Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 13

Образовательный портал «РЕШУ ЕГЭ» (https://en-ege.sdamgia.

ru)

Вариант № 986953

1. Задание 1 № 4589
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого го‐
ворящего A–F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1–7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обо‐
значенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.
Вы услы​ши​те за​пись два​жды.

1. Give yourself a treat!


2. Making food is a kind of art.
3. It is natural to be a vegetarian.
4. Go out of your comfort zone!
5. Food is just a kind of fuel.
6. A meal is a family occasion.
7. Food should be healthy.

Го​во​ря​щий A B C D E F
Утвер​жде​ние

2. Задание 2 № 4590
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А–G соответствуют
содержанию текста (1 – True) , какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то
есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not
stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись два‐
жды.

A. Giles loves classical music.


B. Giles and Tony are going to Moscow in summer.
C. Tchaikovsky is Tony’s favourite composer.
D. Louise knows a lot about Van Cliburn.
E. Giles and Louise live in Washington, D.C.
F. Louise studies to be an artist.
G. Giles has been to Paris before.

За​пи​ши​те в ответ цифры, рас​по​ло​жив их в по​ряд​ке, со​от​вет​ству​ю​щем бук​вам:

A B C D E F G

3. Задание 3 № 1949
Вы услы​ши​те ре​пор​таж два​жды. Вы​бе​ри​те пра​виль​ный ответ 1, 2 или 3.

Which of the following is TRUE about scuba diving?

1) You can do it only in the sea.


2) It involves use of special breathing equipment.
3) It requires three years of training.

1/13
Образовательный портал «РЕШУ ЕГЭ» (https://en-ege.sdamgia.ru)

4. Задание 4 № 1950
Вы услы​ши​те ре​пор​таж два​жды. Вы​бе​ри​те пра​виль​ный ответ 1, 2 или 3.

Which of the following is NOT true about scuba diving?

1) You can look at a lot of different fish.


2) One usually wants to repeat the experience.
3) You can hear a lot of sea sounds.

5. Задание 5 № 1951
Вы услы​ши​те ре​пор​таж два​жды. Вы​бе​ри​те пра​виль​ный ответ 1, 2 или 3.

Which part of a diver's equipment is NOT absolutely necessary?

1) Wetsuit.
2) Mask.
3) Scuba fins.

6. Задание 6 № 1952
Вы услы​ши​те ре​пор​таж два​жды. Вы​бе​ри​те пра​виль​ный ответ 1, 2 или 3.

A buoyancy control device helps the diver to ...

1) regulate the air tank level.


2) control distance and depth.
3) fight decompression sickness.

7. Задание 7 № 1953
Вы услы​ши​те ре​пор​таж два​жды. Вы​бе​ри​те пра​виль​ный ответ 1, 2 или 3.
According to Barbara, why is it better to go to a dive school?

1) You get a certificate.


2) You learn more about safety underwater.
3) Self-teaching is illegal.

8. Задание 8 № 1954
Вы услы​ши​те ре​пор​таж два​жды. Вы​бе​ри​те пра​виль​ный ответ 1, 2 или 3.

What is the purpose of the 'buddy' system in diving?

1) Not to feel lonely underwater.


2) Not to depend on one's instructor.
3) Not to be alone in a difficult situation.

9. Задание 9 № 1955
Вы услы​ши​те ре​пор​таж два​жды. Вы​бе​ри​те пра​виль​ный ответ 1, 2 или 3.

According to Barbara, what should a diver do?

1) Encourage tourists to dive.


2) Swim near coral reefs.
3) Avoid contact with sea life.

10. Задание 10 № 4514


Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Запишите свои ответы в
таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

2/13
Образовательный портал «РЕШУ ЕГЭ» (https://en-ege.sdamgia.ru)

1. Information and technology


2. Never put off till tomorrow
3. Don't forget to rest
4. Set realistic targets
5. Find a place to your liking
6. Write down and revise
7. More important at college
8. Study plans per week

