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100%

AutoCAD 2006

- 3000

004.92(075)
32.973.2-018.27+30.18515
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.: - 3000,2006. 352 .: . ( 100%).
ISBN 5-94472-031-.
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www.3st.ru
E-mail: post@triumph.ru

ISBN 5-94472-031- '

- 3000, 2006
- 3000, 2006
- 3000, 2006

1.
AutoCAD 2006

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240
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241

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1. AutoCAD 2006

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AutoCAD 2006

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1. AutoCAD 2006

29

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1. AutoCAD 2006

33

Tool Palettes ( )
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Help

35

Info Palette
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1. AutoCAD 2006

37

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AutoCAD 2006
Help provides
complete
information for
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C l i c k t h e links o n
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b r o w s e Help
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Help Files

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The New Features


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AutoCAD 2006

38

Home () .
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Developer Help
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AutoCAD 2006 Help: Developer Documentation ( AutoCAD 2006: ).
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Online Training Resources
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Aytodesk User Group International

. 1.32. Developer Help ( )

1. AutoCAD 2006

39

New Features Workshop ( )


New Features Workshop ( ) Help () New Features Workshop ( ). AutoCAD 2006.

Additional Resources ( )
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AutoCAD 2006

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1. AutoCAD 2006

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1. AutoCAD 2006

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AutoCAD 2006

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X Y 0.


ORTHO
, X, Y. , , , , .
, .

2.

77

, ,
.


ORTHO () .


. , .

,
, . , , X Y. AutoCAD
, X Y; , Y X, .
.

3.


AutoCAD, .
, ,
AutoCAD , ,
, .
:
" , LINE, RECTANGLE, POLYGON,
POINT, CIRCLE ARC;

UNDO REDO.
, . , AutoCAD , , , .


,
. , , .
, .


.
, LINE, 3.1,
. AutoCAD .
(, ), (, , z) , . , AutoCAD Z (
). , .

3.

79

. 3.1. LINE
Draw ()
,
(preview line). , .
3.2 .

. 3.2.

AutoCAD:
Specify first point ( ): ( 1 )
Specify next point or [Undo] ( [Undo]): (
2 )
Specify next point or [Undo] ( [Undo]): (
3 )
LINE
(), Close ().
Specify next point or [Close/Undo] ( [Close/Undo]):
( [(Enter])

80

AutoCAD 2006

LINE () AutoCAD,
.
,
.
( j[Enter]
[[Enter]).
LINE (), ,
LINE ().
AutoCAD .
,
. LINE ()
: Continue (), Close () Undo ().

Continue ()
LINE (),
Specify first point ( ): [[Enter],
AutoCAD
' .
.
,
- . , , , Specify next point ( ): ,
. , ,
, , 3.2,
, 3.3,
Continue () :
Specify first point ( ): (
2,

fEnter] *-830"""""!)

Specify next point or [Undo] ( [Undo]): (


3)
Specify next point or [Undo] ( [Undo]): (
4)
Specify next point or [Close/Undo] ( [Close/Undo]):
( \^\)
, . AutoCAD :
Length of line ( ): ( )
AutoCAD Specify next point ( ):.

3.

81

LIME Specify first point:


Specify next point or [Undo]:
155 133S. 333 5467,0.0000

] SNAR GRID: OR

. 3.3. Continue () LINE

Close ()
, , Close (),
. AutoCAD ,
Specify next point ( ):
Close ()
.
Close () AutoCAD .
,
LINE ( ) Command
():.
Close (), 3.4.
Command (): line
Specify first point ( ): ( 1)
Specify next point or [Undo] ( [Undo]): (
2)
Specify next point or [Undo] ( [Undo]): (
3)
Specify next point or [Close/Undo] ( [Close/Undo]):
( 4)
Specify next point or [Close/Undo] ( [Close/Undo]):
( 5)
.

AutoCAD 20:<i

82

Specify next point or [Close/Undo] ( [Close/Undo]):


( 6)
Specify next point or [Close/Undo] ( [Close/Undo]):
( Close () )

5
. 6 | . . . 4

::::^

Enter

Recent Input
Close
Undo

\ ?

]\/

Cancel

Snap Overrides

<<2

/ 1

t | Pan
Qf Zoom
g

QuickCalc

. 3.4. Close () LINE

Undo ()
, ,
,
, LINE () Undo (). , , Specify next point ( ): Undo () . 1
Undo () ;
. LINE ()
, Undo () LINE () .
Undo (), 3.5.
Command (): line
Specify first point ( ): ( 1)
Specify next point or [Undo] ( [Undo]): (
2)

3.

83

Specify next point or [Undo] ( [Undo]): (


3)
Specify next point or [Close/Undo] ( [Close/Undo]):
( 4)
Specify next point or [Close/Undo] ( [Close/Undo]):
( 5)
Specify next point or [Close/Undo] ( [Close/Undo]):
( Undo () )
Specify next point or [Close/Undo] ( [Close/Undo]):
( Undo () )
Specify next point or [Close/Undo] ( [Close/Undo]):
( 4)
Specify next point or [Close/Undo] ( [Close/Undo]):
( 5)
Specify next point or [Close/Undo] ( [Close/Undo]):
( [[Enter])

Undo ()

Enter
Cancel
Recent Input

fy next poM or ]

Close

Snap Overrides

. .5. Undo () LINE


,
X Y, RECTANGLE, 3.6.

84

AutoCAD 2006

. 3.6. RECTANGLE ()
Draw ()
AutoCAD:
Command (): rectangle
Specify first corner point or [Chamfer/Elevation/Fille^hickness/Width] ( [Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width]): ( , ,
)
Specify other corner point or [Dimensions] ( [Dimensions]): ( , , Dimensions () )

Chamfer ()
Chamfer () .
CHAMFER ()
.

Elevation ()
Elevation () .

Fillet ()
Fillet () . FILLET ()
.

3.

85

Thickness ()
Thickness () .
,
. Thickness ()
AutoCAD.

Width ()
Width () .
0,0.

Dimensions ()
Dimensions () ,
. Dimensions (), AutoCAD
:
Specify length for rectangles <default> ( < >): ( )
Specify width for rectangles <default> ( < >): ( )
Specify other corner point or [Dimensions] ( [Dimensions]): ( , )


POLYGON (. 3.7) ( )
.
: Inscribed in Circle ( ), Circumscribed
about Circle ( ) Edge ().
3 ( ) 1024.

. 3.7. POLYGON
Draw ()

AutoCAD 2006

86

Inscribed in Circle ( )
Inscribed in Circle ( ) , , , (
), :
Command (): polygon
Enter number of sides <default> ( < >): 6
( JiEnterjj

Specify center of polygon or [Edge] ( [Edge]): 3,3


( JEnter])

Enter an option [Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle] (


[Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle]): ( Inscribed in
Circle ( ) )
Specify radius of circle ( ): 2 ( JEnterJ)
AutoCAD , 3.8,
3,3,
2 .
,
. , AutoCAD , .

. 3.8. ,
Inscribed in Circle ( )

3.

87

Circumscribed about Circle


( )
Circumscribed about Circle ( ) , , ,
( ), :
Command (): polygon Enter number of sides <default> ( < >): 8

( ^'\)
Specify center of polygon or [Edge] ( [Edge]): 3,3
( jJE"ter]j
Enter an option [Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle] (
[Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle]): ( Circumscribed
about Circle ( ) )
Specify radius of circle ( ): 2 ( \^)
AutoCAD , 3.9,
3,3,
2 .

. 3.9. ,
Circumscribed about Circle ( )

8i8

AutoCAD 2006

Edge ()
Edge () ,
, :
Command (): polygon
Enter number of sides <default> ( < ) : 7
( j[Enter])
Specify center of poligon or [Edge] ( [Edge]):e
( lfEnter|j
Specify first endpoint of edge ( ): 1,1 ( I (Enter |)
Specify second endpoint of edge ( ): 3,1
(

\\^\)

AutoCAD , 3.10,
, .

. 3.10. ,
Edge ()


POINT (), 3.11,
,
(pen down). ,

3.

89

. , Object Snap ( ), .

. 3.11. POINT Draw ()


, .
Command (): point
Point (): ( )


, (+), BLIPMODE ON (
OFF). REDRAW (),
(.). , , +, , 0
, PDMODE , . 3.12.

Point Size:

Set Size Relative to Screen


Set Size in Absolute Units
OK

j |

Cancel

||

Help

Puc. 3.12. Point Style ( )

AutoCAD 2006

90

PDMODE pdmode Command (): .


Point Style ( ) Point Style ( ) Format ().
PDMODE , , . PDMODE , .
PDMODE , , , PDSIZE. Point Style ( ).
PDSIZE (
). , , , .


,
CIRCLE ARC.


CIRCLE, 3.13,
: Center-Radius (-) ( ), Center-Diameter (-), Three-Point ( ), Two-Point ( )
Tangent, Tangent, Radius (, , - TTR).

. 3.13. CIRCLE ()
Draw ()

3.

91

Center-Radius (-)
Center-Radius (-) , . Center-Radius
(-), , CIRCLE () , :
Command (): circle
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)] ( [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]): 2,2 ( |[Entor]j
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] ( [Diameter]): 1
( |;Enter|j
AutoCAD , 1 ,
2,2, 3.14.

. 3.14. , Center-Radius
(-), CIRCLE no
, 3.15:
Command (): circle
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)] ( [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]): 2,2 ( pnterjj
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] ( [Diameter]):
3,2 ( [[Enter])

AutoCAD 2006

92

. 3.15. ,
Center-Radius (-),
AutoCAD 2,2 ,
.

Center-Diameter (-)
Center-Diameter (-) , , :
Command (): circle
Specify center point for circle or [/21 (tan tan radius)] ( [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]): 2,2 ( |[Ente7|)
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] ( [Diameter]):
( Diameter ())
Specify diameter of circle ( ): 2 (
(jinterjj
AutoCAD 2,2 2 , 3.16.

3.

93

. 3.16. ,
Center-Diameter (-)

Three-Point ( )
Three-Point ( ) , , , :
Command (): circle
Specify center point for circle or [/2 (tan tan radius)] ( [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]): (
(3 ))
Specify first point on circle ( ): 2,1 ( [[Enter];
^
Specify second point on circle ( ): 3,2 (
[[Enter] j
Specify third point on circle ( ): 2,3 ( [(Enter] j

(3 ) , .

AutoCAD - 2,1, 3,2 2,3,


3.17.

AutoCAD 2006

94

. 3.17. ,
Three-Point ( )

Two-Point ( )
Two-Point ( ) , :
Command (); circle

'

Specify center point for circle or [/2 (tan tan radius)] ( [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]): ( 2
(2 ))
Specify first end point of circle's diameter (
): 1, 2 ( | E r | t e r lj
Specify second end point of circle's diameter ( ): 3,2 (

^)

2 (2 ) , .

AutoCAD ,
1,2 3,2, 3.18.

3.

95

. 3.18. ,
Two-Point ( )

Tangent, Tangent, Radius


(, , - TTR)
Tangent, Tangent, Radius (, , - TTR) , (, ),
, :
Command (): circle
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)] ( [12\ (tan tan radius)]): (
Ttr (tan tan radius) (, , ))
Specify point on object for first tangent of circle ( ): ( )
Specify point on object for second tangent of circle (
): ( )
Specify radius of circle ( ): 2 ( j!Enter|;
AutoCAD , ,
2 , 3.19.

AutoCAD 2006

96

)
/

3(

~\

,...,., t> x

/
/

. 3.19. ,
Tangent, Tangent, Radius (, , )
, . , ,
AutoCAD , .

, /,
, .


ARC, 3.20, :

%/ ;
/ .

3.

97

. 3.20. ARC
Draw ()

Three Points ( )
(, , )
Three Points ( ) :

Three-Point ( );

Start, Center, End (, , ) (S, , );

Center, Start, End (, , ) (, S, ).

Three-Point ( )
Three-Point ( ) ( ) ,
, . , , - . ThreePoint ( ) , ,
:
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] ( [Center]):
#1,2 ( [[Enter|j
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End] ( [Center/End]): #2,1 ( [fenterjj
Specify end point of arc ( ): #3,2 (
IJEnterjj
AutoCAD 1,2, 2,1 3,2,
3.21.
4-629

AutoCAD 2006

98

. 3.21. ,
ARC: Three Points ( )
Start, Center, End (, , ) (S, , )
Start, Center, End (, , ) (S, , ) ,
. , , , :
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] ( [Center]):
#1,2 ( IjEnterjj
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End] ( [Center/End]): ( Center () )
Specify center point of arc ( ): #2,2 ( pnter|j
Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length] (
[Angle/chord Length]): #2,3 ( \["\)
AutoCAD 1,2,
2,2 2,3, 3.22.
, ,

.
. ,
,
, , .

3.

99

. 3,22. ,
Start, Center, End (, , ) (S, , )
Center, Start, End (, , ) (, S, )
Center, Start, End (, , ) (, S, ) Start,
Center, End (, , ) (S, , ) ,
, .

Two Points and an Included Angle or Starting Direction


( )
Two Points and an Included Angle
or Starting Direction ( ) :

Start, Center, Angle (, , ) (S, , );

Center, Start, Angle (, , ) (, S, );

Start, End, Angle (, , ) (S, , );

Start, End, Direction (, , ) (S, E, D).

Start, Center, Angle (, , ) (S, , )


Start, Center, Angle (, , ) , Start, Center, End (, , ), ,
. ,
, ; .

AutoCAD 2006

100
Command (): arc

Specify start point of arc or [Center] ( [Center]):


#1,2 ( j|Enter[j
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End] ( [Center/End]): ( Center () )
Specify center point of arc ( ): #2,2 ( jiEnter|j
Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length] (
[Angle/chord Length]): ( Angle () )
<

Specify Included Angle ( ): 270 ( |

AutoCAD , 1,2,
2,2 , 270 ,
3.23.

. 3.23. ,
Start, Center, Angle (, , ) (S, , )

(Included
Angle) ,
, AutoCAD
(270 ) .

3.

101

Center, Start, Angle (, , ) (, S, )


Centerc, Start, Angle (, , ) Start, Center,
Angle (, , ) , , .
Start, End, Angle (, , ) (S, , )
Start, End, Angle (, , ) , ,
Start, Center, Angle (, , ),
,
. ,
, ; .
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] ( [Center]):
#3,2 ( [JEntejJ
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End] ( [Center/End]): ( End () )
Specify end point of arc ( ): #2,3 ( \^)
Specify center point of arc or [Angle/Direction/Radius] (
[Angle/Direction/Radius]): ( Angle () )
Specify included angle ( ): 90 ( jfEnter]^
AutoCAD , 3,2,
2,3 , 90 , 3.24.

