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Академия туризма и международных отношений

Шабалина Е.В.

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК ДЛЯ ПУТЕШЕСТВИЙ

ENGLISH FOR TRAVEL

Екатеринбург
2017
ББК 81.2 Англ.
С36

Шабалина Е.В.
ENGLISH FOR TRAVEL: учебное пособие. – Екатеринбург: Академия
туризма и международных отношений, 2017. - 55с.

Методическая разработка предназначена для студентов I курса АТиМО, обучающихся на


специализации “Менеджмент туризма”.
Цель методической разработки - помочь студентам освоить реалии и основы
международного туризма на английском языке, расширить словарный запас, овладеть
туристской терминологией, развить навыки и устной речи диалогического и
монологического характера профессиональной туристской направленности. В разработку
вошли материалы по следующим темам: путешествия самолетом, поездом, по морю,
туризм, городской транспорт.

ББК 81.2 Англ.


С36

© АТиМО, 2017
© Шабалина Е.В.., 2017
ENGLISH FOR TRAVEL

CONTENTS

UNIT 1 TRANSPORT

UNIT 2 TRAVELLING BY TRAIN

UNIT 3 TRAVELLING BY AIR

UNIT 4 TRAVELLING BY SEA

UNIT 5 TRAVELLING BY CAR

UNIT 6 TOURISM AND SIGHTSEEING


Unit 1. Transport

Vocabulary

1. vehicle транспортное средство


2. coach автобус (междугородного сообщения)
3. lorry, truck грузовик
4. trailer автоприцеп
5. van фургон
6. motorbike мотоцикл
7. to drive ехать, вести (в автомобиле)
8. to cycle ехать на велосипеде
9. to sail плыть на корабле
10. to fly лететь на самолете, управлять самолетом
11. to ride ехать (верхом, на велосипеде, на машине)
12. to navigate управлять кораблем
13. to make a trip совершить путешествие (поездку)
14. journey путешествие (сухопутное)
15. voyage путешествие (на корабле, самолете)
16. to arrive прибывать
17. to leave (for) уезжать
18. traveler путешественник
19. passenger пассажир
20. to travel on business путешествовать по делам
21. to travel for pleasure путешествовать ради удовольствия
22. to travel by train (rail) путешествовать на поезде
23. to travel by air (plane) путешествовать на самолете
24. to travel by sea (ship) путешествовать на корабле
25. to travel on foot путешествовать пешком
26. to travel light путешествовать налегке
27. to hitch-hike путешествовать автостопом
28. to plan one’s itinerary составить маршрут
29. to board a train (a ship, a plane) сесть на поезд (корабль, самолет)
30. to get on/off (a bus, a plane, a train) войти/сойти (в трамвай, автобус)
31. to take a tram/bus сесть в трамвай (автобус)
32. to go by underground (tube, metro)/bus ехать на метро/автобусом
33. the rush hour час пик
34. fare плата за проезд
35. speed скорость
36. traffic jam дорожная пробка
37. taxi rank стоянка такси
38. bus stop автобусная остановка
39. ticket билет
40. fine штраф

Dialogues
1.
- Good afternoon.
- Good afternoon. I’d like a rail ticket to Amsterdam, please.
- Certainly. When are you traveling?
- I’m taking the four o’clock train today.
- First or second class?
- First class, please.
- That’s 82.25, please.
- Do you accept credit cards?
- Certainly. Thank you. Sign here, please. Thank you very much.
- Thank you.
2.
- Can I help you?
- Could you tell me if there’s a bus from Chicago to Cleveland in the morning?
- They’re at 6.30, 8.00 and 9.50.
- What time does the 8.00 o’clock bus arrive in Cleveland?
- It gets into Cleveland at 4.05.
- And how much does it cost?
- $26.25.
- Do children pay half the price or full fare?
- Children under 12 pay half fare.
- Well, I’ll call back. I’ll have to think about it first.
- You buy your tickets on the bus.
- I see. Thank you.
3.
- What flights are there from London to Vienna tomorrow?
- If you ‘d like to take a seat, I’ll find out for you.
- I’d like to travel first class, please.
- BEA Flight BE 502 takes off from Heathrow at 9.25 and flies direct.
- What time should I get there?
- You’ll have to be at London Air terminal by 8.10 as the latest.

TEXT 1. TRANSPORT IN BRITAIN

As in the rest of Western Europe in recent years there has been a large increase in the use of
private cars. During the same period travel by bus and coach fell from 25 per cent to 10 per cent
of all transport and rail travel fell from 15 per cent to just over 7 per cent. Britain, where the first
railways were introduced, now has a declining rail system compared to other European
countries: the Germans, the Italians and the French all travel by trains much more than the
British. Britain also has the most expensive system of rail passenger travel in the European
Community.

Although the railways remained nationalized during the 1980s, the organization of bus and
couch transport changed. Smaller buses appeared in towns and cities and there was more
competition between companies. As a result of better service and cheaper prices, the number of
passengers travelling long distances by bus or coach began to increase again.

Britain started building motorways in the 1960s and there is a sophisticated system of major
roads. However, the increase in cars and lorries, particularly in and around London and on the
motorways, has caused a number of problems, with long-distance travellers.

TEXT 2. ON THE BUSES

Omnibuses were introduced to London in 1829. These carriages were pulled by horses and
because there were no bus-stops they stopped wherever you wanted them to — and on either side
of the road. At first they only carried about twelve people who all sat inside, but Inter seats were
put on the roof and the first double-decker buses were created. The faults in the design became
obvious and caused a public scandal when in 1906 a long-distance bus lost control going
downhill — ten people were swept off the top deck by overhanging trees and killed.

Horse-drawn vehicles were still in use many years after the invention of the motor. In 1896 the
Act of Parliament allowed motor vehicles to go as fast as horse-drawn vehicles. To celebrate
this, the few people who actually owned cars drove down to Brighton at the new speed This
London-to-Brighton rally of fine old veteran cars still takes place each November.

Before London Transport was formed in 1933 to organize all the buses as well as underground
trains, there were many private bus companies. Each company had a different colour for its
buses, which also helped the public to know where it was going. Nowadays all London buses are
red except the single-decker green buses which go out into the country.

Since then buses have been modernized in many ways. The main improvement is that they are
lower so they have roofs (although it is impossible for a tall man to stand upstairs). The old open
double-deckers are still sometimes used as a tourist attraction, for cutting the branches of high
trees.

TEXT 3.

There are three ways to get from city to city without a car. In some places you can take Amtrak,
the national passenger rail service. Or you can take a bus. Greyhound and Trailways are the
largest long distance coach companies, and both of them offer monthly passes. And, of course,
you can fly. There are dozens of airlines, both regional and national.

Getting around a city on public transportation is generally not as easy as it is in most other
countries, but it is possible. Only a few cities have subways, but most towns of 50,000 or more
have some kind of city bus service.

If you can't get where you want to by bus or subway, you can always take a cab. In many cities it
is almost impossible to stop a cab on the street. It's easier to call a taxi company listed in the
Yellow Pages and ask them to send a cab to your door. The meter will show the amount you
have to pay. The driver will usually expect a tip of at least 10%.

THINGS TO DO

1. Read Texts 1-3 and make up a list of verbs (nouns) to describe city transport.

2. Render Texts 1-3

TEXT 4.
Read the Text and say what the advantages buying travel cards are, what you are to do to
buy them, how they differ from travelcards in your country.

In Britain travelcard is a special ticket to ride cheaply on buses and trains in one certain country.
It can be used on all passenger transport and most bus services within the country. It is also valid
on local and Inter-City train services within the country at no extra cost. You can hop on and off
a bus and train as many times as you like with travelcard. And, of course, with travelcard you
don't need to worry about having the right change. The more you use it, the cheaper it becomes.

Even if you own a car, a travelcard can still save your time and money. For instance, if you
travel 10 miles to work each day, coming with a travelcard could cost you as little as 4p a mile.
Compare that with AA motoring mileage costs of 25p, or if you base it on petrol and parking
alone, l0p, a mile. And think of the rush hour jams, the frustration and the parking charges you'll
avoid. Don't forget many of our local rail stations have free “park-and-ride” car parks. Just sit on
a train or bus, read your paper and arrive relaxed.

If you want to get a travelcard you must complete the form and take to Travel Centre. (For 16-18
year olds in full-time education — ask at Travel Centres for a separate form). Be sure and bring a
passport size colour photograph of yourself. Once you have a Photocard, your Travelcard can be
renewed at any Travel Centre.

TEXT 5. THE PROBLEMS OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT


However crowded the roads are, British car owners usually find a reason not to switch to public
transport. The buses are too slow, or the trains are too expensive, or no public services actually
take them where they want to go. In many cases, these are just the excuses of people who really
want to sit in their own cars with the radio on, and who blame others for creating the traffic jams.
But there is also some truth in their criticisms. There has been a serious lack of government
investment in transport, with predictable consequences.
An interesting example is that of the London Underground. The Tube, as Londoners call it,
started in 1863 as the first underground line in the world, and is still the longest, with over 400
kilometres of lines. When it is working well, it is extremely quick and efficient. But those who
use it every day complain of terrible delays when things go wrong. The electrical engineering is
old, and it breaks down frequently. In 1987, 30 people died in a fire at King's Cross station.
Since then a lot of money has been spent on safety, and the record has been good. But reliability
has not improved. Successive governments have simply failed to invest the huge sums of money,
which would be needed to bring the Tube up to 21st century standards.
The London Underground is one of the only parts of the transport system, which is still in the
hands of the state. The Conservative Government in the 1980s and 90s thought that the problems
of underinvestment could be solved by privatisation. Buses outside London, and the whole of the
railway system, passed into private ownership. The idea was that, with profits to be made,
private finance would come in and rebuild the system. So far, however, the results have been
disappointing. Public use of buses has continued to decline. Train fares are so high that they
deter passengers, and in most parts of the country trains are less reliable now than before.
One particular failure has been a cause of considerable embarrassment to the British since the
opening of the Channel Tunnel. Eurostar trains from Paris travel at up to 300 kilometres per hour
in France, but have to slow down to 80 kilometres per hour once in Britain because the high-
speed line has not yet been built. Parliament only made the decision to build the line after the
tunnel had opened. This sad story seems to symbolise all the country's transport problems.
The government has recently started talking about the ultimate solution to the problems — an
integrated transport system. This means improving public services and making sure that they all
work together, as a system, rather than a series of disconnected parts. At present, if you need to
take a train, a bus and a ferry for your journey, you will often find that the bus station is
kilometres away from the train station, and the bus timetable does not match the ferry timetable.
You end up taking taxis between stations, and spending hours sitting in waiting room;
In many parts of the country, trains and buses compete with each other on one route, while
another route has no service at all. An integrated transport system is urgently needed to address
all these problems. But it will take a great deal of time, money and political will to achieve such
a system.

Vocabulary Exercises

bus train plane bicycle car ship

Driver Driver Pilot Cyclist Driver Navigator

Drive Drive Fly Ride Drive Navigate

Fare Fare Air fare - - Fare

Get/catch/take Get/catch/take Get/take Go on my) Go in (my) Get/take

Get on/off Get on/off Get on/off Get on /off Get in/out Board/go
ashore

Journey Journey Flight/journey Ride Journey


/voyage Cruise/
voyage

Pier
Bus station Railway station - -
Airport

Ex. 1. a) Underline the correct word in brackets in these sentences.


1 You mustn't (ride/drive) a motorbike without a crash helmet in the UK.
2 She told him to (get in/get on) the car and fasten his seat belt.
3 The bus (fare/ticket) is cheaper than the train.
4 The pilot couldn't (drive/fly) the plane in such bad weather.
5 We were late, so we had to (get/catch) a plane.

b). Find one noun in each line, which does not go with the verb.
Verbs Nouns
1 drive a car, a plane, a train, a bus
2 ride a bike, a boat, a horse, a camel
3 get on/off a car, a plane, a horse, a train
4 get int/out of a motorbike, a taxi, a car, a lorry
5 go by bus, foot, car, helicopter

c) Match the verbs in A with the nouns in B. Sometimes there is more than one
possibility.
A B
1 to confirm a) your flight
2 to reserve b) your seat belt
3 to catch/miss c) your luggage
4 to check in d) a seat
5 to fasten e) a plane

Ex.2.Look at the pictures on the right.


a) Which of these forms of transport is:

1 reliable? 4 cheap? 7 healthy?


2 quiet? 5 comfortable? 8 interesting?
3 fast? 6 safe?
b) What is the opposite of the adjectives in the box? Match
them with four of the words in Ex. la) which have the
opposite meaning. We form the opposites of the other four
adjectives above with un-. Use a dictionary to help you.

dangerous noisy expensive slow

c) Look at these remarks about public transport. Which adjective goes best with each
remark?
1. The seats are very hard, especially on a long journey. punctual
2. They’re always on time. (un)comfortable
3. It’s difficult to find a seat during the rush hour. (un)reliable
4. Sometimes they come, sometimes they don’t. crowded (empty)
Ex.3. Fill the gaps with the correct word.
1 Our train leaves from .................................... seven in ten minutes.
2 I waited at the ........................................................................ for ten minutes, and then two
buses arrived at the same time.
3 I couldn't ………………………the first bus because it was full up.
4 After we took off, the .................................... told us a bit about the plane and the journey.
5 The flight was fine but we had a terrible .................................... from the airport to our hotel.

Ex. 4. Fill the gaps with words from the box.

cost, reach, get, take, leave, arrive


I usually... the Greyhound bus. It... Washington at 9 a.m., and... in New York at 1.40 in the
afternoon. The New York bus terminal is in Manhattan, so it's very convenient, and it only...
about $85 return on weekdays

Ex.5. Insert prepositions, conjunctions or adverbs if necessary.