A. Today’s young generation will also need to master a new skill – digital literacy. Digital literacy
can be defined as “the ability to find, evaluate, utilize, share, and create content using information
technologies and the Internet”. Digital literacy, by this definition, encompasses a wide range of skills,
all of which are necessary to succeed in an increasingly digital world. Students who lack digital literacy
skills may soon find themselves at a disadvantage. As technology changes, students also need to keep
updated.
B. The key to becoming an effective student is learning how to study smarter, not harder. This
becomes more and more true as you advance in your education. An hour or two of studying a day is
usually sufficient to make it through high school with satisfactory grades, but when college arrives,
there aren’t enough hours in the day to squeeze all your studying in if you don’t know how to make
your study efficient without skipping sleep or meals. The vast majority of successful college students
achieve their success by developing and applying effective study habits.
C. Ever find yourself up late at night expending more energy trying to keep your eyelids open than
you are studying? If so, it’s time for a change. Successful students typically space their work out over
shorter periods of time and rarely try to cram all of their studying into just one or two sessions. If you
want to become a successful student, then you need to learn to be consistent in your studies and to have
regular, yet shorter, study sessions, with periods of rest in between. That will give your brain time to
process the new information.
D. Successful students schedule specific times throughout the week when they are going to study –
and then they stick with their schedule. Students who study sporadically and whimsically typically do
not perform as well as students who have a set study schedule. Сreating a weekly routine, where you set
aside a period of time a few days a week, to review your courses will ensure you develop habits that
will enable you to succeed in your education long term. You won’t get stressed or overwhelmed by
portioning your workload.
E. It is very easy, and common, to put off your study session because of lack of interest in the
subject, because you have other things you need to get done, or just because the assignment is hard and
needs effort and perseverance. Successful students do not procrastinate studying. If you procrastinate
your study session, your studying will become less effective and you may not get everything
accomplished that you need to. Procrastination also leads to rushing, and rushing is the number one
cause of errors.
F. Always make sure to take good notes in class. Before you start each study session, and before you
start a particular assignment, review your notes thoroughly to make sure you know how to complete the
assignment correctly. Reviewing before each study session will help you remember important subject
matter learned during the day, and make sure your studying is targeted and effective. Successful
students also look through what they have written down at their lectures and seminars during the week
over the weekend.
G. Everyone gets distracted by something: TV, or maybe family. Some people actually study better
with a little background noise. When you’re distracted while studying you lose your train of thought
and are unable to focus – both of which will lead to very ineffective studying. Before you start, find a
place where you won’t be disturbed. For some people this is a quiet cubical in the recesses of the
library. For others it is in a common area where there is little background noise. For some it may be a
park or a garden – there are so many options to choose from!

Текст A B C D E F G
Заголовок

3/13
Образовательный портал «РЕШУ ЕГЭ» (https://en-ege.sdamgia.ru)

11. Задание 11 № 1466


Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами
1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 — лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие
части пред​ло​же​ний, в таб​ли​цу.

The science of sound, or acoustics, as it is often called, has been made over radically within a
comparatively short space of time. Not so long ago the lectures on sound in colleges and high schools
dealt chiefly with the vibrations of such things as the air columns in organ pipes. Nowadays, however,
thanks chiefly to a number of electronic instruments engineers can study sounds as effectively A
______ . The result has been a new approach to research in sound. Scientists have been able to make
far-reaching discoveries in many fields of acoustics B ______ .
Foremost among the instruments that have revolutionized the study of acoustics are electronic
sound-level meters also known as sound meters and sound-intensity meters. These are effective devices
that first convert sound waves into weak electric signals, then amplify the signals through electronic
means C ______ . The intensity of a sound is measured in units called decibels. “Zero” sound is the
faintest sound D ______ . The decibel measures the ratio of the intensity of a given sound to the
standard “zero” sound. The decibel scale ranges from 0 to 130. An intensity of 130 decibels is perceived
not only as a sound, but also E ______ . The normal range of painlessly audible sounds for the average
human ear is about 120 decibels. For forms of life other than ourselves, the range can be quite different.
The ordinary sound meter measures the intensity of a given sound, rather than its actual loudness.
Under most conditions, however, it is a quite good indicator of loudness. Probably the loudest known
noise ever heard by human ears was that of the explosive eruption in August, 1883, of the volcano of
Krakatoa in the East Indies. No electronic sound meters, of course, were in existence then, but
physicists estimate that the sound at its source must have had an intensity of 190 decibels, F ______ .

1. and finally measure them.


2. since it was heard 3,000 miles away.
3. and they have been able to put many of these discoveries to practical use.
4. that loud sound is of high intensity.
5. as they study mechanical forces.
6. as a painful sensation in the ear.
7. that the unaided human ear can detect.

Про​пуск A B C D E F
Часть пред​ло​же​ния

12. Задание 12 № 1496


The first paragraph implies that the public school

1) was more than just an educational institution.


2) offered the best educational curriculum.
3) had developed close ties with a college.
4) preferred students talented in sports and music.

