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, , 2014
, 2014

BULLETIN

SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL

of Peoples Friendship
University
of Russia

Founded in 1993

Series
RUSSIAN AND FOREIGN LANGUAGES.
METHODS OF ITS TEACHING

2014, N 1
Series founded in 2003
Peoples Friendship University of Russia

CONTENTS
RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE:
TRADITIONS AND MODERN RESEARCH
Khavronina S.A. From the History of the Text-Book Russian in Exercises (How the
Book Appeared) ...............................................................................................................

Velichko A.V. Good Life Books .......................................................................................

10

Rumjanseva N.M. Russian in Exercises as one of the main Text-Books for Organizing
Foreign Students Individual Activity ...............................................................................
Dobrovolskaya V.V. Russian in Exercises on Advanced Level of Teaching Russian .....

14
19

Stepanenko V.A., Nahabina M.M., Kurlova I.V. A Modern Russian Textbook for Fo-

reigners ............................................................................................................................

22

Constantinova L.A., Zubareva Y.M. An Electronic Textbook as a New Type of a Modern


Textbook ..........................................................................................................................

27

Khromov S.S. Classic Paper Russian Text-books for Foreign Students electronic textbooks smart text-books ................................................................................................

31

Rostova E.G. Dialogue of Cultures as Teaching Material at Beginner Level of Teaching


Russian as a Foreign Language: Traditions and Modern Decisions ....................................

37

, , 2014, 1
Loginova I.M. On the Continuity of Grammatical and Phonetic Aspects in Teaching Rus-

sian as a Foreign Language ..............................................................................................


Roshchektaeva T.G. The Study of Toponyms in Russian Language Course for Beginners
on the Material of the Studybook Russian in Exercises by S.A. Khavronina and A.I. Shirochenskaya .....................................................................................................................

41

49

Keyko A.S. Specialty Text as the Object of Teaching Foreign Students (Pre-university

Stage) ..............................................................................................................................
Kryuchkova L.S. Preposition and Case System of the Russian Language: Interaction of
Form, Semantics, Function ..............................................................................................
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF LEARNING RUSSIAN
AND METHODS OF ITS TEACHING
Mlechko T.P. Communicative Practice of the Russian Linguistic Personality in the Near
Abroad Area: Standard and Usage ....................................................................................

54
59

64

Ershov V.I., Nelyubova N.Yu., Semyonov A.L. Applicative Linguistic Knowledge and

Translation ......................................................................................................................

72

FOREIGN LANGUAGES:
LINGUISTIC STUDIES, METHODS OF TEACHING
Kupriyanova M.Y. To the Problem of Developing Students Translation Skills ...............
Kurguzenkova Zh.V., Krivoshlykova L.V. Pecularities of Perception of White Colour by
Representatives of the English and French National Cultures (Illustrated by Phraseology) .......

78

OUR AUTHORS ...........................................................................................................

88

83

Peoples Friendship University of Russia, Publishing House, 2014


Bulletin of Peoples Friendship University of Russia, 2014



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FROM THE HISTORY OF THE TEXTBOOK


RUSSIAN IN EXERCISES
(How the Book Appeared)
S.A. Khavronina
The Chair of the Russian Language and Methods of Its Teaching
Peoples Friendship University of Russia
Miklukho-Maklaya str., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117198
The article tells the story of the text-book Russian in Exercise creating, its methodical features
and its importance in teaching Russian to foreigners.
Key words: beginner level, practical grammar, the system of exercises, methodical theory, a language-oriented text-book.


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GOOD LIFE BOOKS


A.V. Velichko
The Chair of the Russian Language
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Leninskiye Gory, Moscow, Russia, 119992
The article is focused on the specific features of the book Russian in exercises, which determined its important role in teaching Russian as a foreign language for 50 years.
Key words: popularity of the book, communication, cognitive principles.




