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GLOBAL SERVICE TRAINING

374F / 390F Hydraulic Excavator


Operator's Station
MODULE 1 - TEXT REFERENCE

SERV1994

CAT, CATERPILLAR, their respective logos, ACERT, “Caterpillar Yellow” and the POWER EDGE
trade dress, as well as corporate and product identity used herein, are trademarks of Caterpillar
and may not be used without permission. © 2014 Caterpillar Inc. All Rights Reserved.
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SERV1994 - 05/14 -2- Module 1 - Operator's Station

TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY BRIEFING��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 3
PURPOSE����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 4
REASON������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 5
COMPETENCY STATEMENT����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 6
LEARNING OUTCOMES������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 7
OPERATOR’S STATION������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 8
OPERATOR’S SEAT AND PEDESTAL�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 10
IMPLEMENT AND TRAVEL CONTROLS���������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 12
F-SERIES MONITOR���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 17
RIGHT SIDE CONSOLE����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 24
REAR CAB AREA���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 32
FRESH AIR FILTER������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 34
PURPOSE REVIEW������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 35
REASON REVIEW�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 36
COMPETENCY STATEMENT REVIEW������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 37
LEARNING OUTCOMES REVIEW������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 38
MODULE CONCLUSION���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 39

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -3- Module 1 - Operator's Station

SAFETY BRIEFING
• Emergency Phone Numbers
• First Aid Responders
• Location of Exits
• Location of Fire Extinguisher
• Room Alerts or Hazards
• Designated Location for Evacuation
• Storm Shelter
• Hazardous Material

Safely Home. Everyone. Every Day.™

3
SAFETY BRIEFING

Before beginning this module, the following topics will be reviewed:


• Emergency Phone Numbers
• First Aid Responders
• Location of Exits
• Location of Fire Extinguisher
• Room Alerts or Hazards
• Designated Location for Evacuation
• Storm Shelter
• Hazardous Material

Safely Home. Everyone. Every Day.™

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -4- Module 1 - Operator's Station

PURPOSE

This module is designed to ensure technicians can


locate, identify, and describe the function of all machine
operation controls in the 374F and 390F operator’s
station.

4
PURPOSE

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REASON

It is necessary for technicians to be able to locate,


identify, and describe the function of all machine
operation controls in the 374F and 390F operator’s
station in order to test all machine functions for proper
operation.

5
REASON

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COMPETENCY STATEMENT

At the completion of this training session, participants


will be able to locate, identify, and describe the function
of all 374F and 390F machine operation controls using
the list provided on the lab worksheets for this module.

6
COMPETENCY STATEMENT

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LEARNING OUTCOMES

Upon completion of this 374F/390F Hydraulic


Excavator Operator’s Station module, participants will
be able to:
• Locate, identify, and describe the functionality of all
machine operation controls, switches, and buttons in
the operator’s station.

7
LEARNING OUTCOMES

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OPERATOR’S STATION

• Overview and highlights of the The operator’s station (cab) for the 374F and 390F Hydraulic Excavator is the
374F and 390F cab: standard F-Series cab design, which integrates the Rollover Protective Structure
(ROPS) into the cab structure. The ROPS cab is compliant with industry safety
-- ROPS compliant for North regulations in North America and Europe. The cab features improved visibility and
America and the EU operator comfort.

The height of the implement joystick consoles and the armrests can be adjusted.
Conveniently placed switches, gauges, controls, and the information display on the
F-Series monitor enhance operator awareness and efficiency. Frequently used
switches and operator controls are placed for ease of accessibility and operation. A
wider seat with adjustable lumbar support helps reduce operator fatigue and can be
equipped with a seat heating and/or cooling option.

The cab can be equipped with a two-piece front windshield. Secondary egress
is accomplished through a hatch in the cab roof. A small hammer is also offered,
used to break glass for egress through other means in an emergency.

The F-Series monitor is a full color Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) that provides
vital operating and performance information in either metric or English units with
multiple language display capability in an easy-to-navigate format. The monitor
provides the service technician with diagnostic, configuration, and calibration
capabilities, as well as real-time status of most electronic devices and components
on the machine. The operator interface provides vital operation information at
start-up and during operation.

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The monitor also displays warning information, filter and fluid change information,
and start-up level checks of hydraulic oil, engine oil, and engine coolant. An
optional rear view video camera can be displayed on the monitor screen, when
selected. Up to three separate video cameras may be viewed on the screen.

With the conveniently placed mirrors and the ability of the monitor to display images
from three video cameras, work site visibility for the operator in all directions has
greatly improved.

The soft switch panel includes ten switches (buttons), which serve to activate
machine features and functions. These same switches are numbered and also
serve as a keyboard for easily entering numbers in the F-Series monitor.

Cab sealing and pressurization keeps noise levels to 74 dba or below.

The radio is MP3 capable, giving operators the option of listening to their own
pre-recorded music.

Time delayed cab egress lighting is also offered as an attachment.

