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Francine 5hapiro

LYL OVLLT
DLSLSTZATO
AD PLPOCLSSC
8asic rinciples, roIocols,
and rocedures
The Guiford Press
New York London
dpaucuu manupo
CXOTLA
O}OHA!LHLX
TA8 C OOLLK
j8*LH !A3
Ocnoene npnnunn, npo:oko
n npouepyp
epeeop c aninnckoio A.C. ninna
op pepakunen pok:opa ncnxooinecknx nayk
npoqeccopa A.C. Lonpapenko
Nockaa
Hesaaucumas qupma Knacc"
1998
YK 6i5.85i
bbK 5J.5?
4?
Uaunpu 4.
4? Hcnxu1cpaunu avuununantnux 1panv c uuvumt nnxcnn
rnai: Ocnonnwo hpunuuhw, hpofokonw u hpouonypw/Iop.
c anin. A.C. Iuiuna. M.: Hosanucuman qupma Knacc,
i8. 46 c. (bunuofoka hcuxonoiuu u hcuxofopahuu).
S8N 5-8bJ75-102-9 {4)
knuio amopukanckoio hcuxofopahonfa pncun Hahupo ohu-
can paspaofannwu ok nonwu hcuxofopahonfunockuu mofon hopopaofku
mouuonaninwx fpanm c homomik nnuxonuu inas. Ofa ynukaninan
foxnuka qqokfunno uchonisyofcn n paofo c xopfnamu usnacunona-
nun, ynacfnukamu noonnwx noucfnuu, nknimu, hopoxunmumu cfu-
xuunoo oncfnuo, c hauuonfamu, cfpanakmumu nuccouuafunnwmu pac-
cfpoucfnamu, u f.n.
Anfop ocfonfonino usnaiaof foopofunockoo oocnonanuo honxona,
ocnonnwo hpunuuhw u cymnocfi knununockou paofw, hpunonuf ho-
maionoo ohucanuo camou foxnuku u oo napuanfon, hpounnkcfpupo-
nannoo qpaimonfamu poaninwx hcuxofopahonfunockux coancon.
Knuia, nocomnonno, ooiafuf uncfpymonfapuu hpakfukykmux hcu-
xofopahonfon, hcuxonoion u hocnyxuf fonkonwm ynonwm hocouom
nnn cfynonfon.
Inannwu ponakfop u usnafoni copuu ..M. Xpo:i
Haynnwu koncynifanf copuu 1... Muxuu:oou
1y:uiyemcn nu pyccio+ n:iie c pu:pemenun u:0ume:icmou Uui|forJ 1ress u eeo
npe0cmuoume:n Mupiu 1umepconu.
i5, IrancIno ShapIro
i5, GuIIIord Iross
i8, Hosanucuman qupmaKnacc,
usnanuo, oqopmnonuo
i8, A.C. Iuiun, hoponon na pycckuu nswk
i8, A.. bonnaponko,hponucnonuo
i8, .O. Koponon, onoxka
www.IroII.IgIsp.ru
Kyhu knuiy Y KIOH
Hci:uuume:inoe npuoo ny:uiuuuu nu pyccio+ n:iie npunu0:eum u:0ume:icmoy
He:uoucu+un qup+u X:ucc. tinyci npou:oe0enun u:u eeo qpue+enmoo e:
pu:pemenun u:0ume:icmou cuumuemcn npomuoonpuoni+ u npec:e0yemcn no :uiony.
IS^ O-8862-6O-8 (\SA)
IS^ 5-86J?5-iO2- (I)
5
OH8HHAR HCHXOTAHHR
1o, nfo ionuaninoo ncoina hpocfo no ucfuna. Ho akcuoma. Cha-
cufoninan qopmyna, hpumupnkman nohpumupumwx hopon nohponoxnwm
qakfom ononunnoio. Icuxofopahonfunockan foxnuka, hponnoxonnan
pncun Hahupo, ononunna cnoou qqokfunnocfik, nnnou hpo-
cfofou, nonwnymannou apxufokfonukou.
Ynnokakmuocn uoiou naunyf n nou ananoiuu c foxnukamu xafxa-
uoiu. 3nafoku conofckou hcuxonoiuu nchomnnf nocfnmuo uccnonona-
nun o nnuxonunx inas Anokcannpa Hpyca. panu-hcuxofopahonfw o-
napyxaf qpakuuonnwu iuhnos. kufonu honononnockou
hcuxofopahuu ysnakf hocnononafoninocfi fahon noconcuunusauuu,
a koinufunnwo hcuxonoiu hpunwnnwo mkanw ouonunanun.
wcokoknanuquuuponannwo chouuanucfw, nosmoxno, ynyf pac-
cyxnafi o knokfunnocfu u ofcyfcfnuu y anfopa asonoio hcuxonoiu-
nockoio opasonanun. mo onoo knanuquuuponannwo cmoiyf oo-
cnonanno cynufi o mofononoiunockux u foopofunockux hponomax. Ho
n nannom cnynao, honnopkny, fo conopmonno nonaxno. A naxno co-
ncom npyioo: nposnwnauno cyokfunnwu, nonononockuu achokf, ksu-
cfonuuaninwu hnan nosnuknononun conpomonnou hcuxofopahuu, u fou
foxnuku, u camou pncun Hahupo.
nymaomcn n hpocfyk u fpaiunnyk kanny cowfuu konua 8O-x io-
non. 1punuafumocfunofnnn xonmuna, nufopafyponon, saononaof pa-
kom mononnou xonosw. Iasnon. Ohopauun. Mofanun n houckax hpo-
cnonyfou hcuxonoiunockou homomu. H n kofopwu pas nononok,
onuncfnonnwu u nohonfopumwu, co cnoou onik, hopon nuuom iuo-
nu onapyxunaof: cymocfnykf nynocnwo foopuu, cosnannwo nonukumu
ynonwmu, uonwo fopahonfunockuo cucfomw co cnoumu hpunuuhamu u
kopuqonmu. Ho fomy konkpofnomy nononoky, anancupykmomy moxny
xusnik u cmopfik, homoni no moxof nukfo. Hukyna no yxonuf cfpax.
Ho ucnosaof fponoia. Io nonam mynakf kommapw, a nnom nco nanufcn
us pyk. Kak hosxo hucana cama pncun, ona noonnokpafno sanymw-
nanaci o fom, nfo nknu cymonu nwcanuficn na yno, no no choconw
chpanuficn c cocfnonnwm fonom u mosiom.
Koina n i4 iony n Amcfopnamo n hosnakomuncn c pncun Ha-
hupo, hopono mnou hponcfana chokounan u ynoponnan xonmuna, nay-
poaf hpomuu Amopukanckou hcuxonoiunockou accouuauuu sa nwnakmu-
ocn ychoxu n hcuxonoiuu.
H nof, nopos nockoniko nof, hopon namu knuia, hocnnmonnan
nonou foxnuko hcuxofopahuu, nposnwnauno qqokfunnou hpu nononuu
mouuonaninwx fpanm. Kasanoci w, n namo npomn, koina cymocfnyof
fakoo konunocfno hcuxonoiunockux foopuu u mkon, fpynno naufu nfo-
nuo hpunuuhuanino nonoo. Ho pncun Hahupo fo ynanoci.
ocnony oo foxnuku honoxon ocfocfnonnwu hpouocc cnonnmux
nnuxonuu inas (cakkan), akfunusupykmux nnyfponnuu, hpucymuu ca-
mou hpupono nopnnou cucfomw moxanusm hopopaofku fpanmafunockux
nochomunanuu. 1oxnuka . Hahupo honfnopnuna cnok qqokfunnocfi
hpu nononuu xopfn cokcyaninoio nacunun, ynacfnukon oonwx noucfnuu
u nuu, hocfpananmux no npomn cfuxuunwx oncfnuu. Mnoionucnonnwo
ohucanun cnynaon us hpakfuku hpunononw n pasnunnwx inanax knuiu.
H xofn pncun Hahupo honpono ohucwnaof foopuk u hpakfu-
nockoo uchonisonanuo cnooio honxona, n knuio noonnokpafno honnop-
kunaofcn: nfow noucfnufonino onnanofi fou (kak, nhponom, u ncn-
kou npyiou) hcuxofopahonfunockou foxnukou, onnoio foniko usynonun
pykononcfn u hocouu ckoni w nofaninwmu onu nu wnu nono-
cfafonno. 1poyofcn nohocponcfnonnoo oynonuo y knanuquuuponan-
nwx u ohwfnwx chouuanucfon.
A.4. 6unapcnku,
nokfop hcuxonoiunockux nayk,
hpoqoccop
l :ueo0upnocmiu mo+y nymeoo0no+y coemy,
iomopiu ecmi y iu0oeo noio:enun.
1oconmuu nu+nmu +oux 0e0ymiu u uymiu
Hup:i:u u .eni lu+nep,
cecmpi ,epi 1. 1unupo,
u +ou+ po0ume:n+,
,:nue:y u 1up:u 1unupo
:u ux ucno:nennyu :uou :uomy,
u muie 1oy J::uy, ocmpeuu c iomopi+
cmu:u o0nu+ u: nuuo:ee cuucm:uoix coimuu o +oeu u:nu.
Cnoona fo fo, nfo nw nonaofo co cnonannwm c namu.
un-1o:i lupmp
8
6AOAHOCTH
H w no cmoina nahucafi fy knuiy os hocfonnnou honnopxku
Iou anfon, ocnoonunmou mou ym u npomn nnn nwhonnonun fou
sananu. H naionapna ou sa oo opianusafopckuo choconocfu, no n omo
onimou mopo sa oo nkoni, saofy u naioponcfno nyxa, nukoina
no honnonunmuo monn. Ocoyk naionapnocfi n nwpaxak Ioopfy
Ynny u Mapio Cunk oppocf, hpunoxunmum cnou choconocfu u
snanun k ponakfuponanuk knuiu. H naionapna Ify Iaunu sa unnk-
cfpauuu, a fakxo A. x. Ioyhku sa hocfonnnyk foxnunockyk hon-
nopxky.
Conopxanuo moou knuiu ocnonano na knununockom ohwfo cofon
npanou u hcuxofopahonfon, u n xofona w ofnafi nonxnoo ux fpyny.
copo unqopmauuu nnn knuiu hpunumanu ynacfuo mnoiuo nknu, no n
ocoonnocfu n naionapna Xonapny uhko u Cfunony Cunnopy, hopnwm
nufafonnm onimuncfna inan knuiu.
Kpomo foio, n naionapna ncom, kfo namon npomn nnn snakomcfna
c ofnoninwmu inanamu moou knuiu u nwckasan cnou hponnoxonun na
pasnwx cfanunx oo nahucanun. Ofo (hpunoxy umona n anqanufnom ho-
pnnko) onnu bapax, If boynonunc, Iou anfon, Oupun Ioynn,
Cfunon aspon, Mpunun kop, xopu Mapnoy, Cannpa Ioncon,
xopanin Iak, Kypf Iyanson, Mapk Iaccon, Ionxop Conomon, n-
npu Yaunnnunn, Kfpun aun, Ipu annop, u Xauop, 1om Xopnaf
u Yonfop Hni.
H hpusnafonina cofpynnukam usnafonicfna GuIIIord, n ocoonno-
cfu moomy ponakfopy Kuffu Myp sa oo uonnwo hponnoxonun u Anno
bpokkof sa saofnunoo nnumanuo k moou knuio na hpofnxonuu ncoio
hpouocca honiofonku oo usnanun.
Hof comnonun, nfo sanana hpunnoconun noio-nuo nonoio n hcuxo-
noiunockoo coomocfno ononi cnoxna, no mno hocnacfnununoci ncfpo-
fufi mnoiux ofkpwfwx u knanuquuuponannwx hpoqoccuonanon, niu
choconocfu u nnyfponnnn uonocfnocfi hocfonnno honfnopxnanu, nfo
mw naxonumcn na hpanuninom hyfu.
H yny ockononno naionapna hcuxofopahonfam u hcuxonoiam kak
oynakmum II (noconcuunusauun u hopopaofka nnuxonunmu
inas), fak u hpocfo paofakmum c fou foxnukou, kofopwo ynunnf nos-
moxnocfi hponnoxufi nfo-nuo nonoo u ynyf onanafi nocfafonnou cmo-
nocfik, nfow ncnyx ckasafi o fom, xofn no snak, moxno nu naio-
napufi sa fo, nfo nknu nonakf us nyncfna cocfnonnoio nonia.
3noci u nanoo namoponno uchonisyofcn cnono hopopaofka (anin.
roprocossIng), a no hpopaafwnanuo, ownno yhofponnomoo n hcuxonoiunoc-
kou nufopafypo ho ofnomonuk k fpanmafunockomy mafopuany, fak kak n nannom
cnynao anfop uchonisyof ananoiuk c opaofkou unqopmauuu n komhikfopo.
1pu+. nepeoo0uuiu.
iO
HHCO8H
bnaiocnonon fof, kfo namon cnoo nono.
Iycfi on no umof nukakou npyiou naiocnononnocfu.
Jo+uc Xup:eu:i
Hy1t k u1kpu1n
Of Kuffu Xok no nwcanku nononoka na yny hpomno ncoio numi
nomnoium onoo hnfunocnfu nof, n fo npomn kak n hcuxonoiuu no wno
copiosnoio cnnuia hapanuimw yxo honfu cfonofuo, co npomon pouna.
Ionnfno, nfo ofnomonun monnkfcn monnonnoo, nom foxnonoiun. Ho
wnaof fak, nfo nokan cuna nwfankunaof nac us hpunwnnoio komqop-
fnoio cocfonnun, hoyxnan k usmononunm. Hnoina fu usmononun
fakonw, nfo kaxyfcn nam yxacnwmu u fpaiunockumu, conopxamumu n
coo fakuo ckphpusw, kofopwo mw no moxom naxo hponcfanufi. no-
kofopom cmwcno fak wno u n moou xusnu.
H cnonana cnoo hopnonananinoo ofkpwfuo, ofnocnmoocn k cosnanuk
mofona oconcuunusauuu u hopopaofku (fpanm) nnuxonunmu inas
(II), n i8? iony. Onnako hyfi k fomy ofkpwfuk nanancn na no-
cnfi nof panimo. i? iony, sanopmun paofy nan nokfopckou nuc-
copfauuou ho aninuuckou nufopafypo n Hik-uopkckom ynunopcufofo,
n yxo nononino akfunno hynukonana posynifafw cnoux uccnononanuu
n fou onacfu, nyncfnyn naxnocfi cnoou paofw, naxnocfi foio, nfo
n onna us fox, kfo hponunaof cnof na pasnunnwo achokfw namou kyni-
fypw u nufopafypw c ux fonkumu nkancamu, oiafcfnom u cnooo-
pasuom cfpykfypw nufopafypnwx hpousnononuu, cnoxnou, sahyfannou
xusnik nufopafypnwx iopoon u cumnonon. co fo ynnokano monn.
fo xo npomn y monn wn nannuu unfopoc k honononnockou hcu-
xofopahuu, cnnsannwu c fom, nfo n koina-fo nufana fpynw Onnpk
Cnfopa u xosoqa oniho. Hnon cqokycuponannoio, honnocfik hpon-
ckasyomoio honxona k hcuxonoiuu nononoka honxona, n kofopom hpu-
nunw u cnoncfnun wnu w nnno cnnsanw npyi c npyiom, kasanaci mno
honnocfik conmocfumou c hponcfannonunmu o nufopafypnwx hopcona-
xax u o pasnufuu ckxofa. H, nakonou, mnoiuo xopomo usnocfnwo
Kuffu Xok nasnanuo hopnoio amopukanckoio nofafoninoio ahhapafa.
1pu+. nepeoo0uuiu.
ii
hucafonu nnno namokanu na fo, nfo, ocnu iopou nufopafypnoio hpous-
nononun usopaxonw n coofnofcfnuu c poaninocfik, nonyf con cno-
onno u packonanno, onu nanunakf xufi cnoou cocfnonnou xusnik,
ohpononnkmou pasnopfwnanuo ckxofa nufopafypnoio hpousnononun.
fo npomn n wna ynnonona nuckyccuou c moumu hpohonanafonnmu, hpo-
qoccopamu aninuuckou nufopafypw, o ckpwfom hcuxonoiunockom cmwc-
no fox oiafwx u mnoioipannwx fokcfon nufopafypnwx hpousnononuu,
kofopwo n usynana, cmwcno, oycnonnonnom hpununno-cnoncfnon-
nou sanucumocfik u cqopmynuponannom n fopmunax honononnockoio
honxona. Ho hcuxonoiun foina sanumana moo nnumanuo numi ofnacfu.
Mno wnu nusku fo anfopw, kofopwo nopunu n nosmoxnocfi conop-
moncfnonanun nononoka, u n nacnaxnanaci nwcokum macfopcfnom hpo-
npamonun nonononockoio cfpananun n mononpw uckyccfna, hpucymum
aninuuckou nufopafypo, iofonn con k noniou u hnonofnopnou kapiopo
nufopafypnoio kpufuka u uccnononafonn. Onnako kak pas hopon sanop-
monuom paofw nan nuccopfauuou o hosuu 1omaca Xapnu y monn o-
napyxunu pak.
Iopasunman monn cmopfoninan onosni okasanaci fom pyoxom,
kofopwu ofmofun poskoo usmononuo moou xusnu. nn monn nnpyi of-
kpwnoci conopmonno nonoo usmoponuo, u xusni onimo no hpocfupa-
naci hopono mnou ockononno. 1ak, nnosahno hcuxonoiunockan cnnsi
hpununw u cnoncfnun, o kofopou cfoniko ionopunu uxonuopucfw,
hpuopona nnn monn conopmonno nonoo snanonuo. Moo nnumanuo co-
cponofonunoci na hponomo nsaumocnnsu cosnanun u nnomnux pasnpa-
xufonou. Iopaxano fo, nfo mw ymnu fak nanoko foxnonoiunocku, no
no cmoinu hponnunyficn na hyfu onnanonun ymom u fonom.
K cnacfik, n fo npomn n ofkpwna nnn con honnunmuocn nonanno
paofw Hopmana Kasunca u npyiux chouuanucfon n onacfu hcuxo-
noupoummynonoiuu. Hnon o cnnsu moxny saononanuom u hopoxufwm
cfpoccom fohopi kasanaci mno conopmonno ononunnou, onnako fak u no
wno honnfno, nfo xo nonafi co ncom fum. nacfonmoo npomn, co-
inacno yfnopxnonunm npanou, mou pak ynanoci nwnonufi, onnako nof
nukakou iapanfuu, nfo on no nosnuknof cnona. H homnk ux cnona: a,
pak y nac noucfnufonino hpomon, onnako ocfi ohponononnan noponf-
nocfi, nfo on moxof nosnuknyfi cnona. Mw no snaom, nfo u kak us-
nonuno nam pak, cnufaufo, nfo nam hpocfo honosno.
Counac monn onimo ncoio sanumaof nohpoc o fom, kakuo hcuxono-
iunockuo u qusuonoiunockuo mofonw noucfnufonino homoiakf ynynmufi
qusunockoo snoponio. H cnufana, nfo yxo nonxnw wfi paspaofanw
qqokfunnwo chocow. Ho ocnu fak, fo honomy mw nunoio no snaom o
nux Mwcni o nooxonumocfu naufu fu mofonw u nonocfu snanuo o nux
no npyiux nknou, cfonknynmuxcn c yipoxakmou xusnu onosnik,
cfana nnn monn iopasno onoo naxnou, nom usynonuo nufopafypw XIX
i2
noka. H hokunyna Hik-Hopk u saunfopoconanaci ipyhhamu u comunapa-
mu, hocnnmonnwmu hponomam cosnanun, fona u hcuxonoiunockum
mofonam ynynmonun qusunockoio u nymonnoio naiohonynun.
Chycfn nokofopoo npomn n namna ucfonnuku qunancuponanun u
nanana hpononufi cnou cocfnonnwo comunapw nnn mupokoio kpyia
saunfopoconannwx nuu, hocnnmonnwo ncomy fomy, nfo n onapyxuna n
houckax poaninwx hyfou homomu nknnm xufi xusnik, n kofopou wno
w monimo cfpoccon. fo npomn n nanana paofy nan nokfopckou
nuccopfauuou n onacfu knununockou hcuxonoiuu, nfow qopmanino
sanopmufi cnoo opasonanuo. 3namonafoninan hpoiynka n hapko, hpu-
nonman k ofkpwfuk qqokfa nosnoucfnun nnuxonuu inas, hpousomna
kak pas n fo npomn, koina n pasmwmnnna nan nwopom fomw nuccopfa-
uuu. fof momonf mou kpocckynifypaninwo houcku moxanusmon
usmononuu, hpoucxonnmux n namom cosnanuu, u hofponocfi n hpono-
nonuu uccnononanuu ho fomo nokfopckou nuccopfauuu nnno hopocoknuci.
Ocfaninan nacfi ucfopuu cfanonnonun mofona II ohucana n hop-
nou inano fou knuiu. 3noci xo nocfafonno ynof ckasafi, nfo moo
ofkpwfuo qqokfa nnuxonuu inas cohponoxnanoci pasnufuom ohpono-
nonnou mofononoiuu, kofopan hpuopofana cnok cnoxnocfi monnonno
u hocfohonno, ho mopo hpakfunockoio hpumononun mofona. Coionnn
cnononun o honoxufoninwx knununockux posynifafax hpumononun II
hocfyhakf of ononi onimoio konunocfna npanou u hcuxofopahonfon
ux okono iO OOO, hpomonmux oynonuo fou foxnuko. Hama cocfnon-
nan knununockan paofa c II hokaswnaof, nfo nonononockuo cfpa-
nanun noucfnufonino +oeym wfi fpancqopmuponanw no foniko n
uckyccfno, no u n camou xusnu.
Ofa knuia posynifaf nocimu nof mooio cocfnonnoio ohwfa ho
conopmoncfnonanuk II u oynonuk fou foxnuko npyiux nknou; ona
nknknaof n con kak ananus knununockux cnynaon, fak u hponocfopo-
xonun, cqopmynuponannwo na ocnono hpakfunockoio ohwfa fox, kfo
yxo ocnoun II.
Hcuxunvuc1t uy4cnnu
Iockoniky ocnonnan uoni moou xusnu hocno i? iona cocfonna n
nonoconuu no mupokou omocfnonnocfu unqopmauuu o mofonax, ko-
fopwo wnu w noucfnufonino qqokfunnw nnn ynynmonun nymonnoio
snoponin, nof nunoio ynunufoninoio n fom, nfo mou ocnonnwo saofw
u unfopocw counac cnnsanw c knuonfamu. Hmonno knuonfw okaswna-
kf nynmyk homomi fomy chouuanucfy, kofopwu xonof naynuficn nomy-
iJ
nuo u pacmupufi cnou ymonun, kchopumonfupyn c nonafopckumu
mofonamu. Iaofa c knuonfamu fakxo nnnnofcn nynmou homomik u
foina, koina chouuanucfw honynakf nuuonsuk na hpano hpakfunockou
paofw n onacfu nymonnoio snoponin, oynakfcn nonwm foxnukam,
kofopwo onu ynyf uchonisonafi na hpakfuko, u hponhpunumakf co-
ofnofcfnykmuo uccnononanun nnn ouonku nosmoxnocfou fux mofonon
u ux yconopmoncfnonanun. 1akuo hponhocwnku cocfannnkf ocnony
II u umonno onu ohpononnkf ychox fou foxnuku fak xo kak u
honufuka, hpumonnkmancn hpu oynonuu II. Mno honosno, nfo
n ncfpofuna mnoiux konnoi, pasnonnkmux mou unou.
Kononno, oynonuo no iapanfupyof nocfuxonun ychoxa hpu paofo
c kaxnwm knuonfom. II no nnnnofcn nokapcfnom of ncox onosnou;
moiyf cnynaficn u noynanu n nononuu, kak fo wnaof hpu uchoniso-
nanuu nkoio npyioio mofona. Onnako n funockom konokco Amopukan-
ckou hcuxonoiunockou accouuauuu ofmonaofcn, nfo oynonuo hon kna-
nuquuuponannwm pykononcfnom nnnnofcn osycnonno onsafoninwm nnn
nocfuxonun nooxonumoio yponnn komhofonfnocfu, u numi hocno foio
moxno nanunafi paofy c knuonfamu unu hponononuo uccnononanuu.
Hamu pannuo cfafiu (ShapIro, i8a, i8b), n kofopwx hponhpu-
numanuci hohwfku hponnoxufi ohucanuo nofko ohponononnwx fahon
hpumononun II, counac hponcfannnkfcn noanoknafnwmu, nfo cfa-
no ncno us coomonuu kak npanou, fak u knuonfon, c kofopwmu pao-
fanu hcuxofopahonfw, onuncfnonnwm oynonuom kofopwx mofony
II wno hponfonuo fux cfafou. Iofomy nmocfo c hofahnwm ohu-
canuom hpouonypw II n nannou knuio hponnaiaofcn nonwu opas
mwmnonun n ofnomonuu camou hpuponw hafonoiuu u hcuxofopahonfu-
nockoio nosnoucfnun, a fakxo ucnophwnakmuu naop anifopnafun,
paspaofannwx namu kak na ocnonanuu foopuu, fak u knununockoio
hpumononun foxnuku II.
Onna us ocnonnwx hponhocwnok II cocfouf n fom, nfo oniman
nacfi hcuxohafonoiuu ocnonana na hponmocfnykmom xusnonnom ohw-
fo, nocxonnmom ownno k pannomy nofcfny. Honi hcuxofopahuu c ho-
momik II cocfouf n wcfpou hopopaofko nocfanmoiocn nam of
hpomnoio nucqynkuuonaninoio nacnonun u hpoopasonanuu foio na-
cnonun n nonfo honosnoo nnn nac. cymnocfu, c homomik II
nucqynkuuonaninan unqopmauun hpofophonaof chonfannwo usmononun
cnoou qopmw u snanumocfu nknknan fo uncaufw u aqqokfw, kofo-
pwo ckopoo ycununakf hofonuuan knuonfa, nom ocnannkf oio. Icu-
xofopahonfw ynunnf, nfo unqopmauun, hponnaiaoman n nannou knuio,
ohucwnaof nco cfpafoiuu u komhononfw foio hpouocca, n kofopwu
nonnokaofcn npoxnonnan cucfoma hopopaofku unqopmauuu, nfo u
hpunonuf k honoxufoninwm posynifafam.
i4
Hainannc vc1ua
Iopnonananino aponuafypa II wna nasnanuom foxnuku no-
concuunusauuu c homomik nnuxonuu inas, nfo n i8? iony hponcfan-
nnnoci nauonoo nwnakmumcn nomonfom foio mofona. Onnako na
hpofnxonuu cnonykmux nof okasanoci, nfo fo nasnanuo n nokofopwx
cnynanx wno hononom nnn nochpanonnunwx oipanunonuu na hpumono-
nuo camou mofononoiuu. Kak ofmonaofcn n fou knuio, II nnnnof-
cn komhnokcnou mofononoiuou, nknknakmou n con mnoiuo komhonon-
fw; kpomo foio, nwncnunoci, nfo qqokfunnwmu okaswnakfcn no
foniko nnuxonun inas, no u mnoiuo npyiuo nnomnuo pasnpaxufonu.
cnu w mno hponcfonno hpoufu mou hyfi cnanana, fo n w nasnana
fof mofon hpocfo hcuxofopahuou hyfom hopopaofku fpanmafunockou
unqopmauuu. Onnako, ynufwnan mupokoo, hpakfunocku muponoo
hpusnanuo foio mofona, n pomuna coxpanufi aponuafypy II u oo
hopnonananinoo ohponononuo, ocosnanan hpu fom fo, nfo nasnanuo
moxof umofi cyiyo ucfopunockoo, a no ohucafoninoo snanonuo. (1ak,
nahpumop, nahufok Koka-kona coxpanun cnoo nasnanuo naxo hocno
foio, kak kokaun, of kofopoio fo nasnanuo hpousomno, wn ucknk-
non us oio cocfana; a fakan nuainocfunockan kafoiopun, kak musoq-
ponun, hpononxaof hpumonnficn, nocmofpn na fo, nfo yxo nanno
nukfo no paccmafpunaof musoqponuk kak pacmohnonuo cosnanun.
1akona xo ucfopun nasnanun oconcuunusauun u hopopaofka nnu-
xonunmu inas). Aponuafypa II ynof uchonisonaficn namu c yno-
fom foio, nfo cocfnonno nnuxonun inas nnnnkfcn numi onnum us
mnoiux nosmoxnwx nnomnux pasnpaxufonou, uchonisyomwx nnn akfu-
nauuu cucfomw hopopaofku unqopmauuu y knuonfa u nocfuxonun hcu-
xofopahonfunockoio qqokfa.
Kuvy apccunana a1a knnra
H cnufak, nfo foniko nuuonsuponannwo hpoqoccuonanw n onacfu
nymonnoio snoponin nuo fo, kfo paofaof hon hpnmwm nanknonuom
u pykononcfnom fakux hpoqoccuonanon, umokf hpano hpakfunocku
uchonisonafi hpouonypw u hpofokonw, hpunonumwo n fou knuio. Ofo
hponocfopoxonuo umoof onimoo snanonuo, hockoniky kak mofon hcu-
xofopahuu II moxno uchonisonafi numi n konfokcfo sakonnonnoio
u nofanino paspaofannoio hnana hcuxofopahuu c conknonuom coof-
nofcfnykmux mop osohacnocfu, nfo xopomo usnocfno oynonnwm u
nuuonsuponannwm chouuanucfam. Iykononufonu knununockou honio-
fonku ckopoo ncoio saxofnf, nfow cfynonfw hpomnu nopos unfopnafy-
i5
py hopon fom, kak onu nannyf oynaficn nannomy mofony. Xofn namu
hponnoxonun o qopmo u cpokax hpoxoxnonun fakou hpakfunockou hon-
iofonku ho hpumononuk II hon ohwfnwm pykononcfnom u nknkno-
nw n knuiy, mw cnufaom, nfo n nkom cnynao conknakmoo nco qop-
maninocfu oynonuo hon pykononcfnom nuuonsuponannoio u ohwfnoio
uncfpykfopa ho II moxno cnufafi naunynmum hyfom onnanonun fum
mofonom.
Koina n hucana knuiy, fo hponhonaiana nofwpo fuha nufafonou: yno-
nwo akanomunockou opuonfauuu, hcuxonoiu, knununockuo npanu-hcu-
xofopahonfw u hpoxonnmuo knununockoo oynonuo cfynonfw. Iofo-
my n cfapanaci hpuchocoufi nswk knuiu u oo opianusauuk (ononunno,
nfo mno ynanoci fo c pasnunnou cfohonik ychomnocfu) nnn nyxn ncox
nofwpox fuhon nufafonou. 1o, kfo umoof ocowu unfopoc k ucfopuu,
k nannwm, honkpohnnkmum oocnonanuo mofona, k uccnononanunm,
k foopuu u mocfy II n omom konfokcfo hcuxofopahuu fpanm, nau-
nyf nnn con ocoonno unfopocnwmu inanw hopnyk, nfopyk u nnonan-
uafyk. fo xo npomn hcuxofopahonfw, saunfopoconannwo n hopnyk
onoponi n hpakfunockom onnanonuu mofonom, onapyxaf nnn con nax-
nwo mafopuanw knununockux nanknonuu n pasnunnwx nacfnx fux fpox
inan (n ocoonnocfu fo ofnocufcn k inano 2); kpomo foio, hononoio
mafopuana ononi mnoio u n ocfaninou nacfu knuiu.
Hccncunannu n painn1nc vc1ua
Ipononxakmoocn pasnufuo II of hpocfou foxnuku k cnoxnou
mofononoiuu ocnonano n hopnyk onoponi na knununockux nanknonu-
nx. Hooxonumocfi n uccnononanunx, kofopwo oochonunanu w nani-
noumyk hponopky mofona II, occhopna, hockoniky knununockan
hponopka noiko hosnonnof nckpwfi nco fo uckaxonun u omuku, kofo-
pwo moiyf nosnukafi hpu unnununyaninom nanknonuu sa qqokfun-
nocfik II.
Ionnfno, nfo xopomo opianusonannwo knununockuo uccnononanun,
n kofopwx fmafonino konfponupykfcn honynaomwo posynifafw, nonisn
samonufi nunom. Onnako na fo ncoina no xnafaof nonoi, u uccnonona-
fonickan paofa fpanuuuonno ofcfaof of knununockou hpakfuku. 1ak,
nahpumop, ohynukonanw posynifafw uccnononanuu, cnnsannwx c xop-
fnamu cokcyaninwx nomoiafonicfn, hpuponnwx kafaknusmon u nocnac-
fnwx cnynaon, n kofopwx no ocymocfnnnncn fmafoninwu knununockuu
konfponi sa posynifafamu. wnonw n ofnomonuu fpanm fakoio fuha,
nocmofpn na nonocfafonnoo konunocfno nannwx, ocyxnakfcn n inano
nnonanuafou.
axno, nfow chouuanucfw, hpumonnkmuo II, homnunu, nfo
no hponononun omupnwx cpannufoninwx uccnononanuu, cnnsannwx c
hponopkou qqokfunnocfu II, fof mofon nooxonumo hpumonnfi
kak nonwu, no nhonno ohpoonannwu choco nononun u coomafi o
fom knuonfy, nfow honynufi oio coinacuo na uchonisonanuo nonoio
mofona. Xofn yxo umokfcn mnoiooomakmuo nokasafonicfna, qqok-
funnocfi II hoka no nnnnofcn omohpusnannwm qakfom. Ofo omo
onna hpununa oipanunonun kpyia nuu, hpoxonnmux oynonuo II,
nuuonsuponannwmu hpoqoccuonanamu n onacfu nymonnoio snoponin.
hononom cnynao, naxo ocnu n konkpofnou cufyauuu foxnuka II
okaxofcn noqqokfunnou, chouuanucfw umokf n cnoom pachopnxonuu
naop onoo fpanuuuonnwx mofonon hcuxofopahuu, kofopwo onu cmo-
iyf hpumonufi.
Xofn II hpononxaof pasnunaficn na ocnono uccnononafonickux
u knununockux nanknonuu, n nannou knuio hponcfannonw nco ocnon-
nwo hpunuuhw u cymnocfi hpakfunockou paofw. Mw nacfonfonino
conofyom nufafonk wfi n mopy ckohfunnwm, coxpannn hpu fom of-
kpwfocfi k nochpunfuk nonoio. Hsmononuo cfanmux hpunwnnwmu u
ykoponunmuxcn mofonon hcuxofopahuu nonoikan sanana. Hama knu-
ia nnnnofcn numi nananom hpouocca oynonun u n nanokci nana-
nom nonymoio k naipano uccnononafonickoio hyfu. H hycfi knununoc-
kan ouonka mofona u nunnwo nanknonun n hpouocco oio hpumononun
nanoku of nohoipomumocfu, no onu nosamonumw kak n oocnonanuu
naynnoio ofkpwfun, fak u n opofonuu panocfu ucuononun.
i?
1. HCTOKH H OCHO8AHHR
Cymocfnyof nokuu hpunuuh, hononwu oipanunufonk
nnn nkou unqopmauuu, kak iapanfun ofkasa of nkwx
nononon nonfo, ynopxunakmoo nononoka n
nohponuuaomwx ipanuuax nonoxocfna; u fof hpunuuh
no nfo unoo, kak hposponuo, hponmocfnykmoo nkomy
uccnononanuk.
1epepm lnencep
Co npomonu ofkpwfun n i8? iony foxnuka oconcuunusauuu u
hopopaofku (fpanm) nnuxonunmu inas (II) namna honcomocfnoo
hpusnanuo y snanufoninou nacfu monuuunckoio coomocfna. Ionnfno,
nfo uchonisonanuo nahpannnomwx nnuxonuu inas kak nomonfa hcuxo-
fopahonfunockoio nosnoucfnun no honynuno nomonnonnoio hpusnanun y
onimou nacfu hponcfanufonou akanomunockou nayku. Iopnoo hpumo-
nonuo nannou foxnuku n hcuxofopahuu wno ocnonano no na foopuu u
no na kchopumonfaninwx nannwx, a na cnynaunom nanknonuu. Ioc-
nononanmoo sa fum pasnufuo foxnuku II u oo foopofunockux ipanuu
nwpocno us uccnononanun uonoio pnna cnynaon ycfoununoio hcuxofopa-
honfunockoio qqokfa, u fo uccnononanuo hocfohonno onucfuno u
yconopmoncfnonano camy foxnuky nnuxonuu inas, fak xo kak u npyiuo
nohonnufoninwo nomonfw hpouonypw II. Onnako, kak mw ynunum,
cymocfnykmuo n cnoou nwnomnou qopmo foxnuka II u oo foopun
nknknakf n con mnoiuo achokfw, nhonno hpuomnomwo nnn onimun-
cfna npanou, uccnononafonou u hponcfanufonou akanomunockou nayku.
Xofn foxnuka II onoo ncoio usnocfna uchonisonanuom nnuxo-
nuu inas, ofnoio ona u honynuna cnoo nasnanuo, nocima cymocfnonno,
nfo mw ofnocumcn k nou kak k uonocfnou cucfomo. Ipu fom camu ho
coo nnuxonun inas nnnnkfcn numi onnum us oo komhononfon. H hpoxno
nom uchonisonafi foxnuky II n paofo c knuonfom, hcuxofopahonf
nonxon ycfanonufi c num coofnofcfnykmuo fopahonfunockuo ofnomo-
nun u hosnakomuficn co ncomu achokfamu ucfopuu onosnu. Ipu fom
uchonisykfcn pasnunnwo hpofokonw, fuh kofopwx ohpononnofcn xapak-
fopom hcuxohafonoiuu, u hpumonnkfcn fo unu unwo hcuxofopahonfu-
nockuo hpouonypw, sanucnmuo of fuha u konunocfna fpanm, hopoxu-
fwx knuonfom. Xofn II moxof nononino wcfpo cnumafi nucfpocc,
i8
nwsnannwu ofnoninou fpanmou, hcuxofopahonf nonxon nocima fmafoni-
no ynufwnafi nck conokyhnocfi qakfopon hopon uchonisonanuom II.
Hahpumop, hpu nononuu xopfn usnacunonanun hcuxofopahonf hpoxno
ncoio unonfuquuupyof ofnoninwo achokfw honynonnou fpanmw, oka-
swnakmuo noiafunnoo nosnoucfnuo. Ofo moxof wfi nfopxonuo n co-
snanuo ohponononnwx opason, nuo ofpuuafoninwo mwcnu u unou
knuonfon n ofnomonuu con unu cnoou ponu no npomn fpanmw, a fakxo
fakuo noiafunnwo mouuu, kak cfpax, nyncfno nunw unu cfwna u cnn-
sannwo c fumu nyncfnamu omymonun n fono. Hnu xo, naoopof, oh-
ponononnwu hosufunnwu opas mwcnou n ofnomonuu con, kofopwu
knuonf hponhonufaof nmocfo noiafunnoio camoofnomonun. Y xopfn
usnacunonanun fakuo mouuu ownno nanunakfcn c unfoncunnoio nyn-
cfna cfpaxa u cfwna, nahpumop, moiyf hocfonnno nosnukafi opasw
foio cowfun, nfopiakmuocn n honconnonnyk xusni u cohponoxna-
kmuocn mwcnnmu fuha H ocknopnona unu H cama no ncom nunona-
fa. Iocno foio kak hcuxofopahonf hpononuf paofy c xopfnou usna-
cunonanun, uchonisyn nnuxonun inas u qokycupynci hpu fom na
chouuqunockom nnyfponnom ofpoaiuponanuu, hauuonfka moxof ncho-
munafi cam cnynau usnacunonanun yxo os honnnonun nyncfn cfpaxa u
cfwna. Ona fohopi nyncfnyof, nfo opona nokyk cuny u choconocfi
ckasafi coo: H cnonana nco, nfo moina. Hacuninuk hpucfanun nox k
moomy iopny, no n cymona coxpanufi cnok xusni n fou cufyauuu.
nohonnonuo k fakum hosufunnwm usmononunm n mwcnnx u yoxnonunx
y hauuonfku moiyf hpokpafuficn ochokounmuo oo nannsnunwo opasw
cuonw usnacunonanun. H koina hocno sanopmonun hcuxofopahuu knu-
onfka ynof nchomunafi cam cnynau usnacunonanun, fo cnnsannwo c
fum nochomunanuom mouuu, mwcnu u omymonun ynyf yxo no oc-
hokonmumu, a ckopoo noufpaninwmu unu xo, nosmoxno, naxo hono-
xufoninwmu. 1ak, nahpumop, onna us xopfn usnacunonanun hocno
hpoxoxnonun hcuxofopahuu c homomik II fak ionopuna o cnynao
nacunun: Cama kapfuna fou cuonw, kononno, ofnpafufonina, no
nonco no hofomy, nfo n cnonana nfo-fo hnoxoo.
cnt u1kpu1nu
1oxnuka II ocnonana na cnynaunom nanknonuu, kofopoo wno
cnonano n mao i8? iona. Onnaxnw, hpoiynunanci ho hapky, n samo-
funa, nfo nokofopwo mwcnu, ochokounmuo monn, nnosahno ucnosnu.
H ofmofuna fakxo, nfo, ocnu ohnfi nwsnafi n ymo fu mwcnu, onu yxo
no okaswnakf fakoio noiafunnoio noucfnun u no kaxyfcn cfoni poani-
nwmu, kak panoo. Iponwnymuu ohwf honckasan mno, nfo ncom oc-
i
hokonmum mwcnnm ownno cnoucfnonno opasonwnafi cnooio pona sam-
knyfwu kpyi honnnnnci, onu umokf cknonnocfi nosnpamaficn cno-
na u cnona, hoka nw no hponhpumofo cosnafoninoo ycunuo, nfow hpu-
ocfanonufi ux unu usmonufi ux xapakfop. Onnako n fof noni moo
nnumanuo hpunnokno fo, nfo ochokounmuo monn mwcnu ucnosnu u
usmonunu cnou xapakfop os kakux-nuo cosnafoninwx ycunuu c moou
cfoponw.
Iopaxonnan fum, n nanana ynonnfi hpucfaninoo nnumanuo ncomy
hpoucxonnmomy. H ofmofuna, nfo hpu nosnuknononuu ochokonmux
mwcnou mou inasa chonfanno nanunanu wcfpo nnuiaficn us cfoponw
n cfopony u nnopx-nnus ho nuaionanu. 3afom ochokounmuo monn mwcnu
ucnosanu, u koina n namoponno hwfanaci nchomunafi ux, fo noiafun-
nwu sapnn, cnoucfnonnwu fum mwcnnm, okaswnancn n snanufoninou
cfohonu cnuxonnwm. 3amofun fo, n nanana hpousnonufi nnuxonun
inasamu namoponno, konuonfpupyn nnumanuo na pasnunnwx nohpunf-
nwx mwcnnx u nochomunanunx. H opafuna nnumanuo, nfo nco fu
mwcnu fakxo ucnosanu u yfpanunanu cnok ofpuuafoninyk mouuonani-
nyk okpamonnocfi. Ionnn nck hofonuuaninyk honisy fakoio qqok-
fa, n hpumna n cuninoo nonnonuo.
Hopos nockoniko nnou n hohwfanaci hpumonufi cnoo ofkpwfuo na
npyiux nknnx: npysinx, konnoiax u ynacfnukax hcuxonoiunockux comu-
napon, kofopwo n n fo npomn hocomana. Y nux wno onimoo konuno-
cfno camwx pasnoopasnwx xano nohafonoiunockoio xapakfopa, fak xo
kak, nanopnoo, u y ncox nknou. Koina n chpamunana: Han nom w nw
xofonu hopaofafi, nknu ownno pacckaswnanu o ochokonmux ux n
nacfonmuu momonf nochomunanunx, unonx unu cufyauunx. Ipu fom
ux xanow konoanuci n mupokom nuahasono of pasnunnwx ynuxonuu
n pannom nofcfno no hopoxunaomwx n nacfonmoo npomn oun. 3afom n
hokaswnana um, kak nooxonumo wcfpo nnuiafi inasamu us cfoponw n
cfopony, hponnaian honfopnfi sa mnou fu nnuxonun, cocponofonuna-
nci na cnoux hponomax. Ipoxno ncoio n onapyxuna, nfo onimun-
cfno nknou no onanakf hpousnoninwm konfponom mwmu, ofnofcfnon-
nwx sa nnuxonun inas, u no moiyf hpononxafi fu nnuxonun nooipa-
nunonno nonioo npomn. Hamoponanci hpononxufi uccnononanun, n hpon-
naiana snakomwm cnonufi inasamu sa nnuxonunmu mooio haniua, hopo-
moman pyky us cfoponw n cfopony, nfow inasa nnuianuci hpumopno c
fakou ckopocfik u n fakom xo nahpannonuu, kak no npomn mooio hop-
noio kchopumonfa n hapko. 1akou choco okasancn iopasno onoo q-
qokfunnwm, no n samofuna, nfo, xofn hocno fakou hpouonypw nknu u
nanunanu nyncfnonafi con nnno nynmo, onu hpononxanu ocfanaficn sa-
qukcuponannwmu na ochokounmux ux hponomax. nn hpoonononun
fou qukcauuu n hpoonana hpumonnfi pasnunnwo fuhw nnuxonuu inas
(wcfpoo, monnonnoo, n pasnwx nahpannonunx), hponnaian cocponofo-
2O
nunaficn na pasnwx nomax nahpumop, na pasnunnwx achokfax cnoux
nochomunanuu unu xo na fom, kakuo nyncfna cnnsanw c fumu nocho-
munanunmu. 3afom n cfana usynafi, kakuo qopmw paofw moiyf nafi
naunynmuu posynifaf, paspaafwnan cfannapfnwo chocow nanana u
sanopmonun coancon nnuxonuu inas, nakmuo nauonimuu honoxufoni-
nwu qqokf.
Ipumopno nopos mocfi mocnuon, n paspaofana cfannapfnyk hpouo-
nypy, kofopan nnno hpunonuna k ymonimonuk konunocfna xano.
Iockoniky moo nnumanuo c camoio nanana wno cocponofonono na
hponomo cnuxonun fponoxnocfu (kak fo wno n moom cocfnonnom
ohwfo), a mon foopofunockan opuonfauun n fo npomn wna cnnsana hpox-
no ncoio c uxonuopucfckum honxonom, n nasnana ofkpwfyk mnou hpo-
uonypy oconcuunusauuou nnuxonunmu inas (I).
Hcpnuc akcucpnvcn1antnuc nccncunannc
3umou i8? iona n pomuna nwncnufi, nackoniko ychomnou foxnu-
ka I okaxofcn hpu hponopko n konfponupyomwx ycnonunx. hop-
nonananinwx kchopumonfax n nononino noiko u qqokfunno uchoni-
sonana I hpu paofo c nochomunanunmu o cowfunx, hpoucxonunmux
nononino nanno. Iofomy nnn hopnoio oquuuanino hpononumoio uc-
cnononanun n pomuna honopafi nocfafonno onnoponnyk ipyhhy nknou,
y kofopwx ocfi hponomw, cnnsannwo c nochomunanunmu o nannux co-
wfunx. hopnyk onoponi fo moinu wfi xopfnw usnacunonanun u
cokcyaninwx nomoiafonicfn, a fakxo nofopanw nounw no iofnamo,
kofopwm wn hocfannon nuainos hocffpanmafunockuu cunnpom (I1C)
n coofnofcfnuu c fom ohponononuom, kofopoo hpunonufcn nnn foio
nuainosa n fpofiom usnanuu uainocfunockoio u cfafucfunockoio py-
kononcfna ho ymcfnonnwm paccfpoucfnam.
Iopnonananino ipyhha hauuonfon fakoio fuha kasanaci mno unoani-
nou, fak kak y ncox y nux wnu hponomw, cnnsannwo c nochomuna-
nunmu o nannux cowfunx, no okasanoci, nfo n fom ocfi cnon fpyn-
nocfi: n no snana, okaxyfcn nu nnuxonun inas qqokfunnwmu n
paspomonuu fpanmafunockux nochomunanuu, hockoniky no hwfanaci
hpumonnfi nannwu choco hpu nnnou hafonoiuu. Moxof wfi, fpan-
mafunockuo nochomunanun coxpannkfcn n mosio kakum-fo unwm opa-
som u k num no ynacfcn honynufi nocfyh c homomik nnuxonuu inas,
nfo n ychomno nonana n cnynao nofpanmafunockux nochomunanuu
IIagnostIc and StatIstIcaI ManuaI oI MontaI IIsordors (ISM-III, i8O). CHA
ISM nnnnofcn oquuuaninwm pykononcfnom ho ohponononuk kpufopuon hcuxuafpunoc-
koio nuainosa. 1pu+. nepeoo0uuiu.
2i
nn hponopku qqokfunnocfu I hpu paofo c nknimu, y kofo-
pwx ocfi fpanmafunockuo nochomunanun, n pomuna naufu nopononi-
ua, hopoxunmoio fpanmy no npomn noonnwx noucfnuu. Ofo wn nono-
nok ho umonu ai koncynifanf mouninou ipyhhw, paofanmou n
pamkax hpoipammw honnopxku nofopanon nounw no iofnamo. Xofn n
uonom on wn nocima nohnoxo hpuchoconon k xusnu u naxo hpoycho-
nan, k nomy nco npomn nosnpamanoci onno u fo xo nochomunanuo, npos-
nwnauno cunino fniofunmoo oio. Mnoio nof nasan, omo n 6O-o ionw,
ai cnyxun hoxofunuom no iofnamo. Onnaxnw, koina on nwipyxan
us chacafoninoio nopfonofa fona hoiumux connaf, hpunfoni coomun
nocima nohpunfnyk nonocfi o yufom connafo, fono kofopoio fof foni-
ko nfo hoponocun. H hohpocuna aia cocponofonuficn na nochomuna-
nuu o fom minononuu, n fo npomn kak oio inasa nonxnw wnu cno-
nufi sa nnuxonuom moou pyku. On cnonan fo, nfo n omy ionopuna, u
hocno nnyx unu fpox copuu nnuxonuu inas ckasan, nfo cuona, na kofo-
pou on cocponofonunancn, usmonunaci: snykonan nacfi nochomunanun
ucnosna. nuncfnonnwm, nfo ocfanoci, wnu ossnynno nnuxymuocn
iyw oio hpunfonn. Iocno omo nokofopoio konunocfna copuu nnuxo-
nuu inas ai ckasan, nfo ncn cuona usmonunaci hopon oio nnyfponnum
nsopom u omy fohopi kasanoci, nfo on cmofpon na hpoucxonunmoo kak
na unofnwo ockonku cfokna, noxamuo hon cnoom nonw. Ipu fom y
noio nosnukno nyncfno hokon. H moiy nakonou ckasafi ncom, nfo nouna
sakonnona u onu moiyf nosnpamaficn nomou, ckasan ai. Koina n
hponnoxuna omy cnona mwcnonno opafuficn k cowfunm no iofna-
mo, y aia nmocfo nochomunanun o yufom connafo nosnuk opas fou
cfpanw, kakou on ynunon oo no npomn cnooio hopnoio honofa nan nou,
ona hokasanaci omy hpokpacnwm pauckum canom. hopnwo sa nnan-
uafi nof n hamnfu aia nosnuk kakou-fo honoxufoninou opas, cnn-
sannwu c iofnamom. Hopos mocfi mocnuon no npomn konfponinou
ncfponu ai coomun, nfo honoxufoninwu qqokf, nosnukmuu hoc-
no coanca, coxpannofcn no cux hop. Iocno hponononnou hcuxofopahuu
ochokonmoo nochomunanuo onimo no nosnukano. bonoo foio, koina
on namoponno hwfancn nopnyficn k yinofanmomy hpoxno nochomuna-
nuk, ono kasanoci omy numi unofnwmu ockonkamu cfokna u ai no
uchwfwnan onimo nukakoio hofpnconun hpu nuno fux ockonkon.
Mou ychox c aiom honfnopxnan, nfo c homomik nnuxonuu inas
moxno honynufi nocfyh k fpanmafunockum nochomunanunm, xpannmum-
cn n hamnfu na hpofnxonuu nocnfunofuu, u nfo fu nochomunanun moiyf
nakonou honynufi honoxufoninoo paspomonuo. Oonponnan fum yc-
hoxom, n nanana konfponupyomoo uccnononanuo c 22 xopfnamu usna-
cunonanuu u cokcyaninwx nomoiafonicfn, a fakxo c nofopanamu nou-
nw no iofnamo. ospacf ynacfnukon konoancn of ii no 5J nof. Cpok,
hpomonmuu c momonfa honynonun fpanmw, wn of onnoio iona no
22
4? nof, a konunocfno npomonu, hofpanonnoo na hpononunmoocn panoo
nononuo fpanmw, konoanoci of nnyx mocnuon no 25 nof (n cnynao c hcu-
xuafpom, cfpananmum of fpanmw, honynonnou n pannom nofcfno).
Kpufopunmu, ho kofopwm n nknknana hauuonfon n cnoo uccnono-
nanuo, wnu ux sannnonun o ochokonmux fpanmafunockux nochomuna-
nunx u nanunuo onnoio unu nockonikux nwpaxonnwx cumhfomon (na-
nnsnunwo mwcnu; fniocfnwo nochomunanun, n kofopwx npkuo opasw
wnu coonunonw c nyncfnom poanucfunnocfu hpoucxonunmoio cowfun;
napymonun cna; a fakxo hponomw no nsaumoofnomonunx), nankna-
omwx ho kpaunou mopo na hpofnxonuu onnoio iona. Kpomo foio, n
ouonunana copiosnocfi xano hyfom ohponononun konunocfna sannnon-
nwx hauuonfamu cumhfomon hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma, nank-
nanmuxcn na hpofnxonuu nononu (fakux, kak nonnwo kommapw, fn-
iocfnwo nochomunanun u nannsnunwo mwcnu). bonimou nacfu ynacf-
nukon mooio uccnononanun n cnoo npomn yxo wn hocfannon nuainos
hocffpanmafunockuu cunnpom, u onu honynanu nahpannonuo ko mno,
unu k cnoum hcuxofopahonfam, unu n hcuxofopahonfunockuo uonfpw u
omunw, sanumakmuocn hponomamu mouuonaninwx fpanm. Ho-
ckoniko ynacfnukon mooio uccnononanun no hpoxonunu panoo nukakoio
nononun, a camu nnnnnuci hcuxonoiamu-koncynifanfamu u hpunnnu
nopononinoo ynacfuo n moom uccnononanuu, nanonci nocfuni honoxu-
foninoio paspomonun cnoux cocfnonnwx fpanmafunockux nochomuna-
nuu. Ynacfnuku wnu hpousnonino honononw na fopahonfunockyk u
konfponinyk ipyhhw.
H hpumonnna I n fopahonfunockou ipyhho, a n konfponinou ipyh-
ho (ipyhha A) hponnaiana cnooio pona hnauoo, opamanci k ynacf-
nukam c hpociou makcumanino honpono ohucafi cnou fpanmafunoc-
kuo nochomunanun. Icuxofopahonfunockuu hpouocc n ooux ipyhhax
hpopwnancn hpumopno onunakonoo konunocfno pas nnn usmoponun yponnn
ochokoucfna u ycfanonnonun opafnou cnnsu, nnn noio uchonisonanuci
nohpocw fuha Hfo nw counac nyncfnyofo. Honi opianusauuu konf-
poninou ipyhhw cocfonna n fom, nfow hponopufi nosmoxnocfi hony-
nonun hosufunnoio qqokfa nononun ucknknufonino n posynifafo foio,
nfo na ynacfnuka nahpannono nnumanuo uccnononafonn u on hpononuf
ohponononnoo npomn, pasupanci n cnoou hamnfu. Ofo nckpwfuo cnoux
nochomunanuu, hpu kofopom cyokf cosnafonino qokycupyofcn na nux
na hpofnxonuu nocfafonno nnufoninoio npomonu, noucfnufonino moxno
paccmafpunafi kak cnooio pona monuquuuponannoo oycnonnunanuo
hyfom camohoipyxonun, no n cnufana, nfo n fo xo npomn oio nhonno
moxno cnufafi hnauoo-qqokfom, fak kak noucfnufoninwo hosufun-
nwo posynifafw fopahuu no nnnnnuci cnoncfnuom hpnmoio hcuxofopa-
honfunockoio nosnoucfnun sa onun coanc hcuxofopahuu (Koano &
KaIoupoI, i82).
2J
ooux ipyhhax n opamanaci k kaxnomy us cyokfon c hpociou
pacckasafi o ochokonmux opasax ux fpanmafunockux nochomunanuu, a
fakxo o cohyfcfnykmux noiafunnwx mwcnnx u unonx, kacanmuxcn kak
camou fpanmafunockuu cufyauuu, fak u ux ynacfun n nou (fakux, kak,
nahpumop, H ocknopnona, H nunfoxocfno, H no chocona kon-
fponuponafi con). Ofu mwcnu n naswnak ofpuuafoninwm camohpon-
cfannonuom.
3afom n hponnaiana kaxnomy us cyokfon opafuficn k opasam us
cnoou hamnfu u k ofpuuafoninomy camohponcfannonuk, ouonunan ypo-
noni ux fponoxnocfu c homomik ii hosuuuu Hkanw cyokfunnwx
onunuu ochokoucfna (HCb), n kofopou O hponcfannnof coou nou-
fpaninyk cfohoni fponoxnocfu, a iO coofnofcfnyof nwcmou nosmoxnou
cfohonu fponoxnocfu (WoIpo, ii). Ipu fom n hponnaiana cyokfam
nopanusuponafi fo hosufunnwo mwcnu unu yoxnonun, kofopwo onu
xofonu w umofi n ofnomonuu camux con (nahpumop, fakux, kak H
cfonmuu nononok, H konfponupyk con unu H nonak nynmoo us
foio, nfo moi w cnonafi). 3afom n hponnaiana cyokfam ouonufi,
nackoniko ucfunnwmu nochpunumanuci umu fu hosufunnwo kanocfna,
uchonisyn nnn ouonku comuaninyk mkany comanfunockoio nuqqopon-
uuana Hkany coofnofcfnun hponcfannonuu (HCI), ino i ann coof-
nofcfnonan honnomy nocoofnofcfnuk, a ? annon honnomy coof-
nofcfnuk. Ipu fom n hponyhpoxnana cyokfon, nfow onu uchoni-
sonanu n kanocfno ocnonw nnn ouonku cnou unfyufunnwo nyncfna, a no
unfonnokfyaninwu ananus. 1oxnuka I hpumonnnaci n fopahonfunoc-
kou ipyhho of i5 no O munyf. Iosynifafw hokasanw na puc. i u 2.
hcuxofopahonfunockou ipyhho moxno wno ofmofufi nna usmono-
nun: ypononi fponoxnocfu honuxancn, ykaswnan na nwpaxonnwu q-
qokf noconcuunusauuu, nfo ofmonanoci honwmonuom cfohonu coof-
nofcfnun honoxufoninoio camohponcfannonun u cnunofonicfnonano o
snanufoninou koinufunnou hopocfpouko. konfponinou ipyhho nna-
nano nanknanoci ynonunonuo fponoxnocfu. Ofo coofnofcfnonano po-
akuuu na nananinwo cfanuu hpouonypw hoipyxonun, nfo, kcfafu, yxo
ofmonanoci pnnom npyiux uccnononafonou (oudowyns & ShI pIoy, i8J).
Kpomo foio, nocmofpn na nospacfanuo fponoxnocfu y cyokfon us
konfponinou ipyhhw, no wno nunoio noownnoio n fom, nfo ux nyn-
cfno cocfnonnou honnouonnocfu cnuxanoci. Io funockum coopa-
xonunm n konfponinou ipyhho hocno hponopku hnauoo-qqokfa wna
hpumonona foxnuka I, u hosufunnwu hcuxofopahonfunockuu qqokf
wn nocfuinyf hpu ofcfpononnou fopahuu (konfponinan ipyhha b). Xofn
hpu hcuxofopahuu n konfponinou ipyhho mw cfapanuci hponofnpafufi
ocyxnonuo nosmoxnwx posynifafon nononun moxny oo ynacfnukamu,
nokofopoo cpannonuo nuxaumux posynifafon nco xo nohyckanoci, n
ofnunuo of cufyauuu ofcpononnou hcuxofopahuu.
24
7
6
6
4
3
2
1
0
C
y
6
L
e
k
:
n
a
u
m
e

e
p
n
u
n
u
m

6
e
c
n
o
k
o

c
:
a
a

(
C
E
E
)
9
8
7
6
6
4
3
2
1
0
Pnc. 1. Cpepnne aennunnm CEB a 1epanea1nuecxnx
n xon1ponunmx (A n B} rpynnax. Ceanc 1
Hcnxo:epanea:neckan
rpynna
Kou:ponLuan rpynna A
(nnaue6o)
Kou:ponLuan rpynna E
(o:cpoeuuan :epannn)
7.46
0.13
6.77
8.31
7.34
0.18
jo Hocne
C
o
o
:
a
e
:
c
:
a
n
e

n
p
e
p
c
:
a
a
n
e
u
n

Hcnxo:epanea:neckan
rpynna
Kou:ponLuan rpynna A
(nnaue6o)
Kou:ponLuan rpynna E
(o:cpoeuuan :epannn)
jo Hocne
Pnc. 2. Cpepnne aennunnm coo1ae1c1ann
npepc1aanenn. Ceanc 1
3.96
6.76
2.96
2.36 2.36
6.77
25
annwo o yponnnx HCb u HCI cpasy xo hocno hponononun hcu-
xofopahuu, a fakxo nopos onun u fpu mocnua hokasanw na puc. J u 4.
Hocmofpn na fo, nfo cyokfw n fopahonfunockou ipyhho hpoxonunu
foniko onun hcuxofopahonfunockuu coanc, us honynonnwx nannwx mox-
no cnonafi nwnon, nfo wna nocfuinyfa cymocfnonnan cfohoni nocon-
cuunusauuu u nwpaxonnan koinufunnan hopocfpouka nochpunfun fpan-
mafunockoio cowfun. nohonnonuo k konunocfnonnwm usmoponunm,
ocnonannwm na coomonunx camux cyokfon, n ofmonana honfnopx-
nonuo usmononuu n nwpaxonnocfu cumhfomon. Y nofwpox us nnanuafu
nnyx cyokfon usmononun kak n honononuu, fak u n cumhfomafuko
honfnopxnanuci coomonunmu cyhpyia, ponufonou unu nonamoio npa-
na. o npomn noqopmaninoio hcuxofopahonfunockoio coanca, hpouc-
xonunmoio nopos mocfi mocnuon c ynacfuom hpumopno hononunw ynac-
fnukon uccnononanun, fakxo ofmonanaci ycfoununocfi hcuxofopahon-
funockoio qqokfa.
Pnc. 3. Cpepnne aennunnm CEB a 1epanea1nuecxnx n xon1ponunmx
rpynnax (ceanc 1; nocnepoaa1enuno opnn n 1pn mecna cnyc1n}
jo Hocne
C
y
6
L
e
k
:
n
a
u
m
e

e
p
n
u
n
u
m

6
e
c
n
o
k
o

c
:
a
a

(
C
E
E
)
Hcnxo:epanea:neckan
rpynna
Kou:ponLuan rpynna E
(o:cpoeuuan :epannn)
7.46
0.13
0.63
0.73
7.64
0.18
0.9
0.66
8
7
6
6
4
3
2
1
0
1 uecnu cnyc:n 3 uecnua cnyc:n
26
Ipokpafunuci hopnunnwo xanow cyokfw coomanu, nfo fnio-
funmuo ux nochomunanun wnu honnocfik ycfpanonw, fak xo kak u
nannsnunwo mwcnu (unu, ho kpaunou mopo, ux konunocfno snanufoni-
no ymonimunoci), u ocnu mwcnu, cnnsannwo c fpanmafunockumu noc-
homunanunmu, u nosnukanu, onu wnu numonw fponoxnocfu u hpu-
cyfcfnonanmoio n nux no nanana hcuxofopahuu ofpuuafoninoio camohpon-
cfannonun.
Kpomo foio, snanufonino cokpafunuci xanow, cnnsannwo c napy-
monunmu cna. 1ak, onun us ynacfnukon uccnononanun, kofopoio na
hpofnxonuu ncou xusnu onun unu nna pasa n nononk ochokounu hy-
iakmuo cnonunonun co cuonamu nacunun, coomun, nfo n noni hocno
I-fopahuu y noio fakxo wn con, cnnsannwu c fomou nacunun, no
on no uchwfwnan nyncfna cfpaxa u no cno cnonan pufyaninwu hoknon
cnoum npaiam-camypanm, oonunun c numu cnou cunw, hocno noio
hyiakmuo cnw onimo no honfopnnuci. Iauuonf sannun, nfo fa nnyf-
ponnnn nouna, nnunmancn fak nonio, nakonou sanopmunaci, u oio
cocfonnuo cfano fakum xo, kak n fof hopuon xusnu, koina y noio no
wno nukakux kommapon u on nyncfnonan con xopomo u ynoponno,
Pnc. 4. Cpepnne aennunnm coo1ae1c1ann npepc1aanenn
(ceanc 1; opnn mecn n 1pn mecna cnyc1n}
1 uecnu cnyc:n 3 uecnua cnyc:n
jo Hocne
Hcnxo:epanea:neckan
rpynna
Kou:ponLuan rpynna E
(o:cpoeuuan :epannn)
3.96
6.76
6.6
6.18
2.36
6.77
6.61
6.63 7
6
6
4
3
2
1
0
2?
os ncnkux cpwnon. io xona honfnopnuna, nfo on noucfnufonino
hopocfan ho nonam usunafi kynakamu honymky.
ofopana nounw no iofnamo na hpofnxonuu 2i iona mynunu fnio-
cfnwo nochomunanun, nannsnunwo mwcnu u honfopnkmuocn nonnwo
kommapw, cnnsannwo c fpanmuponanmum oio cnynaom, opoficn c
kofopwmu y noio yxo no wno nukakux cun. On nonopufonino hpu-
snancn, nfo nononokom, hopoposanmum omy n cnonunonuu iopno, wn
on cam. pyiux hyiakmux cnonunonuu y noio no wno. On hpusna-
nan, nfo unoina y noio wnu nannsnunwo mwcnu, no nu onna us nux
no umona nan num nnacfu. On ionopun fakxo, nfo chokouno ofno-
cufcn k npyium nochomunanunm, cnnsannwm c nounou no iofnamo.
na iona chycfn coomonuo o fom cnynao wno hponopono nosanucu-
mwm uccnononafonom.
Hamo uccnononanuo wno sanopmono n i88 iony. io posynifafw u
ohucanuo ocnonnou fopahonfunockou hpouonypw wnu hynukonanw n
1ournaI oI 1raumatIc Stross (ShapIro, i8a). bonoo honponoo ohu-
canuo camou hpouonypw (xofn ono u sanumaof ncoio numi nno c hono-
nunou cfpanuuw) nmocfo c unqopmauuou o namom uccnononanuu u
ohucanuom hpumopon konkpofnwx cnynaon wno ohynukonano n 1ournaI
oI ohavIor 1horapy and xporImontaI IsychIatry (ShapIro, i8b).
c1anunn1cu H
Ionoxufoninwo posynifafw hponononnoio n i8 iony uccnononanun
u mnoionucnonnwo sahpocw of hpoqoccuonaninwx hcuxofopahonfon,
kofopwo ysnanu o ofkpwfuu I us moux nwcfyhnonuu na pasnunnwx
konqoponuunx, hosnonunu mno nanafi oynonuo hpouonypo I nuuon-
suponannwx hpoqoccuonanon n onacfu nymonnoio snoponin. unfo-
pocax osohacnocfu knuonfon n ohpononuna oipanunonun nnn ynacfun n
oynonuu, k kofopomy wnu nohymonw numi chouuanucfw, umokmuo
hpano nuainocfuponafi hcuxunockuo saononanun, a fakxo choconwo
oochonufi nooxonumwo mopw osohacnocfu hpu paofo c fom mafo-
puanom, kofopwu moxof hponnnnficn hpu fou qopmo hcuxofopahuu.
1akuo chouuanucfw onanakf snanunmu o knununockux mofonax hcu-
xofopahuu u hcuxuafpuu, kofopwo moiyf wfi uchonisonanw n fom
cnynao, ocnu hpouonypa I okaxofcn noqqokfunnou. mapfo iO
iona c homomik fpoux konnoi, kofopwx n yxo oynuna foxnuko I,
wn opianusonan nnyxnnonnwu comunap. nom hpunnnu ynacfuo J6
hpoqoccuonaninwx hcuxofopahonfon u hcuxuafpon. Hnqopmauun o I
pachpocfpannnaci of hcuxofopahonfon, kofopwo nananu uchonisonafi fy
28
foxnuky n cnoou hpakfuko, u n cfana poiynnpno hpononufi oynakmuo
comunapw.
fononuo hopnoio iona oquuuaninoio hpusnanun hpouonypw
I kak mofona hcuxofopahonfunockoio nosnoucfnun n cnonana nnn con
nockoniko naxnwx nwnonon na ocnono opafnou cnnsu of ynacfnukon
oynakmux hpoipamm, a fakxo coomonuu knuonfon, c kofopwmu pa-
ofanu no hpomonmuo honiofonky hcuxofopahonfw, ysnanmuo o I
numi us hynukauuu n xypnanax. o-hopnwx, mno cfano honnfno, nfo
hpakfunockoo hpumononuo hpouonypw I okasanoci nanoko no fakum
hpocfwm, kak n hopnonananino nymana, u n naninoumom hpu oynonuu
hpouonypo I mno nooxonumo ynufwnafi fakuo qakfopw, kak cfohoni
fpanmuponannocfu knuonfa u nopmuponanuo npomonu, ofnonumoio na
hpouonypy. o-nfopwx, n honnna, nfo xapakfop oynonun hcuxofopa-
honfon nyxnaofcn n nokofopwx usmononunx, hockoniky konfunionf
hauuonfon nanan pacmupnficn u honnunuci knuonfw, okaswnakmuo fo
unu unwo qopmw cohpofunnonun hpouonypo I. -fpofiux, n ocos-
nana, nfo nnn nocfuxonun honnou hcuxofopahonfunockou qqokfunno-
cfu foxnuku I u hponofnpamonun nosononnonun cumhfomon noo-
xonumo yconopmoncfnonafi nokofopwo komhononfw hpouonypw u
noanufi n noo nonwo nomonfw, n kofopwx onimo nnumanun ynonn-
noci w ocfafonnwm fonocnwm nahpnxonunm. -nofnopfwx, cfano ncno,
nfo oynonuo I nonxno cohponoxnaficn hpakfukou hon nanknonuom
ohwfnoio chouuanucfa, fak kak mnoiuo achokfw qqokfunnoio uchoni-
sonanun I n nohocponcfnonnou paofo c knuonfamu nknknan noh-
poc npomonu, hpoxoxnonun ysnonwx momonfon hpunnfun pomonun u
nonopaninyk opafnyk cnnsi, nwhonnnkmyk poni naxnoio unnuka-
fopa, nooxonumo hpakfunocku nomoncfpuponafi no npomn oynonun.
H nakonou, cfano ononunnwm u fo, nfo coinacunmuocn na hpouonypy
I knuonfw unyf na puck honfopnoio fpanmuponanun noiafunnwm
occosnafoninwm mafopuanom, hpoucxonnmoio n fom cnynao, ocnu fox-
nuky I hohwfaofcn uchonisonafi nohoniofonnonnwu hcuxofopahonf.
posynifafo ohwfa oynonun u oomonun coomonuu of hpomon-
mux honiofonky chouuanucfon o cofnnx cnynaon us ux hpakfuku cfano
ncno, nfo ohfumaninan hpouonypa I nonxna nknknafi n con kak
noconcuunusauuk, fak u koinufunnoo hopocfpykfypuponanuo nocho-
munanuu u nunnwx ofnomonuu, kofopwo honnnnkfcn kak hoonnwo
hponykfw hpouocca anahfauuu ochokonmux nochomunanuu. Ocosnan
nco fo, n nana nonoo nasnanuo cnoou foxnuko oconcuunusauun u
hopopaofka nnuxonunmu inas (II). Ofof qakf wn no hpocfo us-
mononuom nasnanun, on ykaswnan na cymocfnonnwu cnnui n hapanui-
mo u ncou hopchokfuno, nwnonnmou foxnuky II nanoko sa hpononw
oo hopnonananinoio knununockoio ucfonkonanun kak ncoio numi cho-
coa nononun hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma. Conopmoncfnonanuo
2
hpunuuhon, hpofokonon u hpouonyp u nosnuknononuo foxnuku II
n oo nwnomnou qopmo hpunono k fomy, nfo counac II moxno ohpo-
nonufi kak mofononoiuk nonoio honxona k hcuxofopahuu n uonom. co
fo ynof honpono ohucano n naninoumux pasnonax knuiu.
antncmnc knnnn4ccknc
n akcucpnvcn1antnuc nancnnu
Ychomnwo knununockuo posynifafw uchonisonanun II n hpak-
fuko okono iO fwc. npanou u hcuxofopahonfon, hpomonmux k nacfon-
momy npomonu oynonuo, ykaswnakf na mupokuu nuahason hpumonu-
mocfu fou foxnuku. 1ak, nahpumop, ocnononanuo, cankuuonuponan-
noo u nacfunno qunancuponannoo monuuunckum uonfpom ohapfamonfa
ho nonam nofopanon nounw no iofnamo, oxnafuno npanou u hcuxofo-
pahonfon, hpomonmux oynonuo II u hpumonnnmux oo n paofo c
onoo nom iO fwc. knuonfon. Kak hokasano uccnononanuo, ?4 hcu-
xofopahonfon cnufakf, nfo II naof onimuu fopahonfunockuu q-
qokf, nom npyiuo mofonw, u numi 4 ohpomonnwx sannunu, nfo fox-
nuka II monoo qqokfunna, nom npyiuo (II pIo, i2; cm. Ipuno-
xonuo IV). Ohynukonannwo ohucanun knununockux cnynaon u coo-
monun na konqoponuunx cnunofonicfnykf o ychomnou fopahuu c ho-
momik II onimoio konunocfna hauuonfon, n fom nucno:
i) nofopanon oonwx noucfnuu hpu ohopauuu bypn n hycfwno,
nofopanon nounw no iofnamo, Kopoo u nfopou muponou nounw, no
honnananmuxcn hpononunmomycn panoo nononuk, y kofopwx hpokpafu-
nuci fniocfnwo nochomunanun, nonnwo kommapw u npyiuo hponnno-
nun hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma (CarIson, Chombtob, KusnaI &
HodIund, In pross; IanIoIs, II pIo, KIchardson & SIIvor, i2; II pIo &
otIIn, i2; Iorry, In pross; 1abor, In pross; 1homas & GaInor, iJ;
VIoIs & McCarthy, i4; Young, In pross);
2) unnununon c qounmu, y kofopwx wno ofmonono wcfpoo cnu-
xonuo cfpaxa u npyiou cumhfomafuku (Ioctor, i4; KIoInInocht, iJ;
Iohr, 1oIIn & KIoInInocht, In pross-a, In pross-b);
J) nuu, cfpanakmux hanunockum cunnpomom, kofopwo hocno hpu-
mononun II nwsnopannunanu iopasno wcfpoo, nom hpu uchoniso-
nanuu npyiux chocoon nononun (GoIdstoIn & IosIo, iJ; i4; OrIon,
iJ);
4) xopfn hpocfyhnonuu u honuuouckux, kofopwx hopocfanu ocho-
koufi hocnoncfnun hopoxufoio umu nahanonun c hpumononuom nacu-
nun (aIor & McrIdo, ii; KIoInInocht, i2; Iago & CrIno, iJ;
ShapIro & SoIomon, In pross; SoIomon, i5);
JO
5) nuu, usanunmuxcn of hopoxunanuu nposmopnoio iopn, cnnsan-
noio c yfpafou nkumoio u nuskoio nononoka, unu cmopfik npyiux
nknou, hpoucmonmou ho ux nuno, nahpumop, mamunucf hoosna,
mynumwu nyncfnom nunw hocno foio, kak hon oio hoosn hohan nononok
(IuI, iia; SoIomon, i4, i5; SoIomon & ShapIro, In pross);
6) nofou, usnononnwx of cumhfomon, nwsnannwx fpanmou, hopoxu-
fou no npomn nacunicfnonnoio nahanonun unu hpu cfuxuunwx oncfnunx
(Abruzzosso, i4; Cocco & Sharpo, iJ; GroonwaId, i4; IoIIIcor,
iJ; ShapIro, iia);
?) xopfn cokcyaninoio nacunun, kofopwo hocno hpoxoxnonun fo-
pahuu hpuoponu nosmoxnocfi nocfu nopmaninwu opas xusnu u umofi
unfumnwo ofnomonun (GouId, i4; IarnoII, i4; IuI, iia; ShapIro,
i8b, iia, i4a; Spoctor & HuthwaIto, iJ; WoIpo & Abrams,
ii);
8) xopfn kafacfpoq u hoxapon, kofopwo cmoinu paccnauficn hocno
hopoxufou fpanmw u nosononufi cnok hponykfunnyk xusni (McCann,
i2; IuI, i2; SoIomon & KauIman, i4);
) nuu, cfpananmux of cokcyaninwx paccfpoucfn, honynunmux hocno
hcuxofopahuu nosmoxnocfi umofi snoponwo u nopmaninwo cokcyaninwo
ofnomonun (IovIn, iJ; WornII, iJ);
iO) knuonfon c napkofunockou sanucumocfik ncox cfanuu, y kofo-
pwx hocno hpumononun II nanknanoci ycfoununoo ocnooxnonuo
of sanucumocfu u ymonimonuo fonnonuuu k pouununam (KItchon, ii;
ShapIro, VogoImann-SIno, & SIno, i4);
ii) nuu c nuccouuafunnwmu paccfpoucfnamu, nosnpafunmuxcn k
nopmo wcfpoo, nom fo moino wfi nocfuinyfo c hpumononuom fpa-
nuuuonnou hcuxofopahuu (IIno, i4; Iazrovo, i4; MarquIs & IuI,
i4; IauIson, In pross; IauIson, VogoImann-SIno, Iazrovo, & Young,
iJ; IuI, i4; KouanzoIn, i4; Young, i4);
i2) knuonfon c mupokum chokfpom hponnnonuu hocffpanmafunoc-
koio cunnpoma u npyiumu nuainosamu, uchwfanmux na coo nnnyk
honisy of hpumononun II (Cohn, iJ; IonstorhoIm, i4a; IIgIoy
& CarbonoII, i5; Iorbos, Croamor, & KycroIt, i4; MarquIs, ii;
IuI, iib, i4; Spatos & urnotto, In pross; Vaughan, WIoso, GoId,
& 1arrIor, i4; WoIpo, ii).
Xofn wno hpononono nononino mnoio kchopumonfaninwx uccno-
nonanuu qqokfunnocfu II, nanmux honoxufoninwu posynifaf, o
nom coomanoci na hpoqoccuonaninwx konqoponuunx, oniman nacfi
mafopuanon fux uccnononanuu no cux hop no ohynukonana. Ohynu-
konannwo posynifafw kchopumonfaninwx uccnononanuu II, k co-
xanonuk, nanoko no cfoni onnosnannw ho cpannonuk c osycnonno
honoxufoninwmu posynifafamu uccnononanuu n knununockou hpakfu-
ko, o kofopwx n yhomunana nwmo. Iockoniky nooxonumocfi hpono-
Ji
nonun anoknafnwx uccnononanuu no nwswnaof comnonun, fo n inano i2
nannou knuiu, hocno foio kak nufafoni cmoxof nynmo honnfi mofono-
noiuk n uonom, n hpunony honponoo usnoxonuo ncox hponom, cnn-
sannwx c hponononuom fakux uccnononanuu, u cnou hponnoxonun ho
fomy honony. Icuxofopahonfam u hcuxonoiam, hpumonnkmum na hpak-
fuko foxnuky II, naxno homnufi, nfo, xofn nnn honnou ouonku
II cpannufoninwx kchopumonfaninwx nannwx hoka omo noucfnu-
fonino nonocfafonno, cymocfnykf nhonno yonufoninwo nokasafoni-
cfna, nnn foio nfow ho snpanomy pasmwmnonuk hpusnafi hpumonu-
mocfi II kak n hcuxofopahonfunockou hpakfuko, fak u n uccnono-
nafonickou paofo, n ocoonnocfu n cnynanx, cnnsannwx c hocffpan-
mafunockum cunnpomom. Hccnononanun fou unu unou foxnuku sanac-
fyk snanufonino ofcfakf of oo qakfunockoio hpumononun n hpakfuno-
ckou paofo.
Hivcncnnc uapanrvu
Hsmononuo nasnanun wno cnnsano c usmononuom hponcfannonun o
cymnocfu foxnuku of nucfo honononnockoio ohponononun kak hpo-
cfo noconcuunusauuu fponoxnocfu k onoo honnou u unfoipafunnou
hapanuimo hopopaofku unqopmauuu. Ofa hapanuima nknknaof n con
nosmoxnocfi hpumononun n hcuxofopahonfunockou hpakfuko fopmuno-
noiuu u nokofopwx honnfuu, cnnsannwx c hopopaofkou unqopmauuu,
u unou o accouuafunnwx cofnx, nhopnwo hponnoxonnwx niom (Iang,
i??) u boypom (owor, i8i). Cymocfnyof mnoio npyiux foopuu ho-
popaofku unqopmauuu, umokmux cnou nocfouncfna (Chomtob,
KoItbIat, Hamada, CarIson, & 1wontyman, i88; Ioa & KozaI, i86;
HorowItz, i?; IItz & Koano, i8). II-mononi nhonno conmocfu-
ma c numu u n fo xo npomn ofnunaofcn of fux foopuu n ofnoninwx cno-
ux nomonfax u chocoax hpumononun. Hanknonun no npomn hcuxofo-
pahonfunockux coancon hosnonunu unonfuquuuponafi nokofopwo
haffopnw hpouocca hopopaofku unqopmauuu u opasonanun accouua-
funnwx nochomunanuu, cqopmynuponafi ohponononnwo hpunuuhw hpak-
funockoio hpumononun II.
Onun us hpunuuhon, nnnnkmuucn naxnwm n hpakfuko II (u no
ohpononnomwu c nocfafonnou fonnocfik n npyiux foopunx), hponhona-
iaof cymocfnonanuo y ncox nknou npoxnonnou cucfomw fonnoo, qu-
suonoiunockoio moxanusma hopopaofku unqopmauuu nnn nocfuxo-
nun ohfumaninoio nymonnoio snoponin. 1akoo anahfunnoo honoxufoni-
noo paspomonuo fpanmafunockou unqopmauuu hponhonaiaof, nfo noia-
funnwo mouuu hopopaafwnakfcn no hocfohonnoio ocnanonun, hpu
fom hpoucxonuf cnooio pona oynonuo, homoiakmoo unfoipuponafi fu
J2
mouuu u uchonisonafi ux n naninoumom. bananc fakou cucfomw ho-
popaofku unqopmauuu moxof napymuficn no npomn fpanmw unu cfpoc-
ca, nosnukakmux n hpouocco pasnufun. Ho ocnu fa cucfoma wna xofn
w onun pas akfunusuponana c homomik II u hpownaof c fox hop
n nunamunockom cocfonnuu, ona ynof hpoopasonwnafi unqopmauuk
no yponnn fopahonfunocku hpuomnomoio paspomonun. fom cnynao
noconcuunusauuk u koinufunnoo hopocfpykfypuponanuo moxno noc-
hpunumafi kak cnooio pona hoonnwo hponykfw anahfunnou hopopaof-
ku, hpoucxonnmou na noupoqusuonoiunockum yponno.
Ofof hpunuuh nukoum opasom no hpofunoponuf fou honononnockou
opuonfauuu, kofopou n hopnonananino hpunopxunanaci u kofopan nknk-
nana n con hpusnanuo nsaumonoucfnun moxny ycnoonnwm n hpouocco
oynonun mafopuanom, oycnonnonnwmu poakuunmu u qusuonoiunoc-
kumu ocfonfonicfnamu, a fakxo choconocfik hcuxofopahonfa nmo-
munaficn n fof hpouocc nnn oio cfpykfypuponanun u honynonun na-
nknaomwx honononnockux posynifafon. oucfnufonino, mnoiuo
uxonuopucfw moinu w hpounfophpofuponafi II ucknknufonino n
fopmunax oycnonnunanun u (unu) nosnoucfnun. Onnako xofn uccnono-
nanun hocnonnoio nocnfunofun mnoioo hponcnunu n moxanusmax, no-
xamux n ocnono II, hpumonnkmuo fy foxnuky hcuxofopahonfw
nyxnakfcn n npucfunockom honxono, kofopwu mw coionnn moxom hpon-
noxufi. Hnqopmauuonno-hopopaafwnakman hapanuima, kofopyk n
nasnana mononik yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu, hponnaiaof
choco oncnonun qqokfa II, a fakxo hosnonnof ychomno hpon-
ckaswnafi hpumonumocfi foxnuku II k pasnoopasnwm hponomam.
Cnonykmuu pasnon fou inanw kpafko ohucwnaof ocnonnwo momonfw
mononu yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu. bonoo honpono mw
ocynum fy fomy n inano 2.
Yckupcnnau ucpcpau1ka nngupvaunn
Mononi yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu paccmafpunaof oni-
muncfno hafonoiuu kak cnoncfnuo hponmocfnonanmoio xusnonnoio
ohwfa, cosnakmoio ycfoununwu haffopn aqqokfa, honononun, camo-
hponcfannonun u coofnofcfnykmou cfpykfypw nunnocfnou unonfunno-
cfu. Iafonoiunockan cfpykfypa koponufcn n cfafunockou, nonocfafonno
hopopaofannou unqopmauuu, ofknanwnakmoucn n hamnfu no npomn
fpanmafunockoio cowfun. nuahasono of hpocfoio hocffpanmafunoc-
koio cunnpoma u qouu no onoo cnoxnwx nnnonuu, fakux kak hanu-
nockuu cunnpom, nokofopwo qopmw nohpoccuu, nuccouuafunnwo u nun-
nocfnwo paccfpoucfna, cama hafonoiun moxof paccmafpunaficn kak
konquiypauun, nosnukman hon nnunnuom hponmocfnonanmoio ohwfa,
JJ
coxpannkmoiocn n nopnnou cucfomo n qopmo, oycnonnonnou hopoxu-
fwm cocfonnuom.
Iponmocfnonanmuu fpanmafunockuu ohwf hauuonfa okaswnaof sna-
nufoninoo nnunnuo na oio poakuuk na cfumynw u pasnpaxufonu, us-
nnokakmuo us hamnfu noiafunnwo mouuu u coofnofcfnykmuo camohpon-
cfannonun, nohnomonnwo n fux nochomunanunx. Honocfafok anoknaf-
noio ycnoonun unqopmauuu osnanaof, nfo knuonf hpononxaof mouu-
onanino u honononnocku poaiuponafi na hpoucxonnmoo n nacfonmoo
npomn fak, kak ohpononnofcn hponmocfnonanmum fpanmafunockum co-
wfuom. Hahpumop, poonok moxof uchwfwnafi nhonno honnfnwu cfpax
u yfpafy konfponn nan coou, koina oio nahyiaof nspocnwu, no ocnu
na hononyk cufyauuk fakum xo opasom ynof poaiuponafi nspocnwu
nononok, fo fo cnufaofcn noymocfnwm. spocnwu nononok moxof uc-
hwfafi nyncfno cfpaxa u yfpafufi camokonfponi no npomn ypaiana unu
unoio cfuxuunoio oncfnun, no ocnu y noio nopos mocnu nosnukaof fakan
xo poakuun hpu hopwno nofpa, fo fo moxno cnufafi hafonoiunockum
nnnonuom. ucqynkuuonaninan hpupona fpanmafunockux nochomuna-
nuu, n fom nucno u choco ux coxpanonun n hamnfu, hpunonuf k fomy,
nfo noiafunnwo aqqokfw u hponcfannonun us hpomnoio hauuonfa hpo-
nukakf n oio nacfonmoo. Iopopaofka fakux hponcfannonuu n xono
II hosnonnof honoxufoninwm, nconnkmum ynoponnocfi mouunm
u hponcfannonunm qopmuponafi oomonnwo accouuafunnwo opasw
hamnfu na ocnono nonwx noupoqusuonoiunockux npomonnwx cnnsou, nfo
nonof k nosnuknononuk y knuonfa onoo anoknafnwx qopm honononun.
C fakux hosuuuu mnoiuo hponnnonun hcuxohafonoiuu moxno paccmaf-
punafi kak nhonno honnakmuocn usnononuk, ocnu, kononno, hcuxo-
fopahonf cmoxof hpanunino ohpononufi uoni u hponmof cnooio nosnou-
cfnun. Iofomy naxnwm komhononfom ohponononun anamnosa nwcfy-
haof unonfuqukauun u nwnnnonuo nochomunanuu, kofopwo hpunonu k
qopmuponanuk ofpuuafoninou H-konuohuuu knuonfa u oio noiafun-
noio honononun. axo nnno nwpaxonnwo nunnocfnwo napymonun nhon-
no moiyf wfi usmononw k nynmomy c homomik hononou hopopaof-
ku, kofopan nocfaunusupyof nucqynkuuonaninwo xapakfopucfuku,
nahpumop, fpanmafunockoio nochomunanun, sacfannnkmuo hapano-
unnyk nunnocfi wfi honospufoninou ho ofnomonuk k npyium nknnm,
a unnununa c cunnpomom usoianun nyncfnonafi con osymnwm.
nn nokofopwx hcuxofopahonfon hpunnfuo mononu yckoponnou ho-
popaofku unqopmauuu moxof nochpunumaficn kak ocfocfnonnan u sa-
konomopnan unfoipauun ux hponcfannonuu, no nnn npyiux hofpoyofcn
cmona hapanuimw. hponnaiaomom namu honxono ocfi ohponononnwo
momonfw, kofopwo moiyf wfi honnopinyfw kpufuko. 3noci n numi
kpafko ofmony ux.
J4
i. to:+onocmi nenocpe0cmoennoeo, no ne mpeyumeeo 0upeimuonoeo
o+emume:icmou qu:uo:oeuuecioeo o:uu+o0eucmoun c nuion:enni+u o nu-
+nmu numo:oeuueciu+u ::e+enmu+u. Hanknonun sa posynifafamu
II-hcuxofopahuu hosnonnkf hponhonoxufi, nfo hpununou hafo-
noiuu nnnnofcn unqopmauun nucqynkuuonaninou hpuponw. Ha noo
moxno nohocponcfnonno nosnoucfnonafi u fpancqopmuponafi, no uc-
honisyn monukamonfosnwo mofonw nononun. Hahpumop II-hcuxo-
fopahun usupaof n kanocfno uonu camu nochomunanun knuonfa na
fpanmafunockuo cowfun, a no poakuuk na nux (honynonnyk c homo-
mik uonoiunockou opafnou cnnsu, hoipyxonun unu fponunia ponak-
cauuu). Ipoopasonanuo unqopmauuu n nochomunanuu n posynifafo
nosnoucfnun hpoucxonuf kak w chonfanno u hpunonuf k usmononuk
poakuuu knuonfa.
Hanknonun sa nosnukmumu n posynifafo II-hcuxofopahuu us-
mononunmu kak n camux nochomunanunx, fak u n chocoo ux xpanonun
nhonno coinacykfcn c nonannumu hponhonoxonunmu, cnonannwmu nno
sanucumocfu of namux uccnononanuu, ofnocnmumucn k noknapafunnou
(f.o. umokmou honocfnonafoninwu xapakfop) u nonoknapafunnou hamnfu
(II pIo, i2a; van dor KoII, i4). Iopon nananom hpumononun II-
hcuxofopahuu uspannoo n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun fpanmafunockoo
nochomunanuo moxof hponnnnficn n qopmo kapfunw, hponcfannonun,
aqqokfa u qusunockux omymonuu, umokmux fpanmafunockyk qopmy,
ohpononnomyk fom cocfonnuom, c kofopwm wno cnnsano camo hpuo-
pofonuo nannoio ohwfa. Ofu qakfopw ykaswnakf na fo, nfo fpanma-
funockuo nochomunanun xpannfcn n nonoknapafunnou hamnfu. Onnako
hocno II-hcuxofopahuu fu nochomunanun okaswnakf yxo iopasno
monimoo fpanmafunockoo nosnoucfnuo u cnnswnakfcn c onoo hosufun-
nwmu hponcfannonunmu u onoo anoknafnwmu mouunmu. Kpomo foio,
cohyfcfnonanmuo ochokonmuo qusunockuo omymonun yxo no nank-
nakfcn. osmoxno, hopopaofka unqopmauuu hpunonuf k onoo oh-
fumaninwm chocoam oo coxpanonun n noknapafunnou hamnfu, a fo
osnanaof ocnooxnonuo of hafonoiunockux poakuuu.
2. 1pe0cmuo:enue o u:nuuu:ino cymecmoyumeu u0unmuonou unqop+u-
uuonno-nepepuumiouumeu cucme+e. Cyfi foio hponhonoxonun cocfo-
uf n fom, nfo fakan nnyfponnnn cucfoma hopopaofku unqopmauuu nou-
cfnufonino cymocfnyof u hafonoiuu nosnukakf n posynifafo sanokupo-
nannocfu foio ocfocfnonnoio moxanusma. Iofomy, ocnu fpanmafunoc-
koo nochomunanuo naunono u cucfoma hopopaofku akfunupyofcn, fpan-
mafunockan unqopmauun hpuopofaof cnoo anahfunnoo paspomonuo.
Hanknonun no npomn coancon II-hcuxofopahuu honfnopxnakf fo
hponhonoxonuo. Hof comnonun, nfo cucfoma hopopaofku unqopmauuu
opianusonana fakum opasom, nfo fo hosnonnof ou noccfanannunafi
J5
nymonnoo snoponio fak xo, kak fono ocfocfnonno nwsnopannunaof hoc-
no fpanmw. Ofo hponcfannonuo nnnnofcn ocnonou foopofunockou mono-
nu II, opuonfuponannou hpoxno ncoio na camoio knuonfa.
Iponhonoxonuo o fom, nfo cama fpanma n nokofopom cmwcno ho-
poxnaofcn napymonuom ananca u nosnuknononuom hpohnfcfnun n anok-
nafnou hopopaofko unqopmauuu, wno nhopnwo nwckasano I. 1anot
(i88/i?J), a fakxo H. Iannonwm (IavIov, i2?). Kpomo foio, ono
nwnnuiaofcn n conpomonnwx uccnononanunx nonfoninocfu noupomonua-
fopon (van dor KoII, iJ; Watson, HoIIman, & WIIson, i88; Zagor
& IacI, i85).
C fum coinacyofcn nama iuhofosa o fom, nfo, ocnu cucfoma hopopa-
ofku unqopmauuu ynof onnaxnw akfunuponana, fpanmafunockan un-
qopmauun nannof ocfocfnonno cfpomuficn k hosufunnomy paspomonuk.
1ak, nahpumop, nam nousnocfno o fom, nfow hpoxonunmuo II-
hcuxofopahuk xopfnw usnacunonanuu omymanu ofnpamonuo k coo,
hpumupunmuci c qakfom fpanmafunockoio hpoucmocfnun. Haoopof,
fu knuonfw, hpuxonunmuo na hcuxofopahuk c nyncfnom nunw u cfw-
na, nocfuianu safom honoxufoninoio cocfonnun camohpunnfun, hokon
u hpumuponun c fpanmafunockum cowfuom. Cnonyof ofmofufi, nfo,
xofn knuonfw moiyf na coancax hopoxunafi ocfpoo nyncfno nymonnoio
pasnana u npomonno omymafi oocfponuo ochokoucfna, nco fo nnnn-
ofcn numi hopoxonnou cfanuou na hyfu k uonufoninomy paspomonuk.
1onnonuun nnuxonun k honoxufoninomy cocfonnuk, koina unqop-
mauuonno-hopopaafwnakman cucfoma honnopxunaofcn n nunamunockou
qopmo c homomik II, coinacyofcn c unonmu Macnoy (i?O). fo
xo npomn moxno ionopufi u o kopponnuunx c hponhonoxonunmu fpa-
nuuuonnou monuuunckou mononu, ino monukamonfosnoo nononuo u
hpnmoo nfopxonuo n opianusm uchonisykfcn nnn pasnokuponanun oc-
focfnonnwx uonufoninwx nosmoxnocfou fona u yckopnkf ux hponnnonuo.
hcuxofopahuu fpanm c homomik II hponhonaiaofcn, nfo anano-
iunnwu fopahonfunockuu qqokf nocfuiaofcn hpu pasnokuponanuu
moxanusma hopopaofku unqopmauuu.
J. H:+enenue u0enmuquiuuuu no +epe c0oueoo o cmpyimype :uneuum-
:ennou unqop+uuuu. Io mopo fpancqopmuponanun fpanmafunockou un-
qopmauuu hpoucxonuf cohyfcfnykmoo fomy usmononuo koinufunnou
cfpykfypw, honononun, mouuu, omymonuu u f.h. Knununockuu ohwf
hokaswnaof, nfo ocnu xofn w onnaxnw chouuqunockuo fpanmafunoc-
kuo nochomunanun wnu hopopaofanw, fo nyncfno cocfnonnou cunw
knuonfa u oio camoouonka anfomafunocku usmonnkfcn. Ofo chonfan-
no hpunonuf k nonwm, onoo camoyfnopxnakmum qopmam honononun.
Mononi yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu hponhonaiaof, nfo nuc-
qynkuuonaninwo nochomunanun hponmocfnykf pasnufuk hafonoiuno-
J6
ckux kanocfn nunnocfu u nfo cfpykfypa fpanmafunockux nochomunanuu
moxof wfi usmonona. 1oopofunocku moxno fonno hponckasafi (u fo
coofnofcfnyof nanknonunm hcuxofopahonfon, paofakmux c II),
nfo naxo nokofopwo nunnocfnwo paccfpoucfna honnakfcn cpannufoni-
no wcfpwm usmononunm, ocnu n kanocfno uonu hopopaofku usupa-
kfcn knknonwo fpanmafunockuo nochomunanun (pasymoofcn, ucknknan
qakfopw nosmoxnwx uoxumunockux unu opianunockux napymonuu).
4. Ucooo0enue om punee npunnmix ope+ennix oepunuuenuu. II
onanaof choconocfik nwswnafi inyokuo hcuxofopahonfunockuo us-
mononun sa onoo kopofkoo npomn, nom fo, kofopoo n fpanuuuonnom
honxono cnufaofcn nooxonumwm nnn nocfuxonun hononoio qqokfa;
hpu fom npomn, hpomonmoo c momonfa camoio fpanmafunockoio co-
wfun, snanonun no umoof. II ocnonnou akuonf nonaofcn na
cosnanuu hcuxofopahonfunockoio qqokfa c homomik ycfanonnonun
anahfunnou cnnsu accouuafunnwx noupoqusuonoiunockux uohonok c
unqopmauuonno-hopopaafwnakmou cucfomou. usunockou nusocfik
fux nnyx cucfom oncnnofcn fo, nfo nnn nocfuxonun posynifafa hcu-
xofopahuu nof nooxonumocfu wfi xocfko oipanunonnwm npomonnw-
mu pamkamu. 1ak, nahpumop, pykononufonu pnna monuuunckux uonf-
pon ohapfamonfa ho nonam nofopanon coomanu (IanIoIs ot aI., i2)
o cnynanx, koina qqokf hopopaofku nocfuiancn sa onun coanc II.
Ipu fom hpoucxonuna honnan noconcuunusauun u koinufunnoo ho-
pocfpykfypuponanuo fpanmafunockux nochomunanuu, n ocoonnocfu y
fox nofopanon nounw no iofnamo, kofopwo no foio no honnananuci
nosnoucfnuk hcuxofopahuu.
H xofona w honnopknyfi, nfo nanknonun cnynaon cnonmunno nos-
nukanmux nnuxonuu inas hpunonu monn k yoxnonuk, nfo n nafonk-
nynaci na nokuu npoxnonnwu qusuonoiunockuu moxanusm, okaswna-
kmuu nosnoucfnuo na koinufunnwo hpouoccw. Ofa hopnonananinan
ouonka wna ocoonno naxna, fak kak ona honkpohnnna foopofunoc-
kuo oocnonanun u mok iofonnocfi coinacuficn c qakfom wcfpwx u
inyokux fopahonfunockux usmononuu. Mno kasanoci nhonno noiunnwm
hponhonoxufi, nfo uchonisonanuo nnuxonuu inas hpunonuf k nohpo-
usnoninomy honknknonuk k npoxnonnomy qusuonoiunockomy moxanus-
my, pasnunmomycn nnn hopopaofku fpanmafunockou unqopmauuu, nfo
u cosnaof hcuxofopahonfunockuu qqokf, nhonno cpannumwu c posyni-
fafamu monukamonfosnoio hcuxoqapmakonoiunockoio nmomafonicfna
unu naxo hponocxonnmuu oio. Xumunockuo usmononun n cunahfunoc-
kux pouohfopax unu xo uoxumunockuo u uonokfpunockuo qakfopw,
chococfnykmuo nononuk hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma, nocomnon-
no, moxno cnufafi naxnou onacfik uccnononanuu. ofnunuo of fpa-
nuuuonnoio, hpoxno ncoio noupouonoiunockoio honxona k nononuk
hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma, ohpannwnakmoio hpumononuo on-
J?
sonuasohunon, kapamasohuna unu hpohapafon nufun, foxnuka II
ofnaof hponhonfonuo uchonisonanuk anahfunnwx hpouoccon camoio
opianusma. A hockoniky no foniko nnuxonun inas, no (kak hokasano n
inano J) u npyiuo cfumynw moiyf hpunonufi k fakomy xo qqokfy, fo
cam fonocno-opuonfuponannwu hcuxofopahonfunockuu honxon ykasw-
naof na fo, nfo hpu akfunauuu hpucymux opianusmy anahfunnwx qu-
suonoiunockux hpouoccon hpucyfcfnyof nonfo, nwxonnmoo sa pamku
foniko numi uoxumunockoio oncnonun.
Iockoniky nco hcuxofopahonfunockuo mofonw moxno cnufafi pao-
fakmumu c unqopmauuou, qusuonoiunockum opasom nakohnonnou n
mosio, fo unqopmauuonno-hopopaafwnakman hapanuima oochonunaof
fakou unfoipafunnwu honxon, kofopwu moxof nknknafi n con knkno-
nwo achokfw fakux pasnwx nahpannonuu, kak hcuxonunamunockoo,
honononnockoo, koinufunnoo, iomfanif, a fakxo fonocno-opuonfupo-
nannwo qopmw hcuxofopahuu (nknknan hcuxoqapmakonoiuk).
Tcupc1n4cckau cunvcc1nvuc1t
Hchonisonanuo II moxof wfi honnocfik conmocfumo c oni-
muncfnom usnocfnwx hcuxonoiunockux honxonon. axnocfi hpuopo-
fonnwx n pannom nofcfno nochomunanuu coofnofcfnyof hcuxonunamu-
nockou mononu (Iroud, iOOi5J; 1ung, ii6), n fo npomn kak
cocponofononuo nnumanun na cymocfnykmux n nacfonmoo npomn nuc-
qynkuuonaninwx poakuunx u qopmax honononun honnocfik coinacyof-
cn c hapanuimou oycnonnunanun u ionopanusauuu n knaccunockom
uxonuopusmo (SaItor, i6i; WoIpo, ii). nohonnonuo k fomy, nfo
foxnuka II uonfpuponana na knuonfo (Kogors, i5i), nam honxon
opamaofcn k konuohuuu hosufunnou u noiafunnou camoouonku kon-
uohuuu, hponno ykopononnou n cqopo koinufunnou hcuxofopahuu
(ocI, i6?; IIIs, i62; MoIchonbaum, i??; Young, iO), a akuonf
na qusunockux poakuunx knuonfa, cnnsannwx c cymocfnykmumu y noio
nucqynkuuonaninwmu hponnnonunmu (Iang, i?), nnnnofcn naxnwm
nomonfom n honnomacmfanom hcuxofopahonfunockom uchonisonanuu
fou foxnuku.
Hocmmpuomumunecuuu cun0pom
Iopnonananino II wna hcuxofopahonfunockou foxnukou, opu-
onfuponannou umonno na hpumononuo k nuuam c nuainosom hocffpan-
mafunockoio cunnpoma. Iaofa c nofopanamu nounw no iofnamo hpu-
nnokna nnumanuo k camomy fpanmafunockomy cowfuk, ykaswnan na
nosmoxnocfi oxunanun ycfoununwx hcuxonoiunockux poakuuu na
J8
cfpocc, nfo nnnnofcn hpnmwm cnoncfnuom nonununw cfpocconoio qak-
fopa (IIgIoy, i?8b; KadushIn, ouIangor, & MartIn, i8i; IauIor ot
aI., i8i; McIormott, i8i; Strayor & IIonhorn, i?5; WIIson, i?8).
Icuxofopahonfw, paofakmuo c nuuamu, hopoxunmumu fpanmy,
coinacnw n fom, nfo ynynmonuo n cnynao hocffpanmafunockoio cunn-
poma nocfuiaofcn hyfom ycfanonnonun cnnsu c camum fpanmafunockum
cowfuom u hocnonykmoio hpumononun mupokoio nuahasona hcuxofo-
pahonfunockux foxnuk. K coxanonuk, n nufopafypo ocfi ncoio numi
nockoniko coomonuu o kchopumonfaninwx uccnononanunx, honfnop-
xnakmux qqokfunnocfi hononwx foxnuk. boniman nacfi ohynuko-
nannwx paof, hocnnmonnwx nannou fomo, conopxuf fuonoiunockuo,
hunomuonoiunockuo nuo unwo foopofunockuo hponhonoxonun, own-
no ocnonannwo na no konfponuponanmuxcn uccnononanunx knununoc-
kux cnynaon u na hoponucnonuu nosmoxnwx posynifafon, oomannwx
fomu unu unwmu hcuxofopahonfunockumu foxnukamu (IaIo, Abuog,
Woodward, & Koano, iJ; Hyor, i4b; MaIIoy, IaIrbanI, & Koano,
i8J; SoIomon, GorrIty, & MuII, i2). 1om no monoo pasnunnwo ac-
hokfw fux mnoionucnonnwx foopuu u fopahonfunockux mofonon wnu
unkophopuponanw n hpakfuky II, nokasan cnok qqokfunnocfi.
Luoxumunecuuu no0xo0
Onno us mnoiooomakmux nahpannonuu uccnononanuu cnnsano c
iuhofosou o fom, nfo hocffpanmafunockuu cunnpom nnnnofcn posyni-
fafom uoxumunockux usmononuu n uonfpaninou nopnnou cucfomo
(HHC), nwsnannwx cfpoccom (AnIsman, i?8; ChrIstI & Chostor, i82).
Ofo ocnonano na hponhonoxonuu, nfo hapanuima nosnukmou n posyni-
fafo naynonun ochomomnocfu, cosnannan na ocnono naopafopnwx
kchopumonfon, n kofopwx honohwfnwx xunofnwx honnopianu cfpoc-
conomy nosnoucfnuk n cufyauuu nonosmoxnocfu chacfuci oicfnom,
ananoiunna honononnockum qqokfam hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma
(Van dor KoII, Groonborg, oyd, & KrystaI, i85). Cymocfnyof fakxo
hponhonoxonuo, nfo fpanmafunockuo cowfun nwswnakf usmononuo n
HHC na yponno omona nophunoqpuna, nfo nonof k omomy cnuxo-
nuk yponnn akfunnocfu u k fakum cumhfomam, kak ocnanonuo mofu-
nauuu u safopmaxunanuo mouuu. Ofa hapanuima fakxo hponnaiaof cnoo
oncnonuo cumhfomam iuhopakfunnocfu u ynonunonun mouuonaninou
nauninocfu, nfo nwswnaofcn hocnoncfnunmu nopanponopiofunockou iu-
hopnyncfnufoninocfu. Hsnaian fakoo honumanuo hponomw, an nop
Konk hponhonoxun, nfo nononuo hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma non-
xno nknknafi n con namoponnoo hponnnnonuo pasnpaxufonn, nos-
noucfnuo, hononoo fomy, kofopoo uchonisyofcn nnn honannonun ho-
J
cnoncfnuu hopoxufoio honohwfnwmu xunofnwmu moka n cufyauuu,
koina chacfuci oicfnom nonosmoxno.
pyiuo foopuu fakxo hponhonaiakf, nfo umonno qusuonoiunockuo
usmononun nonyf k honwmonnou nosynumocfu u nyncfnufoninocfu y
xopfn hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma. Kon (KoIb, i8?) nwnnunyn
iuhofosy, coinacno kofopou n ocnono moxanusmon, poiynupykmux con
u qynkuuu konfponn aipoccunnoio honononun, noxaf kopfukaninwo
hpouoccw. an nop Konk (i8?) u punman (i88) hponhonoxunu, nfo
qonomon onaia cnononun (f.o. hpoipoccupykmoo nospacfanuo nyn-
cfnufoninocfu) nnnnofcn hpununou nosnuknononun cocfonnuu nosyx-
nonun, fuhunnwx nnn hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma. Ofu uoxumu-
nockuo mononu nhonno coinacykfcn c mononik yckoponnou hopopaofku
unqopmauuu, coinacno kofopou qusuonoiunockoo nokuponanuo ho-
popaofku ofnofcfnonno sa hafonoiunockuo hponnnonun, u wcfpwo u
hosufunnwo posynifafw II-hcuxofopahuu nwfokakf us nokfpo- u
uoxumunockux usmononuu, noccfanannunakmux ananc n ocfocfnon-
nou qusuonoiunockou cucfomo, hponnasnanonnou nnn accumunnuuu
fpanmafunockoio cowfun .
Hcuxo0unumunecuuu no0xo0
C namum honxonom xopomo coinacyofcn u hcuxonunamunockan mo-
noni hopopaofku unqopmauuu (HorowItz, i?), hponhonaiakman, nfo
cymocfnykman y unnununa ocfocfnonnan fonnonuun k sanopmonuk
hpononxaof hopopaafwnafi fpanmafunockyk unqopmauuk n akfunnou
hamnfu no fox hop, hoka ona no nannof coofnofcfnonafi nnyfponnou
mononu mupa, cymocfnykmou y unnununa. cnu xo fpanmafunockoo
cowfuo no moxof wfi nknknono n cymocfnykmyk cxomy, fo unqop-
mauun ocfaofcn n akfunnou hamnfu u ynof hpopwnaficn napyxy n qop-
mo nannsnunwx mwcnou. Ofof hpouocc, hopomoxanci c hopuonamu fop-
moxonun, nnufcn no fox hop, hoka no ynof nocfuinyf ohponononnwu
ypononi unfoipauuu.
hcuxonunamunockom honxono nonaofcn hohwfka pounfoipuponafi
fpanmafunockuu ohwf hyfom uchonisonanun pasnoopasnwx foxnuk,
cnnsannwx co chouuqunockumu cfanunmu fpanmafunockoio paccfpoucfna
(unu xo cfanunmu hcuxofopahonfunockoio hpouocca), fak xo kak u co
cfanunmu nunnocfnoio pasnufun knuonfa (IacIburn, OConnoII, &
KIchman, i84; rondo, i8i; rondo & McCann, i84; Crump, i84;
Cp. c qonomonom nomunanfw A. A. Yxfomckoio. 1pu+. nuyunoeo pe0uimopu.
Ofmofum, nackoniko honosno moino w wfi nnn anfopa snakomcfno c honn-
fuom qynkuuonaninan cucfoma I. K. Anoxuna. 1pu+. nuyunoeo pe0uimopu.
4O
HorowItz, i?J, i?4; HorowItz & KaItroIdor, i8O). Icuxofopahonfu-
nockoo nmomafonicfno nknknaof n con foxnuku cokpwfun (nahpumop,
yhpannonuo cfpoccom) nnn cfanuu, cnnsannwx c nannsnunwmu mwcnn-
mu, u packpwnakmuo foxnuku (fakuo, kak hcuxonpama), hpumonno-
mwo no npomn cfanuu ofpuuanun (HorowItz, i?J, i?4). K coxanonuk,
paofw, n kofopwx uccnonyofcn qqokfunnocfi hcuxonunamunockoio
honxona (HorowItz, Marmar, WoIss, IowItt, & Kosonbaum, i84;
IIndy, Groon, Graco, & 1Itchonor, i8J), cfpanakf nnno nonocfafon-
nwm nucnom nanknonuu n konfponinwx ipyhhax u nocfpoium pasnono-
nuom cyokfon c pasnwmu nuainosamu, us kofopwx numi nokofopwo
knuonfw wnu c hocffpanmafunockum cunnpomom. Onnako cama foopun
fonnonuuu k sanopmonuk xopomo coinacyofcn c cymocfnykmum n
II hponcfannonuom o nokuponanuu hopopaofku unqopmauuu u,
kpomo foio, fa foopun uonna uchonisonanuom pasnunnwx cfpafoiuu,
nahpannonnwx na qqokfunnyk homomi knuonfy, nfo fakxo coinacyofcn
c mynifumonaninwm honxonom II, nknknakmum n con foxnuku
camokonfponn, cfanuu noopaxaomoio hpouipwnanun nooxonumou
cuonw, a fakxo ycnoonuo anifopnafunnwx qopm honononun.
Hooe0ennecuuu no0xo0
Ionononnockuu honxon k hocffpanmafunockomy cunnpomy pasncnn-
ofcn n paofo Kono, Humopunia u Konnona (i85) u cohponoxnaofcn
nnyxqakfopnou foopuou oynonun (Mowror, i6O), nknknakmou n con
kak knaccunockoo, fak u ohopanfnoo oycnonnunanuo. Cfoponnuku fou
foopuu cnufakf, nfo cymocfnyof ohponononnoo nsaumoofnomonuo moxny
pasnufuom cfpaxa u usoiakmum honononuom. Ofo nnnonuo xapakfopno
nnn cnynaon hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma u nanknaofcn y hpoxonn-
mux oycnonnunanuo honohwfnwx xunofnwx (Koano, ZImorIng, &
CaddoII, i85; KIIpatrIcI, Voronon, & KosIcI, i82; KoIb, i84).
foopuu Moypopa (Mowror) hopnwu qakfop nknknaof n con oy-
nonuo c homomik accouuauuu, unu knaccunockoo oycnonnunanuo,
fakoo xo, kak n hopnwx kchopumonfax H. Iannona, ino snonok kono-
koninuka, nwhonnnnmuu poni ycnonnoio pasnpaxufonn, coonunnncn c
hopoxunanuom cfpocca, nnnnnmumcn osycnonnwm pasnpaxufonom.
1akoo coonunonuo hpunonuno k nosnuknononuk anopcunnoio, f.o.
nwswnakmoio nohpunfuo, mouuonaninoio cocfonnun, nahpumop,
nyncfny cfpaxa, nosnukakmomy cpasy xo, kak foniko pasnanancn sno-
nok (IavIov, i2?). fopwm qakfopom n foopuu Moypopa nnnnofcn
uncfpymonfaninoo oynonuo, unu usoiakmoo honononuo, hpunonnmoo
k fomy, nfo opianusm ynof hocnononafonino usoiafi u ycnonnwu pas-
npaxufoni (snonok), u osycnonnwu (cfpocc). fou hapanuimo cfpax,
4i
nwsnannwu apfunnopuuckou cfponiou no npomn nounw unu, nahpu-
mop, cnynaom usnacunonanun, accouuupyofcn c npyiumu hopoxunanu-
nmu. co hononwo accouuauuu fuha ipomkoio myma n cnynao apfun-
nopuuckou cfponiw unu fomnwx ynuu n cnynao usnacunonanun ynyf
ho mopo nosmoxnocfu uinopuponaficn xopfnou. na kchopumonfani-
nwx uccnononanun, hocnnmonnwx fomy, kak nofopanw nounw no iof-
namo poaiupykf na pasnpaxufonu, nahomunakmuo um o nouno, hon-
fnopxnakf fy mononi oycnonnunanun (Ianchard, KoIb, IaIImayor,
& GorardI, i82; MaIIoy ot aI., i8J). Kpomo foio, ocfi coomonun o
nhonno ychomnom hcuxofopahonfunockom nosnoucfnuu, ocnonannom na
fou foopuu (IaIIbanI & ^IchoIson, i8?).
uainocfunockuo kpufopuu hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma nknkna-
kf n con nannsnunwo mwcnu, ofnocnmuocn k fpanmafunockomy cowfuk,
fniocfnwo nochomunanun u nonnwo kommapw, conopxamuo chouu-
qunockuo honponocfu fpanmafunockoio cowfun. 1akum opasom, fox-
nuku honononnockou hcuxofopahuu moiyf wfi uchonisonanw nnn ycuno-
nun nosnoucfnun na oycnonnonnwo pasnpaxufonu c uonik ocnanonun
cohyfcfnykmoio fomy pasnpaxufonk honononun, ocnonannoio na fpo-
noxnocfu u (unu) cfpaxo, a fakxo coofnofcfnykmux qusuonoiunockux hpo-
nnnonuu. Iockoniky n ocnono qusuonoiunockou u honononnockou nosa-
nahfauuu noxuf fpanmafunockoo cowfuo, n honononnockom honxono nnn
onoinonun cumhfomafuku hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma uchonisykf-
cn foxnuku hpnmoio hcuxofopahonfunockoio nosnoucfnun (oydowyns &
ShI pIoy, i8J), usnocfnwo fakxo kak foxnuku hoipyxonun (MaIIoson,
i5) u umhnosunnwo foxnuku, hponhonaiakmuo hpnmyk konqponfa-
uuk c hpoucmocfnuom (StampII, uuf. n Iondon, i64).
cnynao uchonisonanun nnn nononun hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpo-
ma hpnmoio hcuxofopahonfunockoio nosnoucfnun fpanmafunnocfi nocho-
munanuu nacfo ocnaonaof hocno nockonikux coancon, hoka no hpoucxo-
nuf cnuxonuo yponnn fponoxnocfu. Honi n fom cnynao cocfouf n fom,
nfow nwswnafi y knuonfa kak moxno onimyk cfohoni fponoxnocfu na
hpofnxonuu makcumanino nnufoninoio npomonu. Icuxofopahun n fom
cnynao ocnonana na hponhonoxonuu, nfo namoponnoo nosnoucfnuo, hpo-
hnfcfnykmoo ownnou poakuuu usoianun pasnpaxufonou, nwswnakmux
fponoxnocfi (no honkpohnonnwx nooycnonnonnwmu anopcunnwmu qak-
fopamu), hpunonuf k oo cnuxonuk. (IovIs, i8O; StampII & IovIs, i6?).
Iokasafonon cnynau onnoio us nofopanon nounw no iofnamo, cfpanan-
moio of nochomunanuu o fpanmafunockom cowfuu, no npomn kofopoio
on okasancn onuncfnonnwm ocfanmumcn n xunwx us ipyhhw n hnfi nono-
nok. nn ychomnou hcuxofopahuu foio hauuonfa hofpoonanoci nonnfi
coancon of 6O no ?O munyf kaxnwu (IaIrbanI ot aI., i8J).
Hnfoncunnocfi nwswnaomou fponoxnocfu u konunocfno coancon,
nooxonumwx nnn nocfuxonun noconcuunusauuu c homomik I1,
42
moiyf ykaswnafi na noponfnocfi foio, nfo knuonf no honnaofcn hcuxo-
fopahuu, xofn nannwx o cfohonu ofcona fakux knuonfon y nac nof. 1om
no monoo hcuxofopahonfunockoo coomocfno hpononxaof nwckaswnafi
osaononnocfi hpouonypou hponnamoponnoio nwswnanun y knuonfa po-
akuuu, paccnufannwx na nnufoninoo honwmonuo fponoxnocfu (IaIrbanI
& rown, i8?b; IItman ot aI., ii). II hponnaiaof anifopnafun-
nwu honxon k nononuk fpanmafunockux nochomunanuu, no fpoykmuu
hpononxufoninoio nosnoucfnun pasnpaxufonou, nwswnakmux nwcokyk
cfohoni fponoxnocfu, u n fo xo npomn ocymocfnnnkmuu wcfpyk no-
concuunusauuk fpanmafunockoio cowfun.
o mnoiux ofnomonunx II fakxo moxno cnufafi chocoom nos-
noucfnun na knuonfa, fak kak omy hpu fom hponnaiaofcn ynopxunafi n
cosnanuu nochomunanuo o fpanmafunockom cowfuu, nfo u uchonisy-
ofcn nnn nocfuxonun nohocponcfnonnoio hcuxofopahonfunockoio qqok-
fa. Onnako cfohoni fakoio nosnoucfnun hpu II snanufonino moni-
mo, nom fo hpononxufoninoo nnunnuo na knuonfa, kofopoo hponnaia-
ofcn foxnukamu hpnmoio hcuxofopahonfunockoio nosnoucfnun nnn pas-
nufun hpouocca fopmoxonun u hponnnonun hpusnakon cnuxonun fpo-
noxnocfu (IanIoIs ot aI., i2; WIIson, Covs, Iostor, & SIIvor, i5;
WIIson, ocIor, & 1InIor, n honafu). Kpomo foio, n II no hpon-
honaiakfcn hohwfku ycunonun unu honwmonun yponnn fponoxnocfu,
kak hponycmafpunaofcn n foxnukax I1, u umonno fo ofnunuo nonaof
foxnuky II onoo hpuomnomou nnn mnoiux hcuxofopahonfon (II pIo,
i2b).
mocfo c fom, n coofnofcfnuu c yhomnnyfwmu uccnononanunmu, no-
oxonumocfi ohponononnoio nosnoucfnun na fpanmafunockoo cowfuo no
nwswnaof comnonun, panno kak u nooxonumocfi pasoycnonnunanun
accouuuponannoio pasnpaxufonn. Io fum hpununam hpofokonw II
hponycmafpunakf fpoxkomhononfnwu honxon, nahpannonnwu na noc-
fuxonuo xonaomwx usmononuu n honononuu u cocfonmuu us hopopaof-
ku: hopnunnoio cowfun, cymocfnykmoio n nacfonmoo npomn pasnpa-
xufonn u noiafunnou poakuuu na honononuo, hpoouupyomoo n ynymoo.
Xoenumuono-nooe0ennecuuu no0xo0
knknonuo n foxnuky II na cfanuu noconcuunusauuu nokofo-
pwx achokfon koinufunnou hcuxofopahuu ocnonano na coomonunx o
uccnononanuu qqokfunnocfu fakou hcuxofopahuu y xopfn usnacuno-
nanun. Kak usnocfno, xopfnw usnacunonanun cocfannnkf onimyk
nacfi knuonfon c nuainosom hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma, u nmocfo
c nofopanamu noonnwx noucfnuu opasykf onnoponnyk ipyhhy, xopo-
mo honxonnmyk nnn knununockux uccnononanuu qqokfunnocfu hcu-
4J
xofopahuu. ooux cnynanx hcuxofopahun nacfo fpoyof honxonon,
conofakmux n coo pasnunnwo mofonw, n fom nucno oynonuo connana-
kmum ymonunm, koinufunnoo nmomafonicfno, a fakxo foxnuku nos-
noucfnun na cfpocc u hponocfannonuo unqopmauuu, paccounakmou
couuaninwo muqw, oocfpnkmuo u ycununakmuo y xopfn ux noiafun-
nyk camoouonky (Iorman, i8O; KIIpatrIc & Voronon, i8J; Ioarson,
Ioquotto, & Wasdon, i8J; Voronon & KIIpatrIcI, i8J). Ipu fom
uchonisyofcn fpoxcfyhonnafan hpoipamma hpununku hpofun cfpocca,
nknknakman n con opasonafoninyk cfanuk, cfanuk pohofupona-
nun, no npomn kofopou uccnonykfcn hpuomw ponakcauuu u chocow
koinufunnoio nosnoucfnun na cfpocc, u, nakonou, cfanuk nohocpon-
cfnonnoio hpumononun (MoIchonbaum, i??). Hmonno na cfanuu hpu-
mononun moiyf wfi ychomno uchonisonanw foxnuku hpnmoio nosnou-
cfnun (Ioarson ot aI., i8J; KychtarII, SIIvorman, Van IandIngham, &
Iruo, i84; WoIII, i??).
Xofn snoci ocoonno cunino nwnonon umonno koinufunnwu achokf
hcuxofopahonfunockoio hpouocca, usynonuo nufopafypw hokaswnaof,
nfo foxnuku nosnoucfnun sanacfyk uchonisykfcn n nucno npyiux fopa-
honfunockux mofonon unu xo kak ocnonnou komhononf fux mofonon
hcuxofopahuu (IaIrbanI & rown, i8?a). Cucfomafunockan noconcu-
unusauun, nknknakman n con conofanuo nosuponannoio nosnoucfnun
nnn cnuxonun yponnn fponoxnocfu u ponakcauuu (WoIpo, i858), yc-
homno uchonisonanaci n paofo c xopfnamu usnacunonanun, koina hcu-
xofopahonfunockuu hpouocc wn cocponofonon na ncox qakfopax n ok-
pyxonuu knuonfa, nahomunakmux omy o usnacunonanuu, a fakxo na
nosnukakmux y knuonfa nyncfnax cfpaxa u fponoxnocfu. 1oxnuka no-
concuunusauuu ychomno hpumonnnaci n pasnunnwx cnynanx nnn ocna-
nonun cfpaxa, fponoxnocfu u nohpoccuu u nnn ynonunonun cfohonu
couuaninou anahfuponannocfu (IranI ot aI., i88; IranI & Stowart,
i8Ja, i8Jb; Ioarson ot aI, i8J; 1urnor, i?; WoIII, i??).
Xofn noconcuunusauun fpanmafunockux qakfopon hponnuna con kak
nhonno qqokfunnan, hcuxofopahonfunockoo coomocfno nco xo osa-
onono uchonisonanuom hpnmoio hcuxofopahonfunockoio nosnoucfnun
hpu paofo c xopfnamu usnacunonanun ho hpununo ochonosnocfu kon-
kpofnoio opamonun k uppauuonaninwm hponcfannonunm u nonosmox-
nocfu oochononun anifopnafunnwx cfpafoiuu connananun c cufyauu-
ou, a fakxo us-sa noponfnocfu nwcokoio yponnn ofcona knuonfon,
cnnsannoio c hpononxufoninou nwcokou fponoxnocfik, nosnukakmou
hpu uchonisonanuu hpnmoio hcuxofopahonfunockoio nosnoucfnun
(KIIpatrIcI ot aI., i82; KIIpatrIc & ost, i84). Hocmofpn na fo, nfo
fu momonfw hocfonnno ochapunakfcn (KychtarIc ot aI,. i84), konu-
nocfno coomonuu n nufopafypo o hpumononuu hpnmoio hcuxofopahon-
funockoio nosnoucfnun hpu paofo c xopfnamu usnacunonanun ocfaof-
44
cn nnno nonocfafonnwm (StoIotoo & Ioa, i8?), nosmoxno, umonno
ho hpununo snanufoninoio yponnn fponoxnocfu, cnnsannoio c fakum
chocoom hcuxofopahuu.
1ak xo kak n cnynanx nononun hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma, nws-
nannoio ynacfuom n oonwx noucfnunx, n nufopafypo umokfcn numi
chopanunockuo coomonun o kchopumonfaninwx uccnononanunx,
hocnnmonnwx hocffpanmafunockomy cunnpomy, cnnsannomy co cnyna-
nmu usnacunonanun (Ioa ot aI., ii; KosIcI & SchnIcIo, i2), n oc-
nonnom nono oipanununaofcn ananusom ofnoninwx cnynaon. pyian fpyn-
nocfi, kofopyk moxno cqopmynuponafi na ocnono nannwx, hpunonumwx
n nufopafypo u nahpannonnwx na ouonunanuo qqokfunnocfu hcuxofo-
pahonfunockux hpouonyp c knuonfamu fakoio fuha, cnnsana c fom, nfo
hcuxofopahun wna nanafa n hopnwo fpu mocnua hocno fpanmafunocko-
io cowfun. Ha hpofnxonuu foio npomonu ownno hpoucxonuno chon-
fannoo usannonuo of cumhfomon hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma
(IaIrbanI & rown, i8?b; KIIpatrIcI & CaIhoun, i88).
Xapakfopnwmu cumhfomamu, honfopnkmumucn n cnynao fpanmw
usnacunonanun, nnnnkfcn honani, hopoxonnman n nyncfno yfpafw; nuc-
komqopf, hopoxonnmuu n nyncfno cocfnonnou ynsnumocfu; cfpax ho-
pon nonwm nahanonuom u nyncfno nunw, cnnsannoo c ofnofcfnonnoc-
fik sa hpoucmonmoo u nooxonumocfik kak-fo pasopaficn no ncom fom
(KrupnIc & HorowItz, i8i). Ocooo nnumanuo nooxonumo opafufi
na fpu ocnonnwx yoxnonun unu hponhonoxonun, kofopwo paspyma-
nuci, koina unnunun okaswnancn n ponu xopfnw: unon cocfnonnou
noynsnumocfu, nochpunfuo mupa kak noio-fo snanumoio u hosufunnwu
opas con (1anoII-uIman, i85). Hccnononanun, hpononunmuocn c
xopfnamu usnacunonanun, hokasanu, nfo koinufunnan fopahun qqok-
funno cnuxaof nyncfno cfpaxa, nohpoccuu u fponoxnocfu (IranI,
1urnor, & IuIIy, i?; IranI & Stowart, i8Jb; KosIcI, 1ordan, GIroIII,
Huttor, & MarhooIor-IvoraI, i88; 1urnor & IranI, i8i). onnom
us uccnononanuu (IranI ot aI., i88) koinufunnan hcuxofopahun cpan-
nunaofcn c noconcuunusauuou; hpu fom ofmonakfcn pannouonnwo
hcuxofopahonfunockuo qqokfw. Onnako ofcyfcfnuo anoknafnwx kon-
fponinwx ipyhh nanaiaof oipanunonun n ofnomonuu nwnonon o qqok-
funnocfu koinufunnou hcuxofopahuu.
Mnmeepumuonmu no0xo0
Mnoiuo anfopw honaiakf, nfo hpu nononuu hocffpanmafunockoio
cunnpoma nooxonumw ohponononnwo qopmw ocosnananun fpanmafunoc-
kux hopoxunanuu, nfow hponofnpafufi poakuuu usoianun u oocho-
nufi noconcuunusauuk (cm. IaIrbanI & rown, i8?a; IaIrbanI &
45
^IchoIson, i8?). Onnako, kak yxo ofmonanoci nwmo, conofanuo koi-
nufunnoio honxona c hpnmwm hcuxofopahonfunockum nosnoucfnuom
(I1) moxof wfi onoo qqokfunnwm, nom hpumononuo foniko numi
onnoio I1, n ocoonnocfu n cnynao nononuu qouu (cm. Kachman,
i?8). Ha ocnono fux hynukauuu moxno cnonafi nwnon o cymocfno-
nanuu snanufoninoio cxoncfna moxny nononuom qouu u hocffpanma-
funockoio cunnpoma (IaIrbanI & rown, i8?a; Kuch, i8?). cnofo
fux nanknonuu II wna paspaofana kak foxnuka, ocoonno ho-
moiakman n unfoipauuu nonwx, xonaomwx qopm nwckaswnanun, ofno-
cnmuxcn k coo (H-nwckaswnanun) u n fo xo npomn chococfnykman
wcfpou noconcuunusauuu fpanmafunockux accouuauuu. fou ha-
panuimo koinufunnan hopoouonka cowfun, nochpunumanmoiocn kak
fpanmafunockoo, nknknaof n con naxoxnonuo nonoio snanonun cow-
fun c ymonimonuom noanoknafnoio nyncfna cocfnonnou nunw (1anoII-
uIman, i85), nfo nnnnofcn naxnwm achokfom II-hcuxofopahuu
hpu nononuu fpanm. nonannom uccnononanuu, koina knuonfw hon-
nopianuci nosnoucfnuk nnoni nwswnaomwx fpanmafunockux nochomuna-
nuu c onnonpomonnou poiucfpauuou qusuonoiunockux usmononuu
(WIIson ot aI., i5), ofmonaofcn, nfo noconcuunusauun (u koinufun-
noo hopocfpykfypuponanuo), nanknaomwo hpu uchonisonanuu II,
moiyf nwswnaficn ocfocfnonnwmu moxanusmamu poakuuu ponakcauuu.
1akan poakuun conmomaof inyokyk ponakcauuk c fponoxnocfik (nw-
swnan hpu fom hopooycnonnunanuo) fakum chocoom, kofopwu ho-
noon cucfomafunockou noconcuunusauuu, no nnnnofcn onoo wcfpwm
u nwswnaof monoo hpononxufoninwu nucfpocc, nom hpu uchonisona-
nuu hpnmoio hcuxofopahonfunockoio nosnoucfnun. C II fakxo cnn-
san wcfpwu choco unfoipauuu knuonfom nonou unqopmauuu, ymo-
nun chpannnficn co cnoum nonyiom u qopm honononun, hponnaiaomwx
hcuxofopahonfom.
nnxcnnu rnai
Knununockuo nanknonun hokasanu, nfo hononwu hpouocc hopo-
paofku moxof hpoucxonufi hpu uchonisonanuu no foniko nnuxonuu
inas, kak n cnynao II, no u c homomik npyiux nnomnux pasnpa-
xufonou, fakux kak hocfykunanuo ho nanonu hauuonfa, nchwmku cno-
fa unu cnyxonwo pasnpaxufonu (ShapIro, iJ). Hanunan c iO iona
mw uncfpykfupyom hcuxofopahonfon, hpoxonnmux oynonuo foxnuko
II, nfo onu moiyf uchonisonafi hocfykunanuo ho nanonu unu cny-
xonwo pasnpaxufonu kak anifopnafuny nahpannnomwm nnuxonunm inas.
osmoxno, naninoumuo uccnononanun hokaxyf, nfo nnuxonun inas
umokf houcfuno ynukaninwu cfafyc kak cfumyn, nnnnkmuucn onno-
46
npomonno kak nnyfponnum, fak u spumwm qusuonoiunockum hponnno-
nuom nokofopwx nunon koinufunnou hopopaofku. Kpomo chonfanno
nosnukakmux wcfpwx nnuxonuu inas, nosnoucfnuo kofopwx na oc-
hokonmuo mwcnu n nanknana hpu ofkpwfuu II (ShapIro, i8a),
cymocfnykf fakxo nohpousnoninwo pufmunockuo nnuxonun inas, na-
swnaomwo nucfaimom, kofopwo ofmonanuci no npomn hcuxofopahuu hpu
konuonfpauuu hauuonfamu nnumanun (1oItoIbaum, i54), hponcfannn-
kmuo coou nainnnnoo nsaumoofnomonuo moxny nnuxonunmu inas,
nnumanuom u cocfonnuom fponoxnocfu (Iay, i64). cfi fakxo coo-
monun o cnnsu moxny nnuxonunmu inas u paspomonuom hponom
(Amadoo & Shagass, i6J; Antrobus & SIngor, i64). Kpomo foio, cy-
mocfnykf mupokomacmfanwo uccnononanun nsaumocnnsu nnuxonuu
inas c koinufunnwmu hpouoccamu u c qynkuuonuponanuom kopw mos-
ia (GaIo & 1ohnson, i82; IoIght & Zoo, i8J; Monty, IIshor & Sondors,
i?8; Monty & Sondors, i?6; KIngo, SobotIa, IIItz, & ruco, i4).
Xofn hopnonananino foxnuka II no umona hon coou nukakou
foopofunockou ocnonw, n naninoumom honnunaci nosmoxnocfi ycfano-
nufi cnnsi moxny qqokfamu II u fakumu xo qqokfamu hpu cfa-
nuu cna, cohponoxnakmoucn wcfpwmu nnuxonunmu inas (bI)
(^oIIson, ii; ShapIro, i8a, i8b). Ofa cfanun cna honynuna na-
snanuo bI-cna of hpoucxonnmux n fo npomn wcfpwx nnuxonuu
inas. Cyokf, pasyxonnwu n fou qaso cna, ownno coomaof o fom,
nfo y noio n fo npomn hpoucxonnf cnonunonun (AsorInsIy & KIoItman,
i5J). Inn uccnononafonou ofmonakf, nfo na cfanuu cna c wcfpwmu
nnuxonunmu inas hpoucxonuf hopopaofka unqopmauuu, n fom nucno
mouuonaninou, cnnsannou co cfpoccamu u hponomamu nwxunanun
(GaboI, i8?; Groonborg, Katz, Scwartz, & IoarIman, i2; WInson,
iO, iJ). okasafonicfnom fomy moxof cnyxufi fof qakf, nfo
hauuonfw c hocffpanmafunockum cunnpomom hwfakfcn n onimou mopo
uchonisonafi qasy bI-cna, nom fo ownno nonakf nopmaninwo
cyokfw (Koss ot aI., i4).
Hanknonun, ykaswnakmuo na fo, nfo unwo pasnpaxufonu, fakuo
kak pufmunockuo xnohku nanonnmu unu namoponnan qukcauun nsinn-
na, moiyf hpunonufi k akfunuponanuk hponhonaiaomoio moxanusma
hopopaofku unqopmauuu, nu n koou mopo no honpwnakf iuhofosy
II/bI. Ionnfno, nfo fono no npomn cna no chocono usnanafi
cnyxonwo pasnpaxufonu, fak xo kak no chocono na npyiuo qopmw
cocponofononnoio nnumanun, u n onpcfnykmom cocfonnuu y hcuxo-
fopahonfa ocfi onimo nosmoxnocfou nnn akfunusauuu fakou hopopa-
ofku unqopmauuu. bonoo foio, nosanucumwo uccnononanun honono-
nun no npomn cna hpunonu k posynifafam, honnopxunakmum iuhofosy
II/bI. fo npomn kak n onoo pannux uccnononanunx hponhona-
ianoci, nfo bI-haffopnw moiyf wfi cnnsanw co ckanuponanuom cuonw
4?
cnonunonun, nonannuo uccnononanun (Hong, GIIIIn, CaIIaghan, &
IotIIn, i2) ofmonakf, nfo konunocfno bI cnnsano c unfoncunno-
cfik mouuonaninoio cocfonnun. Kpomo foio, cnnsi moxny bI (u,
cnononafonino, nnuxonunmu inas) u koinufunnwmu hpouoccamu hon-
fnopxnaofcn pnnom uccnononanuu (KarnI, 1anno, KubonstoIn, AsIonasI,
& SagI, i2; MandaI, GuorrIon, SocIooI, Iu}ardIn, & Ioconto, i8;
1IIIy & mpson, i?8), hokaswnakmux cnnsi moxny oynonuom nono-
my mafopuany u nohpopwnnwmu bI. 1ak, nahpumop, ocnu cyokf
oynaofcn kakum-fo nonwm nnn con ymonunm, onu no moiyf wfi xo-
pomo ycnoonw n fom cnynao, ocnu bI-con hpopnan. nohonnonuo k
moum onoo pannum hponhonoxonunm (ShapIro, i8a, i8b) o fom,
nfo nnuxonun inas moiyf okaswnafi fopmosnmoo noucfnuo na cfpocc (u,
naoopof, cunino nwpaxonnwu cfpocc moxof fopmosufi nnuxonun
inas), fa unon honnopxunaofcn nwnonamu npyiux uccnononafonou o fom,
nfo napymonnwu bI-con nnnnofcn ocnonnwm hpusnakom hocffpanma-
funockoio cunnpoma (Koss ot aI., iO). 1ak, nmocfo honnoio hpoxox-
nonun no npomn cna nopos fpanmafunockuu ohwf, cnnsannwu c ynacfu-
om n oonwx noucfnunx, nofopanw nounw no iofnamo, cfpanakmuo
hocffpanmafunockum cunnpomom, ownno hpoyxnakfcn no npomn ono-
ponnoio nonnoio kommapa.
osmoxno, nnuxonun inas, nosnukakmuo no npomn bI-cna, nn-
nnkfcn hpusnakom cohyfcfnykmux um koinufunnwx hpouoccon, a no ux
hpununou. H naoopof, hpousnonino nwswnaomwo nnuxonun inas mo-
iyf cfumynuponafi cnnsannwo c numu qynkuuu kopw iononnoio mos-
ia, hpunonn fakum opasom opafno k koinufunnwmu hpouoccam. On-
nako naxno honnfi, nfo iuhofosa II/bI nnnnofcn numi hponho-
noxonuom u noonsafonino nonxna coofnocuficn c nanknaomwmu
hcuxofopahonfunockumu posynifafamu.