1. There will be thirty or forty coaches... Tangmarg... the morning... the upward climbs.
2. I remained... the overheated and airless coach... Tangmarg... the way back because I
could see him... where the vehicle was parking, sitting... the ground... front... a shop, his
hands wrapped... his raised knees.
3. Ten minutes later the coach started ..., began to move... its parking place and... the hill...
the last stage... its journey back... Strinagar. For... long... he was... view I watched... ... the
curtain... my window seat.
4. I alighted... the coach... Tangmarg... the other passengers but I didn't filter slowly... the
cafe or... one of the tea stalls... most... them did.
5. …what door do we get... a tram (a bus)?
6. There is a lot... traffic... the road. There is a constant stream... taxis, buses, cars... all
makes.
7. Bus and underground services,... a radius... 15 miles... Charing Cross, come... the
responsibilities... London Regional Transport, based... offices... the underground... St.
James's Park.
8. This bus only goes... 42nd Street and then turns... Seventh Avenue. You could also
walk... Fifth Avenue bus. Still, there are so many different buses... Fifth Avenue you
might get... the wrong one. Maybe you'd better take the subway... all.

Speech Exercises

Ex. 1. Answer the questions.

1. Which forms of transport do you like/dislike? Why?


2. How would you like to travel in the future?
3. Which forms of transport are popular in your country?
4. From what hour to what hour do the trams (buses, trolleybuses, trams) run in your city?
5. Do you take taxis? Why?
6. What is a traffic jam?

Ex. 2. Complete these sentences with information about yourself and your opinions

1) My most exciting journey


was………..
2) The most awful trip I had
was…………

3) I think the most romantic way to


travel is………….
4) I think the next century people will
travel by/on/in…………
Ex. 3. Are these statements true or false in your country?

1. Trains are more punctual than buses.


2. Train fares are more expensive than bus fares.
3. Train journeys are more interesting than bus journeys.
4. Railway stations are nicer places than bus stations.
5. In city centers, taxis are quicker than going in your own car.
Ex. 4. Project work. Transport Revolution – problems and solutions.

a. Make up a list of problems.


b. Prepare a short report on one of these problems.
c. Find facts to show that some original solutions have been made in different countries to
overcome many transport problems.

Ex. 5. Comment on the following:


“He travels the fastest who travels alone” (Kipling).
“Travel teaches toleration” (Disraeli).
“The two best things about traveling are arriving in a new city and leaving I
it” (Unknown).
Unit 2. Travelling by Train

Vocabulary
1. to travel by train путешествовать на поезде
2. to arrive at/in a city/town by train прибыть в город на поезде
3. railway (A.E. - railroad) железная дорога
4. railway station ж/д вокзал
5. platform платформа
6. track путь
7. terminus (A.E. – terminal) конечная остановка
8. time-table, schedule расписание
9. to run to schedule идти по расписанию
10. to be behind schedule опаздывать (о поезде)
11. to be delayed by smth задержаться по к.-л. причине
12. to change trains пересесть на другой поезд
13. to see smb off провожать к.-л.
14. to travel by through train ехать прямым поездом
15. fast train (express) быстрый поезд
16. mail train почтовый поезд
17. passenger train пассажирский поезд
18. goods train (A.E. freight train) товарный поезд
19. carriage/car вагон
20. sleeping carriage спальный вагон
21. smoking carriage (non-smoker) вагон для курящих
22. first/second/third-class sleeper вагон 1(2,3) класса
23. dining-car вагон-ресторан
24. to get into (out of) the car войти в вагон (выйти из вагона)
25. compartment купе
26. to occupy upper/lower berth занять верхнюю/нижнюю полку
27. luggage-rack багажная полка
28. light/hand luggage ручной багаж
29. suitcase, trunk чемодан
30. bedding постельное белье
31. passenger пассажир
32. attendant, conductor проводник
33. ticket collector контролер
34. porter носильщик
35. booking office билетная касса
36. to reserve seats (A.E. to make reservations) бронировать билеты
37. to book in advance забронировать заранее
38. to cancel booking отменить бронь
39. return ticket (A.E. round trip) билет в оба конца
40. single (A.E. one way) ticket билет в один конец
41. to go by day coach ехать дневным поездом
42. extra fare дополнительная плата
43. to miss the train опоздать на поезд
44. to catch the train сесть на поезд
45. left luggage office камера хранения

TEXT 1. TRAVELLING BY TRAIN


Should you ask me what kind of transport I like best I'd speak in support of the train. With a
train you have speed, comfort and pleasure combined. What place is more interesting than a big
station? There is the movement, the excitement, the gaiety of the people going away, sorrow of
those who are seeing others off. There are shouts of the porters as they pull luggage trucks
along the platforms to the waiting trains, the crowd at the booking-office getting tickets, the
children tightly holding on to the skirts of their mothers and passengers hurrying to board the
train.

At last you manage to make your way through the crowd, closely following the porter who has
taken care of your luggage and get out on to the platform.

At last you are — Car 2, Train 53. You show your tickets to the guard and in you go into a
most wonderful carriage. At last you manage to stow away your luggage and get out on to the
platform for fresh air and bid farewell to the well-wishers who have come to see you off.

You are on your way. You start up a conversation with your fellow-passengers and soon you
get to know who is who and what. Then you have dinner in the dining car. After a hearty meal
you get into your upper berth and begin to absorb the beauty of the changing scenes that fly
past you.

TEXT 2.

Those who wish to travel either for pleasure or on business, have at their disposal various
means of transport. There is for instance, the humble, inexpensive bicycle. Then there's the
motorcycle, with which you can travel quickly and cheaply but for long journeys it's rather
tiring. With a motor car one can travel comfortly for long distances without getting too tired.

Luxurious ships cross seas and oceans from one continent to another. Airplanes carry
passengers to various parts of the world in almost as many hours as it takes days to do the
journey by other means. But most of us still have to use trains. Look at this picture of a busy
railway station. A train is standing at one of the platforms. Some of in passengers are looking
out of the window watching the late-comers who are hurrying along looking for empty seats.

The engine is ready to draw the train out of the station. On another platform a train has just
come in; some passengers are getting out, others are getting in. Those who’ve not taken the
precaution of getting their tickets beforehand are waiting in queues at the booking-office. At
the bookstalls people are choosing books, magazines and papers for the journey. At the
cloakroom others are depositing or withdrawing their luggage. Further along there are
refreshment rooms crowded with people snatching a hasty meal, while those with line to spare
are sitting in the waiting-rooms.

THINGS TO DO

1. Read Texts 1 and 2 and speak of the advantages of traveling by train.

2. Say if you consider it comfortable to travel by train. (Are there any disadvantages of
traveling by train?)

TEXT 3. TRAVELLING BY TRAIN IN BRITAIN

One of the first things a foreigner notices about British railways is the platforms. They are
higher than in most parts of the world. The platform is almost on a level with the floor of the
carriages. You do not, therefore, have to climb up into a railway carriages in Britain. This
makes it a little easier to get in and out of the carriages with your luggage.

The trains that go to and from London are very crowded at the times when people are traveling
to work, since about a million people travel to London to work every day. There are cheap
tickets after a certain time of the day, usually about 9.30 when everyone has gone to work.
These are called cheap day return tickets. It’s only nearly 50% cheaper to travel to London after
9.30 than before this time.

Britain has a fast, modern rail system and much has been done to improve the network. New
trains and carriages have been introduced on intercity, rural and commuter lines. In London,
many underground stations have been renovated and there are plans for new lines.

However, traveling by train on the mainline railways is expensive. Despite a complicated


system of reduced fares for students, families, old people, and those who can travel at certain
times and on certain days, rail fares cannot compete with the cheaper long-distance coaches.
There are also complaints about trains being late and overcrowded but despite this the number
of passengers traveling by train began to increase again towards the end of the 1990s.

THINGS TO DO

Give a short summary of the text.


Describe your preparations for traveling by train. Speak on the advantages of booking
tickets beforehand.

Vocabulary Exercises

Ex. 1. Read the texts. Complete the sentences with the words from the box. Retell the
texts.

A. The Channel Tunnel.

freight trains, barrier, mainland (2), French, company, significant, train, tunnels, swim, built,
positive, English, separates.

The stretch of water which... Britain from France and the rest of... Europe has always played
a... role in British history. Saturday, 1st December 1990 was no ordinary day in the Channel's
long history. At 11.00 a.m. two miners, one... and one ..., cut through the last few centimeters
of chalk separating the UK from... Europe. It was the first land connection since of Ice Age!
Work began on Eurotunnel in 1987. It was... by an Anglo-French engineering.
A smaller central service tunnel was... to be used by workers and engineers for maintenance
work and emergencies. The two outer... will carry high-speed passenger and... . Cars and lorries
will also be transported by... .
The tunnel is expected to have a... effect on British industry, tourist industry included. Journeys
between... and... will be quicker and more reliable for both holiday-makers and business people
Only one question remains. With the sea no longer acting as a natural…, will swimmers
continue to try to... the Channel as they have done for years?
(Focus on Britain Today)

B. Russian passenger carriages.

a) socket, d) bedding, f) mingle


b) taps, e) routes, h) wash-stand,
c) ensures, f) spot lamps, i) sliding partition,

Travelling by train is a unique experience. In any sort of weather you are quickly taken
from one country to another. You see foreign capitals, cities and admire the picturesque
scenery. One such trip – and you will always prefer rail travel. In Russia international
1)_________ are served by carriages RIC, special carriages with two-berth compartments,
soft-berth and corridor carriages with four-berth compartment. The excellent personnel
service will add the pleasure to your travel. The RIC-gabarit carriages are used on routes
connecting Moscow with European capitals: Helsinki, Berlin, Paris, Warsaw, Belgrade,
Vienna, Prague, Budapest, Sofia, Rome and Bucharest.
Each de luxe RIC carriage has 11 double-berth compartments. The tourist class has
three soft berths in each compartment and is much cheaper.
The RIC carriage provides maximum comfort: soft berths and chairs, daylight lamps,
radio, 4)_________ with cold- and hot-water, 5)_________ mirrors, electric shaver
6)_________, a safe for keeping papers and valuables.
Passengers wishing to _________“with next door” travelers may join their
compartments by pushing aside a 7)__________. There will be enough room for a table for
meals and games.
The carriage is air conditioned and provided with fresh air ventilation.
The carriage design _________ soft and safe travel.
The first-class “SV” sleeper with its soft berths and chairs of pleasant colours is one of
the best for passenger comfort on a long journey. The floor is carpeted.
There is a toilet between every two compartments, where you can shave or take a warm
shower.
The four-berth compartment of a soft-berth carriage is very good for family or group
travel. It is spacious and has soft berths where you can read or play table games.
In the two-berths are on the floor.
Both two- and four-berth compartments are air conditioned and have radio and
8)_________. In the corridor car there are nine four-berth and one two-berth compartments.
The wide table near the window can be used for lunch, table games, reading and
writing.
The snow-white 9)_________ soft mattress and woolen blanket will make your bed
warm and cosy.
The train has a dining car with a wide choice of Russian and European dishes, wines
and soft drinks and cigarettes. You may order your meals to your car.

Answer the questions:


1. What type of carriages are international routes serviced by?
2. What amenities would add the pleasure for your travel?
3. Describe the RIC-gabarit carriages.
4. What kind of travel does the SV carriage ensure?

Ex. 2. Supply prepositions, conjunctions or adverbs wherever necessary.

1. It was impossible to book … this train as all accommodation was reserved.


2. The train … Moscow is … platform 1 … track 4.
3. The express trains only stop … the larger stations while the slow trains stop … all
stations.
4. Our train leaves … nine thirty … platform 3 track 1.
5. I want three first-class sleepers … the “Red Arrow” … Friday … a separate
compartment.
6. If you want to have the tickets delivered … home there is an extra charge … of five
dollars.
7. We’ll be … a minute. Time to get on the train and be quick…it.
8. They left … the station. Hope they would run … time all along the route.
9. I was lucky to get tickets … the fast train … Moscow.
10. Does the train come … time?
The tickets will be left … your name … window two … the main hall next … the left luggage
office.

Ex. 3. Compare and find the equivalents.

Railroad time-table
One-way ticket office
Schedule single
Round trip through
Non-stop railway
Booking office return

Ex. 4. What do we call these?

1. a bed in a train or in a boat.


2. a room on a train
3. money paid for a journey
4. beforehand
5. booking in advance
6. to leave the train
7. to arrive too late for a train
8. to into another train in the middle of a journey
9. a person who serves customers on a train
10. a person who carries your luggage

Ex. 5. Translate the following:

1. Вы не знаете, на Рижском вокзале принимают предварительные заказы на билеты


по телефону?
2. Если вы поедете в Баку через Астрахань, у вас будет две пересадки.
3. Где проводник? Я хочу попросить его исправить дверь нашего купе (помочь мне
снять чемодан с багажной полки; поднять/опустить верхнюю полку;
поднять/опустить окно; принести постель, чай, расписание; узнать, когда мы
будет в Риге).
4. Поезд опоздал на три часа из-за сильных снежных заносов вблизи Балтимора.
5. Скажите, пожалуйста, как пройти: (а) в главный зал вокзала, (б) в камеру
хранения багажа, (в) на платформу 6, (г) билетным кассам, (д) в кабинет
начальника вокзала, (е) на платформу, от которой отходят пригородные поезда на
Пушкино, (ж) в туристическое агентство?
6. Этот поезд на Москву? Где пятый вагон?
7. Я узнал в справочном бюро, что из Москвы в Петрозаводск можно проехать
только через Петербург.
8. Будьте добры, узнайте у проводника, как долго мы стоим Ростове и когда мы его
проедем.
9. Пора в вагон! Поезд отходит через две минуты.
10. Мы едем строго по расписанию. В Ростов мы прибыли мину та в минуту.
11. «Мы запаздываем на 20 минут, но я думаю, что поезд нагонит и в Москву мы
прибудем вовремя», — сказал проводник
12. Какая это станция? Долго мы здесь будем стоять?
13. «В багаж что-нибудь сдадим?» — спросил носильщик. — «Нет, у нас только
четыре места. Это все. Вот, возьмите» (дает деньги). — «Счастливого пути».
14. Купите мне, пожалуйста, расписание.
15. Да, это поезд на Петербург, но это скоростной поезд, а у ваг билет на почтовый.
16. Я предъявил билет контролеру. Надо торопиться. Мы можем опоздать на
поезд.