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OPERATOR’S SEAT AND PEDESTAL
• Location and identification of The hydraulic lockout (activation) lever (1) mechanically operates the hydraulic
components in the operator activation crossbar (2). The position of the hydraulic activation crossbar is a visual
station: indicator of the position of the hydraulic lockout lever. The hydraulic lockout lever
and crossbar are shown in the UNLOCKED position in the above photo. When the
-- Hydraulic lockout (activation) hydraulic lockout lever and crossbar are in the UNLOCKED position, a limit switch
lever (1) beneath the light gray housing (3) is CLOSED. When the limit switch is CLOSED,
the hydraulic lockout solenoid will be ENERGIZED, making pilot oil available to the
-- Hydraulic activation main hydraulic control valve and the travel pilot control valves. Boom, bucket,
crossbar (2) stick, swing, and travel functions are then ENABLED.
Moving the hydraulic activation lever rearward to the UP position mechanically
-- Limit switch (behind gray lowers the crossbar to the DOWN position, indicating all hydraulic functions are
housing) (3) LOCKED (DEACTIVATED). The engine will not start unless the hydraulic lockout
lever is in the LOCKED position. Implement and travel operation and factory
-- Seat adjustment levers and installed attachments will be DISABLED when the lever and crossbar are in the
switches (4) LOCKED position.
Several switches and levers (4) are provided for adjusting seat height, seat position
-- Joystick console height forward or rearward (on the pedestal), suspension firmness, seat back angle, and
adjustment handle (5) lumbar support. An optional seat heater switch may also be present, but is not
shown above.
-- Seat pedestal adjustment (6)
The rotating handle (5) allows the operator to adjust the height of the joystick
consoles.

The lever (6) allows adjusting the pedestal position, forward or rearward.

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Right-Front Cab Area

• Service hour meter (1) - driven by The service hour meter (1) is located at the right front of the operator’s station and
the alternator beneath the monitor. The service hour meter displays the number of hours the
machine has been working. The service hour meter accumulates hours only when
the alternator is running.

• 12 volt power receptacle (2) A 12 volt power receptacle (2) for powering a laptop computer or other 12 volt
device is located on the front face of the right console.

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IMPLEMENT AND TRAVEL CONTROLS

• Pilot operated strategy uses The 374F and 390F Hydraulic Excavator uses electro-hydraulic joysticks for
pilot valves connected to levers, controlling the boom, stick, bucket, and swing functions. Travel control uses the
pedals to control travel pilot operated strategy for the travel levers/pedals. The implement joysticks send
electronic signals to the Machine ECM, which communicates with the Adaptive
• Electro-hydraulic joysticks are Control System (ACS) ECMs to control solenoids on the main hydraulic control
used to control boom, stick, valve for operating the implements. The travel levers/pedals operate pilot valves
bucket, and swing functions that send pilot pressure oil to the main control valve for operating travel functions.
• Left joystick (1) controls STICK Moving the left joystick (1) FORWARD or REARWARD controls STICK OUT and
IN/STICK OUT and SWING LEFT/ STICK IN, respectively. Moving the left joystick LEFT and RIGHT controls SWING
SWING RIGHT (SAE pattern) LEFT and SWING RIGHT, respectively (SAE excavator pattern). The stick and
swing functions are placed in HOLD when the joystick is centered by its springs.
• Left travel pedal (2) and travel The left travel pedal (2) and travel lever (3) are both connected to the left travel
lever (3) control left track FWD pilot valve. Depressing the top of the pedal or moving the lever FORWARD causes
and REV the left track to rotate in the FORWARD direction. Depressing the bottom of the
pedal or moving the lever REARWARD causes the left track to rotate in the
REVERSE direction.
• Right travel lever (4) and travel The right travel lever (4) and travel pedal (5) are both connected to the right travel
pedal (5) control right track FWD pilot valve. Depressing the top of the pedal or moving the lever FORWARD causes
and REV the right track to rotate in the FORWARD direction. Depressing the bottom of the
pedal or moving the lever REARWARD causes the right track to rotate in the
REVERSE direction.

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• Straight travel pedal (6) controls If equipped, the straight travel pedal (6) is also connected to a pilot valve.
both left and right track FWD and Depressing the top of the pedal causes the right track and the left track to rotate in
REV at the same rate of speed the FORWARD direction at the same rate of speed. Depressing the bottom of the
pedal causes the right track and the left track to rotate at the same speed in the
REVERSE direction.

• A Work Tool Control (Attachment An electronic Work Tool Control or Attachment Control pedal may be present on the
Control) pedal may be present on left side of the travel pedals if the machine is so equipped. This pedal can be used
the left side of the travel pedals, to activate a work tool or attachment that is installed on the machine and selected
if equipped (9) on the monitor.

• Right joystick controls BOOM Moving the right joystick (7) FORWARD or REARWARD controls BOOM DOWN
UP/BOOM DOWN and BUCKET and BOOM UP, respectively. Moving the right joystick LEFT and RIGHT controls
CLOSE/BUCKET OPEN (SAE BUCKET CLOSE and BUCKET OPEN, respectively (SAE excavator pattern). The
pattern) boom and bucket functions are placed in HOLD when the joystick is centered by its
springs.