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[1] .., .. . .: .
, 2012. [Xavronina S.A., Shirochenskaya A.I. Russkij yazyk v uprazhneniyax. M.:
Russkij yazyk. Kursy, 2012.]
[2] .. : . . ... - . . ., 1974. [Pidkasistyj P.I. Process i struktura
samostoyatelnoj deyatelnosti uchashhegosya v obuchenii: Avtoref. diss. ... d-ra ped. nauk.
M., 1974.]
[3] .., ..
. .: , 1981. [Usova A.V., Vologodskaya Z.A. Samostoyatelnaya rabota
uchashhixsya po fizike v srednej shkole. M.: Prosveshhenie, 1981.]
[4] .. . .: , 1961. [Esipov B.P. Samostoyatelnaya
rabota uchashhixsya na urokax. M.: Gosudarstvennaya uchebno-pedagogicheskoe izdanie
ministerstva prosveshheniya, 1961.]
[5] .. , , . .: , 1967. [Leontev A.A. Yazyk,
rech, rechevaya deyatelnost. M.: Nauka, 1967.]
[6] .. - // . 1985. 5. [Zimnyaya I.A. Lichnostno-deyatelnostnyj
podxod v obuchenii russkomu yazyku kak inostrannomu // Russkij yazyk za rubezhom.
1985. 5.]
[7] - .. : .
. ... - . . ., 2006. [Rudenko-Morgun O.I. Principy modelirovaniya i realizacii elektronnogo uchebno-metodicheskogo kompleksa po russkomu yazyku na baze texnologij multimedia: Avtoref. diss. ... d-ra ped. nauk. M., 2006.]
[8] .. : . . ... - . . ., 2009. [Garcov A.D. Elektronnaya lingvodidaktika v sisteme innovacionnogo yazykovogo obrazovaniya: Avtoref. diss. ... d-ra ped.
nauk. M., 2009.]

RUSSIAN IN EXERCISES
AS ONE OF THE MAIN TEXT BOOKS FOR ORGANIZING
FOREIGN STUDENTS INDIVIDUAL ACTIVITY
N.M. Rumjanseva
The Chair of the Russian Language 3
Faculty of the Russian language and general disciplines
Peoples Friendship University of Russia
Mikluho-Maklaya str., 10, Moscow, Russia, 117198
The article analyzes the problem of the organizing foreign students individual activity in learning
Russian as an opportunity to increase the quality of their education. The text-book Russian in exercises plays a very important role in the process.
Key words: a text-book, the Russian language, individual activity, foreign students, optimization,
learning process.

18



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RUSSIAN IN EXERCISES
ON ADVANCED LEVEL OF TEACHING RUSSIAN
V.V. Dobrovolskaya
The Chair of the Russian Language
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Leninskiye Gory, Moscow, Russia, 119992
The article describes possibilities of using the book Russian in exercises on advanced level of
teaching Russian. The book can be used as a revision book, for methodological analyses and as lexical
and grammatical base for compiling text-books.
Key words: usage area of the book, revisional self-study, sample book for grammar analyses,
grammar reference book.



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Aktivnye processy v sovremennom russkom yazyke. M., 2003.]

A MODERN RUSSIAN TEXTBOOK


FOR FOREIGNERS
V.A. Stepanenko, M.M. Nahabina,
I.V. Kurlova
The Chair of the Russian Language
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Leninskiye Gory, Moscow, Russia, 119992
This article focuses on the principles of a modern Russian textbook for foreigners and on reflecting the changes in a modern Russian language in the textbook.
Key words: a modern Russian textbook, types of speech activity, natural communication.

26



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[1] URL: http://www.wikiznanie.ru


[2] ..
: . 2001. [Nizovaya I.Yu. Teoriya i praktika sozdaniya elektronnogo
uchebnika po russkomu yazyku kak inostrannomu: Avtoref. 2001.]
[3] .. . ., 1999. [Polat E.S. Novye pedagogicheskie texnologii. M., 1999.]

AN ELECTRONIC TEXTBOOK
AS A NEW TYPE OF A MODERN TEXTBOOK
L.A. Constantinova, Y.M. Zubareva
The Chair of the Russian Language
The Centre of University Preparatory Courses for Foreign Citizens
The Institute of International Education
Tula State University
Lenin Avenue, 92, Tula, Russia, 300600
The major characteristics of an electronic textbook of a new type on Russian as a Foreign Language in its opposition to a paper one; the principles of computer support for teaching Russian as a foreign language are considered.
Key words: new information technologies, an electronic textbook of Russian as a foreign language, modular system, hypertext, kinds of speech activity, data bases.