Speech Exercises

Ex. 1. Answer the following questions:

1. When did you last travel by railway?


2. Why do they introduce a special summer schedule for railway traffic all over Russia?
3. Are there smoking and non-smoking carriages on our trains?
4. Which trains usually have dining cars?
5. To whom does one show one's ticket before entering the carriage?
6. Is there any extra charge for having railway tickets delivered?
7. What do people usually inquire about at a railway station information bureau?
8. If a traveller has too much hand luggage, what does he usually do before taking his
train?

Ex.2. Say why many people prefer travelling by train.

Ex. 3. Speak about the problems we face in Russia when we start traveling.

Ex. 4. Say if you like to be seen off to the station and speak about the last minutes before
the train leaves. Do you feel comfortable or ill-at-ease at these last minutes?

Ex. 5. Say which berth you prefer to travel on and why. Do you like reading (talking,
sleeping, etc) on a train?

Ex. 6. Problem solving. Suppose your friend suggests going somewhere by train. You are
against it. What would you say to that? Make up a dialogue.

Ex.7. Read the information about British international railway passes. Make an
advertisement in English.

British Rail International Tickets


Что такое Interrail?
Это система проезда по европейским железным дорогам с минимальными затратами и
максимальной свободой выбора маршрута по 28 странам Европы и кусочку Африки
(Марокко)
Краткая информация:
Разновидности:
Interrail Scanpass
Зоны:
А – Республика Ирландия, Финляндия, Швеция,
B - Норвегия, Швеция, Финляндия, Дания, Норвегия
C – Германия, Швейцария, Австрия,
Дания,
D – Чехия, Словакия, Польша, Венгрия,
Хорватия,
E – Франция, Бельгия, Люксембург,
Нидерланды,
F – Испания, Португалия, Марокко,
G – Словения, Италия, Турция, Греция,
H – Болгария, Румыния, Югославия,
Македония,
Действителен:
- только при въезде на территорию - Страны Скандинавии
страны, указанной в билете, - 5 дней из 15, 10 из 30,
практически на все поезда в Европе - 21 из 30
Доплата:
- за проезд на территории СНГ за проезд на пароме
путешествие экспрессом между Хельсинки и экстра-
классом Стокгольмом.
- ICE – в Германии, паромы Silia Line
- TGV – во Франции)
- путешествие на пароме
Скидка:
- наличие билета Interrail |(до 50 %) - паром - при правильном выборе маршрута
- бесплатно (при загрузке вагонов на паром)
- ~- 30% на 30 паромных переправах — детям до 11 лет,
студентам, пожилым людям (старше 60 лет).
Unit 3. Travelling by Air

Vocabulary

1. network of air-lines сеть авиалиний


2. aircraft самолет; самолеты, авиация
3. to take off взлететь
4. to pick up speed набирать скорость
5. to fly at a speed of лететь со скоростью
6. to land, to make a landing приземлиться
7. runway взлетно-посадочная полоса
8. to be air-minded разбираться в вопросах авиации
9. carrying capacity пропускная способность
10. altitude высота
11. visibility (visibility is good, видимость
poor, nil)
12. refueling автозаправка
13. helicopter вертолет
14. jet реактивный самолет
15. soundproof (compare: звуконепроницаемый
fireproof, waterproof, shockproof)
16. forced landing вынужденная посадка
17. blind landing посадка вслепую
18. the engine is out of двигатель в неисправности
commission
19. aircrash (air disaster) авиакатастрофа
20. cross wind(s) боковой ветер
a. head wind(s) встречный ветер
21. to hit an air-pocket попасть в воздушную яму
22. stewardess (A.E. hostess) стюардесса
23. cabin crew стюарды и стюардессы на самолете
24. make a non-stop flight совершить беспосадочный перелет
25. to get airsick заболеть воздушной болезнью
26. to weigh in взвешивать
27. to register the tickets зарегистрировать билеты
(luggage)
28. boarding pass посадочный талон
29. to announce a flight объявить рейс
30. to board (get on) the plane сесть на самолет
31. to fasten the seatbelts пристегнуть ремни
32. to fill in a landing card заполнить карточку прибытия
33. to leave (get off) the plane сойти с самолета
34. to go through the customs проходить таможенный контроль
35. to declare (at the Customs) называть вещи, облагаемые
пошлиной (на таможне)
36. to fill in a Customs declaration заполнить таможенную декларацию
37. to pay the duties платить пошлину
Dialogues
1.
— Can I help you?
— I want to fly to London next week. I'd like to make reservations
for a round trip ticket.
— What day are you planning to leave for London?
— On the 12th of March. '
— There are three flights to London on that day — at 10 a.m.,
at 8.30 and 9 p.m. Do you have any preference about the time of the day?
— I'd rather leave at 9 p.m. I want to get to London early in the morning.
— I can make a reservation for a TWA flight. Are you going to travel first-class or
economy?
— I prefer economy. How much will it be?
— 440 dollars.
— Are meals and refreshments served on the flight?
— Yes, they are.
— What's the flying time?
— Six hours... Will you pay by credit card?
— Yes, by Master Card. Number... Valid until January
— When can I get my tickets?
— You'll have them two days before your departure.

2.

- Johnson's Travel. Can I help you?


- Yes. I'd like some information about the special plane fares
to New York I read about in your ad.
- Okay, when'll you be going and how long do you plan to stay?
- Well, I'd like to leave three weeks from Friday and stay about two weeks.
- Then you qualify for our two-week advance purchase excursion fare. That's 422 dollars if
you leave Friday through Sunday, and cheaper during the week.
- I guess I could leave Thursday afternoon. Are there any other restrictions?
- There's a minimum required stay of eight days. Well, that's no problem. Can I get
my ticket now?
- Sure. Come right in to our downtown office and I'll have the whole thing written up for
you in a jiffy.
- Okay. Can I pay with travellers checks?
- Yes, if you bring some form of identification with you.
- That'll be all right.
- Okay, thanks. I'll be there in about an hour.
- Thank you. Bye.

3.

- Here we are at last. What time does your plane take off?
- 9.30, we've plenty of time yet. I'll go and have my luggage weighed now.
- How much are you allowed to take with you?
- I travel tourist class, so it's about 20 kilos. I don't think my luggage weighs more than
that.
- Will it take you long to go through the customs?
- No. it'll be just a formality. I have nothing to declare.
- When are you due in London?
- It’s a non-stop flight so I'll be there long before lunch.
- Oh, that’s wonderful, you won't even have time to get airsick.
- I never do, though I'm a poor sailor.
- Then you can look forward to a pleasant journey.

TEXT 1. AIRPORTS IN THE USA


Airports are not always named after the city they are in. New York City has two international
airports: John F. Kennedy and LaGardia. Chicago's international airport is called O'Hare, and
there's another for flights within the U.S. called Midway. The same with Washington, D.C.
There's Dulles International, and National for flights within the U.S. The airport in Boston is
Logan. In Seattle you'll find Seatac, from Seattle and the name of a neighboring city, Tacoma.
There are four time zones in the U.S.:
9:00 a.m. Pacific Time
10:00 a.m. Mountain Time 11:00 a.m. Central Time
12:00 noon Eastern Time
If you have to fly through several time zones in 12 hours or less, you may feel an upset of your
body clock after the long flight. This is jet lag. Doctors say the best thing you can do is rest on
the plane and perhaps have a drink of water and rest at your hotel when you arrive.
Larger airports with lots of international traffic have employees who speak languages besides
English to help you, but smaller ones don't.
You can bring a total of one quart of alcoholic beverages and one carton of cigarettes (200
cigarettes) into the U.S. duty free. If you bring more, you have to pay tax.
If you lose something on the plane or can't find your baggage at the claim area, you should
report it to your airline. If you lose something in the airport, you should go to the lost and
found.
TEXT 2. LONDON’ HEATHROW AIRPORT
London's Heathrow Airport is the busiest international airport in the world and British Airways
is one of the largest airlines. During the 1990s the airline flew to destinations in seventy-two
countries and annually carried more than 18 mln passengers. It was privatized in 1986.
Heathrow Airport's four terminals can handle up to 38 mln passengers a year and London has
four other airports, including Gatwick, all of which handle international flights.
The number of people travelling by air both for business and pleasure is growing and traffic at
regional airports in Britain increased by 25 per cent during the 1990s.
TEXT 3. AIR TRAVEL
Nowadays people mostly travel by air. Here are a few hints on air travel that may be helpful:
1. Passengers are requested to arrive at the airport (air terminal) one hour before departure time
on international flights and half an hour on domestic flights.
2. Passengers must register their tickets, weigh in and register the luggage. The economy class
limitation is 20 kg. First class passengers are allowed 30 kg. Excess luggage must be paid
for.
3. Passengers are permitted to take only some personal belongings with them into the cabin.
These items include handbags, briefcases or attache cases, umbrellas, coats and souvenirs
bought at the tax-free shops at the airport.
4. Each passenger is given a boarding pass to be shown at the departure gate and again to the
stewardess when boarding the plane.
5. Watch the electric sign flashes in the plane. When the “Fasten Seat Belts” sign goes on, do it
promptly, and also obey the “No Smoking” signal.
6. Listen to the announcement on the public address system. The captain will welcome you on
board, tell you all about the flight and the interesting places you are flying over.
7. Do not forget your personal belongings when leaving the plane,
TEXT 4. PASSPORT REGULATIONS AND CUSTOMS
Landing formalities and customs regulations are about the same in all countries.
1. While still on board the plane the passenger is given an arrival card to fill in, he fills in (in
block letters) his name in full country of residence, permanent address, purpose and length
of visit, and address in the country he is visiting.
2. After the passenger has disembarked, officials will examine his passport and visa (to see if
they are in order).
3. In some countries they will check the passenger's certificate of vaccination.
4. When these formalities have been completed the passenger goes to the Customs for an
examination of his luggage.
5. The passenger is required to fill in a customs declaration form. He must list all dutiable
articles. (Personal belongings may be brought in duty-free.)
Here is a partial list of prohibited articles: firearms, drugs, in some countries — meat products,
fresh fruit and vegetables. ;
6. The Customs inspector may ask you to open your bags for| inspection. After you are through
with all customs formalities he will put a stamp on each piece of luggage.

THINGS TO DO Read Texts 3 and 4 and remember the given rules and regulations

Vocabulary Exercises
Ex. 1.
a) Match these definitions with the words from the text:

1) kind of an aircraft with horizontal revolving blades, able to take off and
land in a very small space and remain stationary in the air if necessary;
2) aircraft designed to take off from either land and water;
3) aircraft able to fly at a speed, greater than that of sound;
4) hire an aircraft for an agreed time, purpose and payment;
5) person who organizes package tours;
6) machine that produces power or motion.

AIRCRAFT TYPES
The ABC World Airways Guide publishes details of aircraft types. Please study the
extract. A code is used to describe the aircraft: pure jet (T), prop-jet (T), propeller (P),
helicopter (H), amphibian/seaplane (A). Some of the descriptions give the number of
passengers allowed on board. If you know the aircraft code but not the description (the
code only is given in the timetable), the lower half of the page very kindly decodes the
abbreviations! It is often very important clients to know the aircraft type before making
the journey, and it is part of giving a good service to supply all the information.
For example, the aircraft coded 747 is a Boeing 747 jet, and it accommodates 400
passengers. Incidentally, the 747 referred to as a jumbo because of its size. The 747
cruises at 30,000 ft at 575 mph and has four engines, all mounted on the wings.
As another example, the aircraft coded SSC is a British-space Concorde (BAC). This
is a supersonic aircraft. It flies at a height of 50,000 ft, approximately 20,000 ft higher
than subsonic jets; this means it can avoid any bad weather conditions. It reduces flying
times by half, carries up to 100 passengers (the aircraft is long and narrow) and cruises at
speeds in excess of 1450 mph - twice the speed of sound. It is used on long journeys, but
is also used extensively on charter flights: tour operators charter the Concorde for special
short flights, such as anniversaries, birthdays and fun days.

b) Answer the questions:


7) Which aircrafts do you consider convenient? Why?
8) What do you know about Aeroflot’s fleet? Compare the aircraft of the Aeroflot
fleet with a Boeing 747 jet and SSC.

Ex. 2. Put the sentences in a logical order:


a) to go through the customs

b) to fill in a landing card

c) to board the plane

d) to fasten the seat belts

e) to leave the plane

f) to weigh in and register the luggage

g) to show a boarding pass at the departure gate

h) to register the tickets

i) to arrive at the airport

Ex. 3. What do you call these?


1 The place where you go when you arrive at the airport with your luggage.
2 The card they give you with the seat number on it.
3 What you have to pay if your luggage is very heavy.
4 The bags you carry onto the plane with you.
5 The place above your head where you can put these bags.
6 The part of the airport where the plane accelerates and takes off.
7 The people who look after you on the plane.
8 Another verb used to say ‘rent’ a car.
9
Ex. 4.
a) Complete the words or phrases below using words from the box.

Control lounge number luggage desk reclaim card


locker baggage

1 boarding 4 flight 7 baggage


2 excess ......... 5 overhead 8 passport
3 check-in 6 departure 9 hand
b) Complete these sentences with a suitable word:

1. There was a mechanical problem, and we ended up with a two-hour ........................


2. If you have nothing to declare, you follow the green sign when you go
through………………………………………………………..
3. A woman at the check-in desk weighed my ...........………………..
4. I looked for our flight number on the departures …………………..

c) Fill the gaps in this letter:

Dear Tom,

I’ve just arrived in Rome but I’m still recovering from a really terrible flight. We
(1)_______two hours later because of bad weather, and then over the channel we had more
bad weather. The (2)_______
told us to(3) _______our seat belts, which worried me a bit, and for half an hour we
(4)_______through a terrible storm. I was almost sick, but the cabin (5)_______were really
nice. It was still raining and very windy when we (6)______in Rome and I was really glad to
(7)_______ the plane and get into the airport building. I really hope the return (8)_______ will
be a lot better…

Ex. 5. Read the text. Complete the sentences with the words from the box.

