Employee
A student may receive a second loan once these conditions
Students taking a break of greater than 29 days in have been met:
enrollment will be asked to recertify eligibility for book
benefits and/or military tuition grant by faxing a copy of • The initial 40-week loan period has ended.
their military ID card indicating a future expiration date or • The student has completed at least 40 weeks
other appropriate verification. of non-concurrent instructional time. This may
take longer than the 40-week loan period if the
Other Available Financial Aid student does not remain continuously enrolled in
Alternative loans may be available in addition to aid sequential courses.
programs listed. Students may request information • The student has successfully completed at least
through the Financial Aid Office or by speaking with their 24 undergraduate-level credits and is registered
Financial Services Advisor. Scholarships, grants, and for another course. Grades of “W,” “WF,”
loans are also made by private organizations. Students “*I,” or “F” do not count toward successfully
should check with their high school, area civic groups, completed courses. Grades of “D+,” “D,”
businesses, and churches to determine availability. or “D-” that do not count towards successful

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 45


Financial Information
completion of required competency courses and A student may receive a second loan once these conditions
thus must be repeated, also do not count toward have been met:
successfully completed courses. In addition, • The initial 36-week loan period has ended.
students who are required or choose to repeat
courses in which they earned a grade of “C,” • The student has completed at least 36 weeks
will not have the repeated course counted toward of non-concurrent instructional time. This may
successfully completed courses. take longer than the 36-week loan period if the
student does not remain continuously enrolled in
*Note: Once a grade of “I” is successfully completed sequential courses.
for a permanent grade as outlined above, the course will
count towards successful completion. • The student has successfully completed at least
18 graduate-level credits and is registered for
Tuition Payment and Financial Aid another course. Grades of “W,” “WF,” “*I,” or
Each financial aid disbursement is intended to cover “F” do not count toward successfully completed
tuition costs for at least 12 undergraduate-level credits. courses. In addition, students who are required
However, students who do not meet the criteria listed or choose to repeat courses in which they earned
above for receipt of loan funds may be required to pay a grade of “C” will not have the repeated course
for more than the minimum number of courses before a counted toward successfully completed courses.
subsequent disbursement is available. *Note: Once a grade of “I” is successfully completed
Students who do not consistently register for for a permanent grade as outlined above, the course will
sequential courses may not be eligible for financial aid count towards successful completion.
disbursements.
Tuition Payment and Financial Aid
Each financial aid disbursement is intended to cover
Financial Aid Specific to the Center for
tuition costs for at least 9 graduate-level credits. However,
External Studies Graduate Programs students who do not meet the criteria listed above for
Definitions receipt of loan funds may be required to pay for more
Week = 7 calendar days than the minimum number of courses before a subsequent
disbursement is available.
Academic/Financial Aid Award Year Definition = 36
weeks of instructional time and 18 earned credits Types of Aid Available for Graduate Students:
Financial Aid Payment/Disbursement Period = Minimum • Federal Stafford Loan
18 weeks of instructional time and 9 earned credits • Students may request information about
Block/Course = 6 weeks of instructional time alternative loans through the Financial Aid
Office.
Loan Qualifications and Disbursement Graduate Stafford Loan Limits:
Loan periods are 36 calendar weeks in length. The • Subsidized $8,500.00
beginning of the loan period will coincide with the date a
student begins coursework. • Unsubsidized $12,000.00
The first disbursement will be delivered on or after the • Maximum Lifetime Loan Limit $138,500.00
start date of the course, depending upon completion of the • Maximum Lifetime Aggregate Subsidized Loan
financial aid paperwork. Limit $65,500
The second disbursement will be delivered once a • Maximum Lifetime Aggregate Unsubsidized
student has successfully completed at least 9 graduate- Loan Limit $73,000
level credits. A student must also be registered for and • A borrower who has reached his or her aggregate
start the next class, and at least half of the loan period borrowing limit may not receive additional loans.
(18 weeks) must have passed. Grades of “W,” “WF,”
“*I,” or “F” do not count toward successfully completed
courses. In addition, students who are required or choose
to repeat courses in which they earned a grade of “C” will
not have the repeated course counted toward successfully
completed courses.

46 Ashford University
Financial Information
University Refund and Repayment Policies Special Circumstances
The following policies govern refunds to students in Students called to active duty in the Armed Forces of the
case of course drop, withdrawal, or dismissal from the United States or leaving the University because of illness
University. Students who do not have federal financial aid or other causes beyond their control may receive special
will have their charges and financial credits assessed in consideration. Each case will be considered individually
accordance with the refund policy. Any nonfederal aid will based upon the special circumstances involved. Tuition,
be prorated and refunded using the same percentages in room, and board refunds may be authorized on a pro rata
the refund policy. No refund will be made if the student’s basis or such other adjustments as considered necessary in
withdrawal date occurs after 60% of the enrollment period those circumstances. Decisions are solely at the discretion
has passed. of the University and are final.

Institutional Tuition Refund Policy Dismissal/Expulsion


Students whose last date of attendance (LDA) for a class Students dismissed or expelled from the University are
or semester, as outlined in the chart below, is during the not authorized refunds of any kind other than those
indicated week will receive the tuition credit indicated. provided by the withdrawal policy. Any financial aid
Classes for On-campus Traditional terms begin on available to a student who has been dismissed will
Monday and end on Friday. Classes in the Center for be based on the student’s dismissal date and will be
External Studies Undergraduate and Graduate programs calculated accordingly.
begin on Tuesday and end on Monday of each week.
If a student drops on or before the start date of a course,
a 100% refund of the total cost of the course, excluding
books, materials, administrative fees, student services
fees, technology services fees, orientation fees, and other
fees applies.
Tuition refunds/credits are based upon class or semester
length as outlined below.
Return of Title IV is based on the length of the
payment period.

Ashford University Tuition Refund Schedule


*Refund percentage applied based on week of last date of
attendance (LDA)

Course 1st * 2nd * 3rd * 4th * 5th* 6th* 7th* 8th* 9th* 10th*
Program Length week week week week week week week week week week
Semester-Based Programs
(On-Campus Traditional Format) 16 100% 100% 80% 60% 60% 60% 40% 40% 40% 0%
Refund % by Semester LDA
Semester-Based 8-Week Format
(On-Campus ASPIRE,
8 100% 50% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% N/A N/A
On-Campus Traditional Formats)
Refund % by Course LDA
Nonterm-Based Graduate
Level Programs
6 100% 50% 0% 0% 0% 0% N/A N/A N/A N/A
(Online, On-Campus ASPIRE Formats)
Refund % by Course LDA
Nonterm-Based Undergraduate
Level Programs
5 100% 50% 0% 0% 0% N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
(Online, On-Campus ASPIRE Formats)
Refund % by Course LDA

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 47


Financial Information
Federal Financial Aid Refunds/Repayments Students who do not have federal financial aid will have
The U.S. Department of Education requires every their charges and financial credits assessed in accordance
institution participating in Title IV Federal Financial Aid with the University Refund Policy. Any nonfederal aid
Programs to have a fair and equitable refund policy. Under and/or personal payments will be refunded according to
this policy, the institution is required to refund unearned the Refund Policy.
tuition to a student who withdraws or otherwise fails to
complete the period of enrollment for which the federal Ashford University Alumni Tuition Grant
aid was intended. Application fees are waived for the students who have
graduated from an Ashford University degree program and
The University uses the prorated refund policy defined
wish to apply for another degree.
by governmental regulations. This refund equals that
portion of tuition, fees, and any other charges assessed Associate’s to Bachelor’s: Students who graduate
to the student by the institution until the date a student from an Ashford University Associate’s degree program
withdraws, minus any unpaid charges owed by the and enroll in an Ashford University Bachelor’s degree
student. No federal refund is required if the student’s last program are eligible for an Alumni Tuition Grant. To
date of attendance occurs after 60% of the enrollment be eligible for the grant, students must successfully
period has passed. complete four attempted courses after matriculation into
a Bachelor’s degree program. The tuition grant will then
If a student withdraws completely from the University
be applied to the student’s account in the amount of tuition
prior to the first 60% of the payment period, it is very
charged for the fifth attempted course.
likely a portion of the financial aid the student received
will be required to be returned to the federal government. Bachelor’s to Master’s: Students who graduate from
The calculations for determining how much aid must an Ashford University Bachelor’s degree program and
be returned is based on the date the student begins the enroll in an Ashford University Master’s degree program
withdrawal process from Ashford University. If the are eligible for an Alumni Tuition Grant. To be eligible
student withdraws completely from the University after for the grant, students must successfully complete three
the 60%, the student is entitled to retain aid received. attempted courses after matriculation into a Master’s
Any student considering withdrawing should consult with degree program. The tuition grant will then be applied to
the Financial Aid Office to discuss the effects on loan the student’s account in the amount of tuition charged for
eligibility. These effects vary depending on the student’s the fourth attempted course.
program of study. It is important, if a student does need
to leave school, to complete the official withdrawal Questions About Financial Aid
process and fully understand the financial implications of Students should call, write, or visit the Financial Aid
disruptions to continuous attendance. Office for help in completing forms, answering questions,
As a result of these requirements, all or part of the federal and explaining the award process. The Financial Aid
and institutional funds awarded to a student may need to Office telephone number for On-Campus Traditional
be repaid to their respective programs. Repayments due Programs is (563) 242-4023, ext. 7727; the fax number for
to Title IV programs will be reimbursed in the following On-Campus Traditional Programs is (563) 242-8684.
sequence*: The Financial Services telephone number for students in
the Center for External Studies is (866) 974-5700.
1. Unsubsidized Federal Loans
2. Subsidized Federal Loans
3. Perkins Loan (where applicable)
4. Federal PLUS Loans
5. Federal Pell Grant
6. Academic Competitiveness Grant (ACG)
7. National SMART Grant
8. Federal SEOG
*This sequence may be revised without notice to conform
to new federal regulations.

48 Ashford University
On-Campus Student Services
Ashford University has a commitment to the educational
Section Five goals of a regional, national, and international
student population. This mission, shared by the entire
University community, is that students live and learn
in an environment that fosters a supportive and caring
community. The Student Success Office makes every
attempt to meet the needs of the University’s globally
diverse students through various programs designed to
enhance the experience of all students.
The University provides a wide range of student-centered
services. Many are part of the Office of Student Success,
while others are provided elsewhere throughout the
University. Services provided are detailed below.

Office of Student Success


The Office of Student Success develops, implements, and
continually evaluates the University’s living and learning
programs and services offered to University students.
These programs and services are actively integrated
throughout the University and encompass values that

Campus
enhance and enrich the moral, intellectual, spiritual,
and psychological growth of the whole student. The
office includes the Director of Student Success, Career

Student Life Development and Activities, Student Success Activities,


Residence Life, Alumni, Campus Security, University
Retention Services, Career Lab, Student Center, Clare’s
Corner, Orientation, and Health Service Referrals.
The Student Success Office coordinates the on-campus
student ID/Access Cards, health insurance forms, and
campus postings of signs. Students are encouraged to
contact the Student Success Office with any questions
or concerns.

Career Development and Activities


The Career Development and Activities Office offers
resources related to career exploration, employment, job-
seeking techniques, sample resumes, cover letters, and
career testing. A career services bulletin board is updated
regularly and lists full-time, part-time, and temporary
employment opportunities from worldwide employers
as well as internships. Job postings and internships are
also located on our website at www.ashford.edu. In
addition, directories of public, private, and nonprofit
industries, state, and regional school districts, federal
and international career opportunities, internships, and
summer jobs are available for student use.
The Career Development and Activities Office also
provides individualized career planning assistance to all
students and alumni. Through career testing, individuals
may explore their interests, abilities, values, and job
realities, while identifying career options and goals.
Annually, the office may host a career lecture series

49
Campus Student Life
and themed interview weeks to provide assistance with • Providing opportunities for residents to
placement opportunities, interview experience, job experience a balance of educational, recreational,
shadows, and the opportunity to explore the current job cultural, and social programs within the halls;
market. Services are also provided via career services and
workshops on a variety of career-related topics and • Encouraging residents to govern themselves,
networking opportunities with alumni. Participation at within their living and learning environments, by
regional job fairs can be arranged through the Career providing guidelines and regulations.
Development and Activities Office, and the office also
hosts Homecoming in the fall and local alumni nights in The University residence halls are available to all
and around the community. members of the University on-campus community.
The halls provide lounges, reception, and living
Residence Life accommodations for all residential students. Durham
The Residence Life Program seeks to create a living and Hall and Regis Hall serve the residential needs of the
learning environment in which students, faculty, and staff University. All rooms are equipped with beds, storage
benefit from the scholarly exchange of insights, ideas, space, desks, and chairs. Each room is Internet and cable
and experiences. To this end, the University adheres to a ready. Indoor and outdoor recreational facilities, designed
residence requirement to provide adequate time for such to enhance the living and learning environment, are
an exchange and for the student’s development both inside centrally located and open to all residents of the campus
and outside the classroom. See Residence Life Handbook community (e.g., sand volleyball, basketball, etc.).
for more information regarding Residence Life policies. Students are strongly encouraged to play an active role in
The residence halls are an integral part of the total all aspects of the hall’s functioning. Hall Council fosters
education program for students. Therefore, to develop a community within and between each hall through a
student-centered, group-living experience that encourages governing structure that includes student staff members,
self-responsibility for decisions, behaviors, and a sense residents of each hall, and the Director of Residence Life.
of community among all residents, students need to HC is an organization that serves as the representative
comply with all policies and regulations. Each resident, body for resident students and provides many excellent
as a member of the overall residence hall community, is opportunities for students to become involved. A liaison
required to attend all hall and floor meetings. between the Residence Life Office and the residents, HC
provides the residence hall community with educational,
The philosophy of the Residence Life Program is designed social, cultural, and programming opportunities.
to complement and enhance the educational mission of the
University. This philosophy is based on self-governance Missing Student Notification
within a matrix that includes the Student Success staff, the It is the obligation of the entire University community to
Student Code of Conduct, the Residence Life staff, and immediately report a student who has been missing for
the Hall Council (HC). Within this structure, the Director 24 hours to the Office of Student Success. Please read the
of Residence Life fosters self-governance by working Health and Safety section of this Catalog to review the
closely with the residents, student staff, and HC as an complete missing student notification policy.
educator, mediator, and advisor. The Director oversees
the Resident Advisors/Assistants and HC, as well as the Children’s Services
development and implementation of residential policies in The University offers, at a cost and when space is
conjunction with the Director of Student Success. available, a drop-in child care program for children 3 to 6
years of age. The child care service is available weekdays
The overall Residence Life Program is committed to: from 7:00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m., during the school year only.
• Providing a support system of professional staff The University offers a preschool for children ages 3 to 5.
and paraprofessional student staff who work to Two-hour morning and afternoon sessions are available
promote respect for individual differences, while from Labor Day to Memorial Day. All children must meet
encouraging residents to meet academic goals state eligibility requirements and provide all required
and the many social and emotional needs of a documentation.
positive University residence hall community; Individuals interested in registering a child for a program
• Placing an emphasis on living and learning as a should contact Ashford Children’s Center, located on the
community, while teaching residents how to take first floor of the Science Building, at (563) 242-4023, ext.
responsibility for their own actions and resolving 2100 for more information.
their own problems;

50 Ashford University
Campus Student Life
Student Center Food Service
The collegiate center is the Student Center, which is The food service at the University is operated by
designed for meetings, social events, and an opportunity AmeriServe, Inc. AmeriServe operates two dining
to gather, socialize, and relax. The Student Center features options for the University, the main dining hall and
a television lounge, a commuter lounge, and a game room Clare’s Corner.
located adjacent to the bookstore. Clare’s Corner provides
a snack bar environment for all students and it serves as an Main Dining Hall
alternative dining option for residential students. Vending Payment for a meal is required for admission to the Dining
machines and a microwave are also available for student Hall. Meals are served primarily in the Dining Hall (lower
use. Students who use the lounge are asked to respect the level of St. Clare Hall) during the following times (dining
rights of others by keeping the area neat and clean. hours and services are subject to change and may not be
available during scheduled holidays and breaks):
Departments, organizations, or individuals wishing to
schedule an activity, event, or information table within the Monday - Friday:
Student Center must contact the Student Success Office Breakfast 7:30 a.m. - 9:00 a.m.
for reservation information. Continental Breakfast 9:00 a.m. - 9:30 a.m.
Lunch 11:15 a.m. - 2:45 p.m.
Durgin Educational Center Salad & Sandwich 12:45 p.m. - 1:15 p.m.
The Durgin Educational Center includes the University Dinner 4:45 p.m. - 6:00 p.m. (Monday - Thursday)
gymnasium (Kehl Arena) and the Golinvaux Fitness Dinner 4:45 p.m. - 5:45 p.m. (Friday)
Center and provides facilities and equipment for Saturday - Sunday:
recreational and physical education activities, both
organized and informal. Brunch 11:00 a.m. - 12:30 p.m.
Dinner 4:45 p.m. - 6:00 p.m.
The University gymnasium is open for student use,
dependent on scheduling; physical education classes, The University board program provides three meals per
intercollegiate athletics, and intramural athletics shall have weekday, Monday–Friday, and brunch and dinner on the
first priority for use. Special events occasionally require weekend. All resident students must participate in the
the temporary closing of specific areas. Students should University’s board program plan. Each meal, whether it
check the area bulletin boards or ask at the athletics is breakfast, lunch, or dinner, is deducted from the total
offices regarding any closings. Some athletic equipment is number of meals. Unused meals are not carried over and
available for student use and can be obtained through the are nonrefundable and nontransferable.
Athletics Department. No food or tableware can be taken from the main Dining
The Golinvaux Fitness Center offers state-of-the-art Hall. Requests for meals for resident students who are ill
facilities for full body workout and exercise including free or who have university-related conflicts must be made
weights, Nautilus equipment, plyometric boxes, aerodyne through the Food Service Director.
bicycles, an elliptical machine, and a treadmill. Hours Special diets: If you have any special dietary needs, food
will be posted. The Fitness Center is closed during all service will attempt to tailor a program to those needs.
University athletic home events at Kehl Arena. Students Please inform the Food Service Director in writing.
should check the Fitness Center bulletin board for event Vegetarian and low-fat items are always offered on the
schedules and facility closings. daily menu.
The Fitness Center is open only to the following Nonresident/commuter students wishing to eat in the
individuals: registered Ashford University students, main Dining Hall may purchase a meal plan or pay for
alumni of the University who have an earned degree, and each meal at the door before entering. Contact the Student
faculty/staff of the University and their families. Upon Success Office for more information.
request, a valid Ashford University student ID/Access A valid Ashford University student ID/Access Card must
Card must be presented for admission to the Fitness be presented by resident students for admission to the
Center and to all other areas of the Durgin Educational Dining Hall. Lost or stolen IDs should be reported to the
Center. (Family members under the age of 16 must be Student Success Office immediately. Replacement cards
accompanied by an adult.) may be obtained for a fee.
Note: Use of Durgin Educational Center is allowed only
during posted hours, with the exception of sports teams
supervised by coaching staff.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 51


Campus Student Life
Clare’s Corner General Hours of Campus Facilities
Clare’s Corner offers a snack bar environment for all General campus office hours are 8:00 a.m. until 4:30 p.m.
students and it serves as an alternative dining option for Monday through Friday. Hours of operation for
residential students. Residential students may use their each department and facility will be updated and posted
student ID/Access Card in Clare’s Corner under their on campus throughout the academic year. No one will
meal plan offered by the University. Commuter students be allowed to use a campus facility after the posted
may either purchase food items or utilize the vending hours end.
machines. A microwave is also available for student use.
Clare’s Corner operates during the following times Student Activities
(services are subject to change and may not be available Students attending the University can choose from a
during scheduled holidays and breaks): variety of activities to participate in as part of their
Monday - Thursday: 10:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. University experience. Some of these activities are
detailed below.
Friday: 10:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.

University Bookstore Student Success Activities Office


Course textbooks, school supplies, University The Student Success Activities Office provides support,
memorabilia (including insignia clothing and souvenirs), resources and advice to assist students in planning
and limited personal supplies are available at the programs and developing organization and leadership
University Bookstore. skills. The office works closely with the Director of
Student Success, the Student Government Association,
Bookstore Refund Policy and student organizations in the programming of student
Textbooks purchased at the beginning of each semester activities.
may be returned for full refund, subject to the following The Student Success Activities Office is also responsible
conditions: for coordinating many of the University’s “learning
• Students have until the last day of the drop/add and living” co-curricular activities and events, both on
deadline to request a refund. and off campus. The philosophy of the office centers
• Books to be returned must be accompanied by on a holistic approach to education, one in which high
the receipt of purchase. standards and expectations are placed upon students
toward the development of mind, body, and soul. The
• New books must be free of all markings and in
office’s key principle is that of community involvement: a
original wrap (if originally wrapped).
concept through which students, faculty, and staff actively
• Defective books will be replaced. participate in the mission of the University, shaping its
image and making the student’s University experience
Buyback Policy even more meaningful and successful for all members of
During the last two days of final exams at the end of each the community.
semester, the Bookstore will hold a textbook buyback
opportunity. Students should bring all textbooks to the Student Success Activities Office events include Welcome
buyback unless the books will be kept for future reference. Week and Homecoming. The office also coordinates
Textbooks will be purchased at 50% of the student’s events such as movie nights, bowling, comedians, and
purchase price if the following conditions exist: other such entertainment. Additionally, the Student
• the book will be required during the following Success Activities Office provides support services and
semester; resources to all students and student clubs in the area of
leadership development. The Career Development and
• the Bookstore is not overstocked on the textbook; Activities Coordinator also assists the Director of Student
• books must be in resale condition. The Bookstore Success in advising the Student Government Association
reserves the right to refuse to buyback books if and coordinating new student orientation. Additionally,
such books are not in resalable condition. the Office works directly with the Student Success Office,
Workbooks, lab manuals, mass market paperbacks, and Student Government Association, intramural athletics,
study guides will not be bought back by the Bookstore. student organizations, and other clubs in coordinating
campus activities and events.
The Bookstore has no guarantee that all of the student’s
textbooks will be bought for 50% of the purchase price.
New editions and the selections of textbooks for student
use are beyond the control of the University Bookstore
management.