. 3.24. ,
Start, End, Angle (, , )

AutoCAD 2006

102

, 3.25,
:
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] ( [Center]):
#3,2 ( [[Enter]]
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End] ( [Center/End]): ( End () )
Specify end point of arc ( ): #2,3 (
Specify center point of arc or [Angle/Direction/Radius] (
[Angle/Direction/Radius]): ( Angle () )
Specify included angle ( ): -270 ( j|Enter| j

. 3.25. ,
Start, End, Angle (, , )
Start, End, Direction (, , ) (S, , D)
Start, End, Direction (, , )
, ,
. , , . , AutoCAD .

3.

103

Command (): arc


Specify start point of arc or [Center] ( [Center]):
#3,2 ( )
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End] ( [Center/End]): ( End () )
.Specify end point of arc ( ): #2,3 (

Specify center point of arc or [Angle/Direction/Radius] (


[Angle/Direction/Radius]): ( Direction ()
)
Specify tangent direction for the start point of arc ( ): 90 ( lf"

Enter

AutoCAD , 3,2,
2,3 , 90 ,
3.26.

. 3.26. ,
Start, End, Direction (, , ) (S, E, D)

Two Points and a Length of Chord or Radius


( )
Two Points and a Length of Chord or
Radius ( ) :

Start, Center, Length of Chord (, , ) (S, , L);

Center, Start, Length of Chord (, , ) (, S, L);

Start, End, Radius (, , ) (S, E, R).

AutoCAD 2006

104

Start, Center, Length of Chord (, , ) (S, , L)


Start, Center, Length of Chord (, , )
. ,
( ):
. ,
, . AutoCAD , ; .
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] ( [Center]):
#1,2 (

^)

Specify second point of arc or [Center/End] ( [Center/End]): ( Center () )


Specify center point of arc ( ): #2,2 ( ||Enter|j
Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length] (
[Angle/chord Length]): ( Length () )
Specify length of chord ( ): 1,4142 ( ||Enter| j
AutoCAD , 1,2,
2,2 , 1,4142,
3.27.

. 3.27. ,
Start, Center, Length of Chord (, , ) (S, , L)

3.

105

.
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] ( [Center]):
#1,2 ( [[Enter])
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End] ( [Center/End]): ( Center () )
Specify center point of arc ( ): #2,2 ( !i

Enter

]j

Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length] (


[Angle/chord Length]): ( Length () )
nier

Specify length of chord ( ): -1,4142 ( \[^ \)


AutoCAD , 1,2,
2,2 , -1,4142,
3.28.

. 3.28. ,
Start, Center, Length of Chord (, , ) (S, , L)
Center, Start, Length (, , ) (, S, L)
Center, Start, Length (, , ) Start, Center,
Length (, , ) ,
, .

AutoCAD 2006

106
Start, End, Radius (, , )

Start, End, Radius (, , ) ,


. , , : . , , ,
. AutoCAD ; , :
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] ( [Center]):
#1,2 ( jJEnter)^

Specify second point of arc or [Center/End] ( [Center/End]): ( End () )


Specify end point of arc ( ): #2,3 (
[|Enter|j
Specify center point of arc or [Angle/Direction/Radius] (
[Angle/Direction/Radius]): ( Radius ()
)
Specify radius of arc ( ): -1 (
AutoCAD , 1,2,
2,3 , -1 , 3.29.

. 3.29. ,
Start, End, Radius (, , ) (S, E, R)

3.

107

:
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] ( [Center]):
#2,3 ( pnterjj
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End] ( [Center/End]): ( End () )
Specify end point of arc ( ): #1,2 (
jinterh
Specify center point of arc or [Angle/Direction/Radius] (
[Angle/Direction/Radius]): ( Radius ()
)
Specify radius of arc ( ): 1 (

^ ^ \)

AutoCAD ,
2,3, 1,2 , 1 ,
3.30.

. 3.30. ,
Start, End, Radius (, , ) (S, E, R)

AutoCAD 2006

108

Line-Arc and Arc-Arc Continuation


( - -)
Start Point, End point,
Starting Direction ( , , ),
[lEnter| ARC.
[[Enter] ,
. AutoCAD
( , ) . AutoCAD .
.
2,1, 3,2, 1. ,
90 , 3.31.

. 3.31. , (2,1),
(3,2) , 1,0

( 3.31), 3.32 ( Arc-Arc Continuation (
-)).
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] ( [Center]):
( [[enterjj
Specify end point of arc ( ): #2,3 (

, 3.31, 3,2 2,1 (. 3.33).

3.

109

. 3.32. ,
Arc-Arc Continuation ( -)

. 3.33. ,
(3,2) (2,1)
Start
Point, End point, Starting Direction ( , , ), 3.34.
Command (): arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center] ( [Center]):
( jfenterj)
Specify end point of arc ( ): #2,3

AutoCAD 2006

110

. 3.34. ,
Start Point Endpoint, Starting Direction
( , , )
180 .
, , 4,1 2,1.

. , ,
, AutoCAD
. , .


UNDO , . REDO , UNDO.

Undo ()

, Undo ()
Standard (), 3.35.

3.
insert
. ''

""'.

Fgrmat loots Qraw


': "'

'

111
Express

tjodfy
.,..,.;i

.gfc

Bjtaye.

PMC. 3.55. UNDO Standard ()


, , Undo () Standard (), 3.36. ,
, . ,
.
raw

Dimension Modify

Window

Heip Expres

. 3.36. UNDO
Standard ()

Redo ()
, Redo () Standard (), 3.37.
, UNDO ()
REDO ().

Draw

Dimension Modify

Wind<

. 3.37. REDO
Standard ()

AutoCAD 2006

112

, , Redo () Standard (), 3.38. ,


, . , .

ension

Modify

Window

Help

Express

[Erase
Redo 1 command

. 3.38. REDO ()
Standard ()

REDO ()
, UNDO () UNDO ().

4.

, AutoCAD.
,
.
:

Modify () - ERASE
(), MOVE (), COPY (), ROTATE () SCALE
().


AutoCAD
.
. AutoCAD , ,
BREAK (), DIVIDE () MEASURE ().
FILLET () CHAMBER () AutoCAD . DIST () ID ( )
AutoCAD , AREA ()
AutoCAD , . AutoCAD .
, , (selection set).
. : Window (), Crossing (), Window Polygon
( ) (WP), Crossing Polygon ( ) (), Fence ( ); Previous (), Last (),
Single () (). Add (), Remove () Undo ().
,
AutoCAD :
Select objects ( ):
AutoCAD ,
(Pickbox).
-. ,
,
. ,
. ,

AutoCAD 2006

114

, , Select objects (
): . , ,
Select objects ( ): pnter|.
, . , , .
, ^ , Select objects ( ):.
, .
, ,
[[Enter] .

Window ()
Window () , .
Select objects ( ):, . AutoCAD :
Specify opposite corner ( ): ( )
,
. , . , . 4.1
, , .


Window ()
. 4.1. Window ()

4.

115

Crossing ()
Crossing () ,
, ,
. Select Objects (
): . AutoCAD :
Specify opposite corner ( ): ( )
4.2 , .


Crossing ()

. 4.2. Crossing ()

Window Polygon
( )
Window Polygon ( ) Window (),
, .
, .
- .
, . ,
, , pnter]. , .
Window Polygon ( ), Select Objects ( ): wp fEnterj. Undo () .

116

AutoCAD 2006

Crossing Polygon
( )
Crossing Polygon ( ) Window
Polygon ( ), ,
. , .
Crossing Polygon ( ),
Select Objects ( ):
j|Enter|. Undo ()
.

Fence ( )
Fence ( ) Crossing Polygon (
) ,
. ,
. Window Polygon (
) Crossing Polygon ( ), .
Fence ( ) Select Objects ( ): f iJEntgr].

Previous ()
Previous ()
. AutoCAD Previous
(). ,
-, COPY () Select Objects ( ): ,
. ( SELECT (), , ; Previous (),
.
Previous () Select Objects
( ): [[Enter].

Last ()
Last () - ,
. , , Last ().

4.

117

Last () Select Objects (


): I (, 1) [

()
() , . Remove
() () .
(), Select Objects ( ): all j[Enter).
All () (all), , .


Multiple ()
Multiple ()
, . AutoCAD
, . - Multiple (), , , AutoCAD
.

. Window (). ,
, AutoCAD , , , . Multiple ()
AutoCAD , .
, Crossing (). , Multiple ()
.
Multiple (), Select
Objects ( ): m |[|.


Undo () ()
, Select Objects ( ):,
. , Last
() , Undo () , Last ().

118

AutoCAD 2006

Undo (), Select Objects ( ): ^ ] .


Add () Remove
(),
.
Add (), Select Objects
( ): jfEnterf.


Remove () .
Select Objects ( ): Add ().
Remove () Add () . , , .
, Add ().
Remove (), Select Objects ( ): |[Enier|.

()
Single ()
. , . AutoCAD ,
; , ,
.
Single (), Select
Objects ( ): s [[Enter].


BOX () , , 2 .
, BOX () Crossing (). BOX () Window ().

4.

119

Auto ()
AUto () , Box , , .
: . , Box ().
AutoCAD , : Noun/verb
selection ( /), Use Shift to add to
selection ( Shift
), Press and drag ( ). Implied windowing
( ) Object grouping ( ).


AutoCAD ,
.


ERASE (), 4.3, , . , AutoCAD
. , , , .

] 0\ * -/ U *
. 4.3. ERASE ()
Modify ()
. |[Enter| ( ) Select Objects ( ):, ERASE ().
. ERASE ().
Command (): erase
Select Objects ( ): ( Window (), 4.4)
Select Objects ( ): ( [[Enter])

AutoCAD 2006

120
AutoCAD .

|.npeclfy opposite

' Window ()
. 4.4 ERASE ()


OOPS . , ERASE,
. OOPS ;
. , ERASE.
, ERASE, OOPS:
Command (): oops { |[1|)
AutoCAD , ERASE.


MOVE, 4.5 , .
Modify

J.

ED DX -/- -/

--

. 4.5. MOVE Modify ()


, AutoCAD . ,

4.

121

AutoCAD , .
, , |[Enter]; AutoCAD
(0,0,0). , 4.6, MOVE:
Command (): move
Select Objects ( ): ( Window (), 4.6)
Select Objects ( ): (
Specify base point or displacement ( ): ( )
Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as displacemenb (
< >):
( , )

Window ()

|-npecify opposite

. 4.6. MOVE ()
AutoCAD
,
/ .


COPY (. 4.7) , .
, .

AutoCAD 2006

122

.
. 4.8 COPY:
Command ():
Select Objects ( ): ( Crossing (), 4.8)
Select Objects ( ): {
Specify base point or displacement, or [Multiple] ( , [Multiple]): ( )
Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as displacement (
< >):
( , )

Specify second point of displacement ( ): (


[fenterj )
Modify

0W-- -/ *

||

. 4.7. COPY Modify ()

/ /

[5pe<:ify opposite corner:

/ Crossing
. 4.8. COPY
AutoCAD , , , / .

4.

123

. , 1,1 3,4 , , 2
X 3 Y. , 0,0, - 2,3. , 4.6 4.8, , ,
@24<0 .

, , X
Y .
, (Specify
base point or displacement ( )). (Specify second point of
displacement or <use first point as displacement (
<
>)) . AutoCAD (0,0,0) .
.

2,3, , , j|Enter|.
,
(0,0,0), 2,3. , ,
-2,-3,
|[|.


ROTATE (), 4.9, , ,
(base point). , ,
. , .

G\ -h -/ --
. 4.9. ROTATE ()
Modify ()

AutoCAD 2006

124

. ,
. 4.10
ROTATE ().
Command (): rotate
Select Objects ( ): ( Window (), 4.10)
Select Objects ( ): ( |)
Specify base point ( ): ( )
Specify rotation angle or [Reference] ( [Reference]): 270
AutoCAD
.


Window ()

pfoecify

270
. 4.10. ROTATE ()


, Reference ().
AutoCAD,
, . AutoCAD . , .

4.

125


SCALE, 4.11,
. ;
X, Y Z. , , 1. , , 3, . , , 0 1.
. , , 0,75, .
Modify

. 4.11. SCALE ()
Modify ()
.
, (anchor point)
. . ,
4.12, SCALE.


Window ()
. 4.12. SCALE ()
Command (): scale
Select Objects ( ): ( Window (), 4.12)

126

AutoCAD 2006
Select Objects ( ): ( [[Enter j)
.

Specify base point or displacement ( ): ( )


Specify scale factor or [Reference] (
[Reference]): 1,5
AutoCAD ,
.


Reference () .
,
. AutoCAD
.

5.

, , . , . , . AutoCAD
, ,
.
.
, :

,
, ;


, . AutoCAD .
, , , . , , . ,
AutoCAD , , .
AutoCAD , . Multiline Text ( ), Single Line Text ( ), Edit Text (
), Find, Replace, Select and Zoom text (, , ), Text Style ( ), Scale Text ( ),
Justify Text ( ) Convert distances or heights between
spaces ( ), 5.1.

128

AutoCAD 2006
EE1
A-
AI--
' g.
--
!--
JH-
- .
-

. 5.1. Text ()


Single Line Text ( ) ,
.
, , DTEXT,
Single Line Text ( ) Text (),
5.2. :
Command (): dtext
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style] (
[Justify/Style]): ( )
Tent

_xj

I Single Line Text [

. 5.2. Single Line Text


DTEXT ( ) Text ()


. . , . AutoCAD :
Specify height <default> ( < ): (
)
.
, , , , .
:
Specify rotation angle of text <default> ( <
): ( )

5.

129

0
( , 3 , ,
). , ,
, ,
. 0 ,
. :
Enter text ( ): ( i[ Enter |J
, .
jJEnterJ, ,
, , . , .
|enter|
Enter text ( ):, .
, ,
, ,
5.3.
Command (): dtext
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style] (
[Justify/Style]): ( , 5.3)
Specify height <default> ( < >): .25
Specify rotation angle of text ( ): ( j [Enter])
Enter text ( ): Sample Text Left Justified
Enter text ( ): ( |JEnter|)
Fie Edt View Insert Format Tools Draw Dimension Modify Window Help Express

H j & =3 &

Q 6 S f;

4 A

Sample Text Left Justified


\

. 5.3. DTEXT ,
,
5-629

AutoCAD 2006

130


? 2,
, ..
. .
, , 48' 24',
1/2" = -0'. ,
1/4".
, 1/4",
, , , .
, , , , , . , 1/2" = -0', ,
1/4". 1/4"
. 1/2" 12" , 1/4" 6" ,
6", 1/2" = -0' 1/4".
. 5.1
,
.
. 5.1. ,

6"

3/32"

1/8"

3/16"

1/4"

5/16"

3/8"

1/2"

5/8"

1/16" =
-0"

192

12"

18"

24"

36"

48"

60"

66"

96"

120

1/8" =1'-0"

96

6"

9"

12"

18"

24"

30"

36"

48"

60"

3/16" =-0"

64

4"

6"

8"

12"

16"

20"

24"

32"

40'

1/4" =1'-0"

48

3"

4,5"

6"

9"

12"

15"

18"

24"

30"

3/8" =1'-0"

32

2"

3"

4"

6"

8"

10"

12"

16"

20"

1/2"=1'-0"

24

1,5"

2,25"

3"

4,5"

6"

7,5"

9"

12"

15"

3/4" =1'-0"

16

1"

1,5"

2"

3"

4"

5"

6"

8"

10"

1" =1'-0"

12

0,75"

1,13"

1,5"

2,25"

3"

3,75"

4,5"

6"

7,5"

1 1/2"=1'-0"

0,5"

0,75"

1"

1,5"

2"

2,5"

3"

4"

5"

3" =1'-0"

0,25"

0,375"

0,5"

0,75"

1"

1,25"

1,5"

2"

2,5"

1" = 10'

120

7,5"

11,25"

15"

22,5"

30"

37,5"

45"

60"

75"

1" = 20'

240

15"

22,5"

30"

45"

60"

75"

90"

120"

150"

5.