• F-Series monitor provides: The F-Series monitor (8) provides the operator with vital operating and
performance information on its display screen. The monitor provides the service
-- operational and performance technician with diagnostic, configuration, and calibration capabilities, as well as
information for the operator real-time status of most electronic devices on the machine. The monitor displays
warning and filter/fluid change information. When the key-switch is initially turned
-- fluid and filter information for to the KEY ON position, the monitor will momentarily display level checks of
maintenance hydraulic oil, engine oil, Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF), and engine coolant and offers
the option to initiate an automatic machine and hydraulic system warm-up mode.
An optional rear view video camera can be displayed on the monitor screen. One
-- diagnostic, configuration, and or two more dealer installed cameras may also be viewed on the monitor screen,
calibration features for the providing the capability of 360 degree vision around the machine.
service technician
The monitor and its usage will be discussed in greater detail in another module.
-- automatic warm-up mode
option at KEY ON NOTE: The references in the text above that refer to FORWARD and
REVERSE travel are dependent upon the upper structure being properly
-- up to three video camera oriented above the undercarriage with the operator station over the track
images can be displayed on the idlers and the drive sprockets at the rear.
monitor screen
NOTE: The 374F and 390F Hydraulic Excavators are shipped from the
factory with the joysticks operating in the default SAE excavator pattern, as
described above. The Backhoe Loader (BHL) and other joystick patterns
may be selected using the monitor.

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Implement Joysticks and Function Controls
• Left joystick operates swing and Electro-hydraulic joysticks are used to operate boom, stick, bucket, and swing
stick position sensors: functions. Movement of the left joystick (above) forward and rearward (STICK OUT
and STICK IN) operates the X-axis position sensor. Left and right movement of the
-- Sensors send PWM signals to
left joystick (swing left and right) operates the Y-axis position sensor. Movement of
the Machine ECM
either joystick position sensor sends a Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) signal to the
-- Machine ECM proportionally Machine ECM. The Machine ECM, in turn, communicates the signals to the
ENERGIZES PRVs appropriate ACS ECM, which proportionally ENERGIZES the Proportional
-- PRVs control movement of Reducing Valve (PRV) solenoids associated with the swing and/or stick function
implement valve spools requested. When ENERGIZED, the PRVs direct pilot oil flow to operate the
Independent Metering Valve (IMV) spools in the main hydraulic control valve that
operate the cylinders or motors, which in turn, control implement movement.
There are several joystick configurations that can be installed on the 374F,
depending on how the machine is equipped. The joystick shown here is for a
• Joysticks are available in several machine with two-way flow work tool control, such as hydraulic shears, pulverizers,
configurations, depending on crushers, or grapples.
machine equipment The left joystick contains two buttons and a sliding lever that control various
• Top button (1) is not programmed machine functions. The top button (1) is not programmed for any function from the
from the factory factory. Cat ET or the F-Series monitor may be used to assign a function to this
button (switch). The horn button (2) sounds the machine’s forward horn when
• Horn button (2) pressed. The sliding lever (3) controls rotation of a two-way flow work tool circuit,
such as a grapple. Sliding this lever forward (upward) rotates the work tool
clockwise. Sliding the lever rearward (downward) rotates the work tool
• Work tool control sliding lever (3) counterclockwise.

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• Right joystick operates boom and Movement of the right joystick (above) forward and rearward (BOOM UP and
bucket position sensors BOOM DOWN) operates the X-axis position sensor. Left and right movement of
the left joystick (BUCKET CLOSE and BUCKET OPEN) operates the Y-axis
position sensor. Movement of either joystick position sensor sends a Pulse Width
Modulated (PWM) signal to the Machine ECM. The Machine ECM, in turn,
communicates the signals to the appropriate ACS ECM, which proportionally
ENERGIZES the PRV solenoids associated with the with the boom and/or bucket
function requested.

The right joystick also contains two buttons (switches) and a sliding lever for
controlling machine functions.

• Top button (1) activates one-way The top button (1) is a momentary switch that can activate a one-way flow work
pump flow work tool activation tool, such as a hammer, when pressed and held. Releasing the button deactivates
the work tool.

• One-Touch Low Idle button (2) The bottom button is the One-Touch Low Idle switch (2). Pressing the
toggles between low-idle and One-Touch Low Idle button toggles between approximately 900 engine rpm and
engine speed dial setting the speed specified by the engine speed dial control. This Low-Idle control is in
addition to the AEC button on the right side soft-switch panel.
• Work tool control sliding
lever (3) -- sliding the lever The right joystick sliding lever (3) controls operation of a secondary two-way flow
forward can CLOSE the work tool work tool circuit, such as shears or grapple fingers. Sliding this lever forward
(shear jaws or grapple fingers); (upward) closes the work tool (shear jaws or grapple fingers). Sliding the lever
sliding rearward OPENS the work rearward (downward) opens the work tool (shear jaws or grapple fingers).
tool
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SERV1994 - 05/14 -16- Module 1 - Operator's Station

In marketing areas where SmartBoom is available, a trigger switch is present on


the front of the right joystick and is used to temporarily disable the SmartBoom
function that is selected. Depressing and holding the momentary type trigger
switch will temporarily disable the function. Releasing the trigger switch resumes
the selected SmartBoom function.

