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1.1. Introduction
1.2. Members of the Beatles
1.3. John Lennon
1.4. Paul McCartney
1.5. George Harrison
1.6. Ringo Starr
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The Beatles were an English rock band, formed in Liverpool in 1960 and
one of the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed acts in the
history of popular music. From 1962 the group consisted of John Lennon
(rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison
(lead guitar, vocals) and Ringo Starr (drums, vocals). Rooted in skiffle and
1950s rock and roll, the group later worked in many genres ranging from folk
rock to psychedelic pop, often incorporating classical and other elements in
innovative ways. The nature of their enormous popularity, which first emerged
as the "Beatlemania" fad, transformed as their songwriting grew in
sophistication. The group came to be perceived as the embodiment of
progressive ideals, seeing their influence extend into the social and cultural
revolutions of the 1960s.
With an early five-piece line-up of Lennon, McCartney, Harrison, Stuart
Sutcliffe (bass) and Pete Best (drums), The Beatles built their reputation in
Liverpool and Hamburg clubs over a three-year period from 1960. Sutcliffe left

the group in 1961, and Best was replaced by Starr the following year. Moulded
into a professional outfit by music store owner Brian Epstein after he offered to
act as the group's manager, and with their musical potential enhanced by the
hands-on creativity of producer George Martin, The Beatles achieved UK
mainstream success in late 1962 with their first single, "Love Me Do". Gaining
international popularity over the course of the next year, they toured
extensively until 1966, then retreated to the recording studio until their breakup
in 1970. Each then found success in an independent musical career. McCartney
and Starr remain active; Lennon was shot and killed in 1980, and Harrison died
of cancer in 2001.
During their studio years, The Beatles produced what critics consider
some of their finest material, including the album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts

Club Band (1967), widely regarded as a masterpiece. Nearly four decades after
their breakup, The Beatles' music continues to be popular. The Beatles have
had more number one albums on the UK charts, and held down the top spot
longer, than any other musical act. According to RIAA certifications, they have
sold more albums in the US than any other artist. In 2008, Billboard magazine
released a list of the all-time top-selling Hot 100 artists to celebrate the US
singles chart's fiftieth anniversary, with The Beatles at number one. They have
been honoured with 7 Grammy Awards, and they have received 15 Ivor Novello
Awards from the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors. The

Beatles were collectively included in Time magazine's compilation of the 20th

century's 100 most important and influential people.
Members of the Beatles
Members of the Beatles, and their biographies, stretches back to early 1957
when John Lennon formed the Quarrymen (named after his Quarrybank
School). On July 7th 1957, Ivan Vaughn, a mutual friend of John Lennons and
Paul McCartneys, brought them together at the Woolton Village Fete and the
rest, as they say, is history. John invited Paul to join the band (according to
Paul Because I knew all the words to Eddie Cochrans Twenty Flight
Rockand Paul brought his younger but musically superior friend George
Harrison (George could read music, John & Paul could notbut boy could they
write!) and in the summer of 1962 Ringo replaced Pete Best as the Beatles
drummer. This was the line up for the band until they broke up at the end of
Along this timeline there are many other important people that helped (or
sometimes hindered) the Beatles historical progression like: Brian Epstein,
George Martin, Allen Klein, Stu Sutcliffe, Pete Best, Tony Sheridan, Dick James,
Pattie Boyd, Cynthia Lennon, Jane Asher, Maureen Cox, Linda McCartney, Derek
Taylor, Mal Evans and many more.