Cnuxnuc1t vc1ua
Ohponononnan chopnocfi u cohpofunnonuo n nochpunfuu knununoc-
kux coomonuu o qqokfunnocfu II moiyf wfi cnnsanw c omu-
onnou fonkou sponun, nfo fa qopma hcuxofopahuu nnnnofcn numi
yhpomonnou foxnukou honononnockoio honxona. Onnako, kak honpono
paccmafpunaofcn n nannou knuio, II conopxuf mnoio npyiux kom-
hononfon homumo nnuxonuu inas. noucfnufoninocfu fo nocfafon-
no cnoxnoo hcuxofopahonfunockoo nosnoucfnuo na nco achokfw hamnfu
u nucqynkuuonaninocfu, hpunonnmoo k ionopanusauuu hosufunnwx
qqokfon. Kaxnwu coanc II-hcuxofopahuu nknknaof n con pao-
fy c ofpuuafoninwm u honoxufoninwm camohponcfannonuom, comafu-
nockum hponnnonunmu, hponomamu camokonfponn u camoynaxonun,
48
a fakxo mnoioo npyioo. Komhononfw foxnuku II nohnomonw n
knununockom honxono, n ohponononuu ipanuu ynacfun knuonfa n hpo-
uocco, n hpofokonax hpouonyp u n camux hpouonypax. Kak ynof hoka-
sano n inano i2, cocponofononuo uccnononanuu foniko numi na nahpan-
nnomwx nnuxonunx inas nnnnofcn yhpomonuom foxnuku II u oo
ponyuuponanuom.
akfunocku naxo os uchonisonanun nnuxonuu inas foxnuka II
hokasana con qqokfunnwm u xopomo cfpykfypuponannwm honxonom,
hpunocnmum nnnyk hcuxofopahonfunockyk honisy. axno honnfi, nfo
II hponcfannnof coou cnoxnyk mofononoiuk, n kofopou naxnw
nco komhononfw (uchonisonanuo noiafunnwx u hosufunnwx hponcfan-
nonuu, mkanw cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna u mkanw coofnof-
cfnun hponcfannonuu, u f.h.), fak xo kak nocomi qas hcuxofopahuu.
Xofn nocomnonnan qqokfunnocfi nnuxonuu inas cfana naxnwm nkna-
nom n pasnufuo II, kaxnwu us komhononfon fou foxnuku pasnu-
nancn u offanunancn na hpofnxonuu ohponononnoio npomonu nnn noc-
fuxonun makcumaninou hcuxofopahonfunockou qqokfunnocfu.
Icuxofopahonfw, hwfakmuocn uchonisonafi yhpomonnwo nopcuu fou
foxnuku unu hpumonnfi oo os coofnofcfnykmoio pykononcfna, okasw-
nakf fum hnoxyk ycnyiy u II, u knuonfam, kofopwo sanucnf of
nac u nyxnakfcn n knanuquuuponannou homomu. 1o xo camwo hpono-
cfopoxonun ofnocnfcn k uccnononafonnm.
H1urn n nunuu
osnuknononuo foxnuku II, hopnonananino nocunmou nasnanuo
I, wno cnnsano c moum nanknonuom noconcuunusupykmoio nos-
noucfnun chonfanno honfopnkmuxcn nnuxonuu inas na nohpunfnwo
mwcnu. Hchonisonanuo nahpannnomwx nnuxonuu inas n ipyhho us comu
nopononiuon c xanoamu nohafonoiunockoio xapakfopa hokasano q-
qokfunnocfi foxnuku II n cnuxonuu fponoxnocfu. naninoumom
hpouonypa wna yconopmoncfnonana u qqokfunno uchonisonanaci n
knununockou hpakfuko. Okchopumonfaninoo uccnononanuo, posynifa-
fw kofopoio wnu ohynukonanw n 2ypnano fpanmafunockoio cfpoc-
ca n i8 iony, hpononunmoocn n ipyhho us 22 cyokfon, cfpanak-
mux of cumhfomon hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma, hosnonuno ofmo-
fufi, nfo hpouonypa II wna nocima honosnou nnn noconcuunusa-
uuu, koinufunnoio hopocfpykfypuponanun u ycfpanonun nwpaxonnoio
nfopxonun fpanmafunockux nochomunanuu.
Koina cfano ononunno, nfo hpouonypa cnnsana no foniko c fopahon-
funockum qqokfom onnou numi noconcuunusauuu, a sanoucfnyof
moxanusm hopopaofku unqopmauuu, nasnanuo foxnuku wno usmono-
no c I na II. Hnfoipafunnan mononi yckoponnou hopopaofku
unqopmauuu nonana yhop na umokmyk qusuonoiunockyk ocnony mo-
fononoiuk, cfumynupykmyk hponhonaiaomyk choconocfi k camouc-
uononuk, oochonunaomyk npoxnonnou unqopmauuonno-hopopaafw-
nakmou cucfomou. Iannuo nochomunanun moxno cnufafi hopnunnou
ocnonou mnoiux cymocfnykmux n nacfonmoo npomn hafonoiuu, u q-
qokf II moxno nanknafi n wcfpom ycfpanonuu nosnoucfnun fux
nochomunanuu u usmononuu knununockou kapfunw.
5O
2. YCKOHHAR HA6OTKA
HH4OMAUHH. A6OHAR HHOT3A
MOH HOUCCA
cnu sakonw mafomafuku coofnocnfcn c
poaninocfik, onu no fonnw; ocnu onu fonnw,
onu no coofnocnfcn c poaninocfik.
A:iepm :unmmeun
nannou inano n ohumy cnok mononi yckoponnou hopopaofku
unqopmauuu, nfo homoxof yncnufi, kak umonno paofaof foxnuka
II.
paimonf cfonoipammw poaninoio hcuxofopahonfunockoio coanca
hocnyxuf unnkcfpauuou nokofopwx cymocfnonnwx momonfon mononu.
Kpomo foio, n nannou inano conopxufcn osop fuhon hcuxohafonoiuu,
a fakxo pasnoopasnwx qopm knununockoio hpumononun foxnuku II
u oncnonuo oo unfoipafunnou hpuponw.
inano honpono ocnomaofcn mononi hpouocca hopopaofku unqop-
mauuu, oncnnkman uchonisonanuo foxnuku II, onnako naxno
honnfi, nfo :mu +o0e:i npe0:ueuemcn mo:iio iui puouun eunome:u,
kofopan moxof wfi usmonona na ocnono ynymux knununockux u na-
opafopnwx nanknonuu. Xofn nama mononi u hpumonuma n knununoc-
kou hpakfuko, ona uchonisyof fopmunonoiuk noupoqusuonoiunockou
hopopaofku unqopmauuu, nnononnyk boypom (owor, i8i) u n-
iom (Iang, i?). Kpomo foio, n uchonisyk snoci hcuxoqusuonoiu-
nockuo honnfun, yhofponnn fakuo fopmunw, kak neupoqu:uo:oeuuec-
iue cemu unu noupocofu. Cnonoconofanuo noupoqusuonoiunockuo
cofu ykaswnaof na fo snanonuo, n kofopom fopmun neupocemu uchoni-
syofcn n nacfonmoo npomn noupohcuxonoiamu u nohonnufonino pacmu-
pnof conopxanuo foio fopmuna no yponnn koinufunno-mouuonaninou
hopopaofku unqopmauuu. Hchonisonanuo fopmuna, no umokmoio, n
cymnocfu, fonnou noupoqusuonoiunockou kopponnuuu, honnopkuna-
of: qakfunockan qqokfunnocfi II ocnonana ofnkni no na fom,
Houpocofu (nouro notworIs) chouuqunockuu fopmun anfopa, ofnocnmuucn,
cynn ho ncomy, k hpunnfomy n pycckonswnnou nufopafypo fopmuny nouponnwo
cofu. 1pu+. nepeoo0uuiu.
5i
ucfunna hponnaiaoman namu mononi unu nof. Mw nonxnw homnufi,
nfo qusuonoiun mosia hoka omo usynona nonocfafonno, nnn foio nfo-
w na fom ocnonanuu cynufi o anoknafnocfu hponnaiaomou mononu.
Onnako fa mononi wna paspaofana nonco no nnn foio, nfow hpofu-
noponufi fomy, nfo cnufaofcn ucfunnwm. o uoni oncnufi nank-
naomwu hcuxofopahonfunockuu qqokf II u hocnyxufi cnooio pona
knununockou kapfou hpu nononuu mupokoio nuahasona hafonoiuu.
Hcpcpau1ka nngupvaunn
Xofn II nnnnofcn konkpofnou hcuxofopahonfunockou foxnukou,
unon yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu (ShapIro, iJ, i4c)
hponcfannnof omyk foopofunockyk mononi, n coofnofcfnuu c hpun-
uuhamu kofopou noucfnyof fa foxnuka. Conokyhnocfi hcuxofopahon-
funockux honxonon, cnnsannwx c yckoponnou hopopaofkou unqopma-
uuu, nknknaof n con II kak onny us fakux foxnuk, conofakmyk
hpunuuhw, hpouonypw u hpofokonw, hpumonumwo nnn onimoio ko-
nunocfna pasnunnwx hafonoiuu. pamkax hcuxofopahonfunockoio hon-
xona, cnnsannoio c unoou yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu, mo-
iyf wfi cosnanw u npyiuo foxnuku co cnoumu cocfnonnwmu hpofoko-
namu u hpouonypamu. Hsnocfnw, nahpumop, nokofopwo qopmw nok-
fpunockou cfumynnuuu (SchmItt, Capo, & oyd, i86) u foxnuka qo-
fonosyxnonun (Ochs, iJ), kofopan naof nohnoxuo posynifafw.
Mononi yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu nhonno coinacyofcn
c pannumu ofkpwfunmu 3. pouna (ii/i55), a fakxo H. Iannona
(i2?), ofnocnmumucn k fom hpouoccam, kofopwo coionnn naswnakf
hopopaofkou unqopmauuu. Hmoofcn n nuny nokuu nouponoiunockuu
ananc n ofnoninou qusuonoiunockuu cucfomo, oochonunakmuu ho-
popaofky unqopmauuu no nocfuxonun anahfunnoio honoxufoninoio
paspomonun. Ion anahfunnwm honoxufoninwm paspomonuom n honu-
mak nosnuknononuo anoknafnwx accouuafunnwx cnnsou u koncfpykfun-
noo uchonisonanuo unnununom hpuopofonnoio ohwfa c hocnonykmum
unfoipuponanuom oio n honoxufoninwo mouuonaninwo u koinufunnwo
cxomw. cymnocfu, hamnfik ycnaunaofcn u coxpannofcn na qono anok-
nafnwx mouuu numi fo, nfo honosno u nfo okaxofcn hpuionnwm nnn
uchonisonanun n ynymom. anaufo hponhonoxum, nfo c namu hpo-
usomno nfo-fo nohpunfnoo nahpumop, nosnukna kakan-fo ynusufoni-
nan cufyauun na paofo u mw oochokoonw fum. Mw nymaom o hpo-
ucmonmom, ionopum o fom, nam fo cnufcn. Chycfn nokofopoo npomn
ochokoucfno cnuxaofcn, u nam ohwf moxof wfi uchonisonan anok-
nafnwm opasom kak unqopmauun, nahpannnkman ynymuo noucfnun.
1ak mw ysnaom nonfo o coo camux u npyiux nknnx, nanunaom nynmo
52
honumafi hpoucxonunmoo u hpuopofaom nosmoxnocfi onoo qqokfun-
no chpannnficn c hononwmu cufyauunmu n ynymom.
Koina nononok uchwfwnaof hcuxonoiunockyk fpanmy, fo hponnnn-
ofcn n qopmo napymonun pannonocun n nopnnou cucfomo, nfo nwswna-
ofcn, noponfno, usmononunmu n omono noupomonuafopon, n conopxa-
nuu anponanuna u f.h. Io hpununo fakoio napymonun pannonocun
nopnnan cucfoma yfpanunaof choconocfi ohfumaninoio qynkuuonupo-
nanun, a unqopmauun, honynaoman n momonf cowfun, nknknakman
opasw, snyku, aqqokfw u qusunockuo omymonun, coxpannofcn n
nopnnou cucfomo n uckaxonnom cocfonnuu. Iopnonananinwu mafopu-
an, nakahnunaomwu n fakou nucfpocconou, oycnonnonnou cocfonnu-
om nosyxnonun qopmo, moxof akfunusuponaficn hon nosnoucfnuom
pasnunnwx nnomnux u nnyfponnux pasnpaxufonou u hponnnnficn n qopmo
nonnwx kommapon, fniocfnwx nochomunanuu u nannsnunwx mwcnou
f.o. cumhfomon hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma.
Hama iuhofosa cocfouf n fom, nfo nnuxonun inas (unu npyiuo ani-
fopnafunnwo pasnpaxufonu), uchonisyomwo hpu II, sahyckakf
hcuxonoiunockuu hpouocc, akfunusupykmuu unqopmauuonno-hopopa-
afwnakmyk cucfomy. Moxno hponhonoxufi cymocfnonanuo pasnun-
nwx moxanusmon, c homomik kofopwx hpoucxonuf fakan akfunauun u
cfumynuponanuo hpouocca hopopaofku, nahpumop:
i) akfunusauun u cfumynuponanuo hpouocca hopopaofku unqopma-
uuu hpu nnounou qokycuponko nnumanun knuonfa, koina on ynonnof
nnumanuo onnonpomonno kak akfyaninomy pasnpaxufonk, fak u hpo-
mnou fpanmo;
2) nuqqoponuuaninwu qqokf nouponnoio nspwna, nwswnaomwu
pasnunnwmu pasnpaxufonnmu, kofopwo moxno paccmafpunafi kak ana-
noiu nokfpunockoio foka nuskoio nahpnxonun, nohocponcfnonno nos-
noucfnykmumu na cunahfunockuo hofonuuanw (arrIonuovo, SchottIor,
& Iynch, i8O; Iarson & Iynch, i8);
J) pasoycnonnunanuo, nwswnaomoo poakuuou ponakcauuu (ShapIro,
i8a, i8b; WIIson ot aI., i5).
o npomn hpouonypw II, koina knuonfy hponnaiaofcn nwsnafi
fpanmafunockoo nochomunanuo, mw ycfanannunaom cnnsi moxny cosna-
nuom u ynacfkom mosia, n kofopom xpanufcn unqopmauun o fpanmo.
nuxonun inas (nuo npyiuo anifopnafunnwo pasnpaxufonu) akfunu-
pykf unqopmauuonno-hopopaafwnakmyk cucfomy u noccfanannunakf
oo pannonocuo. C kaxnou nonou copuou nnuxonuu inas fpanmafunockan
unqopmauun hopomomaofcn hpunom, yckoponnwm opasom nani-
mo ho coofnofcfnykmum noupoqusuonoiunockum hyfnm, hoka no noc-
fuiaofcn honoxufoninoo paspomonuo fou unqopmauuu. 1ak, nahpu-
mop, fo honoxufoninoo paspomonuo moxof nosnuknyfi, koina
fpanmafunockan unqopmauun, xpanunmancn hpoxno usonuponanno,
5J
ncfyhaof n cohpukocnononuo c nonanno hpuopofonnou anahfunnou
unqopmauuou (fuha yfnopxnonun H no nunonafa, nfo mou ofou usna-
cunonan monn). Onno us knknonwx hponhonoxonuu n II cocfouf
n fom, nfo akfunauun hopopaofku fpanmafunockux nochomunanuu y-
nof ocfocfnonnwm opasom nahpannnfi fu nochomunanun k anahfunnou
unqopmauuu, nooxonumou nnn honoxufoninoio paspomonun.
Mononu yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu cnoucfnonna unon o
hcuxonoiunockom camoucuononuu. Ofa unon ocnonana na ananoiuu c
camoucuonnkmou poakuuou fona hpu qusunockou fpanmo. 1ak, nahpu-
mop, ocnu nw hopoxofo coo pyky, fo cunw opianusma ynyf nahpanno-
na na fo, nfow pana saxuna. cnu nonfo hpohnfcfnyof fakomy ucuo-
nonuk kakou-nuo nnomnuu ookf unu honfopnan fpanma, pana
nanunaof inouficn u nwswnaof oni. cnu ycfpanufi hpohnfcfnuo,
ucuononuo ynof sanopmono. Iononan hocnononafoninocfi cowfuu,
cynn ho ncomy, cnoucfnonna u hcuxunockum hpouoccam. cfocfnonnan
fonnonuun unqopmauuonno-hopopaafwnakmou cucfomw mosia cocfo-
uf n nnuxonuu k cocfonnuk nymonnoio snoponin. Onnako ocnu fa
cucfoma sanokuponana unu xo oo pannonocuo napymaofcn hon nnunnu-
om fpanmw, moxno nanknafi nosanahfunnwo poakuuu. Iononwo po-
akuuu moiyf nwswnaficn nuo kakumu-fo akfyaninwmu pasnpaxufonn-
mu, nuo hohwfkamu unqopmauuonno-hopopaafwnakmoio moxanusma
nocfuni honoxufoninoio paspomonun fpanmafunockoio mafopuana. Ha-
hpumop, xopfna usnacunonanun moxof hpononxafi anfomafunocku o-
pamaficn k cuono usnacunonanun n cnoux hohwfkax nocfuni honoxufoni-
noio paspomonun u sanopmufi hpouocc hopopaofku unqopmauuu
(HorowItz, i?). cnu sanokuponannocfi cucfomw ycfpannofcn, ho-
popaofka unqopmauuu nosononnnofcn, hpunonn fpanmafunockyk un-
qopmauuk k cocfonnuk honoxufoninoio paspomonun u qynkuuonani-
nou unfoipauuu. 1akoo paspomonuo hponnnnofcn n nuno usmononuu n
opasax, n aqqokfo u camohponcfannonuu, cnnsannwx y knuonfa c fpan-
mafunockum cowfuom. Ionopn mofaqopunocku, mw moxom paccmaf-
punafi moxanusm hopopaofku kak hpouocc cnooio pona hoponapuna-
nun, unu mofaonusma, unqopmauuu, nfow ona moina wfi
uchonisonana nnn ucuononun u ynynmonun kanocfna xusnu knuonfa.
H hponhonaiak, nfo unqopmauuonno-hopopaafwnakman cucfoma
cfanonufcn anahfunnou, koina hopoxunmuo fpanmy hauuonfw c noiafun-
nwm camohponcfannonuom n ofnomonuu fpanmafunockoio cowfun u oio
hocnoncfnuu nanunakf honnopiaficn nosnoucfnuk II-hcuxofopahuu
u hpoucxonuf akfunauun cucfomw, a knuonfw noccfanannunakf nyncfno
cocfnonnoio nocfouncfna. Ipofunohonoxnoio xona cowfuu mno no
hpuxonunoci nanknafi nu pasy. 1akum opasom, moxno cnufafi, nfo
II-hcuxofopahun chococfnyof yckoponnomy nocfuxonuk knuonfom
snoponin (hosufunnwx mouuu u honwmonnoio camoynaxonun) u oc-
54
nooxnonuk of nucqynkuuonaninocfu (noanoknafnoio nyncfna nunw u
ofnpamonun k coo). Iponcfannonuo o akfunauuu anahfunnoio unqop-
mauuonno-hopopaafwnakmoio moxanusma nnnnofcn uonfpaninwm n
II-hcuxofopahuu u hpunuuhuanino naxno n hpumononuu fou fox-
nuku k pasnoopasnwm hcuxunockum paccfpoucfnam.
4aomepnumuonme cmumyam
Kak yxo ofmonanoci, homumo nnuxonuu inas cymocfnykf u npyiuo
cfumynw, choconwo akfunuponafi unqopmauuonno-hopopaafwnak-
myk cucfomy. 1ak, nahpumop, hocfykunanuo knuonfa ho nanonu unu
honfopnkmuocn snykonwo pasnpaxufonu, namokakmuo na fpanmafunoc-
kyk cufyauuk, fakxo moiyf wfi nocima noucfnonnwmu (ShapIro,
i4b). Xofn omo no nhonno ncno, nnnnkfcn nu fakuo pasnpaxufonu
cfoni xo qqokfunnwmu, kak u nnuxonun inas, nosmoxnocfi ux uc-
honisonanun no cfouf ucknknafi, fak kak yxo yhomunanmancn iuho-
fosa nnounou qokycuponku nnumanun, wfi moxof, nnnnofcn nauo-
noo honxonnmum u hpumonumwm na hpakfuko oncnonuom qqokfa
II. nacfnocfu, moxanusm hopopaofku unqopmauuu moxof ak-
funuponaficn akfom konuonfpauuu na nooxonumocfu hpononxafi nnu-
xonun inas (nuo cocponofononuom nnumanun na hocfykunanuu ho na-
nonu unu na snykax, namokakmux na fpanmafunockuo nochomunanun),
f.o. camum qakfom cocponofononun nnumanun na pasnpaxufono. Onno-
npomonnoo cocponofononuo na fpanmafunockux nochomunanunx moxof
honyxnafi akfunuponannyk cucfomy k hopopaofko nakohnonnoio nuc-
qynkuuonaninoio mafopuana. C npyiou cfoponw, ocnu nopnno-nokf-
punockan cfumynnuun, nwswnaoman nnuxonunmu inas, akfunupyof un-
qopmauuonno-hopopaafwnakmyk cucfomy, fo moxno paccnufwnafi na
fo, nfo u npyiuo pufmunockuo nnuxonun unu unwo qopmw honfopnk-
moucn cfumynnuuu moiyf umofi fakou xo qqokf.
Hsnocfnw qakfw, koina hcuxofopahonfw nounanuci honoxufoni-
nwx posynifafon nononun hpu uchonisonanuu n nokofopwx cnynanx no
nnuxonuu inas, a unwx, anifopnafunnwx pasnpaxufonou. Ofu anifop-
nafunnwo pasnpaxufonu mw ohumom onoo honpono n inano J, a po-
synifafw ux uccnononanun paccmofpum n inano i2.
Hosanucumo of foio, kakum n noucfnufoninocfu nnnnofcn moxanusm,
cosnakmuu qqokf II, umonno akfunauun unqopmauuonno-hopo-
paafwnakmou cucfomw hpunonuf k nocfuxonuk hcuxofopahonfunoc-
koio qqokfa. Iofomy, xofn nwpaxonuo cepuu 0ouenuu e:u: noo-
nnokpafno uchonisyofcn n fou knuio, c fakum xo ychoxom moxno wno
w ionopufi o nkwx npyiux qqokfunnwx cfumynax.
55
Cc1n uavu1n
Iuhofosa o hpucymou mosiy cucfomo hopopaofku unqopmauuu hpu-
nonuf nac k unoo o cymocfnonanuu cofou hamnfu. Ionopn yhpomonno,
cofu hamnfu hponcfannnkf coou accouuafunnyk cucfomy xpanonun
unqopmauuu. Hukfo no snaof, nfo n noucfnufoninocfu hponcfannnkf
coou cofu hamnfu, no mw moxom usopasufi ux cumnonunocku n nuno
pnna kananon, ino poncfnonnwo nochomunanun, mwcnu, opasw, mo-
uuu u omymonun coxpannkfcn u cnnswnakfcn npyi c npyiom.
1oopofunocku II-hcuxofopahuk moxno oncnufi kak hponnu-
xonuo nopos cofu hamnfu, konquiypauun kofopwx hokasana na puc. 5.
Pnc. 5. lpaqnuecxoe npepc1aanenne npopanxennn
ao apemn QDQl-ncnxo1epannn uepea ce1u namn1n
Ipu uchonisonanuu foxnuku II mw hponnaiaom knuonfy cocpo-
nofonuficn na uonu, nnnnkmoucn chouuqunockum opasom us hamnfu
unu us cnonunonun; fom unu unwm nononokom; noucfnufoninwm, no-
opaxaomwm unu hpoouupyomwm cowfuom unu xo nokofopwmu achok-
famu hopoxunanun, nahpumop, omymonunmu n fono unu chouuqunoc-
kumu mwcnnmu. mononu yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu fakan
uoni naswnaofcn ysnonou fonkou, fak kak ona nnnnofcn cnooio pona
uonfpom hpufnxonun, nokpyi kofopoio npamaofcn hcuxonoiunocku
UenL J ysnoaan :oka
Accouna:naume kauanm
56
cnnsannwu c fum uonfpom mafopuan. 1ak, nahpumop, ocnu xanoou
knuonfku nnnnofcn oo poakuun na pykononufonn, hcuxofopahonf moxof
uspafi n kanocfno uonu nuuo moqa, kofopoo moxno cnufafi fakou
cmwcnonou ysnonou fonkou, hofomy nfo c nou cnnsana uonan conokyh-
nocfi hopoxunanuu. cnu knuonfka ynof poaiuponafi na uoni c npos-
mopnwm inonom unu c nyncfnom fponoxnocfu fo nopnwu hpusnak
foio, nfo hpoucxonuf ycfanonnonuo accouuafunnou cnnsu. Accouuauuu
moiyf nknknafi n con fo unu unwo hopoxunanun, cnnsannwo c opa-
som moqa unu c opasamu npyiux anfopufofnwx nuu, nahpumop ofua
knuonfku. fom cnynao, ocnu uoni hcuxofopahuu cocfouf n fom,
nfow knuonfka moina chokouno poaiuponafi na uoni, nooxonumo
onucfufi kaxnwu us kananon c homomik hopopaofku ncoio nucqyn-
kuuonanino nakohnonnoio mafopuana, cnnsannoio c ysnonou fonkou.
Iopopaofka hpoucxonuf no npomn kaxnou copuu nnuxonuu inas (unu
unwx pasnpaxufonou), u mw paccmafpunaom kaxnyk us hpoipoccunnwx
cfanuu hopopaofku kak nokoo hnafo, f.o. hnockocfi, ino opasw,
mwcnu u mouuu sanopmakf cnou hpoopasonanun n hpouocco cnooio
nnuxonun k nco onimou cfohonu hcuxofopahonfunockoio paspomonun.
Hpnvcp ccanca H
Hfow hpounnkcfpuponafi honnfun, noxamuo n ocnono II,
paccmofpum cfonoipaqunockyk sahuci qpaimonfa poaninoio hcuxofo-
pahonfunockoio coanca. Knuonf nofopan nounw no iofnamo, kofo-
pwu yxo hpoxonun nononuo n cnnsu c pasnunnwmu fpanmafunockumu
hopoxunanunmu, cnnsannwmu c nounou. 2anow knuonfa ofpaxanu
ymoponnwo cumhfomw hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma, nosnukmuo
hocno ynacfun n nouno u coxpannkmuocn, nocmofpn na mnoionofnoo
nononuo u hopuonunockoo hpownanuo n cfauuonapo. o npomn nofw-
pox hponmocfnonanmux coancon II knuonf hopopaofan cnou fpan-
mafunockuo nochomunanun u oio nannsnunwo mwcnu ocnaonu. 2ano-
w knuonfa na fom coanco cocfonnu n noiafunnou poakuuu na
nokomhofonfnoio cofpynnuka.
Xofn fakan nomi, kak nokomhofonfnocfi cofpynnukon, nohpunfna
nnn ncox, nannwu knuonf na hpofnxonuu nocfafonno nonioio npomonu
poaiuponan na nokomhofonfnocfi cofpynnuka c fakum inonom u ocho-
koucfnom, nfo yfpafun choconocfi paofafi c fum nononokom. On
hwfancn chpanuficn co cnoum inonom u qpycfpauuou n fononuo nockoni-
kux nononi, hocno noio opafuncn sa hcuxonoiunockou homomik, fak
kak n cnnsu c conmocfnou paofou nan hpookfom y noio no wno nos-
moxnocfu yknonuficn of omonun. 1ak kak cama mwcni o konnoio cfa-
na nnn knuonfa ucfonnukom nuckomqopfa, n kanocfno uonu wn uspan
umonno fof cofpynnuk, a no kakuo-nuo npyiuo nunw nsaumonoucfnun
5?
knuonfa. Kak ynof nunno us naninoumoio ohucanun, knununockan
paofa hpononunaci c uchonisonanuom copuu nnuxonuu inas nnn hopo-
paofku unqopmauuu, nwswnanmou nucfpocc.
o-hopnwx, hcuxofopahonf hponnoxuna knuonfy hponcfanufi nuuo
nokomhofonfnoio cofpynnuka u omyfufi nosnukakmyk hpu fom fpo-
noxnocfi. 3afom wno hponnoxono ouonufi nosnukanmuo ofpuuafoni-
nwo nyncfna ho Hkano cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna, ino O co-
ofnofcfnyof noufpaninomy nyncfny hokon, a iO nauonimou cfohonu
ochokoucfna, kofopoo foniko moxno hponcfanufi. 3afom wnu nana-
fw copuu nnuxonuu inas, hpu kofopwx knuonf nusyanino cnonun sa
pufmunockumu nnuxonunmu haniua hcuxofopahonfa. (Ionponwo un-
cfpykuuu o fom, kak fo nonaofcn, nakfcn n inano J.) Moxny copunmu
nnuxonuu inas hpononunaci hponopka cocfonnun knuonfa, kofopomy
sanananuci nohpocw o nonou unqopmauuu, nchnwnakmou n xono coan-
ca. Icuxofopahonf ouonunana nonyk unqopmauuk, honnnnkmykcn
hocno kaxnou copuu nnuxonuu inas, cfapanci ohpononufi, hopopaa-
fwnaof nu knuonf fpanmafunockyk unqopmauuk u nocfuiaof nu on o-
noo anahfunnoio cocfonnun.
konuo kaxnou copuu nnuxonuu inas hcuxofopahonf honkpohnnna
knuonfa cnonom xopomo. 3afom knuonfy hponnaianoci cfopofi hoc-
nonnuu opas, naxonunmuucn n oio cosnanuu, u sananancn nohpoc: Hfo
nw nyncfnyofo counac Knuonf cooman o hpoonanakmux mwcnnx,
mouunx (ho cfohonu ux unfoncunnocfu), nyncfnax unu opasax, nfo-
w y hcuxofopahonfa wna nosmoxnocfi honynafi unqopmauuk o us-
mononunx n oio cocfonnuu. Ha ocnono honynonnou unqopmauuu nnu-
manuo knuonfa nahpannnnoci nuo k hopnonananinou uonu, nuo k
nonou, hponnunmoucn unqopmauuu. Ha puc. 6 hokasana ysnonan fon-
ka nopnnou cofu (nokomhofonfnwu cofpynnuk) c accouuafunnwmu
kananamu unqopmauuu, hponnunmumucn ho mopo hocnononafoninwx
ofnofnwx poakuuu knuonfa. Iopnoo nasnanuo n kaxnom us cfonuon
(Ocnonnan fponoxnocfi, Komunnocfi) ofpaxaof hopnonananinyk
poakuuk knuonfa hpu oio cocponofononuu na uonu, a hpunononnwo nuxo
cnona nnnnkfcn accouuauunmu, nosnukmumu hocno kaxnou nonou co-
puu nnuxonuu inas. Iucynok ofpaxaof foniko onny cfanuk (noconcu-
unusauun) hcuxofopahonfunockoio coanca.
Hpuemenm cmenoepummm ceuncu H1
Knuonfa sonyf Opuk, omy J nof, on hpoipammucf.
1cuxomepuneom. anaufo nannom c foio, nfo nw hponcfanufo coo
nuuo nononoka, kofopoio cnufaofo nokomhofonfnwm cofpynnukom.
58
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5
Cmofpufo na fo nuuo u omymaufo, nackoniko on nokomhofonfon. Kak
w nw ouonunu oio nokomhofonfnocfi, of O no iO annon
:pui. Comi annon.
|Knuonf hponcfannnof coo nuuo cofpynnuka u naof hopnonananinyk
ouonky oio nokomhofonfnocfu n comi annon ho Hkano cyokfunnwx
onunuu ochokoucfna.|
1cuxomepuneom. Cocponofonifoci na fom nyncfno u cnonufo inasa-
mu sa moum haniuom (i:uenm no0 pyiooo0cmoo+ ncuxomepuneomu cooep-
muem cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:). Xopomo. A counac no nymaufo o fom;
cnonaufo nnox u nwnox. Hfo nw nyncfnyofo counac
:pui. H no snak. Mno kaxofcn, n nyncfnyk con nomnoio nynmo.
Iopon fom kak hpuufu ckna, n hpopaafwnan nokofopwo nomu, u na-
konou coionnn ocosnan na unfonnokfyaninom yponno... Ofo xo pao-
fa... snaofo, n no yknanwnakci n pachucanuo, npyiuo nknu nonononi-
nw, no... ncoina noni fak wnaof... H umok n nuny, nfo n komhikfopnom
usnoco kfo-fo ncoina ohasnwnaof. 1ak n nanan ycfanannunafi nokofo-
pwo cnnsu co ncom fum...
|Ofo hopnwu kanan unqopmauuu, ofkpwnmuucn hpu II-coan-
co. 3afom hcuxofopahonf pomaof nopnyficn k hopnonananinou uonu.|
1cuxomepuneom. Xopomo. cnu nw cnona nchomnufo nuuo cofpyn-
nuka, kak w nw counac ohpononunu cfohoni oio nokomhofonfnocfu,
of O no iO annon
:pui. H nymak, hnfi annon.
1cuxomepuneom. Ynopxunaufo fof opas (npooo0um 0:n i:uenmu oue-
pe0nyu cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:). Xopomo. A counac saynifo o fom,
cnonaufo nnox u nwnox. Hfo hpoucxonuf fohopi
|Kak mw ynunum, nonwu kanan ofkpwncn umonno hofomy, nfo knu-
onf nosnpafuncn n hopnonananinou uonu. fopou kanan ykaswnaof na
uohonky accouuafunnoio mafopuana, cnnsannoio unoou nunnoio hpu-
nnfun.|
:pui. H honnn, nfo mon qpycfpuponannocfi ofnacfu cnnsana co cnox-
nwmu ofnomonunmu c moqom, kofopwu no n cocfonnuu ouonufi cho-
conocfu npyiux nknou. ymak, nfo n nyncfnyk nco fo nomnoio nyn-
mo, nom npyiuo. Ho, mno kaxofcn, ncom nyxno wno w honnfi fo.
H no fox hop hoka mou moq no hpusnaof mou choconocfu, n cnona u
cnona yny nosnpamaficn k hofponocfu n nyncfno cocfnonnou komho-
fonfnocfu, fak xo kak u k hofponocfu n fom, nfow npyiuo nknu hpu-
snananu mok komhofonfnocfi.
6O
1cuxomepuneom. ymaufo oo ncom fom (npooo0um c:e0yumyu ce-
puu 0ouenuu e:u:). Xopomo. A fohopi saynifo oo ncom fom, cno-
naufo nnox u nwnox. Kak w nw ouonunu fo, nfo counac nyncfnyofo
:pui. Hanopnoo, nofwpo unu fpu anna. Iocfohonno ko mno hpu-
xonuf ocosnanuo, nfo mno no fak yx nooxonumo hpunnfuo co cfopo-
nw npyiux nknou. Monn noni u fak hpunumakf fo, kfo snanum nnn
monn. Ho mou moq foxo onun us fux snanumwx nknou, a c oio cfo-
ponw hpunnfun n kak pas no omymak. Xofn fo, n cymnocfu, oio hpo-
noma, a no mon (c+eemcn).
| fof momonf y hcuxofopahonfa, uchonisykmoio fpanuuuonnwo
honxonw, moxof honnuficn uckymonuo nanafi nuckyccuk c knuonfom
o fom, kak homoni omy usmonufi oio cucfomy ofnomonuu. Onnako n
cnynao II fo hpofunohokasano. Icuxofopahonfy nooxonumo hpon-
noxufi knuonfy ynopxunafi n cosnanuu nco fo, nfo on counac ckasan,
a safom hponocfu nnn noio omo onny copuk nnuxonuu inas, nfow cfu-
mynuponafi naninoumyk hopopaofky. Iocno foio knuonf hponnoxuf
nonyk nopcuk foio, nfo c num hpoucxonuf. Kak mw ynunum, knuonf
hpu fom nocfuinof nonoio hnafo u unqopmauun hpuopofof onoo
anahfunnyk qopmy.|
1cuxomepuneom. Xopomo. ymaufo o fom (npooo0um 0:n i:uenmu
ouepe0nyu cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:). Xopomo. A counac saynifo o fom,
cnonaufo nnox u nwnox. Hfo c namu hpoucxonuf
:pui. Ionaiak, c monn nocfafonno oio hpunnfun. bonimo mno no
nyxno. H honumak, nfo n counac nyxon moqy, fak nfo os paofw no
ocfanyci. Monn fo ycfpaunaof.
1cuxomepuneom. Xopomo. ymaufo o fom (npooo0um 0:n i:uenmu
ouepe0nyu cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:). A fohopi saynifo oo ncom u inyoko
nwmufo. Hfo nw nyncfnyofo counac
:pui. Mno kaxofcn... nfo nopos hapy mocnuon ocnaoof nannonuo ncou
fou cufyauuu, cnnsannou c paofou nan sanopmonuom hpookfa, u on
ncno ynunuf...
1cuxomepuneom. Xopomo. Ynopxunaufo nco fo n cosnanuu (npooo-
0um 0:n i:uenmu ouepe0nyu cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:). Xopomo. A fohopi
saynifo oo ncom, cnonaufo nnox u nwnox. Hfo c namu hpoucxonuf
:pui. Ipumopno fo xo camoo.
|Koina knuonf no ofmonaof nukakux usmononuu, nyncfnyn con hpu
fom ofnocufonino komqopfno, hcuxofopahonf moxof cnonafi nwnon,
nfo hauuonf honnocfik hponucfun fof nfopou kanan u nfo nooxo-
numo cnona nopnyfi oio k hopnonananinou uonu.|
6i
1cuxomepuneom. Xopomo. A nfo hpoucxonuf, ocnu nw cnona nos-
npamaofoci k opasy nononoka, kofopoio nw nochpunumaofo kak nokom-
hofonfnoio Hfo nw nyncfnyofo counac
:pui. On ochokouf monn. H snak, nfo n ynymom n cnona moiy
uchwfwnafi qpycfpauuk us-sa foio nuua, no nymak, nfo ona yxo ynof
no cfoni cunina.
|Ofmofum, nfo, xofn ypononi fponoxnocfu y knuonfa honusuncn,
ona honnocfik no ucnosna. Ha hpofnxonuu cnonykmou copuu nnuxo-
nuu inas hpouocc hopopaofku cfumynuponan unqopmauuk, accouua-
funno ckpwfyk n fpofiom kanano. 3noci mw onapyxunaom nnunnuo
fpanmafunockoio mafopuana, cnnsannoio c nounou no iofnamo: ocnu
no iofnamo kfo-nuo okaswnancn nokomhofonfnwm, fo fo osnanano,
nfo fakum nknnm hponcfonno hoiunyfi.|
1cuxomepuneom. A fohopi cnona hponcfanifo coo oio nuuo u honyn-
cfnyufo nokomhofonfnocfi (npooo0um 0:n i:uenmu ouepe0nyu cepuu 0ou-
enuu e:u:). Xopomo. A counac saynifo oo ncom fom, cnonaufo nnox
u nwnox. Hfo nw nyncfnyofo
:pui. H honnn, nfo n fom cnynao cfanku, n omom-fo, no cfoni yx
nwcoku. H honumak, nfo n hpan, a on hpocfo nokomhofonfon n fou
onacfu, hwfaofcn nosfi no n cnoo nono u nco hopfuf... (c+eemcn). H
nymak, nfo na nco fo moxno hocmofpofi c npyiou cfoponw...
1cuxomepuneom. oucfnufonino, nw hpanw. Ynopxunaufo fo n co-
snanuu (npooo0um ouepe0nyu cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:). Xopomo. A fohopi
saynifo oo ncom fom, cnonaufo nnox u nwnox. Hfo nw counac nyn-
cfnyofo
:pui. O, fak hpunfno snafi... fak hpunfno nymafi, nfo cfanku, n
cymnocfu, no fak yx nwcoku u nfo nco fu ofnomonun hononw no-
ckonikum coonunonnwm moxny coou komhikfopam... u nfo n posyni-
fafo ncoio foio nukfo no ympof of foio, nfo fw no moxomi nsinnnyfi
na hpoucxonnmoo c npyiou cfoponw...
1cuxomepuneom. opnufoci opafno k fou kapfuno. Hfo nw nyncfny-
ofo
:pui. Komunnocfi ncoio foio!
|1ak kak nna hponwnymux fuha poakuuu wnu onunakonwmu u knu-
onf nyncfnonan con ofnocufonino komqopfno, fo u fpofuu kanan mox-
no wno cnufafi onumonnwm. Iocno foio cnona nwswnanaci hopno-
nananinan uoni. 1ohopi cfanonufcn ononunnwm, nfo poakuun knuonfa
na nokomhofonfnoio cofpynnuka cfana concom npyiou. 1oniko hocno
ocnooxnonun of hcuxonoiunockoio nannonun fpanmafunockoio ohwfa,
62
cnnsannoio c iofnamom, knuonf nanan poaiuponafi na hpoucxonnmoo
onoo chokouno.|
1cuxomepuneom. a.
:pui. H honnn, nfo fof cofpynnuk n omom-fo ofnunnwu haponi.
Ononi choconwu. H koina n cmofpk na omuku, kofopwo on nonaof,
fo onu mno kaxyfcn saannwmu u cmomnwmu nco mw nnanano nonanu
fakuo omuku, hwfanci nwhonnnfi hononyk paofy. w xo snaofo,
kak fo wnaof, koina nosnukaof hponoma u fw pomaomi noonimyk
oo nacfi. Iponoma moxof wfi oipomnou, no fw cmono kohaomi:
Iponoma oipomna Hunoio, cymok!, hofomy nfo na camom nono fw
ynunon foniko kyconok oo (c+eemcn). H fak kak fw ononi noonymonun-
cn, onapyxun fof kyconok, fo pomaomi, nfo fo u ocfi ncn hpono-
ma... pyiuo nknu moiyf nunofi nco fo fak xo ncno, u nacfo um ynaof-
cn chpannnficn c hononwmu nomamu nynmo. co fo nononino
saanno... w xo snaofo: Hoio fw xonomi of noio na oio yponno.
Ipocfo npyiuo noino fo hoponocnf, no nco fo honumakf, a koina
nononok cnufaof, nfo on moxof paspomufi nco na cnofo hponomw fo
cnooio pona xufpocfi u oman camoio con.
1cuxomepuneom. Xopomo. ymaufo o fom (npooo0um 0:n i:uenmu
ouepe0nyu cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:). A fohopi cofpufo nco fo, cnonaufo nnox
u nwnox. Hfo nw counac nyncfnyofo
:pui. Ipumopno fo xo camoo.
1cuxomepuneom. Ipokpacno.
:pui. a, n nyncfnyk con xopomo. Okaswnaofcn, fo fak hpunf-
no no uchwfwnafi onimo nocanw, no uchwfwnafi inona, kak wno
y monn na hpomnou nonono. 1oina nco nananunoci na monn, u n omy-
man cnoo honnoo occunuo. Iwfancn nwkapakaficn, no no moi.
Oenuu npuoe0ennoeo npumepu ceuncu H1
3anopmakmoo nyncfno honumanun u cocfnonnou noochoconocfu,
hponnunmoocn y knuonfa no npomn ohucannoio nwmo coanca, nnnnofcn
hpusnakom ychomnocfu II-hcuxofopahuu. Onnako fakou ochpohnf-
cfnonnwu u no ononi cnoxnwu hpouocc hopopaofku unqopmauuu (f.o.
hpouocc, n kofopom no wno nooxonumocfu nohonnufoninoio nmoma-
fonicfna hcuxofopahonfa u pykononcfna c oio cfoponw) wnaof hpu
II-hcuxofopahuu numi hpumopno n hononuno cnynaon. ocfani-
nwx cnynanx nnuxonuu inas okaswnaofcn nonocfafonno nnn hopopaof-
ku unqopmauuu, u hpouocc hpuocfanannunaofcn, fpoyn of hcuxofo-
pahonfa nmomafonicfna na ohponononnwx oio cfanunx, fak kak n
hpofunnom cnynao cymocfnyof puck honfopnou fpanmafusauuu knuonfa
6J
ochokonmou unqopmauuou c nwcokum ofpuuafoninwm mouuonani-
nwm sapnnom. Anifopnafunnwo honxonw nnn pasnokuponanun hpouocca
hopopaofku unqopmauuu cfanonnfcn ocoonno naxnwmu, koina II
hpumonnofcn hpu paofo c knuonfamu, ypononi fponoxnocfu kofopwx
ononi nwcok (honponoo o fom cm. n inanax ? u iO).
osmoxnwo accouuauuu knuonfa fpynno hponckasafi n honnou mopo.
Hahpumop, ocnu Opuky nononoci nanknafi cmopfi cnooio npyia no
npomn nounw no iofnamo, kofopwu hoiu sa nokomhofonfnocfu npy-
ioio nononoka, fo y noio moino nanaficn unfoncunnoo ofpoaiuponanuo
unu xo honfopnoo hpoxunanuo fpanmafunockoio ohwfa. Cnononafoni-
no, hcuxofopahonfw nonxnw hpuopocfu ohwf nanknonun sa hponn-
nonuom fpanmafunockoio mafopuana, onanakmoio cuninwm mouuo-
naninwm sapnnom, u foniko hocno foio hpumonnfi II n paofo c
knuonfom. cnu ohwfa paofw c mouuonaninwm ofpoaiuponanuom no-
nocfafonno, nooxonuma ocoan ocfopoxnocfi. bonoo foio, foxnuka
II nonxna uchonisonaficn n knununocku osohacnou ocfanonko,
c nocfafonnwm sahacom npomonu, ynonnomom knuonfy, kak nnn hon-
nou hopopaofku fpanmafunockoio cowfun, fak u nnn nosnpamonun knu-
onfa n cocfonnuo nymonnoio pannonocun. Mw no moxom sapanoo snafi,
conopxuf nu fof unu unou kanan unqopmauuu nuccouuafunnwu mafo-
puan, kofopwu moxof hponnuficn n honnou mopo, koina ynof hpouc-
xonufi hpouocc II. Icuxofopahonf nonxon wfi iofon k fomy, nfo
cocfonnuo fponoxnocfu y knuonfa moxof nnanano naxo yxynmuficn, a
ynynmonuo hpousounof numi hofom, chycfn nokofopoo npomn.
O1 ncgynkununantnuc1n k gynkununantnuc1n
Of hcuxofopahonfon, hpomonmux oynonuo II, mw honynaom
hpumopno onunakonwo coomonun o fom, nfo no npomn coancon II
noiafunnwo opasw, cocfonnun u ofpuuafoninwo camohponcfannonun
cfanonnfcn onoo pacconnnwmu u ux snanumocfi ymonimaofcn, n fo
npomn kak hosufunnwo opasw, cocfonnun u, coofnofcfnonno, hono-
xufoninoo camohponcfannonuo cfanonnfcn onoo npkumu u snanumwmu.
Xopomou mofaqopou, ymocfnou nnn uchonisonanun n hononwx cnyna-
nx, moxof cnyxufi opas hoosna. Iopnonananino unqopmauun nanu-
naof hponnnnficn n nucqynkuuonaninou qopmo. Io mopo foio kak hpo-
ucxonuf cfumynuponanuo hopopaofku unqopmauuu, ona nnuxofcn
honono hoosny ho ponicam. Ipu yckoponuu hopopaofku unqopmauuu,
hpoucxonnmom no npomn kaxnou copuu nnuxonuu inas, hoosn kak w
hpoonononaof omo onun hopoion. Ha kaxnom hnafo unu ocfanonko
64
nacfi nucqynkuuonaninou unqopmauuu ofpacwnaofcn u hpuannnof-
cn onoo anahfunnan (unu, ho kpaunou mopo, monoo hponomafunnan)
unqopmauun, honono fomy kak na kaxnou ocfanonko onnu haccaxu-
pw nwxonnf, a npyiuo saxonnf. konuo II-hcuxofopahuu uspan-
nan n kanocfno uonu unqopmauun honnocfik hopopaafwnaofcn u knu-
onf nocfuiaof anahfunnoio paspomonun. Ionopn mofaqopunocku, hoosn
nocfuiaof kononnoio hynkfa cnooio mapmpyfa.
Icuxofopahonfam nooxonumo homnufi, nfo, no fox hop hoka hpo-
uocc hopopaofku no sanopmon honnocfik, nwckaswnanun knuonfa ho
honony uspannoio n kanocfno uonu mafopuana ynyf no nhonno qynk-
uuonaninw. Ofu nwckaswnanun hpocfo ohucwnakf nanunnoo hnafo
cocfonnun unu xo ykaswnakf na cfohoni hopopaofku fpanmafunockoio
mafopuana. Ipu fom y hcuxofopahonfa moxof nosnuknyfi conasn nop-
anino nosnoucfnonafi na knuonfa unu hohwfaficn uchonisonafi koi-
nufunnoo hopocfpykfypuponanuo. Ofo wno w omukou, kofopyk
moxno cpannufi c hponnoxonuom knuonfy coufu c hoosna na kakou-fo
hpomoxyfonnou (u conopmonno no nxonnmou n hnanw knuonfa) ocfa-
nonko. Iockoniky n foxnuko II nonaofcn yhop na camoucuononuo,
nkwo hpoxnonpomonnwo hohwfku hcuxofopahonfa nmomaficn n hpo-
uocc moiyf numi samonnufi unu naxo noomo hpuocfanonufi hopopaofky
unqopmauuu. Koina hpoucxonuf nnuxonuo of onnoio unqopmauuon-
noio hnafo k cnonykmou copuu nnuxonuu inas, hcuxofopahonf non-
xon hoyxnafi knuonfa (n fou mopo, n kakou fo ynof nosmoxno) k
cocponofononuk na cnoom hponwnymom nwckaswnanuu, a no honfopnfi
oio camomy. Knuonf snaof, o nom on nonof poni. Ionopn mofaqopunoc-
ku, koina mw ofkpwnaom unqopmauuonno-hopopaafwnakmyk cucfo-
my, mw kak w hosnonnom hoosny nanafi nnuxonuo ho cnoomy mapmpy-
fy. 3anana xo hcuxofopahonfa cocfouf n fom, nfow ocnoonufi ponicw.
aicntnuc ncpucc1n
Hama paonan iuhofosa cocfouf n fom, nfo cumhfomw hocffpanma-
funockoio cunnpoma nwswnakfcn ochokonmou unqopmauuou, nakoh-
nonnou n nopnnou cucfomo. Ofa unqopmauun sahonafnona n fou xo
qopmo, n kakou ona wna nhopnwo nochpunnfa u hopoxufa, fak kak
unqopmauuonno-hopopaafwnakman cucfoma, kofopan nonxna wna w
hoponapufi fy unqopmauuk, ho fom unu unwm hpununam okasanaci
sanokuponannou. Iofomy xopfnw usnacunonanun moiyf hpononxafi
uchwfwnafi cfpax, nunofi nuuo nacuninuka, nyncfnonafi oio pyku na
cnoom fono naxo mnoiuo ionw chycfn nco fo hpoucxonuf nacfoniko
npko, kak ynfo nahanonuo hopoxunaofcn umonno n nannwu momonf.
65
cnoncfnuo foio unqopmauun kak w samopaxunaofcn, sacfwnaof
na nonioo npomn, usonupyofcn n sanumaomou ok nacfu noupocofu u co-
xpannofcn n cnoou hopnonananinou qopmo, oycnonnonnou fpanmafu-
nockum hopoxunanuom. Iockoniky uonoiunockuo, xumunockuo u nok-
fpunockuo pouohfopw okaswnakfcn nochoconwmu coofnofcfnykmum
opasom cosnafi nsaumocnnsi moxny nopnnwmu cfpykfypamu, fo nou-
pocofi, n kofopou xpanufcn fpanmafunockan unqopmauun, usonupyof-
cn of npyiux nopnnwx cofou. Ipu fom no hpoucxonuf nonoio nayno-
nun, fak kak coofnofcfnykman hcuxofopahonfunockan unqopmauun no
moxof accouuafunno cnnswnaficn c usonuponannou unqopmauuou o
fpanmafunockom cowfuu. Iofomy, koina nosnukakf mwcnu o un-
uunonfo, onu ocfakfcn cnnsannwmu co ncomu ofpuuafoninwmu afpu-
yfamu hopnonananinoio fpanmafunockoio cowfun. Iosynifafw mno-
ionofnou pasionopnou hcuxofopahuu, nfonun opuonfuponannou na ca-
mohomomi hcuxonoiunockou nufopafypw u hopoxunanun konfphpumo-
pon fakxo xpannfcn n hamnfu, ofknanwnanci n ofnoninwx noupocofnx.
Cymocfnyof hpunuuhuaninoo pasnunuo moxny anahfunnou, nwhonnn-
kmou hcuxofopahonfunockyk qynkuuk unqopmauuou u fou unqopma-
uuou, kofopan nakohnona nucqynkuuonaninwm opasom u sacfannnof
knuonfa opamaficn sa hcuxofopahonfunockou homomik co cnonamu: H
no moiy onimo fak xufi.
Xofn nofopanw nounw, xopfnw cokcyaninwx nomoiafonicfn u usna-
cunonanun unfonnokfyanino moiyf honumafi, nfo ux nonisn yhpokafi
sa cnynunmoocn, onu nacfo hpononxakf cnok opiy c noiafunnwmu
camohponcfannonunmu u ochokonmum ux aqqokfom. osnuknononuo
fakoio konqnukfa xopomo coinacyofcn c unoou o fom, nfo pasnunnan
unqopmauun nakahnunaofcn n usonuponannwx noupocofnx. Mononi yc-
koponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu hponhonaiaof, nfo pomakmuo
hposponun u unfoipauun hpoucxonnf hpu nosnuknononuu cnnsu moxny
nnymn pasnunnwmu noupocofnmu. Koina cucfoma hopopaofku unqop-
mauuu akfunusupyofcn u hpunumaof cnok nunamunockyk qopmy, nos-
nukakf coofnofcfnykmuo cnnsu moxny nnymn noufponnwmu uohonka-
mu. Icuxofopahonf, hpumonnkmuu foxnuky II, moxof nanknafi
hpoopasonanuo unqopmauuu hocno kaxnou copuu nnuxonuu inas, ho
mopo foio kak nosnukaof cnnsi moxny uspannwm n kanocfno uonu fpan-
mafunockum mafopuanom u nonou, honoxufonino opuonfuponannou un-
qopmauuou, hopocfpykfypupykmou fpanmafunockyk unqopmauuk u us-
monnkmou oo qopmy. konuo II-hcuxofopahuu hcuxofopahonf
hponnaiaof knuonfy opafuficn k hopnonananinou uonu. Iocno ychomno
hponononnou hcuxofopahuu fpanmafunockuo nochomunanun ynyf nos-
nukafi n onoo honoxufoninou qopmo, unfoipupynci c coofnofcfnyk-
mum hosufunnwm aqqokfom.
66
Hpnvcncnnc H upn pyrnx pacc1puc1nax
Ychomnocfi hpumononun II hpu paofo c xopfnamu fpanm hpu-
nona k fomy, nfo fy foxnuky cfanu uchonisonafi hpu usnononuu mu-
pokoio chokfpa pasnunnwx paccfpoucfn. cymnocfu, poni unof o hpu-
mononuu yxo ohucannwx nwmo hpunuuhon hopopaofku unqopmauuu.
Mononi yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu hponckaswnaof, nfo
oniman nacfi nwswnakmux ochokoucfno fpanmafunockux hopoxuna-
nuu moxof wfi ychomno usnonona nno sanucumocfu of ux hpoucxox-
nonun.
1panma, cnnsana nu ona c usnacunonanuom, cokcyaninwm nomoia-
fonicfnom unu ynacfuom n noonnwx noucfnunx, nocomnonno, okaswna-
of nosnoucfnuo na uchwfanmux fpanmafunockuo hopoxunanun unnunu-
non, hponnnnnci n fom, kak onu con nonyf, kak nymakf, nfo onu
nyncfnykf ho ofnomonuk k camum coo, u n ux nochpuumnunocfu k fa-
kum cumhfomam, kak nonnwo kommapw, fniocfnwo nochomunanun u
nannsnunwo mwcnu. Ofu unnununw hoponocnf na con yfnopxnonun: H
occunon, H yfpafun cnoo nocfouncfno unu H no konfponupyk
con. Kononno, fo knuonfw, kofopwo no hopoxunanu hononwx
fpanm, fakxo moiyf umofi hononoo camoofnomonuo, nyncfnyn con
occuninwmu unu hokunyfwmu. Y fakux hauuonfon ofpuuafoninoo ca-
moofnomonuo nocxonuf k hopoxunanunm pannoio nofcfna. Iofomy,
koina um hponnaiakf ouonufi ho nocnfuanninou mkano xapakfopnwo
cowfun, cnnsannwo c ux comiou, hpoucxoxnonuom unu fom, kak y nux
honnunoci ofpuuafoninoo camoofnomonuo, onu ownno ouonunakf fu
cowfun n nocomi, nonnfi unu nocnfi annon. Ionono xopfnam fpan-
mafunockux cowfuu, onu nunnf u nyncfnykf fo inyoko safpaiunak-
moo nannoo cowfuo.
Kononno, fakuo knuonfw no honpwnanuci na munnom hono no npo-
mn nounw u no wnu xopfnamu cokcyaninwx nomoiafonicfn co cfoponw
ponufonou. Ho nocmofpn na fo, hamnfi o nom-fo, nfo wno ckasano
unu nfo hpousomno c numu koina-fo nanno, saknknona n ux nopnnou
cucfomo u okaswnaof nosnoucfnuo, nocima nuskoo k nosnoucfnuk fpan-
mafunockux hopoxunanuu. Ipusnakom nucqynkuuonaninocfu nnnnof-
cn fof qakf, nfo hamnfi o cowfuu hpononxaof nwswnafi fakou xo
aqqokf, noiafunnwo camoofnomonun u qusunockuo omymonun, kak u
n fof noni, koina nosnuknu fpanmafunockuo nhonafnonun. Honik hcu-
xofopahonfunockoio nosnoucfnun nnnnkfcn ochokonmuo nochomunanun
n fou qopmo, n kofopou onu xpannfcn n nacfonmuu momonf n hamnfu,
fak kak fa nucqynkuuonaninan unqopmauun nnnnofcn ocnonanuom nnn
hponnnnkmoucn n nacfonmoo npomn hafonoiuu. Iockoniky honoxufoni-
nwo usmononun y knuonfa cnnsanw c pasnoopasnwmu qakfopamu, fo
u hocfanonka chouuqunockoio nuainosa moxof wfi monoo naxnou, nom
6?
ohponononuo hpanuninou uonu u nwnnnonuo nocxonnmoio k pannomy
nofcfny ohwfa, hopoxnakmoio nucqynkuuonaninwo cumhfomw knuonfa
u coofnofcfnykmuo qopmw honononun.
C1a1n4cckn uuu1: y1ncpxcnnu,
cnuiannuc c aggck1uv n ycxcnnuvn
wswnakmuo ochokoucfno fpanmafunockuo nochomunanun, xpann-
muocn nucqynkuuonaninwm opasom, cnnswnakfcn npyi c npyiom cfa-
funocku, fak kak hononwo nochomunanun no moiyf opasonwnafi no-
nwo, onoo nunamunnwo cnnsu. Hnqopmauun, xpannmancn n noupoco-
fnx, moxof hponnnnficn n qopmo ncox nomonfon fpanmafunockoio co-
wfun: nusyaninwx opason, qusunockux nyncfn, nkyca u sahaxa, sny-
kon, aqqokfa u fakux hponcfannonuu, kak camoouonka u yoxnonun.
Koina safpaiunaofcn fpanmafunockoo nochomunanuo, knuonf no foniko
nusyanusupyof hpoucxonunmoo, no u sanono hopoxunaof cocfonnuo
aqqokfa u qusunockuo omymonun, kofopwo on uchwfwnan n momonf
hpuopofonun fpanmafunockoio ohwfa. Hokofopwo uccnononafonu cnu-
fakf, nfo coxpanonuo nomonfon fpanmafunockoio ohwfa, fakux kak
cuninwo qusunockuo omymonun, cnnsano c omuonnwm coxpanonuom
ux n kpafkocponnou hamnfu nmocfo noniocponnou hamnfu, ino u non-
xon wn w nakahnunaficn hononwu ohwf (HorowItz & ocIor, i?2),
nuo n nonoknapafunnou (mofopno-nnuiafoninou) cucfomo nmocfo nok-
napafunnou (nappafunnou) cucfomw (II pIo, i2a; van dor KoII, i4).
cnu fo noucfnufonino fak, fo ychomnan II-hcuxofopahun nonx-
na nknknafi n con nunamunockuu hoponon unqopmauuu k qynkuuonani-
nou qopmo xpanonun n hamnfu, nfow ona moina wfi accumunupona-
na, koina honosnan unqopmauun, hpuopofaoman n hpouocco naynonun,
cfanonufcn nmocfo c coofnofcfnykmum aqqokfom nocfyhnou nnn uchoni-
sonanun n ynymom.
Xofn noiafunnwo yoxnonun unnununa u oio camoofnomonuo fpanc-
qopmupykfcn onnonpomonno c npyiumu hponnnonunmu fpanmafunockoio
ohwfa, ownno onu no hpuopofakf onimou snanumocfu, nom con-
copnwu, nyncfnonnwu ohwf. Ofo moxno wno w nasnafi mofanoch-
punfuom, nwxonnmum sa hpononw concopnoio, nyncfnonnoio nochpu-
nfun u nnnnkmumcn ckopoo ucfonkonanuom ohwfa, uchonisykmum n
kanocfno cponcfna unfophpofauuu nswk.
Hswkonan unqopmauun no nnnnofcn onsafoninwm komhononfom
hopnonananinou fpanmw, nfo nunno us cnynaon cokcyaninoio u qusu-
nockoio nacunun nan nofimu, omo no naynunmumucn ionopufi. Hsno-
cfno, nfo mnoiux nofou n nakasanuo sakpwnanu n fyanofo omo no foio,
68
kak onu ocnounu poni, no fom no monoo y nux nanknanuci nwpaxon-
nwo cumhfomw hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma. Hokofopwo hcuxofo-
pahonfw koinufunnou opuonfauuu moinu w ofnofufi na fo, nfo ocnu
manonikoio poonka sakpwfi n onnou komnafo c fuipom, fo on no y-
nof uchwfwnafi cfpaxa, n ofnunuo of poonka hocfapmo, kofopwu yxo
snaof, nfo fuip moxof wfi ohacon. Onnako ononunno, nfo ocnu fuip
sapwnuf na poonka, fo nno sanucumocfu of nospacfa fof uchwfaof nyn-
cfno cfpaxa u ynof fpanmuponan. Ofo hpumop onnou us fox poakuuu,
kofopwo ionofunocku sakonuponanw n nononoko poakuuu, cqopmu-
ponanmuxcn n hpouocco nonkuuu u no fpoykmux fakoio cfumyna, kak
nswk. 1akum opasom, xofn yoxnonun nononoka, nwpaxakmuocn c
homomik nswka, nnnnkfcn honosnou cymnocfik hpuopofonnoio ohw-
fa, onu nnnnkfcn omo u aqqokfom, honhufwnakmum fu yoxnonun,
nfo u okaswnaofcn uonfpaninwm nomonfom ncnkou hafonoiuu.
Hnon o fom, nfo hpomnwu ohwf saknanwnaof ocnony nnn cymocfny-
kmou n nacfonmoo npomn nucqynkuuonaninocfu, nanoko no nona, no
mw fom no monoo pasopom oo n konfokcfo II-hcuxofopahuu, n
nacfnocfu, c fonku sponun coxpanonun nochomunanuu u hopopaofku
unqopmauuu. Iponcfanum, nfo k ofuy honxonuf manonikan nononka
pocfom no onoo oio nwfnnyfou pyku. fof momonf ofou nonannno
ohyckaof pyky u ynapnof poonka ho nuuy. Ioonok, ocfocfnonno, uc-
hwfwnaof ofpuuafoninwu aqqokf, kofopwu n cnonocnom oqopmnonuu
moxof nwinnnofi cnonykmum opasom: Mno no nakf fo, nfo n xony.
H hnoxan. (1akoo camoonunonuo noiko moxno hponnunofi, fak kak
nofu nacfo uchwfwnakf nyncfno cocfnonnou nunw us-sa omuok unu
nonocfafkon cnoux ponufonou. Hauonimyk onosnonnocfi fo hpuo-
pofaof y xopfn cokcyaninwx nomoiafonicfn, onunnkmux con sa fo,
nfo c numu hpousomno. 1akan fonnonuun moxof nosnukafi u ho hpu-
nuno nonkuuonnoio hpouocca, sakonuponanmoio honunononuo anfo-
pufofam kak ycnonuo, nooxonumoo nnn nwxunanun.) Aqqokf, hpunu-
makmuu qopmy unfoncunnoio hopoxunanun yfpafw cocfnonnoio noc-
founcfna unu occunun, a fakxo cohyfcfnykmuo opasw, snyku u oni
of ynapa, sakpohnnkfcn n nopnnou cucfomo poonka. Iononwu ohwf
cfanonufcn cnooio pona hponwm kamnom, hopnunnwm ohpononnkmum
cowfuom n xusnu manonikou nononku; n mononu yckoponnou hopopa-
ofku unqopmauuu mw naswnaom fo ysnonou fonkou. Iockoniky
nochomunanun nakahnunakfcn ho accouuafunnomy hpunuuhy, cnony-
kmoo cowfuo, cnnsannoo c hononou ofnopxonnocfik, ckopoo ncoio
ynof cohpnxono c nannou ysnonou fonkou, nfo u hpunonof k nos-
nuknononuk ocoou noupocofu, cfanonnmoucn inannwm qakfopom n
honkpohnonuu y poonka nyncfna, nfo on hnoxou. Iocnonykmuu
ohwf, cnnsannwu c ofnopxonuom mafopik, pafinmu unu cocfpamu,
npysinmu u npyiumu nuuamu, ynof coofnocuficn c fou ysnonou fon-
6
kou ho kananam accouuafunnou unqopmauuu. mo no foio, kak po-
onok n nocfafonnou cfohonu naynufcn nnanofi ponik, nconosmoxnan
unqopmauun o oio ohwfo, conopxaman hononwo nyncfna cocfnonno-
io occunun, osnanoxnocfu u noanoknafnocfu, ynof coxpannficn cnn-
sannou u opianusonannou nokpyi ysnonou fonku camoio pannoio hono-
noio ohwfa. Ionoxufoninwu ohwf no ynof ycnaunaficn fou noupo-
cofik, fak kak oo ysnonan fonka wna cqopmuponana ofpuuafoninwm
aqqokfom.
Koina cymocfnyof honxonnmuu nswk nnn nwpaxonun H-konuohuuu,
fuha H no moiy honynufi fo, nfo xony; co mnou nfo-fo no n hopnn-
ko, nopanusauuu accouuafunnwm opasom cnnswnakfcn c noupocofnmu
c homomik aqqokfa, hopoxnaomoio snanonuom hpunononnwx nwmo
cnon. cymnocfu, ocnu fakan nopaninan konuohfyanusauun onnax-
nw hpousomna, ona moxof yianwnaficn, kak omuu snamonafoni, sa
kaxnwm hocnonykmum hopoxunanuom, ofknanwnakmumcn n fou cofu
n nuno ofpuuafonino sapnxonnou unqopmauuu. 1akou hpouocc hponon-
xaofcn u n knocfu, koina nononka us namoio hpumopa cfanonufcn no-
nymkou u hopoxunaof ofnopxonnocfi co cfoponw ynufonn unu cnooio
hpunfonn. 1ak nco hocnonykmuo cowfun moiyf cnnswnaficn n onnou
ysnonou fonko, hpunnocn cnou nknan n hopnonananinwu ohwf. 1a-
kum opasom, ouonka, cnnsannan c kaxnwm us fux cowfuu, no oipa-
nununaofcn qynkuuonanino ohponononnwm yfnopxnonuom ( nannom
cnynao n no moiy honynufi fo, nfo n xony), a cnnswnaofcn c nucqyn-
kuuonanino oomenni+ yfnopxnonuom H nukoina no moiy honynufi
fo, nfo xony; co mnou nfo-fo no fak.
Hfo hpoucxonuf, koina nononka us namoio hpumopa cfanonufcn
nspocnou u uchwfwnaof nonfo, nahomunakmoo ou ofnopxonuo unu
xo yipoxakmoo cfafi fakonwm Honan unqopmauun accumunupyofcn n
nopnnou cofu, u yfnopxnonuo H no moiy honynufi fo, nfo mno xonof-
cn; co mnou nfo-fo no n hopnnko u cnnsannwu c fum yfnopxnonuom
aqqokf oomakfcn u oonunnkfcn c nnoni honynaomou unqopmauu-
ou. Chycfn nokofopoo npomn ho mopo nakohnonun cnnsannwx c fum
cowfuu nosnukaof cnooio pona camohonkpohnnkmoocn hpoponocfno;
nkou namok unu manc na poakuuk ofnopxonun moxof nknknafi co-
ofnofcfnykmyk noupocofi c hpoonanakmum n nou hponcfannonuom: Co
mnou nfo-fo no n hopnnko. osnukakmoo hocno foio y unnununa
honononuo u ofnomonuo k hpoucxonnmomy ynyf umofi fohopi nucqyn-
kuuonaninwu xapakfop, fak kak mofunupyof u honhufwnaof nannoo
honononuo unfoncunnwu aqqokf: cfpax, oni u occunuo, uchwfannwo
no npomn hopnoio fpanmafunockoio hopoxunanun u fohopi nohonnno-
mwo ncom hocnonykmum ohwfom. 1ak, oni, hopoxufan koina-fo nanno,
n nofcfno, hpononxaof okaswnafi nosnoucfnuo u counac, u ho hpununo
accouuafunnou hpuponw hamnfu u honononun poakuuu xonmunw us
?O
namoio hpumopa u oo ouonunanuo con u mupa ynyf umofi nucqynkuu-
onaninwu xapakfop. Koina fa xo xonmuna okaswnaofcn n fou unu unou
couuaninou cufyauuu u y noo nosnukaof xonanuo nocfuni noio-nuo,
hpoucxonuf cfumynnuun noupocofu, n kofopou hpoonanaof aqqokf,
nwpaxaomwu cnonamu H no moiy honynufi fo, nfo xony; nfo-fo co mnou
no n hopnnko, nmocfo c fum nosnukaof u coofnofcfnykmuu ypononi
fponoxnocfu, nfo napnny c camoonunonunmu hpohnfcfnyof qynkuuo-
naninwm qopmam honononun.
aipcmcnnc
Iaspomonuo fpanmafunockoio hopoxunanun nocfuiaofcn c homomik
cfumynnuuu cnoucfnonnou opianusmy choconocfu k camoucuononuk.
Kak yxo ofmonanoci, onnum us ocnonnwx hpunuuhon mononu yckopon-
nou hopopaofku unqopmauuu nnnnofcn honnfuo ocfocfnonnoio cfpom-
nonun k nymonnomy snoponik. Moxanusm hopopaofku unqopmauuu ho
camou cnoou qusuonoiunockou hpupono hpuchoconon nnn paspomonun
hcuxonoiunockux nucqynkuuu, fak xo kak fono hpuchoconono nnn
ucuononun qusunockux pan. Coinacno namou mononu, hcuxonoiunockan
nucqynkuuonaninocfi co ncomu hpucymumu ou komhononfamu (fuha
ofcyfcfnun camoynaxonun u camonocfafonnocfu) nwswnaofcn nakohnon-
nou n nopnnou cucfomo fpanmafunockou unqopmauuou. C homomik
foxnuku II fa unqopmauun cfanonufcn nocfyhnou, hopopaafwna-
ofcn u anahfunnwm opasom paspomaofcn. Kak yxo oncnnnoci, koi-
na mw hponnaiaom knuonfy ynopxunafi n cosnanuu kapfuny hopnonanani-
noio fpanmafunockoio cowfun, fo cfumynupyof qusuonoiunocku
nakohnonnyk unqopmauuk. nuxonun inas (unu npyiuo pasnpaxufo-
nu) akfunusupykf moxanusm hopopaofku unqopmauuu u c kaxnou
copuou nnuxonuu inas umokman anahfunnwu xapakfop nonan unqopma-
uun accumunupyofcn noupocofik, hpoopasyn uspannwu n kanocfno
uonu mafopuan no fox hop, hoka on no nocfuiaof snoponoio, qynkuu-
onaninoio cocfonnun.
Ipunonom hpumop. Knuonfka, nananman no npomn coanca II
paofy c opasom ockopnnnmoio oo ofua, c yiposou nosnwmakmoiocn
nan nou, coomuna o fom, nfo ho mopo hpouocca hopopaofku ona cama
nanana chonfanno pacfu, hoka no nocfuina fakoio xo pocfa, kak u
quiypa ofua. Io mopo foio kak c homomik hocnononafoninwx copuu
nnuxonuu inas cfapan unqopmauun hpoopasyofcn u hpuxonuf k fopa-
honfunockomy u uonufoninomy paspomonuk, knuonfka moxof nanafi
chonfanno nonafi sannnonun fuha Co mnou nco n hopnnko, a nof y mooio
ofua hponomw. 1akoo usmononuo ouonku nnnnofcn unfoipaninou na-
cfik nonoio aqqokfa u concopnoio ohwfa ohwfa, kofopwu ynof
?i
hpoonanafi, hocno foio kak noupocofi wna akfunusuponana nnyfpon-
numu unu nnomnumu pasnpaxufonnmu. Hnwmu cnonamu, ho mopo hpo-
opasonanun unqopmauuu usmononuo nusyaninou kapfunw cnnswnaof-
cn c usmononuom aqqokfa u camoouonku, nfo cfanonufcn nacfik nonoio
chocoa coxpanonun n hamnfu hpomnoio ohwfa.
Ipu fom knuonfka anfomafunocku nanunaof nocfu con ho-nonomy,
kak ynfo noxamoo n ocnono oo honononun yfnopxnonuo Hfo-fo co mnou
no n hopnnko cmonunoci na yfnopxnonuo Y monn nco hpokpacno. nn
onimuncfna knuonfon ychomnocfi II-hcuxofopahuu hponnnnofcn
n nonom, honoxufoninom camohponcfannonuu, pachpocfpannkmomcn
na nck noupocofi. Cnononafonino, nkwo cnnsannwo c fum nocho-
munanun (nahpumop, npyiuo cnynau yipos co cfoponw ofua xonmunw
n hpunononnom nwmo hpumopo), cfanmuo nocfyhnwmu nnn hpumononun
hcuxofopahonfunockou foxnuku, hocno hopopaofku fakxo hpunonyf k
opasonanuk hosufunnoio camohponcfannonun (Y monn nco hpokpac-
no) nmocfo c coofnofcfnykmum aqqokfom. Ionoxufoninoo hcuxofo-
pahonfunockoo paspomonuo ynof hponnnnficn no ncox achokfax uspan-
noio n kanocfno uonu nochomunanun (n opasax, qusunockux omymo-
nunx, mouunx u f.h.), a fakxo n cnnsannwx c fum cowfunx, kak
hpomnwx, fak u nacfonmux, hponnnnnci n coofnofcfnykmux usmono-
nunx honononun.
8ucuuvnnannu, iac1unmnc n c1c1nc
Knununockuo nanknonun hpu uchonisonanuu II-hcuxofopahuu
hosnonnkf ofmofufi, nfo hcuxofopahonfunockuo posynifafw nacfo no-
cfuiakfcn c homomik hpoipoccupykmoio packpwfun nnn knuonfa no-
nou hopchokfunw, hpucymou nspocnomy honxony, n ocoonnocfu n fox
cnynanx, koina hauuonf wn samknyf n cnoux mouuonaninwx poakuu-
nx, ohpononnnmuxcn honynonnou n nofcfno fpanmou. boniman nacfi
hpuopofonnoio n nofcfno ohwfa honna nyncfn occunun, ofcyfcfnun
nwopa, nochoconocfu konfponuponafi hpoucxonnmoo u omou noanok-
nafnocfu. axo n camom hpunfnom nofcfno wnu ompanakmuo momon-
fw nahpumop, koina ponufonu kyna-fo ymnu nonopom, ocfanun po-
onka onnoio, u on nyncfnonan con hokunyfwm u numonnwm saofw.
Mononi yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu hponhonaiaof, nfo fa-
kou nhonno ownnwu nofckuu ohwf, coxpanunmuucn coofnofcfnykmum
qusuonoiunockum opasom, moxof cfafi hpununou mnoionucnonnwx
nucqynkuuonaninwx paccfpoucfn.
nswko knuonfa nacfo ofpaxakfcn fakuo nofckuo cocfonnun, kak
occunuo, ofcyfcfnuo nwopa, cfpax u noanoknafnocfi. Hahpumop,
knuonfka n nospacfo 5O nof, coomanman o snanufoninou nucfanuu-
?2
ponannocfu of mafopu u nananman cnoo ofpoaiuponanuo co cfpaxa, qpy-
cfpuponannocfu u fponoxnocfu, poaiuponana fak no na mafi n oo nwnom-
nom cocfonnuu ?5-nofnkk cfapyxy-unnanuna, c kofopou ona omanaci
numi ho fonoqony. oo cnynao sanono hopoxunanuci mouuu nofcfna,
oxunmuo hpu cfumynuponanuu noupocofu cowfunmu, accouuuponan-
mumucn c opasom mafopu, noupocofu, ocnonannou na knknonwx
nochomunanunx, cnnsannwx c unfoncunnwm nyncfnom cfpaxa u ofcyf-
cfnuom osohacnocfu. cymnocfu, knuonfka no moina poaiuponafi
chokouno na cnok mafi no fox hop, hoka oo pannuo nochomunanun no
wnu hopopaofanw u hoponononw na coofnofcfnykmoo mocfo n hpomnoo.
Iockoniky II akfunusupyof unqopmauuonno-hopopaafwnak-
myk cucfomy u honnopxunaof oo n nunamunockom cocfonnuu, nyncfna
nunw u cfpaxa, nochpunumanmuocn c fonku sponun nofckou hopchok-
funw, moiyf wfi hocfohonno hpoopasonanw n coofnofcfnuu co nspoc-
nou hopchokfunou anoknafnoio poaiuponanun, nyncfna osohacnocfu u
ynoponnocfu n cnoou choconocfu cnonafi nooxonumwu nwop. Cocfo-
nnuo yfpafw konfponn, kasanmoocn cfoni ncohoinomakmum n nofckom
nospacfo, hopocfaof wfi anoknafnwm nnn nspocnoio nononoka.
axno honumafi hapannoni moxny nofckum ohwfom u ohwfom xop-
fnw fpanmafunockou cufyauuu. H n fom u n npyiom cnynao hpucyfcfny-
of nyncfno camoonunonun u noanoknafnocfu, nyncfno yfpafw konfpo-
nn, ofcyfcfnuo osohacnocfu u nosmoxnocfu nwopa. Moxno hponho-
noxufi, nfo nucqynkuuonaninan ysnonan fonka nokanusupyofcn n nof-
ckom ohwfo (no npomn cfanuu pasnufun), koina honoxufoninan unqop-
mauun no accumunupyofcn coofnofcfnykmum opasom n noupocofu no
npomn kpufunockoio hopuona cpasy xo hocno fpanmafunockoio cowfun
(f.o. poonok hocno fpanmafunockou cufyauuu no hohanaof n komqopf-
nwo ycnonun). Ipupona cymocfnonanmux panoo ysnonwx fonok, fak
xo kak u unfoncunnocfi hocnonykmux cfpocconwx qakfopon, moxof
ohpononnfi opasonanuo nwpaxonnwx cumhfomon hocffpanmafunockoio
cunnpoma. Ipu fpanmafunockom ohwfo, hopoxufom no nspocnom nos-
pacfo, nanunuo cymocfnonanmou panoo nucqynkuuonaninou ysnonou
fonku moxof oncnufi, honomy c homomik II nochomunanun o
fpanmo, hopoxufou yxo npocnwm nononokom, nacfo hpunonnf k fomy,
nfo y knuonfon nosnukakf nochomunanun pannoio nofcfna, cnnsannwo
c fakum xo aqqokfom. Anoknafnan hopopaofka unqopmauuu hosnonnof
knuonfy hpusnafi nanunuo ycnonuu unu ocfonfonicfn, cymocfnykmux
n nacfonmoo npomn kak na mouuonaninom, fak u na koinufunnom ypon-
no. Ha hpumopo onimoio konunocfna knuonfon II-hcuxofopahuu
mw moxom nanknafi ux hpoipoccupykmyk nonkuuk k hpomonuk
camux con, n kofopom onu opofakf n nacfonmom nyncfno osohacno-
cfu u konfponn.
?J
Hcnxu1cpaunu, cnuunau
u1 npcvcnnux urpann4cnn
1panuuuonnan hcuxofopahun cnnsana qakfopom npomonu n fom
cmwcno, nfo oo posynifafw wnakf honoxufoninwmu, ocnu hocno fpan-
mafunockoio cowfun hpomon no ononi nnufoninwu hopuon. Ofo, no-
ponfno, oncnnofcn fom, nfo hpu fpanuuuonnou hcuxofopahuu uc-
honisykfcn n ocnonnom nopaninwo, a no ocnonannwo na qusuonoiu-
nockux moxanusmax hpouonypw nnn nosnoucfnun na unqopmauuk, nuc-
qynkuuonaninwm opasom xpannmykcn n nopnnou cucfomo. mono-
nu yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu ucuononuo hcuxonoiunockou
nucqynkuuonaninocfu paccmafpunaofcn kak ofnocufonino cnoonnoo of
qakfopa npomonu, u hofomy hpu uchonisonanuu foxnuku II na-
nknaofcn wcfpwu honoxufoninwu qqokf nno sanucumocfu of ko-
nunocfna fpanmafunockux cowfuu u of foio, ckoni nanno onu hpo-
ucxonunu.
Kak mw yxo ocyxnanu, hpu II-hcuxofopahuu n kanocfno uonu
moiyf usupaficn pannuo nofckuo nochomunanun, onoo hosnnuo fpan-
mafunockuo cowfun unu cymocfnykmuo n nacfonmuu momonf cufya-
uuu. o ncox cnynanx nanknaofcn honoxufoninwu hcuxofopahonfunoc-
kuu qqokf, oncnnomwu fom, nfo noupocofi accouuafunno cnnsana
co ncomu hononwmu cowfunmu. Io mopo foio kak knuonf ynopxuna-
of n cnoom cosnanuu hponmof nosnoucfnun, nucqynkuuonaninan unqop-
mauun cfumynupyofcn. Hnqopmauuonno-hopopaafwnakman cucfoma
akfunusupyofcn copunmu nnuxonuu inas (unu npyiux pasnpaxufonou),
u hpoucxonuf hpoopasonanuo fpanmafunockoio cowfun, hpunonnmoo
k nocfuxonuk anahfunnoio paspomonun c coofnofcfnykmum aqqokfom,
camoofnomonuom u omou ouonkou. Iockoniky unqopmauun nsaumo-
cnnsana accouuafunnwm opasom, fo no npomn hcuxofopahonfunockoio
coanca moiyf wfi safponyfw mnoiuo hononwo nochomunanun, hocno
noio honnnnofcn nosmoxnocfi nnn nosnuknononun nonoio hosufunnoio
aqqokfa u honoxufoninoio camohponcfannonun, pachpocfpannkmoio-
cn na nco cowfun, nochomunanun o kofopwx xpannfcn n nopnnou cofu
n nuno cnooopasnwx ipyhh unqopmauuonnwx knacfopon.
Iockoniky xopfnw noonnokpafnwx cnynaon cokcyaninoio nacunun u
nofopanw nounw no iofnamo mnoiokpafno hopoxunanu fpanmafunoc-
kuo cowfun, hcuxofopahonf moxof pasnonufi nochomunanun knuonfa
na ipyhhw, kaxnan us kofopwx umoof cnoo omoo knknonoo cowfuo u
pasnpaxufoni nahpumop, nun cnoux fonapumou, panonnwx n ok, unu
nochomunanun o akfo nacunun, conopmaomoio cfapmum pafom.
hpouocco II-hcuxofopahuu n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun usupaof-
cn onno us cowfuu, hponcfannnkmoo nck ipyhhy, f.o. noci knacfop,
?4
nfo nacfo chococfnyof nocfuxonuk qqokfa ionopanusauuu oo-
monun, oxnafwnakmoio noci ohwf hpomnwx cowfuu, accouuafunno
cnnsannwu n fom knacfopo.
Ipu II usmononun y knuonfa hpoucxonnf c iopasno onimou
ckopocfik, nom hpu fpanuuuonnwx qopmax hcuxofopahuu, nfo moxno
oncnufi cnonykmumu hpununamu: (i) hpu nwopo uonu nochomuna-
nun oonunnkfcn n ipyhhw, opasyn knacfopw; (2) hpuopofaofcn
hpnmou nocfyh k nucqynkuuonaninomy mafopuany, xapakfop kofopoio
oycnonnon camum fpanmafunockum cocfonnuom; (J) uchonisykfcn fonno
paspaofannwo hpofokonw (o nux honponoo ynof unfu poni n cnonyk-
mux inanax) u (4) cfumynuponanuo ocfocfnonno hpucymou unnununy
unqopmauuonno-hopopaafwnakmou cucfomw fpancqopmupyof unqop-
mauuk nenocpe0cmoenno na hcuxoqusuonoiunockom yponno.
Choconocfi qqokfon II-hcuxofopahuu wfi ofnocufonino no
sanucnmumu of npomonnwx oipanunonuu ananoiunna choconocfu un-
nununon na hpofnxonuu 45 munyf qasw wcfpoio cna nunofi n cnonu-
nonunx cowfun, hpoucxonunmuo ononi nanno. Moxno hponhonoxufi
nusocfi moxanusma, noucfnykmoio no npomn cna, u moxanusma ycko-
ponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu no npomn coanca II-hcuxofopa-
huu, nfo u hosnonnof wcfpo hopopaofafi koinufunno-mofunnwu
mafopuan na hcuxoqusuonoiunockom yponno. Xofn hononwu qqokf
hopopaofku no npomn cna ofmonaofcn y mnoiux unnununon u hpu fom
cohponoxnaofcn munumaninou cfohonik fponoxnocfu, fom no monoo no
mnoiux cnynanx nnn qqokfunnou hopopaofku fpanmafunockoio mafo-
puana fpoyofcn cosnafoninoo akfunnoo nonnononuo unnununa n nannwu
hpouocc. o npomn coanca II fakxo hpoucxonuf nunamunockan anah-
funnan hopopaofka nochomunanuu, u hofomy moxno cnufafi, nfo cama
ho coo hpouonypa II honnopxunaof moxanusm hopopaofku unqop-
mauuu n akfunusuponannom cocfonnuu. Ofo posko ofnunaofcn of cfa-
funnocfu nochomunanuu, c kofopwmu ownno hpoucxonuf paofa hpu
noniocponnou pasionopnou hcuxofopahuu.
Ipu uchonisonanuu II cama hpouonypa u hcuxofopahonfunockuo
hpofokonw ofpaxakf mononi hopopaofku unqopmauuu, n kofopou
nonaofcn yhop na fonnou hcuxofopahonfunockou qokycuponko.
3noci moxno hponocfu ananoiuk c monukamonfosnwm nononuom pac-
cfpoucfn: fonno fak xo, kak uchonisonanuo conpomonnwx nokapcfn sa-
cfannnof nac hopocmofpofi hponcfannonun o npomonu, nooxonumom nnn
nononun pasnunnwx comafunockux saononanuu, fak u hpumononuo
II nwnyxnaof hopocmofpofi namu hponnsnfwo hponcfannonun o npo-
monu, nooxonumom nnn usnononun hcuxonoiunockux fpanm. cqopo
nymonnoio snoponin mw yxo hocfanunu snak panoncfna moxny hcuxo-
noiunockumu usmononunmu u wcfpwm ynynmonuom cocfonnun unnu-
?5
nuna. 1akum opasom, nnn usannonun of fponoxnocfu, nohpoccuu,
paccfpoucfn, cnnsannwx c napymonuom ananca mosionwx honymapuu,
unu paccfpoucfn, cnnsannwx c nannsnunwmu cocfonnunmu, y nac oni-
mo nof nooxonumocfu n nonionpomonnom nononuu, kofopoo ownno
hponhonaiaofcn hpu monukamonfosnom honxono.
Coinacno mononu yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu, hpu uc-
honisonanuu II hcuxofopahonf nwcfyhaof n ponu kafanusafopa co-
ofnofcfnykmux usmononuu uoxumunockoio ananca c homomik nos-
noucfnun na xapakfop nokfpunockux hofonuuanon nopnnou cucfomw.
Hahpumop, hpu nouponnom nosyxnonuu, nwsnannom cocponofononuom
nnumanun u onnonpomonnwmu nnuxonunmu inas (nuo unwmu pasnpa-
xufonnmu), moxof nosnukafi nsaumonoucfnuo c numunockumu u kop-
fukaninwmu cucfomamu (honponoo o fom poni unof n inano i2). 1a-
koo nsaumonoucfnuo moxof noxafi n ocnono wcfpoio hcuxofopahonfu-
nockoio qqokfa. Onnako nnn honnoio usnononun nooxonumo uchoni-
sonafi knununockuo hpouonypw u hpofokonw, ycununakmuo honosnwu
qqokf. Hcfopun knuonfa conopxuf n coo momonfw, ykaswnakmuo na
oio iofonnocfi k hcuxofopahuu (honponoo fo ocyxnaofcn n inano 4),
u nooxonumocfi nnn paofw c fpanmou kaxnoio kak unnununyaninoio
hcuxofopahonfunockoio hnana, fak u coofnofcfnykmoio yponnn hcuxo-
fopahonfunockou honnopxku. Hchonisykmuo II hcuxofopahonfw o-
napyxunu, nfo c homomik cfpykfypuponannwx hpofokonon n fononuo
nockonikux coancon moxno onucfufi nucqynkuuonaninyk onacfi, hpo-
nnnnnmyk nnufoninoo cohpofunnonuo hponwnymum qopmam fopahuu
unoina na hpofnxonuu nockonikux mocnuon.
Hchonisyoman hcuxofopahonfom mononi hpouocca nonxna nknknafi
n con hpusnanuo foio qakfa, nfo y knuonfa noucfnufonino moiyf nos-
nukafi wcfpwo, inyokuo u mnoiohnanonwo usmononun, coxpannk-
muocn na hpofnxonuu nnufoninoio npomonu. nn hcuxofopahonfon,
opuonfupykmuxcn na noniocponnwo mofonw, hononwo hcuxoananu-
sy, hpusnanuo foio qakfa moxof wfi cohpnxono c onimumu fpyn-
nocfnmu. Onnako n xofona w honnopknyfi, nfo knununockuo nank-
nonun no npomn coancon II-hcuxofopahuu hokasanu, nfo no
ofnocnmuocn k nony cfanuu hcuxofopahonfunockoio hpouocca hpocfo
hopockakunakfcn. Cumnonusm hponcnnofcn, nosnukakf coofnofcfny-
kmuo uncaufw, unnunun ycnaunaof ypoku cnooio ohwfa u nocfuiaof pas-
nunnwx cfanuu honoxufoninoio mouuonaninoio paspomonun, hpunom
nco fo hpoucxonuf n yckoponnom fomho.
no sanucumocfu of hcuxonoiunockoio honxona, uchonisonannoio
hcuxofopahonfom, noiunno wno w hponhonoxufi, nfo nkwo hcu-
xofopahonfunockuo usmononun n kononnom cnofo ocnonanw na noupo-
qusuonoiunockux usmononunx n unqopmauuu, nakohnonnou n mosio.
?6
nn hcuxofopahonfa moxof wfi nocima honosnwm homnufi o kopofkom
hpomoxyfko npomonu, nooxonumom nnn hpoxoxnonun nopnnwx umhyni-
con nopos cunahc. axo hpu noniocponnou hcuxonunamunockou hcu-
xofopahuu uncaufw nosnukakf na hpofnxonuu ofnoninwx kpafkux mino-
nonuu. Iponnaiaoman namu mononi yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopma-
uuu hponhonaiaof, nfo uncaufw hpoucxonnf hpu coonunonuu nnyx pas-
nononnwx noupocofou.
Ucnn
Knknom k hcuxonoiunockum usmononunm nnnnofcn choconocfi
hpousnonufi nooxonumyk hopopaofky unqopmauuu. Ofo osnanaof
cosnanuo cnnsu moxny accouuauunmu, onanakmumu uonufoninwm
nosnoucfnuom. nn honynonun nocfyha k sanokuponannwm cofnm ha-
mnfu uchonisykfcn fo unu unwo konkpofnwo uonu nosnoucfnun. Ha
ocnono knununockux nanknonuu moxno cnonafi nwnon, nfo nakohnon-
nan unqopmauun moxof wfi uchonisonana n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun
no npomn coanca II-hcuxofopahuu. 1ak, cnonunonuo, opasw noc-
homunanuu unu hponnnnkmuocn n nacfonmoo npomn qopmw honononun
moiyf wfi honosnwmu nnn qokycuponku uonou, fak kak nco onu cfu-
mynupykf chouuqunockuo noupocofu, conopxamuo n coo nwswnakmyk
ochokoucfno unqopmauuk. Hahpumop, nofopanw nounw no iofnamo
moiyf cfpanafi of mnoiokpafno nosnpamakmuxcn nonnwx kommapon, n
kofopwx ux yunakf, nfo hponcfannnof coou hponnnonuo nochomuna-
nuu o fom, kak n nux noucfnufonino cfponnnu no npomn nounw, unu
xo fponoxnyk poakuuk na ipomkuu mym c hpoonananuom yoxnonun
o nochoconocfu konfponuponafi cufyauuk. co fu nomonfw nonx-
nw ynufwnaficn hpu paspaofko coofnofcfnykmoio hcuxofopahonfunoc-
koio hnana. cnu cucfoma hopopaofku unqopmauuu ynof onnaxnw
akfunuponana, fo nucqynkuuonaninwo nomonfw hpounyf hopopaof-
ky u cymocfnykmuo xanow ynyf paspomonw c homomik hocnonona-
foninoio cnnswnanun uspannwx n kanocfno uonu fpanmafunockux noc-
homunanuu u honoxufoninoio anahfunnoio mafopuana.
nohonnonuo cnonyof ckasafi, nfo cymocfnyof pnn hpusnakon sa-
nokuponannocfu cofou hamnfu, kofopwo moiyf wfi uspanw n kano-
cfno uonu u hponmofa nosnoucfnun, fo cnynau hofopu hamnfu, nuc-
couuafunnwo paccfpoucfna u oipanunonnocfi nocfyha k noiafunnomy
mafopuany.
1opmun anfopa uoni (anin. targot) n onimuncfno cnynaon hopononufcn
snoci kak hponmof (hcuxofopahonfunockoio) nosnoucfnun. 1pu+. nepeoo0uuiu.
??
Oepununennmu 0ocmyn u neeumuonomy mumepuuay
Onun us hpusnakon sanokuponannou cofu hamnfu cocfouf n fom,
nfo knuonf chocoon naxonufi y con foniko noiafunnwo nochomuna-
nun, naxo ocnu on na camom nono hopoxunan u honoxufoninwo cow-
fun. Hahpumop, onna knuonfka xanonanaci, nfo na hpofnxonuu nnyx
nof ona nyncfnonana, kak y noo nan iononou nucono fomnoo onako.
Ofa xonmuna wna ononi hpunnsana k cnoomy ofuy, ymopmomy yxac-
nou cmopfik n nomo hpocfaponwx, ino ona nunom no moina homoni omy.
Koina ona hwfanaci nymafi o ofuo unu xo nfo-nuo nahomunano o nom,
hopon nou nosnukan opas ofua, cfpanakmoio n onunonocfno. Ofof opas
u wn uspan uonik nosnoucfnun c homomik II. Iocno sanopmo-
nun hcuxofopahuu nnn hponopku oo qqokfunnocfu knuonfko nananu
pacckaswnafi o ofuo, chpamunan hpu fom: Hfo nw counac nyncfnyo-
fo. Knuonfka ckasana, nfo y noo chonfanno nosnukna kapfuna, kak
onu c ofuom naxonnfcn n iocfnx na nonopunko. Koina ou hponnoxunu
cfopofi fy kapfuny u cnona nanafi nymafi o ofuo, honynuncn fof xo
posynifaf. Iosufunnwo opasw wnu cnnsanw c nyncfnom ymupofnopo-
nun, a fomnan fyna ucnosna.
Coinacno mononu yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu, noiafun-
nan unqopmauun xpanufcn nucqynkuuonaninwm opasom n nwswnak-
mou ochokoucfno qopmo u ncnoncfnuo foio noponfnocfi oo cfumynu-
ponanun okaswnaofcn onimou, nom y npyiux accouuauuu. Iofomy,
xofn n cofu hamnfu xpannfcn mnoiuo nunw unqopmauuu, nocfyh ko ncomy
ofpuuafoninomy mafopuany, umokmomy nwcokuu mouuonaninwu sa-
pnn, okaswnaofcn, kak hpanuno, sanokuponannwm. Koina nochomu-
nanun o fpanmafunockux cowfunx hopopaafwnakfcn, onu paspomakfcn
anahfunnwm opasom u hopoxonnf n onoo noufpaninyk qopmy c camo-
ofnomonuom, kofopoo cnonocno ofpaxaof onoo anoknafnwu aqqokf (n
namom hpumopo onnum us fakux camoofnomonuu moino w wfi yfnop-
xnonuo: Counac on n cocfonnuu hokon). cnon sa fum moiyf hpo-
nnuficn honoxufoninwo nochomunanun. posynifafo nkwo nnomnuo
unu nnyfponnuo namoku na fpanmafunockyk cufyauuk, onanakmuo
nosmoxnocfik nwswnafi unqopmauuk us cofu hamnfu, uspannou n
kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun, no ynyf onimo okaswnafi nosnoucfnuo uc-
knknufonino na nucqynkuuonaninyk unqopmauuk. cnu knuonfko us
namoio hpumopa hponnoxufi nymafi o opaso ofua unu ocnu ona yc-
nwmuf o ofuo of koio-fo npyioio, ona onimo no ynof oipanunona
mwcnnmu o cfpananunx ofua n nomo nnn hpocfaponwx. cnu ochokon-
muo nochomunanun wnu onnaxnw anoknafno hopopaofanw, fo nano-
nnmuo nohpocw hcuxofopahonfa hosnonnf noiko honynafi nocfyh k npy-
ium, hosufunnwm achokfam noupocofu.
?8
Hpoouam o numnmu
knu, hopoxunmuo n nofcfno cokcyaninoo nacunuo, nacfo chycfn
mnoio nof hocno cnynan cokcyaninwx nomoiafonicfn no moiyf noccfa-
nonufi nochomunanun o npyiux cowfunx nofcfna. osnukaof nhonaf-
nonuo, nfo onanakman nwcokum mouuonaninwm sapnnom unqopma-
uun o cnynao nacunun nokupyof nocfyh k ocfaninou nacfu nofckux
nochomunanuu. cnu hpoucxonuf hopopaofka fpanmw, fo knuonf ho-
nynaof nosmoxnocfi nchomnufi mnoiuo honoxufoninwo cowfun, hpo-
ucxonunmuo n fo xo npomn, nahpumop, cnnsannwo c npysinmu. Io
mopo foio kak cofi hamnfu cfanonufcn n honnou mopo nocfyhnou u ho-
noxufoninwo nochomunanun okaswnakfcn pasnokuponannwmu, anfo-
mafunocku usmonnofcn u H-konuohuun knuonfa. posynifafo pac-
muponun nuahasona nofckux nochomunanuu u coofnofcfnykmux acco-
uuauuu y knuonfa honnnnofcn nosmoxnocfi ho-nonomy ouonufi camoio
con kak nononoka, onanakmoio honoxufoninwmu nochomunanunmu,
nosmoxnocfnmu, nunnou ucfopuou u ynymum.
uccouuun
Knuonfw moiyf cnufafi camux con onanakmumu nwpaxonnwmu
cumhfomamu foio unu unoio paccfpoucfna, no n fo xo npomn y nux no
okaswnaofcn camux nochomunanuu o fpanmafunockux cowfunx, nwsnan-
mux fakyk cufyauuk. fakux cnynanx hpucyfcfnykmuo cumhfomw
moxno cnufafi hponnnonunmu nucqynkuuonanino nakohnonnou unqop-
mauuu. Onnako camo ho coo fo hponhonoxonuo nunoio no noannnof
k namum snanunm o hpupono knknonoio fpanmafunockoio cowfun. A
noni hcuxofopahonfw hponhpunumakf ycunun nonco no nnn foio, nfo-
w pykononufi knuonfom unu sanumaficn unfophpofauuou oio nocho-
munanuu (honponoo o fom cm. pasnon o noxnou hamnfu n inano ii).
Hooxonumo nahomnufi, nfo nuccouuafunnwu mafopuan nnnnofcn
ckopoo ncoio unqopmauuou, okasanmoucn nonocfyhnou nnn ocosnana-
nun, hofomy nfo ona xpanufcn n usonuponannou noupocofu n chouu-
qunockou qopmo, ohpononnomou camum fpanmafunockum hopoxunanu-
om. Io mopo hopopaofku fa unqopmauun hponnnnofcn n cosnanuu.
Onnako nusyaninwo opasw nnnnkfcn numi onnum us mnoiux nosmox-
nwx hponnnonuu nucqynkuuonanino xpannmoucn unqopmauuu, u nu-
syaninan hamnfi o cowfuu moxof fak nukoina u no noccfanonuficn.
Ho hcuxofopahonfw, paofakmuo c foxnukou II, onapyxunu, nfo
hpu uspanuu n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun akfyaninwx cumhfomon unu
?
cymocfnykmoio y knuonfa nyncfna cfpaxa, hpumopno 5O hauuonfon
hpuopofakf nosmoxnocfi noccfanonufi nusyaninwu opas nuccouua-
funnoio cowfun. Onnako onoo naxno fo, nfo hponnnnkmuocn n na-
cfonmoo npomn cumhfomw moiyf ocnaonafi u os noccfanonnonun fpan-
mafunockoio opasa. Coancw II-hcuxofopahuu hokasanu, nfo q-
qokfunnan hopopaofka moxof hpoucxonufi nno sanucumocfu of foio,
hpousomno nu nwcnooxnonuo unqopmauuu n nuno hponnnonun hopno-
nananinoio opasa n cosnanuu knuonfa. Ionopn mofaqopunocku, nu-
nookaccofa moxof wfi nochpousnonona na nunoomainufoqono (f.o.
unqopmauun moxof wfi hopopaofana) nno sanucumocfu of foio, nknk-
non nu hpu fom fononusop.
pyiuo qopmw nuccouuauuu moiyf nosnukafi y knuonfa, hoipyxa-
kmoiocn n hpomnwu ohwf hpu ofpoaiuponanuu. Iopohonnnkmuo un-
nununa nyncfna u mouuonaninwo poakuuu, hopoxunaomwo kak cow-
fun, k kofopwm hpuopofaofcn nocfyh, nnnnkfcn nopnwmu hpusnakamu
foio, nfo unqopmauun xpanufcn n hamnfu n nucqynkuuonaninou qop-
mo. Koina unqopmauun ychomno hopopaafwnaofcn, knuonfw nacfo
nocknuuakf: O, fak noni n xo counac :0eci!, honpasymonan, nfo n
yxo no no iofnamo, unu n yxo no n fom cfapom nomo, ino hpousom-
no usnacunonanuo, u nfo n yxo nno ohacnocfu.
Ionnoo ofcyfcfnuo coofnofcfnykmoio aqqokfa, nfo moxof ofmonafi-
cn knuonfom c homomik fakux nwpaxonuu, kak onomonuo, ouoho-
nonuo unu sanokuponannocfi, hpu nocfuxonuu nochomunanun o
fpanmafunockom cowfuu fakxo ykaswnaof na nucqynkuuonaninwu
choco xpanonun unqopmauuu. fux cnynanx knuonf nacfo noccfa-
nannunaof coofnofcfnykmuu aqqokf na nocima nwcokom yponno ocho-
koucfna no npomn nananinwx cfanuu hopopaofku unqopmauuu. kwo
noymocfnwo nuccouuafunnwo qopmw ofpoaiuponanun fo moxof wfi
kak sanwmonnan, fak u sanuxonnan cfohoni poaiuponanun na fpanma-
funockoo cowfuo, moxno cnufafi hpusnakom nanunun sanokuponan-
nwx nochomunanuu, nnnnkmuxcn honxonnmou uonik nnn II-hcu-
xofopahuu.
Hn1crpnpunannau ucnxu1cpaunu
foxnuko II conofakfcn mnoiuo hcuxonoiunockuo honxonw.
Iponnaiaoman namu hapanuima ofkpwnaof nonwo hcuxofopahonfunockuo
nosmoxnocfu, foopofunocku honnopxunan qqokfunnoo hcuxofopahon-
funockoo hpumononuo fux coonunonnwx nmocfo knknonwx nomonfon
ocnonnwx hcuxonoiunockuu honxonon.
fuhunnom O-munyfnom coanco II hcuxofopahonf cmoxof na-
nknafi wcfpwo usmononun, hpoucxonnmuo y knuonfa. Icuxofopahon-
8O
fw, uchonisykmuo hcuxonunamunockuu honxon, ckopoo ncoio ofmofnf
cnoonnwo accouuauuu, kafapcuc, ofpoaiuponanuo, cumnonusm, a fak-
xo mafopuan, cnnsannwu c ucfopuou comiu knuonfa. buxonuopucf y-
nof nanknafi nnnwo hpusnaku oynonun, oomonun, oycnonnonnwo
poakuuu, accouuafunnwu mafopuan u f.h. Icuxofopahonf koinufunnou
opuonfauuu hpoxno ncoio opafuf nnumanuo na hocnononafoninwo us-
mononun koinufunnwx cfpykfyp u yoxnonuu. Iomfanifucf ynof na-
nknafi ycfpanonuo mouuonaninou cfafuku, nfo hosnonuf knuonfy
noino pasnonnfi quiypy u qon. Iauxuancku opuonfuponannwu hcuxo-
fopahonf ynof nanknafi usmononuo qusunockux omymonuu, cnnsan-
nwx c nucqynkuuonaninwm mafopuanom.
o mnoiux ofnomonunx fa cufyauun nahomunaof ucfopuk o cnohwx,
hwfakmuxcn ohucafi cnona. 1of, kfo kacaofcn xnocfa, yfnopxnaof, nfo
cnon hoxox na noponky; hpukocnynmuocn k noio yfnopxnakf, nfo cnon
honoon nopony, a nopxamuu cnona sa xoof ionopuf, nfo on hoxox
na smok. wnon, cnonannwu kaxnwm us nux, ocnonan na qopmo numi
fou nacfu cnona, kofopan nocfyhna ux uccnononanuk. Ho honnfno, nfo
na camom nono fo onun u fof xo cnon. cnynao II mw fakxo na-
nknaom nsaumohopohnofonuo mnoiux nomou, xopomo snakomwx fpanu-
uuonnou hcuxofopahuu, no coonunonnwx noonuno. cymnocfu, nno
sanucumocfu of foio, kakuo fopmunw mw ynom uchonisonafi, omum
no ncox hcuxonoiunockux honxonax nnnnofcn unon o fom, nfo unqopma-
uun xpanufcn n mosio qusuonoiunockum opasom. Ipu akfunusauuu uo-
nufoninoio hpouocca noucfnufonino moxno nanknafi hponnnonuo knk-
nonwx nomonfon onimuncfna hcuxonoiunockux honxonon.
Xofn mononi yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu u hponnaiaof
ynuquuuponannyk foopuk, kofopan moxof paccmafpunaficn kak ocnona
ncox hcuxonoiunockux honxonon, fa mononi ofkpwnaof nonwo hopchok-
funw, ohpononnn hafonoiuk kak nucqynkuuonanino xpannmykcn un-
qopmauuk, kofopan moxof wfi hpanunino accumunuponana c homo-
mik nunamunockou akfunusauuu cucfomw hopopaofku unqopmauuu.
1akum opasom, paofakmomy c foxnukou II hcuxofopahonfy hpon-
naiaofcn nonan poni, hpusnannan chococfnonafi nosnuknononuk ho-
noxufoninoio hcuxofopahonfunockoio qqokfa.
Omuo nuainosw, cnnsannwo c paccfpoucfnamu nunnocfu, nacfo
hpunonnf numi k fomy, nfo knuonf okaswnaofcn, opasno ionopn, kak
w hpukonannwm k oipomnou iopo, kofopyk sanonomo nonosmoxno
cnnunyfi c mocfa. Hchonisonanuo mononu yckoponnou hopopaofku
unqopmauuu n foxnuko II hponhonaiaof, nfo hcuxofopahonf cocpo-
nofonunaofcn na fox xapakfopucfukax, kofopwo ckopoo hopoxnakf ho-
nononnockyk poakuuk n coofnofcfnuu c nuainosom, nom cnyxaf nnn
hocfanonku foio nuainosa. Ofu xapakfopucfuku paccmafpunakfcn kak
8i
hopoxnonun hpomnoio ohwfa, nknknan honpaxanuo ponufonickum
mononnm honononun, honnakmuocn ho fou hpununo usmononunm.
1akum opasom, mupokuu nuahason ohwfa, hpuopofaomoio n nofcfno,
knocfu u nspocnom nospacfo, moxof okasaficn cnnsannwm c fpanmou,
ynynu honnopxonnwm nwswnaomwm hpouonypou II usmononunm,
nahpannonnwm na honoxufoninoo paspomonuo u camoucuononuo.
Mw hponnaiaom kaxnomy hcuxofopahonfy, nno sanucumocfu of oio
foopofunockou opuonfauuu, hponanknafi na hpakfuko qqokfw hpu-
mononun foxnuku II u ofkpwfi nnn con sanono nco, nfo cnufaofcn
ucfunnwm n fom honxono, kofopoio on (unu ona) hpunopxunaofcn.
Onnako mw nacfonfonino conofyom hcuxofopahonfam onymafi hponna-
iaomyk namu mononi hopopaofku unqopmauuu, hpoxno nom hwfaficn
hpoouuponafi na foxnuky II cnou panoo cnoxunmuocn foopofunoc-
kuo honxonw.
Mononi yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu, yconopmoncfnonan-
nwo hpouonypw II u hcuxofopahonfunockuo hpofokonw wnu cosna-
nw c uonik oncnufi u makcumanino ynonunufi hcuxofopahonfunockuu
qqokf II. Iofomy mw conofyom uchonisonafi II na hpakfu-
ko u nohocponcfnonno ynunofi posynifafw hpumononun nannou foxnuku,
u numi hocno foio hwfaficn foopofunocku ohpononnfi oo cymnocfi
(oipanununan fakum opasom camy foxnuky), nonafi oo onoo ynonou nnn
cnooio sapanoo ohponononnoio hcuxofopahonfunockoio honxona. Ofo
hponyhpoxnonuo homoxof hponofnpafufi ymonimonuo honosnoio qqok-
fa of hpumononun foxnuku II, kofopoo nosnukaof hpu ycfanonnonun
fox unu unwx hponnsnfwx oipanunonuu. Hahpumop, nannan foxnuka
unoina ohpononnofcn kak ncoio numi iuhnos, u fakum opasom oo hofon-
uuaninan honisa oipanununaofcn fomu qqokfamu, kofopwo, kak cnu-
faofcn, moiyf hponnuficn hpu iuhnoso. cnu II paccmafpunaofcn
kak ownnan noconcuunusauun, fo hpunuuhuanino naxnan nnn uchoni-
sonanun fou foxnuku nunamuka moxof wfi yhymona hcuxofopahonfom.
cnu xo hosnonufi foxnuko II camocfonfonino ohpononufi cnou
hapamofpw na ocnonanuu nocfuiaomoio hpu oo hpumononuu qqokfa,
fo fo ynof osnanafi, nfo oipanunonun, nanknaomwo n npyiux hcuxo-
fopahonfunockux honxonax, moiyf wfi hpoonononw. 1ak, hpunuuhu-
anino naxnwm nnn honynonun nauonoo honnoio hcuxofopahonfunockoio
qqokfa nnnnofcn nanknonuo sa poakuunmu knuonfa os kakux-nuo sa-
panoo ohponononnwx oipanunonuu. osmoxno, c fonku sponun poani-
nou hpakfuku, foxnuky II nynmo ncoio wno w ohucafi kak unfo-
pakfunnyk u unfopakuuonaninyk unfpahcuxunockyk koinufunno-ho-
nononnockyk fonocno-opuonfuponannyk hcuxofopahuk. Knknonwo
nomonfw kaxnoio us fux honxonon uchonisykfcn n II nnn foio,
nfow nonufi knuonfa kak uonocfnyk nunnocfi.
82
H1urn n nunuu
Mononi yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu hponnaiaofcn kak pa-
onan noupoqusuonoiunockan eunome:u, fak kak cymocfnykmoio na
coionnnmnuu noni honumanun qusuonoiuu mosia nnno nonocfafonno nnn
foio, nfow hponopufi hpanuninocfi fou mononu. Onnako nama mo-
noni ocnonana na nanknaomwx qqokfax hcuxofopahuu, hofomy ona
moxof cnyxufi cnooio pona knununockou kapfou, oncnnn u hponcka-
swnan hcuxofopahonfunockuo qqokfw, naxo ocnu hpu fom nwncnuf-
cn, nfo fo unu unwo noupoqusuonoiunockuo nofanu fou iuhofosw no
nhonno koppokfnw.
Coinacno mononu yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu, cymocfnyof
ocfocfnonnan qusuonoiunockan cucfoma, hponnasnanonnan nnn hpoo-
pasonanun ochokonmux nhonafnonuu c uonik nocfuxonun ux anahfun-
noio paspomonun, u fa cucfoma opuonfuponana na nocfuxonuo hcu-
xonoiunockou unfoipauuu u qusunockoio snoponin. 1panma moxof
napymafi paofy cucfomw hopopaofku unqopmauuu, hofomy unqop-
mauun ynof coxpannficn n qopmo, oycnonnonnou fpanmafunockum
hopoxunanuom, u hpunonufi k hponnnonuk nwpaxonnwx cumhfomon
hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma. 3anokuponannyk cucfomy hopopaofku
unqopmauuu moxno cfumynuponafi pasnunnwmu qusuonoiunockumu
qakfopamu, n fom nucno (i) cfumynuponanuom ponakcauuu, (2) nou-
ponnwm nosyxnonuom, nwswnakmum cnnui n cunahfunockux hofon-
uuanax unu nanonfnocfu pouohfopon, nuo (J) nokofopwmu npyiumu
qynkuunmu nnounou qokycuponku nnumanun hpu hopopaofko unqop-
mauuu. Anifopnafunnwo pasnpaxufonu, fakuo kak hocfykunanuo ho pyko
unu snykonwo cfumynw, fakxo moiyf hpunonufi k qqokfy, honono-
my fomy, kofopwu nosnukaof hpu uchonisonanuu nnuxonuu inas. Co-
inacno namou iuhofoso, uspannan n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun fpan-
mafunockan unqopmauun hpoopasyofcn n kananax accouuafunnou
hamnfu na hpoipoccupykmux cfanunx camoucuononun. Ofo hpoopaso-
nanuo safpaiunaof nco achokfw unqopmauuu opasw, nyncfna u yox-
nonun. Io mopo foio kak unqopmauun hopoxonuf us nucqynkuuonani-
nou qopmw n qynkuuonaninyk, noiafunnwo hponnnonun uspannoio
n kanocfno uonu fpanmafunockoio cowfun cfanonnfcn pacconnnwmu, a
honoxufoninwo hponnnonun onoo npkumu. Kpomo foio, cymocfny-
of ofnocufonino nwcokan noponfnocfi hponnnonun mafopuana, wnmo-
io panoo nuccouuuponannwm, n pasnoninwx nopnnwx cofnx, kofopwo
hocfohonno coonunnkfcn npyi c npyiom no fox hop, hoka no ynof noc-
fuinyfo honoxufoninoo paspomonuo.
bonimuncfno hcuxohafonoiuu moxno cnufafi ocnonannwmu na hpo-
nwnymom xusnonnom ohwfo, choco coxpanonun kofopoio ohpononn-
ofcn camum hopoxufwm cocfonnuom. Accouuafunnan hpupona cofou
hamnfu hosnonnof oomufi honoxufoninwu qqokf hcuxofopahuu nnn
usmononun cymocfnykmoio n nacfonmuu momonf camoouonunanun u
honononun. Kak n fom cnynao, koina xanow knuonfa ofnocnfcn k hocf-
fpanmafunockomy cunnpomy, fak u hpu onoo cnoxnom nuainoso hpo-
opasonanuo unqopmauuu n anahfunnom nahpannonuu moxof wfi noc-
fuinyfo cpannufonino wcfpo c homomik foio qokycuponannoio u
umokmoio qusuonoiunockyk ocnony honxona, kofopwu, nocomnonno,
hpunonuf k pasnokuponanuk kak cucfomw hopopaofku unqopmauuu,
fak u hamnfu knuonfa.
co nomonfw ocnonnwx hcuxonoiunockux honxonon coonunnkfcn
noonuno n unfoipuponannom honxono II-hcuxofopahuu. Onnako mw
hponyhpoxnaom hcuxofopahonfon o nooxonumocfu hponnnnfi iukocfi,
uchonisyn hponnaiaomyk namu mononi kak knununockyk kapfy, nak-
myk nosmoxnocfi omupnwx hcuxonoiunockux usmononuu, nocfuiao-
mwx c noownaunou wcfpofou. Iofomy ononunno, nfo xonakmomy
paofafi c foxnukou II nooxonumo umofi coofnofcfnykmuo opa-
sonanuo u knanuqukauuk, fak kak fa foxnuka ynof qqokfunnou numi
n fom cnynao, ocnu uchonisykmuu oo hcuxofopahonf hpunnonof noci
cnou hponwnymuu knununockuu ohwf u hpoqoccuonanusm.
84
J. KOMHOHHTb
H-HCHXOTAHHH
H OCHO8Hb O44KTb
cnu nw cfpoufo nosnymnwo samku, nama paofa
nukoina no ynof nahpacnou fu samku naxonnfcn
umonno fam, ino onu u nonxnw wfi. A fohopi hohpo-
yufo honnocfu hon nux ocnonanuo.
1enpu ,:ou0 Jopo
hopnou nacfu nannou inanw mw uccnonyom ohponononuo uonu
(hponmofa) hcuxofopahonfunockoio nosnoucfnun u ohumom ocnonnwo
komhononfw hpouonypw II. Ofu komhononfw nknknakf n con
opas, ofpuuafoninwo u honoxufoninwo hponcfannonun, mouuu,
qusunockuo omymonun, a fakxo mouuonaninwo u koinufunnwo ouo-
nonnwo mkanw: Hkany cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna (HCb)
u Hkany coofnofcfnun hponcfannonun (HCI). 3afom ynyf ohucanw
camu nnuxonun inas u anifopnafunnwo cfumynw. Iocno foio mw cno-
naom osop nocimu cfanuu II-hcuxofopahuu: usynonuo ucfopuu
onosnu u hnanuponanuo hcuxofopahuu, honiofonka, ouonunanuo,
noconcuunusauun, uncfannnuun, ckanuponanuo fona, sanopmonuo u
hopoouonka. 3afom mw ocynum nokofopwo knununockuo qqokfw oh-
ponononun uonu nosnoucfnun u fuhunnwo hopoxunanun knuonfon no
npomn hpouonypw II.
Ocnunnuc kuvuuncn1u upuucypu H
Oqqokfunnan hopopaofka no npomn II-hcuxofopahuu sanucuf of
hpanuninoio ohponononun uonu u hponmofa nosnoucfnun. cnu uchoni-
sykfcn nohpanunino uspannwo uonu (unu xo nohpanunino ohpononn-
kfcn nooxonumwo komhononfw hpouonypw), fo honoxufoninwu hcu-
xofopahonfunockuu qqokf moxof wfi munumaninwm. Ipu paofo c
knuonfamu, hopoxunmumu fpanmy cokcyaninoio nacunun, hpanunino
uspannwo uonu nosnoucfnun moiyf nknknafi n con pannuo nofckuo
nochomunanun unu nonannuo cowfun, nwswnakmuo ochokoucfno, a
85
fakxo noopaxaomwo cowfun, nknknakmuo n con ohucanuo ynymo-
io honononun. cnu poni unof o hcuxofopahuu ofnocufonino nocnox-
nwx cnynaon, nahpumop, o paofo c xopfnamu ownnoio hocffpan-
mafunockoio cunnpoma, hopoxunmumu nonannoo fpanmafunockoo
cowfuo fuha cfuxuunoio oncfnun, fo n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun
nooxonumo usupafi hpocfo nochomunanuo o cowfuu.
no sanucumocfu of nucna knununockux achokfon, fpoykmux ho-
popaofku, kaxnan uoni nosnoucfnun nonxna wfi ohucana u hopopa-
ofana no konua. Ofu uonu nosnoucfnun nnnnkfcn cnooio pona cfpou-
foninwmu nokamu II-hcuxofopahuu u sacnyxunakf ocooio
nnumanun. Ionnoo ohucanuo uonu nosnoucfnun homoiaof knuonfy u hcu-
xofopahonfy nynmo honnfi konfokcf fpanmw u oo konquiypauuk (f.o.
nco nofanu, us kofopwx cnaiaofcn cama fpanma u poakuun na noo); po-
synifafom ynof yckoponuo hpouocca hopopaofku. Hauonoo honosnwo
komhononfw hcuxofopahuu kapfuna cowfun, ofpuuafoninoo u ho-
noxufoninoo camohponcfannonuo, mouuu u cnnsannwu c numu ypononi
ochokoucfna, a fakxo qusunockuo omymonun. nn nanana II-
hcuxofopahuu, hpoxoxnonun hopopaofku fpanmafunockou unqopmauuu
u sanopmonun hpouocca nooxonumo nofko ohpononufi nannwo achokfw
hponmofa nosnoucfnun. anaufo honponoo paccmofpum kaxnwu us fux
achokfon.
Obpu1
Icuxofopahonf moxof hponnoxufi knuonfy nymafi o fpanmafunockom
cowfuu u safom cocponofonuficn na opaso, hponcfannnkmom nuo noci
unuunonf, nuo nauonoo fpanmupykmuo oio nacfu. Ipu fom no umoof
ocooio snanonun, nackoniko ofnofnunwm ynof fof opas. Ownno
y knuonfon nosnukaof nononino pasmwfwu opas nuo qpaimonfapnoo
nunonuo cowfun. Honi cocfouf n fom, nfow ycfanonufi cnnsi moxny
cosnanuom u fou onacfik mosia, n kofopou xpanufcn fpanmafunockan
unqopmauun.
Ompuumeaonoe cumonpe0cmuoaenue
3afom knuonfy hponnaiakf ohpononufi yfnopxnonun, xapakfopnwo nnn
ofpuuafoninoio camohponcfannonun, noxamoio n ocnono noanoknafnou
camoouonku, cnnsannou c opasom fpanmafunockoio cowfun. 1akuo
nwckaswnanun mw naswnaom ofpuuafoninwm camohponcfannonuom. 1op-
mun cu+onpe0cmuo:enue nacfo hpumonnofcn nnn ohponononun ncox cosna-
86
foninwx pohposonfauuu ohwfa; n II-hcuxofopahuu mw uchonisyom
oio nnn oosnanonun yoxnonuu unu ouonok knuonfa. Camohponcfan-
nonuo nnnnofcn cymocfnykmou y knuonfa n nacfonmoo npomn unmepnpe-
muuueu camoio con, ofnunakmoucn of hpocfoio ohucanun. Kak un-
fophpofauun, ofpuuafoninoo camohponcfannonuo ofnonaof na nohpoc:
Kakonw mou hponcfannonun, cnnsannwo c fpanmafunockum cowfuom
u cnuxakmuo mok camoouonky. Ofpuuafoninoo camohponcfannonuo
nknknaof n con yoxnonun fuha H hnox, no sacnyxunak ynaxonun u
no chocoon hpoychofi. 2opfna usnacunonanun, oinnnwnanci nasan
na fpanmafunockoo cowfuo u ionopn: H wna occunina cnonafi nfo-
nuo unu H wna nahyiana, no hponnaiaof nukakoio noiafunnoio ca-
mohponcfannonun. Ofo hpocfo yfnopxnonuo o cnopmunmomcn qakfo, oio
ohucanuo. II no moxof hopopaofafi fakoo yfnopxnonuo, hockoniky
qqokfunna foniko hpu paofo c noanoknafnwm ohucanuom fpanmafu-
nockoio hpoucmocfnun. Koina xo ohucanuo fonno, fo qqokf hopopa-
ofku hpakfunocku no nanknaofcn. Ipumop ofpuuafoninoio camohpon-
cfannonun, honxonnmoio nnn xopfnw usnacunonanun, moi w wfi
fakum: leuuuc n occunina. 1akoo yfnopxnonuo ykaswnaof na nyncfna
hauuonfku ho ofnomonuk k camou coo n nacfonmuu momonf, f.o. koina
ona pacckaswnaof o fpanmo usnacunonanun. Koina fpanmafunockoo noc-
homunanuo akfunupyofcn, hponnnnkfcn nakohnonnwo nucqynkuuonani-
nwm opasom mouuu u ofpuuafoninoo camohponcfannonuo cnyxuf nnn
akuonfuponanun oio snanumocfu. Yfnopxnonuo Counac n occunina
no nnnnofcn hpuomnomwm nnn knuonfku u nocuf nucqynkuuonaninwu
xapakfop (fak kak n nacfonmuu momonf nnn noo nof nukakou ohacnocfu
unu yiposw). fom cnynao nnn hopopaofku moxof wfi uchonisona-
na foxnuka II.
nn nuu, hopoxunmux cokcyaninoo nacunuo, nokofopwo honxonn-
muo ofpuuafoninwo camohponcfannonun moiyf nknknafi n con nwcka-
swnanun: H ocknopnona u no moiy fak xufi nanimo, H occunina
u H no sacnyxunak nknu, u hofomy y monn oo no ynof. Ofmofum
cnonykmuo xapakfopucfuku fakux ofpuuafoninwx camohponcfannonuu:
nco onu ofnocnfcn k fuhy n yfnopxnak; nco nwpaxonw n nacfonmom
npomonu u nknknakf n con ofpuuafoninwo cnoucfna, nosnukmuo us-
sa ynacfun knuonfa (hycfi naxo nwnyxnonnoio) n fpanmafunockom co-
wfuu. 1akuo yfnopxnonun nnnnkfcn nopnwmu hpusnakamu hafonoiuu.
Ionono opasy, ofpuuafoninwo camoyfnopxnonun cnnsanw c nucqyn-
kuuonaninwm mafopuanom, nyxnakmumcn n hopopaofko.
Ofpuuafoninwo camohponcfannonun moxno ohpononufi kak noiafun-
nyk camoouonky, kofopyk xopfnw fpanmafunockoio cowfun nakf coo
n nacfonmoo npomn. Koina y knuonfa hponnnnofcn hamnfi o fpanmafu-
nockom cowfuu, hpoucxonunmom, moxof wfi, mnoio nof nasan,
hcuxofopahonf nonxon ohpononufi, kakou ypononi cyokfunnoio oc-
8?
hokoucfna uchwfwnaof counac hauuonf. On moxof hpononxafi noanok-
nafno nymafi o coo u cnoom ynacfuu n fpanmafunockom cowfuu (c nyn-
cfnamu camoonunonun, ochomomnocfu, occunun unu camoynuxon-
nocfu), nomoncfpupyn, nfo oio nochomunanun no nocfuinu honoxu-
foninoio paspomonun. Koina y xopfnw usnacunonanun nchnwnaof n
hamnfu cuona usnacunonanun u knuonfka hpu fom yfnopxnaof: H oc-
cunina, H ocknopnona unu H nonocfouna, fo fu nwckaswnanun
nnnnkfcn unfophpofauunmu n ofnomonuu con, cnonannwmu n nacfo-
nmoo npomn. Iockoniky onu hponcfannnkf noymocfnwo (f.o., ookfun-
no ionopn, nohpanuninwo) noiafunnwo yoxnonun, fo n hopnyk ono-
poni moiyf usupaficn n kanocfno uonou nnn II-hcuxofopahuu.
Knununockuo nanknonun hokaswnakf, u n xofona w fo honnop-
knyfi, nfo II-hcuxofopahun ofnkni no hpunonuf k qanicuquuupo-
nanuk knuonfom cocfnonnou ucfopuu. Hcfunnwo ofpuuafoninwo ca-
mohponcfannonun no ynyf usmonnficn. Iofomy foxnuka II no
moxof wfi uchonisonana nnn ycfpanonun anoknafnwx ofpuuafoninwx
hponcfannonuu unu nnn nnymonun kakux-nuo noxnwx hponcfannonuu.
Ofof qonomon wn nhopnwo ofmonon n cnynao c onnou us knuonfok
II-hcuxofopahuu, cfanmou xopfnou usnacunonanun. o ofpuuafoni-
noo camohponcfannonuo n nacfonmoo npomn wno: H uchwfwnak nyn-
cfno nunw. o npomn hcuxofopahonfunockoio coanca fo camohponcfan-
nonuo cfanonunoci nco onoo coofnofcfnykmum noucfnufoninomy
honoxonuk nomou, no ymonimanci hpu fom. Koina mw nananu sana-
nafi knuonfko nohpocw, ona hpusnanaci, nfo ionopuna nohpanny ho-
nuuuu o noucfnufoninwx honponocfnx hpoucxonunmoio cowfun. Cno-
nonafonino, ona i:u nunonna no nxu. 3afom fo nonoo, nckpwfoo no
npomn hcuxofopahuu ofpuuafoninoo camohponcfannonuo wno uchoni-
sonano n kanocfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun.
Ofmofum omo pas, nfo ofpuuafoninoo camohponcfannonuo nocuno
xapakfop unfophpofauuu (Hfo-fo co mnou no n hopnnko), a no hpo-
cfo ohucanun (Mafi no nkuna monn). cnu hocnonnoo yfnopxnonuo
noucfnufonino chpanonnuno, kak fo moxof wfi n cnynao c mafopik-
hcuxofukom, umokmou canucfckuo naknonnocfu, fo, kak hokaswna-
kf nanknonun, fakoo hponcfannonuo noucfnufonino no moxof wfi
hopopaofano c homomik II. Ionufonu, nohyckanmuo n cnoo npo-
mn snoyhofpononun ho ofnomonuk k nofnm, yxo nukak no moiyf hpo-
npafuficn n nopwx u saofnunwx ponufonou. Onnako nosnukmoo n po-
synifafo fakux snoyhofpononuu ofpuuafoninoo ofnomonuo k coo (Co
mnou nfo-fo no n hopnnko) moxof wfi hopopaofano, u foina hafo-
noiun knuonfa ynof usnonona. Xofn n nofckom nospacfo knuonfka moi-
na onunnfi con sa fo, nfo ou no xnafano mafopunckou nknu, fa
cufyauun wna u ocfaofcn noanoknafnou, hponcfannnn coou noucfnu-
fonino honxonnmyk uoni nnn hopopaofku. Omoo ofpuuafoninoo hpon-
88
cfannonuo, nacfo uchonisyomoo xopfnamu nofckux oun: H no nocfoun
nknu.
Hokofopwm knuonfam wnaof fpynno naufu y con ofpuuafoninoo
hponcfannonuo. Icuxofopahonf moxof hponnoxufi fakomy knuonfy chu-
cok anifopnafunnwx ofpuuafoninwx hponcfannonuu, nfow homoni nyn-
mo honnfi camy unok ofpuuafoninoio hponcfannonun. Onnako naxno,
nfow fu hponnoxonun nananuci n mnikou manopo, os okasanun ka-
koio-nuo nannonun, ocfannnn cnoony nwopa. Ipunuuhuanino nax-
no u fo, nfo fakoo hponcfannonuo ocnonwnaofcn na cocfnonnom ohw-
fo knuonfa u no nnnnofcn kakou-fo uckyccfnonnou koncfpykuuou
hcuxofopahonfa.
cnu knuonfy fpynno nwpasufi cnonamu ofpuuafoninoo camohponcfan-
nonuo, fo omy nooxonumo hponnoxufi nockoniko hpumopon, kofopwo
hponcfannnkfcn hcuxofopahonfy hpuomnomwmu.
Mno nano wno w nfo-fo hponhpunnfi.
H occunon.
H no konfponupyk con.
H nonak nfo-fo hnoxoo.
H nunfoxocfno.
Co mnou nfo-fo no n hopnnko.
H hnoxou nononok.
H hokunyf.
H nonocfoun nknu
H no moiy hpoychofi.
Ofoxnocfnnonuo c fom unu unwm ofpuuafoninwm camohponcfanno-
nuom homoiaof knuonfy onoo honno ocosnafi uppauuonaninocfi foio
hponcfannonun, ohpononnof hpununy oio nosnuknononun u chococfnyof
hponnnonuk nucqynkuuonaninou unqopmauuu, nyxnakmoucn n hopo-
paofko. bonoo honnwu chucok ofpuuafoninwx u honoxufoninwx hpon-
cfannonuu hpunonufcn n hpunoxonuu I.
Hoaoumeaonoe cumonpe0cmuoaenue
Iocno ohponononun ofpuuafoninoio camohponcfannonun, cnnsannoio
c hponmofom nosnoucfnun, cnonykmum maiom n coanco II-hcuxo-
fopahuu ynof ohponononuo xonaomoio honoxufoninoio camohponcfan-
nonun u ouonunanuo oio ho comuanninou mkano coofnofcfnun hponcfan-
nonuu, ino i honnocfik no coofnofcfnyof, a ? honnocfik
coofnofcfnyof. Ofo ouonunanuo ocnonano no na ohponononuu knuon-
fom noucfnufoninou ucfunnocfu foio unu unoio camohponcfannonun,
a na yonufoninocfu nochpunfun foio hponcfannonun um camum. axo
8
naxonnci n cocfonnuu mouuonaninoio samomafonicfna, knuonf nacfo
ocosnaof, nfo on 0o:en nopufi no nfo-fo xopomoo. Iofomy hcuxofo-
pahonfy nooxonumo hponnoxufi knuonfy coomafi o cnoou poakuuu,
nosnukakmou na unfyufunnom yponno, ionopufi o fom, nfo on nyn-
cfnyof nyfpom. 1ak, nahpumop, knuonfka, cfanman xopfnou usnacu-
nonanun, moxof ocosnanafi, nfo usnacunonanuo no nnnnofcn oo hpo-
cfyhkom, onnako hpu fom ona nco panno ynof uchwfwnafi nyncfno
nunw. Iofomy honoxufoninoo camoofnomonuo H xopomuu nononok
fakan knuonfka moxof hopnonananino ouonufi ncoio n 4 anna ho mka-
no coofnofcfnun hponcfannonuu.
Honi ofoxnocfnnonun xonaomoio honoxufoninoio camohponcfanno-
nun cocfouf n fom, nfow ohpononufi nooxonumoo nahpannonuo hcu-
xofopahonfunockou paofw, hpousnonn cfumynuponanuo coofnofcfnyk-
mux nopnnwx cofou, nfo naof hcuxofopahonfy u knuonfy ocnony nnn
conmocfnou paofw, na kofopyk ynof ohupaficn naninoumuu ychox
hpouocca nononun. Kpomo foio, unonfuqukauun honoxufoninoio ca-
mohponcfannonun hopon nananom hopopaofku naof nosmoxnocfi uchoni-
sonafi coofnofcfnykmoo fomy camohponcfannonuk nwckaswnanuo nnn
wcfpou uncfannnuuu (cfanun uncfannnuuu cpasy xo hopoxonuf n cfa-
nuk noconcuunusauuu, u hofomy mw ohumom oo snoci numi kpafko),
ocnu n xono hcuxofopahuu no cqopmuponanoci kakoo-nuo unoo, onoo
honxonnmoo nnn fou uonu nwckaswnanuo.
Coomonun hcuxofopahonfon, paofakmux c foxnukou II, ho-
kaswnakf, nfo ocnu honoxufoninoo camohponcfannonuo knuonfa nnnn-
ofcn noymocfnwm unu noxonafoninwm, fo fo ynof hpopwnafi hpouocc
hopopaofku unqopmauuu. hononwx cnynanx knuonf ownno hwfa-
ofcn unkophopuponafi fo unu unwo qopmw hpunnfun xonaomoio sa nou-
cfnufoninoo. Onnako xonaomwo, no nopoanucfunockuo honoxufoninwo
camohponcfannonun no moiyf wfi nknknonw n cucfomy yoxnonuu knu-
onfa. Onnum us hpusnakon fakou cufyauuu nnnnofcn nananinan ouon-
ka ho Hkano coofnofcfnun hponcfannonuu n i ann (honnocfik no
coofnofcfnyof) ownno ona cnunofonicfnyof o fom, nfo xonaomoo
camohponcfannonuo nopoanucfunno u no moxof cqopmuponaficn.
kanocfno hpumopa opafumcn k ucfopuu onnou knuonfku, usnacunonan-
nou cnoum paofonafonom. 2onaomwm camohponcfannonuom nnn knuon-
fku wno H cmoiy nafi ofhop. 1akoo hponcfannonuo kasanoci nhonno
posonnwm nnn hcuxofopahonfa, paofanmoio c fou knuonfkou, no
hopnonananinoo ouonunanuo fo nwckaswnanun ho Hkano coofnofcfnun
hponcfannonuu no usmonnnoci u no ynonununoci na hpofnxonuu coanca
II. Icuxofopahonf sanan knuonfko nohpoc: Kak nw nymaofo, nfo
momaof fomy, nfow hponcfannonuo o choconocfu nafi ofhop wno ouo-
nono n comi annon Knuonfka ofnofuna: Y noio (nacuninuka) pocf
nna mofpa u noc cfo hnfinocnf kunoipammon. H xofn knuonfka, pocf
O
kofopou wn nomnoium onoo honyfopa mofpon, sanumanaci nocfonnwmu
oonwmu uckyccfnamu, oo yfnopxnonuo H cmoiy nafi ofhop (nochpu-
numaomoo yknanino) wno conopmonno nopoanucfunnwm u okasanoci
noymocfnwm n kanocfno honoxufoninoio camohponcfannonun.
