You are on page 1of 194

ISSN 1857-2685

3 (9), 2007

9 771857 268509


,
,
-

2007, 3 (9)


:
. ,
()
. ,
()
. ()
. ()
. ()
. ()
. ()
. ()
. ()
. ()
. ()
. ()
. ()
. ()
. ()
. ()
. ()
. ()

,2007

,2007


...5-14

,,....................................15-35

:
................................................................36-56


...................................................................................57-78

:..79-89


...........................................................92-96


.............................................................................97-105

XIX.........................................................................................106-121


iO
1914..............................................122-145

............146-156

():
................................................................................157-163

:...............164-168

(1889-1947)-.169-179

.......180-185
...........................186-191

!
, -
, 14-15
2007., , 202007.,
.




,
1865 ,
:?, ( (17761831), ),
,,.
,.
,,.,,,
1812.,.

. XIV.
,,
.()
40%XIV.
,,
.
(XVII.),
,,,
.,
-() .

.()
. .
.

2007, 3 (9)

,,.,,. 2 . . , ,,,,,.
.,,,
. 30--40-.XVII .
,
,-.1640.
.---.XVI..,..,.

.(15961647) - ()
- . ,, (1555(6)1632)(1627) ,
7..
1812.,
,
, 1.
,.
,,.,.,.-,..,.

.,.,.,.,.

.,.,.-.
, 1918-1940 ., .
:
.,
,
.:,.
, .,,
,. .,
,,,., . ,
, ,. ,.
,
,,
,,,.,
,(10
1918.).41918.
.,41918.
. ,

2 .

2007, 3 (9)

,,
,.
().
,
,,
1938.,
,.
.1938.:,1918.
- ,
3.1917-1927.58,24
34,10,32.4.

. .(.,.,.,
.,.),
. ,
. , . , . , . , . ,
.,. ),,., , , ,
,
.- ( 1957 1962 .
, 1968 .- ).
,,
.1710,1970.11,8..,,
,5336.,
8130,4..1816,3..5
.1985.
33,7%32%

,1996.73,5%53%.
1996.
85,8%(23,1..26,9..)6.

.1989/90,(),423,7..,289,5..(68,3% )7. 1996/97


32,2%
8.
1989.(4,3..)557146.,446417.(220129
.,,120366),1962112.9
2004.,3,38.
()380756.,,540990.10,
.:

.
5
, .
, ,
.
.
,,.,
,
() , : ( ),
(),(),()
..,:(),(),
()..
,,,
MicrosoftWord(
2000)MicrosoftInternetExplorer,,
: () ().
,,
,

10

2007, 3 (9)

,, ,
,
..
,,,,
,,,,,.
,,
:
1. :
, ( .. ) .
17,.2006,.
,
:..
.

,(),..
1917.
.
,
, .

,.,
2004.()742500000,-337500000,
175000000, 1 542 555 000 .
2006.2,5..,,-

11

14835. .
2. : .
11.13(2) :,
,.
(346501.09.1989),,(.3).,,,,, ,
(.6).,,
(.27),
,,,,,,
,(.28),,,
,,,(),,,
,,

(.29).
,
.,
,, ,

.
3. : .

12

2007, 3 (9)

,
.280.
,.,,.54
,
.50 .
,,,,,.

:
. 35 (2) :

.
.8 (54721.07.1995.):
(1)
18,1920

.
(2) ,
,,.
4. :

.
172006.
II
.
,, .,, .
,.
,

13

- ,
..., -

. ,
.

, .
.

, ,, , , .
,.

,.,.5
, ,
( 382 19.07.2001 .) :
(1)
,,,,,
(2)
,.

1. .//MateeviciA.Opere.Vol.2.Chisinau,1993.
P.30.
2. . 1998 . , 2001.
.96-99.

2007, 3 (9)

14

3. .. .,1974..276.
4...173.
5.AnuarulStatisticalRepubliciiMoldova.1992.Chisinau,1994.P.176.
6.AnuarulStatisticalRepubliciiMoldova.1996.Chisinau,1997.P.202.
7.AnuarulStatisticalRepubliciiMoldova.1992.P.159..
8.AnuarulStatisticalRepubliciiMoldova.1996.P.100.
9.P.3021.32.
36..15;327..3,48.
10.Recensamintulpopulatiei2004.Chisinau,2006.P.301,328.
11.
: http://
lex.justice.md

:
-.
-""
-.-
-.
-.
-.
-.
-
...
(www.edrus.org),
(www.ukrstor.com)
(mnib.malorus.org).
:http://magazin.malorus.org
e_mail:magazin@malorus.org
.:+7(903)5344218
:109028..
5IN1196995

15

, ,



1711.,
,.1739.,
1520,56(17691774,17881792,18061812,18281834.).
20().(17681812)
(),
,,
. ,2050,
,
1.,,
,
2, ,
,
.,,,,
, 3.
-
,
,, , :
. , . , . , . , . ,
.,.,.. , , ,
-,,,,,.,
12,,,,.,-

16

2007, 3 (9)

(. .),17731774.,(..).:
),-
;
) () ().
.
.,,,1840. .
,,,,,,,,,.
, , .
-
,.,,, ..1690.
,, ,,.,
.
,. ,
, ,.,,XVII. , .
.,,,
-:
4 .
1420.-,,
, 5. (17701771.).-

17

, , , , (Bezviconi1962,334).,1799.,. 6.
XIX.: ,
7.
- 1802.,.
, . ,
,,
; - 8.,,, , -,
.,,
,9.,
,: ,
, .
(16 1812.)
-,1813.
, .1815. :
. 10. -,
, .,. , , /. ,
.:(),,,
,11.

18

2007, 3 (9)

,17871830.,,
,,
.,
,,.
-
17871792., ;
18061812.,-;-18281829.18151823.
-12, .
(1991)..:(17631831),,-(18151823),1823... ,..
, /:,
,
-,,,
13. , - , ,
,
.. (). ,
,,
XVIXVII.,
1484.
, , ,
,,,,,

19

, ,
(boyards),,,-,,,-.
:
, , , :,,..,/ .
,:(lagreque),
. - ,
,(,
. .), bon ton ,
.
, -, ,
.
,
, /,:
(),
, .
,, , ,.,:(la
Moldavie) (Valachie). ,
,(sic!)-1774.
,,,
,1787-1792.,1806
1812.,,
. 1824, 1829.,

20

2007, 3 (9)

, .
,,.
1812 . , (neamul romanesc),
...,-
14. , Valachie() (Tara romaneasca); les
valaques()romani(sic!), valaquesturcs
romaniturci(),valahiturci()15.
,,.
. , - ,
I,1711. . ,
.1735. , .
.-,
.-,
,..:
.
,,I.-,
,,
, . , ,
, .-,
(. )
23 (1711 .)
(I)
100006000,,85000-

21

. ,-(sic!),

798000,
16.
1837..

-
1711.,-, - . 1711.
--,21711.
, , , . ,, . . , ,
,,
18201822.
,,,,:
,,
..
, ,
1812.,-
. 1818. - ,
. 8
,1826.,
-.

,.

22

2007, 3 (9)

. .
( )17.1820..
: 1828 .
. ,, -
18.20-,
.,,,
.,
(.,1800;.-,1818;.,1818
1823;.,1828.),.
; , ,, . 1830 .
..:
,,
,
19.
, .,,(),
50,
:
:
! !
-,
,!
,, ,
.,- , , ,
, ,
-, ..,
:
(.16).(-

23

) , (= ) ,
. ,
"!!",:(),()
:
-,
,
, ,,
,,,,.,:?(.28). , " ?"
(?)."",-(.31).
. ,,,:
,

,
,

:
-

,,
(,)

.
..

..
,.

:
,
,
(.55).
,XIX.,,,,,,
, ,
()
,
.,

24

2007, 3 (9)

XIX.
,.,,,.. .
(), , ,
: , ,,!,

-,?

.
-:,
!(.161)
, ,,(.162).
,
:
,
,
,
()
,,

(.180).
( )1840.
,-
( ). : , ,, .,
, , , , :
! () ,

(: ..). , ,

25

,
.,
, : ,,(.320).
1841.()1824., ,
-, ,
, : ! ().
,
-,,,,,
.

,.;,..,,,12;,...,.
,,,,, , ., : ( ), ! ( !), ! (!).
.,,/
, , - XIV.

1791..: ( ) , 20 .
. ,
,2-(,18361838),

26

2007, 3 (9)

,
2-(18501853),,,,.1857.. 21.
. 22. .1862.. , 50- XIX 23. . 1851..,,,,24.


, :

,,, .
. . : , .
..
,, , ,.
,
, ,. (1863 .)25. . (1887.),(1888.), (1890.) (1891
.),
,
, ,
.(-

27

),-,
, .
26.
., 1873 . , -
( , ? ..) ,
, ,
27. .
,(1892.), (sic!)
().


,(),
. ,
:,,
,-, : , ,,-28.
, ,. (1888.)., , .
(1892.),: , 533-() .
., 1862. -
()600000(66,4%
), 20000 (2,1%) . 1871.
:692000
(67,4%),162252(15,0%).-

28

2007, 3 (9)

(1897.)920919(47,6%),155774(8,05%)
. ?:-,
(1892.) : ?! ,
,XIII.,
,1862.
XIX.-. 18881892.,., , . . ,
.,, 1848 . ,
.,,,,.,, - 1848. . ,,,.., . , . , . ., .
-
,
..,
. . , . ,
,
,,,
.
,
.(1848)
, ,,
,
, ,
., ,.

29

.,-
.,,,.,:,,,;
29.
.
:
,(.255).,.
(,
. .) ,
.,, , , :-,(.256). ( ), , ,
- ,
.. ;
() (.259).
() ().
161848.,

, , , .
, , , . -(. 263).
. ,.( ..)
, - ., ,
,, ,
- ,,!...--

30

2007, 3 (9)

,-,, (.266). , (,
..),,
.
,. .
. , ,
(.267).,
. ,
,.
,.,,,,: () , .
,(.260).,,
(.268).,,..,, , ,
,(!),,, . (.
268).,,, ,
,,. :(.268).
,
.; , , . ,
.:!.!(.267).
, ( ..),. :,
. ,,

31

, ; ,
.,,;
(.268).!
.,
,,!-,
.,,(19881991.),
,.
-,,,
,,,,,.:.-,
,,,,
.,,.,
:, ,.
,,,,:.
,,, , . ,
, ,
,.,
, , :, ,
,!, , . , . , , ,
,
(.270,271).
,,.
:,,
!(.274).
,,
.:,

32

2007, 3 (9)

: (, . .) (.276).
,
, ()
(. 277).
..
,
. ,-,
.,
, .
-,
, ,
(.281).
,,,.( 1807 .
. .),
,(- ..),
, .
;,, (. 285). , ., , ,
(.268).?,
,-,,;
,(!).
,,,,:
,,,

,(.287) ,

(.292,293).
. (
1848.)-,
(10;12) :,,,
!..(.295).
,,.-

33

, , , , , ,
: , , , ,
, (.260),
,.
-,
,-,
. ,
,,
,.
,,.
.,
,-,,(-):,,,
,.;,
.
/,,,-,
: (
..):,
30 .
, , ,
.,:1848..,,
,-.
-,
-,,
-;
.,:
-,
-32.