NOTE: The functions of the switches and sliding levers on the joysticks
describe the factory configurations. The service technician can reprogram
the functions of these switches and sliding levers using Cat ET or the
F-Series monitor.

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F-SERIES MONITOR

(1)
LCD Display

(2)
Soft Keys

(3)
Arrow Keys

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F-SERIES MONITOR

• High level overview of the The F-Series monitor contains a full color Liquid Crystal Digit (LCD) Display (1) that
monitor capabilities and usage provides vital operating and performance information in either metric or English
units. The monitor is capable of displaying information in multiple languages, in an
• LCD Display (1) easy-to-navigate format. The F-Series monitor operates identically to the monitor
found in E-Series machines, except the Home Screen contains a fourth fluid level
gauge for DEF. The electro-hydraulic strategies of the 374F have added implement
joystick sensors and numerous electronic components of the ACS Valve and the
electronically controlled main hydraulic pumps to the Service Menu’s “Status”
screens. Electro-hydraulic calibration routines have been added to the Service
Menu’s “Calibrations” screens, as well.

The monitor provides the service technician with diagnostic, configuration, and
calibration capabilities, as well as real-time status of most electronic devices and
components on the machine. The monitor also displays warning information, filter
and fluid change information, and start-up level checks of hydraulic oil, engine oil,
and engine coolant for the operator.

An optional rear view video camera image can be displayed on the monitor’s
screen, when selected. Up to three different video cameras may be displayed on
the screen to enhance the operator’s vision of the surrounding work area. A switch
on the right console allows the operator to scroll through the three video camera
images and the home screen.

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• Soft Keys (2) The Soft Keys (2) and Arrow Keys (3) allow the operator or service technician to
navigate and scroll through all the available screens and pages of displayed lists,
• Arrow Keys (3) and to input information. The function of each of the five soft keys changes,
according to the display above the keys. The arrow keys are used to scroll through
menu selections and lists displayed on the screen.

The ten soft switches on the soft switch panel (right side instrument panel) can
be used as a keyboard to input the numbers 0 through 9 into the monitor when
needed.

NOTE: The screen shown above is displayed briefly at machine startup.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -19- Module 1 - Operator's Station
F-SERIES MONITOR - HOME SCREEN
(2) (3)
Information Power
Display Mode
(1) (4)
Clock Display Engine Speed
Dial Position

(5) (6)
Engine Coolant Fuel Level
Temperature Gauge Gauge

(7) (8)
Hydraulic Oil DEF Level
Temperature Gauge Gauge

(9) (10)
Work Tool Information
Selection Icon

(11) (12)
Main Menu Soft Keys
Icon

(13)
Gain/Response
Icon 19
F-Series Monitor - Home Screen

• Brief explanation of the displayed The Home screen for the F-Series monitor is shown above. This is the default
information and its usage on the display when the machine is started. Information shown on the screen above is:
F-Series monitor Home screen
• Clock Display (1): Shows the current local time.

• Information Display (2): Displays desired operator information, as selected


using the Information Soft Key (12). One of four different information elements
can be displayed, depending on operator preference - Service Hour Meter,
Soot Load, Fuel Consumption Rate, or Fuel Remain Time. (Service Hour
Meter icon shown above.)

• Power Mode (3): Displays the power mode currently selected for machine
operation. One of three Power Modes may be selected and displayed,
depending on the marketing area - High Power Mode, Standard Power Mode,
or Economy Power Mode. (Economy Mode shown above.)

• Engine Speed Dial Position (4): Displays the position of the engine speed
dial currently selected. (Speed dial 10 shown above).

• Engine Coolant Temperature Gauge (5): Displays the current engine


coolant temperature.

• Fuel Level Gauge (6): Displays the level of fuel in the fuel tank.

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• Hydraulic Oil Temperature Gauge (7): Displays the current engine coolant
temperature.

• DEF Level Gauge (8): Displays the level of Diesel Exhaust Fluid in the DEF
tank.

• Work Tool Selection (9): Displays the selected work tool. This screen area
also displays step-by-step instructions when using the monitor for service
procedures, such as component overrides, calibrations, etc. (Warning
messages pop up in this area, as shown above.)

• Information Icon (10): Indicates the soft key below will toggle through
several information displays in the area at the top of the screen when pressed.
Operators can choose from Service Hour Meter, Soot Load, Fuel Consumption
Rate, or Fuel Remain Time.

• Main Menu Icon (11): Indicates the function of the soft key below - in this
example, pressing the soft key will toggle the display to the Main Menu screen.