131

1/16"

1/8"

3/16"

1/4"

5/16"

3/8"

1/2"

5/8"

1" 30'

360

22,5"

33,75"

45"

67,5"

90"

112,5"

135"

180"

225"

1" = 40'

480

30"

45"

60"

90"

120"

150"

180"

240"

300"

1" = 50'

600

37,5"

56,25"

75"

112,5"

150"

187,5"

225"

300"

375"

= 60'

720

45"

67,5"

90"

135"

180"

225"

270"

360"

450"

= 70'

840

52,5"

78,75"

105"

157,5"

210"

262,5"

315"

420"

525"

1" = 80'

960

60"

90"

120"

180"

240"

300"

360"

480"

600"

1"=90'

1080

67,5"

101,25"

135"

202,5"

270"

337,5"

40:5"

540"

675"

1" = 100'

1200

75"

112,5"

150"

225"

300"

375"

450"

600"

750"

3/32"


Justify () 14 . AutoCAD
:
Enter
an
option
(
)
[Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/
TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR] (
,
Justify ())
Center ( ) .
- , . , , g, q , . . , [[inter] TEXT.
, , , 5.4.
Command (): dtext
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style] (
[Justify/Style]): ( Justify () )
Enter an option [Align/Fit/Center/Middle/RightLCR/MLMC/MR/BL/BC/ BR] ( [Alig/Fit/Ceter/Middle/RightL/TCFUMC/MR/BL/ BC/BR]): ( Center ( ) )
Specify central point of text ( ]:
Specify height <default> ( < >): .25
Specify rotation angle of text ( ): 0
Enter text ( ): Sample Text Center Justified

AutoCAD 2006

132
Enter option
Align
Fit

Ii

Middle h i

Right

TL
TC
TR

Sample Text Center Justifie

Ml

/
/

MR
BL

6R

. 5.4. DTEXT
( ),
( )
( )
Middle ( ) , ,
, , 5.4, .
Right ( )
( ), 5.4.
, .
.
Align () , . AutoCAD , .
.
.
,
Align (), 5.5.
Command (): dtext
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style] (
[Justify/Style]): ( Justify () )
Enter an option [/11/1/1111/1)1/1//'//1/ BR] ( [Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Righ^LATC^F^LyMC/MR/BL/ BC/BR]): ( Align () )
Specify first endpoint of text baseline ( ): ( )
Specify second endpoint of text baseline (
): ( )
Enter text ( ): Sample Text Aligned

5.

133

^Sample. Text. Aligned'


. 5.5. Align ()
Fit () DTEXT
Fit () Align (), Fit () AutoCAD , , .
,
Fit (), 5.5.
Command (): dtext
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style] (
[Justify/Style]): ( Justify () )'
Enter an option [/11/1/!1/11/1/1-//// BR] (-

[\$1?\\91\1\{11\111 BC/BR]): ( Fit () )


Specify first endpoint of text baseline ( ): ( )
Specify second endpoint of text baseline (
): ( )
Specify height <default> ( < >): 0.25
Enter text ( ): Sample Text Fit
, , :
TL - top left ( );
- top center ( );
TR - top right ( );
ML - middle left ( );

134

AutoCAD 2006

MC - middle center ( );
MR - middle right ( );
BL - bottom left ( );
- bottom center ( );
BR - bottom right ( ).


AutoCAD
. AutoCAD , , , ,
. Standard () . Style (), .

-
, ; , . ,
, . ,
. ,
, , Multiline Text ( ) Text (), 5.6. AutoCAD:
Command (): mtext
Specify first corner ( ): ( )
Specify opposite corner or [Height/Justify/Line spacing/Rotation/Style/Width] (
[Height/Justify/Line spacing/ Rotation/ Style/Width]):
(
)
Text

[Multiline Text..|
. 5.6. Text ()
, , AutoCAD
, ,

5.

135

abc, , .
AutoCAD Text Formatting
( ) / (Multiline Text Editor - ), 5.7,5.8.

lent Formatting

vjg.5

v|

/ lU
/ | ; 11*10000 , ih.oooo

. 5.7. Text Formatting ( ),


/


/

. 5.8.
/
Multiline Text Editor ( )
.
ASCII RTF.
, , . ,
.
.

136

AutoCAD 2006

,
.
, , ,
, , ,
, .
. -
, , .
, .
Multiline Text Editor ( ) Text Formatting ( ) .

Text Formatting ( )
Text Formatting ( ),
, , 5.7,
, . ,
Multiline Text Editor ( ) , , .
, Text Formatting ( ), 5.7,
: Style (), Font (), Text Height ( ), Bold (), Italic (), Underline (), Undo (), Redo (),
Stack ( ) Text Color ( ).
V

Style () . , AutoCAD , ,
, , . , , .

Font ()
. TrueType SHX.

*^ Height () . . , Height (). .


, AutoCAD .
, , .
^

Bold () . Bold ()
, TrueType.

5.

137

Italic () . Italic () , TrueType.

Underline ()
.

v' Undo () Multiline Text Editor ( ), .

Redo ()
Undo ().

Stack ( )
. Stack ( ) , ^
(/) ( /)
( /). ,
,
. (/) ( ).
, AutoCAD ,
.

i/ Color ()
. ByLayer ( ), ByBlock (
) .

Use ruler ( )
.

Options () ,
Text Formatting ( ).

Horizontal text align ( ) , .

Vertical text align ( )


: , .

Numbering () . .

Bullets () .

Uppercase letters ( )
.

Uppercase ( ) Lowercase ( )
.

Overline ( )
.

AutoCAD 2006

138

Symbol () ,
.

Oblique angle ( )
.

Width factor ( ) .

,
Multiline Text Editor ( ).
, . Multiline Text Editor ( )
, |[|.


, Multiline Text Editor ( ), , ,
, 5.9.
Learn about MTEXT
v> Show Toolbar
v< Show Options
Show Ruler
Opaque Background
Insert Field...
Symbol

Ctrl+F

Import Text...
Indents and Tabs...

Bullets and Lists


Background Mask...
Justification
Find and Replace...

Ctrl+R

Select Al
Change Case

Ctrl+A

AutoCAPS
Remove Formatting

Ctrl+Space

Combine Paragraphs
Character Set

. 5.9. Multiline Text Editor


( )

5.

139


Insert Field ( ) Field (),
5.10, . Field
() , . ,
Field (), Field
Category ( ) Field names ( ). , , Date () Field Names
( ), 5.10, AutoCAD
Examples (). , Field (), . Field
Expression ( ) , . , , ,
, .

BlockPlaceholder
| Comments
CreateDate
| CurrentSheetCategory
I
! CurrentSheetCustom
CurrentSheetDescrlption
CurrentSheetlssuePurpost -
CurrentSheetNumber
CurrentSheetNumberAndT
CurrentSheetRevlsionOate
I CurrentSheefcRevisionNuml
! CurrentSheetSet
I CurrentSheetSetCustom
I CurrentSheetSetDescriptio
I CurrentSheetSetProjectMil
CurrentSheetSetProjectNa
I CurrentSheetSetProjectNu
LcurrertSheetSetProtectPhJ!J

HE

Lowercase
First capital
Title case

Field expression:
%<\AcVar Author \f " % t c l " > %

L_
. 5.10. Field ()

Indents and Tabs ( )
Indents and Tabs ( ), 5.11.
, .

AutoCAD 2006

140
Indents and Tabs
Indentation
First line:

|
Tab stop position

|;

Paragraph:

: [o

Set

Cancel

. 5.11. Indents and Tabs ( )


Indentation () Indents and Tabs ( ), First line ( )
. Paragraph () .
Tab stop position ( )
, . Set ()
. Clear ()
.

Justification () ,
AutoCAD, , . , , ,
, . top () (Top Left ( ),
Center ( ), Top Right ( )),
.
bottom () (Bottom Left (
), Bottom Center ( ), Bottom Right (
)), .
, Justify (),
AutoCAD . , DTEXT.
, AutoCAD
, .

141

5.

Find and Replace ( ) Find


and Replace ( ), 5.12,
Find what () Replace with ( ) Match Case ( ) Match whole word only ( ).
.
Find and Replace
: I

: "

[

. 5.12. Find and Replace ( )


Find what (),
Find Next ( ), . AutoCAD . Find Next ( ) .
Replace with ( ) ,
Find what ().
Replace (), Replace
with (). Replace All ( ),
.
Match Case ( ), AutoCAD
, Find what (). Match Case ( ) , AutoCAD .
Match whole word only ( ),
AutoCAD ,
. , .
Match whole word only ( ) , AutoCAD
, , .
Select All ( )
Select All ( ) , .

142

AutoCAD 2006

Change Case ( )
Change Case ( )
UPPERCASE ( ) lowercase (
). UPPERCASE ( )
.
lowercase ( )
.
AutoCAPS ( Caps Lock)
AutoCAPS ( Caps Lock) , [fcaps|<
Caps Lock ( ).
Remove Formatting ( )
Remove Formatting ( )
, .
Combine Paragraphs ( )
Combine Paragraphs ( )
.
Symbol ()
Symbol ()
Degrees (), Plus/Minus (/) Diameter Degrees (
), Non-Breaking Space ( ),
, . , Other (), Character Map ( ). Character Map ( ) , , Windows.
Multiline Text Editor ( ) ,
. (%%). . , AutoCAD, 5.2.

5.

143

. 5.2.


( )

%%d

104.5F

104.5%%dF

( /)

%%

34.53

34.5 %%

0 ( )

%%

56.060

56.06%%

% ( ;
,
)

%%%

34.67%1.5

34.67%%%%%P1.5


( nnn - ,
)

%%nnn

%%064


Bullets and Lists ( )
, : - Of (), : Lettered (), Numbered (), Bulleted ().
Lettered () , : Lowcase ( ), Uppercase ( ).
Restart () Continue ()
. Allow Bullets and Lists ( ) / . Allow auto-list ( ) ,
, 11-1. ||
. Use tab delimiter only ( < 1 ) .

Import Text ( ) Select File
( ), ASCII RTF . 32 .

AutoCAD 2006

144

AutoCAD , ,
.
Height (), Justify (), Line Spacing ( ), Rotation (), Style () Width ().
Height (), Style () Justify ()
.
Width () . Width () No Wrap (He ), .
Rotation () ,
.
Line Spacing ( ) . Line Spacing ( ) : At Least ( ) Exactly (). At
Least ( ) ,
. At Least (
), .
Exactly ()
. .

Exact () Line Spacing ( ) .


, AutoCAD Multiline Text Editor ( ) .


DDEDIT . - , . ,
DDEDIT Text (), 5.13.
AutoCAD:
Command (): ddedit
Select an annotation object or [Undo] ( [Undo]):
( )

5.

145

. 5.13. DDEDITHCI Text ()


, , AutoCAD Multiline Text Editor ( ) . , .
, DTEXT,
AutoCAD Edit Text ( ) . ,
.
AutoCAD
. , U.
( [[Enter]).


FIND (), 5.14, . AutoCAD Find and Replace ( ), 5.15.

[Find,,.
. 5.14. FIND () Text ()
Find text string ( ) ,
. Replace with ( ) .
Find (), Context ()
Search Results ( ) Find and Replace (
) . Replace (), ,
Replace with ( ). , ,
Find (). , Find text string ( ),
Replace All ( ).

AutoCAD 2006

146
S find and Replace
Search in:

Fjnd text string:

Replace with:

f~" ~~
Search results:
Objecttjipe:
i r Context

Puc. 5.15. Find and Replace ( )


Search in ( ) AutoCAD,
: .
Select Objects ( ) Graphics
() . AutoCAD
. Options ()
Find and Replace Options ( ),
5.16.
S3 Find and Replace Options
:

Include:
0 Block Attribute Value

0 Table Text

: W\ Dimension Annotation Text

0 Hyperlink Description

0 Hyperlink

0 Text [Mtext, DText, Text)


Match case
Find whole words only

OK

Cancel

Help

Puc. 5.16. Find and Replace Options ( )


Include () Find and Replace Options
( ) , . Block Attribute
Value ( ), Dimension Annotation Text (

5.

147

), Text (Mtext and Dtext) ( ( Mtext Dtext)), Table Text (


), Hyperlink Description ( ) Hyperlink (). Match case ( ) AutoCAD ,
. Find whole words only ( ) AutoCAD , .


SCALETEXT ( ), 5.17,
,
.
Tent

. 5.17. SCALETEXT ( )
Text ()
AutoCAD:
Command (): scaletext
Select Objects ( ): ( )
Enter a base point option for scaling [Existing/Left/Center/Middle/Right/TUTC/
TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR] <Right> (
[Existing/Left/Center/Middle/Righ^L/TCyTR/ML/MC/MR/BLVBC/BR] < ):
( ^"***],
)
Specify new height or [Match object/Scale factor] <3/16"> (
[Match object/Scale factor] <3/16">): ( )
, , ,
.
,
.
, , .

AutoCAD 2006

148


JUSTIFYTEXT ( ), 5.18,
, .
, , . AutoCAD:
Command (): justifytext
Select Objects ( ): ( )
Select objects ( ): ( pnter])
Enter a justification option
[Left/Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Righ^LVTC/TR/MLy
MC/MR/BL/BC/BR] <Left> ( [Existing/Left/ Center/Middle/Right^UTC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR] < >): (
, )

Text

2ll

$?^&

. 5.18. JUSTIFYTEXT ( )
Text ()


Style () .
, 5.19, , 5.20:
jekt

I_
iTexb Style.

I
. 5.19. Style ()
Text ()
Style Name ( ) , , New (),
, Rename (),
, Delete (). Font () Font Name ( ),
Font Style ( ) Height () .