52 Ashford University
Campus Student Life
Student Government Association Campus Organizations
The Ashford University Student Government Association The University offers many opportunities for students to
provides a means of expression for the student body and become involved in clubs and organizations on campus.
an opportunity for students to participate in and share the Campus organizations include, but are not limited to,
responsibility for student life. All students automatically service organizations, religious groups, special interest
become members of the Student Government Association groups, special event planning committees, support
with their payment of the University activity fee. The groups, honor societies, and recreation clubs. Anyone
nonrefundable activity fees comprise the budget of the interested in forming a club or organization on campus
University Student Government Association. The activity should contact the Student Success Activities Office
fees subsidize the cost of events sponsored by the Student for more information. The following list represents
Government Association. organizations active on the University campus:
The Student Government Association is the representative Campus Pals: Mentors at risk middle school students
body of the students and directs student elections, with their homework and offer leadership activities to the
social and cultural activities, and special events. Any students.
department, group, or individual who wishes to sponsor Concert Choir: Auditioned vocal ensembles open to
an entertainment or social activity for students is asked students from all majors. The group rehearses three
to coordinate the event with the Student Government times weekly and performs a wide variety of works from
Association. For more information, contact the Student western to popular music. The performing schedule has
Government Association President or the Career included madrigal dinners and a spring tour as well as a
Development and Activities Coordinator. variety of concerts, both on- and off-campus.
The Student Government Association consists of the Crème de la Crème: A service sorority that is the premier
following: organization for young women at AU. The purpose
• The Executive Officers, who are elected in of the organization is learning, developing, nurturing
the spring of the previous academic year. The and maximizing the member’s leadership potential as
Student Government Association, along with the individuals and professionals.
Career Development and Activities Coordinator, Fine Arts Club: An organization that unites the University
shall decide the number and specific titles of community members who have an affinity for artistic
these positions. expression and organizes, with collective effort, a
• The Senators representing a cross-section of company of performers from all arenas of art to convey,
the student body. These representatives are not teach, entertain, and communicate to one another and to
elected but make a personal commitment to the the University community the causes and effects of
Student Government Association. artistic expression.
• One representative from each recognized campus Hall Council: The governing body of the University
club/organization. residents, whose members include all students living in
Student Government Association Mission Statement Durham Hall and Regis Hall. Hall Council promotes a
We are dedicated to representing the student body with living environment conducive to the improvement of the
integrity, by the following standards: residents’ academic, social, cultural, spiritual, and physical
welfare. Officers are elected in the spring semester, and
• We are dedicated to a commitment to our vision representatives from each floor are appointed early in
while creating partnerships with a sense of the fall.
personhood.
Inspirational Choir: Performance choir focusing on
• We are dedicated to knowing the strengths and gospel music which is open to all majors.
weaknesses of ourselves and applying them
while keeping the diversity of the students Latin American Student Organization (L.A.S.O.): A
in mind. group promoting activism, advocacy and raises awareness
about Latin American issues; organizes events that
• We are dedicated to being academically and provide information about the cultural richness of Latin
socially sound role models. America.
• We are dedicated to an awareness of diversity and Mu Omega Sigma Fraternity: A group of young men
take pride and embrace our differences. who work with other AU students and at-risk students in
• We are dedicated to the intellectual and the community to encourage their success in earning an
emotional growth of ourselves and the student education.
body we represent.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 53


Campus Student Life
Phi Beta Lambda: A national organization for students Honor Societies: University students are academically
interested in a business career. Members tour businesses; recognized through the following honor societies:
invite business people to chapter meetings; compete in • Junior/Senior Honor Society: Recognizes and
state, regional, and national business contests; and become encourages scholarship among juniors and
involved in other business-related activities. seniors. Membership is extended to full-time
Ping Pong Association: Group of students who want to juniors and seniors who have completed at least
play ping-pong playing at AU and to compete with other one semester at the University and have attained
organizations, colleges, and universities. a semester grade point average of 3.50 or better.
Spirit Club: Helps cheer on the AU Saints athletic teams Thereafter, the student must maintain a grade
and promotes university spirit during other events. point average of 3.20.
Student Ambassadors (SA): Under the direction of the • Lambda Sigma Society: A national honors
Admissions Office, Student Ambassadors serve as links society that recognizes scholarship, service, and
between current students, prospective students, and leadership in sophomores. Membership in the
alumni, developing a strong networking system. Alpha Upsilon chapter is extended to full-time
sophomores who have completed at least one
Student Iowa State Education Association (SISEA): freshman semester at the University and have
A student organization devoted to helping fulfill attained a semester grade point average of 3.20
the mission of its parent organization, the National or better.
Education Association (NEA). The Iowa State Education
Association (ISEA), NEA, and SISEA promote the cause • Mu Sigma Eta: A society composed of honor
of quality public education and advance the profession of students from the fields of biology, chemistry,
education; expand the rights and further the interests of and mathematics. This organization promotes the
educational employees; and advocate human, civil, and scientific development of it members. Admission
economic rights for all. SISEA membership encompasses is by faculty invitation.
local, state, and national levels and allows members to
participate in cooperative work on the problems of the Athletics
profession and the community as they prepare for
teaching careers.
Intercollegiate Athletics
Athletic activities at the University include men’s and
Wind Ensemble: A select instrumental ensemble open to women’s basketball, soccer, track and field, and golf;
students from all majors, faculty/staff of the University, men’s baseball; and women’s softball and volleyball. The
and interested community members. Members need to University is a member of the National Association of
display a competency on their chosen instruments. The Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) and the Midwest Classic
wind ensemble meets weekly in regularly scheduled Conference. To participate in intercollegiate sports, a
rehearsals and establishes its own performance schedule. student must be enrolled in a minimum of 12 institutional
credit hours, attain the prescribed grade point average,
Other Campus Activities and have accumulated a specified number of credit hours.
Other activities on campus include, but are not limited to, Details regarding athletic eligibility may be found in the
the following: Athletic Handbook or by contacting the Athletics Office.
Artists’ Series: The University may offer a full calendar
of performing artists throughout the school year. Students Intramural Athletics
may attend at no charge and frequently receive class credit The intramural program is intended to allow all current
for attendance. students, faculty, staff, and their spouses to become
involved in recreational activities regardless of skill
Lecture Series: The University sponsors several lectures
level or past experience, in order to develop a lifetime
each year. The traditional Matriculation Ceremony held
interest in recreational activities and to maintain a healthy
in the fall, which features a speaker, formally begins
lifestyle. The intramural program is student run and is
the academic year and welcomes new students into the
coordinated by the Student Success Activities Office.
University community. The annual Sr. Cortona Phelan
In addition to participating, students serve as event
lecture series features a guest lecturer to speak about a
supervisors, league commissioners, officials, floor athletic
topic related to the University’s heritage, causes, and
directors, and team captains. For more information contact
philosophy. The Bonaventure lecture series showcases
the Student Success Activities Office.
faculty members in their area of expertise. Guest lecturers
are also frequently invited to campus to enhance the
instruction in individual classes.

54 Ashford University
Campus Student Life
General Campus Information Office reserves the right to remove any item(s) posted
improperly. Requirements for the posting of signs and
Campus ID/Access Cards posters are shown below.
Each student receives a campus Student ID/Access Card. • Signs and posters may be displayed on designated
Access Cards are generally obtained through the Student bulletin boards, cork strips, or non-painted surfaces
Success Office at the beginning of each semester. The only. Posting is prohibited on campus buildings,
campus Access Card is required for electronic building trees, cars, sign posts, windows, glass doors, and
access after normal business hours; check out of Library painted surfaces without special permission from
materials; admission to University social, cultural, and the Student Success Office.
athletic events; access to the University Fitness Center;
and access to the Dining Hall for those students on a board • Please use masking tape (not transparent tape),
plan. The Access Card also entitles the holder to reduced tacks, or appropriate hardware to display signs and
rates for City of Clinton bus passes. posters. All signs and posters should be removed
within 24 hours after the event advertised.
An Access Card is nontransferable. Suspension of activity
privileges and access to the Dining Hall and Fitness • Items posted should be legible and attractive.
Center may be imposed if an Access Card is used by The club, organization, or event moderator
anyone other than the person to whom it was issued. should check signs/posters made by students for
grammar, spelling, and appropriateness of content.
Replacement Access Cards may be obtained through the
Student Success Office; a $40.00 fee will be charged for • The posting of notices and/or advertisements that
replacement cards. A student who withdraws from the include the sponsorship, distribution, consumption
University must return his/her campus Access Card to the or sale of alcohol at an event/function, whether
Student Success Office. held on or off campus, is strictly prohibited. The
distribution of such notices and/or advertisements
Student Mailboxes into campus mailboxes is prohibited.
All undergraduate students are assigned a campus mailbox. Note: Prior to posting, employment notices, job openings,
This mailbox may remain the same for the duration of the and other career-related items must be approved by the
time a student is enrolled at the University. Faculty, staff, Career Development and Activities Coordinator or the
administration, and students may use these mailboxes to Student Success Office.
communicate with individual students. All students are
responsible for checking their mailboxes frequently. A
Lost and Found Articles
fee is charged if a key needs to be replaced. Vandalism of
The lost and found service is located at the Information
student mailboxes will be considered a criminal trespass.
Desk, second floor, St. Clare Hall. Students should check
U.S. Postal delivery service is provided to resident students
with this office for missing items or to turn in items found
within their regular student mailboxes. Please contact the
on campus.
Business Office with any problems or questions.
The University does not accept responsibility for the
Locker Sign-Up loss of students’ possessions and advises students to
Lockers are available for any student; a locker sign-up secure their items properly. Any suspected thefts should
sheet is kept in the Student Success Office. A student be reported immediately to the Campus Security Office
may select any empty locker for his/her use and must so that a description of the missing property can be
indicate the locker number chosen on the sign-up sheet. circulated.
Lockers in use without proper sign-up may be subject to
lock removal. The student who selects a particular locker Campus Publications
is responsible for making sure that locker is cleaned out. The Clarion: The University publishes a student
Anything left in lockers may become the property of newspaper called The Clarion. This publication offers
Ashford University. interested students the opportunity to participate in various
aspects of newspaper production including reporting,
Signs and Posters writing, editing, layout, photography, advertising, and
The posting of signs and posters for clubs, organizations, management. All students are invited to apply for a
and activities on and off campus; community events; position on the newspaper staff. Students enrolled in the
or publicity information must be approved through the News Writing course may earn limited academic credit for
Student Success Office. All items must be stamped serving on the newspaper staff.
and initialed prior to posting. The Student Success

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 55


Campus Student Life
Publicity and Photo Release student should change cars during the academic year, a
All media releases of information originating from replacement permit will be issued for $10.00. Second
the University should be channeled through the permits will be issued to students for another family car
Communications Office. Media inquiries directed at a cost of $10.00.
toward students, faculty, and staff at the University Faculty and staff parking permits are also issued though
are to be directed to the Communications Office, and the Campus Security Office, in the same manner as the
administrators, faculty, staff, or students who are student parking permits. Applicable faculty/staff parking
contacted directly by the media should refer the media to regulations are available at the Campus Security Office
the Office of Communications. Comments should not be as well.
given to the media until the Office of Communications has
been contacted. Special Permits: Students needing special parking permits
should discuss their needs with the Campus Security
All students give implicit permission and authorization Office. Special permits are issued for visitors, temporary
to the University to use any still photograph/video of physical disabilities, and emergency reasons only. Visitors
themselves that is taken or is authorized by a University may obtain a temporary parking permit from the Campus
faculty or staff member for instructional or promotional Security or Student Success Office during office hours.
purposes, unless a written request to withhold directory This special permit must be hung from the rear-view
information is on file in the Registrar’s Office. mirror. Visitors may park in designated spots in Lot B or
Students, faculty, and staff are encouraged to inform anywhere in Lot C.
the Communications Office about newsworthy events Parking Fines: A basic fine of $15.00, payable at the
and developments regarding class and campus events Business Office within 48 hours, will be charged for
of interest. Students should also contact their advisers violations of the parking regulations, except as listed
regarding newsworthy information. below. Violators with three or more fines will have their
vehicles towed at the owner’s expense.
Campus Parking Policy • A fine of $35.00, payable at the Business Office
Students are permitted to bring motor vehicles to campus.
within 48 hours, will be charged to all vehicles
Students who wish to park on campus must display a
illegally parked in spaces marked “Child Care”
student parking permit on the back side of the rear-view
or specially designated parking such as Speech
mirror of the vehicle. Students are required to register
and Hearing, etc.
their vehicles every year and are responsible for all
fines attributed to that vehicle. A motor vehicle is the • A fine of $100.00, payable at the Business Office
responsibility of the student whose name is on the most within 48 hours, will be charged to all vehicles
current registration card and/or the owner. Motorcycles, illegally parked in spaces marked “Handicapped
snowmobiles, mopeds, and any other motorized vehicle Only.”
are subject to all usual parking rules and regulations. • Vehicles parked in spaces designated as fire
Parking regulations are enforced 24 hours per day, seven lanes will be towed immediately, at the owner’s
days per week in all student, visitor, and tow-away zones. expense, and a fine of $100.00, payable at the
Lots are designated according to the campus parking map Business Office within 48 hours, will be charged
available at the Campus Security Office. Parking tickets to the student’s account.
will be issued for violations of parking regulations. A copy
Fines delinquent more than 48 hours will be double their
of the parking policy and a complete list of violations may
original amount.
be obtained from the Director of Campus Security. Please
refer to the parking map and brochure received when a Ticket Appeals Process: All rulings in the appeal process
permit is issued to you. will be made according to the stated Ashford University
Parking Policy. The appeals process is as follows:
Parking Permits: All students wishing to use campus
parking must have a student parking permit. A permit • All fines must be paid before the appeals process
allows a student to park in the designated parking area as can begin. A refund will be issued if a ticket
long as room is available but does not guarantee a parking violation is overturned. However, any late fees
space on campus. Resident students are allowed only will not be refunded.
one vehicle. • A written appeal must be submitted to the Campus
Student parking permits may be obtained free of Security Office within 48 hours of the ticket
charge from the Campus Security Office. The state issuance. All written appeals will be reviewed and
auto registration must be shown to Campus Security a ruling made within five working days from the
staff before a permit is issued. If, for any reason, a date the appeal was received.

56 Ashford University
Campus Student Life
• Upon ruling, the written decision will be placed Ashford Campus Emergency
in the student’s campus mailbox. A receipt for Phone Numbers/Services
refund will be issued if the ticket is overturned
by the appeals committee; any late charges will The following numbers should be called in the event of an
not be refunded. emergency:
Ambulance 911 (Dial 9 to get an outside line)
Public Transportation
Information on local bus service and regional bus service Fire 911 (Dial 9 to get an outside line)
can be obtained from the Student Success Office. Police 911 (Dial 9 to get an outside line)

Campus Offices Campus Security Office (563) 242-2752


To reach campus offices or resident students, please dial (answered 24 hours a day)
(563) 242-4023 and then the extension. Director of Student Success (563) 242-4023 ext. 7382
College Deans and Faculty Support Services ext. 7834 Director of Campus Security (563) 242-4023 ext. 7868
Admissions ext. 7383 Associate Director of
Alumni Office ext. 7380 Student Services (563) 242-4023 ext. 7789
Athletics Department ext. 7862 University Information Desk (563) 242-4023
Athletic Training ext. 7846
Bookstore ext. 7725
Business Office ext. 7722 Help Lines/Hotlines
24 Hour National Suicide Prevention/
Campus Director’s Office ext. 7707 Mental Health Crisis Lifeline (800) 273-TALK (8255)
Campus Security (563) 242-2752 24 Hour National Domestic
Career Services Office ext. 7380 Violence Hotline (800) 799-SAFE (7233)
Children’s Center ext. 7833  TDD Line: (800) 787-3224
Communications Office ext. 7730 National Sexually Transmitted
Director of Student Success ext. 7382 Disease Hotline (800) 227-8922
Duty Radio (563) 242-2752 ext. 4900 CDC National AIDS Hotline/
National STD Hotline (800) CDC-INFO
Financial Aid ext. 7727  (232-4636)
Fitness Center ext. 7817 National AIDS Hotline for the Hearing Impaired
Flavian Achievement Center ext. 7767  TDD Line: (888) 232-6348
Food Service, AmeriServe, Inc. ext. 7864 24 Hour National Alcohol & Substance
Menu Hot Line ext. 5199 Abuse Information Center (800) 784-6776
Information Desk ext. 7714 Gay and Lesbian National Hotline (888) THE-GLNH
I.T. Help Desk ext. 7752  (843-4564)
Library ext. 7823 The Youth Law Hotline (800) 728-1172
after 5:30p.m. ext. 5536 Poison Control Center  (800) 222-1222
Maintenance ext. 7849 National Child Abuse Hotline  800-4-A-CHILD
Registrar’s Office ext. 7702  (422-4453)
Residence Life Office ext. 7789
Durham Hall ext. 1599
Regis Hall ext. 6111
Speech and Hearing Center (563) 242-4070
Student Activities ext. 7812
Student Success Office ext. 7794
A complete University Directory is available by
contacting the Office of Student Success.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 57


University Colleges and
Program Offerings
Section Six Associate, Bachelor’s, and Master’s programs are offered
through three colleges.

College of Arts and Sciences


Bachelor of Arts
• Communication Studies
• English and Communication
• Environmental Studies
• Health Care Administration
• Health Care Studies
• History
• Liberal Arts
• Natural Science
• Political Science and Government
• Psychology

Academic
• Social and Criminal Justice
• Social Science

Information
• Social Science with Education Concentration
• Sociology

and Policies – • Visual Art


Bachelor of Applied Science

General • Health Care Administration


Bachelor of Science
• Biology
• Clinical Cytotechnology
• Clinical Laboratory Science
• Computer Science and Mathematics
• Health Science
• Health Science Administration
• Natural Science
• Nuclear Medicine Technology
Graduate Studies
• Master of Arts in Health Care Administration

59
Academic Information and Policies - General
College of Business and General Education Curriculum
Professional Studies
Associate of Arts Philosophy and Purpose
The higher education offered by the University and
• Business other colleges and universities differs from other forms
Bachelor of Arts of postsecondary education in the belief that education
• Accounting involves preparation for living life as a whole rather than
simply training a student for a specific job. Typically,
• Professional Accounting Program colleges and universities have sought to provide such
• Business Administration preparation by requiring that students devote a substantial
• Business Economics portion—often about one-third—of their coursework
to General Education programs that provide sufficient
• Business Information Systems breadth of education and mastery of essential learning
• Computer Graphic Design skills to enable them to understand and to adapt to a
• Organizational Management changing world as well as to contribute to its betterment.
While virtually all institutions of higher education have
• Public Administration some sort of General Education requirements, there is
• Public Relations and Marketing much variety, and the pattern that a college’s General
Education program takes says a great deal about its values,
• Sports and Recreation Management
its view of the world, and its personality.
Bachelor of Applied Science
The University’s General Education requirements are
• Accounting grounded firmly in the University’s mission statement,
• Computer which places the University squarely within the liberal
arts tradition of higher education. It speaks of intellectual
• Computer Graphic Design
growth and of a shared search for truth within a
• Management community that values diversity in ways of learning and
Graduate Studies forms of knowledge as well as in terms of the people the
University seeks to serve.
• Master of Arts in Organizational Management
In crafting a General Education program that reflects
• Master of Business Administration
the mission statement, the faculty believed that students
• Master of Public Administration graduating from the University should first of all possess
certain competencies that define a college-educated
College of Education person. In curricular terms, this takes the form of a
Bachelor of Arts competency block in which students must demonstrate
• Business Education proficiency in applied ethics, computing, critical thinking,
mathematics, and written and oral communication.
• Early Childhood Education These learning skills are valuable in and of themselves
• Early Childhood Education Administration and, doubly so, when used as means to realize the
• Education (non-licensure) “intellectual growth” and “shared search for truth” of the
mission statement. They are also skills much in demand
• Elementary Education by employers.
• Physical Education A liberal arts education is rooted in the idea of preparing
Graduate Studies a person for life as a citizen in a free society and, so,
• Master of Arts in Education demands breadth. In structuring this part of the General
Education program, the faculty formulated five general
• Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with goals in the areas of aesthetic awareness, literature,
Technology physical world, social awareness, and values and beliefs.
These goals were then defined in greater detail as learning
outcomes within each subject area. Courses appropriate
to the desired outcomes were identified and incorporated
into the General Education curriculum. Certain subject
areas relate directly to elements of the mission statement,

60 Ashford University
Academic Information and Policies - General
most obviously in the area of values and beliefs. More Competencies (21 credits)
generally, the distribution of coursework across five Competencies are skills deemed necessary by the faculty
subject areas requires students to take courses in many to demonstrate a quality college education. The following
disciplines. By experiencing a diversity of subject matter general policies apply to the competencies:
and ways of knowing, students will emerge with a
• Prerequisite courses, if needed, must be
broadly based education that equips them, in conjunction
completed before taking the competency course.
with studies in their major and elective coursework,
However, required courses listed can be waived
not only to pursue successful careers but also to lead
by means of high school advanced placement
meaningful lives.
(AP) coursework and/or placement/competency
testing. Students should consult their Academic
General Education Requirements Advisors for additional information regarding a
The General Education program incorporates a framework
waiver of competency requirements;
that balances specified competencies and five general
subject areas. • A minimum grade of “C–” will be required
to satisfy competencies and competency
In addition to satisfying the competencies, a total of 25
prerequisites; and
credits of General Education courses in five subject
areas is required for the Associate of Arts, Bachelor of • Competency courses may not simultaneously be
Arts, Bachelor of Applied Science, and Bachelor of used to satisfy subject area requirements.
Science degrees. Demonstration of the competencies listed below is
General Education requirements for all Ashford University required for the AA, BA, BAS, and BS degrees. Courses
associate- and bachelor-level programs are outlined in offered by Ashford University to satisfy these competency
this section; however, specific General Education courses requirements are listed in each area.
may be required for some programs and majors. Every
Ashford University General Education course is not Applied Ethics Competency (3 credits)
available in every modality and/or degree program. The Applied Ethics competency involves two major
Please refer to the program requirements section of this components: (1) understanding principles of normative
Catalog for information on specific degree program and non-normative ethical theories and (2) applying these
requirements. principles in decision-making activities including case
studies and contemporary social issues. Moral character
is explored in all its dimensions: virtues and vices,
General Education Total 46 credits commitments and attitudes, personal relationships, and
Competencies 21 credits community involvement, in addition to right and wrong
conduct.
Applied Ethics 3 credits
Learning Outcomes
Communication 9 credits
Students meeting this competency will be able to do the
Computer 3 credits following:
Critical Thinking 3 credits a. formulate the historical perspective on the
Mathematics 3 credits development of the philosophy of morality and
General Subject Areas 25 credits ethics;
b. respond to other’s insights and interpretations of
Aesthetic Awareness 3 credits
issues;
Literature 3 credits
c. examine the development of social and personal
Physical World 4 credits ethics and their application to society;
Social Awareness 9 credits d. analyze connections between schools of thought
Values and Beliefs 6 credits and ethics and morals;
e. evaluate ethical issues with alternative ethical
solutions; and
f. appraise through personal reflection his/her own
response to moral issues.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 61