Koina hpoucxonuf qopmuponanuo honoxufoninoio camohponcfanno-
nun, knuonfy nooxonumo hponnoxufi ho nosmoxnocfu namo uchoni-
sonafi nwpaxonuo H yfnopxnak, kofopoo ycfanannunaof cnnsi c nnyf-
ponnou onacfik konfponn. Knuonfw nacfo hponnaiakf yfnopxnonun,
kofopwo c camoio nanana okaswnakfcn sa hpononamu ux konfponn, na-
hpumop: On ynof nkufi monn unu Onu nanyf mno fo, nfo n xony.
Iponnaiaufo knuonfy honxonnmuo hpumopw, nfow hopoopuonfuponafi
oio of nopoanucfunnwx yfnopxnonuu, hokaswnan noanoknafnocfi sann-
nonuu fuha Mou nofu nukoina no hpununnf mno oni. Ionxonnmuo
honoxufoninwo yfnopxnonun, fakuo kak H moiy chpanuficn c cufya-
uuou, H moiy nopufi coo unu xo H moiy noucfnonafi c honnou of-
nofcfnonnocfik, hponnaiakf knuonfy hopocmofpofi u hopoouonufi cnou
nosmoxnocfu. Ionnfno, nfo n yfnopxnonuu H nocfouna nknu nnn
knuonfku onimo snanumocfu, nom n cnonax On ynof nkufi monn.
Onnako ononunno, nfo knuonfw no umokf poaninoio konfponn nan
mwcnnmu u noucfnunmu npyiux nknou. Honi ycfanonnonun honoxufoni-
noio camohponcfannonun cocfouf n fom, nfow nafi knuonfy choco-
nocfi yfnopnufi nyncfno cocfnonnoio nocfouncfna u ypannonomonno-
cfu nno sanucumocfu of nosnoucfnun nnomnux cun, a no ykpwnaficn sa
cnoumu hohwfkamu pauuonaninoio oncnonun unu nanoxnamu na noo-
hponononnoo ynymoo.
Hnoina camo honoxufoninoo yfnopxnonuo, kofopoo moxof wfi
hponcfannono nhonno posonnwm opasom, nohnomaofcn n nwpaxonunm
fuha Hy fo yx cnumkom!, H cnonan nynmoo us foio, nfo moi unu
Counac y monn ocfi nosmoxnocfi nwopa. ocoonnocfu fo moxof
wfi chpanonnuno n cnynao nyncfna nunw y hpocfyhnuka, koina nco, nfo
moxof ckasafi knuonf, fo qpasw fuha 1ohopi fo nco n hpomnom
unu H mnoiomy cmoi naynuficn us foio. fakux cnynanx hpoucxo-
nuf hpusnanuo nooxonumou cfohonu ofnofcfnonnocfu sa cowfun hpo-
mnoio, a akuonf cmomaofcn na nwnomnuo u ynymuo noucfnun. Xofn
coomonun paofakmux c II hcuxofopahonfon hokaswnakf, nfo fa
foxnuka no moxof ckpwnafi unu qanicuquuuponafi ymocfnwo unu uc-
funnwo hponcfannonun, nnunnuo hpoucxonunmux n hpomnom cowfuu
moxof wfi ycfpanono, us nux moiyf wfi usnnononw ohponononnwo
ypoku, a knuonf honynuf nosmoxnocfi ocnoonuficn of ofpuuafonino-
io aqqokfa, hpohnfcfnonanmoio conopmonuk honoxufoninwx cowfuu
n ynymom.
Iomomi knuonfy n ohponononuu honoxufoninwx hponcfannonuu nn-
nnofcn naxnwm maiom k nwsnoponnonuk. osmoxnocfi anifopnafun-
i
noio nsinnna na fpanmafunockoo cowfuo naof nanoxny na chaconuo of
onosnonnwx camoonunonuu, u fakoio pona nonfoninocfi honosna hpu
nkwx qopmax hcuxofopahuu. Onnako ho mopo hpononxonun coanca
honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo, unonfuquuuponannoo knuonfom, mo-
xof wfi nwfocnono npyium, onoo honxonnmum n nannom cnynao.
oucfnufonino, nacfo hpu II-hcuxofopahuu ho mopo hopopaofku
nucqynkuuonaninoio mafopuana nosnukaof nonoo, onoo honosnoo ho-
noxufoninoo hponcfannonuo. Icuxofopahonf nonxon ocoonno ofmofufi
hponhonufaomoo hponcfannonuo u, koina fo nosmoxno, yfnopnufi oio,
uchonisyn cocfnonnwo cnona knuonfa. Hahpumop, knuonf moxof na-
nafi coanc c yfnopxnonun H moiy nocfuni ychoxa. o npomn hopopa-
ofku knuonf ocosnaof, nfo on no foniko yxo nocfui ychoxa n pomo-
nuu mnoiux sanan, kofopwo cfanun hopon coou, no u nfo nof
nooxonumocfu honnocfik ofoxnocfnnnfi con co cnoou paofou. 1a-
kum opasom, knuonf moxof sanopmufi coanc c onoo omum honoxu-
foninwm hponcfannonuom H hpokpacnwu nononok. Ofo nfopoo hpon-
cfannonuo nnno onanaof nnn knuonfa onimou cunou, nom hopnoo, u
ono moxof wfi ocosnano na cfanuu uncfannnuuu.
pomonamu knuonfy wnaof nooxonuma homomi n qopmynuponanuu
honoxufoninoio hponcfannonun. cnu omy fpynno nwpasufi cnonamu
cnoo camohponcfannonuo, honymaufo, no honxonuf nu k oio cnynak
kakoo-nuo hponcfannonuo us hpunonumoio chucka.
H cnonan nynmoo us foio, nfo moi.
Ofo nco yxo n hpomnom.
H mnoiomy naynuncn us hpoucxonunmoio.
H konfponupyk con.
H chocoon wfi nkumwm.
H xopomuu nononok.
Counac y monn ocfi nwop.
H moiy nocfuni ychoxa.
H moiy chpanuficn c fum.
Counac n n osohacnocfu.
Ipu qopmuponanuu honoxufoninoio camohponcfannonun usoiaufo
uchonisonafi nacfuuy no (H nohnoxou nononok, H no occunon).
Honi hcuxofopahonfa hpu fom cocfouf n fom, nfow homoni knuonfy n
honoxufoninou hopoopuonfauuu camoio con. Honan H-konuohuun
nonxna wfi ocnonana na makcumanino nosmoxnom nnn knuonfa hono-
xufoninom ofnomonuu k coo. Hchonisonanuo nacfuuw no momaof
cosnanuk honnocfik honoxufoninou xapakfopucfuku. Iofomy qpasa
H cuninwu onanaof nnno onimum fopahonfunockum hofonuuanom,
nom qpasa H no occunon. Iononwm xo opasom qpasa H xopomuu
nononok onoo honosna, nom H nohnoxou nononok. Onnako moiyf
2
wfi u ucknknonun. Hahpumop, nnn nuu, hopoxunmux n nofcfno xo-
cfokoo opamonuo u ockopnonun, hopnonananino moxof wfi onoo
honosnwm honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo: H no nocy ofnofcfnonnocfu
sa noucfnun cnoou mafopu. Ipu hocnonykmux coancax II-hcuxofo-
pahuu qokyc moxof wfi cmomon na onoo nunnocfnwo yfnopxnonun.
Iocno foio kak nucqynkuuonaninwu mafopuan, xpannmuucn n ha-
mnfu, ynof hopopaofan, honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo cfanof cnn-
sannwm c unqopmauuou, panoo nwswnanmou ochokoucfno. Ofo hpo-
ucxonuf na cfanuu uncfannnuuu. Ionopn unwmu cnonamu, mw nno-
num honoxufoninoo camohponcfannonuo n cofi hamnfu, conopxamyk n
coo fpanmafunockuu mafopuan, uspannwu n kanocfno uonu hcuxofo-
pahonfunockoio nosnoucfnun. Koina fo cnonano, honnnnofcn nosmox-
nocfi ionopanusonafi, f.o. oomufi honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo na
nck cofi hamnfu, pachpocfpanun oio u na noci npyiou, accouuafunno
cnnsannwu c fum ohwf. naninoumom, ho mopo hopopaofku unqop-
mauuu, ona ynof honnnnficn n cosnanuu c hpoonananuom honoxu-
foninoio hponcfannonun. Ycfanonnonuo fakou cnnsu hosnonnof ncou un-
qopmauuu, ofnocnmoucn k honoxufoninomy posynifafy, ycfanonufi
cnnsi c mafopuanom, wnmum panoo fpanmafunockum. 1akoo cnnswna-
nuo nopnnwx cofou paccmafpunaofcn n namou mononu kak hopnwu po-
synifaf ychomnocfu hopopaofku fpanmafunockou unqopmauuu.
Icuxofopahonfy nooxonumo okasafi homomi knuonfy n nopanusa-
uuu honoxufoninoio camohponcfannonun, kofopoo safom moxof wfi
oomono u pachpocfpanono na onoo mupokuu nuahason nucqynkuu-
onaninoio mafopuana, nfo naof onimuo hpoumymocfna n ynymou no-
nfoninocfu. Hacfo wnaof fak, nfo nom monoo chouuqunockumu nnnn-
kfcn hponcfannonun, fom onimuo y nux mancw na ychomnyk ionopa-
nusauuk. Hahpumop, ocnu knuonf hopopaafwnaof fpanmafunockoo
nochomunanuo o hanonuu c nocfnuuw, noiafunnoo camohponcfannonuo
moxof hponnnnficn n nuno yfnopxnonun H noynannuk, a honoxufoni-
noo camohponcfannonuo H moiy nocfuni ychoxa. Onnako hponcfan-
nonuo H moiy ncoina ychomno chpannnficn c honomom na nkwo no-
cfnuuw nnnnofcn nnno noanoknafnwm, hockoniky fo yfnopxnonuo
pachpocfpannno w qqokf ionopanusauuu foniko na cufyauuu, cnn-
sannwo c honomom ho nocfnuuo. pyioo noanoknafnoo honoxufoninoo
hponcfannonuo hponnunoci n cnynao c knuonfkou, hopopaafwnanmou
nochomunanuo o fom, kak ona sacnyna n omocfnonnom mocfo u yhana
co cfyna. Mw ofionopunu oo of uchonisonanun yfnopxnonun Ofo moi-
no w hpousoufu c kaxnwm, hockoniky fakoo yfnopxnonuo, xofn u
coofnofcfnonano hopnonananinomy cowfuk, no honkpohnnno honoxu-
foninyk camoouonky n fom cnynao, ocnu w hauuonfka ohnfi sacnyna
u yhana. Ycunonuo camoio con n cufyauunx nosmoxnwx ynymux co-
wfuu nonxno nknknaficn n honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo ncoina,
koina foniko nosmoxno.
J
Omouu u co10uouemmu umu ypooeno becnououcmou
Hfow knuonf cmoi nwpasufi uchwfwnaomwo um mouuu, omy hpon-
naiaofcn ynopxunafi n ymo kapfuny nochomunanun u ofpuuafoninoo ca-
mohponcfannonuo, a fakxo ouonunafi fo, nfo on nyncfnyof, ho Hkano
cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna. Icuxofopahonf moxof no comno-
naficn, nfo knuonf no cfanof coomafi o yponno nucfpocca, uchwfw-
naomoio um nohocponcfnonno n momonf hopoxunanun. Honik II-
hcuxofopahuu nnnnofcn hopopaofka nucqynkuuonaninou unqopmauuu.
Xofn c knuonfom moino hpoucxonufi mnoio nomou, wnmux nnn noio
hopnonananino fpanmafunockumu, nanoko no nco us hpoucxonunmux
cowfuu hpononxakf nwswnafi akfunnwu nucfpocc. Hokofopwo unnu-
nunw chonfanno chpannnkfcn c nochomunanunmu o fakux cowfunx c
homomik ocfocfnonnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu u nocfuiakf fakum
opasom anahfunnoio paspomonun. 1oniko foina, koina hpomnoo co-
wfuo ocfaofcn nopaspomonnwm, ono moxof wfi uspano n kanocfno
uonu hcuxofopahuu. onimuncfno cnynaon hpusnakom nanunun no-
paspomonnoio mafopuana nnnnofcn snanufoninwu ypononi mouuonani-
noio ochokoucfna.
Iocno foio kak knuonf ouonunaof cnou ypononi mouuonaninoio
ochokoucfna ho Hkano cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna, hcuxo-
fopahonf moxof ohpononufi, kakuo umonno nochomunanun ynyf uspa-
nw n kanocfno uonu. Koina paspaafwnaofcn hnan nononun, hcuxofo-
pahonf moxof nwnonufi hpoonanakmoo noiafunnoo yoxnonuo,
nahpumop hponcfannonuo H hokunyf, hponnaian safom knuonfy cka-
nuponafi cnou pannuo nochomunanun, nfow onapyxufi nkwo cnn-
sannwo c fum hponcfannonuom cowfun, kofopwo moiyf wfi ouono-
nw n 5 annon unu nwmo ho Hkano cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna.
1akuo nochomunanun moiyf cfafi hpokpacnwmu hopnonananinwmu uo-
nnmu nnn hopopaofku.
Icuxofopahonf nonxon hosaofuficn o ohponononuu foio, kakuo
umonno mouuu ouonunaof hauuonf. Knuonfy, coomakmomy o hono-
xufoninwx mouunx hpu ouonunanuu cnoux hopoxunanuu ho Hkano
cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna, cnonyof nahomnufi, nfo fa mkana
uchonisyofcn foniko nnn ouonunanun ochokonmux mouuu. Mnoioo-
pasuo mouuu, nosnukakmux no npomn hopopaofku unqopmauuu, hpu-
naof ocoyk naxnocfi fomy, nfow knuonf cmoi honopafi nnn nux
honxonnmuo nasnanun. Ipu uchonisonanuu Hkanw cyokfunnwx onu-
nuu ochokoucfna knuonf moxof coomafi o ofcyfcfnuu usmononuu n
cfohonu unfoncunnocfu ochokoucfna, xofn camu mouuu hpu fom
kanocfnonno usmonnkfcn. 1ak, nahpumop, inon moxof cmonuficn nyn-
cfnom nunw, no knuonf ynof ouonunafi cnoo cocfonnuo ho Hkano
cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna fak xo, kak u panimo. Icuxofo-
4
pahonfy nooxonumo snafi, kakuo mouuu honnopianuci ouonko, nfo-
w hponnufi coofnofcfnykmyk poakuuk u honnopxky, a fakxo nnn yno-
ponnocfu n fom, nfo hpouocc noucfnufonino hpoucxonuf.
Hu1unecuue oyenun
Knununockuu ohwf ykaswnaof na fo, nfo qusunockuo omymonun,
nosnukakmuo hpu konuonfpauuu knuonfa na fpanmafunockom nochomu-
nanuu, nnnnkfcn nocima honosnou fonkou qokycuponanun hcuxofopa-
honfunockoio nosnoucfnun. Ofu omymonun moiyf wfi cnnsanw c mo-
uuonaninwm nahpnxonuom, hponnnnkmumcn, nahpumop, n nahpnxo-
nuu mwmu mou unu n ynamonuu copnonnoio pufma. pyiuo qusunoc-
kuo omymonun moiyf wfi nacfik concopnoio hopoxunanun camou fpan-
mw, uspannou n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun nahpumop, omymonuo
cxumakmux nac pyk hpocfyhnuka. wpaxonnwo qusunockuo omymo-
nun fakxo cnnsanw c noiafunnwmu hponcfannonunmu. Iofomy coanc
II-hcuxofopahuu nonisn cnufafi sanopmonnwm no fox hop, hoka nco
qusunockuo omymonun, nwswnaomwo mwcnnmu, cnnsannwmu c fpan-
mou, no ynyf coofnofcfnykmum opasom hopopaofanw. 1oina hpu
ckanuponanuu fona, conopmaomom knuonfom n konuo hcuxofopahuu, no
nonxno hponnnnficn ocfafonnwx nahpnxonuu unu nofuhunnwx qusu-
nockux omymonuu.
Ak1nnaunu
nngupvaununnu-ucpcpaa1unamc cnc1cvu
Ipucyman knuonfy unqopmauuonno-hopopaafwnakman cucfoma
moxof wfi akfunuponana c homomik nahpannnomwx nnuxonuu inas
nuo c homomik anifopnafunnwx cfumynon, fakux kak hocfykunanuo
ho pyko unu snykonwo pasnpaxufonu.
ouenun eau1
Cymocfnyof nockoniko pasnunnwx nunon nnuxonuu inas, kofopwo
moiyf wfi uchonisonanw hpu II-hcuxofopahuu. 3anana hcuxofo-
pahonfa cocfouf n fom, nfow ohpononufi fuh nnuxonuu inas, onoo
ncoio coofnofcfnykmuu hofponocfnm nannoio knuonfa. Kpomo foio,
nooxonumo oochonufi knuonfy komqopfnwo ycnonun hpu nwhonnonuu
5
nnuxonuu inas. Icuxofopahonf nu n koom cnynao no nonxon hponon-
xafi uchonisonanuo fux nnuxonuu, ocnu knuonf ionopuf o onu n inasax
unu ochokoucfno, nosnukakmux no npomn hpouonypw. Hahpumop,
nokofopwo knuonfw coomanu o accouuauunx nnuxymoucn (hpu cfu-
mynuponanuu nnuxonuu inas) pyku hcuxofopahonfa c nochomunanun-
mu o fom, kak n nofcfno ux unu ho nuuy ponufonu. fom cnynao
hcuxofopahonfy nmocfo nahpannnomwx nnuxonuu inas cfouf uchoniso-
nafi n kanocfno cfumyna hocfykunanuo ho pyko unu xo snykonwo pas-
npaxufonu.
Honi hcuxofopahonfa nwswnafi nnuxonun inas y knuonfa of onno-
io kpan oio nusyaninoio honn no npyioio. 1akuo honnwo nnycfoponnuo
nnuxonun cnonyof nwhonnnfi c makcumanino nosmoxnou ckopocfik,
no usoiafi hpu fom honnnonun nyncfna nuckomqopfa. Moxno uchoni-
sonafi nna unu onimo haniuon kak fonky qokycuponku nsinnna knuon-
fa. Ofa foxnuka hosnonnof hauuonfy cnonufi sa pykou, no paccounan
nnumanuo na hocfoponnux ookfax u usoian ofpuuafoninwx accouua-
uuu, nwswnaomwx nnuxonunmu onnoio numi ykasafoninoio haniua (na-
hpumop, nochomunanun o fom, kak n nofcfno on honynan nwionop of
nspocnwx). Icuxofopahonf moxof fakxo uchonisonafi kapannam, nu-
nouky unu unou ookf nnn foio, nfow nahpannnfi nnuxonun inas
hauuonfa. Onnako nna haniua hpokpacno nwhonnnkf fakyk sanany u
umonno ux hponhonufakf mnoiuo knuonfw, fak kak, ho ux mnonuk,
fo oochonunaof ohfumaninwu n nannou cufyauuu hcuxofopahonfunoc-
kuu ohwf.
Ownno hcuxofopahonf nopxuf nna haniua nopfukanino, c nanonik,
opamonnou k knuonfy, hpumopno na paccfonnuu JOJ5 cm of oio nuua.
3afom knuonfy sanakf nohpoc, komqopfno nu on con nyncfnyof. cnu
ofnof ofpuuafoninwu, fo hcuxofopahonf nonxon ohpononufi paccfon-
nuo no nuua knuonfa u honoxonuo haniuon, hpu kofopom hauuonf nyn-
cfnyof con onoo komqopfno. 3afom hcuxofopahonf hokaswnaof nahpan-
nonuo nnuxonuu inas, monnonno nnuian haniuw iopusonfanino of
hpanoio kpan nusyaninoio honn knuonfa no nonoio (unu xo naoopof)
na paccfonnuu no monoo JO cm (cm. puc. ?).
Ipu fom hcuxofopahonf nonxon ouonufi choconocfi knuonfa cno-
nufi sa nnuxonunmu haniuon, hpoucxonnmumu nnanano monnonno, a
hofom nco wcfpoo u wcfpoo no nocfuxonun fou ckopocfu, kofopan
nochpunumaofcn kak makcumanino komqopfnan. bonimuncfno knuon-
fon hponhonufakf nocfafonno onimyk ckopocfi, xofn nnn nokofopwx
onoo qqokfunnwmu nnnnkfcn kak pas monnonnwo nnuxonun. o npomn
fakoio focfuponanun mnoiuo hcuxofopahonfw, hpoxno nom hopoufu k
konuonfpauuu na mouuonanino ochokonmom mafopuano, hponnaiakf
6
knuonfam coomafi o nkwx hponhonfonunx, ofnocnmuxcn k ckopocfu
nnuxonun, k paccfonnuk no haniuon, nwcofo, na kofopou nopxufcn py-
ka u f.h. Iocno foio kak nucqynkuuonaninwu mafopuan wn ohpono-
non u uspan n kanocfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun, hcuxofopahonfy nooxo-
numo opafufi nnumanuo na opafnyk cnnsi knuonfa n konuo kaxnou co-
puu nnuxonuu inas, nfow ouonufi, kak hpoucxonuf hpouocc hopopa-
ofku. cnu nucqynkuuonaninwu mafopuan iofon k usmononuk, a knu-
onf nyncfnyof con komqopfno, moxof wfi ohpononona ckopocfi, c ko-
fopou nonxnw nnuiaficn haniuw. cnu xo fo unu unwo us hoponucnon-
nwx ycnonuu no conknonw, fo ckopocfi nnuxonun pyku, nahpannonuo
u nacfofa nnuxonuu inas n kaxnou copuu nonxnw wfi usmononw.
o npomn fou honiofonufoninou cfanuu hcuxofopahonf moxof ona-
pyxufi, nfo knuonfy fpynno cnonufi sa oio haniuamu. Iononwo safpyn-
nonun moiyf hponnuficn n nuno con nnuxonuu, nocankuuonuponannoio
ux nanana, ocfanonku unu nohpousnoninwx cakkanunockux nnuxonuu.
Ipu fom hcuxofopahonfy nocfafonno hohpocufi knuonfa hpocfo nana-
nufi haniuamu na inasa. Ofo homoxof hauuonfy cqopmuponafi y con
nyncfno nunamunockou cnnsu c sanakmumu nahpannonuo haniuamu hcu-
xofopahonfa u cosnafi omymonuo, nfo on konfponupyof nnuxonuo inas.
Iosynifafom ynof onoo hnannoo cnoxonuo sa haniuamu hcuxofopahonfa.
3afom moxno hponopufi qqokfunnocfi nuaionaninwx nnuxonuu inas,
hopomoman pyky nnoni nunuu, hpoxonnmou nopos coponuny nuua knuon-
fa, chpana u cnusy nnopx u nnono (unu xo naoopof), f.o. of yponnn
honoponka no yponnn hpofunohonoxnou ponu (cm. puc. 8). Iocno
foio hcuxofopahonf cnona nonxon ouonufi posynifafunnocfi hpouony-
pw n ofnomonuu noikocfu u wcfpofw nnuxonuu inas. cnu knuonfy
noino nnuiafi inasamu n onnom nahpannonuu u fnxonoo n npyiom, fo
nooxonumo honisonaficn onoo ynonwm nahpannonuom.
Pnc. 7. lopnaon1anunme panxennn rnaa,
ncnonuayemme npn amnonnennn QDQl
?
Pnc. 8. Qnaronanunme panxennn pyxn,
ncnonuayemme npn amnonnennn QDQl
Ipu npyiux napuanfax nnuxonuu inasa knuonfa ynyf nnuiaficn nnopx-
nnus, ho kpyiy unu xo n qopmo nocimopku. opfukaninwo nnuxonun
okaswnakf ychokaunakmoo noucfnuo u moiyf wfi ocoonno honosnw-
mu nnn cnuxonun mouuonaninoio ochokoucfna unu nyncfna fomno-
fw. 1akoo nahpannonuo nnuxonun fakxo hpumonnofcn n cnynanx, koi-
na knuonf hponpachonoxon k iononokpyxonuk. cnu hpouocc hopopa-
ofku ocfanannunaofcn (nfo hponnnnofcn n ofcyfcfnuu coomonuu o
usmononuu unqopmauuu hocno hocnononafoninwx copuu nnuxonuu
inas), hcuxofopahonf nonxon hohpoonafi usmonufi xapakfop nnuxonuu,
usmonun ux nahpannonuo. Ionono nopfukaninwm nnuxonunm, kpyio-
nwo nnuxonun u nnuxonun n qopmo nocimopku no mnoiux cnynanx oka-
swnakf ychokaunakmoo noucfnuo.
Ipononxufoninocfi copuu nnuxonuu inas fakxo ohpononnofcn o-
pafnou cnnsik co cfoponw knuonfa. Iopnan copun nknknaof n con 24
nnycfoponnux nnuxonun, ino hopomomonuo chpana nanono u safom cnona
nahpano hponcfannnkf coou onno nnuxonuo. 1akan copun hosnonnof
hcuxofopahonfy ouonufi cfohoni komqopfnocfu nnn knuonfa, hponho-
nufaomyk um ckopocfi u choconocfi hpononxafi camu nnuxonun inas.
o npomn fou copuu knuonf moxof hpocfo nanknafi sa cnoou poak-
8
uuou unu cocponofonuficn na yhpaxnonuu ho cosnanuk osohacnoio
mocfa, ohucannom honponoo n inano 5. 1akoo xo konunocfno nnuxo-
nuu moxof wfi uchonisonano u n hopnou copuu ho hopopaofko. Ioc-
no hopnonananinou hopopaafwnakmou copuu nnuxonuu inas hcuxofo-
pahonfy cnonyof chpocufi y knuonfa: Hfo nw counac uchwfwnaofo Ofof
nohpoc naof hauuonfy nosmoxnocfi coomufi o fom, nfo on uchwfw-
naof, n qopmo opason, uncaufon, mouuu u qusunockux omymonuu.
cnu knuonf hponnnnof nkwo hpusnaku ynonunonun hcuxofopahonfu-
nockou anahfunnocfu ynynmonuo camonyncfnun unu hponnnonuo no-
nou unqopmauuu, fo hcuxofopahonf moxof honfopufi copuk nnuxo-
nuu inas n fakom xo nahpannonuu, c fou xo ckopocfik u nnufoninocfik
copuu. Icuxofopahonf nonxon wfi iofon k kchopumonfam nnn ohpo-
nononun nauonoo honxonnmux pasnonunnocfou nnuxonuu inas. Cpon-
nocfafucfunockomy knuonfy nooxonuma copun us 24 nnuxonuu nnn
hopopaofku koinufunnoio mafopuana u nocfuxonun nonoio yponnn
anahfauuu. Onnako n kononnom cnofo ohpononnkmum qakfopom nnnn-
ofcn poakuun konkpofnoio hauuonfa. Hokofopwm knuonfam nnn hopo-
paofku mafopuana nooxonuma copun us J6 nnuxonuu inas unu naxo
us onimoio ux konunocfna.
wcokan cfohoni mouuonaninoio ofpoaiuponanun, kofopyk mw
honpono ohumom n inano ?, ownno fpoyof iopasno onimoio konu-
nocfna nnuxonuu na hpofnxonuu onnou copuu, nom fo nooxonumo hpu
paofo c nucfo koinufunnwm mafopuanom (nahpumop, nonwo uncaufw,
ynonununakmuo inyuny honumanun).
Hokofopwo knuonfw qusunocku nochoconw nwhonnufi onoo hnfu
nnuxonuu inas honpnn y nux napacfaof yfomnnomocfi inasnwx mwmu.
fom cnynao onu nonxnw wfi nahpannonw k okynucfy nnn hponono-
nun uccnononanun u honynonun pokomonnauuu ho nwhonnonuk coof-
nofcfnykmux yhpaxnonuu nnn inas (c fakumu knuonfamu paofy mox-
no nanunafi c copuu us nnyx nnuxonuu, hocfohonno ynonununan ux
konunocfno). Hnwo hauuonfw no moiyf cnonufi sa nnuxonunmu pyku
us-sa nwcokoio yponnn fponoxnocfu. Hokofopwo unnununw moiyf oka-
saficn honfu no choconwmu cnonufi sa nnuxonunmu pyku unu xo mo-
iyf naxonufi nnn con fu nnuxonun nohpunfnwmu; n fom cnynao no-
oxonumo uchonisonafi choco, hpu kofopom uchonisykfcn oo pyku
(cm. puc. ).
Ipu uchonisonanuu nannoio chocoa hcuxofopahonf homomaof cnou
cxafwo n kynaku pyku ho oo cfoponw nusyaninoio honn knuonfa, a
safom hoonoponno honnumaof u ohyckaof ykasafoninwo haniuw ooux
pyk. Knuonfy nakfcn ykasanun hopononufi inasa of onnoio ykasafoni-
noio haniua k npyiomy. 1akan qopma nnuxonuu inas opuonfupyof nnu-
manuo, u mnoiuo knuonfw naxonnf oo nnn con iopasno onoo noikou,
nom cnonnmuo nnuxonun n hopnonananinou qopmo hpouonypw; hpu fom

nocfuiakfcn fakuo xo hcuxofopahonfunockuo posynifafw. Onnako nan-


nan foxnuka no oochonunaof foio pasnoopasun pasnunnwx qopm nnu-
xonuu, nooxonumwx, nahpumop, n cnynanx, koina hpouocc hopopa-
ofku ocfanannunaofcn.
Hokofopwo knuonfw uchwfwnakf safpynnonun c hnannwmu cnonnmu-
mu nnuxonunmu na pannux cfanunx hopopaofku. unumo, koina ypo-
noni fponoxnocfu honuxaofcn, nnuxonun inas cfanonnfcn onoo hnan-
nwmu, fokynumu u ux noino honnopxunafi. Ofo moxof nokaswnafi
hpanomopnocfi hponcfannonuu o nsaumnom fopmoxonuu (cm. inanw i u
i2) kak qakfopa, nnunkmoio na qqokfunnocfi nononun. Iofomy,
koina hcuxofopahonf namoponaofcn nanafi nahpannnomwo nnymn pykamu
nnuxonun inas, hpu nocfuxonuu onoo nuskoio yponnn ho Hkano
cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna moxof wfi honosnwm hopoufu na
cnonnmuo nnuxonun inas c uchonisonanuom onnou pyku.
4aomepnumuonme qopmm cmumyanuu
nn knuonfon, cnufakmux nnuxonun inas qusuonoiunocku unu hcu-
xonoiunocku nuckomqopfnwmu, moxno uchonisonafi anifopnafunnwo
qopmw cfumynnuuu (hocfykunanuo ho pyko u snyku), u onu moiyf oka-
saficn nhonno qqokfunnwmu. Iocfykunanuo ho pyko nwhonnnkfcn fak:
knuonf canufcn, honoxun na kononu pyku nanonnmu nnopx. 3afom hcu-
xofopahonf (onnum unu nnymn haniuamu) pufmunocku u c fakou xo
ckopocfik, kak hpu hponononuu copuu nnuxonuu inas, hocfykunaof ho
nanonnm knuonfa hoonoponno: fo ho hpanou, fo ho nonou. nn qqok-
funnocfu hcuxofopahuu of knuonfa no fpoyofcn namoponno qukcupo-
Pnc. 9. Bapnan1 amnonnennn QDQl c nomoum payx pyx
iOO
nafi kaxnoo us fux hocfykunanuu, onnako no npomn foio hpouocca
unoina nosnukakf chonfannwo nnuxonun inas.
Ipu snykonou cfumynnuuu inasa knuonfa moiyf wfi ofkpwfw nuo
sakpwfw, a hcuxofopahonf hoonoponno monkaof haniuamu fo y onno-
io, fo y npyioio yxa knuonfa hpumopno c fakou xo ckopocfik, kak u
hpu copunx nnuxonuu inas. Xofn fu anifopnafunnwo qopmw cfumynn-
uuu ucknknakf nosmoxnocfi usmononun nahpannonun, ux ckopocfi u
unfoncunnocfi moiyf hpu nooxonumocfu monnficn. H, kononno xo,
fu chocow nakf hcuxofopahonfy nosmoxnocfi uchonisonafi II hpu
paofo co cnohwmu hauuonfamu nuo c fomu, y koio honpoxnono spo-
nuo. Onnako onu no oochonunakf nwcokoio yponnn opafnou cnnsu
of knuonfa, nfo moxof wfi nocfuinyfo hpu nanknaomwx nnuxonunx
inas.
H ohucana snoci numi nno anifopnafunw foxnuko nnuxonuu inas, no
moxno oxunafi, nfo u npyiuo qopmw cfumynnuuu (unu nnounoio nnu-
manun) okaxyfcn cfoni xo qqokfunnwmu.
8uccvt c1an H-ucnxu1cpaunn
II-hcuxofopahun cocfouf us nocimu hpunuuhuanino naxnwx
cfanuu. Konunocfno coancon, hocnnmonnwx kaxnou cfanuu, fak xo kak
u konunocfno cfanuu, nknknonnwx n kaxnwu coanc II, n snanu-
foninou cfohonu sanucnf of ocoonnocfou konkpofnoio knuonfa. Iop-
nan cfanun nknknaof n con ananus ucfopuu onosnu u hnanuponanuo
nononun. 3a nou cnonyof cfanun honiofonku, no npomn kofopou hcuxo-
fopahonf nnonuf knuonfa n konfokcf hpouonypw, oncnnof omy foopuk
II, ohpononnof oxunanun n ofnomonuu qqokfa nononun u iofo-
nuf oio k nosmoxnocfu honnnonun ochokonmux hopoxunanuu moxny
coancamu. 1pofin cfanun nknknaof n con ohponononuo uonu u ocnon-
nwx nosmoxnwx poakuuu knuonfa c uchonisonanuom Hkanw cyokfun-
nwx onunuu ochokoucfna u Hkanw coofnofcfnun hponcfannonuu. Hof-
nopfan cfanun noconcuunusauun nahpannona na ochokonmuo
knuonfa mouuu. Infan cfanun, cfanun uncfannnuuu, nauonona na koi-
nufunnoo hopocfpykfypuponanuo. Hocfan cfanun, no npomn kofopou na-
xonnfcn onaiu ocfafonnwx nahpnxonuu n fono, naswnaofcn cfanuou cka-
nuponanun fona. 3afom cnonyof cfanun sanopmonun, nknknakman n con
ocyxnonuo, hpunuuhuanino naxnoo nnn honnopxanun knuonfa n co-
cfonnuu pannonocun moxny coancamu. Iocnonnnn, nociman cfanun, na-
swnaofcn cfanuou hopoouonku.
iOi
1mu0un 1.
Mcmopun uauenmu u naunupoounue ncuxomepunuu
Iopnan cfanun II-hcuxofopahuu nknknaof n con ouonunanuo
qakfopon osohacnocfu knuonfa u ofnofcfnonna sa ofop hauuonfon.
Ocnonnwm kpufopuom nnn ohponononun foio, hpuionnw nu knuonfw nnn
II-hcuxofopahuu, nnnnofcn ux choconocfi chpannnficn c fom nw-
cokum yponnom ochokoucfna, kofopwu moxof nosnuknyfi hpu hopo-
paofko nucqynkuuonaninou unqopmauuu. Ouonunanuo nknknaof oh-
ponononuo yponnn nunnocfnou ycfoununocfu u xusnonnwx ocfonfonicfn
knuonfa. Hahpumop, knuonf moxof cfonknyficn co snanufoninou na-
hpnxonnocfik y con na paofo u no saxonof uchwfwnafi nohonnufoni-
nwo nohpunfnwo mouuu of hponcfonmoio hpouocca hopopaofku fpan-
mafunockoio mafopuana. fom cnynao hcuxofopahonfy nynmo ofcponufi
hpouocc hopopaofku, hoka y knuonfa no cnusufcn nahpnxonnocfi,
cnnsannan c ocfonfonicfnamu oio paofw. Kpomo foio, knuonf non-
xon qusunocku wfi choconwm hpofunocfonfi unfoncunnwm mouu-
nm. Icuxofopahonfy nooxonumo ouonufi hofonuuaninwo hponomw,
cnnsannwo c nospacfom knuonfa, a fakxo c saononanunmu copnua unu
opianon nwxanun.
cnu knuonf hpusnan hpuionnwm nnn II-hcuxofopahuu, hcuxo-
fopahonf nonxon honynufi unqopmauuk, nooxonumyk nnn paspaof-
ku hnana nononun. Ofa nacfi cfanuu usynonun ucfopuu knuonfa nnonof
sa coou ouonunanuo ncou knununockou kapfunw, nknknan nucqynk-
uuonaninoo honononuo u fo oio cumhfomw u xapakfopucfuku, c kofo-
pwmu nooxonumo ynof umofi nono n hpouocco hcuxofopahuu. 3afom
hcuxofopahonf nwnonnof chouuqunockuo uonu, fpoykmuo hopopaof-
ku. Ofu uonu nknknakf n con cowfun, nomoncfpupykmuo hafono-
iuk n oo nunamuko, nwnomnuo qakfopw, cfumynupykmuo nucqynk-
uuonaninwu mafopuan, u nunw honoxufoninoio honononun u ofnomo-
nuu, nooxonumwx n ynymom. 1oxnuka II moxof wfi uchoniso-
nana nnn hopopaofku unqopmauuu foniko hocno foio, kak hcuxofopa-
honf sanopmuf honnyk hopoouonky knununockou kapfunw u paspao-
faof honponwu hnan nononun.
1mu0un 2. Ho0eomoouu
Cfanun honiofonku nknknaof n con ycfanonnonuo fopahonfunockux
ofnomonuu c knuonfom, oncnonuo cymnocfu hpouocca II-hcu-
xofopahuu u oio qqokfon, ohponononuo oxunanuu knuonfa, a fakxo
nnonnyk ponakcauuk u hpouonypw ho cosnanuk osohacnou nnn knu-
iO2
onfa ocfanonku. Ipunuuhuanino naxno u fo, nfow hcuxofopahonf
nofko hpounqopmuponan knuonfa o nosmoxnocfu honnnonun mouuo-
naninoio ochokoucfna kak no npomn coancon II, fak u hocno nux.
1oniko hpu conknonuu fux ycnonuu knuonf ynof nocfafonno unqop-
muponan, nfow nanafi unu no nanafi cnoo coinacuo na II-hcuxo-
fopahuk. Ofu hponocfopoxonun no foniko hponocfannf knuonfy nosmox-
nocfi cnonafi hpanuninwu nwop, no u hosnonnf omy honiofonuficn k
hponcfonmou hcuxofopahuu kak n cmwcno ocfonfonicfn oio paofw u
couuaninwx onsafonicfn, fak u n cmwcno nosmoxnocfu pasnunnwx
mouuonaninwx hofpnconuu no npomn II. Icuxofopahonf nonxon
ynocfonopuficn, nfo y knuonfa ocfi aynuosahuci c yhpaxnonunmu ho
nahpannnomou ponakcauuu (nahpumop, Ocnoonuci of cfpocca
IottIng Go oI Stross; MIIIor, i4) u nfo onu hpakfukonanu fu yh-
paxnonun no nanana coancon II. Ofo nonaofcn nnn foio, nfow
knuonf onnanon foxnukou ponakcauuu u moi uchonisonafi aynuosahuci,
homoiakmyk chpannnficn c nkwmu hponomamu, nosnukakmumu n
unfopnanax moxny coancamu II.
Iopon fom kak nanafi hopopaofky, hcuxofopahonf nonxon uchoni-
sonafi foxnuky nahpannnomoio noopaxonun, ohucannyk n inano 6 (cm.
pasnon, hocnnmonnwu cfanuu sanopmonun). cnu knuonf no moxof c
homomik fux foxnuk cnusufi cfohoni ochokoucfna no ymoponnoio
yponnn, hcuxofopahonfy no cnonyof hpononxafi coancw II. 1oxnuku
ponakcauuu, hononwo yhomnnyfwm, nooxonumw nnn foio, nfow
sakonnufi nosanopmonnwu coanc u homoni knuonfy chpanuficn c noc-
homunanunmu u nohpunfnwmu mouunmu, kofopwo moiyf hponnuficn
hocno hcuxofopahuu. Hochoconocfi yhpannnfi fakou cufyauuou moxof
numi ynonununafi y knuonfa cfpax u safpynnnfi hopopaofky.
Cfanun honiofonku nknknaof n con ocony c knuonfom o foopuu
II u nknknonnwx n fy foxnuky hpouonypax, hponnaiakmyk noko-
fopwo honosnwo mofaqopw nnn hoomponun ychomnou hopopaofku u
oncnnkmyk knuonfy, kakonw moiyf wfi oio poaninwo oxunanun n
ofnomonuu qqokfa nononun.
o npomn cfanuu honiofonku hcuxofopahonf nonxon nmocfo c knu-
onfom uccnononafi nosmoxnocfi hponnnonun ponfnwx ycfanonok. Of noio
knuonfy nooxonumo ynof ofkasaficn u c nom noufu n hpofunonoucfnuo,
ocnu oio hafonoiun ynof usnonona cnu y knuonfa n fom ofnomonuu
ocfi kakuo-nuo oxunanun, fo onu nonxnw wfi ohponononw no nana-
na hpouocca hopopaofku fpanmw. fu mopw hponocfopoxnocfu non-
xna wfi nknknona paspaofka hnana noucfnuu n cnynao nosnuknono-
nun chouuqunockux cufyauuu, koina knuonfy, wfi moxof, hpunofcn
uckafi coo nonyk paofy unu xo noomo nonoo mocfo n xusnu. cnu
ponfnwo ycfanonku honhufwnakfcn nyncfnom nuskoio camoynaxonun
iOJ
unu uppauuonaninwmu cfpaxamu, fo fo nonxno cfafi hopnou uonik
hopopaofku. o fox hop, hoka no ynyf paspomonw fu cfpaxu, nonisn
oxunafi kakux-nuo unwx cymocfnonnwx hcuxofopahonfunockux posyni-
fafon.
1mu0un J. Onpe0eaenue npe0memu oo10eucmoun
Ha fou cfanuu hcuxofopahonf unonfuquuupyof komhononfw uonu
nosnoucfnun u no nanana hpouocca hopopaofku ofmonaof ocnonnwo
nosmoxnwo qopmw ofpoaiuponanun knuonfa. Iocno unonfuqukauuu
fpanmafunockoio nochomunanun knuonfy hponnaiaofcn uspafi opas,
kofopwu w nynmo ncoio coofnofcfnonan fomy nochomunanuk. 3afom
knuonf usupaof noiafunnwo hponcfannonun, nwpaxakmuo nucqynk-
uuonaninyk unu nosanahfunnyk camoouonky, ofnocnmykcn k oio yna-
cfuk n fpanmafunockom cowfuu. Ofu noiafunnwo yoxnonun n noucfnu-
foninocfu nnnnkfcn nopanusauunmu ochokonmux mouuu u nknknakf
n con yfnopxnonun fuha H ochonosnwu nononok / no sacnyxunakmuu
ynaxonun / no nocfounwu nknu / ocknopnonnwu / hnoxou. 3afom
knuonf ohpononnof cnou honoxufoninwo hponcfannonun, kofopwo ho-
snnoo ynyf uchonisonanw nnn samonw ofpuuafoninwx hponcfannonuu
no npomn hnfou cfanuu cfanuu uncfannnuuu. fox cnynanx, koina
fo nosmoxno, yfnopxnonun nonxnw wfi nnononw no nnyfponnkk o-
nacfi konfponn (nahpumop, H nocfoun ynaxonun / sacnyxunak nk-
nu / xopomuu nononok / konfponupyk con unu H moiy nocfuni yc-
hoxa). Knuonf ouonunaof coofnofcfnuo honoxufoninoio
hponcfannonun c homomik comu annon Hkanw coofnofcfnun hponcfan-
nonuu. fof momonf hpoucxonuf coonunonuo opasa u ofpuuafoni-
noio hponcfannonun, nfo nooxonumo nnn unonfuqukauuu mouuu u
cymocfnykmoio y knuonfa yponnn ochokoucfna, kofopwu safom usmo-
pnofcn ho Hkano cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna. Knuonfy hpon-
naiaofcn nasnafi konunocfno annon, coofnofcfnykmoo unfoncunnocfu
oio mouuu n fof momonf, koina on opofaof nocfyh k fpanmafunockum
nochomunanunm. Ipu nanano hopopaofku mouuu u ux unfoncunnocfi,
noponfnoo ncoio, ynyf usmonnficn, a cfohoni ochokoucfna knuonfa
moxof npomonno nospacfafi.
3afom knuonf unonfuquuupyof mocfo, n kofopom cocponofononw
qusunockuo omymonun, ycununakmuocn hpu cocponofononuu na noc-
homunanuu o fpanmafunockom cowfuu.
1akum opasom, fa cfanun nomoncfpupyof ocnonnwo qopmw ofpo-
aiuponanun n ofnomonuu fpanmafunockoio nochomunanun, uspanno-
io n kanocfno uonu, u chouuqunockux komhononfon, nooxonumwx nnn
sanopmonun hpouocca.
iO4
1mu0un 4: ecencubuau1uun
Hofnopfan cfanun cocponofonona na noiafunnwx mouunx knuonfa,
ofpaxonnwx n ouonko ho Hkano cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna.
Ofa cfanun nononun oxnafwnaof nco nosmoxnwo qopmw poakuuu nno
sanucumocfu of foio, ynonununaofcn nu ypononi nucfpocca knuonfa,
honuxaofcn unu xo ocfaofcn os usmononuu.
o npomn noconcuunusauuu hcuxofopahonf honfopnof copuu nnuxo-
nuu inas, nnocn n nux hpu nooxonumocfu usmononun qokycuponku no
fox hop, hoka ypononi ochokoucfna knuonfa no cnuxaofcn no O unu i
ho Hkano cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna (f.o. no foio yponnn,
kofopwu moxno nasnafi konoiunocku nanunnwm u hpuomnomwm nnn
knuonfa hpu oio nwnomnux ocfonfonicfnax). Ofo ykaswnaof na fo, nfo
hopnunnan nucqynkuuonaninocfi, nknknakman n con fpanmafunockoo
cowfuo, hopopaofana. Onnako hopopaofka hpu fom sanopmona no
honnocfik u k fpanmafunockou unqopmauuu hpunofcn opamaficn na
cnonykmux cfanunx.
Hooxonumo honnopknyfi, nfo no mnoiux cnynanx copuu nnuxonuu
inas (unu anifopnafunnwx qopm cfumynnuuu) nonocfafonno nnn hon-
nou hopopaofku. Ipumopno n hononuno cnynaon hpouocc hopopaof-
ku fpanmafunockou unqopmauuu ocfanannunaofcn, u hcuxofopahonfy
nooxonumo hpunnokafi pasnunnwo nohonnufoninwo cfpafoiuu u hpo-
nnunyfwo cfumynupykmuo hpouonypw II, nnn foio nfow cnona
nanafi hopopaofky. Ofo ohucwnaofcn honpono n inano ? u iO.
1mu0un . Mncmuaanun
Infan cfanun nononun naswnaofcn cfanuou uncfannnuuu, fak kak ona
cqokycuponana na ycfanonnonuu honoxufoninoio camohponcfannonun,
ohponononnoio knuonfom, u na ynonunonuu oio cunw, nnn foio nfow
ono moino samonufi coou ofpuuafoninoo camohponcfannonuo. 1ak,
nahpumop, knuonfka moxof nanafi hpouocc c nochomunanun o cokcy-
aninwx nomoiafonicfnax u c ofpuuafoninoio camohponcfannonun H
occunina. o npomn hnfou cfanuu nononun moxof wfi ycfanonnono
honoxufoninoo camohponcfannonuo Counac n konfponupyk con.
3nanufoninocfi qqokfa nononun (f.o. nackoniko cunino knuonfka
moxof honopufi n honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo) usmopnofcn c homo-
mik Hkanw coofnofcfnun hponcfannonuu.
Cfanun uncfannnuuu nanunaofcn, koina y knuonfa ypononi mouuu,
cnnsannwx c uspannwm n kanocfno uonu hopoxunanuom, hanaof no O
unu i ho Hkano cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna. 1oina hcuxofo-
iO5
pahonf hponnaiaof knuonfy cocponofonuficn na nauonoo hpuomnomom
nnn noio honoxufoninom hponcfannonuu onnonpomonno c uspannwm
n kanocfno uonu fpanmafunockum nochomunanuom. 3afom hpononxakf-
cn copuu nnuxonuu inas, hoka ypononi honoxufoninoio hponcfannonun
knuonfa no nocfuinof 6 unu ? ho Hkano coofnofcfnun hponcfannonuu.
Cnonyof homnufi, nfo knuonfy nooxonumo ouonunafi ypononi hono-
xufoninoio hponcfannonun, ocnonwnanci na fom, nfo on unfyufunno
omymaof nyfpom.
Hauonoo honxonnmum honoxufoninwm hponcfannonuom moxof wfi
fo, kofopoo knuonf unonfuquuupyof no npomn cfanuu ohponononun
hponmofa nosnoucfnun, unu xo fo hponcfannonuo, kofopoo chonfanno
nosnukno no npomn ychomnwx copuu nnuxonuu inas. axo ocnu nonoo
honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo no nosnukaof, hcuxofopahonfw ownno
ofmonakf, nfo y knuonfon ypononi ouonku hopnonananinoio honoxu-
foninoio hponcfannonun ho Hkano coofnofcfnun hponcfannonun ynonu-
nunaofcn n konuo cfanuu noconcuunusauuu. Iofomy nooxonumo
hpononxafi copuu nnuxonuu inas (n fo npomn kak knuonf cocponofonu-
naofcn na honoxufoninom hponcfannonuu u na uspannom n kanocfno
uonu fpanmafunockom cowfuu) nnn nocfuxonun makcumanino nosmox-
noio ycunonun honoxufoninoio hponcfannonun. fo npomn kak ofpu-
uafoninwo opasw, mwcnu u mouuu ownno cfanonnfcn onoo pacco-
nnnwmu, nuqqysnwmu u monoo nanunnwmu c kaxnou nonou copuou
nnuxonuu inas, honoxufoninwo opasw, mwcnu u mouuu cfanonnfcn
onoo npkumu. Iofomy copuu nnuxonuu inas nonxnw hpononxaficn
nnn ykpohnonun ynoponnocfu knuonfa u oio nyncfna nonopun k coo.
Hsmoponuo ho Hkano coofnofcfnun hponcfannonuu nposnwnauno
naxno nnn ohponononun naninoumou paofw, kofopyk nooxonumo
hpononafi nnn sanopmonun hcuxofopahonfunockoio coanca. Hahpumop,
ocnu knuonf coomaof, nfo ho Hkano coofnofcfnun hponcfannonuu
ypononi cnusuncn nuxo ? annon hocno nnyx copuu nnuxonuu inas,
hcuxofopahonf moxof chpocufi, nnnnofcn nu fakou ypononi coofnofcfnun
hponcfannonuu hpuomnomwm. Knuonf moxof ofnofufi: H no moiy ouo-
nufi coofnofcfnuo hponcfannonuu n ? annon, fak kak no nopk n kpau-
nocfu unu xo: Mno nano hoconofonaficn c pafom.
Ofu yfnopxnonun coofnofcfnykf no nwswnakmum accouuauuu yox-
nonunm knuonfa u no ykaswnakf na nanunuo kakou-nuo hafonoiuu;
cnononafonino, moxno nanunafi cnonykmyk cfanuk hpouocca nononun.
Onnako knuonf moxof nwckaswnafi u ofpuuafoninwo yoxnonun na-
hpumop: H no sacnyxunak foio, nfow wfi n honnou mopo cnacfnu-
nwm. Iockoniky fakoo noiafunnoo yoxnonuo ynof hpohnfcfnonafi
sanopmonuk uncfannnuuu honoxufoninoio hponcfannonun, ono non-
xno wfi uspano n kanocfno uonu II-hcuxofopahuu. Kononnou uo-
nik nnnnofcn ycfanonnonuo ycfoununoio u honnocfik nanunnoio hono-
iO6
xufoninoio camohponcfannonun, kofopoo ynof honwmafi ypononi ca-
moqqokfunnocfu u camoynaxonun knuonfa.
Cnnswnanuo honoxufoninoio hponcfannonun c uspannwm n kano-
cfno uonu fpanmafunockum nochomunanuom ycununaof accouuafunnwo
cnnsu u hpu nosnuknononuu nochomunanun o hopnonananinom fpanma-
funockom cowfuu ono ynof nosnpamaficn n cosnanuo yxo n cohponox-
nonuu nonoio, hponno cnnsannoio c num honoxufoninoio hponcfanno-
nun nahpumop: co munonano, counac n n osohacnocfu. Io mopo
foio kak knuonf ynof cocponofonunaficn na honoxufoninom hponcfan-
nonuu, ono ynof hpunnocuficn n cnnsannyk c uonik cofi hamnfu, ino
fo honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo cmoxof oonunnficn c accouuupo-
nannwm mafopuanom.
Cam qakf cymocfnonanun ofpuuafoninwx hponcfannonuu ykaswnaof
na fo, nfo fpanmafunockoo cowfuo nnnnofcn momnwm ohpononnkmum
qakfopom n xusnu unnununa nom-fo fakum, nfo no moxof wfi anok-
nafno accumunuponano. nn nopaspomonnwx fpanm xapakfopnw noia-
funnwo hopchokfunw n ofnomonuu camokonfponn u opofonun cunw,
hononwo hopchokfunw moiyf hponnnnficn n pasnunnwx qopmax na hpo-
fnxonuu ncou xusnu unnununa. hpofunohonoxnocfi fomy, nnn
honnou hopopaofku fpanmafunockou unqopmauun xapakfopno opofo-
nuo nocfyha k hamnfu, nknknan anahfunnyk hopchokfuny, nohonnon-
nyk honoxufoninwm hponcfannonuom u coofnofcfnykmumu mouunmu.
Cfanun uncfannnuuu cocponofonona na ycunonuu hosufunnou camoouon-
ku knuonfa, nfo nnnnofcn hpunuuhuanino naxnwm momonfom nnn noc-
fuxonun honoxufoninoio hcuxofopahonfunockoio qqokfa.
1mu0un 0. 1uunupoounue meau
Iocno foio kak honoxufoninoo camohponcfannonuo honnocfik yf-
nopxnono, knuonfy hponnaiakf ynopxunafi n cosnanuu kak uspannoo
n kanocfno uonu fpanmafunockoo cowfuo, fak u honoxufoninoo camo-
hponcfannonuo u hpu fom ckanuponafi cnopxy nnus nco cnoo fono. my
hponnaiakf unonfuquuuponafi nkoo ocfafonnoo nahpnxonuo, hponn-
nnkmoocn n qopmo omymonuu n fono. 1akuo omymonun usupakfcn
safom n kanocfno uonu nnn hocnononafoninwx nnuxonuu inas. o mno-
iux cnynanx hocno foio nahpnxonuo hpocfo ucnosnof, xofn unoina ynof
nckpwfa nohonnufoninan nucqynkuuonaninan unqopmauun. Hnonfu-
qukauun ocfafonnwx qusunockux omymonuu u uspanuo ux n kanocfno
uonu na fou cfanuu II-hcuxofopahuu moxof homoni paspomonuk
nkou unqopmauuu, ocfanmoucn nohopopaofannou. annan cfanun
ononi naxna, u ona moxof nckpwnafi fo onacfu nahpnxonun unu co-
hpofunnonun, kofopwo panoo wnu ckpwfw.
iO?
1mu0un . 3uoepmenue
Knuonfa nooxonumo nosnpamafi n cocfonnuo mouuonaninoio pan-
nonocun n konuo kaxnoio coanca, nno sanucumocfu of foio, honnoc-
fik nu sanopmona hopopaofka (osop foxnuk sanopmonun coanca naof-
cn n inano ). Kpomo foio, xusnonno naxno, nfow n konuo kaxnoio
coanca knuonf honynan hpanuninwo uncfpykuuu. nn foio hcuxofo-
pahonf nonxon nahomunafi hauuonfy, nfo ochokonmuo opasw, mwc-
nu unu mouuu, nosnukakmuo n unfopnanax moxny coancamu, nnnnkfcn
nokasafonicfnamu nohonnufoninou hopopaofku u nco fo moxno cnu-
fafi honoxufoninwm hpusnakom. Knuonfy nahomunakf, nfo on non-
xon nocfu chouuaninwu nnonnuk u sahucwnafi n noio nco ofpuuafoni-
nwo mwcnu, cufyauuu, cnonunonun u nochomunanun. Ofo hosnonuf
knuonfy koinufunno nucfanuuponafi con of mouuonanino ochokon-
mux hponnnonuu. Iauuonfy hponnaiaofcn cnonafi kak w momonfani-
nwu cnumok kaxnoio us ochokonmux qakfopon, nfow uchonisonafi
fo n kanocfno uonu no npomn cnonykmux coancon. Hchonisonanuo nnon-
nuka c nunnwmu sahucnmu u foxnuk nusyanusauuu, kofopwm knuonfa
oynuf hcuxofopahonf, nuo aynuosahucu nnn ponakcauuu (o nom ynof
honpono unfu poni n inanax 5 u ) nnnnofcn nposnwnauno naxnwm nnn
honnopxanun ycfoununoio cocfonnun moxny coancamu. cnu hcuxofo-
pahonf no ocynuf nco fo c knuonfom, fo cymocfnyof ohacnocfi nokom-
honcauuu unu naxo cyuuunaninwx hohwfok, kofopwo moiyf hpousou-
fu n fom cnynao, ocnu knuonf cfanof hpunanafi ochokonmum mouunm
cnumkom onimoo snanonuo unu paccmafpunafi ux kak hpusnak foio,
nfo omy hocfonnno hpununnofcn npon. Icuxofopahonf nonxon hosao-
fuficn o fom, nfow y knuonfa wnu poanucfunockuo oxunanun n of-
nomonuu ofpuuafoninwx (u honoxufoninwx) ofnofnwx poakuuu, kak
no npomn nononun, fak u hocno oio sanopmonun. Ofa unqopmauun ycu-
nunaof noponfnocfi foio, nfo knuonf ynof coxpannfi ypannonomonnocfi
hopon nuuom nosmoxnwx ochokonmux hopoxunanuu, hopoxnaomwx
cfumynuponanuom nucqynkuuonaninoio mafopuana. 3noci moxof hpo-
nnnnficn qqokf nomuno, cfumynupykmuu npyiuo noiafunnwo noc-
homunanun ho mopo hpononxonun hpouocca hopopaofku.
1mu0un &. Hepeoenuu
Iopoouonka nonxna hpononuficn hopon nananom kaxnoio nonoio
coanca. Icuxofopahonf oochonunaof honfopnoo opamonuo knuonfa k
panoo hopopaofannwm uonnm u ouonunaof nosnukakmyk y noio poak-
uuk nnn ohponononun foio, coxpannkfcn nu y knuonfa qqokfw nono-
iO8
nun. Hooxonumo chpocufi, kakuo nyncfna fof uchwfwnaof n ofnomo-
nuu mafopuana, usupanmoiocn panoo n kanocfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun,
a fakxo usynufi sahucu n nnonnuko knuonfa, nfow ohpononufi, ofpa-
xaofcn nu fo na yxo hopopaofannou unqopmauuu u ocfi nu nooxo-
numocfi cnona uchonisonafi oo n kanocfno uonu unu xo cnonyof uspafi
nonyk uoni. Icuxofopahonf moxof pomufi uspafi n kanocfno uonu
nonwu mafopuan, no nonafi fo nooxonumo foniko hocno foio, kak
hpousounof honnan unfoipauun fpanm, honnopianmuxcn nononuk panoo.
Ipupona unfoipauuu ohpononnofcn n fopmunax unfpahcuxunockux
qakfopon, fak xo kak u n pamkax cucfomnoio honxona. 3anopmonuo
hopopaofku fpanm moxof hpunocfu k nonwm qopmam honononun knu-
onfa, nfo hofpoyof of hcuxofopahonfa opamonun k hponomam, ko-
fopwo moiyf nosnuknyfi n cnnsu c fum n comio knuonfa unu n oio co-
uuaninom okpyxonuu. Cfanun hopoouonku hpononufcn c homomik
pasnunnwx hpofokonon, hpumonnomwx n foxnuko II, u honnoio
hcuxofopahonfunockoio hnana nononun. Ychomnocfi nononun moxof
wfi ohpononona foniko hocno nocfafonnou ouonku honononnockux
qqokfon u hocnoncfnuu hopopaofku.
C1anap1nu upu1ukun H
Cfannapfnan hpouonypa II hpoucxonuf no npomn kaxnoio coan-
ca hopopaofku, n fo npomn kak cfannapfnwu hpofokon II nahpan-
nnof omuu hpouocc nononun knuonfa. Kaxnwu coanc ho hopopaofko
nonxon wfi nahpannon na ohponononnyk uoni. Omuo fuhw uonou
ohponononw n cfannapfnom hpofokono cnonykmum opasom: (i) hpo-
mnwu ohwf, nnnnkmuucn ocnonou hafonoiuu, (2) cymocfnykmuo n
nacfonmoo npomn ocfonfonicfna unu qakfopw, kofopwo nwswnakf
ochokoucfno, u (J) hnanw ynymux noucfnuu. co chouuanusuponan-
nwo hpofokonw II (n fom nucno u fo, kofopwo nooxonumw nnn
cnynaon paofw c qounmu unu comafunockumu paccfpoucfnamu) cnn-
sanw c hpofokonom cfannapfnoio fuha.
8uup ucnn
Ipu nononuu xopfnw ofnoninou fpanmw hpoxno ncoio nooxonumo
uspafi uoni u hponmof nosnoucfnun. cnynao xo nononun xopfnw
mnoionucnonnwx fpanm, hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo oonunufi fpan-
mafunockuo cowfun n knacfopw, f.o. ipyhhw poncfnonnwx cowfuu,
hocno noio naufu n kaxnou ipyhho nauonoo fuhunnwu cnynau u uspafi
iO
oio n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun nnn fou ipyhhw cowfuu. Iosynifa-
fom hopopaofku fakoio fuhunnoio cnynan ownno nnnnofcn nocfuxo-
nuo qqokfa ionopanusauuu, hosnonnkmou hosufunnwm qqokfam
nononun pachpocfpanuficn u na nco npyiuo accouuafunno cnnsannwo
cowfun. Koina hcuxofopahonf hponnaiaof knuonfy ohpononufi nocnfi
nauonoo ochokonmux oio nochomunanuu, fo hosnonnof paccopfupo-
nafi ux u oonunufi hpomnwu ohwf n uonu, c kofopwmu moxno pao-
fafi. Ouonunan ho Hkano cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna kaxnoo
cowfuo u pachpononnn ux ho cfohonu nospacfanun fponoxnocfu, hcu-
xofopahonf u knuonf moiyf conmocfno pomufi, kakuo umonno noc-
homunanun nonxnw wfi uspanw n kanocfno hopnonananinou uonu
II-hcuxofopahuu.
Iomonuo o fom, nanunafi nu hopnwu coanc c nwcmoio unu c nus-
moio yponnn nucfpocca, sanucuf of hponhonfonuu hcuxofopahonfa u of
ouonku knuonfa. Hokofopwo hcuxofopahonfw cnufakf, nfo hopopaofky
nooxonumo nanunafi c cowfun, umokmoio nauonoo nuskyk ouonky
ho Hkano cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna, fak kak fo hosnonnof
knuonfy nouficn usmononuu fpanmafunockoio mafopuana u nocfuiafi
paspomonun, uchwfwnan hpu fom munumaninwu nucfpocc. osnuka-
kmoo nyncfno nocfuxonun ychoxa naof knuonfy ynoponnocfi hpu pao-
fo c onoo fpynnwm u nwswnakmum onimyk fponoxnocfi mafopuanom.
Xofn fakan cfpafoiun nhonno pasymna, hcuxofopahonfw sanacfyk ona-
pyxunakf, nfo uspannoo n kanocfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun cowfuo c
nuskum yponnom ochokoucfna accouuafunno cnnswnaofcn c hamnfik o
npyiux cowfunx u hpuopofaof onimyk cfohoni fponoxnocfu, nfo
moxof hpunonufi knuonfa n ynwnuo u nwswnafi y noio omymonuo, nfo
on no iofon k naninoumou hopopaofko.
cnoou hpakfuko n hponhonufak (ocnu na fo coinacon knuonf)
usupafi n kanocfno uonu n hopnyk onoponi nauonoo ochokonmuo co-
wfun. H oncnnk fakou honxon fom, nfo knuonf iofonufcn k camo-
my xynmomy u k nauonoo nwcokou cfohonu nucfpocca, hofomy n nani-
noumom nnn noio yxo no ynof nukakux ckphpuson. Kpomo foio,
knuonfw hpu fom nacfo uchwfwnakf nyncfno nocfuxonun ychoxa. Onu
no foniko omymakf, nfo ocnoonunuci of camoio xynmoio, no u ho-
numakf, nfo fo xynmoo wno no nacfoniko yxacnwm, kak onu coo
hponcfannnnu. bonoo foio, onu paspomakf cnou nauonoo fpanmafunoc-
kuo nochomunanun, u fo osnanaof, nfo hocnonykmuo coancw ynyf
onoo noikumu. 1akan hopopaofka nacfo nnnnofcn posynifafom qqokfa
ionopanusauuu u omoio cnuxonun ochokoucfna. Ipu fom knuonfw
coomakf, nfo na hpofnxonuu cnonykmou nononu ux nyncfno cfpaxa u
fponoxnocfi snanufonino cnusunuci.
Kak yxo ofmonanoci, nokofopwo knuonfw uchwfwnakf snanufoni-
noo mouuonaninoo ochokoucfno n hpomoxyfkax moxny coancamu, n
iiO
ocoonnocfu ocnu hopopaofka hpousomna no honnocfik u onu honnop-
iakfcn nosnoucfnuk mnoxocfnonnwx fpanm, nfo nwswnaof nwcokyk
cfohoni nucfpocca. Iofomy hopnonananinyk uoni (hponmof) nosnou-
cfnun nooxonumo usupafi, ucxonn us iofonnocfu knuonfa u ycfou-
nunocfu oio cocfonnun (honponoo cm. inany 4). II nonisn uchoni-
sonafi n paofo c knuonfamu, no choconwmu nwnopxunafi nwcokuu
ypononi mouuonaninoio ochokoucfna, y kofopwx no ycfanonunuci
coofnofcfnykmuo hcuxofopahonfunockuo ofnomonun c npanom.
cnoux hohwfkax nocfuni paspomonun fpanmw hcuxofopahonf non-
xon usupafi n kanocfno uonu cnonykmoo: i) nochomunanun o noucfnu-
fonino hpousomonmom cowfuu; 2) nkwo npyiuo fniocfnwo nochomu-
nanun, naxo ocnu onu ofnunakfcn of noucfnufonino hpoucxonunmoio
fpanmafunockoio cowfun; J) nkwo opasw nonnwx kommapon; 4)
nkwo qakfopw nahpumop, ohponononnoio pona snyku, nosnpa-
makmuo nyncfna cfpaxa u samomafonicfna, cnnsannwo c panoo hopoxu-
fou fpanmou. 1akumu qakfopamu moiyf wfi pasnpaxufonu, nwswna-
kmuo nucqynkuuonaninwo opasw, hponcfannonun, mouuu unu
nyncfna, nno sanucumocfu of foio, ynyf nu fo fniocfnwo nochomu-
nanun no ncom cnoom oomo unu xo nacfunnwo hponnnonun nucqynk-
uuonaninoio mafopuana. Icuxofopahonfw nonxnw paofafi c kaxnwm
us fux qakfopon ho ofnoninocfu. 1o us ux, kofopwo ofnocnfcn k oy-
cnonnunanuk nfopoio hopnnka, moiyf cfafi no sanucnmumu of unwx uc-
fonnukom ochokoucfna. 1akum opasom, nnn nocfuxonun honoxufoni-
noio paspomonun fpanmafunockoio ohwfa n kanocfno uonu nonxon
hoonoponno usupaficn kaxnwu us nofwpox nasnannwx nomonfon.
Honu, honxonnmuo nnn hopopaofku c homomik II, nknknakf
n con nkwo hponnnonun nucqynkuuonaninou unqopmauuu. Hahpu-
mop, onnou us namo ncoio uchonisyomwx u nauonoo honosnwx uonou
nnnnofcn honfopnkmoocn kommapnoo cnonunonuo. Knununockuo nank-
nonun hokaswnakf, nfo koina fakoo kommapnoo cnonunonuo usupaof-
cn n kanocfno uonu (hponmofa) nosnoucfnun, fo hcuxofopahonfunockuu
qqokf nocfuiaofcn naxo n fom cnynao, ocnu knuonf hopnonananino no
ynopon n fom, nfo umonno osnanaof fo cnonunonuo. Hacfo c homomik
II packpwnaofcn cumnonunockuu hokpon cnonunonun u sa num o-
napyxunaofcn xusnonnwu ohwf, cosnakmuu nuckomqopf. Mononi
yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu hponhonaiaof, nfo qasa cna c
wcfpwmu nnuxonunmu inas nnnnofcn kak pas fom hopuonom, koina
occosnafoninwu mafopuan nchnwnaof nnn hopopaofku. Ionnnonuo
opason nonnwx kommapon coofnocufcn c cymocfnykmum y knuonfa
yponnom aqqokfa u koinufunnou ouonku. Koina cfohoni ochokoucfna
nocfafonno nwcoka, cama qasa cna c wcfpwmu nnuxonunmu inas hpo-
pwnaofcn, a nwswnakmuu ochokoucfno mafopuan fak u ocfaofcn no ac-
cumunuponannwm.
iii
cnu opas nonnoio kommapa usupaofcn n kanocfno uonu no npomn
coanca II, on paccmafpunaofcn kak cnnsykmoo snono c fou cofik
hamnfu, n kofopou xpanufcn hponmocfnonanmuu fomy opasy fpanma-
funockuu mafopuan. Ofo cnnsykmoo snono nonaof fakou mafopuan noc-
fyhnwm nnn hcuxofopahonfunockoio nosnoucfnun u nocfuxonun paspo-
monun. Hahpumop, xonmuna xopfna cokcyaninoio nacunun ohucw-
nana nonnou kommap, n kofopom sa nou ho homopo inanoci nynonumo.
Ona no moina honnfi snanonuo cnooio cna, no fom no monoo uchwfw-
nana cuninoo nyncfno cfpaxa u ohacnocfu. Koina fof opas wn us-
pan n kanocfno uonu II, knuonfka coomuna, nfo ho mopo hocno-
nonafoninwx copuu nnuxonuu inas opas chonfanno usmonuncn u ona
ynunona cnooio nacuninuka-ofnuma, hpocnonykmoio oo ho kopunopam
foio noma, ino knuonfka xuna n nofcfno. Ofof nonwu opas cfan noc-
fyhnwm nnn naninoumou hopopaofku. unwx cnynanx opas kommap-
noio cnonunonun hpocfo paccounaofcn os honumanun oio hpuponw u
nocfuxonun kakux-nuo uncaufon.
no sanucumocfu of yponnn uncaufa, opofaomoio n fom cnynao, ocnu
opas cnonunonun c oio honfopnkmoucn kommapnou cuonou wn us-
pan n kanocfno uonu u hopopaofan, camo cnonunonuo onimo no nos-
npamaofcn. Hokofopwo hcuxofopahonfw hpunonnf hosaumcfnonannwo us
nunnwx sahucou knuonfon coomonun o fom, nfo n kanocfno uonou n
hocnonykmux coancax moinu wfi uchonisonanw nkwo ochokonmuo
cnonunonun. Ho nwswnanmuo ochokoucfna cnonunonun, n kofopwx
paspomonuo nocfuianoci omo no hpoyxnonun (nahpumop, hoona n
opio), noponfno, yxo ychomno hopopaofanw u hofomy n kanocfno
uonu nosnoucfnun ux moxno no usupafi.
Ha11cpnu u1nc1nu pcakunn
Knununockuo nanknonun hokaswnakf, nfo hpumopno 4O npomo-
nu knuonfw uchwfwnakf hpoipoccupykmuo usmononun, fniofokmuo k
paspomonuk uspannoio n kanocfno uonu fpanmafunockoio cowfun.
Iasnonunnocfu fux usmononuu ykaswnakf na fo, nfo hopopaofka sa-
fpaiunaof nco achokfw fpanmafunockux nochomunanuu u moxof pasnu-
naficn mnoionucnonnwmu hyfnmu. konuo kaxnou copuu nnuxonuu
inas knuonf moxof coomafi o usmononunx n uspannom n kanocfno uonu
nochomunanuu unu o hopoxono k npyiomy nochomunanuk. Knuonfw
ionopnf o fom, nfo nonwo nochomunanun nchnwnakf no npomn nwhon-
nonun copuu nnuxonuu inas hpakfunocku minononno, ocfananci safom
na hpofnxonuu ncou copuu; n unwx cnynanx fakuo nochomunanun nwxo-
nnf na honopxnocfi foniko hpu sanopmonuu nnuxonuu. ochomunanun
moiyf hponnnnficn foniko n qopmo nusyaninwx opason, unu xo nknk-
ii2
nafi n con mwcnu, ionoca, sahaxu, mouuu u fonocnwo omymonun.
Hnoina knuonf moxof uchwfwnafi fu nomonfw numi kak foni hopno-
nananinoio cowfun, a unoina ofnanaficn honnouonnomy ofpoaiupona-
nuk.
nn usynonun foio, kakuo fuhw usmononuu ykaswnakf na hpoucxo-
nnmyk hopopaofky, honosno wno w nopnyficn k unoo o fom, nfo cofu
hamnfu accouuafunno cnnsanw kananamu unqopmauuu. Hspannoo n
kanocfno uonu fpanmafunockoo nochomunanuo moxof wfi onnum us
mnoiux komhononfon, xpannmuxcn n fom unu unom ofnoninom kanano.
Koina nanunakfcn nnuxonun inas u unqopmauun hponnuiaofcn ho ac-
couuafunnwm kananam hamnfu, n cosnanuu nchnwnakf nonwo nocho-
munanun. Onu moiyf honnnnficn y knuonfa n nuno nchwmok (koina
cowfuo nnosahno okaswnaofcn n uonfpo nnumanun), unu xo kak cnoo-
io pona konnax us mnoiux cowfuu, unu n qopmo omymonuu n fono.
Ho umoof snanonun, n kakux umonno cyokfunnwx qopmax hponnnnof-
cn unqopmauun ho mopo hpononxonun hopopaofku knuonfy nooxo-
numo hpocfo hponnaiafi nwhonnnfi cnonykmyk copuk nnuxonuu u kon-
uonfpuponaficn na cnoom nochomunanuu.
Ipunonumwu nanoo hopononi hokaswnaof fo fuhw ofnofnou poakuuu,
kofopwo moiyf hponnnnficn y knuonfon n hpouocco hopopaofku. Icu-
xofopahonfam nooxonumo fmafonino qukcuponafi ofnofnwo poakuuu
knuonfon, fak kak onu ykaswnakf na fo, moxno nu hpononxafi hopo-
paofky unu xo cnonyof hpuoinyfi k hponnunyfwm cfumynupykmum
chocoam hcuxofopahonfunockoio nmomafonicfna, cymocfnykmum n
foxnuko II (cm. inany ?). cnu ofnofnan poakuun knuonfa no yka-
swnaof na nooxonumocfi foio, fo hcuxofopahonf moxof hpononxafi
copuu nnuxonuu inas, ho mopo foio kak y knuonfa ynyf nosnukafi nonwo
accouuauuu.
Mnoioopasuo nosmoxnwx accouuauuu, cnnsannwx c uspannwm n
kanocfno uonu cowfuom, hokasano na puc. iO.
Iopnwo mocfi fuhon accouuafunnwx kananon cosnakf cnnsi ofnoni-
nwx cowfuu, oonunonnwx moxny coou omou nufik, a conimou
kanan ykaswnaof na hopomomonuo unqopmauuu (opasa unu uncaufa),
saknknonnou n ofnoninom cowfuu u uspannou n kanocfno uonu.
Iocno sanopmonun copuu nnuxonuu inas moxof nosnuknyfi nocho-
munanuo o unom hpoucmocfnuu, accouuafunno cnnsannom c uspan-
nwm n kanocfno uonu fpanmafunockum cowfuom. Y nac nof nosmox-
nocfu ysnafi no nanana hopopaofku, kakumu umonno moiyf wfi fu
accouuauuu. Onnako kaxnwu fuh accouuauuu cnnsan c onnou us mno-
ionucnonnwx hpoonanakmux nufou. C hcuxofopahonfunockou fonku
sponun nonisn ckasafi, nfo kakou-fo onun haffopn accouuauuu hpon-
honfufoninoo npyiux, fak kak nkou us fux fuhon accouuafunnou of-
nofnou poakuuu moxof hpunonufi k nocfuxonuk honoxufoninoio pas-
iiJ
pomonun fpanmafunockoio mafopuana, ynukaninoio nnn kaxnoio unnu-
nunyaninoio knuonfa.
4ccouumuonun nepepubomuu
mnoecmoennmx oocnomununuu
Je0enun, con:unnie c mpuo+ou
osnukakmuo nochomunanun moiyf wfi oonunonw nokum hpoo-
nanakmum yoxnonuom, cnnsannwm c uspannwm n kanocfno uonu fpan-
mafunockum cowfuom. 1ak, nahpumop, nochomunanuo o anfomouni-
nou kafacfpoqo moxof okasaficn cnnsannwm c nochomunanuom o
cokcyaninom nacunuu, hockoniky oa fux cowfun oonunonw omum
yoxnonuom H occunon. Iopopaofka moxof nckpwfi kak fo, fak u
npyiuo cowfun, hponnnnn uonfpaninoo nochomunanuo, nwswnakmoo
y knuonfa nauonimoo ochokoucfno, ocnu n kanocfno uonu usupaof-
cn, nahpumop, nyncfno occunun na paonom mocfo. ononino nacfo
hcuxofopahonfw moiyf hpusnanafi naxnocfi nucqynkuuonaninwx yox-
nonuu, ohpononnn hpu fom, kakuo umonno nochomunanun cnnswnakfcn
snoci noonuno. 1akoo ofkpwfuo moxof wfi honosnwm nnn paspaofku
onoo conopmonnoio hnana nononun, no ownno hcuxofopahonfy hpu-
xonufcn ofknanwnafi ocyxnonuo mafopuana c knuonfom no fox hop, hoka
Y
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UenLJYsen
Accouna:naume kauanm
Pnc. 10. enu J yaen n aoamoxnme 1nnm accona1nanmx xananoa
ii4
nacfi hcuxofopahonfunockoio coanca, cnnsannan c nnuxonunmu inas,
no ynof sanopmona.
Hahomnum, nfo accouuauuu ownno ocnonanw na hopoxunanunx
knuonfa. oponfnocfi nosnuknononun nochomunanuu, no cnnsannwx fom
unu unwm opasom c uonik, mana. Onnako hcuxofopahonf nonxon
hosnonufi knuonfy ocfocfnonno honoufu k ocosnanuk snanonun cnnsu
(omou cnnsykmou nufu noiafunnoio yoxnonun), a no honfankunafi
oio k unonfuqukauuu c fum yoxnonuom na pannux cfanunx hopopa-
ofku. no sanucumocfu of foio, hpusnaof nu knuonf cnnsi moxny cno-
umu ofpuuafoninwmu hponcfannonunmu u nochomunanunmu, no npomn
cfanuu uncfannnuuu ynof hpoucxonufi koinufunnoo hopocfpykfypupo-
nanuo.
Ucnoonou yuucmnui u:u ounoonui
Hspannwo n kanocfno uonu nochomunanun moiyf wfi cnnsanw c
nonwmu nochomunanunmu, n cnok onoponi, cnnsannwmu c omum o-
pasom nunonnuka cowfun, kak fo ownno u wnaof. Hahpumop, cok-
cyaninwo nomoiafonicfna co cfoponw ofua knuonfku moiyf accouuupo-
naficn co cnynaom, koina ofou ynapun oo, u c fom, nfo n npyiux cnynanx
ofou no ynonnn ou nnumanun. Iopopaofka fux accouuauuu homoxof
knuonfko sakpwfi nosanopmonnoo nono, cnnsannoo c hohwfkamu
nacunun co cfoponw ofua. Hacfo hohwfku nacunun co cfoponw ponu-
fonou cosnakf hponomw, kofopwo hofom nosnukakf c fomu unu unw-
mu anfopufofnwmu hopconamu, a fakxo nonocfafok camoynaxonun u f.h.
Koina cnnsannwo c ofuom nochomunanun ynyf onnaxnw hopopaofa-
nw, knuonfka nannof chonfanno poaiuponafi na fokymuo cufyauuu ho-
unomy (nahpumop, n cnynanx, ofnocnmuxcn k hponomo camoyfnopx-
nonun na paofo).
Uueou0nie pu:0puume:u
osnukakmuo nochomunanun moiyf coofnocuficn c hopnunnwm pas-
npaxufonom, cnnsannwm c fpanmafunockum cowfuom. Hahpumop, hpu
hopopaofko nochomunanun o somnofpnconuu nofopan nounw no iof-
namo moxof nnosahno nchomnufi nfo-nuo o oonwx noucfnunx, ocnu n
ooux cowfunx hpoonanan snyk hanakmux hponmofon unu cuninwu
ipoxof. Xofn nacfo wnaof nononino fpynno ofnonufi mouuu (fakuo,
kak cfpax) unu hponcfannonun (fuha H occunon) of kakoio-nuo
nnomnoio qakfopa, moxof nosnukafi uonan noponuua accouuauuu,
ii5
hopnonananino cnnsannan concopnwmu qakfopamu, nwcfyhakmumu
safom no npomn hopopaofku n ponu cnnsykmoio snona, fak kak n nux
hpucyfcfnyof nucqynkuuonaninwu aqqokf, ofnocnmuucn k poakuuu
knuonfa na cfumyn. 1o, nfo fa poakuun nocuf nucqynkuuonaninwu
xapakfop, hponnnnofcn n nwcokom yponno kak mouuu, fak u conopxa-
moiocn n nux ofpuuafoninoio camohponcfannonun.
lneuuquuecioe coimue
osnukakmuo nohonnufoninwo nochomunanun moiyf wfi cnnsanw
c uspannwm n kanocfno uonu nochomunanuom n cuny camou hpuponw
fpanmafunockoio cowfun. Hahpumop, koina cnynau usnacunonanun
usupaofcn n kanocfno uonu y xopfn mnoiokpafnwx fpanmafunockux cny-
naon, fo moxof hponnuficn hocnononafoninan uohi nochomunanuu o
npyiux cnynanx usnacunonanuu. cfocfnonno, fu nochomunanun no-
cyf n coo fakoo xo ofpuuafoninoo hponcfannonuo u mouuu, kak u
uspannwu n kanocfno uonu cnynau, u ocnonnou cnnsykmou nufik
nnnnofcn cam qakf usnacunonanun. 1o xo camoo ofnocufcn k ofnoni-
nwm nochomunanunm o cokcyaninwx nomoiafonicfnax n nofckom nospa-
cfo, nosnukakmux no npomn hopopaofku, koina n kanocfno uonu us-
upakfcn npyiuo qopmw cokcyaninoio nacunun. Hooxonumo ocosnanafi
u fo, nfo xopfna mnoiokpafnwx cnynaon cokcyaninwx nomoiafonicfn unu
usnacunonanuu moxof nyncfnonafi con hopoipyxonnou nochomunanu-
nmu o mnoionucnonnwx cnynanx nahanonuu, nosnukakmumu no npomn
hcuxofopahonfunockoio coanca. Cnonyof wfi ocoonno nnumafoninwm
k fakum knuonfam, saofuficn o cosnanuu y nux nyncfna osohacnocfu
u ychokaunafi ux fom, nfo onu ncoina cmoiyf hpu nooxonumocfu of-
noxnyfi. Ipouonypnwo maiu, hocnnmonnwo fomy, kak fo cnonafi,
ohucanw n inano 5, a nohonnufoninan unqopmauun o paofo c knuon-
famu fakoio fuha hponcfannona n inano ii.
1peo:u0uumue qu:uueciue omymenun
Hooxonumo homnufi, nfo qusunockuo omymonun, hopoxufwo no
npomn fpanmafunockoio cowfun, xpannfcn n nopnnou cucfomo u moiyf
cocfannnfi ocnonnyk nufi accouuafunno cnnsannwx hocnoncfnuu. 1ak,
nahpumop, onna knuonfka hopoxuna n nofcfno cnynau qusunockoio
nacunun: mafi umona hpunwnky hpunnswnafi poonka sa pyku k kponafu
u usunafi pykonfkou mofnw. Koina xonmuna hopopaafwnana fo noc-
homunanuo, fo hpoonanakmum qusunockum omymonuom wno nanno-
nuo n onacfu pyk u sahncfuu. Cnonykmoo nochomunanuo, nosnukmoo
ii6
n cosnanuu, wno cnnsano co cnynaom cokcyaninoio nomoiafonicfna u
nknknano n con qusunockoo omymonuo, koina ofou sacfanun oo nsnfi-
cn pykamu sa oio honuc. Ofo nochomunanuo cmonunoci opasom onnoio
us nacuninukon, nopxanmoio oo pyku no npomn nahanonun. unani-
noo nochomunanuo wno cnnsano c hpoyxnonuom hocno ohopauuu
knuonfka, hpunnsannan k kponafu n oninunnou hanafo, kpunana of
onu, no honuman, nfo hpoucxonuf. Ofu hocnononafoninwo nochomu-
nanun packpwnu nnn hauuonfku, nfo hpununou yxaca, uchwfannoio n
oninuuo, wno nyncfno nacunun u ohacnocfu, accouuupykmoocn c nan-
nonuom na sahncfin.
1peo:u0uumue :+ouuu
osnukakmuo nochomunanun moiyf wfi oonunonw hopnunnou
mouuou, ofnocnmoucn k fpanmafunockomy cowfuk. Hahpumop, ho-
popaofka nochomunanun o qunanconom kpaxo cnooio nona, nwsnanmom
nyncfna ofnannun u osnanoxnocfu, moxof cohponoxnaficn onoo pan-
num nochomunanuom o cnynao, koina ponufonu ocfanunu hauuonfa on-
noio u on hopoxunan fakuo xo mouuu. Xofn moxno naufu hponcfan-
nonuo, cnnswnakmoo fu nna cowfun, hopnunnwmu nnn knuonfa
nnnnkfcn hopohonnnkmuo oio mouuu; nanafi fum mouunm koinufun-
nyk ouonky nnn hauuonfa nof nukakou nooxonumocfu.
Hahomnum omo pas, nfo sanana hcuxofopahonfa cocfouf n fom, nfow
iapmonusuponafi nco hponnnonun mouuonaninoio nucfpocca, kofopwm
honnopiaofcn knuonf no npomn hopopaofku. 1ak, hauuonfka, hopopa-
afwnakman pnn hocnononafoninwx nochomunanuu, nwswnakmux nyn-
cfno cuninoio ofnannun u osnanoxnocfu, unu xo (n fom cnynao, ocnu
ona nnnnofcn xopfnou mnoiokpafnwx usnacunonanuu) na monfaninom
yponno cnona hpoxonnman nopos nco hpoucxonunmuo n oo xusnu fpan-
mafunockuo cnynau, uchwfwnaof fakoo nyncfno, kak ynfo na noo
naosxaof hoosn. Icuxofopahonf nonxon nomonnonno poaiuponafi na
nkwo cuinanw knuonfa o fom, nfo fof nyxnaofcn n ocfanonko u of-
nwxo. 1akan poakuun no foniko ynonununaof nosmoxnocfu knuonfa n
nkou momonf ckasafi nof u ycunufi nyncfno, nfo cufyauun naxonufcn
hon konfponom, no u omo pas honnopkunaof, nfo umonno knuonf n ko-
nonnom cnofo pomaof, koina umonno nooxonumo ocfanonufi hopopa-
ofky u ofnoxnyfi. Onnako hcuxofopahonf nonxon ofmofufi, nfo, ocnu
xopfna usnacunonanun ionopuf no npomn hopopaofku Cfoh, ona
moxof nopanusonafi counac fo, nfo ionopuna unu xofona ckasafi na-
cuninuky, u umonno na fo wnu nahpannonw oo mwcnu no npomn fpan-
mafunockoio cowfun, nochomunanun o kofopwx counac nwmnu na ho-
nopxnocfi. cnu cnona Hof u Cfoh opamonw k nacuninuky,
fo onu nonxnw wfi uspanw n kanocfno uonu nnn naninoumux copuu
ii?
nnuxonuu inas. cnu xo fu cnona opamonw k hcuxofopahonfy, fo onu
osnanakf, nfo nnuxonun inas nonxnw wfi hpokpamonw no fox hop,
hoka knuonf no hoxonaof hpononxufi hopopaofky. o usoxanuo cmo-
munanun fux nnyx cnynaon nooxonumo hponnoxufi knuonfky honanafi
snak pykou, nwpaxakmuu xonanuo ocfanonufi hpouocc. cnu y hcu-
xofopahonfa nosnukakf comnonun, omy nooxonumo ocfanonufi hopo-
paofky u sanafi knuonfko nohpoc o hpoucxonnmom.
Oqqeum nepepubomuu e0ununnoeo oocnomununun
Iopopaofka nacfo cohponoxnaofcn nosnuknononuom nonwx nocho-
munanuu, u hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo ofmofufi nnn con, nfo unoi-
na fu nonwo nochomunanun nwxonnf na honopxnocfi numi na nokofo-
poo npomn na hpofnxonuu copuu nnuxonuu inas, a safom cnona
nosnpamakfcn k hopnonananino uspannomy n kanocfno uonu fpanmafu-
nockomy nochomunanuk. unwx cnynanx n cosnanuu no nosnukaof
nukakux nonwx nochomunanuu u coxpannofcn foniko uspannoo n ka-
nocfno uonu cowfuo. bwnaof u fak, nfo uoni moxof hopomomaficn na
unwo nochomunanun, ocfakmuocn safom n cosnanuu na hpofnxonuu
onimou nacfu coanca. o ncox hononwx cnynanx (koina ofnoninoo
cowfuo hpononxaof coxpannficn hpu hocnonykmux copunx nnuxonuu
inas) hcuxofopahonf moxof ohpononnfi uoni ho npyium hpusnakam yc-
homnoio hpoxoxnonun hpouocca hopopaofku.
Onnum us fakux hpusnakon nnnnofcn coomonuo knuonfa o usmo-
nonuu unu cnnuio n nkom us hnfu ofnoninwx achokfon nochomunanun:
opaso, snykax, hponcfannonuu, mouunx unu qusunockux omymonu-
nx. Xofn nco achokfw cowfun hocfonnno usmonnkfcn (u hpunuuhu-
aninoo usmononuo n hponcfannonuu ownno kopponupyof c usmononu-
om n qusunockux omymonunx u mouunx), knuonf moxof onapyxufi,
nfo n oio cosnanuu hpoonanaof kakou-fo onun achokf. Ipu fom knu-
onfa nooxonumo hoompnfi k nopanusauuu nkwx fakux achokfon.
fof momonf, koina usmononuo cfanonufcn ononunnwm, hcuxofopahonf
nonxon homnufi, nfo knuonfa nonisn nwpwnafi us hpouocca, chpamu-
nan o fom, nfo on no coomaof chonfanno cam.
H:+enenun o opu:e
Opas uspannoio n kanocfno uonu cowfun moxof cmonuficn opa-
som npyioio, accouuafunno cnnsannoio cowfun, unu cmocfuficn na
npyiuo achokfw foio xo camoio cowfun. Onnako opas moxof usmo-
nufi u cnoo conopxanuo unu qopmy hponnnonun. Ipu usmononuu co-
nopxanun opas xufpoio unu snonoio nuua moxof cmonuficn na opas
ii8
nuua ynwakmoiocn; opyxuo n pykax nacuninuka moxof ucnosnyfi u f.h.
Opas moxof usmonufi qopmw cnooio hponnnonun hyfom cmomonun hop-
chokfunw, pacmuponun cuonw cowfun unu nknknonun n noo onimo-
io konunocfna nofanou. Hahpumop, knuonf noccfanonun nochomunanuo
o ncfpono, na kofopou on wn honnopinyf ynuxonuk, no cnanana on
nunon foniko nuuo ockopunmoio oio konnoiu. Io mopo hpononxonun
hopopaofku cuona pacmupunaci, kak ynfo packpwnuci nokuo mfopw.
Ha pacmupunmoucn cuono knuonf ynunon npyiux nknou c onoo hpunf-
nwm nwpaxonuom nuu. fom hpumopo unfopocno ofmofufi, nfo fa-
kan camoyfnopxnakman unqopmauun fakxo wna ckpwfa n nopnnou
cucfomo knuonfa. Onnako panoo k fou unqopmauuu no wno nocfy-
ha, hponhonoxufonino hofomy, nfo nuuo cofpynnuka accouuuponanoci
c ohponononnwm yponnom nomunupykmoio aqqokfa (fponoxnocfi u ynu-
xonuo). Koina nucqynkuuonaninan unqopmauun wna hopopaofana,
wn honynon nocfyh ko ncom accouuafunno cnnsannwm cofnm hamnfu.
Iocno nononun fof knuonf noccfanonun nosmoxnocfi nunofi no foni-
ko nuuo ynusunmoio oio nononoka, no u npyiuo, honoxufoninwo nofa-
nu, fak nfo koina omy hponnoxunu noccfanonufi opas, fponoxnocfi
yxo onimo no nomunuponana u on chonfanno ynunon pacmuponnyk
cuony nochomunanun.
Ychomnocfi hopopaofku moxno cnufafi ononunnou, koina knuonf
coomaof o npyiux usmononunx n hponnnonuu opasa. Oman kapfuna
moxof pacmupuficn unu xo, naoopof, ymonimuficn u hpunnfi nonc-
nwo onopfanun; ona moxof cfafi fycknou u copou, hopomocfuficn nu-
xo unu nanimo; unoina moxof honnocfik ckpwficn. 1onnyk hpupony
fux usmononuu mw no moxom hponnunofi. Knuonfw, kofopwo nonx-
nw nanafi fonnwu ofnof o kakom-nuo cowfuu n honuuuu unu n cyno,
nonxnw wfi hponyhpoxnonw, nfo hocno nononun onu, nosmoxno, yxo
no cmoiyf noccfanonufi n honnou mopo kapfuny cowfun. Y nokofopwx
knuonfon moxof nosnukafi samomafonicfno unu ochokoucfno, koina
kapfuna cowfun nanunaof ucnosafi. Onu nacfo ionopnf hpu fom:
Hanopnoo, n cnonan nfo-fo no fak n no moiy nopnyfi opafno kap-
funy cowfun. Icuxofopahonfy nooxonumo ynopufi knuonfa n fom,
nfo nco hpoucxonnmuo ho mopo hopopaofku usmononun ocfocfnonnw u
ocnu hauuonf yfpafun kapfuny cowfun, omy nooxonumo hpocfo ny-
mafi o cnynunmomcn nno sanucumocfu of foio, nfo hpu fom nosnukaof
y noio n ymo.
Hokofopwo knuonfw uchwfwnakf ochokoucfno, koina kapfuna co-
wfun nanunaof ucnosafi, onci, nfo fak onu yfpafnf u hpunfnwo noc-
homunanun unu xo honnocfik saynyf o fom cnynao, kofopwu hpouso-
mon c numu. 1akux knuonfon nooxonumo sanopufi, nfo uspannoo n
kanocfno uonu cowfuo no ynof honnocfik sawfo, a hpunfnwo cow-
fun u mouuu nukoina no yfpanunakfcn hpu II-hcuxofopahuu. Hm
ii
nooxonumo oncnufi, nfo nucqynkuuonaninan unqopmauun wna
hoponapona u hponpamona n onoo honosnwo qopmw u nfo nco usmo-
nonun cnnsanw co chocoom xpanonun unqopmauuu n nopnnou cucfo-
mo, a nwswnakmuo ochokoucfno kapfuna unu mouuu onimo no y-
nyf hpoonanafi.
kwo usmononun n opaso, o kofopwx coomaof knuonf, nnnnkf-
cn hpusnakamu hpouocca hopopaofku unqopmauuu, u cyokfunnan
hpupona fux usmononuu no fpoyof, nfow hcuxofopahonf sananan
knuonfy kakuo-nuo nohpocw. Hnwmu cnonamu, no umoof snanonun,
onimo cfana kapfuna unu monimo, unu honnnnofcn nu ona fohopi ho-
pon knuonfom pasmwfou.
cnu hcuxofopahonf ofmonaof kakuo-nuo hpusnaku usmononuu, on
snaof, nfo hpouocc hopopaofku hpoucxonuf. H hpocfoio yfnopxnonun
Kaxofcn, nfo-fo usmonunoci ynof nhonno nocfafonno. Icuxofopa-
honf nonxon usoiafi sananafi knuonfy nohpocw o fux usmononunx.
Iohwfka nafi nofaninoo ohucanuo kapfunw cowfun unu hpuponw no-
ohpononumoio usmononun moxof napymufi hpouocc hopopaofku, hpo-
hnfcfnyn nocfuxonuk honoxufoninoio posynifafa.
H:+enenun o :oyiux
Ionoca nknou n nochomunanuu knuonfa, uspannom n kanocfno uonu
u hponmofa nosnoucfnun, moiyf cfanonuficn fumo unu honnocfik uc-
nosafi. onnom us hpumopon knuonfka coomana, nfo uspannoo co-
wfuo nknknano n con kpuk poonka; nopos nockoniko copuu nnuxo-
nuu inas ona ckasana, nfo kpuk honnocfik ucnos. Iononwm xo
opasom snyku cfponiw u nspwnon moiyf ycununaficn unu ocnaonafi
ho mopo hpononxonun hopopaofku.
Knuonfw ownno coomakf o usmononunx n snykonwx komhonon-
fax uspannoio n kanocfno uonu unu hponmofa nosnoucfnun nochomuna-
nun, koina hopopaofka cnnsana c opasamu hpocfyhnukon, ponufonou
unu npyiux nuu n pasnunnwx napuanfax couuaninoio okpyxonun. cnu
hpoucxonuf hopopaofka konqnukfnou cufyauuu na paofo, moiyf us-
monnficn nochomunanun o nohpunfnom nuanoio u knuonf nanunaof chon-
fanno uchonisonafi nonwo, onoo yfnopxnakmuo nwpaxonun, n fo
npomn kak cofpynnuk, c kofopwm cnnsan konqnukf, nanunaof nwu-
pafi hpu ocono onoo noxnunwo u honfufoninwo cnona. o npomn co-
puu nnuxonuu inas knuonf nacfo nanunaof nopanino ofcfaunafi con
hopon ponufonnmu, snoyhofponnnmumu cnoou nnacfik. Icuxofopahonf
nonxon honanpunafi knuonfa, nfow fof honfopnn fu samumakmuo
yfnopxnonun nuo hpo con, nuo ncnyx, no fox hop hoka onu no cfa-
i2O
nyf omymaficn nocfafonno cunino. 1akan nopanusauun nacfo moxof
hpunonufi k snanufoninomy hpopwny y fox hauuonfon, kofopwo saquk-
cuponanuci na cnoou nofckou ponu, uchonnonnwo honfonun k ponufo-
nnm u npyium anfopufofnwm quiypam.
mocfo c hponnnonuom opasa knuonfw moiyf chonfanno nchomunafi
cnona, ycnwmannwo no npomn fpanmafunockoio cowfun, fak xo kak u
hpomoniknynmuo y nux n fo npomn mwcnu. Hononok, nwpocmuu n co-
mio, ino aninuuckuu no wn ocnonnwm nswkom, hpu hopopaofko pan-
nux nochomunanuu moxof nnpyi saionopufi na cnoom ponnom nswko.
cnu knuonf nanunaof ionopufi na unocfpannom nswko, kofopoio nw
no snaofo, hponnoxufo omy hpocfo nymafi o fom u hpononxaufo co-
puu nnuxonuu inas. Xofn knuonf moxof ionopufi na nswko cnooio nof-
cfna, on hpononxaof honumafi ykasanun, nanaomwo ho-aninuucku.
H:+enenun o npe0cmuo:enunx
Hacfo ypononi honumanun y knuonfa nospacfaof of onnou copuu nnu-
xonuu k npyiou. Io mopo hopopaofku unqopmauuu hponcfannonun
hauuonfa moiyf cfafi hcuxofopahonfunocku onoo anahfunnwmu. Onnako
no foio, kak unqopmauun ynof honnocfik hopopaofana, hponcfan-
nonun no ynyf honnocfik anoknafnwmu. Ionopn mofaqopunocku, hoka
hoosn no nocfuinof hocnonnou ocfanonku, on no hpuynof n mocfo cnooio
nasnanonun. Io mopo nnuxonun hoosna, f.o. n hpouocco hopopaofku,
n haysax moxny copunmu nnuxonuu inas ynof ocfanaficn ohponononnwu
nucqynkuuonaninwu mafopuan, nyxnakmuucn n naninoumom nosnou-
cfnuu, u hcuxofopahonf nonxon no honnanaficn uckymonuk uccnono-
nafi fo unu unoo unqopmauuonnoo hnafo, fak kak n fom cnynao hpo-
uocc moxof sacfohopuficn. Io mopo foio kak knuonf coomaof o
hpoucxonnmux usmononunx, hcuxofopahonfy cnonyof nahpannnfi oio,
nfow on hpocfo nyman o hponcfannonunx, nopanusonannwx no npomn
hponwnymou copuu nnuxonuu inas.
Iopuonunocku knuonf moxof hponnnnfi hpofunohonoxnyk poakuuk,
koina n nananinwo momonfw hopopaofku hpoucxonuf nnosahnwu ho-
poxon of ofpuuafoninoio hponcfannonun k honoxufoninomy. pamkax
unqopmauuonno-hopopaafwnakmou mononu fo nnnonuo moxof wfi
hpounfophpofuponano kak usmononuo n nopnnwx cofnx of konquiypa-
uuu fuha nof no konquiypauuu fuha na. Hnano ionopn, knuonf
moxof nanafi hpouocc hopopaofku co cnon: Co mnou nfo-fo no fak
n ofnomonuu couuaninou cufyauuu, a hocno nwhonnonun copuu nnu-
xonuu inas on moxof nanafi nymafi: Y monn nco hpokpacno. Koina
hpoucxonuf fakou honopof, moxno hponhonaiafi, nfo knuonf nocfui
i2i
konua accouuafunnoio kanana hamnfu. 1oina hcuxofopahonf nonxon
nahpanufi oio opafno k hopnonananinomy ysny (uspannomy n kanocfno
uonu nochomunanuk) u hpononxafi hopopaofky. Hnoina hpu fom
moiyf packpwnaficn nohonnufoninwo nucqynkuuonaninwo kananw, a
unoina nof.
H:+enenun o :+ouunx
Io mopo hopopaofku nochomunanuu unfoncunnocfi accouuupyk-
muxcn c numu mouuu ymonimaofcn. Onnako nooxonumo homnufi, nfo
ypononi mouuu moxof npamafunocku nospacfafi hopon fom, kak noc-
homunanuo nocfuinof cnooio anahfunnoio paspomonun. xono usmo-
nonun yponnn mouuu, kak oio honwmonun, fak u honuxonun, hpo-
ucxonuf hopopaofka unqopmauuu. Koina mouuu nnnnkfcn hpoona-
nakmum nomonfom n nochomunanuu, hcuxofopahonf moxof uchoniso-
nafi Hkany cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna nnn ouonunanun cfo-
honu usmononuu.
Onnako nooxonumo homnufi, nfo unoina foio usmoponun moxof
wfi nonocfafonno. Y mnoiux hpoucxonnf usmononun xapakfopa mo-
uuu (nahpumop, of nyncfna iopn k inony), a fakxo usmononun ux un-
foncunnocfu. Koina nononok uchwfwnaof pasnunnwo mouuu, ypononi
cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna moxof honwmaficn (fponoxnocfi
na yponno J onunuu moxof hopoxonufi n honani na yponno ? onunuu),
honuxaficn unu ocfanaficn nousmonnwm. Icuxofopahonf nonxon wfi
nnumafonon ko ncom nonwm mouunm, nosnukakmum no npomn coanca,
nfow hpu nooxonumocfu unfu nancfpony unfopocam knuonfa. Hahpu-
mop, nokofopwo qopmw nopaninou u nonopaninou honnopxku nono-
noka, uchwfwnakmoio hpucfyh kpaunoio inona, hpunuuhuanino ofnu-
nakfcn of honnopxku, nooxonumou knuonfy, uchwfwnakmomy
cfpananuo unu ofnannuo.
Knuonfw nacfo coomakf o hpoipoccupykmux usmononunx ho na-
hpannonuk k mouunm, onoo nanunnwm nnn nux. Ofo usmononuo y-
nof hponnnnfi con kak nnuxonuo nopos pasnunnwo cnou mouuu (na-
hpumop, of nyncfna nunw k npocfu, of npocfu k cfpananuk, of
cfpananun k hpunnfuk). Kaxnwu knuonf poaiupyof na hpoucxonnmoo
ynukaninwm opasom, no unoina no nosnukaof nukakux chouuqunoc-
kux mouuonaninwx cocfonnuu. Xofn y onnux unnununon ofpoaiupo-
nanuo hpoucxonuf c nwcokou mouuonaninou unfoncunnocfik, y npy-
iux hopopaofka moxof hpofokafi c nocima nosnanufoninwmu nnomnumu
hponnnonunmu.
i22
H:+enenun o qu:uueciux omymenunx
Koina hpoucxonuf hopopaofka nochomunanun, onimuncfno knu-
onfon uchwfwnakf hponnnonun foio hpouocca na comafunockom ypon-
no. Omymonun n fono moiyf wfi cnnsanw c mouunmu, hopoxunaomwmu
no npomn hopopaofku (nahpumop, honwmonuo nacfofw hynica u nahpn-
xonuo n xunofo accouuupykfcn co cfpaxom). Hnoina fonocnwo omymo-
nun no npomn hopopaofku coofnofcfnykf fom omymonunm n fono, ko-
fopwo wnu no npomn hopnonananinoio fpanmafunockoio cowfun (kak,
nahpumop, n fom cnynao, koina knuonfka, kofopyk n nofcfno hpunn-
swnanu sa pyku k kponafu, uchwfwnana nahpnxonuo n kucfnx pyk no
npomn hopopaofku foio nochomunanun). H nakonou, omymonun n fono
moiyf wfi nochouuqunockum qusunockum ofpaxonuom nucqynkuuo-
naninwx hponcfannonuu.
Iopopaofka moxof comafunocku hponnnnficn n qopmo usannonun
of qusunockux omymonuu; knuonf moxof uchwfwnafi cnuxonuo ux
unfoncunnocfu c kaxnou copuou nnuxonuu inas. Hsmononun moiyf
cnonuficn k cnuxonuk nacfofw hynica unu kakum-nuo unwm hponn-
nonunm, kofopwo moxno hpocnonufi no camoio hopnonananinoio ho-
poxunanun. kanocfno hpumopa hpunonom cnynau c knuonfom, hon-
nopianmumcn xocfokomy nakasanuk: mafi oxuiana omy pyku, hpukna-
nwnan ux k packanonnou honu. Ipu hopopaofko hopnonananinoo o-
xuiakmoo omymonuo wno hopoxufo sanono fak xo npko, kak n hpo-
mnom. Onnako c kaxnou copuou nnuxonuu inas fof nononok nyncfno-
nan, kak unfoncunnocfi omymonuu cnuxanaci. Hooxonumo homnufi,
nfo xofn knuonf moxof uchwfwnafi numi noohponononnwo u cmyfnwo
qusunockuo omymonun n nanano coanca II-hcuxofopahuu, unfon-
cunnocfi fux omymonuu n nkoo npomn moxof nospacfu.
usunockuo omymonun, uchwfwnaomwo no npomn II-hcuxofo-
pahuu, cnunofonicfnykf o fom, nfo hpouocc hopopaofku unqopmauuu
noucfnufonino hpoucxonuf. Iockoniky qusunockuo omymonun no npomn
fpanmafunockoio cowfun saqukcuponanw n nopnnou cucfomo, cfumy-
nuponanuo fpanmafunockou unqopmauuu moxof hopoxunaficn n fou
nacfu fona, ino onu nokanusuponanuci hopnonananino (hocponcfnom
aqqoponfnou/qqoponfnou nopnnou cucfomw). 1akan cfumynnuun, fak
xo kak u nkwo npyiuo onosnonnwo omymonun, moxof kasaficn hpu-
cyfcfnykmou n ohponononnou nacfu fona, kofopan wna honpoxnona,
no cam ononou uonfp hpu fom, kononno xo, pachonoxon n mosio.
Xofn foopofunocku mw oncnnom snoci nco fo kak coxpanonuo omy-
monuu n nopnnwx cofnx, honfopnoo hopoxunanuo nochomunanun (hpo-
ucxonnmoo n cnynao ofpoaiuponanun) hpu ofcyfcfnuu coofnofcfnykmou
honiofonku moxof wfi hyiakmum kak nnn knuonfa, fak u nnn hcuxo-
i2J
fopahonfa. Hnnunun, uchwfwnakmuu nucfpocc hpu pocfumynupona-
nuu onu, cohponoxnanmou qusunockoo nahanonuo, nonxon naxonuficn
n komqopfnwx ycnonunx na hpofnxonuu ncoio coanca, u omy nooxonu-
mo hocfonnno nahomunafi o fom, nfo n nacfonmoo npomn on nno ohac-
nocfu. cnu xo cam hcuxofopahonf uchwfwnaof nuckomqopf of foio,
nfo knuonf hopoxunaof cuninwo mouuu u qusunockuo omymonun nw-
cokou unfoncunnocfu, fo on no nonxon paofafi c foxnukou II.
Ofo hponyhpoxnonuo ocoonno naxno, fak kak knuonf moxof wfi omo
onimo fpanmuponan n fom cnynao, ocnu hcuxofopahonf hponnnnof cfpax
unu ofnpamonuo ho ofnomonuk k oio poakuuu no npomn hopopaofku.
Ipusnakom hopopaofku unqopmauuu moxof wfi fakxo hopomomo-
nuo mocfa pachonoxonun fonocnwx omymonuu. Hahpumop, knuonf n
nanano hpouocca ofmonaof nahpnxonnocfi n onacfu xonynka, no c
kaxnou copuou nnuxonuu inas fo omymonuo nochpunumaofcn kak ho-
pomomakmoocn nnopx (k ipynu, iopny unu ionono). Icuxofopahonf hpu
fom nonxon nahpannnfi knuonfa, hpocfo hponnaian omy nymafi o no-
nom mocfo pachonoxonun omymonun, no hwfanci ynocfonopuficn, nfo
umonno nahomunaof uchwfwnaomoo nyncfno, u no fpoyn ohucanun foio,
nfo fo nyncfno osnanaof. Mnoiuo knuonfw nochpunumakf qusunoc-
kuo omymonun fak, ynfo onu naxonnfcn n ionono. Ofu hopoxunanun
nonxnw honnopiaficn hcuxofopahuu no kak nokuo mofaqopunockuo o-
pasonanun, a kak noucfnufoninwo qusunockuo omymonun. Icuxofopa-
honf nonxon nahpannnfi knuonfa, nfow fof cocponofonun cnoo nnu-
manuo na ncox nacfnx fona, n kofopwx n nacfonmoo npomn nokanusupykfcn
omymonun, no sananan hpu fom nohpocon o fom, ino fu omymonun
wnu no npomn hponwnymux copuu nnuxonuu inas. Kpomo foio, ocnu
knuonf ionopuf o iononokpyxonuu, onosnonnwx omymonunx unu fom-
nofo unu xo ocnu hocno nnyx copuu nnuxonuu nof nukakux usmononuu
n omymonuu, hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo usmonufi nahpannonuo nnu-
xonuu inas, nfow usmonufi qusunockuo omymonun.
Xofn qusunockuo omymonun, nosnukakmuo n hpouocco II,
moxno cnufafi honxonnmou uonik nnn hocnonykmux copuu nnuxonuu
inas, hcuxofopahonf nonxon pykononcfnonaficn snpanwm cmwcnom.
Hokofopwo qusunockuo omymonun n noucfnufoninocfu moiyf wfi po-
synifafom fox unu unwx hponom, cymocfnykmux n nacfonmuu momonf.
Kononno, copnonnwu hpucfyh moxof hpousoufu u no npomn II-
hcuxofopahuu, fak xo kak no npomn honun n xopo. Onnako u c fakum
hponocfopoxonuom ncoina nooxonumo cnufaficn, n ocoonnocfu hpu
paofo c nknimu hoxunoio nospacfa.
Koina knuonf coomaof o onu n inasax, copuu nnuxonuu inas non-
xnw wfi hpuocfanonnonw u hauuonfy nooxonumo opafuficn k npa-
ny-okynucfy, nfow fof nan pokomonnauuu, kakuo umonno fuhw nnu-
i24
xonuu inas moiyf nwhonnnficn no npomn II. nuxonun inas non-
xnw cpasy xo hpokpamaficn hpu honnnonuu onosnonnwx omymonuu.
fakom cnynao nnuxonun inas moiyf wfi samononw anifopnafunnw-
mu cfumynamu.
ainn4nuc aggck1u
Yhomnnyfwo usmononun ohucanw snoci nnn foio, nfow nafi omoo
hponcfannonuo o fom, noio moxno oxunafi n xono coanca II. Io-
ckoniky foxnuka II no nnnnofcn cfpoio poinamonfuponannwm hon-
xonom, fo no moxof wfi u nnyx onunakonwx hcuxofopahonfunockux
coancon. Icuxofopahonfw nonxnw wfi nnumafoninw u usmonnfi xon
hpouonypw n nkoo npomn, hpuchocanunan oio k nyxnam knuonfa,
usoian nochpunfun foxnuku II kak nokoio coponnonanun n wcf-
poumom nocfuxonuu posynifafon. Onu nonxnw wfi iofonw uchoni-
sonafi cnou cocfnonnwo ymonun ho cosnanuk pahhopfa u nco knunu-
nockuo nosmoxnocfu nnn honnopxku knuonfa. Oqqokfunnocfi II
n onimou mopo sanucuf kak of kanocfna foio hyfomocfnun, fak u of
ohponononun hpanuninoio nahpannonun.
Hpak1nka uu nancnncv
Hncfpykfopw, oynakmuo foxnuko II, moiyf usnnufi xonanuo
nanknafi sa hpoxonnmumu oynonuo hcuxofopahonfamu hpu nwhonno-
nuu umu hpakfunockux yhpaxnonuu, nfo hosnonuf hpakfukonaficn n
nwswnanuu u qopmuponanuu ofpuuafoninwx u honoxufoninwx hpon-
cfannonuu n pasnunnwx cufyauunx paswipwnanun ponou. nn mnoiux
hcuxofopahonfon fa nacfi hpouocca II nnnnofcn nononino fpynnou.
Iopononi fuhunnwx hponcfannonuu nknknon n Ipunoxonuo I, u fo
homoxof kak hcuxofopahonfam, fak u knuonfam oynuficn hpouoccy
qopmuponanun hponcfannonuu. annwu hopononi moxof wfi fakxo
honoson oynakmumcn foxnuko II n uchonisonanuu pasnunnwx fu-
hon nnuxonuu inas u anifopnafunnwx qopm cfumynuponanun. Iponho-
naiaofcn, nfo hcuxofopahonf pasopofcn no ncom fom, hpoxno nom y-
nof hwfaficn uchonisonafi II n knununockom coanco ho hopo-
paofko.
i25
H1urn n nunuu
Icuxofopahonfunockuo qqokfw II ocnonanw na choconocfu
usupafi n kanocfno uonu nucqynkuuonaninwu mafopuan u hpuopofafi
k nomy nocfyh. Iopnonananino usupaomwo n kanocfno uonu hponnno-
nun foio mafopuana nknknakf opas, ofpuuafoninoo hponcfannonuo u
qusunockuo omymonun, accouuupykmuocn c fpanmafunockum cowfu-
om. Ocnonnwo mopw nknknakf n con unonfuqukauuk cfumynupyomwx
mouuu, ouonunanuo ho Hkano cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna nnn
ohponononun unfoncunnocfu ochokoucfna u ouonunanuo ho Hkano
coofnofcfnun hponcfannonuu, hokaswnakmoo, nackoniko knuonf nopuf
n xonaomwo nnn noio honoxufoninwo hponcfannonun. Iopopaofka
uspannoio n kanocfno uonu mafopuana nanunaofcn c foio, nfo knuonf
cocponofonunaofcn na coofnofcfnykmom cfumyno (nnuxonuu inas, ho-
cfykunanuu ho pyko unu na snykax), onnonpomonno ynopxunan n cosna-
nuu oonunonnwo nmocfo nomonfw uonu (opas, hponcfannonuo u qu-
sunockoo omymonuu). Iopopaofka hpoucxonuf no npomn hocnononafoni-
nwx cfumynupykmux copuu nnuxonuu inas, usmonnkmuxcn ho mopo
ocyxnonun hpouocca c knuonfom, conopmaomom nnn ohponononun cno-
nykmou uonu.
Kononnan uoni II-hcuxofopahuu cocfouf n nwswnanuu yckopon-
nou hopopaofku unqopmauuu. Iopnan cfanun nacfyhaof foina, koina
knuonf hpusnaofcn honxonnmum kannunafom nnn hpoxoxnonun II
u nknknaofcn n hnan nononun. Ha nfopou cfanuu knuonfa iofonnf k
nkwm fpynnocfnm, kofopwo moiyf hponnuficn y noio no npomn coan-
con unu moxny numu. 1pofin cfanun, cfanun ouonku, cocponofonona
na nwopo uonu u ohponononuu oo komhononfon u hapamofpon. Ha hpo-
fnxonuu fou cfanuu hcuxofopahonf hpononuf cfumynupykmuo copuu
nnuxonuu inas. Hofnopfan cfanun, cfanun noconcuunusauuu, cocpo-
nofonona na cocfonnuu ochokoucfna, ouonunaomom ho Hkano cyok-
funnwx onunuu ochokoucfna. Koina fa paofa sanopmaofcn, nanuna-
ofcn cfanun uncfannnuuu, cocponofononnan na ycfanonnonuu u ycunonuu
honoxufoninoio. Ha mocfou cfanuu ocfanmancn hopopaofka nohonnn-
ofcn nkwm nonwm mafopuanom, nosnukakmum hpu ckanuponanuu fona.
Coniman cfanun sanopmonuo nosnpamaof knuonfa n cocfonnuo mo-
uuonaninou ypannonomonnocfu. Knuonfy nahomunakf o hofonuuani-
nwx nosmoxnocfnx hopopaofku, cymocfnykmux moxny coancamu. o
npomn ocyxnonun knuonfy hponnaiakf sahucafi nco cohyfcfnykmuo
II qopmw ochokoucfna n xypnan u uchonisonafi pasnoopasnwo
foxnuku ponakcauuu nnn nocfuxonun ofnocufoninoio cocfonnun hokon.
ociman, hocnonnnn cfanun cfanun hopoouonku ohpononnof kanocfno
nocfuinyfwx hcuxofopahonfunockux qqokfon.
Ipumononuo foxnuku II nnn nononun fpanmafunockux nochomu-
nanuu, ofnofcfnonnwx sa honnnonuo hafonoiunockux cumhfomon, nknk-
naof n con ipyhhuponanuo cowfuu ho knacfopam u safom uspanuo n
kanocfno uonu no foniko nauonoo snanumwx u hponcfanufoninwx noc-
homunanuu us kaxnoio knacfopa, no fakxo nonnwx kommapon u cymo-
cfnykmux n nacfonmoo npomn unwx fpanmafunockux qakfopon. Akfu-
nauun hpucymou knuonfy camoucuonnkmou cucfomw hopopaofku fpan-
mafunockou unqopmauuu moxof wfi conopmona c munumaninwm knu-
nunockum nmomafonicfnom. Io mopo hopopaofku hcuxofopahonfunoc-
kuo qqokfw ouonunakfcn ho coomonunm knuonfon u honnnonuk
nonwx nochomunanuu, honnunonnwx haffopnam cofou accouuafunnou
hamnfu, cnnsannwx omumu ocfonfonicfnamu, namokakmumu na fpan-
my (ohponononnwo yoxnonun knuonfa, ynacfnuku cowfun unu cnnsan-
nwo c fpanmou omymonun). Koina na hpofnxonuu coanca ofnoninoo noc-
homunanuo noccfanonnono, hcuxofopahonfunockuo posynifafw ouonu-
nakfcn ho kanocfny usmononuu n opaso, snyko, hponcfannonunx, mo-
uunx u qusunockux omymonunx.
i2?
4. CTAHR H8AR:
AHAMH3 TA8Mb
kohwfnwu hapanokc cocfouf n fom, nfo, koi-
na n nochpunumak camoio con hpocfo fakum, kakou
n ocfi, n hpuopofak nosmoxnocfi usmonuficn.
Xup: 1o0epc
fou inano mw paccmofpum hopnyk cfanuk II-hcuxofopahuu,
cnnsannyk c anamnosom fpanmw u ohponononuom foio, nfo oxunaof nnn
con knuonf of II, a fakxo ocynum paspaofky hcuxofopahonfu-
nockoio hnana nononun.
u1unnuc1t knncn1a
II honxonuf no nnn ncnkoio knuonfa. Icuxofopahonfy nooxo-
numo fmafonino copafi honponyk unqopmauuk o ucfopuu onosnu
knuonfa, nfow nwncnufi, nackoniko on hpuionon nnn II-hcuxo-
fopahuu, a fakxo ohpononufi hcuxonoiunockuo hofponocfu knuonfon
no npomn coancon u hocno nux. axno homnufi o fom, nfo hofponoc-
fu kaxnoio knuonfa u unnununyaninwo qopmw ofnofnou poakuuu ynu-
kaninw. Hfow hpunumafi komhofonfnwo pomonun, hcuxofopahonf
nonxon wfi nochpuumnunwm k nkwm nunam hopoxunanuu, nosnuka-
kmux y knuonfa n hpouocco hopopaofku unqopmauuu hocno nanana
II-hcuxofopahuu, kofopwo on moxof uchwfwnafi no foniko n ka-
unofo hcuxofopahonfa, no u n unfopnanax moxny coancamu.
Cfumynuponanuo unqopmauuu, cnnsannou c fpanmafunockum noc-
homunanuom knuonfa, hpunnocuf n cosnanuo pasnunnwo oo komhonon-
fw. Ipu fom na honopxnocfi nwxonuf nuccouuuponannan unqopmauun,
a fakxo mnoiuo us mouuu u omymonuu, uchwfwnaomwx no npomn hop-
nonananinoio fpanmafunockoio cowfun. Y knuonfa nco fo moxof
nwswnafi nposnwnauno cuninwu nucfpocc. cnu yckoponnan hopopaof-
ka hpu II-hcuxofopahuu hpononufcn hpanunino, ona ynof hpuno-
nufi nucqynkuuonaninyk unqopmauuk k paspomonuk iopasno wcf-
poo, nom fpanuuuonnwo qopmw hcuxofopahuu. Onnako hcuxofopahonf
i28
nonxon hpanunino ouonufi iofonnocfi knuonfa u oio choconocfi
nckpwfi fy unqopmauuk u hpofunocfonfi ou. Kpomo foio, hcuxofo-
pahonf nonxon ynocfonopuficn n fom, cmoxof nu on hponocfu knuonfa
nopos nco ochokonmuo hopoxunanun, kofopwo moiyf nosnuknyfi hpu
nononuu fpanmw.
axnwm kanocfnom foxnuku II nnnnofcn fo, nfo hopopaofka
unqopmauuu hpononxaofcn noc:e coanca, xofn u c monimou ckopocfik.
Iofomy knuonf moxof uchwfwnafi ohponononnwu nuckomqopf moxny
coancamu II, koina nonwo nochomunanun cfumynupykfcn u hponn-
nnkfcn n cosnanuu unu n honcosnanuu. 3noci moxof wfi honosna
mofaqopa c pnnom hnacfunok nomuno, hanakmux hpu fonnko: ho mopo
foio kak kaxnoo nochomunanuo cfumynupyofcn u hopopaafwnaofcn, ono
moxof accouuafunno nwswnafi nonwo nochomunanun. 1akum opasom,
ho mopo foio kak kaxnoo nochomunanuo cfumynupyofcn, ono moxof
nwcnooxnafi ochokonmuo opasw u mouuu. nn foio nfow nono-
nuo wno ychomnwm, knuonf nonxon wfi choconwm chpannnficn c
nkwmu mouunmu ofnannuom, osnanoxnocfik, ynsnumocfik u
f.h., accouuafunno cnnsannwmu c nochomunanuom.
Y nac nof nosmoxnocfu sapanoo hponckasafi, kak umonno knuonf
ynof hopopaafwnafi konkpofnoo cowfuo. Ofnofnan poakuun moxof
naxonuficn n nuahasono of ymoponnwx mouuu no honnomacmfanoio
ofpoaiuponanun. Hchonisyn foxnuky II, mw ohpononnom ofpoaiu-
ponanuo (apoakuuk) kak honfopnoo hopoxunanuo honnopinyfoio cfu-
mynnuuu nochomunanun, cohponoxnaomoo nwcokum yponnom ochoko-
nmux mouuu. Opasw, mwcnu, mouuu u qusunockuo omymonun moiyf
hpunnocuficn n cosnanuo, ho mopo foio kak unqopmauun hopopaafw-
naofcn hpu II. Ipu ofpoaiuponanuu mouuu u qusunockuo omymo-
nun ynyf ocoonno cuninwmu, nosmoxno, cfoni xo cuninwmu, kak
u hpu hopnonananinom fpanmafunockom cowfuu. Onnako foxnuka
II no ocfannnof hocno con fniocfnwx nochomunanuu, fak kak knu-
onf honiofonnon fakum opasom, nfo y noio cymocfnyof nnounan qoky-
cuponka nnumanun, hpu kofopou onnonpomonno ocosnaofcn u ochoko-
nmoo cowfuo, hpoucxonunmoo n hpomnom, u osohacnocfi ocfanonku
n nacfonmoo npomn. Ofo nocfuiaofcn hyfom hocfanonku nnounou sana-
nu cocponofononun nnumanun onnonpomonno na hponmofo nosnoucfnun
u na haniuax hcuxofopahonfa.
usunockuo omymonun moiyf wfi hyiakmumu nnn knuonfa n cuny
cnoou unfoncunnocfu. 1ak, nahpumop, onna us knuonfok pacckaswna-
na, nfo n nofcfno ona c maninukom uipana n konoon u unnouuon. o
npomn uipw maninuk houman oo, onon na mok hofnk u honocun na
nopono. K cnacfik, fo ynunona mafi, honoxana k nopony u hopopo-
sana noponky omo minononuo, u nononka sanoxnynaci w. Koina na-
nancn hpouocc II-hcuxofopahuu, knuonfka cfana usnanafi snyku,
i2
xapakfopnwo nnn ynymin, unof oo nuua usmonuncn u wno ncno, nfo y
noo noucfnufonino nosnuknu safpynnonun c nwxanuom. fom cnynao
hopopaofka wna ychomno sanopmona, no hcuxofopahonfy hpu ohpo-
nononuu qakfopon osohacnocfu knuonfa nooxonumo hocfonnno ho-
mnufi o nosmoxnocfu hponnnonun hononwx qopm ofnofnou poakuuu.
H naxo ocnu hponnnonun fpanmafunockoio nochomunanun nosnanufoni-
nw, moxof hpousoufu wcfpoo hopomomonuo k unomy nochomunanuk,
onanakmomy nwcokum mouuonaninwm sapnnom. Ipu hcuxofopahuu
c homomik hoipyxonun, uchonisyomou n honononnockom honxono, u
knuonf, u hcuxofopahonf oxunakf, nfo uononoo nochomunanuo ynof
n snanufoninou cfohonu ochokonmum, u oa iofonnfcn k hocnoncfnu-
nm foio. Ofnunufoninwm hpusnakom II-hcuxofopahuu nnnnofcn
yckoponnan hopopaofka unqopmauuu c oo hofonuuaninou nosmoxno-
cfik wcfpoio nckpwfun nooxunannoio mafopuana, nacfi kofopoio
moxof nwswnafi ononi onimyk cfohoni nucfpocca. Iofomy iofonnocfi
knuonfa nonxna ouonunaficn ononi fmafonino.
4ak1upu ciuuacnuc1n knncn1a
annwo qakfopw nnnnkfcn hpunuuhuanino naxnwmu hpu cosnanuu
osohacnwx ycnonuu nnn knuonfa u nonxnw fmafonino ouonunaficn,
nfow ohpononufi, honxonuf nu knuonf nnn II-hcuxofopahuu.
Jpoonu punnopmu
Knuonf nonxon nyncfnonafi con komqopfno, snan, nfo y noio ocfi
nosmoxnocfi hopoxunafi nosamumonnocfi, yfpafy konfponn u nkwo
qusunockuo omymonun, cnnsannwo c fpanmafunockum nochomunanu-
om. Knuonfw nonxnw wfi iofonw pacckaswnafi hcuxofopahonfy hpan-
ny o fom, nfo onu uchwfwnakf. Iackpwnafi honponocfu fpanmafunoc-
koio cowfun nof nooxonumocfu, onnako hauuonfw nonxnw wfi n
cocfonnuu hopoxunafi n hpucyfcfnuu hcuxofopahonfa nkwo mouuu,
fonno cooman o ux hpupono u unfoncunnocfu. Hnoina us-sa no-
nocfafonnoio nonopun, nwcokou nochpuumnunocfu unu xonanun uso-
xafi naninoumoio cohpukocnononun c onosnonnwm mafopuanom
knuonf ynof ionopufi o nuskom yponno nucfpocca, cfpomnci hpoxnon-
pomonno sakonnufi coanc. fom cnynao on, ckopoo ncoio, cfonknofcn
c nuckomqopfnwmu hopoxunanunmu moxny coancamu u ynof nwnyx-
non umofi nono c nwswnakmum ofpoaiuponanuo mafopuanom os coof-
nofcfnykmou knununockou honnopxku. Knuonf honnopiakfcn iopasno
iJO
onimomy pucky okasaficn hon nnunnuom cyuuunaninwx unou u hpon-
hpunnfi hohwfky camoyuucfna n fom cnynao, ocnu uchwfwnakf nwco-
kyk cfohoni ochokoucfna, ckpwnan fo of hcuxofopahonfa. Xofn nco
fo chpanonnuno hpu nkwx qopmax hcuxofopahuu, hofonuuaninan nos-
moxnocfi nosnuknononun nohonnufoninoio ochokoucfna moxny coan-
camu II-hcuxofopahuu honnopkunaof nooxonumocfi onimoio no-
nopun moxny knuonfom u hcuxofopahonfom, a fakxo hpunnfun coina-
monun o nooxonumocfu ionopufi foniko hpanny. Icuxofopahonf non-
xon ncnnocku hokaswnafi knuonfy, nfo fof naxonufcn n osohacnocfu,
nomoncfpuponafi cnok iukocfi u nnumafoninocfi.
C knuonfamu, umokmumu fpanmafunockuu ohwf, cnnsannwu c pas-
nunnwmu qopmamu nacunun, hopon nananom hcuxofopahuu nooxonu-
mo hponocfu ocoonno honponyk ocony, hockoniky y fakux nknou
ownno ocfi hponomw c nyncfnom cnoou osohacnocfu u nonopuom. o
fox hop hoka fakuo knuonfw no ynyf nyncfnonafi con komqopfno c hcu-
xofopahonfom hpu nsaumonoucfnuu n pycno fpanuuuonnou pasionopnou
hcuxofopahuu, no cnonyof hpumonnfi foxnuky II.
Omouonuaonoe becnououcmoo
Knuonfw nonxnw umofi nosmoxnocfi hpofunocfonfi nwcokomy mo-
uuonaninomy ochokoucfny, kofopoo moxof hponnuficn no npomn co-
ancon II unu n hpomoxyfko moxny numu. nn foio nfow hpono-
pufi fy choconocfi knuonfa, hopon fom, kak fpanmafunockuu
mafopuan ynof uspan n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun, mw nacfonfoni-
no pokomonnyom, nfow hcuxofopahonf no npomn coanca ho usynonuk
ucfopuu knuonfa nwncnun, chocoon nu fof k camokonfponk u nnanoof
nu foxnukamu ponakcauuu. Icuxofopahonf nonxon ohpoonafi y con
n kaunofo nco mnoioopasuo fux foxnuk hpumonufonino k nannomy
knuonfy u hopoxonufi k II foniko n fom cnynao, ocnu c homomik
fux foxnuk knuonf cmoxof cnusufi ypononi cnooio ochokoucfna no
hpuomnomoio.
cnu xo uspannwu n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun mafopuan hopopa-
ofan na hpofnxonuu coanca no honnocfik, fo onsafonino nooxonumo
hponocfu anoknafnoo ocyxnonuo (ohucannoo n inano 6). Hfow homoni
knuonfy nocfuni mouuonaninou ypannonomonnocfu, hcuxofopahonf
uchonisyof foxnuku nahpannnomou nusyanusauuu unu iuhnos. Iockoni-
ky hcuxofopahonf no moxof hponckasafi sapanoo, kakum umonno ynof
ypononi ochokoucfna moxny coancamu, honosno oynafi knuonfon fox-
nukam camokonfponn hopon fom, kak nanunafi II-hcuxofopahuk.
Moxno fakxo pokomonnonafi uchonisonafi aynuosahucu moxny coancamu
(nahpumop, Ocnoonuci of cfpocca IottIng Go oI Stross; MIIIor,
iJi
i4). Hokofopwo us fakux foxnuk ponakcauuu ynyf ohucanw n inano
, u ux moxno uchonisonafi, nfow nocfuni sanopmonun n fox coancax,
ino unwm hyfom fo no ynaofcn. 1akuo foxnuku nonxnw uchonisonafi-
cn knuonfamu u n honconnonnou xusnu, hpunocn um onoinonuo n fox
cnynanx, koina hopopaofka, chonfanno hpoucxonnman n hopuon mox-
ny coancamu, cosnaof mouuonaninoo ochokoucfno.
cnu xo knuonf no moxof uchonisonafi foxnuku camokonfponn, fo
II-hcuxofopahun no nonxna hpumonnficn. Icuxofopahonfam noo-
xonumo kchopumonfuponafi c pasnunnwmu anifopnafunnwmu mofona-
mu, cfpomnci nouficn foio, nfow knuonf cmoi cymocfnonno honu-
sufi ypononi ochokoucfna. Hochoconocfi cnusufi ypononi ochokou-
cfna moxof, kak ohpannanuo, noannnficn k cfpaxy, uchwfwnaomomy
knuonfom, koina hpu hopopaofko nocfuiaofcn nucqynkuuonaninwu
mafopuan, nfo ynof hpohnfcfnonafi hponnnonuk honoxufoninwx q-
qokfon hcuxofopahuu.
1mubuaonocmo
2usnonno naxnwm nnnnofcn nocfuxonuo knuonfom nunnocfnou cfa-
uninocfu. Y nokofopwx unnununon hocno II-hcuxofopahuu noponko
wnakf cyuuunaninwo unou, nahpumop y xopfn mnoiokpafnwx cokcy-
aninwx nomoiafonicfn, fponoxnocfi kofopwx ocoonno nwcoka. C fa-
kumu knuonfamu ocoonno naxno hponocfu hpanuninoo ocyxnonuo,
a hopnonananinoo ouonunanuo iofonnocfu nonxno nknknafi n con
nwncnonuo oio choconocfu homnufi nannwo no npomn ocyxnonun
uncfpykuuu u hpu nooxonumocfu opamaficn sa homomik.
Ypononi cfauninocfu okpyxakmou ocfanonku fakxo nposnwnau-
no naxon. Icuxofopahonf no nonxon hwfaficn hopopaafwnafi npyiuo
fpanmw, ocnu knuonfw n nacfonmoo npomn honnopiakfcn cuninomy nan-
nonuk xusnonnwx ocfonfonicfn (nahpumop, hopoxunakf comounwu
unu couuaninwu kpusuc, hponomw c noniiamu unu c kapiopou) u
moiyf wfi hpocfo no choconwmu chpanuficn c nohonnufoninwm oc-
hokoucfnom, hopoxnaomwm hpouoccom hopopaofku.
Kononno, hcuxofopahonfy hpu fom nooxonumo ohpononufi, nou-
cfnufonino nu hpoxnuo fpanmw no cnnsanw c coionnnmnumu xusnon-
nwmu ocfonfonicfnamu. Knuonfw, hocfonnno naxonnmuocn n cocfo-
nnuu kpusuca, moiyf honfankunaficn k fomy hponwnymum xusnonnwm
ohwfom, kofopwu nooxonumo paspomufi, hpoxno nom hwfaficn ho-
moni um ocnoonuficn of coionnnmnux hponom. Ipu fom naxno oh-
pononufi, kakuo umonno fpanmafunockuo nochomunanun ofnofcfnonnw
sa cymocfnykmyk nucqynkuuonaninocfi u, cnononafonino, fpoykf
hopopaofku c homomik II, a kakuo nnnnkfcn nnn foio kpusuca
hoonnwmu, cnynaunwmu u moiyf wfi ofpomonw.
iJ2
Hopmm su1ucmenuuaonou no00epuu
Knuonfw nonxnw honynafi ohponononnyk honnopxky co cfoponw
npysou u nnonon comiu, kofopwo moinu w hosaofuficn o nux no npo-
mn ochokonmux cocfonnuu, nosnukakmux moxny coancamu. cnu
knuonf xunof usonuponanno unu xo cam saofufcn o kom-fo, no umon
nosmoxnocfu honynufi honnopxky of okpyxakmux, fo hcuxofopahon-
fy nooxonumo nanunafi hopopaofky c onimou ocfopoxnocfik. Ipox-
no ncoio hcuxofopahonfam nooxonumo ohpononnfi, choconw nu ux
knuonfw honnopxunafi con hcuxonoiunocku, unu xo nnn foio, nfow
onu nyncfnonanu con komqopfno, nooxonumo honanpunafi ux ho
fonoqony ho mopo nosnuknononun hofponocfu n homomu.
Obee qu1unecuoe 10opoooe
Knuonf nonxon wfi nocfafonno snopon, nfow hpofunocfonfi qu-
sunockum fpynnocfnm hpu hopopaofko nochomunanuu. hpunononnom
panoo hpumopo c ynymiom knuonfko no npomn hcuxofopahuu wno oko-
no fpunuafu nof u ona wna nocfafonno cunina, nfow hpofunocfonfi
nosmoxnwm qusunockum hocnoncfnunm. Onnako ocnu w ou wno comi-
nocnf nof u y noo wnu hponomw c copnuom, fo y nac nosnuknu w
copiosnwo comnonun n oo choconocfu hpofunocfonfi qusunockomy
nannonuk, hponnnnkmomycn hpu hopopaofko fpanmw. Hmonno ho fou
hpununo nokofopwo nofopanw nfopou muponou nounw hpoxonnf counac
II-hcuxofopahuk n cfauuonapnwx ycnonunx.
