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= Phrasal Verbs
in Spoken English : / . . .
: , 2012. 272 . (Modern English).
ISBN 978-985-536-324-9.

( -
, ).
, , , -

Phrasal Verbs in Spoken English

. .
. .
. .
12.06.2012. 6084
. . . . . 15,81. .-. . 10,8.
2000 .
- .
02330/0494056 03.02.2009. . , 9, 220014, . .
. 219-74-01; e-mail: rtsminsk@mail.ru; http://www.ts.by.
02330/0494179 03.04.2009. . , 79, 220013, . .
ISBN 978-985-536-324-9 . ., 2012
. , 2012

................................................................................... 4
ADVERBS ..................................................................................... 7
WORD) VERBS .......................................... 22
MIXED COMBINATIONS ........................................................... 119
PHRASAL VERBS IN TOPICS .................................................. 156
Topic: Shopping .................................................................. 156
Topic: Food ......................................................................... 161
Topic: Holidays. Travelling .................................................. 164
Topic: Travelling. Traff ic ..................................................... 172
Topic: Hotel ......................................................................... 184
Topic: Flat ........................................................................... 187
Topic: Appearance. Character .......................................... 199
Topic: Feelings .................................................................... 205
Topic: People ...................................................................... 208
Topic: Family .......................................................................214
Topic: Jobs and Work ......................................................... 233
Topic: Medical Matters ...................................................... 240
Topic: Education ................................................................. 246
Topic: News ........................................................................ 253
Topic: Telephoning ............................................................. 258
Topic: Money. At the Bank ............................................... 263
.................. 272

. -
, -
, -
- (
: to go, to
get, to put .), (up, down, out .)
(, -
). ( ) -

, :
to come back (to come , back ,
to go away (to go , away )
to go down (to go , down )
to make out (to make , out )
to put out (to put , out )
to give in , (to give , in )
, ,
: I get up at 7 oclock. (-
) She took me in. ( -
). -
( ) ,
) . : I get up [ ]. I get
someone up [ -].

, -
. -
: She took me in [ ].
, -
: They took in a lot of people [ -
]. They took a lot of people in.
come, go, break, put .
, -
, -
. -
to make up.
Make up 1. , ( -
, , . .); 2. ; ; ;
3. (), ; 4. ; ; -
; 5. (),
, , , up
: drink [eat] up
[] ; dry up ; wash up -
; boil up ., off ,
: go off ; run off ; drive off ; rush off
; walk off ; hurry off

, -
, -

, -

, .
, -

. -
, .
, ,
. -

. ,
, -
. -

, -


1) , , ; was
nowhere about. (). Dont leave
papers lying about. He .
There is a good deal of influenza about at present.
. There is a rumour about.
2) , , ; Several boys
were standing about. () -
1) -. -
( , , . .) ; -
; to stroll about
; They moved the furniture about. -
. The children were rushing about in the
garden. .
2) ; ; After
swimming a mile he turned about and swam back to the shore.
, .
3. , , ;
; is about as tall as I am. ,
4. -. ( -
); was about to reply but thought better of it.
, .
1. ; to plan ahead () -
; to go (to get) ahead , ();
to look ahead ;
2. ; ahead of the time ; Walk ahead of us.
1) , , ; far (wide) apart
; This house stood apart
from others. ( ) -
. Keep the dogs apart. He
2) ; to set English books apart
; to set some money apart -
( -. )
2. , ; ; , ; to live (to
dwell) apart ; The friends have grown much apart.
( ).
3. , ; to fall apart ; to take
apart (); to take the watch apart -

1) -. ; away from home
; far away
2) ; away back ;
away back in the twenties - () 20-
1) , ; to boil away ; to pass
away ; Sounds were dying away. .
2) ; to give away sth to sb
() -. -.; to give away a secret

1. , ; Keep back! He ()! ()! He
stood back in the crowd. . The police
kept the crowd back. .
2. , ; to get (to take, to send, to bring) back
(, , ) (); to go (to come,
to run, to ride, to fly) back (, , ,
3. ; to pay back ) ;
) ; to answer back (. );
to hit (to strike) back ; to love back -
; to talk back
4. ; to hold back the tears
; to hold back wages
1. ; passed by without a word. , -
2. , ; No one was by. ; to stand
3. ; Stand (Step) by! ! !
4. to put, to set, to lay ; to
put by money ; Put the work by for the moment.
1) ; . -
; to come down ; to bend down -
, ; Is the elevator going down?
?; to take sth down (-
) -.; He took the picture down from the wall.
; to take sb down -.

. .; to lie down ; to sit down
3) , , . .;
further down ; down to the country
; to go down , -
; to come down for a weekend
4) . ; trains going down , -

5) ; When
did he come down from Oxford? -
( )?
6) ; Come down south this summer. -
() .
1) ; is down. (-
). The shades (the blinds) are down. .
2) , -
-. ; down in the country -
; to live down in Hampshire ; They live
down by the river. .
3. , , , -
, , ; to go down ;
, ; , ; to die down
( , ); to wear down ; to boil
down (in cooking) ; to bring down the price
; The sea is down. . The wind is down.
(). Bread is down. . The
machinery broke down. .
4. ; to write (to note, to set) sth
down -.; I have it down (on paper).
5. ; to talk sb down
-.; ; to shout sb down
) -.; ) -. -

, ; to go forward ; to send forward -
; to put forward ,
1) ; Is anyone in? () -?
2) ; ( , . .); is not
in today. (, . .).
3) , ; . ;
Come in! ! Bring him in! ! Open your
bag and put the money in.
2. . ; It set in to rain.
3. ; to be in ) ; The mail is in. -
. The train isnt in yet. ; )
; The harvest is in. ; ) (
); Spring is in. . Strawberries are in. -
. Football is over and hockey is in. -
, .
1) , . . -
-, -, -, - .; to drive off ,
; to walk off ; to go off on a journey -
; The children ran off. . He
pushed me off. . sent the parcel off.
2) -
-; -; to fall off ; to jump off ; to
slip off
3) -
-, -; to break off ; to shake off -
; to bite off a piece ; Cut the end off.
() . The handle (button) came
off. () .
4) . .; took his coat (glasses)
off. ().
5) , ; to drink off -
( ); to pay off ones debt ; to
kill off the animals
2. () ; to break off work
; to cut off supplies ()
1) ; The number of visitors dropped
off. . The profits fell off.
2) ; The pain passed off. .
3) , -.; to marry (to get) ones
daughters off
4) ; to turn (to switch, to
put) off ; Switch off the light. () .
turned off the radio. .
1) -.; Tea is on.
( ).
2) -.; Put the kettle on. -
( . .).
1) ; to work (to write) on
(); She sang on. . Go
on! ! Go on reading! () ! The
war still went on. ().
; Go on! ()! On, John,
on! , , ! sent the luggage on.
. Time glides on. (-
). Time is getting on. .
3) -. ; to be well on in years
; It is getting on for six oclock.
(). is going on for five. -
(). It was well on at night [in September].
. [ .]
4) ;
further on ; later on , ; from ... on -
; from now (that day) on
3. -
; The game is on. . Breakfast is on from eight to ten.
4. , ,
. . -, -; to
turn on the tap ; to switch (to turn) on the gas
; The radio is on. .
1) -.;
. . , ; . -
; to have ones hat (shoes) on (-
); What had he on? ()? had
his spectacles on. . Put on your coat.
2) -. , ; -
. ; Rub this ointment on.
1) ( )
-. -;
is out. . ( .) left his bicycle out.
2) -
-; to run out ; to jump out ; to
fall out
1) , . . -
-, -; stretched out on the sofa.
2) -,
-; She put (held) her hand out. . His
legs were stretched out. .
1) -. ( )
-; The sun came out. (-
, ).
2) , -.
-; His book soon comes out. -
( ) . The firm put out a new
line of shoes. .
4. , -. -
-, -; to leave out sth (
) -.; Leave the first paragraph out.
; to cross out a word
-; -, -, -, -, ; Hear me out. -
; to type out sth (-
) -.; wrote out a check. .
2) -
-, -, -, ; to work out a plan
; I have thought it out. -
3) -.
-, -, -; to die out -
; to burn out
6. -. . . -
-; His height makes him
stand out in a crowd. .
His paper was picked out from all other papers. -
7. -
-, -; shouted out. .
8. -, -; Give the
tickets out. .
1) -. , ;
to hang over , ; The balloon
was directly over.
2) -. -
-; to jump over ; to step over -
; to climb over into the garden

3) , , -
. . -
-; to roll over
nepe(); to turn sth over -.
; to knock sb over -.
4) , -
-; to
go over to the enemy ; to
sail over ( ); drove us over
to the other side of town. -
5) -.
-. -;
led her over to the window. . Send
her over to me. . Take these letters over to
the post office. .
2. , , ; over again, over and over
(again) , , (); said the same
thing over and over (again).
; to do sth over -.; Youll have to do it over
(again). .

-, -; to think sth over -.; to talk over
; to check over ; to read a newspaper over
( )
2) -.; The lesson (the concert) is over.
() .
4. , , ; to lay
over ; ; to hold over a decision -

5. , -
. . ( all over); to be all over in dust (in mud)
() ; to paint the wall
over () ; They searched the town
over. .
6. -.
-; to hand sth over to sb
-. -.; to take over a job from sb
, -.
1) , ; to
run (to fly) round () ; The wheels went
(turned) round. ().
2) -. ( ),
-, -; to hand (to pass) sth round -
( . .)
3) -. ;
- .; Hand the papers round.
() . The news was soon
carried round. .
1) , -
. . ; all the country round no ;
all round ; The peddler went round with his goods.

. .
2) , . .; Lets go into town and look
round (have a look round).
; Everyone turned round. .
2) , . .; to talk sb round
-.; We soon won him round.
() .
4. . -. -., -
-. -.; to ask sb round for the evening
-. ; to bring sb round -.
; Ill call round at eight. . Come round
and see me. .
1) ; soaked (wet) through -
; chilled through ,

2) ( . .) ,
, ; The next train goes (runs)
through to . .
3) , ,
. .; to let sb through -.; England are through
to the semifinal. .
2. ,
; studied the whole summer through.
3. ( ) -
; .
-, -, - .; to look sth through -
-. ; to sing a song through ;
heard the speech through without interruption. -
, .
1) , ; . -
-; Will you carry the box up? , -
, ; to fly up ; Lift your head
up. ; . Look up.
. The temperature has gone up. -
2) , -. ; to go up to town
( ); to go up to the university (to
Oxford, to Cambridge) ()
( , )
3) , , ,
(); ; ; ; The army marched up
the country. () -
; to go up North ; to sail up the Thames

1) , ; What are you doing
up there? ? The plane is up. -
() .
2) , -. ; up
in London ; up at Oxford ; up at the
3) , . .
; to live up in Scotland
1) ,
-; to get up ) ( ); ) -
( ); isnt up yet. ; to sit
up ( ); to stand up
2) ; to be (to stay) up till late ();
; to be up all night

4. -., -. ; -
. -; The automobile drove
up. . came up and asked the way.
, .
1) , . .
-; to go up in price