5.

149

Effects () ,
Upside down ( ) -
; Backwards () ; Vertical () ; Width factor ( ) -
; Oblique Angle . Preview ( ) .
J9 Text Style
Style Name
New...
Fort

Help
FontStjte:

Font Name:

fooooo*

A* i>t -Jo

Use Big Fort

Effects

Preview

Upside down

Backwards

Height:

Width Factor: [1.0000


Oblique Angle: |o

Vertical

.AaBbCcD
|AaBbCcD

Preview

. 5.20. Text Style ( )


SPELL , DTEXT , . SPELL Tools (), 5.21,
AutoCAD :
Command (): spell
Select Objects ( ): (
[[Enter] )
AutoCAD Check Spelling ( ), 5.22,
.

150
Quick Select...

Draw Order
Inauiry
IE

:
>

Update Fields

i # Block Editor
Xref and Block In-place Editing

5 t Attribute Extraction...

P.ropertles

CTRL+l

DesianCenter

CTRL+2

[ j t i Tool Palettes Window


^

Sheet Set Manager

^ 4 Info Palette

CTRL+3
CTRl+4
CTRL+S
CTRL+6

d_bConnect
S | Markjp Set Manager

CTRL+7

QuickCalc

CTRL+8

|Q| Command Line

CTRL+9

^oad Application...
bun Script...
Mjcro
SutoLISP
Display Image

1 Named yjCS...
OrtbograpNc UCS
t t t Moj;eUCS
NeaUCS
CAD Standards

Wizards
Drafting Settings...
Tablet

Customize

OptiOQS...

. 5.21. SPELL Tools ()


til Check Spelling
Cuftent dictionary:

American English

Current word

IflnoreAII
Changs All
Lookup

Change [Dictionaries...
Context

Puc. 5.22. Check Spelling ( )

AutoCAD 2006

5.

151

AutoCAD
Check Spelling ( ). ,
Change Dictionaries ( ),
Change Dictionaries ( ) .
AutoCAD
Current Word ( )
Suggestions (). Change (), ,
Change All ( ), .
Ignore (),
, Ignore All ( ),
.
Add () ( 63 )
. Lookup () , Suggestions ().
AutoCAD ,
, .


QTEXT DTEXT , .
, .
QTEXT , .
, .
, QTEXT. QTEXT REGEN.
QTEXT Command ()::
Command (): qtext (
Enter mode ON/OFF <current> ( ON/OFF <>): (
)

TABLE AutoCAD , , ,
, . , , ,
, , ,

AutoCAD 2006

152

Table Style ( ) , ,
, .


TABLE, 5.23, AutoCAD Insert Table ( ), 5.24.

|...
114 I 4 I t I

. 5.23. TABLE ()
Draw ()

j i j Learn about Tables


Table Style Settings

Insertion Behavior

Table Style name:

Text height:

Specify insertion point


Specify window

Title

Header
Dci-fcQ

Dutu
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data

Header
Da-to.
Eftto.
Data
Bato.
Jja-ta
Ua-to,
Ift-W
Ila-to.

Columns.Row Settings
Header
Da-ta
Data
Data
Data
Data
Date
Data
Data

Columns:

Column width:

Data Rows:

Row Height:

fl

OK

Cancel

S i Lhe(s)

Help

Puc. 5.24. Insert Table ( )


Table Style name ( )
Table Style Settings ( ) Insert Table
( ) .

5.

153

Insertion Behavior ( ) Insert


Table ( ) ,
, ,
Column & Row Settings ( ).
Specify insertion point (
),
( ) ,
, ,
Column & Row Settings ( ). ,
,
.
Specify window ( ), , , Column & Row Settings ( ). , . Data Rows ( ) Row height ( )
Row height ( )
Data Rows ( ).
/
, Insert Table ( ). AutoCAD
Specify first corner ( ): ,
.
,
Insertion Behavior ( ) Specify insertion
point ( ), AutoCAD , , Text Formatting ( ). Insertion Behavior ( )
Specify window ( ), AutoCAD Specify second
point ( ):, . AutoCAD Text Formatting ( ).
Text Formatting ( ),
, ,
. , , iJEnierj, , ,
|shitt|+fEnter|, , P T a b l . ,

154

AutoCAD 2006


TABLEDIT -
AutoCAD:
Command (): tabledit
Pick a table cell ( ): (
, , , )
, ,
, Edit Cell Text ( ) . AutoCAD Text Formatting ( ); ,
.
, .
: Cell Alignment ( )
; Cell Borders ( )
; Match Cell ( )
; Insert Block (
) , ;
Insert Columns ( ) ; Delete Columns ( ) ; Insert Rows ( )
; Delete Rows ( ) ;
Delete Cell Contents ( )
.


, AutoCAD . , . : Size Columns Equally (
) ; Remove All
Properties Overrides ( ) , ; Export ()
.csv.

6.

, AutoCAD, , , .
.
:

6.1 .
, , , .

. 6.1.

AutoCAD 2006

156

6.2 .
, .

. 6.2.
, , , 6.3 , . , , , ,
AutoCAD ,
, , , .
1

. 6.3.

6.

157

AutoCAD
: , , () . . , , , . 6.3 , .
, .
X ( )
, Y ( ).


6.4
AutoCAD.

. 6.4.

AutoCAD 2006

158


, , . , , Dimension (),
6.5. 6.6.

-/

. 6.5. Dimiinear ( )
Dimension ()

19

10
29
. 6.6.

6.

159




Linear Dimension ( )
, 6.7, :
,
:
Command (): dimlinear
Specify first extension line origin or <select object> ( < >): ( )
Specify second extension line origin ( ):
( )
Specify dimension line location or [MtextText/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/ Rotated]
( [Mtex^ext/Angle/ Horizontal/Vertical
/Rotated]): ( )

07

. 6.7.

, ,
AutoCAD ( ,
) , . , .

AutoCAD 2006

160
, , Object Snap ( ),
, Endpoint () Intersection ().
, ( ). ,
( ), .

Y ( )
. ,
( ) , .
,
( ), .

, 6.8,
, ,
.

. 6.8.



, AutoCAD
. 6.9 .

6.

161

. 6.9.
Command (): dimlinear
Specify first extension line origin or <select object> ( < >): ( |"',)
Select object to dimension ( , ):
( )
Specify dimension line location or [Mtex^ext/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/ Rotated]
(

[Mtext/Text/Angle/
Horizontal/Vertical/Rotated]): ( )
,
, , .

/

/ - , , .
, . , , . , ,
, . , .
, .
,
:
, .


Mtext ( ) Text ()
. Angle () . Text () Angle ()
AutoCAD .
6-629

162

AutoCAD 2006



Horizontal () .(
). Vertical () , .


Rotated () , , ; ,
. 6.10 , . , . ,
- , , D. Rotated () . , , D.
Rotated () AutoCAD
:
Specify angle of dimension iine <0> ( ): (
D )
, , .

. 6.10.


AutoCAD ,
,

6.

163

, DIMASSOC. 2
( ), - 1, - 0.
, ,
DIMASSOC 2, Object Snap
( ) ,
. ,
, .
.
, .
. ,
, . , -
. , AutoCAD
, .
,
, ,
.
, ,
, DIMASSOC 1. ,
, ,
. , ,
. , .
DIMDISASSOCIATE , , .
DIMREASSOCIATE .
.
, , , DIMASSOC 0, . ,
.

EXPLODE,

DIMDISASSOCIATE . , , ( UNDO, ),
DIMREASSOCIATE. , (),
, .

AutoCAD 2006

164

6.11 , .
STRETCH, .
X Y, 6.11 ( ). , , , ,
.

. 6.11. ,


Aligned Dimension ( )
Dimension (), , 6.12. , , ,
. Aligned Dimension ( ) , ,
6.13, : ,
:
Command (): dimaligned
Specify first extension line origin or <select object> ( < >):
Specify second extension line origin ( ):
Specify dimension line location or [Mtex^ext/Angle] ( [MtextAText/Angle]):

6.

165

. 6.12. Aligned Dimension ( )


Dimension ()


(
.

. 6.13. ,


, Arc Length ( )
Dimension (), 6.14, :
Command (): dimarc
Select arc or polyline arc segment: ( :) ( )
Specify arc length dimension location, or [Mtext/Text/Angle/Partial/Leader]: (
[Mtext/Text/Angle/Partial/Leader]: ( ):

AutoCAD 2006

166

kxz Length]
. 6.14. Arc Length ( )
Dimension ()
,
, ,
: , . 6.15
, . Leader () ,
6.16 .

. 6.15.

. 6.16.

6.

167


, Ordinate Dimension ( ) Dimension (), 6.17.
, , , , . AutoCAD X Y
,
X Y (
). 6.18 ,
X Y 0,0000,
6.19 ,
Y X 0,0000. , 0,0000,
( , ).
Command (): dimordinate (

^')

Specify feature location ( ): ( )

. 6.17. Ordinate Dimension ( )


Dimension ()

86
. 6.18. Ydatum ( Y)

AutoCAD 2006

168

00
4D
. 6.19. Xdatum ( X)
Specify feature location ( )
, AutoCAD , , , /, , ,
. Object Snap ( ), , Endpoint (), Intersection (), Quadrant
() Center (), Specify feature location
( ). , .
AutoCAD:
Specify leader endpoint or [Xdatum/Ydatum/Mtext/Text/Angle] (
[Xdatum/Ydatum/Mtext/Text/Angle]): (
)
Ortho () ,
Ydatum ( Y) ,
6.18,
Xdatum ( X), 6.19.
Ortho () , , , -
, . ,
,
. (Ydatum ( Y) Xdatum (
X)) , - -
. .
Xdatum ( X) Ydatum (
Y), AutoCAD Xdatum ( X) Ydatum ( Y) .


, Radius ()
Dimension (), 6.20.

6.

169

,
6.21. , AutoCAD,
.

|
WM'I
. 6.20. Radius ()
Dimension ()

. 6.21.
Radius Dimension () ,
, , :
Command (): dimradius ( ||Entar|j
Select arc or circle ( ): ( )
Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle] (
[Mtex^ext/Angle]): (
)


, Jogged () Dimension (),

AutoCAD :>0O6

170

6.22. , - . , -, 6.23,
,
:
Command (): Jogged ()
Select arc or circle: ( )
Specify center location override: ( )
Specify dimension line location or [Mtex^ext/Angle]: (
[Mtex^ext/Angle]:

. 6.22. Jogged ()
Dimension ()

. 6.23.

6.

171


, Diameter () Dimension (), 6.24. ,
AutoCAD, .
Diameter Dimension () , 6.25, , ,
:
Command (): dimdiameter ( pnter|j
Select arc or circle ( ): ( )
Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle] ( [111/1]): (
)

Diameter!

. 6.24. Diameter ()
Dimension ()

. 6.25.


, Angular Dimension (
) Dimension (), 6.26.

AutoCAD 2006

172

(, , ),
, (
) (
).

fclra
. 6.26. Angular Dimension ()
.
- , 6.27, AutoCAD , , : / / .
, , . AutoCAD:
Specify dimension arc line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle] ( [Mtex^ext/Angle]): ( )

. 6.27.
, 6.28,
AutoCAD :
Select second line ( ): ( )

6.

173

V.^

f
/

. 6.28.
AutoCAD //.
,
180 .
, AutoCAD
. AutoCAD :
Specify dimension arc line location or [Mtex^ext/Angle] ( [MtexVText/Angle]): ( )
AutoCAD .
, , AutoCAD
.
, 6.29:
Command (): dimangular ( \*
Select arc, circle, line or <specify vertex> ( , ,
< >): ( \^)
Specify angle vertex ( ): ( 1)
Specify first angle endpoint ( ): ( 2)
Specify second angle endpoint ( ): ( 3)
Specify dimension arc line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle] ( [Mtex^ext/Angle]): ( )

174

AutoCAD 2006

_

. 6.29.


. -,
, .
-, , . -,
, .
AutoCAD , .. 2" 4", , 2"
4" . -
, AutoCAD,
, . :

() = 0,3800";

() = 0,1800";

() = 1,800";

(D) = 0,0625";

= 0,1800";

v' - 4 ;


. , ,
24" 36" , (8 1/2" "),
.

6.

175

, 6" 9"
. 8 1/2" 11".
, PLOT ().
, . 3/16",
, 1/16".
, ,
, ,
DIMSCALE ( ).
, 4 ,
DIMSCALE ( ) 4,
:
Command (): dimscale
Enter new value for DIMSCALE <1.0000> (
DIMSCALE <1.0000>): 4
, ,
1/4" = -0", 1:48, DIMSCALE ( ) 48. ,
3/16" (,
, DIMSCALE ( ) 1,0),
, 1:48,
DIMSCALE ( ) 48, 3/16".
DIMSCALE ( ) . .
33", ,
, , 33.00 ( ), DIMSCALE ( ).
; 3/16" DIMSCALE ( ) 48, , 1/} 9" (3/16" 48),
3/16" 1/4"=1'-0".
, Command ():
Modify Dimension Style ( ),
Dimension Style Manager ( ).

176

AutoCAD 2006


AREA (. 6.30) ( ) , ,
, .
, AutoCAD , .
Inquiry

&

&*

. 6.30. Area ()
Inquiry ()
AREA Inquiry (),
AutoCAD :
Command (): area
Specify first corner point or [Object/Add/Subtract] (
[Object/Add/Subtract]): (
)
.
, , ,
, Object ().
Object (), 6.31:
Command (): area
Specify first corner point or [Object/Add/Subtract] (
[Object/Add/Subtract]): ( \^\)
Select Objects ( ): ( ,
6.31)

[Select objects:']

. 6.31.
Object () AREA

6.

177

Add () , ; Subtract (),


.
Add () Subtract ().
:
Command (): area
Specify first corner point or [Object/Add/Subtract] (
[Object/Add/Subtract]): ( iJEnte^j
Specify first corner point or [Object/Subtract] (
[Object/Subtract]): ( |JEnter]j
(ADD mode) Select Objects (( ) ): (
, 6.32)
Area () = 622.04, Length () = 96.8573
Total Area ( ) =622.04
(ADD mode) Select Objects (( ) ):
Specify first corner point or [Object/Add/Subtract] (
[Object/Add/Subtract]): s ( j
Specify first corner point or [Object/Add] (
[Object/Add]): ( ||Enter]J
(SUBTRACT mode) Select Objects (( ) ): ( , 6.32)
Area () = 23.6976, Circumference ( ) = 17.2567
Total Area ( ) = 598.3224
(SUBTRACT mode) Select Objects (( ) ): ( , 6.32)
Area () = 80.7504, Circumference ( ) = 31.8550
Total Area ( ) = 517.5920
(SUBTRACT mode) Select Objects (( ) ): ( , 6.32)
Area () = 49.5131, Circumference ( ) = 24.9439
Total Area ( ) = 468.0789
(SUBTRACT mode) Select Objects (( ) ): ( D, 6.32)
Area () = 39.0618, Circumference ( ) = 22.1555
Total Area ( ) = 429.0171

178

AutoCAD 2006
(SUBTRACT mode) Select Objects (( ) ): ( liEnter])
Specify first corner point or [Object/Add] ( [Object/Add]): ( l[Entor]j

. 6.32. Add ()
Subtract () AREA ()

7.