Ropes, my own, pilot (2), basket (2), bottom, team, ballooning, drive, follow, right, crew,
balloon, lands.

One of my great ambitions is to learn how …a balloon on my own. My father who’s a


balloonist, takes us all … with him every weekend. I’m the only one who rides with him
in the … The basket is fastened to the … of the … with nylon…

Sometimes I … the balloon on … when the wind isn’t strong and it’s in the … direction. But
Dad always stays with me in the …

The rest of my family are the backup… The backup are the people who … the balloon in cars
and help the … when the balloon… On windy days they have to… for miles! The trouble is
you can’t get a … license under the age of seventeen and I’m only fourteen!

Ex. 6. Supply prepositions or adverbs whenever necessary:

1. One... the advantages... travelling... plane apart ... enjoying the rapid shifts of scenery, is that
you get a full view... the landscape — something you miss if you go... train or ship.
2. You can book your tickets... any place 10 days... advance.
3. Is travelling... air cheaper... traveling…ship?
4. ...the agency the passengers are taken…bus… the airport.
5. ...boarding the plane the passengers must register their luggage... the airport. Excess luggage
must be paid for.
6. While still... board the plane the passenger is to fill... block letters his name... full and his
address … an arrival card... inspection.
7. My jet takes... twenty minutes... six.
8. How long is it... the plane leaves?
9. Is there a tag attached... my luggage?
10. How much luggage can one take free …charge?
11. The plane is due... a couple of minutes.
13. We shall make a non-stop flight...refueling.
14.1 can't hear... the roar of the engines.
15. The plane is... service... long-distance lines.
16. Passenger planes usually fly... a speed... 300 km... hour... an altitude... 2,000 metres.
17. Have you anything liable... duty?
18. Will our luggage be looked…?
19. The smoking-room is... the rear... the plane.
20. If you feel like it you may adjust the seat... a reclining position.
21. When the formalities... registering yourself and weighing your luggage are over you get...
the gangway and board the plane.
22. If you are travelling... plane... the first time you may apply... a stewardess and she will see
you... your seat and will provide you... all the information you need.
23. Have they already called... the plane... Paris?
24. We noticed a plane circling... the field, dipping one wing then the other... greeting... making
a landing.
25. Look down... and see how pretty New York looks... the air.
26. The belts are supposed to fasten yourself firmly... your seat... case... an accident. Otherwise
you may be thrown... the seat... front and injured. And if the plane catches... fire you won't be
able to get... either. But we are already... the air and we are completely safe and sound.

Ex. 7. Complete the following sentences using words and phrases from the Vocabulary
List. Try to think of as many variants as possible:

1. The weather was fine and... .


2. It was a perfect landing. The pilot must have been... .
3. The plane took off... .
4. If visibility is poor or nil... .
5. Passenger planes fly at a speed of... .
6. Pilots were forced to make…
7. The average speed... .
8. Travelling by air is
9. Planes have to land for re-fuelling... .
10. We hit an air-pocket and... .
11. We heard the deafening noise of the motors... .

Ex. 8. Translate into English:


1. Перелет был очень тяжелым (удачным). Погода была прeскверная (отличная). В
течение четырех часов видимость был нулевая (прекрасная). Нас совсем не качало
(нас качало очень сильно).
2. С какого аэродрома вылетают пассажирские самолеты на Прагу?
3. На каком аэродроме приземляются самолеты из Дели?
4. В каких пунктах совершают промежуточную посадку пассажирские самолеты Москва
— Нью Йорк?
5. Меня никогда не укачивает в самолете, я чувствую себя воздухе совсем хорошо.
6. Вы не слышали, уже объявили о посадке на стокгольмский самолет?
7. Наши пассажирские самолеты оборудованы для полета при любых
метеорологических условиях (на любых высотах, больших скоростях). Достижения
наших летчиков по пол< там круглый год в любую погоду непревзойдены в истории
авиации.
8. Мы видели, как самолет (а) кружился над аэродромом, (а) покачал крыльями, (в)
начал выруливать на старт, (г) рванулся вдоль по взлетной дорожке, (д) совершил
отличную посадку, (е) набрав скорость, оторвался от земли, (ж) исчез в облаках, (з)
заправляли горючим, (и) совершил вынужденную посадку, потому что правый
мотор вышел из строя.
9. Пилот все время вел самолет, не теряя из вида землю.
10. Мы попали в воздушную яму.
11. Чем меньше скорость самолета, тем сильнее качает машину.
12. Когда мы вылетаем? Когда мы пролетим над Волгой?
13. Экипаж пассажирского самолета обычно состоит из пилота, второго пилота,
штурмана.

Ex. 9. Render into English:


Журналистов в аэропорту не было. Отъезд Эла Кинга, известного поп-звезды, держали в
секрете. Им удалось перевести его из вертолета в его личный самолет без всякой суеты.
Держа Даллас за руку, Эл прошел по самолету к своему личнму помещению в хвосте,
едва кивнув двум стюардессам. «Все| на месте, мистер Сантэн?» — спросила стюардесса.
«Вроде все. Мы на этот раз полупустые». — «Тогда убираем трап». Ван Говард,
командир личного самолета Эла, спросил, все ли готово у второго пилота. Он всегда
задавал этот вопрос, прежде чем включить двигатели. «Все готово, босс», — уверил его
Гарри. — Мы только что получили разрешение на взлет». Зажглось табло «Пристегнуть
ремни. Не курить». Берни Сантэн сидел на носу самолета, болтая с журналистами. Пол,
брат Эла, застегнув ремни, погрузился в чтение контракта. Эван, сын Эла, смотрел в
иллюминатор. Самолет вырулил на взлетную полосу, готовясь к взлету. Стюардесса
проверяла, все ли пристегнули ремни. Она пообещала пассажирам вернуться, когда они
взлетят, и принести соки, воду и выпивку. Самолет начал набирать скорость, с грохотом
проносясь по полосе, затем взлетел в небо с удивительной легкостью. «Мне кажется, —
сказал Берни журналистам, — вам этот полет понравится». Самолет закончил набирать
высоту и теперь летел ровно. Табло «Пристегнуть ремни. Не курить» погасло.
Нино, красивый парень, одетый в форму механика, но на самом деле террорист,
примыкающий к одной из самых известных террористических групп в Южной Америке,
наклонился к Кристине, девушке, которая была в него влюблена и помогла ему попасть в
самолет, и сказал: «На борту самолета три бомбы. Только я знаю, где они. Если
пассажиры будут мен слушаться, никто не пострадает. Если же нет, тогда не повезет нам
всем». Нино встал и прошел по центральному проходу к кабине пилота. Он подошел к
стюардессе и с улыбкой сказал: «У меня пистолет, и он направлен на вас. Ведите меня к
командиру.
Ван Говард сразу понял, что происходит. Как только Уэнди вошла в кабину вместе с
темноволосым парнем, он все понял. Каждый летчик тысячи раз представлял себя в
такой ситуации. Их учили, как себя вести в подобных случаях. Не паниковать. Если нет
возможности разоружить угонщика, делать то, что прикажет. Не подвергать риску жизнь
пассажиров и экипажа.
Командир попросил всех перейти в хвост самолета и сказал, придется лететь по курсу,
который ему дал угонщик. Штурман попросил разрешения связаться со службой
управления полетами, так как они не могли посадить самолет в любом месте, им нужна
была подходящая полоса. Хотя экипаж был опытным, лететь вслепую, по неизвестному
маршруту, в незнакомой стране, задача, мягко сказать, не из легких.
Погода резко ухудшилась. .Легкий дождь перешел в грозовой ливень. Оказалось в
довершение ко всему, что Нино потерял вторую страницу с инструкциями, и они не
знали, куда двигаться дальше. В этот самый момент самолет попал в воздушную яму и
провалился вниз на несколько сотен футов. Нино потерял равновесие, нажал на курок и
попал в Ван Говарда. Внезапно молния ударила в правое крыло самолета, которое
медленно загорелось. Самолет слепо падал вниз.
(Д. Коллинз. Игроки и любовники)

Speech Exercises

Ex. 1. Answer these questions. If you don't fly very much, try to ask someone who does.

1 What is the most interesting part of the flight, and what is the most boring part?
2 Where do you often have delays, and why?
3 What do you usually do during the flight?
4 Do you always eat the food they give you? Do you ever drink alcohol on the flight?

Ex. 2. a) Problems often start when passengers arrive at their destination in a foreign
country. Can you add two more examples to this list? Work with a partner.

1. Your luggage is missing.


2. A customs officer stops you as you are walking through the 'Nothing to Declare' door.
3. You don't know how to get to the centre of the city.
4. You have to hire a car at the airport for a few days.
5. ...........................................................................
6............................................................................
Imagine you are in these situations. Which is the easiest and which is the most difficult, when
you have to speak in English? Compare in small groups and say why you think so.

b) In which of the four situations in Exercise 1 could you hear the questions in the table
below? And who would be speaking? (More than one answer is possible.)
— passenger
— customs officer
— airline representative
— car hire representative
— someone who works at the airport information desk

Number of situation Speaker


1. Does this belong to you? 1,2.…. airline representative,
customs officer
2. Could you describe it for me? ….…… …………………………………..
3. Could I see your licence? .....….. ......................................................
4. Sorry to bother you, but could you tell me ...?......... ……..............................................
5. How long will it take? .......…. ……..............................................
6. Could you fill in this form, please? ......... …………......................................
7. Excuse me, could you open your suitcase? ...... ......................................................
8. Can you deliver it when it arrives? ......... .....................................................
10. How often do they run?
Ex. 3. You want to fly to some country. Try to make reservation at an Agency.
Ex. 4. Choose one of the headlines and make up an interesting story about it:
1. Emergency on Flight 85.
2. By air? By sea?
3. Marriage in the air.
4. Navy pilot flying fighter missions.
5. Flight to Rome.
6. Interview in the air.
7. 75-year-old stowaway on her way to Brazil.

Ex. 5. Reproduce the joke.


All the passengers boarded the plane and it took off. The piano lifted smoothly and began to
gain height. Soon the passengers could hardly distinguish a few landmarks.
At first they enjoyed their flight and nobody was getting airsick. But some time after the plane
began rocking and it was found out that the engine was out of order. The passengers were
frightened to death. Suddenly they saw the pilot come out wearing a parachute.
« Don't worry», — he said as he stepped out of the door. — «I'm going for help».

Ex. 6. Best things anybody ever said. Comment on them.


— What can you conceive more silly and extravagant than to suppose a man racking his brains,
and studying night and day how to fly? (William Law)
— The birds can fly an' why can't I? (Trowbridgo, Darius)

Ex. 7. Project work.


a. Find out about different airlines (e.g. Airflot, Delta, South-West, SAS, Swiss Airlines, etc)
b. Collect information on them. Decide which one is the safest.
Unit 4. Travelling by Sea