• Soft Keys (12): Perform the functions indicated by the indicator icons
displayed above the keys, when pressed.

• Gain/Response Icon (13): The Gain/Response function can change the


controllability of the joysticks in order to match the machine to a particular task.

NOTE: The Engine Coolant Temperature Gauge and the Hydraulic Oil
Temperature Gauge have been changed slightly from the E-Series monitor.
• Normal operating temperatures are indicated when the needle is in the
green range.
• Warm-Up Mode is required if the needle is in the white range.
• Over temperatures are indicated when the needle is in the red range.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -21- Module 1 - Operator's Station
F-SERIES MONITOR - VIDEO CAMERA DISPLAY

(1)
Gauge Displays

(2)
Video
Camera
Images

(3)
Warning
Message

21
F-Series Monitor - Video Camera Display

• Brief explanation of the displayed If the machine is equipped with a video camera (or video cameras), the camera
information and its usage on the images are displayed on the monitor. Most of the information displayed on the
F-Series monitor video camera Home screen is also displayed at the same time as the camera image. Information
display screen and displays shown on the monitor when the camera is selected is shown above:
• Gauge Displays (1): The Coolant Temperature Gauge, Hydraulic Oil
Temperature Gauge, Fuel Level Gauge, and DEF Level Gauge are
repositioned to an area above the camera image.

• Video Camera Images (2): Up to three video camera images mey be


displayed on the monitor. The operator may toggle through all three images
and the Home screen using the video camera switch, located on the soft
switch panel (shown later).

• Warning Message (3): Pop-up warnings and messages related to machine


conditions and/or diagnostic codes are displayed in the area above the
indicator icons. If multiple diagnostic codes or events are active, the monitor
will scroll through those warnings repeatedly.

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F-Series Monitor - Main Menu
• Brief explanation of the displayed The Main Menu screen for the F-Series monitor is shown above. This screen is
information and its usage on the displayed when the Main Menu soft key is pressed (see previous slide).
monitor Main Menu screen Information displayed on the screen above is detailed below.
• Information Display Area (1): Displays the current time, engine speed dial
setting, and other information. When the Home Menu is displayed, the Work
Tool number and associated information is displayed here, at the left.
• Main Menu Selection Area (2): Contains icons representing the 12 different
main menu options. Left to right, and top to bottom, the 12 menu selections
available are:
-- Display Setting
-- Language Select
-- Performance
-- Power Mode Setting
-- Maintenance Intervals
-- Work Tool Select
-- Current Totals
-- Engine Shutdown Setting
-- Password Change
-- Controls Setup (not visible above)
-- Reverse Fan Setting (not visible above)
-- Service (not visible above)

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• Soft Keys (3): Perform varying functions, according to the indicator icon
displayed above each key. Left to right, the soft key functions above, as
indicated by the icons are: Home Screen, Back/Delete, and OK/Select.
• Directions Display Area (4): This area of the screen displays instructions
pertaining to the highlighted menu selection, or can step the operator or
technician through multi-step processes needed for making adjustments to or
changing parameters for various components. The directions displayed here
are similar to the step-by-step guidance given in these same processes in
Caterpillar Electronic Technician® (Cat ET®).
• Soft Key Function Indicator Icons (5): This area displays the icons for the
function of the five soft keys below them. The function of each soft key can
change, depending on the screen selected.
• Arrow Keys (6): These keys are used to move the cursor UP, DOWN, LEFT,
or RIGHT or to highlight a desired selection on the screen. For example: In
the photo above, the arrow keys will move the blue highlight to one of the 12
menu selections, then press the OK soft key to display that selection.

F-Series monitor passwords are the same as for the E-Series monitor. The default
customer password is simply the number “1” (for use by operators) for the F-Series
monitor. This password can be changed using the “Password Change” selection
from the Main Menu in the monitor.

The F-Series monitor service password is “9992” for use by the service technician
or maintenance mechanic. This password is fixed and cannot be changed through
the monitor or by using Cat ET.

Additionally, the customer password should not be changed to “9992.” If the


customer password is set to 9992, the service password then cannot be used.
If this conflict occurs, Cat ET must be used to reset the customer password to
something other than 9992.

NOTE: The monitor and its usage is discussed in greater detail in the
Monitoring System module of this training package.

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RIGHT SIDE CONSOLE
• Identification of major Outboard of the right armrest is the right side instrument panel. The instrument
components on the right side panel contains the following components and controls:
instrument panel
• Four-position key start switch (1), with emergency stop position

• Engine speed dial (2)

• Soft switch panel/monitor keyboard (3)

• Toggle switch and rocker switch panel (4)

• Heating/Ventilating/Air-Conditioning (HVAC) control panel (5)

• Radio control panel (6)

• 12 volt power supply (7)

NOTE: The soft switch panel and the engine speed dial are integrated
into the non-programmable Switch Panel ECM, located beneath the soft
switches and speed dial.
NOTE: The four-position key tart switch has been replaced with the
standard three-position switch. Some machines may still have the
four-position switch.