2) , , . . -
; to come (to move) up in the world

1) , -.; Many
new cities have sprung up in our country.
; to put up a monument

2) -. -
-, -, -; to blow
up the fire ; to bring up a new topic

3) , -
, . .; Sing up! () !
Speak up! () ! Hurry up! ()!
Cheer up! He ()!
7. ; Parliament is up. -
. Your time is up. . His
leave is up. . The month was up yesterday.
8. , -
, , ; -
; to drink (to eat) up ()
( ); to buy up ; The stream has dried up. -
() ; to tear up a letter -
; to boil up
9. ; to invite sb up for dinner -
-. ; to wake up ; to fill up a
glass ; to gather up the books ;
The party ended up with a dance. ;
to praise sb up -.
account for to give an explanation of sth
He has behaved in the most extraordinary way; I cant account
for his actions at all/I cant account for his behaving like that.
allow for ; ; -
; (-.) to include sb/sth when
calculating sth
It will take about an hour to get there, allowing for traffic
All these factors must be allowed for.
answer back
1. , ( );
to speak rudely to sb in authority, especially when they are
criticizing you or telling you to do sth
Dont answer back!
Stop answering your mother back.
2. ; to defend
yourself against criticism
He was given the chance to answer back in a radio interview.
ask after to say that you would like to know how
sb is, what they are doing, etc.
He always asks after you in his letters.
ask around . to speak to a number of differ-
ent people in order to try and get some information
I dont know of any vacancies in the company but Ill ask
ask for , (-.) to say that you want
to speak to sb or be directed to a place
When you arrive, ask for Jane.
ask in -. () . . to
invite sb to enter the house
Mrs Sutton asked me in.
ask out (-.) to invite sb to go out with you, es-
pecially as a way of starting a romantic relationship
Hes too shy to ask her out.
ask over/round to invite sb to come and visit
What if he asks you over for the evening?
Ill ask Sylvia Wicks round for a drink.
attend to ( -., -.); ( -.,
-.) to deal with sb/sth; to take care of sb/sth; see to
I have some urgent business to attend to.
Are you being attended to, Sir?
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. She asked me ... on Friday, said the Count. 2. He rang the office
and asked ... Cynthia. 3. The vicar went across the hall to ask Mrs
Daniels . 4. She asked but no one seemed to know where the little
boy had gone. 5. She asked ... my father. 6. Go to the office and ask ...
my secretary. 7. He didnt ask me ...; he kept me standing at the door
while he read the message. 8. She had a lot of friends and was usually
asked ... in the evenings, so she seldom spent an evening at home.
9. I hoped he could ask me ... to his house. 10. She asked ... his health.
11. One evening he asked me ... to inspect the house. 12. A nurse at-
tended ... his needs constantly. 13. If we do not attend ... the problem,
it will certainly grow. 14. If you are self-employed, allow ... tax and
national insurance. 15. How do you account ... the shows success?
16. What do you do with a child who answers ... ?
2. Translate into English.
1. , () -
. 2. . 3. -
, . 4. -
? 5. . 6.
, (), - .
7. . 8.
. 9. -
. 10. .
11. () -
. 12. , -
? , . 13.
be about , to be nearby
is somewhere about.
be about (to do sth) -. to be on the point
of doing sth
We were just about to leave when you telephoned.
be after
1. (sb) , -. to chase
The police were after him.
2. (sth) -., e-.
to want, to try to gain
Hes after a job at our place.
Lets assume that they are really after information and not
be against to be opposed to (often used with ger-
Im against doing anything till the police arrive.
be away , to be away from home/
this place for at least a night
Youll have to call again. The director is away on business.
be back to (have) return(ed)
I have to go now, but Ill be back soon.
be down
1. ( ) to be downstairs (no longer up-
He is not down yet. (He has not finished dressing, etc.)
Is he up yet? Yes, he is up (out of bed) and down (from the
dressing room).
2. , ,
Have you been down to see Robin Hill?
1) (), () to go down, to be lowered (of
blinds, curtains) .
The blinds are down.
2) , ( ) to set (of sun)
The sun was nearly down.
1) , , ( )
to decrease in amount
The yield of cotton is down compared with last year.
2) , , to decrease in intensity
(of wind, temperature, etc.)
The wind is down.
The sea is down (is not rough).
5. be down (with) to have or catch an illness
Mrs Ryan was down with flu.
be for to be in favour of (often used with ger-
I am for doing nothing till the police arrive.
be in , , to be at home/ in this
Is Mr Baxter in?
be in for -. (. )
to expect sth (usu. bad)
We are in for a storm. .
She is in for a rude awakening. -
be off
1. , to leave
I must be off.
The train is off.
2. to be free from work
I am off for the afternoon today.
3. , to be cancelled,
The meeting is off.
4. ( , . .) to be
no longer on
The electricity was off yesterday.
be on
1. , , ( ,
. .) to be switched on
All the lights were on.
2. ( , ); to be
shown (of films, plays)
There is a good film on at our club.
3. , to be happening, to take place
Whats on? (whats going on, whats happening?)
The exhibition will be on next week.
be out
1. , ; not to be at ones
home, office
He is out at the moment.
I was out at the pictures.
2. , ( , . .) to be
switched off
The fire is out.
3. , to become known, to be
Its no use trying to keep it back. The news will be out anyway.
4. to be published
My book is out at last.
5. (of) , to be short of sth, to
lack sth
The money is out.
Im out of cigarettes.
be over , to come to an and
The storm is over now; we can go.
be through (with) -., -.
-. to have finished (a relationship, job, etc.)
He is through with his work.
Im through with that fellow.
be up
1. , ; , to be out
of bed
I am always up at seven oclock.
2. , not to go to bed
(usu. late); stay up
Ive been up with him all night.
3. , to be lifted, to have risen
The blinds are up.
4. , , (
My dear Irene I have to be up in town tomorrow.
5. , to rise
The shares are up today.
He is up in the world now.
6. ( ), , to expire
(of time, holiday, agreement)
Time is up.
My leave is up.
7. , to be going on (usu. interrog.)
Whats up? , ?
Something is up. - , - .
be up to
1. , -. to do (usu. sth wrong)
What are the children up to?
Im going to tell his parents what hes been up to.
2. , to be equal to
He is not up to his father as a scholar.
Im quite up to the work, Mr Soames.
3. -. ( ); -
-. to depend on; to be ones responsibility or
Its up to the government to take action on violence.
I have helped you as much as I can. Now its up to you. (You
must continue by your own efforts.)
4. -. to be physically capable of
doing sth
Im sorry, but Im so tired that I am really not up to going to the
theatre with you tonight.
be with (sb)
1. -. to support sb
Ill be with you in all your misfortunes.
2. ; , to be able to un-
derstand what sb is talking about
Are you with me?
Im afraid Im not quite with you.
be with (sb, sth) -., -. ( )
Im with a shipping firm.
Shes been with a touring company for three years.
1. Fill in the correct adverb(s). Translate the sentences.
1. The decisions not her, its her manager. 2. I want to see
Mrs Pitt. Is she ...? No, Im afraid shes ... at the moment. (or No,
Im afraid shes ... for the weekend.) When will she be ...? Shell
be ... in half an hour/next week. 3. Dont expect her to answer the
doorbell at eight oclock on Sunday morning. She wont be ... . 4. As
soon as the examinations are ... we are going away on holiday. 5. Shall
I marry him? Its you. I cant very well decide for you. 6. She
wants to do all the work herself but I dont think she is ... it. 7. He
is a shock. 8. What have you been ? Where have you been?
What will Mamma think? 9. Im ... keeping quiet and saying noth-
ing. 10. The light is ... . 11. The water is ... . 12. Ive been ... this firm
for five years. 13. It was Roger to make sure all the doors and
windows were locked. 14. Id better be ... . Im afraid I might be late.
15. We hired a boat for an hour and when the time was ..., we returned
it. 16. Were all ... you one hundred per cent. 17. I can never make
him out. I wonder what he is ... ... . 18. I have just seen her. She must
be somewhere ... . 19. The doctor is ... now; hes making his rounds.
20. I knew him well enough to guess by the look on his face that he
was something. 21. Martin is ... career, not culture. 22. Are you
... or ... this plan? 23. We saw Father looking angrily out of the broken
window, and we knew we were it. 24. He looks guilty. What do
you think hes been ? 25. Hes ... in the guests room. 26. Ive
done what I could. Its you to make a choice now. 27. The
freezer was ...; all the food would spoil. 28. We are cold winter.
29. The kids are very quiet. Are they something? 30. When
will you be ... ? I want to know in case somebody rings up. 31. Hes
been ... his work once or twice I know, but I dont think it was from
sickness. 32. Sarahs ... in India somewhere. 33. The wedding is ... .
34. Whats ... TV? 35. We were without electricity for three hours
but its ... again now. 36. There was a war ... at the time. 37. Im
nearly ... with the book. 38. The prices are ... now. 39. Times ... .
Stop writing and hand in your papers. 40. I could tell something was
... by the looks on their faces. 41. Thats the very number were ... .
42. He was ... on business. 43. Im all ... seeing as much as possible.
44. Tom was ... at once. 45. The radio was ... the whole day. 46. The
light was ... in the basement. 47. This lamp has been ... since eleven.
48. The strikes ... . 49. All is ... between us. 50. They are ... with the
job. 51. His contracts ... at the end of the season. 52. I was just ...
to ask you the same thing. 53. Mary is not ... yet. 54. Joe had seen
her that afternoon after the news was ... . 55. The birthrate is very
much . 56. The temperature is ... . 57. I had just been ... with fever.
58. Ill be ... in half an hour. Wait for me. 59. Were ... of milk. 60. Will
you get me some matches? My pipes ... . 61. Were going ... to New
York for the day.
2. Translate into English.
1. , , , .
2. . 3. . 4. -
. 5. . 6. -
. 7. , ? 8.
, . 9.
- . 10. .
11. , . 12. .
13. . 14. ( -
, ). 15. -
( ). 16.
()? 17. . 18.
. 19. , , -
. . 20. .
. 21. ,
, . 22.
. 23. .
. 24. , , -
. 25. , .
. 26. . -
. 27. , ,
. . 28. , -
. 29. , . 30.
. 31. . 32. . 33.
? 34.
. 35. -
. 36. ? .
37. ? . 38.
. 39. . 40. -
. 41.
. . 42. . ,
. 43. -
. 44. . 45. . 46.
. 47.
? , . 48.
. 49. (-
). 50. . 51. .
blow up () to destroy sth by an explosion; to explode
They blew up the bridges so that the enemy couldnt follow
Just as we got to the bridge it blew up.
boil away to change into steam
The water had all boiled away and the kettle was empty.
boil over ( ) to rise and flow over
the sides of the container (used only of hot liquids)
The milk boiled over and there was a horrible smell of
branch out , ( , . .)
to start to do an activity that you have not done before, especially
in your work or business
I decided to branch out on my own.
break down
1. , ; to smash down, to demolish
Firefighters had to break the door down to reach the people
trapped inside.
2. , , (
. .); to stop working
The car has broken down again.
3. , ( ) to become very bad
Her health broke down under the pressure of work.
4. , to fail
Negotiations between the two sides have broken down.
5. , , to
lose control of feelings (of people)
David broke down and wept when he heard the news.
break in, break into , to enter by force
Thieves broke in and stole the silver.
The house was broken into when the owner was on holiday.
break off (, . .) to
end sth suddenly
Ann has broken off her engagement to Tom.
They broke off the conversation.
break out
1. ( , , ) to begin suddenly
A fire broke out during the night.
2. , to escape from a place
Several prisoners broke out of the jail.
break up
1. ( , . .) to go away in
different directions
The meeting broke up at eleven oclock.
2. , ( , ,
. .) to come to an end
Their marriage has broken up.
3. ; to stop
for holidays (of schools, etc.)
When do you break up for Christmas?
break with (sb, sth) -., -. to
cease associating with sb, to do away with sth
He has broken with all his old friends.
Its difficult for him to break with his old habit.
bring about , to make sth happen;
What brought about the change in his attitude?
bring back
1. , to return sb/sth
Please bring back all library books by the end of the week.
2. to make sb remember sth or think about it again
The story brought back the days of their friendship.
bring out , ( . .) to produce sth;
to publish sth
When are you going to bring out your new book?
bring round , to make sb who is
unconscious become conscious again
She fainted with the pain but a little brandy soon brought her
bring up , to educate and train children
I brought up two children alone.
brush up (or brush on) to quickly improve a
skill, especially when you have not used it for a time
I must brush up (on) my Spanish before I go to Seville.
build up
1. (), to increase in amount,
size, or intensity
All the pressure built up and he was off work for weeks with
The noise built up until Mary couldnt stand it any longer.
2. () . . to make sb/yourself
healthier or stronger
You need more protein to build you up.
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. The fire broke ... early this morning and destroyed many build-
ings in the city centre. 2. School breaks ... for the summer on
June 18. 3. The jewellery shop in Lewis Street has been broken ...
three times this year. 4. Mary broke ... her engagement to Bob. 5. They
locked him in a room but he broke ... . 6. Tom and Mary broke ... last
month and Mary is still very upset. 7. A fire broke ... after the football
match yesterday. 8. Mums TV has broken ... . 9. The police broke ...
and arrested all the brothers. 10. Tim and I broke ... . 11. Men
seem to be more skilled at breaking ... relationships with women.
12. Two men wearing masks broke ... Boyds Bank and stole 100,000.
13. At the funeral the boys mother broke ... and started crying.
14. My car broke ... on the motorway and I had to walk to a garage.
15. The old cars were broken ... for their metal and parts. 16. The
thieves broke ... through the back door. 17. The alarm went off as
soon as they tried to break ... the house. 18. Divorce breaks ... a lot
of families. 19. Were lucky, we break ... quite early. 20. People start-
ed to leave at 11 oclock and the party finally broke ... at midnight.
21. The end of the war brought ... great changes. 22. When he
became rich, he broke ... his former friends. 23. The milk is
boiling ... . 24. The police station was blown ... by the terror-
ists. 25. He brought me ... in his car. 26. The band have just
brought ... their second album. 27. He was brought ... by his aunt.
28. Nobody was making any attempt to bring her ... . 29. Seeing the
place again would bring all the horrors ... to me. 30. The Administra-
tion helped bring ... a peaceful settlement. 31. The talks broke ... over
differences on doctrine. 32. He was afraid he was going to break ... and
cry. 33. Brush ... your English! 34. The company has now branched
... into selling insurance. 35. We hepled to build ... the wealth of this
country. 36. We must build him ... before he can go home.
2. Translate into English.
1. . 2. -
. 3. 1939 . . 4.
. 5. . 6. ()
. 7. . 8. -
. 9. . 10.
. 11. ( ).
12. ( ). 13. -
() . 14. . 15.
. 16. . 17. -
( ). 18. -
. 19.
. 20.
. 21. .
22. . 23. -
. 24. -
? 25. . 26. . 27.
. 28. -
. 29. .
call at (a place) -. to pay a short visit usu. on some
I called at the bank and arranged to transfer some money.
call back ( ) to tele-
phone sb again or to telephone sb who telephoned you earlier
She said shed call back.
call for
1. (-. -.) to visit a place to collect a
person or thing
Ill call for you at seven oclock.
2. , (-.) to require
The situation calls for attention.
call in , (-.
. .) to ask sb to come and do sth for you; send for
When he grew worse we called in a second doctor.
call off ( , . .) to cancel
The flight was called off.
They had to call off the match as the ground was too wet to
play on.
call on (a person) -. to pay a visit
When did he call on you last?
call out ; to shout
He called out each name twice.
Come in, he called out from the balcony.
call round/call over ; , to make a
short visit to a person or place
I called round to a dozen places to get the proper size of bulb.
Its OK, well be calling over shortly anyway.
call up
1. to telephone; phone up, ring up
I called him up and asked if he had any news.
2. ( ) to make sb do their training in the
Young people are called up at eighteen.
calm down () to become or to make sb calm
Look, calm down! Well find her.
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. Im going to a pop concert with Tom. He is calling ... me at eight
so I must be ready then. 2. Im waiting for someone to call me ... with
a price. 3. They have called ... their engagement. 4. The game was
called ... because of bad weather. 5. He called ... all the housewives
in the area and asked them to sign the petition. 6. I called him ...
and asked if they had any news. 7. I was extremely lucky not to be
called ... at the time. 8. One boy rushed forward, calling ... his fathers
name. 9. The radio had an open line on which listeners could call ...
to discuss various issues. 10. If it rains, the tennis match will have to
be called ... . 11. Dont bother to call me ... or ring me. 12. The four
of us called ... him in his room. 13. They called me ... for question-
ing. 14. The ship will call ... several ports. 15. She said shed call ... .
16. The situation calls ... prompt action. 17. Ill call ... and see you
on my way home. 18. He took a few deep breaths to calm himself .
19. Ive called ... to report what Ive done.
2. Translate into English.
1. ? 2. .
3. . 4. -
. 5. .
6. , , .
7. . . 8. -
. 9.
. 10. -
3 . 11. .
. 12. ? 13.
. 14. , -
. 15. . 16. .
17. . 18. ,
. 19. , . 20. -
care for
1. ( -., -.) to look after (not much used
except in the passive)
Pets must be properly cared for.
2. ; (-., -.) to like (seldom
used in the affirmative)
He doesnt care for films about war.
not to care about -. to be indiffe-
rent to
The professor said that he was interested only in research;
he didnt really care about students.
be/get carried away to get very excited or lose control of
ones feelings
I got carried away and started shouting at the television.
carry on to continue
He carried on working after everyone else had gone home.
The doctor told her to carry on with the treatment.
carry out
1. , to do and complete a task
Extensive tests have been carried out on the patient.
2. (, , ) to fulfil (a plan, prom-
ise, threat, etc.)
He read the instructions but he didnt carry them out.
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. I didnt mean to buy so much but I got carried ... .2. The first
experiments were carried ... by Dr Preston McLendon. 3. Are you
telling me to carry ... with my investigation? 4. They cant be al-
lowed to be carried ... by their feelings. 5. They have to carry ... many
administrative duties. 6. It was the worst possible place to carry ...
his research. 7. The guest speaker was not in the least disturbed, but
he carried ... reading from his prepared script. 8. Carry your
work while Im away. 9. He carried ... peeling the potatoes. 10. She
doesnt care ... environment issues. 11. She moved back home to care
... her elderly parents. 12. He cared ... her more than she realized.
13. Would you care ... another drink? 14. He didnt drink, he didnt
care ... the taste of it. 15. Here is a young man whom I care ... and
who cares ... me. 16. The house looked well cared ... .
2. Translate into English.
1. . 2. ,
(). 3. . 4.
. 5. . 6. -
. 7.
. 8. , . 9. -
, . 10. -
( ) . 11. -
, . 12.
. 13. , -
.14. . 15.
. 16. ( -
). 17. . 18. -
. 19. - ?
20. . 21.
catch on (to sth) pa. ; , ()
to understand sth
He is very quick to catch on to things.
Hell catch on eventually.
catch up with , (-.) to reach the same place
(level) as
I started last in the race but I soon caught up with the others.
check in ; ; (
, . .)
I checked in at the Gordon Hotel.
check out -
Guests should check out of their rooms by noon.
cheer up ; ; to make sb/ sth
more cheerful
Oh, come on cheer up!
Give Mary a call; she needs cheering up.
chop up ( . .); ; , -
to cut sth into pieces
Chop the carrots up into small pieces.
clean out ( ) to clean the inside of
sth thoroughly; clear out
Clean out your desk.
clean up to remove dirt, etc. from somewhere; clear up
He always expected other people to clean up after him.
clear away ( ) to remove articles in or-
der to make space
He cleared away and made coffee.
Brody stood up and began to clear away the soup bowls.
clear out , to make sth empty and clean by re-
moving things or throwing things away; clean out
Ill clear out this drawer and you can put your things in it.
clear up
1. , to make sth tidy and clean;
clean up
Its time to clear up.
Clear up your own mess!
2. , , to solve, to explain, to
The mystery was cleared up at last.
Inspector Standish was trying to clear up a tiresome problem.
I went to clear the matter up with him.
3. ( ) to become fine or bright
I hope it clears up this afternoon.
Im going back till the weather clears up.
close down , ;
(); , to close; shut
Theyre closing down my old school.
Trade was so bad that many shops closed down.
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. I dont like the dead branches lying about, we must clear
them ... . 2. Therell be plenty of room in that closet when its clea-
red ... . 3. Im fed up with clearing ... after you. 4. I found the letters
when I was clearing ... after my father died. 5. We hoped to clear
... the mystery. 6. When are you going to clear all that rubbish ... of
the greenhouse? 7. I got out the vacuum cleaner, she said, to clear
... that pile of dust in the studio. 8. Its high time you cleared ...
the chest of drawers. 9. The room needs clearing ... after the party.
10. Youve missed a whole term; youll have to work hard to catch
the rest of the class. 11. Please check ... an hour before departure.
12. The following morning he checked ... . 13. She checked ... of the
hotel and took the train to Paris. 14. Soak the plants, then chop them
... as small as you can. 15. She cheered ... a little as Miss Livingstone
went out. 16. She bought strawberries to cheer herself ... . 17. He
cleaned the room ... before leaving. 18. I spent three days cleaning
... our flat. 19.1 was cleaning ... my desk at the office on my last day
there. 20. Whos going to clean ... this mess? 21.1 must clean the fish
tank ... . 22. If the firms failed to make enough money they would
close ... . 23. They finally caught our game.
2. Translate the sentences.
1. , .
2. . 3. , , -
. 4. , , .
5. 6. -
. 7. .
. 8. ? -
. 9. .
. 10. ,
. 11. , ? ,
. 12. , -
. 13. () . 14.
. 15. , .
16. -
. 17. , . 18.
. 19. . 20.
, . 21.
. 22. ,
( ) . 23. -
. 24. ().
25. () .
come about , to happen
Can you tell me how the accident came about?
come across
1. , to meet or find sb/sth by
I came across children sleeping under bridges.
She came across some old photographs in a drawer.
2. come across (as) / to
make a particular impression
He came across as a sympathetic person.
come back to return
They are coming back on Sunday.
come down () ,
to come from one place to another; usually
from the north of a country to the south, or from a larger place to
a smaller one
He came down to the country cottage for the weekend.
He is coming down (from) Oxford at Easter.
come /go down with . . (-.) to get an illness
that is not very serious
I think Im coming down with (the) flu.
come for -./-. to fetch, to pick up
I said I would come for Dolly in the afternoon.
Ill come for the sandwiches later.
come from (of) , to belong to
He comes from (of) a poor family.
come in, come into -. to enter a room or house
Somebody knocked on my door and I said, Come in.
Come into the garden and Ill show you my roses.
come into to inherit
He came into the property when his uncle died.
come off ( . .) to become separated
from sth
When I tried to lift the jug, the handle came off in my hand.
come on/along . . . -,
used in orders to tell sb to hurry or to try harder
Come on/along, or well be late. -, -
Come on, children, lets have a little quiet. -, ,
Oh, come on, be serious! , !
come out
1. to step out, to become visible
Come out, I cant see you there.
2. to be published (of newspapers, books,
plays, etc.)
The book came out in June.
3. , to become
His secret came out.
come over/round , ( ) to visit
sb for a short time
Come over and see us sometime.
Would you like to come round tomorrow evening?
come round/to , to become conscious
Your mother hasnt yet come round from the anaesthetic.
Thats all I remember, until I came to in a lifeboat.
come up (to)
1. to move towards sb
He came up to me and asked for a light.
2. , ; -
to come from one
place to another; especially from the south of a country to the
north or from a smaller place to a larger one
They came up to London a week ago.
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. While she was cleaning, she came ... a pair of gold earrings. 2. We
are having such a wonderful time here in Barbados that wed like to
come ... next summer. 3. Why dont you come ... for a cup of coffee?
4. When we found him he was unconscious but he came ... in half
an hour and explained that he had been attacked and robbed. 5. He
comes ... London. 6. Come ..., or well be late. 7. Come ...! The taxis
waiting. 8. She came ... with pneumonia. 9. During the interview she
came ... as efficient and decisive. 10. Has he come ... the book yet?
11. Jeremy came ... looking worried. 12. The wheel of the car came
... in the middle of the road. 13. The full story came ... at the trial.
14. When is her new novel coming ...? 15. A man came ... to us.
16. Why dont you come ... to our place? 17. Why dont you come ...
to Scotland for a few days? 18. The rain stopped and the sun came ... .
19. She came ... a fortune when her aunt died. 20. She is the most dif-
ficult woman I have ever come ... . 21. Come ..., Andy, give us a smile.
22. Come ... later and well show you our wedding photos. 23. They
came ... the bookstore. 24. All the wallpapers coming ... . 25. He
wasnt coming ... as the idiot I had expected him to be. 26. He came
... from the war. 27. Where do you come ...? 28. She came ... some
money on her mothers death. 29. The police came ... Humbolt.
30. We came ... of the tunnel. 31. He asked me to send him any new
stamps which might come ... . 32. All the facts came ... after Seerys
death. 33. Tess burst into tears, and the story came ... . 34. He want-
ed me to come ... for lunch. 35. Ive got some friends coming ... .
36. Theres something I want you to see. Come ..., children, come ... !
37. The discovery of adrenalin came through a mistake.
2. Translate into English.
1. , .
2. ,
. 3. ? . 4. -
, , . 5.
, ? 6. -
, . 7. ,
. 8. .
9. . 10. -
. 11. . 12. (-
) . 13.
. 14. . 15. - -
. 16. , . 17.
! . 18. , ! 19.
cut down (a tree) () to fell it
If you cut down all the trees youll ruin the land.
cut down (on) (-.), to
reduce the size, amount or number of sth
We must cut down expenses or well be getting into debt.
The doctor told him to cut down on his drinking.
cut in ( ), to inter-
rupt sb when they are speaking
Stop cutting in with your remarks.
cut off
1. , , to remove sth from sth larger
by cutting
They held a gun to his head and threatened to cut off his ears.
2. (); to isolate (usu. passive)
The town was cut off by the floods.
3. , , ( -
) to disconnect
We were cut off in the middle of our conversation.
4. (, . .) to stop the supply of sth to sb
Our water supply has been cut off.
cut out
1. , to remove by cutting
He cut a picture out of a magazine.
2. , to omit, to leave out
The editor cut out the last paragraph.
3. , (-.) to stop doing, using
or eating sth
Ive been advised to cut sugar out of my diet.
4. ; to stop working
The engines cut out again.
be cut out for/be cut out to be sth , ;
-. to be fitted or suited for
Hes not cut out for teaching.
Hes not cut out to be a teacher.
cut up
1. , to divide sth into small pieces
with a knife, etc.
He cut up the meat on his plate.
2. , (usu. passive) to upset sb
She was pretty cut up about them leaving.
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. Hes not cut ... to be a doctor. 2. We need to cut the article ... to
1000 words. 3. The doctor told him to cut his drinking. 4. They
were cut ... for not paying their phone bill. 5. How much is it going
to cost us to cut all these trees ...? 6. He cut ... all references to the
Byron being ugly. 7. The army was cut ... from its base. 8. Shes really
cut ... about getting a D in Maths. 9. You have to employ a profes-
sional, cut ... the Englishman quietly. 10. She had cut smoking.
11. Dont complain when they cut you ... by mistake. 12. Gas sup-
plies had now been cut ... . 13. When I am making a dress I mark the
cloth with chalk and then cut it ... . 14. If you want to get thin you
must cut ... sugar. 15. I wont have a cigarette, thanks Im trying to
cut ... . 16. Her publishers insisted on cutting several stories her
memoirs. 17. Shes not cut ... for teaching. 18. Mrs Travers began a
reply, but Mrs Patel cut ... again. 19. I wouldnt drink that whisky if
I were you, he said. Cut ... . 20. The new factory cuts ... our view
of the hills. 21. She feels very cut ... living in the country. 22. He is
cut ... to be a diplomat. 23. I would cut ... the bit about working as a
waitress. 24. It was too big to go into the bin so I cut it ... . 25. The
doctor said I must cut tobacco right ... .
2. Translate the sentences.
1. . 2.
, . 3.
( ). 4. -
(). 5.
. 6.
. 7.
. 8. () . 9.
. 10. ,
. 11. . 12.
. 13. (, -
). 14. . 15.
, .
16. , - -
. 17. ,
. 18.
dig in/into ( ); to start to eat food
with enthusiasm (slang)
When the bell rang, the kids dug into their lunches.
John dug in and finished his homework very quickly.
dish out . ; ; ( ) to serve
food onto plates for a meal
Can you dish out the potatoes please?
dish up ( . .) to serve food onto plates
for a meal; dish out, serve
Collect these plates while I go and dish up the main course.
do away with , , -. to
We are going to do away with the old tax system.
The headmaster thinks school uniform should be done away
do up
1. , ; to make
tidy; to repair; to decorate
He makes money by buying old houses and doing them up.
The theatre was horrible, done up as cheaply as possible.
2. , to fasten
Do up your coat.
Ive eaten so much that I cant do my trousers up!
do with ; (,
-.) to be satisfied with sth as there is noth-
ing better
Im hot and tired. I could do with a nice cool drink.
Can you do with a ten-rouble note?
do without -., -. to manage without
Many Victorian households did without a bathroom altoge-
If you dont have cigarettes, you must simply do without.
draw out , ()
I drew out some money from the bank.
drive away/off , to leave in a vehicle
The robbers drove off/away in a stolen vehicle.
drive on to continue driving
Dont stop drive on!
drop in , to visit someone without making
any formal arrangement to do so; call in
He dropped in for a few minutes to ask if he could borrow your
power drill.
drop in at sbs place but drop in on sb
I thought Id drop in on you while I was passing.
I dropped in at the library on my way to the office.
drop off to take passengers where they want to go and
leave them there
I can drop Daisy off on my way home.
drop out , (, ) to leave school,
college, etc. without finishing your studies
She started an engineering degree but dropped out after only
a year.
drop round , to visit sb without making any
formal arrangement to do so; drop in, drop by
Ill drop round when Ive finished the shopping.
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. She cant do ... a secretary. 2. I think we could do ... a good nights
sleep. 3. They are doing ... the front of the house. 4. We did il-
literacy many years ago. 5. If they cant get it to us in time, well just
have to do ... . 6. She said she would do ... any tea. 7. At the sight of
all the food, thoughts of diets were done . 8. I could do ... your
sarcastic comments. 9. The flat needs doing ... . 10. He couldnt do
... the buttons on his coat. 11. He wore a long coat that was done ...
at the neck. 12. She dug ... her bowl of pasta. 13. Help yourselves,
everybody! Dig ... ! 14. We could not wash the saucepans until the
food was dished ... . 15. We tried dishing ... earlier, but people com-
plained. 16. We heard him drive . 17. We stopped for a few minutes
and then drove . 18. Sorry were late we dropped ... ... the pub
on the way. 19. I thought Id just drop ... and see how you were. 20. I
dropped her during the afternoon. 21. He had dropped ... of the
college in the first term. 22. Can you drop me ... near the bank? 23. I
drew ... 200. 24. Can I draw $ 350 ... ... my account?
2. Translate into English.
1. . 2. -
. 3. . 4. ,
. 5. -
, , -
. 6. .
7. . 8. -
. 9.
. 10. ,
(), . 11.
. 12. . 13. -
. 14. () . 15.
? 16. . 17. -
. , . 18.
, ? . 19.
eat in , to have a meal at home rather
than in a restaurant
We wont be eating in tonight, Susan said.
eat out , to have a meal in a res-
taurant, etc. rather than at home
Do you feel like eating out tonight?
end up to find your-
self in a place or situation that you did not intend or expect
to be in
If you go on like that youll end up in prision.
enter for , to become a
competitor/candidate (for a contest, examination, etc.)
Twelve thousand competitors have entered for the next London
face up to sth ( -.) to accept and deal with
sth which is difficult and unpleasant
She had to face up to the fact that she would never walk again.
fall back on ( -., -.);
-. to go to sb for support; to have sth to use when you are in
I have a little money in the bank to fall back on.
When his wife died, at the age of 32, he fell back on his friends
and family for support.
fall behind
1. , to lag, to get (be) behind
Dont fall behind the leaders or youll never catch up.
2. (with) , to be late in doing
They fell behind with the rent and got a reminder from the
fall down to become unbalanced and drop to the ground
He fell down and hurt himself badly.
fall for , , to
take a liking to, to be attracted to
I fell for you the moment I saw you.
fall off , to decrease in quantity
or quality
Attendance at my lectures has fallen off considerably.
fall out (with) to quarrel
He fell out with his family and went away to work on a farm.
They fell out over the problem of teaching foreign languages.
fall over ; to fall to the ground
I just touched the vase and it fell over.
fall through , to fail, to come to
All their plans fell through because of lack of money.
be fed up (with) , to be com-
pletely bored (slang)
Im fed up with this wet weather.
Im fed up with waiting; Im going home.
fill in/up/out forms etc. (, . .) to
complete them
I had to fill in three forms to get my new passport.
fill up , , to make sth
completely full
Fill the tank up, please.
find out , to discover as a result of conscious
In the end I found out what was wrong with my hi-fi.
I havent found anything out about him yet.
flare up , to become angry
The argument between the two groups flared up at the meet-
fit in ( . .); ( . .)
to find time to see sb or to do sth
Ill try and fit you in after lunch.
I had to fit ten appointments into one morning.
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. At the beginning the whole party kept together but by the end of
the day those who were less fit had fallen ... . 2. They fell ... each other
instantly. 3. I rushed for the door and fell ... the cat in the hallway.
4. He tripped and fell ... . 5. Unfortunately, we have fallen the
payments. 6. Ive fallen certain members of the band. 7. We ar-
ranged to book a villa and it fell ... . 8. Im afraid that he might fall ...
again and hurt himself. 9. Fancy falling ... over something as trivial as
that! 10. He began to limp and fell so far ... that I decided to let him
rest. 11. I bought it yesterday falling ... it because it was extremely
simple. 12. After a few moments the project fell ... owing to lack of
support. 13. She fell her usual excuse of having no time. 14. Eco-
nomic growth will fall ... only slightly. 15. Peter knew that even if
his business venture in Tokyo was not successful he could always fall
his English teaching skills. 16. Do you eat ... a lot in London?
17. Willie liked to eat ... in restaurants and stay up late in bars. 18. He
fully intends to enter ... the race. 19. I think theyre getting pretty fed
with him by now. 20. We filled ... all the customs forms. 21. I filled
... the tank with oil. 22. Can you find ... what time the meeting starts?
23. We found ... later that he had been at the same school. 24. The
conflict flared ... into civil war. 25. Panic flared ... in her. 26. Im on
holiday next week, but I can fit you ... on the 9th. 27. Sylvia ended ...
with no money, no husband and no house and a two-year-old child.
28. His situation was desperate, but he faced it.
2. Translate into English.
1. , . 2. -
. 3. , .
4. . 5. ,
, . 6. -
7. , ,
. 8.
- . 9. -
. 10. . 11. ,
. 12. . 13. , -
. 14. .
15. - . 16.
() . 17. -
( ). 18. ,
( ).
get across , , ; ,
( ) to succeed in communicating sth; get
He is not very good at getting his ideas across.
A good speaker can get his idea across to his audience without
much effort.
get along (with) , to have a friendly
relationship with sb; get on
He worked hard and was easy to get along with.
They just cant get along together.
The two men get along well.
get at to mean, to imply
I dont know what you are getting at.
get away
1. , , to succeed in leaving the
place; escape
The prisoner got away.
2. , , ; go away
I want to get away from the city.
get away with (-.) ;
-. to escape punishment
Dont be tempted to cheat youll never get away with it.
He always gets away with it.
get back
1. to return
When will he get back?
2. to have sth back
How can I get my books back?
get by , ; to manage to survive and have
a fairly satisfactory life
How does she get by on such a small salary?
get down
1. to descend
Get down (off) the ladder.
2. to take down
Will you get down the books (from the shelf) for me?
3. , , to depress sb
These things are getting me down.
The loneliness really started to get my mother down after a few
get down to , / . . to settle
down to ones study, work, business, etc.
Now, if you have nothing against well get down to business.
get in (into)
1. , to go inside
Never get in(to) a strangers car.
2. , to arrive
The train got in late.
What time do you get into Heathrow?
get off , ; to leave a bus, train or plane
When the train stopped he got off.
get on ( , . .) to mount, to
She got on the bus every morning.
Some new passengers were getting on.
get on (with)
1. , to make progress, to be
How are you getting on?
Parents are always anxious for their children to get on.
I must get on with my work.
2. , to be on good terms;
get along
Ive always got on very well with my colleagues.
She and her sister have never really got on.
get out
1. , , to leave a place
When the plane landed he was the first to get out.
2. , ( ) to escape
Several men got out yesterday.
3. , to take sb/sth out
I cant get the key out.
My children like to swim so much that I cant get them out of
the water.
get out of sth/doing sth ( -.); -
, to avoid doing sth
She always got out of washing up.
Well do anything to get out of work.
get over
1. (, ) to find a way of
dealing with a problem or difficulty
She managed to get over the first difficulties.
2. , ; to recover from
(illness, distress or mental weakness)
Im glad to hear you have got over your cold.
Have you got over the shock?
3. ( ) succeed in making other people
understand you (your idea, argument, or suggestion); get
This is the only way I know of getting my message over to you
How do I get it over to you?
get round to persuade sb in ones own interests
She knows how to get round her parents.
get to (a place) , -.;
-. to arrive
When do we get to New York?
get through
1. ; , -. to finish a piece of
work, finish successfully
I hope well get through that pile of work on Saturday.
As soon as I get through with this washing, Ill help you.
He got through his exam all right (passed it).
2. to succeed in contacting sb on the
Ive been trying for a whole hour to get through to you.
3. ( -., -. ); ( -
-. )
It has got through to him quickly.
I couldnt get through to her.
get up
) , to rise (esp. from bed)
) , to make sb get out of bed
The old man fell down on the ice and couldnt get up.
What time do you get up?
Could you get me up at 6.30 tomorrow?
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. I rang up the hospital. It took me over two hours to get ... . 2. Our
son is getting ... well at college. 3. If I can get ... all my homework, Ill
go to the cinema later. 4. The thief got ... climbing over the garden
wall. 5. I really get ... with my brother. 6. Ann got ... the train just as
it was about to leave and got ... at Portland. 7. He got the crime
because there were no witnesses. 8. After I put down the phone I got
my work. 9. They earn just enough money to get ... . 10. Hes got
some problems, but Im sure he can get ... them. 11. Id love to get ...
to an exotic country for a while. 12. It took Sharon two months to get
... her illness. 13. The thieves got ..., even though the police had sur-
rounded the building. 14. The speaker needs to know that his words
are getting ... . 15. The two children are getting ... very well. 16. Ive
got to get ... to London. 17. All he wants to do is get his girlfriend ... .
18. George has climbed up that tree, and now he cant get ... . 19. I
walked to the van, got ... and drove away. 20. What time does the
coach get ..., do you know? 21. Get ... at Mayfield Church. 22. Lets
get ... the first bus that comes along. 23. Sylvia asked politely how
Paul was getting ... at school. 24. She got ... and slammed the door.
25. I had to go to school, and if I could have got it, I would.
26. I had to get ... from my stool. 27. We managed to get our mes-
sage ... . 28. Ill have to get work soon Ive got lots to do.
29. Im not going to allow Ann to get an offensive remark like
that. 30. I cant get ... to Joe. Ill phone again later. 31. We get
our neighbours very well. 32. This continual wet weather is getting
me ... . 33. All this worry has got him ... . 34. My brother doesnt get
... till 6. 35. The class got ... when the teacher came in. 36. Were get-
ting ... at the next stop. 37. Lets get business. 38. She cant get ...
her shyness. 39. I think the problem can be got ... without too much
difficulty. 40. He always gets ... early. 41. It was midnight before we
got ... the village. 42. I know what you are getting ..., and youre right.
43. The audience had no idea what we were getting ... . 44. I find it
impossible to get... to her.
2. Read the text below and add a word which best f its each
After a long hard winter I was looking forward to getting ... . Spring in
Seville seemed just the thing to help me get ... my winter depression.
In my job (I work for an advertising company), I dont get ... very
much and things had been getting me ... lately so I was very keen to ...
up and go, leaving everything behind. I knew everything would still be
there waiting for me when I got ... but for ten days I would be able to
get ... from it all. The problem was I hadnt been getting ... well with
my boss in the last few months we didnt see eye to eye about policy
and I just couldnt get ... to her how I saw the future of the company.
Moneywise the jobs fine I make more than enough to get ... and
I suppose prospects are good I want to get ... in my career and the
job gives me lots of opportunities for promotion. But some day soon
I will have to get ... the difficulties Im having with my boss.
3. Translate into English.
1. . 2. -
, . 3. -
(, ) . 4.
. 5.
. 6. . 7.
? 8. . 9. -
. 10. (). 11. ?
12. , . 13.
. 14. . 15.
. 16. . 17. -
. 18. ,
. 19. ( ). 20. -
( ). 21. . 22.
. 23.
. 24. ? 25. ()!
26. . 27.
, . 28.
. 29. . -
, . 30.
? 31.
. 32. ? ( ?
?) 33. , (
) .
give away
1. , ; (, );
to give it to someone (as a gift)
Ill give this old coat away.
2. . , ; , to
betray (a person); to reveal (a secret or information)
He said that he was not an American but his accent gave him
give back to return sth to its owner
I must call at the library to give back this book.
give off , (, . .) to emit (heat,
a smell, etc.)
The liquid gave off a strong smell.
give in
1. , , (, . .) to
hand in
Dont forget to give in your exercise books.
2. (to) , to yield to a persons desires or
It doesnt matter what you say, he will never give in.
The authorities have shown no signs of giving in to the
kidnappers demands.
give out
1. , to distribute
The teacher gave out the exam papers.
2. , to announce, to make known
They gave out the names of the winners on the radio.
3. , ( , , . .) to
become exhausted, to come to an end
The water supply at last gave out.
His patience gave out and he slapped the child hard.
give up
1) ( , , -
. .) to stop doing sth
He had to give up studying because of his poor health.
She didnt give up work when she had the baby.
2) , () to stop a habit
Do you still smoke? You really should give up, you know.
I gave up drinking coffee because it kept me awake at night.
2. , to surrender
The war will be over when one of the countries gives up.
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. Can I borrow that book? Ill give it ... to you tomorrow. 2. After
the operation David had to give ... smoking. 3. He gave ... most of his
money to charity. 4. This chemical gives ... a strange smell. 5. They
gave ... to the strikers demands. 6. I tried to learn Greek but soon
I got tired and gave it ... .7. Their food supplies gave ... sooner than
they had planned, so they had to return home. 8. Youd better not
give ... this secret to anyone, or I will be angry with you. 9. The rebels
were forced to give ... . 10. Please give your work ... before Monday.
11. They also gave ... information about courses for teachers of Eng-
lish. 12. On the same day it was given ... that fresh documents had
been discovered. 13. She never completely gave... hope. 14. The hi-
jackers finally gave themselves ... to the police. 15. Her little boy had
cried so when they had given the dog ... . 16. I gave ... his ring and his
jacket. 17. We mustnt give ... to threats. 18. She gave ... her work to
look after the children. 19. The conductor is the person on a bus who
gives ... tickets. 20. I give ... tell me the answer. 21. Even Ruskin
gave ... the attempt in despair. 22. Someone gave ... the secret plans
and now the boss is angry. 23. The factory gives ... a lot of smoke,
causing pollution. 24. Although they were losing the match, the team
refused to give ... . 25. The shop is giving ... free gifts to anyone who
spends more than 30. 26. The papers were given ... and we had an
hour to do the test. 27. In the end he gave ... trying to explain it all
to me. 28. No chocolate for me, thanks. Ive given it ... . 29. They
were standing in the street giving leaflets ... to passers-by. 30. When
are you going to give him ... his camera? 31. They gave ... the names
of the winners on the radio. 32. When we were only a few miles from
our destination the petrol gave ... . 33. I tried running, but I gave ...
after about ten minutes. 34. I said, Please Maam. I should like to
give ... my notice. 35. The flowers give... a fragrant perfume. 36. Her
patience finally gave ... . 37. The motor gave ... suddenly.
2. Translate into English.
1. . 2. -
, () . 3.
, . 4. ,
. 5. -
. 6. ? 7. -
( ). 8. . 9. ,