Vocabulary
1. coast, seashore морской берег, побережье
2. beach пляж
3. (river) bank берег
4. harbour гавань, порт
5. pier пирс
6. the Navy военно-морской флот
7. Merchant Navy (A.E. Merchant Marine) торговый флот
8. vessel судно, корабль
9. liner лайнер
10. steamer пароход
11. sailing ship парусное судно
12. ferry паром
13. canoe, каноэ, байдарка
14. to paddle a canoe плыть на байдарке
15. oar [o:], весло
16. to row грести
17. raft плот
18. displacement водоизмещение
19. stern корма
20. mast мачта
21. promenade deck верхняя палуба
22. engine-room машинное отделение
23. rudder руль
24. to steer править рулем
25. keel киль
26. cargo груз
27. crew судовая команда, экипаж
28. rescue team спасательная команда
29. lifebelt спасательный пояс
30. lifeboat спасательная шлюпка
31. wreck (ship) потерпеть кораблекрушение
32. to reserve a passage (a berth, зарезервировать билеты
a cabin) (место, каюту)
33. launch, to launch спуск, спускать судно на воду
34. to raise the gangway поднять трап (сходни)
35. to embark (disembark) сесть на корабль (сойти с
корабля)
36. to sail for . отплыть в
37. on board a ship на борту корабля
38. to be on deck находиться на палубе
39. state-room отдельная каюта
40. to have a smooth/ совершить спокойный
a rough voyage морю (переезд по бурному морю)
41. in a rough sea в бурном море
42. to weather (a storm) выдерживать шторм
43. to be seasick страдать морской болезнью
44. to call at a port заходить в порт
45. to anchor (to cast/drop/lay up an anchor) бросить якорь
46. to weigh anchor сняться с якоря
Dialogues
1. In the Port.
— How do we get to Pier 2, please?
— You are on your right way. Straight ahead and then to the right. (They see tho ship)
— My, what a beauty she is!
— How many passengers can she accomodate?
— Some 500 600 at least. Let's hurry on board.
— Which is the way to Cabin 24, 3rd class, please?
— Straight ahead, then right and down. You'll be attended to there.
— It's rather difficult to find one's way here with all these narrow corridors, isn't it?
— You'll get accustomed to things here in no time. Well, here we are, Cabin 24, 3rd class.
These are your berths.
— How small the cabin is. There's hardly any room to turn in here.
— The restaurant is on the main deck. A pleasant voyage, gentlemen.
2. On Deck.
— Is this the right way to the 3rd class cabins?
— 3rd class straight ahead then right, please.
— When do we sail?
— In 20 minutes sharp.
— Thanks. Please put those things in cabin 24, 3rd class, and that box over there goes into
the hold.
— As you say. I’ll see to it.
3. In the Cabin.
— Quite comfortable, isn't it?
— Oh, it's just lovely!
— Have you got the tickets, Ann?
— Yes, here they are. Who are we sharing the cabin with, 1 wonder?
— It won't be long before we find out. Well, what do we do now?
— I’ll start unpacking.
— And finish about landing time? That’s where 1 do say «No». Let’s go up on deck. I’ll just
open the porthole. It's a bit stuffy in here.
4.
— Hello, Nina. Haven't seen you for ages. Where have you been? 1 wondered what had
become of you.
— Oh, I’ve had a most exciting experience. The fact is Dad took me on a voyage round
Europe.
— How wonderful! 1 suppose you've seen lots of interesting things. Do tell me all about it.
Where did you sail from?
— From Odessa.
— Did you call at any European ports?
— We did. Quite a number of them. At each port we went ashore and made the most wonderful
trips into the depths of the country.
— By railways or car?
— By motor-coach. Now, I can boast of having seen Rome and London, Paris and Athens.
— I must say that I feel pretty envious. Did you have a pleasant voyage?
—. Rather fine, except the two days after Gibraltar. It was rough in the Atlantic and I had to
keep to my cabin.
— What about your father?
— Oh, Dad was all right. He's an exceptionally good sailor.
— Did you go ashore in Spain?
— No, we didn't. We only saw the coast from the deck. It didn't look very inviting, rather bare
and monotonous in fact.
— And did you bathe in the Mediterranean?
—— Not only there but in the Atlantic Ocean, too. There are wonderful beaches at some places
on the west coast of France. Swimming is just delightful there.
— Well, I’m glad that your journey was a success.
TEXT l.
Many of us have taken delightful holiday cruises on the Black Sea. A cruise on the Black Sea is
as delightful a holiday as one might wish for. From May to November the season is at its height
and the passenger traffic is very heavy. Accomodation is hard to get, but one-can make things
easier by reserving a cabin (or a berth) at the agencies. All the sea-going liners combine
passenger comfort with speed.
The sea around might be absolutely calm or a storm might be raging, sending up foaming
breakers — you'll enjoy your voyage on board the «Rossiya» just the same. But ships having a
lesser displacement are less comfortable. In a rough sea many passengers will look most
unhappy when the stern dips down and no happier when the bow goes up.
Although travelling by sea is about as safe as walking the-streets, you can always count on the
many lifeboats in case of emergency.
Life preserves, life-belts, lifebouys and other safety devices are always handy on board a ship.
TEXT 2.
For me there is no travel so fine as by sea. There are many things that make travel by sea a
fascinating thing for me. Though I am not much of a sailor 1 love the sight of a ship with its
many decks and staterooms. It looks like a huge white floating city. It is delightful to be out at
sea, too, and promenade the deck or sit in a deck-chair and take the sun.
But what can be compared with the excitement you experience when you sight land. You call at
several ports. The stays are quite sufficient to give you the opportunity of visiting some places
of interest there. Usually the ship has all modern conveniences and a wide choice of
entertainment facilities. There is a good library, a few restaurants and bars, a cinema-hall,
billiard rooms, video rooms and what not. There is also a swimming pool.
In the evening you enjoy the beautiful sunset at sea. It is simply marvelous! Don't be afraid to
be seasick. The sea is usually calm.
THINGS TO DO
1. Read Texts 1 and 2 and speak of the advantages of travelling by sea.
2. Say if you have ever travelled by sea (or by river) and share your impressions with your
group-mates.
TEXT 3.
Early the following morning Tracy stopped at a travel agency and reserved a suite on the Signal
Deck of the Queen Elizabeth II. She was as excited as a child about her first abroad, and spent
the next three days by buying clothes and luggage.
On the morning of the sailing Tracy hired a limousine to drive her to the pier. When she arrived
at pier 90, Berth 3, at West Fifty-fifth and Twentieth Avenue, where the QU II was docked, it
was crowded with photographers and television reporters, and for a moment Tracy was panic
stricken. Then she realized they were interviewing the two men posturing at the foot of the
gangplank - Melnikov and Negulesco, the international grand masters. Tracy brushed past
them, showed her passport to a ship's officer at the gangplank, and walked up into the ship. On
deck, a steward looked at Tracy's ticket and directed to her stateroom. It was a lovely suite,
with a private terrace. It had been ridiculously expensive, but Tracy decided it was going to be
worth it.
She unpacked and then wandered along the corridor. In almost every cabin there were farewell
parties going on, with laughter and champagne and conversation. She felt a sudden ache of
loneliness. There was no one to see her off, no one for her to care about, no one who cared
about her.
She made her way up to the boat deck and had no idea of the admiring glances of the men and
the envious stares of the women cast her way.
Tracy heard the sound of a deep-throated boat whistle and calls of «All ashore who’s going
ashore», and she was filled with a sudden excitement. She was sailing into a completely
unknown future. She felt the huge ship shoulder as the tugs started to pull it out of the harbour,
and she stood among the passengers on the boat deck, watching the Statue of Liberty slide out
of sight and then she went exploring.
The QE II was a city, more than nine hundred feet long and thirteen stories high. It had four
restaurants, six bars, two ballrooms, two nightclubs and a «Golden Door Spa at Sea». There
were scores of shops, four swimming pools, a gymnasium, a golf driving range and a jogging
track.
«I may never want to leave the ship,» Tracy marvelled.
(S. Sheldon. If Tomorrow Comes)
A. Answer the questions:
1. What were Tracy's preparatory arrangements for the trip?
2. Where was the QE II docked?
3. What kind of cabin did she have?
4. Why did she feel a sudden ache of loneliness?
5. What made her excited?
6. Why did Tracy compare the QE II with a city?
B. Give a summary of the text.

Vocabulary Exercises

Ex. 1. Compare and find the equivalents.


a) floor or platform built into a ship 1. deck
b) on a boat 2. cabin
c) room in a ship where passengers sleep 3. entertainment
d) people who work on a boat, ship or aeroplane4. cruise lines
e) movement across water in a boat or ship 5. fitness
f) anything people watch for pleasure: shows, films
6. on board
g) on land 7. crew
h) companies that have a number of cruise ships8. sailing
i) physical exercise to keep you healthy 9. ashore

Ex. 2. Supply prepositions, conjunctions or adverbs where necessary:


1. I am not subjected... seasickness but my wife is not much... a sailor.
2. How long does a passenger liner stay... a port... call?
3. Have you ever stayed... deck... the storm?
4. Passengers can send radiograms and letters... board a ship.
5. When do we get... the nearest harbour?
6. A trip... the Black Sea Coast offers travellers the sights... beautiful and lovely ports, the
landscapes... the Criniea, the views... the Caucasian Coast... its snow-capped mountains.
7. Comfortable passenger-liners... comfortable cabins, staterooms and saloons which are
kept clean... stewards and stewardess, link all the Mediterranean ports.
8. As... me, there is no travelling so fine as... the ship.
9. When I'm... board a ship 1 love the feel... the deck... the ship... my feet, to see the rise and
fall... the waves, or... night to see the line... lights gradually fading... sight.
10. ...the storm highwaves make ships move... and down or... side... side.
11. Have you already paid... your passage?
12. The young woman leaned... the rail to watch the seagulls.

13. Can you go... and fetch the luggage... my cabin below... … the deck?
14. If we sail... such a speed we are sure to be... time.
15. We disembarked... Naples.
16. Which pier will the boat... N. arrive…?
17. Where can one get a life-belt... case... emergency?
18. How long will the ship lay... anchor here?
19. We are getting... ... the open sea.
20. We sailed... and... ... we sighted the shore of Italy.

Ex. 3. Insert the missing words.


THE SHIP THAT COULDNT SINK
The Titanic, with 2,300... aboard, was on its first... from Southampton to New York. It was 11.40
p.m. on 14th April 1912 and sea was calm. Suddenly the look-out man saw the enormous... .
«...ahead!» he shouted.
Immediately... turned, but not soon enough. The iceberg tore a 300-foot... in the hull and water
began to pour in. At first the captain didn't worry because... was unsinkable. Then the ship began
to lean. At 12.05 the captain gave the order «Uncover the..!»
The wireless operator sent out an SOS... . Six ships began to race towards the Titanic. But the
two... who were closest did not hear the desperate... for help.
At 2 the captain gave... «Abandon ship!». In one of the... was a young woman, Emily Richards,
and her baby. She said later: «It was the most... sight 1 have ever seen». The sea... ... of bodies.
The water was so... that nobody could survive for more than a few... .
A few minutes later the Titanic began... beneath the surface. One by one the last... jumped into
the sea. Then... rose up in the air and the Titanic... quickly out of sight.
At dawn the next morning a rescue... picked up survivers from... .

Ex. 4. Complete the following sentences using words and phrases from the Vocabulary List.
Try to think of as many variants as possible.
1. To book a passage on the «Rossiya»... .
2. Ships call at ports to... .
3. Tug-boats are specially designed to... .
4. To make a rowing-boat move one... .
5. While sailing down the Volga one might see... .
6. A liner is a ship which... .
7. Ferries are used to... .
8. The different parts of a ship I know the names of are:... .
9. Every cabin on board a passenger boat is fitted out with... .
10. The ship can... .
11. With the sails practically out of use the masts... .
12. The gangway was lowered and... .
13. As the liner dropped anchor boats came out to... .
14. If we sail at such a speed we... .
15. He is a very good sailor. He... .
16. My sister is a very poor sailor, so... .
17. The screw propeller serves to... .
18. The rudder serves to... .
19. The porthole serves to... .
20. Life-belts and life-boats serve to... .
21. While you are on board a ship the radio... .
22. The passengers will spend most of the time on deck watching...
23. They will enjoy every moment... .
24. We spent hours on deck leaning against the rail to see... .
25. 1 like to travel by sea because... .

Ex. 5. Write the questions:

THE FIVE MOST POPULAR QUESTIONS ABOUT CRUISE SHIP JOBS


1. __ What is a cruise holiday?__
Cruise ships are floating resorts -complete cities at sea. A typical cruise ship has a dozen decks
and hundreds of cabins. A cruise vacation is about fun, entertainment, service and worldwide
travel. There are more than 300 types of job aboard ship. Imagine yourself travelling to places
you've always dreamed of and being paid for it.
2. __________________________
Students, retired people, career changers, 'people people' who enjoy working with others. Cruise
lines are always hiring people with experience in hospitality, tourism, entertainment, restaurants
and bars, teaching, child-care, sales, customer relations, fitness,
health and beauty, healthcare, finance and administration. Cruise lines hire dependable,
competent people with outgoing, positive attitudes.
3.____________________________
Familiarise yourself with the cruise companies. Where do their ships travel? What facilities do
they have on board? And most importantly, what kind of passengers will you find on their ships?
Choose several jobs that interest you and compare your qualifications and experience with the
duties and responsibilities of the job. Learn what you need to add to your CV. For example,
study a foreign language.
Sell yourself! Target your CV and covering letter to one specific job and show how your work
experience, talents, skills and education relate to it. Show how you can contribute to the
passengers' cruise experience.
4. ____________________________
The cruise industry hires year-round and seasonally. Most employees work for six to nine
months with one or two months off. Many departments need extra crew in peak sailing periods.
5. ____________________________
Cruise ship pay compares well with similar jobs ashore plus you save a lot of money because most
expenses are left behind. On board ship your room and meals are included.

Ex. 6. Translate into English:


1. Когда отходит ближайший (первый) теплоход на Ялту?
2. С какого причала отходит наш теплоход?
3. Сколько стоит отдельная каюта 2-го класса до Одессы?
4. Этот пароход идет сквозным рейсом из Петербурга до Лондона. Он отходит из
Петербургского морского порта завтра в 8.30 утра.
5. У нас 8 мест. Надо взять двух носильщиков. Эти три места сдадим в багаж в трюм.
Остальные возьмем с собой в каюту.
6. Пароход опоздал на полтора часа из-за сильного шторма.
7. Скажите, пожалуйста, как пройти: (а) в первый класс, (б) в третий класс, (в) в каюту, (г)
к причалу, у которого идет посадка на теплоход, (д) в салон 2-го класса, (е) в бассейн
для плавания, (ж) к первому помощнику капитана (к врачу), (з) в машинное отделение,
(и) на верхнюю палубу (на нос, корму)?
8. Это судно заходит в какие-либо порты до Петербурга?
9. Наш порт назначения — Мурманск.
10. Переход был очень тяжелым. Мы попали в сильный шторм. Судно сильно качало.
Большинство пассажиров страдало от морской болезни.
11. Мой сын перенес это морское путешествие, как настоящий моряк. Я же очень страдал
от качки, особенно от бортовой.
12. Возьмем билеты на этот рейс. Я так долго ждала этой поездки!
13. Сейчас очень трудно достать билеты на пароходы этой линии. Сезон в полном разгаре.
Очень многие хотят провести свой отпуск на море, совершив морскую прогулку вдоль
южного берега Крыма и Кавказского побережья.
14. Это самое быстрое и комфортабельное судно, курсирующее на этой линии.
15. Открой иллюминатор! В каюте очень душно.
16. Закрой иллюминатор. В каюте становится холодно (свежо).
17. Эти пилюли избавят вас от морской болезни.
18. Опусти мне верхнюю койку. Я хочу постелить постель.
Ех. 7. Render the story:
Однажды мне пришлось пересекать бухту Сан-Франциско на маленьком корабле. Нельзя
сказать, что «Мартинес», на котором я плыл, был ненадежным судном, этот новый
пароход уже совершал свой четвертый или пятый рейс на переправе между Слусалито и
Сан-Франциско. Опасность таилась в густом тумане, окутавшем бухту, но я ничего не
смыслил в мореходстве и не догадывался об этом. Я весело расположился на носу
парохода на верхней палубе под самой рулевой рубкой и смотрел на море. Я был в
хорошем настроении, так как, поднявшись на пароход и устроившись в своей каюте, я
заглянул в кают-компанию, где увидел одного из пассажиров, читающего мою статью в
“Атлантике”. Мои размышления прервал гудок за гудком, которые давал невидимый
корабль, пытаясь разойтись с нами. “Пассажирский или грузовой?” — спросил я одного из
матросов. “ Пассажирский, — сказал он, — иначе не летел бы на такой скорости, пытаясь
нас обогнать. Это опасно. Держитесь за что-нибудь”. Суда столкнулись, прежде чем я
успел воспользоваться его советом. Я вспомнил, что спасательные пояса хранятся в
салоне и каютах, и кинулся туда, но у дверей столкнулся с обезумевшей толпой и кинулся
на палубу. Матросы спускали шлюпки, одна из них перевернулась, когда женщины и дети
сели в нее, другую шлюпку не удалось спустить.
Я спустился на нижнюю палубу. “Мартинес” быстро погружался, вода подступала к краю
борта. Многие стали прыгать за борт. Другие, уже плавающие в воде, просили, чтобы их
подняли на борт. Везде стояли крики ”Тонем!” Я схватил спасательный пояс, который
валялся у борта, и прыгнул в воду.
(Джек Лондон. Морской волк)
Speech Exercises

Ex. 1. Answer the questions.