Academic Information and Policies - General
One applied ethics course, 3 credits, is required. Ashford d. demonstrate competence in verbal and nonverbal
University offers the following courses to satisfy this aspects of delivery;
requirement: e. locate appropriate information for speeches,
• BUS 250 Corporate and Social Responsibility evaluate it for credibility, and present it in an
(AAB only) (3 credits) ethical manner avoiding plagiarism;
• HCA 322 Health Care Ethics and Medical Law f. use various strategies for organizing information
(3 credits) in speeches to achieve his or her purposes; and
• PHI 107/307 Philosophy of Human Conduct g. listen effectively (i.e., recognize the intention
(3 credits) of a speaker, show awareness of a speaker’s
• PHI 445 Personal & Organizational Ethics technique, identify inconsistencies in logic, and
(3 credits) separate fact from opinion).
• REL 203 Contemporary Human Problems Three communication courses, totaling 9 credits, are
(3 credits) required. Ashford University offers the following courses
to satisfy this requirement:
• SOC 331 Social Justice & Ethics (3 credits)
Required courses:
Typically, courses that deal with ethics or morality, usually
with a PHI or REL prefix, may be applied in transfer to • ENG 121 English Composition I (3 credits)
satisfy this competency. • ENG 122 English Composition II (3 credits)
A competency test is available to campus students upon Choose one course from:
request. • COM 200 Interpersonal Communication
(3 credits) OR
Communication Competency (9 credits)
To earn a degree at the University, a student must • SPE 103 Oral Communication (3 credits)
demonstrate writing and speaking competency. Students have the option of using a passing score on a
Learning Outcomes CLEP examination to fulfill the English Composition I or
Composition II requirement. Campus students may fulfill
In writing, students meeting this competency will be able the Composition II requirement by earning a passing score
to do the following: on an Ashford English Department examination. Campus
a. write appropriately for different occasions, students may also satisfy the speech requirement by
audiences, and purposes; earning a passing score on an Ashford University speech
examination or through a portfolio demonstrating a range
b. use the conventions of standard written English
of public speaking experiences.
with skill and assurance;
Please note: Students placed in ENG 100 must earn a
c. locate information from library and non-library
grade of “C” before progressing to ENG 121.
sources for use in research projects;
d. use critical reading skills in evaluating Computer Competency (3 credits)
information gathered from various sources; Computer competency is defined as the level of
e. use information in an ethical manner to produce computer literacy necessary to understand the purpose
research papers with a persuasive or expository of a computer, how computers assist individuals
purpose; and and organizations to work more efficiently, and how
computers influence society. Students will study computer
f. prepare a manuscript using a standard style of concepts, terminology, and the role of system software.
documentation. Students will utilize computer applications software to
In speech, students meeting this competency will be able produce various documents, to construct spreadsheets, and
to do the following: to create visual presentations.
a. speak confidently to achieve various purposes (to Learning Outcomes
inform, to persuade, to present formal speeches); Students meeting this competency will be able to do the
b. adapt his or her message to a specific audience following:
and occasion; a. discuss the future prospects of computer
c. select and use with confidence a variety of audio- hardware;
visual aids to present messages; b. discuss the advantages and limitations of
computers;

62 Ashford University
Academic Information and Policies - General
c. describe software types and their functions; One critical thinking course, 3 credits, is required. Ashford
d. discuss the ethical implications of computer use; University offers the following courses to satisfy this
requirement:
e. speak knowledgeably about how computers
impact society; • COM 323 Persuasion & Argumentation
(3 credits)
f. use the computer as a tool to improve problem
solving at school, at home, and at work; • PHI 103 Informal Logic (3 credits)
g. use operating software; • PHI 104 Fundamentals of Critical Reasoning
(3 credits)
h. use a computer to perform file management;
i. use of computer to create text documents; Typically, logic courses or courses stressing critical
thinking may be applied in transfer to satisfy the critical
j. use a computer to create spreadsheets; thinking competency. Most applicable courses will have a
k. use a computer to create visual presentations; PHI or LOG prefix.
l. use library and computer resources to do A competency test is available to campus students
research; and upon request.
m. define essential computer concepts.
Mathematics Competency (3 credits)
One computer course, 3 credits, is required. Ashford Mathematics competency permits students to efficiently
University offers the following course to satisfy this process data and to learn new material in fields inside
requirement: and outside of mathematics. Students will develop a
• INF 103 Computer Literacy (3 credits) knowledge base that allows logical reasoning and valid
problem-solving techniques.
Typically, introductory computer courses or courses
stressing the application of computers to a specific Learning Outcomes
industry may be applied in transfer to satisfy the computer Students meeting this competency will be able to do the
competency requirement. Most applicable courses will following:
have a BPC, CIS, INF, or COMP prefix.
a. communication of mathematical concepts;
A competency test is available to campus students b. reasoning skills to analyze situations and draw
on request. valid conclusions;
c. modeling real data and refining the model if
Critical Thinking Competency (3 credits) necessary;
Critical Thinking competency is defined as a set of skills
and strategies for making reasonable decisions about d. using technology to organize, analyze, and test
what we do and believe. These skills and strategies data; and
include understanding the use of thought and language, e. making connections to other disciplines.
recognizing the most common logical fallacies, and using One math course, 3 credits, is required. Ashford
the essential skills of deductive and inductive argument University offers the following courses to satisfy this
analysis and evaluation. Students must demonstrate requirement:
practical applications of critical thinking in academic
disciplines. • MAT 126 Survey of Mathematical Methods
(3 credits)
Learning Outcomes
• MAT 225 College Algebra (3 credits)
Students meeting this competency will be able to do the
following: • MAT 228 Mathematical Modeling (3 credits)
a. formulate and analyze deductive reasoning; A comparable course with a grade of “C-” or better
may be applied in transfer to satisfy the mathematics
b. distinguish logical fallacies from valid competency.
arguments;
All incoming campus students, except those with an A.A.
c. apply critical reasoning concepts in his/her or A.S. degree, or a math course with a grade of “C” or
academic discipline; higher deemed equivalent to the competency requirement,
d. contrast the purposes of language in persuasive will be required to take a placement test approved by
statements; and the Mathematics Department. Those placing beyond the
e. classify and evaluate inductive reasoning. courses listed above will be held to have satisfied the
competency.
2009-2010 Academic Catalog 63
Academic Information and Policies - General
General Education • MUS 105 Music Theory I (3 credits)
Subject Areas (25 credits) • MUS 255/355 Music in the United States
A course may be applied only once to meet a General (3 credits)
Education requirement. Whether a course may be applied • MUS 257 The American Musical Theater
simultaneously to a General Education requirement (3 credits)
and to a major requirement depends on the requirements
specified for each major. Courses offered to satisfy • SPE 301 Oral Interpretation (3 credits)
the General Education subject area requirements are Typically, a course in one of the following subject
listed below: areas may be applied in transfer to satisfy the aesthetic
awareness requirement: art, film, photography, dance
Aesthetic Awareness (3 credits) (non-PE activity), and music.
The student will develop an understanding of, and
appreciation for, the value of the arts through individual Literature (3 credits)
expression and through an examination of his/her impact The student will develop life long habits of reading
on society. literature for pleasure, information and personal growth.
Learning Outcomes Learning Outcomes
Students meeting this subject area will be able to do the Students meeting this subject area will be able to do the
following: following:
a. understand the role of the arts as both a reflection a. interpret and evaluate works of literature using
of, and an influence on, society; his or her own values and beliefs;
b. demonstrate knowledge of the terminology b. read accurately and with comprehension; make
and skills necessary to understand the artistic logical inferences; and demonstrate analytical
experience; and interpretive skills;
c. incorporate analytical skills and aesthetic c. understand the role of literature as the product of
appreciation in the interpretation and evaluation a culture at a given historical moment;
of works of art; d. explore the realm of the imagination and
d. comprehend/realize/understand the impact of the discover relations among fiction, imagination and
creative process on people’s cultural and ethical experience;
values and principles, thereby gaining insight e. discover the diversity of experience, as well
into both our individual selves and our relations as what is held in common with those of other
with others; and cultures and historical moments;
e. gain an appreciation for the communal and f. use technology to research topics in literature and
communicative value of the arts through create informative presentations;
participation in fine arts classes, music ensembles g. write effective critical essays on works of
and/or theatrical presentations. literature; and
One aesthetic awareness course, 3 credits, is required. h. compose in-depth research papers on literary
Ashford University offers the following courses to satisfy topics using the MLA documentation format.
this requirement: One literature course, 3 credits, is required. Ashford
• ART 101 Art Appreciation (3 credits) University offers the following courses to satisfy this
• ART 102/202/302/402 Study of Art and Culture requirement:
Abroad (3 credits) • ENG 125 Introduction to Literature (3 credits)
• ART 103 Two-Dimensional Design (3 credits) • ENG 201 American Literature to 1865 (3 credits)
• ART 200/ART 300 Art Appreciation II: Modern • ENG 202 American Literature Since 1865
Art (3 credits) (3 credits)
• CGD 218 Visual Literacy in Business (3 credits) • ENG 203 British Literature I (3 credits)
• ENG 225 Introduction to Film (3 credits) • ENG 204 British Literature II (3 credits)
• LIB 327 World Music (INTD) (3 credits) • ENG 212/312 African American Literature
• MUS 101 Masterpieces of Music (3 credits) (3 credits)

64 Ashford University
Academic Information and Policies - General
• ENG 217/317 International Voices (3 credits) • PHY 202 College Physics II (4 credits)
• ENG 303 Survey of Shakespeare (3 credits) • SCI 201 Physical Geology (4 credits)
• ENG 388 Destination Course: Literary & • SCI 207 Dependence of Man on the Environment
Historical Developments in 19th Century (4 credits)
England (3 credits)
Typically, introductory courses with lab, in the following
• LIB 316 Historical Contexts and Literature areas may be applied in transfer to meet the physical
(3 credits) world requirement: natural sciences including chemistry,
Typically, survey courses in American and British biology, astronomy, and physics.
literature and courses dealing with works of major writers,
applied in transfer, will satisfy the literature requirement. Social Awareness (9 credits)
The student will identify and explain significant
Physical World (4 credits) relationships among peoples, social processes, institutions,
To foster environmental responsibility, the student will and the self.
understand the human species as a dynamic component of Three Social Awareness courses, totaling 9 credits, are
the physical world. required in the following perspectives areas.
Learning Outcomes Historical Perspectives (3 credits)
Students meeting this subject area will be able to do the Learning Outcomes
following: Students meeting this subject area will be able to do the
a. recognize the effect of natural phenomena on following:
living things and the physical world; a. demonstrate the ability to use the past as a
b. demonstrate an awareness of the relationship context for explaining significant aspects of the
between human activity and the ability of the present;
environment to sustain life; b. demonstrate the ability to explain the
c. demonstrate skills and problem solving in a development of selected societies, institutions,
hands-on scientific laboratory experience; and and processes over time; and
d. utilize the scientific method to address issues in c. demonstrate the ability to distinguish between
the physical world. primary and secondary sources and explain the
One physical world course, 4 credits (with lab), is use of each in understanding the past.
required. Students with transfer credits in science may One historical perspectives course, 3 credits, is required.
substitute two physical world courses without lab. Ashford Ashford University offers the following courses to satisfy
University offers the following courses to satisfy this this requirement:
requirement: • HIS 103 World Civilizations I (3 credits)
• BIO 100 Life Science (4 credits) • HIS 104 World Civilizations II (3 credits)
• BIO 103 Principles of General Biology I • HIS 203 American History to 1865 (3 credits)
(4 credits)
• HIS 204 American History Since 1865 (3 credits)
• BIO 104 Principles of General Biology II
(4 credits) • HIS 306 Twentieth-Century Europe (3 credits)
• CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits) • HIS 388 Destination Course: Literary &
Historical Developments in 19th Century
• CHE 152 General Chemistry II (4 credits) England (3 credits)
• ENV/BIO 101 Humanity and the Environment • LIB 316 Historical Contexts & Literature
(4 credits) (3 credits)
• ENV/CHE 108 Introductory Environmental Typically, a course in World or Western Civilization, or
Chemistry (4 credits) an American history course, may be applied in transfer to
• PHY 103 Weather and Climate (4 credits) satisfy the Historical Perspectives requirement.
• PHY 105 Introduction to Physical Science
(4 credits)
• PHY 201 College Physics I (4 credits)

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 65


Academic Information and Policies - General
Multicultural Perspectives (3 credits) Social Perspectives (3 credits)
Learning Outcomes Learning Outcomes
Students meeting this subject area will be able to do the Students meeting this subject area will be able to do the
following: following:
a. demonstrate the ability to identify the sources a. explain relationships between the individual and
and forms of cultural diversity; society;
b. demonstrate the ability to explain major forms of b. explain the social implications of institutional
interaction among different cultures; and change; and
c. explain implications of globalization. c. demonstrate the ability to explain the
One multicultural perspectives course, 3 credits, is characteristic concepts of a social science
required. Ashford University offers the following courses methodology.
to satisfy this requirement: One social perspectives course, 3 credits, is required.
• ANT 101 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology Ashford University offers the following courses to satisfy
(3 credits) this requirement:

• BUS 403 International Business (3 credits) • ECO 100 Survey of Contemporary Economic
Issues (3 credits)
• ENG 212/312 African-American Literature
(3 credits) • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics
(3 credits)
• ENG 217/317 International Voices (3 credits)
• ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics
• ENG/HIS 388 Destination Course (3 credits) (3 credits)
• HIS 103 World Civilizations I (3 credits) • LIB 125 Contemporary Issues in Organizational
• HIS 104 World Civilizations II (3 credits) Leadership (3 credits)
• HIS 351 Asia in the World of Decolonization and • POL 201 American National Government
Globalization (3 credits) (3 credits)
• LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits)
(INTD) (3 credits) • PSY 104 Child and Adolescent Development
• LIB 323 Revolution and Terrorism in the Modern (3 credits)
World (INTD) (3 credits) • PSY 202 Adult Development and Life
• LIB 327 World Music (INTD) (3 credits) Assessment (3 credits)
• LIB 380 History and Culture of Mexico • PSY 304 Lifespan Development (3 credits)
(3 credits) • SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits)
• LIB 382 London Studies (3 credits) • SOC 203 Social Problems (3 credits)
• REL 113 Comparative Religions (3 credits) • SOC 308 Racial and Ethnic Groups (3 credits)
• REL 114 Comparative Religions II (3 credits)
Values and Beliefs (6 credits)
• SOC 308 Racial and Ethnic Groups (3 credits) In pursuit of integrity in their lives, professions, and
• SOC 315 Cross-Cultural Perspectives (3 credits) communities, Ashford University students will examine
• SPA 103 Beginning Spanish I (3 credits) the role of values and beliefs in the development of
peoples, processes, and institutions.
• SPA 104 Beginning Spanish II (3 credits)
Learning Outcomes
Typically, a course with a cross-cultural, global context,
or a context other than the United States, may be applied Students meeting this subject area will be able to do the
in transfer to satisfy the Multicultural Perspectives following:
requirement. a. demonstrate an understanding of the concepts/
principles that guide ethical behavior;
b. identify his/her personal values and begin to
critically evaluate them;
c. identify the influence of values on personal and
professional decision making;
66 Ashford University
Academic Information and Policies - General
d. develop an understanding and respect for the Freshman Experience Requirement
values of others, especially peoples different • EXP 103 Freshman Experience (3 credits)
from themselves; (Campus only)
e. demonstrate a basic understanding of the The primary goal of this course is to assist all first-year
principles of philosophical/theological inquiry; campus-based students in their personal adjustment to
and college life. This is accomplished by investigation and
f. demonstrate the ability to think critically and practice of specific academic skills, by inquiry into life
logically about philosophical and ethical issues. skills necessary for citizenship in any diverse community,
and by knowledge of history, traditions, and values at
Two values and beliefs courses, 6 credits, are required. Ashford University.
Ashford offers the following courses to satisfy this
requirement: Note: Faculty Academic Advisors, Registrar’s Advisors,
and Academic Advisors assist students with course
• ANT 101 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology selection, but it is the student’s responsibility to ensure he
(3 credits) or she fulfills the above requirements.
• LIB 125 Contemporary Issues in Organizational
Leadership (3 credits) Course Delivery Methods
• LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives Ashford University offers programs using the following
(3 credits) course structures and delivery modalities:
• PHI 100 Human Person and Values (3 credits) On-Campus Traditional Course Delivery
• PHI 101 Introduction to Philosophy (3 credits) Generally, Ashford University courses are offered on-
campus during two traditional 16-week semesters. A
• PHI 107/PHI 307 Philosophy of Human Conduct
limited number of course offerings are also available
(3 credits)
during shorter summer sessions and winter interim
• PHI 200 Mind & Machine (3 credits) sessions between fall and spring semesters. Classes
• PHI 210/PHI 310 Franciscanism: Today and meet on campus throughout the week days for
Yesterday (3 credits) traditional students.
• PHI 445 Personal & Organizational Ethics Starting in Fall 2008, a limited number of upper division
(3 credits) courses will be offered at Sauk Valley Community College
in Dixon, IL. Students enrolled at this location will
• PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits)
complete three credits in an accelerated 8-week format.
• REL 100 Introduction to Theology (3 credits) Two courses will be offered every 8 weeks, allowing
• REL 101 Person and Faith (3 credits) students to complete a total of 12 credits (4 courses at 3
credits each) embedded within the traditional 16-week
• REL 107 Introduction to Sacred Scripture
semester term.
(3 credits)
• REL 113 Comparative Religions (3 credits) ASPIRE Course Delivery
Undergraduate students meet with a classroom instructor
• REL 114 Comparative Religions II (3 credits)
for a 4-hour period once a week for five consecutive
• REL 130 Quest for Judaic-Christian Values weeks. Ashford’s accelerated course delivery structure
(3 credits) requires 20 classroom contact hours for completion of
• REL 250 Judeo-Christian Thought (3 credits) an undergraduate course carrying three credits. Graduate
students meet with a classroom instructor for a 4-hour
• SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits)
period once a week for six consecutive weeks, meeting the
• SOC 120 Introduction to Ethics and  Social requirement of 24 classroom contact hours.
Responsibility (3 credits)
Students must spend a significant block of time each week
• SOC 315 Cross-Cultural Perspectives (3 credits) acquiring content information on their own, outside of the
• SOC 402 Contemporary Social Problems & the classroom, by using textbook and other resources provided
Workplace (3 credits) before the class session each week. Classroom time is
devoted to knowledge processing and application, rather
Typically, a combination of coursework in philosophy,
than to acquiring content. The instructor uses a facilitative
religion, and/or sociology-based coursework with a values
approach (rather than lecture) in which students interact
and beliefs component may be applied in transfer to fulfill
with one another and with the instructor, which further
the values and beliefs requirement.
contributes to a dynamic, active-learning environment.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 67


