Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 88

CONTENTS

UNIT-1:
Learning the Game (Prose)��������������������������������������������������������������������� 2
Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening (Poem)��������������������������������� 10
The Envious Neighbour (Supplementary)��������������������������������������������� 12
UNIT-2:
I Can’t Climb Trees Anymore (Prose)���������������������������������������������������� 12
A Poison Tree (Poem)��������������������������������������������������������������������������� 17
The Fun They Had (Supplementary)����������������������������������������������������� 17
UNIT-3:
Old Man River (Prose)��������������������������������������������������������������������������� 18
On Killing a Tree (Poem)����������������������������������������������������������������������� 22
Earthquake (Supplementary)����������������������������������������������������������������� 24
UNIT-4:
Seventeen Oranges (Prose)������������������������������������������������������������������ 25
The Spider and the Fly (Poem)������������������������������������������������������������� 29
The Cat and the Pain-Killer (Supplementary)���������������������������������������� 30
UNIT-5:
“Water-The Elixir of Life” (Prose) ���������������������������������������������������������� 32
The River (Poem)���������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 38
Little Cyclone: The Story of a Grizzly Cub (Supplementary)����������������� 39
UNIT-6:
From Zero to Infinity (Prose)������������������������������������������������������������������ 40
The Comet (Poem)�������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 44
Mother’s Voice (Supplementary) ���������������������������������������������������������� 45
UNIT-7:
A Birthday Letter (Prose)����������������������������������������������������������������������� 46
The Stick-Together Families (Poem)����������������������������������������������������� 50
The Christmas Truce (Supplementary)�������������������������������������������������� 52
VOCABULARY, GRAMMAR AND COMPOSITION
Vocabulary��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 52
Grammar������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 57
Composition ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 69
KEY TO 9th ENGLISH WORKBOOK
PROSE
LEARNING THE GAME [UNIT-1]
In Text Questions.
1. Sachin’s favourite players were Sunil Gavaskar and Viv Richards.
2. Shardashram Vidhyamandir in Mumbai gave due importance to the game of cricket.
3. The fact that Sachin was allowed to join the cricket camp transformed Sachin’s life.
4. Ajit and Sachin would talk about the nuances of batting while travelling.
5. As soon as Sachin returned from the morning practice session he would wash his cricket
clothes and hang it out to dry. He would wear them in the afternoon and wash them
again when he returned so that they would dry before morning.
6. Achrekar informed Ajit that Sachin had the potential to be a good cricketer if he practiced
all year round.
7. Achrekar suggested that Sachin join Shardashram Vidhyamandir where he was the coach
if Sachin wished to pursue playing cricket.
8. Channelling all his energy into playing cricket acted as a safety valve.
9. During the thirty minute break Sir would give him money to go have a vadapav which
was a popular Mumbai fast food.
10. At the end of the day Sir would place a one rupee coin on the stumps and if Sachin could
avoid being out then he would get the coin.
11. Sachin’s father would buy him a special fruit cocktail at a juice centre near the club just
to make him happy.
12. When the bus conductor would ask Sachin to buy two tickets because of his kitbag he
was embarrassed because he did not have the money. His dirty clothes were also an
embarrassment.
13. Sometimes playing with his friends was such fun that Sachin would forget that he had
to go to the nets.
14. Achrekar advised Sachin not to waste his time playing insane games with his friends
but to practice hard and see what magic could happen.
Answer the following questions.
1. Coach Archrekars first impression of Sachin was that he was too young to join the camp.
2. Sachin felt that the schedule was rigorous because he practiced between 7.30 a.m. and
10.30 a.m. Then he would come back in the afternoon and practice till late evening.
3. Ajit had given Sachin a note containing some thoughts about batting. This served Sachin
as a very personal coaching manual.
4. As the New English School in Bandra did not have cricket facilities, Sachin was asked to
move to Shardashram Vidhyamandir where Achrekar Sir was the cricket coach.

2 Key to English Workbook-9


5. The condition that Sachin’s father laid down for him to change schools was that he should
be serious about playing cricket.
6. The one rupee coin helped Sachin to concentrate even when he was physically drained.
7. The last part of Sachin’s training routine all through his summer holidays was to run two
full circuits of Shivaji Park with his pads and gloves on. This helped build his mental
and physical stamina.
8. Once when Sachin had bunked his daily evening practice to watch an inter-school cricket
match triggered. This incident Achrekar to get very angry with him.
9. Achrekar got angry with Sachin because instead of watching others play he should have
been practicing so that others would one day come and watch him play.
10. By saying “I owe myself to him” Sachin means that without the discipline and all that
Achrekar had done for him he would not have become the legend he is.
11. Sachin played tennis-ball cricket at an early age.
12. Sachin loved both batting and bowling in cricket.
13. Achrekar had started playing cricket when he was eleven years old. Sachin was eleven
years old when he went to Achrekar for the first time.
14. Ajit explained to Achrekar that Sachin was performing badly because he was nervous.
He asked Achrekar to pretend to go away and watch Sachin from a distance.
15. Sir had started taking an interest in Sachin’s batting by the middle of summer camp
because he realised that Sachin had the potential to be a good cricketer.
16. Sachin’s father explained that he had no objections to him changing schools as long as
he was really serious about playing cricket.
17. Sachin’s father always said that all he wanted was that Sachin should put in his best
effort without worrying about the results.
18. Sessions would start at 7.30 a.m. and end at 4.30 p.m. The evening session would start
at 5 p.m. and end at 7 p.m.
19. Sachin would wrap the kitbag around himself so that it became an extension of himself
and thus avoided being asked to buy a second ticket.
UNIT-1 EXERCISES
VOCABULARY
Match the words in column A with their synonym in column B.
1. effortless 2. progress 3. surplus 4. endure 5. great
1. fruitful 2. real 3. appropriate 4. oppose 5. plan
Write Synonyms.
1. imitate 2. tryout 3. choose 4. impression 5. introduction
6. perseverance 7. competent 8. feign 9. inspecting
10. elated 11. changed 12. tough 13. fatigued 14. schedule 15. subtlety
16. handbook 17. motif 18. method 19. period 20. dynamic 21. aptitude
22. follow 23. precedent 24. directed 25. evade 26. focus 27. laps
28. strength 29. mortification 30. developed 31. revealed 32. foresight
33. skipped
Key to English Workbook-9 3
Match the words in column A with their antonym in column B.
1. distract 2. preventable 3. continual 4. incomplete 5. wise
1. failure 2. forget 3. suddenly 4. creation 5. physically
Write Antonyms.
1. late 2. contrasted 3. unimportance 4. waver
5. reject 6. uncomfortable 7. removal 8. succeeded
9. denial 10. incapable 11. calm 12. really 13. glancing 14. untrained
15. dismayed 16. slack 17. invigorated 18. disliked 19. rarity 20. ended
21. inactive 22. disinterested 23. succumb 24. daydream
25. frequently 26. sometimes 27. polite 28. inconveniently
29. sane 30. dislike 31. unsuccessful 32. lenient
HOMONYMS
1. Cricket (a) Cricket is a popular sport. (b) A cricket is active at night.
(a) The bank is the place where financial transaction happens.
2. Bank
(b) Revathi stood on the bank of the river.
3. Will (a) The grandfather left a will to his sons. (b) Ramesh will attend the party.
4. Bark (a) Tree bark is very rough. (b) Dogs bark at strangers.
5. Watch (a) Watch the words before you speak. (b) The time on his watch is not correct.
6. Bat (a) Raju’s father gifted him a bat. (b) The bat is not a bird but a mammal.
(a) I left my phone at the shopping mall.
7. Left
(b) The left side of the brain is very analytical.
(a) The Prime Minister is going to address the Nation.
8. Address
(b) Sita lives in the above mentioned address.
9. Spring (a) The flowers are beautiful in spring. (b) The spring inside the clock fell.
(a) Do not lie down immediately after eating a heavy lunch.
10. Lie
(b) The police could see through the culprit's lie.
11. Rose (a) Rose is a beautiful flower. (b) Ramu rose to the occasion.
(a) The bear is a large animal which lives in many different habitats.
12. Bear
(b) Ranjith could not bear the oppressive heat.
(a) There will be fair at the school this weekend.
13. Fair
(b) Renu bought a cream to make the skin look fair.
(a) The content of Smitha's article was very good.
14. Content
(b) Smitha is very content with her looks.
(a) Rahul was unhappy with these kind of jobs.
15. Kind
(b) Rahul is a very kind and caring person.

4 Key to English Workbook-9


(a) The Board unanimously accepted the decision to pass the bill.
16. Board
(b) The teacher wrote the words on the board.
HOMOPHONES
Consult a dictionary, to find the homophones for the given words.
1. inn 2. no 3. bee 4. two 5. what
6. rite 7. where 8. bear 9. heard 10. thrown
11. nun 12. rake 13. naval 14. corpse 15. complement
16. canvass 17. bred 18. fare 19. week 20. quiet
21. stationery 22. whole 23. meet 24. scene 25. deer
26. advise 27. hear 28. knights 29. counsel 30. boulder
31. boy 32. bread 33. hear 34. meat 35. hole
36. sun 37. role 38. brake 39. dew
PREFIX AND SUFFIX
Look at the prefixes given and frame two new words for each prefix and suffix. One is done for you.
Prefix Word-1 Word-2 Word-3 Word-4
Sub subway subconscious subtitle submerged
1. un uncomfortable unacceptable unhappy unable
2. re reappear replay recycle refresh
3. en enjoy entrust entire enlarge
4. dis disclose discontent disappear discontinue
5. ir irreparable irreplaceable irrelevant irregular
6. in indoors inpatient inform inside
7. im impossible imperfect immovable import
8. non nonsense nonevent nonmetals nontoxic
9. trans transform transparent transnational transmigration
10. de deforest detrain deflated default
11. mis misspelt mistaken misbehave misunderstand
12. ante antechamber antecedent anteroom antelope
13. extra extraordinary extracurricular extrasensory extraction
14. fore forefinger forecast foresight forearm
15. inter international interfere interreligious interracial
16. pre preface precaution preamble predefined
17. post postgraduate postpone postscript postpaid
18. out outdated outstand outpatient outdoor
19. super superstar supersensitive superhuman superpower
20. over overcoat overdue overshadowed overthrow
Suffix Word-1 Word-2 Word-3 Word-4
ly suddenly happily slowly commercially
1. or visitor sailor tailor supervisor
2. er faster richer poster rider
3. ness illness richness kindness politeness
Key to English Workbook-9 5
4. ian electrician pedestrian politician musician
5. ist activist capitalist dentist novelist
6. al betrayal optional musical personal
7. age mileage postage baggage homage
8. tion inhalation exploration objection collaboration
9. ic philosophic sympathetic majestic photographic
10. ity responsibility capability publicity mentality
11. ment enjoyment arrangement embarrassment movement
12. ship friendship scholarship citizenship membership
13. tude altitude longitude exactitude magnitude
14. fy purify beautify electrify personify
15. able uncountable readable profitable reliable
16. ed talented cultured handed helped
17. ful sorrowful powerful careful colourful
18. less careless restless harmless childless
19. ious delicious ambitious luxurious suspicious
20. ive possessive successive addictive assertive
LISTENING
Listen to the passage on Paralympics and choose the correct answer.
1. (b) disabled people 2. (b) every four years 3. (a) 1960
4. (a) Romans 5. (b) Sir Ludwig Guttmann
ANAGRAMS
Now try to solve these anagrams.
1. BELOW 2. NOTICES 3. REVIEW 4. SLIPPER 5. LESSENED
6. TASTE 7. CRIED 8. THING 9. ROBED 10. VEDAS
11. DESSERTS 12. STUDY 13. SILENT 14. PETAL 15. ROPES
GRAMMAR
Choose the most appropriate preposition from the brackets.
1. for 2. after 3. by 4. between 5. between 6. among 7. along
8. in 9. for 10. since 11. from 12. over 13. at 14. between
15. over 16. above 17. over 18. below 19. under 20. under 21. beneath
22. beneath 23. for 24. off 25. from 26. into 27. for 28. about
29. at 30. before 31. before 32. across 33. on 34. for 35. from
36. through 37. on 38. of 39. against 40. of 41. for 42. on
43. for 44. at 45. for 46. of 47. into 48. over 49. without
50. of 51. of 52. to 53. to 54. for 55. under
Identify the prepositions in the given sentences and underline them.
1. from, to 2. to 3. under, in 4. behind, for 5. on
6. under 7. from, to 8. along 9. with 10. into
11. under 12. for 13. at 14. from 15. for
16. at 17. in 18. on 19. behind 20. beside
6 Key to English Workbook-9
Complete the passage by filling in appropriate prepositions from the list (with, out, to, in, from,
during, of, for, by). Some prepositions may be used more than once.
SET-1
(a) during (b) of (c) by (d) out (e) of (f) in (g) of (h) to
(i) of (j) on (k) with (l) of (m) for (n) to (o) by
SET-2 (to, by, at, under, of, from)
(a) under (b) to (c) to (d) by (e) of (f) At (g) of (h) of
(i) to (j) of (k) from (l) of (m) at
Frame sentences using the prepositional phrases given in the box.
1. The people benefit from the new projet of the government.
2. Parents care for the children’s well being.
3. The husband agreed with the wife’s advice.
4. We were asked to stand in the queue to buy the tickets.
5. The orphanage ask for help from the rich people.
6. We laugh at the behaviour of foolish people.
7. The family decided to stay at a five star hotel during their vacation.
8. The college students joke about the professor’s behaviour.
9. Ravi pleaded with his parents to believe in his capabilities.
10. It is difficulty to go into the market.
11. The group consist of well educated people.
12. We have to pay for our wrong doings.
13. The teacher helped the students to prepare for the board exams.
14. The nurses attend to the patients need with a lot of love and care.
15. The students rely on the teachers for their academic excellence.
16. In the event of rain, the match will be cancelled.
17. The loan will be sanctioned in accordance with the rules.
18. In spite of his poverty, he donated something.
19. He works hard in order to get a first class.
20. The patient was saved thanks to the timely attendance by the doctors.
21. Owing to ill-health, the minister could not attend the function.
22. The sale was extended in deference to the wishes of the public.
23. Mr. Praveen is on the verge of retirement.
24. The call was made to answer to the advertisement.
25. There was a rush in the wake of the announcement of free gift.
26. She is looking for a job in any of the multi-national IT companies.
27. Pakistan sent its ISI Chief to USA with a view to improving its diplomatic relations
with USA.
28. We gave the children chocolate instead of cakes.
29. The thief had some connection with the murder.
30. The wholesale dealer sent ten items in partial fulfillment of an order.
Key to English Workbook-9 7
31. The accident was caused by the negligence of the driver.
32. He turned up in response to a call.
33. The colour of the shirt agrees well with that of his trousers.
34. Small children cannot hold and write with a pencil.
35. I am still in contact with my school day friend now in the US.
36. The background music harmonises with the love scene.
37. We are late. We have to run to compensate by hurrying.
38. Besides sending him out, the teacher punished the boy.
39. In view of the evidences, the police decided to file a case.
40. The girl always sits by the side of her mother.
41. Call me in case of any emergency.
42. The Vinayaka temple is at the top of the hill in Trichy.
43. Treasures are buried at the bottom of the sea.
44. We become used to good accent of English in course of time.
45. The unemployment problem has to be analysed in relation to the economy.
46. The manager promised to look into the request.
47. The boy takes after his father.
48. The doctor went to the ward along with the nurse.
49. We are advised to keeps away from bad company.
50. There is a garden at the back of the house.
51. There is a courtyard in front of the bungalow.
52. A stranger walked in quite unexpectedly.
53. He shouted at the top of of his voice.
54. Parents work hard for the sake of the children.
55. He is paid extra allowance in addition to his salary.
56. He will not hesitate to fight in the event of a dispute.
57. I attended the wedding on behalf of our friends.
58. Sakthi refused to part with vital information even on the point of pending death penalty.
59. Some children do home work for fear of punishment from the Maths teachers.
60. A scheme has to be made ready with regard to the new courses.
61. We should not look down upon the poor.
62. The fire brigade put out the fire.
63. We cannot put up with a quarrelling boy.
64. The culprit looked away when he saw the police.
65. We look forward to our results.
Given below is a picture of a carnival. Complete the factual description by filling in the blanks
with appropriate prepositions.
(a) with (b) to (c) of (d) on (e) at (f) from (g) to (h) to
(i) with (j) in (k) of (l) at (m) with (n) for

8 Key to English Workbook-9


WRITING
Your friend who lives in another town/city has won his/her championship trophy in
the recent sports meet. Write a letter congratulating him/her.
Address,
ABC.
Dear Rekha,
Congratulations on your winning the championship trophy in the recent sports meet.
You made us all proud. I’m sure your parents must be proud of your accomplishment too.
Your passion for the game, your hard work and focus have helped you to achieve this victory.
Hope you win many more trophies in the future. All the very best.
With love,
xyz.
Collect information from newspapers, magazines, periodicals and books about any
two famous sports women. Prepare their profiles. Use the following format.
Details
(a) Name: Mithali Raj
Date of birth: 3 December 1982
State/Team she represents International Women’s Cricket
Sports/Games she is associated with Cricket
Debut (first entry) 1999
Best in her career 2017 first player to make 6000 runs in WODI’S
Hobbies Participating in domestic competitions
Awards/Medals received Arjuna Awards 2003, Padma Shri 2015, Youth
Sports Icon of Excellence Award 2017
Details
(b) Name: Sania Mirza
Date of birth: 15 November 1986
State/Team she represents Indian Tennis
Sports/Games she is associated with Tennis
Debut (first entry) 2003
Best in her career Highest ranked female player ever in India,
World No. 27 in singles in mid-2007.
Hobbies Swimming and music
Awards/Medals received Arjuna Award 2004, Padma Shri 2006, Rajiv
Gandhi Khel Ratna 2015, Padma Bhushan 2016.
CREATIVE WRITING
Write a newspaper article in about 100 words, comparing the achievements of the
two sportswomen based on the information you have already collected.
Newspaper Report.
Two Sportswomen made India Proud
Two sportswomen brought laurels to India - Mithali Raj and Sania Mirza. The former
was the captain of international women cricket and later was top seed Tennis player. Mithali
Raj has made India proud by being the first woman player to make 6000 runs in WODI’s.
Sania had also been the highest ranked female player. She has matched the World No. 27
Key to English Workbook-9 9
in singles in mid-2007. Both the women have won Arjuna Award, Padma Shri Award. They
both have worked very hard to achieve this fate.
WRITING
rite a letter to your friend, describing the joy of celebrating festivals in a village.
W
XXX,
Date: 07.02.2018
Dear John,
Your New Year greetings was received on time. I hope you too would have got mine.
The picture of the wheat field is fascinating.
Here it is the harvest season. We celebrate it for three days. The celebration is known as
Pongal. The Pongal usually falls on the 15th of January. The celebration on the previous day is
Bhogi. The day next to Pongal is a celebration for the cattle helping in agriculture.
A week before, the houses are cleaned, white-washed and painted. On the Pongal day
we cook using the rice got from the recent harvest. Sugarcane and fruits are consumed in
addition to sweet rice cooked in milk and sugar added to it. We worship the Sun God and
Rain God. The third day the bullocks and cattle are bathed and decorated and a race of
bullocks is held. The celebration is grand in Tamil Nadu and people look forward to, it with
enthusiasm. If there are similar festivals in your country you may write to me. A few snaps
of last year’s celebration is sent with small notes at the back. I am sure you will enjoy and pen
me your feed back.
Your sincere friend,
YYY.
POEM
STOPPING BY WOODS ON A SNOWY EVENING [UNIT-1]
Answer the following questions in a sentence or two.
1. (i) ‘He’ refers to the person to whom the woods belongs to.
(ii) The season is winter.
2. (i) The poet is the speaker.
(ii) The horse thinks it is very queer to stop in the woods on a snowy evening because
there is no farm house nearby.
(iii) queer, near.
3. (i) ‘He’ refers to the horse.
(ii) The poet stops at the woods. The horse thinks the poet has made a mistake stopping
at a place where no human activity is found. So, he gives his harness bells a shake.
(iii) The horse communicates by giving his harness bells a shake.
4. (i) The woods are lovely, dark and deep.
(ii) ’I’ refers to the poet.
(iii) The promises are his unfulfilled worldly commitments.
5. (i) It is a refrain.
(ii) The first line says that he has had a long day and has to travel longer before he
sleeps. The second line is that he has to accomplish a lot in the world before he
finally sleeps(death).
10 Key to English Workbook-9
6. (i) ‘I’ refers to the poet Robert Frost.
(ii) The poet is stealthily enjoying the beauty of snowfall filling up the woods. The
trees start appearing like leafless white ghosts. The poet feels no threat of exposure
as the owner of the woods is away in a village.
(iii) There is a heavy snowfall one can’t stay in the woods cut off from civilization.
Besides it is a severe winter with a heavy snowfall. He can’t stay in the woods. So,
he lives in a a distant village.
7. (i) The poet and his horse were between the woods and the frozen lake.
(ii) A lake freezes in winter.
(iii) Evening.
8. (i) As the trees are clad with frosty ice, they don’t resist the path of the wind. So. they
sweep through the woods easily.
(ii) Downy flake means snow covering particles of dust and falling down gracefully.
‘Downy’ also means covering in something very soft (i.e) featherlike.
(iii) There is an eerie silence occasionally disturbed by gusts of wind and the mild
sound of falling snow flakes. This solemn beauty impresses the poet.
APPRECIATION QUESTIONS
Identify the rhyme scheme used in each stanza.
1. (i) a a b a 2.
(i) b b c b 3. (i) c c d c 4. (i) d d d d
Complete the table by identifying lines, against the poetic devices from the poem. One example
is done for you.
Poetic device Lines from the poem
Alliteration “watch his woods”
Personification “The woods are lovely, dark and deep”
Repetition “And miles to go before I sleep
And miles to go before I sleep”
Imagery “Snow convey the trees;
lovely, dark and deep”
Answer the questions in three or four sentences.
1. The poet highlights snowfall in the winter season. The time of day is the darkest evening.
2. The poet feels that woods are lovely, dark and deep. He is entranced by the beauty
of snowfall. The horse feels that the poet has made a mistake. The horse knows that
it would be unwise of the poet to stop long in a dreadful snowy evening inside the
uninhabited wood.
3. The sounds the poet hears is the sweep of easy wind and downy flake. He also heard
the horse shake his harness bell.
4. The choices the poet have, one to stay behind in the woods or to go back to his worldly
commitments. He decides to go ahead as he realizes he has to pay attention to his other
needs and responsibilities.
5. ‘sleep’, ’lovely’, ’deep’.
Key to English Workbook-9 11
Quote from memory the poem ‘Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening’.
Refer to Text Book Pg. No. 18.
SUPPLEMENTARY READER
THE ENVIOUS NEIGHBOUR [UNIT-2]
Identify the character or speaker of the following lines.
1. The honest old man and his wife 2. The dog
3. The envious neighbour and his wife 4. The envious neighbour and his wife.
5. The dog
Based on your understanding of the story choose the right answers from the given options.
1. wagged 2. covetous 3. withered 4. obliged 5. tit-bit
Refer to what happens in the folktale and complete the story with the help of the hints given in
the mind map.

