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..

..


UMTS
-
,

-

2011

621.396.93(075.8)
32.8473
32

:

. . .. -, . ..., . .

. . . , ..., . .

.. UMTS: . /
.., .. .: - . -, 2010. 227 .

UMTS
, .

. , . .
-
,
. ,
.


,

- .
- -
.

.., .., 2011


-
, 2011
ISBN


.
1. UMTS .
1.1. UMTS .
1.2. UMTS
1.3. ..
1.4.
1.5. UMTS .
..
2. UMTS
2.1.
2.2. ..
2.3.
2.3.1.
FDD-
2.3.2.
3,84M-TDD .
2.3.3.
1,28M-TDD
2.3.4.
7,68M-TDD
..
3. .
3.1. ..
3.1.1.
3.1.2.

3.1.3.
3.1.4.

3.1.5. ..

5
10
10
17
23
32
40
50
51
51
56
83
88
99
105
110
115
116
118
122
130
131
152
153

3.1.6. ,


3.1.7. ,
.
3.2.
3.3. ..
3.4. ..
3.4.1. ..
3.4.2. .
3.5.
3.6. UMTS
3.6.1.
3.6.2. ..
3.7. UMTS
..

.

155
156
158
162
164
165
172
180
186
193
203
207
220
221
222


(3G),

.
, ,
, , GSM, DAMPS .,
, . ,
-
GSM-
,
,
,

.
, 35
, , , GSM-
( GPRS, EDGE, AMR .) [2, 7] 3G.
. , , -, ( )

, (UMTS Universal Mobile Telecommunications System)
.
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UMTS.

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3GPP (3rd
Generation Partnership Project)
www.3gpp.net.
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, 25 ,
UMTS ( , , , ,
, .).

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1. UMTS
UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunication System) , (ETSI). ,
, ( 3G). UMTS GSM
(
5 , 1,6 ),
(W-CDMA).

, , ,
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,
, .

1.1. UMTS
UMTS :
. , (domain),
(stratum).

(User Equipment Domain) (Infrastructure domain.).
()
,
10

UMTS-. , ,
UMTS, , , GSM-.

, , , ,
(Mobile Equipment Domain) (User Services Identity Module Domain), . () () ,
. , ,
(. 1.1), Cu .

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Cu

Yu
Uu

Iu

Zu

. 1.1. UMTS

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Domain) (Core Network Domain). , ,
. ,
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, , .
12

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(Transit Network Domain).
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UMTS .
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Stratum), ( )
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:
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( ). , .
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. 1.2 .

1.2. UMTS
,
,
17

, .

, , , .
. 1.1 , UMTS, .
1.1
UMTS

( -
)

18

. 1.1,
.
.
. , ( ), . Q.931 1.
.
.
.

, , ,
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,
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, ( UMTS) , . .
.

ITU-T Q.931 ,
.
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(. . ) . ; , , , , [2, 7].
UMTS , ,
. .
A- ,
:

20

A1-, ,
;
A2-,
, ;
A3-, ,
.
B- ,
:
B1-, ;
B2-, .
C- :
C1- ;
C2- ;
C3- ,
;
C4-
;
C5-
;
C6-
;
C7-
;
C8-
;
C9-
;
C10- .
, D-
:
D1- ;
D2- .

21

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22

. .
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1.3.
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, .

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23

..) () [2].
.
(local view),
.
, .
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, ;
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;
,
.
, , , :
, ;
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;
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,
.
(, )
.
, , ,
:
SUBMIT (),

24

,
DELIVER (),
.
, ,
, (REQUESTOR). ,
,
, (ACCEPTOR).

.
, ,
, . (, )
- .
,
,
, (). :
< >::=< >-< >.<
>,

< >::=< >

< >::=< >.< >.


< > , .

25

< >
, (. . ) , ,
CONNECT ().
< > , SUBMIT () DELIVER ().
< > ,
, , REQUESTOR ().
. ,
< >
< >
:
REQUESTOR.SUBMIT REQUEST
();
ACCEPTOR.DELIVER INDICATION
();
ACCEPTOR.SUBMIT RESPONSE
();
REQUESTOR.DELIVER CONFIRM
().
, ,
SUBMIT DELIVER, : REQUEST,
RESPONSE, CONFIRM, INDICATION.
,
, ,
.
, , . .
,
26

. .
, ,
.
, .
, ,
.
. 1.3 , ,
. . , , ,
; , . .

. 1.3.

27

.
, . , , . , , ,
. , ,
, CLIENT SERVER.
, , ,
:
;
;
.
,
, ,
. . ,
.
:
.
:
;
,
;
,
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.
. 1.4 , ,
28

C D, , A, , A, . , A
C D, .

. 1.4.

:

(REQUESTOR.SUBMIT), (ACCEPTOR.SUBMIT);

(REQUESTOR.DELIVER),

(ACCEPTOR.DELIVER);
, , , .
( )
. 1.5, A
29


B.
A

. 1.5.

(
) , ,
.
:
, ,

, ;
, , , ;
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:
;

30


.
, ,
. ,
, , ,
, ,
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.

A
A

-1

t1

-2

B
B

t2 -1
-2
t3

t4

. 1.6.

. 1.6 , () .
A t1 , . t2 31

B . t3
B ,
t4 . A ,
.

1.4.

, .
,
, .

.
Iu.
, ,
,
, , (. . -
) .
, . , . .
1.
.
( ,
.).

; . , .
1

32


,
.
.
.
(, UTRAN
UTRAN GSM) .
, ; , , , .

, . .
Iu.
.

(SAP, Service Access Point). , -
.
,
. ,
(TSAP,
Transport Service Access Point) . ,
(NSAP, Network Service Access
Point),
.

33

UMTS
, . . (
), (
).
, -
.
( ), ( ).
UMTS
,
. , ,
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. : 1 ( , , ); ; .

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34

.
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.
UMTS ,
.
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; , ; (
); .
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; ; .
,
.
,
,
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1. (), . ( ), ()
.
( . contextus ) , ; , ;
. .
1

35

,

, - .
SAPI (Service Access Point
Identifier), SAPI.
,
UMTS, , 7 .
1. , .
, . : ; ,
; , .
, .
: ; ; , . .
- .

, . : ; (
); ,
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2. .
36

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(, ) .
3. , .
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; .
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1

37

4. , .
, . : ; ;
Iu; .
, . :
; ; Iu.
, . :
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; .
6. , .
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38

.
.

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;
.
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. .

Uu

1
Iu

. 1.7.

. : ;
39

( ); ( ); .
.
:
; (,
); ; .
7. , .
.
.
. 1.7
. 1, 2 3
,
.

1.5. UMTS
. 1.8
UMTS (. . 1.1). (Core Network),
(UTRAN, Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network)
(). Iu; Uu.
Uu Iu
, : .
,
, . . .
,
40

: ,
/, , .
: (Communication Management, CM), (Mobility Management, MM),
(Session Management, SM), .

Uu

Iu
Uu

Iu

Uu

Iu

. 1.8. UMTS

, UMTS, , .
, () .
, , ,
.
41

.
.
, . , , ,
( ), ,
.

.
, ,
.

,
Iu-. : (Radio Network Controller, RNC), , - UMTS
B (
), , ,
(Serving Mobile Location Centre, SMLC).
B, Iub-,
(Frequency Division Duplex, FDD),
(Time Division Duplex, TDD) .
: 1,28, 3,84
7,68 /.
.
42

Uu Iu.
.
,
.
, ,
, , ,
.
, , .
, .
,
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.
-
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. 1.2,

43

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.

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) . :
; ; ; ;
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44

(-)
(, ), .
.

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( ) .


.
-

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.
( , ) .
, , .
.

45

.
, , 1.9. , ,
, . ,

.

. 1.9.

:
. ,
, , - .
, . . (Radio
46

Access Network Application Part, RANAP) ,


,
. , , , ,

.

, . .
, , . (Access Link Control Application Part, ALCAP),
,
.
. 1.9,


.

.
.
.
. 1.10 (Random Access Channel, RACH) ,
.

47

. 1.10.

MAC- (Media Access Control)



(), (. . 2).
RACH- MAC- (Dedicated MAC, MAC-d),
MAC- (Common MAC,
MAC-c/sh). MAC-c/sh, , ,
(Interworking Function, IWF),
(. . )
MAC-c/sh, ,
(Protocol Data Unit, PDU).
(PHY)
. , , ,
(RACH Frame Protocol,
RACH FP), (RACH FP PDU). , -

48

,
MAC-c/sh.

MAC- UMTS
,
, -
.

49


1. . ,
UMTS.
2. UMTS ?
?
3. UMTS.
4. ? .
5. ? , .
6. UMTS.
7. ?
8. .
9. UMTS?
10. Iu?

50

2. UMTS
UMTS,
,
.
, , ().

2.1.

, , : ( 1, L1),
( 2, L2) ( 3, L3).
, ,
,
, , , . ,
.
, UMTS,
25.300, :
(Medium Access Control, MAC-);
(Radio Link Control,
RLC-);

51

(Packet
Data Convergence Protocol, PDCP-);
(Broadcast/Multicast Control,
BMC-).

: () RLC-
, ;
PDCP BMC .
,
, .
(Radio Resource Control, RRC-),
.
(Duplication Avoidance, DA), .
, .
(Mobility Management, MM)
(Call Control, CC) .
. 2.1 .
- , , .
MAC- , RLC MAC
.
RLC-
:
;
52

;
() .

. 2.1.

PDCP BMC
. , , ,
. DA
53


(General Control, GC), (Notification, Nt) (Dedicated
Control, DC).
. 2.1 ,
, .
RRC RLC, RRC PDCP, RRC BMC

RRC-
.
RLC- ,
(Automatic Request for Retransmission, ARQ), .
MAC-, ,
: MAC-d, MAC-c/sh/m, MAC-hs/MAC-ehs,
MAC-es/MAC-e, MAC-i/is MAC-m. .
, RRC-
(. . ) , C-SAP (Control Service Access
Point). . 1.3,
. UMTS , .
-, , (),
(): PHY, MAC,
RLC, PDCP, BMS.

54

-, ,
(), . . RRC.
-, ,
() C: CPHY, CMAC, CRLC,
CPDCP, CBMS.

-.
MAC-:
PHY-<Generic name>-<Type>.
RRC-
( , . . ):
CPHY-<Generic name>-<Type>.
MAC RLC:
MAC-<Generic name>-<Type>.
MAC RRC (
):
CMAC-<Generic name>-<Type>.
RLC ,
RLC RRC , RLC PDCP:
RLC-<Generic name>-<Type>.
RLC RRC
RLC- ( ):
CRLC-<Generic name>-<Type>.
Uu-:
UUS-<Generic name>-<Type>.
PDCP :
PDCP-<Generic name>-<Type>.
BMS :
BMC-<Generic name>-<Type>.

55

BMS RRC
BMS- ( ):
CBMC-<Generic name>-<Type>.

2.2.
, MAC-, :
;
MAC-;
.

MAC-.
.


.
,
.
,
, .
.
,
, , ,
.
.
.
.
.
ARQ (HARQ).
.

.
56

MAC- . , .

: ,
, , .
:
(Broadcast Control Channel,
BCCH);
() (Paging Control
Channel, PCCH);
(Dedicated Control Channel,
DCCH);
(Common Control Cannel, CCCH);
(Shared Channel Control Channel, SHCCH);
(Multimedia
Broadcast / Multicast Service point-to-point Control Channel, MCCH);
(Multimedia
Broadcast / Multicast Service point-to-point Scheduling Channel, MSCH).
:
(Dedicated Traffic Channel, DTCH);
(Common Traffic Channel, CTCH);

(Multimedia Broadcast / Multicast Service point-to-point Traffic Channel,
MTCH).
, . 2.1.

57

2.1

1.
2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

58




, BCCH

(

) , PCCH

- , - , DCCH

RRC
, - , CCCH

,
RRC
, -
, SHCCH


TDD-

,
MCCH

) ,


7.


, MSCH


8. , DTCH

2.1

) ,

( )
9.
, CTCH
( , )
( )

10.

, MTCH
,

MAC-, ,
RLC-.
.
59

() .
.
.
.

.
.
.

.

RLC-.
.
.
RLC-
MAC- , RLC-, , MAC-.

: .
:
1) (Random Access Channel, RACH);
2) (Forward Access Channel, FACH);
3) (Broadcast Channel, BCH);
4) () (Paging Channel, PCH);
5) (Downlink Shared Channel, DSCH);
6) (Uplink Shared Channel, USCH);
7) (High Speed
Downlink Shared Channel, HS-DSCH);
8) (Enhanced Dedicated Channel,
E-DCH).

60

. 2.2 .
2.2

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.



, RACH
;
;

.

, FACH
;
(
10 ) ;

.
-

, BCH
;

.

(-
;
) ,

PCH
.
-
TDD-;
, DSCH

;


;
;

;

.

61

2.2

, USCH
TDD-;

;

;
;

;
.

, HS;
DSCH

ARQ
1
(HARQ) ;

,
;

;


.

6.

7.

HARQ ARQ.
,
ARQ, , .
1

62


8.

2.2


-
(
,
) E-DCH (
;
FDD


1,28M-TDD)
;
HARQ;

,
;


.