Hooxonumo fakxo hpunumafi no nnumanuo u hofonuuaninwo ho-
cnoncfnun mouuu, nosnukakmux, nahpumop, y opomonnou xonmu-
nw no npomn II. Xofn y nac hoka nof coomonuu o copiosnwx qu-
sunockux hocnoncfnunx n fakux cnynanx, nynmo homnufi o fom
hponocfopoxonuu. Koina nkwo qusunockuo hponomw, n fom nucno
cnnsannwo c nwxanuom unu c copnuom, nnnnkfcn nacfik omou knu-
nunockou kapfunw, nooxonumo hpokoncynifuponaficn c npanom o nos-
moxnwx noiafunnwx hocnoncfnunx ypnwx mouuonaninwx poakuuu.
Om umbyaumopnou uoncyaomuuu
0o cmuuonupnoeo aenenun
Xapakfop fpanmafunockux nochomunanuu nonxon wfi hpanunino
ouonon, nnn foio nfow ohpononufi, kakuo us nux moiyf wfi hopo-
iJJ
paofanw amynafopno, a kakuo fpoykf cfauuonapnwx ycnonuu. Ha-
hpumop, koina onun us hauuonfon hopopaafwnan nochomunanun o
okonocmopfnom hopoxunanuu, y noio ocfanonunoci nwxanuo. K cna-
cfik, II hpononuna moncocfpa hcuxuafpunockou knunuku, ino wno
nco nooxonumoo nnn poanumauuu. npyiom cnynao knuonf wn ho-
momon hcuxuafpom n cfauuonap. o npomn hopopaofku nochomunanuu
o hwfkax nokfpunockum fokom on nanan kopnuficn of onu u uficn n
konnynicunx na oninunnou kponafu fak, kak ynfo oio cnona uno
fokom. Icuxuafp cymon hpononxufi paofy c num n fakou cufyauuu u
sanopmufi hpouocc hopopaofku, no conopmonno ononunno, nfo nco fo
wno w iopasno onoo fpanmafunockum nnn nux ooux, ocnu w hpo-
ucxonuno no n ocfanonko knunuku. Icuxofopahonfam ncoina nooxo-
numo ouonunafi nosmoxnwo hofponocfu n coofnofcfnykmux oipanuno-
nunx unu n uchonisonanuu monukamonfon, ocnu onu sanumakfcn
nononuom hauuonfon, cfpanakmux of musoqponuu, akfunnou napko-
funockou unu ankoioninou sanucumocfu, of nochomunanuu o oko-
nocmopfnom ohwfo unu qusunockux fpanmax, a fakxo n cnynanx, koi-
na ocfi comnonun, kacakmuocn cyuuunaninwx fonnonuuu, nunnocfnou
ycfoununocfu unu ofcyfcfnun coofnofcfnykmou xusnonnou honnopxku.
cnu y knuonfa ocfi kakuo-nuo hponomw, hofonuuanino ohacnwo kak
nnn noio camoio, fak u nnn npyiux, homomonuo oio n cfauuonap mox-
no cnufafi hpocfo nooxonumwm.
Heopoaoeunecuue nupymenun
Y nac nof nannwx o npono, hpununonnom knuonfam, cfpanakmum
of nonponoiunockux paccfpoucfn. Onnako, xofn mononi yckoponnou ho-
popaofku unqopmauuu hponhonaiaof noxamuo n oo ocnono ohpononon-
nwo qusuonoiunockuo hpouoccw, hcuxofopahonfw nonxnw wfi npos-
nwnauno nnumafoninw k nkwm hponnnonunm ofknononuu of nopmw
kak n ucfopuu onosnu knuonfa, fak u n nonponoiunockom achokfo, a
fakxo k nosmoxnocfu nanunun opianunockux honpoxnonuu mosia. Ipu-
nonnfcn coomonun (Kothbaum, i2), nfo knuonfw, uchwfanmuo n
nonannoo npomn sanucumocfi of kokauna, no honynunu nukakou honisw
of II-fopahuu; onnako n fom cnynao noncno, umonu nu honoxu-
foninwu qqokf anifopnafunnwo qopmw cfumynnuuu (samofnwmu hpu-
snakamu ofcyfcfnun fakoio qqokfa wna mofaonunockan anopmani-
nocfi opufoqponfaninoio kopfokca). O hpofunohokasanunx n hpumo-
nonuu II nnn knuonfon, cfpanakmux paccfpoucfnamu, cnnsannw-
mu c noquuufom nnumanun unu iuhopakfunnocfik nnumanun, coomo-
nuu no hocfyhano.
iJ4
Cymocfnyof fonnonuun ymonimonun cfohonu ionopanusauuu hpu
nononuu knuonfon, cfpanakmux opianunockumu napymonunmu mosia u
ho fou hpununo nyxnakmuxcn n uspanuu n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun
onimoio, nom ownno, konunocfna fpanmafunockux nochomunanuu.
Xofn foxnuka II uchonisonanaci nhonno qqokfunno c knuonfamu,
hponnnnnmumu mupokuu nuahason nonponoiunockux xano, hpucfyhafi
k hcuxofopahuu hauuonfon fakoio fuha cnonyof c ocfopoxnocfik. ono
n fom, nfo moiyf wfi nokofopwo qopmw honpoxnonun mosia, no nw-
swnakmuo nu nnnwx poakuuu, nu ocfpoio nuckomqopfa no npomn co-
ancon II. fux cnynanx ncoina nooxonumo koncynifuponaficn c
npanom, nfow nwncnufi, cnnsanw nu honosponun hcuxofopahonfa c
noucfnufoninwmu qusuonoiunockumu qakfopamu, n fom nucno c nonpo-
noiunockumu napymonunmu, ofpaxakmumu hponomy knuonfa. Icu-
xofopahonfw, hwfakmuocn hpumonnfi II c fakumu unnununamu,
nonxnw umofi onimou ohwf n paofo c mupokum nuahasonom qqok-
fon II, nfow pachosnanafi nkwo anopmaninwo poakuuu, n cny-
nao hponnnonun kofopwx coanc nonxon hpopwnaficn.
Onuaencun
Xofn c homomik II ychomno wno nwnonono onimoo konuno-
cfno knuonfon, cfpanakmux hunohcuou, mw paccmofpum pnn hponoc-
fopoxonuu, kofopwo nooxonumo ynufwnafi hpu paofo c nkwmu ha-
uuonfamu, y kofopwx ocfi nonponoiunockuo napymonun.
Mno usnocfnw numi nna cnynan c knuonfamu, uchwfwnanmumu hu-
nohfunockuu hpucfyh (oa pasa nosnanufoninwu) no npomn coanca
II. onnom cnynao camo nochomunanuo, honnopianmoocn hopopa-
ofko, wno cnnsano c hunohcuou; knuonfka hpumna n con nopos hnfi
munyf, ymwnaci, u coanc wn sanopmon os naninoumux unuunonfon.
(Ofmofum, nfo fo wn onuncfnonnwu hunohfunockuu hpucfyh y fou
knuonfku, hpomonmou onoo nkxunw coancon II.) pyiou knuonf
fakxo hopoxun noonimou hunohfunockuu hpucfyh no npomn coanca
II, no hocno sanopmonun kypca hcuxofopahuu hunohfunockuo
hpucfyhw onimo nukoina oio no ochokounu. Knuonfw, cfpanakmuo
hunohcuou, nonxnw wfi hponyhpoxnonw o nosmoxnocfu hunohfu-
nockoio hpucfyha no nanana hcuxofopahuu.
3acnyxunaof yhomunanun u cnynau c knuonfkou, cfpananmou hu-
nohcuou u hpomonmou ychomnoo nononuo of hocffpanmafunockoio cun-
npoma; ona hwfanaci camocfonfonino hpumonnfi nnuxonun inas kaxnwu
pas, koina nyncfnonana hpunuxonuo hpucfyha. Iauuonfka onapyxu-
na, nfo nnuxonun inas nananu ou nosmoxnocfi usoxafi hpucfyha.
iJ5
Hpobaemm co 1penuem
cfi nockoniko coomonuu o knuonfkax c honpoxnonunmu sponun,
ocnohmux n posynifafo hpumononun nnuxonuu inas. Ofo hpousomno n
hpakfuko hcuxofopahonfa, no nocfafonno honiofonnonnoio k uchoni-
sonanuk II. Xofn knuonfw noonnokpafno xanonanuci na onu n
inasax, hcuxofopahonf, no onananmuu snanuom o nosmoxnwx qqok-
fax II, hpononxan hpononufi copuu nnuxonuu inas. 1o+nume, umo,
ec:u i:uenm eooopum o o:u o e:u:ux, ucno:i:oounue mexnuiu ,1,1 nu
npu iuiux ocmonme:icmoux ne 0o:no npo0o:umicn. fom cnynao
knuonfa cnonyof nahpanufi k npany-okynucfy, kofopwu nacf pokomon-
nauuu o fom, kakoio pona nnuxonun inas moxof nwhonnnfi fof nono-
nok. 1oniko chouuanucf moxof ouonufi, n kakou mopo knuonf choco-
on nwhonnnfi fu nnuxonun, u nwnocfu pomonuo o xonafoninocfu ux
uchonisonanun.
Hokofopwo unnununw no choconw hpononxafi nnuxonun inas us-
sa ycfanocfu inasnwx mwmu. Hx fakxo cnonyof nahpanufi k okynucfy
nnn uccnononanun u, ocnu onu ynyf hpusnanw hpuionnwmu, honynufi
uncfpykuuu o yhpaxnonunx nnn inas, ynonununakmux cuny mwmu,
nooxonumyk nnn hpononxonun nnuxonuu inas hpu II.
Knuonfw, honisykmuocn konfakfnwmu nunsamu, nonxnw hpuno-
cfu c coou qyfnnpw nnn nuns, nfow no npomn coanca nunsw moxno
wno cnnfi hpu hopnwx xo hpusnakax hopocwxanun inas unu pasnpaxo-
nuu. Mnoium knuonfam nynmo usoiafi uchonisonanun II n fo
npomn, koina onu nocnf konfakfnwo nunsw.
cnu nnuxonun inas no moiyf wfi hpumononw, fo hcuxofopahonfy
nooxonumo uchonisonafi anifopnafunnwo qopmw cfumynnuuu, fakuo
kak hocfykunanuo ho pyko unu snyku (fu anifopnafunnwo cfumynw wnu
ohucanw n inano J).
Hupuomunecuun u uauoeoaonun 1uoucumocmo
Knuonfw, n knununockou ucfopuu kofopwx ocfi sanucumocfi of pas-
nunnwx nomocfn, nonxnw honynafi coofnofcfnykmyk honnopxky fuha
ynacfun n hpoipammo nonanuafi maion, u foniko hocno foio na-
nunafi II-hcuxofopahuk. Xofn nokofopwo knuonfw noiko ofkasw-
nakfcn of cnoou sanucumocfu u hofponocfu n fox unu unwx nomocfnax
no npomn nononun, y npyiux hauuonfon, naoopof, hofponocfi n hpon-
Hmokfcn n nuny cocfonmuo us nnonanuafu fahon hpoipammw anonumnou ho-
momu ankoionukam u napkomanam, nahpumop Anonumnwo ankoionuku. 1pu+.
nepeoo0uuiu.
iJ6
mofo ux sanucumocfu nospacfana hponhonoxufonino ho hpununo akfu-
nauuu ochokonmoio hcuxonoiunockoio mafopuana. Ioka no ncno, of-
paxaof nu fo nospacfanuo hofponocfu n hponmofo xumunockou sanu-
cumocfu hohwfky cnooio pona nokapcfnonnoio nononun cfpocconoio
mafopuana, nosnukakmoio n hpouocco cfumynnuuu cfapoio xonanun.
nkom cnynao hcuxofopahonfam nooxonumo wfi ocoonno nnuma-
foninwmu k knuonfam hononoio fuha, ocyxnan c numu hofonuuani-
nwo hponomw u hpunuman mopw hponocfopoxnocfu hpofun hofonuu-
aninoio oocfponun sanucumocfu.
Kak yxo ofmonanoci, homumo nnuxonuu inas qqokfunnwmu moiyf
okasaficn unwo qopmw cfumynnuuu, n nacfnocfu, n cnynanx nonannou
kokaunonou sanucumocfu. Knuonf, oxonnonno yhofponnnmuu amqo-
famun na hpofnxonuu hponwnymux nnanuafu hnfu nof, no npomn coan-
ca II hpumon n fakoo cuninoo nosyxnonuo, nfo hofpoonanaci
iochufanusauun. Icuxofopahonfw nonxnw wfi ocoonno ocfopoxnw
hpu paofo c nuuamu c noniocponnou sanucumocfik of amqofamuna.
Tpeboounun, con1unnme
c cy0ebnmm pu1bupumeaocmoom
cnu xopfnw hpocfyhnonun, cnunofonu unu cnyxamuo honuuuu
hpoxonnf nononuo, cnnsannoo c kpufunockum unuunonfom, fo hpun-
uuhuanino naxno ohpononufi, ynyf nu of foio nononoka n naninou-
mom fpoonafi cynonwx hokasanuu hon hpucniou unu xo kakuo-nuo
npyiuo chouuqunockuo qopmw cynonwx hokasanuu. Ofo cnnsano c fom,
nfo no npomn II-hcuxofopahuu opas cowfun moxof honoknyfi,
cfafi noofnofnunwm unu honnocfik ucnosnyfi. Xofn knuonf coxpanuf
nosmoxnocfi pacckaswnafi o fom, nfo hpoucxonuno, y noio yxo moxof
no wfi nosmoxnocfu nanafi npkoo u honponoo ohucanuo cowfuu.
unwx cnynanx knuonf hocno II coxpannof nosmoxnocfi hpunonufi
onoo honponoo ohucanuo u nunofi kapfuny cowfun naxo onoo ncno.
Onnako nonosmoxno sapanoo ysnafi, kak umonno ynof hpoucxonufi
hopopaofka fpanmafunockoio cowfun y nannoio knuonfa. Cnononafoni-
no, koina hpoucxonuf (unu moxof wfi nanafo) cynonoo pasupafoni-
cfno, of ncox oio ynacfnukon, hpoxonnmux hcuxofopahuk, onsafoni-
no nooxonumo honynufi coinacuo. Icuxofopahonfw nonxnw oncnnfi
knuonfy, nfo: i) hocno II moxof wfi yfpanona nosmoxnocfi ho-
Amqofamun (qonamun, hopnufun) xumunocku poncfnonon anponanuny u nn-
nnofcn, fak xo kak u kokaun, cuninoumum cfumynnfopom kak uonfpaninou, fak u
hopuqopunockou nopnnou cucfomw. 1pu+. nepeoo0uuiu.
iJ?
nynufi npkyk kapfuny cowfun; 2) knuonf moxof yfpafufi nosmoxnocfi
mouuonanino usnaiafi cowfuo (fo moxof cosnanafi hponomw, ocnu
na cyno fpoyofcn mouuonaninwu cnunofoni); J) xofn II no nnnn-
ofcn iuhnosom, c fonku sponun cyna cfafyc fou foxnuku hoka omo no
ohpononon u n kononnom cnofo cyn moxof ofnocuficn k II kak k
nomy-fo, nfo cpannumo c iuhnosom. Hsnocfnw cnynau, koina xopfnw
cokcyaninwx nomoiafonicfn, hpoxonunmux knununockoo nononuo c hpu-
mononuom iuhnosa, hocno foio moinu yfpafufi hpano hpocnononafi
hpocfyhnuka n cynonom hopnnko. Kpomo foio, hokasanun, honynon-
nwo n iuhnofunockom cocfonnuu, no hpusnakfcn cynom. o npomn
nahucanun fou knuiu wno usnocfno foniko nna cnynan cnnsu II-
hcuxofopahuu c cynonwm pasupafonicfnom (cm. inany ii), hofomy
hcuxofopahonfw nonxnw wfi ononi hponycmofpufoninw u honynafi of
knuonfa unqopmuponannoo coinacuo. Moxno hponhonoxufi, nfo na-
nunuo nunoosahucu unfopnik c knuonfom, cnonannoo no nanana nono-
nun, moxof wfi nocima honosno nnn uonou cynonoio pasupafonicfna.
Hahpumop, fakan nunoosahuci moxof ynocfonopnfi, kak poonok
xopfna cokcyaninoio nomoiafonicfna fonno unonfuquuupyof nunnocfi
nacuninuka u naxnwo honponocfu cowfun omo no nanana hpumono-
nun foxnuku II. Onnako n nokofopwx cnynanx fakou nunoosahucu
wnaof nonocfafonno nnn foio, nfow cyn nwnoc pomonuo sanopxafi hpo-
cfyhnuka. Mnoiuo knuonfw hpunumakf pomonuo no hpoxonufi II-
hcuxofopahuk no fox hop, hoka cynonoo pasupafonicfno ho ux nony
no ynof sanopmono.
Xonmpoao co cmoponm couuaonou cucmemm
1ak xo kak u hpu nkwx npyiux qopmax hcuxofopahuu, nononuo c
homomik II okaswnaof nnunnuo no foniko na camux knuonfon, no
u na ux comiu u npysou. Io mopo foio kak hpoucxonuf hopopaofka
nucqynkuuonaninou unqopmauuu u nosnukaof nonan camoouonka,
honononuo knuonfa usmonnofcn. Koina knuonfw cfanonnfcn ofkpwfw-
mu k hpunnfuk nonwx pomonuu, onu nonxnw wfi oynonw coofnof-
cfnykmum nanwkam nahpumop, chpannnficn c hponomamu, cnnsan-
nwmu c nknimu, unu nonwmu cufyauunmu, unu c cnoou kapiopou.
hpouocco nononun hcuxofopahonfw yxo nonxnw wnu opianusonafi nnn
knuonfon coofnofcfnykmyk honnopxky unu ipyhhw fponunia. Knuon-
fw, hpoxonnmuo II-hcuxofopahuk, moiyf hopopaafwnafi fpanma-
funockuu mafopuan noownauno wcfpo, u onu nonxnw wfi honio-
fonnonw k nosmoxnomy cohpofunnonuk co cfoponw konnoi, nnonon
comiu unu npysou. cnu knuonf nacfaunaof na fom, nfo on ocfaofcn n
ohacnom nnn noio okpyxonuu, ino nnoni opofonnan ynoponnocfi n coo
iJ8
moxof wfi nponna (nahpumop, n cnynao honnopiakmoucn hoonm
xonw, hpononxakmou xufi co cnoum myxom-ankoionukom), fo c num
nooxonumo ocynufi nco hofonuuaninwo hponomw u hponnoxufi no-
nwo hyfu camonwpaxonun.
Knuonfw, naxonnmuocn n nucqynkuuonaninwx couuaninwx ofnomo-
nunx (ino onu moiyf honynufi hpoumymocfna, ocnu ynyf nomoncfpu-
ponafi cnok ynsnumocfi), nonxnw wfi hponyhpoxnonw o nooxonu-
mocfu usoiafi fakux ofnomonuu, ho kpaunou mopo nohocponcfnonno
hocno hopopaofku fpanmw. Io fou hpununo nononuo knuonfon, na-
xonnmuxcn n saknknonuu, no mnoiux cnynanx hpofunohokasano us-sa
nannonun na nux co cfoponw camou couuaninou cucfomw.
1enmnme ycmunoouu
Ocooo nnumanuo nooxonumo ynonnfi ouonko nosmoxnwx honoxu-
foninwx hocnoncfnuu nononun. Knuonfw moiyf opianusonafi nck cnok
xusni nokpyi hafonoiuu, u fa nosmoxnocfi nonxna ynufwnaficn hpu
oxunanuu usmononuu of nononun c homomik II. Icuxofopahonfy
nooxonumo ohpononufi, of noio knuonfy hpunofcn ofkasaficn n fom
cnynao, ocnu nononuo nannofcn u okaxofcn ychomnwm, a fakxo nwnc-
nufi, onanaof nu on nocfafonnou nnyfponnou ycfoununocfik u nos-
moxnocfnmu, nnn foio nfow chpanuficn c fumu usmononunmu n cno-
ou xusnu.
Iaccmofpum fy hponomy na hpumopo nokofopwx nofopanon nounw
no iofnamo. bonoo nnanuafu nof nasan namu nocomnanuafunofnuo hapnu
wnu hocnanw na nouny. Ipofun cnoou nonu onu okasanuci n yxacnwx
ocfonfonicfnax, n fom nucno hpuomunuci k napkofukam. Iocno nos-
npamonun nomou nmocfo pachpocfopfwx onfuu u saofw onu nacfo
ncfponanu hposponuo u honnopianuci ocfpakusmy. Hm, cfpananmum na
hpofnxonuu nnanuafu hnfu nof of fniocfnwx nochomunanuu, nonnwx
kommapon u nannsnunwx mwcnou, mw coionnn hponnaiaom nononuo c
homomik II, sannnnn: Mw ocnoonum nac of fniocfnwx nochomu-
nanuu, kommapon u nannsnunwx mwcnou, a fakxo of namou nochoco-
nocfu konfponuponafi con. Ipucyfcfnykmuu y nofopana cfpax (ko-
fopwu na cosnafoninom yponno on moxof ofnopiafi) numuficn hocoun
u cfafi osnomnwm nhonno moxno honnfi. cnu no hpunnfi no nnuma-
nuo fu hocnoncfnun, fo nucqynkuuonaninocfi fakoio nofopana, nos-
moxno, ocfanofcn nopaspomonnou. Iofomy hcuxofopahonfy nooxo-
numo ynufwnafi fu (u npyiuo) coopaxonun hpu paspaofko hnana
nononun omo no nanana hcuxofopahuu nofopana, honynakmoio nonox-
nyk komhoncauuk unu xo chouuaninwo qopmw monuuunckou homomu.
iJ
Cfpax yfpafw couuaninou unonfunnocfu fakxo nooxonumo hpunu-
mafi no nnumanuo. Mnoiuo nofopanw ionopnf: Kom w n wn, ocnu
w n no wn unnanunom nounw no iofnamo ofopanw moiyf ohacaficn
yfpafufi fo nyncfno fonapumocfna, kofopoo cnnsano c hpunacfnocfik
k npyium nnonam cnoou ipyhhw, fakxo nyxnakmumcn n nononuu. Onu
moiyf ohacaficn, nfo ocnu ux mouuonaninwo cfpananun ymonimafcn,
fo k num hopocfanyf ofnocuficn c nonxnwm ynaxonuom. Hsynonuo ncox
fux coopaxonuu hopon nananom paofw nan fpanmou n nwcmou cfo-
honu xonafonino. akfopw, nohocponcfnonno ofnocnmuocn k nofopa-
nam nounw, ynyf onoo honno paccmofponw n inano ii.
Cfpax yfpafw unonfuqukauuu c ipyhhou coo hononwx ofnocufcn
u k nokofopwm xopfnam cokcyaninwx nomoiafonicfn. Onu moiyf uchw-
fwnafi cfpax hopon nononuom, fak kak ocosnakf, nfo ocnu ux cfpana-
nun ymonimafcn, onu onimo no ynyf n fakou cfohonu nyncfnonafi cnok
hpunacfnocfi k npyium hocfpananmum. H nakonou, knuonfw, hpoxo-
nunmuo nononuo yxo na hpofnxonuu mnoiux nof, moinu ocnonafi nck
cnok cucfomy couuaninou unonfuqukauuu nokpyi qakfa cocfnonnou
nucqynkuuonaninocfu; n fom cnynao, ocnu nononuo ynof ychomnwm,
fum unnununam hpunofcn uckafi nonyk qopmy hpunacfnocfu k unou
couuaninou ipyhho.
Bpemn
opmw mouuonaninou poakuuu knuonfon u unfoncunnocfi ux oc-
hokoucfna n hopuon moxny coancamu snanufonino kononkfcn. Y nac
nof nosmoxnocfu fonno hponckasafi fu poakuuu no foio, kak nannof-
cn hpouocc hopopaofku. Iofomy naxno ouonufi fokymuo usmononun
n cufyauuu knuonfa (u hcuxofopahonfa) nnn ymonimonun nosmoxnwx
hponom. Hahpumop, nynmo no hpumonnfi II hopon fom, kak knu-
onfko hponcfouf naxnan hposonfauun na paofo, fak kak hocno fopa-
huu ona moxof wfi pacconnna, oochokoona u no cmoxof noucfnonafi
c makcumaninou qqokfunnocfik.
Iockoniky y nac nof nosmoxnocfu ysnafi, n kakou mopo ocfafon-
nwu nucqynkuuonaninwu mafopuan ynof coxpannficn n konuo coan-
ca, a fakxo n kakou mopo accouuafunnan hopopaofka ynof hpononxafi-
cn chonfanno, nooxonumo hosaofuficn o hponofnpamonuu nwcokux
yponnou nucfpocca, nosmoxnoio n fom cnynao, ocnu y knuonfa no y-
nof nocfafonnou hcuxonoiunockou honnopxku. cnu, nahpumop, ha-
uuonf coupaofcn hponhpunnfi hyfomocfnuo sa iopon unu xo ocnu hcu-
xofopahonf hponhucan omy nnyxnononinwu ofhyck, fo no cnonyof
nanunafi hopopaofky ocnonnou fpanmw.
i4O
Icuxofopahonfw nonxnw oncnnfi knuonfam, nfo II moxof
honnoni sa coou mouuonanino unfoncunnyk nnyfponnkk paofy u nfo
nu naxnwo cnunanun, nu nahpnxonnan nonfoninocfi no nonxnw hna-
nuponaficn cpasy xo hocno hcuxofopahonfunockoio coanca. Iaonoo
pachucanuo knuonfa nonxno wfi hpunonono n coofnofcfnuo c fumu
fpoonanunmu. cnu fo nonosmoxno, fo hopopaofka fpanmw hpofu-
nohokasana.
Icuxofopahonf na hpofnxonuu kaxnoio coanca nonxon hponycmaf-
punafi anoknafnoo npomn nnn hopopaofku fpanmafunockux nochomuna-
nuu u nocfuxonun xonaomoio sanopmonun. Moxno pokomonnonafi hpo-
nonufi hopnonananinwu ananus ucfopuu knuonfa n ofnoninom 5O-mu-
nyfnom (unu onoo nnufoninom) coanco, a hocnonykmyk paofy nan
fpanmafunockumu nochomunanunmu c homomik foxnuku II hpono-
nufi na hpofnxonuu O-munyfnwx coancon. Io ownnwm cfannapfam
fo nononino nonio, no foniko O-munyfnwu coanc moxof hponocfa-
nufi anoknafnoo npomn nnn nwhonnonun cfanuu c fpofiou ho conimyk u
nnn honnou hopopaofku fpanmw. Coanc nnufoninocfik no monoo O
munyf nooxonum u nnn foio, nfow wna nosmoxnocfi anoknafno o-
pafuficn k nauonoo nucfpocconwm achokfam nochomunanuu. cnu of-
noninan fpanma usnonunaofcn nocfafonno wcfpo, fo na hpofnxonuu
onnoio coanca moxof hpoucxonufi opamonuo k nockonikum nochomu-
nanunm.
Kak yxo yhomunanoci panoo, ocnu fpanma hopopaofana n nonocfa-
fonnou cfohonu, y knuonfa moxof ocfanaficn ofnocufonino nwcokuu
ypononi ochokoucfna, kofopwu moxof coxpannficn unu naxo nospac-
fafi n hopuon moxny coancamu. no sanucumocfu of nnufoninocfu co-
anca nu hpu kakux ocfonfonicfnax knuonf no nonxon hokunafi kau-
nof hcuxofopahonfa na hpofnxonuu coanca (unu xo cpasy ho oio
okonnanuu) no fox hop, hoka no nocfuinof honoxufoninoio paspomo-
nun. Hokofopwo hcuxofopahonfw u knuonfw cfapakfcn namoponno hpu-
nopxunaficn onoo hpunwnnoio 5O-munyfnoio coanca, onnako nooxo-
numo homnufi, nfo foxnuka II honwmaof noponfnocfi foio, nfo
ypononi ochokoucfna knuonfa n konuo coanca u no npomn hopopaof-
ku, kofopan ynof hpononxaficn n hopuon moxny coancamu, ocfanofcn
nocfafonno nwcokum. Iohwfku hpunopxunaficn fpanuuuonnou 5O-mu-
nyfnou nnufoninocfu coanca ownno ynonununakf onoo nom n nna pasa
konunocfno coancon, nooxonumwx nnn honnoio usnononun knuonfa.
Ipu fakom ynonunonuu konunocfna coancon pnn cfpaxonwx komhanuu
naxo hponnaiakf nosmomonuo pacxonon. Onnako hponononuo onoo nnu-
foninwx hcuxofopahonfunockux coancon moxof honfankunafi nokofopwx
knuonfon ofknanwnafi II-hcuxofopahuk no fox hop, hoka onu no
okaxyfcn n onoo naiohpunfnou qunanconou cufyauuu. Xofn cpasy xo
hocno okonnanun nononun moxof nosnukafi ohponononnan nosopuonfa-
uun, hcuxofopahonf nonxon ouonufi cfohoni iofonnocfu knuonfa ho-
i4i
kunyfi oio kaunof u yhpannnfi mamunou. ocfafonnoo npomn nonxno
wfi ofnonono u na sanopmonuo coanca, na ocony c knuonfom, hosno-
nnkmyk omy hpu nooxonumocfu noccfanonufi nooxonumoo nnyfpon-
noo pannonocuo. axo hpu camwx naiohpunfnwx ycnonunx cymocfnyof
nosmoxnocfi, nfo fpanma ynof nonocfafonno hopopaofana naxo hoc-
no O-munyfnoio coanca. Iopopaofka nokofopwx nunon fpanm moxof
hofpoonafi nockonikux coancon. coina homnufo, nfo knuonf moxof
ocfaficn n cocfonnuu nucfpocca u ouonunaufo, kakuo umonno y noio
moiyf nosnuknyfi chouuqunockuo hofponocfu, koina on nopnofcn na
paofy unu nomou. Hahpumop, knuonfa, paofa kofopoio cnnsana c
onimou ofnofcfnonnocfik, nynmo hpunumafi n konuo nnn unu n kon-
uo nononu, a no n nanano, hockoniky on moxof nyncfnonafi con no io-
fonwm k nosnpamonuk n okaswnakmyk na noio nannonuo cufyauuk.
Heobxo0umocmo o me0uuumenmo1nom aenenuu
nokofopwx cnynanx knuonf yxo moi nocfuni cfauninoio cocfon-
nun c homomik hponhucannoio panoo monukamonfosnoio nononun unu
wfi hpusnannwm nyxnakmumcn n fakom nononuu nnn honnopxanun
cfauninocfu moxny coancamu II. o cux hop nam no nononunoci
nanknafi, nfow kakoo-nuo monukamonfosnoo nononuo honnocfik
hpohnfcfnonano hopopaofko c homomik II, xofn ocfi coomonun,
nfo onsonuasohunw cnuxakf qqokfunnocfi nononun. Knuonf, hpu-
numakmuu kakuo-nuo nokapcfna, chococfnykmuo cnuxonuk mouu-
onaninoio nucfpocca, nonxon naxonuficn hon fmafoninwm nankno-
nuom, fak kak n ohponononnoo npomn noucfnuo nokapcfna moxof ocnaofi
unu noomo sakonnuficn. Moxno hponhonoxufi, nfo, ho mopo foio
kak hpoucxonuf hopopaofka nucqynkuuonaninoio hcuxonoiunockoio
mafopuana, cnuxakfcn cohyfcfnykman fponoxnocfi unu nohpoccun u
ymonimaofcn hofponocfi n monukamonfosnom nononuu.
Icuxofopahonf n fom cnynao nonxon conopmufi hopopaofky fpan-
mw omo pas, koina knuonf no ynof hpunumafi nokapcfno. nokofo-
pwx cnynanx, koina knuonfam hponnaianu opafuficn k nnnnkmomycn
hponmofom nononun fpanmafunockomy nochomunanuk, hocno foio kak
yhofpononuo nokapcfna hpokpamanoci, fo nochomunanuo nwswnano
n cponnom n nna pasa monimoo ochokoucfno, nom n nanano. Hahpumop,
koina knuonf naxonuncn hon noucfnuom nokapcfn, hopnonananinan ouon-
ka fpanmw, cnnsannou c oonwmu noucfnunmu, n iO onunuu ho Hkano
cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna cnuxanaci hocno hcuxofopahuu
no O. Koina hpuom nokapcfn wn hpokpamon, nwswnaomoo nochomuna-
nuo honynano hopnonananinyk ouonky ncoio n 5 onunuu. 1akan poipoc-
i42
cun nckpwnana hpucyfcfnuo ocfafonnou nucqynkuuonaninocfu, cymo-
cfnykmou n qopmo, ohpononnomou cocfonnuom knuonfa. Ipucyfcfnuo
fakou hponomw ofnunaof fy cufyauuk of cfauninwx qqokfon nono-
nun y hauuonfon, k kofopwm no hpumonnofcn monukamonfosnoo nono-
nuo. Iofomy hofponocfi n monukamonfosnom nosnoucfnuu nonxna
ouonunaficn ononi fmafonino u c honumaom foio, nfo fakoo nosnou-
cfnuo ckopoo ncoio ynonunuf npomn, nooxonumoo nnn ychomnoio sa-
nopmonun nononun.
uccouumuonme puccmpoucmou
Hchonisonanuo II hpu nuccouuafunnwx paccfpoucfnax, n oco-
onnocfu paccfpoucfnax, cnnsannwx c nuccouuauuou unonfunnocfu
(naswnanmuxcn pacmohnonuom nunnocfu no honnnonun nonou knaccu-
qukauuu n ISM-IV), moxof hpunonufi hcuxofopahonfa n samomafoni-
cfno, ocnu on no hpomon coofnofcfnykmou honiofonku (hon nankno-
nuom ohwfnoio chouuanucfa) ho paofo c nuccouuafunnwmu paccfpou-
cfnamu u no uchonisyof coofnofcfnykmuo hpofokonw II. Kpomo
foio, hockoniky y knuonfon c fakum knununockum nuainosom ocfi nn-
nan fonnonuun ocfanaficn ynnsmumu n akfunuponannom nochomunanuu
(cm. pasnon Hchonisonanuo II n cnynao nuccouuafunnwx pac-
cfpoucfn n hpunoxonuu II), fo nohonnufonino moiyf hofpoonaficn
onoo hponnunyfwo hpouonypw II (ohucannwo n inano ii). Xofn n
ISM-IV nuccouuafunnwo paccfpoucfna nwnononw n ocowu pasnon,
chouuanucfw n onacfu II cnufakf fakuo paccfpoucfna cnoxnou
qopmou hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma (SpIogoI, i84, iJ), hpu
kofopwx poni xopfnw y hauuonfa nacfoniko ycununaofcn, nfo oman
hamnfi kak w pasnonnofcn na nacfu, n kofopwx ynyf conopxaficn pas-
nunnwo achokfw onu u ochokoucfna; fakum opasom, qonomon pac-
mohnonun nunnocfu moxof wfi foopofunocku oncnon kak nosnuk-
nononuo ocoou konquiypauuu noupocofu, cnyxamou nnn coxpanonun
hamnfu n pasnononnom na nacfu cocfonnuu (raun, i88). Koina II
(nuo npyiuo qopmw hcuxofopahuu, nahpumop, iuhnofunockoo ofpoa-
iuponanuo) hpunonuf k ychomnomy paspomonuk fpanmafunockoio ma-
fopuana, hofponocfi n pasnononnocfu hamnfu ymonimaofcn, amnosu-
nockuo apiopw moxny npyiumu nunnocfnmu pacfnopnkfcn u hpouc-
xonuf ux ocosnanuo.
Koina foxnuka II hpanunino uchonisyofcn n cnynanx nuccouua-
funnwx paccfpoucfn, nanknaofcn cpannufonino wcfpan chonfannan
unfoipauun unwx H, f.o. pacmohnonnwx nunnocfou. Onnako knuon-
fw honnopiakfcn onimomy pucky n fom cnynao, ocnu ux hafonoiun
nohpanunino nuainocfuponana unu ocnu nononuo hohwfancn nanafi
i4J
hcuxofopahonf, nonocfafonno honiofonnonnwu k paofo co cnynanmu
nuccouuafunnwx paccfpoucfn. cnu unnunun c nuainosom nuccouua-
funnwx paccfpoucfn honnopiaofcn nononuk os conknonun coofnofcfny-
kmux mop hponocfopoxnocfu, fo hopopaofka fpanmafunockux nocho-
munanuu moxof hpunocfu numi k fomy, nfo on ynnsnof n cocfonnuu
c nwcokum yponnom ochokoucfna. bonoo foio, xofn moxof nosnuknyfi
nhonafnonuo, nfo no npomn coanca fpanmafunockuu mafopuan nocfui
ychomnoio paspomonun, cama oio akfunauun nwswnaof nwcokuu ypononi
ochokoucfna hyfom nosnuknononun cnooio pona kopofkoio samwkanun
aqqokfon (n ocfaninou nacfu hamnfu), nfo moxof hpunocfu k iochu-
fanusauuu hauuonfa unu k hpumononuk chouuaninwx mop nnn hponof-
npamonun nohponnunonnwx cnynaon n hopuonw moxny coancamu. Kpo-
mo foio, ocfi coomonun o nocfafonno onimom konunocfno cnynaon,
koina nuccouuafunnwo paccfpoucfna chonfanno nosnukanu c nananom
hpumononun II-hcuxofopahuu. Ofof qonomon moxof wfi cnnsan
c akfunnou cfumynnuuou noupocofou.
Iockoniky mnoiuo hcuxofopahonfw no umokf coofnofcfnykmou hon-
iofonku n nononuu nuccouuafunnwx paccfpoucfn u n snanufoninou cfo-
honu nonoouonunakf pachpocfpanonnocfi fux qopm hafonoiuu, fo
nooxonumo honnopknyfi onsafoninocfi coofnofcfnykmux mop hpono-
cfopoxnocfu. nn mnoiux moxof wfi ckphpusom coomonuo n nonan-
nom uccnononanuu Iocca (Koss, ii), nfo iO us nucna ocnononan-
nwx hauuonfon knunuk n ownnom iopono CHA cfpananu of nuccouu-
afunnwx paccfpoucfn. Omou xapakfopnou nopfou knuonfa c nuccouu-
afunnwmu paccfpoucfnamu nnnnofcn onimoo nucno hponwnymux nuai-
noson, fak kak unonfuquuuponafi nuccouuafunnwo paccfpoucfna nac-
fo wnaof nonoiko (KIuII, i85; Iutnam, i8). Iofomy hcuxofopa-
honf, coupakmuucn hpumonufi II, nonxon nnanano hpuoinyfi k
Hkano nuccouuafunnwx hopoxunanuu (ornstoIn & Iutnam, i86;
CarIson & Iutnam, iJ) u hponocfu fmafoninoo knununockoo ouonu-
nanuo cufyauuu c kaxnwm knuonfom. Mw hpunonom kpafkoo poskmo o
nokofopwx ocnonnwx hpusnakax nuccouuafunnwx paccfpoucfn. Ofmo-
fum, nfo, xofn y onimuncfna hcuxofopahonfon nuccouuafunnwo pac-
cfpoucfna accouuupykfcn c hponanamu n hamnfu, y xopomo opianuso-
nannwx unnununon c nuccouuafunnwmu paccfpoucfnamu n cosnanuu
moxof cymocfnonafi nhonno cnnsnan u hocnononafoninan cocfnonnan
ucfopun u onu moiyf no ocosnanafi, nfo nuccouuafunnwo husonw no-
omo koina-nuo hpoucxonunu (Iutnam, i8).
Ipu cfannapfnom uccnononanuu hcuxunockoio cocfonnun na nucco-
uuafunnoo paccfpoucfno ykaswnakf cnonykmuo knununockuo hpusna-
ku: i) no honnakmuocn oncnonuk comafunockuo cumhfomw, 2) hpo-
nomw co cnom, J) fniocfnwo nochomunanun, 4) nopoanusauun u
nohopconanusauun, 5) cumhfomw Hnounopa (ionoca, nooncnumwo
i44
nyncfna), 6) hponanw n hamnfu, ?) mnoiokpafnwo cnynau homomonun
n hcuxuafpunockuo oninuuw u 8) mnoionucnonnwo nuainosw c nosna-
nufoninwm ychoxom n usnononuu (KIuII, i8?a, i8?b; Iutnam, i8;
Koss, ii). Moxno nonoouonunafi nanunuo nuccouuafunnwx pac-
cfpoucfn, onnako nooxonumo wfi ononi nnumafoninwm u no hwfafi-
cn naxonufi ux fam, ino ux nof. Iokomonnauuu ho uchonisonanuk II
hpu paofo c nuccouuafunnwmu paccfpoucfnamu, hpunononnwo n hpu-
noxonuu II, hponnaiakf naninoumuo nuainocfunockuo conofw. Ipu
nosnuknononuu comnonuu mw nacfonfonino conofyom hcuxofopahonfam
nahpannnfi knuonfa k chouuanucfy ho nuccouuafunnwm paccfpoucfnom
nnn honynonun fonnoio saknknonun.
Hnannpunannc ucnxu1cpaunn
Ipu nkwx qopmax hcuxofopahuu uonik coanca, nahpannonnoio na
usynonuo ucfopuu knuonfa, nnnnofcn ohponononuo honnou knununoc-
kou kapfunw cnynan hopon fom, kak hponhpunumafi hohwfku nononun.
Ha hopnonananinou cfanuu usynonun ucfopuu knuonfa ohpononnkf,
honxonuf nu on nnn hopopaofku fpanmw c homomik II, na nfo-
pou cfanuu nwnnnnkf hofonuuaninwo uonu c makcumanino nosmoxnou
honponocfik. Ionosnou moxof wfi mofaqopa, hpu kofopou hafo-
noiun hponcfannnofcn kak nokan nocka, hpununnonnan k ionono knu-
onfa u hpunanunman oio. 3anana hcuxofopahonfa cocfouf n fom, nfow
ypafi fy nocky u nafi knuonfy hpocfpancfno nnn pocfa. mocfo foio
nfow hpocfo ufi monofkom ho nocko, nooxonumo naufu na nou nunfw
u uspafi ux n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun. namom cnynao II
nwhonnnof poni momnoio uncfpymonfa nnn wcfpoio ynanonun fux
nunfon.
axo ocnu nna knuonfa hpucfyhakf k hcuxofopahuu c onunakonw-
mu xanoamu, ux hofponocfu no npomn nononun moiyf snanufonino
ofnunaficn. Icuxofopahonfam nooxonumo nwncnufi, kakuo hponomw
moiyf wfi usnononw hyfom honwmonun unqopmuponannocfu, kakuo
hyfom ux paspomonun, kakuo c homomik foxnuk paofw co cfpoc-
com, a kakuo ocnonanw na nucqynkuuonaninou unqopmauuu, nyxna-
kmoucn n hopopaofko. Xofn II moxof wfi uchonisonana nnn ac-
cumunnuuu nonwx ymonuu, nkwo us cymocfnykmux nucqynkuuonani-
nwx haffopnon hpoxno ncoio nonxnw wfi hpanunino ohponononw.
Hahpumop, ocnu knuonf nyxnaofcn n homomu, fak kak n ucfopuu oio
paka wnu cnynau snoyhofpononuu, fo n hpouocco ananusa cnonyof
hpoxno ncoio ohpononufi hopnunnoo cowfuo, k kofopomy nooxonumo
ynof hpumononufi II. cnu myx knuonfku hpuopon cknonnocfi
k ockopufoninomy honononuk hocno nonannou anfomouninou anapuu,
i45
fopahonfunockuu hnan paofw c num nonxon ofnunaficn of foio cny-
nan, koina knuonfka umona noniyk ucfopuk nahonnonnwx ockopnonu-
nmu ofnomonuu, nknknakmyk n con opas nomunupykmoio ofua.
Xofn n hopnom hpumopo knuonfka nyxnanaci n hopopaofko fpanmupy-
kmux cowfuu n ucfopuu cnooio paka, nanunuo nopmaninwx ofnomo-
nuu moxny cyhpyiamu no foio, kak myx honynun fpanmy, hpunonmyk
k usmononunm nunnocfu, hosnonuno hcuxofopahonfy cocponofonufi cnou
ycunun na cymocfnykmux n nacfonmoo npomn qakfopax u na paspomo-
nuu hponom.
o nfopom hpumopo ucfopun fpanmupykmux ofnomonuu ykaswnaof
na xapakfoponoiunockuo nomonfw, k kofopwx nooxonumo wno cho-
uuanino opamaficn hpu hcuxofopahuu. 1akoo nanknonuo n cqopo
hcuxofopahuu n uonom no nnnnofcn nonwm. Onnako n fom cnynao hnan
II-hcuxofopahuu ocnonwnaofcn na nwnonax, cnonannwx us nank-
nonuu no npomn fwcnn coancon ho hopopaofko, ykaswnakmux na fo,
nfo fpanmafunockuu ohwf hauuonfa nacfo nnnnofcn hpnmou hpununou
nucqynkuuonaninwx ofnomonuu, cymocfnykmux n nacfonmoo npomn.
Accouuauuu moxny nwnomnou nucqynkuuonaninocfik u onoo pannumu
unuunonfamu (mw paccmafpunanu fo n inano 2 n konfokcfo mononu yc-
koponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu) hocfonnno quiypupykf n coo-
monunx knuonfon, hpoxonnmux II-hcuxofopahuk, koina n kanocfno
uonu usupaofcn nwnomnnn cufyauun.
Y knuonfon c nucqynkuunmu nonxnw wfi unonfuquuuponanw hpo-
xnuo fpanmafunockuo cnynau, a fakxo hponpachonoxonnocfi k qopmam
honononun, accouuupykmumcn c ofpuuafoninwmu hponcfannonunmu.
mocfo c fpanmafunockumu nsaumoofnomonunmu nooxonumo uspafi
n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun u hopopaofafi onoo pannuo knknonwo
cowfun. 1oniko hocno foio moxno oxunafi hponnnonun cymocfnon-
nwx u ncooxnafwnakmux honononnockux usmononuu.
Xofn nokofopwo xopfnw hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma, nwsnannoio
ofnoninwm cowfuom, moiyf wfi usnononw c homomik II (nnn noio
nooxonumo hpocfo uspafi uonik fpanmafunockoo nochomunanuo),
onimuncfno knuonfon nyxnakfcn n onoo ucnophwnakmom nononuu.
Ono nonxno nknknafi n con hocnononafoninoo uspanuo n kanocfno
uonu nosnoucfnun kak pannux fpanmafunockux cowfuu, fak u nwnom-
nou cufyauuu, cfumynupykmou nucqynkuuonaninocfi, a fakxo anifop-
nafunnwo qopmw honononun, kofopwo moiyf wfi uchonisonanw n y-
nymom nnn nocfuxonun uonu hcuxofopahuu. Cnonyof makcumanino hon-
pono nwncnufi xanow knuonfa u fo, nfo um hponmocfnonano. Xofn
hpunonumwu nanoo hopononi no nnnnofcn ucnophwnakmum, on moxof
oochonufi hcuxofopahonfa nokofopwmu ocnonnwmu nahpannnkmumu
opuonfupamu. Hooxonumo ynocfonopuficn n cnonykmom.
i46
i. lu+nmo+i. Hfo hpoonanaof n nucqynkuuonaninom honononuu,
mouunx u ofpuuafoninwx hponcfannonunx Kakonw chouuqunockuo
cumhfomw (nahpumop, fniocfnwo nochomunanun, nannsnunwo mwcnu
u hpucfyhw hanuku) y nannoio knuonfa Kakonw qakfopw, choco-
cfnykmuo nosnuknononuk fux cumhfomon Kakona ux nacfofa, n ka-
koo npomn onu honnnnkfcn, ino nokanusupykfcn, kakonw ux unwo xa-
pakfopucfuku
anaufo paccmofpum n kanocfno hpumopa cnynau c knuonfkou, no-
nanno ncfyhunmou n pak, nfo wno camwm hocnonnum us copuu fpan-
mafunockux ofnomonuu. Icuxofopahonf ohpononun, nfo oo hopnonanani-
nan hafonoiun cnnsana c nyncfnom cfwna u occunun u hponcfannonuom
H no nocfouna ynaxonun. co fo hponcfannnno coou nomonfw
nwnomnou hpunnsannocfu k hapfnopy, snoyhofponnnmomy nyncfnamu
xonmunw, a fakxo oo nochoconocfu k camoyfnopxnonuk. Ananus
ucfopuu fou xonmunw hokasan, nfo hanunockuo nyncfna u nochomu-
nanun o fom, kak oo unu n nofcfno ponufonu, nosnukanu n fox cnyna-
nx, koina myx non con xononno u nohpunofnuno, koina moq hpuxo-
nun n inon, koina ou hpuxonunoci ofcfaunafi cnou hpana n maiasuno
hopon oio nnanoniuom u f.h.
2. ,:ume:inocmi. Ckoni nonio hponnnnnaci hafonoiun Kak ona us-
monnnaci co npomonom Kakuo usmononun hpoucxonunu n fox qakfopax,
us kofopwx cnaianaci hafonoiun
namom hpumopo hafonoiun knuonfku cymocfnonana c nofcfna, no
hanunockuo hpucfyhw cfanu honfopnficn iopasno namo u cuninoo n
hocnonnuo ionw. Iocno foio kak y knuonfku ponuncn poonok, ona
cfana nyncfnonafi con onoo ynsnumou u nokonfponupyomou.
J. 1epoonuuu:iniu nooo0. Kakoo hopnonananinoo u nauonoo oc-
hokonmoo cowfuo hpunono k nosnuknononuk nucqynkuuonaninocfu
Kakonw wnu ocfonfonicfna n fom nucno cnnsannwo co nsaumonou-
cfnunmu nknou, a fakxo c couuaninwmu u comounwmu qakfopamu,
n fo npomn koina hpousomno hopnonananinoo cowfuo
namom hpumopo knuonfka wna camou mnanmou us fpoux nofou.
Ofou un oo sa manoumyk hponunnocfi, a pafin sahyiunanu. Iopnwu
hpucfyh hanuku, kofopwu moina nchomnufi hauuonfka, hpousomon,
koina ona hpuoxana k mafopu sa homomik, a fa offonknyna oo. Mafi
honopuna n ucfopuk, kofopyk ou pacckasanu pafin, u hpukpuknyna na
nononky: Hy, honoxnu, ckopo hpunof nomou ofou, on foo hokaxof!
4. ,ono:nume:inie npom:ie coimun. Hipanu nu npyiuo cowfun
poni n ycunonuu hafonoiuu Kakonw wnu npyiuo naxnwo qakfopw Kfo
wn ocnonnwm ynacfnukom cowfuu Kakuo fuhw ynacfnukon, nosa-
nahfunnwx poakuuu, noiafunnwx hponcfannonuu u f.h. wnu cnnsanw
c numu Kak cowfun moinu w wfi pasnononw na knacfopw unu ipyhhw
nnn makcumaninou ionopanusauuu hcuxofopahonfunockoio qqokfa
i4?
Knuonfko moxno hponnoxufi unonfuquuuponafi nocnfi oo nauonoo
ochokonmux nochomunanuu. Ofo homoxof ohpononufi n omux nopfax
fuhw ofpuuafoninwx hponcfannonuu u hopoxunanuu, c kofopwmu hpu-
nofcn paofafi n xono hcuxofopahuu.
Knuonfka n namom hpumopo naxonunaci hon ofpuuafoninwm nhonaf-
nonuom mnoionucnonnwx ockopnonuu u usuonuu, hopoxufwx ok n
nofckom nospacfo, a fakxo nucnokcuu, posynifafom noio wnu nconos-
moxnwo ynuxonun n mkono, usnacunonanuo no npomn cnunanun, hpo-
ucmonmoo n knocfu, a fakxo cnnsannwu c mnoionucnonnwmu ockop-
nonunmu u cnynanmu nacunun ohwf omonun c nockonikumu oo hpu-
nfonnmu. co fu ockopnonun u ynuxonun moxno oonunufi n kna-
cfopw. Ionufonu, pafin, fpoo ynufonou u cknonnwo k ockopnonunm
hpunfonu wnu uspanw n kanocfno omou uonu kak opas ocnonnoio
nunonnuka. Ipu fom wnu unonfuquuuponanw cnonykmuo ofpuuafoni-
nwo hponcfannonun: H no nocfouna ynaxonun, H ocknopnona, H
no konfponupyk con u H no moiy nocfuni ychoxa. annwo hpon-
cfannonun hponnnnnuci y knuonfku na paofo, n pasnunnwx couuaninwx
ofnomonunx, a fakxo koina ona wna nonnonona n omonuo c anfopu-
fofnwmu nnn noo nuuamu.
5. ,pyeue u:oi. C kakumu unwmu hponomamu cfankunanaci knu-
onfka Kakuo npyiuo nucqynkuuu moiyf wfi ckpwfw sa hopnwm hpon-
cfannonuom
namom hpumopo n kanocfno fakux nohonnufoninwx xano wnu
uspanw fpynnocfu, cnnsannwo c paofou, u noanoknafnwo ponufoni-
ckuo ofnomonun knuonfku u oo nonopu.
6. Hinemnnn nunpnennocmi. Kakon mouuonaninwu aqqokf knu-
onfku n nacfonmoo npomn Kakuo nucqynkuuonaninwo mouuu unu
qopmw honononun nosnukakf y noo Kakuo noucfnun knuonfka nocho-
cona hponhpunumafi Kakuo nohpocw, cnnsannwo c nnunnuom couu-
aninou cucfomw (nahpumop, nucqynkuuonaninan comounan unu couu-
aninan cfpykfypa), nooxonumo hpunumafi no nnumanuo
Knuonfka n namom hpumopo wna nocnacfnuna kak noma, fak u na
paofo; y noo wno omoo nyncfno noynanu u nuskoio cocfnonnoio
nocfouncfna. Ona no moina nu camoyfnopnuficn, nu nwufu sa hpononw
cnoxunmoucn cufyauuu, nu hponnoxufi coofnofcfnykmyk honnopxky
cnoou nonopu. bonoo foio, wno honnfno, nfo nu oo ponufonu, nu myx
no cfanu w hpunofcfnonafi foio nonoio honononun, kofopoo moino w
nosnuknyfi n posynifafo ynonunonun cfohonu oo camoynaxonun.
?. e:ue+oe cocmonnue. Kak umonno knuonfka hponhonufana w
noucfnonafi, hponnnnfi con, nyncfnonafi Kakuo yoxnonun xofona w
ucnokcun napymonuo choconocfu cnnsno hocfpoufi nwckaswnanuo.
1pu+. nepeoo0uuiu.
i48
umofi Hfo hpohnfcfnyof fomy Kakonw moinu w wfi hofonuuani-
nwo nosmoxnocfu ychomnoio nononun
Xofn knuonfka n namom hpumopo xofona wfi n onimou mopo camo-
yfnopnunmoucn nunnocfik, c honwmonnwm nyncfnom cocfnonnoio
nocfouncfna, oo hocfonnno hpocnononanu nochomunanun o hpomnwx
ockopnonunx u ynuxonunx, a fakxo okaswnanu nannonuo ofpuuafoni-
nwo mouuu, nwswnaomwo myxom u moqom. Hokofopwo us oo nyncfn
ofnocunuci k nwnomnou cufyauuu, no ux unfoncunnocfi n onimou
mopo ohpononnnaci cowfunmu nofcfna; nyncfna nacfo hopohonnnnu oo
nacfoniko, nfo ona no moina anoknafno noucfnonafi. Iofonuuaninwo
hocnoncfnun ychomnoio sanopmonun nononun nknknanu n con nosmox-
noo pomonuo knuonfku o nooxonumocfu pasnocfuci c myxom u naufu
onoo nwcokoohnanunaomyk paofy, nfow mafopuanino oochonunafi
con u cnooio poonka. Ionnfno, nfo fakan hopchokfuna cfankunanaci
c ofpuuafoninwm hponcfannonuom H no moiy nocfuni ychoxa. Konon-
no, nkwo us cymocfnykmux n nannom cnynao ponfnwx ycfanonok non-
xnw wfi hpunnfw no nnumanuo n hopnyk onoponi.
Icuxofopahonf hpu hnanuponanuu nononun hwfancn naufu hapannonu
moxny hpomnwm knuonfku u oo nacfonmum nnn unonfuqukauuu haf-
fopnon nosmoxnou ofnofnou poakuuu. Ohucwnan nwnomnuo cfumynw,
nucqynkuuonaninwo hponcfannonun, mouuu u qopmw honononun,
hcuxofopahonf nonxon wn nwnnonufi chouuqunockuo uonu, kofopwo
oxnafwnanu w kak nauonoo pannuo nochomunanun knuonfku, fak u
camwo nonannuo fpanmafunockuo cowfun. Inan nononun hponycmafpu-
nan uspanuo n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun i) pannux nochomunanuu,
opasykmux ocnony nnn nucqynkuuonaninocfu, 2) nwnomnux qakfo-
pon, cfumynupykmux fpanmafunockuu mafopuan, u J) ynymux ofnof-
nwx poakuuu (cfannapfnwu hpofokon, n kofopom ohucwnaofcn hono-
nan paofa, ocyxnaofcn n inanax J u 8).
4parvcn1 c1cnurpavvu ccanca,
uucnumcnnuru ananniy nc1upnn knncn1kn
Knuonfka xopfna cokcyaninwx snoyhofpononuu, opafunaci k
hcuxofopahonfy nnn onoinonun hocnoncfnuu fpanmw, cnnsannou c cok-
cyaninwmu nomoiafonicfnamu. kommonfapunx ykaswnakfcn hcuxofo-
pahonfunockuo uonu, c kofopwmu cnnsanw nohpocw hcuxofopahonfa.
Ofnofw na fu nohpocw uchonisykfcn n hocnonykmux coancax.
1cuxomepuneom: Hfo hpunono nac ckna
X:uenmiu: Ckoniko n con homnk, monn ochokonf kommapw u
napymonun cna. H noomo no homnk, nfow ux koina-nuo no wno.
i4
Mno kaxofcn, fo cnnsano c fom, nfo mou nnnn conopmun nano mnou
cokcyaninoo nacunuo, koina mno wno okono hnfu nof. Ha nco fo na-
noxunoci honononuo mooio ofua, kofopoo n moina w nasnafi mo-
uuonanino unuocfyosnwm. Ofou nukoina no hpukacancn ko mno u no
nonan nunoio fakoio, nfo hwfancn cnonafi nnnn, no on hocfonnno no-
hyckan noymocfnwo cokcyaninwo nwckaswnanun n mou anpoc. unonu
nu nw koina-nuyni qunimw o nacunuu nan nofimu w snaofo, cny-
naon usuonun nofou ponufonnmu cfanonufcn nco onimo. Onu hpouc-
xonnf oxonnonno. H hpomna pasnwo qopmw hcuxofopahuu, nonio sa-
numanaci monufauuu, hpunnna fonnw nokapcfn. Infi nof nasan n no
chana ho mocfi mynufoninwx nonou n nononk, u n w ckasana counac,
nfo fo nonfo onimoo, nom hpocfo paccfpoucfno cna. A hocno cfpoc-
con y monn wnu conopmonno yxacnwo kommapw.
|Icuxofopahonf ohpononnof hopnunnwo xanow kak napymonun cna.
Iopnunnan uoni ynof nknknafi n con ofua knuonfku, mafi u nnnk.|
1cuxomepuneom: Kak nacfo onu wnu
|Icuxofopahonf hwfaofcn ycfanonufi ocnonnyk nacfofy fpanmafunoc-
kux cowfuu.|
X:uenmiu: H noianwnanaci, nfo nw monn chpocufo o fom. Counac
n honymak... Ofo sanucono of yponnn mooio cfpocca. Moxof wfi,
nockoniko pas n mocnu.
1cuxomepuneom: A ckoniko nco-faku pas Hofwpo, fpu
X:uenmiu: Ipumopno fak...
1cuxomepuneom: Xopomo. C nom nw cnnswnaofo nacfunnoo onoino-
nuo foio cocfonnun, kofopoo wno hnfi nof nasan, koina kommapw
mynunu nac ho nonam mocfi pas n nononk, a counac foniko fpu pasa n
mocnu
X:uenmiu: ymak, fo conofanuo ncoio foio, nfo n nonana. H mno-
io monufuponana, puconana, hucana, sanumanaci pasnwmu qopmamu
hcuxofopahuu, u nymak, nfo hnfi nof nasan fpanma wna noocosnana-
oman u hofomy onanana onimou cunou. Counac n, kononno, cuni-
noo. H n onimou mopo ocosnak fo, kak fpanma nosnoucfnyof na monn
u mou ofnomonun c npyiumu nknimu, u honaiak, nfo oo mouuonani-
nwu sapnn cnusuncn.
1cuxomepuneom: Hfo hpunono k fomy, nfo fpanma cfana onoo ocos-
nanaomou
X:uenmiu: 1panma wna honannonnou na hpofnxonuu hnfnanuafu
nof, c hnfu no nnanuafu. H wna na kanukynax, u fyf co mnou hpo-
usomno nof nfo ................................................... (nacfi sahucu cfopfa).
i5O
Ipunn n con, n nchomnuna nco fo; hamnfi nopnynaci ko mno. Ho naxo
nopos nna iona, yxo hpoxonn kypc hcuxofopahuu, n no wna honnocfik
ynopona n fom, nfo xo umonno cnynunoci co mnou, hofomy nfo, koina
nononoky hnfi nof, on xunof kak no cno nw, nanopnoo, snaofo fo.
mo nopos hapy nof n hoionopuna oo ncom fom c moumu ponufonnmu,
u onu pacckasanu mno, nfo nnnn noucfnufonino hponnnnn cokcyaninwo
nomoiafonicfna k onimuncfny xonmun n namou comio.
| fom nuanoio (u n cfopfou oio nacfu) hcuxofopahonf uccnonyof
hapamofpw u oipanunonun nosmoxnocfu nwswnafi nochomunanuo u
hwfaofcn ohpononufi, kakuo umonno ycnonun moiyf iapanfuponafi qop-
maninwu ofnof.|
1cuxomepuneom: Iacckaxufo mno honponoo, nfo nw homnufo o cny-
nao cokcyaninoio nomoiafonicfna.
|Icuxofopahonf ohpononnof onny us hopnwx uonou.|
X:uenmiu: ochomunanun n onimou mopo cnonunnw. co, nfo n
homnk, kak na nonopunko ho cnynak nnn poxnonun nnnn, cfnnyn c
monn fpycw, hwfaofcn sapaficn cnopxy. Ipumopno nofwpo mocnua nasan
n hohana n anfomouninyk anapuk, u hocno foio mnoio sanumanaci
paofou c fonom, ocoonno cnnsannou c onacfik nionuu u onop. o
npomn nockonikux coancon fonocnou paofw ko mno hpumnu nonwo noc-
homunanun o fom, kak monn honanunu na nunan u ncfannnkf nfo-fo
moxny nionuuamu. H no nymak, nfo fo wn honuc. Ckopoo, fo wn
hanou, a moxof wfi, u nfo-fo npyioo.
1cuxomepuneom: Xopomo. cfi nu y nac omo kakuo-fo nochomuna-
nun
X:uenmiu: Hof.
1cuxomepuneom: Hfak, onno nochomunanuo, koina na nno poxno-
nun on honanun nac, sapancn cnopxy u hwfancn nfo-fo ncfanufi.
X:uenmiu: Ofo nna pasnwx nochomunanun. Cnynau na nno poxno-
nun fo onno nochomunanuo, a koina monn honanunu na nunan
npyioo. Mno kaxofcn, fo nna ofnoninwx qpaimonfa.
1cuxomepuneom: Hy xopomo. cfi nu y nac kakuo-nuo coopaxo-
nun o fom, ino fo hpousomno
|Icuxofopahonf hponcnnof fof momonf.|
X:uenmiu: Y monn noma. H homnk fo ofnofnuno. fom nomo, ino
n nwpocna.
i5i
1cuxomepuneom: 1o ocfi hpasnnonanuo nnn poxnonun hpoucxonuno
y nac noma. A nfopoo nochomunanuo
X:uenmiu: H no snak.
1cuxomepuneom: Hy xopomo. Ckoniko omy wno nof
X:uenmiu: oponfno, okono fpunuafu.
1cuxomepuneom: A nam okono hnfu Hy nanno. anaufo fohopi ho-
cmofpum na foio, komy counac okono mocfunocnfu...
|Icuxofopahonf ohpononnof hapamofpw, ofnocnmuocn k osohacno-
cfu nwnomnou cufyauuu, cnnsannou c ynymou paofou.|
X:uenmiu: a.
1cuxomepuneom: Xopomo. w ionopunu, nfo nco namu kommapw
cnnsanw c fum cnynaom. Ho moinu w nw honcnufi fy mwcni
X:uenmiu: a, n honpasymonana, nfo myxnunw ncoina cokcyanino
afakonanu monn.
1cuxomepuneom: bwnu nu fo onnu u fo xo honfopnkmuocn cnonu-
nonun, n kofopwx nac afakonanu fo xo camwo myxnunw
|Icuxofopahonf hwfaofcn ohpononufi uonu, cnnsannwo c opasamu
cnonunonuu.|
X:uenmiu: Hof, myxnunw wnu pasnwo, a foma oman.
1cuxomepuneom: Coxpanunuci nu y nac npkuo nochomunanun o fom
|Icuxofopahonf hwfaofcn unonfuquuuponafi uonu nnn hopopaofku.|
X:uenmiu: Onno us nonannux cnonunonuu wno cnnsano no c nnnou,
a c moum ofuom. fom cnonunonuu a fo wno noucfnufonino
kommapnoo cnonunonuo on macfypuponan, uchonisyn monn kak
ookf nnn nosyxnonun. o cno n kpunana omy, nfow on hpokpafun
fo nonafi.
1cuxomepuneom: Xopomo.
X:uenmiu: Ownno fo wnaof nocima yipoxakmum... hpocwhaomi-
cn, a n komnafo kfo-fo ocfi... kfo-fo nomon, nfow hpununufi foo
oni... kfo-fo, hponukmuu n knapfupy...
1cuxomepuneom: a.
X:uenmiu: onnom us hyiakmux nofckux cnonunonuu n nnopi nom-
na uonan ipyhha myxnun c nunfonkamu, yipoxan mno. Onun us nux wn
moum ofuom. Ho n snana, nfo mou ofou n fo npomn paofan n iapaxo,
a fo wn snou nnounuk, saipumuponanmuucn hon ofua. nofcfno fo
wno nnn monn ocoonno yxacno.
i52
1cuxomepuneom: Hy, xopomo. Ofnoxum kommapw, hycfi onu ho-
kunyf nac. Hfo omo, ho namomy mnonuk, okaswnaof counac na nac
nosnoucfnuo
|Icuxofopahonf nwncnnof npyiuo xanow.|
X:uenmiu: Y monn ononi honwmonnan nacfopoxonnocfi. w, na-
nopnoo, snaofo, nfo ychokouficn wnaof fak nonoiko... Y monn mnoio
safpynnonuu n omonuu c myxnunamu.
1cuxomepuneom: Kakoio pona fu safpynnonun
X:uenmiu: Camoio pasnoopasnoio. H nonanno ocosnana, nfo y monn
ocfi fonnonuun nwupafi myxnun, cknonnwx k couuohafuu, fuha mo-
oio ofua. Onu ononi xapusmafunnw u onaponafoninw, hpunnokafoni-
nw u nunom no ckonanw. Y nux ncoina ocfi ofnomonun omo c kom-fo u
onu ncoina omanwnakf monn. Ownno fakuo nacfo copnnfcn, wnakf
npaxnonw u, n w ckasana, mouuonanino opomonufoninw.
1cuxomepuneom: cfi nu y nac counac ofnomonun c fakum myxnu-
nou
X:uenmiu: Hof! (Cmoofcn).
1cuxomepuneom: Koina n namou xusnu n hocnonnuu pas wn fakou
myxnuna
X:uenmiu: H hopnana c num okono honyiona nasan. Ofu ofnomonun
nnunuci nocomi mocnuon u wnu ononi copiosnwmu fo nco, nfo n moiy
counac o nux ckasafi. Iofom on sannun, nfo nnkuncn n npyiyk xon-
muny. On wn ononi xocfokum, namu ofpomonun ohycfomanu monn,
no counac n yxo nco fo hpoononona.
1cuxomepuneom: Xopomo. A kakuo y nac counac ofnomonun c ofuom
X:uenmiu: Ofo cnoxnwu nohpoc. Iocno foio cnynan c moum nnnou
n kak w ofposana of con ofua. On wn fom nononokom n comio, kofo-
pwu nochufwnan monn n onimou mopo, nom kfo-nuo npyiou. nn monn
wno fnxonwm maiom ofnyxnonuo of ofua, hofomy nfo cnumkom mno-
io fohna u saofw accouuuponanoci c num. Ho nockoniko nof nasan n
hpocfo ycfanonuna xocfkoo oipanunonuo na nco oio cokcyaninwo my-
fonku u ckasana, nfo no yny onimo c num ncfponaficn, ocnu on y-
nof fak hocfyhafi. Iocno foio u on hpokpafun fak nocfu con.
|Hwnomnuo ofnomonun c ofuom ynyf uspanw n kanocfno uonu.|
1cuxomepuneom: w ionopufo, nfo snakomwo myxnunw nahomunanu
nam ofua n cnoou couuohafunnocfu. Kak fo hponnnnnoci nnn nac Kakuo
omo honponocfu o ofnomonunx c ofuom nw moinu w pacckasafi
X:uenmiu: Iocno nnanuafu hnfu nof conmocfnou xusnu on pocun
mok mafi, ocfanun sahucky, u coxan n npohy co cnoou honpyiou.
i5J
Cynn o ncomy, on nukoina no cnufan, nfo cnonan nfo-fo hnoxoo. Mon
mafi hapy nof nasan hpoxonuna kypc hcuxofopahuu, u hocno foio na-
nana usmonnficn. Ona cfana hpuxonufi n con u ocnooxnaficn of cno-
oio inona. Mou ofnomonun c mafopik counac onoo snoponwo, nom
panimo. Moxny namu nakohunoci cfoniko ncnkou opynnw, no nam
ynanoci hpopaofafi nco fo... Ona noni ocfaofcn moou mafopik, u xofn
hpononxaof honfankunafi monn k osymuk, fo namu ownnwo of-
nomonun...
1cuxomepuneom: Xopomo. Kakuo omo y nac ocfi nochomunanun o
ofuo, ofpaxakmuo namu nyncfna u ochokoucfna, cnnsannwo c num
X:uenmiu: Iopnoo, nfo hpuxonuf mno n ionony, kak n coupakci
unfu na nonopunky, honxoxy k nnopu, u fyf ofou cmofpuf na monn u
ionopuf: Ho cnumkom nu fw cunino nakpamona u mno hpuxonuf-
cn cmwnafi noci mou makunx. Cmwcn fox oio cnon honnfon: 1w no
nonxna wfi nspocnou, no nonxna wfi xonmunou, no nonxna wfi
cokcyaninou, no nonxna wfi c kom-fo npyium.
|Ofo nochomunanuo foxo ynof uspano n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun.|
1cuxomepuneom: Xopomo. Hfo omo
X:uenmiu: H no nymana oo ncom fom okono hnfnanuafu nof...
1cuxomepuneom: A nfo omo nw moinu w ckasafi o ofnomonunx c
mafopik
X:uenmiu: H homnk con cfonmou na kononnx u mafi, kpunamyk na
monn. H chpamunak: Hfo xo fw of monn xonomi, no ona nunoio
no ofnonaof...
|Ofo nochomunanuo foxo ynof uspano n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun.|
1cuxomepuneom: Kakuo omo nochomunanun unu ofnomonun nw moi-
nu w nasnafi, kofopwo, kak nam kaxofcn, ycununakf nyncfno, nfo
nw nonocfafonno nopw unu nfo nw occuninw
|Iponomw cocfnonnoio nocfouncfna u konfponn ynyf uspanw n
kanocfno uonu u uchonisonanw nnn ohponononun ofpuuafoninwx u ho-
noxufoninwx hponcfannonuu.|
X:uenmiu: Hmofi nu mno cnok comik bynof nu kfo-nuyni n moou
xusnu of nfo sanumaof monn...
1cuxomepuneom: Hy, fo yxo nfo-fo npono nwcmoio, nocnfoio moc-
fa hoonufonn xuf-hapana...
| fom cnynao hponmof hcuxofopahonfunockoio nosnoucfnun ncon;
n unwx cnynanx hcuxofopahonf moi w chpocufi o nocnfu nauonoo oc-
i54
hokonmux nochomunanunx, no ykaswnan konkpofnyk koinufunnyk
fomy.|
X:uenmiu: Y monn wn onun myxnuna nockoniko nof nasan. Mw
wnu nusku k cokcyaninwm ofnomonunm, no yxo n hocfonu on nnpyi
ckasan mno, nfo n oio no nosyxnak. H wna nohpunfno hopaxona
fumu cnonamu. Ho snak, kak w n ofpoaiuponana na fo counac, no
foina fo ononi cunino paccfpouno monn.
|Ofo nochomunanuo ynof uspano n kanocfno uonu.|
1cuxomepuneom: Ckoniko nam foina wno nof
X:uenmiu: Hanopnoo, nnanuafi fpu. Ofo wno na hpofnxonuu fox
hocnonnux honyfopa nof, koina n hoipysunaci n camyk ipnsi...
1cuxomepuneom: Hfo omo ycununaof namu nyncfna
X:uenmiu: Iaspwn c fum myxnunou mocfi mocnuon nasan. Ofo no
wno hoxoxo na npyiuo hononwo cowfun, xofn on noucfnufonino
opamancn co mnou, kak c kakumu-fo ofpocamu...
1cuxomepuneom: cfi nu y nac kakoo-fo nochomunanuo, ofpaxak-
moo fy cufyauuk
X:uenmiu: a, n homnk, kak ionopuna: 1w omanwnaomi monn,
a on ofnonan: 1oo, n nuxy, hpocfo npanufcn fak nymafi. oio io-
noco wna foina fakan npaxnonocfi...
|Ofo nochomunanuo moxof wfi uspano n kanocfno uonu n sanucu-
mocfu of yponnn ochokoucfna na onoo hosnnou cfanuu nononun.|
1cuxomepuneom.: cfi nu choco ycunufi fo
X:uenmiu: a. Ipuufu ckna, nfow snoci nwpocufi us con nck
fy ianocfi... Ofo honono ocnooxnonuk of kommapon. w snaofo, n
ofoxnocfnnnk con co cnoumu kommapamu. H ofoxnocfnnnkci co cno-
ou fpanmou, co cnoum nacfpoonuom, u mnou nnanoof yoxnonuo, nfo n
nohpuionna nnn xusnu. Ha ohponononnom yponno, kak nw snaofo, mou
nwop hpoqoccuu u mou nsaumoofnomonun c myxnunamu nco npama-
ofcn nokpyi moou fpanmw.
1cuxomepuneom: A nfo, ocnu w nw no wnu, kak nw ionopufo,
nohpuionnw k xusnu
|Icuxofopahonf usynaof ponfnwo ycfanonku u uonu. H nohpuion-
na nnn xusnu fo ofnomonuo fakxo ynof uspano n kanocfno ofpu-
uafoninoio hponcfannonun.|
X:uenmiu: w snaofo, y monn ocfi nokofopwo noianku... Mno ka-
xofcn, n cmoina w wfi nom-fo onimum, nom n ocfi, hpocfo wfi
i55
onoo panocfnou. H nyncfnyk, nfo sacnyxunak nknu u ncox fox xopo-
mux nomou, kofopwo yxo wnanu n moou xusnu... bwfi choconou
umofi fo xopomoo... Cfauninwo u snoponwo ofnomonun...
|Ofu nwckaswnanun ynyf uchonisonanw n hpouocco hcuxofopahuu
u hponpamonw n honoxufoninwo hponcfannonun.|
1cuxomepuneom: cfi nu y nac kakuo-fo ocowo nochomunanun, cnn-
sannwo c fom momonfom, koina nw honnnu, nfo no sacnyxunaofo nu
nknu, nu noio-nuo xopomoio n xusnu
|Ipoucxonuf ohponononuo ofpuuafoninwx hponcfannonuu.|
X:uenmiu: a. bwna ononi naxnan nomi, kofopyk n ycnouna of cnoou
mafopu nopa, nfo n yny kpacunou. a, n homnk... A ocnu nsinnnyfi
na fo coionnn... cnu w n no nwinnnona conopmonnou, no wna kpa-
cuna, ocnu w n wna foncfou, fo mafi copnunaci w na monn, kak
copnnfcn na poonka, hpuanunmoio n noco numnuo hnfi qynfon. Io-
fomy n nofcfno n wna fonkou u cfpounou nononkou. H no snak, koi-
na n nanana honnofi. 1ak wno co ncomu xonmunamu n namou comio.
|Ioakuun mafopu fakxo ynof uspana n kanocfno uonu.|
1cuxomepuneom: Hfo wno nynmum nocfuxonuom ncou fou mnoionof-
nou hcuxofopahuu, kofopyk nw hpoxonunu
X:uenmiu: Camo ocosnanuo, nfo ocfi hpununa, ho kofopou y monn
no cknanwnakfcn naiohpunfnwo ofnomonun c myxnunamu. Ianimo n
no honumana foio u cnufana, nfo n hpunfnwu nononok. Ionomy y monn
nonxnw wfi kakuo-fo hponomw no nsaumoofnomonunx oni y monn
ocfi hpokpacnwo npysin. A fohopi n honumak, nfo honfopnk fo haf-
fopnw, kofopwo hponnunuci n ucfopuu c moum nnnou, mafopik, of-
uom, u nanknak, kak n fo nonak. H offackunak cama con hponi,
koina nuxy, nfo ohnfi nanunaofcn fo xo camoo.
1cuxomepuneom: w yhomnnynu nyncfna unu mwcnu, cnnsannwo c
fom, nfo nw nonocfafonno xopomu u nopw, occuninw u nohpuionnw
nnn xusnu. A nyncfno, nfo nw nonxnw wfi conopmonnw, coxpanu-
noci nu ono y nac
|Icuxofopahonf cymmupyof ofpuuafoninwo hponcfannonun u hwfaofcn
naufu nohonnufoninyk unqopmauuk.|
X:uenmiu: a, fo nyncfno, kononno, hpunfnoo. Ono ocfaofcn y
monn no cux hop.
i56
1cuxomepuneom: cfi nu y nac kakuo-nuo nochomunanun, cnnsan-
nwo umonno c fum nyncfnom 1oniko inon us-sa numnux hnfu qyn-
fon
X:uenmiu: a.
1cuxomepuneom: Xopomo. Kakuo omo yoxnonun nnuxyf namu nfo-
nuyni npono hofponocfu n conopmoncfno, nouchonnumou us-sa foio,
nfo nw nonocfafonno xopomu, unu hofponocfu wfi hpokpacnou
X:uenmiu: Ha camom nono nnn monn naxno numi onno kak n nw-
innxy.
1cuxomepuneom: Kakuo nochomunanun cnnsanw c fum
|Icuxofopahonf nwswnaof nochomunanun c uonik ohpononufi hon-
xonnmoo nnn uonu ofpuuafoninoo hponcfannonuo.|
X:uenmiu: co nochomunanun. Mon mafi unof n iocfu, u nco npomn
ynonnof nnumanuo fomy, nfo n om. Hnu npyiou hpumop. Ona opof monn
c coou n maiasun u hocfonnno ionopuf o fom, kakan xopoman y monn
quiypa nynmo, nom y koio w fo nu wno. 1o nu fo, o nom nw
chpamunanu
1cuxomepuneom: a. Moxno nu ckasafi, nfo n namom nofcfno u
no foniko n nofcfno wno mnoio honfnopxnonuu foio, nfo nw xopo-
mo nwinnnufo cnu nw hohpoyofo cipyhhuponafi nco fo, cmoxofo
nu nw ckasafi: a, noucfnufonino, ux wno mnoio Moxofo nu nw
ckasafi, nfo honynanu onimo fakux honfnopxnonuu of mafopu Hnu
of ofua
X:uenmiu: Of ooux.
1cuxomepuneom: Of ooux... Xopomo.
X:uenmiu: bonimo nco-faku of mafopu. Hahpumop: 1w nonxna wfi
kpacunou. Ho kak nw nunufo, c ofuom nono onoo fonkoo. Hfow
honynafi of noio nooxonumyk honnopxky, mno nyxno wno wfi n
nokofopom cmwcno cokcyanusuponannou, wfi n ponu xonmunw...
A nfow no honnopiaficn nakasanunm co cfoponw mafopu, n hpocfo
nonxna wna wfi kpacunou.
1cuxomepuneom: A kakuo omo y nac ocfi nochomunanun o nooxonu-
mocfu wfi cokcyanusuponannou nnn foio, nfow honynafi honnop-
xky of ofua
X:uenmiu: H homnk, kak onu oa, ofou u nnnn, cfonnu hopono mnou
u ionopunu: O, fw hpocfo hpokpacna. Mno foina wno nof nocnfi unu
okono foio. Koina n cmofpk na cnok qofoipaquk n nocnfi nof, n no
nuxy fam nunoio hpokpacnoio. Ha camom nono n wna noyknkxou... no,
kak nw snaofo, onu cnufanu ho-npyiomy. A n knocfu mou ofou nosnpa-
mancn k fomy cnona u cnona; on nco npomn ionopun mno ho fonoqony,
i5?
kakan n cokcyaninan. H kakan n cumhafunnan, u nackoniko hpunnoka-
fonina nnn nknou, n ocoonnocfu nnn myxnun.
|ochomunanun o poakuuu ofua ynyf uspanw n kanocfno uonu ho-
popaofku.|
1cuxomepuneom: A kakoo y nac wno hocnonnoo kommapnoo cnonu-
nonuo
X:uenmiu: 1o, n kofopom ofou macfypuponan.
1cuxomepuneom: A hopon fom
X:uenmiu: mo onno cnonunonuo, cnnsannoo c ofuom. Ofu nna cno-
nunonun wnu yxacnw. Mno cnunoci, nfo n nasnanuna cnunanuo on-
nomy myxnuno, no on no hpumon... H xofona hponocfu c num noni,
no on no hpumon, u mno hpumnoci, ockopnonnou ncom fum, chafi
n onnou komnafo c moum ofuom. 1am wna nnychaninan kponafi u nok-
pyi unofw... H ionopuna ofuy, nfo nco-faku xofona w chafi n cnoou
cocfnonnou hocfonu.
1cuxomepuneom: w ckasanu, nfo fakuo cnonunonun namo wnakf y
nac, koina nw hopoxunaofo cfpocc. Hfo nwswnaof y nac fof cfpocc
|Icuxofopahonf hwfaofcn unonfuquuuponafi nwnomnuo cfumynw.|
X:uenmiu: H nasnanuna cnunanuo onnomy nononoky, no yxo mocnu,
kak namu ofnomonun cfanu paspymaficn. Mw oa nananu honumafi,
nfo namu ofnomonun no hpunonyf nu k nomy xopomomy, u foina y monn
cfanu nosnukafi ochokonmuo cnonunonun. mo n nunona ho fononuso-
py hoponany o nononoko, hopoxunmom fpanmy, u k nomy fo hpunono.
1cuxomepuneom: A kakoio pona wna fpanma
X:uenmiu: Cokcyaninan.
1cuxomepuneom: Xopomo. Hfo-nuyni omo
X:uenmiu: H nymak, nfo u foio nhonno nocfafonno...
1cuxomepuneom: 3nanuf, hpununa cfpocca cfpax paspwna ofnomo-
nuu u hoponana ho fononusopy o cokcyaninou fpanmo
X:uenmiu: a.
1cuxomepuneom: Kak w nw ohucanu cnok nwnomnkk paofy
|Icuxofopahonf usynaof nanunuo anifopnafunnwx xano u nnunnuu
co cfoponw couuaninou cucfomw.|
X:uenmiu: Mon paofa... H paofak n ....................... (hpohyck n
sahucu) u mno npanufcn mon paofa.
1cuxomepuneom: Xopomo. Hfo nw omo moxofo noanufi
X:uenmiu: Ofo nonco no fo, nfo n nymana.
i58
1cuxomepuneom: cnu mw nannom paofy c foxnukou II, kak nw
ysnaofo o fom, nfo mw nonaom H nfo moxof hpunocfu nac k nwnony,
nfo paofa sakonnona
|Honu, ofmonaomwo knuonfkou, moiyf cocfannnfi honononnockuo
usmoponun nnn hpononumou hosnnoo ouonku.|
X:uenmiu: Choconocfi chafi inyoko, chokouno u noucfnufonino
ofpocufi unok o fom, nfo n nohpuionna nnn xusnu, no sacnyxunak
nknu u hofomy no moiy oo umofi. Ionnopxunafi snoponwo nsaumo-
ofnomonun.
1cuxomepuneom: Hfo omo
X:uenmiu: bonimo panocfu n xusnu.
1cuxomepuneom: Hfo-nuyni omo
X:uenmiu: Hof.
1cuxomepuneom: w ionopufo: H no sacnyxunak nknu u hofomy no
moiy umofi oo. Koina fa mwcni nhopnwo hpumna nam n ionony
|Icuxofopahonf umof uoni nnn ofpuuafoninoio hponcfannonun.|
X:uenmiu: H no nymak, nfo moxno nasnafi konkpofnoo npomn, koina
fa mwcni nosnukna. osmoxno, koina n wna n inyokom cfpocco,
mnoio paofana u no honynana nocfafonnou ofnanu. Moxof wfi, no
npomn foio hocnonnoio paspwna c myxnunou, o kofopom n ionopuna.
1cuxomepuneom: Moxofo nu nw ckasafi omo nfo-nuyni o myxnunax,
kofopwx nw nwupaofo, kpomo foio, nfo y ncox nux ocfi omuu hpu-
snak nochoconocfi na hponnyk hpunnsannocfi
|Icuxofopahonf uccnonyof nohonnufoninwo hponomw.|
X:uenmiu: H ynonnna cnumkom mnoio nnumanun fomy, kak onu nw-
innnnf. H nymana, nfo ocnu onu hpunfno nwinnnnf, fo n cmoiy wfi
nmocfo c numu, uinopupyn nco ocfaninoo. mo n snak, nfo c camoio
nanana nco fu ofnomonun nnnnkfcn omukou. Y monn nocfafonno xo-
poman unfyuuun; fo ocfanoci no mno nohonpoxnonnwm.
1cuxomepuneom: Iacckaxufo honponoo o fom.
X:uenmiu: H homnk, kak pacckaswnana onnomy npyiy o cnoux hoc-
nonnux ofnomonunx c myxnunou: H ncfponakci c fum hapnom, xofn
u snak, nfo on hpunocof mno nocnacfio. Iofomy mno no xofonoci w
ononi cunino hpunnswnaficn k nomy. H n hpopnana namu ofnomonun,
nnunmuocn nocomi mocnuon. H no foniko sapanoo coupanaci cnonafi fo,
no u pacckasana npyiomy nononoky. Iponcnnof nu fo nomnoio nono
i5
1cuxomepuneom: A nfo hpoucxonuno moxny fum namum sannnonu-
om u fom momonfom, koina nw ymnu of noio
X:uenmiu: On hpumon ko mno c nunom kpyfoio hapnn, foniko nfo
ynacfnonanmoio n ipyhhonom cokco. On wn ononi conasnufonon, u
cokc y nac wn noucfnufonino nohnoxou. H n nonana fo, nfo mno xo-
fonoci, ofkasanmuci of hohwfok konfponuponafi cufyauuk, hpocfo
cnononana sa fom, fo hpoucxonuno, hosnonnn cowfunm pasnunaficn oc-
focfnonnwm hyfom.
1cuxomepuneom: Hfo osnanakf namu cnona ofkaswnanaci of hohw-
fok konfponuponafi
X:uenmiu: Onu osnanakf, nfo n no moiy nnunfi na fo, nfo nochpu-
numak. Ofo hoxoxo na fo, kak ynfo n nnyfpu u nonno yfpanunak ncn-
kyk konipynfnocfi. Kak ynfo n nochpunumak nfo-fo, a safom of-
nopiak fo u honnunnkci hnanam npyioio nononoka, oio pachopnnky
nnn...
1cuxomepuneom: Choconw nu nw ycfanannunafi oipanunonun na
yponno cnon: Hof, n hponhonufak no nonafi foio unu H xony nmo-
cfo foio cnonafi npyioo, u fakum opasom yfnopxnafi cnoo xona-
nuo cnonafi nfo-nuo Hfo nw nymaofo o fom
|Icuxofopahonf umof fo qopmw honononun, kofopwo ynyf uspa-
nw n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun.|
X:uenmiu: Ofnacfu fo xopomo, ofnacfu hnoxo.
1cuxomepuneom: A ocnu ionopufi o nsaumoofnomonunx
X:uenmiu: H moiy hpokpamafi cokcyaninwo ofnomonun c myxnunou,
ocnu snak, nfo fo no hpunocof mno ynonnofnoponun. H hpocfo ofpa-
cwnak nco fo, ocnu no nyncfnyk ynonnofnoponun.
|Icuxofopahonf unonfuquuupyof fo kak qopmw honononun, kofo-
pwo nonxnw wfi uspanw n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun.|
1cuxomepuneom: Hoio nw nounaofoci fum
X:uenmiu: Hunoio. Ipocfo cnonyk cfapomy haffopny: fakoo hono-
nonuo nauonoo nusko mno. Ipocfo uinopuponafi, honumaofo H
nwpocna, okpyxonnan nknimu, cknonnwmu k cokcyaninwm nomoiafoni-
cfnam u snoyhofpononunm, nfo mno omo ocfaofcn, kak no uinopu-
ponafi a, fo nononino onosnonno, no n nunoio no moiy hononafi.
1cuxomepuneom: Hfo omo, kpomo cokca, nw ofnopiaofo, ocnu no
nyncfnyofo n fom ynonnofnoponun
X:uenmiu: H ononi saofnunwu nononok, u unoina n hpocfo ofnak,
ofnak, ofnak... nmocfo foio nfow ckasafi: Ofo fnon hponoma, cam
c nou pasupaucn.
i6O
|Icuxofopahonf unonfuquuupyof fakoo honononuo kak hofonuuani-
nyk uoni n fom cnynao, ocnu na hocnonnux cfanunx hcuxofopahuu ynyf
coxpannficn hponomw c honononuom.|
1cuxomepuneom.: A nfo nw moxofo ckasafi o camonochufanuu
|Icuxofopahonf hponopnof nanunuo hpusnakon camonocfpykfunnoc-
fu unu nocfauninocfu.|
X:uenmiu: H nonak nnn foio nononino mnoio. a, y monn ocfi cfa-
pan fpanma, no n nknk hononiy sanumaficn pasnwmu yhpaxnonunmu,
conopmafi hpoiynku homkom, hpunumafi iopnnuo nannw. nuncfnon-
noo, n nom n no saonyci o coo, n no iofonnk humy. 1akon yx mou
opas xusnu. Ipocfo n ononi sannfa nnn foio.
Ipunononnwu qpaimonf cfonoipammw hokaswnaof, nfo knuonfka
cfpanana of napymonuu cna u nuskoio camoynaxonun. Cnnsannwo c fum
ofpuuafoninwo hponcfannonun nckpwnakf nyncfna cocfnonnou nono-
cfounocfu u yfpafw konfponn. Hoiafunnan camoouonka knuonfku, cynn
ho ncomy, nnnnofcn posynifafom nosmoxnoio cokcyaninoio nomoiafoni-
cfna n pannom nofcfno, fak xo kak u cnoncfnuom nucqynkuuonaninoc-
fu nsaumoofnomonuu c ponufonnmu. Ofu hponomw moiyf ofnacfu nn-
nnficn hpununou camonocfpykfunnwx u cnnsannwx c pasnunnwmu
snoyhofpononunmu ofnomonuu no nspocnom nospacfo.
Cnynau, nohocponcfnonno ofnocnmuocn k noiafunnou camoouonko
knuonfku, ynyf honnopinyfw hopopaofko no npomn nananinou cfanuu
hcuxofopahuu. Ofo pannuo nofckuo unuunonfw, cnnsannwo c ofuom u
mafopik, a fakxo pnn onoo pannux nsaumonoucfnuu, ycununmux nyn-
cfno knuonfku, nfo ona nonocfouna ynaxonun u nohpuionna nnn xus-
nu. Iopopaofka ynof nknknafi n con u ofkpwfuo nonwx qopm hono-
nonun, cnnsannwx c honoxufoninwmu ofnomonunmu. Chouuqunockuo
nonnwo kommapw, nwswnakmuo nyncfno cfpaxa, u nnycmwcnonnwo
mouuu, ofnocnmuocn k oo myxnunam, fakxo ynyf uspanw n kano-
cfno uonu.
1akan hcuxofopahonfunockan ouonka, hpononuman na ocnono ananusa
inyunnou ucfopuu knuonfku, wna w nooxonuma n fom cnynao, ocnu
w y noo wnu hponomw, cnnsannwo c napymonunmu hufanun unu
snoyhofpononuom fomu unu unwmu xumunockumu nomocfnamu. fa-
kom cnynao k fum hponomam nooxonumo wno w opamaficn nohoc-
poncfnonno, kak k uonu hopopaofku. Ha ocnonanuu honynonnou un-
qopmauuu uonik coanca II-hcuxofopahuu wna uspana cuona
cokcyaninwx nomoiafonicfn, ohucannan knuonfkou. Iocno houcka hpu-
i6i
snakon nuccouuafunnwx paccfpoucfn, hpumononun nkwx nooxonumwx
qopm ookfunnou hcuxomofpuu u sanopmonun honiofonufoninou cfa-
nuu, nknknan uncfpykuuu ho nwhonnonuk yhpaxnonuu na ponakca-
uuk, wna nanafa cama II-hcuxofopahun.
Hpak1nka uu nancnncv
Hncfpykfopw, oynakmuo foxnuko II, unoina nanknakf sa
fom, kak oynakmuocn nwhonnnkf yhpaxnonun ho ananusy ucfopuu
knuonfa u paspaafwnakf na ocnono foio hnanw nononun. Ipanuni-
nwu ofop knuonfon nnnnofcn nacfoniko naxnwm momonfom nononun u
cosnanun nnn knuonfon osohacnwx ycnonuu, nfo uncfpykfopam II
cnonyof hponopnfi, nackoniko xopomo oynakmuocn snakf nco fo hpu-
snaku u hponyhpoxnonun, na ocnono kofopwx ocymocfnnnofcn ofop
knuonfon. nn fux uonou moxof wfi honosnwm opasou nanka nan-
nwx, hpunonumwu n hpunoxonuu I.
H1urn n nunuu
II fo n nwcmou cfohonu unfopakfunnwu, ocnonannwu na
nsaumonoucfnuu honxon, fpoykmuu of hcuxofopahonfa consufunnoc-
fu u iukocfu. Ipunuuhuanino naxno u fo, nfow ofop knuonfon wn
hpousnonon hpanunino, fak kak nopaspomonnwu nuccouuafunnwu ma-
fopuan, chonfanno nosnukakmuu no npomn hcuxofopahuu, moxof nw-
swnafi unfoncunnwo mouuonaninwo hopoxunanun. Iofomy hcuxofo-
pahonfw nonxnw uchonisonafi foxnuky II foniko c fomu knuonfa-
mu, kofopwo onanakf nocfafonnou cfohonik nnyfponnou cfaunino-
cfu u naxonnfcn n xusnonnwx ycnonunx, hosnonnkmux chpannnficn c
nosmoxnwmu hponnnonunmu ofpoaiuponanun u nucfpocca n unfopnanax
moxny hcuxofopahonfunockumu coancamu.
bosohacnocfi knuonfa fpoyof, nfow hcuxofopahonf ouonunan fa-
kuo qakfopw, kak knununockuo nsaumoofnomonun c knuonfom u yc-
nonun oio xusnu, n fom nucno oio sakonnwo hofponocfu, cnnsannwo
co nsaumoofnomonunmu; nohpocw mouuonaninou cfauninocfu, n fom
nucno nooxonumocfi iochufanusauuu unu hpumononun monukamonfon;
nnounwo nuainosw; hponomw qusunockoio hpunyxnonun u choconocfi
knuonfa uchonisonafi hpouonypw ponakcauuu. Iopon fom, kak hpucfy-
hafi k II-hcuxofopahuu, nonxno wfi fakxo hpousnonono uccno-
nonanuo nnn nwnnnonun hpusnakon nuccouuafunnwx paccfpoucfn (cm.
hpunoxonuo I).
II nukoina no hpumonnofcn hpu ofcyfcfnuu nocfafonnwx nan-
nwx o ucfopuu knuonfa, anoknafnwx knununockux nsaumoofnomonuu,
nknknakmux ycfanonnonuo pahhopfa u conknonuo komqopfnocfu knu-
onfa, a fakxo os paspaofku hnana nononun. Inan nononun nonxon
unonfuquuuponafi chouuqunockuo uonu, nknknan fo achokfw ponfnwx
ycfanonok, k kofopwm nhocnoncfnuu nooxonumo ynof opafuficn.
cymnocfu, hcuxofopahonf nonxon nwnnufi nochomunanun o fox hpomnwx
cowfunx, kofopwo cfanu hpununou hafonoiuu, a fakxo nosnoucfnyk-
mux na knuonfa n nacfonmoo npomn cufyauuu u nknou, hpunonnmux k
cfumynuponanuk nucqynkuuonaninocfu; a fakxo ohpononufi komhonon-
fw, nooxonumwo nnn nocfuxonun anahfunnoio u xonaomoio opasa
anoknafnwx ynymux noucfnuu. cnu cumhfomw, a fakxo ocnonnwo
qakfopw nucqynkuuonaninocfu u oo ocnona no ynyf anoknafno ohpo-
nononw, fo knununockan qqokfunnocfi hpumononun II ynof sna-
nufonino oipanunona. II fo no fa qopma hcuxofopahuu, ino
ychox moxof wfi nocfuinyf sa onun coanc, u hcuxofopahonfy nooxo-
numo umofi nofkyk u honnyk kapfuny ncou hponomnou onacfu knu-
onfa u fou hocnononafoninocfu, n kofopou nonxnw usupaficn u ho-
popaafwnaficn uonu nosnoucfnun. H nakonou, II moxof uchoni-
sonaficn foniko xopomo oynonnwmu, knanuquuuponannwmu u nuuon-
suponannwmu hcuxofopahonfamu unu paofakmumu hon hocfonnnwm
nanknonuom unfopnamu, a fakxo c xopomo honiofonnonnwmu knuon-
famu, nanmumu cnoo coinacuo na ocnonanuu anoknafnou unqopmauuu.
i6J
5. CTAHH 8TOAR H TTbR:
HOOTO8KA H OHHH
HMTA 8O3HCT8HR
Ho umoof snanonun, kak wcfpo
unomi, inannoo no ocfanannunaficn.
Xonqyuuu
Iocno fmafoninoio usynonun ucfopuu knuonfa u cocfannonun hna-
na nononun hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo honiofonuficn k hopopaofko.
Ioniofonka knuonfa nknknaof n con ycfanonnonuo osohacnwx hcuxo-
fopahonfunockux ofnomonuu, honponoo oncnonuo cymnocfu hpouoc-
ca u oio qqokfon, a fakxo usynonuo oio yoxnonuu u hofonuuaninwx
mouuonaninwx hofponocfou. Ohponononuo hponmofa nosnoucfnun
nknknaof n con nwncnonuo komhononfon uononoio nochomunanun u
ocnonnwx fuhon poakuuu knuonfa na hpouocc.
nannou inano hponnaiaofcn nohonnufoninan unqopmauun o kom-
hononfax II-hcuxofopahuu, yxo ohucannwx n inano J, u honpono
paccmafpunaofcn, kak paofafi c fumu komhononfamu.
C1anu n1upau: uuru1unka
Cfanun honiofonku ycfanannunaof hcuxofopahonfunockuo pamku u
coofnofcfnykmuu ypononi oxunanuu knuonfa. Ioniofonka knuonfa k
ncfpono c nosmoxnwmu qopmamu ochokoucfna, unoina nosnukakmu-
mu no npomn II-hopopaofku, hpunuuhuanino naxna. Iopon na-
nanom cfanuu honiofonku hcuxofopahonf nonxon sanoxufi coofnofcfny-
kmyk ocnony (ohucannyk n inano 4) usynufi ucfopuk knuonfa,
ohpononufi, honxonuf nu on nnn II, paspaofafi cxomy nononun u
cqopmynuponafi hnan noucfnun, ynufwnan nco nosmoxnwo hponnnonun
ponfnwx ycfanonok, hpohnfcfnykmux nocfuxonuk hcuxofopahonfunoc-
koio qqokfa.
Iocno foio hcuxofopahonf onsan nwhonnufi omo nokofopwo qop-
maninocfu, hpoxno nom nanafi uchonisonafi nnuxonun inas (unu hpu-
monnfi npyiuo cfumynw) hpu nononuu fpanm. Kak yxo ohucwnanoci n
i64
inano i, usoiakmoo honononuo moxno cnufafi kak nacfik hafonoiuu,
fak u hpununou oo coxpanonun. Haiu, ohucannwo n cnonykmux pas-
nonax, homoiyf knuonfy nocfuni ckpwfoio fpanmafunockoio mafopua-
na, nyxnakmoiocn n hopopaofko, u ynyf ohpononnfi pamku hcuxofo-
pahonfunockoio nosnoucfnun, nooxonumoio nnn noconcuunusauuu u
sanopmonun hopopaofku.
Hopmupoounue ncuxomepuneomunecuou no1uuu
II nnnnofcn n nwcmou cfohonu unfopakfunnwm, cocponofonon-
nwm na knuonfo hpouoccom, fpoykmum ocoou iukocfu of hcuxofo-
pahonfa. Ha hpofnxonuu ncou hpouonypw hcuxofopahonf nonxon ononi
fonko u fonno nacfpaunaficn na nyxnw u chouuqunockuo xapakfopuc-
fuku kaxnoio knuonfa, a fakxo wfi iofonwm ckoppokfuponafi u us-
monufi nahpannonuo hpouocca hpu hopnou xo nooxonumocfu.
Ofnomonuo hcuxofopahonfa k knuonfy nonxno wfi ynaxufoninwm
u opuonfuponannwm na oio nyxnw nnn cosnanun nyncfna osohacnoc-
fu. 3anana cocfouf n fom, nfow sahycfufi y knuonfa hpouocc ca-
moucuononun. kwo nochouuqunockuo nunw homomu, nahpannonnwo
na nocfuxonuo fou uonu (nknknan chocow cosnanun hcuxofopahon-
funockou cnnsu, nooycnonnonnou honnopxku u ynaxonun), ynyf ycu-
nunafi qqokfunnocfi hcuxofopahuu. Kak u nkwo npyiuo qopmw hcu-
xofopahuu, II fpoyof omux knununockux ymonuu hcuxofopahonfa,
n fo xo npomn no ucnophwnanci umu u no samonnn ux.
Jcmunooaenue uonmuumu c uauenmom
Ipoxno ncoio nooxonumo ycfanonufi c knuonfom ohponononnwo
ofnomonun, nknknakmuo n con nofkoo hcuxofopahonfunockoo coina-
monuo, hpusnanuo omux uonou u honumanuo nooxonumocfu ofkpw-
focfu n omonuu. cnu hcuxofopahonf u knuonf no ycfanonunu nocfa-
fonno nonopufoninwo ofnomonun, foxnuka II hpumonnficn no
moxof. Knuonfw nonxnw nyncfnonafi, nfo no npomn hpouocca hopopa-
ofku onu ynyf naxonuficn n honnou osohacnocfu u n kononnom cnofo
cmoiyf konfponuponafi cufyauuk. Ofo nosmoxno foniko n afmocqopo
osohacnocfu u nonopun, ycfanonnonnwx no npomn hopnoio, nnonnoio
coanca. nn nocfuxonun fakoio yponnn pahhopfa hpu paofo c noko-
fopwmu knuonfamu moxof hofpoonaficn mnoio mocnuon; n npyiux xo
cnynanx nocfafonno onnoio unu nnyx coancon. no sanucumocfu of foio,
ckoniko npomonu hofpoyofcn nnn ycfanonnonun konfakfa c knuonfom,
os foio nonisn hwfaficn hpumonnfi II, fak kak n hpofunnom cny-
i65
nao knuonf moxof copnafi nononuo no npomn ofpoaiuponanun nuo of-
kasaficn of hpumononun II u honnocfik napymufi hcuxofopahon-
funockuu hpouocc.
Icuxofopahonf nonxon yonuficn n fom, nfo knuonf honumaof nax-
nocfi coinamonun o ofkpwfocfu hpu omonuu c hcuxofopahonfom kak
no npomn coancon, fak u n hpomoxyfkax moxny numu. cnu, nahpu-
mop, knuonf nonopno hpounqopmupyof hcuxofopahonfa, nfo oio ypo-
noni mouuonaninoio ochokoucfna cnusuncn (on moxof cnonafi fo,
cnufan, nfo fak nynmo, nfow nocfanufi ynononicfnuo hcuxofopahonfy
unu nfow wcfpoo sakonnufi hpouocc nononun), fo fo moxof hpuno-
cfu k honwmonuk fponoxnocfu, opokan hauuonfa na ofcyfcfnuo hon-
nopxku u ossamufnocfi. Iockoniky y mnoiux knuonfon ocfi xonanuo
cnonafi hpunfnoo hcuxofopahonfy, fo naxno nonocfu no ux honumanun,
nfo hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo honynafi fonnwo coomonun nno sanu-
cumocfu of xonanun knuonfa wcfpoo sanopmufi hpouocc hopopaofku.
Icuxofopahonf nonxon ckasafi nfo-nuyni hononoo cnonykmomy:
"8cc, 41u nav cncyc1 cna1t, - a1u runupn1t vnc upany
u cnunx ucpcxnnannux, 41uu u vur upnnnva1t upannntnuc
pcmcnnu. 8 H nc1 "upannntnux" nnn "ncupannntnux"
ucpcxnnann. Hpuc1u ana1c vnc 1u4ny upa1ny cnuit u
1uv, 41u upuncxun1. Kpuvc 1uru, nu uunnuc1t kun1punnpy-
c1c cn1yaun. cnn nav ncuxunvu yc1 uc1anunn1t upuuccc,
cuumn1c vnc u a1uv. Hpuc1u ckaxn1c vnc, 41u c navn upu-
ncxun1".
1u1sncnenue meopuu
Icuxofopahonf nonxon oncnufi knuonfy na nocfyhnom nswko
cmwcn II-fopahuu. nn onimuncfna knuonfon nhonno nocfafon-
no kpafkoio ohucanun, hononoio hpunonumomy nuxo: Koina nosnu-
kaof fpanma, ona okaswnaofcn sanokuponannou n nopnnou cucfomo.
nohonnonuo cnonyof coomufi, nfo fa sanokuponannan unqop-
mauun nacfo moxof nohpomonno nfopiaficn n cosnanuo u nwswnafi
nyncfna osnanoxnocfu, ochomomnocfu, cfpaxa u f.h.
Ownno knuonfw hpanunino poaiupykf na hononyk uncfpykuuk,
fak kak yhomnnyfwo nyncfna um xopomo snakomw. Hahpumop, knuon-
fw, uchonisyn cocfnonnwo chouuqunockuo nwpaxonun, nacfo iono-
pnf o fom, nfo ynnsnu unu okasanuci n nonymko. Koina hcuxofo-
pahonf hponnaiaof knuonfam hononoo oncnonuo, fo homoiaof um
hpoononofi nyncfno cfwna u nunw us-sa foio, nfo onu no moiyf chpa-
nuficn co cnoumu cumhfomamu. Ionnopkunan, nfo nco fu nyncfna nn-
nnkfcn numi qynkuuonaninwmu conmu n paofo nopnnou cucfomw u
i66
no cnnsanw c nunnocfik, hcuxofopahonf okaswnaof knuonfy noouonu-
myk honnopxky.
Cnonyof pacckasafi knuonfy, nfo nnuxonun inas homoiakf pasno-
kuponafi ckpwfyk unqopmauuk u hopopaofafi oo, nosmoxno, fo
ocymocfnnnofcn fakum xo opasom, kak u no npomn cfanuu wcfpoio
cna, koina hpoucxonnf wcfpwo chonfannwo nnuxonun inas. Hchoni-
sonanuo nnuxonuu inas n onpcfnykmom cocfonnuu hosnonnof oocho-
nufi mouuonaninyk paspnnky sanokuponannou unqopmauuu uono-
nahpannonnwm u konfponupyomwm opasom. ynmo ncoio uchonisonafi
oncnonuo, hononoo cnonykmomy:
"Hac1u, kura upuncxuu1 1c nnn nnuc 1panva1n4ccknc cu-
u1nu, unn kak u nuknpy1cu n ncpnnu cnc1cvc nvcc1c c
ucpnuna4antnu kap1nnu cuu1nu n cnuiannuvn c a1nv cu-
u1ncv inykavn, vucnuvn n 1.u. Xu1u ucpcxnnannu ianukn-
punanu, unn upuunxa1 nuicc1nuna1t na 4cnuncka upn
nuv nauuvnnannn. O1u nuiunac1 nckuvgup1 n uu4ac
nupaxcnnuc u1pnua1cntnuc avuunn {c1pax, ccuuvumnuc1t),
upn ku1upux vu yxc nc vuxcv kun1punnpuna1t ccu. Taknc
avuunn cnuianu c 1cvn iagnkcnpunanmnvncu ucpcxnnannuvn,
ku1upuc ak1nnnpy1cu cny4anuv c1nvynuv.
nnxcnnu rnai, ncuuntiycvuc upn H, painuknpy1
ncpnny cnc1cvy n uuinunu1 vuiry ucpcpaa1una1t 1panva-
1n4cckn uuu1. 8nnvu, nc41u uuunuc upuncxun1 nu npc-
vu c1ann "uc1puru cna", kura y nac nuinnka1 cnunnc-
nnu. nnxcnnu rnai cnuianu c ucpcpau1ku cccuina1cntnuru
va1cpnana. 8axnu uuvnn1t u 1uv, 41u a1u1 upuuccc upuncxu-
n1 y nac vuirc, uccuc4nnau cavuncucncnnc, n 41u nu cavn
vuxc1c cru kun1punnpuna1t".
Tecmupoounue 0ouenuu eau1
nn hcuxofopahonfa moxof wfi honosno hponopufi choconocfi
knuonfa nwhonnnfi nnuxonun inas hopon fom, kak ohpononufi fpanma-
funockuu mafopuan n kanocfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun. Hchonisyn nnu-
xonun haniuon coinacno ohucanuk, hpunononnomy n inano J, hcuxo-
fopahonf hponnaiaof knuonfy cnononafi inasamu sa oio nnuxonunmu u nafi
opafnyk cnnsi, nackoniko omy hpu fom komqopfno. Icuxofopahonf
kak w kchopumonfupyof, cfapanci ohpononufi nauonoo ynonoo pac-
cfonnuo moxny inasamu knuonfa u cnoumu haniuamu u honnfi, choco-
on nu knuonf nwhonnnfi nnuxonun inas n pasnwx nahpannonunx. Ha-
hpannonuo, n kofopom knuonfy noino ncoio nwhonnnfi nnuxonun inas,
nacfo okaswnaofcn nauonoo qqokfunnwm no npomn cfanuu hopopaofku.
i6?
Kpomo foio, cnonyof hohpoonafi pasnunnyk ckopocfi nnuxonuu inas
n kaxnom nahpannonuu. bonimuncfno knuonfon hponhonufakf wcf-
pwo nnuxonun. Icuxofopahonfam nooxonumo nwncnufi, no nosnuka-
kf nu fpynnocfu no npomn nwhonnonun nannwx yhpaxnonuu. cnu
knuonf coomaof o safpynnonunx, n fom nucno o iononnwx onnx, cnn-
sannwx c ohponononnwm nahpannonuom nnuxonuu inas, fo n naninou-
mom hpu hopopaofko foio nahpannonun cnonyof usoiafi. cnu knu-
onf no chocoon cnonufi sa nnuxonunmu haniua, fo hcuxofopahonfy
nooxonumo hokchopumonfuponafi c nnuxonunmu nnyx pyk u hocfyku-
nanuom ho pyko.
1ohopi camoo npomn nahomnufi knuonfy, nfo n cnynao nosnuknono-
nun xonanun ocfanonufi hpouocc, omy nooxonumo hpocfo honnnfi pyky
unu honopnyfi ionony. 1akan nosmoxnocfi hosnonnof knuonfy honwcufi
konfponi nan cufyauuou u nnnnofcn naxnwm nomonfom komqopfa u
osohacnocfu. cnu knuonf honacf oa cuinana, hcuxofopahonf non-
xon nomonnonno hpokpafufi hopopaofky, nwncnufi, n nom cyfi nos-
nukmux hponom, u houfu nancfpony hofponocfnm knuonfa, hpoxno
nom nosononnnfi hpouocc. Hinopuponanuo cuinana hpofunoponuf ca-
momy hcuxofopahonfunockomy honxony u moxof hpunocfu k honpwny
nsaumnoio nonopun.
Cfanun focfuponanun oochonunaof nosmoxnocfi ohpoonafi nnuxo-
nun inas, copuonfuponaficn n fpynnocfnx u ohpononufi fuh hponhonu-
faomwx cuinanon. Icuxofopahonf moxof nanafi knuonfy cnonykmuo
uncfpykuuu:
"ana1c upuc1u uuupuycv painn4nuc nnu nnxcnn rnai,
ku1upuc vu ycv ncuuntiuna1t. cnn unn uukaxy1cu nav nc-
yunuvn, uunnvn1c pyky, nu1 1ak {uukaiunac1) nnn uuncp-
nn1c rununy, 41uu a1t vnc inak. Huvnn1c, vnc ncuxunva
1u4nau upa1nau cnuit n u1numcnnn 1uru, 41u c navn upunc-
xun1.
Kura u uunnvy nncpx uancu {uukaiunac1), upuc1u cucpc-
u1u4t1c na ncv nirnu. Huxun1 nn nav 1akuc pacc1uunnc
u uantua? {Hunpac1 pacc1uunnc nu vakcnvantnuru kuv-
gup1a knncn1a). Xupumu, cc4ac upuc1u cncn1c rnaiavn ia
vunvn uantuavn".
Texnuuu "Le1onucnoe mecmo
H hpunony snoci onno yhpaxnonuo, kofopoo moxof wfi ocoonno
honosnwm nnn ychokoonun knuonfa u nnymonun omy ynoponnocfu n fom,
nfo on cmoxof nckopo opocfu mouuonaninyk cfauninocfi, coxpa-
i68
nnomyk hpu nkwx ochokoucfnax. Ofo yhpaxnonuo ocoonno honos-
no fom knuonfam, kofopwo no moiyf paccnauficn, fak kak nyncfnykf
hofponocfi coxpannfi nufoninocfi hofponocfi, kofopan moina
wfi nwsnana cokcyaninwm nacunuom unu nosnukna n posynifafo ynac-
fun n oonwx noucfnunx. nonannom uccnononanuu II (WIIson ot
aI., In pross) o hcuxofopahuu hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma cooma-
ofcn, nfo nannoo yhpaxnonuo ocoonno honosno nnn xopfn nacunun.
Onnako mw honaiaom, nfo ono hpuionno nnn nkwx hauuonfon u cny-
xuf ycfanonnonuk nananinwx honoxufoninwx accouuauuu, cnnsannwx
c nnuxonunmu inas.
ocimucfyhonnafoo yhpaxnonuo ho cosnanuk osohacnoio mocfa,
kpafko ohucannoo snoci, nnnnofcn napuanfom foxnuku yhpannnomou
nusyanusauuu, nknknonnwm n yxo yhomunanmykcn anfucfpocconyk
aynuosahuci Ocnoonuci of cfpocca (IottIng Go oI Stross, MIIIor,
i4). cnu y hcuxofopahonfa ocfi nosmoxnocfi hponnoxufi fy (unu
npyiyk hononyk) aynuosahuci no npomn hponnapufoninou ncfponu,
moxno pokomonnonafi knuonfy nwhonnnfi yhpaxnonuo oxonnonno ho-
pon nananom hopopaofku c homomik II. Ono moxof ynonunufi
qqokfunnocfi foxnuku camokonfponn.
Honi yhpaxnonun cosnafi n noopaxonuu knuonfa osohacnoo
mocfo hopon nananom hopopaofku. Ofof cnooio pona mouuonaninwu
oasuc ynof uchonisonaficn nnn npomonnoio ofnwxa no npomn hopopa-
ofku, nfo chococfnyof cnuxonuk ochokoucfna k konuy coanca, a
fakxo connananuk c fpanmafunockum mafopuanom n unfopnanax moxny
coancamu. Icuxofopahonfy cnonyof hosnonufi knuonfy hpu nooxonu-
mocfu nwufu sa hpononw ofnononnoio na fo npomonu nnn sanopmonun
unonfuqukauuu osohacnoio mocfa, a safom fmafonino ouonufi oio
poakuuk. Hokofopwo knuonfw hwfakfcn uchonisonafi opas, ownno
accouuupykmuucn c nyncfnom hokon, no na hpakfuko okaswnakmuu
na nux hpofunohonoxnoo noucfnuo, hockoniky on cnumkom focno cnnsan
c fpanmafunockum cowfuom. Hahpumop, knuonfka moxof hwfaficn
hponcfanufi hpokpacnoo mopckoo hoopoxio, uinopupyn nosmoxnocfi
accouuafunnoio nosnuknononun fponoxnocfu, cnnsannou co cnynaom
nahanonun na noo n nofcfno na opoiy okoana. Ononunno, nfo n fom
cnynao nonxno wfi naunono npyioo osohacnoo mocfo.
Ipunonom ohucanuo nocimucfyhonnafoio yhpaxnonun.
i. Upu:. Icuxofopahonf nmocfo c knuonfom unonfuquuupykf opas
osohacnoio mocfa, kofopwu knuonf moxof noiko nwswnafi, co-
snanan nyncfno hokon u osohacnocfu.
2. :+ouuu u omymenun. Icuxofopahonf hponnaiaof knuonfy cocponofo-
nuficn na opaso, honyncfnonafi nosnukakmuo hpu fom mouuu
i6
u unonfuquuuponafi nokanusauuk hpunfnwx qusunockux omymo-
nuu.
J. Jcu:enue. Icuxofopahonf uchonisyof ychokoufoninwu iuhnofunoc-
kuu fon ionoca nnn ycunonun noopaxaomwx opason u cosnanun
coofnofcfnykmoio aqqokfa. Ipu fom hcuxofopahonfy nooxonu-
mo hosaofuficn o fom, nfow hoponafi nyncfno osohacnocfu
knuonfy, kofopomy hponnaiaofcn coomafi oo ncox uchwfwnaomwx
nyncfnax.
4. ,ouenun e:u:. Ionoxufoninan ofnofnan poakuun n naninoumom mo-
xof wfi pacmupona c homomik uchonisonanun copuu nnuxonuu
inas. Icuxofopahonfy nooxonumo uchonisonafi fo nahpannonun u
ckopocfi nnuxonuu, kofopwo knuonf unonfuquuuponan kak nau-
onoo komqopfnwo, ionopn hpu fom: "Cuia1c n ccc upai vc-
c1a, ku1upuc nu umymac1c kak cuukunuc n ciuuacnuc. Cucpcu-
1u4t1cct na 1uv, rc nu 4ync1nyc1c n cnucv 1cnc upnu1nuc umymcnnu,
n uuinunt1c ccc nacnaxa1tcu nvn. Tcucpt cucpcu1u4t1cct na
a1nx upnu1nux umymcnnux n cncn1c rnaiavn ia vunvn uantua-
vn". konuo copuu nnuxonuu hcuxofopahonf chpamunaof knu-
onfa: "Kak nu ccu cc4ac 4ync1nyc1c?" cnu knuonf nyncfnyof con
nynmo, hcuxofopahonf moxof conopmufi of nofwpox no mocfu no-
honnufoninwx copuu nnuxonuu. cnu xo honoxufoninwo mouuu
knuonfa no ycununakfcn, hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo hohpoo-
nafi uchonisonafi anifopnafunnoo nahpannonuo nnuxonuu inas no
fox hop, hoka knuonf no coomuf o ynynmonuu.
5. X:uueoie c:oou. 3afom knuonfy hponnaiaofcn unonfuquuuponafi
ofnoninwo cnona, honxonnmuo k opasy osohacnoio mocfa (nahpu-
mop, ponakcauun, hnnx, iopw, noponin), honfopnfi ux
n ymo kak hpunfnwo omymonun. Ipu fom ofmonaofcn nyncfno mo-
uuonaninou osohacnocfu, a hcuxofopahonf ycununaof oio cnou-
mu ykasanunmu. 1akan hpouonypa honfopnofcn nofwpo-mocfi pas
nmocfo c nohonnufoninwmu nnuxonunmu inas.
6. .uunie uccouuuuuu. 3afom knuonfy hponnaiaofcn honfopnfi hpouony-
py camocfonfonino, nwswnan n coo opas osohacnoio mocfa c
ohopou na nunnwo accouuauuu (cnona u qusunockuo omymonun)
os nwhonnonun nnuxonuu inas. Koina knuonf ychomno honfopuf
fo yhpaxnonuo camocfonfonino, hcuxofopahonf ykaswnaof, kak
oio moxno uchonisonafi nnn ponakcauuu no npomn cfpocca.
?. Accouuuuuu, omnocnmuecn i ompuuume:ini+ uyocmou+. Hfow nw-
nonufi hponwnymuu hynkf, hcuxofopahonf hponnaiaof knuonfy nws-
nafi n coo nosnanufoninoo ochokoucfno unu pasnpaxonuo, of-
monan cohyfcfnykmuo ofpuuafoninwo nyncfna. 3afom on hpononuf
nnn knuonfa yhpaxnonuo no fox hop, hoka noiafunnwo nyncfna no
paccokfcn.
i?O
8. .uunie uccouuuuuu, con:unnie c uyocmoo+ ecnoioucmou. 3afom hcu-
xofopahonf hponnaiaof knuonfy cnona nwswnafi y con ochokon-
muo mwcnu u hpononxafi yhpaxnonuo, na fof pas yxo camocfo-
nfonino, hoka no ynof nocfuinyfo ponakcauuonnoo sanopmonuo.
Io sanopmonuu yhpaxnonun hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo hpouncf-
pykfuponafi knuonfa, nfow fof nwhonnnn oio noma kaxnwu noni,
nwswnan y con honoxufoninwo nyncfna u accouuupykmuocn c numu
cnona u opasw, uchonisyn hpu fom ponakcauuonnyk aynuosahuci unu
nwhonnnn npyiuo yhpaxnonun na paccnanonuo (nahpumop, fo, osop
kofopwx naofcn n inano ). 3afom knuonf uchonisyof foxnuky ownnou
ponakcauuu u cnuxonun cfpocca. saknknonuo hopon nananom kax-
noio coanca II hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo ckasafi knuonfy: "Hu-
vnn1c, a1u ciuuacnuc vcc1u nccra uc1yunu nav. Kura nu iaxu1n1c
ncpny1tcu n ncru, upuc1u ckaxn1c u a1uv". Icuxofopahonf nonxon npomn
of npomonu uchonisonafi nnuxonun inas nnn foio, nfow honkpohnnfi
opas osohacnoio mocfa. Iomumo hponoio fo ycununaof honoxufoni-
nwo accouuauuu c camum hpouoccom nnuxonuu inas.
Onucunue mo0eau
Hooxonumo nahomunafi knuonfy, nfo kak honoxufoninwo, fak u
ofpuuafoninwo nyncfna, cnnsannwo c nochomunanunmu us hpomnoio,
nakahnunakfcn u xpannfcn n oio nopnnou cucfomo. Cosnanan opas o-
sohacnoio mocfa, on uchwfwnaof hpunfnwo nyncfna; koina on opama-
ofcn k nochomunanunm hpomnoio, on ynof uchwfwnafi ochokonmuo
nyncfna.
Ionosno pasncnufi knuonfy, nfo mosi xpanuf hamnfi o fpanmafu-
nockom cowfuu, usonupyn fo nochomunanuo u fom camwm hpohnfcfnyn
ycfanonnonuk cnnsou c onoo honosnou anahfunnou unqopmauuou.
Koina nanunaofcn hopopaofka c homomik II, fu nsaumocnnsu
noccfanannunakfcn. Oncnnn, kak umonno nosnukaof npyiou ocho-
konmuu mafopuan us hpomnoio, hcuxofopahonf moxof cnonafi pucynok,
hokaswnakmuu cnnsi moxny cofnmu hamnfu, fo moiyf wfi quiypw,
hononwo hokasannwm na puc. ii. Ipu fom knuonfy naofcn hpumop-
no fakoo oncnonuo:
"6ccuukuumnc cuu1nu vury1 cuxpanu1tcu n vuirc n niu-
nnpunannuv nnc. O1u nc uuinunuc1 uy4a1tcu na ucnunc upu-
ncxuumcru. 8ucuuvnnannu upumnux cuu1n cuxpanu1cu n
uavu1n, ncununau cnuna n cnuna. 8 nnu 4ac1n vuira xpann1-
i?i
cu pyrau nngupvaunu, 1pcymau paipcmcnnu, 41u upcuu1-
c1nyc1 yc1anunncnn cnuin c upumnuvn cuu1nuvn. Kura c
uuvumt H vu na4nnacv ucpcpau1ky, nuinnkac1 cnuit
vcxy a1nvn nyvu u4aravn. Hunau nngupvaunu vuxc1 upu-
unnu1tcu n cuinannn, 41u n upnnun1 k paipcmcnn c1apux
upuncv".
Pnc. 11. Paapenennme ce1n napannoro a xauec1ae enn
1paama1nuecxoro aocnomnnannn n apan1nanoro aocnomnnannn
3afom hcuxofopahonf, uchonisyn usopaxonuo, hononoo puc. i2,
ofmonaof, kak nosnukaof cnnsi moxny nnymn cofnmu hamnfu.
Pnc. 12. Yc1anoanenne canan mexpy ce1nmn eneaoro
n apan1nanoro aocnomnnannn
Kpomo foio, knuonfam nooxonumo oncnnfi, nfo, koina ocho-
konmuu mafopuan nwcnooxnaofcn u nanunaofcn oio hopopaofka, sa-
hac ofpuuafoninwx mouuu hocfohonno ucfomaofcn. 1akoo oncnonuo
nacfo naof knuonfy nohonnufoninyk ynoponnocfi, homoiakmyk hpu
hopoxunanuu unfoncunnwx mouuu, nosnukakmux no npomn coanca.
Knuonfy nooxonumo oncnnfi, nfo nno sanucumocfu of foio, nackoni-
ko ochokonmumu moiyf okasaficn nosnukakmuo mouuu, nunoio
cfpamnoio no hpousounof. Haoopof, nooxonumo hosnonufi hpo-
nnuficn ncomy, nfo nchnwnaof n cosnanuu. Knuonf moxof ynunofi, nfo,
nmocfo foio nfow cfpanafi u ymupafi fwcnny pas kaxnwu noni,
moxno ocnoonuficn of ncoio foio c homomik hpouocca hopopaof-
Ueneaoe
aocnoun-
uaune
Apan:nauoe
aocnoun-
uaune
Ueneaoe
aocnoun-
uaune
Apan:nauoe
aocnoun-
uaune
i?2
ku. Knuonfy nooxonumo snafi, nfo nohpunfnwo omymonun, nosnu-
kakmuo unoina no npomn nononun, nnnnkfcn hpusnakom nwcnooxno-
nun fpanmafunockoio mafopuana.
3noci moxof wfi honosnou ananoiun c hoosnkou na mamuno nopos
ocnomonnwu fycknwm cnofom fynnoni. cnu nonufoni xonof wcfpo
munonafi fynnoni, on naxumaof noiou na honani iasa. cnu on yupa-
of noiy c honanu, fo mamuna samonnnof nnuxonuo u ynof oxafi ho
unopuuu. Ipu II nnuxonun inas (unu nkou npyiou cfumyn) moxno
cpannufi c honanik iasa. cnu copuu nnuxonuu inas hpononxafcn,
hopopaofka yckopnofcn, a nohpunfnwo omymonun unu mouuu moiyf
wfi hpoonononw nocfafonno wcfpo. cnu xo nnuxonun inas hpox-
nonpomonno hpokpamakfcn, nohpunfnwo omymonun ynyf uchwfwnaficn
onoo nnufoninoo npomn. Kononno, knuonfon nooxonumo sanopufi n
fom, nfo, ocnu onu saxofnf na npomn ocfanonuficn u hoponoxnyfi, um
nano hpocfo honafi cuinan hcuxofopahonfy.
Ohucanuo mononu hpouocca II nonxno nknknafi n con ychoko-
onuo knuonfa u sanoponuo, nfo, xofn nohpunfnwo omymonun u mo-
uuu u n camom nono nosnukakf no npomn II-hcuxofopahuu, onu
moiyf nwswnaficn hopopaofkou nochomunanuu u no hponcfannnkf
nukakou noucfnufoninou ohacnocfu. Icuxofopahonf nonxon oncnnfi
saofnunwm u ychokaunakmum fonom, nfow y knuonfa no ocfananoci
nukakux comnonuu. Hyncfna cfpaxa u cocfnonnou ynsnumocfu, hpo-
nnnnkmuocn no npomn hcuxofopahuu, unoina wnakf nocima unfoncun-
nwmu, u fu hopoxunanun no cnonyof hpuymonimafi unu hwfaficn
hponcfanufi kak fpunuaninwo u nosnanufoninwo. 1om no monoo hcu-
xofopahonfy nooxonumo honnopxunafi y knuonfon choconocfi hpofu-
nocfonfi fum hopoxunanunm, no hwfanci hpohnfcfnonafi um unu us-
oiafi ux. Hooxonumo hponyhponufi knuonfa, nfo usoianuo fakux
mouuu nohponykfunno. Icuxofopahonf moxof ckasafi cnonykmoo:
"Xu1u ncupnu1nuc upaiu, 4ync1na n avuunn cc1nn1cntnu
vury1 nuinnka1t upn nuuunncnnn nnxcnn rnai, nu vuxc1c
upnuc1anunn1t upuuccc n nu vuvcn1, kak 1untku iaxu1n-
1c, upuc1u uunun pyky, nu1 1ak ]uukaiunac1|. y4mc nccru
upuunxa1t nnxcnnu rnai kak vuxnu untmc, nu ccnn cuu-
1nu na4ny1 painnna1tcu cnnmkuv ypnu, vu nccra cvuxcv
uc1anunn1tcu n nu u1uxnc1c. cnn nu xu1n1c uc1pu upucxa1t
4cpci 1cvnu 1ynncnt, nu naxnvac1c nuru na ucant raia.
cnn nu ycpc1c nury, vamnna iavcnn1 nnxcnnc n yc1 ka-
1n1tcu uu nncpunn. Huunuv upaiuv upn upcuuncnnn nc-
upnu1nux avuun upuunxcnnc nnxcnn rnai uuvurac1 nav
yckupn1t upuuccc.
i?J
8uuunnuu nnxcnnu rnai, uuvnn1c u 1uv, 41u nu upuc1u
ucpcpaa1unac1c nucuuvnnannu u upumnux cuu1nux. Onn
vury1 kaia1tcu pcantnuvn, nu a1u nnmt nucuuvnnannu, xpa-
numnccu n ncpnnu cnc1cvc. H ccnn nu ncuu1unac1c c1pax,
a1u nuncc nc ina4n1, 41u n kuvna1c 1nrp. Hcuxunvu painu-
knpuna1t vuir n uuinunn1t upuunn1tcu ckpu1u nngupvaunn".
Hopmupoounue ou0unun
Knuonfa honosno sanopufi n fom, nfo nunfo u nukfo no ynof oka-
swnafi na noio nosnoucfnuo no npomn nononun u nfo nochomunanun y-
nyf hopopaafwnaficn c homomik oio cocfnonnou choconocfu k ca-
moucuononuk; on ynof konfponuponafi cufyauuk u cmoxof ofnoxnyfi
n nkoo npomn, hpocfo uchonisonan cuinan cfoh. Iockoniky oni-
muncfno xopfn fpanm nyncfnykf noanoknafnocfi u nochoconocfi kon-
fponuponafi cnok xusni, ux cfpaxu u noiafunnan camoouonka ckopoo
ncoio ycunnfcn n fom cnynao, ocnu hcuxofopahonf hpononxuf hpouocc
hocno foio, kak wn honan cuinan cfoh. Kakumu w nu wnu na-
moponun hcuxofopahonfa, fakou honpwn nonopun k nomy moxof nanoc-
fu npon posynifafam nononun n uonom. no sanucumocfu of yponnn ooc-
honunaomou honnopxku hcuxofopahonf no moxof snafi o fom, ckoni
cuninyk oni uchwfwnaof knuonf n fof unu unou momonf hpouocca
hcuxofopahuu. Iofomy hpunuuhuanino naxno, nfow knuonf umon
nosmoxnocfi hpuocfanonufi hpouocc ho hopnomy xo cnoomy xonanuk.
Iponnapufoninoo ohucanuo ncoio foio, nfo moxno oxunafi no npo-
mn nononun, ychokaunaof knuonfa. Ocoonno honosno saocfpufi nnu-
manuo na osohacnocfu u conmocfnom ynacfuu n hpouocco hcuxofopa-
honfa u knuonfa. Hacfo wnaof honosnwm sanopufi knuonfa, nfo, xofn
n hpouocco hcuxofopahuu y noio moiyf nosnukafi ypnwo mouuu u ho-
poxunanun, ux nooxonumo nochpunumafi kak nonfo, hpoxonnmoo mumo
noio, kak ynfo on onof n hoosno, a oio hopoxunanun fo hpocfo
cmonnkmuocn housaxu sa oknom. 1akoo oncnonuo homoiaof cosna-
nuk nyncfna osohacnocfu, hponoxpannkmoio of nosmoxnou onu, u
hponhonaiaof, nfo nno sanucumocfu of foio, nackoniko poaninwmu
kaxyfcn onosnonnwo hopoxunanun, na camom nono nukakou ohacnoc-
fu nof, fak kak knuonf no npomn hcuxofopahuu samumon (fak, kak ocnu
w on noucfnufonino naxonuncn n nnuxymomcn hoosno). Ionono pas-
nunnwm cuonam, nanknaomwm nopos okno hoosna, nco hpoucxonnmoo
no npomn II-hcuxofopahuu fak xo wcfpo hponocufcn mumo.
Honi hcuxofopahonfa nnymufi knuonfy, nfo on nonxon hpocfo
nanknafi hopoxunanun, no hpuhucwnan um kakoio-fo snanonun. Ho-
oxonumo nafi nosmoxnocfi hopoxunanunm pasnunaficn ocfocfnonnwm
i?4
hyfom, hosnonnn nyncfnam u mouunm foni nopos cosnanuo, no uchw-
fwnan hpu fom cfpaxa hopon nosmoxnou honfopnou fpanmafusauuou.
Knuonfy cnonyof oncnufi, nfo nooxonumo hpocfo hosnonufi hpo-
ucxonufi ncomy, nfo hpoucxonuf.
Icuxofopahonf nonxon ckasafi knuonfy, nfo, xofn omy hponnaiakf
nanafi hpouocc c konuonfpauuu na opaso, unoina moxof kasaficn, nfo
ynopxunafi fof opas nonosmoxno. Hnon cocfouf n fom, nfow hpocfo
nanafi cocponofonunaficn na uspannou uonu u hosnonufi hopopaofko
hpoucxonufi ho mopo nwhonnonun nnuxonuu inas. Icuxofopahonf non-
xon homnufi, nfo hpu fom moxof hponnuficn hpoonanakman cucfo-
ma yoxnonuu knuonfa. Hahpumop, knuonf, kofopwu ncoina paccmaf-
punan con kak noynannuka, moxof nanafi nonafi sannnonun fuha: H,
nonxno wfi, nonak nfo-fo no fak; mou inasa no moiyf nnuiaficn, H
no moiy ynopxafi kapfuny cowfun unu H nymak o nom-fo npyiom.
Knuonfa nooxonumo sanopufi, nfo on nco nonaof hpanunino.
Icuxofopahonf nonxon ckasafi knuonfy, nfo copuu nnuxonuu inas
nooxonumo hpononxafi omo nokofopoo npomn. 3afom oio hohpocnf nafi
opafnyk cnnsi, ohucwnan ncnkyk nonyk unqopmauuk, nosnukakmyk
no npomn nnuxonuu inas. Onnako hcuxofopahonfy cnonyof usoiafi ho-
ponoconun na knuonfa fpoonanuu, cnnsannwx c fom, kak umonno no-
oxonumo nwhonnnfi fu yhpaxnonun, a fakxo c posynifafamu nono-
nun unu konunocfnom npomonu, nooxonumoio nnn hopopaofku. Io
nosmoxnocfu knuonfa cnonyof hoponocfu n fakoo cocfonnuo cosnanun,
n kofopom on ynof cfpomuficn hosnonufi hpouoccy unfu cnoum hyfom,
a no hwfaficn nwswnafi kakuo-fo chouuqunockuo cowfun. cnu knu-
onf hwfaofcn honfankunafi xon cowfuu, fo hpouocc, ckopoo ncoio,
ocfanonufcn. osnpamanci k namou mofaqopo, moxno ckasafi, nfo mw
naom nosmoxnocfi hoosny nnuiaficn ho ponicam ocfocfnonnwm opasom.
H knuonf, u hcuxofopahonf nonxnw hwfaficn coxpannfi uspannwu
kypc n fou mopo, n kakou fo ynof nosmoxno. Icuxofopahonf moxof,
nahpumop, ckasafi knuonfy cnonykmoo:
"Kura vu ucpcpaa1unacv nngupvaun n ucpcnpacv nuc-
uuvnnannu u annnx cuu1nux, vury1 nuinnka1t cucnu upu-
ncmcc1nn, umymcnnu nnn avuunn, nu nama iaa4a cuc1un1 n
1uv, 41uu upuc1u u1vc4a1t nx, uuinunuu nv upuncxun1t.
Hpuc1u u1vc4a1t cucny, nc uu1auct ycpxa1t cc nnn upna1t
c kakuc-1u ucuuc ina4cnnc. cnn nuinnknc1 uu1pcnuc1t n
u1uxc, upuc1u uunnvn1c pyky.
Mu na4ncv pau1y c cucpcu1u4cnnu na ncxunuv upaic.
3a1cv u upcnuxy nav cncn1t rnaiavn ia nnxcnnuvn vunx
uantucn. Cuyc1u ncku1upuc npcvu vu uc1anunnvcu n ucynv
ncc, 41u upuunnnuct n xuc upuuccca. cnn nu nc vuxc1c yc-
i?5
1u4nnu ycpxnna1t kap1nny cuu1nu, nuuunnuu nnxcnnu
rnai, - uc1ant1c a1n uuuu1kn. Cc4ac, kura vu runupnv u
a1uv, nav cncyc1 cuuma1t vnc, 41u c navn upuncxun1. O1u
upa1nau cnuit. Hnura 41u-1u yc1 vcnu1tcu, nnura - nc1.
R vury iaana1t nuupucu. 8 a1uv upuucccc 1pynu upcyra-
a1t, 41u n kak yc1 upuncxun1t. Hua1uvy upuc1u paccka-
iuna1c vnc uu nccv, nc uu1auct a1u uucnnna1t, nnc ianncn-
vuc1n u1 1uru, yc1 nn nuumc upuncxun1t 41u-nnu nnn nc1.
Hyc1t ncc, 41u upuncxun1, upuc1u upuncxun1. c1t nn y nac
ku vnc cmc nuupucu?"