(1) There lived an honest man with his wife, who (2) There dwelt a covetous and stingy old man and
had a favourite dog. He fed the dog with fish woman who borrowed the pet dog from the old
and tit-bit from the kitchen. The dog helped to man. They treated the dog badly. They hoped
unearth gold pieces and silver, and all sorts of for the dog to bark so that they too could un-
precious things. Thus he got a treasure. earth the treasure. But they could only find dirt
and nasty offal.
(4) They broke up the mortar and burnt it in an-
ger. Again the dog appeared in the old man’s
dream and briefed him on the happenings. The (3) The wicked old couple seized the dog, and
dog told him to collect the ashes and sprinkle furiously for disappointing them, they killed it
on withered trees, they would revive and sud- mercilessly. The dog appeared in dream of the
denly put forth flowers. Seeing this miracle of old man and asked him to make a mortar from
the old man the prince was surprised. He asked where he was buried. The old man did as he
him to revive his withered cherry and plum was instructed. To his joy he came up with more
trees. The prince was elated and he rewarded treasure. Hearing this the neighbour borrowed
him with silk and cloth and other presents. The the mortar. But when they tried to use it they
neighbours heard of the old man’s fortune. got only filth.

(5) They collected all the ashes that remained and tried their luck too. Unfortunately, the trees never
revived or the flowers blossomed. The ashes flew into the prince’s eyes and mouth, blinding and
chocking him. This angered the prince. The retainers of the prince beat the envious neighbours
almost to death. They had to crawl back home. They realised their mistake and reprimanded
themselves. On hearing the plight of the neighbours, the large-hearted old man sent for them and
after reproving them for their greed and cruelly, gave them a share of his own riches. This gesture
was lesson for the wicked neighbours and they mended their ways and led a good and virtuous
life ever after.
PROSE
I CAN’T CLIMB TREES ANYMORE [UNIT-2]
In Text Questions.
1. The old house was built with solid blocks of granite.
12 Key to English Workbook-9
2. No, the narrator doesn’t live in the house.
3. The narrator got the iron cross from his grandfather, who got it from a German soldier.
4. The visitor hid the iron cross twenty-five years ago.
Answer the following questions in a sentence or two.
1. The author says this to create an awareness on conservation of trees. This he expresses
by quoting his grandmother’s words.
2. The author noticed that his old house had not changed much. It was an old house built
with solid blocks of granite. It wasn’t altered at all.
3. The local superstition was that the house where the shadow of a tree falls is a blessed one.
4. As a boy the narrator used to swing with turnstile. He used to go round and round until
he was quite dizzy.
5. The owner of the house is a colonel.
6. The author came back to the house because he was looking for his lost youth.
7. The colonel’s daughter climbed up the tree and got the Iron cross for the man.
8. When the grandfather had fought in France he had got the Iron Cross from a German
soldier.
9. The man gifted the Iron cross to the girl.
10. The man had left all his childhood treasures in a small hollow thick branch of the jack
fruit tree. The tree was still stretching over the roof.
11. When the man asked the girl what her father was doing. She said he was only a colonel
and added he should have been a brigadier by then. Hearing this, the man burst out
laughing.
12. The girl’s parents had gone to the club.
13. Yes, the girl’s parents allowed her to bring her friends home.
14. The man remembered the music of a piano, the chiming of a grandfather clock, the constant
twitter of budgerigars on the veranda and his grandfather cranking up the old car.
15. The man quickened his steps and moved briskly towards the bus stop after bidding
goodbye to the girl and his ancestral home. Though his steps were brisk, he knew he
had lost his youth. So, his heart cried aloud.
16. The author was staring at the house for a long time. He also claimed that he had lived in
that house for 25 years. So, the little girl thought that the man wanted to buy the house.
17. Ruskin Bond was middle aged. He happened to visit the old house in which he had
lived for twenty five years. He felt curiously ‘young’ that he climbed over the wall and
slithered down the wall.
18. It was the bench on which his grandmother used to rest when she was tired of pruning
rose bushes. As the bench filled his heart with memories of his grandmother, the bench
was special.

Key to English Workbook-9 13


19. The author had become middle aged. Even climbing a small compound wall was difficult
for him. So, he rejected the offer to climb the jack fruit tree to retrieve the iron cross.
20. The author did not want to offend the feelings of the friendly little girl. So, he avoided
making remarks about colonel’s failure to become a Brigadier.
21. After grandmother’s death, they sold the house and went away.
22. The author said that the iron cross would have remained in the jack fruit tree’s hollow,
if the girl had not retrieved it. So, he gifted it to her.
23. Crows have a peculiar habit of hiding food items and curious things and forgetting
them for ever. The author had an interest of hiding marbles and curious items like “iron
cross inside the tree’s hollow and forget it for long. For instance, he had forgotten the
iron cross he had hidden in the tree’s hollow 25 years ago. So, the author compares his
behaviour to that of a crow.
UNIT-2 EXERCISES
Synonyms.
1. border 2. firm 3. changed 4. lesser 5. projecting
6. shade 7. favour 8. giddy 9. insubstantial 10. surrounded
11. vivacious 12. amusing 13. displeasure 14. assessing 15. quiet
16. facts 17. wealthy 18. aged 19. slipped 20. smashing
21. perceived 22. clipping 23. continuous 24. pealing 25. cavity
Antonyms.
1. soft 2. unchanged 3. more 4. light 5. illumination
6. curses 7. steady 8. listless 9. serious 10. flattery
11. noisy 12. poor 13. youthful 14. mending 15. forgot
16. occasional 17. scattering 18. revoked 19. cowardice 20. calm
21. remembered 22. nonchalantly 23. slowly 24. sluggishness 25. silently
Based on your understanding of the story, indicate either ‘T’(True) or ‘F’(False) against the columns.
1. False 2. True 3. True 4. True 5. True 6. True
7. True 8. False 9. False 10. True
VOCABULARY
Based on your understanding of the story, answer the following questions by choosing the
correct answer.
1. (b) youth 2. (c) was slightly repaired 3. (a) grand mother
4. (b) w
as looking for his lost youth 5. (a) iron cross
Match the words in column A with the meanings in column B by drawing a line as shown.
1. trimming a plant 2. emit a sound 3. soaked 4. shaky
5. flourishing 6. lively 7. a collection of precious things
8. ancient
Read these shortened forms of words and write the full form for the remaining words and
complete the table given below.
1. you would 2. they have 3. he would 4. he is 5. was not
6. is not 7. does not 8. are not 9. would not 10. cannot
14 Key to English Workbook-9
GRAMMAR
Give your opinion and compare the items in each picture using -er, more, less, or an irregular
form. Use the words. You may form your sentences in more than one way.
1. healthy, wholesome, calorifc
(a) Eating fresh fruits and vegetables are healthier than pizza.
(b) Eating fruits and vegetables are more wholesome food than pizza.
(c) Pizza is more calorific than fresh fruits and vegetables.
2. eco-friendly, economical, safer
(a) Riding a bicycle is more eco-friendly than a bike.
(b) Riding a bicycle is more economical than a bike.
(c) Riding a bicycle is safer than a bike.
3. educational, interesting, trendy
(a) Radio is more educational than a mobile phone.
(b) Using a mobile phone is more interesting than a radio.
(c) Mobile phones are more trendy than a radio.
4. safe, comfortable, quick
(a) Travelling by a train is safer than by a bus.
(b) Travelling by train is more comfortable than by a bus.
(c) Travelling by a train is quicker than a bus.
5. cozy, costly, sturdy
(a) A sofa is more cozy than a wooden chair.
(b) A sofa is costlier than a wooden chair.
(c) A sofa is more sturdy than a wooden chair.
Look at the bar-graph. Write five sentences using the appropriate degrees of comparison.
(i) Paragliding is more popular than surfing.
(ii) Surfing is less popular than paragliding.
(iii) Rafting is less popular than rock climbing.
(iv) Rock climbing is more popular than rafting.
(v) Bungee jumping is more popular than rock climbing.
(vi) Bungee jumping is more popular than many other adventure sports in India.
WRITING
n seeing these pictures, you would have gone down your memory lane. Write a paragraph in
O
about 50 words describing your favourite sport when you were young.
My favourite sport is kite flying. All my friends gathered in an open ground. Each had
different coloured kites with them. As the kites began to soar high I was happy to watch the
sky colourful. The kites were all tethered and they way danced along with the wind held me
in awe. I wish I too can fly high like the kite.
THINK AND WRITE
Based on the story and your own ideas write your answers in about 80 to 100 words each.
(a) I visited my ancestral home in the village after many years. I brought back vivid memories

Key to English Workbook-9 15


of my childhood and my loving grandparents who were always showering immense
love, and wanted anxiously for my next visit. I set out early morning for a pleasure walk
in the natural surroundings. After a long time I could breathe the fresh and pure air.
The greenery, the tall green trees, the field all smiled and welcomed me. After a walk I
reached the ancestral house. Nothing had changed. Though my grandparents were no
move I could feel their presence and their loving welcome. My uncle stayed there now.
As I set into the house all thoughts flooded back to the old times, the games I played
the food I loved etc. Nothing had changed.
(b) The man who came to house gave the cross as a gift to the girl. The girl offered to get
the cross from the tree top. She climbed up the tree top and get the cross. Though he
was happy to see the cross, he decided to gift it to her. The man did not want to relate
anything of his past and besides he came to the house to relive his youthful days. He
also felt that it rightly belonged to girl. If he had taken the cross with him, it would have
been a constant reminder of his past. His heart cried aloud to know that he had lost his
youth for he “could not climb trees anymore”.
(c) Trees always given us two of life’s essentials, food and oxygen. The also provide shelter,
medicine and tools. It also gives beauty to one surroundings. Trees live long after the
person who planted it. It is a constant memory of the person and reveals a lot of stores.
We should conserve trees and also plant new ones. This will present environmental
degradation. Saving trees is saving our own lives. A lot of trees are axed down leaving
emptiness in the urban areas.
CREATIVE WRITING
Write a letter to your friend describing your ancestral house.
XXX,
Date: 18.04.2018
Dear Mano,
I visited my ancestral home in the village after many years. I brought back vivid
memories of my childhood and my loving grandparents who were always showering
immense love, and wanted anxiously for my next visit. I set out early morning for a pleasure
walk in the natural surroundings. After a long time I could breathe the fresh and pure air. The
greenery, the tall green trees, the field all smiled and welcomed me. After a walk I reached
the ancestral house. Nothing had changed. Though my grandparents were no move I could
feel their presence and their loving welcome. My uncle stayed there now. As I set into the
house all thoughts flooded back to the old times, the games I played the food I loved etc.
Nothing had changed.
Have you experienced any unexpected turn of events in your life? What happened? How did
you feel about it at that moment? How do you feel about it now? Write an article for your school
magazine describing your experience in about 150 words.
A Climax
Our family was planning on a holiday to Singapore during our summer vacation.
With a lot of excitement we packed our things and left to the airport. We were pretty early
unfortunately there was a procession due to which there was a traffic jam. We could not

16 Key to English Workbook-9


move ahead even an inch. I was very tensed and totally helpless as that was the only route
to reach the airport.
The driver advised me and my family to stay calm. He assured that procession will
move quickly and that he would take us to airport in time. We tried to reach the airlines to
inform them about our unprecedented delay. But to no avail.
Suddenly, things changed. As told by the driver the traffic started to move. We were all
greatly relieved. The driver was an expert and waded through the traffic in no time.
We reached the airport just one and half before our departive. We rushed through our
formalities and happily set out on our holiday. Looking back now, I laughed at myself for the
tension I had that day and thought I should have sat back and enjoyed the adventure!
POEM
A POISON TREE [UNIT-2]
Answer the following questions in a sentence or two.
1. (i) ‘I’ refers to the poet.
(ii) The anger of the poet came to an end when he told/shared his anger with his friend.
2. (i) ‘It’ refers to anger.
(ii) The poet watered his anger with fears and night and morning with tears.
3. (i) The poet felt glad to see his enemy lying outstretched/dead.
(ii) The poet’s enemy with whom he is angry is the ‘foe’ referred here.
(iii) The ‘foe’ was found lying outstretched beneath the tree after stealing and eating
an apple from the poet’s tree.
4. (i) ‘It’ refers to the tree or symbolically the anger of the poet towards his enemy.
(ii) ‘Apple’ signify all the poet’s anger which he carried all long with him.
(iii) The poet’s anger and hatred for his foe grew both day and night.
Complete the summary by filling in the given spaces with suitable words.
(i) wrath (ii) did not tell (iii) sunned (iv) tempted (v) outstretched
Poem appreciation.
1. Figures of Speech
2. Pick out at least two instances of alliteration from the poem.
(i) my wrath, my wrath
(ii) bore an apple bright
Read the following lines from the poem and answer the questions that follow.
1. (i) friend ; end, foe ; grow. (ii) a a b b (iii) Metaphor.
2. (i) Personification.
SUPPLEMENTARY READER
THE FUN THEY HAD [UNIT-2]
Identify the character or speaker of the following lines.
1. She-Margie/Test given by-Mechanical Teacher 2. Country Inspector
3. Margie 4. Friends 5. Tommy

Key to English Workbook-9 17


Other Important Questions
1. Margie 2. Margie’s grandpa 3. Tommy 4. Margie
5. Tommy 6. Margie 7. The Inspector 8. Tommy
9. Margie 10. Tommy 11. Margie 12. Margie 13. Tommy
14. Margie 15. Mrs. Jones 16. Mechanical Teacher
Fill in the blanks with the clues given below to complete the paragraph.
(i) schools (ii) real book (iii) yellow and crinkly (iv) words
(v) millions of books (vi) attic (vii) geography (viii) test papers
(ix) person (x) same thing (xi) time (xii) house
(xiii) learning and spending
Bring out the difference between your school and Margie’s school in the given tabular column. An
example is done for you.
Margie’s school Your school
Teacher is a machine. Teacher is a human being.
Words were moving on the screen. Books are in printed form.
School is at home. School is away from home.
There is no playground. School has playground.
Complete the following statements based on your reading.
1. Tommy 2. all stories were printed on paper
3. test after test in geography 4. learned better if they learned at regular hours
5. large and black and ugly
PROSE
OLD MAN RIVER [UNIT-3]
Discuss with your partner and answer the following questions.
1. Amy, Betty and Rose were sitting around the living room table. Amy and Rose were
both knitting. Betty was looking at pictures in a magazine.
2. The mother couldn’t get home from Mrs. Brant’s as the bridges between their house and
the town were under water.
3. Jim was mature and practical in his approach. He told the girls not to panic but to organise
themselves to face the situation. He asked Betty to look up for flashlight, candles, lamps
and lanterns. He instructed Rose to fill the tubs and pails. Amy was asked to check on
food, blankets and coats.
4. Jim advised Amy not to be scared. He told her not to show that she is scared and secondly
to get all the necessities and essentials together like food, water, blankets, coats and lights.
5. Jim asked them to climb out on the roof and start waving the flashlight in the hope
someone will come to rescue them.
6. Jim went to get Sara from the playhouse. Sara had followed Rose to the playhouse.
Discuss with your partner and answer the following questions.
1. Jim instructed Amy to take water and food as they were more important than the other
things in the house.
2. Mr. Peter and Miss. Marsh, the Red Cross nurse were there in a boat to rescue the children.
3. Sara had fallen off the step ladder. She had broken her right leg.
18 Key to English Workbook-9
4. Miss. Marsh is the Red Cross nurse. She gave First-aid to Sara. When Sara broke her right
leg, she made a splint with pillows and umbrella and lifted her to the safety of the boat.
5. Mr. Peter took Rose, Betty and Sara on the boat to safety first. He left Amy and Jim behind.
6. The Red Cross helped the children to safety. They brought a boat and the Red Cross
nurse gave First-aid to Sara when she broke her right leg.
Based on your reading, answer the following in two or three sentences each.
1. Jim ran from school as there was a cloudburst and the river was rising fast. Besides the
Burnett Dam gave way an hour earlier.
2. Amy’s mother had taken Dick to a dentist and stopped at Mrs. Brant’s for a recipe on
her way home.
3. Amy asked Betty to fill in the water tubs as potable water was essential for them.
4. The two essential things that a person should remember are not to let the others know
that one is scared and quickly organise the essentials like water, food, light, lanterns
and blankets immediately.
5. Jim climbed on the roof to wave a flashlight. He hoped that someone would notice that
they were stranded and rescue them.
6. Amy, Betty and Rose were there in the living room. Amy and Rose were knitting. White
Betty was looking at pictures in a magazine.
7. The children moved to the attic as the floor would be under water by morning as river
was up another foot.
8. Mr. Peter and Mrs. Penny Marsh came to rescue them in a boat.
9. Jean Henry Dunant is the founder of Junior Red Cross.
Based on your understanding of the text, answer the following in about 3 to 4 sentences each.
1. The ‘home alone’ experience of the children was adventurous. They were scared but
with proper planning they faced the crisis well. They waited calmly till Red cross team
arrived to rescue them.
2. Mr. Peter called out first to inmates of his house. He entered the living room with a lighted
lantern. On entering the house he realized Mr. Marshall was away and the children were
all alone. He consoled Sara when she fell off the step ladder. He decided to take Rose,
Betty and Sara in the boat. He asked Jim and Amy to stay behind, to stay safe until they
got back for them or sent some other boat to rescue them.
3. Jim proved to be an expert in handling the crisis. He was very mature and practical in
his approach. As he served on the Junior Red Cross emergency during the war, he knew
how to handle the natural disaster. He advised the first thing a person should not let the
others see how scared we were and the second to get the all necessary things like food,
water, blankets, coat and lights together.
4. (i) Amy though scared followed all the instructions given by Jim. She tried remain
positive and calm.
(ii) Mr. Peter called out first to inmates of his house. He entered the living room with
a lighted lantern. On entering the house he realized Mr. Marshall was away and
the children were all alone. He consoled Sara when she fell off the step ladder. He
decided to take Rose, Betty and Sara in the boat. He asked Jim and Amy to stay
behind, to stay safe until they got back for them or sent some other boat.
Key to English Workbook-9 19
UNIT-3 EXERCISES
List out the Human activities which have an impact on nature. Complete the tabular column.
One is done for you.
1. Affects the marine life 2. affects air quality/breathing
3. environmental degradation 4. takes a longer time to decompose
5. air pollution
Based on your understanding of the play [Old Man River], choose the correct answer and fill
in the blanks.
1. (i) the river was above flood stage
2. (ii) the bridges between there and town were under water
3. (iii) it rained heavily and the snow was melting
4. (i) the power of house was out of commission
5. (ii) she had broken her leg below the knee.
Match the following by drawing a line across column A and B.
1. (e) 2. (c) 3. (h) 4. (g) 5. (i) 6. (j) 7. (d) 8. (f) 9. (b) 10. (a)
sing a dictionary, find out the synonyms and the antonyms of the words given below. One has
U
been done for you.
Word Parts of speech Synonym Antonym
Hard Adjective Difficult Easy
Flood Noun over flow trickle
Interrupt Verb interfere ignore
Scared Adjective frightened brave/confident
Irritation Noun sensitivity calm
Organize Verb arrange destroy
Serious Adjective humourless/unhappy happy
Snappy Adjective nasty nice
Emergency Noun crises calm
Rescue Verb save danger
Synonyms.
1. lift 2. overspread 3. throughfare 4. liquefying 5. downpour
6. upwelling 7. stopped 8. attentively 9. stay 10. frightened
11. provision 12. anticipates 13. assist 14. orderly 15. quick
16. grave 17. frighten 18. inching 19. crises 20. staring
21. colliding 22. saved 23. verandah 24. stack 25. unaccompanied
Antonyms.
1. lower 2. darkness 3. uncovered 4. below 5. solidifying
6. inattentively 7. brave 8. stale 9. doubt 10. go
11. disorganized 12. slow 13. frivolous 14. assure 15. rushing
16. sinking 17. light 18. backward 19. glancing 20. excitability
21. barely 22. unafraid 23. chaperoned 24. worthless
25. basement
20 Key to English Workbook-9
Fill in the blanks with the clues given below to complete the paragraph.
(i) 2015 (ii) November-December (iii) Coromandel Coast
(iv) Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh (v) Puducherry (vi) Chennai
(vii) 500 (viii) displaced (ix) the floods
WRITING
s a local government official working in the flood affected area you are talking to an old lady
A
who has lost her belonging. Write 10 sets of exchange between you and the old woman. The
conversation has been started for you. Complete it.
You : Good morning Madam.
Old lady : Good morning.
You : I am from the Fire and Rescue department. How can I help you?
Old lady : Good that you are here to listen to by trouble.
You : We are always ready to help people in crisis.
Old lady : The flood was worst. I lost all my belongings.
You : Yes, this was the worst flood.
Old lady : Suddenly water began to rise and we didn’t know what to do.
You : I can see that you have gone through the worst.
Old lady : There was no electricity and not had even a drop of water to drink.
You : Please take some water. We have also bought food for you. We will now move
you to safe place.
Old lady : Thank you so much. I feel relieved now.
CREATIVE WRITING
Write a letter to your friend about your experiences during the recent ‘Ochki’ cyclone.
Hope you are doing good. We are all fine here. I write this letter to share my unforgettable
experience during the recent ‘Ochki’ cyclone.
Cyclone ‘Ochki’ was worst cyclone of this year 2017. Many fishermen had lost their life.
There were many warnings on the TV and radio. They kept updating us on the course of the
cyclone. It rained very heavily and soon our locality was flooded. There was no power and
our phone convection went dead. We were totally helpless. We were prepared to face the
crisis as the TV news kept alerting us. We had bought enough food and water. So, we stayed
on the first floor as there was water logging on the ground floor.
Fortunately, my god’s grace we are all safe now. Natural disasters are unpredictable
but with good planning and organising we can be safe. Convey my respect to your parents.
Make a poster of any natural disaster, giving details about the devastations caused.