2007, 3 (9)

34


60(19031904.)
.:/
,.
:,,,,,,,
,,,,
.
32 .
,. :().
. - ,
, .
. , ,
,,,(),
, ,-,,
,; ,,, , . , ,.,,,,
,,, , ,
, .

1.Iorga N.IstorialiteraturiiromaneinsecolulalXVIII-lea.Vol.II.Bucuresti,1901.P.9.

35

2. ., . //..,1987..114.
2.Enciclopediasovieticamoldoveneasca.Vol.8.Chisinau,1981.P.413.
2. . ..,1990..225.
5.,...2..8.,1849..60;
. .,1991..17.
6. . 1799..,
1799..224,226,228,231,235; . ...2.
7...4..,1805..304;
. ..
8. . .18001825..,1970..79.
9. . ...3.
10. .
XIXXX.,1986..8.
11. . //()..6.,1867..244.
12. Bezviconi Gh. Profilurideierisideazi.Chisinau,1992.P.36.
13. Spinei V., Spinei M. Insemnarile cu caracter istorico-etnografic asupra
PrincipatelorromanealeconteluideLangeron//Patrimoniu,1992.Nr.2.P.10.
14.Iorga N. ComemorereapierderiiBasarabiei//NeamulromanescinBasarabia.
Vol.II.Bucuresti,1997.P.52.
15.Spinei V., Spinei M. Op.cit.P.32.
16. ...8..,1978.
C.281330,401.
17. ...III.;.,1960..411.
18. . ..,1977..338.
19. ..110.
20.Guldenstadt I. ReisendurchRuslandundimCaucasischenGebirge.T.2.St.Petersburg,1791.S.174; ...,
1975.C.53.
21..1857..19.
22. . ....14.
23.1862..V; .....15.
24. . ..,1852;
....1516.
25. . ...,1892..XXIII.
26...XXIXXXX.
27...3.
28...1,2.
29. ...,1991..260.
30...270;.:Barba Gh.Basarabiavazutala1848deI.S.
Acsacov//Romanul,713.11.1994.
31.Barba Gh.Op.cit.
32..Cazacu P. MoldovadintrePrutsiNistru.18121918.Chisinau,1992.
P.105.

36

2007, 3 (9)



:
(), () - 1 ,
2,,
3,
1359 .
(1711-1822.).
XVIII4.(1812-1917.)
.,,,,,1918-1940.(1944-1991.)
,,,,,5.

,,-, 6.
,
,
1989.7.

,8.
.

37

XIX - ., ,
9,...,
,10,.1989.,
,,68%,58%;,,
66%,11%,
.,,,, .. - .
,
-.

1918-1940
1941-1944..
,
, , .
11.
-.,,
12,,.,
, ,
,.
, .

38

2007, 3 (9)

,.,,.
.[]
,,..
,:70-.34%-.
..,..13.
,.,,
? 14, .
,.,
. .482,2.,1989.
,,446,4
..
-
.(
..),-..,- ,,- .
,
,.
,,
, ,
,.,-

39

15,.,-,XIX.1944.,,
1989.,..:.,
,
. , :
1,.
,
, -
,
:..16.
, , ,
.,.
50-.,..,
.

.60-.,17, . ,,., . 6080- .


-

40

2007, 3 (9)

.
90-.,..
- .
,,,..,

.
,,,.-
-. -
. , ,
.

,
,.
,,18, .
,1989.
-,
,.
,..,,
,
,.,19.
,..
:, , ,.,50-60-.-

41

.[]

20.,2002.,,

, ,
.,,21.
.
-,
22,
. .
-,,
, , .

,
,

.



.,..23,,
.-..:[] ,
24 .
,

42

2007, 3 (9)

,.
,

,
1988-1989.,25.
-
.,
, (1997.),
,
. ,
,,26.
(),
.,-,-, , , , , . , ,
,.[]. ,
,, .
,
:
,;,27.
,,1989.

43

.-..28,
- ,1989.
,,,...,
. , . ,1995.,,
,
29.
,...30,
. , ,
,,.
,31,, . (2007 .)
161989.,-, ,
.,,
32 .

.,5,

44

2007, 3 (9)

,,
,,
,,-
, .. 33. ,
(2002.)..34
-
.,, , .
-,..
,,.
-, ,
(),.
, ,
,.,
-, .. ,:,
,,.:
. , , ,
.- 13- , .,
..,35,.-

45

13-
..,(2006.)36.

37. -, , ,
1989.
. . ,
,
1989 . -,
.- 1989. ,
, . ,
,
.-.,-38.


H ,
,,,,
.- ,
,,
.
. 1990 .,
-,
,
-

46

2007, 3 (9)

, ,
.
,
39,
.1989-1990.
,,:,,-,
,
.
-.
.. 40, ,,
,.-41.
,-,,, . 42 43. 1989..
,,,
,
, .
,
.1989.,
- .. ,

47

. 16
. ;13
,,
..
,44,.

//,
. , .,
:, ( ..).,,,,,.,
(),, , 45.
, .- .

.

.,

48

2007, 3 (9)

,.13-
,,,,,
,.
,
46..,,47,,6080-..
,
,,

-
.
.48.,,,,
,.
,,
, , ,.
. .,
,
.
,, []
49 . ,
.1989.
"".-

49

,
,
,,50-.,,,,,.
,50-.,,,
., , ,

.,,,.,,
,,
,,:
,1989,,
, ,50.,, .


13-,
. , .,
,
1992 51.

50

2007, 3 (9)

, ., 52.
-,,,,,,, .
53-54,.
,
.
,-.
,-..,1989.,"","",.,,.,
,,,, , 55.
, ,,,-.
,
1990.,
,-1992.,.
1994-1998.,,.
.-

51

,,5657,
.,,,,,,.1994.,,.
/,. .
, ,
,, .
, , . . ().
.
(.7) . , ..
,
.
-
,.
-
,58.,,,.
.,
.-

52

2007, 3 (9)

.
-(-).

,80-
90-.,,
90-..., .. .. 59 ,

. ,
,,-
.
***

, . ,
:

.,,
.
.
,,,,,,,,, , ,.
.-,
.,.,-

53

,
-, , ,.
.
, .
,
:
, , . 1/5
[].
,
. , , ,
60.,
,,.

1..: .. ..2004.
2..:-..,1973;PrimeleistoriialeMoldovei.
Cronografiamoldo-slavona.EditiealcatuitasicompletatadeVasileStati.Chisinau:
Lumina,2007; .. .,1967.
3.:.-.:..,..,....
....I..1961;.II.,1978;.III..1982;.V..1987;.VI.,1992;.VII.(2).
.1975; ...XV-XVIII..1977;..,1982.
4.:.1.
1840..1986;II.18401917.,
1988;III.19171955.1..1990; .
.,2003.
5.Asevedea: IstoriaMoldoveiindate.Elaborata:VasileStati.Chisinau,1998;
.. .,2007.
6..: ....:
,1998; ..:..:,1998;
.., ..:?.:,
1998; ..:..:.2001;
7..: ....,.127,222-231.; ..:.1988-1996.,1997; .. ?

54

2007, 3 (9)

.1989-1999.,1999.
8..: . ..//
.2006.10..211-226;.
(1991-1994)//2005.1(1)..48-55.
9..: .. :?
??,1990.
10..:.
.1997.
11..: ...,2007.
12.FruntasuIu.OistorieetnopoliticaaBasarabiei.1812-2002.Bucuresti-Chisinau,
2002.P.185-187.
13..:MirceaSnegur..Chisinau:
Draghistea,2007.P.627.
14..: ....
15.:..1.
1840.:,1986.
16..: ....:,2006.
17..: .. .
.,.2004.
18.C.: .:XXI//[].2005.2(2)..151-177.
19..: ..
(1989-2005.)()//Revistadeetnografiesiculturologie.Nr.1.Chisinau.2006..33.
20.C.: .. .(1989-2005).,2007.
21...491-503,512,513.
22.C.:/.:.,
.,..,2005.
23..: ..Chisinau:Princeps.2005.
24. .: Mircea Snegur . .
25.:..
..1988; .
,,.:,1988;
,..:,1989;?[]/....-..1989;
:.:,1989;,,.,
,.:
,1989;./...:
,1990;Basarabiasibasarabenii.Chisinau:Uniuneascriitorilor
dinMoldova.1991;Istoriculan1989/Red.-alc.L.Bucataru.Chisinau:Universitas,

55

1991;SituatiasociolingvisticadinR.S.S.M.reflectatainpresaperiodica(1987-1989).
Vol.I.Partea1.Chisinau,1999.
26..: .. .
.1988-1996.,1997..3.
27.King Charles. Moldovenii.Romania,Rusiasipoliticaculturala.Chisinau:
ARC,2002..191,192.
28..: .. .,1993.
29..: .. .
30..: ....
31...
,1997.
32..: .. ..326,329.
33..: .. .,1993.
34.Asevedea:Stati V. IstoriaMoldovei.Chisinau:Vivar-Editor,2002..374-378.
35..: ., ., ..,2000..137-139.
36..: .. :,.,2006.
37..:.1998..2-,...,2001..303.
38..: . .,2007.
39..:/...-.
,2006.
40..: .. .
.:,2004.
41..: .. :
.
1988-1991.///.....,
2006.
42..::./....,2000.
43..: .1989.,2004;.(1989-2003.).,2005;.(1990-2006.).,2006.
44..:...2000;..II..2.,2001.
45. ...,394,395.
46..1998..303.
47.Asevedea:IstoriaRomanilor:cursuniversitar/VasileVasilos.Chisinau:
Civitas,2003;
48.Ase vedea: FruntasuIu.Oistorieetnopolitica aBasarabiei. 1812-2002.
Bucuresti;Chisinau,2002.
49.Nouzille J. Moldova:istoriatragicaauneiregiunieuropene.Chisinau,2005.
P.203,248.
50.Asevedea:CharlesKing.Moldovenii.Romania,Rusiasipoliticaculturala.
.144,145.
51.King Charles.Moldovenii.Romania,Rusiasipoliticaculturala..191.