:
1) (Dedicated Channel, DCH);
2) (Enhanced Dedicated Channel,
E-DCH).
. 2.3
. ,
UMTS
E-DCH,

( 5,8 /, ,
150200%) ,
(. . 2.2 2.3).

63

2.3

1.

2.


-
, DCH

;
(
10 ) ;

;

(
TDD);

.
-
( ,
)
E-DCH
;

;
HARQ;

,
;


.

, 64

. , , , ,
.

MAC- (TB, Transport Block),
.
MAC- (MAC-PDU). (TBS, Transport Block Sets) TB1, TB2, , TBM . HS-DSCH E-DCH,
.
A , ,
, , . . . .
aimj: i ,
m TBm (m = 1, , M), j (j = 1, , A).
(Transmission Time Interval, TTI)
, . . .
10 , (. ). MAC-
TTI .

65

. 2.2.

. 2.2
.

MAC- ( ) ,
: . :
;
;
(,
).
:

66

( FDD-,
TDD-);
, . .
( , , ), , ;
.
, : {320 , 640 }; : {10 , ,
= 1}.

, . .
A = 0, M 0, . M = 0 (. . ), .
,
,
HS-DSCH E-DCH,
.
HS-DSCH : , . :
;
;
.
HS-DSCH
.
:
(2 FDD, 10
3,84M-TDD 7,68M-TDD, 5 1,28-TDD);

67

, 1/3,
24 .

E-DCH. :
;
.
:
(2 10 FDD, 10 3,84-TDD 7,68M-TDD, 5 1,28M-TDD).
:
, 1/3,
24 .
, RLC MAC .
, .
:
CCCH
RACH E-DCH ( FDD 1,28M-TDD);
DCCH
RACH, DCH USCH ( TDD), E-DCH;
DTCH
RACH, DCH USCH ( TDD), E-DCH;
SHCH
RACH ( TDD) USCH (
TDD);

68

BCCH

BCH

PCCH

PCH

DCCH

CCCH

RACH

SHCH MCCH

FACH

DSCH

MSCH DTCH CTCH

MTCH

USCH HS-DSCH DCH E-DCH

. 2.3.

:
BCCH
BCH, FACH HS-DSCH ( FDD 1,28MTDD);
PCCH
PCH HS-DSCH ( FDD 1,28M-TDD);
CCCH
FACH HS-DSCH ( FDD 1,28M-TDD);
DCCH
FACH, DSCH ( TDD), HS-DSCH DCH;
MCCH
FACH;
MSCH
FACH;
DTCH
FACH, DSCH ( TDD), HS-DSCH DCH;
CTCH
FACH;
MTCH
FACH;

69

SHCCH
FACH ( TDD) DSCH (
TDD).

BCCH

BCH

PCCH

PCH

DCCH

CCCH

RACH

SHCH MCCH

FACH

DSCH

MSCH DTCH CTCH

MTCH

USCH HS-DSCH DCH E-DCH

. 2.4.

. 2.3 2.4 .
,
, (---) TDD-,
( ) FDD 1,28-
TDD.
, ,
RLC- , , 1 () MAC, , . MAC-, ,
RLC- MAC- -
, , ,
.
1

70

MAC-. RLC-, . . ,
RLC-,
. () ,
.
. 2.4 RLC-
MAC-
. , ; .
2.4

RLC MAC-

RLC
MAC
BCCH

BCH

BCCH
- MAC-

BCCH,
FACH

BCCH
HS-DSCH
(FDD,
1,28-M TDD)
PCCH
PCH
PCCH
HS-DSCH
(FDD,
1,28-M TDD)

71

2.4

DCCH
RACH

DCCH
USCH
(TDD)

DCCH
DCH



RLC
MAC
- MAC-
BCCH,
,

- MAC- , , - , DCCH
DTCH
MAC

- MAC- , - , - , DCCH
DTCH

MAC

72

DCCH
E-DCH

DCCH
FACH

DCCH
DSCH

DCCH
HS-DSCH

DCCH
DCH

,

,

,

,

,

- MAC-
BCCH,

- MAC- , - DCCH,

2.4

CCCH
RACH
CCCH
FACH

SHCH
RACH
(TDD)

SHCH
USCH
(TDD)

SHCH
FACH
(TDD)

MCCH
FACH

, ,

MSCH
FACH

, ,

DTCH
RACH
(TDD)


RLC


MAC

- MAC-
CCCH


MAC- SCHCH

MAC- SCHCH

MAC- SCHCH

MAC-
,

MAC-
,

73

2.4

DTCH
USCH
(TDD)

DTCH
DCH



RLC
MAC
- MAC- , , - , DCCH
DTCH
MAC

RLC-
-
, - , - DTCH

RLC-.
MAC- ,
DTCH MAC

74

DTCH
FACH

DTCH
HS-DSCH

DTCH
DCH

CTCH
FACH

MTCH
FACH

,

,

,

,

,

- MAC-
CTCH

- MAC- , - ,

, BCCH BCH
RLC- MAC-, RLC- MAC- . BCCH
BCH, . . RRC-
( RRC-),
BCCH,
RLC- (RLC-)
MAC- (MAC-).
. 2.5.

RRC-
L3

RRC-

RRC-

BCCH
RLC-
RLC- ( RLC-)
L2

BCH
MAC-
MAC- ( )


L1

CRC

. 2.5. RLC- MAC-


BCCH BCH

BCCH
FACH
75

RLC- (RLC- )
MAC-, MAC-
BCCH,
FACH (. 2.6).

RRC-
L3

RRC-

RRC-

BCCH
RLC-
RLC- ( RLC-)
L2

FACH
MAC-
MAC-

MAC-


L1

CRC

. 2.6. RLC- MAC-


BCCH FACH

SHCCH FACH RACH.


SHCCH
RACH,
RLC-. SHCCH FACH,
RLC- . MAC- ( SHCCH FACH), ,
76

FACH. , RLC- MAC-, RLC-


MAC-.
RRC-
L3

RRC-

RRC-

CCCH
RLC-
RLC-
L2

RLC-
FACH
MAC-

MAC- ( )


L1

CRC

. 2.7. RLC- MAC-


CCCH FACH

. 2.7 RLC- MAC , . 2.8


RLC- MAC-
SHCCH FACH .

77

RRC-
L3

RRC-

RRC-

BCCH
RLC-
RLC-

RLC-

L2

BCH
MAC-
MAC-

MAC-


L1

CRC

. 2.8. RLC- MAC-


CCCH FACH

(, ). ,
,
.
, , . ; ()
, .
UMTS : AI (Acquisition Indicator), 78

PI (Page Indicator),
NI (MBMS Notification Indicator), (. ).

CCTrC (Coded Composite Transport Channel). HS-DSCH E-DCH
TFCI (Transport Format Combination Indication).
HS-DSCH

TFRI (Transport Format and Resource Indication) .
E-DCH
E-TFCI (Enhanced Transport Format Combination Indication): FDD- DPCCH, TDD E-PUCH.
CCTrC DCH, BCH, FACH, PCH
HS-DSCH E-DCH ( 25.212).
, -,
, .
, DCH, BCH, FACH PCH,
(. 2.9):
CRC;
79

TBk
CRC











. 2.9.
CCTrC DCH, BCH, FACH, PCH

80

() ,
, , ,
;
;
;
;
;
();
;
;
;
.
HS-DSCH
,
(. 2.10):
CRC;
;
;
HARQ;
;
;
-;
.

81

TBk
CRC


HARQ

. 2.10. CCTrC
HS-DSCH

,
E-DCH (. 2.11):
CRC;
;
HARQ ;
;
;
.

82

TBk
CRC

HARQ

. 2.11. CCTrC
E-DCH

CCTrC
, UMTS.

2.3.
( 1) 1
WCDMA/TD-SCDMA 25.200.

, .
WCDMA (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access)
; TD-SCDMA (Time Division
Synchronous Code Division Multiple Access) c .
1

83


:
(-) ;

;
-
;
;


;
;
;
-,
;
(, , , )
;
;
;
;
;
;
HARQ
HS-DSCH E-DCH.
,
(Direct-Sequence Code Division Multiple
Access, DS-CDMA) 5 (
CDMA, W-CDMA), 1,6 ( CDMA). 84

: (Frequency Division Duplex, FDD)


(Time Division Duplex, TDD). , , , UMTS 190 .
, () ,
.
, TDD-,
(Time Division Multiple Access, TDMA), , ,
TDMA/CDMA.
( )

, , V :
3,84 / ( 3,84M-TDD) 1,28 / ( 1,28M-TDD).
; . , 3,84M-TDD
10 15 ,
2560 . , ,
Tchip = 1/3,84 106 = 0,26 ,
2560Tc = 0,667 .
V SF (Spreading Factors),
(. ). SF
1 16 ,
85

( ) V
240 (/)
3,84 (/).
1,28M-TDD ,
10- , 5 ,
. SF
116 ,
80 / 1,28 /.
,
FDD-, 2- . 2 256
4 512 . , 15 1920 /
7,5 1920 / .
: .
, TDD- .
.
,
,
(Quadrature Phase Shift Keying, QPSK). 1,28M-TDD
8- -8, HS-DSCH 16- -16.


.
.

86

, , , , 25.213 25.223.
FDD-
10 (38 400 3,84 /)
218 1 ( 25.213), 16 ( 25.223).
FDD-
10 , , S(2)- 256 ,
16 1 .

:
;
;
;
;
, HS-DSCH;
, E-DCH.

: ,
, .
, MAC-
(midamble) , , , , , .
1

87

.
, , , , . .
, ,
( , .),
.

.
2.3.1.
FDD-

, ,
FDD-, 2 : (. 2.5)
(. 2.6).
2.5
FDD-

1.


RACH
, PRACH
2.

, CPICH

3.



,
P-CCPCH


BCH

88

2.5

4.



,
S-CCPCH
, SCH

FACH BCH

6.


, AICH


AI

7.


, PICH


PI

,
HS-DSCH,
HS-SCCH
9.
, HS-PDSCH
10.

E-DCH, E-AGCH
11.

, MICH

, HS-DSCH


HS-DSCH


E-DCH

5.

8.

.
1. (Physical Random
Access Channel, PRACH).

89

- (Common Pilot Channel, CPICH), , , :


- (Primary CPICH, P-CPICH);
- (Secondary CPICH, S-CPICH).
3. (Primary
Common Control Physical Channel, P-CCPCH).
4. (Secondary Common Control Physical Channel, S-CCPCH).
5. (Synchronization Channel, SCH).
6. (Acquisition Indicator Channel,
AICH).
7. (Paging Indicator Channel, PICH).
8. , HS-DSCH
(HS-DSCH-related Shared Control Channel, HS-SCCH).
9.
(High Speed Physical Downlink Shared Channel, HS-PDSCH).
10. E-DCH (E-DCH
Absolute Grant Channel, E-AGCH).
11. (MBMS Indicator Channel, MICH).
.
1. (Dedicated
Physical Data Channel, DPDCH).
2. (Dedicated Physical Control Channel, DPCCH).
3.
E-DCH (E-DCH Dedicated Physical Data Channel, E-DPDCH).
2.

90

4.
E-DCH (E-DCH Dedicated Physical Control
Channel, E-DPCCH).
5. ,
HS-DSCH (HS-DSCH Dedicated Control Channel, HS-DPCCH).
6. (Fractional Dedicated
Physical Channel, F-DPCH).
7. E-DCH (E-DCH Relative Grant Channel, E-RGCH).
8. HARQ
E-DCH (E-DCH Hybrid ARQ Indicator Channel,
E-HICH).
2.6
FDD-


,
DPDCH


DCH

2. , DPCCH

3.

E-DCH, E-DPDCH


E-DCH

91

2.6

4.

E-DCH, E-DPCCH
5.
,
HS-DSCH,
HS-DPCCH

,
E-DCH

,
HS-DSCH

6.

, F-DPCH

7.


E-DCH,
E-RGCH
8.

HARQ

E-DCH,
E-HICH

, . F-DPCH
DPCCH


E-DCH

HARQ
E-DCH

(
) . 2.12
92

, DPDCH DPCCH
. , 10
, .
Ndata
(Ndata = 102k, k = 0, 1,, 6)

DPDCH

T = 2560

DPCCH

Npilot

NTFCI
TFCI

NFBI
FBI

NTPC
TPC

T = 2560

1
Tsf = 2
Tf = 10

. 2.12. DPDCH DPCCH

DPCCH, . 2.6, , . . 2.12 , DPCCH


,
, TFCI
, FBI
(Feedback Information) TPC (Transmit Power Control).
DPCCH
DPDCH. ,
93

k, Ndata , SF
256
SF = k ,
2
( DPDCH) SF = 256.
, k = 0, DPDCH 10
.
Npilot, NTFCI, NFBI NTPC, , DPDCH, . , :
Npilot = 6; NTFCI = 2; NFBI = 0 NTPC = 2.
, . . 15 ; Npilot = 6 . 2.7.
2.7
Npilot = 6


1
111110
2
100110
3
101101
4
100100
5
110101
6
111110
7
110100
8
101110
9
111111
10
101101
11
110111
12
110100
13
100111
14
100111

94

NFBI = 0, ,
, .
NTPC = 2 : 00 ( 0) 11 ( 1).