AutoCAD, , ,
, .
, :

, XL1NE () RAY ();

, ELLIPSE (), DONUT


(), SOLID (), REVCLOUD () WIPEOUT ();

, PLINE
(), MLINE () SPLINE ().


,
.

, XLINE ()
XLINE () , , . XLINE () Draw (), 7.1, AutoCAD:
Command (): XLINE
Specify a point or [Hor/Ver/Ang/Bisect/Offset]: (
)

. 7.1. XLINE ()
Draw ()

180

AutoCAD 2006

, .
AutoCAD :
Specify through point: ( , )
AutoCAD ,
. AutoCAD , . j[Enter|.
Horizontal () , , X
.
Vertical () , , Y
.
Angle ( ) . AutoCAD :
Enter angle of xline or [Reference];: ( )
Specify through point: ( , )
AutoCAD .
Reference () .
.
Bisect ( )
, , ,
. AutoCAD :
Specify angle vertex point: ( , )
Specify angle start point: ( , )
Specify angle endpoint: ( , )
, .
Offset ()
,
. AutoCAD :
Specify offset distance or [Through]: (
)
Select a line object: ( , , )

7.

181

Specify side to offset? ( , )


Through () ,
.

, RAY ()
RAY () , .
RAY () AutoCAD :
Command (): ray
Specify start point: ( , )
Specify through point: ( ,
)
Specify through point: ( , , |Enter| )

, . AutoCAD
,
, {[Enter].


AutoCAD ,
, ELLIPSE (), DONUT (),
SOLID (), REVCLOUD () WIPEOUT (). , , .


AutoCAD ELLIPSE ().
ELLIPSE () Draw (), 7.2, AutoCAD :
Command (): ellipse
Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center]: ( , ,
)

AutoCAD 2006

182

. 7.2. ELLIPSE ()
Draw ()


Defining Axis Endpoints (, ) ,
. AutoCAD
. , .
AutoCAD , . , :
Command (): ellipse
Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center]: 1,1
Specify other endpoint of axis: 5,1
Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]: 3,2
AutoCAD , 4,0
, - 2,0 , 7.3.

. 7.3. ,


Center () , . AutoCAD ,

7.

183

. AutoCAD
.
, . , :
Command (): ellipse
Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center]: ( Center ()
)
Specify center of ellipse: 3,1
Specify endpoint of axis: 1,1
Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]: 3,2
AutoCAD , , , 4,0 , 2,0 .


AutoCAD ,
.

. AutoCAD ,
0 . ,
:
Command (): ellipse
Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center]: 3,-1
Specify other endpoint of axis: 3, 3
Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]: ( Rotation ()
)
Specify rotation around major axis: 30
7.4, .

. 7.4. ,

184

AutoCAD 2006


Arc () . ,
, AutoCAD
, .
,
Parameter (), , Start ( ) End ( ). AutoCAD ,
:

() = +

+ cos

() +

sin

()

- , b -
.
ELLIPSE () Arc () Draw (). Arc (),
ELLIPSE (). :
Command (): ellipse
Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center]: ( Arc ()
)
Specify axis endpoint of elliptical arc or [Center]: 1,1
Specify other endpoint of axis: 5,1
Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]: 3, 2
Specify start angle or [Parameter]: 3,2
Specify end angle or [Parameter/Included angle]: 1,1
AutoCAD 3,2
1,1, 7.5.

. 7.5.

7.

185


|iso , a metric
) , 54,7356 . AutoCAD
, , Isocircle ( ).
1 , , , 0,577350 . ,
, 0,816497 . , , ,
0,816497 . , , 1,0 . 1,22474 (
0,816497),
, .
, 1,0
, .
, . ,
1,0 1,224744871
0,707107 (0,577350x1,22474) .
AutoCAD.
Isometric Circle ( ) ELLIPSE (), Isometric Snap ( ).
Command (): ellipse
Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center/Isometric]: (
Isocircle ( ) )
Specify center of isocircle: ( )
Specify radius of isocircle or [Diameter]: ( )
,
Diameter () , :
Circle diameter: ( )

AutoCAD 2006

186

. 7.6. ,
Isocircle ( ) ELLIPSE

Isocircle ( ) Diameter
() Isometric Snap
( ).


DONUT (), 7.7,
, .
FILLMODE.
:
Command (): donut
Specify inside diameter of donut <current>: ( -

iji T j )
Specify outside diameter of donut <current>: ( l[Enterj )
Specify center of donut or <exit >: ( )
,
,
, AutoCAD
(). .

7.

187

. 7.7. DONUT () Draw ()

, FILLMODE
ON ( 1).
, fill i^nter]. FILLMODE OFF ( 0), PLINE (), TRACE (), DONUT(Konbu,o)
SOLID () .
FILLMODE ON
. , FILLMODE ON,
OFF, REGEN (), , , . ON OFF ,
PLINE (), TRACE (),
DONUT(KonbU,o) SOLID ().
, .
, - .

,
7.8 , DONUT.
Command (): donut
Specify inside diameter of donut <0.5000>: 0

188

AutoCAD 2006

Specify outside diameter of donut <1.0000>: 1


Specify center of donut or <exit>: 3,2
Specify center of donut or <exit>: (Hunter])

. 7.8. DONUT
,
7.8 , DONUT:
Command (): donut
Specify inside diameter of donut <0.5000>: 0,5
Specify outside diameter of donut <1.0000>: 1
Specify center of donut or <exit>: 6,2
Specify center of donut or <exit>: (|JEnter|)


SOLID (), 7.9, , , .
SOLID () : , ,
, -; -,
. , , PLINE (),
,
, , . ,
:
Command (): solid
Specify first point: ( )
Specify second point: ( )

7.

189

Specify third point: ( ,


)
Specify fourth point or <exit>: ( \\^
)

;3 File

Edit

View

Insert

Format

ri-

Tools

< to $ ? ^-

CUmenskm MooVy Window He^ Express

/ line
/ Ray
Construction Line

1 ! 8

*J

:i^:Slandaid

, 4 ISD-25

PolfflOn
Rectanoje

r
Q

6rc

>

o&

>

Bonut

..

Eipse

>

Block
...

>

5*
1 3 Batch...

t*

*\

no

I
1

Q3 Revision doyd
.
letf

ICoMJand : Specify opposite


ConMand: .erase 2 found
:,..!?oand:

^ ^ T ^

iSRevoVed Surface
: ; 3 Iabdated Surface
> Ruled Surface

Hi IE

-/ "^

30 Surfaces...

P\<s>

u <

<& 3D Face

+!*

I
I

3S Gradent...
Soundary...

Slan

*5]

1
1

- ES

Creates sokj-fied polygons: SOLID

. 7.9. 2D Solid (2-)


Surfaces () Draw ()
, AutoCAD
. [[Enter]; AutoCAD .
, , , 7.10:
Command (): solid
Specify first point: ( .1)
Specify second point: ( .2)
Specify third point: ( .)
Specify fourth point or <exit>: ( .4)
Specify third point: ([[inter))

190

AutoCAD 2006

. 7.10.
SOLID ()
, , - .
, , 7.11.

. 7.11. SOLID (),


/
SOLID ()
, , 7.12. SOLID (),
, - ,
7.13.

7.

191

. 7.12. SOLID ()

. 7.13. SOLID ()

Revcloud () ,
, , , 7.15. , :
Command (): revcloud
Specify start point or [Arc length/Object] <Object>: ( )
Guide crosshairs along cloud path... ( )

AutoCAD 2006

192

. 7.14. Revcloud ()
Draw ()

. 7.15. Revcloud ()

, , . AutoCAD :
Revision cloud finished ( )
, . DIMSCALE. . Object ()
(, , ..),
AutoCAD . :
Reverse direction [Yes/No] <No>: ( [Yj \[).
Yes () ,
/, . No () , , .

7.

193

Wipeout (), 7.16, ,


. (
), . , :
Command (): wipeout
Specify first point or [Frames/Polyline] <Polyline>: ( )
Specify next point: ( )
Specify next point or [Undo]: ( )

(gj) Fte

Edft View

sHjDimension

Insert Format Tools

;:- : w

Lir

Construction L*ne

Modfy

Window

Heip^ Express

-K'$.

Mffo

1 ^ 1

i ^

Standard"

v! ^r|S0-25

*i 1

_PEoWn
% 3DPolyBne
Polygon
Rectanole

-9

13

>

>

PBint

Hatch...

Gradient...

D . Boundary...

ISs Region

y.

DA

\ Table...

if

c : t i
DD
DP .

urc

_ . ^

as
1

Cida
Cortut

,-:

tr

ffl

rr

[
@

J.

j
Q

Revision Cloud

Te S t

nand: Specify opposite d


Dnnsnd: _.erase 1 f ound

Surfaces

"*

|snand:

<

Dealet ipeou OOBMS: WIPEOUT

>

. 7.16. Wipeout () Draw ()


, (
[[Enterj) Wipeout (). , .

7-629

AutoCAD 2006

194


Frames () , . AutoCAD :
Enter mode ON/OFF <existing setting>: ( on off)
ON, , OFF .


Polyline () ,
.
AutoCAD:
Select a closed polyline: ( ,
)
Erase polyline? [Yes/No]<No>: ( )
Yes (), ,
. , No ().
Wipeout ()
. , , .
, , MOVE
(), . , ,
, .



AutoCAD
: , .
, , , . ,
, ,
, , . , , . , , ,
, , ,
.

7.

195


/ . PLINE
(), 7.17, .
PLINE ()
LINE (). , ,
. , (X, Y).

. 7.17. PLINE ()
Draw ()
PLINE () , .
.
. ,
. .
PEDIT ( ) , , ,
,
, .
,
7.18.

. 7.18. ,
PLINE

196

AutoCAD 2006
Command (): pline
Specify start point: 2,2
Current line-width is 0.0000
Specify next point or [Arc/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 4,2
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 5,1
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 7,1
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 8,2
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 10,2
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 10,4
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 9,5
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 8,5
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 7,4
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 5,4
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 4,5
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 3,5
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 2,4
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: ( Close
() )

Close Undo ,
LINE ().


Width () .
w Width
() ,
. , AutoCAD :
Specify starting width <default>: ( )
Specify ending width <default>: ( )
, , . , AutoCAD
,
. , , . ,
, . , , ,
.
.

7.

197


, PLINE (),
. 7.19.

. 7.19. ,
PLINE ()
Command (): pline
Specify start point: 2,2
Current line-width is 0.0000
Specify next point or [Arc/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: ( Width ()
)
Specify starting width <default>: 0
Specify ending width <default>: .25
Specify next point or [Arc/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 2,2.5
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 2,3
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: ( Width
() )
Specify starting width <0.2500>: (|[1|)
Specify ending width <0.2500>: 0
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 2,3.5
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: ( Width
() )
Specify starting width <0.0000>:
Specify ending width <0.0000>: .25
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 2.5,3.5

198

AutoCAD 2006
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 3,3.5
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: ( Width
() )
Bnier

Specify starting width <0.2500>: U

\)

Specify ending width <0.2500>: 0


Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 3.5,3.5
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: ( Width
() )
Specify starting width <0.0000>: ([[Enter])
Specify ending width <0.0000>: .25
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 3.5,3
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 3.5,2.5
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: ( Width
() )
Specify starting width <0.2500>:
Specify ending width <0.2500>: 0
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 3.5,2
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: ( Width
() )
Specify starting width <0.0000>: (iJEnterj)
Specify ending width <0.0000>: .25
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 3,2
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 2.5,2
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: ( Width
() )
Specify starting width <0.25Q0>: ( |[Enter|)
Specify ending width <0.2500>: 0
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: ( Close () )


Ifwidth () Width (),
,
. , . ,
1,021756,

7.

199

. ,
, .


Arc () .
AutoCAD , :
Specify endpoint of arc or [Angle/Center/Close/Direction/Halfwidth/Line/Radius/
Second pt/Undo/Width]: ( )
, , , .
,
, .
Start (S) (), End (E) (), Direction (D) () ARC (),
.
Close (), Width (), Halfwidth () Undo () , .
Angle () :
Specify included angle: ( )
, ,
, . AutoCAD .
Center () .
AutoCAD :
Specify center point: ( )
AutoCAD
:
'
Specify endpoint of arc or [Angle/Length]: ( )
, . Angle () Length ()
.
;
Direction ()
. AutoCAD :
Specify the tangent direction for the start point of arc: ( )
, ,
AutoCAD .
Line () .

AutoCAD 2006

200

Radius () , :
Specify radius of arc: ( )
.
Second point ( ) AutoCAD
, :
Specify second point on arc: ( )
, , . Three-point
( ) ARC ().
Length () .


MLINE (), 7.20, , , .

MLEDIT ( ).
2006 - [Drawing! (IwpJ
!5 File

Ed*

View

Insert

Format

Tools

H|Dimension

< a a g
n

Modfy

window

1 4 i 3 > ,

/ Line
/ bay

; .

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201

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. 7.21.
, :
Command (): mline
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/Style]: ( )
Start point ( ), ,
, . ,
, AutoCAD :
Specify next point: ( )
,
. -:
Specify next point or [Undo]: ( Undo ()
,
, . , Close ():
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
Close ()
,
.

AutoCAD 2006

202

Undo () ,
MLINE () , ,
, .


Justification ()
, , . : ( ), Zero (He ) Bottom ( ).
( ) . , .
, , .
Zero (He ) , .
, - , .
Bottom ( )
.
, . , , (
) .
7.22 .

. 7.22.


Scale ()
, . ,
3,0, , 0,5 -1,5 1,5 4,5 . , (
). .
0 () .
,

7.

203


Style () ,
.


SPLINE (), 7.23,
.
-.
, .

. 7.23. SPLINE ()
Draw ()
,
, Close
() . , , . ,
:
Command (): spline
Specify first point or [Object]: ( Object
())
.
.
:
Specify next point: ( )
, , . :
Specify next point or [Close/Fit tolerance] <start tangent>: (
)
, . ,

204

AutoCAD 2006

Close () ,
[[Enter].
. :
Specify start tangent:
,
. [[Enter],T 0 . :
,
,
Specify end tangent:
,
. |[Enter], T 0
.
Close ()
. -:
Specify tangent:

. [[Enter], AutoCAD
.
() Tan (), ,
.
Fit tolerance ( )
. :
Specify the tolerance <current>:
0 () ,
. , .