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Key-Start Switch, Speed Dial, and Soft switch Panel

• Key start switch (1) has four The image above shows the forward area of the right side console. Controls
positions: located here are:
-- EMERGENCY STOP (full left) • Key Start Switch (1): This switch has four positions. The three right most
positions, OFF, ON, and START operate identically to the key start switches in
-- OFF (left) previous hydraulic excavator models. The fourth, far left (momentary) position
-- ON (center) is the EMERGENCY STOP, or engine shutdown feature. Turning and holding
the key start switch to the full left position activates the emergency engine
-- START (full right) shutdown mode, similar to the ground level engine shutdown switch below the
operator station door and catwalk.

• Engine speed dial (2) sets engine • Engine Speed Dial (2): This dial is used to set engine speed. Rotating the
rpm: dial left (counterclockwise) to the “tortoise” lowers engine speed to LOW IDLE.
Rotating the dial right (clockwise) to the “rabbit” raises engine speed to HIGH
-- Rotate CCW (tortoise) to IDLE.
decrease engine rpm
-- Rotate CW (rabbit) to increase The Soft Switch Panel (13) contains ten buttons, or soft switches. Each soft switch
engine rpm has a dual function:
• Explanation of the dual functions • Each soft switch activates the machine function depicted on the switch.
for each soft switch
• Each soft switch also serves as a numeric keypad to input the numbers 0-9
when using the monitor.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -26- Module 1 - Operator's Station

An explanation of each soft switch and its dual function is outlined below:
• Power Mode Switch (3): Pressing this switch toggles through the three power
mode settings. The three power modes that can be selected are ECONOMY,
STANDARD HYDRAULIC POWER, and HIGH HYDRAULIC POWER. The
technician can use a password protected service menu option to ENABLE or
DISABLE any Power Modes. The operator uses this same procedure, using
the Customer Password to select any Power Mode that is ENABLED for use.

This switch may also be used to input the number 1 on the monitor screen.

• Two-Speed Travel Switch (4): Pressing this switch toggles between low
speed travel and auto (high/low) travel speed when pressed. When the
“rabbit” indicator is illuminated, the auto speed function is active. When the
“tortoise” indicator is lit, the low speed function is active.

This switch may also be used to input the number 2 on the monitor screen.

• Automatic Engine Control (AEC) Switch (5): Pressing this switch activates
the AEC function, which automatically reduces engine speed when there is no
hydraulic demand, reducing fuel consumption. The AEC function is automatic
at start-up and cannot be completely disabled. The AEC strategy is outlined
below:

- The first stage AEC function reduces engine speed by 100 rpm after there
has been no hydraulic demand for five seconds.

- The second stage AEC function reduces engine speed to approximately


900 rpm after there has been no hydraulic demand for an additional five
seconds. This is the default condition of the AEC function.

Pressing the AEC soft switch disables the second stage AEC function. The
second stage AEC delay time and engine rpm settings can be changed using
the monitor or Cat ET.

This switch may also be used to input the number 3 on the monitor screen.

• Travel Alarm Cancel Switch (6): Pressing this switch silences the travel
alarm. The travel alarm is activated each time a travel request is made by the
operator and must be pressed each time to silence the alarm.

This switch may also be used to input the number 4 on the monitor screen.

• Work Tool Control Switch (7): This switch is used to select a


pre-programmed work tool mode. The work tool number selected is displayed
on the monitor screen. Press the switch repeatedly in order to select the
desired work tool.

This switch may also be used to input the number 5 on the monitor screen.

• Video Camera Switch (8): Pressing this switch toggles between the video
camera image(s) and the normal monitor screens. If more than one camera
is connected to the monitor, this switch will toggle through each of the camera
views and the normal monitor operational screen(s).

This switch may also be used to input the number 6 on the monitor screen.)

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -27- Module 1 - Operator's Station

• Work Light Switch (9): Pressing this switch toggles through two exterior work
light patterns and OFF. Two indicator lights above the switch illuminate to
show the selected pattern. The work lights are OFF when no indicators are lit.

This switch may also be used to input the number 7 on the monitor screen.

• Window Wiper switch (10): Pressing this switch activates the window
wipers. When the switch is depressed, the mode of the window wipers will
change according to the indicator light(s) that is/are illuminated:

- 6 Second Delay: The first indicator light indicates that the window wipers will
operate intermittently at six second intervals.

- 3 Second Delay: The second indicator light indicates that the window wipers
will operate intermittently at three second intervals.

- Continuous Operation: The third indicator light will turn on. The window
wipers will operate continuously.

- OFF: The indicator lights will turn off. The window wipers will stop.

This switch may also be used to input the number 8 on the monitor screen.

• Window Washer Switch (11): Pressing this switch activates the window
washers and wipers when pressed. The windshield wipers will operate for
approximately 3 seconds after the switch is released, and then will stop.

This switch may also be used to input the number 9 on the monitor screen.