30



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[1] SMART : / . .. , .. . .: , 2012. [Rossiya na puti k SMART obshhestvu: Monografiya / Pod red. N.V. Tixomirovoj, V.P. Tixomirova. M.: Centr razvitiya sovremennyx obrazovatelnyx texnologij, 2012.]
[2] .. // . 2012. 2 (28). . 149152.
[Xromov S.S. Russkij yazyk kak nerodnoj v informacionnom obrazovatelnom prostranstve sovremennoj Rossii // Filologiya i kultura. Philology and culture. 2012. 2 (28).
S. 149152.]
[3] .., .. E-learning
: ( ) //
. III . 1013 2012 . .: ,
2012. . 548552. [Xromov S.S., Zvereva E.N. E-learning kak kachestvenno novaya obrazovatelnaya paradigma v prepodavanii russkogo yazyka: prepodavatel kontent student
(na primere virtualnogo kampusa MESI) // Dinamika yazykovyx i kulturnyx processov v sovremennoj Rossii. Materialy Sh Kongressa ROPRYaL. 1013 oktyabrya 2012 g. SPb.:
MIRS, 2012. S. 548552.]

35

, , 2014, 1

CLASSIC PAPER RUSSIAN TEXTJBOOKS


FOR FOREIGN STUDENTS ELECTRONIC TEXTJBOOKS
SMART TEXTJBOOKS
S.S. Khromov
The Chair of Linguistics and Cross-Cultural Communication
Moscow State University of Economics,
Statistics and Informatics (MESI)
Nezhinskaya str., 7, Moscow, Russia, 119501
The author considers three periods in creating Russian tetbooks for foreign students: a classic
paper, an electronic and a smart textbook. The author describes their specific features. The author
presents his own concept of smart Russian textbooks for foreign students and their place and functions
in education.
Key words: Russian textbook for foreign students, classic textbook, electronic textbook, smart
textbook, smart technologies, smart education, Russian for foreign students.


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[1] .., .
// XXVII . 21 2013 .: . .
. .: . . .. , 2013. [Rostova E.G., Vapenxans X. Teksty
dialoga kultur Rossiya Germaniya v processe obucheniya i obrazovaniya // XXVII Pushkinskie chteniya. 21 oktyabrya 2013 g.: Sbornik nauchnyx dokladov. M.: Gos. IRYa im.
A.S. Pushkina, 2013.]
[2] .., .. . .: .
, 2012. [Xavronina S.A., Shirochenskaya A.I. Russkij yazyk v uprazhneniyax. M.,
Russkij yazyk. Kursy, 2012.]
[3] .. . .: ,
2005. [Mironov V.V. Filosofiya i metamorfozy kultury. M.: Sovremennye tetradi, 2005.]

DIALOGUE OF CULTURES AS TEACHING MATERIAL


AT BEGINNER LEVEL OF TEACHING RUSSIAN
AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE:
TRADITIONS AND MODERN DECISIONS
E.G. Rostova
Pushkin State Russian Language Institute
Ac. Volgin str., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117485
The article is devoted to the problem of dialogue of cultures as teaching material at the beginner
level of teaching Russian as a foreign language (levels 1/2). The texts subjects, examples of texts
and tasks are offered.
Key words: dialogue of cultures, levels 1/2.

40




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47

, , 2014, 1

ON THE CONTINUITY OF GRAMMATICAL


AND PHONETIC ASPECTS IN TEACHING RUSSIAN
AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE
I.M. Loginova
The Chair of the Russian Language and Methods of its Teaching
Peoples Friendship University of Russia
Miklukho-Maklaya str., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117198
The article proves the necessity of using intonation transcription in textbooks on grammar, reading
and speaking at the beginner level.
Key words: aspects of teaching Russian as a foreign language, continuity, relationship between
teaching phonetics and grammar at beginner level.