John Lennon
John Lennon or John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (born John Winston Lennon;
October 9, 1940 December 8, 1980) was an English rock musician, singer,
writer, songwriter, artist, actor and peace activist who gained worldwide fame
as one of the founding members of The Beatles. Lennon along with Paul
McCartney formed one of the most influential and successful songwriting
partnerships and "wrote some of the most popular music in rock and roll
history". Lennon revealed his rebellious nature and wit on television, in films
such as A Hard Day's Night, in books such as In His Own Write, and in press
conferences and interviews. He was controversial through his work as a peace
activist, artist, and author.
After The Beatles, Lennon launched a successful solo career by releasing the
critically acclaimed albums John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band and Imagine and
writing songs such as "Give Peace a Chance" and "Imagine". After a selfimposed "retirement" from 1976 to 1980, Lennon reemerged with a comeback
album, Double Fantasy, which would win the 1981 Grammy Award for Album of
the Year. One month after the release of the album, Lennon was murdered in
New York City on December 8, 1980.
John Lennon had two sons: Julian Lennon, with his first wife Cynthia Lennon,
and Sean Ono Lennon, with his second wife, avant-garde artist Yoko Ono.

In 2002, respondents to a BBC poll on the 100 Greatest Britons voted John
Lennon into eighth place. In 2004, Rolling Stone magazine ranked Lennon
number 38 on its list of "The Immortals: The Fifty Greatest Artists of All Time"
and ranked The Beatles at number one. He was also ranked fifth greatest
singer of all time by Rolling Stone in 2009.
When John Lennon decided that he wanted to try making music himself, he and
fellow Quarry Bank Grammar School friend, Eric Griffiths, took guitar lessons at
Hunts Cross in Liverpool, although Lennon gave up the lessons soon after.
Lennon started The Quarrymen in March 1957. On July 6, 1957, Lennon met
McCartney at the Quarrymen's second concert at the St. Peter's Church
Woolton Garden fte. McCartney's father told his son that Lennon would get
him "into a lot of trouble", but later allowed The Quarrymen to rehearse in the
front room at 20 Forthlin Road. There, Lennon and McCartney began writing
songs together. The first song Lennon completed was "Hello, Little Girl" when
he was 18 years old, which later became a hit for the Fourmost. McCartney
convinced Lennon to allow George Harrison to join the Quarrymen (even
though Lennon thought Harrison to be too young) after Harrison played the
song "Raunchy" for Lennon on the upper deck of a bus.] Harrison joined the
band as lead guitarist, and Stuart Sutcliffe Lennon's friend from art school
later joined as bassist. After a series of name changes, the group decided on
The Beatles. Lennon was always considered the leader of the group, as

McCartney explained: "We all looked up to John. He was older and he was very

much the leader - he was the quickest wit and the smartest and all that kind of
Art was actually Lennon's first love. He began drawing long before he had a
guitar, then attended the prestigious Liverpool Art Institute.
John Lennon Artwork is historic. Art was actually Lennon's first love. He began
drawing long before he had a guitar, then attended the prestigious Liverpool
Art Institute for three years (1957-60) before the Beatles became a full-time
occupation. He continued to draw throughout his life.
During his early years John began turning out a series of finely detailed line
drawings, many of which were blistering caricatures of his teachers. He had
given them names like Hairy Smelly Smith, Nick OTeen and Warty Hairy B.

Turner. Two of his drawings from 1952 titled Football and Indians appeared on
the cover of his Walls and Bridges album in 1974.
In 1970 he chose 14 drawings from the "Bag One" portfolio to be produced as
stone lithographics in a limited edition intended to be sold in galleries. He
personally signed each lithograph and attended the premier opening in London
Lennon's drawings became illustrations for three best-selling books that he
wrote in the 1960's. In addition, a complete suite of the "Bag One" portfolio of

lithographs is in the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New

York. Original drawings are also being collected by museums throughout the
John originally created a portfolio of drawings in 1969 which he entitled "Bag
One". These drawings depicted John and Yoko's wedding and honeymoon and
he presented them to her as a wedding gift. When the drawings were released
as lithographs they were confiscated by police in several countries because the
erotic contents of some of the drawings were considered to be obscene.
Although the charges for obscenity never held up in court, many of the
lithographs were destroyed by mishandling and John was discouraged from
showing his artwork in public for many years after.
John once said "If art were to redeem man, it could do so only by saving him

from the seriousness of life, and restoring him to an unexpected boyishness."

