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Catalogue of steel grades



420 ,
300 , , , , , , , ,
.
:
- -100 100
( 100 ),
. ,
-
;
- -100, 100
( 32 );
- -50, 50 ,
( 15 ),
- ;
- -12, 12 ,
( 15 );
- - ( 18 ),

;
-
(VD) , 1 . .
- -
;
- 20 ,
75 , 100 , 130 .

Arc- furnace melting production


The production capabilities of Energomashspetsstal rc- furnace melting shop allow to ensure
casting process of up to 420 tons steel forged ingots, up
to 300 tons steel and cast-iron castings produced of carbon, low alloyed, alloyed, high alloyed corrosion resisting,
constructional and casting steel grades, grey and highstrength cast iron and compacted graphite iron.

The production capability of the arc-furnace melting


shop is supported by the following equipment:
- 100 tons EAF (the transformer capacity of 50 MVA)
fitted with manipulator and intensifying units made by
CVS. The manipulator is equipped with three lances two
of which are used for oxygen blowing, and one is for
blowing carbon dust
- 100 tons EAF ( the transformer capacity of 32 MVA)
- 50 tons EAF ( the transformer capacity of 15 MVA)
fitted with the wall oxygen water cooling lance
- 12 tons EAF ( the transformer capacity of 15 MVA)
- Ladle furnace unit ( the transformer capacity of 18
MVA) fitted with wire addition system and loose materials
addition system
- Vacuum degassing unit (VD) fitted with power
pumps to ensure and maintain the pressure of lower than
1 mbar. The unit is fitted with wire addition system.
- four vacuum chambers for ladle- to ingot stream
degassing.
- Pouring ladles with capacity of 20 tons, 75 tins, 100
tons and 130 tons.

,
,
, - ,

.
,
- ()
, () ,
, .
, ,
, ,
:
- ,
:
- [S] - 0,005%;
- [] - 0,010%;
- :
- [O] - 30 ppm;
- [H] - 1,5 ppm;
- [N] - 70 ppm.

Depending on the final product requirements, steel


melting process incorporates melting in the electric arc
furnace, secondary refining using Ladle furnace and vacuum degassing followed by vacuum top pouring or air
bottom pouring with ensuring metal stream protection
from the secondary oxidization.
Various methods and processes, such as silicon free
bulk deoxidization, vacuum carbon deoxidization (VCD)
in the ladle and in the stream during pouring as well as
argon blowing, wire addition and microalloying, are successfully implemented into practice to ensure and maintain high quality of metal.


-
ARKOS .

To ensure and maintain the constant supply of the


arc- furnace shop with the furnace charge the charge
preparation site is equipped with the shearing press.

Production capabilities together with advanced operational control facilities and modern production technology allow to meet customers'demands and ensure
high quality products.
High metal quality is presented by the following figures:
- the content of detrimental impurities in steel not alloyed with the given agents
- Sulphur (S) no more than 0.005%
- Phosphoros (P) no more than 0.010 %
- gas content after vacuum degassing
- Oxygen (O) 30 ppm
- Hydrogen (H) no more than 1.5 ppm
- Nitrogen (N) no more than 70 ppm

Catalogue of steel grades

Forging production

15000, 6000, 3150


15 000 tons, 6 000 tons and 3 150 forging presses

Due to unique capabilities of forging division it has
become possible to forge up to 300 tons ingots made of
300 , - carbon steel, alloy steel, corrosion resistant and heat re, - sistant steel.
42 .

15000

15000 15000, 170 600.
6000

6000 6000,
120, 300.
3150

3150 3150,
30,
160.
"DEVY LEVY".
15000 315
,
, .

15 000 tons automated forging unit


15 000 tons automated forging unit includes 15 000
tons press fitted with manipulator of 170 tons lifting capacity and forging crane of 500 tons lifting capacity.
6 000 tons automated forging unit
6 000 tons automated forging unit includes 6 000
tons press fitted with manipulator of 120 tons lifting capacity and forging crane of 300 tons lifting capacity
3 150 tons automated forging unit
3 150 tons automated forging unit includes 3 150
tons press fitted with forging manipulator of 30 tons lifting capacity and lifting crane of 30 tons lifting capacity.
All automated forging units (AFU) are fitted with
manipulators made by widely recognized manufacture
DAVY LELY, England.
15 000 tons press and 3 000 tons press operate by using oil as an operating fluid which allows to control the
deformation rate and successfully forge difficult to form
metals as well as forge as per set program.

Heattreatment


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Heattreatmentofmetalisaprocessofmetalprod
ucts and alloys treatment by thermal influence for the
purposeoftheirstructureandpropertieschangesinthe
defineddirection.
Classification of heat treatment kinds is based on
typeofstructuralchangesinmetalispresentedatther
mal influence. Heat treatment of metals includes follow
ing kinds: annealing of 1st sort, annealing of 2nd sort,
quenching without polymorphic transformation and with
polymorphictransformation,agingandtempering.

Annealing of 1st sort (homogenizated, recrystalli


zated and for reduction of residual stress) partially or
completely eliminates deviations from an equilibrium
condition of the structure which are arisen at casting,
processing by pressure, welding, etc. technological proc
esses. The processes that eliminate deviations from an
equilibrium condition are passed spontaneously, and
heating at 1st sort annealing iis performed only for their
acceleration.Keyparametersofsuchannealingaretem
perature of heating and holding time. Due to eliminated
deviations from an equilibrium condition the following
typesof1stsortannealingarerecognized:

Homogenizatedannealingisconsideredforelimina
tionofdendriticsegregationeffectthereforeaftercrys
tallization the chemical composition inside crystallites of
solid solution becomes inhomogeneous and, besides,
there can be a nonequilibrium phase, for example a
chemical compound that makes an alloy brittle. At ho
mogenizated annealing the diffusion leads to dissolution
of nonequilibrium superfluous phases therefore the alloy
becomes more homogeneous. After such annealing plas
ticityandfirmnessagainstcorrosionareenhanced.

Recrystallizatedannealingeliminatesdeviationsinstruc
turefromtheequilibriumconditionwhicharearisenat
plasticdeformation.Atformingoperation,especiallycold,
themetalisworkhardened,itsstrengthisincreased,
andplasticityisdecreasedbecauseofincreaseofdensity
ofdispositionsincrystallites.Atheatingofthework
hardenedmetalbyabovetemperaturethereisadevelop
ingofprimaryandcollectiverecrystallizationaccordingly
atwhichthedensityofdispositionsdecreasessharply.As
aresultthemetalbecomesweakenedandmoreplastic.
Suchannealingisusefulforimprovementofpressurema
chinabilityandprovidethemetalwithcombinationof
hardness,strengthandplasticity.Asarule,atrecrystalli
zatedannealingthereisanaimtoreceivenontextured
materialwheretheanisotropyofpropertiesismissing.

Catalogue of steel grades

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2050
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Annealing that reduces the pressure, is applied to


products in which at pressure machinability, casting,
welding, heat treatment, etc. technological processes
have arisen unacceptable high residual stresses that are
mutually counterbalanced inside a body without partici
pation of external loadings. Residual stresses can cause
distortion of the shape and sizes of a product during its
machining,operationorstorageinawarehouse.Atheat
ing of a product the yield limit is decreased and when it
becomeslessthanresidualstress,thefastdischargebya
plasticflowindifferentlayersofmetalispresented.

2ndsortsannealingisapplicableonlytothosemet
alsandalloysinwhichattemperaturechangethephase
transformationsisproceeded.At2ndsortsannealingthe
qualitative or only quantitative changes of phase struc
ture(typeandthevolumecontentofphases)areoccured
atheatingandbackchangesareoccurredatcooling.Key
parameters of such annealing heating temperature,
holding time at this temperature and speed of cooling.
Temperatureandtimeofannealingischosenenablingto
provide with necessary phase changes, for example po
lymorphic transformation or dissolution of a superfluous
phase. Herewith it is observed to prevent the growth of
largephasegrainthatisstableattemperatureofanneal
ing.Speedofcoolingshouldbesmallenoughenablingto
pass return phase transformations at decrease of tem
perature on its basis the diffusion is presented. At 2nd
sortsannealingtheproductistobecooledtogetherwith
thefurnaceoronair.Duringthelastprocessiscalledas
normalization. The 2nd sorts annealing is applied gener
ally to crush the structure of steel, softening and im
provementofmachinabilitybycutting.

Atnormalizationoflowcarbonandmediumcarbon
steelsthereisadisintegrationofausteniteforformation
of a mix of ferrite with pearlite or sorbite. Mould steel
casting is subjected by normalization for elimination of
the coarseness cast structure causing low mechanical
propertiesofcastings,rolledsteelandforgedsteelfor
elimination of difference in the structure, caused by de
formation and cooling conditions. The normalization
mode is defined by heating temperature (austenitizing),
holding time at this temperature and speed of cooling.
Heatingtemperatureatnormalizationishigheron2050
ofthetopcriticalpoint.

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150250 /;



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Holdingtimeshouldbeminimumtoprovideuniform
heating along the product section. Speed of cooling on
quiet air usually makes 150250 S/ch; however at nor
malisation of massive products the speed of cooling
should be regulated depending on their sizes and steel
structureaccordingtokineticstransformationsofausten
ite. The increase in speed of heating, minimum possible
temperaturesand holding time provide the reception of
smaller austenite grain and more disperse mixture of
pearliteorsorbitewithferrite.

Quenchingwithoutpolymorphictransformationisappli
cabletoanyalloysinwhichatheatingthesuperfluous
phaseisfullyorpartiallydissolvedinthebasicphase.The
majorparametresofprocessheatingtemperature,hold
ingtimeandspeedofcooling.Speedofcoolingshouldbe
sohighthatthesuperfluousphasehasnothadtimetobe
allocated(processofallocationofaphaseisprovidedby
diffusiveredistributionofcomponentsinasolidsolu
tion).Duetoquenchingthesupersaturatedsolidsolution
isformed.Quenchingwithoutpolymorphictransforma
tionisabletostrengthandtosoftenanalloy(depending
onphasestructureandfeaturesofstructureintheinitial
andquenchedconditions).Thebasicpurposeofquench
ingwithoutpolymorphictransformationispreparationof
analloyforageing(seemorebelow).

Quenching with polymorphic transformation is ap


plicabletoanymetalsandalloysinwhichthecrystallat
tice is reconstructed at cooling. Process key parametres
areheatingtemperature,holdingtimeandspeedofcool
ing.Heatingisperformedtothetemperatureaboveofa
critical point in order that the hightemperature phase
was formed. Cooling should be passed with such speed
that "normal" diffusive transformations is not occured
and lattice reorganisation proceeded on the mechanism
ofdiffusionlessmartensitetransformations.Atquenching
with polymorphic transformation it is formed martensite
andconsequentlysuchheattreatmentiscalledquenching
on.Carbonsteelsarequenchedonmarten
site in water, and many alloyed steels in which diffusive
processesproceedslowlyitispossibletoquenchonmart
ensitewithcoolinginoilandevenonair.Themainaimof
quenching on martensite is hardness and strength in
creasing,andalsopreparationfortempering.

Catalogue of steel grades




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.

Strong hardening of steels at quenching on marten


siteiscausedbyformationofoversaturatedsolutionby
carbonwithintroductiononbasisofiron,appearance
ofthenumbersoftwinninglayersandincreaseofdensity
dispositions at martensite transformation, fastening of
dispositionsbyatomsofcarbonanddisperseparticlesof
carbidewhichcanbeallocatedondispositionsinplacesof
segregation of carbon. At quenching on martensite the
carbonsteelsareembrittledsharply.Theprincipalreason
issmallmobilityofdispositionsinmartensite.Thecarbon
free iron alloys after quenching on martensite remain
plastic.