Academic Information and Policies - General
Online Course Delivery Ashford University degree program in which the courses
Undergraduate students complete three credits in are offered and any prerequisite coursework required
accelerated online delivery in five weeks. An accelerated for an individual course. Non-degree seeking students
online graduate course lasts six weeks. Specific log-in planning to formally apply for admission to a program
requirements are built into the design of each course should have their intended course selections reviewed
and monitored over the Internet through the Blackboard by their Academic Advisors to determine relevance and
instructional platform. The course structure allows potential applicability to the program.
students to take the initiative to learn content on their Individuals who have previously matriculated at Ashford
own time and provides carefully developed learning University but are not in attendance currently, those who
activities that allow students to optimize their knowledge previously have been denied regular admission, or those
processing/application efforts. Course objectives are who have been dismissed or disqualified from Ashford
clearly stated and measured through multiple measures. University must petition the Vice President of Academic
Affairs on campus or the Provost for online courses, to
Classification of Students register as a non-degree seeking student. Graduates of
Ashford University are generally permitted to register for
Degree-Seeking Students continued coursework as non-degree seeking students.
A degree-seeking student is one who has been accepted
by the University as a degree candidate and is currently The number of non-degree seeking students in any class
enrolled. A student who remains continuously enrolled may be limited. Ashford University reserves the right to
is classified as a less than half-time, half-time, three- limit courses for which a non-degree seeking student may
quarter time, or full-time student according to enrollment register, as well as to assess the suitability of a non-degree
requirements for the degree program. Undergraduate seeking student for any course.
students are further classified according to the number of Note: Non-degree seeking students are not eligible to
undergraduate credits earned. take courses offered in the Associate of Arts in Business
degree program.
Non-Degree Seeking Students
Students who wish to take a limited number of courses Major/Minor Overlap Exceptions
and do not wish to be enrolled in a degree program at A maximum of 50% of required credits in a minor can
Ashford University may enroll as non-degree seeking overlap with courses fulfilling major requirements in order
students (non-degree students or non-matriculated to declare the given major/minor combination, unless
students) by completing an application for admission. otherwise specified by current program.
Students who enroll as non-degree seeking students The following major/minors combinations are approved
are generally expected to have earned the prerequisite exceptions to the 50% rule:
degree(s) required for admission to an Ashford University
degree program through which the courses are offered. Major Minor
Applicants may be required to submit copies of Business Administration Information Systems
transcripts indicating previous degree earned. Students
Business Administration Sports & Recreation
who are enrolled in high school must be recommended
Management
by their high school guidance counselor or equivalent
administrator for non-degree seeking student status. Non- Natural Science Child Learning &
degree seeking students pay the standard tuition rate and Development
are ineligible for financial aid. Registering as a non-degree Public Relations & e-Business
seeking student in no way guarantees or implies admission Marketing
to any degree programs. Public Relations & Marketing
Credit is granted, grades are recorded, and students are Marketing
required to satisfy all academic requirements, including Sociology Social and Criminal Justice
prerequisites, for courses taken. Upon acceptance to Sports & Recreation Business Administration
the program, qualified students may be permitted to Management
apply a specified number of credits to a degree program. Visual Art Computer Graphic Design
Students who wish to apply credits to an undergraduate-
Biology Chemistry
or graduate-level degree program at Ashford University
may apply up to 12 credits, unless otherwise approved Clinical Lab Science Chemistry
by the Dean of the College. Students who enroll as non- Nuclear Medicine Chemistry
degree seeking are generally expected to have earned Technology
the prerequisite degree(s) required for admission to an
68 Ashford University
Academic Information and Policies - General
Completion of Additional Majors Sequence of Courses
Students who wish to pursue an additional major at the In most cases, students are not permitted to take a course
undergraduate level may do so by successfully fulfilling for credit after they have completed a more advanced
the requirements for that major. Students must complete course in the same subject with a grade of “C-” or higher.
a minimum of twenty-four (24) unique credits that apply Course sequencing requirements may be outlined for each
to the additional major and are not used to satisfy major degree program, major, minor, and/or specialization.
requirements in any other declared majors. Coursework in
the additional major must be completed within the normal Academic Credit
timeframe for the degree. If a baccalaureate degree has Academic credit at Ashford University is granted using
already been awarded from Ashford, coursework must the semester credit hour system.
commence before a period of five (5) years has elapsed
from the date the B.A. or B.S. degree was granted. Grade Point Average
The student’s transcript will reflect completion of the The grade point average is determined by dividing the
additional major upon completion of all the required total number of quality points earned by the total number
coursework. of credits attempted for which quality points are given.
The grades of “Incomplete” and “Passing” do not alter the
Completion of Additional grade point average. If a student repeats a course, only the
Baccalaureate Degrees most recent grade earned affects the grade point average;
A student who has previously earned a baccalaureate the grade point value of the first grade is no longer
degree at an appropriately credentialed university and included in calculating the cumulative average. “W”
wishes to earn an additional baccalaureate degree must grades are counted as credits attempted when calculating
complete an additional 30 upper-division credits at completion-rate requirements for satisfactory academic
the University and fulfill all graduation requirements progress. “WF” grades are counted as credits attempted
applicable to the additional degree. Unless the specific and equal the same grade points as an “F.” No grades
degree requires General Education requirements beyond are awarded for transferred credits, and transfer credit
the traditional General Education core, an appropriately hours are not reflected in the Ashford University grade
accredited Bachelor’s degree will meet all General point average.
Education requirements.
Grading System and Grade Points
Completion of Additional Credits are awarded in semester credit hours.
Master’s Degrees
A student who has previously earned a Master’s degree Note: Plus and Minus grades and/or “D” grades are not
at Ashford University, or an appropriately credentialed applicable to graduate programs.
university, and wishes to earn an additional Master’s Grades/Quality Points:
degree must fulfill all degree and graduation requirements
applicable to the additional degree. Any credits applied A = 4.0 C- = 1.7
to a previously awarded degree cannot be applied to a
A- = 3.7 D+ = 1.3
subsequent degree. If a student has completed coursework
that fulfills content requirements for the second Master’s B+ = 3.3 D = 1.0
degree, the student must complete additional courses to
fulfill total credit requirements for the additional degree. B = 3.0 D- = 0.7

Completion of Concurrent Master’s Degrees B- = 2.7 F = 0


For students who enroll concurrently in more than one
C+ = 2.3 WF = 0
Master’s degree program, courses cannot be used to
fulfill total credit requirements across more than one
C = 2.0
Master’s degree program. Any credits applied to one
Master’s degree cannot be applied to another Master’s
degree. If a student completes coursework that fulfills Other Grading Designations
content requirements for more than one Master’s degree, T = Transfer Credit
the student must complete additional courses to fulfill
total credit requirements for the additional degree. Incomplete Course
I =
Students pursuing this option should discuss financial aid (replaced when final grade is awarded)
implications with their Financial Services Advisor.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 69


Academic Information and Policies - General
not be granted to students hoping to improve
AU = Audited Course (On-Campus Traditional Only) their grades.

Designates Pass/Fail credit earned for courses • The student must send a formal request for
P = specifically designated as Pass/Fail. Credits the incomplete to the instructor. Incompletes
earned count toward the degree requirements, requested in the last week of class will be denied,
although grade points will not be earned. unless a compelling reason is addressed.
• The instructor must approve the plan presented
CR = Credit by Exam by the student for satisfying the requirements
of the course and meet attendance requirements
E = Enrolled in Course for the course. Students in accelerated course
modalities must meet weekly attendance
W = Withdrew from Course requirements through the end of the course.
Withdrawn Fail, issued when a student drops • The student has up to 30 days, based on
instructor discretion, from the last day of the
WF = or is administratively dropped from a course course to finish his or her coursework, unless
after 75% of the total instructional time has
elapsed. Credits are marked as attempted and an extension is otherwise approved by the
grade points are equivalent to an “F” grade. Dean of the appropriate College. If the student
does not complete the work, his or her grade
CE = Competency by Exam automatically defaults to the grade earned as of
the conclusion of the course.
PLA = Prior Learning Assessment Credit • Regardless of a request for an incomplete
grade, students in accelerated course modalities
AP = Advanced Placement Credit are responsible for adhering to all program
attendance policies. Incomplete grades will
** = Repeated Course* not be issued to students who have not met
attendance requirements for the entire course.
NC = No Credit • Students experiencing extreme temporary
*A student may repeat a course previously taken only hardship during the last 25% of a course should
if the initial grade earned was a “C” or lower. Unless request an incomplete grade through their
otherwise designated, credit is earned for a course only instructor prior to the course end date. However,
once. The previous grades for all repeated courses are there may be extreme circumstances that prohibit
retained on the transcript and count as credits attempted. a student from making this request prior to the
Only the most recent grades and points are used in conclusion of a course. In order to appeal for
calculating the grade point average (GPA). Transfer an “I” grade after the end date of a course, the
credit from other institutions is noted on the transcript in student must submit a written grade appeal
semester credit hours. with official documentation of the hardship
experienced to the Vice President of Academic
Repeated Courses Affairs. An incomplete grade or a grade of “W”
A course may be repeated at the University if the initial may be approved and applied for the following
grade in the course was a “C” or lower. The most recent documented reasons that directly impacted
grade earned in the course is used in computing the the student’s ability to complete the course
cumulative grade point average. Limits on the number of requirements or program during the last 25% of
courses or times a course may be repeated may be set at the course:
the degree and/or major level. • Documented military duty that resulted in an
inability to continue in the course or program;
Incomplete Grades • Documented personal or family medical
Incomplete (“I”) grades are issued at the discretion of emergency;
the instructor and based upon compelling circumstances.
The “I” grade appears on the grade reports and/or official • Documented act of nature;
transcripts. To issue a grade of “I” for a course, the • Documented death in the family; or
following conditions must be met:
• Documented temporary severe economic
• The student’s coursework to date in the course hardship.
must be of passing quality; incompletes will
70 Ashford University
Academic Information and Policies - General
• Students who are dropped from a course for not • Students who do not meet the minimum
meeting attendance requirements are not eligible attendance requirements for the course/program;
to receive an “I” grade. Students who or
are not able to complete at least 75% of the • Students requesting to officially withdraw from
course prior to requesting an incomplete grade the University.
are also ineligible.
Note: Please refer to the Grade Appeals policy outlined in Last Date of Attendance
this Catalog for complete details on Ashford University’s For official or unofficial withdrawals, a student’s last date
Grade Appeals policy. of attendance date is:
• The last documented date of academically related
Course Drop activity by the student (attendance is documented
Students who officially drop from a course or courses on a weekly basis in courses utilizing online
during the add/drop period, which is before the conclusion learning); or
of the first 10% of the total number of instructional weeks • In instances where a last date of academically
of attendance, will have that course removed from their related activity cannot be established, the last
academic transcripts. date of attendance will be the earlier of the date
Drop Deadlines: the student began the withdrawal process by
notifying the institution, in writing or orally, of
16-week course = Week 2 his or her intent to withdraw or the midpoint of
6-week course = Week 1 the payment period or period of enrollment.
5-week course = Week 1
Reinstatement Process After Withdrawal
3-week course = Day 3
(Less Than One Year)
Students who officially drop or are administratively Students who are withdrawn from Ashford University
dropped from a course after 10% and prior to the last 75% may request reinstatement to the same degree/program
of the total instructional weeks of attendance will receive in which they were enrolled at the time of withdrawal.
a “W” in the course. Students seeking reinstatement to a different degree/
program must complete admission materials and
Last Week to Drop with a Grade of W: meet requirements for admission to that degree/
16-week course = Week 12 program. Students seeking reinstatement to Ashford
6-week course = Week 5 University should contact their Academic Advisors for
accelerated programs and the Registrar’s Office for
5-week course = Week 4 traditional programs. Reinstatement is not guaranteed.
3-week course = Day 16 If reinstatement is granted, Ashford University will
Students who officially drop or are administratively determine any conditions under which the student may be
dropped from a course after 10% and prior to the last 75% reinstated and will convey those conditions to the student.
of total instructional weeks of attendance will receive a
grade of “W” in the course. Students who officially drop
Readmission Process After Withdrawal
or are administratively dropped from a course after 75%
(One Year or More)
Students who are withdrawn from Ashford University
of the total instructional time will receive a grade of “WF”
and are seeking readmission to the same or a different
in the course.
degree/program must submit new admission materials.
This process is to ensure that the University has current
Withdrawal from the University demographic information for each student. A second
Ashford University determines that a student is withdrawn
application fee is not required. If the student has continued
when he or she falls into one of the following categories:
his or her education at another school since leaving the
• Students who do not register for and attend the University, official transcript(s) from any other college
current semester, term, or course sequence; attended should be submitted.
• Students who do not return from an approved Students must meet admission requirements and complete
leave of absence; all degree requirements in effect for the program of study
• Students who fail to follow the proper procedures at the time of readmission. Readmission is not guaranteed.
for requesting a leave or who do not receive If reinstatement is granted, the University will determine
approval for their leave; the conditions under which the student may re-enroll and
will convey those conditions to the student.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 71


Academic Information and Policies - General
Requests for Program Change Assistance in Developing
Students who are requesting a program change must Writing Proficiency
submit any additional admission materials required for A number of self-help resources are available on the
the new program of study. Students must meet admission Ashford University website for students preparing to
requirements and complete all degree requirements in meet the writing proficiency standards in degree programs
effect for the program of study at the time of admission offered online. In addition, fee-based tutorial services
to the new program. Admission is not guaranteed. The are available to students who need personal assistance
University will determine the conditions under which the in writing skill improvement. Campus students are
student may enroll and will convey those conditions to provided with support and tutoring through the Flavian
the student. Achievement Center.

Learning Resources Flavian Achievement Center – On-Campus


The Flavian Achievement Center is named for Sister
Library Flavian Launderville, OSF, who taught for many years in
Ashford University students have access to both Clinton’s Catholic schools. Sister Flavian was renowned
traditional and online research resources and services for giving students individual attention in those areas
during Library hours that include 85 weekly hours during of study where they experienced difficulty. The Flavian
regular semesters, extended hours during finals, and Center seeks to further her work.
special holiday, break, and summer schedules. The Center is committed to helping on-campus learners
The University’s PrairieCat consortium online catalog of all ability levels achieve and maintain the academic
provides access to the 8.4 million volumes in the competencies that form the core of a liberal arts education.
University collection in addition to the collections of The General Education requirements in a liberal arts
more than 90 regional libraries. Students may choose to institution cover a wide range of disciplines, and most
receive materials from other libraries, either by regular students can benefit from academic assistance. Students
courier delivery to the Library or by visiting these libraries are invited to come to the Flavian Center for individual
and using a patron ID. Current and back-file collections tutoring, to engage in group study, or to participate in
of more than 600 periodicals and journals are housed in competency-based activities suggested by the academic
the Library in several formats, and full-text articles from departments. These free services are provided by
hundreds of other journals are available by using the professional staff and peer tutors who have demonstrated
online research databases. Computer and audio-visual excellence in the basic competencies as well as in a
materials are also available for use in the classroom. variety of content areas.
Interlibrary loan services are provided free of charge, via In addition to academic assistance, the Flavian Center
the PrairieCat system, for items in the online catalog or has computers that may be used for academic research
on the OCLC national network from libraries throughout and word processing and a number of software programs
the world. relevant to the content areas. Make-up and assessment
testing are also provided by the Flavian Center.
The Library coordinates on-campus and remote access
to online research databases. Instruction in the use of Program Completion and Honors
these databases and other library resources is available on
campus for groups, classes, and individuals and by email. Dean’s List
Center for External Studies:
Curriculum Resource Center (CRC) – Associate and Bachelor degree-seeking students will
be evaluated three times per calendar year for academic
On-Campus
recognition, in December, May, and August. Students
Located on the Library’s main floor, the CRC supports
who meet the following criteria will be recognized for
Ashford University’s education programs by providing
their scholarship through the Academic Dean’s List.
access to more than 7,500 print and non-print instructional
materials. Access to these instructional aids is available • 3.50 Ashford University cumulative grade
to all patrons, but check-out privileges are limited to point average;
currently enrolled Ashford University undergraduate and • Have completed a minimum of 12 credit
graduate students majoring in education. hours in the ASPIRE program or online program;
• In good academic standing at the time of
review; and
• Currently attending or on an approved Leave of
Absence at the time of review.

72 Ashford University
Academic Information and Policies - General
On-Campus Traditional: Iowa Society of Certified Public Accountants, recognizes
Following the close of each semester, the Registrar’s the top accounting graduate. The Alex Esquivel Promising
Office identifies students who merit academic recognition Teacher Award is given in memory of a graduate of the
for their scholarship. Students enrolled for a minimum Elementary Education program and goes to a teacher
of six credits who earn a grade point average of 3.50 or education graduate who shows exceptional potential as
above are placed on the Dean’s List. an educator. The James Mooney Social Science Award
recognizes the social science graduate with the highest
Graduation/Degree Awards grade point average and is named for the distinguished
The completed Petition to Graduate form, including American anthropologist whose sister, Sr. Agnes Mooney,
required fees, must be submitted as a requirement for was Mother Superior of the Sisters of St. Francis from
graduation from all Ashford University programs. 1879 to 1900 and was one of the founders of Mount St.
Students should petition to graduate when they are Clare Academy. The Joan Walsh Richeson Award honors
within four (4) courses of program completion or the memory of a former faculty member and prominent
before the beginning of their final semester. The date of artist and goes to the Arts and Science major who best
degree conferral recorded on the student’s transcript and personifies the values of a liberal arts education. The
diploma reflects the date the student completes all degree College of Business Scholar’s Award, sponsored by the
requirements. Degree completion is generally recorded College of Business and Professional Studies is given to
on a student’s official transcript within 30 days after the highest-ranking graduate in business as determined by
completion of ALL program requirements. Diplomas are the College.
generally ordered within 30 days after completion of all
program requirements and payment of all related tuition Commencement Ceremony
and fees. The Petition to Graduate is available in the The completed Petition to Graduate form, including
Registrar’s Office or online in the Student Portal at required fees, must be submitted as a requirement for
www.ashford.edu. Diplomas, certificates, and transcripts participation in Ashford University commencement.
will be withheld until all accounts at the University are Commencement ceremonies are held two times a year on
paid in full. the Ashford University campus in Clinton, Iowa. Petitions
received after the deadlines will be forwarded to the next
Graduation Honors and Awards commencement ceremony date. Students must be within
Candidates for a Bachelor’s degree who have completed six (6) credits of meeting all graduation requirements, as
at least 55 credits at the University and candidates for the per the published deadlines below, prior to participating in
Associate degree who have completed at least 32 credits the commencement ceremony.
at the University may be awarded the following honors
at graduation by earning the corresponding grade point Commencement Dates
Application Deadline
average: for 2009/2010
Cum laude 3.30–3.69
December 12, 2009 October 1, 2009
Magna cum laude 3.70–3.89
Summa cum laude 3.90 or above May 8, 2010 March 1, 2010
Candidates for a Bachelor’s degree who have completed
30 credits (but fewer than 55 credits) with letter grades
Note: Dates may be updated periodically and are
at the University and who have a cumulative grade point
available on the Petition to Graduate form in the
average of at least 3.50 may graduate “with Distinction.”
Registrar’s Office or online in the Student Portal at
With Distinction 3.50 or above www.ashford.edu.
Recognition also is given to Scholars Institute graduates
and to students who are members of honor societies:
Junior/Senior Honor Society, Alpha Sigma Lambda, and
Mu Sigma Eta. Also recognized are students who were
selected for “Who’s Who Among Students in American
Colleges and Universities.”
Five awards are given at commencement to graduates
who have distinguished themselves in their major areas of
study. The Accounting Student Award, sponsored by the

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 73


Ashford University offers the following baccalaureate
programs at its campus in Clinton, Iowa. These academic
programs are administered by the College of Arts and
Section Seven Sciences, the College of Business and Professional
Studies, and the College of Education (formally known
as the Marilyn Huegerich College of Education). Study of
the liberal arts provides a common learning perspective
across the disciplines, a perspective that is enhanced
by a traditional residential campus environment and a
community where scholarship and human relationships
are valued.

On-Campus Traditional
Undergraduate Programs
College of Arts and Sciences
Bachelor of Arts
• English and Communication
• Environmental Studies
• Health Care Administration

On-Campus • History
• Natural Science

Traditional • Psychology
• Social and Criminal Justice

Undergraduate • Social Science

Programs
• Sociology
• Visual Art

Bachelor of Science
• Biology
• Clinical Cytotechnology
• Clinical Laboratory Science
• Computer Science and Mathematics
• Health Science
• Health Science Administration
• Natural Science
• Nuclear Medicine Technology

Bachelor of Applied Science


• Health Care Administration

75
On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
College of Business and Academic Calendar:
Professional Studies On-Campus Traditional
Bachelor of Arts
• Accounting Programs (2009–2010)
• Professional Accounting Program FALL SEMESTER: August 24–December 11, 2009
(154 credits, CPA track) Must be completed prior to
New Student Registration
• Business Administration the first day of class.

• Business Information Systems Convocation Ceremony Sunday, August 23


• Computer Graphic Design Classes Begin Monday, August 24
• Public Relations and Marketing
Labor Day Holiday Monday, September 7
• Sports and Recreation Management
Thursday−Friday,
Thanksgiving Break
Bachelor of Applied Science November 26-27
• Accounting Monday−Thursday,
Final Exams
December 7-10
• Computer
• Computer Graphic Design December Graduation Saturday, December 12
• Management

College of Education WINTERIM: January 4–January 15, 2010


Bachelor of Arts
• Business Education SPRING SEMESTER: January 19–May 6, 2010
• Education (non-licensure) Must be completed prior
Student Registration
to the first day of class.
• Elementary Education (grades K-8)
Classes Begin Tuesday, January 19
• Physical Education
President’s Day Holiday Monday, February 15
Monday−Friday,
Spring Break
March 15-19
Monday−Thursday,
Final Exams
May 3−6
Graduation Saturday, May 8

MAY TERM and SUMMER TERM: 2010

May Term
May 10−May 28, 2010
(3-week session)

Summer Term
June 7−July 16, 2010
(6-week session)

76 Ashford University
On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs

Admission Policies make a decision on the student’s admission. Additional


application requirements may include ACT or SAT
and Procedures scores, recommendation letters, an essay, and/or a
General Admission Process personal interview with the Vice President of Academic
Admissions decisions are made on a continuous basis. Affairs. Students who are admitted under the committee’s
Applicants may apply for fall, spring, or summer recommendation are placed on academic watch to be
admission. Students must contact the Office of Admissions monitored closely by their Faculty Academic Advisors.
for admission materials. Notification of admission status Regular student meetings with the Faculty Academic
is made within ten days following receipt of all necessary Advisor are required during the first academic year.
forms, transcripts, and test scores. Please write or call the Documentation Required:
Office of Admissions (563) 242-4023 or 1-800-242-4153 • Final official high school transcript indicating
with any questions. All applicants for admission should an earned regular high school diploma, GED, or
forward the necessary admissions materials to: documentation that the applicant has completed
Director of Admissions secondary school through home schooling, as
Ashford University defined by state law. An earned IEP or Special
400 N. Bluff Blvd. Education Diploma or Certificate of Completion
P.O. Box 2967 based upon IEP goals does not meet the regular
Clinton, Iowa 52733-2967 high school diploma requirement for admission
to Ashford University;
Traditional Undergraduate • Official ACT scores or SAT scores (required
Program Admission Requirements if applicant does not meet GPA and class rank
Requirements for Full Admission criteria and/or applicant completed high school
(Less than 30 college-level transfer credits) less than three years prior to application date);
Freshman students who seek to attend the University • Official transcripts from any college-level
should meet two of the three following requirements: coursework attempted;
• A grade point average (GPA) of 2.0 or above • Nonrefundable application fee; and
in college preparatory courses or regular high • The ability to study in English proven by one of
school courses (GED equivalency is also the following methods:
accepted) or have completed secondary school
• Submission of high school transcripts
through home schooling, as defined by state law;
indicating that English was the primary mode
• A rank in the upper half of the graduating class; of instruction or that GED was taken in
and/or English; or
• A minimum ACT composite score of 18 or SAT • Submission of copies of official scores for
composite score of 860. the Test of English as a Foreign Language
If an applicant meets only one of the three criteria for (TOEFL) examination taken within the past
admission, then the Admissions Committee reviews two (2) years. (A minimum score of 173
the details of the student’s academic records and computer based, 500 paper based, or 61
determines if additional information is necessary to Internet based is required.)
make a decision on the student’s admission. Additional
application requirements may include recommendation
Requirements for Conditional Admission
Student may be enrolled, but CANNOT attend class.
letters, an essay, and/or a personal interview with the Vice
Students normally apply for admission early in the senior
President of Academic Affairs. Students who are admitted
year of high school and should provide the Admissions
under the committee’s recommendation are placed on
Office with the following documentation:
academic watch to be monitored closely by their Faculty
Academic Advisors. Regular student meetings with the • Completed application for admission;
Faculty Academic Advisor are required during the first • Transcript of high school credits (complete and
academic year. official high school transcript must be submitted
If an applicant graduated from high school three (3) or after graduation);
more years prior to admission and does not meet the GPA • Official ACT or SAT scores (required if applicant
or class rank criteria, then the Admissions Committee does not meet GPA and/or class rank criteria and
reviews the details of the student’s academic records applicant completed high school less than three
and determines if additional information is necessary to years prior to application date);