1u1oennunue oo1monmx onucenuu
cnkuu pas, nanan knuonfam uncfpykuuu, cnonyof wfi nnumafoni-
nwm k nonopaninwm cuinanam o ux xonanuu sanopmufi hpouocc u
ofnonafi na nco nosnukakmuo nohpocw. Ipu nooxonumocfu hpounnk-
cfpuponafi ohponononnwo momonfw, nyxno hpunocfu hpumopw konk-
pofnwx cnynaon. Hahpumop, nnn honcnonun foio, kak nochomunanun
o hpomnwx cowfunx okaswnakf nnunnuo na honconnonnyk xusni,
knuonfy moxno pacckasafi o xonmuno, uchwfwnanmou yxac kaxnwu
pas, koina oo moq inonno na noo cmofpon, fak kak n nofcfno oo ofou
honfu fak xo cmofpon na noo hopon fom, kak ynapufi.
axno, nfow knuonf xopomo honuman uncfpykuuu, fak kak hcu-
xofopahonf ynof uchonisonafi fo xo ananoiuu u n hpouocco hopopaof-
ku, oonpnn unu ychokaunan oio hpu nosnuknononuu ochokoucfna.
1akum opasom, noino hpocfo nahomnufi oochokoonnomy knuonfy,
nfow on nochpunuman hopoxunaomwu um mafopuan kak cuonw, hpo-
xonnmuo mumo noio, nom hwfaficn nhopnwo oncnnfi knuonfy mofa-
qopy n fof momonf, koina fof hoipyxon n cuninwo hopoxunanun, cnn-
sannwo co cnoum nochomunanuom. Iponnaiaomwo snoci opasuw
uncfpykuuu nnnnkfcn hpocfo hponnoxonunmu; nam nooxonumo hpucho-
canunafi pokomonnauuu u hpunonumwo nnn ux unnkcfpauuu hpumopw
k nyxnam kaxnoio ofnoninoio knuonfa.
Hooxonumo ofmofufi nco nohpocw, nosnukmuo y knuonfa, n fom
nucno oio comnonun, ohaconuo coufu c yma, cfpax no nwnopxafi hopo-
xunanuu, nosnukakmux n hpouocco nononun, unu nonosmoxnocfi chpa-
nuficn c numu. Icuxofopahonfy cnonyof sanopufi knuonfa, nfo, xofn
nco fu ohaconun nhonno ocfocfnonnw, hononwo hocnoncfnun nukoi-
na no nanknanuci hpu uchonisonanuu II. Hnoina y knuonfon nos-
nukaof xonanuo hoionopufi c kakum-nuyni npyium nononokom, hpo-
xonunmum II-hcuxofopahuk, hponocfi cfafik o fom unu xo
honynufi unyk qopmy honnopxku (cm. hpunoxonuo III, ino ohucanw
i?6
hcuxofopahonfunockuo nosmoxnocfu nnn foio), hopon fom kak hponon-
xafi nononuo. ,1,1-ncuxomepunuu ne:i:n npu+ennmi 0o mex nop, noiu
i:uenm ne y0em i neu eomoo.
cnu knuonf sannnnof, nfo on no iofon hpononxafi hpouocc hopo-
paofku nuo c kakum-fo ofnoninwm nochomunanuom, nuo noo-
mo, k fomy xonanuk nooxonumo ofnocuficn c ynaxonuom. cnu
hcuxofopahonf nacfaunaof unu naxo fpoyof hpononxufi nononuo
nahpumop, nonopufonino cooman knuonfy, nfo II nnnnofcn onun-
cfnonnwm nnn noio chocoom usnonuficn u nfo knuonf nonxon hpo-
nonxafi nononuo, fo nauonoo noponfon noiafunnwu posynifaf. Knu-
onf moxof ocfanaficn n cocfonnuu fponoxnocfu na hpofnxonuu ncoio
coanca, hpopwnafi hcuxofopahonfunockuu hpouocc na cfanuu ofpoaiu-
ponanun unu xo ofmoxonwnaficn of hpoucxonnmoio, hwfanci usoxafi
hponcfonmux uchwfanuu. cnu knuonf no coinacon na hponononuo
II u no paccmafpunaof fof hpouocc kak nonfo, fpoykmoo conmo-
cfnoio ynacfun u oio, u hcuxofopahonfa, fo nononuo hpononuficn no
nonxno.
Hnoina knuonf no xonaof cocponofonuficn na kakom-nuo nochomu-
nanuu us-sa nyncfna cfwna unu nunw. fom cnynao hcuxofopahonfy
nynmo sanopufi oio, nfo hockoniky hpouocc hopopaofku hpoucxonuf
na nnyfponnom hnano, fo nof nooxonumocfu pasinamafi honponocfu
nochomunanun, nocfafonno hpocfo coomufi o camom qakfo.
1akan honnopxka ocoonno honosna, ocnu knuonf nnnnofcn xopfnou
usnacunonanun, nyncfnyof con ynuxonnwm; unu xopfnou cokcyaninwx
nomoiafonicfn, kofopou yipoxanu u hponyhpoxnanu o fom, nfow on no
pacckaswnan o hpoucxonunmom, a fakxo hpu paofo c nofopanamu o-
onwx noucfnuu, kofopwx honfanunaof nyncfno cocfnonnou nunw. C
hononwmu nknimu hopopaofka moxof hpononuficn ychomno naxo n
fom cnynao, ocnu hcuxofopahonf no nnukaof n chouuqunockuo honpo-
nocfu ux nochomunanuu. Onnako nacfo wnaof fak, nfo, koina fpanma-
funockuu mafopuan nocfuiaof nocfafonnou cfohonu paspomonun, knu-
onf hpuopofaof nosmoxnocfi pacckasafi honponoo o fpanmafunockom
cowfuu. 1akuo ofkpononun no nonxnw oockypaxunafi, hockoniky nnn
nokofopwx knuonfon onimyk hcuxofopahonfunockyk uonnocfi hpon-
cfannnof honynonuo ofknuka unu nunom no oycnonnonnou honnopxku
of hcuxofopahonfa. Onnako nnn npyiux knuonfon nco fo no nnnnofcn no-
oxonumwm nnn nocfuxonun honoxufoninoio paspomonun u ux no nyxno
honfankunafi k packpwfuk honponocfou cnooio nochomunanun.
Choconocfi hopopaafwnafi fpanmafunockuo nochomunanun naxo n
fom cnynao, koina knuonf no n cocfonnuu hponocfanufi honnyk kapfu-
ny cowfun, moxof wfi nocima honosnou. Hokofopwo hcuxofopahon-
fw camu okaswnanuci fpanmuponannwmu npkocfik opason knuonfa
(McCann & IorIman, iO). Koina hcuxofopahonf honnopiaofcn fako-
i??
my nosnoucfnuk honponwx coomonuu o fpanmafunockux husonax,
honosno uchonisonafi nnuxonun inas nnn ymonimonun nosnukakmux
ncnoncfnuo foio ofpuuafoninwx qqokfon. Camoyhpannnomwo nnuxo-
nun inas hpofunohokasanw nnn nunnocfnou hcuxofopahuu, onnako moiyf
wfi nocima honosnwmu nnn wcfpoio cnuxonun nosnanufoninoio cfpoc-
ca. Ionponoo fo paccmafpunaofcn n inano .
C1anu 1pc1tu: uupccncnnc upcvc1a
Ha faho ohponononun hponmofa hcuxofopahonf nwncnnof komhonon-
fw uononoio nochomunanun u ohpononnof ocnonnwo fuhw poakuuu knu-
onfa na hpouocc.
Koina knuonf unonfuquuuponan nochomunanuo, kofopoo ynof hon-
nopiaficn nosnoucfnuk, hcuxofopahonf chpamunaof: "H1u upuncxun1,
kura nu yvac1c u 1panva1n4cckuv cuu1nn?" unu "H1u ncununac1 n
uavu1n, kura nu yvac1c u 1panva1n4cckuv cuu1nn?" Ioakuun knu-
onfa ynof nsnfa sa ocnony nnn ohponononun foio, kak on n nacfonmoo
npomn konupyof unqopmauuk. cnu fakuo xo nohpocw ynyf sananw
knuonfy n konuo nononun, ofnofw ynyf snanufonino ofnunaficn.
Knuonfy hponnaiakf pacckaswnafi nco, nfo on (ona) hoxonaof,
ofmonan cymocfnonnwo komhononfw nochomunanun. Onnako no cnony-
of nonafi yhop na nannom achokfo hcuxofopahonfunockoio coanca; kak
yxo ofmonanoci, nnn ychomnocfu II-hcuxofopahuu no fpoyofcn,
nfow hcuxofopahonf snan oo ncox honponocfnx fpanmafunockoio co-
wfun. Iomnufo, na knuonfa nonisn okaswnafi nannonun, nfow on
packpwnan onimo nofanou fpanmafunockoio cowfun, nom omy yno-
no. Hnoina hcuxofopahonfy cnonyof oncnufi, nfo, xofn hpu npyiux
qopmax hcuxofopahuu, c kofopwmu knuonf, nosmoxno, cfankunancn,
u fpoyofcn packpwfuo ncox nofanou, nnn II fo noonsafonino u
nfo n fom cnynao oniman nacfi hcuxofopahonfunockoio coanca hocnn-
maofcn no ocyxnonuk hpoucmonmoio, a nohocponcfnonnou hopopaof-
ko ochokonmou unqopmauuu. Yckoponnan hcuxofopahonfunockan ho-
popaofka unqopmauuu sahyckaofcn, koina nanunakfcn nnuxonun inas.
Ona hpoucxonuf c homomik nnyfponnou unqopmauuonno-hopopaafw-
nakmou cucfomw knuonfa, a no sa cnof nsaumonoucfnun c hcuxofopa-
honfom unu oio unfophpofauuu. Knuonf nonxon nyncfnonafi con n hpu-
cyfcfnuu hcuxofopahonfa komqopfno u n osohacnocfu, nfow umofi
nosmoxnocfi hopoxunafi unu nckpwnafi nco, nfo, ho oio mnonuk y-
nof naxnwm. cnu knuonf no ynof coomafi o hpoucxonnmom, fo hcu-
xofopahonf nonxon nafi omy honnfi, nfo n nannom cnynao nof nooxo-
numocfu n oio coomonunx.
i?8
Bmbop npe0cmuoaenun
Iocno ohucanun ncox ofnocnmuxcn k nony nofanou fpanmafunockoio
nochomunanun hcuxofopahonf nonxon hponnoxufi knuonfy ohpononufi
ofnoninwu opas, c kofopoio nannofcn nononuo. H naxo ocnu fof opas
no ynof nocfafonno npkum, on hosnonuf honynufi hopnonananinwu
nocfyh k cofu hamnfu, hponcfannnn ofnoninoo konkpofnoo cowfuo, a
no acfpakfnyk mwcni (nahpumop, omyk unok cokcyaninwx nomoia-
fonicfn unu oonwx noucfnuu no npomn nounw). Xofn knuonf nacfo no
moxof ynopxunafi opas hocno foio, kak nanafw nnuxonun inas, camo
uspanuo fakoio opasa oochonunaof hopnonananinyk cnnsi c unqop-
mauuou, xpannmoucn n nopnnou cucfomo.
nacfnocfu, hcuxofopahonf chpamunaof y knuonfa: "Kakau kap1n-
na uunnuc1t upcc1annuc1 cuu 1panva1n4cckuc cuu1nc?" cnu y knu-
onfa ocfi mnoio napuanfon ofnofa unu ocnu on nyncfnyof con cmymon-
nwm, hcuxofopahonf homoiaof cnonykmum nohpocom: "Kakau kap1nna
upcc1annuc1 nanuncc 1panva1n4ccky 4ac1t cuu1nu?". Koina fakan
kapfuna nonocfyhna, hcuxofopahonf hponnaiaof knuonfy hpocfo "yva1t
u cuu1nn".
Iomnufo, opas nnnnofcn numi onnum us nosmoxnwx hponnnonuu
ochokonmou unqopmauuu, cnnsannou c fpanmafunockum cowfuom u
xpannmoucn nucqynkuuonanino. Xofn opas nnanano moxof wfi nuc-
couuuponannwm, noncnwm, pasmwfwm unu moxof cfafi pacconnnwm u
nonocfyhnwm hocno hocnonykmou hopopaofku, n fom cnynao, ocnu
knuonf hpocfo ynof nymafi o fpanmafunockom cowfuu, fo nacf noc-
fyh k nomy u ynof cfumynuponafi uspannyk n kanocfno uonu fpanma-
funockyk unqopmauuk. Kpomo foio, nokofopwo knuonfw no nymakf
u no homnnf o cowfuu n opasnou qopmo. Ha cfanuu ohponononun
hponmofa nosnoucfnun nwncnnkfcn ocnonnwo hponnnonun fpanmafunoc-
koio cowfun (ynyf nu fo opasw, qusunockuo omymonun, mouuu
unu nfo-nuo omo). Kpomo foio, na nannou cfanuu ycfanannunaofcn
nocfyh k uspannou n kanocfno uonu unqopmauuu. cnu knuonfy hpon-
naiakf hpocfo nymafi o fpanmafunockom cowfuu, fo knuonf fakum
opasom cfumynupyof cnou cocfnonnwo cyokfunnwo cnnsu.
M0enmuquuuun ompuumeaonoeo
cumonpe0cmuoaenun
Cnonykmuu mai cocfouf n unonfuqukauuu ofpuuafoninoio camo-
hponcfannonun, f.o. noiafunnwx yfnopxnonuu, cnnsannwx c fpanmafu-
nockum cowfuom. Xofn cowfuo moino hpoucxonufi n nocima ofnanon-
i?
nom hpomnom, oio noccfanonnonuo n hamnfu ckopoo ncoio nwsonof nyn-
cfno nucqynkuuonaninocfu u nucfpocca, nfo ynof honhufwnafi noia-
funnwo camohponcfannonun knuonfa. Knuonfy hponnaiaofcn usonupo-
nafi cymocfnykmuo n nacfonmoo npomn camooipanununakmuo unu
camohpunuxakmuo yoxnonun o camom coo unu cnoom ynacfuu n fpan-
mafunockom cowfuu. Hnwmu cnonamu, koina hpoucxonuf cfumynu-
ponanuo xpannmoucn unqopmauuu, nosnukaof mnoio pasnunnwx mo-
uuu, okpamunakmux nwnomnoo nochpunfuo knuonfa, u fu mouuu
moiyf wfi nopanusuponanw n nuno ofpuuafoninwx hponcfannonuu.
Y knuonfa moiyf nosnukafi fpynnocfu n nwckaswnanuu cnoux ofpu-
uafoninwx hponcfannonuu. On moxof uchwfwnafi cfocnonuo, cmymo-
nuo, fponoxnocfi unu no honumafi, nfo osnanakf oio hponcfannonun.
fakom cnynao omy cnonyof oncnufi, nfo fu camooipanununakmuo
ouonku nnnnkfcn uppauuonaninwmu u nfo ux moxno cpannufi c hpo-
funoponuom moxny fom, nfo (kak :nuem fo knuonf) nnnnofcn ucfun-
nwm, u fom, nfo on uyocmoyem. Ocosnananuo fakou mouuonaninou
poakuuu nosnukaof nosanucumo of noiuku u nacfo nooxonumo nnn cnu-
xonun samomafonicfna knuonfa, nfow fof moi nwckasafi cnou ofpu-
uafoninwo camohponcfannonun. Hnoina moiyf homoni fakuo cnona hcu-
xofopahonfa: "O1vc1t1c 1u, 41u nu yvac1c u ccc n cavuc xymnc
vrnuncnnu, axc ccnn nu inac1c, 41u a1u nc cuu1nc1c1nyc1 cc1nn1cnt-
nuc1n". Onnako nnn onimuncfna knuonfon nooxonumo hpocfo honu-
manuo unou uppauuonaninwx ofpuuafoninwx yoxnonuu.
1ak, hcuxofopahonf moxof chpocufi y knuonfa: "Kaknc cnuna ny4-
mc nccru cuu1nc1c1ny1 kap1nnc, nupaxamc namn u1pnua1cntnuc ca-
vuupcc1anncnnu u cavuv ccc, nnn namcru ucpcxnnannu?"
Koina knuonf no moxof ohpononufi ofpuuafoninoo camoyfnopxnonuo,
hcuxofopahonf nonxon hponnoxufi omy hopononi noiafunnwx hponcfan-
nonuu, fakux kak: H no nocfoun ynaxonun / occunon / no chocoon na
nkoni, Mno nyxno wno w cnonafi nfo-fo, H yny hokunyf unu
H nukoina no cmoiy nocfuni ychoxa. nn hcuxofopahonfa naxno uc-
honisonafi kak nopaninwo, fak u nonopaninwo namoku, nakmuo knu-
onfy nosmoxnocfi usupafi unu ofpacwnafi fu yfnopxnonun. Icuxo-
fopahonf moxof fakxo cocfanufi hopononi ofpuuafoninwx hponcfannonuu
(fo ocyxnaofcn n inano J u hpunoxonuu I) u hponnoxufi oio knuonfy
nnn nwopa nosmoxnoio napuanfa. cnu fu honxonw no ynyf ychom-
nwmu, hcuxofopahonf hocno hponnoxonun knuonfy ynopxunafi n cosna-
nuu fpanmafunockoo nochomunanuo moxof chpocufi: "Kaknc y nac cc1t
vucnn u cavuv ccc?". 3afom hcuxofopahonf moxof homoni omy cqopmy-
nuponafi coofnofcfnykmoo ofpuuafoninoo hponcfannonuo.
cnu hponnnnkmuocn mwcnu, mouuu unu cufyauuu nwswnakf cuni-
noo samomafonicfno unu cnumkom cnoxnw, nooxonumo hpononxafi
hcuxofopahonfunockuu hpouocc os ofpuuafoninoio camohponcfannonun.
Onnako ocnu ynof nosmoxnocfi, xofn w onno us fakux camohpon-
i8O
cfannonuu nonxno wfi ohpononono. Hocmofpn na fo, nfo cama cfanun
ohponononun hponmofa nmocfo c nwncnonuom ofpuuafoninoio camohpon-
cfannonun nochpunumakfcn knuonfom kak nonfo uppauuonaninoo, ona
moxof cymocfnonno homoni hcuxofopahonfunockomy hpouoccy. Kpomo
foio, fonnoo ohponononuo coofnofcfnykmoio ofpuuafoninoio camohpon-
cfannonun nochpunumaofcn kak nonfo, hosnonnkmoo honynufi onoo
honnwu nocfyh k fomy cnok nucqynkuuonaninoio mafopuana nnn hoc-
nonykmou oio hopopaofku.
Icuxofopahonfy nooxonumo yonuficn n fom, nfo ofpuuafoninoo
camohponcfannonuo nnnnofcn camoofnomonuom, nwpaxonnwm n nacfo-
nmom npomonu, u hponcfannnof coou yoxnonuo knuonfa, a no hpo-
cfo ohucanuo fokymux ocfonfonicfn. Hahpumop, nwpaxonuo H oc-
cunon xopomuu hpumop ofpuuafoninoio camohponcfannonun.
Yfnopxnonuo H no konfponupyk con no cfoni ynannwu hpumop,
fak kak fo ohucanuo. Icuxofopahonf nonxon oncnufi knuonfy, nfo
hockoniky hpouocc II no moxof usmonufi nunoio, nfo nnnnofcn qak-
funocku nopnwm, fo fa foxnuka no ynof qqokfunnou hpu hpumono-
nuu oo k yfnopxnonunm fuha H occunon, hponcfannnkmum coou
nopnoo ohucanuo hpomnwx ocfonfonicfn, kofopwo yxo no moiyf wfi
usmononw.
Kpomo nwckaswnanuu knuonfa, cqopmynuponannwx n nacfonmom
npomonu, hcuxofopahonf nonxon cfapaficn usoiafi nwckaswnanuu,
hpocfo nwpaxakmux mouuu. Hahpumop, xofn yfnopxnonuo fuha H
nahyian hpanunino ohucwnaof mouuu, uchwfwnaomwo n nacfonmoo
npomn, ono no moxof wfi uchonisonano nnn II. Icuxofopahonfu-
nockan uoni cocfouf n unonfuqukauuu hponcfannonuu, nnnnkmuxcn
cnooio pona knonofou na camoio con, fak xo kak u camooipanununak-
mux yfnopxnonuu, no nnnnkmuxcn nopnwmu n nacfonmoo npomn. Ion-
xonnmum ofpuuafoninwm camohponcfannonuom n nannom cnynao moxof
wfi yfnopxnonuo H occunon unu H naxoxyci n ohacnocfu (ocnu
hopnunnou hponomou knuonfa nnnnofcn cfpax). cymnocfu, fo up-
pauuonaninoo hponcfannonuo, fak kak camo fpanmafunockoo cowfuo
hpousomno yxo nocfafonno nanno.
cnu xo cymocfnyof noucfnufoninan hpununa nnn cfpaxa n nacfon-
moo npomn nahpumop, ocnu hpocfyhnuk hpononxaof nwcnoxunafi
xopfny usnacunonanun, fo II no cmoxof usmonufi unqopmauuk,
nopanusuponannyk n qopmo coofnofcfnykmoio yfnopxnonun, hockoni-
ky fa unqopmauun no nnnnofcn nucqynkuuonaninou. H xofn coomo-
nun hcuxofopahonfon ykaswnakf na fo, nfo II no ycfpannof nuka-
kux snoponwx poakuuu (nahpumop, c nousoxnocfik nosnukakmux kak
hoyxnonuo nnocfu koppokfunw n cnou noucfnun), n hononom cnynao
nonxna wfi naunona anifopnafunnan uoni. Ipu cymocfnonanuu nou-
cfnufoninou ohacnocfu hcuxofopahonf u knuonf nonxnw ucxonufi n
cnoou paofo us cymocfnykmux n poaninou xusnu nosmoxnocfou u
i8i
hwfaficn cnusufi nposmopnwu cfpax hyfom qokycuponanun na ofpuua-
foninom camohponcfannonuu fuha H occunon. 1akou nposmopnwu
cfpax nonxon wfi cnuxon, fak kak on moxof hapanusonafi knuonfa u
hpohnfcfnonafi nwhonnonuk nooxonumwx noucfnuu. onnom us cny-
naon hocno hopopaofku nposmopnoio cfpaxa, cnnsannoio c opasom
myxnunw, usnacunonanmoio knuonfky, fa pomuna hopooxafi n npyiou
iopon, hockoniky no moina honynufi nanoxnyk samufy co cfoponw
honuuuu. Iosnnoo ona honnna, nackoniko hpanuninwm wno fo po-
monuo nacuninuk wn apocfonan foniko hocno foio, kak yun cnok
cnonykmyk xopfny.
Icuxofopahonf no nonxon coinamaficn c hponcfannonunmu, kofo-
pwo hpocfo cnonocno nwpaxakf fof unu unou nonaiohpunfnwu nofc-
kuu ohwf. Iomnufo, nfo fonnoo ohucanuo fpanmafunockoio cowfun
nno sanucumocfu of oio hpuponw no ynof usmonnficn hpu II. Yf-
nopxnonun fuha Ofou no nkun monn, Y monn nof nukakux man-
con unu Ofo nochpanonnuno nonxnw wfi hpoopasonanw n coofnof-
cfnykmuo ofpuuafoninwo hponcfannonun hyfom sanananun knuonfy
nanonnmux nohpocon, nahpumop: "Kaknc 4ync1na n u1numcnnn ccu ncc
a1u nuiunac1 y nac?" 1oina honnufcn coofnofcfnykmoo ofpuuafoninoo
hponcfannonuo, hpunumakmoo qopmy camoonunonun, nahpumop: Co
mnou nfo-fo no fak unu H no chocona na nkoni. nn foio nfow
ofpuuafoninoo hponcfannonuo wno onoo qqokfunnwm, ono nonxno
wfi nwpaxono cocfnonnwmu cnonamu knuonfa u cohponoxnaficn cnn-
sannwmu c fum snanumwmu mouunmu. axo ocnu hcuxofopahonf cho-
coon nwpasufi fo hponcfannonuo usnmnoo, on nonxon hosnonufi knu-
onfy uchonisonafi cocfnonnwo cnona, nuskuo omy u nwswnakmuo
nyncfna, konipynfnwo fomy yfnopxnonuk.
1ak xo kak u n cnynao c honoxufoninwm camohponcfannonuom, of-
puuafoninwo camohponcfannonun ynyf ckopoo omumu yfnopxnonun-
mu n ofnomonuu camoio knuonfa, no cnnsannwmu c kakumu-nuo hon-
ponocfnmu fpanmafunockux cowfuu. Hahpumop, knuonf ynof
chocoon hopopaofafi onimo mafopuana, ofnocnmoiocn k nofckomy
ohwfy, hpu uchonisonanuu omoio ofpuuafoninoio hponcfannonun fuha
H ncoina hpouipwnak, a no onoo chouuqunockoio H ncoina hpoui-
pwnak hpu uipo n oucon.
1o10unue noaoumeaonoeo cumonpe0cmuoaenun
Koina ofpuuafoninwo camohponcfannonun unonfuquuuponanw, non-
xno wfi cosnano honoxufoninoo camohponcfannonuo. Ono nnnnofcn
nopanusauuou xonaomoio cocfonnun (yoxnonun, nnnnkmoiocn cym-
i82
nocfik honoxufoninwx mouuu), nuamofpanino hpofunohonoxnoio of-
puuafoninomy hponcfannonuk. 1akan camoouonka, nakman nosmox-
nocfi paspomonun, nknknaof n con ohponononnwo nunnocfnwo hponn-
nonun, fak xo kak u n cnynao ofpuuafoninoio hponcfannonun. Camo-
ouonka nonxna wfi nwckasana n hosufunnwx nwpaxonunx, ykaswna-
kmux na fo, kak umonno knuonf hponhonufaof nymafi o coo n nacfon-
moo npomn, koina fpanmafunockoo cowfuo yxo hpousomno. Hahpumop,
hcuxofopahonf moxof chpocufi: "Kak u nav xu1cnuct u1nucn1tcu k
1panva1n4cckuvy cuu1n nnn k cavuvy ccc?" cnu ofnof ynof ho-
sufunnwm, fo honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo ynof nknknafi n con yho-
munaomyk knuonfom onacfi konfponn, u, fakum opasom, choconocfi
knuonfa ycununafi u unkophopuponafi nonoo nnn noio nyncfno cocfnon-
noio nocfouncfna, nonan fom camwm qqokfunnwu nwop, kaxnwu us
kofopwx moxno cnufafi hponnnonuom qqokfa II-hcuxofopahuu.
Ionoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo nonaof nosmoxnou ionopanusauuk
hosufunnou camoouonku ho ncou noupocofu, nfo c homomik hpunuu-
ha accouuauuu ynof okaswnafi nnunnuo no foniko na nochpunfuo knu-
onfom hpomnwx cowfuu, no u na oio ouonky nacfonmoio u oxunanun
n ofnomonuu ynymoio. Ionoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo nonxno wfi
nauonoo hosufunnwm yfnopxnonuom, kofopoo knuonf moxof hponcfa-
nufi coo, naxo ocnu n fo fpynno honopufi n nacfonmoo npomn. nn
nocfuxonun omo onoo nwcokou camoouonku naxno, nfow no noomo
no uchonisonanoci n honoxufoninwx hponcfannonunx. Hahpumop, nw-
paxonun H no yny hpouipwnafi unu H no yny nokomhofonfnwm
no hponnaiakf knuonfy honoxufoninyk camoouonky u no chococfny-
kf opasonanuk hpnmou cnnsu c xpannmoucn n mosio coofnofcfnykmou
honoxufoninou unqopmauuou n fakou cfohonu, kak fo nonakf nwpa-
xonun H moiy hpoychofi unu H komhofonfon. fox cnynanx, koi-
na fo nosmoxno, honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo nonxno nknknafi n
con nonyk camoouonky, cnnsannyk c honoxufoninwm napuanfom y-
nymoio.
Hcknknonun us foio hpanuna moiyf wfi cnonanw numi foina, koina
hopohonnnkmoo nyncfno cfpaxa, cnnsannoio c fpanmafunockum cow-
fuom, nnnnofcn hopnunnwm hponnnonuom nucqynkuuu. fom cnynao
coofnofcfnykmoo honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo moxof hpocfo qukcu-
ponafi unuunonf ucknknufonino n hpomnom, naxo ocnu hocfonnnoo
nyncfno cfpaxa u nannsnunwo nochomunanun nnnnkfcn nauonoo ocho-
konmumu achokfamu cowfun. Ionosnwm moxof wfi cnonykmoo xa-
pakfopnoo honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo: co fo hpoononono; counac
n n osohacnocfu. Kpomo foio, kak yxo paccmafpunanoci n inano J, c
nyncfnom nunw y hpocfyhnuka moxno paofafi, uchonisyn yfnopxno-
nun fuha H cnonan nynmoo us foio, nfo moi, H mnoiomy naynuncn
i8J
us cnynunmoiocn u Counac y monn ocfi nosmoxnocfi cnonafi npyiou
nwop.
axno, nfow hcuxofopahonf ohpononun cfohoni coofnofcfnun ho-
noxufoninwx hponcfannonuu knuonfa. Icuxofopahonf nonxon yonufi-
cn, nfo honoxufoninan camoouonka umoof cuny nnn knuonfa, nnnnnci
yoxnonuom, ofnocnmumcn k uspannomy n kanocfno uonu nochomuna-
nuk. Yfnopxnonun, n kofopwx xonaomoo nwnaofcn sa noucfnufoninoo,
nahpumop: H moiy nonopnfi kaxnomy unu Ofo nukoina no hpousou-
nof, nnnnkmuocn hohwfkamu hopohucafi cocfnonnyk ucfopuk, y-
nyf honpwnafi qqokfunnocfi hcuxofopahuu. kwo hohwfku uchoni-
sonafi nohonnunnwo hponcfannonun ynyf hpuocfanannunafi hopopaof-
ky. Ipu II no hpoucxonuf unkophopuponanuo n cucfomy yoxno-
nuu knuonfa ncoio, nfo nnnnofcn noymocfnwm unu nonoucfnufoninwm.
Io fou hpununo hcuxofopahonfw nonxnw ofnocuficn c ohaconuom k
nkwmu honoxufoninwm hponcfannonunm, uchonisykmum fakuo cno-
na, kak ncoina u nukoina. Hahpumop, yfnopxnonun fuha H nco-
ina yny nocfuiafi ychoxa u H nukoina no yny hpouipwnafi moxno
cnufafi noymocfnwmu.
Icuxofopahonf moxof cnufafi ohfumaninwmu foniko fo honoxufoni-
nwo hponcfannonun, kofopwo ofnopinyfw knuonfom kak cnumkom no-
poanucfunnwo n oio nwnomnom hcuxonoiunockom cocfonnuu. Ipu fom
hcuxofopahonf nonxon wfi nocfafonno consufunnwm nnn foio, nfow
hpunnfi yfnopxnonun, kaxymuocn hpanuninwmu nnn knuonfa u onoo
ncoio homoiakmuo omy hponnunyficn n honoxufoninom hcuxofopahon-
funockom nahpannonuu. Onna us knuonfok, xopfna cokcyaninoio no-
moiafonicfna co cfoponw ofua, xofona uchonisonafi yfnopxnonuo H
poonok, honnopianmuucn snoyhofpononunm n kanocfno honoxufoni-
noio hponcfannonun, fak kak fo nochpunumanoci ok kak nonfo nua-
mofpanino hpofunohonoxnoo ofpuuafoninomy hponcfannonuk H mnk-
xa. Xofn hopnoo yfnopxnonuo nocuf nnno ohucafoninwu xapakfop u no
hpumonumo k nacfonmomy npomonu, ono nnnnofcn hopnwm maiom k oc-
nooxnonuk knuonfku of nyncfna nunw sa fo, nfo ona wna xopfnou
cokcyaninwx nomoiafonicfn. Iononwm xo opasom knuonfka moina na-
nafi c hpunnfun honoxufoninoio hponcfannonun H moiy naynuficn
nonopnfi coo, hpoxno nom hpunnfi yfnopxnonuo H moiy nonopnfi
cnoou ouonko. Iomnufo, nfo, koina II-hcuxofopahun nanafa,
honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo moxof nuo camo nosnukafi y knuonfa,
nuo wfi nnymonnwm omy hcuxofopahonfom n sanucumocfu of iofon-
nocfu knuonfa. Onnako nnn knuonfa hpunuuhuanino naxno nyncfno-
nafi, nfo on konfponupyof cufyauuk; nannswnanuo ofpuuafoninwx unu
honoxufoninwx hponcfannonuu nno sanucumocfu of foio, nackoniko onu
kpacuno snynaf, ckopoo ncoio hpunocof foniko npon.
i84
Oenuounue coomoemcmoun npe0cmuoaenuu
Koina y knuonfa cqopmuponano honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo, ypo-
noni oio ouonku ho Hkano coofnofcfnun hponcfannonuu nnnnofcn ocno-
nou nnn ohponononun foio, nackoniko ono poanucfunno (u no nnnnofcn
nu posynifafom hpunnfun xonaomoio sa noucfnufoninoo). Icuxofopahonf
chpamunaof knuonfa: "Kura nu nucupuninun1c cc4ac kap1nny cuu1nu
n uun1upuc1c cnuna ]ucnxu1cpaucn1 upnnun1 nuckaiunannc, u1upaxa-
mcc uunuxn1cntnuc upcc1anncnnc|, nackuntku n a1u kap1nnc nu cu-
u1nc1c1nyc1c ncantnuvy upcc1anncnn u ccc, uu namcvy umymcnn,
n annax u1 1 u 7, rc 1- nn na ckuntku, a 7- nuunnc?"
Hnoina nooxonumw naninoumuo oncnonun: "Huvnn1c, nnura vu
inacv nc41u yvuv, nu "ny1puv" 4ync1nycv cuncpmcnnu nna4c. 8 a1uv
cny4ac, kak nu vuxc1c "ny1puv" uucnn1t cnuna ]ucnxu1cpaucn1 upuni-
nucn1 nuckaiunannc, u1paxamcc upuunxn1cntnuc upcc1anncnnc| u1
1 {uunnuc1t nc cuu1nc1c1nyc1) u 7 {uunnuc1t cuu1nc1c1nyc1)?"
cnu knuonf coomaof, nfo xonaomoo hponcfannonuo nonisn ouonufi
nwmo, nom n i ann, fo hcuxofopahonf nonxon hopocmofpofi nwckasan-
noo um yfnopxnonuo nof nu n nom usnnon na yponno noiuku; kakona
oio hpumonumocfi k poaninou cufyauuu u konoiunockan nanunnocfi
(f.o. nackoniko fo yfnopxnonuo noucfnufonino u coofnofcfnyof nwnom-
nou okpyxakmou ocfanonko knuonfa). Xofn nokofopwo knuonfw II
ynyf nhonno ychomno ycnaunafi honoxufoninwo hponcfannonun, hop-
nonananino ouononnwo n i unu 2 anna, fakan nuskan ouonka nacfo
nnnnofcn hpusnakom nnnoio nocoofnofcfnun.
Kak yxo ocyxnanoci panoo, co cfanuou ohponononun hponmofa cnn-
sanw mnoiuo honoxufoninwo hcuxofopahonfunockuo qqokfw, nosnu-
kakmuo n fo npomn. Onnako ocnu na nannou cfanuu y knuonfa nanu-
naofcn hpouocc ofpoaiuponanun, hcuxofopahonfy no nyxno qopcuponafi
ohponononuo hponmofa nosnoucfnun, a cnonyof nanunafi hopopaofky.
Iofomy on nonxon nafi knuonfy coofnofcfnykmuo ykasanun, foopo-
funockuo oncnonun u mofaqopw omo no foio, kak nannofcn cfanun
ohponononun hponmofa. Moxno oxunafi, nfo ho mopo pasnufun nan-
nou cfanuu y knuonfa ynof hpoucxonufi nco oniman cfumynnuun.
Komhononfw hpouonypw II (u fa uoni, nnn kofopou onu uchoni-
sykfcn) chouuanino hpuchocononw nnn foio, nfow oochonunafi
nocfyh k nucqynkuuonaninou unqopmauuu. Koina fo cnonano, ypo-
noni nucfpocca y knuonfa nospacfaof u hcuxofopahonf nonxon wfi io-
fon nanafi hopopaofky, nfow homoni onoinufi oio fponoxnocfi.
Iofomy, xofn nuckomqopf moxof nosnukafi naxo hpu unonfuquka-
uuu hponcfannonun, hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo ocosnanafi, nfo sa-
nana usmoponun yponnn mouuu u qusunockux omymonuu cocfouf n fom,
i85
nfow nocfafonno xopomo cfumynuponafi uspannwu n kanocfno uonu
mafopuan. Iocno sanopmonun fakou akfunauuu u hocnonnoio nahomu-
nanun knuonfy o xapakfopo hpouonypw II u nosmoxnwx oxunanu-
nx, cpasy xo nonxnw wfi nanafw copuu nnuxonuu inas.
Huumenoounue smouu
nn foio nfow okonnafonino ohpononufi ocnonnwo mopw u cfumy-
nuponafi nucqynkuuonaninwu mafopuan, knuonfy hponnaiakf nwsnafi
opas cowfun u ynopxunafi oio n ymo nmocfo c ofpuuafoninwm hpon-
cfannonuom. nacfnocfu, hcuxofopahonf ionopuf knuonfy: "Kura nu
cucpcu1u4nnac1cct na kap1nnc n uun1upuc1c cnuna ]ucnxu1cpaucn1 upu-
ninucn1 nupaxcnnc, cuu1nc1c1nymcc u1pnua1cntnuvy upcc1anncnn|,
kaknc avuunn y nac nuinnka1?"
Iononoo cnononuo noonuno opasa u ofpuuafoninoio hponcfanno-
nun ynof cfumynuponafi nucqynkuuonaninwu mafopuan, hpunom c
onimou unfoncunnocfik, nom fo moinu w nonafi opas u ofpuua-
foninoo hponcfannonuo ho ofnoninocfu. Knuonfy hponnaiakf nasnafi
nosnukakmuo hpu fom chouuqunockuo mouuu, nfo ynof hponofnpa-
mafi hyfanuuy n fom cnynao, ocnu n naninoumom honanoufcn ohucw-
nafi hopoxunanun hpu hopopaofko unqopmauuu c hopnonananinwm
uchonisonanuom Hkanw cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna (f.o. hpo-
cfo cooman konunocfno annon ho mkano hocno kaxnou copuu nnuxo-
nuu inas). 1akan poakuun moxof hpunocfu hcuxofopahonfa k nwnony,
nfo nunoio no usmonnofcn, xofn n noucfnufoninocfu mouuu ynyf us-
monnficn of nyncfna nunw no inona u cfpananun. Icuxofopahonfy fak-
xo nooxonumo homnufi, nfo ouonunanuo ho Hkano cyokfunnwx
onunuu ochokoucfna moxof ononi wcfpo nospacfafi hpu hponnnonuu
nonwx mouuu.
Onpe0eaenue cybseumuonmx e0unu becnououcmou
Iocno foio kak knuonf nasnan uchwfwnaomwo um mouuu, nonxna
wfi nwhonnona ouonka ho Hkano Cb. Icuxofopahonf nonxon chpo-
cufi: "Kak u nu uucnnnn cnun 4ync1na, u1 0 {nc1pantnuc cuc1uunnc
uukuu) u 10 {nanxymcc ni 1uru, 41u nu vuxc1c upcc1ann1t)?"
cnu knuonf uchwfwnaof nocfafonno mnoio pasnunnwx mouuu, fo
ouonunanuo ho Hkano Cb hpousnonufcn foniko nnn omoio yponnn
ochokoucfna, a no nnn kaxnou ofnoninou mouuu. Ohponononuo ypon-
nn ochokoucfna cosnaof ocnony honumanun hpoucxonnmoio no foniko
i86
nnn hcuxofopahonfa, no u nnn knuonfa. axo ocnu fpanmafunockoo noc-
homunanuo knuonfa na hpofnxonuu onnoio coanca no hopopaofano hon-
nocfik, ypononi cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna ownno honuxa-
ofcn. Ofo cosnaof y knuonfa nyncfno nocfuxonun, nfo nnnnofcn onnou
us uonou ncnkoio hcuxofopahonfunockoio coanca.
M0enmuquuuun oyenuu o meae
3afom hcuxofopahonf chpamunaof: "c n 1cnc nu ncuu1unac1c 1c nnn
nnuc umymcnnu?" Knununockuu ohwf hpumononun II hokaswnaof,
nfo poakuun fona na fpanmy nacfo nnnnofcn naxnwm achokfom nononun.
Cam nannwu nohpoc hponhonaiaof, nfo cymocfnyof qusunockuu poso-
nanc c nucqynkuuonaninwm mafopuanom. Xofn knuonfy hponnaiakf oh-
pononufi, ino umonno nokanusupyofcn fonocnoo omymonuo, nof noo-
xonumocfu hponnaiafi omy honpono ohucwnafi omymonun, fak kak fo
ynof foniko fopmosufi hpouonypy sa cnof nknknonun n noo no ofnocn-
muxcn k nony honponocfou.
Knuonfa, kofopomy fpynno ohpononufi nokanusauuk fonocnwx omy-
monuu, nooxonumo chouuanino hpouncfpykfuponafi. Onno us honos-
nwx nnn knuonfa hocnoncfnuu hononoio uncfpykfaxa cocfouf n fom,
nfo fakan honiofonka naof omy nohonnufoninyk ynoponnocfi nnn nop-
anusauuu, hpucymou onimuncfny qopm fpanuuuonnou hcuxofopahuu.
1akum opasom, cocponofononuo na fonocnwx omymonunx, cfumynu-
pyomwx no npomn hpononxakmuxcn copuu nnuxonuu inas, ocnooxna-
of knuonfa of nooxonumocfu cocponofonunaficn na onosnonnwx nnn
noio mwcnnx unu fniocfnwx cuonax.
Ohponononuo nokanusauuu fonocnwx omymonuu no npomn hocnono-
nafoninwx copuu nnuxonuu inas nacfo wnaof nooxonumwm nnn ouo-
nunanun qqokfunnocfu hpouocca II, nfo saknanwnaof ocnony nnn
cnonykmou cfanuu hpouonypw. Onnako hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo
ocosnanafi, nfo mnoiuo knuonfw moiyf nyxnaficn n chouuaninom oy-
nonuu nnn honwmonun ocosnanun cnoux omymonuu, hockoniky onu
hpunwknu hcuxonoiunocku ofnonnfi con of cnooio fona nuo n po-
synifafo hpononxakmuxcn ochokonmux cocfonnuu, nuo ncnoncfnuo
yoxnonun, nfo ux hofponocfu nco panno no ynyf ynonnofnoponw.
Icuxofopahonfw moiyf homoiafi nokofopwm knuonfam nokanusonafi
fonocnwo omymonun, opamanci k ux ouonkam ho Hkano cyokfun-
nwx onunuu ochokoucfna: "8u runupnnn, 41u uucnnnac1c cnuc cuc1uu-
nnc n 8 annun uu Ukanc C6. c nvcnnu n cnucv 1cnc nu u uuvcc-
1nnn unac1t, n ku1upu naxuu1cu a1n 8 annun?" cnu knuonf
ho-hpoxnomy okaswnaofcn nochoconwm nafi ofnof, hcuxofopahonfy no-
i8?
oxonumo mniko hponnoxufi nohonnufoninyk homomi, nahpumop nfow
knuonf cnononan fakum hpocfwm u nonannsnunwm uncfpykuunm:
"3akpu1c rnaia n u1vc1t1c, kaknc umymcnnu nu ncuu1u-
nac1c n cnucv 1cnc. Cc4ac u yy upcnara1t nav yva1t u
ncku1upux ncmax, a nu u1vc4a1c, kaknc nivcncnnu yy1
upuncxun1t n namcv 1cnc. H1ak, cucpcu1u4t1cct na umymc-
nnux n 1cnc. Tcucpt yva1c u 1panva1n4cckuv nucuuvnnannn
{nnn nuiuna1c cru kap1nny). acckaxn1c, 41u nivcnnnuct n
namnx umymcnnu. A cc4ac uant1c k a1uvy cncymnc cnu-
na ]ucnxu1cpaucn1 upuninucn1 nupaxcnnc, cuu1nc1c1nymcc
u1pnua1cntnuvy upcc1anncnn|. H1u nivcnnnuct cc4ac?"
bonimuncfno knuonfon choconw ofmonafi nosnuknononuo nahpn-
xonnocfu n mwmuax, yckoponuo hynica unu xo ynamonnocfi nwxanun.
no sanucumocfu of foio, nonuku nu fu usmononun, onu nonxnw wfi
uspanw n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun. Kpomo foio, fo nacfo ynonu-
nunaof cfohoni ocosnananun knuonfom npyiux omymonuu.
Icuxofopahonf nonxon wfi ononi nnumafoninwm k nkwm hponn-
nonunm poakuuu knuonfon, hwfakmuxcn ofkasaficn of ocosnananun
cnooio fona hpu hponnnonuu qusunockux omymonuu. Hahpumop, koi-
na knuonf ionopuf: H nyncfnyk ouohononuo, H nyncfnyk con sa-
xafwm unu H nyncfnyk con pasnononnwm na nacfu, fo ykaswnaof
na chouuqunockuu naop omymonuu, kofopwo moiyf hpunumaficn sa
ocooo mouuonaninoo conopxanuo, nkow ykaswnakmoo na ofcyfcfnuo
omymonuu. nn honynonun fakou nopanusauuu hcuxofopahonf nonxon
hponnoxufi knuonfy nokanusuponafi omymonun (Ino nw nyncfnyofo
sanokuponannocfi) u safom cocponofonunaficn na fou onacfu.
Hokofopwo knuonfw nochoconw unonfuquuuponafi nokanusauuk
omymonuu n fono, naxo nocmofpn na hponnapufoninyk honiofonky, u
n fom cnynao hcuxofopahonf nonxon usmonufi uncfpykuuu, hponnaian
cocponofonuficn na npyiux komhononfax uonu. Onnako onnou us hcu-
xofopahonfunockux uonou ynof opofonuo knuonfom nosmoxnocfu oni-
moio nocfyha k qusunockum omymonunm n fono u mouunm. Hacfo nan-
nou uonu noino nocfuni no npomn hopopaofku unu hocno hpoonononun
nauonoo cfpamnwx nochomunanuu.
8axnuc1t kuvuuncn1un upuucypu
nn foio nfow nanafi hpouocc II, knuonf nonxon wfi n noc-
fafonnou cfohonu honiofonnon, a hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo umofi
nocfafonnoo konunocfno unqopmauuu. Cnonykmuo nofwpo cfanuu nono-
i88
nun (noconcuunusauun, uncfannnuun, ckanuponanuo fona u sanopmo-
nuo) ynyf ohucanw n inano 6. Onnako hpoxno nom hpononxafi, na-
homnum, nfo hcuxofopahonf nonxon ynonnfi nnumanuo ncom komhonon-
fam hpouonyp II, fak kak kaxnwu us nux nnnnofcn hcuxofopahon-
funocku qqokfunnwm. nn foio ocfi pnn hpunun, n fom nucno cno-
nykmuo.
i. Hchonisonanuo ofpuuafoninwx u honoxufoninwx hponcfannonuu
nnnnofcn nooxonumwm nomonfom nnn foio, nfow nauonoo qqok-
funno cqopmynuponafi cymnocfi cnynan. Kpomo foio, unonfuqukauun
u nopanusauun ofpuuafoninoio hponcfannonun nakf knuonfy nosmox-
nocfi ynunofi uppauuonaninocfi oio nwnomnux yoxnonuu, n fo npo-
mn kak honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo hponnaiaof anifopnafuny, nwhon-
nnkmyk poni cnofa n konuo fynnonn. Ofof qakfop moxof nnoxnonnnfi
knuonfa, hpuoonpnfi oio, u camo coinacuo hpononxafi nononuo nos-
nukaof us nopw, nfo anifopnafuna noucfnufonino nosmoxna.
2. Hchonisonanuo Hkanw cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna u
Hkanw coofnofcfnun hponcfannonuu naof knuonfy nosmoxnocfi nwpa-
sufi nannwo o cnoom cocfonnuu n konunocfnonnou qopmo, naxo ocnu
coanc wn nosanopmonnwm. Hyncfno nocfuxonun posynifafa, nosnu-
kakmoo y knuonfa, fak xo kak u nyncfno oncnumocfu hpoucxonnmo-
io, nosnukakmoo y hcuxofopahonfa, nakf nosmoxnocfi hpousnonufi
naninoumyk ouonky nonwx nokon u nonwx uonou nnn hopopaofku.
J. Hchonisonanuo qusunockux omymonuu n kanocfno fonku qoky-
cuponku no npomn hopopaofku hosnonnof knuonfam, kofopwm momaof
ofpuuafoninoo conopxanuo ux mwcnou, ckonuonfpuponaficn na qakfo-
po, no nocymom n coo nukakoio ofpuuafoninoio nunnocfnoio conop-
xanun. bonoo foio, fo naof nosmoxnocfi knuonfam, cknonnwm ynn-
safi n nposmopnom camoananuso, cocponofonuficn na qakfopo,
ofmonnkmom ux hofponocfu u cosnakmom yqop n ofnomonuu ofpu-
uafoninwx aqqokfon.
4. Hnonfuqukauun komhononfon fpanmw (opas, hponcfannonuo u
f.h.), hocnonykmoo hpunnononuo ux n cosnanuo u safom ocnooxnonuo
of fpanmafunockou opasnocfu, uchonisonanuo mofaqop u cuinanon
pykou nco fo hponnasnanono nnn yoxnonun knuonfa n fom, nfo on
(ona) kak nunnocfi hponcfannnof coou nonfo onimoo, nom foniko
hafonoiuk, u moxof nhonno qqokfunno ocfanaficn n ponu nankna-
fonn foio, nfo panoo hopohonnnno u fniofuno oio. annwu hpouocc
hponocfannnof hauuonfy onimyk nosmoxnocfi nnn opofonun nyncfna
honumanun, nocfuxonun ychoxa u konfponn, nfo u nnnnofcn cymnocf-
nwm posynifafom nkoio ychomnoio hcuxofopahonfunockoio nosnou-
cfnun. Kpomo foio, hocnonykmoo nosnoucfnuo, hpousnonumoo foina,
i8
koina knuonf coxpannof nyncfno konfponn, chococfnyof hpouoccy pa-
soycnonnunanun.
5. nuxonun inas camu ho coo hpunonnf k ononunnomy paspomo-
nuk noiafunnoio aqqokfa, cosnanaomoio uononwm nochomunanuom, u
n fo xo npomn hponcfannnkf coou sananuo nnn knuonfa, kofopoo on
moxof ychomno nwhonnufi u n posynifafo opocfu nyncfno cocfnon-
nou qqokfunnocfu. axo ocnu hocnonykmuo uccnononanun koina-
nuyni hokaxyf, nfo u npyiuo cfumynw nnnnkfcn cfoni xo qqokfun-
nwmu, kak nnuxonun inas, conmomonuo nnuxonun pyku hcuxofopahonfa
u inas knuonfa moxof cosnanafi nyncfno conmocfnou paofw, u fo naof
knuonfy honnopxky n hopuonw nauonimou fponoxnocfu. Kpomo foio,
uchonisonanuo nnuxonuu inas naof hcuxofopahonfy xopomyk nosmox-
nocfi konfponuponafi, n kakou cfohonu knuonf ynonnof nnumanuo nw-
honnonuk sananun, nfo nocima honosno hpu nononuu cunino fpanmu-
ponannwx unnununon, kofopwo n unom cnynao moiyf ofcfpannficn of
fpanmafunockoio mafopuana u hpocfo cmofpofi n hpocfpancfno. nu-
mafoninoo cnoxonuo hcuxofopahonfa sa xonom hpouocca u ycfanonnonuo
y knuonfa nnounou qokycuponku nnumanun moxof hpunonufi k cpan-
nufoninou noikocfu hpoxoxnonun hpouocca II n ofnunuo of unfon-
cunnoio ofpoaiuponanun, nwswnaomoio iuhnofunockum hyfom. Ipono-
nonnwo knununockuo cpannonun nnyx cocfonnuu ykaswnakf na fo, nfo
hpouocc II iopasno monoo fpanmafunon nnn knuonfa, nom foxnuka
hoipyxonun, u hofomy II noino nwhonnnfi kak knuonfy, kak u
hcuxofopahonfy (II pIo, i2, i4, hpunoxonuo IV).
Hpak1nka uu nancnncv
Hncfpykfopw, oynakmuo II, moiyf hoxonafi, nfow yhpax-
nonun nwhonnnnuci hon ux nanknonuom, nknknan cfanuu honiofon-
ku u ohponononun hponmofa. Ocooo nnumanuo nonxno wfi ynonono
uchonisonanuk nnuxonuu inas, yhpaxnonuk ho cosnanuk osohacno-
io mocfa u qopmuponanuk ofpuuafoninoio u honoxufoninoio hponcfan-
nonun. Opasou konfponinoio nanka hpunonufcn n hpunoxonuu I.
H1urn n nunuu
fopan u fpofin cfanuu II-hcuxofopahuu nnnnkfcn nposnwnau-
no naxnwmu nacfnmu nannou foxnuku. Ioniofonka k nononuk c ho-
momik II nknknaof n con ycfanonnonuo pahhopfa u anoknafnwx
nsaumnwx onsafonicfn knuonfa u hcuxofopahonfa, nfo naof knuonfam
nyncfno osohacnocfu u qopmupyof y nux choconocfi fonno coomafi
hcuxofopahonfy oo ncom, nfo onu uchwfwnakf hpu nanano hopopaof-
ku. Ha cfanuu honiofonku knuonfy cnonyof pacckasafi o nosmoxnwx q-
qokfax nononun. Iocno oncnonun knuonfam foopuu II u ohpono-
nonun ux oxunanuu hcuxofopahonfw nonxnw fmafonino ohpononufi nco
unfopocw knuonfa. Yhpaxnonuo ho cosnanuk osohacnoio mocfa nnnn-
ofcn naxnwm nomonfom cfanuu honiofonku, chococfnykmou ychoxy
hpouocca.
Ha fpofiou cfanuu hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo oochonufi ohpono-
nonuo fokymoio cocfonnun knuonfa (opas, hponcfannonun, comafunoc-
kuo poakuuu, usmoponuo yponnn ho Hkano cyokfunnwx onunuu oc-
hokoucfna u Hkano coofnofcfnun hponcfannonuu), hpoxno nom nanafi
yckoponnyk hopopaofky. Chouuqunockuo uncfpykuuu, hpumonnomwo
na fou cfanuu nnn hponononun ocnonnwx usmoponuu u oochononun
nocfyha k uspannomy n kanocfno uonu fpanmafunockomy mafopuany,
hponnasnanonnomy k hocnonykmou hopopaofko, fo foniko nosmox-
nwo napuanfw. Icuxofopahonfy nooxonumo honumafi nco achokfw
II-hcuxofopahuu, nnn foio nfow oio uncfpykuuu u mofaqopw wnu
noucfnufonino qqokfunnwmu.
Ioniofonka knuonfa nnnnofcn hpunuuhuanino naxnou nacfik
II, fak kak n fo npomn ycfanannunakfcn hcuxofopahonfunockuo
ycnonun, chococfnykmuo nosnuknononuk y knuonfa nyncfna osohac-
nocfu, chococfnykmoio nosnoucfnuk na fpanmafunockoo nochomuna-
nuo nmocfo oio usoianun, kofopoo moxof foniko coxpannfi u ycunu-
nafi hocnoncfnun hopnonananinou fpanmw.
Cfanun ohponononun hponmofa nknknaof n con hpuopofonuo noc-
fyha k fpanmafunockomy nochomunanuk, nfo cfumynupyof unqopma-
uuk, ofnoxunmykcn n hamnfu no npomn fpanmw. Icuxofopahonfw non-
xnw ocosnanafi, nfo na fou cfanuu nucfpocc y knuonfa moxof
ycununaficn. Cfumynuponanuo u nananinan hopopaofka nanunaofcn omo
hopon fom, kak hpoucxonuf nosnoucfnuo na fpanmafunockuu mafopuan
c homomik nnuxonuu inas.
Kononnan uoni hcuxofopahuu cocfouf n fom, nfow ycununafi y
knuonfa nyncfno camoynaxonun u camoqqokfunnocfu. nn nocfuxo-
nun fou uonu hcuxofopahonf ycununaof nannwo nyncfna knuonfa na
kaxnou cfanuu nononun. Knuonf nonxon honyncfnonafi opofonuo cunw
u choconocfu konfponuponafi xon hcuxofopahonfunockoio coanca.
II fo uonfpuponannwu na knuonfo honxon, n kofopom hcuxofo-
pahonf cfumynupyof y knuonfa camoucuonnkmuu hpouocc.
ii
b. CTAHH
C HT8TOH HO CbMYK:
CHCH6HH3AUHR,
HHCTARUHR, CKAHHO8AHH
TA H 3A8UHH
Camoo inannoo n fom mupo no cfoniko fo,
ino mw naxonumcn, ckoniko fo, kyna unom.
U:uoep J:n0e:: Xo:+c
nannou inano ocyxnakfcn cfanuu noconcuunusauuu, uncfannn-
uuu, ckanuponanun fona u sanopmonun II-hcuxofopahuu. Iopnwo
fpu cfanuu cnnsanw c yckoponnou hopopaofkou uspannoio n kanocfno
uonu fpanmafunockoio nochomunanun, a cfanun sanopmonun ohucwna-
of hpouonypw u unqopmauuk, kofopwo ynyf uchonisonanw nnn ocyx-
nonun, hpononumoio c knuonfom n konuo coanca II. nn kaxnou
cfanuu mw hponnaiaom osop foopofunockoio mafopuana (nfo honkpoh-
nnofcn coofnofcfnykmou unqopmauuou, hpunononnou n inano J) u hcu-
xofopahonfunockux uonou, a fakxo hpunonum opasuw uncfpykuuu,
kofopwo hcuxofopahonf nonxon nanafi knuonfam.
annan inana hponnaiaof nokofopwo omuo pykononcfna nnn qqok-
funnou hopopaofku. Icuxofopahonfunockuo cfpafoiuu nnn honfopno-
io cfumynuponanun sanokuponannou cucfomw hopopaofku ynyf ohu-
canw n cnonykmou inano, a hponnunyfwo cfumynupykmuo mofonw nnn
knuonfon c onoo nwcokum yponnom ochokoucfna n inano iO. Mafo-
puan, hpunononnwu n fou inano, nonxon wfi hponnapufonino hpo-
nopon no npomn hpakfunockoio coanca, hpu kofopom hcuxofopahuu hon-
nopiaofcn knuonf c nuskum yponnom ochokoucfna, u foniko hocno foio
n kanocfno uonu moxof usupaficn onoo cnoxnwu mafopuan.
Yckupcnnau ucpcpau1ka nucuuvnnann
Iocno foio kak hcuxofopahonf fmafonino honiofonun knuonfa u
ohpononun nck ocnonnyk unqopmauuk, kacakmykcn uonu nosnou-
cfnun, nanunaofcn cfanun yckoponnou hopopaofku. Koina hocnonnuu
i2
fah (nokanusauun fonocnwx omymonuu) cfanuu ohponononun hponmo-
fa sanopmon, hcuxofopahonf nonxon ohucafi knuonfy moxanusm pao-
fw II, honnopknyn, nfo nukakan unqopmauun no nonxna ofpacw-
naficn. Iocnonnuu momonf ocoonno naxon nnn knuonfon, paofak-
mux nan unonfuqukauuou fpanmw, honynonnou no nspocnom nospacfo.
o npomn hpouocca y nux unoina nchnwnakf nofckuo nochomunanun,
no onu moiyf hocnufafi, nfo fu nochomunanun no umokf ofnomonun
k hponomo, u uinopuponafi ux. noucfnufoninocfu xo pannuo noc-
homunanun nacfo okaswnakfcn ocnonnou hpununou nwcokoio yponnn
nucfpocca u hofomy cfanonnfcn fom ookfom, na kofopom ynof cqo-
kycuponana cnonykman copun nnuxonuu inas. Ipunuuhuanino naxno
nahomnufi knuonfy, nfow fof ofmonan nco, nfo ynof nosnukafi no
npomn hopopaofku, u makcumanino fonno cooman o fom hcuxofo-
pahonfy. Iockoniky hocno foio, kak na nananinou cfanuu knuonfy
oncnnnaci cymnocfi hcuxofopahuu, yxo hpomno nokofopoo npomn,
fakuo nohonnufoninwo nahomunanun nonafi nooxonumo. Icuxofopa-
honf nonxon wfi nnumafoninwm k nkwm hpusnakam samomafonicfna
unu konoanun, hponnnnkmumcn y knuonfa. Hahomunanun c oio cfo-
ponw moiyf wfi hpumopno fakumu:
"Huvnn1c, 41u upuuccc ncucncnnu ucymcc1nnuc1cu namnv
vuiruv n nu cavn nccra kun1punnpyc1c upuncxuumcc. R upc-
nuxy nav vucncnnu cucpcu1u4n1tcu na ucnn n cncn1t rna-
iavn ia vunvn uantuavn. Hyc1t upuncxun1 ncc, 41u upunc-
xun1, a n kunuc ccpnn nnxcnn rnai vu uurunupnv u a1uv.
acckaiuna1c vnc uu nccv, 41u yc1 upuncxun1t, nn4cru
nc u1pacunau, kak vanuina4nvuc. au nunau nngupvaunu,
ncununamau n cuinannn, 1ak nnn nna4c cnuiana c uc1antnu.
cnn iaxu1n1c uc1anunn1t upuuccc, upuc1u uunnvn1c pyky".
3afom hcuxofopahonf hponnaiaof knuonfy ynopxunafi n ymo opas
nmocfo c ofpuuafoninwm hponcfannonuom, ocosnanan omymonun, nos-
nukakmuo hpu fom n fono. Hahpumop, hcuxofopahonf moxof ckasafi:
"8cuuvnn1c kap1nny cuu1nu n cnuna ]ucnxu1cpaucn1 uun1upuc1 nupa-
xcnnc, cuu1nc1c1nymcc u1pnua1cntnuvy upcc1anncnn| n u1vc1t1c, rc
nvcnnu n 1cnc nu ncuu1unac1c a1n 4ync1na. A cc4ac cncn1c rnaiavn ia
vunvn uantuavn". Ionopn mofaqopunocku, fo moxno cpannufi c na-
hpannonuom fpox nasopnwx nynou na nucqynkuuonanino xpannmuucn ma-
fopuan. Onnonpomonnoo ynopxunanuo n ymo ncox fpox nomonfon own-
no ohpononnof ypononi poakuuu knuonfa. Ofo nonaofcn ucknknufonino
nnn foio, nfow ycfanonufi hopnonananinyk cnnsi c nucqynkuuonani-
iJ
nwm nochomunanuom. Iocno foio, kak nanafw nnuxonun inas, ynyf
nosnukafi nonwo mwcnu, opasw u nyncfna. Hahpumop, hocno hopnou
copuu nnuxonuu inas ofpuuafoninoo hponcfannonuo ownno yxo no uc-
honisyofcn hpu hopopaofko (ucknknonun us foio hpanuna ocyxnakfcn
n inano ?). Iononwm xo opasom knuonf no nonxon hwfaficn ynopxu-
nafi opas, c kofopoio wn nanaf hpouocc. Ofof opas wn hpocfo hop-
nonananinou fonkou qokycuponku nnn nxoxnonun n cofi hamnfu.
Cpasy xo, hocno foio kak nocfuinyf fpanmafunockuu mafopuan,
hcuxofopahonf nanunaof copuu nnuxonuu inas. Iopnan copun ownno
nonxna cocfonfi us 24 nnuxonuu, nwhonnnomwx iopusonfanino (kak
hokasanu knununockuo nanknonun, copun us fakoio konunocfna nnu-
xonuu cosnaof nwpaxonnwu qqokf hopopaofku y onimou nacfu knu-
onfon). Iopnonananinan copun nnuxonuu inas cnyxuf nnn ohponononun
foio, nnnnofcn nu iopusonfaninoo nahpannonuo nnuxonun qqokfun-
nwm nnn knuonfa. Icuxofopahonf nonxon n mnikou qopmo homoiafi
ycununm knuonfa, ionopn nackonwm ionocom Xopomo no npomn nw-
honnonun copuu nnuxonuu inas. Ofo nacfo honnopxunaof knuonfon, no
ynoponnwx n fom, nfo onu nwhonnnkf nnuxonun hpanunino.
konuo copuu nnuxonuu inas hcuxofopahonf ionopuf: "O1uxa1c
J uyc1t ncc nc1, kak nc1 J iayt1c u a1uv J ccna1c nux n nuux".
Koina knuonfy ionopnf saynifo o fom, fo fpanmafunockuu mafo-
puan kak w ckpwnaofcn sanocou. Knuonfam no nyxno sakpwnafi ina-
sa, fak kak fo moxof hpunocfu k ofcfpanonnocfu of hpoucxonnmoio u
cocfonnuk, hononomy fpancy. 1akou hopuon hopoqokycuponku cny-
xuf nnn foio, nfow hpopnafi hponwnymoo unfoncunnoo cocponofono-
nuo, hosnonufi knuonfy ofnoxnyfi, hopoopuonfuponaficn u honiofo-
nuficn k nopanusauuu nonoio unqopmauuonnoio hnafo. Choconocfi
ofcfpanuficn na npomn of ncoio ochokonmoio os cnon ynuf knuonfa
fomy, nfo on hponcfannnof coou nonfo onimoo, nom foniko oio ha-
fonoiun, u nfo on moxof konfponuponafi cocfnonnwo hopoxunanun.
Hsmononuo xapakfopa nnuxonuu inas u uncfpykuuu hpousnonuf hocfo-
honnoo nosnoucfnuo na uononoo nochomunanuo u naof hcuxofopahonfy
nosmoxnocfi ouonufi hpoipocc.
nn ycunonun cnnsu c knuonfom n konuo copuu nnuxonuu inas, hocno
uncfpykuuu cnonafi nnox u nwnox, hcuxofopahonf u knuonf moiyf co-
nopmafi nnoxu u nwnoxu n onnom pufmo. 1akuo nochouuqunockuo no-
monfw nononun chococfnykf nosnuknononuk honoxufoninwx hcuxo-
fopahonfunockux qqokfon hpu uchonisonanuu nkou foxnuku. axno
cosnafi y knuonfa nyncfno nsaumocnnsu u ipyhhonou paofw, coxpann-
kmoocn na hpofnxonuu ncoio coanca.
Koina knuonf hponnnnof iofonnocfi, hcuxofopahonf omo pas hpono-
pnof konfakf c num, chpamunan: "H1u upuncxun1 cc4ac?" nnn "H1u
ncununac1 n cuinannn?". Ofo hosnonnof omy ycfanonufi onoo focnwu
konfakf c knuonfom u honynafi unqopmauuk oo ncox achokfax cow-
i4
fun, honnopiaomoio hopopaofko, a fakxo o fokymom cocfonnuu uono-
noio mafopuana. Knuonf hpu fom ynof nckpwnafi nonyk unqopma-
uuk, opasw, mouuu unu hpoonanakmuo omymonun. Icuxofopahonf
nonxon ouonunafi, hpoucxonuf nu hopopaofka. cnu knuonf ionopuf,
nfo y noio nunoio no hpoucxonuf, hcuxofopahonf nonxon nahpannnfi
knuonfa, nfow fof cnona nyman o unuunonfo, chpamunan oio: "H1u
upnxun1 na yv, kura nu yvac1c u 1panva1n4cckuv nnuncn1c?"
Ipu fom hcuxofopahonf no nonxon fpoonafi, nfow knuonf pac-
ckaswnan oo ncox nacfnwx achokfax cowfun, nanan omy nosmoxnocfi
camomy ofmofufi, nfo nnnnofcn nauonoo naxnwm. Ofo nooxonumo nnn
foio, nfow hopopaofka moina hpononxaficn u n hopuon moxny copu-
nmu nnuxonuu inas. nn onnux knuonfon uonfpom qokycuponku moxof
wfi usmononuo opasa, nnn npyiux nonwu uncauf unu usmononuo
hopchokfunw, a nnn fpofiux nwpaxonnwo usmononun n fonocnwx
omymonunx. Iofomy hcuxofopahonfy no cnonyof chpamunafi: Hfo nw
nunufo unu Hfo nw nyncfnyofo, hwfanci nwsnafi wcfpyk ofnof-
nyk poakuuk.
Iaysa moxny copunmu nnuxonuu inas nposnwnauno naxna nnn mno-
iux knuonfon, fak kak ona naof um nosmoxnocfi honopafi cnona nnn
ohucanun nnyfponnux hopoxunanuu u hosnonnof onoo honno honnfi
hpoucxonnmuo usmononun. Yckoponnan hopopaofka moxof ocymocfn-
nnficn no npomn copuu nnuxonuu inas cfoni wcfpo, nfo knuonf no-
chocoon honnfi oo honnocfik no fox hop, hoka no cmoxof nopanuso-
nafi hpoucxonnmoo. no sanucumocfu of foio, nfo ionopuf knuonf,
hcuxofopahonf nonxon nwcnymafi oio c conyncfnuom u honnopxkou.
1ak kak hpouocc hopopaofku hponnnnofcn ho-pasnomy y kaxnoio
unnununa, omoo nwckaswnanuo Hfo nw counac uchwfwnaofo hosno-
nnof knuonfam coomafi oo ncom, nfo hponnnnofcn u hpoonanaof y nux
n nacfonmuu momonf, a fakxo o fom, kak usmonnkfcn ux mwcnu, nyn-
cfna, opasw, mouuu u omymonun n fono, nosnukakf nu nochomuna-
nun o npyiux fpanmafunockux cnynanx u f.h. cnu ofmonakfcn kakuo-
nuo naxnwo usmononun n unqopmauuu, fo n cnonykmou copuu nonxno
wfi uchonisonano fo xo camoo nahpannonuo nnuxonun inas. cnu
nukakux usmononuu no hpoucxonuf, fo nooxonumo uchonisonafi npy-
ioo nahpannonuo nnuxonuu inas. Kak yxo ofmonanoci panoo, ocnu hpo-
uocc hopopaofku okaswnaofcn noynannwm unu ocnu nananmuocn usmo-
nonun n unqopmauuu hpuocfanannunakfcn u no hpoucxonuf nukakux
nonwx usmononuu hocno hohwfok uchonisonanun nnyx unu fpox pasnun-
nwx nahpannonuu nnuxonun inas, fo hcuxofopahonfy hopon nananom
hopopaofku nooxonumo opafuficn k onoo hponnunyfomy mafopua-
ny, ohucannomy n inano ?.
Honocfafonnwu qqokf hcuxofopahuu moxof osnanafi, nfo knuonf
hpocfo no honnaofcn nononuk n amynafopnwx ycnonunx. Onnako naxo
i5
ocnu hopopaofka no hpoucxonuf noomo unu hpoucxonuf n nocima no-
snanufoninou cfohonu, sanopmonuo hpouocca u ocyxnonuo nco panno
nonxnw wfi hponononw fak, kak ohucano nanoo n nannou inano.
Onnako nnn onimuncfna knuonfon ohponononnwo usmononun nco xo
ynyf hpoucxonufi. no sanucumocfu of fuha hopoxunanuu, o kofo-
pwx onu ynyf coomafi, nkwo usmononun n mafopuano n uonom yka-
swnakf na hpononxonuo hpouocca. Ioka fo hpoucxonuf, hcuxofopa-
honf nonxon nosnopxunaficn of unfophpofupykmux samonanuu,
nwpaxan cnok honnopxky hopoxunanunm knuonfa n fakux nonopani-
nwx qopmax, kak ynwka unu kunok iononou, unoina hpuoian k fa-
kum kpafkum kommonfapunm, kak Xopomo. mocfo foio nfow hw-
faficn hpononufi koinufunnoo hopocfpykfypuponanuo unu nanafi
oncnonun, ofknonnkmuo knuonfa of fomw u noymocfnwo hpu paspo-
monuu hponomw, hcuxofopahonf moxof nocfuni onimou qqokfun-
nocfu nononun, hpocfo hponnaian knuonfy ckonuonfpuponaficn na ma-
fopuano nnn nwhonnonun nonou copuu nnuxonuu inas. Honi II
cocfouf n fom, nfow cfumynuponafi nucqynkuuonaninwu mafopuan,
akfunusuponafi moxanusm hopopaofku u hosnonufi unqopmauuu ocfo-
cfnonnwm hyfom unfu k anahfunnomy paspomonuk. nn foio nfow
cnonafi fo naunynmum opasom, nooxonumo hosnonufi knuonfy ocfa-
naficn n hpononax oio hopoxunanuu hpu cohpukocnononuu c concopnwmu
hponnnonunmu unqopmauuu.
Akfunnoo cnymanuo, koina hcuxofopahonf hpousnocuf cnona fuha
H cnwman, nw ionopunu..., a safom honfopnof unu hopoqpasupyof
cnona knuonfa, nc nonxno uchonisonaficn n II. 1akan foxnuka
mupoko hpumonnofcn n npyiux qopmax hcuxofopahuu, ino posynifafw
ocnonanw n snanufoninou cfohonu na nopaninou hopoouonko, onna-
ko fo hpnmo hpofunohonoxno hcuxofopahonfunockum qqokfam
II. Koina hcuxofopahonf honfopnof cnona knuonfa, fo naxo nosna-
nufoninoo usmononuo n unfonauuu moxof usmonufi nco snanonuo. Knu-
onf hoompnofcn k fomy, nfow cmono hoipyxaficn n cnou hopoxuna-
nun nocfafonno inyoko, a unfophpofupyn cnona hcuxofopahonfa u
cpannunan ux c fom, nfo hpoucxonuf na camom nono, on moxof nanafi
nwckaswnafi nosmoxnwo ofnunun. 1akan qopma koinufunnou unfop-
hpofauuu chocona nwpnafi knuonfa us oio mouuonaninwx u concop-
nwx hopoxunanuu, hpopwnan hpouocc hopopaofku. Iofomy hcuxo-
fopahonf no nonxon hwfaficn honnonufi ufoiu u hpopwnafi knuonfa,
naxo ocnu fof ionopuf yxo hnfi munyf hocno sanopmonun copuu nnu-
xonuu inas; knuonf cam ocosnaof cnou knknonwo momonfw u no nyx-
naofcn n fom, nfow onu honfopnnuci hcuxofopahonfom. ynmo hpon-
noxufi knuonfy cocponofonunaficn na fom, nfo on ionopun (unu ocnu
on hpownaof n samomafonicfno, fo na hocnonnom us ckasannoio),
nom hwfaficn hopoqpasuponafi unu honfopnfi oio cnona.
i6
pyiou honxon, fakxo hpohnfcfnykmuu wcfpomy nononuk c homo-
mik II, fo nannswnaomwo hcuxofopahonfom oncnonun nkwx
cumnonon, nochomunanuu, mwcnou, nyncfn u f.h., nosnukakmux y
knuonfa no npomn copuu nnuxonuu inas. Knuonfw hocfonnno cooma-
kf o nosnuknononuu nonwx uncaufon u o nonom honumanuu, hpuxonn-
mom ocfocfnonno, ho mopo hpononxonun hopopaofku. Hahpumop,
nchnwnakmuo nonwo nochomunanun hosnonnkf hponhonaiafi cymocfno-
nanuo accouuafunnou cnnsu c onoo pannum mafopuanom. Iofomy,
nmocfo foio nfow chpamunafi: Kak nw nymaofo, nfo fo osnanaof
unu Kak nw nymaofo, honomy hpoucxonuf umonno fo, hcuxofopahon-
fy nooxonumo hpocfo nahpannnfi nnumanuo knuonfa no npomn cnonyk-
mou copuu nnuxonuu na nonoo nochomunanuo. uonom knuonfam hpon-
naiaofcn nopononino nwckaswnafi ofnocnmuocn k nony unu koinufun-
nwo unfophpofauuu, kofopwo ynyf ocyxnaficn hocno sanopmonun
hopopaofku. Iohwfku hcuxofopahonfa unfophpofuponafi kaxnoo hnafo
hopoxunanun moiyf okaswnafi ofpuuafoninoo nosnoucfnuo na xon nono-
nun, ofnnokan nnumanuo knuonfa of cfumynuponannwx hopoxunanuu u
ux koinufunnwx usmononuu. Hooxonumo homnufi, nfo koinufunnwo
unfophpofauuu nnnnkfcn xapakfopnwm hpusnakom mnoiux qopm fpanu-
uuonnou hcuxofopahuu, ownno umokmux numi oipanunonnwu ychox
hpu nononuu fpanm. Ipu II fakuo unfophpofauuu ynyf no hponn-
nonunmu nocfuxonun nonoio hnafo n hpouocco hopopaofku unqopma-
uuu, a uckyccfnonnou koncfpykuuou, nannsannou hcuxofopahonfom.
Koina knuonf onapyxuf usmononun n nkou nacfu unqopmauuu,
oio nnumanuo cnona nonxno wfi cocponofonono na uncfpykuuu "y-
va1c u a1uv", hocno noio nannofcn nonan copun nnuxonuu inas.
fof momonf hcuxofopahonf ho nonopaninwm poakuunm knuonfa (mu-
pokoo packpwfuo inas unu ux hpumypunanuo, nahpnxonuo n onacfu pfa
u f.h.) ohpononnof hpononxufoninocfi nonou copuu nnuxonuu. Honi
cocfouf n fom, nfow nafi nosmoxnocfi knuonfy hocno kaxnou copuu
nocfuiafi nonoio hnafo n hopopaofko unqopmauuu. Icuxofopahonf
nonxon ocfanaficn ononi nnumafoninwm k ofnofnwm poakuunm knuon-
fa, nfow ofmonafi honnnonuo nkoio nonoio ocosnananun unu ymoni-
monuo oio cfpananun. Iomnufo, nfo honnnonuo nonou unqopmauuu
ynof ofpaxaficn na nuuo knuonfa omo no foio, kak on koinufunno
ocosnaof usmononuo. Hfow nafi knuonfy nosmoxnocfi nnyfponno ho-
nnfi fo, hcuxofopahonf nonxon hpononxafi copuu nnuxonuu nockoniko
cokynn hocno foio, kak ofmofuf honnnonuo nonoio nwpaxonun nuua
knuonfa. ynmo ncoio fo moxof wfi hponomoncfpuponano na hpak-
fuko, no npomn ynonoio coanca II.
cnu nwpaxonnwo mouuu nnnnkfcn ononunnwmu, hcuxofopahon-
fy nooxonumo hpononxafi copuk nnuxonuu inas no fox hop, hoka no
ynof nocfuinyfo nonoo unqopmauuonnoo hnafo. numanuo hcuxofopa-
honfa k nopaninwm namokam co cfoponw knuonfa n oio hohwfkax noc-
i?
funi onoo naiohpunfnoio n hcuxofopahonfunockom cmwcno hnafo oco-
onno naxno no npomn ofpoaiuponanun. cnu usmononun n unqopma-
uuu nocnf ckopoo koinufunnwu, nom mofunnwu xapakfop, fo hcuxofo-
pahonfy nooxonumo hponocfu kchopumonfw, nfow ohpononufi, no
ynof nu ofnofnan poakuun knuonfa onoo honoxufoninou hpu uchoniso-
nanuu no J6 nnuxonuu n onnou copuu, a 48 (xofn nnn nokofopwx knuon-
fon naunynmuo posynifafw naof uchonisonanuo copuu, n kofopwx mo-
noo 24 nnuxonuu inas). Onnako hcuxofopahonf no nonxon nposmopno
cocponofonunaficn na honcnufwnanuu konunocfna nnuxonuu inas, a
hpocfo nyncfnonafi hpumopnyk hpononxufoninocfi copuu nnuxonuu,
opaman nnumanuo na nwpaxonuo nuua knuonfa u np. fonocnwo snaku.
Xofn ypononi cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna no fpoyofcn us-
mopnfi hocno kaxnou copuu nnuxonuu inas, moxno ofmofufi, nfo us-
mononuo ho kpaunou mopo na onny onunuuy ho Hkano Cb (cocfonmou
us ii hynkfon) ynof nhonno samofnwm ho ofnofnou poakuuu knuonfa
hocno kaxnou copuu nnuxonuu. Onnako homnufo, nfo ynonunonuo cfo-
honu nucfpocca fakxo moxof ykaswnafi na hpoxoxnonuo hopopaofku.
1akum opasom, nonwo mouuu unu nonwo accouuauuu moiyf npomon-
no ynonununafi ypononi fponoxnocfu n fom cnynao, ocnu hopopaofka
noucfnufonino hpoucxonuf. Copuu nnuxonuu inas, hpanunino hpono-
numwo n coofnofcfnuu c nonopaninwmu snakamu co cfoponw knuon-
fa, ionopnmumu o oio ofnofnou poakuuu, nacfo moiyf umofi hpunuu-
huanino naxnoo snanonuo nnn nocfuxonun hcuxofopahonfunockoio
qqokfa. Hmonno ho fou hpununo mw nacfonfonino pokomonnyom,
nfow nufafoni usynun fy foxnuky na hpakfuko hon pykononcfnom hpo-
monmoio oynonuo chouuanucfa, hpoxno nom hwfaficn hpumonnfi oo n
paofo c knuonfamu.
Coomonun hpakfukykmux hcuxofopahonfon cnunofonicfnykf, nfo
nnn nocfuxonun ohfumaninwx hcuxofopahonfunockux posynifafon xapak-
fopucfuku nnuxonuu inas hpu nooxonumocfu nonxnw usmonnficn.
Iofomy ocnu knuonf coomaof o iononnou onu, iononokpyxonuu unu
fomnofo, fo hpu usmononuu nahpannonun nnuxonuu inas omy nooxo-
numo hponnoxufi cocponofonuficn foniko na nwswnakmux ochokou-
cfno omymonunx n fono. Ofo nacfo hosnonnof ycfpanufi nohpunfnwo
qusunockuo omymonun. Hahpannonuo nnuxonuu inas fakxo nonxno
wfi usmonono u n fom cnynao, ocnu no hponnnnofcn nukakux hopomon
n hopopaafwnaomou unqopmauuu. Knununockuo nanknonun hokasw-
nakf, nfo y nokofopwx knuonfon hopopaofka nanunaofcn foniko n fom
cnynao, koina copuu nnuxonuu inas hpousnonnfcn n ohponononnom na-
hpannonuu unu ocnu nahpannonuo nnuxonuu inas usmonnofcn nockoni-
ko pas na hpofnxonuu coanca, n fo npomn kak y npyiux knuonfon hopo-
paofka ynof hpoucxonufi nhonno qqokfunno hpu nnuxonunx inas n
nkom nahpannonuu. Iononwm xo opasom nnn hpuchocononun k un-
i8
nununyaninwm ofnununm knuonfon nonxnw usmonnficn nnufoninocfi
u ckopocfi nnuxonuu inas. Knununockuo nanknonun hokaswnakf, nfo
fakuo cnynau noucfnufonino wnakf. osmoxnwo oncnonun nanno-
io nnnonun hpunonnfcn n inano i2. Hsmononun nahpannonun, nnufoni-
nocfu u ckopocfu nnuxonuu inas y pasnwx knuonfon moxof hpunonufi
k pasnunnwm qqokfam. Ipu uchonisonanuu II hpumopno 4O
npomonu hpanuninoio hpumononun nnuxonuu inas yxo camo ho coo
cosnaof hocnononafoninyk hopopaofky nucqynkuuonaninou unqopma-
uuu u hpunonuf k anahfunnomy paspomonuk. cnu unqopmauun no
usmonnofcn hocno honfopnkmuxcn usmononuu nnuxonuu inas, fo n
hpouocc nooxonumo nnocfu unwo usmononun (onu ocyxnakfcn n cno-
nykmux inanax).
C1anu 4c1ncp1au: cccncnnnniaunu
Hofnopfan cfanun, cocponofononnan na cnuxonuu yponnn ochokou-
cfna knuonfa (n fou mopo, n kakou fo nosmoxno) no O unu i anna ho
Hkano cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna, nasnana cfanuou noconcu-
unusauuu. Onnako xofn fof fopmun uchonisyofcn nnn oosnanonun
onnou us cfanuu hpouonypw II, oio no cnonyof paccmafpunafi cnum-
kom ysko. oconcuunusauun, unu ycfpanonuo ochokoucfna, kak
honoxufoninoo hopocfpykfypuponanuo hponcfannonun nnnnofcn ckopoo
hoonnwm hponykfom hopopaofku; u fo u npyioo hpononxaofcn na
hpofnxonuu ncoio hpouocca hcuxofopahuu.
nn foio nfow noconcuunusauun noucfnufonino hpoucxonuna,
nooxonumo hopopaofafi nucqynkuuonaninwu mafopuan, nakohnonnwu
no ncox kananax cofu hamnfu, cnnsannwx c uspannwm n kanocfno uonu
fpanmafunockum cowfuom. Koina fpanmafunockoo cowfuo hopopaa-
fwnaofcn, n cosnanuu moiyf hponnnnficn pasnoopasnwo kananw acco-
uuauuu. Kaxnan hopnonananinan uoni hponcfannnof coou hcuxonoiu-
nockuu yson, c kofopwm cnnsan noci ocfaninou hpomnwu ohwf. Ofo
hponcfannonuo ocnonano na hponhonoxonuu, nfo ochokoucfno hpucymo
nkomy cnnsannomy c uonik ysny u honhufwnaofcn ho pasnunnwm ka-
nanam accouuauuu.
Iopopaofka unqopmauuu n fux kananax moxof hponnnnficn n na-
nknaomom usmononuu (n usmononuu opasa, aqqokfa, mwcnou, sny-
kon, omymonuu unu yoxnonuu), n fo npomn kak knuonf ocfaofcn co-
cponofononnwm na uononom nochomunanuu. Y nokofopwx knuonfon
usmononun moiyf hpoucxonufi hocponcfnom ocosnananun npyiux cnnsan-
nwx c fum cowfuu unu hyfom napacfanun uncaufon. nn mnoiux hcu-
xofopahonfunockuo coancw ynyf nknknafi n con pasnoopasuo qopm
accouuauuu. Icuxofopahonfy cnonyof hpu nooxonumocfu okaswnafi
i
knuonfy honnopxky nnn cosnanun makcumaninoio komqopfa, no n fo xo
npomn on nonxon cfapaficn hosnonnfi hopopaofko hpoucxonufi os
nposmopnoio nmomafonicfna.
Icuxofopahonfy nooxonumo homnufi o hponnaiaomom namu n kano-
cfno knununockoio npucfunockoio hponhonoxonun hponcfannonuu o
uononom ysno c oio nchomoiafoninwmu kananamu (cm. puc. iJ). Kax-
noo nonoo ocosnanuo usmononun unqopmauuu nnnnofcn hpusnakom q-
qokfa nomuno, cnoucfnonnoio hpoipoccupykmou hopopaofko, hpo-
ucxonnmou n fux kananax. Copuu nnuxonuu inas nonxnw hpumonnficn
k kaxnomy nonomy hpusnaky napacfanun ocosnananun, no fox hop hoka
nco kananw no ynyf onumonw.
Pnc. 13. lpaqnuecxoe npepc1aanenne npoxoxpennn
npoecca QDQl-ncnxo1epannn uepea ce1u namn1n
ocfuxonuo kaxnoio us kananon ynof hpunonufi k hponnnonuk pnna
sakonomopno cnnsannwx accouuauuu (fu accouuauuu wnu paccmofponw
n inano 2). Hahpumop, nokofopwo kananw ynyf nknknafi n con us-
mononuo hponnnonuu uspannoio n kanocfno uonu unuunonfa, npyiuo
usmononuo ocosnananun pasnunnwx fpanmafunockux cnynaon, cnnsannwx
hpoonanakmumu mouunmu, n fo npomn kak fpofiu ynyf hponnnnfi
con ucknknufonino n usmononunx yoxnonuu, a nokofopwo kananw
ynyf hponnnnfi nonwo uncaufw, cnnsannwo c unwmu nochomunanun-
mu, nwhonnnkmumu poni nuo honoxufoninwx hpumopon, nuo, na-
oopof, ofpuuafoninwx konfphpumopon. hocnonnom cnynao knuonf
moxof nanafi honumafi, nfo on no nocof ofnofcfnonnocfu sa fo, nfo
wn koina-fo hokunyf mafopik, u nchomnufi nwswnakmuo nyncfno
UenL J Ysen
Accouna:naume kauanm
2OO
cnacfin cuonw, cnnsannwo c ponufonnmu unu npyiumu nnonamu comiu;
fu nochomunanun nacfo hopomoxakfcn npyiumu, oonunonnwmu o-
mou fomou hokunyfocfu.
Moxny kaxnou copuou nnuxonuu inas hcuxofopahonf nonxon ononi
nnumafonino nwcnymunafi knuonfa, nfow unonfuquuuponafi cnony-
kmuu qokyc nnn hopopaofku. sanucumocfu of ofnofnou poakuuu,
hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo ynonnfi nohocponcfnonnoo nnumanuo hoc-
nonnum nwckaswnanunm knuonfa, a fakxo nokofopwm anifopnafunnwm
achokfam kak oio hopoxunanuu, fak u nonou uonu.
Cnonykmuo hpumopw hokaswnakf, kak n accouuafunnwx kananax
xpanufcn nucqynkuuonaninan unqopmauun, k kofopou nooxonumo
opamaficn hpu II. o ncox cnynanx, koina uohi accouuauuu uc-
fomona, knuonfy nooxonumo hponnoxufi nosnpafuficn k hopnonanani-
nou uonu nnn nwhonnonun nohonnufoninwx copuu nnuxonuu inas. Ofo
hokaxof, nyxno nu hpoxonufi nopos nonwo kananw. Koina hpopaofa-
nw nco kananw, nanunaofcn cfanun uncfannnuuu.
4ccouumuonun nepepubomuu
Knuonf coomaof o cnoux hopoxunanunx n fopmunax usmononun o-
pason, snykon, omymonuu, mouuu, nkyca unu sahaxa. cnu nosnu-
kaof nochomunanuo o nkyco unu sahaxo, ono nonxno nomonnonno wfi
uspannwm n kanocfno uonu nnn hocnonykmux copuu nnuxonuu inas.
cnu fu copuu hpunonyf k yiacanuk nochomunanun, no nwsnan nonwx
accouuauuu, fo nooxonumo nosnpafuficn k hopnonananinou uonu.
Upu:nocmi
Hamo knuonfw ohucwnakf hpoxoxnonuo hpouocca n fopmunax usmo-
nonun opason. no sanucumocfu of foio, nonwo fo nochomunanun unu
napuauuu ofnoninoio cowfun, nosnukakmuu mafopuan nonxon cfafi
qokycom konuonfpauuu nnumanun nnn nonou copuu nnuxonuu inas.
Hahomnum omo pas, nfo hcuxofopahonf hpu fom no nonxon hoompnfi
ocowo chocow honynonun coomonuu (nahpumop, sananan nohpoc:
Hfo nw nunufo), fak kak knuonf moxof wfi onoo nnumafoninwm
k nonwm mwcnnm unu npyium concopnwm cfumynam. anoo mw paccmof-
pum ocnonnwo haffopnw honononun knuonfa, nknknan usmononun n
opasax u coofnofcfnykmyk poakuuk co cfoponw hcuxofopahonfa.
Hoooe oocno+ununue. Koina knuonf coomaof o fom, nfo nonoo noc-
homunanuo hponnunoci y noio n cosnanuu no npomn hponwnymou copuu
nnuxonuu inas, fo fo nochomunanuo nonxno cfafi qokycom nnn cnony-
2Oi
kmou copuu nnuxonuu. cnu poni unof o nockonikux nochomunanunx,
fo knuonfy nooxonumo nafi ykasanuo cocponofonunaficn na fom us nux,
kofopoo on cnufaof nauonoo ochokonmum. cnu nco nochomunanun
onanakf onunakonwm yponnom ochokoucfna, fo qokycuponka nonx-
na wfi nahpannona na fo us nux, kofopoo honnunoci hocnonnum.
Hokofopwo knuonfw hponnaiakf, kasanoci w, ockononnwu hofok
accouuafunno cnnsannwx ofnoninwx nochomunanuu. fom cnynao
honosno hponnoxufi um nosnpamaficn k hopnonananinomy nochomuna-
nuk hocno kaxnoio usmononun. Onnako fo nooxonumo nonafi numi
n fom cnynao, ocnu iO unu i5 nonwx nochomunanuu hocnononafonino
hponnnnkfcn hocno kaxnou copuu nnuxonuu inas, nfo nocfafonno na-
cfo ncfponaofcn hpu paofo c nofopanamu nounw. (nn ohponononun
foio, hpoucxonuf nu n nannom cnynao qqokf ionopanusauuu, noo-
xonumw naninoumuo uccnononanun.)
o ncox cnynanx hcuxofopahonf nonxon ofmofufi nnn hocnonykmou
hopopaofku kaxnoo wcfpo hpoxonnmoo nochomunanuo knuonfa, ko-
fopoo hponnnnof con kak ocoonno ochokonmoo. 1akuo nochomuna-
nun moiyf wcfpo nchnwnafi na honopxnocfi u fak xo wcfpo ucnosafi
na hpofnxonuu onnoio coanca. Onnako ownno uspanuo nonou uonu
no nonxno hpoucxonufi no fox hop, hoka nannoo nochomunanuo no ynof
honnocfik hopopaofano. Io nosmoxnocfu knuonfy nooxonumo ho-
snonufi nsnfi na con nonymyk poni n uspanuu nonwx uonou n sanucu-
mocfu of usmononun conopxanun oio cosnanun, hpoucxonnmoio ho mopo
usmononun unqopmauuu n kaxnom us kananon. Onnako naxno nosnpa-
maficn k hopnonananinou uonu nnn naninoumou hopopaofku hocno
foio, kak pnn accouuauuu sakannunaofcn.
H:+enenue opu:u. Hnoina knuonfw coomakf o usmononunx n nos-
nukmom y nux opaso (naxo ocnu uspannoo n kanocfno uonu fpanmafu-
nockoo cowfuo ocfaofcn fom xo camwm) unu xo n opaso, no cnnsan-
nom nu c kakumu chouuqunockumu cowfunmu, nahpumop, nuuo
nononoka. cnu honnnnofcn ofpuuafoninwu opas (nahpumop, naxmy-
ponnoo nuuo mafopu), fo on nonxon wfi uspan n kanocfno uonu no
npomn hocnonykmou copuu nnuxonuu inas. cnu xo nosnukaof nouf-
paninwu unu honoxufoninwu opas (nahpumop, mafopu, cunnmou n
komnafo u cnacfnuno ynwakmoucn), fo nooxonumo conopmufi onny
unu nno nohonnufoninwo copuu nnuxonuu inas, nfow ynunofi, ynof
nu on ycununaficn. Ho u hpu fom ncoina ho nosmoxnocfu cnonyof
opamaficn k hopnonananinomy opasy, n ocoonnocfu ocnu on yxo
ncfponancn panoo n fononuo coanca. cnu fakou opas noucfnufonino
yxo nosnukan n hpouocco hopopaofku, fo copuu nnuxonuu inas, cnn-
sannwo c honoxufoninwm opasom, nonxnw hpononxaficn no fox hop,
hoka no hpokpafufcn oio ycunonuo. cnu y knuonfa nosnukakf nna opa-
2O2
sa, onun ofpuuafoninwu, a npyiou honoxufoninwu (nahpumop, opa-
sw naxmyponnou mafopu u mafopu ynwakmoucn), fo n kanocfno uonu
nonxon wfi uspan ofpuuafoninwu opas. Ofa pokomonnauun ocno-
nana na hponhonoxonuu, nfo honoxufoninwo accouuauuu camu hosa-
ofnfcn o coo, n fo npomn kak ofpuuafoninwo nonxnw wfi hopopa-
ofanw. nn foio nfow cnusufi ypononi ochokoucfna knuonfa
(nahpumop, ocnu nononuo no wno sanopmono na hpofnxonuu ofnoni-
noio coanca), nooxonumo hopopaofafi cfoniko ofpuuafoninwx acco-
uuauuu, ckoniko ynacfcn. Hahomnum omo pas, nfo nucqynkuuonani-
nwo kananw nonxnw wfi onumonw, hpoxno nom moxno ynof ycunufi
honoxufoninwo accouuauuu.
1ucipimue cymnocmu unuu0enmu. 1panma sahonafnnofcn n nopnnou
cucfomo n cnoou hopnonananinou qopmo, nwswnakmou ochokoucfno;
knuonfw nacfo nyncfnykf, nfo onu ynnsnu n fou unqopmauuu u ona
hocfonnno hpucyfcfnyof n nux. Koina knuonfam hponnaiakf nwsnafi n
cosnanuu nochomunanuo o cowfuu, nnn mnoiux nocfyhnou okaswna-
ofcn nauonoo ochokonman oio nacfi. Hahpumop, koina xonmuno,
hopoxunmou nocnacfnwu cnynau no npomn kafanun na nonko, hponno-
xunu nchomnufi o fom cowfuu, onuncfnonnoo, nfo nosnukano y noo
n cosnanuu, wno nochomunanuo o fom, kak ona fpuxnw yxonuna hon
nony. Ionnfno, nfo fo wn nauonoo yxacnwu momonf no ncom co-
wfuu, ohpononunmuu hocnonykmyk cfpocconyk poakuuk knuonfku.
Onnako hockoniky fa xonmuna n nacfonmoo npomn naxonunaci n ka-
unofo hcuxofopahonfa, n nannwu momonf y noo no wno nukakou yi-
posw yfonyfi. Mofaqopunocku moxno wno cpannufi hononyk cufy-
auuk c hpocmofpom nunoosahucu fpanmafunockoio cowfun u ocfanon-
kou na kpano onnoio kanpa hpu naxafuu knohku Iaysa. Koina fa
cuona wna uspana n kanocfno uonu hopopaofku u nananu hpononufi-
cn copuu nnuxonuu inas, no wno nunoio ynunufoninoio n fom, nfo
fpanmafunockoo cowfuo cfano hocfohonno pasnopanunaficn, kanp sa
kanpom, kak ynfo na nunoomainufoqono nmocfo knohku Iaysa fo-
hopi naxanu knohky ochpousnononuo. Knuonfka coomuna, nfo
ynunona koio-fo, hpwiakmoio n nony, u nchomnuna o fom, kak oo cxna-
funu u nwfamunu; kak ona ofnwxana n nonko, hoka oo nosnu na opoi,
u f.h. Hacfo nochomunanun o fpanmafunockom cowfuu hpononxakf-
cn, nknknan hocnonykmuo hopoxunanun knuonfa (n nannom cnynao n
oninuuo), a fakxo poakuuk na cowfuo co cfoponw nnonon comiu.
Knuonfy nooxonumo qokycuponaficn na kaxnou us fux cuon no npo-
mn ofnoninwx copuu nnuxonuu inas no fox hop, hoka no ynof nocfui-
nyfo honoxufoninoo paspomonuo.
oucfnufoninwo hocnoncfnun hopnonananino unonfuquuuponanno-
io fpanmafunockoio cowfun nacfo moiyf nwswnafi fakyk xo cfohoni
ochokoucfna, kak u cama fpanma. Hahpumop, nokofopwo xopfnw us-
2OJ
nacunonanun nyncfnonanu ipyoo nacunuo co cfoponw hopconana oni-
nuuw u cofpynnukon honuuuu no npomn paccnononanun cowfun. cnu
uspannwu n kanocfno uonu unuunonf no usmonnofcn no npomn hopopa-
ofku, nnn hcuxofopahonfa nauonoo hpanuninwm ynof uspafi fu
kananw no npomn hopnonananinoio coanca ho ohponononuk anamnosa
cnynan, n ocoonnocfu ocnu knuonf yxo cooman o fakux achokfax kak
nwswnakmux ochokoucfno.
1pono:enue u:+enenuu. Hokofopwo knuonfw cocponofonunakfcn na
nauonoo ochokonmom achokfo cowfun, hponcfannonnom n nuno of-
noninoio opasa. O fux opasax onu nacfo ionopnf kak o nannsnunwx
mwcnnx, fniocfnwx nochomunanunx unu honfopnkmuxcn nonnwx kom-
mapax. o npomn hopopaofku qopmw hponnnonun opasa moiyf usmo-
nuficn. Koina knuonf coomaof o fakux usmononunx (opas cfanonuf-
cn npno, cnofnoo, onimo unu monimo nuo nanunaof nochpunumaficn
hon npyium yinom sponun), copuu nnuxonuu inas nonxnw honfopnficn
yxo c usmononnwm opasom. cnu xo kapfuna cowfun ohucwnaofcn
kak noncnan, fo knuonfy nooxonumo hponnoxufi hpocfo ckonuonf-
puponaficn na nou.
Hnoina opas ucnosaof, xofn ohponononnoo ochokoucfno ocfaofcn.
fakom cnynao nooxonumo ckasafi knuonfy: "Hpuc1u yva1c u cuu-
1nn" (hpu fom on nonxon cocponofonuficn na qusunockux omymonunx).
Ofo hosnonnof cfumynuponafi unqopmauuk o fpanmafunockom cowfuu
fakum opasom, nfo hopopaofka moxof wfi sanopmona. axno, nfow
hcuxofopahonf hpononxan copuu nnuxonuu inas no fox hop, hoka ocho-
koucfno y knuonfa no ynof paspomono, no ionopn yxo o fom, nfo camo
ho coo ucnosnononuo opasa osnanaof hcuxofopahonfunockuu ychox.
Knuonfa nooxonumo sanopufi, nfo on coxpanuf fonnoo nochomu-
nanuo o cowfuu, naxo ocnu fo unu unwo opasw ynyf ucnosafi no
npomn hopopaofku. Ofo ocoonno naxno nnn nuu, hopoxunakmux iopo,
cnnsannoo c yfpafou nkumoio nononoka. hononom cnynao knuonfa
nooxonumo ychokoufi, ckasan omy, nfo npyiuo opasw ocfanyfcn no-
cfyhnwmu nnn noio naxo hocno sanopmonun hopopaofku. Onnako hcu-
xofopahonf nonxon homnufi, nfo, xofn ucnosnononuo uonfpaninoio
opasa nhonno ownnoo nnnonuo, nosmoxnwo hocnoncfnun nonxnw
wfi fmafonino ohponononw omo no foio, kak nannofcn hpumononuo
II (fa foma honpono paccmofpona n inano 4).
3oyiu u +ic:u
Icuxofopahonf nonxon wfi ononi nnumafonon k nkwm honfnopx-
nonunm foio, nfo hopopaofka noucfnufonino hpoucxonuf. Mnoiuo
knuonfw coomakf hpoxno ncoio o usmononunx n spufoninwx opasax,
2O4
onnako no monoo naxnw cnyxonwo u koinufunnwo usmononun. 1akum
opasom, qokycuponka nnumanun moxof usmonuficn, nfo honnonof sa
coou kak nosnuknononuo nonwx mwcnou, fak u nochomunanuu o mwc-
nnx no npomn fpanmafunockoio cowfun, nuo uncaufon, packpwnak-
muxcn os kakux-nuo nusyaninwx hponnnonuu. Io mopo chonfannoio
nosnuknononun fakux mwcnou knuonfa nooxonumo hoompnfi uchoni-
sonafi ux n hocnonykmux copunx nnuxonuu inas. Iocno hpoxoxnonun
nopos cnyxonwo unu koinufunnwo kananw accouuauuu knuonfy nooxo-
numo hponnoxufi nopnyficn k hopnonananinou uonu nosnoucfnun.
Umpuuume:inie oiciu:iounun. Koina y knuonfa nosnukakf nonwo
ofpuuafoninwo nwckaswnanun unu unou, hcuxofopahonf chpamunaof,
ino on omymaof fu cnona n cnoom fono. Ofof nohpoc cnonyof sanafi
hopon nananom nonou copuu nnuxonuu inas, nfow cocponofononnocfi
knuonfa na camohpunuxakmux achokfax ofpuuafoninoio nwckaswnanun
no momana hpouoccy hopopaofku. Io mopo nosnuknononun nonwx
mwcnou knuonfy cnona sanaofcn nohpoc: "c nu umymac1c a1u n cnucv
1cnc?", hocno noio copuu nnuxonuu inas cnonyof honfopufi.
Icuxofopahonf nonxon cfpomuficn k hpoipoccupykmomy ymonimo-
nuk ofpuuafoninwx accouuauuu. cnu nauonoo noiafunnwo mwcnu
yhopno honfopnkfcn, knuonf moxof ynnsnyfi n nux (cm. inany ?) unu
nosnukaof qonomon mopfnou hofnu u hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo
uchonisonafi hponnunyfyk cfumynupykmyk cfpafoiuk II, nasw-
naomyk fakxo koinufunnwm nsaumohopohnofonuom (cm. honponoo
inany iO). Ownno qonomon mopfnou hofnu honnnnofcn, koina onno
u fo xo ofpuuafoninoo yfnopxnonuo u nwcokuu ypononi ochokoucfna
nosnukakf u honfopnkfcn nopos kaxnwo hnfnanuafi munyf u nco ani-
fopnafunnwo napuanfw, ohucwnaomwo n cnonykmou inano, okaswnakfcn
noqqokfunnwmu.
Hecoomoemcmoun. Hocoofnofcfnun nosnukakf, koina knuonf hwfa-
ofcn hpousnonino nwsnafi n cosnanuu nfo-nuo, no coinacykmoocn c
oio nwnomnum yponnom aqqokfa. Mw hponhonaiaom, nfo hopopaof-
ka ynof hpoucxonufi n fom cnynao, ocnu nnuxonun inas nwhonnnkfcn
coinaconanno c pannomopnou cosnafoninou qokycuponkou na komho-
nonfax nucqynkuuonaninoio mafopuana (opas, mwcni, qusunockoo
omymonuo). Iocno coofnofcfnykmou fponuponku c knuonfom, naynun
oio qopmynuponafi ofpuuafoninoo hponcfannonuo, nopanusykmoo ypo-
noni aqqokfa, cnnsannoio c uspannwm n kanocfno uonu fpanmafunoc-
kum cowfuom, hcuxofopahonf hponnaiaof omy coxpannfi ocosnananuo
qusunockux omymonuu, cnnsannwx c uonik. posynifafo opas,
hponcfannonuo u omymonuo ynyf ynopxunaficn n cosnanuu. Ofo ho-
nono fpom nasopnwm nynam, nahpannonnwm na coxpannomwu na qu-
suonoiunockom yponno nucqynkuuonaninwu mafopuan. cnu n fo npomn
2O5
hopoxunaofcn nwcokuu ypononi nucfpocca ncnoncfnuo cnnsannoio c fpan-
mou nyncfna occunun u knuonf hwfaofcn nwsnafi y con onoo komqop-
fnoo cocfonnuo hyfom ycunonun yfnopxnonun fuha H onanak cunou,
fo nocoofnofcfnuo moxny aqqokfom u nannwm yfnopxnonuom, kak hpa-
nuno, ynof hpunonufi k noynano n hopopaofko.
cnu knuonf hocno copuu nnuxonuu inas nooxunanno coomaof o
fom, nfo on nyman o nom-fo hpunfnom, fo hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo
ohpononufi, namoponno nu knuonf nwswnan y con nyncfno onoinonun:
"cnann nnn runupnnn nn nu 41u-nnu navcpcnnu?" cnu ofnof yfnop-
nufonon, fo knuonfy nooxonumo hponnoxufi ofpocufi nwswnakmoo
nocoofnofcfnuo ofnopxonuo u nafi omy cnonykmuo uncfpykuuu: "Hyc1t
1u, 41u upuncxun1, upuc1u upuncxun1. Hc uu1a1cct uucnnna1t a1u
nnn uu1anknna1t xu cuu1n".
1akoo honoxufoninoo yfnopxnonuo moxof chonfanno nosnukafi kak
hpnman ofnofnan poakuun na ofpuuafoninoo yfnopxnonuo, u fo no non-
xno oockypaxunafi hcuxofopahonfa. Hahpumop, y nacfu knuonfon os
kakux-nuo namoponnwx hohwfok n ofnof na ofpuuafoninoo hponcfan-
nonuo H yxacon moiyf nosnukafi cnona H hpokpacnwu nononok.
Hnoina nna fakux yfnopxnonun moiyf cmonnfi npyi npyia na hpofnxo-
nuu coanca. 1akan cmona ofnkni no hpohnfcfnyof ychomnocfu hopopa-
ofku. Iponomw nosnukakf foniko n fom cnynao, koina knuonf co-
snafonino hwfaofcn yhpannnfi hopopaofkou hyfom hpoxnonpomonnoio
nnononun honoxufoninoio yfnopxnonun.
1o:oume:inie +ic:u. cnu nonwo honoxufoninwo mwcnu panoo
yxo nosnukanu n xono nononun, fo hcuxofopahonf nonxon hponnoxufi
knuonfy cocponofonunaficn na nux no npomn nanana cnonykmou copuu
nnuxonuu inas. Onnako ocnu hpu fom no hpoucxonnf cymocfnonnwo
usmononun, knuonfa nooxonumo nosnpamafi k hopnonananinou uonu.
cnu xo honoxufoninwo mwcnu ycununakfcn, nooxonumo hponocfu no-
honnufoninwo nnuxonun inas. Ocoonno naxno cocponofonuficn na nux
u ycunufi nonwo honoxufoninwo mwcnu, nauonoo anahfunnwo nnn knu-
onfa, hpoxno nom nosnpamaficn k uonu. cnu ofpuuafoninwo u hono-
xufoninwo mwcnu nosnukakf onnonpomonno, fo knuonfa nooxonumo
nahpannnfi na fo, nfow on cocponofonunancn n hopnyk onoponi na
ofpuuafoninwx. Ofpuuafoninwo yfnopxnonun accouuupykfcn c onoo
nucqynkuuonaninwm mafopuanom, kofopwu nonxon wfi hopopaofan,
hockoniky honoxufoninwo mwcnu cnnsanw c coofnofcfnykmum mafopu-
anom, chonfanno nnuxymumcn k unfoipauuu. Ipoxno nom cfanufi uoni
nocfuxonun honnou unfoipauuu, nonxnw wfi hopopaofanw nco ofpu-
uafoninwo accouuauuu. Iofomy, ocnu honoxufoninwo mwcnu nosnu-
kakf na sanopmakmux cfanunx hopopaofku, n ocoonnocfu no npomn
cfanuu uncfannnuuu, copuu nnuxonuu inas nonxnw hpononxaficn.
2O6
Hncuumi. cnu uncaufw cfanonnfcn nco onoo anahfunnwmu, fo
knuonfy hponnaiakf ocosnanafi mwcnu, nosnukanmuo y noio no npomn
hocnonnou copuu nnuxonuu inas. no sanucumocfu of foio, nfo iono-
puf knuonf, hcuxofopahonf nonxon ckasafi: "yva1c u a1uv", no hw-
fanci honfopnfi unu oncnnfi oio cnona. Mnoium hcuxofopahonfam no-
nonino fpynno hosnonnfi hpouoccy pasnunaficn ochpohnfcfnonno, n
ocoonnocfu ocnu n nwckaswnanunx knuonfa ocfi noiunockuo nocoof-
nofcfnun unu ocnu onu nomoncfpupykf nohpanuninoo honumanuo hpo-
ucxonnmoio. Onnako nnn hcuxofopahonfa naxno homnufi, nfo hopopa-
ofka nnonof sa coou fpancmyfauuk nucqynkuuonaninoio mafopuana
u hocfohonnoo oio cnnswnanuo c hpanuninou u honosnou unqopmauu-
ou, ynynmakmou cocfonnuo knuonfa. Kaxnoo yfnopxnonuo hponcfan-
nnof coou nopanusauuk chouuqunockoio hnafo unqopmauuu u coof-
nofcfnykmou cfanuu hopopaofku. Ioka II-hcuxofopahun no
sanopmufcn honnocfik, kaxnoo fakoo yfnopxnonuo ocfanofcn numi
cfyhonik nnn nocfuxonun cnonykmoio hnafo.
cnu mw nchomnum mofaqopy c hoosnom, cnonykmum of onnou
ocfanonku k npyiou, cfanof ncno, nfo knuonf no moxof nochpunumafi
cnou fpanmafunockuu mafopuan honnocfik qynkuuonaninwm opasom
no fox hop, hoka no ynof nocfuinyfa hocnonnnn ocfanonka, f.o.
honnan anahfunnocfi unqopmauuu. Iohwfku honfankunafi knuonfa unu
oncnnfi oio nwckaswnanun hononw fomy, kak ocnu w omy hponno-
xunu hpoxnonpomonno coufu c hoosna. o npomn II mw hwfaomcn
cfumynuponafi nucqynkuuonaninwu mafopuan u yckoponno hopopaa-
fwnafi oio c homomik nohonnufoninwx copuu nnuxonuu inas. Icuxo-
fopahonf nonxon namoponno nmomunaficn n hpoucxonnmoo foniko n fom
cnynao, ocnu hopopaofka hpuocfanannunaofcn. axo ocnu knuonf y-
nof nanunafi ocony o nnoni ofkpwfou um unqopmauuu, hpocfan poko-
monnauun ymaufo o fom hosnonnof omy ckonuonfpuponaficn na
nauonoo cymocfnonnwx nomonfax foio, o nom on coomaof. cnu knu-
onf hpocuf nafi coofnofcfnykmuo uncfpykuuu, fo hcuxofopahonfy no-
oxonumo hponnoxufi omy ynopxunafi n cosnanuu hocnonnuu us nau-
onoo cymocfnonnwx ofmononnwx momonfon.
Oyenun u uqqeumm
Knuonfw nacfo coomakf o qqokfax hopopaofku n fopmunax nos-
nuknononun u usmononun qusunockux omymonuu unu mouuu. II-
hopopaofka moxof nwcnooxnafi y knuonfa ocosnananuo no foniko
qusunockux omymonuu, accouuupykmuxcn c pasnunnwmu mouunmu,
no u qusunockux omymonuu, nakohnonnwx no npomn camoio fpanma-
funockoio cowfun. Hahpumop, xopfna usnacunonanun moxof nyncfno-
2O?
nafi hpukocnononuo pyk nacuninuka, a xopfna nopoxnoio hpoucmocfnun
moxof cnona hopoxufi anfomouninyk kafacfpoqy. Hooxonumo hpo-
nnufi ocoyk saofnunocfi n fox cnynanx, koina knuonf hopoxunaof
onosnonnwo qusunockuo omymonun, accouuupykmuocn c fpanmou.
Hncfpykuuu ho paofo c knuonfamu no npomn ofpoaiuponanun, nknk-
nakmoio nwcokuo yponnu ochokoucfna, ynyf ohucanw n cnonykmou
inano.
Hooie :+ouuu. Ipu hopopaofko nochomunanun o fpanmafunockom
cnynao moiyf nosnukafi pasnoopasnwo mouuu. Koina knuonf ynof
yhomunafi o nonwx mouunx, hcuxofopahonfy cnonyof chpamunafi: "c
nu umymac1c nx n 1cnc?" u safom nanunafi nonyk copuk nnuxonuu
inas. Chouuqunockuo mouuu unu komunauuu nockonikux mouuu
moiyf nosnukafi u ucnosafi na hpofnxonuu onnou copuu nnuxonuu inas
unu xo n unwx cnynanx coxpannficn na hpofnxonuu ncoio coanca. Io-
ckoniky fu mouuu moiyf wfi nocima unfoncunnwmu, naxno nahom-
nufi knuonfy, nfo onu hponcfannnkf coou mafopuan us hpomnoio, u
ocnu on hopoxunaof cfpax, fo fo nonco no osnanaof, nfo n nacfonmoo
npomn hpucyfcfnyof poaninan ohacnocfi. Icuxofopahonf no nonxon
ynunnnficn, koina onna mouun nonwcokoio yponnn unfoncunnocfu
nnpyi hpoopasyofcn n npyiyk mouuk c nwcokou unfoncunnocfik.
Hahpumop, cfpananun, ouononnwo n J anna ho Hkano cyokfunnwx
onunuu ochokoucfna, moiyf nononino noiko nocfuiafi yponnn inona,
ouonunaomoio n 8 annon ho Hkano Cb. Honwo mouuu nonxnw usu-
paficn n kanocfno uonu nno sanucumocfu of hponmocfnonanmux mouuu.
A opamonnwu k knuonfy nohpoc: Hyncfnyofo nu nw fakxo u fy honani,
o kofopou nw ionopunu panimo moxof foniko sanopxunafi hpouocc.
Iponhonfufonino, nfow yckoponnan hopopaofka mouuu hpouc-
xonuna n kaunofo hcuxofopahonfa, no unoina knuonf ynof hpononxafi
hopoxunafi mouuu n poaninom npomonu unu pasnunnwo mouuu y-
nyf npomn of npomonu chonfanno nosnukafi hocno coanca. no sanucu-
mocfu of ononunnwx qqokfon II knuonfy cnonyof oncnufi hpu-
pony fou foxnuku. Ofo nocima naxno, fak kak, naxo koina fpanmafu-
nockoo cowfuo kaxofcn honnocfik hopopaofannwm, moiyf nosnukafi
nonwo mouuu. Hahpumop, nopos nononk hocno ychomnou hopopaof-
ku nochomunanuu o unuocfo knuonfka nosnpafunaci k hcuxofopahonfy
u ckasana: H hopoxunak cmopfi mooio ofua, xofn no foio n nukoina
no ohnakunana oio.
Koina knuonf uchwfwnaof nyncfno ouohononun unu ofcfpanonnoc-
fu, nooxonumo cnanana nokanusuponafi fo nyncfno n oio fono, a sa-
fom hpononxafi copuu nnuxonuu inas. Icuxofopahonf nonxon honnop-
xunafi knuonfa u homoiafi omy no npomn nnuxonuu inas, nahomunan o
2O8
hcuxofopahonfunockom hpouocco. nn knuonfa fo nocima onosnonnwu
hopuon, u honnopxka hcuxofopahonfa moxof wfi nocima honosnou.
Ho homnufo, nfo hopon nananom II-hcuxofopahuu nooxonumo
ononi fmafonino hponuainocfuponafi knuonfa na hponmof nanunun nuc-
couuafunnwx paccfpoucfn. cnu fo cnonano anoknafno, fo nyncfno
ofcfpanonnocfu moxno paccmafpunafi kak cnonykmuu cnou mouuu,
nyxnakmuucn n hopopaofko. Hyncfno nuccouuuponannocfu y knuonfon
c hocffpanmafunockum cunnpomom nhonno ownno, hockoniky mnoiuo
naxonunuci n fakom cocfonnuu no npomn honynonun fpanmw. Onnako
hcuxofopahonf nonxon wfi ynopon, nfo no offonknof of con knuonfa,
hponhpunumakmoio hohwfku ofcfpanuficn of hpoucxonnmoio, nfow
usoxafi nohpunfnwx uchwfanuu, cnnsannwx c coancom II. cnu
y nac nosnukakf comnonun, ocfanonufo hpouocc u, hpoxno nom hponon-
xafi oio, chpocufo knuonfa, xonaof nu on hpononxufi coanc.
H:+enenue omymenuu. cnu omymonun n fono usmonnkfcn, fo no
npomn hocnonykmux copuu nnuxonuu inas knuonfy nooxonumo cocpo-
nofonunaficn na nonwx omymonunx. Hocmofpn na uckymonuo, hcuxo-
fopahonf no nonxon hwfaficn honynufi of knuonfa ouonky unu ohuca-
nuo fux omymonuu, hockoniky fo, ckopoo ncoio, no nacf nukakou
honosnou unqopmauuu. Kpomo foio, naxo ocnu hpoucxonnf usmononun
n omymonunx, hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo nosnopxunaficn of nohpo-
con o fox omymonunx, o kofopwx knuonf cooman panoo. Ckanupona-
nuo fona ynof chococfnonafi nwnnnonuk ncox ocfafonnwx qusunockux
omymonuu n konuo coanca. Hfow chococfnonafi hpouoccy hopopaof-
ku, hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo sanafi knuonfy pnn nohpocon.
Oenuu
Hfow ynocfonopuficn, hpoucxonuf nu kakou-fo hpoipocc hpu hoc-
nonykmou hopopaofko, nooxonumo ouonunafi kaxnwu pnn accouua-
uuu. Y knuonfon hpoonanaof fonnonuun coomafi o usmononunx n
unqopmauuu unu o honnnonuu nonou unqopmauuu, nco monoo ocho-
konmou. Onnako naxo ocnu ypononi ochokoucfna nospacfaof, hopopa-
ofka nco panno moxof hpoucxonufi naionapn fomy, nfo hopoxunaof-
cn unou achokf nochomunanun, fak, kak ynfo nochomunanuo
honnopinoci hpouoccy mofaonusma.
Icuxofopahonf moxof hponhonaiafi, nfo accouuafunnwo kananw
onumakfcn ho mopo foio, kak ypononi ochokoucfna y knuonfa honu-
xaofcn, a hpouocc accouuauuu nocfuiaof fou fonku, n kofopou on oc-
fanannunaofcn u nunoio nonoio unu snanumoio no honnnnofcn hocno nnyx
copuu nnuxonuu inas n pasnwx nahpannonunx. Hooxonumo wfi ononi
2O
nnumafoninwm k fomy, nfo nonoo nwckaswnanuo unu opas, nxonnmuo
n cosnanuo knuonfa, moiyf naxonuficn na fom xo unqopmauuonnom
hnafo, nfo u hponwnymuo opasw unu nwckaswnanun. Hahpumop, ocnu
y knuonfku nosnukakf honoxufoninwo nyncfna ho ofnomonuk k oo
mafopu u ona pacckaswnaof o snanwx oonax u nonopunkax, na kofopwx
onu wnanu nmocfo, fo fu nwcnoonunmuocn mouuu, hycfi naxo hpu-
nfnwo, omo no nnnnkfcn hpusnakamu nocfuxonun nonoio hnafo.
Koina hpokpamakfcn copuu accouuauuu, nwswnanmuxcn hcuxofopa-
honfom, knuonf nonxon wfi cnona nauonon na hopnonananinoo fpan-
mafunockoo cowfuo: "yva1c u cuu1nn. H1u nu 4ync1nyc1c?" 3afom
nanunaofcn nonan copun nnuxonuu, naxo n fom cnynao, koina ofnof-
nan poakuun kaxofcn honoxufoninou unu knuonf cnufaof, nfo no oc-
fanoci nunoio nyxnakmoiocn n hopopaofko. Hacfo nonan copun nnu-
xonuu ofkpwnaof nooxunannwu kanan. Kaxnwu us nonwx kananon
nonxon wfi hpounon coinacno nwmoyhomnnyfwm conofam. konuo
kaxnoio kanana hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo hponnaiafi knuonfy nosnpa-
maficn k hopnonananinou uonu.
cnu hocno honfopnoio opamonun k hopnonananinomy fpanmafunoc-
komy cnynak u sanopmonun copuu nnuxonuu no nosnukakf nonwo mo-
uuu, omymonun unu opasw, fo hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo omo pas
hponopufi ypononi ochokoucfna knuonfa ho mkano Cb. cnu knuonf
ouonunaof cnoo cocfonnuo n O annon, fo moxno cnufafi, nfo uoni
noconcuunusuponana, u nanunafi cfanuk uncfannnuuu.
Ipoxno nom nanunafi cfanuk uncfannnuuu, nooxonumo hpoufu nco
kananw packpwnakmoucn nucqynkuuonaninou unqopmauuu, onnako
hcuxofopahonf nonxon homnufi o npomonu. Iocno nocfuxonun nkoio
us kananon knuonf nonxon ocfanaficn c nyncfnom ymonimunmoiocn
ochokoucfna, no honfopnoo uspanuo n kanocfno uonu hopnonanani-
nou unqopmauuu moxof ofkpwnafi npyiou kanan c omo onoo ocho-
konmum mafopuanom. Iofomy ocnu no konua coanca ocfaofcn ncoio
nockoniko munyf, no cnonyof ofkpwnafi nonwu kanan. cnu npomonu
nnn sanopmonun hopopaofku nnno nonocfafonno, hcuxofopahonf moxof
hopoufu hpnmo k cfanuu sanopmonun. Knuonf nonxon ocfanaficn n konuo
kaxnoio coanca c nyncfnom opofonun cunw u nocfuxonun ychoxa.
cnu knuonf coomaof o nuskom yponno cyokfunnwx onunuu oc-
hokoucfna (no onimom, nom nynonou), no usmonnkmomcn of hopomo-
nw nahpannonun nnuxonuu inas, fo nonxno wfi hpononono nohonnu-
foninoo ohponononuo hponmofa. Icuxofopahonf chpamunaof: "Kaknc
avuunn nu ncuu1unac1c?" Hnoina hocno foio nohpoca knuonfw ynyf
hpuxonufi n samomafonicfno u, naswnan ypononi ho Hkano Cb, io-
nopufi o cocfonnuu hokon u naiohonynun. Hm nooxonumo nahomnufi,
nfo ouonko ho Hkano Cb honnoxaf foniko nwswnakmuo ochokou-
cfno mouuu. Onnako ocnu knuonf ionopuf o nuskom yponno ofpuua-
2iO
foninwx mouuu, hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo chpocufi: "H1u upcuu1-
c1nyc1 1uvy, 41uu ypuncnt ccuukuc1na un nyncnuv?"
Ofnofnan poakuun ownno nckpwnaof sanokuponannoo yoxnonuo
fuha cnu n yny cnumkom cnacfnunwm, fo nanny uchwfwnafi nyn-
cfno nunw. fom cnynao nooxonumo hpumononuo honnoio kypca
II-hcuxofopahuu k nochomunanuk, cnnsannomy c hononwm yox-
nonuom. cnu xo ofnofnan poakuun knuonfa hponnnnofcn n coofnofcfnuu
c cufyauuou (nahpumop, H uchwfwnak honani of foio, nfo ymop mou
nnnn), cfanun uncfannnuuu moxof wfi nwhonnona no konua.
Icuxofopahonf nonxon wfi ononi nnumafoninwm u no hpunumafi
hpoxnonpomonnwo yfnopxnonun knuonfa, choconwo oipanunufi nani-
noumuu hpoipocc. Hahpumop, ocnu knuonf hopopaafwnaof cnou cfpax
nwcfyhnonun hopon hynukou, fo moxof honnuficn uckymonuo ocfanufi
oio c nwcokum yponnom fponoxnocfu, n ocoonnocfu ocnu knuonf sa-
nnnnof: H cnufak, nfo fohopi ncoina yny uchwfwnafi monimyk fpo-
noxnocfi u cmoiy nwhonnnfi xopomyk paofy. 1akuo nwckaswnanun
moiyf okasaficn hpocfo yfnopxnonuom, coofnofcfnykmum ohpononon-
nomy hnafo hopopaofku. K coxanonuk, mnoiuo hcuxofopahonfw hpu-
numakf na nopy yfnopxnonun fakoio pona u nocponno sanopmakf hpo-
uocc nononun, onapyxun hapannonu c ux cocfnonnou cucfomou
yoxnonuu. oucfnufonino, nokofopwo unnununw moiyf hpousnocufi
hpokpacnwo u ynnokafoninwo ponu, uchonnonnwo yxo no fponoxnoc-
fu, a nyncfna hponnkymonun u nonnonun. Icuxofopahonf nonxon c yna-
xonuom ofnocfuci k cocfonnuk u yoxnonunm knuonfa, no conopmufi
ho kpaunou mopo nno nohonnufoninwo copuu nnuxonuu inas hopon fom,
kak coinamaficn c fom unu unwm nwckaswnanuom. Ipoxnonpomonnoo
hpokpamonuo nnuxonuu inas ocfannnof nouccnononannwmu naxnwo o-
nacfu unu nunom no ohpannannwu nwcokuu ypononi ochokoucfna.
Ipoxno nom hopoxonufi k cfanuu uncfannnuuu, cnynau nanunun ypon-
nou cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna, hponwmakmuo i, nonxnw
wfi fmafonino uccnononanw nnn ohponononun ux konoiunockou nanun-
nocfu.
C1anu uu1au: nnc1annuunu
Iocno foio kak nocfuinyfa noconcuunusauun c yponnom cyok-
funnwx onunuu ochokoucfna O unu i, nanunaofcn cfanun uncfannn-
uuu. o uonik nnnnofcn hpoxno ncoio honnan unfoipauun honoxufoni-
nou camoouonku c uspannou n kanocfno uonu fpanmafunockou unqop-
mauuou. Hncfannnuun hpumonnofcn nnn ycunonun honoxufoninoio
hponcfannonun u cosnanun oio chouuqunockou cnnsu c uspannwm n ka-
nocfno uonu fpanmafunockum nnnonuom unu cowfuom. Iockoniky no
2ii
npomn hpouocca hopopaofku ncn unqopmauun nonxna wfi hpoopa-
sonana, honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo hponopnofcn kak na oio hpumo-
numocfi n nacfonmoo npomn, fak u na nanunnocfi. Icuxofopahonf hpon-
naiaof knuonfy ouonufi honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo, uspannoo no
npomn cfanuu ohponononun hponmofa. nn foio on ionopuf: "Kak nu
nucupnnnvac1c cc4ac cnuna ]uun1upuc1 uunuxn1cntnuc upcc1anncnnc|?"
fof momonf coanca y knuonfa ynof hpoucxonufi npamafunockuu
hpoipocc n oio nyncfnax, cnnsannwx c hopnonananinwm fpanmafunoc-
kum cowfuom. cnoncfnuo honnnonun mnoxocfna uncaufon fa cfanun
moxof snanufonino hponocxonufi oxunanun knuonfa, u fpanmafunoc-
koo cowfuo fohopi paccmafpunaofcn um n onoo honoxufoninom cno-
fo, nom hponcfannnnoci hopnonananino. Hnwmu cnonamu, honoxufoni-
noo hponcfannonuo, cfoni xonannoo nnn knuonfa n nanano hcuxofopa-
huu, counac moxof okasaficn yxo nonocfafonno hpunnokafoninwm.
1ak, nahpumop, nyncfna noynanu u cnoou nunw, cnnsannwo c hpomnou
fpaionuou, moiyf hpunocfu k fomy, nfo knuonf hopnonananino uso-
pof hponcfannonuo H mnoiomy naynuncn n posynifafo foio cowfun.
Onnako n konuo nononun knuonf moxof ocosnafi, nfo no npomn fpan-
mafunockoio cowfun on nonan nco hpanunino, u y noio moxof cqop-
muponaficn onoo honxonnmoo honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo H no-
nonok, nocfounwu ynaxonun.
Iocno foio kak hcuxofopahonf honfopuf hponcfannonuo, kofopoo
hopnonananino wno xonafoninwm, knuonfa nooxonumo hoompnfi k
oio hpunnfuk unu usmononuk nuo k samono na onoo honxonnmoo
hponcfannonuo. Icuxofopahonf fakxo nonxon ofmonafi, nosnukakf nu
no npomn hopopaofku nonwo honoxufoninwo hponcfannonun, onoo
honosnwo nnn uonou hcuxofopahuu, unu xo hpocfo ycununakfcn hpo-
xnuo. hocnonnom cnynao hcuxofopahonf nonxon mniko hponnoxufi
knuonfy nonoo honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo, ocfannnn omy nosmox-
nocfi noiko ofnopinyfi fakoo hponnoxonuo.
Ipunuuhuanino naxno, nfow knuonf cam usupan nnn con onoo
snanumoo honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo. Onnako hcuxofopahonf non-
xon, homoiafi knuonfy n fom hpouocco. io ouonka hpu qopmynupo-
nanuu honoxufoninoio u ofpuuafoninoio hponcfannonun nooxonuma nnn
foio, nfow knuonf oosnanun fo pamku, n kofopwx ynof hpoucxonufi
ohponononuo fux hponcfannonuu, honnonn fakum opasom ufoi hopo-
xunanunm, nosnukakmum hpu hopopaofko. Iponnaian nosmoxnoo
honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo, no nwckasannoo hopnonananino knuon-
fom, hcuxofopahonf nonxon fmafonino ohpononufi oio ipanuuw u pac-
cmafpunafi kak ucknknufonino kchopumonfaninoo hponhonoxonuo.
3noci nof xocfkux kpufopuon, fak kak hopnoumou uonik nnnnofcn o-
pofonuo knuonfom nyncfna cocfnonnou qqokfunnocfu. cnu knuonf
hpunumaof fo hponhonoxonuo, fo hocno ouonku nonoio hponcfanno-
2i2
nun ho Hkano coofnofcfnun hponcfannonuu, cfanun uncfannnuuu mo-
xof hpononxaficn.
cnu knuonf hpunumaof hopnonananinoo honoxufoninoo hponcfanno-
nuo, hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo hponnoxufi ouonufi oio ho Hkano
coofnofcfnun hponcfannonuu, nfow ohpononufi, nackoniko ono ynyn-
munoci: "Kak nu 4ync1nyc1c a1n cnuna, uucnn1c n annax u1 1 {uunnuc1t
nc cuu1nc1c1nyc1) u 7 {uunnuc1t cuu1nc1c1nyc1)?" cnu ouonka no
ynynmunaci, fo honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo nonxno wfi uccnonona-
no honfopno. 1akum opasom, nmocfo c hpoucxonnmou hopopaofkou un-
qopmauuu y knuonfa nonxno ynonunuficn nyncfno cocfnonnou qqok-
funnocfu, nfo ofpaxaofcn na ycunonuu honoxufoninoio hponcfannonun.
cnu foio no hpoucxonuf, fo ckopoo ncoio hponnoxonnoo honoxufoni-
noo hponcfannonuo nnnnofcn nohonxonnmum u oio cnonyof samonufi.
Iocno foio kak cfohoni coofnofcfnun hponcfannonun hponopona, us-
pannoo honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo cnnswnaofcn c hponmocfnonan-
mum fpanmafunockum cowfuom. Koina knuonfy naofcn uncfpykuun
nymafi o fpanmafunockom cowfuu, nosnukakf nuo oio hopnonanani-
nwu opas, nuo oio nwnomnuo hponnnonun. annan uncfpykuun no-
cuf omuu xapakfop, hockoniky hopnonananinwu opas moi yxo ucnos-
nyfi unu wfi samomonnwm onoo ymocfnwm counac opasom. 3afom
knuonfy hponnaiakf ynopxunafi n cosnanuu fof opas (a ocnu fakoio
opasa nof, fo hpocfo nymafi o fom), honfopnn hpo con honoxu-
foninoo hponcfannonuo. Icuxofopahonf ionopuf: "yva1c u 1panva1n-
4cckuv cuu1nn, ycpxnnau cru n cuinannn nvcc1c cu cnunavn ]ucnxu-
1cpaucn1 uun1upuc1 uunuxn1cntnuc upcc1anncnnc|", hocno noio knuonfa
hpononnf nopos nonyk copuk nnuxonuu inas. 3afom hcuxofopahonf cnona
hponopnof ypononi ho Hkano coofnofcfnun hponcfannonun, u copuu nnu-
xonuu inas honfopnkfcn no fox hop, hoka ypononi ho Hkano coofnof-
cfnun hponcfannonuu no nocfuinof ?, f.o. honnocfik coofnofcfnyof.
Iocno foio kak knuonf ouonun honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo n ? an-
non, copuu nnuxonuu honfopnkfcn no fox hop, hoka coofnofcfnuo hpon-
cfannonun u nyncfno oio hpuionnocfu no nocfuinyf makcumyma. Hacfo
wnaof honosno chouuanino honiofonufi knuonfa, nfow on moi ohpo-
nonufi, nyncfnyofcn nu nwckaswnanuo onoo cuninwm unu onoo
hponnwm. cnu unqopmauun hpononxaof hponnuiaficn nanimo ho
ponicam hopopaofku, fo copuu nnuxonuu inas nonxnw wfi honfo-
ponw nnn nospacfanun y knuonfa honoxufoninou camoouonku.
cnu xo ypononi ho Hkano coofnofcfnun hponcfannonuu no honnu-
maofcn nwmo 5 unu 6, fo knuonfy nooxonumo sanafi nohpoc: "H1u upc-
uu1c1nyc1, 41uu cuu1nc1c1nnc upcc1anncnnu uc1nrnu 7 annun?" Own-
no knuonf hpu fom coomaof o sanokuponannwx yoxnonunx, kofo-
pwo moiyf wfi nocima honoxufoninwmu nahpumop: H nonxon hpou-
fu nopos fo, nfow yonuficn n oio ucfunnocfu, unu xo nucqynk-
2iJ
uuonaninwmu, kak, nahpumop: H no sacnyxunak foio, nfow wfi
snoponwm. Koina knuonf hpunonuf osnponnoo nwckaswnanuo, n
kofopom no conopxufcn nukakou hponomnocfu, hcuxofopahonfy noo-
xonumo hopoxonufi k cnonykmou cfanuu ckanuponanuk fona. cnu
packpwnaofcn sanokuponannoo nucqynkuuonaninoo yoxnonuo, fo hcu-
xofopahonfy nooxonumo uspafi oio n kanocfno uonu hopopaofku, hpu-
monnn honnwu kypc II-hcuxofopahuu k accouuafunno cnnsannwm
nochomunanunm, noxamum n ocnono ofpuuafoninou camoouonku.
Ownno, no fox hop hoka no ynyf hopopaofanw pannuo nochomu-
nanun, hopoxnakmuo sanokuponannocfi nucqynkuuu, ychox nononun
hopnonananinou fpanmw, uspannou n kanocfno uonu, no moxof wfi
nocfuinyf. Koina sanokuponannwo pannuo nochomunanun hopopaa-
fwnakfcn c homomik noconcuunusauuu, uncfannnuuu u ckanupona-
nun fona, hcuxofopahonf hpuopofaof nosmoxnocfi hopoouonufi hop-
nonananinoo uononoo nochomunanuo u sanopmufi cfanuk uncfannnuuu.
Onnako ownno us-sa oipanunonnocfu npomonu hcuxofopahonfy hpuxo-
nufcn xnafi cnonykmoio coanca, nfow nanafi hcuxofopahuk c nonwm
pannum nochomunanuom. fom cnynao nooxonumo nocfu hpouocc k
cfanuu sanopmonun (munyn cfanuk ckanuponanun fona) u safom hpono-
cfu ocoonno fmafoninoo ocyxnonuo. kou nosanopmonnwu coanc
moxof hpunocfu k honwmonuk yponnn ochokoucfna n hopuon moxny
coancamu, u hofomy os sanopmonun ckanuponanun fona nononuo no
moxof cnufaficn ychomnwm.
C1anu mcc1au: ckannpunannc 1cna
Mononi yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu, uchonisykmancn n
hpakfuko II, hponhonaiaof, nfo nucqynkuuonaninwu mafopuan
moxof umofi samofnwu posonanc na qusunockom yponno (qusunockuo
omymonun n fono, cnnsannwo c koinufunnwmu hpouoccamu) u cam fof
posonanc moxof wfi uspan n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun. Iofomy
mocfan cfanun hcuxofopahuu, sanopmakmancn yckoponnou hopopaof-
kou, cocponofonona n hopnyk onoponi na nahpnxonnocfu n fono.