Object () ,
, . 2- -,
DELOBJ.

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; , ,

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, , , , .
, , , , .

206

AutoCAD 2006

i ^MUMiid: Switching t o : L*youtl>


! ieetoring etched viewport - Regenerating layout.

ilSmad:

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,
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, , , , .
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( acad.dwt )
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, , ,
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acad.dwt,

207

8.

L1 8,5 10,5
8 , .
8.1 8.2 , , , Model () ()
Layouti (1) (). Layouti (1) :
,
, ,
. , .
8.3 , , .
-

. 8.3. Layout ()
,
, .
Page Setup Manager (
). .


, .
, , , , ,

AutoCAD 2006

208

. , , , , .

. 8.4. ANSI-A A Title Block Layout


, , 8.1, ,
( ANSI Color Dependent Plot Style)
. ,
ANSI A Title Block, 8.4.
( Model () )
ANSI A Title Block Layout, , 8.46.
1:1. ,
/ .
,
, . ( Model
()). ,
, 8.46.

209

8.

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.8.4.


, , ,
, 8.5. , - ,
,
. AutoCAD, , MOVE (), COPY (),
STRETCH (), SCALE () ERASE ()
. , MOVE () , .
.
,
.

AutoCAD 2006

210

. 8.5.


. .
, ,
. , , , . ,
AutoCAD . , .
, . , , .

, , .

8.

211


8.2 . , -
. /
, .
Window ()
. 8.6 ,
, / . ERASE () .

. 8.6.
Window ()



. , .

AutoCAD 2006

212
.
,
,
. ,
, . ,
.


Viewports

G3 I
;

_x|

He Scale to fit

> .

"

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|single Viewport |

. 8.7. Single Viewport ( )


Viewports ( )
Single Viewport
( ) Viewports ( ).
AutoCAD
, 8.8, .

57

. 8.8.

8.

213

AutoCAD :
Specify corner of viewport or [ON/OFF/Fit/Shaded/Lock/Object/Polygonal/Restore/
2/3/4] <Fit>: ( )
Specify opposite corner: ( )


Viewports

[Polygonal Viewport |

. 8.9. Polygonal Viewport ( )


Viewports ( )
Polygonal Viewport ( ),
8.9,
. AutoCAD :
Specify corner of viewport or [ON/OFF/Fit/Shaded/Lock/Object/Polygonal/Restore/
2/3/4] <Fit>: _p
Specify start point: ( )
Specify next point or [Arc/Length/Undo]: (
)
Arc () .
Length () , .
, AutoCAD
.
Undo () .


Viewports

X|

|Convert Object to Viewport]


. 8.10. Convert object to Viewport (
) Viewports ( )

214

AutoCAD 2006

AutoCAD ,
, , .
. ,
, .
AutoCAD :
Select object to clip viewport: ( )


Viewports : */
Scale to fit
(Display Viewports Dialog |

. 8.11. Display Viewports Dialog (


) Viewports ( )
, Viewports ( ), Display Viewports Dialog (
) Layouts (), 8.11.
AutoCAD .
, , Standard viewports ( ). Preview ( ) . Setup () 2D (2) 3D () . 2D (2) , . 3D (), -. Preview
( ) , , , .
Change view to ( )
, . ,
3D (), .
Preview ( ) . ,
, ; :
Specify first comer or [Fit] <Fit>: ( ,
, Fit (),
)
Specify opposite corner: ( , )
Viewports ( ), 8.12 .
,
.
, 8.13.

8.

Current name:

215

"Active Model Configuration*

Standard viewports:

Single
Two: Vertical
Two: Horizontal
Three: Right
Three: Left
Three: Above
Three; Below
Three: Vertical
Three: Horizontal
Four: Equal

"Current"

Viewport Spacing:

Setup:

10-00

[2D

3]

: Change view to:

; [-CUneitir

Puc. 8.12. Viewports ( )

\m/

mm

Puc. 8.13.

AutoCAD 2006

216


,
, .
, , , .
8.14 , /
STRETCH () MOVE () , .
.

4=1

. 8.14.
,
VPCLIP ( ), ,
VPMAX ( ).
, Display Viewport Objects
( ), ,
.

8.

217

Viewports

_xJ
| gjg [Scale to fit
[clip existing viewport |

. 8.15. Clip Existing Viewport ( )


Viewports ( )
VPCLIP ( )
, , 8.15. AutoCAD ,
, . ,
.
AutoCAD :
Select viewport to clip: ( , )
Select clipping object or [Polygonal/Delete] <Polygonal>: (
)
, AutoCAD , . ,
: , ,
, .
Polygonal () .
, , .
Delete ()
. ,
. ,
.


Maximize Viewport ( ) (
, , 8.16) , . . ,
Minimize Viewport ( ). ,
Status ().

AutoCAD 2006

218
Repeat Copy
Recent Input
tjaximze Viewport
$ Viewport CUP
Pjsplay Viewport Objects
Wsplay Locked
Shade plot
CTRL+X
CTRl+C
Copy with Base Point
Easte
Paste as Block

CTRL+SHIFT+C
CTRU-V
CTRL+SHIFT+V

Paste to Otlqliv;! Coordinates

J Hove
^ Copi Selection
0

Estate
Draw. Order
Deselect All

Quick Select,..
1

QuickCalc

s\ Emd...
1 5 Properties _

PMC. S.76. Maximize Viewport ( )



Display Viewport Objects ( ),
,
. Off
(.), ,
. On (.)
AutoCAD , , - .


Display Locked ( ),
,
.



AutoCAD
,

8.

219

.
, . 1:1.

.
() ZOOM (),
. , 1/24 0,04167 (1/24 = 0,01467)
ZOOM ()
1/2" = ", 1:24 1/24.
, Viewport Scale Control
( ) Viewports ( ), 8.17.

. 8.17. Viewport Scale Control ( )


Viewports ( )
, . ,

AutoCAD 2006

220

, 0,5
Viewport Scale Control ( )
Viewports ( ) 1:2 . AutoCAD 6" = , . ;
, 8.18.

. 8.18. ,



, ,
Center () ZOOM (), . . Y
, . ( ),
,
.

8.

221


, ,
. Viewports ( ) (
Viewports ( ) ),
, 8.19.

. 8.19. Viewports ( )
,
. ,
, 8.20.

222

AutoCAD 2006

" i 4

. 8.20.


,
, - , 8.21. ( )
, .

. 8.21.

8.

223


, , . . .
. ,
, 2D- -, -
. Block References ( ), X Y.

HATCH ()
AutoCAD HATCH (). 2 : , , .
HATCH . Autocad, , , .
.

. 8.22. HATCH ()
Draw ()
( ) AutoCAD Boundary Hatch and Fill (/ ), 8.23.
Hatch and Gradient ( ) ,
, .
: Hatch () Gradient ().

AutoCAD 2006

224
Hatch and Gradient
"Boundaries

Hatch [Gradient!

Add: Pick points

Type and pastern


Tjipe:
Pattern:

Predefined

! GRATE

||

Add Select objects

v Q

Swatch:

Angle arid s
Angle:

Scale:

[F

Options

Double

Relative to paper space

Associative

Create separate hatches

Draw order:
; Send behind boundary

Hatch origin :

[^]

v.j

Inherit Properties

() Use current origin

Specified origin

Help

. 8.23. Hatch and Gradient ( )


Hatch ()


Hatch () , .
() :
Predefined (), User-defined ( ), Custom ().
Predefined ()
Predefined (),
acad.pat. ,
, Pattern (). Hatch Pattern Palette ( ), 8.24. ,
.
, - ,
. ANSI (ANSI) ISO (ISO) ANSI
ISO , AutoCAD. Other

225

8.

Predefined ( ) ,
ANSI (ANSI) ISO (ISO), , AutoCAD. Custom
() , -
.pat. Swatch
() Hatch and Gradient ( ). Scale () Angle () . 0 ()
X
, Swatch (). 1, - 0 .
Hatch Pattern PaleUe
ANSFJJSO""""][ Othet Ptedafined [f Custom]

ANSI31

AN SI 32

ANSI33

ANSI34

ANSI35

ANSI36

ANSI37

ANSI38

OK

Cancel

Help

. 8.24. Hatch Pattern Palette ( )


ANSI
Solid the pattern ( ). ; , , ,
, .
ISO pen width ( ISO) ISO
(ISO) . ,
ISO (ISO).
Relative to paper space ( )
.
Layout ().

8-629

226

AutoCAD 2006

User-defined ( )
User-defined ( ) , .
( 90 ) .
Spacing () Angle (). , 90 ,
Double () On (.).
Custom ()
Custom (),
Custom Pattern ( ) .pat, acad.pat. , Custom Pattern (
).


Gradient () Hatch and Gradient ( )
, .
One color ( ) ,
. One color ( ) , 8.25, AutoCAD Shade
() Tint (). ; Shade () Tint () ( ) ( ) , .
Two color ( ) ,
. Two color ( ) AutoCAD
1 2, .
Centered ( ) ,
.
, .
, , , , .
Angle () .
0 360 ; .
, .

8.

227

Hatch and Gradient


r Boundaries
: ( ] Add: Pick points
]

Add: Select objects

.Option

0 Associative
I Create separate hatches
! Draa den
[Send behind boundary
Orientation

[jj

0 Centered

Preview

>

Inherit Properties

Angle: 0

OK

Cancel

Help

5.25. Hatch and Gradient ( )


Gradient ()


AutoCAD , : Pick Points ( )
Select Objects ( ).
Pick Points ( )
Pick Points ( ) , . Pick Points ( )
Boundaries (), , Normal ()
Flood (). , .
Pick Points ( ), ,
AutoCAD :

228

AutoCAD 2006
Select internal point: ( , )
Select internal point: ( , [UJ, , [JEnterj, )

8.26 .

Pick intern;

. 8.26.
Select Objects ( )
Select Objects ( )
. , Select Objects (
) Boundaries (),
AutoCAD :
Select objects: ( jEnterj, )
Select Objects ( )
, , AutoCAD ,
.
, / ,
AutoCAD , . AutoCAD ,
, 8.27. Ignore () , , .

8.

229

| Specify opposite corner: 1

. 8.27.

,
Boundaries ()
, Remove Boundaries ( ). Recreate
Boundaries ( )
, .
View Selections ( )
, . ,
. ,
, Remove Islands ( ). AutoCAD
, . .


, Preview
( ). AutoCAD
.
ll E s c l. .
, .
, , , ,
, Cancel (),
.

Options () Associative () , .
Create separate hatches ( ) ,
.

230

AutoCAD 2006

Draw order ( )
: , , , .


Hatch Origin ( ) , , Specified origin (
). Click to set new origin ( ) Hatch and Gradient ( ) .
Default to boundary extents ( )
, ,
: , , , , . .
Store as default origin ( )
Hatch ().


8.28, Hatch and Gradient ( )
Advanced ().
Advanced () Hatch and Gradient ( ) , AutoCAD ,
.
Island detection style ( ) , .
.
: Normal (), Outer (), Ignore ().
Normal () AutoCAD , . Outer ()
. Ignore () AutoCAD , , , , , .
Object Retention ( ) , , . Retain boundaries ( ) Object type ( ) , ,
. , , .

8.

231

gllialch and Gradient

Add Pick point

[ | | ] Add: Selecl objects


| g ^ | Remove boundaries
Uormal

Outer

Ignore

Boundary (fttntion

Selections

D Retain boundaries

Options
0 Associative
Rejative to paper pace
! Current viewport
Drag ofder
Send behind bounday

v|

Gap tolerance
Tolerance:

f l U c h oftgin
Use current origin
: 0 Specified origin

Inherit Propertie.

l unit

Inherit optionc -~
0 Ue current oiigh
Use source hatch origin

\\ O k * to x l new origin
Q Delau ID boundary extent!

D Sine default origin

Puc. 8.28. Hatch and Gradient ( )


Boundary set ( ) ( ), AutoCAD .
Pick Points ( ),
. , Pick Points ( ) , AutoCAD , .
, New () Boundary set (
); AutoCAD , ,
. AutoCAD ,
; .
Island detection method ( ) , ( ), , . Flood (), . ,
Island detection style ( ): Normal (),
Outer () Ignore (). Ray casting ( ), AutoCAD
. , .

AutoCAD 2006

232

Gap tolerance ( ) , , . Gap


tolerance ( ) 0 5000, , ,
. ,
, , .
, 0, , .
Inherit options ( ) , , .



AutoCAD , .
, , .


( )
,
8.30. Baseline dimension ( )
8.29, .
AutoCAD ,
.
, Select
() Specify a second extension line origin or
[Undo/Select>]:.

. 8.29. Baseline Dimensioning ()


Dimension ()

233

8.
46
39

. 8.30.
( , ) ,
. , . AutoCAD / ( ) /. /
, DIMDLI (
); DIMBASELINE ( )
AutoCAD :
Command: dimbaseline
Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select>]: ( )
, AutoCAD
,
. , LINE (), Baseline
Dimension ( ) . , IJEnterj ()
.


;

. . , 8.32, Aligned dimensioning
( ). , Continue ( ),
8.31, , D, , . AutoCAD :
Command: dimcontinue
Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select>]: ( )

234

AutoCAD 2006
Dimension text ( )
...( D, , , |])
- /

. 8.31. Continue ( )
Dimension ()

, ,

,6

,8

. 8.32.


QDIM ( )
, 8.33. , 8.34, Quick Dimension ( ) . QDIM ( ) AutoCAD :
Command: qdim
Select geometry to dimension: ( ||Enter|)

8.

235

Dimension

-1
. 8.33. Quick Dimensioning ()
Dimension ()

. 8.34.
()
, .
Specify dimension line position, or [Continuous/Staggered/Baseline/Ordinate/Radius/
Diameter/datumPoint/Edit] <Continuous>: (
)


QLEAOER ( ) , , 8.35. QLEADER (
) ,
() , ( )
. QLEADER ( ) AutoCAD :
Command: qleader
Specify the first leader point, or <Settings>: (
JEnter],
Leader Settings ( ))
Specify next point: ( , )

AutoCAD 2006

236

Specify text width <0.0000>: ( )


Enter first line of annotation text <Mtext>: (
, Multiline Text Editor
( ))
Enter next line of annotation text: (
(jEnterj QLEADER ( ))

. 8.35. QLEADER ( )
Dimension ()

, ,
, . ,
.

Settings ()
, AutoCAD Leader Settings ( ), , , ,
, .


DIMCENTER ( ) (. 8.36) , ,
8.37.

8.

237

^Center MaTk]

AT

. 8.36. DIMCENTER ( )
Dimension ()

. 8.37.
DIMCENTER ( ) AutoCAD :
Command: dimcenter
Select arc or circle: ( )
, AutoCAD DIMCEN.