56

2007, 3 (9)

52.Asevedea:NouzilleJ.Op.cit..235.
53..: . .1998;Grecu V.Oviziunedin
focarulconflictuluidelaDubasari.Chisinau:PrutInternational,2005;Cojocaru
Gh.E.Separatismulinslujbaimperiului.Chisinau:Civitas,2000;Grecu V.Oviziune
dinfocarulconflictuluidelaDubasari.Chisinau,2005;Muntean A., Cibotaru N.
RazboiuldepeNistru(1990-1992).AGER-economistul.Bucuresti,2004;Munteanu
Anatol. Sacrificiusitradare.RazboiuldesecesiunedinRepublicaMoldova(19901992).Bucuresti,2005.
54.Asevedea:Barsan V. Masacrulinocentilor.RazboiuldinMoldova.Bucuresti,
1993.
55.Asevedea:Cojocaru Gh.E.1989laEstdePrut.Chisinau:PrutInternational,
2001.P.154,155.
56..:.(9);(10);
(8);.-
(37);.(8).
57..::,,.-.
.,1994;.
,1995;.,1999;:.
. , 1997; Procesele
integrationistedinRepublicaMoldova:elaborareastrategieinationale.Chisinau,
2000;.
.,2005;oldova
intreEstsiVest:identitateanationalasiorientareaeuropeana/CAPTES.Chisinau,
2001; ioi ii ei: i? i
iiii.ii,6-72001.ii:,2002;Minoritatilenationalesirelatiileinteretnice:traditieeuropeanasiexperienta
noilordemocratii.Vol.1-2.Iasi:Paneurop,2002;
.,150-...
1.-:Ekim,2002;Minoritatilenationalesirelatiileinteretnice:
traditiaeuropeanasiexperientanoilordemocratiipentruMoldova.Vol.II.Iasi:Pan
Europe,2002;.-:.,2006;
:.,2007.
58..: .
.:Tehnica-info,
2004
59..: ..
:..:,1998; ..,
..:?.:,1998;
..:..:,2001.
60.Asevedea:Hobsbawn E.J. Natiunisinationalism:din1789pinainpresent.
Chisinau,1997.P.179.

57

, , , ,
.
,
.
,
. , 2007
,,
,, ,
-.,, - , ,
,.
, ,,,.

.
80-
,
,
, .,,-1988.,
. ,.

58

2007, 3 (9)

, .. ..
,
1989.

.
,,.,,,.,,
,,
(1).
-,
,

,.:

,
.,
,(2,.295).
,,,
, ,
,,.
, , ,
,
,,.
,,
.,
,(2,.282).
,,,-

59

,
.
.
,
,
.,,.
.
.
,,,,(2,
.283). , :
,
, , .

(3,.47).
1994,,
.
:,,.,,,
,
.,

,
.(4,.160).
,90- .
,-

60

2007, 3 (9)

,
.,
.
, . , , , .
,
,, (2, . 323; 5).
2000-.
,, 13,. ,
.

, , .
:
(6,.605),-.,
-,
, , , (6, .52).
,
..,-,,
,,.
,,
, . ,
, . , ,

61

., , ,
, .
,
.
, ,
.,, , ,
, .,,
(versus ).,.

(6,.549).
2000
, ,

, , () :
. ,,
.,
, .
,
,.
.,
. ,
(6,.552-553).

62

2007, 3 (9)

,
.,
.
.12,2%
.
, ,,
,,.
,. ..( )
,,
,
. (6, . 554-555).
1992. .. . 1994. ,,
, . , .
-,,.-

63

.
-.
1994.,.,,
.
,(6,c.58-61).
, ,
1994...,
.
,,
,
,.,,
,2001.
(6,.61-69).

.
.
.
,statusquo..,
.
.

64

2007, 3 (9)

,
.().

.
, . , , .,().
.
.,,
.
,
,
,,
,.

,,90-.. . ,.
, ., - ,
.,
,
-

65

,. ,
,-(6,.574-575).
2001.,,
.,- ,

.
, ?? ,
? , ? , ,
?
2001.,
,, , (7, . 130-139).
2001. . ,,,19952002.,
, , ,

. , ,: , , (8, . 1-5).
:

, 2001.
,,,, ,
. ,
.

66

2007, 3 (9)

,,
.
, . - ,,
.

180 ,,.
,.


(
) .
, Jamestown Foundation Monitor,
46%
.28%
65%,.

.
,
,(
).
,
:,,,
,
,35.
,,,,-

67


.,,,.,,,
,
., ,
,
.

. , , ,
, 2005 .
2001 (9, . 507-524).
,,,,
, 2001.,..,,,
. ,,,
, ,
, ,
. , ,
, ,

, . ,,.,.
, , ,

68

2007, 3 (9)

.
,.
,.

,
,,.,

,, 4,3 ,64,5%
().,
,
., , , , , . ,
,,.
, , , , -. ().
,-.,
,,,
,(

. - ..)., 90%,,,-.10% , 10%
.,-

69

, .
, .
,,,,.
, .
, ,,
.,,.,

,
,1999.,,
,,,.
Realpolitik, ,
,
, , .
,,,, .

,,,-.,.
,
.
(10,.485-504).
2005 .
, .:,,

70

2007, 3 (9)

,,,..,
4,.,
.,
2005,.FinancialTimes:,
,
. , ,
62%.46%(11,
c.6).LosAngelesTimes,,
-
.,(12,.A8).
,NewYorkTimes,,
,. ,
, , ,.,-, ,
.,,,
,,,
.
.,- . (New York Times, Mar. 7, 2005, p. A3).
Washington Post
,90%,,-

71

, (13,.A14).
,
.
,.,
() , .,.
. ,
.
,,,,, . ,,,,,. ,
. , , , , .
, ,. ,
,.,8-10%,... , ,
.
, , - .
, ,
, .

, .
-

72

2007, 3 (9)

.,
.,
,
, .
, .
,
(14, .131-138).
, ,,
. ,

,, .
,
.
,
.,

.,,(15,.316).
,
.

.
,NationalitiesPapers.,, .
,,,, ,
.

73

.
,
(16,.496).
,.
,,,,,.,, .,,,

,. , ,
,.,, .
,.
, , ,
(17,.426-427).

,
,.
,,,,
- .
.?

74

2007, 3 (9)

EastEuropeanPoliticsandSocieties.,
., , ,
,,,,.

,,,
.
, . ,
, -,
,,
,,. "" ,

, .
, " "
. , ,

, ""

.

, - .
, ,
,,40%2000. ( 45%), , ,
,.-

75

:,.
:. .
,,
,.
: - . - . !,
(18,.526-527).
- .
. ,

.
,

East European Politics and Societies.
,
, . : 1989 , , , . ,
,
(22,
Dilema, Academia Catevencu), , .
. , ,
, ,
. ,
, , , -,
, , -

76

2007, 3 (9)

, , ( ).
, , - , ,
(19, .189; 20).
, , , . : ,
, . ,
, , . , , . ,
, , , , ,
: 50% , 25 , 25 100% . , . , ,
.
Welcome ,
.
,
., .
,
,
,,
. ,
,,, , ..,, , . -

77

,.,
,,. , , , . , ,
, , ,
. ,,.
,,.
(21, . 5).
,,,:
,
, . ,
(22).

.

1..
//. .,1991.1..
160-188;....,1991.2..61-87;
:// ..,1993.
1..129-137.
2.Crowther W.Thepoliticsofdemocratizationinpost-communistMoldova//
DemocraticchangesandauthoritarianreactionsinRussia,Ukraine,Belarus,and
Moldova.Ed.ByK.DawishaandB.Parrot.CambridgeUniversityPress,1998.
3.Crowther W.TheConstructionofMoldovanNationalConsciousness// Beyond

78

2007, 3 (9)

Borders.RemakingCulturalIdentitiesintheNewEastandCentralEurope.Ed.by
L.KurtiandJ.Langman.Boulder,Colorado:WestviewPress,1997.
4.Crowther W. EthnicPoliticsandthePost-CommunistTransitioninMoldova.
NationalitiesPapers.Vol.26.1,1998.
5.
,,
..TheMOLDOVANS(2000)
.;;:http://www.iatp.md/articles.
:tatazemba@yahoo.com
6.TheHandbookofPoliticalChangeinEasternEurope.EdwardElgar,US,UK,
2004.
7.Hill R.Moldovavotesbackwards:The2001ParliamentaryElections//Journal
ofCommunistStudiesandTransitionPolitics.Vol.17.4,Dec.2001.
8.Waters T. TheMoldovanSyndrome.ForwardintothePast.ConflictStudies
ResearchCenter,February2002.
9.March L. Socialismwithunclearcharacteristics:TheMoldovancommunistsin
government.Demokratizatsiya,Washington,fall2004.Vol.12,4.
10. Quinlan P. Backto the future:An overview of Moldova underVoronin.
Demokratizatsiya,Washington,fall2004Vol.12,4.
11.FinancialTimes.L.,Mar.7,2005.
12.LosAngelesTimes.Mar.8,2005.
13.CommunistsleadinMoldovanpoll.WashingtonPost,Mar.7,2005.
14.Fairbank T. Participatingintheprocess:Theimportanceofcivilsocietyin
theformerSovietUnion.GeorgetownJournalofInternationalAffairs,Wash.,winter
2005.Vol.6,1.
15. Badescu G., Sum P. , Uslaner E.Civilsocietydevelopmentanddemocratic
valuesinRomaniaandMoldova.EastEuropeanPoliticsandSocieties.Berkley,
Spring2004.Vol.18,2.
16. Schrad M. L. . Ragdollnationsandthepoliticsofdifferentiationonarbitrary
borders.KareliaandMoldova.NationalitiesPapers.Abington,Jun,2004.Vol.32,
2.
17.Bugajski J. Rec.adop.:BeyondBorders:RemakingCulturalIdentitiesinthe
NewEastandCentralEurope.Ed.ByL.Kurti,J.Langman.Boulder:Colo.:1997.
SlavicReview,1998,2.
18.Batt J.Betweenrockandahardplacemulti-ethnicregionsontheEUsnew
easternfrontier//EastEuropeanPoliticsandSocieties.California,2002.Vol.15,3.
19.PavelDan. ThetextbooksscandalandrewritinghistoryinRomania.Letter
fromBucharest//EastEuropeanPoliticsandSocieties.Calif.,2000.Vol.14,2.
20..
:http://www.iatp.md/articles
21.Welcome.Chisinau,N148,June2001.P.5.
22.Klsto Pal .NationbuildingintheformerUSSR.1996.