The Beatles were John Lennon's band, he put them together and was their
leader and cheerleader. When John Lennon shouted "Where are we going
boys?" the others would reply

"To the Toppermost of the Poppermost,

Johnny". He made the big decisions and sang the bulk of the lead vocals. At
one point the band was even called Johnny and the Moondogs, thankfully it
was later changed to the Beatles. On the Fab Four's A Hard Days


soundtrack album John wrote 10 of the 13 songs credited to

Lennon/McCartney. John's wit and sarcasm became a defining trademark of the

band during the Beatles concerts (and on a number of occasions got the band
in a little bit of hot water), interviews and most famously the Beatles press
He was an artist with words, both for poetry and songwriting, and an excellent
sketch artist who's work is immediately recognisable around the art world and
the Beatle Community. Although unable to read music, and not very technically
proficient, John Lennon could see the most beautiful melodies in his head and
then produce the perfect words to go with them.
As we all know, his life ended prematurely and tragically in New York.

Paul McCartney
Sir James Paul McCartney MBE (b. June 18, 1942) is a multiple Grammy Awardwinning English singer-songwriter, poet, composer, multi-instrumentalist,
entrepreneur, record producer, film producer, painter, and animal rights
activist. He gained worldwide fame as a member of The Beatles, with John
Lennon, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr. Paul McCartney and John Lennon
formed one of the most influential and successful songwriting partnerships and
wrote some of the most popular music in rock and roll history. After leaving The
Beatles, Paul McCartney launched a successful solo career and formed the band
Wings with his first wife, Linda Eastman McCartney, and singer-songwriter











ambient/electronica music; released a large catalogue of songs as a solo artist;

and taken part in projects to help international charities.
Paul McCartney is listed in Guinness World Records as the most successful
musician and composer in popular music history, with 60 gold discs and sales of
100 million singles. His song "Yesterday" is listed as the most covered song in
history - by over 3,700 artists so far - and has been played more than
7,000,000 times on American television and radio. Wings' 1977 single "Mull of
Kintyre" became the first single to sell more than two million copies in the UK,
and remains the UK's top selling non-charity single. (Three charity singles have

since surpassed it in sales; the first to do soin 1984was Band Aid's "Do
They Know It's Christmas?", whose participants included McCartney.)
His company MPL Communications owns the copyrights to more than 3,000
songs, including all of the songs written by Buddy Holly, along with the
publishing rights to such musicals as Guys and Dolls, A Chorus Line, and
Grease. Paul McCartney is also an advocate for animal rights, vegetarianism,
and music education; he is active in campaigns against landmines, seal hunting,
and Third World debt.
When Lonnie Donnegan appeared in Liverpool and the Skiffle craze hit, Pauls
father, Jim McCartney scraped together 15 for a guitar for Paul. Paul's friend
Ivan Vaughan invited Paul to Woolton to see the Quarrymen play in Woolton on
July 6, 1957, but not really to hear the Quarrymen, it was because Vaughan
had promised Paul it would be a great place to pick up girls, which Paul was
already very interested in at the age of 14. Later in the afternoon, after hearing
the Quarrymen play, Paul borrowed a guitar and impressed the boys with all
the chords and the words to "Twenty Flight Rock". Paul's first impression of
John was that he was drunk. But Paul wrote down the words for "Twenty Flight
Rock" and "Be Bop a Lula" for him so that John could learn them. A few days
later Pete Shotten told Paul the others wanted him to join the band.