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[1] .., .. . ., 2012. [Xavronina S.A., Shirochenskaya. A.I. Russkij yazyk v uprazhneniyax. M., 2012.]
[2] . 10
50 5000 . ., 2003. [Sistema leksicheskix minimumov
sovremennogo russkogo yazyka. 10 leksicheskix spiskov ot 50 do 5000 samyx vazhnyx russkix
slov. M., 2003.]
[3] .
. . ., 2001. [Programma po russkomu yazyku dlya inostrannyx
grazhdan. Pervyj sertifikacionnyj uroven. Obshhee vladenie. SPb., 2001.]
[4] ( ). ., 1992. [Programma
bazovogo kursa russkogo yazyka (dlya uchashhixsya). M., 1992.]

52

.. ...

THE STUDY OF TOPONYMS IN RUSSIAN LANGUAGE COURSE


FOR BEGINNERS ON THE MATERIAL OF THE STUDYBOOK
RUSSIAN IN EXERCISES BY S.A. KHAVRONINA
AND A.I. SHIROCHENSKAYA
T.G. Roshchektaeva
The Chair of the Russian Language for foreing students
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Leninskiye Gory, Moscow, Russia, 119992
The article presents the problems of studying toponyms in the course of the Russian language for
beginners. The author pays attention to the role of the study book Russian in Exercises by S.A. Khavronina and A.I. Shirochenskaya in the study of toponyms. The study book helps to learn noun and adjective
cases forms, which provides the development of foreign atudents communicative skills.
Key words: a toponym, case forms, motion verbs, communicative skills.



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[1] ..
I . URL: http://ruslang.edu.ru [Ivanova A.S. Rol i mesto
pragmaticheskogo podxoda pri obuchenii yazyku specialnosti na I Sertifikacionnom urovne.
URL: http://ruslang.edu.ru.]
[2] .. . .: , 1971. [Motina E.I.
Russkij yazyk i specialnost. M.: Russkij yazyk, 1971.]
[3] .. :
-. .: , 1983. [Motina E.I. Yazyk i specialnost:
lingvometodicheskie osnovy obucheniya russkomu yazyku studentov-nefilologov. M.: Russkij
yazyk, 1983.]
[4] .. : . -
. .: , 2010.
[Xavronina S.A. O prepodavanii grammatiki na nachalnom etape: Sb. statej vserossijskoj
nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii Tradicii i novacii obrazovatelnyx texnologij predvuzovskogo obucheniya inostrannyx studentov. M.: RUDN, 2010.]

57

, , 2014, 1

SPECIALTY TEXT AS THE OBJECT


OF TEACHING FOREIGN STUDENTS
(preuniversity stage)
A.S. Keyko
The Chair of the Russian Language 3
Peoples Friendship University of Russia
Miklukho-Maklaya str., 10/3, Moscow, Russia, 117198
This article is devoted to the problem of teaching language of specialty to foreign students using
educational texts.
Key words: language of specialty, professional competence, future specialists, texts for special
purposes, linguistic competence.


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[1] .. . ., 1927. [Vernadskij V.I. Mysli o sovremennom znachenii istorii znanij. L., 1927.]
[2] .. . .: , 1972. [Vinogradov V.V. Russkij
yazyk. M.: Vysshaya shkola, 1972.]
[3] .. :
. ., 1996. [Mechkovskaya N.B. Socialnaya lingvistika: Posobie dlya
studentov gumanitarnyx vuzov i uchashhixsya liceev. M., 1996.]
[4] .. : . .: , 2004. [Kryuchkova L.S. Russkij yazyk kak inostrannyj: sintaksis
prostogo i slozhnogo predlozheniya. M.: Vlados, 2004.]
[5] .. // .
2005. 5. [Paducheva E.V. Eshhyo raz o genitive subekta pri otricanii // Voprosy yazykoznaniya. 2005. 5.]

62

.. - : ...

PREPOSITION AND CASE SYSTEM


OF THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE:
INTERACTION OF FORM, SEMANTICS, FUNCTION
L.S. Kryuchkova
The Chair of Russian as a foreign language
Moscow Pedagogical State University
Malaya Pirogovskaya str., 1/1, Moscow, Russia, 119991
This article describes some of the features of the Russian preposition and case system from the
aspect of interaction of its forms, semantics, and functioning. The presented approach allows to better
develop linguistic competence.
Key words: preposition and case system; form, semantics, function; subject, predicate, object.



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(4) . // . 2009. 25145. 1 . 46 967 .