FDD.
DCH
DPDCH.
DCH
DPCCH.
DCH
F-DPCH.
E-DCH E-DPDCH.
E-DCH E-DPCCH.
E-DCH E-AGCH.
E-DCH E-RGCH.
E-DCH E-HICH.
RACH
PRACH.
RACH
CPICH.
BCH
P-CCPCH.
FACH
S-CCPCH.
PCH
S-CCPCH.
95

PCH
SCH.
PCH
AICH.
PCH
PICH.
PCH
MICH.
HS-DSCH HS-PDSCH.
HS-DSCH HS-SCCH.
HS-DSCH HS-PDCCH.

FDD- . 2.13.

BCH

PCH

P-CCPCH

MICH

S-CCPCH

SCH

RACH

PICH

FACH

DSCH

CPICH HS-DPCCH

PRACH

AICH

HS-SCCH

USCH HS-DSCH DCH E-DCH

DPCCH E-HICH E-AGCH E-DPDCH

HS-PDSCH F-DPCH

DPDCH

E-RGCH E-DPCCH

. 2.13.
FDD-

.
TDD- , 96

(. 2.14). ,
,
, .
SFN (System Frame Number).

. 2.14. TDD-

,
, . , ,
,
, .
,
, .
, ,

. : , 256 , 512 . , , 320 .
(SF = 1, 2, 4, 8 16)
.
97

, TDD-
, , , . ,
, .
,
TDD- .
.

( UL/DL)

( UL/DL)

( UL/DL)

( UL/DL)

)
. 2.15. TDD-

. 2.15 ( )
TDD-.
98

2.3.2.
3,84M-TDD
3,84-TDD , , 15
2560Tchip (. 2.14).
,
MBSFN (. ).
FDD-, , , 2
: .
(. 2.8).
1. (Primary
Common Control Physical Channel, P-CCPCH).
2. (Secondary
Common Control Physical Channel, S-CCPCH).
3. (Physical Random
Access Channel, PRACH).
4. (Synchronization Channel, SCH).
5. (Physical Uplink Shared
Channel, PUSCH).
6. (Physical Downlink
Shared Channel, PDSCH).
7. (Paging Indicator Channel, PICH).
8. B (Physical Node B
Synchronization Channel, PNBSCH).
9.
(High Speed Physical Downlink Shared Channel, HS-PDSCH).
10. HS-DSCH (Shared Control Channel for HS-DSCH, HS-SCCH).
11. HS-DSCH (Shared
Information Channel for HS-DSCH, HS-SICH).
99

12. (MBMS Indicator Channel, MICH).


13. E-DCH (E-DCH
Physical Uplink Channel, E-PUCH), :
E-DCH (E-DCH Uplink Control Channel, E-UCCH);
E-DCH (E-DCH
Downlink Control Channel, E-UCCH).
14.
E-DCH (E-DCH Random Access Uplink Control Channel, E-RUCCH).
15. E-DCH (E-DCH
Absolute Grant Channel, E-AGCH).
16. HARQ E-DCH (E-DCH Hybrid ARQ Acknowledgement Indicator Channel,
E-HICH).
2.8

1.


BCH

,
P-CCPCH
2.

BCH FACH

,
S-CCPCH
3.


RACH
, PRACH
4.

100

SCH

2.8

5.

, PUSCH

, PDSCH

, PICH


USCH


DSCH


PI


HS-DSCH


HS-DSCH

CQI
HS-DSCH

E-DCH

6.

7.
8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.



, PNBSCH

, HS-PDSCH

HS-DSCH,
HS-SCCH

HS-DSCH,
HS-SICH)

, MICH

E-DCH,
E-PUCH

101

2.8

14.


E-DCH, E-RUCCH

, E-DCH,
E-PUCH

15.

E-DCH, E-AGCH



E-DCH

16.
HARQ

E-DCH,
E-HICH

HARQ
E-DCH

(. 2.9)
(Dedicated Physical Channel, DPCH),
DCH.
2.9


,
DPCH


DCH


3,84M-TDD . 2.16.

102

BCH

PCH

P-CCPCH MICH

S-CCPCH

SCH

RACH

PICH

FACH

DSCH

E-HICH HS-SICH

PRACH

PNBSCH

HS-SCCH

USCH HS-DSCH DCH E-DCH

PUSCH

HS-PDSCH PDSCH

E-AGCH

E-PUCH

DPCH

E-RUCCH

. 2.16.
3,84M-TDD


3,84-M TDD. UMTS 3,84-M TDD (Integrated Mobile Broadcast, IMB) (MBMS over a Single Frequency Network, MBSFN)
3,84M-TDD MBSFN IMB.
(. 2.17), , .
10 ms

. 2.17.

, (. 2.10)
3,84M-TDD MBSFN IMB .
1. - (Primary Common Pilot Channel, P-CPICH).

103

2. -
(Time-multiplexed Common Pilot Channel, T-CPICH).
3. (Primary
Common Control Physical Channel, P-CCPCH).
4. (Secondary
Common Control Physical Channel, S-CCPCH),
:
S-CCPCH , 15 ;
S-CCPCH , 3 .
5. (Synchronization Channel, SCH).
6. (MBMS Indicator Channel, MICH).
2.10

3,84M-TDD MBSFN IMB

1. -
-, P-CCPCH

-

,
T-CPICH

, P-CCPCH


64-

BCH

4.

, S-CCPCH

FACH

5.

,
SCH

6.

, MICH

2.

3.

104

2.3.3.
1,28M-TDD
1,28M-TDD ,
10 , 5 (6400 ).
(0, 1, , 6)
(. 2.18), UpPTS (uplink pilot timeslot) DwPTS
(downlink pilot timeslot)
, GP (guard period). 864 ,
UpPTS 160 , DwPTS 96 ,
GP 96 .

. 2.18. 1,28M-TDD

, . , UpPTS, DwPTS GP, (Switching Point). , 3 4, .


1,28M-TDD.
(. 2.11)
(Dedicated Physical Cannel, DPCH),
DCH.
105

2.11
1,28M-TDD

1. ,

DCH
DPCH

(. 2.12) .
1. (Primary
Common Control Physical Channel, P-CCPCH).
2. (Secondary Common Control Physical Channel, S-CCPCH).
3. (Fast Physical Access
Channel, FPACH).
4. (Physical Random
Access Channel, PRACH).
5. :
(UpPCH);
(DwPCH).
6. (Physical Uplink Shared
Channel, PUSCH).
7. (Physical Downlink
Shared Channel, PDSCH).
8. (Paging Indicator Channel, PICH).
9.
(High Speed Physical Downlink Shared Channel, HS-PDSCH).
10. HS-DSCH (Shared
Control Channel for HS-DSCH, HS-SCCH).
11. HS-DSCH (Shared
Information Channel for HS-DSCH, HS-SICH).
106

12. (MBMS Indicator Channel, MICH). 1,28M TDD MICH


, , MBSFN- .
13. (Physical
Layer Common Control Channel, PLCCH).
14. E-DCH (E-DCH
Physical Uplink Channel, E-PUCH), :
E-DCH (E-DCH
Uplink Control Channel, E-UCCH);
E-DCH (E-DCH
Downlink Control Channel, E-UCCH).
15. E-DCH (E-DCH Random Access Uplink Control Channel, E-RUCCH).
16. E-DCH (E-DCH
Absolute Grant Channel, E-AGCH).
17. HARQ E-DCH (E-DCH Hybrid ARQ Acknowledgement Indicator Channel,
E-HICH).
2.12
1,28M-TDD

1.


BCH
, PCCPCH
2.

BCH FACH

,
S-CCPCH

107

3.


,
FPACH

4.


, PRACH

5.

UpPCH

DwPCH
, PUSCH

, PDSCH

, PICH

6.

7.

8.

, HS-PDSCH
10.
HS-DSCH,
HS-SCCH
11.
HS-DSCH,
HS-SICH
9.

108

2.12



,


RACH


USCH


DSCH


PI


HS-DSCH


HS-DSCH

CQI
HS-DSCH

2.12

12.

, MICH

13.
,
PLCCH


.
TPS- SS-

14.

E-DCH,
E-PUCH

E-DCH

15.


E-DCH, E-RUCCH

, E-DCH,
E-PUCH

16.

E-DCH, E-AGCH



E-DCH

16.
HARQ

E-DCH,
E-HICH

HARQ
E-DCH


1,28M-TDD . 2.15.

109

BCH

PCH

P-CCPCH MICH

S-CCPCH

RACH

PICH

FACH

E-HICH HS-SICH

DSCH

HS-SCCH

USCH HS-DSCH DCH E-DCH

PUSCH

PRACH PLCCH FPRACH HS-PDSCH

E-AGCH

E-PUCH

DPCH

E-RUCCH

. 2.15.
1,28M-TDD

2.3.4.
7,68M-TDD
7,68M-TDD
3,84M-TDD (. 2.11),
15 ,
5120 , ,
( , , MBSFN ).
7,68M-TDD
(. 2.13) (Dedicated Physical Cannel, DPCH), DCH.
2.13
7,68M-TDD

1. ,

DCH
DPCH

110

(. 2.14) .
1. (Primary
Common Control Physical Channel, P-CCPCH).
2. (Secondary Common Control Physical Channel, S-CCPCH).
3. (Physical Random
Access Channel, PRACH).
4. (Synchronization Cannel, SCH).
5. (Physical Uplink Shared
Channel, PUSCH).
6. (Physical Downlink
Shared Channel, PDSCH).
7. (Paging Indicator Channel, PICH).
8.
(High Speed Physical Downlink Shared Channel, HS-PDSCH).
9. HS-DSCH (Shared
Control Channel for HS-DSCH, HS-SCCH).
10. HS-DSCH (Shared
Information Channel for HS-DSCH, HS-SICH).
11. (MBMS Indicator Channel, MICH).
E-DCH (E-DCH
Physical Uplink Channel, E-PUCH).
12. E-DCH (E-DCH Random Access Uplink Control Channel, E-RUCCH).
13. E-DCH (E-DCH
Absolute Grant Channel, E-AGCH).
14. HARQ E-DCH (E-DCH Hybrid ARQ Acknowledgement Indicator Channel,
E-HICH).

111

2.14
7,68M-TDD

1.
BCH

,
P-CCPCH
2.
BCH FACH

,
S-CCPCH
3.
,
RACH
PRACH
4.

, SCH

5.

,
PUSCH
,
PDSCH

, PICH


USCH


DSCH

PI


HS-DSCH


HS-DSCH

6.

7.
8.

9.

112

,
HS-PDSCH

HS-DSCH,
HS-SCCH

2.14

10.
HS-DSCH,
HS-SICH

CQI
HS-DSCH

11.

, MICH

13.

E-DCH,
E-PUCH

E-DCH

14.

E-DCH,
E-RUCCH

, E-DCH,
E-PUCH

15.

E-DCH, E-AGCH


E-DCH

16.
HARQ

E-DCH,
E-HICH

HARQ
E-DCH


7,68M-TDD . 2.16.

113

BCH

PCH

P-CCPCH MICH

S-CCPCH

SCH

RACH

PICH

FACH

E-HICH HS-SICH

PRACH

PNBSCH

DSCH

HS-SCCH

USCH HS-DSCH DCH E-DCH

PUSCH

HS-PDSCH PDSCH

E-AGCH

E-PUCH

DPCH

E-RUCCH

. 2.16.
7,68M-TDD


UMTS .

114


1. () UMTS?
2. () UMTS .
3. ,
MAC-.
4. ,
.
5. , ?
6. ?
7. ?
8. , . ?

9. - CPICH?
10. (TDD).

115

3.

CCTrC, ; CCTrC , , ,
.
CCTrC , . 3.1 (
. 2.92.11).
, :
aim1 , aim 2 , aim 3 ,..., aimAi
;
bim1 , bim 2 , bim 3 , ..., bimBi
;
oir1 , oir 2 , oir 3 , ..., oirKi ,
;
ci1 , ci 2 , ci 3 , ..., ciEi ( ,
);
ti1 , ti 2 , ti 3 , ..., tiTi ;
gi1 , gi 2 , gi 3 , ..., giGi ,
;
hi1 , hi 2 , hi 3 , ..., hiDi , ;
116

aim1 , aim 2 , aim 3 ,..., aimAi

TBk

CRC

bim1 , bim 2 , bim 3 , ..., bimBi


oir1 , oir 2 , oir 3 , ..., oirKi


ci1 , ci 2 , ci 3 , ..., ciEi


ti1 , ti 2 , ti 3 , ..., tiTi


gi1 , gi 2 , gi 3 , ..., giGi


hi1 , hi 2 , hi 3 , ..., hiDi


qi1 , qi 2 , qi 3 , ..., qiQi


fi1 , fi 2 , fi 3 , ..., fiVi


s1 , s2 , s3 , ..., sS

w1 , w2 , w3 , ..., wR

u p ,1 , u p ,2 , u p ,3 , ..., u p ,U

v p ,1 , v p ,2 , v p ,3 , ..., v p ,U

. 3.1.
CCTrC DCH, BCH,
FACH, PCH

117

qi1 , qi 2 , qi 3 , ..., qiQi ;


f i1 , f i 2 , fi 3 , ..., f iVi i- , ( );
s1 , s2 , s3 , ..., sS ;
w1 , w2 , w3 , ..., wR , ;
u p ,1 , u p ,2 , u p ,3 , ..., u p ,U , ( );
v p ,1 , v p ,2 , v p ,3 , ..., v p ,U .

3.1.