. 10. , -
. 11. . 12. -
. 13. . 14.
. 15. (
). 16. . 17.
. 18. . 19. ,
, . 20. !
21. , . 22. .
go ahead ; to proceed, continue,
lead the way
Go ahead! ()
go about/go (a)round , to wander, to walk about
The tourists went about London.
Id like to go (a)round Africa myself.
go away , to leave
I want to be alone now. Just go away.
go back to return
We had better go back to the house. Its beginning to rain.
go by -.; -. to be
guided by
I try to go by reason as far as possible.
go down
1. ( , ) to go
to the country from the capital or town (to a place regarded as
less important)
I believe hes going down to Exeter for the weekend.
2. , ( ), ( ) to become
less, to be reduced (of wind, weight, price, etc.)
During her illness her weight went down from 50 kilos to 40.
The wind went down and the sea became quite calm.
go in for -., to be especially inter-
ested in; to practise, to enter (for a competition)
She plays a lot of golf and goes in for all the competitions.
This restaurant goes in for vegetarian dishes. (specializes in
go off
1. , ; , to leave
My brother has gone off to college.
She went off with my friend.
2. ( , . .) to ring (alarm)
Every morning Donalds alarm went off in time for him to go
to early Mass.
3. , to explode, to fire
As he was cleaning the gun it went off and killed him.
4. . ( -.), (-.) to stop
liking sb/sth or lose interest in them
I used to eat a lot of fish but Ive gone off it a bit recently.
go on
1. ; to continue any action, to
continue a journey
He went on fighting even after I told him to stop.
Go on with your work.
Dont wait for me. Im not quite ready. Go on and Ill catch
you up.
2. , to happen, to take place
Something strange was going on and I wanted to know what it
3. (at) ( -.), -.; -
to criticize, say repeatedly
My last English teacher was very hard to please. Every day he
went on at me about something or other.
I went on at my father to have safety belts fitted.
4. , ( ) to begin operating
The light goes on automatically.
go out
1. ( ) to leave a room, building, or other
Why dont we go out into the garden?
2. , , to join
in social life, leave ones house for entertainments, etc.
She is very pretty and goes out a lot.
3. to stop burning (of a fire, a light, etc.); go off
The lights went out (off).
go over
1. , , (-.) to visit sb for a short time;
go round
Im just going over to his office for a minute.
2. (-.), to examine or
check sth carefully
Go over your work before you hand it in.
go (a)round () -. to visit sb for a short
time; go over
Ill go round and see Nell later.
go through
1. (-.); to examine or
check sth carefully; go over
He went through Guys books to find something about Po-
2. , to suffer, to endure
During the war we went through a great deal of hardships.
3. , to perform, to accomplish
He went through a lot of work last time.
It took him no time to go through the customs.
go up
1. (to) , to approach
He went up to her and asked her something.
2. , to go to
the capital, to town from the country
He used to go up to town every Sunday.
3. , ( ) to rise, increase
The price of sugar will go up 5 % at the end of this month.
go with , to match, to suit
Your handbag should go with your gloves and shoes.
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. The alarm goes ... every morning at 7 oclock. 2. The price of first-
class stamps has gone ... again. 3. The fire has gone ... . Would you like
me to light it again? 4. Whats going ... there? Theres a huge crowd.
5. Go ... the contract very carefully before you sign it. 6. Although she
had a headache, she went ... playing with her son. 7. Lots of people
go the cooking competition every year. 8. A bomb went ... in the
city centre last weekend. Fortunately, no one was seriously injured.
9. She went ... difficult time last winter when she lost her job. 10. The
teacher went ... my homework to check for mistakes. 11. Jane seems
to be going ... Paul. 12. You go ... and Ill follow. 13. She doesnt want
to go ... to her husband. 14. The price of oil is going ... . 15. Oil is
going ... in price. 16. Thats a good rule to go ... . 17. When are you
going ... to Scotland? 18. She went ... to get a drink. 19. She became
more and more talkative as the evening went ... . 20. Can we go ...
to Anns today? 21. She always goes her children for one thing
or another. 22. I always start the day by going ... my mail. 23. Theyve
gone ... to Brighton for a couple of days. 24. He goes ... drinking
most evenings. 25. Things cant go ... as they are. Something has
to change. 26. Manfred rang up and asked me to go ... to see him.
27. I could go ... the house as freely as I liked. 28. He went ... without
saying a word. 29. She is always indoors; she doesnt go ... much.
30. He went ... the plans again and discovered two very serious
mistakes. 31. There is a mistake somewhere: well have to go ...
the accounts and see where it is. 32. Do you go ... ... sailing? 33. S-sh!
Theres a meeting going ... next door. 34. The gun went ... by accident.
35. She goes him continually. 36. Does this jacket go ... this skirt?
37. Many Irish people went ... to America during the holiday. 38. She
doesnt go team games. 39. Thats a good rule to go ... . 40. Of
course we want to go ... some day its our country, our real home.
41. Ill go ... and tell them youre on the way. 42. I went ... to the post
office. 43. Im going ... to my sisters. 44. She went ... to think about it.
45. I went ... to the kitchen and poured my coffee. 46. It started to
rain but I had not the strength to go ... for an umbrella. 47. I thought
of going teaching. 48. She went ... to look at the flowers.
49. When I asked what was going ..., she refused to say anything.
50. She got up and went ... to her suitcase, opened it, and took out an
envelope. 51. Cigarettes are going ... in price. 52. Tom has been going
... with Kate for six weeks. 53. The lights went . 54. How long has
Jim gone stamp-collecting? 55. Lets go ... the arguments again.
56. Certain formalities have to be gone ... before you can emigrate.
57. Hes amazingly cheerful considering all hes had to go ... . 58. Go
... and think about it, then let me know. 59. Im going ... on business.
60. She hesitated for a moment and then went ... . 61. I think shes
going ... him a bit. 62. Have you a match? My cigarette has gone ... .
63. Lets go ... this scene again until youre sure you know it. 64. Shes
been going me for a year to buy her a new coat. 65. Lets go ...
the structures we studied last week. 66. Were going ... for a meal. Do
you want to come? 67. The light only goes ... at night.
2. Translate into English.
1. ? .
2. . 3. . 4. . 5.
() . 6. . 7.
, , .
8. . 9. , .
10. . 11. . 12.
. 13. -
. 14. . 15.
, . 16.
. 17. . 18. -
. 19. . 20. ?
21. ? 22. . 23.
. ( .) 24.
(). 25. , . 26.
(, ) 1945 . 27. -
? 28. . 29. ().
30. . 31. -
. 32. , ,
. 33. ,
. 34.
. 35. (). 36.
. 37.
, . 38.
, .
grow out of
1. -., , , -
. . to outgrow
Hes already grown out of his school uniform.
2. -.
to abandon, on becoming older, a childish (and often bad)
He used to tell a lot of lies as a young boy but he grew out of
that later on.
grow up , to develop into an
Their children have all grown up and left home now.
hand in , to give by hand
I handed in my resignation to the employer.
Someone handed this parcel in yesterday.
hand over to give sth/sb officially or formally to
another person
He handed over a cheque for $ 1000.
He handed the weapons over to the police.
hand round ( ) to give or show
to each person present
The hostess handed round coffee and cakes.
hang about , , to wait or stay near
a place, not doing very much
The kids hung about in the streets.
hang on ( ) to wait for a short time;
hold on
Hang on (for) a moment!
hang up ; -
to end a phone call and put back the receiver
Hang up your receiver.
have sth on ( -.), ( . .)
to be wearing sth
She had a red jacket on.
He had nothing (= no clothes) on.
head for , (-.) to move
I headed for the door.
hold on ( ) to wait (especially on the
telephone); hang on
Excuse me, sir, hold on Mr Smith will speak to you.
Yes, Mr Pitt is in. If you hold on for a moment Ill get him for
hold up
1. , ( ,
. .) to stop, to delay (traffic, industry, work, research, etc.)
The policeman held up the traffic to allow pedestrians to cross
the road.
The bus was held up because a tree had fallen across the road.
2. ; to rob
Two masked men held up the bank.
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. You must all hand ... your projects by the end of next week. 2. If
you dont do what I ask, Ill take the money and hand it ... to him.
3. Hang ... a minute. 4. We had decided to head ... Miami. 5. Do
you mind holding ... while I find out? 6. The whole thing was held ...
about half an hour. 7. Hang ... Ill just see if he is here. 8. She grew
... in Boston. 9. After I hung ... I remembered what Id wanted to say.
10. Ive rather grown ... ... my taste for ice cream. 11. It cost a small
fortune and she grew it in three months. 12. He took the tray in
and handed the glasses ... . 13. He held me ... at the point of a gun.
14. They grew ... in the early days of television. 15. She had an old
bathrobe . 16. He hung all day (doing nothing).
2. Translate into English.
1. , ? 2.
(after the deadline). 3. -
. 4. , ().
5. ! 6. - .
7. . 8.
. 9. ,
. 10. .
11. . 12.
. 13. () ,
keep away (from) ; -
to avoid going near sb/sth; stay away
Keep away from the fire, the mother said to her little son.
keep back
1. , , to stay back
Keep back! ! ! !
2. , ; , to conceal
She was unable to keep back her tears.
Ill keep back nothing from you.
keep from sth/from doing sth ,
-. to resist
She could hardly keep from laughing.
keep sb from sth/from doing sth , -
-. -. to prevent from
I hope Im not keeping you from your work.
The church bells keep me from sleeping.
keep off
1. , to stay away
He told them to keep off the freshly painted benches.
Keep off the grass! (park notice)
2. , to avoid
Im trying to keep off fatty foods.
Its best to keep off politics when my father is around.
keep on -. to continue, to
go on doing sth
They kept on looking for the little girl until it got too dark.
School keeps on till four oclock.
keep to -., (
. .) to stick to
Keep to the point.
Keep to the letter of the law.
keep up
1. , to keep
sth in good condition
The car will last long if you keep it up.
2. , to maintain sth at the
same level
Something must be done to keep up the prices.
We must keep up our position.
keep up (with) , ,
-. to proceed at an equal pace
Slow down, I cant keep up!
I never quite manage to keep up with the rest.
knock down
1. ( ); to hit and make them fall to the
ground; knock over
She was knocked down by a bus.
He knocked his opponent down three times in the first round.
2. , () to destroy a building by
breaking its walls; demolish, pull down
These old buildings are going to be knocked down.
knock off
1. , to hit sth so that it falls to the ground
A stone was placed on a brick and had to be knocked off by
another stone when it was aimed at.
2. . , , ( . .) to
stop doing sth, especially work
We knock off (work) at 5.
knock out () to hit sb so hard that he falls
In the finals of the boxing championship he knocked out his
opponent, who was carried out of the ring.
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. I just managed to keep myself ... falling. 2. Nothing is more irri-
tating than people who do not keep ... the point. 3. I cant keep ... ...
all the changes. 4. Wages are not keeping ... ... inflation. 5. Keep ... ...
the edge of the cliff. 6. The rain kept ... all night. 7. He kept . staring
at me. 8. Try to keep ... a routine. 9. We must keep ... the deadlines.
10. Its important to keep ... the standard. 11. She can drink milk, but
she has to keep ... butter. 12. He kept ... the question of whose fault it
was. 13. I tried to keep ... the conversation. 14. He was unable to keep
... the payments. 15. They kept ... ... the forest. 16. Keep your kids
... ... those bulls. 17. He kept ... from the committee the fact that he
was leaving them. 18. You should keep ... playing football too much,
otherwise you wont be able to keep ... ... the class. 19. The doctor
advised him to keep ... meat for half a year. 20. Youd better keep ...
this subject. 21. If you dont keep ... the street with your bicycle, Ill
take it away. 22. Keep ... until you get to the church. 23. Well done!
Keep ... the good work! 24. The blow on the head knocked me ... .
25. Do you want to knock ... early today? 26. Lets knock ... for lunch.
27. I bumped and nearly knocked ... a person at the bus stop. 28. Id
knock the wall ... between the front room and dining room. 29. The
old man hit him so hard that he knocked him ... .
2. Translate into English.
1. . 2. -
( ). 3. -
. 4. . 5. .
6. . 7.
. 8. . 9. -
. 10. ,
, . 11. ,
, . 12. -
. .
13. . 14. ! -
! 15. -
. 16. () . 17.
( ) . 18.
? 19. . 20.
. 21. . 22. -
. 23. .
lay off . to make sb redundant
City workers are being laid off at the rate of 100 a week.
leave out , (-.) to omit
Well sing our school song leaving out the last ten verses.
let down
1. , to lower sth
We let the bucket down by a rope.
Delia let down her beautiful fair hair.
2. , to fail to help or support sb as
they had hoped or expected
This machine wont let you down.
Sorry to let you down, but I cant give you a lift today.
let in to allow to enter
If you mention my name to the door-keeper he will let you in.
let off . ; , to
refrain from punishment
I thought that the policeman was going to fire me but he let
me off.
let out , to allow to leave, to release
He opened the door and let out the dog.
live off
1. -. ; -., -. to
receive the money you need to live from sb/sth because you do
not have any yourself
Shes still living off her parents.
They continued to live off the rents of their farms, as they
always had done.
2. (-.) to have a particular type of food as the main
thing you eat in order to live; live on
He seems to live off junk food.
live on (upon)
1. (-.) to eat a particular type of food to live;
live off
Small birds live mainly on insects.
2. ( -. ) to have enough money for the
basic things you need to live
You cant live on forty pounds a week.
live up to (, . .);
; (, ) to do as well as
or be as good as other people expect you to
He failed to live up to his parents expectations.
The team called The No-Hopers certainly lived up to its
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. Please let me ..., Nick kept asking his mother. 2. Charlies never
let me ... yet. 3. Go and let them . 4. Let the blinds ... , please.
5. I promised him that you would do the work. Why did you let me
... by doing so little? 6. The ticket-collector let him ... with a fine.
7. If you are late Ill let you ... . 8. Let ... the child. Its nice out-of-
doors. 9. Let the water ... of the bath-tub. 10. Dont worry I wont
let you ... this time, I promise. 11. She was let ... with a warning.
12. She left ... an m in accommodation. 13. The film didnt live
my expectations. 14. She succeeded, to my mind, in living her
extraordinary reputation. 15. Robert had not worked for two months
when I met him, and had been living ... savings accumulated in the
previous season. 16. Hed been living ... pork pies since Monday.
17. How do you expect me to live ... 150 a year? 18.1 dont have
enough to live ... . 19. She lived ... berries and wild herbs. 20. The play
quite lived my expectations. 21. I always leave ... the difficult
2. Translate into English.
1. () . 2. ,
. 3. , ().
, . 4.
, . 5. , -
. 6. , ,
! 7. .
8. () . 9. -
. 10. . 11.
. 12. ( ). 13.
. 14. -
look after , , to take
care of
Whos going to look after the children while youre away?
Look after my garden.
look ahead (on sth) ; -
, to think about what is going to happen in
the future and perhaps make plans
Were trying to look ahead.
look away , (-) to
turn ones eyes away from sth so that you can no longer see it
Their eyes met and Ida blushed and looked away.
look back
1. to turn to see what is behind you
Jack turned and looked back at Ralph.
2. (on, upon sth) (), -
to think about sth in your past
The past always seems better when you look back on it.
look down on (sb/sth) ; -
, to think that you are better than sb / sth
She looks down on people who havent been to college.
look for to search
I looked for my keys all morning but I couldnt find them.
look forward to (-.); (-.) -
to expect with pleasure
I am looking forward to her arrival/to seeing her.
look in (on sb, at a place) , to pay a short visit
The doctor will look in again this evening.
Wont you look in on me next time youre in town?
Ill look in at your place tomorrow, but I cant stay long.
look into (), to investigate,
to examine carefully
A working party has been set up to look into the problem.
look on (upon) to watch an event as a
Passers-by simply looked on as he was attacked.
look on sb/sth as sb/sth -./-. -./ -.
to consider sb/sth to be sb/sth
Shes looked on as the leading authority on the subject.
look out to be on ones guard
Look out! Theres a train coming!
look out on (upon, onto sth) ,
(-.), -. ( , . .) to have
a view of somewhere
The room looks out on a park.
look over , -. to examine sth to see
how good, big, etc. it is
We looked over the house again before we decided to buy it.
I want to look over this manuscript again.
look (a)round
1. to turn your head to see sb/sth behind
She looked round when she heard the noise.
2. to walk round a place in order to see what it is
Shall we look round the Cathedral this afternoon?
look through , () to examine or
read sth quickly
She looked through her notes before the exam.
look up
1. to raise your eyes to see what is above
I suddenly looked up and saw Mr Rutland watching me.
2. -. ( , ),
to look for information in a dictionary or reference book
Can you look up the time of the next train?
I looked it up in the dictionary.
look up to sb , -. to
admire or respect sb
I really look up to my teacher.
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. I cant wait for the camping trip, Im really looking it. 2. Ex-
cuse me. Im looking ... Mount Street. Could you tell me where it is?
3. The police are looking ... last nights robbery. 4. How can we find
Lizs address? Lets look it ... in the phone book. 5. Whos going
to look ... the dog while youre away? 6. Look ... this letter to see if
there are any mistakes. 7. The students look ... ... you and admire
you. 8. Youll need to look ... four or five years. 9. It looked ... at Mrs
Bixby with bright yellow eyes, then looked ... again and carried on
eating. 10. I looked ... and saw my car moving slowly down the hill.
11. It all seems very pathetic when I look ..., but it was painful enough
at the time. 12. They are arrogant and aggressive people. They look
us. 13. I think Ill look my parents on the way home from
work. 14. Ill look the newsagents and pick up a paper. 15. Ill
look ... again tomorrow afternoon. 16. His parents looked ... with a
triumphant smile as he collected his prize. 17. They look ... him as
their leader. 18. Look ..., I said. Theres someone coming. 19. The
windows look the garden. 20. Will you please look... my paper
before I submit it? 21. He stopped suddenly and looked ... . 22. We
began to look ... the schoolroom with nostalgia. 23. He looked ...
the newspaper to see if there was any account of the football match.
24. He can look ... himself, you neednt worry. 25. Tracy has lost her
keys. Shes been looking ... them all morning. 26. Dont you have a
dentists appointment on Monday? Yes, and Im not looking
it at all. 27. The police are looking ... the case of the missing dia-
monds. 28. The students really looked Mr Jones. 29. If you are
not sure how to spell a word, look it ... in a dictionary. 30. Looking
my childhood, I can remember many interesting things. 31. He
looks ... me as an amateur. 32. Im not playing, Im merely loo-
king ... . 33. Ive warned you, so look ...! 34. The doctor promised to
look ... . 35. I will look him after breakfast. 36. Ill look the
club on my way to the office. 37. I want to look ... the accounts again.
38. Why do the English look everything foreign? 39. Well give
you our decision when weve had time to look ... the matter. 40. She
looks her father. 41. Youll get into trouble if you dont look ... .
42. There is a mystery about his death and the police are looking ...
it. 43. Ill look ... this evening to see how she is. 44. Perhaps one day
it will be pleasant to look ... on these things. 45. They look ... this as
an absolute necessity. 46. I dont know when the course starts but Ill
look it ... for you. 47. My sister is very ill and is being looked ... by
our parents. 48. Im looking .. a job at the moment, but its hard to
find one that is suitable. 49. We look ... this town as our real home.
50. Lets look ... the town this afternoon.
2. Translate into English.
1. He , . 2.
, ,
, . 3. -
, . 4. .
5. . 6. ! -
. 7. ,
. 8. ,
. 9. , ,
. , . 10.
? 11. . 12.
, .
13. . 14.
. 15. . 16.
. 17. .
18. . 19.
. 20. . 21.
make for , (-.) to move or proceed
As soon as she heard the babys cry she made for the pram.
make off , to hurry away, especially in order to
The vehicle made off at once.
make out
1. (), (, ,
. .) to write out or complete a form or document
He made out a cheque for 100.
The doctor made out a prescription for me.
2. ; ; to manage to see sb/sth or
read or hear sth
I could just make out a figure in the darkness.
I could hear voices but I couldnt make out what they were
3. , to understand
I cant make out what shes trying to say.
Can you make out the meaning of this sentence?
4. ; to pretend
Mary has always made out that her parents were rich, but it
isnt true.
make up
1. , , (
, , . .) to put together, to compound
different ingredients (medicine, dinner, etc.)
The druggist made up the prescription for me.
She was at a loss as she didnt know how to make up that dish.
2. , to invent a story (excuse,
He was a good storyteller, and used to make up tales about
3. , to end a quarrel
Why dont you two kiss and make up?
Has he made it up with her yet?
Have they made it up yet?
4. , to put cosmetics on
You need to wash, change that dress, and make up.
She spent two hours making herself up.
make up to sb for sth , ,
to compensate for
We must make up to her for what weve done.
Well make up for it.
Im sorry Im late but Ill make it up to you.
make up to -. to seek favour with sb
Nowadays politicans are making up to rich businessmen.
make up ones mind , to come to a
In the end he made up his mind to go by train.
meet up (with sb) . ( -
) to meet sb by chance or by
They met up later for a drink.
We planned to meet up with them later in Florence.
mix up , to confuse
Someone has mixed up all the application forms.
move in ( ) to start to live in your new home
Our new neighbours moved in yesterday.
move off , ; to start moving, to leave;
set off
The train is moving off.
move on , to go on
After three weeks in Hong Kong we moved on to Japan.
move out ( ) to leave your old home
We shall move out next week.
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. He made ... his face to look like a clowns for the party. 2. His
handwriting is so bad, I cant make ... what he has written. 3. They
finally made ... after their argument. 4.1 cant make ... whether to buy
the dress or not. 5. He has a hard time making ... his mind. 6. I dont
believe your story at all. I think you are just making it ... . 7. Isnt it
time you and Ann made ... your quarrel? 8. Most women make ...
their faces. 9. Actors have to be made ... before they appear on the
stage. 10. She released the child suddenly and he made .... 11. I made
... the corner seat and sat down gratefully. 12. The best thing now
would be to make ... the top of Brill Hill. 13. Take this prescription
to the chemists. They will make it... for you there. 14. He made ...
some excuse about his daughter being sick. 15. Have you made ...
your minds where to go for your honeymoon? 16. If you miss a les-
son, we can make it later. 17. The cat took one look at her and
made ... . 18. After the concert the crowd made ... the nearest door.
19. He opened a drawer and made... to be looking for something in it.
20. I can hardly make... the number on the door. 21. Beauty can-
not make stupidity. 22. Some students make ... to their teach-
ers to get good marks. 23. Tom watched his sister make ... before
her date. 24. The boy was making ... the nearest railway station.
25. I cant make ... why he allows his children to do as they like.
26. Mr Smith gave the clerk in the store some money and the clerk
made ... a receipt. 27. Mary is always making ... stories for her chil-
dren. 28. After the quarrel the two young lovers kissed and made
it ... . 29. How can I make my rudeness? 30. He mixed ... the
addresses so that no one got the right letters. 31. I have found a new
flat. The present tenant is moving ... this weekend and I am moving ...
on Wednesday. 32. They moved ... as soon as the cloud lifted. 33. The
fleet of cars prepared to move ... . 34. It happened twenty years ago.
We met ... at a wedding.
2. Translate into English.
1. . 2. -
. 3. , .
4. , . 5. -
, . 6. -
. 7. .
8. . 9. .
10. . 11. .
. 12. -
, . 13. ,
. 14. -
, ,
. 15. , -
. 16. ,
. 17. ,
. 18.
. 19. ,
. 20. . 21.
. 22. ? 23. ,
. 24.
, . 25. . 26.
. 27. ! ( !) 28.
, . 29.
() . ( .)
pass away , to die
His mother passed away last year.
pass for -.; -. to be
accepted as sb/sth
He speaks the language so well he could easily pass for a
We had some wine or what passes for wine in that area.
pass off
1. , , ( , -
) to disappear, gradually to decrease in strength or
Take this tablet and the pain should pass off within an hour.
2. , ( , . .) to be
carried through well, smoothly
The concert passed off well.
3. ,
The police caught him for passing off false money.
pass sb/sth off as (/-.) to represent falsely
Hell pass me off as his sister.
pass on
1. to go on
Pass on, please!
He bowed and passed on.
2. to hand over to sb
He passed the book on to his wife.
3. to move on to another sub-
They passed on to the second item on the agenda.
pass out , to lose conscious-
The atmosphere in the hall became so stifling that two of the
women passed out.
pay back
1. to repay
I must pay back the money that I borrowed.
2. (for) , to revenge oneself
Ill pay you back for this (for the harm you have done me).
pay sth in / pay sth into sth to put money
into a bank account
I paid in a cheque this morning.
Id like to pay some money into my account.
pay off ; ( -.) to finish
paying money owed for sth; repay
He had used the firms money to pay off gambling debts.
He paid off his creditors.
pay out to pay a large sum of money for sth
I had to pay out 500 to get my car repaired.
pay up . , to pay money owed in full
(there is often a feeling that the payer is reluctant)
Unless you pay up I shall tell my solicitor to write to you.
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. He tried to pass her remark ... ... a joke. 2. My head thumped so-
lidly on a rock and I passed ... . 3. The demonstration passed ... peace-
fully. 4. They passed ... to other matters. 5. He escaped by passing
himself ... ... a guard. 6. Pass the book ... to me when youve finished
with it. 7. The man lowered his eyes and passed ... . 8. Fortunately the
effects of the gas passed ... relatively quickly. 9. I passed your message
... to my mother. 10. Do you think he will pass ... a cook wearing that
hat? 11. Her uncle passed ... last week. 12. She could pass ... a much
younger woman. 13. When the young man heard the news, he passed
... with the shock. 14. She passed the idea ... ... her own. 15. Ill just
sit here quietly till the giddiness passes ... . 16. He passed his secretary
his wife. 17. I had a hard time getting him to pay ... . 18. Ill pay
you ... next week. 19. Ill pay him ... for making me look like a fool
in front of everyone. 20. We paid ... our mortgage after fifteen years.
21. They pay ... half of their income in rent. 22. She had paid ... good
money to send Julie to school. 23. So she fell into debt and had to
pay it ... by selling the house. 24. Im going to pay every penny of it
... to him! 25. Come on, pay ...! 26. Things might not go too well if
he didnt pay ... . 27. I felt that I would like to wake her up to pay her
... for keeping me awake. 28. He paid 100 ... his savings account
2. Translate into English.
1. .
. 2. -
. 3. , . 4.
. 5. ,
. 6.
. 7. . 8.
. 9. . 10.
. 11.
. 12. ( )!
13. , . 14.
(in full)! 15. -
. 16. -
. 17. , . 18. , ,
. 19. (
). 20. . 21.
. 22. 300 -
pick off , , ( . .) to remove
sth from sth
Mr Black picked off the dead flower heads.
pick on , ; ; to treat
sb unfairly, by blaming, criticizing or punishing them
Youre always picking on me.
pick out to choose, to select
Here are six rings. Pick out the one you like best.
pick up
1. , to raise or lift a person or thing,
usually from the ground or from a table or chair
He picked up the child and carried him into the house.
He picked up the phone and dialled the number.
2. , ( -., -.) to call for, to take
someone in your car
My dad is going to pick me up from the party at midnight.
3. (-.), () to learn
without effort
Children usually pick up foreign languages quickly.
4. . / , ( , -
, ) to improve
Dads been quite ill, but hes picking up again now.
Trade has been picking up again since the winter.
When is the weather going to pick up?
5. , ( ) to save
A lifeboat picked up survivors.
6. . to arrest
He was picked up by the police and taken to the station for
7. ( ); to buy sth, especially
cheaply or by chance
We managed to pick up a few bargains at the auction.
point out ( -.), (-.
) to indicate, show
As we drove through the city the guide pointed out the most
important buildings.
pop in to go somewhere quickly, suddenly
or for a short time
Why dont you pop in (= visit us) for a drink next time youre
in the area?
If youre passing by, you should pop in for a chat some time.
pull down to demolish (used of buildings)
Why did they pull all those houses down?
pull in/up ; ( ) to stop
He was pulled in for speeding.
They saw a filling station and pulled in.
He pulled up at the traffic lights.
pull in/into ( ,
. .) to enter a station and stop
As the train pulled in there was a rush to get seats.
pull out
1. , ( ) to leave
a station
turned in his seat as the train pulled out.
2. , to move away from the side of the road
A car suddenly pulled out in front of me.
pull over to move to
the side of the road in order to stop or let sth pass
A green VW pulled over next to me.
pull off , , () to take off ones
clothes quickly
I managed to pull my boots off.
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. He picked ... my bags and took them to my room. 2. Pick ... all the
dead leaves. 3. She picked Spanish when she was living in Mexico.
4. She was picked ... by the other girls because of her size. 5. Ill pick
you ... at 9. 6. She was picked ... from dozens of applicants for the
job. 7. The weather seems to be picking ... . 8. Try this it will pick
you ... . 9. He picked ... the ripest peach for me. 10. The older men
pick ... the boys and are always looking for faults. 11. The economy is
picking ... . 12. Theyll look through the applications, theyll pick ...
the ones they like, and invite you in for interview. 13. He managed to
pick ... a few bargains at the auction. 14. If the baby starts crying, pick
him ... . 15. Ill pop ... and see you this evening. 16. The council said
it would close the flats and pull them ... . 17. Ill point him ... to you
next time he comes in. 18. They decided to pull ... at the first small
taverna in the next village. 19. As the 4.30 to Newcastle pulled ...,
there was a mad scramble to get on. 20. The patrolmen put their spot-
light on the car, and told me to pull ... . 21. I saw a bus pull ... in front
of us. 22. Her parents looked sad as the train pulled ... of the station.
23. Brian shifted forward and told the driver to pull ... . 24. Critics
were guick to point ... the weaknesses in these arguments. 25. Anne
had already kicked off her shoes and was pulling her socks.
2. Translate into English.
1. , . 2. -
. 3. 7 . 4.
. 5. () . 6.
. 7. . 8.
. 9. , . 10.
. 11. ,
? 12. ( ) .
13. . 14. . 15. -
. 16. -
. 17. . 18. ()
. 19. -
(oriental) . 20. -
. 21. .
22. (). 23. ,
. 24. .
25. (the curb).
put aside
1. ( ) to place an object somewhere next
to you; lay aside
Jimmy put aside his pipe.
2. () to save money for a particular purpose
Every summer he worked hard to put aside enough money to
continue his education.
put away , to put sth in the place where it is kept
Put away your toys.
put by ( ); ; put aside
I put by a few shillings in order to buy that.
put down
1. , ( , . .) to stop holding sth and
place it on a table, shelf, etc; set down
John put his drink down on the table.
2. to write, to put on paper
Put that telephone number down before you forget it.
3. , ; , to make
humble, to lower in position, to criticize
She put me down all the time.
They mentioned his poetry only to put it down.
put down to , to consider that sth is caused
by sth
He put his failure down to lack of efficiency.
What do you put her success down to?
put forward , to suggest sth for discussion
The idea was first put forward by J. Good.
put in
1. (, . .),
( . .) to install
Shortly gas will be put in in every house.
2. , ( ) to interrupt another
speaker in order to say sth
He had no opportunity to put in a word for his friend.
put off (, , ) to postpone, to
Ill put off my visit to Scotland till the weather is warmer.
put on
1. to dress oneself in
Put your coat on; its cold outside.
2. , , to cause to
work by pressing a switch or turning a knob; turn on, switch
Shall I put the fire on?
He put on the light.
3. , ( ) to become heavier
She put on over a stone.
She looks like shes put on weight.
put out , to extinguish
Put out that light.
put through (to) ( ) to connect by tele-
We are trying to put you through.
Put me through to the director.
put up
1. to raise a hand, a sail
Those who have read the book put up your hands.
2. , ( . .) to build, to erect
He put up a shed in the garden.
3. , ( . .) to fix up a no-
tice, sign, etc. for public view
Theyve put up a notice about the alterations in the timetable.
4. (at, with) ( . .); -
, () to stay for a time; to let sb stay at
your home
We put up at a motel.
We cant put him up here.
put up with , to bear patiently
We had to put up with a lot of noise when the children were at
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. He puts ... 100 a month to pay for his summer holiday. 2. When
he gave up smoking he put... nearly ten kilos. 3. Some friends put
me ... when I visited York so I didnt have to pay for a hotel. 4. The
firemen put ... the fire in less than 10 minutes. 5. I dont know how
she puts ... ... him. 6. She didnt put ... her jacket as it wasnt cold
outside. 7. Due to the storm I put ... my doctors appointment until
the following week. 8. The old man put his books ... and spoke to us.
9. She put her shopping ... in the kitchen. 10. But didnt you hear
what I said? put ... Sally Jones. 11.1 had a new lock put ... . 12. All
you have to do is put ... exactly what weve just said. 13. He puts it
a deep fear of change. 14. The Liberal party put ... a plan for
national recovery. 15. Why do you have to put me ... in front of ev-
eryone like that? 16. Townsend picked up the receiver and was put
... to the Laboratory. 17. We shall have to put ... a fence. 18. She put
... a large sign outside her house. 19. Dont forget to put the fire ...
before you go to bed. 20. Our monthly meeting has been put ... until
next Wednesday. 21. Put ... every name on a piece of paper. 22. The
receptionist put me ... to the managers secretary. 23. Im not going
to put ... ... their smoking any longer. 24. Shes always putting him ,
although hes a very competent man. 25. How much money can we
put ... ? 26. I put his bad temper ... ... his recent illness. 27. Its very
easy to put difficult discussions ... . 28. She took a pair of dark glasses
out of her pocket and put them ... . 29. She put her bag ... by the door.
30. The fire was put ... before the firefighters arrived. 31. We hadnt
a room to spare so we put him ... with the Browns. 32. Jim puts his
success ... ... hard work. 33. Im prepared to put ... ... it for the time
being. 34. At the end of the exam the teacher told everyone to put ...
their pens. 35. Let me put these books . 36. You never support me.
You are always putting me ... .
2. Translate into English.
1. . 2. () -
. 3. ( ).
4. , . 5. -
, . 6. -
. 7. . 8.
. 9. .
10. , -
. 11. . 12. ,
. 13. . 14.
() . 15. . 16.
. 17. ,
. 18. , , . 19.
. 20. -
. 21. ,
. 22. . 23. -
. 24. -
. 25.
, . 26.
. 27.
. 28. . 29. -
. 30.
. 31. . 32. -
ring off ( ), to put down
the telephone because you have finished speaking
He rang off before I could explain.
ring up , (-.) to telephone
sb/sth; phone up; call up
Ill ring you up later.
He rang up the police station.
rip off ; to cheat sb, by making
them pay too much, by selling them sth of poor quality, etc.
Dont buy anything at that shop Ive been ripped off there a
few times.
rub off (), to remove sth or to be removed by
She rubbed off the dead skin.
The gold colouring had begun to rub off.
rub in
Rub the ointment well in.
rub out , to remove the marks made by a
pencil, etc. using a rubber
The child wrote down the wrong word and then rubbed it out.
rule out to exclude
Police have not ruled out the possibility that the man was
run about , - to run without direction,
here and there; run around
Ill run about a bit, I am quite chilly.
run across (sb/sth) -., -.;
-., -. to meet unexpectedly, to find by chance; come
across, bump into, run into
I ran across an old friend of mine the other day.
run after
1. -., -. to run to try to catch sb/sth
Run after him!
Mike threw the ball and the dog ran after it.
2. . , -. to try to have a romantic
or sexual relationship with sb
Beautiful women run after me and I cant resist them.
run away to escape; to get away by running
She ran away laughing up the road.
run down
1. , -. to knock someone down by
running into him with a vehicle
The careless motorist ran down two small children.
2. , (usu. predic.) to become
weak, exhausted
Youve been working too hard and look run down.
He is still run down after his illness and unfit for work.
run into (sb/sth)
1. , to meet unexpectedly; run
across, come across, bump into
I ran into my cousin in Harrods yesterday.
2. to collide with sth
The brakes went out of order and the car ran into a bus.
run off , to move quickly away from a place or
person; run away
The boys ran off.
run out (of) ; , to reach
the end (of a supply)
I cant give you coffee, weve run out of it.
We were rapidly running out of money.
run over , (-.) to hit sb/sth with a vehicle;
run down; knock down
Two children were run over and killed.
rustle up . , -. ; -
to make or find sth quickly for sb and without planning
We dont have much in the fridge, but I think I can rustle up
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. What do you want from the shop? Well, weve run eggs, so
get a dozen. 2. Whats happened to Sams bicycle? Its in pieces! It
was run ... by a bus yesterday. 3. I ran ... an interesting article while
I was reading the newspaper. 4. When the dog barked, the child-
ren ran ... . 5. Have you heard the news? Billys in town. Yes, I know
I ran ... him this morning. 6. We needed a large garden where the kids
could run ... freely. 7. She spends a lot of time running ... wellknown
singers. 8. Youre probably run ..., Clarissa said. You need a holiday.
9. He ran ... from home at the age of thirteen. 10. Guess who I ran ...
today! 11. Could I have a cigarette? I seem to have run . 12. Our
neighbour was run ... by a taxi and was badly injured. 13. Weve run
flour and sugar how can I make a cake? 14. David lost control
of the car and ran ... a tree. 15. I cant do any more sit-ups. Ive run
energy. 16. The policeman ran ... the burglar for five minutes
before he finally caught him. 17. Youre extremely run ..., of course.
Im not sure that I oughtnt to tell you that you are dangerously
run ... . 18. The girl laughed and ran ... . 19. Its advisable to ring ...
first to make an appointment. 20. They cant rule ... the possibility
that he was kidnapped. 21. Ill try and rustle you ... something to eat.
22. The local shopkeepers were all trying to rip ... the tourists. 23. If
you write on the blackboard, rub it ... at the end of the lesson. 24. She
rubbed ... the dirt with her hand. 25. You forgot to rub ... your name.
26. Rub ... the pencil marks.
2. Translate into English.
1. () . 2.
. 3.
. 4. () .
, . 6.
. 7. -
. 8. . 9.
()! 10. . 11. -
. 12. ,
. 13.
? 14. K ,
. 15. ,
. 16. ? 17. , -
. 18. .
19. . 20. ( -
) . 21.
. 22.
. 23. ().
scrape through -
( ); - , to succeed in
doing sth with difficulty, especially in passing an exam
I might scrape through the exam if Im lucky.
see about -.; -. to make en-
quiries or arrangements about sth; to deal with
Robert went to the station to see about Thomass ticket.
Ill have to see about getting that roof repaired.
see off () to accompany a traveller to
his/her train, plane, etc.
Ill see you off at the airport.
see out to accompany sb to the door/
exit of a house/building
When guests leave the house, the host usually sees them out.
see over () to inspect a place; look round
Can I see over the flat before I make my decision?
see through , not to be deceived by
sb/sth, to understand the real nature of
She pretended that she loved him but he saw through her, and
realized she was only after his money.
see to , -., -. to take
care of
Ill see to it that the work is done in time.
The porter will see to the luggage.
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. He promised to see ... the matter. 2. We saw ... him from the start.
3. Will you see ... the arrangements for the next meeting? Dont
worry Ill see ... it. 4. Can you see ... it that the fax goes this af-
ternoon? 5. Do you like being seen ... by many friends or do you
prefer a quiet departure? 6. Will you see me ...? Im a stranger in this
place. 7. The engine wants seeing ... . It is not operating properly.
8. I saw ... the salesmans trick and refused to buy his goods. 9. They
came to the airport to see us ... . 10. Ill see you ... or you may get
lost in the building. 11. Will you see ... putting the children to bed?
12. Ill see ... that boy as soon as I get back. 13. All the parents were
at the railway station seeing the children ... to school. 14. Will you see
... that customer, please? 15. While Donna bought the theatre tick-
ets I saw ... the parking of the car. 16. She had learnt to see ... him.
17. Dont you worry about that. Ill see ... that. 18. She saw him ...
of the kitchen. 19. I must see ... lunch. 20. Weve seen ... two hous-
es today, but I didnt like either of them. 21. How did Edith do in
Maths? She only just scraped ... . 22. He was lucky to scrape ...
because he never did any work.
2. Translate into English.
1. ? 2.
. 3. . 4.
. . 5.
, -
. 6. () , . 7.
, . 8. .
9. . 10.
send away , to tell someone to go away from
What are you doing here? Dont send me away again!
send for , to summon
One of our water pipes has burst. We must send for the plum-
send in () to send a report or an application to
a place where it can be dealt with officially
Send in your application in good time.
send off , (, ) to send sth to
a place by post/mail
Im sending the files off to my boss tomorrow.
send on ( ) to forward, to send after a
If any letters come for you after you have gone I will send them
send out , to send sth to a lot of different
people and places
Have the invitations been sent out yet?
serve up/out ( ), (, -
); to put food onto plates and give it to people;
dish up
He served up/out a delicious meal.
set in , ( /) to
start and seem likely to continue
Winter has set in early this year.
set off/out , to start on a journey
They set off/out at six and hoped to arrive before dark.
They set out/off for Rome.
set out , (-. ) to begin a
job, task, etc. with a particular aim or goal
She set out to break the world record.
set up
1. , ; (-. )
to establish, to start a business
An office was set up to deal with such affairs.
2. , , to erect; put up
They set up their tent in the middle of a field.
settle down , ; , -
to become accustomed to, and contented in a new place,
job, etc.
He soon settled down in his new school.
I settled down with a book.
settle in (into) , , -
to move into a new home, job, etc. and
start to feel comfortable there
Madame gave her three weeks to settle in.
How are the kids settling into their new school?
settle up , to pay people what
you owe them
As soon as the money arrived I was able to settle up with him.
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. We had to set ... at 6 a.m. to get to the village by 2 p.m. 2. She
loves travelling, so shes decided to set ... a travel agency. 3. The rain
seemed to have set ... for the day. 4. They set ... on the last stage of
their journey. 5. In the middle of the square they set ... a big Christ-
mas tree. 6. They succeeded in what they set ... to do. 7. They serve
... far more food than could possibly be eaten. 8. Clare and I served ...
slices of cold meat. 9. He had settled ... to watch a sports programme.
10. At eight oclock he settles ...for supper. 11. And how are you set-
tling ..., Mr Swallow? 12. We settled ... last week. 13. Ill pay for the
tickets and you can settle ... with me afterwards. 14. The Grants have
lived in several parts of England, but theyd like to settle ... in Nor-
folk. 15. You must send ... your application before Friday. 16. The
director sent ... me and asked for an explanation. 17. He had sent ...
the rest of the familys belongings the day before. 18. If she sends it
to me Ill send it ... to you. 19. We sent ... a leaflet to every house-
hold. 20. Humboldt sent ... his resignation. 21. Send the beggar ... !
22. I wont send it ... just yet.
2. Translate into English.
1. . 2. () .
3. . 4.
. 5.
. 6. () -
. 7. . 8.
. 9. .
10. , , . 11.
, . 12.
. 13. -
. 14.
. 15. ? 16. -
. 17. -
. 18. . 19. -
. 20. ?
21. . 22. -
. 23. ? 24. ,
, . 25. -
show (a)round -. ( ); -
-. (); -. -
(c ) to be a guide to sb when they visit a place
for the first time; take round
We were shown around the school by one of the students.
Has anyone shown you round yet?
show in , -. -. to lead into
a room or building
A servant came to the door and showed me in.
show off , ; , to try
to impress people by making certain qualities/ achievements very
I hate him! Hes always showing off about how much money
hes got.
He was eager to show off the new car.
show out -. to accompany sb to the
Will you show Miss Nester out, please?
show up (), to arrive at a place where
people are expecting you; turn up
I dont think he will show up now. Its nearly midnight.
shut up . , to stop talking
Just shut up and listen!
slow down to go at a lower speed
The car slowed down as it approached the junction.
sort out ; /;
to organize the contents of sth; to tidy sth; to organize sth
in a satisfactory way
The cupboards need sorting out.
Its up to the director to sort out difficulties like this one.
speak up/out ;
to speak louder
You must speak up a little. I cant hear very well.
speed up () to move or happen faster; to
make sth move or happen faster
The train soon speeded up.
Can you try and speed things up a bit?
split up (with) (), to stop having
a relationship with sb
Shes split up with her boyfriend.
stand by , to help sb or be friends with
them, even in difficult situations
No matter what happens, Ill stand by you, so dont be afraid.
stand out (from) , to be excellent,
conspicuous or prominent
The book stands out from the others on the subject.
stay away , ;
-., -. not to go to a particular person or place
She stayed away from school for a month.
stay behind ( -.) to remain in a
place after most of the other people have gone
You can just stay behind and do it over again.
stay in , not to go out
I feel like staying in tonight.
stay on , to remain somewhere longer
than other people, longer than in the past, or longer than you
Pupils have to stay on at school till they are 16.