Nature's Fury
Earthquake 7.8 Richter scale hit the city
* Trees uprooted * Building collapsed
* Many homeless * No power & portable water
* Wide spread out break of diseases
*** Need help as clothes or in kind ***
Issued in public interest

Key to English Workbook-9 21


Based on your reading answer the following questions in a sentence or two.
1. Yes, climbing is a dangerous sport because as one climbs higher and higher breathing
becomes more and more difficult and the climber gets exhausted very easily.
2. As the cold is so severe, the climber’s skin, feet, toes, fingers and tissues freeze because
of the extreme cold. This is called frostbite.
3. The qualities of a good mountain climber are being in good physical condition, possessing
courage, perseverance and the power of endurance.
4. Mountain climbers carry with them packs loaded with supplies, food and extra clothing
for sudden change in weather. They should also carry maps, compasses and other
equipment of guide them in the absence of other tracks.
5. The Mountaineering Institute is situated in Darjeeling.
6. The qualities of humankind brought out by this sport are courage and heroism.
7. Mountaineers deserve praise for their courage and heroism.
8. Mt. Everest gets visitors from foreign countries, several expeditions from India and
recently Bachchendri Pal became the first woman to scale it.
GRAMMAR
Identify the dependent clauses or phrases in the following sentences and underline them.
1. Texting on his phone - phrase
2. if you have studied a little each day - dependent clause
3. to enjoy the view - phrase
4. during my holidays - phrase
5. Whether he attends the party or no - dependent clause
6. when you go to sleep - d ependent clause
Complete the following sentences using appropriate prepositional phrases.
1. (a) instead of 2. (a) In spite of 3. (a) In case of 4. (b) on behalf of
5. (a) by means of 6. (a) In general 7. (c) went through 8. (b) in spite of
9. (b) in spite of 10. (a) contrary to 11. (b) in spite of 12. (b) on account of
13. (b) Because of 14. (a) On account of 15. (a) In spite of 16. (c) on account of
17. (c) In spite of 18. (b) In spite of 19. (a) Having read 20. (b) In spite of
21. (a) On account of
Look at the action words in bold. Identify whether they are either finite or non-finite verb.
1. to try - non-finite verb 2. Trying - non-finite verb 3. Having tried - non-finite verb
4. try - non-finite verb 5. tried - finite verb
Read the following pairs of sentences.
(i) (a) Travelling (ii) (a) my singing (iii) (a) sleeping (iv) (a) speeding
Now, work in pairs and help Dinesh and Divya complete the exercise given below.
(a) Write the gerund/infinitive form of the verbs in the blanks.
1. to complete 2. to survive 3. trying 4. to be 5. quitting
6. to achieve 7. studying 8. to help 9. preparing 10. travelling
11. to visit 12. walking 13. meeting, finding 14. to take
15. risking 16. blasting 17. to accompany 18. being, living
19. being 20. travelling 21. to come, to search
22. to endure, to waste
22 Key to English Workbook-9
POEM
ON KILLING A TREE [UNIT-3]
Read the following lines from the poem and answer the questions in a sentence or two.
1. (i) No, a simple jab of the knife cannot kill a tree.
(ii) It takes much time to kill a tree because it has grown large and strong over
the years.
2. (i) The tree has grown by consuming the earth and feeding on its crust.
(ii) The tree feeds on water, minerals and nutrients from the crust.
3. (i) ‘Leprous hide’ means the scaly outer bark of the tree.
(ii) New leaves come out of the leprous hide.
4. (i) The bleeding bark will heal.
(ii) Green twigs that look like small branches will rise from close to the ground.
5. (i) The root has to be pulled out in order to kill the tree.
(ii) ‘Anchoring earth’ means the ground that held the tree in place.
6. (i) It has taken years for the tree to have grown to its present size.
(ii) Sunlight, air and water were needed for the tree to grow.
7. (i) The small boughs will expand into full sized branches if unchecked.
(ii) The small boughs will grow to its former size of a large tree.
8. (i) When the tree is pulled out it forms a deep hollow in the ground and that is why it
is called the earth-cave.
(ii) The strength of the tree is its roots.
9. (i) The felled tree is left in the drying heat of the sun that will cause it to eventually die.
(ii) The tree has to scorched and choked so that there is no chance of it growing
again.
10. (i) The killing of the tree is done.
(ii) When the tree has withered and twisted then you know it is done.
Based on the understanding of the poem, write down the summary of the poem by filling in the
blanks.
(i) killing a tree (ii) destroy (iii) a knife (iv) nature (v) stump
(vi) new branches (vii) cut end (viii) kill (ix) the sun and air
Based on the understanding of the poem, answer the following questions in a sentence or two.
1. The poem is about how a tree is destroyed.
2. The lesson that it learnt is that growing a tree takes time but cutting it down is relatively easy.
3. Sunlight, air and water are necessary for the tree to grow.
4. When the bark is cut a fluid oozed out and the poet says that the bark is bleeding.
5. The root has to be pulled out by tying it with a rope and pulling it out with force.
6. The poet uses the word ‘No’ to indicate that the tree is not completely killed when it is
cut down.
7. The roots of the tree have been hidden inside the earth for years.
Key to English Workbook-9 23
8. The tree finally dies.
9. The poet wishes to emphasize that it is not an easy task to kill a tree.
10. The words ‘hack’ and ‘chop’ show the crude method that has to be used to bring down
the tree.
11. When the tree is cut only the stump is left close to the ground and the new bough grow
from there.
Complete the table by identifying lines, against the poetic devices from the poem.
Poetic lines Poetic Devices/Figures of Speech
It takes much time to kill a tree. Personification
The bleeding bark will heal. Alliteration
One of the anchoring earth Imagery

LISTENING
Listen to the passage about Nammazhwar, an environmental crusader from Tamil Nadu. As you
listen, answer the following questions. The listening act can be repeated if required.
1. Nammazhwar is an environmental crusader from Tamil Nadu. His focus was on
improving the standard of living through agricultural development.
2. Agricultural Regional Research Station, a scientist
3. The turning point in his life was when his peers refused to listen to his advice to reorient
the research work being undertaken using hybrid seeds and chemical fertilizers and
pesticides.
4. In this method once the soil is made ready and the suggested practices followed, one
need not work on the soil for the second time. They can go on sowing and reaping all
through the year.
5. He never stopped learning from the farmers. What he learnt from them he later shared
with whoever was interested.
6. The aim of farming is not to make money. It is a way of living life without artificial
chemicals and hybrid seeds that is possible even in the current century.
7. Rely - depend; Sustainable - maintainable
8. (b) compelled
WRITING
Based on the reading of the poem, complete the web chart given below.
1. It takes many years for a tree to grow.
2. Destroying a tree takes a long time.
3. Man destroys nature.
Taking clues from the lists on the board, complete the following chart.
1. I will not throw plastic which will destroy the soil.
2. I will water the trees. 3. I will not cut down trees.
4. I will turn the soil around the tree. 5. I will put manure around the tree.
6. I will not pollute the soil in anyway. 7. I will try to plant more trees.

24 Key to English Workbook-9


SUPPLEMENTARY READER
EARTHQUAKE [UNIT-3]
Fill in the blanks with words from the text.
1. Brij 2. six hundred and seventy
3. school books 4. makeshift camp 5. hundred and sixteen hours
6. seventeen 7. Molthi 8. earthquake
9. grandfather 10. to give her a proper cremation
11. uncle 12. had saved his sister
Based on your understanding of the story, choose the right answers from the options.
1. (b) serve the people 2. (a) a high intensity earthquake
3. (b) he couldn’t locate his sister 4. (c) saved his sister from death
5. (b) a cup of tea 6. (d) a can of milk
7. (b) outside Panipet 8. (c) four years ago in October
9. (b) less than five minutes 10. (d) kind
Identify the character or speaker of the following lines.
1. Brij, the narrator 2. Brij’s uncle 3. Army Officer 4. Army Officer
5. Brij 6. Bhuli 7. Brij 8. Brij’s uncle
9. The three soldiers 10. Brij
Answer the following questions based on the reading of the story. Do not forget to go back to
the passage whenever necessary to find and confirm the answers.
Action Effect
While you warm yourself I will prepare the best tea.
I saved enough money and started this shop.
Due to the earthquake Six hundred and two villages were destroyed.
It was a terrible earth quake and it was felt in Delhi and Lucknow.
I ran back to the village to the spot where his house had stood.
They lifted the door and found that Bhuli was alive.
I went to thank the Army Officer but he was gone.

PROSE
SEVENTEEN ORANGES [UNIT-4]
In Text Questions.
1. The narrator worked in and out of the docks.
2. The narrator’s job was driving a pony-and-cart for the Swift Delivery Company.
3. Clem Jones was carrying the ship’s cat in the box.
4. When Clem opened the box the ship’s cat jumped out and ran back into the docks and Clem
went chasing the cat.
5. No, the narrator did not believe Clem’s story because the narrator saw the cheese that
Clem had stolen.
6. The narrator was carrying seventeen oranges in his pockets.
Key to English Workbook-9 25
7. Pongo is a policeman who was in charge of preventing people from stealing from the
docks.
8. Pongo wanted to bring another policeman because he needed a witness to prove that a
crime had been committed.
9. The voice in the narrator’s head told him that he should eat the evidence.
10. The policemen arrived a little late because they had seen some carts at the dock gate and
had gone to talk to the drivers.
11. The narrator ate the pips and the peels so that there was no evidence of the stolen oranges.
Answer the following questions briefly in one or two sentences.
1. Clem Jones is called a careful planner because he fooled the policeman into thinking
that he was carrying a cat in the box the second time as well.
2. During his second attempt Clem was carrying a large Dutch cheese in the box.
3. The policeman suspected the narrator because when the string of his apron broke the
policeman could see his pockets bulging with fruit.
4. Pongo considered the seventeen oranges as evidence against the narrator.
5. When he was alone in the cabin, the narrator was afraid that he would lose his job or
be imprisoned.
6. The narrator ate the oranges, the pips and the skin to get rid of the evidence.
7. When Pongo found no oranges on the table he looked everywhere, even in the narrator’s
pockets, to see if he could find them.
8. The policemen could not bring any charges against the narrator because the evidence
had disappeared.
9. After eating the oranges the narrator felt very sick for a week and the oranges kept
working in his stomach.
10. After the incident the narrator stopped eating oranges.
11. The narrator had been caught with seventeen stolen oranges in his pockets. He had
been locked up by a policeman. To make the evidence disappear the narrator ate all the
seventeeen oranges. After this the narrator had never eaten an orange again.
12. The narrator says that he was not really a thief because he only took things when he
found them.
13. A banana boat is a term that refers to fast ships that carry the spoiled bananas easily
from the tropical areas to the northern markets.
14. The narrator loved oranges more than bananas.
15. Clem wanted the Pongo, the policeman, to believe that he had a cat in the box the next
time he brought a box out of the dock.
16. Clem stole a large Dutch cheese from the docks.
17. The narrator had read a lot of detective novels and knew from them that he should not
babble.
18. The other policeman knew that there had been oranges in the room because he could
smell them.
26 Key to English Workbook-9
19. Pongo was not able to send the narrator to prison because there was no evidence to prove
that the oranges had been stolen.
20. The policeman could not put the narrator in prison but he was punished in a way because
he felt sick for a week and the oranges kept working away in his stomach.
From your reading of the text, choose the correct answers from the options given below.
1. (a) eating oranges 2. (a) his pockets were bulging
3. (a) anything said would be held as evidence against him
4. (b) eat all the oranges 5. (c) the narrator had eaten them all
6. (d) for the Swift Delivery Company 7. (b) a large Dutch cheese
8. (a) a cat jumped out 9. (d) his apron string broke
10. (c) he was locked by Pongo
UNIT-4 EXERCISES
VOCABULARY
Find the synonyms for the underlined words given in the passage.
1. proof 2. angrily 3. afraid 4. silent 5. difficulty
6. harbor 7. partial 8. robber 9. overall 10. alongside
11. cautious 12. annoyed 13. distended 14. cautiously 15. hidden
16. error 17. proof 18. evading 19. hut 20. observer
21. seeds 22. troubled 23. wedges 24. consider 25. ill
Find the antonyms for the underlined words in the following sentences.
1. exposed 2. requested 3. released 4. carelessly 5. healthy
6. averse 7. exposed 8. above 9. carelessly 10. close
11. calm 12. forward 13. loosely 14. frowned 15. unlucky
16. released 17. overlooked 18. whispered 19. exposed 20. emboldened
21. unlocked 22. misunderstood 23. disbelieve 24. calm
25. safe
LISTENING
Complete the table with suitable responses.
1. The king is cheated by Chatur Pandit
2. He brings a peacock that has been painted red.
3. Tenali Raman says he will get more red peacocks.
Answer the following questions based on your listening.
1. Chatur Pandit asked the king for 1000 gold coins because he said that was the amount
he had paid for the red peacock.
2. Chatur Pandit claimed that his servants had searched the jungles to find the red peacock.
3. Chatur Pandit was a greedy person who was willing to lie in order to earn some money.
4. False 5. The people felt that they were lucky to have a king who was not afraid to
admit his mistake.
WRITING
rite a diary entry in about 60-80 words describing your feelings and emotions for the given
W
situations.
1. September 27, 2018 11 a.m.
I heard of a lot of theft taking place at the docks. Today as I caught Bill. His pockets were
Key to English Workbook-9 27
bulging with oranges. I was so happy. I marched him off to the shed. I made him take
the oranges out and place them on the table. There were seventeen oranges. I then told
him that I was going to get a second policeman as a witness. I needed a witness so that
I can take Bill to the court. I was so pleased with myself. I locked the door of the shed
and went in search of my colleague.
2. September 27, 2018 11.45 a.m.
I had finally caught a person stealing from the docks. I locked him up in the shed and
went in search of my colleague as I needed a witness. As my colleague and I returned
we saw a few carts at the gates. We went to talk to the drivers and check the carts. When
we went and opened the shed, we found Bill sitting there but the oranges had vanished.
My colleague and I could smell the oranges. It appeared that Bill had eaten the seventeen
oranges. That’s how I lost my case.
Complete the following table with information from the anecdote about Mr. Scotti’s short trip.
Name Nicholas Scotti
Occupation journalist
Reason for his trip visit some cousin
Means of transport travelling round of bus
Destination Italy, but he left the plane in New York
Choose the best option.
1. (b) was in Roman 2. (a) thought he was in Italy
3. (c) surprised 4. unlucky/stupid/miserable
GRAMMAR
iven below in Column A are some phrasal verbs taken from the text. Find the meanings by
G
using a dictionary and complete Column B.
1. to like someone or something very much
2. to store something in a place where it cannot be found
3. put in a room and secure with a lock 4. made fun of by laughing
5. direct your eyes to gaze on someone or something
6. to start discussing something 7. to lose hope
8. to do something 9. finish eating 10. to understand something
Do’s and Don’ts (Necessity, Obligation and Permission) Choose the correct option.
1. must 2. should 3. ought 4. should have 5. ought to
6. shouldn’t 7. must 8. may 9. needn’t 10. will
11. might 12. Could 13. must
Complete the sentences with one of the modal verbs given below.
1. shouldn’t 2. may 3. can 4. can’t 5. could
6. couldn’t 7. could
You are Aadhav. While you were away on a holiday, your house was burgled. Use appropriate
modals and complete the letter to your friend telling him/her about it.
(i) must (ii) might (iii) may (iv) should (v) could (vi) will (vii) will

28 Key to English Workbook-9


Answer the following.
1. Have you ever seen such a creature? 2. How can we reward you?
3. Where will Tenali Raman go? 4. Who has painted the peacock red?
5. Red peacocks may not exist.
Match the Squares to Form Proper Sentences.
Student activity.
Fill in the blanks with appropriate modals.
I. (i) must (ii) will (iii) ought to (iv) may (v) should (vi) might
(vii) should (viii) might (ix) must
Other Important Questions
II. (i) needn’t (ii) can (iii) ought to (iv) shouldn’t (v) must (vi) might
(vii) couldn’t (viii) must (ix) should
POEM
THE SPIDER AND THE FLY [UNIT-4]
Read the following lines from the poem and answer the questions in a sentence or two.
1. (i) There was a winding stair to reach the Spider’s parlour.
(ii) The Fly would get to see many unusual things in the parlour.
2. (i) No, the Fly was not willing to enter the Spider’s pantry.
(ii) You would find all the ingredients needed to cook food in a pantry.
3. (i) The words used to describe the Fly are witty, wise and handsome.
(ii) The Spider calls the Fly witty implying that it is quick and inventive in her humour.
4. (i) A den is the place where a wild animal lives. The Spider lives there and lies in wait
for its prey.
(ii) The Fly said “I’ll call another day”. So the Spider knew the Fly would come back.
5. (i) The ‘she’ refers to the Fly.
(ii) She was thinking only of her brilliant eyes and her green and purple colour.
6. (i) The ‘I’ refers to the narrator of the poem that is the poet.
(ii) The advice given to the reader is not to fall for the flattery of a predator.
7. (i) The Spider said that the Fly would be tired because it had been flying very high in
the sky.
(ii) The Spider asked the Fly to take rest on his bed.
8. (i) The Spider wanted the Fly to think that he would not harm her as she was his friend.
(ii) No the Spider did not mean what he said because he was planning to eat the fly.
9. (i) The figure of speech is personification where the spider and the fly are given the
power of speech like humans.
(ii) Anthropomorphism aims to make an animal or object behave and appear like it is a
human being such as describing the Spider’s web as having rooms as in a house.
10. (i) The web was so cunningly spun that the fly would not make out that it was a trap.
(ii) The Spider had set his table because he was confident of trapping the fly and eating
it.

Key to English Workbook-9 29


11. (i) The Fly is called ‘silly’ because she knew the dangers of the Spider’s web and yet she
came flying close on listening to his flattering words.
(ii) Wily words are words used to gain an advantage, especially deceitfully.
12. (i) The Spider says that his eyes are as dull as lead while the fly’s eyes sparkle like a
diamond.
(ii) The figure of speech used here is a simile.
Complete the summary by filling in the spaces with suitable words.
(i) spotting (ii) tried to get (iii) prettiest (iv) smart (v) friend
(vi) his bed (vii) comfortable place (viii) refuses (ix) flattery
(x) wit (xi) wisdom (xii) appearance (xiii) mirror
(xiv) seduced (xv) victim (xvi) vanity
LISTENING
Listen to the passage and fill in the blanks with appropriate answers.
1. relationship at all 2. Trust 3. situation and move on
4. small bumps, throw you back to not trusting and being cold 5. fulfilling life
SUPPLEMENTARY READER
THE CAT AND THE PAIN-KILLER [UNIT-4]
Choose the most suitable option.
1. (c) his friend Becky Thatcher stopped coming to school
2. (d) trying out new medicines 3. (b) mend the crack on the sitting room floor
4. (a) he had a teaspoon of the pain-killer 5. (a) need not take any more medicine
6. (c) in his hoop and his bat 7. (a) The water treatment
8. (d) of the pain-killers 9. (b) of the erratic behaviour of the cat
10. (c) the cat did not have an aunt
Identify the character or speaker of the following lines.
1. Peter the cat 2. Aunt Polly 3. Tom Sawyer 4. Aunt Polly 5. Tom Sawyer
6. Tom Sawyer 7. Peter, the cat 8. Aunt Polly 9. Aunt Polly
Based on your reading, rearrange the following sentences in the correct sequence.
1. Tom was dull and depressed.
2. So, Aunt Polly tried different types of remedies on him.
3. Since all her methods failed, finally she gave him a pain-killer.
4. But, Tom gave that pain-killer to the cat Peter.
5. The pain-killer triggered adverse reactions on Peter.
6. It jumped out of the open window.
7. This incident upset Aunt Polly and she questioned him.
8. He told his aunt that Peter had no aunt, so he gave him the medicine.