. 2.2,
CCTrC. CCTrC 25.212
DCH, RACH, BCH, FACH, PCH (
) HS-DSCH E-DCH.
CCTrC.
, -,
, , 10, 20, 40 80 ,
80 512.
118

, ,
CRC (Cyclic Redundancy
Check), . L CRC 8, 12, 16 24 , , . .
.
.
:
gCRC 8 ( D) = D8 + D 7 + D 4 + D 3 + D + 1 ;
gCRC12 ( D) = D12 + D11 + D8 + D 2 + D + 1;
gCRC16 ( D) = D16 + D12 + D 6 + 1;
gCRC 24 ( D)= D 24 + D 23 + D 6 + D 5 + D + 1 .

CRC .
, . 2.2, aimj
j- (j = 1, , A),
m- (m = 1, , M) i- . pim1, pim2, , pimL , . ,
GF(2)
aim1 D Ai +7 + aim 2 D Ai +6 + + aimAi D8 + pim1 D 7 + pim 2 D 6 + + pim 7 D + pim8

gCRC8(D);

aim1 D Ai +11 + aim 2 D Ai +10 + + aimAi D12 + pim1 D11 + pim 2 D10 + + pim11 D + pim12

gCRC12(D);

aim1 D Ai +15 + aim 2 D Ai +14 + + aimAi D16 + pim1 D15 + pim 2 D14 + pim15 D + pim16

gCRC16(D);

119

aim1 D Ai + 23 + aim 2 D Ai + 22 + + aimAi D 23 + pim1 D 23 + pim 2 D 22 + + pim 23 D + pim 24

gCRC24(D). Ai
Li .

(Ai = 0, Mi = 0) . (Ai = 0), (Mi 0), ,
.
bim1, bim2, , bimB , Bi = Ai + Li, i

, . .
aimk , k = 1, , Ai

.
bimk =
p
k
=
A
+
l
l
=

L
,
,
1,
,
i
i
im ( Li +1( k Ai ))
( ), TTI, , Z , .
. Z :
Z = 504 Z = 5114 (. 3.1).
, Mi i- , Xi = Mi Bi; xi1, xi2, , xiBi . :

xik = bi1k , k = 1, , Bi ;
xik = bi ,2,( k Bi ) , k =Bi + 1, Bi + 2, , 2 Bi ;
xik = bi ,3,( k 2 Bi ) , k =
2 Bi + 1, 2 Bi + 2, , 3Bi ;

120

xik = bi ,M i ,( k ( M i 1) Bi ) , k = ( M i 1) Bi + 1, ( M i 1) Bi + 2, , M i Bi .
Ci i-
, Ki .
, Ki = Xi / Ci, . ,
, Ci,
Yi, . , Xi < 40. oir1 , oir 2 , , oirKi r-
. .
%
(Xi < 40)
Ki = 40;

Ki = Xi / Ci;

%
Yi = CiKi Xi;
%
k 1 Yi
oi1k = 0;

%
k Yi + 1 Ki
oi1k = xi ,( k Yi ) ;

%
r = 2;
(r Ci)
121

k 1 Ki
oi1k = xi ,( k ( r 1) Ki Yi ) ;

r = r+1;

3.1.1.
, , CCTrC ,
oir1 , oir 2 , , oirKi
yir1 , yir 2 , , yirY . , i


, , , Y (. 3.1).
3.1
CCTrC

BCH
PCH
RACH
DCH, FACH

1/2

2K + 16

1/3, 1/2

3K + 24

1/3

3K + 12

BCH, PCH RACH 9 1/3 1/2. . 3.2.

122

) 1/2

) 1/3

. 3.2.
1/2 () 1/3 ()

, , 1/3 0, 1, 2, 0, 1 . .
1/2 : 0, 1, 0, 1,
0 . . 8 , .

,
(. 3.3).

g ( D)
G ( D) = 1, 1
,
g
(
D
)
0

g 0 ( D ) , g1 ( D )
g 0 ( D) =+
1 D 2 + D3 ,
g1 ( D) =1 + D + D 3 .

123

. 3.3. , 1/3

.
:
x1 , z1 , z '1 , x2 , z2 , z '2 , ..., xK , z K , z 'K ,
x1 , x2 , ..., xK , , z1 , z2 , ..., z K , z '1 , z '2 , ..., z 'K . x1 , x2 , ..., xK ,
, .
, . . K, .
,

124

,
:
xK +1 , z K +1 , xK +2 , z K +2 , xK +3 , z K +3 .
,
, , :
x 'K +1 , z 'K +1 , x 'K +2 , z 'K +2 , x 'K +3 , z 'K +3 .

3K + 12 .
.

x1 , x2 , ..., xK ,
K ,
40 K 5114 . :
R ;
;
p ;
v ( );
s ( j ) j{0, 1, ..., p 2}
;
T (i ) i{0, 1, ..., R 1} ;

Ui ( j)

j{0, 1, ..., C 1}

i-

;
i ;
j ;
k .
x1 , x2 , ..., xK .
:

125

5, (40 K 159);

=
R 10, (160 K 200) (481 K 530);
20, .

p :
(481 K 530)

p = 53;
= p;

p . 3.2 ,
K R ( p + 1) ;
p 1, K R ( p 1);

=
C p, R ( p 1) < K R p ;
p + 1, R p < K ;

3.2
p v
p
v
p
v
p
v
p
v
p
v
7
3
47
5
101
2
157
5
223
3
11
2
53
2
103
5
163
2
227
2
13
2
59
2
107
2
167
5
229
6
17
3
61
2
109
6
173
2
233
3
19
2
67
2
113
3
179
2
239
7
23
5
71
7
127
3
181
2
241
7
29
2
73
5
131
2
191 19 251
6
31
3
79
3
137
3
193
5
257
3
37
2
83
2
139
2
197
2
41
6
89
3
149
2
199
3
43
3
97
5
151
6
211
2

x1 , x2 , ..., xK
126

y1
y
(C +1)

y( R 1)C +1
:
k 1 K
yk = xk ;

y2
y(C + 2)

y( R 1)C + 2

... yC
... y2C

...

... yRC

R C > K
k K+1 R C
%
yk = 0 1 ;


, ,
.
,
. . 3.2. v, p. s(j):
s (0) = 0 ;
s ( j ) =(v s ( j 1)) mod p, j =1, 2,..., ( p 2) .


qi:
q0 = 0;
qi , (qi, p) = 1, qi > 6
qi > qi 1, i = 1, 2, , R 1.
ri , :
127

0, 1, ..., R 1 ,
r=
q=
T (i )
i, i

T (i ) K. . 3.3.
3.3

K
<T(0), T(1), , T(R 1)>
R
(40 K 159)
5
<4, 3, 2, 1, 0>
(160 K 200)
10
<9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0>
(481 K 530)
(2281 K 2480)
<19, 9, 14, 4, 0, 2, 5, 7, 12, 18, 16,
20
(3161 K 3210)
13, 17, 15, 3, 1, 6, 11, 8, 10>
<19, 9, 14, 4, 0, 2, 5, 7, 12, 18, 10,

20
8, 13, 17, 3, 1, 16, 6, 15, 11>

, A B A B:
i 0 R 1
(C = p )
j 0 p 2
U i ( j ) =
s (( j ri ) mod( p 1));

U i ( p 1) =
0;

(C= p + 1)
j 0 p 2
U i ( j ) =
s (( j ri ) mod( p 1));

128

U i ( p 1) =
0;
U i ( p ) = p;
( K= R C )

U R 1 ( p ) U R 1 (0);

(C= p 1)
j 0 p 2
U i ( j ) =
s (( j ri ) mod( p 1));

Ui(j)
i- ,
, .

T(i), ,
,
, , , .
, ,
y '2
... y 'C
y '1
y'
y '(C + 2) ... y '2C
(
1)
C
+

...

y '( R 1)C +1 y '( R 1)C + 2 ... y 'RC



, , ,
. 129

, ,
. . y 'k , yk > K. K
, . 3.2
x 'k .
3.1.2.

i i-
, , , CCTrC .
ci1 , ci 2 , ci 3 ,..., ciEi ,
i , Ei = CiYi. :
k = 1, 2, ..., Yi ;
cik = yi ,1,k ,

cik = yi ,2,( k Yi ) ,

k=
Yi + 1, Yi + 2, ..., 2Yi ;

cik = yi ,3,( k 2Yi ) ,

k=
2Yi + 1, 2Yi + 2, ..., 3Yi ;

cik = yi ,Ci ,( k ( Ci 1)Yi ) ,

k = (Ci 1)Yi + 1, (Ci 1)Yi + 2, ..., CiYi .

Fi
i- . Ei
Fi ,
,

ci1 , ci 2 , ci 3 ,..., ciEi . Ni ,
Ei
N i = Ei / Fi .
130

Ti = N i Fi
.
.
k 1 Ei
tik = cik ;

Ei < Ti
k Ei + 1 Ti
tik = 0 1 ;

3.1.3.

CCTrC
DCH, BCH, FACH, PCH
. - , , , , RACH
.
, ,
, , .
.
N i , j :
j i- -

131

; , , 1/8.
N iTTI
,l : , ,
i-
l; .
N i , j : , i j, ,
; : , , 1/8.
N iTTI
,l :
, i l ;
.
NTGL : ,
; ,
CCTrC.
RM i : i-
.
PL : ,
;
, ,
(1 PL) 100% .
N data, j : , -

CCTrC
j.
132

I: CCTrC.
Zi,j: .
Fi: , i.
ni: i (0 ni < Fi).
q: , ;
.
P1F(ni): , , x ,
;
.
S[n]: , , ni, n = P1F (ni ) .
i

.
TFi(j): i-
j.
TFS(i): l
i- .
TFCS:
j.
eini: e , .
eplus: e.
eminus: e.

133

b: , ; .
b = 1: ; . 3.2 xk .
b = 2: , ; . 3.2 zk .
b = 3: , ; . 3.2 z 'k .
RMi.
i
. ,

, .
, ,
,
. , , ,
,

.
Zi,j j :
Z 0, j = 0 ;

Zi, j

134

RM
N
N

m m, j
data , j
m=1

, i = 1,2, ..., I .

=
I

RM
N

,
m
m
j

m =1

, ,
j :
(3.1)
N i , j = Z i , j Z i 1, j N i , j , i = 1, 2,..., I .
,
.

, , . , , , , . ,
, PL, . ,
, N256, N128, N64, N32,
N16, N8, N4, .

CCTrC, ,
Ndata,
{N256, N128, N64, N32, N16, N8, N4, 2N4, 3N4, 4N4, 5N4, 6N4}.
CCTrC,
RACH, Ndata
SET0, {N256, N128, N64, N32} .
CCTrC Ndata SET0,
, . SET0
{N256, N128, N64, N32, N16, N8, N4, 2N4, 3N4, 4N4, 5N4, 6N4}.
135

Ndata,j
j :
SET1 = { Ndata SET0, ,

( min{RM }) N
1 y I

data

RM x N x , j 0 };
x =1

(SET1 ) (
SET1 )
N data, j = min SET1;

SET2 = { Ndata SET0,

( min{RM }) N
1 y I

data

PL RM x N x , j 0 };
x =1

SET2 ;
N data, j = min SET2 ;
( N data max SET2 ) ( Ndata )
Ndata = ( Ndata SET2);

N data, j = N data ;

CCTrC,
RACH, ,
Ndata,j
, j .
N i , j , i-
j
(3.1). N i , j , 136

, . . ,
,
. N data, j 0 ,
, ,
eini , eplus , eminus .

, .
R = N i , j mod N i , j ;
R 0 2 R N i , j

q = N i , j / R ;

=
q N i , j /( R N i , j ) ;

(q )

q =' q + ( q , Fi ) / Fi ;

q' = q;

x 0 (Fi 1)

S xq ' mod Fi = xq ' div Fi ; % (

% div )

X i ==
N i , j ; eini

( aS[ P1

Fi

(ni )] N i + 1 mod ( aN i , j ) ;

eplus = aN i , j ; eminus= a N i ;

, ,
eini , eplus , eminus .
137

2, b = 2;
a=
1, b = 3;

2;
N i , j / 2 , b =
N i =

3.
N i , j / 2 , b =
N i b = 2

b = 3 , .

( q 2 )

; q X i / N i ;
X i = N i , j / 3=

r 0 Fi 1
S ( 3r + b 1) mod FI =
r mod 2 ;

(q )
q =' q (q, Fi ) / Fi ;

q' = q;

x 0 (Fi 1)
=
r x q ' mod Fi ;

S [ (3r + b 1) mod Fi ] =
xq ' div Fi ;

=
eini

eini = 0

eini = aX i ;

138

( aS[ P1

Fi

(ni )] N i + X i mod ( aX i ) ;

eplus = aX i ; eminus= a N i ;

N i , j < 0 ,
. . .
N i , j > 0 , . . ,
eini , eplus , eminus
,
.
,
. , N data, j , CCTrC
,
. N data,* ,
j.
:
. ,
, ,
, .

.
, ,
, .
N i ,* :
139

N i ,* =

1
.
max N iTTI
,l
Fi lTFS( i )

N i ,max =
Fi N i ,* ,
N i ,* N i ,* (3.1).
i- N i ,max =
0 ,
, . . , , . :
N iTTI
,l = 0, l TFS(i ) .
N i ,max 0
eini , eplus , eminus , N iTTI
,l .
, ,
:
N i =
N i ,max ; a = 2 ; N max = max N iTTI
,l ;
lTFS( i )

X i = N iTTI
,l ; eini = 1 ; eplus = aN max ; eminus= a N i .
N iTTI

,l

. :

N i X i
=
N iTTI

sgn(N i ) ;
,l
N
max
sgn( x) :
1, x 0;
sgn( x) =
1, x < 0.