Ageingisapplicabletoalloyswhichhavebeensubject
edtoquenchingwithoutpolymorphictransformation.Su
persaturatedsolidsolutioninsuchalloysisthermody
namicallyunstableandinclinedtospontaneousdisinte
gration.Ageingconsistsinaformationbydiffusionin
grainsofasolidsolutionoftheareasareenrichedbythe
dissolvedelementand(or)disperseparticlesofsuperflu
ousphases,moreoftenofchemicalcompounds.These
zonesanddisperseparticlesoftheallocatedphasesbrake
slidingofdispositionsthanhardeningiscausedatageing.
Thusagingalloysarecalledprecipitationhardeningal
loys.Ageingkeyparametersaretemperatureandhold
ingtime.Whilethetemperaturewasrisenthediffusive
processofdisintegrationofsupersaturatedsolidsolu
tionisincreased,andthealloyisfaststrengthened.Start
ingwithacertainsoakingatenoughhightemperature
overageingisoccureddecreaseofalloystrength.The
reasonofoverageingiscoagulationofdisperseemission
fromasolutionwhichconsistsindissolutionofsmaller
particlesandgrowingoflargerparticlesoftheallocated
phase.Asaresultofcoagulationthedistancebetween
theseparticlesisincreasedandbrakingofdispositionsin
grainsofasolidsolutionisdecreased.Themajorityofal
loysafterquenchingareheatedinordertoaccelerate
disintegrationprocessesofsupersaturatedsolidsolution.
Stepageingwithenduranceinthebeginningatone,and
thenatothertemperatureisperformedAgeingisapplied
mainlytoincreasethestrengthandhardnessofsomeal
loyedsteels.Timeofsoakingforachievementofthe
specifiedpropertiesdependingonstructureofanalloy
andageingtemperaturefluctuatesfromtensminutesto
severaldays

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Alloys,mainlythesteelsquenchedonmartensiteare
subjected for tempering. Process key parametres tem
peratureofheatingandholdingtime,andinsome
cases the speed of cooling (for prevention of tempering
embrittlement). Martensite is considered as oversatu
rated solution in steels and the main point of structural
changesattemperingisthesameasatageingdisinte
gration of thermodynamic unstable oversaturated solu
tion. Difference of tempering from ageing is connected
first of all with features of a substructure of martensite,
and also with behaviour of carbon in martensite of the
quenched steel. The big number of defects of a crystal
structure is typical for martensite (dispositions, etc.). At
oms of carbon quickly diffuse in a lattice of martensite
and form on dispositions of segregation, and probably
disperse particles of carbide after quenching or even in
periodofhardeningcooling.Asresultquenchedsteelap
pearsinamaximumdispersionhardeningconditionorin
aconditionisclosedtoit.Thereforewhiledisperseparti
cles of carbide are allocated from martensite during
temperingthestrengthandhardnessofasteeleitherdo
notraiseatall,oronlyinsignificanthardeningisreached.
Reduction of carbon concentration in martensite at allo
cationfromitcarbideisthereasonofmartensitesoften
ing.Asaresultthetemperingofsteels,asarule,leadsto
decrease in hardness and strength with simultaneous
growth of plasticity and impact strength. Tempering of
carbonfreeironalloys,quenchedonmartensitecanlead
to strong dispersion hardening because of allocation of
disperse particles of intermetallic compounds from over
saturatedsolution.Thusthehardeningreasonisthesame
as at ageing. Terms "tempering" and "ageing" are often
usedassynonyms.

Heattreatmentcausingvariousstructuralchangesby
the nature allows to operate with a structure of metals
andalloysandtoreceiveproductswithspecifiedcomplex
of mechanical, physical and chemical properties. Due to
thisaheattreatmentprocessisthemostwidespreadway
ofmetalmaterialspropertieschangesintheindustry.

Attheenterprisethehomogenizatedannealingofingots
isappliedtoincreaseoftheirplasticitybeforeprocessing
bypressure,recrystallizatedannealingofforgingsisap
pliedtoremovecoldworkhardeningbetweenforging
operationsandafterit;quenching,tempering,ageing
andthermomechanicalprocessesareappliedforharden
ingofrolledmetalandthepressedproducts.Attheen
terprisetheforgingsaresubjectedforannealingtode
creasethehardnessandtoimprovethecutability.
Quenchingandtemperingofdifferentmachinecompo
nentsandtoolsareappliedtoincreasetheirstrength,
hardness,impactstrength,endurancestrengthandwear
resistance,andalsotheproductsisannealedforreduc
tionofresidualstress.

Catalogue of steel grades

/ Table of foreign steel grades analog


EN 10027-1

En 10027-2

DIN

100V1
102Cr6
115CrV3
31CrV2
40CrMnMo7
40CrMnNiMo8-6-4
45WCrV7
56NiCrMoV7
60WCrV7
62SiMnCr4
90MnCrV8
X210Cr12
X38CrMoV-5-1
X40CrMov5-1

1.2833
1.2067
1.2210
1.2208
1.2311
1.2738
1.2542
1.2714
1.2550
1.2101
1.2842
1.2080
1.2343
1.2344

100V1
100Cr6
115CrV3
31CrV3
40CrMnMo7
40CrMnNiMo8 6 4
45WCrV7
56NiCrMoV7
60WCrV7
62SiMnCr4
90MnCrV8
X210Cr12
X38CrMoV5-1
X40CrMoV5 1

100Cr2
100Cr6
100CrMn6
16CrNiMo6
19MnCr5
4Cr2, 46Cr2

1.3501
1.3505
1.3520
1.3531
1.3523
1.3561

100Cr2
100Cr6
100CrMn6
16CrNiMo6
19MnCr5
44Cr2

X10CrAlSi 25
X10CrNi18-8
X15Cr13
X15CrNiSi10-12
X15CrNiSi25-21
X17CrNi18-2
X20Cr13
X30Cr13
X39CrMo17-1
X45Cr13
X45CrSi9-3
X50CrMoV15
X5CrNi18-10
X5CrNiMo17-12-2
X6Cr13
X6Cr17
X6CrNiMoTi17-12-2
X6CrNiTi18-10

1.4762
1.4310
1.4024
1.4828
1.4841
1.4057
1.4021
1.4028
1.4122
1.4034
1.4718
1.4116
1.4301
1.4401
1.4000
1.4016
1.4571
1.4541

X10CrAl 24
X12CrNi17 .07
X15Cr13
X15CrNiSi20 12
X15CrNiSi25 20
X20CrNi17 -2,
X20Cr13
X30Cr13
X35CrMo17
X46Cr13
X45CrSi9 3
X45CrMoV15
X5CrNi18 9
X5CrNiMo18 10
X6Cr13
X6Cr17
X10CrNiMoTi18 10
X10CrNiTi18 9

10NiCr5-4
10NiCr5-4
11MnSi6
13CrMo4-5
14NiCr10
14NiCr18
14NiCr6
14NiCrMo13-4
14NiCrMo13-4
15Cr3
15CrMo5
15NiCr13
16MnCr5
16MnCrB5
16MnCrB5
16MnCrS5
16NiCr4
16NiCrS4
17Cr3
17CrNi6-6
17CrNi6-6
17CrS3
17NiCrMo6-4
17NiCrMoS6-4
18CrMo4
18CrMoS4
18CrNi8
18CrNiMo7-8
18NiCr5-4
18NiCr5-4
20Cr4
20CrMo5
20CrS4
20MnB5
20MnB5
20MnCr5
20MnCrS5
20MnCrS5
20MnMoNi4-5
20MnMoNi4-5

1.5511
1.5924
1.6541
1.6758
1.5805
1.5805
1.5125
1.7335
1.5732
1.5860
1.5919
1.6657
1.6657
1.7015
1.7262
1.5752
1.7131
1.7160
1.7160
1.7139
1.5714
1.5715
1.7016
1.5918
1.5918
1.7014
1.6566
1.6569
1.7243
1.7244
1.5920
1.6587
1.5810
1.5810
1.7027
1.7264
1.7028
1.5530
1.5530
1.7147
1.7149
1.7149
1.6311

35B2
46Si7
23MnNiCrMo52
23MnNiCrMo54
11MnSi6
13CrMo4 4
14NiCr10
14NiCr18
15CrNi6
14NiCrMo13-4
14NiCrMo13-4
15Cr3
15CrMo5
14NiCr14
16MnCr5 (ZF6)
16MnCrB5
16MnCrB5
16MnCrS5
16NiCr4
16NiCrS14
17Cr3
-

JUS
AISI
/ Tool steels
1.1941, 1.1942
1.4145. 1.4144
1.4141
1.4835
1.6443
1.5742
1.6444
1.4231
13840
1.4150
1.4751
1.4753

S1
L3
S1
~ D3
H11
H13

BS

AFNOR

GOST

BL3
BS1
~BD3
BH11
BH13

Y100Cr6
45WCrV8
X200Cr12
X38CrMoV5-1
Z40CDV5

52
6XB2C
12
45M
45M1

15
1224A
452

Z10CAS24
Z11CN18.08
Z15CNS20.12
Z15CN16.02
Z20C13
Z33C13
Z 40 C14
Z45CS9
Z7CN18.09
Z2NCD17.11
Z8C12
Z8C17
Z6NDT17.12
Z6CNT18,10

1528
12189
1013
2020142
2025202
20172
2013
3013
4013
4092
081810
041811M3
113, 0813
1217
101713M2T
091810T

10NC6
10NC6
TU13CD4-04
14NC11
16NC6, 12NC12
12C3, 15Cr2,18C3
12CD4
12NC15, 14NC12
16MC5, 16MnCr5
16MC5
18NCD6
18NCD6
18CD4
18CD4
18NCD6
20NC6
20NC6
18CD4
20MC5
-

15M
123A
184A
(123A)
15
1224A
18
15
2024A
20
18M
18, 18T
-

/ Bearing steels
1.4140
1.4146
1.4340
1.4520
1.4321
1.4133

52100
-

/ Stainless and heat -resistant steels


1.4970
1.4571
1.4171
1.4577
1.4578
1.4570
1.4172
1.4173
1.4175
1.4270
1.4770
1.4580
1.4573
1.4170
1.4174
1.4574
1.4572

446
301
410
309
431
420
420, 420F
420
HW3
304
316
410S, 403
430
316Ti
321

420 S29
309S24
420S37
420S45
(420S45)
401S45
316S16
403S17
430S15
320S17
312S12

/ Structural alloy steels

17NiCrMo6-4
17NiCrMoS6-4
18CrMo4
18CrMoS4
18CrNi8
17CrNiMo6
20Cr4
20CrMo5
20CrS4
21MnB5
21MnB5
20MnCr5 (ZF7)
(20MnCr5, ZF 7)
(20MnCr5, ZF 7)
20MnMoNi4-5

1.2131
1.3203
1.7400
1.5425
1.5427
1.5420
1.4120
1.4720
1.5426
1.4320
1.4381
1.4120
1.4120
1.57202
1.5421
1.4520
1.41201
1.4721
1.41202
1.4321
1.4382
1.4382
20MnMoNi4-5
-

A182,: P12
3415
A322, 3215
5015, 5115
E3310, 3415
5115
5117, 5115
6264
4820, 4317
5120
5120
4820, 4826
4820, 4826
-

637M17
637M17
620
S107, 970-3
523M15, 530A32
65H13, 655M13
527M17, 590H17
527M20, 590H17
815M70
815M70
708M20
708M20
080M46
820A16
-

10

EN 10027-1

En 10027-2

DIN

20MoCr3
20MoCr4
20MoCrS3
20MoCrS4
20NiCrMo2-2
20NiCrMoS2-2
20NiCrMoS6-4
20NiCrMoS6-4
22CrMo4-4
22CrMoS3-5
22CrMoS3-5
23B2
23MnNiCrMo5 2
23MnNiCrMo5 4
24CrMoV5-5
25CrMo4
25CrMoS4
25MoCr4
25MoCrS4
26NiCrMoV14-5
27MnCrB5-2
28Cr4
28CrS4
28NiCrMoV8-5
30CrMoV9
30CrNiMo8
30MnB5
30MnB5
31CrMo12
32Cr2
32CrMo12
32CrS2
33MnCrB5-2
33MnCrB5-2
33NiCrMoV14-5
33NiCrMoV14-5
34Cr4
34CrMo4
34CrMoS4
34CrNiMo6
34CrS4
36CrNiMo4
36NiCrMo16
36NiCrMo16
37Cr4
37CrS4
37MnSi5
38Cr2
38Cr4
38CrS2
38MnB5
38MnB5
39MnCrB6-2
39MnCrB6-2
39NiCrMo3
40CrMoV13-9
40CrMoV13-9
41Cr4
41CrAlMo7
41CrMo4
41CrS4
42CrMo4
42CrMoS4
42MnV7
45Cr2
46Cr2
46CrS2
46Si7
49CrMo4
50CrMo4
51CrV4
51Si7
55Si7
58CrV4
60SiMn5
65Si7
67SiCr5
S270MC

1.7320
1.7321
1.7319
1.7323
1.6523
1.6526
1.6571
1.6571
1.7350
1.7333
1.7333
1.5508
1.6541
1.6758
1.7733
1.7218
1.7213
1.7325
1.7326
1.6957
1.7182
1.7030
1.7036
1.6932
1.7707
1.6580
1.5531
1.5531
1.8515
1.7020
1.7361
1.7021
1.7185
1.7185
1.6956
1.6956
1.7033
1.7220
1.7226
1.6582
1.7037
1.6511
1.6773
1.6773
1.7034
1.7038
1.5122
1.7003
1.7043
1.7023
1.5532
1.5532
1.7189
1.7189
1.8523
1.8523
1.7035
1.8509
1.7223
1.7039
1.7225
1.7227
1.5223
1.7005
1.7006
1.7025
1.5024
1.7238
1.7228
1.8159
1.5025
1.5026
1.8161
1.5142
1.5028
1.7103
1.5023

20MoCr4
20MoCrS4
21NiCrMo2
21NiCrMoS2
20NiCrMoS6-4
20NiCrMoS6-4
22CrMo4-4
22CrMoS3-5
22CrMoS3-5
22B2
24CrMoV5-5
25CrMo4
25CrMoS4
25MoCr4
25MoCrS4
26NiCrMoV14 5
27MnCrB5-2
28Cr4
28CrS4
28NiCrMoV8 5
30CrMoV9
30CrNiMo8
30MnB5
30MnB5
31CrMo12
32Cr2
32CrMo12
32CrS2
33MnCrB5-2
33MnCrB5-2
33NiCrMoV14 5
33NiCrMoV14 5
34Cr4
34CrMo4
34CrMoS4
34CrNiMo6
34CrS4
36CrNiMo4
36NiCrMo16
36NiCrMo16
37Cr4
37CrS4
37MnSi5
38Cr2
38Cr4