He had stayed on to have a drink.
stay out , to continue to
be outdoors
I dont like you staying out so late.
stay up , to go to bed
later than usual
He stays up every night until after one oclock preparing his
stop off . , to make
a short visit somewhere during a trip in order to do sth
Well stop off for a few days in Kiev to visit our cousins.
strike up , (, . .)
to begin a friendship, a relationship, a conversation, etc.
would often strike up conversations with complete strang-
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. Everybody shuts ... as soon as you mention it. 2. Oh, shut ... about
yourself! 3. He promised to come on Tuesday but he never showed ... .
4. He was afraid the others might think he was showing ... or being
superior. 5. I was showing a group of visitors ... the school. 6. Miss
Livingstone showed ... a guest. 7. Over a hundred people showed ... at
the meeting. 8. Will you show Miss Dobson ... please? 9. He was just
being shown ... as I arrived. 10. Dont show ...! 11. I will show you ...
the gallery. 12. Hes just showing ... because that girl he likes is here.
13. We stay ... almost every night and watch television. 14. Please
dont stay ... for me, I may be late. 15. My instructions are to stay ...
from him. 16. We stayed ... all night. 17. Why had she not stayed ... to
talk to them? 18. Can you stay ... after the others have gone and help
me clear up? 19. Shes staying ... at university to do research. 20. Al-
ice and I struck ... a friendship immediately. 21. On the way home I
stopped ... in London to attend a conference. 22. Bad housing and
poverty speed ... the breakdown of family life. 23. Could you please
speak ...? We cant hear you at the back. 24. I told him several times
to slow ... but he paid no attention. 25. The new clerk spent hours
sorting ... the files. 26. Julia decided that the only solution was to split
James. 27. Shes my friend and Ill stand ... her, no matter what.
28. Jim and Mary must be left to sort ... their own affairs it doesnt
concern anyone else. 29. After three years of marriage the unhappy
couple finally split ... . 30. The road was slippery, so Mr Jones slowed
... the car. 31. There was one episode that stood ... from the rest.
2. Translate into English.
1. . 2. .
3. . 4. .
5. , . 6. ? 7.
. 8. ! 9. , ,
. 10. . 11.
. 12. ()
. 13. .
14. 20 . 15. ,
. 16.
. 17. , . . 18.
. 19. ,
. 20.
. 21. -
. 22. ,
. 23. ,
( )? 24. -
. 25. -
. 26. .
27. .
28. . 29. -
. 30.
? 31. . 32. -
, .
33. ?
take aback , ; (usu.
passive) to surprise
I was taken aback by his appearance.
take about/take (a)round ; -
to accompany; show round
Who is taking you about?
Ill take him around and then bring him back.
take after -.; -. to look
or behave like an older member of your family, especially your
mother or father
He takes after his grandmother; she had red hair too.
take away , to remove
Take away the garbage.
take back ; ; to return
He was taken back to his cell.
take down
1. ( , . .) to get sth from a high
Im going to take down the curtains today.
2. ( ); to put
down, to write down
He read out the names, and the secretary took them down.
take for -. to mistake sb for sb
I took him for his brother. They are extremely alike.
take in , , to deceive
I was taken in by his appearance.
She was taken in again by the same trick.
take off
1. , to leave the
The plane takes off at six.
2. to remove clothes
He took off my wet boots and made me sit by the fire.
take on ( , . .) to engage, to
Is the supermarket taking on any more assistants?
They took me on because I was a good mathematician.
take out
1. to remove sth from a container or from the place
where it was
Emma opened her bag and took out a comb.
2. , ( , . .) to go to a
restaurant, theatre, club, etc. with sb you have invited
He never takes me out.
take over , ,
to succeed to; to assume control of a business,
management, duties
After the manager retired John is likely to take over.
He took the job over from his uncle.
take to
1. , ,
-. to develop a habit, to show a liking for
Theyve taken to skating together.
2. , to form a liking for
Our dog always takes to children quickly.
take up
1. ( -.), (-.) to start doing sth
He took up golf and became very keen on it.
Hes taken up jogging in order to lose weight.
2. ( . .); () to occupy (a
position in time or space)
Im afraid Ive taken up too much of your time.
The bed took up half the room.
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. My doctor advised me to take ... sport to help me lose weight.
2. Michael is very tidy. In that way, he takes ... his father. 3. The air-
plane took ... on time. 4. The boss asked the secretary to take ... some
notes. 5. My husband is taking me ... tonight to celebrate our anni-
versary. 6. The patient had to take ... his shirt for the doctor to exam-
ine him. 7. The waiter took ... the dishes at the end of the meal. 8. He
was taken ... when he heard the news. 9. Sam has really taken ... his
new school he loves it. 10. Many people were taken ... by the con-
man. 11. Do you take me ... a fool? 12. Is the supermarket taking ...
new assistants? 13. The airplane pilot fainted and his co-pilot had to
take ... . 14. The table takes ... very much room here. 15. If a person
once takes ... . gambling, its difficult to stop. 16. I took my son ... the
laboratory. 17. More hot coffee? She shook her head so he took the
tray ... . 18. He took ... a volume of verse. 19. The postmistress began
to take ... the message. 20. At the moment Oliver is taking a lot of
my time .... 21. I was keen to take him ... my editorial staff. 22. Hes
very musical. He takes ... his grandfather in that respect. 23. He cant
fool me! I wont be taken ... by his lies. 24. If it was hot indoors she
took ... her jacket. 25. Little Tommy loves dancing and wants to take
... ballet. 26. Recently Ive taken ... getting up earlier in the morning.
27. Id like to take you ... for a meal on your birthday to give you a
holiday from cooking. 28. The equipment is expensive and takes ... a
lot of space. 29. Even after years of close acquaintance he could take
you ... . 30. At first sight you would take him ... a football player, not
a poet. 31. I will tell you how to get to my place; you had better take
it ... . 32. The boy took ... his clothes and put on his pajamas. 33. The
dreadful sight of the accident took me ... . 34. The whole day has
been taken ... with making phone calls. 35. She took ... languages and
now speaks Chinese quite well. 36. Shes going to take ... those cur-
tains and put on different ones. 37. A helicopter is able to take ... and
land straight up or down. 38. Your daughter doesnt take ... you at all.
39. Who will take ... the leadership of the party next time? 40. She
was taken ... as a trainee. 41. H took ... duty at 8 a.m.
2. Translate into English.
1. , . 2.
. 3. -
. 4. -
. 5. . 6. (-
) . 7. . 8.
( ). 9.
. 10. ,
. 11.
. 12. ? 13.
. 14. -
. 15. ? 16. -
. 17. , ? 18. ,
() . 19. , .
20. . 21. , , -
. 22. ,
. 23.
. 24. ( -
). 25. . 26. -
. 27. . 28.
. 29.
talk sb into , to persuade sb to do sth
The salesman tried to talk me into buying a car.
talk sb out of , to persuade sb not to do
She tried to talk him out of leaving.
talk over (), to discuss
Talk it over with your wife and give me your answer tomorrow.
tell off , , to speak to sb angrily
because they have done sth wrong
Mr Black got angry and told off the boss.
think over , , to consider
sth carefully
Hed like more time to think things over.
throw away to get rid of sth
I dont need that you can throw it away.
try on , to put on a piece of clothing to see
if it fits
I like the dress. Could I try it on?
try out , to test
First they tried it out on a small group of children.
tuck in/into . ; ( ) to eat
sth with a lot of pleasure
Well, there we are, tuck in.
Was that a helicopter? she asked, tucking into her breakfast.
turn down
1. , (, , . .) to reduce the
volume, heat, noise, etc.
Please turn the volume down.
He turned the lights down low.
2. , , to refuse an offer
Why did she turn down your invitation?
He asked her to marry him but she turned him down.
turn into () -. (-.) to become, to
change into
He will turn into an excellent painter with time.
Look theyve turned the boat into a floating home.
turn off (, ), (),
(, ) to stop the flow of electricity, gas, water, etc. by
moving a switch, button, etc; switch off
They turned off the water while they repair a burst pipe.
Please turn the television off before you go to bed.
turn on (, , ), ,
() to start the flow of electricity, gas, water, etc. by moving a
switch, button, etc; switch on
Ill turn the television on.
turn out
1. (), (), (); turn off
She didnt turn the light out when she went out of the room.
2. to prove to be in the end
It turned out that she was a friend of my sister.
The job turned out to be harder than we thought.
turn to (sb) ( , ) -.
to go to sb for help, advice, etc.
She has nobody she can turn to.
turn up
1. , , to
appear, to arrive, to be found by chance
He turned up with a friend of his.
The book turned up in one of the boxes.
2. (, ), () to increase the
sound, heat, etc.
Could you turn the TV up?
turn over () to change position so that the other
side is facing outwards or upwards
If you turn over you might find it easier to get to sleep.
He turned the novel over to see the title.
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. I had to turn ... Freds invitation to his party as Ill be out of town
that evening. 2. In the famous comic strip, Clark Kent turns ... Su-
perman in a phone booth. 3. Youll never guess who turned ... at
Chris barbecue yesterday! 4. Could you turn ... the air conditioning,
please? Its very hot in here. 5. You can always turn ... me if youre
in trouble. 6. It was getting dark so I turned ... the lights. 7. If youve
finished, please turn the light ... . 8. The play turned ... to be a com-
plete success. 9. The car skidded and turned ... . 10. John said he was
coming at 6.00, but he didnt turn ... until 8.00. 11. When a better
job turned ..., he decided to accept it. 12. When the princess kissed
this ugly frog, he turned ... a handsome prince. 13. Vanessa turned ...
the answering machine before she left the house. 14. James was of-
fered the job, but he turned it ... because the salary wasnt very high.
15. Unfortunately, we turned ... at the restaurant just as it was closing.
16. Despite our worries everything turned ... well. 17. Who would you
turn ... if you had a problem? 18. Please turn ... the volume of the
TV its too loud. 19. I cant hear the TV. Could you turn it...?
20. He turned ... to be an old friend of Helens. 21. Were planning to
turn the spare room ... a study. 22. Some guests turned ... unexpect-
edly. 23. We offered them 60,000 for the house, but they turned
us ... . 24. The noise turned ... to be just the dog scratching at the
door. 25. The music was turned ... loud. 26. We arranged to meet her
but she never turned ... . 27. Their proposals have been turned ... be-
cause they will cost too much. 28. If the musics too loud for you,
why didnt you ask me to turn it ...? 29. Somebody forgot to turn
... the tap in the bathroom. 30. Its a bit dark in here. Shall I turn
the light ...? 31. Youll have to turn the volume ... shes a bit deaf.
32. He turned ... late, as usual. 33. The taxi didnt turn ... so we had
to walk. 34. I cant decide straight away but Ill think ... your idea
and let you know what I decided. 35. What a delight to see hun-
gry children tucking ... like that. 36. Mary put a plate of scrambled
eggs and bacon in front of Morris and he tucked ... appreciatively.
37. I didnt want to move abroad but Bill talked me ... it. 38. Youll
find it helpful to talk things ... with a friend. 39. I told the boys ... for
making so much noise. 40. He tried to talk me ... of buying such a
big car. 41. Always try shorts ... in the shop. 42. Oxford is trying
another idea to help working parents. 43. That old chair should be
thrown ... .
2. Translate into English.
1. . 2.
. 3. . 4.
, . 5. -
. 6. .
, , , . 7. -
, , .
8. ,
. 9.
. 10. , . 11. -
. 12. -
. 13. . 14. ,
. 15. . 16.
. 17. . 18. . 19. ,
. 20. -
, , - .
21. . 22. -
. 23. ,
. 24. , . 25.
. 26. .
27. . 28. -
. 29.
. 30. - . 31.
. 32. ,
. 33. .
wait on/upon , -. to attend to, serve
(at home or in a restaurant)
The man who was waiting on us seemed very inexperienced;
he got our orders mixed up.
wash up to wash dishes after a meal
I didnt wash up the pans.
warm (up) ; , ; to make
sth/sb warm or warmer; heat up
Ill warm up some milk.
As the climate warms (up) the ice caps will melt.
warm to , -. to
begin to like sb
I warmed to him in the bar.
wear out
1. () to use till no longer serviceable
Children wear out their shoes very quickly.
2. , ; to exhaust
Playing with children really wears me out.
wolf down , to eat food very quickly and
I wolfed down an enormous meal.
work out
1. , to calculate
He worked the sum out twenty times on the adding machine.
2. (); , (-
. .) to plan or think of sth
Ive worked out a new way of doing it.
3. to find the answer to sth, to solve sth
I couldnt work out where the music was coming from.
4. ; , to prove
to be
I wonder if their marriage will work out.
5. . to train the body by physical exercise
I work out regularly to keep fit.
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.
1. He expected his wife to wait ... him hand and foot. 2. When we
have dinner very late we dont wash ... till the next morning. 3. Cheap
clothes wear ... quickly. 4. Why do I feel worn ... after an ordinary
days work at the office? 5. It takes an hour or so for some children
to warm ... strangers. 6. He wolfed the food ..., bones and all. 7. Did
your plan work ...? 8. Start warming ... the soup now. 9. We are always
hopeful that a more peaceful solution can be worked ... . 10. The kids
have totally worn me ... . 11. Tell me where you want to go and Ill
work ... a route. 12. Help yourself, I say. Im not waiting ... you.
13. Calculate how much you owe each person, then work ... how
much you can afford to pay each of them. 14. We cleared the table
and washed ... the dishes. 15. He wore ... two pairs of shoes last year.
16. The arrangement worked ... rather badly for Leo. 17. She worked
... in a ballet class three hours a week.
2. Translate into English.
1. ( ). 2.
. 3. . 4.
. 5. .
6. . 7. , -
. 8. , . 9.
. 10. ,
? 11. . 12. -
. 13. .
14. . 15. -
. 16. . 17.
( ). 18. . 19. -
. 20.
. 21. . 22.
. 23.
1. Fill in the correct prepositions or adverbs.
1. I left the milk heating for too long and it all boiled ... . 2. When we
had worked ... the cost of a holiday abroad, we decided to stay at
home. 3. Ring this number and ask ... Bill (to speak to). 4. I always
mix ... the painters Monet and Manet. (confuse). 5. Ill do the shop-
ping if you see ... the lunch. 6. I asked him ... a cup of coffee.
7. I can account ... her sudden friendliness; she wants me to look ...
her parrot while she is away. 8. You mustnt answer ... like that when
your mother scolds you. 9. Workers dont always clean ... very thor-
oughly after they have made a mess. 10. Ring ... the station and find
... what time the train goes. 11. He stopped to pick ... a hitch-hiker.
12. He would like to ask her ... but he is too poor to pay for meals in
restaurants. 13. The committee left him the team as he had re-
fused to practise. 14.1 couldnt get any bread. All the bakers shops
were sold ... . 15. James was asking ... you today. He says he hasnt
seen you for weeks. 16. He wasnt walking very fast. Youll catch
him if you start at once. 17. Shell be busy seeing ... the childrens
clothes before they go back to school. 18. Ive been invited ... to
Brighton this weekend. 19. He doesnt like being seen ... .He prefers
to go to the station alone. 20. Ill see you ... when you leave. Its easy
to get lost in this enormous building. 21. If the business continues
to lose money, Im afraid well have to close ... . 22. Youd better ring
her ... and tell her youll be late. 23. Ive made a mistake; I must rub
it ... , said the child. 24. Drop ... any time youre passing, and have a
cup of tea. 25. Ill pay for both of us and you can settle ... afterwards.
26. Mothers having a holiday; we are waiting ... her for a change.
27. He rang ... angrily before I could explain why I hadnt turned ... .
28. An English husband usually helps his wife to wash ... after a meal.
29. It takes some time to settle ... to work again after a holiday. 30. She
took ... her glove so that she could show ... her diamond ring. 31. I
tried ... several coats but none of them suited me. 32. If you cant af-
ford it youll have to do ... it. 33. Watch ...! That man tried to take
your purse out of your shopping-bag. 34.1 pointed ... all her mistakes
but she didnt seem very grateful. 35. The Italian course started in
September and its now March. Im afraid you wont be able to catch
... ... the class now. 36. Theres no point in doing ... ... the old regula-
tions if you are going to introduce equally stupid new ones. 37. Its
your turn to make some suggestions; Ive run ... ... ideas. 38. He may
be sorry but that wont make ... ... the damage he has done. 39. Some
people can break the law and get ... ... it. Others get punished. 40. He
would get ... ... his work better if you left him alone. 41. Children used
to look ... ... their parents; now they are inclined to regard them as
equals. 42. He only puts ... ...his secretarys bad spelling because he
cant find a better one. 43. My legs are too short; I cant keep ... ...
you if you walk so fast. 44. I suppose youll look ... ... me when I tell
you I prefer kippers to caviare. 45. Ive had a busy day and Im look-
ing ... ... going to bed early. 46. It took him a long time to grow ... ...
the habit of biting his nails. 47. My room is rather dark because it
looks ... ... a blank wall. 48. Well settle ... when you produce all the
bills. 49. She goes ... ... yoga and spends ten minutes every day stand-
ing on her head. 50. He used to be very shy but he has grown ... ... it
now. 51. I can pay ... the money you lent me after Ive been to the
bank. 52. Applications for the job must be sent before next Wednes-
day. 53. We must keep ... working; its too soon to relax. 54. The ter-
rorists blew ... the railway line. 55. I had to send ... an electrician to
mend the switch. 56. After nursing the whole family when they had
flu she was completely worn ... . 57. My nephew wants to be an ex-
plorer when he grows ... . 58. As soon as the decorators have finished
work in my new house, Ill move ... . 59. You cant move into this flat
till I move ... . 60. Hes going to turn this old building ... a block of
flats. 61. My shoes wear ... very quickly since I started walking to the
office. 62. On a touring holiday you can move ... to a new place every
day if you want to. 63. The lifeboat is standing ... in case it is necessary
to take off the crew of the damaged ship. 64. Dont sit ... for me. I
shall probably be back very late. 65. The strike was called ... when the
management agreed to the strikers demands. 66. I dont care ... the
expense; I want the party to be a real success. 67. I cant account ...
the disappearance of the pictures; they were all there yesterday.
68. If passports were done (abolished), travel would be much
simpler. 69. You will have to allow ... some extra expenses on the
train. 70. They set ... on their camping trip with great enthusiasm.
71. When you have thought ... what I have said, you will understand.
72. He doesnt care ... continental cookery. He thinks its too rich.
73. The car pulled ... beside me and the driver asked me the way to
Piccadilly. 74. You can throw ... the packet; its empty. 75. They set ...
at six and reached their destination before dark. 76. I dont know
how she manages to care ... ten children without help. 77. My chil-
dren are picking ... English very quickly but I find it more difficult.
78. She fainted but they brought her ... by throwing cold water on her
face. 79. The teacher pointed ... several mistakes that the student had
not corrected. 80. You need capital before you can set... on your own
in any kind of business. 81. He suddenly gave ... his job and went to
Australia. 82. Dont make ... your mind at once; talk it... with your
lawyer first. 83. The room needs doing ...; its very shabby.
84. We must get the roof mended before the wet weather sets ... .
85. He picked ... all the biggest ones for himself. 86. You must carry
... the instructions on the packet exactly. 87. These boys are very po-
lite; they have obviously been well brought ... . 88. She carried ... with
her work in spite of all interruptions. 89. You can stay ... till your fa-
ther comes home and then you must go to bed. 90. Ill pick you ... at
your office and take you straight to the station. 91. Several new re-
cords were set ... at the last Olympic Games. 92. Clear ... your books.
I want to set the table for lunch. 93. You should cut ... this tree. It is
too near the house. 94. The examination was so easy that all the can-
didates handed ... their answer papers after the first hour. 95. My
plans for starting a restaurant fell... for lack of capital. 96. Our water
supply was cut ... because the pipe burst. 97. The wall was covered
with pictures of pop stars which Mary had cut magazines.
98. They wont let you ... if you arent a member of the club.
99. A heavy snowfall held ... the trains from the north. 100. If you re-
ally want to slim you must cut sweets. 101. The two brothers fell
... over their fathers will. 102. You would recover your sense of taste
if you cut ... smoking altogether. 103. Children, you must clear ... this
mess before going to bed. 104. I was cut ... in the middle of my call
because I ran money. 105. The mystery of his sudden disappear-
ance was never cleared ... . 106. I hope the weather will clear ... soon.
I want to go out. 107. Youll need somewhere to keep your books. Ill
clear ... this cupboard for you. 108. He won $ 300 and gave it all ... .
109. Riding is very expensive; Ill have to give it ... . 110. Ill put ... my
visit to the Royal Mint till you can come with me. 111. The roads
were crowded with people making ... the coast. 112. He gave ... all the
books he had borrowed. 113. She had invited me to dinner but she
had to put me ... as she was taken ill. 114.1 cant make ... the post-
mark on the letter; it looks like Basingstoke. 115. Put ... the light, its
getting quite light again. 116. That vase is very valuable. Put it ... be-
fore you drop it. 117. She makes ... very skillfully. She looks much
younger than she is. 118. He broke ... completely on hearing of his
daughters death. 119. He wasnt rich by any means, but he never
turned ... anyone who needed help. 120. On his way to work he called
... the florists and ordered a dozen red roses. 121. Burglars broke ...
the house and stole some jewellery. 122. Its time they made ... that
silly quarrel. 123. I turned ... the job because it was badly paid.
124. We called ... a specialist when he grew worse. 125. When the
police questioned him he broke ... and confessed. 126. Turn ... the
radio if you are not listening. 127. War broke... in 1939. 128. Can you
be ready at six? He is calling ... us to take us out. 129. Mary has bro-
ken ... her engagement to Charles. 130. She called ... for a few min-
utes to return a book. 131. The lift broke ... and we had to use the
stairs. 132.1 wish you would put ... the dishes instead of leaving them
on the table. 133. He didnt want to go to the cinema but they begged
so hard that he gave ... and went with them. 134. I dont believe that
story. I am sure you made it ... . 135.1 asked him to put ... the lights if
he was the last to leave. 136. I dont know how you put the noise;
it would drive me mad.
2. Fill in the correct prepositions or adverbs.
1. After his fourth attempt he gave ... trying to pass the driving test.
2. Heres a crash helmet. Put it ... . 3. He should try to make
his loss of sleep by going to bed early. 4. If you cant find a room
in a hotel, I could always put you ... . 5. If you want to save money
give ... eating in expensive restaurants. 6. There was a man giving ...
leaflets outside the church. 7. put ... his name for the excursion.
8. The representative of the computer company called ... all the fac-
tories in the district. 9. The situation is difficult and calls ... great
tact. 10. They broke ... their conversation when I came in. 11. The
school broke ... for the holidays at the end of July. 12. In this book
the mysterious stranger turns ... to be the long-lost son of the duke.
13. The firemen had to break the door to rescue the children. 14. The
garden party was called ... because of the rain. 15. He was called ... at
the age of eighteen and spent a year in the army. 16. She was plain as
a child but she turned ... remarkably pretty. 17. Mrs Jones rang. She
wants you to call her ... . 18. The family was broken ... after the death
of the parents. 19. The boat turned ... and threw us all into the water.
20. We arranged to meet at the theatre but she didnt turn ... . 21. The
three men who broke ... ... prison yesterday were later recaptured.
22. A huge crowd turned ... to see the international football match.
23. When he offered me 5,1 was too taken ... to say a word.
24. He has already run the money his father left him two years ago.
25. She took ... riding because she wanted to lose weight. 26. I cant
start the car; the battery has run ... . 27. The policeman ran ... the
thief. 28. He takes ... his mother; he has blue eyes and fair hair too.
29. He took ... going for a walk every night before he went to bed.
30. I wish we could sell the grand piano; it takes ... too much space.
31. I had to wait for permission from the Town Council before I could
go my plans. 32. He had a sandwich and a cup of coffee, then
went ... working. 33. The gun went ... by accident and wounded him
in the leg. 34. A hen ran in front of my car and Im afraid I ran ... it.
35. Youd better take ... your coat if youre too hot. 36. We took ...
each other the first time we met and have been friends ever since.
37.I ran ... an old school friend in the tube today. 38. Seeing me from
across the room, she came ... ... me, and said that she had a message
for me. 39. The early colonists of Canada went ... many hardships.
40. When his father died, Tom took ... the business. 41. He came
... a fortune last year. 42. The policeman took ... the number of the
stolen car. 43. People often take me ... my sister. We are very like each
other. 44. My neighbour is always running bread and borrow-
ing some from me. 45. Wait till prices come ... again before you buy.
46. I refuse to go ... now. Im going on. 47. If a bull chased me Id
run ... . 48. Even a child wouldnt be taken ... by such an obvious lie.
49. If she takes ... the job of director shell have to work harder.
50. He always takes ... his false teeth before he goes to bed. 51. They
have gone ... all the calculations again but they still cant find the
mistake. 52. The party went ... very well; we all enjoyed ourselves.
53. Come ... . Its far too cold to wait here any longer. 54. He wanted
to talk to me but I kept ... working and refused to listen. 55. If he
doesnt know a word he can look it ... in a dictionary. 56. Look ...
the baby while I am out. 57. She kept the children ... all day because
it was so wet and cold. 58. You must look ... and make plans for the
future. 59. Keep ...! he said. Dont come any nearer. 60. She went
... ... a beauty contest and got a prize. 61. The price of tomatoes usu-
ally goes ... in summer in England. 62. Im at home all day. Come ...
whenever yon have time. 63. Why dont you go stamp collect-
ing if you want a quiet holiday? 64. I have started getting up at five
a. m., but I dont know if I can keep this ... . 65. He had an unhappy
childhood and he never looks ... ... it with any pleasure. 66. Look
...! You nearly knocked my cup out of my hand. 67. Tom is looking
his first trip abroad. 68. He looks me because I spend my
holidays in Bournemouth instead of going abroad. 69. If you dont
give the children something to do, theyll be some mischief.
70. Mary wants to study medicine but she is not very clever. I dont
think she is it. 71. She didnt really know what hed been ... ... .
72. Its your birthday, so what we do tonight is you. 73. The
Cabots look us. 74. Youd better talk him his plan.
75. I havent got ... my cold yet. 76. You can look ... the house.
77. How did it come ... ? 78. Is there anyone here to wait ...
us? 79. Did you turn ... the gas? Yes, Ive just turned it ... .
80. Have you given the papers ...? Yes. Ive given them ... .
81. Chop that wood ... . 82. Leave that word ... . 83. Let him ... .
84. Fill this car ... . 85. Close the shop ... . 86. Drive the car ... .
87. Lock him ... . 88. Pick that ... . 89. Put it ... . 90. When will
they bring your article ...? 91. Why dont you call ... your mother?
92. Youve given ... the secret. 93. Ill pay you ... for this! 94. You work
and Ill look ... . 95. I waited for him, but he never showed ... . 96. Im
glad theyve done that bad law. 97. Harry puts money ... every
week for his holiday. 98. Ive decided to take ... tennis. 99. This is a
difficult problem. I cant work it ... . 100. Her new book came ... last
week. 101. She pleaded with me, and I finally gave ... . 102. I think
the rain has set ... for the day. 103. You always show ... at parties.
104. Can you turn ... the sound? 105. They are too far ahead for us to
catch them. 106. I dropped Bill and Sheila on my way home.
107. Do you get ... ... your new boss? 108. It would be best to run
away now but she could not let Jimmie ... : he needed help. 109. Alan
told her that after this, he would settle ... and marry her. 110. Madame
Maire gave her three weeks to settle ... . 111. We filled ... all the cus-
toms forms. 112. We stayed ... the whole evening, didnt go to the disco
at all. 113. We have been let ... our homework because of the concert.
114. Diplomatic relations were restored after being broken ... during
the war. 115. He went on sorting ... the flowers. 116. When I was told
... by my parents, it was nearly always justified. 117. I saw ... his inten-
tions at once. 118. Why dont you stay ...? 119. Why dont you take
the children ...? 120. I spent three days cleaning that flat ... . 121. It is
sometimes difficult to make ... what is said over an airport loudspeaker.
122. I asked him how he was, and how his job was working ... .
123. She had fallen ... so severely with her parents that she couldnt
go home. 124. It was an intelligence test, intended to sort ... the chil-
dren capable of attempting the papers. 125. Ill talk it ... with Len
tonight and let you know tomorrow. 126. Some people wanted to take
... my fathers oil importing business. 127. We helped to build ... the
wealth of this country. 128. The first thing to do in a crisis is to set
... a committee. 129. I have somehow mixed ... two events. 130. He
went back to the studio and tidied it ... . 131. He used ... all the coins
he had. 132. Did you pick ... any Turkish while you were in Turkey?
133. Can you pick ... the kids from school tonight? Ive got a meeting.
134. She decided to take ... medicine as a career. 135. They advised
him to plan for an election. 136. Put that cigarette immediately.
137. Can you drop me ... near the supermarket? 138. But the scheme
fell ... , despite all my careful instructions. 139. Youll wear yourself
... if you carry ... working so hard. 140. That boy wolfed ... the whole
cake, while my back was turned.
3. Put in the appropriate verb.
1. The police ... by in case of trouble. 2. Well ... off as soon as Tims
ready. 3. My favourite TV programme ... on tonight. 4. People who ...
up early dont always ... up early. 5. They decided to ... off the theatre
visit for a while. 6. Can you ... out what this sign means? 7. Please ...
after my luggage while I go to the toilet. 8. I like my job but I dont ...
on with my boss. 9. 1 suddenly ... up my mind to emigrate. 10. They
... up our office last week. It looks nice now. 11 . We ... in on Uncle
Tom when we were in Bristol. 12. Dont all go to a hotel. We can
easily ... up some of you here. 13. Hello, John. How are you ... on?
Fine, thanks. 14. If you ... for it carefully, youll find it. 15. Mike
never ... up his room. 16. The pupils ... their books away after the les-
son. 17. Could you lend me ten pounds? Ill you back on Friday.
18. Several boats ... over in the strong wind. 19. The boxer didnt ...
round for ten minutes after the fight. 20. He had flu for weeks, but
finally he ... over it. 21 ... . on a minute Ill fetch my pen. 22. I ...
out of money before the end of the holiday. 23. ... after my case. Ill
come and ... it up later. 24. Ill ... you up at seven oclock and well
go to the cinema. 25. Could I ... in a word at this point? 26. We ... up
sailing when we moved to Portsmouth. 27. This man is not ... out for
an office job. 28. Ill never finish in time. ... on. Of course you will.
29. This magazine ... out once a month. 30. ... on with the work or
well never finish today. 31. Shall we leave at 9 or 10? I dont mind.
It ... up to you. 32. I feel tired, but I must ... down to work again.
33. After three failures I finally ... through the driving test. 34. There
was an article in the newspaper that I wanted to out and keep.
35. I phoned John to ... out when he was coming. 36. In spite of the
cold weather he ... out without a coat. 37. I cant ... up with that noise
any longer. 38. You can watch television while I ... on with this book.
39. He ... away at the age of 80. 40. That dog ... on barking all night.
41. After stopping to ... out exactly where they were, they ... on at full
speed. 42. Janet will ... to the housework while Mother is away. 43. You
must ... round and see me when you have time. 44. My shoes are ... out.
I need some new ones. 45. Shall I ... up your glass? 46. What ... up with
John? He looks very angry. 47. Are you ready? Yes, you can ... ahead
now. 48. Smile at the new teacher and youll ... away with anything.
49. The job wont be easy without help, but well ... by. 50. John ...
up languages very easily. 51. Early next morning they ... off for Paris.
52. Be ready at two and Ill ... you up in the car. 53. After spend-
ing a week in Paris we ... for the south coast. 54. Ill ... out these
old letters and ... some away. 55. The children are ... forward to the
holidays. 56. I cant ... without a cup of coffee at ten oclock. 57. Can
I borrow your car? Ill... it back in an hour. 58. Jane was unhappy
at first, but she soon ... down in her new school. 59. Im going
now. ... on a second. Ill come with you. 60. ... on with your work.
61. Have you seen Ted lately? Yes. I ... into him at the cinema last
week. 62. I ... across your letter while I was ... up my office. 63. ...
the lights out. We must economise on electricity. 64. Whats ... on?
Is anything wrong? 65. Mary ... on John as a good friend. 66. His
writing is so bad that I cant... out a word. 67. His clothes were
covered with mud when he ... in. 68. Cant we go out somewhere?
I dont want to in all evening. 69. I must ... up my French or
Ill forget everything. 70. Malcolm is working hard. I hope he
can ... it up. 71. I tried to ... up smoking, but I couldnt ... it up.
72. I agreed with Peter who ... all for leaving immediately. 73. I told
the salesman to ... the suit by for me until next week. 74. It was late,
but we ... on for an hour. 75. The boss ... Bill off for working so slow-
ly. 76. Children are always in a hurry to ... up. 77. She never stops
talking. She ... after her mother. 78. If you ... through these books
youll find what you want. 79. He is a pleasant friendly man who
... on well with nearly everybody. 80. Youre really ... up with your
job, arent you? 81. Wages dont always ... up with inflation. 82. You
paid 50? They really ... you off! 83. The snow and ice ... about
a number of accidents. 84. ... in and see me next time you pass by.
85. He filled his pockets with money and ... off. 86. The soup is
too hot to eat, but itll soon ... down. 87. Children ... out of their
clothes very quickly. 88. I like the new neighbour, but I didnt ...
to his wife. 89. He likes to ... off in his noisy fast car. 90. When ice
melts, it ... into water. 91. They are all good apples. Its hard to ...
out the best one. 92. He ... out at the moment. Hell ... back in ten
minutes or so. 93. I ... up to a policeman and asked him the way.
94. Ill ... these parcels off tomorrow. 95. Its time to ... the an-
nouncement out. 96. He works too hard. Hell up with a heart
attack. 97. The man in front round and stared at me. 98. She ...
the dress on, but it was too small. 99. The assistant ... the book up in
brown paper. 100. He imitated the boss voice and ... us in complete-
ly. 101. ... out! Theres a car coming! 102. The children ... up when
father Christmas arrived, and gazed at him in wonder. 103. She said
shed meet me there, but she didnt ... up. 104. ... John here? No,
he wont ... in until ten oclock. 105. She didnt want to go to the
party, but we ... her into it. 106. A good soldier always ... out or-
ders. 107. We ... through the list again to check it. 108. You owe me
a pound. ... on, pay up! 109. Dont throw your cigarette away. ... it
out in the ashtray. 110. If the fire brigade doesnt come soon, the
whole house will ... down. 111. My room is in a mess. I must ...
it up today. 112. We ... out to dinner at Johns expense when he got
his rise. 113. We must ... out these drawers and ... away the rubbish.
114. The car ... down, so I had to walk. 115. The meeting ... up about
six oclock. 116. Friends and neighbours were ... up for military ser-
4. Put in the appropriate verb.
1. They ... off the game because of the weather. 2. When did you
last ... out with your husband? 3. She never really ... over the death
of her husband. 4. Daughters are good at ... round their fathers.
5. They argued and argued, but eventually George ... in. 6. Ill have
to these books back to the library. 7. I would prefer not to ...
my children up in a big city. 8. Now dont ... me down, will you?
9. Did you ... back the money you owed John? 10. He had to ...
off the interview. 11. Who do you think I ... into yesterday? 12. I
must ... about the tickets. 13. We ... off early. 14. Have you ... down in
your new flat yet? 15. They ... down his proposal. 16. Where can
I ... up all my guests? 17. Im afraid these shoes may ... out very
quickly they were very cheap. 18. Well-off people used to have
servants to ... on them. 19. I said to the shop assistant, I like this
coat; could I ... it on? 20. You wont ... on very fast with your work
if you try to watch television at the same time. 21. I heard two men
planning to break into a house. What should I do? You should ...
on the information to the police. 22. Someone is following us!
Never mind; ... on walking and pay no attention. 23. The train
leaves at eight tomorrow evening. Will you come and ... me off?
24. He doesnt ... on with his family. Thats why he doesnt live at
home. 25. The plane ... off at seven and climbed rapidly into the
stormy sky. 26. English people have to ... up with English weather.
27. The party didnt ... up till 3 a.m. and the guests left very noisily.
28. If you want a new passport you must... up this form. 29. He wast-
ed two weeks and tried to ... up for it by working madly the last day.
30. When war ... out, prices usually ... up. 31. He dictated and I ...
it down in shorthand. 32. I ... over the accounts several times but
couldnt find the mistake. 33. What a terrible journey! We ... down
twice on the way home. 34. The police caught one thief but the
other ... away. 35. We are spending too much; well have to ... down
our expenses. 36.1 cant... out who it is. He is too far away. 37. I cant
believe you ... those tickets away. 38. To her surprise she found that
all the dishes had been washed and ... away. 39. I left lots of messages
for Sue but she never ... me back. 40. Im nervous about using the
washing machine in case it ... down again. 41. Even if youve smoked
all your life, its never too late to ... down or stop. 42. ... me down,
Mummy! 43. Its a good idea to ... in two hours before your flight
is due to leave. 44. Will you ... the kids up on your way into town?
45. 1 know things seem bad, but life must ... on. 46. I didnt have
a key, but luckily someone was there to me in. 47. Id like ...
on with my composition. 48. My trip to London didnt ... out
the way Id planned. 49. She cant walk properly she keeps
... over. 50. Jack was walking fast, but I ... up with him. 51. Jill ...
round last night and stayed for hours. 52. The bus stopped to let
more people ... on. 53. If anyone ... Sonia off, she goes and hides
in her room. 54. Work on your own and ... down the answers to these
questions. 55. Jack doesnt ... after his father at all. 56. Ive never
... across anything like this before. What is it? 57. We were ... up by
the sound of breaking glass. 58. I closed the window and ... up the
heating. 59. Theres a crisis at the office and they need me there
to ... it out. 60. ... on a minute, I need to get my coat. 61. The TV
set ... on, but the sound had been ... off. 62. You have to ... in a
registration form before you can use the library. 63. He realised he
was driving too fast and began to ... down. 64. Looking for a place
to live has ... up all my time recently. 65. Why did you down such
a good offer? 66. She ... the book over and read the notes on the
back cover. 67. My mother is living with us now, which is ... out well.
68. Please try not to ... the baby up. Ive only just got him to sleep.
69. I cant hear the radio. Can you ... it up? 70. I cant out if its
a man or woman over there. 71. If you want to lose weight, try to ...
down on fatty snacks such as crisps. 72. Jack had ... down with his
new wife in a small town near London. 73. Why did you ... down the
invitation to Kate and Joes wedding? 74. My pride was hurt, but Ill ...
over it. 75. The thieves robbed the store and then ... it up. 76. Im go-
ing to tell his parents what he ... up to. 77. She ... the letter away with-
out reading it. 78. I put the radio on loud, but Dad shouted to me to
... the volume down. 79. Are you ... forward to the wedding? 80. Has
she ... you in yet? 81. He ... in the truck and ... off. 82. The farm is
often completely ... off in the winter. 83. The taxi didnt ... up so
we had to walk. 84. He says its a nuisance but he can ... up with it.
85. She loves singing and even ... up her own songs. 86. Youll have
to ... up, Im afraid. Mrs Newton is rather deaf. 87. His false iden-
tity papers ... him away. 88. Joe is ... up their number in the phone
book. 89. Im sorry to be so slow. Am I ... people up? 90. My father
and I both like climbing so I ... after him in that respect. 91. Jack ...
for his name on the list but couldnt find it. 92. ... in the blanks with
the correct word or phrase. 93. No one knew why Ray had ... off
all contact with his family. 94. Is this where we ... off? 95. The bus
was so full that he couldnt even ... on it. 96. The public meeting
gave us a chance to ... out what was ... on. 97. I cant see that. I havent
... my glasses on. 98. Dad often ... us off about watching too much
TV. 99. The drivers door opened and an elderly woman ... out.
100. They ... out for nearly a year, but theyre not together any more.
101. They tried to ... out the fire themselves. 102. Why has that car
stopped? Its .. . out of petrol. 103. These children seem to ... on their
teachers as their enemies. 104. She ... off before I could ask her name.
105. I cant ... out how you got here so quickly. 106. I havent seen
you for weeks. What have you ... up to? 107. He has just ... up with
his girlfriend. 108. Some couples ... off having children until they are
older. 109. I went shopping to ... myself up. 110. Oh, ... up! Stop be-
ing childish! 111. The car struck the wall and ... over.
5. Fill in the correct particle(s).
1. If you are seen stealing that
car the police will be ... you.
2. What are the children ... ?
They are very quiet.
3. We are ... bad weather this
4. I hope nobody disturbs me;
my favourite television pro-
gramme will be ... in five
5. I have broken my leg skiing,
so I will be ... work for two
6. If they are late for the meet-
ing again I will be ... with
7. If you press the wrong but-
tons, the machine will break
... .
1. after, back, for, through
2. up, up to, against, over
3. away, on at, in for, over
4. out, off, after, on
5. over, at, back, off
6. over, through, out of, off
7. down, in, off, through
8. School breaks ... for Easter
on 2nd April.
9. The robbers used iron bars to
break ... the bank.
10. When she was told her mum
was in hospital she broke ... .
11. The troops managed to break
... the enemy lines.
12. Sheila broke ... her engage-
ment last week.
13. A fire broke ... just as we we-
re leaving the match.
14. By stealing, Mark brought ...
his dismissal from work.
15. The music brings ... happy
16. We managed to bring him
... by splashing his face with
17. The author will bring ... his
new novel soon.
18. They had to call ... the foot-
ball match because of the
19. My boss is calling ... us to-
night at 8 oclock.
20. This situation calls ... imme-
diate action.
21. I didnt mean to buy so much
but I got carried ... .
22. The police are carrying ... an
investigation into the cause
of Andrews death.
8. out, up, down, off
9. in, into, through, away
10. down, off, through, in
11. off, down, through, over
12. in, up, out, off
13. out, down, into, off
14. down, about, off, over
15. to, back, out, along
16. about, round, together, on
17. in, about, to, out
18. back, in, off, out
19. on, to, back, up
20. over, for, out, in
21. off, on, away, out
22. over, out, off, through
23. I dont feel well but Ill carry
... working anyway.
24. Despite the difficulties, we
managed to carry ... the
25. I came ... my old photo al-
bum while tidying up.
26. I feel terrible! I must be com-
ing ... the flu.
27. When Sallys uncle died, she
came ... a small fortune.
28. The details of the corruption
scandal eventually came ... .
29. If you dont pay your water
bill, your water supply will
be cut ... .
30. Im not cut ... working in an
31. You must cut... the amount
of sugar you consume.
32. The village was cut ... for
days because of the snow.
33. Most countries have done ...
the death penalty.
34. Im really thirsty. I could do
... a drink.
35. Im afraid youve fallen ...
with your schoolwork.
36. He fell ... her at first sight.
37. They got ... the stolen
38. Ann is getting ... her collea-
23. on, off, away, over
24. over, away, off, on
25. at, by, down, across
26. up, down with, out, through
27. by, up, with, to, into
28. in, off, out, round
29. across, off, back ,in
30. out, out for, up, to
31. into, in, off, down on
32. off, out, up, to
33. out, away with, with, up
34. up, with, out, in
35. for, in, behind, through
36. through, out, for
37. off, on, through, away with
38. on, on with, by, round
39. I dont understand what you
are getting ... .
40. He always gets ... me by buy-
ing me presents.
41. I tried to call you last night
but I couldnt get... you.
42. Get ... the train quickly, be-
fore it leaves.
43. Her secret was given ... by
her friend by mistake.
44. He has tried to give ... smok-
ing twice.
45. When milk turns sour, it
gives ... a horrible smell.
46. They were forced to give ...
to the enemy.
47. Ricky went... the flu.
48. My aunt has gone ... that pop
49. The fireworks went ... at
50. The detective carefully
went... the facts with the wit-
51. The film was so sad she
couldnt hold ... her tears.
52. I was asked to hold ... while
Mr Smith was fetched to the
53. We were held ... on the mo-
torway for three hours.
54. Cindy kept... information
from the police.
39. in, at, through to, out
40. off, round, up, on with
41. on, over, across, through to
42. round, up, with, on
43. out, away, up, off
44. away, off, up, out
45. in, up, off, to
46. in, back, off, out
47. down with, up, over, away
48. along, back on, in for, by
49. into, off, on, out
50. away, by, back on, over
51. down, back, off, on