140

:
N i ,max / 2 , b =
2;
2, b =2;
N ib =
a=

3;
1, b =3;
N i ,max / 2 , b =
TTI
N max = max ( N iTTI
,l / 3) ; X i = N i ,l / 3 ;
lTFS( i )

eini = N max ; eplus = aN max ; eminus= a N ib .


, N iTTI
,l

N i2 X i
N i3 X i
.
N =

+ 0,5
N
N

max
max
b = 3;
b = 2. , b = 1,
.
,
.
N i , j . TTI
i ,l


:
1
N i , j = N iTTI
,TFi ( j ) .
Fi

RFi :

RFi =

N data,*
max ( RM i N i , j )
I

jTFCS

RM i .

i =1

141

N iTTI
,l , , .
N iTTI
,l , .
RFi , , CCTrC . CCTrC
N data,* , CCTrC ,
, N data,* / 10 .
N iTTI
,l .
N iTTI
,l
l :

TTI
N

RFi N
data,* RM i N i ,l
TTI

N iTTI
F
N
F
=
N iTTI
=

,l
,l .
i
i ,l
i
I
F
F max
i

( RM i Ni, j )
i jTFCS
i =1

:
j TFCS
TTI
i ,l

% CCTrC
% j (/10 )
I

TTI
N iTTI
,TFi ( j ) + N i ,TFi ( j )

i =1

Fi

D=

D > N data,*
i 1 I
142

N = Fi N i , j ;

N iTTI
,TFi ( j ) > N
N iTTI
N ;
,TFi ( j ) =

, N iTTI
0 ,
,l =
i- l
. N iTTI
,l 0
eini , eplus , eminus .
, ,
:
TTI
N i =
N iTTI
,l ; a = 2 ; X i = N i ,l ;

eini = 1 ; eplus = aN iTTI


,l ; eminus= a N i .
, ,
:
N i ,l / 2 , b =
2;
2, b =2;

a=
N i =

TTI
3;
1, b =3;
N i ,l / 2 , b =
TTI

X i = N iTTI
,l / 3 ; eini = X i ; eplus = aX i ; eminus= a N i .
, ,
. , , . .
143

, ,
, CCTrC, ,
.

, , , ,
.

x3ik

x2ik
x1ik

y2ik

y1ik

y3ik

. 3.4. ,


, , , ,
.

, 1
2 .
,
144

(. 3.4). , , , ,
. 3.5.

x1ik

y1ik

. 3.5. ,

1 , 2 , 3 , x1ik , x2ik , x3ik . , ,


. 3.4.

145

3.4
TTI,
1
2
3
10, 40
0
1
2
20, 80
0
2
1

, -
, n . 3.5.
i

3.5
n

TTI,
10

0
0

20

40
80

0
0

1
1

2
2

0
0

ei1 , ei 2 , ei 3 , ..., eiNi , i , Ni . , , :


x1,i ,k = ei ,3( k 1)+1+( 1+n ) mod3 , k = 1, 2, 3, ..., X i , X i = N i / 3 ;
i

x1,i , Ni /3 +k = ei ,3 Ni /3 +k , k = 1, ..., N i mod 3 ;

x2,i ,k = ei ,3( k 1)+1+( 2 +n ) mod3 , k = 1, 2, 3, ..., X i , X i = N i / 3 ;


i
x3,i ,k = ei ,3( k 1)+1+( 3 +n ) mod3 , k = 1, 2, 3, ..., X i , X i = N i / 3 .
i

146

, , , , :
x1,i ,k = ei ,k , k = 1, 2, 3, ..., X i , X i = N i .

, y1ik , y2ik , y3ik . , zi ,k :
zi ,3( k 1)+1 = y1,i ,k

k = 1, 2, 3, ..., Yi ;

zi ,3( k 1)+ 2 = y2,i ,k

k = 1, 2, 3, ..., Yi ;

zi ,3( k 1)+3 = y3,i ,k

k = 1, 2, 3, ..., Yi .

, {0, 1} .
,
f i ,k ,
Vi = Nij+Nij.
, , , , :
zi ,k = y1,i ,k , k = 1, 2, 3, ..., Yi .
:
f i ,k = zi ,k , k = 1, 2, 3, ..., Yi .
zi ,k , {0, 1} ,
f i ,k .
, , , -

147

,
.
, .

, ,
.

, , .

,
(. 3.6).

x1ik

y1ik

x2ik

x3ik

y2ik

y3ik

. 3.6. ,

, ,
, 148

, , (. 3.7).

x1ik

y1ik

. 3.7. ,

ci1 , ci 2 , ci 3 , ..., ciEi , i


, Ei . ,
, , Ei
, l
, . . Ei = N ilTTI . :
x1,i ,k = ci ,3( k 1)+1 , k = 1, 2, 3, ..., X i , X i = Ei / 3 ;
x1,i ,k = ci ,3( k 1)+ 2 , k = 1, 2, 3, ..., X i , X i = Ei / 3 ;
x1,i ,k = ci ,3( k 1)+3 , k = 1, 2, 3, ..., X i , X i = Ei / 3 .

149

, , , ,
:
x1,i ,k = ci ,k , k = 1, 2, 3, ..., X i , X i = Ei .
,
,
{0, 1}, ,
gi ,k .
. , xi1 , xi 2 , xi 3 , ..., xiX i , i , X i . ,
eini , eplus , eminus .

%
e = eini ;
m = 1;
m X i

e= e eminus ;
e 0
xi ,m = ;

%
% m
%
% , 0 1

e= e + eplus ;

m= m + 1 ;

e = eini ;
150

%
%

m = 1;
m X i

e= e eminus ;

e 0

% m
%
xi ,m ;
e= e + eplus ;

m= m + 1 ;

xi ,m , .

,

CCTrC DCH, BCH, FACH,
PCH.

CCTrC. ,
, ,
.
,
BCH 540 .
P-CCPCH,
-

151

.
3.1.4.

(Discontinuous Transmission, DTX) CCTrC.

, CCTrC.
, , ,
. . .

, .
, gi1 , gi 2 , gi 3 , ..., giGi ,
i , Gi , .
, i- , Hi.
Hi:
Di = Fi H i ,
Fi , i- .

,
0 1,
.

hi1 , hi 2 , hi 3 , ..., hiDi .


152

:
hik = gik , k = 1, 2,3 ..., Gi ;

hik = , k =Gi + 1, Gi + 2, Gi + 3 ..., Di .


3.1.5.

, ,
.
, hi1 , hi 2 , hi 3 , ..., hiDi , .

, . 1
. 3.6.
3.6
TTI


TTI
C1
<P1C1(0), P1C1(1), , P1C1(C11)>
10
1
<0>
20
2
<0, 1>
40
4
<0, 2, 1, 3>
80
8
<0, 4, 2, 6, 1, 5, 3, 7>

:
R1 = Di /C1,
hi1 , hi 2 , hi 3 , ..., hiDi , , , . .:

153

hi ,1
hi ,2
...
hi ,C1

h
hi ,C1+ 2
... hi ,2C1
i ,C1+1

...

hi ,((R11)C1+1) hi ,((R11)C1+2) ... hi ,(R1C1)


,
. 3.6. P1C1(0), P1C1(1), , P1C1(C11) ,
,
.
qi1 , qi 2 , qi 3 , ..., qiQi ,
, ,
:
qi ,1 qi ,(R1+1) ... qi ,((C11)R1+1)
q
qi ,(R1+2) ... qi ,((C11)R1+2)
i ,2
.

...

qi ,(C1R1)
qi ,R1 qi ,(2R1) ...
, :
Q=
D=
C1R1.
i
i

.
10 , ,
. Fi,
.
,
CCTrC , CCTrC 154

.

Fi.
Fi f i1 , f i 2 , fi 3 , ..., f iVi ,
Vi . Fi Vi

Vi = Qi / Fi .
f i1 , f i 2 , fi 3 , ..., f iVi :
f i ,ni ,k = qi ,( ni 1)Vi +k , ni = 1, 2, ..., Fi ,

k = 1, 2, ..., Vi ,

ni ,
Fi ,
Vi i- , .
3.1.6.
,


, . I .
s1 , s2 , s3 , ..., sS ,
.
S = Vi .
i

:
=
sk f=
1, 2, ..., V1 ;
1k , k
155

sk =f 2,( k V1 ) , k =
V1 + 1, V1 + 2, ..., V1 + V2 ;
sk = f3,( k (V1 +V2 )) , k = (V1 + V2 ) + 1, (V1 + V2 ) + 2, ..., V1 + V2 + V3 ;

sk = f I ,( k (V1 +V2 +...+VI 1 )) , k = (V1 + V2 + ... + VI 1 ) + 1, ..., (V1 + V2 + ... + VI 1 ) + VI .

.
P .
R ,
. ,
15 , R :
N data,*
=
R =
15( N data1 + N data 2 ) ,
P
N data1 , N data 2 .
,

w1 , w2 , w3 , ..., wPR . :
wk = sk , k = 1, 2, ..., S ;

wk = , k =
S + 1, S + 2, ..., P R ;
, 0 1, .
3.1.7. ,


CCTrC . ,

156

w1 , w2 , w3 , ..., wPR .
P ,
.
.
:
u1,k = wk , k = 1, 2, 3, ..., U .
:
u2,k = wk +U , k = 1, 2, 3, ..., U .
P- :
u P ,k = wk +( P 1)U , k = 1, 2, 3, ..., U ,
U , .
(DCH, BCH, FACH, PCH) ,
, .
C2 = 30.
,
:
U R2C2 .
,
u p ,1 , u p ,2 , u p ,3 , ..., u p ,U , , , . .:

u p ,1

u
p ,C2+1

u p ,((R21)C2+1)

u p ,2
u p ,C2+2

u p ,((R21)C2+2)

... u p ,C2
... u p ,2C2
.
...

... u p ,(R2C2)
157

, U < R2C2 ,
U + 1, U + 2, ..., R2C2 .
, . 3.7, P1C1(0),
P1C1(1), , P1C1(C2 1) , ,
.
3.7


C2
<P2(0), P2(1), , P2(C2 1)>
<0, 20, 10, 5, 15, 25, 3, 13, 23, 8, 18, 28, 1, 11, 21,
30
6, 16, 26, 4, 14, 24, 19, 9, 29, 12, 2, 7, 22, 27, 17>

v p1 , v p 2 , v p 3 , ..., v pU
, , ,
, :

v p ,1
v
p ,2

v p ,R2

v p ,(R2+1)
v p ,(R2+2)

v p ,(2R2)

... v p ,((C21)R2+1)
... v p ,((C21)R2+2)
.

...

...
v p ,(C2R2)

3.2.

CCTrC, -

158

, CCTrC.
(DCH)
I, -,
. i- Mi, DPDCH P.
,
DCH,
.

DCH

DCH

RACH

DCH DCH

RACH

CCTrC

CCTrC


TPC

TFCI

PhyCH

PhyCH

PhyCH

PhyCH

PhyCH

. 3.8. DCH, RACH

(RACH)

RACH CCTrC, ,
.

159

RACH CCTrC
. ,
I = 1, sk = f1k , S = V1 .
M1 .
10 ,
20 .
RM1 , . RACH CCTrC
RACH,
, , .
PRACH. ,
P = 1, u1k = sk , U = S .
(DCH)
DCH
I , M i , P .
(E-DCH)
E-DCH
CCTrC E-DCH, I = 1.
, . . M 1 = 1 .
2 ,
10 .
E-DPDCH
.

160

DCH

DCH

DCH

CCTrC
MUX

PhyCH

PhyCH

PhyCH

PhyCH

PhyCH

PhyCH

TPC 1, TFCI
TPC 2, TFCI
TPC 3, TFCI

. 3.9. DCH

(BCH)
BCH CCTrC
, I = 1,
sk = f1k , S = V1 .
, . . M 1 = 1 .

PRACH, RM1 ,
CCTrC
BCH.
P-CCPCH. , P = 1.
(FACH) (PCH)
I , M i , P .
161

10 .
FACH CCTrC, PCH CCTrC
S-CCPCH, . . P = 1.
PCH

FACH

FACH

BCH

CCTrC

PhyCH

PI

PhyCH

CCTrC

TFCI

PhyCH

. 3.10. FACH, PCH, BCH


. 3.83.10.

3.3.


.
1. . - CCTrC
CCTrC,
, CFN (Connection Frame Number)
CFN mod Fmax = 0 ,
Fmax , ,
CCTrC, ,
162

; CFN
, (
).
, i-
CCTrC
, :
CFN mod Fi = 0 .
2. CCTrC .
3. CCTrC .
SF, . E-DPDCH, SF = 2, SF = 4.
4.
.
5.
, FACH
PCH CCTrC.
,
CCTrC :
CCTrC, ,
DCH,
E-DCH;
CCTrC , , RACH, 163

FACH
PCH, , , BCH.
CCTrC.

:
CCTrC ;
CCTrC ,
DCH,
E-DCH.
CCTrC .