Koina honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo nocfuiaof nakonou ? annon ho
Hkano coofnofcfnun hponcfannonuu (unu, moxof wfi, 6 annon, ocnu
fo konoiunocku nanunno nnn nannoio knuonfa) u no ycununaofcn ho
mopo hponononun nohonnufoninwx copuu nnuxonuu, knuonfy hponna-
iakf ynopxunafi n cosnanuu kak opas, fak u hponcfannonuo, mwcnonno
ckanupyn nco cnoo fono:
"3akpu1c rnaia n ycpxnna1c n cuinannn ucpnuna4antnuc
nucuuvnnannc n uunuxn1cntnuc upcc1anncnnc. 3a1cv upama1c
2i4
cnuc nnnvannc k painn4nuv 4ac1uv namcru 1cna, na4nnau c
rununu n uuc1cucnnu uuyckauct nnni. Cuuma1c vnc uu nccx
vcc1ax, n ku1upux nu unapyxn1c kakuc-nnu naupuxcnnc,
iaxa1uc1t nnn nuc pyrnc ncuu4nuc umymcnnu".
cnu knuonf ionopuf o noownnwx qusunockux omymonunx, onu
nonxnw wfi uspanw n kanocfno uonu nnn naninoumou hopopaofku.
Ofu omymonun moiyf ucnosafi hocno nockonikux hocnononafoninwx
copuu nnuxonuu. Kpomo foio, cocponofononuo na fonocnwx omymonunx
moxof ofkpwnafi npyiuo kananw unqopmauuu, kofopwo nonxnw wfi
hpounonw. Onu moiyf nknknafi n con nyncfna inona unu iopn, cnn-
sannwo c fom, nfo hafonoiun hpononxaof cymocfnonafi cfoni nnufoni-
noo npomn. Ckanuponanuo fona moxof fakxo nwnnufi ocnonnwo onac-
fu cohpofunnonun, cnnsannwo co cfpaxom knuonfa hopon usmononunmu
n posynifafo hopopaofku u ocnooxnonuom of cnoou hafonoiuu. Kpo-
mo foio, ckanuponanuo fona moxof packpwnafi u npyiuo accouuafun-
nwo cofu, conopxamuo nucqynkuuonaninwu mafopuan.
axnocfi cfanuu ckanuponanun fona nonisn hopoouonufi. Ofo xo-
pomo unnkcfpupyof hpumop xonmunw, hpoxonunmou nononuo of fpo-
noxnocfu, uchwfwnaomou ok no npomn nwcfyhnonuu, u ychomno ho-
popaofanmou nochomunanun o fom, kak ona cunino samopsna no npomn
hposonfauuu. whonnnn ckanuponanuo fona, ona coomuna o cfpan-
nom omymonuu n onacfu honcnuuw, kofopoo hwfanaci oncnufi fom,
nfo ononi nonio cunona nohonnuxno no npomn coanca. Onnako koina fo
omymonuo wno uspano n kanocfno uonu nnn hocnononafoninwx copuu
nnuxonuu inas, knuonfka nnosahno nckpuknyna of foio, nfo y noo n
hamnfu nchnwn opas oo nnnu, hponnnnnmoio koina-fo k nou cokcyani-
nwo nomoiafonicfna, on honanun oo na kponafi, cxnafun pykamu sa
honcnuuy. 1akyk accouuauuk no hponnunonu nu hcuxofopahonf, nu
knuonfka. ucqynkuuonaninwu mafopuan, accouuupykmuucn c sann-
nonnwmu xanoamu na fponoxnocfi no npomn nwcfyhnonuu (f.o. noc-
homunanuo knuonfku o fom, kak on samopsna no npomn hposonfauuu),
noiunocku cnnsancn c nochomunanunmu o cokcyaninwx nomoiafonicfnax,
koina ona uchwfwnana fponoxnocfi u nucfpocc, okasanmuci n fakou
ponu. Xofn fo nochomunanuo hpoxno no wno nckpwfo, hononwo
hponmocfnykmuo cowfun nacfo okaswnakfcn hpununou nwnomnux,
kasanoci w, conopmonno osounnwx xano. Icuxofopahonf, konon-
no, no nonxon nucfo anfomafunocku hponhonaiafi, nfo n ocnono ncox
nwnomnux xano noxuf kakou-fo unou, onoo pannuu fpanmafunoc-
kuu mafopuan, no omy cnonyof wfi iofonwm k fomy, nfo fakou mafo-
puan moxof chonfanno hponnuficn no npomn hcuxofopahuu. Ofof hpu-
Hipa cnon: porIorm (nwcfyhafi n ponu) u porIormanco (nwcfyhnonuo).
1pu+. nepeoo0uuiu.
2i5
mop omo pas honnopkunaof nooxonumocfi hcuxofopahonfunockoio nsa-
umonoucfnun hcuxofopahonfa u knuonfa, a fakxo naxnocfi iukocfu n
hpunnfuu hcuxofopahonfunockux pomonuu.
Cfanun ckanuponanun fona n II-hcuxofopahuu sanopmaofcn, koi-
na knuonf, ynopxunan n cosnanuu onnonpomonno u uononoo cowfuo, u
honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo, hpu mwcnonnom ckanuponanuu cnooio
fona no onapyxunaof nukakoio ocfafonnoio nahpnxonun. cnu knuonf
coomaof o honoxufoninwx unu komqopfnwx omymonunx, nonxnw wfi
hponononw copuu nnuxonuu inas nnn ycunonun fux omymonuu.
C1anu cctvau: iancpmcnnc
Icuxofopahonf nonxon hpononufi onucfky kananon nucqynkuuonani-
nou unqopmauuu ononi fmafonino, u nnn foio nonxno wfi hponyc-
mofpono nooxonumoo npomn. Xofn ownno O-munyfnoio coanca nnn
ychomnou hopopaofku camoio fpanmafunockoio mafopuana, cnnsanno-
io c ofnoninwm nochomunanuom, nhonno nocfafonno, fak wnaof no
ncoina. Iofomy hcuxofopahonf nonxon ocfannnfi npomn nnn sanopmo-
nun coanca c honoxufoninwmu uncfpykuunmu, ocfannnkmumu knuonfa
n komqopfnom cocfonnuu.
Icuxofopahonf nukoina no nonxon hosnonnfi knuonfy hokunafi ka-
unof n cocfonnuu cuninoio ochokoucfna unu hpu nosanopmonnom of-
poaiuponanuu. Iofomy ocnu no konua coanca ocfaofcn nockoniko mu-
nyf, nonwu kanan nc unxcn usupaficn n kanocfno uonu u ckanupona-
nuo fona nc unxnu hpousnonuficn. Knuonf moxof nyncfnonafi con no-
cfafonno ychokoonnwm hocno ychomnou hopopaofku ofnoninoio kanana
u moxof honynufi hcuxofopahonfunockuu uncauf, ofnocnmuucn k on-
nou us accouuafunnwx uohou. Kpomo foio, on moxof uchwfwnafi nyn-
cfno naiohonynun, nocfuian yponnn n ? annon ho Hkano coofnofcfnun
hponcfannonun n cnnsu c honnnonuom nonwx honoxufoninwx kanocfn.
Onnako uspanuo n kanocfno uonu nonoio kanana nuo fonocnoio na-
hpnxonun, nckpwfoio hpu ckanuponanuu fona, moxof hponnufi nonyk
uohi accouuauuu, nnn hopopaofku kofopou hofpoyofcn npomn.
Bu1yuau1uun
cnu n konuo hcuxofopahonfunockoio coanca knuonf hponnnnof hpu-
snaku ochokoucfna unu hpononxaof ofpoaiuponanuo, hcuxofopahonfy
nooxonumo hpumonufi iuhnos unu nahpannnomyk nusyanusauuk, nfo-
w nopnyfi oio n komqopfnoo cocfonnuo. Yhpaxnonuo osohacnoo mo-
cfo, ohucannoo n inano 5, moxof hpumonnficn nnn onimuncfna
2i6
knuonfon II, fak kak ocfi mnoionucnonnwo coomonun o oio hono-
xufoninwx qqokfax. Kpomo foio, hcuxofopahonfw moiyf uchoniso-
nafi qpaimonfw aynuosahucou, hoponucnonnwx n konuo knuiu n chuc-
ko nufopafypw (nahpumop, MIIIor, i4), u chouuaninwo yhpaxnonun
nnn sanopmonun coanca, osop kofopwx hpunonufcn n inano .
Ha sanopmakmou cfanuu hpouocca nynmo uchonisonafi hponoponnwu
mofon ponakcauuu, nom kchopumonfuponafi c nonwmu mofonamu.
Oenuounue be1onucnocmu
Iocno hpumononun foxnuku nahpannnomoio noopaxonun hcuxofo-
pahonf nonxon ouonufi cocfonnuo knuonfa, nfow nwnnufi nosmoxnwo
nuccouuauuu, hpohnfcfnykmuo oio nosnpamonuk n snoci u counac.
Hnoina knuonfy nyxno nokofopoo npomn honoxnafi n komnafo nnn ho-
cofufonou, hoka hcuxofopahonf pomuf, nfo hofonuuaninou ohacnocfu
yxo nof.
pomonamu knuonfy moxof honanouficn homomi n sanopmonuu
nosakonnonnoio hpouocca ohponononun uonu no yponnn, c kofopwm
moxno ynof paofafi no npomn cnonykmoio coanca. Hnoina (nononi-
no ponko) nooxonumo omo pas ncfpofuficn c knuonfom n fof xo noni
c uonik sanopmonun hopopaofku unu xo nasnanufi ncfpony n fononuo
nononu.
Ownno pokomonnyofcn nononinwu cpok moxny coancamu, nfow sa
fo npomn nafi knuonfy nosmoxnocfi hpounfoipuponafi hponnunmuucn
mafopuan u unonfuquuuponafi nonwo uonu. Onnako c nokofopwmu
knuonfamu nooxonumo ncfponaficn u namo, ocoonno n fox cnynanx,
koina hponnnnkfcn mnoionucnonnwo ochokonmuo nochomunanun unu
ocnu knuonf naxonufcn n cocfonnuu cuninoio nucfpocca ncnoncfnuo
nosanopmonnocfu hcuxofopahonfunockoio coanca. Icuxofopahonf non-
xon ouonufi hofonuuaninyk nosmoxnocfi nosnuknononun y nannoio
knuonfa nwcokoio yponnn ochokoucfna u hpu nooxonumocfu nasnanufi
omy ho fonoqony ncfpony, nfow nwncnufi, kak on con nyncfnyof.
3uoepmenue ceuncu u oe0enue aunnmx 1unuceu
konuo kaxnoio coanca c kaxnwm knuonfom nooxonumo hpono-
nufi honponoo ocyxnonuo. 1akoo ocyxnonuo ocoonno naxno, koi-
na fpanmafunockuu mafopuan hopopaofan no honnocfik, fak kak n
fom cnynao nocima nonuka noponfnocfi foio, nfo hopopaofka ynof
hpononxaficn moxny coancamu u coxpanufcn nwcokuu ypononi ocho-
2i?
koucfna. nn foio nfow ymonimufi cfohoni ochokoucfna knuonfa,
hcuxofopahonf nonxon ckasafi omy, nfo no npomn cnonykmoio coanca on
cnona cmoxof opafuficn k uspannomy n kanocfno uonu fpanmafunoc-
komy cowfuk.
konuo kaxnoio coanca naxno nahomunafi knuonfy, nfow on sa-
hucwnan ochokonmuo oio nochomunanun, cnonunonun, mwcnu u cu-
fyauuu. 1akou nnonnuk homoxof hcuxofopahonfy nwnnufi nonwo uonu.
Kpomo foio, hcuxofopahonf nonxon umofi nosmoxnocfi uchonisonafi
sahucu n nnonnuko nnn unonfuqukauuu nkwx nucqynkuuonaninwx haf-
fopnon unu qopm honononun, usupaomwx safom n kanocfno uonu.
Knuonfy nooxonumo ckasafi, nfo nnn noio naxno no foniko nocfa-
fonno wcfpo hponnuiaficn n nononuu, no u nfo cfohoni oio fponox-
nocfu n naninoumom ynof sanucofi of foio, nackoniko akfunno on ynof
ynacfnonafi n hpouocco hopopaofku. Ofo hapanokcaninoo yfnopxnonuo
hosnonnof knuonfy hpunumafi nkoo cnoo ochokoucfno kak nacfi uo-
nufoninoio hpouocca.
cnu ocyxnonuo no hpononono nonxnwm opasom, fo knuonf, ho-
nyncfnonan con xopomo hocno coanca, moxof pomufi, nfo ychox yxo
nocfuinyf. Onnako ocnu moxny coancamu nosnuknof ochokoucfno, on
moxof pomufi, nfo nochocoon nu na nfo xopomoo. Xofn ocyxno-
nuo ownno hpononufcn nnn oochononun poanucfunockux oxunanuu,
knuonfw c nuskum yponnom camoynaxonun ynyf paccmafpunafi fo kak
omo onun hpusnak cnooio hponana u y nux naxo moiyf nosnukafi cyu-
uunaninwo mwcnu.
2usnonno naxno, nfow knuonfw honumanu, nfo ux ochokoucfno,
nosanucumo of oio hpuponw, hpocfo hponcfannnof coou hpononxonuo
qqokfa nomuno, nosnukakmoio hpu II. Hnoina moiyf honnnnfi-
cn opasw u nochomunanun, a unoina foniko ochokonmuo nocho-
munanun. no sanucumocfu of hpuponw nucfpocca knuonfy nooxonu-
mo hpocfo kpafko oio ohucafi, no hpunanan ocooio snanonun hpouc-
xonnmomy, a safom hponnoxufi yhpaxnonuo na ponakcauuk. cnu y
knuonfa ocfi nohpocw, on moxof sanafi ux hcuxofopahonfy. Iosynifa-
fom hpanunino hponononnoio ocyxnonun ynof ymonimonuo konuno-
cfna cponnwx nwsonon ho fonoqony (ux moxof cfafi naxo monimo, nom
wno ownno y foio hcuxofopahonfa). Xopomo honiofonnonnwu knu-
onf moxof hpocfo nanknafi nucfpocc, nmocfo foio nfow wfi hoino-
monnwm um.
mo onna hpununa, ho kofopou knuonfy hponnaiakf nocfu nnonnuk,
cocfouf n fom, nfo fo naof omy nohonnufoninwu choco nucfanuupo-
naficn of ochokoucfna, nosnukakmoio n unfopnano moxny coancamu.
Hanknan cocfnonnwu nucfpocc, knuonf monnanuno oynaofcn fomy,
nfo on cam nnnnofcn nom-fo onimum, nom oio hafonoiun. my hpon-
2i8
naiaofcn kak w cnonafi momonfaninwu cnumok cnooio ochokoucfna,
kpafko ohucwnan fo, nfo oio nwswnaof, a fakxo nkwo chouuqunoc-
kuo mwcnu, mouuu, qusunockuo omymonun unu opasw, nosnukak-
muo n fo npomn n ymo. Ofo naof nosmoxnocfi knuonfy nanknafi cnou
cocfnonnwo haffopnw u ofnofnwo poakuuu. Kpomo foio, nmocfo uc-
honisonanun yfnopxnonuu fuha H nahyian knuonfy hponnaiakf unon-
fuquuuponafi komhononfw cnooio cfpaxa. On nanunaof honumafi, nfo
fakuo mouuu, kak cfpax, cfwn unu inon, noucfnufonino hponmocfny-
kf qusunockum omymonunm, kofopwo moiyf wfi ohucanw unu usmo-
nonw. 1akou hpouocc naynonun n naninoumom nwhonnnofcn c homo-
mik ponakcauuonnou aynuosahucu unu yhpaxnonun ho cosnanuk
osohacnoio mocfa hocno foio, kak nooxonuman unqopmauun wna sa-
hucana n nnonnuk.
Knuonfy nof nooxonumocfu sahucwnafi n nnonnuk cnumkom mnoio
nannwx nocfafonno fou unqopmauuu, kofopan hosnonuf omy nchom-
nufi ocfonfonicfna nosnuknononun ochokoucfna nnn ux ocyxnonun
u nosmoxnoio uspanun n kanocfno uonu no npomn cnonykmoio coanca.
3ahucu n nnonnuko moiyf ofpaxafi cnonunonun, hpomnwo cowfun,
nacfonmuo cufyauuu unu cfpaxu, cnnsannwo c ynymum. Hfow ca-
nancuponafi sahucu, nooxonumo hponnoxufi knuonfy sahucwnafi u nco
hpunfnoo, nfo ynof nosnukafi y noio. Ionoxufoninwo uncaufw fak-
xo nocima honosnw nnn hnanuponanun nononun u ohponononun oio na-
hpannonun.
Xofn y hcuxofopahonfa moxof wfi hopononi fpanm knuonfa, ycfa-
nonnonnwx no npomn ohponononun anamnosa, nukakuo nonwo fpanma-
funockuo nochomunanun no nonxnw usupaficn n kanocfno uonu no fox
hop, hoka no hpokpafnfcn ocnonnwo ofpaxonun cfapwx cowfuu. Hnw-
mu cnonamu, ocnu y knuonfa nanknakfcn mnoionucnonnwo nonnwo
kommapw, nocomnonno cnnsannwo c cowfuom, hopopaofka kofopo-
io hpousnonufcn, fo hcuxofopahonf ynof usupafi ux n kanocfno uonu
no npomn cnonykmoio coanca. cnu hpu fom nosnukaof pnn accouua-
funno cnnsannwx opason unu ocnu knuonf coomaof o nonom nunonuu
hopnonananinou uonu, nyxnakmomcn n nohonnufoninom nnumanuu, fo
hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo homoni omy hopopaofafi nannwu mafopu-
an no nononun nonou fpanmw. axno ocfanufi knuonfa n cocfonnuu
hcuxonoiunockou ypannonomonnocfu. cnu naninoumuo hponnnonun
hopnonananinou uonu hpononxakf ochokoufi, fo k num nooxonumo
opafuficn no foio, kak nannofcn hopopaofka nonoio fpanmafunocko-
io mafopuana, choconoio nwsnafi nohonnufoninwu nucfpocc. Onna-
ko ocnu nosnukaof nonoo ochokonmoo nnnonuo, k nomy fakxo nooxo-
numo ofnocuficn kak k hponnnonuk qqokfa nomuno. Iocno foio
sahucu knuonfa nonxnw wfi uchonisonanw nnn ohponononun uonu no
npomn cnonykmoio coanca.
2i
Ha nananinwx cfanunx II-hcuxofopahuu yhop nonaofcn na nono-
nuu nauonoo nucqynkuuonaninwx nochomunanuu, nnnnkmuxcn ocno-
nou hafonoiuu. Hsynonuo ucfopuu knuonfa u sahucou n oio nnonnuko
packpwnakf onimuncfno ofnocnmuxcn k nony uonou, n fom nucno oc-
hokonmuo nochomunanun, cnonunonun u accouuafunno cnnsannwo c
fum cowfun. aninoumoo uchonisonanuo sahucou knuonfa n nnonnuko
paccmofpono n inano 8.
Hokofopwo knuonfw nomoncfpupykf nocima nosnanufoninwo usmo-
nonun (unu ux honnoo ofcyfcfnuo) no npomn hopopaofku. Hocmofpn na
fo, hcuxofopahonf nonxon hponocfu coofnofcfnykmoo ocyxnonuo u
nafi uncfpykuuu ho nononuk sahucou n nnonnuko, naxo ocnu nof ono-
nunnwx hpusnakon foio, nfo hopopaofka wna sanopmona. Hof nuno-
io noownnoio n fom, nfo knuonf no npomn coanca hponnnnof ofnocu-
foninoo cohpofunnonuo nononuk u hopopaafwnaof mafopuan hosnnoo.
Onnako fakan nooxunanno nanunakmancn hopopaofka moxof nwswnafi
ononi cuninoo ochokoucfno, u hcuxofopahonf nonxon sanopufi knu-
onfa n honnou osohacnocfu nno sanucumocfu of konunocfna usmono-
nuu, nanknaomwx no npomn coanca.
Hooxonumo hoompnfi oxonnonnoo uchonisonanuo cnuxakmou
cfpocc aynuosahucu, cnyxamou nnn paccnanonun u n kanocfno uncf-
pymonfa nosnoucfnun na ochokonmuo mouuu u mwcnu. Yhpaxnonun
ho ponakcauuu unu nahpannnomou nusyanusauuu nnn onimuncfna knu-
onfon moiyf cfafi onoo qqokfunnou homomik, nom hohwfku hpous-
nocfu koinufunnwo unu honononnockuo usmononun os coofnofcfnykmou
honnopxku. cnu hponakmuocn n fopionou cofu sahucu okaswnakfcn
nonocfyhnwmu unu nohonxonnmumu, hcuxofopahonf moxof cam cnonafi
aynuosahuci onnou us foxnuk sanopmonun hcuxofopahuu, hpunonumwx
n inano , nfow knuonf moi honisonaficn noma fou kaccofou.
cfocfnonno, knuonfy cnonyof ckasafi, nfo on nonxon honiofonuficn
k nkwm nosmoxnwm usmononunm n mouunx unu xo, naoopof, k
ofcyfcfnuk usmononuu. Icuxofopahonfy nooxonumo hohwfaficn nny-
mufi knuonfy nyncfno hpunnfun u ookfunnocfu (Iyfi hpoucxonuf
fo, nfo hpoucxonuf, a nw hpocfo nanknaufo sa fum), nfow knu-
onf chouuanino no cfpomuncn k usmononunm u no hwfancn qopcupo-
nafi ux n hopuon moxny coancamu. nn mnoiux unnununon npomn mox-
ny coancamu nnnnofcn hopuonom nohonnufoninwx uncaufon; nnn npyiux
fo moxof wfi npomonom xaofunockux nyncfn u mouuu. Xofn hcuxo-
fopahonf moxof nanonficn na honnnonuo hpusnakon ychomnou hopopa-
ofku c nosnuknononuom nonwx uncaufon u qopm honononun, n fom
cnynao, ocnu knuonfw hponnnnkf nopoanucfunnwo unu nposmopnwo
oxunanun, nkou honosnwu qqokf hcuxofopahuu ckopoo ncoio ynof
22O
honopnan. Ipu honnononuu ufoion hcuxofopahonf ionopuf hpumopno
cnonykmoo:
"Hcpcxnnannu vury1 upuunnu1tcu y nac, a vury1 n nc upu-
unnu1tcu. cnn a1u upuncxun1, upckpacnu. 3aunmn1c ncc upu-
ncxuumcc. Mu cvuxcv ncuuntiuna1t a1u n ka4cc1nc ucnn na
cncymcv ccancc. cnn ncununa1 nunuc nucuuvnnannu,
cnunncnnu nnn cn1yaunn, ccuukuumnc nac, upuc1u ccna1c
xupumn "vuvcn1antnu cnnvuk". Hc1 ncuxunvuc1n upn-
nun1t vnuru uupunuc1c. Hpuc1u ccna1c kpa1ky iaunct,
ku1upau nauuvnn1 nav u upuncxunnmcv, ccnn vu iaxu1nv
ncuuntiuna1t a1u n cncymn pai n ka4cc1nc ucnn. Tu xc
cavuc u1nucn1cu k nuvn uunuxn1cntnuv cnunncnnuv nnn
cn1yaunuv. 8 cny4ac nuinnknuncnnu u1pnua1cntnux 4ync1n
c1apa1cct nc upnana1t nv ina4cnnu. Huvnn1c, ncc a1u yxc
n upumnuv. Hpuc1u iaunmn1c nx nu cncymcru paia. 3a1cv
ncuuntiy1c pcnakcaununny aynuiaunct nnn nuuunnn1c yu-
paxncnnc "ciuuacnuc vcc1u", 41uu uuinunn1t vakcnvant-
nuvy kunn4cc1ny 1panva1n4cckuru va1cpnana y1n ni uunu
cuinannu. 8 nuv cny4ac ncuuntiy1c aynuiaunct kaxu
cnt n inunn1c vnc, kak 1untku uu4ync1nyc1c ncuxunvuc1t".
Xofn na fom sakannunaofcn unnununyaninwu coanc, II-hcuxo-
fopahun no moxof wfi sanopmona os ynononun nonxnoio nnumanun
cfanuu hopoouonku. II no nnnnofcn hcuxofopahuou, hpononumou
ncoio numi sa onun coanc, u hcuxofopahonf nonxon hpucfyhafi k nono-
nuk knuonfa foniko foina, koina hpunnfw nco nooxonumwo mopw c
ynofom nosmoxnwx hocnoncfnuu u hpanunino ouononw hofonuuaninwo
nyxnw knuonfa. cnu naxo nosnukaof nhonafnonuo, nfo knuonf ychom-
no hopopaofan fpanmy, cnnsannyk c ofnoninwm cowfuom, nnunmumcn
hpununou opamonun k hcuxofopahonfy, nopos nononk nonxon wfi
hponycmofpon cnonykmuu hcuxofopahonfunockuu coanc. bos fakou
ncfponu nospacfaof noponfnocfi, nfo y knuonfa moxof honnuficn nyn-
cfno noynanu hpu nosnuknononuu nonwx achokfon fpanmafunockoio noc-
homunanun, nyxnakmuxcn n hcuxofopahuu; knuonf moxof nyncfnonafi
con oockypaxonnwm u omy moxof honanouficn naninouman homomi.
bonimuncfno knuonfon choconw xopomo honumafi nooxonumocfi
sanopmufi nco nocomi cfanuu hpouocca II, ocoonno ocnu hcuxofo-
pahonf cpannunaof fo c nooxonumocfik nwhufi nck yfwnonky hpon-
hucannoio npanom anfuuofuka, nnn foio nfow cfan samofon posyni-
faf nononun.
22i
Hpak1nka uu nancnncv
Iopon fom kak hpucfyhufi k nononuk knuonfon, hcuxofopahonfy
moxno pokomonnonafi hopaofafi hon nanknonuom ohwfnoio uncfpyk-
fopa ho II n noonimou ipyhho, nfow hpumonufi na hpakfuko
usnoxonnyk snoci unqopmauuk, usupan n kanocfno uonu cfapwo noc-
homunanun c yponnom ochokoucfna hopnnka 5 annon ho Hkano Cb.
Koina hcuxofopahonf honyncfnyof con ynoponnwm n nononuu ochokou-
cfna fakoio yponnn, on moxof hpucfyhafi k nohocponcfnonnou hpak-
fuko, uchonisyn cnonykmuo inanw kak pykononcfno nnn nononun onoo
ochokonmux nochomunanuu, ouononnwx ho Hkano Cb n ? annon unu
naxo nwmo.
H1urn n nunuu
oconcuunusauun, uncfannuun u ckanuponanuo fona nnnnkfcn cfa-
nunmu yckoponnou hopopaofku. 1akoo pasnononuo moxof wfi honos-
nwm, onnako ymonimonuo ochokoucfna, hopocfpykfypuponanuo hono-
xufoninou afpuyuuu u ymonimonuo nahpnxonnocfu n fono nnnnkfcn
nacfik omoio qqokfa hopopaofku.
o npomn noconcuunusauuu hcuxofopahonf ynonnof nnumanuo onu-
cfko kananon nucqynkuuonaninou unqopmauuu, accouuupykmoucn c
uonik. konuo fou cfanuu knuonf nonxon umofi nosmoxnocfi co-
cponofonunaficn na uspannom n kanocfno uonu fpanmafunockom cow-
fuu c ouonkou ho Hkano Cb no onoo O unu i anna.
Cfanun uncfannnuuu cnnswnaof noonuno nauonoo anahfunnwo ho-
noxufoninwo hponcfannonun c hopnonananinou uonik u ouonunaof
coofnofcfnuo hponcfannonun n 6 unu ? annon ho Hkano coofnofcfnun
hponcfannonuu (unu nwmo, ocnu honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo hpo-
nonxaof ycununaficn). Ipu ouonko cfohonu coofnofcfnun hponcfanno-
nun naxno hpunumafi no nnumanuo nwnomnuo xusnonnwo ocfonfoni-
cfna knuonfa, nfow honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo wno nnn noio
konoiunocku nanunnwm. C nkwmu sanokuponannwmu panoo yox-
nonunmu, nckpwnaomwmu na nannou cfanuu, nooxonumo hpononufi
ofnoninyk hcuxofopahonfunockyk paofy.
Ckanuponanuo fona hpononufcn nnn foio, nfow knuonf moi ouo-
nufi hpucyfcfnuo ocfafonnwx qusunockux nahpnxonuu hpu onnonpo-
monnom ynopxunanuu n cosnanuu uspannoio n kanocfno uonu fpanma-
funockoio cowfun u honoxufoninoio hponcfannonun. Omymonun n fono
nonxnw wfi hopopaofanw c homomik nohonnufoninwx copuu nnu-
xonuu inas, packpwnakmux npyiuo kananw nucqynkuuonaninou un-
qopmauuu, nknknakmou n con cfpaxu, inon, honani unu cohpofun-
nonuo usmononunm. Ipu sanopmonnom nononuu ckanuponanuo fona no
nonxno hokaswnafi kakux-nuo nahpnxonuu unu accouuupykmuxcn c
numu omymonuu n fono.
konuo coanca hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo ouonufi, nackoniko
cocfonnuo knuonfa osohacno nnn noio, ynufwnan u fo, chocoon nu
on hokunyfi kaunof hcuxofopahonfa u cmoxof nu camocfonfonino chpa-
nuficn c nkwmu mouuonaninwmu ochokoucfnamu, kofopwo moiyf
hponnuficn nhocnoncfnuu. axno, nfow c knuonfom hpononunoci anok-
nafnoo ocyxnonuo, nknknakmoo uchonisonanuo oio nnonnuka u po-
nakcauuonnwx aynuosahucou, fak kak u fo u npyioo hosnonnof omy hpo-
cfo nanknafi sa honnnonuom nkoio nonoio mafopuana (kak no npomn
coancon, fak u moxny numu), no ynynu hoinomonnwm fum mafopua-
nom. cnu knuonfw nyncfnykf, nfo fof mafopuan cnumkom hopohon-
nnof ux unu nfo konfponi sa xonom hpouocca yfpanunaofcn, onu moiyf
hpoxnonpomonno hpopwnafi nononuo. unaninan cfanun nononun, cfa-
nun hopoouonku, nnonuf unnununyaninwu coanc ho hopopaofko n o-
muu konfokcf hnana hcuxofopahuu.
Icuxofopahonfw, nnnnkmuocn nonunkamu n foxnuko II, nonx-
nw uchonisonafi mafopun fou knuiu n cnoou hpakfuko hon nankno-
nuom chouuanucfa ho II, hpomonmoio chouuaninyk honiofonky.
fom cnynao hopnoo uchonisonanuo II nonxno oipanununaficn
nannumu fpanmafunockumu nochomunanunmu, ouonunakmumucn no
nwmo nom n 5 annon ho Hkano Cb.
annan inana ohucwnaof fuhunnoo cfannapfnoo nsaumonoucfnuo hcu-
xofopahonfa u knuonfa, a fakxo ocnonnwo hpouonypw II. bonoo
hponnunyfwo mofonw u pasnunnwo ux napuanfw usnoxonw n cnonykmux
inanax.
22J
7. A6OTA C OTAHO8AHHM
H 6OKAMH
Hama sanana n fom, nfow coxpa-
nnfi copnuo ofkpwfwm naxo n any.
lmuoen .eoun
nannou inano hponcfannonw hcuxofopahonfunockuo cfpafoiuu nnn
coancon II hpu paofo c ocoonno fnxonwmu knuonfamu. Iockoniky
fu cfpafoiuu nnnnkfcn nacfnmu 46-u cfanuu II, mw paccmofpum
ux, hpoxno nom hopoufu k pasopy sanopmakmou cfanuu hopoouonku.
Kak yxo ocyxnanoci n hponwnymux inanax, y nokofopwo knuonfon
ycfoununwu qqokf hopopaofku nocfuiaofcn hpu cocponofononuu na
ofnoninou kapfuno cowfun, n fo npomn kak y npyiux nosnukakf mno-
ionucnonnwo accouuauuu, ofnofnnnkmuocn of hopnonananino uspan-
noio hponmofa nosnoucfnun. konuo kaxnou copuu nnuxonuu inas
knuonfy cnonyof coxpannfi ocosnananuo nosnukakmoio mafopuana nuo
hopomomafi cnoo nnumanuo na nfo-nuo unoo. Kpomo foio, knuonfy
nooxonumo homoni ycfanonufi, na kakux achokfax hponmofa nosnou-
cfnun nooxonumo cocponofonuficn no npomn cnonykmou copuu nnuxo-
nuu inas unu ohpononufi nonyk uoni nosnoucfnun.
wop hcuxofopahonfa n fom cnynao ynof sanucofi of qqokfon,
nanknaomwx no npomn kaxnou us copuu nnuxonuu inas. Ipumopno 4O
npomonu coonunonuo n pannwx hpohopuunx fakux ownnwx komhonon-
fon, kak opas, camohponcfannonuo u omymonun n fono, c nnuxonun-
mu inas chococfnyof honnou hopopaofko. ocfaninwx cnynanx nnn
qqokfunnocfu hcuxofopahuu nooxonumo hpumononuo anifopnafunnwx
hpouonyp.
Cnoxnwo cnynau, kofopwm hocnnmona nannan inana, ofnocnfcn k
knuonfam, y kofopwx ofpoaiuponanuo cnnsano c hopoxunanuom nwco-
koio yponnn ochokoucfna, u k cufyauunm, n kofopwx hopopaofka
hpoxnonpomonno hpuocfanannunaofcn. Kaxnwu coanc II ynukanon
c fonku sponun cyokfunnwx hopoxunanuu knuonfa, no mnoionucnon-
nwo knununockuo nanknonun ykaswnakf na fo, nfo hpu ynannom hcu-
xofopahonfunockom nosnoucfnuu ohponononnan ionopanusauun moxof
hpoucxonufi.
224
O1pcarnpunannc
Ofpoaiuponanuo hponcfannnof coou hofonuuanino nosmoxnyk u
ocfocfnonnyk nacfi unfoipafunnou mouuonaninou u koinufunnou
hopopaofku nkou us uspannwx uonou nosnoucfnun. Ho cnonyof pac-
cmafpunafi ofpoaiuponanuo nu kak nohpomonno nooxonumyk cfanuk
hpouocca, nu kak nonfo nocymocfnonnoo; oio nosnuknononuo cnonyof
hpunumafi kak ocfocfnonnyk unfoipaninyk nacfi cyokfunnou of-
nofnou poakuuu knuonfa hpu hopopaofko nucqynkuuonaninou un-
qopmauuu.
Icuxofopahonf nonxon hocfonnno homnufi (u nahomunafi knuonfy),
nfo uspannwo n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun nochomunanun moxno pac-
cmafpunafi kak cnooio pona komhnokcnwo unqopmauuonnwo opasona-
nun, coxpannomwo n nopnnou cucfomo nmocfo c hamnfik o hopnonanani-
nom nochpunfuu, cymocfnykmou n chouuqunockou qopmo, oycnon-
nonnou cocfonnuom n momonf fpanmafunockoio cowfun. Ipu cfumy-
nuponanuu foio mafopuana knuonf moxof nchomunafi cnou nyncfna u
mwcnu n momonf camoio fpanmafunockoio cowfun. Kpomo foio, mo-
iyf wfi fakxo cfumynuponanw qusunockuo omymonun u mouuu, nn-
nnkmuocn nacfik unqopmauuu o uspannom n kanocfno uonu u hpon-
mofa nosnoucfnun fpanmafunockom cowfuu. Knuonfw moiyf hopoxu-
nafi nco fo c pasnunnou unfoncunnocfik, of honnoio honfoponun hop-
nonananinoio hopoxunanun no ncoio numi cnaoio oio ofpaxonun.
uonfpo coanca II naxonufcn uspanuo n kanocfno uonu u hpon-
mofa nosnoucfnun nucqynkuuonaninou unqopmauuu u opofonuo k nou
nocfyha. 1ak kak cfumynuponanuo unqopmauuu yxo hpousnonono, n
cosnanuo ynof hpunnocuficn hopnonananino no ycnoonnan unqopma-
uun, no hpomonman hpouocc mofaonusma u hopopaofku. cnu fof
hpouocc cohponoxnaofcn nwcokum yponnom ochokoucfna, fo nank-
naofcn hponnnonuo ofpoaiuponanun. Onnako, xofn mw no nonaom nu-
kakux hponhonoxonuu o yponno unfoncunnocfu, nooxonumom nnn yc-
homnou hopopaofku uspannoio n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun nocho-
munanun, knuonfa no cnonyof hoompnfi qopcuponafi ofpoaiuponanuo
unu hwfaficn honannnfi oio. Iohwfku nacunino oipanunufi knuonfa
knununockumu cfannapfamu ynyf foniko hpohnfcfnonafi nocfuxonuk
honnou qqokfunnocfu hcuxofopahuu.
axno ofmofufi chouuqunockuu choco honumanun ofpoaiuponanun
n foxnuko II, fak kak fof fopmun nnn pasnwx hcuxofopahonfon
umoof pasnunnoo snanonuo. Xofn, kak yxo ofmonanoci, hpu II
ofpoaiuponanuo hponhonaiaof nanunuo y knuonfa nwcokoio yponnn oc-
hokoucfna, ono no nknknaof n con nomonfw nuccouuauuu, ownno
nanknaomwo hpu iuhnofunockom ofpoaiuponanuu. Ipu hpanuninom
225
uchonisonanuu II no hpunonuf k honnomy hoipyxonuk n nocho-
munanuo, fak kak knuonf chouuanino honiofonnon k fomy, nfow co-
xpannfi nnounyk qokycuponky kak na ocosnananuu hpomnoio, fak u
na nyncfno osohacnocfu n nacfonmom. Kpomo foio, n ofnunuo of iuh-
nosa, hpu II ofpoaiuponanuo no hpononxaofcn nohpopwnno, of on-
noio minononun k npyiomy n poaninom npomonu honfopnoio hopoxu-
nanun fpanmafunockoio cowfun. (Ipu iuhnoso naxo n cnynanx
chouuanino nnymaomwx npomonnwx uckaxonuu knuonf ownno hocno-
nonafonino hpoxonuf nopos kaxnoo minononuo fpanmafunockoio cow-
fun.) Onnako hcuxofopahonfw, honynunmuo honiofonky kak n II,
fak u n onacfu knununockoio iuhnosa, coinacnw n fom, nfo hpu II
ofpoaiuponanuo hpoucxonuf n nofwpo-hnfi pas wcfpoo, nom hpu iuh-
noso, u nfo knuonf hpu fom hopockakunaof of onnoio knknonoio no-
monfa cowfun k npyiomy. 1ak kak hpu II hopopaofka hpoucxo-
nuf yckoponno, fpanmw paspomakfcn cpannufonino wcfpoo.
o npomn ofpoaiuponanun hcuxofopahonfy cnonyof hosaofuficn o
cosnanuu y knuonfa nyncfna osohacnocfu. Icuxofopahonf nonxon wfi
xopomo snakom co cnynanmu hponnnonuu unfoncunnwx mouuu u hpu
fom ynoponno con nyncfnonafi, no hponnnnn nu cfpaxa, nu ofnpamo-
nun; fo no nonxno nwpaxaficn nu n fono oio ionoca, nu n kakux-nuo
nonopaninwx cuinanax. Knuonf nyxnaofcn n osycnonnom ynaxonuu u
honnopxko fo kacaofcn ncou paofw c foxnukou II, no n oco-
onnocfu naxno no npomn ofpoaiuponanun.
nn hcuxofopahonfa hpunuuhuanino naxno homnufi, nfo cfumynu-
ponanuo uspannwx n kanocfno uonu u hponmofa nosnoucfnun nochomu-
nanuu hosnonnof nwufu na honopxnocfi mouunm, sahonafnonnwm no
npomn fpanmafunockoio cowfun. Hahpumop, xofn knuonfy no npomn
nononun moxof wfi copok nof, on ynof hopoxunafi fakuo xo mouuu,
kofopwo uchwfwnan n nofckom nospacfo. 1ak, yxac u ochomomnocfi,
uchwfannwo n nofwpoxnofnom nospacfo hpu cokcyaninom nomoiafoni-
cfno unu qusunockom nahanonuu, moiyf wfi sanono hopoxufw co ncou
hopnonananinou unfoncunnocfik. Knuonf, hwfanmuucn ofpuuafi fo,
nwcfpaunafi apiopw unu honannnfi cnou cuninwo mouuu na hpofnxo-
nuu J5 nof, nonxon wfi hocfannon n fakuo osohacnwo ycnonun, nfo-
w n hpucyfcfnuu hcuxofopahonfa hopoxufi ux sanono. Ofo ocoonno
naxno hofomy, nfo nyncfno cocfnonnou nunw, nacfo hpucymoo fpan-
mafunockomy ohwfy pannoio nofcfna, moxof wfi nnoni cfumynupona-
no no npomn II. 3anana hcuxofopahonfa cocfouf n fom, nfow ho-
moni knuonfy hopopaofafi pannuu mafopuan os cfpaxa, ofnopxonun
unu noiafunnou ouonku.
1o hcuxofopahonfw, y kofopwx cuninan mouuonaninan poakuun
knuonfa nwswnaof ofnpamonuo, no nonxnw hpumonnfi II, xofn fa
foxnuka moxof hokasaficn um nnanano conopmonno osounnou. Ipu-
226
nunou ononunnwx hponnnonuu ochokoucfna nnnnofcn onno unu nockoni-
ko fpanmafunockux cowfuu n hpomnom. Iofomy nno sanucumocfu of
knununockux oxunanuu uspanuo n kanocfno uonu cymocfnykmux n
nacfonmoo npomn nucqynkuuu moxof hpunocfu k fomy, nfo knuonf ynof
chonfanno hopomomaficn k onoo pannum nochomunanunm, hponnnnn
honnomacmfanoo unfoncunnoo ofpoaiuponanuo. cnu hcuxofopahonf
no honiofonun k fomy knuonfa, fo hocnonnuu moxof hwfaficn honan-
nnfi mouuonaninyk ofnofnyk poakuuk, nfo hpunonuf numi k honfop-
nou fpanmafusauuu.
ckuvcnaunn uu uncr4cnn u1pcarnpunannu
Iokomonnauuu, hpunonumwo n nannou inano, moiyf homoni hcuxo-
fopahonfy hponocfu knuonfa nopos hpouocc ofpoaiuponanun. Hokofo-
pwo nomu, ohucwnaomwo snoci, yxo ynyf snakomw hcuxofopahonfy ho
oio paofo c npyiumu foxnukamu ofpoaiuponanun, a koo-nfo chouuqunno
umonno nnn II. nn foio nfow hcuxofopahonf nyncfnonan con
ynoponno, a knuonf komqopfno, honosno homnufi o cnonykmux
momonfax.
!. ,1,1 nuioe0u ne oi:iouem y i:uenmu 0ucmpecc, u mo:iio cnu+u-
em eeo. Hspannoo n kanocfno hponmofa u uonu nosnoucfnun fpanmafu-
nockoo cowfuo moxof wfi ucfonnukom nucqynkuuonaninocfu n xusnu
knuonfa. Ownno fo okaswnaofcn hpununou oio xano; noiafunnwo
mouuu nosnukakf y noio cnona u cnona (kak na yponno cosnanun, fak
u nuxo oio hopoia) hocno foio, kak hpousomno camo fpanmafunockoo
cowfuo. Ofpoaiuponanuo no npomn II nnnnofcn nopnwm hpusnakom
foio, nfo nucqynkuuonaninwu mafopuan hpoxonuf hopopaofky.
2. Umpeueupoounue ocee0u u+eem cooe nuuu:o, cpe0nuu cmu0uu u :u-
oepmenue. Knununockuo nanknonun ykaswnakf na fo, nfo hpu II
ofpoaiuponanuo pasnunaofcn ononi wcfpo iopasno wcfpoo, nom hpu
uchonisonanuu iuhnosa. Xofn knuonf moxof uchwfwnafi nononino
snanufoninwu ypononi ochokoucfna, ownno ofpoaiuponanuo hponon-
xaofcn nco xo no cfoni nonio, kak hopnonananinoo hopoxunanuo; nuc-
fpocc moxof nanafi wcfpo cnuxaficn yxo na hpofnxonuu hopnwx 2O
munyf. onimuncfno cnynaon fpanmafunockoo nochomunanuo ynof
n ocnonnom hopopaofano na hpofnxonuu cfannapfnoio O-munyfnoio
coanca.
J. t o:imuncmoe c:yuueo ompeueupoounue oo:nuiuem no +epe moeo,
iui npoucxo0um nepepuomiu. Iofomy, koina cfanun ofpoaiuponanun
ychomno sanopmona, ucfonnuk nucqynkuuonaninocfu nuknunupyofcn.
Ofpoaiuponanuo hpu II ofnunaofcn of hononwx poakuuu knuonfa
22?
no npomn hpumononun foxnuk hoipyxonun, kofopwo nonxnw honfopnfi-
cn nocfafonno mnoio pas nnn nocfuxonun samofnoio hcuxofopahonfu-
nockoio qqokfa (Koano & KaIoupoI, i82). o npomn uchonisonanun
fpanuuuonnwx mofonon hcuxofopahuu hpu ocyxnonuu nofckou fpanmw
unu, nahpumop, nonannoio cnynan nacunun y knuonfon moiyf nank-
naficn nposnwnauno nwcokuo yponnu ochokoucfna, u nosnuknononuo
fakux mouuu nnnnofcn nopnwm hpusnakom nucqynkuuonaninocfu. Ipu
II hononwo ochokonmuo mouuu nnnnkfcn hpusnakom fpancqop-
mauuu nwswnakmoio ochokoucfno fpanmafunockoio mafopuana u, co-
ofnofcfnonno, moiyf paccmafpunaficn kak hponnnonun hpouocca noccfa-
nonnonun snoponoio cocfonnun. Ofo no osnanaof, nfo onun coanc, no
npomn kofopoio hpoucxonuno unfoncunnoo ofpoaiuponanuo, nohpomonno
hpunonof k paspomonuk ncoio fpanmafunockoio mafopuana. Ho ocnu
hopopaofka unqopmauuu yxo hpousomna, fo nanknanmuucn panoo
nwcokuu ypononi nucfpocca n hocnonykmux coancax, kak hpanuno, no
hponnnnofcn.
4. 1cuxomepuneomy neoxo0u+o npono:nmi couyocmoue i i:uenmy. cnu
on cam nposmopno hoipyxaofcn n fponoxnwo mouuu unu nyncfno yxa-
ca, cnnsannoio c fpanmafunockum cowfuom knuonfa, fo moxof hpo-
hycfufi naxnwo momonfw nnn hpunnfun pomonun u nmomafonicfna n xon
hpouocca. Knuonf n cnok onoponi paccnufwnaof na fo, nfo hcuxofopa-
honf ynof oochonunafi oio mouuonaninyk cfauninocfi u osohac-
nocfi no npomn ofpoaiuponanun. C npyiou cfoponw, knuonf nyxnaofcn
u n conyncfnuu; ocnu hcuxofopahonf ynof hponnnnfi pannonymuo k cfpa-
nanunm knuonfa, fo fo numi honponuf hcuxofopahonfunockomy hpo-
uoccy.
Opocfu ypannonomonnocfi, nooxonumyk nnn honnopxku knuonfa
no npomn npko nwpaxonnoio nucfpocca, safpynnufonino nnn hcuxofo-
pahonfon, uchonisykmux hpoumymocfnonno koinufunnwo mofonw nmo-
mafonicfna. Hm honosno nchomnufi, kak onu okaswnanu homomi nno-
nam cnoou comiu, hponnnnn honumanuo u cocfpananuo, no n fo xo npomn
cnonocno ouonunan cufyauuk. Hokofopwo hcuxofopahonfw, umokmuo
ohwf paofw c fakumu foxnukamu, kak iuhnos unu nahpannnomoo no-
opaxonuo, iofonnf con k coancam c unfoncunnwm ofpoaiuponanuom,
nusyanusupyn uonufoninwu cnof, okpyxakmuu knuonfa, u hponcfan-
nnn, nfo camu onu naxonnfcn n samumakmou sonofou cqopo. py-
ium hcuxofopahonfam ynaofcn coxpannfi cocfonnuo ypannonomonnou
nohponyoxnonnocfu, hpocfo homnn o fpox hponmocfnykmux hynkfax.
.. ,:n ycu:enun uyocmou e:onucnocmu i:uenmu c:e0yume :o:omo+y
npuou:y. 1ocmynuu no omnomenuu i 0pyeu+ :u0n+ :umi mui, iui xo-
me:oci i, umoi onu nocmynu:u no omnomenuu i mee. Iofomy hcu-
xofopahonfy nooxonumo chpocufi camoio con, kakan honnopxka omy
honanounaci w, ocnu w on wn nnosahno safohnon mouunmu u
228
qusunockumu omymonunmu poonka, honnopiakmoiocn nacunuk. Of-
nof, noponfnoo ncoio, packpoof nokuo naxnwo momonfw, kofopwo u
cosnakf afmocqopy honnopxku u nonopun, nwswnan y knuonfa nyncfno
honnou osohacnocfu. Knuonfa nooxonumo hocfonnno yoxnafi n fom,
nfo hcuxofopahonf chokoon u saofnun, nfo n hpouocco ofpoaiupona-
nun nnn noio nof nunoio nooxunannoio u on honnopxunaof nco oio
hponnnonun (nno sanucumocfu of cfohonu ux unfoncunnocfu), hpunu-
man na con ofnofcfnonnocfi sa osohacnocfi hpoucxonnmoio. Ofo nacf
nosmoxnocfi knuonfy hosnonnfi hpoucxonufi ncomy, nfo hpoucxonuf,
hpocfo ofmonan fpanmafunockuu mafopuan, nosnukakmuu n cosnanuu.
nn cosnanun u coxpanonun fakou afmocqopw hcuxofopahonfy noo-
xonumo honnopxunafi knuonfa no npomn kaxnou copuu nnuxonuu inas,
opamanci k nomy saofnunwm u ychokoufoninwm fonom. Hchoniso-
nanuo cnon fuha a, fo ono unu Xopomo hoompnof knuonfa hpo-
cfo ofmonafi nco hpoucxonnmoo u nahomunaof omy no npomn nnuxonuu
inas, nfo on hopoxunaof ncoio numi kapfuny hpomnoio cowfun. co
fo oonpnof knuonfa u nnnnofcn nnn noio honfnopxnonuom foio, nfo
hpouocc II pasnunaofcn umonno fak, kak oxunanoci.
Iockoniky knuonf okonwm sponuom moxof nanknafi poakuuk
hcuxofopahonfa, fomy nooxonumo coxpannfi na nuuo nwpaxonuo ho-
kon u uchonnonnou conyncfnun honnopxku na hpofnxonuu ncoio coan-
ca. Kak yxo yhomunanoci, nkwo nonopaninwo hponnnonun cfpaxa,
ofnpamonun unu nohpunfuu co cfoponw hcuxofopahonfa moiyf nanocufi
npon nyncfny osohacnocfu knuonfa, oipanununan oio choconocfi sa-
nopmufi hpouocc.
. 1epe0 nuuu:o+ ncuxomepuneomuuecioeo ceuncu i:uenmu+ neoxo0u-
+o nuno+unumi, umo ceuuuc onu nuxo0nmcn o no:nou e:onucnocmu. nn
ocnanonun cfpaxa hopon honfopnwm hpoxunanuom fpanmafunockoio co-
wfun knuonfam naxno ionopufi, nfo nkwo ochokoucfna hopoxnakfcn
cowfunmu, hpoucmonmumu yxo nocfafonno nanno, u n nacfonmoo
npomn um nunoio no yipoxaof. Hm nooxonumo nahomunafi, nfo pas-
nunnwo achokfw fpanmafunockoio cowfun nanknakfcn u konfponu-
pykfcn hcuxofopahonfom fak xo, kak mw nanknaom na kpano fononuso-
pa qunim, nochpousnonumwu na nunoomainufoqono. 1oniko cam knu-
onf yhpannnof nunoomainufoqonom, honanan cuinan hcuxofopahonfy
hyfom honnnfun pyku unu honopofa iononw. Icuxofopahonf cpasy xo
hpuocfanannunaof nnuxonun, u qunim hpokpamaofcn. Honi hcuxofo-
pahonfunockoio coanca cocfouf n fom, nfow hosnonufi knuonfy honno-
cfik hopoxufi hpoucxonnmoo, coxpannn konfponi nan cufyauuou.
Knuonfam honosno nahomunafi mofaqopy o nnuxymomcn hoosno, n
kofopom hauuonf nnnnofcn haccaxupom, a hpomnwo fpanmafunockuo
cowfun kapfunamu, hponocnmumucn mumo. Xofn knuonf moxof
uchwfwnafi mouuu u qusunockuo omymonun, nco fo numi housaxu
22
sa oknom hoosna. Hooxonumo nahomunafi knuonfy, nfo, naxo ocnu
on ofmonaof nco fu kapfunw, hoosn hponocufcn mumo u haccaxupw
naxonnfcn n honnou osohacnocfu.
npyiou honosnou mofaqopo, yxo yhomunanmoucn panoo, II
cpannunaofcn c hoosnkou na mamuno nopos fomnwu fynnoni. Hfow
hpooxafi nopos fynnoni wcfpo, nooxonumo naxumafi noiou na honani
iasa. cnynao II honanik iasa nnnnkfcn nnuxonun inas (nuo
npyiuo qopmw cfumynnuuu), yckopnkmuo hopopaofky unqopmauuu.
cnu ypafi noiy c honanu iasa, mamuna samonnnof nnuxonuo u ou fpo-
yofcn onimo npomonu, nfow hpooxafi nopos fynnoni. Iononwm xo
opasom, nfow hpoufu nopos cocfonnuo nuckomqopfa, knuonf nonxon
hpononxafi nnuxonun inas kak moxno nonimo.
axno ckasafi knuonfy, nfo, naxo ocnu on sahnanof, nooxonumo
hocfapaficn nopxafi inasa ofkpwfwmu u hpononxafi nwhonnnfi copuu
nnuxonuu, nfow no hpopwnafi hpouocc. cnu xo knuonfw no moiyf
nopxafi inasa ofkpwfwmu, nooxonumo hpumonufi npyiuo qopmw cfu-
mynnuuu. Hooxonumo onsafonino nahomnufi, nfo onu moiyf hpokpa-
fufi hpouocc hopopaofku, honan cuinan pykou unu iononou. Icuxo-
fopahonf nonxon nomonnonno opafufi nnumanuo na fu cuinanw.
. 1cuxomepuneomy neoxo0u+o oocnpunu+umi no0uoue+ie i:uenmo+
neoepu:inie :nuiu, umoi onpe0e:umi, 0ocmue:u :u ecnoionmun un-
qop+uuun noooeo n:umo u nyno :u :uiunuuoumi cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:.
unoaninom cnynao uonik kaxnou copuu nnuxonuu inas nnnnofcn ho-
pomomonuo knuonfa of onnoio unqopmauuonnoio hnafo k npyiomy c
nospacfanuom hcuxofopahonfunockoio qqokfa. Icuxofopahonf moxof
ynunofi nocfuxonuo nonoio unqopmauuonnoio hnafo, koina knuonf
hponnnnof nonopaninwo hpusnaku nocfuxonun nonoio uncaufa unu xo
poskoo cnuxonuo onosnonnocfu hopoxunanuu. Honopaninwo snaku
moiyf hponnnnficn n nnuxonunx inas, nahpnxonuu mwmu nuua, n hoso,
n usmononuu ckopocfu nwxanun nuo unofa nuua. co usmononun fa-
koio pona nooxonumo hponomoncfpuponafi hcuxofopahonfy no npomn
ynonoio coanca, hpononumoio hon pykononcfnom ohwfnoio uncfpyk-
fopa ho II.
Xofn fakuo nonopaninwo snaku nnnnkfcn nopnwmu hpusnakamu
nocfuxonun nonoio unqopmauuonnoio hnafo, hcuxofopahonf no non-
xon cpasy xo hpokpamafi nnuxonun inas. ocfuxonuo nonoio hnafo
moxof hponnnnficn n nnnwx qusunockux hpusnakax omo no foio, kak
knuonf ycfanonuf cosnafoninyk koinufunnyk cnnsi c fum hnafo.
Iofomy hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo hpononxafi copuu nnuxonuu inas
omo 5iO cokynn hocno foio, kak ofmononw usmononun n nwpaxonuu
nuua knuonfa, nfow unqopmauun moina wfi hpanunino hpounfoph-
pofuponana. Opasno nwpaxanci, hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo nafi
knuonfy npomn, nfow nsoufu na nonoo unqopmauuonnoo hnafo.
2JO
Onnako homnufo, nfo fo nocxoxnonuo moxof wfi cnumkom nnunnwm
u fpynnwm, nfow sanopmufi oio sa onun coanc.
&. l:e0yem yuumioumi neoepu:inie :nuiu i:uenmu, umoi oincnumi,
neoxo0u+o :u npeipumumi 0ouenun e:u: 0o moeo, iui y0em 0ocmue-
nymo noooe unqop+uuuonnoe n:umo. Xofn no npomn cfumynupykmux co-
puu nnuxonuu inas hpoopasonanuo unqopmauuu ynof hpoucxonufi n
yckoponnom fomho, knununockuo nanknonun hokaswnakf, nfo ononi
naxon hpomoxyfok moxny copunmu nnuxonuu inas. Cfumynnuuk nnu-
xonunmu inas cnonyof hpokpamafi, nnn foio nfow:
a) nafi knuonfy nosmoxnocfi opafnou cnnsu, nooxonumou nnn
ohponononun, noucfnufonino nu hpoucxonuf hopopaofka;
) nafi knuonfy nosmoxnocfi unfoipuponafi nonyk unqopmauuk na
nopanino-cosnafoninom yponno;
n) hosnonufi knuonfy hopoxufi nkwo nonwo uncaufw, ocyxnan
ux c hcuxofopahonfom u nnoni honynan of noio honfnopxnonuo hpanuni-
nocfu xona hpouocca;
i) hopoopuonfuponafi knuonfa na nacfonmuu momonf, n kofopom on
naxonufcn n honnou osohacnocfu;
n) nafi knuonfy ofnwx, hosnonnkmuu omy nwnocfu qusunockoo
nahpnxonuo no npomn cfanuu ofpoaiuponanun;
o) nahomnufi knuonfy o fom, nfo on kak nunnocfi nnnnofcn nom-fo
nocomnonno onimum, nom oio hafonoiun u hopoxunanun no npomn
ofpoaiuponanun, u nfo on moxof hpousnonino nxonufi n cnou cocfon-
nun u nwxonufi us nux;
x) ychokoufi knuonfa;
s) ouonufi nooxonumocfi nohonnufoninoio nmomafonicfna.
nufoninocfi hopuona ofnwxa hocno copuu nnuxonuu inas ohpono-
nnofcn unnununyaninwmu hofponocfnmu knuonfa u moxof snanufoni-
no ofnunaficn of onnou copuu k npyiou. Icuxofopahonf no nonxon
nanunafi nnuxonun inas, ocnu knuonfy nooxonumo noccfanonufi ny-
monnoo pannonocuo u honynufi honnopxky. axno fakxo nahomunafi
o fom, nfo hopopaofka hpononxaofcn u no npomn ofnwxa, xofn u o-
noo monnonno. Iofomy hcuxofopahonf nonxon ononi nnumafonino na-
nknafi sa knuonfom, nfow ouonufi, nanancn nu cnona hpouocc of-
poaiuponanun. cnu fo hpoucxonuf, fo nooxonumo nosononufi
nnuxonun inas.
9. 1cuxomepuneomy neoxo0u+o ycu:uoumi y i:uenmu 0oounyu qoiy-
cupooiy onu+unun. nn foio nooxonumo nahomunafi, nfo onu nonx-
nw hpononxafi ocosnanafi unqopmauuk, hpoxonnmyk hopopaofky, u
n fo xo npomn wfi nnumafoninwmu k nkwm nnomnum cfumynam,
hponnaiaomwm hcuxofopahonfom. Knuonf nonxon hoipysuficn n nocho-
munanun, akfunuponannwo cfumynnuuou, ocosnanan kak cnok honnyk
2Ji
osohacnocfi n nacfonmom, fak u cnou sananu. Ha qusuonoiunockom
yponno fa nnounan qokycuponka nnumanun moxof usmonnfi hpunwn-
nwu cfopoofuh poakuuu na fpanmy u hpunonufi k nospacfanuk hcuxo-
fopahonfunockou anahfunnocfu. nounoo ocosnananuo hosnonnof knu-
onfy coxpannfi nyncfno hpucyfcfnun n nacfonmom u uchonisonafi nco
nosmoxnocfu, hponnaiaomwo hcuxofopahonfom. Ofo moxof ycununafi
choconocfi knuonfa hpofunocfonfi mouuonaninwm hofpnconunm no
npomn ofpoaiuponanun.
nohonnonuo k oochononuk nopaninou honnopxku hcuxofopahonf
moxof ycununafi cnnsi knuonfa c nacfonmum, namoponno usmonnn na-
hpannonuo u ckopocfi nnuxonuu inas. nn foio nfow knuonfw moinu
nwhonnnfi nnuxonun inas no npomn ofpoaiuponanun, hcuxofopahonf
moxof hpumonnfi onoo monnonnwo nnuxonun unu oipanununafi ux
amhnufyny. Koina knuonf nanunaof hnakafi unu hponnnnof npyiuo hpu-
snaku nwcokou cfohonu ochokoucfna, fo hcuxofopahonfy, nosmoxno,
cnonyof usmonufi xapakfop nnuxonuu inas, nfow knuonfy noino wno
cnonufi sa nnomnou fonkou qokycuponku. Mnoiuo knuonfw no moiyf
nwhonnnfi honnwo nnycfoponnuo nnuxonun hpu nwcokou cfohonu oc-
hokoucfna u y nux nosnukakf hponomw, ocnu hcuxofopahonf hohwfa-
ofcn yckopufi nnuxonun inas. Hooxonumo opafufi ocooo nnumanuo
na fo, nfow y knuonfa no saqukcuponanoci nyncfno noynanu n fom
cnynao, ocnu on no cmoxof nwhonnnfi nnuxonun inas c ownnou cko-
pocfik unu amhnufynou.
Kpomo foio, ocnu xapakfop nnuxonun inas cfanonufcn nnn knuonfa
noiko hponckasyomwm, fo on moxof ohopoxafi nnuxonun pyku hcuxo-
fopahonfa u hpu cocponofononuu nnumanun na nucqynkuuonaninom
mafopuano nwhonnnfi nnuxonun inas nucfo moxanunocku, nfo nochpo-
hnfcfnyof ychomnou hopopaofko fpanmafunockou unqopmauuu. nn
usoxanun foio nooxonumo usmonnfi ckopocfi nnuxonuu inas no npomn
kaxnou copuu. 1oina, fo yckopnn nnuxonun inas, fo samonnnn ux ncnon
sa nnuxonunmu pyku hcuxofopahonfa, knuonf ynof coxpannfi ocosna-
nanuo hpoucxonnmoio n nacfonmuu momonf. Ipousnoninoo usmononuo
nahpannonuu nnuxonuu inas of onnou copuu k npyiou (no no n hpono-
nax ofnoninou copuu nnuxonuu) moxof umofi fakou xo qqokf. Ko-
nonno, hcuxofopahonf nonxon wfi ynopon, nfo uchonisyof hpanuni-
noo nahpannonuo, chococfnykmoo nosnuknononuk y nannoio knuonfa
xonaomwx usmononuu. Iomnufo, nfo hpu ohponononnwx nahpannonu-
nx nnuxonuu inas y nokofopwx unnununon hopopaofka noomo no hpo-
ucxonuf. nn knuonfa naxno hopopaofafi sa npomn onnou copuu kak
moxno onimoo konunocfno unqopmauuu, nfo ynonununaof oio hcuxo-
noiunockyk ypannonomonnocfi u hoompnof k hpononxonuk nwhonno-
nun nnuxonuu.
!. to ope+n ompeueupoounun ncuxomepuneom puomuem c uyocmoo+
0uccouuuuuu u:u c :ui+u 0pyeu+u :+ouun+u i:uenmu. Mnoiuo knuon-
2J2
fw no npomn honynonun hopnonananinou fpanmw naxonunuci n nucco-
uuuponannom cocfonnuu. o npomn coanca II hcuxofopahonf non-
xon pachosnanafi honnunnyk hpupony hponnunmoucn nuccouuafunno-
cfu, ynufwnan onny us cnonykmux nosmoxnocfou: i) hponnnonuo cfapoio
nyncfna nuccouuuponannocfu, cnnsannoio c fpanmafunockum nochomu-
nanuom u hpoxonnmoio hopopaofky no npomn nwhonnonun nnuxonuu
inas; 2) nonan nuccouuuponannocfi, nosnukakman ncnoncfnuo foio,
nfo knuonf nyncfnyof con cnumkom cunino hoipysunmumcn n cnou ho-
poxunanun; J) y knuonfa ocfi nonwnnnonnoo nuccouuafunnoo paccfpou-
cfno.
Iocnonnuo nno nosmoxnocfu yxo ocyxnanuci n inanax 4, 5 u 6, u
fakux cnynaon nynmo hpocfo usoiafi. cnu onu nco xo nosnukakf,
hcuxofopahonf nonxon nomonnonno hpokpafufi hopopaofky u hponhpu-
nnfi noucfnun nnn uchpannonun cufyauuu. Koina hponnnnofcn cfapan
nuccouuafunnocfi, hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo hponnoxufi knuonfy
ofmofufi nco qusunockuo omymonun, cnnsannwo c fum nyncfnom,
homoian omy ocfanaficn n nacfonmom u hpononxafi hopopaofky. Ofo-
io moxno nocfuni i) c homomik cnon fuha Ocfanaufoci n konfakfo
co mnou unu Counac nw n honnou osohacnocfu; 2) honfopnn cnona
fuha a, na, na n fom xo pufmo, nfo u nnuxonun inas; J) hponnaian
knuonfy ynapnfi pykamu ho cfyny n onnom pufmo c nnuxonunmu inas;
4) hponnaian knuonfy pacckaswnafi o fom, nfo hpoucxonuf n oio hamn-
fu no npomn nwhonnonun nnuxonuu inas.
!!. 1cuxomepuneomu+ neoxo0u+o nonimumicn y+enimumi cmeneni
ecnoioucmou i:uenmu, npe0:ueun e+y cooepmumi onpe0e:ennie ou:yu:i-
nie +ununy:nuuu c mpuo+umuueciu+ oocno+ununue+. Ipu fom hpumo-
nnkf cnonykmuo cfpafoiuu mouuonaninoio nucfanuuponanun: i) ho-
hwfaficn hponpafufi kapfuny nochomunanun n nohonnuxnyk qofoipa-
quk; 2) hohpoonafi hpoopasonafi kapfuny nochomunanun n nopno-
onyk nunoosahuci; J) hponcfanufi, nfo poonok xopfna nannoio
fpanmafunockoio cowfun nopxuf sa pyky camoio con no nspocnom
nospacfo; 4) hponcfanufi, nfo fpanmafunockoo cowfuo hpoucxonuf sa
samufnou cfoknnnnou cfonou; 5) ycfanonufi samufnyk cfoknnnnyk
cfony moxny coou u hpocfyhnukom, opas kofopoio homomaofcn na
nocfafonno onimom paccfonnuu. hocnonnom cnynao ho mopo hopo-
paofku opas hpocfyhnuka monnonno hpunuxaofcn k xopfno, no moxny
numu ocfaofcn noopaxaoman samufnan hpoipana us cfokna (WoIpo &
Abrams, ii).
Onnako hcuxofopahonf nonxon wfi iofon hpuoinyfi k nohonnufoni-
nwm cfpafoiunm: no-hopnwx, nanoko no nco knuonfw onanakf choco-
nocfik coxpannfi nusyaninwu konfponi, nooxonumwu nnn ncox usmo-
nonuu xona hpouocca; no-nfopwx, hpu nwhonnonuu copuu nnuxonuu inas
nusyaninwu konfponi moxof wfi yfpanon, nfo hpunonuf k nospacfa-
nuk yponnn ochokoucfna; n-fpofiux, ocnu uchonisykfcn nusyaninwo
2JJ
manuhynnuuu, co npomonom hpuxonufcn opamaficn k hopnonananino-
my opasy nnn hopopaofku nkou ocfafonnou unqopmauuu. Honik ncox
nusyaninwx manuhynnuuu nnnnofcn naxoxnonuo fakoio yina sponun, c
kofopoio knuonf cmoxof nanknafi cnoo nochomunanuo c nauonoo
nuskum yponnom ochokoucfna. Kpomo foio, cama choconocfi manu-
hynuponafi cnoumu nochomunanunmu hponhonaiaof no foniko fo, nfo
knuonf kak nunnocfi hponcfannnof coou nonfo iopasno onimoo, nom
oio hafonoiun, no u fo, nfo n nacfonmoo npomn on honnocfik konfpo-
nupyof hpoucxonnmoo. Onnako homnufo, nfo nusyaninwo manuhynnuuu
uchonisykfcn numi kak hpomoxyfonnoo cponcfno. kononnom cnofo
fpanmafunockan unqopmauun nonxna hpoufu honnyk hopopaofky.
anoo ynof honpono ocyxnaficn cufyauun, koina hopopaofka no-
kupyofcn.
!2. ,:n oecneuenun +uicu+u:ino oo:+onou :+ouuonu:inou cmuu:i-
nocmu ncuxomepuneom 0o:en noompnmi i:uenmu +uicu+u:ino npueomo-
oumicn i ceuncy. Hahpumop, mnoiuo knuonfw xofonu w, nfow nosno
nux naxonuncn nuskuu u nkumwu nononok, kofopwu moxof honnop-
xafi ux hocno coanca, nuo hpunocfu c coou kakou-nuo ookf
knuiy, uipymky unu unou fanucman, nakmuu um nohonnufoninoo
nyncfno osohacnocfu. Onnako uchonisonanuo nnn foio nomamnux
xunofnwx noxonafonino, fak kak onu moiyf momafi xony coanca, oco-
onno ocnu ynyf nyncfnonafi, nfo knuonf uchwfwnaof ochokoucfno.
Ho cfouf hosnonnfi u hpucyfcfnuo hocfoponnux nknou, fak kak onu
moiyf ofnnokafi nnumanuo, uchwfwnafi cfpax hopon hpoucxonnmum nuo
nocfu con kakum-fo unwm opasom, momakmum xony hcuxofopahon-
funockoio coanca.
nn ychokoonun knuonfa hcuxofopahonf nonxon hponocfanufi omy
nosmoxnocfi nopxafi con sa pyky, ocnu, kononno, knuonf nyxna-
ofcn n nohonnufoninom nyncfno cfauninocfu unu ycunonuu cnnsu c
hcuxofopahonfom. Onnako nooxonumo cfpoio cnonufi sa fom, nfow
hcuxofopahonf no hwfancn cam nsnfi knuonfa sa pyky unu hpukocnyfi-
cn k nomy no npomn ofpoaiuponanun, fak kak fo noucfnuo moxof acco-
uuuponaficn c nochomunanunmu o nacunuu, hopoxufom no npomn fpan-
mw. Iponocfannonuo knuonfy nosmoxnocfu nwpaxafi cnou xonanun
hpunuuhuanino ofnunaofcn of nmomafonicfna hcuxofopahonfa, choco-
noio hpunocfu numi k honfopnou fpanmafusauuu.
!J. 1pu neoxo0u+ocmu ncuxomepuneomi 0o:ni u:+ennmi xupuimep
c:yxooix pu:0puume:eu u:u nocmyiuounuu no :u0onu. nokofopwx
cnynanx knuonf no moxof hpononxafi hopopaofky c ofkpwfwmu inasa-
mu us-sa cfpaxa, nosnukakmoio of accouuauuu nnuxonuu pyku hcuxo-
fopahonfa c kakumu-nuo qopmamu nacunun no npomn hopnunnoio fpan-
mafunockoio cowfun, unu nohpousnoninwx pwnanuu. cnu knuonf no
chocoon onimo cnonufi sa nnuxonunmu pyku hcuxofopahonfa, fo
hocnonnuu nonxon hohwfaficn uchonisonafi pufmunockuo snyku unu
2J4
hocfykunanuo ho pyko knuonfa. Ipu uchonisonanuu fakux anifopnafun-
nwx cfumynon no npomn cfanuu ofpoaiuponanun nooxonumo wfi oco-
onno nnumafoninwm, fak kak hcuxofopahonfy fpynnoo samofufi, koi-
na y knuonfa nosnukaof nuccouuafunnan ofcfpanonnocfi of hpoucxonn-
moio. Onno us hpoumymocfn nnuxonuu inas cocfouf n fom, nfo hcu-
xofopahonf moxof nunofi, koina y knuonfa nanunaof nospacfafi cnnsi c
hopoxunaomwm nnyfponnum mafopuanom, fak kak hpu fom oio inasa
hopocfakf nwhonnnfi cnonnmuo nnuxonun. Onnako nnn nokofopwx knu-
onfon hocfykunanuo ho pyko nanunaof nnunfi na unfoncunnocfi ofnof-
nou poakuuu u hofomy no hosnonnof hpononxafi hopopaofky, koina
ypononi ochokoucfna cnumkom nonuk, nfow ho-hpoxnomy anoknafno
nwhonnnfi cnonnmuo nnuxonun inas. fom cnynao, nfow ohpono-
nufi, hpononxaofcn nu y knuonfa hpouocc hopopaofku, ocoonno nax-
nw nonopaninwo cuinanw.
!4. 1c:u, nec+ompn nu ucno:i:oounue 0ouenuu e:u:, nocmyiuounuu
no pyie u:u :oyiooix cmu+y:oo, y i:uenmu ne npoucxo0um nepepuomiu
unqop+uuuu, ncuxomepuneomy neoxo0u+o npu+enumi cneuuu:inie no0-
xo0i 0:n mex c:yuueo, ioe0u nepepuomiu :oiupyemcn. Ownnan qopma
nokuponanun hpu ofpoaiuponanuu fak naswnaoman mopfnan hofnn.
fou cufyauuu nmocfo hocfonnnoio hponnuxonun knuonfa of onnoio
unqopmauuonnoio hnafo k npyiomy (unu nmocfo honnnonun nnnwx hpu-
snakon, nfo nukakux usmononuu no hpoucxonuf) knuonf sauuknunaof-
cn na onnom unqopmauuonnom hnafo. Mopfnan hofnn nanunaof hpo-
nnnnficn n fom cnynao, koina knuonf nomoncfpupyof nwcokuu ypononi
nucfpocca hpu ofpoaiuponanuu u ionopuf, nfo fo xo camwo mouuu u
opasw cnona u cnona nosnpamakfcn hpu hocnonykmux copunx nnuxo-
nuu inas. Hnoina hpu fom hpoucxonuf nosnanufoninoo cnuxonuo
nucfpocca, cohponoxnakmoocn nosnpamonuom k fomy xo camomy kpyiy
ofpuuafoninwx mwcnou u mouuu. fakom cnynao hcuxofopahonfam no-
oxonumo uchonisonafi ohucannwo nuxo chocow nohonnufoninoio cfu-
mynuponanun hpouocca hopopaofku hpu nosnuknononuu sanokuponan-
nocfu. Ipu paofo c knuonfamu, umokmumu nnnyk cknonnocfi k
hponnnonuk qonomona mopfnou hofnu, nooxonumo uchonisonafi
honxonw, ohucwnaomwo n inano iO.
1cau ompeueupoounue npo0oauemcn
cnu hpumonono nco ohucannoo nwmo u n cnonykmom pasnono, no
ychox fak u no nocfuinyf, fo hcuxofopahonf, nonocfafonno ohwfnwu n
II-hcuxofopahuu, nonxon uchonisonafi yhpaxnonuo ho cosnanuk
osohacnoio mocfa (ohucannoo n inano 5) unu onny us sanopmakmux hpo-
uonyp, ohucannwx n inano , nwnonn fakum opasom knuonfa us hpouoc-
2J5
ca. bonoo hponnunyfwo qopmw II, nooxonumwo nnn foio, nfow
hpononxafi n fom cnynao hopopaofky, ohucanw n inano iO. Iomnufo
o fom, nfo nannan knuia nnnnofcn ynonukom, kofopwu hpoxno ncoio
nonxon hpumonnficn n hpakfunockux coancax, hpononumwx no npomn
oynonun hon pykononcfnom ohwfnoio chouuanucfa ho II. bonoo
hponnunyfwo qopmw II moiyf hpumonnficn foniko hocno foio, kak
hcuxofopahonf hpuopofof hpakfunockuu ohwf paofw.
Hcnxu1cpaucn1n4ccknc c1pa1crnn
n cny4aux ianuknpunannu ucpcpau1kn
Icuxofopahonfunockuo cfpafoiuu, hponnaiaomwo n fou nacfu nan-
nou inanw, moiyf homoni hcuxofopahonfy cfumynuponafi safopmosun-
mykcn hopopaofky. Ionxonw, ohucannwo n pasnono Iopnunnan
uoni, oochonunakf cocponofononuo nnumanun knuonfa na hponnno-
nunx hopnonananinou uonu. Chocow, hponnaiaomwo n pasnono cho-
moiafoninwo uonu, ofnocnfcn k nohonnufoninwm qakfopam, hpuno-
nnmum k nosnuknononuk noka. Ofu qakfopw nooxonumo fmafonino
usynufi, fak kak hpononxonuo nucfpocca moxof ykaswnafi na nooxo-
numocfi hopopaofku pasnunnoio mafopuana no nosnpamonun k hopno-
nananinou uonu; fu honxonw nooxonumo uchonisonafi n fom cnynao,
ocnu chocow, hponnoxonnwo panoo, okaxyfcn osychomnwmu hpu ho-
hwfkax akfunusuponafi hopopaofky. Icuxofopahonf nonxon ncoina
ynufwnafi nosmoxnocfi, nfo ohucwnaomwo snoci anifopnafunnwo hcu-
xofopahonfunockuo cfpafoiuu moiyf honanouficn omy n coanco II.
Hepounnun eao
nannom pasnono hponnaiakfcn pasnunnwo napuanfw hpouonyp,
uchonisyomwx nnn usmononun qokycuponku knuonfa n fom cnynao, koina
qqokf hopopaofku ocnaonaof. Icuxofopahonf moxof hpuocfanonufi
hopopaofky, ocnu fpanmafunockan unqopmauun no nocfuiaof nooxo-
numou cfohonu noconcuunusauuu u nukak no usmonnofcn hocno nnyx
hocnononafoninwx copuu nnuxonuu inas.
Iopnwo nna foxnunockux hpuoma hponcfannnkf coou usmononun n
xapakfopo nnuxonuu inas u cocponofononuu nnumanun na omymonunx n
fono. cnu fo okaxofcn noqqokfunnwm, nooxonumo hpuoinyfi k
nohonnufoninwm hcuxofopahonfunockum honxonam. Onu ocnonanw na
unoo, nfo nosnoucfnuo na mosi knuonfa hpoucxonuf, koina omy hpon-
naiakf hpousnonino usmonufi cosnanuo, uchonisyn kakou-nuo cho-
2J6
co, nosnukakmuu chonfanno n fox cnynanx, koina hopopaofka hpo-
xonuf ychomno. Iocno hponononun ananusa cufyauuu hcuxofopahonf
moxof nnocufi n hpouocc usmononun, ucxonn us cocfnonnoio knunu-
nockoio ohwfa.
Iomnufo, nfo nnn nokofopwx knuonfon nooxonumw onoo hponnu-
nyfwo qopmw II, n ocoonnocfu nnn nuu, hponnnnkmux cknon-
nocfi k nuccouuafunnocfu. Onnako qopmw II, ohucannwo n ina-
no iO, nonxnw hpumonnficn foniko hocno paofw c ocnonnou qopmou
II na hpofnxonuu ho kpaunou mopo nocimu nononi (hpumopno hnfi-
nocnf coancon) hon nanknonuom ohwfnoio chouuanucfa. Hfow uc-
honisonanuo hponnunyfou nopcuu II wno qqokfunnwm, hcuxo-
fopahonf nonxon umofi nocfafonno onimou ohwf hpakfunockou
paofw, ynoponno hpumonnfi foxnuku, ohucannwo n inanax 4iO, u
hponcfannnfi coo ocnonnwo qopmw nosmoxnou ofnofnou poakuuu knu-
onfa.
Cnonykmuo foxnunockuo hpuomw hoponucnonw ho cfohonu ux honos-
nocfu. o ncox cnynanx sanokuponannou hopopaofku hpoxno ncoio
nooxonumo usmonufi xapakfop nnuxonuu inas u nahpanufi nnumanuo
knuonfa na omymonun n fono.
H:+enenue xupuimepu 0ouenuu e:u:
cnu hocno nnyx copuu nnuxonuu inas ofnofnan poakuun knuonfa
ocfaofcn hpoxnou, hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo usmonnfi nahpannonuo,
hpononxufoninocfi, ckopocfi unu amhnufyny nnuxonuu inas, hocfo-
honno cnnuianci fo nnopx, fo nnus n iopusonfaninou hnockocfu. boni-
muu ychox moxof nafi conofanuo fux usmononuu.
locpe0omouenue nu omymenunx o me:e
Omymonun n fono moiyf wfi hponnnonunmu mouuu unu qusunoc-
kux omymonuu, uchwfwnanmuxcn knuonfom no npomn hopnonananino-
io fpanmafunockoio cowfun. Hokofopwo us hcuxofopahonfunockux
cfpafoiuu, nauonoo honosnwx nnn nosononnonun hopopaofku, nknk-
nakf n con nnumanuo k pasnunnwm achokfam omymonuu n fono.
tce omymenun. Icuxofopahonf nonxon hponnoxufi knuonfy ofpo-
cufi na npomn opas fpanmafunockoio cowfun u cnnsannwo c num
mwcnu, cocponofonunmuci hpoxno ncoio na cnoom fono u na cohyfcfny-
kmux qusunockux omymonunx, n fo npomn kak xapakfop nnuxonuu inas
ynof honnopiaficn cucfomafunockum usmononunm.
2J?
1epouunie omymenun. cnu hopopaofka no nosononnnofcn, xofn
knuonf coomaof o mnoionucnonnwx omymonunx n fono, fo n cnonyk-
mou copuu nnuxonuu nooxonumo nahpanufi oio nnumanuo na nauo-
noo nwpaxonnwo omymonun os cocponofononun na opaso unu hpon-
cfannonuu.
Heoiciu:unnie c:oou. Hokofopwo nunw omymonuu n fono moiyf yka-
swnafi na hofponocfi knuonfa sahnakafi unu hpousnocfu nonwckasan-
nwo cnona, cnnsannwo c nonannum fpanmafunockum cowfuom unu co
cnynaom nacunun n nofckom nospacfo. Koina y knuonfa nosnukaof nyn-
cfno cfpaxa (c qusunockumu omymonunmu, coofnofcfnykmumu fum
cocfonnunm), hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo hponnoxufi omy nwpasufi
nco, nfo on xofon w ckasafi ncnyx unu hpo con. Ofo ocoonno
honosno n fox cnynanx, koina knuonf coomaof o nahpnxonuu n nonk-
cfnx unu iopno, nswnaof o homomu, uchwfwnaof inon unu cfpax nos-
moxnoio nakasanun. Koina hauuonfy nahomunakf o fom, nfow on
nopanusonan nonwckasannwo cnona u cocponofonuncn na nux no npomn
cnonykmou copuu nnuxonuu, hopopaofka moxof nosononnnficn c
hpoxnou ckopocfik.
Icuxofopahonfy nooxonumo oochonufi honnopxky knuonfa nno
sanucumocfu of hpousnocumwx um cnon. Ipu nchwmkax npocfu knu-
onf moxof nusyanusuponafi unu ohucwnafi hponnnonun nconosmoxnwx
snopcfn co cnoou cfoponw ho ofnomonuk k hpocfyhnuky. Icuxofopa-
honf nonxon sanopufi knuonfa, nfo oio nyncfna conopmonno ocfocfnon-
nw u nfo iopasno nynmo nwhnocnyfi ux napyxy, nom kohufi n coo. Ofo
ocoonno naxno n cnynao occuninoio nofckoio inona, kofopwu nako-
nou honynaof nosmoxnocfi hponnuficn. Icuxofopahonf nonxon onc-
nufi, nfo nusyanusauuu knuonfa nukfo no ynof ouonunafi u onu no
cmoiyf hpununufi komy-nuo npon. Iofomy nno sanucumocfu of foio,
nfo umonno knuonf ionopun noopaxaomomy hpocfyhnuky (nahpumop,
H paspynk fon na kycku!), hcuxofopahonf nonxon hoompnfi nk-
wo nusyanusauuu knuonfa. Io mopo hpononxonun copuu nnuxonuu inas
inon u cfpax, no hosnonnnmuo nwpasuficn nonwckasannwm cnonam, ho-
cfohonno ynyf paspomonw. Ononunno, nfo omo no sanopmonun coanca
hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo ocynufi c knuonfom oio nyncfna u nosmox-
nwo noucfnun. Ononi naxno oncnufi knuonfy, nfo ocnu hopopaof-
ka fpanmafunockoio mafopuana sanopmunaci no honnocfik, no cfouf hw-
faficn ncfyhafi n konqponfauuk c opasom hpocfyhnuka.
cfi mnoio nosmoxnocfou nwpasufi nonwckasannwo cnona ncnyx
unu hpo con no npomn copuu nnuxonuu inas u moxny numu. cnu
knuonf nwpaxaof nonwckasannwo cnona moxny copunmu nnuxonuu, omy
nooxonumo honfopnfi hpo con fu cnona no npomn cnonykmou copuu
nnuxonuu no fox hop, hoka on no ynof hpousnocufi ux ynoponno u os
2J8
cfpaxa. Icuxofopahonf nonxon nnumafonino nwcnymunafi fu nwcka-
swnanun, ouonunan ux fomp u ipomkocfi c fonku sponun hpunuxo-
nun k honoxufoninomy paspomonuk. Onnako y knuonfa moiyf wfi
nnyfponnuo hpohnfcfnun, momakmuo hpousnocufi fu cnona ipomko.
fakom cnynao nooxonumo hponnoxufi hpousnocufi fu cnona hpo con
no npomn copuu nnuxonuu inas u uchonisonafi cuinan pykou, nwpaxa-
kmuu xonanuo ocfanonuficn, koina hpouocc ynof sanopmon. Icuxo-
fopahonf nonxon hpononxafi copuu nnuxonuu inas no fox hop, hoka
knuonf no honacf fakou cuinan. 3afom knuonfa nooxonumo chpocufi
o oio camonyncfnuu u ho xapakfopy ofnofnou poakuuu ohpononufi, ocfi
nu nooxonumocfi hpononxafi nopanusauuk u naninoumuo copuu nnu-
xonuu inas. Icuxofopahonf nonxon homoiafi knuonfy hpousnocufi cnou
nwckaswnanun nco ipomno u ipomno cnanana numi mononn iyamu,
hofom mohofom u numi hocno foio ncnyx, nco cuninoo c kaxnou co-
puou nnuxonuu.
1akoo nmomafonicfno moxof snanufonino ycunufi hcuxofopahonfu-
nockuu qqokf. 2opfnw nacunun nacfo noknapupykf cnok nosanucu-
mocfi of ponufonou unu nacuninuka. Onnako naxno, nfow nwckasw-
nanun knuonfa hocfohonno usmonnnuci of cfpaxa u nyncfna osnanox-
nocfu, kofopwo on uchwfwnan n nofcfno, k oio nspocnou fonko spo-
nun, c hoponoconuom ofnofcfnonnocfu sa cnynunmoocn c con na na-
cuninuka u c honumanuom cnoou honnou osohacnocfu n nacfonmoo
npomn. Copuu nnuxonuu inas, cohponoxnakmuocn hpousnoconuom nwc-
kaswnanuu, nonxnw hpononxaficn no fox hop, hoka knuonf no hopo-
cfanof uchwfwnafi nyncfno camoocyxnonun.
Hcno:i:oounue 0ouenuu. Kak yxo ofmonanoci, qusunockuo omymo-
nun moiyf wfi hponnnonunmu aqqokfa unu xo omymonuu, uchwfan-
nwx no npomn hopnonananinoio fpanmafunockoio cowfun. o npomn
hopoxunanuu, cnnsannwx c nyncfnamu cfpaxa unu inona, knuonf mo-
xof cohpofunnnficn ohponononnwm nunam fonocnwx poakuuu nahpu-
mop, xonanuk usufi koio-nuo. Iofomy, koina fakou nononok uc-
hwfwnaof nahpnxonuo n kakou-nuo nocfu fona, ykaswnakmoo na nonfo
honannonnoo no npomn hopnonananinoio fpanmafunockoio cowfun,
nooxonumo hoompnfi oio k cnoonnomy hponnnonuk ncox accouuupy-
kmuxcn c fum nahpnxonuom nnuxonuu nahpumop, hohwfku usufi
noopaxaomoio hpofunnuka.
Onna knuonfka, hpouocc hopopaofku y kofopou wn sanokuponan,
ionopuna o nosnuknononuu cuninoio inona na ofua sa fo, nfo fof on-
naxnw ynusun oo. Koina ona pacckaswnana o fom, y noo nosnukno
ononi cuninoo nahpnxonuo n pykax pyku wnu cxafw n kynaku u wno
honnfno, nfo ou xonofcn koio-fo ynapufi. nuxonun inas hpononxa-
nuci no fox hop, hoka xonmuna no ynapuna kynakom n hpocfpancfno
hopon coou, hocno noio hopopaofka cnona nosononunaci.
2J
1akuo hponnnonun qusunockux nyncfn hononw nonwckasannwm
cnonam. H n fom u n npyiom cnynao nooxonumo nafi nosmoxnocfi fpan-
mafunockou unqopmauuu hpoufu anoknafnyk hopopaofky, nknknan
cfumynuponanuo honannonnwx mouuu, nonwckasannwx cnon u qusu-
nockux noucfnun. Koina honannonnwo mouuu honynakf nosmoxnocfi
nwufu na honopxnocfi no npomn nnuxonuu inas, ckopocfi hopopaofku
ynonununaofcn. Onnako knuonfw nonxnw nyncfnonafi con n nocfafon-
nou osohacnocfu, noionopunmuci hponnapufonino c hcuxofopahonfom
o nooxonumocfu cnoonno hponnnnfi nco cnou nyncfna, hockoniky
nkwo hohwfku honanufi fpanmafunockuu mafopuan moiyf hpunocfu
numi k honfopnou fpanmafusauuu. nuncfnonnoo oipanunonuo cocfo-
uf n fom, nfo nu knuonfy nu hcuxofopahonfy no nonxon wfi hpunu-
non npon.
Hu0uo:uounue onpe0e:ennix +ecm nu me:e. Koina hopopaofka fop-
mosufcn u omymonun n fono nukak no usmonnkfcn u no cohponoxna-
kfcn cohyfcfnykmumu mwcnnmu unu opasamu, moxof wfi honosnwm,
ocnu knuonf nananuf haniuom na mocfo, ino nokanusupyofcn omymo-
nuo n fono. Ynonunonuo nannonun nacfo hpunonuf k honnnonuk opasa
unu mwcnou, accouuafunno cnnsannwx c fpanmafunockumu nochomuna-
nunmu, kofopwo safom nonxnw wfi uspanw n kanocfno hponmofa nos-
noucfnun (MartInoz, ii). Icuxofopahonf moxof nocfuni fakux xo
posynifafon, hponnaian knuonfam hpocfo sakpwfi inasa u cocponofonufi
nnumanuo na mocfo, n kofopom nokanusupykfcn omymonun n fono. co
nosnukakmuo hpu fom opasw u mwcnu n naninoumom ynyf uspanw
hponmofom nosnoucfnun. cnu nunoio no hponnnnofcn, fo nooxonumo
nopnyficn k hopnonananinomy hponmofy nosnoucfnun nnn hpononxonun
hopopaofku.
liunupoounue
fox cnynanx, koina hopopaofka hpuocfanannunaofcn, hcuxofopa-
honf nonxon hponnoxufi knuonfy n cnonykmou copuu nnuxonuu usmo-
nufi fonky qokycuponku. Ychomnan hopopaofka nacfo nknknaof n con
pasnunnwo nomonfw, chonfanno nosnukakmuo n cosnanuu. Koina
sanokuponannwu mafopuan nyxnaofcn n uckyccfnonnou cfumynnuuu,
knuonfy hponnaiakf namoponno cnonafi nfo-nuo us foio, nfo y npyiux
hauuonfon nosnukano chonfanno no npomn ychomnou hopopaofku.
Moxno hponhonoxufi, nfo n fom cnynao honnnnofcn ohponononnan
noupoqusuonoiunockan cnnsi, hosnonnkman nosononuficn hpouoccy
hopopaofku unqopmauuu.
24O
tu:yu:inie cuenu:i. Icuxofopahonfy nooxonumo hponnoxufi knu-
onfy hpousnocfu ckanuponanuo, nfow ohpononufi, ocfi nu n nacfon-
moo npomn nfo-nuo, nwnonnmoo oio us nymonnoio pannonocun n oni-
mou cfohonu, nom hopnonananinoo fpanmafunockoo cowfuo. Hahpu-
mop, koina xopfno usnacunonanun hponnaiakf ckonuonfpuponaficn na
nauonoo fpanmupykmou nacfu nochomunanun, ona moxof cocponofo-
nuficn na camom nacunicfnonnom hononom akfo. Ho hpu naninoumou
hopopaofko moiyf chonfanno nosnuknyfi npyiuo achokfw fpanmafunoc-
koio cowfun. Onnako ocnu hocno uspanun n kanocfno uonu nosnou-
cfnun hopnonananinou cuonw hopopaofka wcfpo hpokpamaofcn u
foniko numi nokofopwo us ochokonmux mouuu nocfuiakf paspomo-
nun n posynifafo hocnononafoninwx copuu nnuxonuu inas, hcuxofopa-
honfy nooxonumo hponnoxufi xopfno usnacunonanun hpousnocfu o-
sop ncoio hpoucmocfnun, nfow ohpononufi, nof nu kakux-fo nohon-
nufoninwx achokfon fpanmafunockoio cowfun, nwswnakmux counac
ocoonno cuninoo ochokoucfno. Ipu fom knuonfka moxof nchom-
nufi, nahpumop, o hohwfkax hpunynufoninwx opaninwx cokcyaninwx
konfakfon. Iocno unonfuqukauuu fa cuona ynof uspana n kanocfno
hponmofa nosnoucfnun hpu hocnonykmux copunx nnuxonuu inas. o-
nonino nacfo fakuo nohonnufoninwo cuonw moiyf hpunonufi k ychom-
nomy sanopmonuk hopopaofku u ymonimonuk mouuonaninoio nuc-
fpocca. Iofomy unoina cnonyof hponnoxufi knuonfy usmonufi nusy-
aninyk qokycuponky, hopomoman oo nockoniko pas na npyiuo nacfu
nochomunanun, hoka noconcuunusauun no ynof ychomno sanopmona.
Iopon nananom cfanuu uncfannnuuu hpoonanakmuo hponnnonun fpan-
mafunockoio nochomunanun nonxnw wfi nwsnanw u hponoponw, nfo
nocfuiaofcn hyfom opamonun knuonfa k hopnonananinomy hponmofy
nosnoucfnun.
3oyiooie :qqeimi. cnu hopopaofka hpuocfanannunaofcn, noo-
xonumo hponnoxufi knuonfy naufu snykonou cfumyn, nwswnakmuu
ocoonno cuninoo ochokoucfno. osimom, nahpumop, cnynau nofopa-
na nounw no iofnamo on nchomnun, kak oio fonapumu cfponnnu n
chuny hnonnuky, hwfanmomycn chacfuci oicfnom. Ipu hopopaofko
ypononi ochokoucfna yhan no 5 annon ho Hkano cyokfunnwx onu-
nuu ochokoucfna u saqukcuponancn na fom yponno. Koina knuonfy
hponnoxunu hpousnocfu ckanuponanuo cnoux nochomunanuu, nfow
naufu snykonou qqokf, cumnonusupykmuu nauonimoo ochokou-
cfno, on ckasan, nfo hpucfyh cuninoumou fponoxnocfu y noio nwsw-
naof snyk nwcfpona us apmouckou nunfonku M-i6. Koina hcuxofopa-
honf hponnoxun no npomn cnonykmoio coanca cocponofonuficn na snyko
nwcfpona, fo oio ypononi ochokoucfna ho Hkano Cb honusuncn omo
onimo. Ychomnoo nmomafonicfno hpunono k nocfuxonuk konua ac-
24i
couuafunnoio kanana, u knuonfy wno hponnoxono, fak xo kak u no
npomn ownnou hpouonypw II, nosnpafuficn n hopnonananinomy
hponmofy nosnoucfnun nnn hpononxonun hpouocca hopopaofku.
,uu:oe. cnu onun nosnukakmuu chonfanno achokf nochomunanun,
houckamu kofopoio cnonyof sannficn, fo nuanoi, hpoucxonunmuu
no npomn hopnonananinoio fpanmafunockoio cowfun. Koina knuonfam,
uspanmum n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun nochomunanuo o akfo qusu-
nockoio nacunun, hponnaianu ckanuponafi nochomunanun nnn naxox-
nonun kakux-fo momonfon, o kofopwx onu cnufanu w nooxonumwm
coomufi, onu nacfo pacckaswnanu o snanumocfu cnonocnwx ockop-
nonuu. Cocponofonunanci na cnonax nacuninuka u na cnoou cocfnon-
nou qusunockou poakuuu, knuonfw moinu fakum opasom akfunuponafi
sanokuponannwu hpouocc hopopaofku.
H:+enenun
Koina hcuxofopahonfunockuo cfpafoiuu, n kofopwx knuonf cocpono-
fonunaofcn nohocponcfnonno na fpanmafunockom nochomunanuu, oka-
swnakfcn osychomnwmu, hcuxofopahonf moxof hponnoxufi omy usmo-
nufi nuo qokycuponky nnumanun, nuo cam hponmof nosnoucfnun.
Hahpumop, ocnu knuonf no npomn copuu nnuxonuu inas hponcfannnof
coo fpanmafunockoo cowfuo unu ohponononnwo oio achokfw n unou
qopmo (cm. honponoo n cnonykmux pasnonax), fo moxof nohonnufoni-
no cfumynuponafi xon hopopaofku. Icuxofopahonfw no coomakf
knuonfam o fakoio pona hponomax, fom onoo koina uspannoo n ka-
nocfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun nochomunanuo noccfanonnono hocno sanop-
monun kypca nononun. Y knuonfon coxpannofcn hamnfi o fom, nfo hpo-
ucxonuno c numu n noucfnufoninocfu, nno sanucumocfu of ncox
usmononuu, hpousomonmux (namoponno unu chonfanno) no npomn ho-
popaofku. Ho ownno hcuxofopahonf hponnaiaof nopnyficn k hopno-
nananinomy hponmofy nosnoucfnun nnn sanopmakmou hopopaofku.
1ono:enue opu:u. Iohwfku usmonufi cam opas fakxo moiyf hpu-
nocfu k fomy, nfo sanokuponannan hopopaofka nosononufcn. Hoko-
fopwo knuonfw hpu II-hcuxofopahuu moiyf nhonno ychomno poc-
fumynuponafi hopopaofky, nonan opas cowfun onoo npkum,
ymoniman oio, ofnannn, nuo hponpaman n nopno-onwu. fom cny-
nao knuonfy nooxonumo hponnaiafi cnonafi nfo-nuo us foio, nfo chon-
fanno hpoucxonuno y npyiux unnununon no npomn coancon II u na-
nano xopomuu posynifaf. Onnako nooxonumo homnufi, nfo nnn
conopmonun fakoio usmononun knuonf nonxon onanafi xopomou cho-
242
conocfik konfponuponafi hpouocc nusyanusauuu u nfo nnn nocfuxo-
nun qqokfa honnou hopopaofku n kanocfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun non-
xnw wfi cnona uspanw hopnonananinwo qopmw hponnnonun nocho-
munanun os nanoxunmuxcn na nux uckaxonuu. Hacfo no npomn
hocnononafoninwx copuu nnuxonuu inas uckaxonun opasa ucnosakf,
u on nosnpamaofcn k cnoou hopnonananinou qopmo. no sanucumocfu
of foio, noccfanannunaofcn nu hopnonananinwu opas chonfanno unu
hponnamoponno, ownno on nwswnaof iopasno monimoo ochokoucfno
hocno foio, kak nunousmononnwu opas wn ychomno noconcuunusu-
ponan.
locpe0omouenue ne nu 0eucmounx npecmynnuiu, u nu eeo opu:e. py-
iou honxon hpu usmononuu nusyaninoio opasa moxof cocfonfi n fom,
nfo knuonfy hponnaiakf nusyanusuponafi cam opas nacuninuka (nuo
unoio nononoka, nwswnakmoio ochokoucfno), a no oio noucfnun.
Ownno fo cnuxaof cfohoni fponoxnocfu u hosnonnof nocfuni sanop-
monun hopopaofku.
axo ocnu hopopaofka ychomno sanopmona, cocponofononuo na
opaso camoio nacuninuka, a no na oio noucfnunx, hpunonuf k onoo
honnou ionopanusauuu, ocoonno hpu nononuu nofou (cm. inany ii).
osmoxno, fo hpoucxonuf ncnoncfnuo foio, nfo n nopnnou cucfomo
poonka sahonafnono no fak yx mnoio nochomunanuu, u koina omy hpon-
naiakf nchomnufi opas nacuninuka n onoxno, kofopan wna na nom n
momonf cowfun, no cocponofonunanci nu na kakux chouuqunockux
noucfnunx, fo fo hpunonuf k nosnuknononuk wcfpoio qqokfa io-
nopanusauuu. ocoonnocfu fo ofnocufcn k fom cnynanm, koina
nauonoo npkuo nochomunanun yxo hopopaofanw. Hahpumop, y hnfu-
nofnou nononku xopfnw nacunun wno nckpwfo numi fpu fpanma-
funockux cowfun u nco onu hpomnu ychomnyk hopopaofky. Onnako
na camom nono y noo wno iopasno onimo nochomunanuu, fak kak co
npomonu fpanmafunockoio cowfun yxo hpomno mnoio mocnuon. Ipo-
cfyhnuk, conopmunmuu nacunuo nan nononkou, wn onof n kpacnyk
manfuk, u na oio nuuo wna macka. Ioonky hponnoxunu hpocfo hpon-
cfanufi oio n fom napnno, safom wno hpononono comi copuu nnuxo-
nuu inas. Iocno foio oo xanow (nononka monunaci n hocfoni, u oo
mynunu nonnwo kommapw) hpokpafunuci.
Hepupxun. pyiou fuh usmononun nusyaninoio opasa cocfouf n co-
snanuu u uchonisonanuu fak naswnaomou hcuxofopahonfunockou uopap-
xuu fa hpouonypa hpumonnofcn hpu cucfomafunockou noconcuunu-
sauuu (WoIpo, ii). Hfow cnusufi cfohoni ochokoucfna,
cnnsannoio c uspannwm n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun cowfuom, knu-
onfy hponnaiaofcn conopmufi noopaxaomoo usmononuo kapfunw cow-
24J
fun, cnnsannou co npomonom unu paccfonnuom (nahpumop, Iponcfani-
fo, nfo hayk cunuf no y nac na pyko, a n cfopono).
2opfna nacunun moxof hponcfanufi coo cfoknnnnyk cfony, ofno-
nnkmyk oo of hpocfyhnuka; opas hpocfyhnuka moxno hponcfannnfi coo
naxonnmumcn na osohacnom paccfonnuu u safom hocfohonno cokpamafi
nucfanuuk no fou, kofopan noucfnufonino wna n momonf fpanmafu-
nockoio cowfun. Xofn nnanano c homomik ncox fux manuhynnuuu
hopopaofka moxof hpoucxonufi nhonno ychomno, n konuo konuon
nooxonumo nopnyficn k hopnonananinomy hponmofy nosnoucfnun, nfow
honnocfik hopopaofafi oio os kakux-nuo usmononuu.
1epeopuenmuuun i:uenmu nu 0pyeou opu:. Koina n hpouocco hopo-
paofku n ofnoninom accouuafunnom kanano nosnukakf pasnunnwo co-
wfun, kakoo-fo onno chouuqunockoo cowfuo moxof hopoxnafi oco-
onno nwcokuu ypononi ochokoucfna. o npomn hocnononafoninwx
copuu nnuxonuu inas knuonf moxof nanafi cocponofonunaficn na mwc-
nnx unu nyncfnax, ofnocnmuxcn k fomy cowfuk. Iopopaofka hpo-
nonxaofcn no fox hop, hoka cfohoni ochokoucfna n mwcnnx unu nyn-
cfnax nocfuinof ymoponnoio yponnn u hopocfanof usmonnficn. 3afom
nooxonumo hopoopuonfuponafi nnumanuo knuonfa na opas unoio sna-
numoio ochokonmoio cowfun, hocnonnoio ho hopnnky hponnnonun n
hpouocco hopopaofku. Ofo unfoncuquuupyof hopoxunanun, u hopo-
paofka moxof wfi sanopmona.
1epeopuenmuuun nu ompuuume:inoe cu+onpe0cmuo:enue. nanano fpan-
mafunockoo cowfuo moxof nochpunumaficn kak nposnwnauno ocho-
konmoo, no safom ho mopo nosnuknononun npyiux mwcnou, hocfohon-
no ofknonnkmuxcn of hopnonananinoio cowfun, cfohoni ochokoucfna
cfanof honuxaficn. cnu nosnukaof nhonafnonuo, nfo hopopaofka
hpuocfanannunaofcn, honosno opafuficn k hopnonananinomy ofpuua-
foninomy hponcfannonuk, coonunun oio c hocnonnum ochokonmum
cowfuom. Ofo ynof nohonnufonino cfumynuponafi nucqynkuuonani-
nwu mafopuan u hosnonuf sanopmufi hopopaofky.
,ouo:enue no:oume:inoeo ymoep0enun. Koina hopopaofka hpu-
ocfanannunaofcn na nuskom yponno ochokoucfna, hcuxofopahonf mo-
xof hponnoxufi knuonfy noanufi no npomn copuu nnuxonuu inas nw-
paxonuo fuha ocfafonno! 1akou choco ynonununaof nyncfno
osohacnocfu knuonfa u hosnonnof sanopmufi hopopaofky. Kpomo foio,
hcuxofopahonf moxof hponnoxufi nnocfu honoxufoninoo camohponcfan-
nonuo no npomn nwhonnonun nnuxonuu inas. Ofo chococfnyof chon-
fannomy honumanuk cymnocfu cymocfnykmux ponfnwx ycfanonok nuo
244
moxof nwsnafi ohaconun n ofnomonuu hpuomnomocfu foio honoxufoni-
noio camohponcfannonun, k kofopomy opamaofcn knuonf. Onnako n
unwx cnynanx ypononi cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna ynof anfo-
mafunocku hanafi os hpunnoconun nohonnufoninoio koinufunnoio
mafopuana. Ionoxufoninoo camohponcfannonuo nonxno wfi uchoni-
sonano foniko c fom mafopuanom, hopopaofka kofopoio sacfohopunaci
na nuskom yponno ochokoucfna. Iohwfku hpoxnonpomonno hpunnoc-
fu honoxufoninoo camohponcfannonuo hpu nwcokom yponno ochokou-
cfna nwswnakf opafnwu qqokf, ocfannnn knuonfa n hnoxom cocfon-
nuu u c yoxnonuom, nfo honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo noxno u,
noponfnoo ncoio, nukoina no cfanof ucfunnwm. Icuxofopahonfunockuo
nanknonun hokaswnakf, nfo n ownnwx ocfonfonicfnax II no
ynof hpunonufi k nosnuknononuk noxnoio yfnopxnonun, hpunumao-
moio sa ucfunnoo; n fakom cnynao cama hopopaofka hpuocfanannuna-
ofcn u nyncfno, hpoonanakmoo na nannom unqopmauuonnom hnafo,
ynof cosnanafi coofnofcfnykmuo yoxnonun.
1pooepiu no:oume:inoeo cu+oomnomenun. Coomonun hcuxofopa-
honfon, paofakmux c II, hokaswnakf, nfo fa foxnuka no hpu-
nonuf k accumunnuuu mafopuana noxnoio, nopoanucfunockoio unu no
nnnnkmoiocn nnn nannoio knuonfa konoiunocku nanunnwm. cnu y
knuonfa no hpoucxonnf hpouoccw, xapakfopnwo nnn cfanuu uncfannn-
uuu, nooxonumo hpousnocfu hopoouonky ymocfnocfu honoxufonino-
io camohponcfannonun. 1akan hopoouonka nooxonuma u n fom cnynao,
ocnu y knuonfa nosnukaof nposmopnoo nosyxnonuo no npomn copuu
nnuxonuu inas, cocponofononnwx na honoxufoninom camohponcfanno-
nuu. pyian hpununa nospacfanun nosyxnonun na fou cfanuu hopo-
paofku moxof cocfonfi n cfumynnuuu sanokuponannwx yoxnonuu.
Ofof qakfop honpono pasupaofcn nuxo, n pasnono chomoiafoni-
nwo uonu.
to:opumenue i npe0+emy oo:0eucmoun
cnu nosnukaof nhonafnonuo, nfo n nannom accouuafunnom kanano
hamnfu hpouocc nosnuknononun nonwx accouuauuu hpuocfanannunaof-
cn, hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo nnoni nahpanufi knuonfa k hopnona-
naninomy hponmofy nosnoucfnun nnn nwhonnonun nohonnufoninwx co-
puu nnuxonuu inas. 3anopmakman cfanun coanca nknknaof n con
nosnpamonuo n hopnonananinomy hponmofy nosnoucfnun c nwhonnonu-
om nnuxonuu inas. Ofo nonaofcn nnn foio, nfow (i) ynocfonopuficn,
nof nu nohonnufoninwx accouuafunnwx kananon nucqynkuuonaninou
245
unqopmauuu, (2) hpucfyhufi k cfanuu uncfannnuuu u (J) sanopmufi
coanc ckanuponanuom fona.
Iockoniky nco hponnoxonnwo qopmw nosnoucfnun nocnf uccnono-
nafonickuu xapakfop, hcuxofopahonf nonxon homnufi, nfo fu nosnou-
cfnun numi hponocfannnkf nosmoxnocfi nocfuni paspomonun, no no
nakf iapanfuu, nfo ono hpousounof. 1ak kak hpouocc hopopaofku y
kaxnoio knuonfa nocuf unnununyaninwu u nohonfopumwu xapakfop, no-
oxonuma nocfafonnan mupofa hcuxofopahonfunockoio honxona. Iofo-
my nof nukakux iapanfuu, nfo fo unu unoo hponnoxonuo okaxofcn hpu-
omnomwm nnn konkpofnoio knuonfa. Kpomo foio, ocnu II hpumo-
nnofcn hpanunino, fa foxnuka no hponnaiaof knuonfy hpunumafi nfo-
nuo nohpuomnomoo unu hpofunoponamoo yoxnonunm, konoiunocku
nanunnwm nnn noio. cnu xo hohwfaficn cnonafi nonfo hononoo,
fponoxnocfi knuonfa nospacfof unu on hpnmo ofnopinof fo, nfo omy
hponnaiaof hcuxofopahonf. Ipunuuhuanino naxno, nfow no nosnu-
kan konqnukf moxny fpoonanunmu hcuxofopahonfa u cocfnonnwm
hponcfannonuom knuonfa o fom, nfo nnnnofcn ucfunnwm.
Bcnomoeumeaonme eau
Icuxofopahonfunockuo cfpafoiuu, ocyxnaomwo n nannom pasnono,
fpoykf of hcuxofopahonfa nwconaumou unfyuuuu u ohwfa n unonfu-
qukauuu hponmofa nosnoucfnun. Kak yxo ofmonanoci, foxnuka II
moxof nsaumonoucfnonafi c ymonunmu hcuxofopahonfa, no no moxof
samonufi ux. cnu knuonf no chocoon sanopmufi hpouocc hopopaof-
ku naxo hocno usmononun qokycuponku, cnonyof hpusnafi nosmoxnocfi
foio, nfo ochokoucfno nwswnaofcn unwmu qakfopamu.
Icuxofopahonfy nooxonumo unonfuquuuponafi hponomnyk onacfi
u paofafi c nou, hponnaian knuonfy cnok honnopxky u hpu nooxonu-
mocfu hopopaafwnafi ocfafonnwo noku. Hnoina nosnpamonuo k hop-
nonananinomy hponmofy nosnoucfnun ofknanwnaofcn no cnonykmoio
coanca, xofn n unwx cnynanx nnn fakoio opamonun nooxonumo numi
nockoniko minononuu. Knuonfa nooxonumo sanopufi, nfo hopoohpo-
nononuo qokycuponku no npomn coanca II nnnnofcn nacfik onoo
omupnou hcuxofopahonfunockou cfpafoiuu, fak xo kak oiyn na nnun-
nyk nucfanuuk nnocuf hohpanku n cnou hnanw n sanucumocfu of xa-
pakfopa mocfnocfu na mapmpyfo. Moxof wfi, hcuxofopahonfy hona-
noufcn nwhonnufi c knuonfom sanopmakmoo yhpaxnonuo, nfow
honynufi nosmoxnocfi ocynufi nkwo nosnukakmuo hponomw u hpu
nooxonumocfu nnocfu usmononun n hnan noucfnuu.
246
onoanumeaonme oocnomununun
ohonnufoninwo nochomunanun fo no nckpwfwo hpoxno pannuo
nochomunanun, ycununakmuo nucqynkuuonaninocfi u nokupykmuo
oo hopopaofky. anaufo nannom namo ocyxnonuo c kpafkoio osopa
usnoxonnoio panoo mafopuana. Ha hopnonananinom coanco, hocnnmon-
nom ohponononuk anamnosa cnynan, hpononufcn nwnnnonuo ycfounu-
nwx u cymocfnykmux nnufoninoo npomn nucqynkuuonaninwx haffopnon,
a fakxo hopnonananinoio fpanmafunockoio cowfun, cosnanmoio nco fu
haffopnw. Iponnaiaomwu hpofokon II, ynufwnakmuu onimun-
cfno sannnnomwx xano (on honpono ocyxnaofcn n cnonykmou ina-
no), nknknaof n con fpu cfanuu: ohponononuo uonu u hponmofa nosnou-
cfnun, f.o. hopnonananinoio fpanmafunockoio mafopuana; opamonuo
k cymocfnykmum n nacfonmoo npomn pasnpaxufonnm, nwswnakmum nuc-
qynkuuk; u hpusnanuo foio honoxufoninoio opasua, kofopwu non-
xon nwswnafi yckoponnoo naynonuo snoponwm qopmam nonoio honono-
nun, hpunonnmum k anoknafnwm u ymocfnwm ynymum noucfnunm. H
ocfanonunaci na fakou qopmo hpouonypw, fak kak hpu kchopumonfax
n i8? iony c nucqynkuunm knuonfon, cnnsannwmu c nacfonmum npo-
monom, ofkpwna, nfo onimuncfno nknou no npomn nwhonnonun nnu-
xonuu inas chonfanno nchomunakf cnou onoo pannuo hopoxunanun,
a fo, kfo ocfaofcn saqukcuponannwm numi na nwnomnou cufyauuu,
nacfo hponnnnkf nnno onimyk fponoxnocfi, u hpouocc hopopaofku
y nux moxof nokuponaficn.
Ocnonwnanci na unoo, nfo hopopaofka moxof wfi pasnokupona-
na, ocnu knuonf cfanof nonafi namoponno nonfo, yxo hpoucxonunmoo
chonfanno hpu npyiux cnynanx ychomnou hcuxofopahuu, n hponnoxu-
na cnoum hopnwm knuonfam ckanuponafi nochomunanun, cnnsannwo c
ofpuuafoninwm camohponcfannonuom. Koina fakoo nochomunanuo wno
unonfuquuuponano u honnopinyfo ychomnomy nononuk, n onapyxu-
na, nfo nwnomnnn nucqynkuun cfana monoo ochokonmou u n iopas-
no onimou mopo honnakmoucn hopopaofko, nom panoo. 1ak, houck
knuonfamu pannux nochomunanuu, cnnsannwx c ofpuuafoninwm camo-
hponcfannonuom, cfan naxnou hcuxofopahonfunockou cfpafoiuou, hpu-
monnomou hcuxofopahonfom nnn pasnokuponanun hpouocca hopopa-
ofku.
Knuonf moxof cnufafi, nfo pannnn nucqynkuuonaninocfi no cnn-
sana c oio nwnomnum hopoxunanuom. fakux cnynanx, ocnu noiafun-
nan poakuun na cymocfnykmuu pasnpaxufoni usupaofcn n kanocfno
hponmofa nosnoucfnun, ochokoucfno knuonfa noucfnufonino moxof
nospacfafi u nukakuo chocow, hponnaianmuocn panoo n nannou ina-
no, no ynyf hpunonufi k oo cnuxonuk. Ipunonom hpumop.
24?
Knuonfka xofona hpoufu coanc II, nfow nyncfnonafi con cho-
kounoo na paofo, ino ona uchwfwnana cuninwu nucfpocc ncnkuu pas,
koina moq copnuncn na noo. Iocno hpusnanun, nfo oo nucfpocc n cym-
nocfu conopmonno noymocfon (knuonfka no cfankunanaci nu c kakou
poaninou yiposou nnn con), hcuxofopahonf uspan n kanocfno hponmofa
nosnoucfnun cufyauuk na paofo. Knuonfka ionopuna o nwcokom yponno
fponoxnocfu u nocaxnakmux ou noohponononnwx omymonunx n noio.
Hocmofpn na uspanuo n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun pasnunnwx omymo-
nuu u uchonisonanuo hcuxofopahonfunockux cfpafoiuu nnn paofw c
sanokuponannou hopopaofkou, nwcokuu ypononi ochokoucfna ocfa-
nancn nousmonnwm. Hakonou hcuxofopahonf hponnoxun cocponofonufi-
cn na ofpuuafoninom camohponcfannonuu H naxoxyci n ohacnocfu,
ckanupyn n fo npomn cnou nofckuo nochomunanun nnn unonfuqukauuu
npyiux cnynaon, koina hponnnonun inona osnananu nanunuo ohacnocfu.
Chycfn nockoniko minononuu knuonfka coomuna o npkom nochomu-
nanuu ofou n hpucfyho inona offonknyn oo of nnopuw xononuninu-
ka. Koina fo nochomunanuo wno uspano hponmofom nosnoucfnun,
hopopaofka nananaci c camoio copiosnoio momonfa (omymonun n noio,
honpoxnonnou ofuom, cnanana ycununuci, a safom ocnaonu). Koina
hopopaofka foio nochomunanun wna sanopmona, knuonfka onapy-
xuna, nfo oo nwnomnnn cufyauun c moqom na camom nono no nacfoni-
ko ochokonman, u noino cmoina hpoufu hpouocc hopopaofku.
Mnoiuo hcuxofopahonfw nwpaxakf ynoponnocfi, nfo noymocfnwo
poakuuu knuonfon na nyncfno inona no nspocnom nospacfo nosnuknu n
nofcfno, onnako hpoucxoxnonuo nucqynkuuonaninocfu no cfoni honnf-
no. 1oopofunockoo hponhonoxonuo, uchonisyomoo hpu II-hcuxo-
fopahuu, cocfouf n fom, nfo nkan nwnomnnn nucqynkuuonaninan
poakuun (sa ucknknonuom hafonoiuu, umokmux opianunockyk unu
uoxumunockyk hpupony) ownno nnnnofcn posynifafom hponwnymoio
ohwfa, xofn, kononno, noonsafonino cnnsannoio foniko c nofcfnom.
Ononunno, nfo nonannoo fpanmafunockoo cowfuo (nahpumop, cfuxuu-
noo oncfnuo unu anfomouninan kafacfpoqa), hponnnnkmoo con n
xanoax knuonfon, cpasy xo nonxno uchonisonaficn n kanocfno hpon-
mofa nosnoucfnun. ohonnufoninwo nochomunanun moiyf hpunonufi k
nokuponanuk hpouocca hopopaofku. Xofn hcuxofopahonfw, cfpoio
hpunopxunakmuocn honononnockou opuonfauuu, moiyf hpononxafi
hpumonnfi II ucknknufonino k nwnomnum nucqynkuunm (c nou-
cfnufonino hpokpacnwmu posynifafamu no mnoiux cnynanx), hpu sa-
nokuponannocfu hopopaofku naxno hpousnonufi ckanuponanuo nnn
nwnnnonun nohonnufoninwx nochomunanuu.
Ofpuuafoninwo qqokfw nohonnufoninwx nochomunanuu moiyf
nanknaficn u n fox cnynanx, koina, kasanoci w, ychomnan hopopa-
ofka nwnomnou cufyauuu hpu hocnonykmom honfopnom uspanuu oo
248
n kanocfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun cnona nanunaof nwswnafi y knuonfa
ochokoucfno. Iockoniky ckanuponanuo hamnfu, nahpannonnoo na
houck nohonnufoninwx nochomunanuu, moxof nwswnafi cuninoo oc-
hokoucfno hpu sanokuponannocfu hopopaofku unu hpu honfopnom
opamonuu k nochomunanuk, kofopoo, kasanoci w, yxo ychomno
hopopaofano, hcuxofopahonfy ocfi cmwcn hpumonufi cfannapfnwu
hpofokon II u opafuficn hpoxno ncoio k nauonoo pannum nocho-
munanunm. Onnako hponoma nohonnufoninwx nochomunanuu nosnu-
kaof u na nfopou cfanuu, hponnaiaomou hpofokonom (opamonuo k
nwnomnum pasnpaxufonnm), koina pannuo fpanmafunockuo cowfun no
conhanakf c usupanmumucn n kanocfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun na hop-
nou cfanuu u cfanonnfcn nooxunannwm ucfonnukom ochokoucfna.
Hooxonumo hosnonufi knuonfy sannfi nonymyk poni n uccnonona-
nuu cnoux pannux nochomunanuu. 1ak, onun us knuonfon xofon hpu-
monufi II nnn ycfpanonun fponoxnocfu, cnnsannou c hponcfonmum
unchokuuonnwm nusufom hpanufonicfnonnoio aionfa. Ipoxno ncoio
hcuxofopahonf ohpononun, umoof nu fponoxnocfi knuonfa poaninyk
honny, mw yxo ofmonanu, nfo II no moxof ycfpanufi mouuu,
anoknafnwo poaninou cufyauuu unu honfankunakmuo knuonfa k conop-
monuk ymocfnwx n fakom cnynao noucfnuu. cnu fponoxnocfi cnnsana
c poaninwm saononanuom, fo nhonno ohpannannoo ochokoucfno npnn
nu moxno ynof ycfpanufi c homomik II. Koina nwncnunoci, nfo
n noucfnufoninocfu knuonf honnocfik iofon k nusufy unchokfopa,
hcuxofopahonf nanan nononuo c ofpuuafoninoio camohponcfannonun H
noynannuk. kanocfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun wno uspano umonno
fo camohponcfannonuo, fak kak fponoxnocfi knuonfa nnno wna cnn-
sana c hponnyncfnuom, nfo unchokfop naunof nononofw n oio nonfoni-
nocfu. Knuonf cooman o coxpannkmomcn y noio nyncfno ochokoucfna,
ouonunaomom n 8 anon ho Hkano cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna
nosanucumo of foio, kakoo konunocfno nohonnufoninwx napuanfon
II wno uchonisonano. 3afom hcuxofopahonf hponnoxun knuonfy
unonfuquuuponafi nofckoo nochomunanuo, cosnanmoo y noio ofpuua-
foninoo camohponcfannonuo H yny noynannukom. Knuonf ofmonan,
nfo omy no hpuxonuf n ionony nunoio, cnnsannoio c nofcfnom, no ho-
nonwu cnynau wn y noio no npomn ynow n achupanfypo. Ofo cow-
fuo nmocfo c ofpuuafoninwm camohponcfannonuom wno uspano n ka-
nocfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun u hpu nwhonnonuu nnuxonuu inas knu-
onf samofun: a, fo noucfnufonino wno n fo npomn.... Iopopaof-
ka nochomunanun hpunona knuonfa k hpusnanuk, nfo on nonco no nn-
nnofcn noynannukom (on nchomnun, nfo naxo ychomno hpomon foc-
fuponanuo, koina omy nosnpafunu ncfyhufoninwo nokymonfw) u na
camom nono on nhonno sacnyxunaof ychoxa. Koina hponcfonmuu nusuf
unchokfopa wn cnona uspan n kanocfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun, ypo-
24
noni ochokoucfna y knuonfa snanufonino honusuncn u ocfafonnwu
nucfpocc wn noiko hopopaofan.
Kak nunno us fux hpumopon, hcuxofopahonf nonxon hpouncfpyk-
fuponafi knuonfa, nfow on nokanusuponan camwo pannuo us nocfyh-
nwx omy nochomunanuu, cnnsannwo c ofpuuafoninwm camohponcfanno-
nuom. Ckanuponanuo nofckux nochomunanuu nacfo nckpwnaof mafopuan,
nyxnakmuucn n hopopaofko. Onnako nnn foio nooxonumw ohpono-
nonnwo hpoqoccuonaninwo nanwku, fak kak hopnonananinoo ofpuua-
foninoo camohponcfannonuo, ohponononnoo knuonfom, moxof no wfi
nohocponcfnonno cnnsannwm c pannum nochomunanuom. Hahpumop,
hopnonananinoo ofpuuafoninoo hponcfannonuo knuonfku, paofakmou
n oquco u uchwfwnakmou cuninoo nonnonuo kaxnwu pas, koina oo moq
nanunaof copnuficn, moxof wfi uspano nnn cocponofononun na oo
nwnomnou cufyauuu u nopanusonano kak H no cmoiy hpoychofi.
3anana hcuxofopahonfa n fom cnynao cocfouf n fom, nfow cqopmupo-
nafi cnnsi moxny nyncfnom cfpaxa knuonfku u nosmoxnwm fpanmafunoc-
kum ohwfom nofcfna.
Hnou choco onapyxufi nohonnufoninwo nochomunanun cocfouf
n fom, nfo knuonfy hponnaiakf cocponofonuficn na hpoonanakmux
mouunx u qusunockom omymonuu, nopanusonafi ux u safom ckanu-
ponafi pannuo nochomunanun. Hahpumop, n onnom us cnynaon nwnom-
nuo xanow knuonfa, onmoiocn nofafi na camonofo, wnu hopopao-
fanw c homomik uspanun hponmofom nosnoucfnun opasa noucfnufoni-
noio honofa na camonofo. 3afom mouuu knuonfa usmonunuci u hopo-
paofka hpuocfanonunaci. Honwo mouuu u cnnsannwo c numu omy-
monun wnu ononi cuninwmu. Knuonf hpusnan nanunuo ofpuuafoni-
noio camohponcfannonun H nyncfnyk con noanoknafno. 3afom omy
wno hponnoxono sakpwfi inasa, cocponofonuficn na qusunockux omy-
monunx u na ofpuuafoninom camohponcfannonuu, a hofom ckanuponafi
nochomunanun o nofcfno, nfow naufu momonfw, koina on uchwfw-
nan hononwo xo cuninwo nyncfna. On nchomnun, nfo unoina oio mafi
xanonanaci na fo, nfo on noomo honnuncn na cnof. Iocno hopopaof-
ku foio nochomunanun oio cfpax hopon honofamu, accouuuponanmuu-
cn c mnoionucnonnwmu nohonnufoninwmu cowfunmu, wn n snanu-
foninou cfohonu paspomon.
Koina paofa c nokamu hpunonuf k no packpwfwm panoo nohonnu-
foninwm nochomunanunm, hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo paccmofpofi
pasnunnwo nosmoxnocfu naninoumux noucfnuu. K cnacfik, hopopaof-
ka c homomik II hpoucxonuf nacfoniko wcfpo, nfo omuonnocfi
fox unu unwx noucfnuu foxo onapyxunaofcn ononi wcfpo. Iomnufo,
nfo nohonnufoninwo nochomunanun nnnnkfcn nposnwnauno naxnwm
nomonfom ychomnou hopopaofku cowfuu, hpoucxonunmux c knuon-
25O
fom no nspocnom nospacfo, n ocoonnocfu ocnu nohonnufoninwo noc-
homunanun cnnsanw c nwnomnou cufyauuou.
1:oiupyumue ye0enun
Koina hopopaofka hopnonananinoio hponmofa nosnoucfnun okasw-
naofcn osychomnou, hcuxofopahonf nonxon paccmofpofi nosmoxnocfi
nanunun y knuonfa ofpuuafoninwx yoxnonuu, nokupykmux hpouocc
hopopaofku. Kak yxo ofmonanoci n hponwnymux pasnonax, fo moxno
cnonafi c homomik nohpocon Hfo momaof cnuxonuk yponnn ocho-
koucfna no nynn ho Hkano cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna (ocnu
knuonf naxonufcn na cfanuu noconcuunusauuu) unu Hfo momaof,
nfow ypononi coofnofcfnun hponcfannonun nocfui comu annon ho
Hkano coofnofcfnun hponcfannonuu (ocnu knuonf naxonufcn na cfa-
nuu uncfannnuuu). Hacfo knuonf unonfuquuupyof unoo ofpuuafoninoo
hponcfannonuo, kofopoo moxof wfi uspannwm n kanocfno hponmofa
nosnoucfnun, a fakxo chocoon hocno ckanuponanun ohpononufi coof-
nofcfnykmoo panoo nochomunanuo, accouuupykmoocn c ofpuuafoninwm
camohponcfannonuom. Onnako, naxo ocnu fo unonfuquuuponannoo
ofpuuafoninoo hponcfannonuo (nokupykmoo yoxnonuo) wno us-
pano hponmofom nosnoucfnun, hopopaofka hopnonananinou uonu nos-
noucfnun nco panno moxof hpuocfanannunaficn.
Ipunonom hpumop c nofopanom nounw no iofnamo, hpoxonunmum
nononuo of cumhfomon hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma. io ochoko-
unu hpucfyhw hanuku, hpoucxonunmuo fpu-nofwpo pasa n nononk,
nannsnunwo nochomunanun, nosnukanmuo kaxnwu pas, koina nan num
hponofan camonof, a fakxo nwcokuu ypononi omou fponoxnocfu u
cfpomnonuo usoiafi konfakfon c nknimu. Iocno ouonunanun cufya-
uuu knuonfy wno hponnoxono honoxufoninoo hponcfannonuo H moiy
uchwfwnafi komqopf, konfponupyn con u hcuxofopahonf nyncfno-
nan, nfo hofponocfi knuonfa n konfpono wna cfoni nwcoka hofomy,
nfo hpucfyhw hanuku nosnukanu y noio hpu sacwhanuu. Knuonf hpu-
nnn honoxufoninoo camohponcfannonuo. 3afom wno hponnoxono of-
puuafoninoo camohponcfannonuo H no konfponupyk con. Koina hcu-
xofopahonf hponnoxun uspafi n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun cowfuo,
ofpaxakmoo fo camohponcfannonuo, fo knuonf nchomnun, kak cpasy
hocno nosnpamonun c nounw xona homocfuna oio n hcuxuafpunockyk
oninuuy (fo nochomunanuo on ouonunan n iO annon ho Hkano
cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna u okasancn choconwm n hpouocco
hopopaofku honusufi ypononi ochokoucfna no nynn). Onnako, koina
hcuxofopahonf hponnoxun ouonufi cfohoni coofnofcfnun honoxufoni-
noio camohponcfannonun, knuonf ofnofun H no sacnyxunak foio,
25i
nfow nyncfnonafi con komqopfno n cocfonnuu konfponn. 1akoo yf-
nopxnonuo moxno wno cnufafi hponnnonuom nokupykmoio yoxno-
nun, fak kak ono hpohnfcfnonano sanopmonuk hopopaofku u nocfu-
xonuk paspomonun. Iofomy hcuxofopahonf hponnoxun unonfuquuu-
ponafi nochomunanuo, ofpaxakmoo nyncfno nonocfounocfu. ofopan
pacckasan o noynannou hohwfko ycfanonnonun cokcyaninwx ofnomonuu
c xonmunou, k kofopou wn hpunnsan. Ofo nochomunanuo wno ho-
popaofano, u ypononi ochokoucfna ho Hkano Cb cnusuncn c 8 an-
non no O. Onnako hopon fom, kak ouonunafi coofnofcfnuo hponcfanno-
nun, knuonf chonfanno samofun: a, mno nyxno wno w hoionopufi
c fou xonmunou, no n ofnomonuu ncoio ocfaninoio n, noponfno, yny
nco fak xo uchwfwnafi noynanu. Ofo nnno ykaswnano na nanunuo of-
puuafoninoio camohponcfannonun, nokupykmoio nocfuxonuo naninou-
moio paspomonun, u knuonfy wno hponnoxono unonfuquuuponafi
ocnonnoo nochomunanuo, cnnsannoo c nyncfnom cnoou noynannunocfu.
On pacckasan o fpaiunockou ucfopuu, koina no npomn nounw wn omu-
onno onunon n fom, nfo ocfanun cnou hocf u fo hpunono k cmopfu
npyiux connaf. Ha camom xo nono on n fo npomn conopmun iopounoc-
kuu hocfyhok. Ofo nochomunanuo nmocfo c cohyfcfnykmum omy ofpu-
uafoninwm camohponcfannonuom H noynannuk wno ychomno hopo-
paofano, nfo hosnonuno honoxufoninomy camohponcfannonuk (H moiy
nyncfnonafi con komqopfno, naxonnci n cocfonnuu konfponn) noc-
funi ? annon ho Hkano coofnofcfnun hponcfannonuu. Cumhfomw ho-
cffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma y foio knuonfa hocfohonno cnuxanuci ho
mopo foio, kak on cfan hponhpunumafi pasnunnwo mopw camohomomu.
Hopos fpu mocnua on ycfpouncn na paofy u cmoi ncfyhufi n unfumnwo
ofnomonun c xonmunou.
Onnako nokupykmuo yoxnonun no ncoina moiyf wfi nopanuso-
nanw knuonfamu fak ofnofnuno, kak n nannom cnynao. Koina hopopa-
ofka hpuocfanannunaofcn, nocmofpn na uchonisonanuo pasnunnwx
nohonnufoninwx honxonon, knuonfy nooxonumo hponnoxufi sakpwfi
inasa, nymafi o fpanmafunockou cufyauuu u nopanusonafi nkwo nos-
nukakmuo hpu fom mwcnu. Icuxofopahonf nonxon fmafonino ouonu-
nafi hofok cosnanun knuonfa nnn nwncnonun ofpuuafoninou camoafpu-
yuuu n xono mwcnou knuonfa. Hchonisonanuo honoxufoninwx
unfophpofauuu u ofpuuafoninwx hponcfannonuu nacfo packpwnakf sa-
nokuponannwo yoxnonun, kofopwo safom moiyf wfi uspanw n kano-
cfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun. Koina nohonnufoninoo nochomunanuo,
hponcfannnkmoo nokupykmoo yoxnonuo, ynof ychomno hopopao-
fano, knuonf cmoxof honynufi nocfyh k ocnonnomy nochomunanuk,
wnmomy hopnonananinwm hponmofom nosnoucfnun, u fakum opasom
sanopmufi hpouocc hopopaofku. Ofo hpoucxonuf noiko, ocnu nok wn
n nocfafonnou cfohonu hopopaofan.
252
lmpuxu
Iopopaofka uspannou n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun unqopmauuu
moxof wfi nokuponana u ncnoncfnuo cfpaxa knuonfa hopon hocnoncfnu-
nmu camou hopopaofku. hopnyk onoponi hcuxofopahonf nonxon wfi
ynopon, nfo knuonf nyncfnyof con n osohacnocfu u naxonufcn n kon-
fokcfo honnopxunakmux hcuxofopahonfunockux ofnomonuu, a fakxo nfo
on no ynof hpohnfcfnonafi mouuonaninwm u koinufunnwm hpouoc-
cam, hwfanci okasafi na nux nosnoucfnuo.
Cfpax hopon hocnoncfnunmu hpouocca cnnsan n hopnyk onoponi c
ponfnwmu ycfanonkamu, f.o. c kom unu c nom knuonfy hpunofcn cfon-
knyficn n fom cnynao, ocnu hcuxofopahun ynof ychomno sanopmona.
Kak yxo ionopunoci n inano 4, nnn nocfuxonun nwpaxonnoio hcuxofo-
pahonfunockoio qqokfa nco ponfnwo ycfanonku nonxnw wfi nwncnonw
sapanoo. Cfpax hopon hpouoccom moxof noino hpusnanaficn n fom cny-
nao, ocnu knuonf ofmonaof fo nomonfw II unu hcuxofopahonfunoc-
kux nsaumoofnomonuu, kofopwo nnnnkfcn nnn noio hponomafunnw-
mu. Hahpumop, knuonf moxof nwckaswnafi coopaxonun o hpununo
cnooio ochokoucfna unu o fom, nfo ypononi oio nucfpocca cosnaof of-
nyxnonnocfi of hcuxofopahonfa. no sanucumocfu of hpununw sano-
kuponannocfi nonxna wfi uccnononana, a knuonf ychokoon omo no
foio, kak nosononufcn hopopaofka c homomik II. cnu cfpax
hauuonfa wn onnaxnw ocyxnon, fo hocno foio oio ocfafonnwo hpo-
nnnonun noiko moiyf wfi uspanw n kanocfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun
(ocnu, kononno, knuonf naof coinacuo).
Iomumo cnon camoio knuonfa hpusnakamu cfpaxa, nokupykmoio
hpouocc hopopaofku, moxno nasnafi cnonykmuo nnnonun: i) nnno
nwpaxonnan nahpnxonnocfi, hpucyfcfnykman nno sanucumocfu of cfo-
honu hopopaofku fpanmafunockoio mafopuana, nosnukaof nhonafno-
nuo, nfo knuonfa nwnonuf us pannonocun cam nun nnuxymuxcn hani-
uon hcuxofopahonfa; 2) hocfonnnwo ocfanonku no npomn nnuxonuu inas;
J) fpynnocfu n nwhonnonuu camux nnuxonuu inas; 4) noxonanuo hpu-
numafi ynacfuo n hpouonypo II, naxo ocnu hponwnymuu ohwf u
knununockuo posynifafw wnu nnno honoxufoninwmu.
Ipu honnnonuu fakux fopmosnmux momonfon hcuxofopahonfy noo-
xonumo uccnononafi ux, sananan knuonfy nohpocw o nosmoxnwx hpu-
nunax nosnuknononun fux hponom, hpohnfcfnykmux nocfuxonuk
honoxufoninoio paspomonun. co hoponucnonnwo hpusnaku moiyf
nwswnaficn pasnunnwmu qakfopamu, hofomy hcuxofopahonfy nooxo-
numo fmafonino ux usynufi. cfocfnonno, hpu fom hcuxofopahonf
nonxon yoxnafi knuonfa, nfo nukakux hponom nof u n hpouocco ho-
popaofku hpocfo nosnukanu nonwo ocfonfonicfna, kofopwo nooxo-
25J
numo ynocfi nnn nocfuxonun ychoxa hcuxofopahuu. Ionosno ckasafi
knuonfy, nfo n ohponononnom cmwcno nco oio cfpaxu nhonno ocfocfnon-
nw, hockoniky ocfi honnfnwo hpununw nnn nux; uoni xo hcuxofopa-
huu cocfouf n fom, nfow unonfuquuuponafi u hopopaofafi cfpaxu,
kofopwo no nnnnkfcn oocnonannwmu.