30 Key to English Workbook-9


Complete the summary of the extract using the appropriate words from the box below.
(i) dejected (ii) school (iii) health (iv) remedies (v) pretended
(vi) crack (vii) Peter (viii) pain-killer (ix) summersets (x) teaspoon
(xi) cruelty (xii) stopped
In the story we find a lot of American slang usage of English. Complete the tabular column with
standard English. One has been done for you.
Finally hit ‘pon. Finally hit upon
There ain’t anything mean about me. There isn’t anything mean about me.
‘Deed I don’t know. Indeed, I don’t know
Yes’m. That is, I believe they do. Yes ma’am. That is, I believe, what they do.
‘She’d a roasted bowel out of me.’ She made a roasted bowel out of me
‘Oh, go ‘long with you, Tom.’ Oh, go along with you, Tom.
Complete the mind map based on the inputs from the extract.
(i) stopped (ii) dejected (iii) became concerned
(iv) various methods to cure him (v) pain-killer
(vi) Peter, the cat (vii) stop giving him medicines
Based on your understanding of the story, write the answers for the following questions in a
sentence or two.
1. Tom had lost the charm of his life because his friend Becky Thatcher had stopped coming
to school as she was ill.
2. Aunt Polly felt that Tom was ill and she wanted to make him healthy again. So she tried
different remedies on Tom.
3. The medicine diminished because Tom was using it to mend the crack in the sitting
room floor.
4. No, Tom did not compel Peter to take the pain-killer.
5. Peter wished to taste the pain-killer because he thought it would be tasty.
6. Aunt Polly saw the teaspoon in Tom’s hand and realised that he had given the medicine
to Peter.
7. Tom said that the cat did not have an aunt to give it medicines to make it better and so
he gave the cat the medicine.
8. Aunt Polly’s eyes watered because she realised that she had been giving Tom the medicine
that she did not want to give her cat.
9. Tom did not find any joy in his hoop and his bat since Becky Thatcher had stopped
coming to school and so he put them away.
10. Aunt Polly was infatuated with patent medicines and all new methods of producing
health or mending it.
11. Tom’s apparent low condition was a windfall to Aunt Polly as she could try all kinds of
remedies to cure him.
12. Tom was fed up with all the remedies that Aunt Polly was trying on him and decided
that if he pretended to like the pain-killer his aunt would stop treating him.
Key to English Workbook-9 31
13. Tom told Aunt Polly that cats always acted in a strange manner when they were having
a good time.
14. Aunt Polly felt painful regret that what was cruelty to a cat would also be cruelty to Tom.
15. Aunt Polly told Tom that he would not have to take any more medicine if he was a good
boy.
PROSE
“WATER–THE ELIXIR OF LIFE” [UNIT-5]
In Text Questions.
1. The imaginary elixir of life is a draught which is thought to give immortality to the
person who drinks it.
2. According to the writer, the real elixir of life is water.
3. The wonderful difference is the difference between the sea of sand of the Libyan Desert
and the fertile Valley of the Nile in Egypt.
4. The rainfall tanks that are common in South India are a cheering sight when they are
full of water.
5. The writer compares the water in a landscape to the eyes in a human face reflecting the
mood of the hour.
6. The water in the rainfed tanks gets its colour from the fine silt that is carried down by
the rain water from the soil.
7. The main cause of soil erosion is the sudden bursts of heavy rain which causes large
amounts of surplus water to flow rapidly down.
8. Slope of the land, removal of the natural protective coat of vegetation, the existence of
ruts which water flows with increasing force and the absence of any check of such flow
are the other factors that add to the erosion of precious soil.
9. Soil erosion can be prevented through the terracing of land, construction of bunds to
check the flow of water, the practice of contour cultivation and the planting of appropriate
types of vegetation.
10. The prevention of soil erosion helps the growth of plants and trees and it is also necessary
for the conservation and utilisation of water which is fundamental for human welfare.
11. The two sources of water are rain and snowfall.
12. Much of the rainfall flows down into the streams and rivers and ultimately reach the sea.
13. The idea of civilised forests is the planting of suitable trees in every possible and
impossible areas to prevent soil erosion.
14. Soil erosion can be checked through the systematic planting of suitable trees in every area.
15. The cheapest form of transport in a country is by boats and barges through canals and
rivers.
16. You can make a difference to the countryside by harnessing of water to create hydro-
electric power.

32 Key to English Workbook-9


Answer the following questions briefly in one or two sentences.
1. Water has played a vastly significant role in shaping the course of earth’s history and
continues to play the leading role in the drama of life on the surface of our planet because
without water there is no plant, animal or human life.
2. Water carries down silt or finely divided soil in suspension. This is deposited on the
surface of the earth and forms the alluvial soil in many areas. Alluvial soil is very fertile
and is good for cultivation. Thus water helps in forming fertile land as seen in the Valley
of the Nile in Egypt.
3. Soil erosion happens when the water washes away the soil which is the base of all
agriculture. This occurs due to sudden bursts of very heavy rain, resulting in large excess
of water is one of the reasons. The other causes are the slope of the land, deforestation
and no checks to prevent flow of water through ruts.
4. Some of the measures that will help soil erosion is terracing of the land, construction of
bunds to check the flow of water, contour cultivation and planting of appropriate types
of vegetation.
5. According to Sir C. V. Raman the systematic planting of suitable trees in every possible or
even in impossible areas creating civilised forests would check soil erosion and conserve
the rainfall of the country going to waste.
6. The River Nile brought down and deposited the finest silt in its flood waters from the
highlands of Abyssinia and Central Africa. The flood waters deposited it through the
ages in the trough through which the Nile flows into the sea. In this manner the River
Nile made the valley fertile.
7. The internal waterways in India should be developed because they are the cheapest
form of transport in the country using boats and barges. It also makes it possible to
develop hydro-electric power. This would make a tremendous difference to the life of
the countryside and help rural economy to be improved.
8. Water is the commonest and most uncommon of liquids. It has amazing properties
which are responsible for its unique power of maintaining animal and plant life. Thus
the investigation of the nature and properties of water is of great importance. The study
of water is far from an exhausted field of interest.
9. The River Nile is found in Egypt.
10. Because of water, life exists on Earth. For this reason, water is called the most potent and
the most wonderful thing on the face of the Earth.
11. When the silt-laden water of the river mixes with the salt water of the sea there is a rapid
precipitation of the suspended matter.
12. The characteristic colour of the water in rain-fed tanks depends on the nature of the earth
in the catchment area.
13. Gullies and ravines are formed when the rain water gushes down washing away the soil.
14. Just as the eyes reflect the mood of the individual, the water reflects the mood of the

Key to English Workbook-9 33


hour. It is bright and gay when the sun shines and turns dark and gloomy when the
sky is overcast.
UNIT-5 EXERCISES
Synonyms.
1. fictional 2. potion 3. noticeable 4. undulating 5. fruitful
6. swarming 7. construction 8. channel 9. supported 10. stress
11. powerful 12. noteworthiness 13. spectacle 14. slake
15. indispensable 16. bits 17. conveyed 18. portions 19. generous
20. catastrophic 21. evident 22. surfeit 23. embankment 24. preservation
25. distinctive 26. research 27. utilizing 28. eventually 19. significance
30. danger
Antonyms.
1. rarest 2. real 3. mortality 4. invisible 5. invisible
6. sparsely 7. infertile 8. devoid 9. destruction 10. insignificance
11. stimulate 12. deep 13. insignificant 14. unremarkable
15. creative 16. misusing 17. squandering 18. deforestation
19. advanced 20. insensitive 21. solid 22. coarsest 23. modern
24. powerless 25. irregularity 26. dull 27. constructive
28. disadvantageous 29. hidden 30. facilitating
Given below are some idioms related to water. Match the idioms with it’s meaning.
1. (d) 2. (i) 3. (f) 4. (b) 5. (j) 6. (h) 7. (a) 8. (c) 9. (g) 10. (e)
Other Important Questions
1. (f) 2. (d) 3. (g) 4. (a) 5. (c) 6. (b) 7. (e) 8. (j) 9. (h) 10. (i)
Water is a scarce resource. Discuss the causes, problems and solutions to water scarcity and
write them below.
Cause
1. Lack of water management in urban areas.
2. Reduction of the areas where water can be recharged.
3. Filling water bodies with sand for construction.
4. No proper de-silting of water bodies.
5. Garbage and pollutants being dumped into water bodies, rivers and streams.
6. Indiscriminate use of water by individuals.
7. Deforestation.
Problems
1. Deforestation causes insufficient rain.
2. Ground water is being depleted by individuals.
3. Many villagers have to walk miles to get water.
4. Polluted water causes diseases.
5. Water cannot be stored in natural water bodies because of lack of de-silting.
6. Insufficient water for agriculture.
7. No proper storage of rain water causes wastage of rain water.

34 Key to English Workbook-9


Solution
1. Planting more trees will increase rainfall.
2. Proper storage of rain water.
3. Rain water harvesting in every house/apartment complex.
4. De-silting of natural water bodies.
5. Prevention of dumping pollutants into water bodies, rivers and streams.
6. Prevent indiscriminate drilling for water.
7. Allot places for parks around ponds even in concrete jungles.
LISTENING
On the basis of the listening passage, choose the correct answer from the given options.
1. (c) Environmental Children’s Organization
2. (d) fight against environmental pollution.
3. (d) all the above 4. (a) she considers them all belonging to one world.
5. (a) contributing large amounts of waste and not sharing the excess with the needy.
6. (c) A Brazilian child was willing to share because she was rich.
Answer the following questions briefly.
1. The humble request of the twelve-year-old to the elders is that if they cannot repair the
damage that has been done to nature they should stop destroying it now.
2. to make the world a better place for every living creature.
3. that future generations will have nothing to share.
4. She proclaims that she represents the future generation by saying she is there on behalf
of those starving children whose cries are going unheard.
5. (b) It’s not the end of the world. (c) We’re doing the best we can.
GRAMMAR
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
Choose the correct form of the present tense verb from the options given.
1. learn 2. works 3. build 4. designs 5. protect
6. drizzles 7. works 8. speaks 9. give 10. run
PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
Make sentences in the present continuous tense using the verb given in brackets.
1. standing 2. doing/am listening 3. is working
4. am waiting 5. is working
Other Important Questions
Choose the correct form of the tense verb from the options given.
1. saw 2. had known 3. have not heard 4. has been living
5. were rehearsing 6. started, had, learnt 7. had not slept 8. am not wearing
9. was sleeping 10. will be taking 11. was returning 12. will be leaving
13. is 14. stopped 15. have started 16. is afraid
17. make 18. have been waiting 19. had found 20. was sworn in

Key to English Workbook-9 35


What are they doing? Use the verbs below and write sentences.
1. Peter is watching the birds. 2. Kalai is crying. 3. Anu is singing.
4. Sudhan is playing the guitar. 5. Velu is studying
Look at the picture again and answer the questions.
1. No, Tom is eating. 2. No, Velu is studying. 3. No, Kalai is crying.
4. No, Peter is watching the birds. 5. No, Anu is singing
Write the –ing form of the verbs.
1. Coming 2. Taking 3. Flying 4. Swimming 5. Studying 6. Reading
Write negative sentences.
1. He is not learning to read. 2. I am not having a bath.
3. I’m not reading a fantastic book. 4. Raja is not driving a new car.
5. I’m not looking for my bag.
Write questions for the answers.
1. Are they singing? 2. Is she writing a new book?
3. Is it working? 4. Is he doing the project? 5. Are you planning to go?
Fill in the blanks with verbs in the present continuous.
1. are listening 2. is crying 3. am swimming 4. is waiting
5. Is, watching 6. is, helping 7. is not cooking 8. is not singing
9. is not doing 10. Is, working 11. are playing 12. are not swimming
Make sentences in the present perfect tense using the verbs in brackets.
1. has never apologized 2. has been 3. have read 4. finished 5. Has
Present perfect with “ever and never”.
Activity Yes, I have (name) No, I have never. (name)
... been to Ooty Yes, I have been to Ooty. No, I have never been to Ooty.
... travelled by plane Yes, I have travelled in a plane. No, I have never travelled in a plane.
... visited a museum Yes, I have visited a museum. No, I have never visited a museum.
Yes, I have tried swimming in No, I have never tried swimming in
... tried swimming in sea
the sea. the sea.
... gone hiking Yes, I have gone hiking. No, I have never gone hiking.
... sung karaoke Yes, I have sung karaoke. No, I have never sung karaoke,
... lost money Yes, I have lost money. No, I have never lost money.
... taken a cold shower in Yes, I have taken a cold shower No, I have never taken a cold shower
winter in winter. in winter.
Yes, I have listened to French No, I have never listened to French
... listened to French music
music. music.
... eaten a peach Yes, I have eaten a peach. No, I have never eaten a peach.
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
Make sentences in the present perfect continuous tense using the verbs in brackets.
1. have you been waiting 2. has been working 3. have been using
4. have been playing 5. have been demanding
36 Key to English Workbook-9
PAST TENSE
Complete the story using the past tense of the verbs.
(i) knew (ii) could (iii) was (iv) said (v) had (vi) found
(vii) told (viii) hid (ix) began (x) ran (xi) was (xii) thought
(xiii) decided (xiv) fell (xv) woke (xvi) saw (xvii) was (xviii) was
(xix) ran (xx) could (xxi) sat (xxii) got up (xxiii) turned (xxiv) won
Finish each clue by changing the verb within brackets to an irregular past-tense verb. Then
complete the crossword puzzle.
Across: 1. froze 3. bought 4. gave 5. drank 6. slept 7. wrote
Down: 1. found 2. taught 3. blew
PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE
Make sentences in the past continuous tense using the verb in brackets.
1. were waiting 2. were learning 3. was playing 4. was repairing 5. was working
PAST PERFECT TENSE
Complete the sentences using the past perfect tense.
1. he had forgotten to do it. 2. the sun had risen. 3. the game had started.
4. because she had told a lie. 5. his friend had lost the bet.
PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
Circle the correct verb form in each of the following sentences.
1. had been baking 2. had been cleaning 3. had been working
4. had been waiting 5. had been looking
SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE
Complete the sentences using the correct form of the verbs in brackets.
1. will have 2. will visit 3. will fall 4. will go 5. will wait
FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE
Make sentences in the future continuous tense using the verb in brackets.
1. will be completing 2. will be going 3. will be receiving
4. will be leaving 5. will be attending
What is Amala going to do? Given below is Amala’s schedule for next week. Read it and answer
the questions using the future continuous tense.
1. On Sunday morning Amala will be visiting her grandmother.
2. Amala will be preparing sweets on Saturday afternoon.
3. On Wednesday morning Amala will be going to return the library books.
4. Amala will be meeting her friends on Tuesday morning.
5. On Monday afternoon she will be buying groceries for the week.
FUTURE PERFECT TENSE
Match words from the different columns to make reasonable predictions. Then write them down
in the space below. One has been done as an example.
1. In 50 years the ice cap will have melted.
Key to English Workbook-9 37
2. In 100 years women will have obtained equal rights with men.
3. In 1000 years scientists will have launched a space centre in moon.
4. In 50 years China will have become the world’s richest country.
5. In 10 years the world’s population will have reached 10 billion.
6. In 50 years UK will have become one country.
7. In 10 years India will have discovered a complete cure for cancer.
POEM
THE RIVER [UNIT-5]
1. (i) The river seems to dance over the pebbles.
(ii) Foliage is a cluster of leaves, flower and branches.
2. (i) The water in the river is constantly increasing and so the poet mentions that the river
is swelling.
(ii) The river flows over rough and smooth surfaces.
3. (i) The rose grows on the banks of the river.
(ii) The stage of man referred to here is that of the youth.
4. (i) The river is broad and deep.
(ii) Time is constantly moving and so is the river.
5. (i) The river is flowing towards the ocean.
(ii) By ‘mortal prime’ the poet compares the river to a man who is in a time of greatest
energy and physical strength.
6. (i) The poet calls the river little because this is where the river begins its journey.
(ii) The sunlight reflecting on the river makes it sparkle.
7. (i) As the water in the river increases and it flows over the rocks the noise it makes
increases.
(ii) These words describe the life of a youth.
8. (i) The river seems to be still because it is now very deep and so there is no turbulence
on the surface.
(ii) The river does not appear to be moving but it is in constant motion like time.
9. (i) When you say the sea has never been sounded it means that the depth of the sea has
never been measured.
(i) The sea referred to in the second line is eternity.
Read the lines and answer.
1. The rhyming words are way, play and dancing, glancing.
2. The rhyme scheme of the poem is a, b, c, c, b
3. The figure of speech used in this line is a simile. Other examples are “Like impetuous
youth”, ”still as time”. “Just like mortal prime” and “Like eternity”.
4. (i) The words in alliteration are seeming and still
(i) Other words in alliteration are flowers & foliage; rush & rough; rocks & rose-banks;
down & dash; sea & sounded.
5. The epithets are little river, swelling river, brimming river and headlong river.
38 Key to English Workbook-9
6. Imagery found in the poem:
(a) Bright you sparkle (b) Yellow pebbles
(c) Louder, faster, brawling, leaping (d) Still as time
(e) Down you dash
Based on the understanding of the poem, write down the summary of the poem by filling in the
blanks.
(i) stages of human life (ii) yellow pebbles (iii) a knife
(iv) child (v) reckless youth (vi) sweeping
(vii) prime phase (viii) motionless (ix) journey
Quote from memory the poem ‘The River’.
Refer Text Book. Pg. No. 141.
SUPPLEMENTARY READER
LITTLE CYCLONE: THE STORY OF A GRIZZLY CUB [UNIT-5]
VOCABULARY
Use the following phrases in sentences of your own.
1. Hard work helps to earn one’s name in the society.
2. There is a stream at the rear of my property.
3. It is difficult to stand by and to see one fight fiercely.
4. There is no man on this earth devoid of pain and sufferings.
5. Rani must possess something in her air and manner of walking.
6. Many rescued the stranded people as quick as a flash.
7. Tom decided to go on trip in wild haste.
8. Rajiv was suspended from work as he make a pass at his colleague.
ow refer a dictionary and find idioms on the following animals, birds and insects. Learn their
N
meanings and share what you have learnt with your class. Try to frame illustrative sentences
with those. Find opportunities to use them in your everyday conversations.
1. lion-to fight like a lion
The soldiers fought like a lion in the battle field.
2. mouse-quiet as a mouse
The thief entered at the house as quiet as a mouse.
3. parrot-sick as a parrot
Reena will be as sick as a parrot if she fails to score centum in Maths.
4. fox-as cunning as a fox
Smitha’s enemy was a cunning as a fox.
5. hawk-watch like a hawk
I was watching the magician like a hawk.
6. snake-snake in the grass
Do not trust Ravi as he is a snake in the grass.
7. monkey-a monkey on one’s back
Savitha absence from the game remains the monkey on her back.

Key to English Workbook-9 39


8. dog-as faithful as a dog
The servant of Ramu’s house was faithful as a dog.
9. snail-at a snail’s pace
The progress made by the student was at a snail’s pace.
10. bee-as busy as a bee
Rani’s mother is always as busy as bee.
Telling the Story Again.
(i) Alaska (ii) by the vigour of his resistance
(iii) ran away as fast as they could (iv) the rough human hands
(v) as they put up a fierce fight (vi) seized
(vii) Porcupine City (viii) a nursery (ix) timid on the next day
(x) that was a grizzly from Alaska that he had come to stay
(xi) attack (xii) that he could fight any bear in three seconds’ notice
(xiii) dignified and respected
Choose the Correct Answer.
1. (b) his vigour of resistance to ill-treatment 2. (c) the bear fought so fiercely
3. (b) friendly hands of the Zoological Society 4. (a) grizzly cub from Alaska
5. (c) a second’s notice
PROSE
FROM ZERO TO INFINITY [UNIT-6]
In Text Questions.
1. The boys laughed at Ramanujan’s question.
2. The Indian mathematician Bhaskara proved that zero divided by zero was infinity.
3. Ramanujan got “Loney’s Trigonometry” book from the college library.
4. Ramanujan would do his problems on loose sheets of paper or on a slate and jot the
results in notebooks.
5. Ramanujan neglected History, English and Physiology in college.
6. The University of Madras granted Ramanujan a fellowship of ` 75 a month.
7. Ramanujan sent a letter to G. H. Hardy of Cambridge University in which he set out
120 theorems and formulae.
8. G.H. Hardy and his colleague J.E. Littlewood realised a rare mathematical genius in
Ramanujan.
Answer the following questions in a sentence or two.
1. The students laughed at Ramanujan because they thought that his question was silly.
2. The teacher complimented Ramanujan because he had asked a question that had taken
mathematicians several centuries to answer.
3. After reading the book on Trigonometry, Ramanujan began his own research and came
up with many mathematical theorems and formulae not given in the book.
4. Although Ramanujan has secured first class in mathematics in the matriculation
40 Key to English Workbook-9
examination, he failed twice in his first-year arts examination in college and neglected
other subjects like History, English and Physiology. This disappointed Ramanujan’s father.
5. Ramanujan managed his paper crisis by using even scraps of paper he found lying on
the streets, using a red pen to write over what was written in blue ink on the piece of
paper he had picked up.
6. Ramanujan was unkempt and uncouth. He would visit the offices with his tattered note
books, saying he knew mathematics. Since no one could understand what he had written,
they were not willing to employ him.
7. While working at Cambridge, Ramanujan contacted tuberculosis which, at that time,
was an incurable disease. So he was sent back to India.
8. If zero bananas are divided among zero each will get an infinite number of bananas.
9. Ramanujan was born on December 22, 1887 in Erode in Tamil Nadu.
10. Ramanujan was awarded the Subramanyan Scholarship.
11. When Ramanujan’s father found him always scribbling numbers and not doing much
else, he thought his son had gone mad.
12. Francis Spring was the Director of Madras Port Trust. He was impressed by Ramanujan’s
notebooks and so he gave him a job.
13. Ramanujan was given a monthly salary of `` 25/-.
14. Ramanujan found himself a stranger. He found the cold unbearable and being a
vegetarian he had to cook his own food.
15. Ramanujan was compared to one who knows the Pythagorus theorem but does not
know what a congruent triangle means.
16. It was sheer genius that led Ramanujan to mathematical truths.
17. Besides mathematics, Ramanujan was an astrologer of repute and a good speaker.
UNIT-6 EXERCISES
Match the words with correct Synonym and Antonym from the table.
S. No. Word Synonym Antonym
1. distribute circulate collect
2. infinite boundless measurable
3. significant important trivial
4. delight joy sorrow
5. unkempt messy clean
6. initiate commence conclude
7. conjecture guess fact
Other Important Questions