69

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[1] .. ? // : . -. .
.: . , 2001. . 297. [Belikov V.I. Skolko norm v russkom yazyke? // Russkij yazyk:
istoricheskie sudby i sovremennost. Mezhdunarodnyj kongress rusistov-issledovatelej. Trudy
i materialy. M.: Izd. MGU, 2001. S. 297.]
[2] .. . // :
. II . ,
, 1821 2004 . . .: . , 2004. . 181
182. [Belikov V.I. Zadachi socialnoj leksikografii. // Russkij yazyk: istoricheskie sudby i sovremennost. II Mezhdunarodnyj kongress issledovatelej russkogo yazyka. Moskva, MGU, 18
21 yanvarya 2004 goda. Trudy i materialy. M.: Izd. MGU, 2004. S. 181182.]
[3] .. . . ., 2001.
. 1415. [Verbickaya L.A. Davajte govorit pravilno. Posobie po russkomu yazyku. M.,
2001. S. 1415.]
[4] .. Simpozij Obdobja 20: Slovenski knjini jezik aktualna vpraanja in zgodovinske izkunje. Ljubljana, 2003. . 105. [Zemskaya E.A. Simpozij Obdobja 20: Slovenski
knjini jezik aktualna vpraanja in zgodovinske izkunje. Ljubljana, 2003. S. 105.]
[5] .. //
: : I .
.: , 2001. . 303. [Issers O.S. Tipy kommunikativnyx norm i determiniruyushhie ix
faktory // Russkij yazyk: istoricheskie sudby i sovremennost: Materialy I Mezhdunarodnogo
kongressa. M.: MGU, 2001. S. 303.]
[6] . , // . . 3. .,
1963. . 143343. [Koseriu E. Sinxroniya, diaxroniya i istoriya // Novoe v lingvistike.
Vyp. 3. M., 1963. S. 143343.]
[7] .. , //
. . ., 2000. .160. [Krysin L.P. Problema
sootnosheniya yazykovoj sistemy, normy i uzusa // Sovremennyj russkij yazyk. Sistema
norma uzus. M., 2000. S. 160.]
[8] .. //
. 2007. 2 (14). . 517. [Krysin L.P. Russkaya literaturnaya
norma i sovremennaya rechevaya praktika // Russkij yazyk v nauchnom osveshhenii. 2007.
2 (14). S. 517.]
[9] .. // : .
. : ,
2010. . 511. [Krysin L.P. Regiolekt sredi drugix form sushhestvovaniya sovremennogo
russkogo nacionalnogo yazyka // Problemy regionalnoj lingvistiki: Sb. materialov Mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii. Blagoveshhensk: Amurskij gosudarstvennyj universitet,
2010. S. 511.]
[10] : , . , 1921 2010 . [Razvitie i variativnost yazyka v sovremennom mire: Mezhdunarodnyj seminar, Tartuskij universitet. Estoniya, 1921 noyabrya
2010 g.]
[11] .. . .: , 1970. . 556557.
[Serebrennikov B.A. Obshhee yazykoznanie. M.: Nauka, 1970. S. 556557.]

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[12] .. //
Kalbotira. . 1989. 40(2). .7583. [Sinochkina B.M. O nekotoryx
regionalnyx osobennostyax russkogo yazyka v Litve // Kalbotira. Yazykoznanie. 1989.
40(2). S. 7583.]
[13] .. // Kalbotira. . . 1990.
4(20). . 1724. [Sinochkina B.M. Litovskaya toponimika i grammaticheskie normy
russkogo yazyka // Kalbotira. Yazykoznanie. Nauchnye trudy vysshix uchebnyx zavedenij
Litvy. 1990. 4(20). S. 1724.]
[14] .. // Slavica Helsingiensia 24: / . . . . , 2004. . 183. [Shajbakova D.D. Funkcii i sostoyanie russkogo
yazyka v Kazaxstane // Slavica Helsingiensia 24: Russkij chelovek v inoyazychnom okruzhenii / Pod red. A. Mustajoki i E. Protasovoj. Xelsinki, 2004. S. 183.]