52. to, with, down, on
53. back, up, to, over
54. in, out, back, on
55. My boss told me to keep ...
the good work.
56. You have to keep ... a word
limit of 200,the teacher
57. He warned them to keep ...
the freshly painted benches.
58. Darren was let ... by the judge
as this was her first offence.
59. Vicky was often let ... by her
forgetful sister.
60. Could you please look ... this
contract? If you agree, sign
61. Ann has a nanny to look ...
her children while shes at
62. Look ... all the unknown
words in the dictionary.
63. Look ... this magazine and
find the problem page.
64. She looks ... everyone who
hasnt been to college.
65. We are all looking ... Christ-
66. We must look ... this prob-
lem and find out its cause.
67. Without my glasses I can
hardly make ... the words on
this page.
68. She must have made ... that
story; it cant be true.
69. They didnt make ... after
their quarrel.
55. out, up, after, at, on
56. from, off, to, at
57. off, back, on, in
58. off, down, in, on
59. into, in, up, down
60. out, over, in, up
61. out, over, into, after
62. round, to, up, up to
63. through, out, on, for
64. into, onto, down on, in
65. back, on, forward to, up to
66. up to, on, out, into
67. for, out, off, up
68. up, up for, for, over
69. up, for, off, over
70. He bought her some flowers
to make ... his bad behav-
71. His grandmother passed ...
in March last year.
72. At the party he passed him-
self... a rich businessman.
73 Help me to a seat;I think Im
going to pass ... .
74. Dont worry, Im going to
pay him ... for what he did
for you.
75. Pull yourself ... and stop be-
having like a child.
76. The train pulled ... at the sta-
tion 20 minutes late.
77. We arrived just in time to see
the train pull ... the station.
78. We put ... $300 to buy Christ-
mas presents.
79. Wed better put ... our meet-
ing until tomorrow; Im busy
80. The firemen tried hard to
put the fire ... .
81. Could you put me ... to the
manager, please?
82. I cant put ... those children
any longer. Theyre very
83. Our flight was delayed, so
the airline company put us
... in a hotel for the night.
70. up for, off, up, over
71. away, by, off, over
72. out, through, off as, by
73. off, up, out, back
74. down, back, up, off
75. together, in, down, out
76. back, down, out, in
77. off, in, out of, from
78. down , aside, in, on
79. off, in, on, up
80. back, in, down , out
81. through, on, forward, by
82. down, up with, on, off
83. out, up, off, in
84. He ran ... his old friend,
Tom, in Oxford Street last
85. Weve run ... sugar; could
you go and buy some?
86. Steve ran ... my skateboard
with his motorcycle.
87. If youd like to take a seat,
Ill see ... changing your
88. I took my parents to the air-
port and saw them ... .
89. He tried to convince us he
was an actor but we saw ...
90. You clear the table and Ill
see ... the washing-up.
91. Make sure you see ... the
property before you agree to
buy it.
92. The cold weather has finally
set ... .
93. They set ... at 5.00 in the
morning and returned at
9.00 in the evening.
94. He decided to set ... his own
95. Don t worry. I will stand ...
you if you get into trouble.
96. Sheila has taken ... her
mother in looks. Theyre
very alike.
97. I was taken ... completely by
all his lies.
84. up, in, across, through
85. in, off, out of, on
86. after, out, of, over
87. off, about, for, into
88. out, over, off, to
89. to, about, for, through
90. for, to, with, at
91. to, over, out, about
92. about, down, in, up
93. out, to, back, by
94. up, back, off, to
95. out, by, for, up
96. away, for, after, off
97. on, in, down, out
98. When he retired, he took ...
collecting postcards.
99. She took my mother ... the
100. He took ... the company
when his father died.
101. We were taken ... by his
rude behaviour.
102. Passengers are not allowed
to use their mobile phones
while the plane is taking ... .
103. Can you turn ... the radio;
its too loud.
104. In a crisis, I always turn ...
my father for help.
105. We were surprised when
John turned ... at Anns
106. They turned the attic ... a
107. Turn ... the page and start
reading silently.
108. I turned my chair ... to face
the fire.
109. Your shoes are worn ... .
Youd better buy a new pair.
110. It took me a long time to
work ... the solution to my
111. Ronald called in at the bank
to pay his first cheque ... .
98. out, to, back, up
99. off, for, aback, in
100. out, over, up, back
101. aback, to, away, down
102. off, after, over, up
103. on, off, in, down
104. away, on, in, to
105. up, in, off, down
106. on, to, into, out
107. over, up, out, on
108. over, round, down, off
109. in, out, on, off
110. on, out, up, down
111. out, back, in, for
2. Joe met his ex-boss at the conference today.
into Joe ... at the conference today.
3. The puppy was digging holes in the garden, trying to find the bone
he had buried.
looking The puppy was digging holes in the garden ... he had
4. When you go camping, always remember to stop the camp fire
from burning before you go to sleep.
out When you go camping, always remember to ... before
you go to sleep.
5. Why didnt the security guard chase the thief?
run Why didnt the security guard ... the thief?
6. Samantha inherited an enormous amount of money when her
aunt died last year.
came Samantha ... of money when her aunt died last year.
7. It was such a cold day that I wore my woollen hat and gloves.
on It was such a cold day that I ... and gloves.
8. Do you know when school stops for Easter?
up Do you know when ... Easter?
9. Cathys application wasnt accepted because she had very little
turned Cathys application ... had very little experience.
10. I stopped drinking coffee as it was bad for my stomach.
gave I ... coffee as it was bad for my stomach.
6. Complete each sentence with two to f ive words, including
the word in bold.
1. With her gorgeous blue eyes, she really looks like her mother.
takes With her gorgeous blue eyes, she really ... her mother.
11. Someone revealed the companys plans for the new project.
gave Someone ... the companys plans for the new project.
12. How can you bear so much traffic noise?
put How can you ... traffic noise?
13. Charles cheated in his exams, and didnt get caught.
got Charles cheated in his exams, and ... it.
14. Our supplies of drinking water have come to an end; we need to
refill the bottles.
given Our supplies of drinking water ...; we need to refill the
15. The oven is emitting a smell of gas; there must be a leak.
giving The oven ... a smell of gas; there must be a leak.
16. I visited a few friends while I was in Manchester.
called I ... while I was in Manchester.
17. What are you trying to say?
getting What...?
18. Although United were losing 3:0, they refused to admit defeat
and continued trying.
give Although United were losing 30, they refused ... and
continued trying.
19. He was surprised when he heard Lindas speech.
taken He was ... heard Lindas speech.
20. Paul doesnt really like his new job.
taken Paul ... his new job.
21. Im tired of living in a flat I want to buy a house.
fed Im ... in a flat I want to buy a house.
22. Do you have a good relationship with your colleagues at work?
on Do you ... your colleagues at work?
23. The thieves escaped without being punished for the robbery.
with The thieves ... the robbery.
24. Its time for John to start revising for the exam.
down Its time for John to ... revising for the exam.
25. I must go to the dentist, and get my teeth taken care of.
seen I must go to the dentist ... to.
26. The telephone was disconnected because I forgot to pay the bill.
cut The telephone was ... I forgot to pay the bill.
27. Have you recovered from your operation?
got Have you ... operation?
28. They removed two chapters from the book in order to make it
cut They ... from the book in order to make it shorter.
29. He didnt fulfil his threat.
carry He ... his threat.
30. The house proved to be a good investment, didnt it?
turned The house ... a good investment, didnt it?
31. The car has stopped working we must get it repaired.
broken The car ... we must get it repaired.
32. Laura has become too old to play with dolls she plays computer
games instead.
grown Laura has ... with dolls she plays computer games in-
33. Lets postpone the meeting until tomorrow.
put Lets ... until tomorrow.
34. She used cold water to make him regain consciousness after he
bring She used cold water to ... after he fell.
35. A bus collided with a lorry last night.
ran A bus ... last night.
36. Everyone left the building when the fire alarm rang this morn-
went Everyone left the building when ... this morning.
37. The doctor advised him to reduce his consumption of fatty
cut The doctor advised him to ... fatty foods.
38. Im sorry to interrupt, but I need to ask a question.
cut Im sorry ... but I need to ask a question.
39. After the meeting, I continued correcting the essays.
carried After the meeting, I ... correcting the essays.
40. Terry refused the invitation because he was going on a business
turned Terry ... because he was going on a business trip.
41. That group has just produced a new album.
bring That group ... a new album.
42. While the meeting was in progress, Jill was taking notes.
going While the meeting ..., Jill was taking notes.
43. She has experienced a lot of personal problems this year.
gone She ... a lot of personal problems this year.
44. I cant tolerate his bad behaviour any longer.
up I cant ... his bad behaviour any longer.
45. This sofa becomes a bed.
turns This sofa ... a bed.
46. John arrived two hours late for the meeting.
turned John ... late for the meeting.
47. Please reduce the volume on the CD player I cant concen-
turn Please ... on the CD player I cant concentrate.
48. The prisoner escaped from the prison through a secret tunnel.
broke The prisoner ... the prison through a secret tunnel.
49. Julies friend looks after the dog while she is on holiday.
cares Julies friend ... while she is on holiday.
50. Someone entered the building illegally during the night.
broke Someone ... building during the night.
51. When you become an adult, what do you want to do?
grow When ... what do you want to do?
52. Charlie has become too big to wear those trousers.
out Charlie ... those trousers.
53. She dressed herself in her new clothes as soon as she got home.
put She ... as soon as she got home.
54. Quite by chance, Brenda met Philip at the station.
run Brenda ... at the station.
55. Do you have a good relationship with your in-laws?
get Do you ... in-laws?
56. Mary stopped eating chocolate as she wanted to lose weight.
gave Mary ... as she wanted to lose weight.
57. Alison looks like her mother.
taken Alison ... her mother.
58. Before the plane left the ground, we fastened our seatbelts.
took Before the plane ... we fastened our seatbelts.
59. The old man wasnt deceived by the salesman.
taken The old man ... by the salesman.
60. The burglar escaped even though the police chased him.
got The burglar the police chased him.
61. After the man left my office, I continued typing the reports.
with After the man left my office, I ... typing the reports.
62. The village was isolated after the storm.
cut The village ... the storm.
63. Jack and Sally ended their relationship six months ago.
broke Jack and Sally ... months ago.
64. John has gained weight recently, hasnt he?
put John ... weight recently, hasnt he?
65. My friend let me stay at her house last weekend.
put My friend ... last weekend.
66. Heavy rain caused the accident to happen.
brought Heavy rain ... the accident.
67. We havent got any apples left, so I cant make a fruit salad.
run We ... apples, so I cant make a fruit salad.
68. John secretly escaped from boarding school and his parents were
very worried.
ran John ... and his parents were very worried.
69. Im afraid we have encountered some problems in the production
of this car.
run Im afraid ... some problems in the production of this
70. The price of oranges has increased now that theyre out of sea-
gone The price of oranges ... now theyre out of season.
7. Complete these dialogues with the phrasal verb and
a pronoun.
e. g. A: Has Mary put her hat on?
B: Yes, shes put it on.
1. A: Who brought up the children?
B: Their uncle ... .
2. A: Did you cross out the wrong words?
B: No, the teacher ... .
3. A: When do we have to give in the homework?
B: We have to tomorrow.
4. A: Can you pick Sally up after school?
B: OK, Ill ... on my way home.
5. A: Children, can you put your toys away now please.
B: Cant we ... later?
6. A: Has somebody put the lights on?
B: I think Joes ... .
7. A: When did they knock down the cinema?
B: They several months ago.
8. A: Look at this skirt! How can I get the ink off?
B: I think the only way to ... is to take it to the cleaners.
9. A: Somebodys rubbed out my name.
B: Well, I havent ... .
10. A: Sally and Pete have broken off their engagement.
B: Oh! When did they ...?
8. Replace the words or phrases in italics by phrasal verbs.
Some of the sentences may sound awkward as they stand.
1. Can he give a good explanation for his extraordinary behaviour?
2. He mended the tyre of his bicycle and then filled it with air. 3. They
were having a violent quarrel but stopped suddenly when I came in.
4. The meeting was cancelled because of the flu epidemic. 5. If you
refuse to perform my orders youll be dismissed. 6. I dont think you
can overtake them; they left two hours ago. 7. Sherlock Holmes was
often able to solve a mystery without leaving his rooms in Baker Street.
8. I found a twenty-pound note by chance in the street. What should
I do with it? 9. If my scheme had succeeded, I should have made a
profit of a thousand pounds. 10. He recovered consciousness when the
doctor had applied artificial respiration. 11. He swore to revenge him-
self on me for the wrong I had done him. 12. Three thousand students
are candidates for the examination every year but very few pass.
13. My sister promised to sing at the concert and though she doesnt
want to now, she cant free herself from the obligation. 14. If cigarettes
get any dearer, I shall have to abandon the habit of smoking. 15. Pric-
es always increase; they never become less. 16. The police investigated
the case very thoroughly but finally said there was no suspicion of
foul play. 17. He started his journey in a great hurry. 18. He needs
more exercise; he should start playing tennis. 19. It is difficult to train
children well. 20. The train was delayed by fog and arrived late.
21.I waited for her for ages but she didnt come. 22. She is good at
languages. She learnt Spanish without effort in a few months. 23. It is
your responsibility to make success of your own life. 24. Dont walk on
the grass. 25. He dictated so quickly that his poor secretary couldnt
go as fast as he did. 26.1 hit him so hard that he fell unconscious.
27. If I dont punish you this time, will you promise never to do it
again? 28. She was very upset over her failure but now she is recover-
ing from it. 29. You mustnt omit the difficult sentences; do them all.
30. She kept asking me all the difficult words instead of searching for
them in a dictionary. 31. I took the children to the zoo today to com-
pensate for the party they missed yesterday. 32. Students of English
often confuse the words lie and lay. 33. If you dont allow me to
enter Ill break down the door. 34. The line was so bad when I tele-
phoned him that I couldnt understand what he said. 35. Will you take
care of the garden while I am in hospital? 36. I dont believe a word
of his excuse; Im sure he invented it. 37. Hes had the best doctors
available but he wont recover unless he has the will to live.
38. Be careful! The trees going to fall. 39. Never postpone till tomor-
row what you can do today. 40. He dressed himself in uniform for the
occasion. 41. He keeps hearing strange footsteps in the house, so he
has hired a private detective to investigate the matter. 42. Whenever
you are in Paris do go and visit my sister. 43. The Albert Hall was
erected in memory of Queen Victorias husband. 44. I cant offer hos-
pitality to you all because my flat is too small. 45. Suppose you tele-
phone the station and ask them. 46. She is in poor health after working
for three years without a break. 47. The village is so small that we are
always meeting our friends accidentally. 48. Peters leaving. Why dont
you apply for his job? 49. There is something wrong with the televi-
sion set; wed better summon an electrician. 50. Im feeling rather
tired today because I stayed out of bed later than usual last night.
51. He lost his reputation and all his money but he had good friends
and they continued to support and help him. 52. The father was thor-
oughly dishonest and the son resembles him. He has already been in
the courts for stealing. 53. He started playing golf as he thought it
would help him socially. 54. I used to believe his tall stories; now he
rarely succeeds in deceiving me. 55. It is silly to abandon a good job
like yours, just because you dont like the coffee in the canteen.
56. They rejected her application because they preferred a man for
the job. 57. Take a pencil and paper and calculate how long it will
take us to reach London from here. 58. He undertook evening work to
make some extra money but at the end of the year he was completely
exhausted, and had to abandon it. 59. The manager is to turn up be-
fore long and youd better be available for another half an hour.
60. I could hardly exchange a couple of words with him. A minute
later he was gone. 61. Well, weve been invited to. You are to decide.
62. You neednt worry about his absence. Hell be home before the
train starts. 63. When educating children we ought to implant in our
children a love of work. 64. You neednt come and collect your laun-
dry. It will be delivered to you. 65. When you are out will you go to the
Post Office and see if there are any letters for me? 66. They had to
cancel the meeting as the president was ill. 67. Having settled down in
the town the Woods began paying visits to their neighbours.
68. It usually takes me fifteen minutes to remove the dishes from the
table and wash up. 69. When summer set in Mr Brown removed all the
things from the veranda and put in camping beds for the children to
sleep in. 70. Lets go. We are behind as it is. 71. The article is too long.
Would you make it shorter by, say, 500 words? said the editor.
72. I was in the middle of telling him about my mothers letter when
we were disconnected. 73. Youll have to pay if you want to get your
flat painted and decorated. 74. We have heard that he quarrelled with
his family over some political issues and left for good. 75. Though the
picture was not a genuine Rembrandt, we liked it at once. 76. The
soup is boiling over. Will you reduce the gas, please? 77. They are sure
to engage him. He is a good worker. 78. You must get rid of this large
sideboard; it occupies too much room. 79. All the time of the lesson
was filled up with the discussion of three questions. 80. He invites her
to places nearly every evening. 81. Youd better take your prescription
to the chemist and hell compound the medicine. 82. You may think I
have invented this news. But I pass it on to you for what its worth.
83. Please continue your report. You shouldnt cut it down for my
sake. 84. The cardigan doesnt match your skirt. 85.1 searched for his
number in the telephone book. 86. In trying to avoid injuring the
children, the car collided with the bus. 87. When the guests are leav-
ing the host usually accompanies them to the door. 88. He tried to get
round me but I discovered his plan. 89. She promised to attend to the
food for the picnic and asked us to arrange about the tickets. 90. You
ought to start a laboratory going where you can carry on experiments.
91. She had a passion for gardening. It is her pastime now. 92. His of-
fence is grave this time and he wont escape punishment. 93. She is a
very agreeable person by nature and she is on good terms with every-
body. 94. He didnt want to go to the cinema but they begged so hard
that he yielded to their desire and went with them. 95. He returned all
the books he had borrowed. 96. Dont you try this game on me, you
wont deceive me. 97. I dont think I could ever get to like what is
called abstract art. 98. Why, havent you got connected? No, Ive
been trying for about an hour but got nowhere. 99. Dont worry
about the frog. It cant escape from the jar I put it in. 100. You should
be very careful with her. She is just recovering from a bad heart attack.
101. The girl certainly has winning ways, she persuaded everybody
beginning with the director himself. 102. He seemed so ungrateful for
anything we did that we have ceased trying to help him. 103. Whats
happening next door? 104. Work on the building had been delayed by
bad weather. 105. Little Hans could not make progress at an equal
pace with the miller who was riding a horse and soon Hans fell be-
hind. 106. Its like searching for a needle in a haystack. 107. Why
dont Peter and Polly make friends again? Theyd like to, but unfor-
tunately they cant remember what they quarrelled about. 108. Iwould
not advise young girls to apply cosmetics. The less make-up the better.
109. Im head over ears in work now and Id rather get them to post-
pone their visit to us. 110. Dress yourself in this woollen sweater.
It will keep out the cold. 111. When the firemen came the house was
all in flames and they could do nothing to extinguish the fire.
112. Hallo, shouted the man. Operator, will you connect me with
the hospital? 113. The plane had a forced landing as they had come
to the end of fuel. 114. At Hyde Park Corner Soames met by chance
George Forsyte, very sunburnt from racing. 115. I got to like him at
first sight. 116. If I were you I wouldnt take up this sport. You look
quite exhausted after every training. 117. Ann is someone I really re-
spect. 118. Im saving up to buy a new house. 119. The government
refused to yield to the demands of the terrorists. 120. We offered them
100,000 for the house but they refused our offer. 121.I cant calculate
how much the whole trip will cost. 122. When do you think your
book will be published? 123. The plane is going to leave the ground.
124. I think you invented this story. 125. I think Matthew and Emma
have quarrelled. 126. The traffic was delayed by road works.
9. Study and practise. Note the use of phrasal verbs.
Modern-Day Thieves Pick Up the Habits of the Past
In modern day York, thieves often throw away empty purses and
wallets. By observing this habit, archaeologists have cleared up a mys-
We often wondered why there were so many empty purses dat-
ing from the 13th century on this site, one of the archaeologists said,
Then suddenly we found out why.
Mr Nick Pearson, the senior archaeologist, said to reporters
yesterday: Every Monday when we came back to the site after going
away for the weekend, we found empty purses and wallets which had
been thrown over the fence round the site.
They had obviously been stolen from people in the area. The
thieves had run off and taken out the credit cards and cash, they didnt
want the purses and wallets, so they threw them away. It seems that
criminals havent changed much in 700 years!
Not Only Red in the Face
Ken Rose is a company director and he has to sit at a desk all
day. He likes to keep fit by running to work every morning. He arrives
at the office early, gets out of his shorts and vest and puts a business
suit on. Last week, Ken got to his office earlier than usual, dressed in
red shorts and a red vest. He had just put his shirt and tie on, when
the phone rang. Ken picked up the receiver and sat behind his desk.
A business colleague had called him up early. Could he see Ken later?
Could he bring someone round? Could they check over some figures?
Could they think of ways of cutting down expenses? Could they put
the meeting off till later in the week? Ken was writing some notes
when he noticed the time. It was after 9. Excuse me, Ken said,
Ill call you back. He had just put down the receiver when someone
knocked at the door. The managing director came into the room with
six important guests, Ah, Ken, he said, I want to introduce you to
our visitors and Id like you to show them round the company. Of
course, sir, Ken said and he got up to shake hands, forgetting he still
had his red shorts on!
Holiday Problems
Last month we decided to drive to Scotland for a few days, for
a short holiday. We were really looking forward to a quiet rest in the
country. Unfortunately, lots of things went wrong. First of all, the
car broke down just after we had left home, and we had to phone a
garage and then wait by the side of the road for hours. By the time
the car had been repaired, it was too late to go on, so we went home.
The next day we set off early to avoid the traffic, but we had forgotten
that it was a public holiday. Every single person in the country must
have had the same idea, so we found ourselves in a long traffic jam.
We decided that the best thing to do was to take a different road, and
look for a hotel.
First we got lost on a narrow country road, and then the car ran
out of petrol. Finally, we gave up and went home for the second time.
The Letter
The alarm clock rang loudly close to his head. He put out his
hand and turned off the alarm. For some moments he lay there, half-
awake. I must get up, he thought. Then he sat up, and lowered his
feet to the floor. He took off his pyjama jacket, put on his slippers,
walked over to the basin, and turned on the hot tap. He drew back the
curtains and looked out into the street. As he watched, the postman
came up the path and delivered the post. Quickly he turned off the
tap, slipped on his dressing-gown, and hurried downstairs. There was
a letter from Claire. He sat down on the bottom step and opened the
My dear, she began, after our conversation last week, this letter
will come as a surprise. I told you that I could look after myself, that
my career must come first, that I was looking for something, I didnt
know what; well, Ive changed my mind. I will marry you after all!
He sat there, at the bottom of the stairs, unable to grasp the full
truth. Suddenly the kitchen door opened, and his landlady came out
into the hall. Well, well, Mr Mitchell, she said, in her broad Irish ac-
cent, thats a strange place to read your mail, to be sure ... She broke
off, as she noticed how pale he looked, Not bad news I hope?
He looked at her for a moment, then a huge grin spread across
his face. No ... marvellous news, he said, Im going to get mar-
The Flood
The announcer wished everyone goodnight, and the picture
faded from the screen. Mr Barly stood up, turned off the television,
and looked round the room. Then he turned out the lights and went up
to bed. It was raining outside. He looked out across the road towards
the river.
If this rain continues, there could easily be a flood, he
He drew the curtains, took off his clothes, washed, put on his
pyjamas and got into bed.
Some hours later he awoke. He sensed that something was wrong.
It wasnt a noise that had woken him up, it was more the lack of any
noise at all. He got up, went over to the window, and looked down into
the garden. The rain had stopped. The night was still clear, and the
moon was nearly full. But the garden wasnt there any more, and the
road wasnt there; instead there was a lake, which stretched as far as
the eye could see, with odd trees and bushes sticking out of it here and
there. The house was completely cut off.
My goodness, he thought, I wonder what its like downstairs.
Dear Wendy,
Im sorry I missed you yesterday. I didnt get up until nine oclock
and, although I set off from home at half past nine, you had left when
I arrived. I do hope you didnt wait for me. I am very disappointed
because I wanted to talk to you and look at your old photographs. To
make matters worse, I took with me some of my photographs but I
lost them on the way to meet you. I was looking at them on the bus
and I remember putting them down/away when I opened my purse
and took out my money to pay my fare. Someone must have seen my
photographs and picked them up. I only hope they havent thrown
them away. I look forward to getting a letter or phone call from you
Dear Anna,
I am writing to you as we always seem to get cut off whenever we
talk to each other on the phone. Anyway, Im afraid I have to call
off our visit to the cinema as I have been asked to look after my baby
brother that evening. Can we possibly put it off until the end of the
I was glad to hear that you were not fined for parking outside the
city hall last week. I felt sure the police would let you off when you
explained everything to them.
This must be all for now. I do hope we can arrange to go out
another evening, especially as I feel very lonely now that I have broken
off with Jerry.
Dear Susie,
I hope you got on (managed) all right when you went to London
last week.
Yesterday I went on a school picnic. I got up very early and then
met my friends. We waited for over an hour before the coach turned
up. We found out later that the coach had set off half an hour late. The
driver was in such a hurry that he almost crashed into a car on the way.
Luckily, he pulled up in time. Then half-way to the beach we had a
puncture. What a day! We were all worn out and angry when we at last
got back home.
Write soon.
My Aunt
My aunts getting on for sixty, and shes always been a very dy-
namic sort of person, but recently shes started to behave in a rather
strange way. A few months ago she took up karate and judo, and now
shes taken to riding a powerful motorbike everywhere she goes. Last
week she turned up at my sisters birthday party dressed in a leather
jacket with Hells Angels written on the back. Ive come to liven
things up, she said, and immediately began dancing wildly to loud
rock music. My sister found it rather embarrassing. I wish shed act
her age, she said. She behaves as if she were sixteen rather than six-
ty. But it doesnt bother me at all. It takes all sorts to make a world.
My Cousin
The strangest person I know is my cousin. He was an only child,
and was used to being the centre of attention, so he tended to show off
a lot in front of other people. I cant say he changed very much when
he grew up. On his eighteenth birthday he shaved off all his hair and
started wearing a safety-pin through his nose. I suppose he thought
it would make him stand out in a crowd. He went to university but
dropped out after only one week he said he wanted to graduate from
the university of life. The last thing I heard, he was trying to join a
Mistake Search
On Friday morning at 8.00 a.m. Brian Hawkins went to work as
usual. He walked to the underground station, waited a few minutes
for his train on the crowded platform, and then got on. As usual he
had to put up with standing the whole way.
At Victoria, where a large number of passengers always change,
Brian felt someone push past him aggressively. It was a tall, well-
dressed young man. At first Brian couldnt work out what was hap-
pening and then he felt for his wallet. To his horror, he realised it
wasnt there and it had all his credit cards plus over 100 in cash.
Brian couldnt believe that he had been taken in by such an old trick.
He was furious. He certainly wasnt going to let this guy get away with
it that easily.
He tried to find out where the young man had gone. Finally he
saw him on the platform. He ran out of the train, grabbed the man
and pulled him back towards the train. The man tried to make out that
he didnt know what was going on.
Brian jumped back into the train just as the doors were closing.
The doors shut on the young mans coat, trapping him. A look of
panic crossed his face as the train started to move. The train slowly
accelerated and the young man had to run to keep up with the train.
Just as the train was leaving the station and the young man was about
to come off the end of the platform, he pulled himself away from the
train and fell backwards onto the platform.
That evening, when Brian got back home, he was about to tell his
wife the whole story, when she asked him how hed managed to get by
without any money.
What do you mean? Brian asked.
Well, you left your wallet here on the kitchen table when you
went to work this morning.
On the Way to Dallas
Gina: It was nice to run into your mother.
Frank: Yeah. Im sorry we cant stay for dinner.
Gina: Me too, but I really have to get back to Dallas. I dont want
to miss class.
Frank: I know. And I should go home and work on that report,
anyway. Its due on Monday and I still have to go to the
library to look for some information.
Gina: That reminds me. I have ten words to look up in the dicti-
onary. I have to find out their meanings and make up sen-
tences with them.
Frank: That doesnt sound like fun.
Gina: It isnt. But its a good way to learn vocabulary.
Frank: Shall we stop and get something to eat on the way home?
We could try out that restaurant we passed on our way here.
I hear they have good hamburgers and French fries.
Gina: Frank, you really should cut down on fried foods. Youre
getting fat.
Frank: I am not! Im in great shape. And did you know that Ive
kept up my jogging for over three months now?
Gina: Im only kidding about getting fat. But Im not kidding
about fried food. Its not good for you. Anyway, lets eat at
home. I dont really want to stop at a restaurant.
Frank: Fine. But first wed better stop at a gas station or well run
out of gas.
Refer to the conversation and match these two-word verbs
with the def initions on the right.
1. run into a. find information in a book
2. get back b. return
3. look for c. invent
4. look up d. decrease
5. find out e. meet by chance
6. make up f. test
7. try out g. find
8. cut down (on) h. discover information
9. keep up i. use all of something
10. run out (of) j. continue
Isnt It Good News?
Rachel: Ive found out what the problem is with the exam.
Vicky: Oh, good. Tell me.
Rachel: When they printed the papers, they left out a page. No one
noticed until the papers had all been sent out. Now theyll
have to throw away all the papers and put off the exam.
Vicky: Are you sure you havent made up this whole story?
Rachel: Its true, I tell you. And isnt it good news?
Vicky: I dont know about that. It means well have to go on/
carry on revising.
Bad News
Mr Collins is the sales manager, and Mr Franks his assistant.
Mr Collins: Ah, come in, Ive had a letter from head office I want
you to look at.
Mr Franks: It seems as if we really are going to have to cut down
on our sales force this time.
Mr Collins: The question is ... can we get away with making just
one of the reps* redundant?
Mr Franks: I hope so, but I dont think we can put off making
a decision any longer.
Mr Collins: Do you want to put forward any suggestions?
Mr Franks: You know my views. Theres only one of our reps Id
like to get rid of.
Mr Collins: Mr Welch?
Mr Franks: Of course. I ran out of patience with him a long time
Mr Collins: Have you looked through his sales record recently?
Mr Franks: Yes, his orders have been falling off steadily over the
last four years, and hes not prepared to put in any
extra effort at all. If you suggest it, he always tries
to get out of it.
Mr Collins: Right. I suppose Id better break the news to him.
* reps: representatives (salesmen)
Topic: Shopping
Wl: Woman 1 W2: Woman 2
Wl: Well, what do you think of this one?
W2: Mm. It doesnt really go with the colour of your jumper.
Why dont you try on the red skirt?
Wl: OK ... Goodness, I cant get into it. And if 1 do, I wont be
able to do the buttons up. Its no good. Ill have to go on a
W2: What about this one? I think this is fantastic! Youll look out
of this world in it.
Wl: Do you think so?
M: Man A: Shop assistant
A: Hello, can I help you?
M: Yes, please. Id like to try on these trousers.
A: Of course, sir. The changing rooms are just over there.
H: Husband W: Wife
W: Arent you going to get changed?
H: No, Im going like this.
W: You cant go looking like that.
H: Well Im not going to dress up just to have dinner with my
W: Thats not the point, that shirts filthy, and its worn out.
Look, its got holes in it. Take it off and put on that one I gave
you for Christmas.
W: Woman A: Shop assistant
W: Excuse me. I cant get my foot into this shoe. Can I try on a
size 6?
A: Im afraid youre out of luck, madam. Were completely out
of stock in that particular size.
1. Match the verbs in A with the def initions in B.
1. to take something off a. to dress oneself in clothes
or jewellery
2. to have (got) (something) on b. to put on a piece of clothing
to see if it fits and looks
3. to try something on c. to fasten something (a
button or a zip)
4. to wear out d. to be wearing a piece of
5. to dress up e. to remove clothes, to
6. to put something on f. to put clothes without
difficulty because they
arent too small
7. to do something up g. to wear smart clothes for a
special occasion
8. to get into something h. to become useless because
it has been used so often
2. Decide what you would say in the following situations. Use
the phrasal verbs in brackets.
1. Its very cold outside and your friend is about to leave without a
coat. What do you say?
(put on)
2. You have been invited to an important dinner party. You are not
sure if you need to wear very smart clothes or not. What do you
(dress up)
3. A man comes to your house to repair the TV. His shoes are very
dirty. You want him to remove them before he comes in. What do
you say?
(take off)
4. You are in a clothes shop and you see a nice pair of trousers. You
are not sure if they are the right size or if theyll suit you. What do
you say to the shop assistant?
(try on)
5. You cant fasten the button on your shirt. You ask for help. What
do you say?
(do up)
6. You look at your shoes and see there are holes in them. What do
you say?
(wear out)
7. You are trying to put on some shoes but they are too small for you.
What do you say?
(get into)
8. You saw a thief in a green jumper and blue jeans. The police ask
you what he was wearing. What do you say?
(have sth on)
How multi-word verbs work
off = removing clothes
Please come in and take your hat and coat off.
on = wearing clothes
Put on some thick gloves. Its very cold today.
Note: to help someone on with clothes = to help them
put clothes on
get sth on/off leave sth on/off put sth on take sth off
help sb on/off pull on/off slip on/off try on
3. Fill in the blanks in the conversation below, using a suitable
phrasal verb from the list above.
A: Id like a pair of brown shoes, please. Just like those on the shelf
over there.
B: Certainly, sir. What size are the shoes youve now?
A: Im not certain.
B: Well, why dont you ... your shoes ... and let me measure your
feet. Hold your foot straight out, sir. Ah, youll need size 8 shoes.
Would you like to ... this pair ... and see if theyre comfortable?
A: All right. Have you got a shoe horn?
B: Theres one here, sir, but Ill ... you ... with them.
A: Oh dear! They seem far too small.
B: ... them ... a moment and walk a few yards on the carpet. How do
you feel when you walk in them?
A: Terrible. They make my feet hurt. Oh dear, my feet seem to be
stuck in them!
B: Leave it to me. Im very strong. Just hold your right foot out and
Ill... the shoe ..., sir.
A: Ow!
4. Sally and Jane are staying in Barcelona and are planning to
do some shopping. Complete the dialogue with the correct
form of one of the verbs in the box.
find out, get off, look up, put on, run out of, set off,
take off, try on, work out
Sally: Have you ... worked out ... where the best shopping centre
Jane: Yes, I ... it ... in the guidebook. We can take the metro right
across the street and we ... at the fourth station.
Sally: By the way, Ive ... euros so well have to call at a bank.
Jane: We can go to the hotel reception and ... if theres a cash ma-
chine near here. What are you going to wear?
Sally: If were going to ... clothes, I think Ill wear a skirt. Its more
difficult to ... jeans and ... them ... all the time.
Jane: OK, as soon as youve changed we can ... .
5. Translate into English.
1. ? 2. -
. 3. ? 4.
. 5.
. 6. . 7.
. 8.
. 9. -
. 10. ,
Topic: Food
boil over Turn the heat down, please. The waters
boiling over.
chop up Those are too big. Chop the meat up into
smaller pieces.
cut down on sth Cut down on fried food if you want to lose
cut sth out The doctor advised Henry to cut all eggs out
of his diet.
dig in (slang) Heres the meal. I know youre very hungry,
so dig in.
dish (food) out Will you help me to dish the rice out to all
our guests?
dish (food) up The meals ready now. Shall I dish it up?
eat in Lets stay at home and eat in tonight. I dont
want to go out.
eat out Lets eat out tonight. Do you know any
good restaurants?
get through Do you think we can get through all this
(food, etc.) food?
rustle (a meal, She always manages to rustle up something
etc.) up to eat.
serve up Is everyone ready to eat? Can I serve the
food up now?
tuck in (informal) Tuck in, boys, he said when the meal was
tuck into (food, etc.) Sue sat down, smiled and at once tucked
into her dinner.
wolf (food) down You should eat slowly. You always wolf
everything down.
1. Complete the paragraph, using a suitable phrasal verb from
the list below.
chop up boil over put in tuck in
drop in jump up rustle up dish out
pour in cut up sit down take out
When I to see Joe, he asked me to stay for a meal. Ill soon ...
something ... for us, he said. I was about to sit down when he said,
Before you sit down, could you a saucepan and about two
litres of water? After he had put the water on the cooker, he and
began to tell me about all the dishes he could make. Suddenly he
and ran to the cooker. Oh dear! he cried. Youve let the water
! The next moment he turned to me again. Can you see a packet
of hot sour mix? he asked. I pointed to a small packet under his nose.
He took the lid off the saucepan, the hot sour mix and began to
stir vigorously. If you some small pieces of chicken, I can add
them to the soup, he said, handing me a knife. After the soup had
been cooking for twenty minutes or so, Joe then asked me to wash
some lettuce and ... it ... . Now the soup in those small bowls
and serve it with the chopped lettuce, he told me. Then and
enjoy the soup Ive made!
2. You have a friend who is becoming overweight. What ad-
vice would you give them about food and eating? (Use a
phrasal verb containing cut in your answer.)
3. Complete the conversation, using phrasal verbs from the
list at the beginning of this unit. Use a different verb in each
A: Shall we tonight?
B: No, lets I just feel like staying at home.
A: But have we got enough food for a meal?
B: Yes, I can soon something you like. Why dont you watch TV
while I do the cooking?
(30 minutes later)
B: Its ready. Shall I ... it ... now?
A: Yes, please. This programmes almost over.
B: Good. Here it is, so ... . Its chicken your favourite.
A: Youve given me too many potatoes. I dont think I can ... ... them
all. Take some off my plate and have them yourself.
B: No, thanks. Im trying to potatoes. Ive got to lose weight.
Anyway, Im sure you can eat it all. You usually ... ... everything
on your plate.
A: Yes, but its different tonight. I ate some chocolates while you
were cooking!
How multi-word verbs work
The particle up can be used with some verbs to give the idea of com-
Wed better drink up. The bar closes in five minutes.
In this sentence, drink up = finish drinking. Several verbs use up in
this way.
eat up tidy up wash up dry up clean up clear up
4. Use the multi-word verbs above to correct the following
1. Look at all these dirty dishes. I really dont feel like doing them.
Could you eat them up? 2. My room looks like a bomb hit it. I cant
find anything. I must dry it up. 3. Tidy up all your vegetables or you
wont grow big and strong, my mother used to tell me. 4. After the
party her friends offered to help her wash up the mess. 5. Ill wash the
dishes if you clean them up.
5. What is the general meaning of the particle up when used
with the group of verbs below?
1. I felt so angry that I tore up the letter. 2. The workmen have start-
ed to dig up the road. 3. Lets make a model castle; we can cut up
the cardboard. 4. We can all have a piece of cake if we divide it up.
5. Mr White is in the yard chopping up wood. 6. The ship went on the
rocks in the storm and broke up. 7. Hes smashed up his new car.
6. Translate into English.
1. - . 2. . -
. 3. . 4. ,
. 5.
. 6. ,
. 7. . 8. -
. 9. . . 10.
Topic: Holidays. Travelling
Getting Away from It All
I: Interviewer J: Jean
I: Hello. I work for Sun Tour holidays and Im interviewing people
about their last holiday. Would you mind answering a few ques-
tions for our survey?
J: No, not at all.
I: Thank you. Firstly, could you tell me about your travel arrange-
ments? Did you experience any difficulties in reaching your des-
J: Well, our plane didnt take off on time. It was delayed five hours,
so we didnt get to Cyprus until three in the morning and we were
very tired when we got there. But there was a coach at the airport
waiting to pick us up and it dropped us off at the hotel in time for
breakfast, so that was all right.
I: And how was the hotel?
J: Well, we were a little disappointed with the room. It didnt have a
balcony and it looked out onto some rather ugly, noisy streets, but
the beach was just a stones throw away it only took us a couple
of minutes to get there.
I: And how important are holidays to you?
J: Oh, we always look forward to going on holiday. We always make
sure we get away at least once a year.
I: Interviewer A: Andy
I: Could you tell me first about your travel arrangements? Did you
have any problems with them?
A: We had no problems flying out, but coming back was awful. We
checked out of the hotel early Saturday morning and set off for the
airport by taxi. We were supposed to get back to London in the
afternoon, but our plane didnt touch down until Sunday at four in
the morning, so we were absolutely worn out when we got home.
I: Oh, and why was there such a delay?
A: Technical difficulties, they said. Something wrong with the en-
I: And apart from that, how was the rest of the holiday?
A: Oh, it was great. I took up windsurfing and I want to go back and
do it again next year.
I: And how important are holidays to you?
A: I think theyre important. You need a change, you need to see
somewhere different. Travel broadens the mind, doesnt it?
I: Interviewer S: Susan
I: And what was your last holiday like?
S: Marvellous, absolutely marvellous. We went to Rome and we met
up with some very nice people from Manchester. We looked round
the city together and saw all the sights the Colosseum and St.
Peters ... And on the way back to England we stopped off in Paris
and spent a couple of days there. We had a marvellous time.
I: And how important are holidays to you?
S: Oh, its good to get away from it all and forget all your worries and
problems, even if its only for a few days.
I: Interviewer S: Sheila
I: So could you tell me about your last holiday?
S: It was a complete disaster, and it was a pity, because I was really
looking forward to it. The plane didnt take off on time it was
delayed six hours! The flight was awful I suffered from air-sick-
ness all the way. My hotel room was small and dirty. I complained
about it to the manager and I insisted on having a different room,
and I even succeeded in getting one, but it was just the same!
I: Goodness, it sounds terrible.
S: I was really disappointed with the beach it was ugly and miles
from the hotel. No, the whole thing was a complete disaster. In
the end I couldnt wait to get back home.
I: So you werent at all satisfied with your holiday?
S: No, I wasnt. Id never go back there again!
I: And how important are holidays to you?
S: Very. I love visiting beautiful places. Thats why I was so angry
about the holiday and with the man who booked it for me.
I: Yes, Im sure you were. Which company did you book your holi-
day with?
S: Sun Tour Holidays.
I: Oh...
1. Match the verbs in A with the def initions in B.