1. Have you ever travelled by ships?
2. Are you a good sailor?
3. Have you ever read, heard about a shipwreck?
4. What are the advantages of the sea voyage?
5. What are the disadvantages of the sea voyage?

6. Do you prefer to travel on board a big ship or on a smaller vessel? Why?


7. What is a liner?
8. What is a cargo ship?
9. What is a light house for?
10. How is a passenger steamer arranged inside?
11. Where do passengers rest and sleep in the ship?
12. By whom are cabins on ships cleaned?
13. What berth do you prefer?
14. What services can you get on board a modern liner?
15. What kinds of ships and boats have you ever seen?
16. Do passengers stay in their cabins in fine weather? If not, where do they stay?
17. Through what does the fresh air come into the cabins?
18. How do we call large rooms on the ship?
19. Where do passengers take their meals on board a ship?
20. Who takes care of all the passengers need on board a ship?
21. What safety devices are there on board a ship?

Ex. 2. What do you say if...


1. you want to make sure over the phone whether the river-boat will put in on time?
2. yon want to find ont when the next boat sails for Samara?
3. you do not want some heavy luggage with you in the cabin?
4. yon want to inquire whether your friend has had a comfortable journey?
5. the storm they ran through was really heavy?
6. you want to inquire whether you will have sufficient time to go ashore in Sukhumi?
7. you want to find out where to apply for information on booking with the Odessa—Batumi
line?
8. you want to unscrew the porthole?
9. you want to find out the difference in the charge of a stateroom and cabin?
10. you want to instruct the porter to take your luggage below to your cabin?
11. you want the porter to go down and fetch the luggage from your cabin below on to the deck?

Ex. 3. Speak about safety devices on board a ship which can be used in case of emergency.
Ex. 4. Say if you are a good sailor. Which affects you worse, the pitching or the rolling of a
ship. Is there a cure for seasickness?
Ex. 5. Say if you prefer to travel on board a big ship or on a smaller vessel. Give your
reasons.
Ex. 6. Suppose you wish to book a first class cabin on a big ship. Make this booking.
Ex. 7. Suppose you want to find out whether a passage can be booked on the next boat to
London, where do you go and what do you ask for?
Ex. 8. Your friend suggests spending your summer holiday paddling a canoe. What would
you say to that?
Ex. 9. Give your pros and cons on travelling by sea.
Ex. 10. Describe any voyage you’ve read about in a book or seen , film.
Ex. 11. Comment on these quotations:
1. All the rivers run into the sea, yet the sea is not full. (Ecclesiastes. I. 7)
2.
Praise the sea, on shore remain. (John Florid)
3. He that will learn to pray, let him go to sea. (Herbert)
4. The sea hath no king but God alone. (Rossetti)
5. Don't give up the ship. (James Lawrence)
6. They that go down to the sea in ships, that do business in great waters. (Psalms. CVII. 23)
7. Ships are but boards, sailors but men. (Shakespeare)
8. There breaks in every Gloucester wave a widowed woman’s heart. (Elizabeth Ward)
Unit 5. Travelling by Car

Vocabulary
1. brake, to brake тормоз, тормозить
2. collision (crash) столкновение, авария
3. engine двигатель
4. gas station заправочная станция
5. garage гараж
6. petrol, gas (short form for «gasoline») бензин
7. gears, to go into Ist, привод, переключаться на
2nd gear первую, вторую скорость
8. pump, to pump насос, накачивать
9. receipt квитанция
10. to signal сигнализировать
11. violation of нарушение правил
a traffic law дорожного движения
12. to give smb a lift, to thumb a lift, to offer a lift подвести кого-либо
13. driver's licence водительские права
14. to cross the street пересекать улицу
15. to rent a car — to hire a car арендовать машину
16. sidewalk . тротуар
17. gallon - 3.8 liters галлон
18. steering wheel руль
19. wheel колесо
20. front seat переднее сиденье
21. back seat заднее сиденье
22. headlight фара
23. windshield wiper стеклоочиститель
24. horn сирена автомобиля
25. bumper бампер
26. shock absorber амортизатор
27. fender крыло (автомобиля)
28. tank цистерна, резервуар
29. trunk магистраль, главная линия
30. traffic lights светофор
31. rearview mirror зеркало заднего вида
32. bonnet hood дверца в капоте
33. parking brake стояночный тормоз
34. foot brake ножной тормоз
35. exhaust system вытяжное устройство
36. pedestrian пешеход
37. to park a car парковать машину
38. to get in/off сесть в машину/выйти из
машины
Dialogues

1. At the Gas Station.


— What can I do for you?
— Fill it up, please.
— I guess your car takes unleaded gas (бензин без примеси).
— That's correct.
(Attendant finishes pumping the gas.)
— How much gas did it take?
— Eight gallons.
— Would you check the oil, please?
(Attendant checks the oil.)
— It's below the full mark.
— Please, fill it up.
— Will you wash the wind-shield (ветровое стекло) for me?
— Okay. Should I check the tyres too?
— Please, do.
(Attendand fills the tyres with air.)
— How much do I owe you?
— 11 dollars even.
(Pays for service.)
— One more thing. What's the best way for me to get to interstate highway 87?
— No problem, sir.
(Explains the way to be taken.)
— Thank you. Next week I’ll come again for tune-up (отрегулировать машину). I need a major
one.
— Our mechanic will be more than happy to help you. If possible, try to make an appointment
with our mechanic.
— Of course, I’ll try.

2.
(The man just arrived at a car rental office to pick up the car he reserved.)
— Good morning. May 1 help you?
— Yes, my name's Taylor. I reserved a car.
— Yes, Mr. Taylor, here's your reservation for a Ford Granada. Did.you want any extra
insurance on that?
- I don't know... What kind of coverage do you offer?
- Liability is included, and we have 350 dollar deductible collision, so if you have an accident,
you pay us 350 dollars. For a charge of 5 dollars a day, we'll waive your responsibility for
collision damage. It's sort of like additional coverage.
— Well, 5 dollars a day sounds reasonable, if 1 don't have to pay anything in case the car is
damaged.
— All right. How about personal accident?
— Well, 1 don't know. What does it cover?
— Medical expenses up to 2,000 dollars for the driver and each passenger in case of accident
and, well, here... this folder will describe it for you.
— Mmm... no, 1 don't think this'll be necessary, thanks.
— All right, here's your rental agreement. Just sign here, please.
3.
— Did you call a cab?
— Yes, 1 did.
— Okay. Where to, lady?
— The Twilight Room.
— Uh, is that the one in the Riverview Hotel?
— No, it's at the corner of the 5th and Market downtown.
— Oh, sure, 1 know where that is. I’ll take you there in no time.
— Fine.
4.
— You are a famous racing-driver. You've had a very dangerous life, haven't you, Joe? 1 mean,
you've almost been killed several
times, haven't you?
— Yes, 1 suppose that's right.
— When was your worst accident?
— I’d say last year. It was during the British Grand Prize. I smashed into a wall. The car was
completely ruined and my left leg was broken. Luckily, nobody was killed.
— Is that the only time you've been close to death?
— No. Once, during the Mexican Grand Prize, two cars in front of me had a bad accident. One
of them ran into the other. I swerved to avoid them and hit a fence. My car was badly damaged
but luckily I wasn't even hurt.
— You must enjoy danger. 1 mean, you wouldn't be a racing-driver if you didn't, wonld you?
— I don't know about that. 1 had a very frightening experience quite recently. 1 was frightened
to death! 1 thought 1 was going to be killed at any moment.
— Really? When was that? During your last race?
— No. It was on my way to this studio. 1 had to drive through London during the lunch
hour.
5.
— Have you or has anyone you know ever seen or had an accident?
— I once backed into my neighbour's car.
— Oh, dear!
— I simply didn't look. He was parked in front of his house doing no harm to anyone. In fact, he
was indoors asleep and I backed out of the garage. 1 can't imagine why 1 didn't look and the next
thing 1 knew there was a sort of crunch.
- Uh, heavens! What happened? Was he angry?
- Well, he seemed to be more annoyed about being woken up!
- Oh, dear!
TEXT 1. RENT A CAR
This is a car rental advertisement you would find in a phone book if you looked up under Car
Rentals in the Yellow Pages. The two largest American car rental companies, Hertz and Avis,
have offices all r the U.S., with counters at most airports and in many international cities. Other
national car rental companies you can find at airports, such as Thrifty, National, Budget or
Dollar, have offices in other countries, too, so you may want to reserve a car through your travel
agent in your own country.
In order to rent a car, you have to have a major credit card, such as ter Card or Visa, or a credit
card with the company itself. Without a credit card you may have to pay a very high deposit on
the car.
It is also possible to rent used cars rather than new cars. Rent-A-Junker and Ugly Duckling,
which have offices in 40 states, are two of the many used car rental companies. Their rates are
often lower and they don't always demand a credit card. Sometimes they have special offers that
make the total cost of renting a car even lower.

Answer the questions:


1. If you don't have a credit card, will it be easier to rent a car from Hertz or Ugly
Duckling?
2. Name some other rent-a-car companies. If you want to drive a new car, which companies
should you go to?
3. Which is cheaper at Ugly Duckling — the daily or the weeekly rate?
4. Does Ugly Duckling have a special offer? Explain it.
5. You rent an Ugly Duckling car and drive it for three days. Which rate applies? How
much do you have to pay per mile?
6. You have the car a week and drive 800 miles. Do yon have to pay more than $70? Why?
7. Does Ugly Duckling have a counter at the airport?
8. How can you get to the Ugly Duckling city office airport?

TEXT 2. CAR DRIVING AND TRAFFIC REGULATIONS


I. With traffic congestion in big cities getting worse from year to year walking
may soon becomethe surest way of getting places. But even the pedestrian has to obey the
traffic rules if he wants to get there safe and sound.
Here are some things to remember:
1. Obey the traffic lights. Don't cross before the light turns green or the signal reads «walk».
2. Don't cross streets in the middle of a block.
3. The pedestrian walks on a sidewalk in the U.S., but on the pavement in Britain.
II. If you are out to hail a taxi cruising the streets look out for the lighted roof sign «taxi». You
may find it easier to pick up a cab at the taxi stand (rank). Passengers pay by the meter. In the
United States there is an additional toll for bridges and tunnels on the way.
III. Those of you who will have to drive a car while travelling abroad should start by getting an
international driving permit (licence) back home. Always keep your driving licence and
registration paper on you.
1. Remember that motoring regulations (highway code) are strictly enforced. In the USA you
drive on the right. In Britain, Japan and several other countries you must keep to the left.
2. Parking in many cities can be a problem. Remember there are such things as «No Parking»
signs, parking meters, and parking lots.
3. If you violate the parking laws you are sure to find a «ticket» pasted on your windscreen.
This is a summons to appear in court. You may either send payment for your fine by mail or
pay your fine in person in court.
THINGS TO DO
1. Read the Text and say what one should get if one is going to drive a car while travelling
abroad.
2. Say what the differences are in some countries between motoring regulations?

TEXT 3.
I had a new car. It was an exciting toy, a big BMV 3.3 Li, which means 3.3 litre, long wheelbase,
fuel injection. It had a top speed of 129 mph and terrific acceleration. The body was pale blue.
The seats inside were darker blue and they were made of leather, genuine softleather of the finest
quality. The windows were electrically operated and so was the sun-roof. The radio aerial
popped up when I switched on the radio, and disappeared when I switched it off. The powerful
engine growled and grunted impatiently at slow speeds, but at sixty miles an hour the growling
stopped and the motor began to purr with pleasure.
I was driving up to London by myself. It was a lovely June day. They were haymaking in the
fields and there were buttercups along both sides of the road. I was whispering along at
seventy miles an hour, leaning back comfortably in my seat, with no more than a couple of
fingers resting lightly on the wheel to keep her steady.
Ahead of me I saw a man thumbing a lift. I touched the footbrake and brought the car to a stop
beside him. I always stopped for hitch-hikers. I knew just how it used to feel to be standing
on•the side of a country road watching the cars go by. I hated the drivers pretending they didn't
see me, especially the ones in big cars with three empty seats. The large expensive cars seldom
stopped. It was always the smaller ones that offered you a lift, or the old rusty ones. or the ones
that were already crammed full of children and the driver would say, «I think we can squeeze in
one more».
The hitch-hiker poked his head through. «Yes... 1 said... Jump in».
He got in and I drove on.
(R. Dahl. The Hitch-hiker)
THINGS TO DO
A. Questions.
1. Can you describe the writer's car?
2. Where was the writer driving to?
3. What did the writer do when he saw a man?
4. What was the writer's attitude towards hitch-hikers?
5. What kind of cars usually offered hitch-hikers a lift?
B. Give a summary of the Text in the name of (a) the writer. (b) the hitch-hiker.
TEXT 4
Read the passage and answer the questions
1. Why did the author ask for a lift?
2. Why did the chauffeur give a lift to the author?
3. Do you ever give lifts to people or get lifts from people?
4. Have you ever hitch-hiked?
Exhausted at the end of two days filming in a small part at Pinewood Studios, 1 found that no
transport back to London was available and began the four mile walk to Oxbridge station in the
rain. Then a limousine stopped beside me.
«Like a lift into London, lady?» inquired the smiling chauffeur.
«You're very kind», I said, «Are you sure?»
«Just carrying out the boss' orders», he replied, «Every day he says to me when l've dropped
him: «Don't know when I’ll finish. I’ll go back on my own. You just take the car and drive home
anyone who's walking».
«What’s your boss’ name? » I asked thankfully as the car purred softly on.M
«Eh? It’s Michael-Michael Caine».