Starting in May 1960, The Beatles were managed by Allan Williams, who
booked them into Bruno Koschmider's Indra club in Hamburg. Paul McCartney's
father was reluctant to let the teenage McCartney go to Hamburg until
McCartney pointed out that he would earn 2/10s per day. As this was more
than he earned himself, Jim finally agreed.
The Beatles first played at the Indra club, sleeping in small, "dirty" rooms in the
Bambi Kino, and then moved (after the closure of the Indra) to the larger
Kaiserkeller. In October 1960, they left Koschmider's club and worked at the
"Top Ten Club", which was run by Peter Eckhorn. When Paul McCartney and
Pete Best went back to the Bambi Kino to get their belongings they found it in
almost total darkness. As a snub to Koschmider, they found a condom, attached
it to a nail on the concrete wall of their room, and set fire to it. There was no
real damage, but Koschmider reported them for attempted arson. McCartney
and Best spent three hours in a local jail and were deported, as was Harrison,
for working under the legal age limit. Lennon's work permit was revoked a few
days later and he went home by train, but Sutcliffe had a cold and stayed in
Hamburg, and then flew home.
The group reunited in December 1960, and on March 21, 1961, played their
first of many concerts at Liverpool's Cavern club. Paul McCartney realized that
other Liverpool bands were playing the same cover songs, which prompted him
and Lennon to write more original material. The Beatles returned to Hamburg in

April 1961, and recorded "My Bonnie" with Tony Sheridan. Sutcliffe left the
band after the end of their contract, so McCartney reluctantly took over bass.
After borrowing Sutcliffe's Hfner 500/5 model for a short time, he bought a
left-handed 1962 500/1 model Hfner bass. On October 1, 1961, McCartney
went with Lennon (who paid for the trip) to Paris for two weeks.
The Beatles were first seen by Brian Epstein at the Cavern club on November 9,
1961, and he later signed them to a management contract. The Beatles' road
manager, Neil Aspinall, drove them to London on December 31, 1961, where
they auditioned the next day, but were rejected by Decca Records. In April
1962, they went back to Hamburg to play at the Star-Club, and learned of
Stuart Sutcliffe's death a few hours before they arrived. The Beatles were ready
to sign a record contract on May 9, 1962, with Parlophone Recordsafter
having been rejected by many record companiesbut Epstein sacked Pete Best
(at the behest of McCartney, Lennon and Harrison; Best's replacement was
Richard Starkey, whose stage name was Ringo Starr, from Rory Storm and the
Hurricanes, although he had already performed, occasionally, with the Beatles
in Hamburg) before they signed the contract. "Love Me Do" was released on
October 5, 1962, featuring Paul McCartney singing solo on the chorus line. Over
the course of the next two years, McCartney and his band mates would rise
from relative obscurity to international stardom, an unprecedented feat at that
time for a rock-music combo.

All Lennon-McCartney songs on the first pressing of the Please Please Me album
(recorded in one day on February 11, 1963as well as the "Please Please Me"
single, "From Me to You", and its B-side, "Thank You Girl", are credited to
"McCartney-Lennon", but this was later changed to "Lennon-McCartney". They
usually needed an hour or two to finish a song, which were written in hotel
rooms after a concert, at Wimpole Street, at Cavendish Avenue, or at Kenwood
(Lennon's house). Paul McCartney also wrote songs for other artists, such as
Billy J. Kramer, Cilla Black, Badfinger, and Mary Hopkin -and most notably he
wrote two hit songs for the group Peter & Gordon-launching their career. One
song, "World Without Love", became a #1 hit in the U.K. & U.S. (Peter was the
brother of Jane Asher, Paul McCartney's girlfriend at the time).
When he was eleven he used a school prize to buy his first modern art book,
including works by Dali and Picasso. Then at fourteen he won an art prize for a
drawing of St Aidan's Church on the Speke housing estate where he lived.
Paul McCartney artwork is truly fascinating with interesting facts. When he was
eleven he used a school prize to buy his first modern art book, including works
by Dali and Picasso. Then at fourteen he won an art prize for a drawing of St
Aidan's Church on the Speke housing estate where he lived. The church
reappears in Paul's 1990 painting 'Home Territory' along with his childhood
homes in Western Avenue and Forthlin Road.