10S20
11SMn30
15S22
35S20
46S20

1.0132
1.0134
1.0216
1.0077
1.0132
1.0721
1.0715
1.0723
1.0726
1.0727

JUS

AISI

BS

1.7420
8620
1.7480
8620
1.7422
A322, 8720
805H20, 805M20
1.75202
8620
805M20
1. 7431
1.74201
1.74201
1.7432
1.4730
4130
708A25
1.47301
1.7421
1.7481
1.5480
1.41342
1.41342
1.4734
1.5432
A322, 4340
823M30
1.4738
1.41301
1.4738
1.41302
1.4130
A322, 5132
530A32, 530M32
1.4731
4135, 4137
708A37
1.4783
4135
1.5431
4337, 4340
816M40, 817M40
1.41301
5123
1.5430
4340, 9840
817M37, 816M40
(835 M 30)
(835 M 30)
1.4134
A322, 5135
530A36, 530M36
1.4184
5135
1.3230
1.4132
5140
120M36
(1.4131)
1.41321
38MnB5
38MnB5
39MnCrB6 2
39MnCrB6 2
40CrMoV 13 9
40CrMoV 13 9
41Cr4
1.4131
A322, 5140
530A40, 530M40
41CrAlMo7
1.4784
41CrMo4
(1.4735)
4140, 4142
708M40, 3111-5/1
41CrS4
1.4181
5140
42CrMo4
1.4732
4140, 4142
708A42, 709M40
42CrMoS4
1.4782
4140
42CrMoS4
42MnV7
1.3830
45Cr2
(1.4135)
46Cr2
1.4133
5045, 5046
46CrS2
1.41331
46Si7
1.2131
49CrMo4
(1.4736)
50CrMo4
1.4733
4150
708A47
50CrV4
1.4830
51Si7
1.2132
9255
55Si7
1.2133
5155H, 9255
251A58
58CrV4
1.4831
60SiMn5
1.2330
65Si7
1.2332
9260H
250 A 61
67SiCr5
1.4230
9254
38Si7
1.2130
/ Non-alloy quality steels
St42-2
1.0471
RSt42-2
1.0461
USt 28-1
1.0345
RSt 42-1
1.0460
St42-2
1.0471
10 S 20
1.1190
9SMn28
1.3990
1213
230M70
15 S 20
1.1290
35 S 20
1.1490
1140
212M36
45 S 20
1.1590
1146
-

AFNOR

GOST

20MoCr4 KD
20NCD2
20NCD2
25CD4, 25CrMo4
30CND8
32C4, 34Cr4
34CrMo4, 35CD4
35NCD6
35NCD5, 40NCD3
35 NCD 16
35 NCD 16
37Cr4, 38C4
38C2, 38Cr2
41Cr4, 42C4
42CD4TS
42CD4, 42CrMo4
42CD4
42C2, 46Cr2
50CrMo4
55S7
60 S 7
-

20
20M, 30M
35
35M, 35M
3822MA
402MA
38A, 40
35
40
40
38M
402
451, 452
30
50MA
502
552
60
602, 602A
-

S250
35MF6
45MF4

11

Catalogue of steel grades

EN 10027-1

En 10027-2

DIN

C10
C10C
C10G2
C14C
C15
C22
C25
C30
C35
C40
C45
C50
C55
C60
C67, C67S
C75S
C85S
C8C
DC01, DD11
DC04
DD12, DC03-01
DX55D, S235
E295; Fe490-2
E335; Fe590-2
E360; Fe690-2
S205G2T
S235 JR, Fe360B
S235J2G3, Fe360D1
S235JO
S235JRG1, Fe360B
S235JRG2, Fe360B
S275
S275JR, Fe43D1
S355J2G3
S355J2G3, Fe510D1

1.0301
1.0214
1.0208
1.0234
1.0401
1.0402
1.0406
1.0528
1.0501
1.0511
1.0503
1.0540
1.0535
1.0601
1.0603
1.0605
1.0616
1.0213
1.0330
1.0338
1.0333
1.0309
1.0050
1.0060
1.0070
1.0034
1.0037
1.0116
1.0114
1.0036
1.0038
1.0419
1.0044
1.0570
1.0561

C10
QSt36-3
R St 35.2
QSt38-3
C15
C22
C25
C30
C35
C40
C45
C50
C55
C60
C67
C75
C85, D85-2
QSt34-3
St2, St12
RRSt14, St14, St4
USt13, RSt 13
St35.4
St50-2
St60-2
St70-2
R St 34-2
St37-2
St37.3
St37-3 U
USt37-2
RSt37-2
RSt 44-2
St44-2, RSt 44-2
St52-3
St52-3

105W1
20Mn5
28Mn6
30Mn6
40Mn4
C105U
C10C
C10E
C10R
C110U
C125U
C125U
C135U
C15C
C15E, C15C
C15R
C16E
C16R
C22C,C22E, 2C22
C22E
C22R
C25E
C25R
C30E
C30R
C35C
C35E
C35G
C35R
C40E
C40R
C45C
C45E
C45G
C45R
C45U
C50E; 2C50
C50R
C53G
C55E
C55R
C60E
C60R
C67E
C70E, C75G
C70G
C70U
C80U
UC 70 KU
50Mn7
67Si7

1.1545
1.1133
1.1170
1.1165
1.1157
1.1545
1.1122
1.1121
1.1207
1.1554
1.1560
1.1563
1.1573
1.1132
1.1141
1.1140
1.1148
1.1208
1.1152
1.1151
1.1149
1.1158
1.1163
1.1178
1.1179
1.1172
1.1181
1.1183
1.1180
1.1186
1.1189
1.1192
1.1191
1.1193
1.1201
1.1730
1.1206
1.1241
1.1213
1.1203
1.1209
1.1221
1.1223
1.1231
1.1248
1.1249
1.1520
1.1525
1.1620
1.0913
1.0906

20Mn5
28Mn6
30Mn5
40Mn4
C105W1
Cq10
Ck10
Ck10
C110W
C125W1
C125W
C135W
Cq15
Ck15, Cq15
Cm15
CQ22
Ck22
Cm22
Ck25
Cm25
Ck30
Cm30
CQ35
Ck35
Cf 35
Cm35
Ck40
Cm40
Cq45
Ck45
Cf45
Cm45
C45W
Ck50
Cm50
Cf 53
Ck55
Cm55
Ck60
Cm60
Ck67
Ck75
Cf70 (C70G)
C70W1
C80W1
C70W2
50Mn7
(67Si7)

JUS

AISI

1.1120
1.1121
1.0211
1.0365
11220
1015, 1016
1.1330
1020, 1023,
1.13312
1.13322
1.1430
1035
1.14341
1040
1.1530
1043
1.16301
1.1630
1055
1.1730
1060
1.1733
1070
1.1832
1074
1.1835
1084
1.0146
1.0148
1.0147
1.1212
1.0545
1035
1.0645
A572 Gr65
1.0745
1.0261
1.0366
1015
1.0363
A578-81 65
1.0362
1.0371
1.0361
A570-36
1.0445
1.0461
ASTM A529
1.0562, 1.0563
1.0561
/ Structural steels
W110
1022, 1518
13135
1330, ASTM: 1527
1.3131
10361035
1.3130
1035, 1041
1.1940
W110
1.1121
1.1121
1010
1.1121
1010
1.1946
W1
1.1944
1.1943
W1
1.1948
C135U
(1.1221)
1.1221
1015, 1017
1.1281
1015
(1.1331)
1020, 1022, 1023
1.1331
1020, 1022, 1023
1.13311
1022
1.1332
1025
1.13321
1025
1.13323
1030
1.13324
1030
(1.1431)
1.1431
1035, 1038
1.1436
1035
1.1480
1035
1.14342
1040
1.14343
1040
(1.1531)
1.1531
1045, 1042
1.1534
1.1580
1049
1.1540
1.16302
1049, 1050
1.16303
1050
1.1633
1050, 1055
1.1631
1055
1.1680
1050, 1055
1.1731
1060, 1064
1.1780
1.1735
1070
1.1837
1080
1.1833
1.1740
(1.1840)
SAE W1
1.1741
1.3132, 1.3134
C1052
(1.2331)
-

BS

AFNOR

GOST

080M15
055M15, 070M20
080M36
080N40
00M46
070M55
080A62
080A67
1149 80 HS
Fe490-2 FN
Fe590-2 FN
Fe690-2FN
Fe360B
4360, 40B
4360 40C
-

CC12
XC 18, 1 C 22
CC35, XC38H1
AF60C40
XC48H1, CC45
AF70C55
IC55
CC55
C68, XC68
XC75
XC90
A50-2
A60-2
A70-2
E 24-2
E24 - U
E 24-2
E28-2
-

10
15
20
30
35
40
45
55
60
65
75
08, 10
5
6
7
2
(3)
-

BW1A
120M19
150M28, ~15M19
120M36, 15M28
150M36
BW1A
040A10, 045M10
045M10
040A15, 080M15
055M17, 070M20
055M17, 070M20
(070 M 26)
CFS6, 080A35
080A35, 060A35
080A35
060A40, 080M4
CFS8, 080M46
080M46
080M50
070M55
060A57, 070M55
070M40, 060A52
060 A 62
-060A62, 070A72
070A72, 060A78
-

Y105
Z0M15
~ 28Mn6, ~20Mn5
35M3
35M5, 40M5
Y105
C10, XC10
XC10
XC12, XC15, XC18
2C22, XC18, XC25
2C22, XC18, XC25
2C25, XC25
C35, 2c35, XC32
XC38, H 1 TS
3C35, XC32
2C40, XC42H1
C45, 2C45, XC45
345, XC48H1
2C50, XC50H1
XC 48H 1 Ts
2C55, XC55H1
3C55, XC55H1
C60, 2C60, XC60
XC68
XC75
-

302
302
40, 49
10A
08, 10
08, 10
11
12A
-15
15
-20
20
20
25
-35
35
35
40
-45
45
45
50
50
55
55
60, 60A
75A
7A
8, 8A-1,2
7
2
-

3
-

12

,/
Standardsareappliedatmechanicalpropertiestest

/
typeoftest
/
tensilestrength

/bendingimpact
test

/bending
test

/hardnesstest

/hardena
bility

/Documentation
37002


./AmericanNationalStandard.
Standardtestmethodsanddefinitionformechanicaltestmethods
DIN50145
/Tensilestrengthtestmethods
EN100021
..
/Metalmaterials.Tensilestrengthtest.Inspectionmethods
37002


./AmericanNationalStandard
Standardtestmethodsanddefinitionformechanicaltestmethods
DIN50115
/Bendingimpacttest
ASTM2396
/ Standard test procedure of notched metal sample
forImpacttest
EN100451
.
../Metalmaterials.BendingCharpyImpacttest.
Inspectionmethods
37002


./AmericanNationalStandard
Standardtestmethodsanddefinitionformechanicaltestmethods
37002


./
AmericanNationalStandard
Standardtestmethodsanddefinitionformechanicaltestmethods
ASTM1001
./ Standard
Brinellhardnesstestmethodsofmaterialswithmetallicproperties
ASTM255
./
Standardmethodsofhardenabilitytest
ASTM30402

/Standardspecificationonhardnessrequirements
afterfinalquenchingofmillbarsfromcarbonandalloysteels
IS642
(
)/Jominyhardenabilitybyendmethod

Catalogue of steel grades

13

,/
Typesoftestandstandardsareappliedformetallographicinspections

/
Typeofinspection

/non
metalliccontrol

/Grainsize
control

/Mac
rostructurecontrol

/Corro
siontests

/Standard
DIN50602

/Microscopiccontrolofhighqualitysteelsonnonmetallicinclusionsby
meansofimagepattern
ASTM4505
/Standardtestmethodsfordeterminationofinclu
sionsinsteel
NFA04106

/Methodsfordeterminationofnonmetallicinclusions
incoggedsteels
ISO4967

/Steelnon
metallicinclusiondetermination
177870
/Metallographicmethodsofnonmetallicinclusionsdetermi
nation
DIN50601

/Ferriticoraustenitegrainsizedetermi
nationinsteelandironbearingalloys
ASTM112
/Stan
dardmethodsfordeterminationofmiddlegrainsize
NFA04102

/Ferriticoraustenitegrainsizedetermination
ISO643
/
Steelmicrographicdeterminationofvisiblegrainsize
563982 /Methodsofde
tectionanddeterminationofgrainsize
ASTM38101
,,/Stan
dardmethodofmacrostructurecontrolbymeansofetchingforsteelmill
bar,blooms,forgingsandbillets
1024375 ./Steel.In
spectionmethodsandmacrostructureevaluation
6032

/Testmethodsofintergranularcorrosionresistant
0199
06123(
06123)
/Determinationof
corrosionresistantofsteel06123(06123)andweldedsections
withregardtoequipmentofnuclearpowerplantswithwatercoolant

14

,
/
Typesofinspectionsandstandardsareappliedfornondestructivecontrol

/ Type of / Standard
inspection
- EN 10228-3-2001 / Ultrasonic con / nontrol of forgings from ferrite and martensite steels
destructive inspections
EN 10228-2-2001 / Capillary control of forgings from steels
EN 10228-1-2001 - / Magnetic-particle inspection of steel
forgings
SEP 1922
/ Ultrasonic flaw detection of castings from ferrite steels
SEP 1921

100 / Ultrasonic control of forgings and steel rods with diameter or length of edge from 100 mm and more
ASTM A388/A388M-95
/ Methods of ultrasonic control performing on forged steel bars of big sizes
24507-80

. . ./ Non-destructive control. Ferrous and non-ferrous metal forgings.