Vocabulary Exercises
Ex. 1. Compare and find the equivalents.
American English British English
to rent boot
fender petrol
hood pavement
windshield caravan
trunk to hire
tire wing/mud guard
licence plate filling station
gas/gasoline windscreen
gas station tyre
trailer/camper/mobile home pavement
underpass bonner
sidewalk subway
detour number plate

Ex. 2. Explain the difference between the following words:

liability insurance/personal accident insurance


cash/charge
deposit/refund
ticket/summons
coverage/deductible
mileage/mph
regular/unleaded/premium
mini-serve/full-serve\self-serve
fender/bumper
turn signals/tail lights/head lights
footbrake/parking brake
trunk/hood
injury/damage
Ex. 3. Insert the missing words:
— What'll it be today, ma'am?
— Ten dollars worth of unlead, please. Here's the key to the...
— Coming right up... . Check the oil for you today?
— Yes, please, and could you get the windshield too?
— Sure thing. Open the... for me, will you? There's a lever inside there.
— Oh, yes, of course.
— Okay, ma'am, that’ll be ten... .
— Here you are.
— Thanks. You take... now.

Ex. 4. Insert prepositions, conjunctions or adverbs if necessary.


1. Cars bring air pollution... our cities.
2. Cars don't save time... all... the cities... ... traffic jams.
3. If you travel.... car you can stop and see beautiful places... your way.
4. Is it possible to live... a car... the city?
5. Do you think it's wise to forbid cars.. coming... the centre.. the ... the city?
6. There are... 2.5 million cars moving... the roads... the USA.. any given moment.
7. ...Russia the traffic keeps... the right, ... Britain it keeps... the left.
8. Why must pedestrians be careful... crossing the road? Do you cross the road... the red or green
light?
Ex. 5. Complete the following sentences using words from the Vocabulary List. Try to
think of as many variants as possible.
Driving in Britain
- Vehicles drive on the... .
— The... limits are: Built-up areas = 30 mph (48 kph);
Single carriageway... == 60 mph (97 kph);
Motorways == 70 mph (113 kph).
— Wearing a... in the... seats of a car has been compulsory since 1983.In 1989 it became law for
children under 14 to wear... in the... seats. Since July 1991... must also be worn by adults in... -
this applies to taxis as well as cars.
— People can... a... test at 17 years and over.
— A British... licence is valid until the... 70th birthday.
— Unleaded... is... than leaded..., to encourage... to use it. The British are concerned about... to
the environment.
— Most... stations are self- ...
— Over 65% of British households have the... of one or more cars.

Ех. 6. Render into English:


Однажды мой босс, мистер Каравай, попросил меня перегнать машину из аэропорта
домой. Они с женой уезжали куда-то за границу отдыхать, и я должна была отвести
машину в гараж. Я нашла машину на платной стоянке. Она была белая и сияла на солнце.
Я пошла и посмотрела на капоте ее марку. Это был «Тенденрберг». Я села в машину.
Дверца, казалось, захлопнулась сама. Золотисто-песочные сиденья — под цвет
внутренней окраски, — блестели, ослепительно сверкали хромированные детали. На
щитке и даже между сиденьями было множество кнопок и ручек. Я заставила себя
посмотреть на них. Каравай сказал правильно: под ногами я не нашла педали сцепления. Я
наклонилась, чтобы рассмотреть переключатель скоростей. Кроме нейтрального заднего
хода там было всего два положения: одно трогаться, другое ехать. Я сняла с правой ноги
туфлю, чтобы каблук не мешал мне нажимать на акселератор и медленно тронулась с
места.
Сначала машина резко дернулась, потому что я слишком сильно нажала на акселератор,
но тут же мягко поплыла вперед. А затем начался какой-то цирк. Я металась во все
стороны по аллеям перед аэровокзалом и неизбежно налетала на кирпич. Какой-то
водитель, ехавший за мной, обозвал меня скрягой за то, что я не включала указатель
поворота, а я, прежде чем нашла, как его включать, хотя это оказалось легче легкого,
включила дворник, печку, затем радио и опустила стекло правой дверцы. Я была на грани
нервного припадка, когда мне, наконец, удалось поставить машину на стоянку, с которой
десять минут назад я уехала. Я заглянула в ящичек для перчаток. Там оказались только
квитанции об уплате штрафа на стоянках с ограничением времени, счета из гаражей и
дорожные карты. Я также обнаружила технический паспорт машины и страховой полис. Я
вышла из машины, решив взглянуть, что находится в багажнике: тряпки, спущенное
колесо и проспект фирмы «Тенденрберг». Когда я вновь села за руль, меня привело в
восторг, что он отодвигается вправо, чтобы удобнее было садиться, и снова блокируется,
как только включаешь мотор. Я не спеша изучила все приборы на щитке. На спидометре
было написано, что максимальная скорость 200 лье в час. Я была потрясена.
Я с королевским величием дала задний ход, выехала со стоянки. развернулась у
аэровокзала и у первого же перекрестка остановилась. Одна стрелка указывала
направление на Париж, другая на юг, и я поехала на юг, обгоняя машины и радуясь, что
ил меня все смотрят с завистью.
(С. Жапризо. Дама в очках и с ружьем в автомобиле)
Speech Exercises

Ex. 1. Answer the questions.

1. What are the advantages and disadvantages of having (using) cars?


2. Do you think that to forbid cars in the cities is a good idea? In what parts of Ekaterinburg
is it possible to forbid cars?
3. Where does one need a car more: in town or in the country? Why?
4. Why do car accidents happen?
5. Is it easy to drive in Ekaterinburg (in a big city)?
6. When can one get a driving licence?

Ex. 2. Say what you ought to do to rent a car or some other vehicle in the USA. Discuss the
same problem in our country.
Ex. 3. Say why some people avoid driving in the rush hours.
Ex. 4. Discuss:
A Imagine that you were driving into a car park when you bumped into a parked car and
scratched it all down one side. Yon could , not find the driver of the other car to tell him
what had happenpd. What would you do if (a) there were no witnesses, (b) there were a
number of witnesses?
B Read the Text and say what a well-wisher did in the similar situation.
Returning to the car Mr. Brown had left in a nearby car park, he was rather perturbed to find one
side of the vehicle all scratched and dinted. Seeing a note on the windscreen, he breathed a sigh
of relief for he thought that the culprit had left his name and address so, at least he could make a
claim for the damage against the other driver's insurance company. However, on opening the
note, his relief turned to dismay when he read:
Dear Driver,
I’ve just run into your car and made a hell of a mess of it. As a crowd has gathered, 1 am forced
to appear as if writing you this note to apologize and to leave you my name and address. As you
can see, however, this I have not done!
A Well-wisher
Unit 6. Tourism and Sightseeing

Vocabulary
1. to go/to do sightseeing осматривать достопримечательности
2. to see the sights /the places of interest/the city осматривать
достопримечательности/город
3. to catch a glimpse of the city мельком увидеть город
4. to go/to walk about town прогуливаться по городу
(go along/up/down/the street) идти вдоль/вверх/вниз по улице
5. to take pictures фотографировать
6. to take an (no/some/little) interest in (не)интересоваться (немного) чем-либо
7. to be/to get interested in (disappointed/ заинтересоваться/быть очарованным
fascinated by) (разочарованным) чем-либо
8. to be of (no) interest to представлять интерес
9. to give an impression of life производить живое впечатление
10. clean/well-kept/wonderful/ чистые/ухоженные/замечательные/
reconstructed cities восстановленные города
11. narrow/crooked/ empty lanes узкие/извилистые/пустые улицы
12. broad/straight/crowded/ streets (avenues) широкие/прямые/людные улицы (аллеи)
13. interesting/beautiful/wonderful/ интересные/красивые/чудесные/
attractive/magnificent places притягательные/великолепные места
14. impressive/majestic/grand/ugly/ впечатляющие/величественные/большие/
dilapidated buildings уродливые/полуразрушенные здания
15. a centre of trade центр торговли
16. a palace дворец
17.a market рынок
18.a temple храм
19.a statue статуя
20.a castle замок
21 a cathedral собор
22. be named after быть названным в честь
23. ancient (modern) city древний (современный) город
24. the capital of столица
25. to cover a vast (small) area занимать большую (маленькую)
территорию
26. millions of inhabitants миллионы жителей
27. first... then... finally сначала…затем…наконец
28. to be composed of... (to include, состоять из…(включать,
to stretch from... to) простираться с…до…)
29. to run eastward (westward) располагаться в восточном направлении
30. have many different faces быть многоликим
31. be centred (situated) in находиться в…
32. shopping and entertainment centre торговый и развлекательный центр
33. slums and poverty трущобы и бедность
34. good (bad) housing conditions хорошие (плохие) жилищные условия
35. to be worth seeing стоить того, чтобы посмотреть
36. to be founded (built, constructed, быть основанным (построенным,
created) in... созданным в)
37. to be decorated by columns (sculpture, быть украшенным колоннами
(скульптурой,
statuery, arch, dome, spire) аркой, куполом, шпилем)
38. to be made up of marble (granite, быть сделанным из мрамора
(гранита,
bronze, stone) бронзы, камня)
39. to be built in classical (baroque, быть построенным в классическом
(барокко,
Gothic, modern) style готическом, модерн) стиле
40. to be erected (set up)... быть воздвигнутым
41. to look stately (magnificent, wonderful, выглядеть величественно (великолепно,
splendid, dilapidated) чудесно, прекрасно, ветхо)
42. rank among the most famous in the world входить в разряд наиболее известных в
мире
43. be a lover of the fine arts (history, etc) быть любителем изобразительных
искусств
44. have rich collections of works of art иметь богатую коллекцию произведений
(drawings, manuscripts, antiquities etc) искусства (рисунков, рукописей,
древностей)
45. admire works of art by great masters восхищаться произведениями искусства
(artists, sculptors) великих мастеров (художников,
скульпторов)
46. appreciate highly высоко ценить
47. be impressed with находиться под впечатлением чего-либо

For asking the way use:


Excuse me, I’ve lost my way. Where is...?
Could you direct me to...?
Can (could) you tell me the way to...?
How do 1 get from here to...?
How do I find...?
Have 1 taken the right way to...?
Could I trouble you, please? 1 want to get to... .
How long will it take me to get to...?
Which is the right (shortest) way to...?
Is there a bus (tram, trolleybus) from here to...?
How far is it? (Is it far?) Will this bus take me to...?

For replies use:

Go (keep) straight on along the street.


Take the first (second) turning on your left/right.
Turn to the left/right.
You'll find it just round the corner.
Over there.
Go by bus (train, the underground).
You’lll have to change on to a bus. The bus (tram, the underground) will take you as far as...
It'll take you half an hour to get there.
Get off at the next stop.
This way, please.
Dialogues

ASKING FOR DIRECTIONS


1.
- Pardon me, sir. Could you tell me how to get to the bus terminal?
- Turn left at the corner
- Thank you.
- You are welcome.
2.— 1 beg your pardon. Where's the nearest subway station?
— It's right down the street.
— Thank you.
3.
— Good afternoon. I’d like to ask you how to get to Brooklyn College.
— Where are you starting from?
— At Jackson Heights.
— Roosevelt Avenue?
— That's correct.
— Take train number 7, get off at Times Square and transfer there to train number 2. Get off at
the last stop.
— Is Brooklyn College within walking distance from there?
— Yes, it is.
— Thank you.
— You are welcome.
4.
— Hi, Alexander. Where are you? At the corner of Taylor Avenue and Duke Streets? Wait there.
I’ll be there in five minutes.
— It's not necessary. 1 drove the car from New Haven. Give me the directionss. I’ll find my
way.
— All right. Go north on Duke Street to Shore Drive. You can’t miss the large supermarket
there. Turn left there. Continue on Stevenson Avenue to Fourth Street. Make a right turn and go
to the middle of the block. I’ll wait for you in front of the house.
— 1 got it. See you soon, Edward.
5.
— I’m afraid we’re lost.
— We’d better ask for direction.
— Okay. I’ll ask in the next gas station.
— How do we get to York Village?
— You're going west, but you should be going east.
— Should we make a U-turn?
— Yes. Make a U-turn and go straight. Then turn to the right at the traffic lights. That's
intterstate 95. Take intterstate 95 for about 15 miles and then get off at Roundview. You can’t
miss your destination.
— Thank you very much.