"I felt that only people who'd gone to art college were allowed to
paint" -revealed Sir Paul later.
In the early years of The Beatles, John Lennon and former member Stuart
Sutcliffe attended Art college. Paul consequently felt inhibited by his lack of
formal art training - a block he only conquered later in life. The irony is, he
didn't have any formal music training either, but this failed to prevent him from
becoming one of the most influential and pioneering songwriters of all time!
During the sixties he became friendly with art critic, John Dunbar and gallery
owner Robert Fraser. Through their circle of influential friends and young
artists, Paul became familiar with contemporary art, meeting people like Peter
Blake and Richard Hamilton who were to later design covers for The Beatles'
albums. Sgt Pepper and Abbey Road were both based on ideas that Paul
developed with them. Paul would spend lots of time at the Fraser and Indica
galleries, helping with the installation of exhibits and feeding his enthusiasm for
the medium. He began collecting and bought a number of paintings by the
surrealist painter Magritte, whose influence on Paul's own painting is
Since 1983 he has set up studios in the south of England and in the USA, where
he has been intensively exploring the medium of painting.

'' I'd been itching to apply paint to a surface, and I decided life begins
at 40, so let's do something'' said Sir Paul.
His works are partly influenced by the American school of Abstract
Expressionists, an art form which is powerfully colorful and emotional, and free
and impulsive in the application of paint. Further influences to be seen are Pop
Art and surrealism. Willem de Kooning (an abstract Expressionist), famous
artist, was a personal friend of McCartney's and he was the great influence for
Paul. A conversation with US artist Willem de Kooning prompted him to pick up
palette and brushes. For 18 years McCartney had kept his secret talent under
wraps. It was something he had decided to keep to himself, fearful that
outsiders may criticize his work, because there was always that problem of
crossing over into other genres of artistic work. In the 15 years that followed he
painted more than 500 canvasses.

George Harrison
George Harrison was born February 25, 1943, making him the youngest Beatle.
The only Beatle who's childhood was not marred by divorce or death, he had
two brothers, Harold Jr. and Peter, and a sister, Louise. His father, Harold, was
a bus driver, and his mother a housewife, who all the kids in the neighborhood
knew and liked.
George Harrison attended Dovedale Primary school, two forms behind John
Lennon, and then Liverpool Institute, one form below Paul McCartney. He
showed his independant nature at an early age, defying his school's age-old
dress code by wearing jeans and growing long hair. His strict parents did not
condone his disrespectful attitude and George soon learned to tone down his
rebellion. When the skiffle craze hit Liverpool, George and his brother Peter
formed a Skiffle band, but because they were so young, they had to sneak out
of the house to play their first engagement.

George and Paul took the same bus to school, and soon found they had music
and guitars in common. They spent many hours together at each other's homes
practicing guitar. In 1956, Paul introduced the skinny and pimple-faced George
to the Quarrymen. George was only 14 at the time. Not old enough to join the
group, George hung around with the boys, and came to idolize John, doing
everything he could to emulate him. George stood in the back of the room at all

their shows with his guitar. A few times he filled in for the regular guitarist who
didn't show up, and the boys were also welcomed in George's house by his
mother to practice and for an occasional "jam buttie", encouragement which
infuriated John's Aunt Mimi. Gradually, George became a member of the group,
which by then had come to be called Johnny and the Moondogs.
From the very start of the Beatles' popularity, George Harrison was as major a
vocalist as John and Paul. As the songwriting of Lennon and McCartney became
world-known, George started to concentrate more on writing songs as well,
although many of the early songs written while with the Beatles went
unrecorded. The first Beatles song written by George Harrison was Don't Bother

Me. George became a very serious musician who worked diligently to perfect
his playing. His concentration to his playing was apparent while on stage,
especially compared to the wild antics of John and Paul.
George almost missed the Beatles' biggest appearance in America, the Ed
Sullivan Show, on February 9, 1964, because of a sore throat. He met teenage
model Patty Boyd while filming A Hard Day's Night and they got married on
January 21, 1966.
George Harrison was one hell of a songwriter & guitarist and over all musician.
Did you know he played the bass on a number of Beatles songs? On this page
Ill bring you some of the things George said about the Beatles music, and the