Methods of ultrasonic flaw detection.

108.004.101-80 . , -
. ./ Non-destructive control. Luminescence flaw detection, penetrant dye flaw detection, luminescence-penetrant dye flaw detection. Main procedures.

108.004.109-80 . . . / Welded joints. Energy equipment of nuclear power plant. Procedure


of magnetic-particle inspection.
108.958.03-96 .
./ Steel forgings for energy equipment. Procedure of ultrasonic control.
EN 12680-1

. 1. ./ Melt- Ultrasonic test. Part 1. Steel casting for wide range of use.

SEP 1923

,
. / Ultrasonic control of forgings at overstated quality requirements, particularly of forgings for parts of turbo-installations and generators.

CCH 70-3

/
Technical requirements on testing of steel castings for hydraulic equipment

108.004.10-86 . ./
Branch standard. QC routine of nuclear power engineering products

15

Catalogue of steel grades

/
ListofDomesticandForeignstandardonsteels

/Typeof
steel

/
heattreatedsteel
/
casehardenedsteel

/nitridingsteel

hotrolledannealedsteel

springstainlesssteel

ballbearingsteel

Heatresistantandhigh
heatresistantsteelsfor
screwsandnuts
,

/
forgingandrolledor
forgedsteelbarof
weldedheatresistant
steels

toolsteelsandhighspeed
steel


/German European
standard standard

/
English
standard


/French /Italian
standard standard
UNI
DIN17200
NFA35
7845
SEW550
EN10083 ISO683/1 BS970/1 552
UNI
SEW555
EN10083
7874
ISO
NFA35
UNI
DIN17210 EU8470
BS97083
683/11
551
7846
DIS
UNI
DIN17211 EU85
BS97083
683/10
8077
ISO
standard

DIN17221 EU89

DIS
683/14

BS9702

DIN17224 EU151

ISO
6931/1

BS205683

DIN17230 EU94

ISO
683/17

BS97083

DIN17240

DIN17243

ISO
2604/1
ISO/TR
4956

DIN17350 EU96

454371

14959

NFA35
565

UNI
3097

801
78

BS150690

NFA35
558

563272

NFA35
590

UNI
2955

1435

19265
5950

UNI
6900
UNI
6901
UNI
6900
UNI
6901

/
stainlesssteel

DIN17440
ISO
EN10088
SEW400
683/13

BS970/1
BS155481 NFA35
BS150282 574
BS150389

/
heatresistantsteel

SEW470
EU95
DIN17145

BS155481 NFA35
BS970/1 578

/
structuralsteels

DIN17100 EN10025

ISO4955

454371

UNI
3545

ISO4957 BS4659

NFA35
571

/
Russian
standard

563272

563272

16

1.2311

/ Scope
.
:
, , ,
, , ,
, , , ,
.

DIN 17350
/ Analog
DIN
40CrMnMo7
GOST
382

Si

0,35
-0,45

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Mo
Ni

Mn

0,30
-0,50

Structural alloy steel for manufacturing of different


products: shafts, axles, gear wheels, brake bands of engines, flanges, covering cases, compressor blades, levers, pusher bars that are operated at reversal loadings,
fastening parts.

1,40
-1,60

0.01

0.01

1,80
-2,00

0,15
-0,25

0.6

/
The temperature range of forging,

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

740

830

690

600

320

Mf

/
at start of forging

1220

/ at finish of forging
/ /
finishing operations
main operations

850

800

/ Place of sampling
1/3 / at 1/3 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction


Impact strength

KCU


Brinell hardness

HB

J/m 2

| tangential

700

660

660

850

810

800

12

12

12

:/ longitudinal

45

47

48

:/ longitudinal

40

45

50

270

255

245

:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential

| tangential

870-890 , . 620-630 / Normalization


870-890 , air. Tempering 620-630
KCU. (+20/-40)

/ Type of thermal processing



Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction


Impact strength

KCU

J/m 2


Brinell hardness

HB

850 , . 560 , / quenching 850


, water or oil. Tempering 560 , water
/ reference section or weight of part
/ on
100-300 mm
301-500 mm
501-800 mm
the samples

| tangential

440

440

440

440

635

635

635

635

16

14

13

12

:/ longitudinal

45

40

35

30

:/ longitudinal

59/50

54/40

50/35

40/30

235

235

235

235

:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential

| tangential

17

Catalogue of steel grades

1.2312

/ Scope
.
: , , , , , , ,
, , , .

DIN 17350
:Analog
DIN
40CrMnMoS8-6

Si

0,35
-0,45

Mn

0,30
-0,50

1,40
-1,60

Structural alloy steel for manufacturing of different products: shafts, axles, gear wheels, brake
bands of engines, flanges, covering cases, compressor blades, levers, pusher bars that are operated at reversal loadings, fastening parts.

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Mo
0,05
-0,10

0.025

1,80
-2,00

0,15
-0,25

/
The temperature range of forging,

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

740

805

725

650

310

Mf

/ at
start of
forging

/
At finish of forging
/
/
main operations
finishing operations

1220

850

800

/ Place of sampling
1/6 / at 1/6 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction


Impact strength

KCU

J/m 2


Brinell hardness

HB

, /
quenching and tempering
/ reference section or weight of
part
/
100-300 mm
301-500 mm
501-800 mm
on the samples

| tangential

830

540

445

345

1030

685

635

590

14

13

12

:/ longitudinal

45

40

32

33

:/ longitudinal

49

49

45

39

320

290

235

217

:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential

| tangential

18

1.2343

/ Scope
.

,
, .

DIN 17350
:
GOST

0,57
-0,65

Si

Mn

0,70
-1,00

0,60
-0,90

Tool steel is applied for manufacturing of


working rolls of skelp and small-section mills for
hot rolling of metal, pneumatic chippers and
stamps of small sizes for cold pressing, chipping
cutters

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
V
0,035

0,035

1,00
-1,30

0,07
-0,012

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

840

870

810

735

300

Mf

/ at
start of
forging

1220

/
The temperature range of forging,

/
at finish of forging
/
/
finishing operations
main operations

900

850

/ Place of sampling
1/3 / at 1/3 of diameter of wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties

/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction


Impact strength, DVM

Hardness

KCU

J/m2

HB

HRC

c 650 , 4 , 100 / 820-860 ,


4 , 400 , 360 ,
10 , 100 / 630-660 , 50 , 40 / 400 , 15 / 120 , 4 . /
Charging into furnace at 650 , soaking 4 hours, heating 100 degrees/hour up to
820-860 , soaking 4 hours, cooling on the air up to 400 , then in furnace up to
360 , soaking 10 hours, heating 100 degrees/hour up to 630-660 , soaking 50
hours, cooling 40 degrees/hour up to 400 , then from 15 degrees/hour up to 120
, soaking 4 hours

/ Full section or weight of part


600 mm /
up to 600 mm

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

530

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

900

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

115

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

35

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

27
255

19

Catalogue of steel grades

1.2344

/ Scope
.
, ( 200 )

, -
,

DIN 17350
:
GOST
EN

0,37
-0,43

45
X40CrMoV5-1

Si

Mn

0,90
-1,20

0,30
-0,50

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Mo
0,03

4,80
-5,50

0,03

1,20
-1,50

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

840

870

810

735

300

Mf

0,90
-1,10

/
The temperature range of forging,

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Tool steel for manufacturing of small sizes hammer dies, big sizes (with section more than 200
mm) hammer and press parts at hot working of
structural steels and nonferrous alloys, casting die
molds at pressure of aluminum, zinc, magnesium alloys

/at
start forging

/
at finish forging
/

finishing operation
/main operation

1220

900

850

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction

KCU

J/m2

HB


Impact strength, DVM

Hardness

HRC

990-1010 , . 550-580
, /
Normalization 990-1010 , air. Double tempering 550-580 , cooling in
furnace
/ Full section or weight of part
400 mm

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

1300

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

1400

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal

388-444
45-53

20

1.2379

/ Scope
.

- ,
, , ,
.

DIN 17350
:
GOST

X12

Si

1,50
-1,60

Mn

0,20
-0,60

0,15
-0,45

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Mo
0,03

11,0
-12,0

0,03

Ac1

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

810

860

780

760

225

Mf

0,70
-0,80

/ Critical points,

/ at
start of
forging

1220

Tool steel for manufacturing of stamps and die


molds for cold deformation and sheet-metal forming, submatrix, plugs, male dies, irregular shape of
die stamps

0,80
-1,10

/
The temperature range of forging,

/
at finish of forging
/
/
main operations
finishing operations

850

800

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction


Impact strength

KCU

J/m 2

Hardness

HRC

1000-1030 , / Quenching1000-1030 , oil


/
tempering temperature
200

300

400

500

43

64

54

30

63

61

60

60

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
:/ longitudinal
| tangential

21

Catalogue of steel grades

1.2714

/ Scope

DIN 17350
:Analog
N
56NiCrMoV7
GOST
5

0,50
-0,60

Si

Mn

0,10
-0,40

0,65
-0,95

.

3 ,
, -
.

Tool steel is applied for manufacturing of hammer


dies with weight of dropping parts more than 3 tons,
press tools of hot stamping, submatrix, plugs for horizontal forging machines.

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Ni
Mo
0.030

0.030

0,80
-1,20

1,50
-1,80

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

730

780

640

610

230

Mf

0,07
-0,12

/
The temperature range of forging,

/ Critical points,
Ac1

0,45
-0,55

/ at
start of forging

1220

/ at finish of forging
/

main operations
/ finishing operations

850

800

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction

KCU

J/m2

HB ,


Impact strength, DVM

Hardness

HRC

850 , . 460-520 . /
Quenching 850 , oil. Tempering 460-520 .
/ reference section or weight of
part
200-300 mm
301-500 mm
501-700 mm
701-1000 mm

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

1280

1145

935

740

1475

1320

1180

1000

12

14

15

16

35

36

40

41

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal

45

50

80

82

350-400

320-375

300-345

220-260

40-44

37-42

35-39

28-33

22

1.2738

/ Scope

DIN 17350
: Analog
DIN
40CrMnNiMo8-6-4
(40NiCrMo2-2)
GOST
38X

Si

0,35
-0,45

Mn

0,20
-0,40

1,30
-1,60

.

, , , .

Structural alloy steel for manufacturing of


products for heavy and transport engineering such
as axles, shafts and others high-loaded parts and
parts which are applied at low temperature operation.

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Mo
Ni
0.005

1,80
-2,10

0.01

0,15
-0,25

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

725

830

690

600

320

Al

0.025

Cu

0.25

/
The temperature range of forging,

/ Critical points,
Ac1

0,90
-1,20

Mf

/at
start of
forging

/
at finish of forging
/
/
main operations
Finishing operations

1220

850

800

/ Place of sampling
1/3 / at 1/3 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction


Impact strength

KCU

J/m 2


Brinell hardness

HB

, /
quenching and tempering
/ reference section or weight of
part
100-300 mm
301-500 mm
501-800 mm

| tangential

680

580

530

830

740

700

12

12

10

:/ longitudinal

38

35

30

:/ longitudinal

50

45

40

| tangential

35

30

30

255

235

223

:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential

23

Catalogue of steel grades

/ Scope

5950-73
:
N
56NiCrMoV7
1.2714

0,50
-0,60

Si

Mn

0,10
-0,40

0,50
-0,80

.

3 ,
, -
..

/ Chemical composition, %
Cr
Ni
Mo
S
0,50
-0,80

1,40
-1,80

0,15
-0,30

0.030

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

730

780

640

610

230

0.030

Cu

0.30

/
The temperature range of forging,

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Tool steel is applied for manufacturing of hammer


dies with weight of dropping parts more than 3 tons,
press tools of hot stamping, submatrix, plugs for horizontal forging machines.

Mf

/ at
start of forging

1220

/
at finishing of forging

/
/ finishing operations
main operations

800

750

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Tensile yield

Direction
Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction


Impact strength, DVM

Hardness

KCU

J/m2

HB ,

850 , . 460-520 . /
/ reference section or weight of
part
200-300 mm
301-500 mm
501-700 mm
701-1000 mm

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

1270

1130

930

730

1470

1320

1180

1000

11

12

15

16

38

36

40

41

44

49

78

80

352-397

321-375

302-341

220-260

40-44

37-42

35-39

28-33

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal

HRC

/ Type of thermal processing


. 850 , . 550 . / Samples. Quenching 850 , oil. Tempering 550 .
700-750 . 840-860 , . 400-480 ( ) / Heating 700-750 .Quenching 840-860 ,oil. Tempering 400480 (final heat treatment condition)
700-750 . 840-860 , . 500-550 ( ) / Heating 700-750 .Quenching 840-860 ,oil. Tempering 500550 (final heat treatment condition)

, HRC
The hardness on the surface
36
44-48
40-43

24

100Cr6

/ Scope
150
, 23 ,
14 ,
, , , , , , .