COMMUNICATIVE PRACTICE
OF THE RUSSIAN LINGUISTIC PERSONALITY
IN THE NEAR ABROAD AREA:
STANDARD AND USAGE
T.P. Mlechko
The Chair of Slavonic Philology
Slavonic University of Moldova
Florilor str., 28/1, MDA-2075
The article examines the problem of scientific interpretation of the geographically labelled facts
of the linguistic reality, which are not codified in modern Russian literary language but are used by the
Russian linguistic personality in communicative practice. The practice is marked with linguistic and
cultural originality of each of the neighboring countries.
Key words: language system, standard, usage, linguistic personality, regional specificity, neighboring countries.


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INTRODUCTION
Physics, major science, dealing with the fundamental constituents of the universe, the
forces they exert on one another, and the results produced by these forces. Sometimes
in modern physics a more sophisticated approach is taken that incorporates elements of
the three areas listed above; it relates to the laws of symmetry and conservation, such as
those pertaining to energy, momentum, charge, and parity.
major ['me] 1. ) ,
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Our department offers a major in literature. .


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APPLICATIVE LINGUISTIC KNOWLEDGE


AND TRANSLATION
V.I. Ershov1, N.Yu. Nelyubova2,
A.L. Semyonov3
1

Military Department at MGIMO University


prospekt Vernadskogo, 6, Moscow, Russia, 119454
2,3

The Chair of Foreign Languages


Peoples Friendship University of Russia
Miklukho-Maklaya str., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117198
The article defines the notion applicative linguistic knowledge and shows the main objectives
of teaching foreign languages. Basing on the examples of verbal communication in different subject
areas, the authors propose methods of teaching analysis of information and synthesis of a descriptive
and instructive text.
Key words: applicative language knowledge, text, analytical and synthetic process, translation.

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, , 2014, 1

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Facilities of the residential halls


The House Administrator of a residential hall manages all the facilities. He is
responsible for lending furniture and
housekeeping items, kitchen utensils and
maintenance accessories, providing the
necessary repairs, and is in charge of the
work of the reading halls and halls for
individual studies.

. ,
, .

. , facilities.
Merriam-Webster, facility- (1 a [count]: something
(such as a building or large piece of equipment) that is built for a specific purpose
(-, , , ) [6].
. houses residential houses, dormitories [7]. residential halls [8].

, : House Master, Resident Dean, Tutor, House Administrator Building Manager [9]. .

House Administrator. , :
The House Administrator supports the House Masters by overseeing all aspects of the
House lottery and room assignment process, managing the House finances and planning
events for the House community [9].
lend furniture and housekeeping items, kitchen utensils and maintenance accessories.
,
.
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, , 2014, 1

/ facilities, e / the residential hall, / House Administrator, / lending furniture and


housekeeping items ..
, - , . - .

[1] .. : . . .: ,
2011. [Alekseeva I.S. Professionalnyj trening perevodchika: Ucheb. posobie. SPb.: Soyuz,
2011.]
[2] .. . .:
- , 1998. [Breus E.V. Osnovy teorii i praktiki perevoda s russkogo yazyka na anglijskij. M.: Izd-vo URAO, 1998.]
[3] .. // // . 2008. URL:
http://tc.utmn.ru/node/76. [Kunilovskaya M.A. Ponyatiya i vidy perevodcheskix oshibok // Ponyatie i vidy perevodcheskix oshibok // Kafedra perevoda i perevodovedeniya TyumGU.
2008. URL: http://tc.utmn.ru/node/76.]
[4] . .: , 2012. [Spravochnik obrazovatelnyx uslug RUDN. M.: RUDN, 2012.]
[5] URL: http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2008/03/malkin-athletic-center-to-upgrade-exerciseequipment/
[6] Merriam-Webster On-line Dictionary and Thesaurus. URL: http://www.learnersdictionary.com/
definition/facility
[7] URL: http://www.harvard.edu/campus
[8] URL: http://www.study.cam.ac.uk/undergraduate/life/accommodation.html
[9] URL: http://osl.fas.harvard.edu/icb/icb.do?keyword=k65178&pageid=icb.page296399

TO THE PROBLEM OF DEVELOPING


STUDENTS TRANSLATION SKILLS
M.Y. Kupriyanova
The Chair of Foreign Languages
Philological Faculty
Peoples Friendship University of Russia
Miklukho-Maklaya str., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117198
The article examines typical mistakes that students make while translating texts with reference information. Exercises for developing translation skills are offered. The ways of overcoming difficulties
in Russian- English translations are reviewed.
Key words: vocabulary of different thematic groups, loan translation, translation exercises, thesaurus, translation skills.