Eric & Pattie love triangleIn His Own Wordsa video or two and a complete
dictionary-type biography.
George Harrison was the youngest of the Beatles, he was private, shy and very
spiritual. Throughout most of his Beatles career he was, as he called himself,
the Economy Class Beatle. Cynthia Lennon described him as "a thin gangly kid

who used to tag along with John and I, constantly being the third wheel".
Since he didnt start writing songs until after John & Paul had amassed a
number of big hits, his contribution was limited to just one or two songs per
album. He also did not have the luxury of a brilliant composer as his partner.
George would often complain that his songs were not taken very seriously in
the studio and that the apathy from John & Paul was quite evident. Despite his
late blooming songwriting talent and the other First Class Beatles lack of
interest in his material, he did manage to write a few good songs like:

Something (inspired by Pattie Boyd and called "the greatest love song of the

20th century" by Frank Sinatra)

I Need You (also inspired by Pattie)

Here Comes the Sun (written in Eric Claptons gardenmaybe if he had spent
less time hanging out with Eric, Pattie wouldnt have left himmaybemaybe

I Want To Tell You


Think For Yourself and

While My Guitar Gently Weeps (with Eric Clapton on lead guitar).

He was also the most spiritual of the Beatles and after being turned onto to the
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, by Pattie Boyd, become a devout follower of his eastern
George Harrison said that This unlocked an enormous big door in the back on

my consciousness. He was the one who brought Indian music to the Beatles,
his sitar work on "Norwegian Wood" is the first time that instrument has been
used on a rock song.
After the break- up of the Beatles, George said The biggest break in my career

was getting into the Beatles in 1963. The second biggest break was getting out
of them.
George Harrison was the first member of the Beatles to release a Number #1
hit in My Sweet Lord and his solo debut album All Things Must Pass was
Number 1 for 7 weeks, in the Top Ten for 14 weeks and remained on
Billboards Album chart for an incredible 40 weeks. Here are the musicians who
worked with George Harrison on that album. It reads like the Whos Who of
Rock Musicians for this time.

Drums & Percussion: Ringo Starr, Jim Gordon and Alan White

Bass Guitar: Klaus Voorman, Carl Radle

Keyboards: Gary Wright, Bobby Whitlock, Billy Preston, Gary Booker

Guitar: Eric Clapton, Dave Mason, George Harrison

Sax: Bobby Keys

Trumpet: Jim Price

Rhythm Guitars: Badfinger

Back- up vocals: The George OHara-Smith Singers (really just George himself
double and triple tracked)

Producer (maybe the title should be Over-Producer) Phil Wall Of Sound

George always said that "after the Beatles I had this huge back log of songs

that I had written and a triple album was the only way to get it done".
Above all George Harrison will be remembered for his music. He once said: "I

think people who can live their life in music are telling the world: 'You can have
my love, you can have my smiles. Forget the bad parts, you don't need them.
Just take the music, the goodness, because it's the very best,' and it's the part I
give most willingly.'

Ringo Starr
Richard Starkey - Ringo Starr - was born in a small two-story terraced house in
the Dingle area of Liverpool, on July 7, 1940, making him the oldest Beatle,
three months older than John. His father, who's name was also Richard, was
originally a Liverpool dock worker, and later worked in a bakery where he met
Ringo's mother Elsie. His parents broke up in 1943, and Elsie later married
Harry Graves, who little Richie called his "step ladder". Although remaining
cheerful throughout his childhood, it was filled with hospital time, for
appendicitis at 6, at which time he went into a coma for two months, and a cold
which developed into pleurisy when he was 13, causing him to miss much
school. By fifteen he could just barely read and write.
Like the other Beatles, young Ritchie also eventually became caught up in
Liverpool's Skiffle craze. After starting his own group with Eddie Miles called
The Eddie Clayton Skiffle Group in 1957, he joined The Raving Texans in 1959,
a quartet which played while Rory Storm sang. During this time, he got the
nickname Ringo, because of the rings he wore, and because it sounded
"cowboyish", and the last name Starr so that his drum solos could be billed as
"Starr Time".
Ringo Starr first met the Beatles in Hamburg in October 1960 while there
performing with what had become Rory Storm and The Hurricanes. Ringo Starr

joined the Beatles on August 18, 1962. Rory Storm was magnanimous about
the theft of his drummer, but Pete Best fans were upset, holding vigils outside
Pete's house and rioting at the Cavern Club, shouting "Pete Best forever! Ringo
never!" His health would cause him problems again later, he missed three
quarters of the 1964 tour of Scandanavia, Holland, the Far East and Australia,
because of acute tonsillitis (he had them taken out later, during the next
Christmas break). He was replaced in the Beatles during this time by Jimmy
The Beatles' first movie, originally to be called Beatlemania became to be called