EN 10250-3
:
GOST
DIN

0,95
-1,05

15
1.3505

Si

Mn

0,15
-0,35

0,25
-0,45

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Mo
Cu
0,015

0,025

1,35
-1,60

0,1

0,3

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

725

900

712

700

210

Mf

Al

0,05

/
The temperature range of forging,

/ Critical points,
Ac1

For manufacturing of balls with diameter up to


150 mm, rolls up to 23 mm, ring of bearings with
wall thickness up to 14 mm, plunger bushing,
plungers, delivery valves, sprayers cases, tappet
rolls, and others parts with high hardness, wear
resistance, and strength

/ at
start of
forging

/ at finishing of forging
/
main operations

/
finishing operations

800

750

1150

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction

Impact strength, DVM

Hardness

KCU

J/m2

HB

HRC

860 , ./ Quenching 860 , oil


/ tempering temperature

500

550

600

650

1030

900

780

690

1270

1080

930

780

10

16

34

36

40

48

20

24

34

54

400

360

325

280

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal

25

Catalogue of steel grades

X30Cr13

/ Scope
, , , ,
,

,
450 .

DIN 17350
:
DIN
GOST

1.4028
30X13

Si

0,28
-0,35

Mn

1.0

1.0

For manufacturing of cutting, measuring instruments, springs, needle valves, rods of piston
compressor, parts of inner devices, and others
parts operated at full capacity in mild conditions
at temperature up to 450 .

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
0.03

0.045

12,0
-14,0

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

810

860

660

710

240

Mf

/ at
start of
forging

/
The temperature range of forging,
/ at finish of forging
/
main operations

/
finishing operations

800

750

1250

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction


Impact strength

KCU

J/m 2


Brinell hardness

HB

1000-1050 , 700-750 , ./ quenching 1000-1050 , oil. Tempering 700-750 ,air


/ Full section or weight of part
1000 mm

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

588

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

735

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

14

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

40

:/ longitudinal
| tangential

29
235-277

26

16MnCr5

/ Scope
,
, , .

: Analog
EN
1.7131
GOST
18, 18

For manufacturing of refining and carburized


parts of high duty operated at high strength.
These parts require toughness of core, high surface hardness that is useful for operation at impact loading.

/ Chemical composition, %

0.14
-0.19

Si

Mn

0.40

1.00
-1.30

0.035

0.035

Cr
0.80
-1.10

/
The temperature range of forging,

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

765

840

730

350

360

Mf

/
start of
forging

/ at
main operations

/
at finishing operations

1230

830

770

/ finish of forging

/ Place of sampling
1/3 / at 1/3 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Tensile yield

Destination
Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction


Impact strength

KCU


Brinell hardness

HB

J/m
2

. /
Quenching & Tempering
/
reference section or weight of part
100-300 mm
100 mm

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

880

820

735

700

10

12

40

45

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal

27

Catalogue of steel grades

17NiCrMo6-4

/ Scope
, , , For manufacturing of gears, hubs, rods, installa , , - tion parts and others. These parts require high
- toughness and medium hardenability.
.

:Analog
EN
1.6566
GOST
19, 20

0.14
-0.20

Si

Mn

0.60
-0.90

0.40

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Mo
Ni
0.035

0.035

0.80
-1.10

0.15
-0.25

/ Critical points,
Ac1
735

Ac3

Ar3

805

790

Ar1

Ms

660

Mf

410

/
start of
forging

1.20
-1.50

/
The temperature range of forging,
/ finish of forging
/ at
main operations

/
at finishing operations

830

770

1230

/ Place of sampling
1/3 / at 1/3 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Destination


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction


Impact strength

KCU


Brinell hardness

HB

J/m
2

. . ./ Normalization. Quenching & Tempaering


/ reference section or weight of
part
100-200 mm
200-300 mm
100 mm

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

910

880

830

1000

960

920

15

16

17

60

55

50

90

95

100

300

290

280

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal

28


18CrNiMo7-6

/ Scope
, , ,
,

For manufacturing of gears, hubs, axle


shafts, pins, others.

:Analog
EN
17CrNiMo6
DIN
1.6587
GOST

Si

0,150,21

Mn

Max
0.35

0.600.90

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Mo
Ni
Max
0.035

Max
0.035

1.501.80

0.250.35

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

745

825

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

Mf

395

/
start of
forging

Al

1.401.70

Min 0.02

/
The temperature range of forging,
/ finish of forging
/ at
main operations

/
at finishing operations

800

750

1220

/ Place of sampling
1/3 / at 1/3 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
. 229 / Annealing. Hardness at
surface 229

/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Destination


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction


Impact strength

KCV


Brinell hardness

HB

25 / Quenching and Tempering


of sample 25

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

Min 785

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

1079-1320

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

Min 8

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal

Min 25

29

Catalogue of steel grades


18NiCrMo5

/ Scope
, , ,
For manufacturing of gears, pins, holding
, , - parts, and others that requires high viscosity
- and medium hardenability

:Analog
EN
17NiCrMo6-4
GOST

Si

0.15
-0.21

Mn

0.15
-0.40

0.60
-0.90

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Mo
Ni
max
0.035

max
0.035

0.70
-1.00

0.15
-0.25

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

730

815

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

Mf

360

/
start of
forging

Al
min 0.02

1.20
-1.50

/
The temperature range of forging,
/ finish of forging
/ at
main operations

/
at finishing operations

800

750

1220

/ Place of sampling
1/3 / at 1/3 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
. 229 / Annealing. Hardness at
surface 229

/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Destination


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction


Impact strength

KDV
M


Brinell hardness

HB

25 / Quenching and Tempering


of sample 25

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

Min 980

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

1230-1550

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

Min 8

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal

Min 40

30

20NiCrMo2-2

/ Scope
, , , , , ,
, ,
.

:Analog
EN
1.6523
GOST
20

0.17
-0.23

Si

Mn

0.65
-0.95

0.40

For manufacturing of gears, axles, rods, pinions,


pins, installation parts. These parts require high
toughness and medium hardenability.

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Mo
Ni
0.035

0.035

0.35
-0.70

0.15
-0.25

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

735

805

790

660

410

Mf

/
start of
forging

0.40
-0.70

/
The temperature range of forging,
/ finish of forging
/ at
main operations

/
at finishing operations

830

770

1230

/ Place of sampling
1/3 / at 1/3 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Destination


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction


Impact strength

KCU


Brinell hardness

HB

J/m
2

( 195) / Normalization ( 195)


/ reference section or weight of
parts
100-300 mm
300-500 mm
100 mm

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

195

195

195

390

390

390

26

23

20

55

50

45

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal

31

Catalogue of steel grades

20MnMoNi4-5

/ Scope
.
, , ,
,

200.

EN 10250-3

:Analog
GOST
20

Si

0,17
-0,23

0.4

Mn

1,00
-1,50

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Ni
Mo
0.035

0.035

0,40
-0,80

0,5

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

755

840

Ar3

Structural alloy steel is considered for manufacturing of lead screw, axles, shafts, worm and
others parts operated in condition of deterioration
and upon reversal loading at temperature up to
200 oC

Ar1

Ms

Mf

690

/at
start of
forging

0,45
-0,60

/
The temperature range of forging,
/at finish of forging
/
main operations

/
finishing operations

800

750

1220

/ Place of sampling
1/4 ( 20 , 80 )/ at 1/4 of
equivalent cross-section thickness (minimum 20 mm, maximum 80 mm)

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation

, / quenching and tempering


/ Designed section or weight of
part
160-330 mm
160mm

| tangential

420

390

:/ longitudinal

580

550

| tangential

14

14

:/ longitudinal

17

17

:/ longitudinal

39

39

| tangential

24

24

:/ longitudinal
| tangential

| radial


Reduction

| tangential

:/ longitudinal
| radial


Impact strength

KV

| radial


Bending angle

Deg

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

32

25CrMo4

/ Scope
.
, , ,
, , , 450500.

EN 10250-3

:Analog
DIN
1.7218
GOST
30
AISI
5140

0,22
-0,29

Si

0,37
-0,43

Mn

0,60
-0,90

Structural alloy steel for manufacturing of pinion gears, shafts, journals, studs, screw nuts, and
others parts operated at temperature up to 450500.

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Mo
0.035

0.035

0,90
-1,20

0,15
-0,30

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

757

807

763

693

Ms

Mf

/ at
start of
forging

1220

/
The temperature range of forging,

/
at finish of forging
/
/
main operations
finishing operations

850

800

/ Place of sampling
1/3 / at 1/3 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
880 , . 500 ./
Quenching 880 , oil. Tempering 500

/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Tensile yield

Tensile strength

Elongation

Reduction

Impact strength

Hardness

Direction
Re

Rm

KCU

J/m 2

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
:/ longitudinal
| tangential

HRC

/ reference section or weight of part

/
on the samples

100-300 mm

650

620

820

750

17

16

70
140

60
130

27

25
880 , . 500 . /
Quenching 880 , water. Tempering 500

/ Type of thermal processing



Tensile yield

Tensile strength

Elongation

Reduction

Impact strength

Hardness

Re

Rm

KCU

J/m 2

HRC

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
:/ longitudinal
| tangential

790

690

930

840

13

18

60
110

60
110

30

25

33

Catalogue of steel grades

26CrNiMoV14-5

/ Scope
.

SEW 555

:Analog
GOST
30232
AISI
4130
EN
27CrNiMoV15-6

Si

0,22
-0,32

0.15

Mn

0,15
-0,40

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Ni
Mo
0.007

0.010

1,20
-1,80

3,40
-4,00

Ac3

725

800

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

Mf

/ at
start of
forging

1220

0,25
-0,45

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Structural alloy steel for manufacturing of


spare parts for steam turbine

0,05
-0,15

/
The temperature range of forging,


/ finish of forging
/ at /
at finishing operations
main operations

850

800

/ Place of sampling
SEW 555 / according to SEW 555 requirements or according to Customer`s requirements

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation

,
/ quenching and tempering
/ Designed section or weight of
part
1250 mm
2000 mm
1000 mm

| tangential

800

750

700

:/ longitudinal

950-1100

900-1050

850-1000

| tangential

10

12

13

:/ longitudinal

13

15

16

| tangential

40

40

40

:/ longitudinal

40

40

40

| tangential

55

63

63

| radial

39

47

47

:/ longitudinal
| tangential

| radial


Reduction

| radial


Impact strength

Bending angle

:/ longitudinal

KV

Deg

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

34

26NiCrMoV11-5

/ Scope
.
,

.

SEW 555

:Analog
GOST
2524
EN
1.6948

Si

0,22
-0,32

015

Mn

0,15
-0,40

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Ni
Mo
0.007

0.015

1,20
-1,80

2,40
-3,10

Ac3

730

775

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

Mf

340

0,25
-0,45

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Structural alloy steel for manufacturing of


large-sized piston rods, sleeves, and others parts
of high toughness and hardenability

/at
start of
forging

0,05
-0,15

/
The temperature range of forging,
/at finish of forging
/
main operations

/
finishing operations

800

750

1220

/ Place of sampling
, / shafts,
disks

1/6 / at 1/6 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Tensile yield

Tensile strength

Elongation

Direction
Re
Rm

M
M

, /
quenching and tempering
/ Designed section or weight of
part
1250 mm
2000 mm
1000 mm

| tangential

750

700

600

:/ longitudinal

900-1050

850-1000

750-900

| tangential

11

12

13

:/ longitudinal

14

15

16

| tangential

40

40

40

:/ longitudinal

40

40

40

| tangential

55

63

63

| radial

39

47

47

:/ longitudinal
| tangential

| radial


Reduction

| radial


Impact strength

Bending angle

:/ longitudinal

KV

Deg

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

35

Catalogue of steel grades

27NiCrMoV11-6

/ Scope
.
,

.

SEW 555

:Analog
GOST
2524
EN
1.6948

Si

0,22
-0,32

015

Mn

0,15
-0,40

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Ni
Mo
0.007

0.015

1,20
-1,80

2,40
-3,10

Ac3

730

775

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

Mf

340

0,25
-0,45

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Structural alloy steel for manufacturing of


large-sized piston rods, sleeves, and others parts
of high toughness and hardenability

/ at
start of
forging

0,05
-0,15

/
The temperature range of forging,
/at finish of forging
/
main operations

/
finishing operations

800

750

1220

/ Place of sampling
, / shafts,
disks

1/6 / at 1/6 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation

, / quenching and tempering


/ Designed section or weight of
part
1250 mm
2000 mm
1000 mm

| tangential

750

700

600

:/ longitudinal

900-1050

850-1000

750-900

| tangential

11

12

13

:/ longitudinal

14

15

16

| tangential

40

40

40

:/ longitudinal

40

40

40

| tangential

55

63

63

| radial

39

47

47

:/ longitudinal
| tangential

| radial


Reduction

| radial


Impact strength

Bending angle

:/ longitudinal

KV

Deg

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

36

28CrNiMoV4-9

/ Scope
.
: , , ,
.