79

:


,,,
,., , ,
.- , (
,),,.

,,,, , .
,,
,
,,,,., , ,
, 1 .
..,,,:
1) --
;
2) ,,,
- ,.

80

2007, 3 (9)

3)
-;
4) ,
;
5) /,,,
;
6) ,,,

,2.
:;,,, ;

,,. : ,
,,.,,,,.

,.
,.
,,
.
,: , , , , , , ,
:.
,
, .
,
,(,..):

81

,,,,,
.3,
, .
.
.,,(),(,,),()..
,4,,:
,;,<>5., ,, ,.
,(,,,..).,
.
, ,,,,.., .
,
..:,
,-
, ,
?,.
,:,,,
.,,,
.,
,??-?,-

82

2007, 3 (9)

,,.

.(,),:
,,,
, - , .
,,.
:,, . ,
:-,,
-,. :, . ( doctor de familie).
.,

, ,.
.,
,.
.
, ,
.
,.

, (
,,),(
, , ) ..,
( ,
..)?

83

,,,
?

-,,?,.
.
-.
, ,,.,
(,;;), ,
,
, .., ,,..,
.
5.,,
,.. , , ,.
-. -,.:!!,
, !.
,(,),(
).(),,(),(,).
: --.

84

2007, 3 (9)


,, (
, ; ,
! ).
. .
-,
,-!
,,
,
:!
,,
-.
,,
,,.

-,-,,,,-
,,,
,. .
,
,(,)
.,-.: ( ).
:
,-
,,: ?().
, :,,.
,,
, : (). .,,.
, .-

85

:!:! : .

,,.,.
;
.
?,,,,,
,
, .
,5-6,,, :,.
, , , .
, ,
.., , , .
:
!

,.,,:
!
,,-- .

. . - !, ! - -, .,,,
. -

86

2007, 3 (9)

, ,
,
.
,.
,
.
, :!(),
(),(),()
..
, . , :,!..
.,!(!),.,,: ! ( ! !)
.
!.

,. , ,,,
, . (,,,).,
.-,
, , . . ,:?,!.

,
-. , ,
(), -6.

87

,,, , -: !
(;-,).,,, .
. ... - -
.,-,
.
, .
:,,-,
,. , ,
,(
).
, ,,,
. , , , :,
,.
.(
,,,90-.)
.
,,
.,,
,.. ,
-,
.
,
,!(,!),.

2007, 3 (9)

88

:
-,?
-Yes!
-?
-Yes!
-??
-,!

,,
. ,,.
, ,,,, , (
).,,
, ,.
,,
,,-.
,,
,
:,
..,,
,
.,
,.

1. ..//.
,
...,2006..41; ..

89

//
.2006,2(4)..185.
2. .. ,,
?//.
.,1997..125.
3.
,,,
,.
4. .., ..
://..4.-(4).,2007.
5. .. -
//
..4.-
(4).,2007.
6. .. (
).,2005.


http://www.edrus.org
1999 .

.
, ""
,,
.

(. , . ,
.)
(.).

90

2007, 3 (9)


202007.--
. .-.
,(.,C.).

,--
.

,
,,,.()-
. -.
. , ,
(,)
(,).

..
..
,.- ..(
, )
. , -,..-:,..(

91

)
(,,,,)..(
) XIX ..

.,
,
.
...-()
(1919-1944.)..20-40-.XX..


-.--,.,,.
,
.

.

92

2007, 3 (9)


,,
,,
-
.
,

.,,,,.,
,
,.
:
1) .
-

.
2).
.,-XIX
. ,.
,,

:
1)
.
2),.,-

93

( ),
( -
), ,
(,
). .
, .
3),,.
,,
.-.,,,,.,
XIX
,.
..,,
,.,
,. ? , ?.
?.
, ,
..1,:, , ,.
,,, , -
,.

94

2007, 3 (9)

,,,
, .
, , ,
.
,

...
,
.,()XI
XII,,XIIIXIV,
,,
, 2.
: ( ),
, .

.:
.,,.
,
,
. ,
.( ) ,
.

,
.

95

. ,
,
,,.
,
,-. ,
. ,

.,
.
.
,,, . :.

,
.
,-
,()
-
,.
-,,,,.
,,.

2007, 3 (9)

96

,
,, .
,
,.
,
,
,,
, .

. ,
, . , ,
,()
-,..

1. .. //,1995,
5.
2. .. //
:..,1997..12.

http://karpatorusyns.org

97




,I.1991.,.., 1.

. ,
, , , .
,2.-,,,,,,,,.,
,650850.(1,253.),
6570% .
,,1991. 78%.
.,22,,92%.
, 11
(
,,,,.), ,
.
,,.

:),),)(,,,,,-

98

2007, 3 (9)

),),)
,
)(,)2.
?
,,,,
,,,..1996.
-,
-
,,-.
,,
,-3 .
***
1991.

,.,
(1946.),
-,-

,, , , ,
,
.
(I.,
)
--

99

,4.
,
.1991.,
,5.
,
,
,,
,..(),

. (),:
.,6.
,. ( )
. (1991)
-

.,
.
,, .
.2000.
1998 ., ,

(19191939)7. ,
,, .
,

100

2007, 3 (9)

,,
,,(
,29,151939.,
).

8.
,
,,,...19381944.9,
.,
,
,,.,.

,150-..(
2001.), 200-.. (2002.)
200-..(2003.).(,,232002.,..)10.,,
.,
,20022003.
.

(,

101

1999)11,

VIIII.,
,,
. ,,.

.
,.
.,, , , :.,,,().,,,
,-
,.,,
..
VI
2001.,:,,,,,. 12. VIII (4
2004.).. : ,
,13.
2002. ,
(,19962005),.(,).-

102

2007, 3 (9)

,
.

, .(18481948)(,1994),
.
,,,,
, 14. ,
.

(,2001;2-.2006)
,
...,,,-
. .(),
( .. ,
),
...
,

,.
.
,,.(...)
,-
.
,15,
.
,
,-

103

.,

,16.
. .
(,62002.),.
,-.
V
(26292002.)17 , .
.18.,,
"", , " ", .
, , "
",,"""",,19.,?,,,
,,,
..,,20.,
.

,

.21.
. ,.,..!(,2002).
,..,,,,,,-

2007, 3 (9)

104

,
-.(,
,.,,
.
1944.,
() ,...)22..:,,,10,,,-,,
""."".,""23.

:..
(2005)...(2007),..
,
.,
,,,.
,
.

1.i .. .Iiio.,2007..101.
2.-.82005//
http://karpatorusins.org/more.php?id=168_0_1_0_C30
3. . //..,2003.37
(661)..

105

4..: ..
//..,1997.6..6772; ..
//.
I..,2004..1..276302; .. ...,2006.
5..: .. ://..,2005..2022.
6. .. iiiii
ii // i ii iii ii:
iiiiii.,2000..19.
7.ZakarpatskaUkrajinavramciCeskoslovenska(19191939).Presov,2000.
8.i.ii(1939
1944).i,1997.
9.i.19381944.--i-,1999.
10.iii,200-i
.I.-(,23i2002)//i.i.,2003..3..88.
11. .Ici.,1999.
12.-2004..,2004..80.
13. . -.VIII
42004.
14. .//http://litorys.org.ua/rizne/
panchukm.htm.:.1995.2-3(6)..117124.
15. .. ..:...
,2002.431.//.2003.1..107109.
16...109.
17. .i?:i
Viiiii(.ii,26292002.)
i,2002.36.
18. . i:iiii//
i.iiii.i,2002..302325.
19...304.
20. . i?.357.
21..://Ii!.ii.,2002..4.
22..: .. ()
.19391945..,2003.
23. I.iiii//Ii!
.ii.,2002..30.

106

2007, 3 (9)



XIX .

XVIIIXIX.
:,
,,
:
,
.,I
,
,
,
,,,,,.
,XIX. .
.
*
*
*
(1784/17861835),

. 1805-1810.
,..,,.
..,
. IV 1 .
,2,.
3;,,-

107

,.

,
.
.., ; , ,,, ,4.
-
,
-
,,
,.
:1807.
:
.
,,5.
..,,,
,. -1810.6, .
.
.. , , , ,
,,
(, ), , , (, , - ,,
).

108

2007, 3 (9)

. 7,..
,
-.
,,, ,
, .
.,,
,- . .
.
,.,-, 8. .. (225),

,.,,. . ,,,
, .
,,. . , - ,
,,

109

.,XIX.
,
,.
,
(,).,..
, . ,
,
,,,,
, . , ,
:9....,,?10,
?,.
***
- ,(
)
,
11. , , ,

.,,,.,,.,,.
,.,
. ,
,
12.,-

110

2007, 3 (9)

, .
.. .13..
.. ,
.,
,,
. , , .
,,,
.
( ) ,

;
;
,,..,:,,""""14.
,,
-(,,
), - . , .,
,XVIIIXIX.
(),
,,.,,,
...
.,-

111

..,.
*
*
*
, ,
. ,
, . ,. , , XIX .
,, , ,
.,1812.,., 15.
. XVIII
XIX.
,,, ,
,,.,
,
, . ,
:
( )16,,.
,,
.

.XVIII
..,-

112

2007, 3 (9)

17.

. , ,
.

.,..,
, , ,

,().,,,,
. . ,
..18.
, ,,:

. , , ,
;,,
, .,,
,
, , (I:158-159).- , ,..
. (), -,,
,,.
- XIX .
,-,,

113

. , , ,
19.
,,.
,
,
. ,.

,.:
,, , ,
,..
..

.:,,
(I:132-135).,,
20. ,,.,...
,.
,;,.
,:
,,,
:,,,;,,-(I:136-137).-

114

2007, 3 (9)

, -.
, .
,
,
.,-
:,
:,,,,
, ,
,., ,
, ,
: ,
, ,
, ,
,(I:148-149).
..;-,,:
,.
;:,, , , ,
;,(II:1-2).
.-,, . ,
:,,, . ,
,:,,,,,
.-

115

:,
.,
.,
.., .
,
.,,., .
,,
,.
,
..,,..,,
,. , .. , ,
:,,,,..,,(I:160-161).
, ,
,.,,
-,
(
),,
.,,:,,.21,
, . ,
.:, . , ,
.,

116

2007, 3 (9)

22.23.(24)
,
,.
.., , ,,(): , ., ,,,
.