A Hard Day's Night because it was something Ringo Starr had said one evening
after a long and particularly grueling session.
Ringo Starr married his long-time girlfriend Maureen Cox on February 11, 1965,
and they had three children, Zak, Jason and Lee.

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Ringo Starr married his long-time girlfriend Maureen Cox on February 11, 1965, and they had three
children, Zak, Jason and Lee.

Ancient Connections

..."And these were the connections between all the ancient civilizations, but as the painting started to
develop, the one on the right started to look quite modern, so I think of him more as a modern face, with
these ancient connections in the background there. The rod almost goes through his mouth, like a cigar
or something; it comes out of his mouth. So that is quite nice, pretty" -- Paul McCartney

Big Mountain Face

"I like theses earth colors. I like what happens when you water them down a bit, the nice earth colors. I
know i have said it before, but soil and the earth are very important to me. Living on a farm, a love of
nature as a kid, so it should be important. It is all over the whole surface of our planet, which makes it
pretty important, really. So these colors attract me" -- Paul McCartney

Egypt Station

"My original inspiration was similar to a picture we were talking about the other day, with Egyptian
symbols and shapes I got from looking at a reference book on Egypt. I was interested in the way they
drew sunflowers, so two appear on the left and on the right. It was a nice shape, so I took that and then I
also love the way they symbolize trees. I like the way they reduce a tree to just some very simple
symbols."-- Paul McCartney

Unspoken Words

Wolfgang Suttner: This is 100 percent compositionit isn't in every picture.

Paul McCartney: As you can see, it is very spontaneous and I didn't really have any preconceived ideas
when I started it, but I started with blue behind it and then I drew some faces on top of that and then just
worked on them, just the three faces, and turned it round a lot when I was working. I turned it lots of ways,
upside down often.
Wolfgang Suttner: You turned the canvas upside down?
Paul McCartney: Yes, I turned it on its side and upside down, just to get a look at the composition, to see
if it worked. A lot of the drawing, these blue marks, were done from the upside-down position, and then in
the end I decided it seemed like a woman. It had a kind of grille across it, stopping it from talking, so it
was something to do with forbidden speech. And this guy definitely has a cross, the face on the right: his
mouth seemed to pick up the same theme, something forbidden. And then this face on the left has got an
S mouth, which is a similar thing, so that became the theme.

Yellow Linda With Piano

"A couple of people who have looked at my book singled this one out, a couple of women who said that is
the picture they would like, and I am not sure why but I like it. This is Linda relaxing in my room at home
where I have the piano, and she is sitting on the couch and she was in yellow. So I made everything
yellow. The piano isn't really yellow, but I just thought it would be nice. Her hair was yellow, her blouse
was yellow, so I made them all yellow. So it became a very yellow picture. It didn't need brown or any of
their real colors. This is interesting because this little stool here, this little piece here, was Rene Magritte's.
That was in a sale of the contents of his studio, and in this little thing here are his charcoals and his
drawing pens and pencils exactly as he left them, including his spectacles. Maybe it was the atmosphere
they liked. It's very peaceful. I enjoyed making it. It is a very typical pose of Linda's: the legs this foot is
slightly strange, but I like it this shoe." -- Paul McCartney