TEXT 1. TRAVELLING AROUND BRITAIN


Every year more than eleven million tourists visit Britain. In fact. tourism is an important
industry, employing thousands of people. Most visitors come in the summer months, when they
can expect good weather. In July and August, the streets of London are full of' the sound of
French, Italian, Japanese, Arabic and German.
Tourists usually spend a few days in London, then go on to some of other well-known cities.
Oxford and Stratford-on-Avon (birthplace Shakespeare) are visited most often. Bnt Bath in the
west, with Roman ruins and beautiful eighteen-century streets, is also very popular. So is York,
the oldest city in the north and Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland.
The main tourist places are crowded with coaches and ice-cream sellers. But in the quiet country
area, there are many interesting places that few tourists find. Some, like the old yellow stone
villages of the Cotswolds, in central England, have already been “discovered”. But there are
beautiful villages in other parts of the country, too. ln the typical English village the cottages
crowd round an old church, which is often full of history. And nearly there might be a big, old,
house, once lived in by the “squire” and his family, now open to public. There are no coach tours
or hotels here. Visitors go to the houses with the “Bed and Breakfast” signs. It’s more fun – and
much cheaper – to stay with a British family.
Perhaps the least visited places in Britain are the old industrial towns. But many people think that
nineteenth-century cities, like Manchester, Liverpool, Birmingham and Glasgow, show the real
Britain. The greatness of the past is still to be seen in their old streets and squares. But their
golden age of industrial wealth is over. They have serious difficulties with unemployment and
bad housing. The cheap, concrete buildings of the 1960s already look old and dirty. But for the
adventurous tourist these cities are full of life and colour. Local pop groups play in busy pubs.
The plays in their theatres are often as good as those in London. International musicians and
entertainers perform in their concert halls and opera houses.
The easiest way to see Britain is to join a coach tour and follow the guide. That way, you’ll see
the tourist face of Britain, but there’ll be many other things you won’t see at all...
(from “Faces of Britain”)

THINGS TO DO
A. Questions.
1. Why is tourism considered to be an important industry?
2. When do most visitors come?
3. Where do tourists usually go and why?
4. What places are also worth visiting?
5. What are the least visited places in Britain?
6. Which is the easiest way to see Britain?
7. Is the easiest way the best way to discover the country?
B. Give a short summary of the text.

TEXT 2. THE TOURIST AUTHORITY VIEW


Tourism is already Britain’s fifth most important industry and is also the fifth largest tourist
industry in the world. It is growing rapidly: the number of people employed in the industry
increased by more thab 50,000 a year during the late 1980s. Spending by tourists in Britain in
1995 amounted to 18,88 million, and has been increasing since.
Britain has a rich and varied cultural heritage. Colourful royal ceremonies attract millions of
visitors each year as do Britain’s 450 stately and ancestral homes. London has an international
reputation for its historic sites, museums and famous institutions: of these Madame Tussaud's is
the most popular, attracting more than tw million visitors each year. Historic cities such as
Oxford, Cambridge-and Bath are visited by large numbers of tourists. People who travel to
Scotland, the Lake District and other areas of upland Britain find beautiful scenery which can
vary dramatically over short distance;. International cnltural events such as the Edinburgh
Festival attract many visitors.
Some of the most popular attractions to have opened in the 1980-are outside London and include
the Jorvik Viking Centre in York, the Tudor ship, the Mayr Rose Exhibition in Portsmouth and
National Museum of Photography in Bradford, as well as the Burrel Collection in Glasgow and
the Albert Dock development in Liverpool. These are in addition to older popular tourist
destinations such as Shakespear’s birthplace and the theatre in Stratford-on-Avon.
(“Britain Explored”)
THINGS TO
Questions
How important is tourism in Britain?
What examples are given of tourist sites (a) in London, (b) outside London?
What are the most popular attractions in Scotland?
Which of the tourist attractions mentioned would you be most interested in?
What other features of British life would attract tourists?
Give a short summary of the text.

TEXT 4. HOLIDAYS IN BRITAIN


A. Although more and more people are going abroad for then holidays, a third of British
holiday-makers still. go for a traditional seaside holiday in Britain. It was the British who
started the fashion for seaside holidays — not surprisingly, since nobody in Britain lives
more than 120 km from the sea. The trek to the sea began at the end of the eighteenth
century, when fashionable London society followed the Prince Regent (later George IV) to
Brighton, a small town fifty miles from London. The prince found the climate agreeable and
built himself summer pavilion there. Today Brighton is a popular place for holiday-makers
and the pavilion is used as a museum, assembly room and concert hall. Many Londoners go
there for the day during the summer, and Brighton has been called “London by the sea”
B. Iwyn and Mary Williams have never been abroad. Most of their neighbours have been on
package holidays to Spanish reson and Mary would like to go to Spain next summer. It
would cost more than a seaside holiday in Britain but not much more.
Iwyn is not so sure. He likes going to Brighton every year. They sit on the crowded, stony
beach, sleep in the sun, listen to the transistor radio and ocassionally have a swim in the sea.
In the evenings they go to concerts of light music or funny shows, and they often spend an
hour or two on the pier. Piers are a speciality of British seaside towns. They stretch out to
sea, carrying their iron legs restaurants, theatres, dance halls and other places of amusement.
Iwyn spends hours putting coins in slot machines, hoping to win a prize, whilst Mary visits
the fortune-teller or has her photographs taken wearing a hat with “Brighton” painted on it
it. On their way back to the hotel, they walk under the bright lights of the sea front eating
fish and chips out of a newspaper.
(from “Britain Today”)

THINGS TO DO
Questions.

1. Where do the British spend their holidays?


2. Who started the fashion for seaside holidays?
3. What was the king's contribution to making Brighton a fashionable resort?
4. Can you explain what term “package holidays” means?
5. Where do the Williams prefer to spend their holidays?
6. What do they usually do in Brighton during the day (in the evenings)?
7. Where do you like to spend your holidays? Why?

Vocabulary Exercises

Ex. 1. Insert prepositions, conjunctions or adverbs if necessary.


1. The man who loves life and people shows it... the way he walks... the street.
2. ..a small town people are never... a hurry.
3. ...a big city we spend a lot of time... public transport, we talk.. our friends mostly... the phone.
4. “When a man is tired... London, he is tired... life:... there is ...London all that life can afford”, .
wrote Samuel Johnson...1777. He would recognize the sights... both sides... the Thames, winding
its way... Hampton Court and the Houses... Parliament... St. Paul’s, London Bridge and the
Tower, down... Greenwich and the sea.
5. The 20th century was... to enforce dramatic changes..the London skyline — skyscrapers... the
City, the Post Office Tower, an arts centre... the South Bank and arising now, Docklands, the
business centre... the 21st century.
6. Documented history... London goes back... the time when Westminster was still a marsh.
7. Big Ben, the voice... London, has been telling the time... the second... 1859. Construction... the
320-foot clock tower began... the year Queen Victoria came... the throne.
8. Marble Arch designed... John Nash... 1827, based... the Arch-.. Constantine... Rome, was
moved... outside Buckingham Palace.. its present site in 1851.
9. Trafalgar Square... the National Gallery... the North Side and Whitehall... the South is
frequented... much... pigeons... ...
people.
10. Scyscrapers are now found... cities... the world.
11. ...one of the guide-books you will read: “To see the views... the highest offices... the tallest
buildings... the foot... Manhattan is to know why Icarus wanted to fly”.
12. Rockfeller Centre was begun... the Great Depression... the 1930s... John Rockfeller and was
built... ... one general plan. The Complex consists... 19 skyscrapers. All parts... the complex are
lixked... underground passageways.
13. Situated... the mouth... the deep Hudson River, New York has always been the gateway... the
USA.
14. 1 come... a small town... Illinois that I’m sure you never even heard... .

Ex. 2. On the Map.


Write the missing words in the diagram. Then complete sentence number 12.
1. ...Victoria is in East Africa; ...Superior is in Canada. (4)
2. Asia is one; Europe is another; Africa is another. (9)
3. Vesuvius is a...; so is Etna; and Popocatepetl; and Krakatoa.(7)
4. The Danube is a...; so is the Thames; and the Amazon. (5)
5. The Niagara falls are on the U.S. — Canada... . (6)
6. An area full of trees, such as the Black... in Germany. (6)
7. The Atlantic, for example; or the Pacific or the Indian. (5)
8. Fuji, for example, or the Matterhorn; or Kilimanjaro. (8)
9.A dry region, such as the Sahara, the Gobi, and the Kalahari. (6)
10.Sri Lanka is an...; so is Cyprus, and Tahiti. (6)
11.San Francisco is on the West... of the USA. (5)
12. Answers 1 — 11 are all the part of the... .

1 12
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Ex. 3. Complete this postcard. You may need a word or phrase in each space.
High everyone,
I’ve been in Paris for over a week now and I’m having a great (1).............In the first few days I
did quite a lot of (2).............- the Effel Tower, Notre Dame, and all the usual tourist attractions.
Today I’ve been to a couple of interesting art (3)..............On my way back to the hotel I
discovered a really fascinating (4)................with lots of little stalls, selling just about everything
from apples to antiques.
I ate in the hotel the first night but usually I (5)...............for dinner – the restaurants are great
and I can get a set meal for less than 25 evros. I’m afraid I’ve (6).............a lot of money, but it’s
a great place. You’ll be able to see for yourself when I get back – I’ve taken lots of (7)..............
I hope you’re all well. I’ll write again next week.
Love, Emma

Ex.4. Good Place To Visit.


A friend has asked you to recommend a good place to go for a holiday in your country. Write
part of a letter, in which you answer these questions.
What’s the place called?
Where is it?
What’s the surrounding area like?
What can you do there?
What’s the weather like?
What’s the the best time of year to go there?

Ex. 5. Can you guess the missing endings?


A. A Return Ticket, Please.
I work in a railway ticket office. One day, a man came up to my window and asked for a return
ticket. After a long pause I finally said, with mounting impatience “To where?” To where?
Towhere?| There was another long pause. Then, after some obvious deep thought he replied, “...”
B. A Quick Trip.
One woman telephoned a travel agency and asked, “Can you tell me how long it takes to go by
plane from Paris to London?” “Just a minute, Madam”, said the employee. “...” she replied and...

Ex. 6. Render into English.


Меня зовут Дэниэль Лонюю Мне 26 лет, и я никогда не видела море. Чтобы увидеть море,
мне достаточно было взять двухнедельный отпуск, купить билет на поезд и по приезде
остановиться в пансионате Палава-ле-Фло. Другие так и поступают. Я тоже не раз хотела
это сделать, но у меня ничего не вышло. Вот уже' шесть лет я каждый раз пишу в
различные туристические компании, в гостиницы, мне присылают проспекты, я начинаю
приглядывать в витринах магазинов купальные костюмы и модные летние шляпки.
Однажды я даже чуть было не записалась в какой-то клуб организованного отдыха. Две
недели на Балеэрских островах, дорога в оба конца самолетом, и, конечно, осмотр.
Пальмы, оркестр, тренер по плаванию, яхта, закрепленные за ваши на все время вашего
отдыха, хорошая погода и еще масса всяких соблазнов, так что уже от одного чтения
проспектов покрываешься загаром. Но почему-то, сама не могу объяснить почему, я еду
не загорать на море, а провожу свой отпуск в гостинице Мон-бриана, департамент
Верхняя Луара, либо у моей школьной подруги, которая живет с мужем и свекровью в
деревне. И мы играем в бридж. И это не потому, что я очень застенчива, либо люблю
карты. Нужно обладать нахальством, чтобы потчевать знакомых рассказами о своих
похождениях на Лазурном берегу, когда в действительности я возвращаюсь из
Компьенского леса. Мой отпуск имеет одно преимущество: я с легкостью и без сожаления
забываю о нем, едва переступив порог своего кабинета.
(С. Жапризо. Дама в очках и с ружьем в автомобиле).
Speech Exercises

Ex. 1. Decide on a country near your own that people often travel to. How many ways are
there of getting from your country to the capital city of the nearby country? Write down
three different ways of travelling there, making notes of the advantages and disadvantages
of each way.
Ex. 2.
A. Say if you have ever travelled by car or by coach to some town or city in your country.
Describe your impressions.
B. . Do you have any cut-price tickets? Are they convenient? What might foreign visitors need
to know about ways of travelling around your country (city)? Discuss in a group.
Ex. 3.
A. Suppose you are lost in an unknown place while driving a car. Ask somebody for directions.
(Make up a dialogue.)
B Say what you should do in your country after an accident. Say if the British (Americans) do
the same. Start with: Keep calm. Do not discuss who is to blame. If there is no injury, move the
car to the side of the road so as not to disrupt the traffic.
Ex. 4. Make a list of as many different forms of transport as possible: Which ones do you use?
What are the various advantages and disadvantages of each of them?
Ex. 5. Make up the list of words under the following headings:
Road, Rail, Sea, Air.
Ex. 6. Say why many people are fond of travelling.
Ex. 7. Say what you think about walking tours.
Ex. 8.Think of a place in your country (a different place for each number) which is:
1) cosmopolitan
2) lively
3) famous for its historic monuments
4) worth visiting
5) not worth visiting
Ex. 9. You're at a tourist information office:
Student A: You're a tourist. Choose a place where you want to go. Find out how to get there.
Student B: You work at the tourist information office. Answer A’s questions.
Ex. 10. Say if you agree with the statement “Travelling is fun”.
Ex. 11. Comment on the following:
a) Travel is the name of an old disease which started in the late thirties and is now coming
to an end.
b) People travel because they are interested in different places or attracted by them.
c) Staying at home makes a person narrow-minded.
ЛИТЕРАТУРА

Nancy Church and Anne Moss. How to Survive in the USA. English for Travelers and
Newcomers. Cambridge University Press, 1983.
Мошняга Е.В. Английский язык для путешествий. Российская международная
академия туризма. М., 1998.
Колыхалова О.А., Махмурян К.С. Разговорный английский: Пособие для
старшеклассников и абитуриентов. Travel with us. АРКТИ, 2002.
Stuart Redman. English Vocabulary in Use, pre-intermediate & intermediate. Cambridge
University Press, 2003.
Учебно-методическое издание

Шабалиина Е.В.

Учебно-методическое пособие

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК ДЛЯ ПУТЕШЕСТВИЙ

ENGLISH FOR TRAVEL

Редактор Е.Ю. Базаров


Компьютерная верстка Я.С. Кожакина

Учредитель, издатель: Академия туризма и международных


отношений
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Сайт: www.uralinsttur.ru

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