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Оборот there is / there are

There is и there are используют, когда хотят сказать, что что-то существует (или не
существует) или находится где-то. Подлежащее (предмет, о котором идет речь) ставится
после глагола, а на первое место ставится слово there.
There’s a hole in my pocket. – В моем кармане – дырка. (звучит натуральнее чем: A hole is in
my pocket.)

Обратите внимание на произношение: [ðə(r)], а не [ðeə(r)]

Вместо there нельзя использовать it: There is a lot of noise in this room. – В комнате шумно.
(Ошибка: It is a lot of noise in this room.)

Используйте there are с подлежащим во множественном числе:


There are a lot of problems with this theory. – С этой теорией множество проблем.
(Хоть здесь и стоит a lot, использовать надо are, сравните с предыдущим примером)

Внимание! There is используется с неопределенными подлежащими (это когда используется


неопределенный артикль (a, an), когда артикля нет, или используются слова some, any, no), и
с неопределенными местоимениями как somebody, nothing.
There’s something worrying me. – Меня что-то тревожит.

Обычно there не используется с определенным подлежащим. The door was open. – Дверь
открыта. (Ошибка: There was the door open.)

Вопросы формируются обычным образом (подлежащее there меняется местами со


сказуемым be): Is there anybody at home?

В этом обороте there используется со всеми временами be: Once upon a time there were three
little pigs. (once upon a time = жил-был когда-то – начало сказок)
There has never been anybody like you. There will be rain.

There можно использовать в question tags (краткий общий вопрос, разделительный вопрос).
There’ll be enough for everybody, won’t there?

На русский язык эта структуру следует переводить с конца.

Вот детская считалочка:


There is a mouse in the house. (В доме – мышь)
There is a cat in the flat.
There is a fox in the box.
There is a bee in the tree.

Is there a mouse in the house?


Is there a cat in the flat?
Is there a fox in the box?
Is there a bee in the tree?

Yes, there is.

А теперь загадка и упражнение (заполните пропуски):


four corners in the room.
one cat in each corner.
three cats in front of each cat.
How many cats in the room?

Упражнение 1.
Преобразуйте предложения, используя оборот there is / there are.
Образец: I see a picture on the wall. – There is a picture on the wall.

1. She's got many foreign books in her library. - .. .


2. They have got many pets at home. - .. .
3. You have got a book in front of you. - .. .
4. She has got three mistakes in her test. - .. .
5. We have got no laboratory on the first floor. - .. .
6. You can see a farm near the forest. - .. .
7. They can see a lot of interesting pictures in this book. - .. .
8. You can see a TV set in the hall. - .. .
9. You can see a large family in this picture. - .. .
10. They can see many difficult words in this text. - .. .
11. We can see many countries on this map. - .. .
12. You can see one sentence on the blackboard. - .. .

Упражнение 2.
Допишите предложения. There is или There are?
1. ………. some cheese on the table.
2. ………. a sandwich on the plate.
3. ………. some cheese sandwiches on the table.
4. ………. some porridge on the plate.
5. ………. some soup in the fridge.
6. ………. some ham on the plate.
7. ………. some water in the glass.
8. ………. a pen and five pencils in the pencil box.
9. ………. three kitten and a cat in the room.
10. ………. some book shops there.

Упражнение 3.
Задайте общие вопросы. Обратите внимание на порядок слов.
1. There is a toy on the table. - ………. on the table?
2. There is a hat in the box. - ………. in the box?
3. There is a pen on the desk. - ………. on the desk?
4. There is a book in the bag. - ……….?
5. There is a lamp on the desk. - ……….?
6. There are two cats on the sofa. - ……….?
7. There is a puppy under the chair. - ……….?
8. There are some pictures on the wall. - ……….?
9. There are a lot of toys in the box. - ……….?
10. There are some schoolboys in the shop. - ……….?
11. There is a policeman there. - ……….?
12. There is a garden near the house. - ……….?
13. There is a vase on the piano. - ……….?
14. There are some birds in the tree. - ……….?
15. There is a table at the window. - ……….?

Упражнение 4.
Дайте краткий ответ.
1. Is there a pen in the pencil box? – Yes, ……….
2. Is there a bag in the desk? – Yes, ……….
3. Are there roses in the vase? – No, ……….
4. Is there a nice rose there? – Yes, ……….
5. Are there old cities there? – Yes, ……….
6. Is there a box under the table? – No, ……….
7. Are there three lemons on the plate? – No, ……….
8. Is there a cake in the lunch box? – Yes, ……….
9. Are there many pictures in the books? – No, ……….
10. Are there many apples in the basket? – Yes, ……….

Упражнение 5.
Переспросите.
Образец: There are balls in the box. – What is there in the box?