• Lift Mode Control Switch (12): Pressing this switch activates the Lift Mode,
which decreases oil flow to the hydraulic cylinders, providing finer control of
the boom, stick, and bucket. Available pump torque will be reduced when Lift
Mode is selected. Pressing this switch again will deactivate Lift Mode when
Lift Mode is turned ON.

This switch may also be used to input the number 0 on the monitor screen.

NOTE: Travel speed is limited to Low Speed mode when the Lift Mode
function is selected.

NOTE: Lift Mode is only active on the 374F.

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Rocker Switch Panel

• Explanation of the switches The toggle switch and rocker switch panel is located on the right side instrument
shown and others that can be panel, just rearward of the soft switch panel. Switches shown above are:
present in the rocker switch
panel • Quick Coupler Toggle Switch (1): Used to connect and disconnect the
bucket or work tool. The toggle switch shown above is for a pin grabber type
coupler. The top position is the LOCKED position, which locks the quick
coupler onto the bucket or work tool. The bottom position is the UNLOCKING
position. Move the switch for the quick coupler to the UNLOCKING position
in order to extend the wedge. Use this position only during the coupling or
uncoupling of the work tool. The hydraulic system is pressurized when the
switch is in this position. An alarm will sound whenever the switch is in the
UNLOCKING position. (A three-position Universal Coupler Toggle Switch may
be present if the machine is equipped with the Universal Quick Coupler.)

• SmartBoom™ Rocker Switch (2): This switch is present only on machines


equipped with the SmartBoom feature (typically present only in European
marketing areas). The BOOM FLOAT UP AND DOWN mode is ENABLED by
pressing the TOP of the rocker switch. This mode allows the boom to float UP
and DOWN from the influence of external forces. The BOOM FLOAT DOWN
mode is ENABLED by pressing the BOTTOM of the rocker switch. This mode
allows the boom to float DOWN to meet the work surface, but the boom is
prevented from floating UP from the influence of external forces. When the
SmartBoom switch is placed in the CENTER position, no SmartBoom mode is
selected.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -29- Module 1 - Operator's Station

• Overload Warning Device Rocker Switch (3): Used for lifting applications.
The overload warning device activates a buzzer when there is an unstable
load condition. When the buzzer sounds, the bucket load should be reduced
or the stick should be moved inward.
-- Push the top of the switch in order to activate the overload warning device.
-- Push the bottom of the switch in order to deactivate the overload warning
device.

• Cat Regeneration System (CRS) Rocker Switch (4): Used to manually


initiate a forced regeneration of the Clean Emissions Module (CEM) DPF filter.
-- Push the top of the switch for 3 seconds in order to begin regeneration. An
indicator light on the switch will illuminate, showing that the regeneration is
active. An indicator light on the dash will also illuminate showing that the
regeneration is active. The indicator lights will deactivate after regeneration
is completed.
-- Push the bottom of the switch for 3 seconds in order to disable
regeneration. An indicator light on the switch will illuminate showing that
the regeneration is being disabled. The indicator light will go out after
regeneration disable is completed.

Depending on how the machine is equipped, other rocker switches can be present
on the rocker switch panel. These switches are:

• Radio Mute Rocker Switch: Mutes the radio when the top of the switch is
depressed.

• Lower Window Wiper Rocker Switch: Turns the lower window wiper ON
and OFF, if the machine is so equipped.

• Lower Window Washer Rocker Switch: Turns the lower window washer ON
when the top of the switch is held down, if the machine is so equipped. The
washer fluid stops when the top of the switch is released.

• Boom Pressure Control Rocker Switch: Turns ON on the boom control


pressure function. (The boom pressure control function improves controllability
for low load operations, such as raking up rocks by, reducing vibration and
shock.)

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Radio and HVAC Panel
• Explanations of the switches The HVAC control panel is located at the rear of the right side instrument panel.
and buttons on the HVAC control The function of each soft-switch on the panel is described below:
panel and the cab radio • Main Power ON/OFF Switch (1): Powers up the HVAC system. The switch
toggles between power ON and power OFF.
• Auto Climate Control Switch (2): Enables the HVAC system Auto Mode.
In Auto Mode, the system will maintain a constant temperature in the cab,
according to the temperature displayed on the LCD screen.
• Air Outlet Select Switch (3): Used to choose the desired air outlet vents
inside the cab. The switch allows the operator to scroll through four different air
vent/outlet combinations:
-- Upper body
-- Upper body and floor
-- Floor
-- Floor and defroster
• Temperature Control Switches (4): Contains two switches:
-- Temperature Increase Switch: Pressing the UP arrow increases the
temperature of the air from the air outlets or increases the auto preset
temperature.
-- Temperature Decrease Switch: Pressing the DOWN arrow decreases
the temperature of the air from the air outlets or decreases the auto preset
temperature.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -31- Module 1 - Operator's Station

• LCD Screen (5): The LCD screen displays a digital readout of the air
temperature at the air outlets, or the pre-set temperature, if in Auto Mode. The
screen also displays graphic representations of fan speed, air outlet selections,
A/C compressor operation, and defroster activation.