82




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white
(white the colour of milk or snow [12], white the colour
of fresh snow or milk [13]).
: ( white wine / vin blanc; white meat / blanc (m)).
, blanc ,
white, : linge blanc ; mettre une chemise blanche ; assiette blanche
; page blanche . white
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, , : carte blanche - / ; vers blancs ; bulletin blanc . blank (): blank cheque, blank verse, blank bulletin.
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nuit blanche .

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[1] .. . .: , 1966. [Gak V.G.


Besedy o francuzskom slove. M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 1966.]
[2] .. : . . .: , 1986.
[Gak V.G. Vvedenie vo francuzskuyu filologiyu: Ucheb. posobie. M.: Prosveshhenie,
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[Gak V.G., Ganshina K.A. Novyj francuzsko-russkij slovar. M.: Russkij yazyk, 2000.]
[4] .. , ,
// - . : - , 1980. . 5962. [Kroll M.I. K voprosu o perenosnyx znacheniyax slov, oboznachayushhix zelenyj cvet, vo francuzskom i russkom yazykax // Sopostavitelno-semanticheskie issledovaniya russkogo yazyka. Voronezh: Izd-vo VGU,
1980. S. 5962.]
[5] .. ( ) // . -

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[8]
[9]
[10]
[11]
[12]
[13]

. 2014. 1 ( ). [Kurguzenkova Zh.V. Lingvocvetovaya kartina mira predstavitelej francuzskoj i russkoj nacionalnyx kultur (na primere frazeologii) // Vestnik RUDN.
Seriya Lingvistika. 2014. 1 (v pechati).]
.. . .: -
, 2000. [Nazaryan A.G. Slovar ustojchivyx sravnenij francuzskogo yazyka. M.: Izd-vo
RUDN, 2000.]
Ayto J. Oxford Dictionary of English Idioms. Oxford, 2010.
Cazelles N. Les comparaisons du franais. Paris: Editions Belin, 1996. P. 4952.
Carr-Gomm S. Dictionary of Symbols in Art. London, 1995
Duneton C. Le Bouquet des Expressions Images. Paris, 1990.
Rey A. Dictionnaire des Expressions et Locutions Figures. Paris, 2002.
Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners. Oxford, 2003.
Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary. Oxford, 2011.

PECULARITIES OF PERCEPTION OF WHITE COLOUR


BY REPRESENTATIVES OF THE ENGLISH
AND FRENCH NATIONAL CULTURES
(illustrated by phraseology)
Zh.V. Kurguzenkova, L.V. Krivoshlykova
Department of Foreign Languages
Institute of Professional Development and Retraining
Peoples Friendship University of Russia
Miklukho-Maklaya str., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117198
On the basis of linguo-cultural analysis of the English and French phraseology the spectrum of
cultural connotations of concept white colour is defined.
Key words: cultural worldview, linguo-cultural analysis, phraseology, concept white colour,
English, French.


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24.12.2014. 6084/8.
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BULLETIN
of Peoples Friendship
University of Russia
Scientific journal

Series
RUSSIAN AND FOREIGN LANGUAGES.
METHODS OF ITS TEACHING

2014, N 1

Managing editor T.O. Sergeeva


Editor I.V. Uspenskaya
Computer design E.P. Dovgolevskaya
Address of the editorial board:
Peoples Friendship University of Russia
Ordzhonikidze str., 3, Moscow, Russia, 115419
Tel. +7 (495) 955-07-16
Address of the editorial board
Series Russian and foreign languages.
Methods of its teaching:
Miklukho-Maklaya str., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117198
Tel. +7 (495) 434-07-45
e-mail: ryamp@yandex.ru
Printing run 500 copies
Address of PFUR publishing house
Ordzhonikidze str., 3, Moscow, Russia, 115419
Tel. +7 (495) 952-04-41