(25).
( , 26
I:150)(..,
I:138).
,
. :
( ),,,,,. ,
, -
.,.
, . : ,
:
,,
,.,,,

117

,,,
(I:160).
.,
-.
(,,),
/,,
. ,
. ( )
27,

-,,
,. ,
.
,
. .
..,28. , , (I:28,
53).,,
,,,..
.30.:,-.
-,,,.,,
,-
(I:159).,
:;
,,. , , ,
.,
.,-

118

2007, 3 (9)

,,,
(I:163). ,
..,:.
,, ,
.
,XIX.:

,,.- ,
""().
.., . ,
.
:,,. ,
, ,
.,, , ,
,.
,(II:7).

..,
. ,,.,
....
*
*
*
, ,
..-

119

,XVIII
XIX. :
.,
.
, ,
.
,
-. ,
,.,
.
.-,
,
,
.,, ,.

1....:.1835.91..364,118..471472; ..:..,1980.
2.
-..18051810..I-IV.
.,1818-1819.
3..,:.1819.21..49;1820.48..51.
4. ...III..,1818..229.
5..
..:.
6.-1810..I-II..,1828.
--.

120

2007, 3 (9)

7. .""//,.,1926..48.
8....
9. .. :
//..1...,1994..13-14.
10..:
..XIX.//
.2004.1..2137.
11..,:...,2003.
12. .. ://.
-..,2004.
.97-102.
13.i ..i//i.
..1.--.
1998..46.
14. ../:
,,..2..,1995..138; ..
?/:,,..1..,1994..84.
15...,
- ../...,2003..9.
16.XVIII..-.
, .-. ..,1901.
.139.,,
..
.. : :
.. ..VI..,1955..58.
17. .
..,2002..229....,
:,,,,.:..
XVIIXIX..2002..281.
18.i . ...46.
19. .. ()//:,,..
7..,2001..97.
20. , .:
. ...,2004.
21...: ....
.,1987..310.

121

22. ..
..,2003..76.
23. , ,
.,,
( ..),,
,(I:160)..i . .
..46.
24..,,:,,-,,
,,,
,,
.:,
,,
,
(II:81).
25.(),,,-,
.
26.,
, ,
-II:4.
27.,,, .
,,,
,,
-...I..,1818..249-250...:,,,,
(I:192).
28. ...I..,1818..290.
29.,,,,,,
(I:336).
30...,
:
,,...
,,-,
(I:24).

2007, 3 (9)

122

I
O
1914 *

,
XIX-
1-.2.
.,

.1848,
, 3, 1850-
1870-,1880-.
,
-.,a , .
(1939),
,
.,,.
()

*.
,i: , i: ,
, 9(2001):254-280.

123

,
.
XIX-XX . (1941).
4,.
,
,XIXXX.

1918
?5
i6,
7.
,
,8.

,.

XIX
,()9.1870-(
)60-70-,
().

-,Slavia orthodoxa,,
. i
10.,-, .
,

2007, 3 (9)

124

11. , ,

12.
?.1848
,(1859)13,186014.
1867,.,()
.,,
.
:
1850-;
15. ,()(),
.
,,,,.

,

,(1799,1806).
.1835
1839-1840
(1800-1878).,,(1777-1862)16.1849I(1782-1856)-

125

.,
.
o
,
().
1872,,
,17.

18.
1866
,1868-1870(500,250
300).1868 500
()19.500
810,.
,2005
440,128.

. - ,
.
.1863120,1864 ,186555,1866186720.1863
120.
15-20
,25021.
o,
-o
22 .

,,23.1876-1879 (ii5-),(1000)-

126

2007, 3 (9)

24.,(18201888) ,

.,
500,1880.
25.

,
,1500(,,400-5001865)26.1861(1792-1863),(1802-1872).
,27.
..561863
,28.
186718813329,1887(1873).
:1863-1868,1872,18801882,1869-1874,o1869-1881,1874-1877, 1878-1880 1879-1886. :(1814-1888),
(1826-1891),(1827-1908),(1811-1885),(1821-1913),(1829-1901).1851
,30,.1861, ,
-,1865 , 31 .
, .
52.
32,

127

1867-186036-,1870-187636-(32-
),1877-188218-(14-)33.
(1861,
1872).,
59(1866)a
.
,
. ,
i ,
i
. i34,
io
,.
1871
.
187035
1853.
1500.
36.
1874
,..1910
,37.

400
2,5.,.,1874-191225000
500038.190042854
(275 ),200
39 .

1880-
.

128

2007, 3 (9)

. 1867

.
,
(1833-1891).,
,
186840.
1882
.
().,41,
12-28-1882(41).

. (1834-1902).(1817-1901)42,.
,
,,
.
(-).
.,, 16043. . ,
..44,.
, ,
.1882
(1821-1900)
45.(1836-1898).-
.
,
-

129

.
-,
,
.
1891
46.- ,
,.
1883
4()47.(
).
,1883(1889)

48.
()() 1880-,
49.
,
.
..188216,1883-17,18851951.
i.1881
(6000).
56.1882
4000,, ,2
000 . 1884 1885 3 500 ,
2500.1886
1200051,140
.,
1888-1891, (18901893)(1893-1894)52.

1880-(1885
)-

2007, 3 (9)

130

.
?(),
,.
.,

1892
53.,,54.
1890.,,
189255.()
().
,
, , , , , -
56 .
1894
,1895

57. 1898 1848


.,.o
58 .

-,59.
XIX.ad hoc,1899,-.
(1844-1916),
(1876-1956),(1871-1951),
(1873-1937)(1878-1935).

131

-.
..
,-,.,
(1899); (1902-1905); (19091914) (1909-1915).190861., 62.
,(18641938),(1861-1922)(18761918)
,,
.
(-)().

,
().
1910
63.
.i(1847-1915)64.
65
.
().

1907().1913
()66.
1908
1908
-i.,
(1887-1979) (1861-1908).

132

2007, 3 (9)

(1849-1935), . -
,
.,
,
.1909, - ,
()67.
, -

.
1903 -
.
,
.().,,,,,
o.
.6968.
1909
,
,i
.(1868-1927)69.-,
.

(,1900;,1903-1904,1909,1911;,1909)70.
.-.,

133

,i,,.-,o1850-.

.
,
.1909
71.,,
.
--.
,,
-
. ,i72.(-).
.

73.
ii 1911 i 1912 .
,
.
,. 600
74.19121333
,37575.600ii
1590,i1912
7i.

(1888-1914)76.,1911,i2-.
.
, 400 i
i..

134

2007, 3 (9)

.1912,
(1882-19??),,.i., (1877-1965)
(1886-19??),
8000.,
,,9-
1914.:
ze w czasie od roku 1909 do marca 1912 we Lwowie i w innych
miejscowosciach tajnie we wzajemnym porozumieniu, czescia jako
przywodcy lub podzegacze, czescia jako bezposrednio wspoldzialajacy
przedsiebraliprzezpodzeganie,apierwsitrzejtakzeiprzezszpiegowanie,
takich czynnosci, ktore zmierzaly do oderwania Galicji lub jej czesci od
jednolitegozwiazkupanstwalubobjetoscikrajowcesarstwaaustryjackiego
nadtooskarzaMaksymaSandowicza,zewpierwszejpolowiegrudnia1911
r.wGrabiu,istniejacejwpanstwiereligjikatolickiejpubliczniemowawzgarde
okazywal. Prokuratorja oskarza wiec wszystkich czterech podsadnych o
zbrodniezdradyglownej,z58c.u.l.,aMaksymaSandowiczaponadtoo
zbrodnieobrazyreligjiz122b.u.k.77
66-,,,,(i)
,.
,

. 78.
1904-1906(,
)79.-
,29-19133-1914.
94-
.,i(1877-1947)80. 33 . (4,5 i
).,2,5
6.,6800.i.,.
1914
4005-10.

135

i .
.12-20
81.
1914,

.
82,(
).
(1914-1915),83-,(,ii)

,-.
,-,
., ,
,
.i
i,
,.
.
,
,84.,,
85.,
,86.,19-
, ,a.,
,,-,

136

2007, 3 (9)

.,
87.
,.
-,i.,,
,.1912205 a .
88.1914,,
400-
89.
-1913
8742(ii117
i).(3363
)(3095)90.
(3095)-
8.5.41.6
i.,
oo
o91.
i
1910-191492.
,19-
- i 20-
93,
ii.
,.(,).
():,
.,
. i
-

137

i.
, i
.
iii
,94,
,.

-..
i
.,
.1994.,2001.
1

/

1898
1852
1870
1876
1879
1894
1904
1913

1,60
?
1,62
[1,56]*
[1,60]*
[2,55]*
[2,.60-2,75]*

0,15
0,16
0.15
?
?
?
0,11

?
?
0,73
0,74
0,77
0,51
0,52

*--,
--
1=$0,48(1879)
1=0,48(1894)
1=0,10,0,50(1897)
1=0,20(1904)
1=0,04,0,20(1913)
:
James Laurie. UniversalExchangeTables:ShowingtheValueoftheCoinsof
EveryCountryInterchangedwithEachOtheratAllRatesofExchange.London,
1852):xxxii
William D. Diggs. MoneyofAllNationsEqualizedandCurrencyRatesofSterling
Exchange(NewYork,1876):8,13.

2007, 3 (9)

138

ForeignMoneys:ExhibitingtheValueinUnitedStatesCoin,ofthePureGoldor
Silver,RepresentingRespectivelytheMonetaryUnitsandStandardCoinsofForeign
Countries,AccordingtoActofCongress,March3rd,1873(NewYork,1879)::CurrentMoniesofAllNations.
Clarke Frank.Wigglesworth.Weights,Measures,andMoney,ofAllNations.
NewYork,1894:13,65.
CarlHering,ReadyReferenceTables.VolumeI.ConversionFactorsofEveryUnit
orMeasureinUse...BasedontheAccurateLegalStandardValuesoftheUnited
States(NewYork,1904):164-165.
R. L. Bidwell.CurrencyConversionTables:AHundredYearsofChange.London,
1970:4(Austria),43(Russia).