1. There is an old house in the forest. - …


2. There is some jam in the jar. - …
3. There are ten toys under the chair. - …
4. There are many roses in the garden. - …
5. There is a rabbit in the hat. - …
6. There are computers in the office. - …
7. There are some offices in the house. - …
8. There are some cakes in the fridge. - …
9. There are some buses near the stadium. - …
10. There is a zoo near the park. - …

Упражнение 6.
Вставьте there is / there isn’t / is there? / there are / there aren’t / are there?
1. Dunford is a very modern town. ………. many old buildings there.
2. Look! ………. a photograph of George in the newspaper!
3. Excuse me, ………. a restaurant near here?
4. ………. five people in my family: my parents, my two sisters and me.
5. We can’t take any photographs. ………. a film in the camera.
6. How many students ………. in your class?
7. Where can we sit? ………. any chairs.
8. ………. a bus from the city centre to the airport?
9. ………. any shops in this village?
10. ………. seven days in a week.

Упражнение 7.
Задайте вопросы к выделенным словам, используя нужные слова в правильном порядке.
Образец: There is coffee in the cup. - What is there in the cup?

1. There is a map on the wall. - ..?


1. there 3. are 5. When 7. What 9. on
2. the wall 4. is 6. a map 8. How
2. There is a map of America on the wall. - ..?
1 .is 3. Where 5. on 7. at 9. When
2. the wall 4. map 6. What 8. there
3. There are three rooms in this flat. - ..?
1. rooms 3. What 5. this 7. How 9. are
2. there 4. many 6. in 8. much 10. flat
4. There are children in the park. - ..?
1. there 3. the park 5. are 7. is 9. in
2. What 4. Who 6. When 8. children
5. There is some furniture in the sitting room. - ..?
1. there 3. are 5. in 7. many 9. the sitting room
2. furniture 4. How 6. much 8. is 10. What
6. There are pens in the bag. - ..?
1. there 3. the bag 5. is 7. What 9. How
2. are 4. Where 6. in 8. on
7. There are some English books on the shelf. - ..?
1. are 3. there 5. is 7. What 9. How
2. Who 4. books 6. the shelf 8. on
8. There are ten clean plates in the cupboard. - ..?
1. there 3. How 5. are 7. is. 9. the cupboard
2. in 4. What 6. clean 8. Who
9. There are ten clean plates in the cupboard. - ..?
1. plates 3. in 5. there 7. What 9. the cupboard
2. is 4. How 6. are 8. clean
10. There are ten clean plates in the cupboard. - ..?
1. clean 3. What 5. plates 7. in 9. the cupboard
2. are 4. many 6. How 8. much 10. there
11. There are many children in the park because it is Sunday. - ..?
1. are 3. is 5. there 7. Why 9. many
2. children 4. the park 6. in 8. What 10. Who
12. There are many apples in the garden in autumn. - ..?
1. there 3. is 5.apples 7. When 9. Why
2. the garden 4. are 6. in 8. much 10.many

Упражнение 8.
Составьте предложения из данных слов, используя оборот there is / are. Обратите
внимание на порядок слов в вопросах.
Например: milk / the glass. – There is milk in the glass.
1. the park / children? - …
2. mice / the box. - …
3. under the bed / mouse? - …
4. the bag / a pen. - …
5. five people / the family. - …
6. seven days / a week? - …
7. September / 30 days. - …
8. snow / the field. - …
9. computer / the table? - …
10. the bottle / juice? - …
11. cakes / plate? - …
12. the park / women? - …
13. men / the room. - …
14. swine / the market? - …
15. books / the bag. - …

Упражнение 9.
Вставьте there was / there wasn’t / was there / there were / there weren’t / were there / there
will be.
1. I was hungry but ………. anything to eat.
2. ………. any letters for me yesterday?
3. ………. a football match on TV last night but I didn’t see it.
4. ‘We stayed at a nice hotel.’ ‘Did you? ………. a swimming pool?’
5. The suitcase was empty. ………. any clothes in it.
6. I found a wallet in the street but ………. any money in it.
7. ‘………. many people at the meeting?’ ‘No, very few.’
8. We didn’t visit the museum. ……….enough time.
9. Tomorrow the weather will be cold. ………. some rain in the afternoon.
10. I’m sorry I’m late. ………. a lot of traffic.
11. The radio wasn’t working because ………. any batteries in it.
12. ………. a good film on TV yesterday evening.
13. ………. a party at the club last Friday but I didn’t go.
14. ‘When we arrived at the cinema, ………. a long queue outside.
15. ………. Somebody at the station to meet you when you arrive tomorrow.
16. Ten years ago ………. 500 children at this school.
17. Do you think ………. a lot of people at the party on Saturday?

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