Unfinished Symphony

Paul McCartney: This relates to the couple of other pictures where I use musical things. There is one
called C minor and one called Key of F, and it was an idea I had to take something I knew very well in
music, a chord, and try and paint the feeling it gave me. So C minor might be a rather lonely-looking
picture because it can be a bit of a sad chord. This came on from those ideas, but this was then to try and
paint a whole symphony. The whole thing rather than one chord; a musical explosion; an orchestra
playing something. Abstract rather than specific. So for that I just applied a lot of paint and smudged it
around and had a lot of fun with it.
Wolfgang Suttner: This picture has so many different greens and different structure. It is like you had a
lot of chaotic things and then you have parts that are calm, like a little concept.
Paul McCartney: Well, you know, one of my big inspirations is nature. I love nature and I love what it
does. If you go down on the seashore and watch the water, see what it does to the sand, it bubbles up
and goes back what you could call chaos. And yet it's so beautiful, it leaves beautiful marks on the
sand. I kind of trust to that, and that is a large part of painting abstracts to try and think of myself as
nature itself, without a mind, a sophisticated mind that knows how to play a piano or drive a car...

John's Room

This picture shows how much McCartney's work develops during the painting process. While his original
intention was to try painting folds in the clothing on the central figure in yellow, a very painterly tradition,
what developed during the course of painting were the features of John Lennon, which he imagined he
saw on the face of the figure crouching in the red robe. McCartney describes painting as a sort of new
encounter with familiar faces, like in a dream. Another character familiar to him from his musical past is
suggested in the profile of the figure on the right, a manager called Brian Brolly. All in all this composition
has something medieval and religious about it: the robes, the arched windows; and in the top right-hand
corner the suggestion of a line of nine ancestors reinforces this mood, together with the gathering of
seven figures in the foreground, numbers with mystical or symbolic connotations. "John's room" is one of
McCartney's few interior motifs, a picture with a powerful sense of drama, borne out by the cheerful
complementary colours and, in contrast, the formal, ecclesiastical structure.

Andy In The Garden

Painted in typically rhythmic and relaxed fashion, with scratchings and a strongly gestural application of
the paint, the picture reflects an autumn evening in the artist's garden in the South of England. As is often
the case, the artist blends elements from his stock of unconscious ideas and images into his immediate
environment. The Andy Warhol figure which emerges from the brushstrokes is unintentional. McCartney
draws a parallel with Warhol: "I heard about the Velvet Underground ... and they said (what) made him
the greatest producer ever (was that) anything they did, he allowed them complete freedom and he just
enjoyed it, and it is very interesting because it is kind of opposite for me in painting, him coming into
music and just allowing it, following what he saw, it is the same journey I am doing into painting, only the
opposite direction, you know, the paint makes Andy appear so it is just a magic moment ..."

Black Singer

A night scene: From beneath the shades of black (dark pictures are rather untypical of McCartney's work)
light patches of colour emerge, breaking through the black surface. The levels alternate, however, white
being either the unpainted canvas shining through or a thick, paste-like layer on top. The black is almost
oppressive, allowing scarcely any other expression of colour than the almost red-hot glow of red. As is
often the case in McCartney's work, the painting process and the spontaneity of his experimentation with
the materials produce formulations which are strongly gestural. The result is then not a portrait but a facial
landscape. Here, a physiognomy is not the starting point for the composition but what emerges during the
final stages of the work. The mouth which is scratched in introduces the subject matter: "Black singer".
But this too is an experiment, for by scratching out the paint in one final stroke, McCartney draws
attention to the material aspect of the painting process.

Shark On Georgica

Painted during the summer on Long Island near New York, McCartney's "Georgica" (the name of a lake
near the coast) presents a mixture of idyll and alienation. A wealthy district, a sanctuary for celebrated
film directors and fashion designers. The painting shows the suggestion of a sailing boat on "Georgica".
Commenting on this idyllic retreat of the rich and famous, the artist makes his point with caustic British
humour as the dorsal fin of a shark - an impossible idea! - threateningly breaks the surface to upset the
harmony of the scene. "Shark on Georgica" is a painting with a landscape reference and with an ironic
touch typical of McCartney. As in some of his other works, McCartney has followed Rothko's example and
extended the painting around the edges of the canvas.

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