2
()

1863
1865
1868
1869
1870
1876
1877
1878
1879
1913

9,08
9,59
13,57
11,75
11,44
11,79
14,67
13,73
14,35
12,1

4,44
4,58
7,69
6,9
5,56
6.84
7,09
7,02
7.38
8,33

3,21
3,29
5,49
5,31
4,62
5,16
5,04
5,08
5,49
6,14

:
Stanislaw Siegel.CenywWarszawiewlatach1816-1914(Poznan,1949),

http://www.sfu.ca/~djacks/data/prices/Poland/Warsaw,%20Grains,%2018161914,%20monthly.xls

(=5.95/bushel).
127.215
121.772
114.515

139

1868
1869
1870
1876
1877
1878
1879
1881
1882
1884
1885
1886
1900
1912
1913

6,08
3,56
3,94
6,72
7,09
7,20
5,26
7,92
9,87
7,06
5,47
6,40
10,59
23,24
20,40

2,71
2,07
2,01
4,32
3,55
3,36
2,69
4,03
6,07
3,79
3,48
2,76
5,04
17,00
16,80

1,65
1,62
1,74
3,77
2,65
2,47
1,90
2,61
5,85
2,76
2,82
2,49
5,15
17,60
19,40

:
Stanislaw Hoszowski.CenyweLwowiewLatach1701-1914(Lwow,1934),

http://www.sfu.ca/~djacks/data/prices/Poland/Lwow,%20Grains,%2018001914,%20monthly.xls

( )
1860-1875(1=100)(=61,5
=1,75)
1876-1896100(=2,75)
1897100
1898-1909100(=2,75)
1910-1914100
127,215
121,772
114,515

2007, 3 (9)

140

1.
,
..
2.John Paul Himka. TheConstructionofNationality
inGalicianRus:IcarianFlightsinAlmostAllDirections,R.G.Suny,M.D.,Kennedy,
.,IntellectualsandtheArticulationoftheNation(AnnArbor,MI,1999):124-127.
3.,().
4. ....,.258
(,),259(),.260()
O i(""),IIIi.(,1996):106112; .(XX)(,2002),
(XIX.),:http://litopys.org.ua/salto/salt09.htm
5.Jaroslaw Moklak. Koncepcjestaroruskieiprorosyjskiewukrainskiejmysli
politycznej.RuskaAgrarnaOrganizacja(RAO)iRuskaWloscianskaOrganizacja
(RSO),M.Pulawski,.,UkrainskamyslpolitycznawXXwieku,Zeszyty
NaukoweUJ,Pracehistoryczne103(Cracow,1993):149-154.
6. .:?//,o.
18(2000):120,http://www.ji.lviv.ua/pdf/18.pdf.
DieRussophileninGalizien:UkrainischeKonservative
Zwischen Osterreich und Russland, 1848-1915, Studien zur Geschichte der
Osterreichisch-UngarischenMonarchie27(Wien,2001).
7.Jaroslaw Moklak.Moskwofilstwo(moskalofilstwo)irusofilstwo.
UwagioterminologiiwzwiazkuzartykulemAndrzejaA.Zieby//StudiaHistoryczne
43,no.4(Krakow,2000):701-712,Bogdan Horbal,Rusofilstwoczy
moskalofilstwolubmoskwofilstwo.Przyczynekdodyskusjinadniescislosciami
terminologicznymi,Antoni Podraza, Andrzej Zieba, Helena Duc-Fajfer,.,
PraceKomisjiWschodnioeuropejskiejPAU9(Krakow,2004):191-194.
8. , .
XIXXX.:,,//
..34(1999):231-268;..
,.:
(,2002).
9.Paul Robert Magocsi.OldRuthenianismandRussophilism:ANewConceptual
FrameworkforAnalyzingNationalIdeologiesinLate19thCenturyEasternGalicia,b:
PaulDebreczeny,.,AmericanContributionstotheNinthInternationalCongress
ofSlavists,(Kiev1983)2Literature,Poetics,History(Columbus,1983):310-317.
i(-

141

,c.267),
,.(
), . ,
()(,)
,
-.
10. , . ...,.232;
..120.,,.
11. , . ....237,13.
12..
,1860-,1872. .Aenigmaambulans:.()
//4-5(2000):81-104,
http://www.franko.lviv.ua/Subdivisions/um/um4-5/Statti/3-SEREDA%20Ostap.htm
13... .//StudiaSlavicaSavariensia.2(1994):99-106,,o.9(1997):140-147.
14. .....,.117.
:O. .-
//
233(1997):69-99.
15. . ......117.
16.,,. . :
//i:,,
9(,2001):286.
17. . (XI)(.,2000):198.http://www.ukrhistory.narod.ru/texts/miller.htmOlga
Poato,TheUkrainianQuestion:theRussianEmpireandNationalismin
theNineteenthCentury(Budapest,2003).
18.John Paul Himka. HopeintheTsar:DisplacedNaiveMonarchismamongthe
UkrainianPeasantsoftheHapsburgEmpire//RussianHistory7,.1-2(1980):125138.
19.(),
.
20. . .XIXXX . (., 2001): 74, http://www.ukrstor.com/ukrstor/
paszaeva_oczerk-x.html

142

2007, 3 (9)

21. . ,o,ALMAMATER..4
(2003):5(37),:http://www.ecsocman.edu.ru/images/pubs/2005/06/
30/0000214844/shipilov_AlmaMater.pdf
22. . ....198-199.
23. .1860-67(),:..,..
,..,.:(,1997):166,http://www.ukrhistory.narod.ru/texts/sereda-1.htm
24.187812
.1560,
16.
25. . .....202.
26. . .....158,163-164.
27. . .....58.
28. . . ....60.
29. . .....80.
30.: .7090-
.:,.4-5(,2000):124-148,
h t t p : / / w w w. f r a n k o . l v i v. u a / S u b d i v i s i o n s / u m / u m 4 - 5 / S t a t t i / 5 KYRYCHUK%20Oleksandra.htm1848-1869,i:,,
9(,2001):300-319.
31... , . . .
(,1996):207,213.
32. . 18611901.(,2002):108.
33. . ....107-108,135-136,163; , . .....241.
34. , ......258.
35.,
1870.1879
,
. , .......241-242.
36. . . ..,
XIX//
.1(12),2001.http://www.vob.ru/public/bishop/istor_vest/2001/1_12/
12_10.htm
37.,
,,. .ii:iiii//i:,
,9(,2001):395.:Jaroslaw
Moklak.MychajloKaczkowskyjiczytelniejegoimienianaLemkowszczyznie,
Magury87(1987):53-65.

143

38.Paul Robert Magocsi. TheKachkovskyiSocietyandtheNationalRevivalin


Nineteenth-CenturyGalicia,HarvardUkrainianStudies15,no.1/2(1991):58,60,65.
39. . ii.396.
40. . . .....74-77.
41.(,1882),
http://mnib.malorus.org/kniga/55
42.Paul Robert Magocsi. TheShapingofaNationalIdentity:Subcarpathian
Rus',18481948(Cambridge,1978)..57..
,
(1865).(
)(1869).1875,1881
.
43.Paul Robert Magocsi.TheKachkovskyiSociety..68.
44. . . .....
45. I .":
-1882"//
225(1993):365-375;John Paul Himka.ReligionandNationalityin
WesternUkraine.TheGreekCatholicChurchandTheRutenianNationalMovement
inGalicia,1867-1900(Montreal,1999):73-98.
46. . . .....107.
47. , . .....237,13.
48. . ....168,195.
49. , . ....243.
50. . .....103.
51.John Paul Himka. TheConstructionofNationalityinGalicianRus.....160,
.63.1884,
.
(...,.115)
(6000001884
6500001885).
,/
?
52.Paul Robert Magocsi.TheShaping....68.
53.Jaroslaw Moklak. W walce otozsamosc Ukraincow: zagadnieniejezyka
wykladowego w szkolach ludowych i srednich w pracach galicyjskiego Sejmu
Krajowego,1866-1892(Krakow,2004):213.
54. , .....247.
55. ......207-211.
56. , . .....247.
57.1895(,-,). . ....213.

144

2007, 3 (9)

58. , . ....250.
59.Paul Robert Magocsi. OldRuthenianismandRussophilism....318-319;
. .....118-119.
60. .
.302.
61.Paul Robert Magocsi. TheKachkovskyiSociety.70.
62. .ii.397.
63.John Paul Himka.ThePropagationofOrthodoxyinGaliciaontheEveof
WorldWar//i:,,
9(,2001):483.
64.John Paul Himka.ThePropagationofOrthodoxy.491.
65.
Czeslaw Partacz.OdBadeniegodoPotockiego:stosunkipolsko-ukrainskiewGalicji
wlatach1888-1908(Torun,1996);I. . .XX
.:-(,2000);. . .XX
:(1902-1914)(,2002).
66.Keith P. Dyrud.TheQuestfortheRusynSoul:thePoliticsofReligionand
CultureinEasternEuropeandinAmerica,1890-WorldWarI(Philadelphia,1992):37.
67. , .....253.
68.Keith P. Dyrud.TheQuestfortheRusynSoul....49-54;O. . "-"//

2(1999):105.
69.O. .-.106.
70.John Paul Himka.ThePropagationofOrthodoxyinGalicia.484-485.
71.Bernadetta Wojtowicz. TheRoleofReligionintheDevelopmentofNational
ConsciousnessamongtheLemkos//PaulBestJaroslawMoklak,.,TheLemkos
ofPoland(CracowNewHaven,2000):210.
72.Paul Robert Magocsi MadeorRe-madeinAmerica?NationalityandIdentity
FormationAmongCarpatho-RusynImmigrantsandTheirDescendants,Coexistence:
A Review of East-West and Development Issues Special issues.The Emigre
Experience 28 (Dordrecht, Netherlands, 1991): 335-348,
StworzeniczyprzeksztalceniwAmeryce?Narodowosciprocesyswiadomosciowe
wsrodemigrantowkarpacko-rusinskichiichpotomkowwUSA,PrzegladPolonijny
18,no.3(Wroclaw,1992):5-17.
73.Klaus Bachmann.TlopolityczneekspansjiprawoslawianaterenieGalicjiprzed
wybuchemIwojnyswiatowej,BiuletynUkrainoznawczy.3(1997):81-91; . 1911-15:
,19,.1(1998):3-8.
74.John Paul Himka. ThePropagationofOrthodoxyinGalicia.485-486.
75. .
.7(39).
76.Marian Bendza. Ks.MaksymSandowiczzycieidzialalnosc,Wiadomosci
AutokefalicznegoKosciolaPrawoslawnegowPolsceno.3/4(Warszawa,1978):106118;Isaac Lambertsen.HolyNewHieromartyrMaximusSandovich:Protomartyrof