1. to take off a. to leave a hotel after paying the bill
2. to pick someone up b. to break ones journey for a short time
3. to drop someone off c. to leave the ground and begin flying
4. to get away d. to walk round a place in order to see
what it is like
5 to check out e. to have a holiday
6. to set off f. to drive someone where they want to go
and leave them there
7. to get back g. to begin a journey
8. to touch down h. to collect someone by car or coach, to
stop and give someone a lift
9. to look round i. to land after a flight (somewhere)
10. to stop off j. to arrive back at the place you started
2. Decide what you would say in each situation, using multi-
word verbs from this unit. The f irst sentence has been done
for you.
1. You are at the airport and you want to know what time the plane
departs. What do you say?
e.g. What time does the plane take off?
2. You are going on a coach trip with some friends and you want to
know what time it starts. What do you say?
3. Your friend is giving you a lift in her car. You want her to let you
out at the station. What do you say?
4. Your friend is going out and you want to know what time she will
return. What do you say?
5. You want your friend to collect you by car at 6.00 oclock. What
do you say?
6. You are staying at a hotel and you want to know what time you
have to vacate your room. You go to the receptionist. What do
you say?
7. You are on a plane flying to Madrid and you want to know what
time the plane lands. What do you say?
8. You are going to Oxford to see a play and you want to know if
there will be time to see the town. What do you say?
9. You are on your way home with a friend. You want to suggest that
you both go into a bar for a drink. What do you say?
10. Last summer you did extra work for your boss instead of going on
holiday. He asks you if you would like to do the same thing this
year. You think you need to have a holiday this summer. What do
you say?
3. You are on holiday in Rhodes. Your travel representative
leaves you a note giving details of an excursion to the
nearby island of Symi. Fill in the missing words.
Trip to the island of Symi
Hi there!
The arrangements for tomorrows trip to the island of Symi are
as follows:
The coach will ... us ... at 7.00 a.m. outside the post office so
remember to set your alarm clock! It will take us to Rhodes harbour
and then well catch the ferry to the island of Symi. When we get
there, another coach will ... us ... and take us to the main town. We
will have about two hours to ... the shops and have lunch.
At 3.00 p.m. well... for the village of Pixos. At 5.00 well catch
the ferry again and well ... to Rhodes harbour at about 7.00. Another
coach will ... us ... and well ... somewhere for a meal on the way
The coach will ... us ... at the post office around 10.00, so youll
probably ... to your apartment about 10.15.
See you tomorrow,
4. Complete the following story by choosing the second word
of each phrasal verb.
We were looking forward to/on our holiday but the night before we
were going to leave we stayed down/up talking until about three
oclock. We didnt hear the alarm clock so we got up/in late and we
were late getting to the airport. When we went to check in/up, we
were lucky because some passengers hadnt shown up/out so there
were still some seats left. When we got on the plane, Tim was a bit
nervous because he hadnt flown before but I gave him a pill and that
calmed him down/out. The cabin crew told us to turn in/off our mo-
biles. Then the lights went up/off and Tim thought something was
wrong but I pointed out/up that they always do that before the plane
takes out/off. When we got to Rome we went to pick up/off our cases.
Mine was one of the first to come out, but Tims didnt appear. We
hung about/up for a long time but it didnt turn out/up. We went
to an office to report it and Tim had to fill in/on all his details on a
form. After several phone calls it turned out/up that Tims case was
in Athens. Luckily we got it back that same evening. As soon as it ar-
rived, Tim pulled out/off his sweaty clothes, had a cold shower and
put in/on a clean shirt and trousers. We were just in time to go and
have dinner.
How multi-word verbs work
The particle back is often used with verbs to give the meaning of
someone or something returning to the place where he/she/it was
What time will you be back tonight?
It can also be used to give the idea of reciprocating an action, that is,
repeating a similar action.
Ive received a letter inviting us to a party. Shall I write back and
accept the invitation?
5. Work with your partner. Look at the verbs below and think
of sentences to illustrate what they mean. Say if the verbs
have the idea of returning or repeating a similar action (re-
ring/phone/call someone back give something back walk back
put something back drive (someone) back shout back
pay something back take something back fly back
play something back send something back turn back
away/off = towards another place, from here to there
Were going away on holiday tomorrow.
The small boy threw a stone at the window and ran off.
I dont want to see you again. Go awayl
Note: Away suggests for a long time or for ever.
drive away /off, frighten sb away/off
run away, fly away, go away (and not come back soon)
throw sth away, take sth away
run off, fly off, go off (but not go far)
6. Look at the pictures below and write answers to the ques-
1. Why dont you apologise to Mr Talbolt?
I cant. Hes driven off.
2. Have you still got your parrot?
3. Wheres your dog?
4. What shall I do with the rest of the cake?
5. What are they doing with the furniture?
6. Are Mr and Mrs Rosario in?
7. Translate into English.
1. ? 2. .
3. . 4. .
5. . 6.
10 . 7. 7 . 8. , -
, () . 9. -
, . 10.
, , .
Topic: Travelling. Traff ic
break down The bus has broken down. We have
to get out and walk.
drive off/away Ann drove off after the accident
without telling the police.
drive on Dont stop here. Drive on to the
next garage.
fill (a petrol tank) up Ive got very little petrol left. Id better
fill up at the next garage.
go through (traffic lights) Look at that car. It went through the
red lights.
knock sb/sth down The bus has just knocked poor Dan-
ny down.
pull in/over The police signalled to me to pull
in / over and stop at the side of the busy
pull out Dave suddenly pulled out into the
middle of the road.
pull up Ill pull up here so you can get out of
the car.
slow down Youre going too fast. Slow down!
speed up Were crawling. Can you speed up a
little or Ill be late.
1. Fill in the blanks in the questionnaire below. (Note that most
of the phrasal verbs used are concerned with travelling and
are in the list above, but a few other common phrasal verbs
are also used.)
1. The car you are travelling in breaks .... Do you
a) get... and walk?
b) try to repair it?
) ring ... the nearest garage?
2. It is dark, and you have just got into your car. What is the first
thing you do?
a) Start the engine.
b) Turn the headlights ...
) Fasten your seat belt.
3. You accidentally knock someone ..., but you dont think the per-
son is badly injured. Do you
a) slow ... to see they are all right and then drive ...?
b) pull ..., give them first aid and then go to the nearest tele-
) pick the person ... and drive ... to the nearest hospital?
4. You get in your car and you are about to leave. Do you first
a) look in your rear mirror to make sure there are no cars be-
b) put your hand ... and pull... into the middle of the road?
c) switch ... your indicator and then drive ... slowly?
5. You have some petrol but not a lot, and you see a petrol station.
Do you
a) drive ... and try to get to your destination?
b) slow ... and look out for the next petrol station?
) pull... and fill...?
6. The lights are changing from green to amber. Do you
a) pull ...?
b) speed ... and go straight ... them?
) slow ... a little but drive ...?
Now answer the questions to find out how good a driver you are. Then
check your answers using the scores below.
1. A1 B3 C2 16 18 points = You are probably a very good
2. A2 B1 C3 12 15 points = You are an average driver.
3. A1 B3 C2 Below 12 points = Dont go near a car!
4. A3 B1 C2
5. A1 B2 C3
6. A3 B1 C2
check (sth) in Lets check our luggage in first and then have
a coffee.
see sb off All Annas friends went to the station to see
her off.
set off Lets set off early and then we can arrive
before lunch.
take off The plane took off a few minutes after wed
got on.
hold sb/sth up Our flight was held up by the airport workers
(often passive) strike.
2. Complete the conversation, using a suitable phrasal verb
which means the same as the verb or phrase in italics.
A: What time did you ... from home this morning?
B: We left at half past six.
A: How long did it take you to get to the airport?
B: Only half an hour. We reached the airport at seven.
A: Did you as soon as you arrived?
B: Yes, we handed in our tickets and gave in our luggage then.
A: Did anyone go with you to ... you ...?
B: Yes, my brother came with us to say goodbye.
A: What time did your plane ?
B: It didnt leave until half past nine, so we had plenty of time to
A: But I thought it should have left at ten past eight. Why was
it ?
B: It was the fog that delayed us. We were very lucky to be able to
How multi-word verbs work
up = towards, as far as
The small boy ran up to his mother and burst into tears.
come up drive up run up walk up
3. Complete the paragraph, using a suitable phrasal verb from
the list above. Use each verb once only and put it in its cor-
rect form.
Ted Short is a trainee policeman. Yesterday was his first day on duty,
and he had to patrol the town all day. For several hours nothing at all
happened. Eventually, however, a young woman slowly to him
and asked the way to the nearest hospital. A minute later a man
and said hed been robbed. At the same time a car , and the
driver reported an accident. Ted was amazed. Nothing had happened
all day, and then three people had ... to him within a few minutes.
4. Translate into English.
1. . 2. . 3.
? 4. . 5.
. 6. ? 7. -
. 8. ?
9. , . .
10. . 11. -
My Nightmare Journey
The worst journey I have ever made was the time when I had to
go to London for a job interview. I was living in York, in the north of
England, at the time and my car was under repair. I planned to go
by train, but a friend called Martin said, No, dont go by train. You
know how unreliable they are. They never run on time. Im going to
London next week, so I can give you a lift. I told him I had to be at
the interview by 3.00 oclock without fail. He assured me we would
arrive in time. Dont worry, he said. Well be there in no time.
The following weekend Martin picked me up at 8.30 a.m. He said
his alarm clock hadnt gone off and he had overslept, so we set off later
than we had planned. My mother was quite excited by the idea of my
going to London for an interview, and she came to the front door to
see us off. Unfortunately, it was the rush hour, and we were held up
in a traffic jam for the next thirty minutes, but eventually the road
was clear and we headed for the motorway. I noticed we were short of
petrol and pointed this out to Martin.
Arent we going to run out of petrol quite soon? I said. No, dont
worry, theres plenty left, he said. Five minutes later the car came to
a standstill. We were out of petrol. Martin told me not to worry and
said he was sure there was a petrol station somewhere nearby. He got
out of the car and walked off. Much to my surprise, he came back ten
minutes later with a can full of petrol. He put the petrol in the tank,
got in, and we drove off. I felt more relaxed now, and thought that ev-
erything would be all right. Two miles later the car broke down.
I didnt panic, but I could feel the nervous tension building up in
my stomach. Dont worry, he said, I know whats wrong with it. Ill
fix it in no time at all. An hour later he was still under the car trying
to repair it - but without success. Then another car pulled up next to
us and the driver asked if we needed any help. He asked where we
were heading for, and when we told him, he pointed out we were go-
ing in the wrong direction. He repaired the car, we thanked him for
helping us, and we set off again. I dont know how it happened, but
instead of arriving in London we ended up in Manchester.
Martin told me not to worry. He said he knew a quick route to
London from Manchester that would reduce our journey time by half.
This sounded too good to be true, but I tried to believe him. He said
that if we drove fast, we would make up for lost time. To some extent
this was true, because he did drive faster, but unfortunately a police
car caught up with us and told us to pull over to the side of the road.
The policeman fined him for speeding and we drove off. We contin-
ued our journey. We were near London when it started to rain.
Martin switched on the windscreen wipers, but we couldnt see
the road very well. A few minutes later we couldnt make out anything
because the rain was so heavy. I warned him about the dangers of
driving on wet roads, but instead of slowing down, he speeded up. He
said it was getting late. Fortunately, we finally found the street where
my interview was to take place. Martin turned to me and said, Better
late than never. As he said this, a car pulled out in front of us with-
out warning. Martin managed to swerve just in time to avoid hitting
it but he ran into a parked car instead. The parked car was beyond
repair it was a complete write-off.
Martin got out of the car and told the other driver he was respon-
sible for the accident. The other driver blamed Martin for what had
happened. I left them arguing and went in for my interview. I apolo-
gized for being five minutes late, but they said it was all right because
the interviewer hadnt arrived yet. When he came in, I recognized
him it was the man who had pulled out in front of us. I didnt get
the job.
1. Match the verbs in A with the def initions in B.
1. to break down a. to manage to see or read something
2. to pull over b. to have no more of something
3. to hold someone/ c. to find yourself in a place or situati-
something up on that you had not intended
4. to pull out d. to delay someone or something
5. to see someone off e. to move or travel towards some-
6. to end up somewhere f. to stop working because of mecha-
nical failure (of a vehicle or ma-
7. to pull up g. to accompany someone to a place
of departure and say goodbye
8. to head for somewhere h. to slow down and stop a vehicle
9. to run out i. to drive a vehicle into a different or
(of something) faster lane (in order to overtake)
10. to make something out j. to move a vehicle closer to the side
of the road either to stop or to allow
other vehicles to pass
2. Read the sentences. Then say the sentences again, using
the multi-word verb prompts.
1. You look in the fridge and see there is no milk. What do you say?
(run out of)
Weve run out of milk.
2. You arrive late for a meeting because you were delayed in a traffic
jam. What do you say?
(hold up)
Im sorry, Im late. I was held up in a traffic jam.
3. You want to know if your parents will come with you to the air-
port to say goodbye when you leave. What do you say to them?
(see off)
Will you see me off at the airport?
4. Your friend is reading a letter but the handwriting is not very clear.
She asks you to try and read one of the words for her. You try but
you cant. What do you say?
(make out)
Im sorry, I cant make it out.
5. You are talking to someone at a motorway restaurant. He tells
you he is driving north. You want to know what his destination is.
What do you say?
(head for)
Where are you heading for?
6. Youre in a taxi and you want the driver to stop outside the bank.
What do you say?
(pull up)
Can you pull up outside the bank, please?
7. Youre in your car on the motorway and it stops working. You
phone a garage for help. What do you say?
(break down)
My car has broken down on the motorway. Can you help me,
8. You want the driver of another car to move his car closer to the
side of the road so that you can pass in your car. What do you
(pull over)
Can you pull over, please?
9. You are in your friends car and you see another car begin to move
out in front of you. You want to warn your friend. What do you
(pull out)
Watch out! That cars going to pull out!
10. You are in your friends car and your friend isnt driving very
carefully. You are frightened the journey will end with you both in
hospital. What do you say?
(end up)
If you dont drive more carefully, well end up in hospital.