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 77


On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
• Nonrefundable application fee; and credits from an appropriately accredited
• The ability to study in English proven by one of postsecondary institution, as defined by Ashford
the following methods: University transfer credit policies;
• Submission of high school transcripts • Official transcripts from any college-level
indicating that English was the primary mode coursework attempted indicating 30+ transfer
of instruction or that GED was taken in credits earned;
English; or • The ability to study in English proven by one of
• Submission of copies of official scores for the following methods:
the Test of English as a Foreign Language • Graduation from a high school where English
(TOEFL) examination taken within the past was the primary mode of instruction or where
two (2) years. (A minimum score of 173 GED was taken in English;
computer based, 500 paper based, or 61 • Submission of copies of official scores for
Internet based is required.) the Test of English as a Foreign Language
Unofficial documentation must indicate that the student (TOEFL) examination taken within the past
will likely meet two out of three of the following criteria two (2) years. A minimum score of 173
upon graduation from high school: computer based, 500 paper based, or 61
• A grade point average (GPA) of 2.0 or above Internet based is required; or
in college preparatory courses or regular high • Submission of copies of transcripts
school courses (GED equivalency is also designating that a minimum of 30 transferable
accepted); and credits have been taken at regionally or
• A rank in the upper half of the graduating class; nationally accredited colleges/universities in
and the United States.
• A minimum ACT composite score of 18 or SAT Requirements for Provisional Admission
composite score of 860. Provisional admission may only be used beginning two
weeks prior to semester start. Student may attend class
Requirements for Full Admission- for up to one semester in provisional status. International
Transfer Students students are not permitted to enter under this status.
(30+ transferable college credits)
Documentation Required:
Transfer students who seek to attend the University should
meet the following requirement: • Copies of all required documentation outlined for
full admission.
• A cumulative grade point average (GPA) of
2.0 or above in all college-level coursework Students who seek to attend the University must meet
attempted. the requirements for full admission based upon unofficial
documentation.
If a transfer applicant does not meet the GPA criteria,
then the Admissions Committee reviews the details of the Additional Admission Requirements for
student’s academic records and determines if additional Applicants Relying on Academic Credentials
information is necessary to make a decision on the
Earned Outside the United States for Admission
student’s admission. Additional application requirements
In addition to the requirements for full admission outlined
may include ACT or SAT scores, recommendation letters,
in the admission policy for undergraduate students,
an essay, and/or a personal interview with the Vice
applicants must submit an official evaluation from an
President of Academic Affairs. Students who are admitted
approved evaluation service indicating that they have met
under the committee’s recommendation are placed on
one or more of the following requirements:
academic watch to be monitored closely by their Faculty
Academic Advisors. Regular student meetings with the • The equivalent of an Associate’s degree from
Faculty Academic Advisor are required during the first the United States with 60 or more transferable
academic year. credits; and/or
Documentation Required: • A record of having achieved the equivalency of a
United States high school diploma.
• Signed application indicating a high school
diploma or GED equivalency, recognized by the
Department of Education of the state in which it
was earned, OR a minimum of 60 transferable

78 Ashford University
On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
All academic records from countries other than the United Athletics and Admission
States must have been evaluated by one of the following The University athletic teams, called The Saints,
evaluation services: participate in 13 intercollegiate sports: men’s baseball,
• Educational Credentials Evaluators, Inc. (ECE) basketball, cross-country, golf, soccer, and track and
OR field; and women’s basketball, cross-country, golf, soccer,
softball, track and field, and volleyball. The University is
• World Education Services (WES)
a member of the National Association of Intercollegiate
Note: Students who have already had their Athletics (NAIA) and the Midwest Classic Conference.
international credentials evaluated prior to making NAIA eligibility regulations state that the student wishing
application to Ashford University may petition the to participate in intercollegiate athletics if a first-time
University Registrar for acceptance of evaluations from entering freshman must meet at least two of three entry-
other credible agencies. level requirements:
• Have a score of at least 18 on the ACT or 860 on
Additional Admission Requirements the SAT;
for Nonimmigrant Students
Ashford University is authorized under federal law • Achieve an overall high school grade point of
to enroll nonimmigrant alien students in approved 2.00 on a 4.00 scale; and/or
programs offered in Clinton, Iowa. • Graduate in the top half of the senior class in
Applicants seeking to enroll in valid nonimmigrant status high school.
must meet all admissions requirements stipulated for In addition, to participate in intercollegiate sports, a
all students and must additionally submit each of the student must be enrolled in a minimum of 12 institutional
following items: credits per semester and earn a specified number of credits
• A completed and signed Statement of Financial each academic year. Details regarding athletic eligibility
Support; may be found in the Ashford University Student Athletes’
Handbook.
• Official financial statements. Financial
statements (typically provided by a bank) must
verify sufficient funds to cover the cost of
Technology Requirements
It is our intent to assist students and to prepare them
the educational program as well as all living
adequately for their coursework at Ashford University.
expenses;
Therefore, technology competencies and requirements
• A photocopy of the student’s passport to provide have been established. These requirements are in effect for
proof of birth date and citizenship. Students all Ashford students taking courses on campus and using
outside the United States who have not yet laptops. Students must meet the following competencies:
acquired a passport will need to submit a copy of
• Ability to access course and program material on
their birth certificates;
the Web;
• For all nonimmigrant applicants residing in
• Ability to correspond with University staff,
the United States at the time of application: a
students, and faculty using email and the Web;
photocopy of the visa page contained within
and
the student’s passport as well as a photocopy of
the student’s I/94 arrival departure record (both • Ability to use appropriate anti-virus utilities so
sides); and that transmitted files are virus free.
• For all nonimmigrant applicants residing in the System Requirements: The following minimum system
United States at the time of application in either configuration and software are required:
F, M, or J nonimmigrant classification: written • Platforms: Mac OS X 10.2 or greater or
confirmation of nonimmigrant status at previous Windows 2000, NT, XP, or greater;
school attended before transferring to Ashford
• Hardware: Minimum 512Mb RAM, CD-ROM,
University.
1Gb free disk space, sound card, and speakers;
If an applicant seeking to enroll in valid student
• Productivity Software: Microsoft Word,
nonimmigrant status is transferring from a college or
PowerPoint, Excel, and Adobe Acrobat;
university in the United States, the International Student
Transfer Clearance form is also required. If the applicant • Windows Media Player 7.0 or higher;
is accepted, he or she will be sent additional information • Web Browser: Firefox, Netscape 6 or greater;
regarding the student visa application process. Internet Explorer 5.5 or greater, Safari, or Opera;

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 79


On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
• Networking: 56k dialup modem and DSL or is declared. A change of major is accomplished by
cable modem; and submitting a completed Declaration of Major form for
• Email: Outlook, Outlook Express, Mac Mail, the new major, approved by the student’s Faculty
Eudora, Entourage, or Yahoo/Hotmail/Google Academic Advisor.
mail; and Requirements for Minors: Students may minor in a
• Compatible with 802.11b and/or 802.11g second field to complement their major studies at the
wireless networks. University. See Minors section of this Catalog for the
specific course requirements for these minors.
Declaration of Major and
Minor Course of Study Transfer Credits
Declaration of Major: Students who are planning Transfer credits will be evaluated by the Office of the
to pursue a Bachelor’s degree at the University are Registrar in terms of curriculum. Courses similar in
required to complete a Declaration of Major form prior content and level will be accepted as equivalents to
to registration for their first semester of enrollment. The University courses based on the following criteria:
form must be signed by the student’s Faculty Academic • Coursework must be completed at a regionally
Advisor. The student must satisfy the academic eligibility or approved nationally accredited college or
requirements of the involved department(s) at the time the university at the time the student attended.
major is declared. After the Declaration of Major form is
returned to the Registrar’s Office, an official degree plan is • Students transferring credits from international
prepared for the student. institutions will be accepted based on a detailed
evaluation from an approved evaluation service.
To be accepted into the Accounting, Professional
Accounting, Business Administration, or Health Care • Course must be freshman/sophomore level
Administration programs, the following conditions must or higher.
be fulfilled: • Course must not duplicate previously completed
• Completion of a minimum of 60 college credits coursework. Unless special conditions exist,
with a cumulative grade point average of 2.00; upper-division courses will not be considered
• Achieve an overall cumulative grade point equivalent or duplicative of lower-division
average of 2.50 in all major and collateral courses.
courses completed at the time a declaration of • Grade of “C-” or better must have been earned.
major is filed; and • A quarter credit taken in transfer will be equated
• New entering freshmen or transfer students to two-thirds of a semester credit.
without an Associate’s Degree must complete • The Associate of Arts degree from a regionally
MAT 332 by the end of their sophomore year accredited college or university, with a 2.0
(fourth semester). Transfer students with an cumulative grade point average, will be
Associate’s Degree must complete MAT 332 accepted as fulfilling all the General Education
or its equivalent by the end of their second requirements at Ashford University, with the
semester at Ashford University. Part-time exception that all students seeking a Bachelor
students should complete MAT 332 or its of Arts (BA) or a Bachelor of Science (BS)
equivalent by the conclusion of their fourth degree should have credit for college algebra
semester at Ashford University. or an acceptable substitute. This does not
The above requirements apply to both native students constitute a waiver of any course required to earn
and transfer students. The Office of the Registrar will in a major. In addition, Associate of Science
evaluate transfer credit through an official transcript (AS) degrees accepted as meeting the general
before accepting a transfer student into one of the education requirements for Bachelor of Arts
aforementioned majors. degrees offered through state universities in
To be accepted in Practitioner Preparation or to which the college granting the AS degree resides,
apply for student teaching, students must meet the will be accepted by Ashford as fulfilling all the
requirements outlined in the College of Education General Education and competency requirements
section. in Bachelor’s programs offered at Ashford
University. A maximum of 9 credits with a
Change of Major: Students changing their majors grade of “D” may be transferred to Ashford
must satisfy the academic eligibility requirements of University, for students with either an AA or AS
the involved department(s) at the time the new major degree. An Associate of Science degree with

80 Ashford University
On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
a 2.0 cumulative GPA will be reviewed on a
case-by-case basis for fulfillment of all General
Academic Policies
Education requirements. Credit Opportunities—
• Credits earned in certificate programs will be Nontraditional Learning
evaluated on an individual basis for the BA and Ashford University provides three methods of awarding
BS degrees. Courses taken that are similar to university-level credits for nontraditional learning:
those taken in an Associate of Arts or Associate through national credit recommendations, through
of Science degree program will be accepted national testing programs, and through the prior learning
in transfer. Exceptions to this policy must be assessment process. Credit maximums are specified by
approved in writing by the Vice President of degree program.
Academic Affairs. National Credit Recommendation Policies
• A maximum of 90 credits may be accepted in The University will award credits for American Council
transfer from a two-year institution. Limitations on Education (ACE) and Program on Noncollegiate
on the number and type of transfer credits Sponsored Instruction (PONSI) transcripts in accordance
accepted are set by each Ashford University with the level, number, and content area indicated by the
degree program. ACE and PONSI national guides. Students must submit an
ACE/PONSI transcript or other authentic documentation
• Ashford University’s 3+1 programs (Clinical of successful course completion, which indicates ACE/
Cytotechnology, Clinical Laboratory Science, PONSI credits earned, to the Office of the Registrar.
Nuclear Medicine Technology, and Health
Science) will accept up to 64 applicable transfer National Testing Programs
credits. Students are required to complete at Advanced Placement (AP)
least 30 hours at Ashford University before Students taking AP courses in high school and receiving
attending the professional training year in their a score of 3 or higher on a College Entrance Examination
area. The professional training will transfer back Board Advanced Placement test may receive college
an additional 30 to 34 hours of credit that will credit. Details of tests recognized and scores required are
apply toward their Ashford degree. available from the Registrar’s Office.
• Due to the rapid advancement of knowledge
in the chemistry and biology fields, the CLEP
acceptance of transfer credits earned more than Ashford University is a participating university in
10 years prior to the student’s admission to the College-Level Examination Program (CLEP).
Ashford University will be evaluated on a case- CLEP provides students of any age the opportunity to
by-case basis. demonstrate college-level achievement through a
program of examinations in undergraduate college
• Additional requirements and limits on courses. The University follows the policies for CLEP
transferability of credits may apply to students testing established by the Educational Testing Service.
who pursue the practitioner preparation program Ashford University will accept all CLEP exams with
in the College of Education. Transfer credits a minimum score of 50 except for Level II Foreign
will be evaluated against the most current Language. Those required scores are French: 62, German:
requirements of the State of Iowa by the 63, and Spanish: 66.
Registrar’s Office with final approval of the Dean
of the College of Education. Ashford University On-Campus College-Level
Applicants and/or students who have questions Examination Program (CLEP) Policy
concerning their transfer credit evaluation should CLEP examinations are administered on campus, by
contact the Registrar’s Office to discuss their concerns. individual request, throughout the year. Registration
Students requesting re-evaluation of specific transfer procedures and test information are available by
credits may be required to submit course descriptions and/ contacting the Flavian Center, Ashford University, 400 N.
or syllabi for the previous courses to be reviewed by the Bluff Boulevard, Clinton, IA; (563) 242-4023, ext. 7767
Registrar’s Office. or (800) 241-9893, ext 7767.
All available CLEP exams are administered on computer.
Each exam is 90 minutes long, except for the English
Composition with Essay, and is made up primarily of
multiple-choice questions; however, some exams do have
fill-in-the-blank questions.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 81


On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
Candidates may not repeat an examination within 180 Tutorial: To help students navigate through the
days (6 months) of the testing date. computerized test, a free downloadable tutorial is
Fees: The total cost is $15 plus the cost of the available on the CLEP Website at www.collegeboard.com/
examination. Test fees must be paid by credit card clep. The free CLEP Sampler contains the same tutorials
(preferred method of payment) or check/money order as the actual exams. The CLEP Official Study Guide for
made payable to Ashford University CLEP. Payment must all tests (not free) and Individual Subject Guides (not free)
be made prior to candidates taking the exam. are also available for download from the Website and
feature test-taking tips and procedures.
Score Reports: If students want their scores sent to a
college, employer, or certifying agency, this option must Test Invalidation (On-Campus): As an official CLEP
be selected through the exam software on the day of the Testing Center, Ashford University reserves the right to
exam. This service is free of charge only if the score invalidate a test session if a candidate uses a prohibited
recipient is selected at the time of the test. One institution item during the test administration or engages in
may be designated for free at the time of the exam. A $20 misconduct.
fee will be charged for each additional institution or for Prohibited Items: Use of the following items in the testing
a transcript ordered at a later date. Scores will be kept on room is strictly prohibited unless an approved exception
file by CLEP for twenty (20) years. has been specified by CLEP:
Students will be able to obtain unofficial test results at the • Food, beverages, or tobacco products;
time of testing, except for the English Composition with • Hats (unless worn as a religious requirement);
Essay exam.
• Hand-held calculators (a calculator function is
Special Accommodations: Students who will need built into the software for those tests that require
special accommodations must contact the CLEP Testing calculator use);
Center two weeks prior to taking the test. Only students
with documented hearing, learning, physical, or visual • Calculator watches, digital watches (wrist or
disabilities are eligible to receive testing accommodations. pocket), or alarm wristwatches;
CLEP Credit: Each institution sets its own policy • Wristwatch cameras or digital cameras;
regarding CLEP exams for which it will grant credit and • Dictionaries, books, pamphlets, or reference
how many credits it will award. materials;
For Students Planning to Attend Ashford University: At • Papers of any kind (except for authorized scratch
the time of the exam, students should designate Ashford paper provided in the testing room);
University as a score recipient. The college code number • Slide rules, protractors, compasses, or rulers;
is #6418.
• Highlighter pens and/or colored pens and
Students with previous CLEP results should request an pencils;
official transcript be sent to the Registrar’s Office at
Ashford University. • Cellular phones/pagers, beepers, “walkie talkie,”
or PDAs;
For Students Planning to Attend College Elsewhere:
Check directly with the college or university you plan to • Wireless communication devices of any kind
attend to find out which exams are accepted, what scores (e.g., BlackBerry);
are required, and how much credit will be granted. • Listening devices, radios with headphones, or
Duplication and Regression: It is the student’s recorders;
responsibility to make sure that CLEP tests do not • Copying or photographic devices;
duplicate previous credit earned. A student may not • Transmission or receiving devices;
earn credit by examination in an area in which he or she
previously has completed an equivalent course, a course • Mechanical pencils or any type of pen;
of similar level, or one that is more advanced in content • Nonmedical electronic devices (e.g., laptop
level. Some CLEP tests may be duplications of other computers or digital assistants);
national testing programs, such as Advanced Placement
• Candidate-provided keyboards; and
(AP) tests. If you are an Ashford University currently
enrolled student, you should check with your advisor • Any other unauthorized testing aids.
to determine if specific CLEP tests will fit into your
academic plan and not duplicate previous credit awarded.

82 Ashford University
On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
Misconduct: Candidates involved in any misconduct time student is dropping to part-time status, the student
will be asked to terminate their exams and to leave the must also have the permission of the Vice President of
testing room. Exam scores will be cancelled. Examples of Academic Affairs, the Dean of Students, the Athletic
misconduct are as follows: Director (if a student athlete), and the Residence Life
• Giving or receiving assistance of any kind; Director (if a resident student). Students receiving
financial aid who drop courses should contact the
• Using any of the prohibited aids listed; Director of Financial Aid to determine how the change in
• Taking or attempting to take an exam for registration affects their financial aid status. The form used
someone else; to add or drop a course can be obtained in the Registrar’s
• Failing to follow test regulations or the test Office. The change is not official until the form is received
administrator’s instructions; by the Registrar’s Office. The date the form is returned to
the Registrar’s Office becomes the official date of change.
• Removing or attempting to remove test questions
and/or responses (in any format) from the testing Last Day to Add a Class
room; A course may not be added after the first nine days of
• Tampering with the operation of the computer or classes without the approval of the Vice President of
attempting to use it for any function other than Academic Affairs, the Faculty Academic Advisor, and the
for taking the exam; instructor of the course to be added.
• Leaving the testing room without permission; Course Drop
and To officially drop from a class or classes without
• Causing a disturbance of any kind. withdrawing permanently from the program, a student
must complete and submit a written request to the
Prior Learning Assessment Registrar’s Office. (Forms are available in the Registrar’s
The Ashford University Prior Learning Assessment Office.) The date this form is received by the Registrar’s
Program allows students pursuing a baccalaureate degree Office will be the official date of determination and single
the opportunity to earn credit for college-level learning course drop date of the course for grading purposes.
that occurs outside a traditional classroom setting. Official Program Withdrawal
Students may earn credit in two ways: An on-campus student wishing to officially withdraw
• Through faculty evaluation of sponsored from Ashford University must notify the Registrar’s
professional training; and Office. Students notifying Ashford University for
• Through faculty evaluation of experiential official withdrawal will be asked to complete a written
learning via the experiential essay process. withdrawal form.
The student must resolve any financial obligations to
Registration Ashford University before receiving an official transcript
Registration for classes each semester is conducted on from the Registrar’s Office.
dates announced by the Registrar’s Office. Currently
enrolled students should contact their Faculty Academic Class Load
Advisors for assistance during each registration period. A full-time class load is 12−18 credits. Additional tuition
The Registrar’s Office assists new students with their is charged beyond the 18th credit. A student who plans to
assignments to a Faculty Academic Advisor for the register for more than 18 credits must have the permission
initial registration. Registration for classes and changes of the Vice President of Academic Affairs. A student
to the schedule should be made through the Registrar’s on academic probation is usually limited to 12 credits.
Office prior to or on the official registration day for each Exceptions must be approved by the Vice President of
semester, as indicated in the Catalog. An additional late Academic Affairs.
fee may be charged for registrations completed after the
official registration day. The University reserves the
right to cancel any course due to low enrollment or for
Degree-Seeking Student Classifications
Class Level:
other reasons.
Changes in Registration: Each student should carefully Freshman: 0-29 credits earned
plan an educational program of study with the assistance Sophomore: 30-59 credits earned
of a Faculty Academic Advisor. If a change in registration
Junior: 60-89 credits earned
is desired, permission of the Faculty Academic Advisor
and the instructor(s) involved must be obtained. If a full- Senior: 90 or more credits earned