CCTrC
CCTrC .

3.4.

, ,
,
. 25.211.
, UMTS
, 10
15 . 2560 . , (FDD),
3,84 /.
UMTS . , , , ( ) ,
. 3.11.

164

Cch,4,0 =(1, 1, 1, 1)
Cch,2,0 = (1,1)
Cch,4,1 = (1, 1, 1, 1)
Cch,1,0 = (1)
Cch,4,2 = (1, 1, 1, 1)
Cch,2,1 = (1, 1)
Cch,4,3 = (1, 1, 1, 1)
SF = 1

SF = 2

SF = 4

. 3.11.

, ; ,
SF = 256,
256 , 10 . ,
. ,

, .
,
. . , .
, , , ,
.
3.4.1.
.

165

(DPCCH) (DPDCH). . DPCCH, DPDCH . 3.12.


, DPDCH,
k, :
SF = 256/2k.

DPDCH 256 4, 2, k = 06.

. 3.12. DPCCH, DPDCH


DPCCH SF = 256,
, 10
DPCCH.
DPDCH . 3.8.

166

0
1
2
3
4
5
6

3.8
DPDCH

SF


Ndata



()
(/)
15
256
150
10
10
30
128
300
20
20
60
64
600
40
40
120
32
1200
80
80
240
16
2400
160
160
480
8
4800
320
320
960
4
9600
640
640

DPCCH :
Pilot, , , ;
TFCI;
FBI (Feedback Information);
TPC (Transmit
Power Control).
DPCCH . 3.9.
DPCCH,
. , TFCI, ,
,
, , .

167

3.9
DPCCH

(/)

SF

Npilot

NTPC

NTFCI

NFBI

0
0A
0B
1
2
2A
2B
3

15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15

256
256
256
256
256
256
256
256

10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10

6
5
4
8
5
4
3
7

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

2
3
4
0
2
3
4
0

0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1

15
1014
89
815
15
1014
89
815

Pilot : 25.211 . .1 ().


.

. 3.13. E-DPCCH, E-DPDCH

168


E-DPDCH E-DCH.
E-DCH. . 3.13.
E-DPCCH 256, , E-DPCCH
10 .
E-DPDCH
. E-DPDCH . 3.10.

0
1
2
3
4
5

3.10
E-DPDCH
SF

(/)
Ndata
60
64
600
120
40
120
32
1200
240
80
240
16
2400
480
160
480
8
4800
960
320
960
4
9600
1920
640
1920
2
19200
3840
1280

(P-RACH).

P-RACH, ,
RACH.

169

. 3.14. RACH

RACH ALOHA [3].


,
, . 3.14.
5120 , , 15 20 ,
.

. 3.15. RACH

RACH
, 4096 , , 10 20 (. 3.15).

170

256- 16 . 16 (. ).
RACH- 10
15 ,
. 3.16.
20 , 30 .

. 3.16. RACH

, .
256,
8 2
TFCI.
, . 3.11.
3.11
RACH


SF

Ndata,

, /

0
15
256
150
10
10
1
30
128
300
20
20
2
60
64
600
40
40
3
120
32
1200
80
80

171

. 2 .
3.4.2.

, DPCCH
DPDCH.

, ,
, .

. 3.17.

. 3.17.

k
SF = 512/2k.
DPCCH TPC,
TFCI Pilot. , . 3.12. ,
, . , 172


.
3.12

Ndata1 Ndata2 NTPC NTFCI NPilot


0
0A
0B
1
1B
2
2A
2B
3
3A
3B
4
4A
4B
5
5A
5B
6
6A
6B
7
7A
7B
8

15
15
30
15
30
30
30
60
30
30
60
30
30
60
30
30
60
30
30
60
30
30
60
60

7.5
7.5
15
7.5
15
15
15
30
15
15
30
15
15
30
15
15
30
15
15
30
15
15
30
30

512
512
256
512
256
256
256
128
256
256
128
256
256
128
256
256
128
256
256
128
256
256
128
128

10
10
20
10
20
20
20
40
20
20
40
20
20
40
20
20
40
20
20
40
20
20
40
40

0
0
0
0
0
2
2
4
2
2
4
2
2
4
2
2
4
2
2
4
2
2
4
6

4
4
8
2
4
14
14
28
12
10
24
12
12
24
10
8
20
8
8
16
6
4
12
28

2
2
4
2
4
2
2
4
2
2
4
2
2
4
2
2
4
2
2
4
2
2
4
2

0
0
0
2
4
0
0
0
2
4
4
0
0
0
2
4
4
0
0
0
2
4
4
0

4
4
8
4
8
2
2
4
2
2
4
4
4
8
4
4
8
8
8
16
8
8
16
4

15
814
814
15
814
15
814
814
15
814
814
15
814
814
15
814
814
15
814
814
15
814
814
15

173

3.12

8A
8B
9
9A
9B
10
10A
10B
11
11A
11B
12
12A
12B
13
13A
13B
14
14A
14B
15
15A
15B
16
16A

6
12
6
6
12
6
6
12
6
6
12
12
12
24
28
28
56
56
56
112
120
120
240
248
248

60
120
60
60
120
60
60
120
60
60
120
120
120
240
240
240
480
480
480
960
960
960
1920
1920
1920

30
60
30
30
60
30
30
60
30
30
60
60
60
120
120
120
240
240
240
480
480
480
960
960
960

128
64
128
128
64
128
128
64
128
128
64
64
64
32
32
32
16
16
16
8
8
8
4
4
4

40
80
40
40
80
40
40
80
40
40
80
80
80
160
160
160
320
320
320
640
640
640
1280
1280
1280

28
56
26
24
52
24
24
48
22
20
44
48
40
96
112
104
224
232
224
464
488
480
976
1000
992

2
4
2
2
4
2
2
4
2
2
4
4
4
8
4
4
8
8
8
16
8
8
16
8
8

0
0
2
4
4
0
0
0
2
4
4
8*
16*
16*
8*
16*
16*
8*
16*
16*
8*
16*
16*
8*
16*

4
8
4
4
8
8
8
16
8
8
16
8
8
16
8
8
16
16
16
32
16
16
32
16
16

814
814
15
814
814
15
814
814
15
814
814
15
814
814
15
814
814
15
814
814
15
814
814
15
814

TFCI, , ,
, .
174

Pilot . .3 ().

CPICH.
, : 1 + j.
, , , , , , .

SF = 256; ,
30 /. Cch,256,0 .
. 3.18.

. 3.18. CPICH



P-CCPCH SF = 256
BCH
175

30 /.
Cch,256,1 .
. 3.19; 18
, 256
. . .

. 3.19. P-CCPCH



S-CCPCH
FACH PCH,
S-CCPCH, .
TFCI .
. 3.20, . 3.13. ,

,
.

176

. 3.20. S-CCPCH

TFCI, , ,
TFCI , .
Pilot . .4 ().

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

3.13
S-CCPCH

SF

Ndata1 Npilot NTFCI


,
,
/
/
30
15
256
300
20
20
0
0
30
15
256
300
20
12
8
0
30
15
256
300
20
18
0
2
30
15
256
300
20
10
8
2
60
30
128
600
40
40
0
0
60
30
128
600
40
32
8
0
60
30
128
600
40
38
0
2
60
30
128
600
40
30
8
2
120
60
64
1200
80
72
0
8*
120
60
64
1200
80
64
8
8*
240
120
32
2400
160
152
0
8*
240
120
32
2400
160
144
8
8*
480
240
16
4800
320
312
0
8*

177

13
14
15
16
17

480
960
960
1920
1920

240
480
480
960
960

16
8
8
4
4

4800
9600
9600
19200
19200

320
640
640
1280
1280

296
632
616
1272
1256

16
0
16
0
16

8*
8*
8*
8*
8*


P-SCH S-SCH.
, . . () () . 256 (. 3.21).

. 3.21.

(), . (),
, ,
, .
CPSC 16- a:
a = <x1, x2, x3, , x16> =
178

= <1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1>.

:
CPSC = (1 + j) <a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a>,

, .
CSSC, k , ,

.
z, :
z = <b, b, b, b, b, b, b, b, b, b, b, b, b, b, b, b>,

b = <x1, x2, x3, x4, x5, x6, x7, x8, x9, x10, x11, x12, x13, x14, x15, x16>,
x1, x2 , , x15, x16, ,
. hn, [8], H, :
H 0 = (1);
H k 1
H
=
H k k 1
, k 1.
H

H
k 1
k 1
, 0 ( ) 255.
hn(i) z(i) i- hn
z , i = 0, 1, , 255, i = 0
. k- CSSC, k, (k = 1, 2, 3, , 16)
:
CSSC, k = (1 + j) <hm(0) z(0), hm(1) z(1), hm(2) z(2), , hm(255)
z(255)>,
m = 16(k 1), , .
15 (. . .5 ).

179

3.5.

. 3.22. BCH

180

BCH
. 3.22 BCH.
BCH . 246 16
540 .
. , . 2 , 270
( TTI = 20 ). ,
.
P-CCPCH.

.
,
. 3.14 FACH, PCH .
3.14
FACH PCH
PCH
NPCH = 80 240

- FACH1
360

FACH2
168
80BPCH 240BPCH (BPCH = 0, 1)
- PCH
- FACH1
360BFACH1 (BFACH1 = 0, 1)

FACH2
168BFACH2 (BFACH2 = 0, 1, 2)
, R = 1/2
PCH, FACH2

FACH1

TTI
10

1
SF
64

181

. 3.23. FACH PCH

182

. 3.23 FACH, PCH.


S-CCPCH
TFCI.

DCH.
3.24 DCH,
12,2 /. .

. 3.24. DCH
( 12,2 /)

183

3 DCH;
. 3.15.
3.15
DCH ( 12,2 /)

3

- TrCH#a
0, 39 81

TrCH#b
103
TrCH#c
60
TFCS
#1
NTrCHa=181, NTrCHb=1103,
NTrCHc=160
#2
NTrCHa=139, NTrCHb=0103,
NTrCHc=060
#3
NTrCHa=10, NTrCHb=0103,
NTrCHc=060
CRC
12
( TrCh#a)

R = 1/3 TrCh#a, b
R = 1/2 TrCh#c
TTI
20

,
, 12 .
1/3,
1/2. 2 , ,
, .

184


RACH
168 360 (. 3.16).
3.16
RACH

NRACH= 168 360
CRC
16

, R = 1/2
TTI
20
SF
32

16 , 8 ,
1/2. (. 3.25).

. 3.25. RACH

185


. 3.26 DCH. 12,2 /,
.

. 3.26. DCH

DCH , (
. 3.15).

3.6. UMTS
, 25.213 25.101, : , ; , UMTS,
.
186

. 3.17 ,
UMTS ( FDD).
, , . 3.18.
3.17
UMTS ( FDD)

,
,
I
19201980
21102170
II
18501910
19301990
III
17101785
18051880
IV
17101755
21102155
V
824849
869894
VI
830840
875885
VII
25002570
26202690
VIII
880915
925960
IX
1749,91784,9
1844,91879,9
X
17101770
21102170
XI
1427,91447,9
1475,91495,9
XII
698716
728746
XIII
777787
746756
XIV
788798
758768
XV

XVI

XVII

XVIII

XIX
830845
875890
XXI
1447,91462,9
1495,91510,9


200 . (UTRA Absolute Radio Frequen-

187

cy Channel Number, UARFCN) UMTS,



.
3.18


()
I
190
II
80
III
95
IV
400
V
45
VI
45
VII
120
VIII
45
IX
95
X
400
XI
48
XII
30
XIII
31
XIV
30
XIX
45
XXI
48

NU

NU = 5 (FUL FUL_Offset),
FUL, ,

FUL_low FUL FUL_high.
ND
:
ND = 5 (FDL FDL_Offset),
188

FDL
FDL_low FDL FDL_high.
FDL_high, FDL_low, FUL_high, FUL_low,
FUL_Offset, FDL_Offset . 3.19.
3.19




,

()

FUL_Offset, FUL_low FUL_high FDL_Offset, FDL_low FDL_high

I
0
1922,4 1977,6
0
2112,4
2167,6
II
0
1852,4 1907,6
0
1932,4
1987,6
III
1525
1712,4 1782,6
1575
1807,4
1877,6
IV
1450
1712,4 1752,6
1805
2112,4
2152,6
V
0
826,4
846,6
0
871,4
891,6
VI
0
832,4
837,6
0
877,4
882,6
VII
2100
2502,4 2567,6
2175
2622,4
2687,6
VIII
340
882,4
912,6
340
927,4
957,6
IX
0
1752,4 1782,4
0
1847,4
1877,4
X
1135
1712,4 1767,6
1490
2112,4
2167,6
XI
733
1430,4 1445,4
736
1478,4
1493,4
XII
22
700,4
713,6
37
730,4
743,6
XIII
21
779,4
784,6
55
748,4
753,6
XIV
12
790,4
795,6
63
760,4
765,6
XIX
770
832,4
842,6
735
877,4
887,6
XXI
1358
1450,4 1460,4
1326
1498,4
1508,4


; . 3.20

189

, . 3.21
.