8. similarly correspondingly differently


9. roar bellow whisper
10. triggered activated deactivated
Key to English Workbook-9 41
11. dingy drab bright
12. unkempt bedraggled neat
13. uncouth unrefined refined
14. ignorant uninformed knowledgeable
15. included incorporated excluded
16. determination tenacity indecisiveness
17. discrepancies variances concordance
Synonyms.
1. explaining 2. intelligent 3. likewise 4. circulated 5. paused 6. bellow
7. foolish 8. stridently 9. banged 10. boundless 11. strategy 12. praised
13. ridiculous 14. fascinating 15. genius 16. drab 17. deciphered 18. understand
19. ascertained 20. important 21. basic 22. terrifying 23. joyful
24. activated 25. messy 26. unrefined 27. ragged 28. commenced
29. guess 30. resolve
Antonyms.
1. answers 2. a. unintelligent 3. differently 4. collected 5. started
6. murmur 7. sensible 8. softly 9. measurable 10. insulted
11. logical 12. uninteresting 13. behind 14. dunce 15. bright
16. undeciphered 17. misunderstand 18. overlooked 19. trivial
20. complex 21. calming 22. sorrowful 23. deactivated 24. clean
25. refined 26. unused 27. concluded 28. fact 29. uncertainty 30. disrepute
LISTENING
Listen to the anecdote “Two Geniuses” and narrate it in your own words.
Albert Einstein is considered to be one of the greatest scientists of the twentieth century.
He was invited very often to universities to explain his theories. The person who drove to
all these places was Hans. Hans always told Einstein that it was a privilege to drive a genius
like him to his appointments. One day Einstein told Hans that he wished he did not have to
speak as he was feeling very tired. Hans suggested that he would take Einstein’s place as he
had listened to his speech and knew it by heart. Einstein agreed but told Hans not to answer
any questions. Einstein sat in the audience and heard Hans give the speech perfectly. Then
a professor asked a question and Einstein knew that Hans would not be able to answer it.
He was surprised when Hans laughed and told the professor that the answer was so simple
that even his driver could answer it. Einstein stood up and answered the question. On the
way back when Hans was ready to return to his role as driver Einstein told him that it was a
privilege to drive a genius like Hans.
READING
Answer the following questions based on the given passage.
1. John Shepherd-Barron had gone to withdraw money from his bank but found it locked
because he was a minute late. While lying in his bath thinking about this incident, he
came up with the idea of an ATM.
42 Key to English Workbook-9
2. The first ATM was installed on June 27, 1967 at a branch of Barclays Bank in the north
London suburb of Enfield.
3. The first person to withdraw cash from the ATM was the actor Reg Varney.
4. Shepherd-Barron reduced the PIN number from six digits to four when his wife
complained that six was too many and she could only remember four figures.
5. Ramanujan’s ‘Partition Theory’ helps the ATMs to dispense cash.
WRITING
1. Write a paragraph of 100-120 words about a memorable anecdote/incident of your
life.[OR]
In today’s world everyone is so busy that they have no time to think about others. A few
days ago I was riding to school on my cycle when the traffic light turned red. A lot of people
started crossing the road. An old man was carrying a bag with a few vegetables. He was
walking very slowly when suddenly the bag slipped from his hands and the vegetables fell
on the road. At that moment the light turned green and all the cars started honking for the
man to get off the road. Some people started to shout at the old man. Suddenly a little urchin
ran up to the old man and I thought that he would grab the vegetables and run. Instead he
helped the old man pick up the vegetables, put them in the bag and helped the old man
across the street. I realised that day that there are still good people in the world and I felt bad
that I had not helped the old man.
2. Write a paragraph of 100-120 words about your favourite personality.
My favourite personality is our former President, Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam. Affectionately
called the Missile Man of India, he is an inspiration to students that they too can reach great
heights if they set their mind to it. He became the 11th President of India in 2002. In his school
years, Kalam had average grades but was described as a bright and hardworking student
who had a strong desire to learn. He spent hours on his studies, especially mathematics. Dr.
Kalam is best known for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle
technology. He also played a pivotal organisational, technical, and political role in India’s
Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998. He dared students to dream and to work to make their
dreams a reality. His dream was to make India a developed nation by 2020. His death on July
27th, 2015 was a great loss to the student community and the country.
GRAMMAR
Complete the following sentences using appropriate connectors from the box.
1. although 2. Moreover 3. because 4. Meanwhile 5. for instance
6. therefore 7. except 8. as long as 9. thus 10. above all
11. Though 12. in spite of 13. Despite 14. even if 15. but
16. after 17. On the other hand 18. Unlike
19. In the same way 20. Furthermore
ACTIVE VOICE AND PASSIVE VOICE
Convert the following active sentences into passive sentences by supplying an appropriate
passive verb form.
1. (c) will not be recognized 2. (a) wasn’t invited 3. (c) was broken
4. (c) has been won 5. (c) is being repaired 6. (a) be begun
Key to English Workbook-9 43
7. (b) is spoken 8. (c) was shocked 9. (b) had already been sent
10. (b) am worried by 11. (b) has built 12. (a) are taught
13. (b) was being prepared 14. (c) have been destroyed
15. (a) was broken 16. (c) is produced 17. (b) has been made
18. (a) was covered 19. (b) are not worn 20. (c) has been spilt
Match the following Active voice sentences with Passive voice.
I. 1. (v) 2. (iii) 3. (iv) 4. (ii) 5. (i)
II. 1. (v) 2. (i) 3. (iv) 4. (iii) 5. (ii)
Change the following into passive voice.
1. You will be informed later by Stanley.
2. Portuguese is spoken by the people in Brazil.
3. This house was built by my grandfather in 1943.
4. Let the animals not be hurt.
5. Litter must not be dropped on the street.
6. It is to be carried home.
7. The wall is being decorated by them.
8. The TV set has already been mended by him.
9. The doors are locked every night by the watchman.
10. Her parents will be visited by Reshma next week.
11. The sand castle is being washed away by the waves.
12. The thief was being chased by the police.
13. We were driven home by Dad.
14. A hundred runs have been scored by Kohli.
15. The dead leaves were swept away by the gardener.
16. Rajesh was bitten by a dog and he was given an injection by the doctor.
17. The doorbell was rung by Meena and the door was opened by her mother.
18. Radhika was punished by the teacher because the homework had not been completed
by her.
POEM
THE COMET [UNIT-6]
Read the following lines and answer the questions.
1. (i) The comet travels through space making a lot of noise and causing damage.
(ii) The word ‘rampaging’ could be replaced by ‘speeding’.
2. (i) The comet is compared to a cheetah because it travels very swiftly and the cheetah
is the fastest animal on earth.
(ii) The comet’s tail is compared here.
3. (i) The shockwave is reaching to the ground.
(ii) The shockwave makes the land to quake when it reaches the ground.
4. (i) The word ‘they’ refers to the comets.

44 Key to English Workbook-9


(ii) Scientists feel that the dust left behind by the comets caused life to start on earth.
5. (i) ‘I’ refers to the poet Norman Littleford.
(ii) The best spectacle mentioned here is the sight of a comet flashing across the sky.
6. (i) The comet does not stop day or night.
(ii) The comet does not stop because it is travelling through space.
7. (i) The comet is bigger than a mountain.
(ii) The comet is described as powerful and strong.
8. (i) The ‘one’ referred to here is a comet.
(ii) If the comet came too close to the earth it would cause the atmosphere to shake.
9. (i) The poet cannot say if life on earth began from the dust in the tail of the comet.
(ii) Since he is not a scientist he says that he does not have the right to say how life on
earth was formed.
Complete the summary by filling in the given spaces with suitable words/phrases given below.
(i) by day or night (ii) spectacular scene (iii) cheetah
(iv) powerful and strong (v) outer ice (vi) a trail
(vii) shock wave (viii) scientists (ix) emerging (x) best spectacle
Poem appreciation.
10. (i) The rhyming words are shake and quake.
(ii) The rhyme scheme in the lines is a b c b.
(iii) It is the words in a line that gives the rhythm according to the meter of the line.
Examples are: The atmosphere will shake
Causing the land to quake
If one should come too close to earth
With shock wave reaching to the ground
LISTENING
Listen to the passage on ‘Comet’ and fill in the blanks by choosing the correct answer.
1. (b) Sun 2. (b) ice 3. (c) tail 4. (c) Pluto 5. True
Quote from memory the poem ‘The Comet’ the first 12 lines.
Refer Text Book. Pg. No. 165.
SUPPLEMENTARY READER
MOTHER’S VOICE [UNIT-6]
Choose the correct answer.
1. (c) it was her first visit to the moon 2. (d) her singing was muted and a little sad
3. (a) Selenopolis
4. (d) of different nationalities come after work
5. (a) galaxy
6. (a) it was better to remain as a part of the solar-system
7. (b) it’s the space allotted by nature 8. (c) a recording of his mother’s voice
9. (b) it was the time for apples and pears
10. (c) her son loved fishing 11. (a) Earth floating in space

Key to English Workbook-9 45


Identify the character or speaker of the following lines.
1. Mother 2. Son 3. Mother 4. Mother 5. Officer
Think and answer.
Travelling in a space ship is not easy. It takes not just physical but also mental strength.
People have to live in a confined space for large periods of time. They will have to learn to
adjust with others who are not of the same character or temperament. The method of living
is very different from that of living on earth or where there is gravity. Food habits and life
styles have to change. It takes a deep sense of commitment and determination in order to
succeed in this kind of an undertaking. One has to learn to be physically fit in a confined
space because in this kind of situation, physical fitness is as important as the ability to adjust
mentally to the situations that one faces. That is why astronauts have to undergo intense
psychological and physical tests before they can be chosen to go on any space flight.
Based on the understanding of the story, discuss in groups and make a note of the following.
Setting:
1. The incident takes place on a spaceship travelling to another galaxy.
2. The conversation between mother and son takes place when the mother visits her son
when he was stationed on the Moon.
Characters:
1. The main character is the son who is travelling to another galaxy.
2. The second character is the mother who had tried to convince her son not to take the
trip to another galaxy.
3. The third character is a person who calls the narrator to the office. It is this person who
is crucial in highlighting the fact that the narrator is not on the Moon but on his way to
another galaxy.
Plot:
There are two plots that are interwoven
1. One thread of the story is the interaction of the mother and the son on the Moon.
2. The second thread is woven in when the reader realises that the scene between mother
and son is a recording and the son is actually on a trip to another galaxy.
Conclusion:
The young are anxious to conquer new world though they have to make a lot of sacrifices
for it.
PROSE
A BIRTHDAY LETTER [UNIT-7]
In Text Questions.
1. Nehru wrote this letter to his daughter from Central Prison, Naini.
2. Nehru did not send any material presents to his daughter but he did send presents of
the mind and spirit.
3. Joan of Arc is the historical character who inspired the young Indira.
4. When a whole group of people become interested in a great cause then history will help
ordinary men and women to become heroes.
5. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi better known as Mahatma Gandhi is referred to as
“Bapuji”.

46 Key to English Workbook-9


6. The soldiers of India should respect India’s honour.
Answer the following questions in one or two sentences.
1. Nehru could not send any presents to Indira because he was in prison.
2. Things of the mind and spirit cannot be stopped even by the high walls of a prison.
3. Nehru did not like sermonizing because what is right and wrong must be decided
through discussion.
4. History tells us that in great periods in the life of a nation, even ordinary men and
women become heroes.
5. Normally ordinary people think of their bread and butter, of their children, of their
household worries and similar problems.
6. When a whole group of people become interested in a great cause, then ordinary men
and women become heroes.
7. India’s struggle for freedom from foreign oppression is the “great drama” referred to here.
8. The freedom fighters under Gandhi are not afraid of anything because they have nothing
to hide.
9. The best way to find out what is right and what is wrong is through discussion because
by discussing sometimes a little bit of truth comes out.
10. Nehru said that the world is wide and beyond our world lay other wonderful and
mysterious worlds. That is why one should not imagine that one has learnt everything.
11. Indira’s ambition had been to be something like Joan of Arc.
12. Nehru describes Gandhiji as a great leader, full of love for all who suffer and eager to
help them.
13. The test to be applied to check if something is right or wrong is to see if it can be done
in the open and not hidden or done in secret.
14. Nehru wanted Indira to grow up a child of the light, unafraid and serene and unruffled
not matter what may happen.
Match the words with correct Synonym and Antonym from the table.
S. No. Word Synonym Antonym
1. wide broad narrow
2. noble gentle ignoble
3. oppress subdue freedom
4. honour privilege dishonour
5. worthy valuable unworthy
6. private personal public
7. brave valiant coward
Other Important Questions
8. sermonizing lecturing discussing
9. mysterious strange normal

Key to English Workbook-9 47


10. fascinated transfixed indifferent
11. ambition aspiration apathy
12. ordinary normal extraordinary
13. magic appeal repulsion
14. respect esteem disrespect
15. sacred holy unholy
16. secrecy concealment openness
17. serene calm tempestuous
UNIT-7 EXERCISES
Synonym.
1. broad 2. comprehensive 3. convey 4. destitute 5. constantly
6. rousing 7. quantity 8. substantial 9. lecturing 10. dispensing
11. dialogue 12. fact 13. amazing 14. strange 15. wearied
16. transfixed 17. aspiration 18. normal 19. brave 20. attracted
21. gentle 22. subdued 23. appeal 24. esteem 25. privilege
26. holy 27. valiant 28. personal 29. calm 30. frightened
Antonym.
1. narrow 2. sketchy 3. conserve 4. replete 5. intermittently
6. boring 7. insubstantial 8. gaseous 9. discussing 10. gathering
11. argument 12. falsehood 13. mundane 14. normal 15. excited
16. indifferent 17. apathy 18. extraordinary 19. timid
20. disinterested 21. ignoble 22. uplifted 23. repulsion 24. disrespect
25. dishonour 26. unholy 27. cowardly 28. public 29. nervous
30. courageous
THINK AND ANSWER
Identify, whether the following statements are of OPINION or FACT.
1. Fact 2. Opinion 3. Opinion 4. Fact 5. Opinion
LISTENING
Listen to the dialogue and answer the following questions.
1. (a) brothers 2. (b) parents 3. (b) April 2nd
4. (c) plant a mango sapling 5. False
READING
Answer the following.
1. The name of her diary is Kitty.
2. Anne wanted to exchange the book ‘Camera Obscura’ because her sister Margot already
had it and she would prefer something new to read.
3. Anne Frank baked the homemade cookies.
4. Anne chose to play volleyball.
5. The gift that Anne valued the most was her diary.
48 Key to English Workbook-9
WRITING
Write a meaningful paragraph using the hints given below.
ahesh celebrated his 14th birthday at an old-age home along with his family and
M
friends. He informed the home in advance about his plans. He delegated the job of buying
the necessary things for the party to his friends. Mahesh and his friends arrived at the home
early and decorated the place with balloons and colour paper. When the inmates gathered
together in the hall Mahesh cut his birthday cake while they all sang ‘Happy birthday dear
Mahesh’. Mahesh and his friends distributed pieces of cake to the inmates. This was followed
by singing songs and everyone had a wonderful time. The inmates all blessed Mahesh. He
presented each person with a bedsheet, footwear and other articles. Mahesh and his friends
returned home happy and content.
GRAMMAR
Choose the correct determiner.
1. those 2. The 3. a 4. many 5. an 6. any
7. an 8. each 9. some 10. the 11. much 12. some
13. second 14. three 15. an 16. that 17. the 18. these
19. our 20. many 21. most 22. plenty 23. some 24. any
25. nothing 26. all 27. an 28. little 29. many 30. a
REPORTED SPEECH
Observe the following call-outs. Reporter (C) has reported the sentences of Speaker (A). Now,
help Reporter (C) report the rest of the sentences of Speaker (A).
C: He said that he would not go to the party
C: She asked when he had come.
C: She warned him not to touch the wire.
C: He said that he would explain it to her later.
C: He said that they would meet the next day.
Report the following sentences.
1. Banu told them not to spoil the eco-system.
2. Pranav asked if I had booked the tickets to Delhi.
3. Rekha asked Tilak when they were leaving to their native town.
4. Sujith instructed Ryan that he should get up early in the morning.
5. Vivaan requested his mother to buy him a hot chocolate.
6. Sudar said that he had to take a test in English the next day.
7. Pragathi told her sister that she needed her help to arrange the books in the shelf.
8. Dhilip asked his son why he did not use crayons for colouring.
9. Babu asked Meghna why she was crying and she replied that she had broken her camera.
10. Mohan asked Raju to go with him as he wanted to show him something.
11. The Principal ordered everyone to assemble in the auditorium at once.
12. Janaki asked Sundari if she liked her new saree.
13. Madhumita confessed that she had forgotten to post the letter.
14. Shanthi asked her mother what they should order for dinner.
15. The policeman ordered the driver to obey the traffic rules.
Key to English Workbook-9 49
16. I told Allen that I might need his help.
17. Pratik said that he had seen Raksha two days earlier.
18. The woman asked where the Manager’s office was.
19. Dad urged me not to give up.
20. He asked the hotel manager which room had the best view.
21. The Physics teacher ordered everyone to stop talking.
22. My sister requested me to bring her the umbrella.
23. The storyteller told us to listen carefully.
POEM
THE STICK-TOGETHER FAMILIES [UNIT-7]
Based on your understanding of the poem, answer the questions in a sentence or two.
1. (i) The gladdest people living are those who belong to a close knit family.
(ii) They gather around the fireside.
(iii) Only death can break their unity.
2. (i) They have their family gatherings at the end of a busy day.
(ii) They have their family conventions at home.
(iii) The ‘finest conventions’ refers to the family gatherings.
3. (i) The rich and poor folks imagine themselves to be wise.
(ii) They break all ties with their families.
(iii) ‘They’ refers to the rich and poor folks who break ties with their families.
4. (i) They roam far away from home in search of happiness.
(ii) According to them, they get the bright smiles when they have wandered far away
from their homes.
5. (i) The gladdest people are the brothers and sisters who share their fun at the end of
the day.
(ii) They share their fun at the end of the day.
(iii) ‘Who’ refers to the brothers and sisters who share their fun at the end of the day.
6. (i) The family members who stay together win the joys of the earth.
(ii) They find their joy in laughing and singing together.
(iii) The ‘stick-together ’ family refers to the family that stay united under all
circumstances.
7. (i) A stranger is considered to be a true friend.
(ii) You have to travel far way and down the wrong paths to find such a friend.
(iii) No, such a friend cannot be considered a true friend.
8. (i) ‘They’ refers to those who go searching for happiness outside the family circle.
(ii) Their joy lies far away with their home.
(iii) ‘Striving’ means ‘making a great effort to achieve or obtain something’. The person
has to make a great effort to get a joy that is easily obtainable at home.
9. (i) You can get all the charm that life can give at home.
(ii) The word ‘shelters’ means ‘giving protection from harm’.
10. (i) Those who wander far from home in search of happiness harvest bitterness.

50 Key to English Workbook-9


(ii) The joy they find is called ‘empty’ because it does not have substance.
(iii) They can find true happiness only at home with their family.
Based on the understanding of the poem, fill in the blanks using the words and phrases given
below to make a meaningful summary of the poem.
(i) joint family (ii) brothers and sisters (iii) separate ways
(iv) stick-together families (v) rich and the poor folks
(vi) shatter their families (vii) bitterness (viii) share their fun
(ix) the joy of earth (x) charm of life
Answer the following.
1. The words in alliteration are ‘folk’.
2. The stick-together families are happier by far -a
Than the brothers and the sisters who take separate highways are. -a
The gladdest people living are the wholesome folks who make -b
A circle at the fireside that no power but death can break. -b
And the finest of conventions ever held beneath the sun -c
Are the little family gatherings when the busy day is done. -c
There are rich folk, there are poor folk, who imagine they are wise, -d
And they’re very quick to shatter all the little family ties. -d
Each goes searching after pleasure in his own selected way, -e
Each with strangers likes to wander, and with strangers likes to play. -e
But it’s bitterness they harvest, and it’s empty joy they find, -f
For the children that are wisest are the stick-together kind. -f
There are some who seem to fancy that for gladness they must roam, -g
That for smiles that are the brightest they must wander far from home. -g
That the strange friend is the true friend, and they travel far astray -e
They waste their lives in striving for a joy that’s far away, -e
But the gladdest sort of people, when the busy day is done, -c
Are the brothers and the sisters who together share their fun. -c
It’s the stick-together family that wins the joys of earth, -h
That hears the sweetest music and that finds the finest mirth; -h
It’s the old home roof that shelters all the charm that life can give; -i
There you find the gladdest play-ground, there the happiest spot to live. -i
And, O weary, wandering brother, if contentment you would win, -j
Come you back unto the fireside and be comrade with your kin. -j
LISTENING
Listen to the passage and fill in the blanks with appropriate answer.
1. family and upbringing 2. Bonding 3. safe harbor
4. supportive family 5. lovable parents, siblings

Key to English Workbook-9 51


WRITING
Write a four-line poem with rhyming words describing your family.
My family is so loving and so giving
We’re always there for one another
Father, mother, sister and brother
Always united in our happy living.
SUPPLEMENTARY READER
THE CHRISTMAS TRUCE [UNIT-7]
Choose the correct answer.
1. (a) World War I 2. (d) Christmas 3. (a) fairy tale
4. (b) trenches 5. (c) porter 6. (b) No Man’s Land
7. (d) not to fire 8. (c) worked in Britain 9. (a) have peace
10. (c) a British soldier 11. (a) France
Identify the character, speaker or both of the following lines.
1. Tom 2. John 3. British captain
4. German soldier 5. older German soldier
Think and answer.
1. During World War I the soldiers of the countries at war faced each other across a
battlefield. They realised that the enemy soldier was just another decent person like
themselves who was following the orders of their government. Today war had escalated
to a completely different level. With the dropping of the atom bomb on Hiroshima and
Nagasaki the attack was on people whom you did not see. Today with guided missiles
you do not even have to be in the same country in order to attack and destroy. In this
scenario, it is no possibility for such an incident like the one that has been narrated to
take place because there is no human interaction.
2. Postcard
Dear Mother,
You will not believe what took place yesterday. John woke me up and I saw that the
Germans had set up Christmas trees in front of their trenches lighted by candles. Then they
began to sing carols and our troops joined in as well. We declared a ceasefire and joined
together on No Man’s Land where we exchanged gifts. It was such a magical night but
we knew that we would soon be fighting each other again. It is sad that peace cannot be
promoted by all nations.
Your loving son,
Sam
ENGLISH VOCABULARY
VOCABULARY
Choose the sentence that is correct in its meaning.
1. (b) 2. (b) 3. (a) 4. (b) 5. (b) 6. (b) 7. (b) 8. (a) 9. (b) 10. (b)
11. (b) 12. (b) 13. (b) 14. (b) 15. (b) 16.
(b) 17.
(b) 18.
(b) 19. (b) 20. (a)
21. (b) 22. (b) 23. (b) 24. (b) 25. (a) 26.
(b) 27.
(b) 28.
(b) 29. (b) 30. (b)
52 Key to English Workbook-9
31. (b) 32. (b) 33. (b) 34. (a) 35. (b) 36.
(a) 37.
(b) 38.
(b) 39.
(b) 40.
(b)
41. (b) 42. (b) 43. (b) 44. (b) 45. (b) 46.
(b) 47.
(b) 48.
(b) 49.
(b) 50.
(a)
Use the prefix to a suitable word.
1. (c) 2. (b) 3. (d) 4. (a) 5. (d) 6. (a) 7. (c) 8. (a) 9. (a) 10.
(a)
11. (c) 12. (a) 13. (a) 14. (a) 15. (a) 16.
(a) 17.
(b) 18.
(a) 19.
(c) 20.
(a)
21. (b) 22. (b) 23. (a) 24. (b) 25. (a) 26.
(b) 27.
(c) 28.
(c) 29.
(a) 30.
(a)
31. (b) 32. (a) 33. (b) 34. (c) 35. (a) 36.
(b) 37.
(c) 38.
(b) 39.
(b) 40.
(b)
Use the suffix to a suitable word.
1. (a) 2. (b) 3. (d) 4. (c) 5. (a) 6. (a) 7. (a) 8. (a) 9. (c) 10.
(a)
11. (b) 12. (c) 13. (c) 14. (a) 15. (b) 16.
(d) 17.
(a) 18.
(d) 19.
(a) 20.
(b)
21. (b) 22. (c) 23. (a) 24. (c) 25. (b) 26.
(a) 27.
(c) 28.
(b) 29.
(b) 30.
(b)
31. (a) 32. (a) 33. (b) 34. (a) 35. (c) 36.
(c) 37.
(a) 38.
(b) 39.
(a) 40.
(c)
Replace the underlined word in the sentence with one of the phrasal verbs given below to convey
the same meaning.
1. (b) 2. (c) 3. (b) 4. (c) 5. (c) 6. (c) 7. (b) 8. (d) 9. (b) 10. (b)
11. (b) 12. (b) 13. (a) 14. (c) 15. (c) 16. (d) 17. (b) 18. (c) 19. (d) 20. (b)
21. (d) 22. (b) 23. (b) 24. (c) 25. (b) 26. (b) 27. (c) 28. (d) 29. (c) 30. (b)
31. (d) 32. (b) 33. (c) 34. (c) 35. (b) 36. (c) 37. (b) 38. (d) 39. (c) 40. (b)
Choose the sentence that is correct in meaning.
1. hear 2. way 3. hat 4. rest 5. great 6. story
7. card 8. show 9. cheque 10. mad 11. lack 12. ice
13. tap 14. hawls 15. laws 16. form 17. no 18. whole
19. can 20. fair 21. far 22. night 23. shore 24. sun
25. rise 26. shot 27. pause 28. seen 29. ring 30. bears
AUXILIARIES AND MODALS
EXERCISE 1
1. shall 2. shall 3. will 4. will 5. will
6. shall 7. will 8. will 9. will 10. shall
EXERCISE 2
1. should 2. should 3. would 4. would 5. should
6. should 7. would 8. should 9. would 10. would
EXERCISE 3
1. may 2. May 3. could 4. May 5. Could
6. can 7. can 8. can 9. Could 10. might
EXERCISE 4
1. must 2. ought 3. must 4. ought 5. must
6. must 7. must 8. ought 9. must 10. must
EXERCISE 5
1. Dare 2. need 3. need 4. need 5. need
6. dare 7. need 8. need 9. Dare 10. Dare