Make up your own sentences using the same phrasal verbs.

How multi-word verbs work
The particle up can be used with some verbs to give the idea of an
increase in quantity or intensity.
We must hurry up or were going to be late.
Instead of slowing down, he decided to speed up.
3. Complete the following sentences with multi-word verbs
that use the particle up.
1. I cant hear the radio. Can you ... , please? 2. The cost of living is ...
all the time. 3. Im afraid this is a very bad line and I cant hear what
youre saying. Can you ... , please? 4. This soup isnt very hot. Shall I
... ? 5. Youre still very weak after your illness. I think you need to ...
your strength before you go back to work. 6. The airline company was
losing money, so it was forced to ... prices.
4. What is the general meaning of the particle off in the follow-
ing sentences?
1. The plane was meant to leave at 6.00 but it didnt take off until
9.00 a.m. 2. At the end of the film the two lovers got into a boat and
sailed off into the sunset. 3. The small boy took my purse from my
bag and ran off before I could catch him. 4. The next morning we
set off on our journey to see the Himalayas. 5. I would like to jump
on a plane and fly off to somewhere exotic and warm. 6. He jumped
onto his horse and rode off at speed. 7. He gave me the money for the
books but he walked off before I could give him his change. 8. The
thieves made off when they saw a policeman. 9. The policeman got
into his car and drove off.
5. Translate into English.
1. . 2.
. 3. ? 4.
. 5. -
. 6. - (the wild driver)
. 7.
- . 8. , . 9. -
Breaking Down
Mary: Steve ... John ... at last! Come in ... give me your coats.
So ... you finally got here!
Steve: Yes. Were so sorry. We really did set off early as planned.
Mary: Well, what happened then? Why are you so late?
Steve: Basically, a series of disasters. First of all, Id agreed to pick
John up on the way and he wasnt ready of course!
Mary: Typical!
John: Hey, thats not fair. That wasnt the only thing that made
us late. In case youd forgotten, we ran out of petrol, just
outside Lincoln. Now that certainly wasnt my fault.
Steve: OK, OK ... as it happens I forgot to fill up last night. In
fact I went to the garage especially to get petrol but when I
got home I realised Id bought my cigarettes but no petrol.
Well, we all make mistakes!
John: Yes, you certainly do. It was really embarrassing. We were
in this really narrow country road. There was nowhere to
pull up out of the way of the traffic, so we just had to stop in
the middle of the road! We held up all the other traffic for
well over half an hour.
Steve: Yes, well, I really did try and make up the lost time after
that. I didnt want to be late. I mean its not every day
youre twenty-one.
Mary: So, was the rest of the journey OK?
John: Not at all. That was just the beginning! The next thing that
happened was when we were going through this small vil-
lage ...
Steve: Oh yes ... do you mean when that child ran out into the
road in front of us?
John: Thats right ... I was sure you were going to run her over.
Steve: Me too. How I managed to stop in time I will never know.
Mary: Goodness me. How awful! Was she all right?
Steve: Oh yes, she was fine. But you can imagine the kind of state
I was in.
Mary: Yes. You must have felt terrible.
John: And thats not all!
: Oh no, there surely isnt more?
Steve: Would you believe it, but we were almost here when the car
broke down.
John: What do you mean almost here, weve been walking for
the last half an hour in the pouring rain!
: Well, dont just stand there ... come and have a drink. You
look like you both need one!
John: You can say that again. Is there any birthday cake left?
Mary: Yes I think so, but youll have to be quick!
1. Focus on phrasal verbs.
1. We really did set off early as planned.
2. Id agreed to pick John up on the way.
3. We ran out of petrol,
4. I forgot to fill up last night.
5. There was nowhere to pull up.
6. We held up all the other traffic.
7. I really did try and make up the lost time.
8. I was sure you were going to run her over.
9. We were almost here when the car broke down.
2. Make up complete and grammatical sentences from the
e.g. We / set off / tomorrow / weeks holiday / Wales
We are setting off tomorrow for a weeks holiday in Wales.
1. I/pick you up/station/8.30 pm tomorrow evening.
2. He/fill up/car/before/they go/the journey yesterday.
3. John, we/run out/milk/again!/That is/third time/this week.
4. Look!/large black car/pull up/in front/our house.
5. We/hold up/several hours/the airport/because of/bomb scare.
6. He promised/make up /lost time/working/his holidays.
7. I/never/actually/run anybody over/but/I/do/once/hit/cyclist.
8. If/car/break down again/I/sell it.
3. Answer these questions using the phrasal verbs in brac-
e.g. Do you have any problems with your car? (break down)
Generally no, but it sometimes breaks down in very
cold weather.
1. Why are you so late? (hold up) 2. Is there any petrol in the car?
(fill up) 3. How are you going to get home after the party? (pick up)
4. How are you going to get to London by 10 am? (make up) 5. What
are you looking at? (pull up) 6. I thought you said you were going to
be late. Youre the first one to arrive. (set off) 7. Have you ever had
an accident? (run over) 8. Have you got any more orange juice? (run
How multi-word verbs work
4. What is the general meaning of the particle over in all the
examples below?
1. The wind was so strong it blew over the garden wall. 2. As he ente-
red the room he tripped over and fell onto the floor. 3. The car knocked
over a man on a bicycle. 4. She placed her bicycle carefully against
the wall but it fell over. 5. Our car was run over by a lorry last week.
6. The little girl pushed him over and he fell onto some glass.
5. Have you ever been on a disastrous car journey? Prepare
to talk about one, either real or imaginary. Remember to in-
clude any phrasal verbs from this or other units that are
Topic: Hotel
A Narrow Escape
A blaze swept through a hotel in London yesterday, leaving dam-
age estimated at 200,000. Some of the residents staying in the hotel
at the time were able to escape via the roof onto adjoining premises.
At present it is not known how the fire started. It seems the fire
broke out in the early hours of the morning. The fire alarm went off
at around 2.00 a.m. It is thought it was set off by smoke coming from
one of the bedrooms on the first floor. The fire spread quickly from
the first floor to the second floor. The fire brigade were called in im-
mediately, and firefighters were on the scene within fifteen minutes,
but by this time the hotel was already in flames. They fought the blaze
and managed to get it under control, though it took them two hours
to put the fire out.
Senior Fire Officer Mike Jones, who was in charge of the op-
eration, said, Its a miracle no one was hurt. We had to break down
several doors to rescue some of the residents from their rooms. Our
people did a wonderful job. Two of them are suffering from smoke
inhalation, but it doesnt look too serious at the moment.
Mrs Lunnon, a resident, said, I never want to go through an ex-
perience like that again. Everywhere was on fire. Im just so relieved
the firefighters succeeded in getting to us so quickly. Without their
help we wouldnt have got out.
Another resident, Mr Dale, said, I heard the alarm go off and
then people started screaming. It was very frightening. My wife and
I had a narrow escape. We managed to get out of the building just in
time as we left the third floor it burst into flames! We could hear
people calling out for help, but we couldnt do anything to help
The hotel manager said, The fire probably started by accident.
Perhaps someone was smoking in bed, forgot to put out their ciga-
rette, and accidentally set fire to the bedclothes. Some people are
very careless, and things can catch fire very easily.
A policeman said, We will be looking into the causes of the fire.
We think it started by accident, though at this stage we dont want to
rule anything out.
1. Match the verbs in A with the def initions in B.