II

IV

VI
VII

190

3.20



FUL_Offset,

FDL_Offset,

,

(FUL)
, , (FDL)
1850,1
1852,5; 1857,5;
1850,1
1932,5; 1937,5;
1862,5; 1867,5;
1942,5; 1947,5;
1872,5; 1877,5;
1952,5; 1957,5;
1882,5; 1887,5;
1962,5; 1967,5;
1892,5; 1897,5;
1972,5; 1977,5;
1902,5; 1907,5;
1982,5; 1987,5
1380,1
1712,5; 1717,5;
1735,1
2112,5; 2117,5;
1722,5; 1727,5;
2122,5; 2127,5;
1732,5; 1737,5;
2132,5; 2137,5;
1742,5; 1747,5;
2142,5; 2147,5;
1752,5
2152,5
670,1
826,5; 827,5; 831,5;
670,1
871,5; 872,5;
832,5; 837,5; 842,5
876,5; 877,5;
882,5; 887,5
670,1
832,5; 837,5
670,1
877,5, 882,5
2030,1

2502,5; 2507,5;
2512,5; 2517,5;
2522,5; 2527,5;
2532,5; 2537,5;
2542,5; 2547,5;
2552,5; 2557,5;
2562,5; 2567,5

2105,1

2622,5; 2627,5;
2632,5; 2637,5;
2642,5; 2647,5;
2652,5; 2657,5;
2662,5; 2667,5;
2672,5; 2677,5;
2682,5; 2687,5



FUL_Offset,

,
(FUL)
1075,1
1712,5; 1717,5;
1722,5; 1727,5;
1732,5; 1737,5;
1742,5; 1747,5;
1752,5; 1757,5;
1762,5; 1767,5

XII

XIII
XIV
XIX

39,9

700,5; 701,5; 706,5;


707,5; 712,5; 713,5

11,1
2,1

779,5; 784,5
790,5; 795,5

755,1

832,5; 837,5; 842,5

3.20

FDL_Offset,

, , (FDL)
1430,1
2112,5; 2117,5;
2122,5; 2127,5;
2132,5; 2137,5;
2142,5; 2147,5;
2152,5; 2157,5;
2162,5; 2167,5
730,5; 731,5;
54,9
736,5; 737,5;
742,5; 743,5
64,9
748,5; 753,5
72,9
760,5; 765,5
877,5; 882,5;
720,1
887,5


5 . , UMTS 5 . UMTS
, 19201980
21102170 .
3.21

96129888
1056210838
-

191

II

III

12, 37, 62, 87,


112, 137, 162,
92629538
187, 212, 237,
262, 287
9371288
-

IV

13121513

1662, 1687,
1712, 1737,
1762, 1787,
1812, 1837, 1862

41324233

782, 787, 807,


812, 837, 862

VI

41624188

VII

20122338

VIII
IX

27122863
87628912

28873163

XI

34873562

192

812, 837
2362, 2387,
2412, 2437,
2462, 2487,
2512, 2537,
2562, 2587,
2612, 2637,
2662, 2687
3187, 3212,
3237, 3262,
3287, 3312,
3337, 3362,
3387, 3412,
3437, 3462
-

3.21

412, 437, 462,


487, 512, 537,
96629938
562, 587, 612,
637, 662, 687
11621513
1887, 1912,
1937, 1962,
1987, 2012,
15371738
2037, 2062,
2087
1007, 1012,
43574458
1032, 1037,
1062, 1087
43874413
1037, 1062
2587, 2612,
2637, 2662,
2687, 2712,
2737, 2762,
22372563
2787, 2812,
2837, 2862,
2887, 2912
29373088
92379387
3412, 3437,
3462, 3487,
3512, 3537,
31123388
3562, 3587,
3612, 3637,
3662, 3687
37123787
-

3.21

3702, 3707,
XII

36123678

3732, 3737,

3927, 3932,

38373903

3762, 3767

3957, 3962,
3987, 3992

XIII

37923818

3842, 3867

40174043

4067, 4092

XIV

38923918

3942, 3967

41174143

4167, 4192

XIX

312363

387, 412, 437

712763

787, 812, 837

XXI

462512

862912

3.6.1.

.

DPDCH,
HS-DPCCH, E-DPDCH, E-DPCCH -2, -4. , -2 1
1 , 0 1; DTX 0.
-4 ,

. 3.22.

193

3.22
-4
nk, nk + 1

00

0,4472

01

1,3416

10

0,4472

11

1,3416

, ,

.
, ,
. 3.23.
3.23

DPDCH

HS-DPCCH

E-DPDCH

E-DPCCH


,
, d,i,
.

d
, ,
, 194

SDPCH.
,
,
DPCCH SDPCH (. 3.27).
cd,1

cd,3

DPDCH1

DPDCH3
cd,5

DPDCH5

I+jQ
cd,2

cd,4

cd,6

cc

SDPCH

DPDCH2

DPDCH4

DPDCH6

DPCCH

. 3.27.

195

DPCCH
Cch,256,0.
DPDCH,
cd,1 = Cch,SF,k, SF , k = SF/4. DPDCH,
n- DPDCHn cd,n = Cch,4,k,
k = 1, n {1, 2} ; k = 2, n {5, 6} ; k = 3, n {3, 4}
SF = 4.

PRACH .
clong,1,n , clong,2,n
2 ,

m-, x y,
, 25- :
g1 ( x) = x 25 + x3 + 1 ;
g 2 ( x)= x 25 + x3 + x 2 + x + 1 .

m-
.
n23 , n22 , ..., n0 , n0 . x
n, xn, i-
xn y xn (i ) , y (i ) . m- .
%
=
xn (0) n=
n1 ; ...,=
xn (23) n23 ;=
xn (24) 1;
0 ; xn (1)
196

=
y (0) 1;=
y (1) 1; ..., y=
(23) 1; y=
(24) 1;

%
i 0 225 27
xn (i + 25)= ( xn (i + 3) + xn (i ) ) mod 2 ;

y (i + 25) =

( y (i + 3) + y (i + 2) + y (i + 1) + y (i) ) mod 2 ;

%
i 0 225 2
=
zn (i ) ( xn (i ) + y (i ) ) mod 2 ;

%
i 0 225 2
0;
+1, zn( i) =
Z n (i ) =
1;
1, zn( i) =

,
:
clong,1,n (i ) = Z n (i ) , n = 1, 2, , 2252;
clong,2,n (i ) =
Z n ( (i + 16777232) mod(225 1) ) , n = 1, 2, , 225 2.
, . :

C=
clong,1,n (i ) 1 + j (1)i clong,2,n ( 2 i / 2 ) , i = 1, 2, , 225 2.
long,n (i )

. 3.28.
cshort,1,n , cshort,2,n
S(2),
: 0, 1, 2, 3 4
197

: a(i), b(i), d(i),


n,
, ,
n23 , n22 , ..., n0 .

clong,1,n
LSB

MSB

clong,2,n

. 3.28.

255 S(2)
:
zn (i ) = ( a (i ) + 2b(i ) + 2d (i ) ) mod 4 , i = 0, 1, , 254;

zn (255) = 0 .
a(i) g 0 ( x) = x8 + 3 x5 + x3 + 3 x 2 + 2 x + 3 :

a=
(0)

( 2n0 + 1) mod 4 ;

a (i ) = 2ni mod 4 , i = 1, 2, , 7;
a (i ) = ( 3a (i 3) + a (i 5) + 3a (i 6) + 2a (i 7) + 3a (i 8) ) mod 4 ,
i = 8, 9, , 254.
b(i) d(i)

g1 ( x) = x8 + x 7 + x5 + x + 1,

198


g 2 ( x ) = x 8 + x 7 + x 5 + x 4 + 1:

i 0 7
b(i ) = n8+i mod 2 ;

d (i ) = n16+i mod 2 ;

i 8 254
b(i ) = ( b(i 1) + b(i 3) + b(i 7) + b(i 8) ) mod 2 ;

d (i ) =

( d (i 1) + d (i 3) + d (i 4) + d (i 8) ) mod 2 ;

zn . 3.24.
3.24

zn(i)
cshort,1,n(i)
cshort,2,n(i)
0
+1
+1
1
1
+1
2
1
1
3
+1
1
cshort,1,n cshort,2,n

=
Cshort,n (i ) cshort,1,n (i mod 256) 1 + j (1)i cshort,2,n ( 2 (i mod 256) / 2 ) .


. 3.29.
.
SDPCH ,
38400 . 199

,

.

. 3.29.

:
S DPCH,n (i ) = Clong,n (i ) , i = 0, 1, 2, , 38399,
.

S dpch,n (i ) = Cshort,n (i ) , i = 0, 1, 2, , 38399.

200


PRACH.
,

. -2, 0
1, 1 1.
,
. 3.30, S, ,
, Q-,
I- .

. 3.30. PRACH



d , c , , S r-msg,n , :
S r-msg,
=
Clong,n (i + 4096) , i = 0, 1, 2, ..., 38399 .
n (i )

201

PRACH Csig,s (i ) , 16 16 . s, , . . s 0 15,


:
Csig,s (i ) = Ps (i mod16) , i = 0, 1, 2, ..., 4095 ,
Ps (i ) i- s ; , -, .


PRACH. 8192
, :
S r-pre,n (i ) = clong,1,n (i ) , i = 0, 1, 2, ..., 4095 .
n = 0, 1, , 8191 512 , 16
k = 0, 1, 2, , 15. m,
, . ,
n
PRACH ( S r-msg,n ) 16
=
n 16m + k , k = 0, 1, 2, , 15, m = 0, 1, , 511.

PRACH


Cpre,n ,s (k ) S r-pre,n (k )Csig,s (k ) exp j + k , k = 0, 1, 2, , 4095.
4 2

202

. 3.31.

,
, . 3.31.
, ,
.
3.6.2.

-2, -16 -64.
, , CPICH, P-CCPCH S-CCPCH, DPDCH, DPCCH,
-2 (. 3.32).

,
,
, , , , , I- Q- .
, 0
203

1, 1 1,
0. ,
Cch,SF,m.

. 3.32.


P-CCPCH Cch,256,1. CPICH Cch,256,0.
UTRAN.

,

, , ,
.
,
.
P-SCH, S-SCH.

18
2 1 = 262 143
0262142. , UMTS.
512 , 204

15
.
: n = 16i, i = 0511. i- 16i + k, k = 115.
64 , 8 . j- 168j + 16k, j = 063 k = 07.
. 10 , . .
.
x y.
x (
) 1 + q7 + q18, y 1 + q5 + q7 + q10 + q18.
zn, . , x(i),
y(i) zn(i) i- x, y zn, .
x y
.
:
x(0) = 1, x(1) = x(2) = ... = x(16) = x(17) = 0,
y(0) = y(1) = = y(16) = y(17) = 1.
:
x(i + 18) = x(i + 7) + x(i) mod 2, i = 0, , 218 20,
y(i + 18) = y(i + 10) + y(i + 7) + y(i + 5) + y(i) mod 2,
i = 0, , 218 20.
zn, n = 0, 1, 2, , 218 2, :
205

zn(i) = x((i + n) mod (218 1)) + y(i) mod 2, i = 0, , 218 2.


:
+ 1 zn (i ) = 0;
Z n (i ) =
i = 0, 1, , 218 2.
1 zn (i ) = 1;
,
Sn :
Sn(i) = Zn(i) + j Zn((i + 131072) mod (218 1)), i = 0, 1, , 38399.
. 3.33.

17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10

9 8

7 6

5 4 3

2 1

I
Q
17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10

9 8

7 6

5 4 3

2 1

. 3.33.

,
, , ,
.
206

, . (. 3.34).

. 3.34.

3.7. UMTS

UMTS,
,
. , , , ( -) - ,
207

, ASN.11,
- - , , .

UMTS -
. 3.35.
cos(0t + 0)
x(t)

xc(t)
xs(t)

ik

qk

sin(0t + 0)
. 3.35.

x(t)
( . 3.35 ;
),
xc(t) xs(t). - .
- , .
ASN.1 , , , .
,
.
1

208

d = (d(1), d(2), ),
,
,
(
) ,
.
.
1. P-SCH.
2.
S-SCH.
3.
- P-CPICH.
.
,
X,

. , ,
Fd = 3,840 , 216 . , X
, 16
.

, P-SCH
P-CCPCH,
256 (
2560 )
CPSC. ,
CPSC ,
209

SlotKorr[
=
k]

256

X [n + k + 2560m]C

PSC

[ n] , k = 1, , 2560.

(3.1)

n =1

. 3.36. SlotKorr15

P-SCH ,
, .
. , . .
. SlotKorr :
SlotKorr
=
[k ]
Slots

Slots 1 256

X [n + k + 2560m]CPSC [n] , k = 1, , 2560,

(3.2)

=
m 0=
n 1

Slots .
, Slots = 15.
, . 3.36 SlotKorr15,
15 .

210

S-SCH
P-CCPCH 256 , , P-SCH, . 16 CSSC,k,

TableSSC.

,
( ), , ,
.

=
FrameKorrSlotNum
[k ]

256

X [n + SlotPos[SlotNum]]CSSC,k [n] ,
n =1

k = 1, , 16; SlotNum = 0, , 14,


(3.3)
, SlotNum , SlotPos[SlotNum] SlotNum, . 15 FrameKorrSlotNum A
15 . TableSSC B,
A .
15

DSeq = sign AOffset [k ] BGN [k ] , GN = 1, , 64, Offset = 0, , 14,


k =1

(3.4)
211

AOffset A Offset , GN
TableSSC B, DS = 0
, DS = 15 ,
. GN Offset, DS,
.