Key to English Workbook-9 53


CONTEXTUAL EXERCISES
Fill in the blanks in the following pieces of conversation choosing the most appropriate words
from the given options.
1. (a) (ii) may (b) (iii) should (c) (i) can (d) (iv) may (e) (ii) Can
(f) (iii) will
2. (a) (i) May (b) (i) can (c) (i) shall (d) (ii) will (e) (i) would
(f) (ii) needn’t
3. (a) (ii) shall (b) (ii) will (c) (i) can (d) (iv) May (e) (i) can
(f) (ii) should
4. (a) (ii) should (b) (iv) could (c) (ii) must (d) (ii) will (e) (iv) should
(f) (ii) will
5. (a) (iii) may (b) (iii) cannot (c) (ii) must (d) (ii) may (e) (iii) must
(f) (iv) should
6. (a) (i) Could (b) (ii) would (c) (ii) could (d) (iii) Could (e) (ii) will
(f) (ii) can
7. (a) (i) can (b) (ii) must (c) (iii) should (d) (iv) must (e) (iii) can
(f) (ii) must
8. (a) (iii) Would (b) (ii) can (c) (i) can (d) (ii) Could (e) (ii) can
(f) (ii) will
Change the infinitive into gerund and rewrite the sentence.
1. Sheela taught Muthu dancing.
2. Preaching is easier than practising.
3. Seeing is believing.
4. Saving is earning money.
5. My ambition in life is becoming a teacher.
6. She regretted missing the first scene of the movie.
7. John came asking for help.
8. Walking in deep sleep is a strange disease.
9. Growing roses is Maydhini’s hobby.
10. Gandhi loved walking three miles a day.
11. Understanding grammar is easy.
12. Repairing the remote should not be difficult.
13. The students wanted painting.
14. Singing is Leela’s hobby.
15. I like building model planes.
16. Kala loves eating a lot of chocolates.
17. I love walking in the rain.
18. Swimming is a great exercise.
19. Tom loved painting the gate.
20. She loves reading good novels.

54 Key to English Workbook-9


Change the gerund into an infinitive and rewrite the sentence.
1. To work is to live God’s furtherest dream on earth.
2. She loves to eat nuts.
3. The vision impaired people also like to agitate to press their demands.
4. To laugh is good for health.
5. To win is not easy.
6. To treat both success and failure equally requires maturity of mind.
7. To tolerate the frailties of others is a mark of the gentleman.
8. Good people don’t want to build walls.
9. They want to build bridges.
10. To love someone involves the risk of commitment.
11. To read gives one pleasure and knowledge.
12. To walk increases the blood circulation.
13. To paint is Ramu’s hobby.
14. Trisha loves to rescue injured animals and give them medical treatment to survive
accidents.
15. To play strengthens one’s body.
16. She loves to speak to her relatives only in English.
17. Mother encouraged us to work hard.
18. To dream alone will not make one great.
19. To realize one’s dream is a challenge.
20. Some politicians love to enter politics to serve their own interests.
Choose the suitable one word substitute for the words in the following sentences.
1. (d) 2. (d) 3. (b) 4. (d) 5. (d) 6. (d) 7. (c) 8. (b) 9. (b) 10. (b)
11. (d) 12. (d) 13. (d) 14. (b) 15. (c) 16. (b) 17.
(b) 18. (d) 19. (a) 20. (b)
Replace the underlined word with phrasal verbs.
1. (a) 2. (b) 3. (d) 4. (c) 5. (b) 6. (a) 7. (a) 8. (a) 9. (b) 10. (d)
(b) 17. (a)
11. (c) 12. (a) 13. (a) 14. (b) 15. (a) 16. 18. (a) 19. (b) 20. (b)
Write down the meaning of the Idiom.
1. to be on the point of doing something
2. as said or told by someone, in agreement with something, in the order of something, in
proportion to something
3. to provide an explanation or an answer for something
4. considering the fact that something happened or happens, something that is usually
assumed 5. suddenly, without advance warning
6. actually 7. to the extent or degree of something
8. with regard to, concerning 9. in the same way that something would be, that
10. provided that, on condition that 11. just after something, when
12. with regard to, according to 13. in addition, also, too

Key to English Workbook-9 55


14. in addition to someone or something
15. backwards and forwards, first one way and then the other way
16. to be in a better situation than before
17. to divide something into parts, to separate something into simpler substances
18. to separate, to divide into groups or pieces, to put an end to something
19. to make certain, to establish something without a doubt
20. incidentally
21. to put something into action, to accomplish something, to do something
22. please, hurry, go faster 23. to happen unexpectedly
24. to produce or find a thought or idea or answer
25. to be concerned with something, to take action about something
26. to do something that one had not planned to do, to go somewhere one had not planned
to go
27. to try to understand someone or something, to solve something
28. to write words in blank spaces 29. to learn or discover something
30. the very first thing 31. permanently
32. without doubt, certainly, surely 33. I to return to something
34. to become interested or involved in something
35. to leave somewhere, to escape from somewhere
36. to give or throw something away, to sell or destroy something, to make a cold or fever
disappear
37. to complete something to finish something
38. to begin to do something 39. to continue
40. to examine or review something
41. to discuss something, to look at something, to do something
42. to choose one thing rather than another
43. to spend one’s time with no great purpose, to spend leisure time with friends
44. to be about something, to be on the subject of something, to be related to something
45. to wait a minute, to stop, to wait and not hang up the phone
46. to a certain extent, a little, somewhat 47. if, if something should happen
48. shared together or equally, in use or ownership by all
49. giving all the details, item by item 50. for practical purposes, basically
51. actually, the truth is 52. to approve or support someone or something
53. in most situations or circumstances 54. for the purpose of
55. in a different (usually more direct) way
56. in the proper place or location
Choose the correct question tag for the following statements.
1. (c) 2. (c) 3. (c) 4. (c) 5. (a) 6. (b) 7. (c) 8. (c) 9. (c) 10. (c)
11. (c) 12. (b) 13. (c) 14. (c) 15. (b) 16. (b) 17. (c) 18. (b) 19. (c) 20. (c)
21. (c)
56 Key to English Workbook-9
Choose the correct verb to form a complete sentence.
1. (b) 2. (c) 3. (b) 4. (b) 5. (c) 6. (c) 7. (b) 8. (c) 9. (c) 10. (c)
11. (c) 12. (b) 13. (c) 14. (c) 15. (c) 16. (c) 17. (b) 18. (c) 19. (c) 20. (c)
21. (c)
Punctuate the following passage.
1. When Gandhi visited France, the churches appealed to him.
2. On Sundays, I wake up late but on Mondays I wake up early.
3. Anna Hazare has revived the Lok Pal Bill.
4. Dhoni made India proud by winning the World Cup for India after a gap of twenty eight
years with the support of Gambir.
5. M.P. Chidambaram is the Home Minister for India. Pranab Mukherjee has taken the
Finance port folio from him.
6. Vandalur, located near Tambaram, has a zoo.
7. Tamil Nadu shares her borders with Andhra, Karnataka and Kerala.
8. Rabindranath Tagore received Nobel prize for his Geethanjali.
9. Dr. Balasubramaniyam said, “Never model your masters but master your models”.
10. The English Teacher said to the boys, “Do not postpone your studies”.
11. Ram Dev has built a 1000 crore Patanjali Trust empire only through discourses and
Yoga classes.
12. Prime Minister Dr. Man Mohan Singh visits Russia on 18th July.
13. I boarded Pandiyan Express bound for Madurai at 9.15 pm in Egmore.
14. Mamallapuram, Kanchipuram, Vandalur, Vedanthangal and Thirukkalukundram are
important tourist spots.
15. I am fond of Shakespeare’s dramas, Wordsworth’s poems, Huxley’s essays, Abdul Kalam’s
speeches and A.R. Rehman’s music.
GRAMMAR
Choose the appropriate preposition to complete the sentence.
1. (b) 2. (c) 3. (b) 4. (c) 5. (c) 6. (b) 7. (c) 8. (c) 9. (c) 10.
(c)
11. (c) 12. (c) 13.
(c) 14. (c) 15. (c) 16.
(c) 17.
(b) 18.
(c) 19.
(c)
Identify and correct the errors.
1. A pair of shoes is all I need. 2. Her spectacles were lost.
3. The cattle are grazing the field. 4. Riches have wings.
5. Second-hand furniture is put on sale in Porur.
6. She has much work to do. 7. Alans are given to the poor.
8. She has finished her meal.
9. Her circumstances do not allow her to marry at this stage.
10. The roof of his house is leaking. 11. Nobody was there but me.
12. Only you and I can be allowed in this train with this ticket.
13. Let you and me share this secret. 14. None but Sheela deserves the first prize.
15. He is a man whom I know you can always trust.

Key to English Workbook-9 57


16. Hema is cleverer than Kiran. 17. Mt. Everest is the highest peak in the world.
18. Mercury is the heaviest of all metals. 19. Nirmala is junior to Sarada by two years.
20. She has visited Madurai many times. 21. Meena is elder to Monisha.
22. The climate of Ooty is more pleasant than that of Chennai.
23. Sita will wait until Ram goes. 24. Last night Ashok returned home late.
25. She is a very learned woman. 26. I do not care a straw for it.
27. It is nothing else but pride. 28. She married a rich widower.
29. Please recommend her to the officer. 30. Your fault does not admit of any excuse.
TENSES
EXERCISE 1
Fill in the blanks choosing the most appropriate words from the given options.
1. (a) (ii) is (b) (ii) is (c) (ii) moves
(d) (ii) has (e) (i) means (f) (ii) are
2. (a) (iv) has prepared (b) (ii) cooks (c) (iii) is making
(d) (iv) are sleeping (e) (i) is reading (f) (ii) is singing
3. (a) (ii) is shining (b) (iii) have been working (c) (i) start
(d) (ii) have taken (e) (iii) are doing (f) (i) feed
4. (a) (ii) are swimming (b) (iii) have practised (c) (iii) have come
(d) (i) are playing (e) (iii) have completed (f) (ii) are sitting
EXERCISE 2
In the passages given below, some words are missing. Choose the correct words from the given
options to complete the passages meaningfully.
1. (a) (i) was (b) (iii) was wanting (c) (i) made
(d) (iv) was hiding (e) (i) caught (f) (i) was trying
2. (a) (ii) was going (b) (ii) saw (c) (ii) ran
(d) (ii) was crossing (e) (iii) was injured (f) (iv) was rushed
3. (a) (iv) had gone (b) (i) found (c) (ii) enquired
(d) (ii) went (e) (iii) had waited (f) (ii) did not come
4. (a) (ii) went (b) (iv) had not arrived (c) (iii) were waiting
(d) (iii) were standing (e) (ii) were standing (f) (ii) had waited
5. (a) (iv) had rained (b) (iii) was reaching (c) (ii) saw
(d) (i) was (e) (iii) had opened (f) (ii) were
EXERCISE 3
Fill in the blanks choosing the most appropriate words from the given options.
1. (a) (iv) will be held (b) (ii) will be (c) (iii) will be putting
(d) (ii) will be guiding (e) (ii) shall be holding (f) (ii) will be
2. (a) (iii) will be declaring (b) (ii) will be (c) (iv) shall not been
(d) (iv) shall have gone (e) (iii) will not permit (f) (ii) will accompany
3. (a) (ii) will organise (b) (iii) will last (c) (ii) will visit
(d) (ii) will be going (e) (ii) will pay (f) (iv) will prove
58 Key to English Workbook-9
4. (a) (iv) will be holding (b) (iii) will send (c) (ii) are sent
(d) (ii) will participate (e) (iv) will have been given (f) (iii) will be beginning
CONTEXTUAL EXERCISES BASED ON MIXED TENSES
EXERCISES 4
Fill in the blanks choosing the most appropriate words from the given options.
1. (a) (ii) organized (b) (ii) were (c) (iii) thronged
(d) (iii) seemed (e) (ii) heard (f) (iv) looked
2. (a) (ii) closed (b) (ii) stayed (c) (iii) was coming
(d) (ii) told (e) (i) pick (f) (iv) took
3. (a) (iii) has become (b) (iii) are (c) (i) is
(d) (iv) has become (e) (i) are (f) (i) do not find
4. (a) (iv) has undergone (b) (iv) were confined (c) (ii) looked
(d) (iii) have stepped (e) (ii) are working (f) (i) is
5. (a) (ii) is becoming (b) (iii) have been found (c) (iii) are
(d) (iii) are (e) (ii) means (f) (i) is
6. (a) (iii) took (b) (iii) was travelling (c) (iii) entered
(d) (iv) had covered (e) (iii) were carrying (f) (iii) stood
7. (a) (iii) was travelling (b) (iii) was running (c) (iii) reached
(d) (iii) got (e) (iii) had blocked (f) (iii) were standing
CONTEXTUAL EXERCISES BASED ON MIXED TENSES
EXERCISES 5
1. (a) (i) is (b) (ii) does not know ( c) (iii) have seen (d) (i) use
(e) (i) do not know (f) (iv) has grown (g) (ii)are
2. (a) (iv) has become (b) (i) is (c) (iv) has entered (d) (i) use
(e) (iv) are contested (f) (iii) have become
3. (a) (i) is (b) (ii) are (c) (i) take (d) (ii) gets
(e) (ii) wants (f) (ii) becomes
4. (a) (ii) paints (b) (i) is (c) (iii) lived (d) (iii) worked
(e) (iii) was murdered (f) (iv) had united
5. (a) (iv) has acquired (b) (ii) fills (c) (ii) add (d) (i) is
(e) (ii) blare (f) (i) impairs
6. (a) (i) is (b) (ii) causes (c) (iii) are razed (d) (i) tell
(e) (ii) are caused (f) (i) make
REPORTED SPEECH
EXERCISE 1
1. They say that they are going to Agra the week after.
2. She will say that Sudha is a good girl.
3. He said that he would kill the snake.
4. He said that he would leave me then.
5. They said that they had come home late the previous night.

Key to English Workbook-9 59


6. The teacher said that five and five make ten.
7. He complained to his father that Mohan had broken his slate.
8. He said that metals expand when heated.
9. She said that she had waited for me in the morning.
10. My uncle said that he had lived many years in England.
11. Usha told her father that he was very kind to her.
12. Our teacher said that the earth revolves round the sun.
13. Ravi said that he touches the feet of his parents every morning.
14. Ram told Sham that he could do him a favour, if he liked.
15. The man told his son that he refused to take him back into the house.
EXERCISE 2
1. He asked his servant if the tea was ready.
2. Hari asked me if I was going there.
3. I asked him if he had ever been to Mumbai.
4. He asked if he would serve him faithfully.
5. I asked him if he wanted my help.
6. He asked me why I was so sad.
7. He asked who had broken that slate.
8. She asked him when he would come back.
9. He asked me if I would have a cup of tea.
10. The manager asked the clerk what he wanted.
11. I asked my sister where her watch was.
12. He asked his friends what they were waiting for.
13. The policeman asked which way the thief had gone.
14. I asked the shopkeeper what the price of that book was.
15. I asked Rakesh if he would go to the canal for picnic.
EXERCISE 3
1. He asks his servant to do as he tells him.
2. My friend advised me to work steadily.
3. He proposed to me to play tennis.
4. He begged his master to pardon him.
5. She requested me to lend her my book.
6. The hare proposed to the tortoise to run a race.
7. The girls forbade madam to be angry.
8. I will advise her not to talk ill of others.
9. The headmaster told the peon that boy should be allowed to go.
10. He requested Suresh to lend him fifty rupees.
11. The officer ordered the servant to take off his cap.

60 Key to English Workbook-9


12. I proposed to him that we should part as friends.
13. The student requested the teacher to explain that sentence.
14. The officer told the peon that the visitor should be allowed to come into his office.
15. The beggar requested to give him food for which God would bless me.
EXERCISE 4
1. He exclaimed with joy that it was a very fine day.
2. They mourned that he was dead.
3. The jackal exclaimed that it was very clever.
4. The boys applauded that it was a good hit.
5. You exclaimed with joy that you had won a scholarship.
6. The boy confessed with regret that he had been foolish.
7. She exclaimed with sorrow that she had lost her precious diamond.
8. Hamlet exclaimed that man was a strange piece of work.
9. She cried out with shame that he was a coward.
10. The general applauded that they had carried the day.
11. He exclaimed with shame that a soldier was afraid of death.
12. The wounded soldier exclaimed that the wound was painful.
13. Sohan wished his friend good morning and asked him how he was.
14. The teacher exclaimed that Mohan was a brilliant boy.
15. Mira exclaimed with regret that I had not come to the party.
EXERCISE 5
1. He congratulated me.
2. He wished me good morning.
3. She thanked me/him very much for my/his help.
4. He admitted that he was mistaken.
5. My friend agreed to help me.
6. He said that that was all right.
7. He assured me that he would not desert me.
8. The teacher asked me if I could solve the sum. I replied that I could.
9. He suggested stopping there and resting for a while.
10. I suggested punishing the boy. My friend was against it.
11. The Headmaster thanked the audience for their visit.
12. My father encouraged me and advised me to work hard.
13. My friend greeted me and asked (me) where I was going.
14. He told me that he was off to the picture and asked (me) where I was going.
15. He called upon God to witness that he had not abused him.
16. He swore (by God) that he had not seen it (that).
17. The peon asked the officer respectfully if he might go out.

Key to English Workbook-9 61


18. He said that I needn’t wait. [OR] He said that I wouldn’t have to wait.
19. He called them cowards and said that they would soon be put to death.
20. The old man thanked me and wished me to prosper.
ACTIVE VOICE AND PASSIVE VOICE
EXERCISE 1
1. The tea is drunk by Hari. 2. The brave are admired by us.
3. The teachers are respected by me. 4. The grass is eaten daily by the cows.
5. Good news is expected by her. 6. No notice was taken of me.
7. He was elected captain (by them). 8. He was blessed with a son (by God).
9. Our clothes were washed by the servant.
10. Grammar was taught to me by my father. [OR] I was taught grammar by my father.
11. The first bus will be caught by you. 12. The bill for dinner will be paid by me.
13. You will not be turned out by him. 14. My word will always be kept (by me).
15. She will be looked after by her uncle. 16. A lesson will be taught to him (by us).
EXERCISE 2
1. A picture is being painted by me. 2. The poor are being helped by them.
3. The room is being swept by her. 4. A meeting is being held by us.
5. The time is not being wasted by them. 6. A friendly match is being played by us.
7. The plants are being watered by the gardener.
8. The fields are being ploughed by the farmers.
9. The fields were being watered by me. 10. His old parents were being served by him.
11. Her ways were not being mended by her.
12. We were not being scolded by the teacher.
13. Noise was being made by the children.
14. The train was being waited by us. 15. Her drawing was being praised by him.
16. The door was being knocked at (by someone).
EXERCISE 3
1. The train has been missed by him. 2. His fault has been forgiven by me.
3. Nothing has been done by him so far. 4. Our rooms have been locked by us.
5. The food has been cooked by us.
6. Our meals had already been taken by us. [OR] The meals had already been taken by us.
7. This dish had never been tasted by me before.
8. The film had already been seen by him.
9. The building had been destroyed by the fire.
10. Your uncle had been insulted (by you).
11. The bell will have been rung by the peon.
12. The bus will have been missed by him.
13. Her lesson will have been learnt by her.
14. The roll will have been called by the teacher. [OR] A lesson will have been learnt by her.
62 Key to English Workbook-9
15. This work will not have been done by them.
16. A prize will have been won by you.
EXERCISE 4
1. Who is liked by you? 2. By whom are you taught here?
3. Who was wanted by him? 4. By whom were you brought here?
5. What is seen by you? 6. Where was she left by him?
7. When will a car be bought by you? 8. Which game is played by you?
9. Why has the post been resigned by him?
10. By whom were the plants being watered?
11. What can be bought for a rupee by you?
12. By whom is his country not loved?
13. Where will the summer vacation be spent by you?
14. Why hasn’t the lesson been learnt by you?
15. How many times is tea taken by you during the day?
EXERCISE 5
1. You are ordered to shut the door. 2. You are advised never to tell a lie.
3. Let the doctor be called in. 4. Let my orders be carried out.
5. You are ordered to post this letter at once.
6. Let the noise not be made. [OR] You are requested not to make a noise.
7. He is ordered to leave the room. [OR] Let the room be left by him.
8. Let this work be done by him.
9. Let this sum be tried by me. 10. You are advised to enter by the right door.
11. He is ordered to vacate the room. [OR] Let the room be vacated by him.
12. You are ordered to post this letter at once.
13. You are advised never to speak ill of others.
14. You are requested to help me with money.
EXERCISE 6
1. The train can be caught by you. 2. This problem can be solved easily by me.
3. I might be asked to go there (by them).
4. Your parents should be obeyed. 5. This heavy load could be easily lifted by him.
6. May your umbrella be had by me?
7. The teachers must be respected by the students.
8. Such a reply to your officer must not be given.
9. Can such a thing be thought of by anyone?
10. Your country should never be betrayed (by you).
11. This heavy load cannot be lifted by the old man.
12. His words should not be listened to.
13. Our elders ought to be respected (by us).