1. to break out a. to cause something to start
working or happening
2. to go off b. to experience or suffer some-
thing unpleasant
3. to set something off c. to begin suddenly, usually some-
thing unpleasant
4. to call someone in/out d. to leave, to escape
5. to put something out e. to exclude something, to decide
something is impossible
6. to go through something f. to shout loudly in order to
attract someones attention
7. to get out (of somewhere) g. to extinguish something, to stop
something burning
8. to call out h. to ask someone professional to
come and provide help
9. to look into something i. to operate, making a sudden
loud noise
10. to rule something out j. to investigate something
2. Read the sentences. Then say the sentences again, using
the multi-word verb prompts. The f irst one has been done
for you.
1. Can you extinguish that cigarette, please?
(put out)
Can you put out that cigarette please?
2. The alarm bell started ringing.
(go off)
3. I shouted his name loudly but he didnt hear me.
(call out)
4. The police are investigating the accident.
(look into)
5. Come quickly a fire has started!
(break out)
6. He experienced a lot of pain.
(go through)
7. He started the fire alarm by accident.
(set off)
8. The government has said that tax cuts are not possible.
(rule out)
9. The prisoners escaped through the window.
(get out)
10. I think we should ask for the help of a doctor.
(call in)
How multi-word verbs work
1. The particle out can be combined with verbs to indicate move-
ment from somewhere inside to somewhere outside (to get out,
to check out of somewhere, to go out), or to a location outside the
home (to move out).
Say what you think the following multi-word verbs mean, and
give examples of when you would use them.
to eat out to invite someone out to camp out
stay out to take someone out
2. The particle out can also be used with verbs to give the idea of
excluding something (to rule something out, to cut something out).
Say what you think the following multi-word verbs mean and give
examples of when you would use them.
to cross something out
to rub something out
to leave someone/something out
3. Translate into English.
1. ,
. 2. ,
() . 3.
, () . 4. -
. 5. . 6. -
. 7.
, . 8.
. 9. ,
Topic: Flat
Looking Round a Flat
EA: Estate agent A: Ann
EA: Well, this is the flat. Its vacant at the moment. Im afraid the
previous owners didnt look after it very well, so its not in per-
fect condition.
A: Mmm ...
EA: As you can see, its in need of some decoration and repair.
There are four rooms altogether: kitchen, living room, bed-
room, and bathroom. This is the living room. It hasnt been
decorated recently.
A: Yes, it certainly needs doing up ... . All the wallpaper is co-
ming off the walls, and its very cold and damp. How is the
flat heated?
EA: Well, theres an open fireplace, but it could be taken out and
central heating could be put in.
A: Mmm ... Its not very large. I suppose I could put up some
shelves for books and things. Do the carpets come with the
EA: Yes, though as you can see, they are rather old and dont add
much value to the property.
A: Yes, I agree. I think they all need throwing out, to be honest.
Whats that up there? Is that a hole in the ceiling?
EA: Oh, yes. Im afraid it is. I didnt notice that the last time I was
A: Well, that will definitely need seeing to before it does any dam-
age to the property.
EA: Yes, of course. But I do think the flat has potential. It could
look very good if its done up nicely.
A: Well, Im certainly interested. Obviously Ill need to talk it
over with my husband. You say its vacant. Does that mean we
could move in immediately?
EA: Yes, the flats empty so you could move in when youre ready.
A: Well, Ill certainly think it over and if we decide to make an
offer Ill call you tomorrow. Thank you for showing me round
the flat.
EA: No trouble, Mrs Jones. We hope to hear from you tomorrow
then. Goodbye.
A: Goodbye.
1. Read the sentences. Then agree with them, using the multi-
word verb prompts. The f irst one has been done for you.
1. This room looks terrible. It really needs decorating.
(do up)
Yes, it needs doing up.
2. Look, the wallpaper isnt sticking to the walls.
(come off)
3. That fireplace is very ugly. We could remove it.
(take out)
4. The flat doesnt have any central heating. We must install it.
(put in)
5. There are no shelves or cupboards. We could fix some to the
(put up)
6. Theres a lot of rubbish in this room. It needs putting in the dust-
(throw out)
6. The cooker doesnt work. It needs repairing.
(see to)
8. We must discuss this before we decide.
(talk over)
9. We could start living here immediately.
(move in)
10. We must consider it carefully before we decide.
(think over)
put something in put something up see to something
talk something over throw something out do something up
take something out come off think something over
move in
2. Replace the words in italics in the sentences below with the
multi-word verbs in the box.
1. Nothing has been done to this flat for a long time. It needs new
curtains and a new carpet. The doors and walls also need paint-
ing. It needs ... (decorating/renovating).
2. The wallpaper was very old and ... (wasnt sticking to/ attached to)
the walls.
3. The fireplace was old and ugly, so they ... (removed it).
4. The house was cold and damp, so they had central heating ...
5. There was nowhere to put any books, so they decided to ... (fix in
place) some shelves.
6. The carpets were old and full of holes, so he ... (disposed of them
by putting them in the dustbin).
7. There was a serious problem with the roof. The rain was com-
ing in and making everything wet. It needed ... (repairing/ dealing
with) immediately.
8. Before I make a decision I need to talk to my husband about it
and see what he thinks. I must ... (discuss it) with him.
9. We would like to ... (start living there) as soon as possible.
10. Its a good idea, but I need time to ... (consider it carefully) before
I make a decision.
How multi-word verbs work
off = separated, detached from
I cant open the door now. Who broke the handle off?
on = attached to, part of
Can you glue the dolls hand on?
break sth off fall off put sth on stay on
come off pull sth off screw sth on stick sth on
cut sth off take sth off sew sth on tie sth on
3. Fill in the blanks with verbs from the list below and on
or off.
stay stick screw put pull tie take sew break come
1. A: Oh dear. One of my buttons has .
B: Dont worry. Ive got a needle and thread. I can ... it ... for
2. A: Oh no! Ive knocked this jug and the handle has ... ... .
B: Try using this glue to ... it ... .
3. A: Someones ... the door handle ... .
B: Dont worry. Ill ... it... again.
4. A: What do I do after Ive ... this wheel ...?
B: Take the spare wheel out of the boot and ... that ... .
5. A: The lid wont the container.
B: Why dont you ... it ...?
4. What is the general meaning of the particle in when used
with the group of verbs below?
1. Jeremy came in looking worried. 2. He nearly knocked me over in
his eagerness to get in the house. 3.