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 83


On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
Enrollment Status: • Take a regularly scheduled Scholars Institute
course;
Less than half-time: 1-5 credits
• Take one of their regular courses with an
Half-time: 6-8 credits
“honors option,” which would be worked out
Three-quarter time: 9-11 credits between the student and the professor; or
Full-time: 12 or more credits • Complete a “special topics” research-oriented
project where the student and professor
Auditing Courses work collaboratively on the parameters and
Students may register to audit lecture classes on a space- requirements for the project.
available basis. Students who are auditing a course The following scale indicates minimum standards for each
are expected to attend class regularly. They are not grade level:
responsible for written assignments or examinations. A
# of upper- # of public
student who wishes to change from audit to credit seeking Grade Level # of credits
level credits presentations*
must notify the Registrar’s Office by the end of the first
two weeks of classes. Freshman 18 9 3
Sophomore 12 6 2
Scholars Institute Juniors/
The Scholars Institute is the University’s honors program, 9 6 2
Transfers
which offers an enhanced undergraduate experience
• *Participate in an end-of-semester forum of
for able and highly motivated students in any of the
Scholars Institute students where papers, projects
University’s On-Campus Traditional Program majors.
or other demonstrations are presented in a public
At the heart of the curricular experience is a series of
setting and open to the entire campus community.
limited-enrollment, interdisciplinary honors courses
(This is in addition to students presenting their
taught by selected faculty. In addition, Scholars Institute
work in the context of a regular class with honors
members have opportunities to work closely with senior
component requirements.) Presentations should
University faculty in joint research projects, to participate
be a minimum of ten minutes in length.
in distinctive co- and extracurricular activities, and to have
access to enhanced internships and capstone courses. • Maintain a portfolio of scholarly work completed
for each honors course (examples would include
Requirements for Admission and Membership papers, research projects, presentations, etc.).
For admission into the Scholars Institute, students must
complete the following requirements: Testing Services
• Fill out an application for admittance and submit Placement exams in math and English are administered
it to the Director of the Scholars Institute; to all incoming freshman prior to the start of their first
semester. These exams are designed to assist in the
• Submit a sample of his or her formal writing,
academic placement of students in these subject areas.
either from a previous class or newly written;
and
Veterans
• Possess a cumulative G.P.A. of 3.50 or higher Students who are eligible for educational benefits from
(For incoming freshmen, high school G.P.A. is the Veterans Administration should notify the Financial
considered.). Aid Director of their intention to enroll. Assistance in the
To maintain membership in the Scholars Institute, students certification procedure will be provided. Veteran students
must meet the following requirements: are required by the Veterans Administration to maintain
• Maintain a cumulative G.P.A. of 3.50 or higher satisfactory progress in their educational program. These
and a minimum of 3.50 in honors-designated regulations are available from the Financial Aid Director
courses. and are followed by the University, or students can visit
the following website: http://vabenefits.vba.va.gov/
• Complete a minimum number of credits of vonapp/main.asp.
Scholars Institute or honors-designated courses,
a percentage of which must be at the 300- or Grade Reports
400-level. It is also strongly recommended that At mid-semester, the University will make a reasonable
at least half of the courses be the designated attempt to notify any student who is performing at the
Scholars Institute courses offered each semester. level of a “D” or “F” grade in a course. Grade reports
Students have three options for fulfilling are accessible to all students at the end of each semester.
membership requirements:

84 Ashford University
On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
Only final semester grades are recorded on the official Leave of Absence Policy
transcript. Campus/Semester-Based Programs
Although Ashford University encourages continuous
Academic Advisement enrollment from the time of matriculation through
The University has supportive faculty and staff members graduation for all students, from time to time
who work with each student to help ensure the student’s circumstances may arise that warrant a short break
success at Ashford University. A Faculty Academic in enrollment. Students who need to request a break
Advisor is appointed for each degree-seeking student. The in enrollment may request an official Leave of
Faculty Academic Advisor assists in the development of Absence (LOA).
a class schedule that is tailored to meet the interests and
• A LOA may be considered an approved leave
educational goals of the student. If a student decides to
if the request is made after the second week of
change majors, the Registrar’s Office should be notified
the beginning of the semester and before the
immediately. Students may request a change of Faculty
conclusion of the 12th week of the semester.
Academic Advisor by application to the Registrar’s Office.
• A financial aid student considering a Leave of
Semester-Based Course Attendance Policy Absence should contact the Financial Aid Office
The attendance policy at Ashford University is based to discuss the impact on financial aid eligibility.
on the commitment of the faculty and administration to At the point a student withdraws from all classes
helping students develop the work habits and skills that or falls below at least half-time enrollment status,
are essential for achieving academic success. student loan grace/repayment periods begin.
Students are required to attend the classes and labs for • The start date of the Leave of Absence is based
courses in which they are enrolled. They are expected to on the last date of class attendance.
arrive on time for each class and to remain for the entire • Students are allowed one Leave of Absence per
class unless prior arrangements have been made with academic year.
the instructor. If a student is excused from class due to
• The scheduled return date must be no later than
a University-sponsored activity, that student is expected
the start of the next semester, which cannot
to arrange with the instructor for all class work and
exceed the 180 days.
assignments to be made up before the event. Students
on academic probation must receive prior approval for • Students who are requesting a leave of absence
missing class for a University sponsored event from the must complete a Leave of Absence Request
course instructor and the Vice President of Academic form. Failure to return to school on or before
Affairs. If a student must miss a class due to an emergency scheduled/approved re-entry date will result in
over which he or she has no control, the student must the student’s withdrawal from the program.
contact the instructor to determine what preparation is • Leave of Absence Requests must be SIGNED
needed before returning to the next class. AND SUBMITTED ON OR BEFORE the last
Faculty members are required to report absences from day of class attendance. Requests submitted after
their classes, on a weekly basis, to the Registrar’s the last day of attendance require an explanation.
office. Federal regulations require that the University Requests submitted greater than 15 days after last
establish a last date of attendance for any student who date of attendance will not be approved.
ceases attending the University and return financial aid • Students who do not return from an approved
funds according to federal guidelines and University Leave of Absence will be withdrawn from the
policy. Students who do not attend any classes for two University as of the last date of documented
consecutive weeks will be administratively withdrawn attendance.
from the program by the Registrar’s Office. The student’s
grades for the semester will be determined according Final Examinations
to the Course Drop policy guidelines outlined in the The academic year is divided into two semesters of
Academic Information and Policies–General section of approximately sixteen weeks each, beginning in late
this Catalog. August and in mid-January of each year. The last week of
Faculty members will include a clearly stated policy on each semester is reserved for final exams. Some form of
each course syllabus to further explain how absences will final evaluation (exam, project, report, etc.) is required in
affect a student’s grade in that course. every course and should be given at the time designated
by the Registrar’s Office on the final exam schedule.
Exceptions to this policy must receive the written
approval of the Vice President of Academic Affairs at least

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 85


On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
two weeks prior to the scheduled exam week. A student’s Cumulative GPA includes all undergraduate-level
absence from a final examination without a serious reason coursework attempted at Ashford University, excluding
and permission of the instructor may be recorded as a grades of Pass, I, or W. Only the latter grade is counted
failure in the course. Deciding the nature of final exams as when a course is repeated. No grades are recorded or
well as the frequency of other exams during the course is counted toward GPA for transfer credits or prior learning
the responsibility of the individual instructor. credits. A successful completion rate equals 67% or 2/3 of
all attempted credits. Attempted undergraduate credits are
On-Campus Traditional Satisfactory all course attempts recorded on the academic transcript;
Academic Progress (SAP) Requirements repeated courses are not excluded. Grades that count
We are dedicated to the academic success of our students. negatively against successful completion rates include
In this vein, the following policy outlines the academic I, W, WF, and F. Successful completion of all program
requirements for Ashford University on-campus traditional requirements must be accomplished within 150% of the
programs and how they will be measured to ensure that normal length of the program.
students are making satisfactory academic progress toward
successful degree completion. Probationary periods Satisfactory Academic
provide an opportunity for students to improve academic Progress Review and Evaluation
performance and meet overall requirements for degree Reviews will take place at the end of each semester
completion. Students on probation should meet with their (including summer) in traditional semester-based
Faculty Academic Advisors to discuss course scheduling programs. Undergraduate students will be evaluated
and planning for remediation. Please contact the Ashford against the GPA and 67% requirement for satisfactory
University Registrar with any questions concerning the academic progress at the conclusion of every 12 attempted
requirements outlined in this policy. credits at Ashford University.

Undergraduate Semester-Based Probation, Appeal, and Dismissal


Program Measures Students who do not meet the minimum requirements
• Week = 7 calendar days for making satisfactory academic progress at the time
• Academic Year = 32 weeks of instructional time of evaluation are placed on academic probation for the
• Semester/Term = 16 weeks of instructional time following term. Students will be given up to 12 credits
of attempted coursework to meet the requirements for
• Full-Time Enrollment = 12 credits or more per satisfactory academic progress. All coursework attempted
semester/term after the term during which the student did not meet
On-campus traditional undergraduate students must meet satisfactory academic progress will be counted as a part
the minimum criteria of a cumulative GPA in Ashford of the first-term probationary period. Students who are
University coursework of 2.00 to make satisfactory otherwise eligible to receive Title IV financial aid will be
academic progress. eligible to receive Title IV financial aid while on first-term
academic probation.
The following majors require a 2.50 GPA standard:
Students on probation who do not meet the requirements
• Bachelor of Arts in Elementary Education;
for satisfactory academic progress at the conclusion of 12
• Bachelor of Arts in English and Communication attempted credits may be dismissed from the University.
with Secondary Education Track; However, students who have shown marked improvement
• Bachelor of Arts in Natural Science; and/or who have experienced extreme temporary hardship
during this probationary period but have not met the
• Bachelor of Arts in Social Science with
requirements for satisfactory academic progress may
Secondary Education Track;
appeal to the Associate University Registrar/Campus
• Bachelor of Science in Clinical Cytotechnology; Services to take up to 12 additional credits of coursework
• Bachelor of Science in Clinical Laboratory for second-term probation.
Science; Students granted an appeal for a second-term probation
• Bachelor of Science in Computer Science and may be required to retake coursework previously
Mathematics with Secondary Education Track; completed to increase the likelihood of successfully
meeting satisfactory academic progress and/or graduation
• Bachelor of Science in Natural Science with
requirements. These requirements may affect the
Secondary Education Track; and
student’s eligibility for financial aid funds.
• Bachelor of Science in Nuclear Medicine
Technology.

86 Ashford University
On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
In rare circumstances, students who have been dismissed Academic Standards for Student Athletes
from the University for failure to meet satisfactory Eligibility to participate in intercollegiate athletics is
academic progress requirements may be re-admitted after governed by the standards adopted by the National
one or more years have elapsed since their last date of Association for Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) and
attendance. Students must appeal to the Registrar for re- supplemented by the University Athletic Handbook.
admission and must present compelling evidence that they
have the ability to succeed in an academic program due Graduation Requirements for
to changed circumstances, experience, and/or successful BA and BS Degrees
completion of college-level credits during the period of To be eligible for the Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of
absence. Students who are approved by the Registrar Science degrees, a student must successfully accomplish
and appropriate Dean, Vice President of Academic the following:
Affairs, or Provost for re-admission after dismissal will
be on academic probation, and will be required to meet • Completion of the General Education
specific academic requirements outlined in writing from requirements, including competencies;
the Registrar to return to good standing. Failure to meet • Completion of a minimum of 120 credits that are
specific requirements will result in dismissal without the 100-level or higher;
opportunity for re-admission.
• Completion of all major course requirements;
• The appeal must be made prior to the student’s
• Completion of all collateral course requirements
enrollment in any classes that begin after the
(where applicable);
first-term probationary period.
• Minimum cumulative grade point of 2.00
• The written appeal must include a reasonable
in all coursework attempted and in major,
explanation for the student’s academic
minor, and collateral coursework attempted at
performance to date, which may include
the University. Students with more than one
mitigating circumstances such as student injury/
major must average 2.00 in each major (A
illness, death of a student’s family member, or
cumulative grade point of 2.50 is required for
other reasons resulting in undue hardship to
the business education, clinical cytotechnology,
the student, and a plan for completion of the
and elementary education majors and all majors
coursework required for removal from probation
seeking secondary education endorsements.);
during the following term.
• A minimum of 30 credits in upper-division
• Appeals will be evaluated by a committee made
courses numbered 300-level or above. At least
up of the University Registrar or an Associate
21 of these credits should be credit for major or
Registrar and an Academic Administrator
collateral courses;
who has oversight in the student’s program of
study. The decision of the Committee will be • No more than 45 credits in a single department
communicated in writing to the student by the (Neither limit is applicable to students majoring
Registrar’s Office. Students who are otherwise in Clinical Laboratory Science); and
eligible to receive Title IV financial aid will be • Completion of 30 credits from the University.
eligible to receive Title IV financial aid while on
second-term academic probation. Note: Faculty Academic Advisors assist students with
course selection, but it is the student’s responsibility to
• Students who do not meet the requirements for
ensure that he or she fulfills the above requirements.
satisfactory academic progress at the conclusion
of 24 credits in probationary status will be
dismissed from the University. Dismissed Graduation Requirements
students are not eligible to receive Title IV for BAS Degrees
financial aid. To be eligible for a Bachelor of Applied Science degree, a
student must successfully accomplish the following:
• If at any point during the program it becomes
clear that the student will not be able to • An Associate of Applied Science or similar
successfully complete all program requirements degree from an institution accredited by a
at the conclusion of 150% of the normal length recognized agency or association; and
of a program (measured in credits), he or she will • Completion of the University’s baccalaureate
be dismissed from the University. General Education requirements, including
competencies, with the following modifications:

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 87


On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
• Aesthetic Awareness: Any 3 credit art or of Academic Affairs and the College Deans have
music course may be taken to satisfy the authority to waive or to provide substitute coursework
requirement (as may ENG 225 or SPE 301). for program requirements.
• Literature: Any literature course may be taken
to satisfy the literature requirement.
• Social Awareness: Any history course may
College of Arts and Sciences:
be used to satisfy the historical perspectives Bachelor of Arts Degree
requirement. Programs and Requirements
• Values and Beliefs: PHI 402 may be taken to
satisfy the philosophy requirement.
Bachelor of Arts in
• Completion of a minimum of 120 credits that are English and Communication
100-level or higher. (The University will accept The English and Communication program is designed to
up to 64 transfer credits earned as part of an AAS provide a framework for developing an understanding of
degree.); the complex and changing nature of human interaction.
• Completion of core requirements in accounting, Exploring literary works provides insights on social,
computer, computer graphic design, health and philosophic, and moral aspects of human interaction;
human services management, or management engaging in communication through writing, speaking,
(see BAS section for specific requirements). and technological media presents resources for building
The degree will be noted on the transcript as meaningful and productive human relationships. This
a Bachelor of Applied Science degree in the combination of intellectual inquiry and communication
chosen core; practice, therefore, provides students with fundamental
• A minimum grade point average of 2.00 in all ideas and skills for developing effective human interaction
work at the University and a minimum 2.00 in the workplace and in all aspects of life.
grade point average in core, track, specialization,
and minor courses, if applicable; Program Outcomes
Students in the English and Communication
• Completion of at least 30 credits of upper-
program will be able to:
division credit (300-level or higher); and
• Communicate effectively in written, oral, and
• Completion of 30 credits from the University.
non-verbal modalities;
Decisions on the applicability of courses taken as part • Utilize appropriate communication skills in a
of an AAS degree to General Education requirements variety of contexts;
(including competencies) will be made by the Vice • Interpret various literary genres and works in
President of Academic Affairs and the Associate their cultural contexts;
University Registrar, in consultation with relevant faculty.
• Demonstrate knowledge of rhetorical,
Note: Although Faculty Academic Advisors and journalistic, and mass media communication
Registrar’s Advisors assist students in course selection, techniques;
it is the student’s responsibility to ensure that he or she • Demonstrate adaptability in technological
fulfills all graduation requirements. communication;
• Conduct effective independent research; and
Changes in Degree Requirements
Students have the option of satisfying degree requirements • Integrate significant literary ideas and themes
under any Catalog in use during their period of continuous into the development of a personal worldview.
attendance. Students are required to notify the Registrar’s
Office of any decision to follow degree requirements Requirements for the Major
under a Catalog other than the one in place at the time of Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
initial enrollment. General Education Requirements: 46 credits
Major requirements for graduation are those in effect Common Core Requirements: 12 credits
at the time the student declares a major. Changes in
requirements after this time may apply, provided they Literature/Comm. Track: 24-25 credits
do not require a student to prolong the time required to Electives: 37-38 credits
complete the degree requirements. The Vice President

88 Ashford University
On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
Students majoring in English and Communication will • CGD/JRN 303 Publication Design (3 credits)
successfully complete the Common Core and one of the • CGD/JRN 318 Public Relations Practices and
following three tracks. Professional Writing (3 credits)
Common Core Requirements (12 credits) • CGD/JRN 340 Print Production (3 credits)
6 credits (2 courses) in 200-level literature surveys: • JRN 210 Introduction to Reporting (3 credits)
• ENG 201 American Literature to 1865 (3 credits) • JRN 211 News Reporting Lab (3 credits)
• ENG 202 American Literature After 1865 (up to an additional 3 credits beyond the above
(3 credits) requirement)
• ENG 203 British Literature I (3 credits) • ENG 315 Business and Professional Writing
• ENG 204 British Literature II (3 credits) (3 credits)

• ENG 212 African-American Literature (3 credits) • ENG /JRN 328 Scientific and Technical Writing
(3 credits)
• ENG 217 International Voices (3 credits)
• JRN 310 Editorial and Feature Writing (3 credits)
Note: Students in the Secondary Education Concentration
will take either ENG 201 or ENG 202, and either ENG • ENG 318 Creative Writing (3 credits)
203 or ENG 204. • ENG/JRN 490 Communications Internship
One Course in composition: (3 credits)

• ENG 223 Intermediate Composition (3 credits) • INF 240 Visual and Verbal Presentations
(3 credits)
One Course in linguistics:
One Course of portfolio:
• ENG 321 Introductory Linguistics (3 credits)
• ENG/JRN 480 Communications Portfolio
Literature Track (25 credits) (3 credits)
6 courses (18 credits) in literature courses:
English/Language Arts Track/Endorsement 5-12
• Must be numbered 300-level or higher. (22 credits)
ENG 318 Creative Writing (3 credits) may be This endorsement is for students intending to teach
substituted for 3 credits (one course). in middle or high school. In addition to meeting the
One Course in research: requirements enumerated below, students in this
• ENG 380 Literary Research (3 credits) endorsement must also satisfy requirements for admission
to the College of Education’s Practitioner Preparation
Two courses (4 credits) in thesis: Program and successfully complete all other requirements
• ENG 498 Senior Thesis I (2 credits) for licensure.
• ENG 499 Senior Thesis II (2 credits) One Course in 200-level literature:
• EDU 203 Child and Adolescent Literature
Communications Track (24 credits)
(3 credits)
One Course in journalism:
One Course in secondary reading:
• JRN 211* News Reporting Lab (3 credits)
• ERE 240 Secondary Reading (3 credits)
*JRN 210 and JRN 310 are both prerequisites to JRN 211.
One Course in research:
One Course in speech
• ENG 380 Literary Research (3 credits)
• SPE 301 Oral Interpretation (3 credits) OR
SPE 315 Business and Professional Speaking Three Courses (9 credits) in literature:
(3 credits) • Any literature course 300-level or higher
15 credits from the following pool of courses: One Course in speech:
• ART 225 Photography I (3 credits) • SPE 301 Oral Interpretation (3 credits)
• CGD/JRN 217 Survey of Graphic One Course in English teaching:
Communications (3 credits)
• ENG 330 Teaching Literary Genres and
• CGD/JRN 240 Media Writing and Editing Techniques (1 credit)
(3 credits) (taken concurrently with EDU 342)
• CGD/JRN 253 Web Publishing (3 credits)

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 89


On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
Additional Education Requirements (47 credits): in order to deal with the complexities of environmental,
• EDU 200 Introduction to Education and Field cultural, and social issues that are local, national, and
Experience I (1 credit) global in scale.
• EDU 215 Educational Psychology (3 credits)
Program Outcomes
• EDU 250 Foundations of American Education Students in the Environmental Studies program will be
(2 credits) able to:
• EDU 270 Principles of Education and Field • Demonstrate specific knowledge of material,
Experience II (2 credits) information, and techniques in the natural
• EDU 310 Integrating Technology in the sciences relating to a career in the environmental
Classroom (2 credits) fields;
• EDU 330 General Methods of Secondary • Demonstrate specific knowledge of material and
Education (3 credits) information in the humanities and social sciences
• EDU 331 Practicum: Secondary Education relating to a career in the environmental fields;
(1 credit) • Demonstrate critical reading, thinking, and
• EDU 342 English/Language Arts Specific communication skill using language specific to
Methods (3 credits) the environmental fields;

• EDU 343 Practicum Secondary English/ • Demonstrate the ability to utilize appropriate
Language Arts (1 credit) current technologies that allow their work and
knowledge in the field to meet or exceed course
• EDU 370 Human Relations Skills for Educators expectations; and
(1 credit)
• Demonstrate critical thinking, reading, and
• EDU 460 Student Teaching in the Secondary integration skills in the analysis of complex
School (8 credits) AND 461 Student Teaching in situations in order to develop descriptions,
the Secondary School (7 credits) OR EDU 462 interpretations, and solutions regarding issues in
Student Teaching in the Secondary School the environmental fields.
(15 credits)
• EDU 458 Student Teaching Seminar (1 credit) Requirements for the Major
• ERE 312 Reading in Secondary Education Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
Content Areas (3 credits) General Education Requirements: 46 credits
• PSY 104 Child and Adolescent Development Major Course Requirements: 40 credits
(3 credits) Minor (student’s choice): 18-27 credits
• PSY/ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students Required Electives: 11 credits
(3 credits)
Electives: 0-5 credits
• ESE 325 Behavior Management in the
Classroom (3 credits)
Students majoring in Environmental Studies will complete
the following requirements:
Bachelor of Arts in Environmental Studies
The B.A. in Environmental Studies prepares students Major Course Requirements (40 credits)
as professionals and citizens of the world for work in • ENV 101 Humanity and the Environment
environmental careers. Environmental Studies is an (4 credits)
interdisciplinary program that instills in students an • ENV 300 Environmental Biology (3 credits)
ability to better understand the relationships between
• ENV 301 Environmental Studies Seminar
humans and environments and humanity’s impact on
(3 credits) (cross-listed with BIO 301)
different environments. Students work individually
and collaboratively to acquire the knowledge, skills, • ENV 306 Environmental Chemistry
attitudes, and motivation to seek out solutions to global (4 credits)
environmental issues. Through interdisciplinary study • ENV 310 Environmental Policies (3 credits)
in science, the social sciences, and the humanities,
• ENV 345 Business and the Environment
Environmental Studies encourages students to embrace
(3 credits)
the interconnections in knowledge and the environment