Keeping busy

The public school in town served a number of purposes. Education, of course, was one. It offered a
curriculum in general education, manual education, and preparatory education for college. Its music and
sports programs provided entertainment to the school and its patrons. And the school served as an
agency of social cohesion, bringing the community together in a common effort in which everyone took
pride.

The sports program was the center of gravity of extra-curricular activities. The school fielded junior

4/13
Образовательный портал «РЕШУ ЕГЭ» (https://en-ege.sdamgia.ru)

and senior varsity teams in football, basketball and track. Any young man with enough coordination to
walk and chew gum at the same time could find a place on one of those teams. In addition, sports
generated a need for pep rallies, cheerleaders, a band, homecoming activities, parades and floats, a
homecoming queen and maids of honor, and a sports banquet. It also mobilized parents to support the
activities with time and money.

There were any number of clubs a student might join. Some were related to academics, like the
Latin Club, the Spanish Club, and the Science Club. Others brought together students interested in a
profession, like the Future Farmers of America, the Future Homemakers of America, the Future
Teachers of America, and the Pre-Med Club. Still others were focused on service. The Intra-Mural
Council, made up of girls (who had been neglected in the regular sports program), organized
tournaments in a variety of sports for girls. The Library Club worked to improve library holdings and
equipment. The Pep Club organized homecoming activities, parades and athletic banquets.

The Student Council, including representatives from each class, was elected by the student body
after a heated political campaign with banners and speeches. It represented student interests to the
administration and the school board. It approved student clubs that were formed, helped resolve
discipline problems, and played a role in setting codes of conduct and dress. For the most part, it was a
docile body that approved the policies of the administration.

The Journalism Club published a monthly newspaper of school news and opinion. It was financed
by selling ads to business men in the community.

Another group planned and published the school Yearbook, which was a pictorial record of the
student body, the year’s activities, sports, and achievements. The Yearbook staff sponsored a beauty
contest, pictured outstanding students selected by the faculty, and a Who’s Who of popular and talented
students selected by the student body.

Churches in town, of which there were many, sponsored their own activities for youth; and the
community sponsored a recreation center, called Teen Town, for chaperoned Saturday night dances
each week. Community and school leaders seemed determined to keep the youth of the town busy and
out of trouble. In a small Southern town in the Bible Belt where very few students had access to a car,
which had been voted dry and in which no alcohol was sold, they succeeded marvelously well.

13. Задание 13 № 1497


Which of the following is true about the school’s sports programme?

1) Ability to chew gum while walking was required of all participants.


2) The sportsmen were supposed to join the school band.
3) It was run on the money collected from parents.
4) It played the most important role outside the curriculum.

5/13
Образовательный портал «РЕШУ ЕГЭ» (https://en-ege.sdamgia.ru)

14. Задание 14 № 1498


The word ‘others’, in paragraph 3, refers to...

1) academics.
2) school clubs.
3) students.
4) professionals.

15. Задание 15 № 1499


Which of the following is NOT the function of the Student Council?

1) Representation of students’ interests.


2) Helping administration in discipline issues.
3) Formation of school clubs.
4) Participation in conduct code setting.

16. Задание 16 № 1500


The money for the advertisements from local businessmen was used to pay for

1) the Journalism Club.


2) the publication of a monthly newspaper.
3) the publication of the school Yearbook.
4) financing the beauty contest.

17. Задание 17 № 1501


Saturday night dances were sponsored by

1) the recreation center.


2) churches.
3) the school.
4) the community.

18. Задание 18 № 1502


Who does the title ‘Keeping Busy’ refer to?

1) young people.
2) school council.
3) town churches.
4) community.

19. Задание 19 № 3638


Пре​об​ра​зуй​те, если это не​об​хо​ди​мо, слово «ONE» так, чтобы оно грам​ма​ти​че​ски со​от​вет​ство​‐
ва​ло со​дер​жа​нию тек​ста.

The Renaissance

Around 1350, art, learning, and science started to flourish in some parts of Europe. To many people,
this was the beginning of a new golden age.
This period was not the _________ golden age in Europe.

6/13
Образовательный портал «РЕШУ ЕГЭ» (https://en-ege.sdamgia.ru)

20. Задание 20 № 3639


Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово HAVE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответство‐
ва​ло со​дер​жа​нию тек​ста.

Greece ________ one 1,900 years before. About 500 years later, Roman civilization had been at its
height.

21. Задание 21 № 3640


Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово EARLY так, чтобы оно грамматически соответ‐
ство​ва​ло со​дер​жа​нию тек​ста.