Feature Control Frame
( ), . , , , . , , , .
Geometric Tolerance ( ),
8.38, AutoCAD Geometric Tolerance ( ), ,
.

AutoCAD 2006

238

tfl

1 Tolerance.

/. 5.35. Geometric Tolerance ( )


Dimension ()

DIMEDIT ( )

Dimension Edit

.8.39. DIMEDIT ( )
Dimension ()
DIMEDIT ( ), 8.39, , ,
, , , .. , . ,
( ) ( Oblique ()). DIMEDIT ( ) AutoCAD :
Command: dimedit
Enter type of dimension editing [Home/New/Rotate/Oblique]<Home>: ( |"<|, Home (),
)
() .
AutoCAD :
Select objects: ( Enter)
New () .
AutoCAD Multiline Text Editor ( ), . AutoCAD :

8.

239

Select objects: ( ,
)
Rotate () . AutoCAD :
Specify angle for dimension text: ( )
Select objects: ( ,
)
Oblique ()
. ,
, . , .
AutoCAD :
Select objects: ( )
Enter obliquing angle (press enter for none): ( JEntarj)

DIMTEDIT ( )

^ Dimension Text Edit |

. 8.40. DIMTEDIT ( )
Dimension ()
DIMTEDIT ( ), 8.40,
( Left (EtaeBo)/Right
(BnpaBo)/Center ()/ ()),
( Rotate ()).
DIMTEDIT ( ) AutoCAD :
Command: dimtedit
Select dimension: ( )
,
. :
Specify new location for dimension text or [Left/Right/Center/Home/Angle]: (

)
AutoCAD
, .

AutoCAD 2006

240

Center () .
Left () .
Right () .
()
.
Angle () . AutoCAD
:
Specify angle for dimension text: ( )
.

DIMENSION UPDATE ( )
DIMENSION UPDATE ( ) 8.41,

Dimension Update
. 8.41. DIMENSION UPDATE ( )
Dimension ()

DIMENSION STYLE ( )
Dimension Style ( ),
8.42, , .

Dimension Style,,, j
. 8.42 DIMENSION STYLE ( )
Dimension ()

8.

241


Model (),
PLOT (), 8.43.
Plot (), 8.44.
j j File

Edit

View

Insert

Format

Tools Dr<


I ByLajier

ByL

|Plot,,, CTRL+P|

. 8.43. PLOT ()
Standard ()
SJPIoi -Model
Learn about Plotting
Page setup
| <None>

Name:

Add...

Printer/plotter

Name:

[JjENore

Plotter:

None

Where:

Not applicable

'

Description: The layout will not be plotted unless a new plotter


configuration name is selected.

Paperslje

Number of copies

ISO A4 (210.00x297.00 MM)

Plot area

Hot scale

0 Fit to paper

What to plot:
Deplay_

Scale:

"Ifmm

Plot offset (origin set to printable area)


x

111,85

Y; | -13.65

| mm

vl=

Renter the plot

| mm

Cancel

Help

. 8.44. Plot ()


Plot () Page Setup (
), Name (),

AutoCAD 2006

242

Page setup ( ).
,
. , , , .
, 8.45.
i i j Learn about Plotting
Plot sty't? table (pen assignments)

Page setup
Name:

vil

<None>

Add,..

I None

/J

Shaded viewport options

Printer/plotter
Nairn:

?None

Shade plot

As displayed

v|

Plotter:

None

Quafty

iNormal

Where:

Not applicable

Description: The layout will not be plotted uniess a new plotter


configuration name is selected.

Plot options
Ptotinbacfcsround
0 H u t otfflxt fn&Hti&ts

Paser $ije

Plot with plot styles


!

-;-!: papsrspeca la#

Plot aree

[3ndepapwspat>s tfciecti

What to plot:
! [Display

Pic* stamp OQ
VJ

OSa^e changes to layout

. - Plot offset (origin set tc printable area)

v.

-13,65

Drawing orientation
Portrait

D&nter the plot

I 11.55

Landscape

I mm

Apply to

. 8.45. Plot ()


Page Setup ( ) .
- ,
Add (), , Plot ().

Printer/Plotter (/)
Printer/Plotter (/)
. Name () / -, .
Plotter ( ) ,
. Where () , ,
. Properties () Plotter Configuration ( )

8.

243

. Description ()
. Plot to
file ( ), ,
. Plot
() Plot to file ( ),
.
Partial Preview ( )
.

Paper Size ()
Paper Size () . , , .
( X) ( Y). Add-a-Plotter ( ).

Numbers of Copies ( )
Number of Copies ( )
. , .

Plot Area ( )
What to Plot ( ) Plot Area ( ) ,
:

Display () - ,
;

Limits () - PLOT () Model () ,


, ;

Layout () - PLOT () , ,
;

Extents () - , ;

View () - , VIEW (). .


, ;

Window () -
, .
.

244

AutoCAD 2006

Plot Scale ( )
Plot Scale ( ) . Fit to paper (), , .
, Fit to paper ()
Scale (). ,
, (), , . 1:1 (
). , , Scale lineweights ( ).
. , , , .

Plot Offset ( )
Plot Offset ( ) . , .
.
, Center the plot (),
Plot () ,
.

Plot Style Table (Pen Assignment)


( )
Plot Style Table (Pen Assignment) ( )
, .
, . - , ,
.
, , , , , , .
, .
, Model () ,
. New (),
Add Plot Style ( ),
.
Edit (). , , , .

8.

245^

Shaded Viewport Options ( )


Shaded Viewport Options ( )

dpi ( ):

Shade Plot ( ) , , Properties () ;

Quality () , . Draft ()
. Preview () , 150 . Normal
() ,
300 . Presentation (), , , , ,
600 . Maximum ()
, , - . Custom () DPI
(/), .

Plot Options ( )
Plot Options ( ) , , :
^

Plot in background ( )
;

Plot object lineweights ( ) . , ,


;

Plot with a plot styles ( ) , ;

Plot paperspace last ( ) ;

Hide paper space object ( )


;

*/ Plot stamp on ( .) ;

Save changes to layout ( ) , Plot (), .

AutoCAD 2006

246

Draw Orientation ( )
Draw Orientation ( )
, , :

Portrait ()
;

Landscape ()
;

Plot upside-down ()
180 .

,

, . , Preview (
). AutoCAD Plot (), , ,
, ,
8.46.
E l AutoCAD >06 |:\ FitaiUuIoCAl) W06IS

pick button t f dreg vertical to , ESC a ENTER to A, or ridht-cfck to <**( shorten

. 8.46. ,

8.

247

+ -. . . .

: Pan (), Zoom
(), Zoom Window ( ), Zoom Original ( ), Plot () Exit (). Plot (), Exit ().

Plot Preview ( ) File ().


. AutoCAD
.
- ,
- ,
Cancel ().

1
AutoCAD 2006

3d


,
,

Box - ;
Cone - ;
Dish - ;
Dome - ;
Mesh - N;
Pyramid - ;
Sphere - ;
Torus - ;
Wedge -

3darray

Rectangular - .
X (), Y () Z (). ,
;
Polar Array -
.

3DCLIP

-.
.
, .


3D0rbit

3DConfig

3DCORBIT

AutoCAD 2006

249


3D0rbit
3DDISTANCE

Adjust
Distance (
)
3DOrbit

3DDWFPublish

DWF-
-.
3DDWF Publish
( 3DDWF)

3DFACE

First point - ,
, . ,
AutoCAD ,
.
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.
,
i
,
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.
;
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250

3DMESH


( N)


,
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3DORBIT


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3DPAN

Pan
3D0rbit

.

,
.
,


,
; - .



3D0rbitCTR

3DP0LY

Endpoint of line - -

. ,
Enter

AutoCAD 2006

251

Undo -
.
Close - , .
-

3DSIN


3D Studio,

, , , ,
,

3DSOUT


3D Studio

3DSWIVEL

Swivel
Camera ( ) 3DOrbit

3DZOOM

3DZOOM
.


,
.

.
,




(+) (-).

252

, ,
, ,

.
, , ,
,

About



AutoCAD

Acisin

ACIS-

Acisout


AutoCAD
ACIS

Adcclose

Design Center
( ).

Adcenter


, , , ..

Adcnavigate

,
,

Align



-
2-

AMECONVERT

2 2.1

AutoCAD

AutoCAD 2006

Aperture

253


- 1 50

Appload


, ,
.

Load/Unload
Applications (/ )

Area

Add -


;
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,
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Arc
(A)

Subtract -
Object -

Enter, , AutoCAD

. . . ,
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(1),
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(2)
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Angle - , (1);
(2)
.
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254

Chord Length - , ,
.
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.
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End -
Arc - ,

(1) (2) . , AutoCAD
Direction - ,
.
;
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(2).

Radius - ,

(1) (2). , AutoCAD

Archive

Array
-Array


Array ().
,

Rectangular -

,

Polar -
,

ARX


ObjectARX-

? - ,
ObjectARX
Load - ,

AutoCAD 2006

'

255

Unload - ObjectARX
Commands - AcEd
Options -
ObjectARX

AssistClose

Assist
'assist

'assist -
-

Back -
Forward -

Print -
Lock -

Attachurl

Area - URLLayer ,
,
URL
Object - URL

Attdef
-attdef


Attribute Definition
( )

.

attribute modes - ,
. AFLAGS


attribute tag name - ,

.
,
(!).
AutoCAD

attribute prompt - ,

256

,
. Enter,
AutoCAD
.

default attribute value -, .


.
. AutoCAD

Attribute Value -
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'attdisp -
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. ; -
On - ,
Off - ,
AutoCAD ( ,

REGENAUTO, ).
ATTMODE

Attedit

Yes - ,
. ,



.
.

Value - ,

Position -

Height -

AutoCAD 2006

Attext

-attext

Attredef

8,

Back ()
Forward ().
,

Angle -

, ,
,

CDF - CDF






.

. , ,
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.

Attsync




,

.
Attsync , .
?,

9-629

257

Style -
Layer -
Color -
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. ,
Attedit
SDF - SDF
DXF - DXF
Objects -

258

.


Enter,




,


.
Audit




,

,
; .

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( )
AUDITCTL ( 1),

AUDIT ASCII-

.
,
- .adt
Background


.

Background ()

AutoCAD 2006

259

Array -

Baction

Move -
Scale -
Stretch -
Polar Stretch -

BactionSet

BactionTool

New -

Array -

Modify -

Move -
Scale -
Stretch -
Polar Stretch -
LookUp -
Flip -

Base

Base , ,
(0,0,0).


, .
'base -

base INSBASE
,

Bassosiate

260

Battmann


.
BattOrder

.
Attribute Order (
)

BauthorPaletteClose

BAuthorPalette

BCIose

BCycleOrder

BEdit

BGripSet

Bhatch
-bhatch

Blipmode
'blipmode

ON -

OFF -

AutoCAD 2006

261

Block

Block Name - ,
.
255 .
, ,
, Microsoft
Windows AutoCAD
(
EXTNAMES 1)

Blocklcon

, 14-
,

BlockUptAble

Bmpout


- BMP

Boundary
-boundary

Box

corner of box -

Alignment -

BParameter

CEnter -

Base -
pOint -
Linear -
Polar -
XY - XY-
Rotation -
Flip -
Visiblity -
lookUp -

262

Break

Browser



Web-

BSaveAs

BSave

BVHide

BVShow

BVState

Cal

CAMERA

Chamfer

,

.

First Line -

Edge -

Loop -
,
Undo -

AutoCAD 2006

263

Polyline -
Distance - (
)
Angle -

Trim - , AutoCAD

mEthod -
:

Multiple -

Change

,
, ,

Checkstandards

.

Check Standards
( )

Chprop

Change point -

Properties -

LAyer -

Color -

LType -
Thickness - Z
ItScale -
LWeight - .
.
,
,

264

PLotstyle - . -
,
.

Circle

()

center point -
()
-

2 -

Ttr -
,

CleanScreenOff

,
,
CleanScreenOn

CleanScreenOn

Closeall


.
, ,

Close

.
,
.

:

AutoCAD 2006

265

,
,
,


.
, ,
SAVEAS
Color


.
(
1 255)
( ). ,
,
1 (
),



bylayer byblock.
,


( ) ,

.

CommandLine

266

CommandLineHide

COMPILE


PostScript

Cone

center point for base -


,
13-
Autocad,
,

Hatch - ,

Convert

<'

Convertctb



()

(STB)

Convertpstyles


.
Convertpstyles

,

Copybase


Windows

Copyclip


Windows. .
OLE-
Copyclip

Elliptical -

Polyline - ,
-
,

AutoCAD 2006

267

[at ?i


ctrl

11
i+lfC|.
,

.


,

()

CopyHist

CopyLink



Windows OLE

CUl


,
, , , .
Customize
User Interface ( )

CUIExport


acad.cui
acad.cui.


Customize User Interface

268

( )
CUIImport


acad.cui
acad.cui.


Customize User Interface
( )

CUILoad

CUI .
Load/Unload
Customizations (/ )

CUIUnload

CUI .
Load/ Unload
Customizations (/ )

Customize

CutClip


.


OLE-

Cylinder

center point - ,

Elliptical -
Axis Endpoint -
Center -

DBCCIose

AutoCAD 2006

DBCCIose

dbConnect (
)

DBCONNECT

AutoCAD . AutoCAD
dbConnect
( )

DBICLKEdit

DBList

DDEdit

DDPType

DDVPoint

Delay


;
. . 1000

1 .

- 32767 (
33 )

269

270

Detachurl

Dim or dim1

Dist

Divide

Doughnut
(Donut)
Dragmode

DrawingRecovery

DrawingRecoveryHide

DrawOrder

DSettings

, ,

Dsviewer

Aerial View
( )


ZOOM PAN

Dtext

Block -

ON
OFF
Auto
:

AutoCAD 2006

Dview

(DV)

271

.
Camera -

CLip -
Distance -
,
Hide -
Off -
Pan -
Points -
Target -
Twist -
Undo -

Zoom -

Dwgprops


.

Drawing Properties
( )

Dxbin

Eattedit

Eattext



. Attribute
Extraction wizard (
)

Edge

272

Edgesurf

Elev

Ellipse

Axis Endpoint -
,

Arc -
Center -
Isocircle -

Erase
(E)
Etransmit

,
,

Explode

Export

Extend

Fence - ,

Crossing - ,
Project - ,

Edge -
,
-
Undo - ,
Extend

AutoCAD 2006

273

Extrude

Height of Extrusion - Z
Path - ,

Fileopen

Fill


(, .)

Fillet

Undo -

Polyline -
2-,
2
Radius -
Trim - ,
Multiple -
1

Filter


.