Key to English Workbook-9 63


14. Why should we be suspected (by you)?
15. May peace be granted to his soul (by God)!
EXERCISES 7
1. A prize is hoped to be won by him. 2. That bill ought to be paid by you.
3. I expect this episode to be forgotten (by you).
4. He worked hard for a scholarship to be won.
5. This is not the time for tea to be taken.
6. We proposed him to be appointed monitor.
7. It is time for the business to be wound up.
8. It is necessary for the harvest to be reaped.
9. It is time for money to be raised for this temple.
10. The officer wants to be obeyed by his clerks.
11. The thief begged the judge to be forgiven.
12. He worked hard for the examination to be passed.
13. I expect to be helped by my friends in trouble.
14. India expects duty to be done by everyone at all costs.
EXERCISES 8
1. The lights were switched off by the boys.
2. What is being looked at by her? 3. It cannot be wondered at by anyone.
4. I was not spoken to by him. 5. Your tricks can be seen through by me.
6. The door was being knocked at by Ram.
7. He was charged with theft by the police.
8. My advice was not acted upon by Subodh.
9. My request was not acceded to by Mohan.
10. The master was attended on by his servant.
11. The blind man was laughed at by the students.
12. The poor were supplied with the blankets by the king.
13. The matter is being looked into by the police.
14. His promise to help me could not be kept (by him).
EXERCISES 9
1. Be seated. 2. My hair needs to be cut.
3. It cannot be helped.
4. It is said that you are a liar. [OR] You are said to be a liar.
5. It is said that virtue is its own reward.
6. It is heard that the police has arrested the robbers.
7. It is said that honesty is the best policy.
8. It is said that she is a witch. [OR] She is said to be a witch.
9. The road was lined with the people. 10. Am I allowed to go out?
11. God be thanked. 12. A pen is to be written with.
13. It cannot be wondered at by any one. 14. I expected to be helped by him.
64 Key to English Workbook-9
15. My pocket has been picked. 16. It is hoped that we should go to Mumbai.
17. Those who are helped by themselves are helped by God.
18. What cannot be cured must be endured.
19. Stones should not be thrown at others by those who live in glass houses.
20. Duty ought to be done.
21. It is hoped (by him) that he will pass this year.
22. It is hoped that he will be cured by the doctor.
23. It is prayed that you may live long. 24. No one was blamed by me.
25. It is said that truth is evergreen. 26. A week is made with seven days.
27. It is prayed that the king may live long.
28. The enemy has been defeated. 29. Let the dead be buried by dead past.
30. Elders should be respected.
EXERCISES 10
1. My book was stolen by him. 2. His word is kept by him.
3. The brave are admired by us. 4. What is being done by her?
5. Is a lie being told by the boys? 6. Why do you hate him?
7. The food has been cooked by her. 8. He is seldom kept waiting by me.
9. A house is being built by Mohan. 10. His friends are always helped by him.
11. The sums were being solved by him. 12. What was seen by you there?
13. She was not noticed by you. 14. Will a pen be bought for me (by you)?
15. Which book will be read by you? 16. Had the Taj been seen by you before?
17. What was being done by you there? 18. Were the plants being watered by them?
19. By whom has our furniture been spoilt?
20. He was leading the procession.
DETERMINERS AND ARTICLES
EXERCISE 1
1. an 2. a 3. An, an 4. a 5. A, a 6. an 7. an 8. an, a 9. A
10. An, a
EXERCISE 2
1. an 2. The 3. the 4. an 5. The 6. The, the 7. the 8. The, the, the
9. a, the 10. the 11. An, the 12. the 13. a, the 14. An, the 15. a
EXERCISE 3
1. He is going to the U.S.A. 2. India is a large country.
3. What a beautiful picture it is! 4. I saw an elephant in the zoo.
5. He is the best friend of mine. 6. We should help the blind and the poor.
7. The language consists of words. 8. The Ganga is a holy river of India.
9. The editor of the Tribune is known to me.
10. The more I hear the pop music, the less I like it.

Key to English Workbook-9 65


11. The ship was sunk in the Indian Ocean.
12. Birds of a feather flock together.
EXERCISE 4
1. The sun set in the west. 2. Jealousy is an evil passion.
3. How blue the sky looks! 4. Draw the map of Haryana.
5. He looks as stupid as an owl. 6. My favourite flower is the rose.
7. I do not use that sort of a pen. 8. What a beautiful scene this is!
9. An umbrella is of no use in the storm. 10. The moon did not rise till after ten.
11. Have you never seen an elephant? 12. A friend in need is a friend indeed.
EXERCISE 5
1. some 2. a 3. any 4. the 5. the 6. an
7. any 8. the 9. that 10. This 11. the 12. many
EXERCISE 6
1. A, this 2. X, the 3. some 4. XX 5. some, the
6. X, the 7. some, any 8. X, the 9. Few 10. a few
SENTENCE CONNECTORS OR CONJUNCTIONS
EXERCISE 1
1. I respected him since he is honest. 2. I know that it is wrong.
3. He is greedy but he is rich. 4. He is careless and dull.
5. She has failed and so she is very sad. 6. He fell off the roof and died.
7. He is slow but he is steady.
8. This box is very heavy and so I cannot lift it.
9. He is a good man but sometimes he is unreliable.
10. The teacher taught but the students talked.
11. People do not like him as he shirks work.
12. He is brave and people admire him.
13. He went in that direction because he had heard a sound.
14. He walked fast but he missed the train.
15. It is five months since her father died.
16. Take medicine or you will not recover.
17. He takes exercise daily or he may fall ill.
18. She was tired so she could not walk further.
19. The child saw a snake so he cried aloud.
20. Be discreet in your talk or else you will suffer.
21. She is very pretty but she is lame of one leg.
22. They will never learn if they don’t listen attentively.
23. He did not return my book so he dare not write to me.
24. You are very stupid so only you have made such a mistake.
25. None can violate our frontiers until we remain united.

66 Key to English Workbook-9


EXERCISE 2
1. As he begun speaking there was pin drop silence.
2. Although it was raining, I decided to go to school.
3. Because you do not take exercise you are weak.
4. He sold his bicycle because it had become very old.
5. As Mohan was not at home, I left the key with his mother.
6. Good students study while bad students waste their time.
7. He came running when he saw a child on the road.
8. Although she was ill, she came to the office.
9. He kept on working until it grew dark.
10. As I did not have enough money, I could not buy the car.
11. She is fond of both singing and dancing.
12. Though my grandmother is over eighty, all her teeth are intact.
13. Tagore was both a philosopher and a poet.
14. I neither like Maths nor Science. 15. As his wife burnt the toast, he got angry.
16. I know both Bengali and Tamil.
17. As soon as you hear the signal, start immediately.
18. When he put the milk into the baby’s mouth, it choked.
19. Unless you work hard, you cannot pass the examination.
20. You should walk carefully lest you will fall down.
EXERCISE 3
1. (a) I missed the lecture because I was late.
(b) She screamed when she saw the dead body.
(c) As it was raining we decided not to go.
2. (a) I like Meera because she was a great poetess.
(b) When the cat is away the mice will play.
(c) Subhashini is more intelligent than Prabhat.
3. (a) It was the spring yet there were no flowers in our garden.
(b) He was to reach here at 5 but he has not turned up yet.
(c) As soon as I saw the lion, I ran away.
4. (a) It was winter yet there were no snow.
(b) She was to reach here at 6 but she has not turned up yet.
(c) As soon as I saw my uncle, I came back.
5. (a) He called me while I was sleeping.
(b) He begun to feel unhappy because he did not want to live with his brother.
(c) As there was no room vacant in the house, he had been sleeping in the open.
6. (a) He became poor because he fell into bad habits.
(b) As he was badly tired, he could not walk.
(c) The tiger runs faster than the deer (does).
7. (a) Since he had lost all his money, no one was ready to help him.
(b) As he was very poor, he had to live in one room.

Key to English Workbook-9 67


(c) Sumit was cleverer than the merchant (was).
8. (a) Rony is taller than her sister.
(b) Renu will not take her breakfast until she goes for a morning walk.
(c) Dunny is too foolish to understand this problem.
9. (a) Both Mohan and his father are illiterate.
(b) Since the market was closed, we could not buy anything.
(c) My friend came while I was doing my homework.
10. (a) As he was ill, he stayed in bed.
(b) I reached half an hour late because my scooter got punctured.
(c) Man’s thoughts are stronger than his body.
EXERCISE 4
1. (a) Since the shops are closed, we cannot buy anything.
(b) While the teacher was teaching, few students in the class were sleeping.
2. (a) Since you were absent from the school, you have been fined.
(b) While my mother was cooking, she burnt her fingers.
3. (a) Do not disturb me while I am busy in studies.
(b) As Susan did not take a bath, she did not go to the Church.
4. (a) The child didn’t reach home till 4 pm.
(b) Richa is more beautiful than her sister Rashmi.
5. (a) He is very poor so that he cannot pay the fees.
(b) Since the teacher was away, the class made the noise.
6. (a) Since the patient was dying, we called the doctor.
(b) As soon as the last wicket fell, the crowd invaded the field.
7. (a) I want to purchase a Maruti car because the maintenance is easy.
(b) As you are very hard working, you are bound to get success.
8. (a) You should always keep mobile with you because, it is an essential item these days.
(b) As you have invested a lot of money in your business this year, you can expect
excellent return.
9. (a) I will not buy the accessories of this car because they are very costly.
(b) Take bed rest till you are fully recovered.
10. (a) As there are no oranges in the shop, we have to buy bananas.
(b) He ran for the morning assembly because, he was late.
11. (a) As the market was closed, we could not buy anything.
(b) Raghu’s sister is more intelligent than Raghu.
12. (a) I like Kalidas because he was a great poet.
(b) Sunil is taller than Sanjay.
13. (a) As soon as the pickpocket saw the policeman he ran away at once.
(b) Since she is ill, I must help her.
14. (a) Work hard otherwise you will not pass.
(b) When the cat is away, the mice will play.
15. (a) You have to wait until she comes back.

68 Key to English Workbook-9


(b) When Renu returned home to pick up the card, she found the main door opened.
EXERCISE 5
1. as 2. till 3. and 4. as 5. as
6. unless 7. that 8. If 9. yet 10. lest
11. or 12. neither 13. and 14. till 15. as
16. until 17. unless 18. unless 19. However 20. so
21. but 22. then 23. before 24. but 25. As long as
EXERCISE 6
1. till 2. that 3. while 4. and 5. or
6. than 7. and 8. because 9. that 10. yet
11. or 12. Although 13. but 14. or 15. When
16. lest 17. since 18. then 19. or 20. because
21. when 22. while 23. and 24. when 25. Although
26. or 27. so 28. while 29. either 30. as
31. while 32. whether 33. therefore 34. Since 35. when
36. than 37. as 38. but 39. till 40. When
41. when 42. Although 43. as 44. while 45. that
COMPOSITION
Make notes of the following passage. [1 × 5 = 5]
SET-1.
Constituents of happiness.
1. Love, money, career and faith in God
2. Not a practising virtue
3. Comes to one
When does one become happy?
- All important things achieved
- yet happiness eludes
- Happiness, according to Osho, comes when focused on love
- Think value scale and do what matters must
- Try so hard to achieve our goals ignoring things necessary for happiness
SET-2.
Respect for fatherland or motherland
- Noble sentiment
- Devotion and selfless sacrifice adored by laity
Honouring Patriots.
Memorials built-statues raised self-respect and patriotism interrelated. Many invasions-
culture intact patriots defended country.
SET-3.
Unenforced standards of conduct
- Like laws - set a standard for human behaviours
Key to English Workbook-9 69
- No formal punishment for transgression
- Manners change over time, geographical location, social stratum etc.
Manners Matter
- Large books, written on the subject
- Advice columns spend much space on it
- Lady is one who follows proper manners
- Gentleman counterpart with equally good manners
- Combination of these two make a social class
SET-4.
Codified Morality
- Differs from custom
- Religious communities perceive God’s hand in such revelations
- Example, law of Moses
- Islamic law
Moral code Vs legal code
- Moral code differ from legal code, civil rights or judicial right
Morality
- Collection of beliefs constituting good life
- As religions also provided visions and regulations for ideal life, religion mistaken
for morality
- Making appropriate lifestyle-morality
SET-5.
Edison-the wizard of Menlo park
- Many devices influencing life
- Phonograph, motion picture camera, light bulb
Edison the industrialist and businessman
- First to initiate principles of mass production and large scale team work
- First industrial Research lab started
- 1,093 US patents in his name as well as patents in UK, France and Germany
- Numerous inventions-mass communication (i.e.) telecommunications
- First man to sell the idea of power generation and distribution to homes, business
houses and factories
SET-6.
Step towards success
- Setting goals-life in real action made
Goal-less life
- Floating around every day
- Energy dispersed randomly without focus
- Nice-to-do activities Vs useful activities
- Chatting, surfing and lazing around
70 Key to English Workbook-9
- Efforts not channelised properly
- Get useless trash as output
SET-7.
What is being productive
- No need to work like robot non-stop
- Such work is lower than average
- Work done per extra unit of time decreases
More time less accomplishment
- More time less output
- 1000 words typed per hour
- 3rd hour only 500 words
- Law of diminishing returns
Need for rest
- Rest is important
- Work alone can’t fill all areas of life
- Life wheel made up of different segments
- Segments outside work count (business career-studies)
- Time off charges batteries
Experiment of the narrator
- A period of non-stop work (gap only for food and sleeping)
- A second spell with space in between for e-mails, exercises, walking, reading books,
catching up with friends or a short nap
- Results-could do better work at the latter spele
Prepare an advertisement on the information given below. [1 × 5 = 5]
SET-1


Wanted TELE CALLERS (F)
Good Sal + Inc, Fresh / Exp. for
Reputed. Pvt. Ltd. Co., Anna Nagar west.
Ct : 98414 23631

Key to English Workbook-9 71


SET-2

STUDY MBBS/MD in RUSSIA/EUROPE


Admission goes for
JUNE - 2013 intake ENGLISH MEDIUM
MCI Recognized
Eligibility : 50% PCB
www.hkiec.info
SET-3

Jai Sairam Vaasthu Based Quality Constructions of Residential ` 1250/-Sqft.


Free Modular Kitchen. Commercial ` 950/- Sqft. Also Renovations Done.
We Invite
JV PROPOSALS
Prabanja Builders, 9884756566

SET-4

Electronic Manufacturing Unit requires Stores Incharge. Qual : ITI/



Dip.in Electronics preferably female Mech Exp: Min 1-2 yr.
Send Resume to: career@lcscontrols.in (or)
LCS Controls Pvt Ltd. 34 & 35, 1st Link Street, Nehru Nagar
Off Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Kottivakkam, Chennai - 600 041
Tel: 044-24542510 / 24540347

SET-5
wanted
* QUALITY CONTROLLER DME/BE-Mech. Fresh/Expd.

* ADMIN ASSISTANT * ACCOUNTANT
* LATHE OPERATOR * HELPERS
68A, Sidco Industrial Estate, Ambattur,
Chennai - 98 (Opp. Aavin Milk Dairy)
Ph: 044-45048193

72 Key to English Workbook-9


SET-6

3. SPOT ADMISSION
LL.B
3 yrs. No Age limit
MANAIR COLLEGE OF LAW ANDHRA
First year Fees ` 22,000 only
S.KANNAN B.Com., LL.B. WINNERS ACADEMY, CHENNAI
9380130151
www.winnersacademy.org.in

SET-7
WANTED at Iyappanthangal
AC Sales Executive : 2 nos
AC Operator : 4 nos
AC Technicians : 5 nos
Helpers 10th : 10 nos
only local candidates need apply
Contact 9884067785 / 9282156101
SET-8
WANTED
200 Data Entry Operators (Day / Night shift) High speed operators
can earn ` 10,000 (incl. shift allowance)
Date : 27th June to 1st July 2018 Time : 10 am - 5 pm
Phone : 7172 8688
Syrma Technology Pvt. Ltd (BPO)
Plot No. B27, Phase II, Mepz-SEZ Tambaram Sanitorium, Chennai-45.
SET-9

STUDY IN CHINA
Medical College Listed by Medical Council of India
Admission Open for 2013 Batch

MBBS
No. 10A, Madurai Meenakshi Main Street,
Valasaravakkam, Chennai - 600 087.
alwinbaltika@gmail.com
9940061651, 044-43308465
Key to English Workbook-9 73
SET-10

teachers wanted
Trained Teachers Wanted for Nursery & Primary Classes.
Jasper School, 13/31, Pulla Avenue, Shenoy Nagar, Ch-30.
Contact: 26288218, 9040377110
SET-11


ALWIN College of Education
Affliated by Tamil Nadu Teacher’s Education University
Admission Open for 2017 Batch
B.Ed - 1 yr Course/All subjects
D.T.Ed - 2 yrs Course/ All subjects
No. 10A, Madurai Meenakshi Main Street,
Valasaravakkam, Chennai-600 087. alwinbaltika@ymail.com
9940061651, 24860929
COMPOSITION
1.
(a) I find soldiers in the picture.
(b) They are hiding to stay alive. They have their long guns to shoot at the enemies from the
hidden spot.
(c) There are four soldiers.
(d) No, they are simply obeying the commands of their officers.
(e) War is a brutal thing which dehumanizes people. We should avoid war to call ourselves
“civilized”.
2.
(a) I find a young girl.
(b) Her shabby dress indicates that she is from a poor family.
(c) She is called a rag picker by common people.
(d) She picks rags to supplement her family income.
(e) She should be in school now.
3.
(a) The man is fixing a pipe.
(b) He is trying to do drip irrigation.
(c) Drip irrigation is tried in those land, which are dry and water table is very low.
74 Key to English Workbook-9
(d) In drought-prone areas, farmer has to make maximum use of the little available water. So,
in these areas, drip irrigation is the most suitable system to sustain agriculture.
(e) The water drips through the pipe at the root of the plants. No water is wasted. Thus
drip irrigation helps the farmer to conserve water.
4.
(a) I find two film stars and two poor children.
(b) It is the joy of giving week.
(c) It is a festival of philanthropy. It falls in October covering Gandhi Jayanthi. It is
celebrated to inculcate the habit of giving among the young ones.
(d) The celebration involves people through “acts of giving”-money, time, resoures and skills.
(e) Corporate personnel, NGOs, actors, Governments, schools, colleges and the general
public are involved in this great event.
5.
(a) Food is being distributed.
(b) The Nando Peretti foundation has funded it.
(c) Young children are the main beneficiaries.
(d) Yes, there is enough food for all around.
(e) Yes, the group is disciplined. The boys are seated patiently waiting to be called.
(f) Some poor parents abandon their children. Some bring forth children out of wedlock
and leave them in orphanages. So, such children live on the charity of others.
6.
(a) We find a lorry loaded with logs of wood.
(b) Forests are cleared for human settlement, industrialisation and for selling wood.
(c) No, it is not a healthy practice. Each tree felled reduces the amount of rainfall.
(d) Living trees purify polluted air and bring us rain too. So, we must avoid cutting down trees.
(e) Replacing every felled tree with fresh saplings of the same tree and nurturing the same
is called “sustainable limbering”.
Complete the following dialogue appropriately. [5 Marks]
SET-1.:
(i) What range sir? (ii) for some one else, lady’s watch.
(iii) Have you brought a bangle or any other approximate measurement.
(iv) always are of the same size. (v) your left hand.
SET-2.:
(i) What do you want?
(ii) dancing with your group. You are slow and that affects the group.
(iii) I’m a little slower but I want to learn. (iv) I will give you one more week for practice.
(v) I will definitely learn the steps and do well.
SET-3.:
(i) an inverter. (ii) 20,000 rupees.
Key to English Workbook-9 75
(iii) What do I do for the balance? (iv) I will give you rupees 10,000/-.
(v) this evening.
SET-4.:
(i) Did you call me, sir? (ii) Why sir? (iii) Why sir?
(iv) you may become a National champion. (v) Good luck.
SET-5.:
(i) call me madam?
(ii) Chemistry book though it is overdue two days ago, and you have not paid the fine
either. (iii) you crying?
(iv) to buy the book. That is why I am renewing it again and again.
(v) I will give you my daughter’s book.
SET-6.:
(i) lend me your bike sir? (ii) and I had to pay ` 500 to the mechanic.
(iii) I will be careful sir. (iv) to the hospital urgently.
(v) I can give you a loan of one hundred rupees.
SET-7.:
(i) Can I help you? (ii) Where do you wish to go?
(iii) Take 47A (iv) Indira Nagar?
(v) you need to walk back towards
SET-8.:
(i) What is the problem? (ii) An old watchman was there.
(iii) have some tea in the tea stall the theft happened.
(iv) kept them in the bank locker.
(v) trace the finger prints and arrest the culprit quickly.
Look at the picture given below. Express your views on it in about five sentences. [3 MARKS]
1. TIGER AND THE CHIMPANZEE
It is a zoo. A tiger cub has lost its mother. It starves. Zoo keeper leaves the task of feeding
the cub to a chimpanze. It does the work with sincerity and dedication. The chimpanze’s love
and concern for the motherless tiger cub is quite obvious.
2. SAVE THE ENVIRONMENT

The future of the globe is in the tender hands of young children. Adults have done
substantial damage to the natural environment. Children alone can make amends by
afforestation activities. If each child is determined to plant one tree and look after it, the
forest cover will expand again.
3. PLANTING TREES
I t is a school. Uniformed girls are found planting a tender tree. It looks they are well-
trained. The two young girls love the work they are doing. Both are least concerned about the
fact that the tree they plant will yield fruits, long after they leave the school.