Because this new golden age was something like _________ Greek and Roman periods, it is called
the Renaissance. The word 'renaissance' means 'rebirth.' Many Greek and Roman values were reborn in
the Renaissance.

22. Задание 22 № 3641


Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово WIFE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответство‐
ва​ло со​дер​жа​нию тек​ста.

Windsor Castle

Windsor is a small town not far from London which is about a thousand years old.
It became the setting for The Merry ___________ of Windsor,

23. Задание 23 № 3642


Пре​об​ра​зуй​те, если это не​об​хо​ди​мо, слово HE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало
со​дер​жа​нию тек​ста.

Shakespeare’s only comedy that takes place in England, when Queen Elizabeth I commanded
______ to write a play for her court.

24. Задание 24 № 3643


Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово DESTROY так, чтобы оно грамматически соответ‐
ство​ва​ло со​дер​жа​нию тек​ста.

What the town is famous for today is Windsor Castle, the Royal residence. From a plane Windsor
Castle with its big round tower looks like a child's dream of a sand castle. Sadly, in 1992 fire
___________ a large part of the castle buildings.

25. Задание 25 № 3644


Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово WILLING так, чтобы оно грамматически соответ‐
ство​ва​ло со​дер​жа​нию тек​ста.

In 1770, James Cook landed on the east coast of Australia and claimed the land for Great Britain.
For many years after that, only a few people came to Australia ___________. It was too far from
Europe to attract many outsiders.

7/13
Образовательный портал «РЕШУ ЕГЭ» (https://en-ege.sdamgia.ru)

26. Задание 26 № 1658


Образуйте от слова APPRENTICE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лек‐
си​че​ски со​от​вет​ство​ва​ло со​дер​жа​нию тек​ста.

Repin

Ilya Yefimovich Repin was born in Kharkov, Ukraine in 1844. Aged 22, after an ______ that
covered icon painting and portraiture, he was admitted as a student to the Imperial Academy of Arts in
St Petersburg.

27. Задание 27 № 1659


Образуйте от слова FRANCE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексиче‐
ски со​от​вет​ство​ва​ло со​дер​жа​нию тек​ста.

For more than 3 years, supported by the Academy, Repin lived in Italy and France where he was
exposed to ______ Impressionist painting. This influenced his use of light and colour but he never
became an impressionist.

28. Задание 28 № 1660


Образуйте от слова PSYCHOLOGY однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лек‐
си​че​ски со​от​вет​ство​ва​ло со​дер​жа​нию тек​ста.

Instead he developed "a realist" style of painting. His works often revealed great ______ depth and
exposed tensions within the existing social and political order. In his old age he was celebrated within
the USSR.

29. Задание 29 № 1661


Образуйте от слова COURAGE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексиче‐
ски со​от​вет​ство​ва​ло со​дер​жа​нию тек​ста.

The fact that in the Soviet Union he was eventually identified with the school of “Socialist Realism”
may have harmed his reputation in the West. This is a pity because western prejudice may have ______
many art lovers from looking closely at Repin’s work.

30. Задание 30 № 1662


Об​ра​зуй​те от слова AMBITION однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексиче‐
ски со​от​вет​ство​ва​ло со​дер​жа​нию тек​ста.

The fact is that Repin painted some of the most exciting, original and ______ paintings of his age.
“Party”, “They Did Not Expect Him” and “Reply of the Zaporochian Cossacks” are just a few of his
many masterpieces.

31. Задание 31 № 1663


Образуйте от слова TENSE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически
со​от​вет​ство​ва​ло со​дер​жа​нию тек​ста.

But his greatest contribution to the history of art lies in his fabulous portraits. They are filled
sometimes with ______ , sometimes with humour and tell stories with the hint of a smile and amazing
contrasts of shades.

8/13
Образовательный портал «РЕШУ ЕГЭ» (https://en-ege.sdamgia.ru)

32. Задание 32 № 675


Вставь​те про​пу​щен​ное слово:

1) used
2) kept
3) held
4) took

Before Christmas

Vicky gave this party every year, just before Christmas. She 32 ______ to do it before the war and
she was doing it now, when the war was over. It was always the same people who came. It struck her
suddenly how clannish they all were, but to do  then the Deravenels in particular were somewhat
addicted to their family. Vicky knew that she could always depend 33 ______ her relatives in a crisis.

She was 34 ______ the guests greet each other and share the news. Vicky thought of her sister-in-
law Kathleen, not present tonight. Vicky missed her presence. When Will had arrived tonight, he had 35
______ that Kathleen was really sick. “But not Spanish flu,” he had added swiftly, observing the look
of apprehension crossing her face, “just a heavy cold.”