90 Ashford University
On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
• ENV 498 Senior Thesis I (2 credits) Electives (0-5 credits to meet minimum 120
• ENV 499 Senior Thesis II (2 credits) degree credit requirement)
• *Each of these courses will be allowed to count
• ANT 101 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology*
as both a required course and as a General
(3 credits)
Education requirement (ANT 101 = Multicultural
• PHY 103 Weather and Climate* (4 credits) OR Perspective, PHY 103/105 = Physical World,
PHY 105 Introduction to Physical Science* POL 201 = Social Perspective, PHI 310 = Values
(4 credits) and Beliefs).
• POL 201 American National Government*
(3 credits) (prerequisite for ENV 310)
Bachelor of Arts in
• ENG 328 Scientific and Technical Writing Health Care Administration
(3 credits) The Bachelor in Health Care Administration is designed
• LIB 315 The Environment and the Human Spirit to meet the learning needs of health care professionals
(INTD) (3 credits) and others in the acquisition of foundational knowledge
in health-related topics, operations, and applications.
Minor Requirement (18 credits minimum) The Health Care Administration degree is characterized
• Students must complete a minor of their choice; by an interdisciplinary and integrated learning approach,
all minors are applicable except Environmental reflecting the realities of the health care system. Specific
Studies. curriculum in health administration, regulation and
financing, health care planning, health policy, and quality
Required Electives (11 credits) monitoring is provided.
Additional courses from the following:
Courses included in the minor requirement do not meet Program Outcomes
these requirements. Students in the Health Care Administration program will
• BIO 103 Principles of General Biology I be able to:
(4 credits)
• Examine the requirements of continued learning
• BIO 104 Principles of General Biology II for health care professionals;
(4 credits)
• Evaluate the contributions of volunteerism within
• BIO 201 Microbiology (4 credits) the context of the health care delivery system;
• BIO 210/310 Field Techniques Laboratory • Explore the ramifications of cultural and social-
(4 credits) demographic variables as they impact the
• CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits) delivery of health care;
• CHE 152 General Chemistry II (4 credits) • Demonstrate the integration of multi-disciplinary
knowledge into the multiple perspectives of the
• ENV 420 Environmental Internship (variable
U.S. health care system;
credits)
• Analyze the major financing systems of U.S.
• LIB 313 Moral Controversies in Technology
health care services;
(INTD) (3 credits)
• Discuss the provision of health care services
• LIB 318 Peacemaking: A Study of Conflict
across the life span;
Resolution (INTD) (3 credits)
• Communicate the major forces driving change in
• LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives
the U.S. health care system; and
(INTD) (3 credits)
• Analyze health care delivery’s outcome research.
• LIB 332 Science and Culture (INTD) (3 credits)
• An introductory statistics course (3 credits) Requirements For the Major
• PHI 310 Franciscanism Yesterday and Today* Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
(3 credits) General Education Requirements: 46 credits
• PHI 402 Business Ethics (3 credits) Major Requirements: 37 credits
• SOC 203 Social Problems (3 credits) Electives: 37 credits
Note: Special topics courses may be included with the
permission of the Program Director.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 91


On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
Major Course Requirements (37 credits): Requirements for the Major
• ACC 281 Accounting Concepts for Health Care Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
Professionals (3 credits) General Education Requirements: 46 credits
• BUS 303 Human Resource Management Major Requirements: 42-43 credits
(3 credits)
Electives: 12 credits
• HCA 305 The U.S. Health Care System
(3 credits)
Major Course Requirements
• HCA 311 Health Care Financing and Information Four Survey courses (12 credits):
Systems (3 credits)
• HIS 103 World Civilizations I (3 credits)
• HCA 322 Health Care Ethics and Medical Law
• HIS 104 World Civilizations II (3 credits)
(3 credits)
• HIS 203 American History to 1865 (3 credits)
• HCA 340 Managing Health and Human Services
(3 credits) • HIS 204 American History Since 1865 (3 credits)
• HCA 375 Continuous Quality Monitoring and One Methodology Course (3 credits) from the following:
Accreditation (3 credits) • HIS 378 Historiography & Historical
• HCA 415 Community and Public Health Methodologies (3 credits)
(3 credits) • LIB 307 Social Science Seminar (3 credits)
• HCA 430 Special Populations (3 credits) Eight Upper-level Content Courses (24 credits) from the
• HCA 421 Health Care Planning and Evaluation following:
(3 credits) • Choose eight courses from available courses.
• HCA 459 Senior Project (4 credits) OR LIB 325 The Civil War in American Culture
HCA 402 Health Care Internship (3-6 credits) (3 credits) may be counted. At least two courses
must be in American history and at least two
• SOC 313 Social Implications of Medical Issues
courses in non-American history.
(3 credits)
Capstone (3-4 credits):
Bachelor of Arts in History • HIS 497 History Capstone (3 credits); OR
In a world transformed by the powerful tides of
globalization, history provides an intellectual toolkit for • LIB 498 Senior Thesis/Project I (2 credits) and
dealing with complex national and international realities. LIB 499 Senior Thesis/Project II (2 credits); OR
Every aspect of the present is rooted in aspects of the past • Students will designate a research paper written
Immersion in place-based knowledge and understanding in an upper-level content course to demonstrate
how unintended consequences shape our lives help mastery of major learning outcomes. Those
students to understand an increasingly complex world. choosing the last option will take an additional
Program Outcomes content area course.
• Identify appropriate historical sources and
utilize them in the creation of written and/or oral Bachelor of Arts in Natural Science
narratives and analyses; The B.A. in Natural Science prepares students to become
licensed teachers in secondary schools in the state of
• Interpret events, institutions, and human Iowa. The program provides a broad base in the sciences,
communities in their historical contexts; with further specialization to allow for endorsements in
• Explain historical phenomena in terms biology, chemistry, or general science.
of causation, agency, significance, and
consequence; Program Outcomes
• Demonstrate an understanding of the
• Distinguish between history and other ways of
fundamental content and processes in biology,
thinking about the past;
chemistry, and general science;
• Practice historical scholarship in an ethical
• Analyze science problems and interpret data
manner;
using the scientific method;
• Utilize chronology appropriately; and
• Incorporate science processes using an
• Relate historical phenomena to their interdisciplinary approach in biology, chemistry,
geographical contexts. and general science;

92 Ashford University
On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
• Relate science to the daily lives and interest of • EDU 460 Student Teaching in the Secondary
students through science instruction; School and EDU 461 Student Teaching in the
• Demonstrate ability to organize, implement, and Secondary School (15 credits)
assess science programs; • EDU 458 Student Teaching Seminar (1 credit)
• Demonstrate ability to effectively plan and teach • ERE 312 Reading in Secondary Education
science in both the lecture and lab components; Content Areas (3 credits)
and • PSY 104 Child and Adolescent Development
• Use technology to help solve problems and (3 credits)
communicate information. • PSY/ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students
(3 credits)
Requirements for the Major
Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits • ESE 325 Behavioral Management in the
Classroom (3 credits)
General Education Requirements: 46 credits
Major Requirements: 62 credits Endorsements Requirements
beyond Core Requirements
Electives: 12 credits Multiple endorsements are possible by meeting each
Endorsement Requirements: credits depend on individual endorsement or a combination is possible after
endorsement selection completing one endorsement and an additional 15 hours
(see following) in another endorsement area.
Biology Endorsement
Major Course Requirements (62 credits)
Core courses (15 credits) Required courses:
• BIO 104 Principles of Biology II (4 credits)
• BIO 103 Principles of Biology I (4 credits)
Choose at least 1 course of the following:
• CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits)
• BIO 205 Human Anatomy & Physiology I
• PHY 201 College Physics I (4 credits) (4 credits)
• BIO 301 Science Seminar (3 credits) • BIO 340 Cell Biology (4 credits)
Education Requirements (47 credits) • BIO 342 Genetics and Immunology (4 credits)
• EDU 200 Introduction to Education (Elementary Choose at least 1 course of the following:
& Secondary) & Field Experience I (1 credit)
• BIO 101 Humanity and the Environment
• EDU 215 Educational Psychology (3 credits) (4 credits)
• EDU 250 Foundations of American Education • BIO 210 Field Techniques Laboratory (4 credits)
(2 credits)
Choose any of the following to total 24 credits
• EDU 270 Principles of Education (Preschool, of biology:
Elementary, & Secondary) & Field Experience II
(2 credits) • BIO 201 Microbiology (4 credits)
• BIO 204 Biology: Special Problems: Mu Sigma
• EDU 310 Integrating Technology in the Eta (1 credit)
Classroom (2 credits)
• BIO 206 Human Anatomy & Physiology II
• EDU 330 General Methods of Secondary (4 credits)
Education (3 credits)
• BIO 225 Medical Biology for Health Care
• EDU 331 Practicum in Secondary General (3 credits)
Methods Literature (1 credit)
• BIO 300 Environmental Biology (3 credits)
• EDU 346 Business Education Methods
(3 credits) • BIO 310 Field Experience for Biology (4 credits)

• EDU 347 Business Education Methods Chemistry Endorsement


(1 credit) Required courses
• EDU 370 Human Relations Skills for Educators • CHE 152 General Chemistry II (4 credits)
(1 credit) • CHE 203 Demonstrations for Teachers (3 credits)
• CHE 301 Organic Chemistry I (5 credits)

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 93


On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
Elective courses (Choose any of the following to total 24 Requirements for the Major
hours in chemistry): Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
• CHE 302 Organic Chemistry II (5 credits) General Education Requirements: 46 credits
• CHE 306 Environmental Chemistry (4 credits) Major Requirements: 36-37 credits
• CHE 313 Nuclear Chemistry (3 credits) Electives: 37-38 credits
• CHE 315 Quantitative Chemistry (4 credits)
Major Course Requirements (36-37 credits)
General Science Endorsement: • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits)
This endorsement can be earned with 8 additional hours in
• PSY 104 Child/Adolescent Development
biology, chemistry, or physics after completing the major
(3 credits)
core requirements. Students in this degree program must
also satisfy requirements for admission to the College of • PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits)
Education’s Practitioner Preparation Program, acceptance • PSY 304 Lifespan Development (3 credits)
into student teaching, and successfully complete all OR PSY 202 Adult Development and Life
other requirements for Iowa licensure. See College of Assessment (3 credits)
Education Student Handbooks. Additional requirements
from the Iowa Department of Education may be added at • PSY 330 Theories of Personality (3 credits)
any time. • PSY 331 Psychology of Learning (3 credits)
• PSY 350 Physiological Psychology (3 credits)
Bachelor of Arts in Psychology • PSY 496 Applied Project (3 credits) OR
The Psychology major guides students as they study
PSY 497 Psychology Capstone (3 credits) OR
human behavior and mental processes. This major
PSY 498 Senior Thesis I (2 credits) AND
explores psychology both as an area of scientific
PSY 499 Senior Thesis II (2 credits)
investigation and as a health or human services profession.
A psychology major is also particularly valuable for Research and Statistics Requirement (6 credits)
students who desire to continue their education through • PSY 325 Statistics for the Behavioral & Social
graduate study in psychology. Students are encouraged Sciences (3 credits)
to consult the admissions requirements of prospective
• PSY 326 Research Methods (3 credits)
graduate schools when planning their undergraduate
programs. Requirements may vary somewhat among • MAT 332 Applied Statistics OR an introductory
different schools and programs. Students majoring in statistics course
psychology may also seek employment opportunities in Choose two upper level psychology courses (6 credits)
business, law, government, health care, and other careers
that involve understanding human behavior and providing • PSY 302 Industrial/Organizational Psychology
competent leadership. (3 credits)
• PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits)
Program Outcomes • PSY 305 Sports Psychology (3 credits)
Students in the Psychology program will be able to:
• PSY 309 Special Topics (3 credits)
• Analyze human behavior and mental processes;
• PSY 311 Counseling Psychology: Methods of
• Analyze theories of continuing education in Applied Psychology (3 credits)
psychology and related fields;
• PSY 315 Survey of Exceptional Students
• Evaluate theories of personality development; (3 credits)
• Evaluate psychology research methods; • PSY 317 Cognitive Functioning in the Late
• Demonstrate communication behaviors Adulthood (3 credits)
consistent with the study and practice of • PSY 335 Tests & Measurements (3 credits)
psychology; and
• PSY 340 Research and Presentation (3 credits)
• Acquire and use skills and concepts that are
fundamental to the ethical application of
psychology.

94 Ashford University
On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
Bachelor of Arts in Five Upper-Level Major Courses (15 credits)
Social and Criminal Justice • CRJ 305 Crime Prevention (3 credits)
The Social and Criminal Justice major is a unique • CRJ 306 Criminal Law and Procedure
interdisciplinary program that offers an emphasis in (3 credits)
criminal justice through which a perspective for building
a more just society is considered. • CRJ 308 Psychology of Criminal Behavior
(3 credits)
Program Outcomes • CRJ 311 Forensics (3 credits)
Students in the Social and Criminal Justice program will • CRJ 320 Families & Domestic Violence
be able to: (3 credits)
• Examine law enforcement issues; • HIS/POL 303 The American Constitution
• Apply knowledge to socio-economic (cultural) (3 credits)
diversity to criminal justice; • LIB 323 Revolution and Terrorism in the Modern
• Investigate the operation of the criminal justice World (3 credits)
system; • PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits)
• Examine the relationship of social justice to the • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits)
criminal justice system; and
• SOC 203 Social Problems (3 credits)
• Apply information from sociology law,
psychology, ethics, and related fields to the study • SOC 305 Crime and Society (3 credits)
of criminal justice. • SOC 308 Racial and Ethnic Groups (3 credits)

Requirements for the Major Social and Criminal Justice majors must earn a minimum
Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits of 30 upper division credits in the major. Credits applied
General Education Requirements: 46 credits to General Education requirements may be applied to
major requirements, but a course may be applied only
Major Requirements: 36 credits once to a major requirement.
(30 upper division)
Please note: CRJ 201 is a prerequisite for CRJ 301, 303,
Electives: 38 credits and 305.

Three Courses in Social Justice (9 credits) from the


following: Bachelor of Arts in Social Science
• PHI 107/PHI 307 Philosophy of Human Conduct The Social Science major offers students an opportunity
(3 credits) to focus their studies primarily in psychology, sociology,
history, and related social science fields. Optional tracks
• PHI 210/PHI 310 Franciscanism Yesterday and are available in health and human services management,
Today (3 credits) history, human services, psychology, and sociology.
• SOC 120 Introduction to Ethics and Social
Responsibility (3 credits) Program Outcomes
• SOC 305 Crime and Society (3 credits) Students in the Social Science program will be able to:
• SOC 330 Social Justice and Society (3 credits) • Evaluate fundamental social science concepts;
• SOC 331 Social Justice and Ethics (3 credits) • Examine the implications of social and cultural
diversity in social interactions;
Four Courses in Criminal Justice (12 credits) • Acquire and use a foundation of research skills
• CRJ 201 Introduction to Criminal Justice from the social sciences, including history,
(3 credits) psychology, and sociology;
• CRJ 301 Juvenile Justice (3 credits) • Examine the relationship of service to social
science; and
• CRJ 303 Corrections (3 credits)
• Integrate knowledge from the social sciences,
• CRJ 420 Criminal Justice Practicum (3 credits) including history, psychology, and sociology.
OR CRJ 422 CRJ Capstone (3 credits)

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 95


On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
Requirements for the Major One of the following four courses:
Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits (Students planning to pursue a graduate degree are advised
to complete more than one course in this requirement.)
General Education Requirements: 46 credits
• MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits)
Major Requirements: 48 credits
• PSY 325 Statistics for the Behavioral & Social
Electives: 26 credits
Sciences (3 credits)
Major Course Requirements (48 credits): • PSY 326 Research Methods (3 credits)
9 credits in history, including 6 or more credits at the • PSY 335 Tests & Measurements (3 credits)
300-level or higher
The Social Science major also requires the completion of
9-12 credits in psychology, including 6 or more at the a minimum of 36 credits at the 300-level or higher.
300-level or higher
Secondary education students pursuing endorsements
9 credits in sociology, including 6 or more at the 300-level in American History, World History, Psychology, and
or higher. Sociology will also meet the major requirements for the
(HCA 305 The U.S. Health Care System may be applied Social Science degree. Endorsement courses may also be
to this requirement.) used to meet major and General Education requirements.
6 credits in multidisciplinary social science, selected Political Science Option: Students desiring more depth
from the following courses: in political science may apply up to six hours of upper-
• HCA 305 The U.S. Health Care System level POL courses in areas of the major that require more
(3 credits) than one course (i.e. the History, Psychology, Sociology,
Multidisciplinary, and Cross-Cultural requirements),
• LIB 309 Interdisciplinary Topics in the Liberal
provided that no more than three hours are applied
Arts (INTD) (3 credits)
to any one area. This option may not be applied to
• LIB 318 Peacemaking: A Study of Conflict course-specific requirements in the tracks offered within
Resolution (INTD) (3 credits) the degree. This option is designed to help facilitate
• LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives secondary education students seeking the American
(INTD) (3 credits) Government endorsement.
• LIB 332 Science and Culture (INTD) (3 credits) Note: A single course may apply to only one of the
requirement areas in the major. Some courses may also
• LIB 323 Revolution and Terrorism in the Modern apply to General Education requirements.
World (INTD) (3 credits)
• LIB 325 The Civil War in American Culture Health and Human Services
(INTD) (3 credits) Management Track (57 credits)
The Health and Human Services Management track
3-6 credits in cross-cultural perspectives, selected from
provides an interdisciplinary course of study for students
the following courses:
in the social science major. This track provides the
• ANT 101 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology educational credentials to seek employment opportunities
(3 credits) in management roles entailing the direct supervision of
• HIS 103 World Civilizations I (3 credits) other human service professionals. Students selecting this
track are required to complete specific courses including a
• HIS 104 World Civilizations II (3 credits) business course component. Students pursuing the health
• LIB 316 Literature in Historical Context and human services management track may pattern their
(3 credits) coursework to complete the requirements for Nursing
• LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives Home Administration licensure in the state of Iowa.
(INTD) (3 credits)
History (9 credits):
• SOC 308 Racial and Ethnic Groups (3 credits)
• Same requirements as listed under Social Science
• SOC 315 Cross-Cultural Perspectives (3 credits) major.
3 credits in political science
Psychology (9 credits):
The following seminar course:
• PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits)
• LIB 307 Social Science Seminar (3 credits)
• PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits) OR
PSY 317 Cognition in Late Adulthood (3 credits)
96 Ashford University
On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
• PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits) OR Accounting (6 credits):
PSY 311 Counseling Psychology (3 credits) OR • ACC 281 Accounting Concepts for Health
PSY 325 Statistics for the Behavioral and Social Professionals (3 credits)
Sciences (3 credits)
• HCA 311 Health Care Financing & Information
Sociology (9 credits, including 6 or more at Systems (3 credits)
the 300-level or higher):
Philosophy (3 credits):
• SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits)
• HCA 322 Health Care Ethics & Medical Law
• BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits)
(3 credits) (course fulfills requirement in place of
one 300-level sociology course.) Internship/Project (3-6 credits)

• SOC 313 Social Implications of Medical Issues • HCA 402 Health Care Internship (3-6 credits)
(3 credits) (Must have a GPA in the major of 2.75) OR
HCA 459 Senior Project (3 credits)
Multidisciplinary Social Science Courses (6 credits):
History Track (21 credits)
• SOC 320 Public Policy & Social Services The History track provides Social Science majors an
(3 credits) opportunity for greater emphasis on history in their major
• LIB 318 Peacemaking: The Study of Conflict studies and allows them to document a history-based
Resolution (INTD) (3 credits) OR program at the undergraduate level.
PSY/SOC 309 Special Topic in Human Services History concentrators must meet the general requirements
(3 credits) for the Social Science major, as well as the following:
Cross-Cultural Perspectives Courses (6 credits): • Either HIS 103 World Civilizations I (3 credits)
• SOC 308 Racial and Ethnic Groups (3 credits) OR HIS 104 World Civilizations II (3 credits)
OR • Either HIS 203 American History to 1865
SOC 315 Cross-Cultural Perspectives (3 credits) (3 credits) OR HIS 204 American History Since
And one of the following courses: 1865 (3 credits)

• ANT 101 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology • LIB 325 The Civil War in American Culture
(3 credits) (INTD) (3 credits)

• HIS 103 World Civilizations I (3 credits) • 4 upper-level HIS courses (12 credits)

• HIS 104 World Civilizations II (3 credits) Courses in the track may also apply, where appropriate, to
General Education and major requirements.
• LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives
(INTD) (3 credits) Human Services Track (57 credits)
The optional track in Human Services gives an applied
Political Science (3 credits): emphasis to the major. Students selecting the human
• POL 201 American National Government services track are required to complete specific courses
(3 credits) within most of the nine requirement pools in the Social
Science major.
Economics (3 credits):
History (9 credits):
• HCA 305 The U.S. Health Care System
• Same requirements as listed under Social Science
(3 credits)
major.
Methods Course (3 credits): Psychology (9 credits):
• HCA 375 Continuous Quality Monitoring • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits)
Accreditation (3 credits) OR
• PSY 304 Lifespan Development (3 credits)
HCA 421 Health Care Planning & Evaluation
(or equivalent)
(3 credits)
• PSY 311 Counseling Psychology: Methods of
Seminar requirements (3 credits) will be satisfied by Applied Psychology (3 credits)
• HCA/SOC 340 Managing in Health and Human
Sociology (9 credits):
Service: An Interdisciplinary Approach
(3 credits) • SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits)