SEW 555

Si

0,25
-0,30

Mn

0,30
-0,80

0.15

/ Chemical composition, %
Cr
Ni
Mo
S
1,00
-1,30

0,50
-0,70

0,75
-1,00

Ac1

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

753

790

490

370

320

Mf

0.007

/ Critical points,

/ atstart of
forging

Structural alloy steel is considered for manufacturing of big sizes of critical parts: shafts, piston rods,
screws, studs, and others heavy-loaded parts of irregular shape

Al

0.01

0.01

0,25
-0,35

/
The temperature range of forging,
/ at finish of forging
/
main operations


/ finishing operations

800

750

1220

/ Place of sampling
SEW 555 / according to SEW 555 requirements or according to Customer`s requirements

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation

, /
quenching and tempering
/ Designed section or weight of
part
1200 mm

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

550

| tangential

:/ longitudinal

700-850

| tangential

12

:/ longitudinal

15

| radial


Reduction

| tangential

:/ longitudinal
| radial

()
Impact strength (Sharpy)

Bending angle

40
40

:/ longitudinal

KV

Deg

| tangential

24

| radial

16

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

37

Catalogue of steel grades

30CrMoNiV5-11

/ Scope
.
, , , , ,

, .

SEW 555

:Analog
GOST
30
EN
1.6946

Si

0,28
-0,34

Mn

0,30
-0,80

0.15

Structural alloy steel for manufacturing of


shafts, solid-forged rotors, disks, gear box spare
parts, screws, studs and others critical parts of
turbines and compressor machines operated at
high temperature

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Ni
Mo
0.007

0.010

1,10
-1,40

0,50
-0,75

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

720

830

555

365

Ms

Mf

/at
start of
forging

1,00
-1,20

0,25
-0,35

Al

0,010

/
The temperature range of forging,
/ at finish of forging
/
main operations

/
finishing operations

850

800

1220

/ Place of sampling
SEW 555 / according to SEW 555 requirements or according to Customer`s requirements

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation

, / quenching and tempering


/ Designed section or weight of
part
1500 mm

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

550

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

700-850

| tangential

12

:/ longitudinal

15

| radial


Reduction

| tangential

40

:/ longitudinal

40

| radial


Impact strength

Bending angle

:/ longitudinal

KV

Deg

| tangential

24

| radial

16

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

38

30CrNiMo8

/ Scope
.
, , , , ,

, .

EN 10250-3

:Analog
GOST
3022
EN
1.6580
AISI
A322, 4340

Si

0,26
-0,33

0.4

Mn

0,30
-0,60

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Ni
Mo
0.035

0.035

1,80
-2,20

1,80
-2,20

0,30
-0,50

/
The temperature range of forging,

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

730

775

Ar3

Structural alloy steel for manufacturing of


shafts, solid-forged rotors, disks, gear box spare
parts, screws, studs and others critical parts of
turbines and compressor machines operated at
high temperature

Ar1

Ms

Mf

340

/ at
start of
forging

/at finish of forging


/
main operations

/
finishing operations

800

750

1220

/ Place of sampling
, / shafts,
disks

1/6 / at 1/6 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation

Reduction

, /
quenching and tempering
/ Designed section or weight of
part
161-330 mm
331-660 mm
160 mm

| tangential

700

630

590

900

850

800

:/ longitudinal

12

12

12

| radial

45

45

40

22

22

20

:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential

| tangential

:/ longitudinal
| radial


Impact strength

:/ longitudinal

KV

| tangential
| radial


Bending angle

Deg

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

39

Catalogue of steel grades

30CrNiMo8

/ Scope
.
Structural alloy steel for manufacturing of
, - shafts, solid-forged rotors, disks, gear box
, , , , spare parts, screws, studs and others critical
parts of turbines and compressor machines oper , - ated at high temperature
.

SEW 550

:Analog
GOST
3022
EN
1.6580
AISI
A322, 4340

Si

0,26
-0,33

0.4

Mn

0,30
-0,60

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Ni
Mo
0.035

0.035

1,80
-2,20

1,80
-2,20

0,30
-0,50

/
The temperature range of forging,

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

730

775

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

Mf

340

/ at
start of
forging

/ at finish of forging
/
main operations

/
finish operations

800

750

1220

/ Place of sampling
, / shafts,
disks

1/6 / at 1/6 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Tensile yield

Tensile strength

Elongation

Reduction

Direction
Re
Rm

M
M

, /
quenching and tempering
/ Designed section or weight of
part
251-500 mm
501-1000 mm
250 mm

| tangential

658

635

590

:/ longitudinal

880-1080

830-980

780-930

| tangential

10

10

10

:/ longitudinal

12

12

12

| radial

:/ longitudinal

45

45

45

| tangential

34

34

34

| radial

24

24

24

:/ longitudinal
| tangential

| tangential

:/ longitudinal
| radial


Impact strength

Bending angle

KV

Deg

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

40

34CrNiMo6

/ Scope
.
: , , ,
.

EN 10250-3

:Analog
GOST
3422
AISI
4340

Si

0,30
-0,38

Mn

0,50
-0,80

0.40

/ Chemical composition, %
Cr
Ni
Mo
S
1,30
-1,70

1,30
-1,70

0,15
-0,30

0.035

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

753

790

490

370

320

Mf

/at
start of
forging

1220

0.035

/
The temperature range of forging,

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Structural alloy steel is considered for manufacturing of big sizes of critical parts: shafts, piston rods,
screws, studs, and others heavy-loaded parts of irregular shape


/at finish of forging
/
/ finishing operations
main operations

850

750

/ Place of sampling
, / shafts,
disks

1/6 / at 1/6 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation

Reduction

, /
quenching and tempering
/ Designed section or weight of
part
161-330 mm
331-660 mm
160 mm

| tangential

600

540

490

800

750

700

:/ longitudinal

13

14

15

| radial

10

11

45

45

40

22

22

20

:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential

| tangential

:/ longitudinal
| radial


Impact strength, DVM

:/ longitudinal

KCU

| tangential
| radial


Bending angle

Deg

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

41

Catalogue of steel grades

34CrNiMo6

/ Scope
.
: , , ,
.

SEW 550

:Analog
GOST
3422
AISI
4340

Si

0,30
-0,38

Mn

0,40
-0,70

0.40

/ Chemical composition, %
Cr
Ni
Mo
S
1,30
-1,70

1,30
-1,70

0,15
-0,30

0.022

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

753

790

490

370

320

Mf

/ atstart of
forging

0.025

/
The temperature range of forging,

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Structural alloy steel is considered for manufacturing of big sizes of critical parts: shafts, piston rods,
screws, studs, and others heavy-loaded parts of irregular shape

/ at finish of forging
/
main operations


/ finishing operations

850

750

1220

/ Place of sampling
, / Shafts,
disks

1/6 / at 1/6 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation

Reduction

, /
quenching and tempering
/ Designed section or weight of
part
251-500 mm
501-1000 mm
250 mm

| tangential

590

540

490

:/ longitudinal

780-930

740-890

690-840

| tangential

11

12

13

:/ longitudinal

13

14

15

| radial

10

11

:/ longitudinal

41

41

41

| tangential

31

31

31

| radial

21

21

21

:/ longitudinal
| tangential

| tangential

:/ longitudinal
| radial


Impact strength, DVM

Bending angle

KCU

Deg

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

42

34

/ Scope
.
, ,
, ,
, , , , , ,
, 500

108.1029-81
:Analog
34CrMo4
EN

0,30
-0,38

Si

0.17
-0.37

Mn

/ Chemical composition, %
Ni
Mo
S
P
Cu

Cr

0.4
-0.7

Structural alloy steel for manufacturing of disks,


shafts, turbine and compressor machine rotors, excavator shafts, spindles, sleeves, pinion gears, halfcoupling, pinion shafts, , main studs, and others highloaded units that are expected to high requirements
of mechanical properties and operated at temperature up to 500 oC

0.9
-1.2

0.4
-0.55

0,4

0.022

0.025

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

760

830

740

660

0,25

The temperature range of forging,

/
main operations

Ms

/
finishing operations

/ start

| finish

/ start

1200

800

950

| finish

750

/ Place of sampling
/ Disks
, / shafts, rotors

, / At inside surface of hub or from hub end, or from rim that depends on sizes of equipment
: 1/3 /
longitudinal at 1/3 radius from outer surface
: /
Tangential: from allowance to body

/ Mechanical properties
/
Type of thermal processing

Parameter

, /
quenching and tempering

Direction

/ Designed section or weight of part

80 t
461


Tensile yield

Re
(min)

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

490


Tensile strength

Rm
(min)

| tangential

608

:/ longitudinal

638


Elongation

A
(min)

| tangential

11

:/ longitudinal

15


Reduction

Z
(min)

| tangential

32

:/ longitudinal

40


Impact strength

KV
(min)


Impact strength

KCU
(min)

/
J/2


Brinell hardness

HB


Bending angle

.
Deg

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
2

| tangential

44

:/ longitudinal

59
30. ; 40 . /
differential no more than 30 units upon circle; 40 units of moving line

| tangential

120

:/ longitudinal

150

43

Catalogue of steel grades

343

/ Scope
.
, ,
, -, , , 500

108.1028-81

0,30
-0,40

Si

0.17
-0.37

Mn

/ Chemical composition, %
Ni
Mo
S
P
Cu

Cr

0.5
-0.8

0.7
-1.1

2.75
-3,25

0.5
-0.8

0.022

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

Ar3

720

790

490

Structural alloy steel for manufacturing of shafts,


rotors, disks of steam turbine, gear shaft, sleeve, gear
wheels, and others heavy-loaded equipment operated at temperature up to 500 oC

Ar1

0.025

0,25
-0,4

/ The temperature
range of forging,

At the core operations

Ms

/ start

1100

| finish

900


In finishing operations

/ start

950

| finish

850

/ Place of sampling
, / at inside surface of hub or from hub end, or from rim that depends on sizes of equipment

/ Disks

: 1/3 / longitudinal at 1/3 radius from outside surface


, / shafts, rotors
: / tangential from allowance to body

/ Mechanical properties
, /
Quenching and tempering

/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re
(min)

| tangential


Tensile strength

Rm
(min)

| tangential


Elongation

A
(min)


Reduction

Z
(min)


Impact strength

KV
(min)


Impact strength

KCU
(min)

/
2
J/2


Brinell hardness

HB


Bending angle

.
Deg

/ Design section or weight of part

450 mm
664-733

:/ longitudinal

818

:/ longitudinal
| tangential

12

:/ longitudinal
| tangential

40

:/ longitudinal
| tangential

49

:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal

35 . / differential
no more than 35 units between rim and hub
| tangential
:/ longitudinal

120

44

36CrNiMo16

/ Scope
.
, , , , ,

, .

EN 10250-3

/Analog:
GOST
3622
EN
1.6773

Si

0,32
-0,39

Mn

0,30
-0,60

0.4

Ac1

Ac3

740

780

Structural steel for production of shafts,


solid-forged rotors, disks, gear box spare parts,
screws, studs, and other critical parts of turbines
and compressor machines operated at high temperature

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Ni
Mo
0.035

/
Critical points,
Ar3

Ar1

400

300

0.035

Ms

1,60
-2,00

Mf

3,60
-4,10

0,25
-0,45

/
The temperature range of forging,

/ At
start of
forging

/ At finish of forging
/
main operations


/finishing operations

900

850

1220

/ Place of sampling
, / shafts,
disks

1/6 / at 1/6 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing
/
Parameter

/
Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation

Reduction

, / quenching and tempering


/ reference section or weight of
part
161-330
mm
331-660 mm
160 mm

| tangential

800

800

800

1000

1000

1000

:/ longitudinal

11

11

11

| radial

45

45

45

22

22

20

:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential

| tangential

:/ longitudinal
| radial


Impact strength

:/ longitudinal

KV

| tangential
| radial


Bending angle

Deg

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

45

Catalogue of steel grades

42CrMo4

/ Scope

, , , , . , 400; - .

EN 10250-3

:Analog
EN
1.7225, 1.7227
GOST
38
AISI
4140

Si

0,38
-0,43

Mn

0,40
-0,43

0,15
-0,35

Structural alloy steel for manufacturing of


spline shafts, rods, adjusting screws, traverses,
shafts of digging machines and others products
operated at temperature up to 400; after
quenching and low tempering spiral pinion shafts
and others parts of higher wear resistance.

