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5-Axis table - table machines

(Axis Vector) - - -
. (A) 1,0,0.
(C) 0,0,1.

,
' '.
'', , .

(Axis Origin) -
(Model
Workplane) ( , CLDATA
PowerMILL).
(primary rotational axis) (origin)
(secondary axis).
(origin point) .
,
.
A C,
.
(model workplane)
, 0,0,0:

- -.
,
,
(
,
, ).
,
- :

.
.

, 5 4-
3 , Delcam
.

Machine kinematics
MTD (External MTD), ,
option file. MTD
( ) ,
. option file
,
6 , .
Path MTD
option file.
- , {}
.
(model of External).
,
.
- , .
- ,
. External, ,
Path . , .


(Kinematics chain)

:
(Order)
(Parameter) .
, (Edit).
, ,
.
(Direction) .

(workplane), .
(Head values)
.
workplane PowerMILL,
(cutfiles) ( CLDATA Workplane).
(Origin) .

(Head values)
(
).
(Machine workplane) CLDATA Output
Workplane, CLDATA PowerMILL.
(Table values) ,
.
PowerMILL.

(Limits)
. .
, Check.
Delcam PostProcessor:

Defining rotational axes


, (, B C),
, -

:

(Rotary Axis Location )


(Rotary Axis Vector)
(Rotary Axis Origin)
(Rotary Axis Limits)

C
PowerMILL, C.

(Rotary Axis Location)

(Rotary Axis Vector)

.
X .
Y B.
Z C.



, ,
(1,0,0), (0,1,0) (0,0,1).
().
(Rotary Axis Limits)

,
, , ,
.

,
, ,
- +/-3600.

4-Axis table machines

option file, Kinematic


Model 4-Axis Head or 4-Axis Table.
- :

X.
(origin axis vector) ( )
.
( ).
(Axis Vector) -
() ,
.
(Axis Origin) -

(Model Workplane) ( ,
CLDATA PowerMILL).
Model Workplane Machine Workplane

, ( )
, .
Model Workplane Machine Workplane . ,

.
.


.

.
, model workplane
machine workplane ( ).
(, )
(
). ,
model
workplane. , {}
machine workplane ,
model workplane machine
workplane ( , ,
.

.

Delcam,
- .
(pivot point) -
( ,
( Tool Length Compensation Mode)
Delcam),
machine workplane ( ) ,
.
model workplane
(
, .
,
Delcam ).

4-Axis head machines


option file, Kinematic
Model 4-Axis Head or 4-Axis Table.
- :
,
. ,
Y B

(Direction) -
() ,
.
(Origin) -
, .
, .
, , - .

X. .

( )

, , (Pivot Point),
, ,
. 4 ,
:

Pnc = Pcl + TL*TV + Delta(P)

Pnc = ( ) pivot point


Pcl = CLDATA (tool tip coordinates
from CLDATA)
TL = (tool length)
TV = ( TL*TV-
, ) (current
normal tool vector (so TL*TV is a tool vector whose module is equal to the tool
length)).

Delta(P) (P) - ( ).
(P) (primary axis).
- ,
. - ,
,
. , Delcam ,

.

,
, ,
, .


(, ,
).
, ,
,
, . ,
Delcam
, (0,0,0).
MTD-based kinematics
, (MTD)

,
. ,
(PM-Post)
, CLDATA ( )
( ).
.

- .
.
PM-Post
, MTD.
, , MTD-.
, MTD, ,
3-, 4- 5- .
,
6- .

Example of an MTD Model

, MTD
- (Head - Head). , MTD-
{}
( ) ,
.
, .
, , -
. , .
, .

Table Branch ( )

Axis 1 Machine Y Linear

, -
. .
{} ,
, , .
Y.
, ,
(
Y workplane).
, .
- 1.

Head Branch
Axis 2 Machine X Linear
( ),
. - 2.
() ,
, MTD -
.
( ) , MTD- .
, , X .
,
.

Axis 3 Machine Z Linear ( - Z .)

-
. - .

Axis 4 Machine A Rotary ( .)





( ).

(Primary Rotary
Angle) , ,
- .
A,

option file .

.

.
,
,

.
- .
(Secondary
Rotary Angle parameter) , . B,
() B
option file .

.
6 ,
. 6
,
( , ).

Multi-axis configuration: general

(Linearise Multi-Axis Moves) -


, , ,
:
, , -
, General.
,
.
, .
CLDATA

(Use Constant Surface Speed Feed Rate)


- ,
,
, CLDATA.
, ,
:
,

, .

(Calculation Method) - ,
3+2

(local workplane). :
, ,
.
() Euler,
X , Y Z.
Euler, Euler,
,
NC. (Calculation
Method) Euler, ,
.

3+2 ,
RTCP (Profile to Multi-Axis machine with RTCP) 3+2
(Coordinates Control),
Workplane (Set Workplane) On and Set
Workplane Off.

(Workplane ITV Convention) ITV Workplane -



.
:
. ,

.
Heid-. ,

(Initial Tool Vector direction).

Multi-axis configuration: retract and reconfigure

,
,
.
Machine Kinematics
, MTD MTD-based kinematics

.
, .

- ,
. :
(Stop Program) ,
,
. Retract and Reconfigure.
,
. ,
.
, ,
, NC
-720 720. , 720
. ,
360 0, .
.
, ,
.

Rotations Limit:

,
option file.

Retract and Reconfigure, Retract and Reconfigure


, .
, .
,
, Retract Feed Rate.
.

( ).
, . ,
NC
,
. .
;
. ,
, , Retract
and Reconfigure.

(Minimize Rotations) - -
:
- ,
, ,
( ,
Rotations Limit)
.
- :
No - ,
, ,
( ,
Rotations Limit)
.
- A [-720;
+720], 720,
0:
- N110 X10 Y20 Z130 A720 B50
- N120 X10 Y20 Z130 A0 B50
,
, (.
Yes).
Yes - ,
,
360 .

- A [-720;
+720], 720,
A B 180 :
- N110 X10 Y20 Z130 A720 B50
- N120 X10 Y20 Z130 A540 B230

(Rotations Limit) - ,
Minimize Rotations, (No).
, Delcam ,
. Delcam
, ,
.
,
:
Simple -
Delcam,

( ). , linearisation
,
, ,
.
Manual -
. Delcam
Reconfigure for Manual
Mode.
Retract &Reconfigure Start and Retract&Reconfigure
End.
(Withdrawal Distance)- ,
.
,
. -
100 (, 100 100 ,
, ).

(Percentage Of Plunge Distance) -


Retract and Reconfigure ,
. , ,
( , ),
. - ,
Withdrawal Distance 150, Withdrawal Distance - 10,
15.
Retract Feed Rate ( ) - .
:
CLDATA Skim Rate - CLDATA,
Retract and Reconfigure.
(Specify Feed Rate)-
, ,
Retract and Reconfigure.

(Plunge Feed Rate) - ,


.
:
CLDATA (Use CLDATA Plunge Rate)
- CLDATA
.
(Specify Feed Rate) -
, ,
.
Coordinates control

(ACC) -
.

, ,
. ,
, .

(On)
(ACC),
workplane.

Machine Attach Point ( ) - X, Y


Z . :
( ),
(Gauge Face)
(Pivot)
Delcam
Machine Attach Point.

Force Attach Point to Tool Tip for 3-axis - Select On to force a Machine Attach
Point of Tool Tip for 3-axis cases regardless of the Machine Attach Point setting.