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On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
• SOC 312 Child, Family, and Society (3 credits) Psychology Track (18 credits)
• SOC 320 Public Policy and Social Services The Psychology track requires the courses listed below in
(3 credits) addition to the other courses required for a Bachelor
of Arts in Social Science. Courses listed will be applied
Elective Social Science Courses (15 credits): to the psychology course requirement of the Social
• PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits) Science major.
• PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits) Required Courses:
• SOC 330 Social Justice and Society (3 credits) • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits)
• SOC 340 Managing Health and Human Services • PSY 304 Lifespan Development (3 credits)
(3 credits) • PSY 497 Psychology Capstone (3 credits)
• SOC 313 Social Implications of Medical Issues
(3 credits) Three courses selected from the following:
• LIB 318 Peacemaking (3 credits) • PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits)
• SOC 308 Racial and Ethnic Groups (3 credits) • PSY 302 Industrial/Organizational Psychology
(3 credits)
• SOC 315 Cross-Cultural Perspectives (3 credits)
• PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits)
• PSY 317 Cognition in Late Adulthood (3 credits)
• PSY 305 Sports Psychology (3 credits)
• SOC 304 Social Gerontology (3 credits)
• PSY 311 Counseling Psychology (3 credits)
• CRJ 301 Juvenile Justice (3 credits)
• PSY 317 Cognition in Late Adulthood (3 credits)
• SOC 305 Crime and Society (3 credits)
• PSY 335 Tests and Measurements (3 credits)
Political Science (3 credits):
• PSY 350 Physiological Psychology (3 credits)
• POL 201 American National Government
(3 credits) Sociology Track (21 credits)
The Sociology track provides Social Science majors an
Economics (3 credits):
opportunity for greater emphasis on sociology as part
At least 3 credits in economics or courses specifically
of their major studies and allows them to document a
related to the economics of providing human services,
sociology-based program at the undergraduate level.
selected from the following courses:
Sociology track students must meet the general
• ECO 100 Survey of Contemporary Economic requirements for the Social Science major, as well as
Issues (3 credits) the following:
• ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics • SOC 101 Intro to Sociology (3 credits)
(3 credits)
• LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives
• ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (INTD) (3 credits)
(3 credits)
• 5 upper-level SOC courses (15 credits)
• HCA 305 The U.S. Health Care System
Courses in the track may also apply, where appropriate, to
(3 credits)
General Education and major requirements.
Methods Course (3 credits):
• MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits) Bachelor of Arts in Sociology
The B.A. in Sociology focuses on the study of human
• PSY 325 Statistics for Behavioral and Social
beings in their social settings. Sociology majors study
Sciences (3 credits)
topics such as social structures, various forms of social
• PSY 326 Research Methods (3 credits) interactions, racial and ethnic groups, and the making and
• PSY 335 Tests and Measurements (3 credits) implementation of social policy. Graduates of the program
are prepared for entry-level social science-linked and
Seminar and Practicum (6 credits): social service positions.
• LIB 307 Social Science Seminar (3 credits) Program Outcomes
• PSY/SOC 421 Human Service Practicum Students in the Sociology program will be able to:
(3 credits)

98 Ashford University
On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
• Demonstrate a knowledge of basic sociological Bachelor of Arts in Visual Art
concepts; The Bachelor of Arts in Visual Art program prepares
• Apply major sociological theoretical creative students with design skills to seek employment
perspectives; in the art market through e-commerce, web page design,
or computer graphics. The Bachelor of Arts Degree in
• Explain the methodologies of collecting and
Visual Art may also be combined with a minor in Business
assessing data that the discipline of sociology
Administration, Marketing, or Computer Science for
offers;
students who plan to seek employment in the global
• Assess the quality of sociological research by marketplace.
applying the standards of the discipline;
• Analyze critically major sociological issues; Program Outcomes
• Demonstrate an appreciation for cultural and Students in the Visual Art program will be able to:
social diversity. • Demonstrate a blend of technical knowledge and
principles with various art media;
Program Requirements • Apply aesthetic principles and theories in the
Total number of credits required: 120 credits creation of works of art;
General Education Requirements: 46 credits • Apply knowledge of styles and characteristics
Major Course Requirements: 36 credits of eras of art history in the creation of individual
works of art;
Electives: 38 credits
• Synthesize the technical, aesthetic, and historical
Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-
aspects of visual arts in the creation and analysis
division credits. In this program, some courses may
of works of art; and
simultaneously be applied to major and General Education
requirements. • Demonstrate appropriate language in expressing
creative ideas in written and verbal forms.
Major Course Requirements (36 credits)
Lower-Level Major Requirement (6 credits): Requirements for the Major
Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
• SOC 101 Intro to Sociology (3 credits)
General Education Requirements: 46 credits
• SOC 203 Social Problems (3 credits)
Major Requirements: 31 credits
Research and Statistics Requirement (6 credits): Collateral Requirements: 34 credits
• PSY 325 Statistics for the Behavioral & Social Electives: 9 credits
Sciences (3 credits)
• PSY 326 Research Methods (3 credits) Major Course Requirements (31 credits):
Required Two-Dimensional Studio Art Courses
Upper-Level Major Requirement (24 credits from the (18 credits):
courses listed below): • ART 103 Two-Dimensional Design (3 credits)
• SOC 304 Social Gerontology (3 credits) • ART 105 Drawing I (3 credits)
• SOC 305 Crime & Society (3 credits) • ART 207 Painting I (3 credits)
• SOC 308 Racial & Ethnic Groups (3 credits) • ART 215 Computer Art I (3 credits)
• SOC 312 Child, Family, & Society (3 credits) • ART 220 Printmaking I (3 credits)
• SOC 315 Cross-Cultural Perspectives (3 credits) • ART 225 Photography I (3 credits)
• SOC 320 Public Policy & Social Services
(3 credits) Required Three-Dimensional Studio Art Courses
(3 credits):
• SOC 330 Social Justice and Society (3 credits)
• ART 204 Three-Dimensional Design (3 credits)
• SOC 331 Social Justice & Ethics (3 credits)
OR
• SOC 490 Social Science Capstone (3 credits) ART 211 Ceramics I (3 credits)

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On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
Required Art History Courses (6 credits): • CGD 221 2-D Computer Animation (3 credits)
• ART 101 Art Appreciation (3 credits) • CGD 331 Digital Video and Audio (3 credits)
• ART 200/300 Art Appreciation II: Modern Art • CGD 253 Web Publishing (3 credits)
(3 credits) • CGD 303 Publication Design (3 credits)
Senior Thesis/Project (4 credits): • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits)
• ART 498 Senior Thesis/Project I (2 credits) • CGD 330 Digital Still Imaging (3 credits)
• ART 499 Senior Thesis/Project II (2 credits) • CGD 340 Print Production (3 credits)
• CGD 353 Dynamic Publishing (3 credits)
Collateral Requirements: Liberal Arts Courses
Beyond General Education (34 credits) Other program requirements for Visual Art majors:
Visual Art and Liberal Arts Requirements (11 credits): • Earn an overall grade point average of 2.00
or higher in art courses taken to complete the
• ART 205 Drawing II (3 credits)
program;
• ART 307 Painting II (3 credits)
• Complete a minimum of 30 credits of 300- to
• ART 350 Advanced Art Seminar (2 credits) 400-level courses;
• LIB 304 Fine Arts Seminar (3 credits) • Earn a minimum grade of “C-” for ART 498 and
ART 499; and
Interdisciplinary Course Requirements (6 credits):
• Mount an exhibition of their artwork in the
• LIB 309 Interdisciplinary Topics in the Liberal Cortona Art Gallery as part of the Senior Thesis/
Arts (INTD) (3 credits) Project requirement.
• LIB 311 The Human Quest for Personal
Freedom: Art, Music, and Literature of the
Romantic Era (INTD) (3 credits) College of Arts and Sciences:
• LIB 315 The Environment and the Human Spirit Bachelor of Science Degree
(INTD) (3 credits) Programs and Requirements
• LIB 318 Peacemaking: A Study of Conflict
Resolution (INTD) (3 credits) Bachelor of Science in Biology
• LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives The Bachelor of Science degree in Biology offers students
(INTD) (3 credits) the opportunity to focus on the study of life forms
and processes. Ashford University biology majors are
• LIB 325 The Civil War in American Culture exposed to different areas of biology and gain experience
(INTD) (3 credits) in both laboratory and field research. A Biology major
• LIB 327 World Music (INTD) (3 credits) is particularly valuable for students preparing for
postgraduate study in medicine, physical therapy, and
• LIB 330 The Renaissance (INTD) (3 credits)
other health-related fields. Students are encouraged
Elective Studio Courses (16 credits, 9 of which must be to consult the admissions requirements of prospective
300-level courses): graduate schools when planning their undergraduate
program. Requirements may vary somewhat among
• ART 204 Three-Dimensional Design/Sculpture
different schools and programs.
(3 credits)
• ART 309 Special Topics (1-3 credits) Program Outcomes
Students in the Biology program will be able to:
• ART 311 Ceramics II (3 credits)
• Demonstrate proper experimental and scientific
• ART 315 Computer Art II (3 credits)
methodologies including laboratory and safety
• ART 320 Printmaking II (3 credits) skills;
• ART 325 Photography II (3 credits) • Demonstrate critical reading, thinking, and
• CGD 217 Survey of Graphic Communications communication skills, using language specific to
(3 credits) the sciences;
• CGD 220 Storytelling & Storyboarding
(3 credits)

100 Ashford University


On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
• Demonstrate a breadth of understanding in numbered 200-level or above, of which one
the biological sciences for a career in the life course must be numbered 300-level or above.
sciences;
• Demonstrate critical thinking and reading
skills in the analysis of data using appropriate
Bachelor of Science in
technology to their field; and
Clinical Cytotechnology
Cytotechnology is the microscopic study of cells
• Demonstrate the ability to integrate contained in body tissues. The clinical cytotechnologist
interdisciplinary knowledge into a personalized must differentiate malignant cells from normal ones
emerging body of scientific knowledge. in the diagnosis of cancer and other diseases. To make
these critical decisions in the medical laboratory, the
Requirements for the Major cytotechnologist must have a strong academic background
Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits in natural science along with intensive laboratory training
General Education Requirements: 46 credits in cytology.
Major Requirements: 58 credits The Clinical Cytotechnology program at the University
is a 3 + 1 program offered in cooperation with the
Biology Electives: 11 credits Cytotechnology Program, Mayo Foundation, Mayo
Unrestricted Electives: 5 credits School of Health Sciences in Rochester, Minnesota.
In their first three years of study at the University, students
Major Course Requirements (58 credits) complete a program of study in biology and chemistry in
• BIO 103** Principles of General Biology I addition to fulfilling General Education requirements for
(4 credits) the baccalaureate degree. Students complete their senior
• BIO 104 Principles of General Biology II year at the Cytotechnology Program, Mayo Foundation,
(4 credits) Mayo School of Health Sciences in Rochester, Minnesota
• BIO 201 Microbiology (4 credits) (contingent upon their admission to this school). The
fourth year is devoted to laboratory studies in the different
• BIO 301 Science Seminar (3 credits) fields of cytology.
• BIO 340 Cell Biology (4 credits) Students must gain admission to the Cytotechnology
• BIO 498* Senior Thesis/Project I (2 credits) Program, Mayo Foundation, Mayo School of Health
Sciences in Rochester, Minnesota before this phase of
• BIO 499* Senior Thesis/Project II (2 credits)
the program can be completed. A minimum cumulative
• CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits) GPA of 2.50 at Ashford University and strong academic
• CHE 152 General Chemistry II (4 credits) performance in the courses following are required for
admission.
• CHE 301 Organic Chemistry I (5 credits)
Students who have met the degree requirements of the
• CHE 302 Organic Chemistry II (5 credits)
University and the professional training requirements
• ENG 328 Scientific and Technical Writing of an affiliate institution receive the baccalaureate
(3 credits) degree from the University and a professional certificate
• An introductory statistics course (3 credits) from the affiliate. Students who then pass the national
examination administered by the American Society of
• MAT 227 Pre-calculus (3 credits)
Clinical Pathology are eligible to achieve full professional
• MAT 351 Calculus I with Analytic Geometry certification in Clinical Cytotechnology.
(4 credits)
• PHY 201 College Physics I (4 credits) OR Program Outcomes
Students in the Clinical Cyotechnology program will be
• PHY 202 College Physics II (4 credits)
able to:
*Students must earn a grade of “C–” to fulfill degree
• Demonstrate proper experimental and scientific
requirements.
methodologies including laboratory and safety
**BIO 103 may also be applied to General Education skills;
requirements.
• Demonstrate critical reading, thinking, and
communication skill using language specific to
Biology Electives (11 credits minimum) their personal goals and specific to their degree
• Choose three additional biology courses
program;

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 101


On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
• Demonstrate specific knowledge of material and in the courses above are required for admission to an
information appropriate for professionals within affiliate program.
their chosen degree;
Residency at Affiliated Program
• Demonstrate critical thinking and reading Major course requirements at an affiliated program
skills in the analysis of data using appropriate involve successfully completing 30-32 credits in
technology to their chosen degree; and residence.
• Demonstrate the ability to integrate
interdisciplinary knowledge into a personalized Bachelor of Science in
emerging body of scientific knowledge. Clinical Laboratory Science
Clinical laboratory scientists/medical technologists
Requirements for the Major perform the laboratory tests on which physicians rely
Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment of disease.
General Education Requirements: 46 credits Clinical laboratory scientists/medical technologists are
highly skilled health team members who use a battery
Major Requirements: 36 credits
of sophisticated procedures and instruments in their
Additional Requirements: 15 credits work and who possess specialized knowledge and skills
Major Requirements at acquired through completion of a formal program of
Affiliate University: 30-32 credits academic and clinical study. The Clinical Laboratory
Science (CLS) program at the University is a 3 + 1
Major Course Requirements at program offered in cooperation with OSF Saint Francis
Ashford University (36 credits) School of Clinical Laboratory Science, OSF Saint Francis
• BIO 103 Principles of General Biology I Medical Center, Peoria, Illinois.
(4 credits) In a clinical laboratory setting, a CLS graduate may:
• BIO 104 Principles of General Biology II • Work in clinical chemistry, hematology,
(4 credits) immunohematology, immunology, molecular
pathology, and/or clinical microbiology;
• BIO 201 Microbiology (4 credits)
• Perform analyses on blood, urine, and other body
• BIO 205 Human Anatomy & Physiology I fluids;
(4 credits)
• Operate complex instruments to generate
• BIO 206 Human Anatomy & Physiology II scientific data that aid in the diagnosis, treatment,
(4 credits) and prognosis of disease;
• BIO 340 Cell Biology (4 credits) • Evaluate quality assurance data to ensure
• BIO 342 Genetics & Immunology (4 credits) accurate and reliable test results;
• CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits) • Use independent judgment and problem-solving
abilities;
• CHE 152 General Chemistry II (4 credits)
• Develop research projects to evaluate new
Additional Requirements products and methods; or
A minimum of 15 credits in upper-division courses • Provide and participate in continuing education.
numbered 300 or above. A minimum of 90 credits must be
The 4-year degree program opens options at the
completed prior to attending the affiliate institution.
supervisory level that a Medical Technician (2-year
certificate program) cannot offer.
Residency Requirements at Ashford University
Transfer students must earn at least 30 credits from General Requirements
the University before attending the affiliate school of The CLS program is a 3 + 1 (3 years of prerequisite and
cytotechnology. General Education coursework followed by a clinical
Admission to Cytotechnology Program at year) professional program that grants a certificate and/
Affiliated University or a baccalaureate degree. Alternatively, students must
Students must gain admission to one of the affiliate possess or be eligible for a baccalaureate degree upon
programs before this phase of the program can be completion of the clinical year. In their first three years of
completed. A minimum cumulative GPA of 2.50 at study at Ashford University, students complete a program
Ashford University and strong academic performance of study in biology, chemistry, and mathematics in

102 Ashford University


On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
addition to fulfilling General Education requirements for • BIO 205 Human Anatomy and Physiology I
the baccalaureate degree. Students complete their senior (4 credits)
year of study at the OSF Saint Francis School of Clinical • BIO 206 Human Anatomy and Physiology II
Laboratory Science, OSF Saint Francis Medical Center, (4 credits)
Peoria, Illinois (contingent upon their admission to the
program), devoted to clinical laboratory studies. • BIO 342 Genetics and Immunology (4 credits)

Program Outcomes Optional/Recommended Courses:


Students in the Clinical Laboratory Science program will • PHY 201 College Physics I (4 credits)
be able to: • PHY 202 College Physics II (4 credits)
• Demonstrate proper experimental and scientific • BIO 340 Cell Biology (4 credits)
methodologies including laboratory and safety Students who plan to pursue a graduate degree, enter
skills; medical or dental school, or are considering a science
• Demonstrate critical reading, thinking, and undergraduate major other than Clinical Laboratory
communication skill using language specific to Science should take the second semester of organic
their personal goals and specific to their degree chemistry either in place of or in addition to biochemistry.
program; In addition, those students should also add the two-
• Demonstrate specific knowledge of material and semester sequence of college physics and the cell
information appropriate for professionals within biology course.
their chosen degree;
Residency Requirements at Ashford University:
• Demonstrate critical thinking and reading
Transfer students must earn at least 30 credits from
skills in the analysis of data using appropriate
Ashford University before attending the affiliate’s Clinical
technology to their chosen degree; and
Laboratory Science program.
• Demonstrate the ability to integrate
Of the Major Course Requirements at OSF Saint Francis
interdisciplinary knowledge into a personalized
School of Clinical Laboratory Science, OSF Saint Francis
emerging body of scientific knowledge.
Medical Center, Peoria, Illinois, 32 credits would transfer
back to Ashford University for a Bachelor of Science
Requirements for the Major in CLS.
Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
General Education Requirements: 46 credits Admission to Affiliated University CLS Program:
Major Requirements: 48 credits Students must gain admission to the CLS program at
OSF Saint Francis School of Clinical Laboratory Science,
Major Requirements at Affiliated
OSF Saint Francis Medical Center, Peoria, Illinois, before
Clinical Lab: 32 credits
this phase of the program can be completed. A minimum
cumulative GPA of 2.75 at Ashford University and strong
Major Courses (48 credits): academic performance in the courses above are required
• BIO 103 Principles of General Biology I for admission. Furthermore, Science division advisors
(4 credits) are in the position to gauge a student’s ability in advising
• BIO 104 Principles of General Biology II sessions and would be in a position to recommend
(4 credits) students into the CLS program at University of Iowa.
• BIO 201 Microbiology (4 credits) Declaration of a major is required at the end of the
sophomore year, and advisors would be in the position
• CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits) to determine whether a student would proceed into
• CHE 152 General Chemistry II (4 credits) the program.
• CHE 301 Organic Chemistry I (5 credits) The professional (clinical) program consists of a minimum
• CHE 302 Organic Chemistry II (5 credits) OR of 12 months of didactic and practical instruction and
CHE 309 Special Topics: Biochemistry successful completion of 32 credits. The first summer
(5 credits) session and fall semester are devoted to lectures,
laboratory experience, demonstrations, short generalist
• MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits) rotations, and seminars covering theory and technique in
• MAT 227 Pre-Calculus (3 credits) clinical laboratory science.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog 103


On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
Bachelor of Science in • MAT 352 Calculus II/Analytic Geometry
Computer Science and Mathematics (4 credits)
The Computer Science and Mathematics program has • MAT 320 Discrete Mathematics (3 credits)
flexibility to allow students to concentrate in computer
programming, applied mathematics, or secondary Collateral Courses Requirements* (7 credits):
education. Students in this program will develop and • PHI 103 Informal Logic (3 credits) OR
strengthen their ability to solve problems creatively and PHI 302 Formal Logic (3 credits)
effectively, to reason logically, and to apply computer
and mathematical skills while preparing for careers as • PHY 201 College Physics I (4 credits) OR
mathematicians, computer programmers, or secondary PHY 202 College Physics II (4 credits) OR
education teachers or to prepare for graduate-level work in PHY 105 Introduction to Physical Science
computer science or mathematics. (4 credits)
* Note: Collateral courses could also count towards
Program Outcomes General Education requirements.
Students in the Computer Science and Mathematics
program will be able to: Computer Science Track (30 credits):
• Apply concepts such as linear transformations, Required courses (24 credits):
matrices, bases, and kernels to represent real-life
models; • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits)
• Apply discrete mathematics concepts to practical • INF 325 Telecommunications and Networking
applications such as those in computer science; Concepts (3 credits)
• Use concepts and tools of differential and • INF 331 IS Programming (3 credits)
integral calculus to solve real-life applications; • INF 431 Advanced IS Programming (3 credits)
• Create and develop software applications using a • INF 410 Project Management (3 credits)
systemic approach; • INF 420 Senior Portfolio (3 credits)
• Apply general principles of modern • MAT 206 Linear Algebra (3 credits)
programming languages; and
• Examine emerging computer and software Elective credits (9 credits) from the following:
technologies within dynamic environments. • INF 322 Database Management Systems
(3 credits)
Requirements for the Major
Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits • INF 391 IS Seminar I (3 credits)
General Education Requirements: 46 credits • INF 392 IS Internship (3 credits)
Common Core: 21 credits • MAT 353 Calculus III (4 credits)
Track: 28-60 credits • MAT 300 History of Mathematics (3 credits)
Electives: 0-25 credits • MAT 362 Modern Algebra (3 credits)
• MAT 364 Modern Geometries (3 credits)
Requirements for the Common Core
plus Track (49-57 credits) Mathematics Track (28 credits)
Students majoring in Computer Science and Mathematics Required courses (22 credits):
will successfully complete the Common Core and one
of the three following tracks. The number of major • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits)
credits for the Mathematics tracks is 49, for the Computer • INF 331 IS Programming (3 credits)
Science track, 51, and for the Education track, 57. • INF 431 Advanced IS Programming (3 credits)

Common Core (21 credits): • MAT 206 Linear Algebra (3 credits)


• MAT 362 Modern Algebra (3 credits)
Required Major Courses (14 credits):
• MAT 364 Modern Geometry (3 credits)
• INF 231 Programming Concepts (3 credits)
• MAT 498 Senior Thesis/Project I (2 credits)
• MAT 351 Calculus I/Analytic Geometry
(4 credits) • MAT 499 Senior Thesis/Project II (2 credits)

104 Ashford University


On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs
Elective credit (6 credits) from the following: • ERE 312 Reading in Secondary Education
• INF 322 Database Management Systems Content Areas (3 credits)
(3 credits) • PSY 104 Child and Adolescent Development
• INF 325 Telecommunications and Networking (3 credits)
Concepts (3 credits) • PSY/ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students
• INF 391 IS Seminar I (3 credits) (3 credits)
• INF 392 IS Internship (3 credits) • ESE 325 Behavioral Management in the
Classroom (3 credits)
• MAT 353 Calculus III (4 credits)
In addition to meeting the requirements enumerated
• MAT 300 History of Mathematics above, students in the education endorsement must
(3 credits) also satisfy requirements for admission to the College
• MAT 362 Modern Algebra (3 credits) of Education’s Practitioner Preparation Program and
• MAT 364 Modern Geometry (3 credits) successfully complete all other requirements for licensure.

Education Endorsement (57 credits): Bachelor of Science in Health Science


Required courses (10 credits): The B.S. in Health Science is a 3+1 program that prepares
• MAT 206 Linear Algebra (3 credits) OR students for entry into post-baccalaureate professional
MAT 362 Modern Algebra (3 credits) training programs in a health-related field. The curriculum
centers around essential biological, chemical, physical,
• MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits) and social sciences that are fundamental to the allied
• MAT 364 Modern Geometrie