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Mo
0,025

0,025

0,80
-1,10

0,15
-0,30

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

758

805

725

650

Ms

Mf

/ at
start of
forging

1220

/
The temperature range of forging,

/
at finishing of forging
/
/
main operations
finishing operations

850

800

/ Place of sampling
1/3 / at 1/3 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Tensile yield

Direction
Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction


Impact strength

KV

J/m 2

Hardness

HB

, /
quenching and tempering
/ reference section or weight of
part
/
100-300 mm
301-500 mm
on the samples

| tangential

500

460

390

750

700

600

14

15

16

:/ longitudinal

10

11

12

| tangential

16

14

12

:/ longitudinal

30

27

22

:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential

46


39NiCrMo3

/ Scope

0
:Analog
EN
36CrNiMo4
DIN
1.6511
GOST

Si

Mn

0.35
-0.43

0.15
-0.40

0.50
-0.80

, , ,
, ,

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Mo
Ni
max 0.035

max
0.035

0.60
-1.00

0.15
-0.25

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

740

790

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

Mf

330

/
start of
forging

For manufacturing of crankshafts, gears, disks,


and other heavy-loaded parts of irregular shapes
which operate at dynamic load. These parts require
high strength at sufficient flexibility and viscosity

Al

0.701.00

min
0.02

/
The temperature range of forging,
/ finish of forging
/ at main operations

/
at finishing operations

800

750

1220

/ Place of sampling
12,5 / at 12.5 mm from heat treated surface

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Tensile yield

Tensile strength

Elongation

Reduction

Destination
Re
Rm
A
Z


Impact strength

KV


Brinell hardness

HB

M
M
%
%

. . / Quenching and tempering


/
Reference section or weight of part
501-1000 mm
500 mm

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

Min 540

Min 540

740-880

740-880

Min 13

Min 13

Min 50

Min 50

Min 30

Min 30

240-280

230-270

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal

47

Catalogue of steel grades

62CrMoV6

/ Scope
, , , ,

EN 10027

/Analog:
GOST
60

/ Chemical composition, %
Mn
S
P
Cr
V

Si

0,60
-0,65

0,20
-0,40

0,40
-0,60

0.015

0.015

1,30
-1,50

Ac1

Ac3

750

800

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

Mf

250

Mo

0,07
-0,12

/ Critical points,

/ at
start of
forging

For production of equipment for general, heavy


engineering,machine-building engineering, shafts,
hubs, bandages, working roll of small-section mill
for hot rolling

Al

0,25
-0,30

0.025

/
The temperature range of forging,
/At finish of forging
/
main operation


/finishing operation

800

750

1200

/ Place of sampling
/ Barrels

1/2 . 100
. / 1/2 of wall thickness from barrel top surface. Tangential on the distance of 100 mm from heat treated
surface

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation

, /
quenching and tempering
/ reference section or weight of
part
225 mm

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

650

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

900

| tangential

:/ longitudinal

12

| radial


Reduction

| tangential

:/ longitudinal

40

| radial


Impact strength

:/ longitudinal

KV

14

| tangential
| radial


Brinell hardness

HB

285-320

48

AISI 4130

/ Scope

, , ,
, , , 450500

:Analog
DIN
25CrMo4
EN
1,7218
GOST
30

Si

0,28
-0,33

Mn

0,15
-0,35

0,40
-0,60

Structural alloy steel for manufacturing of pinion gears, shafts, journals, studs, screw nuts, and
others products operated at temperature up to
450-500

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Mo
Ni
0,025

0,025

0,80
-1,10

0,15
-0,25

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

750

815

760

685

Ms

Mf

/ at
start of
forging

1220

Cu

0,25

0,35

/
The temperature range of forging,

/
at finish of forging
/
/
main operations
finishing operations

850

800

/ Place of sampling
/ shafts

25,4 / 25,4 mm from heat-treated surface

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Tensile yield

Direction
Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction


Impact strength

KCU

J/m 2


Impact strength

KV-60

Hardness

HB

880 , . 540 / quenching 880 , oil. Tempering 540


/ reference section or weight of
part
/
100-300 mm
301-500 mm
on the samples

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

735

690

517

930

840

655

12

17

15

55

63

35

78

59

54

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal

27

49

Catalogue of steel grades

AISI 4140

/ Scope

, , , , . , 400; - .

:Analog
DIN
41CrMo4
42CrMo4
EN
1.7225, 1.7227
GOST
38

Si

0,38
-0,43

Mn

0,75
-1,00

0,15
-0,35

Structural alloy steel for manufacturing of


spline shafts, rods, adjusting screws, traverses,
shafts of digging machines and others products
operated at temperature up to 400; after
quenching and low tempering spiral pinion shafts
and others parts of higher wear resistance.

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Mo
Ni
0,025

0,025

0,80
-1,10

0,15
-0,30

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

758

805

725

650

Ms

Mf

/ at
start of
forging

1220

0,25

0,05

Al

0,020
-0,050

/
The temperature range of forging,

/
at finish of forging
/
/
main operations
finishing operations

850

800

/ Place of sampling
/ shafts

25,4 / 25,4 mm from heat-treated surface

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Tensile yield

Direction
Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction


Impact strength

KCU

J/m 2

Hardness

HB

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

850 , . 600 / quenching 850 , water. Tempering 600


/ reference section or weight of
part
/
100-300 mm
301-500 mm
on the samples
700
570
750

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

19

49

50

61

54

45

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

17
11

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

770

970

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

830

68
270-340

50

AISI 4150

/ Scope
.
3 ,
,
,
.

:Analog
DIN
50CrMo4
EN
1.7228
GOST
5XA, 5

Si

0,48
-0,53

Mn

0,15
-0,35

0,75
-1,00

Tool steel is applied for manufacturing of hammer dies with weight of dropping part up to 3
tons, forged stamps of hot pressing, shafts of
heavy-section mill, medium-section mill, smallsection mill for rolling of hard metal.

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Mo
Ni
0.025

0.025

0,80
-1,10

0,15
-0,30

0.25

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

700

800

695

660

220

Mf

Cu

0.35

0.05

/
The temperature range of forging,

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Al

0,02
-0,05

/ at
start of
forging

/
at finish of forging
/
/
finishing operations
main operations

1220

800

750

/ Place of sampling
1/3 / at 1/3 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction

Impact strength

Hardness

KCU

J/m2

HB

HRC

840-870 , . 580-630 , .
* , / Normalization 840-870 , air. Tempering 580-630
, furnace. * Quenching, tempering
/ reference section or weight of
part
300 mm
600 mm
900 mm 1200 mm

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

450

420

550*

390

340

760

730

725*

690

670

12

12

15*

11

10

35

30

40*

25

20

29

25

230-280

225-265

270-320*

205-255

200-240

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal

51

Catalogue of steel grades

AISI 4340

/ Scope

, ,
, ,
, , ,
,
.

:Analog
DIN
36CrNiMo4
34CrNiMo6,
EN
1.6511, 1.6582
GOST
402MA,
3822MA

Si

0,38
-0,43

Mn

0,15
-0,35

0,60
-0,80

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Mo
Ni
0,025

0,020

0,70
-0,90

0,20
-0,30

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

730

820

550

380

320

Mf

/ at
start of
forging

1220

1,65
-2,00

Structural alloy steel for manufacturing of bent


shafts, valves, connecting rods, big end caps, adjusting screws, gears, clutch couplings, disks, and
others heavy-loaded parts of irregular shape applied in enhanced condition.

Al

0,020
-0,050

Cu

0,35

0,05

/
The temperature range of forging,

/
At finish of forging
/
/
main operations
finishing operations

850

800

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction

KCU

J/m 2

HB ,


Impact strength

Hardness

HRC

850 , . 620 . / quenching 850 , iol. Tempering 620


/ reference section or weight of
part
/
100-300 mm
301-500 mm
501-800 mm
on the samples

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

690

640

590

540

895

785

735

685

14

12

12

12

35

33

30

30

54

49

44

44

320

300-340

290-320

240-270

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal

52

C22

/ Scope
, ,
,
-40
450 . ,
.

EN 10250-2
: Analog
EN
1.0402
GOST
20

0,17
-0,24

Si

Mn

0,40
-0,70

0.40

This steel is applied after normalization or without


heat-treatment for manufacturing of crane hook,
sleeves, screws, bearing liners, and others are
operated at temperature -40 oC up to 450 oC at
pressure. After chemico-thermal treatment the
gears, screws and other parts require high surface hardness at medium core strength.

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Mo
Ni
0.045

0.045

0.45

0.10

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

735

850

835

680

Ms

Mf

/
start of
forging

Cr+ Ni+ Mo
0,63

0.40

/
The temperature range of forging,
/ finish of forging
/
at main operations

/
at finishing operations

750

700

1260

/ Place of sampling
1/3 / at 1/3 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Tensile yield

Destination
Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction


Impact strength

KCU


Brinell hardness

HB

J/m
2

( 175) / Normalization ( 175)


/ reference section or weight of
parts
100-300 mm
300-500 mm
500-800 mm
100 mm

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

175

175

175

175

350

350

350

350

28

24

22

20

55

50

45

40

64

59

54

49

100-140

100-140

100-140

100-140

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal

53

Catalogue of steel grades

C45

/ Scope
-,
, ,
, , ,
,
, .

EN 10250-2
:Analog
EN
1.0503
GOST
45

0,42
-0,50

Si

Mn

0,50
-0,80

0.40

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Mo
Ni
0.045

0.045

0.40

0.10

/ Critical points,
Ac1
730

Ac3

Ar3

755

690

This steel is applied for manufacturing of gears,


gear shafts, bent shafts, cam shafts, rims, cylinders and other parts with normalizing, hardening
and surface heat-treatment that require high
strength.

Ar1

Ms

780

Mf

350

/
start of
forging

Cr+ Ni+ Mo
0,63

0.40

/
The temperature range of forging,
/ finish of forging
/ at
main operations

/
at finishing operations

800

750

1240

/ Place of sampling
1/3 / at 1/3 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Destination


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction


Impact strength

KV


Brinell hardness

HB

| tangential

315

275

245

230

580

530

470

470

12

12

11

16

15

15

15

40

34

30

30

| tangential

11

11

10

:/ longitudinal

15

15

12

155-190

145-175

145-175

:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal

160-200

. . . / Normalization. Quenching & Tempering

/ Type of thermal processing



Tensile yield

Re

. / Normalization
/ reference section or weight of
part
100-300 mm
300-500 mm
500-800 mm
100 mm


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction

KV

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

370

345

320

630

590

540

12

11

18

18

17

50

45

40

15

12

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential

54

C60

/ Scope
,
, ,
, ,
, ,
,
,
.

EN 10250-2
: Analog
EN
1.0601
GOST
60

0,57
-0,65

Si

Mn

0,60
-0,90

0.40

For manufacturing of solid-rolled wheels, working


rolls of hot-rolling mills, spindles, rims, clutch
disks, C-ring of damper, key shim, adjusting shim,
and others that require high strength and wear
resistance.

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Mo
Ni
0.045

0.045

0.40

0.10

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

725

750

745

690

Ms

Mf

/
start of
forging

Cr+ Ni+ Mo
0,63

0.40

/
The temperature range of forging,
/ finish of forging
/ at
main operations

/
at finishing operations

800

750

1240

/ Place of sampling
1/3 / at 1/3 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Tensile yield

Destination
Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction


Impact strength

KV


Brinell hardness

HB

780-830 , . 560 . /
Quenching 780-830, oil. Tempering 560 .
/
Reference section or weight of part
100-300 mm
100 mm

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

590

540

920

880

19

20

50

50

24

24

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal

780-830 , . 610 .
Quenching 780-830, oil. Tempering 610 .

/ Type of thermal processing



Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

480

390

730

680

25

27

60

55

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal

55

Catalogue of steel grades

S355J2G3

/ Scope
.
, ,
,
-40 +475 .

EN 10250-2

:Analog
GOST
17C
DIN
St52.3

Si

0,16
-0,22

Mn

0,40
-0,60

1,00
-1,60

Structural alloy steel for manufacturing of apparatus cases, bottoms, flanges and other welded
parts operated by pressure at temperature from
40 up to +475 .

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Mo
Ni
0.035

0.035

0.30

0.08

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

745

870

790

680

380

Mf

/ at
start of
forging

1220

Al

0,02
-0,06

0.4

Cr+Mo+Ni
0.48

/
The temperature range of forging,

/
at finish of forging
/
/
main operations
finishing operations

850

800

/ Place of sampling
1/3 / at 1/3 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Reduction


Impact strength

KCU

J/m 2


Brinell hardness

HB

870-890 , . 620-630 / Normalization 870-890 , air. Tempering 620-630


/ reference section or weight of
part
/
100-300 mm
301-500 mm
501-1000 mm
on the samples

| tangential
:/ longitudinal

315

275

265

245

490

450

450

430

20

18

18

15

35

30

27

23

| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
:/ longitudinal
| tangential

56

20Mn5

/ Scope
.
,
, ,

.