145

theLemkoPeople(Liberty,Tenn.,1999); . :90-i10-
(Sanok,2004).
77.Michal Boltryk. Sadnad
swietymMaksymem,PrzegladPrawoslawny.6(228)(2004).
7(253)(2006),:http://www.pporthodoxia.com.pl/archiwum.php
78. .
, http://
www.otechestvo.org.ua/analitika/2004_12/an_31_01.htm.
79.Paul Robert Magocsi. TheShaping.68.
80.Roman Dubec. SchiarchmandrytaAleksyKabaliuk-ApostolZakarpacia,
CerkiewnyWiestnik.1(2000):53-70; , . :()(,2001),:http://www.moskvam.ru/2002/08/frolov.htm;
. , http://www.pravoslavie.ru/put/sv/
archimalexijkabalyuk.htm
81.John Paul Himka. ThePropagationofOrthodoxyinGalicia.492.
82.-
Klaus BachmanPiatakolumnaMoskwy?Ruchrusofilski
wGalicjiaaustriackapolitykazagranicznaprzedpierwszawojnaswiatowa,Biuletyn
Ukrainoznawczyno.5(Przemysl,1999):7-15EinHerdder
Feindschaft gegen Russland: Galizien als Krisenherd in den Beziehungen der
DonaumonarchiemitRussland(1907-1914)(Wien,2001)i:
HugoLane,HABSBURG,H-NetReviews,January,2002.URL:http://www.h-net.org/
reviews/showrev.cgi?path=17441012583114.,

,,
(?-..).
83. ...,2000.
84.Paul Robert Magocsi.TheRootsofUkrainianNationalism:GaliciaasUkraine's
Piedmont(Toronto,2002):101.
85.Paul Robert Magocsi. TheRootsofUkrainianNationalism....106.
86. , . ....250.
87.Paul Robert Magocsi.TheRootsofUkrainianNationalism....146.
88.John Paul Himka. ThePropagationofOrthodoxyinGalicia.488,492.
89. . //
.. .(,2001):43.
90.Keith P. Dyrud. TheQuestfortheRusynSoul....53.
91.Keith P. Dyrud. TheQuestfortheRusynSoul.56-57.
92. John Paul Himka. ThePropagationofOrthodoxyinGalicia.484.
93.Jaroslaw Moklak. ThePhenomenonoftheExpansionofOrthodoxyinthe
GreekCatholicEparchyofPrzemysl:MissionaryActivitiesoftheOrthodoxChurch,
1918-1939//PaulBestiJaroslawMoklak,..,TheLemkosofPoland(Cracow
NewHaven,2000):107-118.

146

2007, 3 (9)


*
81891.,,
Oregon,,,1(-),-.
2...-
,,
. 1891.
,.,.
.
,
,.. ,
.3.
1893 .
.
,,
(,,).
1895.

,-.*,

147

4 5., .
,
,:,,!
,,..
-
.
,., ,
6,
.
1896.:
,,
,.
7, -
8.,
,LimestoneLake,,

,
,-1899.9
1897.,,,
.
, ,
..-10.,.
,
- .
1901.
, , 18 1897 .

148

2007, 3 (9)

.
x,:
11 .
,
,99
12.
,131900.,-
1902.(1910.)
14.
,1900..,
,
15().
1897 .
, -
.--
.16.

1898.
.

149

1898.-.,.
.1901.
-
.
, ,
17.
:,
.1936., ., XIX.
,
18 .
1899 . .(),.,,
,.

181897..
1500-()().

150

2007, 3 (9)


. ,
80-, .1900.

- ,

,
,,19 .

-
1899..
(,-.
) 20.120-
.
,.
1901.
,,.
,- .
.
,
. -, - 21.:22.

...-

151

1904.-(),-(),1905.-..
.
1901. ,
500023.
. , 1891 .
. , ,.
,,-...24 .
1910..,(1911.).
()42, ()31

-1920.

152

2007, 3 (9)

.-
.
, 1926 .,
,(1898)

.,123
25.
1913., 1914.
-.

.
,, .: 26, -
().
27
28.
1919.
.
,.,
,.,
, ,
,29..
1916.
:,30.1922.(),-,
(),-31.1935.()
:()..
.
32.

153

.--,.,,
,.,
33,,.1918.,,
, .:,
,,,,
,1917,
100.

,,
,.
20-. ,.10 .

-.
.
()341926.,.
, . , , :35.:
...36.
.-,,.
,
.-,,-.
,
.50-., ,

154

2007, 3 (9)

.:...,
......
...,,
,.:...,.
1931 . () .,,,.
20,,
. 37.,,,
,50.
,
,,.,,,,
,.


().
1899..-,
38.
,1941.,1941-1943.-.,,
.1959.,

. , () - (),
(1941.).
,

155

, ,
.:?-.:.
.
1968..-, - . , .,,
,
-.
,.
13-OrthodoxVII.
, , ,,, ;
,;
- ; ;;;
-
; , ,,.,.
,,
,
39,.,
,.

1.20,,1785.
.1904.
.(. . .,1906).
2.EdmontonJournal.September8.1966(
).
3..,1937.
4...,1896.

156

2007, 3 (9)

5..,1895.
6.
1994.
7. Panchuk John.BukovinianSettlementsinSouthernManitoba.Michigan,1971.
P.4.
8..8/9.,1926.
9..-,151899.
.439.
10.//.-,31901.
11.()
.271997.,.
12..-,1.1897..29.
13.261900.
//EchoesofFaith.Leduc,1985.P.5-7.
14.HistoricalSketchofSt.MarysRussianOrthodoxChurch//EchoesofFaith.
Leduc,1985.P.1-4.
15...111.
16. ...1897.
17.AppealCaseintheSupremeCourtoftheNorthwestTerritoriesbetween
Plaintiffs:TrusteesoftheGreekCatholic ChurchofStarand Defendants:Rev.
J.Korchinski,M.Polushe,I.Pylypow,M.Melnyk.Edmonton,1904.
18..-,251898.
19..18.-,1900.
20.ShandroChurch//AlbertaHistory.Calgary.Autumn1982.
21..17/18.-,1901.
22. . .//.12/30/2007.
.24.http://www.sedmitza.ru/index.html
23..-,15/28.1901.
24..8/9.-,1902.
25..8/9.,1926.
26..22.,1917.
27..29.,1917.
28..1.,1918.
29. . .,1919..5.
30...53.
31..
32. ..,1955..33.
33..,211914.
34.1996.
35.150-..2.
-,1945..80.
36...78.
37.,.
38..12.,1969.
39.2,25.

157

():


.
VII..
(),
(), .
.
.
.
. .
- .
(,),(),
(),().--().
..
,.
: .
-.
,().
1950-...-

158

2007, 3 (9)

,.1959., , . 1. , 12
1959.,
,..
..,..
..(), 2.1993.
..,.,
,3.
.
(2003,9)4. -, . 12,.-,
,,1919.
-.,,
.,
. :
,-1918.; ,
VIII.;,1901-1918.,
.
., ,
1945.5.,,2005.
,1946. 6.
, 1945 .,
.,-, 1939-1944 . . 2005 .
20-.-

159

7.2007.
()8 ,
. . .
92007.9
18 1902 .
10 .

,
,.
.8,1920..1924-1925.
()11.
1920- . -
.
. ,,.
,.101926.,
,,. , ,12 .
,..
- ,
1928 . - . - ., . 1930.
,,() .
(,
2001.),().221938.
.
1939.. . 1940 . ,
25.,,.

160

2007, 3 (9)

1942....
,.
.1945.. . 14 1945 . ()()
: . (), 13. 16 1945 . 10
1945.
. 14. 7
1946 .15. .
. .,,..1947..
(),.,: 1946-1958 .,
.....
,,.
, .
,.,,,....
()
1951..:16. -()1955.:(
),.
, .

17.
1950.,- ()
,,
.1951.
-().

161

- ,
.
()-..,

I
.
,.
1958-1959. -
.-.171959..,
.18.
1959-1960..- . ,
19.1960-1961. - .
, 1961-1962 . .
. 1962-1985 .
..
,,
...
()221966.:
,
,
20.
.,,.:-,
,;.,,,
,,..
.
, 25 1980 . .
,:,,
20,
,80.
.
,-.

21 .

2007, 3 (9)

162

..

.
281985..,,,
.,10
,,.31.()..,().
,
.
,.
.
,.

1. .//.1959.12,17.
2.()//.1986.3..29.
3. . ,//.1993.5..75-83.
4. .()//
.2003.9..32-35.
5. .()////
.
6. .//.2005.2//.
7. . //.2005.
23; .,
,//.2005.23;
.():
//.2005.1-7.
8. . ()//.2007.19.
9. . ()://.2007.
9;()://
//http://orthodoxy.org.ua/uk/node/8316
10.().15.11.1935.//..
11. . .():/..:,2005..105.
12. .//..
2006.29..5.

163

13. (), . ()14.11.1945.//.


.
14.()
10.12.1945.//.
.
15. (), . ()
24.04.1946.//.
.
16. (), .()26.01.1951.//.
.
17. (), .()8.08.1955.//.
.
18. (), . -
()17.03.1959.//..
19.- .-
(1921-2001).:,2007..61.
20. (), . -()22.07.1966.//..
21. (), .24.02.1980.//
..

164

2007, 3 (9)

:

,

-,
.,
XVIII-XIX .,
.,
(.1670-1739),
(1764-1829), (1765-1821), (1769-1847),
(1770-1829),(18021839),(1821-1874).,,,.,,1,
,.
1862.,(
.).,,1884.
-,.
.
, , , ,,
-.-

165

- .
(1837-1883-1911),
.,,
-,
.,
.
, 1892 .
. 1893 . -
,,2.88-.
1891..

.
?
.


3 .

:
,
,


,

,
(), ,
4 .
,
, ,-

166

2007, 3 (9)

. ( ) ()
, 5.
,
.,: ,
, ,
,
6.
,,
,
,,
.,, : , ,
, , ,
, ,
!7 .
.
,
8.
1893.
. . ,
,
9.
,,.
1912.10, ,
11,.
,,.
,,.
.1902..,,,,
- 1904-1905 .

167

,.,
,.
,,,, .
.,.,.
,,,
,12(,,
:,,13).
,,
,.,
,
-,,
.
,,,. , , ,
.,,..
.
.,1902.. ..- .1903.
.(1874-1945)14.,.
,?,,.-,,,,.
.
,.,,
,

2007, 3 (9)

168

15. (, ),,.
,1912.
.,
?,,(,).

1.. , : . iiiiiii
Iii//..1996,1..44-46.
2. . ,
,..,1893.

.
3. . .5.
4...5-6.
6...38.
7...87.
8...35-36.
9. ....46.
10. , ,
.,,.
11. .//..1912,9..17-21;10.
.14-18.
12.
(.,,)
(
,)...,(: .., ..XVIII//.1981,5..22,23).
13. .. -(
.)//..,1993.
14. . .,2006..269.
15. . ..16.

169

(1889-1947)
-

( , )
,
., ,,1.