• Fan Speed Control (6): This control contains two soft switches that control
HVAC fan speed:
-- Fan Speed Increase Switch: Push the UP arrow switch repeatedly to
increase fan speed incrementally with each push.
-- Fan Speed Decrease Switch: Push the DOWN arrow switch repeatedly to
decrease fan speed incrementally with each push.

• Air Inlet Select Switch (7): Used to select the air inlet source for the HVAC
system. The switch toggles between these two selections:
-- Recirculate: When this air inlet position is selected, the outside air inlet is
closed. The air will be recirculated inside the cab.
-- Fresh Air: When this air inlet position is selected, the outside air inlet is
open. Fresh (outside) air will be heated/cooled and circulate into the cab.

• Defrost Switch (8): Used for defrosting or defogging the windows. The air
will also be dehumidified if the compressor is running. This selection directs
air flow out of the air outlets for the upper and lower windshields.

• Compressor Switch (9): Used to turn the compressor ON and OFF. Push the
switch in order to turn on the compressor or push the switch in order to turn off
the compressor. In humid conditions, the compressor may be used to remove
moisture from the air in the cab.

• 12 Volt Power Receptacle (10): A second power outlet is located to the rear
of the radio.

• Radio (11): The radio operates almost identically to those in previous


machines, except that an MP3 player may be plugged into a jack in order to
listen to prerecorded music of the operator’s choice.

• MP3 Player Jack (12): The audio input jack is located beneath the rubber
dust cap. To listen to prerecorded music from an MP3 player, press the
AM/FM/AUX button (13) until the MP3 player is selected as an input.

All machines are equipped with a cab heater, but not all machines are equipped
with an air conditioner. Those machines that are not equipped with an air
conditioner do not have the compressor switch.

NOTE: In order to convert the digital temperature reading from degrees


Celsius to degrees Fahrenheit, depress and hold both keys of the fan
switch (UP arrow and DOWN arrow) at the same time for five seconds. The
same action is used for converting the temperature reading from Degrees
Fahrenheit to Degrees Celsius.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -32- Module 1 - Operator's Station

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REAR CAB AREA
• Fuse and Relay Panel component The fuse and relay panel (1) is now located inside the cab, behind and to the left of
location: the operator seat. This photo shows the panel with the trim cover removed.

-- Fuse and relay panel (1) Beneath the fuse and relay panel is the diagnostic connector (2) for Cat ET.

-- Diagnostic connector for


Cat ET (2)

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -33- Module 1 - Operator's Station

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• Component identification behind Moving the seat, pedestal, and seat back completely forward and removing the soft
the operator seat trim panel behind the seat gains access to the following components:

• Product Link (2nd Generation) radio (1)

• Gateway Worldview Module (2)

• Machine ECM (3)

• Diagnostic connector for Cat ET (4)

• Internal cab air filter (5) for the HVAC system.

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FRESH AIR FILTER

• Cab fresh air filter for outside The fresh air filter for bringing outside air (1) into the HVAC system is accessed
air (1) from outside the cab. The triangular filter door (2) must be unlocked and opened to
gain access to the filter. The filter door is located on the left side of the machine,
• Locking door for air filter just behind the operator compartment door.
access (2)
This air filter cleans the outside air before it is heated or cooled by the HVAC
• HVAC ambient air temperature system.
sensor (3)
The ambient air temperature sensor for the HVAC system (3) is installed beneath
the filter door, above the air filter.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -35- Module 1 - Operator's Station

PURPOSE

This module was designed to ensure technicians can


locate, identify, and describe the function of all machine
operation controls in the operator’s station.

35
PURPOSE REVIEW

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -36- Module 1 - Operator's Station

REASON

It is necessary for technicians to be able to locate,


identify, and describe the function of all machine
operation controls in the operator’s station in order to
test all machine functions for proper operation.

36
REASON REVIEW

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -37- Module 1 - Operator's Station

COMPETENCY STATEMENT

Participants are now able to locate, identify, and


describe the function of all machine operation controls
from the list provided on the lab worksheets for this
module.

37
COMPETENCY STATEMENT REVIEW

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -38- Module 1 - Operator's Station

LEARNING OUTCOMES

This 374F and 390F Hydraulic Excavator Operator’s


Station module has been completed and participants
are able to:
• Locate, identify, and describe the functionality of all
machine operation controls, switches, and buttons in
the operator’s station.

38
LEARNING OUTCOMES REVIEW

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -39- Module 1 - Operator's Station

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MODULE CONCLUSION

This concludes the Operator’s Station module for the 374F and 390F Hydraulic
Excavator.

When used in conjunction with the Operation and Maintenance Manual (OMM)
and other service information, the operator and the service technician will be able
to locate, identify, and demonstrate proper usage of the major components and
controls in the operator’s station of the 374F and 390F Hydraulic Excavator.

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