Fenella’s voice brought her out of her reverie, and she looked across at her old friend, who was
saying, “How is Charlie feeling?”

“He’s relieved he is safely home, but his wounds still hurt and he feels depressed ...” She looked at
Fenella as if 36 ______ advice.

“Mr. Ridgely made a remark to me the other day that he wished there was somewhere wounded
soldiers could go, to have some sort of recreation, talk to other soldiers,” said Fenella.

“That’s an interesting idea “Vicky glanced at the others, 37 ______ a brow. “Don’t you agree?”

“To 38 ______ the truth, I do,”Stephen answered, always ready to back his wife in her project.“ I
think such a place would be quite marvelous for the wounded men, who are now coming home."
Fenella nodded.

33. Задание 33 № 676


Вставь​те про​пу​щен​ное слово:

1) on
2) at
3) in
4) of

9/13
Образовательный портал «РЕШУ ЕГЭ» (https://en-ege.sdamgia.ru)

34. Задание 34 № 677


Вставь​те про​пу​щен​ное слово:

1) looking
2) staring
3) watching
4) gazing

35. Задание 35 № 678


Вставь​те про​пу​щен​ное слово:

1) admitted
2) adopted
3) agreed
4) accepted

36. Задание 36 № 679


Вставьте пропущенное слово:

1) searching
2) posing
3) asking
4) seeking

37. Задание 37 № 680


Вставь​те про​пу​щен​ное слово:

1) falling
2) heaving
3) rising
4) raising

38. Задание 38 № 681


Вставьте пропущенное слово:

1) say
2) tell
3) speak
4) talk

10/13
Образовательный портал «РЕШУ ЕГЭ» (https://en-ege.sdamgia.ru)

39. Задание 39 № 3979


You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Olivia who writes:

… I know it’s often cold in Russia in winter. What do you usually do not to catch a cold? What is a
healthy lifestyle for you? How can you catch up with the class if you do fall ill?
My cousins have come to stay with us for the weekend …

Write a letter to Olivia.


In your letter
— answer her questions
— ask 3 questions about her cousins

Write 100–140 words.


Remember the rules of letter writing.

40. Задание 40 № 2990


Выберите только ОДНО из двух предложенных высказываний и выразите своё мнение по
пред​ло​жен​ной про​бле​ме со​глас​но дан​но​му плану.

Comment on one of the following statements.

1. The Internet is the greatest time-waster.


2 . Some people think that in the future traditional shops will disappear and all shopping will be
online with home delivery.

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement? Write 200–250 words. Use the following
plan:
− make an introduction (state the problem)
− express your personal opinion and give 2–3 reasons for your opinion
− express an opposing opinion and give 1–2 reasons for this opposing opinion
− explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
− make a conclusion restating your position

41. Задание 41 № 3616


Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material
for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text
silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

A tree is a woody plant of a big size, usually over 20 feethigh. It grows with a single
trunk with branches on the upper part. The parts of a tree are the leaves and needles,
buds, cones and flowers, branches and twigs, a trunk or a stem and roots. The world’s
tallest tree is situated in California, the USA. The world’s oldest tree is also in
California. It is more than 4600 years old.
Trees have many important functions. For example, they help prevent erosion. They
also provide building materials. Many trees are grown by people because of their edible
fruits and nuts. Without trees it would be difficult for people to breathe. Trees keep our
air supply fresh. They take in harmful gases and produce oxygen. In fact, this is the way
trees and other plants make their food. One large tree can provide a day’s oxygen for up
to four people.

11/13
Образовательный портал «РЕШУ ЕГЭ» (https://en-ege.sdamgia.ru)

42. Задание 42 № 2791


Study the advertisement.

You are considering visiting the barber shop and you'd like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes
you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:
1) working hours
2) location
3) number of clients per day
4) discount for regular customers
5) contact information
You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

43. Задание 43 № 2813


These are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to describe to your friend.

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15
sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

• where and when the photo was taken


• what/who is in the photo
• what is happening
• why you keep the photo in your album
• why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with: "I’ve chosen photo number … ".

12/13
Образовательный портал «РЕШУ ЕГЭ» (https://en-ege.sdamgia.ru)

44. Задание 44 № 4632


Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

— give a brief description of the photos (action, location)


— say what the pictures have in common
— say in what way the pictures are different
— say which way of spending time with a friend presented in the pictures you preferred in your
childhood
— explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

13/13