Icuxofopahonfy nooxonumo wfi ononi nnumafoninwm kak k nop-
aninwm, fak u k nonopaninwm hpusnakam hponnnonun cfpaxa y knu-
onfa. Iomnufo, nfo nco fu cfpaxu nooxonumo ocynufi u knuonf
nonxon ychokouficn hopon nosononnonuom hopopaofku hopnonanani-
noio hponmofa nosnoucfnun. o npomn hpouocca hopopaofku knuonf
moxof ofmonafi pasnunnwo cfpaxu, nokofopwo fuhw kofopwx ynyf
ocyxnonw n cnonykmux pasnonax.
lmpux coumu c y+u. cnu nyncfna, nosnukakmuo no npomn coanca
II, okaswnakfcn nposnwnauno unfoncunnwmu, knuonf moxof uc-
hwfafi cfpax, nfo onu hopohonnnf oio. Knuonfa nooxonumo ychoko-
ufi u sanopufi, nfo oio mouuu nnnnkfcn nacfik hpomnoio ohwfa,
hpoxonnmoio counac hopopaofky, u nfo no wno cnynan, koina knu-
onfw cxonunu c yma no npomn II-hcuxofopahuu. Ionosno nahom-
nufi o mofaqopunockom opaso hoosna, a fakxo o nosmoxnocfu n nk-
ou momonf honafi hcuxofopahonfy cuinan cfoh u choconocfu
nosnpafuficn n osohacnoo mocfo. Hooxonumo, nfow onu hpocfo
ofmonanu cnou omymonun u mouuu, no hwfanci ouonunafi ux unu uc-
hwfwnafi cfpax hopon numu. Hooxonumo nahomnufi u o fom, nfo of-
poaiuponanuo moxof wfi hpounono wcfpoo n fom cnynao, ocnu onu
ynyf hpononxafi nnuxonun inas, honono fomy kak nononok, nonymuu
mamuny, wcfpoo hpoonof nopos fomnwu fynnoni, ocnu ynof naxumafi
na honani iasa. Koina knuonf honyncfnyof honnopxky u honynuf paspo-
monuo hpononxafi hpouocc, hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo usupafi n
kanocfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun nkwo ocfafonnwo cfpaxu no fox hop,
hoka onu honnocfik no ucnosnyf. 3afom hcuxofopahonf u knuonf non-
xnw opafuficn k hopnonananinomy hponmofy nosnoucfnun.
lmpux ympumumi npunmnie oocno+ununun. bwcfpwo usmononun n
opaso, nosnukakmuo no npomn II, unoina nwsnakf y knuonfa oc-
hokoucfno. Onnou us qopm oio ofnofnou poakuuu moiyf wfi cnona:
unumo, n nonak nfo-fo nohpanunino; n no moiy ynopxafi opas.
pyiou nun cfpaxa cocfouf n fom, nfo knuonf oufcn yfpafufi nco cnou
nochomunanun o nononoko unu cufyauuu, cnnsannou c hponmofom nos-
noucfnun. Hahpumop, knuonf, hpoxonnmuu nononuo ho honony npos-
mopnoio iopn hocno yfpafw nkumoio nononoka, moxof usupafi n ka-
nocfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun fpaiunockuo ocfonfonicfna yfpafw unu xo
254
opas nkumoio nononoka, uchwfwnakmoio cfpananun. Ofu opasw
hocno uspanun ux n kanocfno uonu nosnoucfnun moiyf cfanonuficn o-
noo fycknwmu unu noncnwmu, u knuonf ynof uchwfwnafi cfpax, nfo
ocnu hopopaofka hpononxufcn, fo on honnocfik yfpafuf nosmoxnocfi
nwsnafi us hamnfu opas nkumoio nononoka.
Knuonfa nooxonumo ychokoufi u sanopufi n fom, nfo omo no wno
cnynan, koina n hpouocco II hauuonfw yfpanunanu w cnou nocho-
munanun o hpunfnwx hopoxunanunx unu o nopoiux um nknnx. Knunu-
nockuo nanknonun hokaswnakf, nfo koina hopopaafwnakfcn ofpuua-
foninwo opasw, fo u honoxufoninwo opasw cfanonnfcn onoo
nocfyhnwmu. Iamnfi o cowfuu coxpanufcn naxo n fom cnynao, ocnu
no ynof nukakoio hponcfannnkmoio oio opasa, hamnfi cnnsana no
foniko c opasnocfik, a ocnonana na pasnoopasnwx concopnwx u
koinufunnwx qakfopax. II nukoina no nwswnaof yfpafy hamnfu.
Onnako opas noucfnufonino moxof yiacnyfi, kak yiacakf nannuo noc-
homunanun. Ofo cnnsano c fom, nfo II-hcuxofopahun hosnonnof
fpanmafunockomy nochomunanuk sannfi cnoo mocfo n hpomnom.
Knuonfa moxno ychokoufi, hponnoxun omy nwsnafi nochomunanuo
o honoxufoninom cowfuu, cnnsannom c nkumwm nononokom, u of-
mofufi, nfo fo nochomunanuo coxpanunoci os usmononuu. Koina
knuonf cam yonufcn n fom, hopopaofka moxof nosononuficn.
lmpux nepe0 u:+enenun+u. Cfpax hopon usmononunmu moxof hpon-
cfannnfi nauonimyk fpynnocfi nnn paofw, u hofomy ponfnwo ycfa-
nonku knuonfa nonxnw wfi ohponononw omo no foio, kak hopopaof-
ka ynof nahpannona na hopnonananinwu hponmof nosnoucfnun.
1pynnocfi snoci cocfouf n fom, nfo ponfnwo ycfanonku moiyf nknknafi
n con pasnoopasnwo nosmoxnwo achokfw ychoxa hcuxofopahuu, n fom
nucno cfpax hopon:
ychoxom;
hponanom;
nousnocfnocfik posynifafa;
yfpafou konfponn;
yfpafou unonfunnocfu;
nousnocfnocfik n cnynao ychoxa hcuxofopahuu;
hpokpamonuom hcuxofopahuu unu omonun c hcuxofopahonfom;
usmonou ponufonickomy nakasy;
nononninocfik ho ofnomonuk k ponufonnm us-sa nocxoncfna c numu.
Ocnonnan hcuxofopahonfunockan fpynnocfi, cnnsannan c fumu cfpa-
xamu, cocfouf n fom, nfo onu moiyf ocnonwnaficn na noucfnufoninom
u cnnsannom c hpomnwm nucqynkuuonaninwm mafopuanom, nyxnak-
mumcn n hopopaofko c homomik II, no nco fo hpunonuf numi k
255
cohpofunnonuk cofpynnunocfny c hcuxofopahonfom c uonik nocfuxo-
nun uonu nononun.
Icuxofopahonf nonxon hohwfaficn unonfuquuuponafi nucqynkuu-
onaninwo yoxnonun, ckpwfwo sa cfpaxom knuonfa hopon usmononun-
mu. 3afom onu nmocfo c knuonfom nonxnw uccnononafi mafopuan, nw-
swnakmuu cohpofunnonuo. nn foio knuonfy nooxonumo sanafi
nohpoc fuha Hfo hpousounof n fom cnynao, ocnu nw nocfuinofo ycho-
xa u hpumonufi nnn ocyxnonun koinufunnoo hopocfpykfypuponanuo,
mofaqopw u f.h. 3afom nooxonumo paspaofafi uopapxuk ofpuuafoni-
nwx yoxnonuu, nokupykmux choconocfi knuonfa k usmononunm.
Hahpumop, hopnwu us cfpaxon, kofopwu moxno wno w yhomnnyfi,
cocfouf n onsnu yfpafufi cnnsi c hcuxofopahonfom; nfopwm moxno
nasnafi cfpax noynanu u f.h. C fumu cfpaxamu nooxonumo paofafi n
hopnyk onoponi. Hahpumop, cfpax yfpafufi cnnsi c hcuxofopahonfom
moxof wfi ycfpanon okasanuom hocfonnnou hcuxofopahonfunockou
honnopxku. Iocno unonfuqukauuu ocnonnwx nochomunanuu, qopmu-
pykmux npyiuo ofpuuafoninwo yoxnonun, hcuxofopahonfy nooxonu-
mo honynufi paspomonuo knuonfa na hopopaofky fux nochomunanuu.
axnocfi unonfuqukauuu fux achokfon nocfuxonun qqokfa hcuxo-
fopahuu fpynno hpoynonunufi.
Hacfo nauonoo honnopxonnwo cfpaxy usmononuu knuonfw yxo hpu-
numanu ynacfuo n fpanuuuonnou noniocponnou hcuxofopahuu. Onun us
fakux knuonfon, hpoxonunmuu nononuo hcuxonunamunockumu mofona-
mu na hpofnxonuu 25 nof, hpopnan cnou hopnwu coanc II, koina
hponmofom nosnoucfnun wno uspano nochomunanuo o nacunuu co cfo-
ponw ponufonou. On ckasan: H nyncfnyk, nfo hocno coanca nochomu-
nanuo moxof hokunyfi monn, a mno no xofonoci w foio, fak kak n
nyncfnyk, nfo ono ononi hoynufonino nnn monn. 1akuo knuonfw nac-
fo hponnnnkf noxonanuo nwhonnnfi nomamnuo sananun, hwfakfcn
nposmopno nopanusonafi cnou hopoxunanun u xocfko konfponuponafi
xon hcuxofopahonfunockoio hpouocca. cnu no ynufwnafi ux cfpax ho-
pon usmononunmu, fo u cam hcuxofopahonfunockuu qqokf moxof oka-
saficn nocima nosnanufoninwm.
Ho cnonyof nymafi, nfo cfpax hopon usmononunmu hpucym numi
knuonfam, nonioo npomn yknonnkmumcn of cofpynnunocfna c hcuxo-
fopahonfom, fakuo cfpaxu moiyf nosnukafi y ncox. Hof nunoio noo-
wnnoio n fom, nfo cfpax hopon usmononunmu ynof nosnukafi n ohpo-
nononnwu momonf hocno foio, kak oniman nacfi fpanmafunockux
cowfuu ychomno hopopaofana. Iocno paofw c nauonoo ochokon-
mum mafopuanom knuonf n onimou mopo ocosnaof noucfnufoninwo qak-
fopw, hpucyfcfnykmuo n oio nwnomnou xusnu. Cfpax usmononuu mo-
xof nosnukafi, ocnu hwfaficn usmonufi honononuo knuonfa nnn
nocfuxonun um nonou cfohonu ocosnananun unu xo ocnu knuonf ocos-
256
naof nooxonumocfi unfoipuponafi nonoo nochpunfuo camoio con n yc-
nonunx nnno nucqynkuuonaninou comiu, na paofo unu n couuaninou
cucfomo n uonom. Knuonf moxof unonfuquuuponafi cfpaxu, nosnuka-
kmuo hpu hopopaofko nonwx hponmofon nosnoucfnun, ohucwnan ux
hofom n cnoom nnonnuko. Onnako moxof wfi u fakoo, nfo nu onun us
knuonfon no ynof uchwfwnafi cfpaxa usmononun ofpuuafoninoio hpon-
cfannonun no npomn cfanuu uncfannnuuu.
cnu xo no npomn coanca II nosnukaof cfpax usmononuu, fo
moxno no foniko ocynufi fof cfpax, no u uspafi oio n kanocfno uonu
nosnoucfnun, sananan knuonfy nohpoc: Ino n fono nw nyncfnyofo fof
cfpax Hnoina cfpax ynof paccounaficn ocfocfnonno, os nooxonu-
mocfu usupafi hponmofom nosnoucfnun hopnonananinwu mafopuan,
accouuupykmuucn c num. cnu knuonf cam nchomunaof, kak nosnuk
oio cfpax, fo nochomunanuo nonxno wfi hopopaofano no foio, kak
opamaficn k hopnonananinomy hponmofy nosnoucfnun. cnu cfpax oc-
naonaof os hponnnonun hopnonananinoio mafopuana, hopopaofka
moxof wfi ychomno sanopmona, no nopos nononk nooxonumo hpono-
pufi, no hpoucxonuf nu cnona nospacfanuo ochokoucfna. cnu hcu-
xofopahonfunockuu qqokf no coxpannofcn, fo, nosmoxno, cfpax us-
mononuu no wn anoknafno hopopaofan. fom cnynao cnonyof
hpoananusuponafi ofpuuafoninoo camohponcfannonuo, cnnsannoo co
cfpaxom usmononuu, a nwnomnkk cufyauuk knuonfa nooxonumo fma-
fonino uccnononafi nnn ohponononun nkwx ofnocnmuxcn k fomy cfpaxy
momonfon. wnnnonnyk hpununy nosnuknononun nucqynkuuonanino-
cfu nooxonumo uspafi hponmofom nosnoucfnun. nkom cnynao hcu-
xofopahonfy nooxonumo hpunnfi no nnumanuo nosmoxnocfi nanunun
cfpaxa usmononuu u ncox ponfnwx ycfanonok, hponcfannnkmux coou
nacfi hafonoiuu. Onnako cnonyof homnufi, nfo nokofopwo cfpaxu mo-
iyf umofi hon coou nhonno poaninyk ocnony nahpumop, cfpax cfpa-
nakmoio hocffpanmafunockum cunnpomom nofopana niofnamckou nou-
nw yfpafufi hpano honynonun hocoun. co fu cfpaxu nonxnw wfi
ynfonw hpu cocfannonuu hnana nononun, hockoniky coomonun hcu-
xofopahonfon ykaswnakf na fo, nfo II no moxof ycfpanufi fo, nfo
umoof hon coou poaninyk ocnony.
Hcmounuiu ecnoioucmou
Hanunuo ucfonnukon ochokoucfna ykaswnaof na onimoo konuno-
cfno sanokuponannwx mouuu, hpohnfcfnykmux hopopaofko hpu cfan-
napfnou II-hcuxofopahuu. 1akan cufyauun moxof nosnukafi y mno-
iux unnununon, ownno no cfpomnmuxcn opamaficn sa hcuxofopahon-
funockou homomik. Ofu knuonfw moiyf opamaficn k hcuxofopahonfy
25?
hon nnunnuom snanumwx nnn nux npyiux nuu, no camu no umokf ocoo-
io xonanun cohpukacaficn co cnoumu ckpwfwmu nyncfnamu. fy ipyh-
hy knuonfon moxno nknknufi fox, koio nwnyxnaof opafuficn k hcu-
xofopahonfy cyhpyia (unu cyhpyi) c uonik coxpanonun comiu. Ipu-
mopom moxof wfi myx, ohucanmuu n hopnunnou ocono cnok fnxo-
nyk cufyauuk, oio wnman xona cosnanana nnn noio hocfonnnwo
hponomw, n fom nucno u qunanconwo, ouononnyk um, onnako, nco-
io numi n J anna ho Hkano cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna. Knu-
nunockan kapfuna cowfun ykaswnana na fo, nfo cyhpyi no moi cosna-
fonino ofoxnocfnuficn nu c kakum onoo nwcokum yponnom ochokou-
cfna us-sa nannoio nofckoio hopoxunanun, us kofopoio on cnonan nw-
non, nfo no moxof hponnnnfi cnou nyncfna, fak kak k num nco panno
ynyf ofnocuficn c hponopoxonuom, u nfo n nokofopom cmwcno hpo-
nnnnfi cnou nyncfna fo noomo no myxckoo nono. Hfow cosnafonino
uchwfafi ochokoucfno na yponno ? unu 8 annon ho Hkano cyokfun-
nwx onunuu ochokoucfna (ymocfnoo nnn fou cufyauuu u coofnofcfny-
kmoo pasnpaxufoninocfu, hopoxunaomou um noma), fomy knuonfy
wno nooxonumo kakoo-fo panukaninoo nosnoucfnuo, cpannumoo pas-
no nfo c omonou afakou no npomn on.
cnu c knuonfamu ycfanonnon coofnofcfnykmuu konfakf u honyno-
no ux coinacuo na hopopaofky, hopnou uonik nosnoucfnun nonxnw wfi
uspanw pannuo nochomunanun, accouuupykmuocn c ofpuuafoninwmu
yoxnonunmu, nokupykmumu choconocfi uchwfwnafi nocfafonno
unfoncunnwo mouuu. Koina onu ychomno hopopaofanw, knuonfy
noino accumunuponafi cnou hopoxunanun. cnu knuonf no naof coina-
cun na hcuxofopahonfunockoo nmomafonicfno u nacfaunaof na nooxonu-
mocfu paofafi numi c nwnomnumu ocfonfonicfnamu oio xusnu, hcu-
xofopahonfy nooxonumo hpumonufi II nnn nocfuxonun makcumanino
nosmoxnoio honononnockoio usmononun u ymonimonun omou nahpn-
xonnocfu knuonfa; onnako hpu fom omuu ypononi ochokoucfna mo-
xof ocfanaficn os usmononuu na hpofnxonuu ncoio coanca.
Hamo foopofunockoo hponhonoxonuo cocfouf n fom, nfo ofpuuafoni-
nwo yoxnonun nwswnakf honannonuo nwcokoio yponnn ochokoucfna
u nfo fu nucqynkuuonaninwo mouuu hponnnnkf con kak hocfonn-
nwu ucfonnuk ochokoucfna, hpononxakmuu honhufwnafi cymocfny-
kmyk hafonoiuk. Koina nwnomnnn cufyauun knuonfa usupaofcn n
kanocfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun, mouuu moiyf hponnnnficn na honop-
xnocfu c fom makcumanino nosmoxnwm ochokoucfnom, kofopwu no-
hyckaofcn na yponno cosnanun (fakuo knuonfw ownno ouonunakf cnoo
ochokoucfno n 2 unu J anna ho Hkano cyokfunnwx onunuu ocho-
koucfna), u n fom cnynao hopopaofka ynof hpoucxonufi numi n no-
snanufoninwx hpononax.
258
Hanunuo ucfonnuka ochokoucfna moxno cnufafi nocima noponfnwm
n fom cnynao, ocnu y knuonfa ocfi usmononun n uncaufax, opasax u
fonocnwx omymonunx, no on hpononxaof ionopufi o fom, nfo oio oc-
hokoucfno no moxof hponnuficn c nocfafonnou unfoncunnocfik. nn
nokofopwx knuonfon ononunno honnoo ofcyfcfnuo qqokfon hopopaof-
ku n fom cnynao nooxonumo hpumonnfi npyiuo qopmw nononun. C
fakumu knuonfamu paofafi ononi cnoxno. axo ocnu onu nanu hon-
noo coinacuo na hcuxofopahonfunockoo nosnoucfnun u ux pannuo noc-
homunanun nckpwfw, nooxonumo hpumonnfi hponnunyfwo napuanfw
II, ocyxnaomwo n inano iO.
Hpak1nka uu nancnncv
Icuxofopahonfunockuo cfpafoiuu, hponcfannonnwo n nannou inano,
nynmo ncoio uchonisonafi hpu paofo n manou ipyhho knuonfon c no-
honpoxnonnwm nochomunanuom o fpanmo u c yponnom ochokoucfna
hopnnka ?8 annon ho Hkano cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna.
Ipoxno nom paofafi sa hpononamu cnooio kaunofa, hcuxofopahonf
nonxon hpoufu honiofonky hon pykononcfnom ohwfnoio n hpakfuko
II uncfpykfopa, hpononn kak munumym fpu hpakfunockux coanca c
knuonfamu, hponnnnkmumu nwcokuu ypononi ochokoucfna.
Icuxofopahonfam nooxonumo ononi fmafonino osnakomuficn c
unqopmauuou u hpofokonamu, hpunonumwmu n cnonykmux nnyx ina-
nax. Onu nonxnw ynoponno hpumonnfi cfannapfnyk hpouonypy II
u oo hcuxofopahonfunockuo honxonw. Kak hpanuno, nooxonumo hpo-
nocfu hpumopno 5O coancon, hpoxno nom hwfaficn hpumonnfi onoo hpo-
nnunyfwu mafopuan, ohucwnaomwu n inano iO.
H1urn n nunuu
unousmononun hcuxofopahonfunockux cfpafoiuu II hpumonnkf-
cn n ocoonno cnoxnwx cnynanx nnn ychomnoio sanopmonun hopopaof-
ku. Ofu cnynau ypnoio ofpoaiuponanun, a fakxo fo cufyauuu, n ko-
fopwx hopopaofka hpuocfanannunaofcn.
Ipu paofo c II ofpoaiuponanuo ohpononnofcn kak cocfonnuo, n
kofopom cfumynupyomwu mafopuan hopoxunaofcn c nwcokum yponnom
ochokoucfna. Ofpoaiuponanuo nnnnofcn nhonno ocfocfnonnou nacfik
hopopaofku, u hpumonnkmuo II hcuxofopahonfw nonxnw nyncfno-
nafi con nhonno ynoponno n cufyauunx, koina knuonfw hponnnnkf
unfoncunnwo mouuu. Hfow sanopufi hauuonfon, nfo no npomn hcuxo-
fopahonfunockoio coanca onu naxonnfcn n honnou osohacnocfu, hcu-
xofopahonfam nooxonumo cnononafi ocnonnomy sonofomy hpanuny
honnopxunafi nnounyk qokycuponky nnumanun, hpu kofopou knuonf,
cocponofonunan nnumanuo na nucqynkuuonaninom mafopuano us hpo-
mnoio, n fo xo npomn nyncfnyof con n nacfonmoo npomn n honnou o-
sohacnocfu. Hooxonumo ofmonafi nco nonopaninwo cuinanw knuon-
fon, nfow ynocfonopuficn, nocfuinu nu onu unqopmauuonnoio hnafo,
u, honynufi nosmoxnocfi hpanunino hpononufi copuu nnuxonuu inas.
Iopopaofka nonxna hpononxaficn u no npomn hopuonon nuccouuupo-
nannocfu knuonfa, u nnuficn fak nonio, kak ynyf hosnonnfi mopw hpo-
nocfopoxnocfu. Onnako hpu paofo c ofpoaiuponanuom moxof honano-
uficn nnocfu usmononun n cfannapfnwo qopmw hpakfuku.
Xofn ononunnwo posynifafw nononun nanknakfcn hpu munumani-
nom knununockom nosnoucfnuu hpumopno n 4O cnynaon, nnn ocfani-
nwx knuonfon moxof hofpoonaficn onoo akfunnoo ynacfuo hcuxofo-
pahonfa. Koina hocno nwhonnonun nnyx copuu nnuxonuu inas hcuxofo-
pahonfunockuo qqokfw no nanknakfcn, nooxonumo hpoxno ncoio
hohpoonafi usmonufi nahpannonuo nnuxonuu inas, hpononxufoninocfi
u ckopocfi nnuxonuu. cnu nco fu hohwfku okaswnakfcn noqqok-
funnwmu, nooxonumo hohwfaficn cnnfi sanokuponannocfi hpouocca
hopopaofku hyfom usmononun qokycuponku nnumanun knuonfa. Ofo
nonaofcn c homomik hopoouonku u hoponahpannonnocfu nnumanun
knuonfa na honiofonnonnwu mafopuan unu na hponmof nosnoucfnun.
cnu knuonfy no ynaofcn nocfuni hpoipocca, hcuxofopahonf hponna-
iaof omy namoponno nonafi kakuo-nuo nomu, hponnnnnmuocn y npyiux
knuonfon chonfanno.
Koina usmononuo qokycuponku nnumanun knuonfa u hoponoconuo oio
na npyiuo achokfw hponmofa nosnoucfnun nuo na npyiuo nochomuna-
nun no hpunonuf k ychomnomy sanopmonuk hopopaofku, hcuxofopa-
honfy nooxonumo ynocfi unwo qakfopw, nwswnakmuo sanokuponan-
nocfi, nohonnufoninwo nochomunanun, nokupykmuo yoxnonun
unu hofponocfi n coxpanonuu ponfnwx ycfanonok. axno homnufi,
nfo foxnuka II numi nohonnnof hpoqoccuonaninwo nanwku hcuxo-
fopahonfa, a no samonnof ux. Ho naxo y nonocfafonno ohwfnoio hcu-
xofopahonfa ocfi mnoio nosmoxnocfou honynufi koncynifauuk hpu
ohponononuu cymnocfu cnynan u uchonisonanuu foxnuku II. Icu-
xofopahonfam nooxonumo uchonisonafi mafopuan, usnoxonnwu n nan-
nou u hocnonykmux inanax, kak pykononcfno n hpakfunockou hopopa-
ofko hponmofa nosnoucfnun, onanakmoio yponnom ochokoucfna n
?8 annon ho Hkano cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna. Onnako nnn
ohponononnwx knuonfon nooxonumw hponnunyfwo qopmw II, ohu-
cannwo n inano iO.
26O
8. CTAHR 8OCbMAR:
HOUHKA H HCHOb3O8AHH
CTAHATHOO HOTOKOA H
Mw omuaomcn no hofomy, nfo ucfuny fpynno ynu-
nofi ucfuna nunna c hopnoio nsinnna. Mw omuaom-
cn, hofomy nfo fak nam ynonoo.
A:eicun0p lo:enuuin
3anopmakman cfanun cfanun hopoouonku hpunuuhuanino nax-
na hpu II-hcuxofopahuu. o npomn fou cfanuu, c kofopou nanu-
nakfcn nco coancw, kpomo camoio hopnoio, hcuxofopahonf ouonunaof,
nackoniko xopomo paspomon hponwnymuu mafopuan, u ohpononnof,
nyxnaofcn nu knuonf n oio naninoumou hopopaofko. Ionfopnoo opa-
monuo k hponmofy nosnoucfnun moxof hpoucxonufi ho mnoium hpunu-
nam. o-hopnwx, wcfpwu qqokf nononun hpu II moxof nomon-
nonno ckaswnaficn kak na hcuxuko knuonfa, fak u na oio nnomnux
hponnnonunx. Ionononnockuo usmononun, nosnukakmuo hocno ocno-
oxnonun knuonfa of cfpananuu, nnn nokofopwx unnununon moiyf umofi
conopmonno nooxunannwo hocnoncfnun, cnnsannwo kak c ux comounwmu
ocfonfonicfnamu, fak u c couuaninwm okpyxonuom. posynifafo
nosnukakf nohonnufoninwo uonu nnn hopopaofku. o-nfopwx, noko-
fopwo hponmofw u uonu nosnoucfnun moiyf ocfanaficn no honnocfik
nckpwfwmu us-sa nposnwnauno nwcokou cfohonu fpanmafunnocfu hop-
nonananinoio cowfun. Hfow homoni knuonfy hopopaofafi fpanmy,
hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo cnononafi cfannapfnomy hpofokony II,
usupan n kanocfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun kak hpomnwo cowfun, fak
u nwnomnuo ocfonfonicfna u iofonn hauuonfa k anifopnafunnwm cho-
coam nsaumonoucfnun c nkwmu ynymumu cowfunmu.
Ipu II-hcuxofopahuu kaxnwu coanc nonxon wfi nacfik omoio
hnana nononun. Cfanun hopoouonku cfoni naxna hofomy, nfo kaxnwu
nononok nnnnofcn cnoxno opianusonannou unnununyaninocfik, nknk-
nonnou n cfoni xo cnoxnyk couuaninyk cucfomy. kwo inyokuo
hocnoncfnun hcuxofopahuu moiyf nnunfi kak na nnyfpuhcuxunockuo
qakfopw, fak u na honononuo. Iofomy nooxonumo ynonnfi fak mno-
io nnumanun fomo moxnunnocfnwx nsaumonoucfnuu.
26i
Konunocfno hopoouonok y pasnwx knuonfon wnaof pasnunnwm.
Hnnunun c ofnoninou fpanmou nyxnaofcn, moxof wfi, foniko n on-
nom coanco hopopaofku, cohponoxnaomom cfanuou hopoouonku no npomn
onnoio unu nnyx hocnonykmux coancon nnn ohponononun posynifafun-
nocfu hcuxofopahuu. Ho nnn nknou, nnnnkmuxcn xopfnamu mnoio-
nucnonnwx nuo sacfaponwx fpanm, ucnophwnakman hopoouonka ynof
nknknafi n con honfopnoo opamonuo k hponmofy nosnoucfnun, opo-
fonuo nocfyha k fpanmafunockomy mafopuany u ananus posynifafon no-
pos mnoiuo mocnuw hocno hcuxofopahonfunockux coancon. Kaxnan hoc-
nonykman hopoouonka hpononufcn c uchonisonanuom fpox cfanuu
cfannapfnoio hpofokona II. 3anopmakman hopoouonka ownno
moxof wfi hpousnonona numi hocno nocfafonno nnufoninoio hopuona
npomonu.
Cfannapfnwu hpofokon II hponhonaiaof uspanuo n kanocfno
uonu u hponmofa nosnoucfnun onacfou nucqynkuuonaninocfu, cnnsan-
nwx kak c hpomnwm knuonfa, fak u c oio nacfonmum, hopoxonn safom
k ynymum anifopnafunam. Hahpumop, xopfna qusunockoio nacunun
n nofcfno n hopnyk onoponi nyxnaofcn n hopopaofko onimoio konu-
nocfna pannux nochomunanuu. knu u cufyauuu n xusnu fakoio knu-
onfa, cfumynupykmuo nyncfno sahyiannocfu u cfpaxa, nonxnw wfi
uspanw hponmofom nosnoucfnun u hopopaofku, fak xo kak chocow
oio couuaninoio nsaumonoucfnun. II-hcuxofopahun moxof sanumafi
mnoio mocnuon, fak kak nnn hponononun hocnonykmou hopoouonku
nooxonuma couuaninan unfoipauun hauuonfa.
Kak yxo ofmonanoci, naxo hpu paofo c ofnoninwm fpanmafunoc-
kum cowfuom coofnofcfnykman II-hcuxofopahun nknknaof anok-
nafnwu ananus ucfopuu onosnu u naninoumuo coancw ho hopopaof-
ko. nkom cnynao nononuo knuonfa no moxof hpononuficn na
hpofnxonuu foniko onnoio coanca, fak kak hpoxonnmuu hopopaofky
mafopuan ownno hopoxnaof nonwo nnyfponnuo u nnomnuo hponnnonun.
Cfanun hopoouonku fpoyof of hcuxofopahonfa hpucfaninoio nnumanun
k fomy, nackoniko xopomo hopopaafwnaoman unqopmauun unfoipupy-
ofcn n hcuxuko knuonfa, a fakxo nackoniko knuonf chocoon wfi nknk-
nonnwm n snoponwo couuaninwo ofnomonun. Hcxonn us posynifafon
hcuxofopahonf ynof usupafi hocnonykmuo uonu nosnoucfnun.
nannou inano paccmafpunaofcn cfannapfnwu hpofokon II u
hpouocc hopoouonku, hosnonnkmuu qqokfunno hpononufi hopopaof-
ky c xopfnamu nauonoo cuninwx fpanm. Cfannapfnwu hpofokon II
hponnaiaof ocnonnyk cxomy nononun, hpuionnyk nnn onimuncfna
knuonfon. nom ohucwnaofcn onoponnocfi uonou hopopaofku u hoc-
nonykmoio ouonunanun u ho fou hpununo hpofokon nooxonumo hpu-
monnfi nnn sanopmonun hcuxofopahuu. ononuo knuonfon c onoo co-
piosnwmu xanoam ynof hpoucxonufi c uchonisonanuom pnna nohon-
nufoninwx hpofokonon, paccmafpunaomwx n cnonykmou inano.
262
C1anu nuctvau: ucpcuucnka
Cam fopmun nepeoueniu ofpaxaof nooxonumocfi n fmafoninom
nnumanuu hcuxofopahonfa k xony hpouocca y knuonfa u hpunnfuu no-
oxonumwx mop hpu kaxnom coanco II, hopopaafwnakmom fpan-
mafunockuu mafopuan. Icuxofopahonf nknknaof coancw ho hopopaof-
ko hponmofa nosnoucfnun n omuu hnan nononun, u nno sanucumocfu
of foio, nackoniko hpocfwm unu cnoxnwm nnnnofcn kaxnwu ofnoni-
nwu cnynau, nooxonumoo nnumanuo nonxno wfi ynonono nofwpom
qakfopam, cymnocfi kofopwx moxof wfi ofpaxona n cnonykmux noh-
pocax:
i. Iaspomon nu y nannoio unnununa hponmof nosnoucfnun
2. bwn nu akfunuponan nooxonumwu accouuafunnwu mafopuan
J. bwnu nu hopopaofanw nco nooxonumwo hponmofw nosnoucfnun,
nfow knuonfa hpumupuncn c hpomnwm, opon cunw n nacfonmom u
choconocfi conopmafi nooxonumwo noucfnun n ynymom
4. Ipousomna nu snoponan u anoknafnan anahfauun n couuaninou
cucfomo
Huxo fu nofwpo qakfopa ynyf ocyxnonw n fom hopnnko, kak onu
ofpaxonw n cfannapfnom hpofokono II. Ipoxno ncoio n cnonak
osop fpox cfanuu hpofokona, a safom hpunony honponoo ohucanuo
pasnunnwx achokfon hpouocca hcuxofopahuu.
C1anap1nu upu1ukun H
Ychomnoo hpumononuo II fpoyof fmafoninoio hpoxoxnonun ncox
fpox fahon, hponycmofponnwx cfannapfnwm hpofokonom. Ofu fpu faha
hponnaiakf hcuxofopahonfy anoknafno ouonufi honxonnmuo uonu nos-
noucfnun u nosmoxnwo posynifafw n ofnomonuu hpomnoio, nacfonmoio
u ynymoio knuonfa.
1ubomu nu0 npomamm
Iopnwu fah cfannapfnoio hpofokona II cnnsan c nohpocom:
Kakuo pannuo cowfun cfanu ocnonou nwnomnou nucqynkuuu Ha
hopnou cfanuu II hcuxofopahonf ananusupyof ucfopuk knuonfa u
ohpononnof hponhocwnku hafonoiuu. Camo nononuo (cfanuu hcuxofo-
pahuu co nfopou ho conimyk) hponcfannnof coou hopopaofky uspan-
26J
nwx hponmofom nosnoucfnun fpanmafunockux nochomunanuu, nnnnk-
muxcn hpununou nwnomnux cumhfomon knuonfa. Y xopfn ofnoninoio
fpanmafunockoio cowfun hpununa cumhfomon ononunna, a y xopfn mno-
ionucnonnwx fpanm no npomn hopnoio coanca, hocnnmonnoio ananusy
ucfopuu knuonfa u ohponononuk anamnosa cnynan, hcuxofopahonfy
nooxonumo nwnnufi nocnfi nauonoo ochokonmux nochomunanuu. Onu
nonxnw wfi hopopaofanw n hopnyk onoponi (hocno foio, kak ynyf
ynfonw nosmoxnwo ponfnwo ycfanonku knuonfa). Hauonoo ochoko-
nmuo nochomunanun moiyf umofi kak cxonnwo, fak u pasnunnwo fomw,
nknknan n con opasw onnoio nuo nockonikux hpocfyhnukon. no
sanucumocfu of foio kaxnan us fom u kaxnwu opas hpocfyhnuka non-
xnw wfi unonfuquuuponanw, ouononw c homomik Hkanw cyok-
funnwx onunuu ochokoucfna u hopopaofanw na unnununyaninwx co-
ancax (nuo, ocnu ocfi fakan nosmoxnocfi, n ipyhhax, honopannwx
ho poncfnonnwm fomam). 1of qakf, nfo fu nocnfi nochomunanuu nw-
swnakf y knuonfa nauonimoo ochokoucfno, nnnnofcn nocfafonnou
hpununou nnn foio, nfow hopopaafwnafi ux n hopnyk onoponi. oc-
homunanun hponcfakf kak naxnwo cmwcnonwo ysnw, accouuafunno
cnnsannwo c poncfnonnwmu um onaiamu nucqynkuuonaninocfu. os-
moxno, hpu hopopaofko nochomunanuu c nwcokum yponnom ochokou-
cfna nosnukaof qqokf ionopanusauuu, u hofomy paofa c npyiumu
fpanmafunockumu nochomunanunmu cnnsana c monimumu fpynnocfnmu.
axo ocnu okaswnaofcn, nfo umonno fo nochomunanuo wno ocnon-
nou hpununou nucqynkuuu, npyiuo fpanmafunockuo nochomunanun
fakxo nonxnw wfi uspanw hponmofom nosnoucfnun nnn ycfpanonun
nkwx nosmoxnwx nucqynkuuu.
bochokonmuo nochomunanun, ocyxnonuo kofopwx hpoucxonuno no
npomn hopnoio coanca, hocnnmonnoio ananusy ucfopuu knuonfa, mo-
iyf wfi pasnononw na knacfopw ipyhhw poncfnonnwx cowfuu.
kaxnom knacfopo usupaofcn ho onnomy nauonoo hponcfanufoninomy
cowfuk, kofopoo unonfuquuupyofcn u honnopiaofcn hopopaofko. Ofo
chococfnyof wcfpomy hponnnonuk qqokfa ionopanusauuu u cnuxo-
nuk yponnn fponoxnocfu, cnnsannou co ncomu npyiumu nochomunanu-
nmu. Iachponononuo fpanmafunockux cowfuu ho ipyhham, ucxonn us
poncfnonnocfu hpoucmocfnuu (ohucannoo n inano J), moxof homoni
hcuxofopahonfy nauonoo qqokfunno uchonisonafi npomn, hosnonnn,
kpomo foio, ohpononufi haffopnw nosmoxnou ofnofnou poakuuu knu-
onfon u ofpuuafoninwo camohponcfannonun, okaswnakmuo noxonafoni-
noo nosnoucfnuo.
Io mopo pasnufun hpouocca hopopaofku y knuonfa moiyf nchnwnafi
nochomunanun, kofopwo nonxnw usupaficn hponmofom nosnoucfnun.
Ocnonnoo hpanuno cocfouf n fom, nfo noci ofpuuafoninwu mafopuan,
accouuafunno cnnsannwu c ofnoninwm fpanmafunockum cowfuom,
264
uspannwm hponmofom nosnoucfnun, nonxon wfi hopopaofan, hpoxno
nom hopoxonufi k npyium. Iponmofw nosnoucfnun ycfanannunakfcn no
npomn hopnou cfanuu II-hcuxofopahuu, c kofopou nanunaofcn kax-
nwu coanc.
Honik hopnoio faha cfannapfnoio hpofokona II nnnnofcn ho-
popaofka nucqynkuuonaninoio nacnonun hpomnoio, nfow knuonf moi
ocnoonuficn of noio nnn xusnu n nacfonmom. kwo noymocfnwo
cfpaxu unu noanoknafnwo qopmw honononun moxno cnufafi hocnoncfnu-
nmu hpomnoio fpanmafunockoio ohwfa, nyxnakmumucn n hopopaof-
ko. 3afom hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo ouonufi posynifafw hopopaof-
ku kaxnoio hponmofa nosnoucfnun u honfopufi uukn nnn hpuopofonun
ynoponnocfu n fom, nfo wnu hopopaofanw nco nucqynkuuu u hcuxo-
fopahonfunockuo qqokfw ycfoununo coxpannkfcn.
1e:y:imumi puomi c o0nou ue:iu
Icuxofopahonfy nooxonumo hpousnonufi hopoouonky ychomnou
hopopaofku kaxnoio nochomunanun kak n nanano kaxnoio cnonykmo-
io coanca, fak u hosnnoo, n hpouocco hcuxofopahuu. Iocno nwhonno-
nun honnou hpouonypw II, nknknan uncfannnuuk u ckanuponanuo
fona, moxno cnufafi, nfo uspannoo n kanocfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun
fpanmafunockoo nochomunanuo nocfuino anahfunnoio paspomonun.
Iofomy n cnonykmux coancax hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo hponnoxufi
knuonfy cnona opafuficn k nochomunanunm nnn nwncnonun, n kakou
mopo onu oio ochokonf. Ha ocnono honynonnwx posynifafon hcuxofo-
pahonfy hponcfouf hpononxufi hopopaofky nannou uonu, hopoufu k
unou uonu, hpucfyhufi k cnonykmomy fahy cfannapfnoio hpofokona
unu sanopmafi II-hcuxofopahuk.
Iocno foio kak knuonfy wno hponnoxono nymafi o uspannom n
kanocfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun fpanmafunockom cowfuu, hcuxofopa-
honfy cnonyof cnona ouonufi kanocfno hponnnnkmuxcn nochomunanuu
u nosnukakmuu hpu fom ypononi ochokoucfna (uchonisyn Hkany
cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna). Iockoniky knuonfy hponnaiaof-
cn noccfanonufi nco nochomunanuo n uonom, ychomnan hopopaofka
ownno hpunonuf k honnnonuk kapfunw, ykaswnakmou na nocfuxo-
nuo paspomonun. cnu fa kapfuna ocfaofcn ofniomonnou ochokon-
mumu nomonfamu unu nnno qukcupyofcn na nauonoo yxacnwx momon-
fax fpanmafunockoio cowfun, fo nooxonuma naninouman hopopaofka.
Kpomo foio, ocnu ouonunanuo ho Hkano cyokfunnwx onunuu ocho-
koucfna ykaswnaof na ypononi fponoxnocfu, nnno noanoknafnwu poani-
nwm ocfonfonicfnam, fo fpanmafunockoo nochomunanuo cnona nonx-
no wfi uspano hponmofom hopopaofku. Ipu fom moiyf nosnuknyfi
265
nonwo mouuu, k kofopwm hcuxofopahonf nonxon wfi ocoonno nnu-
mafoninwm.
Ionosno hponopufi u cfohoni coofnofcfnun ho Hkano coofnofcfnun
hponcfannonuu nnn nwnnnonun nopaspomonnwx comnonuu knuonfa n
ofnomonuu honoxufoninoio camohponcfannonun. Knuonfy moxno hpon-
noxufi nymafi o fpanmafunockom cowfuu u nwpaxafi nkwo cnnsan-
nwo c fum mwcnu, nfo homoxof ohpononufi nanunuo nohonnufoninwx
koinufunnwx uckaxonuu, k kofopwm nooxonumo opamaficn hpu ho-
popaofko. Ofkpwnakmuocn hopon knuonfom nonwo hopchokfunw fak-
xo moiyf cosnanafi hponomw u fpoonafi nohonnufoninoio nnumanun
hcuxofopahonfa.
Ionfopnoo opamonuo k uspannomy hponmofom nosnoucfnun noc-
homunanuk nopos nokofopoo npomn ownno naof xopomuu hcuxofopa-
honfunockuu qqokf. Iofomy ocnu hpu hopnom coanco hopopaofku
ocfaofcn npomn, nooxonumo cpasy xo hocno ocyxnonun hponnoxufi
knuonfy honfopno uspafi hponmofom nosnoucfnun fpanmafunockoo noc-
homunanuo (cm. inany 6). Ocyxnonuo no foniko nnnnofcn hpunuuhu-
anino naxnwm momonfom saofw o knuonfo, no u homoiaof omy ofnnoni-
cn of nwswnakmoio ochokoucfno fpanmafunockoio mafopuana.
Ionfopnoo opamonuo k fpanmafunockomy nochomunanuk hpunonuf k
pocfumynnuuu noupocofu, nooxonumou, nfow ynocfonopuficn, n
kakou qopmo fohopi xpanufcn n nou fpanmafunockuu mafopuan. Io-
ckoniky hpu fom moiyf hponnuficn hpusnaku nooxonumocfu naninou-
mou hopopaofku, hcuxofopahonfy cnonyof hpuoiafi k honfopnomy
opamonuk numi n fom cnynao, ocnu on pachonaiaof nocfafonnwm npo-
monom nnn paspomonun hponnunmoiocn nonoio mafopuana.
no sanucumocfu of posynifafa nochomunanuo nonxno wfi hopoouo-
nono no npomn cnonykmoio coanca nnn ohponononun, honnunuci nu n
nom nonwo nomonfw, nyxnakmuocn n paspomonuu. Onnako nooxo-
numo homnufi, nfo nnn hponopku honnou unfoipauuu hopopaafwnao-
mou unqopmauuu nooxonumo ohponononnoo npomn. Ionfopnoo opa-
monuo k fpanmafunockomy nochomunanuk hpunuuhuanino naxno u n
fom cnynao, ocnu hpu hopnonananinou hopopaofko foio nochomuna-
nun knuonf hpunuman fo unu unwo nokapcfna. Moxno cnufafi, nfo
knununockuo nanknonun ykaswnakf na nooxonumocfi honfopnou ho-
popaofku nochomunanun u paofw c unqopmauuou, xpannmoucn n
qopmo, ohpononnomou fom cocfonnuom, n kofopom nannan unqopma-
uun wna hpuopofona. Ofo moiyf wfi ohponononnwo achokfw nocho-
munanuu knuonfa, nosnukakmuo numi hpu cocfonnuu fponoxnocfu.
cnu knuonf nnanano hopopaafwnan fo nochomunanuo, hpunuman
cnuxakmuo fponoxnocfi nokapcfna, fo unoina nooxonumo hosnnoo omo
pas hopopaofafi oio, koina knuonf yxo no naxonufcn hon noucfnuom
nokapcfna u moxof n honnou mopo hopoxunafi cnok fponoxnocfi.
266
pyiou honosnou mopou nnn ohponononun posynifafunnocfu hcuxo-
fopahuu nnnnofcn Hkana nosnoucfnonnocfu cowfun (HorowItz, i?;
HorowItz, WIImor, & AIvaroz, i?). Xofn fa mkana wna paspaofa-
na nnn uccnononafonickux uonou, ona ononi honosna n hcuxofopahon-
funockou hpakfuko. 2opfno ofnoninoio fpanmafunockoio cowfun no
npomn hopnoio coanca moxno hponnoxufi sahonnufi ohpocnuk fou
mkanw, nfo homoxof nynmo hponckasafi ofnofnyk poakuuk knuonfa n
ofnomonuu cumhfoma usoianun nuo cumhfoma nannsnunocfu. Hopos
nononk hocno coanca ho ohponononuk hponmofa nosnoucfnun knuonfy
nooxonumo cnona sahonnufi ohpocnuk. Honan ouonka ynof ykaswnafi
nuo na nocfuxonuo honoxufoninoio paspomonun, nuo na nooxonu-
mocfi opafuficn k nohonnufoninomy fpanmafunockomy mafopuany.
Ipunonom hpumop. Knuonfky, usnacunonannyk cnoum nonymkou,
ochokounu nannsnunwo mwcnu u nonnwo kommapw, cnnsannwo c fpan-
mafunockum cowfuom. Hchonisonanuo Hkanw nosnoucfnonnocfu co-
wfun hokasano nanunuo cumhfomon nannsnunocfu. ochomunanun
knuonfku, cnnsannwo c oo nonymkou, wnu uspanw hponmofom nos-
noucfnun no npomn nnyx coancon II, hocno noio knuonfka coomu-
na o honnnonuu y noo nyncfna ymupofnoponnocfu u hpomonun ho ofno-
monuk k nonymko. Onnako cnonykmuu coanc hokasan, nfo ann ho
Hkano nosnoucfnonnocfu cowfun, ofnocnmuucn k nannsnunwm mwc-
nnm, naxonuncn na cponnom yponnno, xofn ocfaninwo annw wnu o-
noo nuskumu unu noomo yhanu no nynn. Koina knuonfko sananu no-
honnufoninwo nohpocw, nwncnunoci, nfo ona nymana o cnoou aymko,
kofopan no cux hop no moina honopufi n fo, nfo hpousomno usnacuno-
nanuo. ochomunanun knuonfku o aymko u oo nononopuu wnu us-
panw uonik hopopaofku, hocno noio wno nocfuinyfo honoxufoni-
noo paspomonuo.
1oomopenue npoue0ypi o c:yuue +noeux ue:eu
Iocno foio kak hopnonananino unonfuquuuponannwo uonu u nohon-
nufoninwo accouuafunno cnnsannwo c numu nochomunanun wnu ho-
popaofanw, hcuxofopahonf honfopnof hopopaofky fpanmafunockoio ma-
fopuana, nfow wfi ynoponnwm n ycfoununocfu qqokfon nononun.
1akyk hopoouonky nooxonumo hpousnonufi hopon hopoxonom k cnony-
kmum nnym faham hpofokona.
o sanopmonun kypca hcuxofopahuu cnonyof hpousnocfu hopoouon-
ky knknonwx nochomunanuu. Iomnufo, nfo hopopaofka unqopmauuu
hpononxaofcn u moxny coancamu, hpunonn k ofkpwfuk nonwx achok-
fon nochpunfun, k kofopwm nooxonumo opamaficn nnn nohonnufoni-
nou hopopaofku. Io mopo hpononxonun kypca hcuxofopahuu moxof
26?
hponnuficn nonwu ochokonmuu mafopuan, no cnnsannwu c hponwny-
mumu uonnmu. fakom cnynao nooxonumo uccnononafi nonwo hponn-
nonun hopnonananinoio hponmofa nosnoucfnun. Ionfopnoo uspanuo
hponmofom hopopaofku foio mafopuana homoxof ohpononufi, honno-
cfik nu sanopmona hopopaofka. Ofa mopa hponocfopoxnocfu nooxo-
numa hpu II-hcuxofopahuu.
Iocno paspomonun nnnwx xano, no no sanopmonun honnoio kypca
hcuxofopahuu knuonfy nooxonumo hponnoxufi nnoni opafuficn k
hponmofam nosnoucfnun, nfow omo pas hpoufu nopos hopopaofky fpan-
mafunockoio mafopuana u cnonafi nwnon, nyxno nu hpononxafi hcuxo-
fopahuk. Ofo homoxof hponoxpanufi knuonfa of no honnocfik nckpw-
foio u nwswnakmoio ochokoucfno ocfafonnoio fpanmafunockoio
mafopuana, kofopwu moxof nooxunanno hponnuficn. Xofn knuonf yxo
nocfui ncox knununockux uonou, unonfuquuuponannwx no npomn hop-
noio coanca, honfopnoo opamonuo k hponmofam nosnoucfnun homoxof
ynocfonopuficn n ycfoununocfu hcuxofopahonfunockoio qqokfa.
Icuxofopahonfy nooxonumo fmafonino ouonufi hponwnymyk paofy
c knuonfom u honfopno opafuficn k hponmofy nosnoucfnun, hopopa-
afwnan (hpu nooxonumocfu) nunw nochomunanuu, honpono ocyx-
naomwo n nuxocnonykmux hapaipaqax.
1epouunie coimun. Iopnunnwmu nnnnkfcn cowfun, umokmuo
nauonimoo snanonuo nnn knuonfa nuo unonfuquuuponannwo kak
hpunuuhuanino naxnwo onacfu nucqynkuuonaninocfu. Ownno fo
no onoo nnanuafu nochomunanuu, k kofopwm hcuxofopahonfy nooxo-
numo honfopno opamaficn nnn nocfuxonun ycfoununocfu hcuxofopa-
honfunockoio qqokfa u nnn ohponononun, nocfuinyfo nu paspomonuo
npyiux naxnwx achokfon fpanmafunockoio nochomunanun.
1pom:ie coimun. Icuxofopahonfy nooxonumo hponnoxufi knuonfy
ynopxunafi n hono nnumanun nauonoo naxnoo ofpuuafoninoo camohpon-
cfannonuo u nwncnufi, ocfi nu npyiuo nyxnakmuocn n hopopaofko
nochomunanun. Ipu honnnonuu nkwx nonwx nochomunanuu onu non-
xnw wfi fmafonino usynonw nnn ohponononun, ocfi nu n nux hpun-
uuhuaninwo ofnunun of conopxanun nochomunanuu, yxo honnopianmux-
cn hopopaofko, fak kak fu ofnunun moiyf hpunanafi ofpuuafoninomy
hponcfannonuk conopmonno nonoo snanonuo. Hahpumop, knuonfka
moina nanafi hcuxofopahuk c ofpuuafoninoio camohponcfannonun H
ofnunakci of npyiux, kofopoo honnopianoci hopopaofko n cnnsu c
fpanmafunockumu unuunonfamu, nwsnanmumu nyncfno couuaninoio
nuckomqopfa. Onnako y noo moiyf wfi nochomunanun, n kofopwx ona
noucfnyof nacfoniko akfunno, nfo fo nwswnaof ochokoucfno u hpu-
naof ofpuuafoninomy hponcfannonuk nonoo snanonuo, nahpumop: H
268
conopmonno yxacnwu nononok. no sanucumocfu of nosnuknononun
nonoio cmwcna ofpuuafoninoio hponcfannonun fakuo nochomunanun
nonxnw coofnofcfnykmum opasom hopopaafwnaficn no fox hop, hoka
ynof coxpannficn ochokoucfno.
1po0ouenue onepe0. o npomn hopopaofku unonfuquuuponannoio
nochomunanun knuonf moxof onapyxufi unoo nochomunanuo, mino-
nonno nosnukakmoo n cosnanuu no npomn nwhonnonun copuu nnuxonuu
inas nuo n unfopnano moxny numu. ohonnufoninwo copuu nnuxonuu
moiyf hpunocfu k fomy, nfo na honopxnocfi ynof nchnwnafi unu hop-
nonananino uspannoo hponmofom nosnoucfnun nochomunanuo unu ka-
koo-fo nonoo nochomunanuo. Icuxofopahonfy n fom cnynao nooxonumo
cnononafi fomy, nfo ynof nosnukafi n cosnanuu knuonfa u hpononufi
coofnofcfnykmyk hopopaofky, ofmonan nkwo nonwo nochomunanun,
kofopwo moiyf kasaficn ocoonno npkumu u naxnwmu n omou knunu-
nockou kapfuno. Mumonofnwo nochomunanun, cnnsannwo c ofnoninwmu
achokfamu cowfun, moiyf okasaficn hpunuuhuanino naxnwmu. Io-
fomy hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo hpumonnfi fmafoninyk hpoqoccuo-
naninyk ouonky hpu unonfuqukauuu u nosnpamonuu k fum nochomu-
nanunm n honxonnmuu momonf hcuxofopahonfunockoio coanca.
X:ucmepi. o npomn hopnoio coanca, hocnnmonnoio ohponononuk
anamnosa cnynan, hcuxofopahonf moxof cipyhhuponafi cxonnwo fpan-
mafunockuo cowfun, cosnanan fakum opasom knacfopw ipyhhw pon-
cfnonnwx cowfuu. 3afom nooxonumo hponnoxufi knuonfy uspafi us
kaxnoio knacfopa ho onnomy nauonoo xapakfopnomy cowfuk, uchoni-
syn oio nnn hopopaofku. Coomonun hcuxofopahonfon honfnopxnakf,
nfo hpu fom ownno nosnukaof qqokf ionopanusauuu, nwswnan ho-
popaofky no ncou ipyhho cnnsannwx moxny coou fpanmafunockux co-
wfuu. Hfow ynocfonopuficn n fom, nooxonumo hponnoxufi knu-
onfy ckanuponafi nochomunanun o unuunonfax n kaxnom ofnoninom
knacfopo nnn unonfuqukauuu nkwx npyiux nochomunanuu, ocfanmuxcn
nopaspomonnwmu. 1ak, nahpumop, xopfna cokcyaninoio nacunun
unonfuquuupyof knacfop cowfuu, cnnsannwx c fom, nfo oo usnacu-
nonan ponnou paf. Xofn knuonfka moina noonnokpafno honnopiaficn
nomoiafonicfnam co cfoponw pafa, knacfop moxof nknknafi n con
unwo cowfun, cnnsannwo c fom npomonom, koina ona wna usnacu-
nonana n honnano cnooio cocfnonnoio noma, nan kofopwm n fo npomn
naxonunuci npyiuo nnonw oo comiu. Koina knuonfka opafufcn k fo-
my knacfopy fpanmafunockux cowfuu nnn hponononun hopoouonku, ona
moxof onapyxufi, nfo onun us unuunonfon ocfancn nopaspomonnwm
ncnoncfnuo hopoxufoio nohonnufoninoio ynuxonun sa usnacunona-
nuom nanknanu npysin pafa. fom hpumopo fpanmafunockoo cowfuo
nknknano n con nohonnufoninwo qakfopw, nyxnakmuocn n ofnoni-
nom uspanuu ux hponmofom nosnoucfnun nnn nocfuxonun paspomonun.
26
Juucmnuiu. Opasw snanumwx nnn knuonfa nknou ynyf unonfuqu-
uuponanw u ho ofnoninocfu uspanw hponmofamu nosnoucfnun nnn oh-
ponononun, ocfakfcn nu ochokonmuo nochomunanun unu cowfun
nopaspomonnwmu. Ofo ocoonno naxno n cnynao xopfn usnacunonanun
n nofcfno, koina opasw ncox nnonon comiu nonxnw wfi uspanw hpon-
mofom nosnoucfnun u hopopaofku c uonik unonfuqukauuu nkwx no-
honnufoninwx nomonfon, nwswnakmux nuskoo camoynaxonuo knuon-
fa, nonocfafok nyncfna camoqqokfunnocfu u f.h. Xofn foniko onun
us nnonon comiu moi wfi nohocponcfnonno cnnsan c cokcyaninwm na-
cunuom nan knuonfom, camo cocfonnuo fpanmafusauuu moino hpunoc-
fu k honwmonuk ynsnumocfu k nkwm nohpousnoninwm kpufunockum
nwckaswnanunm co cfoponw npyiux nknou. Koina n kanocfno hponmofa
nosnoucfnun usupaofcn opas foio unu unoio nnona comiu, a ofnofnan
poakuun knuonfa ofnunaofcn nocfafonno nwcokum yponnom ochokou-
cfna, nooxonumo uspafi uonik opas foio nononoka u ohpononufi
nanunuo cnnsannwx c num knknonwx nochomunanuu, coxpanunmux nuc-
qynkuuonaninyk qopmy.
Iaofa nan hpomnwm hopnwu fah cfannapfnoio hpofokona II.
Koina hopoouonka hpomnwx cowfuu, unonfuquuuponannwx kak nau-
onoo ochokonmuo, ykaswnaof na fo, nfo onu n nocfafonnou cfohonu
paspomonw, hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo opafuficn k cfumynam, cnn-
sannwm c nacfonmum. Ofo nfopan cfanun cfannapfnoio hpofokona
II.
1ubomu c nucmonum
fopan cfanun hpofokona II cocponofonona na nohpoco: Kakuo
us cymocfnykmux n nacfonmoo npomn cfumynon nwswnakf ochokonmuu
nucqynkuuonaninwu mafopuan Ha fom faho hponmofom nosnoucfnun
usupakfcn nwnomnuo xusnonnwo ocfonfonicfna knuonfa, n fom nucno
opasw nknou, nwswnakmux hafonoiunockuo unu fponoxnwo poakuuu
u qopmw honononun. Honononockoo honononuo no nnnnofcn cnynaunwm,
u haffopnw poaiuponanun, sanoxonnwo n hpomnom, nacfo nanunakf
hponnnnficn n nacfonmom. Ipanunino hponononnwu ananus ucfopuu
knuonfa u ohponononuo anamnosa cnynan ohpononnkf cymocfnykmuo n
nacfonmoo npomn nucqynkuuu u nwncnnkf ocnonnwo fuhw noanoknaf-
noio poaiuponanun. Onnako hopnwu coanc ho ohponononuk anamnosa
nonxon hocfonnno nohonnnficn nonou unqopmauuou, honynonnou na
ocnono hocnonykmou ouonku u knununockux nanknonuu, hockoniky
nacfo hponoma moxof wfi n honnou mopo honnfa foniko n xono hopo-
paofku hopnonananinou fpanmw na hopnom faho cfannapfnoio hpofo-
kona II. Iaspomonuo nwpaxonnwx cumhfomon (fakux kak nonnwo
2?O
kommapw, nannsnunwo mwcnu u fniocfnwo nochomunanun) nacfo ho-
snonnof hcuxofopahonfy hponocfu onoo fmafoninyk ouonky fokymux
xusnonnwx ocfonfonicfn knuonfa.
Koina pannuo fpanmafunockuo cowfun hopopaofanw, hcuxofopa-
honfy nooxonumo hpousnocfu hopoouonky ofnofnou poakuuu knuonfa,
hponopnn hpanuninocfi unqopmauuu, honynonnou no npomn hopnoio co-
anca ho ohponononuk anamnosa cnynan. Omuu hpunuuh foxnuku II
cocfouf n fom, nfo cfpax u fponoxnocfi moiyf wfi snanufonino cnu-
xonw n posynifafo hopopaofku fpanmw. Ipu fom ynof ymonimaficn
ochokonmoo nosnoucfnuo nochomunanuu, accouuafunno cnnsannwx c
ocnonnwm fpanmafunockum cowfuom, u ux nosnoucfnuo na coionnnm-
nkk cufyauuk. Hahpumop, knuonfka xopfna cokcyaninwx nomoia-
fonicfn, moxof onapyxufi, nfo hocno hopopaofku nochomunanuu o
camwx pannux cnynanx nacunun ona hopocfana onficn ocfanaficn onna
nonik, a hocfpananmuu n anfomouninou kafacfpoqo hauuonf usanun-
cn of cfpaxa hopon noxnonuom mamunw. Ofu usmononun hpoucxonnf an-
fomafunocku, os nohocponcfnonnoio uspanun hponmofom nosnoucfnun
fokymou cufyauuu.
axno hponopnfi poakuuk knuonfa, hockoniky, xofn nokofopwo
cfumynw hopopaafwnakfcn anfomafunocku, npyiuo nyxnakfcn n cho-
uuaninom uspanuu hponmofom nosnoucfnun. Kak yxo ocyxnanoci n
inano J, naionapn qqokfy nfopunnoio oycnonnunanun nokofopwo
fokymuo cufyauuu cfanonnfcn nosanucumwm ucfonnukom ochokoucfna
n posynifafo foio, nfo n hpomnom onu nacfo coonunnnuci c ofpuuafoni-
nwmu mouunmu. kwo nwnomnuo ocfonfonicfna unu nsaumonou-
cfnun, nwswnakmuo ochokoucfno knuonfa, nonxnw wfi uspanw
hponmofom nosnoucfnun u hopopaofanw. onimuncfno cnynaon fo
hpoucxonuf cpannufonino noiko, hockoniky pannuu ucfonnuk nuc-
qynkuuonaninocfu yxo honnopiancn nononuk. Onnako hcuxofopahon-
fy nooxonumo wfi iofonwm k honnnonuk npyiux nochomunanuu, ko-
fopwo moiyf cfafi nooxunannwm ucfonnukom fponoxnocfu. cnu
ochokoucfno, nwswnaomoo nwnomnou cufyauuou knuonfa, no ymoni-
maofcn, hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo sannficn houckamu nohonnufoni-
nwx nochomunanuu. (Hchonisonanuo na fou cfanuu nononun sahucou
n nnonnuko knuonfa honponoo ynof ocyxnaficn nanoo.)
axno hocfonnno hponopnfi qqokfunnocfi hcuxofopahuu, honfopno
usupan hponmofom nosnoucfnun nkwo nwnomnuo cufyauuu u hpono-
nn ux hopopaofky. Icuxofopahonfy nooxonumo hponnaiafi knuonfy
hpousnonufi hopoouonky nkwx nwnomnux cfumynon, kofopwo panoo
unonfuquuuponanuci kak ochokonmuo. Hooxonumo fakxo ckanupo-
nafi comounyk u couuaninyk cufyauuk knuonfa u ocfanonky y noio
na paofo nnn onapyxonun qopm noymocfnou fponoxnocfu. Ipu ho-
popaofko uspannwx hponmofom nosnoucfnun pasnpaxufonou hcuxofo-
2?i
pahonfy cnonyof opamaficn k nooxonumwm n fom cnynao snanunm
knuonfa, cnnsannwm c camoyfnopxnonuom.
Hcno:i:oounue :uunix :unuceu 0:n unu:u:u
u:+enenuu o couuu:inou cumyuuuu i:uenmu
axno, nfow hocno kaxnoio coanca II knuonf nonan sahucu n
cnoom nnonnuko. Ofo nooxonumo nnn foio, nfow hcuxofopahonf moi
ohpononufi nosmoxnwo nohonnufoninwo hponmofw nosnoucfnun. Ipon-
noxonuo hpousnocfu hopoouonky foio nu unoio hponmofa nosnoucfnun
naof nosmoxnocfi ohpononufi cfohoni unfoipuponannocfu mafopuana.
3ahucu knuonfa nakf hcuxofopahonfy nosmoxnocfi ynunofi, nackoni-
ko nonwo haffopnw poaiuponanun knuonfa coofnofcfnykf oio nwnom-
nomy okpyxonuk. 1akan hopoouonka hosnonnof ohpononufi kanocfno
nnyfponnux u honononnockux ofnofnwx poakuuu knuonfa n couuaninou
cucfomo.
Iockoniky nknu no mamunw, mw no hponhonaiaom, nfo ychom-
no hpomonmuu kypc II-hcuxofopahuu knuonf conopmonno no y-
nof poaiuponafi na fpanmafunockuo cowfun nuo na unwo nonaio-
hpunfnwo ocfonfonicfna, nonymuo k nucqynkuuonaninocfu.
Ipunonom hpumop. ofopan nounw no iofnamo, ocnoonunmuucn hocno
hcuxofopahuu of nyncfna nunw sa cmopfi noonnohnonnoio, coxpanun
ohponononnyk honani, ouononnyk um n nna anna ho Hkano cyok-
funnwx onunuu ochokoucfna, hockoniky, ho oio cnonam, nononok noni
nco panno hoiu. 1akuo hponnnonun ofpuuafoninwx mouuu moxno
cnufafi nhonno ymocfnou poakuuou.
Iomnufo, nfo II no ycfpannof anoknafnoio cufyauuu ochokou-
cfna knuonfa, cnyxamoio hoynufoninwm mofunom nnn coofnofcfnyk-
mux noucfnuu. Ha paofo unu n xusnu hauuonf nhonno moxof okasafi-
cn n cufyauuu, kofopyk ho omohpunnfwm cfannapfam moxno cnufafi
nohpunfnou, nochpanonnunou unu noynannou. Koina sahucu n oio nnon-
nuko cnunofonicfnykf o nwcokom yponno ochokoucfna, hcuxofopahonfy
nooxonumo ouonufi nck cufyauuk u pomufi, nackoniko ymocfnou n
fom cnynao nnnnofcn poakuun knuonfa. axo ocnu cufyauun noucfnu-
fonino nonwnocuma, knuonfy nooxonumo homoni ohpononufi, kakuo
nauonoo ymocfnwo noucfnun on moi w conopmufi os camoonunonun
u yfpafw cocfnonnoio nocfouncfna, uchwfwnanmuocn um panoo n ponu
xopfnw. Iofomy sahucu n nnonnuko nocima naxnw nnn ouonku poak-
uuu knuonfa na couuaninwo cufyauuu.
Hooxonumo nwncnufi anoknafnocfi cufyauuu knuonfa, nknknan
nkwo konqnukfw c poaninocfik, nfow ohpononufi, c kakumu qop-
2?2
mamu ofnofnou poakuuu knuonfa nooxonumo hpononufi paofy, nknk-
nakmyk n con hopopaofky, pasncnufoninwo oconw c knuonfom,
pasnunnwo qopmw comounou fopahuu unu hpumononuo foxnuk camokon-
fponn. co fo homoiaof hpunnfi nonaiohpunfnwo ocfonfonicfna
honconnonnou xusnu, usmonufi kofopwo mw no n cunax. axnwm ac-
hokfom nymonnoio snoponin nnnnofcn choconocfi no qokycuponaficn
na nonsionax u hpocfo hpunumafi ux kak qakf.
3ahucu n nnonnuko naxnw nnn foio, nfow nwncnufi, ocfakfcn nu
nucqynkuuonaninwmu ohponononnwo achokfw fpanmafunockoio mafo-
puana, a fakxo hpu nosnuknononuu nohponnunonnwx ocfonfonicfn, k
kofopwm nooxonumo opamaficn nnn ux hopopaofku. 1akuo xusnon-
nwo ocfonfonicfna moiyf wfi nauonoo honno hpoananusuponanw hpu
uchonisonanuu sahucou n nnonnuko, ofmonakmux nco ochokonmuo
momonfw. 1mafoninoo nononuo fux sahucou naxno nnn honnouonnou
II-hcuxofopahuu, fak kak onu moiyf hponnnnfi haffopnw poakuuu
knuonfa, nyxnakmuocn n unonfuqukauuu nohonnufoninwx nucqynk-
uuonaninwx nochomunanuu, nfo nooxonumo cnonafi hopon fom, kak
hpucfyhufi k paofo c ofpuuafoninwmu xusnonnwmu ocfonfonicfna-
mu knuonfa.
pomonamu hcuxofopahonf ynof ofmonafi, nfo ofpaxaomwo n sahu-
cnx knuonfa ochokonmuo hopoxunanun ykaswnakf na ohponononnwo
ofpuuafoninwo camohponcfannonun. Onnako fu ofpuuafoninwo camo-
hponcfannonun moiyf okasaficn ohpannanunmu hponwnymoio xusnonnoio
ohwfa knuonfa. fakux cnynanx hcuxofopahonf nonxon wfi iofon k
nooxonumocfu usynufi ux u safom coomufi o fom knuonfy. Cnony-
of ynocfi, nfo naxo ocnu nucqynkuuonaninwo yoxnonun u wnu pa-
noo ymocfnwmu, couuaninan cufyauun moina nacfoniko usmonuficn,
nfo yoxnonun knuonfa counac yxo hpocfo ycfaponu. Iockoniky ha-
uuonf okaswnaofcn sanokuponannwm n hpononax cnooio fpanmafunoc-
koio xusnonnoio ohwfa, ocnonannoio na nnunnuu hpomnoio, fo no-
nkuun oio couuaninoio ocosnananun nocima nononuka.
Ipoxno ncoio fo ofnocufcn k hponnnonunm nsaumoofnomonuu u
hononou unonfuqukauuu. Hahpumop, xonmuno unoina nooxonumo
honnfi, nfo cuninan u fnopnan hosuuun n nonax usnoca nhonno conmo-
cfuma c xoncfnonnocfik, n fo npomn kak myxnuno cnononano w ocos-
nafi, nfo choconocfi hopoxunafi mouuu u saofuficn o nofnx nukak
no ymannkf oio myxocfnonnocfu. Kpomo foio, nooxonumocfi paofw
c qakfopamu couuaninou cucfomw moxof wfi nwsnana hofponocfik
knuonfa chpannnficn c nkwmu hponnnonunmu nannonun co cfoponw oio
hpoxnux nucqynkuuonaninwx moxnunnocfnwx ofnomonuu.
Hacfo hcuxofopahonfy hpuxonufcn oncnnfi knuonfy ocnonw nuna-
muku cucfom, hokaswnan, kak opofonnoo um nyncfno camoqqokfun-
nocfu u nonwo ofnomonun moiyf no nochpunumaficn okpyxakmumu
2?J
nknimu. Ckaxom, knuonf moxof onapyxufi, nfo nanoko no kaxnwu
nononok nnnnofcn mouuonanino ycfoununwm, ofnofcfnonnwm, choco-
nwm k cocfpananuk, fonopanfnwm, nocfnwm u hpannunwm. Knuonfy
nooxonumo honnfi, nfo unoina on hpunuman pomonun, kacakmuocn
paofw unu moxnunnocfnwx ofnomonuu, n kofopwx hpucyfcfnonano
hpocfo cfpomnonuo yufu of nkou nohpunfnou cufyauuu, usmonufi
kofopyk nof nosmoxnocfu. Icuxofopahonfy cnonyof cnonafi nooxonu-
myk hopoouonky, nfow ohpononufi, nyxno nu hpononufi chouuqu-
nockyk paofy c nonwmu qopmamu honononun knuonfa.
1ubomu c by0yum
Iocno unonfuqukauuu u hopopaofku nucqynkuuonaninwx cowfuu
hpomnoio, a fakxo ncox nwnomnux ochokonmux ocfonfonicfn hcu-
xofopahonfy nooxonumo cocponofonuficn na choconocfu knuonfa hpu-
numafi nonwo pomonun n ynymom. Ofo nonaofcn hyfom unonfuquka-
uuu u hopopaofku nohonnufoninwx cfpaxon, fak xo kak u c homomik
uspanun hponmofom nosnoucfnun honoxufoninoio hpumopa, nknk-
nakmoio n con hpanuninwo qopmw ynymoio honononun. 1pofuu fah
cfannapfnoio hpofokona II nknknaof n con anoknafnoo unqopmu-
ponanuo knuonfa, cosnanuo noopaxaomoio honoxufoninoio hpumopa
u oio coonunonuo c uspannwm hponmofom nosnoucfnun, nfo hosnonuf
knuonfy n ynymom poaiuponafi na cowfun unano. nn oochononun
ychoxa n ynymom knuonfy cnonyof homoni accumunuponafi nonyk un-
qopmauuk. Iofomy fpofuu fah cfannapfnoio hpofokona II nn-
nnofcn cfoni naxnwm achokfom hpouocca nononun.
3nuuu+ie :u0u
Iocno foio kak knuonf hopopaofan nochomunanun o snanumwx nnn
noio nuuax, nooxonumo hponnoxufi omy hponcfanufi coo ncfpony c
onnum us nux n ynymom, ouonufi poakuuk knuonfa u ohpononufi, cy-
mocfnyof nu nooxonumocfi n naninoumou hopopaofko. Hahpumop,
knuonfko, hopopaafwnakmou nochomunanuo o cokcyaninom nacunuu,
conopmonnom nan nok n nofcfno pafom, moxno hponnoxufi hponcfa-
nufi ux ynymyk ncfpony n kpyiy comiu. Ofo ocoonno naxno, ocnu
fakan ncfpona noucfnufonino noponfna. Koina knuonfka coomaof o nos-
nuknononuu nyncfna cfpaxa, nooxonumo ouonufi oio oocnonannocfi.
1ak, ocnu paf hponhpunumaof hohwfku cnonocnoio ockopnonun unu
qusunockoio nacunun, cfpax knuonfku moxno cnufafi nhonno oocno-
2?4
nannwm. cnu xo knuonfka ionopuf, nfo paf nonof con chokouno u
packaunaofcn, fo n fom cnynao cfpax knuonfku moxno cnufafi posyni-
fafom no honynunmoio paspomonun fpanmafunockoio mafopuana, kofo-
pwu nooxonumo uspafi hponmofom nosnoucfnun u hopopaofku. Ipu
noymocfnom cfpaxo hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo hpousnocfu hopoouon-
ky ncou ipyhhw cowfuu, cnnsannwx c opasom pafa, nnn onapyxo-
nun kakux-nuo nopaspomonnwx momonfon. cnu ocfanuci nucqynkuu-
onaninwo nochomunanun, k num fakxo nooxonumo opamaficn nnn no-
honnufoninou hopopaofku. Hnwo cfpaxu knuonfku, cnnsannwo c ca-
moyfnopxnonuom unu kakumu-nuo oipanunonunmu, fakxo moiyf nyx-
naficn n uccnononanuu u coofnofcfnykmou hopopaofko. no sanucu-
mocfu of hpanomopnocfu cfpaxon hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo ocynufi
c knuonfkou hpanuninwo qopmw anahfunnoio honononun u homoni ou
ycnoufi nck fy unqopmauuk, uchonisyn honoxufoninwo hpumopw
(honponoo mw ocynum fo nanoo).
3nuuu+ie cumyuuuu
Kak yxo ofmonanoci, nnn knuonfa naxno hponcfanufi con n snanu-
mou ynymou cufyauuu, ohpononnn, coxpannkfcn nu y noio kakuo-nuo
ochokonmuo hponnnonun, ocfanmuocn noonapyxonnwmu. kwo
nohonnufoninwo u noymocfnwo cfpaxu nwswnakfcn nopaspomonnwmu
nucqynkuuonaninwmu nochomunanunmu u nnn knuonfa honosno hpon-
cfanufi coo nunoosahuci foio, kak cufyauun oio nwnomnou xusnu ynof
pasnunaficn n ynymom, nopos ion unu nna. Ipu fom nooxonumo ouo-
nufi nkwo hponnnonun ochokoucfna u ohpononufi nooxonumwo n
nannom cnynao cfohoni u qopmw hcuxofopahonfunockoio nmomafonicfna,
nknknan unqopmuponanuo knuonfa o qqokfunnwx cfpafoiunx mox-
nunnocfnoio honononun, cosnanuo honoxufoninwx hpumopon hononoio
honononun unu hopopaofky nucqynkuuonaninwx nochomunanuu. Kak
yxo yhomunanoci, honosno hponnoxufi knuonfy hponcfanufi chouuqu-
nockuo cufyauuu unu ncfponu co snanumwmu nnn noio nknimu, panoo
nwswnanmumu nyncfno ochokoucfna. co fo moxof hosnonufi hcuxo-
fopahonfy fonno ohpononufi nosnukmuo safpynnonun.
Hniopnopupoounue no:oume:inix npu+epoo
Ononkuun snoponoio opasa con sanucuf of nnyfponnou poakuuu na
cowfun u of honkpohnnkmux oo nnomnux hponnnonuu. Iofomy hcu-
xofopahonfy nooxonumo wfi nnumafoninwm k ooum fum qakfopam
nnn ohponononun, ocfi nu nooxonumocfi n hopopaofko noymocfnwx
2?5
qopm ofnofnou poakuuu knuonfa nuo n opamonuu k kakum-fo momon-
fam n oio couuaninom okpyxonuu.
Hnon nooxonumocfu nocfuxonun ychomnou unfoipauuu hpucyma
ncom achokfam II-hcuxofopahuu. o npomn kaxnoio coanca hcuxo-
fopahonfy nooxonumo hwfaficn unonfuquuuponafi honoxufoninoo
hponcfannonuo, kofopoo no foniko chococfnyof usmononuk nochpun-
fun hpomnwx cowfuu, no u ycununaof unnununa n nwnomnux u n
nosmoxnwx ynymux cufyauunx. Ionoxufoninoo camohponcfannonuo,
ynynu onnaxnw uncfannuponannwm u yfnopxnonnwm, hponnnnof q-
qokf ionopanusauuu n ofnomonuu ncox accouuafunno cnnsannwx nocho-
munanuu u honoxufonino opuonfupyof koinufunnwo hpouoccw n hna-
no nosmoxnwx hocnonykmux accouuauuu. osnukaof nhonafnonuo, nfo
yoxnonun knuonfa, cnnsannwo c oio unnununyaninwm nocfouncfnom,
qqokfunnocfik u ofnomonunmu c npyiumu nknimu, nnnnkfcn nop-
anusauunmu nyncfna nunnou unonfunnocfu. Iofomy moxno oxunafi
anoknafnou hopopaofku uspannoio hponmofom nosnoucfnun fpanmafu-
nockoio mafopuana, unfoipuponannoio n omyk honoxufoninyk cxo-
my, u yfnopxnonun nonoio nochpunfun con, oxnafwnakmoio hpomnoo,
nacfonmoo u ynymoo.
fo npomn kak cfanun uncfannnuuu nnnnkfcn nacfik kaxnoio co-
anca II, cfannapfnwu hpofokon uchonisyofcn nnn chouuqunockou
paofw c (i) pannumu nochomunanunmu, cfanmumu ocnonou nwnom-
nou nucqynkuuonaninocfu; (2) nwnomnumu cfumynamu, nwswnakmu-
mu akfunauuk nucqynkuuonaninoio mafopuana; (J) honoxufoninwmu
hpumopamu, nahpannnkmumu nosmoxnwo ynymuo noucfnun knuonfa.
Xofn II-hcuxofopahun, cocponofononnan na ofnofnou poakuuu knu-
onfa na nwnomnuo cfumynw, nknknaof n con yfnopxnonuo honoxufoni-
noio hponcfannonun nnn cosnanun nonou hopchokfunw, camo nononuo
okaswnaofcn nosanopmonnwm no fox hop, hoka no hpousounof hpunn-
fuo u yfnopxnonuo haffopna anifopnafunnou honononnockou poakuuu.
Ofu haffopnw ownno ofpaxakf nco fo, nfo mw ofnocum k honoxu-
foninwm opasuam.
Hnkophopuponanuo u yfnopxnonuo honoxufoninoio hpumopa nnn
anoknafnwx ynymux noucfnuu nnnnofcn cnooio pona pacmuponnou qop-
mou cfanuu uncfannnuuu. Icuxofopahonf u knuonf conmocfnwmu ycu-
nunmu uccnonykf, kak umonno knuonfy xofonoci w nochpunumafi,
nyncfnonafi u noucfnonafi c fonku sponun honoxufoninoio camoofno-
monun. axno ofmofufi hpookuuu knuonfa na ynymoo, fak kak onu
moiyf nknknafi n con noymocfnwo uonu unu cfpaxu, nwsnannwo ofcyf-
cfnuom coofnofcfnykmoio ohwfa unu cnoxunmumucn panoo nonopnw-
mu hponyoxnonunmu.
Hahpumop, naxo hocno foio kak nco fpanmafunockuo nochomunanun
xopfnw cokcyaninoio nacunun hopopaofanw, nonisn c ynoponnocfik
2?6
yfnopxnafi, nfo knuonfka iofona k anoknafnwm ofnomonunm c myxnu-
namu. Icuxofopahonfy nooxonumo hponocfu pasncnufoninyk ocony
o camoyfnopxnonuu, o hpunnfwx n omocfno ownanx, cokcyaninou
osohacnocfu u f.h., hpoxno nom fof fah hpofokona moxno ynof
cnufafi sanopmonnwm. Icuxofopahonfy cnonyof (c homomik hcuxofo-
pahonfunockux coancon u ipyhhonou paofw) nochonnufi nonocfafok
xusnonnoio ohwfa knuonfku, nfo nonxno wfi safom hpounfoipupo-
nano n hpouocco oo cocfnonnoio pasnufun. naninoumom hcuxofopa-
honfy nooxonumo hpousnocfu honfopnyk ouonky ychomnocfu unfoipa-
uuu qqokfon hcuxofopahuu, uchonisyn nnn foio sahucu n nnonnuko
knuonfa.
2opfna cokcyaninoio nacunun nacfo nochocona naynuficn nonwm
qopmam ymocfnoio couuaninoio nsaumonoucfnun us-sa cnuxonnoio
nyncfna camoynaxonun, nyncfna cfpaxa u usonuponannocfu posyni-
fafon nochufanun n nofcfno. Kpomo foio, mnoiuo us choconocfou knu-
onfa k couuaninou anahfauuu moinu wfi yfpanonw n hpouocco noanok-
nafnoio ponufonickoio nnunnun u nonocfafka xopomux hpumopon nnn
honpaxanun. 3anana hcuxofopahonfa homoni fakum knuonfam naynufi-
cn hpanuninomy couuaninomy nsaumonoucfnuk c nknimu u comounomy
omonuk, a fakxo nafi um nosmoxnocfi opocfu fo, nfo no wno yc-
noono n nofcfno. Ofo naxnan cfanun hcuxofopahuu, fak kak ona homo-
iaof knuonfy onoo akfunno nknknuficn n couuaninwo moxanusmw.
Hnkophopuponanuo honoxufoninwx hpumopon achokf II,
nknknakmuu n con paofy ho nusyanusauuu, nom-fo nahomunakmyk
foxnuky, uchonisyomyk nokofopwmu onumhuuckumu nomhuonamu no
npomn fponuponok. osnukaof nhonafnonuo, nfo noopaxaomoo nocfu-
xonuo honoxufoninoio posynifafa noucfnufonino chococfnyof poani-
nom ychoxy. Ipu paofo c xopfnamu cokcyaninoio nacunun hcuxofo-
pahonf moxof hponnoxufi um hponcfanufi anoknafnwo u honoxufoninwo
ofnomonun c hponcfanufonom hpofunohonoxnoio hona, ofpaafwnan n
noopaxonuu cnok poni. Iocno foio kak knuonfka xopfna cokcyani-
noio nacunun hpounof fakyk honiofonky, ou nooxonumo hponnoxufi
hponcfanufi cnou ohfumaninwo honononnockuo poakuuu nmocfo c ycu-
nunakmumcn honoxufoninwm camohponcfannonuom. 3afom hcuxofopa-
honf hpononuf hocnononafoninwo copuu nnuxonuu inas, homoian knu-
onfko ycnoufi unqopmauuk u hpunnfi oo n kanocfno honoxufoninoio
hpumopa nnn nosmoxnwx ynymux noucfnuu.
Iopnonananino xopfna cokcyaninoio unu unoio nacunun moxof
omymafi ochokoucfno, koina k nou hpocfo hpukacakfcn pyku nkoio
npyioio nononoka. fakom cnynao ou cnonyof homoni hponcfanufi coo
hocnononafoninocfi cowfuu no npomn nosmoxnou ncfponu c myxnunou,
hpoxonn nopos nco cfanuu hocfohonno pasnopfwnakmuxcn cokcyaninwx
hopoxunanuu. Hooxonumo hponnoxufi knuonfko hponcfanufi fakyk
2??
cufyauuk u homoni hopopaofafi nosnukakmoo hpu fom ochokoucfno.
3afom ou nyxno omo pas hponcfanufi fo xo opasw, ofmonan honnnonuo
nonoio, onoo honoxufoninoio ofnomonun. co fo honkpohnnofcn
hponononuom nohonnufoninwx copuu nnuxonuu inas. Hchonisonanuo
fakux honoxufoninwx hpumopon hosnonuf knuonfko nocfuni ohpononon-
noio nyncfna komqopfa no npomn hopoxunanun hononwx cufyauuu n
osohacnou ocfanonko kaunofa hcuxofopahonfa. Iocno foio kak cu-
fyauun cnunanun, hponcfannonnan n noopaxonuu of momonfa ncfponu
no cokcyaninwx ofnomonuu, wna uspana uonik hopopaofku, noo-
xonumo hoompufi knuonfky k hohwfkam hoponocfu nco fo n poaninyk
xusni. cnu nco cnonano hpanunino, fo nocima nonuka noponfnocfi
honynonun honoxufoninoio ohwfa, fak kak ycnoonnwo honoxufoninwo
hpumopw cmoiyf akfunuponaficn poaninwmu nnomnumu cowfunmu.
Icuxofopahonfy xonafonino honynufi honoxufoninyk opafnyk cnnsi
o poaninom ohwfo, nfow ohpononufi, nyxnaofcn nu knuonfka n oio
naninoumou homomu.
1akan xo hocnononafoninocfi noucfnuu nonxna wfi hpumonona k
xopfnam ockopnonuu u ynuxonuu na paofo, xonakmum naufu coo
npyioo mocfo. Ipoxno ncoio hcuxofopahonf unu koncynifanf ho noh-
pocam fpynoycfpoucfna nonxnw hpounqopmuponafi knuonfa o fom, kak
nynmo sanumaficn houckamu paofw. 3afom nooxonumo unkophopu-
ponafi pnn honoxufoninwx hpumopon, nknknan fo maiu, kofopwo cno-
nyof hponhpunnfi nnn foio, nfow opianusonafi ncfponu, nooxonumwo
nnn houcka paofw. Ipu fom knuonfy nooxonumo hpononxafi nocfu
sahucu n cnoom nnonnuko, nfow unonfuquuuponafi nkwo fpynnocfu,
c kofopwmu on moxof cfonknyficn n poaninou xusnonnou cufyauuu.
Iopopaofka opason nosmoxnwx ncfpon nnn unkophopuponanun hono-
xufoninwx hpumopon ynymux noucfnuu, kak hpanuno, nwswnaof oh-
ponononnoo ochokoucfno hpu poaninwx cufyauunx. nn knuonfa iopasno
nynmo nnanano unonfuquuuponafi nck onacfi nosmoxnoio ochokou-
cfna n kaunofo hcuxofopahonfa, nom cpasy cfankunaficn c fakou cufy-
auuou n noucfnufoninocfu.
Iomnufo, nfo honoxufoninoo camoofnomonuo ycnaunaofcn knuon-
fom (no npomn coancon ho hopopaofko fpanmafunockux nochomunanuu)
foniko hocno foio, kak nucqynkuuonaninwu mafopuan wn noucfnu-
fonino hopopaofan. Iononwm opasom unkophopuponanuo fmafoni-
no hponcfannonnoio n noopaxonuu honoxufoninoio hpumopa no cno-
nyof hwfaficn hponhpunumafi no fox hop, hoka pannuo nochomunanun,
nwswnanmuo nucqynkuuonaninyk poakuuk, u cymocfnykmuo n nacfo-
nmoo npomn pasnpaxufonu no ynyf ychomno hopopaofanw. Koina hocno
foio cfanyf nocfyhnwmu nonwo, onoo anahfunnwo u honoxufoninwo
camohponcfannonun, knuonf cmoxof hponcfanufi coo u onoo anahfun-
2?8
nwo noucfnun. Hooxonumo uchonisonafi II nnn mofaonusauuu u
hopopaofku nucqynkuuonaninoio mafopuana, nwswnakmoio noanok-
nafnoo honononuo, homoian fakum opasom knuonfy honnfi nonwo qop-
mw ofnofnou poakuuu, ycununakmuo oio xusnonnyk hosuuuk, u co-
snafi n noopaxonuu nonwu, onoo ymocfnwu fuh honononun. 3afom,
hpoxno nom hponnaiafi knuonfy hoponocufi nco fo n poaninyk xusni,
nonxnw wfi hpousnononw copuu nnuxonuu inas nnn unfoipauuu nos-
moxnou ofnofnou poakuuu.
Ofo fpofuu u hocnonnuu fah cfannapfnoio hpofokona II, ho-
snonnkmuu hcuxofopahonfy nanknafi ofnofnyk poakuuk knuonfa,
homoian omy hpopaofafi nosmoxnwo qopmw nnyfponnoio cohpofunno-
nun unu ononunnwo hponomw omo no foio, kak knuonf hohwfaofcn
noucfnonafi ho-nonomy n poaninom mupo. Hanano copuu nnuxonuu inas
n coonunonuu c noopaxaomwmu noucfnunmu u qopmamu honononun
nknknaof hpouocc hopopaofku omoio hponcfannonun o ynymom,
kofopoo moxno wno w nwpasufi cnonamu: Hfo moxof hpousoufu,
ocnu n hopocfany wfi noynannukom Icuxofopahonf nonxon wfi
ononi nnumafoninwm k nkwm hponnnonunm cfpaxa unu cohpofunnonun
co cfoponw knuonfa no npomn hopopaofku honoxufoninoio hpumopa.
Ofof hpumop nooxonumo fmafonino usynufi nnn nwnnnonun nosmox-
nwx noxnwx oxunanuu unu koinufunnwx uckaxonuu. cnu koinufun-
noo oncnonuo ymocfno, fo moxno hopopaafwnafi nkoo ocfafonnoo
nahpnxonuo.
Knuonfam ocoonno naxno ofmonafi nco ofpuuafoninwo nyncfna,
yoxnonun unu nwswnakmuo ochokoucfno omymonun, nosnukakmuo
hpu hponcfannonuu honoxufoninoio hpumopa. co fu ochokonmuo
momonfw nonxnw wfi hopopaofanw. cnu nosnukakf ofpuuafoninwo
yoxnonun, fo hopon hohwfkou unkophopuponanun honoxufoninoio
hpumopa xonafonino hponhpunnfi cnonykmuo maiu: (i) nwncnufi oio
snanonuo u ymocfnocfi; (2) usonuponafi nkwo cnnsannwo c fum hpu-
mopom nofckuo nochomunanun, choconwo nwswnafi ochokonmuo mo-
uuu u omymonun; (J) hpumonufi hpnmoo hcuxofopahonfunockoo nosnou-
cfnuo k nocfafonno xapakfopnomy nochomunanuk, nknknan yfnopxnonuo
honoxufoninoio camoofnomonun. Onnako no mnoiux cnynanx hpocfoio
ocyxnonun cufyauuu nmocfo c anoknafnwm unqopmuponanuom knuon-
fa u ohponononuom honxonnmoio honoxufoninoio hpumopa moxof wfi
nocfafonno nnn foio, nfow oio ofpuuafoninwo nyncfna pacconnuci.
nkom cnynao sanopmakmum maiom nonxno wfi hpunnfuo knuonfom
honoxufoninoio hpumopa u opofonuo nyncfna cocfnonnou qqokfun-
nocfu u naiohonynun. cfocfnonno, hpu fom naxno hpousnocfu no-
oxonumoo hopoouonunanuo qqokfon nononun, uchonisyn nnn foio
sahucu n nnonnuko knuonfa u nanknonuo sa oio honononuom.
2?
3ancpmcnnc ucnxu1cpaunn
Hocae0ymue 0eucmoun
3anopmakmum achokfom hopoouonku nnnnofcn hpunnfuo pomonun o
nooxonumocfu sanopmonun kypca hcuxofopahuu. Konunocfno hcuxo-
fopahonfunockux coancon nooxonumo hocfohonno cokpamafi, no ha-
uuonf ynof hpononxafi nocfu sahucu n nnonnuko fo naxno nnn nos-
moxnwx hocnonykmux noucfnuu hcuxofopahonfa. Koina na ocnonanuu
ananusa fux sahucou hcuxofopahonf hpunumaof pomonuo, nfo hpono-
nufi oxonononinwo coancw yxo nof nooxonumocfu, knuonfy moxno
nasnanufi cnonykmyk ncfpony nopos nno nononu, safom pas n mocnu u
nakonou pas n fpu mocnua. axno, nfow na hpofnxonuu ncoio foio
npomonu knuonf hpononxan nocfu cnou sahucu onu honanonfcn nnn
unonfuqukauuu panoo no nwnnnonnwx haffopnon, fpoykmux paofw.
co fo homoiaof knuonfy nynmo ocosnanafi camoio con, nfo ynof
hoyxnafi oio uchonisonafi cnuxakmuo cfpocc aynuosahucu u npyiuo
foxnuku hcuxonoiunockou honnopxku.
Iofponocfi n hocnonykmux noucfnunx ocoonno naxna nnn knuon-
fon, hopoxunmux fpanmafunockoo cowfuo n nofcfno, fak kak ofpuua-
foninwo yoxnonun, nosnukmuo n posynifafo hopoxufoio nacunun,
ckopoo ncoio hpunonyf k fakum ocfonfonicfnam no nspocnou xusnu,
kofopwo ynyf honkpohnnfi nyncfno occunun u ofcyfcfnun cocfnon-
noio nocfouncfna. oponfnoo ncoio, fakou knuonf ynof hocponcfnon-
no nwhonnnfi paofy, hocfonnno hponnyncfnyn noynany u noonoponuo
co cfoponw npyiux nknou.
cnu knuonf hpounof ychomnoo nononuo c homomik II-hcuxo-
fopahuu, pannuo nofckuo nochomunanun o nacunuu ynyf hopopaofa-
nw u mofaonusuponanw, hosnonun yfnopnuficn hponcfannonuk Y monn
nco n hopnnko. Ofo y hahw u mamw wnu hponomw, a n hpoychok u
nocfuiny uonu. 3afom moiyf wfi hopopaofanw coionnnmnuo pasnpa-
xufonu, nfow ofpuuafoninan poakuun na paofo u n couuaninom ok-
pyxonuu moina wfi samomona na onoo honoxufoninyk, chococfny-
kmyk nosnuknononuk nonoio nnn knuonfa nyncfna honoma cocfnon-
nwx cun. Iocno foio moxof wfi unkophopuponan honoxufoninwu
hpumop nnn pasnunnwx couuaninwx cufyauuu, nfo nochonnuf cymocfno-
nanmuu noquuuf nokofopwx honononnockux nanwkon (cnnsannwx c ca-
moyfnopxnonuom, ohponononuom nnn con ipanuu nohycfumwx noucfnuu
u f.h.) u honwcuf nyncfno cocfnonnoio nocfouncfna, n hpofunonoc
ofpuuafoninwm yoxnonunm, cnnsannwm c fpanmafunockou nunnou uc-
fopuou knuonfa.
Kpomo unkophopuponanun honoxufoninwx hpumopon, y knuonfa
ynyf hpoucxonufi u nokofopwo anfomafunockuo usmononun, nwswna-
omwo hpumononuom II. 1ak, onnum us noponfnwx hocnoncfnuu hpa-
28O
nunino hponononnou hopopaofku nnnnofcn fak naswnaomwu qqokf
pnu. On nosnukaof, koina y knuonfa honnnnkfcn nonwo qopmw ho-
nononun, cnnsannwo c opofonuom nonoio nyncfna unonfunnocfu hoc-
no hopopaafwnanun ofpuuafoninoio nacnonun fpanmafunockux nocho-
munanuu. Moxno paccnufwnafi na fo, nfo hocno hpoxoxnonun
hcuxofopahuu knuonf cfanof nynmo nwhonnnfi cnok paofy u cmoxof
nouficn onimoio ychoxa.
Hooxonumo homnufi, nfo nkwo nonwo qopmw noucfnuu knuonfa
ynyf cfankunaficn c nonwmu ofnofnwmu poakuunmu, cfumynupykmu-
mu, n cnok onoponi, coofnofcfnykmuo noupocofu, conopxamuo kak
honoxufoninwo, fak u ofpuuafoninwo yoxnonun. Moxno nanonficn,
nfo knuonf ncfpofuf honnopxky nonwx qopm honononun n cnoom okpy-
xonuu. Io mopo honynonun hoxnan, komhnumonfon, pokomonnauuu u
hponnuxonun ho cnyxo y knuonfa moxof nosnukafi nyncfno cfpaxa unu
ochokoucfna. Ofo oncnnofcn akfunauuou noupocofu, conopxamou
nucqynkuuonaninwo yoxnonun fuha cnu n yny cnumkom ychomon,
fo nknu ofnopnyfcn of monn. 1akoo yoxnonuo moxof wfi unkopho-
puponano hpu nanknonuu cufyauuu poaninou xusnu, nfonuu knui unu
hpocmofpo qunimon. no sanucumocfu of hpunun nosnuknononun, fo
yoxnonuo no wno uccnononano ho fou hpocfou hpununo, nfo panoo
knuonf nukoina no nocfuian coofnofcfnykmux honoxufoninwx posyni-
fafon (u no cnwman hoxnan), kofopwo moinu w oio akfunuponafi. 1om
no monoo ofpuuafoninwo mouuu, nwswnaomwo cufyauunmu, n kofopwx
ownno moxno oxunafi honynonun ynonnofnoponun, ynyf nahomunafi
hcuxofopahonfy o nooxonumocfu naninoumou hopopaofku.
axno, nfow knuonf honuman nooxonumocfi hpononxafi nank-
nonuo y hcuxofopahonfa c uonik ouonku nosmoxnwx ynymux poakuuu
u ohponononun, ocfi nu nooxonumocfi n nohonnufoninom hcuxofopa-
honfunockom nmomafonicfno. ochomunanun, hponcfannnkmuo coou
ysnonwo fonku ofpuuafoninwx yoxnonuu, nonxnw wfi unonfuquuu-
ponanw u hopopaofanw, a nmocfo nux nonxnw yfnopnuficn honoxu-
foninwo camohponcfannonun.
Ouonnunue uypcu ncuxomepunuu
Xofn sahucu n nnonnuko knuonfa moiyf honfnopxnafi nanunuo oc-
hokonmux nyncfn, ykaswnakmux na coxpanonuo ohponononnou nucqyn-
kuuonaninocfu, onu moiyf ofnocuficn u k fom qopmam ochokoucfna,
kofopwo nnnnkfcn cnoncfnuom ownnwx hponpafnocfou xusnu. Koina
konunocfno fakux sahucou n nnonnuko ymonimaofcn u hopnunnwo xanow
ncfponakfcn cponu nux numi cnynauno, knuonfy nooxonumo hpunnfi
pomonuo, nyxnaofcn nu on omo n hcuxofopahuu nnn oochononun cno-
28i
oio nymonnoio snoponin unu nunnocfnoio pocfa (kofopwu moxof cfano-
nuficn ofnoninou sananou, oxnafwnakmou nck xusni). Iofomy c
nokofopwmu knuonfamu naxno ocynufi ux uonu u oxunanun.
o mnoiux cnynanx knuonfy nooxonumo honnfi oipanunonun, cnn-
sannwo c camou nonononockou hpuponou u cymocfnykmuo n sanucumo-
cfu of foio, nackoniko camoakfyanusuponannou unu camoyhpannno-
mou nunnocfik on nnnnofcn. Hahpumop, mnoiuo xopfnw hocffpanma-
funockoio cunnpoma cnufakf, nfo ocnu ux cumhfomw ynyf ychomno
usnononw, onu onimo nukoina no ynyf nyncfnonafi con nocnacfnu-
nwmu. Knuonfon nooxonumo hponyhponufi, nfo n nonononockou xus-
nu nousoxno hpoucxonnf hofpnconun, nosnoucfnykmuo na nopnnyk
cucfomy u hpunonnmuo k nosnuknononuk kak ymocfnwx, fak u noymo-
cfnwx poakuuu, sanucnmux of pasnwx qakfopon, cnnsannwx c hpouoc-
camu uoxumunockoio u iopmonaninoio omona, a fakxo cfohonik
ycfanocfu u conofanuom pasnunnwx pasnpaxufonou. mocfo foio nfo-
w sanumaficn camounonanuom hpu nosnuknononuu inona, cfpaxa unu
onu, honosnoo hpocfo ohpononufi, n kakou mopo fu nyncfna nnnnkf-
cn hoynufoninou cunou noucfnuu unnununa, u hponhpunnfi nooxo-
numwo maiu, nfow chpanuficn c ochokonmou cufyauuou u nkwmu
qopmamu ocfafonnoio fonocnoio nahpnxonun.
C nokofopwmu knuonfamu nooxonumo ocynufi pasnunun moxny n
no moiy cnonafi fo u n hponhonufak foio no nonafi. Hahpumop,
knuonfka, c nofcfna hanunocku onmancn nofafi na camonofo, ychom-
no hopopaofana cnou cfpax hocno nockonikux coancon II. Cufya-
uun, hpoxno nwswnanman hanunockyk poakuuk, wna honfopno uspa-
na n kanocfno uonu u hponmofa nosnoucfnun. cnu wno npomn nnn
unkophopuponanun honoxufoninoio hpumopa, knuonfka ofmonana, nfo
nononino fpynno hponocfu pasnunuo moxny fom, nfo nyncfnyof ona, u
nfo nonxnw nyncfnonafi nopmaninwo nknu. Mw ychokounu oo, onc-
nun, nfo oo ofpuuafoninoo ofnomonuo nhonno ocfocfnonno u mnoiuo
nknu no uchwfwnakf ocooio ynononicfnun, cunn n camonofo. Knu-
onfka honnna, nfo fakoio pona poakuun no moxof usmonuficn na fo
u no nyxno. axno wno hpusnafi, nfo hpu nooxonumocfu ona cmo-
xof nofafi camonofom.
Iocno foio kak onacfu nucqynkuuonaninocfu wnu hopopaofanw
u knuonfka cmoina opocfu nyncfno ychoxa u panocfu n nacfonmom, a
fakxo wna honiofonnona k fomy, nfow hoponocfu fu nyncfna na y-
nymoo, a sahucu n oo nnonnuko no ofmonanu nanunuo nonwx hponom-
nwx onacfou, moxno wno cnonafi nwnon, nfo hpumno npomn sanop-
mafi kypc hcuxofopahuu. nn knuonfku naxnoo ncoio wno honyncfno-
nafi camy hofonuuaninyk nosmoxnocfi. 1ohopi ona snana, nfo hpu
honnnonuu kakux-nuo hponom unu haffopnon nucqynkuuonaninou
poakuuu, c kofopwmu ou no ynacfcn chpanuficn camou, ona ncoina
282
cmoxof opafuficn k hcuxofopahonfy u hpoufu nohonnufoninwu kypc
nononun. Ohponononuo ymocfnoio yponnn oxunanuu ocoonno naxno
nnn coxpanonun hcuxofopahonfunockoio qqokfa.
Onun us knuonfon, hpomonmuu mocfik ionamu panoo ychomnwu
kypc nononun of hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma, hpununou kofopoio
wno ynacfuo n nouno no iofnamo, nnoni opafuncn k hcuxofopahon-
fy. nanano y noio nco wno nopmanino hopnonananinan nucqynk-
uuonaninocfi no nosnpamanaci, knuonf honynun hopchokfunnyk pao-
fy, xonuncn u wn cnacfnun n pako. Onnako y noio honnunuci
nannsnunwo nochomunanun o cokcyaninom nacunuu, nwswnanmuo cuni-
noo ochokoucfna. o npomn hponwnymoio kypca hcuxofopahuu no wno
onapyxono nukakux hpusnakon cokcyaninwx nucqynkuuu unu npyiux
namokon na nanunuo fpanmafunockoio ohwfa cokcyaninoio nacunun. Ho
nonanno knuonf nchomnun cnok mafi n chouuqunockou cokcyaninou
hoso nco fo hpoucxonuno n komnafo mofonn, a hofom nanan ncho-
munafi npyiuo cuonw cokcyaninoio nacunun, cnnsannwo c oio ofuom u
kakou-fo npyiou xonmunou. Iasionop c pafom honfnopnun oio hono-
sponun, cohponoxnanmuocn honnnonuom nohonnufoninwx nochomuna-
nuu. bochokoucfno knuonfa nocfuino nposnwnauno nwcokou cfohonu,
fak kak nchnwnmuo us hamnfu cuonw wnu honnw kponu u cosnananu
nhonafnonuo, nfo omy hpumnoci wfi cnunofonom yuucfna na cokcy-
aninou honno. Ofu cuonw wnu uspanw hponmofom nosnoucfnun u
hopopaofanw na hpofnxonuu fpox coancon II, hocno noio fpanma-
funockuo opasw cfanu kak w onoo ofnononnwmu u cfano ncno, nfo
kponi no wna cnnsana c yuucfnom, a wna ncoio numi moncfpyani-
nou. Xofn y knuonfa coxpanunoci nhonafnonuo, nfo on wn cnunofo-
nom cnynaon cokcyaninoio nacunun, hocno hcuxofopahuu on yxo moi
os fpyna chpannnficn co cnoum ochokoucfnom u oio nahpnxonnocfi
paspnnunaci of ocosnanun, nfo on n nkou momonf moxof cnona opa-
fuficn k hcuxofopahonfy.
Ha ocnono foio hpumopa moxno cqopmynuponafi nockoniko hpun-
uuhon honononun hcuxofopahonfa.
!. He c:e0yem cuumumi, umo :uun oo:+onun ecco:nume:inun 0uc-
qyniuun nenpe+enno 0ocmueuem pu:pemenun nu npomnenuu onpe0e:en-
noeo io:uuecmou ceuncoo ,1,1. Knuonf moxof nocfuni cocfonnun of-
nocufoninoio nymonnoio snoponin u ypannonomonnocfu, ynonnofnopu-
foninoio nnn oio coionnnmnux xufouckux ocfonfonicfn u cfanuu nun-
nocfnoio pasnufun naxo os honnoio uckopononun nosmoxnoio ucfon-
nuka ochokoucfna. Xofn coomonun hcuxofopahonfon, paofanmux c
II, cnunofonicfnykf o fom, nfo fa foxnuka nwcnooxnaof ho-
nannonnwu unu nuccouuuponanwu mafopuan namo, nom npyiuo qop-
mw hcuxofopahuu (II pIo, i2b), ychomnan hopopaofka nosmoxnwx
28J
qopm ochokoucfna knuonfa, nooxonuman kak cponcfno paspomonun ak-
fyaninwx hponom, no osnanaof, nfo n ynymom y noio no nosnuknyf
nonwo ucfonnuku ochokoucfna.
2. Heoxo0u+o ooncnumi i:uenmy, umo ne uci:uuenu oo:+onocmi
npono:enun noooeo mpuo+umuuecioeo +umepuu:u u umo :mo ne no:nemcn
npu:nuio+ ney0uuu, u ciopee uucmiu ecmecmoennoeo npoueccu pucipimun.
Ionosno hpunocfu fakyk mofaqopy: Iopopaofka nkoio nonoio ma-
fopuana, nchnwnakmoio na honopxnocfi, honona cnnfuk koxypw c
apfumoka (n hponhonufak ionopufi umonno o apfumoko, a no o ny-
konuuo, fak kak apfumok conopxuf n coo nnpo). Ofo naof knuonfy
omymonuo, nfo cocfonnuo nymonnoio snoponin ncoina hpucyfcfnyof ino-
fo y noio n inyuno, a fakxo honumanuo, nfo packpwfuo nonou uonu
hponnaiaof omy omo onny nosmoxnocfi honynufi nohonnufoninoo sna-
nuo o coo. Knuonfa nooxonumo hponyhponufi, nfo nokofopwo npy-
iuo hponnnonun ochokoucfna moiyf ocfocfnonno nosnukafi ho mopo
unfoipuponanun hpoucxonnmux usmononuu u hpuopofonun nonoio
xusnonnoio ohwfa. 1akoo oncnonuo honiofonuf oio k ncfpono c no-
nwm fpanmafunockum mafopuanom u yckopuf nocfuxonuo honoxufoni-
noio posynifafa hcuxofopahuu.
J. 1pu neoxo0u+ocmu 0:n ymoep0enun y i:uenmu uyocmou opeme-
nun nooix cu: u oepi o coou cnoconocmu neoxo0u+o npooo0umi nu:u-
0enue u noc:e :uoepmenun iypcu ncuxomepunuu. Knuonfy naxno honnfi,
nfo nnn nkoio nononoka naxnwm ycnonuom coxpanonun nymonnoio
snoponin nnnnofcn choconocfi hopoxunafi camoynonnofnoponuo u nyn-
cfno panocfu, unonfuquuupynci c fum nyncfnom, no ocfananci n fo xo
npomn iofonwm k nosmoxnocfu cfpananun. Hnonfuqukauun ucfonnuka
ochokoucfna hosnonuf knuonfy hpunnfi pomonuo, kakoo umonno hcu-
xofopahonfunockoo nosnoucfnuo nooxonumo n nannom cnynao. Iopon
fom, kak opafuficn sa homomik k hcuxofopahonfy, knuonfy nooxo-
numo hohpoonafi nocfyhnwo omy cponcfna camohomomu. o mnoiux
cnynanx cnnfi ochokoucfno moxno fakumu nocfafonno hpocfwmu nou-
cfnunmu, kak nahpannnomoo noopaxonuo, monufauun unu camonnymo-
nuo. Kpomo foio, knuonf moxof hohpoonafi camocfonfonino nwhon-
nufi nnuxonun inas (honpono fo ohucano n inano ).
Hpak1nka uu nancnncv
Icuxofopahonfam cnonyof uchonisonafi unqopmauuk, hpunononnyk
n inanax 5, 6 u ?, hpu hpakfuko hon nanknonuom chouuanucfa, hpoxno
nom hopoxonufi k hpumononuk unqopmauuu u hpofokonon, ohucannwx
n nannou inano. bonoo hponnunyfwu mafopuan, hponnaiaomwu n inano
, no nonxon hpakfunocku hpumonnficn no fox hop, hoka hcuxofopa-
284
honf no ynof xopomo opuonfuponaficn n ohucannwx panoo qopmax fox-
nuku II. Ownno nnn foio fpoyofcn of mocfu no nocimu nononi.
Kak yxo yhomunanoci, no npomn fou hpakfuku nokofopwo hcuxofopa-
honfw cfonknyfcn c qonomonom mopfnou hofnu, koina y knuonfa
coxpannofcn fof xo camwu ypononi ochokoucfna naxo hocno uchoni-
sonanun ncox anifopnafunnwx honxonon, ohucannwx n nannou inano.
fom cnynao nooxonumo hpumonnfi cfumynupykmyk nopcuk II,
ohucannyk n inano iO. Ipoxonnmuo oynonuo hcuxofopahonfw, omo no
snakomwo c fou nopcuou II, nonxnw hpumonufi yhpaxnonun nnn
sanopmonun coanca, ohucannwo n inano , u nosnopxunaficn of hohw-
fok hpononxafi nononuo no fox hop, hoka no honynaf nosmoxnocfi pa-
ofafi hon nanknonuom onoo ohwfnoio chouuanucfa.
H1urn n nunuu
ociman cfanun II naswnaofcn cfanuou hopoouonku. Ha fou
cfanuu hcuxofopahonf ohpononnof cfohoni ycnoonun knuonfom hopopa-
ofannou unqopmauuu u fo, nackoniko on cmoi nknknuficn n snopo-
nwo couuaninwo ofnomonun. 1akan hopoouonka hpoucxonuf hopon na-
nanom kaxnoio coanca, hponmocfnyn hopopaofko. Icuxofopahonf
hponnaiaof knuonfy cnona opafuficn k fpanmafunockomy mafopuany, us-
upanmomycn hponmofom nosnoucfnun, u hpocmofpofi cnou sahucu n
nnonnuko. o npomn hopoouonku hcuxofopahonf pykononcfnyofcn hpo-
fokonom us fpox fahon, opamanci k hpomnwm cowfunm, noxamum
n ocnono nucqynkuuonaninocfu, k nwnomnum pasnpaxufonnm, nwsw-
nakmum ochokoucfno, u hponnaiaof knuonfy honoxufoninwu hpumop
nosmoxnwx ynymux noucfnuu. Iopoouonka hokaswnaof, koina noo-
xonumo hopoxonufi k nonomy fahy hpumonnomoio hpofokona, a koina
sanopmafi kypc nononun. Ipanuninwo hocnonykmuo mopw fakxo nn-
nnkfcn ononi naxnwm achokfom II-hcuxofopahuu.
Oqqokfunnocfi nononun ouonunaofcn hyfom ohponononun kanocfna
opasa, hponcfannnkmoio uspannoo hponmofom nosnoucfnun fpanma-
funockoo cowfuo, yponnn cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna, camo-
hponcfannonun u cfohonu oio coofnofcfnun, a fakxo c homomik ana-
nusa sahucou n nnonnuko u poakuuu knuonfa na ynymuo hpookuuu.
Iopon sanopmonuom kypca hcuxofopahuu mafopuan, nckpwfwu no npo-
mn ananusa ucfopuu knuonfa u hocnonykmou hopopaofku, nonxon wfi
honnopinyf hopoouonko. co nooxonumwo nochomunanun, nwnomnuo
pasnpaxufonu u hponnunumwo ynymuo noucfnun nonxnw wfi uspa-
nw hponmofom nosnoucfnun u hopopaofku, a knuonfy nonxnw wfi
hponnoxonw honoxufoninwo hpumopw nnn ynymux noucfnuu, choco-
cfnykmuo nosnuknononuk nonwx, onoo anahfunnwx qopm honononun
u hopopaofko nkwx koinufunnwx uckaxonuu. osmoxno, hcuxofo-
pahonfy hofpoyofcn hponocfanufi knuonfy nooxonumyk unqopmauuk
o nonwx qopmax honononun unu ofnomonunx, nfow nochonnufi noqu-
uuf snanuu, cnnsannwu c noanoknafnwm nnunnuom ponufonou unu no-
naiohpunfnwm xusnonnwm ohwfom.
Iopoouonka knununockou paofw nknknaof n con honynonuo of
knuonfa coomonuu o cowfunx poaninou xusnu knuonfa. nonnuk
nooxonum nnn ohponononun hofonuuaninwx uonou nosnoucfnun u sahucu
n nom ononi naxnw nnn honwmonun qqokfunnocfu kypca hcuxofopa-
huu. co hponnnonun ochokoucfna y knuonfa nonxnw wfi ouononw
na coofnofcfnuo poaninwm ocfonfonicfnam, nonwm nonaiohpunfnwm
nosnoucfnunm unu hponomam, cnnsannwm c couuaninou cucfomou.
Icuxofopahonf nonxon hosaofuficn o qopmuponanuu y knuonfa poa-
nucfunockux oxunanuu, oynufi oio foxnukam camokonfponn u hponyh-
ponufi o nosmoxnou nooxonumocfu hcuxofopahonfunockoio nmomafoni-
cfna n ynymom. 3anopmakman hopoouonka hpononufcn nnn foio, nfo-
w ohpononufi, moxno nu sakannunafi kypc hcuxofopahuu.
286
9. HOTOKOb H HOUYb
R OCO6bX CHTYAUHH
1w moxomi yoxafi of hoionu,
no no of foio, nfo nnyfpu fon.
Aqpuiunciun noeooopiu
Cfannapfnan hpouonypa II moxof wfi hpuchoconona k pasnun-
nwm hcuxonoiunockum hponomam c homomik pnna chouuaninwx hpo-
fokonon. anoo mw paccmofpum ocnonnwo hpunuuhw hpakfunockoio
hpumononun II, cfannapfnyk hpouonypy u cfannapfnwu hpofokon
us fpox fahon, hpuionnwu nnn onimuncfna knuonfon, hopoxunmux
mouuonaninyk fpanmy. Ofof cfannapfnwu hpofokon, honpono ohu-
cannwu n hponwnymou inano, chocoon oochonufi ucnophwnakmyk
hopopaofky ncox ocnonnwx qopm nucqynkuuonaninoio mafopuana,
hponnnnkmoiocn n poakuuu knuonfa na hpomnwo cowfun u nwnom-
nuo cufyauuu, a fakxo n oio hpookuunx na ynymoo.
nannou inano mw nanum omuu osop cfannapfnou hpouonypw
II, a safom ohumom oo nohonnufoninwo qopmw u chouuaninwo
hpofokonw. paofo c knuonfom moxof hpumonnficn nkou us hpo-
fokonon, hockoniky hauuonf moxof nyxnaficn n nononuu, conofakmom
chouuqunockuo hpofokonw, hponnasnanonnwo nnn pasnunnwx fpanm,
qouu u saononanuu. co fu chouuqunockuo qopmw nononun nhu-
cwnakfcn n omyk cxomy, hponnaiaomyk cfannapfnwm hpofokonom,
ohucannwm panoo. Kpomo foio, n nannou inano hpunonnfcn uncfpyk-
uuu nnn hcuxofopahonfa, xonakmoio oynufi knuonfa camocfonfoninomy
uchonisonanuk nnuxonuu inas, nfo moxof wfi honosnwm hpu sanop-
monuu kypca hcuxofopahuu.
ohonnufoninwo hpofokonw hokaswnakf, kak hpumonnfi II k
pasnunnwm hponomam. Onu hpuionnw n onimuncfno cnynaon. bonoo
honponan unqopmauun o uchonisonanuu hpunononnwx hpofokonon c
ofnoninwmu knuonfamu, uchwfwnakmumu nwcokuo yponnu ochokou-
cfna, naofcn n inano ii. Onnako hcuxofopahonfy nnanano nooxonumo
hohpoonafi uchonisonafi nohonnufoninwo hpofokonw c naumonoo fpan-
muponannwmu knuonfamu na hpofnxonuu nnyxmocnnnou hpakfuku.
28?
Onnnaua1t c1an c1anap1nu upuucypu
Ipunuuhw, honoxonnwo n ocnony foxnuku II, fpoykf paspa-
ofku fmafoninoio hnana nononun u ohponononun ipanuu hcuxofopahon-
funockoio nosnoucfnun. Iocno usynonun ucfopuu onosnu, ohponono-
nun anamnosa (cfanun hopnan) u honiofonku knuonfa (cfanun nfopan)
hcuxofopahonf moxof hpucfyhafi k ohponononuk hponmofa nosnoucfnun,
unonfuqukauuu coofnofcfnykmux oio komhononfon u hponononuk of-
noninwx hcuxofopahonfunockux coancon, honnocfik nwhonnnn hpouo-
nypw, ohucannwo n hponwnymux inanax. Cfannapfnwo hpouonypw nknk-
nakf n con cnonykmuo maiu.
i. Upu:. Moxof nu knuonf ohpononufi opas, ofpaxakmuu n uo-
nom nauonoo fpanmafunockyk nacfi cowfun cnu on no moxof oh-
pononufi fakou opas, omy cnonyof hpocfo nymafi o cowfuu.
2. Umpuuume:inoe cu+onpe0cmuo:enue. opmuponanuo ofpuuafoni-
noio camohponcfannonun, nwpaxakmoio ocnonnyk camoouonky unu
yoxnonuo. 1akoo camohponcfannonuo nonxno nanunaficn c H u
nknknafi n con cnona, nosnukakmuo n cosnanuu knuonfa onnonpomonno
c opasom.
J. 1o:oume:inoe cu+onpe0cmuo:enue. Cosnanuo xonaomoio hono-
xufoninoio nwckaswnanun o coo, nknknakmoio nnyfponnkk onacfi
konfponn.
4. Jpooeni coomoemcmoun npe0cmuo:enun. Ouonka knuonfom (unfy-
ufunno, na yponno fona) cfohonu coofnofcfnun honoxufoninoio camo-
hponcfannonun (i ann honnocfik no coofnofcfnyof, a ? annon
honnocfik coofnofcfnyof).
5. :+ouuu. Haswnanuo nwswnakmux ochokoucfno mouuu, nosnu-
kakmux hpu coonunonuu opasa u ofpuuafoninoio camohponcfannonun.
6. Jpooeni cyoeimuonix e0unuu ecnoioucmou. Ouonka knuonfom
cfohonu ochokoucfna, nosnukakmoio hpu cfumynuponanuu fpanmafu-
nockoio nochomunanun (O noufpaninan ouonka, hokou, a iO nau-
onimoo ochokoucfno, kofopoo moxno hponcfanufi).
?. .oiu:u:uuun omymenuu o me:e. Ohponononuo foio, ino umonno n
fono uchwfwnakfcn qusunockuo omymonun hpu opamonuu k fpanma-
funockou unqopmauuu.
8. ,ecencuu:u:uuun. Hanano hpouocca onucfku ncox accouuafunnwx
kananon hamnfu, hocno sanopmonun kofopoio ouonka cowfun, uspan-
noio hponmofom nosnoucfnun, nocfuiaof O unu i anna ho Hkano
cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna (onoo nwcokan ouonka nohycfu-
ma numi n fom cnynao, ocnu ona konoiunocku nanunna nnn nannoio
knuonfa).
288
. Hncmu::nuun. nononuo honoxufoninoio camohponcfannonun:
hponopka cfohonu coofnofcfnun hopnonananinoio unu nnoni us-
pannoio honoxufoninoio camohponcfannonun;
cnnswnanuo honoxufoninoio camohponcfannonun c uspannwm n
kanocfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun cowfuom;
nocfuxonuo cfohonu coofnofcfnun hponcfannonun n ? annon (npy-
ian ouonka nohycfuma numi n fom cnynao, ocnu fo konoiunocku na-
nunno nnn nannoio knuonfa).
iO. liunupoounue me:u. Knuonf ckanupyof fono nnn houcka nkwx
ocfafonnwx qusunockux omymonuu, onnonpomonno ynopxunan n cosna-
nuu uspannoo hponmofom nosnoucfnun fpanmafunockoo cowfuo u ho-
noxufoninoo camohponcfannonuo.
ii. 3uoepmenue. Okonnanuo hcuxofopahonfunockoio coanca fakum
opasom, kofopwu naof knuonfy nyncfno cocfnonnou qqokfunnocfu
u nocfuxonun ychoxa.
tu:yu:u:uuun. Hchonisonanuo nahpannnomoio noopaxonun nnn pac-
counanun nkwx ocfafonnwx qopm ochokoucfna.
Ucy0enue. Iocno okonnanun hcuxofopahuu cnonyof nafi knuon-
fy conofw o nosmoxnwx posynifafax hopopaofku, o nononuu nnonnu-
ka, uchonisonanuu ponakcauuonnwx aynuosahucou u npyiux chocoon
camokonfponn.
Hpu1ukun nu u1cntnuru 1panva1n4cckuru cuu1nu
Xofn cfannapfnwu hpofokon us fpox fahon oochonunaof hponono-
nuo knuonfa nopos nco cfanuu hcuxofopahonfunockoio coanca, chouu-
aninwu hpofokon, hponnasnanonnwu nnn paofw c ofnoninwm fpanma-
funockum cowfuom, unonfuquuupyof chouuqunockuo uonu, uchoni-
syomwo hpu hopopaofko nochomunanuu o ofnoninom fpanmafunockom
cowfuu. Ofof hpofokon nhucwnaofcn n omyk cxomy, hponnaiaomyk
cfannapfnwm hpofokonom u hpumonumyk nnn onimuncfna knuonfon,
onnako on moxof uchonisonaficn n cufyauunx, koina ofnoninwo noc-
homunanun nwswnakf cumhfomw nannsnunocfu. Cnonyof honnopknyfi,
nfo k xopfnam hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma nno ncnkoio comnonun
nooxonumo hpumonnfi cfannapfnwu hpofokon (nfo yxo honcnnnoci n
hponwnymux inanax) c uonik nauonoo qqokfunnou paofw co ncomu
hponnnonnwmu cumhfomamu. 1ak, nahpumop, xofn hpofokon paofw
c ofnoninwm fpanmafunockum cowfuom nahpannon hpoxno ncoio na
cumhfomw nannsnunocfu, c cumhfomamu usoianun moxno hpononufi
paofy c homomik honoxufoninwx hpumopon (fpofuu fah cfannapfnoio
hpofokona). Ipu paofo c ofnoninwm fpanmafunockum cowfuom cfan-
napfnan hpouonypa nonxna hpumonnficn k cnonykmum hponmofam nos-
noucfnun:
28
i) nochomunanun unu opasw noucfnufonino hpoucxonunmoio fpan-
mafunockoio cowfun;
2) cuona, nosnukakman n nannsnunwx nochomunanunx (ona moxof
ofnunaficn of opasa, hponcfannnkmoio nco fpanmafunockoo cowfuo);
J) opas cnonunonun unu nauonoo fpanmafunockan cuona honfopn-
kmoiocn nonnoio kommapa;
4) nwnomnuo pasnpaxufonu, nwswnakmuo ochokonmuo nochomu-
nanun unu poakuuu (nahpumop, snyk sanonnmoucn mamunw unu ohpo-
nononnoio pona hpukocnononuo).
Hpu1ukun nu pau1u c cymcc1nymc
1pcnuxnuc1t n cnuiannuv c nc uunccnncv
bonimuncfno fpanmuponannwx knuonfon coomakf o nockonikux
qopmax fponoxnocfu u nwswnaomoio ok honononun, ochokonmux n
nacfonmoo npomn. Y nokofopwx knuonfon ochokoucfno no cnnsano c
ocnonnwm fpanmafunockum cowfuom, u hpunonumwu nuxo hpofokon
homoiaof paofafi c fumu hponomamu.
hononwx cnynanx hcuxofopahonf homoiaof knuonfy ohpononufi
(i) cam qakf fponoxnocfu, nyxnakmoucn n nononuu, (2) hopnunnyk
oo hpununy u ocnonnoo fpanmafunockoo nochomunanuo (ocnu ynaofcn)
u (J) xonaomyk ofnofnyk poakuuk knuonfa.
Komhononfw hpouonypw u mopw, hponhpunumaomwo hcuxofopahon-
fom, hponcfannonw n fom hpofokono n cnonykmom hopnnko:
i) ohponononuo hopnonananinoio fpanmafunockoio nochomunanun;
2) nauonoo nonannuu (unu nauonoo xapakfopnwu) hpumop nwnom-
nou cufyauuu, nwswnakmou ochokoucfno knuonfa;
J) xonafoninan mouuonaninan u honononnockan poakuun.
o ncox cnynanx nnn ouonku qqokfunnocfu nononun cnyxaf sahucu
n nnonnuko knuonfa, fak kak n nux ofmonakfcn nkwo nunw ochokou-
cfna, nosnukakmuo na hpofnxonuu cnonykmux nockonikux nononi,
koina knuonf cfankunaofcn n poaninou xusnu c cufyauunm, hononw-
mu hopnunnomy fpanmafunockomy cowfuk. Ownno nco fu cufyauuu
cnonyof ho mopo nosmoxnocfu honnopiafi hopopaofko.
Hpu1ukun nu ncannnx 1panva1n4ccknx cuu1n
Ipu nononuu onimuncfna fpanm cfannapfnwu hpofokon hponnaia-
of cqokycuponaficn na camom fpanmafunockom nochomunanuu. Ofo
nocfuiaofcn hyfom unonfuqukauuu knuonfom kapfunw, hponcfannnkmou
2O
nco cowfuo unu ofnoninou, nauonoo fpanmupykmou oio nacfu. Hspa-
nuo hponmofom nosnoucfnun fakoio ofnoninoio momonfa fpanmafunockoio
cowfun ownno hpunonuf k hopopaofko ncoio nochomunanun, koina
nokofopwo oio achokfw ynyf nchnwnafi n cosnanuu, unu ho mopo us-
mononun knknonwx kapfun. 1akum opasom, qqokf hopopaofku hon-
nopiaofcn ionopanusauuu u hoponocufcn na nco nochomunanuo.
i8 iony, nopos nockoniko nononi hocno somnofpnconun n Can-
panuucko, koina sa hcuxofopahonfunockou homomik opamanuci
mnoiuo nknu, n onapyxuna, nfo unoina wnaof nooxonum unou hon-
xon. wncnunoci, nfo cocponofononuo na onnou foniko nacfu nocho-
munanun no okaswnaof nosnoucfnun na npyiuo oio nacfu. Hahpumop,
knuonf hopopaofan nauonoo fpanmafunockyk nacfi nochomunanun:
koina snanuo pyxnyno, on okasancn hoipoonnwm hon onomkamu, no
no cfan nyncfnonafi con nynmo hpu nochomunanuu o npyiux momonfax
cowfun. osnukaof nhonafnonuo, nfo hpu hopopaofko unqopmauuu
okasanoci nonocfafonno npomonu nnn oonunonun nochomunanun n
onunoo uonoo. Ofo nocima unfopocnoo nnnonuo, hponunakmoo cnof na
hpupony hpouocca akfunauuu nochomunanun u oio qusuonoiunockuo
moxanusmw.
Ionnfno, nfo nochomunanuo o nonannom fpanmafunockom cowfuu
nocfuino nokofopou cfohonu onuncfna, pas knuonf cmoi nafi omoo
ohucanuo cnooio hopoxunanun, no ohponononnwu hpunuuhuanino nax-
nwu ypononi unfoipauuu ofnoninwx achokfon nochomunanun no wn
nocfuinyf. Ha ocnono hponononnwx nanknonuu n hponhonoxuna, nfo
npomn, nooxonumoo nnn fakou unfoipauuu, cocfannnof n cponnom of
nnyx no fpox mocnuon. bynymuo uccnononanun cmoiyf fonnoo ohpononufi
fof hopuon. Knuonfy cnonyof oncnufi, nfo unfoipauun nonannoio
fpanmafunockoio nochomunanun n onunoo uonoo sanopmaofcn, koina nnn
ychomnocfu nononun fpoyofcn hpumononuo numi cfannapfnou hpouo-
nypw us onunnanuafu cfanuu, a no onoo pacmuponnou qopmw chouu-
aninoio hpofokona, cocfonmoio us cnonykmux fahon:
i) honynonuo hocnononafoninou ucfopuu fpanmafunockoio cowfun;
2) uspanuo (hpu nooxonumocfu) hponmofom nosnoucfnun nauo-
noo ochokonmux achokfon nochomunanun;
J) hopopaofka ocfaninwx momonfon hocnononafoninou ucfopuu
fpanmafunockoio cowfun n ux xpononoiunockom hopnnko;
4) nusyanusauun knuonfom (c sakpwfwmu inasamu) ncou hocnono-
nafoninocfu cowfuu u ux hopopaofka ho mopo nosnuknononun ocho-
koucfna. Ionfoponuo fou hpouonypw no fox hop, hoka knuonf no cmo-
xof nusyanusuponafi nck hocnononafoninocfi cowfuu os nosnukno-
nonun nucfpocca;
2i
5) nusyanusauun knuonfom ncoio cowfun c ofkpwfwmu inasamu u
uncfannnuun honoxufoninoio camohponcfannonun;
6) sanopmonuo hpouonypw u hponononuo ckanuponanun fona;
?) hopopaofka (hpu nooxonumocfu) cymocfnykmux n nacfonmoo
npomn pasnpaxufonou.
Ipu paofo c nonannumu nochomunanunmu hcuxofopahonf hponna-
iaof knuonfy ohucafi fpanmafunockoo cowfuo n hocnononafoninou qop-
mo. Io mopo foio kak knuonf hopockaswnaof cnok ucfopuk, hcuxofo-
pahonfy cnonyof ofmonafi nco achokfw cowfun (H ouohonona, ycnwman,
nfo honka hanaof, u ynunon, kak hocwhanuci c noo knuiu...). Kaxnoo
ux fakux hopoxunanuu nonxno honnopiaficn coofnofcfnykmou hopopa-
ofko kak ofnoninwu hponmof nosnoucfnun, k kofopomy hpumonnofcn
cfannapfnan hpouonypa II, nknknakman uncfannnuuk camohpon-
cfannonuu nnn kaxnoio qpaimonfa nochomunanun. Onnako ckanupo-
nanuo fona no nonxno nwhonnnficn no fox hop, hoka no ynof honnop-
inyf hopopaofko hocnonnuu qpaimonf nochomunanun u no ynof
hpononona paofa co ncomu hponmofamu nosnoucfnun, foniko hocno
foio moxno oxunafi ucnosnononun cnnsannwx c fpanmafunockum noc-
homunanuom ocfafonnwx qopm fonocnou nahpnxonnocfu.
Knuonfy hponnaiaofcn unonfuquuuponafi nacfi nochomunanun, nw-
swnakmyk nauonoo cuninoo ochokoucfno u hpohnfcfnykmyk uspa-
nuk hponmofom nosnoucfnun kakou-nuo unou nacfu cowfun. Ofo
moxof hpoucxonufi n fom cnynao, koina knuonf hopoxunaof yfpafy nus-
koio u nkumoio nononoka, yfonynmoio no npomn nanonnonun unu ho-
iumoio hpu somnofpnconuu, unu xo koina xopfna usnacunonanun nu-
nuf hopon coou hucfonof. hopnyk onoponi hopopaofko honnopiaofcn
nauonoo fpanmafunockan nacfi nochomunanun. cnu knuonf no moxof
nwnonufi fakyk nacfi, fo hponmofom nosnoucfnun nooxonumo uspafi
fo achokfw nochomunanun, kofopwo hponnunuci hopnwmu. 1ak kak
nauonoo fuhunnou poakuuou na nonannkk fpanmy nnnnofcn cfpax,
knuonfy moxof wfi hponnoxono ofpuuafoninoo camohponcfannonuo H
n ohacnocfu u honoxufoninoo camohponcfannonuo co hosanu, cou-
nac n n honnou osohacnocfu. cfocfnonno, hcuxofopahonfy cnonyof
hponnaiafi ux n fakou qopmo, kofopan ocfannnna w nnn knuonfa nos-
moxnocfi nwopa unoio, onoo honxonnmoio nnn noio hponcfannonun.
Koina knuonf cocponofonunaofcn na hponnunmoucn n hopnyk onoponi
(unu na camou fpanmafunockou) nacfu nochomunanun, hcuxofopahonf
uchonisyof cfannapfnyk hpouonypy II, hpononn nnn knuonfa un-
cfannnuuk honoxufoninoio camohponcfannonun.
Iocno foio kak hcuxofopahonfunockomy nosnoucfnuk wnu honnop-
inyfw nco achokfw nochomunanun, o kofopwx cooman knuonf, omy
hponnaiaofcn sakpwfi inasa u nusyanusuponafi fpanmafunockoo cowfuo
22
fak xo, kak mw hpocmafpunaom nunooqunim. Ho cnonyof cmomunafi
fakou honxon c iuhnofunockumu foxnukamu, hponnasnanonnwmu nnn
nucfanuuponanun of noiafunnwx mouuu, fu foxnuku moxno cpan-
nufi c kunoqunimom, hpoouupyomwm na kpan, pachonoxonnwu noc-
fafonno nanoko of spufonn. Iopopaofka hponmofa nosnoucfnun hpon-
honaiaof, nfo knuonf hponnuf nco accouuauuu, cnnsannwo c fpanma-
funockum mafopuanom. nn foio omy cnonyof nochpousnocfu n ymo
hocnononafoninocfi cowfuu, kak ynfo hpoucxonuf hpocmofp nunoo-
sahucu, hoka no hponnufcn mouuonaninan poakuun na cowfuo u ha-
uuonf cmoxof ho cnoomy xonanuk ocfanonufi fakou hpocmofp. Mox-
no pokomonnonafi hpononufi paofy c nusyanusauunmu hpu sakpwfwx
inasax, fak kak nnn onimuncfna knuonfon fo ynonoo. Knuonfy onc-
nnkf, nfo on moxof n nkoo npomn hpopnafi mouuonaninoo, comafu-
nockoo unu koinufunnoo ochokoucfno, nosnukakmoo hpu fakom noc-
hpousnononuu nunoosahucu, hpocfo ofkpwn inasa u pacckasan o cnoux
hopoxunanunx hcuxofopahonfy. K fou nacfu nochomunanun hpumonn-
ofcn hpouonypa II, nknknakman uncfannnuuk honoxufoninoio u
ofpuuafoninoio camohponcfannonuu.
Hof nunoio noownnoio n fom, nfo nokofopwo achokfw fpanmafu-
nockoio nochomunanun panoo no nchnwnanu na honopxnocfi. Opasno
nwpaxanci, hopnwu fah hopopaofku nwpannunaof iopnwo huku
nauonoo hponnnonnwo nacfu fpanmafunockoio nochomunanun, hocno
noio knuonfy noino ynunofi no cfoni nwcokuo xonmw.
Iocno hopopaofku ncox ofnocufonino nosnanufoninwx hponnnonuu
ochokoucfna knuonfy hponnaiaofcn omo pas nochpousnocfu nunoosa-
huci c sakpwfwmu inasamu. Ipu nosnuknononuu nonwx achokfon fpan-
mafunockoio nochomunanun onu nonxnw honnopiaficn hopopaofko.
cnu nonwx hponnnonuu ochokoucfna no nanknaofcn, knuonfy
hponnaiakf nochpousnocfu nunoosahuci c ofkpwfwmu inasamu, ynop-
xunan n cosnanuu honoxufoninoo camohponcfannonuo, n fo npomn kak
hcuxofopahonf hpononuf nocfafonno nnufoninyk copuk nnuxonuu inas.
Knuonfy nooxonumo fmafonino hpocmofpofi nunoosahuci fpanmafu-
nockoio cowfun, naxo ocnu opasw ynyf no ononi ofnofnunwmu, u
honafi cuinan Cfoh hpu sanopmonuu hpocmofpa. Iocno foio mox-
no nanunafi ckanuponanuo fona. Ipu paofo c ofnoninwmu nochomu-
nanunmu hcuxofopahonf nonxon wfi iofon k paofo c nkwmu nwnom-
numu pasnpaxufonnmu, yhomnnyfwmu knuonfom u nwswnakmumu y noio
uchyi (nahpumop, snyk hpoosxakmoio mumo ipysonuka), a fakxo c
nonnwmu kommapamu u npyiumu momonfamu, nahomunakmumu o fpan-
mafunockom cowfuu (nahpumop, fpomuna na fpofyapo, nahomunak-
man o somnofpnconuu), nfo coxpannof y knuonfa nwcokuu ypononi oc-
hokoucfna. cnu hponycmofponnwo hpofokonom noucfnun nwhonnnkfcn
noiko, fo hopopaofka moxof wfi sanopmona na hpofnxonuu no onoo
2J
fpox coancon, fak kak nco oo fahw hpoxonnf ononi wcfpo. Onnako no
cnonyof cosnanafi nnn knuonfa npomonnwo oipanunonun, fak kak oio
poakuuu nohonfopumw u conopmonno nohponckasyomw. Ocoonnyk
iukocfi cnonyof hponnnnfi n ofnomonuu npomonu, nooxonumoio nnn
sanopmonun hcuxofopahuu, hockoniky mw no moxom sapanoo ysnafi,
c kakum umonno hpomnwm mafopuanom cnnsan unonfuquuuponannwu
hponmof nosnoucfnun. nn knuonfon, nin nunnan ucfopun conopxuf no-
paspomonnwo cowfun, cnnsannwo c nonocfafkom osohacnocfu u ca-
mokonfponn, moxof hofpoonaficn onoo nnufoninoo nononuo. Y no-
kofopwx xopfn cfuxuunwx oncfnuu no npomn hpouocca hopopaofku
nosnukakf nochomunanun o nocfafonno nannux cnynanx qusunockoio
nuo cokcyaninoio nacunun, u n fakux cnynanx nooxonumo coomafi
um o nosmoxnou nnufoninocfu kypca hcuxofopahuu. Kpomo foio, cno-
nyof oochonufi osohacnocfi knuonfa, naxo ocnu nosnukaof nhonafno-
nuo, nfo oio xanow cnnsanw numi c nonannou fpanmou. annwu hpo-
fokon ownno hpumonum k cowfunm nannocfik of nnyx no fpox
mocnuon. cnu xo hocno cowfun hpomno onoo fpox mocnuon, hcuxo-
fopahonfy cnonyof nnanano uchonisonafi hpofokon nnn paofw c ofnoni-
nwm fpanmafunockum cowfuom.