.-,
(1939-1944).-.
,, 30
1889..,-(.,,
,),.(1895-1900),-
(1900-1907)(1907-1908),-
(1908-1912),
.1914.

(1914-1915)(1915-1916).
,
. 1916.
,()
(1916-1931),(19171919),(1931-1943)(1932-1936).(1919-1926),
(1926-1930),-(1930-1931),-(1931-1939)-,(1922-1927).-

170

2007, 3 (9)

(1921),
(1930),(1939),(1940)2.
20-..
,,,
: ( ..)
(1924-1928),
(1924-1944),(
)OperisPontificilaPropugationeFidei
(,1928-1944)PiaUnioCleri
proMissionibus(,1938-1944),(1928-1941),
(1931-1933),(19331938),(1928-1932),(1932-1942),(1934-1937)3.
20-30- . ( ..) - , ,
4 -(1924-1932),5.
,,
6.
,,..,,.
: .
?,,1939.
, , , ,
,7.
,
..
(,
1919.
8).,,

171

,., :1924-1932.
,
9; 1931 . . ,
, 10, .
.(1939.) , . 11.
1934..12,
.
1933-1938.,
, . ,
13,

.(.,
. , . .),
.
,-,
.
.14.
()
,..,,, .
, . .

1937 . - .
,
15.,

,-

172

2007, 3 (9)

, ,

21938.,,
, . .,,
16.
,

. .
: (1939)(1939),
17,,.
,
18.,
(1940-1941),
(1941-1944) ,
..(.1939),.(.1941),-(.1940)19,
(1939-1941),
(1941-1944),(1938-1943)20.
1938.,
-. - ,1938., (

, , , ( ) . ..).,,,
,:-

173

,,..
.
( -
),gensfidelissima
(),,
,, ,

21 .
.
.

,
,, :;,,,,,,,
-.
22.
. ,1943.
,,
, - .
(.,.,.-.),,
(.,.,..)23.
.

-,, (. , . ,
..),;,
-24.

174

2007, 3 (9)

1940.,
,
.1941.
,
40-.,
25.
,
,26.
,,1942.
27.
-,.

,,. 1942 ., ,

,
.
,gensfidelissima
,,
, ,,,
, 28.
,.
,,,-

175

40- . 29 ,
.-30.

,31.
, ,
,
-.
,.
,
,
32 .
- ,33.,
,.,
,

20-30-..,,
34.

,
.-
35.
,.

()(),
, gens
fidelissima,,,,(
),,-

2007, 3 (9)

176

,,
()
,. ,
,
.
1944.,
.
,. ,
,,81945.36. .
,
,
37.101946.57-, , ,

. ,
1947 . ( . .
..).1990.38.
-,,,
.

1. .:
.. :1988-1993:-.,2002.148.; .., ..
:-.,2000.160.

177

2...: .50-//.XV.1-2.-1938..2-7;
..[ .].50-.//1939/..,1938..50-53;..-//.,1939..57-59;
//..1942..121-123;Ecclesasticus
[ .]. //-1944
/...49-52; ., .-,
.,1999..101-106.
3.-..: . .
..3-6;PiaUnioCleriproMissionibus//.XV.1-2.-1938..33-35; .
//.9-10.-1938..196-199.
4..,,,
: ..,.
-,1997....78.
5. .,(1939-1944)//.
V-VII(XIX-XXI).,2003..47; .
(1919-1939).,2006..193-198.
6. .
30-.,:
.-1927-1938//-Rusin.2006.3-4..31.
7. ., . ...102; . ...47.
8. . :.
.,1981..246.
9. .--//Carpatica-.21.:,,.,2003..240.
10.,.
: .. :-.,1998..29.
11.(
)/:.,..,
1961..138-140.
12.:[]//1935/..,1934..46.
13..: ., .,
. .,1998.130.; .
//Carpatica-.19.
.,2002..63-71.

178

2007, 3 (9)

14...1935.,.
.
,: . ...48.
15. .....30; . ...48.
16. . ...48.
17. . -(19391944)//.3.,1994..119;..
-..57.
18. .......193.
19..: ., ....103;1941-42
//...1941-1942/..:. . , ., . .
,1942..10; .
(1939-1944)..,1997..167-169,176-181.
20./:.,..
,1943..23,42,45.
21. . -//
1939/..,1938..40-42.
,
..
22. .//1940/
...,1939..40;.
//1940-/...,
1939..24.
23. .
.,1943..7-8.
24. .(19391944)..60-63.
25..: . (1941-1944)//.2.,1994..61-66; .
.1941-1944.,2002.172.
26.26-
1941//Hajnal..1941..1-2..8.
27.,26-1941
//..180;,
25-1941.
//..186;..123.
28.:..[.]//..IV..5.1943..123.
29.
.: ., .

179

.//(19381944)/.:
.,..-,1999..106-113; .(1939-1944)..65-67.
30..(..,//.X.271941..3...
31.,.,(.),(.,.)
,(.): .
.,2001..129; ., ....113; ..1939-1944.,1957..32.
32. .
1942/.:.,..,1941.
.26-34...
,.
33.-.:Ruszinokesmagyarok(1939),Magyaresruszin
kulturaliskapesolatok(1940),Amagyarorszagirutenek(1940)..: .
(1939-1944)..126-127.
34.:-...//1939..90-92,(..,.),,
.: .. :(1848-1948).,1994..270;
.(1939-1944)..127,198.
...,,1938-1944.
....
35.1939..,
,: . (19391941.)//(19381944)/.:.,..-,1999..54.
36. . .
,.//.1998.1-2..32.
37. ., ....104.
38....
./..:.,.,..
,2003..349.

180

2007, 3 (9)



,
,.,,,.,(
) .
.,-
,
.-

.
,
,
,
,-.

- , .
,(),.,,,,
,,.

,,XIX.(,), , . () (

181

).
XIX.,-.
,
,.
, , .- (
)
XIX!
1848.
.
1848.i,-
-.
,- 1939 .,
,.

,
.

-
iii,

.
,
,- .
50-60- . XIX .
-,. i,
-().
70-.()-

182

2007, 3 (9)

i.,
.
, - ,?(),70-.XIX.
,(
,,).-
., ()().
,, .
-.
, ,
- ,
,--(,,
,.,.,.,.)XVII-XVIII., - ,
.
,.
,.,
-(). () - :, , .,
, , (u) ; ,
,(,).
-i ,
-i,XX.-i.
,,i,
-

183

.-.
1. (1814-1888)(,,1861,76):

,
:
,,
!

.
i,
i,
,

2. (1803-1865)i:
,,
,
,
.
,,
,
,,

ii,
i,
i,

-XIX ,.
,
- -

184

2007, 3 (9)

.-, .
, - .
,,-
(-).,20-30-.,
-,..-(!)1939-1940.,
, ,

(),1919.,-,.,
, .
,,
(,
), --. ,
,
., !
1945.
(),,,,.
(),() () .,

185

(
) , . ,
.,.,.XIX!
,,,
. , XX . ,
.
,,
,
?
,,
!,,
,
(-).,

. ,
,,

,
, ()(1945.)

" ":
www.zlev.ru

186

2007, 3 (9)

(,).1930. . - ..,, , ,
,.:
()(1991),
(1994), .-
(1999). : -- (2001), (2001) . i
i (, 2005).
.
(-,).P1965..
. a (1984-1989;(1996)),
(2005).1990.,a
-(M.L.S,1999).
- .
-.
,,
.
(). 1929 .
() . ,
,,.
,,,.
.
.
.
(). 1938 . ,,
,,(1999),
(2003),
.400,14
,..,
, 20
. .
(,).1981.
2003 . ().20032005. .- .
2003. ( ). 2005 .

187
.90,-
,3:()(,2004,2005),
(, 2005),
(, 2006).
.
().1947.

.1977.,
1970 . ,
, (2003).
(1998),
(2001),(2005).200,--,,,.
(). 1980 . -,
.
. .VI,VII
VIII,IX . .
().1947.1971.
,
. 1999 .
, . 80
,
().
().1962.-,...2004..
().1946. . 1978 .
...,1990. ( ). 1997 .
,.,.2003.
.
().1976.().2002."".2003.

188

2007, 3 (9)
, . 30
, XIX ., .
().1983.
(2006),.-.

(). 1965 . ,
..,. - (1984) ...(1991).,
(1986-1991),(1991-2003), . . 2000 . -
.150200
- .
().1978., . , . 50
,
?,
. : ,
,,-, .
.
().1979..
XVIXVIII.,
XIX
XX .
,,
.
(, ).1959.
. , , .,
. ( 2000 .),
, , ,. 100,..
,.V,VII,VIII,IX . .

189
().1964.,,. .. .
(19871991), 1989 .
. 1991 .
.
, (1992). 1999.
,.
.
(, ). 1941 . . .
1999.2000-2002.-
.. -- (, 2001), ii (,2001), ,(.),Ii
(,2005). .
(). 1940 . () . 1972 .
()
(). 1981 .
-..
- (19951997), (2002). .
(). 1958 . .,
- . 100
- .
().
.
. (,).1955.
1981..1991..1992. . . . 1996 . . 1996 .-
.
..,
, . . . .

190

2007, 3 (9)
(). 1957 .
, , ,. - ,
-http://rusnak.netfirms.com. .
().1939. - (1961),(1972),(1992).
15,200,,.

().1963.
. . 1990 . ( 1998 . ).14.
( 2007 .- ).:
. . -
(2007.).. , . .
().1948..
1979 .
. ,.. . 100 .
.
. ().
1960 . 1985 . ,
1993 .- . 1993 . . (2001),
-(2005),. , -
.. .
(). 1948 .
,XIX-
XX.30,
18-,..
.

191
(,).1937 . 1959 . ,, , .
(1977)..1981.-.
.
.
(). 1949 . -(1990-1999).(1990-1998)..160, , , . .

2008

C2008

-31808.
.

(. 27-02-84)

2007, 3 (9)

.
2007.-192.

MD2001,,.,
..,24/1.
.:(37322)27-02-84,27-44-30,:27-15-15.
E-mail:info@rusyn.md,sergei_suleak@rambler.ru
: http://www.rusyn.md
.
MD2001,,.,
..,24/1.
E-mail:tatianas@molddata.md
31.03.2008.60841/16.
1.
.
TimesNewRoman.
300.
97.
:
.,.,111.

...
.
...
..
...

,
.
!
,
, ,
.
- ?
?
! ,
,
,
?
, ,
!
,
,
, ,
.

,
,
.
,
.
,
.
:
,
, ,
!


, 1999 .
: . 1 (696).
2008 . Holy Triniti Monastery/ Jordanville.