EN 10250-2
:Analog
GOST
20
EN
1.1133
AISI
1022, 1518

Si

0,17
-0,23

0.4

Mn

1,00
-1,50

After refining this steel is considered for manufacturing of rivets of high-duty. After carbonization or
cyanidation this steel is considered for manufacturing of piston pins, friction disks, pin spring, cam
shaft, and others parts with high hardness value
and surface wear resistance

/ Chemical composition, %
S
P
Cr
Ni
Mo
0.035

0.035

0,40

0,40

/ Critical points,
Ac1

Ac3

Ar3

Ar1

Ms

723

830

830

680

420

Mf

/
start of
forging

Cr+ Ni+ Mo

0,10

Al

0,63

0.020

/
The temperature range of forging,
/ finish of forging
/ at
main operations

/
at finishing operations

800

750

1230

/ Place of sampling
, / shafts,
disks

1/6 / at 1/6 of diameter or wall thickness

/ Mechanical properties
/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Impact strength

KV

| tangential

300

280

260

250

:/ longitudinal

530

520

500

490

:/ longitudinal
| tangential
| tangential

20

20

20

20

:/ longitudinal

22

22

22

22

:/ longitudinal

50

50

40

40

| tangential

35

/ Type of thermal processing

Parameter

Direction


Tensile yield

Re


Tensile strength

Rm


Elongation


Impact strength

KV

/ normalization
/ Designed section or weight of
part
101-250 mm
251-500 mm
501-1000 mm
100 mm

35
27
27
,
/ quenching and tempering
/ Designed section or weight of
part
71-160 mm
161-330 mm
70 mm

| tangential

400

300

300

550

500

500

18

18

:/ longitudinal

16

20

20

:/ longitudinal

50

45

45

30

30

:/ longitudinal
| tangential
:/ longitudinal
| tangential

| tangential

57

Catalogue of steel grades

/
Tolerances and allowances on forgings

, /
Section, mm

200-315
320-400
410-500
510-650
660-800
810-1000
1010-1500

. , /
tolerance on machined forgings, mm

-0/+3
-0/+3
-0/+3
-0/+3
-0/+3
-0/+3
-0/+5

. /
Forgings without machining
., /
allowance on diameter, mm
16
19
24
30
37
46
50

, /
tolerance , mm
+/- 3
+/-4
+/-5
+/-6
+/-8
+/-9
+/-10

58

(), / Height (H), mm

L=1000 /
Table of delivery weight on plates with length L=1000 mm

150
180
200
230
250
280
300
330
350
380
400
430
450
480
500
530
550
580
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
950
1000
1050
1100
1150
1200
1300
1400
1500

300
0,3533
0,424
0,471
0,542
0,589
0,659
0,707
0,777
0,824
0,895
0,942
1,013
1,06
1,13
1,178
1,248
1,295
1,366
1,413
1,531
1,649
1,766
1,884
2,002
2,12
2,237
2,355
2,473
2,591
2,708
2,826
3,062
3,297
3,533

400
0,471
0,565
0,628
0,722
0,785
0,879
0,942
1,036
1,099
1,193
1,256
1,35
1,413
1,507
1,57
1,664
1,727
1,821
1,884
2,041
2,198
2,355
2,512
2,669
2,826
2,983
3,14
3,297
3,454
3,611
3,768
4,082
4,396
4,71

500
0,589
0,707
0,785
0,903
0,981
1,099
1,178
1,295
1,374
1,492
1,57
1,688
1,766
1,884
1,963
2,08
2,159
2,277
2,355
2,551
2,748
2,944
3,14
3,336
3,533
3,729
3,925
4,121
4,318
4,514
4,71
5,103
5,495
5,888

(), . / Width (B), mm


600
700
800
900
0,707 0,824 0,942 1,06
0,848 0,989
1,13 1,272
0,942 1,099 1,272 1,413
1,083 1,264 1,444 1,625
1,178 1,374
1,57 1,766
1,319 1,539 1,758 1,978
1,413 1,649 1,884 2,12
1,554 1,813 2,072 2,331
1,649 1,923 2,198 2,473
1,79 2,088 2,386 2,685
1,884 2,198 2,512 2,826
2,025 2,363
2,7 3,038
2,12 2,473 2,826 3,179
2,261 2,638 3,014 3,391
2,355 2,748
3,14 3,533
2,496 2,912 3,328 3,744
2,591 3,022 3,454 3,886
2,732 3,187 3,642 4,098
2,826 3,297 3,768 4,239
3,062 3,572 4,082 4,592
3,297 3,847 4,396 4,946
3,533 4,121
4,71 5,299
3,768 4,396 5,024 5,652
4,004 4,671 5,338 6,005
4,239 4,946 5,652 6,359
4,475 5,22 5,966 6,712
4,71 5,495
6,28 7,065
4,946 5,77 6,594 7,418
5,181 6,045 6,908 7,772
5,417 6,319 7,222 8,125
5,652 6,594 7,536 8,478
6,123 7,144 8,164 9,185
6,594 7,693 8,792 9,891
7,065 8,243
9,42 10,6

1000
1,178
1,413
1,57
1,806
1,963
2,198
2,355
2,591
2,748
2,983
3,14
3,376
3,925
3,768
3,925
4,161
4,318
4,553
4,71
5,103
5,495
5,888
6,28
6,673
7,065
7,458
7,85
8,243
8,635
9,028
9,42
10,21
10,99
11,78

1100
1,295
1,554
1,727
1,986
2,159
2,418
2,591
2,85
3,022
3,281
3,454
3,713
3,885
4,145
4,318
4,577
4,749
5,008
5,181
5,613
6,045
6,476
6,908
7,34
7,772
8,203
8,635
9,067
9,499
9,93
10,362
11,226
12,089
12,953

1200
1,413
1,696
1,884
2,167
2,355
2,638
2,826
3,109
3,297
3,58
3,768
4,051
4,239
4,522
4,71
4,993
5,181
5,464
5,652
6,123
6,594
7,065
7,536
8,007
8,478
8,949
9,42
9,891
10,362
10,833
11,304
12,246
13,188
14,13

1300
1,531
1,837
2,041
2,347
2,551
2,857
3,062
3,368
3,572
3,878
4,082
4,388
4,592
4,898
5,103
5,409
5,613
5,919
6,123
6,633
7,144
7,654
8,164
8,674
9,185
9,695
10,21
10,72
11,23
11,74
12,25
13,27
14,2871
15,31

59

Catalogue of steel grades

(), / Height (H), mm

L=1000 /
Table of delivery weight on plates with length L=1000 mm

150
180
200
230
250
280
300
330
350
380
400
430
450
480
500
530
550
580
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
950
1000
1050
1100
1150
1200
1300
1400
1500

1400
1,649
1,978
2,198
2,528
2,748
3,077
3,297
3,627
3,847
4,176
4,396
4,726
4,946
5,275
5,495
5,825
6,045
6,374
6,594
7,144
7,693
8,243
8,792
9,342
9,891
10,44
10,99
11,54
12,09
12,64
13,19
14,29
15,39
16,49

1500
1,766
2,12
2,355
2,708
2,944
3,297
3,533
3,886
4,121
4,475
4,71
5,063
5,299
5,652
5,888
6,241
6,476
6,83
7,065
7,654
8,243
8,831
9,42
10,009
10,598
11,186
11,775
12,364
12,953
13,541
14,13
15,308
16,485
17,663

(), . / Width (B), mm


1600 1700 1800 1900 2000
2500
1,884 2,002
2,12 2,237 2,355 2,944
2,261 2,402 2,543 2,685 2,826 3,533
2,512 2,669 2,826 2,983 3,14 3,925
2,889
3,07 3,251 3,431 3,612 4,515
3,14 3,337 3,533 3,73 3,926 4,908
3,517 3,737 3,956 4,176 4,396 5,495
3,768 4,004 4,239 4,475 4,71 5,888
4,145 4,405 4,664 4,923 5,182 6,478
4,396 4,672 4,946 5,221 5,496
6,87
4,773 5,071 5,369 5,668 5,966 7,458
5,024 5,338
5,58 5,966
6,2
7,75
5,401 5,739 6,077 6,414 6,752
8,44
5,652 6,005 6,359 6,713 7,066 8,833
6,029 6,406 6,782 7,159 7,536
9,42
6,28 6,673 7,065 7,458 7,85 9,813
6,657 7,074
7,49 7,906 8,322 10,403
6,908 7,341 7,772 8,204 8,636 10,795
7,285
7,74 8,195 8,651 9,106 11,383
7,536 8,007 8,478 8,949 9,42 11,775
8,164 8,675 9,185 9,696 10,21 12,758
8,792 9,342 9,891 10,44 10,99 13,738
9,42 10,01
10,6 11,19 11,78 14,72
10,048 10,68
11,3 11,93 12,56
15,7
10,676 11,34 12,01 12,68 13,35 16,683
11,304 12,01 12,72 13,42 14,13 17,663
11,932 12,68 13,42 14,17 14,92 18,645
12,56 13,35 14,13 14,92 15,7 19,625
13,188 14,01 14,83715,662 16,48 20,608
13,816 14,68 15,54 16,41 17,27 21,588
14,444 15,35 16,25 17,15 18,06 22,57
15,072 16,01 16,96 17,9 18,84 23,55
16,328 17,35 18,37 19,39 20,41 25,513
17,584 18,68 19,78 20,88 21,98 27,475
18,84 20,02
21,2 22,37 23,55 29,438

3000
3,533
4,239
4,71
5,418
5,889
6,594
7,065
7,773
8,34
8,949
9,3
10,128
10,599
11,304
11,775
12,483
12,954
13,659
14,13
15,309
16,485
17,664
18,84
20,019
21,15
22,374
23,55
24,729
25,905
27,084
28,26
30,615
32,97
35,325

3500
4,121
4,946
5,495
6,321
6,871
7,693
8,243
9,069
9,618
10,441
10,99
11,816
12,366
13,188
13,738
14,564
15,113
15,936
16,485
17,861
19,233
20,608
21,98
23,356
24,728
26,103
27,475
28,851
30,223
31598
32,97
35,718
38,465
41,213

60

.300 1500 1000 /


Table of weight for round bars with diameter 300 mm up to 1500 mm, L=1000 mm

/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
Diameter weight
Diameter weight
Diameter weight
Diameter weight
Diameter weight
Diameter weight
300
0,555
510
1,602
720
3,192
930
5,33
1140
8,011
1350
11,233
305
0,573
515
1,633
725
3,241
935
5,386
1145
8,078
1355
11,313
310
0,592
520
1,664
730
3,284
940
5,447
1150
8,152
1360
11,4
315
0,612
525
1,701
735
3,327
945
5,503
1155
8,22
1365
11,48
320
0,631
530
1,732
740
3,377
950
5,564
1160
8,294
1370
11,566
325
0,651
535
1,762
745
3,42
955
5,62
1165
8,362
1375
11,652
330
0,671
540
1,799
750
3,468
960
5,681
1170
8,436
1380
11,732
335
0,692
545
1,83
755
3,512
965
5,737
1175
8,51
1385
11,819
340
0,713
550
1,867
760
3,562
970
5,798
1180
8,578
1390
11,905
345
0,734
555
1,898
765
3,605
975
5,86
1185
8,651
1395
11,991
350
0,755
560
1,935
770
3,654
980
5,916
1190
8,725
1400
12,078
355
0,777
565
1,966
775
3,703
985
5,977
1195
8,799
1405
12,164
360
0,799
570
2,003
780
3,746
990
6,039
1200
8,873
1410
12,25
365
0,821
575
2,04
785
3,796
995
6,1
1205
8,947
1415
12,336
370
0,844
580
2,07
790
3,845
1000
6,162
1210
9,021
1420
12,423
375
0,867
585
2,107
795
3,894
1005
6,224
1215
9,095
1425
12,515
380
0,89
590
2,144
800
3,946
1010
6,285
1220
9,169
1430
12,601
385
0,914
595
2,181
805
3,993
1015
6,347
1225
9,249
1435
12,688
390
0,938
600
2,218
810
4,042
1020
6,408
1230
9,323
1440
12,78
395
0,962
605
2,255
815
4,092
1025
6,476
1235
9,397
1445
12,866
400
0,986
610
2,292
820
4,141
1030
6,538
1240
9,477
1450
12,959
405
1,011
615
2,329
825
4,196
1035
6,6
1245
9,551
1455
13,045
410
1,036
620
2,366
830
4,246
1040
6,667
1250
9,631
1460
13,137
415
1,062
625
2,409
835
4,295
1045
6,729
1255
9,705
1465
13,224
420
1,086
630
2,446
840
4,35
1050
6,797
1260
9,785
1470
13,316
425
1,114
635
2,483
845
4,4
1055
6,858
1265
9,859
1475
13,409
430
1,14
640
2,526
850
4,454
1060
6,926
1270
9,939
1480
13,495
435
1,167
645
2,563
855
4,504
1065
6,988
1275
10,019
1485
13,587
440
1,194
650
2,605
860
4,56
1070
7,055
1280
10,093
1490
13,68
445
1,221
655
2,643
865
4,609
1075
7,123
1285
10,173
1495
13,772
450
1,248
660
2,687
870
4,665
1080
7,185
1290
10,254
1500
13,865
455
1,276
665
2,724
875
4,72
1085
7,253
1295
10,334
460
1,305
670
2,767
880
4,769
1090
7,32
1300
10,414
465
1,333
675
2,81
885
4,825
1095
7,388
1305
10,494
470
1,362
680
2,847
890
4,88
1100
7,456
1310
10,574
475
1,391
685
2,89
895
4,936
1105
7,524
1315
10,654
480
1,42
690
2,933
900
4,994
1110
7,592
1320
10,734
485
1,45
695
2,976
905
5,047
1115
7,659
1325
10,82
490
1,48
700
3,021
910
5,102
1120
7,727
1330
10,901
495
1,511
705
3,063
915
5,158
1125
7,801
1335
10,981
500
1,541
710
3,106
920
5,213
1130
7,869
1340
11,067
505
1,571
715
3,149
925
5,275
1135
7,937
1345
11,147

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