76 Key to English Workbook-9


4. FRIENDSHIP
Boyhood friendship is something one cherishes through out one’s life. Boyhood is the
happiest slice in one’s life. The fun young boys experience during the boyhood days during
games, sports and picnics does have a lasting impact in their personality too. Boyhood
dreams and aspirations, whether realized or not, linger in the memory of a person till he dies.
5. PROTECT TREES
Holding trees dear is in the tribal tradition of India. Tribals see God even in a blade of
grass. “Educated” people fell trees for urbanization. But tribal people hug trees and offer
their heads in the place of trees. They sincerely believe that one’s life does not have more
worth than a living tree. We should also protect trees to sustain life on the earth.
6. ENJOYING RAIN
Playing in the rain always fascinates young children. They defy the mother’s warning
and even threat. They disregard the likehood of catching a cold. They even derive pleasure
rolling in the muddy water on the road. They are not bothered about pollution and infection.
Mother earth does strengthen their immunization. The naughty kids who enjoy the rain
shower stay healthy and strong, beating the conclusions of scientific thinkers.
ENGLISH TEXTUAL COMPREHENSION
Read the following passage and answer the questions below.
SET-1
(a) Fast communication like SMS, e-mail and telephone were not available in ancient India.
(b) Letters were tied to the pigeon’s legs. They were trained to reach the destination and
deliver the letters.
(c) Runners used to carry messages. They used to run as fast as they could to the destination
and then delivered the letters.
(d) Akbar expected the news of the birth of a baby.
(e) Akbar wanted a son to inherit his vast kingdom.
SET-2
(a) Akbar had no male issues for a long time.
(b) Akbar married many princesses to beget a male issue.
(c) Jodha Akbar was about to deliver a baby. The likelihood of a prince being born made
Akbar very happy.
(d) The palace was decorated well. There was celebration everywhere. Akbar gave away
clothes and gold coins generously to people.
(e) Akbar had to be 150 miles away from his palace on business on the day the delivery of
baby was expected.
SET-3
(a) The anxiety of the news of the birth troubled king Akbar.
(b) Akbar had an urgent appointment with someone 150 miles away from his palace on the
expected day of the delivery of the baby. So, he was naturally anxious.
(c) Similar to common men, Akbar also longed for a male baby.
(d) Birbal gave an idea to Akbar to eliminate his anxiety.

Key to English Workbook-9 77


(e) Each soldier was to beat his drum once if it were a male baby and twice if it were a female
baby.
SET-4
(a) The idea of the drum beat was a stroke of genius.
(b) One hundred and fifty soldiers were employed in communicating the news of the birth
of the baby.
(c) Each one was stationed at a distance of 1 mile. They had to listen to the drum beat to
understand the message and simply repeat it or relay it to the next soldier.
(d) Akbar was anxious of hearing the drum beat.
(e) Akbar heard a single beat of drum indicating the birth of a prince. So, he was overjoyed.
(f) Birbal’s genius had ultimately worked.
(g) The king rushed back to his palace to see his new born son and his favourite queen.
SET-5
(a) Planet X was located at the edge of the galaxy among the thinly scattered stars.
(b) Yarmuk was happy because he was heading for a king’s ransom (i.e.) a royal robbery.
(c) Yarmuk thought that Planet ‘X’ had not developed sufficiently for crime to take root.
(d) Yarmuk’s landing was unchallenged at the planetary spaceport.
(e) The spaceport parking was very cheap. The Luxury hotel room rent was extremely cheap
by Central Galaxy standards. These surprised Yarmuk.
SET-6
(a) Yarmuk reconnoitred the capital city.
(b) He was very much surprised about Planet X and its citizens.
(c) The inhabitants of Planet X were an extremely disciplined and honest-lot. Infact, Yarmuk
had never seen any other race like that.
(d) There seemed to be no policemen or watchmen anywhere in the capital city. Even the
stores and shops did not have sales assistants.
(e) Yarmuk expected that an alarm would sound if any customer went outside the store
with an unbilled item say a pair of socks etc.
SET-7
(a) There was no telephone in Planet X. When Yarmuk asked someone how they
communicated without a telephone, he got a vague answer. This was the cause of his
apprehension.
(b) Yarmuk chose the three main posh jewellery shops in the market because none of them
had any attendant or assistant either.
(c) Yarmuk planned to fill his suitcase with the choicest jewels the following day.
(d) Yarmuk planned to return to his lodge after the theft.
(e) Yarmuk expected to check out from his hotel and make good his escape with the looted
gold. He thought it would be simple.
SET-8
(a) Stealing 50 million credit worth of jewels from the posh jewellery shop in the capital city

78 Key to English Workbook-9


of Planet X was like taking a candy from a child.
(b) Two National Guards confronted him in the lobby of the hotel.
(c) One of the grey-clad men had snapped a handcuffs on the Yarmuk. Another man showed
his ID-card. This sudden event startled yarmuk.
(d) Yarmuk asked the National guards how they found out the theft.
(e) The citizens of Planet X were mind readers, telepathists and clairvoyants. So, Planet X
did not require either policemen to detect crime or telephone lines to communicate.
SUMMARY WRITING
Prepare a summary for the following passage.
SET-1 The Plight of the Aged
Now the aged people suffer much in many ways. In the past the Joint family took care of
them. Urbanisation has led to nuclear families living in flats not big enough to accommodate
the old. They are sent to a remote quarter or shared around the year with other members of
the family. They are sent to Old Age Homes. Their diet and medical care has become costly.
They suffer from loneliness as well.
SET-2 Secular India
According to constitution India is secular. It is not irreligion but equal respect and
opportunities for all religions. It is based on tolerance and co-operation, the basis of Indian
culture. Anyone dividing Indians by religion acts against Indian culture weakening us at
home and discrediting us abroad.
SET-3 The Sun-Our Life Give
The sun gives us light and heat much needed to live. Without it, animals and plants
would die. The world will be cold and dark ever. Realising this, our ancestors worshipped
the sun as God.
SET-4 Forest Distribution In Tamilnadu
Forest cover is dense in western districts, Javadi hills, Vellore, Nilgiris and Salem.
Thanjavur has less than 1% of forest cover. Tamil Nadu forests have hardwood, firewood
and sandalwood trees. Sandalwood trees are found in 5,88,000 hectares. Hardwood and
firewood are found in Kanyakumari, Coimbatore and Thanjavur. Nilgiris has good cover of
hardwood. Kanyakumari has rubber plantations.
SET-5 Influence of books
Minds are moulded by books, we read. Reading books is more effective in acquiring
knowledge than the mass media. It gives pleasure. In modern times, people do not spend
time with themselves and that is why reading habit is disappearing. Leisure time is wasted.
We should remember reading gives comfort and companionship.
SET-6 Three kinds of Oil
Vegetable oil is extracted from dried seeds by crushing. Mineral oils are pumped out
from underground. Animal oils are extracted from the fat or blurb of whale and sharks. We
get kerosene, petrol and diesel from crude oil. Vegetable oils are used for cooking. Mineral
oils are used as fuels.
SET-7 All Fool’s Day
April 1 is celebrated as All Fool’s Day. The origin is still a mystery. In ancient times 21st
Key to English Workbook-9 79
March was celebrated as New Year because sun started its yearly journey towards North
from equator. Many western countries including Europe observed it. Pope Gregory changed
January 1st as the New Year Day in 1582. People exchanged mock gifts on April 1st. This
naturally evolved into ‘All Fool’s Day’.
SET-8 A School Library
Students need library. We find books for information, Supplementary Reading and
Recreational Reading. Mostly library books are classified using Dewey system. The books
are divided into ten major subject-wise divisions and are further divided into sub-divisions.
Number is placed on the spine of the book. One catalogue is arranged by class number and
the other by the author name. Once the author’s name is known the number and location can
be easily guessed.
DIALOGUE WRITING
Write a dialogue with at least five sentences.
SET-1
Shankar : Hello Raju.
Raju : Hello Shankar.
Shankar : It seems you are on your way to the market.
Raju : Quite right. How do you know?
Shankar : The cloth bag in your hand made me guess it.
Raju : Your guess is right.
Shankar : Why do you carry a bag. The shopman will give you carry bags.
Raju : Yes. But they are plastic or polythene. I don’t use them.
Shankar : Why?
Raju : Plastic is bad. It pollutes the soil. It is non-biodegradable. When burnt plastic
gives out harmful gas and smoke.
Shankar : Now I understand. Thank you.
SET-2
Passenger : Excuse me sir!
Clerk : Welcome. How can I help you?
Passenger : Could you tell me the arrival time of the Howrah Mail.
Clerk : With pleasure. Its arrival time is 17.45 hours.
Passenger : Will it arrive at the right time today?
Clerk : I hope so, let me check up. Yes, it will arrive in time.
Passenger : Could you tell me the platform where it arrives.
Clerk : Definitely. It arrives in platform No. 9.
Passenger : Thanks a lot.
Clerk : Welcome. The pleasure is mine. We are here to help you.
SET-3
John : Hello Sundar! you seem to watch more T.V. programmes now a days.
80 Key to English Workbook-9
Sundar : Hello John! Not many but selected ones.
John : What do you feel about the quality of Tamil programmes?
Sundar : The serials are stereo types but some reality shows are good.
John : For example.
Sundar : The panel discussions on current events and the music, dance competitions for
different age groups.
John : Yes, I also like them. But I don’t know why so much film based programmes.
Sundar : They cater to the demand and taste of many.
John : Can’t they reduce them and make more talent hunt shows?
Sundar : That will depend upon viewership of many people.
SET-4
Manju : Now let us discuss what we want to be in future.
Mala : Okay. First you tell what you want to be?
Manju : I would like to pursue medicine.
Mala : I want to be an Engineer.
Manju : The country has enough engineers. There is a very poor health care delivery
system. So, I want to serve the people as a doctor.
Mala : If you take up medicine, you will have to invest many years to shine in your career
and your marriage will be delayed.
Manju : Don’t worry. Our dad will find a doctor for me.
Mala : Wish you Good luck.
Manju : Thanks, wish you the same.
Mala : Hope we both achieve our dreams.
SET-5
Student : Good morning sir,
Bank Manager : Good morning. What shall I do for you?
Student : Sir, I want to open a savings account.
Bank Manager : Have you brought an address proof?
Student : Yes, sir.
Bank Manager : Have you brought two copies of passport size photograph of yourself?
Student : Yes sir.
Bank Manager : Fill in this application and pay the money you wish to deposit at the cash
counter.
Student : Sir, the pass book.
Bank Manager : You can collect it, tomorrow morning.

Key to English Workbook-9 81


Student : Thank you sir.
Letter writing. [Complete the content of the letters] [5 marks]
1. 15, Alagar Koil Road
Madurai - 21
20.08.2018
Dear dad,
I am fine. How is everyone at home. Most of my friends spend their evenings playing and
seeing movies. But I want to learn the basics of computer operations. I have a feeling that I can
achieve something in life if I pursue computer engineering. Dad, I wish to join NIIT Diploma in
Computer Application. Please give me permission to join the evening course. Kindly transfer
five thousand rupees course fee in my bank A/c. Please convey my regards to Mom.
With love,
XYZ
To
Shri, G. Suresh,
10, Kanniyamman Koil,
Nehru Colony,
Thoothukudi-10.
2. 15, Kamala St,
SS Colony,
Madurai - 7
29.10.2018
Dear Arun,
I am fine. I heard that you are down with typhoid. Please take as much fresh juice
and coconut water as possible. Your digestive track will be weak for a while. Eat soft and
nutritious food. I wish you a speedy recovery. I will come to your home with my note books
and you can catch up with the lessons. Don’t worry.
Yours lovingly,
XXX
To
18, Murthy St,
Vasanth Nagar,
Virudhu Nagar - 2.
3. 18, Therady road
Kanchipuram - 1
18.09.2018
Dear Suresh,
I’m fine. I hope this letter finds you in good health. I heard that you failed in Mathematics
in the public examination just by 4 marks. Don’t lose heart. I will stay with you and prepare
you for the instant examination. I know you are capable of succeeding in life with your
excellent communicative skills. Convey my kind regards to your parents.
82 Key to English Workbook-9
Yours sincerely,
XXX
To
K. Suresh (S/O) Krishnan,
18, Krishnaveni Nagar,
Sabari Colony,
Mugaliwakkam
Chennai - 90.
4. 27, Kannathal Koil st,
Sivagangai,
18.08.2018.
Dear Murugan,
I heard the shocking news that your dad passed away in a road accident. I know it
must be a big blow to you. Your father loved you so much and had many dreams for you.
Please remember, “Our dead are never dead until we remember them”. He will be around
you in a form your senses can’t perceive. The best tribute you can give to your father is to
do well and become “some body” in life. I pray God that. He gives you enough courage
to overcome this bereavement and focus on the future. Convey my kind enquiries to
mom.
Your loving friend
XXX
To,
S. Murugan (S/O) P. Sankaran (Late)
18, Namakkarar St,
Palamedu - 1. Madurai dt.
5. From 18.08.2018
B142, Motilal Street, XXX
T. Nagar,
Chennai - 17.
To
The Headmaster,
Ramakrishna Higher Secondary School,
Burkit Road, Chennai - 17.
Sir,
Sub: Requesting issuance of conduct certificate.
My name is XXX,
I did my X std in your reputed school in 2010-11. My role no. was 63 and I was in
X standard ‘D’ Section. Mrs. Mala was my class teacher. I have been called for a
walk-in-interview for the post of a helper in an MNC Company. I shall be happy if you could
issue me a conduct certificate.
Thanking you,
Key to English Workbook-9 83
Yours Sincerely
XXX
6. From Avadi
XXX, 04.08.2018
Sports Secretary,
Govt HSS,
Avadi.
To
Mr. Joseph,
Std X-B section,
St. John’s Matriculation School,
Perambur, Chennai.
Dear Joseph,
Sub: Formal invitation of school cricket team for a friendly match.
We propose to organize a friendly cricket match in our school premises on 25.08.2018
from 2 pm to 6 pm. Indian skipper Dhoni has consented to be the guest of honour. We will
be pleased if you can bring your team along and honour our request. The winning team shall
take the shield from Dhoni himself. I wish your school team good luck assuring you that our
team will also play well. Please send your reply by e.mail to sports secretary@ghssavadi.in
on or before 12.08.2018 so that we can arrange the rest. Please use your own vehicle we can
provide refreshments to your team.
Yours sincerely,
XXX
7. From XYZ
XXX, 10.10.2018
School Pupil Leader,
ABC HSS,
XYZ.
To
Prof R. Alavandar,
HOD Department of Education,
Annamalai University,
Chidambaram.
Sir,
Sub: Inviting to hoist national flag and preside over
children’s day celebration-Reg
We learnt that you inspire young children through your lectures. Your genuine concern
for their emotional health and future has impressed us very much. We will be honoured if
you could kindly give your consent to preside over our school’s Children’s day celebrations
and give away the prizes too. We look forward to listening to your inspirational speech on
14.11.2018. Kindly send your consent either by post or by e-mail to splabchss@gmail.com.
84 Key to English Workbook-9
Yours Sincerely,
XXX
8. From 6, Feb. 2018
XXX,
YYY.
To
The Editor,
The Indian Express,
Chennai-2
Sir,
Sub: Mosquito Menace.
This year there has been unusual continuous rain for many days leading to stagnant
water and overflow of drainages in many parts of the city. This has resulted in the growth
of mosquitoes which trouble us much unlike the past years. All know well that they cause
malaria and help spread of diseases. The Corporation and Municipal authorities should take
suitable measures to control the mosquitoes and save the people from suffering.
Yours truly,
XXX
9. 20, 4th Street,  Dated 13th April, 2018.
Gandhi Nagar,
Chennai - 600 020,
Dear uncle,
Warm greetings. The summer in Chennai is very hot. Due to frequent power cuts.
I am unable to even watch movies. I have a month long vacation. Uncle, incase you are not
going abroad this year, could I visit your home along with my parents. I think they also need
to relax a little as life in Chennai is becoming very mechanical. I believe the whole family will
feel rejuvenated if we could stay in your home and see places in and around Ooty. Please
inform me when I should visit you with my parents.
Yours Loving niece,
Kavya
10. 36, Q.R. Street,  29th March, 2018.
P.K. Nagar,
A City.
My dear uncle,
I received your gift. Infact, I wanted to buy a watch for a longtime. Your gift really
surprised me. Thank you so much for your thoughtful gift.
Convey my regards to aunty. Yours lovingly,
Sreeja
Address on the envelope
To
Mr. Rajan,
Key to English Workbook-9 85
15, Tata Nagar,
B City,
Pin : XXXXXX.
11. From  3rd March, 2018.
V. Sriram,
12, South Street,
C Village.
PIN XXX XXX
To
The Postmaster,
Post Office,
C Village
PIN XXX XXX
Sir,
Sub: Regarding change of address.
I was earlier living in 68, Middle street. We shifted our residence to 12 South street
last week. Hence, I request you to redirect all letters, addressed to my former address to my
current address.
Thank you, Yours sincerely,
V. Sriram
12. NSK Hr. Sec. School,
Trichy,
12.03.2018
My dear Father,
I’m fine. I hope this letter finds you and mom in good health. My school is arranging
for a picnic to Mahabalipuram, Kanchipuram and Tirupathi. Kanchipuram is a historically
important city of Pallava kings. We will definitely have a nice time in the beach and shore
temple. I have always wanted to visit Kanchipuram and Tirupathi for the sheer delight of
admiring the architectural marvel of the temples in Kanchipuram. Please permit me to join
my friends and enjoy the excursion. Transfer ` 1,000/- in my account for the expenditure.
Your written consent may be sent to my school Headmaster immediately.
Your loving son,
S. Mani
To
Mr. K. Sivaram,
60-B, Gandhi Salai,
Thirunelveli
13. 14A 3rd Street
K.K. Nagar,
A.City
2nd October, 2018

86 Key to English Workbook-9


My dear Revathy,
It is with great pleasure that I write to you about my visit to Ooty during the last
puja vacation. We journeyed to Coimbatore by train. From there, we took a cab uphill. The
weather was extremely pleasant and our stay lasted for four days. Our entourage consisted
of nine members and we were put up in two large rooms in a picturesque resort. We spent
most of the time walking up and down the slopy roads and in the colourful gardens where
numerous varieties of flowers bloomed. We also took a pleasant boat ride in the lake. When
it was time to depart, we left Ooty with a heavy heart.
Your’s lovingly,
Rani
Address on the envelope
To
K. Revathy,
15, A.V. R. Road,
B.City, Pin xxxxxx
14. From  5th November, 2018
D. Ramya,
10th std, ‘C’ Section,
Govt. Hr. Sec. School,
Chennai - 600 024.
To
The District Collector,
Chennai - 600016.
Respected Sir/Madam
Sub : Contribution to the Flood Relief Fund - Reg.
The citizens are extremely gratified by the scale and magnitude of relief work
undertaken by the Government and corporation to intigate the sufferings of those affected
by the recent floods. I along with a few of my friends wanted to contribute our mite to this
noble cause. We have gone around our locality and tried to highlight the plignt of the victims
amongst the locals and urged them to come forward with a helping hand. We have collected
a sum of Rupees one lakh and ten please grant us an appointment early next week so that we
can hand over the cheque to you.
Thank you,
Your’s faithfully,
D. Ramya
DEVELOPING THE HINTS
SET-1
The Sandy rocky Arabian desert is too hot for a walk. Yet it has Oasis. They are cool
shady places with green grass, fig trees and the tall graceful palm tress. Such places are few
and far apart. They have very deep springs of water. Even the sun cannot dry them up.
SET-2
Education has many purposes. It has to give one knowledge and the capacity to earn
a living. Besides it should make one a patriot and a self reliant, serviceable, tolerant good
citizen not hating other lands and people.

Key to English Workbook-9 87


SET-3
Eminence does not come by mere desire and dream. We need hard labour and study to
get it. We must translate our thoughts, desires and dreams into action as Hannibal crossed
the Alps. Study and observation help us learn science and to know the power and character
of human mind.
SET-4
Every girl should enrich her vocabulary; for it gives her a mark of culture and easy
accurate expression. Reading and conversation will help to learn new words. But the best
would be referring to the dictionary for each new word. By glancing over the dictionary one
can learn at least two new words daily
SET-5
Speech conveys our thoughts. It helps communication. But it can cause misunderstanding,
and enmity also if made thoughtlessly and carelessly. We should avoid slip of the tongue and
unknown words. Speech should be receiver oriented. Hence speeches differ according to
situations and receivers.
SET-6
Progress depends on freedom of thought. If it is denied we stagnate. We desire this
freedom. In practice we deny it to others when they differ from us in religion and politics.
To develop this freedom we should read, think and discuss with others to know a thing
completely in all its aspects.
SET-7
The courage connected with the body is physical courage. The one connected with the
mind is moral. They are combined and one implies the other. Moral courage is superior; for
it makes us endure all pain and overcome difficulties to perform the duty and to do the right.
SET-8
Patriotism is a natural feeling. All love their motherland however poor it is. But it should
be rational and objective to know our weaknesses also. Otherwise we become Chauvanists to
boast of our land and fail to see the merits in other lands.
SET-9
Courage, prompt action, open mind and truthfulness were the qualities of Gandhi.
Truthfulness topped them all. He practised what he preached. His life was an open book. He
named his autobiography “My Experiments with Truth”.
SET-10
A clean body is Godly. The waste matters of the body come out through the millions of
tiny drain pipes in the skin known as pores. We have to wash the body and keep the pores
open to let the waste go.

88 Key to English Workbook-9