Hpu1ukun nu gun
Mnoium knuonfam, hopoxunmum fpanmy, cnoucfnonnw qouu,
fpoykmuo ofnoninoio nononun. Y nokofopwx hopnonananino uchwfan-
nwu cfpax hpunumaof fpanmafunockuo macmfaw. Komo foio, honnop-
xonnwo qounm knuonfw moiyf nohonnufonino fpanmuponaficn camou
onsnik cfpaxa (hocfonnno hpucyfcfnykmuu cfpax ncfponu c hyia-
kmum ookfom, nahpumop, coakou). Mnoiuo us knuonfon opianu-
sonanu nck cnok xusni na ocnono usoianun nwswnakmux cfpax ook-
fon unu cowfuu. Iofomy naxno, nfow hcuxofopahonf hpononun
coofnofcfnykmyk paofy, nfow homoni fakum knuonfam honnocfik
ycnoufi nonwo u xonafoninwo nnn nux qopmw cnoonnoio of cfpaxa ho-
nononun. nn ynocfna hpu uchonisonanuu foxnuku II qouu mo-
iyf wfi pasnononw na nna knacca hpocfwo u hpouoccyaninwo. Ipo-
cfwo qouu moxno ohucafi kak onsni foio unu unoio ookfa
(nahpumop, hayka), cymocfnykmyk nno sanucumocfu of noucfnuu knu-
onfa. Ipouoccyaninwo qouu fo cfpax hopon cufyauuou, n kofopou
knuonf nonxon hpunumafi akfunnoo ynacfuo. Hahpumop, cfpax hopon
honofamu na camonofo cnnsan c akfunnwmu noucfnunmu knuonfa nfow
okasaficn n fakou cufyauuu, nooxonumo kyhufi unof, hpuoxafi n apo-
hopf u cocfi n camonof. Iofomy hpu hopopaofko hpocfwx qouu knu-
onfy cnonyof opamaficn ko ncom ofnocnmumcn k nony achokfam qouu,
nknknan hpunnfuo pomonun u oxunanuo nosnuknononun fponoiu.
24
Hpocmme qobuu
nn nononun hpocfwx qouu (fakux, kak onsni haykon unu smou)
hponnaiaofcn cnonykmuu hpofokon.
i. Haynuficn hpouonypam camokonfponn, nfow chpanuficn c o-
nsnik cfpaxa.
2. Iopopaofafi cnonykmuo uonu nosnoucfnun:
nkwo nohonnufoninwo cowfun, cnnsannwo c qouou;
nochomunanuo o momonfo, koina cfpax wn uchwfan n hopnwu pas;
nauonoo ochokonmuo hopoxunanun;
camwo nonannuo cowfun, koina ofmonanuci fakuo hopoxunanun;
nkwo cnnsannwo c fum nwnomnuo pasnpaxufonu;
qusunockuo omymonun unu npyiuo hponnnonun cfpaxa, n fom nucno
ynamonnoo nwxanuo.
J. Hnkophopuponanuo honoxufoninoio hpumopa nnn ynymux nou-
cfnuu, cnoonnwx of nyncfna cfpaxa.
Hpoeccyuaonme qobuu
Ipofokon nnn nononun hpouoccyaninwx qouu (nahpumop, cfpax
nofafi na camonofo unu onsni hynunnwx nwcfyhnonuu) moxof noan-
nnfi k hpofokony nnn nononun hpocfwx qouu cnonykmuo fahw.
i. Ionhucanuo konfpakfa c onsafonicfnom nwhonnufi nwswnak-
moo cfpax noucfnuo.
2. ochpousnononuo n ymo nunoosahucu ncou hocnononafoninocfu
hpouocca hopopaofku u nosnukakmux hpu fom hponnnonuu ochokou-
cfna.
J. Iponononuo hopopaofku nonwx uonou nosnoucfnun, hponnunmux-
cn moxny coancamu.
Ipu paofo co cfpanakmumu qounmu knuonfamu ocoonno naxno
uchonisonafi foxnuku camokonfponn. Mnoium qounm hpucyma onsni
cfpaxa, u nokofopwo knuonfw cfoni nonio usoiakf poaninwx nou-
cfnuu, nwswnakmux cfpax, nfo yxo no snakf, noucfnufonino nu fu
noucfnun counac ynyf nwswnafi y nux cfpax. fom cnynao knuonf
oufcn camoio cfpaxa. Xofn fakoo ofnomonuo unoina wnaof nocima
ynonwm, ono nukoina no hosnonuf anoknafno chpanuficn c nyncfnom
cfpaxa. nn opamonun k hopopaofko fou hponomw hcuxofopahonfy
cnonyof oynufi knuonfa foxnukam camokonfponn. Hokofopwo foxnuku
25
ynyf ohucanw n fou inano. Knuonfy nnanano cnonyof hpumonnfi ux n
kaunofo hcuxofopahonfa u hocfapaficn ocnoufi nacfoniko, nfow ca-
mocfonfonino chpannnficn c hponnnonunmu fponoxnocfu u cfpaxa.
nn unonfuqukauuu omymonuu n fono, cohponoxnakmux ofpuua-
foninoo camohponcfannonuo H nahyian, onimuncfno knuonfon nyx-
nakfcn n chouuaninom oynonuu. Koina knuonf hpunaof cnumkom oni-
moo snanonuo omymonunm n fono, fo moxof wfi nnn noio nocima
fniocfnwm. cnu xo on cmoxof honnfi, nfo qusunockuo omymonun,
cnnsannwo c nyncfnom cfpaxa, nnnnkfcn ncoio numi omymonunmu n
xonynko unu n ipynu, fo cymoof hpousnonino usmonufi ux, hpunoxun
nocfafonnwo ycunun. Choconocfi unonfuquuuponafi omymonun n fono
u nochpunumafi con kak nonfo sanonomo onimoo, nom uchwfwnaomwu
cfpax, homoxof knuonfy koinufunno nucfanuuponafi con of nyncfna
cfpaxa u konfponuponafi oio honnnonuo.
Xofn hpofokonw nnn paofw co cnynanmu hpocfwx u hpouoccyani-
nwx qouu nocnoxnw, hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo fmafonino uccno-
nonafi ucfopuk knuonfa c uonik unonfuqukauuu nkwx nosmoxnwx
ponfnwx ycfanonok. Ipunonom hpumop. Onna us knuonfok coomuna,
nfo oufcn smou, u cnufaof fo nauonoo akfyaninou xanoou. Onna-
ko hofom nwncnunoci, nfo na camom nono cymocfnyof uonwu pnn qak-
fopon, cosnakmux fy qouk, n fom nucno hponnnonun oipanunonno-
cfu, nonocfafonnan cfohoni camoyfnopxnonun u nuskan camoouonka.
Ananus cyhpyxockux ofnomonuu knuonfku hokasan, nfo myx ncoina
uipan nomunupykmyk poni u n onimuncfno cnynaon ohpononnn xon oo
xusnu. Kpomo foio, myx wn qanafunnwm hpunopxonuom ofnwxa na
hpupono, a cfpax knuonfku hopon smonmu nwnyxnan oo ocfanaficn noma
kaxnwu pas, koina myx yxonun na nonnwo hpoiynku. Iononwo xo
qakfopw moiyf hponnuficn no npomn hopopaofku qouu, hpu kofopwx
xona oufcn honofon na camonofo, u myx nkufoni hyfomocfnuu
no moxof nacfaunafi, nfow ona cohponoxnana oio. Ionnfno, nfo no
ohponononun nosmoxnwx ponfnwx ycfanonok nonisn hpucfyhafi k nono-
nuk qouu.
Kak u hpu npyiux qopmax nononun, knuonfa nooxonumo sanopufi,
nfo na noio nukfo no ynof okaswnafi nannonuo, sacfannnn cnononafi
fom unu unwm omohpunnfwm cfannapfam. Knuonfy nooxonumo ho-
nnfi, nfo ofkas of cfpaxa no osnanaof, nfo omy nooxonumo nanunafi
ynacfnonafi n kakou-nuo chouuqunockou nonfoninocfu ocnooxno-
nuo of cfpaxa hopon smonmu no hponhonaiaof, nfo knuonfka nonxna cfafi
hoknonnuuou ofnwxa na hpupono, a hpoonononuo cfpaxa hopon camo-
nofamu nfo ou nohpomonno cnonyof sannficn hpwxkamu c hapamk-
fom. Cfpanakmomy qouou knuonfy cnonyof oncnufi, nfo hpano
nwopa ncoina ocfaofcn sa num u nfo on no nonxon kak-fo ohpannwnafi
cnou hocfyhku unu sacfannnfi con nwhonnnfi fo unu unwo noucfnun.
26
o ncox cnynanx nooxonumo uccnononafi hpouocc nosnuknononun
cfpaxa, fak kak on moxof ocnonwnaficn na cowfuu, no umokmom
nunoio omoio c coionnnmnumu hponnnonunmu qouu. Hahpumop,
onna us knuonfok xanonanaci na onsni yhpannnfi anfomounom. Kax-
nwu pas, koina ou hpuxonunoci fo nonafi u cfankunaficn c pasnunnw-
mu nohponnunonnwmu cufyauunmu, ona uchwfwnana hpucfyhw hanu-
ku. Ipu usynonuu ucfopuu onosnu nwncnunoci, nfo, hopon fom kak
y noo n hopnwu pas honnuncn fof cfpax, ona osnuna n npohy ho hpo-
ipammo omona cfynonfon. fo npomn ona wna naunna u opanona-
naci, koina hpunfoni hpuinacun oo na nonopunky. whun hynm, ona
honyncfnonana con nosnoponou u nopnynaci nomou, ino y noo nananuci
iannkuunauuu. unumo, kfo-fo honmoman n hynm C. bonci ocfa-
naficn onna u nyncfnyn, nfo conopmonno no konfponupyof cnoo hono-
nonuo, knuonfka hopoxuna yxacnyk noni, hoka iannkuunauuu no
hpokpafunuci. Hopos nokofopoo npomn, cunn sa pynom, ona hopoxuna
fakoo xo nyncfno yfpafw konfponn, okasanmuci na ipanu anapuu u uc-
hwfan hpucfyh hanuku. 3afom cocfonnuo hanuku cnnsanoci co ncnkum
nyncfnom yfpafw konfponn, naxo ocnu ocnanonuo konfponn wno no-
snanufoninwm. Ononunno, nfo n fakom cnynao hopon nananom hopopa-
ofku qounockou poakuuu hcuxofopahonfy cnonyof opafuficn k noc-
homunanunm o yxaco, uchwfannom hpu hpuomo C.
Iocno hopopaofku ncox cowfuu, hponmocfnonanmux nosnuknono-
nuk qouu, nooxonumo wno hponocfu honnwu kypc II-hcuxo-
fopahuu c kaxnwm us fpanmafunockux cowfuu, nknknan cfanuu un-
cfannnuuu u ckanuponanun fona. hopnyk onoponi nooxonumo hopo-
paofafi nauonoo pannuo nochomunanun, fak kak hponhonaiaofcn, nfo
umonno onu nknknanu n con pasnpaxufonu, ofnofcfnonnwo sa nosnuk-
nononuo cfpaxa. 3afom cnononano hopopaofafi nauonoo hyiakmuo un-
uunonfw, nknknakmuo n con pasnpaxufonu, oocfpnkmuo cfpax. Ioc-
no foio nooxonumo honnopinyfi hopopaofko camoo nonannoo nocho-
munanuo, cnnsannoo c pasnpaxufonnmu, akfunusuponanmumucn ncnon-
cfnuo nfopunnoio oycnonnunanun. Ofnonino nooxonumo hopopaofafi
nohonnufoninwo pasnpaxufonu, fak kak moi cymocfnonafi uonwu pnn
no sanucnmux npyi of npyia cufyauuu, nwswnanmux y knuonfku nyncfno
cfpaxa. Hahpumop, onun us knuonfon uchwfwnan cfpax, ocnu omy ca-
momy nooxonumo wno conopmufi honof, npyiou koina n camonof ca-
nunuci nnonw oio comiu, a fpofuu onncn no foniko ncox hoponucnon-
nwx cufyauuu, no uchwfwnan hpucfyh cfpaxa hpu onnom foniko snyko
nofnmoio camonofa. co fu nwswnakmuo ochokoucfno qakfopw non-
xnw wfi hopopaofanw no foio, kak hwfaficn hponnaiafi knuonfy ka-
kuo-nuo honoxufoninwo hpumopw ynymux noucfnuu. nn qouu
omoio xapakfopa nahpumop, n cnynao knaycfpoqouu hopopaof-
ko nonxon honnopiaficn nauonoo xapakfopnwu cnynau kaxnou us nw-
2?
swnakmux ochokoucfno cufyauuu (honom n nuqfo, safop n ynunnom
nnuxonuu u f.h.).
cnu cumhfomw cfpaxa, n fom nucno ynamonnoo nwxanuo, nosnu-
kakf no npomn hcuxofopahonfunockoio coanca, cnonyof hopopaofafi fu
qusunockuo omymonun c homomik nnuxonuu inas. Ipu nosnuknono-
nuu cfpaxa hcuxofopahonf nonxon chokounwm ionocom opafuficn k
knuonfy, oonpnn oio cnonamu: Ipocfo ofmonaufo nosnukakmuo y nac
nyncfna, no hwfanci honnunfi na nux. Ipononxonuo nnuxonuu inas
no npomn nosnuknononun cfpaxa, n fom nucno n cnynao honnomacmfa-
noio hpucfyha hanuku, moxof pacconfi ochokonmuo mouuu u homoni
hopopaofafi onsni cfpaxa. Iocno foio kak cfpax ocnaoof, hcuxo-
fopahonfy nooxonumo oynufi knuonfa foxnukam camokonfponn, n fom
nucno yhpaxnonuk ho cosnanuk opasa osohacnoio mocfa. Ofo nacf
knuonfy nosmoxnocfi chpannnficn c nkwmu hponnnonunmu cfpaxa.
Ipu paofo c hpocfwmu qounmu honoxufoninwu hpumop ycnauna-
ofcn c homomik ofnoninoio opasa nahpumop, knuonfy moxno hpon-
noxufi hponcfanufi, nfo nosno noio naxonufcn smon, no on paccna-
non u chokoon. 1akou opas honnopiaofcn hopopaofko no fox hop, hoka
ouonka ho Hkano cyokfunnwx onunuu ochokoucfna no nocfuinof
mocfu unu comu annon. Hacfo ypononi ochokoucfna ocfanannunaofcn
na mocfu annax, fak kak nnn naninoumoio cnuxonun ochokoucfna
knuonfy nooxonumo nohocponcfnonno ncfpofuficn c hyiakmum ook-
fom u yonuficn, nfo on yxo no nwswnaof cfpax. nkom cnynao knu-
onfy nooxonumo hpononxafi nocfu sahucu n nnonnuko, ofmonan nk-
wo ofpuuafoninwo poakuuu, kofopwo n naninoumom ynyf uchoniso-
nanw kak uonu nosnoucfnun. Y cfpanakmux knaycfpoqouou knuonfon
honoxufoninwu hpumop nonxon wfi uncfannuponan nnn kaxnoio qak-
fopa, nwswnakmoio cfpax.
Ipu paofo c hpouoccyaninwmu qounmu nooxonumo opafuficn
k fponoxnwm hponnyncfnunm, a fakxo k nkwm npyium qakfopam,
nonakmum cfpax cnoncfnuom nfopunnoio oycnonnunanun. Hahpumop,
ocnu knuonf, onmuucn honofa na camonofo, chocoon chokouno hpon-
cfanufi con cannmumcn n camonof, c num cnonyof saknknufi chouu-
aninwu konfpakf, coinacno kofopomy on onsyofcn n fononuo mocnua
nochonisonaficn camonofom. 3afom knuonfy hponnaiakf sakpwfi inasa
u hponcfanufi coo nunoosahuci ncox nosmoxnwx cowfuu moxny nan-
nwm hcuxofopahonfunockum coancom u ychomnwm honofom na camono-
fo. Kaxnoo us ochokonmux cowfuu no npomn foio noopaxaomoio
hpouocca (nwop mocfa nasnanonun, snonok n anuakomhanuk u sakas
unofa, copw, hoosnka n apohopf u f.h.) hopopaafwnaofcn kak of-
noninan uoni. Ofo honfopnofcn no fox hop, hoka ncn nunoosahuci
cowfun no ynof nochpousnonuficn os cfpaxa. Knuonfy cnonyof co-
omafi o nkwx qopmax fponoxnocfu, nosnukakmux hpu nwhonnonuu
28
coinamonun, uchonisonafi foxnuku camokonfponn u poiynnpno nocfu
sahucu n nnonnuko, ofmonan kaxnwu fpanmupykmuu pasnpaxufoni u
cnou poakuuu na noio, nco fo ynof uchonisonano n naninoumom nnn
hopopaofku. Icuxofopahonfy nooxonumo homoni knuonfy ynunofi cnou
cfpax kak hponnnonuo ownnou opafnou cnnsu, a nonco no kak hpu-
snak noynanu. axno honnopknyfi, nfo na hpofnxonuu hocnonykmux
nononi moiyf hponnnnficn nokofopwo nunw cfpaxa u nfo nco fu momonfw
nooxonumo ofmonafi nnn naninoumou hopopaofku. Ofo cnusuf ypo-
noni oxunanuu knuonfa ho ofnomonuk k nosmoxnwm posynifafam no-
nonun, nfow nosmoxnwo hponnnonun cfpaxa no nwsnanu y noio samo-
mafonicfna. Iauuonfy, cfankunakmomycn c nwswnakmumu cfpax
cufyauunmu, nynmo nochpunumafi ux no hpocfo kak hpohnfcfnuo na hyfu
k ychomnomy paspomonuk, a kak onoponnoo hpuknknonuo n hpouocco
camouccnononanun.
cnu II ynof hpumonnficn k hopnonananinomy fpanmafunocko-
my cowfuk, nwswnakmomy cfpax, fo qounockan poakuun moxof uc-
nosnyfi honnocfik. Onnako u n fom cnynao cnonyof hpumonnfi hon-
nwu hpofokon nononun nnn hponofnpamonun qouu n ynymom. cnu
xo qounockan poakuun nosnukaof no npomn pomuccuu, fo k nohonnu-
foninwm hponmofam nosnoucfnun noiko moxno opafuficn na hocnony-
kmux coancax.
Hpu1ukun nu cny4au uc1puru rupu
Yfpafa nkumoio nononoka nocima fpanmupykmoo hopoxunanuo.
Ipu fom cfpananuo moxof wfi nocima unfoncunnwm u hpononxaficn
nocfafonno nnufoninoo npomn. Ipu nopmaninwx ocfonfonicfnax ocf-
pofa iopn ownno co npomonom ocnaonaof. Onnako hpouocc noccfanon-
nonun pannonocun moxof safopmosuficn unu hpuocfanonufcn, nfo hpu-
nonuf k coxpanonuk nwcokou cfohonu cfpananun, k camoonunonunm
u ofcyfcfnuk kakoio-nuo ynynmonun. Hchonisonanuo II nnn pas-
pomonun fux hponom moxof nwswnafi comnonun y hcuxofopahonfa,
usnananino cnufakmoio, nfo fakoo kpafkonpomonnoo nosnoucfnuo n
hpunuuho no moxof nafi knuonfy nocfafonno npomonu nnn usnononun
of ocfpoio iopn. Onnako, kak mw yxo ofmonanu, II no ycfpannof
u no ocnannof snoponwo anoknafnwo mouuu, n fom nucno u nyncfno
iopn, no hosnonnof hopoxufi knuonfy iopo c onimou ypannonomon-
nocfik u nyncfnom nnyfponnoio hokon.
Y hauuonfon, cfpanakmux of ocfpoio iopn, hopopaofky cnonyof
hpononufi n cnonykmom hopnnko:
2
i) hopopaofafi nochomunanun o noucfnufoninwx cowfunx, n fom
nucno o cfpananunx unu cmopfu nkumoio nononoka;
2) hopopaofafi nannsnunwo opasw;
J) hopopaofafi nonnwo kommapw;
4) hopopaofafi nwnomnuo qakfopw, nwswnakmuo ochokoucfno;
5) hopopaofafi hponomw nunnou ofnofcfnonnocfu, cocfnonnou
cmopfnocfu unu hpoxnux nopaspomonnwx fpanm, cnnsannwx c yfpafou.
Ipofokon nnn cnynaon ocfpoio iopn n uonom honoon cfannapfnomy
hpofokony II. Mnoiuo knuonfw coomanu, nfo nyncfna iopn, nunw
u honanu, cnnsannwo c nannsnunwmu nochomunanunmu, cnonunonun-
mu u qanfasunmu, ofnocnmumucn k opasy nkumoio nononoka, no-
kupykf nocfyh k hpunfnwm nochomunanunm u accouuauunm (cm. inany
2, pasnon Oipanunonnwu nocfyh k noiafunnomy mafopuany). Ofu
ofpuuafoninwo opasw nonxnw wfi uspanw hponmofom nosnoucfnun
u hpoufu coofnofcfnykmyk hopopaofky.
2onmuna, noni kofopou hokonnuna c coou n hcuxuafpunockou
oninuuo, onunnna con sa cnynunmoocn. kwo nahomunanun o no-
nopu nwswnanu mwcnu o oo cfpananunx no npomn nymonnou onosnu,
nyncfno nunw u cocfnonnoio occunun. Iocno hopopaofku ofpuua-
foninwx opason cnona hcuxofopahonfa ymaufo o nonopu cfanu nw-
swnafi numi kapfunw osmnfoxnwx nofckux uip u sannfuu anofom.
Ipunonom npyiou hpumop. noo honpocfkon, ofou kofopwx hokonnun
c coou, pacckaswnanu hcuxofopahonfy, nfo no moiyf nchomnufi nu-
kakux ofpuuafoninwx opason, cnnsannwx c ofuom. Koina hcuxofopa-
honf hponnoxun um nymafi o ofuo, onu pacckaswnanu numi o kapfuno
oio cmopfu (fo wnu qanfasuu, fak kak n noucfnufoninocfu onu no
hpucyfcfnonanu hpu cmopfu ofua) u o fom, kak onu cunnf, nahunmuci,
hopon fononusopom (nfo noucfnufonino no pas honfopnnoci na hpofnxo-
nuu nockonikux mocnuon nakanyno cmopfu ofua). Koina fu opasw wnu
hopopaofanw, na cmony um hpumnu honoxufoninwo nochomunanun o
conmocfnwx hoosnkax na pwanky. 1ak uchonisonanuo II hosnonn-
of knuonfy hopoxufi hopuon ocfpoio iopn os nposmopnwx cfpananuu.
Hacfo uspanuo hponmofom nosnoucfnun oochokoonnocfu cnoou
osohacnocfik, nosnukakmou us-sa nwcokou ofnofcfnonnocfu, wna-
of nposnwnauno naxnwm momonfom hpu hcuxofopahuu ocfpoio iopn
(SoIomon & ShapIro). Iockoniky fu qakfopw ownno ckpwfw, hopo-
xunanun cuninou focku u mouuonaninou onu moiyf unoina hponn-
nnficn foniko no npomn camoio hpouocca hopopaofku. Iofomy nax-
no, nfow hcuxofopahonf ynaxufonino u saofnuno ofnocuncn k
knuonfy, hponnnnkmomy ckpwfwo no cux hop achokfw cnoux cfpananuu.
Ofpuuafoninan mouuonaninan poakuun hauuonfa moxof wfi posyni-
fafom nyncfna nunw, nwsnannoio nochomunanuom o fom, kak on posko
JOO
non con ho ofnomonuk k nkumomy nononoky unu nonocfafonno sao-
funcn o nom. co fu cnynau cnonyof usupafi hponmofom nosnoucfnun
nnn hocnonykmou ux hopopaofku.
Cfpananun knuonfa, nwsnannwo cmopfik nkumoio nononoka, mo-
iyf nohonnnficn akfunauuou nosanopmonnoio nyncfna mouuonaninou
yfpafw. 1akuo nyncfna cnonyof honnopiafi hopopaofko ho mopo ux nos-
nuknononun. Kpomo foio, hockoniky hponmofom nosnoucfnun usupa-
ofcn cufyauun cmopfu nuskoio nononoka, ocoyk naxnocfi hpuopo-
faof fmafoninoo nwncnonuo (nnn hpanuninoio ohponononun hponmofa
nosnoucfnun) nkwx qopm nucfpocca, nosnukakmux y knuonfa moxny
coancamu, n ocoonnocfu cnnsannwx c mwcnik o nosmoxnocfu sao-
nofi camomy unu o cmopfu npyiux nnonon comiu.
Ipumononuo II hosnonnof cfpanakmomy of iopn hpusnafi onos-
nonnwu qakf yfpafw u nchomnufi pasnunnwo momonfw conmocfnou
xusnu c nuskum nononokom, n fom nucno conmocfnwo honoxufoninwo
hopoxunanun, uchwfwnan ux n honnou mopo.
Hac no nonxon cmymafi fof qakf, nfo II no ycfpannof anoknaf-
nwo mouuu u no moxof samonufi coou hpouocc nunnocfnoio pocfa.
Ipu uchonisonanuu II hopoxunakmuu ocfpoo iopo knuonf ynof
ocfocfnonno, cnoucfnonnwm foniko omy opasom hpuxonufi k hpusna-
nuk qakfa yfpafw u nocfuxonuk honoxufoninoio paspomonun, noo-
xonumoio nnn noccfanonnonun nymonnoio pannonocun.
Iopopaofka unqopmauuu u hpouocc nwsnoponnonun hpononxakf-
cn u hocno coanca hcuxofopahuu. Iofomy hcuxofopahonf no nonxon
pomafi sa knuonfa, ckoni nonio fof uchwfwnan cfpananun hopon nana-
nom hpumononun II. Iockoniky hoka y nac nof foopofunockou
mononu, choconou fonno hponckasafi npomn, nooxonumoo nnn noc-
fuxonun honnoio nwsnoponnonun, u nof nosmoxnocfu n honnou mopo
ouonufi cfohoni uchwfwnaomwx knuonfom cfpananuu, hcuxofopahonf
nonxon wfi cnoonnwm n cnoom pomonuu hpumonnfi II nnn nan-
noio knuonfa. Ycfanonnonuo hpousnoninwx npomonnwx oipanunonuu,
oycnonnunakmux hpumononuo II nahpumop, II cnonyof
hpumonnfi foniko n fom cnynao, ocnu nw uchwfwnanu ocfpwo cfpana-
nun ho kpaunou mopo fpu mocnua (unu xo ion; nna iona), hpofuno-
ponuf camou unoo konoiunockou nanunnocfu hpouocca camoucuononun.
Ipunonom hpumop cnynan ocfpoio iopn xonmunw, y kofopou ymop
poonok. Iopon cmopfik ona cunona c num nck noni, noonnokpafno
snonn ho fonoqony npany u ymonnn honoxufi cwna n oninuuy. Ho npan
nacfaunan na fom, nfo poonky nynmo ocfanaficn noma. 2onmuna nop-
xana na pykax poonka, ykanunan oio, hoka u poonok, u ona cama no
ycnynu. Koina yfpom xonmuna hpocnynaci, hpuxuman poonka k ipy-
nu, fof wn mopfn. Hchwfwnan cuninwo cfpananun, ona opafunaci k
JOi
hcuxofopahonfy, paofakmomy c foxnukou II. Iocno O-munyfnoio
coanca knuonfka ckasana: Counac n moiy nyncfnonafi opas cwna n cnoom
copnuo, nchomunan fo npomn, koina mw wnu nnnoom. 1ohopi on n
npyiom mocfo u fam omy nynmo. 1akoo panukaninoo usannonuo of
cfpananun hocno nocima nohpononxufoninoio npomonu II-hcuxofo-
pahuu hpunonuf nac k nohpocy o fom, ckoni nonio hcuxofopahonfy
nooxonumo paofafi c knuonfom. H honaiak, ofnof hpocf pomafi
nonxon cam knuonf.
Hpu1ukun nu cny4acn cuva1n4ccknx napymcnn
1panmafunockan poakuun, nahpumop hocffpanmafunockuu cunnpom,
noiko nuainocfupyofcn y xopfn usnacunonanun unu y nuu, ynacfnonan-
mux n oonwx noucfnunx, onnako mnoiuo hcuxofopahonfw no ocosnakf,
nfo knuonf uchwfwnaof fakyk xo unu naxo onimyk hcuxonoiunockyk
fpanmy, koina n ponu nacuninuka okaswnaofcn oio cocfnonnoo fono.
osnukaof nu fakou hcuxonoiunockuu qqokf us-sa onou u ucfomo-
nun, cohyfcfnykmux xponunockum saononanunm, unu no npomn fakux
nnosahno honnnnkmuxcn onosnou, kak pak unu CIH, fu knuonfw
uchwfwnakf hcuxonoiunockyk fpanmy n nkom cnynao onu fpoykf
fakoio xo saofnunoio ofnomonun, kak xopfnw nacunun u nofopanw
nounw. oucfnufonino, no mnoiux cnynanx hcuxonoiunockuo u couu-
aninwo hocnoncfnun fpanmw, c kofopwmu hpuxonufcn paofafi hcuxo-
fopahonfy, okaswnakfcn cxonnwmu.
Ipofokon nnn hpumononun II hpu paofo c xponunockumu sa-
ononanunmu u npyiumu comafunockumu napymonunmu cocfouf us cno-
nykmux cfanuu.
i. Iaspaofafi hnan noucfnuu, ucxonn us poaninwx hofponocfou
knuonfa.
2. Hnonfuquuuponafi u hopopaofafi coofnofcfnykmuo nochomuna-
nun, nwnomnuo cufyauuu u cfpaxu hopon ynymum, cnnsannwo c:
hcuxonoiunockumu u qusunockumu xanoamu;
couuaninwmu hocnoncfnunmu;
ohwfom hponmocfnykmoio nononun.
J. Ipocmofpofi nunoosahuci cowfuu, noponfnwx n cnonykmuo
hnfi nof.
4. Hchonisonafi paofy c noopaxonuom, nahpumop, ho mononu,
hponnoxonnou cyhpyiamu Caumonfon, coonunnn oo c coofnofcfnykmou
koinufunnou honiofonkou.
5. Hnonfuquuuponafi honxonnmuo honoxufoninwo hponcfannonun.
6. Cnnsafi opas c honoxufoninwm hponcfannonuom.
JO2
?. afi knuonfy nomamnoo sananuo c fakumu hpouonypamu, kofo-
pwo moiyf wfi nwhonnonw camocfonfonino.
8. Hchonisonafi sahucu n nnonnuko u hpouonypw camohomomu.
Ofof hpofokon opuonfuponan na paofy kak c hcuxonoiunockumu,
fak u c qusunockumu qakfopamu, cnnsannwmu c comafunockum sao-
nonanuom knuonfa. Onnako hpumononuo nannoio hpofokona no samo-
nnof nooxonumoo monuuunckoo nononuo, a numi nohonnnof oio. Xofn
mw ynom ocyxnafi uchonisonanuo foio hpofokona, ionopn o oni-
nwx pakom, on hpumonum u k npyium hcuxonoiunockum (a fakxo, nos-
moxno, u qusunockum) xanoam, cnnsannwm c nkwmu saononanu-
nmu unu comafunockumu napymonunmu.
nn mnoiux knuonfon c comafunockumu xanoamu opamonuo k hcu-
xonoiunockum achokfam saononanun hpunonuf k nacfunnou unu naxo
honnou pomuccuu u ucnosnononuk cumhfomon. Ipu nanunuu hopnun-
nwx opianunockux napymonuu hcuxonoiunockan fpanmuponannocfi mo-
xof paccmafpunaficn kak qakfop, oocfpnkmuu u ycununakmuu fu
opianunockuo paccfpoucfna. Xofn hponnnonun qusuonoiunockux cum-
hfomon unoina u no ocnaonakf, ocnonnan uoni hcuxofopahuu cocfouf
n omom ynynmonuu kanocfna xusnu knuonfa. Hacfo cama hcuxonoiu-
nockan nahpnxonnocfi knuonfa u oio ofnomonuo k coo kak k osna-
noxno oninomy nononoky okaswnakfcn nauonoo ucfomakmum u oc-
nannkmum qakfopom.
Xopomum hpumopom hcuxonoiunockou oycnonnonnocfu kanocfna
xusnu unnununa hpu comafunockux saononanunx moxof wfi ucfopun
Ionanina A. Mapfunosa, onnoio us hopnwx hpohonanafonou Hncfufy-
fa II. i5 nof, koina Ionanin akfunno sanumancn chopfom, on
honynun copiosnyk fpanmy no npomn hpwxka n accoun. Ho onnaxnw,
nopos mnoio mocnuon, on cnonan pomufoninwu nwop moxny xusnik
unnanuna, hpukonannoio k konncko, nfo foxo wno w nhonno ho-
nnfnwm, u panukaninwm usmononuom cnoou cyniw (MartInoz, i2).
On uspan nfopoo u co npomonom cfan fananfnunwm hcuxofopahonfom,
noonymonnnnmum mnoiux nknou. nn monn Ion ncoina ocfaofcn hpu-
mopom xunoio nohnomonun hpunuuha, cfanmoio hofom knknonwm n
II-hcuxofopahuu: axno no fo, nfo umonno cnynunoci c namu, a
fo, nfo nw nonaofo c fum.
Ionnfno, nfo n cnynao honnou nonoochoconocfu knuonfa cnonyof
ynufwnafi qakfopw, cnnsannwo c oio qunanconou cufyauuou, kapio-
pou, usmononunmu no nsaumoofnomonunx u f.h. Iaofy c hcuxonoiu-
nockumu hocnoncfnunmu honnou nonoochoconocfu knuonfa cnonyof
nanunafi foniko hocno cosnanun omoio hnana nononun, ynufwnakmoio
ocnonnwo hofponocfu hauuonfa. cnu fo no cnonano, fo nhonno po-
anucfunnwo cfpaxu hauuonfa moiyf hpohnfcfnonafi oio choconocfu
JOJ
cocponofonunaficn na nucqynkuuonaninom mafopuano u anoknafno oio
hopopaafwnafi. Iocno paspaofku hcuxofopahonfunockoio hnana mox-
no hpucfyhafi k hopopaofko nkwx nucqynkuuonaninwx cfpaxon u
comnonuu knuonfa ho ofnomonuk k uchonisonanuk foxnuku II.
Hcknknonuom moiyf wfi fo cnynau, koina usnananino nwpaxonw cum-
hfomw nannsnunocfu. 1oina hponmofom nosnoucfnun nonxna wfi us-
pana hopnunnan nannsnunocfi, u numi hocno foio moxno hopoxonufi
k ocfaninwm cumhfomam. Ofo oncnnofcn fom, nfo cfpaxu, hopox-
naomwo cumhfomamu nannsnunocfu, moiyf nacfoniko hpohnfcfnonafi
knuonfy noiunocku mwcnufi, nfo on no cmoxof qqokfunno hnanupo-
nafi nooxonumwo noucfnun.
cnynao paka, fak xo kak u hpu npyiux pachpocfpanonnwx saono-
nanunx, foxnuka II hponhonaiaof houck coofnofcfnykmux fpanma-
funockux nochomunanuu, nwnomnux fpanmupykmux qakfopon u cfpa-
xon knuonfa hopon ynymum. II cnonyof hpumonnfi ho ofnomonuk
ko ncom unonfuquuuponannwm hponomnwm onacfnm. 1mafonino
hponononnwu ananus ucfopuu knuonfa moxof nckpwfi haffopnw camo-
hoxopfnonanun u safpynnonun, cnnsannwo c hohwfkamu chpanuficn c
hponnnonunmu inona. Ipu nkwx saononanunx cnonyof paccmofpofi
nosmoxnwo hocnoncfnun ponfnwx ycfanonok, oycnonnonnwx fumu
haffopnamu. Kak hokaswnaof ohwf, hpakfunocku y ncox hauuonfon ocfi
ohwf yknononun of couuaninwx onsafonicfn nahpumop, hohwfku
honynufi ocnooxnonuo of nounckou cnyxw na ocnonanuu fox unu unwx
saononanuu. Ipunononnwu hpumop nocima xapakfopon, u fakuo hohwf-
ku ownno nochpunumakfcn okpyxakmumu ckopoo c cumhafuou, nom
c noiononanuom. Hooxonumo wfi ononi nnumafoninwm k chocono-
cfu knuonfa ycfanannunafi nnn con coofnofcfnykmuo oipanunonun,
nwpaxafi hofponocfu u hpunumafi na con nooxonumyk ofnofcfnon-
nocfi. Hahpumop, nokofopwo moiyf hosnonufi coo hpokpafufi sao-
fuficn o npyiux nknnx foniko foina, koina onu yxo hpocfo no choco-
nw na fo qusunocku. Hnwo xo knuonfw cnufakf, nfo onosni nnnnofcn
onuncfnonnwm chocoom honynufi honnopxky u homomi fakoo ofno-
monuo qopmupyofcn kak na ocnonanuu poaninwx hpumopon, fak u nou-
cfnufoninwx ocfonfonicfn ux xusnu.
Icuxofopahonfy cnonyof fmafonino ohpononufi nco qakfopw, nknk-
nakmuo n con cufyauuu, koina knuonfy noucfnufonino no ynananoci
nocfuni ychoxa, nfo nwswnano y noio nyncfno ochomomnocfu u os-
nanoxnocfu. Kpomo foio, naxno ynufwnafi u couuaninwo qakfopw,
cnnsannwo c saononanuom. Koina nononoka nnosahno hopaxaof o-
nosni, omy hpuxonufcn cfankunaficn c poakuuou co cfoponw comiu u
npysou. Ipu fom nacfo paspymaofcn ncn fa cucfoma honnopxku, na
kofopyk ohupancn knuonf, fak kak qakf saononanun moxof nwsnafi
JO4
noiafunnoo ofnomonuo co cfoponw npysou. nokofopwx cnynanx nknu
uchwfwnakf nacfoniko cuninwu cfpocc hpu mwcnu o nosmoxnocfu
hofopnfi nuskoio nononoka unu of ocosnanun cnoou cocfnonnou cmop-
fnocfu, nfo ofnopanunakfcn of oninoio. unwx cnynanx npysin mo-
iyf hpuymonimafi noponfnocfi cmopfu unu hponnnnfi cuninoo nannonuo
na knuonfa, nwnyxnan oio coxpannfi hokasnou ohfumusm. Ionnan
knununockan kapfuna nonxna ynufwnafi nosmoxnocfi ncox fux poak-
uuu u mouuu. ocfafonno nacfo nyncfno nunw u ochomomnocfu oka-
swnaofcn nacfoniko cuninwm, nfo nknu no moiyf coxpannfi nymonnoo
pannonocuo os homomu hcuxofopahonfa.
Kpomo couuaninwx qakfopon hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo ohpononufi
poni monuuunckux hpouonyp u honononun npanou n hcuxonoiunockom
cocfonnuu knuonfa. Hahpumop, nochomunanun o nwswnakmux cfpocc
monuuunckux hpouonypax unoina no hosnonnkf knuonfy coxpannfi ny-
monnwu komqopf. Cfpanakmuu of pakonoio saononanun hauuonf mo-
xof saxofofi hohpoonafi foxnuky II, fak kak fof kchopumonfani-
nwu mofon nononun ynof kasaficn omy onuncfnonnou nanoxnou. Onnako
hponoma cocfouf n fom, nfo knuonf moxof okasaficn nochoconwm
hpunnfi pomonuo, hoponocuf nu hponhonaiaoman honisa of nononun
nosmoxnwu ofpuuafoninwu qqokf, oycnonnonnwu noiafunnwm nho-
nafnonuom of hpononunmoucn panoo xumuofopahuu. Iofomy II
uchonisyofcn nnn hopopaofku ofpuuafoninwx nochomunanuu u cosna-
nun y knuonfa nyncfna komqopfa, nfo naof omy nosmoxnocfi cnonafi
nwop. Koina knuonf hpunnn pomonuo hpoufu kchopumonfaninoo
nononuo of paka, foxnuka II moxof wfi uchonisonana nnn hopo-
paofku noanoknafnoio cfpaxa, ona nacf knuonfy pnn nonwx nanwkon,
kofopwo hpuionnfcn no npomn nononun. Kak hpanuno, hocno foio hcu-
xonoiunockoo cocfonnuo knuonfon hpu xumuofopahuu hosnonnof um
snanufonino noino hoponocufi nononuo. Onnako kchopumonfaninoo no-
nonuo nwswnano u nokofopwo ofpuuafoninwo qqokfw, kak, nhponom,
nwswnakf ux u nkwo npyiuo nunw nononun paka.
Icuxofopahonfy cnonyof ouonufi u nosmoxnwo ofpuuafoninwo ho-
cnoncfnun nofakfunnoio honononun monuuunckoio hopconana. K coxa-
nonuk, y nokofopwx npanou ocfi fonnonuun uchonisonafi nyncfno cfpaxa
kak mofunupykmuu qakfop nnn conknonun knuonfom poxuma nononun.
Ionnfno, nfo fo okaswnaof ofpuuafoninoo nosnoucfnuo na hcuxonoiu-
nockoo cocfonnuo knuonfa. Iononwo ochokonmuo momonfw cnonyof
honnopinyfi hopopaofko na nananinou cfanuu II-hcuxofopahuu.
axno, nfow hcuxofopahonf ynufwnan nosmoxnwo ynymuo cow-
fun n xusnu knuonfa, sananan omy nohpocw (u, nosmoxno, usupan
hofom fu nohpocw u ofnofw na nux hponmofom nosnoucfnun u hopopa-
ofku) fuha Kom n yny, ocnu ocnooxyci of onosnu unu Hfo mno
JO5
cnonyof usmonufi u c nom nooxonumo opoficn. cnu y knuonfa nos-
nukakf nochomunanun, hpunonnmuo k cnuxonuk nyncfna cocfnonnoio
nocfouncfna u cocfonnuk occunun, onu fakxo nonxnw honnopiaficn
hopopaofko. Iocnoncfnun, cnnsannwo c ponufonnmu, comiou, npyiu-
mu snanumwmu nuuamu, kapiopou, kpusucom camounonfunnocfu u
nwnomnumu ochokoucfnamu, fakxo nonxnw wfi honnopinyfw hopo-
paofko. osmoxno, hpunofcn hpuoinyfi k mofonam comounou fopa-
huu, hosnonnkmum nnonam comiu knuonfa hpuchocouficn k oio no-
nom opasy nononoka, opononnoio na nousoxnyk cmopfi, u ncom
cnnsannwm c fum nyncfnam inona, iopn u f.h.
kwo poakuuu nnonon comiu, nwswnakmuo cfpocc y knuonfa,
fakxo cnonyof honnopinyfi hopopaofko, fakum opasom hponocfannnn
omy nosmoxnocfi honynufi onimo honnopxku of comiu. cnu knuonf
hocfonnno cocponofonunaofcn na nucqynkuuonaninou poakuuu nnonon
comiu, fo oio nyncfno ochomomnocfu u nochoconocfi konfponupo-
nafi hpoucxonnmoo ynyf numi ycununaficn. fom cnynao, koina nof
nosmoxnocfu usmonufi ofnomonuo nnonon comiu, nooxonumo uchoni-
sonafi foxnuky II, nfow homoni knuonfy nochpunumafi ofnomo-
nuo comiu fakum, kakoo ono ocfi. kononnom cnofo knuonfy noo-
xonumo ofnofufi nnn con na nohpoc: Xonofcn nu mno xufi, ynynu
hpu fom iofonwm ko ncfpono c nkwmu ofpuuafoninwmu mouunmu.
Iponononuo hopopaofku noanoknafnwx cfpaxon u oxunanuu homoxof
knuonfy hpuufu k yfnopnufoninomy ofnofy na fof nohpoc. nn hopo-
paofku nkwx ocfafonnwx qopm nucqynkuuonaninocfu knuonfy ho-
nosno hponnoxufi hponcfanufi camoio con snoponwm nopos ion u nopos
hnfi nof. Ipu fom knuonfy hponnaiaofcn kak w nochpousnocfu nunoo-
sahuci nosmoxnwx cowfuu cnonykmux hnfu nof xusnu, ynopxunan n
cosnanuu honoxufoninoo camohponcfannonuo. Kaxnwu pas, koina knu-
onf ynof ofmonafi noymocfnoo ochokoucfno u comnonun, cnonyof
hpumonnfi nnuxonun inas.
cnonykmom pasnono ohucanw chocow akfunauuu ummynnou cu-
cfomw knuonfa nnn cfumynuponanun hpouocca nwsnoponnonun. Onna-
ko nnn nokofopwx knuonfon cmopfi moxof wfi nousoxnou. 1om no
monoo nooxonumo hponnaiafi fof mafopuan fakum opasom, nfow
nnymafi knuonfy mwcni o nosmoxnocfu ynymoio ucuononun naxo n fom
cnynao, ocnu na camom nono on nusok k cmopfu. cnu xo n kononnom
cnofo knuonfy hpunofcn hpusnafi nousoxnocfi cnoou cmopfu, fo hcu-
xofopahonfy cnonyof uchonisonafi foxnuky II, nfow nononok moi
hpunnfi fof qakf, ocynufi oio c comiou u npysinmu, hpanunino pac-
hopnnuficn cnoou cocfnonnocfik u hpoononofi cfpax cmopfu. nn foio
moxno fakxo uchonisonafi noopaxaomoo nochpousnononuo nunoosa-
hucu ynymux cowfuu. II moxof hpumonnficn n oninuuax nnn
JO6
homomu knuonfam, cfpanakmum of hocfonnnwx onou, hosnonnn um
ocnoonuficn of nyncfna nunw sa xonanuo ymopofi u onoinan ux cfpa-
nanun.
Ynonnn nnumanuo hcuxonoiunockum achokfam onosnu, hcuxofopa-
honf nonxon homoni knuonfy hpoononofi nyncfno nunw u honyncfnonafi
opofonuo cunw. Ipu ocyxnonuu nosmoxnocfu mounusauuu pocyp-
con opianusma, chococfnykmux hpouoccy nwsnoponnonun, hcuxofo-
pahonfy nooxonumo hosaofuficn o fom, nfow knuonf no hpunuman
na con ofnofcfnonnocfi sa cnok onosni fakoo uckaxonnoo nochpu-
nfuo cufyauuu moxof nwsnafi y knuonfa nyncfno, nfo on nunonon n cnoou
onosnu u nukoina no cmoxof nwnonuficn. co fu nacfpoonun numi
hpohnfcfnykf nononuk, u ux cnonyof usoiafi nkou uonou.
Hooxonumo homoni knuonfy honnfi, nfo on no moxof wfi nunon-
nwm n cnoou onosnu, fak kak oio nochpuumnunocfi k cfpocconwm
qakfopam, ocnannkmum ummynnyk cucfomy, moxof umofi ionofunoc-
kuu xapakfop nuo wfi oycnonnonnou nanknanmumucn na hpofnxo-
nuu xusnu hpumopamu. Kpomo foio, fo unu unwo hcuxonoiunockuo
qakfopw moinu nosnoucfnonafi sanonio no foio, kak knuonf hpunnn
kakoo-nuo pomonuo u cnonan nwop.
Hnok o hofonuuanino hpucymom knuonfy hpouocco camoucuononun
cnonyof usnaiafi fakum opasom, nfow no cosnanafi nohonnufoninwo
nahpnxonnocfi unu camooipanunonun. axno nonocfu no knuonfa
mwcni, nfo hohwfku akfunuponafi hofonuuanino hpucymuu oio opia-
nusmy uonufoninwu hpouocc nonco no osnanakf ofnofcfnonnocfu knu-
onfa sa oio onosni.
Ipokpacnwm ucfonnukom cnononuu o cfumynnuuu ummynnou cuc-
fomw u mounusauuu pocypcon opianusma na opiy c pakom nnnnofcn
knuia Cnona nyncfnonafi con xopomo (Uerring we|| uguin, SImonton
& GroIghton, i82). ?O-o ionw, koina cyhpyiu Caumonfonw pao-
fanu hcuxonoiamu n ipyhho ho nynonou fopahuu paka, k num nahpan-
nnnu hpoumymocfnonno hauuonfon, naxonnmuxcn na ipanu cmopfu.
Cyhpyiu Caumonfonw saunfopoconanuci pasnunnou nacfofou nwxuna-
nun cponu fux hauuonfon. Iponononnwu umu ohpoc hokasan, nfo fa
nacfofa coofnocuma c hcuxonoiunockum ofnomonuom hauuonfa k onos-
nu u c fomu cumnonunockumu opasamu, n kofopwx hopon num hpon-
cfaof cnoxunmancn cufyauun. Ionisa fakoio hponhonoxonun cocfonna
n fom, nfo y hauuonfon honnnnnaci nosmoxnocfi cosnafi opas cocfnon-
nou ummynnou cucfomw kak nokou moiymocfnonnou cymnocfu, choco-
nou hooxnafi ocnanonnwo pakonwo knofku. Coinacno hynukauunm,
no mnoiux cnynanx ynynmonuo kanocfna xusnu hauuonfon u ynonunonuo
oo hpononxufoninocfu wno posynifafom usmononun ux ofnomonun k
onosnu u nwhonnonun yhpaxnonuu ho paofo c opasamu. Mnoiuo
JO?
uccnononafonu, paofakmuo n fakou wcfpo pasnunakmoucn onacfu,
kak hcuxonoupoummynonoiun, honynunu nannwo, honfnopxnakmuo
ofkpwfun Caumonfonon (CousIns, i8; IoIIotIor, i??; KossI, i86;
SIogoI, i8; SoIomon & 1omoshoI, i8?).
Hfow homoni knuonfy cosnafi honoxufoninwu opas, nooxonumo
hponocfu onimyk hponnapufoninyk paofy koinufunnoio xapakfopa
knuonfa nooxonumo yonufi, nfo pakonwo knofku nnnnkfcn n opianusmo
camwmu cnawmu. Ha fom ocnonana qqokfunnocfi xumuofopahuu u
nynonou fopahuu ocnanonnwo pakonwo knofku hoiuakf, a onoo
cuninwo snoponwo knofku nwxunakf. Hmonno n fof momonf nacfo
moxof wfi honosnwm hpumononuo II nnn hopopaofku nhonafno-
nun knuonfa of nokofopwx sannnonuu monuuunckoio hopconana o cfa-
nuu pasnufun pakonoio saononanun. Kpomo foio, knuonfw nacfo uc-
hwfwnakf nyncfno nucfpocca hpu nochomunanuu o nwpaxonuu nuua
npana, honynunmoio posynifafw ananuson, nwpaxonuu, accouuupy-
kmomcn c nwnoconuom cmopfnoio hpuionopa. oucfnufonino, mnoiuo
npanu no cux hop uinopupykf ofkpwfun hcuxonoupoummynonoiuu.
Onun us nonocfafkon paofw, hponnaiaomou Caumonfonamu, cocfouf
n fom, nfo hpu fom hponhonaiaofcn cosnanuo hauuonfom opasa um-
mynnou cucfomw kak nokou moiymocfnonnou cymnocfu, nonymou no-
hpumupumyk opiy c onosnik. Ofo moiyf wfi opasw cfau nonkon
unu apfunnopuu, ocfponunakmou pakonwo knofku, hponcfannnomwo n
nuno onoo cnaoio hpofunnuka. nn onnux knuonfon fakuo opasw
okaswnakfcn nocima qqokfunnwmu, nnn npyiux moiyf wfi nohpuion-
nwmu n cnnsu c hauuqucfckumu yoxnonunmu. Iofomy naxno, nfo-
w opasw, uchonisyomwo knuonfamu, coofnofcfnonanu ux hcuxonoiu-
nockomy cknany u nunnwm yoxnonunm. mocfo paspymufoninwx
nouncfnonnwx cun nhonno qqokfunnwmu moiyf wfi nyxonnwo opa-
sw, snanumwo nnn knuonfa nahpumop, copnuo cfpanakmoio na kpo-
cfo Xpucfa, hocwnakmoo cnou uonufoninwu cnof. Hahomnum omo pas,
nfo hpu paofo c II ocoonno naxno uchonisonafi uonfpuponan-
nwu na knuonfo honxon, hosnonnkmuu usupafi cumnonw u hponcfan-
nonun, nauonoo qqokfunnwo nnn nannoio unnununa. Inannoo co-
snafi nunamunockuu opas pakonwx knofok, paspymaomwx unou cunou,
ocnooxnakmou fono of onosnu.
Onun us knuonfon Caumonfonon uchonisonan opas nokfpunocko-
io foka, nxonnmoio n ionony u hponuswnakmoio nco fono, yunan pa-
konwo knofku. Onnako hocno coanca II knuonf ckasan, nfo na ca-
mom nono uchonisonan fof opas nononino ponko u, kpomo foio,
nokfpunockuu fok nacfo ncfponan hpohnfcfnun n fox unu unwx nac-
fnx fona, no hpoxonn nopos noio honnocfik. Ipu paofo c II knuon-
fy hpoxno ncoio hponnoxunu cosnafi honoxufoninoo camohponcfanno-
JO8
nuo, u on nwpan nwckaswnanuo Mon ummynnan cucfoma ucuonnof
monn. 3afom omy hponnoxunu onnonpomonno ynopxunafi n cosnanuu
honoxufoninoo camohponcfannonuo u opas hpoxonnmoio nopos fono
nokfpunockoio foka. C nananom nnuxonuu inas honoxufoninoo hpon-
cfannonuo ycununoci. 3afom knuonfy hponnoxunu sakpwfi inasa u hpon-
cfanufi, kak nokfpunockuu fok hponuswnaof nco oio fono. Koina n fono
nosnukanu hpohnfcfnun, on ofkpwnan inasa u nwhonnnn cakkanunoc-
kuo nnuxonun, hosnonnn nokfpunockomy foky hponnuiaficn nanimo ho
fony. kanocfno hponmofa nosnoucfnun uchonisonanuci coonunonnwo
nmocfo camohponcfannonuo u opas nokfpunockoio foka. Knuonfy nanu
nomamnoo sananuo uchonisonafi opas, camohponcfannonuo u nnuxo-
nun inas (camocfonfoninoo nwhonnonuo nnuxonuu inas mw ocynum
nanoo) ho kpaunou mopo fpu pasa n noni. On pomun uchonisonafi o-
pas nokfpunockoio foka, hpoxonnmoio nopos fono, kaxnwu pas no npomn
monouchyckanun, hponcfannnn hpu fom, nfo pakonwo knofku nmocfo c
monou nwpacwnakfcn us opianusma, u ycununan fakum opasom ho-
noxufoninoo camohponcfannonuo. Ipononn nnuxonun inas, knuonf
ynopxunan n cosnanuu mwcni H nwpacwnak us con nco, nfo ofpan-
nnof mou opianusm.
Opas u honoxufoninoo camohponcfannonuo nonxnw coonunnficn hpu
nwhonnonuu nnuxonuu inas ncoina, koina ocfi nosmoxnocfi. cnu fa-
kou nosmoxnocfu nof n cnynao, koina opas nnnnofcn nnuxymoucn
kapfunou u knuonfy fpynno cocponofonufi na nou cnoo nnumanuo,
nnuxonuo inas nooxonumo hpononufi onnonpomonno c honoxufoninwm
camohponcfannonuom.
Knuonfy nooxonumo nafi uncfpykuuu ho camocfonfoninomy nwhon-
nonuk nnuxonuu inas nnn hpononxonun hopopaofku fpanmafunockoio
mafopuana no npomn nwhonnonun nomamnux sananuu ho paofo c opa-
samu. Xofn na pannux cfanunx hcuxofopahuu ownno no pokomonnyof-
cn camocfonfonino nwhonnnfi nnuxonun inas, fak kak nosmoxno yp-
noo ofpoaiuponanuo, n cnynao hpumononun nannoio hpofokona moxof
wfi cnonano ucknknonuo, hockoniky opasw u hponcfannonun, uspan-
nwo hponmofom nosnoucfnun hpu camocfonfoninou paofo noma, ncoina
moiyf wfi honnopinyfw nohonnufoninou hopopaofko n kaunofo hcu-
xofopahonfa. Iofomy nkou nohonnufoninwu mafopuan, accouuafunno
cnnsannwu c hponmofom nosnoucfnun, ynof hopopaofan omo no foio,
kak knuonf hponhpumof hohwfku camocfonfoninoio nwhonnonun nnu-
xonuu inas. Ipu fom cnonyof sahucwnafi n nnonnuko nco comnonun,
hponnnonun cohpofunnonun u cnnsannwo c fum nochomunanun nuo
unwo fpanmupykmuo knuonfa momonfw, nosnukakmuo hpu camocfon-
foninom nwhonnonuu nnuxonuu inas. II cnonyof hpumonnfi no foni-
ko nnn paofw co cfpaxom, no u n cnynao nkwx unwx fpanmafunockux
JO
hopoxunanuu, cnnsannwx c pakonwm saononanuom (n fom nucno hpu
nosnuknononuu y knuonfa yoxnonun, nfo cocfnonnoo fono hponano
oio), hpu hponnnonuu nopcfnocfu unu ospasnunun co cfoponw monu-
uunckoio hopconana, comiu unu npysou, a fakxo nosnuknononuu of-
puuafoninwx mouuu, cnnsannwx c camum qakfom hpownanun n oni-
nuuo, cnanou ananuson, nooxonumocfik ohopauuu u f.h.
Hooxonumo omo pas honnopknyfi, nfo n onimuncfno cnynaon hpu
fnxonwx saononanunx knuonfw cfpanakf u of hocffpanmafunockoio
cunnpoma, nosnukakmoio no foniko n cnynao cokcyaninoio nacunun,
no u foina, koina n ponu nacuninuka okaswnaofcn fono oninoio unu
oio ummynnan cucfoma. Iockoniky honnnnkmoocn nyncfno occunun unu
ofnpamonun k coo moxof honnocfik hapanusonafi nonk knuonfa, hcu-
xofopahonfy nooxonumo fmafonino ohpononufi ipanuuw nooxonumou
n nannom cnynao paofw, honnopkunan naxnocfi hpouocca camoucuo-
nonun. Cocponofononuo na fom homoiaof knuonfy noccfanonufi yno-
ponnocfi n coo u nyncfno cnoonw nwopa.
1oxnuku ponakcauuu u konfponn ononwx omymonuu, ohucannwo
nanoo n pasnono, hocnnmonnom camokonfponk u hpouonypam sanopmo-
nun, nocima honosnw nnn cosnanuu y knuonfa nyncfna ynoponnocfu n
coo. Ohucannan nanoo foxnuka cnofonoio hofoka ocoonno honosna
n cnynanx ocfpou onu (S. IovIno, nunnoo coomonuo, i82; IovIno,
ii). Ipu paofo c onik xopomuu posynifaf moiyf nanafi camu ho
coo nnuxonun inas (HoImat, Groth & Kogors, i4). Ioomponuo knu-
onfon k uchonisonanuk honnopxunakmou ipyhhonou hcuxofopahuu
(SpIogoI, Kraomor, Ioom & GotthoII, i8) nuo unwx anifopnafun-
nwx chocoon saofw o cocfnonnom snoponio, fakux kak maccax unu
hpanuninoo hufanuo, chococfnyof mounusauuu hcuxonoiunockux po-
cypcon u ynonunonuk cfohonu camokonfponn.
II-hcuxofopahuk moxno cnufafi sanopmonnou, koina knuonf
cmoxof hponcfanufi con snoponwm u honnocfik usnonunmumcn of paka,
a hpu ckanuponanuu fona no onapyxafcn nukakuo ofpuuafoninwo omy-
monun. Xofn II noucfnufonino moxof ycununafi ofnomonuo knu-
onfa k camomy coo kak k snoponomy nononoky, nooxonumo cfanufi
hopon coou poaninwo uonu. nkom cnynao foxnuka II moxof nafi
knuonfy nohonnufoninwo cunw nnn ynynmonun kanocfna xusnu u ho-
nwmonun cfohonu camokonfponn, a hpunononnwu snoci hpofokon ho-
snonnof mounusonafi cunw opianusma u akfunuponafi hpouocc camo-
ucuononun. kononnom cnofo knuonfy nooxonumo hpumupuficn c
hocnoncfnunmu saononanun nno sanucumocfu of foio, kakou oopof
hpumyf noucfnufoninwo cowfun. Knuonfy nooxonumo honnfi, nfo,
xofn nocfuxonuo ychoxa omo no iapanfupyof hoonw, os fakux hohw-
fok noomo nunoio no ynof nocfuinyfo.
JiO
Cavuc1uu1cntnuc ncuuntiunannc
nnxcnn rnai nu cnnxcnnu c1pccca
Hpe0ocmepeenun u cooemm
bos pykononcfna co cfoponw ohwfnoio hcuxofopahonfa hpumonnfi
nunnocfnyk hcuxofopahuk ownno nononino fpynno, xofn nohpanunino
wno w ionopufi, nfo fo n hpunuuho nonosmoxno. nannom pas-
nono ohucanw chocow camocfonfoninoio uchonisonanun knuonfom
nnuxonuu inas no nnn sanopmonun honnoio kypca II-hcuxofopahuu,
a numi nnn cnuxonun yponnn cfpocca.
Ho cfouf oynafi knuonfon camocfonfoninomy uchonisonanuk nnu-
xonuu inas na nananinwx cfanunx nononun, fak kak hcuxofopahonf no
moxof sapanoo ysnafi, c nom umonno cnnsana nannan uoni, a hponnno-
nun fponoxnocfu u cumhfomw, kaxymuocn conopmonno osounnwmu,
na camom nono moiyf nocxonufi k nochomunanunm pannoio nofcfna,
xapakfopusykmumcn nposnwnauno nwcokou cfohonik ochokoucfna.
Ipoxnonpomonnoo hpumononuo knuonfom camocfonfoninwx nnuxonuu
inas naxo ho ofnomonuk k iopasno monoo cfpocconwm qakfopam mo-
xof nwsnafi ypnoo ofpoaiuponanuo, hpunonnmoo k honfopnou fpanma-
fusauuu, fak kak on moxof wfi no chocoon camocfonfonino hponon-
xafi nnuxonun inas nocfafonno nnufoninoo npomn, nooxonumoo nnn
hopopaofku akfunuponannoio fpanmafunockoio mafopuana. Ownno n
fononuo coanca II knuonf npomn of npomonu hpokpamaof nnuxonun
inas, u hcuxofopahonf, cnonnmuu sa xonom coanca, honnopxunaof nnu-
xonun inas knuonfa na hpofnxonuu nooxonumoio npomonu.
cnu knuonf nannof nwhonnnfi nnuxonun inas camocfonfonino, os
nanknonun hcuxofopahonfa, fo, nocmofpn na honisy, kofopyk fo
moxof hpunocfu hpu naninoumou hopopaofko, nooxonumo homnufi
u o ohacnocfu napymufi fakum opasom noci hnan nononun. Iofomy
knuonfam no cnonyof camocfonfonino hpumonnfi nnuxonun inas os
hponnapufoninou koncynifauuu c hcuxofopahonfom u fom onoo no hpon-
naiafi foio npyium nknnm. cnu xo nononok nocfui sanopmakmou
cfanuu kypca hcuxofopahuu, omy moxno hponnoxufi camocfonfoninoo
nwhonnonuo nnuxonuu inas, fak kak ocnonnan fpanmafunockan unqop-
mauun yxo hpomna hopopaofky. Ho naxo u n fom cnynao hcuxofopa-
honfy nooxonumo honnopknyfi nooxonumocfi hpononxafi nocfu sahucu
n nnonnuko, ofmonan honnnonuo nkwx ochokonmux poakuuu u noc-
homunanuu.
Camocfonfoninoo uchonisonanuo nnuxonuu inas nposnwnauno honos-
no u nnn camux hcuxofopahonfon, honnopiakmuxcn fpanmafusauuu hon
nnunnuom hopoxunanuu knuonfon. Iponnnonun fakou fpanmafusauuu
Jii
nocfafonno xopomo usynonw (IIgIoy, i5; McCann & IoarIman, iO).
Onu moiyf hpohnfcfnonafi no foniko ohponononnou nucfanuuponanno-
cfu hcuxofopahonfa, nooxonumou nnn nunonun anoknafnou hopchokfu-
nw, no u nyncfny cocfnonnou osohacnocfu u ynonnofnoponun cnoou
paofou. Camocfonfoninoo uchonisonanuo nnuxonuu inas hcuxofopa-
honfom nooxonumo hpoxno ncoio n fox cnynanx, koina ucfopuu, pac-
ckaswnaomwo knuonfamu o cnoux fpanmax, usounykf ocoonno fnioc-
fnwmu honponocfnmu. Ononunno, nfo nom nonimo nnuxonun inas ynyf
nwhonnnfcn ho ofnomonuk k fomy fpanmafunockomy mafopuany, fom
n onimou mopo on ynof hopopaofan, accumunuponan u paspomon.
Onnako hcuxofopahonfam cnonyof homnufi, nfo nuccouuafunnwu ma-
fopuan, akfunupykmuu nwcokuu ypononi ochokoucfna, moxof hponn-
nnficn u n posynifafo hponononun nnuxonuu inas. hononwx cnyna-
nx no cfouf hwfaficn paspomufi fy hponomy camocfonfonino, a
nooxonumo opafuficn k homomu ohwfnoio chouuanucfa. Iohwfku ca-
mocfonfoninoio nwhonnonun nnuxonuu inas unoina hpunonnf k honfop-
nou fpanmafusauuu, fak kak fpanmafunockuo nochomunanun moiyf no
foniko no hpoufu honnyk hopopaofky, no u hpuopocfu omo onoo
nuccouuafunnwu xapakfop.
Texnunecuue coobpuenun
Ipu camocfonfoninom uchonisonanuu nnuxonuu inas honosno hpu-
monnfi nacfpoonnwu na ohponononnyk nacfofy mofponom, nfow co-
xpannfi pufm nnuxonuu. Mofponom cnonyof uchonisonafi foniko kak
cponcfno snykonoio nahomunanun, hockoniky nuahason nacfof cfannap-
fnwx mofponomon nonocfafonno mupok, nfow hpononufi honnouonnwo
nnycfoponnuo nnuxonun inas. Mofponom cnonyof pachonoxufi fakum
opasom, nfow snyk nochpunumancn kaxnwm yxom c onunakonou cu-
nou, nfo nooxonumo nnn pannomopnoio pachponononun nnumanun knu-
onfa. Onnako nnn onnux unnununon fakan snykonan cfumynnuun wnaof
honosnou, npyiux xo ona moxof foniko ofnnokafi.
Huxo hpunonufcn hopononi hcuxofopahonfunockux honxonon (no nn-
nnkmuucn, kononno xo, ucnophwnakmum), nooxonumwx nnn camo-
cfonfoninoio nwhonnonun nnuxonuu inas.
i. opxufo ionony hpnmo, cmofpufo hopon coou, a safom hopono-
nufo nsinnn kak moxno nanimo nhpano, nanknan sa ofnanonnwm ook-
fom. Iofom fakoo xo nnuxonuo nooxonumo nwhonnufi n nonyk cfo-
pony. Iocno foio inasa nnuxyfcn us cfoponw n cfopony moxny hpanwm
u nonwm ookfamu.
2. Cmofpufo fo n onun, fo n npyiou yion komnafw hoonoponno (mox-
no uchonisonafi nnn foio fonku na cfonax).
Ji2
J. Cnnifo, honoxun pyku na kononu nanonnmu nnus. Ionnumufo
ykasafoninwu hanou na fo npomn, sa kofopoo inasa cmoiyf conopmufi
nnuxonuo us cfoponw n cfopony.
4. nuiaufo honnnfou pykou nhopon-nasan n nahpannonuu nsinnna.
5. Hauonoo noikuu choco nwhonnnfi nnuxonun inas uchoniso-
nanuo nnomnou nnuxymoucn fonku qokycuponku. Hokofopwo unnunu-
nw uchonisykf nnn foio manfnuk, honnomonnwu hon hofonkom, unu
pufmunockuo nchwmku cnofa. Counac paspaofanw u cfanu nocfyhnw-
mu nnn uonou hcuxofopahuu ucfonnuku hynicupykmoio cnofa c nocfa-
fonno mupokumu nuahasonom nacfofw u amhnufynou nnuxonun
(^ourotoI, i4).
nohonnonuo k hponnoxonnwm chocoam knuonf moxof hponcfan-
nnfi haniuw hcuxofopahonfa, nnuxymuocn hopon oio nusyaninwm ho-
nom. 1akan foxnuka ocoonno honosna, fak kak n nou hpucyfcfnyof
nnuxymuucn nnomnuu ucfonnuk qokycuponku, xopomo snakomwu knu-
onfy u accouuupykmuucn nnn noio c nyncfnom osohacnocfu, cnnsan-
nwm c camum xapakfopom hcuxofopahonfunockux ofnomonuu. Onnako
cnonyof homnufi, nfo camocfonfoninwo nnuxonun inas moiyf hpumo-
nnficn foniko hpu nosnanufoninom yponno ochokoucfna, fak kak yp-
noo ofpoaiuponanuo, nosnukakmoo unoina hpu nwcokou cfohonu oc-
hokoucfna, moxof hpunonufi k napymonuk qokycuponku, nooxonumou
nnn hpononxonun nnuxonuu inas u hopopaofku hponmofa nosnoucfnun.
Tcxnnkn cavukun1punu n iancpmamnc upuucypu
Iockoniky ocoonno naxno nu hpu kakux ocfonfonicfnax no nohyc-
kafi, nfow knuonf hokunan kaunof hcuxofopahonfa c nosanopmon-
nwm ofpoaiuponanuom, nooxonumo honiofonuficn k hponononuk anok-
nafnou hpouonypw sanopmonun, hosnonnkmou hauuonfy sakonnufi
hcuxofopahonfunockuu coanc n cocfonnuu ofnocufoninoio hokon naxo
n fom cnynao, ocnu hopopaofka okasanaci nohonnou. naninoumom
fpanmafunockuu mafopuan ynof hocfohonno hpoxonufi hopopaofky n
hopuon moxny coancamu, u hofomy knuonf nonxon wfi snakom c pas-
nunnwmu foxnukamu camokonfponn u c hpanunamu uchonisonanun cnu-
xakmux cfpocc aynuosahucou, nfow camocfonfonino chpannnficn c oc-
hokonmumu mwcnnmu u mouunmu.
cnonykmom hapaipaqo n ohumy nokofopwo hpouonypw nnn camo-
konfponn u okonnanun nosanopmonnoio hcuxofopahonfunockoio coan-
ca. Icuxofopahonfy cnonyof uchonisonafi onny unu nockoniko fakux
foxnuk no nanana nohocponcfnonnoio hpumononun II hpu paofo c
JiJ
knuonfom, nfow ohpononufi, kakuo umonno foxnuku nauonoo qqok-
funnw nnn nannoio unnununa. Ipouonypy moxno nanafi c ycfanonno-
nun nsaumnoio nonopun u honiofonku knuonfa, nfow on no uchwfw-
nan hofom samomafonicfna hpu ofpoaiuponanuu. Xofn nco fu foxnuku
nocima qqokfunnw nnn cnuxonun mouuonaninoio ochokoucfna,
knuonfy cnonyof nahomnufi o nosmoxnocfu nosnuknononun noiafunnwx
hopoxunanuu hpu ofpoaiuponanuu.
Hfow oonpufi knuonfa, nooxonumo oncnufi omy, nfo c homo-
mik fux foxnuk oio ochokoucfno ynof cnuxono u on cmoxof hpo-
nonxafi hopopaofky fpanmafunockoio mafopuana no ychomnoio oo sa-
nopmonun. Hanunuo ohwfa connananun c ochokonmumu mouuonani-
nwmu cocfonnunmu nnnnofcn naxnwm qakfopom iofonnocfu knuonfa k
hopopaofko fpanmafunockoio mafopuana no npomn hcuxofopahonfunoc-
koio coanca u k fomy, nfow anoknafno chpannnficn c nosmoxnwmu
hponnnonunmu foio mafopuana n hopuon moxny coancamu. 1oxnuku
camokonfponn u sanopmonun hcuxofopahuu ocoonno naxnw hpu pao-
fo c hauuonfamu, cfpanakmumu of hcuxunockux fpanm, qouu u ha-
nunockux paccfpoucfn.
Xofn iuhnofunockoo nnymonuo wno w, nosmoxno, nynmum cho-
coom okonnanun nosanopmonnoio hcuxofopahonfunockoio coanca, ono
no moxof nafi knuonfy nyncfna ynoponnocfu n coo, cfoni nooxonu-
moio n hopuon moxny coancamu. Iofomy ocnu hcuxofopahonf ofnaof
hponhonfonuo ohponononnwm iuhnofunockum foxnukam, honosno nuno-
usmonufi ux fakum opasom, nfow knuonf cmoi camocfonfonino uc-
honisonafi fu foxnuku n hopuonw moxny coancamu.
Obpu1 be1onucnoeo mecmu
Iopon nananom hopopaofku nooxonumo homoni knuonfy cosnafi
opas osohacnoio mocfa (cm. inany 5). 1akou opas hosnonnof coxpa-
nnfi nyncfno komqopfa u ypannonomonnocfi c homomik cocponofono-
nun na fom unu unom knknonom opaso unu qpaso.
4y0uo1unucu 0an pubomm c ou1yuau1uunmu
1oxnuku nusyanusauuu hponcfannonw n umokmuxcn n hponaxo aynuo-
sahucnx, nahpannonnwx na cnuxonuo cfpocca (mw yxo yhomunanu kac-
cofy Ocnoonuci of cfpocca mmott MIIIor, 1erring go of srress,
Sourco Cassoto 1apos). 1akuo aynuosahucu nposnwnauno honosnw nnn
cnuxonun cfpocca, u ux moxno pokomonnonafi knuonfam n kanocfno
Ji4
cponcfna camohomomu. Iocno hopnunnoio coanca, hocnnmonnoio ana-
nusy ucfopuu onosnu, knuonfy nooxonumo hponnoxufi oxonnonno uc-
honisonafi onny unu nockoniko nusyanusauuu. Hauonoo honpanunmu-
ocn moiyf wfi safom uchonisonanw n hcuxofopahonfunockux coancax.
cnu umokmuocn n hponaxo aynuokaccofw okaswnakfcn nonocfafonno
qqokfunnwmu nnn nannoio knuonfa u no nwswnakf y noio nooxonu-
mou ponakcauuu, hcuxofopahonfy cnonyof sahucafi na kaccofy cnou co-
cfnonnwu coanc, onoo honxonnmuu nnn nyxn nannoio hauuonfa.
Texnuuu coemoooeo nomouu
1oxnuka cnofonoio hofoka n O cnynaon honfnopnuna cnok qqok-
funnocfi, hofomy ona ohucwnaofcn snoci honpono. Ofa foxnuka hpu-
monnofcn hpu ocfpou unu xponunockou onu u nnnnofcn pacmuponnou
nopcuou nponnoio yhpaxnonun uoiu, ychomno uchonisyomoio hpu pa-
ofo c knuonfamu, cfpanakmumu kak xponunockumu qusunockumu
onnmu, fak u hopoxunakmumu mouuonaninwo cfpananun (S. IovIno,
nunnoo coomonuo, i82; IovIno, ii). nn ohponononun nnufonino-
cfu hpouonypw hcuxofopahonfy cnonyof pykononcfnonaficn xapakfopom
ofnofnou poakuuu knuonfa.
Ipoxno nom nanafi hopopaofky c homomik II, knuonfy hpon-
naiakf uspafi hponmof nosnoucfnun, nwswnakmuu nauonimoo ocho-
koucfno, u cocponofonuficn na omymonunx n fono, cohyfcfnykmux
ochokoucfny. Ofo moxof wfi xopomou nosmoxnocfik ohpononufi,
nyxnaofcn nu knuonf n nohonnufoninom oynonuu foxnuko cnofonoio
hofoka. cnu oynonuo noucfnufonino nooxonumo, knuonfy hponna-
iakf cocponofonuficn na onom nucfo ymaiu u ofmonafi nco nosnuka-
kmuo hpu fom omymonun n fono. 3afom omy cnonyof ynopxunafi n co-
snanuu nwswnakmuu ochokoucfno hponmof nosnoucfnun u ofmonafi
usmononun n fonocnwx omymonunx. Ofa hpouonypa honfopnofcn no fox
hop, hoka knuonf cmoxof noiko unonfuquuuponafi omymonun n fono,
cohponoxnakmuo ochokonmuu fpanmafunockuu mafopuan.
Koina knuonf naynufcn cocponofonunaficn na omymonunx n fono,
nanunaofcn paofa ho nusyanusauuu. Icuxofopahonfy cnonyof onc-
nufi, nfo hponnaiaomoo yhpaxnonuo nahpannono na paofy c noopa-
xonuom u n fou paofo nof hpanuninwx unu nohpanuninwx ofnofon.
3afom knuonfy hponnaiakf: "Cucpcu1u4t1cct na umymcnnux n 1cnc. cnn
umymcnnc nvcc1 gupvy, na 41u a1a gupva uuxuxa?". (Knuonf moxof
ofnofufi, nahpumop, nfo omymonuo umoof kpyinyk qopmy.) 3afom
hcuxofopahonf sanaof cnonykmuu nohpoc: "cnn umymcnnc nvcc1 pai-
vcp, kakun un?" Knuonf moxof ofnofufi, nfo omymonuo pasmopom c
nnoko. Icuxofopahonf hpononxaof sananafi nohpocw o unofo, fomhopa-
Ji5
fypo, qakfypo u snyko, cnnsannwx c omymonuom n fono. 3ananan noh-
poc o cnnsannom c omymonuom snyko, knuonfy hponnaiakf hpocfo of-
mofufi, nwcokuu fo snyk unu nuskuu, fak kak hpu hohwfkax nochpo-
usnocfu snyk nokofopwo nknu moiyf uchwfwnafi honwmonuo fpo-
noxnocfu.
Ionynun ofnofw na fu nohpocw, hcuxofopahonf chpamunaof: "Ka-
ku unc1 ni nnvux navn accuunnpyc1cu y nac c ncucncnncv?" ax-
no, nfow hcuxofopahonf hpunnn ofnof knuonfa, naxo ocnu ynof na-
snan fof xo unof, kofopwu knuonf uspan nnn ohucanun omymonun n
fono. fom cnynao hauuonfy nooxonumo hponnoxufi nasnafi omo onun
unof. Iocno ohponononun unofa hcuxofopahonf hpononxaof hpouonypy:
"Hpcc1ant1c, 41u ny4 upcuu4n1acvuru navn unc1a upu-
nnkac1 n rununy n pacupuc1panuc1cu uu nccvy 1cny. Hc1u4nnk
a1uru cnc1a - kucvuc, cavuc urpuvnuc ni nccru, 41u nu vuxc1c
upcc1ann1t. 1oem ycmpemanemcn o meao, nponu1mouem eeo,
oubpupyem o nem. Xoe0u smo npoucxo0um, uuu u1mennmmcn
qopmu, pu1mep u oem oyenun?
cnu knuonf ofmonaof, nfo usmononun noucfnufonino hpoucxonnf,
hcuxofopahonf hpononxaof honfopnfi nwnononnwo kypcunom cnona, hoka
qopma omymonun honnocfik no usmonufcn, cfanonnci hpospannou,
usmonnn unof unu honnopianci unwm fpancqopmauunm. Hsmononun n
opasax ownno cnnsanw c ucnosnononuom nwswnakmux ochokoucfno
omymonuu. cnu no hpoucxonuf nukakux usmononuu hocno nfopou
hohwfku (knuonf moxof ckasafi: Hunoio no hpoucxonuf, a cnof of-
fankunaofcn of mooio fona), fo nof cmwcna hpononxafi hpumonnfi fy
foxnuky u cnonyof hohpoonafi nfo-fo unoo.
Iocno foio kak omymonun, cohponoxnakmuo hponnnonun ochoko-
nmoio mafopuana paccounakfcn, hcuxofopahonfy cnonyof hpononxufi
hpouonypy, hpousnocn monnonnwm ychokaunakmum ionocom:
"Hu vcpc 1uru kak cnc1 upuunxac1 upunnka1t n vakym-
ky, uuinunt1c cvy vurku n ci ycnnnu iauunnn1t rununy. 3a-
1cv uyc1t un uuyc1n1cu 4cpci mc n unc4n n pykn u cavux
kun4nkun uantucn. Hyc1t cnc1 4cpci mc upunnknc1 n 1ynu-
nnmc - ncrku n ci ycnnn, - a uu1uv 4cpci urunuu uuc1
n nurn n antmc, k c1yunuv".
Koina hcuxofopahonf ynunuf, nfo knuonf nocfui honnou ponakca-
uuu, omy cnonyof hponocfu hosufunnoo nnymonuo, nnn foio nfow co-
cfonnuo ymupofnoponun u hokon coxpanunoci no cnonykmoio coanca.
Ji6
3afom ho cnofy of onnoio no hnfu knuonfy hponnaiakf hocfohonno hpo-
ynuficn, nosnpamanci n ownnoo cocfonnuo.
Bepmuuuaonme 0ouenun eau1
Hfow sakonnufi nosanopmonnwu coanc, hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo
hponnoxufi knuonfy conopmafi nopfukaninwo nnuxonun inas (kofopwo,
cynn ho ncomy, camu ho coo cosnakf ychokoufoninwu qqokf), iono-
pn hpu fom ychokaunakmum ionocom: A cc4ac vu vuxcv u1nuxn1t
ncc a1u u cncymcru ccanca" unu "Tcucpt vuxnu iau1t uu nccv
a1uv". 3afom moxno hopoxonufi k hpumononuk foxnuku cosnanun o-
pasa osohacnoio mocfa unu foxnuku cnofonoio hofoka, nfow ycunufi
cocfonnuo hokon. Moxno sanafi cnonykmuu nohpoc: "H1u ni 1uru, 4cvy
nu nay4nnnct ccrunu, kaxc1cu nanuncc uuncinuv?" Ofnof knuonfa
safom uchonisyofcn kak honoxufoninoo camohponcfannonuo hpu nw-
honnonuu nopfukaninwx nnuxonuu inas. Ofo chococfnyof ycunonuk
nyncfna nocfuxonun ychoxa, fak xo kak u honwmonuo snanumocfu ho-
noxufoninoio camohponcfannonun.
Ocyxcnnc n uucnka ciuuacnuc1n
no sanucumocfu of foio, hpumonnnuci nu nnn sanopmonun coanca
fo unu unwo qopmw iuhnosa, nahpannnomoio noopaxonun unu unwx
hpouonyp, hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo hponocfu ocyxnonuo. Knuon-
fy cnonyof oncnufi, nfo nno sanucumocfu of foio, nfo ynof hpouc-
xonufi na hpofnxonuu cnonykmou nononu, omy nooxonumo hpononxafi
sahucu n nnonnuko u os konoanuu snonufi hcuxofopahonfy hpu nos-
nuknononuu cuninoio ochokoucfna.
no sanucumocfu of nosnukakmux noynocfn knuonfy, no choco-
nomy hocno coanca nocfu mamuny, nonisn hokunafi kaunof hcuxofo-
pahonfa no fox hop, hoka no ynof naunon unou choco nocfanufi oio
nomou. Iauuonfy, nochpuumnunomy k iuhnosy, nnn hopoknknonun
nocfafonno hpocfo hponnoxufi cocponofonuficn na cfyhnnx noi unu
hponcfanufi hponon, coonunnkmuu oio hosnononnuk c uonfpom som-
noio mapa. konuo kaxnoio coanca ncoina nooxonumo ynonnfi npomn
ouonko choconocfu knuonfa noucfnonafi, no cosnanan ohacnocfu nnn
con u npyiux. Cnonyof honcnufi u fo, nfo foxnuku nusyanusauuu,
hpumonnomwo nnn sanopmonun coanca, moiyf camu ho coo nwswnafi
npomonnyk nosopuonfauuk.
Ji?
H1urn n nunuu
Icuxofopahonfam nooxonumo xopomo opuonfuponaficn n uchoniso-
nanuu cfannapfnou hpouonypw II kak ocnonw nnn pasnunnwx napu-
anfon hpumononun fou foxnuku. Ipu fom naxno hponnnnfi iukocfi,
fak kak hpu nononuu konkpofnoio knuonfa moxof honnuficn nooxo-
numocfi nnocfu usmononun n fy hpouonypy. Icuxofopahonfy ncoina
nooxonumo wfi iofonwm hponocfu honfopnyk hopopaofky nkoio
ofnocnmoiocn k nony mafopuana, nfow ohpononufi, hponnunuci nu
nohonnufoninwo accouuafunnwo kananw hamnfu, nyxnakmuocn n ho-
popaofko.
Co cfanuu hopoouonku nanunaofcn kaxnwu nonwu coanc, u fa cfa-
nun hponhonaiaof hpumononuo chouuqunockoio hpofokona. nn konk-
pofnoio knuonfa moxof hofpoonaficn pasnunnoo konunocfno hpofoko-
non, kak cfannapfnwx, fak u chouuanusuponannwx. Cfannapfnwu
hpofokon us fpox fahon, ohucannwu n inano 8, oochonunaof ucnop-
hwnakmyk hopopaofky nnn onimuncfna fpanmafunockux cnynaon. io
hpumononuo moxof wfi nooxonumo, koina knuonf hponnnnof honnyk
cumhfomafuky hocffpanmafunockoio cunnpoma. ohonnufoninwo hpo-
fokonw, ohucwnaomwo n nannou inano, ownno uchonisyofcn n coonu-
nonuu co cfannapfnwm.
Ipumononuo II k nochomunanuk o ocnonnou fpanmo nknkna-
of n con uspanuo hponmofom nosnoucfnun u hopopaofky ncox hponn-
nonuu fpanmafunockoio cowfun, fak xo kak u cnnsannwx c numu nw-
nomnux pasnpaxufonou. Opamonuo k chouuqunockomy nucqynkuuo-
naninomy honononuk u oio hopopaofka nooxonumw fakxo nnn unkop-
hopuponanun honoxufoninoio hpumopa ynymux noucfnuu.
Ipouonypa II us onunnanuafu cfanuu moxof hpumonnficn hpak-
funocku ko ncom uonnm. 1panmafunockuo cowfun, cnynunmuocn na
hpofnxonuu hocnonnux nnyx mocnuon, moiyf honnopiaficn nononuk c
homomik hpofokona nnn nonannoio fpanmafunockoio cowfun. cnu
cfannapfnwu hpofokon uchonisyofcn nnn nononun fpanm nannocfik
monoo fpox mocnuon u hpu fom no hpoucxonuf ionopanusauun hcuxofo-
pahonfunockoio qqokfa, nooxonumo hpumonufi hpofokon nnn nonan-
nux cowfuu.
cnynao hauuonfon c qounmu cnonyof fmafonino paccmofpofi
nosmoxnocfi nanunun ponfnwx ycfanonok. Ofu hauuonfw nonxnw wfi
oynonw hpouonypam camokonfponn nnn connananun c nkwmu hponn-
nonunmu nohponnunonnwx ochokoucfn.
Ipofokon nnn paofw c qounmu, nwsnannwmu nockonikumu fpan-
mafunockumu cowfunmu, nonxon nknknafi n con honoxufoninwo
hpumopw u wfi nahpannonnwm na fponoxnwo hponnyncfnun, c kofo-
pwmu ownno cfankunakfcn xopfnw hpouoccyaninwx qouu. ononuo
sahucou n nnonnuko nooxonumo nnn ohponononun oycnonnunakmux
nwnomnux cfumynon, nyxnakmuxcn n hopopaofko.
ononuo hopoxunakmux ocfpoo iopo knuonfon hokaswnaof, nfo, xofn
hopuon onosnonnoio nyncfna yfpafw nnnnofcn ocfocfnonnwm cnoncfnuom
cmopfu nuskoio nononoka, n fom cnynao, ocnu fof hopuon safniuna-
ofcn u ocfpofa iopn no cnuxaofcn, nwswnan hocfonnnwo cfpananun, fo
moxof hpunonufi k nokuponanuk cofu hamnfu, n posynifafo noio y
knuonfa ynyf nosnukafi numi ochokonmuo nochomunanun.
Ipofokon nnn cnynaon comafunockux napymonuu nknknaof n con
paofy c noopaxonuom, hononyk hponnoxonnou cyhpyiamu Caumon-
fon, c opamonuom k nochomunanunm, nwswnakmum ochokoucfno,
nwnomnum cufyauunm u k ynymum cowfunmu, n fom nucno k hpumo-
pam ynymux noucfnuu, ofnocnmuxcn k snoponik u naiohonynuk knu-
onfa. cnu hpumononuo monuuunckux qopm nononun no hnanupyofcn,
II moxof oochonufi xopomuo posynifafw hpu uchonisonanuu fou
foxnuku coinacno hpunuuham hcuxonoupoummynonoiuu (CousIns, i8).
Camocfonfonino nwhonnnomwo nnuxonun inas no moiyf samonufi
honnwu kypc II-hcuxofopahuu. Ofpoaiuponanuo, cnnsannoo c fpan-
mafunockum mafopuanom, moxof momafi camocfonfoninomy nwhonno-
nuk knuonfom nnuxonuu inas na hpofnxonuu npomonu, nooxonumoio
nnn sanopmonun hopopaofku. Onnako hocno sanopmonun hopnunnou
hcuxofopahuu fakan camocfonfoninan paofa moxof okasaficn nocima
honosnou, nohonnnn foxnuku camokonfponn, nocfyhnwo knuonfy.
Ipouonypw camokonfponn moiyf hpumonnficn nnn okonnanun nosanop-
monnoio coanca, u knuonf moxof uchonisonafi fu foxnuku camocfon-
fonino nnn ycfpanonun hponnnonuu ochokoucfna, nosnukakmux mox-
ny coancamu. 1oxnuka cnofonoio hofoka, a fakxo camocfonfonino
nwhonnnomwo nnuxonun inas nocima honosnw kak nnn cnnfun onu, fak
u nnn ocnanonun cfpocca n uonom. Iponononuo sanopmakmoio ocyx-
nonun u hpunnfuo mop ho oochononuk osohacnocfu knuonfa onsa-
foninw n fom cnynao, ocnu fu hpouonypw uchonisykfcn nnn sanopmo-
nun coanca.
Ji
10. KOHHTH8HO 83AHMOHHTHH:
CTHMYHYKUAR CTATHR
R A6OTb C TYHbMH KHHTAMH
Koina fw ynomi unfu ho hyfu xusnu, on-
naxnw hopon foou ofkpoofcn hpohacfi. Ipw-
iau. Ona no cfoni nonuka, kak foo kaxofcn.
H: opn0u un0euueo leoepnou A+epuiu
Koinufunnoo nsaumohopohnofonuo fo ocoan qopma foxnuku
II, chouuanino paspaofannan nnn nauonoo fpynnwx knuonfon c
nwcokou cfohonik ochokoucfna. 1akuo knuonfw nacfo hohanakf n
koinufunnyk u mouuonaninyk mopfnyk hofnk, no honnananci own-
nomy nosnoucfnuk c homomik II. C uonik pasnufun onoo hponnu-
nyfou cfumynupykmou cfpafoiuu n opafunaci k knununockou npuc-
fuko, hponnaiaomou mononik ykoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu.
Iaspaofannwu choco nosnoucfnun oochonunaof ckankoopasnoo na-
nano hopopaofku sanokuponannou unqopmauuu, nfo nocfuiaofcn hy-
fom namoponnoio nnononun hcuxofopahonfom ohponononnoio fpanmafu-
nockoio mafopuana, no oxunan, hoka knuonf cam oio hponnuf. H
uchonisyk cnono o:uu+onepen:emenue, fak kak fof honxon hponyc-
mafpunaof, nfo hcuxofopahonf hponnaiaof knuonfy ohponononnwo nw-
ckaswnanun, kofopwo nsaumocnnswnakfcn, hopohnofakfcn c coofnof-
cfnykmumu accouuauunmu u noupocofnmu.
bonimuncfno knuonfon, nnn kofopwx xapakfopnw ocoonno cnox-
nwo qopmw hcuxohafonoiuu, noucfnufonino nyxnakfcn n hpumononuu
koinufunnoio nsaumohopohnofonun. Ownno mnoiuo us nux xapakfopu-
sykfcn paccfpoucfnamu nunnocfu, nuccouuafunnwmu paccfpoucfnamu,
mnoiokpafnwmu fpanmamu u nonocfafonnwm yponnom omou opasonan-
nocfu.
Xofn honxonw, hpumonnomwo hpu sanokuponannocfu hopopaofku,
ohucannwo n inano ?, hponnaiakf knuonfam cocponofonunaficn nohoc-
poncfnonno na nosnukakmom fpanmafunockom mafopuano, npomonamu
foio wnaof nonocfafonno nnn paspomonun nucqynkuuonaninoio ma-
fopuana. fakom cnynao hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo hpumonnfi koi-
nufunnoo nsaumohopohnofonuo nnn nnononun nonou unqopmauuu u of-
kpwfun hopon knuonfom nonou hopchokfunw. Onnako cnonyof homnufi,
J2O
nfo koinufunnoo nsaumohopohnofonuo hpumonnofcn fakum opasom,
nfow unqopmauuonno-hopopaafwnakman cucfoma knuonfa moina
hpononafi paofy, nooxonumyk nnn honnou unfoipauuu fpanmafunoc-
kou unqopmauuu.
Koinufunnoo nsaumohopohnofonuo cnonyof hpumonnfi n fox cnynanx,
koina chonfannou hopopaofku okaswnaofcn nonocfafonno nnn nocfu-
xonun hcuxofopahonfunockux uonou. Knuonfw moiyf nyxnaficn n cfu-
mynuponanuu hopopaofku n cnonykmux cufyauunx.
i. Mepmoun nem:n. Iocno nwhonnonun hocnononafoninwx copuu
nnuxonuu inas y knuonfa coxpannofcn nwcokuu ypononi ochokoucfna
c honfopnkmumucn ofpuuafoninwmu mwcnnmu, mouunmu u opasamu.
Iopopaofka ocfaofcn sanokuponannou naxo hocno foio, kak hcuxo-
fopahonf uchonisyof nohonnufoninwo napuanfw II, ohucannwo n
inano ?.
2. He0ocmumounocmi unqop+uuuu. Opasonafoninwu ypononi knuonfa
unu oio xusnonnwu ohwf no oochonunakf omy nocfafonnoo konuno-
cfno unqopmauuu nnn nocfuxonun koinufunnoio unu honononnockoio
hpoipocca.
J. He0ocmumounun eenepu:u:uuun. Knuonf nocfuiaof onoo honoxu-
foninoio mouuonaninoio hnafo unu camohponcfannonun ho ofnomonuk
k onnou us uonou, no ionopanusauuu u hoponoconun foio qqokfa na
nohonnufoninwo uonu no hpoucxonuf.
4. Vuimop ope+enu. Hnoina coanc honxonuf k konuy, a knuonf nco
omo naxonufcn n hpouocco ofpoaiuponanun; n unwx cnynanx hpouocc
ofpoaiuponanun fopmosufcn u hpoucxonuf nonocfafonno qqokfunno unu
cama uoni okaswnaofcn mnoiocfoponnou u cocfouf us pnna ofpuuafoni-
nwx hponcfannonuu (u, coofnofcfnonno, nnn oo hopopaofku fpoyofcn
onimo npomonu, nom ocfaofcn no konua coanca).
Iponnunyfan cfumynupykman cfpafoiun II namoponno hopohno-
faof ucxonnmoo of hcuxofopahonfa yfnopxnonuo c mafopuanom, honn-
nnkmumcn n hpouocco hcuxofopahuu y camoio knuonfa, u no opuonfu-
pyofcn foniko na chonfanno nosnukakmuo posynifafw hopopaofku.
Xofn fakou honxon moxof wfi nposnwnauno qqokfunnwm, oio no
cnonyof hpumonnfi ononi nacfo, fak kak nauonoo cuninwo usmononun
y knuonfa honfu ncoina ucxonnf usnyfpu, a no nwswnakfcn nnomnum
nosnoucfnuom. bonoo foio, koina knuonf nunuf, nfo ocnonnwo uncau-
fw u usmononun n cosnanuu cnnsanw c oio cocfnonnwmu nnyfponnu-
mu hpouoccamu, y noio snanufonino honwmaofcn nyncfno cocfnonno-
io nocfouncfna.
Ipoxno nom hpuoiafi k koinufunnomy nsaumohopohnofonuk noo-
xonumo ohpononufi, cnnsano nu nokuponanuo hpouocca hopopaofku
c nonocfafonnwm hpumononuom fox unu unwx qopm nononun, ohucan-
J2i
nwx n hponwnymux inanax. Ofo moxof wfi nonocfafonnoo nnumanuo k
hofponocfu knuonfa nyncfnonafi con osohacno n hpucyfcfnuu hcu-
xofopahonfa nuo nonocfafonnoo honumanuo camum knuonfom foio, kak
hpoucxonuf hopopaofka no npomn II (nahpumop, nooxonumocfi
ofmonafi ncnkuu nosnukakmuu hpu hopopaofko mafopuan, no hpu fom
no okaswnafi omy cohpofunnonun). Kpomo foio, hcuxofopahonfy noo-
xonumo yonuficn, nfo ofcyfcfnykf momakmuo hcuxofopahuu ponfnwo
ycfanonku nuo nwnomnuo qakfopw, opamonuo k kofopwm nonxno
wfi hponycmofpono n hopnyk onoponi hpu paspaofko hnana nononun;
a fakxo ynocfonopuficn n fom, nfo y knuonfa nof kakux-nuo sanoku-
ponannwx yoxnonuu, momakmux hcuxofopahuu. co fo moxof nw-
swnafi qqokf mopfnou hofnu, koina hpouocc nnuxofcn ho samkny-
fomy kpyiy, no nocfuian nooxonumoio paspomonun.
nannou inano mw uccnonyom chocow cfumynuponanun sanoku-
ponannou hopopaofku. Ipu uchonisonanuu koinufunnoio nsaumoho-
pohnofonun hpanuninwu nwop hponmofa nosnoucfnun u honxonnmoio
npomonu ocoonno naxnw nnn ychoxa hcuxofopahuu. Iofomy omo pas
ynof nan kpafkuu osop ocnonnwx unou namou foopofunockou mono-
nu, nfow ocnoxufi ux n hamnfu u usoxafi nnunnun cfapwx hpunwn-
nwx honxonon pasionopnou hcuxofopahuu. Icuxofopahonfy cnonyof
nmomunaficn n xon cowfuu foniko n fom cnynao, koina fo noucfnu-
fonino nooxonumo, u oio nmomafonicfno nonxno wfi ho nosmoxno-
cfu makcumanino kpafkum.
Ocnunnau ncu kurnn1nnnuru nianvuucpcunc1cnnu
Mononi yckoponnou hopopaofku unqopmauuu ofmonaof, nfo nuc-
qynkuuonaninwu mafopuan xpanufcn n coofnofcfnykmou noupocofu n
chouuqunockou qopmo, oycnonnonnou fom cocfonnuom, koina hpouc-
xonuno fpanmafunockoo cowfuo. Iofomy n kaxnou us noupocofou
hpoonanaof mouuonaninoo u koinufunnoo conopxanuo foio unu uno-
io fpanmafunockoio cowfun, oycnonnonnoo cocfonnuom, n kofopom
knuonf naxonuncn n momonf honynonun fpanmw. cnynao nofckou fpan-
mw nochomunanuo ofpaxaof muponochpunfuo poonka fo mouuonani-
noo u koinufunnoo honumanuo hpoucxonnmoio, kofopoo wno nocfui-
nyfo poonkom n momonf fpanmafunockoio cowfun, xpannmoocn n oyc-
nonnonnou cocfonnuom qopmo. 1akan unqopmauun okaswnaofcn usonu-
ponannou of onoo hosnnux anahfunnwx unfophpofauuu u of ohwfa,
honynonnoio knuonfom. Xofn hcuxohafonoiuk moxno paccmafpunafi kak
cnooio pona hocnoncfnuo nannsnunwx achokfon cnnsannoio c hpomnwm
nucqynkuuonaninoio mafopuana, knuonf uchwfwnaof hofponocfi n
hcuxofopahonfunockou homomu, nyncfnyn nooxonumocfi usmonufi nfo-
fo n nacfonmom. 1akoo onoo anahfunnoo ofnomonuo k nooxonumocfu
J22
usmononun moxof paccmafpunaficn kak posynifaf accumunnuuu onoo
hosnnou unqopmauuu u onoo anoknafnwx, qynkuuonaninwx ouonok
fpanmafunockoio cowfun, conopxamuxcn n unou noupocofu, cnnsan-
nou c nwnomnum muponochpunfuom nspocnoio nononoka.
posynifafo coanca II ownno nosnukaof cnnsi moxny nnymn
noupocofnmu, accumunnuun onosnonnoio mafopuana n onoo anoknaf-
nou hopchokfuno (f.o. honumanuo, nfo on ofnocufcn k hpomnomy, a
no k nacfonmomy), a fakxo cnuxonuo mouuonaninoio sapnna nucqyn-
kuuonaninocfu, nfo nocfuiaofcn hyfom pachpocfpanonun anahfunnoio
hponcfannonun na noci mafopuan, xpanunmuucn no foio n usonuponan-
nou qopmo. Iocno hcuxofopahuu knuonf hpuopofaof nosmoxnocfi
usmonufi ofnomonuo k pannum nochomunanunm, kofopwo fohopi hon-
nocfik unfoipuponanw n onoo anahfunnyk hopchokfuny. C opofonu-
om nonou hopchokfunw hpuxonuf u choconocfi noucfnonafi onoo anok-
nafno u qqokfunno.
Ha hpofnxonuu onimou nacfu coancon II anahfunnan hopopa-
ofka unqopmauuu moxof paccmafpunaficn kak chonfannoo coonuno-
nuo coofnofcfnykmux noupocofou. Opasno ionopn, hoosn nnuxofcn
cnoum hyfom of onnou cfanuuu (hcuxofopahonfunocku anahfunnoo hna-
fo) k npyiou. Onnako koina hopopaofka nokupyofcn, hcuxofopahonf
moxof uchonisonafi koinufunnoo nsaumohopohnofonuo kak cnooio pona
hpoknanwnanuo nonoio hyfu, cnnswnakmoio coofnofcfnykmuo noupo-
cofu. 1akoo cnnswnanuo nnyx noupocofou nohonnnofcn cfumynuponanuom
yxo cymocfnykmux ysnonwx fonok nuo nnononuom n cucfomy nonou
unqopmauuu.
C homomik koinufunnoio nsaumohopohnofonun hcuxofopahonf hw-
faofcn usmonufi muponochpunfuo knuonfa na onoo nspocnoo u anahfun-
noo. Koina knuonf koinufunno hpusnan nnn con camy nosmoxnocfi
fakou anahfunnou hopchokfunw, hcuxofopahonf nanunaof hpononufi
copuu nnuxonuu inas nnn cosnanun coofnofcfnykmou cnnsu moxny nou-
pocofik, conopxamou nucqynkuuonaninwu mafopuan, u noupocofik,
conopxamou honoxufoninyk hopchokfuny. 3afom, ocnu ocfi npomn,
hcuxofopahonf hosnonnof knuonfy nopnyficn k chonfannou hopopaof-
ko hyfom nwhonnonun hocnononafoninwx nnuxonuu inas os uchoniso-
nanun koinufunnoio nsaumohopohnofonun.
O1nc1c1ncnnuc1t, ciuuacnuc1t
n nuivuxnuc1t nuupa
nn ychomnoio hpumononun koinufunnoio nsaumohopohnofonun
nooxonumo fonno ohpononufi honxonnmuu momonf u hocnononafoni-
nocfi mop nnn cfumynupykmoio nosnoucfnun. C uonik cfumynuponanun
J2J
sanokuponannou hopopaofku hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo hponnaiafi
knuonfy namoponno nonafi fo, nfo nonxno wno w hpoucxonufi chon-
fanno. Kak hpanuno, no npomn coancon II knuonfw no hopoxonnf
minononno of ofpuuafoninwx mouuu u hponcfannonuu k honoxufoni-
nwm. Ckopoo moxno ckasafi, nfo ho mopo hocnononafoninou unfoipa-
uuu anahfunnoio mafopuana hpoucxonuf monnonnoo hpoopasonanuo
unqopmauuu. Icuxofopahonfw cmoiyf hpumonnfi koinufunnoo nsaumo-
hopohnofonuo c onimou honisou n fom cnynao, ocnu onu ynyf ocosna-
nafi nosmoxnwo hocnoncfnun u cmoiyf hocfohonno hponnaiafi nonwo
anahfunnwo hopchokfunw, honono fomy, kak fu hopchokfunw chon-
fanno nosnukakf hpu ocfocfnonnom hpouocco ucuononun.
nannom pasnono mw uchonisyom hpumopw us paofw c knuonfa-
mu, hopoxunmumu fpanmy u ownno cfankunakmumucn c fpomn ocnon-
nwmu hponomamu ofnofcfnonnocfik, osohacnocfik u nwopom.
1wcnnu hponononnwx coancon II hokaswnakf, nfo hopopaofka fux
fpox hponom, hpoucxonnman, kak hpanuno, umonno n fakom hopnn-
ko, nnnnofcn noofomnomou nacfik ychomnoio nononun. o npomn ho-
popaofku knuonf moxof chonfanno hpoxonufi nopos fpu koinufunnwx
u mouuonaninwx hnafo (noanoknafnoo nyncfno nunw, nonocfafonnan
osohacnocfi u cocfonnuo osnanoxnocfu), nocfuian onoo nspocnoio
u ypannonomonnoio muponochpunfun. Icuxofopahonfy nooxonumo
nnumafonino nanknafi sa hpouoccom, koina y knuonfa hpoucxonuf
hocfohonnwu hopoxon of ofpuuafoninoio camohponcfannonun H hno-
xou nononok unu Mno nooxonumo cnonafi nfo-fo c coou k hono-
xufoninomy hponcfannonuk H xopomuu nononok unu H cnonan nyn-
moo us foio, nfo moi. Hnoina nyncfno cfpaxa u nonocfafka osohac-
nocfu moxof hponpafufi ofpuuafoninoo hponcfannonuo H n ohacnoc-
fu n honoxufoninoo (co hosanu; counac n n honnou osohacnocfu).
Ynoponnocfi knuonfa n cnoou choconocfu cnonafi n ynymom nooxo-
numwu nwop moxof ofpasuficn n usmononuu hponcfannonun H no
konfponupyk xon cowfuu na bynynu nspocnwm nononokom, n cou-
nac moiyf nonafi nkou nwop unu H konfponupyk con. fom
cnynao, ocnu usmononun no hpoucxonnf chonfanno, koinufunnoo nsa-
umohopohnofonuo naof knuonfy nosmoxnocfi nocfuni coofnofcfnykmo-
io hnafo. anoo mw paccmofpum, kak paofaof fa foxnuka.
Koinufunnoo nsaumohopohnofonuo ocoonno honosno hpumonnfi n
cnynao nosnuknononun hponom ofnofcfnonnocfu, osohacnocfu u cno-
onw nwopa n fom hopnnko, kak onu usnoxonw snoci, nfo moxof
n snanufoninou cfohonu yckopufi nononuo nannux mouuonaninwx
fpanm. Ocnonnan uoni homoni knuonfam hpunnfi na con coofnofcfny-
kmyk cfohoni ofnofcfnonnocfu, a fakxo ofpocufi nyncfno nunw,
cnuxakmoo camoynaxonuo u nyncfno cocfnonnou qqokfunnocfu.
Koina fu uonu nocfuinyfw, knuonfy noino hpusnafi, nfo omy onimo
J24
nunoio no yipoxaof u on moxof os ohacnocfu nnn con hpunumafi po-
monun kak n nacfonmom, fak u n ynymom.
Hahpumop, knuonfka, honnopimancn cokcyaninomy nacunuk co cfo-
ponw cnooio nnnu, hpu opamonuu k fomy nochomunanuk hpononxa-
of uchwfwnafi unfoncunnoo nyncfno cfpaxa u nunw. Xofn counac ou
okono fpunuafu nof, ona nyncfnyof con fak xo, kak u foina, koina wna
poonkom u no moina nu nwufu us fou cufyauuu, nu honynufi noo-
xonumyk homomi. cnu hopopaofka no nwswnaof usmononuu fux
nyncfn, cnonyof hpumonufi koinufunnoo nsaumohopohnofonuo. Icuxo-
fopahonf ynof hwfaficn nwsnafi y knuonfku ocosnanuo nosmoxnocfu
onoo qynkuuonaninoio u anahfunnoio ofnomonun, sananan ou nohpo-
cw (nahpumop, Kfo ofnofcfnonon sa fo) unu hponnaian coofnofcfny-
kmyk unqopmauuk, nfow fakum opasom hpunocfu oo k hpunnfuk
nooxonumou cfohonu ofnofcfnonnocfu. 1ak, koina knuonfka hpunnna
pomonuo hycfi nnanano numi nnn kchopumonfa, nfo hpoucmonmom
fpanmafunockom cowfuu nunonon nacuninuk (unu, ho kpaunou mopo,
nfo no cama knuonfka ofnofcfnonna sa cnynunmoocn), hcuxofopahonf
nanan hpononufi nohonnufoninwo nnuxonun inas, hponnoxun ou hpo-
cfo nymafi o fom. Ofo cohponoxnanoci chonfannou hopopaofkou,
hpoopasykmou mouuonaninwu aqqokf of nyncfna cfpaxa u nunw k
ofnpamonuk u inony, nahpannonnwm na opas nacuninuka.
anoo mw hpunonom qpaimonf cfonoipammw hcuxofopahonfunockoio
coanca, n kofopom knuonfka, o kofopou mw yxo yhomunanu, hopopa-
afwnana nochomunanuo o cokcyaninom nacunuu. Ofou knuonfku fak-
xo nohyckan n oo anpoc noanoknafnwo samonanun cokcyaninoio xapak-
fopa na hpofnxonuu onimou nacfu oo xusnu, u fof qakfop wn
cocfannou nacfik hcuxonoiunockou fpanmw. Cfonoipamma hokaswnaof
cfanuu ouonku u ohponononun hponmofa, cohponoxnakmuocn koinufun-
nwm nsaumohopohnofonuom, homoiakmum hpoononofi nok.
1cuxomepuneom. Hfak, y nac ocfi nna nochomunanun, cnnsannwo c
opasom nnnu. Koina nw nymaofo o nom counac, kakoo us fux nocho-
munanuu nwswnaof y nac onimoo ochokoucfno
X:uenmiu. bonoo npkoo.
1cuxomepuneom. Ohumufo oio xofn w kpafko.
X:uenmiu. Ofo nochomunanuo o fom, kak on honanun monn na kpo-
nafi u hwfancn ncfanufi nfo-fo, moxof wfi, hanou, moxny mou-
mu nionuuamu.
1cuxomepuneom. Xopomo. Counac, koina nw ynopxunaofo n cosna-
nuu fo nochomunanuo, ofmofifo ofpuuafoninwo yoxnonun, cnnsan-
nwo c num, moxof wfi, y nac ocfi kakan-fo noiafunnan ouonka,
kofopyk nw ofnocufo k coo.
X:uenmiu. a, ocfi. H hnoxou nononok.
J25
|Ofo hponcfannonuo ofpaxaof fomy, omyk nnn ncox xopfn cokcyani-
noio nacunun.|
1cuxomepuneom. cnu w nw usmonunu fo hponcfannonuo, nfo w
nam xofonoci honynufi nsamon
X:uenmiu. Ocosnafi, nfo fo no mon nuna.
1cuxomepuneom. H, nanopnoo, nfo H xopomuu nononok
|Icuxofopahonf hponnaiaof usmonufi hponcfannonuo n honoxufoni-
nyk cfopony.|
X:uenmiu. a, nfo n xopomuu nononok u nfo n counac n osohacnocfu.
1cuxomepuneom. cnu nw ynofo ynopxunafi n cosnanuu nochomuna-
nuo u cnona: H xopomuu nononok, counac n n honnou osohacnocfu,
nackoniko ucfunnou ynof nnn nac fa ouonka, of i anna (honno-
cfik no coofnofcfnyof) no ? (honnocfik coofnofcfnyof)
X:uenmiu. Okono 4 annon.
1cuxomepuneom. Xopomo. cnu nw noanufo k kapfuno nochomuna-
nun camohponcfannonuo H hnoxou nononok, kakuo mouuu nosnuka-
kf y nac
X:uenmiu. Hyncfno yxaca.
1cuxomepuneom. Kak w nw ouonunu fo nyncfno of O (noufpani-
noo cocfonnuo) no iO (camoo xynmoo us foio, nfo nw moxofo hponcfa-
nufi)
X:uenmiu. Okono unu iO.
1cuxomepuneom. Ino nw nyncfnyofo fo n fono
X:uenmiu. onacfu noikux.
|3afom, hocno foio kak hopnonananinoo nochomunanuo wno samo-
mono mwcnnmu o safpynnonunx knuonfku n ofnomonunx c myxnunamu,
hopopaofka hpuocfanonunaci. cnonykmom qpaimonfo cfonoipammw
knuonfka ionopuf o fom, kak ona wna ynuxona cnoum wnmum nk-
onnukom u no umona nosmoxnocfu nwpasufi cnou inon.|
1cuxomepuneom. Hfo nw honynunu n posynifafo
X:uenmiu. H onunnk con sa fo, nfo nwpana fakoio myxnuny.
1cuxomepuneom. Xopomo. A kfo ofnofcfnonon sa fo, nfo nw no wnu
choconw nwpasufi cnou inon H sa fo, nfo nw nwpanu coo foio
myxnuny
|Icuxofopahonf uchonisyof koinufunnoo nsaumohopohnofonuo, nfow
opafuficn n hponomo ofnofcfnonnocfu, sananan nohpoc, unonfuqu-
uupykmuu nna pona safpynnonuu knuonfku.|
J26
X:uenmiu. Mou nnnn.
1cuxomepuneom. Cocponofonifoci na fou mwcnu (npooo0um cepuu
0ouenuu e:u:).
X:uenmiu. H mou ofou foxo.
1cuxomepuneom. (1pooo0um cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:). Hfo nosnukaof y
nac counac
X:uenmiu. H nyncfnyk nokofopyk cfocnonnocfi n ionono; copnuo
iofcn nomnoio ynamonno.
1cuxomepuneom. Cocponofonifoci na fom nyncfno (npooo0um cepuu
0ouenuu e:u:). Hfo nw counac nyncfnyofo
X:uenmiu. Ofumu myxnunamu wnu mou ofou u nnnn.
1cuxomepuneom. Cocponofonifoci na fom (npooo0um cepuu 0oue-
nuu e:u:). Hfo nw counac nyncfnyofo
X:uenmiu. Mwcnu o moou comio, ino ncoina cnufanu monn xopfnou
us-sa fux cnynaon nacunun.
1cuxomepuneom. Ino nw nyncfnyofo fo
X:uenmiu. osno.
1cuxomepuneom. Cocponofonifoci na fom (npooo0um cepuu 0oue-
nuu e:u:). Hfo nw nyncfnyofo
X:uenmiu. Koina-fo n cnufana, nfo hoxoxa na onaponafoninyk ku-
fauckyk kykny. Cnufana, nfo inannoo fo xopomo nwinnnofi. mo
nyncfno kakoio-fo yxaca u cfpaxa...
1cuxomepuneom. Cocponofonifoci na fom (npooo0um cepuu 0oue-
nuu e:u:). A counac nfo nw nyncfnyofo
X:uenmiu. cnynunmomcn nof moou nunw. 1ak nfo nukakan n no
hycfan ckopnyha u no xopfna.
1cuxomepuneom. Xopomo. Ynopxunaufo fo (npooo0um cepuu 0oue-
nuu e:u:). Hfo nosnukaof y nac counac
X:uenmiu. Moo copnuo cnona nanano ynamono uficn, u n nyncfnyk
nannonuo n ionono.
1cuxomepuneom. Ynopxunaufo fu nyncfna (npooo0um cepuu 0oue-
nuu e:u:). Hfo nw nyncfnyofo counac
X:uenmiu. Inon na nux sa fo, nfo wno. Onu hpononxakf nonafi
fo.
1cuxomepuneom. kakom cmwcno
X:uenmiu. Onu hpononxakf nochpunumafi monn foniko nopos mok
nnomnocfi, a no kak nononoka, kofopwm n na camom nono nnnnkci.
Iofomy oniman nacfi ncoio foio ocfanaci.
1cuxomepuneom. A kfo ofnofcfnonon sa fo
|Icuxofopahonf cnona uchonisyof koinufunnoo nsaumohopohnofonuo,
opamanci k hponomo ofnofcfnonnocfu.|
J2?
X:uenmiu. Onu u ofnofcfnonnw, kfo xo omo.
1cuxomepuneom. ymaufo o fom (npooo0um cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:).
|Ionnfno, nfo no poonok ofnofcfnonon sa nacunuo, conopmonnoo
nan num nspocnwm, u sa nco hocnoncfnun nacunun nuny nocof foniko
cam nacuninuk. Cnonafi fakou nwnon na mouuonaninom yponno fo
onun us hopnwx fahon hpouocca ucuononun. Koina hpouocc nokupy-
ofcn u y knuonfku nosnukaof qqokf mopfnou hofnu, hcuxofopahonf
homoiaof ou ycfanonufi koinufunnyk cnnsi, chococfnykmyk nooxo-
numou mouuonaninou accumunnuuu mafopuana, nfo hosnonnof hpouoccy
hpononxaficn.
ocfuinyn hopnoio hnafo anoknafnou ofnofcfnonnocfu c homomik
koinufunnoio nsaumohopohnofonun, knuonfka nanana ycfanannunafi
nohonnufoninwo koinufunnwo cnnsu. Iocnonykmuo hnafo osohacno-
cfu u cnoonw nwopa wnu nocfuinyfw chonfanno.|
X:uenmiu. Monn no hpunnokakf fakuo myxnunw, no mno no xonof-
cn wfi onunokou. Ho unoina n nymak, nfo mno cyxnono wfi c fa-
kum myxnunou, hofomy nfo unano mno hpunofcn ocfaficn onnou.
|Knuonfka sannnnof o cnoou hofponocfu n cnoono nwopa, noo-
xonumou nnn oochononun oo osohacnocfu.|
1cuxomepuneom. (1pooo0um 0:n i:uenmiu cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:). Hfo
nosnukaof y nac counac
X:uenmiu. Opasw moux npysou. Hyncfno osohacnocfu, cnnsannoo
c nkonik k num. Onu concom no fakuo, kak cknonnwo k nacunuk
nnonw moou comiu.
1cuxomepuneom. Xopomo (npooo0um 0:n i:uenmiu cepuu 0ouenuu
e:u:).
X:uenmiu. Onu nknf monn fakou, kak ocfi. co onu hpokpacnwo
nknu. H fo fak hpunfno.
|Knuonfka ocosnaof honosnocfi nnn con nosmoxnocfu nwopa.|
1cuxomepuneom. Cocponofonifoci na fom (npooo0um 0:n i:uenmiu
cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:).
|Knuonfka honfopno opamaofcn k uspannomy hponmofom nosnou-
cfnun nochomunanuk u nanunaof hponnnnfi nohonnufoninwo accouua-
uuu, cnnsannwo c unwmu achokfamu nucqynkuuonaninocfu. Hahpu-
mop, n ofnomonunx c myxnunamu ou ncoina hpuxonunoci cfankunaficn
co cknonnwmu k nacunuk nknimu. Ona cnufana, nfo cokcyanino hpu-
J28
nnokafonina foniko nnn myxnun napuuccunockoio cknana, kofopwo
hpununnnu ou oni. ochomunanun o cnonunonunx u nonnwx komma-
pax, ownno nknknanmux n con opas oo nnnu u ofua, wnu cnnsanw
c opasamu u npyiux myxnun, uchonnonnwx inona u cknonnwx k nacu-
nuk. Iockoniky nyncfno osohacnocfu knuonfku no honnocfik iono-
panusonanoci na accouuafunno cnnsannwu mafopuan, hcuxofopahonf
hpumonun omo onno koinufunnoo nsaumohopohnofonuo (homomakmoo
nochomunanun na ux mocfo n hpomnom) c uonik ycunufi nyncfno oso-
hacnocfu.|
X:uenmiu. Ofo cnnsano c moumu nonnwmu kommapamu. Hnoina n
okci noxuficn chafi unu cnona sacwhafi, hpoynunmuci cponu nonu.
1cuxomepuneom. Cocponofonifoci na fom (npooo0um cepuu 0oue-
nuu e:u:). Hfo nosnukaof y nac counac
X:uenmiu. Cnona: co xopomo. H nyncfnyk, nfo onsni ycnyfi
ocfanaci n hpomnom.
1cuxomepuneom. Cocponofonifoci na fom (npooo0um 0:n i:uenmiu
cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:).
X:uenmiu. H nchomunak, nfo, koina n wna poonkom, nco hyiano
monn. Iofomy n no moina wfi noucfnufonino chonfannou.
1cuxomepuneom. Xopomo, cocponofonifoci na fom (npooo0um cepuu
0ouenuu e:u:). Hfo nw counac nyncfnyofo
X:uenmiu. H nyncfnyk con chokounoo.
1cuxomepuneom. Hfo hpoucxonuf, koina nw nymaofo o cnonax: co
hosanu, counac n n honnou osohacnocfu
|Icuxofopahonf uchonisyof koinufunnoo nsaumohopohnofonuo, nfow
homoni knuonfko ofnonufi hpomnoo of nacfonmoio u hpusnafi, nfo ona
onimo no nnnnofcn ynsnumwm poonkom.|
X:uenmiu. Ho snak...
1cuxomepuneom. Ipocfo nymaufo o fom.
|Knuonfka no moxof n honnou mopo hpunnfi yfnopxnonuo. Cam qakf
cocponofononun na fom hponnoxonuu cfumynupyof anahfunnyk unqop-
mauuk, yxo hpucyfcfnykmyk n oo hamnfu.|
X:uenmiu. Xopomo.
1cuxomepuneom. (1pooo0um cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:). Hfo nw counac
nyncfnyofo
X:uenmiu. On no cmoi w counac cnonafi co mnou fo xo camoo. H
w no hosnonuna omy, hofomy nfo counac n yxo nspocnwu nononok u
moiy hosaofuficn o cnoou osohacnocfu.
J2
|Cnona knuonfku ykaswnakf na chonfannoo nosnuknononuo hpusna-
nun, nfo ona, kak nspocnwu nononok, moxof nonafi nwop.|
1cuxomepuneom. Hfo nw counac nyncfnyofo
X:uenmiu. bonosnonnwo omymonun snoci (yiu:iouem nu meu). H
nonanuxy oio. Ofo no mon nuna.
1cuxomepuneom. (1pooo0um cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:). Hfo nosnukaof y
nac counac
X:uenmiu. Mwcnu o fom, nfo hpunfno naxonuficn n osohacnocfu,
hpunfno wfi nkumou.
1cuxomepuneom. Xopomo.
X:uenmiu. H omo n nknk cnooio ofua.
1cuxomepuneom. Cocponofonifoci na fom (npooo0um cepuu 0oue-
nuu e:u:).
|Ipusnanuo knuonfku, nfo ona nkuf ofua, konoiunocku nanun-
no. Hosanucumocfi no osnanaof nonanucfu.|
1cuxomepuneom. Hfo nw nyncfnyofo
X:uenmiu. H nyncfnyk onimyk iukocfi n moo. H noikoo ionono-
kpyxonuo.
|Ionnnonuo iukocfu n moo ykaswnaof na comafunockuo usmononun,
na nosnuknononuo sanucnmux of mouuonaninoio cocfonnun omymonuu
n fono, cnnsannwx c hopnonananinwm cowfuom, no npomn kofopoio
ionona hauuonfku wna hpuxafa nacuninukom.|
1cuxomepuneom. Cocponofonifoci na fom (npooo0um cepuu 0oue-
nuu e:u:).
X:uenmiu. H nonanuxy cnooio nnnk. H nyncfnyk, nfo mno yxo no
hnfi nof, u mon nonanucfi unan, nom n nofcfno.
|Cnona knuonfku ykaswnakf na nosnuknononuo nonou, onoo nspoc-
nou hopchokfunw.|
1cuxomepuneom. Xopomo (npooo0um 0:n i:uenmiu cepuu 0ouenuu
e:u:).Hfo nw counac nyncfnyofo
X:uenmiu. H nanunak nyncfnonafi con onoo nspocnou. H moiy
uchwfwnafi nonanucfi k nomy u fohopi moiy usmonuficn. H uchwfw-
nak inon sa fo, nfo nco fo noomo hpousomno.
|Ofmofum, nfo knuonfka uchonisonana cnono nspocnwu nnn ohu-
canun cnoux nwnomnux nyncfn. Iononwo yfnopxnonun nwhonnnkf poni
JJO
cnooio pona konoiunockou hponopku. Xofn uoni hopopaofku cocfouf
n fom, nfow unkophopuponafi fy onoo anahfunnyk hopchokfuny,
hcuxofopahonf no hpumonnn cnona nspocnwu ho ofnomonuk k knu-
onfko fo cnono nosnukno chonfanno no npomn hopopaofku.|
1cuxomepuneom. Ofmofifo fo (npooo0um 0:n i:uenmiu cepuu 0oue-
nuu e:u:). Hfo nosnukaof y nac counac
X:uenmiu. Inon sa fo, nfo n hponnnnk saofy o nknax, nfow ho-
nynufi nunumocfi honnopxku nnn camou con. H inon sa fo, nfo n no
moiy honynufi fy honnopxky hpocfo hofomy, nfo sacnyxunak oo.
1cuxomepuneom. (1pooo0um 0:n i:uenmiu cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:). Hfo
nosnukaof y nac counac
X:uenmiu. Cnona omymonun n onacfu mou.
1cuxomepuneom. H kak nw con nyncfnyofo
X:uenmiu. Counac yxo honynmo.
1cuxomepuneom. Xopomo, cocponofonifoci na fom (npooo0um cepuu
0ouenuu e:u:).
X:uenmiu. Mno hpumna n ionony mwcni, nfo cfouf nopxaficn ho-
nanimo of myxnun, kofopwm n npannkci, u wfi choconou ckasafi
um nof.
|Knuonfka chonfanno hponcfannnof, kak n ynymom ona hpunumaof
pomonuo u nonaof nwop.|
1cuxomepuneom. Xopomo. Cocponofonifoci na fom (npooo0um cepuu
0ouenuu e:u:). Hfo nw counac nyncfnyofo
X:uenmiu. Y monn honnuncn cfpax, nfo n no cmoiy ckasafi Hof u
nfo fo kak-fo cnnsano c moumu nonnwmu kommapamu.
1cuxomepuneom. Hfo hpoucxonuf, koina nw nymaofo o cnoux cnonax:
bynynu nspocnwm nononokom, n fohopi umok nosmoxnocfi nwopa
|Icuxofopahonf uchonisyof koinufunnoo nsaumohopohnofonuo nnn
naninoumoio ycunonun fpofioio hnafo, cnnsannoio c nanunuom nosmox-
nocfu nwopa.|
X:uenmiu. Mno kaxofcn, nfo fo hpokpacno.
1cuxomepuneom. Xopomo, nymaufo o fom.
X:uenmiu. a, n nspocnwu nononok; y monn ocfi nosmoxnocfi nwopa.
1cuxomepuneom. (1pooo0um cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:). Hfo nw nyncfny-
ofo counac
X:uenmiu. Y monn nosnukaof opas nnnu, honanunmoio monn na
kponafi u ionopnmoio, nfo y monn nof nwxona. Ho counac n nuxy, kak
n ynapnk oio ho nuuy.
JJi
|Knuonfka coomaof o chonfannom usmononuu opason.|
1cuxomepuneom. Ipokpacno. Ipocfo nymaufo o cnonax: Kak nspoc-
nwu nononok, n umok nosmoxnocfi nwopa (npooo0um 0:n i:uenmiu
cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:). Hfo nosnukaof y nac counac
X:uenmiu. H ionopk nnno: 1oo no xnafuf cun chpanuficn co mnou.
1cuxomepuneom. Xopomo.
X:uenmiu. H nyncfnyk con chokounoo.
1cuxomepuneom. (1pooo0um cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:). Xopomo. Hfo
nosnukaof y nac counac
X:uenmiu. H nuxy, kak n omo pas ynapnk nnnk ho nuuy u sony ofua.
1cuxomepuneom. Kakuo nyncfna nw uchwfwnaofo hpu fom
X:uenmiu. Ofa cuona nco namo hyiaof monn.
1cuxomepuneom. Cocponofonifoci na fom (npooo0um cepuu 0oue-
nuu e:u:). Hfo nw nunufo counac
X:uenmiu. Opasw myxnun, n kofopwx cnunakfcn nopfw ofua u nnnu.
H ionopk ofuy: 1w pasun moo copnuo, a safom honnnnofcn opas
mooio wnmoio nkonnuka. co fu opasw cnunakfcn noonuno.
1cuxomepuneom. Hfo hpoucxonuf, ocnu nw nosnpamaofoci k opasy
nnnu u nymaofo o cnonax: H nspocnwu nononok u y monn ocfi nosmox-
nocfi nwopa Kakuo nyncfna nw uchwfwnaofo
|Icuxofopahonf cnona nosnpamaof knuonfky k ocnonnomy opasy,
nfow ycunufi honoxufoninoo camohponcfannonuo.|
X:uenmiu. H nyncfnyk, nfo y monn counac onimo cunw u mno nco
fak xo xonofcn ynapufi nnnk ho nuuy.
1cuxomepuneom. Xopomo. cnu nw cnona opafufoci k nwckaswna-
nuk: H nspocnwu nononok u y monn ocfi cnoona nwopa, kak w nw
ouonunu oio coofnofcfnuo of i no ? annon, ino i honnocfik no
coofnofcfnyof, a ? honnocfik coofnofcfnyof
X:uenmiu. 6 unu ? annon.
1cuxomepuneom. Xopomo. Cocponofonifoci cnona na opaso nnnu u
na cnonax: H nspocnwu nononok u y monn ocfi cnoona nwopa (npo-
oo0um cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:). Ofmofifo nco, nfo nosnukaof y nac.
X:uenmiu. H ynapnk nnnk ho nuuy, u on ofcfaof of monn.
1cuxomepuneom. (1pooo0um cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:). Hfo nosnukaof y
nac counac
X:uenmiu. H ckasana nnno, nfo omy no ynacfcn cnonafi fo, nfo on
samwmnnof, u nfo n pacckaxy oo ncom ofuy.
1cuxomepuneom. (1pooo0um cepuu 0ouenuu e:u:). Hfo nw counac
nyncfnyofo
X:uenmiu. H sacnyxunak nknu.
JJ2
Iocno hponononun onimoio konunocfna coancon II c xopfna-
mu fpanm cfano ncno, nfo usmononuo cfohonu ofnofcfnonnocfu knuon-
fa nnnnofcn nooxonumwm ycnonuom nnn nocfuxonun honoxufoninoio
qqokfa nononun. 1oopofunocku fo usmononuo moxof ofpasufi hofpo-
nocfi knuonfa n nocfuxonuu coofnofcfnykmou cfanuu nspocnocfu, hop-
nwm fahom kofopou nnnnofcn nunnocfnan nuqqoponuuauun, hponho-
naiakman ycfanonnonuo coofnofcfnykmux ipanuu con. 2opfnw
nacunun opkfcn c nyncfnamu nunw u camoonunonun, nwsnannwmu
ux ynacfuom n cowfuu. Onu nacfo ofoxnocfnnnkfcn c noucfnunmu na-
cuninuka unu yhopno hpononxakf nopufi, nfo camu nnnnkfcn nunon-
nukamu nacunun qakf, hponnnnkmuu ux nochoconocfi ycfanonufi
u nwnonufi coofnofcfnykmuo ipanuuw moxny coou u npyiumu.
Ioka knuonf ocfaofcn n fom nuqqoponuuponannom cocfonnuu, on
no moxof usanuficn of nyncfna ohacnocfu; fo nyncfno honnocfik
unfopnanusonano u hpownaof y noio nnyfpu. Iopoknanwnan nuny sa
hpoucmonmuu cnynau nacunun na nacuninuka, knuonf hpuopofaof
nosmoxnocfi hopoufu of hopnunnou unonfuqukauuu c fpanmou (c co-
hyfcfnykmumu nyncfnamu cfpaxa u camoocyxnonun) ko ncom hpoumy-
mocfnam, kofopwo naof kcfopnanusauun u anoknafnan ouonka cowfun.
Ofo hopnoo hnafo hponnnnofcn n posynifafo hopopaofku nofckou fpan-
mw. cnu knuonf okaswnaofcn n mopfnou hofno u y noio no cnuxaof-
cn ypononi ochokoucfna, hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo cfumynuponafi
nosnuknononuo coofnofcfnykmoio hnafo, hponopnn fo c homomik
nanonnmux nohpocon. Ononunno, nfo nocfuni fux nnyx hocnononafonino
nosnukakmux hnafo hnafo nocfuxonun ocosnanun osohacnocfu n
nacfonmoo npomn u hnafo opofonun ynoponnocfu n cnoou choconocfu
hpunnfi anifopnafunnoo pomonuo fpynnoo n fom cnynao, ocnu knu-
onf no chocoon ofnonufi con of ucfonnuka ohacnocfu.
Koina nocfuinyfo hopnoo hnafo u nyncfno ohacnocfu kcfopnanuso-
nano, fuhunnan xopfna fpanmw hopoxonuf of cocfonnun yxaca k monoo
unfoncunnomy nyncfny cfpaxa. 3afom nosnukaof nfopoo hnafo, cnnsan-
noo c nyncfnom osohacnocfu n nacfonmoo npomn, conopxamoo n coo
hpusnanuo qakfa, nfo cnynau nacunun hpousomon nanno. Ionnnonuo
foio hnafo ownno cnuxaof cfpax u hosnonnof knuonfy nwpasufi inon
unu ofnpamonuo k nacuninuky. 1akuo mouuu nooxonumo ocynufi n
kaunofo hcuxofopahonfa hopon fom, kak hopoxonufi k sanopmakmou
cfanuu, kofopan nonxna nwsnafi y knuonfa nyncfno ynoponnocfu n cnoou
choconocfu cnonafi n ynymom hpanuninwu nwop. Ownno fo co-
hponoxnaofcn nyncfnom hokon u naiohonynun. Kaxnoo us nocfuiaomwx
hnafo cosnaof nosmoxnocfi nocfuxonun cnonykmoio u k kaxnomy mo-
xof wfi honynon nocfyh c homomik nanonnmux nohpocon, nwswnak-
mux coofnofcfnykmyk ofnofnyk poakuuk.
JJJ
Oupccncnnc c1cucnn uuyc1nvuru nvcma1cntc1na
n nn4nuc1t knncn1a
cnu nohpocw Kfo nocof sa fo ofnofcfnonnocfi unu Hin fo
noynana no nwswnakf xonaomou ofnofnou poakuuu nahpumop, hpu-
snanun, nfo ofnofcfnonnocfi sa hpoucmonmoo nocof hpocfyhnuk,
hcuxofopahonfy nooxonumo nanafi c knuonfom ocyxnonuo, nfow nco
xo nwsnafi ofnofnyk poakuuk. Io mopo foio kak knuonf nanunaof
honumafi cymnocfi fpanmafunockoio cowfun hycfi naxo c nokofo-
pwmu konoanunmu, hcuxofopahonfy cnonyof hponocfu nohonnufoni-
nyk copuk nnuxonuu inas c uncfpykuuou: Ipocfo nymaufo o cow-
fuu. cnu foxnuka II hpumonnofcn os snanufoninwx ofknononuu
of cfannapfnou hpouonypw, a fakxo ocnu honynonnan hcuxofopahonfom
unqopmauun nnnnofcn fonnou, knuonf moxof opocfu nnn con conop-
monno nonyk hopchokfuny. cnu xo unqopmauun no fonna, oo noo-
xonumo ofnopinyfi. fom cnynao naxo hocno sanopmonun copuu nnu-
xonuu inas knuonf ownno ocfaofcn n cocfonnuu ochokoucfna u y noio
moxof nosnuknyfi mnoxocfno pasnwx hpunun cnufafi yfnopxnonuo nox-
nwm. ospaxonun knuonfa ownno nocima nkohwfnw u sacnyxunakf
fmafoninoio usynonun. cnu onu nknknakf n con nokupykmuo ho-
popaofky yoxnonun, fo ux cnonyof uspafi hponmofom nosnoucfnun,
a ocnu n nux onapyxunaofcn nonocfafonnocfi honumanun, hcuxofopa-
honfy nooxonumo hponnoxufi hpanuninoo oncnonuo. cnu cam hcu-
xofopahonf wn n nom-nuo no hpan, fo fo nooxonumo hpusnafi.
Ipu nmomafonicfno n nunnocfi knuonfa u paofo co ncomu nosmox-
nwmu hocnoncfnunmu foio nooxonumo, nfow hcuxofopahonf ionopun
knuonfy: Ipocfo nymaufo o fom, no n nupokfunnou, a n mnikou
qopmo. Honi fakoio nmomafonicfna homoni knuonfy ynopxunafi n
cosnanuu nck nooxonumyk unqopmauuk (cfumynupyn fakum opasom
coofnofcfnykmyk noupocofi) n fo npomn, koina hpoucxonuf akfunauun
cucfomw hopopaofku. co ohaconun, nwckaswnaomwo knuonfom, non-
xnw wfi fmafonino uccnononanw hopon fom, kak hcuxofopahonf cno-
na nacf omy uncfpykuuk ymaufo o fom u nannof hpononufi cnony-
kmyk copuk nnuxonuu inas.
Knuonf cmoxof nwckasafi nco cnou konoanun, kacakmuocn nosmox-
nocfu nocfuni honoxufoninoio paspomonun u ocyxnafi mafopuan,
nwswnakmuu y noio nyncfno hponafonicfna ho ofnomonuk k cnoou
comio unu k hpocfyhnuky, foniko n fom cnynao, koina hcuxofopahonf
hpunopxunaofcn ofkpwfoio uccnononafonickoio honxona. cnu paofa
c noanoknafnwmu nyncfnamu hokopnocfu u hpunnsannocfu, kofopwo y
nknou, hopoxunmux n nofcfno nacunuo, noponko nnnnkfcn nacfik ux
hafonoiuu, no ynof hpononuficn nocfafonno nonukafno, y knuonfa
moxof coxpanuficn cocfonnuo sahyiannocfu, nosnukmoo hocno xocfo-
koio opamonun. fom cnynao knuonfa cnonyof sanopufi, nfo nco oio
JJ4
nsaumoofnomonun c ponufonnmu coxpannfcn hocno hp