Object
Selection Filters (
)

Find

, ,
.

Find
and Replace (
)

Fog

274

Gotourl

Gradient


. Hatch and Gradient
( )

Graphscr

Grid
F7
On/Off
toggle

ON -
OFF -
Snap -

Aspect -

Group
-Group




,
.
Object Grouping
( )

? -
,
Add -
Remove -
Explode -
REname -
Selectable - ,
.
Create -

Hatch
-Hatch


(),

Properties -

Select Objects -

draW boundary -

Remove boundaries -

AutoCAD 2006

275

Advanced -

DRaw order -

Origin -

Hatched

Hatch
Edit (
)

Help

Hide

Hlsettings


. Hidden Line
Settings (
)

Hyperlink

Hyperlinkoptions

Id

Imageadjust


, ,

Imageattach

On -
,
Off - ,

276

Delete -

New boundaries -

Imageframe

Image



BMP,
TIFF, RLE, JPG, PCX, TGA

Imagequality

Import


Autocad.

Insert
-Insert

High -
Draft -

Basepoint -
, , ,

Scale -
X, Y Z
Scale - X, Y Z
X - X
Y - Y
Z - Z
Rotate -

PScale - X, Y Z

- X

AutoCAD 2006

277

PY - Y


PZ - Z


PRotate -

Insertobj

Interfere

Intersect

Isoplane
CTRL + E

Join


,
,

Jpgout



ipg


Justifytext

Layer
(LA)
-Layer

Left -
Right -
-
Enter -

? - ,

Make -

278

Set -
New -
ON -

OFF -
Color -
Ltype -
LWeight -

Plot - ,

PStyle -

Freeze - ,

Thaw -
LOck - ,
Unlock -
State -

Layerp

Layerpmode

/ ,

Layout

- ,
Delete -
New -
Template -

Rename -
SAve -
Set -
? - ,

AutoCAD 2006

Layoutwizard

Laytrans

, .

Layer Translator
( )

Leader

279

Annotation -
-
Format -

Undo -

Lengthen

Delta -

Percent -
Total -
Dynamic -

Light



. Lights ()

Limits

(-.
)

Line
(L)

2 -

ON

OFF -

Close -
Undo -
Enter -

280

Linetype
-Linetype

? -
Create -
LIN-
Load - ,

Set -
,

List

Load

, .

Logfileoff


, LOGFILEON

Logfiieon

Lsedit


. Landscape Edit ( )

Lslib


.

Landscape Library ( )

Lsnew

, ,

Ltscale

AutoCAD 2006

Lweight


, , .

Lineweight Settings ( )

Markupclose

Markup Set
Manager (
)

Markup



.
Markup Set Manager
( )

Massprop

Matchcell

Matchprop

Matlib


.

Materials Library ( )

Measure

Menu


,
Autocad.

281

Block -

282


Menuload


.
Load /
Unload Customization
( /
)

Menuunload


.
Load /
Unload Customization
( /
)

Minsert

Scale - X, Y Z
X - X
Y - Y
Z - Z
Rotate -

PScale - X, Y Z

- X


PY - Y


PZ - Z


PRotate -

Mirror3D

Object -

283

AutoCAD 2006

Last -

ZAxis -

XY/YZ/ZX - -

XY, YZ, ZX
3 Points -
Mirror

Mledit

.
Multilines edit tools
( )

Mline


,

()

Mlstyle


.
Multiline Style
( )

Model

Move
(M)

Mredo


Undo U.

Mslide


(SLD)

Yes - -
No - -

Justification -

Scale -
Style -

284



Mspace
(MS)

Mtedit

Mtext

Justify -
Rotation -
Style -
Heigh -
Width -

Line spacing -

Multiple

Mview.

ON -

OFF -

Hideplot - ,
Fit - ,

2, 3, 4 - 2, 3,4
,

Restore -
Lock -

Object -
Polygonal -

AutoCAD 2006

285

Mvsetup

Netload

.net-

New

Newsheetset

Offset

Distance -
Through - ,
,
Erase - -

Layer - , ,

delinks

Olescale


OLE-

Oops


ERASE

Opendwfmarkup

DWF-,

Open

Opensheetset

Options


Autocad

Ortho
F8

286

Osnap


.
Drafting
Settings ( )

Pagesetup


(
,
.)- Page Setup Manager
(
)

Pan

()

Partiaload

Partialopen


, ,

Pasteashyper
link

Pasteblock

Pasteclip



Windows

Pasteorig

Pastespec

AutoCAD 2006

287

Windows
.

Pcinwizard


2-

Pedit

Multiple - 1

2-
Close - , 1

Pface

Plan

Current ucs -
Ucs -
World -

Pline
(PL)

(


)

ENTER -
Arc -
Close -

Lenght - (
- )
Angle -
Center -
Direction -
Line -

Radius -
Second pt -

Plot


Plot ()

Plotstamp

288

Plot
Stamp ( )
Plotstyle
-Plotstyle

Plottermanager

Pngout

Point

Polygon

? -
Current -

Center of Polygon -
:
Circumscribed -
Inscribed -
Edge -

Preview

Properties

Propertiesclose

Psetupin



(layout)

Pspace
(PS)

AutoCAD 2006

289


Publish


dwf-.


Publish ()

Publishtoweb

HTML,

Purge
-Purge


, ,
,
.
Purge ()

- ,
Blocks -
Layers -
Ltypes -
Shapes -
textSTyles
Dimstyles -
Plotstyles
Mlinestyles -
Tablestyles -

Qdim

Continuous -
Staggered - ,

Baseline - ,

Ordinate - (
)
Radius -
Diametr -
Datum Point -

Edit -
Settings -

Qleader

10-629

Settings -

290

Qnew

Qsave

(

)

Qselect


, , ,
, ..
Quick
Select (
)

Qtext

Quickcalc

Quit


Autocad

Ray

- , .

Recover

Rectang

ON -
OFF -

Chamfer -
Elevation -
Fillet -
Thickness -
Width -

AutoCAD 2006

Redefine

Redo


,
U
UNDO

Redraw

(R)
Redrawall

Refclose

Refedit
-Refedit

Refset

,
UNDEFINE

Save -

Ok -

Add -

Regen

Regenall

Regenauto

,
,

Region

Reinit

/,

10'

291

Discard reference changes -


Next -

Remove -

ON -

OFF -

292

, ,
PGP.

Re-initialization ( )
Rename

, , , , , ,
.
Rename ()

Render

Rendscr

Replay


BMP, TGA TIFF.


SAVEIMG

ResetBlock

Resume

Revcloud

Revolve

Arc length -
Object - ,

Style -
Start Point -

AutoCAD 2006

293

Object -

X (axis) - X

Y (axis) - Y

Revsurf

Rmat


Materials () ,

Rmlin
Rotate

Rotate3D

Reference -

Object -

Last -

View - ,

X Axis - X
Y Axis - Y
Z Axis - Z
2 points - 2

Rpref


Rendering Preferences
( ),

294

Rscript

Rulesurf

Save


SAVEAS

,

Saveas

,
.

QSAVE

Saveimg


. Save
image (
)

Scale

(
)

-
Reference"-
Points - 2

Scalelistedit

,
,
.
Edit
Scale List ( )

Scaletext

AutoCAD 2006

Scene

Script

Section

295



, .

Scene ()

Object - , ,
Zaxis -

Z
View - -

XY - XY

YZ - YZ

ZX - ZX

Securityoptions


.
Security Options
( )

Select

Setidrophandler


Autodesk

Setuv

Setvar

? -

Shademode

2D wireframe -

296

3D wireframe -

Hidden -
Flat -
Gouraund -

fLat+edges -

gOuraund+edges -

Shape

Sheetsethide

Sheet Set
Manager (
)

Sheetset

Sheet Set
Manager (
)

Shell


Autocad

Showmat

Sigvalidate

Sketch

? -

Connect -

Erase - ()
- /
Quit -

Record -

EXit -
. -

297

AutoCAD 2006

Slice

Snap
F9



,

.

Snap spacing -

ON -
OFF -
Aspect -

Rotate -

Style -

-

Soldraw

Solid

Solidedit

SOLVIEW

Face -
Edge -
Body -
Undo -
EXit -

Solprof

Solview

,
SOLDRAW

Yes - ;
No - .

Ucs -
Ortho -
Auxiliary -
Section -

Spacetrance

298

Spell

Sphere

Radius -

Spline

Object -
2- 3-

Splinedit

Fit Data -


.

Check Spelling
( )
Diameter -

Close -
Move vertex -

Refine -
REverse -

Undo -

Standards

.
Confi-gure Standards
(
)

Stats

. Statistics ()

Status

Stlout



ASCII-

Stretch


,
, .

AutoCAD 2006

299

3-
Style

;

, , .
Text
Style ( )

Stylesmanager

Subtruct

Syswindows

Cascade -

tile Horizontal -
tile Vertical - -

Arrange icons -

Table

. Insert Table
( )

Tabled

Tableexport



CSV

Tablestyle


.
Table Style (
)

300

Tablet

ON -
OFF -
CAL -
CFG -

Tabsurf


, ,

Taskbar

,

Windows
,

Text

Textscr
F2

Autocad,

Texttofront

Tifout


tiff

Time

Tinsert


. Insert a Block in a Table
Cell (
)

Tolerance

Justify -

Style - ,

Text -
Dimensions -
Both - ,

Display -

ON -
OFF -
Reset -

AutoCAD 2006

301

Geometric
Tolerance ( )
Toolbar
-Toolbar

ToolPalettes
Close

Tool
Palettes (
)

ToolPalettes

Tool
Palettes (
).

Torus

Trace

Transparency

Traysettings

Treestat


, ,
.
TREEDEPTH

Trim

UCS

Toolbar name -
-

Radius -
Diametr -

ON -
OFF -

New - 3

302

()

Z Axis -
Z
3 point - :
, X
Y
Object - ,
3
Face -

View - , Z
X -
X
Y -
Y
Z -
Z
Move -

Z

Orthographic - 6

Prev - - 10

Restore -
,
Save -
Del -
Apply -
,

? - ,
World -

AutoCAD 2006

Ucsicon

303

ON -
OFF -
-
Noorigin -

Origin -

Properties - UCS
Icon (-),
,

Ucsman

UCS
()

Undefine

Undo

;
, U

Auto - U UNDO

Control - ,
UNDO
- UNDO
None -
U UNDO
UNDO
One U
UNDO
Combine - ,
Pan
Zoom
Undo Redo
Begin -
End -

Mark - :

304

Back -

Union

Units

,
.

Drawing Units ( )

Updatefield



, ,

Updatethumps
now

Vbaide


Visual Basic

Vbaload


VBA-
Autocad.


,

VBA
Manager (
VBA-)
VBA-.

Macros ()

Vbaman

Vbarun

Vbastmt
Vbaunload

Viewplotdetaiis


VBA

VBA-


.

AutoCAD 2006

305


Plot and Publish Details
(
)
Viewres

View
-View

? -
,
Categorize -

lAyer State -

Orthographic -
Delete -
Restore -

Save -
UCS - ,
Window -

Vlisp


Visual LISP

Vpclip

Object -

Polygonal -

Delete -

306

Vplayer

? - ,
Freeze -

Thaw -

Reset -

Newfrz - ,
Vpvisdflt -

Vpmax

Vpmin

.
,
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Vpoint

Rotate -

view point -

Enter -

Vports
-Vports

,


.
Viewports
( )

:
Save -
Restore -

Delete -

Single -
,

AutoCAD 2006

307

? -

2,3,4 -
2,3,4
:
On - ,
,
OFF -
Fit - ,

Shadeplot - ,
Lock - ;
Object -
Polygonal -
Restore -

2,3,4 -
2, 3, 4

Vslide


-.

Vpoint


.
View Transitions ( ),

Wblock

Wedge

corner of wedge -

308

( )

CEnter -

Whohas

.


.


.

,
,
, ,

Wipeout

WMFin

Windows - WMF.

.
WMF

Scale -
X, Y Z
X - X
Y - Y
Z - Z
Rotate -
WMF-
PScale -
X, Y Z
WMF-

- X
PY - Y
PZ - Z

AutoCAD 2006

309

Protate -
WMF-

WMFopts

WMFIN
WMF In
Options ( WMF)

WMFout



Windows - WMF.

Workspace

, ,

CetCurrent -
SAveas -
Edit - Customize User
Interface ( )
Rename -

Delete -
SEttings - Workspace
Settings ( )
? -

Wssave
-Wssave

.
Save Workspace ( )
- Wssave : Save

Workspace as :

(
<>:)
Wssettings




Workspace Settings
(
)

310

Xattach

Xbind
-xbind

Block -


Xbind

ON -

Xclip


.
Select Reference
File (
),
External Reference
( )

Dimstyle -
Layer -
Style -

OFF -

Clipdepth -

, , ,
Delete -

generate Polyline - , .

New -

Xline

-

Ver -

Ang -

Bisect -

AutoCAD 2006

311

Offset -

XPIode


.

,
,

.

Individually -
, :
- , ,
,

Color -

Layer -

Global -

Xref
-Xref

? - , ,
,

Bind -
,
Detach -
,

.
,

Path - ,
.
,

Unload - ,
Reload -
Overlay- Enter Name
of File to Overlay (

312

), ,
.
,

Attach - External Reference ( ),


,
,
'Zoom
(Z)

-
Center - , ,
,
,
Dinamic - ,
, .
,

Extents -

313


DimAligned

DimAngular

arc - .
.

circle -
.

line -

select object - ,

DimArc

Mtext - ,

Text -
Angle -
Partial -
Leader -

DimBaseLline

DimCenter

DimContinue

314
DimDiameter

DimDisassociate

DimEdit

DimEdit -

New -
Rotate -
Oblique -

dimJogged

Mtext - ,

Text -
Angle -

Dimlinear

Mtext - ,

Text -
Angle -
Horizontal -
Vertical -
Rotated -

DimOrdinate

Mtext - ,
-
Text -
Angle -
Xdatum - -
Ydatum - Y-

DimOverride

DimRadius

Mtext - ,

315
Text -
Angle -

DimReassociate

Dimregen

Dim Style

DimTEdit

Left -
Right -
Center -
-

Angle -

Leader

316

DIMADEC

DIMALT

Off

DIMALTD

DIMALTF

25,4

DIMALTRND

0,0000

DIMALTTD

DIMALTTZ

DIMALTU

DIMALTZ


.
0 3

DIMAPOST

, ( )

,

None

DIMASO

On

DIMASSOC

DIMASZ

0.18

DIMATFIT

DIMAUNIT

317

DIMAZIN

DIMBLK

,
.
, (.)

,
.

None

DIMBLK1


(
DIMSAH).

, (.).

DIMBLK

None

DIMBLK2


(
DIMSAH).

, (.).

DIMBLK

None

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