, UMTS 512 ,
.
512 64 8 .
. , GN, , , . .
.
- P-CPICH, SF = 256, N = 0
. , ,
- .
:
149 256

KodeKorr[n] =
X [k + 256m]Sdl ,16(8GN +n) [k + 256m] , n = 0, , 7,
m 0=
k 1
=

(3.5)
Sdl,16(8GN + n) n
GN, KodeKorr , Cch,256,0 - 212

1, - 0.
KodeKorr (. 3.37) GN.

. 3. 37. KodeKorr

BCH
. BCH, , ,
, , .
BCH. .
P-CCPCH
BCH
P-CCPCH,
SF = 256 Cch,256,1. P-CCPCH
213

. ,
, P-CCPCH. () ,
. , SF = 256, 256 PCCPCH ( P-SCH S-SCH),
270 . , P-CCPCH :
% P-CCPCH

k 1 38400
FrameChips[k] := X[k+FrameOffset]

k 1 38400
BaseChips[k] := X[k+FrameOffset] Sdl ,16(8GN +n ) [k ]

m 0 14
n 0 9
k 1 256
PosInFrame := k + 256n +2560m
PilotChips[PosInFrame] := BaseChips[PosInFrame] Cch,256,0[k]
DataChips[PosInFrame] := BaseChips[PosInFrame] Cch,256,1[k]

Pos := 1
m 0 14
n 1 9
PilotSample := 0; DataSample := 0
DiBitStartPos := n 256 + m 2560;
k 1 256
214

PilotSample := PilotSample + PilotChips[k + DiBitStartPos]


DataSample := DataSample + DataChips[k + DiBitStartPos]

ConstellationPoint := (1 + j) DataSample / PilotSample


Real(ConstellationPoint) > 0 Point1 := 1
Point1 := 1

Imag(ConstellationPoint) > 0 Point2 := 1


Point2 := 1

bit1 := 2Point1 2; bit2 := 2Point2 2;


OutPut[Pos] := bit1; OutPut[Pos + 1] := bit2; Pos := Pos + 2;


.
,

FrameChips. FrameOffset X, 38400 . BaseChips.
FrameChips
Sdl,16(8GN + n),
.
P-CPICH P-CCPCH BaseChips 10 (
SF = 256) 15 , PilotChips DataChips.
P-CPICH P-CCPCH 215

256
PilotChips DataChips. , , ,
, .
PilotSample DataSample
:
PilotSample = PilotConstellationPoint H,
DataSample = DataConstellationPoint H,
PilotConstellationPoint DataConstellationPoint , , H . , ,
.
, , :
DataConstellationPoint = DataSample
PilotConstellationPoint / PilotSample.
, , PilotConstellationPoint = 1 + j,
DataConstellationPoint = (1 + j) DataSample / PilotSample.

, Real Imag . , Point1 Point2 , bit1 bit2 OutPut.
BCH
BCH
, , , , . . 3.38 BCH, . ,
-

216

.
.

246

CRC

246

16 (CRC)

8 ()


1/2

540

1-

540

270

270

2-

270

270

. 3.38. BCH

. 3.38, BCH P-CCPCH,


, (
, BCH) .
, . .
BCH P-CCPCH: (1, 2),
(2, 3), (3, 4) . .
CRC16, P-CCPCH : , BCH. ,
(1, 2) (2, 3).
2-
270- OutPut. 25.212:
217

vp = OutPut,

( P-CCPCH), . 2- v1 v2 , v1.
v1, ,
I2 9 30 :
v1[1] v1[10] v1[262]
v [2] v [11] v [263]
1
1
,
I2 = 1

v1[9] v1[18] v1[270]


:





0
0
10
2
20
1

1
12
11
13
21
14

2 3 4 5 6
25 6 18 3 15
12 13 14 15 16
24 7 19 4 16
22 23 24 25 26
27 8 20 5 17

7
26
17
29
27
28

8
9
18
10
28
11

9
22
19
21
29
23

u1 I2 :
u1[2] u1[30]
u1[1]
u [31] u [32] u [60]
1
1

I2 = 1

u1[241] u1[242] u1[270]


()
u1 u2 , 270 x u1,
u2.
1- 2- , I1 218

270 . x I1 :
x[271]
x[1]
x[2] x[272]
,
I2 =

x[270] x[540]
h
I2 :
h[2]
h[1]
h[3]
h[4]

.
I2 =

h[539] h[540]
BCH
1/2 (561, 753).

8 ( ). b 270 .

. :
a[1]D 261 + a[2]D 260 + ...
... + a[246]D16 + p[16]D15 + p[15]D14 + ... + p[2]D + p[1] ,

a 246 b, p c 247 262 b. - (. . 3.1)


gCRC16(D) = D16 + D12 + D5 + 1.
,
.

219


1.
CCTrC
DCH, BCH, FACH, PCH.
2. ? ? , , ?
3. ( DTX),
?
4.
CCTrC ,
.
5. ?
?
6.
.
7. ?
8. ,
.
9. UMTS
?
10. -2, -4,
-16 -64? ?

220


1. .. :
. / . . , . . . . :
, 2010. 336 .
2. . . :
GSM : . . . /
. . ,
. . ,
. . ,
. . . . :
, 2006. 256 .
3. . . :
/ . . , . . , . . , . . . . :
, 2003. 272 .
4. . . UMTS. /
. . , . . , . . . . : ,
2008. 224 .
5. . . 3- / . . .
. : , 2000. 208 .
6. . UMTS. , , /
. , . , . , . , . . . :
, 2007. 464 .
7. . . GPRS
GSM : . / . . . . : - . -,
2008. 182 .
8. .
. / . . . : ,
2007. 488 .

221


.1
Pilot DPCCH
Npilot = 3
Npilot = 4
Npilot = 5
Npilot = 6
0 1
2 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 0 1 2 3 4 5
0
1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0
1
0 0
1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0
0 1
2
1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1
0 0
3
1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
1 0
4
1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1
1 1
5
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0
1 1
6
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0
1 0
7
1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0
0 1
8
1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0
1 1
9
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
10 0 1
1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1
11 1 0
1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1
12 1 0
1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0
13 0 0
1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1
14 0 0
1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1
Npilot = 7
Npilot = 8

0
1
2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
0
1
1
1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1
1
0
0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0
0
1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1
2
1
0
0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0
3
1
1
0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1
4
1
1
1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
5
1
1
1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0
6
1
1
0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0
7
1
0
1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0
8
1
1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
9
1
0
1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1
10
1
1
0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1
11
1
1
0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0
12
1
0
0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1
13
1
0
0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1
14
1

222

.2

Pilot RACH

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0

2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

Npilot = 8
4
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

3
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
0

5
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
1

6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

Pilot DPCCH
Npilot = 2


0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

Npilot = 4
(*1)

Npilot = 8
(*2)

7
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
1

.3

Npilot = 16

(*3)

11
00
01
00
10
11
11
10
01
11
01
10
10
00
00

11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11

11
00
01
00
10
11
11
10
01
11
01
10
10
00
00

11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11

11
00
01
00
10
11
11
10
01
11
01
10
10
00
00

11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11

10
10
01
00
01
10
00
00
10
11
01
11
00
11
11

11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11

11
00
01
00
10
11
11
10
01
11
01
10
10
00
00

11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11

10
10
01
00
01
10
00
00
10
11
01
11
00
11
11

11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11

11
11
10
01
11
01
10
10
00
00
11
00
01
00
10

11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11

10
00
00
10
11
01
11
00
11
11
10
10
01
00
01

223

.
Npilot = 4 , 2B 3B.
Npilot = 8 , 0B, 1B, 4B,
5B, 8B 9B.

Npilot = 16 , 6B, 7B,


10B, 11B, 12B 13B

Pilot S-CCPCH
Npilot = 8
Npilot = 16

0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
11 11 11 10 11 11 11 10 11 11 11
1
11 00 11 10 11 00 11 10 11 11 11
2
11 01 11 01 11 01 11 01 11 10 11
3
11 00 11 00 11 00 11 00 11 01 11
4
11 10 11 01 11 10 11 01 11 11 11
5
11 11 11 10 11 11 11 10 11 01 11
6
11 11 11 00 11 11 11 00 11 10 11
7
11 10 11 00 11 10 11 00 11 10 11
8
11 01 11 10 11 01 11 10 11 00 11
9
11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 00 11
10
11 01 11 01 11 01 11 01 11 11 11
11
11 10 11 11 11 10 11 11 11 00 11
12
11 10 11 00 11 10 11 00 11 01 11
13
11 00 11 11 11 00 11 11 11 00 11
14
11 00 11 11 11 00 11 11 11 10 11

.4

7
10
00
00
10
11
01
11
00
11
11
10
10
01
00
01

.5

0
1
2
3
4
5
6

224

0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
2
2
2
3
4

2
2
5
1
3
16
4
11

3
8
16
15
1
6
7
3

4
9
7
5
8
6
4
4


5 6 7 8 9 10 11
10 15 8 10 16 2 7
3 14 16 3 10 5 12
5 12 16 6 11 2 16
6 5 2 5 8 4 4
11 15 5 12 1 15 12
1 5 5 3 6 2 8
10 9 2 11 2 10 12

12
15
14
11
6
16
7
12

13
7
12
15
3
11
6
9

14
16
10
12
7
2
8
3

7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3

1
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
11
12
12
15
16
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
9
10
11
16
3
3

2
6
10
13
8
10
12
14
2
15
9
14
12
15
4
3
5
12
6
8
7
13
9
11
2
9
12
14
5
13
3
15
4
4
6

3
6
10
2
5
9
9
10
15
6
11
4
13
5
3
12
10
3
16
2
9
12
9
7
13
7
15
16
12
4
2
3
5
6
5

4
14
4
14
7
16
9
14
15
16
15
13
14
4
7
11
16
15
12
9
5
12
3
2
3
7
2
5
5
2
13
11
16
11
16

.5

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
9 10 2 13 9 2 5 14 1 13
11 7 13 16 11 13 6 4 1 16
2 6 5 5 13 10 9 1 14 10
2 4 3 8 3 2 6 6 4 5
7 9 15 1 8 16 8 15 2 2
4 13 16 5 1 13 5 12 4 8
1 15 15 8 5 11 4 10 5 4
16 10 7 8 1 10 8 2 16 9
2 13 14 10 11 7 4 5 12 3
7 6 4 16 5 2 12 13 3 14
2 9 10 12 16 8 5 3 15 6
7 2 8 14 2 1 13 11 8 11
14 3 16 7 8 6 2 10 11 13
6 10 13 12 5 14 16 8 2 11
9 13 5 8 2 14 7 4 10 15
11 3 10 11 8 5 13 3 13 8
5 8 3 5 14 12 9 8 9 14
16 3 13 13 6 7 9 2 12 7
15 14 3 14 9 5 5 15 8 12
4 9 11 2 14 5 14 11 16 16
7 15 10 5 2 15 5 13 7 4
12 8 14 15 12 14 5 3 2 15
11 9 4 16 7 16 9 14 14 4
3 12 9 7 16 6 9 16 13 12
16 13 3 12 2 13 12 9 16 6
12 4 10 13 15 13 4 5 5 10
9 2 9 16 11 11 5 7 4 14
2 14 14 8 15 3 9 12 15 9
13 8 11 6 4 6 8 15 15 11
16 8 10 8 13 11 11 16 3 5
6 14 10 15 10 6 7 7 14 3
14 7 11 4 11 14 9 9 7 5
12 13 6 12 14 4 5 13 5 14
9 15 5 9 10 6 4 15 4 10

225

.5

41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63

226

0
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
9
9
9

1
4
4
4
5
6
7
7
8
8
10
13
14
5
6
6
7
9
10
10
13
10
11
12

2
5
9
16
12
4
8
16
7
15
10
11
7
8
11
13
9
6
10
12
15
13
12
10

3
14
16
10
11
10
8
11
15
4
15
5
9
14
7
8
10
8
12
6
15
10
15
15

4
4
10
5
14
6
16
4
4
16
16
4
14
16
10
13
7
10
8
5
14
11
12
13


5 6 7 8
6 12 13 5
4 16 15 3
10 4 9 9
5 11 13 3
5 9 15 4
11 12 4 15
15 3 15 11
8 15 12 3
4 8 7 7
5 4 6 16
12 4 11 6
10 13 8 7
13 6 14 13
8 5 8 7
5 7 7 6
11 6 12 9
9 8 12 5
11 9 7 8
12 8 9 7
8 6 7 16
15 15 9 16
9 13 13 11
14 9 14 15

9
13
5
16
6
15
11
12
16
15
4
6
8
7
12
16
12
11
9
6
8
12
14
11

10
6
10
15
14
5
4
12
4
12
3
5
10
8
12
14
11
10
5
7
7
14
10
11

11
11
5
6
6
16
7
4
16
11
15
3
4
15
10
15
8
11
12
8
13
13
16
13

12
11
15
3
13
16
16
7
12
3
9
14
4
6
6
8
8
12
6
11
14
16
15
12

13
12
6
5
4
9
3
8
11
16
6
13
13
15
9
16
6
7
7
11
5
14
14
16

14
14
6
15
4
10
15
16
11
12
9
12
9
7
11
15
10
7
6
9
16
11
16
10

UMTS

020593 07.08.97

005-93, . 2; 953005

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